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Temple Terrace

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Title:
Temple Terrace the first fifty years
Physical Description:
71 p. : ills. ;
Language:
English
Creator:
Burney, Cleo N
Publisher:
Friends of the Temple Terrace Public Library
Place of Publication:
Temple Terrace, Fla
Publication Date:

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Subjects / Keywords:
History -- Temple Terrace (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre:
letter   ( marcgt )

Notes

Statement of Responsibility:
by Cleo N. Burney.

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Source Institution:
University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
usfldc doi - C54-00004
usfldc handle - c54.4
System ID:
SFS0036420:00001


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TEMPLE TER CE The First Fifty Years

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Photograph courtesy of Shirley Adema Spanish exploration of Temple Terrace marker in Riverhills Park erected in October 19 88 jointly by the Temple Terrace City Council Chamber of Commerce and Preservation, Inc

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TEMPLE TER The First Fifty Years Materials co llected by members of the Board of Directo rs of the Friends of the Temple Terrace Public Library 197075 By Cleo N. Burney Editorial Board : Ralph A. Go we r Douglas Dabney Phillip s Dr. William H. Sch e uerle Frank E. Spear FRIENDS OF THE TEMPLE TERRACE PUBLIC LIBRARY 202 Bullard Parkway Temple Terrace, Florida 3.3617 1975

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May 28, 1995 Dedicated to our present Mayor Robert Bob Woodard the Temple Terrace Presef11ation, Inc., wh o requested the reprint, all the member s of th e present City Council, and other City officials. l

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ACKNOWLEDGMENTS TO THE 1995 EDITION I am indebted and thankful t o the following people who so generousl y gave of their time and tal e nts which enabled me to pursue this proj ec t: Friends of the Templ e Terrace Library Board Members, Tom Elligett, Bea Avery, Griffin Copeland, Alice Lanier and Hardy Tuegel ; Ann Simmons, President of T e mple Terrace Preservation Inc., and Patri c ia Jones, Temple Terrace City Cl erk, for her s pecial efforts in typ ese tting th e r e print manusc ript A s pecial thanks goes to all the citi:r,en s and organizations who contributed as Platinwn and Gold s ponsors to the reprint of thi s e diti o n Shirley Adema, B oard Memb e r Frie nds of the Temple Terrace Public Library .. u

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PREFACE TO THE SECOND EDITION This book was first publi s h e d in 1974. Now, tw en ty-one years later, at the request of Temple Terrace Preservati o n Inc., in hono r o f the City's 70th Anniversary, the Friends of the Temple Terrace Public Library has reprinted the original text with few changes. An index h as been added to th e original manuscript. It i s the intention of the Friends of the Temple Terrace Public Library to publish a more comprehensive hi s tory of the City to commemorate its 75th Anniversary in the year 2000. Pho tograph s new s clipping s and histories of various clubs, organi zations, churches and s c h oo l s are being collected at this time which will be incorporat e d into the 75th anniv ersary edition. The collection of Temple Terrace historical mate rials is a continuing project of the Friends of the Templ e Terrace Public Library. C hurches, clubs, organi1.ations and indi v idual s are urged to donate al ailable hi s tori es of their organi1.ations, n ewspaper articl es, pictures and r e lat e d m a t eria l s. These materials will b e ca r e full y preserve d in the hi s torical fil e and will be avail able f o r use in the library or may be photo co pied. Corr(.>ctions of any errors in Temple T errace: The First Fifty Years will be appreciated. lll

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TEMWLETERRACE-PROLOGUE The first hwnans migrated to Florida in approximately 13,000 to 10,000 B.C., hunting mammoths and mastodons until the animals' extinction. Long pre-dating the Seminole Indians, the Calusa, Tocobaga, Timucuan and other Indian tribes had begun living in villages by the time the Spanish explorers arrived in 1513. Mac Perry's book on Indian Mounds You Can Visit does not identify any existing mounds in Temple Terrace, but they certainly existed in the past. He states if you live on Florida's west coast, you live near an ancient Indian mound site. The Indians buried the bones of their dead with broken pieces of pottery in circular shell-covered mounds. Perry notes modern road builders and developers destroyed most of the mounts for their shell content or to level the ground for construction. Perry describes the Indians fishing and shellfi s hing along the Hillsborough River, and mentions a mound on Buck I sland, near the confluence of Cypress Creek, south of Lettuce Lake. The arrival of Europeans dramatically altered the lives of Florida's original Indians. Ponce de Leon's first Florida landing in 1513 occurred on the east coast, although he then sailed around to the Gulf before meeting hostile Indians. His s econd expedition in 1521 landed on Florida's west coast, although scholars differ as to whether it was near Sanibel Island or in south Pinellas County. The Indians repelled this effort as well, wounding Ponce de Leon with an arrow that catL<;ed his death from infection later that year. The first entrada, or invasion of Florida occurred in 1528 Panfilo de Narvaez led several hundred conquistadors, landing on the shores of Tampa Bay. Following a violent encounter with local Indians, the Spaniards marched northward to their doom. The Indians were unable to s top Hernando de Soto's 1539 expedition. Again, while the precise location is disputed, he landed south of Temple Terrace and his party ultimately marched north and west to Mexico in 1542 (he died of fever near the Mississippi River the previous year). lV

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While unverified by scholars, Hampton Dunn's, Florida A Pictorial History, points to a "Spanish cross carved in pure flint found in 1977 on the east side of the Hillsborough River near Temple Terrace as "positive evidence" of deSoto's march. The impact of these Europeans and others who followed meant the end for Florida's original Indians, including those living along the Hillsborough River in Temple Terrace. While some Indians died in warfare with the Europeans, diseases for which they had no immunity sounded the demise of Florida's Indian tribes. By the time Spain relinquished Florida to the English in 1763, the original Indians were gone (by then Creek Indians fleeing from the north had begun to move into Florida where they would he known as Seminoles). Just six years earlier, Don Francisco Maria Ccli, with nineteen men from the Spanish Royal Fleet, explored the Hillsborough River north to near present day Hillsborough River State Park. The historical marker on the Temple Terrace river walk commemorates the party's visit on April 25 and 26, 1757. The Spanish erected a cross and named the area in honor of the impressive pine forests. Covington's The Story of Southwestern Florida cites an 1822 report that the Hillsborough River contained abundant fish and manatees, and that Havana provided a large market for fat from the manatees. While Tampa began to take shape in the 1800s, the area which later became Temple Terrace remained largely undeveloped Florida wilderness. In addition to the homesteader farming and commercial activities described hereafter, by the turn of the century Tampa residents and visitors ventured north to what is now Temple Terrace for recreation: to canoe on the Hillsborough River or to hunt. Gary 1\-lormino and Tony Pizzo describe in Tampa: The Treasure City, Henry Plant's hiring a "safari" guide to assist his Tampa Bay Hotel patrons in hunting quail, snipe and deer in the area. Covington writes that in 1890 James Strickland lived at Cow House Slough in Hillsborough County, where he cut cypress trees which he floated down the Hillsborough River to a Tampa sawmill. The Palmer family (of Palmer Hotel of Chicago fame), with extensive land holdings in Sarasota, purchased most of what is now Temple Terrace in 1911, which is where the first edition of this hook hegins. v

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AU the emly ciJ] o.l.ficiDls and nsitlen.ts of Temple Tenuce who worled so luud to nra1e ow ciJ] o plm:e we on prouJ to call ow home to ow Mll]or, Dr. C Bondi, Jr. who conceil'ed the idea of the fiftieth cekbi'Oiion, oU the members of the City Council, and other City o.l.ficiDls On the cover: The original emblem of the Temple Terraces Country Club, reproduced from a dinner plate now in the library; and the of'ticial emblem of the City of Temple Terrace, which has been in use for several years, but was of'ticially adopted by City Council on October 15, 1974. The original illustrations for this booklet may be found in the Historical File at the Temple Terrace Public Library. All photographs by Burgert Bros., Tampa; except p. 13 (Todd Spear), p. 22 (unknown), p. 30 (Frank Spear), and p. 56 (Temple Terrace News). Copyright 1975 by the Friends of the Temple Terrace Public Library 1

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS For the materials included in this brief history we are deeply indebted to the following people: Board members of the Friends who, with Mrs. J.S. Phillips as president, spent the two years of 1970-72 collecting Temple Terrace historical materials; The late Mr. J.M. (Jack) Bregar for his superb series of newspaper articles entitled "Out of the Past," which show so completely the many involved financial transactions that took place in the early years, as well as many other historical facts about Temple Terrace; Attorney Cody Fowler for newspaper articles he donated and interviews he granted Board members; Mr. and Mrs. Jim Quinn, who furnished us with a very complete list of early residents to contact; Many other residento; of Temple Terrace, including Mrs. J.L. Allgood, Mrs. E.M. Simpson, Mr. and Mrs. S.L. Smith, Mrs. Earle McCartney, Mrs. Harold Close (fonnerly Mrs. B.L. Hamner), Mrs. A.M. Schanz and the late Mr. Schanz, Mr. and Mrs. Bass Richardson, Mrs. Ruth Roller, Mrs. Vera Allinson, Mrs. Thomas Cureton and her daughter Miss Jean Cureton, Mr. and Mrs. J Lawrence Perry, Mrs. Allene Lockaby, Mrs. Ray Knopke, Mr. and Mrs. Bua, Mrs. A.M. C. Jobson, Mrs. William McSweeney, and many others; Mr. Ken Lightfoot, who contributed original abstracts and much other infonnation to our historical file; Mr. Frank Valenti, City Councilman, who has since 1954 collected much historical infonnation which he has been most cooperative in sharing with us; Mr. J. A. Burney, who has read many abstracts, helped us with legal descriptions, made maps and charts and made many trips to the County Courthouse to collect additional infonnation; The following newspapers, both mimeographed and printed, which have shed much light on the events of those early years: Temple Terrace Topics [printed]--Herschel G. Harris, editor, which was published for a few months in the fall of 1932; Temple Terrace Sentinel [mimegraphed) --John Perry, editor; Januarx 17, 1940 July 4, 1946; 2

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Town Crier [mimeographed]--Velma Lou Jerkins, editor; Jimmy Cravens, photographer and business manager; sometime in 1946 through April, 1948; Temple Terrace Town Crier [mimeographed] -Gaspar Bua and Ray Knopke, editors; November, 1948September, 1949; Temple Terrace News [printed]--E. Ward (Bud) Cole, editor; May 1957 through April 1963. It is from this newspaper that the "Out of the Past" articles were obtained The library has bound copies of this material. 3

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INTRODUCTION Three facts about Temple Terrace that make it a pleasant place to live and have probably influen ce d all of u s who cho s e it for our homes are: 1 The original d evelopment companies who plann e d and d es igned Temple T errace created a very impressive s ubdivi s ion that had a uniqu e golf course stre t c hing through mo s t o f the early dev e l o pment, nestling alongside th e big bend of the Hill s borough Riv e r in a naturally beautiful setting; 2 The early officials were so far-sighted that they were abl e t o resolve the many diffi c ulties that arose and were thus able t o save the muni c ipalit y during the d epressio n years when so many s mall towns in Florida were n o t a ble to survive; 3. Residents of the city during tho s e troublesom e years display e d a spirit of loyalty and cooperation on many occasions by coming t o the aid of the struggling young town b y donating their time m o n ey and materials. Since Mr. J M Bregar wro te s u c h a comprehensive account of the great finan c i a l s truggles through which the city was s aved from t o tal ruin, we hav e made only brief m e ntion of th ese matters. Instead, we have tri e d to place s p ec ial emphasi s on p erso nal recoll ections and w e hav e devoted mos t o f the pag es t o the activities of the r es id e nts of Templ e Terrace b e f o r e 1950. 111e original Temple T errace--before clearing and de Yelopme n t 4

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TABLE OF CONTENTS Temple Terrace: The First Fifty Years The Years 1922 .. 1923 .. .. .. ...................................................................... The Fabulous Years .......................................... ............................... ... Temple Terrace is Incorporated ............................................................. The Fi-rst School ...................................................... More About the Years ... ... .. ... ... ... .. .. ... ... .. .. .. ................... The Temple Terrace Arson Case ............................................................ More AOOut the First School ...................................................... .. ......... The Terrace Apartrrlents ...................... .. .. ........ .. .. ..... ..... .. ................ The WPA Again Assists t he City ............................................................ The Women's Golf Association ......... ........................................ The Struggle to Make Ends Mee.t .. .. .. ..................................................... More Highlights of 194042 ........................ ... .. .. ........................ Temple Terrace Church School, 1941. ........................................... .. ...... . 7 8 11 14 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Florida Colleg-e Comes to Temple Terrace .... .. .............. .. ..... ..... ......... 27 Problems Continue in the 1940's ............ ........................ .. .. .. ................... 28 The Civic Association ................... .. .. .. ........................... .. ............... 29 The Temple Terrace Garden Club ......................................................... 30 31 33 34 Notes from the Minutes, 1945-49 ........................................................... Gradual Growth in the. Early Fifties ....................................................... 1954 -The. Pace QuickellS ............... ............. .. ...... . .. Additional Churches Come to Temple Terrace ........................................... 38 New Service and Civic Clubs Organized ........................................... 40 The Temple Terrace Public Library ........................................................ 41 The Omar K. Lightfoot Recreation Center .. .. .. .. ........ ................................ 42 Our City Becomes the Second-Fastest-Growing in the U.S ............................ 42 APPENDICES: A. B. c. D. E. Elected and Appointed Officials, 1925-1975 ................................... 45 1926 Criminal Code .................................................................. 57 The City Limits in 1925, 1946, 1956 and 1961.. ............ ..... .. .. ..... .. .. 61 Bibliography..... .......................... ... .. .. ... ... ................ .. .. .. .. .. .. 63 Index ............. .. .. .. .. .. ....... .. ...................... .. .. ..... .. ......... .. ....... 64 5

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. i i _// Private Paradise! I of t>! I,. I .. u l \'X< H'Slnnt:d "()\\' ;,!) llo fut h u u)C'buildill:.! u1d i w .. h m l \ 1 , 1 o ) i tim e ,on d m i lliom..: uf < h t b r s h a ve l o in::u r t' h ... ... : ll'll , j T rro\(' (' I U llu h r:fl)r'l:oc2' .oft' t h ':' ,,. .. : t l lu1 r T<-r).oo'(' t luh\Vil h :he l nllint : : m ,,,, .. !(la.to .... Mth( p HI. hri d ll' iM lh..:. k n nis . onow-.. r r k-: ._-.ur l n h mmp: \ h lc. d rivr h l c,; n l,:_, -.t >l<''" .tlw ,., of h nhc. r dt'\'rl .. p ruc, l\1 .; ()n : : l.op H I P o. l o 11.Jol 1 .,,,,. 1 ... ; t "Tampa $ S uburb" A devel oper's advertisement (from Sunilimd, April, 1925 ) 6

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TEMPLE TERRACE: THE F1RSr FIFfY YEARS Although the City of Temple Terrace was not incorporated until May 28, 1925, and the first meeting of the City Commissioners was not held until June 27 of that year, our story must begin at a much earlier date. The land comprising the present city followed the same early steps as much of the land in Florida; that is, it was granted to railroads, turpentine companies, and homesteaders. Then, in the early 1900's, between four and six thousand acres were purchased by the wealthy Potter Palmer family of Chicago for use as a hunting preserve. (All of this property i s not located within the city limits of Temple Terrace.) The two old frame buildings on Florida College campus were used as hunting lodges, one for the family and one for their guests. It is probable that the Palmer family had erected stables and a few other buildings. In 1919 the Palmers gave a five-year lease to the Lyon Pine Co. for a consideration of $50,000. The Lyon Company apparently did not exercise this lease, judging from the size of the trees still remaining in the city. Then, in 1920 and 1921 the Palmer family sold its holdings in this area to W.E. (Bill) Hamner. For approximately one year, Mr. Hamner tried to sell this property and three times thought that he had succeeded. Finally, he made a deal with a group consisting of B.L. (Burts) Hamner, D. Collins Gillett, and Vance Helm These three men formed two corporations: Temple Terraces, Inc., to develop the grove areas from Druid Hills northward, and Temple Terrace Estates to develop the rest as a residential area. Officers of the fonner company were D. Collins Gillett, president; B L. Hamner vice-president; and V.M. Helm, secretary. The executive committee consisted of most of the bankers and other important business men of Tampa. Maude C. Fowler, mother of attorney Cody Fowler, was also a member of the executive committee and, as we shall relate later, played an important part in the publicity that made the subdivision famous during the Florida boom. Temple Terrace Estates was incorporated in 1921, and the officers of this organization must have been some of the same men comprising Temple Terraces, Inc. From 1922-1925, August Heckscher of New York and Mountain Lake, Florida, lent the former company $500,000. By 1928, Mr. Heckscher had taken control of Temple Terrace E s tates and had app o inted M.G. Campbell as president of thi s company. Meanwhile, Temple Terraces, Inc had become insolvent in 1926. A new company, Temple Terrace A s sets Co., Inc., had been formed by Mr. Hecksch e r before the meet.ing of the City Commissioners on January 23, 1928. The name "Temple Terraces" was derived from the development of a new variety of orange--the Temple--by the father of D.C. Gillett, owner of a large citrus nursery 7

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in Winter Park, Florida. This n ew v ariety was plante d in th e grove area o f the d e v e lopment where it thrived until a hard freeze in the winter of 1927 or 1928 wip e d out mos t of the trees, after which n eg lect did the r es t The plan o f d eve l opment co n ce i ved b y the two co rporations was m os t ing e n ious. Their plan was to se ll t o wea lth y retired coup l es from the Nort h hom es in the r es id e ntial area as well as grove p lots i n order that they would h ave a n incom e fro m th e grove and so m e thing to occupy their tim e. Before Christmas of 1921, so m e o f the g r ove a r eas had been plante d and sold. It i s probabl e tha t some of the r es id e n ces h a d been construc t e d o r at l eas t starte d THE YEARS 1922-1.923 An article appea ring in the T ampa Dail y Times, M arch 4, 1922 e ntitled "Temple Terrace Projec t One Year Old," offers proo f that the golf co u rse had already been l a id out b y the famous Tom B e nd e l ow and that g r ass had been p lanted The a rticl e s tates: This course i s uniqu e in s evera l wa ys: (1) it i s impo ssi bl e to s lice or hook the b a ll onto another fairway as no two hol es are parallel; ( 2 ) it i s p o ss ible for a gall ery t o f o llow a m a t c h in automobiles along a pave d h ig h way; and (3) i t co ntains eve r y kind of h azard tha t the s p ortiest co urse ca n b oast of, and a ll the h azards are due to t h e n atura l conformatio n of the r o lling character of the l and without artifi c i a l a id The f oundations o f the clubhouse hav e b ee n dug and the r etai ning walls f o r the first s t o r y are already set. It will b e a s teel and co n c r e t e s tructure and w ill b e fini s h ed in S p anis h missi o n s t y l e i n til e and s tucco. The house i s a Y -shaped building. The l owe r end of the l ette r runs dow n to wards the river and the other t wo wing s f ace the first and last h oles. In th e basement will be s h ower baths locker rooms and the headquarters for the profess ional and hi s a ss istants On the first and second fl oors it i s pl anned to have thirty-six priva t e r oo m s and b aths, a large s ittin g r oo m and lobb y with a m ass i ve f i r e place in the center, and a dini ng r oo m capabl e o f s ea ting one hundred fift y peopl e. 8

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Invitation to the first known social junction to be held at the Country Club. ,tlillnl41nnntl of 1ir.mtVU! '\C:PaUUtJ! ntdiallt! irtltitr I!OU to ultnil JlnU drl'rriag, tllltntJ!-fint niurtrrn ;mil ct' cl.lck We do not know the exact date this building and the golf course were finished and available for use, but it was probably in the winter of 1922-1923. We do know that a "Washington Ball" was held in the clubhouse on February 21, 1923. (This building now is used as a donnitory by Florida College ) Early pictures of the clubhouse made by Burgert and Burgert Brothers, commercial photographers of Tampa, show an impressive building with beautiful landscaping. The original Clubhouse in its early years 9

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We are indebte d to the T emple T e rrace T own C ri e r of July 24, 1949, f o r the following infonnation: In the early day s of th e bo o m Long Jim' Barnes, a g olfe r of international renown, was th e professio nal, and many of th e country's leading golfers gathe red here for exhibitions or play in some of the big tournaments that w ere held. The designers of the course used excellent judgment in going b eyond m ere numbering of the e ighteen holes; they gave each hol e a v ery appropriate name ... Tha t these names are picturesque and a pplicable can be see n from the f o ll ow ing (1) TOWER, ( 2 ) ROAD, (3) LIVE OAK, ( 4 ) OUT LOOK, ( 5) ELBOW, (6) RIVERVIEW, ( 7 ) S WING 'N HOPE, ( 8 ) POND ( 9 ) P ERFECTION, w hi c h are the front nine and comprised o f 3280 yard s of tough play f o r a par of 36. The back nine of 3258 ya r ds f o r another of 36, bear eq u a ll y appro priate and attractive names: (10) HOLLOW, (II) HILL TOP, ( 12) GROVE VIEW, (13) TWIN PINES, (14) PINE VIEW (15) TERRACE, (16) DEVIL'S DELIGHT, (17) HAPPY HOLLOW, and (18) HILLSIDE. Mrs. M aude C. Fowler did much t o attract attention to Templ e Terrace, and one outstanding example of her orig ina l i t y i s s hown by h e r persuading the caddy maste r J oseph Duhamel to dress l i ke the main characte r in a Broadway play and to call him s elf "Kid B oots after the name o f t h e play and its leading characte r Kid B oots late r became golf pro at Templ e T errac e and conti nue d to usc tha t name. In a dditi o n to hi s duties as pro f es s ional h e was a l s o appointed City Superinte .nd ent in 1931, a po s iti o n h e h eld until h e left T e mpl e Terrace in January, 19 33. A new spape r article of July 15, 1923, stat es that at that time se v e n h o u ses were unde r These were probably homes for ofticers of th e d eve lopm ent companies, and they probably cho se their own architects and contractors. Mr. and Mrs. B.L. Hrunn e r and their four childre n lived in the hous e at 212 Glen Arv e n which was built around an open court ( now e ncl ose d), but they left Temple Terrace in 1924 b ecause of inadequate roads to transp ort their childre n t o s c hool. Mr. D Collirtc; Gillett had a l ove l y h o m e built f or him a t 914 North Rive rhill s which Mrs. E. A. M cCartney, w h o n ow lives th e r e, says has many features ' e r y advanced f o r the year in w hi c h i t was built. Mrs M.C. Fowl e r probably lived in the H amne r h ome on N orth Glen Arven after th e H amners l eft Temple T errace in 1 924. H e r so n Cody Fow l e r built a large hom e at 313 S l ee py Hollow. Othe hom es built for the developers include tho se at 317 Sleepy Hollow, 208 North Glen Arven 306 Bullard Parkway, and 304 Midlothi an. A s one can tell from these addresses, the homes w e r e scattered throughout the northern part of the d e v e l opment. 10

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The developers also planned to construct 120 other home-; in units of 30. Theo;e were deo;igned by Dwight Baum, famous N e w York architec t of the Sanford White firm. Another New York firm, Bing and Bing Construction Co., was hired to build the hom es which were to be of hollow tile covered with s tucco. Roofs would feature imported antique tile from Cuba and Spain. This tile could be brought in duty free because it was certified to be over 100 years old However, only about thirty of these homes were actually built. Some were sold to interested people of F1orida, as well as to others from many states. Not all the homes built during that era were done by the developm ent companies. Some people preferred to buy lots and build their own homes. An outstanding example of the latter can be found in the one now owned by Mr. and Mrs. S.L. Smith at 322 Sleepy Hollow. This house was planned by Mr. M.G. Campbell, August Heckscher's personal representativ e in Temple Terrace and preo;ident of Temple Terrace Assets Corporation. It is an adaptation of an adobe house occupied by Mr. Campbell while recup e rating from tuberculosis in Mexico. Besides these home-;, at least two other building s must have been constructed at a very early date. These were the dom e d administration building at Belle Terre and Inverness, which then housed the offic es of the development companies, and a large sales office on Bullard Parkway just south of Templ e Terrace Elementary School. The sales office building was torn down many years ago. Another building that may have been in existence before 1924 i s the old frame building in the center of the city, now utilized as a city bam. During the feveri s h activity of the boom days it was a restaurant and so mething of a chamber of commerce. Prospective customers were brought from Sulphur Springs and, while at lunch, were given a sales pitch about the developm e nt. Many s tayed to spend some time at the hotel-country club, play golf, and look over available lots. ruE FABULOUS YEARS The years of 1922 and 1923 brought the beginning of the intense activity that gave Templ e Terrace its romantic history. Dates are not available for many interesting developments in this area, but we do know some of the events of the period known as the Florida Boom Years, 1923 26, or perhaps a few years longer Streets in residential areas were paved, storm se wers were install ed, sidewalks w ere put down, and an 8 -i nch well was drilled to provide delicious drinking water. A three s tory apartment house, a magnificent structure, built just south of the Temple Terraces Country Club. This building, so metimes called the Terrace Apartments and sometimes the Fleming Apartments in the minutes at the City Hall, may not have been co mpletely fini s h e d until many years later, because it has been 11

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said that Billy Graham carried mortar to complete the third floor when he was attending the Florida Fundamental Bible Institute in the late thirties A 225-room hotel nearby was also planned, but thi s project was never started. The building with the most interesting hi s tory of this era was the Moroc co Club, which at this date i s still being used by the city as municipal building. We know that thi s structure was completed by 1925, and it seems probable that it was built in two sections and the first or rear part had been completed earlier than 1925. It was of Moori s h architecture, had elaborate tiling in the foyer, and the ceiling of the main building was draped with bright-colored silk in thick folds. At the center of the rear wall in the foyer was a mummy case said to have been imported from Egypt. A huge fireplace and a s unken pool occupied prominent s pots in the back of the main building near the entrance from the olympic size swimming pool. In th e small room on the seco nd floor ( now used for City Council meeting s), which was the game room all types of gambling paraphernalia could be found. Huge sums of m o ney were won and lo s t there in a s ingle evening, and evening dress was required of guests. Mrs. Harold E. Close (formerly Mrs. B.L. Hamner) told us that her late hu sband, Mr. Close, built and operated the swimming pool and the Morocco Club before going on to run the Forest Hills Country Club. An article in the Temple Terrace Town Crier for February, 1949 gave the following account: Last week Paul and Pauline Kring r eturned to Templ e T errace for the first time since 1925 In that year, Paul was the band leader for the fabulous Club Morocco. Paul stated that the building was in bett er condition than he had expected to find it, but it was a far cry from the time when it wa s the mo s t luxurious night club on the W es t Coast of Florida. In those day s, champagne was the accepted b eve rage, and it was not unusual for the orchestra to n.>ceive $50.00 for playing a request number. A gambling casino flouri s hed in the upstairs room, and squab and pheasant came from the kitch en. The Kring Band and a floor s how were brought from New York via boat f o r the opening and joy was unrestrained. The famous R aymond Hitchcock gave the o pening address. Club Morocco was an early victim when the bottom f e ll out of the Florida Boom but in its short life many famous peopl e were entertained there. Paul Kring recalled vividly Babe Ruth, Connie Bennett, AI Jolson and a ho s t of others--not to mention the night officer of the day who rode in on the dance floor on hi s mule. When the end came, the band and help were not paid off. 12

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M. Leo Elliott, famous Tampa architect, told Mr. Frank Valenti City Councilman, that h e at one time helped do s ome of the carving s for pedestal heads to be used in Club Morocco. These heads have l ong s in ce disappeared, and Mr. Elliott unsucc ess fully tried for many years to locate one that he might purcha se. Famous s wimmers were brought in to take part in swimming meets and to give exhibitions. A letter from Mrs. E.B. Bradshaw tells of driving from Lakeland on February 22, 1926, to attend one of these meets, and she enclosed a s napshot she had tak e n She al s o sai d that s he recalled Temple Terrace consisting m os tly of sand hill s at that time The garage for the limousines of guests at the hot e l and rooms for the chauffeurs, which i s on Belle Terre across from the present Golf C lub building, was surely in existenc e from the very early days. This was later remodeled by F lorida College, and h ouse d Florida College Academy until a few years ago. Sometime before September, 1928 an existing h orse s tabl e on Woodmont Avenue was co nverted into a one-room s choo l house. We do not know whether thi s wooden building had been placed the re for use by guests at the Potter Palmer hunting preserv e, or was a part of th e promotion plans of the development companies. Eithe r three or four apartment houses of eight units each were constructed on or near the present s ite of the H e ritage Apartm e nts At this writing s urv eys have uncovered onl y three of the f o undations but Mr. Bregar recalled four. These building s pla yed an infam ous part in the l ater his t o r y of Temple Terrac e. The Bat Tower Probably everyone has already r ea d numerous articl es about the famous Bat Tow e r on the east b ank of the Hill sbo rough Riv e r which was constructed to house bats. It was thought that the bats would kill m os quit oes, a real plague in Temple Terrace in the early 1920's. So far as we know, o nly two other bat tow ers are in exi s t e nce today one o n Sugar Loaf Key in the Florida Ke ys, and one in San Ant o ni o, Texas. It i s po ss ible that as many as e ight of these towers were built in the United States between 1911-1925. Needl ess to s ay, the Temple T errace bat tow e r did not achieve the goa l d es ired by its build ers, and it is now in a terrible state of d ete rioration. 13

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TEMPLE TERRACE IS INCORPORATED Because of the rapid growth of the residential sec tion of the s ubdivi sio n, the two d eve lopment companies d ec ided to have the area incorporated. Through the effort<; of Senator Pat Whitaker, in the spring of 1925 the regular session of the State Legi slature passed the nec essary act, which was s ign ed by the Governor on May 28, 1925 The original area includ e d in the incorporation act was much larger than that compris ing the present C it y o f Temple Terrace. In fact it extended eas t of the river almost to Harney north eve n beyond the river, and south of Bullard Parkway, the west ern boundary was approximately one quarter of a mile west of 56th Street. The southern boundary was the river. An e l ec tion for the new city was probably h e ld on June 26, 1925, at. which time the following officials were e l ecte d : D.C. Gill ett, Mrs. M.C. Fowler, and C.C. Dickson. These offic ial s were s w orn in on June 27, 1925 and at the organizational meeting h e ld at the City Hall whi c h then housed the offices of the developm ent companies (and i s now Community C hurch Sunday School), Mr. GiiJ ett was se lect e d Mayor and Mrs. Fowler, Vice Mayor. At this tim e, and until th e charter revision committee was formed in 1955, these official s were known as Commissioners. At the same meeting, th e following appointments were made: Attorney, Cody Fowler ; City Clerk, W.M. Dilsaver; City Treasurer T. Jack; City Engineer, F.L. Greiffenberg; and Chief of Police V.I. Clark. The official meeting place of the Commissioners changed so many times in the early years that it i s n o t surpris ing so m e of the early minutes are either incompl e t e o r mi ss ing ent i rely from the at C ity Hall. At the second meeting--on September 15, 1925 --t he first ordinance pas se d dealt with a s p ecia l election to be h e ld o n October 3, 1925, to vote on a bond i ssue to purchase, const ruct, and extend a municipal water works sys tem, and to construct and extend a muni c ipal electric light plant. We mention thi s first ordinance merely to illustrat e that in any o rganization the first need i s f o r m o ney. Other inform a tion regarding this and future bond i ss ues and how they affected the city in the next f ew years, and the final solution to all the financial woes of the city are so well related in Mr. Bregar's "Out of the Pas t" that we shall m e ntion them only briet1y in the rest of this hi story By so metime in 1926 although the city seeme d t o progress at a seem ingly pros perous rate, there came the first indication that thing s were alread y on the downgrade. R eal estate s ales were n o l onge r increasing but, in fact had show n a noticeable decr ease In that same year, attorney Fowler took some of the bonds to be sold to B F. Van lngen in N ew York. When Mr. Van Ingen went to the b ank to borrow mon ey to purchase th ese bonds, he was told that the bank would l end no more mon ey for Florida bonds. From that tim e on, Temple Terrace continued to have increas ing problem s that w ere almost enough t o bring about the end o f the young 14

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city. However, it must have remained a pleasant place to live and to bring up one's children, and hopes ran high for eventual recovery. On November 6, 1926, the Commissioners passed a resolution establishing a criminal code for Temple Terrace. [Some of the provisions of this code are so amusing that we have included excerpts in the Appendix.] At this same meeting, a motion was passed that the city take over the operation and control of parks, parkways, golf course, and water system. For some reason, there are no minutes of the Commissioners' meetings from July 7, 1927, until March S, 1928. Mr. Bregar states that at a meeting on February 29, 1928, R.D. Hoyt recommended that a night policemen be hired and that he be equipped with a bicycle. It is not recorded who was hired, but we do know that A.P. Demott was sworn in on March 8, 1928, and that J.R. (Bob) Nelms was sworn in on March 22, 1928. Mrs. Nelms has told us that it was Mr. Demott, not her husband, who was the first night policeman, but that Mr. Nelms also rode a bicycle. Mr. Demott moved back to Georgia some years later, but Bob Nelms remained on the police force for many years and, for part of that time, he was the only policeman except for an appointed Chief of Police. In several instances during the depression years, the golf pro served as police chief and in many other city offices. On June 18, 1928, a resolution was passed creating the position of Fire Chief, but the first tire truck--a second hand one--was not purchased until Apri12, 1934. E. A. Fisher was the first appointed Fire Chief, a position he must have held until sometime in 1932. The minutes reveal that the city paid the taxes on the house occupied by Mr. Fisher in 1928 and again in 1929. When Cody Fowler resigned as Mayor-Commissioner in November 1929, because he was moving to Tampa, he offered to permit Mr. Fisher to live in his house if the city would pay the taxes on the house. By 1929 there was no doubt that finances were dwindling at a rapid rate, and the city began to cut the already low salaries of all employees. Practically no one paid taxes on the unimproved property in the city, and it was thought necessary to discontinue water and garbage service unless a remedy for the lack of money was found. This difficulty was resolved by citizens of the city at a mass meeting in which they agreed to the doubling of the water rates and garbage charges. Some also agreed to pay advances on their 1930 taxes provided that the money raised in this way would be used to continue bus service from Sulphur Springs and to pay the night policeman a salary. This is only one example of how our early residents came to the aid of the city's financial difficulties. On April 1, 1930, a resolution was passed that all outstanding bills of the city be paid with tax certificates if the creditors were willing. Some employees were financially able to accept this plan of payment, and when conditions improved in later years, they made varying amounts of profit from the properties so acquired. 15

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From 1929 through the thirties a number of people moved from Tampa to Temple Terrace, where they bought so me of the original houses that had been vacated earlier. Some are s till living here, and they r e port that Templ e Terrace proved to be a good place to liv e and rear their children. Although some of them were interest e d in golf and th e s wimming pool, mo s t were too busy with chi ldren, PTA, and other related activiti es. Certainly, mo s t of the chi ldren enjoyed the life here and hav e nothing but good thing s to say about living in this s mall town. The parents did have so me s ocial life, however, and communit y dances were held at l eas t once a month Some of these were h e ld at the o ld admini s tration building, but quite often Mr. Bregar would l end one of the unoccupied homes Mr. Bregar was a realtor and was responsible for the sa l e or rental of these homes, a sometimes difficult task. The ladies of the community s pent many hou rs cleaning, waxing floors and decorating for these dances and other social events. The r ear sectio n of our present Muni cipal B uilding (before 1925 ) THE FIRST SCHOOL In September, 1928, a cl ass of 17 children attended the first publi c sc hool in this area. It was held in a one-room convert e d horse s table on Woodmont Avenue Thomas Cureton, six years of age was the youngest of the boy s and his s i s ters Connie and Jean, were among the young est of the girls. Their father was on the School Board at that time and wa s instrum e ntal in getting the Harney and Temple T e rrace School Districts combined. Mrs. Dodd the teacher of thi s ungraded schoo l presumably lived in the room above the school. (The register, covering the period of September, 1928 -May, 1929, is still in the files of the Temple Terrace E lem e ntary Schoo l .) 16

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The second teacher, Evelyn Allgood (Mrs. J.L.), came to Temple Terrace in the fall of 1929. She was the only teacher at the school until 1934, and then principal and teacher until 1936. She did not at first live in that upper room but she does rememb e r living there one year during the time she was in Temple Terrace. For part of that time, she lived in one of the apartme nts in the buildings on St. Andrews (now Sunnyside). A later story, The Arson Case, will tell about an interesting experience she had while she lived there. Mrs. Allgood reported that the Temple Terrace sc hool term was never s hortened, as so many other school di s tricts were forced to do because the Harney School Distri c t paid a supplement to keep it open. MORE ABOUT THE DEPRESSION YEARS The thirties were filled with many problem s for the struggling city. More and more employees were being paid with tax certificat es. It was becoming increasingly diffi cult to maintain the golf co urse on revenue from greens fees, and taxpayers were asked to sugges t steps to in crease revenue. Moreover, the city bus, operating between Sulphur Springs and Temple Terrace for the convenience of household employees and caddies, was b e ing abused by unauthorized people not entitled to the service but who, neverth e less, were being allowed to ride. On January 17, 1933, B asil Brook was emplo yed as golf pro to replace Kid Boots who had recently resigned Mr. Brook was to be paid ten dollars per week plus the conces s ions at the caddy house. He held thi s po s iti o n until November, 1935, when he resi g n e d to take a s imilar po s ition at the Rocky Point Golf Co urse at a considerably higher figure. He returned to Temple Terrace and r eassumed his duties at the golf course in 1938, where he remained for many more years. Ralph Gower related an interest ing story about Mr. John ( Big John) Brinson, who at the age of 18 moved from Sou th Georgia to Fl orida. Hi s first job was with the d evelo pm e nt company building the golf course (1921). Hi s job there was planting grass, and Big John' s tated "T hi s was all hand p owe r and mule power. There were no dozers and tractors--ju s t us men and the mules." Except for a few months during World War II, when he was employed as a defense worker at the local shipyard, he has been with the golf course for over SO years. One wonders what pay h e r eceive d during the d e pres s ion years. (From The Score Card, October November, 1973.) In lat e 1934 and early 1935 the city had obtained title to the s wimming po o l property through foreclosure of delinqu ent taxes. The building the former Morocco Club, had not been constructed of hollow tile covered with s tucco, but of stucco on wooden laths, and years of neglect had left it in deplorable condition. The only hope of getting it r epaired was through the WPA. That organi7..ation agreed to do the 1 7

PAGE 26

work if the city would furnish $2,000 for materials. Temple Terrace did not have that kind of money, but a mass meeting of the residents was called and the problem was thoroughly discussed. As a result, the necessary amount was raised from individuals in pledges ranging from $25 to $275 and, in return, the city agreed to give a mortgage on the property so that the advances could be repaid to the contributors This group of residenl'i selected L.A. Grayson and Thomas Cureton as trustees. Later, Dr. W.P. Duncan was added to thi s group. When work was begun and the walls torn into, the condition was found to be worse than had appeared at first. The WPA would not be able to do the work for the $2,000 originally estimated. Additional funds were raised from loyal residents, and the work was finally completed after two more years. During the years the mortgage was on the property, it was under control of the trustees The pool was opened each summer, and the building was rented for private parties. By December, 1947, all those who had contributed to the fund (21 citizens in all) had been repaid. Again, the incident illustrates the great community spirit exhibited by our early residents and the wisdom of the city official s who took their problems directly to the citizens themselves. THE TEMPLE TERRACE ARSON CASE The three or four apartment houses on St. Andrews and Shadow Lane have been mentioned several times. These houses were built during the boom, but there is no record of their owners or occupants, or if they enjoyed a brief period of prosperity. Sometime during 1929 or 1930 they were purcha s ed by a group of four menAugustine Friscia, Marlo Perla, Peter Friscia, and Lewis Puglisi. Two of the apartment buildings on St. Andrews 18

PAGE 27

Mrs. J.L. Allgood, second teacher of the elementary school, and her husband lived in one of the apartments (probably in 1930-31), and she recalls that they were warned one afternoon to vacate the property immediately. They moved into Tampa that night, and the next day the buildings were set afire Mr. A.M. Schanz, who lived at 312 Park Ridge at that time, and Cliff Robbins, owner of the telephone franchise here, received prior warning of the plot, and went into one of the houses to retrieve the phones. They found wrapping paper, soaked in gasoline, all around the furniture. They saved one phone and then jwnped out a back window just before an explosion engulfed the entire structure in flames. In 1932, Gus Perez, operator of a furniture store in Ybor City, served as the prime witness in the federal government's trial and conviction of the four owners. He testified that he had partially furnished six apartments at a total cost of $1,200 but had given the four a receipt to make it appear that the cost was $10,400. The owners then heavily insured the furniture and buildings just before the fire. The defendants drew terms in federal prison on the charge of using the mails to defraud. Peter Friscia and Lewis Puglisi were pardoned sometime in 1935 or 1936. On July 25, 1936, Gus Perez was killed by an unknown assassin in one of Tampa's unsolved shotgun murders of the thirties and forties. MORE ABOUI' THE FIRST SCHOOL For a few months in the fall of 1932, H.G. Harris publi s hed a newspaper, Temple Terrace Topics. The October edition stated that the school was now in its fifth year, and that enrollment had increased to 35 pupils in grades 1-6. Among the names of the pupils listed are many family names that will be quickly recognized, including Demott, Schanz, Cureton, Nelms, Marsh, and Lane This same newspaper announced that a Mothers Club had been formed the preceding year for the purpose of cooperating with the teacher in helping with programs and other activities. In the following years this club extended its activities to include preparing hot lunches for the children, not only their own, but also pupils from the Harney District. Some of those who helped with this project were Mrs. S.L. Smith, Mrs. Thomas Cureton, Mrs. Bass Mrs. D .J. Lockaby, and others whose names are not known. From this organization the Temple Terrace PTA was soon organized, and everyone is familiar with the many ways the first school and future ones have benefited from the activities of the PTA. By 1934 there must have been at least 40 students enrolled, because county school regulations did not permit a second teacher until enrollment reached that nwnber. 19

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In September, 1934, Alberta Simpson (Mrs. E.M.), who then lived in Harn ey, came to Temple T errace to teach grades 5-8. Mrs. Allgood taught the first four grades until s h e l eft in 1936 at which time Mrs. Simpson became principal and serv ed in that capac ity until 1944. Since there were two teachers here in 1934, another room must hav e been added to the one room schoo lhouse. By 1937, the community was growing fast e nough to warrant addition of a third room. Mayor Bregar contacted WPA officials on that project, too, and in July, 1937, reported to Commi ss ioners that the proj ect had been approved No money was required thi s time, and it proved to b e an easy job compared to the repairs on the sw imming pool building The lot n ee d e d filling but there was plenty of fill dirt availabl e fro m No. 9 green, which at that time was being cut down One of the r es id e n ts, a Mr. Jim Hart, furnished mate rial and a bulldozer, while a number of others h elpe d with the carpenter work. In Se ptember of that yea r the piano was mov e d from the sw imming po o l building into th e sc h oo lhouse When the present Temple Terrace Elementary School was built th e Hill sbo rough County Sch oo l board had planned to tear down the old building but, e v e ntually, Mrs. William McSweeney, president of the PTA, persuaded the Board to reconsider. Since that time the old building hac; b ee n used to prevent doubl e sessions, for recreati o n al activities, and in 1974, extensio n classes for the Hill sbo rough Community Co lleg e were held here. The building is now designat e d the Woodmont Annex of the Recreation Center. THE TERRACE APARTMENTS The impressive three -s tory apartment building just south of the original Country Club, who se construction date i s not d efi nitely known, was first mentioned in minutes of the City Commissioners' m eet ing in March, 1936, when the C ity Attorney was authori7.ed to proceed with a tax foreclosure on thi s property. In June, it was announced that the building had been so ld f o r $560 to Florida Funda m ental Bible Institut e, of which a Dr. Watson was the head. This Institut e had o p e n e d in Septembe.r, 1932, at the o riginal Country Club. The s c h oo l was founded along the l i n es of the Moody Bible Institut e of Nyack New York, and was n o n d e n o minational The R eve r end J W. Van de Venter, a famous retired mini s ter, lecturer, and writer of hym ns and other so ngs, so m e tim es lectured here and was an outstanding citi7.en of Temple Terrace. He died so metim e s h o rtly befor e July 18, 1939, since minutes record a r eso lution of condolences to the widow on the death of her husband. Mrs. Van de V enter had served as City Clerk, Treasurer, and Tax Collector si n ce 1933. 20

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Billy Graham, probably the most famous student of the Institute, must have entered in 1936 since an article in the Tampa Tribune related that he was graduated in 1940 as valedictorian of his class. In January, 1937, the Department of Sanitation and Public Health was created, with Dr. W.P. Duncan as officer in charge. Two months later, Dr. Duncan reported that the health conditions at the Institute were very poor, hut no later report as to the remedying of these conditions is recorded. Sometime in the 1940's a Dr. Sherman Smith of Tampa bought the Terrace Apartments to found a school for the deaf. We do not know whether this school ever became a reality, but we do know that Dr. Smith rented some of the apartments to servicemen from nearby Henderson Airfield (now the industrial park) for a time during World War II Dr. Smith furnished the apartments with items from the hotel and hired a Mrs Menniger -sister of one of our present citizens, Ruth Moulton--to serve as hostess. Mrs. Menninger was unable to continue her work there because of lack of help. (More about this apartment house appears in the history of Florida College.) THE WPA AGAIN ASSISI'S THE CITY Minutes of meetings from April, 1936 to March, 1937, frequently mention the WPA project for rebuilding the golf course and decorating the clubhouse. It was called the "new clubhouse" in the minutes, and from some of the residenl'l of the city at that time we learned that the building referred to was the enlarged caddy house that stood on the eastern end of the site now occupied by the pool of the present golf club complex. Caddies at that time took over the small white building that stands at the intersection ofRiverhills and Glen Arven immediately behind the present No. 10 tee. Evidently the city did not have to furnish any money for this WPA project, but on October 20, 1936, a bid for $30.68 was accepted for wiring the clubhouse and installing street lights. On December 22, 1936, Christmas gifts of $2 00 and $2.50 for city and WPA workmen were approved, and the last mention appears in the minutes of March 2, 1937, at which time color schemes for the clubhouse had been approved and a progress report was given. We were interested in a brief mention of a plan to encourage play on the golf course called "Jack Pot," which appeared in minutes from February through June of that year. Rules for this game were to follow the minutes of the February 3 meeting, but we did not find them there. On June 21 it was announced that, due to a decision of the Circuit Court Judge, "Jack Pot" awards would be discontinued. 21

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1'BE WOMEN'S GOLF ASSOCIATION On December 19, 1939 a committee comprised of Leacey ( Mrs. Jim) Quinn, Mi ss Eukie Brown, Mrs. Basil Brook, and Corrine (Mrs. S.L.) Smith appeared before the Commissioners s tating that enough women were now playing golf and it seeme d desirable to fonn a women's association. They needed a meeting room and wished to obtain a lease on the upstairs room of the sw imming pool building (fonnerly the gambling casino). Commissioners wer e favorable to the idea but wished to consult the trustees of the property before agreeing. By early January, 1946, the trustees had agreed to a five-year l ease, s ubject to cancellation at the end of each year upon 30 days' notice. It was s tipulated that any furni s hing s put into the uppe r room were to remain the property of the associat ion but anything contributed for the first floo r sho uld become the property of the city. To cover the first year's rent, the ladi es pl anned two parties, proceeds of which were to be turned over to the trus tees. The organi1.ation had 60 members, many of whom lived in Tampa. Mrs. Jim Quinn was the first president, and active workers included Mrs. S.L. Smith, M rs Thomas Cureton, Mrs. Basil Brook and others who lived in Temple Terrace A picnic (and perhaps a sales pitch) on the Hill s borough R iver 22

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THE STRUGGLE TO MAKE ENDS MEET Clearing and planting the first groves Very little has been told of the various eco nomy measures used by the city to k ee p essential servi ces operating. Three examples will illustrate the resourcefuln ess of the official s. As funds were received from tax sources, s mall amounts were paid to various creditors, but no bills were paid in full and at no time did the city find it imposs ibl e to secu re s upplies and equipment when it was learned that the full amount would eventually be paid. One creditor accepted as payment some old pipe that had been lying outside the city barn for years. The biggest creditor, Tampa Electric Co., was mos t generous about acce.pting partial payments. A second example i s recounted in the minutes o f January 2 1940 when B asi l Broo k reported that h e had purchased an old truck for ten doll a rs and had used the parts to repair the fire truck, a tractor, and a pick -up truck. As a third example, water for residential use had been furnished at a nat rate of $2.50 per m onth s ince 1925, except for a f ew months when residents had volunteered to pay $5.00 a month to meet another em erge ncy Finally, a meter company was persuaded t o install two meters for a t est of actual household consumption. In July, 1941 the m ete r company agreed to install m eters throughout the city on an installment payment basis; thus metered s ervice came to the aid of some o f the financial problem s. No kind of econo m y was s ufficient t o so lv e the bigg es t problem facing the city during the depression years. There was no way the city could pay the interest due on the Park Improvement and Water Works and Electric Light bonds that had bee n sold in the fall of' 1925. A total of $860,000 in bonds had been sold. Through extensive negotiations with Mr. B. F. Van Ingen ot' New York, the city was able t o persuade him to accept city for the bonds he held, and also for him to 23

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buy Mr. August Heckscher's interest in Temple Terrace for $25,000. Mr. Heckscher's interests included 100 of the Park Improvement bonds, a nwnber of tax certificates he had accepted as interest on bonds, and a group of lots he owned here. Because so many municipalities had been unable to survive the depression, Congress amended the NationaJ Bankruptcy Act in August, 1937, to permit insolvent municipalities, through court proceedings, to present a plan for settlement of their debts when at least SO percent of the bondholders agreed. Again, complicated procedures were necessary to secure these agreements; scores of conferences were held; many trips to distant cities were required; and, finally, the bonds held by Ed C. Wright & Co. of St. Petersburg had to be purchased at $250 each--a quarter of their original value. Of course, the city had no money to pay for these At a mass meeting held to e x plain the situation, a group of citi7..ens agreed to subscribe for the bonds, which would be exchanged for city lots of their choice If po ss ible, the lots awarded would be those adjacent to their homes. On December S, 1939, City Attorney John McWhirter was able to report that the final decree of the bond settlement plan had been issued by Federal Judge Akerman on November 24, 1939. Minutes of the May, 1942 meeting record the names of residents who were issued deeds to lots in exchange for the bonds they agreed to buy. Only three of those listed still live in Temple Terrace, but mos t of the others were also important to the history of the city. Happy about having been reliev e d from debts which had seemed so overwhelming, Temple Terrace residents decided to cel ebrate, with a big party at the swimming pool building on December 21, 1940. Most were in formal attire, and it was a happy affair. At approximately 10:30 that e vening, Park Improvement Bond No. 23 was burned as a symbol of wiping out the debt Remaining bonds were burned at a later date. [Detailed accounts of all these transactions are related in "Out of the Past. '1 MORE IDGIILIGHTS OF 1940-42 Commission minutes of these years shed some light on activities in Temple Terrace during the early forties. In order to finance repairs to the pool building, the trustees rented it to various organizations for private parties. Some of these mentioned in the minutes are the Trianon Club, the USO, Rooks, H.A.K., and K.S. Clubs The usual rental was $15.00 per night On November 22, 1941, Mr. Thomas Cureton announced that Mr. George Macauley had donated $350.00 toward finishing the interior of the building. Mr. Macauley was a most generous winter visitor from Connecticut who was active in civic affairs and often donated prizes for g olf tournaments. 24

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Evidently, the Girl Scouts had b ee n organized before 1940, but fi rs t mentio n o f that org a n iza ti o n appeared in Oct ober, 1940 wh e n autho ri za tion was give n t o the Morocco R oo m for m ee tin gs. This arrangeme nt was s ubject t o appro val o f the Wome n's Golf Associat i on Eve n less i s d e finit e l y known aoout the B oy Sco u ts but in May, 1941 Mr. Lawre n ce P erry s ubmitt e d a pro po s al that the Girl Sc outs, boy Scou ts, and Yl' A form a co mmittee to cooperat e with th e city in op e r a tion of the pool At a l a t e r meeting that same m o nth, M rs. S. L Smith propose d t o the Commi ss i o n ers that the wo m e n o f Templ e T e r race be allo w ed t o r e n o v a t e the kitch e n o f the p o ol building. B asil Broo k w as as ked t o get a cos t es tim a t e on plwnbing and wiring, th e cost o f which was to b e m e t from the p oo l fund. This lead s o n e to wonder wh ethe r th os e meals of squ a b and pheasant m e nti o n e d by Paul Kring as having been serve d a t C lub Moroc co we r e prepared in tha t kit c h e n or if the y h a d b ee n brought o v e r from the Clubh ouse. It was in 1942 that a m o ti o n t o cons olidat e th e golf club sw im po o l, and other recrea ti o n a l facilities t o b e know n as "Temple T errace G olf and Country C lub was p asse d T h e original name h a d been "Temple T erraces Country Club," as thi s name appears o n a s erving plate use d at the first C lubhouse and on th e e ngraved invitati o n to the 1923 W as hin g ton Ball [Both th e plat e and the invit a ti o n a re in the libra ry.) The n e w organization was s till under cit y ownership and c ontro l. Direc tors appointe d w e r e J A W ehma n B as il Brook T.C. C r oss, L A Grayso n and W F Thompson The p ass ing o f thi s m o ti o n did n o t in a n y way r e li eve th e cit y o f the finan cia l burde n of the r ec r ea ti o n a l faciliti es. TEMPLE TERRACE CHURCH SCHOOL, 1941 On Oc t o b e r 19 1941 a Sunday Churc h Sc h oo l h a d been org a ni ze d in T emple T errace, m a inl y thro ugh th e effo rts of the Bo y Sco u ts and the Girl Sco u ts (ac c o rding to M rs B ass Richardson ). T h e firs t m ee tin g w as h e ld in the s wimming p o ol building with 64 peopl e in atte ndance. E l ec ti o n o f offi cers was held in D ecember of tha t y ear, and s e ve n classes were organi ze d Dr. C B Wim e r r e tired Episco p a l ia n mini s t e r w as the t eacher of the a dult class. The becam e the firs t c h oir, and in April 1942, a sunrise ser vice as h e ld on No. 9 g r ee n o f the golf co u rse. M o n t hl y picnics we r e h e ld and, s in ce trans portation to Tampa w as so diffi c ult a l most eve r yo ne a ttend e d thi s n o n d e nomin a ti o n a l Sunday Scho o l. The Churc h S chool m e t for som e time in the littl e threeroom frame building on W oodmont, but in July, 1943, th e Commissio n ers agr ee d to leas e the a dmini stratio n 2 5

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building of the two development companies to the Church School in exchange for repairs to be made, provided that the building was used for services. From the minutes of 1943, we learned that Basil Brook had purchased the annex to the Administration Building for $60 that it was 8' x 16' in size, and that he had given a check for $100 to the Church School to be applied on repairs. Since the present annex to the Community Church Sunday School was not built until many years later, there is no record as to what is meant by the annex that Basil Brook purchased. No one we have contacted seem s to remember anything about thi s transaction. The Administration Building wac; in a very dilapidated condition: walls were crwnbling, many of the windows were broken, and doors were hanging half off their hinges. To get the building ready for use, Mr. Harry Roller called a meeting of the Board to discuss repairs and furni s hings. Mr. George Macauley contacted Florida Bible Institute to get the loan of a piano and benches. Sometime in the fall of 1943, the Church School grew into the Community Church. The Reverend P.S. Sales, first pastor, served in this capacity from November, 1943 until November, 1946. In 1944, Reverend Sales performed the first baptismal service for the infant daughter of Corporal and Mrs. A.N. Dilar of Henderson Airport, who lived in the Terrace Apartmenl'i < i (' ' j . j Sales office/administration building, now part of Community Church 26

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FLORIDA COLLEGE COMES TO TEMPLE TERRACE Early in 1942 a movement was started by the Church of Christ to establi s h a college somewhere in F1orida. The school was to be independent from the church, and no contributions would be accepted from any church. Board members and the faculty, however, would be chosen from active members of some local Church of Christ. In October of 1944 the decision was made to purchase the property in Temple Terrace owned by Dr. Shennan Smith. The deed conveying the property to the college was signed on December 21, 1944, and was the last deed recorded with the Clerk of Circuit Court in that year $60 000 was the amount paid for the land on the west side of the river, and 179 acres east of the river was purchased for $6,500. At the time of the purchase, the once lovely hotel and apartment house had deteriorated badly Shrubbery had been allowed to grow untended; tall grass and weeds were everywhere; fast growing vines had climbed to the highest point of the building, and much of the furniture was mi ss ing or no longer usable. With only $2,600 available in February of 1946, preparing the grounds for the opening of school seemed an almost impossible task, but open it did in September, 1946, with grades 10, 11, 12, and the first two years of college. Letterheads originally carried the name "Florida College" but, in September of 1944, the name was changed to "Florida Christian College." The name changed back to "Florida College" in June, 1963. A s the college grew during the forties, fifties, and s ixties new buildings became necessary. The first new dormitory, Wilson Hall, was built in 1947. The following years brought the construction of a music-science building, the Pelican Pouch, C Donn, Hutchinson Memorial Auditorium, the Chattoe Memorial Library, Conn Gymnasium, and others. Original Country Club garage on Belle Terre 27

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In 1958, the old boom -t ime garage and home for c hauffeurs on Belle Terre [previous pag e ) was remodeled to accommodate the needs of Florida College Academy, an elementary school, thus utilizing another of th e original building s that had played an important in the early hi s tory of Temple T e rrace. Florida College Academy is now housed in a modern building on the east s ide of the river. Hydro ponic gardening i s o ne example of the college's unique meth ods of providing work for needy s tuden ts and for making it unnecessary to accep ts funds from any church or the federal goverrunent. The idea f o r thi s garde n was derived from a testing project carried out by the U.S. Armed Forces on Wake Island. The first garde n was planted on February 22, 1951, and in the first decade over 13 tons of tomatoes had been harvest e d It became necessary to e liminate the three years of high sc hool and the last two years of co llege in order to so lidify and improve the academic s tanding o f the college This was done in 1952 and in December 1954, the college was admitted to full accreditation by the S o uth ern A ss ociation of Co lleges and Schools. The b e nefits our city has r eceived from Florida College are many and varied. Not only has it provided educational and cultural opportunities, but also many of its officials and faculty members have served in city and county gov e rrunental offices and as officers and b oard members of the c ity's numerous c ivic and service organizations (A complete history of Fl o rida College is o n fil e in the Temple Terrace hi s torical fil e in the library. ) PROBLEMS CONTINUE IN THE 1940'S Althou g h many of the r esid ents mus t have ex p erie nced a s light ri se in personal economy when the U nit e d States ent e r e d W o rld War II, Templ e Terrace as a municipalit y s eemed muc h s lower in r eso lving i ts fin a n c ial proble m s It was s till a s mall t o wn; the golf course, whi c h was city owned, r e quired a large part of the city's revenue for its upkeep ; and much of city -o wn e d equipment w as badly in need of repair and replacement. In spite of these handicaps, neither r es idents nor city officials lo s t faith in th e future prosperity of the city. Exc ept for a very few i nstances the minut es o f 1944 and 1945 r ecor d o nly matters relating to routine operation of the city, the po o l and the golf co u rse. One s uch exception was a r eso luti o n t o s hrink the city limi ts which was pa ss e d in May 1945 This required an act of the State Legi s lature and City Hall files co ntain a copy of th e law, which became effec tive without the governor's signature on January I, 1946 The act describes the new boundaries of the city. Roughly, Temple Terrace 28

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was bounded o n the north by Whi t e wa y; on the eas t b y the riv e r except f o r a small area b e tw ee n North R i v erhi ll s and the riv e r b e tw ee n White wa y and Bullard Parkway ; on the south the ci ty e xtended 330 south of Riverhill s Driv e; and the western b oundary was 56th Stree t. By 1945 it had become p oss ibl e t o retire the bon ds o n the s wimming po o l property, whi c h h a d b ee n i ss ued t o resid e n ts who had advan c ed th e mon ey n ecessary t o make esse nti a l r e pairs to the pool building Trustees w ere a uthorized t o iss u e c hecks (approx im a t el y $1,800 ) to r etire the bonds At a s peci a l m ee ting on D ecem ber 30, 1947 the trustees gav e their co mpl e te and final r e p ort, and Judge L A G r ayso n and Mr. Tho m as C ureton were di sc h a rged from their duti es as trustees. THE CIVIC ASSOCIATION So m e tim e in 194 5 a g r oup o f T em ple T errace r es id e n ts f o rmed a n organiza ti o n known as the C ivic Assoc i a ti o n with Mr. J ohn S imm o n as pres id ent. I ts m a in purpose w as t o cooper a t e w i t h C ity Commi ssio n ers in bringing a bout n ee ded impro vem ents. Money t o ac hi e v e thi s goal w as r a i se d from m embership dues, w ee kl y dances, fish fri es, ca rnivals, and a ho s t o f othe r activiti es. S u cc eeding offi cers o f thi s organi za tion inclu de d almo s t all o f t h e r es idents during the 40's and SO's wh o had always taken an ac t i v e interes t in community affai rs. From the time of i ts in cepti o n one o r m ore o f i ts memb ers atte nded m os t m ee ting s o f the Commiss i o n offe ring h el pful su gges tions or r eq u es ting perm issio n to carr y out impro vem ent projec ts. The A ssoci ation's publication H i Neighbor, r eporte d on its activiti es, urge d people to v o t e, e xplain e d new tax pro p osa ls, and aided in securi ng greater community spirit and ac t io n The D Collins G illett ho m e at 914 R ive rh ills Driv e . i n t h e 192 0 's 2 9

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A his tory of the Civic Association is currently being prepared by one of its charter members. When completed, it will add a va.luable chapter to Temple Terrace history. Until its publication we can list only a few of the accompli s hments of that organization in its early years. These included: heat provided for the meeting room on the second floor of the pool building; ventilators installed in the building; public address s ystem installed; 110 chairs and 15 pieces of rustic furniture purchased; chlorinating system installed in the pool; $360 pledged on a street lighting system at the rate of $15 per month; flood lights placed in front of the building ; lockers and locker rooms repaired and painted; $15 monthly pledged to the Teen Club; screens and sc reen doors supplied; s treet markers placed and curb s igns painted. These improvements and many more had been completed by 1949, and there were only 38 dues-paying members; how hard they must have worked! On O c tober 8, 1947, the Civic Association was granted exclusive management of the pool and the pool building s ubject to the rights of the Pf A, Garden Club, and other community organizati o ns Lights and janitorial services were to be the obligation of the Association. All fees received from out-of-town group s were to be split between the City and the Association By the end of 1948 the building had become a center of community recreation, and s huffleboards and tables for ping pong, pool, and cards were made available One more item about the Civic A ss ociation will be included in the history of th e public library. THE TEMPLE TERRACE GARDEN CLUB Sometime in 1946 Mr. Simmon, president of' the Civic Association, decided that a garden club had become a necessity for the city and requested that Mrs. Earle McCartney take the initial s tep s in that direction. Accordingly, on May 25, 1946, approximately 35 women gathered in the summer house of the M c Cartneys, where the beautifully terraced and landscaped gardens nearby furni s hed a most appro priat e setting for the birth of the Templ e Terrace Garden Club . . and in /97 5 (fifty y ear s ha s wro ught some changes!) 30

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The first president was Mrs. McCartney, and other officers included Mrs. A.M. C. Jobson, Mrs. S.L. Smith, and Mrs. W.M. M cSwee ney Standing committees were chaired by Mrs. Ray Knopke, M rs. L .R. Wilson Mrs. J .L. Perry, and Mrs. Homer Howe ll. From i ts beginning the Garden C lub has concerned i tself with beautificati o n projects and related activities. W o rking closely with the Civic A ssociat ion, the club prese n te d plans in July, 1946, for beautification o f the grounds fronting the pool. A few months later, the city agreed to install wat er lines at the entrance to Temple Terrace on 56th Street to enable the Garden Club to plant palms and other trees there B es ides beautification and improvement plans undertaken by the club, there were also many nower shows, the annual Easter dances, and other soc i a l and civic activiti es. In the l a t e forties G Frank Bullard Sr., Di stric t 3 County Commissioner, had secured the planting of magnolia and palm trees o n the segment of Temple Terrace Highwa y between 56th Street and the Hill sboroug h River. He had also managed to have the rickety old bridge that spanned the riv e r on that hi g hway r epaired. Throug h th e efforts of the Garden Club, that sec ti o n of Temple Terrace Highway was d e dicated as the G. Frank Bullard Parkway in January, 1949. Bands, the Florid a College chorus, and the Garden Club participated in the dedicatory services. Mayor Gaspar Bua deliver e d the address for the occasion. The wooden bridge was replaced by the present co n c r e t e structure in 1955. NOTES ROM THE MINUTFS, 1945-49 Some of the ev ents of the second half of the forti es h as been covered in the last two sections. One item of interes t in 1945 was the l e vying of a two-cent per front foot assessment on all properties o n paved streets in order that grass and weeds could be .remov e d from and mino r r e pairs made to the streets. In 1946 s treet s igns were installe d ; the pool building was painted ; a n ew tractor and a street sweeper were purch ase d ; and the city found that it no long er had to pay its bill s on th e installment plan. In fact there was even a small saving s account in the city's name at the Spring s State Bank. During 1947, with the ass istan ce of County Commissioner Bullard and the county crews, the muc h needed repaving of city streets was begun. A major c hange in city official s came about thi s same year when Mr. H.P. Wardwell was appointed City Manager at a salary of $200 per m onth. He w as als o appointed Tax Collector, City Clerk and City Treasurer--po si tions which Mrs. Van de Venter had h eld s ince 1934. Basil Brook was reli e ved of hi s duties as Fire C hi e f and Chief of Poli ce, and Mr. Wardwe ll also assumed these duties. 31

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The City-owned property at Belle Terre and Inverness, less the portion occupied by city wells, was deeded to the Co mmunity Church in 1948. Two blocks west of Ridgedale were se t aside for playgrounds and, in January, 1949, were so designated by County Commis.'iioners. To h elp tinance the new playground and recreation center, the three City Commi ss i o ners City Att o rney, and City Judge offered t o donate their monthly s alaries. A small nwnber of new families had been moving into the city in these years (there w ere 80 homes in Temple Terrace in 1949), and so me of the newcomers expres se d se rious doubts as to the legality of refunding city taxes paid by United Assets Corp. and Mr. B.F. Van lngen and c rediting this am o unt to the "o pen account"--money owed to Van lngen by the cit y. Thi s arrangement had been mad e between Mr. Van Ingen and former City Commi ss ioners at the time he had agreed to exchange lots for bonds, thu s enabling Templ e Terrace to wipe out a bond indebtednes s of approximately $1,500 000. Mr. Van Ingen had also advanced almost $15,000 to d e fra y foreclo sure costs. No other city anywhere had been able to arrang e s uch an advantageous s ettlement, and a great part o f the credit s hould go to Mr. Bregar who definitely deserves the title "Mr. Templ e Terrace," as h e was often called. Few people now living h e r e realize how muc h the city owes to Mr. Van Ing e n for hi s continued faith in the future of our c it y. A s he expressed it to on e of the Commi ss ion ers, "I still lik e T e mpl e T errace and have faith in its future --if we work tog e th e r." The Cody F owle r home at 313 Sleepy H ollow in the ea rl y 1920's 32

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In s pit e o f the vociferous o bjecti o ns to thi s rep a ym ent of taxes o n property own e d b y U n i t e d A ss ets Corp. and Mr. Van Ingen ea ch year a majority of the Commi ss ioners voted to co ntinu e the commitmen ts made by their pred ecessors. The last p ay m ent was made in J a nuary, 1953, and s hortly thereafter the Van lngen holdin gs in Temple Terrace w ere purchas e d b y Lightfoot A ss ociat es of Miami. Wh e n titl e t o the holding s w as transferred t o Mr. O K Ligh t f oot, the tax c redit laps e d beca use there w as no prov i s ion for the arra n g em ent to be so ld o r transferred t o ano th e r party. At that tim e the ba.lanc e in the "o p e n a ccount" was abo ut $13 000 (Co mpl e t e detail s of the trans a c ti o ns c o nc e rnin g the b ond d e b ts ca n be f o und in "Out o f the Past. ") GRADUAL GROWTH IN THE EARLY FM'IFS A cc ordin g t o the fed e ral census f o r 1950 the popul a ti o n o f Temple T errace was 433 An a rticl e in the T amp a T rib un e o f October 2 9 19 5 0 i s e ntitled Templ e T errace, P o pul a ti o n 500, Said to H a v e Esse ntial s of Idea l Communi t y Advan tages li s ted in this a rticl e include suc h thin g s as g ood drinking w a t e r a good sc h oo l a n e x ce llent s wimmin g pool and othe r r ec r ea t i onal faciliti es and a number of b ea utifu l homes. It d escr ib es the school (th e three room build ing o n Woodmont) as b e in g on a par with o th e r sc hool s in the co unt y. This article conti nued, "The PTA th e Civic A ss o c iati o n and the Garde n C lub have rai se d m o n ey t o i ns tall th e b es t o f lighting a m ov i e p r oj ector, pla yg r o und e quipment and othe r m odem ess e ntial s." This article a l s o s tated that the ci t y had a o ne-man poli ce f o rce and a voluntee r fir e d e p artmen t The latte r was hardly adequa t e since minutes of the early fifties r ecord s everal instances when a Mr. Bennett, retired fireman from Tampa, made sev eral efforts t o r eorg ani ze the fire d e p artment w hile a littl e l a ter, t h e Civic A sso ci a ti o n di s playe d fir e fig htin g e quipment at o n e of their m ee tin g s to pro m o te inte r es t in the volunteer fire fig htin g program. T h e n in 1952 the Co mmi ss i o ners ag r ee d t o purchas e equipm ent r ec ommend e d b y Mr. Bennett. In N o vember of 1950 Mr. Brega r appeared b e f o r e the C ommi ss ion ers t o r e p ort that the C hurch of Christ would lik e to erect a building in Block C 5 facing Bullard Parkway. The y were advi se d t o s ubmit plans and s pecifica t ions, w hi c h m us t have b ee n a pprov e d s ince the f o undation for the churc h h a d been laid b y June, 1951. At tha t tim e it was di s c o v e r e d that the f oo tin g s w ere seve n o r e i ght f ee t n earer the property lin e than the prescribe d 3 5-foo t setbac k S in ce thi s was a n h o n es t error in informa t i on furni s hed b y the Co unt y Engin ee r n o s t e p s were take n t o correc t thi s mi sta k e. This, accord i ng t o our records m us t h a v e been the second churc h in Templ e T e rrace. Duri n g the d e pression years and up until 19 53, anyon e wis hin g t o purc h as e city owne d co uld make a n ofl'er t o th e Commi ss i o n ers,and rare l y was a n offe r r e33

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fused Examples of the unb e lievably s mall amounts paid are $300 for five lots in one instance, and $700 for three blocks. Sometimes a lot would go for as little as $10! Quite frequently this city-owned property was sold to city official s or early residents o f the city. When Basil Brook retired from management of the golf course he is quoted as saying that he had owned as much as 800 acres of Temple Terrace land at one time. Eventually, on April 21, 1953, the deci sio n was reached to take more time before se lling the remaining Jots, and to require bids on those to be so ld. Although several bids were received in the next few years, no more city property was so ld through 1956. The old wooden bridge over the river at 56th Street had burned perhaps sometime in 1952, s ince in February, 1953, a n ew concrete and steel structure had been promised. County Commi ss ioners suggested to the Temple Terrace of'licials that the n ew bridge be named for County Commissioner Nick Nuccio. The bridge was probably completed in lat e 1954 but, until that tim e, living in Temple Terrace was more like living on an island. A Mr. Edwards repres e nting Lightfoot Homes, told City Commi ss i o ners (in August, 1953) that h e was working under a handicap trying to sell Temple Terrace due to (1) approach, (2) lack of public transportation, and (3) lack of facilities. In order to attract pros pective new residents, Mr. Edwards s uggested that Lightfoot Homes be given 25 membership s in the golf club and the sw imming pool at one dollar each-these to be given to purch asers of the first 25 hom es in the city. Thi s arrangement was approved. About thi s time residents began showing concern that newcom ers to the city might build small, c heap hous es that would low e r the standard of living and the value of many fine exi s ting homes. The president of the Civic A ss ociation sugges ted s trengthening the building code to require a 1,000 square foot minimum in s tead of the existing 900. No immediate deci s ion was reach ed, but the Garden Club and Civic Association were asked to recomm en d two people each to work with one city appointed member to fonn a planning and zoning board. This board came into being in October, 1953, and as the discu ss ion continued, Mr. O.K. Lightfoot s uggested that the city adopt a building code s imilar to the one in effect at Coral Gables. Correspondence between the two cities d eve loped but Coral Gables advised against adopting its co de because at that time, the code was in litigation. Instead, Coral Gables official s recomm e nd e d that T emp le Terrace try to se ll home owners on civic pride, as they were trying to do there. 1954 THE PACE QUICKENS It i s impo ss ibl e to pinpoint the exact date that brought to an end the secluded rural suburban life that had las ted for almost three decades in Temple Terrace. Perhaps 34

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it came in 1952-53 when Lightfoot Associates bought the holdings of Van Ingen and United Assets Corp. Or was it in 1954 when many builders, including Raymond J. Suarez, Fred Nasrallah, Abe F. John, Omar K. Lightfoot, and others began to attend most of the meetings of the Commissioners? Or did the building of the new steel and concrete bridge across the river at 56th Street accomplish this? If it were none of these three, surely they were all indications of events that were to follow rapidly. Several developments in 1954 are of special interest in light of events that were to follow. In January, a letter from County Commissioner Ball informed the city that the county would turn over all its property in the "F" section to be used for school and municipal purposes. (The "F" section was bounded on the south by Bullard Parkway, on the east by Ridgedale, on the north by the Catholic Church property, and on the west by the land now occupied by the Temple Terrace Shopping Center ) A week later, City Commis.<;ioners voted to ask the Legislature to pass an act enabling Temple Terrace to deed 118 platted lots in the "F" section to the County School Board. This bill was enacted during that session, and it wasn't long before the new Temple Terrace Elementary School was on the drawing boards at school offices. Permission was obtained from County Commissioner Nuccio to pump water from the river for irrigating the golf course. All the greens did not need new irrigation systems, but work was soon begun on the others To finance this project, $8,000 in revenue certificates was issued, and city residents were given first choice in their purchase. The irrigation s ystem, which was in use until 1974, was completed and in operation well before the end of 1954. The rest of this irrigation project was completed by the club in later years. Several plats for new subdivisions were approved during 1954 and 1955, but we shall mention only the first four. The first of these was for one west of Ridgedale, which had been drawn up for Johns Builders. The other three were Herchel Estates for Mr. Nasrallah, Temple Terrace Gardens for Foster-Kirby and Dobbs, and Riverview Estates in the "J" section lying south of Riverhills Drive for Johns Builders. That part of the "J" section was not, at that time, within the city limits and Mr. Johns propo s ed to build a sewage treatment plant and install water lines for the new area. These two matters occupied a large part of the Commissioners' time and eventually, in 1957, the city purchased the well and pump belonging to Mr. Johns for $3,926. For some time efforts had been made to secure the establishment of a branch post office in Temple Terrace. In 1955 it was learned that, if such were done, a uniform numbering sy s tem would be necessary, and the names of some streets would have to be changed to prevent confusion with streets of the same names in Tampa. Some changes that may be of interest to present homeowners include: St. Andrews Road to Sunny s ide Road; Clifton A venue to Live Oak Road; Shadowlawn A venue to Shadow Lane; Dunwoodie A venue to Island Road; and Dundee to Dunedin A venue. These changes and inadequate street signs necessitated installing new markers throughout the city. 35

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From 1947 to 1955, a Temple Terrace Rural Station had been located in a F1orida College building, but on July I, 1955 this ruraJ station became a Contract Station. It was then locat e d in the grocery store owned by Mr. Thomas W. Bennett at 101 North Glen Arven. In 1961, at the request of Mayor Knopke, the City Council, and other citizens, the Temple Terrace Station became the U.S Post Office, Temple Terrace, Florida The present post office was opened in 1968. Realizing that the tremendous growth in Temple Terrace was d es tined to cause added problem s the Civic Associat ion -in February, 1955 --s uggested a revision of the city charter to add two commissioners. A charter revision committee was appointed and, after much study, presented a new charter calling for a Council-Manager form of government. The mayor was not to be chosen from among the Council members. The propo se d charter w as presente d to the Legislature on March 24, 1955, and must have been passed in that sess ion. A special election was held on September 20, 1955, to vote on two new Co uncilmen who would se rve until the regular election in June, 1956 Evidence of the number of new resid ents in the city was the building of the new 16room Temple Terrace Elementary School in 1956 This facility soon proved to be inadequate and during 1957 and 1958 additional classrooms were added, bringing the total to 28. Although the old three room sc hool on Woodmont was utili1..ed on numerou s occasions to avoid double sessions, those three rooms did not add enough space to care for the rapid increase in enrollment, and by 1962 a new elementary school was esse ntial. Riverhills Elementary was opened in 1965. The city, deciding it should get out of the golf busin ess in 1956, arranged a five year lease with a group of Temple Terrace Outdoors, Inc., with Mr. Dan Meyer as president This new group was accorded management of the golf course, the swimming pool and certain other building s and equipment, for which an annual rental of $1, 800 for the course and $540 for the pool was to be paid to the c ity. Officers and board members of thi s group soo n realized, however, that they could not invest enough for new buildings and repairs to existing buildings to make it worthwhile for s uch a short lease. Accordingly Temple Terrace Outdoors r e quested passage of an ordinance calling for a referendum to extend the lea se from live to twent y-five years. The refer e ndum held December 11, 1956 al s o presented another ques tion for voters to decid e--that of annexation of th e a rea known as Riv ers ides, the land s outh of Riverhill s Drive. Both i ssues were adopted by a large majority of voters, but the annexation was to present many problem s t o city officials for the next few years. Temple Terrace Outdoors had hardly begun its program of building and r e m o d e ling when another group of residents began to envi s ion a private golf and country club. Calling th e m se lves Temple Terrace Golf and Co untry Club, with Perry Gibbons as presid ent, th ey met in April, 1957 to plan an invitational social club offering membership to residents of Temple T errace and to a few individual s outside the city 36

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who had supported the golf course for a number of years. Letters were sent to residents of Temple Terrace outlining th e committee' s plan (It seems probable that thi s group included mo s t of the members of Temple Terrace Outdoors as well as some new members .) From the Temple Terrace News of October 10, 1957, we obtained this report: The Temple Terrace Golf and Country Club group met with the board of directors of Temple Terrace Outdoors, with Nonnan Dudley as President. At this meeting agreement was reached between the two groups, that the course would become private when three hundred full memberships had b ee n pledged In the meantime the building committee appoint e d by the board of directors, reported that a firm of e ngineers had completed a s urvey of the golf course properties. The surveyor's report d e finitely pointed to the lOth tee as the mo s t desirabl e s pot for the club building It was found that the hole would have to be s h o rtened very lilli e to provid e adequate s pace for a large s tructure tenni s courts and off-street parking The necessary membership s were soon procured, and from that time the golf course h as been privat e. The city must have reassumed control of the old swimming pool and it has been used in lat e r years by th e Recreation Departm ent of the City of Temple Terrace. Original B.L. Hamn er home at 216 Glen Arven 37

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. \..:-< "-: J Corner of Bullard Parkway & Ridg edal e (CC. Dixon h ome, circa 1924) ADDITIONAL CHURCHES COME TO TEMPLE TERRACE U ntil the middle fifties there w ere onl y two churches within the city limits, the Co mmunity Church and the Churc h of Chri s t. As more and more residents moved to Temple Terrace, it becam e not only natural but nec essa ry to establi s h new congregations and to build new church buildings. Sometim e in 1954 Mr. W. Frank Thompson proph esie d the extensive future growth of Templ e Terrace and persuad e d the Board of Hom e Mis s ions of the Pres byterian Church to allow him to find a s uitable plot of ground for a building. The plot finally se l ec t e d is the present l ocation of the Templ e Terrace Pres byterian Church. During the s ummer of 1955, about thirty people decided to fonn a congregation under th e leadership of Mr. Robert Byram and Mr. A.F. Johns. The new congregation met in the little w oo den sc h oo l building on Woodmont Avenue, but it s oon outgrew this building and was allowed to m ee t in the new bri c k Temp l e Terrace Elementary Sc h ool. The church was incorporated on May 16, 1956, as the First Pres byterian C hurch of Temple Terrace, but it soo n found that the name conflicted with the First 38

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Presbyterian Church of Tampa, s ince the mailing address of both churches at that time was Tampa. Therefore on November 25, 1958, the name change d to Temple Terrace Presbyterian Church. The sanctuary was officially opened on November 4 1956. Since that time, many additions and changes hav e been made in the buildings. One change was due to a disastrous fire on Christmas Eve of 1967, which se riously damaged the e ducational wing and the sanctuary. Extensive remodeling of these parts of the church was accomplished during 1968, and the d e dication service was held on January 5 1969 The First Baptist Church of Temple Terrace, located at 10002 56th Street, has been a part of the city since 1956 This church began as a mission of the Spencer Memorial Baptist Church and, for approximat e ly one year, it m e t in the old schoolhouse on Woodmont The first of four building s was completed in October, 1957, and was known as the Mi ss ion Hill s Chapel until it was officially constituted "an ind epe ndent cooperating church of the Southern Bapti s t Convention" on Sunday May 17, 1959 At that time there were 252 c h arter membe rs. Since 1959, five mini s ters hav e se rved the church; four buildings hav e been erected on church property and a pastorium in the Riv ers id e sec tion, all valued at $500,000; and the membership increas e d to 1,128 in 1975 In F ebruary, 1954, Mary and Basil Brook so ld the land they owned between Ridgedale and 56th Street to the Roman Catholic Churc h. Thi s pro p erty is in the "F" sect i o n just north of that owned by the Hill s borough County Sc hool Board. Corpus Chris ti Paris h was originally a mis sio n of Most Holy Redeem e r Paris h in Tampa, but on November 27, 1958, it became an independent paris h The first Mass had been held in February of' that year at the Mo s t Holy Redeemer Church, with 125 people. Soon afterward, a portable altar was built by Mr. Joseph Cappolino, and Mass was mov e d t o the Civic Center o n Glen Arven. Construct i o n of the church began in January, 1960 and the n ew church was dedi ca t ed o n November 6 of that year. Construction of the paris h sc ho o l began in April 1964 Additions to the church and school have been made s ince then, and a playground has been establi s h ed. The Temple Terrace United Methodist Church was organized in 1957 and also met in the C ivic Center until an interim sanctuary was built in 1959 at the present location on Busch Boul evard, west of 56th Street. Educational buildings were erected in 1962 and 1965 and th e present san ctuary was dedicated in Se ptember, 1970. The council minutes for 1957 and 1958 record r equests for variances made by the Lutheran and Episcopal churches on Druid Hill s Road. These r equests were granted, and Our Redeem e r Lutheran Church and St. Catherine's E pi sco pal Church must hav e been constructed during the late fifties and early s ixti es. 39

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[Note: Individual histori es for the last three churches are not available at thi s time but when completed, they will be includ e d in the Temple Terrace historical file in the library.] NEW SERVICE AND CMC CLUBS ORGANIZED We know that the Junior Chamber of Commerce had been forme d s ometime before August, 1956 because at that time the Council minutes s tate that the Jay cees had r e quested permission to s p o nsor the volunteer fire d epartment. Another m ention of the club can be found in October, 1957 minutes, when the Lions, Jaycees, Garden Club, and C ivic Associati o n planned a reception for the night of October 22 to entertain Dr. J o hn S. All e n presid ent of the University of South F1orida, a new s tate university that had been founded o n Decemb e r 18 1956 and was to be built near Temple T errace. The Temple Terrace Junior Women's Club was organized in March, 1958, by Mrs. John First with 61 charte r members, and it was f e d erated in April 1958 Projects to which the Juniors contribute include the Sunland Training Center, Dental Health Program, Lightfoot Recreation Center, Temple Terrace Public Library, and many others pertaining to m ental health, e nvironm ental conc erns, and cultural d e ve.lopment. Their one, big annual m o n ey -making project i s a musical pres ented ea c h autumn. On March 18 1959, the T emple Terrace Woman's C lub was organi1..ed and officers e lect e d at the h ome of M rs. E .K. Gober. There w e r e 26 charter members. S ince i ts origin, th e Woman's C lub has been active in civic s ervic es. Most of these pro jects have b ee n made possible from monies rai se d through publication o f the T e mple Terra c e Guide (a bu s iness and residence director publi s h e d annually s ince 1967 ), and from membership dues. One of the first major project s undertaken b y the club (in 1959) was the es tablishment of a public library. The old caddy house (lat er poli c e headquarters) at the corner of Riverhill s Glen Arven and Invern ess was lent to the club by the city Husbands of members were presse d into service to perform s uch tas ks as painting, cleaning and installing bo o k s he.lves. A w as h eld to purchase s helving, paint, and tables. Book s w er e donated by r es idents of the city; the staff was compos e d of volunteers from the Woman's Club ; and all expen s es were as sumed by the organization. Many other civi c and servi ce clubs hav e played and are s till pla y ing important parts in the life of th e city. The include th e Lions Club C ivitan Club S ertoma and La Sertoma Clubs, Chamber of Commerce (1963), Eas tern Star, Kiwani s Club, B us ines s and Profess ional W oman's Club, American Legion Auxiliary Optimi s t and 40

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Opti -Mrs. Clubs, and the Temple Terrace Polic e Benevolence Society So m e of these organizations are limited t o the c ity limits of Templ e Terrace, and s ome als o draw members from nearby areas. [Individual hi s t o r ies are not availabl e at thi s time ] THE TEMPLE TERRACE PUBLIC LffiRARY Two years after the library was esta blish e d b y th e Wom a n s Club, it had o utgrown i ts quarters and had to be mov e d to the City Hall building in April 1961. In January, 1962, an ordinance was passed to e nabl e the city to take over the facilities This n ecess itated the appointment of a Library Board, the first members of which wer e Mrs Roy L. Clarke, c hairman; Dr. Clinton D Hamilton M rs. J .S. Phillips, Mr. J ero m e A. Schine and Dr. Robert Z e tl e r In February 1962 the libr a r y becam e e li gib l e t o rec e ive books fro m the Hil l s borough Co unt y Libra r y Se r v i ce, and fro m thi s date the book co ll ectio n grew rapidly. B y 1965 it b ecame necessar y to plan f o r a n ew building Funds to purc h ase the land and construc t the building came from local state, and federal funds The new building at 202 Bullard Parkway wa.o; dedicated on April 17, 1966. The firs t unit of the charging desk had been bought by the Woman's C lub in 1962, and that organization was a bl e to save enough m o n ey to buy the othe r uni ts befor e the n ew building was fini s h e d The Friends of the Templ e T errace Publi c Library, which was organized in 1962, has three main objectives : t o purchase equipm ent not covered in the ci ty budget, to pro mot e publicity that will implement libr ary se rvices in the city and to coop erate with the city Libra ry Board. Since 1962, the Friends hav e bought many piec es o f equipment, furni s h e d programs of int eres t to the publi c, a nd collected muc h hi s t o rical data about th e city. So m etime before the d e di ca ti o n of the libr a r y the C i v i c A ssoc iati o n had become inactiv e and, at the Dedicati o n Serv ice, a check cove ring all the r e maining funds in the treas ury of the association was presented t o the Library Board The librarian used thi s money to purch ase r e ference books that are still in use. A bookplate, lis ting all the original memb ers of the Civic A ssoc i a tion who were s till living in 1966, was pl ace d in each book. So rapidl y has the library g rown s ince 1966 tha t th e building i s n o l o n ge r a d equate to fill the n eeds o f all i ts p atrons. T e ntativ e pl ans f o r exp ansio n are n ow under way, and in clude an auditorium that could be used for library programs and civic m ee tin gs. 41

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1'BE OMAR K. LIGHTFOOT RECREATION CENTER In September, 1959, Mr. O.K. Lightfoot donat e d land for the construction of a Templ e T e rrace Youth Center. This property located on the north eas t corner of 56th Street and Whiteway Drive, has more than 300 feet of frontag e on 56th Street and, at the time of the d onatio n was valued at $15,000, Optimi s t C lub members headed the movem ent to r a i se funds for the pro p ose d construction of a youth center and urg e d other civic and se rvice o rganizations to assis t Apparently, s uffici e nt funds for completion of the building were n ot sec ured in the next three years, and only the framework was finished. Then in 1962, nine civic clubs organized a group to be chartered as Temple Terrace Youth Center, Inc. A building committee was appointed in January, 1963 At so me l a t e r date, this organization must hav e changed its nam e to Temple Terrace R ecreatio n Center Foundation, Inc. By Septembe r 1965 the Omar K. Lightf oot Cen t e r was ope n e d to the public. Thi s opening came after many years of starting and s t o pping by several spons oring organizations and, wh e n it was finally completed, it was with the a ssi s tance of the County Co mmi ss ion. The C ity of Temple Terrace received the d eed to the Center in 1969 Much credit must go to a ll the civic organizations for their many years of planning and hard work that c ulmin a t e d in a mod ern r ec r eat i o n center that i s a real addition t o Temple Terrace. Some o f these club s contin u e d to work for many years to furni s h needed equipment f o r the Center. OUR CITY BECOMES SECOND-FASI'ING-GROWING IN TilE U.S. The s poradic growth of Temple Terrace came to an end with the tremendous increase in population in 1960. We do n o t have cens u s figures for 1925-1940, but in 1940 there were only ilS r es idents in th e c ity ; in 1950 ther e were 433; and by 1960 there were 3,812, thu s making Temple Terrace the second fast est growing city in the United States. One yea r later (1961), after muc h argument among city official s and citizens of Templ e Terrace, th e Fl o rid a Legi s lature p asse d an e nabling act tha t allowed s om e additional land to be ann exe d. Thi s annexati o n ( May 8, 1961) brought in s ome land west of 56t h Street and other in the north eas t sect i on, n o rthward t o Fowler A venue. The population that year, due to the annexati on, became 4 752, and al so brought the area o f the c ity to its present s ize 42

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The h ea t e d di sc ussions that prece ded thi s annexa ti o n were due to the question of how muc h land could be added and s till s uppl y esse nti a l services. It did not take l o ng t o realize that the ci t y budget was n o t suffi c i ent to m ee t a ll the n ee ds. There fore, on November 8, 1962, a $1,650,000 b ond issue was sign e d This money was urge ntly needed to provide a sanitary se w e r s y s tem and an improved water supply. thi s wa'> the first tim e in modern hi s tory tha t Temple Terrace had faced any majo r ind e btedness The years fro m 1960 t o 19 75 bro ught the bi gges t building boom of a ll tim es to the cit y. Banks, s hopping ce n ters, n e w subdi vi s i ons, apartment building s and many n e w h o m es sprang up all over the area. The U niv ers ity of S outh Fl orida, Bu sch Garde ns and plant, and d e v e lopm ent of the indus trial park w es t of the city added many n e w r es idents and, in 1970, the census s h o wed a population o f 7 347. It is estimat e d that 9 600 peopl e a r e living within t h e cit y limits in 1975 Many, nay more fro m a dja c ent areas use d th e Templ e T errace bu.'iin ess, cultural educati o nal and r ec r ea ti o n a l faciliti es. H ouse construction in tile 1 920's (on G l en R idge, from B o nnie Brae) In r ea ding the minutes o f the Counci l m eet in gs and vario us n e w s paper a rticles printe d during the l as t 1 5 years we we r e m os t impresse d b y the fact that Templ e T errace h as been confro nted throu g h these y ears with m a ny of the same problem s that pla g ued citizens and go v ernment o fficial s from the beginnin g o f the city's histor y. The problems a r e s till with us tod a y: how to prevent d e v e l o p e rs from ov erbui lding and how t o cir cumve nt attemp ts t o c u t m i nimum standa r ds of hou s ing ; 43

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how to provide adequate services to all how to control suc h thing s as juvenile delinquency, and vandali s m to the golf course, businesses, and private homes; how to prevent children from playing in the streets, speeding cars, dog s running loose, and other nuisanc es; how much more land should be used for various types of multiple housing and, should Temple Terrace annex any more land? A s we enter the Golden Anniversary year, we that early residents of Templ e Terrace, yielding to man's primal instinct to preserve and protect his fireside and home have endowed us with a heritage of pride in what we beli e ve to be the mos t idyllic community of homes and families anywh ere. Will we, who call Templ e Terrace our home today, continue the great work begun by early residents? A FiJUJl Nou: The collection of T e mple Terrace historical materials is a continuing project of the Friends of the Temple Terrace Public Library. Churches, clubs and individlUlls are urged to donate available histories of their organUiltions, newspaper articles, pictures, and re!JJted materials Any brief, written summary of recollections of life in Temple Terrace in the past would be of special value. These materials will be carefully preserved in the Historical File and will be avai!JJble for use in the library or may be photocopied on the library copier for use at home Correction of any errors in Temple Terrace : The Firs t Fifty Years is welcome. The original Clubhouse as it appear ed fifty years ago. 44

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APPENDIX A EI.ECI'ED AND APPOINTED OFFICIALS 1925 1975 Note: There is a more complete chart in the Historical File. More entries are given here for earlier years bec ause of the numerous references to those names in the tert Mayor-Commissioner: Vice MayorCommissioner : Commi ss ioner: City Treasurer: City Attorney: City Engineer: City Manager: City C lerk: Golf Pro: Chief of Police: Park Board: Mayor-Co mmissioner: Vice Mayor-Commi ss ioner: Commi ss ioner: City Treasurer: City Attorney: City Engineer: City Manager: City C lerk: Golf Pro: City Judge: C hief of Police: Polic emen: -1925D. Collins Gillett Maude C. Fowler C.C. Dickson -resigned 10 / 5 /25 Replaced by Thomas W West T. Jack Cody Fowler F L Greiffenberg Robert D. Hoyt--office create d 12 /3/25 W.M. Dilsaver Joseph Duhamel (Kid Boots) V.I. C lark [first city appointed board] -1926D. Collins Gillett--resigned 2 / 28 Replaced by Cody Fowler Maude C. Fowler--resigned 3 /28 R obert D. Hoyt C.C. Di c kso n --resigned 12 / 6 /26 Replaced by F.M. Van Dyke Cody Fowler--replaced 3/5/28 by L.A. Grayson F.L. Greiffenberg [no further mention of this office until 1964] Robert D Hoyt W.M. Dilsaver Kid Boots W.M. Dilsaver--appointed 7 /2 1/26 R.L. Fo ster A.P. D e Mottsworn in 3/5/28 J,R. (B ob) Nelms--sworn in 3/22/28 45

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11u original developers. Only four have been positively identified : the lady is Maude C. Fowler; the man directly behind her hat, R .D. Hoyt; man at right in front row (with mustache), Carlton Cone; and the man directly be hind Cone's right s houlder, D Collins Gillett. EI.ECI"ED AND APPOINTED OmCIALS (Continued) Mayor-Co mmi ssioner: Vice Mayor-Commissioner: Commis.'iioner: City Treasurer: City Attorney: City Manager: City C l erk: Golf Pro: City Judge: Chief of Police: Fire C hi ef: -1928Cody Fowler--resigned 10/8/29 R e pl ace d by Frank C. Maas G.C. R o bey -resigned 1 2/3 1 / 28 R e plac e d by J M. (Jac k ) Bregar R D Hoyt F M. Van Dyke L.A. Grayson--resigned 10/21/29 Replaced by Cody Fowler ; later repla ced by O.R. Bie R D H oy t--r es ign e d 3 /18/ 30 R e pla ce d by J.M Bregar W.B Van D y ke Kid Booto; W M. Dilsaver--resigned S/20/29 R e pla ced by J.M. Bregar R.L. Fo s t e r E.A. Fis h e r --o ftice crea t e d 6 /18/28 46

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ELECTED AND APPOINTED OmCIALS (Continued) MayorCommissioner: Vice MayorCommi ss ioner: Commissioner: City Treasurer: City Attorney: City Manager: City C l erk: Golf Pro: City Judge: Chi e f of Police: Fire C hief: MayorCo mmi ss ioner : Vice M ayo r-Commission e r : Commi ss ioner: City Treasurer: City Attorne y : City M a nager: City C l erk: Golf Pro: City Judge: Chief of Police : Fire C hi e f: -1930 -Thomas Cureton--resigned 2 / 21/31 A M. Schanz named mayor A.M Schanz--replaced b y F.C. Maas 2 /31 F.C. Maas-H .G. Harris appointed 2 / 31 to assume vacant position on Commission W B Van Dyke O.R. Dieresigned same month; replaced by L e Roy Allen and later by L A.Grayson J.M. Bregar--resigned 2 / 17 /3 1 ; Kid Boots appo int e d t o fill thi s po s iti o n F.M. Van D y ke Kid Bo o ts W.M. Dil save r repla ce d 12 /l/31 by F M. Van Dyke H.G. Harris E A Fi sher -1932A M. Sc hanz H.G. Harris A.H Andrews F.M. Van Dyke--resigned 11121/33 R e pla ced by Carolyn V a n d e Venter John McWhirter Kid Boots (ca lled City Superintendent) W B Van Dyke--resign e d 11/ 21/33 Repla ce d b y Basil Brook Kid Boot s-resigned 1117/33 R e pla ce d by Basil Brook F M Van Dyke--resign e d 11/2 1 /3 3 R e pla ce d by Basil Bro o k H.G. Harris H.G. Harris [no further menti o n of thi s o fli ce until 1942] 47

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ELECTED AND APPOINTED OFF1CIALS (Continued) Mayor Commi ss ioner: Vice Mayor -Co mmission er: Commi ss i o n er: City Treasurer: City Attorney: City Manager : City Clerk: G olf Pro: C hief of Pol ice: M ayo r-Commi ss ioner: Vice Mayor-Commissioner: C . o mmass10ner: City Treasurer: City Attorney: City Clerk: Golf Pro: C h ief of P o li ce: Mayor-Commi ss i o n e r : Vice Mayor -Co mmi ss ion e r : Co mmi ss ion e r : City C lerk & Treasurer: City Attorney: Golf Pro: C hief of P olice: M ayo r -Co mmi ss ioner : Vi ce Mayor -Co mmi ss ion e r : Commiss ion er: 1934J .M. Bregar S. L. (L es t er) Smith Jim Quinn Carol y n Va n d e Venter John M cWhirte r [No name given; probably Basil Broo k) Basil Brook B as il Broo k -r es igned 1 1/1/35 Repla ce d by Fre d Best B asil Brook 19 3 6 J M. Bregar S. L Smith Fred Best Carol y n Van d e Venter J W. M cWhirte r Carolyn Van de Vent e r Llo y d S p arrow Fred B est -1938-J M Brega r S.L. Smith Fred Best Carolyn V a n d e Vent e r J W. M cWhirter Basil Broo k Fred Best 1940 J M Bregar S.L. Smith Fred B est-r es igned 5/9/42 Repla ce d by L.A. Grays o n [one m o nth] 48

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EI.ECI'ED AND APPOINTED OFF1CIALS (Continued) 1940 (Co ntinu e d ) City C l erk & Treasurer: City Attorney : City M a nag e r : G olf Pro: Chi e f o f P o li ce : M ayo r -Commiss i o n e r : Vi ce Ma yo r -Co mmi ss i o n e r : Co mmi ss i o n e r : City C l erk & Treasurer: City Att orne y : City M a nag er: G o lf Pro: C hi e f o f Poli c e : Fire C hi e f : Mayor-C ommi ss ion e r : Vic e M ayo r Commi ss i o n e r : C o mmi ss i o n er: City C l erk & Treasurer: City At torney: C ity Manager: Golf Pro: Chief of Poli c e: Fire C hi ef: Mayor-Commi ss ioner : Vic e M ayorCommi ss ion e r : Commi ss i o n e r : Carolyn V a n de Venter J W M cWhirter-r es ign e d o n e w ee k later R e pla ce d by L A Grayso n Basil Broo k [ first menti o n o f thi s po s ition s inc e 19 32} Basil Broo k Fred B es t 1942 S. L S m ith R H arry R o ller Julian D ow ling Caro lyn Van de Venter L.A. Grayson Basil Bro ok B asil B r o o k R H Roll e r Basil Broo k -1944S.L. Smith R.H. R olle r Julia n Do w ling Caro l y n Van d e Venter L.A. G r ayso n Basil Broo k Basil Broo k Julian D o wling Basil Broo k -1946 S L Smith Earle A M cC artney R H R olle r -resign e d 9 / 47 Repla ce d by L A. Grays on 49

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ELECI'ED AND APPOINTED OFF1CIALS (Continued) 1946 (Co ntinu e d ) City C lerk & Treasure r : C ity Attorney: City M a n age r : Golf Pro: C hi ef of Police & Fire C hi ef: Mayor -C ommi ss i oner: Vice Mayor-Commi ss ioner: Commi ss i oner: City C l erk & Treasurer: City M a nager : City Attorney: Golf Pro: City Judge: Mayor-Commissioner: Vice M ayo r -Commiss ion er: Commiss ioner : City Attorney: City C lerk Manager & Treasurer: Golf Pro: MayorCommiss i o n e r : Vice Mayor Commi ss ion e r : Co mmi ss i oner: City Attorney C ity C l erk, Manager & Treasurer: Golf Pro: City Judge: Carolyn Van de Vent e r R e pl ace d by H.P. Wardwe ll 8 / 1/47 L A Grayson B asi l Brook Repl aced b y H P Wardwell 8 /l/4 7 B asil Brook Basil Brook Repl ace d by H.P. Wardwell 8/l/47 1948 Gasper Bua O H H owell Ray Kno pk e H P W ardwe ll H.P. Wardwell R.J. Duff Basil Broo k Haro ld Maeder appointed 1/ 4 / 48 -1950 Gasper Bua Ray Knopke J oseph Cappolino R.j. Duff H P Wardwell Brook 1952 -Gaspe r Bu a J ose ph Ca pp o lin o Ray Kn o pk e R J Duff H P Wardwell Basil Brook J osephS. Johnson [no further m e ntion of thi s office until 1956] 5 0

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EI.ECTED AND APPOINTED OFFCIALS (Continued) Mayor-Commissioner: Vice Mayor-Commissioner: Commissioner: City Attorney: City Clerk, Manager & Treasurer: Golf Pro: -1954Joseph Cappolino Ray Knopke Gasper Bua R.J. DuiT H.P. Wardwell Basil Brook [last mention of this office] Note: A revised charter in 1955 necessitated a special election in September 1955, to add two more Commissioners, separote the office of Mayor, and redesignate the City Commission as the City Council. See page 36 for related details. Mayor: Council Members: City Clerk, Manager & Treasurer: City Attorney : Mayor: Council Members: City Clerk, Manager & Treasurer: City Attorney: City Judge: Police Chief: Mayor: Council Members: Acting City Manager: City Attorney: City Judge: -1955Joseph Cappolino Ray Knopke, Gasper Bua, Walter McCarley, Roland Lewi s Frank Porter H.P. Wardwell George McDowell -1956Ray Knopke Walter McCarley, Roland Lewis, Frank Porter, Joseph Cappolino, Gasper Bua H.P. Wardwell [Col. Frank B. Moses appointed assistant 10/15/57] Delbert MacLaughlin E. Barton Thompson--appointed 1155/56 Paul Cappolino -appointed 9 / 20/57 -1958Ray Knopke Frank Porter, Walter McCarley, Joseph Schwalke, Roland Lewis, James Rodgers [Mr. Rodgers died in ollice; Dan Meyer appointed to replace him] Col. Frank B. Mo ses Delbert McLaughlin E Barton Thompson 51

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ELECfED AND APPOINTED OWICIALS (Continued) Mayor: Council Members: City Clerk & Manager: City Attorneys: City Judge: Mayor: Counci l Members: City C lerk & Manager: City Attorney: City Judge: Mayor: Council Members: City Manager: City C l erk: City Attorney: City Judge: Police C hief: Fire Chief: Consulting Engineers: Mayor : Council Members: -1960Ray Knopke Joseph Schwalke, Roland Lewis, Richard Buckingham, Nonnan S. Dudley, Walter McCarley Col. Frank B Moses McEwen and Cason E. Barton Thompson Replaced by E.W. Borden 10 / 17 / 61 -1962 George Fee Joseph Schwa lke Paul Koening, Frank Valenti, Thomas Garrard, Roland Lewis Col. Frank B. Moses James McEwen J.C. C heatwood -1964George Fee Roland Lewis, W.A. Spamer, Tom Garrard, Frank Valenti, Paul Koening Joseph Schwalke Repla ce d by Col. Charles E. Bear ( 1965 ) Audrey Turner James M cEwe n E.W. B o rden, Jr. Howard Locke G.E. Thayer Watson & Co. 1966Georg e Fee Tom Garrard, Roland L e wis, Frank Valenti, William A. Spamer, Patrick J. Leatherby 52

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EI.ECI'ED AND APPOINTED OmCIALS (Continued) 1966 (Co ntinued ) City Manager: City C l erk: City Attorney: City Judge: Poli ce C hi ef: Fire C hi ef: City Engineer: Mayor: Council Members: City Manager: City C l erk: City Attorney: City Judge: Chief o f Police : Fire C hi ef: City Engineer: Mayor: Council Members: City Manager: City C l erk: City Attorney: City Judge: Chief o f Poli ce: Fire C hi e f : City Engineer: Col. Charles E. Bear Audr ey G. Turner James McEwen E .W. Bord en, Jr. Howard Locke James W. Bailey Paul Tomasino 1968 George Fee Roland Lewis [resigned 12 / 3 1 /68; r e placed by Bob F. Owen], Frank Valenti, Tom Garrard, William A. Spamer, Frank Bullard Col. Charles E. Bear Audrey G. Turner James McEwen E.W. Borden Jr. Howard Lock e James W B a iley Paul Tomasino -1970George Fee Tom Garrard, W. Frank Bullard, Frank Valenti, Joseph C. B o ndi Jr., Bob F. Owen Col. Charles E. Bear [retir e d 1971] R e pl aced by William B Nungester Audrey G. Turner [resign e d 1971] R e pl ace d b y Camille Black James McEwen E.W. B o rden Jr. Howard Locke [resigned 1971] Repla ce d by Robert Childers James W. Bailey Paul Tomasino 53

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ELECI'ED AND APPOINTED OFFICIALS (Continued) Mayor: Counci l Members: City M a n age r : Cit y C l erk: City Att o rney : Chief of Police: Fire C hi e f : City E n g in ee r : Mayor: Counc il Memb e rs: C ity M a n age r : City C l erk: City Att orney: C hi e f o f P o li ce: Fire C hi e f : City Engineer: 1972 -Georg e Fee W Frank Bullard, Frank V a l e nti Tom G arrard, Bob F Owen, Joseph C. Bondi, Jr. William B Nung ester Camill e Bla c k James M cE w e n [retired 2174 ] Repla ce d by Theodore C Taub Robert H. Childers [resigned S / 72] R e pl ace d by Thomas W e b s t e r james W B a il ey Paul T o m as in o 19 7 4 -Dr. Jose ph C. Bondi, Jr. Frank Val e nti Bob F Owe n Audrey Turne r N a n cy Sev e r T o m Garrard William B Nunges t e r C amill e (Black ) Jones Theo d ore C. Taub Thom as W e b s t e r James W Bail e y Paul Tomasino 54

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MEETING PLACES OF CITY OFFICIALS May, 1925-September, 1926: Offices of the development companies at Belle Terre and Inverness [ see photo on page 26). In the early minutes this was designated as "C ity Hall." September 6, 1926 September 20, 1932: One room of the Macauley house on Temple Terrace Highway (now Bullard Parkway). [House has been torn down.) September 20, 1932-?: Caddy House. Sometime later : Recreation building; now known as Municipal Center." Some early residents hav e mentioned that meeting s were so metimes held at Bennett's Grocery at Glen Arven and Temple Terrace Highway, and also at the City Bam on King s way Drive [not verifi e d]. Entries given in the chart of officia l s are taken from the minutes of Commissioners and Council Members and from a lis t kept by fonner City C l erk Audrey G Turner. When there is no nam e given for an office, it i s probable that one of the Commissioners or Council Members assum e d the duties for that office. 55

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The Volunteer Fire Department and city official s in 1959 (building is now t he City Barn.) Front row: Larry Wardwell City Manager ; Bill McCuean Fire Chief; Peter Sarkan, Fire Mar s hall, Bert Thay er, Captain; King s ley Briggs, Captai n; Andrew Duncan, Assistant Chief; Ray C Knopke Ma yor. Back row: J errell Cook, James Walk er, Col. Frank Moses Ass istant City Manager ; Richard Pate, J ohn Akers, Fred Whisenhunt, R ic hard Pfarr Vere Brunbaugh Thoma s Kettn er J ack Mier, James Bryan P W Pr esley, Tom Thomas. 56

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API"ENDIX B 1926 CRIMINAL CODE Section 1. It shall be unlawful for any person to carry concealed on or about his person any dirk, pistol, revolver, bowie-knife, sword-cane, razor, slingshot, billy club, or other dangerous weapon or except a pocket knife, no blade of which shall be more than three inches in length. Section 2. Vagrancy shall be and the same is hereby prohibited within the City of Temple Terrace. All able-bodied male persons over the age of eighteen years, who are without means of support and remain in idleness, shall be deemed vagrants. Section 3. Any person violating the provisions of the two preceding sections, shall upon conviction thereof, be punished by a fine of not less than $100.00, or imprisonment in the City jail for a period not exceeding 60 days. Section 4. It shall be unlawful for any person, firm or corporation and/or their agents, representatives or employees to scatter upon any street of the City of Temple Terrace any and all leaflets, posters, bills, or other loose of paper constituting advertising matter or to affix such leaflets, posters, bills or other loose sheets of paper on any public place along or on the alleys or sidewalks of the City so that the same may be scattered by the wind. Section 6. It shall be unlawful for any person either maliciously or negligently to destroy or in any manner to injure or interfere with any property belonging to another of any kind or character or to il\jure, destroy or deface any public building, shrubbery, flowers or other public property within the limits of the City of Temple Terrace. Section 8. It shall be unlawful for any person to appear in the public streets of the said city, or any public house within the limits thereof in a state of intoxication. Section 9. It shall be unlawful for any person to use in any public street, or in any other public place within the limits of said city any profane or vulgar language, or any language tending to promote or incite a breach of the public peace. Section 11. Any person disturbing the public peace by committing an assault, or assault and battery upon any person or persons in any street, square or other public place, or place of general resort or in any private dwelling house or other private building within the limits of the City of Temple Terrace, shall upon conviction thereof, he fined not less than $5.00 nor more than $25.00, or imprisoned not more than 15 days. *Omitted section numbers following provide for similar penalties. 57

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Sedioo ll. Any person di s turbing the peace by engaging in or promoting or encouraging, aiding or abetting any light, riot noise or disorderly proceeding in any street, s quare, or other public place, or plac e of general resort or in any dwelling house or other private building within the corporate limits of said city, shall upon conviction thereof be lined not less than $1.00 or more than $20.00, or imprisoned not more than 10 days, or both lined and imprisoned at the discretion of the Court. Section 13. Whoever over drives overl oads, or over-works any domestic animal wheth e r wild or tame or who deprives any animal of any nec essary s ubsi s tence or causes or allows any such treatment, whether his the owner or not, o r who rides, drives or works when sick or lam e or unlit for work from any cause, any domestic animal, or fails to give it proper protection from the weat her shall upon conv i ction, be puni s hed by a line of not less than $10.00 .. Section 14. It shall be the duty of the Chief of Police and every policeman to see to the enforcement of the prece ding section in all cases of its vio l ation, whet her it comes under their personal ob s ervation, or their atte nti on i s called to it and in s uch cas es, they s hall arrest the offender whether with or wit h out a warrant. Section 15. It s hall be unlawful for any person to kill or trap any mocking bird, red bird or other bird of song, or to molest or destroy their nests, eggs, or young, within the limits of the City of Templ e Terrace. Section 17. Any person found as l eep in any of the s treets of the Cit y of Temple Terrace, s hall be guilty of disorderl y conduct. Section 18. A n y person found asleep upon the private property of another person without the consent of the owner of such property shall be deemed guilty of disord e rly conduct, provid e d that being found a s leep on such prop e rty s hall be prima facie evidence of the want of such con se nt. Section 20. Any person or p e rsons c o nvicted of r es i s ting or oppo s ing a police officer or other public officer in the disc harge of hi s duti es as o utlined in the ordinances of the City of Temple Terrace or who, on being called upon by the City Marshal or other public officer of the City, shall ref use to give him or them active aid and assi s tance in apprehendin g any person or persons accused of any crime or acting in any unlawful manner, shall be punished by a line not exceeding $100 .00 or by impri s onment not exceeding 60 days ... Section 21. No person s h all on in or along any of the public streets of the City of Temple Terrace, ride or drive any wagon, carriag e, buggy, bicycle, or ot her vehicle except a n automobile at a greater rate of speed than 12 miles per hour, provided that this shall not apply to the apparatus of the Fire Department in answering lire alanns Any person violating the provisions of thi s s ection shall be punished by a line of not exceeding $50.00 ... 58

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Sectioo 22. No person s h a ll ride or drive any v ehicle or animal wh atsoe ver in or a l o ng a n y public stree t o r w a y in the City o f Temple Terrace in a reckl ess or danger o us manner, or s o as to unnecessarily incommode or alarm tra v e lers thereon Section 24. Any person who s hall operate an a utomobile or othe r motor driven vehicl e a t a speed in exc ess o f 25 miles per hour, o n or along th e streets of the City of Temple Terrace, s h a ll b e puni s h e d by a fin e n o t exc eeding $50 00 ... Section 25 Any pers o n w h o s hall wilfull y and malici o us l y in any manner mov e o b struc t damage or d e f ace a n y o f the p o l es, p o s ts wires g as pipes, lamps, lamp p o s ts o r other works or pro p erty of any g as compa ny or e l ectric li ght c ompany, t e l e ph o ne, or telegraph company within the limi ts of the City of T empl e Terrace, s hall upon conviction ther eo f be punished b y a fin e of not les s than $25.00 ... Section 26 It s hall b e unl awful for any p erso n t o thro w upon any o f the s id ewalks o f th e City o f Templ e Terr ace any banana p ee ling s o r t o throw upo n a n y o f the streets o r s id ewalks o f th e s aid cit y a n y tacks bro k en g l ass, o r other sharp o r point e d material or substance whic h might puncture o r injure the tire o f any bi cy cl e or auto mobil e or injure th e feet o f hors es, p ersons, o r beast s of burden Any person conv ic t e d of a violation of a ny provi s ion of thi s s ec tion s hall be puni s h e d hy a fine of n o t more than $25 00 ... Section 27. An y p erso n w ho s hall in any m anner o b struct the use o f any fire h ydrant in the City of Temple T errac e o r pl ace, o r allo w to be pl ace d a n y substance o r m a t e ri a l in front the reof fro m the curb lin e t o th e cente r o f the stree t within 10 feet fro m ei the r side the reof s hall upo n co n v i ct ion be puni s h e d b y a fine not excee ding $25.00 ... Section 28. In case of fire alarm, the fire engines and apparatus of the fire d epartment s hall h a ve the ri ght o f wa y on all streets within th e C ity trave led b y the m in r es p o nse to said a l arm, and it s hall b e th e dut y o f all p erso ns in charge of horses, carriages auto m obil es a d other v e hi cles o n the said streets t o turn t o the right and s t op at the curb until the fire appa r a t us h as p assed. Section 29. In case o f a n y fi r e alarm, upo n n o ti c e from the C hi e f o f the Fire D epartment or any pe rso n h 1 1ving charge of the same, it shall b e the duty of any and all e lectri c companies o r a n y p erso n having wires used to conduc t e l ec tricit y for an purpo s e whatev er at the pl ace o f s uch fire t o cut o ff the e l ectric c u r r ent fro m s uch wires unti l further n o ti c e f r o m th e Fire D epartmen t Secti3n 31. In cas e o f a n y colli s i on, a ccident o r injury to th e property o r person of another caus e d by or in w hich any automobil e, carria g e hack moto r cy cl e bicycle o r other v e hicle i s c o nn ec t e d it s hall be th e duty of the owner, operator, driver or p erso n in charge of' the sa.id v e hicle to stop th e same and o ffer a ss i s tance, and to giv e hi s name a nd address t o the p a rty injure d o r t h e ow n e r of' the pro p erty s o dama g e d and h e s h a ll have the right t o d emand the n ame of' the parties s o injured o r the ow n e r o f the property s o damaged. 5 9

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Sedioo 33. It s haJI be unlawful for any p erso n t o commit tres p ass upon the property o f another with out the coru;ent of the o wner thereof, and the fa c t that any pe rso n i s found upon th e property of another, except upon legitimat e busin ess, s hall be evid e nce of the lack of s u c h consent. Section 35. It shall be unlawful for any person to commit any a c t within the city limi ts of the C ity of Templ e Terrace, which act o r acts i s a crime unde r the law s of the State of Fl orida. -Enac t ed by the City Commissio n e r s November 6, 1926 60

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7 7 ? LEGEND: APPENDIX "C" THE CITY LIMITS OF TEMPLE TERRACE IN 1925, 1946, 1956 and 1961 r--------------, J --..... Approximate boundary in 1925 Reduced area in 1946 Area annexed in 1956 1961 (and present) city limits 61 I I I ? ? ?

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.... .. ',, .. . ": ... . ':
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AJ>J>ENDIX "D" BIBUOORArHY: Covington, The Story of Southwe s t ern F loridiz, Volume 1 (1957) (p 79, 184 ) Dunn, Hampton, Florid a A Pic torial H istory (1988) (p 13 ) Dunn Hampton, Yesterday's Tampa (1972) (p 48) Hall Janet M. "The Birth o f Temple Terrace in the 1920s : A Pho t og raphic Essay," Tampa Bay H istory (Vol 14, No. 1 Spring / S umm e r 1992) ( pp 44 -58) H e nd erson, Ann L. & Mormino, Gary R (e d.), Spanish Pathways in Florida (1991) Hill s borough County Hi s t o rical Commission Mom1in o, Professor Gary (University o f South Florida) M ormino, Gary R & Pi7J,O, Anthony P., Tampa: The Treasur e City (1983) (pp 30-31, 92) The Native Americans, S mith s onian Books (1993) (pp 127-130) Perry, Mac 1., lndilzn Mounds You Can Vis it (1993) St. Petersburg Times, First Fl o ridians : The American Indian ( F e h 6 1995 ); Spani s h Explorers nam e "La F1orida"' ( F eb. 13, 1995) 63

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APPENDIX "E" INDEX Allen. Dr. John S., 40 Allgood, Evelyn (Mrs. J. L.), 17, 19-20 American Legion Auxiliary, 40 Apartment buildings, 18 Arson Ca...e, 17-18 Barnes, "Long Jim," 10 Bat Tower, 13 Baum, Dwight, 11 BendeJow, Tom, 8 Bennett, Connie, 12 Bennett. Mr., 33 Bennett, Thomas W., 36 Bing and Bing Comtruction, ll Bond Issue, 43 Boundaries, 28 Bradshaw, Mrs. E. B., 13 Bregar, Mr., 13 16, 20, 32-33 Brinson, John (Big John), 17 Brook, Basil, 17, 23, 25-26, 31, 34, 39 Brook. Mrs. Basil (Mary), 22, 39 Brown, Miss Eukie, 22 Boa, Mayor Gaspar, 31 Bullard, G. Frank, Sr., 31 Bullard Parkway, 35 Burgert and Burgert Brothers, 9 Busch Gardem, 43 Business and Professional Woman's Club, 40 Byram, Robert, 38 Campbell, M. G., 7 11 Cappolino, Joseph, 39 Catholic Chlii'Cb. 35, 39 Chamber of Coounei'Ce, 40 Church of Christ, 27, 33, 38 14 ,33 City Council, 12, 43 City Hall, 41 City Limits, 61 64

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City of Temple Terrace, 42 Civic Association, 29-31, 33-34, 36, 40-41 Civic Clubs, 40 Ciritan Club, 40 Clark, V. I., 14 Clarke, Mrs. Roy L., 41 Close, Mrs. Harold E., 12 Clubbo'IL'ie, 9, 44 Community Chun:b, 26, 32, 38 Cone, Carlton, 46 Corpus Christi Parish, 39 Council-Manager form of government, 36 Country Club Garage, 27 Criminal Code, 15 Cross, T. C., 25 Cureton, Connie and Jean, 16, 19 Cureton, Thomas, 16, 18-19, 24 Cureton, Mrs. Thomas, 19, 22 Demott, A. P., 15, 19 Department of Sanitation and Public Health, 21 Dickson, C. C., 14 Dilar, Corporal and Mrs. A. N., 26 Dilsaver, W. M., 14 Dixon, C. C. (home), 38 Dodd, Mrs., 16 Dudley, Norman, 37 Duhamel, Joseph, 10 Duncan, Dr. W. P., IR, 21 Eastern Star, 40 Ed C. Wright & Co., 24 Edwards, Mr., 34 Elected and Appointed Official'!, 45 Electric Light, 23 Elliott, M. Leo, 13 Episcopal Chun:b, 39 Fire Chief, 15 YU'St Baptist Chun:b, 39 First, Mrs. John, 40 Jtlrst Presbyterian Cbun:b or Temple TfiT'.tce, 38 J i 'irst Public School, 16, 19 65

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Fisher, E. A., 15 fleming Apartments, 11 florida Cluistian College, 27 florida College, 13, 27 florida CoUege Academy, 13, 28 florida FunclanteAtal Bible Institute, 20, 26 Foster-Kirby and Dobbs, 35 Fowler, Cody, 7 10, 14-15, 32 Fowler, Maude C., 7, 10 14, 46 Friends or the Temple Terrace Public Library, 41, 44 Friscia, Augustine, 18 Friscia, Peter, 18 19 Garden Club, 30-31, 33 -34, 40 Gibbons, Pboy, 36 Gillett. D. Collins, 7, 10 14 29, 46 Girl Sc:outs, 25 Gober, Mrs. E. K., 40 Golr Course, 36 Gower, Ralpb, 17 Graham, Billy, 12, 21 Grayson, L. A., 18 25 Grief'f'enberg, F L., 14 Hamilton, Dr. Clinton D., 41 Hamner, B. L. (Burts), 7 10, 37 Hamner, W. E. (Bill), 7 Harney and Temple School Di'itrids, 16-17, 19 20 Harris, H G 19 llar4 Jim, 20 Heckscber, August, 7 11, 2 4 Helm, 1 Herchel Estates, 35 Hillsborough Community College, 20 Hill'iboruugb County Library Senice, 41 Hillsborough County School Board, 20 Hi Neighbor, 29 Historical Materials, 44 Hikhcack, Raymond, 12 Horse Stable, 13, 16 BoweD, Mrs. Homer, 31 Hoyt, R D., 15, 46 Hydroponic 28

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Jack, T., 14 JayCft:S, 40 Jobson. Mrs. A M C., 31 Jobm, Abe F. (Jobm Builders), 35, 38 Jolsoo AJ, 12 Junior Cbaunber of CCJOI.IDei"Ce, 40 Kid .Boots, 10' 17 Kiwanis Club, 40 Knopke. Mayor Ray, 36 Knopke, Ray,31 Kring Band, 12 Kring, Paul and Pauline, 12, 25 I.ane, 19 La Sertoma, 40 Library Board, 41 Lightfoot 33, 35 Lightfoot Homes, 34 Lightfoot. 0. K., 33-35, 42 Lightfoot Recreation Center, 40, 42 Lioll4l Club, 40 Lodtaby, Mrs D. J., 19 Lutheran CbW'cll, 3 9 Maaauley, George. 24, 26 Marsh, 19 McCartney, Mrs. Earle, 10, 30 1 McSweeney Mrs. William, 20, 31 McWhirter, John, 24 Menniger, Mrs., 21 Meyer Dan, 36 Mission llill'i Cbapd, 39 Morocco Club, 12 13, 17 Mothers Club, 19 Moulton Ruth, 21 Muoicipal Building, 16 Nasrallah, li'rul 35 Nelms, J R (Bob), 15, 19 Nebn.4i, Mrs., 15 Nuccio, County Commi<;siooer, 35 67

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Optimist Club, 40, 42 Opti Mrs. Club, 41 Our Redeemer Lutbenm Church, 39 Palmer. Patter. 7. 13 Park Improvement, 23 Peaez, 19 Perla, Marlo, 18 Peaty, Mrs. J. L., 31 Pea a y, Lawrence, 25 Phillips, Mrs. J. s., 41 15 Population, 33, 4243 Post Office, 35-36 Presbyterian Cburdl, 38 Puglisi, Lewis, 18-19 Quinn, Leacey (Mrs. Jim), 22 Recreation Department, 37 Richardson, Mrs. BaS'!, 19 25 Riverhills Elementary School, 36 Riversides, 36 Riverview &tates, 35 Robbins, Cliff, 19 Roller, llaJTy, 26 Ruth, Babe, 12 Sales, Reverend P. S., 26 Sanford White rum, 11 Schanz, A. M., 19 Schine, Mrs. Jerome. 41 Serloma, 40 Simmon, John, 29-30 Simpson, Alberta (Mrs. E. M.), 20 Smith, (Mrs. S. L.) Corrine, 11, 19, 22, 25, 31 Smith, Mr. and Mrs. S. L., 11 Smith, Dr. Sbeamao, 21, 27 BaptistConven6oo,39 Spencer Memorial Baptist Cburdl, 39 Springs State Bank, 31 St. Catherine's Episcopal Church, 39 31 68

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Suarez, Raymond J., 35 SulphlD' Springs, 15, 17 Sunday Cbun:h School, 25 Tampa Tribune, 33 Tax Certificates, 17 Teen Club, 3 0 Terrace Ehmentary School, 16, 20, 35 36, 38 Terrace Estates, 7 Terrace Gardens, 35 Temple Tenace Golf and Country Club, 25, 36 Terrace Guide, 40 Temple Terrace Junior Women's Club, 40 Temple Terrace Outdoors, loe., 36 37 Temple Terrace Police Benevolence Society, 41 Tanple Tenace Presbyterian Cburcb, 39 Temple Terrace YfA, 19, 25, 30 33 Temple Terrace Public Library, 40-41 Temple Terrace Recreation Center Foundation, 42 Tanple Terrace Shopping Center, 35 Temple Terrace Topics, 19 Terrace United Mdhodist Cbun:h, 39 Temple Terrace Women's Club, 40 -41 Temple Terrace Youth Center, 42 Ten-aces 7 Temple Terraces Country Club, 11 Temple Terraces, Inc. 7 Ten-ace Apartments, 11, 20-21 Thompson, W Fl'llllk, 25, 38 United Assets Corp., 32 33, 35 University of South Florida, 40, 43 Valenti, Frank, 13 Van de Venter, Reverend J. W., 20 Van de Venter, Mrs. J. W., 20, 31 Van lngen, Mr. B. F., 23 32 33 35 Volunteer Yare Department. 56 Wardwell H P., 31 Water, 23 Water Works, 23 Watson, Dr., 20 69

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Webman, J A., 25 Whitaker Pat, 14 Wd.'OOn, Mrs L R., 31 Wamer, Dr. C. B., 25 Woman's Club, 41 Women's Golf Association, 22, 25 Woodmont Araoex or the Reaeation Center, 20 WPA, 1 7 18, 20-21 Ybor City, 19 Zetler, Dr. Robert, 41 70

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The Friends thank th e following geflerous sponsors of this edition of the history of Temple Terrace: PLATINUM SPONSORS: CAFE' DON JOSE' ANSELMO & CAROL TORRENS MICHAEL CRABTREE, CPA ROB ERT P DAWSON INSURANCE AGENCY GEORGE & FRANCES FEE BOB AND JANELLE OWEN PRUDENTIAL FLORIDA REALTYGLORIA KARES TEMPLE TERRACE COMMUNITY ARTS FESTIVAL (A Mid-November Temple Terrace Tradition) SCHROPP BUELL & ELLIGETT, P A. TEMPLE TERRACE GARDEN CLUB TEMPLE TERRACE NEWS TEMPLE TERRACE PRESERVATION, INC THE TERRACE BANK OF FLORIDA GOLD SPONSORS: Burger King The GFWC Temple Terrace Woman's Club The Govin Families Mr. & Mrs. Casper D. John son Frank & Pat Musolino Suztinne P. Persons, PhD., LMHC/Psychotherapy & Consulllltion /Educatio!Ull Programs C.E Prevatt Funeral Homes Rydberg & Goldstein, P.A. Bob & Ann Simmons Sir Speedy Printing Paul & Sherill Tomasino Tomasino & Associates/Sherwood Forest Center