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Alcohol and tobacco use among Monteverde youth [powerpoint]

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Material Information

Title:
Alcohol and tobacco use among Monteverde youth powerpoint
Translated Title:
El consumo de alcohol y tabaco en los jovenes de la zona Monteverde powerpoint ( )
Physical Description:
Book
Language:
Text in English
Creator:
Bose, Hannah
Grams, Danielle
Vollstaedt, Joshua
Publication Date:

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Youth--Alcohol use
Jovenes--Consumo de alcohol
Youth--Drug use
Jovenes--Consumo de droga
Community Health 2011
Salud comunitaria 2011
Costa Rica--Puntarenas--Monteverde Zone
Costa Rica--Puntarenas--Zona de Monteverde

Notes

Abstract:
This study investigates adolescent alcohol and tobacco consumption in the Monteverde zone of Costa Rica, addressing who engages in alcohol and tobacco use, what are the motivations to consume or not consume alcohol and tobacco, what protective and risk factors are acting on Monteverde youth, and what activities are desired by Monteverde youth.
Abstract:
Este estudio investiga el alcohol de los adolescentes y el consumo de tabaco en la zona de Monteverde de Costa Rica, dirigiéndose a quien se involucre en el uso del alcohol y el tabaco, cuales son las motivaciones para consumir o no consumir alcohol y tabaco, cuales son los factores de riesgo y protección que están actuando en la juventud de Monteverde, y qué actividades son deseadas por los jóvenes de Monteverde.
General Note:
Student affiliations: University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, and Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis, Indianapolis, Indiana

Record Information

Source Institution:
Added automatically
Holding Location:
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Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
usfldc doi - M38-00076
usfldc handle - m38.76
System ID:
SFS0044298:00001


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Full Text

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July 22, 2011 Monteverde, Costa Rica Alcohol & Tobacco Use Among Monteverde Youth Globalization and Community Hannah Bose Danielle Grams Joshua Vollstaedt

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Purpose of Project The Santa Elena Clinic requested that the Monteverde Institute collect data about adolescent alcohol and tobacco consumption in the Monteverde zone. Previous research from the Monteverde Institute recommended more research about alcohol and tobacco use among adolescents.

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Research Questions Who engages in alcohol and tobacco use? (ex. age, and gender) What are the motivations to consume or not consume alcohol and tobacco? What are the protective and risk factors acting on Monteverde youth? What are activities desired by Monteverde youth?

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Risk and Protective Factors variables, or hazards that, if present for a given individual, make it more likely that this individual, rather than someone selected at random from the general population, will Mrazek and Haggerty 1994 likelihood of problem behavior either directly or by mediating or moderating the effect of Arthur et al 2002 Risk Factor Protective Factor

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Risk Factors Protective Factors Behavior Outcome Community Domain: Low neighborhood attachment Community disorganization Transitions and mobility Laws and forms favorable to drug use Extreme economic deprivation School Domain: Academic failure Little commitment to school Family Domain: Poor family management High family conflict Family history of antisocial behavior Parental attitudes favorable to drug use Parental attitudes favorable to antisocial behavior Peer/Individual Domain: Early initiation of antisocial behavior Peer drug use Peer antisocial behavior Peer rewards for antisocial behavior Rebelliousness Attitudes favorable to drug use Sensation seeking Community Domain: Opportunities for prosocial community involvement Rewards for prosocial community involvement School Domain: Opportunities for prosocial school involvement Rewards for prosocial school involvement Family Domain: Opportunities for prosocial family involvement Family attachment Rewards for prosocial family involvement Peer/Individual Domain: Religiosity Belief in moral order Social skills *Chart information from Arthur et al 2002

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Population Description (N=73) 73 participants From the Monteverde zone Ages 12 25 years old Mean age: 16.4 years old Majority attend Santa Elena High School (69.8%) Male Female

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Methods PHASE I: Participant observation Informal conversation PHASE II: Interviews (n=11) Focus group PHASE III: Surveys (n=62)

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PHASE I: Community Assessment Participant observation/informal conversation: Bars, home stay family, community advisors and community members Results: Noticed many under aged people in bars No identification asked for upon entering bar or purchasing alcohol Community continually expressed a lack of activities in the zone for youth and attributed this to increasing alcohol and tobacco consumption

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PHASE II: Determining Key Issues Interviews Interviewed participant for 30 40 minutes Topics included: Family relationships, Daily and weekly activities Alcohol and tobacco use Peer relationships Religion Student teacher relationships. Focus Group Hour long discussion held with 15 20 youth from a local theater group Interviewing a participant

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PHASE II: Results Issued raised by youth from interviews and focus group: Lack of activities for youth Female, 25 years old Requirements to pay to use recreational spaces Male, unknown age Lack of youth voice Male, unknown age

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PHASE II: Results Presence of drugs Male, 17 years old Lack of enforcement of anti drinking and anti smoking laws Female, 25 years old Lack of continuity in youth organizations Male, 19 years old

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PHASE III: Surveys (n=62) Administered at: San Luis Health Fair Santa Elena Santa Elena High School Questions related to: Family interactions Drinking/smoking activity Drinking/smoking habits of friends Motivations for drinking/smoking School and community involvement Desired activities for MVZ Surveying students at Santa Elena High School

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Results: Who Engages in Alcohol Use? Sometimes or greater Rarely Male Female Frequency of alcohol consumption by gender 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Number of youth Age Number of MV youth who drink frequently by ages

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Results Age Comfortable talking to mother about problems 2 (1, N = 64) = 0.395, p = 0.376 Comfortable talking to father about problems 2 (1, N = 60) = 0.067, p = 0.524 Frequency of alcohol use 2 (1, N = 40) = 1.695, p = .35. Gender Friends drink 2 (1, N = 70) = 0.576, p =0.307 Friends smoke 2 (1, N = 70) = 0.02, p = 0.575 Comfortable talking to father about problems 2 (1, N = 68) = 0.070, p = 0.456 Comfortable talking to mother about problems 2 (1, N = 64) = 0.049, p = 0.512 Household Members Drink Alcohol Ever tried alcohol 2 (1, N = 68) = 6.094, p = 0.012 Frequency of alcohol use 2 (1, N = 67) = 0.012, p = 0.596 Ever tried tobacco 2 (1, N = 40) = 4.22, p = 0.074

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Results Peer Use of Alcohol Ever tried alcohol 2 (1, N = 71) = 18.285, p = 0.000 Frequency of drinking 2 (1, N = 70) = 0.711, p = 0.140 Ever smoked 2 (1, N = 42) = 10.734 p = 0.001 Ever Tried Alcohol Ever tried tobacco 2 (1, N = 70) = 16.667, p = 0.000 Frequency of Alcohol Use Comfortable talking to mother 2 (1, N = 41) = 7.979, p = 0.007 Comfortable talking to father 2 (1, N = 38) = 2.788, p = 0.096

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Results Of the 73 youth surveyed, all of those answering no to trying alcohol also answered no to trying cigarettes. Of the youth surveyed that had tried alcohol, approximately 46% had also tried cigarettes

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Results Living in a household in which other members do not drink reduced the percentage of youth whom have tried alcohol Have you every tried alcohol?

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Results Living in a household in which other members do not drink reduced the percentage of youth whom have tried cigarettes

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Results Adolescents who report a moderate to high level of comfort speaking with their mother about their problems are significantly less likely to report frequent alcohol consumption. In regard to fathers, the same trend can be seen as approaching statistical significance. How often do you drink alcohol? Frequently Rarely How comfortable are you speaking with your mother about your problems? Comfortable Uncomfortable

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Participants with some or more friends that have tried alcohol are more likely to try alcohol than youth with few or no friends that have tried alcohol 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% Have Tried Have Not Tried Some Friends Have Tried Alcohol Few or No Friends Have Tried Alcohol Results

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Results: Reasons to drink or not to drink Yo bebo porque Yo no bebo porque

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Results: Reasons to smoke or not smoke Yo fumo porque Yo no fumo porque

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Resultados : Encuestas y Entrevistas What activities would you like to have in the area for youth? 27 10 10 10

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Recommendations: A Community Based Approach Youth Parent Child Parent Community Support

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Recommendations: A Community Based Approach Parent Child Strengthen parent child relationships and open avenues of communication regarding taboo subjects, such as alcohol and tobacco consumption via: Interactive parent child workshops offered through the Santa Elena Clinic, MVZ high schools and/or MVI Family oriented community activities Support from a community psychologist/social worker Parental involvement in the daily life and activities of child Going for walks Watching TV Listening to music Playing sports

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Recommendations Parent Inform and empower parents to address sensitive issues, such as tobacco and alcohol use, with their children via: Parental support groups Counseling services Youth Provide support and healthy alternative activities for Monteverde youth Sports teams/groups Art, music and theater Religious Educational Support groups for at risk youth

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Limitations Limited time Small population size Not sufficient data about smokers Not a representative sample Only surveyed one high school Self reporting bias Data depended on honesty of participants

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Acknowledgments Institutions: University of South Florida Monteverde Institute People: Project participants Community advisor: Cristina Navarro MVI Program Director: Jenny Pea MVI Assistant Program Director: Daniel Vargas Course Instructors: Drs. David Himmelgreen Nancy Romera Daza and Heide Castaeda Course Assistants: Gene Cowherd and Kate Brelsford