SP 1JNT9JR., SlJP LRVJ5.9R JAND}-\T1Y J 9 35
REPORT OF THE SUPERVISOR OF SOUTHERN SANCTUARIES FOR THE YEAR 1935 by Alexander Sprunt, Jr. The post of Supervisor of Southern Sanctuaries, an office created since the annual meeting of 1934, was assumed by the writer on January lsto 1935. The duties of this office are self explanatory but it was understood that such duties would, when the time allowed, be supplemen-ted by engaging in educational work for the Association in the giving of illustrated lectures dealing with the aims and accomplishments of the Association. These two phases then, have been carried out by the writer as opportunity offered and the following is presented as an out-line of what was accomplished. i It should be understood at the outset that details connected with the inspection of the various sanctuaries in the South have already been dealt with, at the conclusion of each period of field work in full re-ports on each area, these being rendered to the Director of Sanctuaries as they were consummated and .now in his files. The following therefore, will not deal in detail as much as in generalities, but will point out in a broad sense, the conditions prevailing at present in the areas un-der the writer's supervision. A detailed report on the educational ac-tivities, not hitherto presented, is attached herewith. The report as a whole is divided into sections as follows: TERRITORY The territory given the writer consists in those sanctuaries lying in the states of North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Loui-
-2-siana and Texas. His duties were the inspection of these areas, the as-certaining of their worth; the character and ability of the wardens main-tained thereon; the comparative status of the bird population and general recommendations pertaining to their upkeep and well being. ESTABLISHED SANCTUARIES Three extended field trips were made to sanctuaries which have been maintained by the Association for some years. These consisted of a trip to South Florida in February, 1935; a trip to north and central Florida in April, and one to the Louisiana-Texas sanctuaries in June. The findings of these inveRtigations are all embodied in detailed reports already sub-mi ttedo The writer became thoroughly familiar with the areas involved in each; he made personal contact with all wardens and examined with great care the conditions prevailing. The aim of each investigation was to ascertain as fully as possible. every detail connected with the maintainence and operation of each area, and its worth to the Association as a sanctuary. His recommendations a.re on file with the Director of tuaries., The states of Florida. and Texas might be said to hold the future of the Association's activities in bird protection. The former is the base of the supply for the South-east in the heron-egret-ibis population, and is intensely important in this regard. ,Vhile it is gratifying to note '1t the well being of these species there, it must be recalled thatAhas only been made possible by the unceasing vigilBJlce which the Association mainta.ins. No one unfamiliar with the conditions prevailing in the Florida Everglades can understand the difficulties surrounding bird protection in that vast a.nd trackless area. Persecution of birds there is by no means a dead issue. It is auite the reverse, and only because the Assoelation has, and is, exerting its every energy toward this end, has the
-3result been what it is. Plume hunting is not dead completely because of the proximity of Cuban markets for such commodities; the killing of birds for food still goes on among the watery fastnesses of the Everglades and the Florida Keya. Therefore, the Association's wardens have their hands full today and the elimination of our protection there would cause serious depletion among the ranks of birds now classed once more as abundant. The establishment of the Everglades National Park has not yet reached that stage of perfection which characterizes areas of such kind in the West, and with the exception of what little is done by State authorities, the protection of birds in South Florida and other parts of the state falls upon the shoulders of this Association. It is doing a splendid work. In Texas. conditions are promising ind eed.. The protection afforded there has reaped large returns, and the birds have responded in a WEJ which is highly satisfactory. While conditions affecting them are not as serious as those facing the Florida sanctuaries, there are always those who must be watched and warned, and because of the still precarious condition of such species as the Roseate Spoonbill and the Reddish Egret as regards their as American birds, protection in Texas is essentialo The f oreign fishing population of that coast stands as one of the ma.in dangers to nesting birds; the mistaken idea that the Brown Pelican is detrimental to food fish being a serious consideration. Protection in the Carolinas, Georgia and Louisiana has resulted in a decided increase in the heron family. so much so, that there are areas in which protection might be removed in the next year or two with no detriment to the species involved. In Louisiana there is still some shooting of the Black-crowned Night Heron for food, but in Georgia and the Carolinas this is reduced to a minimum, and is all but lacking entirely. Pluming is nowhere carried on as far as the writer can discover, except in sporadic outbursts among the Everglades.
-4-As regards specific species, the Egret and Snowy Heron have increased beyond the fondest imagining of those who entered into their protection years ago. Both of these birds can again be considered postively common in many localities in the South. The egret has so far regained its former 1 status of the "pprne days" as to be an abundant nester thronghout much of the South and has even extended its breeding range as far north as New Jersey! The Snowy Heron is abundant all along the Gulf Coast, throughout Florida and up the Atlantic seaboard as far as Virginia. In the Charleston area for instance, it is a common daily sight within the corporate limits of that city, a condition far removed from its status twenty-five years a.go when Mr. Arthur T. Wayne produced his "Birds of South Carolina". hen that publication made its appearance, its author had not seen a Snowy Heron for eight or ten years! The Louisiana and Little Blue Herons are in splendid condition, the former no doubt being the commonest heron in the range of the family. The Night Herons are also perfectly satisfactory, the Black-crowned being the most abundant, as always. Louisiana stands as the base of supply for the Yellow-crowned on the Gulf Coast, while parts of Florida are well supplied with them. In the Carolinas it was never persecuted to any ex-tent and its status there, and in Georgia remains in statue quo .. The Reddish Egret is established to a gratifying degree in Texas, but nowhere else. It has extended its breeding range now as far north and east as Galveston Island, ha.Ying penetrated northward from the Association's splendid sanctuary at Green Island, down near the mouth of Rio Grande. In Florida the Reddish Egret does not occur any longer as a nesting species. Its occurrence anywhere except along the Texas, and occasionally the Louisiana coasts, is out of the ordinary, and might be classe> as accidental. hether the present stoc can increase to the extent of spreading over the South-east again as a breeding species remains to be seen. Certainly, it
-5-owes its present condition to the Association's efforts in its behalfo The Rose ate S poonbill is entrenched as a nesting species in Texas to a degree most satisfactory to those who its rarity everywhere. A decided increase was noted in 1935 as against 1934. Every effort is being made in the Association's areas to give it absolute and entire protection in the breeding season. Two colonies of some size are maintained in Texas, with two or three smaller outposts which may well develope into worth while areas with further care. Florida is mA..king itself known again as a spoonbill home, certain areas on the West Coast Everglades harboring some hundreds of birds, and a colony was recently discovered by one of the Association's field wor kers in the Marquesas Keys. The situation as regards this beautiful s pecies is dealt with in detail in a report by the Director of Sanctuaries, Mr. Robert P Allen. Summarizing the heron situation, together with that of the ibis, it can be noted that everywhere in the South, theue birds are in splendid shape and while the ibis is more or less confined to Florida. in its center of abundance, it spreads northward into Georgia and South Carolina in numbers that indicate an ever growing increase. In Texas the herons are positively abundant and it is the one state in which the writer found a decided sentiment for their protection among the agricultural classo Not much more than tolerated in many places, without actual persecution which iu everywhere unusual these days. except in Florida, the Texans regard the herons as benefactors in keeping down crawfish which burrow into the ricefields banks, and welcome their presence eagerly. Firmly established in many sections of the South, the herons are safe, and even without protection might well continue to grace our ewampa, bayous and estuaries in ever increasing Rbundance. INVESTIGATION OF NEW AREAS Not by any means content with resting upon the laurels of past and pre-
-6-sent accomplishment, the Association directed the writer to pay particular attAntion to investigation of an y new area which might be reported as being a possibility for a sanctuary, or to run down reports of the scarcity or sudden change of sts.tus os any species. This he has done as occasion demanded. A very important phase of this work lies in the wor k done in investigating the serious d .epletion of the munbers of the Great White Heron in the region of the Bay of Florida and its numerous keys. Reported to be becoming steadily scarcer by a member of the making a winter trip among the Keys, this species was the focal point of a survey made in February 1935. Through the splendid co-operation of the United States Coast Guard, an aerial survey of the range of the Great White was made by the writer, who followed up the findings thus a scertained, by trips out of Key West, and from Cape Sable by means of motor boats. The result was that the Great White Heron was found to be in serious plight, facing almost certain extermination unless rigid measures were resorted to at once. The fact that adults are always seen in the Bay of Florida. and have never been particularly abundant, has caused visiting ornithologists to assume that the species is in a.bout its normal state. However, the tremendous inroads made upon the young before reaching the stage of flight, by the natives in that section, are not known at all, and not until this survey was made did this truth become ap parent. The Great Vhite Henon has been reduced to a minimum, and the population in its entire range probably does not reach beyond a few hundred pair, if that many. The aerial survey mentioned above revealed but 211 birds, though there were small portions of the range not examined closely. The Association therefore, has increased its warden force in South Florida by another team of men this past summer, and it will be the duty of two of these men to have particular regard to the nesting of the Great White Heron in Florida. Bay this approaching sea.son.
-7This prompt move will, no doubt prove efficacious to numbers of these birds and it is hoped that a sil.fficient concentration of them will be found which will mak e the wor k of protection apparent in a short while. A detailed report on the Great Heron status ig in possession of the Director of Sanctuaries. The out-standing feature of new investigation was the successful running down of a report of the occurrence of the Ivory-billed Woodpecker in a part of the South which, since 1898 had been barren of any record of this very rare species. The writer, together with Mr. Lester L. Walsh of this Associati on located a s mall colony definitely and observed three specimens. The strong probability is that there are at least a half dozen pair inhabiting the area involved. The exact location is not mentioned because of the danger connected w ith publicity of the sort as regards the influx to such a region by collectors. Full details of the investigation were made at the consummation of the survey. A warden was immediately engaged and placed on duty in the area. Investigation of an island in lower Galveston Bay was made to ascertain whether it merited recognition as a sanctuary item in our Texas list but was not instituted as such at present. A n aerial survey, made through the co-operation of thP United States Navy, was about the mouth of Mobile Bay Alabama, where colonies of sea-birds had been reported. The finding s were noted in a detailed report, but did not warrant the establishment of a sanctuary. The writer had held himself in readiness to m a k e any investigation of this sort authorized and the Association is keenly on the alert for any report of this nature. Finally, a result of this work was the survey of the condition of the Brown Pelican on the Texas Coast where it is said to wreak havoc among the food fish. It was found that this opinion is entirely erroneous, and should further persecution of the species take place
-8-the Association has formulated plans with which to combat it. WARDEN. S The wardens employed by the Association are, mainly, men who are native to the locality in which the sanctuary they guard is located. Not of a great deal of education or opportunity, many of them are making the most of their ability and are performing the work assigned to them in an entire-ly satisfactory manner. It is of course, not possible to say to what ex-tent their patrols are made except by the reports they render, but there is no reason to believe that this work is shirked. Criticisms coma in from time to time about various wardens, but these reports must be consid-ered in the spirit in which they are made. Often they emanate from jeal-ously or envy; sometimes from personal animosity or a real or supposed grudge. It must be that some are well grounded, and there has recently been a change in the personel of the South Florida force, as members of it have been found to be anything else than they should be. When indis-putable proof of any warli.en's failure to perform his duties is presented, prompt steps are taken to remedy the situation. It should be recalled that official anyone making anAinspection of a sanctuary sees the best there is in a warden who, at such times, is on as good behavior as is possible to assume. Therefore, a man who would not ordinarily impress one, might well impart a favorable impression if he sets out to do so. For this reason, an in-spector's impression might be erroneous, but one cannot but follow a more or less scheduled program when there are many areas to be visited in a comparatively short time. The writer admits that he has been mistaken in his estimates of some wardens, but the failure of some to live up to the reputation gained thro1lgh a number of years, can only be set down as a human failing. With exceptions, the men employed by the .Association a.re doing a fine piece of worK; are thoroughly honest and trustworthy;
--9-interested in their work and charges; courteous to visitors and fully capable of dealing with sudden emergencies, whether these are connected with e quipment or personalities. It must be recalled that they are only human and are open to temptations which are more alluring than the uil:l:p.formed 'r would be inclined to believe. The care of the southern sanctuaries is safe in thei r hands. IMPROVEMENTS The Association is constantly striving to better conditions on the sanctuaries and through various recommendations, is thoroughly alive to the needs of each. Because of lack of funds it is not always possible to effect thos e changes which would be beneficial, but thi s is done as far as is possible. THE RAINEY SANCTUARY The aim of the Association is to make the Paul J. Rainey Refuge the out-standing wildfowl refuge in the country. To this end, many and various improvements are being carried on there at present. Experiments are being conducted which will prove whether or not certain advocated methods will be safe to embark upon or not. The capable supervision of Mr, Richard Gordon and his able assistant, Mr. Schecksnayder over the Rainey Sanctuary is redounding to the credit of the Association, and the numbers of ducks and geese the area each winter is very large. It is a sanctuary indeed and in truth, every form of wild-life occurring thereon enjoying absolute protection and safety. Banding operations carried on there have revealed much kno wledge in regard to migration and other questions; the providing of food in the shape of grain for the wildfowl is an important factor in their attraction and the patrols made daily, keep the authoDities informed as to the daily life of the area. Numerous items of food (plant-life) sought by the wildfowl, are planted annually; the club-house is well maintained, and the Association would be
-10glad for more of its members to visit the Rainey Sanctuary and see what it really is for themselves. PUJ3LICITY The writer has prepared for publication the following; One article for NATURE MAGAZINE; two for BIRD-LORE; two for the HAWK & O W L REPORT; and has provided material for several newspaper items dealing with the Association's work in the South, these appearing before and after each sanctuary inspection trip in the Charleston (S.C.) News and Courier. CO-OPERATING AGENCIES & I NDIVIDUALS The writer wishes to acknowledge with sincere. appreciation and thanks the splendid co-operation provided the Association.by the following; To Mr. Jay V. Kelsey, of the U.S. Biological Survey, Game Management Agent I. for Florida, for invaluable assistance in many ways, and for advice as to the handling of the situation in Florida. Without him, the Association could, have done what it has done there, and his interest and work is be-yond description To Mr. Frank o. Clarkson, Houston, Texas, Game M anagement Agent of the Biological Survey i n that state, for his assistance and company on field trips and for transportation and kindly interest and advice in the Galves-ton area. To Mr. Alston Clapp, Sr. of Houston for his personal aid in making the inspection of the Ving'tun Island Sanctuary, and for transportation and entertainment in the city of Houston and in the field. To Mr. J. J. Carroll, of Houston for his long and active interest in the work of the Association in Texas, his hospitality in home and aboard his boat, and the providing for the necessary transportation and guidance in the inspection of the Second-Chain-Islands and other localities along the portion of the central Texas coast. For his wonderful work with the herons and egrets in the Eagle Lake section and his making it possible
-11-for the 1riter to view tha t magnificent reservation. For his advice and counsel in connection with data on the Brown Pelican in Texas and in many other ways in which he has proved himself a devoted and cordial friend of the Association. Mr. Carroll's aid in the selection of wardens, and in many matters relating to the work in Texas cannot be overestimated, and without him the work would by no means have approached the success it has attained. To Sena.tor Arthur Gomez, of Key vest, Florida for his kindly and able assistance in connection with the survey of the Great White Heron and for many personal attentions rendered by himself and his wife to the writer. To t h e United States Navy, through the Commandant of the aval Air Station at Pensacola, for the use of a plane in connection with the survey of the Gulf Coast; to the pilot, Lieut. T. N. Thweatt, and to Francis M. Wes-ton of the Drafting Divisio n to whose efforts, the success of this under-taking is due. To the United States Coast Guard, and particularly Commander Chalker and Lieut. C. B. Olsen of the Miami Air Station for flights over the Florida. Keys and Everglades. Without their a.id, much of the investigation would not have been and the personal company of these gentlemen on two flights and their ready assistance and cordiality is highly appreciated. Lieut. Olsen has been particularly kind and interested at all times, and has given of his t ime and skill in ma.king the investigations possible and successful. To the staff of the Association in the New York office, particularly Messrs. John H. Baker and Robert P. Allen who, at all times, have encouraged ti and aided the writer il'J. everything he has undertaken.
Our lecturers addre ss thou sands of audiences an nually. CHILDREN'S EDUCATIONAL Organizes annually 300,000 children into bird-study clubs. 'ii PUBLICATION B ird pictures, le a flets, bul letins and magazine Bird Lore. 'ii COOPERATION Cooperates with Federal, State and Conservation Society officials. INTERNATIONAL Is affiliated with bird pro tective societies in fourteen foreign countries. My dear It gives me much pleasure to acknowledge the receipt of your remittance of in payment of the fees of additional m embers of your Junior Audubon Club. The leaflets and buttons for these new members go out t o you by today. Can you not send to the Association the names of teachers of your acquaintance who may be interested in forming Junior Audubon Clubs? This would be doing both them and us a service. Yours very truly, President.
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-12-:NEW MEMBF..RS OBTAINED The writer has been succef!sful in olitaining the followine; as Sustaining Members for the AsRociation. These names are those he is certain of, but he haR no record of those who have simply signified their intention of doing so. Mr. Albert Orth, Charleston, Mr. E. H. Mc Iver 1 Miss Helen Wannamaker 1 Orangeburg, S C Adams Run Garden Club, Adams Run, s .c. Mr. E A Williams, CharleRton, S C Dr John Van de Erve 1 irr. W R Coe, of New York was approached for Life Member and sent in his check for such, but it was fo1md that he was already a L ife Member and the amount was used, by his permission, for the Gene ral Fund. CONTACTS The writer madP. contact with several partiefJ who had written to the Association about the Wildfowl Situation when the closed seA.son was beine considered. Some of these were uncertain of what position to take and wanted information, vmich w a s supplied by the writer to the best of his ability. A mong these were J,ouis Simonds, of Charleston, and George D. P. B ohbright, of Pimlico Plantation, Berkeley County. s.c. Others of the northern plantation o wners located in coastal Carolina on whom the writer called were W R Coe Cherokee PlantA.tion a nd Archer M Huntington, of Brook Green. Co-operation and interest were obtained from all these gen-tlemen. Respectfully submitted, Alexander Sprunt, Jr. Supervisor Southern Sanctuaries.
Covering a Nine Month Period from Jan. 1st. to Oct. r st. It was a pa.rt of the Southern Supervisor's duties to engage in any educational work which might present itself, a t a time when such did not conflict with the duties in the field regarding the sanctuary activities. He has taken advantage of such opportunites as they have arisen, and on the whole, "feels that considerable progress has been made in view of the fact that it must necessarily be a secondary item. That what has been done has received some recognition is.evidenced by the fact that such work is increasing in demand. Reouests to appear at various places have been coming in with greater frenuency than ever before, and there are several on schedule which cannot be reported on herewith because the engagements are for the month of October. Such organii:r.ations as Garden Clubs, Boy Scouts, Public Graded Schools, Private Schools, Service Clubs, Fraternal Orders, State Audubon Societies, C.C.C, Camps, Ministerial Bodies. and Colleges, have been addressed and instructed in what the NA.tional A-lrnociation is doing in bird protection, and conservation in general. These lectures have all been accompanied by the giving of lantern slides as a corollary, these always being well received. A small number of members for the Association have been received as a result of this work, bnt it is hoped that when the work becomes more generally entrenched, it will be productive of a larger number. One is continually impressed by the fact that there are many who cannot indulge their wish of becoming mef.ibers because of the five dollar fee renuired The out-standing educational work performed wa.s the conduction of a two weeks class in bird-study with the young people at the summer conference grounds of the Presbyterfa.n Church, at Montreat, Buncombe County, North Carolina, during the last two weeks in August. The writer was as ked to put on this class by the Chairman of the Program Committee, Dr. J. Gray McAllister, of Richmond, Virginia. It proved to be an un ualified success. Instituted as something entirely new, it was listed as a club activity of the young people and received publicity as such among them. However, there were many adults who attended regularly and seemed much disappointed that they had not heard of it until it had well begun. There were several Boy Scouts also, so that age limit of the class, instead of being collegiate, as was intended at first, ranged from ten years to over eighty years? The schedule followed was an introuctory lecture as to to the purpose of the class, then several morning walks in which bird identification was explained, and a daily lecture period of one hour. Subjects such as the value of birds to man; migration; flight; nesting; enemies of birds; method of attracting birds; the hawks and owls; banding; the Audubon Association and its work; voice, plumage and moulting; field identification and others were discussed at length. Much interest was manifested and Rlthough the membership was somewhat transitory because of the coming and going in a summer colony, there were many who attended straigh t through the course. Literature sent by this Association was eagerly ta.ken and many ouestions asked about it. There is no doubt in the writer's mind that interest not hitherto hRd, was engendered in the Association and its aims and work is more generally known as a result.
Educational Activities Page 2 Enthusiastic col!lf'lendation of thf! course was given by the E1.uthorities who intend mfl.king it a regular pa.rt of the surn)Tler progra.rri of Montreat. The following states were represented in the class. North Carolina; South Carolina; New Jersey; Vireinia; Georgia; Mississippi; Arkansas; Florida; Alabama; Tennesee and Texas. Forty names were enrolled during the first three sessions, many of these attending all the while, Others, who might be classed as casual visitors who appeared from time to time, are not included. The writer also appeared on the Montreat Program on the night of August 31st., to the general public, giving an illustrated lecture on the sanctuary work of the Audubon Association, using lantern slides. This talk officially closed the 1935 season at Montreat, There were several hundred people present, an exact count not being made. He was assured that a like event would be welcomed during the 1936 season. The Montreat Association provided for the writer's boa.rd and lodging in the grounds during the full time of the course, no charge of course, being mEtde to those taking advantage of the work. Following is a list of the localities in which lectures were made du ring the period outlined in the beginning of this report. Locality Charleston, S,C Summeir'irille ,s .c. Charleston, S.C. St. Paul's Pnrish,S.C. Charleston, S.C. Camden, s.c Augusta, Ga. Savanna!x, Ga.. Awendaw, S,C Montreat, N. C. Swa.nnqnoa, N.C. Black Mountain, N.C. Bl a.ck OrgR.nizA.tion Kiwanis Club Civic Leagne .Arion Society .Adams Run Gnrden Simons School Gorden Club High School Sav .Aun. Soc C.C.C. Camp Mont. Prog, Com. Farm School High School Graded Date 1/18/35 216/35 3/7/35 3/11/35 3/13/35 3/25/35 3/29/35 4'12/35 7/17/35 9-19:29-35 9/6/35 9/11/35 9/12/35 Mileage 7 60 7 46 8 176 340 245 71 640 20 6 6 The writer has engagements for October which cannot be reported on in this account, due to the fact that j t has to be in hHnd before the first of that month. These will be included in the report for 1936.
Chevrolet' Coupe, Model 1933 Distance Covered on Sanctuary Inspection No. 1, (Florida) 2038 miles II No. (14,lor .lda), 1714 G II ,, No. 3, (Texas) 3600 ........ Distance Covered on Lecture Trips in the three states' of North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgi A. .......................... 1532 Total 8984 miles Average mileage obtained per gallon of gasoline, 20,6 Motor repaira, one ( 1) spark plug Number of punctures, 2 Average mileRge obtained on complete change of oil, 1600 Additional mileage in cars used on trips, owned by co-operators, 266 mi. Total Transportation Automobile Airplarie .............. 9250 > 885 fniles Boat __ 6_3_6_ II Grand Total 10771 miles
Type of Craft Utilized Distance Covered on Sanctuary Inspection No. 1. (Florida) 360 miles No. 2, (Florida) 10 If If It No. 3, (TexA.s) 236 II ......... Santee Swamp Investigation 30 .................. 636 miles Var ions Types of Craft Util.ized Pirogue Rowboat Ferry Outboard Motor Inboard Mo-torized Skiff CR.bin Dug:-out Special is made to Mesdrs Alston Clapp, Sr., and J. J. Carroll, of Houston, Texas, for the splendid co-operation given by them in the use of their boats on thP Texas inspection. Both of these gentlemen furnished cruisers for trips to the various bird resP.rvations and accompanied the writer on the trips. Without such a.id, it would hRve entailed much expense on the part of the Assoc5ation to rent hoats for some of the trips, as the wardens' bonts are not available. That, for instance, belonging to the warden at Second-Chain-Islands, was la.id up a.t the time of the writer's visit. The boat at Green Island, maintained by the Association gave much troublP. on the trip to and from that sanctuary. The trouble was probably a minor defect, which Larson can remedy by the use of some needed part to thfl carburetor, Trouble was experienced in the Shark River re gion in one of thP Roberts boat (Roy's) hut this was remedied soon after the writer's trip there.
Type of Plane: Pilot: Date: Port of Departure and Arrival: fi' l ] J _:_J L;u Grumman Amphihia.n. Model JF-2 (C.G .-165) Lieut. C B. Olsen February 16th. 1935 Coast Gu.a.rd Air Station. Coconut Grove. Florida Duration of Flight: 3 hrs. 20 min. Left 8:45 a.m. Returned 12:05 p.m. Course: Di9tance Covered: Purpose: Card and Barnes So1mds, Florida Bay. Cape Sable and Keys Survey of status of the Great White Heron in Florida Bay Co-opera.ting Agency: U. S. Coast Guard Findings: See detailed report of Sanctua.rv Survey No. 1. 1935
.. Z Type of plane: Doiiglas Dolphin, Amphibian, Model RD-4 Pilots: Chalker & Lieut. Olsen Date: April 26th. 1935 Port of Departure: Coast Guard Air Station, Coconut Grove, Florida Arri val: Sarne Duration of Flight: 3hra. min. Left 8:45 a.m. Returned 12:15 p.m. Course: Florida & Ten Thousand Islands Distance Covered: 350 miles Purpose: Survey of condition Rookeries and ad.jacent .. territory; contact with wardens. Co-operating Agency: U. s. Coast Guard. Findings: See detailed report of Sanctuary Survey, No. 2, 193n T,
Type of Plane: Pilot: Date: Port of Departure and Arrival: .;-' l ] (> i..:] .... J l>..J J Martin Bomber, Model PM-2 No. 8686, U. S. NA.VY Lieut. T. N. Thweatt, U.S.N, June 24th. 1935 U.S. NavA.1 Air Station, Pensacola, Florida Du.ration of Flight: 2 hours, 10 minutes. Left 12 m. Returned 2:10 p.m. Course: Distance Covered: Purpose: West along coast to point south of Biloxi, Miss. Retunned over same route. 175 miles Survey of islands and mouth of Mohile Bay for reported sea-bird colonies. Co-operating Agency: United States Navy Findings: See detailed report of Sanctuary Survey No. 3, 1935