Citation
Audubon Florida Records, 1900-1970, Box 3 Folder 22 : Warden's Annual Report, Buzzard Island, S.C., 1933-

Material Information

Title:
Audubon Florida Records, 1900-1970, Box 3 Folder 22 : Warden's Annual Report, Buzzard Island, S.C., 1933-
Creator:
Audubon Florida
Place of Publication:
Tampa, Florida
Publisher:
University of South Florida
Publication Date:
Language:
English
Physical Description:
1 folder
Physical Location:
Box 3 Folder 22

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Audubon societies -- Diaries ( lcsh )
Ecology -- Florida ( lcsh )
History -- Gulf Coast (Fla.) -- 20th century ( lcsh )

Notes

Abstract:
The daily journals of Audubon wardens and statewide reports on certain sites and projects cover activities from 1900 to 1970, with most of the materials concentrated between the 1930s and 1950s.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of South Florida
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
032958557 ( ALEPH )
890709008 ( OCLC )
A47-00091 ( USF DOI )
a47.91 ( USF Handle )

USFLDC Membership

Aggregations:
Audubon Florida Records, 1900-1970

Postcard Information

Format:
Mixed Material

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Full Text

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z BUZZARD ISLAND 193 3 WARDEN'S ANNUAL REPORT for National Association of Audubon Societies NOTE-(This r eport s h ould be filled out as promptly as possible after th e close of the breeding season. Salary will not be paid until receipt of a detailed report. ) ::S Name of P. 0. _______ ::c E-; ,. 0 u E-; ........ E-; 0 z 0 name o f island lake Q QuESTIO 1. Name all species of birds y o u protected, and give approximate number

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num be r s o f you n g of eac h s p e cies r ea r ed t h i s ye ar : / ()&LJ QUESTION 3 If sto r m ti des o ccurred, when? __ QUESTION 4 W e r e the bi rds o r thei r eggs di sturbe d ? (Give p a rticul a r s ) t;j 0 z 0 -------------------------------------! QUESTION 5. Was ther e a n y rnc r ease rn the number o f bird s this year? QuESTION 6. G i ve b e l ow n y d e tailed n o te s o f interes t re g arding the protected :;:;;:; ....... trl tc >() 0 ::r: l' ....... z /

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en -::c r-. 0 () O=l r-. E--0 z BUZZARD ISLAND 1934 WARDEN'S ANNUAL REPORT for National Association of Audubon Societies NOTE-(This report should be filled out as promptly as possible after the close of th e breeding season. Salary will n ot be paid until receipt o f a detailed r e port ) Name o f Warden Raymond F GrimbalJ, P 0. Address R F D Jtl Charleston, Area pro ted (s tate name o f islan s c 0 Q QUESTION 1. Name a ll species of bird s you protected, and g ive approximate number

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QUESTION 2 Approximate numbers o f young o f ea c h species reared this year: QUESTION 3 If st orm tides occurre d when 1 _,2 'f{ bird s o r their 1 ;;:-p:ulars ) 0 z c ...., QUESTION 5. Was there an y inc r eas e in the number o f birds this year? QUESTION 6. ....... ...., tTl g; () 0 "Tj >-1 ::c c:n C z

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BUZZARD ISLAND, S. C. 1935 WARDEN'S ANNUAL REPORT for National Association of Audubon Societies NOTE: This report sho uld be filled o ut as promptly as possible after the close of the br ee din g season Salar y will not be paid until receipt of a detailed report -J Z P 0 __________ ....... Areas QUESTION 1. Name all species o f birds yo u protected, and give approximate number o f old bird s present in each separate colony.

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QuESTION 2. Were a normal number of young reared this year? If not give reasons. Answer s parately for each species. _______________ ______ I f / / QuESTIOn 3. If damage was causeby the elements-storm tides, rams, QUESTION 4. QuESTIOn 5. year? Q UESTION 6. in nesting locations giving names of both old and nevv 0 "Tj -.. QUESTION 7. On additional sheets give any notes of interest regarding the birds and recommendations for improvement of the sanctuary and warden service.

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BUZZARD ISLAND,S.C. 1936 WARDEN'S ANNUAL REPORT for National Association of Audubon Societies NOTE: This r e port s h o uld be filled out as promptly as possible a fter the close of the br ee ding season Salary will not be paid unti l receipt of a d e t ai led report. Name of Warden GRIMBALL, Raymond F c.r.4 Z P. 0. Address __ .._.R ........ __,#.._.l ... _________________ E-< 0 z 0 Cl Charleston, S C (is land, pond, swamp, etc.) and give lo-cation (township, county o r pari sh).--,------------------, /1 QUESTION 1. Name all species of birds yo u protected, and give approximate number of old birds present in each separate colony. ______________ r-f_/ / /7Vr. !Ll1cJ.

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QuESTION 2. Were a normal number of young reared this year? If not give reasons. QuESTIOn 3. If damage was cause ; by the elements-storm tides, rams, etc.--state when and extent of damage _________ ____ QUESTION 4. Were the birds or their eggs disturbed by factors other than Give details ___ QuES TIOn 5. the nurn ber of old birds tl s y e a y r /irvJC Q UESTION 6. List any changes in nesting locations giving names of both old and new QuEsTION 7. On additional sheets give any notes of interest regarding the birds and recommendations for improvement of the sanctuary and warden service.

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/ BUZZARD ISLAND ROOKERY SEASON 1937 WARDEN'S ANNUAL REPORT fo.r ... National Association of Audubon Societies NOTE: This r epo rt s hould be filled out as promptly as possible after the close of the br ee din g season. Salary w ill n o t be paid until receipt of a d e tailed repo rt Name of Warden __ RA_YM_J._ON_D_G_R_I_M_B_A L L _______________ Z P 0. Address ___ R_. F ._D_._,#"-1=-------------------,.-. I :r:: 1--0 i:i:::l ........ 0 z 0 0 Charleston, S C. Date Ckt /, If J 7 Areas list each s eparate colon y (island, p ond, swamp, etc.) and give loQUESTION 1. Name all species of birds y ou protected, and give approximate number -r;&_, I I t7-tJ g--o ['1 n '1.H) I .l J--0

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QuESTION 2. Were a normal number of young reared this year? If not give reasons. Answer sepa rat e ly for each species. v'_M (.,!L,_ m;f QuESTIOn 3. If damage was rams, etc. state QUESTION 4. birds or their eggs disturbed by factors other than weather. Give details __ .,_.,_-""-f---------------=--------------QuESTIOn 5. Was there any increas e or decrease in the number of old bird s this year? What was the ca u se? Mnate s QUESTION 6. nesting locatinns giving names of both old and n ew nestrn g places. p QUESTION 7. On additional sheets give any notes of interest regarding the birds and recommendatio ns for improvement of the sanctuary and warden service. t-< z trj

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" / LOCALITY: D ATE: ACCESS: GUIDE: OB..SERvER: BUZZARD ISLAND INSPECTION l 9 3 7 Buzzard Island, Stono River, Charleston County, So. Car. May 6th. 1937 From writer' s home to residence of Raymond Grimball, James Island; from thence to Island by outboard m otor-boat. Raymond F. Grimball. A udubon wvarden Alexander (Sanay) Sprunt. 4th. FINDI GS: Taking advantag e of a very high tide, at whi ch times only the Island may be visited, I inspected this rookery today. It is in a most flourisMng condition and constitutes a valuable addition t o the list of sanctuaries in the south-east, outside of Florida. Most encouraging is the increasing presence of the American Egret in recent years, and particularly this s eason. \ e landed on the Island without any tronble, due t o the high water, and walkerl along almost the entire eastern edge, penetrating here and there, to see conditions inshore. The place is literally full of nests. T here is a luxuriant growth of the Spanish Bayonet {Yucca sp) and it is utilized by m any of the bir s. tanding amid a low growing clump, one can count as many as eight or ten nests almost within arm's reach. The Island is hardly more than an acre in extent, but this condition prevails over the whole of it except in a sma.11 open clearing near the south end. Several large palmettoes stood h ere some yea.rs ago, but were killed by the constant roosting of buzzards upon them. They have fallen and so made a clearing in what otherwise is a dense tangle of vines, grasses and bushes. The tameness of the b irds here is striking. One does not often see egrets seemingly so obli.vious to human presence often. The smaller herons of course. mind one little, but to see the egret at a few yards range has not been the case in the Carolina Low Country for lone. The young had hatched in the egret nests and were healthy looking and well covered with whitish down. ini some cases the feathers appearing also. A few of the herons had hatched but not many Nests held eggs almost universally, from three to five. Only t 'IVO dead young were seen. there were many egg-shells scattered about, probitbly the majority were sim ply shells which had hatched; others g ave ------signs of h11.ving been eaten by crows. The inaccessibility of the Island has g one a long way toward ma.king it the sancturu'y it is. It lies in a vast salt marsh between the Stono River and the shoreline of James Island. much nearer to the latter than the former. The creek which leads in from the river winds about with many twists and turns, and fre< ruently is confusing because of the gutters which branch off from it but lead no where. It is impossible to reach except by bogging on anything but a hig h tide, ho wever, whP-n the 11:1,tter case prevails, it is simple enough as the nose of a skiff may be run actually on the beach of the Island, and one steps out dry-shod. The distance across the marsh to the James Island shore is hardly more than a nuarter of a mile, and the

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Buzzarn Island Inspection, 1937 -2-highland there is a pasture of Mr. Grimball's. He often comes down to a point opposite the Island on.horseback and is able t o see what is going on perfectly. There is little trouble from trespassers. The only disturbing element is a n occasional party from Charleston, w ho see the birds from the River, and sometimes investigate. They may not have any harmful intent, bi1t of course constant landing on the would be detrimental to the birds. The residents of James Island tha t is, t h e nearby farmers etc., rarely if eve r vidit the Island, they know it is protected and that Mr. Grimball always on t h e look-out. The Island lies about two miles and a half from r. Grimball's dock, in a n air line, but the winding s of the creek make it a full three miles trip by small boat from his house, each way. He tells me that, i n the days when pluming went on, that this Island was shot b y parties from New Jersey w ho were on the search for aigrettes. N o s ot of land could be better named: It has been a roosting place for Blac k Vultures for many years. S o m e o f the palmettoes have lost thei r tops, and alm o s t a t any tim e of d ay, one sees these tall stubs crowned by a buz zard. I hile w e viere actually on the Island, only about half a dozen of these birds were but as we were leaving, and 'l!ere about a half mile a way, a flock came sailing over from the runes Island oide, to the number of sixty-one ( 61) every one of which dropped dow n amid t e trees on thProo ery to r oost. Tha t they do some damage to the nesting herons is certain. Just ho w mnch i 3 difficult to say, but their presence there is far from being an advantage. The presence of t he American Egret is a. recent innovation. They came l ast year and r. GriMball mentioned it in his report, though he was no t sure at tha t time, of the identity of the birds. They have at l east doubled in numbe r in a single season. This is moHt unusual locally, for the e gret is a cypress s wamp bird in the Lo Country, and not a marsh-hammock ne ster. H o v1ever, they have taken Buz?.ard Isl1:1.nd in a most satisfactory manner, and bid fair to make a really splendid rookery of i t at the r ate they are going I k no w of no larger gathering of the species on this coast unless it i s in the ashoe Reserve, Santee Gun Club near IV cClellanville. Thi s last areA. is, ho wever, a typical cypress swamp a nd perfectly typica l of the habita t of the egret in this region. Mr. Grim ball has erected an A rrnocia.tion warning sign a t the s pot where a boat woul d come ashore on the Island the only l a n ding place. It could not fail to be seen. Several photographs were taken while on this survey, and thes e will be sen t in as s oon as developed and p rinted. ARDEN: Mr. Grirnball is very much on the job, and takes a keen pe r aonal interest in the birds. He has k no ..,n about this rookery for long years, and it is almost a personal matter with him, as rogards the well being of the birds. The Island is visible from h i s home, but of course rather removed, and while any large boat anchored off it could be readily seen, a small one could not. He watches the Island from his pasture now and then, and runs an occasional patrol do w n the river in his outboard motor. He do e. not l and o ften for obvious reasons; he does not wish to d .isturb the birds. He mA.kes an estj mate of the nests at l east t rn or three times during the season. There is no ouestion bu.t what a. party landing there, and accosted

PAGE 14

" Buzzard Islan
PAGE 15

ISLAND South Carolina WARDEN'S. ANNUAL REPORT for National Association of Audubon Societies NOTE: This report s hould be filled o ut as p romptly as possible a fter the cl ose o f th e breeding season. Salary will not be paid unt i l receipt of a detailed report. Areas protected: lis t eac h sepa rate colony (island, pond, swamp, etc.) a nd give l o-Q UESTION 1. Name all spec ie s o f birds yo u protected, and g ive approximate numbe r o f o ld bird s present in each separate colony. ia -II

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QUESTION 2. Were a normal number of young reared this year? If not give reasons. Answer separately for each QuESTIOn 3. If damage was rains, etc. state QUESTION 4. QuESTIOn 5. the cause! QUESTION 6. ting locations giving names of both old and new QUESTION 7. On additional sheets give any notes of interest regarding the birds and recommendations for improvement of the sanctuary and warden service.

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Buz zard Isla nd -1939 ARDEN'S ANNUAL REPORT for National Association of Audubon Societies NOTE: This report should be filled out as promptly as possible after the close of the breeding season. Salar y will not be paid until receipt of a d e tailed report. Z P. 0. Address ___ -Date/L //?=, # / Areas protected: list each separate colony island, pond, swamp, etc QUESTION 1. Name all species of birds you protected, and give approximate number esent in each separate colo -

PAGE 18

QuESTION 2. Were a normal number of young reared this year? If not give reasons. QuESTIOn 3. If damage was y the elements-storm tides, rams, etc.-state QUESTION 4. Cd ;:i;;. () QUESTIOn 5. vVas there any increase or decrease in the number of old birds this year? : QUESTION 6. List any ges in nesti locations giving names of both old and new r:n L4 nesting places. QUESTION 7. On additional sheets give any notes of interest regarding the birds and recommendations for improvement of the sanctuary and warden service. -z t'rj

PAGE 19

WARDEN'S ANNUAL REPORT for National Association of Audubon Societies NOTE: This report should be filled out as promptly as po s sible after the close of the breeding season S alary will J!b t be paid u n til receipt of a d e tailed report Z P 0. Address __ ..,... Date Areas protected: list each s eparate colony (island pond, swamp, etc.) and give loQ UESTION 1. Name all species of birds y ou protected, and give appro ximate number of old birds present in each separate colony. ,,

PAGE 20

QUESTION 2. Were a normal number of young reared this year? If not give QUESTION 4. eggs disturbed by factors other than weather. ing names of both old and new QUESTION 7. On additional sheets give any notes of interest regarding the birds and recommendations for improvement of the sanctuary and warden service. 0 "rj

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Et 0 D To: / Mr. Alle n A pril lrr 1 9 3 9 E ven thoug h you a n 1 .I a g ree w e could w 1 1 a f r to d r o p mak i 6 any ayme n t to v1r Grimball t o g u a r d the Buzzard I sl.an anc t .ry i S o u t h C arolin a I feel tha t i vie w of S p runt' s re ort a nd r e c orilln e ndations b sed on h i s vis i t the r e A pril 5th l a st, w e conti n u e this y r, a t least, to y r Grimball 50. e x p r e s to h i our a r ecia t i o n of the f a c t that h e h a s been g u a r d i n t h e island a inst d e p r edations of one k ind o r ano ther throughout t h e yea r1 uc h a s t l e taki g of w oo d b n e r o s..a.... earb y and yet make i t clea r that w e do n o t feel co n fident of oZir fin nci a l abi l i t y to m a inta i n such arra n gements n f u ure unless th r e e reat e r dem onstr atio n o f financi a l .sup port from then arby communities. I n a numb e o f m a t t e r s r e cently1w e h ave elt i t w i s est t o g o counter to S r u n t s advice a n d t h e refore I d o not w i s h to o a o in t h i s i n stanc e a t 1 a s t a t this t ime. It i s n o t a matt e r of r e a t n c I x p l a i n e d to S p r n t on t e 'pho e tha t i t was n o t s o muc h a matter o f savi n g 50. as i t was cutti g out exp e n s e where there i s not evi enc e o f loca l i n t e r s t in tbe preserva t ion of the sanct uary a s exp ressed b y membershi or cont r ibut ion s u1 1 r t J HB :

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IN TERVIE vllTH RAYMOND GRH LL RELATIVE TO THE ADVIS BILITY OF DISCONTINUING THE UZZ RD ISLAND S NCTUARY, SO. CAROLINA O n the afternoon of April 5th. 1939 I went over to .Ta.mes and had a talk with Raymond Grimball who, for has acted aB the l::lsociation' s warden a t Buzzard Island, in the Ston o River. The head. ouarter n office has recently ta.D.en under advisement the matter of discontinuing Horne of the sMailler inhabited by sped.ea which are now in goon shape numerically, at lea:i t for a year or two, as an e x perimen t to see whet her detriment would follo w and in order to save funds. When aRk:ed about the expediency of this mov e 'by b oth M r Baker and M r llen, thP. writer a greed that he thought it would not prove to b e a factor which would res1llt in The attit11ne o f most people in the regions il
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2 R.nd, if he is not about the ho1rne watch is kept by his wife, or a trusted nervant who seeing such a bo at, rings the farm bell which bring s Grimball in from the fields, and ta ing his fA.st outhoard, he is do w n a t the Isla.no. in a few min utes. He has w arned many partiAs in just this way \while the landing of such people is not with evil intent, it is plain that mu.ch of it, dnr ing the=> nesting eason, w 11 mili t atA against t h e welfare of the birds. Though I was aware tha t people O.i try to l a nc1 there occaaionally, I wa s not a ware of the fre uency of it, and it ift something to give one pa.use. nother item which is serious is the fact tha t nAgroes from the immediately adjacent m ainlA.nd a n d i l ands, resort to Buzzard I s l and in the f all and winter for firewood! On the face of it this mRY seem inconirn quential, but it il'J f a r frorri hei.ng so actually. The place provitlet 1 the attri=i.ction for egrets an place will h a ve vanished. It really amounts to the f act thA.t Grimball watches the I land the entire year, and not for the few months dnring the rookery season. That this is d one for the srnall sum pa.id him, iR perhaps new9 to the office. These t w o ahove reasons seem to me to be a mpl e for serion:-i comi i deration before we abandon the place. nother occurs to me which, thou.eh less tangi-ble is none the less something to think alJout. Buzzard lslanO. iR one of the few areas ovmed 0 11tright by the ssociation. I h a ve mA.de use of this fact i many tal.
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\ -3fishing and. icnic p arties knew of it, a rid beca.uge I did ot now of the danger attendant upo n the operations of the n egroea in regard to wood. The situation in r eear d to the whole nuestion i 8 r ather unique compared to any other Jl"'lBll SMct ary I kno w of. It i s not by any meand a par:.illel to the Tybee RooKery near avannah, for instance which. wa::1 givFm so e easnn::i aeo or thA .Penny DR-m Roo.cery on thP. plantation of fl Belzer, in Chr ist Church .?arish, S c Thii:i i s a remote locality, buried in a c y press r el'! rve on a l a r g e tract, and rarely visited. Buz z a r d Island is wide open, it i s o wned by the As.ociation, and i s really an advertiaement. l e are procuri g virtually twelve month protection t erE'!, w ith intensified watch during the season b y a highl y capable, and interes ted man for fifty do llars a year! For the R.bove reasons and a conviction that the A:isociation would suffer in the eyes of the loca l people if detrJment did occur, 1 would iltro n gly recommend that it be contina.ed as heretofore. It i a p o s ihle tha t ith the removal o f protection it m i ght not suffer, bnt this seems h ardly pos sible in the lit;ht of the above. A t a.ny r ate, it seems to m e thA.t there is f a r too muc h chance involved, the saving mad e by abandonment would be f a r under the actual loss. a.ction i s not ?JO rmch a reversa l of my former opinion, as it is tha t I was not aw are of the factors involved. I woul d l.i. e to reiterate that M r Gr imball simpl y atated his opinions from actual o bserv!\tiori 2 .n<'l experience, he did not urg e anything a t all, and said he would of course, abide cheerf11lly by anythine which was decided, but really felt that the 'Society" would be ma ing a seriouii m i t a e i n giving 119 the protecti o n there agree with him and advis e against it. Res pe c t f11l ly /Kt.(.dA,f, dw