Audubon Florida Records, 1900-1970, Box 5 Folder 17

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Audubon Florida Records, 1900-1970, Box 5 Folder 17

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Audubon Florida Records, 1900-1970, Box 5 Folder 17
Added title page title:
John O. Larsen - Reports, 1954
Audubon Florida
Place of Publication:
Tampa, Florida
University of South Florida
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1 folder
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Box 5 Folder 17


Subjects / Keywords:
Audubon societies -- Diaries ( lcsh )
Ecology -- Florida ( lcsh )
History -- Gulf Coast (Fla.) -- 20th century ( lcsh )


The daily journals of Audubon wardens and statewide reports on certain sites and projects cover activities from 1900 to 1970, with most of the materials concentrated between the 1930s and 1950s.

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University of South Florida
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University of South Florida
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This object is protected by copyright, and is made available here for research and educational purposes. Permission to reuse, publish, or reproduce the object beyond the bounds of Fair Use or other exemptions to copyright law must be obtained from the copyright holder.
Resource Identifier:
032958557 ( ALEPH )
890709008 ( OCLC )
A47-00150 ( USF DOI )
a47.150 ( USF Handle )

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In The News \ PAGE 4 THURSDAY, NOVEMBE R 22, 1956 SAN FRANCISCO NEWS Meet the Bay 'Birdman' p He. s Warden in New Wildlife Sanctuary BY JACK REIDY News Staff Writer REDWOOD CITYJohn 0. Larson Jr. of Mountain View has a job for tb:e birds It and he are literally for" the birds. He' s the warden who patrols the National Audubon Society's newest wildlife sanctuar.y-1800 acres on Greco Island jus t ea s t of Redwood C ity and the Newar]{ Slough area .s.outh of Sierra Club s San Francisco the Dumbarton Railroad chapter Bri dge s east end of New -ark. .,. Larson is a trim, tanned Texan w it h a friendly relaxed manner, a philosophy all his own and an obvious liking for his w ork. He sent here by the society from his previous job at a sanctuary in Hci. rlingen Texas only si x wetks ago to patr'ol the new pres erve. Ar ,ned only with keen blue eyes binoculars and notebook ,. and pen ll:e tramps the shore ml\rshes or checks sloughs in hi s small outboard mo t or boat dt least five out of every se v en days Observe, Identify His job is t o observe and iden tify the many species of birds in the treeless marshes that make up the sanctuary area, compile ; -reports to the society keep hunters off the preserve and ; educate the public on the sanctuary 1 If you don t know a marbled god wit from a Hud s onian cur' t fe w; if you continually confuse avocets with willets ; or if you weren't aware the Bay marshes are one of t he last breeding g:-ounds for the-ever-rarer Cali fornia clapperrail -th. en Lar son s the man who can set you straight. The new sanctuary; which con s i s ts of two main areas with six miles of Bay between, was established last mon t h after 1 some 20 years of effort to pre serve part of the natural habitat-the shoreline-of water fowl and shore birds from steady encroachment by indus try and urban development. How It Started On a recent walking tour of the sanctuary w ith Larson as gu i de ; it. 'Yas difficult at fITst look t11 imagine the lcw marsh gras s muddy sloughs pro a home for very many b irds. In fact few b irds were in evidence except for seagulls. Aware o.f Bu t after walking a fe w hun dred yards in silence the t walker becomes aware of the twittering and chirping of of birds hidden from sight. "You can v;alk along and not see many birds and it may seem there hardly any there," Larson explained "And then suddenly they fly up from the ground and the water' s edge right and left. He estimated 500 to 600 birds took to the air in a walk of some 1200 yards on the marst.. Larson answe r ed questions as he w alked, with frequent inter ruptions to point out and iden: tify birds "There' s an avocet, a shore bird," he said. Then, without breaking stride went on with an explanation of the usefulness of seagulls-"They're scavengers and help keep the beaches clean." His 'Weapo ns' WhilPLarson s eyes are sh11rp, the binoculars become very use ful when he spots a tiny speck in the distance and brings it close enough with the glasses to identify it a:s a particular spe cies of bird On a narrow plank footbridge he stopped in mid-step: "There's a belted kingfisher the first I've seen in the sanctuary,'' he exclaimed Minutes lateer, walk ing along the Dumbarton rail-Four groups and many indiroad bridge he waved at two viduals were instrumental in speck "'--vu "('i"""v setting up the sanctuary by leas..; q pa!uap pue aamwwo:> ing t he areas -<>ljS .\q papoddns seM. u lie Q lt C o ao\e.t'!i. \-g, r 1 paJaaa pa11 c\.e, JO p1noM. O M l JO u ois uadsn s pue uSt sa.r 01 UJH:JUTU. O<'l ;}U(\ D'lll.l'IP'.\ PAUL LARSON SCANS H I S DOMAI N Is it a marbled godwit or Hudsonian curlew? for the cleanest dr i est office son hasn t had to cite any ; and regular 9 t o 5 hours fi v e Larson is confident the sane days a week I especially like tuary will ultimately increase J bein g out in the open and see i ng the bird population by providing the things that go on in the outthem with a place where they doors that the average person can hold their own, despite the has no conception of." encroachment of civilization An example he recalled was And according to him "Birds l discovering how some birds help have got more sense than people cool their young during hot sumin some respects. To back this : mer days by submerging themup, he pointed out that a given 4 selves in water, then returning area will support only a certain j to the nest and shading the bird population, and experts selyoung with outspread wings, dom find over-population among which they slowly move in a fan birds ning motion. The water evapo'Good for You ration adds to the cooling ef feet-sort of air conditioning,' Asked if he ever gets lonely Larson. "It' s quite a sight." in his job ; he replied with an ; Larson identifies birds by such unhesitating "No. This job is j features as size markings patgood for you and it has a relaxJ tern of flight, colors silhouette ing effect. You can for ge t the Asked what he looks for, his worries of the world if you 're out l answer was succinct: <'hasing birds But he particularly watches for "Besi des, I m seein g some "specimens that haven t been thing different all the time and sighted before He records I never kno w what to expect their number, the location and n e xt It's never rou ti ne i t' s : the kind of terrain for reports never dull. : he makes later. Not that Larson has only bi rds lll!e1d wo;i l\tuserdol:>a P \.tapal,j 'SJW -:>npoJd A.L e tr[ seM. aq ltJ1jnoq l pu e JG J o a1jepJew Jea.\ !'lf:


WIL D LIFE WARDEN on the job. "I He's Audubon Society warden on new wouldn t trade this for the cleanest, Bay bird sanctuary east of Redwood .' dryest office" says Jack 0. Larson Jr. City, and Newark Slough, near Newark.


Ytr. John o Larson 218 E B uchanan Avenue Harlingen, T exa s Dear John: September 2 3 1954 Thank ou .for your summary report c o ntc..ine d in lett e r of Septembe r O It's g ood to know that you feel that the outlook for 19SS i s at thi time splendid, an d t hat 1954 r pres nted the most successful nesting season since at leas t 19SO. Here's h oping that there will be plenty o f rain and that next spring's vegetati o n will be green from ti.p to root. I a glad t o hear that you are goin to b e a little more cautio us about a young f ellow's doing s o much driving0 u t I am sorry to learn that knee troubl e is still bothering ou. It seems to take a long time to get ov e r .,tra i s o t e ndons and mus l e and I hop e it is nothing more serious th n t a t JHB:e s Since rely yours, John H Baker President


M r John H Baker, 1 13 0 5th A v e., New Yor k 2 8 n Y Dea r M r Bake r : 2 1 8 E Bucha nan Ave n u e Harlingen Tex s, S e p t ember 20, 1954 In anal yzing bird condit i o ns and G r een I sland at this tim e a n d t h e o u tlook for the f uture, it is necessary to go bac k a few years in orde r to ge t t h e true picture. I n Uan u ary 195 1 this *rea had o n e of the m o s t dama g ing cold s pells in its history. This f r eeze killed practically all the fish in L aguna Madre. This w a ter being t he mai n r e s e rvo i r f o r food tha t t he wade r s live o n T h e result for the en suing season vras :-the birds l'.t)Uld co m e in, stay a few da y s a n d then l e ave. a p oo r s eason,ln 1952) Very dry, t o gethe r with in 1 5 1 hav ing t o fin d n estin g places els e where na turally w ent b a c k there again, a nd food no t too p lentyful yet. 1 53 s e a so n was much better for mos t s p ecies. Feeding conditions good thou gh not up t o years b a c k Dry w e a t h e r factor, but w e wer e o n the up grade again. j 19 5 4 season started o u t rrruc h better fro m ev ery stan d point since 195 0 This year we have the b est b alance i n the vari o u s s p ecie s that w e hav e had for a number o f years, and a n a bundan ce o f bird food i n t he Bay. Have been in need o i rai n so the f o l i a g e was v ery sparse a goo d part o f the time T he b irds nesting o n the I s l a nd this g r e t Snowy g ret, Ameri can ret, W a r d s H e r on Bla c k -crovmed N i gh t Her on Lou i s i ana Heron a n d one nest of L ittle Blue Hero n The White Ibi s Eastern Gloss Ibi s an d the Whit d Glossy I bis also n ested. There are five s p e cies that nes e s s eason th t v r t here en I first took o ver e care o the Island The five are the three ( i nds of Ibis, Little Blue the American Ther e vmre a fair n u>:iber of Least ferns tha t nested on the sand flats of Green I sland, also a few B l a c k S kirruners There vrere, however larg e number o f Skimmers L east Terns and Terns nesting on the m u d f lats along the canal. A t times there were larg e number s o f Pelicans i n this regio n The number of poon bill s on Island flats and shallow w aters around t h e Island showed u p in much Iar er num ers the n we hav e had since the b e g i nning of war #2


fr. B aker ff 2 Many o f the upper b ranches on the t rees are d e a d resu l t o f t h e b i g f reez e There a r e s p r o u t s co ming ou t below the d e a d w o o d and i;rj_ t h pro per amount of rain the t r ees a n d brush wil l c o m e b a c k and a gain b e the p e rfect setting. So m e prog r e s s was made the latt e r part o f the 5 4 s eason. Th e o u t l o o k as o f n o w for the 155 s e a s o n i s splendid. I t has been a n umbe r of years s i n c e w e h ave had the p e r fect bala nce between the various s pecie s that we finished with t his year i t h the p r op e r amount o f rai n we w ill g o f o r ward by lea p s and b o u n d s and in a sho r t time w e will b e a t the sat u ration p oint again. I told y ou o f the expe r iment w e ins t ituted this seas o n i n reg a rds to the contr o l of the Gr a c kle! Vfe are qu i t e well s atisfied w i t h the results so far. I t will h o w ever t alce one or t w o mor e year s t o d e t ermine t h e methods true v:alu ee I am h o p e ful that i t will prov e ou t with wished for r e s ults o J looking at the Island and bird c o nditions from every stand p o i ng it i s truzy i n the ost promising condition that w e have had for a number of years. Our one worry is e n ou g h rain JOL : l o W a r den on G reen Island Bird Sanctuary.


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N Plan ts Grow i ng on Green Islan 'l'rees and '!'all Shrubs Granjeno Celtis Pallida Brasil (Brazil Wood) Condalia Obovat.a False Buckthorn (Chittam Wood) Bu!Ilelia i..anuginosa 'l'exa.s E.bony Pit.hecellibium Flexicaule Como (Chicle Tree) Bu."!le1ia Schott.ii Bar et ta (Rue Plant) ( To:rchold) Amy "'is is Mesquite -Prosopis Chilensis Cross Thorn -Randia mitis Bushes Elbow Bush Forest_iera -.rn{$ustiolia 1t-i1ld Boxwood ( C"ossthorn) G c;_ ifolia ; t a r1a. fighia Glabrt Zither wood Cit.hatexylum Be1"landie 1 j W d Cap:i CO.'Tl F :n1 escens Leather Leaf Maytenus PhyJ la.YJ.tho aes Bee Bush (Whit,e Brush) Lippia Ligu.str5na Lantana -Lantana Camara Silvcrleaf (Woo1.y Indian) Ha_low .. Ab i:.ilon Incan im Amargcsa C<.'l.stela 'fexana Cenizo -Leucophyllum Frutesceno Desert Yaupon S chaeff eria Coneif olia. -Jat.ropha Spat.hulat a Dagger Yucca 'f recnleana Magucy -Agave Ame icana Coyotillo Ka.rwinskia Humboldticma Chaparral Adelphia Infest Sand Croton Crot,on 'l'exensis Vines 'fexas Ivy (Cow itchT Gissus Inc i s a iNild Balsam Apple -Iberuillca Lind /'!eJ.mexi Vine Night. Sh&d e -Solanum Weeds & Grasses Portulaca Portulaca Ciieraceae Gum Plant. -Grindelia Inuloides Devi l s Shaving Brush -Perezia Runcirr&ta Vine (.Se si tive Plant) Schran!.cia Silver leaf 1Ught Shade Solanum Elaeagnifolivm Sea Sesuvium Portulacastrum Bur-head Sida Sida Spinosa Sea Oats Uniola Paniculat.a


Native Plants GroHing on G:ceen Island 'frees and 'fall Shrubs Granjeno -Celtis Pc>.llida Bras:i.l (Brazil Wood) -Condalia False Buckthorn (Chittam W oo d) Bumelia Lanuginosa Texas Ebony Pithecellibium Flexicaule Como (Chicle 'l'ree) Bu.11elia Schottii Baret.ta (Rue Plarit) (Torchold) Am:Fi. s Madrens s Mesquite Prosopis Chilensis Cross Thorn Randia mitis Bushes Elbow Bush -F orestiera Wild Boxwood (Cross thorn) G rminda lf-ifolia. l'lanzani ta alf'lghia Zi Ci tha-r exylu.rn BerJ nciie:r i Wi d 1-'eppe:c Cap:icom Frutescens Leather Leaf Ma.ytenus Phyllanthoiaes Bee Bush (\Jhite Brush) Lippia Ligustrjna Lan' ana Lantana Camara Silverleaf (\fooly Indian) Hallo-;.i Abutilon Incam.v.1 Amargosa -Castela Texana Cenizo -Leucophyllum Frutescens Ya upon Schaeff eria Coneif olia Leatherweed Jat opha SpathulaC.a .::>panish Dagger Yucca 'f reculeana Maguey Agave Americana Coyotillo -Karwinskia Humbolatiana Chaparral Adelphia Infest.a Sand Croton -Croton 'l'exensj. Vines Texa s Ivy (Cow itch;-cissus I nc ise. \11ild Balsam Apple Iberuillea Lindheimeri Vine Nighc. Shade Sol i um Triq1, W e eds & Grasses Portulaca Portulaca Oleraceae-Gum Plant -Gr:..ndelia Inuloides Davil 1 s ;:)havj_ng Bru h -Perezia Tiuncinc:.ta Shame Vine (Sensitive Pla_t) Schrankia Roemeriana Silver .Leaf Night Shade Sol.,,,num Elaeagnif 0 ium Sea Purslane Sesuviurn Portulaca '0rum Bur-head Sida -Side>. Spinosa Sea Oats Uniola Paniculat


N ative Plents G r owing on Green I<>land T r e e s and Shr u b s Granjeno -Celtis P a llida .! Brasil (Brazil Wood) Condalia Obovata. False Bl.l.clctho r n (Ch:i.t tar11 W o od ) B umelia Lanugincsa Texas Ebony Pithecell ibium FJ.exicaule Como (Chicle 'free) Bu."neli a .:Jchot tii Baret t a (Rue P lant) ('l'orchold) Amyrjs 11adre n s is Mesquj te 4 .?rosopis Chilensis Cross 'horn .,. H.andia mi tis Bushes Elbow Bush -F'oresi;iera Kngu st.if.olia hild Boxwood .. ( C rosst.horn) G 11ilind;:-, 1.a11folia. "lanzunita ''lalfighia e Zi the:r wcod C itharexylum BerJ.andi.e i 1 Wild PeJp2" C

Native Plants on Green Island 'frees and '1'all Shrubs Granjeno -Celtis Pallid a Bra sil (Brazil W ood) Condalia Obo-vata False Buckthorn (Chittam Wood) Bumelj a Lanuginosa 'l'exas Ebony Flexicaule Com o (Chicle 'l'ree ) Bu.'nelia Schottii Baret.ta (Rue Plcrlt) ('forchold) Amyr:i.s Madrensis Mesqui,e Prosopis Chilensis Cross 'l' Handia Bushes Elbow Bush Forestiera AnRUs t.i.folia Wild Bo:>..'1mod ( C:i."ossthorn) G nnind,-.1 l..:i.1 ifolia ta Nalfighia Glabr 2 Zitherw0od Citharexy'lum Ber ,,.mdi e 1 J w d Peppe:t Cap icom 'F'rut

Nal;ive Plants G rowing on Green Island Trees and Tall Shrubs G ranJeno -Celtis Pallida Brasil (Brazi l Wood) C ondalia Obovat.a False Buckthorn (Chittain Wood) Bumelja Lanuginosa 'fexas Ebony Pithecellibium Flex;caul e Corno (Chicl e '1'ree) Bu.'Tlelia Schottii Barett a (Rue Plant) ('l'orchol d) Amyris ;'J'adrensis Mesquite Prosopis Chilensi s Cross '!'h orn r:ia.n d i a mi tis Bushes Elbow Bush -F ores t i e r a Angust. i:olia Bm .. "'Wood ( Cr oss thorn) G rmind:. 1 L d olia 11anza:d ta G l abra Zi then:ood Ci Berlandi ei :i ltlild .l:'epp0 ) Cap:i.C(>m Frn escen::; Leatiler Leaf -t-1ayi;enus Phyllanc u i deR Bee Bus h (tvhi te Brush) Lippia Ligus t.d na Lanta n a ... Lantan a Camara Silverleaf (Wool y H allo w Abutilon I ncam.u; 1 Ama.rgosa Cas tela fexana C enizo Le ucophyllum Frute8 c ens Desert, Yaupon -Schaeff eria Coneifalia 1eathe:rwsed -Jatropha Spathulata ;:,pani sh Dagger Yucca f reculea..1a Maguey A g av e Coyo'iiillo Humboldtiana C haparral -Adelphia Infest.a Sand Croton Croton 'l'exens:Ls Vi nes Texas Ivy ( Cow it h) Cis s us I n c is2 wild Balsam Apple -Iberuillea Lind 1e:iueri Vine Ni g h t Shade Sol a urn 'l'riquetrum W e eds & Gras s e s Portulaca P ortulaca Oleraceae Gum Plant -Grindelia Inuloide s Devi l s Shaving Brush -Pere z i Runcinata Sha."fle Vine ( Sen i tive Plant) S chranki a Roemeriana Silver L eaf lJigh t S hade -Solanurn Elaeagnifolium Sea Purelane Se s u vium Portulacastrum Bur-head Sida S ida Spinosa Sea Oats Uniola Paniculat a

PAGE 13 Pl2n'a:: on Gree n Islsnd 'free"' and '!'all Shrubs Granjeno -Celcis Pallida d Brasj_l (Brazil Wood) C o ndalia. Obovata False Th.i.cktho:;:"n (Chittam ifiood) Bumel:l.a Lanuginosa Texas Ebony Pit,hecellibi um Flexicaul e Como (Chicle Tree) Bu.'nelia chot.tii Baretta (Rue (Torchold) Amyr:l.s Madrensis Mesquite -Prosop:i_s Ch J.en.)tco Cross Thorr1 ila.r1ciia rd tis Busies Elbow Bi;.sh Wild Boxwood ( Cror.sthorn) G rn.inrL J.:: :i.folia lfanzahi ta ,1a J..fighJ.a Clabrc1 Zi thenood Ci t.hare:::cy1.UJ11 anrl ,_;c '.'Ji d Cantcom Fi.u .e:::cens Leather Leaf PhyJ Bee Bush (WhJ te :r-ush) L:i.p)Yi.a Ligust.2:l na Lantana Lan t Camara Silverleaf' (\fooly Indian) Hallot'l Abut.ilon Incanum Amargos Gastela '1.'exana Cenizo -Leucophyllum Fr?1.rtec;cen.:i Desert Ya.upon Schaeff eria Coneifolia Leatherwe d Jatropha Spathulat.a .::>panish Dagger Yucca 'J.'reculea.."'la Maguey Agave Amer j _cana Coyot ,illo Karwins}da Humbolci:t.ian a Chaparral -Adelphia Inf est.a Sand Croton Crot,on 'l'exensis Vines Texas Ivy (Cow Incisa Balsam Apple -Iberuille a Lindhei11

Plant s on Gree n I s l and 'frees and 'l'all Sh r u b s Gra njeno -Celtis Pallida Bra sil (Brazil Wood) C:ondalia O bovat.a False Buckthorn (Chitta.i-n W o od ) Bumelia Lanuginosa 'l'exas Ebony -P:i.t.hecellibium Flexicaule Como (Chicle Tree) BumelJ_a Schottii Barei:.ta (Rue Plant) ('forchold) Amyr:l.s Madrensis fvlasquite Prosopis Chilensis Cross Thorn .. mi tis Bushes Elbow Bush -Wild Boxwoo d ( Crossthorn) G :,rndnck 1.:l l:folia .Manzani.. t.a. -Malf:l.ghia Glabra Zi therwood .. Ci tha1 exylum Ber1ancl:i.e:r :i 11'1ct .l:'eppe1 = Capicom Fr -utescens Leather Leaf -ffay Lenus PhyJ.J.ant .hoi ctcs Bee Bush (V-Jhit.G Brimh) Li pp:rn Ligustrina Lantana -Lantana Can1anJ. Silve:dee.f .... (Woo) y Hallow Abu-dlon Incanu.'11 .Amargosa -Castela 'fexana Cenizo -Leucophyllum Frutescens Desert Yau.pen Schaeffe-r::l.a Coneif olia Leathe:i."Wecd J at.ropha Spathulata .::>panish Dagger Yucca 'f reculeana Maguey Agave Amer:tcana Coyo';;illo Karwinslda Hum.bold-Giana Chaparral -Adelphia Infesta S

I Native PJ.ants Growing on Green Island Trees and Tall Shrubs Granjeno -Celtis Pallida. Brasil (Bre.zil Wood) Condalia Obova:l:ie?;'. False Buckthorn {Chittam Woo d) Bumelia Lanuginosa 'l'exas Ebony ,. Pit,hecellibium Flexioaule Como (Chicle 1ree) Bumelia Schottii Baretta (Rue Plant) (Torchold) Amyris Madrensis Mesquite -Prosopis Chilensis Cross 1horn Randia mitis Bushes Elbow Bush Forestie"ia "Angust.i:eolia Wild Bo}:\-JOOcl ( Crossthorn) G nnind<>. 1. i:.ifolia 1'1imzani ta H c:1lfighj.a Glabz a Z:i.the:rwood CJ. tha1e:zyl1im Be:; rland::l e r i W:l.ld l:'epper Cap''.'.lin J!'rutescens Leather Leaf Phylla11t ho laes Bee Bush (White Brush) Lippia Ligustrlna Lant.ana Lant1ma Camara Silverleaf (Wooly Indian) Mallo'Tti Abutilon Incanur.1 J1 ... 11argosa Castela Texana Cenizo Leucophyllum Frutescens Desert Y a upon -Schaeff eria Coneif olia Lea therweed Jatropha Spathulata ;:>panish Dagge.r Yucca 'f Haguey Agave k11ericana Coyot,illo Karwinskia Humboldtiana Chaparr a l -Adelphia Infesta Sand Croton -Croton Texensi s Vines '1'exa.s Ivy (Cow j_i;.ch}"'CiSsus Incts::..: \'Vil d Ba lsam Aobl" -Iberuillea Lindhe:l1ae:i:i Vine Night Solanu.rn 'l'riquetru.rn Weeds & Grasses P ortulaca Portulnca-Plant -Grindelia Inuloides Devil 1 s Shaving Brush Perezia Runcinata Shame Vine -(.3ensi tive Plant) Schrankia Roemeriana Sihrer Leaf Hight Shade Solanum Elaeagnii'olium Sea Purslane Sesuvhun P ort,ulacastrum Bur-head Sida -Sid a Spinosa Sea Oats Uniola Paniculat,a


Cacti and Succulents Prickly Pear Opunt,ia Grandiflora t Night Blooming Cereus -Acanthocereus Pentagonus Fish Hook Cactus -Ferocactus Ha111atacanthus Barrel Cactus -F'erocactus 'V>Jislizeni Small Pincushion Mamillaria Multiceps Large Pincushion -:Manillaria Hemisphaerica Barbados Aloe Aloe Vera (Possibly Introduced) Kalanchoa Kalanchoa Dlossfeldiana (Possibly Introauced) Large Fj.nger Cactus Echinocereus BJ.anckii Small Finger Cactus Echinocereus Pentalophus Pencil Cactus Wilcoxia Poselgeri 'f sah:Lllo (Jump ... and-get-you) Opuntia Lep'i:;ocaulis


Cacti and Succulents Prickly Peai Opunt.ia Gra...vidiflora Night Blooming Cereus Acan.thocereus Pentagonus Fish Hook Cactus -Ferccactus Barrel Cactus :F'erocactus Wislizeni Sma..11 Pincushion Ma.millaria Multiceps Large Pincushion Na11illaria Rernisphaerica Barbados Aloe Aloe Vera (Possibly Introduced) Kalanchoa Kalenchoa Blossfeldiana Introduced) Large 1'"'inger Cectus -Echinocereus Blanckii Small Finger Cactus Ech..inocereus Pentalophus Pencil Cact.1s \"Jilcoxj_a Pcselgeri (Jump ... and get-you) Opuntia Leptocaulis


Cacti and Succulents Prj.ckly Pear Opuntia Grandiflora Night Blooming Cereus Acanthocereus Pentagonus Fish Hook Cactus Ferocactus Harnatacanthus Barrel Cactus Ferocactus Wislizeni Small Pincushion Multiceps Large' Pincushion Mamillaria Hemisphaerica Barbados Aloe Aloe Vera (Possibly Introduced) Kalanchoa Kalanchoa Blossfeldiana (Possibly Introduced) Large Finger -Echinocereus Blanckii Small Finger C actus -Echinocereus Pentalophus Pencil Cactus lriilco..'Cia Posel geri 'fasahillo (Jump ... and-getyou) O puntia Leptocaulis


Cact:i. and Succulents Prickly Pea:c Opuntia Gr andi.flora Night; Blooming Cereus Acanthocereus Pentagonus Fish Hook Cactus -Ferocactus Ha111atacanthus Barrel Cactus F'erocaci;us 1--Jislizeni Small Pincushion -Mamillaria Multiceps Large PinciJ.shicn --r.lamil1aria Hsdspnaerica Baroados Aloe -Aloe Vera (Possibly Introduced) Kalanchoa Kalm:ichoa Dlossf'eldiana (Possibly Int,roduced) Large Finger Cactus Echinocereus Blanckii Small F'inger Ca.ctus Echincc ereus PentaJ.ophus Pencil Ce.ctus -Wilcoxia Poselgeri 'fasahillo Opuntia Leptocaulis


Cacti and Succulents Prickly Pear Opuntia Grandi.flora Night Blooming Cereus Pentagonus Fish Hook Cactus Ferocactus Hamatacanthus Barrel Cactus -F'erocactus Small Pincushion Hamillaria Multiceps Large Pincushion Barbados Aloe Aloe Vera (Possibly Introduced) Kalanchoa Kale.nchoa Blossf eldiana (Possibly Introc\wed) Large Finger Cactus -Echinocereus Blanckii Small Finger Cactus Echinocereus Pentalophus Pencil Cactus Poselgeri 'l'a.sahil.lo ( Opuntia Leptocaulis


Cacti and Succulents Prickly Pear -Opuntia Grandiflora Night Blooming Cereus -Acanthocereus Pentagonus Fish Hook Cactus -Ferocactus Harnatacanthus Bar.eel Cactus Ferocactu s ltiislizeni Smail Pincushion Marnil.1aria. Multiceps Large Pincushion -Memillaria Hemisphaerica Barbados Aloe -Aloe Ver a (Possibly Introduce d) Kalanch oa -Kalanchoa Blossfeldiana (Possibly Introduced) Large Finger Cactus Echino cereus Blanckii Small Finger Cactus Echinocereus PentaJ.ophus Pencil Cactus \'Jilcaxia Poselgeri .rasahillo (Jump-and-get-you) Opuntia


Cacti and Succ-0.lents ------Prickly Pear Opun-tia G1ai."1diflora Night Blooming Cereus -Acanthocereus Pentagonus Fish Hook Cactus Ferocactus Hamatacanthus Barrel Cact us -l"erocad,us Wislizeni Smail Pj.ncushion Hamillaria Multiceps Large Pincushion -Mfunillaria Hemisphae:C'ica Barbados Aloe Aloe Vera (Possibly Introduced ) Kalanchoa Kalenchoa Blossf eldiana (Possibly Introouced) La1'ge Finger Cactus -Echinocereus Blanckii Small Finger Cactus Ecb.inocereus Pentaloplms Pencil Cactus Poselgeri Tasahil.1o (Jurnp-a1!.d -get-you) Opuntia 1eptocaulis


,, Cac t i and Succulon-i:.s Prickly Pear Opuntia Granoif'lora Night, Blooming Cereus Acanthocereus Pentagonu. s Fish tiook Cactus Ferccactus Hamatucanthus Bar.eel Cactus Ferocact, s 1t1islizeni Smail Pincushion Hamillo.:ria Multiceps La:cge Pincushion .ille.ria a Barbados Aloe -Aloe Vera (Possibly Introduced) Kalanchoa Ko.lci.nchoa Blossfeldiar:.a (Possibly Introduced) Laxge Finger Cactus -Echinocereus Blanc di Small 'ff Cactus Ec:1inoc ereus Pe.1talop.11s ringer -Penc1 Caccus Wilcoxia Poselger:i 'fasahillo (Jum.p-an.d -get-:rou) Opunt.ia Leptocaulis


Cacti and Succulcn t q Pric_'ly Pear Opuntia G:..andiflora Night Bloom ing Ce:reus .AcanthocE:reus Penta.genu s Ftsh Hook Cac tv.s Ferccactus Ha.l'f1at.'.lcanthL1s Bar:cel Cactus -F'erocacti s 1t!isl izeni Smail Pincushion H.:millaria Mult.iceps J_,m'ge Pincushion -Mc:millaria B:enisphaeIica Barbados A loe -Aloe Ver&. (Possibly Introd1.:ccd) Kalanchoa -Ifale.nchoa B loss f e ldiana (Possibly Inl;:roduced) ""_,a;.. ge li'inger Cactus Ee. 5.nocereus Blanc_{ii Smal l F i nge r Cactus E c l1:rnocereus Pentalophus Pencj_l Cactus -t-!ilco.,';:ia Poselgeri ( J w1p and -get -you) Opu n-i:.ia Leptocaulis


Mr. C arl w Buchheister National Audubon Soc. 1130 5th Ave. New York 28, New York. Dear Mr. Buchheister: 923 W Johnson St. Harlingen, Texas April 11, 1 961 The following is a report on the season at the Richardson Bay We have discuss ed most of the activities but I don't think.that I you figures covering visitors a n d the numbers and kinds of birds. There were 1347 children through the Sanctuary, also about 400 adults. Part of the adults came with the children as leaders and the balance were intrested i n the Sanctuary. It is intresting to note that out of the number of children this year only about 50 were repeats from last year. I am listing in the order of abundance the ducks observed ; 1. Scaup : 2. Pintails : 3. Rudy Ducks: 4. Canvasback : 5. Surf and White Winged Scoter :6. Buffle Head, Mallard, Baldpate, Shoveller, Red Breasted Merganser, and American Golden Eye. One pair of C innamon Teal. The ducks listee under number 6 were in about numbers and made up about 12% of the total. The Canvasback was more bundanthis year with about a 20% increase over last year. The daily average on the bay was about 7 thousand birds per day with the largest build up being about 17 thousaad ducks. This number does not include such birds as Coo s, rebe an etc. On several occasions the totol number of birds of all kinds would run between 30 thousand and 33 thousaad. These large numbers brought about bp runs of fish into the bay.We Had a good showing of shore birds that were in and out of the Sanctuary their commings and goings seemed to be controled the abundance of food or weather conditions.The ducks started arriving in numbe r s about the 10th to 15tth of October which I am. sure was due in part to the opening of the hunting season. The number of ducks on the bay started to drop about the 10th of March and was down to about eight hungred by the time we left on the 27th. I stopped and talked to about ht boaters found in or near the Sanctuary and explained to them the reason for the Sanctuary and they all assured me that they would cooperate. I.think for next year it would be a good think to have some inexpensive of the area printed to give to the Harbor Masters and launching ramps to be passed on to the boaters showing the boundries of the Sanctuary. If you have any questions about the aboe report I will try to aswere them for youo


-----I NATIONAL AUDUBON SOCIETY ':Jja &/verw,e, n / 11 3 () Telephone: ENright 9 2100 March 4, 1960 To you, as a generous contributor to the Richardson Bay Wildlife Sanctuary Project in Marin County, we take pleasure in sendi ng this encouraging report. The option to purchase some 585 acres of submerged lands, lying between Belvedere and Strawberry Point, was exercised by the Richardson Bay F oundatio n This was made possible by financing by the State of California, through its R oad Department, the City of Belvedere, the County of Marin and this Society. The S o c iety's participation was based, as you will recall, on its giving its share of title to the County and the City on the condition that there be granted t o the Society fifty-year leases, at nominal sum, to maintain the submerged lands as a wildlife sanctuary. Such leases were executed by the County in 1958, and by the C ity in 1959 An experienced Audubon warden, John 0 Larson, J r was empl oyed for the 1959-60 season. The Marin Conservation League offer ed Mr. and Mrs. Larson and their two children lodgings for the season at the Dickey Memorial House at the Verrall Wildlife Sanctuary; they to serve as caretakers at the House Mr. and M r s Ri chard" Y Dakin of Belvedere loaned their boat for warden patrol use for t he season. Public notice was given that on November 3, 1959 the sanctuary area would be closed to public use, as per lease provisions, until such time in t he spri ng as, in the judgment of the Society, as manager of the sanctuary, the waterfowl numbers had substantially and seasonally declined. Public notice was g iven that t he sanctuary area would again be open to the public on March 15 1960 Such p rocess will be repeated annually during the terms of t he lease. 12 kinds of ducks, 6 kinds of grebes and loons, 2 of cormorants, 4 of herons and egrets, 9 of sandpipers and plovers, 9 of gulls and terns were observed in the sanctuary during the period closed to public use, and the largest total number of birds in the sanctuary at any one time was reliably estimated at 23,000. 1,148 children, coming by appointment with their school teachers, scout or other youth leaders, came to the sanctuary during the closed period and enjoyed F o unded 190 5 ... Dedicated t o Conservation o f Wildl ife, P l ant s Soi l an. d Water in Relation t o Human Prog ress


-2 -outdoor educational experiences under the leadership of warden Larson. This facet of the program will grow. Thank you again for the invaluable assistance you have given. We shall hope that in the 1960-61 season (probably from about November 1 to about March 15) you may wish to visit the sanctuary and see for yourself just where it is and what uses are being made of it, both by the birds and by the children. Sincerely yours, John H. Baker President Emeritus


For release March 11, 196 0 "Substantial seasonal reduction in the number of waterf owl in Richardson Bay having become noticeable, the wildlife sanctuary area --some 585 acres of submerged land and water surface bet ween Belvedere and Strawberry Point --will be reopened to public use beginning Friday, March 15, 1960", said Carl W. Buchheister, President of the National Audubon Society, today. "This is d o ne", he said "in conformance with the terms of leases of these submerged lands to the Society, for wildlife sanctuary purposes, by the County of Marin and the City of Belvedere." "When the waterfowl again become plentiful in Richardson Bay in the fall of 1960, public notice will be given by the Society that the sanctuary area will be closed, as of a specific date t o public use, until such time in the spring of 1961 as date of reopening be announced by the Society." "The Society wishes to take this opportunity to express t o the people in the communities nearby to the sanctuary its great appreciation of their fine cooperation during the period that the area has been closed to public use since November 3, 1959." 30 -


308 OAKDALE AVENUE, MILL VALLEY, CALIFORNIA Dear Fellow Conservationists : I am addressing this letter to you who might make individual contributions or pledges to our Foundation for the Preservation of Richardson Bay You will recall that of the 625 acres of tidelands acquired, portions of it were bought by: ( 1) National Audubon Society, (2) County of Marin, (3) City of Belvedere, (4) State Division of Highways ... and the re maining 50 acres is still held by the Foundation. The acreages owned by the City of Be lvedere and by the County of Marin are under lease to National Audubon Society for use as a sanctuary for migrating water fowl. The Audubon Society now has a deputized warden on duty, Mr. John 0. Larson, Jr ., living in the Donald R. Dickey house at 376 Tiburon Boulevard Tel. DU 8-9843, on the Rose Verrell Wildlife Refuge. Mr. Larson is marking off the areas reserved as wild life sanctuary and patrols these to exclude all boating during the period when migrating waterfowl are present and seasonally plentiful. One advantage of patrolling the area is that the waterfowl feel safe to rest during their migratory flight and that they come to the shore to be fed This is being done in many sanctuaries throughout the country You will recall that except for the work done by the Richardson Bay Foundation and the generous help and support with contributions, these tidelands would have been filled in and two thousand houses built in these areas. This would have meant the loss of all aquatic recreation, and also the loss of a protected area for migrating waterfowl. The total cost of these tidelands has been $232,500 and only the amount of $13,000 remai n s to be paid. This will complete the purchase of the last 50 acres of tidelands. We hope you are interested and might also know others who would he l p us with this much-needed Conservation program A H funds give n to the Founda1tion are tax deductable and can be sent to our treasurer, Mr. Eugene Wheary at 100 Rolling Hill Road, Tiburon. Cordially yours, Caroline S. Livermore President { A Non-Profit Corporation Dedicated to the Conservation and Develo1nuent of Richardson Bay tis a Natu r a l Physical Resource of the San Francisco Ba.y Area Officer s and Directors : Chairman, Mrs N orman B. Livermore ; Vice Chairma n, Dr. I. D Steinh ardt; S e c ond Vice Chairman, Ever ett J e nsen; S ecre t a r y, Mrs Calvin T e r willige r ; Tre a surer, Euge n e C Wheary; L eigh Ath e arn, Mrs A l f r e d Azevedo, Dr. R. C. Cogswell, Jr., Richard Y Dakin, George Goddard, H arold K Gra ves, J ohn L. King, Willia m Pomeroy Willia m M Roth


7 THE REDWOOD LOG Marin Audubon Society 37 6 Tiburon Highway, Tiburon January 18, 1960 TO PRINCIPALS Of MARIN COUNTY SCHOOLS r;_ Vt, tfl( l[ o u CZ 5 -vu 'ZA_f d.Pv S The Marin Audubon Society extends an invitation to your school to participate in the National Junior --Au dubon program. Some of your teachers and leaders might like to know of our local Audubon p rogram. We u rge you to have them take advantage of the presence of a resident Audubon Wa rden, John 0 Larson Jr., who is located at the Rose Verrell Wild Life Refuge, 376 Tiburon Highway, Tiburon Warden Lar son has conducted programs related to "Wild Life Sanctuaries and Migrating Waterfo w l" at other locations; a similar program is being offered here on the Richardson Bay Sanctuary. R eservations fo r field trips can be made by telephoning the Warden at Dunlap 8-9843 He will be here for the duration of the migration season. Please accept and use the. enclosures which we hope will reveal the latent interests for Junior Audubon c I ub work among our youth Since many children have had guns and others received them for Christmas, we urge you to invite Mr. S Thompson Walker of the Junior Museum to talk to classes on Hunter Safety and Ma r in County Rules and Regulations p ertaining to hunting, Mr Walker also has an excellent film on the wi ld life of Marin as well as colored slides of the snakes of our county. We feel that there is a vital need fo r t he Junior Museum to be included as a contributing agency in aiding all Marin County Schools i n the teaching of conservation and science. Sincerely, (Mrs ) ELIZABETH C Rep roduced by: Office of Virgil S Hollis Mar in County Su perintendent of Schools San Rafa el, California E -w: 1I6 0 : l c LIGER I L.:O.S.


u r John O L arson, Jr. 376 Tiburon H i ghwa y Beljf,-ed ereT i bu r on ar1ne County, C lifornia D ear John: October ? 1960 I hav e seen your report of September JO in w hich yo u say tha t M r s Verrall was no t happy t o see you, as s he said tha t I had told her n o on e would b e i n t he yellow house t his w i nter. A s y ou k n o w Mrs. Livermore had written to me some time this past summer saying that i s how Mrs. Verrall felt. I po sted you on tha t a nd I w r o t e Mrs Verrall a letter saying that I had h e a r d t h a t s h e felt that way; assur e d her tha t it was just a rum o r t h a t she knew it was not correct a n d as f a r a s I kne i w, w e had e v ery hope t h t yo u and y our f arni ly w ould again be i 1 the yello w house. T h ere is some t h ing bac k of such as p erhaps she lik e d t h e athroom in the yellow hou s e so much better tha n i n her own that s h e w nted to k e e p o n usin g the h ouse. H o p e y ou w i l l have a f ine season. G l a d to h ear J a ck King is c onsiderin furnish ing you the patrol boat. JH :cet Ever s i n c erely John H Baker Presidertt Emeritus


WARDEN'S: WEEKLY REPORT FORM NATIONAL AUDUBON SOCIETY NOTE: Report w eather conditions; areas patrolled; lwurs and minutes spent patrolling; amount of gaso line, oil or parts purc hased or take n aboard; numhers and names of boats m e t with; names of p er sons m e t with in sanctuary are a s or take n along Mention any unusual happening s ; any disturbance of birds or othe r wildlife; e tirnate numbers and kinds of birds observe d at roosting, feeding or n esting concc tration -warden :g;n or initial here: ,/ .............. : .............................................. ..


For release March 11, 1960 "Substantial seasonal reduction in the number of waterfowl in Richardson Bay having become noticeable, the wildlife sanctuary area --some 585 acres of submerged land and water surface between Belvedere and Strawberry Point --will be reopened to public use beginning Friday, March 15, 1960", said Carl W. Buchheister, President of the National Audubon Society, today. "This is done", he said "in conformance with the terms of leases of these submerged lands to the Society, for wildlife sanctuary purposes, b y the County of Marin and the City of Belvedere." "When the waterfowl again become plentiful in Richardson Bay in the fall of 1960, public notice will be given by the Society that the sanctuary area will be closed, as of a specific date, t o public use, until such time in the spring of 1961 as date of reopening be announced by the Society." "The Society wishes to take this opportunity to express to the people in the communities nearby to the sanctuary its great appreciation of their fine cooperation during th e period that t h e area has been closed to public use since November 3, 1959." 30 -


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