Citation
Audubon Florida Records, 1900-1970, Box 5 Folder 28

Material Information

Title:
Audubon Florida Records, 1900-1970, Box 5 Folder 28 Hutchinson, Mr. Charles D. - Director - Corkscrew Sanctuary
Creator:
Audubon Florida
Place of Publication:
Tampa, Florida
Publisher:
University of South Florida
Publication Date:
Language:
English
Physical Description:
1 folder
Physical Location:
Box 5 Folder 28

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Audubon societies -- Diaries ( lcsh )
Ecology -- Florida ( lcsh )
History -- Gulf Coast (Fla.) -- 20th century ( lcsh )

Notes

Abstract:
The daily journals of Audubon wardens and statewide reports on certain sites and projects cover activities from 1900 to 1970, with most of the materials concentrated between the 1930s and 1950s.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of South Florida
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
032958557 ( ALEPH )
890709008 ( OCLC )
A47-00161 ( USF DOI )
a47.161 ( USF Handle )

USFLDC Membership

Aggregations:
Audubon Florida Records, 1900-1970

Postcard Information

Format:
Mixed Material

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Full Text

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. ..... I .. .tJUCmll41U.8 c. Bl'C!Okt;'i -! .. ., '.. ,. 1(Je He ce i ved ... ,l ... ,.f/....:zliliil$11C c.w. D enc D RCC ORDB D RET D lJ J D File .,,, .,0 Please, re.tum

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Mr. Chal"let D. llutcbinaou Cor:Ucl"ttw SWUU> BanctUU"l Bolt 8o6 Ilnokalee,, flor14a Dear <chs I have not oonr replied to ;you.r letter of December 29 PQ"tly becauae I vu waiting to aee .1Ua't t would d.evelop with regard to tbe mineral. leue situation. TlMt new 1n that reprt 1a, I think, extremely good in that the Bumble 011 vh1oh would leue tram tbe Collier Co. the Jlineral right with relation to tbe aectiona e4 b&l.t ctlon involved in the leaae ot Je.nua.ey 1, 1955 tl"Q1ll the Collier Co. to av $oeiet7, baa adv11e4 the Collier Co. that it wUld be acc.eptable to it, it the Colller eo. and the .. t1onal Audubon 8ociet7 so 4-re, to accept not only the provtaion that tb.el"tt be no clrilling on tbe aurtace ot t:boae 1ectiona, but t:bat be no trespa thereon tor any reaaon at any time during the lite ot the leue, unl with the cQUent ot the lat1cmal Audubon Society. I think ;vou be unduly concerned a\>out the likellbood ot removal from n.id lea1e of the Iiiot section 16 and. tbe At of Hction 19 'l'be putting ot tbeae q,uarter eectiona in the 1-..e ot Janua.rt 1, 1955 by later 11Mnc!mot wu, u 1 think you knov, g.uroual.7 to by-the Collier Co. bi order t1-t our weatel'n fence could. go aroUIU\ an area of high 'WllLter which it 414 not .... feu1ble to tence at that pa:rti
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2 I Hl>M.t that tbere 1 nothing in the le_.. or in any or 1 ae tar aa I can oonvenation vi.th the Collier Co. peopltt which mt.girt, have led them to XPfld that tm. Society 11d.ght, at a lA.ter date, Uu to tboe tw uart:r ection1, OI" even the ent1re Het1oita 18 and 19. There 1, A<>ver, nothing to prevent the ttr l>ei" teken up when and if the Society 4erea to do eo. My O'Wll a4Tice would. be to deter an,. con.iderat1on ot uch po1eible until auch time u the Society hU ordered. alMl obtained. a IUl'YeY ot tb.e vater 1ituat1on in the aa.not-.ry area thi a :reaul.t ot it biring an outstancU.na ttra or an in41.v1dual water engineer to -.ke a etudy tor and report to it. Mr, Bucbbeister, to vbam I aa giving copy o'f thif ba ieeJl laid uP bit thi ,,._k v!th a cold, I will uuest to htil tut aa aoon e.e feable1 afte):" be .haaJ refMl th1a lette1"1 he communicate with 1Q'U because i from :bial an4 not ham me that vou 8houl4. ziece:l.ve your tnStt"Uctiona. &ping all goes well with you, Mr lfutehinlon and )'9ur chil.4ren1 JllBte j CC1 Mr. John a. Baker J?xoeti4ent l!:llerttue I

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Mr. Charles Callison Assistant to the President National Audubon Society 11)) Fifth Avenue New York 28, N .Y. Dear C harlie: AUDUBON HOUSE 1130 FIFTH AVENUE NEW YORK 28, N Y ENriaht 9-2100 February 23, 1965 Your revised date for the presentation of the Natural History Landmark certificate and plaque as suggested in your letter of February 18, presents no difficulties here at the Sanctuary and will coincide with Mr. Buchheister's visit to the area. I shall await confirmation of this date from Mr. Joseph of the National Park Service or through Mr. Brookfield before making any arrangements with the local Press. Best regards. cc: Mr. Brookfield Sincerely, Charles D Hutchinson Superintendent

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0 Dear Carla I have ;yours ot ths 19th about taking J'OU and Billie to Okeechobee on Karch 25th and I will plan to do ao You mention tbe plaque presentation or the 24th but I bave a letter trom Charlie Callison dated February 18th proposing it to ba held on the 23rd. Either date will suit me but please let me lcnn which ie t.he correct date. Sincerely, Obarlees K Brooktield C ahj cc 1 Charles II. Calliaon, President

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cu

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0 r l' I :.ave bee i o d 'by our Florida ':l.epr entat.i ve !-it. left for South .tries and 11 return iarch 21..., o tll ti cer ny I would apprecia -yi ... t bl for Oharl D c hinson ntendent Dear Charlie: You too may have written to Mr. Marshall, if not will ke ep you posted on urther ce

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UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR NATIONAL PARK SERVICE SOUTHEAST REGION IN REPLY REFER TO: P. 0 BOX 10008 N44 x H30 SER (RS) Mr. Charles H. Callison Assistant to the President National Audubon Society Audubon House 1130 Fifth Avenue New York 28, New York Dear Mr. Callison: 23240 Your letter suggesting the date of March 28 for presentation of the Natural History Landmark plaque and certificate for Corkscrew Swamp Sanctuary has been received. We will be pleased to join you on that date. Mr. Charles Marshall will be away from the office on a special assignment during almost the entire month of March and, thus, will be unable to make the presentation for us. Superintendent Stanley C. Joseph of Everglades National Park is a Park Service representative in Florida and a near neighbor to Corkscrew Sanctuary. We will ask him to make the presentation. When your final arrangements are complete, we will appreciate receiving a copy. If we can be of any assistance in the final planning, please let us know. We look forward with considerable pleasure to having Corkscrew Swamp Sanctuary enter the Registry of Natural History Landmarks as the first representative from our Southeastern Region. Sincerely yours, E. M. Lisle Acting Regional Director

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Mr. Charles Mar hall National Park Federal Building Box 1008 Richmond, Vir1g1n1a Dear Mr. Ma.rs}Ulll: Our people 1n southern Florida nave al,.lggested Jarch 28th, aa a good and convenient date for them tor the dedication of Corkacrew Swamp Sanctuary a a rcitg1ste:r$d natural history land mark. How does th1a work out ror you? March 28th is on a Sunday. I am sorry to sugge11t a date that would talce yo\1 away from home on a weelcendj as this probably happens to yoa all too often. OHO. Sincerely yours. Charles H. Callion Asatant to th.e President

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Januaey 29, l96S Dear Hut.ohs Referring to Charlie Call1eon a letter to you Januaey 26th Miaa is leaving tor South Atrica next month and will return Karch 21. She suggests March 28th for the erection of the plaque Please keep ma posted on developments and I will keep thia date open All best. CM81hj oc1 Charles H Callison Secretary to the President Sincerely, Charles M Brooktield

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.

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-UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR NATIONAL PARK SERVICE SOUTHEAST REGION P. 0. BOX 10008 IN REPLY REFER TO: RICHMOND, VIRGINIA 23240 N44 SER(RS) Mr. Charles H. Callison Assistant to the President National Audubon Society 1130 Fifth Avenue New York, New York 10028 Dear Mr. Callison: SEP 3 0 1964 I learned with pleasure from Assistant Director Jackson Price that you would like to go ahead with plans for the presentation of the Registered Natural History Landmark Certificate and Marker for Corkscrew Swamp Sanctuary. This designation for the Sanctuary should be of general interest. It will be especially true since this will be the first Natural History Landmark named within the Southeastern states. In making presentations, we follow the preference of the owners as to whether the occasion is to be a formal public ceremony or private and informal. Both the Certificate and Marker have been prepared, If you will suggest the date most convenient for you, I will be glad to join with you in arrangements for appropriate ceremonies for the presentation. Sincerely yours, Elbert Cox Regional Director

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UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR NATIONAL PARK SERVICE WASHINGTON, D C. 20240 IN REPLY REFER TO: N44-RN September 24, 1964 Mr. Charles H. Callison Assistant to the President National Audubon Society 1130 Fifth A venue New York, New York 10028 Dear Mr. Callison: The certificate and bronze plaque designating Corkscrew Swamp Sanctuary as a Registered Natural History Landmark have been prepared. The Southeast Regional Office of the National Park Service will make arrangements with the National A udubon Society for an appropriate presentation ceremony. I understand that last April Mr. Buchheister expressed the wish that the presentation be made in the fall or early winter. A copy of your letter of September 2 1 is being sent to Regional Director, Southeast Regional Office1 National Park Service, P. o Box 10008, Richmond, Virginia. They will bring you up-todate on the preparations. Sincerely yours, 7 C. Kenny Dale Staff Naturalist (Landmarks) ..

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AUDUBON NATIONAL SOCIETY 1180 Mr. Charles H. Callison Aseistant to the President National Audubon Society Fifth Avenue New York 281 N.Y. Dear Charlie: Telephone: ENright 9 -2100 September 14, Just received your memo requesting if I have any information in connection li{ith erecting a plaque to designate the Sanctuary as aNatural History Landmark' 'lhi s became a very confusing issue to all the staff here last spring. For well over a month before receiving the copy of your letter to Mr. Jackson Price of the National Park Service our visitors were telling us that the Sanctuary had been taken over by the National Parka, many dickering about the entrance fee to a National Park' this they had read in the newspapers and it was not until a visitor showed me a clipping from a newspaper that we were able to explain what had happened, somewhat embarrassing for a while I had not heard nor read at that time or since of any mention to erect a plaque at the Sanctuary to so designate the area as a 'Natural History Landmark'. However I do hope that arrangements can be made to make it more official to our visitors before our 'season' begins Please keep me posted Best regards. Charles D.Hutchinson Superintendent Founded 1905 ... Dedicated to Conservation of Wildlife, Plants Soil and Water in Relation to Human Progress

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30/'A-11-62 NATIONAL AUDUBON SOGIETY 1130 FIFTH AVE., NEW YORK 28, N. Y. MEMO ___ 65 From C Hutcbj nson Re: PJ aque Dear Charlie: Just curious to know if any further development has taken place in connection with the erecting of a plaque or sign by the National Parks Service designating the Sanctuary as a Natural History Landmark A s our main tourist season is about to go in full swing the plaque would be quite impressive to our many visitors. Sincerely hope some last minute arrangements can be made. Best regards for the New Year Sincrely,

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/' 30M64 NATIONAL AUDUBON SOCIETY 1130 FIFTH AVE., NEW YORK 28, N. Y. MEMO

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JOM11-62 NATIONAL AUDUBON S CIETY"' 1130 FIFTH A VE., NEW YORK 28, N. Y. MEMO To MR. CBARI..m D.111J'.l'ClillSO ___ Frou._ C H .. _Ca __ lli_ s o n ___ Re:, ___________ You will. recall that last Spring Corkacrew Swamp Sanctuary became a "Nature.1 History landmark" on a new National. of' such l andmark8, approved by the Secretary of the Interior. It was. our 1.nf'onnation at the time that there probably vould, be sane kind of cerE!'l!v.)l),y in connection with the erection of a plaque at the Sanctuary, and tllat this would take place this autumn. Have you heard anything about it? C.H.C CIC:rt

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/ Mr. Carl Buchheister President National Audubon Society 1130 Fifth Avenue New York 28, N.Y. Dear Mr. Buchheister: AUDUBON HOUSE 1130 FIFTH AVENUE e ,ecei ve
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Rol d Clemen: taff mologist tion l udubon ooiety 11)0 Filth Avenue Now York 261 .y. Rol di .Art r 1 .. a of 1na operation with tbe nmr S.ni. ation pipe imrt.al.J.. rt.unit to oh c w it er l le end flow C\lttent ndir. and thos list.ed low or the hour inval the pump ba been '1n cmt:!.nuous oocrati.on for 412 curs, th pu a s opped for on bcmr rieriod to observo rf7 m jor deer as 1 vat r level. There wu non The now of ate.-is toll#wing the deBired cour e1 d1rt)Otl,y nto th Lett c d tinning auth ollo n lo 13 are sed rke!' D rop r <. l96J Ii 2 lS day pertod. 27 26 j 27-26

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ker A b l ual r 1ntill tor 196h Ii 1963 1t 1962 1t 1961 u n 1960 cc: d;y Sp t liichheister Charle ookfield ) ... Z;t 1J, .. f\ ...... .. .. I 1t "i t v -I f ( 2 t 7 Raza P Char D lbtchineon Su. rlnt ct.it.

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"" ltOLAHD C. CLbtEllT O.ceMber 21, Ceorte Porter Corkscrew Mtneral flights a.f erence Is ude to the lst paragraph of your -.o of Dec ... er 17 to Mr. hchhelster, copy of lch you handed .. for., Jnfo,...tlon. I shou1 1 lke to specif lcal ly on the utter of lneral rights as they affect the property deeded to us by Lee Tldewie-ter Cypress Collpany. With res-rd to the property leased by us froa Collier CollpMty, the situation fs tlflar but not Identical, and therefore the follONlng do not apply to that portion of the Corkscrew Swamp S..ctuary. All the deeds which lee Tidewater Cypress executed fn favor of MS specfflcal ly exclude mineral rights. Indeed, they specify that the afnera1 rights hd prevtously been deeded by Lee Tfdf!Wllter Cypress to J. A. Currey Oft Ce1tpany. Therefore these rights are now either vested In J. A. Currey 011 ec:.pany or s Jch other party or parties as Currey Y have transferred these rights to. In other words, the alneral rights ere now owned by party or parties unknown, but are NOT owned by tlonal Audubon. Therefore the holder of the lnera1 rights could, at any given 110Ment, now or at nyth1e tn the future, exercise his afneral rights and thereby do da .. ge to our property. White the ary exercising these 11tneral rights 11Utt repair Py such daNge, or pay COllPfl"satfon, this nevertheless aey seriously affect the wildlife sanctuary aspect of our property. I have checked th Is tter w 1th Mr. Hays, aftcl he has con fl rwed 91y above opJnton. cc: Cart V. luchhetster Please hold indefinitely. GP

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Sep tembe r 21, 1964 Mr. Jackson Price National Parks Service Department of the Interior Washi ngton D. C. Dear Mr. Price: Las t spring, when the Ha tional Audubon Society s Cork.sc1ew Farm Sanct:uary in Florida was Designa ed a "Natural History Landmark', we I'eceived the impression that a plaque would be erected there this fall, with some kind of proper ceremony. Are such plans in the works ? If so, when is the event likely to occur ? We simply need t o know for t he sake of our own planning. Cordially, Charles H Callison Assistant t o the President .I \' I\ \ '" ;

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.. UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR NATIONAL PARK SERVICE WASHINGTON, 0.C. 20240 mi'} JU IN REPLY REFER TO: May 26, 1964 L58-RN Mr. Charles H. Callison Assistant to the President Audubon Society 1130 Fifth Avenue New York 28, New York Dear Mr. Callison: We are glad to have the Audubon Society's application for designation of' the Corkscrew Swamp Sanctuary as a Registered Natural History Landmark. We understand that Mr. Buchheister has talked with representatives of' the Southeast Region of the National Park Service and tentative arrangements have been made for presentation of the certificate. The interest and assistance of the Audubon Society in the National Registry of Natural History Landmarks is most welcome. I have recently become associated with this program and look forward to working with officers and members of the Audubon Society in furthering the preservation of significant natural areas. Sincerely yours, c. Staff Naturalist {Landmarks) Natural Sciences 1

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CHCrt c. oor to a IrviAg 0 1 t h rorms in which th rtervation ractice t en or a1dent ear w s1dent and n th Sin yo Ohllrle A a1atant t id nt

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JOM-11.'.'62 NATIONAL AUDUB<)N SOCIETY 1130 FIFTH A VE., NEW YORK 28, N. Y. MEMO Carl W. Buchheister ______ Ap'"-r i l----=9, 1964 From Cha r le s H. Callison Re: __________ This is to remind you to announce to the Board of Directors that the Corkscfew Swamp Sanctuary has been officially designated a natural history landmark and will be so listed in the National Registry of Naturai.Jiistory Landmarks maintained by the National Park Service. The Park Service will provide an appropriate bronze marker for erection at the:site:-0

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IN REPLY REFER TO: L58-0N MAR 2 51 Mr. Carl w. Bucbheister President, National Audubon Society 1130 Fifth Avenue New York 28, New York Dear Mr. Bucbheister: In 1963, the year following the Secretary of the Interior's approval of the initiation of a National Registry of Natural History Landmarks, a stud. of the Corkscrew Swamp Sanctuary was made by the National Park Service and representatives of The Nature Conservancy. The study indicates that the site is worthy of consideration as a Natural History Landmark under the National Registry. The National Registry of Natural History Landmarks complements the highly popular and success:f'ul Registry of National Historic Landmarks initiated in 1960. The program is designed to enc;ourage the preservation of the Nation's natural educational and scientific heritage. Corkscrew Swamp Sanctuary is among the sites we propose to include in the first phase of the new program. We are pleased to inform you that the Advisory Boa.rd on National Parks, Historic Sites, Buildings, and Monuments evaluated the study and has recommended that Corkscrew Swamp Sanctuary be designated as a Natural History Landmark. The Secretary has approved the recommendation. We invite you to participate in the National Registry of Natural History Landmarks by completing in triplicate the enclosed application forms for Corkscrew Swamp Sanctuary, returning the original and one

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copy to us and retaining the other for your records. In signing the application you signify willingness to adhere to a few simple and basic preservation practices with respect to the tract. Upon return of the completed forms we will proceed to obtain a certificate and plaque for erection on the site, attesting to its exceptional quality and natural history landmark designation. We will be pleased, indeed, to have you participate in the registry program. -Enclosures: Description of Corkscrew Swamp Sanctuary, Florida Application Forms (3) Press Release Sincerely yours, Director

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. VimED STATES DEP.t\R'l.'MENT OF 'l'aE INirERIOR NATIONAL PARK SERVICE WASimiYroif 251 D.. c. Registry-ot Na.t-ural Scientil'ic Landmark::\ SWmm? &m.ot!!!TY'tt Florida !i:he proposed &;amp Sanr:tuary Scientific Landmark a. tract ef. acres located appl'Oximately 25 mil.es SCUi;heast .. or Fort l'iyers Florida.,, ':fhe area. is O't'.m.ecl by The National Society by 't1hem it is maintained end as a sanatuaryo Here is remaining stand. of virgin ba,.d cypress on the iorth Jime1 ... .taari ontinentoThe a:;: a. also cypress and a large of :ple air pl;int., onion and mslxtzmell.ing Spanish rwss1 and l'.f:!Yal ti .. Farty Qf birds are ;es:ldent in the an.cl the such es tlie gra;y end fqx aqtttrrel, .. raeeon, otte.r, bobcat, alligator, n tree and scr.u.them bull i\' ... ar.td otherso '. AD fficient .an.d. effe.c1i:lv pi-cgre.m clirrfurt.l.y available w the A\i.duoron a Visitors especiall.y' enjoy seeing the varied bird life f the: area. end cmripetent ur.ti.1 .. med emnl.eyees of the Societ7 e.re present to px nvld.e aasista. c.eo A fee iS chm.ged fOl' eu'tP.rln,g the area ana. taJU.ng advantage of the ittterpretive Gervices a.va.Ue.bleo '?he Co1ii.Gcrew s,rallip San:.ct 1.2.ry is noli only because at the unique stand of Vil"gin bald cypress occ'Ul"rillg there, bu:IA alGo for the high degl.' f:1f pr S!U"Va.tion al the natul'al !)J'evailso The Audubon Society aan b depended. tt'I lUl.inta.in th(;' area in highest pi.eze:rw:ticn stande:rds since Socieoey5s c closely wl th those of the Natura1 Sci ific Regi$tl'Y'o RNSL 5/6/63

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; UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT of the INTERIOR * ********news release NATIONAL P ARK SERVICE Brklacy 4 34-4214 For Release MARCH 17, 1964 NATURAL HISTORY LANDMARKS REGISTRY STARTED; SECRETARY UDALL ANNOUNCES FIRST ELIGIBLE SITES The first seven sites found eligible for a new National Registry of Natural History Landmarks, to illustrate important segments of America's natural heritage, were announced today by Secretary of the Interior Stewart L. Udall. Interior's National Park Service is compiling the Registry. The first group of eligible sites named for registration include: --Bergen Swamp, about 25 miles west of Rochester, New York; --Corkscrew Swamp Sanctuary, 25 miles southwest of Ft. JVtyers, Florida; --Elder Creek, four miles north of Branscomb, California; --Fontenelle Forest, one mile south of Omaha, Nebraska ; --Mianus River Gorge, in lower Westchester County, New York ; --Rancho La Brea-Hancock Park, in Los Angeles, California; and --Wissahickon Valley, a part of Fairmount Park in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The Registry, complementing the highly successful Registry of National Historic Landmar k s launched in 196 0 is designed to recognize and encourage the preservation and protection of select natural sites irrespective of administration or ownership--State and local agencies, conservation groups, science foundations, or private parties. Participation is entirely voluntary, Secretary Udall emphasized. "The establishment of the National Registry of Natural History Landmarks," he said, "makes it possible for the Federal Government to give moral support and recognition to organizations that are illustrating and commemorating an integral part of our American heritage. It also will provide an opportunity to give these important areas a degree of status which might not otherwise be possible.

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J "It would, in any event, be undesirable and probably impossible for the Federal Government to acquire and administer the numerous areas of natural history importance which deserve protection." Federal involvement he explained, will be limited to the issuance of certificates, periodic inspections, and arranging for the site ovmer to acquire a suitable marker. Secretary Udall said the Registry will strengthen public awareness in preserving the Nation's cultural resources, and will be a most important means of providing citizens and students a list of the more significant landmarks recognized by leading authorities throughout the country. Secretary U dall indicated that the Park Service has received close cooperation from the Interior Department's Geological Survey and from conservation organizations, such as the American Geological Institute and The Nature Conservancy in this program. 11These fine organizations," he said, 11have contributed significantly to the formulation of the program and have helped outline the criteria and guidelines to which these and proposal landmarks must qualify for registration.11 Listed as criteria and guidelines used for evaluating and recommending prop osed sites were: --natural quality and character; --degree of dissimilarity to other sites; --importance to e ducation and science; --reasonable invulnerability to deterioration and destruction; --practicable size; --availability and accessibility; and --sympathetic and responsible ownership. Studies of significant natural history sites are submitted to the Secretary's A d visory B oard on National Parks, Historic Sites, Building s and M onuments for review and evaluation. The Board then makes recommendations to the Secretary as to which sites are eligible for the Registry. Following are brief descriptions of the initial seven sites made eligible from the first study. BERGEN SWAMP Maintained and preserved by the Bergen Swamp Preservation Society, Inc., the p r oposed landmark is a remnant of the Pleistocene Period of the Cenozoic Era when western New York was covered by large glaciers that blocked the drainage of water from the area and produced "temporary" glacial lakes. One such lake, 2

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subsequently called lake Tonawanda by geologists, gradually disappeared about 5 0 ,000 years ago and left only a trace of its existence in the area. Thus Ber g en Swamp is due in part to older rock formations that lie beneath the area, and in part to later glaciation. The rocks beneath the Swamp are stratified layers of sedimentary rock; that is, sediments which were deposited in an ancient sea, and since that time hav e become cemented and compacted. The proposed land mark comprises about 2,000 acres. CORKSCREW SWAMP SANCTUARY and preserved by the National Audubon Society, the Corkscrew Swamp Sanctuary is located on a 6,080-acre tract, which contains the largest remaining stand of virgin bald cypress on the North American Continent. Also preserved here are forms ranging from the pond cypress to the common bald cypress, as well as large acres of wet prairie, pineland with its g roundcover of saw palmetto, open ponds with growths of ducl
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< MIANUS RIVER GORGE The 2 07-acre tract includes a fine climax forest of hemlocks, some of whic h a r e estimated to be JOO years old, and the most rugged and spectacular portion o f Mianus Gorge. Included in the primeval forest are 500 species of trees, shrubs, and smaller plants, and a varied fauna, indigenous to the northeastern United States. The area is considered unsurpassed in the East as one in which natural conditions have remained relatively undisturbed from the time o f discovery and early e xploration. Located within 50 miles of midtown New York and readily accessible to the Mer ritt Parkway, the proposed landmark is owned by the Mianus River Gorge C onservation Committee of The Nature Conservancy. RANCHO LA BREA-HANCOCK PARK This metropolitan park contains several pits of natural asphalt in which Pleistocene animals became entrapped in their quest for fresh water. The pits are w orld-famous as the source of the largest and most diverse collection of Pleistocene fossils ever found and studied. Among the many fossils preserved are the ground sloth, saber-toothed tiger, and mammoth. These pits were discovered during the course of early Spanish explorations in this section of California. The Rancho La Brea-Hancock Park is owned by Los Angeles County, under the direction of the Los Angeles County Museum. WISSAHICKON VALLEY Locate d within the city limits of Philadelphia, the proposed land mark is about six and one-half miles long and embraces about 1,250 acres or appro ximately one -third of the famed Fairmount Park. Owned an d managed by the Fairmount Park Commission, Wissahic k on Valley is v i rtually untouched by the inroads of modern civilization. Solitude and primeval grandeur prevail to a remar kable degree, and the steep-sided valley is heavily wooded with large hemlocks, particularly in the southern part, towering above the native white, red, jack, and shortleaf pines. Wissahickon Valley is significant as a symbol of what can be done tow ard the perpetuation of a truly natural area within a vast urban complex. Studies of other proposed landmarks are currently the Depart ment of t he Interior said, an d announcement of their eligibility will b e m ade following completion of review and evaluation. x x x P N 432 7 4-64 4

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Mr. Charlea D. llutchiuon Corucrew ew..mp Sanctuai'7 Box 806 1'.Uanleal.ee,_ ru .. It vu good seeing Yol1 an4 your wite end energetic son.. I em sorry I did not bave more time to apend at Corltecrew. Mr. John w. Bmenon, tAie lawyer, w.a kind enough to COiie to rq motel that a.tternoon aa4 pend. an hour or ao talld.ns with me. Be said. be could. J.lOt understand where lOU got the impreion that be bad whatever to do 'With Oul.t American Llmd Corp. or QQlden Qate' Bttate' t Mid I it;boUght, but wa1 l\Ot hl"e; that you sot that 1m.PreB1on t%"Oli the IUJ:'Ve10r in M;yere,. IObneon. 'Wbat. &nei"aOn aid .-.y 'Wal that be an4 other l.awyere 1a lfQle are DOY bav1ng to spend quite a bit '\heir time to help people vbo bought lot trom Ool4en aate; lflt.atea and are now seekitlg help 1n ul.vag1rlg whatever they can ot What they haw &l1"ea4y 1nveate4 anc\ avoidiDg IBldng any further In talld.Qg With Cbarl1-e lrookf1el.4 in Miem1 .oout. 'W'hat, if he hB4 done about a.ppro&oh.tng 11r. LeODUd aoa.* be M.14 that he ba4 that an attorney __,4 Schindler -. oloee to Boeen, 8.1).d that Scbindl.er bad ottered to mU.e an appolntnt tor Cbarl.ie 'dtb Bosen, but ba4 tailed. X did not tl"Y to en appointment, l>u.t Pl1 appn.re4 at ott1ce1 where I ,.. blocked by t' ecretei7 tm4 a twitebboard operator who Hid that it VQuld 111,po .. 1ble to Me h1JD that afternoon l>ecauee be-.. at a Boe.rd me tilla. I viU bave to tn again 1t oppol"tunit;r often. 8o"7 to have 'been ao long ldng We re:port to 10\l but, l think you mov, l bave been 1n liouia1.u., texu -4 Qalitomt.a tince 1eeing YQU W1th beet w1hee1 Jlllhel lolln B.. Baker Preent lmel"itut

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Mr. Charle1 D Hutchinson Oorkeorew S'WUlp Sa.notuary Box 8o6 Illmokalee Fla. Dear Hutohineon1 Furtber as a coneeq\18nce of rq recent luncheon converaation with Mell's Buchbeiater and Bl'ookfie l d I write as to boundary fencing 1upplemental to irr remarks on that aubject in other letter of today's date. I wish to p oint out that aiille we leaeed the Et ot eection 3 in T47SR27E froa the OoUier Compm7, we hag not fenced it. We feel that w ahould fence the eastern boundaey of section .la that we sho'Qld repair Xieting tenee on the north boundary o the Et of section 3 it there be an Xiting fence there or, if not, contt:ruct a 1l8Y fence there. We an disinclined at the mont to proceed vi th fencing the wet.em bounduy of the. ES or a ection 3, both becauae there 111 some chance that th of aection 3 mq be added to our lease before ftl'7 long, and becaUM tit said of section 3 has, u we understand, been recently lwnbenJd h7 the Collier C014>any, running a true fence line between the two hal'fta ot section 3 might be quite dif'ticult. When the fencing aboTe reterred to has been completed, there will no longer be any need tor the en.ting fence on the eoutb boundary ot the Ei ot section 3 {in other wo2"d1, on the north boundai7 of the i ot 1ecticn 10) and it strike ua that that ia"4tl"ial might reuaed in constructing part ot the new boundary fence above l"e.terred to. If the content of this letter ie not perf'ect.17 clear to 70u, please let us know. JHBsea CCi Mess;rs. Buchheiater Brooktield Sincerely yours, John H Baker Preaident Elnel"itus

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Charles D Hutohineon Corkscrew Swamp Sanctuary Box 806 Inaokalee1 FU.. Dear Mr. Hutchineona Septeaber 28, 1960 On talking with Buchheiater and Mr. Brooktield at luncheon thia week I touched on th war in which a repreaentati'ft ot the Collier Coq>any had doublecroseed our superintendent Lake this paet epring, and thq aeked 11e to write you about th11')ao that 1ou would have the story clear and be guided thereby. On March 27 196o Lake wrote aa tollov1 t tt I 8111 aware of the need tor making periodic checks of the boundary but agree with you that th other thing ehould be oo:q:>leted ae quickly ae poaaible. llMl1' haw to make a trip into the nap within the next rev daJW ae Mr. L B Burnett of the Collier Company hu contacted regarding a part of one eeotion which the7 want to out. He v1ll haft the rial pbotoe ready on Tueadq afternoon and I propose to take Saa with eo that he v1ll know juat llhere it 11 located. W. will then go in and dete1"111ne it there are nesting birds in that area. In caee there 1 anr decieion to be Jl&de which I do not teel qualified to do I will telephone JOU or haYe Burnett do eo after I haw ad'ri.aed you of the situation. The onl.7 intorll&tion I ha"Ye until hill Tueaday is that they want to cut ao C1PHH in that area, but the7 do not want to do &I>Tthing to diaturb the Audubon Society. M7 under1tand1ng vu that it vu ct1on 2, but thia mq not be oorreat. In any-caee tbe7 are going to do nothing until the7 have cleared e'Y9eything with Audubon. 1 talked over the phone with Mr. Burnett on Saturday ewning and 1 t vae a poor connection. On March 30 I wrote ha ae tollons "I do not think that I know Mr L B Burnett of the Collier Company. Under no c1rcuutancee 11 the Collier Co111pany to cut any timber on landa whi.oh 1 t leaaea to ua We, in turn, have no 1q whatever aa to whether or not the7 cut tillber on other land1 that they own llhioh they do not lease to us That would apply to Section 21 tor enmple1 T47SR27E. Juat to be sure that you know vhat the areas are which the Collier Co11pany currently leaee1 to ua 1 and vb.ich are incorporated in our SanctU&l")" 1 the;r are the eut halt of .3, &11 of 8 9 10 and 1.5, the eoutheaet quarter or 18 and the no:rtheaat quarter of 19 all in T47SR27 -a total of five eections, or )200 acree. They formerly leased ue the weat halt of 27 juat south of our headquarters, but inadvertently traded it to the State. We then took, by way ot eub1titution, the aforesaid eaat halt of .3, and our application to the State tor the

PAGE 37

2 lease to ue by it of the wet half or 27 is pending and will, I think, be favorably acted on soon. "If the Collier Company advise you that the timber it now. wants to cut is on the we et halt of Section 3 I would like to have opportuni t7 to d11cua11 that with the principal. officere of the Collier Co:npan7 betore we accede to 1 t, as that ie an area we have under cur.rent discussion with them for addition to the Sanctuary. I euggeet, however, you not tell Mr. Burnett that. "I referred to Section 2 above aa though it wae owned by the Collier Company, but now obserTe that it 1e not 10 owned, but rather by the Mir Company and ii largely under water, 10 probably you are mistaken in thinking that Burnett mentioned Sec ti on 2 On Maroh 29 he wrote me as follows: "Tonight I vent over to talk with Mr. L B Burnett about the propoaed cutting o f OJPr811J 'Ibis is on section 4 and 5, am is mediUlll oyprees, and they plan to wait for five or six weeks until the nesting birds have left the area. He said that they did not wish to di turb the bird.a in any way and wanted 'f.1:1 opinion as to the length of time when the b1rde 1i10uld be redy to leave the neste. He is willing to take me in be!ore they start to operate it there is any question about the nesting birds. From my observation of the birds in this area I would aay that by five or six weeks the;r should be nearly all away from the nests and able to take care of themselves. On April 5 I wrote him as follows: "It is considerate ot the Collier Company, as represented by Mr. L. B. Burnett, to delay cutting of nedium cypress in sections 4 am 5 until the ne ting birds have le.ft the area. I rather wonder what nesting birds there are in those areas (that ia 1 wading birds) Perhap you can find. time to have Sam take you around there in the marsh buggy. As a. matter or !a.ct I think those portions of sections 4 and 5 might be quite eaaily approached, but not entered, in a jeep or jeep station wagon after driving around there through th village of Corkscrew I have just looked at air photo map 'Which would indicate that the only emall cypreee worth taking in section 4 is in the Ei of the SEi', and principally in th SEi of the SEi That C'JPress stand is part of the ea.ma stand that mor or less fills the ot section 3, which we would certainly hop would not be lwrbered, am would, through negotiations on our part with the Collier Company, hope be includ d before long in the sanctuary "A1 far as section 5 is the N! of it is high land. There would not appear to be enough small o:ypress in the SEt to be worth lumbering. Th re is some in the SWi, but 100 stly in the thereof. You realize 1 I am sure, that our present boundary runs along the south boundaries of sections 5 and 4 and west half' of three, and is fenced, and that the only portion of those three sections that we now leaee and is included in the sanctuary, i the Et of )

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3 -Later I learned .from Mr. Ellie, who succeeded Mr. Lake, that contrary to representations g1 ven the latter by Burnett or the Collier Company, th of section 3 had been cut, and I euspect that that was what Mr. Burnett ad in mind when he first approached Mr. Lake, whoJll he must have sued up as being suft1cientl7 unacquainted with the property and dumb to haTe .fallen for his r presentations. I am sure that what Mr. Burnett carried out, let alone said, was with out apprOYal 0 the officers of the Collier Comp my. I had in particular had oorreapondenc with Mr. Norman the General Manager of the Collier CompBJ11', vho11 I know Tery well, elq>ressing our interest in the possibility of adding the w!ot section 3 to the lease for inclusion in the sanctuary, and had expreHed the particular hope that no move would be made that might result in the cutting of th timber thereon. I know Mr. Herren too to believ that he would have any part in misleading ua degree. on the above, pleaee be that two or three years ago we obtained the neceseary materials, both posts and wire, with which to extend the fence on our western boundary south to at least the SW corner of eection 20 The posts, I understand, have bean lying out in the open on the northern part of the western boundary, and the wire has been stored at headquarters. Sam will know about thia. The fence has not been construoted because the water has been eo high and we were waiting for a dry year. Thia, however is a project which should be on your list for completion as soon as practical. At the tiJlle this extension was being seriously ooneidered, I arranged with the Collier Company for an amendment to our leaee to include therein the SEt or section 18 and the NEt of section 19, so that we could run our boundary fence aroul'd same, thua avoiding deep water and rather impenetrable forest along the eastern boundariea of those two q'1&rter sections. I do not think the Soc'.iaty ie particularly concerned about whether or not the Collier Company cuts timber on sections 4 S or 6 of T47SR27E just across our present northern boundary, but it there i any portion thereof in which w would pref er not to see the timber cut, p nding our poeaible success in including same within our eanctuary lease, it is the SEt of section 4 It there is aey of the above that is not perfectly clear to you, pleas let us know. JHB1e CC1 Messrs Buchheister Brookfield Sincerely yours, John H Baker President Emeritus

PAGE 39

11r. Cbatl D. l\ltcbi'D Box 806 Dmnoke.J.ee, nortcSa :O.ar autchs Tbanka tor y0\1ft of fe'bwar7 6. Wbea t l1eXt in lapld I v1U plarl to but Mr. JobQ I 4o *1t 19t lQlow vbetber I viU be oom1Jl8 eoon Mul'ch 61 os-wbetber1 after J: laft ohee,lcd 1t w.lU eeem better to stuat rq trip lQ Ca1Uorn1a .an4 'tfOrk east, ln which cue I migbt not get to Soutb. P1or14a beto:re tbe 20th1 cl' ao, of March. I wU;L l>_08t JOU een t knoW the ,,.,.,.- .. """":.""'..._.,.., .. ....... < .. 0. "'"' I Al.4 oot ti.t 10" no l.OtJger bave \111.11G) l:ugQ'. I woul.4 tld.r&k. theft VOUl4 be tU. vtl8D JOU llOul.4 Qffd. lt. 'b&&l3 Tbe goo4 -. 1n '10ur lettv 1 tt.t Yo\l lave '.ba4 an extreae}T wt 14 o w:l.ntel' aeucm. 1>14 tbe voo4. 1b1a tlat tbe7 knev it ,,.. :--gotQa to be tbat w.J? They ... ba'N lmCM11;1 abillt7 to tor.out dry' ...... Jom a. IUal' Ptea14ent 11Der1t

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NATIONAL AUDUBON SOCIETY r:tjd M1JmW,e 1130 Mr. John H.:Bak:er President Emeritus National Audubon Society 1130 Fifth Avenue New York 28, 11.Y. Dear Mr. Baker: Telephone: ENright 9 -2100 February 6, 1964 4 I apologise for the delay in answering your lette of January 13, as you in your letter I did take a look at the fencing on the est bound.ai7 sof Sections 18,19. It had been some time since I had walked the length of the fencing,accessible portions were posted with signs prior to the hunting season by myself and Phil Owens. As you will recall the l!Ulin reason for obtaining the pottions of 18,19 was to avoid the im enetrable forest which you mentioned in your letter of Saptember 28, 1960. I am sorry to report that by the time we he.ti attempted to reroll the wire in this and the labor involved we woul.d hav a ven_ expensive half mile of wire. is 1!l'l recommendation that we can keep paying the $80.00 a year in taxes until ,I : fence eplacement or the land is sold. Another factor is we no longer have a S\famp buggy and a Jeep will not go over the trail that was cu t oU8h this area r 5 of how dry it may become. I doubt too that this year will give us e usual Q.ry time in around April-May because we have had an extremely wet winter season. 'ith regard to the section 3 you yourself had mentioned in that same letter of September 28, that there was a possibility of adding it into the lease with the Collier Company. I am sorry about the confusion of James and John Emerson I evidently took the wrong christian name when you were talking to me at the Convention. The John Emerson you mentioned in your letter ii the one I was reffering to. Hope you do have the chance to come down sometime in March as it is so much better to conclude these matters verbally. With best regards. Sincerely, Superintendent Founded 1905 ... Dedicated to Conservation of Wildlife, Plants, Soil and Water in Relation to Human Progress

PAGE 41

Mr. CM;rles J). Hutcbillsoii Superinten4ent Co:rkaerev SWUlp Sai:ictuary Box 806 ltm!Ok&lee, Flor1,da. D ear Butch: January l5, i964 I lave yours of January 12... Mrs Isabel Read i& the widow of Miles Collier. Miles was very m.ueb e.Uve at tbe time the Corkscrew Sanc:tuary was set up and was more interested in it tban any other member of the (:oilier f&mily, Later ehe married WiUlem A. Jr., of Qreenv1c'.q, I am interested tbat you say it bad been mentioneo. y011 that t.t some future date tbe West half' ot Section 3 nay be leased to us by the Collier Company (probe.bly jQintly by Baron Collier, Jr. and Mrs Isabel Re, vbo presently constitute, as I understand it, the Collier-Read In view of the fact that the Et.st balf of said Section 3 will be donated to us in J'anuary, 1967, we vould of course prefer that the West balf' of' same be rather than leased to us. I b&ve bad no word fran letJ &aerQon regt;.rding our fenced South bound ... ary line. I do not knOW' Jamee Emerson1 I .40 kn.ow a J'ohn W &erson in Naples who s a partner of James Mame,. nov County Attorney, and is now a partner of Ben G+ Parks, who nay wel.l et1ll be Lawyer for the School Board, among other thillgs. I believe the firin is now cal.led Parka and Elllerson and is locate4 at 865 Fifth Aven11e Soutb in Naples .Am I to ) understand. that he represents Golden Gates !!?states? If you think you know vba.t he Y be going to vrite us e.bout, do let me know in advance of my he&r1ng from }Um. Jii'B: jm Yours sincerely, John B. '.Bake: President Emeritus

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Mr. Charles J). Hutchinson Box 806 Imnokalee, Fla. Deer Hut ch: January 13, 1964 If you have a chance, why don't ycu look at the location of the fence that goes around two aides of the Southeast quarter of Section 18 and two aides of the Northeast quarter of Section 191 and see whether you think it would be relatively easy to shitt that f'enee to 'Where it. belongs on the F.utern boundary of thoee two quarter sections. I think it would be in the Societya interest to get a-way from the camnitment to refund the Collier Company far the local real estate tax.es that 1t pays on those two quarter sections over a period of years, that makes the privilege of putting that fence where it doesn't belong quite expensive, The Society also, in case of changing the location, of the would not only be on the proper boundary, but might well salvage about a half mile's worth of fencing that it could use elsewhere as the occasion demands, and perhap: on part ot the bou...,,dary ': the East half of 3, if that is not currently fully fenced. 'I'be annual tax on those two quarter ection now costs the Society over $80.00 a year. I would think that if' we are to :relocate this fence, sometime between now and June would. be the driest period of the year to do the work. If the dif'f'icu.lty that caused the original. location was not but the denseness of the toreat, making it difficul t to haul in material, it might be best to leave matter ''as 1s.11 not Aa tar u the survey is concerned, it to be necesary at th1a time in connection. with our boundary with the Collier Company, but I continue to t'eel that at some time, not too far distant, -we should try v to get b01mdary agreement5w1th Golden CJates Estates and with the First norida Reource Corp. or whatever it correct name is. I may have a chance to come dovn ycur way in March, in 'Which case, we can talk about the "1M'8Y attuation on the spat in the light of the then conditions. Best to you and your family. JBB;h Sincerely ycura, ,John H. Baker Preaident Emeritus

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NATIONAL AUDUBON SOCIETY
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2-62 EASTERN AIR LI N ES Dear Charlie: INCORPORATED ME.M9E.R 0,. THE NATIONAL COUNCIL MIAMI INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT MIAMI 48, FLORIDA Thought you would like to have this photo. Am also enclosing a story on the Corkscrew Swamp Sanctuary. We sent it to 35 cities on our system to travel editors. Best regards, Bill Wooten IATllNAL AUIUllff soc1m 3361 S. W. 3rlf AVENUE MIAMI FLIRIDA PHONE 371 0544 Dear Charlie: ChB.rlie Brookfield thought you might be interested in this attached article on Corkscrew, which we think is good. Bill Wooten, R Egional M anager of News Bureau of Eastern Air Lines sent this to Charlie along with the photo of black duck that had appeared in our local. paper. Regards. Azever, THERE'S NO SUBSTITUTE FOR EASTERN'S EXPERIENCE PRINTED IN U S Ii.

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EASTERN AIR LINES NEWS BUREAU MIAMI, FLORIDA WALK THROUGH A PRIMEVAL SWAMP WITH DRY FEET By Bi 11 Wooten lmmokalee, Fla. -In this remote section of Florida you can walk through a primeval swamp without getting your feet wet. You can see and touch living, growing things that were alive during the Crusades and that were already ancient when Columbus landed on San Salvador. Where? In Corkscrew Swamp Sanctuary, just 16 miles from this southwestern Florida farming and ranching community. Although the sanctuary is on the edge of a vast wilderness cal led the Big Cypress Swamp, you can drive right to it. And a solid boardwalk winds through the heart of the 6,000 acre preserve where plant, bird, and animal life are unmolested and unafraid. Except for the elevated walk, the only change for centuries has been the subtle and gradual changes by nature itself.

PAGE 46

2. Within the sanctuary is this country's largest stand of virgin bald cypress, the oldest trees in the eastern part of North America. These towering giants, 25 feet around the trunk, are calculated to be more than 700 years old. Long strands of grey Spanish moss hanging from their limbs enhance their appearance of antiquity. Standing tall, they seem to link the sky with the dark water of the swamp. They do link the 20th century with the Middle Ages. In winter, usually in December and January, the topmost branches of the big cypress provide homes for thousands of nesting wood stork that return to the sanctuary year after year to lay their eggs and raise their young. The National Audubon Society, which operates and maintains the sanctuary, estimated that 6,000 of these large, wadi.ng birds, sometimes called the American stork, established a rookery there last winter, building 3,000 nests in the cypress. The rookery itself isn't open to the public because the birds don't like company too close while bringing up their families. But storks are seen frequently right from the boardwalk as they fly to and from the rookery. They create a striking picture gliding towards their nests with their snow white feathers and the wide black band on the trailing edge of their wings outlined against the blue sky. Other birds, such as the rare, snai I-eating limpkin, the American bittern, great blue heron, egret, white ibis, wood duck, and the large pileated woodpecker are also seen along the boardwalk. One of the strangest birds in the sanctuary is the anhinga, or water turkey. He actually swims under water to catch small fish by spearing them with his long, sharp bill. On coming out of the water he climbs up on a limband sits there with wings outstretched unti I his feathers are dry.

PAGE 47

....... "' 3. The only way to reach the sanctuary is by car. It's about two and a half hours from Miami, West Palm Beach or Sarasota and about an hour from Fort Myers. If you are flying to Florida, Eastern Air Lines wi 11 reserve a car for you and have it waiting at the airport. There are no overnight facilities at the sanctuary but it's easy to make a round trip from any of the above east coast or west coast cities in a day. For those who want to stay longer, there are excellent motels in near-by lmmokalee, Naples, and Everglades City. After you park your car at the edge of the sanctuary, you enter through a palm-thatched check-in station built like an Indian chickee. Admission is $1.00 which includes a copy of an illustrated booklet "A Self-Guided Tour of the Boardwalk". By matching numbers in the booklet with numbers on the railing of the boardwalk you know what to look for and learn something about the things you see. Between the chickee and boardwalk you walk down a paved path through virgin slash pine, saw palmetto, and cabbage palm. While walking there recently we saw a wild turkey calmly pecking in the grass about 50 feet away. He ignored our presence until we tried to get closer for a picture. Then he quickly tiptoed off into the palmetto in typical wild turkey fashion and faded out of sight. As you stroll down the boardwalk you will see wild orchids and air plants growing on limbs, logs, and tree trunks. The guide book will help you identify night smelling orchids, butterfly, cigar, shell orchids, and others. And within the reach of your arm you will see many kinds of fern, including resurrection fern, Boston, royal, leather, and swamp fern. Another variety, the strap fern, really looks more like an orchid.

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4. From time to time along the walk you wi II witness a life and death struggle going on between two kinds of plants. You won't see action, but the struggle is nonetheless deadly. It centers around a strange plant called strangler fig. Sometimes its seed takes root high in a tree and for a while it grows as Qn air plant. Then it sends roots to the ground. Often the roots wind around the host tree and grow so large and strong they choke the tree to death. By then, the fig is able to stand alone. At one point the walk crosses a secluded lake covered with a green, freefloating plant called water lettuce. It actually looks quite a bit like lettuce and fonns a unifonn blanket extending from beneath the low hanging branches of trees on one side of the lake to the other. Animals and birds searching for food congregate here when water is low in other areas of the swamp. In this lake, and at other places along the walk, you will see alligators stretched out on half submerged logs or among the water plants. If you are lucky, you may see an otter, raccoon or wildcat for they all live here. Panthers, known elsewhere as mountain lion, and black bear also inhabit the area. You are almost certain to see grey squirrels along the walk. One may even drop shavings on your head as he sits on a limb chewing on a cypress bal I. When in the sanctuary be sure to get into a conversation with Frank Adams and Jim Saylor, Audubon representatives. You' 11 probably run into them near the entrance or on the boardwalk. They wi 11 give you a lot of interesting infonnation about the wildlife in this wilderness. And they will tell you how, at the last moment, the Audubon Society spearheaded a drive that saved the giant trees just as loggers were closing in on them. The swamp, just as nature created it, has been preserved for this and future generations. If you like nature, you really should see Corkscrew. Once you do, you wi II want to return. -0 111163

PAGE 49

Mr. Charles D. Hutchinaon superintendent Corkscrev Swamp Se.nctuary Box 806,Imnokalee, 1l.or1da Dear Hutch: January 7, 1964 ?ou Vill be glad to know that the Agreement between the Collier Enterprise and the Society, dated January 1, 1955, has begun to be implemented. That involves transfer of title to the Society b7 Barron Collier, Jr. and Mrs. Isabel Read1 jointly, of four and one-half' Sections of land leased to the Society at that time tor incorporation in the Sanctuary. We bave already received Deed of gitt with regard to Section 15 and Will receive gi:f't shortly Vith regard to Section 10. '!'he Deed of gift with relation to SectiOl\S 9, 8 and the F.ast ball' of 3 Vill tollov in the Januarys of 1965, 1966 and 1967. We shall apply for tax exempt etatua with regard to each of these sections or partial section, effective as ot the dates of Dee4s ot gi:f't Alao, as to the datee of Deecla of g1:tt1 these sections and balf section will be eliminated from the existing lease vhich, af'ter January 1967, vould apply only to Southeast quarter of Section 18,and the Northeast quarter of Section 19, which were included in the leaae subsequent to January 11 1955 tor a. very different reaeon thanthe other tour and one-half Sections. The reason, a.a y0u Will recall, was that it would facilitate our building fence on the West aide of the Sanctuary, be cause the terrain waa tOQ d.itticul.t tor haUling 1n material to build the f'ence where it belonged along the Ea.stem boundaries of the two quarter section& involved. It ycu have a chance, pleaae refresh my memory as to the degree to which \ the East baJ.f of 3 was fenced by U8. r You also recollect, I think, that the Eaat half ot 3 was accepted by us in lieu of the West bal.1' of 27, which was originally in the leaae; this ...

PAGE 50

< .... because the CoU1er CamI>anY aakecl ua to ldndly do eo ae it ha4 inade a miatakc in tn.Ung same i;o Stat tor a Portion f ot a ohoQl eeot1on owned b;r the State There 18 nothing that you have to ,O:o :about tbi u coXUJequ.eno of these Deeds ot gitt becaU$e au. of the area involved rur.. been treated aa part ot the !'ran Hope au goea well with 1ou, and with best Wishes to you and yours tor 1964. JliBth John :a. ;Baker l're$1dent DneritUS

PAGE 51

NATIONAL AUDUBON SOCIETY 11 ao .::.1 Carl .. u.c'ih is t r Prrside ... t le: t Jl'l,.-.l '"'. ::-. Soc:'. 11 "0 Avrm1 e Dea.:1 ::r. -.cilieist"lr: Telephone: ENri&ht 9-2100 kno :n, 11ill O"' :' to 10"" t ., e ... ::.e "'ri :nc:i.n,,. :r..in sh01 rs al ost __ ly no1, r for i 10:1th so far has een .., 1 L'1ches l e v el: t :ar:-"'r 11:Bll read 7 L1ches i \'e h?...ve not hrd eavy rainf lls a t $[1.Ilctnar; ... t 0iter areas o:'.:' the Sc..nctLi.a;ry ave r0cei v 1:10:-0 rainfall,t1cse ar"ao a.re q'L.ite 1et nd ti:= is a in re r li t o fire ru:::ard eca.-1se of :'le wet con itions noi p::-evs.ilin"' it een i fficu.lt to U...'1 the Hell pro 'ect in t"'e loc tions :e I;:) ir:ic of t_ thrt i t is tre.c::: e -.,e h;::ivr> 1.,..,., r replace twe:1ty-throe OS s (" rec:ii J!'(' eac h tioe I &;O U...'1 erne,_th tho OcrcJwc-l;: to ins ect t e situati:>n, ot secti.:ms Ii d t ong t er"' i'1 1"0od s .._. e it quit e n ::r. :Buch oist r, on id.a:,' mor:J.in., I i1. c tc:J. rs, e had for :-mne colored s ti1. ent s fro i D i.i!on t F:le e:1.
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' O'IA.t' t T t1. a 1 aro :rid ,._. co ch.heist -.: :Oe. t re ,.
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Corkscrew Swamp Picturesque Wildlife Sanctuary CONSERVATIONISTS WORRY Swamp Draining Proteste d By HOWARD VAN SMITH Reporter of The :maml New Land sales firms of Florida's West Coast, which operate un der close scrutiny of the Slate Real Estate Commission, are ruffling the feathers of a pow erful national organization -the Audubon Society. Ironically, while some such companies have been criticized for high pressure tactics in sell ing inaccessible swampland, this is a case of running afoul of lhe conservalionisls because of their efforts lo drain land. Particularly, the Audubon Society is worried about its Corkscrew Swamp Sanctuary. The sanctuary lies in a stand of ancient bald cypress trees -some of them 600 or more years old -southwest of Im mokalce. at the top of a natural trough extending southward ap proximately to the Tamiami Trail. It contains the largest rookery of the American stork and is considered by naturalists to be one of nature's great show places. The land south of the sanc tuary, 93 square miles of it, is owned by Gulf American Co., developers of Cape Coral at Fort Myers and currently selling GGate Estates, near Napies. -Golden Gate divided into two parcels, one of 12 square miles and the other of 24 Is drained by a canal. The waterway, 12 feet deep and 121 feet wide, runs into the Gordon River which in turn empties into the Gulf of Mex ico spilling thousands of gallons of fresh water into the sea. With further development, more canals will have to be dug. The water level will have to be lowered -and many people consider this dangerous. "Il's really a heinous crime," said Joel a Naples councilman, who claims his viewpoint is shared by his fel low councilmen. I think of how these large cor poraticns gouge out land. I wish they'd never come here." C,.!!l. Buchheister, president o( the National Audubon So ciety in New York, holds a similar though somewhat mllder opinion. "It's most undesirable," said be. "We are carefully watching what it will involve and will consider legal means should the swamp be harmed." Gulf American Land's presi dent, Leonard Rosen, has a dif ferent outloolt. 'We're actually doing a fan stic service to Naples and Col r County," said he. Another company spokesman, Kronish, said all work is cIOrleWitlr"Uie consent of the county engineer. "I think these people (mean Ing the critical Naples resl dents) would find some fault no matter what you did. They just don't like to see changes made," Kronish commented. County Engineer 'f!!1;:.. verified the company was keeping all engineering agree ments. It has installed a salini ty dam in the present canal and is building weirs further inland to maintain fresh water level. Turner said one of the
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NATIONAL AUDUBON Gfu,,r,,rJpn/ SOCIETY 11 J(J '!!# 28 Telephone: ENrl1ht 9-2100 ch'1 ster .. b :m. Soc' 'y D e :: n on e t y') let .... .,.. f :! ., 2n :1ic' 1 .r1. j t recPiv 'e'"e havine tr:.1 l o ;:;.ect: L 15, it" rl. '2:11e sec on t:.E ,t10 1 i n front of a ore direct r od 0;1 the lt st in.to hich : Lr. e::tl e :ell ,l.riller -1 cit0 ,f2 ..1 the o ,a ter 1ell, I believe be a s 1 .1-'o l:'o zeC. in d fro 1 .Tell best l)cate a re idPnccs in Sec:ion 22 the Joth of t to O\l. thE followi!l e s t i. J 8001 D0ep :11 ,;-.:..1 001 c 25 .e:i. :t._ ....... 1 ..... _-: .... 7 ... 5..;...;.o..;;.o_ $J JC0 .00 I \ Founded 1905 ... Dedicated to Conservation of Wlldllfe, Plants, Soll and Water In Relation to Human Pro1ress

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11', Carl I Buchheister 1200 t Dee"'J 8 r '"'5 as1_.:, v't '-J :?; 700 0 't 1 ,275.00 $ 3 975.00 PP e 2 ove ive c3 roxiaate exj?ense, c0..,t c'epe"10.ent on 2..mo,mt of Cc. zing rer1uired.. 'eather ermittin I hOiJ"l t:.i: t ie c11itted la. or expense fJ::-t1i3 project as 7.50.00, 1owever, V1is .i:J::'St Woek in renewine six sections, 1:::-. Owens wit1 th0 assistance of one or other -: our sta.Zf o:-e ha., J:>:'.)Ved qc:ite ca a:Jle of L. ndli"'l{; this proj<>ct, \e sf>..,11 not reqyire any 0tside assistal.i.Ce wr .. ic:1-1ill ,.,, the la1l0: e:,. :!: did s.:lticii)2.te. Two Jet fie iters have just in the a.st few ninutes zoomed over oui roofto s re.iii'l. s 1,1e I did no t 1enti0n t:1"t Jae. rO\rn elf oa our last fli 11 t ove:.. t. e revie 1in" t-:.e to::.k nesting, l'1arro\:ly nissed a collision ,,Ji th 0nr of these Jets. These flits occur de.ily over t1'1e i:inct altitude vary, ut rnostly l....-l P.vel 0.1 a Soii.t'h to !forth f1 i:::;ht a.th, the m.u.1 er of vary day sometimes \e have as Jany as fur icidents. I l&Ve l earnecl. these :i;ilc,nes are bFsed at Sanford lT2.vr. Base, an ir Force reservist also o:'fered. t:..e :::-ec. ::or -':he fl;y-in i.s Po l y ilots ..;rBGtisin il:i:..1__, ,1.udA: t:1e P.adar screen, t is mos t d.isconcertint;; to us end it does dist:i.r t c od Storl:s. Cll.itrles D Hutchinson s per ill. te J.lC..e.'l. t

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.. NATIONAL AUDUBON SOCIETY '!JAjd&fveruw : .J.o ; -='perr o e ?JJ.Y f .,...t1:ier eve lo .. f>:len t b;r t surv ere' h0wev"3r r,_0nd to vis:i. t i th .r. o iils')n Esoci ... tes \J. C'1 I o it'.l Tryles '!:1e ::.IL'.: tomorro ,_J 1is latest report. Frank clam' s fat1er and ri.ot11":' visit hi t.1is !v"'keno. I '1 d a very tal::: t '.:!'.'. C.. "1.S 1 o is a very re u ti:i le h, is -;;' C'..._:-lie rookf'i-=-ld. P:1c1 as 11-1-t11e s..rveJ forte 1 ces l'!'at.;onal P i:: 1 r-.ds, is i:-ls-J ve 'r..;. ..,ili .. r .he of Collie.,., County 2nci h ;:; a= .nd t .i<: qrea. e as most sy 111 t, Ptic tow rcls our pr') ler:i on so:t:1 ')'JnC ry, (' i:n--ests tlmt we place r.ionu."lenta elon.cr 0'1.r line e:''),.P 'ils-J"l .iiSSoci tes riake thei ci aim imd do thi "possession s n:i'.ne tent of t law", he J.,.,,S offered t o un erta

r it as r ost dit.l:' oint.:.1. to f-l.nc"'.. tl t c"_U'ir tie i.i t of :::: c 2 rd the \L ..,in op0r"'t '.ln C. ee.1 halted ;,. mec .ic?l breakdown RepRir::: t J :_1 ine ve:i:'e bey0nd our 1echanic"'l r i l:i t:r thus interr<.1::_.,tin.0-P.t,r in i:i, efff 2 when O_Jerat :m was rf's'Ul:.ied nc h<>s ee::i continuous Founded 1905 Dedi cated to Conservation of Wildlife, Plants Soil and Water in Relation to Human Progress

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, r CPrl' :Buch eister 2 than other re la::shut I am watchin.r; i t close y the Si "'ine a;; dev lo ed an er:atic sound. A f"'P one eek of o eration I e ected to see an i rov em1m.t i n t > it:iter level in t:ie L tt01ce lakes u t t ey are dro by the de,ree as in revious s, I a s distl.I'bed by this observation a n c decided to ascertain the reason. I was most sur)rised to find t t tie volume of water ein, '\l!ll e d is not f iu direction we a. 'ticipated, it is follo n, a northerl y course, I intend to keep chec kin" tlii t h o i:gh and try to deternL1 e action we should tak fo have had several visits froJJ 'lr. Gardner S t out and his frien s unfortunatel y have not been to de v ote as much of xy time to him a I ould :ike to have because oft P num r of visitor s on the oard a l k and o t e r s :h ich I ha. e us t recentl y received the p aGe p r ofs o the new tour b o Llet from th .t!ri l ter, I had a tele hone converza ti on wit Sandy toni t i n this on efore he le t :or t e ahamas, 110 e to be able o rec eek the r ofs wi t't t. e presen t Acolof.Y a.round the :Boardwa l k there ha VP een so-:ie c an,..es tate place nn'1 rant o me.kP SJ.re we h;:ive it retty well 1 ned u p an u p to date efore inal :Best re :ard Very sincer e l y c#4eL C nrle J Hutc L1 on u

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NATIONAL AUDUBON SOCIETY
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: fr. Ca 1 F ]ucl 1eister Pace 2 rreat need for pu lie i nterest to assure t at areas sue as t e Sanctuary e set aside for t e per. etua te ha itat of t e wildlife. I m very ,;lad to ee.r that you i to see an t D: 1i t r.r. ner 1ile yo 1 were here and t e..t ii:;; attitude ilas favora le. e urvey oen you mention iave no t visited as yet. I !':!101:1 you ill e ha.)pj' t o ei:ir the :.lU"!l. er o: visitors has eally icked up, since Fe r fu"'y 17th we iave been averac;ing a daily total of 120 I do hope this will continue throuP. ster at least. eve enclosed a c0 of my letter to Tr. orter re&arding the Bud. et I presf'mted 'hie 1ill e. lain I ho e that I aI:J. not throwin"" all caution to t e winds, am alHays very iuch of the need for econo'UY and you understand t.1is so will no t dwell furt l r on t ii subject. I am sorry for t .e ':lisunders t!'l"lrlinG about you authorization, rat er t e fact t18t/Our aut1oriz&.tion was not .::.;ranted fo the :-oaduork. This is a su gestion I me stress the need for econo:::iy it if .er1a s a forn 1 tter sir:ned entire Society staff to kee 'cis ave in '7tin d my s taff are to h?s ecom aswon rin& .rou crsonally req,uestin tle efforts of t e in lind "1i ht cive the!l an added incentive. 1!'1a111-you for -:.e c responde11ce ecardin fiture wells, t ese t OU"' ts expressed re r inP restrictions on takiw.:: o subterranean water had concerned r nd I olieve I icl ncntion tliS to OU and possi l y ::r. in<'er. I s all e inter ste in what tie of a )Oft. well mit;ht e ]est rerards. Encl. Sincerely, C :ierles D utc in son Sup erintendent

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D Mr. CHora;e }1ort81" A ehtant '1-eaeurer Natlom.l Audubon S'Oeie\7 11'0 ifth Avenue ew Yc>rk 28, N.Y ln response to your letter Of !ebt"U.Q..-y 26th, I am encloein an amended o ot the bud.pt which l hope wUl help cleai-up tb.i misv.nd r tn.ndi which hA. rien. l rec;ret that error was made by me tn o.las81t71nc the t1110 expen Imp:..ovement and Jqui]illllent purcha lmprOYe ents should :read $2 ,000.00. This en wat diacuned wt th )UQbhetater ln Aucuet 1962 bu' he d.1d not officially authorize thh, iwe aqeed '\\ 1 would d .efa thh expense a lon as possible, your letter now advise no\ Jun 196ij and I vill comply Equtpment 9voha1,e 1should read $), 000 .. 00 wldob lm::lude1 of both S p lSUCCY and n.ek.up tnuJk. now, I Ql.81' l'J well hav undereeUmatfld. thi cost, ev n takin tnto contidera.tion the ua. in valU. of our pre1ent truck, however lt 1a quite poe1lble that the purchate oi a truck 11181" no\ be neoes arr as yet we ha.Te not experienced art/' serious mecha.nicel t:rouble with the truok but it 1a used extendvel.J' and each tl'l:p to Fort MYere 1 hundred mU round trip and th daS.lT naall t:tlp to Ittm.okalee involves thttty two miles so the mileace acoumula tee vrr rapidJ.t. A Swamp lhte&'T or H aim11U' type vehicle definitely will be requ1rect. for patrol work d.ul'i th very wet eeaaon, the J ep ta ueeleae undr the conditions of the terr in here at that tlm J dtecu8l!led this with Mr ucbhe1 er wh.en he was hAre recently and we a.creed to delq th.is expense ae lonp..1 :po sfbl.e but U will be incu,rred betor& June 1964. 1'he total ot the S&lariel xpense includes s larlet of teaaonal 011de and patrol rd.en h1ch has aot been authorized) onl.y antto1pated. I M sQrry that rJ11 1nterpra'b.tion of a Budget y have caused sOm& that t was about to depart on a ooursl9 of extravagance As I d no knovledce of the procedUre Uled by the Soot.et,' in the :pr ration of udcet I proceeded to comp11e l t ae t have in my n1ous occu.p tiona, ref err in to the &J:PQnae and income recordt I bad here then anticipatlr.ia 'lltha.t expent could be incurred d'l\rtn.c th4J next fisoal year of course authorization wOUld be required for 'feey lar,;e expenditure&. A.ctini: u: n the th.at the :Budcet 111as only a method u ed to deter ine th man.. 9%J>&nae anticipated for an annq,al opemt1on and would be ad.justed in accordance v1'h. the flnanclal condition of the $ ,oc:1e"W with each de rtrnent beinc tnft'.t!'me4 s to their allotted operational tund

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r I i7' lucttit. 91d ll. Hl.ltehs.ruson !ii\'!Ulll.,,.,Jl 0