Alaskan Caver

Material Information

Alaskan Caver
Series Title:
Alaskan Caver
Alternate Title:
Alaska Caver
Pease, Chuck
National Speleological Society (Alaskan Cave Areas Conservation Task Force)
National Speleological Society (Glacier Grotto)
University of Alaska Southeast (School of Arts and Sciences)
Publication Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
Regional Speleology ( local )
serial ( sobekcm )
United States


General Note:
Contents: Upcoming Events -- Occurrences of Carbonate Rock in the Ketchikan Area -- 1990 Glacier Cave Explorations in Byron Valley -- Technical Preliminary Report #24: Old One-Eye Cave -- Technical Preliminary Report #26: Captain Soup Cave -- Technical Preliminary Report #27: Raven Cave -- Technical Preliminary Report #28: The Real McCoy Cave -- Technical Preliminary Report #29: Four Corners Cave -- Technical Preliminary Report #30: Maiden Hair Cave -- Technical Preliminary Report #31: Marble Cave -- Technical Preliminary Report #32: Calder Cave.
Open Access - Permission by Author(s)
Original Version:
Vol. 11, no. 3 (1991)
General Note:
See Extended description for more information.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
K26-00217 ( USFLDC DOI )
k26.217 ( USFLDC Handle )
4377 ( karstportal - original NodeID )

USFLDC Membership

Karst Information Portal

Postcard Information



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Vpl ume 11 THE A1 A$MW CAVEA Number 2 The Alsskan Cav~lr [ISSN 0735-04811 is tha intamittent publicetion of the Glacier Grotto of the Matronel Speleologial Snciety. Cow right 1991 by the Glecier Grotto. Mgterials not wpy righted by inbivl duals er by other groups maj be mpisd by other NSS Publl mti on6 prwi ded crsdi F 1s given ta tha authar and The Ataskan aver and e copy is mnt to the Ed4 tar [addreas bela]. Bsck ~ssues ere wellable frm the President for $2 each. Send articles, Letters, news itms, announcements, trip repclrts, cave surveys, drmings, photographs, snd sn forth directly to the Edi tar. Dpi nions expressed within ere not necessert Ly those Df Tha ALssbn Cever, the GLeci BP Grotto, or the NSS. Mwnbershi g i s open to all interested r n Alaskan mve dismvery, sxpl oration, description, survey" mapping, photography, hydrology, morphology, biology, geology, history, speleegenesis and athar spelaean processes, conse weti on, menegment, adventures, end the f el 1 mshl p of Alaskan cwers. Annlsl dues we $15 for individual Or 820 for fmily mmlmrship. Add SB to dues if merseas ond aimail postageis prefarred wersurf.face. Institutionel subscriptiansara 82(1 parvolvne [6 issues). Duss are due on Janmry 1 end sre sent to Cha Treasurer [address bela), payable to G Lacf ar Grotto. fhom j oining for me f t tst time be*wen October 1 mnd Dember 31 will be mnsi dered paid through tha ?oklainr, year. Pws swtus 16 indi mted on tha mailin0 lebet. hhorege meetings ere held at 7:311pn on the wwnd Wednesday nf each month tocati on I nf onnati on on back cover]. Cgetl ngs heLd in ether sraas ere not ragularly 6chsduladr and may be ~rrenged through the spprnprlata Vi cer Preai dent. Qffiwrs Nme Address m-b St Zlp President 3 ~odwell, Jr 2944 hory St AnchorageAK99508 VP North Mike Mauser 1466 Carr Ave Fa1 rbanks AK 99709 YPSCBnt OurvinMebler POBox100738 AnchorapM99flO VPSEast KevinNlred POBox376 Hal nes AK 99827 Secretary 3 ack Mass1 e 3440 W 86th Apt 8 Anchorage PX 99502 Treasurer W Harvqr Brrers 305 5 Bart1 &t 6r Wasill a PX 99687 Editor Cum in Metzler P 0 Box 103738 Anchorage AK 99510 WFbgRep hveKtInpr POBox537 Lewlurth WA 98826 Prog &ai r P Kt ng & R l4ys 18U Bannister St Anchorage AK 99508 Conservatn J Irn Ferguson P 0 Box 20908 Juneau AK 99802 Cave Rescu Gene Ky 1 e 201 E 9th Fbn 300 Andorage AK 99501 Hcme Work 277-7l50 277-7EO 456-5953 452-1414 272-8766 272-8766 via WNS* via WINS* 474-0104 585-623 376-2294 373-2247 272-8766 232-8766 54&54807 54E-5Emt 276-0l.38 564-5220 463-3829 789-3151 24&3297 21 1-2424 Messages may ke announced to Kevin daily via radio *ation WNS at (907) f6~2020 The area m& for hve Kl inpr in Leavermorth Washington i s (509) (both nmbers) Cwer: Looking out fran a glacier cave In Byron Valley. Photo by Jack Massie. Tab1 e of Contents ............ Occurrences of Carbonate Rock In the KetchTkan Area 4 1990 Glacier Cave Explorations In Byron Valley ............... 5 ............ Technical Preliminary Report #24: Old One-Eye Cave 10 Technical Preliminary Report %%: Captain Soup Cave ............ 12 Technical PreliminaryReport#27: Ravencave ............... 15 Technical Preliminary Report #28: The Real McCoy Cave ........... 16 Technical Preliminary Report 829: Four Corners Cave ............ 17 ............ Technical Prel lmlnary Reprt 00: Mai den Hal r Cave 18 Technical Preliminary Report #31: Marble Cave ............... 19 Technical Preliminary Report W2: Calder Cave ............... 21 Page 2 The Alaskan Caver Vol me I1 Nunber 3 Septem ber 19911


Upi ng Everrtr Credit r here Qedi t Is Due Termination dust can be seen frm Anchorage on the nei gh bori ng rnozlntai ns of the Chugach Range. This traaf tf ona7 ly si gnal s the end of summer and that winter in only around the corner. But it can also be a sign that the glacier cav 'i ng season 1 s j ust a bout to begi n. Last yearts glacier caving season turned out to be a really good one which was over a month long. The article and photographs which follow (pages 5 thru 91 smrnarize the seven trfps frm last fall. This year the caves should be even 1 arger, as their cycl e has not yet reached its peak. The potenti a1 season for glacier caving in Byron Valley is fran early to inid October until early to mid Novmber. For safety reasons, trips are planned for after freeze-up and are cancelled if there is any fresh snw or potential avalanche danger, But gl aci er caving i s a wonderful w ay to f ill the seasonal gap bebeen summer and winter outdoor activities. SInce glacier caving has its rIsk5, It is highly recommended that any person Interested in this acttvity contact our organization and accmpany us on one of our trips. Along with an enjoyable day of spel unking, we attanpt to educate participants concerning safety Issues. We point out the dangers and potent'i a1 hazards which are to be avoi ded, and we give advice on where and hw to expl ore. Anyone interested 1 n spe'leology or spe'leogenesl s or the dwel opment of cave features and speleothans rnIght consider the opportunfties provided In glacier caving. Many of the same forms which are cmon i n 1 imestone sol ution caves are also found in glacier caves, though the sol ute/preci pi tate i s water/{ ce and the fl uf d f s a1 r. If anyone would 31ke to join in on one of the Gl aci er Grotto excursions to the glacier caves of Byron Valley thfs fall, please contact Cumin Meetrler at 272-8766. Thfs Is also a chance to see a glad er frm the I nsf de-a vl w and a perspective which few peopl e ever get to experl snce. On the bottan of page ?O of our last issue, Caver llE2):101 were a pair of photographs entitled "Formati ons i n El Capltan Caven. These were both creaited to Norm ThmIpson; but actually only the one on the right was his work. The one on the left was, instead, taken by Carl ene A1 1 red. The ball ots have been counteo and the new officers stand as nminatea: Pr esi de nt 3 ay Rockw el 1 J r. VP: Nor~ern Mf ke Mauser VP: Southcentral Curv i n Metz 1 er VP: Southeast Kevin Allred Secretary 3 ack Ma ssi e Treasurer W. Harvey Bwers Sane old bones found In El Capitan Cdve have been Zdentlf fed as those of pus 5.l~~ a gi ganti c exti nct bear. Other bones i n the same chamber be1 ong to black bear; there were also salmon bones, assmed to be f rcm bl ack bear stanach contents. Sane old bones found In Blwing in the Wind Cave have been Idamtf f led as those of a 1 arge exti nct wolveri ne. El Cap1 tan Cave has been extended to PO ,190 feet. In the 1fover-200Qfoot" class, Blaring In the Wjnd Cave has been extended to 2923.9 feet, and Bridal Veil Cave has been surveyed to 2128.3 feet. Caves i n the "ov er-1000foottt cl ass now i ncl ude Riverq s End Cave at 1029.1 feet, Eagl e* s Roost Cave at 1103 feet, Dragonf s Breath Cave at 1275.9 feet, and Capi tan Pi t at 1208.6 feet, There were a total of 35 new caves surveyed to completion and twelve new caves started but not f in1 shed, Septem bes 1991 Val une 11 Number 3 The A1 askan Caver Page 3


Wi mutes of 67 acI er Grotto bti ng Anchorage Ar* June 12, 1991 The meeting was called to order at 7:40pm on June 12* 1991. Sam Dclnaway, treasurerl gave the treasurer' s report ; this was follrned by the reading of the mlnutes of the previous meeting by Jack Mssi e, secretary. Paul Sandhofer then presented I nfornation on the possibility of using National Guard planes wl th regards to shrrttl i ng pop1 e and/or eq ui pmen t to Juneau for PWIE V this July. He said that he would bring an update to the grotto meeting 1 n J ul y. Jay Rockwell sent the vf deo about the El Capitano cave system (fn Mexico) on to the Fai rbanks grotta members for thei r viewing. It had been obtal ned from NSS and had a1 ready been viewed in Anchorage. The subject of a grotto plcni c was raf sed; t was approved by the group. The date of Saturday, September 7 was selectedr as was the location of the Clark's hmestead fn Palmer. Fliers will be mailed out; they w Ill contain a map indicating directions fran Palmer. The production of Glacl er Grotto t-shirts* seatshirts, and/or hats, with sane sort of club logo printed on them, was discussed. The i dea was for these itms to be on sale, advert1 sed through the nerrsletter, to bring in a little more money for the grotto. The i dea of having a contest where members submit designs for the new grotta 1 oge was a1 so brought up and seconded. Curvin Metzler gave a brfef report on some of hfs recent trips; he also out1 i ned some upcomj ng tri ps that he n as organizing, in case any other rnanbers mi gh t be abl e to go a1 ong. Jay Rockwell safd he had talkec to Jim Balchtal and was informed that Kevin All red was going around recording cave openings on Prince of Wales Island. This was being done so that the local loggers would not fall trees or brush that mi ght cover thei r openl ngs. A number of new caves were saio to have been discovered recently on Prince of Wales Island, which is generat1 ng quite a blt of exci tment and ant1 ci pa ti on among our 1 ocal grotto mm bersh 7 p. Kevin also acquired a post office box on Prince of Wales Island to be used to ship equipment and supplies prior to the trip. The meet1 ng was adjourned at 9: 15pm. For the program, Jay presented a sl ide shw of last year's trip to Prince of Wales Island; the slide show ended at 10:ZOpm. Occurrence of Carbonate Rmks in the btchi kan Area by 3 im Bajchtal Prince of Wales Island 576#500 acres 900 square miles Rwi11agf gedo 16,215 acres 25 square miles Of the 925 square mfles of carbonate rocks* karst topography has devel oped on at least 75% of the area, or rough1 y 700 squaremiles1 Of this 700 square miles, 30% of the area, or approximately 200 square miles, displays well-dwel oped karst topography l A1 1 areas have we1 1devel oped sub-surface drai nage. The areas where we1 1-devel oped karst topography is present have ten to fifty features per square mile. IM a1 1 areas which dl sp7 ay we1 1-devel oped karst topography, 2Q% have greater than fifty karst features per square mil e. Many of these areas have hundreds of si nkhol es, COP 1 apsed channel sr and other sol vtl on features per square rnlle. Wst are found in sub-alpine and a1 pine reg1ons.n Page 4 The A1 askan Caver Vol me 11 Number 3 September 1991


1990 Glacier Cave Explorations In Bymn Valley by Curvin Metzler After doing a few sl I de shms ta2 ks for the University of A1 aska? Anchorage, (UAA) and a couple of local clubs? I was asked by UAA9 Student Life program to guide a group of students on the explw ration of sane gl aci er caves. On1 y one excursion was planned? but the response was so great that there ended up being three different university trf ps. And after adding an excursdon with a local scout troop and three separate GI acier Grotto trips, the total number of trips 1 ast season reached seven. An early reconnaissance trj p of the GlacIer Grotto showed the caves to be open, but the1 r expl oratlon durfng that particular trip was not attempted due to ral ny weather. The first university trip took place two weekends later, on October 20, Along with the group who sfgned up through Student Life were a few members of the UAA Photography Club out getting sane dramatic shots. The first UAA trip was successful, as we were abl a to get I nto both of the lmer snwfiel d cave systans. Members of the Photography Cl ub dl d a 7 i ttl e bi t of exploring an thei r own; they were not present for my gui ded wal k. They caught Jay Rockwell 5 1 lecture on safety at the U. S. Forest Ssrv ice V isi tor Center--but not until after they had been in sane f ai rl y ri sky cave passages. A group Srm Al aska Paci f ic University IAW) joi ned me through the same caves in another trip on the follming day. ThIs time we were able to reach the Byron Gl aci err too, and found some snow hoodoos down i n one of the entrance pits. We coul d not go far into the ma7 n passage of the Byron Glaci er i tsel f as the stream was stlll flowing rapidly, But we did explore a passage 1 ocated to the ri sht of the main passage, 1 ooki ng up the valley. It was entered frm its upper end and ran mostly eastward and perpendi cul ar to the maf n passage. A week later, I cufded Scout Troop 209 th rough the 1 ow er snow f 1 el d system and up again to the same side passage In the Byron G1 aci er. Sane of the advanced scouts surveyed the side passage and Frost Patterns on the Ice Covering the Stream frm the Byron Glacjer. Photo by Curvin ktzler. September 1991 Vol me 11 Nunber 3 The A1 askan Caver Page 5


Scout Troup 209 Entering the West Side Passage of the Byron Glacfer Cave. Photo by Scout Troop 209. found it to be about 400 feet in 1 ength before i ntersecti ng the mal n passage. There was a short side passage* too; see the accmpanyjng survey map. On the following day, another group from UAA planned to explore the caves; they were a1 1 full of exci tment after hearing about the trips of the previous weekend. But upon our arrival in Byron Valley, we found a foot of freshly fallen snow covering the vall ey floor. We went far enough down the trail to 'look at the caves frm a safe distance, but dld not dare go closer to thm during this time of hIgh avalanche danger. We chose to watch the film about glaciers f nstead-llVoices frm the Icev, being shown at the U. S. Forest Sewi ce Vi sitor Center. A week later, a mall group from the Glacier Grotto pald the caves yet another vi sit. We were able to enter the lower snowfield cave, but found the main passage heading up the gully filled wl th snow that had avalanched into the cave since the week before. Anyone who might have thought that our decf sion not to enter the caves the week before was unj ustif ied certal nly woul d have been suff iclently convinced 0therw.l sa. The number and sfze of -tee formations, or 'qcryospel eothms" as they are probably called, varied fran visit to v is1 t. In the f ina7 tri p of the season, another one arranged through the Gl aci er Grotto, there were 1 ess 1 ce formations than during the week before. Mcwever, one of the f ormat1 ons turned out to be the most unusual ice formations that we have ever seen, On the previous trip, we had seen a pretty Ice ribbon which connected to an Ice column, as shcmn in one of the photographs accompanying this article. Bvt after that photograph was taken, ai r fl cms eroded away at the rj bbon until it no l onger had contact w 1 th the passage cei 1 i ng a1 ong f ts enti re 1 ength. Odd1 y enough, the erodfng did not take place along the lower edge of the ribbon as rap4 dly as a? ong the upper contact with the passage cell ing. When the ribbon was examined on thls trip, It was hanging by only one of the ends of the rf bbon. But It was not hanging still--it was blowtng lightly with the flaw of air through the cave! For 1 ack of another name, I call ed the f ormati on i ca my1 ar, si nce i t was very Page 6 The A1 aska n Caver Vcl me 11 Nmber 3 Septm ber 1991


thin and could blcu in the wind. And unfortunately, I did not have my camera and flash along on this final trip of the season--but I hope I have learned my lesson, not to I eave them behind. The ri bbon rnentl oned above f omed in a mall chamber along a side passage off of the main horizontal route. Thie chamber has a chimney which appears to connect to a crack I n the surface of the sncmfield above. Thewalls in this chamber should be examined carefully, as they usually contain many icewoms, which look like black hajrs. I shoul d mention that there were other I nteresti ng sl ghtl n gs on these seven trips, besl des the glacier caves and theIs contents. Beluga (white) whales were spotted just off shore fran along the highway on most of the trips dwn to the caves. Dall sheep and bald eagles were often spotted as well, as we enjoyed the beautiful drive to Byron Valley. And the tracks of a large wild cani dl most l i kel y a wol f* were cl early vf si bl e on the edge of the top of the upper snowf-l el d. 7-19 1990 glacier caving season was good one, and sane of us got a chance to get i nto the same caves a number of different times. As a result, we were abl e to see changes take pl ace f n the cave passages and features and observe these changes in progress week after week. Thls is very educational, and after years of expl ori ng and observing such changes, one learns a lot about stabil ity trends within 97 aci er caves. Though the changes observed had taken place in caverns made of ice, they seemed to cl osel y pa ral 1 el the changes which occur in 1 imestone solution caves. Whereas in 1 fmestone caves the calcium carbonate is suspended in and deposited by water, i n gl aci er caves water/ ice i s suspended In and deposited by air/water. Both f1ul;ds cause scalloping or fluting along the passage walls. Both sol utes prec! pi tate out to f om stal adi tes, stal agni tes, col umnsr ribbons. draperies, and flowstone. But whereas it mjght take thousands of years to farm signjf Icant speleothms in 1 imestoner it takes on1 y a matter of weeks to form sirnll ar objects in Ice. Often the same format1 ons can be found to grw In the same 1 ocati ons year after year f n gl aci er caves. n Map of the West Side Passage of the Byron Glacier Cave. Surveyed by Advanced Scouts i n Troop 209. September 1991 Qol me 11 Nmber 3 The A1 askan Caver


Ice Ribbon, Col urnn and Stal acti tes f n the Iceworm Chamber of the Lower Snowfjeld Cave of Byron Valley. Photo by Curvin Metzler. Small Tube Passage in Walt of the Entrance Pit to a Lateral Cave Along the West Side of the Byron Glad Photo by Curv f n Metz 1 er. er. Page a The A1 askan Caver Vol me 11 Number 3 September 1991


Snow Hoodoos Found i n the Entrance Pit to a Lateral Cave Along the West Side of the Byron Glacier. Photo by Curvin Metzler. Snow f run an Av a1 anche Fill s the Mai n "Vertical Passage of the Lwer Snwfield Cave of Byron Valley. Photo by Curvin Metzler. Septem bet1991 Vol me 11 Number 3 The A1 askan Caver Page 9


Dl scovery 01 d OreEye Cave Prince of Wales island Technical Prel iminary Report 124 by David Kl fnger September 24, 1990 The locations of two pits were reported by U. S. Forest Service empl oyees Jim Brainard and Cass Klee while rnarklng the boundary of a timber sale in the Exchange Cwe area of Prince of Wales Island. David Klinger elected to check out these leads as well as look for other 1 eads wl thfn the sale area. On July 30, 1990, after checking the north end of the sale area, he found the western boundary and followed the markers to a hilltop covered with a dense thicket. At this time ltFiomrna Beart1, who he had never seen, sent her whlrnpering cub up a nearby tree. Davi d carefully backed up and took a detour around the area. Back an the boundary he continued and found one of the %o reported plts. It contained a very ma7 1 I twenty-f oot-l ong cave of no significance named Nmo Pit. On August 1, David returned to find the other reported pit which) as 1 t turned out, contai ned "01 d OneEyetf Cave. It was not too far frm the area where the whimpering cub had been sent up the tree. Locati on The cave is located on a flat, karsted bench next to a tento fifteerr year-01 d clear-cut. Lying In oldgrwth timber* it is surrounded by brush, which makes !t invisible frm just a few yards away. Survey The survey was conducted using a Sf lva Ranger Ccmpass for both horizontal and vertl cal angl es. Df stances were measured using a fifty-foot survey tape. The horfzontal portlons of the cave were surveyed on August 1. On August Ut Dawl d returned with Bob Bastasz and Kathy Tonnessen. Bob and David dropped *he pit and cmpleted the survey. The entrance i 5 found be1 cmr a rock face at the bottan of the west side of the pit. It is possible to climb down the other three sides, with the north si de bei ng the preferred route. The cave is In Heceta limestone. Many noncarbonate cobbl estones, dl onS H I th some breakdown, cover the entire floor of the cave. As one enters the cave, one finds oneself in a wIdel 1cw roan (Kathyrs Hall l whlch slopes sharply to the west. At the back of the roan f s a cobblefilled passage. While water auld be heard drf ppi ng f ran this area, no wind was detected. In fact, there was no real a1 r rnovment anywhere in the cave. To the south is a passager Robertf s Route, whfch leaves the maln roan and leads to a twenty-foot pit, WhIrnpering Cub Pit. To descend the plt it was necessary to tie the rope to a 1 arge bl ock of breakdown in the main roan and run the l ine down the passage, Padding of the rope was necessary at and near the 7 i p of the pf t. At the bottan of the pit, the floor slopes to the west and then drops another ten feet to a sump. Th Is 1 atter drop can be negoti ated w ithaut rope. To the left is a large crack trending upward at about sixty degrees. While thecrack appeared to pinch out, time precl uded Its further expl oratt on. Water enters the cave frm several sources. there was much more water In the cave on the second vfsit, whfch occurred on August 13. There had been a great deal of ralnfall dusFng the I ntsrv enl ng perf od. Very few spel eothems were observed--just some small soda straws. No a nj ma1 or f nsect 1 If e was observed. page 10 The A1 askan Caver Vol me I1 Number 3 Septm ber 1991


Safety There were a number of loose rocks at the lfp of the pit; they had to be kicked dwn before it was safe to de send. This hazard should be sonsddered on any future trf p i nto the pit. Management Recommendatl ons This is a nice cave uhf ch may have future pot~nti a1 for extension as far as the cobblestone choke is concerned. The southward-trendf ng crack shoul d a1 so be checked. The entire cave needs to be photographed and ch~ked for biological specimens. Since this cave is 1 ocated on the edge of a timber sale area, the boundav shoul d be adj usted to protect the cave. This cave should have an NSS reward poster mounted i nsj de the entrance. COBBLE FILLED PASSAGE SOUND OF WATEP DRIPPING KATHY'S H4LL COULD BE HEARD BELOW t SINK fNTRnNCE SINK YInPERIHG CUB FIT EST :MATED ALTITUDE I 490 FFET I BAR0 ) SCALE IN FEFT @ 1990 BY DAVID )3. ULIHFER OLD ONE EYE CkVE Prfnee of Wales Island, Alaska Surveyed ky Glacier Grotto af the National Spelcologie~.l Society Total Passage Surveyed: 161.6 Feet. Total Dapth Survmyed: 91.7 Feet Surveyed by Bob Bantrrz an6 David Klinger Drafted b~ David Klingar Auguak-Septrmber 1990 MAP REFEAEYCE ?etessburg(A-4),klaakl Ouadrangle 15' StricrITopographie~ Septm kr 1991 Vol me 11 Nunber 3 The A1 askan Caver page 11


bptaIn Soup Cave Prince of Wales Is'tanc Technical Prel iminary Report #26 by Kevin A1 1 red October 8, 1990 Descsi pt i on Captain Soup Cave was discwered on 3 ul y 19, 1990, by Bruce Campbell and Kwin Allsed while searchtng for cave entrances for the U.S. Forest Service cave inventory. Kevin named It for Brucef s C3 radio Trhandlell. Located in Heceta 1 imestone, near a contact between Heceta on the east and Pol yml cti c congl merate on the west, the entrance begins with a twenty-foot drop. A sloping bedrock Sl oos then slants to the top of a thirty-foot drop. The main passage continues dwn a slope i nto lfDumpl l ng Hal 1 a spacj ous rom mostly covered with silt. A stoopway containing a bat skeleton and a1 so a nearby climbing ramp, ttFlanhandler't joln In a forty-foot-hfgh TOM. "dl pha bet Soupu, a si de passage further east, ends in evercpresent mud and s17 t after 35 feet. To the west, in Dumpling Hall and near the bottm of the entrance access slope, a deer skeleton lies on a lcwr bench of silt. It was identified by Steve Lerris as a threeyearcold doe. It Is not kncmn how long the skeleton has been there, but the deer apparently must have had enough strength to get upon the smewhat drier bank. A low, muddy passage~ "Vegetable Beefvt, heads easterly fran the deer skeleton andends in *Ill. "Sp3 it Pea" i s a steep? y cl irbl ng passage whl ch 1 eads north frm Dmpl i ng Hall. It contains another bat skeleton and espec'l ally gummy mud; the mud 1s cmon in other parts of the cave. 'Thicken Noodletr extends west frun Dump1 f ng Hal 1 and contal ns sane of the most beautiful formattons yet knwn In A1 aska. Besi des some f f ne exarnpl es of stal acti tes, stal agmi tes, and soda straws, there are tf ny5 Intricate whlte helectites. At the he1 f ctf tes f s a bicol ored soda straw, partly transparent and partly whdte. This nicely decorated branch of the cavE contains abocrt 100 feet of passage. At the begi nni ng of Ch i tke n Noodl e, a canyon named "Chicken Gumbo" leads downward to the north a few hundred feet and ends In fill. A mall flowing stream has deposited bl ack rimstone dams along much of the way down the canyon. The rlrnstone is easily crushed by walking, so one upstream section has been f 1 agged off to protect i t. Partway a1 ong Chicken Gumbo are some beautiful I mhangi ng, trans1 ucent draperies (bacon rinds) Kevin found them to be photo1 minescent in blue for slx seconds using an electronic flash. Here i s another si de passage, "Bean w f th Baconv, is a cwnplex of chimneys and muddy crawlways. Many parts are welldecorated w f th stal acti tes, he1 icti tes, and soda straws. There are a1 so some crystal s i n the bedrock resmbl ing those found i n Macho Peekaboo Cave on Perue Peak (see report #15 1 and a bed of crystal s i n a nearlby quarry. A twc-Soot-long soda straw col umn with he1 ictites grcwing f rorn it bars ethical explorers frar continuing in the crawlway. The total passage surveyed in Captain Soup is 1152.7 feet; it is 159.6 feet deep. Ma na gment Recommendati ans Captain Soup lies withln a cutting unit; it is recommended that the unit boundary be changed to give the underlying cave at least a 300-foot buffer zone. This spot of trees would also be utll fzed for wfldl ife habitat. Captat n Soup is the most beautIf ul cave n the statet but coul d be heav I1 y damaged by vandals and even accidental impacts, since many formations are in constricted areas where they are easily broken or soiled with the widespread mud. Therefore, the location of this cave shoul d be restr-l cted. n page 12 Vh e A1 askan Caver Volme 11 Nmber 3 September 1991


Jo m. I JULY alaW --11~Ln*Ietrrrnnd&-Lr*. Ikrm t? t.*rlM trrtrcurm Y mY WCLIm1DYR @*~~cltw~mn ~nrd September 1991 Yo1 me 11 Nunber 3 The A7 askan Caver page 13


Stalactftes and soda straws in Captaln Soup Cave. Photo by Carlene Allred. Str Helfctites in Captaln Soup Cave. Photo by Kevin A? 1 red. 11 acti te, he1 l ctl tes and soda straw ltaln Soup Cave, Photo by Kev-tn A11 s In red. page 14 The Alaskan Caver Vol me 11 Nm ber 3 Septm ber 1991


Ftaven &we Prince of Wales Is1 and Technical Prel irnjnary Report 227 by Kevfn Rllred October 8, 1990 Located In Heceta 1 irnestone near the contact with Polymictic conglanerate to the west, Raven Cave was dilscovered by Stan McCoy of the U. S. Forest Sew i ce as he nal ked the boundary of a cuttlng unj t. lle cave begins as a large sfnkhole, wlth access vfa a steep slope dwn to the north. The main east-westtrendi ng passage appears to be devel oped along the strike of beds dipping north. The main body of the cave 1 ies east of the entrance and contains soda straws, stalactites, and sane fine examples of bacon rinds up to three fnches wide and slx feet long. This direction ends in silt fIll after 150 feet. vwMt.uYI Muk ~trr+ West of the entrance, a sixty-foot1 ong passage conta 1 ns noomll k popcornt moonm i 1 k stal acti tes, bl ack deposl ts and small do1 ia-1 ike rtm formations on the wall5 and under overhangs. The total length of the cave is 276.6 feet; its depth is 96.3 feet. Ma nagment Recommendat1 ons It is recmended that the boundary of the unit be moved to provlde at 1 east a 300-foot buffer zone for the underlying cave to prevent vandalim and logging Impacts. The 1 ocation of this cave shoul d be restrl cted. D September 1991 Vol me 11 Number 3 The Alaskan Caver -AUd page 15


The Real WcCoy Gave Pri nce of Wal es Is1 and Technical Preliminary Repart #28 by Kevin All red October 8, 1990 The Real McCoy is a small pit located fn Heceta limestone near the contact of the Pol ymi cti c congl anerate to the west. The fnitial fxenty-foot drop Is sl lghtly werhangfng to a steep slope unstabl e with organ! c debri s and rubble. A narrow cany owl f ke passage continues thfrty feet to a choke of cobbles and dl rt. A void be1 rn Issues the echoing sound of dripping water, so digging with a trowel for a fw hours coul d eKtend the cave. lhe temperature feet length MAft dwth 56.2 ft THE REaL MC COY PRINCE OF WALES ISLAND m.*ry-olanr, *-s-at the bottm of the arop i s 47 degrees, i ndi cati ng possi bl e downward-fl wing a4 r rather than a seal ed-off col d trap. Total surveyed passage is 61.4 feet and the depth is 56.2 feet. Fh nagement Recornmendatl ons Within the boundary of a cutting unit, thls pit should have a 300-foot buffer around its entrance ta prevent further fflljng by logging activ1ties.n A PLAN VIEW 2 4 YM 3 > > -7 T t 7 ENTRANCE 7 Z +4 Ab b PROFIE I' too tight page 16 The A1 aska n Caver Yo1 me 11 Nunber 3 Septm ber 1991


Four iCo~ners Cave Prince of Wales Island f echni cal Prel lmi nary Report 829 by Kevfn All red October 8, 1990 Discwered and reported by Earl stricts soon beyond the entrance to a Ritter of LabouchersBay, Four Corners stoopway canyon being halfway ffllsd Cave is named after its location on with rocks and boulders. Thecaveends four section corners. Joel Hanson of abruptlyinffllafter60feet. Passages Wrangell reported a cave in the same mntaInsmescallopsandthewa~~sare location thl s year. It Is not knmn if covered in ti ny white popcorn. Total the lxo are the same cave. surveyed passage I s 65.5 feet and the Kevin Allred investigated and depthisP8.7feet. surveyed Four Corners on August 5, 1990. The cave entrance is near the base of a 'Management Recommendatd ons cl iffy bl vff of Heceta 1 imestone on the north slope of Mount Calder. The tek There is no reason to restrict the foot-bytelrrfootentranceisaccessible locationof thiscavesince.iitisminor by a narrrm diagonal ledge. and has no slgnif7cant formations. Four Corners has phreatic or1 gi ns There may be other sign1 f Icant caves in with sane vadose rnodifl cation. It cow the area. $I 0 70 20 fee! YN a Run I '1 i FOUR CORNERS CAVE TONGASS HATONAL FORE9 PRlNCE OF WALES ISLAND ALASKA Septa ber 1991 Vol me 11 Nmber 3 The Alaskan Giver


kfden Haf r Cave Pr i nce of W a1 es lsl and Technical Prel iminary Report #30 by Kevin A71 red October 8, 1990 Kwi n All red discwered Maiden Hal r Cave on August 2t 1990. The entrance lies near the base of a mall steephead. The small bedrock ledge above the steep head can be seen by 1 ooking west about 300 feet through a clearcut f ~crn a nearby 1 aggf ng road. The cave was i naccessi $1 e untll Kevi n wi dened it enough to get i n. The water, h avi ng an estimated vol me of 37 gal 1 ons per minutep issues forth through a tl ny hole above a pool in the cave. It then disappears, only to emerge again at the spring outsf de. This tiny cave has 1 lttle chance of continuing beyond the sump. There 7s no need to restrict the 70cat10n of this cavep a5 it does not contains any spel eorh rn 5. P. Z ENTRANCE page 18 PROF1 CE SUMP MAI DEN HAIR CAVE PRINCE Of WALES ISLAND AMSKA X)m'JssUvLSP#Uk: i SnBXrclnm SURVEY w-ALlrrd August 2t990 The A1 askan Caver Vol me 11 Nmber 3 Run 3


Marble bve Prince of Wales Island Technical Prel irninasy Report 831 by Kev 1 n A1 1 red October 8, 1990 Kevin Allred found Warble Cave on J ul y 24, 1990, after i nvestl gatl ng surgences" reported by Cole Mull ? s and Mi ke Sh af er of the CI. S. Forest Serv i ce. Marbl e Cave i s 1 ocated onehal f m11 e west of Marble Creek in a prminent steepwalled water course. The stream canes fsm the mountain above, which 1 s i ntrusfve diorite* and disappears soon after reaching the Heceta 1 imestone, w hi ch has been metamorphosed j ntc rnarbl e. About 75 feet down the now-dry gully is the double cave entrance just above a 1 arge stagnant pool. me gul ty has periods of intensive flooding, judgfna frm the lags and rock movement. nG entrances are situated ~n a vertical portion of the ravine which allows debrls ta fall past It; thus the cave is saved f ran much f il 1 ing of cl asti c materl a1 Just Inside, the entrances jot R to fom "Surprise CanyonRq and the first drop (fifteen feet) fn the cave. A side passage then heads to the northwest* to Wirdwing Flssurel\ 44-1 feet abwe the entrance. As Kevin was mapping, strange fl utterdng no1 ses cane frm a narrow dlagonal crack connecting to the outsi de. A tfny bird fl itted about In the green vegetatfon just autslda and the mystery sound was solved. Back at Surprise Canyon, at the botta of the f 1 rst drop, one encounters other drops of twenty and thirty feet. A rape of 100 to 150 feet In length is recanmended for this series of drops. Surprise Canyon leads to a complex of tubes and chimneys to the east. Here are stal actltes, stal agn1 tes and soda straws; sae of the fw speleothmns in the cave. Rather than go up into the tube cmplexr a way dmn leads frm Surprlse Canyon. Sae handlines could be used In "Tub Gul chV# a steep canyon contat ning pool s and spe&acul ar bred ated marbl e. Tub Gulch becmes clogged with organic and ct astl c f 411 which makes ft a pcterr tial ddggqng site. A bypass leads around thfs area; in a mall eight-inch dlameter ho3 e off to the side, a 1 arge vo't me of water can be heard close by. Continuing a1 ong the bypass, "Gl jtterf ng Passagev is a beautiful, pure white, scalloped tube which pinches at 189.4 vertical feet below the entrance. Near the bottmr a side passage heads steeply upwards and continues beyond an unexplored constriction needing a mall person to continue. Marble cave is the first known cave 1 n A1 aska to be enti rely in marble. The rnarbl e Is often Impure and contains noncarbonate sharp nodul es. Total surveyed passage 1 s 746.5 feet, and total depth is 237.5 feet. Management Recommendat1 ons Because of f ts vertlcal nature, hrbl e Cave shovl d only be entered by those having vertical rkllls and equip rnent* Very warm clothing shoul d be worn# and the cave should be entered during dry perjods as it could easily flood unexpectantly durlng rainstorms. The 1 ocatl ons shoul ld be restri cted f rm the general pub1 ic. 13 September 1991 Vol me II Nunber 3 The A1 askan Cav er page 19


? 15tr 1c.U I I I I I I I I I I 1 i ~aSrq3md neoh *rvi* md page 20 The A1 askan Caver Volune 11 Nmber 3 Septm ber 1991


(=alder Gtre PrYnce of Wales Island Tech ni cal Prel irni nary Report #32 by Kevin Allred October 8, 1990 Cal der Cave was named by Mi ke Shafer after the nearby old trmnsite of Calder. It was located on July 25, 19901 by Kevin Allred, while on his way to Marble Cave. Kevin mlstcok its entrance for an upstream part of a re surgence system whlch dunps out I hto the deep ravine about 300 vertical feet belaw the entrance to Marble Cave. The next day, Carl ene A1 1 red entered and i nvesti gated Cal der Cave. She surveyed the forty-foot passage to a smp. The cave contains Go karst CALDER CAVE windows. Carl ene found that the cave resurgence was separate from the one fn the ravine to the east. It js not known which (if not both) of these resurgences i s associ ated w i th the Marble Cave systm. Management Recommendati ons There !s no need to restrict the location of Calder Cave. It is an interesting site and waul d make an excel 1 ent hydro1 ogi cal study. n m$d-&m ihm ow c sump-[ fd September 1991 Yo1 me 11 Nmber 3 The A1 askan Caver page 21


Meet1 ng of the G 7 aci er Grotto for the SouthCentral A1 aska Area at 7:30pm on Wednesday, October 9 in the off Ices of Stewart Ti tl e Suite 110 of the Cal a7 r I Bldg 3201 "Ctf Street I32nd and "C") everyone f s we1 come both members and nomenbers f rm Anchorage or el sew here Patches St111 hafl able brlef business meetlng pl an gl ac-f er cav Z ng trl p Glacler Grotto patches, designed di scussi on of future tri ps by Qrlene All red and shwn above, are In Ilrnfted stack but still aval'lab'te. reports on summer tri ps They cost $5 each, payable to 'Glacier sl leks of Alaskan caves Grottor1: w rf te to Voytek W f to, 8720 inf ormat1 on $ran 'POW IE V Boachw ood Cl rcl er Anchorage, AK 99502. G1acIss Grotto 2944 Emory Street Anchorage, A1 aska 99508-4466 Address Correetf on Requested

Contents: Upcoming
Events --
Occurrences of Carbonate Rock in the Ketchikan Area --
1990 Glacier Cave Explorations in Byron Valley --
Technical Preliminary Report #24: Old One-Eye Cave --
Technical Preliminary Report #26: Captain Soup Cave --
Technical Preliminary Report #27: Raven Cave --
Technical Preliminary Report #28: The Real McCoy Cave --
Technical Preliminary Report #29: Four Corners Cave --
Technical Preliminary Report #30: Maiden Hair Cave --
Technical Preliminary Report #31: Marble Cave --
Technical Preliminary Report #32: Calder Cave.