Alaskan Caver

Material Information

Alaskan Caver
Series Title:
Alaskan Caver
Alternate Title:
Alaska Caver
Pease, Chuck
National Speleological Society (Alaskan Cave Areas Conservation Task Force)
National Speleological Society (Glacier Grotto)
University of Alaska Southeast (School of Arts and Sciences)
Publication Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
Regional Speleology ( local )
serial ( sobekcm )
United States


General Note:
Contents: Northwest to Alaska -- Highlights of POWIE V (1991) -- Summary of January Meeting in Fairbanks -- Technical Preliminary Report #25: El Capitan Cave (1990) -- Preliminary Report #75: El Capitan Cave (1991) -- POWIE VI Challenge Cost Share Agreement -- Glacier Grotto Directory of Membership (End of 1991) -- Glacier Grotto List of New Members -- Shaman Caves -- Glacier Grotto Financial Report (1990) -- Glacier Grotto Financial Report (1991) -- Tongass Cave Project - Survey Standards.
Open Access - Permission by Author(s)
Original Version:
Vol. 12, no. 2 (1992)
General Note:
See Extended description for more information.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
K26-00222 ( USFLDC DOI )
k26.222 ( USFLDC Handle )
4382 ( karstportal - original NodeID )

USFLDC Membership

Karst Information Portal

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Voluma 42 Number 2 The Alaskan Qvsr [ISSN 07354481) is tha intermittant publication of the Glacier Grotto d 2hs National SprleologlcsL Sodaty. Coplri$it @I992 by thsGlecterGmtto. hter$rrls not eopjrtghfed by indirtdual$ or by other groups may be anpied by other NSS Publlmtions prmldd eredf t le giwnn to theauthor end The Naskan Bivnr end a rn~ ie mnt to tha Editor [addrema bsLm]. Back ieaws arm mailable f m the Redcbnt For 12 sach. Send nrtldes, Isttars, rmws i Cms, annomeaamnt& til p reports, cere aurvqa, drmlngh @otagraph& and so forth df rectly to the Edt tor, Opi done sxpreswd rtthin are not rmmsmrtly thod fha ALsskan Oevsr. the Qlecfsr Grotto, or the HSS. l a opn to all Intmrastad in At 08hn me dl amvary, ~11pLctrlti on, descri ptEon, BUPV~~, ~BPP~ ~9, $otOgraphy P hydtdogy~ mormol ow, bl ot ow, pd ogyl hllatory I B~L eowmd m tl~d ather spelaean prowsmg consarvstlo~ murmgunont, sdvsntura~, end thr fellashi p Alasbn cwars Annul dm8 ere $15 ror tndivichal or $201 far Pariky mbrhfpr Add to doa ff msrmma and eimatl plEtagele profarred wer suMuce, Instltutlond subecr3ptionsare $20 psrwoLma (8 isstma]. mre be on Janlmry 1 and ern mnt to ths Trsssursr lsddtaas blaF pay sble to GLscl sr G ratta. Thnaa j d ni ng Tor Pl ret tlae batween Oetohr 1 and hmmbsr 3? ~111 ba ~nel ckrsd pml d through tho follalng yser. Dim8 ImtueIsIndlcatad an ~emafllng label. Hsatfngsare held in dnchormgmm Fsl rbnks, end Ketch4 ban? see the back pap for I Mormatl on regard1 ng msstf ng times snd Lomtfonr. Officers Name Address city St Zip Resident J Rodwd.1, Js 29M bory St Anchorage AX 99508 VP North Mike Mauser 1466 Carr Ave FairAK 99709 YP SCent Rachel Hays 1813 Mster Rd Anchorage AK 99508 VP 5"Ehst Kevin Allred P 0 Bax 376 tEaines bK 99823 Secretary Jack bsaie 1853 Bertlett Dr Anchorage AK 99507 Treasurer W Harvey Bcwms 305 S Bartlett Cr Wasilla AK 99687 Editor CurvinMetzler POBox100738 AncharageIUC99510 Production Jack Massie 1853 Bartlett Dr Anchorage AK 99507 WRegRepDaveKLinger POBox537 liemrth WA 98826 Membership .Carl Clark, Sr P 0 Box 2725 Palmer PX 99645 Conservatn Jim Ferguson P 0 Box 20908 Jmeau AK 99802 Cave Rescu Gene Kyle 7020 Tall Spruce Anchorage AK 99502 Frog SCent John Jansen 7814 Raymar Er Anchorage AK 99518 Rog SEast Gary Sormenhrg U77 Pond Reef Rd Ketchikan AK 99901 Haue Work 277-7 150 273-7 150 4564953 452-1414 27 6-0138 2764138 KHE3S 766-2020 562-0417 349-8587 376-2294 373-2247 333-8766 786-1804 562-0417 349-85 87 (509) 548-5m currently no phone 463-2690 465-5365 2-3297 27 1-2424 344-4402 344-4402 247-1559 247-1559 Fried Eggs (or ig it Gonzo?) (frm POWIE 111, 1989). Photo by Norm Thompson. Table of Gmtentrr Northwest to Alaska . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Highlights of POWIE V (1991) . . . . . . . . . 5 Summary of January Meeting in Fairbanks . . . . . . . . . 5 Technical Preliminary Report #25: El Capitan Cave (19903 . . . . 6 Preliminary Report #fS: El Capitan Cave (19913 . . . . . . . 11 POWLE VI Challenge Cost Share Agreement . . . . , . . . . 14 Glacier Grotto Directory of Membership (End a 1991) . . . . . I6 Glacier Grotto List of New Members . , , . . . . . 19 Shaman bve~ . , , . . . , . . . . . . 19 Glacier Grotto Financial Report (1990) . . . . . . . . 20 Glacier Grotto Financial Report (1991) . . . . . . . . . 20 Tongass Cave Project--Survey Standards , . . . . . . . 21 Page 2 The Alaskan Caver Volme 12 Number 2 August 1992


NortbeEJt to Alaska by Fred Grady [~eprirted from the D.C. Speleo~raph 47 (101 :5-6, October 19911 Fy participation in the POUIE V Expedition of the Tangass Caves Project came about via a series of somewhat unrelated events. I had heard about the fine Cave6 that had been found on Prince of Wales Island, Alaska, and had seen the slide show of the project at the 1990 NSS Convention. Then I had gotten a National Geographic Research proposal to review regarding the collection of some bear bones that had been located in one of the caves. A little while Later 1 received a series of letters from Ray Garton that had been sent to the NSS Paleontology Section. One of these letters was from Kwin Allred, asking if someone in the Palea Section would be interested in assisting with the Tongaas project. Though the letter was several months old by the time X received it, it got my interest, At about the same time there was a note in the D. C. Spgleo~raph welcoming applications to participate in the 1991 expedition. After exchanging letters with Kwin Allred, I sent in my dues to the Glacier Grotto and booked a flight to Ketchikan. Alaska. Having seen a slide shaw on the 1990 PCkfIE expedition, 1 sounded up a full rain suit before leaving on July 13. Upon arrival at Ketchikan, f met another expedition member, Doug Strait. who had a motel room reserved which I was able to share. The next morning we met other expedition members Jay Rockwell. Win Wright, and the Allreds. We took a relaxing ferry ride for several hours to Hollis. From there we drwe in two vehicles to the El Capitan Work Camp. Accommodations at the work emp were better than I had expected. There were trailers to sleep in, eat in, and work in. The U. S. Forest Service had provided a large supply of food and we could order more. The first morning in camp we were given all sortg of information as to what we could and could not do and what the Forest Service could provide for us. Jim Baichtal and Cat Woods were the Forest Service people with whom we would deal directly. and both were very interested in the caves. Jim was locating new ones faster than we could possibly explore them. The first afternoon Jim. Win* Doug, and I took a power boat to see Cataract Cave, where Win wanted to set dye traps and take water samples. It was a bit of a hike from where we left the boat to the entrances, much of it over fallen tree trunks. Devil's club, a spFny plant. was all over rhe place, especidly just where I wanted re put my hands to pull myself over the tree trunks. I had brought along on this short trip oraly a flashlight and contented myself with poking around one of the entrances. The next day we were given a helicopter safety lecture. We were supposed to wear red fireresistant suits and inflatable life vests when riding in the helicopter. 1 suspected the real reason for the red suits was to make body recoveries easier. Fortunately I never did ride the helicopter as I am quite prone to motion sickness. We finally got away to do some caving. Jim took Jay and me to survey a small cave and then found another while we were getting dressed. The two of us ended up surveying this new cave. named Winter Wren Cave. We got a total of 75 feet of survey and then tried to find a way into T-Slot Cave, which needed a 50-foot rope though one coutd climb partway down. After dinner Jim, Rues (another Forest Service employee) and I took a boat to look st the resurgence. It was quite pretty but the cave itself went only about 20 feet to s sump, though in one place there might have been about an inch of air space, Ffater in these caves is around 40 degrees Fahrenheit, so total immersion without a wet or dry suit is nothing to look forward to. It was a good day for seeing black bears: I saw a total of seven. Bald eaglea August 1992 Volume 12 Number 2 The Alaskan Caver


are commonly seen here, too. The next day Jim, Kevin, and. I surveyed e 200-foot-long cave, nost of which was a low wet crawlway. Be left one body-sized muddy lead for future generations. The following day Kevin and I went into El Capitan Cave to the bear hybernaculurn. Kevin went up a hairy exposed climb and rigged a rope for me. After a couple of short climbs there was a tight spot that 1: barely got through and then a ten-foot-long lake to cross. Kevin rigged a hand line and I slid across, using a carabiner on my seat harness. The stretch in the rope caused one leg to enter the water. After a short muddy crawl we made it to the bones. f was delighted, as there were bear bones of rwo kinds all, wes the place. There were two skulls and various bones of black bear and swerd f ragmentau bones of a much larger bear. I took a few photographs and made some measurements. Getting out was almost ati much fun as getting in. We continued to survey caves. Two people from the Bureau of Mines joined us for a couple of days. A local caver, Pete S~ith. became a competent susveyor. We generally used two-person survey terns as there was so much to do for our small party. There were other areas to go to: Dall Island and the alpine karst abwe El &pitan. We had a checkout procedure so our location was always known to smeone. While most of the caves were not highly decorated with spdeothems. there was one remarkable exception. Mark Fritzke. a California caver, and I surveyed Thrush Cave, It was only twelve feet long but was covered with mul ti-colored moomilk even on the floor. On the same day we sur veyed Thrush Resurgence Cave, which had more than 260 feet of passage and a very right lead at the end. Both of these cmes were intersected in places by an igneous intrusion whose dark color contrasted with the light-colored limestone. One thing we did not see in any of the caves was bats, though fresh skeletons with bits of skin attached were found in El Capitan Cave, suggesting that bats were there during a different season. I have tentativeiy icientified three of the skulls as belonging to rwo different species of E.'yotis. About halfway through my stay at the camp, Kevin sprais-ed one of his ankles and so ended up taking care of the kids for several days in a row, while his wife Caslene went caving. I teamed up with Kevin to do a couple of thingb, as f was getting tired from caving and strenuous hikes over rough terrain. Carcass Cave was next to the road and reported to hgve bones. It also has a 45-foot drop to get in. Kevin rigged a rope using his station wagon as a rFgging point. I started rappeling down and when almost to a ledge realized the rope was too short. I was able to wedge mygelf on the sloping ledge, using a tree trunk for support, while Kevin rerigged the rope to give me about ten more feet. The bones turned cut to be modern deer and wolf, so I: ascended our. During my entire stay, this was the only cave I saw with significant amounts of trash in it. The next day. with all four kids in tow, we located some karst features and the two older kids and I surveyed a 50-foot cave. OR another day Win and I decided to take a canoe to see some petroglyphs. We were careful to check the tides, ro take advantage of the change in tides for the return trip. We never did find the petroglyphs and, while the tides may hme changed. the wind-which was strong to begin with--got worse, and it was against us. At one point we tcwed the canoe along the shore with a piece of webbing. We finally got nearly back to camp and decided to tackle our second goal: to check out Cascade Cave. re ported to have deep water. I pulled on my wet suit, while Win had a fuzzy suit with a much abraded dry suit over it. After clambering over the usual number of fallen trees we reached the entrance, a nice large one. Mrer about three steps in, I was in cold water over my head. I swam ahead a ways and saw what appeared to be a sump. Win follcwed and confirmed my observation. We backed out and Win gave me the end of che survey tape and told me to go as far as Page 4 The Alaskan Caver Volme 12 Number 2 August 1992


i coda, which was where ny hard hat got stuck in a Farrow part of the passage--about 25 feet in and about ten feet short of the sump. After taking instrument readings and sketching what there was we made our way back to the canoe and wentuzlly to camp. All too soon my stay at El Capitan Camp was over and I made q way back to Kerchikan, where I had half a day for sightseeing. However, I had seen far better in the spendid old growth trees of the Tongass National Forest and the fine caves--unique in their own ways-than what Ketehikan has to offer. X also appreciated the easy-going leade~ ship style of the prcject and the interest of the rational Forest Service in the caves, especidly Jim Baichtal and Cat Woods. 96 new caves discovered a 50 caves mapped e 18,000' {feet) total surveyed m 2 largepitsfound: (deprh/dia) Yukon Pit 150' 65' a Bear's Plunge 142' 30' Sv of January Heeting ia Fairbath by Pike Mauser An informal meeting of Fairbanks cavers was held at my house on Friday. January 10. 1992. The meeting featured three slide shows, pizza, beer, wine* and lots of cave talk. We hope to have future meetings featuring more of the same plus some definite cave trip plans. I called everyone that was on the current Glacier Grotto membership roster but did not reach working or answering numbers in many cases. If you are a caver in the Fairbanks area and are interested in meeting some fellcw cavers (perhaps to even f om our wn grotto). please call or drop me a line (my address and phone are listed with the officers on page 2) Attending were Glacier Grotto members Jim Nicholl s and Doug Buchanan with guests Bob Page (who used to be active in cme mapping '%back east"), Jeff Shrger, Joan Walser, and Clayton Cranor. The meeting mes its existence to the generosity and thoughtfulness of fohn Jansen who sent the NSS Lechugujrla slide shw up for our use. This show was the main reason for calling a meeting, and it would have, by itself. made for an excellent time. Hawever, its quality and subject matter were rivaled (if not surpassed, at least for us Alaskans) by Doug's slides of madin caving. Modins are vertical shafts in glaciers; caves in glacial ice are called glacier caves. These glacier caves have pita, passages and formations which rivd those of many hard rock caves. Doug has scouted out places where surface water on glaciers plunges into the ice. Marking the holes he has then returned in winter after water flow has ceased but before the plastic flow on the glacier closes the hole. The holes are drifted over and must be dug out. Care is essential here because the drops can be well ever 100 feet be ore going horizontal and dropping again. No one has ever followed a moulin to the bottom, but you can also enter at the glacer tarminus. Here. particularly after a spell of very cold weather, the winter glacier caves can often find ice helectites, needles and crystals that are awe-inspiring. fragile and ephemeral. his later quality permits a certain lack of care that would be illegal in a hard rack cave.) bpping off the evening wsa a slide shm by Jim featuring winter caving in northern Utah and southern Idaho. The surface scenes looked like those of Doug's moulin caving except for the trees in the background. August 1992 Volume f 2 Number 2 The Alaskan Caver Page 5


El Capitan Cwe Prince of Kales Island Technical Preliminary Report 1/25 Addendum to Reports 46 and 423 by Kevin All-red October 8, 1990 New Discoveries The Forest Service conducted a biological survey in El Capitan Cave during May 7 through May 25. 1990, to investigate life organisms there. The details and results of the survey will not be covered in this report other than a few hydrological notations from that field work. 1. A graduated stick guage was placed in the resurgence stream of the system. Water fluctuazions reflected daily meltwater cycles with about three hour pressure wave delays. The volume averaged around 4-5 CFS (see graph of May data). 2. Some recently exposed and wellpreserved striations in limestone were found near the resurgence. Glacial travel was to the west. 3. With Forest Service permission, a quick biological survey and compass and tape survey were taken of the resurgence (called Lawer El Capitan Cave) Toward the terminal smp approximately 30 feet from the surface of the 1988 landslide area. 286.4 feet of passage was mapped. No side passages were entered. 4. The passage below Hatfield's Pit. where I had collected the first fungus gnats reported in the state, was found to be blocked with cobble fill, probably from the November 1988 flood. In addition, the access stoopay to the second drop of Hatf ield' s Pir was mostly filled with cobbles at the same time. 5. The sump in the Alaska Room was much larger than in 1989 and overflowing with excess water running across rhe MAY 1990 RESURGENCE ESTIMATED FLUCTUATION FI CUITAII CAVE, ~omm U~IQMK raresf ~.s.r.f. BT K. *LLRLD The Alaskan Cavet Volume 12 Number 2 August 1992


August 1992 Velme 12 Number 2 The Alaskan Caver Page 7


HlSERNACUtllM AREA ( TW" EL CAPITAN CAVE I ZFIINZE OF WALES ISLAND 1 P Ch BEAR LAKE rwrrra uUcU M MU THE HIBERNACULUMbe87 bORIS *LQv.rrrlW i'-Ey 1 -.6C. -,+I,' 011 W* nu warm draft, can 84e light% +krm,,-k **** T't3 StmCOS a TAPE SURVEY. MAY 79 L AUG.Sbf990 by CIsv~n Allmd and Jul~a Rtiber @) I990 hy cm ~tcd Page 8 The Alaskan Caver Volume 12 Number 2 August 1992


rom to sirck ic two places. 6. The warer from the hot Fudge Sundae was found to lead from a new unexplored area of the cave. Mapped were 21r1.9 feet, with more to be done. 7. A surf ace stream high on rhe mountain above El Capitan Cave was found to enter a deep sinkhole (Slate Cave). The eaves may be connected 8. 'Ihe Forest Service installed a vandalism deterrence sign and a register at the cave entrance. POWIE TV The 1990 Prince of Wales Island Expedition (POWIE IV) was held from July 15 through August 15. The resurgence was found to average about l/2 CFS until midway through the expedition. when heavy rains flooded the Ball Bearing Passage with backup from approximately 50-75 CFS (estimated by Jay Roebell). Only three mapping trips occurred before this high water: one in the Hot Fudge Sundae area and the other two in the Upper Rockwell Rives area, The Upper Rockwell was found to travel beneath the balcony to the Alaska Room. The new access passage into the Hot Fudge Sundae extension was found to contain not only soda straws, but white directional popcorn on leeward sides of protrusions. This is probably from the drier air blowing into the cave ellowing the popcorn to build up in this manner. An interesting side passage cont &ins a false floor having old stream casts on its underside. Further on, rather tight, difficult crawling leads to a deep pool (Bear Lake). At this pool an awkward trsverse leads to a stoopway containing very old-looking beer bones strewn across the rocky, silty floor. The mast complete skeleton is on tap of the fill, while bits and pieces of others which appear older are buried or partially buried. One single canine tooth is about four inches long. including its root. At this time the species are unknown. If the recent skeleton is a black bear, it is a very large one. During PWIE IV, an additional 345.6 feet were surveyed in this area. During August 1992 Volume 12 Number 2 the survey, the passage continued to a rubble-filled slope which I dug out, following the strong incoming breeze. In removing the large rocks, I found other bone fragments. me crawlway led to a small room. Further progress was halted by boulders and more rock fill. but outside light could be seen through a crack and the incoming air was warn. During the winter, the air current would be reversed. attracting hibernating animals to the relatively warm site. It is not yet known if the fill in this old entrance is glacial in origin. Total sumeyed passage now far El Capitan bve is 10010.3 feet. Recommendations for the Hibernaculum It is recommended that this area of the cave be left as is until a qualified specialist can investigate and study the bones properly. It thus should psesently be off limits to even experienced cavers in order to preserve this important and easily-disturbed site. Safety Considerations Until this season. we did not know that El Capitan Cave flooded drastically enough to sump in its upper parts to prevent access to further regions. Fostunately. no one was trapped in the cave: but Forest Service radon detector kits placed there and some rigged ropes were sealed off by the sump at Ball Bearing Passage, More steps should be taken to place an accurate. permanent monitoring system af some kind in the regurgence stream. Dangerous flooding could then be predicted and entrapment prevented, The stream was roughly monitored during this expedition by Bob Bastasz and I, but we do need more systematic accuracy. As found with the monitoring done in May, the pressure wave delay ~eemed to be about three hours. Although f had thought these would be no more snow melt fluctuations in July. close observation reveals slight daily fluctuations (see graph of July/August data, page 7) a The Alaskan Caver


PLAN LOWER EL CAPITAN CAVE PRINCE OF WALES ISWD ALASKA L 1 page 10 The Alaskan Caver Volume 12 Number 2 August 1992


Kl Capitan Cave Prince of Wales Island Preliminary Report # 75 Addendum to Reports #6, #23. 125 by Kevin Allred November 25. 1991 1992 Accompl ishment s As last yeas. we were unable to spend much time in El Capitan Cave due to flooding from rain. Rouever. the cave was extended in depth 43.4 feet in a chimney nw known as "The Percolator". It continues upards. In "El Csmino Real", an overlying passage and a short side tube were surveyed and several leads checked out. Total passage surveyed in El Capitan Cave is now 10252.9 feet with a depth of approximately 299.4 feet. A computer will be useful for further cartography. On August 12, 1991, voice contact was finally made through rubble of the hibernacul-urn to the outside, after sev era1 prior ateemprs. This went was speeded up by e calculator program suy plied by Mark Fritzke, pinpointing the outside location within about 20 feet. The rubble will cleared to allow paleontologists to excavate further in the hibernaculum. This year the bones in the hibernacul um were tentatively identified by paleontologists Fred Grady end Dr. Timothy Heaton. They are from black bear (Uraua mnsricunus) and either a very large grizzly or the extinct giant short-faced bear (Arctodus aim). More bone parts are needed to positively identify the latter. Dr. Heaton collected samples of both types to date and measure them. Radiocarbon date results frm the University of Arizona are as follows : bone from complete black bear 10,745 f 75 years BP bone fragment of large bear 9.760 k 75 years BP Curiously, the complete and well-preserved skeleton is nearly 1000 years older than the larger bear" bone ftagVolume 12 Number 2 ment s. Fore black bear bones of unknown age are scattered along the passage. At least some of the more decomposed bones were possibly exposed from glacial and/ or post glacial sediments for longer. It appears that the extensive deposits of fish bone stomach contents covering floors of the hibernaculm are much older than previously thought: perh~ps as old as the bear bones. It would be interesting to identify these fish to see if they are nw native to the mea. A weasel skull was also found in the same area. Both paleontologists are planning to return for further excavations. Also, in August Jim B~ichtal and Steve Lewis collected wood samples from two logs in the Alaska Roam. These were carbon dated and the result& are as f ollaws: the biggest log in the ram 4120 years old + 60 years a partially buried log further east 6500 years old k 60 years u Sketch from POWIE TV field notes. The Alaskan Caver W8@ 11


Formations i photographs pitan Cave in Metzler August 1992 Volume 12 Number The Alaskan Caver page 13


Challenge Cost Share Agreement between the Tongass Cave Project, NSS and the Tongass National Forest, Ketchikan Area, WSDA Fore~t Service THIS CHALLENGE COSTSHARE AGREEMENT nade and entered into by and between the Tongass Cave Project of the National Speleological Society, hereinafter referred to as the TCP, and the Tongaes National Forest. U.5. Department of Agriculture. Forest Service, hereinafter referred to as the Forest Service, under the provisions of the Interior and Related Agencies Act. P.L.lO1-121. WHWAS, the Forest Service manages Nstional Forest lands which include abundant cave and karst resources and. WHEREAS, the Forest Senice has the responsibility to manage and protect the cave and karst resources on National Forest lands in accordance with the Federal Cave Resources Protection Act of 1988 and, WHEREAS, the TCP is interested in promoting and assisting the Forest Service in gathering cave and karst resource information and. WHEREAS, it is mutually beneficial for both the TCP and the Forest Service to work cooperatively to locate. identify. inventory, sulvey. and map these resources. NC1W THEREFORE, in consideration of the above premises, the parties hereto agree as follms: A. THE TPC SHALL: 1. Conduct expeditions to search for caves.' cave resources and karst formations and develop detailed caupass and tape susveys of individual caves. To the extent possible, assesment will be made of the biological, geological, mineralogical. cultural, paleontclogical, and recreational resource page 14 The Alaskan Caver values of the caves. These evaluations will be tied to the Cave Panagement Strategy developed for the Ketchikan Area. 2. Hake available all field data generated by the TCP to the Forest Service. Copies of dl photographs and/or videos shall be pswided to the Forest Sesvice. 3. Assume recponsibility for safety inspection of climbing ropes and equipment loaned to the project by the Forest Service, B, THE FOREST SERVICE SWL t I. Provide to the TCF supplies, materials, and equipment to the extent that funding is available and as identified in the annual plan of operations. Support will, include: housing, subsistence food, local transportation (to and from the work sire), shower facilities. laundry f acil ities. office space* climbing ropes. drafting materials, paper, mylar, and topographic, geologic, and other forest maps. 2. Provide photographic film and processing for duplication of photographs. 3. Provide leederehip for planning of the cave expeditions. C. IT IS MUTUALLY AGREED AND UNDERSTOOD BY AND BETWEEN THE SAID PARTIES THAT: 1. This agreement will become effective as of the latest date of eignature by representatives of each party. This agreement may be changed at any time by mutual agreement of the parties, such amendments shall be incorporated Volume 12 Number 2 August 1992


Lr! writing as appendices to this agreement. This agreement may be terminated 30 days after the written request of either party. 2. The TCP shall conply with all Federal Statutes relating to nondiscrimination. These include but are not limited to: (a) Title VL of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 [P.S. 88-352). which prohibits discrimination on the basis of race. color, handicap. or national origin; (b) Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972. as amended 120 U.S.C. 1681-1683. and 168516863 which prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex. 3. This agreement in no way re stricts the Forest Service from participating with other public or private agencies. org~nizations, and individuals or from accepting contributions and/or gifts for the imprwement, development, administration, operation, and preservation of this cave resource project. 4. No part of this agreement ahall entitle the TCP to any share or interest in the project. caves or cave resources other than the right to use and enjoy the same under the existing regulationg of the Forest Setvice. 5. No Member of, or Delegate to Congress shdl be admitted to any share or part of this agreement, or any benefits that may arise therefrom; but this prwision shall not be construed to extend to this agreement if made with a corporation for its general benefit. 6. The products of all work generated in conjunction with thie agreement shall become the property of the Eosest Sesvice. Copies of photographs taken with private film, by expedition members, shall be made available to the Forest Service: coat of duplication will be at Forest Service expense. If Forest Service film is used for ~hotography, the f Urn wi14 remain the property of the Eosest Service ; duplicates will be nade available to respective photographers. 7. Far the purp06e of this agree ment, the Forest Service considers "Tongass Cave Project Membersl'tto mean any person who is participating in the project. Participation in this agreement is not limited to official members of the National Speleological Society and/or associated grottos, but such partners shall be under the superviaion and control of the TCP. 8. TCP and Forest Service representatives shall meet annually in the spring to discuss the agree ment s ef f ectiveneas. administration problems, future and upcoming work projects, budgetary needs. and equipment and training needs. The Forest Service shall have the respon~ibility for conducting this annual meeting. Additional meetings may be requested by either party. 9. Designate in writing the liaisons. and their alternates. 10. TCF members are responsible for loss or damage to their per sonax equipment, as well as any Forest Service owned equipment assigned for use while in work Btatus. Normal wear to Forest Service equipment is anticipated and will not be considered clanage. IN WITNESS WHEREOF. the pastieg hereto have executed this agreement as of the last date written below. [Signed "For the Tongass Cave Project" on February 14 (1992) by Kevin Allred, and "For the Tongass National Forest, Ketchikan Area. USDA Forest Servicev on February 27 by David Bit tenhouse] D August 1992 Volme 12 Number 2 The Alaskan Caver page 15


Glacier Grotto Directory of -rship (End of 1991) ?!an e IUffiwI Address Cltv AILred, Carlene & PO Box 376 Hsi nes at rmd, ELLB PO Box 2n6 Hai ms AL1rgdt Fit nt PO BOX 376 FEli E8 A1 1 red, Far est PO Bnx 376 Hain96 Allred, Kmin [Y P SEa st ] PO Box 378 flat ms ALL redr Soren PO Box 376 Ha% ms Andarson, Brad S 2nd he Ket chi kn Bawn, W4LL im W III R3 Box 7903% An&orage Balchtal, Bas~ie H 131 Lakwi a DF SALvsr Lake Baithtal, J B 131 Lakavfar Dr Silver hake Batchtal, Jms F 482 Forest Rr k Or Kat chl bn Bakrr Rob1 n kine Dmp 3100 Chanml Dr 12 Jmmau Basb~sz, Dr Robert 3 W Bor 2417 Livermore Bennett, John S [Jefr) HC 79 Box 4699 Dlugt nk Bennettl btle HC 79 Box 4439 Olugis k Binni an, hily F 1101 Cnrdova St 1314 Anah or sgs Bf &opt hard I) Po BOX 978 We~d Cwe Bishop, Ellan A] Box 97978 Ward Cove Black, Curt 6%5B 138 th ke NE P702 Rmlond Bmere, WmHarvay [frass]305SSJartlettCir Wasd t La Burger, Rsymnnd A W Box 672349 13rugl alt Campbell, [hris Rebich 6M Pi ttl ngsr St Ketch1 kn Canpbal 1, bug BOl Pi tti ngsr St Ket chi kn Prnpbs-1 1, Dr Will imn G 110t Co~c&vr St 1314 Anchorage tbnnLa, Eitasn W &ax 14m Wsrd Cwa & rl mn, Ly mtts POI Box 19214 Thorns Buy Chimi et askit Rsia H 995 Slskiyau BLrd Aehland Q~ristensan, B& 2W2 1/2 ti Shorm Rd Bell inghan Clerk, hen& Rawae Hall, Cott~ CoLLege Nmada CLmrkr brl E [Hemberstr* p] W Box 2725 Pal mar Clark, Carl R W Box 2725 Palmer Clark, Rry Roee PD Box 2726 Palm amrb Rerlck w W Box 2725 PaLm wr hoper, Dsniel J 111334 mLsr1LLe St Eagle River CmILLn* Glen C PO Box 1259 nerd Cwe OsLapp, John PD Box 100E38 Anchorage Oonaldeoh Dr Brian PO ;Box 230446 An&ehoraga Ootgln, Robert 6M6 Dotgln Ln Uthl )sn Dunaay, SanusL H 344DW882hStCP. Annhorag hnaw ay, Sharon 3440 Y 88 th St #8 Andorap Eaah, Art 420 J me8 Dr Andlorna Eddy, mve PO BOX 3555 ft Heod Ekatrand. Hddi W Box 6324 ht&t kn Fsrgrunn, Jtm [Con-rv stl on] 'PD Box 20908 Jmsnu Fo sae, Earl 3M Badan St Ibt chi ken Foster, hug RA 1 Box 2359 Lad ma Freman, Oledas 436 Front St bt ehl kn Frittks, %rk Pa Box 4838 ArmGentrr, JPhn H 1445 35th Stt LOB Alanoa G d anwt ao B, Rornmond 38-25 52nd St 8mny 64 ck Gi rard, Tan W Box 76s Saard State 2 ip GG NSS Hma Work AK 99827 92 16389 [msg (907)766-2020 KHNS] AK 99827 52 AK 99827 92 AK 99827 52 AK 89a27 92 lfi730 [msg [ 907]766-2D2[1 KHNS] AK 90827 92 AK 99901 92 [ 9071 2255947 AK 9951+03a3 EQ (9071248-ml WA 986.45 92 [ 2063 274-6971 WA 9866 91 [206EZtH571 AK 99901 92 33277 [ 907 3247-0778 [ 907) 225-31 0' AK 99807 57 1 907 ] 483-3 CA 94550 99i38S [4151443-8624 [015329&201: AK 99567 W 3L3847-[907]6886~ [907]257-2611 AK 99567 91 [ 907)68~0m1 AK 89501 M alms ~m71~~1044 (go717m-m: AK 89828 92 [ 90712 W-mO8 W, 99B28 92 ( fa7 1 29-rn 0s WA m52 gF'r3537-[ 20s) am-2236 12063 BBQ4OOl AM 99654 92 12088 (9371378-2294 [907]373-224 AK 89567 92 30656 (907)888-3836 M 99901 W [Sa;r)2255359 AK 99901 91 [ 807) 225-535 9 AK 99502 w 37[k39 [937)ZB-'lD44 (8071 276-7374 AK Sgg28 M [msg [B07)2255900 Ward] AK BBlg 32 [907]&2P330, OR 87520 91 [ 5031482-5394 HA 98225 a [206)677-0873 W 8972 92 310[33bK 99645 82 I?=+ AK ggS& 92 37004AK QSBPS 92 16043IWn1745-4er: AK 99845 92 330D2AK 99577 52 I so7 1 69654G7 [ 907 ) 345-7751 AK g9M8 91 34635 [B071247-W87 AK 896'10 82 [ W7127t-2561 AK 895!U ST [ 90?]34+5554 [ 907) 522104 AK 93901 91 (~7]225-2m7 AK 99502-7402 52 0837 [ 907]24&6037 ( 9071782-217 rUr 89502-7402 W 32073 [ 9071 24SM4037 AK 88504 92 33345 [gI17]33+420B (SE']!31-5121 TX 785660855 S? 11030 AK 999M 81 [ ~07~ 225-24 AK ~0~x12 52 7923 [907)&3-2880 (3071 465-538! AK BBgM 81 [807]225+480 KY 4j23Pmll 3l 33827 AK 999M 92 w 95521 sa*rsrra4 [7m) =a4725 ( 7m1 a2-552 NH 07544+!ll7 B7.22670 [505)6826858 NY riio~~cm m (rm] 335-3403 [ 7701 4.57-7a AK gSS64 s2 37134 (gn71224-98g~ [s07]224-36gr page 16 The Alaskan Caver Volume 12 Number 2 August 1992

Contents: Northwest to
Alaska --
Highlights of POWIE V (1991) --
Summary of January Meeting in Fairbanks --
Technical Preliminary Report #25: El Capitan Cave (1990)
Preliminary Report #75: El Capitan Cave (1991) --
POWIE VI Challenge Cost Share Agreement --
Glacier Grotto Directory of Membership (End of 1991) --
Glacier Grotto List of New Members --
Shaman Caves --
Glacier Grotto Financial Report (1990) --
Glacier Grotto Financial Report (1991) --
Tongass Cave Project Survey Standards.