Alaskan Caver

Citation
Alaskan Caver

Material Information

Title:
Alaskan Caver
Series Title:
Alaskan Caver
Alternate Title:
Alaska Caver
Creator:
Pease, Chuck
Publisher:
National Speleological Society (Alaskan Cave Areas Conservation Task Force)
National Speleological Society (Glacier Grotto)
University of Alaska Southeast (School of Arts and Sciences)
Publication Date:
Language:
English

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Regional Speleology ( local )
Genre:
Newsletter
serial ( sobekcm )
Location:
United States

Notes

General Note:
Contents: Caver Questions His Decisions -- President('s) Corner -- Membership List -- Gearing Up For Caving in Alaska -- Newsbriefs -- Alaskan Caving Offers Challenges -- You Are Invited to Join -- Fossil Grizzly Bears from Prince of Wales -- El Capitan Cave #131 -- Bridal Veil Cave #126 -- King Kong Cave #129 -- Broken Bus Cave #127 -- Bumper Cave #128 -- Jeannie's Spiral Staircase Cave #130 -- Montieth's Maze Cave #140.
Restriction:
Open Access - Permission by Author(s)
Original Version:
Vol. 14, no. 2 (1994)
General Note:
See Extended description for more information.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
K26-00234 ( USFLDC DOI )
k26.234 ( USFLDC Handle )
4394 ( karstportal - original NodeID )

USFLDC Membership

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Added automatically
Karst Information Portal

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serial

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The Alaskan Caver

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I The Alaskan Caver published by the Glacier Grottoo Wdent: Marcel LaPerriere P.0. Box 9062 Kctchikan, AK 99901 hm: 225-4094 wk: 225-48 14 Vice Presidents: I 1921 Congress Circle, Apt. B, Anchorage AK 99507 Dalene T. Perigo Editor 0 Copywrite 1994 Volume 14 Number 2 April 1994 Table of Contents l.....Caver Questions His Decision l.....President Comer 2.....Membership List 4,...Gearing Up For Caving in Alaska 5. .... Newsbriefs Northern: Michael Mauser 1466 Carr Avenue Fairbanks, AK 99709 hm: 456-6953 wk: 452-1 4 14 Southcentral: Wn. Harvey Bowers 305 S. Battlett Circle 1 Wasilla, AK 99654 hm: 376-2294 wk: 376-2294 southeast: ~ary Sonnentierg I377 Pond Reef Road Ketchikan, AK 9990 1 h 247-1559 wk: 247-1559 Secretary: JuIius Rockwell, Jr. 2944 Emory Street Anchorage, AK 99508-4466 hrn: 277-7150 wk: 277-7150 C;.....Alaskan Caving Offers Challenges 7.....You Are Invited to Join S...,.FossiI Grimly Bears from Wnce of Wdes 10 ... E1 Capitan Cave 8131 12...B1-idal Veil Cave #I26 14 ... King Kong Cave #I29 f 6...Bmken Bus Cave #I27 1 &..Bumper Cave #I28 17..Jeanniets Spiral Staircase Cave #I30 17...Montieth's Maze Cave #I40 Cover Photo: The formations of El Capitan Cave draw [visitors from Materials not copyrighted by individuals or by other groups may be used by NSS publications provided credit is given to the author and The Alaskan Caver. Scnd conhibutions to The Alaskan Cavw, Editor, 1921 Cong~ss Cir., Apt. B, Anchorage, AK 99507. Opinions are not necessarily those of The AIaskan Caver, the Glacicr Grotto or thc NSS. Proven errors will be corrected in print. Annual dues are S 15 for a single and $20 for a family membership. Alaskan Caver is included in the membership fee. For an additional SX, six Cavers will be sent by airmail to oversear addresses. In.~titutional subccsipt~ons are $20 per volume. Send dues to Glacier Grotto Treasurer. Anchorage Meetings: Call Harvey Bowers for details. (907)376-2294, Kcrchikan Meetings: 7 p.m. the fust Monday of the month at the Alaqka Public Hcalth Service Building, 3054 Fifth Ave., Ketchikan. Fairbanks Meetings: Call Mike Mauser for details. (907)456-6953 Ttestsarer: Rachael H. Mays 18 1 3 Bannister Road Anchorage, AK 99508 hm: 276-0138 wk: 564-5220 I Conservation: This position is apcn. If interested, call Marcel LaPcrriere Cave Rescue: Steve Lewis: Box 83715 Fairbanks, AK 99708 hm: 479-7257 wk: 479-7257 NCA Representative: Dave flinger P.0. Box 537 Leavenworth, WA 98826 hm:509/548-5480 wk:509/548-5480 Progrslm Chairman: John Jansen 78 14 Raymar Circle Anchorage, AK 995 1 8 hm: 344-4402 wk: 3444402 The Alaskan Cam Dalene T. Pen-iga 1921 Congress Circle, Apt. I3 Anchorage, AK 99507 hm: ,344-3290 wk: 522-10% Acting Tongass Cave Project Director: Pete Smith PO Box WWP Ketchikan, AK 99956-0280 hm: 846-5223 wk: 846-5223 Alaska pmflx Is 907

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April 1994 of the ,-> .I)rr!.rd IA~I'C). J~,/IO did hisfirst ~erioli~ cuving at PO WIE VII, leaves Marblous Cave. Photo credit: Pete Smith May 28-30, 194 Northwest Caving Association's annual meeting,, Marble Mountain SnoPark, WA (206)693-3600. June 10-12,1994 NSS Cave Diving Section Spring Workshop, Branford, EL. Van Flowers, (8 1 3)683-1073 June 11-18,1994 Rigging for Rescue. hrk or Katie, Tnvermere, RC, Canada (604) 342-6042 June 20-24,1994 1994 NSS Convention, Brackettville, TX.( 5 121441 -0050. Jdy 1-31,1994 POWE VTll, mince of Wales Island, AK (907)846-5223 Nov. 4-11,1994 7th International Symposium of VulcanospeleoFogy, LaPalma, Canary Islands, Spain FAX (34-22) 430392 7 Caver questions his decision by David Love As I worked with the other caver's at POWE VII, I began asking myself some q uestions. The fmt was elernenW" "What was I doing here?" BareIy a month ago I had been tied into an oversize seat harness and lent a set of ascenders. A backyard 20-foot cliff was my first descent. Now, I was dropping into black emptiness with nothing between me and gravity but an UEIrested seat harness and newIy tied set of jurnars. My mental focus was laser-like. Fortunately, 1: didn't notice the sweat pouring down my face nor my accelerated heartbeat until I stood shaking slightly at the edge of the second drop. Whew, what an adrenaline msh "Welcome to Pendulum Pit," said Kevin Allred with a big grin. I had volunteered for POW Wl for the adventure, but also for other reasons. There was a clause in the Forest Service agreement that said the organization would protect sigmficant caves and drainage systems that volunteers of POWIE VII identified and surveyed. This meant protecting old growth leaving behind something more than a fractured ecosystem for our children. This behavior was not new. Being somewhat of a conservationist and sometimes rabid preservationist, I had submitted myself to harsh chemicals and harsh environments throughout my life as a biologist. But dropping 70 feet into darkness on a 12 mrn rope was I nuts? In June, I trained with Mike Van Note and Kevin Allred in Haines, and I had read 'Wn Rope" and climbed blindfolded on ropes in the Sitka spruce near my Morn's house on Spruce Island. But now, I was stuck! My Simon's chest hamess was pinned by my own weight Conhued on page 2 PRESIDENT'S CORNER by Marcel LaPeniere As we enter the season when most of us do our caving and other outside activities, possibly it's time to stop and reflect on the thought that we are the guardians of the Future. It is our actions that will help protect and preContinued nn page 3 Vol 14 No 2 April 1994 The Alaskan Caver 1

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Continued from oaee 1 against the marble atthe edge of the hp I was ascending in Blue Marble Cave. "Push off with your Iegs, you Nimrod,"' I laughed to myself. The only problem was I couldn't reach the: wall with my feet due to the overhang, I began to sweat. 'What next?" I wondered. About that he, my headlamp went out. Fortunately, the previous night, I had driIIed my beloved helmet (a favorite piece of my gear) with holes to hoId my new mini mag. Ah! Light again, and adrenaline! 1 still don? know how I got over that overhang. trained by experienced fellows. During POWIE VII J worked with howledgeabEe cavers who always double-checked their hots and tie-off points and knew what they were doing. I never once felt unsafe. I was uncertain as to what I was getting into prior to arriving on Prince OF Wales Island. but the training put my mind into sharp fucus on the activjties ahead. Yet, I was still confronting myself during the last week sf the expedition. While on my second trip to the subalpine tent camp on Cdder Mountain, and some fantastic caving in marble with Kevin, I began to have nightout sf my nostrils. The dreams continued to wake me nightly. even after our return to the base camp on El Capitan Passage. The previous day I had slithered on my right side through a squeeze in a cave named Celestine's Skylight, that was so tight it took my seat harness off in the mess. Needless to say, after the previous week of recursing dreams, I was unsure about returning the way 1 came. But I did. Ironically, I had to reagain the next day with a longer rope which was needed to drop past "Seat Hasness Squeeze". The nighmares stopped. w mares about getting stuck in a "What was I doing here? Was I I was lucky. I had researched astight ~3assage.It rained more the nuts?" .? tending and descending techsecond uip and 1 could not get niquesv practiced and been tbe distinctive smell of cave mud Maybe so, I grimed to myself, but it's worth it! Additions to MEMBERSHIP LIST (more next edition) Name Address Pd NSS # Home Phone Work Phone Rtynolds.Tony L. 19630 N Mitkof LP, Eagle River AK 99577 94 (9Q7)6962 205 (907127 1-3233 Reynolds. Cayman 19630 N Mitkof LP, Eagle River AK 99577 94 (907)69h1205 Reynolds, Rhonda L. 19630 N Mitkof LP. Eagle River AK 99577 94 (90716961205 Riber, Julia PO Box 19107, Thome Bay AK 99919 94 341 55RE (907)828-3433 (907)828-3302 Rubeck, Rusty L. 750 Sarah's Way #59, Wasilia AK 99654 94 2 1537 (907)376-9083 (907)753-2712 Srone, Daniel E. PO Box 111414.AnchoragcAK99511-1414 94 (907)345-5783 Tillotson, Frank PO Box 6142, Ketchikan AK 99901 94 (907)225-2324 Van Etten, Doug 3052 North Circle, Anchorage AK 99507 94 (907)344-908 1 (907)762-9 1 55 Ward. Denise E. 6937 E Emigabon Cyn. Salt Lalce City IJT 84108-1757 94 208 15RE (801)58 1-7534 Ward. Bryce 6987 E Emigration Cyn, Salt Lake City UT 841B-175794 36568FA (801)58 1-7534 Weiss, Edward W. 25 1 P 5 Homestead Rd, Chugid AK 99567 94 3RR95SN (907)688-6029 (907)267-2284 Addtvss or Telephone Number Changes **mAllred. Carlene B. PO Box 376. Haines AK 99827 Allred. Ella PO Box 376. Haines AK 99827 Allred, Flint PO Box 376, Haines AK 99827 Allrcd, Forest PO Box 376. Haines AK 99827 Allred, Kevin PO Box 376. Haines AK 99827 Allred, Soren PO Box 376. Haines AK 99827 Bowers, Wm. Harvey 305 S Bartlen Cfr, Wasilla AK 9%54 Branson, Peter PO Box 2073. Wrangell AK 99929 Fritzke, Mark 565 Upper Creek Rd, Bayside CA 95524 Halliday. Dr. Wm. R. 6530 Cornwall Ct. Nashville TN 37205 Kowalczyk. Mary PO Box 9367, Ketchikan AK 99901 94 16389E 94 94 94 94 16730FE 94 94 12088RE (907)376-2294 (907)376-2294 94 365 14RE Message = (907)874-3291 94N 16064RE (707)822-8566 (707)822-8566 94N 8 12LKCF (63 53352-9204 (703)430-4826 94 37166RE: (9071225-0131 (903)247-8574 2 The Alaskan Caver April 1994 Vol 14x02

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Continued from, page t As we find more caves in, Alaska, I fee1 we are duty bound to protect them. E see one of the missions of this Grotto being the leaders that spearhead the protection of our Alaskan caves, for our children and generations beyond, This includes working with the Federal Government to insure that the Federal Cave Resources Protection Act is followed and encouraging the State to protect all our natural resources, most especially any caves that might fall on State lands. I would like to see State legislation to protect our caves similar to the Federal Government's. Don't get me wrong, I'm not antidevelopment, I just think we need to act responsibly when we cia develop our resources. The $500 award for informution Seading 50 the arrest of By now you have noticed that I have used thos~ defacing the cave has not prevented vandalism in El the word OUR several times. This is because Capitan Cave. Bruce Campbell. August 1 9 90. Photo public lands, be they State or Federal Govcredit: Dalene Perrigo ernment, belong to all of us and it is our responsibility, all of us, to make sure they are managed wiseIy. serve caves and forests as well as the wiIderDuring the Execu live Board conference call, ness experience for future generations. we talked about the role the Grotto should The last weekend in March, six Glacier Grotto members traveled to El Capitan Cave to help the US Forest Service start a photo documentation of the cave. Even though most of us that were part of this trip had spent many hours in El Cap Cave and we had seen the mass vandalism, we were still shocked at all the destruction that has taken place. When we slowed down to a snail's pace and started taking photographs, we found it extremely dif5cult to hd play in cave conservation and preservation. We all agreed that the Grotto needs to be more active in cave conservation, Several good ideas were discussed, but we could still use more. If you have any ideas an what the Grotto" sole in conservation should be, we would Iike to hear from you. Contact your lwal vice president or contact me by phone (225-4094) or letter (PO Box 9062, Ke tchi kan A K 9990 1 -4U62). any place in the cave that had been vanOn another note, it is not tw late to contact daIized. Pete Smith about participating in this year's Prince of Wales Island Expedition (POWIE). It" 101s of fun and the work that is done is "* we were shocked by the valuable to all concerned. mere is something destruction that hns taken place. very satisfying about looking at a cave map hat you helped create. A couple of us almost felt like crying when Let's all get out and enjoy he wonderful state we realized how much more fanustic El Cap we live in! WAVE A GREAT SPRING AND was at one time. It is a shame that so very few SUMMER! people ever got to see the cave in it" splendor, Vol 14 No 2 April 1994 The Alaskan Caver 3

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Gearing Up For Caving in the Tongass by Steve kwis ven though f uly is one of the warmer months in Alaska, the underground temperatures remain in the range fmm 32 to 40 degrees Fahrenheit. Many of the caves are muddy and some have streams of water. Above ground, the elements can change within minutes. Cavers can expect rainy, windy, cold (sometimes bone-chilling if the breeze comes off the glaciers) and very warm weather. Combinations are not unusual. Gear for outside is designed to keep the caver warm and dry. Since travel through the forest is a requisite to caving in the Tongass, cavers need good off-trail wiIderness-gear for the coastal rainforest. 1. This means heavy duty saingear (most Alaskan cavers use the heavy PVC coated coats and bibs such as Helly Hansen, worn by fisherman). 2. High quality knee high rubber boats with good treads are also a must. The "extratuhlffs" available in outdoor and fishing supply outlets in Southeast Alaska are preferred. These boots are excellent for use both inside and outside the caves and extra felt liners allow far switching when one set gets wet. Heavy hkng or climbing boots are acceptable but they suffer greatly with the wetness, especially when combined with the sharp karstifid limestone. 3. Many people like to wear rubber gloves to avoid the insidious spines of devil's club. The gloves are useful in the caves too, especially when sketching in a muddy passage, but they need to be loose so they come on and off easily. 4. A rain hat might be useful. E prefer to use a baseball cap to keep the rain out of my eyes. That would be even morc important for cavers who wear glaqses. 5. Cotton clothing is nice in mp and on the occasional warm dry approach, but polypro or other wicking underclothing is a virtual necessity on wet, cold days and in the caves. A layer of polypro and nothing else under lthe raingear can work very well during strenuous approaches, Wool is also satisfactory, but it is hard to dry, heavy, and (especially important in tight caves) bulky. 6. To get a11 this gear to the entrance, cavers will need a heavy-duty daypack andlor a good quality internal frame pack.. lothing necessary in the cave can vary, depending on the type of cave, presence of water, and goal of the trip. For planning purposes, I'll assume that I'm preparing for a survey trip which usually requires slow mveI and frequent stops and thus, the most clothing. Although easy caves will not require all the clothing and equipment T describe, cavers who want to contribute to a11 aspects of the expedition will probably use all of it at some point. Cavers experienced in the Tongass can help first-timers determine what might be unnecessary for this expedition-For instance, chances are the caves new t~ the Tongass won't need a drysuit or wetsuit, but with one, the caver's options expand considerably. 1. A complete set of wicking underwear with another layer of pile or expedition weight polypro is a must. 2. Z like to have a set of pile bibs with a ratty old pile jacket on top. 3. A balaclava or pile cap is essential, especially during stops.Idtally it fits smoothly under the caver's helmet. 4. Several sets of heavy wool socks to stuff into your exma mffs are also necessary. 5. A set of caving coveralls (waterproof nylon coveralls) is pulled over all this. While cotton or polyester covdls are OK, they get wet and heavy and are impossible to dry out by the next day. They also shred, sometimes in less than a week if you get into tight passages. 6. A sewing kit and patching material are useful items to have even it you have heavy nylon coveralls. 7. For any caving, a good quality helmet and three good light sources are required. 8. It's a gd idea to put a space blanket, n few garbage bags, and a minimal fitst aid kit into a waterproof bag and store in the top of your helmet. 9. Cavers need to bring slings, harnesses, a caving pack and other standard caving 4 The Alaskan Cgwr April 1994 Vo1 14 No 2

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gear as well as a set of high quality vertical gear and knowledge of how to use it. 10. For those who want to work in the alpine area or on the outer islands, a good tent. synthetic sleeping bag, sleeping pad, and redundancy of underwear and socks are necessary. Drying out can be difficult and a shower may be from a week to a month away, Cavers who participate in a Tongass Cave Project (TCP) expedition, will receive AAA and D cell batteries, coarse carbide and caving rope from the Forest Service or TGP. A number of us have addd lightweight '"river running" dry suits to our caving gear. Worn under coveralls in wet caves, the dry suits allow cavers to swim passages and work in waterfalls or wet crawls without getting our body core wet. They are a bit cumbersome and thus go along only when such conditions are known or expected to exist. These suits are also great for early season whitewater boating and winter sea kayaking (special prices are available for cavers if you give Steve Lewis enough lead time for arrangements). Other cavers have used wet suits for damp passage. 1 don't recornmend them for swimming, but they can reduce bulkiness a Iot in tight passages. Above all, bring a fit body, an active mind, a flexible personality, and as much experience as possible with you to the Tongass caves. For more information an TCP expeditions, contact Pete Smith, Box WWP, Ketchikan, AK 99950 (907) 846-5223 Vol 14 No 2 April 1 994 .Nearly $34,1100 has been all~cated for an educational project about the caves of Prince of Wales Island according to an article published on March 9, 1994, in the Ketehikan Daily News. Two professors at the University of Alaska Ketchikan campus wilI be working with Forest Service professionals and a multi-media producer to create a 25-40 minute slide show/soundtrack with money from the University of Alaska Natuml Resources Fund. Hopefully, the project will encourage a sense of stewardship within the people of Southeast. The show should be ready for showing this fall, the article reports. Several photo credits were missing from the February 1994 edition of The Alaskan Caver. Page 1 has a picture of Kevin Allred taken by Steve Lewis. The picw of Marcel LaPerriere on page 3 comes frorn the archives of Allan Murray and Page 6 has a photo of the karst in Southeast Alaska taken by Kevin Allred. Thank you for sharing them with the readers. NSS NEWS(March 94, p.106) announced the discovery and exploration of an unnamed pit on HualaIai Volcano, Hawaii, which sets the new record as the deepest pit in the United States. Kevin Allred tells about his 810-foot drop in next month's The Alaskan Caver. Northwest Regional Caving Association member clubs and interested individuals can help locate and inventory caves in the Mt.Adarns Ranger District during the Northwest Cave Research Institute project July 30-August 14, I994 at Trout Lake, Wash. Project fees range from $651week to $2aO/entire project for individuals to $350/entire project for a family of four. The project fees pay for project expenses and all food. For information write NCRI, 94 17 Eighth Ave. NE, Seattle, WA 98 1 15 or phone 206569-2724 after 7 p.m. Cleve-0-Grotto News (Vol. 40, No.1) lists liability laws under consideration by legislatures across the USA. According to the publication, "Alaska is looking at two measures: HB 4 1 specifically targets skiing; the other, FIB 300, specifies everything frorn caving to glacier walking, to white water rafting, plus more prosaic stuff like picnicing and bird watching. HI3 41 covers civil liability for commercial recreational activities. There is a SB 44 also under consideration. It is similar to HB 41." OOOOOQOOOOOOOO Quote: "The era of "freecavingVis rapidly closing. This may be the last decade in which we can appreciably influence the fate of caves and caving in North America,.. .... "A. Krause, NSS Conservation Chairman The Alaskan Caver 5

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Alaskan Caving Offers Challenges by Steve Lewis What makes caving special in the sou theastern Alaskan envisonment? It certainly isn't just one aspect of the experience: rather, it is a unique combination of temperate zone rainforest; alpine karst; isolation; b~illiant blue skies; gray, foggy drizzle; steep rugged terrain; and holes that lead into a dark mysterious world which may reveal anything; fossil imprints of ancient nautiloids, she11 middens of earlier civilizations, unique habitats for myriad creatures about which we how little or nothing, deep pits, neverbefore-described speleothems, bottomless pools and stunning waterfalls, dangling chandeliers of ice, or just tight, cold, muddy walls of limestone pinching too tight. Although much of the cave country in Alaska has been heavily logged, there are still places hat have the feel of true wilderness. Getting to many of the caves on Thp bleak, rough, karst octtline of Perue Peak serves as a beacon ro cavers in the area. Photo credit: Pete Smith long hikes through enveloping Wn~e of Wales Island has only old growth stands, where it is necblack bears now, and Chichagof essary to make one's own path has brown or gnzzly bears), the through the wet brush, scramble terrain is different enough that onto logs to gain a path above the one must leam a new language to devil's club, and learn to read the locate caves. Without the conlocal topography to figure out straints of large expeditions, there where a cave might be. is a greater sense of freedom with a concomitant loss of the IogistiIf one walks auietlv it is not un, caI support of Prince of Wales Iscommon to see deer or bear as land. well as signs and songs of many other forest creatures. What a On Dall Island and some of the pleasure after driving through other outside islands the threat of seemingly endless swathes of logging is less imminent and the cIearcut to reach the start of the isolation even more encompasshiice. Preliminary expeditions to ing. No roads have yet scarred Chichagof ZsIand have revealed Federal laads although mads and many of the same pleasures and clearcuts are found on many of semws. The bears are bigger the native holdings. Learning to Prince of Wales Island requires 6 The AIskaa Caver April 1994 Vol 14 No 2

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read the land becomes even more important with only the naturaI features as locating beacons. There are no warm showers or companions other than the caves on the expedition. The fine details of keeping safe and comfortable must become even more ingrained as part of everyday acfivities because help can be a very long way off, even when above the ground, With a relatively small group, it is crucial that all members be comfortable with isolation and each other. Flexibility and a willingness to push oneself hard art just as important here as up north on Prince of Wales, and the ability to work independently is perhaps even more crucial here. As we discover more caves, the need for wds skills may become secondary, but, if you can't find your way back to the cave, well .......... Alpine caving is something else altogether. Woodsmanship is a requisite for getting up and down from the peaks when the helicopter is not available, but the prime requirements here are comfort with tight, cold, and extremely verticaI caves, and the ability to cave hard for long hours, day after day. It seems to be a given that it rains continuously during alpine trips so if you can't stand being damp and dirty for days on Vol 14 No2 April 1994 end, don't come. The surface features are spectacular with everything from pinnacle karst to wide pavements etched with karren and pocked with deep pits. The best explored areas on Q Capitan Peak contain pits up to 598 feet deep and the caves have trended to the very deep with long tight drops. We still haven't found the bottom of any of the three big caves and it is likely that we won't until we start camping in the caves. With temperatures near freezing, and with the tight passages that must be negotiated, this is a daunting but exhilarating prospect. Although the caves of Southeast Alaska can be spectacuIar in and of themselves, it is the unique temperate zone rainforest system in which they are found that makes them special. There are caves on Vancouver Island that are far longer than any thus mapped in Alaska, but the forest ecosystem has suffered far prater damage than even that on Prince of Wales Island. As the Karst Resources Panel noted in its "Karst and Cave Resource Significance Assessment for the Ketchikan Area," the karstlands of Southeast Alaska contain numerous at~butes of bth international and national significance. Thus, it is the integrip of the karst ecosystem that makes the caves of southeastern Alaska so special. Without the forest, the caves would not be neatly as important. These are still some highly significant portions of the karst system that have been minimally impacted on Prince of Wales, Chichagof and Kosciusko Islands. A few portions of Heceta Island are still relatively intact. And, on the outside islands we still have the opportunity ta preserve some sections of the temperate rainforest karst ecosystem intact, from alpine karst right down to sea level, an opportunity that is unique in the world. You Are Invited to Join PQWIE VIII & DIE XV 1994 Prince of Wales & Dd ][stand expeditions. ................ WHEN July 1-31, 1994 .............. WHERE Southeast Alaska ......................... COST 40 hours of caving each week of attendance ........... HOUSING Tents furnished ... FOOD. ....................... Furnished RSvP to: Pete Smith PO Box WWP Ketchikan, AK 99950 907-846-5223 The Alaskan Caver 7

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Bear hones from thousands of years ago litter the Poor in one of the many cnvw in Soutkast Alaska. Phto credit: Pete Smith This article has been submitted for publication to Current Research in the Pleistocene. Fossil Grizzly Bears from Prince of Wales Island, Alaska, Offer New Insights into Animal ~ispersal, Interspecif ic ~ompetition, and Age of Deglaciation by Timothy H. Heaton and Frederick Grady The Alexander Archipelago thought that grizzlies must never poses a complex island biohave colonized he island. geographic puzzle, with each island being home to a unique subset of mainland species. Prince of Wdes Island, for example, contains just over haIf the species of terrestrial mammals that inhabit Southeast Alaska. Since glaciers once filled the straits that now separate the islands, colonization may have been easier in the past for some species, and therefore the current distribution may be relectual rather than an eguilibrium between dispersal and extinction. Islands of the Alexander Archipelago are cIosely spaced, however. usually about 5 h, and large mammals such as deer and bears are known to swim such distances. Why some large-bodied species are absent from some islands is therefore a mystery. Grizzly beam (Ursus arctor) and black bears (Ursus amesicanus) both inhabit southeast Alaska, but the two species rarely coexist on offshore islands. Prince of Wales Island, in spite of its large size and proximity to the maidand, has onIy black bears, and these bears parallel the habits of grizzlies by including fish in their diets. Since grizzlies tend to dominate black bears wherever the two coexist, It was once Last year we reported on a fossil. bear den being excavated from El Capitan Cave on the northern part of Prince of Wales Island (Heaton and Grady 1 992a, 1992b). During July, 1992, we opened the sealed den entrance and conducted a full excavation of the site, recovering parts of at least four black bears and three grizzly bears. This site is located in a glacial vaIley near the bay below Et Capitan Peak. Skulls of two additional grizzlies (both juveniles) were recovered by cavers frorn deep shafts in Blowing in the Wind Cave in the alpine karst on El Capitan Peak. These Fossils demonstrate that grizzlies did in fact colonize Prince of Wales Island and occupied diverse habitats there before disappearing. The large bear previously reported from El Capitan Cave (Heaton and Grady 1992a. 1992b) has now been positively identified as an enonnous, aged grizzly. It was radiocarbon dated at 9,7a75 yr. B.P. (AA-7794). Its remains, including cranium and upper dentition, were scattered En the rubble near the entrance of the bear den. A second individual, somewhat smaller, was later identified frorn the same site, but too much glue was used during preparation of the single femur shaft to use for dating. A third grizzly, smaller still, I4 The Alaskan Caver April 1994 Vol 14 No2

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is represented by many heavily species, have generaIly not t'ared chewed but beautifully prewell in areas invaded by grizzlies, served elements found farther especially in coastal Alaska, their inside the den passage. This lone survival on Prince of Wales animal was radiocarbon dated Island is strange indeed. at 12,2955120 ys. B.P. (AA 10445), the oIdest from the site. Of the 'two juvenile grizzlies Erorn Blowing in the Wind Cave, the smaller one contains aIrnost no collagen and is therefore undatab'le. The lqer one has excellent preservation and was radiocarbon dated at 9.99Sf 95 yr. B.P. (AA10451), an age bracketed by the El Capitan Cave grizzlies. The oldest black bear from El Capi tan Cave was radiocarbon dated at 11,56551 15 ys. B.P. (AA1W8), so black and grizzly bears coexisted on the isIand for at least 1,800 years. These data raise as many questions as they answer about bears and island populations. First, it is unusual to find both black and grizzly bear remains spanning a long time interval from the same den. Remains of both species have been found together in caves but are not likely synchronous (Emslie and Czaplewski 1985, Grady 1988, Heaton 1 988). Grizzlies rarely den in caves, and that helps explain their generally poor fossil record compared with black bears (Kurten and Anderson 1980). The second enigma is the extinction of -lies on Prince of Wales Island. The fact that grizzlies outnumber black bears from the two caves and that their record is older offers the hint that grizzlies reached the island first and outnumbered black bears for a time. Given that black kars, a native American Grizzly remains in upper Alaska date to the early Wisconsinan, but the earliest dates south of the ice are around 13,000 yr. B,P. (Kurten and Anderson 19801, It is highly unlikely that grizzlies could have reached the Alexander Archpelago prior to--or survived there during--the last glacial. Local ice-free conditions during the height of glaciation have been documented on the Queen Charlotte Islands farther south (Warner et al. 19&2), but the Alexander Archipelago is thought to have been fully covered by the Cordilleran Ice Sheet until at least 14,000 yr. B.P. (Clague 1991). The Quaternary his tory of southeast Alaska has not received the attention that coastal British Columbia has, but this is changing. Since El Capitan Cave is located in a glacial valIey, our date of 12,295k120 yr. B .P. (AA-10445) on a grizzly bear provides a new minimum age for substantial deglaciation on northern Prince of Wales Island, which is near the center of the Alexander Archipelago. We thank Kevin Allred, Steve Lewis, Paul Matheus, Dan Monteith, and other members of the Tongass Caves Project for help in finding and collecting the fossils. Jim Baichtal has been instrumental in ataacting scientists to the karst for southeast Alaska, and we appreciate his support. Funding for radiocarbon dates, travel, and supplies was provided by Tongass National Forest and the National Geographic Society. Timothy H. Heaton. Dcpartmenr of Earth Sciences and Phys~cs, University of Satlrh Dakota, Vanillion, SD 57069 Frederick Grady, Department of Paleobiology. Srnithsonian Institution, Washington. D.C. 20560 References Cited: Claye, J.J. 199 1 Quaternary Glaciation and Sedirnentation.pp 41 9-434 H. Gabrielse and C.J. Yorath (ds.), Geoloev of the Cordilleran Om~en in Canada, Geological Survey of Canada, Geology of Canada, no. 4. 844 p. Emslie, S.D., and N.J. Czaplcwski 11 985 A New Record of Giant Shortfaced Bear. Arctodus simus, from Western North America wifh a Reevaluation of its Paleobiology. & ral Histon Museum of Los An~eleles County, Contributions in Science 371:l-12. Grady, F. 1988 Verkbrate Fossils. pp. 5 1-55 in P.J. Stevens (ed.), Caves of the Oman Cave Plateau. Green& Countv. West Yirrinha, West Virginia Spelcolnglcal Sunley Bulletin 9. Neaton, T.H. 1988 Bern and Man at Porcupine Cave, Western Uinta Mountains, Utah. Cumnt Research in the Aastocene 5:7 1-73. Heaton, T.H., and F, Gmd y 1 99221 Preliminary Repoit on the Fossil Rears of EI Gapitan Cave, Psince of Wales Island, Alaska. Current Research in the Pleistocene 9:??-??. Heaton, T.H., and F. Grady 1992b Two Species of Bear Found in Laze Pleistocene/Early Holocene Den in El Capitan Cave, Prince of Wales Island, Southern Alaska Coast (Abstract). Journal of Yenebrate Paleontolovy 12:32A. Kurten, B., and E. Anderson 1980 Pleistocene Mammals of North America. Columbia Univers~ty Press, New York. Warner, B.G., R.W. Mathewes, and J.J. Clague 1982 Ice-free Conditions on the Queen Charlotte Islands, British Columbia. at the height of Late Wisconsin Glaciation. Sciencc 2 18575-677. Vol 14 No 2 ApriI 1994 The Alaskan Caver 9

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EL CAPITAN CAVE Prince of Wales Island, AK Preliminary Report #I31 Addendum to Reports #6, #23, #75 & #90 Tongass Cave Project National SpeleoIogical Saciety by Kevin Allred Oct. 1, 1993 EURT1IER EXPLORAVON Den". A couple of climbing leads head up; some other horizontal passage have not yet been surSeveral trips were taken this year to push new arveyed, More upstream divable sumps are reporteas of the cave. edly in this room. Later Marcel and Pete dove the Alaska Room sump and Pete climbed one of the Significant progress was made to climb further high leads in an attempt to reach the Alaska Room above the Alaska Room after Pete Smith had used and bypass the sump. The lead ended. bolts to get up another pitch near "Broken Pole ~~ueeze! A &uple of other higher pitches were HYDROLOGY climbed and surveyed by Steve Lewis, Don Aldridge, Dave Smith, Suzanne West, Pete Smith, Kevin Allred and Bob Cfiristensen. The way finally became plugged with rocks and boulders from an ascending fissure. Further progress is only possible by carefully digging to avoid king injured by the falhng rock from above. A warm breeze flows down the fissure and flying insects were seen but nor daylight. This last portion of the climbs has had frost wedging acting sometime in the past, and an upper entrance can not be fat. Just below this choke in a side alcove is a mouse skeleton partly covered by flowstone. The series of climbs has other vnclimbed leads and some nice speleothems. From the main passage, a side lead was gushed which opened into a smalI room containing crystals, deep vames and hoodoos. Further progress was halted because of the fragile hoodoos. Down in the maze area 115 feet of new passage bypassing the intermittent sump was discovered by Pete Smith and later surveyed by David Klinger, Kevin Allred and Greg Bowles. The Alaska Room sump was down 17 feet below the overflow level with the summer's drought conditions. An underwater horizontal passage could be seen continuing past some bsulders. Dives were taken by certified cave divers Craig Sempert, Marcel LaPerriere and Alan Murray. After 60 feet, on the other side of the sump is a large mom 45 feet in diameter and 713 feet high called "Diver's A dye trace from Slate Cave (see Report # 15 I ) was detected within about the weeks at the Lower El Capital Cave resurgence. More hydrologic studies should be undertaken in Lower Rockwell River, Divers Den, Roaring Road Cave and seeps below the El Capitan entrance. This fall the Forest Service cave gate was completed. It is located approximately 100 feet inside the entrances and just beyond the Moon Milk Passage. The gate is of heavy steel and placed to alIow bat flights through it, and not constrict any air flow. The trail to the entrance is due to be built next. A management plan for the gate is yet to be formulated. PALEONTOLOGY Dr. T.H.Heatonk and Fred Gradyk complete report on the El Capitan Hibernaculurn 1992 dig is sri U to be published, however, their article from Current Research in the Pleistmene is on pages 8-9. MAP A corrected map with profiles has been completed from all original survey notes taken over the past seven years. Total surveyed passage of the cave is now 11,885.8 feet with a total depth of 428.6 feet (275.2 above the entrance and 153.3 below the entrance). Psoducrion of the map took Carlene Allred several hundred hours. 16 The Alaskan Caver April 1W4 Vol 14 No 2

PAGE 13

Mop Type: A1 I Cl ipping: None Vol 14 No 2 April 1994 The Alaskan Caver I 1 I ... CI Copi ton Cove 1993 DO rum L~ve I J Hop Type: All Cl ipping: None A! ~riburas: None $I -< Ulsu fingle' 90 1 0 156 "!I0" t''n SMRPS 5.2

PAGE 14

BRIDAL VEIL CAVE Prince of Wales island, Alaska Preliminary Report #I26 Addendum to Report #cfO Tongass Cave Project National Speleological Society by Kevin Alhd Sept. 29, 1993 MANAGEMENT CHALLENGES: On June 7,199 1, the author recommended that the planned northern border of nearby Iogging be pulled back EXPLQRATJQN: In two leads and mn dawn the crest of a ridge which follows the remaining from 1991 explorations were surveyed gully containing veil and its sister in Bridal Veil Cave. "Repel Freezes Over", an 85caves. The border was flagged down into the gully, foot pit was pushed lo a sump having a 2-inch psing a serious threat to the of the gully high air 'Pace sucking a draft. The level is and hydrology of he caves. After the was rethe same as the one below the Heart Passage. leased, at our request the border was pulled away A second lead is a steep fault or joint-controlled fissure heading some 250 feet fmm Honeymoon HaU and fieally becoming too tight from rwks and boulders. At this point, incoming air is felt, and daylighE seen. A surface survey co~ms a nearby insurgence sinkhole as the point above the too tight passage. An unexplored pit near the Bridal Veil shaft entrance was surveyed and connected to a passage near the walk-in entrance. The surveyors this year were Datcie Ziel, Marcel LaPerriere, Connie LaPemiere, Pete Smith and Kevin AIlred. Total surveyed passage for the cave is now 331 3.9 feet. It is 362.9 feet deep. BIOLOGY Flatworms were noted in the newly discovered fissure above Honeymoon Wall. from most of the ravine drainage. The intent was to enlarge for the prokction of both Divarce and Bridal Veil and the otber caves, in the gully. Work was halted on the logging of the gully but not before a portion of it was clear-cut. The new clear-cut is much too close to the gully drainage to allow for windthrow already in process at this time. We were led to understand that the boundary wac to be 300 feet from the Divorce Cave entrance, and it is only 230 feet. la addition, the access road to this unit cuts directly over No See-Urn Cave rather than avoiding it (see Report #99$ Sinkholes were used as dumps far road fill and mt wads. It appears that protection of this significent area cave resource was only phally successful, but better than it could have been without any mitigation. I NOTE: "501 (b)" was a mistaken copy of "5018" of the 1990 draft (AK Caver 10(6):6). Both are wrong At the May meeting of the Executive Council and the Section should be "501(c)(3)". Correc(EC), the Secretary was requested to clarify Artion is necessary now as the Glacier Grotto is tick X of the Constitution. "Article X. Glacier seeking State non-profit status, quested by EC Grotto Propertyt'reads as follows: on April 5. "Any NSS or Glacier Grotto property The EC proposes to change the "5018" and shall revert to the NSS in the event of the "501(b)" to (501(c)(3)." Being a correction dissolution, or, in the event that the NSS of typographic ems, it will become effective is no longer in existence, to another unless a major portion of the membership oborganizafion(s) that fulfills the requireSects in writing by June 35, 1994 to Secretary rnents of Section 501(b) of the United Julius Rockwell, 2944 Emory Street. AnchorStates Internal Revenue Code." age, AK 99508-4466. Phone (907)277-7 150 12 The Alashn Caver April 1994 Vol 14 No 2

PAGE 15

BRIDALVEIL CAVE TONOASS NAllWAL -EST PAWCE OF WACLSLUID, ULPD. -lsqtn 3.313.9 I.fl rot* ram Jel s 4-1 -.. -r d 1.W wrr M IHI. .1 ~h 1111. 4 U, MI". I. L.,n *sr.o.rr.cn cpra,m.-c -or. J -. Y.,.. >.mLI.. D Id C LC-& M Wwrur. r* q WUI. T-a t.r P-4. HnM *MU n&.w r** r, c -r WMKIN IN-9. 5".I"*R*llllf. -4 &-*4 Olh Vol 14 No 2 April 1994 The Alaskan Caver 13

PAGE 16

KING KONG CAVE HOLE IN THE GROUND GREAT WHIITE CAVE Prince of Wales Island Preliminary Reprt #I29 Tongass Cave Project. National Speleological Society by Kevin Allred Sept. 30, 1993 Eng Kong Cave, Hole in the Ground, and Great White Cave are located at a major insurgence, draining muskegs to the northwest and north. All three caves either still are or werc associated with the insurgence hydroIogy. The host rock is Heceta Limestone and suspected resurgence point is Headwater Cave over one half a mile to the south. The caves were first investigated by Mark FriPzke and Kevin AIEred in August of 1992. They were surveyed and explored on July 14, 1993 by Greg Bowles and Suzanne West. Kon~ Cave is 110.1 feet long and 11.9 feet deep and has two entrances. The easier access is via "King Kong's Eyes", the lower entrance. No rope is needed for this cave. White to Headwater Cave contains underwater and/or inaccessible caverns such as this. Great White has a large mrn that leads off into: 1) two pools that might be connected underwater, 23 a sump that btocks two passageways, and 3) a narrow muddy passage filled with soda straws and white curtains, indicating that this part of the cave does not now flood. This decorated passage is very fragile, but also quite beautiful. No rigging is required for this cave. There were no other leads except a possible dive in the lowest sump. The spelwthtms of Great White warrants restriction of the cave location from the general public, Any logging such as bas ken planned in both the Hole in the Ground begins as a 15 foot deep pit upstream and inferred downstream drainage would which then divides and ends in mud plugs. Total introduce much sedimentation into the hydrologic Passage is 55.7 feet, and the depth is 34,8 feet. Rope system, negatively impacting the three caves and is not needed. rhe suspected system and karst between Great M%ik Cave and Headwater resurgence. A dye trace and The entrance of mat mite Cave was apparently hydrologic study is needed to confum this relationunderwater in 1992 and the drought conditions of ship. 1993 lowered water enough to expose 364.1 feet of cave passages to a total depth of 39.6 feet. The This karsted, still forested area should not be name of this cave comes from the resemblance of logged, or roaded. The area needs to be Iookedover one entrance ra a shark's mouth. It is reasonable to by a cave biologist for invertebrates. Several sigassume that at least pm of the distance from Great nificant insurgence features are located in the karst area. 24 The Alaskan Caver April 1994 Vol 14 No 2

PAGE 17

Vol 14 No2 April 1994 HOLE IN THE GROUND KING KONG CAVE HOLE IN THE GROUND HOLE IN TEE GROUND wM lawh55.7 dapm 34s GREAT WHITE CAW ------TONGASS NATIONAL FOREST PRINCE OF WALES ISLAND, ALASKA C0414hcCgmmrrdr.prmvwl~.lteJb* G Bavk.rrd5 WmcT~.aCm~M.gnul Iprpbawhcm MmwCndLAhi LEGEND 7 uwvrr~ walk The Alaskan Caver 15 ... %KONG CAVE %'%, kx wmyd docr1 ? 9 %-. -0PLAN VIEW REU TiVE LO7lONS ARE KING KONG CAVE monLE --z -ud.rhlrrqmHgO '4 slow 4 rwnd4nm a7 1 drplh bdow 0 datum @ owl p Vmddr0~ 8-m ot h ~n toot 9; bn-wn -Wl? 643 APPROXIMA TE tr too 0-M "+r 6.mo 10 20 20 1(] GREAT WHITE CAVE GREAT WHITE CAVE PRORLE -trr mo we length364 1 olnnr* In Iwl lu@ 8epth39.6 @F.*IA*~~M -

PAGE 18

BROKEN BUS CAVE /-.----=---h Prinw of Wda Island,AEaska Mlhhq Report #I27 Tongas Cave h,j& *National Speleological Sddy TOK*$S w*r*e Y~RLST mmcE or W*LT~ ,+mu ALAS~C by Kevin AlIred Sept. 28, 1993 DESCRIPFION; Broken Bus Cave was discovCered by MarkFritzke and Pete Smith in August 1992 EL*SH DuYMr -. at a Heceta limestone quarry. An old bus in the quarry gave name to the cave.A rope is required for the initial drop and care should be taken in the blast-shattered entrance, because of 1mse rock.The cave probably was not accessible before the blast%5m~w rn ing and drained at least one sinkhole, now pone. The cave is tight and muddy, ending in a very mucky pit called "Crash Dummy SIide". There is no running water. Of the two upper leads, one might connect to a sink on the cliff above the cave. Total passage surveyed is 100.1 feet and it is 68.3 feet deep. II --. SPELEOTHEMS: Flowstone was noted along with TIJ RIN* OANm many hoo-doos, water sculpted from silt on clay. PROFILE MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATIONS: Bro-E ken Bus Cave has been severely impacted. We recKFY r '-4 ") omrnend that the quarry not be extended. The cave .-might be studied as a hard-to-find example of a pre.-*.. 1gmr lnu~mrrr am6 .,viously sealed one. The general public should not be directed to Broken Bus because of its vertical -. 131...-nature. BUMPER CAVE h%'I~e0f w& h~and,&~b*~ Tongass Ore Prqject. National Spekdogid ,Sa5ety by Kevin Allred Oct. 2, 1993 DESCRPTTON: Bumper Cave was discovered Aug. 20, 1992 by Kevin ATIred and Mark Friuke. Located in heavily karsted Mecceta marble, its Pow, broad gallery has b skylights. One at the west end of the gallery has deposited ceiling mk and oxpanic debris that creates a partial blockage. A little digging permitted entry into a phteatic, scallopped stoop-way. After a 5-foot drop the ceiling lowers to a broad crawlway ending in an 8-inch high constriction caused by ithe deep silt bank. The cave appears to have a very thin ceiling as far as the limit of present explorations. The total surveyed length is 62.5 feet and the depth is f 3.4 feet. SPELEOTHEMS: Some of the stalactites have insects emkdded in them. There are soda straws also. MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATIONS: This critically significant cave needs protection from any logging or road buiIding activities and is recommended for intense scientific review hefore king made public. The area contains other caves and well developed karst and recreational opportunities. 16 The Alaskan Caver -Apri 1 1 994 Vol 14 No 2

PAGE 19

JEANNIE'S SPIRAL STAIRCASE CAVE Prim of Wales IsIand, Alaska Prolhbaq Reprt #I30 T]rongasF &ve bjeet National Speleolopjcal Wty by Kevin Alhd Oct. 2,1993 DESCRHTION: This cave was discovered by employees of Hma Northwest Consulting Co. The cave contains 117.3 feet of passage and is 63 feet deep. The entrance, an insurgence sinkhole, swallows a small creek flowing off non-carbonates to the south. Drysuits or wetsuits and a 50-foot long rope with vertical gear are needed to reach the bottom of his cave. TZle rope pitch is in a waterfall. At the bottom of the cave, the passage becomes tcx, tight where the water flows. An abandoned water passage gms to a sump. It is a beautiful, wet, clean cave. SPELEOTIEMS: Butterscotch colored flowstone was found, Broken 3-inch soda straws were on a ledge. Cause of the breakage is not known. MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATIONS: TO avoid siltation,no upsrream roads or logging should occur in &is area. Dye tracing could determine general direction and limits of the inaccessible portion of the water system before roads or logging are allowed further dawn the hill. Restrict cave to those abIe to cope with cold, wet and vertical conditions. ---JEANNIE'S SPIRAL I STAlRCWE CAVE 1 TOffikSS NATlP1U 1WFST Mr or WALES IFI~ LAW Sr.rrrswm 8 111Tar* drerh 6l lrr ---,c 3 L* I* I "-Lb-dq1----dl. -LL d.-I -* i PLAN Entrance ---I = ---c $5' -Urn I' ,I-I --I. m .L.rq*lal 1 owmIo.3 w. .a r -.-.a, I r.-,.,-MONTIETH'S MAZE CAVE MofWaIB bland,Alaska mm Regm#141) TOW Cave hjectm Nathd Spelmlogkd Wety by Kevin Allred Oct. 2,1993 DESCRIPTION: Forest Service Archaeologist Dan Montieth discovered lthe cave in 1992, In a sink in massive grey Hecata limestone, an exposed outcropping ks above an enmce measuring approximately 6 feet by 2.5 feet. The cave inclines at 30-40 degrees following a crack. Two side passages go short ddishnces. AU are mapped. PALEONTOLOGY: A deer he was coIIec ted near the end of lthe fin-like feature shown on the map. HYDROLOGY A smdI trickle was flowing through the cave in the drought of 1993. Signs of much heavier flows were evident in vadose passages. BIOLOGY: Surface invertebrates were reported. d uppr ~uld not MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDATIONS: Reportedly, the area is flagged for logging, as are a road, landing and unit 'boundary in: cave entrance. Many otl features including upper part of Rver's En drainage need to be investigated.This area shd be logged. MOhTlTR'S MAZE CAVE I mar r nc W.LES IWNP AU~ *-,*n,1.7.1 Ad d nrt I -------I. ,UL-rn U. I. Enm~ I z--:eb=7L A The Alaskan Caver 17

PAGE 20

The Alaskan Caver 1921 Cnngress Circle, Apt. B Anchorage, AK 99507 May 3,1994, Conference Telephone Call. NCRC Cave Training is set for June 18-21 in Southeast. There is space for 10 people. Connie LaPerrlere continues to wwk on the paperwork of the application for nonprofit status, Steve Lewis reported that 16 people have sent in applications for POWEDIE expeditions. All applications are to be sent to Pete Smith. The next Executive Council conference call will. Wear your afi liation with pride. These colorful patches cast only $5 when purchased from: Dave KJinger asks NSS members to send in their ballots by May 19th. SnoPark in southeastern Washington. Forwarding and Re turn Postage guaranteed Address Correction Requested The Glacier Grotto needs n Conservation Clrair ~hatwillhePppushforscatelegi~lationtopmtect the caves. Logging in the Central Mnce of Wales area was discussed. Grotto memh plan to meet with USFS to discuss caves to be impacted. The lack of interest in caves and caving by loca'swasdiscussed'G1acierGmnowil'~toPut a program together with the Yacht Cluh, diving community, Kayak Club and the like, to spread the word abut the caves. A video on caving in Virginia was shown. Send N.C.A. Executive Board Meeting agenda itemstoD.w-Kesnq12567W-DeMe~erSt.? Boise, ID 83704. Phone: (208) 939-0979. Vertical Instructors are needed to assist as instructors and assistant instructors at the NSS Kesner (a hove). Mark Madson recently became chairmen of the Lake Missoula Grotto, N.C,A. ch-m David Kljngerasksthato~erkadmhipchanpsbe~to him ASAPBob Brown has volunteered to pubfish a Regional Newsletter if someone \Hi11 be editor. Contact Bob at PO Box 2, EIbe, WA 98330.


Description
Contents: Caver
Questions His Decisions --
President('s) Corner --
Membership List --
Gearing Up For Caving in Alaska --
Newsbriefs --
Alaskan Caving Offers Challenges --
You Are Invited to Join --
Fossil Grizzly Bears from Prince of Wales --
El Capitan Cave #131 --
Bridal Veil Cave #126 --
King Kong Cave #129 --
Broken Bus Cave #127 --
Bumper Cave #128 --
Jeannie's Spiral Staircase Cave #130 --
Montieth's Maze Cave #140.


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