Alaskan Caver

Alaskan Caver

Material Information

Alaskan Caver
Series Title:
Alaskan Caver
Alternate Title:
Alaska Caver
Pease, Chuck
National Speleological Society (Alaskan Cave Areas Conservation Task Force)
National Speleological Society (Glacier Grotto)
University of Alaska Southeast (School of Arts and Sciences)
Publication Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
Regional Speleology ( local )
serial ( sobekcm )
United States


General Note:
Contents: New Meeting Time and Place!!!!! -- Slide Shows on Glacier Grotto!!!!!! -- Editor's Note -- Glacier Grotto Members and Friends -- Chairman's Corner - Alaska Cave Area No. 1 -- Spring visit to Gull Rock Caves -- The Caves of Hope.
Open Access - Permission by Author(s)
Original Version:
Vol. 4, no. 3 (1979)
General Note:
See Extended description for more information.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
K26-00269 ( USFLDC DOI )
k26.269 ( USFLDC Handle )
4429 ( karstportal - original NodeID )

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THE N.i 3 October 1979


NEW TJEZTIRG TINE ANU PLACE!!!!! I SLIDE SHOiVS Oii GLACIE.~ CAVES! ! ! Glacier Grotto meetings will now be held on the third I I Thursday of each month in room.212, Grant Hall at the Alaska Pacific University, At our November 15 meeting, everyone is asked to bring any glacier caves slides so we can usher in the glacier caving season. And if the weather continues like it has with little or no snow it should be a fantastic season! So if you've never been to 1 a meeting, or you're interested in trying some glacier caving, stop in for the Nov. 15 meeting. I I I I I EUITOi? *S NOTE 1 kiy apologies for waitin~ so lane since the last issue of the Alaskan Caver. Summer things can only be done while the too-short summer lasts but the cool September rainr. h:wr brouf;ht mr back tu my senses. 1 won" promise that this periodlcsl will ccme out in any lr~quency other th.m pcriorlically~ns time and material allov:. In this issue 1 have focused on the Caves a1 Hope, protably the most accessible caves to Anchcrace. 1 he Alice XlifS article and Jay rtocRwell's ''Caiman's Corner" were written in 1975 and never published but are an useful today a5 they were thcn. Actually, the Hope area is not the only place nearby that these seacaves exist. I have seen thcm in Kachemak Bay and around lrlnce William Sound. .jesurrection Lay, out from Scward, has mamy beautiful large s?a caves which could only be approached from the water includin~ some tunnels that you could probably get a small boat thrcugh. I recotomend that everyone chcck out these "different" caves sonetime and request that when you do, you write a report on where you went and what was there and send it in to me. Articles on caves and any aspect of caving are of course always welcome. .. -. I .. The 3J;A5W CNEA is a i 1 periodic publication of the Glacier Gratto of the I National Speleological Society. Subscriptions are free to regular members. Kembership dues are $3 per i mum. Copyright 1979 by Glacier Grotto. Material i I not capywrighted by hdividuals or other groups may be r copied by other NSS publications provided credit is given to the ALASKATI CAVEA and a copy of such publication is sent to the editor. Editort Richard Hall Publisher 1 David Moll I Pres. Jay dockwell V Pres. David Street Secr. ~?ichard Hall Treas. Sydney Jenkins At Lrg. David No11


GLAC IE,I G.;OTTO i;Ll~'&E.:S AMD r'r. IENUS I The follow in^ list includes full members (those members who maintain a current rnernber~hip i11 the MSS) dcsihmated "**" asucciatt: members (all others who have paiC lbeir annual dues) dcsignatcd "*", and frienas. "Friends" includes ex-r.err.bess and others who have shovm an interest in caves and caving in Alaskz. If you know anyone who would be Interested in becoming a member or to correct w,y of the listings plcasc contact Jay Itockwell or ~ich Hall. Allred, Kevin 423 Summit Avo, Kent. WA 78031 rr Allred, Carlene 16389 *+Anderson,Warren 15287Box517,Wilson,Wr83014 ~~'~irburn. ,:amona 3401 Upland Dr, Anchorage. AK 333-9247 99504 Bacon, Bill Box 6326 Anchorage, AK 99502 +* Bastasz, Kobert 13696 5621 Charlotte Way. #5 .U;ar415-u3-2209 .more, CA 94550 Bernard, don Box 130 Savage Dr,Eagle diver, 688-3462 AK 99577 Dowers, ~m, Harvey 12088 Box 1069, Wasilla, AK 99687 376-2294 Bowers, Sandy Brockman, Hoss Wiseman via Bettles, AK 99726 via Northwind Honey riun Kt, At2r B6X 141 ,Perkin, IN 47165 Duncan, Philip C 13202 3814 Belvoir, Huntsville, AL Duncan, Ncrrie 14B33 35803 Erwin, Margaret 508 W 2nd Ave, Anchorage, AK 99510 Evans, Charles G 123 E 11th Ave, mehorage,AK 99501 277-2396 274-8032 Fire 16538 2022 Pranaiaco Berklcy ,Cd 94709 ** rqitzgeraLd, Brian T ,19364 1200 Koodside k t C-4 ,Ketchlkan 225-4732 Fitzgerald, Michele HI 20370 99901 ** Francis, Karl E. 2787 Box 120 Savage Dr. Ea&s diver 688-2661 AK 99577 + Godbey, William Box L-1605, Palmer ,AK 99645 745-2337 I Gordon, Dennls C. 14423 PO Rax 621 Petershrg,PX 39833 Green, Jeff 2140 Stanford Ur, Anchorage ,AK 99504 276-8935 +* Wali, rrichard A 16566 4607 Klondike C rt Anchorage 333-2070 265-3365 +* Hall, Elisabeth S 16557 AK 99504 +r Halliday,JJr Uilliam 812H8 1117 36th Ave E,Seattle,WA 98212 ** }fallinan, ~r lhomas 6329 Wolverine Lane ,Sn Box 20805 479-6064 479-7454 *r Hallinan, Nancy 6367 Fairbanks, bK 99701 Halsey, Gary W 2703 W 31st St Anchorage .AK 99503 276-7450 276-4216 Head. Joseph 13561 S H Box 20095,Falsbanks.bK 99701 4797565 7622 +* Iliff, Chuck 13956 801s "F" ST #3 Anchorage,AK 99501 279-4729 ** Iliff, Allce 13966 Jaeeer, Ronald A Box 2095, Fairbanks, AK 99701 Jansen, John P. 4040 Box 395 Eagle ~tlver,AK 99577 6yb-2963 272-641b -. -. :-. . ,W Jenkins, Sydney . :" 18193 b~x 4-2917, Anehorage,AK 99509 1 .; 274-0805 274-2415 '-,:!+-. ,, Jenkins, 8Stanley 19447 *. -, ... 272-9479 -I-::?;, .... . :... .*. -. . ..:-, :, ..-. .;-7-*-* ..'? ,..+; .. .f .:-. +-,::. ; ;:&,,+?J =>--*--,y: z.--. 7L=l-, ..+ -:'-': _. . ,; i:;--; ,A;-,",., ..-g. ~&..~j;<;~+.b: ;m,:....:+. -

Bishida. Ur Hiroshi 3-16-3 Minamionkashina Zaishyo-ku. Osaka 551 Japan Klingcngrath, Toni I via ~l Cister, !qone 3/1. Bj 126 Triestc. Italy -a* Klinger CO~ David 10583 106 Center St. Leavemorth WA 98826 ( *r Klinger, bark D 11298 ** Klingcr, Bryan 13052 . Lcicht, Dr Aay SdA Box 1735-k, Anchorage,AK 99507 349-1314 271-5069 I I Lcwia, Stephen K 15963 2508 Sprucewood St, Anchorage, AK 232-5703 276-4566 99504 kahler, DT Axel dobert-Koch-Strasse 37, U-751% Bretten West Germany TF,argaret, Nary Anchorage Al: 2761846 Hather. David K LcFarland, J. P. Means r Sam -' Medrock, daymond C -* Koll, David M ** Roll, Virginia J Rorton, Bruce .-. -. + Nelson, ~dward' J 219 bth Ave #Z,?airbanks,AK 99701 I 1200 Uimond Blvd 1478, Anchorage 349-2219 99502 Box 3584 DT, Anchorage.AX 99510 694-9258 2?9-557718315 . 1 I X. .. 10316 SI~ Box g0386, Fairbanks, Ax 99701 / ". lo106 55 WL~COX AV., r.iiamk~ ,An 99701 r79-5zni 45a-ueai. / 12996 452-3214 3202 SI! 206, '~agle ,liver; .. AK 99577 -. 694-9 1 L 2 Bax 814, Kodlak, AK 99615 '48613672 ** Pease, Majr C.d. Jr 48471' Box 547. New York 09051 I :( ': Perkins, George I Box 300, Valdez, AK 99689 835-4371 b: ** ";~ockwell, Dr JulLus 11308 2944 Emory St, Anchorage, AK 99504 277-1150 271-3129 *rlockwell, Elizabeth 15232 *+ itockwell, Julius 17856 ** Rogers, Bruce W 6732~ 889 Colorado AVe, Palo Alto,CA 94303 ~tubcck, dusty SH Box 9127, Eaele ~tivcr, AK 99577 694-3571 Sims, Steve 1769 Wickersham Ur, Anchorace 3-Q-4173 Sirns, Pat AK 99507 Smith, Hardy Box 5153, North Pole, AX 99705 488-6653 (243-5134 in Anchorage) Smith, Ur Warren 560% School of Scicnces and Technologies,University of Houston at Clear Lake City, 2700 Bay Area Blvd, Houston, TX 77058 Staff ord, Ken 15051 518 ~{andal Canor, Witchita Kansas 67203 I I ** Street, David 8257 2510 Foraker Ur, Anchorage, AK 1 243-4829 271 -3484 1 ** Street, Nancy 9080 99503 ** Street. Kathryn 9960 i I ** Street, Jennifer 13762 ** Street. Michael 15327 i Thiele, Jim 3437 Uickson Dr, Anchorage ,AK 99504 333-6396 745-3178 Urbach, Monserrat Balmes, 143,~ 3" 2A Barcelona, Spain 1 i -I Van Note, Kichael J 14174 PO Box 7756, Ketchikan, AX 999Gl Velikanje, ~tobert S 2600 Draner, Anchorage, AK 99503 277-B204 Westman, Erik D Box 1313 Seward, AK 99664 224-3516 224-3019,3023 ,. i: Wickwire, Thomas 908 Smyth, Fairbanks, bK 99701 452-1568 I -.. -i I . ** ~ilson, ~ez ._ 18986 7880 W dice fld, Bloomfngton, Ind. 47401 812-825-5216 I .-.-., ,, '.'\ .L7 .,. Wise, Mitch 2611 W 29th Ave* Anchoraee, AK 272-5307 263-1238 I .


CHAIRMAN'S CO3NEP Alaska Cave Area 1Jo. 1 The caves of Hcpe are situated on the north shore of the Kenai Peninsula. At low tide, a handsome beach of sand and pebbles extends from the waters of Turnagain Arm to the rocky cliffs in which the caves are formed. At high tide, the waves wash against the cliffs and into the caves. The Arm, a fjord of tremendous tides, has heen largely filled with sands of glacial streams; waters going in and out roar and appear like rivers. Under certain conditions of wind and tide, a tidal bore occurs. For obvious reasons, boating is practically non-existent and the beach remains in its unlittered, pristine state. At its closest point the corridor (power, pipeline, rail, and road) is four miles away across the Am, It would be nice to feel that the beaches and caves will remain unspoiled forever, but this is not necessarily so. Building a bridge across the Arm at its narrowest point will soon make good sense economicallys substantially reducing the distances between Anchorage and Sewasd, and Anchorage and Kenai. The former route would traverse the general area of the caves and beach described here; the latter would run to Burnt Island through a similar area and then to the oil fields north of Kenai, IT these two forks of the road were built a hundred or more yards back from the tops of the cliffs, as was done with the road from Sunrise to Hope, there would be no problem. Both beach and caves would be undisturbed. But, the modern way to build highways is right on the beach: cutting through the little points of rock that jutout, filling in the caves with talus, and creating impoundments which will qradually be filled with silt. Such has been the fate of most of the beach and caves on the north side 05 the Arm, and more recentlyr on the southeast side of Point Valdez. The caves are owned jointly by Federal and State agencies, the dividing line being the mean high water mark. Below the high water is all State Land, and a highway department less appreciative of the scenic and recreational resources of the State than the present administration could push the road to completion without public hearings, provided Federal funds were not involved. A highway on Forest Service lands, the preferred route, would require public hearings, and the beach route would, of course, have to be considered. The most logical solution now is to establish an undeveloped seashore park between the most suitable tentative highway centerline and the low tide mark of Turnagain Arm. Concurrent recreational development could be served adequately by enlarging Porcupine Creek Campground and creating a new campground in the Burnt Island or Burnt Island Creek area. Interconnecting trails with shelter cabins would enhance the already quasi-wilderness setting and would maintain the beach and littoral caves in their present setting. \ '*&& 5 'A hulius Rockwell


SFRING VISIT' TG GULL iiOCK CAVES bn tl~c ~:~.-:trnrl .,t La.? 5 ~h, i: >PC! 1 xvr~t on ;L hikc to 5:tl 1 v~k :-:i'.h g:]lr r 1~1~...~21r:rr; of thi.,"31111 titix~ ':!.ij:!: i 111h of ,llaz);a irltluclit~l;: Liav~ I,lin::cr. Tla'. c it. 21 -o 1;lgcirr t;rott? rjcaknr. tl~oucli h~? h;!~ sjrcr: rrltir'cd tC the faclfic ~~::r.?l~..c~t to e!1,i3j' ti^. :!P lcf t t?7.,1-1 c.21-ly, n: I i..,~d at Forcl~~inCzc7rc~:r.c ;IL~+ :' -.T t of I:-cc ?.Lout 11 ,472 ar~rl took our tl;~ nil~lrl,: till3 4 to 3 1ni1r.s to Gull or 2ull .cck is a ~~?~>itl:,uln ahi ch juts n tllocrzand Cue t into i urnzgzin Asr, f ro~n about tfjc norther-n-os t poil~t of tile F~IIXI??\I~~I. tiit11 thc sun due :rprL and the tide out we set atout rr,y rcal rracon for be in^ therc to look for sca caves. ;ie s?t of1 to thc VJFS~ and it iidri't t?!:c lone :,i:?c? the Sirst cave v;c Found -f:?tr; iri Gull ,,ock itn?li. It wax onl; about 20 !'cnt c~rp (I rcfuned to cu.11 the nur;;cl-nus holes le:,s thlrl 10 feet deep cavcej ard ;C fcct hirh with a width ~t th~. critl-ar:~~ of 6 feet, narrovtin~ as it wsrlt b~ck. This is ~n YBT~~F~O of thc tycical sea cxve in the area. R short way alcn~ the beach w3~ a ~ccond. very si~~llar cave. Thc third was sirrilsr too, although it had a bit n40m charact~r v.lth a lots., wjdc centtancc and a taller room hnhinn it, Still less rha:i bnl: cf 2 ril? dc;.r! ths beach, *.ve found ni~mbarlr. It was a tunnel, about 70 feet lot-E an3 1C-15 feet hi{;k and r;irlr with two small side tuni~rls vrhicll .~ould reqaire a Lich t source ta investi~ate. ;litbin ihc ~jcxt quarter mile there were four more cavezz =no 30 footers and CKO 15 Sooters. nll told I sketchea abcut 250 foot of care and retur~ed just as thc tide war3 lappir~g the rocks of our escape route. iiot content, 1 arokr varly the n~xt day ar,d hcaded east as thp tidp war @in< out. I soon came across 2 nice Y-shafrd doublp-entrance cave with about 50 fogt of pansap and a nicely vaultcd telling. It VJ~S follow~d by twc r~orn tu~nels nnr! .rVvcn ether caves irt the next mile of beach. :here sesmed to he no ty~ical lace to :in+ then, sonr wrr: at th~ tjps of rock points and Sam? vcre at th? Surthsst distznce from the shoz-5 : one had root^ in its rooi and probably won't be there the sawtim~ next year. 1 hao cone to a place v~herc there n~s no wzy to go farthcr v:itbcut climbing Gay up the slcpe or getting wet so I returned to Gull neck. It being cxtrernc 1051 tine, 1 !:as zble to enter two beautiful caves under Gull itself which I cguldn" lhave approached two hours before, Ihc first of the t:r.o prsbabl:; had the largest volume of all the caves I cntet-ed that day as it i\as r~cter.gular in tile back rather thzn coming to a point, and measured 40 feet deep by 15 feet wide by 20 feet hieh. All in all, I sketched about 300 feet of cave that ~orning. Ir;y conclusions are srveral: 1. I've been in same 3,sryland and ir;cst 'I irqinin caves that were less interesting. 2. 1 ~hould always carry a flashlight, ccrnFnec, tapenfasure and camera for docuncntation. 3 .I.!y sketches didn't show encu~h dc tail far the size of the caves rthcn sketched at 1000 or 500 feet to the inch. 4, ?hcse caves are the most accasziblc eaves to Anchoraee being only 90 miles sway and dpn at lov: tide for et least half the year. (lictually tnis conclu~Ion has ocly co:v to me while trying to get trip organized to cave areas in other pzrts of the statr. 5. Access from the water would be a lot ~acier than hiking in and clin'oing thr011qh the brush to get to the beach. 6. Its a fun hike whethsr or not you ~o cavinc altbcurh any cave-starv~d spleoholic shouldn't pass up the chance. 7. 3 rcally shoulrl eo back but haven't yet. I /--I Fourth cavt rest of Gull ..ock First cave on keSt side of Cull nOCR 10 fret Lar~c ca\,s tn east side of iull :\ock


< On July 4-5, and 6, 1975, six I122 ~enbers f'osnd and alapped 11 new littoral caves in thc rocky cliffs within 35 miles to thc northwest of IIope, Alaska. Total pacsaee length was abcut 400 fcet. ljcarly all the cavcs were in Chueiak ~raywacke. Cave r~ports and photocraphs of several caves are included. The Ilopc trip should be annual, at least until thc cntire rocky portion of the north roast of the Kenai Peninsula is checked out for marc cavcs. Hope, Alaska, is reached by driving 70 miles south from Anchorage on the S~ward IIighway, and turning rieht on the well-maintained gravel Fop Access :-'.oad for anothcr 17 miles. The t0.m was founded in 1696, by gold seekers, and has a post office, a general store. and a gas station. The U.S. Forest Service's Porcupine Creek Campground (24 sites, picnic tables, tent spaces, and drinking water) is 1.3 miles past the town, and is the logical base for exploring the cave and beach areas below the Gull dock hiking trail. The caves at Hope are small, littoral opnincs f'osmcd along weak joints In the intertidal zone. Because of high tides in Turnagain Arm, it is inperativ~ to be aware of high and low tides before hiking on the beach. Not only does hi~h tide cover the beach and fill many of the caves, but the cliffs alone the bcaeh are quite steep and smooth, with few exceptions. Gull dock Trail is as much as a quarter mile from the beach and as high as 700 feet up. The mountain s$d+s are covered with dense growth of alders, devil's club, spruce, birch, poplar, and fnscets. The beach sand is fairly firm ta walk on but tends to be "quick" in spots. Good hiking boots, a hard hat, and flazhlights are suitable equipment. Mast of the caves run NEJW in the rock, and contain flora and fauna typical of northern intertidal zones, On July 4, 1975, Alice and Chuck Iliff, and Jay, Liz, and lad do~kwell. explored a quarter mile area of bcach near the campground containinc three caves (Surprise, Seashore. Uragon Tongue). Tape measurements and photographs were takez. The weather was ideal for camp in^ and exploring. Cin Saturday (July 5). this same group began hiking along the beach at law tide, again looking at the first 3 csver, then proceedine northhest up the beach. the rock faces contain many cracks, indentations, and fractures, which often can be confused kith actual cave o~~nings from a distance. The rock primarily is Ghugiak grap~acke, with quartz and some calcite intrusions. Some caves show evidence of prospecting attempts to remove the quartz. Halfway Island (see quadrangle map on cover) may be aeees~ible at low tide by rubber boat. There are similar sock features as on the mainland, with the possi4 dm 10 feet Seashore Cave


hili~y 01. more cavsc. 11ftcr t:iping 2z1~r;rr: C:IV~. ;~r.d J~::t;r,i, Jr. Czv, bhich ?t-i= 1 3/5 ~.~ilc= I;>/ ol :il.:n,:nll '1'onf;ue C:~vc i:r:c cgri t~li~rtr ?;or ::':;'(':, t bn the b~ach for .j cC7 1'1 T! to a cli it' l:~c~ cont:iinin{: 5 c;ivcs. :J!! ate luqcn hf 1 *. in thc sun ( la~or. rl:!nl?!r: :hr ar?;, the I,r>t~zt: ~,nvcr,}. inf:rc: j ca-lc:; apj,carrsd LC ha-rc lcrs rockweer! ir~ thr:, ru:~estin~ thdt the CCIV::; 00 ]rot iill cntir~ly :t blr:21 tio~ (tkotlgh the beach bcco-cs i; I ) .9rraCCS of f:rctvc1 On tht f l00I-s cu:;

Contents: New Meeting
Time and Place!!!!! --
Slide Shows on Glacier Grotto!!!!!! --
Editor's Note --
Glacier Grotto Members and Friends --
Chairman's Corner Alaska Cave Area No. 1 --
Spring visit to Gull Rock Caves --
The Caves of Hope.


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