Citation
Alaskan Caver

Material Information

Title:
Alaskan Caver
Series Title:
Alaskan Caver
Alternate Title:
Alaska Caver
Creator:
Pease, Chuck
Publisher:
National Speleological Society (Alaskan Cave Areas Conservation Task Force)
National Speleological Society (Glacier Grotto)
University of Alaska Southeast (School of Arts and Sciences)
Publication Date:
Language:
English

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Regional Speleology ( local )
Genre:
Newsletter
serial ( sobekcm )
Location:
United States

Notes

General Note:
Contents: The TCP's expedition to Mt. Calder, Alaska / Paul Moser -- Mist, Mountains and More: Caving in Alaska / Carol Vesely -- Digital Cartography Workshop -- Map of Faulty Fissure -- Faulty Fissure Cave, Foggy Crawl and Hibernation Hole, reports -- Map of Foggy Crawl Cave -- Map of Hibernation Hole -- Map of Shelter Spring Cave -- Map of Paleo Crawl -- Shelter Spring and Paleo Crawl, reports -- Map of Spelunker's Demise -- Missouri's Buried City.
Restriction:
Open Access - Permission by Author(s)
Original Version:
Vol. 29, no. 3 (2009)
General Note:
See Extended description for more information.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
K26-00302 ( USFLDC DOI )
k26.302 ( USFLDC Handle )
14315 ( karstportal - original NodeID )

USFLDC Membership

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Karst Information Portal

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Serial

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V olume 29, Number 3 July 2009 THE AL ASKAN C A VER

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Back cover: Ben T obin and Bill F ar r standing in the entrance of F aulty F issur e Cave (See ar ticle beginning on page 3).Photo by Car ol V esely F r ont cover: Ben T obin and Bill F ar r hunt for caves in the W rangell Mountains (See ar ticle beginning on page 3). Photo by Car ol V esely (continues on page 12) The T CP's Expedition T o Mt. Calder Alaska, by P aul Moser ----------page 2 Mist, Mountains and Mor e: Caving in Alaska, by Carol V ese Digital Car tography W orkshop -----------------------------------------------page 7 ly -------page 3 Map of F aulty F issur e -----------------------------------------------------------page 8 F aulty F issur e Cave, F oggy Crawl and Hiber nation Hole, r epor ts ---page 9 Map of F oggy Crawl Cave -----------------------------------------------------page 10 Map of Hiber nation Hole ------------------------------------------------------page 10 Map of Shelter Spring Cave ---------------------------------------------------page 11 Map of P aleo Crawl -------------------------------------------------------------page 11 Shelter Spring and P aleo Crawl, r epor ts ------------------------------------page 12 Map of Spelunker ’s Demise ---------------------------------------------------page 18 ----------------------------------------------------------page 19 Missouri’s Buried City The Alaskan Caver V olume 29 No .3 page 2 T A BLE O F CO NTE NTS THE AL ASK AN CA VER EDITOR: Carlene Allr ed General Deliver y T enakee Springs, Alaska 99841 hm: 907 736-2269kevin.allr ed@hotmail.com GL ACIER GROTTO OFFICERS PRESIDENT : David Love PO bo x 240812 Douglas, AK 99824-0812 VICE PRESIDENT : Kevin Allr ed General Deliver y T enakee Springs, Alaska 99841 SECRET AR Y/TREASURER: Rebecca V alentine 11976 N. T ongass Ketchikan, AK 99901 CONSERV A TION: Steve L ewis Bo x 53 T enakee Spr ., AK 99841 tenakeetwo@yahoo .com TONGASS CA VE PROJECT : Steve L ewis Bo x 53 T enakee Spr AK 99841 tenakeetwo@yahoo .com Kevin Allr ed General Deliver y T enakee Springs, Alaska 99841 hm: 907 736-2269kevin.allr ed@hotmail.com P ete Smith waleswood@starband.net THE AL ASK AN CA VER (ISSN 07350481) is the periodic publication of the Glacier Grotto of the National Speleological Society (NSS). Back issues ar e available from the Glacier Grotto secr etar y for $2.50 each. Materials not copyrighted by individuals or by other groups may be used by NSS publications provided cr edit is given to the author and to The Alaskan Caver Opinions ar e not necessarily that of The Alaskan Caver the Glacier Gr otto or the NSS. The editor welcomes contributions such as letters, trip r epor ts, cave r epor ts, photos, car toons, stories, cave maps, etc. Annual dues ar e $15 per individual and $20 per family or organization. The Alaskan Caver is included in the membership fee. F or an additional $8, six The Alaskan Cavers will be sent overseas via air mail. Send dues to the tr easur er NORTH TO AL ASK A Ther e is an old T aoist saying, "the jour ney is the destination." This seemed to be the theme of our e xpedition to Mt. Calder in August of 2008. I could write pages about my adventur e just getting to Alaska – in fact my jour nal proves that – but r eading about hopping around Nor th America is not what I have in mind for this ar ticle. I will say however my first flight in a float plane was quite inter esting. In any course I ar rived safely on a beautiful late evening in Thor ne Bay Alaska on Thursday August 7th. I had dr eamed of Alaska since I was a boy ; a fascination with the wild and a desir e to put myself out into it, to be tested against it, from an early age had been spawned by stories like Hatchet, The Call of the W ild, and My Side of the Mountain. Ther e is e xhilaration in r ealizing cer tain childhood dr eams, a r esuscitation of that youthful e xuberance and wonder that we all should seek out now and then. Ther e I stood on a wooden dock, the smell of the float plane's engines mixing with the fr esh Alaskan air in a way that can only be e xperienced firsthand, as any description would not do it justice. My life list had just grown shor ter and my adventur e had only just begun. The pilot scrambled with unloading and loading packages befor e taking off into the sunset. F rom the dock I r etrieved my packs and was met with a war m smile and a friendly hug from Johanna, our e xpedition leader and a good friend of mine, who quickly shoulder ed my much larger e xpedition bag. W e humped my gear up the shor t ramp to her car and within a few minutes we wer e in the for est ser vice compound. After dropping my packs at the “The Tongass Ca v e P roject's Expedition To Mt. Calder Alask a: A Tag Ca v er's J ourne y" By P aul Moser NSS # 50917

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Ben T obin, K evin and Carlene Allr ed pitch camp at the "lean -to". Photo by Car ol V esely The Alaskan Caver V olume 29 No 3 page 3 Bill F ar r and I wer e e xcited when friends Kevin and Carlene Allr ed invited us on an e xpedition to sear ch for caves in the r emote W rangell/St. Elias National P ark in Alaska, the largest national park in the countr y This would be the first caving e xpedition we had par ticipated in together without our son Brian, since he had been bor n 13 years ago The spectacular r emote, alpine location, the group of fun, high-energy people, and most of all, the oppor tunity to find, e xplor e and document virgin caves, convinced me to have my father fly from the east coast to stay with Brian for two weeks so that we could both par ticipate fully in the e xpedition. The plan was to locate, inventor y and sur vey caves for W rangle/St. Elias National P ark as the first step in an ongoing project to document P ark caves. F or each cave or karst featur e, we wer e to fill out an inventor y sheet, similar to the one that Erin L ynch had developed for the China P roject. P rior to the e xpedition, Brian and I spent ten action -packed days touring Alaska together Then Brian flew home, my father flew to Califor nia to stay with Brian, and Bill ar rived in Alaska in time for the first official day of the e xpedition, August 25, 2008. In Anchorage, all thir teen of us met at the cozy condo of a good caving friend, Jansen Cardy who ser ved as the key suppor t person for the trip. Bill and I decided to splurge and r ent a satellite phone for the twoweek period so that we could keep in touch with Brian, since he would be star ting the school year while we wer e Mist, Mountains and More: Ca ving in Alask a By Carol V esely August-September 2008 still in the backcountr y After the obligator y last minute shopping, the group piled into two vehicles and headed to the park headquar ters with an over night stop at a campground along the way The plan was to divide into two teams to cover mor e ar ea. Ben T obin, Josiah Huestis, Bill and I joined leaders Kevin and Carlene Allr ed on the Hidden V alley team. Meanwhile, Steve L ewis headed up the Nizina group consisting of Johanna Kovarik, Erin L ynch, Kina Smith, Jean Kr ejca, Dan Nolfi and Rob Cadmus. After a day and half of scenic travel, we ar rived at the misty McCar thy airpor t, wher e we spent the night in tents pitched on the edge of the rocky airstrip or in some cases, seeking shelter under the fuselage of the parked planes. W e went to sleep hoping that the ever -pr esent clouds would be high enough to per mit W rangell Mountain Air to fly us to our destinations the following mor ning. In my two-week stay in Alaska up to this point, I had only e xperienced one sunny day Of course, Alaskans ar e accustomed to drizzly weather and the clouds wer e just high enough that the small planes could fly beneath them. W e waved good-by as the Nizina team flew off in two sequential flights in a r elatively spacious four -seater plane. Meanwhile, our team members wer e fer ried individually in a tiny Super Cub with huge balloon tir es necessar y for landing on the shor t, rough air strip at Hidden V alley Both Bill and Kevin got slightly longer flights so that they could photo-document the ar ea and note promising looking leads on the topo map. The scener y was ver y impr essive: rugged hole-pocked limestone cliffs, two roaring springs, the massive Kennicott Glacier and steep color ful fields rising to cloud-topped mountains. All too soon the tiny plane spiraled down into nar row Hidden V alley depositing us on the cobble-filled valley floor devoid of tr ees and sur rounded by rugged mountains. Much to our surprise, we found a tiny lean -to (literally) A -frame and a door less outhouse situated a shor t walk from the airstrip. Although the roof leaked, the lean to did offer protection from the wind, so we decided to use it as a central point for our base camp. Having heard so many grizzly (continues on ne xt page)

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(continues on ne xt page) Hiking up the talus fields in sear ch of caves. Photo by Bill F ar r The big spring, photo by Car ol V esely The Alaskan Caver V olume 29 No 3 page 4 stories, we had happily obliged with the park rules to stor e all of our food in bear canisters. But on the shelves inside the dilapidated shelter we discover ed unmolested bags of fr eeze-dried and other types of food. Clearly if ther e wer e any bears or other hungr y critters around, they hadn't yet developed a taste for human food. Although it seemed somewhat illogical, we continued to stor e all our food in bear cans that we placed about 200 feet away from the lean -to after ever y meal. After establishing camp, we wer e anxious to e xplor e the ar ea. W e divided into thr ee pairs to cover mor e ground. Bill and I headed up the main par t of Hidden V alley alter nating between the cobble-str ewn, braided str eambed and the steep hillsides cover ed with low vegetation and talus. Scrambling uphill from the valley floor we ar rived at a large r esurgence issuing from a walk-in entrance, thus r elocating the only known cave in the local ar eae. It was an impr essivelooking entrance with strong air flow but we wer e not her e to e xplor e known passages, but to find new ones. Through the inter mittent fog, we could catch glimpses of high cliffs with other intriguing holes, but these would have to wait for another day The following day was even mor e chilly rainy and foggy making it ver y difficult to see the cliffs with the holes. The most enticing lead that Bill and Kevin had spotted on the plane flight was a large spring on the south side of Hidden V alley a few miles upstr eam from our camp. W ith this spring as our ultimate goal, Carlene and I headed up valley traversing the steep south slopes and checking leads along the way The steep unstable talus was cover ed with low wet brush and dissected with nar row sapling-choked gullies that made progr ess slow and at times, frustrating. One of the gullies seemed differ ent and mor e promising than the others, at least to me. I suggested that we follow it upslope to the base of a 25 foot-high cliff in the hopes of finding a cave. Carlene and I didn't find a cave entrance, but at least we had a protected spot for lunch. When we finally r eached the spring, we found the water issuing from thr ee places, two of which appear ed to be cave entrances at the base of a shor t cliff face. W ith e xcitement, we scrambled up to the cliff only to discover that the largest amount of water came from a nar row bedding plane crack a few feet inside the mostpromising shelter cave. Neither of the other two springs led to cave passages either but as I made my way back across the cliff face I heard the sound of running water in an air -filled space near some nar row cracks in the cliff W e didn't have time for a mor e through investigation that day In the meantime, the others had found several small caves in the first major side valley on the nor th side of Hidden V alley Ther e wer e still so many holes to check. In an effor t to cover mor e ground, Kevin had made prior ar rangements with the P ark to r elocate half of our group to another ar ea via a larger P ark plane. Since the P ark plane could not land at the small Hidden V alley airstrip, Kevin, Carlene and Josiah loaded up heavy backpacks for a rugged, all-day tr ek to the larger F osse airstrip. Bill and I loaned them our satellite phone so that they would be able to contact the P ark to better coordinate their pick up. That left just Bill, Ben and I in this r emote, trail-less ar ea, cut off from civilization by large glaciers and cliffs on all sides, with no way to MIST ..., continued from page 3

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F aulty F issur e Cave, photo by Bill F ar r Car ol V esely and Ben T obin at the entrance to F aulty F issur e Cave.Photo by Bill F ar r Bill F ar r climbing into a high lead, photo by Car ol V esely (continues on ne xt page) The Alaskan Caver V olume 29 No 3 page 5 MIST ..., continued from page 4 contact the outside world. T ime to look for mor e caves! The rain and fog that had pr evented us from getting a clear view of the ar ea over the last few days had par tially clear ed. W e headed up the major side valley on the nor th side of Hidden V alley Most of the holes that looked so promising from a distance, r evealed themselves to be only frost pockets when viewed up close or in differ ent light. Still ther e was a lot to inventor y and check. One par ticular hole, located about 30-40 feet up the cliff appear ed large enough and dark enough to war rant getting out the rope and climbing gear Bill lead the climb, Ben belayed and I photographed and filled out the inventor y sheet. Placing a few pieces of protection, Bill climbed up a nar row crack to discover a shallow cave with a ledge heading along the cliff on either side. W e checked several other small holes along the base of the same southwest-facing cliff Bill then followed various ledges towards the top of the cliff while Ben and I headed far ther up valley On the way back, I checked and inventoried another hard-to-get-to hole on the opposite side of the valley Meanwhile, Ben r evisited F oggy Crawl Cave and r ediscover ed his sur vey tape that had been accidentally left behind a few days befor e. W ith the low clouds gone for the first time, we wer e able to see across Hidden V a l l e y w h e r e w e n o t i c e d a n i n t r i g u i n g l o o k i n g horizontal gash at the base of a shor t cliff This entrance did not have the standard rounded look of the typical frost pockets that wer e so plentiful in the ar ea. Instead, it looked mor e like an easter n cave, with a long, low entrance and a cobbled dr y str eam bed issuing from it. I noted that it was far ther up the same gully that Carlene and I had checked earlier in the week. The following day Ben, Bill and I headed towards the entrance we had spotted at the end of the

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The Alaskan Caver V olume 29 No 3 page 6 Ben T obin and Bill F ar r check out leads. Photo by Car ol V esely pr evious day W e easily found our way up and around the shor t cliff wher e Carlene and I had tur ned around befor e. The entrance was 8 feet high 20 feet wide and looked as though a small seasonal str eam occasionally followed from it. A hole in the ceiling of the entrance room spiraled upwards to an ice plug. A t the back of the room a nar row fissur e stair -stepped its way up into the mountain. I pushed the last 15 feet of the passage as a constriction made it a bit too tight and twisty for Ben and Bill. Eventually the passage broke into smaller tubes that wer e impassable. W e sur veyed F aulty F issur e Cave, yielding 110 feet of passage and pushed ever y hole befor e r etur ning to base camp. W e awoke to the drone of a small plane and r ealized that a group of hunters had descended on "our" peaceful valley In Alaska, hunting is allowed in por tions of cer tain National P arks, but not in the most sensitive ar eas, r efer r ed to locally as the "hard park". I thought we would have to r elinquish access to the little lean -to cook house, but the hunters established a luxurious tent camp near the airstrip instead. Their pilot and guide brought news of the outside world. He proudly proclaimed that Alaska gover nor Sarah P alin had been selected as John McCain's running mate. He also made it clear that he was not thrilled with our pr esence. Although, ther e wer e only thr ee of us, he was ver y concer ned that we would scar e away the sheep and mountain goats that the hunters sought. Indeed, we had seen goats and sheep in the distance and plenty of droppings up close, par ticularly along the cliffs, but we hiked quietly and never got within a quar ter mile of any significant wildlife. When I asked him about caves and springs, he suggested that we should r etur n in the earlier par t of the year when the vegetation was less dense, (befor e hunting season). I felt that the spring Carlene and I had visited earlier deser ved a r etur n visit, so we headed up valley Based on trial and er ror we now knew the easiest str eam crossings and the most efficient way up the trail-less valley so our progr ess was much faster than earlier in the week. Once at the spring, we could hear water rushing beyond a nar row crack in the cliff face. W e moved a few rocks to stabilize the loose cliff ar ea, but ultimately deter mined that we wer e too big to follow the water into the hillside. W h i l e B i l l a n d B e n c o n t i n u e d investigation of the spring ar ea, I hiked uphill several hundr ed feet to check a lead I had spotted from a distance earlier After a few inter esting moves up a loose rock drainage, I r eached the hole, which had a moss cover ed floor and a small skylight in the back. It obviously ser ved as a water course when the str eam flowed down the gully I inventoried it and heading back to the others. Then we all r etur ned to base camp. The following day we wer e awakened by several gun shots in the distance. The hunting par ty had bagged their prize. W e never actually saw them or their pr ey but they wer e flown out later that day Since our time was limited and we still had so much ground to cover we decided to split our effor ts. Bill and Ben headed up the steep cliffs and hillsides on the nor th side of the valley opposite our camp. I went in sear ch along the major infeeder on the south side of Hidden V alley just downstr eam of camp. As with other places wher e we had ridgewalked earlier this valley had no significant cave featur es near the bottom, but many MIST ..., continued from page 5 Double rainbow over Hidden V alley Photo by Bill F ar r (continues on ne xt page)

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The Alaskan Caver V olume 29 No 3 page 7 MIST ..., continued from page 5 P ar ticipants fr om lef t: Steve L ewis, Johanna K ovarik Gwen Her r ewig and Carlene Allr ed. Nick Olmstead is to the right, and just out of the pictur e. Photo by K. Allr ed. by Carlene Allr ed D igital Cartograph y Workshop enticing holes along its steep sides and cliffs. I climbed up to two of the most promising-looking ones and inventoried them. F rom my vantage point, high along the east side of the valley I could see upstr eam a long way The valley became broader and flatter; the gently -rolling ter rain cover ed with low vegetation with ver y few rock outcrops. I scanned the ar ea with my binoculars, but nothing cried "cave" from my vantage point. It was late, so r eluctantly I headed back through the drizzle to camp. Carlene, Kevin and Josiah had ar rived full of tales of their adventur es. The P ark plane had not been able to land at the F osse airstrip, because it was too soggy F or tunately the F osse ar ea itself had plenty of inter esting caves and featur es to document, including a 150 footdeep pit with fantastic ice for mations! W ith so much to do in the F osse ar ea, they wished they had been able to contact us to tell us to join them. On the last day Bill and I headed up the nor thtr ending side valley to the glacier and mountains beyond. Ther e we found a fantastic ice bridge and nearby a hole in the ice wher e the water drained. W e wer e not equipped to push this unstable-looking hole. As we ate lunch near but not under the ice bridge, large chunks of ice wer e continually br eaking loose and crashing to the ground. It was a beautiful, but unstable place. W e packed up camp early the ne xt day for the flight back. Although it had rained at least par t of ever y day on our trip, we wer e thankful that the cloud cover was high enough for the small plane to fly Back at the McCar thy airstrip, we met up with the other team. The highlight of their trip had been a "sur vivor -type" bonding e xperience in which they all built a tyrolean traverse to cross a swiftflowing river near their camp. Although, no one had found any giant "going" caves, both groups had inventoried dozens of cave and karst featur es for the P ark. Jansen met us with the van for the long drive back, with a stop at the P ark office to copy all of our notes and hand in our infor mation. All in all, it was a fun and successful trip. On Mar ch 19 through 21 a small group of cavers gather ed in T enakee Springs, a tiny town on Chichagof Island, to par ticipate in a digital cave map car tography sharing workshop. P ar ticipants included G w e n H e r r e w i g N i c k O l m s t e a d S t e v e L e w i s Johanna Kovarik and myself F or our lear ning sessions we crowded ourselves, each equipped with a laptop computer and makeshift table, into the tiny living room of the Allr edsÂ’ cabin that we wer e r enting from Steve and Rachel. Our purpose was to shar e what we knew amongst ourselves and to get the beginners off to a hopefully positive star t. Data to r educe was some g a t h e r e d d u r i n g l a s t s u m m e r Â’ s A l a s k a n c a v i n g e x p e d i t i o n s T h e c o m p u t e r p r o g r a m s e x a m i n e d included Compass, Cor el Draw Adobe Illustrator Auriga and later Inkscape. W e studied data entr y and line plotting, pr eliminar y pencil drafting versus drawing dir ectly from notes onto the computer impor ting line plots into draw programs, use of symbols, basic use of the draw programs, blending colors and many mor e subjects. Between car tography sessions we enjoyed soaking in the community geother mal hot tub. Other activities included attending the F ir eman Â’s Ball and boating/hiking out to Steve and RachelÂ’s homestead Bill F ar r and the ice bridge, photo by Car ol V esely

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The Alaskan Caver V olume 29 No 3 page 8 Photo by Bill Farr F AUL TY FISSURE WRANGELL-SAINT ELIAS NA TIONAL P ARK ALASKA Surveyed with compass, clinometer and tape September 1, 2008 by Carol V esely Ben T obin and Bill Farr Map by C. V esely and C. Allred. Surveyed length: 1 10 feet 33.5 meters Surveyed vertical extent: 16 feet (4.9 meters) ( ) T ONGASS CA VE PROJECT PROFILE PLAN Entrance 0 datum 0 datum Entrance 0 20 feet 10 0 meters 5 ice popcorn ice flow too tight too tight too tight air and ice coming out of fracture N Nm 21.9 2008 LEGEND passage wallslope (splays downward)vertical dropchange in ceiling heightbedrock floorrock fillvegetation 5 15 10 -5 0 datum C 2009 by Carlene Allred feet

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The Alaskan Caver V olume 29 No 3 page 9 DESCRIPTION F aulty F issur e Cave was discover ed on August 31, 2008 by Ben T obin, Carol V esely and Bill F ar r It was sur veyed by them on Sept. 1, 2008. The entrance is located at the base of a 35 foot high Chitistone Limestone cliff A dr y str eambed heads downhill from the entrance. The cave floor consists of small br eakdown. A slight draft of cold air comes out of the cave, and ther e is evidence that some water r esurged in the past. After entering the large 27 foot wide by eight foot high entrance, the broad passage leads over br eakdown to a 20 foot high chimney near the middle of the room. This chimney contains some ice popcor n. Flow ice and a draft of air was coming out of a too tight fractur e. T o the east of the chimney is a small alcove. The main passage continues another 20 feet past a place in the floor wher e water sinks and then to a dead end. Just befor e the back, another chimney/climb heads up to the west. This is a 15 foot climb c o n t a i n i n g s m a l l c a v e c o r a l s p e l e o t h e m s ( b r a n c h i n g popcor n) which leads to a horizontal passage containing several side branches which all become too tight. MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDA TIONS As F aulty F issur e Cave is ver y r emote, it is not likely to be impacted by much if any visitation. P rospects ar e poor to e xtend the cave. Refer ences: Carol V esely 2008 inventor y sheet. Ben T obin, 2008 cave inventor y sheet, Carol V esely 2008 cave sur vey notes. DESCRIPTION F oggy Crawl Cave is located on the nor th side of Hidden Cr eek. It was discover ed and sur veyed on August 28, 2008 by Josiah Huestis and Ben T obin. The cave is a small hole in the last set of lower cliffs befor e major moraines. It is for med in Chitistone Limestone. The cave is a simple s-shaped horizontal passage that snakes nearly 20 feet (6.02 meters) until becoming too tight. A rodent nest was noted about 15 feet (five meters) into the cave. A possible moth lar vae was found in the floor rocks about 12 feet (four meters) in. The paleo flow of this cave during its development was inward judging from scallops. No air flow was r epor ted. MANAGEMENT REOMMENDA TIONS No special management is needed for this cave. DESCRIPTION On August 28, 2008, Josiah Huestis and Ben T obin discover ed and sur veyed Hiber nation Hole. F or med in Chitistone Limestone, Hiber nation Hole e xtends to the west only 23.2 (7.1 meters). Nearly horizontal, despite e xtensive frost shattering, the cave appears to have phr eatic origins. The cave r etains roughly the same dimensions most of it's length from the thr ee foot high and five foot wide entrance. BIOL OG Y Hiber nation Hole has been used in the past as a hiber nacula, judging from numerous bear bones scatter ed in and on the floor sediments. A depr essed bear bed had been e xcavated near the back of the cave. Ben T obin r emoved a small fragment of bone for dating through the University of Alaska Juneau. It was dated by Beta Analytic Inc. of Miami Florida as between 1650 and 1890 AD. The cave could have mor e potential to provide some insight as to at least one window of deglaciation in the ar ea. No inver tebrates wer e noted. MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDA TIONS Though seemingly insignificant, Hiber nation Hole has the potential of being a significant paleontological time capsule. The location should r emain confidential and the cave protected under the F ederal Cave Resour ce P rotection Act of 1988. WRANGELL-ST ELIAS NA TIONAL P ARK, AL ASK A TONGASS CA VE PROJECT P r eliminar y Repor t #WS12 by Kevin Allr ed F eb. 11, 2009 F AUL TY FISSURE CA VE WRANGELL-ST ELIAS NA TIONAL P ARK, AL ASK A TONGASS CA VE PROJECT P r eliminar y Repor t #WS11 by Kevin Allr ed July 7, 2009 HIBERNA TION HOLE WRANGELL-ST ELIAS NA TIONAL P ARK, AL ASK A TONGASS CA VE PROJECT P r eliminar y Repor t #WS15 by Kevin Allr ed F eb. 9, 2009 FOGGY CRA WL CA VE

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The Alaskan Caver V olume 29 No 3, page 10 PROFILE entrance nest 0 datum too tight too tight FOGGY CRA WL CA VE WRANGELL-SAINT ELIAS NA TIONAL P ARK ALASKA Surveyed with compass, clinometer and tape August 28, 2008 by Josiah Huestis and Ben T obin. Map by K. and C. Allred. Surveyed length: 19.7 feet (6.02 meters) Surveyed vertical extent: 1.4 feet (.45 meters) T ONGASS CA VE PROJECT PLAN 0 datum entrance paleo direction from scallops 10 feet 5 0 meters 5 20 0 C 2008 by Carlene Allred nest LEGEND passage wallrock fillsilt or dirt fill slope (splays downward) opening in wall entrance dripline in out Nm 21.9 2008 N 10 feet 5 0 meters 5 20 0 C 2009 by Carlene Allred HIBERNA TION HOLE WRANGELL-SAINT ELIAS NA TIONAL P ARK ALASKA Surveyed length: 23.2 feet (7.1 meters) T ONGASS CA VE PROJECT Surveyed with compass, clinometer and tape August 28, 2008 by J. Huestis and B. T obin. Map by K. and C. Allred. PLAN entrance PROFILE entrance LEGEND passage wallrock and finer sediment fill slope (splays downward) entrance driplinechange in ceiling heightmajor bear bone locations including partial skull, teeth and partial femur sky higher Nm 21.9 2008 N

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The Alaskan Caver V olume 29 No 3 page 11 SHEL TER SPRING CA VE WRANGELL-SAINT ELIAS NA TIONAL P ARK ALASKA Surveyed with compass, clinometer and tape August 28, 2008 by J. Huestis and B. T obin. Map by K. and C. Allred. Surveyed length: 14.3 feet (4.4 meters) T ONGASS CA VE PROJECT C 2009 by Carlene Allred 10 feet 5 0 meters 5 20 0 PLAN entrance spring PROFILE entrance spring LEGEND passage wallrock fill slope (splays downward) entrance dripline sky Nm 21.9 2008 N Photo by Josiah Huestis PLAN too tight paleo flow direction indicated from scallops on walls rodent nest entrance C 2009 by Carlene Allred P ALEO CRA WL WRANGELL-SAINT ELIAS NA TIONAL P ARK ALASKA Surveyed with compass, clinometer and tape August 27, 2008 by B. T obin. Map by K. and C. Allred. Surveyed length: 16.5 feet (5 meters ) T ONGASS CA VE PROJECT PROFILE too tight entrance rodent nest LEGEND passage wallrock and rubble fill slope (splays downward) entrance driplinechange in ceiling height sky higher Nm 21.9 2008 N 10 feet 5 0 meters 5 20 0 photo by Josiah Huestis

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The Alaskan Caver V olume 29 No 3, page 12 ALASKA 0 100 Kilometers PRINCE OF W ALES ISLAND P ACIFIC OCEAN MOUNT CALDER ...MT CALDER..., continued from page 2 DESCRIPTION P aleo Crawl Cave was sur veyed and discover ed by Ben T obin and Josiah Huestis on August 27, 2008. Located at the base of a Chitistone Limestone cliff above a high steep slope on the nor th side of Hidden V alley the cave is just west of "Double Spring", which issues from under a small overhang. The ar ched entrance is about 2.2 feet (.7 meters) wide by 3.3 feet (1 meter) high. It contains dripping water and a small rodent nest in an alcove on the east side. The cave becomes too tight after only 16.5 feet (5.05 meters). MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDA TIONS No special management should be needed for this cave. WRANGELL-ST ELIAS NA TIONAL P ARK, AL ASK A TONGASS CA VE PROJECT P r eliminar y Repor t #WS14 by Kevin Allr ed F eb. 9, 2009 P ALEO CRA WL CA VE DESCRIPTION Shelter Spring Cave was discover ed and sur veyed by Ben T obin and Josiah Huestis on Sept. 28, 2008. It is at the top of some talus and base of a cliff The cave appears to have for med principally by frost action wher e the spring emerges from the bedrock. Dir ectional popcor n can be found inside. Most of the cave is open to the outside as a wide overhang, but at the souther n end the spring emerges from the back of a shor t passageway T otal sur vey was 4.55 meters (14.9 feet). MANAGEMENT RECOMMENDA TIONS Shelter Spring is not likely to ever be visited again or impacted by the public. WRANGELL-ST ELIAS NA TIONAL P ARK, AL ASK A TONGASS CA VE PROJECT P r eliminar y Repor t #19 by Kevin Allr ed F eb. 11, 2009 SHEL TER SPRING CA VE bunk house we made the shor t walk to Johanna's apar tment wher e I had the pleasur e to meet the r est of the e xpedition members. Johanna's apar tment in the F or est Ser vice compound had an amazing view of Thor ne Bay The evening sun seemed to hang in the amber glow of a summer sunset for hours, allowing one to view the float planes landing and taking off upon the still water of the bay I briefly called home and wished my wife, Jade goodnight – for it was late at night in T ennessee, though the sun was just setting in Alaska – befor e r etur ning to the group to introduce myself Dan Monteith, who was leaving the e xpedition, was a pleasur e to become acquainted with. The only other member of the team that I had not met befor e was Carl Ber n, a Colorado caver and mountaineer who was a powerhouse when in the alpine on Mt. Calder The r emaining members of the group included Andr ea Croskr ey an e xperienced e xpedition caver I first met at South P ittsburg P it after the 2005 T AG F all Cave-in; and Dan Nolfi, another caver with e xpedition e xperience whom I had caved several times. Dan was also the only other member from the T AG ar ea. Concluding our team was Johanna Kovarik, fier y r edhead, steadfast e xpedition leader and a good friend. (continues on ne xt page)

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The Alaskan Caver V olume 29 No 3 page 13 Mt. Calder when the weather is pleasant. Photo fr om the P anoramia website, by Gogrimm. Johanna I also met after the 2005 T AG F all Cave-in. She had r etur ned to T AG a few months later with her grotto and I had the pleasur e of leading the group through a few caves in my ar ea. Over the past few years Johanna, Dan Nolfi, and I found ourselves caving together in T AG and also at the Cave Resear ch F oundation (CRF) Expeditions in Cumberland Gap National Historic P ark, Kentucky F or a few of us, this evening was about catching up on old times, and for the r est of the group, beginning to make new memories with new friends. W e all shar ed stories over Dan Monteith's awesome homemade pizzas and loosened our tongues with margaritas, my specialty I am a T AG caver so margaritas come naturally to me. It was either the tequila or the e xcitement of the adventur e to come that kept us awake late into the night and well into the early mor ning. F inally the lack of sleep took its hold and I dragged my wear y feet across the darkened F or est Ser vice compound to my room in the bunk house. Surprisingly sleep did not immediately follow and I lay awake pondering the day's events. My first day in Alaska was behind me and I knew a big day of pr eparing gear would be her e earlier than I would like. I looked for ward to the ne xt day and that week with hope and e xcitement, but my mind's eye also couldn't help but focus on the longing only a man with a family left behind could understand: if all went well, it would be over a week befor e I saw them again; as with any e xpedition, and especially an Alaskan e xpedition, ther e was, of course, the possibility that all would not go well. APPROACHING MOUNT CALDER The ne xt mor ning, August the 8th was primarily spent pr eparing gear and packing up Johanna's little SUV and "The W olverine". The W olverine was an old model Suburban with its characteristic moniker painted across the bug shield, which had been r ented from local caver P at T ier ney After printing aerial photos of Mt. Calder and double checking the tir e pr essur e in the vehicles, we loaded up and embarked towards the nor th end of P rince of W ales Island in the early after noon summer sun. Our destination for the day was Memorial Beach, the nor ther n ter minus of the island and located just east of Mt. Calder The drive along the e xtensive F or est Ser vice-maintained roads that crisscross the T ongass National F or est took about four hours and I saw some of the densest for est that I have ever e xperienced. It was along this drive that I was first introduced to salmon ber ries, which look like huge blackber ries that can either be yellow or r ed in color I also had the pleasur e of e xperiencing thimble ber ries, a sweet r ed ber r y along with a large amount of blueber ries. After a few hours of traveling the dusty roads and the occasional ber r y stop, we ar rived at Memorial Beach as dusk approached. F rom the parking ar ea, a shor t hike through a stand of massive spruce led us to one of the best campsites I have ever seen. W ithin the shelter of the primordial spruce stand was an incr edible campsite cover ed in a thick moss that felt like a mattr ess when walked upon. One would only have to hop across a few bleached driftwood logs to r each the pebble stone beach and the gentle waves of the salty P acific. Killer whales could be heard and seen spouting a few hundr ed feet from shor e. W e ar rived to a spectacular sunset that, in true Alaskan fashion, linger ed longer than seemed possible, enough for us to e xhaust our need to captur e the magical scene in digital for m and also enable us to set camp. W e then roasted some delicious bratwurst in the fading glow of the setting sun on a driftwood fir e still blazing from the group that had left as we ar rived. These delicious brats wer e accompanied by some welcome ale from the Alaskan Br ewing Company As night fell our spirits rose and the stor ytelling became mor e elaborate, mor e enter taining. A t some point I noticed a strange glow emanating from the night sky over the bay T o our delight we began holding witness to one of natur e's most spectacular scenes: the Aurora Bor ealis flar ed to life in a vibrant blue gr een above Memorial Bay just above the humpback whales playing in the water below a sight I will never forget. As the scene faded and the night gr ew late we r etir ed to enjoy the mossy ear th APPROACHING MOUNT CALDER (continues on ne xt page) ...MT CALDER..., continued from page 12

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The Alaskan Caver V olume 29 No 3 page 14 beneath our tents and I to my jour nal, as would become my nightly ritual for the r emainder of the e xpedition. The following day we awoke to a fog that had cr ept in during the night. The low ceiling made it impossible for the helicopter that we wer e to meet at L aboucher e Bay After waiting for most of the mor ning, Johanna made the call to hold until the ne xt day W e decided not to waste the day and ridge walked a lower ridge of Mt. Calder that looked promising. T o bushwhack through bor eal rainfor est is an e xperience in itself Between the devil's club and dense undergrowth a feeling of timelessness cr eeps upon you. The for est floor is crisscrossed by numerous ancient game trails that at times ar e the easiest if not only means of travel. Ther e seemed to be leads with ever y glance yet none upon closer e xamination yielded anything wor th note. While Carl and I made our way back to the "W olverine", Johanna came over the radio that she, Dan, and Andr ea located two caves; the first was located at the base of a cliff and the other was small slot to a 15 foot drop. Other than the few leads that wer e found the main catch of the day was a blueber r y branch I snagged, which yielded a full liter of blueber ries that we decided would be per fect for some blueber r y pancakes the ne xt mor ning. That night, unfor tunately we wer e not blessed with the Aurora Bor ealis, but we did get to behold yet another wonder of natur e: as Carl washed for bed in the cold pacific he was stunned to notice the water when agitated by his hands and the gentle lapping of the waves upon the pebble stones of the beach would sparkle and glow a blue-gr een light. W e all spent the ne xt hour or so mar veling at the phospholuminescent algae. By the time we all stumbled back into bed our hands and feet wer e numb from the frigid water but we wer e grateful to have been able to e xperience the natural wonders of the past two nights. The ne xt day was Sunday August 10th and our last chance to get up Mt. Calder The mor ning star ted early with blueber r y pancakes and we pr epar ed the gear for the helicopter ride in the early mor ning sunlight. It was Calder or bust and when we saw our window we did not waste time. Johanna made the call on the radio and we drove the shor t distance to L aboucher e Bay to the r endezvous spot. The heli ar rived shor tly and within the hour we had all been briefed on how the operation would take place. W e would go up in four flights. Johanna and Dan would go first scouting a spot for our base camp and doing quick r econ. The ne xt flight would be the r emainder of the team. The third flight would have an inter nal load of gear that we would unload ...MT CALDER..., continued from page 13 (continues on ne xt page) quickly so the heli could r etur n with the sling load. After that we would be on our own. Ever ything went smoothly and befor e long we wer e listening to the fading 'whomp-whomp' of the chopper blades as our last connection to the r est of the world disappear ed into the horizon. L A YING SEIGE TO THE MOUNT AIN W e had originally planned to set up camp on the summit of Mt. Calder but due to limited visibility high winds, and time we got as far as a muskeg, which is basically an alpine swamp, only par tially up the mountain. W e set up camp and with the few hours of day light left and the weather still fairly decent we humped some gear up a steep slope to an alpine scrub ridge which snaked its way towards the summit. This was to become our mor ning ritual climb for the r emainder of our time on Calder The alpine scrub was dense and the ridge was nar row and e xposed on one side by a huge ver tical cliff a few thousand feet tall bottomed, by a massive scr ee bowl. The other side was steep and densely for ested. The ridge for med a horseshoe around a glacial scr ee bowl. On one side was our camp and on the other rose the summit of Mt. Calder The ridge was riddled with karst topography Unfor tunately the fr eeze-thaw action of the Alaskan climate had worked its magic on the massive block of limestone that for med Mt. Calder and clogged most of the holes with debris. The ter rain was e xtr emely slow to navigate, mostly cover ed with alpine L A YING SEIGE TO THE MOUNT AIN

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The Alaskan Caver V olume 29 No 3 page 15 scrub hiding numerous holes that wer e quick to swallow anyone not paying proper attention to the ground beneath their feet. Retur ning to camp that night we held a r enewed r espect for the mountain we had laid siege to T omor row our work would r eally begin. A t some point during that first night the rain began. Not a downpour or a tor r ent, but a light rain which was little mor e than a mist. This, however was deceiving. The rain would continue for the r emainder of the e xpedition. Befor e long ever ything was completely soaked through. The only r elief from the wet chill was late at night in our sleeping bags, and even then we wer e still slightly damp. Awakening that first mor ning on Mt Calder was an e xperience. My feet and hands wer e swollen but slowly I rose to the dampness that would become my life for the ne xt few days. Slogging over from our various cor ners of the muskeg to the cook ar ea, the team begun to boil water for a few cups of coffee apiece and then for four or five packets of instant oatmeal and maybe some hot chocolate. Over this simple, filling meal the agenda for the day was discussed. After ward we collected the food we would need for the day befor e r epacking ever ything into the giant food bags and r e-hanging them in the tr ee to keep out the bears, which wer e always at the back of our minds. As can be e xpected the mor ning routine was punctuated by trips to the latrine w h i c h I h a d t h a n k f u l l y d u g along with Johanna m y f a i t h f u l super visor the first day at camp befor e the rain had begun. Befor e long we organized and o u r s o d d e n f e e t stomped their way u p t h e h i l l a mountain itself back i n T A G w h i c h loomed above our camp. F rom ther e we followed our trail from the evening befor e past the numerous holes that wer e all to fr equent. W e emerged from the bor eal for est to a stinging cold mist that gr eeted us as we summated the ridge and past the open air pit we had noticed the pr evious day Our par ty trudged slowly and wound our way along a knife edge ridge flanked only by a mist that hid the thousands of feet of sheer ver tical limestone wall to the scr ee bowl below Eventually we made our way to an obstacle we had named the evening befor e. The 'Hillar y Step' rose like a giant shoulder of rock blocking our alr eady tr eacherous path. W e had named the obstacle for a similar obstacle located on Mount Ever est. Beyond this we e xperienced mor e of the same alpine scrub but with mor e room to wander as the ridge had widened and was now punctuated by bar e rock and sinks. A t this point the weather worsened and our spirits fell. W e decided to stash a large amount of rope and gear at a small depr ession offering at least a minimum of protection from the wind for an advance base camp on the following day F rom her e we made a d e c i s i o n t o r e t r e a t d o w n t h e m o u n t a i n w h i l e investigating new ground for caves via a scr ee slide into to scr ee bowl below and over to our camp. This was a slow and tedious process as the slope was e xtr emely steep and the scr ee was loose enough that many times an er rant stone would tumble only to gain momentum and other stones that painted a vivid pictur e on what would happen if we wer e to follow the same fate. The debris at the bottom a few thousand feet below w a s e v i d e n c e e n o u g h t h a t t h e possibility of a large slide was all too r eal. D a n a n d C a r l checked a shor t lead that did not go and we pr eceded down t h e s l i d e i n t o t h e bowl below Upon r eaching the edge of the bowl we began our traverse towards our camp. A t one point we crossed a large snow pack that r e s e m b l e d a s m a l l glacier On the other side of this obstacle a small opening was spotted above us. Carl, Andr ea, and Johanna went to investigate wher e they sur vey a shor t horizontal cave around 50 ft in length. Meanwhile, Dan and I traversed the horseshoe shaped glacial scr ee bowl toward a lead that we had ...MT CALDER..., continued from page 14 (continues on ne xt page)

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The Alaskan Caver V olume 29 No 3 page 16 F un with Miss P iggy a bright orange 320 foot length of PMI r ope, at Jolly R ancher P it. Photo by Johanna K ovarik spotted on the far wall. W e moved with gr eat tr epidation as the slope began to steepen and the scr ee began to loosen. A t one point, ver y close to the lead, the slope became so steep that our progr ess had become a series of digging out footholds and then sliding down, loosing most of what we had gained. I also noticed with incr eased anxiety that the e xposur e had also incr eased. I finally r eached the lead which r evealed itself to be a small alcove five feet in length. Disappointed, I star ted the slow process of r etur ning back to Dan's position. Slowly step after step I cr ept my way down. Suddenly I was face first, spr ead eagle, twirling down the slope. Luckily after 30 feet I came to stop. Rising wide eyed I looked at Dan who made mention that it would be a r eally gr eat idea if we got moving now I agr eed. W e car efully picked our way down and over to another lead that would need mor e bolting gear than we had. A t this point the r est of the group joined Dan and I. W e proceeded to descend the r emainder of the scr ee slope to the for est below only stopping briefly to let Carl inspect a known cave near the edge of the for est. The last rays of light disappear ed befor e we r etur ned to camp that night. W e wer e like waterlogged zombies drifting through the muskeg, our motions deliberate but without zeal. After the war mth of r ehydrated dinners and hot drink war med our bones our spirits raised and so in tur n we raised spirits to our lips with hot T ang and V odka, an e xpedition favorite. W e soon r etur ned to our r espective tents and to the pseudo dr yness of our sleeping bags. Each night we r etur ned to camp – usually in the dark – a cold, wet, ragged band. Shivering and numb, our fingers and feet wrinkled and pale, we still had to r ecover the food bag and stove befor e we could even think about pr eparing a meal. The entir e team worked quickly and with an efficiency only a group of cold, tir ed, hungr y people can muster in such weather: we knew that ther e was hot food and drink to be had, and that after we could r emove our cold soggy layers and bur row into a sleeping bag. Despite ever ything else, or perhaps in spite of it, our dinners wer e quite delicious. P ackets of fr eeze dried far e – which is labeled for two but it seems only if you'r e on emergency rations – we boiled in water and then held under our wet clothes ne xt to our chests for the war mth. After eating we usually made hot tang or other hot beverages. On the r eally cold nights we made bunny bottles, Nalgene bottles filled with hot water that you keep in your sleeping bag for war mth. I kept a dr y set of wool under wear to put on befor e slipping into my sleeping bag; while the thought of wool under wear generally sounds a little uncomfor table, perhaps even itchy after a day in the wet and cold having war m, dr y gar ments to slip on befor e sleep was an unimaginable luxur y Awaking each mor ning only to clad ourselves in the soaking wet gear from the day befor e was far from enjoyable. After five days on the mountain ever y stitch of clothing I had was soaked and stunk like old gym clothes. However even though our packs wher e heavy and the numerous layers of clothing weighed us down, our spirits r emained high. On T uesday August 12th we awoke to our sodden paradise. After the mor ning routine we trudged our way up the hill like dwar ves to the mine. Ther e was a little mor e life in our step though because we had all come to the r ealization that an advance base camp was not plausible under the cur r ent weather conditions. This r evelation had lifted a gr eat burden from our shoulders as we wer e all dr eading at least to some degr ee the idea of sur viving a night high on the mountain wet and coldand without r eprieve. On r etur ning to our advance base camp cache our newly emboldened r esolve spur r ed Dan and Carl to make a last dash toward the summit while Andr ea, Johanna, and I r etur ned to map a cave we had noticed close by The entrance to this cave was filled mostly with a large snow pack which made the cave even colder The ...MT CALDER..., continued from page 15 (continues on ne xt page)

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The Alaskan Caver V olume 29 No 3 page 17 ...MT CALDER..., continued from page 14 cave tur ned out to be only 35 feet in length with a small amount of bones noted within. Shor tly Dan and Carl r etur ned humbled as we all wer e by Mt. Calder in the rages of a southeast Alaskan stor m. W e made our way back towards camp stopping twice; once to check a karst featur e with a ver y cool canyon entrance, and to stash gear at an open air pit we wer e to sur vey the ne xt day On our last full day on Calder we sur veyed the pit close to camp, a cold 50 footer that we had to bolt and was almost entir ely filled with a column of snow This would be nothing special back home, but few if any T AG pits ar e filled mostly with a large column of snow or located in such a r emote ar ea. While we wer e busy with this, Johanna and Dan located another pit on the souther n slope of Calder which tur ned out to be a 70 foot classic we dubbed Jolly Rancher P it in honor of the piece of candy Johanna hadgiven me befor e I made the first descent. The weather had beaten us down and we knew we wer e not going to make it to our objective. W e had planned on getting to the summit ar ea wher e a 100 foot pit named "Chopper Bopper" with good ver tical leads had been pr eviously located. This ar ea was scouted by Johanna and Dan on the way up in the heli and had numerous large sinks, all of which we wer e unable to r each due to the inclement weather All the activity mentioned above occur r ed at the top of thr ee thousand foot limestone slab that comprises the majority of Mt. Calder and from the natur e of the ter rain, how many possibilities we saw and how little we wer e able to fully e xplor e, I believe we only scratched the sur face of Calder's potential and many mor e discoveries ar e yet to be had. A t the ends of the ear th ever y e xperience is heightened – pancakes taste better company is mor e amiable, caves ar e, if this is even possible, somehow mor e alluring. F or many of us, that sense of wildness is what lur ed us underground in the first place. THE L ONG TRIP HOME On the mor ning we wer e to leave Mt. Calder the weather did not clear and the helicopter was unable to r etrieve us or our gear W e made the decision to pack out only our essentials and leave the r emainder of our gear on the mountain. W e bushwhacked down until finally r eaching an old logging road which we followed to Johanna's stashed vehicle. W e r etrieved "The W olverine" at L eboucher e Bay and made quick time back to Thor ne Bay only to find out that no flights wer e leaving the island. I had no THE L ONG TRIP HOME way back to Ketchikan or my flight to Seattle. That flight was cancelled as well, so it matter ed little that I could not make my way to Ketchikan. The true hassle took place over the ne xt several hours arguing with airlines tr ying to find some way to get back home. The r emainder of the e xpedition team had to pr epar e for a Rescue workshop as best they could, since most of their gear was still soaking up on Mt. Calder F inally the ne xt day on F riday August 15th the weather clear ed a bit and Johanna got a call that they had a flight r eady for me, but I had to be at the dock in fifteen minutes or the plane would leave without me. Luckily my bag was alr eady packed and I had taken the oppor tunity the night befor e to get a well deser ved shower and to wash my clothes in the F or est Ser vice Bunk house. I hur ried through goodbyes that wer e scar cely adequate at e xpr essing all that our team had shar ed and endur ed over those days on the mountain, then hopped on the float plane back to civilization – or as near to it as one can find in Alaska. In Ketchikan I met a local caver named Bruce White who was nice enough to let me stay at his house until I found a flight back home. I was able to do a little sea kayaking at the White's home as they have a wonder ful cabin right on the water Mr White is not only a caver but a fisher man who owns several boats and to my delight several fr eezers stocked with fish. On the day that I left Bruce gave me a large bag full of fish that I and my family hear tily enjoyed. It took two mor e days until I made it home to T ennessee wher e I was elated to be happily gr eeted by my wonder ful wife and childr en that I had missed ter ribly When I look back on the jour ney and all the places I saw along the way I r ealize the truth in that old T aoist saying. Though we did not complete our initial objective, I by no means consider the trip a failur e; quite the opposite, in fact, I would call it a monumental success. F or nearly a week ther e e xisted only ourselves and the mountain, and she per mitted us a glimpse at some of her wonders. All in all, the jour ney was the destination. Editor's Notes: The tough cavers on this e xpedition hacked out over 40 kilometers of hiking apiece through thick vegetation in mountainous countr y with heavy loads over the four days up on Mt Calder – locating five virgin caves in wind driven rain and cold mist. The Calder ar ea still calls from Nor th P rince of W ales Island with plenty of limestone left to investigate! The e xpedition would like to acknowledge the Dogwood City Grotto the T ongass Cave P roject of the NSS, and the NSS Sara Cor rie Memorial F und for e xpedition funding. Logistical suppor t was provided by Backpacker's P antr y Bruce White, NSS #39223, and P at T ier ney NSS #33898. Thanks to all!

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The Alaskan Caver V olume 29 No 3 page 18

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The Alaskan Caver V olume 29 No 3 page 19 Published: April 9, 1885 Copyright The New Y ork T imes

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Address Service Requested The Alaskan Caver c/o Carlene Allr ed Gen. Del.T enakee Springs, AK 99841


Description
Contents: The TCP's
expedition to Mt. Calder, Alaska / Paul Moser --
Mist, Mountains and More: Caving in Alaska / Carol Vesely
--
Digital Cartography Workshop --
Map of Faulty Fissure --
Faulty Fissure Cave, Foggy Crawl and Hibernation Hole,
reports --
Map of Foggy Crawl Cave --
Map of Hibernation Hole --
Map of Shelter Spring Cave --
Map of Paleo Crawl --
Shelter Spring and Paleo Crawl, reports --
Map of Spelunker's Demise --
Missouri's Buried City.