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Association of Mexican Cave Studies newsletter

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Title:
Association of Mexican Cave Studies newsletter
Series Title:
Association of Mexican Cave Studies Newsletter (1965-1977)
Creator:
Association for Mexican Cave Studies
Publisher:
Association for Mexican Cave Studies
Publication Date:
Language:
English

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Subjects / Keywords:
Regional Speleology ( local )
Genre:
serial ( sobekcm )
Location:
Mexico

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General Note:
Contents: News and Notes -- Short Stories -- Conservation -- Part 1. Trip Reports -- Various caves in the Sierra de El Abra. S. L. P. -- Caves along the Inter-American Highway -- Ahuacatlan, Queretaro -- Sotano de La Joya de Salas, Rancho La Joya, Tamps. -- Pazo de Gavilan. N. L. -- Cueva de Constantin. Espinazo, N. L. -- Heya de Zimapan. Tamuln, S. L. P. -- Ahuacatlan, Queretaro -- Cd. Valles, S. L. P. -- Hoya de Zimapin. Sotano de Los Lores. Sotano del Arroyo, -- Nacimiento del Rio Chay, S. L. P.
Restriction:
Open Access - Permission by Publisher
Original Version:
Vol. 3, no. 3 (1971)
General Note:
See Extended description for more information.

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University of South Florida Library
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University of South Florida
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K26-00467 ( USFLDC DOI )
k26.467 ( USFLDC Handle )
4663 ( karstportal - original NodeID )

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ASSOCIATIONFORMEXICANCAVESTUDIESNEWSLETTERNEWSANDNOTESSHORTSTORIESCONSERVATIONTRIPREPORTSVariouscavesintheSierradeElAbra,S .L.P,CavesalongtheInter-AmericanHighwayAhuacatkan,QueretaroSotanodeL aJoyadeSalas R anchoLaJ oya, T amps.P o z o d e G avilan.N L .Cuevad e C onstantin.Espinazo.N .L .HoyadeZ i mapan.Tamufn. S .L.P ,Ahuacatlan.Queretaroca .Valles,S.L P .HoyadeZimapan,SotanodeLosLoros,SOtanodelArroyo,Nacimientod elR{ oChoy.s .L.p .VolumeIIINumber3ASSOCIATIONFORMEXICANCAVESTUDIESNEWSLETTERNEWSANDNOTESSHORTSTORIESCONSERVATIONTRIPREPORTSVariouscavesintheSierradeElAbra.S.L.p.CavesalongtheInter-AmericanHighwayAhuacatlan.QueretaroSotanodeLaJoyadeSalas.RanchoLaJoya.Tamps.PazodeGavilan.N.L.CuevadeConstantin.Espinazo,N.L.HeyadeZimapan.Tamuln,S.L.P.Ahuacatl.in,QueretaroCd.Valles,S.L.p.HoyadeZimapin.SotanodeLosLores.SotanodelArroyo,Nacimi.entodelRfoChay,S.L.P.VolumeIIINumber3

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iIIIiI'III'Ii

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ASSOCIATIONFORMEXICANCAVESTUDIESNEWSLETTERVolumeIIINumber3PublicationDate:May1971TheAMCSNEWSLETTERispublishedsixissuespervolumeasfrequentlyaspossiblebytheAssociationforMexicanCaveStudies,P,O.Box7672UniversityStation,Austin,Texas78712,USA.TheAMCSisanonprofitorganizationwhosegoalsarethecollectionanddisseminationofinformationconcerningMexicancaves.Membershipisopentoallinterested,conservation-mindedpersonsatarateof$5.00USpervolume.Potentialcontributorsareurgedtosubmitarticlesforpublication.ThearticlemaycoveranyphaseofMexicanspeleology.Tripreportsarerequestedfromalltrips.Editor.CorrespondingSecretary.PhotographicEditor..Staff...........TerryW.Raines.T.R.EvansCarlE.KunathKeithHeussDalePateCraigSainsottMikeWalshPublishedbyTHESPELEOPRESSNEWSANDNOTESEveryMondaynightisAMCSNightat703Carolyn,Austin,Texas.TheideaistoestablisharegularmeetingtimewheninterestedpersonscangatherforthebenefitoftheAMCS,i.e.work,withnofinancialreembursementeIthasprovensuccessfulsinceourfirstgatheringlastAugust.Frequentlyvolunteersarerewardedwithaslideshowandallarewelcometoattend.Butpleasenote:1noone'sathome,we'vegonecaving!AMCSBulletin1,"CavesoftheInter-AmericanHighway"iscompletelyandtotallyout-of-print.You'llhavetoXeroxafriend'scopyuntilwegettimetoprintasecondedition.Theoriginalissooutofdatethatitwillnotbereprinted.ASSOCIATIONFORMEXICANCAVESTUDIESNEWSLETTERVolumeIIINumber3PublicationDate:May1971TheAMCSNEWSLETTERispublishedsixissuespervolumeasfrequentlyaspossiblebytheAssociationforMexicanCaveStudies,p.O.Box7672UniversityStation,Austin,Texas78712,USA.TheAMCSisanonprofitorganizationwhosegoalsarethecollectionanddisseminationofinformationconcerningMexicancaves.Membershipisopentoallinterested,conservation-mindedpersonsatarateof$5.00USpervolume.Potentialcontributorsareurgedtosubmitarticlesforpublication.ThearticlemaycoveranyphaseofMexicanspeleology.Tripreportsarerequestedfromalltrips.Editor.CorrespondingSecretary.PhotographicEditor..Staff...........TerryW.Raines.T.R.EvansCarlE.KunathKeithHeussDalePateCraigSainsottMikeWalshPublishedbyTHESPELEOPRESSNEWSANDNOTESEveryMondaynightisAMCSNightat703Carolyn,Austin,Texas.TheideaistoestablisharegularmeetingtimewheninterestedpersonscangatherforthebenefitoftheAMCS,i.e.work,withnofinancialreembursementeIthasprovensuccessfulsinceourfirstgatheringlastAugust.Frequentlyvolunteersarerewardedwithaslideshowandallarewelcometoattend.Butpleasenote:1noone'sathome,we'vegonecaving!AMCSBulletin1,"CavesoftheInter-AmericanHighway"iscompletelyandtotallyout-of-print.You'llhavetoXeroxafriend'scopyuntilwegettimetoprintasecondedition.Theoriginalissooutofdatethatitwillnotbereprinted.

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38SHORTSTORIESKEITHHEUSS'CAMERAANDSOTANODEVENADITOBackduringThanksgivingof'67Keithdroppedhiscamera.Hewasalittleoverhalfwayupthe182footentrancedropwhenhetiedthe50mmammocancontainingaNikonontheropeandcontinuedup.Somethinghappenedastheropewasraisedandthepitechoedfromfallingcameracan.Everyonewenthome.OnemonthagoDavidHoneaandcrewwenttoVenaditotopushthenewsectiondiscoveredlastChristmas.About150feetverticallyonintothecavefromtheentrancedropplungepoolhefoundacamera;agedbutrecognizable.Whatfortune.CONSERVATIONAretheseguysforreal?WhenIfirstreadthisarticleIthoughtitwasajoke,butunfortunatelyIthinkthey'reserious.ThefollowingisaportionofatripreportpublishedinGeorgiaUnderground,Vol8,No1,Jan-Feb1971, p13.MembersofthegroupareJoeCarlisle(NSS7748),AlanJohnson,GeorgeMorris,andJimYoumans(NSS7004).Theirdestination:SotanodelasGolondrinas."Alan:Howdidyouknowtheguide'snamewasBontarina?Jim:Hewroteitonacavewall.Alan:Whichcavewall?Jim:ThecaveonthetrailbetweenSotanodelasGolandrinasandTamapautz.IthadalargewalkinentranceandBontarinaenteredintothetwilightzoneandindicatedtousthathewantedustolightourcarbidelampsandgocaving.Sowecarbidedourlampsandstartedintothecave.JustinsidetheentranceBonta.rinadrewhismachetetoscareoffanyevilspirits.Wewalkedabout300feetintothecaveandsawsomeoldnamesinSpanishwrittenonthewallapparentlywithcarbidelamps.SoweaskedBontarinaifhe'dcaretowritehisnameonthewall.Hesaidyes,sowemaketheflamelongonourcarbidelampandshowedhimhowtowriteonit.SohewrotehisnameonthewallandNeilwrotehisnameandIwrotemyname.We38SHORTSTORIESKEITHHEUSS'CAMERAANDSOTANODEVENADITOBackduringThanksgivingof'67Keithdroppedhiscamera.Hewasalittleoverhalfwayupthe182footentrancedropwhenhetiedthe50mmammocancontainingaNikonontheropeandcontinuedup.Somethinghappenedastheropewasraisedandthepitechoedfromfallingcameracan.Everyonewenthome.OnemonthagoDavidHoneaandcrewwenttoVenaditotopushthenewsectiondiscoveredlastChristmas.About150feetverticallyonintothecavefromtheentrancedropplungepoolhefoundacamera;agedbutrecognizable.Whatfortune.CONSERVATIONAretheseguysforreal?WhenIfirstreadthisarticleIthoughtitwasajoke,butunfortunatelyIthinkthey'reserious.ThefollowingisaportionofatripreportpublishedinGeorgiaUnderground,Vol8,No1,Jan-Feb1971, p13.MembersofthegroupareJoeCarlisle(NSS7748),AlanJohnson,GeorgeMorris,andJimYoumans(NSS7004).Theirdestination:SotanodelasGolondrinas."Alan:Howdidyouknowtheguide'snamewasBontarina?Jim:Hewroteitonacavewall.Alan:Whichcavewall?Jim:ThecaveonthetrailbetweenSotanodelasGolandrinasandTamapautz.IthadalargewalkinentranceandBontarinaenteredintothetwilightzoneandindicatedtousthathewantedustolightourcarbidelampsandgocaving.Sowecarbidedourlampsandstartedintothecave.JustinsidetheentranceBontaririadrewhismachetetoscareoffanyevilspirits.Wewalkedabout300feetintothecaveandsawsomeoldnamesinSpanishwrittenonthewallapparentlywithcarbidelamps.SoweaskedBontarinaifhe'dcaretowritehisnameonthewall.Hesaidyes,sowemaketheflamelongonourcarbidelampandshowedhimhowtowriteonit.SohewrotehisnameonthewallandNeilwrotehisnameandIwrotemyname.We

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39pronouncedournamesforhimandhepronouncedhisnameforusandhewasmuchpleasedthathecouldcommunicatewithusinsuchamanner."AndthisisnItall.Therestofthearticleisquiterevealing.Definitelyworthreadingifyoucanobtainacopy.ThenextAMCStripintothisareawillcleanthewallsofthiscave.Inthemeantime,JimandhisfriendswoulddobetterwatchingTVfootballonweekendsratherthandestroyingthecavesweexplore.AlthoughtheyclaimtobeintheNSS,dotheyknowwhatit'sallabout?Somebody,pleaseletthemknow!TRIPREPORTS19December-5January1971Destination:VariouscavesintheSierradeElAbra,S.L.P.Location:SMa;SierradeElAbra;LosSabinos&LaCiebaareas.Persons:MilesAbernathy,JohnBasset,CraigBittinger,SteveBittinger,DonBroussard,PaulDuncan,MarkMinton,MikeMoore,NealMorris,BuddyRogers,TomWrightReportedby:N.MorrisThefirstfivedayswerespentsurveyingtheMontecillosSystem.ThesurveyincludedSotanitodeMontecillos,SotanodePi.chijurno,thearroyoconnectingthetowentrances,andtwosmallcaveslocatedin,thearroyo,CuevadelasRatasandCuevadelLeon.InSotanito,wesurveyed5000feetofpassageandriggedfourdrops.The110footentrancedropanddropsinthemainpassageof30feet,100.feet,and80feetputthetotaldepthofthecaveat-288feet.Atthelowestlevelarunningstreamwasdiscoveredflowingthroughpassage50feetwideand80feethigh.Onanupperleveltherewas2400feetoflakepassagewhichconnectedtoPichijumothroughasiphon.TherearestillmanyunexploredsideleadsinSotanitothatneedtobesurveyed.InPichijumoweagainsurveyed5000feetofpassageandriggedthreedrops.Atthebottomofthe45footentrancedropthreeupperlevelsiphonswerereachedandtwoofthemconnectedwiththeSotanitosiphon.Thesecohddropwhichcarriesthefloodwatersofthearroyowas140feetto1500feetoflakepassageandthena65footdrop.Atthebottomofthisdropwerappelledintoinnertubesandpaddledthelastfewhundredfeetthroughalargemeanderinglaketoasiphon.Thetotaldepthwas328feet.IntherightsideofthearroyonearSotanitoisCuevadelasRata.s. Ashortentrancepassageleadstoa30footdropandan80footdroptoamudplugthatconnectstoSotanito.CuevadelLeonintheleftsideofthearroyoisonly100feetlong.AfterourfivedayassaultwespreadtwotruckloadsofmudandgearacrosstheLosSabinoscampgroundtodry.Thesmellattractedatleastfiftyvulturesthatcircledoverourheadsforhours.ForadayofrestwedrovethroughCd,Vallesand'I'arnuinaroundtotheeastfaceoftheElAbraandcheckedthewaterlevelsatthenacimientosofArroyoSecoandRIo'I'arrtoan,Asmall40footsinkledtowateratT'arrtoan,39pronouncedournamesforhimandhepronouncedhisnameforusandhewasmuchpleasedthathecouldcommunicatewithusinsuchamanner."AndthisisnItall.Therestofthearticleisquiterevealing.Definitelyworthreadingifyoucanobtainacopy.ThenextAMCStripintothisareawillcleanthewallsofthiscave.Inthemeantime,JimandhisfriendswoulddobetterwatchingTVfootballonweekendsratherthandestroyingthecavesweexplore.AlthoughtheyclaimtobeintheNSS,dotheyknowwhatit'sallabout?Somebody,pleaseletthemknow!TRIPREPORTS19December-5January1971Destination:VariouscavesintheSierradeElAbra,S.L.P.Location:SMa;SierradeElAbra;LosSabinos&LaCiebaareas.Persons:MilesAbernathy,JohnBasset,CraigBittinger,SteveBittinger,DonBroussard,PaulDuncan,MarkMinton,MikeMoore,NealMorris,BuddyRogers,TomWrightReportedby:N.MorrisThefirstfivedayswerespentsurveyingtheMontecillosSystem.ThesurveyincludedSotanitodeMontecillos,SotanodePichijumo.thearroyoconnectingthetowentrances,andtwosmallcaveslocatedin_thearroyo,CuevadelasRatasandCuevadelLeon.InSotanito,wesurveyed5000feetofpassageandriggedfourdrops.The110footentrancedropanddropsinthemainpassageof30feet,100:feet,and80feetputthetotaldepthofthecaveat-288feet.Atthelowestlevelarunningstreamwasdiscoveredflowingthroughpassage50feetwideand80feethigh.Onanupperleveltherewas2400feetoflakepassagewhichconnectedtoPichijumothroughasiphon.TherearestillmanyunexploredsideleadsinSotanitothatneedtobesurveyed.InPichijumoweagainsurveyed5000feetofpassageandriggedthreedrops.Atthebottomofthe45footentrancedropthreeupperlevelsiphonswerereachedandtwoofthemconnectedwiththeSotanitosiphon.Thesecohddropwhichcarriesthefloodwatersofthearroyowas140feetto1500feetoflakepassageandthena65footdrop.Atthebottomofthisdropwerappelledintoinnertubesandpaddledthelastfewhundredfeetthroughalargemeanderinglaketoasiphon.Thetotaldepthwas328feet.IntherightsideofthearroyonearSotanitoisCuevadelasRatas.Ashortentrancepassageleadstoa30footdropandan80footdroptoamudplugthatconnectstoSotanito.CuevadelLeonintheleftsideofthearroyoisonly100feetlong.AfterourfivedayassaultwespreadtwotruckloadsofmudandgearacrosstheLosSabinoscampgroundtodry.Thesmellattractedatleastfiftyvulturesthatcircledoverourheadsforhours.ForadayofrestwedrovethroughCd.VallesandTamulnaroundtotheeastfaceoftheElAbraandcheckedthewaterlevelsatthenacimientosofArroyoSecoandRIoTantoan.Asmall40footsinkledtowateratTantoan.

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ThatnightattendedlargefestivalWespent3hoursLoganentered;40ThenextdayfoundusinScitanodelTigreprusikingthroughaplungepool.AtLosSabinosthateveningthereweresixtruckloadsofcavers.InthemorningwewereonceagainaroundtotheeastfaceoftheElAbraontheZi.mapanranch.HerewewerejoinedbyMikeMooreandMarkMintonfromIndiana.ThefirstthingwedidwastomapCuevadeCiebasincetheentrancewasonlyatwohourclimbfromthebaseoftherange.Ciebaisonly700feetlongbutithasdimensionsof100feetby100feetandthreeskylights,oneofwhichgivesa175footdrop.Inthemiddleofthecaveisa300footpitwhichleadstofossilbonedepositsandgivesthecaveatotaldepthof647feet.Tom,Buddy,andIcampedhalfwayuptheeastfaceafterriggingtheskylight.Thenextmorningwehikedacrosstherangeandfinallyemergedfromthejungle30hourslatertocrawlacrosstheInter-AmericanHighwayandhitch-hikeintoValles.Whilewewerecrossingthejungle,therestofthegroupwaschoppingatrailacrossthecrestoftherangeinsearchoftwopitsthathadbeenob,servedfromtheair.ThefirstpitwasreachedaftertwodaysofchoppingandnamedSotanodelosLoros.Thesecondwasactuallyalargecaveentrancewhichledtoa10secondpit(HoyadeZimapan}.Neithercavewasenteredduetolackoftime.EventuallywewereallunitedattheAMCSCampgroundatLosSabinoswhereweswappedfantastictalesofthejungle.TheIndianacaversheadedfortheU.S.,butwepickedupPaulDuncan,DonBroussard,andMilesAbernathyandspentacoupleofdaysmappinginPichijumobeforewewereforcedtocutourtripshort.CraigcaughtmonoandtheMexicandoctorswereunabletohelphim.RatherthanlethimdieinMexico,werushedhimbacktoKingsvilleandmedicalaidandstartedplottingsurveynotes.-Date:31December-7January1971Destination:CavesalongtheInter-AmericanHighwayPersons:RoyBrown,LoganMcNatt,CharlieYatesReportedby:LoganMcNatt31Dec.VisitedCuevadeLaBocaandColadeCaballo.CampedNewYear'sEvenearPozodeGaviIan:cold.1Jan.Ourguidedidn'tshowupduetoovercelebration.lookingforPozodeGavilanandfinallyfoundit.Royandwateralmostcompletelycoveredbottom.2Jan.DrovetoGomezFarlasandenteredSot.anodeElMolino;blindfish(maybe)inpoolsinpassageatbottom.DrovetoGrutasdeQuinteroandcamped.3Jan.EnteredQuinteroandCuevadeElAbra.DrovetoCd.VallesandmetTerryRainesandDonnaVaughthitch-hikingwest.NextmetMilesAbernathy,thengroupofCaliforniansincludingBillDeane,alsometKeithWilsonfromPerin.CampedatAMCScampgroundnearLosSabinos.4Jan.DrovetoXilitlaandthentoJalpan.HikedtolowerentranceofCuevadelRloJalpan.5Jan.Exploredlowercavecompletely.inJalpanwhichwasthedayoftheirsaint.ThatnightattendedlargefestivalWespent3hoursLoganentered;40ThenextdayfoundusinSotanodelTigreprusikingthroughaplungepool.AtLosSabinosthateveningthereweresixtruckloadsofcavers.InthemorningwewereonceagainaroundtotheeastfaceoftheElAbraontheZimapanranch.HerewewerejoinedbyMikeMooreandMarkMintonfromIndiana.ThefirstthingwedidwastomapCuevadeCiebasincetheentrancewasonlyatwohourclimbfromthebaseoftherange.Ciebaisonly700feetlongbutithasdimensionsof100feetby100feetandthreeskylights,oneofwhichgivesa175footdrop.Inthemiddleofthecaveisa300footpitwhichleadstofossilbonedepositsandgivesthecaveatotaldepthof647feet.Tom,Buddy,andIcampedhalfwayuptheeastfaceafterriggingtheskylight.Thenextmorningwehikedacrosstherangeandfinallyemergedfromthejungle30hourslatertocrawlacrosstheInter-AmericanHighwayandhitch-hikeintoValles.Whilewewerecrossingthejungle,therestofthegroupwaschoppingatrailacrossthecrestoftherangeinsearchoftwopitsthathadbeenob_servedfromtheair.ThefirstpitwasreachedaftertwodaysofchoppingandnamedSotanodelosLoros.Thesecondwasactuallyalargecaveentrancewhichledtoa 10secondpit(HoyadeZimapan).Neithercavewasenteredduetolackoftime.EventuallywewereallunitedattheAMCSCampgroundatLosSabinoswhereweswappedfantastictalesofthejungle.TheIndianacaversheadedfortheU.S.,butwepickedupPaulDuncan,DonBroussard,andMilesAbernathyandspentacoupleofdaysmappinginPichijumobeforewewereforcedtocutourtripshort.CraigcaughtmonoandtheMexicandoctorswereunabletohelphim.RatherthanlethimdieinMexico,werushedhimbacktoKingsvilleandmedicalaidandstartedplottingsurveynotes.-Date:31December-7January1971Destination:CavesalongtheInter-AmericanHighwayPersons:RoyBrown,LoganMcNatt,CharlieYatesReportedby:LoganMcNatt31Dec.VisitedCuevadeLaBocaandColadeCaballo.CampedNewYear'sEvenearPozodeGavilan;cold.1Jan.Ourguidedidn'tshowupduetoovercelebration.lookingforPozodeGavilanandfinallyfoundit.Royandwateralmostcompletelycoveredbottom.2Jan.DrovetoGomezFarfasandenteredSotanodeElMolino;blindfish(maybe)inpoolsinpassageatbottom.DrovetoGrutasdeQuinteroandcamped.3Jan.EnteredQuinteroandCuevadeElAbra.DrovetoCd.VallesandmetTerryRainesandDonnaVaughthitch-hikingwest.NextmetMilesAbernathy,thengroupofCaliforniansincludingBillDeane,alsometKeithWilsonfromPerin.CampedatAMCScampgroundnearLosSabinos.4Jan.DrovetoXilitlaandthentoJalpan.HikedtolowerentranceofCuevadelRfoJalpan.5Jan.Exploredlowercavecompletely.inJalpanwhichwasthedayoftheirsaint.

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41 -Date:1-10January1971Destination:Ahuacatlan,OeretaroLocation:SMa;Jalpan;PuertadelasAnimas&Ahuaca.tl.anareasPersons:CalvinWalker,MikeWalshReportedby:MikeWalshFindingourselveswithouttransportation,wetookabustoMexicoCityandthenontoGrutasdeCacahuamilpa.On6JanwepulledintoAhuacatlan.Severalyearsearlierwehadheardrumorsoflargepitsnearthistownandwedecidedtocheckthemout.Thefollowingdaywehiredaguidetotakeustosomeofthecavesinthearea.ThefirstdayweweretakentoCuevadelosRiscos.Thenextday,8Jan,wewentupthemountainbehindthetowntoasmallcave.Afterheinformedusthattherewerenomorecavesnearby,wepaidhim.CalvinandIcontinuedupthemountainindisgust.AfterawhileCalvinreturnedtoAhua.catl.anwhileIkepthiking.AsIwasabouttogiveup,IencounteredaMexicanwhosaidhecouldtakemetoseveralpits.Thefirstappearedfairlyinsignificant.The3.5footentrancewasabout80feetdeep.Thiswasthecavewhichlaterprovedtobeover1000feetindepth.Afteranothersmallpitwewenttoanotherwhichwasabout125feetdeep.Thenextpithadafreedropofover400feet.Twomorepitsandonesmallcavewerevisitedonthewaybacktohishouse.OurbustriptotheU.S.wasfilledofthoughtsofareturnduringtheupcomingspringbreak.-Date:16-21February1971Destination:SotanodeLaJoyadeSalas,RanchoLaJoya,Tamaulipas.Location:SMa;SierradeGuatemala;LaJoyaarea.Persons:18(seebelow)Reportedby:DavidHoneaAlthoughSotanodelaJoyadeSalashasbeenknownsince1965,itandtheSierradeGuatemalainwhichitislocatedhaveseenlittleactivityinthelastfewyearssavefortripstoaspecializedarea,RanchodelCielo.Thisobscurityisinpartaresultoftherelativeinaccessibilityoftheareaduetobadroadsorinfacttoagenerallackofroads.Recenttimes,however,havewitnessedarenewedinterestinworkinginLaJoyaandinwideningactivitiesintheverypromisingsurroundinglimestoneareas.UntilDecember,1970thecavewasthoughttoendinasiphonat-892feet.Uptothesiphon,thegeneralcharacterofthecaveisentirelyvertical,withsuccessivedropsof246,177,64,40,79,and230feet.Thereislittlehorizontalpassagebetweenthedropsandthewholecavecorkscrewsinonitselfsothatthereisalmostnonethorizontaldisplacementfromtheentrancetothesiphon.Thefirstmapofthecavewasmadeontheearlier1965trips.Thetripreports,map,anddescriptionmaybefoundinmoredetailintheAMCSNewslettervol.Ino.5,p.54-58;Vol.IIno.6,p.132-137;andBulletinI,p.48-50.Continuedinterestandhopesofdeepeningthecavehavebeenpromptedbytheexcellentpotentialofthesurroundinglimestonerange,theSierradeGuatemala.Withthecavelocatedatanelevationofabout5500feet,thelimestonedepthandthusthepotentialofthecaveisover1000meters.41-Date:110January1971Destination:Ahuacatlan,QeretaroLocation:SMa;Jalpan;PuertadelasAnimas&AhuacatlanareasPersons:CalvinWalker,MikeWalshReportedby:MikeWalshFindingourselveswithouttransportation,wetookabustoMexicoCityandthenontoGrutasdeCacahuamilpa.On6JanwepulledintoAhuacatlan.Severalyearsearlierwehadheardrumorsoflargepitsnearthistownandwedecidedtocheckthemout.Thefollowingdaywehiredaguidetotakeustosomeofthecavesinthearea.ThefirstdayweweretakentoCuevadelosRiscos.Thenextday,8Jan,wewentupthemountainbehindthetowntoasmallcave.Afterheinformedusthattherewerenomorecavesnearby,wepaidhim.CalvinandIcontinuedupthemountainindisgust.AfterawhileCalvinreturnedtoAhuacatlanwhileIkepthiking.AsIwasabouttogiveup,IencounteredaMexicanwhosaidhecouldtakemetoseveralpits.Thefirstappearedfairlyinsignificant.The3.5footentrancewasabout80feetdeep.Thiswasthecavewhichlaterprovedtobeover1000feetindepth.Afteranothersmallpitwewenttoanotherwhichwasabout125feetdeep.Thenextpithadafreedropofover400feet.Twomorepitsandonesmallcavewerevisitedonthewaybacktohishouse.OurbustriptotheU.S.wasfilledofthoughtsofareturnduringtheupcomingspringbreak.-Date:16 -21February1971Destination:SotanodeLaJoyadeSalas,RanchoLaJoya,Tamaulipas.Location:SMa;SierradeGuatemala;LaJoyaarea.Persons:18(seebelow)Reportedby:DavidHoneaAlthoughSotanodelaJoyadeSalashasbeenknownsince1965,itandtheSierradeGuatemalainwhichitislocatedhaveseenlittleactivityinthelastfewyearssavefortripstoaspecializedarea,RanchodelCielo.Thisobscurityisinpartaresultoftherelativeinaccessibilityoftheareaduetobadroadsorinfacttoagenerallackofroads.Recenttimes,however,havewitnessedarenewedinterestinworkinginLaJoyaandinwideningactivitiesintheverypromisingsurroundinglimestoneareas.UntilDecember,1970thecavewasthoughttoendinasiphonat-892feet.Uptothesiphon,thegeneralcharacterofthecaveisentirelyvertical,withsuccessivedropsof246,177,64,40,79,and230feet.Thereislittlehorizontalpassagebetweenthedropsandthewholecavecorkscrewsinonitselfsothatthereisalmostnonethorizontaldisplacementfromtheentrancetothesiphon.Thefirstmapofthecavewasmadeontheearlier1965trips.Thetripreports,map,anddescriptionmaybefoundinmoredetailintheAMCSNewslettervol.Ino.5,p.54-58;Vol.IIno.6,p.132-137;andBulletinI,p.48-50.Continuedinterestandhopesofdeepeningthecavehavebeenpromptedbytheexcellentpotentialofthesurroundinglimestonerange,theSierradeGuatemala.Withthecavelocatedatanelevationofabout5500feet,thelimestonedepthandthusthepotentialofthecaveisover1000meters.

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42Sincethesiphonisat-272meters,itwashopedthatitmightbeonlyaperchedpoolandthatthecavewouldcontinuebeyondit.ThishadgeneratedseveralideasbyAMCSmembersfordrainingthesiphonusinghosesordynamite.Withthisinmind,TerryRaines,DonBroussard,BlakeHarrison,RonRossburg,andMikeWalshvisitedthepitinSeptember,1970.Itwastheirpurposetore-examinethesiphoninanattempttoascertainitsrealnature.Theyalsoremappedthecaveandexploredandmappedasecondentrancewhichintersectsthemaincaveinthesecond,177footdrop.Theyfoundrelativelywetconditionsanditwasfeltthatpushingthesiphonwouldbehazardousatbest,astheyhadnodivingequipment.Havingstillnoreasontobelievethatthepitshouldendatthispoint,agroupofCanadianandEasterncaversassaultedthecavewithdivingequipmentandwetsuitsduringDec.1970.Aftercarryingthetanksetc.tothesiphontheyweresurprisedtofindthatthewaterlevelwaslowenoughtomakeitnolongeratruesiphon.Pushingit,theyfoundonlyabout6-10feetofsubmergedpassage,andthatthecavecontinuedpastthesiphon.Theyexploredtotheextentofavailablerope,some200feet,foundthecavetobestillcontinuing,butwerestoppedbyanotherdrop.Thisthenwasthechainofeventsleadingtothemostrecenttrip,madeinFebruary1971.ThecontinuationofthecavegeneratedmuchenthusiasmamongcaversinterestedinLaJoyaandatripwasorganizedwiththethreefoldpurposeof1)firstandforemost,mappingbeyondthesiphonandpushingthecave,2)dynamitingthelowerwallofthesiphontopreventitfromevertotallyrefillingand3)filmingthewholetripinthecavewithamoviecamera.Asthedeparturedatedrewcloser,thenumberofpeoplegoingonthetripandtheestimatesofthepossiblecavedepthgrewlarger.TwovehiclesleftFeb.16andathirdFeb.17,carrying17people,alltheUTGclubropeplus1800feetofSWTCCrope,atotalofgreaterthan3000feetofrope.Thevehiclesandcrewswere:TerryRainesinaDodgePowerWagonwithSherryGreer,BlakeHarrison,HugoVictoria,KeithWilson,NeilMorris,JohnMuthandNicki;BillBellinaGMCwithRooneyBurnett,RichardBooth,LoganMcNattandKikiNicholas;DavidHoneainaToyotaLandCruiserwithDonBroussard,RoyJameson,PauletteJust,andJerryBroadus.Omittingmostoftheunp1easantriesofbordercrossing,andvehicleproblemsontheroad,allvehiclesarrivedsome15-24hoursaftertheirAustindeparturetime.Thelast20milesrequiresseveralhours,duetothepoorroadandsteepclimb.Sinceonetruckleftadaylater,forthefirstdaythefullcrewwasnotpresent.However,thecavewasriggedtothesiphonandsome250feetbeyond.Whileseveralpeopleenteredthecavepartway,Blake,Don,David,Hugo,Keith,Neil,Roy,andTerrywentthroughthesiphon.Whiletheothersexploredpastthesiphon,TerryandDavidstar-drilledforabout2hoursintheveryharddolomitewhichformsthelowerwallofthesiphon.Aftereveryonehadclearedthesiphon,Terrysetthedynamitechargeandretiredfortheevening.Thenextmorningfoundmostofthecaversanxioustoenterthecavetomapandpushfurtherbeyondthesiphon.Preparedforanextendedstayandwithmoreropeandmappinggear,thegroupre-enteredthecaveabout8:30a.rn.onThursday,Feb.18.Muchtoourdispleasure,thedynamitehaddonevirtuallynothing.Aftereveryonehadpackedtheirclothesinplastic42Sincethesiphonisat-272meters,itwashopedthatitmightbeonlyaperchedpoolandthatthecavewouldcontinuebeyondit.ThishadgeneratedseveralideasbyAMCSmembersfordrainingthesiphonusinghosesordynamite.Withthisinmind,TerryRaines,DonBroussard,BlakeHarrison,RonRossburg,andMikeWalshvisitedthepitinSeptember,1970.Itwastheirpurposetore-examinethesiphoninanattempttoascertainitsrealnature.Theyalsoremappedthecaveandexploredandmappedasecondentrancewhichintersectsthemaincaveinthesecond,177footdrop.Theyfoundrelativelywetconditionsanditwasfeltthatpushingthesiphonwouldbehazardousatbest,astheyhadnodivingequipment.Havingstillnoreasontobelievethatthepitshouldendatthispoint,agroupofCanadianandEasterncaversassaultedthecavewithdivingequipmentandwetsuitsduringDec.1970.Aftercarryingthetanksetc.tothesiphontheyweresurprisedtofindthatthewaterlevelwaslowenoughtomakeitnolongeratruesiphon.Pushingit,theyfoundonlyabout6-10feetofsubmergedpassage,andthatthecavecontinuedpastthesiphon.Theyexploredtotheextentofavailablerope,some200feet,foundthecavetobestillcontinuing,butwerestoppedbyanotherdrop.Thisthenwasthechainofeventsleadingtothemostrecenttrip,madeinFebruary1971.ThecontinuationofthecavegeneratedmuchenthusiasmamongcaversinterestedinLaJoyaandatripwasorganizedwiththethreefoldpurposeof1)firstandforemost,mappingbeyondthesiphonandpushingthecave,2)dynamitingthelowerwallofthesiphontopreventitfromevertotallyrefillingand3)filmingthewholetripinthecavewithamoviecamera.Asthedeparturedatedrewcloser,thenumberofpeoplegoingonthetripandtheestimatesofthepossiblecavedepthgrewlarger.TwovehiclesleftFeb.16andathirdFeb.17,carrying17people,alltheUTGclubropeplus1800feetofSWTCCrope,atotalofgreaterthan3000feetofrope.Thevehiclesandcrewswere:TerryRainesinaDodgePowerWagonwithSherryGreer,BlakeHarrison,HugoVictoria,KeithWilson,NeilMorris,JohnMuthandNicki;BillBellinaGMCwithRooneyBurnett,RichardBooth,LoganMcNattandKikiNicholas;DavidHoneainaToyotaLandCruiserwithDonBroussard,RoyJameson,PauletteJust,andJerryBroadus.Omittingmostoftheunp1easantriesofbordercrossing,andvehicleproblemsontheroad,allvehiclesarrivedsome15-24hoursaftertheirAustindeparturetime.Thelast20milesrequiresseveralhours,duetothepoorroadandsteepclimb.Sinceonetruckleftadaylater,forthefirstdaythefullcrewwasnotpresent.However,thecavewasriggedtothesiphonandsome250feetbeyond.Whileseveralpeopleenteredthecavepartway,Blake,Don,David,Hugo,Keith,Neil,Roy,andTerrywentthroughthesiphon.Whiletheothersexploredpastthesiphon,TerryandDavidstar-drilledforabout2hoursintheveryharddolomitewhichformsthelowerwallofthesiphon.Aftereveryonehadclearedthesiphon,Terrysetthedynamitechargeandretiredfortheevening.Thenextmorningfoundmostofthecaversanxioustoenterthecavetomapandpushfurtherbeyondthesiphon.Preparedforanextendedstayandwithmoreropeandmappinggear,thegroupre-enteredthecaveabout8:30a.m.onThursday,Feb.18.Muchtoourdispleasure,thedynamitehaddonevirtuallynothing.Aftereveryonehadpackedtheirclothesinplastic

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43bagsandswumthechilly65degreewaterofthesiphon,weexaminedtheblastsite,reassembledourgearinpreparationformapping,andsentoutanadvancecrewofKeithandRooneywithropetoexplorebeyondtheIaststoppingpoint.AmappingteamofBlake,DavidandTerry,withthehelpofJerry,beganmappingatthesiphon.Justpastthewaterisatubelikepassageabout3feetindiameterintheveryharddolomitewhichformstheconstrictioncreatingthesiphon.Thecavecontinueshorizontallyinthisbedasaverticalfissurecrawlforabout40feet.Thepassagethenbreaksthroughthedolomiteandbeginstoopenup.Hereitissome5feetwideby8-10feettallandcontinuesasapool-hoppinghorizontalpassagetothetopofthenextdropabout100feetaway.Alongthewayahighdomeisencounteredwhichhasnoobviousleads.Thedropisabout60feet,withpassageleadingtoa40-footlongchimneyoverafissureabout20feetdeep.Thechimneyendsatthetopoftheseconddrop,whichfalls110feetintoalargeplungepoolwhichmaybeavoidedbytraversingalongtheleftwall.Immediatelypastthedrop,thepassagetakesoffintwodirections.Theupstreambranchleadstoanunchecked80ft.drop.Mappingcontinueddownthedownstreampassage.Thispassageleadstoadropofabout40feet.Fromthebottomofthedroptworoutesarepossible:eitherwadingthroughalow-waterpassageorcrawlingthroughalargeformation.Theseleadtothetopofa15footdropintoasmallroom.Thepassagecontinuesasaclimbablescramble-downfor20morefeettowaterpassage.Mappingstoppedatthebeginningofthiswater,duetoalostsurveytape.Keith,however,swamdownitforabout30-45minutesuntilhecametoapointwherelowceilingandflowstonesufficientlyblockedthepassagetomakeaduck-undernecessary.Thecharacterofthepitseemstochangemarkedlyonthebottomsideofthesiphon.Uptothesiphonitisessentiallyvertical,dryandscoured,andwithonlyminimalamountsofactivedeposition.Belowthesiphonthecavetakesoffmorehorizontallywithactiveformations,somemovingwater,andcalcite-cementedfilldepositsofwater-roundedlimestonepebbles.Abovethesiphonthepitiswarm;belowthesiphonitiswetandforextendedstays,coldwithoutwetsuits.Airtemperatureisinthe60'sbutacombinationofthisplus60-degreewaterandwetrockwillprobablynecessitatesomeadditionalwarmclothingsuchasawetsuit.Attheveryleast,dryclothesontheothersideofthesiphonarenecessaryforextendedstays.Afterde-riggingthepittoSimaTerribleandsettingasecondchargeofdynamite,everyoneleftfortheday.Peopleexitedthecavefromabout12:00p.m,toaslateas4a.rn,Thenextdaywasspentde-riggingtheremainderofthepitandpackinguptodepart.Descendingthemountainthatevening,everyonestoppedtocampattherivernearEncino.Themainmishapofthetripoccurredonthetripdown,whenBillBell'sGMCcaughtonfirehighuponthemountainandha.dtobetoweddown.SundaymorningfoundeveryoneleavingforAustinwithBill'struckintwo.AnoverlythoroughcustomssearchoftwoofthetrucksformedtheonlyexcitementofanuneventfulreturntoAustinlateSundaynight.43bagsandswumthechilly65degreewaterofthesiphon,weexaminedtheblastsite,reassembledourgearinpreparationformapping,andsentoutanadvancecrewofKeithandRooneywithropetoexplorebeyondthe'laststoppingpoint.AmappingteamofBlake,DavidandTerry,withthehelpofJerry,beganmappingatthesiphon.Justpastthewaterisatubelikepassageabout3feetindiameterintheveryharddolomitewhichformstheconstrictioncreatingthesiphon.Thecavecontinueshorizontallyinthisbedasaverticalfissurecrawlforabout40feet.Thepassagethenbreaksthroughthedolomiteandbeginstoopenup.Hereitissome5feetwideby8-10feettallandcontinuesasapool-hoppinghorizontalpassagetothetopofthenextdropabout100feetaway.Alongthewayahighdomeisencounteredwhichhasnoobviousleads.Thedropisabout60feet,withpassageleadingtoa40-footlongchimneyoverafissureabout20feetdeep.Thechimneyendsatthetopoftheseconddrop,whichfalls110feetintoalargeplungepoolwhichmaybeavoidedbytraversingalongtheleftwall.Immediatelypastthedrop,thepassagetakesoffintwodirections.Theupstreambranchleadstoanunchecked80ft.drop.Mappingcontinueddownthedownstreampassage.Thispassageleadstoadropofabout40feet.Fromthebottomofthedroptworoutesarepossible:eitherwadingthroughalow-waterpassageorcrawlingthroughalargeformation.Theseleadtothetopofa 15footdropintoasmallroom.Thepassagecontinuesasaclimbablescramble-downfor20morefeettowaterpassage.Mappingstoppedatthebeginningofthiswater,duetoalostsurveytape.Keith,however,swamdownitforabout30-45minutesuntilhecametoapointwherelowceilingandflowstonesufficientlyblockedthepassagetomakeaduck-undernecessary.Thecharacterofthepitseemstochangemarkedlyonthebottomsideofthesiphon.Uptothesiphonitisessentiallyvertical,dryandscoured,andwithonlyminimalamountsofactivedeposition.Belowthesiphonthecavetakesoffmorehorizontallywithactiveformations,somemovingwater,andcalcite-cementedfilldepositsofwater-roundedlimestonepebbles.Abovethesiphonthepitiswarm;belowthesiphonitiswetandforextendedstays,coldwithoutwetsuits.Airtemperatureisinthe60'sbutacombinationofthisplus60-degreewaterandwetrockwillprobablynecessitatesomeadditionalwarmclothingsuchasawetsuit.Attheveryleast,dryclothesontheothersideofthesiphonarenecessaryforextendedstays.Afterde-riggingthepittoSimaTerribleandsettingasecondchargeofdynamite,everyoneleftfortheday.Peopleexitedthecavefromabout12:00p.m.toaslateas4a.m.Thenextdaywasspentde-riggingtheremainderofthepitandpackinguptodepart.Descendingthemountainthatevening,everyonestoppedtocampattherivernearEncino.Themainmishapofthetripoccurredonthetripdown,whenBillBell'sGMCcaughtonfirehighuponthemountainandha.dtobetoweddown.SundaymorningfoundeveryoneleavingforAustinwithBill'struckintwo.AnoverlythoroughcustomssearchoftwoofthetrucksformedtheonlyexcitementofanuneventfulreturntoAustinlateSundaynight.

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44-Date:March1971Destination:PozodeGaviIan,N.L.Location:SMO;GaleanaPersons:CraigBittinger,PaulDuncan,TomWright,FredStoviakReportedby:CraigBittingerWeleftKingsvilleFridaynightandcampedatBustamanteCanyon.Inthemorningwedroveonthroughthecanyonandsouthdownthewesternsideoftherange.After40milesofdustwereachedElCuarto,whereafriendlyMexicantoldusofahugecaveatthetownofEspinazo,N.L.OurpartythenreturnedtoBustamanteandproceededtoGaleana.SundaymorningwerappelledintoPozodeGaviIan,Thebottomwasahugelakewitha10footwide,50footlongbeach.OurpartythendrovebacktoKingsvillewithoutdelay,basicallybecauseofnobrakes.-Date:March1971Destination:CuevadeConstantin.Espinazo,N.L.Location:NBR;'SierradeGornasPersons:CraigBittinger,PaulDuncan,DonMcCarty,RuthMcCreary,RogerMacmillan,CurtisRobertsReportedby:CraigBittingerWeleftKingsvilleFridaynightheadedforAustinbutthendecidedtogotoMexico.OurpartyspentthenightontheroadbetweenMonterreyandMonclova.InthemorningweproceededtoEspinazowherealocalguideshowedustoCuevadeConstantin.Thecaveisapproximately2500feetlongwith150feetofverticalreliefandlargewalkingpassagethroughout.WethenreturnedtoKingsvilleafterspendingthenightatBustamanteCanyon.-Date:13-19March,1971Destination:HoyadeZi.mapan,Tamuln,S.L.P.Location:SMO;SierradeElAbra;TanchipaPersons:PamAlton,CraigBittinger,JimClements,DonnaDierick,PaulDuncan,BradHubbard,NealMorrisReportedby:NealMorrisFridayafterA&IletoutforSpringBreak,ourgroupheadedforMexicoandthetwopitsontopoftheElAbrathattrailshadbeenchoppedtoduringChristmas.Exceptforminorborderhassels,wedrovestraightthroughtoVallesandspentSaturdaynightcampedatthebaseoftherange.Whilethewomenspentthenexttwodaysandonenightaloneatthetruck,therestofusclimbedthemountaintoexploreandmapthetwocaves.Itwasa6hourclimbtothefirstpit,SotanodelosLoros.The100by40footentranceprovidesa200footfreerappel.Atthebottomis700feetofwelldecoratedwalkingpassage.Thelargeparrotsinhabitingtheentranceinspiredthename.44-Date:March1971Destination:PozodeGavilan,N.L.Location:SMO;GaleanaPersons:CraigBittinger,PaulDuncan,TomWright,FredStoviakReportedby:CraigBittingerWeleftKingsvilleFridaynightandcampedatBustamanteCanyon.Inthemorningwedroveonthroughthecanyonandsouthdownthewesternsideoftherange.After40milesofdustwereachedElCuarto,whereafriendlyMexicantoldusofahugecaveatthetownofEspinazo,N.L.OurpartythenreturnedtoBustamanteandproceededtoGaleana.SundaymorningwerappelledintoPozodeGavilan.Thebottomwasahugelakewitha 10footwide,50footlongbeach.OurpartythendrovebacktoKingsvillewithoutdelay,basicallybecauseofnobrakes.-Date:March1971Destination:CuevadeConstantin.Espinazo,N.L.Location:NBR;'SierradeGcmasPersons:CraigBittinger,PaulDuncan,DonMcCarty,RuthMcCreary,RogerMacmillan,CurtisRobertsReportedby:CraigBittingerWeleftKingsvilleFridaynightheadedforAustinbutthendecidedtogotoMexico.OurpartyspentthenightontheroadbetweenMonterreyandMonclova.InthemorningweproceededtoEspinazowherealocalguideshowedustoCuevadeConstantin.Thecaveisapproximately2500feetlongwith150feetofverticalreliefandlargewalkingpassagethroughout.WethenreturnedtoKingsvilleafterspendingthenightatBustamanteCanyon.-Date:13-19March,1971Destination:HoyadeZimapan.Tamuln,S.L.P.Location:SMO;SierradeElAbra;TanchipaPersons:PamAlton,CraigBittinger,JimClements,DonnaDierick,PaulDuncan,BradHubbard,NealMorrisReportedby:NealMorrisFridayafterA&IletoutforSpringBreak,ourgroupheadedforMexicoandthetwopitsontopoftheElAbrathattrailshadbeenchoppedtoduringChristmas.Exceptforminorborderhassels,wedrovestraightthroughtoVallesandspentSaturdaynightcampedatthebaseoftherange.Whilethewomenspentthenexttwodaysandonenightaloneatthetruck,therestofusclimbedthemountaintoexploreandmapthetwocaves.Itwasa6hourclimbtothefirstpit,SctanodelosLoros.The100by40footentranceprovidesa200footfreerappel.Atthebottomis700feetofwelldecoratedwalkingpassage.Thelargeparrotsinhabitingtheentranceinspiredthename.

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45AfterhikingalldayandmappingLoros,wecampedforthenightinsidethetremendousentranceroomofHoyadeZirnapan.Thisroomwas500feetlong,100feetwide,100feethighanddividedintotwosectionsbyamassiveflowstonecolumn.Thenextmorningwebegansurveyingthecave.Thebigroomendedwithanothermassiveflowstoneformation,butashortcrawlwayleadsthroughthecolumntotheedgeofa150footdrop.Atthebottomofthisdropaflowstonecascadeledtoanother300footdrop.Beyondthisdropweencounteredaroomofunbelievablesize.Wesurveyedan1800footlooparounditsedgemainlybecauseventuringawayfromthewallmeantgettinglost,a.raptureofthedeeptypething.Itmeasured700feetlongand300feetwidewithanaverageceilingheightofover100feet.Inthecenteroftheceilingaholeextendedhundredsoffeetupwardsoutofthelightofflares,apparentlyanotherpartofthesystemratherthanadome.Theflooroftheroomwasvirtuallyadesertofdryrimstonepoolsextendingoutofviewinalldirectionswithasmallwaterholeinthecenterofeverything.Thetotaldepthofthecavereached-1050feet.Thewomenwerepissedwhenwereturnedfromthemountainandweheardmanytalesofwoe,butallwoundshealedquickly.Fortherestofthetripwewentsight-seeing.Onedaywasspentswimming,hiking,andcavingattheNacimientodelRIOHuichihuayan.AlsovisitedwasCuevaPintaattheendoftheMontecillosroad.Oneofthemostexcitingpartsofthetripwasour4-wheelingadventurethroughCanondelaHuastecawhereourgroupgottogorockclimbingtogether.Brad'sPowerWagonwasmuchappreciatedandeveryonehadfunridingontopofthecamper.Pamiesaiditwasjustlikeridingtherodeo.OnthewayhomewestoppedatBustamante.Theyinformedusthattherewerelightsintheentranceroomandanyoneenteringthecavemusthaveaguide.AfterexploringCanondeBustamantewereturnedtoKingsville.Althoughthetruckwasalittlecrowdedwithsevenbodiesandgear,everyonegotalongfine.Ouronlyproblemwasconflictinginterestsastothingstodo,buteveryoneadmittedthatitwasagreattrip.-Date:13-21March1971Destination:AhuacatIan,QueretaroLocation:SMO;Jalpan;Ahuacatl.an.Persons:(seebelow)Reportedby:MikeWalshOn14March,twodaysintoourspringbreaktrip,ourtwobusespulledintoAhuacatl.an.ThemembersofthefirstbuswereScottCampbell,GraysonKnapp,KeithHeuss,DalePate,CalvinWalker,andMikeWalsh.IntheotherVWwereBlakeHarrison,KikiNicholas,LoganMcNatt,DianaPorter,RalphMayner,andJimandJulieRodemaker.Withtheexceptionofthelattertwo,allweremembersoftheSouthwestTexasGrotto.OurgroupleftAhuacatlanhikingaboutthreeintheafternoon.Inadditiontoourpersonalgearwewerecarryingabout750feetofrope.Thehikealongthearroyotakesaboutanhour.Atthestoreonthetrailwestartedthelongclimbupthemountain.AbouthalfwayupweweregreetedbyRamirez'ssonswhoprovideduswithburrostocarryourequipment.45AfterhikingalldayandmappingLoros,wecampedforthenightinsidethetremendousentranceroomofHoyadeZimapan.Thisroomwas500feetlong,100feetwide,100feethighanddividedintotwosectionsbyamassiveflowstonecolumn.Thenextmorningwebegansurveyingthecave.Thebigroomendedwithanothermassiveflowstoneformation,butashortcrawlwayleadsthroughthecolumntotheedgeofa150footdrop.Atthebottomofthisdropaflowstonecascadeledtoanother300footdrop.Beyondthisdropweencounteredaroomofunbelievablesize.Wesurveyedan1800footlooparounditsedgemainlybecauseventuringawayfromthewallmeantgettinglost,a.raptureofthedeeptypething.Itmeasured700feetlongand300feetwidewithanaverageceilingheightofover100feet.Inthecenteroftheceilingaholeextendedhundredsoffeetupwardsoutofthelightofflares,apparentlyanotherpartofthesystemratherthanadome.Theflooroftheroomwasvirtuallyadesertofdryrimstonepoolsextendingoutofviewinalldirectionswithasmallwaterholeinthecenterofeverything.Thetotaldepthofthecavereached-1050feet.Thewomenwerepissedwhenwereturnedfromthemountainandweheardmanytalesofwoe,butallwoundshealedquickly.Fortherestofthetripwewentsight-seeing.Onedaywasspentswimming,hiking,andcavingattheNacimientodelRIOHuichihuayan.AlsovisitedwasCuevaPintaattheendoftheMontecillosroad.Oneofthemostexcitingpartsofthetripwasour4-wheelingadventurethroughCanondelaHuastecawhereourgroupgottogorockclimbingtogether.Brad'sPowerWagonwasmuchappreciatedandeveryonehadfunridingontopofthecamper.Pamiesaiditwasjustlikeridingtherodeo.OnthewayhomewestoppedatBustamante.Theyinformedusthattherewerelightsintheentranceroomandanyoneenteringthecavemusthaveaguide.AfterexploringCanondeBustamantewereturnedtoKingsville.Althoughthetruckwasalittlecrowdedwithsevenbodiesandgear,everyonegotalongfine.Ouronlyproblemwasconflictinginterestsastothingstodo,buteveryoneadmittedthatitwasagreattrip.-Date:13 21March1971Destination:Ahuacatlan,QueretaroLocation:SMO;Jalpan;Ahuacatlan.Persons:(seebelow)Reportedby:MikeWalshOn14March,twodaysintoourspringbreaktrip,ourtwobusespulledintoAhuacatlan.ThemembersofthefirstbuswereScottCampbell,GraysonKnapp,KeithHeuss,DalePate,CalvinWalker,andMikeWalsh.IntheotherVWwereBlakeHarrison,KikiNicholas,LoganMcNatt,DianaPorter,RalphMayner,andJimandJulieRodemaker.Withtheexceptionofthelattertwo,allweremembersoftheSouthwestTexasGrotto.OurgroupleftAhuacatlanhikingaboutthreeintheafternoon.Inadditiontoourpersonalgearwewerecarryingabout750feetofrope.Thehikealongthearroyotakesaboutanhour.Atthestoreonthetrailwestartedthelongclimbupthemountain.AbouthalfwayupweweregreetedbyRamirez'ssonswhoprovideduswithburrostocarryourequipment.

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46WehadtreatedSr.Ramirezwithrespectwhenwehadfirstmethimandwenowhadfriendsfortherestofourstay.EventhoughourgroupwastiredwhenwereachedthepitweengagedIinafavoritecaversIpastime,thatofrock-dropping.ThefollowingmorningMikeWalshandBlakeHarrisonentered.Thepit,SotanodelAguila,hadafreedropof420feetandatotaldepthof435feet.ThesamemorningLoganMcNatt,JimandJulie,andBlakecheckedtwootherpits,onewitha125footdropandtheothera100footdrop.Whilethiswasgoingon,theothergroupcheckedoutafairlylargesotanowitha30footdrop.Afterreachingtheend,theystartedhikingbacktoourcampnearSotanodelAguila.Totherightofthetrailtheysawalargedolina.SotanodelMachoReywasatthebottomofthisdolina.Thateveningwedecidedtomovecamptoalocationclosertothelargedolinas.ThemovewasimmediateandonthewayIreachedakeytrailtotherightwhereIwaitedfortheotherstocatchup.ImakeonelastattempttorelocatethatsmallentrancewhichRamirezhadtakenmetoonthefirsttrip.Tomysurpriseitwasonly30yardsdownthemaintrail.Thateveningwerestedcontentlywiththeknowledgethatwenowhadtwomajorsotanoslocated,SotanodelAguilaandSotanodelMachoRey,EarlyTuesdaymorningagroupenteredSotanodelMachoRey,The300footentrancedropwasfollowedbyanother300footdrop.Duetolackofropetheyhadtoreturn.ThecavewasenteredasecondtimethatdaybyBlake,Jim,andJulie.Itwasfoundtobeover1000feetdeep.Thepeopleintheareawereunbelievelyfriendly.Theybroughtusfood,sugarcane,andwater.Withthenewpitsthattheyshowedusandtheothersthatwehadnotyetvisitedwefeltoverwhelmedbytheworkaheadofus.ItwasonTuesdayalsothatGreysonexpressedthedesiretoexploreanewsotario,So,alongwithKeithandScott,hewentdownthehilltoexplorewhatturnedouttobethemajorsotanoofthetrip,SotanitodeAhuacatlan,Greysonriggedthe71footdropanddescendedthroughthe3.5footentrance.Hereportedaroomabout50feetindiameterwithaholeatthebottomofaslope.Theotherscamedownandtherock-droppingbegan.Theyknewitwasdeepbutcouldnotcomprehendhowdeep.Thegroupreturnedtocamptalkingaboutafreedropof200feetormore.Blakereturnedtothecavewitha365footrope.Thedropwasriggedanddownhewent.Theknotatthebottomoftheropewasreachedandseveralrocksweredropped.Fourmoresecondsfree.ThenewswasgreetedbackatcampwiththerealizationthatitwasnecessarytohikedowntoAhuacat'lanforthe700footrope.Wednesday,whileonegroupreturnedfortherope,twoothergroupshikedacrossthevalleytocheckapitwhichwasreportedtobeover300metersdeep.After3hoursofhikingourtwogroupsfoundthatthepitwasstillseveralhoursaway.Weleftthatoneforanothertrip.OnThursdayonegroupwenttomapScitanodelMachoRey.Theothergroup,consistingofKeith,Logan,Jim,Julie,andmyselfreturnedtotheSotanitowiththe700footrope.Logan,JimandIdescendedthe71footdrop,wenttothebackoftheroom,andriggedthedrop.Loganenteredthepit.Afterashortperiodwewereunabletohearhimduetothenatureofthepit.Timepassedslowlyuntil,about45minutesafterentry,weheardhimagain...700feetfrre'eandstillgoing.AfterLoganandtheropewereouta50poundrockwasdroppedintothepit.Itbouncedfor2.5seconds46WehadtreatedSr.Ramirezwithrespectwhenwehadfirstmethimandwenowhadfriendsfortherestofourstay.EventhoughourgroupwastiredwhenwereachedthepitweengagedIinafavoritecaversIpastime,thatofrock-dropping.ThefollowingmorningMikeWalshandBlakeHarrisonentered.Thepit,SotanodelAguila,hadafreedropof420feetandatotaldepthof435feet.ThesamemorningLoganMcNatt,JimandJulie,andBlakecheckedtwootherpits,onewitha125footdropandtheothera100footdrop.Whilethiswasgoingon,theothergroupcheckedoutafairlylargesotanowitha30footdrop.Afterreachingtheend,theystartedhikingbacktoourcampnearSotanodelAguila.Totherightofthetrailtheysawalargedolina.SotanodelMachoReywasatthebottomofthisdolina.Thateveningwedecidedtomovecamptoalocationclosertothelargedolinas.ThemovewasimmediateandonthewayIreachedakeytrailtotherightwhereIwaitedfortheotherstocatchup.ImakeonelastattempttorelocatethatsmallentrancewhichRamirezhadtakenmetoonthefirsttrip.Tomysurpriseitwasonly30yardsdownthemaintrail.Thateveningwerestedcontentlywiththeknowledgethatwenowhadtwomajorsotanoslocated,SotanodelAguilaandSotanodelMachoRey.EarlyTuesdaymorningagroupenteredSotanodelMachoRey.The300footentrancedropwasfollowedbyanother300footdrop.Duetolackofropetheyhadtoreturn.ThecavewasenteredasecondtimethatdaybyBlake,Jim,andJulie.Itwasfoundtobeover1000feetdeep.Thepeopleintheareawereunbelievelyfriendly.Theybroughtusfood,sugarcane,andwater.Withthenewpitsthattheyshowedusandtheothersthatwehadnotyetvisitedwefeltoverwhelmedbytheworkaheadofus.ItwasonTuesdayalsothatGreysonexpressedthedesiretoexploreanewsotano.So,alongwithKeithandScott,hewentdownthehilltoexplorewhatturnedouttobethemajorsotanoofthetrip,SotanitodeAhuacatlan.Greysonriggedthe71footdropanddescendedthroughthe3.5footentrance.Hereportedaroomabout50feetindiameterwithaholeatthebottomofaslope.Theotherscamedownandtherock-droppingbegan.Theyknewitwasdeepbutcouldnotcomprehendhowdeep.Thegroupreturnedtocamptalkingaboutafreedropof200feetormore.Blakereturnedtothecavewitha365footrope.Thedropwasriggedanddownhewent.Theknotatthebottomoftheropewasreachedandseveralrocksweredropped.Fourmoresecondsfree.ThenewswasgreetedbackatcampwiththerealizationthatitwasnecessarytohikedowntoAhuacatlanforthe700footrope.Wednesday,whileonegroupreturnedfortherope,twoothergroupshikedacrossthevalleytocheckapitwhichwasreportedtobeover300metersdeep.After3hoursofhikingourtwogroupsfoundthatthepitwasstillseveralhoursaway.Weleftthatoneforanothertrip.OnThursdayonegroupwenttomapSotanodelMachoRey.Theothergroup,consistingofKeith,Logan,Jim,Julie,andmyselfreturnedtotheSotanitowiththe700footrope.Logan,JimandIdescendedthe71footdrop,wenttothebackoftheroom,andriggedthedrop.Loganenteredthepit.Afterashortperiodwewereunabletohearhimduetothenatureofthepit.Timepassedslowlyuntil,about45minutesafterentry,weheardhimagain...700feetfrre'eandstillgoing.AfterLoganandtheropewereouta50poundrockwasdroppedintothepit.Itbouncedfor2.5seconds

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47thenweheardnoisefor15secondsmore.Perhapsitwasdeep.Withthisobviousunderstatementweknewwehadtoreturnassoonaspossible.ThatnightwewentdownthemountaintoAhuacattan.Thenextmorningthetwogroupssplitup.Blake'sbusgotasfarasCd,Mantewhereapistonacquiredahole.ThoseinhisbushadtotakeaMexicanbustotheborderthenhitch-hikehome.Blakestayedwithhisbuswhileitwasbeingrepaired.-Date:25-27March1971Destination:Ahuacatlan,QueretaroLocation:SMO;Jalpan;AhuacatlanPersons:BlakeHarrison,RoyJameson,TerryRaines,TommyRimkus,JimandJulieRodemaker,CraigSainsott,HugoVictoriaReportedby:TerryRaines25March-FourofusdrovedownfromAustinandjoinedBlake,Hugo,JimandJulie.TheyhadjustreturnedfromAhuacat.Ian,Now,withanew1200footcoilofGoldline,alleightreturnedtothemountains.26March-OurdestinationwastheSotanitodeAhuacatl.anpreviouslyenteredtheweekbeforecontainingthe700footplusdrop.The1200footropewasdistributedinto5more-easilycarriedconnectedcoils.Threehourswererequiredtoreachtheentranceviaasteepmountaintrail.Fourdescendedthefirst71footdropintotheentranceroomwhilefouruncoiledandfedintheropefromthesurface.Welowereditintothepitandtieditoff.Blake,whohadprevioulsybeentothe-350footlevel,rappelledfirst.Thereisabsolutelynocommunicationwithinthepit,sowhentensionslackedontheropeIdescended.Thedropwas15feetindiameterandcompletelysheerandfreefor946feet.Thebottomwas14feetindiameterwithasmallholetoonesidedroppinganother15feettoasiphonat-1051feet(totaldepth).Wecamedirectlyoutaftersurveyingandphotographing.Deriggingtheentirecavetook2hoursafterwhichwetreckedbacktoAhuaca.tl.anratherlate.Acompletedetailedreportwillsoonappearonthiscave.27March-Theremainingdaysofourtripwerealldown-hill.Thedaywaspiddledawayonflats,repairs,anddriving.WhenwearrivedatSota.nodeVenadito'sroad'sendtheticksgreetedus.The45minutehiketook3hours.Exhaustedattheentrance,thedecisionwasaquicktriptoAustin.-Date:2-10April1971Destination:ca.Valles,S.L.P.Location:SMO;SierradeElAbra;LosSabinos,Taninul,LosMonos,andLaNoriaareas.Persons:DonBroussard,RobertHanford,DavidandAnnHonea,SandyRobinsonLeslieClapp,RichCooper,BlakeHarrison,DaveJackson,RoyJameson,CraigSainsottReportedby:RoyJameson47thenweheardnoisefor15secondsmore.Perhapsitwasdeep.WiththisobviousunderstatementweknewwehadtoreturnassOOnaspossible.ThatnightwewentdownthemountaintoAhuacatlan.Thenextmorningthetwogroupssplitup.Blake'sbusgotasfarasCd.Mantewhereapistonacquiredahole.ThoseinhisbushadtotakeaMexicanbustotheborderthenhitch-hikehome.Blakestayedwithhisbuswhileitwasbeingrepaired.-Date:25-27March1971Destination:Ahuacatlan,QueretaroLocation:SMO;Jalpan;AhuacatlanPersons:BlakeHarrison,RoyJameson,TerryRaines,TommyRimkus,JimandJulieRodemaker,CraigSainsott,HugoVictoriaReportedby:TerryRaines25March-FourofusdrovedownfromAustinandjoinedBlake,Hugo,JimandJulie.TheyhadjustreturnedfromAhuacatlan.Now,withanew1200footcoilofGoldline,alleightreturnedtothemountains.26March-OurdestinationwastheSotanitodeAhuacatlanpreviouslyenteredtheweekbeforecontainingthe700footplusdrop.The1200footropewasdistributedinto5more-easilycarriedconnectedcoils.Threehourswererequiredtoreachtheentranceviaasteepmountaintrail.Fourdescendedthefirst71footdropintotheentranceroomwhilefouruncoiledandfedintheropefromthesurface.Welowereditintothepitandtieditoff.Blake,whohadprevioulsybeentothe-350footlevel,rappelledfirst.Thereisabsolutelynocommunicationwithinthepit,sowhentensionslackedontheropeIdescended.Thedropwas15feetindiameterandcompletelysheerandfreefor946feet.Thebottomwas 14feetindiameterwithasmallholetoonesidedroppinganother15feettoasiphonat-1051feet(totaldepth).Wecamedirectlyoutaftersurveyingandphotographing.Deriggingtheentirecavetook2hoursafterwhichwetreckedbacktoAhuacatlanratherlate.Acompletedetailedreportwillsoonappearonthiscave.27March-Theremainingdaysofourtripwerealldown-hill.Thedaywaspiddledawayonflats,repairs,anddriving.WhenwearrivedatSotanodeVenadito'sroad'sendtheticksgreetedus.The45minutehiketook3hours.Exhaustedattheentrance,thedecisionwasaquicktriptoAustin.-Date:210April1971Destination:Cd.Valles,S.L.P.Location:SMO;SierradeElAbra;LosSabinos,Taninul,LosMonos,andLaNoriaareas.Persons:DonBroussard,RobertHanford,DavidandAnnHonea,SandyRobinsonLeslieClapp,RichCooper,BlakeHarrison,DaveJackson,RoyJameson,CraigSainsottReportedby:RoyJameson

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48OnFridayafternoon,2April,twogroupsofUTSScaversleftforValles.Onegroup,ledbyLeslieClapp,wastopickupBlakeHarrisoninSanMarcos,beforecontinuingontoCd.MantetomeettheothersSaturdaymorning.BlakehadbeendownseveralweeksearlierduringtheSWTspringbreakbeforehisVWbusenginehadblownup.AfterspendinganextraunscheduledweekridingMexicanbussesbetweenVallesandManteattemptingtolocateparts,BlakewasrescuedbyTerryRaines,myself,andseveralothernewcaverswhowentdowntofindBlakeandcheckadeeppitwhichtheSWTcavershadlocatedseveralweekspreviously.Unfortunately,hisbuswasstillinMante,sittinginthesame"garage"ithadsatinforseveralweeks,withenginepartsscatteredeverywhere.Blakehadobtainedseveralparts,butstilllackedanexhaustvalve,sowestoppedinSanAntoniobrieflytopickoneupbeforecontinuing.Thenextmorning,afterhavingonly2andahalfhourssleep,wemetDavidandhisgroupinthemainsquareinMante.Afterbreakfast,wejoinedBlakeatthegaragewherehewasalreadyattemptingtogettheMexicanstoreconstructhisengineinrecordtime.SincethiswasthefirstMexicancavingtripforseveralindividuals,wehadelectedtobeginwithhorizontalandshortverticalwork,so,afterarrangingtocheckbackwithBlakethatevening,wecontinuedontoGrutasdeQuintero,whereDavidandLesliecollectedrodentbonesforDr.Lundelius(UT),whiletherestofusbegansurveyingapreviouslyuncheckedpassage.Aftersurveyingabout300feetwecametoapracticallyunclimbablewall,beyondwhichthepassageseemedtocontinue.Bythetimethiswasscaledandwehadmappedseveralhundredmorefeetitwasgettinglate;sowhenashortuncIimbvabledropwasreached,weallreturnedtothevehicles,anddrovetotheNacimientodelR(oMantewherewecleanedup.AftersupperinMante,wenotedthatBlakewasalreadygone,sowecontinuedontowardsVallesandcampedattheAMCSCampgroundatLosSabinos,SundaymorningfoundusatCuevadeTaninuln.4collectingmorerodentbones.ThatafternoonweenteredSotanodePichijumowiththepurposeoffindingDonBroussard.'sKamet"suicidebiner"whichhehadlostattempt-ingtodeterminethedepthofapoolofwater,andMilesAbernathy'sFootJumar,bothhavingbeenlostthepreviousChristmas.Thesupposed18meterdeepwaterintowhichtheequipmenthadfallenprovedtobeonly8feetdeep,soDonmanagedtoretrievebothitemswithlittledifficulty.Unfortunately,considerablemoredifficultieswereencounteredingettingeveryoneoutofthesotano,becauseofalackofverticalgear,andsomeimproperlyconstructedequipment.RobertHanfordalsographicallydemonstratedtheneedforasafetyonFootJumars,whenhisseatslingJumarcameofftheropeandhefell25feetintoapoolofwater.Fortunatelyhewasuninjured.OnMondayourtwogroupssplitup.LeslieandhisgroupreturnedtothePichiju:rn.oarroyoandenteredSotanitodeMontecillos,whileIjoinedDavidHonea'sgroupforsomeleadhuntingnearMicos.Wehadallplannedtostaytogether,butithadbeenrainingsincethepreviousnight,andLeslie'scarcouldnotnegotiatethewetroadsintheMicosarea.Sowespentmostofthedaydrivinginalightmist,whichbecamerainjustlongenoughtothoroughlysoakDonandmyself,sincewewereridingtheToyotarunningboards.AfterseveralhoursofdrivingandaskingMexicanswherethesotanowewerehuntingforwas,wewerefinallyledtoa75'climbablepitwithnoleadsinthebottom.Sowecontinuedbacktowardthemainhighway,stoppinglongenoughtohackourwayuptothetopofashorthill,hopingtoseeanothersotanowhichhadbeenspottedfromtheair.Ofcourse,the48OnFridayafternoon,2April,twogroupsofUTSScaversleftforValles.Onegroup,ledbyLeslieClapp,wastopickupBlakeHarrisoninSanMarcos,beforecontinuingontoCd.MantetomeettheothersSaturdaymorning.BlakehadbeendownseveralweeksearlierduringtheSWTspringbreakbeforehisVWbusenginehadblownup.AfterspendinganextraunscheduledweekridingMexicanbussesbetweenVallesandManteattemptingtolocateparts,BlakewasrescuedbyTerryRaines,myself,andseveralothernewcaverswhowentdowntofindBlakeandcheckadeeppitwhichtheSWTcavershadlocatedseveralweekspreviously.Unfortunately,hisbuswasstillinMante,sittinginthesame"garage"ithadsatinforseveralweeks,withenginepartsscatteredeverywhere.Blakehadobtainedseveralparts,butstilllackedanexhaustvalve,sowestoppedinSanAntoniobrieflytopickoneupbeforecontinuing.Thenextmorning,afterhavingonly2andahalfhourssleep,wemetDavidandhisgroupinthemainsquareinMante.Afterbreakfast,wejoinedBlakeatthegaragewherehewasalreadyattemptingtogettheMexicanstoreconstructhisengineinrecordtime.SincethiswasthefirstMexicancavingtripforseveralindividuals,wehadelectedtobeginwithhorizontalandshortverticalwork,so,afterarrangingtocheckbackwithBlakethatevening,wecontinuedontoGrutasdeQuintero,whereDavidandLesliecollectedrodentbonesforDr.Lundelius(UT),whiletherestofusbegansurveyingapreviouslyuncheckedpassage.Aftersurveyingabout300feetwecametoapracticallyunclimbablewall,beyondwhichthepassageseemedtocontinue.Bythetimethiswasscaledandwehadmappedseveralhundredmorefeetitwasgettinglate;sowhenashortunclimb;.,abledropwasreached,weallreturnedtothevehicles,anddrovetotheNacimientodelR(oMantewherewecleanedup.AftersupperinMante,wenotedthatBlakewasalreadygone,sowecontinuedontowardsVallesandcampedattheAMCSCampgroundatLosSabinos.SundaymorningfoundusatCuevadeTaninuln.4collectingmorerodentbones.ThatafternoonweenteredSotanodePichijumowiththepurposeoffindingDonBroussard.'sKamet"suicidebiner"whichhehadlostattempt-ingtodeterminethedepthofapoolofwater,andMilesAbernathy'sFootJumar,bothhavingbeenlostthepreviousChristmas.Thesupposed18meterdeepwaterintowhichtheequipmenthadfallenprovedtobeonly8feetdeep,soDonmanagedtoretrievebothitemswithlittledifficulty.Unfortunately,considerablemoredifficultieswereencounteredingettingeveryoneoutofthesotano,becauseofalackofverticalgear,andsomeimproperlyconstructedequipment.RobertHanfordalsographicallydemonstratedtheneedforasafetyonFootJumars,whenhisseatslingJumarcameofftheropeandhefell25feetintoapoolofwater.Fortunatelyhewasuninjured.OnMondayourtwogroupssplitup.LeslieandhisgroupreturnedtothePichiju:rn.oarroyoandenteredSotanitodeMontecillos,whileIjoinedDavidHonea'sgroupforsomeleadhuntingnearMicos.Wehadallplannedtostaytogether,butithadbeenrainingsincethepreviousnight,andLeslie'scarcouldnotnegotiatethewetroadsintheMicosarea.Sowespentmostofthedaydrivinginalightmist,whichbecamerainjustlongenoughtothoroughlysoakDonandmyself,sincewewereridingtheToyotarunningboards.AfterseveralhoursofdrivingandaskingMexicanswherethesotanowewerehuntingforwas,wewerefinallyledtoa75'climbablepitwithnoleadsinthebottom.Sowecontinuedbacktowardthemainhighway,stoppinglongenoughtohackourwayuptothetopofashorthill,hopingtoseeanothersotanowhichhadbeenspottedfromtheair.Ofcourse,the

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49junglewasmuchtoothicktoseeanything.ThatnightwecampedintherainatLosSabi.nos.TuesdayweleftAnnandSandy,whohadbeensicksinceSunday,inVallesanddrovenorthtoElSalvadortosurveyinSotanodeVenadito.David,Don,Robert,Leslie,andIenteredwhiletheothersremainedabovetolookforothercavesinthearea.OurobjectivewastoexploreandsurveybeyondanewpitthatTerryRaineshadlocatedatChristmas.Wespentthedaysurveyingapproximately1350feetofnewpassage,muchofitinkneedeepwater.Therewerenumerousplacesinwhichitwasnecessarytoswim,andafterseveralhoursofbeingwetwewereallreadytoleave.Whilelookingaroundinonelargeroom,DavidHoneafoundaNikonwhichhadbeendroppedintothecavethreeyearspreviously(SeeShortStories).TheownerhadapparentlybeenleavingtheentrancedropofISO',hadtiredofcarryingthecameraandsotiedit(inanarmyammunitionbox)totheropeandthencontinuedup.Theammunitionboxthenfellofftherope,openingandspillingthecameraintoaplungepooloverahundredfeetbelow.TheNikonhadthenbeenwashedoveranotherplungepoolabout100'downapassagetoa100'drop,downitintoaroomatthebottomabout20by20.About6feetabovetheflooroftheroominonecornerthereisa40'long3'indiametertubeleadingtoa25footdrop.Fromhereapassageleadsseveralhundredfeettoalargeroom.Thecamerawasfoundinonecorneroftheroom,atthebottomofabout50'ofclimbdown,completeexceptfortheviewfinderandthelenscap.Therewasalargeamountofsandandmudinside,thehingeswererusted,thebodyandlensattachmentweresomewhatbattered,butthelens,amazinglyenough,wasintact--onlyafewscratchesmarreditssurface.Wealsofoundseveralonefootlonglivefer-de-lanceinablindsidepassageabout450'down.ConsideringthatVenaditotakeslargeamountsofwaterduringheavyrainsinthesummer,onebeginstowonderjustwhatgoesoninthatcaveIOnWednesdaySandyandItradedcarssothatshecouldreturn,sinceLesliehadtobebackinAustinbyThursday.EarlierwehadarrangedwithtwoCaliforniacavers,ErnestGarzaandFrankGuinney,tomeetontheroadtoCuevadelosMonosareathatday,sowestartedout.Sinceithadbeenraining,orthreateningtorainforseveraldays,weborrowedsomeextraponchosfromLeslie.Also.wehopedtobeabletosleepinahutwhichhadpreviouslybeenoccupiedbyaMexicanandhisson.Whenwereachedthearea,wefoundtheroadcontinuedonpastitupahilltowardsCuevaPinta.DonandIhadbeenridingontheoutsideofDavid'sLandcruisersowehoppedofftocheckthehutforsignsofoccupancy.AsDonandIentered,everyoneelsedecidedtocomelooktoo.Afterseveralsecondsmostofuswereinsideandhaddecidedthehutwouldofferexcellentrainprotection--besides,theMexicanwasnolongerthere.Unfortunatelyforusthoughthehutwasstilloccupied----byaboutabillionfleas.Withinsecondswewereallscratching,runningawayfromthehutmadlytearingourclothesoffandyelling,"Goddammit,whereIsthesulphur?".DavidandAnnquicklygrabbedthesulphurandjumpedintheLandcruiser,thendroveit200yds.justoutofsightofthehut,withtherestofusinquickpursuit.Thirtyminuteslaterwewerestillpickingfleasoffeachother.EventuallyAnn,theonlyonewhodidn'tenterthehut,claimedtoberidofherfleas.Fortherestofthetripshekepthereyesconstantlypeeledonus,claimingthatourfleaswerejumping49junglewasmuchtoothicktoseeanything.ThatnightwecampedintherainatLosSabinos.TuesdayweleftAnnandSandy,whohadbeensicksinceSunday,inVallesanddrovenorthtoElSalvadortosurveyinSotanodeVenadito.David,Don,Robert,Leslie,andIenteredwhiletheothersremainedabovetolookforothercavesinthearea.OurobjectivewastoexploreandsurveybeyondanewpitthatTerryRaineshadlocatedatChristmas.Wespentthedaysurveyingapproximately1350feetofnewpassage,muchofitinkneedeepwater.Therewerenumerousplacesinwhichitwasnecessarytoswim,andafterseveralhoursofbeingwetwewereallreadytoleave.Whilelookingaroundinonelargeroom,DavidHoneafoundaNikonwhichhadbeendroppedintothecavethreeyearspreviously(SeeShortStories).TheownerhadapparentlybeenleavingtheentrancedropofISO',hadtiredofcarryingthecameraandsotiedit(inanarmyammunitionbox)totheropeandthencontinuedup.Theammunitionboxthenfellofftherope,openingandspillingthecameraintoaplungepooloverahundredfeetbelow.TheNikonhadthenbeenwashedoveranotherplungepoolabout100'downapassagetoa100'drop,downitintoaroomatthebottomabout20by20.About6feetabovetheflooroftheroominonecornerthereisa40'long3'indiametertubeleadingtoa25footdrop.Fromhereapassageleadsseveralhundredfeettoalargeroom.Thecamerawasfoundinonecorneroftheroom,atthebottomofabout50'ofclimbdown,completeexceptfortheviewfinderandthelenscap.Therewasalargeamountofsandandmudinside,thehingeswererusted,thebodyandlensattachmentweresomewhatbattered,butthelens,amazinglyenough,wasintact--onlyafewscratchesmarreditssurface.Wealsofoundseveralonefootlonglivefer-de-lanceinablindsidepassageabout450'down.ConsideringthatVenaditotakeslargeamountsofwaterduringheavyrainsinthesummer,onebeginstowonderjustwhatgoesoninthatcave1OnWednesdaySandyandItradedcarssothatshecouldreturn,sinceLesliehadtobebackinAustinbyThursday.EarlierwehadarrangedwithtwoCaliforniacavers,ErnestGarzaandFrankGuinney,tomeetontheroadtoCuevadelosMonosareathatday,sowestartedout.Sinceithadbeenraining,orthreateningtorainforseveraldays,weborrowedsomeextraponchosfromLeslie.Also.wehopedtobeabletosleepinahutwhichhadpreviouslybeenoccupiedbyaMexicanandhisson.Whenwereachedthearea,wefoundtheroadcontinuedonpastitupahilltowardsCuevaPinta.DonandIhadbeenridingontheoutsideofDavid'sLandcruisersowehoppedofftocheckthehutforsignsofoccupancy.AsDonandIentered,everyoneelsedecidedtocomelooktoo.Afterseveralsecondsmostofuswereinsideandhaddecidedthehutwouldofferexcellentrainprotection--besides,theMexicanwasnolongerthere.Unfortunatelyforusthoughthehutwasstilloccupied----byaboutabillionfleas.Withinsecondswewereallscratching,runningawayfromthehutmadlytearingourclothesoffandyelling,"Goddammit,whereIsthesulphur?".DavidandAnnquicklygrabbedthesulphurandjumpedintheLandcruiser,thendroveit200yds.justoutofsightofthehut,withtherestofusinquickpursuit.Thirtyminuteslaterwewerestillpickingfleasoffeachother.EventuallyAnn,theonlyonewhodidn'tenterthehut,claimedtoberidofherfleas.Fortherestofthetripshekepthereyesconstantlypeeledonus,claimingthatourfleaswerejumping

PAGE 16

50onher--unfortunately,shewasprobablycorrect,sinceIstillhadtwofleaswhenIgotbacktoAustinandbathed3dayslater.Afterwewereallliberallydosedwithsulphur(notthatitdoesanygood)andlookinglikewalkingyellowmasses,David,Don,Robert,andIwalkedonuptofindCuevaPinta.Weveryquicklydecidedthatitwasamuchbetterplacetosleep,especiallyconsideringthatitwasdryandhadalargeflatsmoothdirtfloor.WereturnedtotheLandcruiserandbeganlunch,justasErnieandFrankdroveup.No...theydidnItstopatthehut.Afterinformingthemaboutthehut,wedecidedtoreturntoPintaandsurveyit.Later,Frank,Ernie,andIspentaboutanhourattemptingtolocatealargeclumpoftreeswhichwethoughtmightcontainasotano,butweendeduponthewrongridgeandcouldnItfindit.OnThursdaywehikeduptherangetoMonoswith800feetofropeinthehopeofcheckingaleadwhichWilliamRussellhadlocatedatChristmas,butunfortunatelyitturnedouttobeonly156feetdeep.Whenwereturnedtothevehicles,ErnieandFrankdecidedtoleavesincetheyhadalongdrivetoCaliforniaaheadofthem.FridaywehikedbackuptoMonostomapthecuevaatthetopofthepitwhileAnncopiedthepetroglyphsthatwerepresentinthecuevaforfuturereference.LaterRobertandIenteredthepit(464'entrance)tocheckforpossibleleadsatthebottombutdecidedthatweneededtoreturnwithpicksandshovelsifweweregoingtogoanydeeper.ThatafternoonweleftforAustin.-Date:3-10-April1971Destination:HoyadeZimapan,SotariodeLosLoros,SotanodelArroyo,NacimientodelRloChoyLocation:SMa;SierradeElAbra;Tanchipa,LosSabinos,Tamulnareas.Persons:JohnBassett,CraigBittinger,StevenBittinger,TerryCox,PeggyCox,MarkMintonReportedby:CraigBittingerCraigBittingerandvariousmembersoftheBIGgrottospentthefirstnightatNacimientodelRioMante.OurgroupthenproceededtoNacimientodelRloChoywherewemappedtheupperskylight.Theskylightisa350footdropwhichweenteredthroughasmallcaveatthe200footlevel.AtthebottomofthedropadeeplakewasencounteredwherethewaterboilsfrombeneaththeElAbrarangeandflowsfromthecaveformingtheRloChoy.WethenproceededtoRanchodelZimapan.InthemorningourpartyclimbedtheElAbraanddescendedintoHoyadeZi.mapan,Thelargeroomatthe-1050footlevelwasphotographedandwefinallyreturnedtothetruckat4AM.ThenextdaywasspentinrestandthefollowingmorningweonceagainclimbedtheElAbra.AlldescendedSotanodeLosLoros,-195feet,CraigandStevendida170footfreeclimbtocheckaleadwhichturnedouttobea40footlongdeadend.Wethendescendedadeadend,40footpitdiscoveredinsidethemainwalloftheSotano,Uponreturningtothetop,ashoutwasheardandalosthunterappearedoutofthejungle.Afterdrinkingtwocanteensofwater,heproceededtoexplainthathehadbeen48hourswithoutfoodandwaterandhadwanderedofffromLosSabinos.Steve,Mike,andMarkhackedthroughthejungleuntildarklookingforanelusivedepression.50onher--unfortunately,shewasprobablycorrect,sinceIstillhadtwofleaswhenIgotbacktoAustinandbathed3dayslater.Afterwewereallliberallydosedwithsulphur(notthatitdoesanygood)andlookinglikewalkingyellowm.asses,David,Don,Robert,andIwalkedonuptofindCuevaPinta.Weveryquicklydecidedthatitwasam.uchbetterplacetosleep,especiallyconsideringthatitwasdryandhadalargeflatsm.oothdirtfloor.WereturnedtotheLandcruiserandbeganlunch,justasErnieandFrankdroveup.No...theydidnItstopatthehut.Afterinform.ingthem.aboutthehut,wedecidedtoreturntoPintaandsurveyit.Later,Frank,Ernie,andIspentaboutanhourattem.ptingtolocatealargeclum.poftreeswhichwethoughtm.ightcontainasatano,butweendeduponthewrongridgeandcouldnItfindit.OnThursdaywehikeduptherangetoMonoswith800feetofropeinthehopeofcheckingaleadwhichWilliam.RussellhadlocatedatChristm.as,butunfortunatelyitturnedouttobeonly156feetdeep.Whenwereturnedtothevehicles,ErnieandFrankdecidedtoleavesincetheyhadalongdrivetoCaliforniaaheadofthem..FridaywehikedbackuptoMonostom.apthecuevaatthetopofthepitwhileAnncopiedthepetroglyphsthatwerepresentinthecuevaforfuturereference.LaterRobertandIenteredthepit(464'entrance)tocheckforpossibleleadsatthebottom.butdecidedthatweneededtoreturnwithpicksandshovelsifweweregoingtogoanydeeper.ThatafternoonweleftforAustin.-Date:3-10-April1971Destination:HoyadeZim.apan,SatanodeLosLoros,SatanodelArroyo,Nacim.ientodelRloChoyLocation:SMa;SierradeElAbra;Tanchipa,LosSabinos,Tam.ulnareas.Persons:JohnBassett,CraigBittinger,StevenBittinger,TerryCox,PeggyCox,MarkMintonReportedby:CraigBittingerCraigBittingerandvariousm.em.bersoftheBIGgrottospentthefirstnightatNacim.ientodelRioMante.OurgroupthenproceededtoNacim.ientodelRloChoywherewem.appedtheupperskylight.Theskylightisa350footdropwhichweenteredthroughasm.allcaveatthe200footlevel.Atthebottom.ofthedropadeeplakewasencounteredwherethewaterboilsfrom.beneaththeElAbrarangeandflowsfrom.thecaveform.ingtheRloChoy.WethenproceededtoRanchodelZim.apan.Inthem.orningourpartydim.bedtheElAbraanddescendedintoHoyadeZim.apan.Thelargeroom.atthe-1050footlevelwasphotographedandwefinallyreturnedtothetruckat4AM.Thenextdaywasspentinrestandthefollowingm.orningweonceagainclim.bedtheElAbra.AlldescendedSatanodeLosLoros,-195feet,CraigandStevendida170footfreeclim.btocheckaleadwhichturnedouttobea40footlongdeadend.Wethendescendedadeadend,40footpitdiscoveredinsidethem.ainwalloftheSatano.Uponreturningtothetop,ashoutwasheardandalosthunterappearedoutofthejungle.Afterdrinkingtwocanteensofwater,heproceededtoexplainthathehadbeen48hourswithoutfoodandwaterandhadwanderedofffrom.LosSabinos.Steve,Mike,andMarkhackedthroughthejungleuntildarklookingforanelusivedepression.

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TherestofthegroupandthelostMexicanreturnedtothetruck.WethendroveintoCd,ValleswherethelostMexicanwasreunitedwithhiswife,whohadthoughthewasdead.Afterabafio,wecampedatLosSabinos.ThefollowingdaywasspentlookingatCuevaPintaandsearchingforWoyate.ThatnightourgroupattendedthefiestathrowninourhonorbythetownofLosSabinos.Freeroastlamb,barbequedchicken,andallthecervezawecoulddrinksoonputeveryoneingoodspirits.ThefollowingdaywedidSotanodelArroyo.Steve,Craig,MarkandMikeswamthelakeatthebackofthecaveandlocatedthe30footdrop.Itledtoalarge,deeplakewhichneededaninnertubeforfurtherexploration.Acrawlwayledtoa40footdropwhichhadcrawlwaysleadingbacktothelargelake.OurgroupthenreturnedtoIndianabywayofKingsville.51TherestofthegroupandthelostMexicanreturnedtothetruck.WethendroveintoCd.ValleswherethelostMexicanwasreunitedwithhiswife,whohadthoughthewasdead.Afterabano,wecampedatLosSabinos.ThefollowingdaywasspentlookingatCuevaPintaandsearchingforWoyate.ThatnightourgroupattendedthefiestathrowninourhonorbythetownofLosSabinos.Freeroastlamb,barbequedchicken,andallthecervezawecoulddrinksoonputeveryoneingoodspirits.ThefollowingdaywedidSotanodelArroyo.Steve,Craig,MarkandMikeswamthelakeatthebackofthecaveandlocatedthe30footdrop.Itledtoalarge,deeplakewhichneededaninnertubeforfurtherexploration.Acrawlwayledtoa40footdropwhichhadcrawlwaysleadingbacktothelargelake.OurgroupthenreturnedtoIndianabywayofKingsville.51


Description
Contents: News and
Notes --
Short Stories --
Conservation --
Part 1. Trip Reports --
Various caves in the Sierra de El Abra. S. L. P. --
Caves along the Inter-American Highway --
Ahuacatlan, Queretaro --
Sotano de La Joya de Salas, Rancho La Joya, Tamps. --
Pazo de Gavilan. N. L. --
Cueva de Constantin. Espinazo, N. L. --
Heya de Zimapan. Tamuln, S. L. P. --
Ahuacatlan, Queretaro --
Cd. Valles, S. L. P. --
Hoya de Zimapin. Sotano de Los Lores. Sotano del Arroyo,
--
Nacimiento del Rio Chay, S. L. P.