Biospeologica bibliographia publications 2010-2

Biospeologica bibliographia publications 2010-2

Material Information

Biospeologica bibliographia publications 2010-2
Series Title:
Biospeologica Bibliographia
Besson, Jean-Pierre
Lebreton, Bernard
Publication Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
Cave Ecology ( local )
serial ( sobekcm )


General Note:
This publication lists works concerning the biology of caves. This issue includes 116 pages of references to works published in 2010.
Open Access - Permission by Author(s)
General Note:
See Extended description for more information.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
K26-00517 ( USFLDC DOI )
k26.517 ( USFLDC Handle )
4802 ( karstportal - original NodeID )

USFLDC Membership

Added automatically
Karst Information Portal

Postcard Information



This item has the following downloads:

Full Text


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-2 Page 1 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.07.2010 Modifi le : 31.08.2011 nrnn nrnn nrnn nrnn n n n n Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Le 31 aot 2011 Melanogaster sp., photo: Hlne VIDALLET Welcome to our 2nd issue of Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications Any suggestions are welcome and should be submitted to the editors at: We strongly encourage everybody to submit new tittl es and abstracts. Sincerely yours. Bienvenue sur notre 2e numro de Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications Toute suggestion est la bienvenue l'adresse mel: Nous vous encourageons nous soumettre les nouveau x titres ainsi que vos rsums. Sincrement vtres. Acknowledgments-Remerciements AKKARI Nesrine, CAMACHO Ana Isabel, COOPER John E., FRESNEDA Javier, GEORGIEV Dilian Georgiev, LATELLA Leonardo, LOHAJ Roman, MANCONI Re nata, MOCK Andrej, NARANJO Manuel, PLSSON Snbjrn, PREZ Toni, PRICE Liz, RACOVI Gheorghe, SEMIKOLENNYKH Andrey A., ŠUBA Juris, ŠEVK Martin, TRAJANO Eleonora, VIVES Eduard, WHITTEN Tony, WITTMANN Karl J., ZARAGOZA Juan Antonio. n n n n AA. VV., 2010. Fauna acquatica ipogea, Ortotteri e Chirotteri del Parco Nazionale Dolomiti Bellunesi. Parco Nazionale Dolomiti Bellunesi. Voir: SAMBUGAR (B.), FERRARESE (U.), MARTNEZ-ANSEMIL (E.) (E.), STOCH ( F.), TOMASIN (G.) & ZULLINI (A.), La fauna acquatica del le grotte del Complesso dei Piani Eterni e Isabella nel Parco Naz ionale Dolomiti Bellunesi:7-32. ABADIE (P.-M.), 2010. Le mmento de l'initiateur fdral de splologie. Incitation la dcouverte et la conna issance du milieu. Quelques pistes et lments pour une ini tiation. Mmoire d'Instructeur 2010, 41 p. ABD RAHMAN (M. R.) & ABDULLAH (M. T.), 2010. Morphological Variation in the Dusky Fruit Bat, Penthetor lucasi in Sarawak, Malaysia. Tropical Natural History 10(2, October):141-158. tml ABOLAFIA (J.), 2010. Nematodos de la Cueva del Jabal, Santiago-Pontones (Jan). Monografas Bioespeleolgicas 5:9-16. RES: En este trabajo se hace un estudio de la nemat ofauna de una cueva de la provincia de Jan, la Cueva del Jab al (SantiagoPontones), ubicada en la Sierra de Segura. ABRAMS (K.), GUZIK (M. T.), COOPER (S. J. B.), KING (R. A.) & AUSTIN (A. D.), 2010. Systematics and phylogeography of Australian Parabathynellidae (Crustacea: Bathynellacea):54. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slove nia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: The order Bathynellacea is an ancient group of subterranean aquatic (stygobitic) crustace ans which inhabit various groundwater habitats. Previous molecular an d morphological research has revealed a striking diversity of speci es and remarkably high levels of short-range endemism within the bathynell acean family Parabathynellidae of arid Western Australia. This s tudy is the first to utilize DNA sequence data to explore the higher lev el phylogenetic relationships amongst Australian parabathynellid ta xa and examine their distribution throughout the continent. Sequence dat a was generated from a region of the mitochondrial DNA cytochrome oxidas e 1 gene and nuclear 18S gene. The results suggest that genera a re largely monophyletic and revealed numerous undescribed taxa They also provide evidence for high levels of endemism in oth er regions of Australia, in addition to uncovering ancient connec tions amongst clearly disparate geographic locations. The tendency toward s short-range endemism has rendered parabathynellids vulnerable t o perturbations of groundwater, which has significant implications for their conservation management. The conservation value of these parabat hynellids is a high priority not only because of their uniqueness, but also because of their role in biofiltration and as bioindicators of groun dwater quality. These results also emphasize the conservation importance of groundwater habitats. ACHURRA (A.), CREUZ DES CHTELLIERS (M.) & RODRIGUEZ (P.), 2010. Molecular and morphological analyses reveal the presence of two species in the


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 2 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 stygobiont oligochaete Troglodrilus galarzai :72. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICS B 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: Troglodrilus galarzai (Giani & Rodriguez, 1988) is a stygobiont oligocha ete species (Tubificinae, Clitellata, Annelida) in a monospecif ic genus. Its geographical distribution appears restricted to the south western Europe, and the populations known up to date occupy two wel l separated regions, namely northern Iberian Peninsula (Ereozar and Gor beia karstic units) and south eastern France (gallery of Montgelas and Crotot cave). A previous morphological study revealed some morpholo gical differences between Iberian and French populations but conclude d that they were not substantial to separate two species. More recently, we conducted a molecular analysis of two populations of the specie s (Gorbeia and Montgelas) using 16S rDNA and COI gene sequences an d we have combined these results with a new detailed morpholo gical analysis of all known populations. The obtained genetic distances b etween Gorbeia and Montgelas populations were 17.8-18.1% for COI seque nces and 9.2-10% for 16S sequences, which together with mutual exclu sivity of the haplotypes, supported the hypothesis of the presenc e of two cryptic species in T. galarzai The new morphological study is mainly based on the reproductive system and grouped together Ereoz ar + Gorbeia populations and Montgelas + Crotot populations. We found no overlap between Iberian and French populations for some mea surements related with the penial sac and the spermathecal bulb, as w ell as key differences on the shape of the penial sheath between French an d Spanish populations. Considering both the molecular results and the differences on the morphological characters between Iberian and French populations, we suggest the presence of two species in T. galarzai DM (L.), 2010. Remarks on some European Aleocharinae, with description of a new Rhopaletes species from Croatia (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae). Travaux du Musum national d'Histoire naturelle "Grigore Antipa" 53(Dcembre):191215. DOI: ADAMS (D. C.) & NISTRI (A.), 2010. Ontogenetic convergence and evolution of foot morphology in European cave salamanders (Family: Plethodontidae). BMC Evolutionary Biology 10(July 16):216 DOI: ABS: Background: A major goal in evolutionary biology is to understand the evolution of phenotypic diversity. Both natural and sexual selection play a large role in generating phenotypic adaptations, with biomechanical requirements and developmental mechanisms mediating patterns of phenotypic evolution. For many traits, the relative importance of selective and developmental components remains understudied. Results: We investigated ontogenetic trajectories of foot morph ology in the eight species of European plethodontid cave salamander to test the hypothesis that adult foot morphology was adapted for climbing Using geometric morphometrics and other approaches, we found that d evelopmental patterns in five species displayed little morpholog ical change during growth (isometry), where the extensive interdigital webbing in adults was best explained as the retention of the juvenile mor phological state. By contrast, three species exhibited significant allom etry, with an increase in interdigital webbing during growth. Phylogenetic an alyses revealed that multiple evolutionary transitions between isometry and allometry of foot webbing have occurred in this lineage. Allometric p arameters of foot growth were most similar to those of a tropical spe cies previously shown to be adapted for climbing. Finally, interspecific variation in adult foot morphology was significantly reduced as compared to variation among juveniles, indicating that ontogenetic convergence had resulted in a common adult foot morphology across species. Conclu sions: The results presented here provide evidence of a complex histor y of phenotypic evolution in this clade. The common adult phenotype exhibited among species reveals that selection plays an important p art in generating patterns of foot diversity in the group. However, d evelopmental trajectories arriving at this common morphology are distinct; with some species displaying developmental stasis (isometry), while others show an increase in foot webbing during growth. Thus, multi ple developmental solutions exist to the same evolutionary challenge. Our findings underscore the importance of examining morphologica l adaptations from multiple perspectives, and emphasize that both sele ctive hypotheses and developmental processes must be considered for a mo re comprehensive understanding of phenotypic evolution. ADEN (E.), 2010. Eye development in the cave fish Garra barreimiae :113, poster presentation. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slove nia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: Eye degeneration is a general evolutionary tendency shown in many animal groups t hat are adapted to dark environments. Inside the Hoti Cave located in the Jabal Akhdar mountains in Oman lies a subterranean lake, which i s home to the blind fish Garra barreimiae Outside the cave, Garra barreimiae is a common species of eyed epigean surface fish. The eyes of t he blind cave fish and of its epigean ancestor have been studied comparati vely. The eye structure of the surface fish is a typical teleost eye. Parts of the eye of the cave fish show hypertrophy. Individuals compensate the lack of a lens in various ways with extreme growth of different parts of the eye. For instance, the anterior eye chamber is often filled out with a derivative of the annular ligament, and as a result the pupil no longer transmits light. The eye rudiment of the Garra barreimiae is not sunken in the orbit as is the case with other cave fish species. From these e xamples we can conclude that the adult cave fish population is ver y heterogeneous with regard to the size and structure of the eye rudimen t. To understand how this diversity evolves, the ontogenetic eye develop ment was investigated. During early ontogeny the differentiation of the ey e of hypogean Garra barreimiae is similar to the epigean one. All major structures are present. However, the lens remains in the embryonic stage, a nd no lens differentiation occurs. It disappears altogether at the age of three months. Initially there is a complete laminated retina with typical opsin expression in the photoreceptor cells. But opsin expression re mains at a low level and ceases at the age of four months. On the other hand, other retinal strata like the amacrine cell layer are well differ entiated in juvenile cave Garra and remain functional for longer than the photorece ptor cells. In adult animals, on the other hand, no evidence of fu nctional retina cells could be detected. AGNARSSON (I.), 2010. The utility of ITS2 in spider phylogenetics: notes on prior work and an example f rom Anelosimus Journal of Arachnology 38(2, August):377382. DOI: AGUIAR (L. M. S.) & MACHADO (R. B.), 2010. Bat conservation in Brazil: the Lonchophylla dekeyseri Action Plan:83. In: 15th International Bat Research Conference, Prague, 22-27 August 2010, the conference manual: Programme, abstracts, list of participants, edited by: Ivan HOR EK and Petr BENDA, ISBN 978-80-87154-46-5, 380 p. ABS: Brazilian bats, though not much known, are alr eady threatened due to habitat destruction. Lonchophylla dekeyseri is an endemic nectarivorous bat that occurs in low densit y in caverns and holes in forested and more open vegetation physiognomies of the Cerrado biome. This characteristic makes the species extrem ely sensitive to the loss and degradation of its habitat. Deforestation for agricultural and cattle expansion, coal-pit, construction of dams, m ining and forest fires represents the most critical threats. At present, t he ecological tourism, especially the speleological, can represent a signi ficant threat. L. dekeyseri population is estimated at circa of 2070 bats, all in the wild and none in captivity. There are confirmed records for L. dekeyseri in 23 Brazilian localities. Like other nectarivorous bats the reproductive system is polygenic, with many females and few adul t males. An action plan for the conservation of L. dekeyseri was concluded, composed of 10 basic actions including from activities of immediat e implementation, such as the environmental monitoring of the species' occ urrence areas, to the implementation of mid-term activities (e. g. the cr eation of supplementary protected areas), and to long term activities, such as the realization of environmental education and the development of new studies on population dynamics. Suggested actions also include s the recuperation of degraded areas, control of hematofagous bats, contr ol of cave visitation, the environmental management of vegetation remnants and the increase of both the number of environmentally protected uni ts and of new inventories in the data gap regions. In the existin g protected areas, there is a need for research on the species' ecology, using telemetry and population genetics, as well as the management of t he already altered environments in such areas. Environmental education activities are


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 3 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 urgent, with bats being used as flag species of eco logical processes, such as pollination and seed dispersal. AHYONG (S. T.), BABA (Ke.), MACPHERSON (E.) & POORE (G. C. B.), 2010. A new classification of the Galatheoidea (Crustacea: Decapoda: Anomura). Zootaxa 2676(November 15):57-68, 2 pl., 82 rf. BL: Cf p. 64, "The Munidopsidae include the deepest dwelling galatheoi ds, usually occupying slope to abyssal depths, although one spe cies, M. polymorpha lives as shallow as 2 m in submarine caves (Baba & al., 2008). AKMALI (V.), ESMAEILI RINEH (S.) & ALI (F.), 2010. Diversity and distribution of subterranean species in karst areas of Iran:129, poster presentation. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICS B 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: Species diversity includes the entire range of species found on earth In recent years a rapidly increasing amount of information is availab le about the fauna of caves and other subterranean habitats. The basis of available information on abundance of cave-dwelling species in Iran toget her with data obtained from recent studies, including observation s on more than 30 karst areas, allowed for an assessment of the distr ibution and diversity of cave-dwelling species. The diversity of subterranea n animals in Iran is not known well and for now only few species were ac cidentally reported. Cave localities including Ghoro-Ghale, Alisadr, Moz afar, Shirabad and Tadovan Caves are most important. In this study we found several species of cave-dwelling animals. The Iranian Cave-fish Iranocypris typhlops and Paracobits smithi are found in a well-like pool, the natural outlet o f a subterranean limestone system of the Zagros Mountai ns in the Abe-Sirum Valley near Tange-Haft railway station in Lorestan Province, south-west Iran. The Gorganian salamander Paradactylodon gorganensis (Urodela, Hynobiidae) was found in the eastern part of the El burz Mountains in Shirabad Cave of Golestan Province. Moreover, we en countered one large spider (Araneae: Sparacidae), one Pseudoscorp ion, three species of lizard belong to family Gekkonidae ( Asacus elisae, Hemidactylus persicus and Asacus kermanshahensis ), two genera of crustacean ( Gammarus and Niphargus ), some species of insects and 14 species of Chiroptera including five species of Rhinolophus ( R. ferrumequinum, R. hipposideros, R. euryale, R. mehelyi and R. blasii ), three Rhinopoma ( R. microphyllum, R. hardwickeii and R. muscatellum ), one Taphozous ( T. perforatus ), three Myotis ( M. emarginatus, M. blythi and M. capaccinii ), one Miniopterus ( M. schreibersii ), one Rousettus ( Rousettus aegyptiacus ), one Asellia ( A. tridens ), Plecotus ( P. austriacus ) and one Triaenops ( T. persicus ). According to the criteria listed in the IUCN Red List Categories 2010, Iranocypris typhlops and Paradactylodon gorganensis are ranked as Vulnerable and critically endangered. One of the largest challenges regarding these species is d isturbance of cave or karst habitat, especially by human activities. Almo st all caves have been excavated extensively and vandalism is a major thre at to species in caves. AKMALI (V.), SHARIFI (M.), DARVISH (J.) & ESMAEILI RINEH (S.), 2010. Distribution and abundance of cave-dwelling bats in Fars province, I ran: implication to bat conservation. Poster 44:69. In: 15th International Bat Research Conference, Prague, 22-2 7 August 2010, the conference manual: Programme, abstracts, list of participants, edited by: Ivan HOR EK and Petr BENDA, ISBN 978-80-87154-46-5, 380 p. AKMALI (V.), SHARIFI (M.), DARVISH (J.) & ESMAEILI RINEH (S.), 2010. Distribution and abundance of cave-dwelling bats in the Fars provinc e, Iran: Implications for bat conservation:84-85. In: 15th International Bat Research Conference, Prague, 22-2 7 August 2010, the conference manual: Programme, abstracts, list of participants, edited by: Ivan HOR EK and Petr BENDA, ISBN 978-80-87154-46-5, 380 p. ABS: The distribution and abundance of cave-dwelling bat s were investigated in the Fars Province in Iran. Data were collected i n February, March, April and May 2007 until 2010, from 16 caves, 14 of which had not been previously known as bat roosts. In this study 15 sp ecies were recorded; viz. Rhinolophus ferrumequinum R. hipposideros R. euryale R. mehelyi R. blasii Rhinopoma microphyllum R. muscatellum Taphozous perforatus Myotis emarginatus M. blythi M. capaccinii Miniopterus schreibersii Rousettus aegyptiacus Asellia tridens and Triaenops persicus Estimates of bat abundance have been made on the basis of emerge count or direct measurements. The most abund ant species were Miniopterus schreibersii Asellia tridens Myotis blythii Rhinopoma muscattellum R. microphyllum and Rousettus aegyptiacus The roosts were evaluated for their conservation importance ba sed on human disturbance, remains of vandalism and recent organi zed change in cave usage. The most important sites in the Fars Provinc e were the Tadovan and Sang-Eshkan caves. The Tadovan and Manian caves serve as hibernacula to approximately five bat species. The Bushigan cave is a nursery roost to approximately 2000 individuals of Rousettus aegyptiacus Presently, none of the caves in the province has adequate protection and some bat populations are under serio us threat. Almost all caves have been excavated extensively and vandalism is a major threat to bat in caves. Moreover, in recent years important c aves have lost their entire bat populations when the cave converted for tourism activities or used as water abstraction centre for human settleme nts. Comparing population estimates made in 4-5 decades ago with r ecent estimate in some caves indicate shocking loss in population of these animals. ALAOUI SOSS (B.), ALAOUI SOSS (L.), BORDERIE (F.), RAOUF (N.), BOUSTA (F.), 2010. valuation de l'utilisation du rayonnement UV-C pour limiter la prolifration ou dtruire les micro-organismes (alg ues et champignons) contaminants des milieux obscurs. Chro no environnement Universit de Franche Comt UMR 6249 LRMH. Champs-sur-Marne: LRMH; [Besanon]: Chrono-environnement, UMR 6249, 2010. 30 p.: ill. e n noir et blanc; 30 cm. Rapport correspondant la subvention conclue en 2008 entre le Ministre de la culture et de la communication, LRMH et l'Universit de Fra nceComt, Chrono-environnement, UMR 6249. Diffusion restreinte. Communication soumise autorisation. Photocopies interdites. Cote LRMH: G391. MC: Grotte, Peinture, Photosynthse, Algue, Microrganisme, Pigm ent, Lumire, UV, UVC, Traitement, Essai, Mesure, Chlorophylle, Micro biologie, Chlorophyce, Dinophyce, Contrle, Art parital, G rotte orne, Algue verte, Klebsormidium flaccidum ALEGRE BARROSO (A.) & BARBA DAZ (R.), 2010. Jimeneziella decui Avram, 1970: un opilin cubano amenazado (Arachinida: Opiliones)". Boletn de la Sociedad Entomolgica Aragonesa 47(2e semestre):455456. RES: Se aportan datos de la distribucin geogrfico de Jimeneziella decui Avram, 1970, su biologa, el estado de conservaci n de las cuevas donde habita y sus posibles amenazas. Se propone la inclusin de este arcnido en la Lista Roja de los Invertebrados de C uba. ALJAN I (G.), 2010. Fifty years of Tular Cave laboratory:113-114. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August -3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961269-286-5. ABS: Tular is a natural cave, which was formed by a local stream in the Sava river Pleistocene conglomerates in Kranj, Slovenia. It was first mentioned already in 1689 by the famous n aturalist J. V. Valvasor. Later, a subspecies of a cave beetle, Anophthalmus miklitzi ssp. staudacheri has been described from this cave. In 1944 it was p artly walled into an air-raid shelter for the nearby fact ory. In 1960, with the support of the Biological Institute at the Medical Faculty in Ljubljana, and through the help of the town of Kranj, the cave was turned into a laboratory by speleobiologist Marko Aljan i (1933-2007), who populated it with the European cave salamander, Proteus anguinus (Amphibia: Urodela). It is the only cave laboratory in Slovenia and apart from the cave laboratory in Moulis, France the only place with succesful breeding of this endangered cave amphibia n in captivity. Since 2002, a colony of the dark pigmented subspecies, Proteus anguinus parkelj is also studied in this laboratory. In the laborato ry, the ecology and behaviour of Proteus mainly its breeding, are studied. Considerable effort was put in the fieldwork observing Proteus' behaviour, surveying environmental parameters of the habitat, verifying the old data on its


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 4 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 presence and documenting new localities. Another im portant subject is the study of the history of research of Proteus Owing to this interest, the laboratory has put together an extensive library on this species. The laboratory also raises the public awareness of Proteus as the symbol of the Slovene natural history, with special emphasis on nature conservation. Since the beginning, one of the missions of Tular w as to establish a breeding colony, which could reintroduce Proteus back to a destroyed habitat. This idea became most urgent after the dis covery of an extremely vulnerable and rare P. a. parkelj in SE Slovenia, where even a local pollution could destroy the entire population. Occa sionally, the laboratory serves as a sanctuary for injured specimens that were washed out of their subterranean habitat. ALJAN I (G.) & PRELOVŠEK (M.), 2010. Does Proteus detect and react to a sudden rise of water conducti vity which indicates incoming flood?:114-115, poster presentation. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August -3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961269-286-5. ABS: The European cave salamander, Proteus anguinus (Amphibia: Urodela) is restricted to its aquatic ca ve habitat. However, during seasonal flooding, some individuals are wash ed out of their subterranean environment. In fact, this was the onl y way to obtain Proteus through the early decades of its research. Also, ma ny new localities were discovered on the account of this, obviously not rare, phenomena. Though this may be considered as a highl y hazardous way of Proteus to disperse into new habitats, it is clear that all these individuals present a constant loss for their population. There are several suggestions how Proteus could directly detect the coming flood and search f or shelter (sensing sudden rise of water level/increase of wat er current, detecting changes of sound owing to the higher water level/pe rcolating water, sensing the changes of temperature/chemistry of wat er, etc.), though non of them were observed or tested. Recently, another possibility was proposed by M. Prelovšek. Precise measurements of s everal physical and chemical parameters of cave water have revealed a s ignificant rise in electrical conductivity shortly after first rain, u p to several hours before a substantial rise of the water level. Namely, the ra in above the cave squeezes the old, saturated water from the aquifer. A fast response of local infiltration of precipitation is followed by higher but later flow of water from a distant but larger catchment area, whi ch actually brings the flood, and a rapid decrease of electrical conductiv ity. On the basis of a short preliminary behavioural test, performed in th e Tular Cave Laboratory, it was not possible to conclude with ce rtainty whether Proteus is sensitive to the changes of electrical conductiv ity in the range that appears in a cave water prior the flood. Furth er laboratory investigation, supported by observation in nature i s needed. ALLEGRUCCI (G.), TREWICK (S. A.), FORTUNATO (A.), CARCHINI (G.) & SBORDONI (V.), 2010. Cave Crickets and Cave Weta (Orthoptera, Rhaphidophorida e) from the Southern End of the World: A Molecular Phylogeny Test of Biogeographical Hypotheses. Journal of Orthoptera Research 19(1):121-130. DOI: ABS: In this study we reconstructed the molecular phylogeny and attempted to infer historical biogeography of a sample of cricket species, most o f them cave-dwelling, belonging to the subfamily Macropathinae (Orthopter a, Rhaphidophoridae) which shows a clear Gondwanan dis tribution. We sequenced fragments of 4 genes (12S rRNA, 16S rRNA, 18S rRNA and 28S rRNA), for a total of 1993 bp. We present here preliminary data based on a total of 17 species, 11 belonging to Mac ropathinae and representative of the main regions of Gondawanaland 7 to Aemodogryllinae and Rhaphidophorinae from India, Bh utan, China, Philippines and the Sulawesi Islands. The use of re laxed molecular clocks by means of Bayesian analysis allowed us to estimat e the timing of the main cladogenetic events, using calibration of a mo lecular clock; the clock is based on the plate disjunction of Africa f rom South America, Australia from Zealandia (New Zealand), or Australi a from Antarctica. The latter was considered at two different datings on the basis of two alternative palaeogeographic hypotheses. Node datin g using separation of Africa or a model of earlier separation of Australi a from Antarctica, suggests that the main cladogenetic events in the M acropathinae phylogeny could be explained by vicariance hypothes es, related to the Gondwana fragmentation. However, two other equally valid calibrations suggest that lineage formation is not consistent wi th vicariant processes and requires either some long-distance dispersal, o r an inconceivable age of origin of this family of insects, enabling the p rior existence of all lineages in Gondwanaland with subsequent regional e xtinction. KW: Gondwanaland, molecular rates, biogeography, cave c rickets, Macropathinae, Rhaphidophoridae. ALLEGRUCCI (G.), TRUCCHI (E.) & SBORDONI (V.), 2010. Patterns of speciation in Dolichopoda cave crickets (Orthoptera, Rhaphidophoridae):54-55. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICS B 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: This study focuses on the phylogenetic relationships among nin ety percent of known Dolichopoda species (44 out of 49); primarily a Mediterranean genus, distributed from eastern Pyrenees to Caucasus. A to tal of 2490 base pairs were sequenced corresponding to partial sequences o f one nuclear (28S rRNA) and three mitochondrial genes (12S, 16S and C OI). A relaxed molecular clock, inferred from Bayesian analysis wa s applied to estimate the divergence times between the lineages using wel l dated palaeoevents of the study areas. Molecular substitution rates pe r lineage per million years were also obtained for each analysed gene. Ba sed on the nearly complete species phylogeny, temporal patterns of di versification were analysed using Lineage-Through-Time plots and diver sification statistics. Alternative hypotheses about the colonization of we stern Mediterranean by Dolichopoda species were tested by means of Approximate Bayesi an Computation analysis and by comparing the degree of discordance between species trees and gene trees under four pla usible biogeographic scenarios. Both phylogenetic reconstruction and res ults from the biogeographical hypotheses test suggested that the current distribution of Dolichopoda species has been essentially shaped from the palaeogeographic and climatic events occurred in th e Mediterranean region, starting from Late Miocene up to the Plio-P leistocene. Our results suggest that the current distribution of Dolichopoda can be explained by a combination of both vicariance and dispersal events with many processes occurring in ancestral epigean populations before t he invasion of the subterranean environment. ALLEN (L. C.), TURMELLE (A. S.), WIDMAIER (E. P.), HRISTOV (N. I.), McCRACKEN (G. F.) & KUNZ (T. H.), 2010. Variation in Physiological Stress between Bridgeand Cave-Roosting Brazilian Free-Tailed Bat s. Conservation Biology Early View (Articles online in advance of print). DOI: ABS: Since the late 1980s, Brazilian free-tailed bats ( Tadarida brasiliensis ) have increasingly used bridges as roosts in the southern United States. We examined differences in blood cortisol levels, body condition, and parasite load, as measu res of physiological stress in bats roosting in bridges and bats roostin g in caves. We collected data during three periods, coinciding with female p hases of reproduction. For all measures, bats were captured during the nig htly emergence from the roost and immediately sampled. Cortisol levels were significantly higher during pregnancy and lactation and in indivi duals with lower body-condition scores (length of forearm to mass ra tio) and significantly higher in bats roosting in caves than in those roos ting in bridges. Thus, we concluded that individuals of this species that roost in bridges are not chronically stressed and seem to be unaffected by h uman activities present at bridges. This is a rare documented insta nce where a humandominated environment does not appear to be adverse ly affecting the physiological health of a free-ranging animal. RES: Desde fines de la dcada de 1980, murcilagos ( Tadarida brasiliensis ) han incrementado el uso de puentes como perchas en el sur de los Estado s Unidos. Examinamos las diferencias en los niveles de cortis ol en la sangre, condicin del cuerpo y carga de parsitos, como med idas del estrs fisiolgico en murcilagos que perchan en puentes y murcilagos que perchan en cuevas. Recolectamos datos durante 3 per odos, coincidentes con las fases reproductivas de hembras. Para todas las medidas, los murcilagos fueron capturados al salir de sus perch as y procesados inmediatamente. Los niveles de cortisol fueron sign ificativamente mayores durante el embarazo y la lactancia y en ind ividuos con valores bajos en la condicin del cuerpo (relacin longitud del antebrazo masa) y significativamente mayores en murcilagos que per chan en cuevas que en los que perchan en puentes. Por lo tanto, conclu imos que los individuos de esta especie que perchan en puentes n o estn estresados crnicamente y parece que las actividades humanas e n el puente no les


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 5 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 afectan. Esta es una rara instancia en la que un am biente dominado por humanos parece no afectar negativamente la salud fi siolgica de una especie de libre movimiento. KW: Artificial roosts, bats, conservation physiology, cortisol, disturbance, stresscortisol, estrs, fisiologa de la conservacin, perchas artificiales, perturbacin. American Museum of Natural History, 2010. Phylogenetic analysis of Mexican cave scorpions suggests adaptat ion to caves is reversible. ScienceDaily March 18. 133 722.htm ANDERSON (G.), 2010. Cumacea Classification. January 20. BL: 1593 espces. ANDERSON (G.), 2010. Lophogastrida Classification. January 20. BL: 58 espces. ANDERSON (G.), 2010. Mysida Classification. January 20. BL: 1106 espces. ANDERSON (G.), 2010. Stygiomysida Classification. January 20. BL: 16 espces. ANDERSON (T.), 2010. New Species from Ancient Caves. National Wildlife Federation 01-15-2010:2 p., ABS: Biologists exploring the underworld of California's southern Sierra Nevada a re discovering a host of new species as well as threats to cave habitat. ANDREEV (A. I.), STAROVA (O. S.), SHUSTOV (V. M.) & al., 2010. Respiration rate and thermal preferences of stygobiont amphipods from Babinogorskaya cave. 4th International Scientific Conference to commemorate Prof. G. G. WINDERG, "Modern Problems of Aquatic Ecology" St. Petersburg, Russia, 11-15 October 2010, Zoologi cal Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences, Russian Hydrobiological Society, St. Petersburg Scientific Centre of Russian Academy of Sciences, Scientific Council of Hydrobiology and Ichthyology of Russian Academy of Sciences, Russian Foundation for Basic Research, bo ok of abstracts, edited by Andrey PRZHIBORO, St. Petersbu rg. ANKER (A.), 2010. Metabetaeus Borradaile, 1899 revisited, with description of a new marine species from Frenc h Polynesia (Crustacea: Decapoda: Alpheidae). Zootaxa 2552(July 29):37-54, 16 pl., 16 rf. ABS: The alpheid shrimp genus Metabetaeus was previously known from two species associated with anchialine pools and caves, M. minutus (Whitelegge, 1897) and M. lohena Banner & Banner, 1960. In the present study, a som ewhat unusual, coral reef inhabiting species of Metabetaeus M. mcphersonae n. sp., is described based on one male and three femal e specimens collected off Moorea, Society Islands, French Polynesia. A de tailed diagnosis of Metabetaeus is provided for the first time, accommodating char acters of all three species. Distribution ranges are updated for M. minutus recorded for the first time from Sulawesi and Christmas Isla nd in the Indian Ocean, and for M. lohena recorded for the first time from Rapa Nui (Easter Island). A key to the species of Metabetaeus is also provided. KW: Caridea, Alpheidae, shrimp, Metabetaeus new species, Pacific Ocean, French Polynesia, Indian Ocean, new records. ANONYME, 2010. Carnet noir: Reno BERNASCONI nous a quitts. Vendredi, 23 Avril 2010 11:18. ANONYME, 2010. Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora. Fifteen th meeting of the Conference of Parties Doha (Qatar), 16-28 January 2010. Consideration of Proposals for Amendm ent of Appendices I. 13 p. ANONYME, 2010. Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora. Fifteen th meeting of the Conference of the Parties Doha (Qata r), 1325 March 2010. Consideration of Proposals for Amendment of Appendices I and II. 10 p. ANONYME, 2010. Journey to the interior. Wings of Oman (November):20-26 (5 p.). ANONYME, 2010. Lascaux cave paintings are safe for moment. The Advertiser, Dordogne 17(July):3. ANONYME, 2010. Les Chiroptres et la lgislation minire. Chiroptres Infos 5(Novembre):1-2. ANONYME, 2010. News and notes: See the bats of bracken cave. Bats 28(1, Spring):16. -archives.html ANONYME, 2010. News and notes: The bat cave is back. Bats 28(1, Spring):17. ANONYME, 2010. Reno BERNASCONI. Membre d'honneur de la SSS 1933-2010. ANAR Bull' 28:8. ANTOLINC (E.), JANEKOVI (F.), PERC (M.) & NOVAK (T.), 2010. Cold-hardiness in central European troglophiles and trogloxenes:115. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slove nia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: Cold-hardiness is the ability of organisms to survive shorter or longer exposure to temperatur es lower than those causing their body fluids to freeze. Trogloxenes, c haracterized as not adapted, and troglophiles not completely adapted to hypogean, thermostable environments, have not lost their ability to withstand freezing, while troglobionts presumably did. We hypothesized that troglophiles are less cold-hardy than trogloxenes, which are better adapted to unstable epigean environments, including freezing. We assume d that coldhardiness can serve as one of relevant measures to discuss the degrees of adaptation to hypogean environments. In our investi gation, 25 trogloxene and troglophile species temporary or permanently in habiting central European caves, and three troglobiont reference spe cies were tested for their cold resistance. The specimens for the analys is were collected in winter and summer, if present in caves, otherwise o nce a year in either of these seasons. We measured their supercooling point s (SCPs) within a precise thermostatic cooling chamber, starting at 2.0C, and stopped at 12.0C, which no individual sustained. The specimen s were exposed to the experimental temperature for 24 hrs and afterwa rds they were hold for 48 hrs in a refrigerator at 2.0C. The procedure wa s carried out consequently at 1.0C lower temperatures until reac hing the SCP. As expected, troglophiles are generally less cold-hard y than trogloxenes. The SCP values differed much with respect to the specie s and developmental stages, while the differences between winter and su mmer individuals were negligible. The resistance to cold is not sexdependant. AR GALL (E.) & LE DUFF (M.), 2010. Intercalibration de l'indicateur "macroalgues intertidales" dans le cad re de l'application de la Directive Cadre sur l'eau. Rapp ort de contrat. ARBEA (J. I.) & PREZ (T.), 2010. Contribucin al conocimiento de los Colmbolos Caverncolas de la Provincia de Jan (II): Cuevas del Municipio de Sil es. Bioespeleologa:126-129. En Historia de las Explora ciones y Catlogo de Cavidades del Trmino Municipal de Si les. Grupo de Espeleologa de Villacarrillo (G. E. V.) ( ed.). RES: Lista de especies de colmbolos encontrados po r el G. E. V. en cavidades del trmino municipal de Sile s (Jan). ARIANI (A. P.) & WITTMANN (K. J.), 2010. Feeding, Reproduction, and Development of the Subterranean


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 6 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 Peracarid Shrimp Spelaeomysis bottazzii (Lepidomysidae) from a Brackish Well in Apulia (Southeastern italy) Journal of Crustacean Biology 30(3, August):384-392. DOI: ABS: A population of the "eyeless" hypogean shrimp Spelaeomysis bottazzii was studied over a three-year period in a shallow brackish-water wel l about 1 km from the Mediterranean coast. Mature males and immature fema les were numerous year round, whereas breeding females and juveniles were rare. The main stages of young in the brood pouch were embryos, na uplioids, and postnauplioids; all were unpigmented, unlike the po stnauplioids in a congeneric species. In this well, the free-living s tages fed mainly on autotrophic micro-organisms. The accumulation of fa t reserves was judged from the amount of subcuticular fat bodies a nd from body colour. Fat status improved with increasing body size in bo th sexes; seasonal variations were not significant. Only "fat" specime ns produced eggs. Females incubating eggs were fatter than those with larvae. Field and laboratory findings suggest that fat accumulation n ear the photic zone is necessary for egg formation, whereas larval incubat ion is very long and mostly occurs elsewhere, probably in deep groundwat er under unfavourable nutritional conditions. The observed p ost-reproductive reduction of ostegites may indicate a peculiar str ategy to avoid a new breeding cycle before reconstitution of fat reserve s. The findings on feeding and reproduction, particularly regarding fe cundity and natality, are interpreted as a combination of typically hypog ean features along with epigean environmental adaptations. KW: Brackis h water, fat status, fecundity, ground water, hypogean habitats, marsupi al incubation, secondary sexual characteristics, Spelaeomysis bottazzii ASSING (V.), 2010. Four new species and additional records of Staphylinidae from Spain, primarily from the sou th (Insecta: Coleoptera). Linzer Biologische Beitrge 42/2(19.XII):1105-1124. Association TM 71, 2010. Rserve Naturelle. Grotte du T. M. 71. valuation Plan gestion 2004-2008 version 1.2. Novembre 2009-Dcembre 2010, 95 p. AUDIBERT (C.), 2010. Liste commente des Mollusques terrestres et dulcicoles de la rgion Rhne-Alpes. Folia conchyliologica 2(Juillet):5-29, avec les photos d'Alain BERTRAND. AUDIBERT (C.), ER SS (Z. P.), PLL-GERGELY (B.), HUNYAD (A.) & FEHR (Z.), 2010. Nouvelles donnes sur la rpartition des Gastropodes (Mollus ca, Gastropoda) continentaux de Turquie. Biocosme msogen 27(2):43-69. BL: Cf p. 57, Mesolimax sp. (cf. brauni ?) MERS N, Erdemli, 27 km au sud-ouest, grotte de Cennet k ; 28-III-2002 (EZP, FZ & HA). AVGUŠTIN (G.), GRAMC (S.), BIZJAK MALI (L.), BULOG (B.) & AMBROI AVGUŠTIN (J.), 2010. The structure and diversity of the microbial commun ity inhabiting the hind gut of the olm ( Proteus anguinus ):163. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: The amphibian salamanders known as "olms" inhabit the K arst underground systems along the Mediterranean Sea. Adapted exclus ively to underground environment, which is denoted by comple te darkness and lack of nutrients, they have developed an ability t o survive for long periods without or with very little food. Since the y are predators living mainly on avertebral pray, containing chitin, their microbial gut symbionts are most likely crucially involved in the ir nutrition. However, such possibilities have not yet been investigated i ntensely. Here we describe the first attempts to reveal the structure of the microbial community inhabiting of the olm's gut by traditiona l culturing and molecular biology approach. The gut contents of the animals from the "Planinska jama" underground Karst cave located in the South West of Slovenia were used for total microbial DNA isolatio n and subsequently the 16S ribosomal RNA genes were amplified using co nserved bacterial and archaeal oligonucleotide primers. The randomly selected clones containing inserted amplicons were sequenced at Mar ogen Inc. Our efforts to amplify the acrhaeal 16S rRNA genes were not successful. The comparative sequence analysis of the bacterial part of the community displayed a rather unusual structure, however, with more than 80% of the retrieved sequences belonging to representatives of the bacterial phylum Firmicutes and within them to the genus Peptostreptococcus Incertae Sedis of the clostridial class. The rest of the seq uences were assigned to Firmicutes too, mainly to the genus Clostridium and to unclassified Clostridiales The closest hits in RDP databank were sequences f rom uncultured bacteria from the gut contents of variou s animals. Several pure cultures were already retrieved which posses chitin olytic activity. The specificity of the olm's gut microbiota structure c oincides well with the uniqueness of its host, of the host's environment a nd nutritional particularity. VILA-FLORES (R.), 2010. Resource selection by slowand fast-flying insectivorous bats in a heavily urb anized landscape:91-92. In: 15th International Bat Research Conference, Prague, 22-27 August 2010, the conferen ce manual: Programme, abstracts, list of participants, edited by: Ivan HOR EK and Petr BENDA, ISBN 978-8087154-46-5, 380 p. ABS: An acoustic bat monitoring conducted in Mexico City in 2002 suggested that fastand slow-f lying insectivorous species exhibited different patterns of habitat use while foraging in the urban landscape. Based on a limited number of speci es detected, it was apparent that molossids were the most successful sp ecies in the city, presumably because the high flight altitude associa ted with fast flight would allow them to have access to virtually any pl ace in the city. Small vespertilionids, on the other hand, seemed to be re stricted to large vegetated areas within the urban landscape (large p arks) or off the city. In this study, I use historical records of bats collec ted in the Mexico City area (<10 km from the edge of the city) to test the hypothesis that fastand slow-flying species select urban habitats diffe rently. I found a similar number of individual records for slow and fast flye rs, but most records from heavily urbanized locations belonged to only 3 species: molossids Tadarida brasiliensis and Nyctinomops macrotis and vespertilionid Lasiurus cinereus Interestingly, the 3 species have a high wing asp ect ratio (indicative of fast flight) and have been fou nd flying at high altitudes. In contrast, most slow-flying vespertilo nids were collected either before 1985 (when the city was less urbanize d) or in the more rural suburbia. The few slow flyers that reached centric locations were collected within large vegetated areas or very clos e to them. The limited information on roost selection by bats indicates th at roosts are not a limiting factor for molossids in the city, but they could be limiting for treeand cave-dwelling vespertilionid species. Thi s analysis suggests that a combination of flight performance and roost requi rements explain the success of some insectivorous species in heavily ur banized landscapes. AZA-BUSTOS (A.), GONZLEZ-SILVA (C.), SALAS (L.), PALMA (R. E.) & VICUA (R.), 2010. A novel subaerial Dunaliella species growing on cave spiderwebs in the Atacama Desert. Extremophiles 14(5):443-452. DOI: ABS: Strategies for life adaptation to extreme environme nts often lead to novel solutions. As an example of this assertion, here we describe the first species of the well-known genus of green unicellula r alga Dunaliella able to thrive in a subaerial habitat. All previously re ported members of this microalga are found in extremely saline aquatic env ironments. Strikingly, the new species was found on the walls of a cave lo cated in the Atacama Desert (Chile). Moreover, on further inspection we noticed that it grows upon spiderwebs attached to the walls of the entran ce-twilight transition zone of the cave. This peculiar growth habitat sugg ests that this Dunaliella species uses air moisture condensing on the spider web silk threads as a source of water for doing photosynthes is in the driest desert of the world. This process of adaptation recapitula tes the transition that allowed land colonization by primitive plants and s hows an unexpected way of expansion of the life habitability range by a microbial species. KW: Dunaliella Atacama Desert, Evolution, Cave, Adaptations, Wat er. AZA-BUSTOS (A.), GONZLEZ-SILVA (C.), SALAS (L.), WYNNE (J. J.), McKAY (C. P.), PALMA (R. E.) & VICUA (R.), 2010. Atacama Desert Caves as Analog Models of Habitability for Microbial Life on the Su rface of Mars. Astrobiology Science Conference 2010. AZA-BUSTOS (A.) & VICUA (R.), 2010. Chilean Cave Cyanidium Cellular Origin, Life in Extreme Habitats and


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 7 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 Astrobiology, 1, Volume 13, Red Algae in the Genomi c Age, Part 4, Pages 427-439. DOI: ABS: Caves represent an interesting habitat for searchin g life in extreme environments, since they offer a stable protected e nvironment from harsh and changing outside prevailing conditions. Here we report that in a coastal cave of the hyperarid Atacama Desert, a mem ber of the ancient eukaryote red algae Cyanidium group was found forming a seemingly monospecific biofilm growing under extremely low ph oton flux levels. Our work suggests that this species, Cyanidium sp. Atacama, is a new member of a recently proposed novel monophyletic li neage of mesophilic "cave" Cyanidium sp., distinct from the remaining three other linea ges which are all thermo-acidophilic. The cave describe d here may be acting as an evolutionary island for life in the midst of the Atacama. KW: Cave Cyanidium Atacama Desert, red algae, Mars analogs. BA KOR (P.), 2010. Abandoned old mines in the Central Slovakia: Important bat hibernation sites. Poster 6 5:71. In: 15th International Bat Research Conference, Prague, 2227 August 2010, the conference manual: Programme, abstracts, list of participants, edited by: Ivan HOR EK and Petr BENDA, ISBN 978-80-87154-46-5, 380 p. BA KOR (P.), 2010. Abandoned old mines in the Central Slovakia: Important bat hibernation sites:95. In: 15th International Bat Research Conference, Prague, 22-2 7 August 2010, the conference manual: Programme, abstracts, list of participants, edited by: Ivan HOR EK and Petr BENDA, ISBN 978-80-87154-46-5, 380 p. ABS: The mountains of the Bansk Bystrica region (4843' N, 1908'E) represented very important copper deposit (Špania d olina, ubietov and Osrblie) for the entire medieval Europe of the 14-1 6th centuries. Mining was abandoned at these sites approximately 200 year s ago and some of the mines serve as bat hibernacula. Altitudinal dis tribution of these hibernation sites range from 440 to 850 m a. s. l. The analysed data were obtained in January and February (usually winter ce nsus) and cover a seven-year period (2003-2010). Altogether 714 inds. of 11 bat species ( Rhinolophus ferrumequinum R. hipposideros Myotis bechsteinii M. blythii M. myotis M. mystacinus M. brandtii M. daubentonii M. emarginatus Barbastella barbastellus Plecotus auritus and P. austriacus ) were recorded hibernating in seven old mines (min e length 50-1500 m). This number represents 39.3% of the bat fauna of Slovakia (n=28). The predominant species were R. hipposideros (d=69.6%; F=26.1%) and M. myotis (d=22.7%; F=13.0%). Barbastella barbastellus also ranked among abundant bats (d=3.8%; F=4.3%). W ith respect to the population trend of predominant species a moderate increase (r2=0.664; p=0.073) was recorded. The main threat to the hiber nating bats represent mineral collectors as the mines are type sites for three minerals. BA KOR (P.), UHRIN (M.), VIŠ OVSK (Z.), URBAN (P.) & GRESCH (A.), 2010. Preh'ad nlezov netopierov (Chiroptera) a chiropterologick bibliografia Nrod nho parku Nzke Tatry (stredn Slovensko) [Review of ba t records (Chiroptera) and chiropterological bibliogr aphy of the Nzke Tatry National Park (Central Slovakia)]. Vespertilio 13/14:3-34. ABS: Altogether 20 bat species were recorded in the Nzke Tatry National Park (Nzke Ta try Mts., Lower Tatra Mts.), including the buffer zone and adjacent areas in 1996-2010. The results include 621 bat records from the winter period and 129 records from the summer period. In total, 399 local ities with bat occurrence were recorded: 123 new or unpublished, 2 18 published and 58 osteological sites. The main method of research (85 % of the records) was winter census in hibernacula (caves, old mines, hou se basement, etc.). Additional methods included bat detecting, census i n summer roosts and netting. The following species were found: Rhinolophus ferrumequinum R. hipposideros Myotis bechsteinii M. blythii M. myotis M. brandtii M. mystacinus M. daubentonii M. dasycneme M. emarginatus M. nattereri Pipistrellus pipistrellus Nyctalus noctula Eptesicus nilssonii E. serotinus Vespertilio murinus Barbastella barbastellus Plecotus auritus and P. austriacus They make up 71.1% of the bat fauna of Slovakia. Altitudinal distribution of the sites was between 375 and 1510 m a. s. l. (range 1135 m). The dominant species wer e Myotis myotis (65.7%), Rhinolophus hipposideros (15.1%) and bats of the Myotis mystacinus complex (7.8%). Myotis myotis showed also the highest frequency of observations (22.7%), followed by Rhinolophus hipposideros with 22.3%, and Eptesicus nilssonii with 10.0%. In the study area, we confirmed nursery colonies (mostly i n the loft spaces) of the following species: Rhinolophus hipposideros Myotis myotis M. blythii M. emarginatus and Vespertilio murinus The northern part of the Nzke Tatry Mts. (mainly the Demnovsk jaskyne Cav e System) is an important hibernation area of Eptesicus nilssonii and bats of the Myotis mystacinus complex in Slovakia. A complete bibliography of th e literature on bats of the Nzke Tatry Mts. is added : altogether 101 published and 20 unpublished papers were gathered. KW: Bats, faunistics, hibernacula, summer roosts, literary so urces, Western Carpathians. BAEZA (J. A.), 2010. Observations on the sexual system and the natural history of the semi-terrestrial shrimp Merguia rhizophorae (Rathbun, 1900). Invertebrate Biology 129(3, Summer):266-276. DOI: ABS: The sexual system of the semi-terrestrial shrimp Merguia rhizophorae is described, along with natural history observations on this unusual caridean. Individuals of M. rhizophorae in the Bocas del Toro Archipelago, Panama, were found occupying fossilized coral terraces in the upper and mid-inte rtidal zones, inhabiting caves and crevices, in and out of water. These foss ilized coral terraces represent a new habitat for this species, which was previously reported only from mangrove swamps. Males, which made up 65% of the studied population, were smaller than females on average. N o small juvenile females were observed, but transitional individuals having the characteristics of both males (gonopores) and femal es (ovaries) were observed in the population. These data suggest that individuals of M. rhizophorae are protandric hermaphrodites. Logistic regression indicated that the carapace length at which 50% of the indivi duals change sex is 4.89 mm. The abundance of shrimps at the study site was low. Shrimps were usually solitary, but occasionally observed in groups of 5 individuals. Shrimps were commonly observed walking while out of water, and in some cases, emerged shrimps jumped vi gorously, presumably to avoid capture by the researcher or by predatory crabs. Additional studies on the reproductive biology and the behavioral ecology of members of this genus and of members of the closely related families Barbouridae and Lysmatidae will aid in und erstanding the evolutionary origin and the adaptive value of gende r expression patterns in shrimps. KW: Sex allocation, sex ratio, protandr y, Caridea. BALVN (O.) & VILMOV (J.), 2010. Bat bugs of the family Cimicidae (Heteroptera):96-97. In: 15th International Bat Research Conference, Prague, 22-2 7 August 2010, the conference manual: Programme, abstracts, list of participants, edited by: Ivan HOR EK and Petr BENDA, ISBN 978-80-87154-46-5, 380 p. ABS: The family Cimicidae (Insecta: Heteroptera) represe nts one of the principal groups of bat ectoparasites. The relation of a part of the species to birds or man is believed to be secondary. The ci micids are obligatorily haematophagous and exhibit a specific host exploita tion behavior: both adults and larvae of Cimicidae stay on the body of their host only when feeding, the rest of the time they hide nearby. Usi ng molecular and morphometric methods we study the phylogeography, t axonomy, population structure and ecology of the Cimex and Oeciacus species originally distributed mostly in the Holarctic regi on. In case of material available the phylogenetic study is planned to comp rise the whole family. Based on sequences of two mitochondrial genes, we f ound a close relation between the species of the genus Oeciacus parasitizing birds from the family Hirundinidae and the species of the Cimex pipistrelli group that contains parasites of bats. The relation s between particular taxa suggest that their evolution comprised multipl e host switches from bats to swallows or the other way and that the morp hological similarity of the taxa is associated rather with the host than th eir phylogeny. Based on the analysis of the same genes we found 21 mitochon drial haplotypes in the population of the common bed bug, Cimex lectularius represented by 30 samples from man and 36 from bats collected in s everal European countries. Only one haplotype was shared between po pulations from man and from bats. The phylogenetic analyses revealed o ne supported clade comprising exclusively samples from bats. This sugg ests a large degree of isolation of the two subpopulations of the bed b ug that may have persisted since the man left caves as his shelter s hared with bats. The two subpopulations were found conspicuously distinct al so morphologically. BANKS (E. D.), TAYLOR (N. M.), GULLEY (J.), LUBBERS (B. R.), GIARRIZO (J. G.), BULLEN (H. A.), HOEHLER (T. M.) & BARTON (H. A.), 2010.


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 8 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 Bacterial Calcium Carbonate Precipitation in Cave Environments: A Function of Calcium Homeostasis. Geomicrobiology Journal 27(5, July):444-445. DOI: ABS: To determine if microbial species play an active role in the development of calcium carbonate (CaCO3) deposits (speleothems) in cave environments, we isolated 51 culturable bacteria from a coralloid speleothem and tested their ability to dissolve and precipitate CaCO3. The majority of these isolates could precipitate CaCO3 minerals; scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffractrometry demonstrated that aragoni te, calcite and vaterite were produced in this process. Due to the inability of dead cells to precipitate these minerals, this suggested that calcification requires metabolic activity. Given growth of these species o n calcium acetate, but the toxicity of Ca2+ ions to bacteria, we created a loss-of-function ge ne knock-out in the Ca2+ ion efflux protein ChaA. The loss of this protein inhibited growth on media containing calcium, sugge sting that the need to remove Ca2+ ions from the cell may drive calcification. With n o carbonate in the media used in the calcification studies, we used stable isotope probing with C13O2 to determine whether atmospheric CO2 could be the source of these ions. The resultant crystals were s ignificantly enriched in this heavy isotope, suggesting that extracellular C O2 does indeed contribute to the mineral structure. The physiologi cal adaptation of removing toxic Ca2+ ions by calcification, while useful in numerous environments, would be particularly beneficial to b acteria in Ca2+-rich cave environments. Such activity may also create th e initial crystal nucleation sites that contribute to the formation o f secondary CaCO3 deposits within caves. KW: Calcite, calcium caves, coralloids, homeostasis, speleothems. BARATTI (M.), FILIPPELLI (M.), NARDI (F.) & MESSANA (G.), 2010. Molecular phylogenetic relationships among some stygobitic cirolanid speci es (Crustacea, Isopoda). Contributions to Zoology 79(2):5767. ABS: Within the Cirolanidae, a widespread family of marine isopods, about 23 genera are stygobitic and inhabit phreatic and anchialine ecosystems, with many endemic species. T he Mediterranean area has a high biodiversity of subterranean cirola nids, which are considered thalassoid limnostygobionts. A molecular analysis was conducted using mtDNA genes to infer the phylogeny of species belonging to six of the seven stygobitic genera of Cirolanidae inhabiting the Mediterranean basin and to two American taxa: Faucheria faucheri Marocolana delamarei Saharolana seurati Sphaeromides virei virei Turcolana sp., 13 taxa of the genus Typhlocirolana and two American species, Antrolana lira and Speocirolana bolivari The Typhlocirolana species are widespread in the western Mediterranean basin, with a concentration of taxa in the Maghreb region. Turcolana sp. is localised in the eastern Mediterranean, while F. faucheri and S. v. virei are north Mediterranean taxa. S. seurati the taxon least morphologically adapted to subterranean life, belongs to a monospecific genus present in a Tunisian spring. The molecular phylogeny showed a high affin ity among the American taxa and the Mediterranean Sphaeromides clustering in the Sphaeromides group identified by previous morphological studies Typhlocirolana species and M. delamarei constitute their sister clade within the Sphaeromides group. F. faucheri appears to be a sister clade of the Sphaeromides group. S. seurati showing reduced troglobitic adaptations, assumes disparate and unsolved positio ns in the phylogenetic reconstructions. The molecular data suggest that a combination of vicariance and dispersal events, occurring from 180 to a few million years ago, combined to bring about the present distributi on pattern of Mediterranean cirolanid isopods. KW: 12S, 16S, Ciro lanidae, cytochrome oxidase I, mitochondrial DNA, stygofauna.;sid=11723560e12646d77667770712bc2003;rgn= main;idno=m 7902a01;view=text BARATTI (M.), MESSANA (G.), FILIPPELLI (M.) & SKET (B.), 2010. New biogeographical and phylogenetic data about the genus Sphaeromides and its relatives (Crustacea: Isopoda: Cirolanidae):55-56. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICS B 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: Sphaeromides spp. are among the most remarkable aquatic troglobi onts. The putative genus exhibits a trans dinaric distribution, with a pronounced diversity in the Dinaric karst, but occurring also outside it, i n France and Bulgaria. We succeeded to sample the genus from ca 17 localit ies throughout its range (except in Bosanska Krajina). A molecular ana lysis was conducted using mtDNA genes (16S rRNA and COXI) at two levels : 1) to infer the phylogenetic relationships of the Sphaeromides species with the other subterranean cirolanid taxa, and 2) to investigate the phylogeography of the S. virei populations in the Dinarides and its relationships with the other Sphaeromides species ( S. raymondi and S. bureschi ). The 16S tree, including available GenBank cirolanid sequences, sh ow that Sphaeromides as conceived now, is a polyphyletic assemblage. S. raymondi from France is a sister taxon to the eastern Sphaeromides spp. plus some American genera ( Cirolanides and Antrolana from USA and Speocirolana and Sphaerolana from Mexico). The populations of the S. virei comprise until now the two subspecies S. v. virei and S. v. mediodalmatina S. virei occurs only along the eastern Adriatic coast, but always in pure fresh water, while S. mediodalmatina is limited to the central inland parts of Dalmacija. In the phylogene tic reconstruction, S. virei is again a monophylum, probably representing separ ate genus, inhabiting the Dinaric and western Balkan (or Stara planina) karst. The COI and the 16S trees show that S. virei may be regarded as at least two distinct species, since the supposed subspecies S. virei mediodalmatina is a very distinct phyletic line and beside that it oc curs in one cave syntopically with S. v. virei These molecular investigations sustain new evidences about the genus Sphaeromides, which shoul d be supported by a complete morphological analysis of the genus. BARBIER (C.), 2010. Massif de la Sainte-Victoire (Bouchesdu-Rhne). Spelunca 117(Mars, 1er trimestre):23-31. BL: Cf p. 24-25: Aven RCPR (Refuge Chiroptres Petits Rhin olophes), 2004, Massif de la Sainte-Victoire (Vauvenargues). Comme elle abrite galement quelques chiroptres, nous avons dcid d e ne pas publier ses coordonnes pour donner encore cinquante ans de tra nquillit ces charmants animaux. BARCIOV (T.), KOV ( U.) & MIKLISOV (D.), 2010. Impact of tourism upon structure and diversity of Collembola assemblages (Hexapoda) a case study of the Gombaseck Cave, Slovak Karst (Slovakia). Slovensk Kras Acta Carsologica Slovaca 48(2):271-283. ABS: In 1998-2000 and 2006-2007 investigations were carried out in the Gombaseck Cave (Slovak Karst, Slovakia) to assess potential impact of tourism upon the communities of terrestrial Arthrop oda with special reference to Collembola. Pitfall trapping with diff erent fixation liquids and extraction of baits and organic debris (rotten wood) were used as basic collecting methods. Five sites were selected for detail study in different distance from the tourist path. In total, 52 Collembola were registered during the study in the Gombaseck Cave, rather low species number (27) was detected in its internal parts that is likely linked with oligotrophic conditions and low impact of tourism. Four species were troglobiotic, Arrhopalites aggtelekiensis Deuteraphorura schoenviszkyi Deuteraphorura cf. kratochvili and Pseudosinella aggtelekiensis all representing Western Carpathian endemics. They popu lated preferably the deeper cave parts with exception of P. aggtelekiensis that occurred also at both entrance sites. Eutroglophiles Arrhopalites pygmaeus Arrhopalites caecus and Folsomia candida dominanted in the cave. Collembolan assemblages of the entrance sites diffe red from those situated in greater distances from the cave entranc e. Within adjacent reference localities not open to public, Star Brzo tnska and Nov Brzotnska caves, 22 and 21 collembolan species wer e recorded, respectively. Three obligate cave species were regi stered in both caves, A. aggtelekiensis D. schoenviszkyi and D. cf. kratochvili ;. eutroglophiles Plutomurus carpaticus Folsomia candida and Arrhopalites pygmaeus were the most abundant. The study revealed a great level of similarity of Collembola between tourist and reference caves inve stigated. However, Plutomurus carpaticus abundant and frequent in the Brzotnska Cave system, was absent in the Gombaseck Cave. In contr ary, troglobiotic Pseudosinella aggtelekiensis rather frequent in the Gombaseck Cave was totally absent in the Brzotnska Cave system. I n the studied show cave we observed no clear negative effect of touris m upon Collembola communities close to the tourist path. KW: Collembo la, tourist cave, Slovak Karst, Gombaseck Cave, troglobiotic species cave fauna. BARRANCO (P.), 2010. Una nueva especie de Petaloptila de la provincia de Mlaga (Espaa) (Orthoptera, Grylli dae). Boletn de la Asociacin espaola de Entomologa 34(1/2):207-217. RES: Se describe una nueva especie de ortptero en cuevas de Andaluca (Espaa). aciones&num=47


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 9 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 BARTON (L. L.), MANDL (M.) & LOY (A.), 2010. Geomicrobiology: Molecular and Environmental Perspective. Springer Dordrecht, Heidelberg, London, New York. Library of Congress Control Number: 2010931683. i-xiv + 435 p. ISBN 978-90-481-9203-8, eISBN 978-90-481-9204-5, BARTON (L. L.), MANDL (M.) & LOY (A.), editors. DOI: Voir: ENGEL (A. S.), Chapter 10. Microbial Diversity of C ave Ecosystems:219-238. BAUER (A. M.), KUNYA (K.), SUMONTHA (M.), NIYOMWAN (P.), PAUWELS (O. S. G.), CHANHOME (L.) & KUNYA (T.), 2010. Cyrtodactylus dumnuii (Squamata: Gekkonidae), a new cave-dwelling gecko from Chiang Mai Province, Thailand. Zootaxa 2570(August 18):41-50, 6 pl., 29 rf. ABS: A new cavedwelling species of Cyrtodactylus is described from Chiang Mai Province in northern Thailand. Cyrtodactylus dumnuii sp. nov. may be distinguished from all other congeners by the posse ssion of a series of enlarged femoral scales, disjunct precloacal and fe moral pores in males (minute precloacal pores variably present in female s), a relatively high number (18-22) of closely spaced, regularly arrange d dorsal tubercle rows, well-defined non-denticulate ventrolateral fo lds, transversely enlarged subcaudal plates, and a color pattern of a pproximately six pairs of alternating light and dark transverse bands on t he trunk. It is the nineteenth member of the genus recorded from Thaila nd and the eighth Thai Cyrtodactylus known to be a facultative troglophile. KW: Thailan d, Chiang Mai, Reptilia, Gekkonidae, Cyrtodactylus dumnuii new species, taxonomy, cave-dwelling. BAY-NOUAILHAT (A.) & BAY-NOUAILHAT (W.), 2010. Ile de Groix, dcouverte d'une ponge carnivore. Mer et Littoral (Dcembre):?-? [En ligne] BAYER (S.) & JGER (P.), 2010. Expected species richness in the genus Psechrus in Laos (Araneae: Psechridae). Revue suisse de Zoologie 117(1, Mars):57-75. ABS: Three new Psechrus species are described from Laos, P. steineri sp. n., P. antraeus sp. n. and P. ancoralis sp. n. New records for P. luangprabang Jger, 2007 are listed. Relationships of the three new species to other Psechrus species are discussed. Species with similar copula tory organs ( P. singaporensis Thorell, 1894, P. rani Wang & Yin, 2001) are illustrated for comparison. P. rani is recorded for the first time from Vietnam. KW: New species, taxonomy, new record, lim estone caves, Vietnam. BAYRAM (A.), ORAK ( .), DANI MAN (T.), SANCAK (Z.) & YI IT (N.), 2010. Checklist of the harvestmen of Turkey (Arachnida: Opiliones). Munis Entomology & Zoology 5(2, June):563-585. ABS: Till recent, 50 species plus three subspecies of Opiliones inhabiting Turkey are recorded. These species take place in 25 genera in 6 families in 3 suborders. In this study, the authors present a short historical faunistic re view of the harvestmen, and give records and geographical distributions of the species in Turkey. KW: Harvestmen, Opiliones, Turkey, new record, chec klist, zoogeography. BECHEV (D.), 2010. On the family Mycetophilidae (Insecta: Diptera) in Bulgaria. ZooNotes Supplement 1:72 p. BECHEV (D.) & GRUEV (B.), 2010. nr . 2 Zoogeography of Bulgaria. Bibliography. Scroll 2. ZooNotes Supplement 2:15 p. BECQUART (P.), WAUQUIER (N.), MAHLAK'IV (T.), NKOGHE (D.), PADILLA (C.), SOURIS (M.), OLLOMO (B.), GONZALEZ (J.-P.), DE LAMBALLERIE (X.), KAZANJI (M.) & LEROY (. M.), 2010. High Prevalence of Both Humoral and Cellular Immunity to Zaire ebolavirus among Rural Population s in Gabon. PLoS ONE 5(2):e9126. DOI: BL: Cf p. 1: More recently, MARV was isolated for the first time in cave-dwelling Rousettus aegyptiacus in Uganda. BEDAXAGAR (M.), 2010. Voyage au cœur de la pierre. 26 Avril, 06 h 00. BEDEK (J.), 2010. Data analysis of spatial distribution of cave terrestrial isopods (Isopoda: Oniscidea) in Cr oatia:36. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: This paper presents data analysis of spatial distributio n of cave terrestrial isopods in Croatia. Data were analyzed through UTM grid map of Croatia (10 x 10 km) and macroregions according to Rogli 1974, taking into account endemics and adaptation to cave habitats. I n Croatia 129 species and 32 subspecies of terrestrial isopods have been recorded to date, 58 species and 18 subspecies being endemic to Croatia. More than 9000 caves have been registered in Croatia, but only for 211 caves (~2.3%), and 14 different habitat types literature data were gathered. Altogether, with data from collections, this paper presents rec ords from 502 (~5.6%) caves, 5 mines and 19 different habitat types. Amon g cave taxa, 34 species and 7 subspecies have been registered, belo nging to five families and six subfamilies. The family Trichoniscidae and subfamily Trichoniscinae are the most abundant. Out of 22 Cro atian endemic taxa 13 (59%) belong to the subfamily Trichoniscinae. Ou t of 20 troglobitic species, 15 (75%) belong to the subfamily Trichonis cinae. The most represented seemed to be the genus Alpioniscus with 10 species, followed by the genus Androniscus with 9 taxa. Out of 814 Cr oatian 10 x 10 km UTM squares only 149 (~16%) have one or more cave s pecies of terrestrial isopods and most of them are scattered all over the Dinaric region in Croatia. The UTM plot VL41 presents extre me with 6 species, belonging to the Northern Croatian Littoral macrore gion. The UTM plots BN71, YH03 and YH13 have 5 species, belonging to th e Southern Croatian Littoral macroregion. Out of 41 cave taxa in Croatia the Southern Croatian Littoral macroregion has 27 (~66% ) and the Northern Croatian Littoral macroregion has 14 (~34%). Out of 22 endemic cave taxa in Croatia, the Southern Croatian Littoral mes oregion has 15 (~68%), and among them, 2 are widespread and 14 are endemic to that region. Out of 79 Croatian islands and 523 small is lands there are records of terrestrial isopods for 9 islands. Seven islands have their own endemic species (10 species). The island of Mljet presents the extreme with 3 endemic species. Out of 41 cave taxa in Croatia, al l are distributed in the Dinaric karst area, with just 3 troglophilic specie s distributed outside the Dinaric karst area. There are no Croatian endemic t axa outside the Dinaric karst area. Bedfordshire and Luton Local Sites Partnership, 201 0. Bedfordshire and Luton. County Wildlife Sites. Sele ction Guidelines. Version 3, June 2010. 93 p. BL: Cf p. 83, Crangonycitidae, Niphargus ... BEIKE (A. K.) & RENSING (S. A.), 2010. The Physcomitrella patens genome a first stepping stone towards understanding bryophyte and land plant evol ution. Tropical Bryology 31:43-50. BL: Cf p. 45, "One such example is the cave-inhabitating Schistostega pennata which developed a mechanism of surviving under low light conditions. The phenotype of this "glow" or "cave" moss exhibits adaptations to darkness as the protonema generates roundish cells with a lens-like swelling on their distal side, allowing light bunching for photosynth esis (Frahm, 2001)". BELTRAM (G.) & SKET (B.), 2010. Subterranean habitats as wetlands of international importance:79. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICS B 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: The Ramsar Convention on wetlands (Iran, 1971) is amongst the oldest environmental conventions. It deals with globally threatened ecos ystem types that are present also in karst. In 1990's, the Convention in cluded karst and other subterranean hydrological systems as a wetland type and developed criteria for their inclusion in the List of Wetland s of International Importance. The main goal of including subterranean wetlands in the Ramsar List is to assist the conservation and wise use of subterranean wetland functions and values and thus implementatio n of Ramsar


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 10 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 principles and strategic guidelines. In general ter ms, many "living" karst areas are wetlands, surface or subterranean. Both, direct or indirect development pressures are increasing and threatenin g ground waters and subterranean biota. Appropriate management, includi ng conservation and sustainable use, is crucial to maintain the functio ns and values of the interacting karst surface and subterranean hydrolog ical systems in the whole catchment area and to prevent or mitigate thr eats to karst wetlands. The Ramsar Convention can help on the one hand by f ostering conservation and wise use of subterranean wetland s ystems in general, and on the other, by ensuring that examples of the most characteristic karst wetlands are considered and added to the List to conserve their values and characteristics, including unique and en demic biodiversity and specific hydrology. Guidelines based on cave fauna could be elaborated. Two examples from the Dinaric karst in Slovenia are examined for the purpose. Škocjanske jame are a karst underground wa ter cave system developed in the area of Kras (i. e. the "classical Karst). The main hydrological characteristics are the extremely high fluctuations of ground water level, moving water currents fed by rainwater and pools of stagnant water. A typical example of a complex surf ace and subterranean karst wetland is the karst catchment area of the Lj ubljanica River, including a series of intermittent lakes on karst p oljes and water caves with underground rivers (Krina jama, Postojnsko-pl aninski jamski sistem) well representing the interaction and inter dependency between the surface and subterranean wetlands belonging to the common hydrographical systems. BENDA (P.), 2010. On a small collection of bats (Chiroptera) from western Sabah (North Borneo, East Malaysia). Vespertilio 13/14:45-76. ABS: New records of bats from three sites situated in the western part of the Malaysian state of Sabah (North Borneo) are presented. Besides some common species ( Cynopterus brachyotis C. horsfieldii Megaerops ecaudatus Balionycteris maculata Aethalops aequalis Macroglossus minimus Rhinolophus borneensis R. trifoliatus Hipposideros dyacorum H. cervinus H. diadema Myotis muricola ), several rather rare forms were also recorded. Cynopterus minutus and Hipposideros doriae are reported from the territory of Sabah for the first time, Cynopterus sphinx for the second time. Arielulus cuprosus was found for the first time after its description from another site in Sabah and remains a Sabahan endemic. Some n otes on ecology, morphology and taxonomy of several collected taxa a re added. KW: Oriental Region, Chiroptera, fauna. BENNETT (A. J.) & CAMPBELL (J. W.), 2010. Shorter College. Terrestrial Invertebrates from Pettyjohns Cave: Does Soil Organic Matter Play a Role? Poster P2.49. BERAN (B.), 2010. Epidemiology of leishmaniosis in southern Germany with emphasis on the family of Psychodidae, primarily Phlebotominae. Inauguraldissertation for the attainment of the title of Doc tor in Veterinary Biology (Dr. rer. biol. vet.) from the F aculty of Veterinary Medicine of the Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, 116 p. BERAN (L.), 2010. Izolovan populace pramnky Bythinella austriaca (Frauenfeld, 1857) (Gastropoda: Hydrobiidae) v okol Prahy [Isolated populations of Bythinella austriaca (Frauenfeld, 1857) (Gastropoda: Hydrobiidae) in Pra gue surroundings (Czech Republic)]. Malacologica Bohemoslovaca 9(March 11):5-10. Online serial at 11-March-2010. ABS: This paper completes the knowledge of an occurrence of Bythinella austriaca (Frauenfeld, 1857) (Gastropoda: Hydrobiidae) in sur roundings of Prague capital of the Czech Republic. However, this spec ies is not rare in the eastern part of the Czech Republic, sites on northwestern otskirts of Prague are isolated far from the main distribution area. Altogether, 63 sites potentially suitable for B. austriaca were investigated in this area, and occurrence of this species was confirmed in 11 of them. B. austriaca was found in springs, rivulets and small brooks, mo re numerous populations were found in springs. Historical occur rence data in this area were compared with results of research done in 2003 2006 and 2010. Actual situation of this species in Prague surround ings is problematic and survival of some populations is not guaranteed. KW: Bythinella austriaca Gastropoda, Hydrobiidae, Prague surroundings, dis tribution. BERKHOFF (S. E.), MATZKE (D.), FUCHS (A.), BORK (J.) & HAHN (H. J.), 2010. Recording the stygofauna of the federal state of Sachsen-Anhalt, Germany:37. In : 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICS B 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: In 2008 and 2009 stygofauna of the federal state Saxony-Anhalt was sampled from a total of 78 representative monitoring wells. The go al of this study was an initial survey of the groundwater fauna. Additional ly, distribution patterns of fauna and their relations to biogeographic, geol ogical and hydrochemical particularities were analysed. Faunal dist ribution patterns were evaluated at three different spatial scale levels ( biogeographic level, landscape level, site specific level). The large sc ale distribution patterns of fauna were clearly influenced by biogeography. A t landscape level, the major natural geographic units and the "Georegs" (c ombination of major natural geographic units and aquifer types) were we ll reflected by the groundwater fauna. On the local scale, the hydrolog ic exchange, in particular the influence of surface water to ground water was identified as a crucial factor for the composition of groundwater communities. BERNAB" (P.), JOUSSON (O.), LENCIONI (V.) & LATELLA (L.), 2010. Heat Shock Response in the leptodirins Neobathyscia mancinii and Neobathyscia pasai :116, poster presentation. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slove nia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: The response to increasing temperature in two cold stenothermal leptodirins, Neobathyscia mancinii Jeannel and Neobathyscia pasai Ruffo (Coleoptera, Cholevidae, Leptodirinae) was evaluated as lethal temperature (LT100 and LT50) and as expression of a family of heat shock proteins (the constitutive for m HSC70 and the inducible form HSP70). Adults of the two species we re collected in the Damati Cave and Tana delle Sponde Cave (Veneto Prov ince, NE-Italy) and stressed by direct short-term heat shocks (1h, from 25C to 31C). The expression of the HSP70 family was performed by qPCR on organisms stressed at 25C (= maximum temperature a t which all the tested organisms were alive), 28C (= LT50) and 29C (= sub-lethal temperature). In both species, HSC70 level was cons tant with increasing temperature, whereas a significant increase of HSP7 0 (= Heat Shock Response) was observed, significantly higher in N. pasai This could be due to their different in-cave distribution: N. pasai colonizes the cave entrance, where the temperature is more variable (= 5-18C), whereas N. mancinii is confined to the internal part of the cave where the temperature remains constant (= 9.8C). These results highlight ed for the first time the occurrence of a Heat Shock Response in cave insects and suggest that the intensity of this response might be correlated to t he adaptation to the environment. BERNARDI (L. F. de O.), DANTAS-TORRES (F.), LABRUNA (M. B.) & LOPES FERREIRA (R.), 2010. Spider preying on ticks in a Brazilian cave. Speleobiology Notes 2:15-18. KW: Argasidae, Ornithodoros (Alectorobius) spp., Pholcidae, Smeringopus pallidus OTES/inde x.php/Speleo/article/view/25 BERTHET-BEAUFILS (A.), 2010. Manifestations dermatologiques associes aux Diptres chez le Chie n et le Chat. Thse pour le doctorat vtrinaire prsente et soutenue publiquement devant la Facult de Mdecine de Crteil. 182 p. BL: Cf p. 29, Culex pipiens est retrouv en zone rurale et passe l'hiver dans les habitations: les f emelles se rfugient ainsi parfois dans des lieux abrits comme des caves ou d es tables pendant la saison froide (jusqu' -30C)"; p. 37, "Au stade ad ulte, les phlbotomes se rencontrent dans des habitats caractriss par troi s conditions: calme et tranquillit des gtes de repos, proximit d'htes ncessaires aux repas sanguins, existence de gtes de ponte propice la vie des larves. Ceci sera par exemple, ralis au niveau d'un terrier de rong eur ou d'une caverne (Rodhain & Perez, 1985)". BERTI (R.) & MESSANA (G.), 2010. Chapter 10. Subterranean Fishes of Africa:357-396. DOI:


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 11 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 In: TRAJANO (E.), BICHUETTE (M. E.) & KAPOOR (B. G.), Biology of Subterranean Fishes. Edited by TRAJANO (E.), BICHUETTE (M. E.) & KAPOOR (B. G.). ISBN: 978-1-57808-670-2. eBook ISBN: 978-1-4398-4048-1. Science Publishers 2010. 460 p. 6702-c10 BHATTACHARYA (S.), 2010. Murder at the bat cave. The New Scientist 205(2753, March 24):42-45. DOI: ABS: As a mystery disease rips through North America's bat populations, scientists look for vital clues to stop the killer in its trac ks. Biblioteca Jude ean "Ovid Densusianu" Hunedoara Deva, 2010. Calendarul Personalit ilor Hunedorene 2010. 22 p. BICHUETTE (M. E.) & TRAJANO (E.), 2010. Chapter 3. Conservation of Subterranean Fishes:65-80. DOI: In: TRAJANO (E.), BICHUETTE (M. E.) & KAPOOR (B. G.), Biology of Subterranean Fishes. Edited by TRAJANO (E.), BICHUETTE (M. E.) & KAPOOR (B. G.). ISBN: 978-1-57808-670-2. eBook ISBN: 978-1-4398-4048-1. Science Publishers 2010. 460 p. BILANDIJA (H.), n ETKOVI n (H.) & JALI n (B.), 2010. Strogo zašti ena vrsta pred izumiranjem? Dinarski špiljski školjkaš (Congeria kusceri) (Strictly prot ected species facing extinction? Dinaric cave clam ( Congeria kusceri ) ). Zbornik saetaka Stru nog seminara o zaštiti špilja i podzemne faune / Buzjak, Nenad; Paar, Dali bor (ed). Zagreb, Samobor, Ogulin: Stru ni seminar o zaštiti špilja i podzemne faune. Ogulin, Hrvatska, 30-31.01 .2010. ABS: Congeria kusceri Bole, 1962 jedini je stigobiontni školjkaš na svijetu, tercijarni relikt i endem Dina rida. Prema Zakonu o zaštiti prirode Republike Hrvatske s trogo je zašti en (NN 70/05, 139/08), a nalazi se i na dodacima II i IV Direktive o staništima što zna i da je zbog zaštite ove vrste nuno odre ivanje Posebnih podru ja zaštite kao dijela ekološke mree NATURA 2000. Na Europski popi s zašti enih vrsta stavljen je na zahtjev Republike Sloveni je u kojoj su na svega jednom lokalitetu prona ene samo ljušture, dakle niti jedna iva ivotinja. Vrsta je u Hrvatskoj zabiljeena na ukupno petnaest lokaliteta ali na ve ini nalazišta su prona ene samo ljušture. ive su populacije dosad zabiljeene na 5 lokaliteta. Tijek om 2008. i 2009. godine suradnjom Hrvatskog biospeleološkog društva i Dravnog zavoda za zaštit u prirode provedena su sustavna istraivanja ove vrst e u sklopu projekta "Natura 2000 Znanstvena analiza podzemnih vrsta ( Congeria kusceri ) s Dodatka II Direktive o zaštiti prirodnih staništa i divlje faune i flore ". Utvr eno je da su dvije od prije poznate populacije nestale pa su tako u Hrvatskoj danas preostale svega tri populaci je, kojima tako er prijeti opasnost od nestanka. Ugroavaju ih hidrotehni ki zahvati, one iš enje podzemnih voda kao i direktna devastacija podzemnih staništa. Zbog toga je Dinarski špiljski školjkaš uvršten u Crvenu knjigu podzemne faune Hrvatske u IUCN kategoriju CR (kriti no ugroen) kao vrsta kojoj prijeti izuzetno visok riz ik od nestajanja na prirodnim staništima. KW: Congeria kriti no ugroen ( Congeria critically endangered ) (, 6. Apr. 2010. u 12:57 sati. Croatian Scientific Biblography CROSBI&rad=462057 BILANDIJA (H.), PODNAR (M.), JALI n (B.), PATAR I n (I.), TVRTKOVI n (N.) & n ETKOVI n (H.), 2010. Phylogeny and phylogeography of the cave bivalve Congeria kusceri with an outline for its endangerment in Croatia:56-57, poster presentation. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICS B 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: Congeria kusceri Bole, 1962 is the only stygobitic bivalve in the w orld. It is also the only surviving species of the genus Congeria which was widespread in the tertiary. Its current distribution is quite disjunct. Mitochondrial 16S rRNA and COI and nuclear ITS and 18S rRNA markers w ere employed to examine the position of the genus within the fam ily Dreissenidae as well as to infer the relations between different po pulations. Our results support Congeria being the third extant genus of the family Dreisse nidae as previous studies suggested. Within Congeria two main phylogeographical groups were found: one encompassi ng Markov ponor (Lika region) and Suvaja (northern Bosnia) populati ons, and another comprising all southern Dalmatian and Hercegovinian populations. Uncorrected genetic distances (P) between them were up to 1.7%, and 8.8%, for the 16S rRNA and the COI gne, respectivel y. In contrast to the relatively low level of genetic divergence between populations within second group (maximal P values being 0.5% for 16S r RNA and 1.4% for COI), genetic distances between Markov Ponor and Su vaja amounted to 1.0% and 4.3% for 16S rRNA and COI, respectively. T hese results are in congruence with biogeographical data since Markov p onor and Suvaja are several hundred kilometres away and hydrologica lly isolated from the rest of the localities. The species is recorded in a total of fifteen localities in Croatia, but at most sites only shells were foun d. Live populations were documented in only five sites, but the surveys in 2008 revealed that the two populations disappeared. In addition to bei ng strictly protected by the Croatian law, the species is listed in the Anne xes II and IV of the Habitats Directive. Nevertheless, two out of three remaining populations could be facing serious destruction if not extincti on in the near future. All this led to the enlistment of Congeria kusceri in the Red list of Croatian cave fauna in the IUCN category CR. BIZJAK MALI (L.) & BULOG (B.), 2010. Ultrastructure of previtellogene oocytes in the neotenic cave salaman der Proteus anguinus anguinus (Amphibia, Urodela, Proteidae). Protoplasma 246(1/4, October):33-39, from the issue entitled "Special Issue: Microscopy Conferenc e in Graz 2009, Guest Editor: U. Ltz-Meindl". DOI: ABS: Oogenesis in the neotenic, cave dwelling salamander Proteus anguinus anguinus has not been studied yet, and this study provides a detailed description of the early growth of the oocytes. Ear ly previtellogene oocytes ranging from 100 to 600 m in diameter were examined by light and transmission electron microscopy. The oocytes w ere divided into two stages based on size, color, and histology. Stage I oocytes can be identified by their transparent cytoplasm and a hom ogenous juxtanuclear mass, composed of numerous lipid droplets and mitoc hondria. Stage II oocytes are no longer transparent and have increase d in diameter to 300600 m, and many cortical alveoli differing in size hav e appeared. The common and most predominant ultrastructural charact eristics of both stages of previtellogene oocytes are extensive quan tities of smooth membrane, numerous mitochondria, and lipid droplets as well as abundant free ribosomes. Myeline-like structures an d remarkable annulate lamellae of closely packed membrane stacks are also frequently observed. Previtellogenic oocytes are the most pred ominant oocytes in the ovaries of Proteus and while they possess certain structural characteristics typical for other amphibians, some features are unique and could result from adaptation to the subterranean en vironment. KW: Proteus anguinus Ovary, Oogenesis, Previtellogenesis, Oocyte, Ultrastructure. BIZJAK MALI (L.), TALABER (I.), IBERT (U.) & BULOG (B.), 2010. Oogenesis in Proteus : Stages of oocyte development:116-117, poster presentation. In : 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICS B


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 12 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: In comparison with the other amphibians Proteus has very extended reproductive period, continuing 30 years or more and it has an extremely long reproductive cycles, that is to say Proteus' female lays eggs at intervals of 6 years. Sexual maturity is also acquired very late, with ma les maturing earlier than females, appears in 11 year-old males and 15 y ear-old females at 1112C. Opposite to the knowledge of reproduction, li ttle is known about Proteus oogenesis; a process of differentiation and maturin g of the oocyte, resulting in the mature ovum capable of ovu lation. To gain a better understanding and elucidation of the Proteus reproductive cycles, we have begun with studies of its ovary and oogenes is. Ovaries of 30 females of Proteus anguinus anguinus with snout-vent lengths of 225 270 mm were examined by light and transmission elec tron microscopy. The gonad samples used in this research were taken from animals that had been collected in previous years (from 1972 to 2009) for other research purposes. Animals had been collected durin g different seasons and from different locations of the subterranean ka rstic system of Slovenia. The morphology of the Proteus ovary, the stages of oocytes and characteristics of developmental oocytes were deter mined. The oocytes were divided into five stages based on size, colour and histology. The most predominant oocytes in the ovaries of Proteus beside the oogonium are previtellogenic oocytes (stage I and II). Oogon ium and previtellogenic oocytes are a constant stock of oocytes for growth. In a few cases, early vitellogenic oocytes (stage III and IV) and only in two cases late vitellogenic oocytes (stage V) were encountered. St age V oocytes are the most mature oocytes found in the ovary of Proteus No mature (postvitellogenic) oocytes or ova were found in the materials that were available. In majority of ovaries examined a degene rating vitellogenic oocytes or atretic bodies occurred too. Furthermore we found that larger and heavier females have more mature oocyte stages and also that vitellogenic oocytes occur in ovaries independently of seasons, therefore Proteus females could lay eggs at any period of the year. BLEHERT (D. S.), METEYER (C. U.), BALLMANN (A. E.), LORCH (J. M.), BERLOWSKI-ZIER (B. M.), MULLER (L.) & CRYAN (P. M.), 2010. White Nose Syndrome in North America:103-104. In: 15th International Bat Research Conference, Prague, 22-2 7 August 2010, the conference manual: Programme, abstracts, list of participants, edited by: Ivan HOR EK and Petr BENDA, ISBN 978-80-87154-46-5, 380 p. ABS: White Nose Syndrome (WNS) is a disease associated w ith unprecedented bat mortality in the eastern United States and Cana da. Since the winter of 2006-2007, bat population declines approaching 100% have been documented at some long-surveyed hibernacula. At le ast six species of hibernating bats are susceptible to WNS. Total esti mated losses have exceeded one million bats over the past three years This presentation summarizes disease investigation efforts underway a t the USGS National Wildlife Health Center since January 2008. Affected hibernating bats often present with visually striking white fungal g rowth on their muzzles, ears, and/or wing membranes. However, severe micros copic wing damage associated with the disease is not always ob vious to the naked eye. Histopathological and microbiological analyses demonstrated that WNS is characterized by a hallmark fungal skin lesi on caused by a recently discovered species of psychrophilic (coldloving) fungus, Geomyces destructans The fungus invades and erodes living tissue and grows optimally between 5C and 14C, temperatures consistent with the body temperatures of hibernating bats. Laboratory i nfection trials indicated that Geomycetes destructans is transmissible from bat to bat. A genetic signature of the fungus has been identified in environmental samples collected from several bat hibernation cave s within WNSinfested states. There is a growing body of evidenc e supporting an association between WNS and life-threatening cutane ous fungal infection by G. destructans and this disease represents an unprecedented thre at to bats of temperate regions of North America and beyo nd. The decline of North American bat populations may have far-reachin g ecological consequences. BOGNOLO (M.), 2010. The genus Aphaobius Abeille de Perrin, 1878 (Coleoptera, Cholevidae, Leptodirinae) :151, poster presentation. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August -3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961269-286-5. ABS: The genus Aphaobius was established in 1878 by Abeille de Perrin to segregate the species Adelops milleri (Schmidt, 1855). A few years later, the species A. heydeni was described by Reitter. After the first decade of the 20th century eleven new taxa were described by J. Muller. Further three subspecies of A. milleri were described in the ensuing decades by Mandl and then a new, remarkably distinct species was found and described by Pretner in 1963 as A. muellerianus Only recently, new investigations led to the discovery o f the new species A. grottoloi (Vailati, 2004). Following the latest revision (Bog nolo & Vailati, 2010), the genus is composed of four speci es groups: muellerianus heydeni kraussi and milleri The northern kraussi group is a cluster of species distributed on the left-hand s ide of the river Sava, which includes A. mixanigi A. angusticollis A. knirschi A. brevicornis and A. kraussi The southern milleri group is a cluster of species distributed on the right-hand side of the river Sav a, which includes A. forojulensis A. grottoloi A. lebenbaueri A. miricae A. kaplai A. fortesculptus A. robustus A. kahleni A. milleri A. ljubnicensis A. kofleri and A. alphonsi The muellerianus group and the heydeni group include one species each: A. muellerianus and A. heydeni The overall distribution of the genus Aphaobius shows a combination of species with large distribution areas and other species known from a s ingle site or a very restricted geographic area. The correlation of pale ogeographic features and allopatric speciation is evident when consideri ng the kraussi and the milleri species groups. In particular, the northern kraussi group is geographically located within the Southern Alps, wh ilst the southern milleri group is mainly located on the Outer Dinarides. In particular, in central Slovenia such groups have long been isolate d due to the movement of respective plates which, according to p late tectonics, slid along the contact boundary represented by the Sava fault. To sum up, the speciation patterns of the genus Aphaobius show past isolation in the region between Ljubljana and elezniki, characteris ed by the complex paleogeographic evolution, as opposed to a high dis persal activity of the southern area, along the typical north-west to sout h-east orientation of limestones in the northern Balkan area. BORA (P.), RANDRIANANTOANDRO (J. C.), RANDRIANAVELONA (R.), HANTALALAINA (E. F.), ANDRIANTSIMANARILAFY (R. R.), RAKOTONDRAVONY (D.), RAMILIJAONA (O. R.), VENCES (M.), JENKINS (R. K. B.), GLAW (F.) & KHLER (J.), 2010. Amphibians and Reptiles of the Tsingy de Bemaraha Plateau, Western Madagascar: Checklist, Biogeography and Conservation. Herpetological Conservation and Biology 5(1):111-125. ABS: We surveyed the Tsingy de Bemaraha plateau in central-western Madagascar for amphibians and reptiles. We recorded 19 species of amphibians and 60 species of reptiles by opportunis tic searching, bioacoustic identification (frogs), and pitfall tra pping. Among the species recorded, 13% were previously unknown to science an d a further 15% are of uncertain taxonomic status and possibly represen t undescribed species. Of all the species recorded, 28% are endemic to the Bemaraha plateau and 48% appear to be dependent on forest habitat. P hylogenetic relationships of Bemaraha amphibians suggest a biog eographic link to eastern rainforests; whereas, those of reptiles dem onstrate a link to the forests of northern Madagascar. We comment on forme r species records from the area and discuss conservation issues for a mphibians and reptiles related to the habitat alteration observed in sever al parts of the protected area complex. KW: Amphibia, biogeography, checklist conservation, endemism, Madagascar, Tsingy de Bemaraha, Reptilia. RS: Nous avons surveill les amphibiens et les reptiles dans le pl ateau du Tsingy de Bemaraha dans le central-ouest de Madagascar. Nous avons recens 19 espces d'amphibiens et 60 espces de reptiles par des recherches opportunistes, identification bioacoustique (amphib iens) et des pigeages par trous piges. Parmi les espces recenses, 13% sont auparavant inconnues par la science et plus de 15% ont des sta tuts taxonomiques incertains et sont possibles des espces non-dcrit es. 28% de toutes les espces recenses sont considres pour reprsenter les endmicits Bemaraha et 48% des espces pourraient tre dpenda ntes de l'habitat forestier. Les relations phylogntiques des amphib iens de Bemaraha indiquent une continuit biogographique aux forts humides de l'Est et celles de reptiles une continuit aux forts au nor d de Madagascar. Nous avons fait des commentaires sur les espces recens es auparavant dans la rgion et avons discut propos des actions de con servation des amphibiens et des reptiles relies l'altration d es habitats observe dans certaines parties du complexe aire protge. MC: Am phibiens,


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 13 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 biogographie, conservation, endmisme, liste, Mada gascar, Tsingy de Bemaraha, Reptiles. BORDA (D.), MULEC (J.) & NASTASE-BUCUR (R.), 2010. Bat guano a potential biohazard agent of caves i n the temperate zone?:97, poster presentation. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICS B 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: In temperate climatic zone in Europe insectivorous bats often ro ost in natural underground cavities. Big summer colonies composed of several thousands individuals are not very frequent. Still, in some caves bats produce relatively large quantities of guano. Guano represents a suitable milieu for growth and propagation of different orga nisms. The first literature documentation in Europe with reliable id entification of a human pathogen, fungus Histoplasma capsulatum from bat guano from a cave is dated in 1966 (Topolni a Cave, Mehedinti County, Romania). In this cave the average temperature is 11.5C, and 13.7C in Gu ano Chambers. The colonial bat species in Topolnita Cave are Rhinolophus ferrumequinum, R. euryale, Miniopterus schreibersii, Myotis myotis /oxygnathus ). In agreement with some indications, H. capsulatum might be present also in other caves in Romania, for example in Adam Cave, p laced near by Topolni a Cave, which is a thermal influenced cave with an average air temperature of 27C and colonized with the same bat species. Compared to endemic areas in the Americas, in Europe the inc idence of histoplasmosis originating from cave was never stud ied in details. This can be attributed to several reasons: (i) absence o f huge bat colonies in Europe, (ii) low cases of identified histoplasmosis as its symptoms can be easily misinterpreted and are ranging from simple m ild flu-like till fatal, (iii) low awareness among physicians of cave-associ ated histoplasmosis and lack of epidemiological studies linked to histo plasmosis emerging from underground environments in Europe, and (iv) i nsufficient awareness among cavers and other cave visitors. In this study the relevant literature on histoplasmosis incidence in Europe an d the potential use of molecular biology to identify H. capsulatum without its cultivation were reviewed, and guidelines to avoid contacts with air borne pathogens in the underground were prepared. Furthermore, results on microbial quantification and potential biohazard of airborne microorganisms in the "suspicious caves" are presented. BORK (J.), FUCHS (A.), BARUFKE (K. P.) & HAHN (H. J.), 2010. Nine years of long-term stygofauna monitoring in Southwest Germany:37-38. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slove nia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: Since 2001, groundwater fauna as well as microbiological and hydro chemical data are being s ampled annually from 43 groundwater bores in Baden-Wrttemberg, Sou thwest Germany. Faunal and abiotic data provide long-term informati on on the ecological conditions of the bores investigated. It seems that changes in faunal communities are related to changes in quite differe nt abiotic environmental parameters, indicating that changes i n faunal communities allow for inferences on environmental changes or st ability. The use of stygofauna thus offers interesting perspectives as an additional tool for long-term groundwater monitoring. With this backgro und, we will present some general results, together with several examples both for stable and unstable wells. BORNAND (C.), HOFFER-MASSARD (F.) & MORET (J.-L.), 2010. Les trsors floristiques du "Guide du botaniste" de Daniel PAYOT paru en 1878. Bulletin du Cercle vaudois de Botanique 39:109-114. BOROS (G.) & SHERLOCK (E.), 2010. Catalogue of the enchytraeid worm collection (Oligochaeta: Enchytrae idae) of the Natural History Museum in London. 1. Spirit collection. Opuscula Zoologica 41(1):19-27. BL: Cf p. 23, Siju cave. BOROWSKY (R. L.), 2010. Chapter 5. The Evolutionary Genetics of Cave Fishes: Convergence, Adaptation an d Pleiotropy:115-140. DOI: In: TRAJANO (E.), BICHUETTE (M. E.) & KAPOOR (B. G.), Biology of Subterranean Fishes. Edited by TRAJANO (E.), BICHUETTE (M. E.) & KAPOOR (B. G.). ISBN: 978-1-57808-670-2. eBook ISBN: 978-1-4398-4048-1. Science Publishers 2010. 460 p. 6702-c5 BOROWSKY (R. L.), 2010. New Biological Books. Ecology. Cave Biology: Life in Darkness. Ecology, Biodiversity and Conservation. By Aldemaro Romero; main photography by Dant Fenolio. Cambridge and Ne w York: Cambridge University Press. $120.00 (hardcove r); $60.00 (paper). xiv + 291 p. + 21 pl.; ill.; index. 978 : 0 : 521 : 82846 : 8 (hc); 978 : 0 : 521 : 53553 : 3 (pb). 2009. The Quarterly Review of Biology, Septem ber 2010, vol. 85, no. 3:356. DOI: BOTO NEANU (L.) & NEGREA ( .), 2010. A contribution to the history of biospeleology: unpub lished notes and documents concerning the initiation of th e Cuban-Romanian biospeleological expeditions to Cuba (1969, 1973). Travaux de l'Institut de Spologie "mile Racovitza" 49:189-197. BOTTIN (G.), GATHOYE (J.-L.), SMITS (Q.) & MICHAUX (P.), 2010. Un agenda d'hiver bien rempli. L'cho des Rhinos 58(Dcembre 2009-Janvier 2010):1112. BOUFFANAIS (R.), WEYMOUTH (G. D.) & YUE (D. K. P.), 2010. Hydrodynamic object recognition using pressure sensing. Proceedings of the Royal Society A (June 2 ):? rspa.2010.0095v1. DOI: BL: Cf p. 2: Montgomery & al., 2001 reported the central role pl ayed by the LLS in the global sensory system of hypogean fishes, such as the Mexican blind cave fish (BCF). BOURNE (Steve), 2010. Bat Research at Naracoorte. AKMA Journal 78(March):? BOYER (C.), 2010. Plantes, champignons, invertbrs, le Mercantour dvoile ses richesses. Publi le 20.05.2 010 sur le site BRANCELJ (A.), WATIROYRAM (S.) & SANOAMUANG (L.-O.), 2010. The First Record of Cave-Dwelling Copepoda from Thailand and Descriptio n of a New Species: Elaphoidella namnaoensis n. sp. (Copepoda, Harpacticoida). Crustaceana 83(7):779-793. DOI: ABS: During a brief collecting expedition in Nam Nao Nat ional Park, Phetchabun province (northern Thailand) in November 2007, various water bodies connected with subterranean water were sampled. In five caves, eight samples were collected from pools and six species of Copepoda were collected. For the first time, a styg obiotic (=cavedwelling) species of Copepoda was discovered in Tha iland. It belongs to the order Harpacticoida and was recognized as a new species, Elaphoidella namnaoensis n. sp. Specimens were only collected from pools filled by percolating water. This indicates a specific ecology of the new species, linked to the unsaturated zone of kars tic aquifers, where the hydrology is determined exclusively by rainfall. A detailed description of the new species is presented here, supplemented wit h some information on its ecology and morphological adaptations. These adaptations are compared to those found in other Elaphoidella species from the unsaturated zone of karstic aquifers in Europe. RS : Au cours d'une brve mission de rcolte au Parc National de Nam Na o, province de Phetchabun (nord de la Thalande) en novembre 2007, des collections d'eau varies en relation avec les eaux souterraine s ont t chantillonnes. Dans cinq grottes, huit chantillo ns ont t rcolts dans des bassins et six espces de coppodes ont t obt enues. Pour la


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 14 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 premire fois, une espce stygobie (vivant dans les grottes) de coppodes a t dcouverte en Thalande. Elle appartient l' ordre des Harpacticoida et a t reconnue comme une espce nouvelle: Elaphoidella namnaoensis n. sp. Les spcimens ont t recueillis seulement d ans les bassins remplis d'eau de percolation. Ceci indique une cologie par ticulire pour cette nouvelle espce, lie la zone insature de l'aqui fre karstique, o l'hydrologie est dtermine exclusivement par les p rcipitations. Une description dtaille de la nouvelle espce est pr sente ici, complte par des informations sur son cologie et ses adaptation s morphologiques. Ces adaptations sont compares celles rencontres che z d'autres Elaphoidella de la zone insature des aquifres karstiques d'Eu rope. BRANNEN (K. M.), BIRDWELL (J. E.) & ENGEL (A. S.), 2010. Creating humic matter indices for the interpretation of ecosystem energetics:98. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICS B 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: Cave and karst ecosystem energetics are an important factor in und erstanding the microbial processes in aquifers. Determining the fl ux of dissolved organic matter (DOM), a source of organic carbon for hetero trophic microorganisms within an aquifer, from the surface into the subsurface is one method of tracking ecosystem energetics. The re lative contributions of different sources of DOM can be evaluated using excitation-emission matrix (EEM) fluorescence spectroscopy since no pho todegradation of OM occurs in cave and karst waters. This method can characterize DOM at natural, low abundance levels, and can different iate recalcitrant DOM (e. g., humic substances) from more biologically la bile material (e. g., proteins, peptides, and amino acids). Consequently, in karst environments, the influence of surface derived (all ochthonous) DOM can be distinguished from autochthonous DOM produced by microbial chemolithoautotrophy. Karst environments are heavil y influenced by surface water recharge and allochthonous DOM. Autoc hthonous OM in karst is poorly understood because it is unclear ho w microbes contribute to DOM types and abundances, as either primary DOM sources or during degradation processes of allochthonous material. It is important to differentiate allochthonous from autochthonous humi c matter for the interpretation of cave and karst ecosystem energeti cs. Autochthonous humic matter is often overshadowed by allochthonous matter; meaning allochthonous humic matter fluoresces brighter than autochthonous matter. In this study, our aim was to create an ind ex of humic/fulvic acids and protein (tryptone) mixtures to help differentia te the overshadowing effects of the brighter humic substances by using d ifference mg/L concentrations of tryptone, Suwannee River Fulvic A cid (SRFA), and Pony Lake Fulvic Acid (PLFA), and different mixture s of these standards. Although the SRFA and PLFA standards mix ed in different ratios with the protein tryptone will be less compl ex than natural cave waters, we will be able to see if there is any subs tantial fluorescence overshadowing of tryptone by SRFA and PLFA. This in dex, coupled with a detailed analysis of microbial communities in spe cific subsurface environments could allow for a greater understandin g of microbial processes and metabolisms within the subsurface. BRINKLV (S.), KALKO (E. K. V.) & SURLYKKE (A.), 2010. Adaptation of echolocation call intensity to ecological constraints in phyllostomid bats:106-107 In: 15th International Bat Research Conference, Prague, 2227 August 2010, the conference manual: Programme, abstracts, list of participants, edited by: Ivan HOR EK and Petr BENDA, ISBN 978-80-87154-46-5, 380 p. ABS: In two previous papers we have shown, first, that t wo phyllostomids, the trawling bat, Macrophyllum macrophyllum and the fruit-eating bat, Artibeus jamaicensis can emit echolocation calls of considerable intens ity and, second, that M. macrophyllum dynamically adapts call intensity to habitat complexity. Here, we investigate on a broad er scale the ecological correlates of echolocation call intensity in phyllo stomids. We recorded bats with multi-microphone arrays at several sites in Panam and Cuba. For example, at cave openings as the bats left thei r day roost, at fruiting fig trees along a shoreline and at ca. 40 m height from a canopy crane immersed into a fruiting fig tree. Assuming that ha bitat does indeed act as a unifying constraint on call intensity, we expecte d to record relatively similar source levels at each individual site. The sites were chosen to represent different perceptual tasks (leaving the r oost; approaching a foraging site) and thus different sonar challenges. We discuss flexibility in sonar call intensity of phyllostomid bats, which often forage in highly cluttered space, but also use echolocation range to orient in situations where intense calls might be advantageous, for exam ple when commuting in open space to a feeding site. British Cave Research Association, 2010. Abstracts from the BCRA Summer Cave Biology Field Meeting, 8 September 2010, Arncliffe Village Hall and Scoska Cave, Litto ndale, Yorkshire, UK. Cave and Karst Science 37(2, this issue has a cover date of August 2010 and was published i n December 2010):67. BRITZKE (E. R.), SEWELL (P.), HOHMANN (M. G.), SMITH (R.) & DARLING (S. R.), 2010. Use of Temperature-Sensitive Transmitters to Monitor the Temperature Profiles of Hibernating Bats Affected w ith White-Nose Syndrome. Northeastern Naturalist 17(2, June):239-246. DOI: ABS: In temperate ecosystems, hibernation allows bats to survive long periods of limited prey and water availability during colder months. D espite the extended amount of time some bats spend in hibernation, rese archers have only recently been able to study the hibernation ecology of bats under natural conditions. With the emergence of white-nose syndro me (WNS), a mysterious disease presently killing large numbers of bats during the hibernation period in the northeastern United State s, expanding our knowledge of hibernation ecology and natural histor y has become more crucial. To collect such data, we used temperaturesensitive radio transmitters and data loggers to monitor the skin t emperatures (Tsk) of 6 bats (5 Myotis lucifugus [Little Brown Bat], and 1 Myotis septentrionalis [Northern Long-eared Bat]) hibernating in Mount Aeo lus Cave, VT in late winter 2008. We recorded Tsk every 14 minutes for the life of the transmitters. We were able to monitor Tsk from near ambient temperatures to above 30C Arousals occurred immediately before the signals were lost and at a time of increased numbers of bats obs erved on the landscape, thereby suggesting the emergence (and subsequent de ath) of bats. Our observations provide first data on the hibernating ecology of WNSaffected bats under natural conditions. BROWN (B. V.) & KUNG (G.-A.), 2010. Revision of the New World Dohrniphora Dahl species lacking large hind tibial setae (Diptera: Phoridae). Zootaxa 2699(December 3):1-142, 43 pl., 41 rf. BROWN (P. E.), 2010. Bats and mine closure: a doubleedged sword:107. In: 15th International Bat Research Conference, Prague, 22-27 August 2010, the conferen ce manual: Programme, abstracts, list of participants, edited by: Ivan HOR EK and Petr BENDA, ISBN 978-8087154-46-5, 380 p. ABS: Much of the Western United States was settled as a result of mining. When the mines were abandoned, bats colonized these new "caves". Cities grew up around some mining districts. Even in remote areas, mines are visited by people exploring on offhighway vehicles. Abandoned mines can be hazar dous, and accidents result. The recent influx of funds in the United St ates for mine closure has stimulated a rush to remediate mine hazards on fede ral lands. To attain the goal of the Economic Stimulus Package of puttin g more people to work, some people are involved who do not have expe rience in bat biology or bat-compatible closures. If done properl y, bats in mines could be protected through the installation of bat gates and cupolas. However if bat habitat is not identified, mines could be close d through foam and backfill that would deprive bats of roosting habita t and potentially kill them, especially if exclusions are not done properl y at the appropriate time of year. Most bat species use a variety of roo sts throughout the annual cycle as dictated by physiological and behav ioral needs. The timing of surveys will influence the ability to det ect bat use of a mine feature, which can affect the treatment that a mine may receive (hard or bat-compatible closure). There is no substitute for site-specific bat surveys using established protocols to detect bat u se, nor is there a universal style of mine closure. Some bat colonies do not accept culverts or even gates. To understand the importance of a si ngle mine feature, most of the mines in a geographic unit may need to be evaluated in order to determine those with the most significant bat us e at different times of the year. The scope of the "landscape" will depend on the species of bat


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 15 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 and their dispersal ability. The goal is to identif y and protect the most important bat mines, and to avoid killing bats if a non-wildlife compatible method is selected. BUFFONI ROQUE DA SILVA (L.), DA COSTA MAIA (N.), TAYLOR (E. L. S.), ROBERTO BATISTA (L.), LOPES FERREIRA (R.) & GOMES CARDOSO (P.), 2010. Evaluation and morphological identification of tannase-producing cave fungi:107-108, poster presentation. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August -3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961269-286-5. ABS: Caves have peculiar environmental characterist ics which provide favorable conditions for the developm ent of some organisms, such as fungi. There are almost no studi es on cave microbiota in Brazil. Much information on cave microbiology is being lost with the continuous suppression of caves in the country. The lack of knowledge and studies in this area highlights the potential o f finding new fungi species or even isolates of biotechnological intere st. Such findings could strengthen conservational actions for this environm ent. One of the areas that has been growing in the country is the study o f fungi capable of producing enzymes of biotechnological potential. On e of these enzymes is the Tannase (tannin acyl) hydrolase. This enzyme catalyses the hydrolysis reaction of the ester bonds present in t he hydrolysable tannins and gallic acid esters. It is produced by plants an d microorganisms. It is largely used in the production of instantaneous tea acorn liquor and of gallic acid. This acid is an important compound for the synthesis of antibacterial drugs used in the pharmaceutical and food industries. Tannase is also used as clarifying agent in some dr inks (wines, juices and coffee flavored drinks). The Aspergillus genus has been widely used for tannase production. The objective of this study was to isolate tannaseproducing filamentous fungi from Brazilian caves in the Caatinga biome. The isolation of fungi was done in PDA (Potato Dext rose Agar) media with 0.2% of tannic acid for 5 days at 28C. Screen ing was performed in media containing tannic acid (only carbon source). The growth was analyzed in 3, 5 and 7 days. The tannase-producing isolates were identified to genera level. These isolates belonged to 5 different genera: Aspergillus Penicillium, Fusarium, Rhizopus and Cladosporium A total of 386 from the 544 fungi isolated produced tannase representing 70.96% of the samples. The fungi presenting signifi cant growth will be submitted to specific enzymatic activity and specie s identification. The results obtained in this study highlight the biotec hnological potential of cave microorganisms and the need of more studies co ncerning cave microbiology and its applicability. BULLEN (R. D.), McKENZIE (N. L.), BULLEN (K. E.) & WILLIAMS (M. R.), 2010. Bat heart mass: correlation with foraging niche and roost preference. Australian Journal of Zoology 57(6, 2009, Published: 22 January 2010):399-408. DOI: ABS: We found that the spirit-preserved hearts of 3 4 species of Australian bat, representing 6 families, weighed fr om 0.3 to 0.65% of bat mass (mbat), a variation factor of two. The average mass of the heart specimens of the 34 species was 0.501% of bat mass and this did not vary with bat mass. This value was much lower than the a verage of the available published data, 0.991%. Insectivorous bat s that forage or fly in and near three-dimensional clutter have heart mass fractions ~0.04% larger than average, whereas insectivorous bats tha t forage around and above the canopy in clear air have fractions ~0.16% smaller than average. Insectivorous bats that are obligate deep-cave roos ters have significantly smaller fractions, 0.18% smaller than average, wher eas those that hover have fractions ~0.08% larger than average. Availabl e published data, although based on freshly sacrificed animals, show the same trends in relation to heart mass fraction and the same scatte r and body-mass relationships. However, the magnitude of the fracti ons differs by a factor of two and may relate to our removal of all tissue except the musculature and walls of the four cardiac chambers. KW: Bat, fo raging, heart, morphology, niche, roosting. BU MACHIU (G.), 2010. Checklist of springtails (Collembola) from the Republic of Moldova. Travaux du Musum national d'Histoire naturelle "Grigore Antip a" 53(Dcembre):149-160. DOI: BUZJAK (S.), KLETE KI (N.), MITI n (B.) & VUJNOVI n (T.), 2010. Flora at some pit and cave entrances of umberak, Croatia. Natura Croatica 19(1, June 30):165-177. ABS: This study presents results of floristic research into the entrances of seven speleological features of umberak, i. e. of three pits and four caves. One of them lies i n Upper Triassic dolostones, three in Upper Cretaceous flysch and ca rbonate sediments, two in Badenian limestone and one in Quarternary tr avertine sediments. The flora was inventoried at the entrance areas and at different distances from the entrances into the speleological features. The recorded plants were analyzed both taxonomically and regarding the abundance in the type habitats (pit, cave). Furthermore, similarity between habitats (Srensen index of similarity), ecological indicato ry values and life forms were analyzed as well. KW: umberak, pit and cave e ntrances, flora. k_jezik=82729&la ng=en BUZZACOTT (P. L.), 2010. 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology. AKMA Journal 81(December):? BUZZACOTT (P. L.), BUCKLEY (D.) & WATERWORTH (P.), 2010. Chemoautotrophic microbial mantle prevalence in Murra El Elevyn: catastrophic decline or seasonal fluctuation?:99, p oster presentation. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August -3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961269-286-5. ABS: The Nullarbor Plain of Western Australia is a plateau of horizontal Eocene and Miocene karst, home to num erous extensive caves flooded with brackish water. In 1999 chemoaut otrophic microbial mantles were recorded in Murra El Elevyn, and sampl es collected in Weebubbie and Warbla caves. The temperature in Murr a El Elevyn was 23.7 degrees Celsius, and in nearby Tommy Graham's cave it was 23.1 degrees. One year later return visits were made to Weebubbie and Warbla caves, and divers reported limited re-growth of 1-2 cm where samples had previously been collected. In September 2009 mi crobial mantles were again recorded in abundance in Murra El Elevyn cave hanging 20-30 cm long underneath ledges and covering the rubble belo w. The temperature was recorded to have fallen to 18.9C. On a return visit six months later, after the dry Australian summer, divers found subst antially fewer mantles, the largest of which was a mere 2 cm long. Water temperature was 19.3C in Murra El Elevyn and 23.4C in Tommy G raham's cave. Meanwhile, the mantles at Weebubbie and nearby Olgo lwin caves remained abundant. Given the rapid decline over six months in the prevalence of microbial mantles in Murra El Elevyn alone, we postulate two potential scenarios. Firstly, that localised fa lling average water temperature has transformed Murra El Elevyn into an inhospitable environment (e. g. altered water chemistry), causin g the catastrophic demise of microbial mantles in that cave. Alternate ly, with notably different rain-driven dissolved nutrient ingress to Weebubbie and Warbla caves, the otherwise morphologically similar mantle s in Murra El Elevyn have evolved an annual, seasonally regulated lifecy cle and are, thus, relatively faster growing than has been observed in other Nullarbor caves. Further research is underway to monitor this previo usly unreported phenomena and to establish which, if either of thes e possibilities, is likelier the cause. CABANELLAS-REBOREDO (M.), DEUDERO (S.), AL"S (J.) & HENDRIKS (I.), 2010. Initial data on settlement and recruitment of macrobenthic organism s on artificial substrates located over Posidonia oceanica meadows. Marine Biology Research 6(6):591-599. DOI: BL: Cf p. 592, "In other Mediterranean studies, artificial se ttlement panels have been used to investigate fouling associated with an offshore buoy (Relini & al., 2000), and to analyse the recruitment of Ser puloideans in a marine cave (Denitto & Liccianp, 2006)". CAIRE (W.) & LOUCKS (L. S.), 2010. Loss in Mass by Hibernating Cave Myotis, Myotis velifer (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae) in Western Oklahoma. The Southwestern Naturalist 55(3, September):323-330. DOI: ABS: This study characterized loss in body mass by the cave Myotis, Myotis velifer in 7


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 16 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 hibernation seasons (October-March 1979-1986) in we stern Oklahoma. Average mass entering hibernation was 14.4 g for ma les and 15.4 g for females. At the end of hibernation, average mass of males and females was 11.5 and 12.0 g, respectively. Males lost an av erage of 2.9 g (20.1%) and females lost 3.4 g (22.1%). During hibernation, males and females lost 0.021 and 0.024 g/day, respectively. We detect ed no difference in rate of loss of mass between the first and second h alves of hibernation for either sex. Males and females lost 3.8 and 4.1 g, r espectively, during 2005-2006, when only two visits were made to the ca ve (October and March). These values for loss in mass were slightly more than losses recorded for males and females when bats were sampl ed each month during hibernation. RES: Este estudio caracteriza l a prdida del peso corporal de los murcilagos, Myotis velifer en 7 estaciones de la hibernacin (octubre-marzo 1979-1986) en Oklahoma o ccidental. El peso mediano al inicio de la hibernacin para los machos fue 14.4 g y para las hembras 15.4 g. El peso mediano de machos y de hemb ras al final de la hibernacin fue 11.5 y 12.0 g, respectivamente. Los machos perdieron un promedio de 2.9 g (20.1%) y las hembras perdieron 3 .4 g (22.1%). Durante la hibernacin, los machos y las hembras pe rdieron 0.021 y 0.024 g/dia, respectivamente. No detectamos ninguna diferencia en la tasa de la prdida del peso entre la primera y segunda m itad de la hibernacin para ambos sexos. Machos y hembras perdieron 3.8 g y 4.1 g, respectivamente, durante 2005-2006 cuando solamente se hicieron dos visitas a la cueva (octubre y marzo). Estos valores de la prdida de peso fueron levemente ms que la prdida del peso regist rada para machos y hembras cuando los murcilagos fueron muestreados c ada mes durante la hibernacin. CALAFORRA (J. M.) & DE WAELE (J.), 2010. Zenithal ceiling tubes, a peculiar karst corrosion form in C arlsbad Caverns (New Mexico, USA). Geophysical Research Abstracts 12, EGU2010-3126, 2010, EGU General Assembly 2010, 1 p. CALDER (D. R.), 2010. Some anthoathecate hydroids and limnopolyps (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa) from the Hawaiian archipelago. Zootaxa 2590(August 31):1-91, 49 pl., 437 rf. CAMACHO (A. I.) & HANCOCK (P.), 2010. A new genus of Parabathynellidae (Crustacea, Bathynellacea) in New South Wales, Australia. Journal of Natural History 44(17/18, May):1081-1094. DOI: ABS: A new genus and species of the family Parabathynellidae, Octobathynella peelensis gen. nov. sp. nov., is described from New South Wa les, Australia. The new genus displays several exclusive characters: a very large and distinctive male thoracopod VIII with one crest-like projection containing two lobules on the basipod; and four aes thetascs on segments six and seven of the antennule. It also has several combinations of characters that make it unique in the Parabathynell idae, specifically that: the antennule is eight-segmented (a new character i n the Australian species); there are seven segments in the antenna; the labrum has 18-20 teeth; the exopod of thoracopod I has three to four segments and the exopod of thoracopod II has four segments; the endo pod has one dorsal seta on the first and second segments and the epipo d is absent on thoracopod I; pleopods are absent; the endopod of t he male thoracopod VIII has two setae and the exopod has setules; ther e are 10-12 spines on the sympod, three or four spines on the endopod and five setae on the exopod of the uropod. The new genus and species is placed into context with all known Bathynellacea in Australia, and the biogeographic patterns are discussed for this ancient group of subterranea n crustaceans. KW: Syncarida, Bathynellacea, Parabathynellidae, New So uth Wales, Australia, stygofauna. CARDOSO (P.) & MORANO HERNNDEZ (E.), 2010. The Iberian spider checklist (Araneae). Zootaxa 2495(June 4):1-52, 4 pl., 50 rf. ABS: We compiled all the available information regarding spider species distribution i n the Iberian Peninsula (including the Balearic Islands). At present, 1335 species are known from the region, of which 236 are Iberian endemics, in 3 73 genera and 55 families. Portugal presents 768 species and Spain ( including Andorra and Gibraltar), 1213 species. Although the work develop ed during recent decades has allowed a major increase in our knowled ge of this group, there are certainly many species yet to be found an d, for those already listed, the distribution is largely unknown. Althou gh linyphiids present the highest number of known species (267), dysderid s present the highest endemic richness (46 species). Information regardin g the provinces from where each species was referenced is also presented and reveals large differences in the knowledge about each province, w ith most presenting very few known records and species. This checklist is accompanied by an online catalogue where all the information here pre sented is exhaustively listed and regularly updated. KW: Arthropoda, Balea ric Islands, catalogue, distribution, endemic species, Portugal, Spain, species list. CAREY (V.) & CAMPBELL (J. W.), 2010. Macroinvertebrate Survey of Byers Cave, Georgia. Po ster P2.50. CARMICHAEL (M. J.), CARMICHAEL (S.), ROBLE (L. A.) & BRUER (S.), 2010. Geomicrobiology of Mn Oxide Deposits in Eastern Tennessee Caves. Poster P 1.83. CARPENTER (T. L.) & ROBBINS (R. G.), 2010. Patronyms honoring Harry HOOGSTRAAL (1917-1986). Systematic & Applied Acarology 15:187-194. ABS: Documentation is presented for 76 patronyms in 11 t axonomic classes honoring the preeminent medical entomologist Dr. Ha rry HOOGSTRAAL. KW: Harry HOOGSTRAAL, patronyms. CARTER (J.), FOWLES (A.) & ANGELE (C.), 2010. Monitoring the population of the linyphid spider Porrhomma rosenhaueri (L. Koch, 1872) (Araneae: Linyphiidae) in Lesser Garth Cave, Cardiff, UK. Cave and Karst Science 37(1):3-8. ABS: The cave dwelling spider Porrhomma rosenhaueri (L. Koch) is unique to the British fauna as it is considered to be the only species of troglobiont sp ider present. This spider has a very limited distribution in the UK an d is known only from two cave sites, both of which are in South Wales: O gof y Ci near Merthyr Tydfil and Lesser Garth Cave near Cardiff. Monitori ng populations of cavernicolous species is very difficult to achieve and the aim of this survey was to set up a Common Standards Monitoring (CSM) protocol that would allow meaningful data to be compiled as to the size and viability of the spider population in the Lesser Ga rth Cave complex. A defined transect of the main passage in the cave wa s surveyed, carefully searching the accessible parts of the passage for b oth live spiders and webs in good condition but with no obvious spider p resent. The first visit was made in September 2009 and 17 live spiders were recorded, removing one to confirm identification. During a fo llow up survey in December 2009 only 6 live spiders were recorded. Po ssible reasons for this are discussed in this paper. The overall impre ssion is that, despite living next to an active quarry, the spider Porrhom ma rosenhaueri is still well-established in the Lesser Garth Cave. The cave itself has a rich diversity of cave associated species and is thus an important site for speleobiology in the UK. CASALE (A.), 2010. From Anophthalmus schmidti to molecular phylogenies: past and present in the know ledge of subterranean carabid beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae):152. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August -3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961269-286-5. ABS: The author presents an updated, tentative synt hesis of the available knowledge of the main groups of ca rabid beetles (Geadephaga, or Caraboidea) represented in subterra nean environments in different areas of the world. Caraboidea, with s ome families of Staphylinoidea, represent the almost totality of th e subterranean Coleoptera. As generalized ground and mostly predac eous beetles, they became a successful group in all kind of soil and s ubterranean environments, and some of them show the most impres sive examples of adaptation to hypogean life. In particular, three t axonomic groups will be stressed: 1. Scaritinae of the subtribe Reicheiina, with emphasis on the main questions concerning their global distribution s, and their possible "adaptive radiation" in Sardinia; 2. Trechinae of t he tribe Trechini, stressing the opportunity of a new taxonomic treatm ent of "phyletic lineages" supported by bio-molecular data; 3. Ptero stichinae of the subtribes Molopina and Sphodrina, with emphasis on the EuroMediterranean genera, highly interesting from the b iogeographic point of view. Some questions concerning other groups of sub terranean carabids (Paussinae Ozaenini, Promecognathinae, Dryptinae Zu phiini) will be also recalled and debated. Funds were provided by PRIN-M IUR (Ministry of the University and Scientific Research, Italy) and the EU project Interreg


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 17 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 III Sardinia-Corsica-Tuscany. CASTRO (P.), 2010. A new species and new records of palicoid crabs (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura, Palicoidea, Palicidae, Crossotonotidae) from the In doWest Pacific region. Zoosystema 32(1):73-86. CASTRO (P.), DAVIE (P. J. F.), NG (P. K. L.) & RICH ER DE FORGES (B.), 2010. Le professeur Danile GUINOT. In: CASTRO (P.), DAVIE (P. J. F.), NG (P. K L.) & RICHER DE FORGES (B.), Studies on Brachyura: a Homage to Danile GUINOT. Crustaceana Monographs. Fransen, C. H. J. M. and J. C. von Vaupel Klein, se ries eds, 11, Leiden, Brill. CASTRO (P.), DAVIE (P. J. F .), NG (P. K. L.) & RICHER DE FORGES (B.), eds, 1-33 p. CECCOLINI (F.), PAGLIANTI (A.), STREITENBERGER (C.) & BERTI (R.), 2010. Can chemical cues act as landmarks in the orientation o f the cave fish Phreatichthys andruzzii ? Canadian Journal of Zoology 88(9, September 1):884-888. DOI: ABS: In the constant darkness of cave environments fish locomotion has t o be directed by nonvisual spatial information. Four series of tests were done to determine the ability of the hypogean cyprinid Phreatichthys andruzzii Vinciguerra, 1924 to memorize a synthetic chemical cue (morpholi ne, C4H9NO), to associate it with an area, to utilize such informat ion for direct locomotory activity, and to determine how long that associatio n is retained in fish memory. Although morpholine acts as neutral stimulu s for P. andruzzii after acclimation in morpholine-scented areas devoi d of food resources specimens showed a clear tendency to avoid waters c haracterized by the odour of that chemical. We hypothesize that an asso ciation between odours and trophic characteristics of an area allow s the fish to optimize their exploratory activity, as it allows them to re cognize areas already experienced to be devoid of trophic resources and t o avoid these as unprofitable places. The above association seems to be memorized for a short time; the behavioural response vanishing betw een 6 and 18 h after the end of the acclimation period. After a certain time has elapsed, it could be profitable to visit the same areas again t o verify the incidental availability of new food sources. RS: Dans l'obscu rit permanente des milieux troglodytes, la locomotion des poissons doi t tre dirige par de l'information spatiale non visuelle. Quatre sries de tests nous ont servi dterminer la capacit du cyprinid hypoge Phreatichthys andruzzii Vinciguerra, 1924 mmoriser un signal chimique sy nthtique (morpholine, C4H9NO), l'associer un site et utiliser cette inf ormation pour diriger son activit locomotrice; nous avons a ussi mesur la dure de l'association dans la mmoire du poisson. Bien que la morpholine agisse comme stimulus neutre chez P. andruzzii les individus acclimats dans des zones marques d'odeur de morpholine, mais sans ressources alimentaires, ont une nette tendance viter les e aux porteuses de l'odeur de ce produit. Nous mettons l'hypothse selon laqu elle une association entre les odeurs et les caractristiques trophiques d'une zone permet aux poissons d'optimiser leur activit exploratrice, pu isqu'elle leur sert reconnatre les rgions dj connues par exprience pour tre prives de ressources trophiques et les viter comme sites s ans bnfices. L'association dcrite ci-haut semble tre mmorise pour une priode courte, car la rponse comportementale disparat en tre 6 et 18 h aprs la fin de la priode d'acclimatation. Sans doute, apr s un certain temps, il pourrait tre bnfique d'explorer nouveau les m mes zones pour vrifier la disponibilit fortuite de nouvelles sou rces de nourriture. C. G., 2010. Macornay/Nature/27 Aot. Quand vient la nuit la grotte de Gravelle. CHAKRABARTY (P.), 2010. Status and phylogeny of Milyeringidae (Teleostei: Gobiiformes), with the description of a new blind cave-fish from Australia Milyeringa brooksi new sp. Zootaxa 2557(August 3):1928, 5 pl., 13 rf. ABS: A phylogeny of Milyeringidae is reported and a new species, Milyeringa brooksi is described from Cape Range National Park in the North West Cape (Cape Range Pe ninsula) of Australia. This species is distinguished on the bas is of morphological and molecular characters from its only congener Milyeringa veritas These diagnostic characters are related to a unique patte rn of sensory papillae on the body and synapomorphies in three genes (cytochr ome c oxidase I, cytochrome b, and NADH dehydrogenase 2). The new sp ecies is known only from the southern portion of the North West Ca pe spanning roughly 50 kilometers of subterranean habitat. This habitat is exceedingly rare and measures to preserve it and its fauna should be tak en. KW: Blind, cave, stygobites, taxonomy, troglodytic. CHAKRABARTY (P.), 2010. Genetypes: a concept to help integrate molecular phylogenetics and taxonomy. Zootaxa 2632(October, 1):67-68, 10 rf. CHANG (S. J.), BLAKE (R. E.), STOUT (L. M.) & KIM (S. J.), 2010. Oxygen isotope, micro-textural and molecular evidence for the role of microorganisms i n formation of hydroxylapatite in limestone caves, So uth Korea. Chemical Geology 276(3/4, September):209-224. DOI: ABS: We present oxygen isotope, micro-textural, and molecular evidence of microbial activity in the formation of hydroxyla patite (HAP) in three limestone caves (Gosu, Sungryu, and Ssang caves) in South Korea. HAP typically forms as crusts (0.1 to 0.5 mm thick) coa ting carbonates of speleothems and host rock surfaces, on and near bat habitats. Microtextures within HAP crusts indicate that a metastab le apatite precursor (AP) is initially precipitated on and near the surf aces of sulfur-bearing microbial filaments and then transforms to HAP. Ana lysis of DNA extracted from the HAP crusts confirms that sulfur oxidizing bacteria are present in some of the HAP samples. The !18O values of phosphate ( !18OP) in HAP precipitated in the caves range from 14.6 to 15.6‰ and are close to isotopic equilibrium with the weighted mean annual !18O value of rain water (= cave water) at the mean annu al air temperature (= measured cave temperature). The difference in oxyge n isotopic composition between speleothem carbonate ( !18OC) and phosphate ( !18OP) in adjacent apatitic crusts is similar to that of co-existing carbonate and phosphate in modern biogenic apatite. These results suggest that phosphate, likely derived from bat exc retions, was metabolized by microorganisms and has undergone ext ensive oxygen isotope exchange with cave drip water by intense bi ological turnover of phosphate, and then precipitated as HAP in near-equ ilibrium with water and carbonate in the cave ecosystem. Results from t hese studies of !18OP values of HAP crusts in limestone caves demonstrate the utility of !18OP as an environmental temperature proxy and signature of microbiological processes. KW: Bat guano, Hydroxylapatite, Limeston e cave, Phosphate oxygen isotope, Speleothem, Sulfur oxidizing bacter ia. CHARLES (L.) & GRAUME (C.), 2010. Les mollusques rcents de la Rserve Naturelle Gologique de Sauca ts-La Brde (Gironde, France) [The Recent molluscs from t he "Rserve Naturelle Gologique de Saucats-La Brde" (Gironde, France)]. Bulletin de la Socit linnenne de Bordeaux 145, nouvelle srie, 38(4):437-448. RS: Nous avons ralis un premier inventaire de la malacofau ne terrestre et dulaquicole prsente sur l'emprise de la Rserve N aturelle Gologique de Saucats-La Brde (Gironde). Un ensemble de 50 es pces, dont 6 aquatiques, a pu tre observ dans les diffrents s ites classs. Nous mentionnons galement 5 espces complmentaires obs erves sur la commune de Saucats proximit immdiate de l'espac e de la Rserve. Parmi les espces rencontres au cours de cet inven taire, trois font l'objet de discussions: Balea heydeni Von Maltzan, 1881 note pour la premire fois en Aquitaine, Semilimax pyrenaicus (Frussac, 1821) nouvellement rencontre en Gironde, et Bythinella sp., morphologiquement bien distincte de Bythinella ferussina (Des Moulins, 1827), unique espce de bythinelle cite rcemment en Gironde, suggrant un e plus grande diversit du genre pour le dpartement. MC: Mollusq ues continentaux rcents, inventaire, Aquitaine, Gironde, Saucats, Balea heydeni Bythinella sp., Semilimax pyrenaicus ABS: We have drawn up the first inventory of the land and freshwater malacofauna of the Rserve Naturelle Gologique de Saucats-La Brde. A total o f 50 species, 6 of which are aquatic, were observed in the various sit es. To this list, we saw 5 more species observed in Saucats, very close to t he Reserve area. Among the species encountered during this inventory three of them are discussed: Balea heydeni Von Maltzan, 1881 noted for the first time in Aquitaine, Semilimax pyrenaicus (Frussac, 1821) newly encountered in Gironde and Bythinella sp., morphologically distinct from Bythinella ferussina (Des Moulins, 1827), the only species of this genu s recently recorded in the Gironde, suggesting a wider local d iversity for the genus. KW: Recent continental molluscs, inventory, Aquitai ne, the Gironde, Saucats, Balea heydeni Bythinella sp., Semilimax pyrenaicus


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 18 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 CHATTERJEE (T.), PAVI n EVI n (A.) & PEŠI n (V. M.), 2010. New records of the Halacarid Mites (Acari: Halacaridae) from Croatia. Acta Biologica 17:85-89. CHATURVEDI (V.), SPRINGER (D. J.), BEHR (M. J.), RAMANI (R.), LI (Xiaojiang), PECK (M. K.), REN (P.), BOPP (D. J.), WOOD (B.), SAMSONOFF (W. A.), BUTCHKOSKI (C. M.), HICKS (A. C.), STONE (W. B.), RUDD (R. J.) & CHATURVEDI (S.), 2010. Morphological and Molecular Characterizations of Psychrophilic Fungus Geomyces destructans from New York Bats with White Nose Syndrome (WNS). PLoS ONE 5(5, May):e10783, 12 p. DOI: ABS: Background: Massive die-offs of little brown bats ( Myotis lucifugus ) have been occurring since 2006 in hibernation sites arou nd Albany, New York, and this problem has spread to other States in the Northeastern United States. White cottony fungal growth is seen on the snouts of affected animals, a prominent sign of White Nose Syndrome (W NS). A previous report described the involvement of the fungus Geomyces destructans in WNS, but an identical fungus was recently isolated in France from a bat that was evidently healthy. The fungus has been rec overed sparsely despite plentiful availability of afflicted animals Methodology/Principal Findings: We have investigated 100 bat and environm ental samples from eight affected sites in 2008. Our findings provide strong evidence for an etiologic role of G. destructans in bat WNS. (i) Direct smears from bat snouts, Periodic Acid Schiff-stained tissue section s from infected tissues, and scanning electron micrographs of bat tissues al l showed fungal structures similar to those of G. destructans (ii) G. destructans DNA was directly amplified from infected bat tissues, (iii) Isolations of G. destructans in cultures from infected bat tissues showed 100% DNA match with the fungus present in positive tissue sa mples. (iv) RAPD patterns for all G. destructans cultures isolated from two sites were indistinguishable. (v) The fungal isolates showed p sychrophilic growth. (vi) We identified in vitro proteolytic activities suggestive of known fungal pathogenic traits in G. destructans Conclusions/Significance: Further studies are needed to understand whether G. destructans WNS is a symptom or a trigger for bat mass mortality. The availability of wellcharacterized G. destructans strains should promote an understanding of bat-fungus relationships, and should aid in the scr eening of biological and chemical control agents. CHERTOPRUD (E. S.), GHEERARDYN (H.) & G"MEZ (S.), 2010. Harpacticoida (Crustacea: Copepoda) of the South China Sea: faunistic and biogeographical anal ysis. Hydrobiologia Online First™, 21 March 2010. DOI: ABS: Based on original and on published databases, a compendium o f the Harpacticoida of the South China Sea is presented, and the distri butional range of species is discussed. Up to now, a total of 77 harp acticoid species belonging to 57 genera and 19 families have been re corded in this region. Twenty of these species, collected in Nha-Trang Bay (Vietnam), have not hitherto been described. The most speciose families are the Miraciidae (20 species) and the Laophontidae (9 species). Thir teen families were represented by one to three species only and six fa milies by four to seven species. A brief comparison is presented between th e harpacticoid fauna of the South China Sea, the Philippine Islands, the inner Malayan Archipelago (Java, Flores, Banda, and Celebes Seas) New Guinea, the Yellow Sea, and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Th e overall similarity between the species lists of these areas was observ ed to be extremely low (average value of Simpson index is 0.15 0.08). Th e lists of planktonic species from the different areas showed the highest similarity. The lowest similarity (highest endemism) was observed between the lists of interstitial species. It is likely that one of the factors determining the differences between the faunas is the poor knowledg e about the composition and distribution of benthic harpacticoi ds in tropical latitudes. CHISTYAKOV (D. V.), 2010. "#r $#r %&' (##' )())r#' *$%r&#' )(+r' ,r$)) [New data about bats hibernation sites in cellars of Leningrad region]. ? "#r $#r %&' (##' )())r#' *$%r&#' )(+r' ,r$)) %.r#' r#' (r*r' $r'/r)' *$%r&#' '$' # (+r# &r) )*/ r' $ : Plecotus auritus Myotis daubentonii Eptesicus nilssonii 0 1.)r )(/r (r+2' %&(r r%/r1r /) %r1 31 $& )(/r # (+r 20 (##' & /)r M. daubentonii ; *)r$$ *$#' (#' *r$r' .r) rr r &r/) 45/r#r ) : (##r %& ,r$) )1 SUM: At the last years (2003-2009), some cellars situated in Leningrad region were examined. We inwestigated about 40 undergrounds, but only in 6 of them bats w interigs was obtained. In small cellars only several specimiens of ( Epntsicus nilssonii ) were found. In underground tunnel (Taitskiy vododvo d) we obtained only Plecotus auritus (about 10 specimiens). Only in one place (fort "Nikolaevskij") we record a more then 20 animals, b elong to for three bats species ( P. auritus Myotis daubentonii E. nilssonii ). KW: Bats, Leningrad region, hibernation, cellars. CHISTYAKOV (D. V.) & r ( .), 2010. 0+r-.& ()r& )(2r) r(/' &#.r)rrr r) /r %&' (r+2 *$#' $ %&r)*/ rr n*$r 6)) rr %r)#& % *$#' (r+2 $+# )/1) (#r *$%r&r1 )#r *$%r&#r # *r%#' )*r&#' 0 *r$r' ))&r& r 1.) # *) %(/r )rr$r XX [4, 5]. 0 '$r $1r-.r %(/r (##' rr n*$ 6)) & (+r# )r$# #r r%r)#r r(r %& r(/' &#.r*$%r&#' (r+2' 6r%(1# 7' ))r$%+r# +r CHISTYAKOV (D. V.) & BOGDARINA (S. V.), 2010. New data on hibernation sites of bats (Vespertilion idae) in the north-west of Russia:115. In: 15th International Bat Research Conference, Prague, 22-27 August 2010, the conference manual: Programme, abstracts, list of participants, edited by: Ivan HOR EK and Petr BENDA, ISBN 978-80-87154-46-5, 380 p. ABS: During 2000-2008, some new caves and artificial undergroun ds in the Leningrad Region and the Republic of Karelia were surveyed fo r bats. In all these shelters hibernation of bats was revealed. We found seven bat species there ( Plecotus auritus Myotis nattereri M. daubentonii M. brandtii M. dasycneme Eptesicus nilssonii Vespertilio murinus ). All records are of particular interest in respect of the fact, that th e hibernacula lie near the northern margins of the distribution ranges of thes e species. Among the most important records range the findings of winter ing individuals of Vespertilio murinus a species formerly unknown to hibernate in the region. We obtained also a new record of Myotis brandtii although numbers of this species decreased in the last years in the region. CHISTYAKOV (D. V.) & NICKULIN (A. D.), 2010. [The influence of anthropogenic pressure on the bats at winter habitats]. ? SUM: The most of artificial caves in Leningrad regi on are used by bats as habitats for hibernation. Earlier, caves in Sablino were one of the biggest winter shelters. By the research in 1996-1997 there were 514 bats, belonging to 6 species, investigated Also this caves appeared to be the place of unique winter community of a "red-book" specie Myotis nattereri (IUCN "3 VU"). Although, the situation had been badly changing in the following years. The com munity of bats happened to be modified, because of the organizatio n of excursion service in one cave and frequent visits of cluttere d tourist groups in another. In 1990-2000 there were only 22 bats found Apart from this, the reconstruction of the cave for the needs of commerc ial activity demolished the rickety micro-climatic conditions of the underground shelter. The unique community of Natterer's bats ( Myotis nattereri ) was practically ruined. Another winter habitats of bats meanwhile are better condition (caves in Staraya Ladoga), because of the ir lesser notoriety. The concerning increasing of the number of bats was marked there is some previous years. But they are extraordinary vul nerable and must be adopted the status of the unique geological object with the great zoological value. CHO (J.-L.) & HUMPHREYS (W. F.), 2010. Ten new species of the genus Brevisomabathynella Cho, Park & Ranga Reddy, 2006 (Malacostraca, Bathynellacea,


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 19 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 Parabathynellidae) from Western Australia. Journal of Natural History 44(17/18, May):993-1079. DOI: ABS: Ten new species of Brevisomabathynella Cho, Park & Ranga Reddy, 2006 are described and illustrated from the arid region of W estern Australia. Comparison of the external morphology revealed the presence of three common characters distributed among the 10 species: the five-segmented antenna, the absence of the basipodal seta on the m ale thoracopod VIII and the absence of a basiventral seta on the uropod al exopod. This character combination is not found in Notobathynella and Billibathynella but only in Brevisomabathynella a genus known from two described species both with unusual characters. Despite the t hree common attributes, the 10 new species differ remarkably fr om these two described species, but could not be defined by their own syna pomorphy. Consequently, and cognizant of a previously perform ed molecular analysis, we assign the 10 new species to Brevisomabathynella and amend the generic diagnosis. The species inhabit sh allow aquifers in groundwater calcretes and each appears to be endemi c to a given calcrete formation. The two species previously known and the 10 species now described include four sympatric species pairs, wit h similar-sized sympatric species differing markedly in body form. Brevisomabathynella inhabit groundwater up to at least marine salinity. KW: Brevisomabathynella Parabathynellidae, new species, Yilgarn, Western Australia, Australia. CHRISTIAN (E.), 2010. Hhlenfauna am Ostrand der Alpen. Naturschutz bunt Zeitschrift des Naturschutzbund N 2010(1):8-9. CMPEAN (M.-D.), 2010. Taxonomical and ecological study of water mite communities (Acari, Hydrachnidia) fro m the river Somesul Mic catchment area and their role as indicators of water quality. "Babes-Bolyai" University, Cluj-Napoca Biology and Geology Faculty, Taxonomy and Ecology Department. Summary of the thesis, 31 p NB LGEL ( .) & GKEO LU (M.), 2010. Flora of Altnbe 8 ik Cavern National Park ( brad-Akseki, Antalya/Turkey). Biological Diversity and Conservation 3(3):85-110. CLABORN (D. M.), 2010. The biology and control of leishmaniasis vectors. Journal of Global Infectious Diseases 2(2, May/August):127-134. DOI: COKENDOLPHER (J. C.) & KREJCA (J. K.), 2010. A New Cavernicolous Parobisium Chamberlin, 1930 (Pseudoscorpiones: Neobisiidae) from Yosemite Natio nal Park, U. S. A. Occasional Papers Museum of Texas Tech University, 297(September 30):26 p. ABS: A new species of troglobitic Parobisium pseudoscorpion is described from two caves developed in granite talus slopes in the Yosemite V alley, U. S. A. The 16 species of the genus are all from the northern hemi sphere (western U. S. A., China, Japan, South Korea). A taxonomic key to the genus in the U. S. A. is provided. The new species has only an ante rior pair of pale colored eyespots without tapetum and is blind. Exte nsive searching at other shallow nearby caves and on the surface has n ot revealed any other specimens of this species, although it is common wi thin certain areas of the two known caves. This may be only the second tr oglobite described from granite talus caves in North America, and sugg ests the potential for fruitful exploration in regions not traditionally s ampled for subterranean fauna. KW: Cavernicolous, boulders, granitic cave, Parobisium pseudoscorpions, talus, troglobite, Yosemite Nation al Park. COKENDOLPHER (J. C.), SISSOM (W. D.) & REDDELL (J. R.), 2010. A New Species of Apozomus (Arachnida: Schizomida: Hubbardiidae) from Peninsul ar Malaysia. Occasional Papers Museum of Texas Tech University, 298(October 27):8 p. ABS: A new species of the genus Apozomus Harvey, 1992 is described from Malaysia. It was collected in a termite nest and is therefore likely a termitophile. The new species is the 14th described species of the order from Southeast Asia and the 19th member of the genus Apozomus The described taxa of the Schizomida from Southeast Asia are reviewed. Many s pecies remain to be studied and described. KW: Apozomus Longipeditermes new species, Peninsular Malaysia, schizomid, taxonomy, termite. Commonwealth of Australia, 2010. Focusing on the Landscape. Biodiversity in Australia's National Res erve System. 148 p. Commonwealth of Australia, 2010. Focusing on the Landscape. Biodiversity in Australia's National Res erve System. Part A: Fauna. 197 p. Commonwealth of Australia, 2010. Focusing on the Landscape. Biodiversity in Australia's National Res erve System. Part B: Vascular Flora. 514 p. COOK (L. D.), TREWICK (S. A.), MORGANRICHARDS (M.) & JOHNS (P. M.), 2010. Status of the New Zealand cave weta (Rhaphidophoridae) genera Pachyrhamma Gymnoplectron and Turbottoplectron Invertebrate Systematics 24(2):131-138. DOI: ABS: The New Zealand Rhaphidophoridae Walker, 1869 comprise 18 endemic g enera (including 8 that are monotypic). Although there are many new species to be described, rationalisation at the genus level is al so required due to inconsistencies in their current systematics. Even the largest and best known taxa, including those that occupy cave system s and are the most frequently encountered by people, require taxonomic revision. These cave weta include species assigned to three poorly diffe rentiated genera, Pachyrhamma Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1888, Gymnoplectron Hutton, 1897 and Turbottoplectron Salmon, 1948, that are best known from North Island New Zealand. We used mitochondrial DNA seque nce data to examine their relationships using representatives o f each genus. The results indicate that a single genus Pachyrhamma would be appropriate for all, as Gymnoplectron and Turbottoplectron nest phylogenetically within it. There are insufficient morphological, sp atial or ecological reasons to justify retention of all three. However, we also note that species level diversity does not correlate with gen etic or spatial diversity; some species are genetically well partitioned and w idespread while others have narrow ranges in single cave systems and are c losely related to one another. KW: Phylogeography, species radiation. COOMBS (S.), 2010. S 9.2. Active flow-sensing for spatial exploration and navigation:55. In: 9th International Congress of Neuroethology Salamanca (Spain), 2-7 August 2010. Sponsored by the International Society for Neuroethology ( Abstracts. ABS: Blind cavefish ( Astyanax mexicanus ) are unable to scan their surroundings from a single vantage point by visual or other long-rang e sensory systems to determine the spatial configuration of their distan t surroundings. Rather, they must rely on short-range senses and swim withi n sensory range of each landmark feature. Thus, any knowledge of the s patial relationship between two or more features must be obtained from sequential encounters. In order to sense nearby features witho ut touching them, fish use active-flow sensing to detect the spatiotempora l perturbations caused by nearby stationary objects in their own self-gene rated flow fields. Given that flow signal generation and reception is coupled to the coast phase of their burst-coast swimming gait, sensory u pdates about their position in space with respect to their surrounding s are intermittent and constrained by locomotor demands. As a consequence, spatial exploration and navigation pose special challenges for blind ca vefish. Comparative studies on the swimming trajectories and fine-scale swimming kinematics of blind cavefish and their nearest sighted relativ e, a morph of the same species, reveal interesting similarities and differ ences in the sensorimotor strategies used by these two morphs when exploring novel environments. Comparisons suggest that both morphs share common s trategies for regulating the temporal characteristics of burst-co ast swimming kinematics, but that blind morphs differ significan tly from sighted morphs in their swimming trajectories and in latera l line-enabled abilities to link swim cycles into sequences that form straig ht trajectories. These differences can best be understood in terms of the intermittent and shortrange challenges of active flow-sensing by blind ca vefish and suggest that these fish have evolved behavioral strategies for c oping with these challenges. COOPER (J. E.) & COOPER (M. R.), 2010. Long-term mark-recapture studies of population sizes in the stygobiotic crayfishes (Decapoda: Cambaridae) of Sh elta


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 20 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 Cave, Alabama, USA. Subterranean Biology 7(2009, December):35-40. ABS: Mark-recapture studies of Orconectes (O.) australis O. (O.) sheltae and Cambarus (A.) jonesi conducted in Shelta Cave, Huntsville, Alabama, USA, between 1968 and 19 73, provided baseline data on population sizes of all three spec ies. Individuals were given a painted carapace mark to identify intermolt s, and all were injected between the cuticle and the muscles of the abdomen with a permanent mark of Bates inks. A grand total of 1314 individua l crayfish was processed during that period, and there were 1213 r ecaptures (92.3%) of previously marked individuals. The number of O. (O.) australis marked was 959, the number of C. (A.) jonesi was 266, and the number of O. (O.) sheltae was 89. KW: Cave crayfishes, Cambarus Orconectes population sizes, Shelta Cave. ORAMAN (E.) & FURMAN (A.), 2010. The community structure of cave-dwelling bat populations in Yildi z Mountains, Turkish Thrace. Poster 67:71. In: 15th International Bat Research Conference, Prague, 22-2 7 August 2010, the conference manual: Programme, abstracts, list of participants, edited by: Ivan HOR EK and Petr BENDA, ISBN 978-80-87154-46-5, 380 p. ORAMAN (E.) & FURMAN (A.), 2010. The community structure of cave-dwelling bat populations in the Y ildiz Mountains, Turkish Thrace:117. In: 15th International Bat Research Conference, Prague, 22-27 August 2010, the conference manual: Programme, abstracts, list of participants, edited by: Ivan HOR EK and Petr BENDA, ISBN 978-80-87154-46-5, 380 p. ABS: In this study, the community composition, species richness, and ab undance of cavedwelling bat fauna of Yildiz Mountains is presented and our census data (2009) is compared with the results of the 2001 cen sus to examine possible changes in populations' abundance and stru cture over the last few years. Approximately 42000 bats, representing n ine species, were recorded in 22 caves and Miniopterus schreibersii was the most abundant species, followed by Rhinolophus ferrumequinum and large Myotis For the comparison, we focused on 19 caves and analyzed abundance of nine taxa: Miniopterus schreibersii Myotis capaccinii M. emarginatus M. blythii M. myotis Rhinolophus euryale R. blasii R. ferrumequinum and R. hipposideros Myotis blythii and M. myotis and Rhinolophus euryale and R. blasii were pooled together as large Myotis and medium-size Rhinolophus species, respectively. In winter and in summer 200 1 the total number of recorded bats was ca. 36000 and 14000, re spectively. The total abundance in 2001 was somewhat larger than in 2009 (ca. 30000 and 12000). In both time periods, and in both seasons, all analyzed species showed similar clamped distribution (as estimated b y high values of Green's index). Similarly, the Hill's diversity ind ices and evenness indices did not show any drastic differences. The observed discrepancy in the total abundance of bats, we link to almost twofold decrease in abundance Miniopterus schreibersii and medium-size Rhinolophus species during summer months from 2001 to 2009. In winter months, a similar trend was observed in large Myotis and again in medium-size Rhinolophus species. Whereas Miniopterus schreibersii and in large Myotis appear to show only seasonal changes, decrease in abundance of med ium-size Rhinolophus species seem to be consistent and might indicate a population decline of these species. We also report the first record of White Nose Syndrome in Turkey, which has been detec ted in a cave close to the Bulgarian state border on a large Myotis species. CORNUT (J.), ELGER (A.), LAMBRIGOT (D.), MARMONIER (P.) & CHAUVET (E.), 2010. Early stages of leaf decomposition are mediated by aquati c fungi in the hyporheic zone of woodland streams. Freshwater Biology 55(12, December):2541-2556. DOI: SUM: 1. Leaf litter constitutes the major source of orga nic matter and energy in woodland stream ecosystems. A substantial part of l eaf litter entering running waters may be buried in the streambed as a consequence of flooding and sediment movement. While decomposition of leaf litter in surface waters is relatively well understood, its f ate when incorporated into river sediments, as well as the involvement of invertebrate and fungal decomposers in such conditions, remain poorly docum ented. 2. We tested experimentally the hypotheses that the small inters tices of the sediment restrict the access of the largest shredders to bur ied organic matter without compromising that of aquatic hyphomycetes a nd that fungal decomposers in the hyporheic zone, at least partly, compensate for the role of invertebrate detritivores in the benthic zo ne. 3. Alder leaves were introduced in a stream either buried in the sedimen t (hyporheic), buried after 2 weeks of exposure at the sediment surface ( benthic-hyporheic), or exposed at the sediment surface for the entire expe riment (benthic). Leaf decomposition was markedly faster on the streambed surface than in the two other treatments (2.1and 2.8-fold faster than in the benthichyporheic and hyporheic treatments, respectively). 4. Fungal assemblages were generally less diverse in the hyporheic habita t with a few species tending to be relatively favoured by such condition s. Both fungal biomass and sporulation rates were reduced in the hyporheic treatment, with the leaves subject to the benthic-hyporheic treatment e xhibiting an intermediate pattern. The initial 2-week stage in t he benthic habitat shaped the fungal assemblages, even for leaves late r subjected to the hyporheic conditions. 5. The abundance and biomass of shredders drastically decreased with burial, except for Leuctra spp., which increased and was by far the most common leaf-assoc iated taxon in the hyporheic zone. Leuctra spp. was one of the rare shredder taxa displaying morphological characteristics that increased perfor mance within the limited space of sediment interstices. 6. The carbo n budgets indicated that the relative contributions of the two main decompos ers, shredders and fungi, varied considerably depending on the locatio n within the streambed. While the shredder biomass represented a lmost 50% of the initial carbon transformed after 80 days in the ben thic treatment, its contribution was <0.3% in the hyporheic one and 2.0 % in the combined benthic-hyporheic treatment. In contrast, mycelial and conidial production in the permanently hyporheic environment accounted for 12% of leaf mass loss, i. e. 2-3 times more than in the two other conditions. These results suggest that the role of fungi is par ticularly important in the hyporheic zone. 7. Our findings indicate that buria l within the substratum reduces the litter breakdown rate by limiting the a ccess of both invertebrate and fungal decomposers to leaves. As a consequence, the hyporheic zone may be an important region of organi c matter storage in woodland streams and serve as a fungal inoculum res ervoir contributing to further dispersal. Through the temporary retenti on of litter by burial, the hyporheic zone must play a significant role in the carbon metabolism and overall functioning of headwater stream ecosyst ems. KW: Aquatic hyphomycetes, litter breakdown, organic matter, riv er sediment, shredders. Council of Europe Conseil de l'Europe, 2010. Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natura l Habitats. Standing Committee, 30th meeting, Strasbourg, 610 December 2010. Complaint in stand-by. Threats to Vjetrenica cave (Bosnia and Herzegovina). Report by the NGO. Document prepared by: The Academy of Sciences and Arts of Bosnia and Herzegovina, 3 p. COURTIN (F.), STONE (W. B.), RISATTI (G.), GILBERT (K.) & VAN KRUININGEN (H. J.), 2010. Pathologic findings and liver elements in hibernati ng bats with white-nose syndrome. Veterinary Pathology OnlineFirst, published on 28 January 2010, 47(2):21 4-219. DOI: ABS: Two groups of vespertilionid bats were collected fr om affected hibernacula. In group 1 (n, 14; pathology and micro biology), the average body weights of all species were at the lower limit of published ranges. Twelve bats (86%) had mycotic growth in the epiderm is, hair follicles, and sebaceous glands. Geomyces destructans with its characteristic curved conidia, was observed microscopically, cultu red, and confirmed by polymerase chain reaction. Dermatitis and mural folliculitis was nil to mild. When focally coinfected with Gram-negative ba cteria, there was necrosis and pustules. Fat stores were little to ab undant in 12 bats (86%) and nil in 2. Thirteen bats (93%) had pulmonary con gestion and 7 (50%) had bone marrow granulocytosis. In group 2 (n, 24; liver elements), 3 bats (13%) had potentially toxic lead levels and 1 (4%), potentially toxic arsenic level. There was no evidence of major organ failure or consistent element toxicity. KW: Bat, fungus, Geomyces metals, minerals, Vespertilionidae, white-nose syndrome. CRESP (D.), BOVER (P.), GINARD (A.), VICENS (D.), VADELL (M.), BARCEL" (M. .) & GRCIA (F.), 2010. Les cavitats de la Serra de Na Burguesa. Zona 9: Son Boronat-L'hostalet (3a part) (Calvi, Mallorca) Endins 34:125-140.


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 21 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 CRN EVI n (M.), KARDUM (K. I.) & SUDAREVI n (N.), 2010. Conservation education of cave and subterranean biodiversity: Dubrovnik underground tales:80, poste r presentation. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August -3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961269-286-5. ABS: The example of field research, as a basis of a ctivity of natural history museums and of the management of protected natural areas, is used in order to create educational publi cations for children of preschool and school age on the subject of protecti on of karst phenomena and subterranean biodiversity of the Dubrovnik regi on. For this purpose the results of interdisciplinary workshops for chil dren were used to review their interests. The workshops consisted of lectures, movie screenings, use of speleological equipment, field w ork cave visiting, and finally, as the summary, a creative element, the li fe-size reconstruction of a cave addressing the aspects of subterranean fauna The workshop results pointed out themes of greater interest such as field research, use of speleological equipment and subterranean fauna. The idea is to adapt educational publications in accordance to the age g roup they are meant to appeal to. The publications will contain informatio n regarding karst phenomena, legislation, protected natural areas and subterranean biodiversity. Also, for each of the species the pub lications are to contain the data relating to their distribution, their biot ope, the threat to species as well as a visual depiction of them. Selected were t hose species that are described in the Red Data Books of the Republic of Croatia according to IUCN categories of threat, listed in legislation wi th a particular attention on the species significant to the Dubrovnik region. On the example of the story about explorers of the Dubrovnik caves, with the emphasis on the significance of the scientific research for the pur pose of conservation of subterranean biodiversity, the aim is to create edu cational publications that will be both, a guide for the youngest Dubrovn ik Natural History Museum visitors as well as a "Homework". CRYAN (P. M.), METEYER (C. U.), BOYLES (J. G.) & BLEHERT (D. S.), 2010. Wing pathology of white-nose syndrome in bats suggests life-threatening disrupti on of physiology. BMC Biology 8(November 11):135. DOI: ABS: White-nose syndrome (WNS) is causing unprecedented declines in several species of North American bats. The characteristic lesions of WNS are caused by the fungus Geomyces destructans which erodes and replaces the living skin of bats while they hibernate. It is unknown ho w this infection kills the bats. We review here the unique physiological i mportance of wings to hibernating bats in relation to the damage caused b y G. destructans and propose that mortality is caused by catastrophic di sruption of wingdependent physiological functions. Mechanisms of di sease associated with G. destructans seem specific to hibernating bats and are most analogous to disease caused by chytrid fungus in am phibians. CUART CASTELL (J.), 2010. Phylogeography and phylogenetics of Icelandic groundwater amphipods ba sed on the 16S rRNA gene. Faculty of Live and Environmental Sciences, University of Iceland, 101 Reykjavik, Ice land. ABS: Icelandic groundwater amphipods survived the g laciations in refugia forming new endemic species such as Crangonyx islandicus and Crymostygius thingvallensis However a strong evolutionary pressure has led to a morphological convergence that makes diffi cult a clear taxonomy classification within this group. The aim of this s tudy is twfold, firstly to assess the position of these species within the sup erfamily Crangonyctoidae,and secondly to assess and compare the phylogeography of of C. islandicus using different fragment sizes (420 and 1200 base paires) of the 16S rRNA gene. A taxonomy of the fam ily Crangonyctoidea using the 16S gene differs from the one based on morphology. A higher variation rate was found along the 1200 bps fragment due to a faster evolutionary rate, than in the smaller region. CUKROV (M.), MANCONI (R.), CUKROV (N.), JALI n (B.) & DESPALATOVI n (M.), 2010. Biodiversity in anchialine caves: First record of the tubeworm Ficopomatus enigmaticus (Annelida, Polychaeta):73, poster presentation. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August -3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961269-286-5. ABS: Ficopomatus enigmaticus (Fauvel, 1923) is a sedentary polychaete which has been found worldwide inhabiting coastal brackish waters, lagoons and estuaries of warm temp erate areas of both hemispheres. This tubeworm builds calcareous tubes on any hard substrate (Serpulidae) with distinctive collar-like rings at irregular intervals and is relatively easy to identify. It is an efficient suspensionfeeder, very tolerant and physiologically well adap ted to temperature and salinity variations, eutrophic conditions and low d issolved oxygen content. Here we report on the first record of F. enigmaticus in two anchihaline caves which are located along the Mesoz oic coastal carbonate rocks of the Mediterranean Sea, namely the Orljak c ave in the Krka River Estuary (Croatia, E-Adriatic) and the Bue Marino ca ve in the Gulf of Orosei (Sardinia, W-Tyrrhenian Sea). The Orljak cav e has an entrance ca. 50 m from the coast without direct connection with the Krka Estuary. The cave is 23 m deep and 90 m long with two pools. The Bue Marino cave with entrance above the sea level and direct connec tion with marine water has a well developed underground drainage. An almos t horizontal profile and several pools characterises the three branches of this karstic complex with a total length ca. 20 km. In Orljak cave salin ity ranges from 2 to 8 in winter, and from 7 to 13 during summer. Water tempe rature varies from 15 to 17C in summer and from 11 to 13C in winter. Salinity values in the Bue Marino range from 28.4-32.3 in summer to pu re freshwater during winter floods, and water temperatures at the surface were 19-20C in summer. F. enigmaticus inhabits, in both caves, totally dark zones on rocky walls or submerged parts of speleothemes, of surfaces water layers until 1 m depth. The density is low with solitarily growing individuals, contrasting the typical gregarious growth of the sp ecies. Environmental conditions confirm the well known extreme adaptabil ity of the species, also to live in the dark, and suggest its ability t o survive, although intermittently, in freshwater. R. M. was supported by the Italian Ministero dell'Ambiente e della Tutela del Territorio e del M are (MATTM), Ministero dell'Istruzione, Universit e Ricerca (MI UR), and the EU program INTERREG Sardinia-Corsica-Tuscany on Biodiv ersity. CULVER (D. C.), 2010. Foreword. Tom POULSON and Speleobiology A Reflection:vii-xii. DOI: In: TRAJANO (E.), BICHUETTE (M. E.) & KAPOOR (B. G.), Biology of Subterranean Fishes. Edited by TRAJANO (E.), BICHUETTE (M. E.) & KAPOOR (B. G.). ISBN: 978-1-57808-670-2. eBook ISBN: 978-1-4398-4048-1. Science Publishers 2010. 460 p. CULVER (D. C.) & PIPAN (T.), 2010. Climate, abiotic factors, and the evolution of subterranean life. Acta Carsologica 39(3):577-586. ABS: Climate, and more generally the physical conditions in caves and other subterranean habitats have a profound influence on the biota. At longer time sca le (centuries), climate change can force and/or isolate species in subterra nean habitats. Not only Pleistocene climate changes, but earlier ones as we ll, such as the Messinian salinity crisis were important in this re gard. While many speleobiologists assume that caves are nearly const ant environmentally and with scarce organic carbon, this is not the cas e, especially in noncave subterranean habitats. Many shallow subterrane an habitats, such as epikarst, seepage springs, and talus harbor highly modified organisms, ones without eyes and pigment and with elongated ap pendages. Yet these habitats are highly variable with respect to temper ature and other environmental factors, and often have high levels o f organic carbon. Overall, the role of these shallow subterranean hab itats in the evolution and biogeography of subterranean species may be cru cial. On smaller spatial scales, environmental differences, such as differences in chemistry of epikarst water, may be important in allowing lar ge numbers of species to coexist. CULVER (D. C.) & PIPAN (T.), 2010. Shallow subterranean habitats gateway to the subterranean realm:22. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August -3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961269-286-5. ABS: We define shallow subterranean habitats (SSHs) as aphotic environments within 10 m of the surface and with species limited


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 22 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 to subterranean environments. We review four such h abitats-shallow interstitial habitats, seeps (hypotelminorheic), ep ikarst, and milieu souterrain superficiel (MSS). For each habitat type we review information on environmental variability (especiall y detailed temporal temperature profiles), species composition, and gen eral aspects of morphology of stygobionts and troglobionts in the h abitat. The sites reviewed showed temperature variation throughout th e year although variation was less than that of surface sites. Many showed seasonal and daily variation as well. Epikarst drips were the le ast variable and seeps the most variable. Numbers of troglobiotic and styg obiotic species in SSHs ranged from seven in seeps near Washington, DC and MSS sites in southern France to 14 in epikarst drips in upanova jama in Slovenia. Most SSH sites also had species apparently speciali zed for these habitat types, as well as generalist species. An analysis o f the subterranean amphipod genus Stygobromus indicated that species f rom epikarst and seep sites showed no differences in the level of tr oglomorphy compared to cave species in the same lineages. These results suggest that the primary selective factor in the evolution of troglo morphy is darkness, not lack of food or seasonality. SSHs hold considerable promise as repositories of subterranean biodiversity and as ev olutionary laboratories for the study of adaptation. n UR I n (B. P. M.), DIMITRIJEVI n (R. N.), RA A (T.), n UR I n (N. B.) & MILIN I n (M.), 2010. Chthonius (Chthonius) onaei n. sp. (Chthoniidae, pseudoscorpiones), a new epigean species from Croatia. Archives of Biological Sciences 62(2):495-501. DOI: ABS: A new epigean pseudoscorpion, Chthonius (Chthonius) onaei n. sp. is erected from Podašpilje, nr. Omiš, Mt. Omiška Dinara, Dalmatia, Croatia. Its interrelations with two close congeners, Chthonius (C.) litoralis Hadi, 1933 and Chthonius (C.) dalmatinus Hadi, 1930 are briefly discussed. KW: Pseudoscorpions, Chthonius Chthonius onaei n. sp., Dalmatia, Croatia. n UR I n (B. P. M.), LEMAIRE (J.-M.), n UR I n (S. B.), DIMITRIJEVI n (R. N.), MILIN I n (M.) & PECELJ (J. M.), 2010. Two new epigean pseudoscorpions (Neobisiidae, Pseudoscorpiones) from the Maritime A lps, France. Archives of Biological Sciences 62(3):827-832. DOI: BL: Cf p. 832, "Remarks. The pseudoscorpions in France, both cave-dwelling and epigean, are scarcely known (Harvey, 1990). This is particularly due to the fact that they have been neglected during fauni stic studies, and that pseudoscorpionologists in France are diminishing in number in an exponential manner. Moreover, the names of a number of these arachnids are synonyms". n UR I n (B. P. M.), MAKAROV (S. E.), RA A (T.), n UR I n (S. B.), n UR I n (N. B.) & PECELJ (J. M.), 2010. On three new cave Pseudoscorpion species (Pseudoscorpiones, Neobisiidae) From Mt. Mosor, Dalmatia (Croatia). Archives of Biological Sciences 62(3):811-826. DOI: ABS: Most subterranean pseudoscorpions are concentrated in re gions with a Mediterranean climate. Although data on the abundan ce of pseudoscorpion species in the humid tropics are lac king, preliminary observations suggest that the number of species is greater in the Mediterranean area than in tropical rain forests. S peciation in pseudoscorpions has not been studied in great detai l. New taxa are constantly being described. Exact data on the diffe rent niche preferences which are a prerequisite for evolutionary studies a re available for only a few cases. The pseudoscorpions are not particularly suitable for genetic investigations due to their extended generation tim es. The cave-dwelling forms of the genus Neobisium L. Koch comprise many phyletic lines, some less specialized and others highly adapted to cave life. To trace their origin, biogeography and evolution, it is nec essary to compare the evidence about troglobitic species with that of the epigean forms from different European habitats, especially in the Medi terranean or Dinaric regions. To the south of the river Zrmanja, up to t he lower Neretva valley, a massive Holokarst region rises to a considerably height. Many summits attain between 1800 and 2000 m, and Mt. Dinara gave its name to both the Dinaric region and the Dinaric Karst. The karst of Mt. Mosor (and Mts. Kozjak and Biokovo), is quite different from t hat previously discussed. This is a zone of younger, intensively f olded mountains. Their karst, although young, appears to be deep and almos t fully developed. In this study, descriptions of Neobisium montdori n. sp., N. mosorensis n. sp., and N. dalmatinum Beier, 1939, all from caves on Mt. Mosor, Dalmatia (Croatia), have been presented, with some details on the comparative morphology of both sexes and tritonymph KW: Pseudoscorpiones, Neobisiidae, Neobisium montdori n. sp., N. mosorensis n. sp., and N. dalmatinum evolution, biogeography, biospeleology, development, Mt. Mosor, Dalmatia, Cr oatia. n UR I n (B. P. M.), RA A (T.), n UR I n (S. B.) & n UR I n (N. B.), 2010. On Roncus almissae n. sp., R. krupanjensis n. sp., and R. radji n. sp., three new pseudoscorpions (Pseudoscorpiones, Neobisiidae) fro m Croatia and Serbia, respectively. Archives of Biological Sciences 62(2):503-513. DOI: ABS: Three new species of the pseudoscorpion genus Roncus L. Koch (Neobisiidae) are described from Croatia (from nr. Omiš, Dalmatia: R. almissae n. sp.) and Serbia (near the town of Krupanj, north-western Ser bia, Luki a Pe ina Cave and nr. Izvor: R. krupanjensis n. sp., and R. radji n. sp.), and their diagnostic characteristics are illustrated. Their i nterrelations with phenetically close congeners are analyzed; in addit ion, the presence/absence of microsetae proximal to the tric hobothria eb and esb is established as an important taxonomic characteri stic. KW: Pseudoscorpiones, Neobisiidae, Roncus almissae Roncus krupanjensis Roncus radji Dalmatia, Serbia. DANKO (Š.), KRIŠTN (A.) & KRIŠTOFK (J.), 2010. Myotis alcathoe in eastern Slovakia: occurrence, diet, ectoparasites and notes on its identification in th e field. Vespertilio 13/14:77-91. D'ANTONI-NOBCOURT (J.-C.), 2010. Le coin des livres. Le "Progetto Powerpoint" de la Societ Speleologica Italiana. Spelunca 119(Septembre, 3e trimestre):52-53. DATRY (T.), LAFONT (M.) & LARNED (S. T.), 2010. Hyporheic annelid distribution along a flow permane nce gradient in an alluvial river. Aquatic Sciences Research Across Boundaries 72(3, June):335-346. DOI: ABS: In this study, we examined hyporheic annelid assemblages al ong a gradient of flow permanence (FP) and compared assemblages in ga ining (groundwater-fed) and losing (runoff-fed) sections of the alluvial Selwyn River, New Zealand. To reduce the effects of poor t axonomic resolution, we used a dataset with most taxa identified to the genus or species level. We predicted that annelid assemblages would vary in structure and composition along FP gradients due to differences i n desiccation resistance between taxa. We also predicted that gro undwater-fed (gaining) and runoff-fed (losing) river sections wo uld be inhabitated by dissimilar annelid assemblages due to differences i n river-aquifer connections and recolonization sources. We found a negative relationship between taxon richness and FP, indicating that, on average, two annelid taxa are lost from hyporheic assemblages in the Sel wyn River with every 10% decrease in FP. Low FP appears to favour anneli d taxa that tolerate moist or dry conditions in sediments, as shown by a negative relationship between FP and the proportion of desiccation-tolera nt taxa. A high proportion of hypogean taxa distinguished the groun dwater-fed and perennial-gaining reach from the other reaches. In spite of the large differences in physical structure between the inter mittent-gaining and the ephemeral-losing reach, we found few between-reach differences in annelid assemblages and, in particular, no differen ces in % hypogean taxa. These varied results illustrate the need to e mploy both categorical and continuous variables in ecological analyses: th e combined categorical and gradient approach used in the present study is likely to explain more variability than either univariate approach alone. KW: Oligochaetes, Interstitial sediments, Drying, SW-GW exchanges, Lo ngitudinal patterns, Temporary river. DVALOS (L. M.) & RUSSELL (A.), 2010. Complementarity in extinction drivers among Caribbe an endemic bats:120. In: 15th International Bat Research Conference, Prague, 22-27 August 2010, the conferen ce manual: Programme, abstracts, list of participants, edited by: Ivan HOR EK and Petr BENDA, ISBN 978-8087154-46-5, 380 p. ABS: Identifying drivers of extinction in natural


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 23 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 populations has become critical in the face of wide spread anthropogenic modifications of climate, landscapes, and availabil ity of intact habitat. Understanding the mechanisms underlying extinction in the wild is complicated because external drivers such as habi tat loss or hunting pressure and intrinsic traits such as dispersal abilities and body size and their interactions contribute to the eventual d emise of a population. Most bat extinctions in the West Indies have been a ttributed to habitat loss caused by natural climate change or anthropoge nic deforestation, but the role of intrinsic traits in the extinction of s ome species remains obscure. We analyzed regional patterns of extinctio n using two complementary approaches, island biogeography and p hylogenetic generalized estimating equations, to investigate th e relative contribution of extrinsic and intrinsic extinction drivers in th is fauna. Glacial and postglacial changes in surface area and distances betwe en landmasses can explain up to 96% of the variation in extinction be tween islands, demonstrating the power of this null model to expla in the number of species lost across communities. This island-based method cannot help identify vulnerable species, or traits that make po pulations more susceptible to extinction. Phylogeny-based analyses of the relationship between extinction and species traits suggests obli gate hot cave dwellers and wide-ranging species were more vulnerable to ex tinction during the Pleistocene glaciations. These complementary approa ches provide a framework for understanding the role of extrinsic a nd intrinsic drivers and their interaction in driving Holocene and Anthr opocene extinctions. DE ARMAS (L. F.), 2010. Schizomida de Sudamrica (Chelicerata: Arachnida). Boletn de la Sociedad Entomolgica Aragonesa 46(1er semestre):203-234. RES: Se realiza un inventario de los esquizmidos de Sudam rica, citando una sola especie troglobia de Ecuador: Tayos ashmolei Teddell & Cokendolpher, 1984. DE ARMAS (L. F.), 2010. Nuevos arcnidos de Puerto Rico (Arachnida: Amblypygi, Araneae, Opiliones, Parasitiformes, Schizomida, Scorpiones). Boletn de la Sociedad Entomolgica Aragonesa 47(2e semestre):55-64. RES: Se registran taxones de Puerto Rico, describie ndo varias nuevas especies de cuevas de este pas sudamericano. DEHARVENG (L.), TIAN (M.), LI (Y.) & BEDOS (A.), 2010. Invertebrate biodiversity of the Guangxi caves (southern China):131. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August -3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961269-286-5. ABS: Fast progress in the knowledge of Southern Chi na cave biodiversity occurred during the last two deca des, and accelerated since 2005. Recent efforts focused on the caves of Guangxi. The present paper lists all troglobitic invertebrates, describe d or undescribed species, that were recorded and collected so far in this pro vince. To the impressive radiations of cave fish and cave beetles already do cumented, we can now add the radiation of cave Sinella among springtails and that of several families of millipedes. Several of the taxa encount ered, including several of the most diversified ones, have no close relativ es outside caves in the region, and can be qualified of relicts. Distributi on patterns of the most remarkable groups of Guangxi troglobites are given and discussed. Geographical, ecological and taxonomical gaps in ou r knowledge are emphasized and future prospects are outlined. DELANGE (Y.), 2010. Il y a 200 ans naissait Charles DARWIN et paraissait la Philosophie zoologique de LAMARCK. Les Amis du Musum national d'Histoire naturelle 241(Mars):4-9. DELIRY (C.), 2010. Ptridophytes de la rgion Rhne-Alpes & Dauphin. Histoires Naturelles 11. BL: Cf Adiantum capillus-veneris (Capillaire de Montpellier), fentes humides et gro ttes sur terrain calcaire ou siliceux, fosss d'irrigation; Polypodium cambricum (Polypode austral syn.: Polypodium australe ), rochers et murs ombrags, grottes; Polypodium interjectum (Polypode intermdiaire parents ancestraux Polypodium cambricum et Polypodium vulgare ), murs et rochers, grottes. DELIRY (C.), 2010. lments de biodiversit dans la rgion Rhne-Alpes & Dauphin. Histoires Naturelles 12. Fvrier 2010 (1) Deuxime dition Fvrier 2010 (2) / Troi sime dition XXX. DELLUC (B.) & DELLUC (G.), 2010. Les dcouvertes d'art parital en Dordogne depuis un demi-sicle (1947-20 00). Spelunca Mmoires 34(2009):33-64. BL: Cf p. 35, grotte de Rouffignac (ou grotte de Miremont) Henri BREUIL la parcourt sur 400 mtres environ, durant une ou deux heures, le 4 Ao t 1915, le nez au sol, la recherche d'un Trechus cavernicole, "spcial cette caverne et depuis longtemps connu", avec l'entomologiste Charles ALLU AUD. DeLONG (L.), 2010. El Malpais National Monument to Close Caves. El Malpais News Release. National Park Service U. S. Department of the Interior, 2 p. DELTSHEV (C. C.), VRENOSI (B.), BLAGOEV (G. A.) & LAZAROV (S.), 2010. A faunistic and zoogeographical review of spiders in Albania (Arach nida: Araneae):112. In: 18th International Congress of Arachnology, University of Podlasie & International Society of Arachnology, Siedlce, Poland, 11-17 July 2010, Book of Abstracts, editor: Marek 9 ABKA, ISBN: 978-837051-575-1, 507 p. ABS: The spider fauna of Albania is represented by 168 species from 34 families. In this number, 54 species are new announced for the country. This number was establis hed after a critical review of the existing literature data and original collection made in last 15 years during the field survey covering mostly th e coastal parts, caves and some mountain areas. This number of species is not final, because the territory of Albania is poorly explored. According to their current distribution, the Albanian species can be classifie d in 17 zoogeographical categories, grouped into 4 complexes: widely distri buted, European, Balkan endemics and Mediterranean. Widely distribut ed species are dominants (61 species), but the most characteristic are Balkan endemics (30 species). The number of endemics is really high and reflects the local character of the fauna. DENITTO (F.), PASTORE (M.) & BELMONTE (G.), 2010. Occurrence of the Guinean species Herbstia nitida Manning & Holthuis, 1981 (Decapoda, Brachyura) in a Mediterranean submarine cave and a comparison with the congeneric H. condyliata (Fabricius, 1787). Crustaceana 83(8):1017-1024. DOI: DHORA (D.), 2010. Regjistr i Specieve t Fauns s Shqipris 2010 [ Register of Species of the Fauna of Albania 2010 ]. Botimet, Shkodr: Camaj-Pipa. ISBN: 97899956-02-07-3, Copyright: Dhimitr DHORA, 207 p. DIEULEVEUT (T.), LIERON (V.) & HINGRAT (Y.), 2010. Nouvelles donnes sur la rpartition des Chiroptr es dans le Maroc oriental (annes 2007 2009) [New da ta on the distribution of Bats in eastern Morocco (years 2007 to 2009)]. Bulletin de l'Institut scientifique section Sciences de la Vie, 32(1, Juillet):33-40. RS: De nouvelles donnes pour 19 espces de chauves-souris rencontres au cours d e prospections intensives ralises dans l'est du Maroc entre 2007 et 2009 sont prsentes. Ces espces sont Rhinopoma microphyllum Rhinopoma cystops Rhinolophus ferrumequinum Rhinolophus hipposideros Rhinolophus mehelyi Rhinolophus blasii Asellia tridens Myotis punicus Myotis nattereri Myotis emarginatus Eptesicus isabellinus Hypsugo savii Pipistrellus pipistrellus Pipistrellus kuhlii Pipistrellus rueppellii Otonycteris hemprichii Plecotus gaisleri Miniopterus schreibersii Tadarida teniotis Certaines d'entre elles ( Rhinopoma microphyllum Rhinolophus blasii Myotis nattereri Myotis emarginatus Pipistrellus rueppellii Otonycteris hemprichii et Tadarida teniotis ) n'avaient que rarement t contactes prcdemment et nos prospec tions apportent ainsi des informations indites sur leur statut et leur r partition. MC: Chiroptres, rpartition, Maroc. ABS: New records o f 19 bat species from eastern Morocco are presented, including Rhinopoma microphyllum Rhinopoma cystops Rhinolophus ferrumequinum Rhinolophus hipposideros Rhinolophus mehelyi Rhinolophus blasii Asellia tridens Myotis punicus Myotis nattereri Myotis emarginatus Eptesicus isabellinus Hypsugo savii Pipistrellus pipistrellus Pipistrellus kuhlii Pipistrellus rueppellii Otonycteris hemprichii Plecotus gaisleri Miniopterus schreibersii Tadarida teniotis All data have been collected between 2007 and 2009. Some of them relate to speci es until now rarely


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 24 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 detected in Morocco previously, Rhinopoma microphyllum Rhinolophus blasii Myotis nattereri Myotis emarginatus Pipistrellus rueppellii Otonycteris hemprichii and Tadarida teniotis and new data are provided on their status and distribution. KW: Bats, distrib ution, Morocco. DITTMAR (K.) & MAYBERRY (J. R.), 2010. Bat activity in large roosts drives diurnal cave microclimate va riation. Speleobiology Notes 2:12-14. KW: Bats, biological activity, cave microclimate, diurnal temperature variation. OTES/inde x.php/Speleo/article/view/23 DIXON (G.), 2010. Biodiversity of Cave-Obligate Animals on the Domain of the University of the South, Franklin County, Tennessee. A thesis submitted to the faculty of the University of the South in partial fulfillment of t he requirements for honors in the Department of Biolog y, May 5th, 2010. ABS: The southern Cumberland Plateau in Tennessee and Alabama has the greatest diversity of cave obli gate animals in the United States. The 13000 acre campus (referred to a s the "Domain") of Sewanee: The University of the South is located on the southern Cumberland Plateau in Franklin County, Tennessee. T here are more than 70 caves on the Domain, which, combined, have more than 15 km of horizontal passageway. We examined the biodiversity of cave animals on the Domain at the species level and at the genetic level. Through a survey of the seven largest horizontal caves on the Domain we identified 21 cave-obligate species, including two new county rec ords. This accounts for nearly half of the species reported for Frankli n County. For our genetic analysis, we selected five diverse taxa (a millipede, a beetle, a fly, an aquatic isopod, and a spider) that were collecte d from multiple caves, and compared their mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase I gene sequences. Across the five taxa we found: (1) low genetic dive rsity within caves (mean nucleotide diversity within caves across all taxa: 0.25%), (2) high genetic divergence between caves (divergence betwee n caves within taxa ranged from 2.5%-10.9%, with two exceptions), and ( 3) little evidence for gene flow between caves (FST between caves with in taxa >0.57, with one exception). Thus, the Domain supports tremendou s species diversity, and an even more remarkable level of genetic divers ity within those species across caves on a very small scale (no cave s used in the genetic comparisons were >3 km apart). Our observation of h igh genetic divergence between caves on a small scale highlight s the importance of cave conservation on a regional scale. DIXON (J. W.), 2010. Mammalia, Chiroptera, Vespertilionidae: Filling hibernacula distribution gaps for cave roosting bats from Iowa (U. S. A.). Check List 6(4):511-514. ABS: Adequate roost sites for hibernacula are an important factor in the distribution and abundance of temperate bat species and knowledge of specific hibernacula is ne cessary to make sound management decisions. Caves are recognized as one of the most important roosting sites for bats, yet surveys in c aves are uncommon in North America. This paper presents data on the dist ribution and abundance of bats hibernating in Iowa (U. S. A.) ca ves and includes new hibernacula records. These are the first published records of bats in Iowa caves in almost 25 years. DOCAMPO (S.) & TRIGO (M. M.), 2010. Anthropic activity and its influence on a natural cavity: eff ects of fungal spore levels in the air of the Cave of Nerja Coalition 20(July):2-7. DODELIN (C.), 2010. Compte rendu de captures effectues la Grotte de la Doria. La Feuille Dessous 24(Janvier):9-12. DODELIN (C.), 2010. Malagasy 2010. Expdition splologique dans les Tsingy de Namoroka Madagas car. Journalier. Introduction. 2 p. DODELIN (C.), 2010. Grotte de l'Arclusaz n 3. Massif de l'Arclusaz. Commune de Saint-Pierre-d'Albigny. 3 p. DODELIN (C.), 2010. Splologie dans le Gard et le sud Ardche, du 4 au 8 avril 2010. 8 p. DODELIN (C.) & DODELIN (D.), 2010. Sjour splologique en Belgique, du 15 au 19 janvier 2010 9 p. DOLE-OLIVIER (M.-J.) & MALARD (F.), 2010. Faune stygobie: mergence d'un monde inconnu [Cave faunas : the emergence of an unknown world]. Bulletin mensuel de la Socit linnenne de Lyon hors-srie n 2:? RS: Souvent hors de porte et invisible, la vie dans les eaux s outerraines est reste trs longtemps secrte ou anecdotique. La faune stygobie caractrise par une vie exclusive dans les eaux souterraines, est cepen dant bien dveloppe. En rgion Rhne-Alpes elle est reprsente par plus de 130 espces appartenant en majorit au groupe des Mollusques et surtout des Crustacs. Environ 78% de la connaissance rgionale actuelle est postrieure 1960 et des recherches rcentes montr ent que la biodiversit rgionale est largement sous estime. Les connaissa nces en termes d'occurrence et d'abondance des espces restent tr s partielles en raison d'une sous exploration de certains types d'aquifre s (poreux et fissurs) et de certaines aires gographiques. La faune stygobie n'a t prise en compte dans les inventaires d'espces patrimoniales ou protger que de manire trs marginale, bien que de nombreuses form es soient rares, endmiques, ou vulnrables. ABS: Often out of reach and invisible, the life in subterranean waters remained for a long tim e secret or anecdotal. The stygobic fauna characterized by an exclusive li fe in subterranean waters is however well developed. Rhone-Alpes has a round 130 species, mostly molluscs and crustaceans. Approximately 78% of the current regional knowledge is post-1960 and recent research es show that the regional biodiversity is widely under-estimated. Th e knowledge in terms of occurrence and abundance of the species remain v ery partial because of an under exploration of certain types of aquifer s (porous and fissured) and of many geographical areas. The stygobic fauna was only taken into account in the inventories of patrimonial species t o protect it in a very marginal way, although numerous forms are rare, end emic, or vulnerable. ique=41 DOMNGUEZ (M.), SANZ (A.), CHVEZ (J.) & ALMAGUER (N.), 2010. Cyclical Reproduction in Females of the Cuban Lizard Anolis lucius (Polychrotidae). Herpetologica 66(4, December):443-450. DOI: ABS: We describe the gonadal and fat-body cycles and their relations hip to environmental factors for Cuban female Anolis lucius (Polychrotidae). We obtained monthly samples of lizards from the karstic caves a t Boca de Jaruco, Havana, Cuba. The lizards reached sexual maturity a t 45.0 mm snoutvent length and at approximately 7 mo of age. Femal e A. lucius showed seasonal reproduction from March to August. The non reproductive season occurred from September to February, as iden tified by the absence of active ovogenesis. Vitellogenic ovaries, and alm ost all females having one or two oviductal eggs, characterized the peak r eproductive interval from May to August. In contrast, fat-body mass dimi nished from May to July and reached its highest values from September to January. The clutch size is one egg per oviposition, and oviposi tion events occurred from July to September. Increased photoperiod and e nvironmental temperature induced ovarian activity. RES: Los cicl os gonadal y de los cuerpos grasos, y su relacin con factores ambienta les son descritos para las hembras del lagarto cubano Anolis lucius (Polychrotidae). Mensualmente algunos lagartos fueron capturados en las cuevas crsicas de Boca de Jaruco, La Habana, Cuba. La madurez sexu al fue alcanzada con 45 mm de longitud hocico-cloaca y aproximadamen te a los 7 meses. El ciclo reproductivo es estacional y la reproducci n ocurri desde marzo a agosto. La estacin no reproductiva identificada por ausencia de actividad gonadal, ocurri desde septiembre a febre ro. La mxima actividad reproductiva fue observada desde mayo a j ulio, todas las hembras presentaron ovarios vitelognicos y en su m ayora uno o dos huevos oviducales. En contraste, los cuerpos grasos disminuyeron desde mayo a julio y alcanzaron sus mximos valores desde septiembre a enero. Las puestas son de un huevo por cada vez desde el m es de julio a septiembre. Incrementos del fotoperodo y de la tem peratura ambiental indujeron la actividad ovrica. KW: Anolis Cuba, Fat body, Ovary, Reproductive cycle. DOUADY (C. J.), MALARD (F.), KONECNY (L.), MORVAN (C.), COLSON-PROCH (C.) & CALVIGNAC (S.), 2010. A new phylogenetic framework to decipher evolutionary processes involved in groundwater:164. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August -3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961269-286-5. ABS: The hidden and unexpectedly high diversity of living forms in groundwater is only beginning to emerge, f ollowing more than a


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 25 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 century and a half of collection and identification of stygobionts (i. e. obligate groundwater species). Botosaneanu (1986) r eported over 7000 obligate groundwater species worldwide, a number wh ich is now an underestimate because new species are continuously being described and many await description. Although species inventorie s are far from being complete, biodiversity patterns emerged because of continued efforts in cataloging and mapping diversity at global, contine ntal and regional scales. On the other hand process involved in groun dwater colonization, adaptation and diversification have remained elusiv e to study. This is the direct consequence of two key factors. First, patte rn-based approaches always suffer from the difficulty to link patterns to processes. Indeed, no single mechanism needs to explain a given pattern. Second, sampling constraints, organism rarity and fragility, and mor phological convergence that plague taxonomic assignment are only few of th e difficulties that groundwater biologists have to face. Thus, it comes as no surprise that subterranean biogeography has essentially developed on assumptions that still require more formal testing. As a first step toward process investigation we have developed within the framewor k of the DEEP research program a large phylogeny of the Aselloide a super-family with a special emphasis on one of the most diverse stygobi ont genera: the genus Proasellus Our phylogenetic inferences is based on three gen es (two mitochondrial plus a nuclear one), includes 173 pop ulations for about 90 species and subspecies. Taxonomic affinities betwee n and within taxa as well as subsequent investigations are discussed. DOUANGBOUBPHA (B.), BUMRUNGSRI (S.), SOISOOK (P.), MURRAY (S. W.), PUECHMAILLE (S. J.), SATASOOK (C.), BU (S. S. H.), HARRISON (D. L.) & BATES (P. J. J.), 2010. A Taxonomic Review of Hipposideros halophyllus with Additional Information on H. ater and H. cineraceus (Chiroptera: Hipposideridae) from Thailand and Myanmar. Acta Chiropterologica 12(1, June):29-50. DOI: ABS: Based on recent field surveys in Thailand, Myanmar, and n orthern peninsular Malaysia, this paper reviews the taxonomy, morphome tric and acoustic characters, distribution and ecology of the little known, globally endangered species Hipposideros halophyllus It lists nine new localities records, including the first from northern and peni nsular Thailand, which represent a substantial increase in the species' kn own range; it confirms the record from northern peninsular Malaysia. In ad dition, it provides further information on two other small species of t he Hipposideros bicolor group, H. ater and H. cineraceus KW: Hipposideros halophyllus H. ater H. cineraceus distribution, ecology, echolocation, baculum, Southeast Asia. DOUANGBOUBPHA (B.), BUMRUNGSRI (S.), SOISOOK (P.), SATASOOK (C.), THOMAS (N. M.) & BATES (P. J. J.), 2010. A Taxonomic Review of the Hipposideros bicolor Species Complex and H. pomona (Chiroptera: Hipposideridae) in Thailand. Acta Chiropterologica 12(2, December):415-438. DOI: ABS: Following extensive field work in Thailand (2006-20 08), this paper reviews the taxonomic status of the three species o f the Hipposideros bicolor group. Based on morphometric characters and acoust ic data, the two phonic types, H. bicolor (131 kHz) and H. bicolor (142 kHz) are treated as distinct species. Hipposideros bicolor (131 kHz) is designated as H. bicolor ; H. bicolor (142 kHz) is provisionally designated as H. atrox The morphometric characters, acoustic data, and g eographical distribution of H. pomona are also reviewed. The diagnostic characters of these frequently confused taxa are discussed, with a detailed study of the external, cranio-dental, and bacular morphology, an d acoustic features. New data on the conservation status, distribution a nd ecology of these three species are included. KW: Hipposideros bicolor group, H. atrox H. pomona taxonomy, distribution, Thailand. DRAGU (A.), ABASCAL (F.), BORISSOV (I.) & ZARDOYA (R.), 2010. Low genetic diversity in the last surviving population of Rhinolophus mehelyi from Romania:123-124. In: 15th International Bat Research Conference, Prague, 22-27 August 2010, the conferen ce manual: Programme, abstracts, list of participants, edited by: Ivan HOR EK and Petr BENDA, ISBN 978-8087154-46-5, 380 p. ABS: Mehely's horseshoe bat Rhinolophus mehelyi is a vulnerable species with an increasingly fragm ented distribution. The species is rare and poorly known but appears to be declining across its entire range. In Romania R. mehelyi is critically threatened and prone to extinction. The remnant pop ulation forms maternity and hibernation colonies in a single loca tion (Limanu Cave) situated in southern Dobrogea. Following dramatic d eclines in the past fifty years, the current population size is estimat ed at only 100 adult individuals. In the present study we examined the c onsequences of population decline and limited dispersal on populat ion genetic structure and variation. We compared patterns of genetic dive rsity of the Romanian population with that of two Bulgarian populations, using mitochondrial D-loop DNA sequences. The alignment of 40 R. mehelyi sequences resulted in 10 distinct haplotypes with a total num ber of 9 polymorphic sites, of wich 5 were parsimony informative charact ers. The most abundant haplotype (RHm3) was the only lineage foun d in all sampled colonies. A single haplotype was found in the Roman ian population compared to 10 in Bulgaria, suggesting genetic isol ation. This study confirms for the first time the low genetic diversi ty of this species in Romania, a serious threat to the survival of this s pecies in this part of its geographical range. DRAVEC (L.), KOSTELI n (B.) & MANDI n (A.), 2010. Protection of speleological objects in the region o f Istria through the European Union projects:80-81. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICS B 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: In order to protect sources of potable water, prevent their pol lution, and reduce the harmful anthropogenic impact on karst relief in gen eral, the Region of Istria began planning on a project which would with the financial assistance of EU funds assure better and safer mana gement of the speleological facilities and environment in general Most of the territory of Istria is situated on limestone rocks. Most of s peleological objects represent the direct connection between surface and underground water flows so their protection presents logical and very important activity for the entire community. The project "Underground Istr ia" is one of the most successful projects financed by the European U nion which had its main objective in improvement of the speleological facilities status and their protection. Within the project 9 speleologica l objects were cleaned and sanitized, the database of speleological object s was created, together with numerous workshops and lectures for the local population and high school students in order to introduce the community especially young people with the importance of caves and pits as kar st phenomena in the Istria. Considering that sustainability of karst is possible only by conduction of continuous scientific research and mo nitoring of their status Region of Istria applied a new "karst Underg round Protection" project on the cross-border cooperation call Sloven ia-Croatia 2007-2013 as logical continuation of previously mentioned "Un derground Istria". Numerous new activities are planned within the two years of duration of KUP project and one of them are subterranean biolog y researches and the education of speleologists about the possible more scientific approach to the caving. Project will assure better cooperation and common operating of Croatian and Slovenian regional and state instit utions involved in environment protection together with recognition of areas of natural landscape and the geographical particularities of t he karst relief in Istrian peninsula. Many other activities with an objective of preventing further pollution of karstic aquifer are also proposed and should be implemented during KUP project. Complete inventory and proposed way of managing the speleological objects within the project area s hould assure their sustainability and reconstruction of an old abandon ed school building in the village of Vodice in municipality of Laniš e and its conversion into so called "Speleo house" should provide the further de velopment of the caving in Istria. DRESCHER (N.), LOOS (J.), LEVANONY (T.), DAYAN (T.), SCHULDT (A.), SCHFER (K.) & ASSMANN (T.), 2010. Unexpected rich terrestrial subterranean fauna in Israel: first results from the inventory of 13 c aves:131132. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: Israel's north is comparatively rich in karst formations but preliminary results of


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 26 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 several authors indicate a poor terrestrial subterr anean invertebrate fauna. A first detailed inventory of the terrestrial subte rranean arthropod fauna from 13 caves ranging from Upper Galilee to the Jud ean Foothills revealed numerous species with clear troglomorphic features (e. g. prolonged extremities, reduced pigmentation and eye s). The troglomorphic species belong to 9 families of 7 ord ers. Of these, at least four species were represented exclusively in a sing le cave. Troglobites appeared among the orders Araneida, Pseudoscorpioni da, Isopoda (Oniscidea), Coleoptera, Homoptera, Hymenoptera (Fo rmicidae) and Chilopoda. The records of blind and depigmented rep resentatives of Homoptera, typically found in tropical regions, and microphthalmic ants with distinct adaptations to a subterranean life ar e perhaps the most spectacular ones. Several (if not most) of the disc overed species with troglomorphic features seem to be new to science. T he terrestrial cave fauna of Israel cannot be classified as poor in tax a any longer. This reclassification as a highly diverse fauna is also supported by records from the superficial underground compartment. In th e light of these new results we discuss biogeographic aspects of the sou thern boundary of troglomorphic species in the Western Palaearctic an d suggest the development of conservation action plans for the pr otection of this highly adapted and so far overlooked subterranean fauna in Israel. DREYBRODT (J.) & LAUMANNS (M.), 2010. The Unknown North of Laos. Part 3 2009-2010: Karst an d Caves of the Provinces Houaphan and Oudomxay. Berliner Hhlenkundliche Berichte 38. 132 p., colour photo tables, many maps and surveys. Voir: STEINER (H.), Chapter 6: Biospeleological observations:64-? ABS: Presents the results of the 2009-2010 international expeditions to northern Laos. 28.3 km of cave passage from 39 caves. Includ es the new longest cave of northern Laos (Tham Chom Ong System), which is also the 2nd longest cave of Laos and the currently 9th longest cave of SE Asia. Has chapters on physico-chemical water analysis, speleo them dating as well as biospeleology. In English language with a German and French abstract. Before the publication of Dreybrodt & Lau manns (2005a), which summarises the exploration done between 2000 and 2005, northern Laos was virtually unknown to speleology. Only a fe w reconnaissance projects were conducted prior to 2000 in the provin ce of Luang Phrabang. The afore-mentioned publication provided informatio n on 24.3 km of cave passages from 68 caves. In the framework of th e "Northern LaoEuropean Cave Project" ( the investigations were continued in 2006 in Vieng Phouka (Luang Nam T ha province), and in 2007 and 2008 mainly in Vieng Xai (Houaphan prov ince) (Dreybrodt & Laumanns 2008). This publication reports on the f indings of the years 2009 and 2010, including a biospeleological chapter a chapter on physico-chemical water analysis and the speleogenes is of the Tham Chom Ong System as well as a chapter on palaeoclima tic research. It comprises descriptions of 39 caves with 28,3 km of new passages. Overall, 80 km of cave passage from 176 caves has b een surveyed and published to date in northern Laos (excluding Vang Vieng and Kasi). y DRIESSEN (M. M.), 2010. Enhancing conservation of the Tasmanian glow-worm, Arachnocampa tasmaniensis Ferguson (Diptera: Keroplatidae) by monitoring seas onal changes in light displays and life stages. Journal of Insect Conservation 14(1, Fvrier):65-75. DOI: ABS: The light displays by the Tasmanian Glow-worm, Arachnocampa tasmaniensis Ferguson (Diptera: Keroplatidae), in Exit and Myste ry Creek caves in southeast Tasmania, Australia have been recognised as a world heritage value under the criterion relating to outstanding n atural phenomena. To conserve and manage these populations, particularly in response to potential tourism development, a better understandi ng of their ecology is needed. Aspects of the life cycle of A. tasmaniensis were monitored over 24 months. A strong seasonal pattern was found, wit h pupae and adults most common in spring and summer. The increase in n umbers of pupae and adults coincided with an increase in the number of prey caught in silk threads produced by the larvae. Larvae were present throughout the year but the number glowing varied both seasonally and s patially. In Mystery Creek Cave, the number of larvae glowing was genera lly highest during summer and autumn and lowest in winter and early sp ring. In Exit Cave, there was no consistent seasonal pattern in the num ber of larvae glowing among sites, and overall there was less variation b etween monthly counts than at Mystery Creek Cave. This difference in seas onal patterns between the two caves may be due to a difference in climate with Mystery Creek Cave possibly experiencing a greater drying out of the cave air in winter than Exit Cave. KW: Tourism, Cave fauna, Cave clima te, Food availability, Australia, Speleology. DRIESSENS (T.) & SIEMERS (B. M.), 2010. Cavedwelling bats do not avoid TMT and 2-PT component s of predator odour that induce fear in other small mamm als. Journal of Experimental Biology 213(14, July 15):24532460. DOI: SUM: Recognition and avoidance of predators is fundament al for the survival of prey animals. Here we conducted the first study ass essing chemosensory predator recognition in cave-dwelling bats. We used a Y-maze approach to test the reaction of greater mouse-eared bats ( Myotis myotis ) to two synthetically derived components of predator odour (2,4,5-trimethyl-3thiazoline, TMT, a component of fox faeces scent; a nd 2-propylthietane, 2-PT, a component of mustelid scent) and to the nat ural scent of the least weasel ( Mustela nivalis ). It is well documented that rodents and several other small mammals show strong and at least partly innate fear reactions when confronted with these odorants. By contrast, t he bats did not show any avoidance or fear reaction, despite the fact th at relatively high odorant concentrations were presented. Furthermore, they did not react differently towards predator scent and towards acri d but otherwise neutral odours (basil or goat). The number of entries into in the Y-maze arm with the odour source and the time spent in this arm as well as the bats' overall exploratory activity and several other behavioural variables were not affected by the odour treatments. Generally, the se nse of smell is well developed in bats and plays an important role in ba t behavioural ecology. It is thus somewhat surprising that the bats did no t show any avoidance reaction to predator scent, even though direct cont act with a mustelid or fox would result in death. We discuss ecological ex planations that might have prevented bats from evolving olfactory predato ry recognition and avoidance. KW: Predator recognition, olfaction, sce nt, TMT, 2-PT, least weasel, bats. DROUIN (P.), 2010. Le coin des livres. Analyse de l'ouvrage: Voyage splologique par Pierre STRINATI et Villy AELLEN, Supplment n 18 Stalactite Publication de la Socit suisse de Splologie, 2009, 88 p. Spelunca 117(Mars, 1er trimestre):59. DROUIN (P.), 2010. Lot. Analyse de l'ouvrage: L'Ouysse. Du bassin de Thmines Belcastel. Publication de l'Association Racines, 2007, 182 p. Spelunca 119(Septembre, 3e trimestre):8. DUARTE (R. H.), 2010. Colees de aranhas, redes cientficas e poltica: a teia da vida de Cndido d e MELLO LEITO (1886-1948). Boletim do Museu Paraense Emlio Goeldi, Cincias Humanas, 5(2, Maio/Ago.):417-434. DOI: pid=S198181222010000200013&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt DUMNICKA (E.), 2010. Stygobiotic oligochaetes in Poland with remarks on their occurence and distribution in Central Europe:74. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August -3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961269-286-5. ABS: Despite that oligochaetes are very common in subterranean waters and usually form significant pa rt of the benthic community in this habitat, knowledge concerning the ir diversity, ecological requirements as well as the distribution is only fragmentary. The stygobiotic and stygophilic species from the fa milies Lumbriculidae, Naididae (former family Tubificidae) and Enchytraei dae were found in subterranean waters of Central Europe. Lumbriculida e are represented by genus Trichodrilus ; particular species were found in various kind of subterranean waters, including the springs. From th e family Naididae only a small number of species is known. They belon g to subfamilies such as Tubificinae, Rhyacodrilinae and Phallodrili nae, which has origin in a different aquatic environment. Family Enchytra eidae (mainly genera Cernosvitoviella and Enchytraeus ) seems to be the most common in subterranean waters of Central Europe, but enchytra eids of this


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 27 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 environment were studied almost exclusively in Hung ary and Poland. The number of stygobionts or even the existence of such species among enchytraeids is not known because some of the speci es described from cave waters have wider distribution and the others are similar to surface species (aquatic or terrestrial). The diversity of stygobiotic oligochaete species is higher in karst areas than in regions of other geology due to the concentration of biospeleological studies in karst localities. Some of stygobionts have wide distribution, e. g. Trichodrilus cernosvitovi known from Westand Central Europe, the others are found in a few localities or even seem to be endemic for one karst region. In Ce ntral Europe the knowledge concerning stygobiotic species diversity and distribution is highly insufficient and more studies in subterranea n aquatic environment are needed. DURN (J. J.) & CARRASCO (F.), 2010. Cuevas: Patrimonio, Naturaleza, Cultura y Turismo, Madrid, Asociacin de Cuevas Tursticas Espaolas, DURN (J J.) & CARRASCO (F.), Eds. Voir: HERMOSN (B.), NOVKOV (A.), JURADO (V.), LIZ (L.), PORCA (E.), ROGELIO (M. A.), SNCHEZ-MORAL (S.) & SIZ-JIMNEZ (C.), Ob servatorio microbiolgico de cuevas: evaluacin y control de c omunidades fngicas en cuevas sometidas al impacto de actividades turs ticas [Caves microbial observatory: assessment and control of fungal commu nities in show caves]:513-520. DVORŠ AK (K.), 2010. History of the presentation of the Proteus ( Proteus anguinus ) in Postojna Cave:81-82. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICS B 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: The presentation of the Proteus to the public and the development of Postojna Cave as a show cave are closely connected. The Proteus ( Proteus anguinus ) is without a doubt one of the most charismatic animals from the point of view of the interpretation of the natural phenomena of the subterranean world. The history of the presentation of the Proteus goes back two centuries. Many visitors came to Postojna to see th e Proteus not the cave in the days before the discovery of its inner sec tions. It is also interesting to follow the history of the ways in wh ich the Proteus has been presented since through its interpretation w e gain an insight into the attitude of contemporary visitors and the cave management towards this subterranean creature. The first researchers s hared the fundamental satisfaction of entering uncharted territory (like Luka E when he discovered the cave) when they observed the Proteus in the natural environment of the Black Cave. The occasional visit ors from the beginning of the 19th century took part in romantic, mystery-filled visi ts to which a certain amount of prestige was often att ached. These visits were complemented by the looting of stalactites and other cave formations and the purchase of a "human fish", as t he Proteus was known. Mass tourism began to develop with the arriv al of the railway, and in particular after the Second World War: a vis it to Postojna Cave and the Proteus became a programmed dramatic presentation where nothing was left to chance. A visit to the cave cea sed to be a natural experience and became an urban, stage-managed event The Proteus was a constituent part of the visit, so the need for "u rbanisation" of the cave has also been reflected in the pools in which speci mens of proteus have been presented in Postojna Cave over the last 50 ye ars. Today, urban requirements have given way to nature protection re gulations and legislation. First and foremost are conditions for presenting cave-dwelling animals to the public. The route of a standard visi t to Postojna Cave is largely unchanged. Visitors do, however, have the o pportunity of a more in-depth individual experience either of specific sections of the cave system or of cave fauna. The trends that point to a future interpretational approach include the search for authenticity and th e desire for exclusive experiences. There is also a yearning for the funda mental satisfaction of the original discoverers that of seeing and exper iencing something genuine, such as seeing animals in their natural en vironment. As managers of the cave, we are therefore looking for ways to bring the cave fauna as close as possible to different sections of the public, using modern interpretation methods and tools, and in the most sustainable manner possible. DZAL (Y.), McGUIRE (L. P.), VESELKA (N.) & FENTON (M. B.), 2010. Going, going, gone: the impact of white-nose syndrome on the summer activity of th e little brown bat ( Myotis lucifugus ). Biology Letters Published online before print November 24, 2010, DO I: ABS: Since its discovery in the winter of 2005-2006, white-nose sy ndrome (WNS) has killed over one million little brown bats ( Myotis lucifugus ) in the American northeast. Although many studies have repo rted die-offs of bats at winter hibernacula, it is important to understan d how bat mortality linked to WNS at winter hibernacula affects bat act ivity levels in their summer ranges. In the summer (May-August) of 2007, 2008 and 2009, we recorded echolocation calls to determine bat act ivity at sites along the Hudson River, NY (within approx. 100 km of where WN S was first reported). We documented a 78 per cent decline in t he summer activity of M. lucifugus coinciding with the arrival and spread of WNS. We suggest that mortality of M. lucifugus in winter hibernacula is reflected by reduced levels of activity in the summer and that W NS affects the entire bat population of an area, and not only individual hibernacula. KW: White-nose syndrome, Myotis lucifugus bats, summer activity, bat mortality. EBERHARD (S. M.), 2010. Impacts of Climate Change on Subterranean Wetlands in Western Australia:2 p. Abs tract of keynote address presented to Climate Change and WA Wetlands and waterways: current knowledge and futur e direction, 6th July 2010, Wollaston Conference Cent re, Mt Claremont, Perth. EBERHARD (S. M.), 2010. Impacts of climate change on stygofauna in southwest Western Australia:82-83. In : 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICS B 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: Southwest Western Australia has experienced an unparalleled c limate shift since the mid 1970's, characterised by reduced rainfall which has contributed to declining groundwater levels. Climate modelling att ributes part of this change to atmospheric greenhouse gases, and predict s the drying trend will increase over coming decades. Groundwater pool s and streams in limestone caves at Yanchep and the Leeuwin-Naturali ste region are habitat for assemblages of stygofauna associated wi th tree roots which grow in the cave pools and streams. Because of the declining water levels, these Aquatic Root Mat Communities were lis ted as Threatened Ecological Communities (TECs) (status Endangered) u nder the Federal Environmental Protection and Biodiversity Conservat ion Act. A study of the Leeuwin-Naturaliste caves and dependent stygofa una communities characterised their ecological relationships with h ydrology, vegetation, rainfall, climate and other potential threatening p rocesses. Radiometric dating and stratigraphic leveling of sediments were used to reconstruct a history of groundwater changes in Jewel Cave spanni ng the Early Pleistocene to Present. The lowest palaeo groundwat er levels were recorded near the end of the Pleistocene (ca. 12000 BP), followed by generally elevated levels through the Holocene. Mol ecular genetic evidence from two species of crustaceans endemic to Jewel Cave suggests that the stygofauna survived in situ, the low groundwater levels experienced in the Late Pleistocene. In the last fi ve years however, groundwater in Jewel Cave has declined below the lo west recorded Pleistocene limit, and all known occurrences of its stygofauna community have disappeared, and are presumed extinct. Recover y Plans prepared for the Leeuwin-Naturaliste and Yanchep TECs have met w ith limited success. Faced with a continued drying climate tren d in southwest Western Australia, the future outlook for survival of the LeeuwinNaturaliste communities, and other stygofauna in sh allow limestone aquifers, is less than optimistic. The impact of a drying climate in this region is compounded by increasing extractive deman ds on groundwater resources associated with urbanisation in the Perth Basin. The coastal limestone aquifers, which occupy a narrow linear ba nd and provide the most prospective habitat for stygofauna, are also m ost impacted by urban developments, reduced water quality and contaminati on, and potentially saltwater intrusion caused by pumping or sea level rise. Recently the Augusta-Margaret River Tourism Association (AMRTA) has instigated measures to control and manage the groundwater decl ine in Lake Cave, by harvesting rainfall to supplement groundwater re charge and sustain the cave lake, which is a major ecotourism drawcard. In tandem with this, a major study is underway to understand the hydrology and stygofauna in Lake Cave, with the ultimate goal of developing man agement strategies for coping with climate change. EBERHARD (S. M.) & MOULDS (T. A.), 2010. Review of the subterranean biodiversity of the Nullarbor plai n,


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 28 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 Southern Australia:39. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 Aug ust-3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961269-286-5. ABS: The Nullarbor Plain covers an area over 200000 km2 and is one of the largest areas of continuous expos ed karst in the world. Scientific documentation of the caves and biologica l collections commenced in the late 19th century although much of this earlier information on caves and cave fauna has remained sc attered in scientific journals, unpublished reports, museum collections, speleological databases and private records. This has hindered in tegration and coherent assessment of the region's karstic and subterranean biodiversity values, needed for informed conservation management of this highly significant karst area. The purpose of this study was to compil e an inventory of caves and karst features, and develop a preliminary chara cterization of subterranean biodiversity values, including knowled ge gaps and future research needs. Presently, more than 687 caves and nearly 3000 other karst features (dolines, blowholes, rock shelters, etc) have been recorded, of which approximately 200 have had biological coll ections. The compiled database of biological collections compris ed nearly 2000 occurrence records of 309 provisional taxa belongin g to 134 families. Invertebrates comprised 90% of these records, with bats and birds representing the remainder. The most well represent ed invertebrate taxa were arachnids (157 taxa), followed by insects, cru staceans, and myriapods. The overall taxonomic resolution was low with less than onehalf (49%) of the fauna identified to species level however, the obligate subterranean fauna known to date comprises at least 26 species in 19 genera. Stygobionts are conspicuously absent from m ost Nullarbor caves despite the presence of large saline lakes in about a dozen caves. Stygobionts with marine affinities have been record ed from caves on the Roe Plain, a portion of the Nullarbor karst which w as subject to a marine transgression in the Pliocene-Early Pleistocene. To assist with setting conservation priorities, the caves were assigned a preliminary biological importance ranking based on a combination of obliga te species richness, total species richness, and cave length. This study identified major gaps in taxonomic knowledge, geographic sampling coverag e, and reservation status for biologically important caves, and highli ghted the need for further systematic surveys. EBERHARD (S. M.), STEVENS (N.), PERINA (G.) & BELL (P.), 2010. Troglofauna in the Pilbara region, Western Australia Patterns in diversity and distr ibution, and sampling considerations for conservation assessment:38. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August -3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961269-286-5. ABS: Discovery of diverse terrestrial invertebrate assemblages in subterranean habitats associated wit h iron-ore bearing rocks in the Pilbara region has driven a spate of t roglofauna surveys as part of pre-mining environmental impact assessment. We present the results from recent surveys undertaken by mining co mpanies which contribute new understanding towards this remarkabl e hidden element of biodiversity in Western Australia’s arid regions. P atterns in the systematic composition, species richness and abunda nce of troglofauna assemblages collected from mining exploration drill holes are described. The systematic composition of the assemblages inclu des arachnids (Araneae, Pseudoscorpionida, Schizomida, Palpigrada ), insects (Diplura, Thysanura, Coleoptera, Hemiptera, Blattodea), myria pods (Diplopoda, Chilopoda, Symphyla, Pauropoda) and crustaceans (Is opoda). Species distribution patterns, which ranged from regionally widespread to highly localised short-range endemics, were not necessaril y concordant with geologic habitat discontinuities. Among the taxa wh ich exhibited morphological modifications to subterranean life (t roglomorphy), such as loss of eyes and pigment and elongation of appendag es, their degree of specialization varied, and a proportion of troglomo rphic taxa were more typically associated with soil, plant roots or leaf litter, as opposed to deep subterranean habitats. The emerging patterns and ch aracteristics of the subterranean assemblages have important ramificatio ns for interpretation of ecological survey data, and the conservation ass essment of "troglofauna". We identify some key issues involved with survey and assessment of troglofauna, and highlight future cha llenges in this rapidly developing research field. EFSA (European Food Safety Authority) Panel on Anim al Health and Welfare, 2010. Scientific Opinion on African Swine Fever. EFSA Journal 8(3):1556, 149 p. DOI: Available online: BL: Ornithodoros tholozani cave tick. EFSA (European Food Safety Authority) Panel on Anim al Health and Welfare, 2010. Scientific Opinion on the Role of Tick Vectors in the Epidemiology of Crimean Cong o Hemorrhagic Fever and African Swine Fever in Eurasi a. EFSA Journal 8(8):1703, 156 p. DOI: Available online: ELIAS (N. A.), HASHIM (R.) & KINGSTON (T.), 2010. Energy and nutritional demands in Hipposideros bicolor 142 kHz giving birth right on time:127. In: 15th International Bat Research Conference, Prague, 22-2 7 August 2010, the conference manual: Programme, abstracts, list of participants, edited by: Ivan HOR EK and Petr BENDA, ISBN 978-80-87154-46-5, 380 p. ABS: The high energetic and nutritional demands of pregn ancy and lactation in bats are presumed to require that species in season al habitats breed when food availability is greatest. Failure to match par turition with food availability could incur individual fitness costs a nd, should mismatches occur repeatedly, lead to population declines. In t his study, we determine whether an insectivorous rainforest bat from Malays ia, Hipposideros bicolor 142 kHz, synchronizes reproductive activity with i nsect availability, and if insect availability correlates with local climate variables (temperature and rainfall). The study was conducted in lowland dipterocarp forest around Kuala Lompat Research Sta tion (343'N, 10210'E), Pahang, Malaysia between February and De cember 2009. Bats were trapped with four-bank harp traps in the fores t understorey for five nights each week, and once a month at a nearby cave A total of 180 female adults were captured, and within-month recap tures were excluded. Females were assigned to five major reproductive ca tegories by examination of the condition of mammary glands and pubic nipples and abdominal palpation: not reproductive; early pregna ncy; pregnant; lactating; post-lactating. Two light traps were run simultaneous to the trapping in order to correlate the presence of inse cts as food source for these small flying mammals. HOBO Automated Weather Station was used to monitor the temperature and rainfall in the study area. Our findings suggest that Hipposideros bicolor 142 kHz has a restricted seasonal monoestry pattern of reproduction in which females produce one litter in a single season each year. Pregnancy was detected as early as February and lactating individuals recorded from Ap ril until September. The highest percentage of lactating individuals was recorded in May, which corresponded to the maximum mean rainfall and the highest mean insect dry biomass at the study site, suggesting th at this species synchronizes parturition and lactation with the per iod of maximum food abundance in the habitat. ELLIS (M.), 2010. The Caves of Phitsanulok. December 2010, 21 p. ELLIS (M.), 2010. The Caves of Thailand. 5. The Caves of Chiang Mai. Published by Takobi Ltd Lom Sak Phetchabun Thailand,,, Copyright Martin ELLIS, 2010, 79 p. ELLISON (L. E.), 2010. A Retrospective Survival Analysis of Townsend's Big-Eared Bat ( Corynorhinus townsendii ) from Washington State. Northwestern Naturalist 91(2):172-182. DOI: ABS: Townsend's Big-eared Bat ( Corynorhinus townsendii ) is a species of conservation concern for many states and provinces. However, little is known about key demographic parameters, s uch as survival, for this species due to its sensitivity to human distur bance. This species can also be vulnerable to injuries from wing bands; the most commonly applied marking technique used in the past to estim ate survival in bats. During the US Fish and Wildlife Service's Bat Bandi ng Program (19321972), CM Senger banded 1346 Townsend's Big-eared B ats at 3 major cave systems in Washington during 1964-1975, and co ntinued to


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 29 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 recapture banded bats until 1980. I applied current mark-recapture techniques to retrospectively estimate survival of hibernating Townsend's Big-Eared Bats banded by CM Senger. I also investig ated sex, time, and trend effects on survival and capture probabilities of these 3 populations of bats using Cormack-Jolly-Seber (CJS) open models and the modeling capabilities of program MARK. For each location, es timates of annual survival and capture probabilities varied somewhat by sex and ranged from 0.54 to 0.68 for males and 0.60 to 0.67 for fe males. During the banding study, band injuries were noted and populat ions declined at all locations potentially violating assumptions of the CJS model. However, the dataset from which these estimates were derived is likely to be the most complete and well-maintained dataset in the Ba t Banding Program files. Resulting annual survival estimates from the se data were relatively precise and modeling provided evidence of time and trend effects and differences in survival between the sexes. These re sults provide historical, post hoc estimates of an important life -history parameter for this species of bat wintering in caves in 3 localiz ed areas of Washington State. KW: Bat banding, Corynorhinus townsendii mark-recapture, survival analysis, Townsend's Big-eared Bat, Washin gton. ENGEL (A. S.), 2010. Book Review. ROMERO Aldemaro, 2009, Cave Biology: Life in Darkness New York, Cambridge University Press, 306 p. ISBN: 978-0-521-82846-8 (hardback) and ISBN: 978-0-521-53553-3 (paperback). Integrative and Comparative Biology 50(4, October 19):689-691. DOI: ABS: Karst landscapes comprise roughly 20% of earth's ice-free land surfa ce underlain by soluble rocks. These landscapes typically consist o f extensive underground water-flow systems that include sinking streams, sinkholes, and caves. Caves are generally considered to be sol utional or collapseenlarged openings in rock that are enterable by hum ans, but certainly such openings can exist that are inaccessible to hu mans. Most cave systems form from some sort of a surface to subsurf ace hydrological connection within a drainage basin, but lithologica l and tectonic constraints often limit connectivity of passages ac ross drainage basins. Therefore, cave systems are considered discontinuou s habitats. Because of potential geographical and hydrological isolatio n, caves and other subterranean habitats can provide insight into evol utionary processes, assuming that answers to questions related to how t he subsurface came to be colonized, or what the tempo of evolution has be en for animals, can be agreed upon. Certainly, to colonize the subsurface, organisms have had to adapt to potential energy and nutrient limitations, oxygen deprivation, geochemically variable solutions, and even the high er water pressures that come with living at depth. The idea that life could flourish in the absolute darkness of caves and other subterranean t errestrial habitats has perplexed naturalists, scientists, and biologists f or centuries, including even the most well known of these like Charles Darw in. Cave animals are undoubtedly peculiar creatures, with distinctive tr oglomorphic characteristics that include being eyeless, depigme nted, and having elongated appendages. However, troglomorphy is not limited to organisms from caves, as interstitial (i. e., relat ing to water-bearing strata, including the hyporheic zone and deep aquifers) and superficial (i. e., epikarst, talus slopes, seeps) subterranean habitat s also yield a remarkably rich troglomorphic fauna. Was the ability to live i n subsurface habitats derived from preadaptive metabolic, behavioral, or even genetic traits of ancestral individuals, or was it from genetic modif ication or phenotypic plasticity of individuals... ENGEL (A. S.), 2010. Chapter 10. Microbial Diversity of Cave Ecosystems:219-238. DOI: 10.1007/978-90-4819204-5_10 In: BARTON (L. L.), MANDL (M.) & LOY (A.), Geomicrobiology: Molecular and Environmental Perspective. Springer Dordrecht, Heidelberg, London, New York. Library of Congress Control Number: 2010931683. i-xiv + 435 p. ISBN 978-90-481-9203-8, eISBN 978-90-481-9204-5. DOI: 10.1007/978-90-4819204-5 BARTON (L. L.), MANDL (M.) & LOY (A.), editors. ABS: The formation of natural caves (speleogenesis ) is due to any number of processes that result in the hollowin g out of rock, including dissolution, mechanical weathering, volca nic activity, or even the melting of glacial ice. Caves are classified ba sed on the solid rock that they developed within, the proximity to the groundw ater table (e. g., above, at, or below it), the speleogenetic history of a feature, and the overall passage morphology and organization (e. g., cave length, passage shape, passage arrangement, passage levels) (Fig. 1 0.1). Caves are one type of feature that characterizes a karst landscap e, which develops in soluble rocks (e. g., limestone, dolomite, gypsum, halite) that roughly coincides with the global distribution of carbonate sedimentary rocks of all geologic ages (e. g., Ford & Williams, 2007). A lthough karst comprises ~15-20% of the Earth's ice-free land surf ace, karst caves are not interconnected, not within the same hydrologica l drainage basin and definitely not across different drainage basins. ESMAEILI RINEH (S.), AKMALI (V.) & SHARIFI (M.), 2010. Tadovan Cave a living ecosystem in Iran for stud y of bats. Poster 45:70. In: 15th International Bat Research Conference, Prague, 22-27 August 2010, the conferen ce manual: Programme, abstracts, list of participants, edited by: Ivan HOR EK and Petr BENDA, ISBN 978-8087154-46-5, 380 p. ESMAEILI RINEH (S.), AKMALI (V.) & SHARIFI (M.), 2010. Tadovan Cave a living ecosystem for study of bat s in Iran:130. In: 15th International Bat Research Conference, Prague, 22-27 August 2010, the conferen ce manual: Programme, abstracts, list of participants, edited by: Ivan HOR EK and Petr BENDA, ISBN 978-8087154-46-5, 380 p. ABS: The Tadovan cave is locating in the village of Tadovan, about 65 km north of Jahrom in the Fars province. The Tadovan cave is a large and complex cave inhabited by many species of bats. The cave is a home to approximately 10000 bat s (at least eight species including Rhinopoma microphyllum R. muscatellum Myotis blythii M. capaccinii Rinolophus blasii R. euryale R. hipposideros and Miniopterus schreibersi ) in four seasons. In the first chamber, we found approximately 300 Rhinopoma individuals of both species. In other parts of the cave, Rhinolophus euryale R. blasii R. hipposideros Myotis blythii M. capaccinii and Miniopterus schreibersii hung from the cave ceiling. Several bat specimens were surveyed for ec toparasites. The found ectoparasites included the genera Spinturnix Eyndhovenia Ixodes Pencilidia and the family Sterblidae. The inventory of the c ave includes identification of the bat species, population estim ate, ectoparasite load and reproduction state in the bats inhibiting the c ave. This information are of particular interest as the cave could be impacte d by human disturbance including developmental projects of ecotourism. ESMAEILI RINEH (S.) & SARI (A.), 2010. Niphargids of Iran with focus on the Zagros Mountains:142, poster presentation. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August -3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961269-286-5. ABS: Pervious studies on Iranian niphargids were li mited to a single record of Niphargus valachicus Despite many underground sources of water in Iran, especially at the Zagros Mountains, there are no further studies on hypogean amphipods associated wi th caves and springs with underground origin. The Iranian basin is a lar ge triangular depression flanked by Elburz Mountains in the north and Zagros Mountains in the west. The Zagros Mountains extend diagonally from eastern Turkey to the north of the Persian Gulf and Pakistan border. The current survey aims to study members of the genus Niphargus in Iran taxonomically and phylogenetically. At the First st ep, the karst areas and springs in the west of Iran were located. The speci mens were collected from several localities including: Dimeh spring in Chaharmahal-VaBakhtiari province, Brolan spring in Azarbaijan pro vince, Sasan River in Fars province, Ghori-Ghale cave in Kermanshah provi nce, Razbashi spring in Lorestan province and Ghaemshahr and Dani al cave in Mazandaran province, Cheshmeh-Siah in Kohgiloyeh-Va -Boyerahmad Province. All species of the current study belong t o the genus Niphargus Drawings of the key characters were made using Came ra Lucida on a compound microscope. Geographical distribution of a ll species is plotted around the Zagros Mountains. It seems there are at least three new species among the specimens collected from differen t water source around the Zagros Mountains. The main diagnostic ch aracters of each species will be used in an illustrated key for niph argids of Iran. ESPINASA (L.), FURST (S.), ALLEN (T.) & SLAY (M. E.), 2010. A New Genus of the Subfamily Cubacubaninae (Insecta: Zygentoma: Nicoletiidae) from Caves in So uth-


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 30 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 Central and Southwestern USA. Journal of Cave and Karst Studies 72(3, December):161-168. DOI: ABS: The genus Speleonycta is erected, and S. ozarkensis n. sp., is described and separated from other species of the subfamily Cubac ubaninae. The type species was collected from several caves in the Oza rk Plateau, while two more species, collected from a cave in Arizona and from a cave in California, remain under study. Morphology and prel iminary analyses using histone DNA indicate that the new genus may b e related to Texoreddellia another nicoletiid from caves of Texas and northe rn Mexico. ETTENAUER (J. D.), 2010. Culture dependent and independent identification of microorganisms on monuments. Angestrebter akademischer Grad Magister der Naturwissenschaften (Mag. rer.nat.), Wien, im 4 Mai 2010, 224 p. EVENHUIS (N. L.), 2010. Authors of fly names. A preliminary list of all authors who have proposed D iptera names at the family-level or below. Bishop Museum Technical Report 51:181 p. FAILLE (A.), 2010. Les Coloptres troglobies de l'le de Sulawesi (Indonsie); description du mle du Paussi dae cavernicole Eustra saripaensis Deuve, 2002 (Coleoptera) [Troglobitic Coleoptera of Sulawesi (Indonesia); description of the male of the cavernicolous Paussi dae Eustra saripaensis Deuve, 2002 (Coleoptera)]. Bulletin de la Socit entomologique de France 115(3):375-380. RS: Nous prsentons ici les rsultats de prospections b iosplologiques ralises en aot et septembre 2007 dans les grotte s de la rgion de Maros, Sulawesi. De nouvelles localits du Carabida e Mateuellus troglobioticus Deuve sont cites et le mle d' Eustra saripaensis Deuve est dcrit. L'tude de l'dage de cet insecte perm et d'mettre des hypothses quant ses affinits phylogntiques av ec les autres espces du genre. Une carte de rpartition des espces d' Eustra connues ce jour est prsente, et la distribution du genre est disc ute. FAILLE (A.), BOURDEAU (C.) & FRESNEDA (J.), 2010. A new species of blind Trechinae from the Pyrenees of Huesca, and its position within Aphaenops (sensu stricto) (Coleoptera: Carabidae: Trechini). Zootaxa 2566(August 13):49-56, 4 pl., 16 rf. ABS: A new trechine species Aphaenops parvulus sp. n. (Carabidae, Trechini) is described from Esj amundo cave in the Pyrenees of Huesca, Spain. The new species b elongs to the subgenus Aphaenops (sensu stricto), but differs from its closest cong eners by the small size-it is the smallest species of the group-and characters of the aedeagus. Molecular data based on fragments of a mitochondrial (COI) and a nuclear (LSU) genes recognised Aphaenops parvulus sp. n. as a sister taxon to A. eskualduna Coiffait. Aphaenops eskualduna is reported from Spain with precision for the first ti me. KW: Carabidae, Trechini, Aphaenops parvulus sp. n., subterranean environment, Pyrenees, Spain, molecular phylogeny. FAJDIGA (B.) & STUPAR (M.), 2010. Subterranean protection starts on the surface:84. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slove nia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: The Slovenian legislation ensures the establishment of protected areas with several laws, among which The nature conservation Act (since 1999) provides a leg al framework and effective mechanism for planning and management of protected areas. The first initiatives for karst conservation were c onnected with the protection of caves. Some clearly defined suggestio ns for cave protection have been given (Badiura & Brinšek, 1908, Pirc, 191 1) defining the necessity of protection of cave fauna and dripstone The protection of underground caves with interesting cave fauna and f lora was stated in the third part of Spomenica (1920) which represents the first Slovenian nature conservation program. Considering the lithol ogy of Slovenia, with the majority of the bedrocks having carbonate origi n, the majority of large protected areas are obviously also linked wit h carbonate surface. Protected areas of Slovenian karst landscape presen ts three quarters of all protected areas in the country which indicates the great nature conservation value of karst. A legal step towards t he protection of all caves was defined, when the parliament declared The Cave protection act in 2004. This act defines protection and restricts the use of caves; it determines the protection regimes, protection measu res and other rules of behaviour in caves. It also defines the minimal sta ndard which each cave should fulfil to achieve a status of natural herita ge. Generally speaking every cave whose length exceedes 10 meters is autom atically given the status of natural heritage. Since 2004 some of the most important cave habitats are protected as a part of the European ec ological network Natura 2000. An important legislation for cave conservatio n has thus been enacted, but it is still necessary to attain a more complex protection of the karst underground areas and thereby cave habitats. The problem of the protection of the karst underground can not be solv ed only on the basis of the conservation legislation. Mostly the problems o f endangerment are linked with the pollution on the surface. Thereby, to achieve the protection of karst subterranean areas it is necess ary to protect the surface within range of underground water. The system for t he complex conservation should be based on the concept of inte raction of all spheres of activity on the surface; urbanism, industry, agr iculture, traffic, waste water purification. FANCIULLI (P. P.), LORETI (M.) & DALLAI (R.), 2010. A new cave species of Deuteraphorura (Collembola: Onychiuridae) and redescription of four species of the genus from Italy. Zootaxa 2609(September 13):34-54, 6 pl., 31 rf. ABS: The description of a new species and the redes cription of four species of the genus Deuteraphorura are given. Deuteraphorura caprelleana sp. nov. is characterized by the peculiar distribu tion of dorsal (32/033/33354) and ventral (3/011/3212) pseudocelli that allow to recognize it from the other congeneric species. Fur thermore, four species, Deuteraphorura apuanica (Dallai, 1970), D. pseudobosnaria (Dallai, 1970), D. pseudoinsubraria (Dallai, 1970) and D. pseudoghidinii (Dallai, 1969), are redescribed based on type and new topoty pic material to furnish the description of some characters, especia lly concerning the chaetotaxy, not considered in the original descript ion. A proposed key to the italian species is also reported. KW: Springtai ls, taxonomy, chaetotaxy, identification key, Deuteraphorura caprelleana sp. nov. FARLEY (D.), 2010. Mark Twain National Forest caves close due to bat fungus. Southeast Missourian Friday, April 30. FAURE (P. A.), VESELKA (N.), McERLAIN (D. D.), HOLDSWORTH (D. W.), EGER (J. L.), CHHEM (R.), MASON (M. J.), BRAIN (K. L.) & FENTON (M. B.), 2010. P 27. A stylohyal-tympanic connection signals laryngeal echolocation in bats:474. In: 9th International Congress of Neuroethology Salamanca (Spain), 2-7 August 2010. Sponsored by the International Society for Neuroethology ( Abstracts. ABS: Echolocation is an active form of perception where animals emit sounds and then listen to the reflected echoes to form ima ges of their environment in their brain. For this process to wor k outgoing sounds must be represented at a neuronal level for future compa rison with returning echoes. The mechanism effecting this neuronal repre sentation is presently unknown. The ability to echolocate has evolved at l east four times in mammals (bats, whales, shrews, tenrecs) and twice i n birds (oilbirds and cave swiftlets). Although echolocation is usually a ssociated with bats, it is not characteristic of them. Most echolocating ba ts emit sounds from the larynx, but within one family (Pteropodidae) of mai nly non-echolocating bats a few species emit broadband unstructured soun ds by clicking their tongue. Using anatomical data obtained from microco mputed tomography scans of 26 species (n = 35 fluid-preserved bats), we found that proximal articulation of the stylohyal bone (part of the mam malian hyoid apparatus) with the tympanic bone always distinguis hes laryngeallyecholocating bats from both non-echolocating and to ngueclicking pteropodid bats. The stylohyal bone functions in br eathing, swallowing and phonation; the tympanic bone surrounds and supp orts the tympanic membrane. In many high duty cycle bats the stylohya l bone was fused to the tympanic bone. A previous report on the stylohy al bone in the oldest known fossil bat ( Onychonycteris finneyi ) suggested that it did not echolocate; however, we speculate that O. finneyi may have used laryngeal echolocation because its stylohyals may h ave articulated with its tympanics. Coupling the larynx to the ear via a stylohyal-tympanic


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 31 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 connection could serve multiple functions in hearin g and echolocation, and provides an independent anatomical character to distinguish laryngeally-echolocating bats from all other bats. Our discovery reopens basic questions about the timing and the origin of flight and echolocation in the early evolution of bats. FAURE (P. A.), VESELKA (N.), McERLAIN (D. D.), HOLDSWORTH (D. W.), EGER (J. L.), CHHEM (R.), MASON (M. J.), BRAIN (K. L.) & FENTON (M. B.), 2010. A bony connection signals laryngeal echolocation i n bats:132-133. In: 15th International Bat Research Conference, Prague, 22-27 August 2010, the conferen ce manual: Programme, abstracts, list of participants, edited by: Ivan HOR EK and Petr BENDA, ISBN 978-8087154-46-5, 380 p. ABS: Echolocation is an active form of perception where animals emit sounds and then liste n to the reflected echoes to form images of their environment in their brain. For the process to work outgoing sounds must be represented at a ne uronal level for future comparison with returning echoes. The mechan ism effecting this neuronal representation is presently unknown. The a bility to echolocate has evolved at least four times in mammals (bats, w hales, shrews, tenrecs) and twice in birds (oilbirds and cave swif tlets). Although echolocation is usually associated with bats, it is not characteristic of them. Most echolocating bats emit sounds from the l arynx, but within one family of mainly non-echolocating bats (Pteropodida e), a few species emit broadband unstructured sounds by clicking thei r tongue. The diversity of echolocation is reflected in the varie ty of signals that bats emit, which can include constant frequency (CF-narr owband) and/or frequency modulated (FM-broadband) components that can be long or short in duration and emitted in varying temporal p atterns. Using anatomical data obtained from micro-computed tomogr aphy scans of fluid preserved bats, we found that proximal articu lation of the stylohyal bone with the tympanic bone always distinguishes la ryngeallyecholocating bats from both non-echolocating and to ngue-clicking pteropodid bats. The stylohyal bone is part of the mammalian hyoid apparatus and functions in breathing, swallowing an d phonation; the tympanic bone surrounds and supports the tympanic m embrane. In many high duty cycle species, the stylohyal was fused at a point or along the entire length of contact with the tympanic. A previ ous report on the stylohyal in the oldest known fossil bat ( Onychonycteris finneyi ) suggested that it did not echolocate; however, we s peculate that O. finneyi may have had the capacity for laryngeal echolocatio n because its stylohyals may have articulated with its tympanics. A coupling of the larynx to the ear via a stylohyal-tympanic connecti on could serve multiple functions in hearing and echolocation, and provides an independent anatomical character to distinguish lar yngeally-echolocating bats from all other bats. Our discovery reopens bas ic questions about the timing and the origin of flight and echolocation in the early evolution of bats. Fdration Franaise de Splologie (F. F. S.), 201 0. Galerie de la mmoire. Go MARCHAND (1922-2010). Spelunca 119(Septembre, 3e trimestre):64. Fdration Splologique Europenne (F. S. E.), 201 0. White-Nose Syndrome (WNS) in Europe? Fact sheet for cavers. Le "Syndrome du Nez Blanc (SNB)" en Europe? Feuillet d'information pour les splos. 5 p. FEDOR (P. J.), DORI OV (M.), PROKOP (P.) & MOUND (L. A.), 2010. Heinrich UZEL, the father of Thysanoptera studies. Zootaxa 2645(October 14):55-63, 1 pl., 11 rf. FELDERHOFF (K. L.), BERNARD (E. C.) & MOULTON (J. K.), 2010. Survey of Pogonognathellus Brner (Collembola: Tomoceridae) in the Southern Appalachi ans Based on Morphological and Molecular Data. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 103(4, July):472491. DOI: ABS: Pogonognathellus Brner is the most common genus of tomocerid Collembola in the southern Appalachian region of th e United States. Scale pattern, cuticle color, and molecular data we re used with morphology and chaetotaxy to reappraise the members of this genus. P. bidentatus and P. elongatus are confirmed as well-marked species; P. nigritus Maynard is removed from synonymy with P. elongatus and reestablished as a valid species, and a neotype is designated. Two new species are described. Pogonognathellus danieli n. sp. from a cave in Great Smoky Mountains National Park resembles the C alifornia cave species P. celsus but possesses clubbed tenent hairs on all tibiotar si; in P. celsus the tenent hairs are pointed. P. mystax n. sp. is related to the P. flavescens complex" but differs in having a purple clypeus an d a prominent band of light scales along the posterior edge of each tergite. Many collections of P. flavescens -like and P. dubius -like specimens were made but molecular analysis indicated that these sp ecimens consisted of four P. dubius -like taxa and four P. flavescens -like taxa. True P. flavescens from Sweden (type locality) were molecularly disti nct from the putative American P. flavescens included in the analysis. A tentative phylogenetic tree indicated three clades of souther n Appalachian Pogonognathellus: one clade containing P. bidentatus ; another clade containing species with posterior cephalic macrocha etae but without anterior macrochaetae on the fourth abdominal tergi te (Abd. IV; P. elongatus P. nigritus and an undescribed species); and a third clade without posterior cephalic macrochaetae but with on e pair of anterior macrochaetae on Abd. IV ( P. danieli P. mystax and eight undescribed species). KW: Appalachian Mountains, Collembola, ph ylogeny, taxonomy, Tomoceridae. FENDRIHAN (S.), 2010. Microorganisms isolated from subsurface environments and their importance for astrobiology and theoretical biology. ELBA Bioflux 2(1, July 30):23-36. ABS. Objective: the article is a review of the very controversial microbial life in subsurface environm ents like caves, rocks, mines, deep subsurface water and springs, in very s pecial extreme environments. Material and Methods: the methods of isolation of the bacteria and archaea from subsurface environments a re discussed too and analysed. Results: the results of years of investig ations showed the possiblilities of adaptation to extreme environment s and survival on very long periods of times, even geological eras, of som e microorganisms. The inner biochemical, physical, biological and energet ic mechanisms are still not elucidated, even some features were discovered. Conclusion: an extensive and intensive work of cooperation in this field of activity is required to discover the mechanisms of long term su rvival in extreme conditions of the subsurface microorganisms. KW: Su bsurface environments, astrobiology, microorganisms, extreme environments, dormant state, long term survival. REZ: Obiectiv: A rticolul este o trecere n revist a controversatei probleme a vie ii microbiene n mediile subterane cum ar fi pe 8 terile, minele, apele subterane 8 i izvoarele, n medii extreme foarte speciale. Material 8 i metod : metodele de izolare a bacteriilor 8 i arhaea din mediile subterane sunt discutate 8 i analizate n lucrare. Rezultate: rezultatele multor ani de inves tiga ii arat c este posibil ca microorganismele s se adapteze la medii extreme 8 i s supravie uieasc chiar pe perioade de timp la nivelul unor ere geol ogice. Mecanismul intim biochimic, fizic, biologic 8 i energetic este n continuare o problem de elucidat, chiar dac unele elemente au fost identificate. Concluzii: o munc extensiv 8 i intensiv n cooperare, n acest domeniu, este necesara penru descoperirea mec anismului ce permite lunga supravie uire n condi ii extreme a microrganismelor din mediul subteran. CC: Medii subterane, astrobiologie, micro organisme, medii extreme, supravie : uirea pe termen lung. ticles/ FERNNDEZ (O.) & NARANJO (M.), 2010. Catlogo de cavidades de la isla de Gran Canaria (Islas Canaria s). Vulcania 9:? t&view=article&i d=61&Itemid=22 FERREIRA (R. L.), 2010. Hidden biodiversity: recent advances and perspectives in Brazilian subterranean biology:43-44. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August -3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961269-286-5. ABS: In recent years, inventories of cave fauna car ried out across diverse regions of Brazil have shown a great number of new species, many of which belong to new genera, famili es and even suborders. In the last five years, at least 300 tro globiotic species were discovered in Brazilian caves. Many of these specie s are highly troglomorphic. During past decades, researchers tho ught that the Neotropical region would harbor few troglobionts du e to the low climatic severity in the tropics during the glacial maxima i n comparison to temperate regions. The main model that assumes the isolation and


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 32 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 evolution of species in underground systems in the world is based on these climatic changes occurring during distinct gl acial maxima. However, the great amount of new species recently d iscovered in Brazilian caves and their high degree of troglomorp hism indicates, that the events of climatic changes in Neotropics, even if not so severe as in temperate regions, could have led to the isolation of subterranean lineages. Or, alternatively, other mechanisms of is olation (e. g. parapatric speciation, oceanic introgressions and regressions) might have led to the evolution of many lineages of subterranean fauna in Brazil. Furthermore, especially for terrestrial troglobionts, it seems t hat there is a geographic belt in northeastern Brazil (from SW to NE) in whic h troglobiotic species are concentrated. This belt eventually can represen t the area in which many ancient populations had first become isolated due to the separation of the continuous evergreen tropical forest that us ed to exist in the area during the last glacial maximum, when the Amazon fo rest and the Brazilian Atlantic forest were connected. The Neotr opical region is also characterized by the huge diversity of higher taxon omic groups of subterranean animals, what makes it especially inte resting for ecological studies. FERREIRA (R. L.) & SOUZA-SILVA (M.), 2010. The cave lithology determining the structure of the cav e invertebrate communities in the Brazilian Atlantic rain forest:44-45, poster presentation. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slove nia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: Only limestone and a few arenitic, ferruginous and granitic caves had their invertebra te communities studied. The present study aimed to compare the str ucture of invertebrate communities associated with carbonatic, magmatic, s iliciclastic and ferruginous caves. Significant differences related to richness were observed when comparing pairs of caves: siliciclast itic and carbonatic, ferruginous and siliciclastic, magmatic and silicic lastic, and magmatic and ferruginous. Significant differences in relativ e abundance were observed between ferruginous and siliciclastic cave s, and magmatic and siliciclastic caves. Ferruginous caves had the high est richness of troglomorphic species. Total richness of invertebra tes was significantly positively correlated with cave length regardless o f lithology. Relative richness and relative diversity of invertebrates in siliciclastic caves was positively related with the altitudinal variation. Total species richness of invertebrates was significantly positively corrrela ted with environmental stability in siliciclastic caves. Total abundance o f invertebrates was significantly positively correlated with environmen tal stability in carbonatic caves. Cave lithology determines clear d ifferences in richness, abundance, and diversity of subterranean invertebra te communities. Ferruginous caves have the highest richness, and fa una composition most different from caves of other lithologies. Linear d evelopment of caves in different rock types causes difference in amount of species. Cave size should always be considered along with lithology wh en different caves are biologically evaluated. F. G., 2010. Lascaux: "Les fresques se portent bien". Le Nouvel Observateur 2406(16-22 Dcembre):109. FILIPPOVA (A.), PURSCHKE (G.), TZETLIN (A. B.) & MLLER (M. C. M.), 2010. Musculature in polychaetes: comparison of Myrianida prolifera (Syllidae) and Sphaerodoropsis sp. (Sphaerodoridae). Invertebrate Biology 129(2, Spring):184-198. ABS. The relationship of the polychaete taxa Syllidae and Sphaerodoridae within Phyllodocida is still unresolved: phylogenetic analyses either show them as sister groups or more widely separated. The present article aims to provide information about the structure of the muscular system that cou ld be essential for understanding their relationship. A crucial point i s whether the body wall contains circular muscles, which has recently been shown to be absent in more taxa than previously known. The F-actin filame nts in members of Myrianida prolifera (Syllidae) and Sphaerodoropsis sp. (Sphaerodoridae) were labeled with phalloidin and their three-dimens ional relationships reconstructed by means of confocal laser scanning m icroscopy. Among the noteworthy differences that emerged between the species are (1) members of M. prolifera possess four, those of Sphaerodoropsis sp. eight, longitudinal muscle strands; (2) the body wall in M. prolifera contains transverse fibers in a typical, supralongitudinal p osition, while in Sphaerodoropsis sp., corresponding fibers lie beneath the longitud inal strands; (3) proand peristomium in M. prolifera have no distinct F-actin fibers, while five longitudinal pairs and three sin gle transverse muscular fibers shape the anterior end in Sphaerodoropsis sp.; (4) the proventricle of M. prolifera comprises primarily radial muscle fibers arranged in distinct rows, while in Sphaerodoropsis sp. the axial proboscis consists of longitudinal and circular fibers and radial fibers are lacking; (5) in M. prolifera the proximal and distal sections of the two anter iormost pairs of dorsal cirri possess longitudinal myofilaments, whi ch are separate from the body wall musculature; by contrast, all appenda ges in Sphaerodoropsis sp. do not; (6) both species have bracing muscles: in M. prolifera they are positioned above the longitudinal fibers, whereas in Sphaerodoropsis sp. they are uniquely positioned between longitudi nal and sublongitudinal transverse fibers. These result s do not support a sister-group relationship of Syllidae and Sphaerodo ridae. In addition, Sphaerodoropsis sp. is yet another example in the list of polychae tes lacking typical circular muscles in the body wall. KW: Annelida, phalloidin, F-actin, evolution, proventricle. FIOLHAIS (C.), 2010. Portugal subterrneo. Sol 3 de Dezembro. tent_id=6028&opiniao= Opini%E3o FIŠER (C.) & TRONTELJ (P.), 2010. Adaptive morphology of subterranean amphipod communities:165-166. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICS B 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: Morphological evolution of subterranean species has been hitherto studied in relation to surface species. Still, closely related subterranea n species co-exist at a number of sites. The stability of such communities implies nicheseparation and thereby minimized competition. Conse quently, co-existing species are expected to differ in their functional morphology. In this study we analyzed 16 niphargid communities consisting of minimally three species, both from caves and interstitial habitats. In 33% of the cave communities and 63% of the interstitial communities the species were more dissimilar than expected if communities were a ssembled by chance. We searched for parallel morphological differentiat ion independently occurring across communities, and for evidence for the adaptive value of morphological differences. In cave communities, Pri ncipal Component Analysis (PCA) clearly distinguished three eco-type s, i. e. phreatic, lentic, and epikarstic species. The three habitats can be d escribed by pore size and water velocity. Phreatic species are large and stout with elongated appendages. Species from streams are large and slen der with short appendages, and species form crevices are small and of various shapes and proportions. Covariance analysis of morpho-trai ts suggests that pore size affects evolution of body length, and water ve locity affects the length of appendages. Interstitial communities consist of small and stout, small and vermiform, and larger and slender species. The third type may be opportunists, typically found also outside intersti tial communities. Differences among species in this homogenous habita t cannot be explained by physical parameters, but the morpholog ical types might differ in their trophic niche. To test this hypothe sis, we compiled another set of measurements describing gnathopod shape as a surrogate for feeding ecology. Both datasets were separately subj ected to PCA. In both datasets the first Principal Component explained ov er 90% of variation. First Principal Components from both datasets signi ficantly correlated with each other. Slender community member with larg e gnathopods are presumable predators, while stouter species with fe eble gnathopods are presumable microfeeders. FIŠER (.), MOŠKRI (A.) & FIŠER (C.), 2010. A molecular test for Niphargus krameri (Crustacea: Amphipoda) intraspecific diversity:57, poster prese ntation. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: The taxonomic research on amphipods in the Niphargus krameri species complex has had a long history, making it an educat ive example of an intensely studied taxon whose taxonomy kept unfoldi ng proportionally with the amount of invested work. The first record dates to 1935 when Schnellenberg described N. puteanus ssp. krameri S. Karaman raised it to the species level in 1954. Based on a minor morp hological variation, he additionally described N. krameri f. spinulifemur and N. krameri ssp. timavi Thirty years later, in 1984, G. Karaman identifie d autapomorphic


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 33 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 traits in both subspecific taxa and raised them to a species level. Moreover, G. Karaman also reported on coexisting po pulations of N. krameri and N. spinulifemur inhabiting northern Istra Peninsula and Italian Venezia Giulia lacking crossbreeds. More re cently, we distinguished three distinct, geographically well-d elimited morphs of N. krameri s. str. that can be identified on a basis of setal patterns on gnathopods in adult specimens. Despite the congruen ce between morphological and geographic data, no taxonomic con clusions were made in that study. Here we approached the problem using molecular data. Newly obtained 28S rDNA (nuclear) and COI (mi tochondrial) sequences for 19 specimens from 11 localities were aligned with published sequences and subjected to a phylogeny te st. Results show a clear separation of specimens into two strongly sup ported clades that match with geographical division and agree, to some extent, with the distribution of setal patterns. It is evident that gene flow between some populations is restricted, probably due to poor dis persal abilities in a geologically diverse environment, which supports th e idea of N. krameri being in the course of speciation and perhaps also morphological differentiation. All datasets justify hypothesizing a new species distributed across W and N Istria. FLOT (J.-F.), BAUERMEISTER (J.) & DATTAGUPTA (S.), 2010. Niphargus amphipods and their Thiothrix ectosymbionts in Frasassi (Central Italy): a tale o f multiple invasions and host specificity:166-167. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICS B 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: The sulfide-rich Frasassi caves in central Italy contain a rare exam ple of a freshwater ecosystem supported entirely by chemoautotrophy. Niphargus ictus the only amphipod species previously reported from this locality, was recently shown to host Thiothrix ectosymbionts on its cuticle. Whereas chemoautotrophic symbioses are widespread in the ma rine environment, this is the first instance of such a symbiosis to b e reported from a freshwater ecosystem. Since the habitat of N. ictus is highly fragmented and is comprised of streams and lakes with various sulfide concentrations, we conducted a detailed study to ex amine the potential genetic diversity of this species within Frasassi. By sequencing one nuclear (ITS) and two mitochondrial (COI and 12S) r egions, we found that four partially sympatric Niphargus clades are present in Frasassi. One of these clades corresponds to the published de scription of N. ictus, two others have since then been described as N. frasassianus and N. montanarius and the fourth clade remains undescribed due to t he scarcity of available specimens. Phylogenetic analyses of 28 S ribosomal DNA (rDNA) sequences reveal that, among these four puta tive species, only N. montanarius and the fourth clade are closely related to each ot her. These results suggest that the Frasassi cave ecosystem wa s invaded independently by three different Niphargus lineages, one of which eventually split into two clades. Our unexpected fi nding of distinct Niphargus species in Frasassi prompted us to look for Thiothrix symbionts on each of them. Scanning electron micros copy showed filamentous ectosymbionts on all three Niphargus species examined to date ( N. ictus, N. frasassianus and N. montanarius ), and their assignment to the genus Thiothrix was confirmed by sequencing 16S rDNA libraries. Phylogenetic analyses of 16S rDNA sequences reveal that Thiothrix ectosymbionts are not monophyletic. Moreover, some symbiotic Thiothrix lineages are found on more than one Niphargus species, which may indicate past lateral transfers. In spite of th is, ARISA (Automated Ribosomal Intergenic Spacer Analysis) shows that th e symbiotic communities associated with the three Niphargus hosts are distinct and highly host-specific, suggesting that ongoing symbi ont transmission occurs chiefly from parent to offspring. FLOT (J.-F.), WRHEIDE (G.) & DATTAGUPTA (S.), 2010. Unsuspected diversity of Niphargus amphipods in the chemoautotrophic cave ecosystem of Frasassi, ce ntral Italy. BMC Evolutionary Biology 10:171. DOI: ABS: Background: The sulfide-rich Frasassi caves in cent ral Italy contain a rare example of a freshwater ecosystem supported entirel y by chemoautotrophy. Niphargus ictus the sole amphipod species previously reported from this locality, was recently shown to host the first known case of a freshwater chemoautotrophic symbiosis. Si nce the habitat of N. ictus is highly fragmented and is comprised of streams a nd lakes with various sulfide concentrations, we conducted a deta iled study to examine the potential genetic diversity of this species wit hin Frasassi. Results: By sequencing one nuclear (ITS) and two mitochondrial (COI and 12S) regions, we show that four partially sympatric Niphargus clades are present in Frasassi. Morphological and behavioral d ata obtained for three of these clades are perfectly congruent with this m olecular delineation and make it possible to distinguish them in the fie ld. Phylogenetic analyses of 28S ribosomal DNA sequences reveal that among the four clades, only two are closely related to each other. Moreover, these four clades occupy distinct niches that seem to be relat ed to the chemical properties and flow regimes of the various water bo dies within Frasassi. Conclusions: Our results suggest that four distinct Niphargus species are present in Frasassi and that they originated from t hree or four independent invasions of the cave system. At least two among the four species harbor Thiothrix epibionts, which paves the way for further studies of the specificity and evolutionary history of this symbiosis. FONG (D. W.) & KAVANAUGH (K. E.), 2010. Population dynamics of the stygobiotic amphipod crustacean Stygobromus tenuis potomacus and isopod crustacean Caecidotea kenki at a single hypotelminorheic habitat over a two-year span:22-23. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 Aug ust-3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961269-286-5. ABS: We monitored the population size of the stygob iotic amphipod, Stygobromus tenuis potomacus, and of the stygobiotic isopod, Caecidotea kenki, at the resurgence of a hypotelmin orheic habitat for two years at an average sampling interval of 10 days. S urface abundance of S. tenuis ranged from zero to 35 around a mean of 12.0 2, while C. kenki ranged from 10 to 101 around a mean of 44.86. Water temperature varied from 9.4 to 17.8C about a mean of 14.15C, while d epth varied from 2 to 14 mm about a mean of 6.10 mm. Temperature was unco rrelated with depth. Abundances of the two species were also unco rrelated. Abundance of S. tenuis showed a significant decrease with inc reasing temperature (R2 = 0.51), and a weak increase with increasing de pth but a decrease beyond a depth of 8 mm (R2 = 0.23). Abundance of C. kenki showed a weak increase with increasing temperature with a de crease beyond 15C (R2 = 0.28), and no dependence on depth (R2 = 0.03) We conclude that C. kenki is a specialist of the surface habitat imm ediately adjacent to the resurgence of hypotelminorheic water, and that S. t enuis is adapted to the colder subterranean water of the hypotelminorheic. When surface temperature is low, S. tenuis may actively move to the surface to forage. We suggest that this movement may be associated wit h lower temperatures because at higher temperatures the qua lity and quantity of resources may be insufficient to offset metabolic l osses. FOSTER-TURLEY (P.), GRIMES (A.) & SEDEJ (M.), 2010. Biodiversity analysis update for Montenegro, May 2010, 53 p. FOWLER (R.), 2010. Quantitative Real-Time PCR as a tool for the quantification and characterization of microorganisms in caves and karst aquifers: phytoplankton, lampenflora, bacterial communities, and fecal source tracking:167-168. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slove nia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: PCR is a molecular tool to generate many copies of a specific DNA in a process called amplif ication, and quantitative Real-Time PCR (qRT-PCR) includes monit oring fluorescence during the PCR reaction and amplificat ion process. In qRTPCR, increase in fluorescence accompanies the accum ulation of multiple copies of a target DNA fragment after successive cy cles of PCR with specific primers. We use fluorescence measurements along with calibrated standards as a means to quantify specifi c sequences of DNA in complex mixtures of DNA extracted from the environm ent. Three examples are presented in detail: 1) DNA was extrac ted from cultures of Chlorella algae and from field samples along karstic surface streams. qRT-PCR with primers specific for Chlorella 18S rDNA was to measure concentrations of Chlorella an indicator of phytoplankton abundance at cave springs or in surface channels. Chlorella is also a constituent of lampenflora, and qRT-PCR will soon be applied in la mpenflora growth experiments; 2) Environmental DNA was extracted fro m cave sediments


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 34 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 or artificial substrates and bacterial 16S rDNA was amplified with universal bacterial primers. Bacterial 16S rDNA con centrations were measured and bacterial community phylogenetic trees were derived for each study site; and 3) qRT-PCR of Bacteroides 16S rDNA is being investigated to quantify and identify fecal contami nation sources. Further analysis of the Bacteroides from different fecal samples illustrates that qRT-PCR coupled with other techniques can identify animal hosts responsible for point source fecal pollution in cav es and karst aquifers. FRANK (J. H.) & THOMAS (M. C.), 2010. Rove Beetles of the World, Staphylinidae (Insecta: Coleoptera: Staphylinidae). EENY-114 (IN271), 10 p. FRAVAL (A.), 2010. Les pingles entomologiques. Alain Fraval, publi le 14 avril 2010, 396 p. RS: Disponible en versions papier et informatique (pdf) sur: Qu'on fait les Insectes pendant les dix dernires annes? Publies au fur et mesure sur le site "OPIE-Insectes" ( rubrique pingles), 626 brves tires au jour le jour de l'actualit gr and public appeles "pingles" sont rassembles dans ce recueil. Des l ments varis d'entomologie gnrale, mdicale, systmatique, agr icole, aquatique, vtrinaire, socitale, militaire… Des sujets merg ents, originaux, rcurrents… Les Insectes sauvages, ceux d'levage, ceux des villes et des champs, les menacs, les envahisseurs, les protgs les vecteurs, les jouets, les Insectes gntiquement modifis, les di sparus et les rapparus. Des nouvelles rassurantes, surprenantes, inquitant es, intressantes, piquantes, tranges… de tout un monde. lire la file, en papillonnant ou partir des index. Freshwater Biological Association (FBA), 2010. Course Programme 2010. Identification courses from the specialists. 8 p. FRESNEDA (J.), BOURDEAU (C.) & FAILLE (A.), 2010. Descripcin de Bathysciola liqueana sp. n. de los Pirineos centrales (Francia). Designacin de lectotipos y da tos de distribucin de las especies del grupo de B. meridionalis (Jacquelin du Val, 1854) (Insecta, Coleoptera, Leio didae, Cholevinae, Leptodirini) [Description of Bathysciola liqueana n. sp. from the central Pyrenees. Designation of lectotypes and distribution data for species of the B. meridionalis group (Jacquelin du Val, 1854) (Insecta, Coleoptera, Leiodidae, Cholevinae, Leptodirini)]. Animal Biodiversity and Conservation 33(2):131-142. ABS: We describe a new species of the genus Bathysciola Jeannel, 1910 ( B. liqueana n. sp.) belonging to the meridionalis group. It was collected in a subterranean environment, in Liqu cave, Larroque massif, Moulis, Arige, France. The closest species is Bathysciola meridionalis (Jacquelin du Val, 1854), also known from Arige. The new spec ies differs mainly in morphological characteristics of the aedeagus: s hort, wide, with rounded apex in B. liqueana n. sp. whereas it is long, narrow, with pointed apex in B. meridionalis We discuss the taxonomical position of the new species and provide illustrations of struct ures showing the differences between the two species, along with dis tribution data, including for B. finismillennii Fresneda & Salgado, 2006. We designate lectotypes of B. meridionalis and B. nitidula Normand, 1907. KW: Coleoptera, Leiodidae, Bathysciola meridionalis group, Pyrenees. RES: Se describe una nueva especie del gnero Bathysciola Jeannel, 1910 ( B. liqueana sp. n.) que pertenece al grupo meridionalis ". Se ha encontrado en medio subterrneo, en la Grotte de Li qu, macizo de Larroque, Moulis, Arige, Francia. La especie ms s imilar es Bathysciola meridionalis (Jacquelin du Val, 1854), tambin descubierta en A rige. Los caracteres distintivos se encuentran bsicament e en el edeago: es corto, ancho, con el pice redondeado en B. liqueana sp. n. y largo, estrecho, con el pice puntiagudo en B. meridionalis Se discute su posicin taxonmica y se completa el estudio con il ustraciones de las estructuras que permiten distinguir estos txones, as como tambin los datos de distribucin de que se dispone, incluyendo tambin a B. finismillennii Fresneda & Salgado, 2006. Se designan los lectotip os de B. meridionalis y de B. nitidula Normand, 1907. PC: Coleoptera, Leiodidae, Bathysciola Grupo meridionalis ", Pirineos. 76 FRESNEDA (J.), BOURDEAU (C.) & FAILLE (A.), 2010. Sobre la presencia de Catops subfuscus Kellner, 1846 en los Pirineos (Coleoptera, Leiodidae, Cholevinae, Ca topini) [On the presence of Catops subfuscus Kellner, 1846 in the Pyrenees (Coleoptera, Leiodidae, Cholevinae, Catopi ni)] [Sobre la presencia de Catops subfuscus Kellner, 1846 en los Pirineos (Coleoptera, Leiodidae, Cholevinae, Catopini)]. Arxius de Miscellnia Zoolgica 8:9-14. ABS: We provide new distribution data for Catops subfuscus Kellner, 1846. We update the geonemy of the species and, based on rec ent data, we confirm its presence in the subterranean environment on bot h sides of the Pyrenean massif. Illustrations of the aedeagus and a distribution map are provided. KW: Cholevinae, Catops subfuscus Subterranean environment, Pyrenees. RES: Se aportan nuevos datos de distribuc in de Catops subfuscus Kellner, 1846. Se actualiza su geonemia confirmand o con datos recientes su presencia en el medio subterrneo de a mbas vertientes del macizo pirenaico. Se completa el estudio con ilustr aciones del edeago y un mapa de distribucin. PC: Cholevinae, Catops subfuscus Medio subterrneo, Pirine. ticiaGaleriaDetall Ctl/0,4702,418159056_418911889_1_1327683541_1327683 523,00.html ?accio=detall FRESNEDA (J.) & DUPR (.), 2010. Nafarroa sorogainensis n. g. n. sp., un nuevo Leptodirini hipgeo de los Pirineos navarros (Espaa) (Coleoptera: Leiodid ae: Cholevinae). Heteropterus Revista de Entomologa 10(1):1-14. RES: Se descrive un nuevo gnero y una nueva especi e de un Leptodirini de cuevas del norte de Espaa. FRESNEDA (J.), FERY (H.) & FAILLE (A.), 2010. El complejo de Bathysciola ovata (Kiesenwetter, 1850): designacin de lectotipos, establecimiento de sinon imias y consideraciones taxonmicas y corolgicas (Coleopte ra, Leiodidae, Cholevinae, Leptodirini). Boletn de la Sociedad Entomolgica Aragonesa 46:95-104. RES: Se revisan los taxones del complejo de Bathysciola ovata (Kiesenwetter, 1850), aportando varias sinonimias y un n. stat. Se citan algunas cavidades donde se ha capturado especies de este co mplejo. oletin46.htm FRESNEDA (J.), GREBENNIKOV (V. V.) & RIBERA (I.), 2010. The geographic and phylogenetic limits of Leptodirini:152-153. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August -3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961269-286-5. ABS: The tribe Leptodirini of the family Leiodidae includes one of the most extensive known radiations of subterranean beetles, with almost 900 species in ca. 240 genera. The highest diversity of the tribe is found in the Mediterranean basin, i n particular in the north and east of the Iberian peninsula, Corsica and Sard inia, the southern Alps, Balkan peninsula, Romania and Southern Russia, the Caucasus, Middle East and Iran. The monophyly of the western Palaear ctic Leptodirini is well supported both from morphological and molecula r characters, but there are a number of genera outside this geographi cal area that have usually been linked with Leptodirini based either o n their general appearance or in some specific characters, but are of uncertain phylogenetic position. The recent finding of specim ens of two of these genera ( Fusi and Sciaphyes ) by one of us (VVG) in the Siberian far East, and the accessibility to specimens of another ( Platycholeus ) allowed us a reexamination of their phylogenetic relationships, and a more precise delimitation of both the geographic and phylogeneti c limits of Leptodirini. FRESSEL (N.), VORC (P.), KIPSON (M.), ZRN I n (V.) & HAMIDOVI n (D.), 2010. Activity and roosting ecology of mixed colony of Miniopterus schreibersii and Rhinolophus euryale in a cave near Zagreb: improving current bat monitoring and cave management. Poster 73:72. In: 15th International Bat Research Conference, Prague, 22-27 August 2010, the conference manual: Programme, abstracts, list of participants, edited by: Ivan


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 35 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 HOR EK and Petr BENDA, ISBN 978-80-87154-46-5, 380 p. FRESSEL (N.), VORC (P.), KIPSON (M.), ZRN I n (V.) & HAMIDOVI n (D.), 2010. Activity and roosting ecology of a mixed colony of Miniopterus schreibersii and Rhinolophus euryale in a cave near Zagreb: Improving current bat monitoring and cave management:135-136. In: 15th International Bat Research Conference, Prague, 2227 August 2010, the conference manual: Programme, abstracts, list of participants, edited by: Ivan HOR EK and Petr BENDA, ISBN 978-80-87154-46-5, 380 p. ABS: The summer colony of two bat species enhabits the e ntrance part of the Veternica cave, a popular touristical destination o f the Medvednica Nature park in Croatia. The monitoring of the size and status of the colony in the period of 6 months, from early spring until early autumn only confirmed a maternity status of the Rhinolophus euryale colony. Despite microclimatic conditions in the cave being suitable for both species, the sensitivity of the Miniopterus schreibersii to visitor disturbance mightcause the speciesto deserts the ro ost at the critical time just prior togiving birth. Suggestions are made to modify the monitoring programme and cave management to minimise the effec ts of disturbance on the bats. FRICK (W. F.), HOWARD (K. W.), CHILSON (P. B.) & KUNZ (T. H.), 2010. Spatio-temporal variability in nightly dispersal patterns of Tadarida brasiliensis : Modeling bat movements in 3D:136. In: 15th International Bat Research Conference, Prague, 22-27 August 2010, the conference manual: Programme, abstracts, list of participants, edited by: Ivan HOR EK and Petr BENDA, ISBN 978-80-87154-46-5, 380 p. ABS: We examine spatio-temporal variation in foraging dynamics of B razilian free-tailed bats ( Tadarida brasiliensis ) in south-central Texas, demonstrating the potential of radar aeroecology for advancing unders tanding of ecological interactions in the aerosphere. Brazilian free-tail ed bats disperse nightly in dense columns from cave and bridge roosts and fo rage at high altitudes (300-2500 m AGL) over large spatial extents that ar e easily detectable with Doppler weather radar (WSR-88D) installations. Understanding variation in emergence behavior of Brazilian free-t ailed bats provides a model system for testing hypotheses about the influ ence of abiotic factors on the dynamics of group behavior. Using high resol ution Level II NEXRAD radar products, we test hypotheses about the influence of weather conditions such as surface temperature, pre cipitation and cloud cover on timing and relative density of bat emergen ces to determine how atmospheric cues determine group behavior and forag ing dynamics of an aerial nocturnal predator. We visualize bat emergen ces in 3-dimensional space and investigate seasonal variation in emergen ce behavior. In addition, we highlight the utility of radar visuali zations for generating new hypotheses about foraging behavior of aerial sp ecies by demonstrating how radar makes it possible to "obser ve" behavior at temporal and spatial scales not previously possible FRICK (W. F.), POLLOCK (J. F.), HICKS (A. C.), LANGWIG (K. E.), REYNOLDS (D. S.), TURNER (G. G.), BUTCHKOSKI (C. M.) & KUNZ (T. H.), 2010. An emerging disease causes regional population collaps e of a common North American bat species. Science 329(August 6):679-682. DOI: ABS: White-nose syndrome (WNS) is an emerging disease affecting hib ernating bats in eastern North America that causes mass mortality an d precipitous population declines in winter hibernacula. First di scovered in 2006 in New York State, WNS is spreading rapidly across eas tern North America and currently affects seven species. Mortality asso ciated with WNS is causing a regional population collapse and is predi cted to lead to regional extinction of the little brown myotis ( Myotis lucifugus ), previously one of the most common bat species in North America. Novel diseases can have serious impacts on nave wildlife populations, whic h in turn can have substantial impacts on ecosystem integrity. FRICK (W. F.), REYNOLDS (D. S.) & KUNZ (T. H.), 2010. Influence of climate and reproductive timing on demography of little brown myotis Myotis lucifugus Journal of Animal Ecology 79:128-136. DOI: FRIEDRICH (M.), RAI (P.), BARRETT (R.), DAINES (B.) & CHEN (R.), 2010. The blind cave beetle that isn't: histological, behavioral and molecular evidence of functional photoreceptors in Ptomaphagus hirtus :153-154. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: The small carrion beetle genus Ptomaphagus diversified into more than 50 species, which range from ancestral surface dweller s to facultative and obligatory cave inhabitants in the Southeast of the United States. One of the best-studied representatives is the troglobite Ptomaphagus hirtus which is endemic to the cave system of Mammoth Cave National Park. P. hirtus adults are characterized by complete reduction of t he hind wings and near complete reduction of the compound eye to a small lens patch. In his survey of North American cave animals, Packa rd (1888) was unable to detect photoreceptors or optic neuropils in sections of the adult head of P. hirtus which led him to conclude that P. hirtus lacks visual senses. This assessment, however, is in conflict wi th the subsequent discovery that the specification of lens cells in t he developing insect compound eye is dependent on inductive signals from differentiating photoreceptors. We therefore readdressed the questi on whether P. hirtus possesses a functional visual system. In serial sec tions of the adult head, we found organized cell clusters immediately beneat h the lens patch cuticle. These cell clusters are separated from the head cavity by a basal membrane, which is penetrated by optic nerve like s tructure reminiscent of the organization of the retina in surface beetle species. Consistent with the presumed presence of photoreceptors, P. hirtus tested negatively phototactic in light versus dark choice assays. In addition, deep sequencing of transcripts from P. hirtus adult head tissue recovered orthologs of genes, which are known to be specifica lly involved in phototransduction including opsins. In combination, these data suggest the presence of functional photoreceptors and the p reservation of visual capacity in P. hirtus FUJITA (N.), MILLER (A.), MILLER (G.), GERSHMAN (K.), GALLAGHER (N.), MARANO (N.), HALE (C.) & JENTES (E.), 2010. Imported Case of Marburg Hemorrhagic Fever Colorado, 2008. JAMA 303(5, February 3):413-415. FURMAN (A.), POSTAWA (T.), ZTUN (T.) & ORAMAN (E.), 2010. Cryptic diversity of the bentwing bat, Miniopterus schreibersii (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae), in Asia Minor. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2010, 10:121. DOI: BL: Cf p. 2: "We refer to the matrilineal lineages of M. schreibersii as M. s. schreibersii (type locality: Kolumbacs cave, Romania; Kuhl, 181 7) and M. s. pallidus (type locality: South coast of Caspian Sea, Iran; Thomas, 1907). FUSZARA (E.), FUSZARA (M.), KOWALSKI (M.), LESI SKI (G.), CYGAN (J. P.), NITKIEWICZ (T.), SZARLIK (A.) & WOJTOWICZ (B.), 2010. Population changes in natterer's Bat Myotis nattereri and daubenton's bat M. daubentonii in winter roosts of central Poland. Polish Journal of Ecology 58(4):769-782. GAISLER (J.), KOVA K (M.), EHK (Z.), ZIMA (J.) & ZUKAL (J.), 2010. Bats and bat research in the Moravian Karst: 1850-2010:139-140. In: 15th International Bat Research Conference, Prague, 22-27 August 2010, the conference manual: Programme, abstracts, list of participants, edited by: Ivan HOR EK and Petr BENDA, ISBN 978-80-87154-46-5, 380 p. ABS: The Moravian Karst (MK) is a 24 km long and 2 to 6 km w ide area of Devonian limestones with over 1000 natural caves. S cientific interest in bats of these caves started after F. A. Kolenati, a Czech physician and great naturalist, came to Brno in 1849. Within the 2nd half of the 19th


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 36 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 century, 12 species, and, within the 1st half of the 20th century, 14 species of bats were recorded. At present, 22 bat species a re known from the MK territory, 17 of them hibernating in caves. Among t hem, Rhinolophus hipposideros Myotis myotis M. emarginatus and Barbastella barbastellus are the most abundant. In the years 1957-1980 hibe rnating bats were marked and recaptured, since 1981 the num bers of bats found in underground shelters have been monitored without marking or other disturbance except by short-time illumination. In a ddition to caves, bats were sampled in buildings for various purposes, suc h as to study their reproduction, and in 1992-2001, summer occurrence o f bats in buildings was recorded by checking 222 lofts, attics and simi lar roof spaces on the territory of the MK. Flight activity and seasonal c hanges in the visits to caves by bats have been studied since 1971 by mistnetting. In different habitats of the MK, flight activity of bats has bee n recorded by ultrasound detectors since 1991. New methods such as the doubl e infrared light barrier have been applied to record seasonal and ov ernight changes in flight activity of bats since 1997, together with a utomatically recorded values of temperature and other climatic factors. I n this paper, new results of monitoring the dynamics of bat numbers within th e last decades and a recent discovery of a complete albino R. hipposideros will be reported. GALN (C.), 2010. Evolucin de la fauna caverncola: mecanismos y procesos que explican el origen de las especies troglobias? February. slike/jonop/alidel/& tx_ttnews[pointer]=1&cHash=e60a983f81 GALN (C.), 2010. Pensamiento sistmico y matrices de racionalidad en Bioespeleologa, Ciencia y Medio Ambiente August. slike/jonop/alidel/& tx_ttnews[pointer]=1&cHash=e60a983f81 GALN (C. A.) & NIETO (M.), 2010. Mycetozoa: Extraas formas de vida en cuevas de Gipuzkoa. Nuevos hallaz gos en karsts en caliza urgoniana en Aizkorri (Igitegi) Izarraitz (Aixa) y Udalaitz (Montxon Koba). October. L=4\\\' and 1=1 -GALN (C. A.), NIETO (M.) & MARTIN (C. V.), 2010. Recubrimientos de microorganismos (Mycetozoa) y espeleotemas en una cueva en caliza jursica de la cuenca del ro Leizarn (Gipuzkoa, Pas Vasco). September. L=4\\\' and 1=1 -GALDENZI (S.), COCCHIONI (F.), FILIPPONI (G.), MORICHETTI (L.), SCURI (S.), SELVAGGIO (R.) & COCCHIONI (M.), 2010. The sulfidic thermal caves of Acquasanta Terme (central Italy). Journal of Cave and Karst Studies 72(1, April):43-58. DOI: GALLARDO (T.) & LVAREZ COBELAS (M.), 2010. Bibliografa Botnica Ibrica, 2009. Phycophyta. Botanica Complutensis 34:117-120. GANDIN (M.), 2010. Deux cavits Chiroptres du Fumlois. Splo-Dordogne 190(2e trimestre 2009, dpt lgal: Octobre 2010):18-20. GARCA (N.), CUTTELOD (A.) & ABDUL MALAK (D.), 2010. The Status and Distribution of Freshwater Biodiversity in Northern Africa. Gland, Switzerland, Cambridge, UK, and Malaga, Spain: IUCN, 2010. xiii + 141 p. ISBN: 978-2-8317-1271-0, GARCA (N.), CUTTELOD (A.) & ABDUL MALAK (D.), eds. ec=frontcover# v=onepage&q&f=false GARCA (R.), 2010. Resea Bibliogrfica: Fauna Caverncola de Gran canaria, secretos del mundo subterrneo Vulcania 9:? t&view=article&i d=61&Itemid=22 GARCA-RAWLINS (A.), NASSAR (J. M.) & SIMAL (F.), 2010. Dynamics of cave use by cave-dwelling bats in arid and semiarid zones in Northern Venezuela:52. I n: 15th International Bat Research Conference, Prague, 22-2 7 August 2010, the conference manual: Programme, abstracts, list of participants, edited by: Ivan HOR EK and Petr BENDA, ISBN 978-80-87154-46-5, 380 p. GARCA-RAWLINS (A.), NASSAR (J. M.) & SIMAL (F.), 2010. Dynamics of cave use by cave-dwelling bats in arid and semiarid zones in northern Venezuela:142. In: 15th International Bat Research Conference, Prague, 2227 August 2010, the conference manual: Programme, abstracts, list of participants, edited by: Ivan HOR EK and Petr BENDA, ISBN 978-80-87154-46-5, 380 p. ABS: Like in the rest of the Neotropics, arid and semiar id zones in Venezuela and the Caribbean are under variable degrees of thr eat, mainly produced by abrupt land cover changes and development. Bats generate important ecosystem services in these types of habitats, incl uding pollination, seed dispersal and enormous consumption of insects. Cave -dwelling bats are the most affected for human activities, mainly beca use they can be grouped into large colonies, especially during the reproductive season, being more vulnerable to vandalism. In order to pro pose and implement management measures to protect cave-dwelling specie s in xeric ecosystems, we need to identify which caves are use d as shelters and how these are being used throughout time. We identified 13 caves used as bat roosts among northern Venezuela (9) and Bonaire, Ne therland Antilles (4). We monitored each cave bimonthly, during one y ear. Physical and microenvironmental characterization was made, simul taneously with bat captures using mist nets to determine species compo sition and estimate their relative abundance in each roost. A GIS was g enerated including location and biological information of each cave. A total of 14 bats species were registered (3-7 spp./cave). Temporal c hanges in bat presence and species composition in the caves were particula rly evident in three of the surveyed caves (1 Bonaire, 2 Venezuela). These caves contain the largest colonies, in some cases, maternity colonies Temporal differences are mainly caused by the migratory, nectar-feeding species, Leptonycteris curasoae With the information obtained we are designing a calendar indicating periods at which each bat roost is more susceptible to human disturbances and an index to assess the levels of s usceptibility. We determined that between June and August is the time window of highest sensitivity for many species in the region, therefo re extreme protective measures should be applied in some of the caves. GARGOMINY (O.), 2010. Rfrentiel taxonomique de la faune, la flore et la fonge de France mtropolitain e et d'outre-mer. TAXREF v3.0 Sources. Musum national d'Histoire naturelle (MNHN), Service du Patrimoine Naturel (SPN). Lundi 20 Septembre 2010, 22 p. GAUCHON (C.), 2010. Le coin des livres. Analyse de l'ouvrage: Stage national "quipier scientifique 2008", grotte de Gournier Rapport coordonn par Didier CAILHOL, F. F. S. (E. F. S. et Commission Scientifi que), 76 p. Spelunca 117(Mars, 1er trimestre):58. GAZARYAN (S.), 2010. Distribution and migratory status of Pipistrellus pipistrellus and P. pygmaeus in the Russian Caucasus:144. In: 15th International Bat Research Conference, Prague, 22-27 August 2010, the conferen ce manual: Programme, abstracts, list of participants, edited by: Ivan HOR EK and Petr BENDA, ISBN 978-8087154-46-5, 380 p. ABS: I analyzed 113 time-expanded records of echolocation calls, presumably emitted by Pipistrellus pipistrellus or P. pygmaeus to clarify the distribution of these species in t he Russian portion of the Caucasus and in Cis-Caucasia. Since 2006, the calls were recorded in 47 locations; bats of studied species w ere mist-netted in 28 of them. The following six parameters were measured fr om each call: start frequency (SF), end frequency (EF), middle frequenc y (MF), frequency of maximum energy (FMAX), duration (D) and inter-pu lse interval (IPI). Calls of 20 hand-released bats of each species were used to classify the remaining field records with discriminant function analysis. As a result, presence of P. pipistrellus and P. pygmaeus were confirmed in 35 and 39 locations respectively, both species were found tog ether in 17 locations. Occurrence of P. pipistrellus was revealed in all investigated parts of the Russian Caucasus, when P. pygmaeus wasn't yet found in its central part. P. pygmaeus is similar with long-distance migrants by the seas onal


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 37 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 variation in sex ratio. Female bats slightly predom inate during spring and autumn, but are exceptionally rare from late May to mid-August. Moreover, I failed to reveal breeding colonies, lac tating females or subadult bats in the studied area. This suggests sp ecies' migrations outside the region. At the same time, lactating fem ales and young bats prevailed in summer records of P. pipistrellus Its breeding colonies are known from forests in the Caucasus and in the flood -plains of Ciscaucasia. Both species of pipistrelle hibernate in the Russian Caucasus. P. pipistrellus have been recorded hibernating in crevices of rocks and buildings, as well as in caves. Winter ro osts of P. pygmaeus still unknown, but echolocation calls of active bat s are often recorded during thaws. Probably, P. pygmaeus hibernates in tree holes in the areas with a mild climate, and this could explain its abs ence in the Central Caucasus. GELHAUS (M.) & ZAHN (A.), 2010. Roosting ecology, phenology and foraging habitats of a nursery colony of Pipistrellus nathusii in the southwestern part of its reproduction range. Vespertilio 13/14:93-102. General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean (GFCM) Commission Gnrale des Pches pour la Mditerrane (CGPM), 2010. Scientific Advisory Committee (SAC). Twelfth Session. Budva, Montenegro 25-29 January 2010. Report of the Transversal Works hop on Selectivity Improvement and Bycatch Reduction (available only in English), Tunis, Tunisia, 23-25 September 2009. GEOFFROY (J.-J.), 2010. Sandro RUFFO (26 Aot 1915 2010). SIBIOS-ISSB Newsletter 7(2006-2010):47. GEOFFROY (J.-J.) & COINEAU (Y.), 2010. Pierre RVEILLET, 8 Juillet 1924 20 Juin 2007. SIBIOS-ISSB Newsletter 7(2006-2010):35-36. GEOFFROY (J.-J.) & IORIO (.), 2010. The French soiland cave-dwelling centipedes (Chilopoda): updated checklist and distribution in mainland France, Cors ica and Monaco, with emphasis on subterranean fauna, conservation purposes and regional biodiversity:132 -133, poster presentation. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August -3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961269-286-5. ABS: According to field investigations and research es in collections conducted during the last period 1997-2 009, this work provides an update on the checklist, taxonomic stat us and distribution of the class Chilopoda in France (s. l.). The area com prises three entities recognised by the Fauna Europaea Project: French Ma inland, Corsica and Monaco. Lapses or inaccuracies in the presence of s pecies in the territory have been updated. The proposed checklist reminds s everal recent synonymies, species recently collected in France or taxa recently described. The updated French centipede fauna compr ises 140 taxa (136 species and 4 subspecies). Among them, 1 species be longs to the order Scutigeromorpha (<1% of the Chilopoda); 63 taxa (60 species and 3 subspecies) belong to the order Lithobiomorpha (45% of the Chilopoda); 9 species belong to the order Scolopendromorpha (6% of the Chilopoda); 67 taxa (66 species and 1 subspecies) belong to the order Geophilomorpha (48% of the Chilopoda). In order to improve the checklist, the presence in France or the validity o f several taxa must be definitively confirmed. In addition, several specie s described from edaphic and subterranean compartments must be revis ed. On the ther hand, several species not formally listed in France but distributed in adjacent areas are strongly suspected to be collect ed in French Mainland in the near future, among them Eupolybothrus excellens (Silvestri), Eupolybothrus tridentinus (Fanzago), Lithobius ambulotentus Demange & Serra, Lithobius derouetae Demange, Lithobius nodulipes Latzel, Lithobius schubarti Demange, Geophilus pygmaeus Latzel. Taxa still undescribed could also certainly be discovered from some poorly-known parts of the country, noteworthy from caves and sub terranean systems (s. l.). The ecological and patrimonial status of speci es is specified, particularly regarding troglophilic and troglobioti c taxa among the chilopod community. Several highly troglomorphic ta xa, linked with a high degree of endemism are selected and proposed a s good candidates for major patrimonial interest and conservation mea sures, such as for instance Lithobius cavernicola Fanzago, Lithobius cherpinedensis Iorio, Lithobius fagniezi Ribaut, Lithobius henroti Demange, Lithobius raffaldi Iorio, Lithobius scotophilus Latzel, Lithobius speluncarum Fanzago, Lithobius typhlus Latzel, Cryptops Umbricus umbricus Verhoeff, Cryptops umbricus lewisi Iorio, Geophilus persephones Foddai & Minelli. Some of them could be selected for future UICN Red Lists. These results are included in the French Fauna data base "Fauna Gallica Myriapoda", to be forwarded to the "Fauna Europaea" and to the SPNINPNMNHN databases. GEORGE (A. S.), McKENZIE (N. L.) & DOUGHTY (P.), 2010. A Biodiversity Survey of the Pilbara Region of Western Australia, 2002-2007. Edited by GEORGE (A. S.), McKENZIE (N. L.) & DOUGHTY (P.), Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 78. BL: Voir: PINDER (A. M.), HALSE (S. A.), SHIEL (R. J.) & McRA E (J. M.), An arid zone awash with diversity: patterns in the dis tribution of aquatic invertebrates in the Pilbara region of Western Aust ralia:205-246. GEORGIEV (D. G.), 2010. In search of the thermal springs species Bithynia rumelica and Melanopsis parreyssi in Bulgaria. Tentacle 18(January):16-17. GERBER (J.), 2010. Leslie HUBRICHT (1908-2005), His Publications and New Taxa. American Malacological Bulletin 28(1/2, February):15-27. DOI: ABS: Leslie HUBRICHT (1908-2005) was one of the leading experts for the taxonomy, distribution and ecology of terrestrial g astropods of the eastern United States. He published more than 150 papers an d introduced 108 new names for molluscan taxa from this area. Over s ix decades, he amassed a collection of 43000 lots of eastern North American terrestrial gastropods with approximately 500000 specimens, now housed in the Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago. Besides h is work on molluscs, he also did extensive research on freshwa ter crustaceans (Isopoda and Amphipoda) of the eastern U. S., descr ibing 40 new taxa in this group. This paper provides complete lists of H ubricht's publications and of his new taxa in the Mollusca and Crustacea. A brief biographical sketch of HUBRICHT and a list of taxa named for him are also given. KW: Bibliography, Gastropoda, Isopoda, Amphipoda, e astern North America. GIACHINO (P. M.), 2010. From the cavernicolous to the subterranean concept: past and present in Leptodiri nae (Coleoptera, Cholevidae):154. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slove nia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: A brief overview of the evolution of the classification of Cholevidae Leptodirinae is given. It is based on experience acquired in the research of terrestrial subterranean fauna in Greece during the last 20 years. An interpretation of the relationship between fauna and the different spatial components of the Subterranean Environment is discussed. Attention is given to the definition of the subterranean environment in the Euro-Mediterranean area and of its limits, with some of its different components (fiss ure network of the bedrock, MSS and caves). This is compared to the en dogean environment that is characteristic of the soil, and the use of the term "subterranean fauna" is restricted only to the hypogean habitat. Similarly, the faunas associated with the subterranean environment are de fined, as well as the relationship between fauna and fissure network of t he bedrock and the influence of bedrock type and tree cover on fissure network and MSS formation and colonization. Description of methodol ogy and techniques used in the multi-annual research on the subterrane an fauna in Greece and the result obtained concerning Leptodirinae beetles are presented. GIANI (N.), SAMBUGAR (B.), MARTNEZ-ANSEMIL (E.), MARTIN (P.) & SCHMELZ (R.), 2010. Groundwater oligochaetes (Annelida, Clitellata) of Slovenia:75. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August -3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961269-286-5. ABS: Historical data on the biodiversity of oligoch aetes


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 38 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 inhabiting ground waters of Slovenia depict a fauna of approximately 50 species, 20 of which are stygobionts. In the last d ecades, new researches in Slovenian ground waters enabled us to study into more depth the oligochaete fauna of this environment. The studied material resulted from three main sources: a campaign in Slovenian caves c onducted by Fabio STOCH, a large collection of groundwater fauna made available to us by Boris SKET, and samples collected during the Europe an project PASCALIS. The data derived from the examination of this large amount of material enabled us to broaden the faunistic spe ctrum of oligochaetes of Slovenia, as well as to show that the oligochaet e biodiversity in Slovenian ground waters is a substantial fraction o f the European one. Endemic and very rare species constitute a remarkab le proportion of the stygobiont oligochaete fauna. Among these, the gene ra Rhyacodriloides Cernosvitoviella Parvidrilus Trichodrilus and Haber are some of the most outstanding taxa. In Pajsarjeva Cave, which wa s sampled many times over the past 15 years, the sporadic presence of some species, as well as the high rate of presence of stygobionts le ad us to formulate a hypothesis about the relationship between the fauna l data and the hydrogeology of the cave. GIBERT (J.), GEOFFROY (J.-J.) & MESSANA (G.), 2010. Jacques MATHIEU, January 28th 1942 July 27th 2007. SIBIOS-ISSB Newsletter 7(2006-2010):37-42. GILLAM (E. H.), HRISTOVB (N. I.), KUNZ (T. H.) & McCRACKEN (G. F.), 2010. Echolocation behavior of Brazilian free-tailed bats during dense emergence f lights. Journal of Mammalogy 91(4):967-975. DOI: ABS: Brazilian free-tailed bats ( Tadarida brasiliensis ) emerge from cave roosts in dense columns in which adjacent bats are separat ed by only small distances. We describe and quantify variation in th e structure of echolocation calls produced by these emerging bats and determine if call structure changes in relation to the rate of emerge nce measured using thermal infrared imaging. We recorded emergence cal ls at 2 roosts, 1 housing approximately 200000 bats and the other app roximately 17000 bats. We found that Brazilian free-tailed bats emit distinct frequencymodulated (FMstart) and constant frequency (CFstart ) calls during emergence that are significantly different from ech olocation calls they emit while foraging. We propose that these calls pr ovide different information for orientation within the emergence co lumn. CFstart calls are very similar to social calls used by Brazilian free-tailed bats, suggesting 2 potential functions for this call type The structure of both the FMstart and CFstart calls were not related to t he number of bats emerging from a roost, although significant structu ral differences existed between sites. The differences between sites could be associated with the spacing of bats during emergence, because bats appe ared to form tighter columns at the larger roost colony compared to the smaller colony. KW: Bats, echolocation, emergence, Tadarida GINARD (A.), VICENS (D.), ROSSELL" (J. A.), PONS (G. X.), MIR-GUAL (M.), PLA (V.), CRESP (D.), BARCEL" (M. .) & BOVER (P.), 2010. Pteridfits i brifits de les cavitats de la serra de na Burguesa (Serra de Tramuntana, Mallorca). Endins 34:69-86. RES: Se citen els pteridfits i els brifits que s'han observat tant a les cavitats naturals com a les mines i pedreres de la serra de na Burguesa. En comparaci amb la zona central de la serra de Tramuntana, no hi ha un a flora brioftica i pteridoftica relictual, exceptuant Homalia lusitanica i Asplenium scolopendrium que s'han trobat a una nica cavitat, el Clot des Sero. Asplenium sagittatum s'ha observat a 15 cavitats i en una d'aquestes ha desaparegut una poblaci, per causes desconegudes, en un perode d'uns sis anys. Anogramma leptophylla Asplenium petrarchae i Asplenium trichomanes subsp. inexpectans s la primera vegada que se citen en aquesta serra. ABS: We have studied the pteridophyt es and bryophytes observed in natural cavities as well as in mines an d quarries of Na Burguesa mountain range. Compared with the central area of the Tramuntana mountains, it is not present a relictual bryophyte and pteridophyte flora, except Homalia lusitanica and Asplenium scolopendrium found at a single cavity, the Clot des Sero. Asplenium sagittatum was observed in 15 of these cavities and in one of them it was noticed its decline for unknown reasons, during the last six years. Anogramma leptophylla Asplenium petrarchae and Asplenium trichomanes subsp. inexpectans are recorded for the first time in this area. GIRARD-CLAUDON (J.), 2010. volutions rcentes des populations de chiroptres en rgion Rhne-Alpes: e ssai de synthse [Recent evolution of bat populations in RhoneAlpes: a synthesis]. Bulletin mensuel de la Socit linnenne de Lyon hors-srie n 2:? RS: Le groupe des chiroptres compte trente-quatre espces en France. En raison de leurs mÂœurs nocturnes, ces mammifres n'ont t tudis q ue tardivement. En effet, il n'y avait que peu de chiroptrologues dan s la rgion jusqu' la moiti du vingtime sicle. Au cours de la fin de c e sicle, le nombre de spcialistes a considrablement augment et les tec hniques d'tudes des chauves-souris se sont largement dveloppes et div ersifies. Cet article est un essai de synthse sur l'volution des popula tions de chauves-souris en Rhne-Alpes. Nous pouvons distinguer deux priod es diffrentes: Au cours des annes 1950-1960, les populations de chau ves-souris se sont effondres en France, probablement en raison des ac tivits humaines (modification dans les pratiques agricoles, urbanis ation, transport, tourisme souterrain, etc.). Au cours de la fin du vingtime sicle des suivis ont t mis en place progressivement par les chiroptrologues. Malgr le peu de recul, des tendances d'volutions semblent se dgager. Ainsi nous pouvons par exemple dire qu'il semblerai t que les effectifs des populations de rhinolophes ( Rhinolophus hipposideros et R. ferrumequinum ) augmentent, de mme que ceux des murins de grande taille ( Myotis myotis et M. oxygnathus ). Ces interprtations sont toutefois prendre avec prcaution et relativiser avec la taille des populations existantes au dbut du vingtime sicle. Les suivis mis en place actuellement sont maintenir sur le long terme afi n de dtecter toutes nouvelles fluctuations. En parallle les actions de conservation doivent tre poursuivies et amplifies pour viter tout nou veau dclin d'origine anthropique. ABS: The Chiroptera include 34 species in France. As a result of their nocturnal habits, these mammals hav e only lately been studied. Indeed, there were few chiropterologists u ntil the mid-20th century. Throughout the second half of the century the number of specialists has increased considerably and the tech niques of studies of bats widely developed and diversified. This article is an attempt to synthesise information on the evolution of the bat populations in RhoneAlpes. We can distinguish two different periods: i) during the 50's and 60's bat populations collapsed in France, probably as a result of human activity (changes in agricultural practices, urbani sation, transport, subterranean tourism etc.) ii towards the end of the 20th century surveys were progressively implemented by chiropterologists Despite the limited period concerned, the evolutionary trends seem to h ave halted. Thus we can, for instance, state that it appears that the p opulation densities of horseshoe bats ( Rhinolophus hipposideros R. ferrumequinum ) are increasing, as are those of the mouse-eared bats ( Myotis myotis and M. oxygnathus ). These interpretations are nevertheless to be tak en with caution and weighed against the size of populations existing at the beginning of the 20th century. Current studies need to be maintained lon gterm to detect any new fluctuations. In parallel, c onservation measures should be pursued and increased, in order to avoid further decline as a result of human intervention. GIRIBET (G.), VOGT (L.), PREZ GONZLEZ (A.), SHARMA (P.) & KURY (A.), 2010. A multilocus approach to harvestmen phylogeny with emphasis on biogeography and the phylogeny of Laniatores. Cladistics 26(4, August):408-437. GIUDICELLI (J.) & OLIVARI (G.), 2010. Les cours d'eau mditerranens rgime de soutien karstique. Spci ficits cologiques et hydrobiologiques [Mediterranean-type streams supplied from karstic aquifers. Ecological and hydrobiological characteristics]. Ecologia mediterranea 36(1):25-44. RS: Les cours d'eau rgime karstique sont alimen ts par des aquifres souterrains. Leurs caractristiqu es physico-chimiques sont: la faible variabilit des dbits, car les app orts d'eau souterraine assurent des dbits rguliers avec des tiages peu marqus et des crues modres; la temprature de l'eau, basse et constan te sur la totalit ou sur une partie importante du cours; la minralisation leve des eaux de surface, avec de fortes teneurs en calcium. Ces car actristiques confrent aux cours d'eau karstiques des spcificits cologi ques et faunistiques originales, atypiques dans le contexte rgional md iterranen. Le prsent article porte sur quatre cours d'eau rgime karst ique: l'Argens (Var), la Siagne et le Loup (Alpes-Maritimes), les Sorgues (V aucluse). Il met en vidence leur originalit hydrocologique et surtou t les particularits de leur peuplement analyses travers la faune de mac roinvertbrs. La


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 39 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 communaut des invertbrs de ces cours d'eau karst iques est domine en effectifs par des taxons qui ncessitent une concen tration importante en calcium (Crustacs Gammaridae, Coloptres Elmidae, Gastropodes). Une des particularits faunistiques les plus remarq uables, commune ces cours d'eau, est la prsence d'espces stnothermes d'eau froide qui vivent habituellement dans le crnal et le rhithral des co urs d'eau de montagne, des altitudes bien suprieures celles o elles on t t rcoltes dans les cours d'eau karstiques. Une analyse comparative du statut cologique de 11 espces stnothermes, que l'on trouve la fois dans les cours d'eau de rgime karstique et dans les cours d'eau de type m diterranen, a t ralise. De plus, les cours d'eau recevant les app orts des systmes karstiques hbergent des populations qui, du fait d e leur caractre stnotherme, se sont trouves isoles par rapport a ux cours d'eau mditerranens adjacents. Ceci explique la prsence d'espces endmiques. En dfinitive, les cours d'eau de rgim e karstique, bien qu'ils soient assez nombreux, sont atypiques dans la rgio n mditerranenne. On y trouve des conditions hydrologiques, thermique s et des peuplements (ripisylves, biocnoses, populations) qui sont habi tuellement prsents dans des cours d'eau de montagne et dans des cours d'eau mdioeuropens. MC: Eaux courantes, karst, hydrologie, t emprature, chimie des eaux, hydrobiologie, invertbrs, sud-est Franc e. ABS: Seasonnality and variability in rainfall is the principal attrib ute of Mediterranean-type climate. As a consequence, Mediterranean-type strea ms exhibit strong seasonnal variability which can lead to extreme con ditions of flooding and drying. Large areas of karst geology occur in t he Mediterranean region, consequently large amounts of water may be stored in subterranean aquifers; so, many karstic streams occ ur in Mediterraneanclimate areas. Karstic streams are lotic habitats s upplied from underground water in contrast to surface run-off, a nd this gives them some characteristics quite different from those of other true Mediterranean streams; mainly, water conditions are more regular and uniform. Karstic streams, vary little in flow volum e and temperature all year round (the temperature fluctuates by only a fe w degrees, even in areas with cold winters and warm summers; summer te mperatures seldom exceed 20C). Moreover, water issuing from sediment ary rocks, such as limestones, contains large amount of dissolved salt s, notably calcium bicarbonate; these streams are liable to deposit ca lcium carbonate (tufa concretions). The present paper concerns four karst ic watercourses in Provence (South-East France); it relates the influe nce of the ground water supplying on hydrology, ecology and hydrobiology of streams issuing from limestone formations. The peculiarities of the se streams and the specificities of their animal community, analized t hrough the knowledge of their macroinvertebrate fauna, are pointed out. In the studied karstic streams, the invertebrate community is dominated in numbers by taxa (Crustacea Gammarus Coleoptera Elmidae, Gasteropoda) regularly found in strongly mineralized water-courses with hi gh Ca contents; these taxa have always been found associated. In addition to that, two species of Diptera Simuliids, Simulium xanthinum and S. galloprovinciale occur on tufa (from Spain to Libanon). One of the most no teworthy faunal peculiarity, common to karstic hydrologic regime wa tercourses, is the occcurence of a lot of coldstenothermous invertebra tes which usually live at higher altitudes in mountain streams and in spri ngs. Their occurrence in Mediterranean streams at middle and low altitude s is atypic. This peculiarity is correlated with thermal regime of th e karstic streams which appear as cold enclaves in the Mediterranean region The ecology of 11 cold-stenothermous species (1 Planarian, 3 Ephemero ptera, 2 Plecoptera, 4 Trichoptera, 1 Blepharicerid) which are both inha bitants of karstic and of non-karstic streams in the same mediterranean re gion (South-East France) is compared. The invertebrate community of karstic streams also contains some endemic species. The most worthy of n ote is Rhyacophila vallisclausae, a caddisfly (Trichoptera) which live s in the upper reach of the river Sorgue. This species, belonging to the Eu ropean group of R. vulgaris is clearly distinguished from all species in this group by the strongly marked brachyptery of specimens; it appear s to be a relic remnant of an ice age fauna which could survive in an aquatic environment characterized by its remarquable cold s tenothermy. KW: Running waters, karst system, thermic, chemistry, h ydrobiology, benthic invertebrates, south-east France. GLER (P.) & PEŠI n (V.), 2010. The freshwater Snails of the genus Bythinella Moquin-Tandon (Gastropoda: Rissooidea: Hydrobiidae) from Montenegro. Archives of Biological Sciences 62(2):441-447. DOI: ABS: New records of freshwater snails of the genus Bythinella Moquin-Tandon from Montenegro are presented. Bythinella dispersa 1973 and B. luteola Radoman, 1976 are recognized and defined as separat e species; B. taraensis n. sp., which lives partially sympatric with B. dispersa in the canyon of the River Tara, is described as new. All Bythinella spp. in Montengro inhabit the Dinaric part of the Black Sea drainage area, while it is practically absent from the Adriatic drainage area. KW: Montenegro, Bythinella dispersa Bythinella luteola Bythinella taraensis n. sp. GOATER (S.), GARDNER (A.) & KNOTT (B.), 2010. Are stygofauna really protected in Western Australia?:8 5. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICS B 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: The protection of ecological communities within ground water, as d istinct from groundwater-dependent surface ecosystems, is relati vely novel in water resource management policy. Given the international focus on protection of ground water communities, it is pleasing to note that Australia, in particular Western Australia (WA), is considered am ong the scientific community as world leading in its recognition of th e need to protect groundwater resources and their dependent ecosystem s through water resource policy. In WA, there is considerable regul atory focus currently on the protection of groundwater-dependent stygofau na as competing priorities to develop groundwater resources for hum an use begin to be realised. Accordingly, in the past 10 years, collab oration between speleologists, scientists, and government instituti ons has been matched by increased regulatory focus requiring commercial a nd industrial proponents to fund surveillance programs to inform proposals undergoing Environmental Impact Assessments (EIA) by the Envir onmental Protection Authority (EPA). Yet, contrary to extern al perceptions, the collaboration has not been without its difficulties due to inconsistent application of the EPA guidance by administrative a uthorities and a general uncertainty over a proponent's legal obliga tions towards protecting stygofauna. During the years 2005-2009 I investigated whether the regulatory framework in WA, ostensibly designed to protect stygofauna, really achieves that objective specif ically in the context of abstraction of ground water for the town of Exmouth in northern WA. Particularly, I sought to unravel the confusion ove r legal and regulatory responsibilities towards stygofauna conservation an d clarify the true statutory protection afforded to these animals unde r national and WA State laws. Here, I discuss: (i) an overview of his toric and present-day Commonwealth and WA State legislation providing dir ectly or indirectly for protection of stygofauna; (ii) inconsistencies and/or limitations of administrative and policy documents used to regulat e stygofauna conservation; and, (iii) avenues for improving link s between regulatory, scientific and societal groups to better protect st ygofauna in Australia. GODLEVSKA (L.), GHAZALI (M.), KHOKHLOVA (A.) & TYSHCHENKO (V.), 2010. Bat key underground sites in eastern Crimea, Ukraine: Numbers, threats and future:150-151. In: 15th International Bat Research Conference, Prague, 22-27 August 2010, the conferen ce manual: Programme, abstracts, list of participants, edited by: Ivan HOR EK and Petr BENDA, ISBN 978-8087154-46-5, 380 p. ABS: In 2000 Ukrainian bat-workers started a systematical work on survey and inventory of bat fa una of the Crimean peninsula (southern Ukraine), mainly in connection with bat underground roosts. Unique large bat aggregations were discover ed in underground cavities of eastern Crimea: nine important bat site s were found. All of them are anthropogenic, mostly represented by limes tone mines of different length (up to 50 km). In summer, the site s are used by ca. 26000 bat individuals, represented mostly by maternity an d male colonies of Myotis blythii and Rhinolophus ferrumequinum The most detailed census in winter 2010 revealed more than 21000 bat individ uals (ca. 79% M. blythii 20% R. ferrumequinum ). Besides these two species three more were found regularly: Myotis mystacinus Plecotus austriacus Eptesicus serotinus It was revealed that most of cavities are importa nt bat mating sites. Evidently, all the sites are located at the relatively small area (a distance between the outermost sites is 75 km) and may create a united roost complex. The bat aggregations are the biggest in Ukraine. However, all of them are under constant threats. Among them there are: attendance cavities by people and directed full or partial blo cking of entrances, leading to closing of cavities for bats or to criti cal changes in existing favorable for bats microclimatic conditions. A char acteristic feature of many mine objects is presence of the great number o f entrances. Thus, standard methods of protection (by putting grilles or fences at their entrances) are not applicable here. A work on conse rvation of the sites,


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 40 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 that as well includes reserving sites by giving the m an official status of protected objects, has been started. GOFFREDO (S.), GASPARINI (G.), MARCONI (G.), PUTIGNANO (M. T.), PAZZINI (C.) & ZACCANTI (F.), 2010. Gonochorism and planula brooding in the Mediterranean endemic orange coral Astroides calycularis (Scleractinia: Dendrophylliidae). Morphological asp ects of gametogenesis and ontogenesis. Marine Biology Research 6(5):421-436. DOI: BL: Cf p. 422-423, Astroides calycularis is found at depths of 0-50 m (Rossi, 1971), but is typically found in the shallow infral ittoral (0-15 m depth), on vertical walls or inside caves (Kruzic & al., 20 02)". GOLOVATCH (S. I.), GEOFFROY (J.-J.) & MAURIS (J.-P.), 2010. Review of the Millipede Genus Pacidesmus Golovatch, 1991, with Descriptions of Three New Spe cies from Caves in Southern China (Diplopoda: Polydesmid a: Polydesmidae). Tropical Natural History 10(2, October):159-169. ABS: The small Southeast to East Asian genus Pacidesmus currently encompasses seven species, all keyed and mapped, including three new from caves in Guangxi Province, China: P. tiani n. sp., P. bedosae n. sp. and P. armatus n. sp. All six congeners from southern China have only been found in caves, all l ikely representing troglobites, whereas the sole epigean species is kn own from a highmontane forest in northern Thailand. Such a vast di sjunction is certainly due to undercollecting, also meaning a far more div erse fauna of Pacidesmus to actually exist. KW: Diplopoda, Pacidesmus new species, key, cave, China. tml GOLOVATCH (S. I.), MIKHALJOVA (E. V.), KORS"S (Z.) & CHANG (H.-W.), 2010. The Millipede Family Haplodesmidae (Diplopoda, Polydesmida) Recorded in Taiwan for the First Time, with the Description of a New Species. Tropical Natural History 10(1, April):27-36. tml GONZLEZ-GORDILLO (J. I.), ANGER (K.) & SCHUBART (C. D.), 2010. Morphology of the larval and first juvenile stages of two Jamaican endemic Crab species with abbreviated development, Sesarma windsor and Metopaulias depressus (Decapoda: Brachyura: Sesarmidae). Journal of Crustacean Biology 30(1, February):101-121. DOI: ABS: The complete larval development and the morpho logy of the first juvenile stages of two freshwater-breedin g crab species endemic to Jamaica are described and illustrated in detail in the present paper. One of these species, Sesarma windsor lives in and near caves in the karst regions of central western Jamaica, whereas the sec ond species, Metopaulias depressus occurs sympatrically but with a wider range in western and central Jamaica in water-filled leaf ax ils of bromeliads. Even if these species are placed in separate genera, the y are extant representatives of the same adaptive radiation that resulted in at least ten Jamaican endemic crab species thriving in different land-locked habitats. Consequently, larval morphologies of the two specie s are very similar, but conspicuously different from the developmental patterns in their marine relatives. Both species display an abbreviat ed mode of development, showing morphological reductions in so me features and pre-displacement in the expression of several other s. Both species pass through two non-feeding zoeal stages, after which S. windsor moults to a facultatively lecithotrophic megalopa. In contrast, M. depressus directly moults from the zoea II to a juvenile stage (also f acultatively lecithotrophic) that shows a mixture of juvenile an d vestigial larval characters, such as a partly folded pleon, but no l onger larval traits such as natatory pleopods. This represents the first rec ord of larval development with no megalopal stage for Sesarmidae. A closely related species from mangroves in the Caribbean and northea stern South America, Sesarma curacaoense, shows a reduction in larval development, but with different morphological characteristics. W e here discuss whether this could be a shared ontogenetic character or the consequence of convergent evolution. KW: Bromeliads, fresh water, larval development, mangroves, Thoracotremata. GOODMAN (S. M.), MAMINIRINA (C. P.), BRADMAN (H. M.), CHRISTIDIS (L.) & APPLETON (B. R.), 2010. Patterns of morphological and genetic variation in the endemic Malagasy bat Miniopterus gleni (Chiroptera: Miniopteridae), with the description of a new speci es, M. griffithsi Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 48(1, February):75-86. DOI: ABS: Over the past decade, major advances have been made concerning the systematics and species diversity of Malagasy bats, largely based on specimens collected during inventories and associat ed morphological and molecular genetic studies. Herein we describe a new species of endemic bat from southern Madagascar, Miniopterus griffithsi sp. n., which is the sister taxa to Miniopterus gleni a taxon described in 1995 (holotype from Sarodrano, just north of the Onilahy River in the s outhwest). Based on current information, M. griffithsi is found in the sub-arid bioclimatic zone, south of the Onilahy River, and M. gleni occurs in a variety of different bioclimatic zones, north of the Onilahy R iver to the northern portion of the island and on the near shore island of Ile Sainte Marie. The realization that M. griffithsi was a separate entity was first based on phylogeographic studies of the M. gleni complex. Comparisons using 397 bp of mitochondrial cytochrome b found a divergence of 1.2% within animals occurring across much of Madagascar north o f the Onilahy River, 0.07% in those south of the Onilahy River, a nd 7.4% in populations separated by this river. Subsequently, morphological characters were identified that supported the speci fic separation of populations occurring south ( M. griffithsi ) and north of the Onilahy River ( M. gleni ), which include tragus shape, pelage coloration, a nd skull proportions. KW: Miniopteridae, Miniopterus Miniopterus gleni Miniopterus griffithsi sp. n. Madagascar, morphological variation, phylogeography. RS: Au cours de la dernire dcenn ie, d'importants progrs ont t accomplis en ce qui concerne la com prhension de la systmatique et de la diversit des espces de chau ves-souris malgaches, en grande partie base sur des spcimens collects au cours des inventaires ainsi que sur les tudes morphologiques et gntiques molculaires associes. Nous dcrivons ici une nouv elle espce de chauve-souris du sud de Madagascar, Miniopterus griffithsi sp. n., qui est la sœur de M. gleni un taxon dcrit en 1995 (holotype de Sarodrano, j uste au nord de la rivire Onilahy). Sur la base des inf ormations actuelles, M. griffithsi se trouve dans la zone bioclimatique sub-aride de l'le, au sud de la rivire Onilahy, et M. gleni se produit dans une varit de zones bioclimatiques, du nord de la rivire Onilahy jusqu 'au nord de l'le et sur l'Ile Sainte Marie. Les deux espces semblent utili ser des grottes et des abris sous roche comme gtes diurnes. Le fait que M. griffithsi soit une entit distincte est fond sur des tudes phylogog raphiques du complexe M. gleni Les comparaisons avec les 397 bp du mitochondrial cytochrome b montre une divergence de 1,2% dans les animaux qu i se produisent dans la majeure partie de Madagascar au nord de la rivire Onilahy, 0,07% dans celles au sud de la rivire Onilahy et 7 ,4% dans les populations spares par cette rivire. Par la suit e des caractres morphologiques ont t identifis, comprenant la fo rme du tragus, la coloration du pelage et les proportions du crne, s outenant ainsi la sparation des populations qui se produisent au sud ( M. griffithsi ) et au nord de la rivire Onilahy ( M. gleni ). La zone d'occupation connue pour M. griffithsi est d'environ 740 km, mais ce n'est certainement pas reprsentatif de la distribution de cette espce. GOTTSTEIN (S.), GANEC (K.), KRNJEVI n (V. C.) & POPIJA (A.), 2010. Life history traits of the epigean populations of Niphargus dalmatinus (Crustacea: Amphipoda) along the Cetina River, Croatia:23-24. I n: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICS B 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: Very little is known about the epigean niphargid autecology. The a im of this study was to establish the life history traits of the endemic amphipod Niphargus dalmatinus which regularly inhabits springs, epigean streams and rivers in Middle Dalmatia. Three replicate samples were co llected once a month with benthos net in the period from August 2004 to August 2005 at ten study sites located in the upper, middle and lower reaches of the Cetina River and its tributaries. The highest population d ensity of the species was recorded on two study sites in hypocrenal zone, where the mean water temperature reached 9.7C with the narrow ran ge of 7.3-12.5C.


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 41 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 Ovigerous females were recorded year-round at the m ain spring and in the upper course, but were more numerous during spr ing (March, April, May) and autumn (October) months. The sex-ratio (ma les vs. females) was in favour of males almost throughout the all st udy year. Mean number of eggs was 30 for 100 analysed females, but one female carried a maximum of 111 eggs. There was no correlation bet ween fecundity and female body size (total body length). A better insi ght into the life history strategy of N. dalmatinus will help to interpret the distribution patterns, population structures, and the coexistence with oth er crustacean species. GOURMAND (A.-L.), 2010. Les Chiroptres. Plan rgional d'actions 2009-2013. Rgion Centre. Sologne Nature Environnement Juin 2009, document valid par le Conseil Scientifique Rgional du Patrimoine Naturel de Rgi on Centre, runi en sance plnire du 30 Mars 2010, Orlans La Source, 67 p. GRCIA (F.), CLAMOR (B.), GAMUND (P.) & FORN"S (J. J.), 2010. El sistema de cavitats Gleda Camp des Pou (Manacor, Mallorca). Endins 34:35-68. RES: La connexi entre la cova de sa Gleda i l'avenc des Camp de Pou ha perms afegir un nou sistema al llevant de Mallorca el sistema GledaCamp des Pou, de 13500 m de recorregut, que situa a questa cavitat litoral com la de major recorregut subaqutic dÂ’Europa dins d'aquesta situaci i espeleognesi. Es comenten les principals fites de l'exploraci del sistema i els aspectes tcnics per poder realitzar les tasq ues exploratries a la cavitat. Es fa la descripci tant dels nous sectors descoberts com de les contribucions novedoses dels sectors ja coneguts. L 'estudi de l'estructura de la cavitat, amb la superposici de la topografia a la superfcie del terreny, les sales d'esfondrament i els condicionan ts litolgics ajuden a comprendre millor la gnesi i evoluci de la cavita t. Un aspecte a destacar s el contrast entre els sectors ms occid entals, profusament decorats per espeleotemes, amb els sectors oriental s a on sn gaireb absents. Se citen un total de 12 espcies de crusta cis a les aiges subterrnies de la cavitat, capturades especialment a les proximitats de la boca, ja que bona part del sistema presenta densita ts poblacionals molt baixes per tractar-se d'un hbitat molt oligotrfic ABS: The connection established between Cova de sa Gleda and Avenc des Camp des Pou has allowed to add a new extensive cave system to the g reat speleological potential of eastern Mallorca coastal karst area: w ith a development of 13500 m, this system is the longest underwater litt oral cave known up to now in Europe. The main benchmarks in its explorati on are exposed, as well as the technical aspects of the diving tasks d eveloped in the cave. The description of the recently discovered extensio ns is presented in this paper together with new observations on the previou sly known sectors of the system. The study of the cave pattern -using th e superimposition of the survey on the map of the areaand the disposit ion of collapse chambers linked to clear lithological conditionings contribute to a better understanding of its genesis and evolution. An aspe ct that must be highlighted is the sharp contrast existing between the western sectors, very well-decorated with speleothems, and the easte rn ones where the speleothems are almost practically absent. A total of 12 crustacean species have been cited in the cave waters, collect ed especially near the cave entrance because the population densities are very low due to the oligotrophic character of this habitat. GRCIA (F.), GAMUND (P.), CLAMOR (B.), TRIAS (M.), FORN"S (J. J.), FEBRER (M.) & POCOV (J.), 2010. Noves aportacions a l'estudi de les cavitats de Ca la Falc Cala Varques (Manacor, Mallorca). Endins 34:141154. GRETIA, 2010. Inventaire des invertbrs continentaux des estrans rocheux et sableux de Basse-Normandie. Rapport pour la Rgion Basse-Normandie, l'Agence de l'eau S eineNormandie, la DREAL de Basse-Normandie, le Conseil gnral de la Manche et le Syndicat mixte Calvados Littoral Espaces Naturels. 136 p. GRIEBLER (C.), STEIN (H.), KELLERMANN (C.), BERKHOFF (S. E.), BRIELMANN (H.), SCHMIDT (S. I.), SELESI (D.), STEUBE (C.), FUCHS (A.) & HAHN (H. J.), 2010. Ecological assessment of groundwater ecosystems Vision or illusion? Ecological Engineering 36(9, September):1174-1190, Special issue on interaction among groundwater, surface water and ecosystems: A key issue for integrated water manage ment. DOI: ABS: Environmental policy and in particular the Eur opean water legislation, in the framework of the EU Groundwater Directive, has started to consider groundwater not only as a resou rce but as a living ecosystem. A precondition for comprehensive groundw ater protection is thus the assessment of the biological and ecologica l state. The assessment of ecosystems requires consideration of ecological criteria, which so far are not available for groundwater systems. In the f ramework of a national project, the German Federal Environment Agency (UBA ) supports a consortium of scientists and stakeholders from wate r boards and regional environmental authorities to develop a first concep t for an ecological assessment scheme for groundwater ecosystems. The a ttempts towards an integrative concept include the following steps: (i ) selection of appropriate biological and ecological parameters, ( ii) typology of groundwater ecosystems, (iii) derivation of a refer ence status (Leitbild) and natural background values for biological variab les, (iv) identification of potential bioindicators and definition of thresh old values, and (v) development of an assessment model. These proposed steps are discussed on the basis of a data set from two groundwater lan dscapes in Southern Germany. Investigations considered three different spatial units, i. e. the habitat unit at the local scale, and the aquifer ty pe unit as well as the landscape unit at the regional scale. Fauna as well as bacterial communities could provide valuable ecological infor mation on the ecosystems status. The paper reviews "state of the art" knowledge and evaluates the near future perspectives for the deve lopment and implementation of groundwater ecosystems assessment programmes. KW: Aquifers, Bioindicators, Ecological assessment, Groundwater ecosystems, Biomonitoring, Stygofauna. GRIFFIN (D. W.), GONZALEZ (C.), TEIGELL (N.), PETROSKY (T.), NORTHUP (D. E.) & LYLES (M.), 2010. Observations on the use of membrane filtration and liquid impingement to collect airborne microorganis ms in various atmospheric environments. Aerobiologia ? DOI: ABS: The influence of sample-collection-time on the recovery of culturable airborne microorganisms using a low-flow-rate membrane-filtr ation unit and a high-flow-rate liquid impinger were investigated. D ifferences in recoveries were investigated in four different atmo spheric environments, one mid-oceanic at an altitude of ~10.0 m, one on a mountain top at an altitude of ~3,000.0 m, one at ~1.0 m altitude in T allahassee, Florida, and one at ~1.0 m above ground in a subterranean-cave. Regarding use of membrane filtration, a common trend was observed: t he shorter the collection period, the higher the recovery of cultu rable bacteria and fungi. These data also demonstrated that lower culturable counts were common in the more remote mid-oceanic and mountain-top atm ospheric environments with bacteria, fungi, and total number s averaging (by sample time or method categories) <3.0 colony-formi ng units (CFU) m-3. At the Florida and subterranean sites, the lowest a verage count noted was 3.5 bacteria CFU m-3, and the highest averaged 140.4 total CFU m-3. When atmospheric temperature allowed use, the highvolume liquid impinger utilized in this study resulted in much hi gher recoveries, as much as 10 greater in a number of the categories ( bacterial, fungal, and total CFU). Together, these data illustrated that ( 1) the high-volume liquid impinger is clearly superior to membrane fil tration for aeromicrobiology studies if start-up costs are not an issue and temperature permits use; (2) although membrane filt ration is more cost friendly and has a "typically" wider operational ra nge, its limits include loss of cell viability with increased sample time a nd issues with effectively extracting nucleic acids for communitybased analyses; (3) the ability to recover culturable microorganisms is lim ited in "extreme" atmospheric environments and thus the use of a "lim ited" methodology in these environments must be taken into account; and (4) the atmosphere culls, i. e., everything is not everywhere. KW: Bac teria, Fungi, Methods, Membrane filtration, Liquid impingement, Aeromicrob iology, Microbiology. GRIMES (K. G.), 2010. Field Guide to Volcanic Caves of Western Victoria. Published for the 14th International Symposium on Vulcanospeleology and the Internationa l Union of Speleology Commission on Volcanic Caves, August, 2010. Edited by Ken G. GRIMES with contributions by Ken G. GRIMES, Elery HAMILTON-


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 42 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 SMITH and Susan WHITE. BL: Cf p. 8, "Porndon Arch caves, where he gave due emphasis to the presence of the b ats, and found that some settlers were using the guano as garden fertil izer"; p. 9, "HamiltonSmith (1968, 1972) and Simpson & Smith (1964) studi ed the bat populations and the invertebrate fauna, primarily i n Skipton Cave and some of the Byaduk Caves. There is also an interest ing study of the ecology of Tunnel Cave by a group of students (John son & others, 1968)"; p. 20, "The mining activities may have cont ributed to the disappearance of the large bat colony (reported by Robinson, and by Selwyn in 1875, but gone by the time the cave was v isited by Fletcher in 1895)". GRISMER (L. L.), SUMONTHA (M.), COTA (M.), GRISMER (J. L.), WOOD (P. L. Jr), PAUWELS (O. S. G.) & KUNYA (K.), 2010. A revision and redescription of the rock gecko Cnemaspis siamensis (Taylor, 1925) (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Peninsular Thailand wit h descriptions of seven new species. Zootaxa 2576(August 25):1-55, 23 pl., 32 rf. ABS: A taxonomic revision of Cnemaspis siamensis (Smith, 1925) revealed it to be a complex composed of four species: C. siamensis (Smith, 1925) which occurs on Ko Tao Island, Surat Thani Province and on the peninsula ranges from Kha o Mod, Surat Thani Province in the south, northward east of the Tenass erim Mountains to Kaeng Krachan National Park, Phetchaburi Province; C. chanardi sp. nov. ranging from Tai Rom Yen National Park, Surat Thani Province in the north, southward through the western foothills of the Nakhon Si Thammarat and Sankalakhiri Mountains to Phuphaphet Cave, Satun Province and westward to Khlong Thom District, Krab i Province; C. vandeventeri sp. nov. ranging from Kapur District, Ranong Provi nce southward to at least Khlong Had Sompen, District, Ranong Province west of the Tenasserim and Phuket Mountains and pos sibly all the way to Phuket Island; and C. kamolnorranathi sp. nov. restricted to the northwestern section of the Itshmus of Kra, ranging from Tham Khao Sonk, Thachana District, Surat Thani Province south ward to Tai Rom Yen National Park, Surat Thani Province. These spec ies are easily separated from one another on the basis of their un ique combination of having or lacking precloacal pores, dark gular mark ings, a series of lightly colored bars on the flanks, and a lightly c olored, prescapular crescent as well as other aspects of squamation. Fo ur additional new species from western and southern Thailand are also described: C. huaseesom sp. nov. from Sai Yok National Park, Kanchanaburi Province; C. punctatonuchalis sp. nov. from Thap Sakae District, Prachuap Khiri Khan Province; C. narathiwatensis sp. nov. ranging from Waeng District, Narathiwat Province south to Bang Lang, Yala Provin ce; and C. niyomwanae sp. nov. from Thum Khao Ting, Palean District, Tra ng Province, Thailand. These species are differentiate d from each other and all other Cnemaspis on the basis of their unique combinations of color pattern and squamation characters. This brings the total number of species of Cnemaspis in Thailand from five to 12 and continues to illustrate that the unrealized diversity in this gr oup is a function of unfocused collecting efforts coupled with poor taxo nomy. KW: Squamata, Gekkonidae, Cnemaspis Thailand, new species. GROL (B. P. F. E.) & VOTE (A. M.), 2010. Hibernating bats in the Schenkgroeve, an artificial limestone c ave in south Limburg, the Netherlands. Lutra 53(1):29-46. Groupe Chiroptres Aquitaine (GCA), 2010. Le Vallon du CrosÂ… menac par l'un des fuseaux de la LGV. Dcemb re 2009 (Version actualise le 18 Janvier 2010), 12 p. Groupe herptologique drmois & LPO Drme, 2010. Atlas prliminaire des Reptiles et des Amphibiens d e la Drme. ISBN: 978-2-9534797-1-3, Septembre 2010, 107 p. Voir: VINCENT (S.), 2010. Plodyte ponctu Pelodytes punctatus (Daudin, 1803):36-37. Groupe mammologique normand, 2010. Plan Interrgional d'Action Chiroptres 2009-2013. Bilan 2009-2010. Ha uteNormandie. 105 p., 8 Dcembre 2010. te GRNKE (S.), LICHTSCHLAG (A.), BEER (D. de), KUYPERS (M.), LSEKANN-BEHRENS (T.), RAMETTE (A.) & BOETIUS (A.), 2010. Novel observations of Thiobacterium a sulfur-storing Gammaproteobacterium producing gelatinous mats. The ISME Journal 4(March 11):1031-1043. DOI: ABS: The genus Thiobacterium includes uncultivated rod-shaped microbes containi ng several spherical grains of elemental sulfur and fo rming conspicuous gelatinous mats. Owing to the fragility of mats and cells, their 16S ribosomal RNA genes have not been phylogenetically classified. This study examined the occurrence of Thiobacterium mats in three different sulfidic marine habitats: a submerged whale bone, d eep-water seafloor and a submarine cave. All three mats contained mass ive amounts of Thiobacterium cells and were highly enriched in sulfur. Microsen sor measurements and other biogeochemistry data suggest chemoautotrophic growth of Thiobacterium Sulfide and oxygen microprofiles confirmed the dependence of Thiobacterium on hydrogen sulfide as energy source. Fluorescence in situ hybridization indicated that Thiobacterium spp. belong to the Gammaproteobacteria, a class that har bors many matforming sulfide-oxidizing bacteria. Further phyloge netic characterization of the mats led to the discovery of an unexpected m icrobial diversity associated with Thiobacterium KW: Gelatinous mats, microsensor, sulfur oxidizer, Thiobacterium Grupo de Espeleologa de Villacarrillo (G. E. V.), 2010. Nueva Especie Caverncola. En Accin 29:11. Revista de Voluntariado Ambiental. Consejera de Medio Ambient e de la Junta de Andaluca. GUADANUCCI (J. P. L.), BRAGA (P. L. M.), DE SOUZA S (F.) & DA FONSECA FERREIRA (R.), 2010. A troglophyle population of Diplura sp. (Araneae: Mygalomorphae: Dipluridae) in a quartzitic cave in Diamantina, Minas Gerais, Brazil:172. In: 18th International Congress of Arachnology, University o f Podlasie & International Society of Arachnology, Si edlce, Poland, 11-17 July 2010, Book of Abstracts, editor: Marek 9 ABKA, ISBN: 978-83-7051-575-1, 507 p. ABS: The cave Monte Cristo, located at 1817.822'S, 4333.511'W, is an approximately 200 meters long quartizic formation. Hypogean envir onments house animals classified in three ecological-evolutionary categories according to their dependency on the cave: trogloxene, troglo phyle and troglobite. During an inventory survey on cavernicolous arachni ds in caves in Diamantina, state of Minas Gerais, several represen tatives of Diplura sp. were found. Considering the rarity of dense populat ions of Mygalomorphae spiders in caves, this finding led us to conduct a survey on the population dynamics of such species. Represe ntatives of the genus Diplura are easily recognized by its mid-sized body, long posterior lateral spinnerets and presence of a maxillary lyra compose d of few clavate setae. They build silky webs with tunnels with shee t web at the entrance, what makes them easily found. This work aims at stu dying this population and present data on the abundance of ind ividuals, spatial distribution within the cave, territoriality, pheno logy and circadian rhythm. We have done three excursions from January to March of 2010, when all webs with spiders were marked and numbered and all spiders found were marked with coloured ink on the carapace A total of 38 individuals were marked, what makes it the largest mygalomorph population recorded inside a cave, 13 in the first trip, nine in the second and 16 in the third. Several spiderlings were found in the third excursion, indicating the end of the reproductive season, when all juveniles have already hatched and started to disperse and establi sh shelters in the habitat. Twenty four individuals were found close t o the entrance, and the rest were at the aphotic region, where temperatures are lower and more constant and humidity is higher. We found no signif icant difference in the abundance of potential preys in the different regio ns of the cave, having no relation to spider distribution. Only one spider changed its web location during the observations and built a new sh elter less than 1 meter away. Moreover, the number of old exuviae deep with in the webs of many spiders found indicates that once the spider h as established its web, it remains there for the rest of the life. Careful searches have been done in the surroundings of the cave and no representatives or webs of Diplura sp. were found, showing the clear preference for th e cave environment. Several other animals are known to inhabit caves as troglophyles (e. g. bats, harvestman, pseudoscorpions, several insects) what shows the importance for the preservation of such environment s. Monthly observations will be done during a year to evaluate aspects on the phenology and circadian rhythms of this population.


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 43 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 GUBAA (W. J.) & WOOSZYN (B. W.), 2010. Bats hibernating in underground shelters of Male Pieniny mountains (the Carpathian Mountains, Southern Polan d). Travaux du Musum national d'Histoire naturelle "Grigore Antipa" 53(Dcembre):347-350. DOI: ABS: Six bat species were observed during winter censuses in yea rs 2005-2009: Lesser horseshoe bat, Mouse-eared bat, Daubenton's bat, Wh iskered/Brandt's bat, Northern bat and Brown long-eared bat. Rhinolophus hipposideros was most numerous (67% of all bats recorded). Large st hibernaculum on Polish side of range was mine Bania w Jarmucie, wit h maximum 29 bats during a single control, through the years of resea rch number of species and individuals was increasing. Rarely seen in Oute r Carpathians Eptesicus nilssonii winter roost was found in Homole Ravine Reserve. KW: Southern Poland, Mane Pieniny Mountains, hibern ation, Rhinolophus hipposideros six species. RS: Six espces de chauvesouris ont t observes pendant les recensements d 'hiver au cours des annes 2005-2009: petit rhinolophe, chauve-souris m urine, vespertilion de Daubenton, murin de Brandt, srotine borale et oreillard. Rhinolophus hipposideros a t la plus nombreuse (67% de toutes les chauves -souris observes). Le plus grand hibernaculum de la zone i nvestigue en Pologne a t la mine de Bania w Jarmucie, avec un maximum de 29 chauves-souris pendant un seul contrle, le nombre d'espces et d'individus croissant au cours des annes de recher ches. Bien que rarement vu en-dehors des Carpates, un point d'hive rnage de Eptesicus nilssonii a t dcouvet dans la rserve de Homole Ravine. A BS in romn : n perioada inventarierii efectuate ntre 2005 8 i 2009, au fost observate 8 ase specii de lilieci: liliacul mic cu potcoav liliacul comun, liliacul de ap liliacul must cios, liliacul nordic 8 i liliacul urecheat. Rhinolophus hipposideros a fost cel mai numeros (67% din toate semnal rile). Cel mai mare hibernaculum din partea polonez a arealului a fost mina Bania w Jarmucie, cu maximum 29 de lili eci n timpul unui singur control. De-a lungul anilor de cercetare num rul speciilor 8 i al indivizilor a crescut. Observat mai rar n Carpa ii Exteriori, Eptesicus nilssonii a fost raportat n ad postul pentru iernat din Rezerva ia Homole Ravine. GUERNAOUI (S.), RAMAOUI (K.), RAHOLA (N.), BARNABE (C.), SERENO (D.) & BOUMEZZOUGH (A.), 2010. Malformations of the genitalia in male Phlebotomus papatasi (Scopoli) (Diptera: Psychodidae). Journal of Vector Ecology 35(1, June):13-19. DOI: BL: Cf p. 13, P. papatasi has a significant ecological plasticity and can be found in various biotopes, including houses, animal sheds and caves (GUERNAOUI (S.), 2006)". GUGLIELMONE (A. A.), ROBBINS (R. G.), APANASKEVICH (D. A.), PETNEY (T. N.), ESTRADA-PEA (A.), HORAK (I. G.), SHAO (R.) & BARKER (S. C.), 2010. The Argasidae, Ixodidae and Nuttalliellidae (Acari: Ixodida) of the world: a li st of valid species names. Zootaxa 2528(July 6):1-28, 54 rf. GUICHARD (C.-A.), 2010. Dcouverte de la grotte Guichard en Algrie (1863). Splo-Dordogne 191(3e trimestre 2009, dpt lgal: Dcembre 2010):43-49. GUICHARD (F.), 2010. Activits du Splo-Club de Prigueux, 2e trimestre 2009. Splo-Dordogne 190(2e trimestre 2009, dpt lgal: Octobre 2010):3-17. Voir: GUICHARD (F.), DELLUC (B.) & DELLUC (G.), 15 Mai 20 09, grotte de La Croix (Condat-sur-Trincou):11-13, 1 pl. avec 6 ph. coul. et 1 croquis. BL: Cf p. 12, 1 ph. coul. d'un Champignon sphrique rong par des Limaces; p. 13, "Dpt d'ordures l'entre et curieux Champignons sphriques poussant sur le sol argileux." GUICHARD (F.), 2010. Activits du Splo-Club de Prigueux, 3e trimestre 2009. Splo-Dordogne 191(3e trimestre 2009, dpt lgal: Dcembre 2010):3-19. Voir: GUICHARD (F.), HARTE (J.-P.) & LUQUET (M.), 5 au 15 Aot 2009, Grand Canyon Caverns (Arizona, USA):13. GUICHARD (F.), 2010. Le XVe Congrs international de l'U. I. S., Kerville Texas (U. S. A.). Splo-Dordogne 191(3e trimestre 2009, dpt lgal: Dcembre 2010):26-31, 2 pl. avec 20 ph. coul., 3 topographies, 2 logos. GUICHARD (F.) & DARCY (G.), 2010. 8 Janvier 2009, grotte orne de Vielmouly 2 (Meyrals):7-8. In: GUICHARD (F.), Activits du Splo-Club de Prigueu x, 1er trimestre 2009. Splo-Dordogne 189(1er trimestre 2009, dpt lgal: Fvrier 2010):3-23. GUICHARD (F.) & DARCY (G.), 2010. 8 Janvier 2009, grotte de Vielmouly (Les Eyzies-de-Tayac-Sireuil):8 In: GUICHARD (F.), Activits du Splo-Club de Prigueu x, 1er trimestre 2009. Splo-Dordogne 189(1er trimestre 2009, dpt lgal: Fvrier 2010):3-23. GUICHARD (F.) & DARCY (G.), 2010. 13 Janvier 2009, grotte de l'arodrome d'Eyrissou (Saint-Crpin-et-Carlucet):9. In: GUICHARD (F.), Activits du Splo Club de Prigueux, 1er trimestre 2009. Splo-Dordogne 189(1er trimestre 2009, dpt lgal: Fvrier 2010):3-23. GUICHARD (F.), DELLUC (B.) & DELLUC (G.), 2010. 15 Mai 2009, grotte de La Croix (Condat-sur-Trincou ):1113, 1 pl. avec 6 ph. coul. et 1 croquis. In: GUICHA RD (F.), Activits du Splo-Club de Prigueux, 2e trimestre 2009. Splo-Dordogne 190(2e trimestre 2009, dpt lgal: Octobre 2010):3-17. BL: Cf p. 12, 1 ph. coul. d'un Champignon sphrique rong par des Limaces; p. 13, "Dpt d'or dures l'entre et curieux Champignons sphriques poussant sur le sol argileux." GUICHARD (F.), HARTE (J.-P.) & LUQUET (M.), 2010. 5 au 15 Aot 2009, Grand Canyon Caverns (Arizona, USA):13. In: GUICHARD (F.), Activits du Splo-Clu b de Prigueux, 3e trimestre 2009. Splo-Dordogne 191(3e trimestre 2009, dpt lgal: Dcembre 2010):3-19. GM (B. A.), 2010. Massacre of land snails after crop harvest in Turkey. Tentacle 18(January):9-10. GM (B. A.), 2010. The land snails of Khta, Adyaman, Turkey (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Pulmonata). Munis Entomology & Zoology 5(1):286-289. GUZIK (M. T.), AUSTIN (A. D.), COOPER (S. J. B.), HARVEY (M. S.), HUMPHREYS (W. F.), BRADFORD (T.), EBERHARD (S. M.), KING (R. A.), LEYS (R.), MUIRHEAD (K. A.) & TOMLINSON (M.), 2010. Is the Australian subterranean fauna uniquely diverse? Invertebrate Systematics 24(5):407-418. DOI: ABS: Australia was historically considered a poor prospect for subterr anean fauna but, in reality, the continent holds a great variety of sub terranean habitats, with associated faunas, found both in karst and non-kars t environments. This paper critically examines the diversity of subterra nean fauna in several key regions for the mostly arid western half of Aus tralia. We aimed to document levels of species richness for major taxon groups and examine the degree of uniqueness of the fauna. We also want ed to compare the composition of these ecosystems, and their origins, with other regions of subterranean diversity world-wide. Using informatio n on the number of "described" and "known" invertebrate species (recog nised based on morphological and/or molecular data), we predict th at the total subterranean fauna for the western half of the cont inent is 4140 species, of which ~10% is described and 9% is "known" but no t yet described. The stygofauna, water beetles, ostracods and copepo ds have the largest number of described species, while arachnids domina te the described troglofauna. Conversely, copepods, water beetles an d isopods are the poorest known groups with less than 20% described s pecies, while hexapods (comprising mostly Collembola, Coleoptera, Blattodea and Hemiptera) are the least known of the troglofauna. Compared with other regions of the world, we consider the Australian su bterranean fauna to be unique in its diversity compared with the northern hemisphere for three key reasons: the range and diversity of subterranea n habitats is both extensive and novel; direct faunal links to ancient Pangaea and Gondwana are evident, emphasising their early bioge ographic history; and Miocene aridification, rather than Pleistocene post-ice age driven


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 44 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 diversification events (as is predicted in the nort hern hemisphere), are likely to have dominated Australia's subterranean s peciation explosion. Finally, we predict that the geologically younger, although more poorly studied, eastern half of the Australian continent i s unlikely to be as diverse as the western half, except for stygofauna in porous media. Furthermore, based on similar geology, palaeogeogra phy and tectonic history to that seen in the western parts of Austra lia, southern Africa, parts of South America and India may also yield sim ilar subterranean biodiversity to that described here. HAASE (M.), FONTAINE (B.) & GARGOMINY (O.), 2010. Rissooidean freshwater gastropods from the Vanuatu archipelago. Hydrobiologia 637:53-71. DOI: ABS: During expeditions to Santo and the Torres islands belongi ng to the Vanuatu archipelago in 2006 and 2007, ten new species of ta teid gastropods confined to springs, the upper most, slowly flowing regions of streams or the groundwater had been discovered. These species were now described based on shell morphology and anatomy. In accordanc e with geography, these characters placed the species from Vanuatu be tween those from New Caledonia and Fiji, suggesting a stepping stone -like dispersal across the Pacific with an origin in New Zealand and the f ar end on the Austral islands. We also assessed the threat status of the new species according to the IUCN Red List criteria and concluded that they should be amended by explicit incorporation of the scale of potential hu man impact or stochastic natural events relative to the size of the habitat of organisms. KW: Crenobiontic, Dispersal, IUCN Red List categories, Pacific islands, Santo, Tateidae, Torres islands. HAHN (H. J.), BORK (J.) & SCHMIDT (S. I.), 2010. What is groundwater? A new approach, and what this means to fauna:24. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August -3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961269-286-5. ABS: On the 18th International Symposium on Biospeleology in Cluj, we asked the question, wheth er all water that is called "groundwater" is real groundwater. Following a hydrological approach, we concluded that much of the so-called g roundwater is actually hyporheic water. Furthermore, we argued fo r distinguishing subsurface water by the origin of the organic matte r either from the saturated or from the unsaturated zone. In the last years, we modified this idea and applied it to several data sets from Korea and Germany. The results are promising, indicating that groundwater communities at these sites reflect the strength of the hydrological exch ange and the origin of the water either from the saturated (surface water bodies) or from the unsaturated zone (soils). However, there are many g aps of knowledge and open questions left, which should be discussed alon g this presentation. HALSE (S. A.), 2010. Distribution patterns of different groups of troglofauna in the Pilbara region, Wester n Australia: are arachnids the most restricted troglofauna?:40. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August -3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961269-286-5. ABS: The Pilbara region of Western Australia hosts very diverse subterranean communities under its arid sur face. Recent sampling has shown that the diversity of troglofauna in the region matches that already documented for stygofauna and that the regi on truly is a subterranean fauna hotspot. Groups such as schizomi ds seem to be particularly diverse but cockroaches, beetles, bugs silverfish, bristletails, pauropods, spiders, pseudoscorpions, palpigrads, ce ntipeds and millipedes are also represented by many species. Sa mpling to date has been focused in hard rock geologies, where troglofa una inhabit the crevices created by weathering. One of the outstand ing characteristics of troglofauna occurrence in the Pilbara is that almos t all species are found in the subterranean landscape mosaic, rather than i n caves. However, rather than being a unique pattern of occurrence, t his may be a general pattern globally, with the focus on caves and subte rranean fauna reflecting ease of access rather than unique occurr ence. One implication of troglofauna species occurring in the landscape m atrix rather than caves is that, where the matrix is a widespread habitat, at least some troglofauna species might be expected to be widespread also. Re cent surveys in the Pilbara have provided the opportunity to test this hypothesis and showed that some species are, indeed, widespread. However, species ranges appear to be at least as strongly influenced by phy logeny as by distribution of their habitats, with insect groups usually more widespread than arachnids. A cautionary note in relation to de termining species ranges is that defining what constitutes a troglofa una species is often difficult because DNA divergence between population s of the same subterranean species may be very high compared with the patterns in related surface species, which are usually used as abenchmark. Regionscale sampling, however, provides a much better bas is for interpreting genetic and morphological variation than site-speci fic work. One important challenge for troglofauna survey work is to devise efficient methods of sampling alluvium and softer substrates at depth. Only after this has been done are we likely to develop a prope r understanding of troglofauna distributions. HAMAIDI (F.), DEFAYE (D.) & SEMROUD (R.), 2010. Copepoda of Algerian fresh waters: checklist, new r ecords, and comments on their biodiversity. Crustaceana 83(1):101-126. DOI: HANK (V.), AND RA (M.) & BENDA (P.), 2010. esk chiropterologick bibliografie: Soupis publikovanc h a diplomovch prac od po tk ; vzkumu v eskch zemch do konce roku 2009 [Czech chiropterological bibliography: List of published papers and theses f rom the beginning of the research in the Bohemian Lands til l 2009]. Vespertilio 13/14:165-262. ABS: The bibliography summarises, for the first time, all publications de aling with chiropterology in the Czech Republic from the earli est stage of bat research (early 19th century) till the year 2009. Included are also all citations of papers by Czech authors working abroad or using study material from foreign countries. Citations are sort ed into seven categories based on the following criteria: (A) original paper s in scientific journals (both Czech and international) 1127 citations; (B ) abstracts of conference presentations (both national and interna tional) 355 citations; (C) non-fiction (popular) papers for the public 2 26 citations; (D) theses from Czech universities 157 citations; (E) books with a substantial part dealing with bat biology 94 citations; (F) list o f some older bibliography sources 32 citations; (G) methodological and tech nical publications 128 citations. Since the target users are mostly Cz ech readers, all the citations are given in the original languages not s upplemented with English translations. KW: Bibliography, Czech Repub lic, Czech authors, bats, Chiroptera. HAND (S. J.) & GRANT-MACKIE (J. A.), 2010. The bat fauna of M Aur Cave, Moindou, New Caledonia: evidence of human consumption and a new species rec ord from the recent past. Poster 15:67. In: 15th International Bat Research Conference, Prague, 22-27 August 2010, the conference manual: Programme, abstracts, list of participants, edited by: Ivan HOR EK and Petr BENDA, ISBN 978-80-87154-46-5, 380 p. HAND (S. J.) & GRANT-MACKIE (J. A.), 2010. The bat fauna of M Aur Cave, Moindou, New Caledonia: evidence of human consumption and a new species rec ord from the recent past:161. In: 15th International Bat Research Conference, Prague, 22-27 August 2010, the conference manual: Programme, abstracts, list of participants, edited by: Ivan HOR EK and Petr BENDA, ISBN 978-80-87154-46-5, 380 p. ABS: Vertebrate remains recovered from a cave near M Aur on the c entral southwestern coast of the main island of New Caledonia ( Grande Terre), southwest Pacific, include those of flying-foxes and sma ller, insectivorous bats, as well as birds, frogs, rodents and humans. The M Aur Cave deposit accumulated over a period of some 3000 year s, from before colonization of the area by Lapita people to the pr esent. In the deposit's upper levels, bat remains approximate the modern Ne w Caledonian fauna, and probably represent bats that lived and d ied in the cave as well as those brought in as prey by barn owls. In the lo west levels, only flyingfoxes are represented, their blackened remains and other evidence indicating they were cooked and eaten by people. Ou r data suggest that at least one insectivorous bat species has become exti nct in New Caledonia


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 45 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 during the last 250 years. Alternatively, it is pos sible that this bat continues to be part of the extant New Caledonian f auna but has yet to be recorded by modern faunal surveys. HARA (M. R.) & PINTO-DA-ROCHA (R.), 2010. Systematic review and cladistic analysis of the gen us Eusarcus Perty, 1833 (Arachnida, Opiliones, Gonyleptidae). Zootaxa 2698(December 3):1-136, 53 pl., 163 rf. HARIELLE (C.), 2010. La "Grande Grotte" ou grotte de Queylou (Les Eyzies-de-Tayac-Sireuil). Splo-Dordogne 190(2e trimestre 2009, dpt lgal: Octobre 2010):31-47, 1 pl. avec 7 ph. coul., 7 fig., 1 dpliant non pagin (entre les pages 36 et 37, topographie), 1 dessin. HARIELLE (C.), 2010. Grottes Lamina Ziloa (CamouCihigue 64) ou grotte de la source chaude de Camo uCihigue. Splo-Dordogne 191(3e trimestre 2009, dpt lgal: Dcembre 2010):37-42, 1 pl. avec 6 ph. coul. HARRACA (V.), IGNELL (R.), LFSTEDT (C.) & RYNE (C.), 2010. Characterization of the Antennal Olfactory System of the Bed Bug ( Cimex lectularius ). Chemical Senses 35(3):195-204. DOI: BL: Cf p. 203: "Therefore, the few compounds for which C. lectularius still possesses receptors are essential for its sensory ecology, as well as remains from its primary habitats in caves and its hosts". HARTNOLL (R. G.), BRODERICK (A. C.), GODLEY (B. J.), MUSICK (S.), PEARSON (M.), STROUD (S. A.) & SAUNDERS (K. E.), 2010. Reproduction in the Land Crab Johngarthia lagostoma on Ascension Island. Journal of Crustacean Biology 30(1, February):83-92. DOI: HAUSER (B.), 2010. Leo WEIRATHER (1887-1965) revisited:154-155. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August -3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961269-286-5. ABS: As Egon Pretner's monograph on Leo Weirather finally goes to press in Innsbruck, the editor of t his posthumous publication presents a short sketch of the life and work of Weirather, the extraordinary Tyrolean pioneer of biospeleological exploration in the Balkans, and explains the background to Weirather's use of "code names" (Decknamen) for his collecting sites. The speaker w as, while assistant at the Zoological Institute in Innsbruck, in close con tact with Weirather for some years, and tried in vain to safeguard his scie ntific legacy for Innsbruck University. When Weirather passed away, t he speaker was able to facilitate the deposit of Weirather's collection and unpublished works in the Geneva Natural History Museum, thereby avoid ing their dispersal or loss. The commitment of Dr. Claude Besuchet, the famous beetle specialist of the Geneva Museum, actively supported by Prof. Villy Aellen, the then director and a well known biospele ologist, was of crucial importance in saving Weirather's legacy in 1966. As a responsible curator Besuchet did not content himself with making this i nteresting acquisition, but took the trouble to make this hidden treasure a ccessible to the biospeleologists of the world. He accepted the offe r of the doyen of cave fauna research in the Balkans, Egon Pretner, to tak e on the Sisyphean task of deciphering Weirather's list of localities and l ent him portions of the precious files over a number of years. Egon Pretner (1896-1982), who lived and worked in Postojna (Adelsberg), the birth place of biospeleology and the site of this conference, was uniquely quali fied for this arduous task. As a citizen of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy he attended the German grammar school of Trieste, (his native town) and learned the same style of German shorthand (following the syste m of Gabelsberger, long since abandoned), as was used by Weirather. La ter as citizen of the former Yugoslavia he had experience of the changes to place names that were imposed. Finally, having explored a huge numbe r of caves himself, he had a tremendous topographic knowledge which hel ped him to translate Weirather's partly outdated names into mo dern nomenclature. He not only invested years in decoding hundreds of index-cards, but also drew up a synthesis: a sort of "Fauna endemica" tha t had been Weirather's unrealized dream. Pretner's magnum opus is a rare a nd illuminating example of scientific altruism! When he entrusted h is manuscript of 168 typed pages in German, (Pretner 2010: Die Verdienst e Leo Weirathers um die Biospelaologie, insbesondere Jugoslawiens, s ein Hohlenkataster und seine Sammelplatze. Ber. nat.-med. Verein Innsbruck 97 (in press) to the speaker for publication in Geneva in the mid -1970s, the political situation in Yugoslavia was starting its gradual de terioration. In the end, publication abroad became impossible without seriou s consequences for the author, who thus passed away without the satisf action of seeing the results of all his heroic efforts in print. Subsequ ent changes to the hierarchy of the Geneva Museum meant that publishin g the manuscript was no longer a priority. The unexpected appearance of a draft version of part of Pretner's monograph on Weirather, translate d into English (Giachino & Lana, eds., 2006: Leo Weirather (1887-1 965): Diaries of a biospeleologist at the beginning of the XX century. Fragmenta Entomologica 37(2):1-264) which increases its value, lent a new impetus to the publication of the complete work. HAZELTON (E. R.) & HOBBS III (H. H.), 2010. Effects of glaciation on the distribution of troglomorphic bio ta in Ohio, USA:41, poster presentation. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slove nia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: Glaciation events are thought to have impacted cavernicoles by displacing, extirpating, o r, in the case of stygobionts, possibly expanding species’ habitats e xponentially and allowing for larger geographic ranges. The distribu tion of caveadapted fauna in Ohio offers evidence for this theory. Glac iers covered approximately two-thirds of Ohio during the Wiscons in ice-age and their boundaries are well-documented, covering both carbo nate and noncarbonate (sandstone, conglomerate) cave-bearing be drock. Recent investigations in the caves and springs of Ohio hav e resulted in a better understanding of the distribution and species of ca ve-adapted fauna inhabiting the subterranean environs of the state. More than 260 caves and springs in 31 counties in Ohio were surveyed fo r biota between 2007 and 2009, specimens were preserved in 70% ethyl alc ohol (95% for arachnids), and subsequently identified. Combining this information with data from previous collections, fifteen cave-adapte d species were identified from Ohio: eight troglobionts and seven stygobionts. Troglobionts are represented by four species of car abid beetles, three species of arachnids, and two pseudoscorpions. Styg obionts include four species of amphipods and three species of isopods. Of these troglomorphs, 11 are endemic to Ohio and seven are new to science. Most cave-adapted species were found in isolated populat ions (sitespecific endemics and often only a single cave-adapted speci es per cave). However, up to four species were found syntopically Although troglobiotic species were more numerous, stygobioti c species had a greater distribution as has been documented elsewhe re in the United States (eight troglobionts found in nine caves in s ix counties vs. seven stygobionts found in 22 caves in eight counties). T roglobionts were confined to counties contiguous with unglaciated co unties (found not more than 58.77 km from most recent glacial boundar y (Wisconsin, Pleistocene), and only one occurrence was documente d outside of a contiguous five-county region. Stygobionts were doc umented much farther inside of the most recent glacial extent, a s far as 135.53 km from this boundary. These results support the findings o f biospeleological research in other regions of the United States as t hey relate to regional distribution patterns of terrestrial and aquatic ca veobligate species. HEADS (S. W. fls), 2010. The first fossil spider cricket (Orthoptera: Gryllidae: Phalangopsinae): 20 million years of troglobiomorphosis or exaptation in the dark? Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 158(1, January):56-65. DOI: ABS: A new spider cricket (Orthoptera: Gryllidae: Phalangopsinae) is described from an adu lt female preserved in Early Miocene (Burdigalian) amber from the Domin ican Republic. Araneagryllus dylani gen. et sp. nov. represents the first fossil recor d of Phalangopsinae, and is assigned to the tribe Luzari ni, subtribe Amphiacustina stat. nov. A cladistic analysis of Am phiacustina places Araneagryllus gen. nov. within a clade comprising Arachnopsita Leptopedetes Longuripes Mayagryllus Nemoricantor and Prolonguripes This clade is the sister group to a clade compris ing Amphiacusta Cantrallia and Noctivox The results of this analysis suggest that: (1) the common ancestor of all Amphiacustina was epigean,


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 46 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 and was likely to have been cavicolous and/or stram inicolous; (2) strict troglobitism evolved twice within Amphiacustina once in the lineage leading to Noctivox and again in the clade comprising Mayagryllus Arachnopsita Longuripes and Prolonguripes ; and (3) Prolonguripes is secondarily epigean, having reverted to life above ground. The occurrence of Araneagryllus gen. nov. in amber indicates that it was not troglobitic, but was instead more likely to have be en straminicolous, living on the ground and foraging amongst leaf litt er. Araneagryllus gen. nov. possesses a number of characters that are usua lly considered to be adaptive to a troglobitic life history, suggesting that many so-called troglobiomorphies are not adaptations to life in ca ves, but are instead likely to have been exaptive. KW: Amphiacustae, Dom inican amber, Ensifera, Neotropics. HENDERSON (K.), 2010. The 6th ISCA Congress 2010. Or how to find happiness in the changing world of cave s. AKMA Journal 81(December):15 p. HERMOSN (B.), NOVKOV (A.), JURADO (V.), LIZ (L.), PORCA (E.), ROGELIO (M. A.), SNCHEZ-MORAL (S.) & SIZ-JIMNEZ (C.), 2010. Observatorio microbiolgico de cuevas: evaluacin y control de comunidades fngicas en cuevas sometid as al impacto de actividades tursticas [Caves microbial observatory: assessment and control of fungal communities in show caves]:513-520. In: DURN (J. J .) & CARRASCO (F.), Cuevas: Patrimonio, Naturaleza, Cultura y Turismo, Madrid, Asociacin de Cuevas Tursticas Espaolas, DURN (J. J.) & CARRASCO (F.) Eds. RES: En la ltima dcada se est asistiendo a una p rogresiva colonizacin de cuevas visitables por microorganism os. As, las cuevas de Lascaux, Montignac, Francia, y de Castaar de Ib or, Cceres, sufrieron brotes de Fusarium solani hongo que ha sido encontrado tambin en la cueva de Doa Trinidad, Ardales, Mla ga. En este trabajo se plantean las bases para la creacin de un Observ atorio Microbiolgico de Cuevas, desde donde se pueda controlar los hongo s presentes en el ecosistema, y detectar a tiempo aquellos brotes que pudieran comprometer la integridad de la cueva y sus pintura s rupestres, en el caso que las tuviera. Al mismo tiempo, se pretende estud iar las relaciones entre la comunidad fngica y los habitantes de las cuevas (insectos, roedores, etc.), ya que muchos de los hongos presen tes son parsitos de otros organismos y los utilizan para su entrada y d ispersin en la cueva. Para el desarrollo de este estudio es fundamental e l control del aire de la cueva, as como la utilizacin de tcnicas molecula res como la amplificacin de secuencias de los genes de ARN rib osmico 18S e ITS con el fin de identificar los miembros de las comun idades fngicas. La distribucin espacial y temporal de los componentes de la comunidad fngica se llevar a cabo mediante muestreos en dis tintas estaciones del ao en las diferentes salas de las cuevas. Al mismo tiempo se determinar la presencia de hongos metabolicamente activos en d istintos nichos. El conocimiento de los procesos de dispersin de espor as y su modelizacin teniendo en cuenta las corrientes de aire y los gra dientes de temperatura, la eventual colonizacin de distintos materiales po r comunidades microbianas, las caractersticas trficas de estas comunidades y las relaciones entre los distintos habitantes de la cue va deben permitir el diseo de una estrategia de control que garantice s u conservacin. PC: Cadena trfica, colmbolos, cuevas, hongos, roedore s. ABS: The last decade has seen a progressive colonisation of visit able caves by microorganisms. The caves of Lascaux, Montignac, Fr ance, and of Castaar de Ibor, Cceres, have suffered outbreaks of Fusarium solani a fungus that has also been found in Doa Trinidad Ca ve, Ardales, Mlaga. This work sets out the bases for the creation of a Cave Microbiological Observatory for controlling the fungi present in th e ecosystem and the timely detection of outbreaks that could compromise the integrity of the cave and any cave paintings present. At the same ti me, it is intended to study the relationships between the fungal communit y and cave inhabitants (insects, rodents, etc.), as many of th e fungi present are parasites, and use the inhabitants to enter the cav e and disperse in it. The execution of this study entails monitoring the air of the cave, and the use of molecular techniques such as the amplification o f gene sequences of 18S and ITS ribosomal RNA to identify the members o f the fungal communities. The spatial and temporal distribution of the components of the fungal community will be examined by samplings in different seasons of the year in the various halls of the caves. The presence of metabolically active fungi in various niches of the caves will be tested. Knowing the processes of spore dispersion and model ling it taking into account air currents and temperature gradients, the eventual colonisation of different materials by microbial communities, th e trophic nature of the latter, and the relationships between the different inhabitants of the cave, should enable the design of a control strategy to g uarantee its conservation. KW: Caves, colembola, food chain, fun gi, rodents. HERMOSN (B.), NOVKOV (A.), JURADO (V.), LIZ (L.), PORCA (E.), ROGERIO (M. A.), SNCHEZ-MORAL (S.) & SIZ-JIMNEZ (C.), 2010. Microbial observatory of Spanish caves: assessing the origin of fungal outbreaks:101. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slove nia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: The last decade has seen a progressive colonization of visitable caves by microorganisms. The caves of Lascaux, Montignac, France, and of Castanar de Ibor, Caceres have suffered outbreaks of Fusarium solani a fungus that has also been found in the air and sediments of the Dona Trinidad Cave, Ardales, M alaga. This work sets the bases for the creation of a Cave Microbiol ogical Observatory for controlling the fungi present in the ecosystem and the timely detection of outbreaks that could compromise the integrity of th e cave and any cave paintings present. At the same time, it is intended to study the relationships between the fungal community and cave inhabitants (insects, rodents, etc.), as many of the fungi pres ent are parasites, and use the inhabitants to enter the cave and disperse in i t. The execution of this study entails monitoring of the cave air, and the u se of molecular techniques such as the amplification of gene sequen ces of 18S and ITS ribosomal RNA to identify the members of the fungal communities. Knowing the processes of spore dispersion and model ling it taking into account air currents and temperature gradients, the eventual colonization of different materials by microbial communities, th e trophic nature of the latter, and the relationships between the different inhabitants of the cave, should enable the design of a control strategy to g uarantee its conservation. HERSHLER (R.), LIU (H.-P.) & LANG (B. K.), 2010. Transfer of Cochliopa texana to Pyrgulopsis (Hydrobiidae) and description of a third congener f rom the lower Pecos River basin. Journal of Molluscan Studies 76(3, August 22):245-256. DOI: ABS: The Phantom Cave snail ( Cochliopa texana ), a little-studied rissooidean gastropod that is locally endemic within the lower Pecos River bas in (Texas) and currently a candidate for addition to the Federal l ist of threatened and endangered species, is redescribed and transferred to the hydrobiid genus Pyrgulopsis based on shell and anatomical characters. Specime ns from the type locality (Phantom Lake Spring) and San Sol omon Spring are larger than those from East Sandia Spring and also differ somewhat in shell shape and shape of the central cusps of the l ateral radular teeth. However genetic (mtCOI, NDI) variation within and a mong these geographically proximal (613 km) populations was sl ight, providing no basis for the recognition of distinct conservation units of this imperiled species. We also describe Pyrgulopsis ignota n. sp., which was recently discovered in a different part of the lower Pecos R iver basin and initially confused with the Phantom Cave snail. These two spe cies differ in shell shape, operculum morphology, and form and glandular ornament of the penis. They are also strongly differentiated geneti cally from each other and from (13) other regional congeners (pairwise se quence divergence >6.3 for both genes). A Bayesian phylogenetic analy sis of the COI and NDI dataset indicated that these two snails are not closely related and that P. ignota occupies a basal position relative to other region al congeners. HIPPA (H.), VILKAMAA (P.) & HELLER (K.), 2010. Review of the Holarctic Corynoptera Winnertz, 1867, s. str. (Diptera, Sciaridae). Zootaxa 2695(December 3):1197, 127 pl., 159 rf. HITCHCOCK (A.), 2010. Shale Peak Cave and the Discovery of a New Species of Cave Cricket. Cape Peninsula Speleological Society (CPSS) Newsletter (March):2 p. HLAV (P.) & JALI n (B.), 2010. Endogean and cavernicolous Coleoptera of the Balkan. X. Two new


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 47 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 species of Machaerites (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae: Pselaphinae) from Croatia. Natura Croatica 19(1, June 30):111-119. ABS: Machaerites pavleki sp. nov. and M. marjanaci sp. nov., new cavernicolous species of the tribe Bythin ini are described from Croatia. The catalogue of all species of the genus placed in two speciesgroups is provided. KW: Coleoptera, Staphylinidae, Pselaphinae, Bythinini, Machaerites biospeleology, Croatia, taxonomy. k_jezik=82773 HODGSON (D.), 2010. The biology of Scoska Cave:67. In: British Cave Research Association, Abstracts from t he BCRA Summer Cave Biology Field Meeting, 8 September 2010, Arncliffe Village Hall and Scoska Cave, Litto ndale, Yorkshire, UK. Cave and Karst Science 37(2, this issue has a cover date of August 2010 and was published i n December 2010). ABS: This site has been known as a haunt of Tissue moths ( Triphosa dubitata ) for 100 years and I have recorded Herald ( Scoliopteryx libatrix ) and Tissue moths at this site for 50 years. Herald moths are known to hibernate in caves as wel l as barns, outbuildings and ice houses, etc. as some always ap pear to be active throughout the winter. After several summer visits it was found the Tissues came to the cave in early August and stay i n the cave until April/early May and just like the bats at this site (five species) swarm and mate at this site from late August until October so me going through a period of torpor in the winter but none hibernating like the Heralds. Over a period of five seasons the moths have been counte d, temperature and humidity recorded as well as checking light levels to see what triggered the moths to come and go. As time went on humidity readings and light levels were dropped as they did not appear to affec t the moths however things like noise due to increased water levels wer e recorded as these seemed to affect the Tissues (or was it the air cir culation due to the movement of the water) with readings as high as 85 decibels recorded. Scoska Cave is a very important site for Tissue mot hs and although in the same period other sites have been logged only one o ther site (Stonelands Cave) has had moths in double figures once. All oth er sites have been in single figures whilst the highest count at Scoska i s 262 that is when on average for the last five years only one Tissue eac h year has been recorded in an average of 80000 sightings. Why is S coska so special? To date the mystery has not been solved despite search ing for caterpillars in surrounding woodland and comparing to other sites l ike Doukabottom and Dow caves that are isolated but in which we do get Tissues. Is it the cold air waterfall that tumbles down Gildersbank Si ke that guides the Tissues to the cave entrance or is it something in the condensation water that provides them with some form of nutrition to s ustain them through the winter. More work is still needed at this site. HOF (B.), 2010. Galerie de la mmoire. Yves CRAC'H (1921-2010). Spelunca 119(Septembre, 3e trimestre):64. HOFF (M.), 2010. Bibliographie botanique de l'Alsace et des environs. Flore, vgtation, paysages, protection d e la nature, histoire, biographies, ethnobotanique. Avec la collaboration de P. de Ruffray, A. Untereiner, H. B risse, G. Ochsenbein, T. Trautmann et la participation de J. Estrade, J. P. Klein, Y. Sell, B. Weigel. Socit b otanique d'Alsace, 3 Mai 2010, 251 p. HOLSINGER (J. R.), 2010. Sandro RUFFO (26 Aot 1915 2010). SIBIOS-ISSB Newsletter 7(2006-2010):47. HORSTKOTTE (J.), RIESCH (R.), PLATH (M.) & JGER (P.), 2010. Predation by three species of spiders on a cave fish in a Mexican sulfur cave. Bulletin of the British arachnological Society 15(2):55-58. HORVTH (E.), KONTSCHN (J.) & MAHUNKA (S.), 2010. Hungarian acarological literature. Opuscula Zoologica 41(2):97-174. HRISTOV (N. I.), BETKE (M.), THERIAULT (D. E. H.), BAGCHI (A.) & KUNZ (T. H.), 2010. Seasonal Variation in Colony Size of Brazilian Free-Tailed B ats at Carlsbad Cavern Based on Thermal Imaging. Journal of Mammalogy 91(1, February):183-192. DOI: ABS: The colony of Brazilian free-tailed bats ( Tadarida brasiliensis ) at Carlsbad Cavern, New Mexico, is a well-known example of this highly gregarious and conspicuous species in North America. For nearl y a century researchers have tried to estimate the size of this colony, but different census methods and lack of repeatability have resul ted in questionable estimates that have given rise to poorly understood but highly popularized, long-term population trends for this m igratory species. In this study we present accurate seasonal estimates o f colony size based on a recently developed census method-thermal infrared imaging and computer vision analysis. The size of the colony wa s estimated several times monthly from March through October 2005. Our estimates range from 67602 to 793838 bats, values that are orders o f magnitude lower than the largest historic estimates. Consecutive es timates of nightly emergences show fluctuations of as many as 291000 i ndividuals, indicating that colony composition is considerably more dynamic than previously thought. Our results, combined with a qu antitative analysis of emergence behavior, question the validity of early historic estimates that millions of bats once roosted in this cave and sugg est that the long-term pattern of decline reported for this species might not be as severe as currently thought. KW: Bats, census, colony dynamic s, colony estimate, computer vision, historic estimates, seasonal varia tion, Tadarida brasiliensis Three-dimensional (3D) modeling. HUMPHREYS (W. F.), GUZIK (M. T.), BRADFORD (T.), COOPER (S. J. B.), LEIJS (R.), WATTS (C. H. S.) & AUSTIN (A. D.), 2010. Groundwater calcretes: sheets of subterranean habitat scattered on an Archaean landscape:24-25. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August -3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961269-286-5. ABS: Groundwater (phreatic) calcretes are the main, often the only, habitat for aquatic troglobionts through much of arid Australia. Originally considered as homogeneous habitats, calc retes are proving to be complex in structure and enigmatic in origin and timing. Essentially, they form thin patches of suitable troglobiont habi tat overlaying the Archaean shield in a climatically challenging regio n largely lacking surface water and where they support diverse aquati c troglobiont communities. The aquatic troglobionts include Gondw anan elements (e. g., Spelaeogriphacea and some Parabathynellidae and Candoninae) as well as late Tertiary colonisers (e. g., Dytiscidae Oniscidea). Groundwater flow in the Yilgarn is confined to broa d palaeodrainage systems incised in the Archaean basement which form s the watersheds. This restricts groundwater connectivity between cat chments but may not eliminate faunal exchange owing to the low gradient s in the landscape. The calcretes were deposited as thin sheets, genera lly ~10-20 m thick, from groundwater near the base level salt lakes (pl ayas). The southern part of the Western Shield comprises the Yilgarn wh ere six major palaeovalleys are beaded with salt lakes and their associated groundwater calcretes that each form a geologically discrete un it. Biologically the calcretes form subterranean islands in the desert. The stygiobionts are mostly endemic each to a single calcrete irrespecti ve of whether the species may be air breathing (Dytiscidae), or not ( Amphipoda), or whether they are interstial (Parabathynellidae). Th e groundwater between the calcretes occurs in a matrix unsuitable for aqu atic troglobionts. Chemical sedimentation of calcretes from groundwate r flow progresses through the combined effects of evaporative concent ration, groundwater level fluctuations and selective ion-exchange react ions. Together, these result in complex porosity and permeability zones t hat may account for the fine scale phylogeography of the aquatic troglo bionts. Gene flow does occur through the length of a single large calcrete (scale 104 m) although the populations are not panmictic. No detailed fine scale hydrology has been conducted on calcretes but molecular genetic r esearch reveals finescale differentiation with isolation by distance th at supports the presence of heterogeneous subterranean landscape even within small spatial scales (102-103 m), and that different species of aquatic troglobionts, even of sympatric sister species, do not have a genetically concordant response to this spatial heterogeneity. ICIPE, 2010. Icipe Scientist Re-discovers the World's Rarest and Strangest Fly. 58-icipe-scientist-rediscovers-the-worlds-rarest-and-strangest-fly.html IEPURE (S.), 2010. Cornel Constantin PLESA, 3 August 1931 15 August 2008. SIBIOS-ISSB Newsletter 7(20062010):43.


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 48 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 IKER (B. C.), KAMBESIS (P.), OEHRLE (S. A.), GROVES (C.) & BARTON (H. A.), 2010. Microbial Atrazine Breakdown in a Karst Groundwater System an d Its Effect on Ecosystem Energetics. Journal of Environmental Quality 39(March/April):509-518. DOI: ABS: In the absence of sunlight energy, microbial community survival in su bterranean aquifers depends on integrated mechanisms of energy and nutr ient scavenging. Because karst aquifers are particularly sensitive t o agricultural land use impacts due to rapid and direct hydrologic connecti ons for pollutants to enter the groundwater, we examined the fate of an e xogenous pesticide (atrazine) into such an aquifer and its impact on m icrobial ecosystem function. Atrazine and its degradation product deet hylatrazine (DEA) were detected in a fast-flowing karst aquifer under lying atrazineimpacted agricultural land. By establishing microbial cultur es with sediments from a cave conduit within this aquifer, we observed two distinct pathways of microbial atrazine degradation: (i) in cave sedimen ts previously affected by atrazine, apparent surface-derived catabolic gen es allowed the microbial communities to rapidly degrade atrazine v ia hydroxyatrazine, to cyanuric acid, and (ii) in low-impact sediments not previously exposed to this pesticide, atrazine was also degraded by mi crobial activity at a much slower rate, with DEA as the primary degradati on product. In sediments from both locations, atrazine affected ni trogen cycling by altering the abundance of nitrogen dissimulatory sp ecies able to use nitrogenous compounds for energy. The sum of these effects was that the presence of atrazine altered the natural microbial processes in these cave sediments, leading to an accumulation of nitrate. S uch changes in microbial ecosystem dynamics can alter the ability of DEA to serve as a proxy for atrazine contamination and can negatively affect ecosystem health and water quality in karst aquifers. INGERSOLL (T. E.), NAVO (K. W.) & VALPINE (P. de), 2010. Microclimate preferences during swarming and hibernation in the Townsend's big-eared bat, Corynorhinus townsendii Journal of Mammalogy 91(5, October):12421250. DOI: ABS: Townsend's big-eared bat ( Corynorhinus townsendii ) is a North American bat that hibernates in caves and mines. Th ese underground habitats also are important roost sites during fall swarming, a period during which bats undergo preparation for hibernati on. During swarming bats are very active at night, rousing frequently s everal times a night to fly within and between roosts. During hibernation n ighttime activity is suppressed so that bats rouse and move infrequently Daytime activity is suppressed during both periods by daily torpor. Bot h hibernacula and swarming roosts have particular thermal requirement s associated with energetic optimization. Swarming roosts tend to hav e a higher minimum temperature than hibernacula, facilitating efficien t arousal from torpor. Both roost types have low maximum temperatures, fac ilitating conservation of stored body fat resources. We explo red and tested preferences of C. townsendii for microclimates in these habitats. Our results confirm that C. townsendii prefers habitats that are thermally constrained such that temperatures and related micr oclimate variables are optimum for swarming or hibernation activities. KW: Bat, caves, habitat preference, hibernacula, hibernation, mines, swarmi ng. IPSEN (A.), 2010. How efficient are the non invasive protection measures in the Segeberg Cave in Norther n Germany for the population of bats and subterranean beetles:86. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August -3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961269-286-5. ABS: The natural monument Kalkberg, which includes the Segeberger Cave, the gypsum hill and the Small Sege berg Lake, is intensively influenced by human. If measures of pro tection are necessary, the Kalkberg Stadium, the show cave and the cave as a hibernating place for more than 22000 bats and the habitat for the en demic cave beetle Choleva septentrionis holsatica must be considered. During the last three years such measures of protection and the moderniza tion of the lighting with participation of experts were planned in the u nderground gypsum show cave, in cave passages not open for the public and on the overground rock faces of the hill. Most of these me asures are already realised. Thus it was possible to minimize the effe cts of primarily planned geotechnical measures. The focus was on noninvasive techniques to assure to protect the ecosystem. ISAIA (M.), 2010. Subterranean arachnids of the Western Italian Alps (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Palpig radi, Pseudoscorpiones):202-203. In: 18th International Congress of Arachnology, University of Podlasie & International Society of Arachnology, Siedlce, Pola nd, 1117 July 2010, Book of Abstracts, editor: Marek 9 ABKA, ISBN: 978-83-7051-575-1, 507 p. ABS: The presentation shows the results of five years of work dedicated to the Subterranean Arachnids of the Western Italian Alps. The work, that has jus t been published by the Natural Museum of Torino (NW-Italy), is based on un published material collected by Enrico LANA and Marco ISAIA throughout an intense field work from 2005 to 2010, on literature records and o n the complete revision of the material cited in the previous regi onal catalogue of the cave-dwelling spiders of Piemonte. The work is the outcome of a fruitful collaboration of several European arachnologists, w ho identified different arachnid groups. A special mention to Axel L. SCHN HOFER (Germany) and Erhard CHRISTIAN (Austria) for their contributions on harvestmen and palpigrades, respectively. Scorpions and mites have not been considered. The exclusion of scorpions is just ified by the trogloxenic life of the few species recorded in the studied area. Concerning mites, records of an extremely specializ ed species of Troglocheles (Prostigmata: Rhagidiidae) will be published separ ately. The work covers 366 subterranean cavities, most of them located in province of Cuneo (166), followed by Torino (69), B iella (38), Vercelli (30), Aosta (22), Novara (21), Verbania (15), and A lessandria (5). We present 104 species (74 spiders, 14 harvestmen, 2 p alpigrades, and 14 pseudoscorpions). Twelve (4 spiders, 2 palpigrades, and 6 pseudoscorpions) are considered as troglobiont on t he basis of obvious troglomorphy, 28 as troglophilic (20 spiders, 6 har vestmen, and 2 pseudoscorpions). For each species identification a ids are provided, including several illustrations of diagnostic featu res (original drawings), in situ photographs, maps of the hypogean localitie s in the Western Italian Alps, large-scale distribution and consider ations from the ecological and faunistic points of view. Spiders re present the major order of arachnids recorded in the study area, with Meta menardi and Metellina merianae being the most abundant, followed by Nesticus eremita Malthonica silvestris Pimoa rupicola and Troglohyphantes lucifuga The latter two are endemic to the southern and northern sectors of the Western Alps respectively. Most remarkable are the troglobi ont species of the genus Troglohyphantes ( T. konradi T. pedemontanus T. lanai ) that also show, together with the troglophilic T. bornensis T. nigraerosae and T. pluto the most restricted distributions. Another intere sting species is the troglobiont Nesticus morisii only known from the type locality in the Maritime Alps. Meta bourneti a troglophilic and markedly thermophilous species of Turanic-European-Mediterranean corotype, is confined, in NW Italy, to one cave in the province of Cuneo and a f ew caves in Susa Valley (province of Torino). Among opilionids, the most interesting taxa are Holoscotolemon oreophilum three species of Ischyropsalis and Leiobunum religiosum All of these species show restricted distribution and a strong relation with subterranean habitats. P alpigrades represent the flagship of this work and of the entire arachnologi cal fauna of the Western Italian Alps. The data presented in the boo k are of outstanding significance. According to current knowledge, the s outh-western part of the Alpine chain houses Eukoenenia bonadonai and E. strinatii Both species belong to the spelaea/austriaca complex and show highly developed troglomorphic features. Records are from three caves in the province of Cuneo. Despite the lack of details and the difficulty in finding updated information on the Western Alpine species, the pseudoscorpion section is mainly based on literature data. Several species such as Pseudoblothrus peyerimhoffi P. ellingseni Chthonius italicus C. troglophilus and Neobisium zoiai deserve special attention for their pronounced troglomorphy and the restricted distribu tion. With respect to overall arachnid species richness, the most importa nt caves are located in the Alpine districts of Alpi Marittime and Alpi Lig uri (province of Cuneo) which may thus be considered as a hot-spot o f biodiversity. Curiously, the most interesting assemblage is found in an artificial cave, the abandoned military bunker of Vernante (province of Cuneo), that houses 9 species of subterranean arachnids. Among t hese, at least 6 taxa are extremely specialized and some of them, like Troglohyphantes konradi and Nesticus morisii (for which the bunker is the locus typicus), show restricted or punctual distribution. The curre nt state of conservation policy in the Western Italian Alps is also discusse d. Nearly one third (122) of the recorded caves are situated in Protect ed Areas, but only in five cases the cave habitat ("8310, Caves not open to public" according to 92/43 Habitat Directive) is mentioned in the offici al document. Despite the presence of extraordinary biocoenoses and the p roximity to protected


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 49 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 areas, a number of caves are still unprotected. Exa mples are the abovementioned military bunker of Vernante, which is als o known for the presence of endemic cave-dwelling insects, and many caves in the Southern and Western Alpine districts, which likewi se harbour numerous specialized endemics. The vulnerability of several populations of species deserving protection measures, such as Ischyropsalis carli Nesticus morisii Troglohyphantes pluto Meta bourneti Neobisium zoiai and Pseudoblothrus peyerimhoffi is highlighted. ISAIA (M.) & PANTINI (P.), 2010. New data on the spider genus Troglohyphantes (Araneae, Linyphiidae) in the Italian Alps, with the description of a new species and a new synonymy. Zootaxa 2690(November 29):1-18, 9 pl., 42 rf. ABS: In this paper we describe Troglohyphantes lanai n. sp. from Pennine Alps and the unknown female of T. bonzanoi from Ligurian Alps. Based on the collection of new mater ial and on the examination of the paratypes, T. delmastroi Pesarini, 2001 is proposed as junior synonym of T. iulianae Brignoli, 1971 (new synonymy). We also provide new faunistic and ecological data on the It alian species of Troglohyphantes focusing mainly on Central Italian Alps. Phenetic species groups previously proposed in literature fo r the Italian species have been updated in view of recent literature and new findings. Pesarini's complexes of species are used to map the species distribution in the Italian Alps. KW: Cave-dwelling spiders, endemi sm, systematics. IUCN, 2010. Species of the Day: Kitti's Hog-nosed Bat. June. 1 p. ves IUCN, 2010. Species of the Day: Madagascan Rousette. May. 1 p. ves IVAN (O.) & VASILIU (N. A.), 2010. Fauna of Oribatid mites (Acari, Oribatida) from the Movile Cave area (Dobrogea, Romania). Travaux de l'Institut de Spologie "mile Racovitza" 49:29-40. ABS: The paper discusses the results of the investigations performed on the oribatid fau na collected from the Movile Cave area. 35 species, belonging to 25 gener a and 17 families have been identified; among them 2 genera and 6 spe cies are new for the Romanian fauna. The taxonomic and zoogeographical s pectrum of the fauna was analyzed, as well as the occurrence of th e species depending on depth. KW: Fauna, oribatid mites, Movile Cave. JAHELKOV (H.) & VAŠ KOV (P.), 2010. Social calls and behaviour of Rousettus aegyptiacus : First results:182183. In: 15th International Bat Research Conference, Prague, 22-27 August 2010, the conference manual: Programme, abstracts, list of participants, edited by: Ivan HOR EK and Petr BENDA, ISBN 978-80-87154-46-5, 380 p. ABS: Social calls and social behaviour was recorded in a captive colony of 30 to 50 individuals of Rousettus aegyptiacus in Prague zoo. Flying foxes are kept in tropical nocturnal pavilio n designed as artificial cave with possibility of free flight across whole a rea. The calls and respective behaviour were recorded 90 min prior the full "bat night" with use of infra-red torch and camera with night shot. The calls were divided into five main categories: (a) tonal calls with mul tiple harmonics (fundamental loudest frequency 0.75-1.16 kHz, frequ ency with maximal energy 4.5-14.5 kHz, duration 34-251 ms), (b) broad band screech-like calls (frequency with maximal energy 3.3-16.0 kHz, duration 32-348 kHz), (c) series of converted V-shaped high-pitched calls (fundamental loudest frequency 8-11 kHz), (d) series of weak sho rt steep FM calls, (e) tonal calls of juveniles (fundamental loudest frequ ency 1.5-3.0 kHz, frequency with maximal energy 1.8-12.0 kHz). First two types were produced during face to face (wrestling) or face to back (biting the neck, usually male female) interaction. Besides aggress ive behaviour were recorded also grooming activities, cluster distribu tion, movements, etc. During time of early lactation were observed protec tion of mother with juvenile by a male against other individuals and le aving off juveniles at nearby branches during time of feeding. JALI n (B.) & BREGOVI n (P.), 2010. The edge of the range of genus Anthroherpon in Croatia:156, poster presentation. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August -3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961269-286-5. ABS: Although they have always attracted the attent ion of many biologists, subterranean beetles of genus Anthroherpon deserve to be still observed. The Republic of Croatia is the e dge of their range, and no one has yet systematically analysed data on them As part of the posters it will be presented the historical and rec ent data of these interesting beetles, as a result of re-survey of kn own sites from the existing literature (two caves: Špilja za Groma kom vlakom, Mo iljska špilja; one pit: Glogova jama). It will also be pro cessed data from new sites (Kornjatuša jama) and will be compared with t he nearest cave type locality in Bosnia ans Herzegovina. For now, the sp ecies recorded in Croatia are Anhtroherpon apfelbecki apfelbecki and Anthroherpon matulici. During this study the discovery of new taxa is poss ible. The poster will clearly display the distribution and ta xonomy of the genus Anthroherpon in Croatia. There will be also a small note on the genus Leptomeson JAN I (N.), 2010. Which animal and plant species are the most exposed to the consequences of global warming in Slovenia and which social consequences are related to them? JANION (C.), 2010. The search for springtails: Boomslang and Silvermine, November 2010. Cape Peninsula Speleological Society (CPSS) Newsletter (December):2 p. JANSSENS (F.) & DE BRUYN (L.), 2010. III. Entomologische Bijdragen. III.1. A new cave species of the genus Oncopodura Carl & Lebedinsky, 1905 from Belgium (Collembola: Oncopoduridae). Entomo-Info 21(3):49-56. ABS: An undescribed species of Oncopodura was found by Leruth (1939) while making his inventory of the fauna of Belgian caves. The "lost" collection of Collembola specimen s of 1932-1934 of Leruth was backtracked by Michel Dethier and eventu ally recovered from the Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales of Madrid in Spain. In the Delhez collection of Belgian cave fauna, inventoris ed by Michel Dethier, some Oncopodura specimens were tentatively identified as Oncopodura reyersdorfensis During a more recent exploration of Belgian caves (1999-2001), Michel Dethier recovered new specimens of an undescribed Oncopodura with a post-antennal organ similar to that of Oncopodura reyersdorfensis which was tentatively published as a new undescri bed species. The new species, Oncopodura dethieri sp. nov., is here described as a new species to science. ABS: Leruth (1939) ont dekte een nog niet beschreven soort Oncopodura gedurende het opstellen van een inventaris van de Belgische grotten fauna. Leruth's verloren g ewaande verzameling van Collembola specimens van 1932-1934 werd opgespo ord door Michel Dethier en teruggevonden in het Museo Nacional de C iencias Naturales te Madrid in Spanje. In de Delhez verzameling van de B elgische grotten fauna, genventariseerd door Michel Dethier, werden enkele Oncopodura specimens onder voorbehoud gedentificeerd als Oncopodura reyersdorfensis In de loop van een meer recente exploratie van Be lgische grotten (1999-2001) vond Michel Dethier nieuwe spec imens van een nog niet beschreven soort Oncopodura met een post-antennaal orgaan gelijkende op dat van Oncopodura reyersdorfensis die voorlopig gepubliceerd werden als een nieuwe soort. De nieuwe soort, Oncopodura dethieri sp. nov., wordt hier beschreven als een nieuwe soo rt voor de wetenschap. KW: Cave species, post-antennal organ, 3D reconstruction, confocal laser scanning microscopy. JEFFERY (W. R.), 2010. Pleiotropic tradeoffs between constructive and regressive traits during troglomor phic evolution:117-118. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August -3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961269-286-5. ABS: The adaptive benefits of regressive troglomorp hic traits, such as eye and pigment degeneration, are d ifficult to identify in cave animals. We have approached this problem by st udying the developmental and molecular relationships between s everal different constructive and regressive traits. In the cavefish Astyanax mexicanus sonic hedgehog (shh) overexpression along the embryonic midline is responsible for eye degeneration. Subsequently, shh overexpression spreads to the cavefish oral-pharyngeal area. Cavef ish have constructive oral-pharyngeal traits, including larger mouths and more taste buds, relative to surface dwelling Astyanax A tradeoff between constructive oral pharyngeal development and optic degeneration has been demonstrated by conditional shh overexpression in surface Astyanax


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 50 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 embryos, which increases mouth and taste bud develo pment at the expense of eyes via pleiotropic Shh signaling. Cave fish lack melanin synthesis in regressed pigment cells due to loss-of -function mutations in oca2 which normally regulates the supply of L-DOPA pre cursor during melanin synthesis. The block in cavefish pigmentati on occurs at a metabolic branch point in which L-tyrosine is norma lly converted either (1) to L-DOPA, DOPAquinone, and melanin by tyrosina se or (2) to LDOPA, dopamine, and related catecholamines by tyros ine hydroxylase and other enzymes. A similar block in the initial s tep of melanin synthesis has evolved independently in the cave plant hopper Oliarus polyphemus and other diverse cave animals. In Astyanax cavefish, the benefit of lost melanin pigment appears to be the production of exc ess L-DOPA and its derivative dopamine by the second alternative pathw ay, which promotes constructive development of dopaminergic neurons an d enhances the magnitude of adaptive feeding behavior. We conclude that the evolution of beneficial constructive traits could have driven regressive traits via developmental tradeoffs encoded in pleiotropic gene s, which adapt cave animals to life in darkness. JEFFERY (W. R.) & STRICKLER (A. G.), 2010. Chapter 6. Development as an Evolutionary Process in Astyanax Cavefishes:141-182. DOI: In: TRAJANO (E.), BICHUETTE (M. E.) & KAPOOR (B. G.), Biology of Subterranean Fishes. Edited by TRAJANO (E.), BICHUETTE (M. E.) & KAPOOR (B. G.). ISBN: 978-1-57808-670-2. eBook ISBN: 978-1-4398-4048-1. Science Publishers 2010. 460 p. JIANG (T.), LIU (R.), METZNER (W.), YOU (Y.), LI (S .), LIU (S.) & FENG (J.), 2010. Geographical and individual variation in echolocation calls of the intermediate leafnosed bat, Hipposideros larvatus Ethology 116(8, August):691-703. DOI: ABS: The cause and significance of variation in echolocation call frequency within hipposiderid bat s is not well understood despite an increasing number of allopatr ic and sympatric examples being documented. We examined variation pa tterns in the resting frequency (RF) of echolocation calls emitte d by the intermediate leaf-nosed bat, Hipposideros larvatus on a broad geographical scale. Data mining technology and Kruskal-Wallis test both showed substantial variation with a longitudinal pattern in RF in H. larvatus among colonies, and this variation was associated with geographical distance and not body size. In addition, we found that a high degree of v ariability between individuals was hidden under the geographical varia tion. The results support an effect of random cultural drift, and cha llenge the prey detection hypothesis. Moreover, an acoustic differe nce among local island colonies may be indicative of a vocal dialec t. We found that each colony of H. larvatus seems to maintain a "private bandwidth", which could be used for colony identity and individual co mmunication thus helping individuals and colonies to get a number of fitness benefits. JOCHUM (A.), WEIGAND (A. M.), SLAPNIK (R.) & KLUSSMANN-KOLB (A.), 2010. Zospeum : Luminaries of the Dark Barcoding highlights an old taxonomic conundrum besetting microsnails (Pulmonata, Ellobio idea, Carychiidae). Abstract. The Malacological Society o f London Molluscan Forum, Nov. 30, 2010, NHM London, UK. JOHNSON (J. B.), FORD (W. M.), RODRIGUE (J. L.), EDWARDS (J. W.) & JOHNSON (C. M.), 2010. Roost selection by male Indiana myotis following forest f ires in Central Appalachian Hardwoods Forests. Journal of Fish and Wildlife Management 1(2):111-121; e1944-687X. DOI: JONES (B.), 2010. Microbes in caves: agents of calcite corrosion and precipitation:7-30. DOI: In: PEDLEY (H. M.) & ROGERSON (M.), Tufas and Speleothems: Unravelling the Microbial and Physical Controls Edited by: PEDLEY (H. M.) & ROGERSON (M.), University of Hull, UK. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 336. ABS: Diverse biogenic and abiogenic processes produ ce calcite speleothems. From a biogenic perspective, cave micr obes mediate a wide range of destructive and constructive processes tha t collectively influence the growth of calcite speleothems and their interna l fabrics. Destructive processes include substrate breakdown by dissolutio n, boring and residue micrite production, whereas constructive processes include microbe calcification, trapping and binding of detrital par ticles to substrates, and microbial induced calcite precipitation. Biogenesis can be established from: (1) the presence of mineralized microbes; (2) fabrics, such as stromatolite-like structures, that can be attribute d to microbial activity; and/or (3) geochemical proxies (carbon and oxygen i sotopes, lipid biomarkers) considered indicative of microbe activi ty. Such criteria have, for example, been used to demonstrate microbial inv olvement in the formation of pool fingers, stalactites/stalagmites, cave pisoliths and moonmilk. Nevertheless, absolute proof of microbial biogenesis in calcitic speleothems is commonly difficult because taphonomic processes and/or diagenetic processes commonly mask evidence of microbial activity. The assumption that calcitic speleothems are abiogenic, which has been tacitly assumed in many studies, is danger ous as there is clear evidence that microbes thrive in most caves and can directly and indirectly influence calcite precipitation in many different ways. JONES (D. S.), TOBLER (D.), SCHAPERDOTH (I.), MAINIERO (M.) & MACALADY (J. L.), 2010. Community structure of subsurface biofilms from the thermal sulfidic caves of Acquasanta Terme, Italy. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 76(17, September):59025910. DOI: JUAN (C.) & EMERSON (B. C.), 2010. Evolution underground: shedding light on the diversification of subterranean insects. Journal of Biology 9(3):17, 5 p. DOI: ABS: A recent study in BMC Evolutionary Biology has reconstructed the molecular phylogeny of a large Mediterranean cave-dwelling beetle clade, rev ealing an ancient origin and strong geographic structuring. It seems likely that diversification of this clade in the Oligocene was seeded by an ancestor already adapted to subterranean life. See research article webcit e. JUAN (C.), GUZIK (M. T.), JAUME (D.) & COOPER (S. J. B.), 2010. Evolution in caves: Darwin's "wrecks of ancient life" in the molecular era. Molecular Ecology 19(18, September):3865-3880. DOI: ABS: Cave animals have historically attracted the attent ion of evolutionary biologists because of their bizarre "regressive" ch aracters and convergent evolution. However, understanding of their biogeogr aphic and evolutionary history, including mechanisms of speci ation, has remained elusive. In the last decade, molecular data have be en obtained for subterranean taxa and their surface relatives, whic h have allowed some of the classical debates on the evolution of cave faun a to be revisited. Here, we review some of the major studies, focusing on th e contribution of phylogeography in the following areas: biogeographi c history and the relative roles of dispersal and vicariance, coloniz ation history, cryptic species diversity and modes of speciation of cave a nimals. We further consider the limitations of current research and pr ospects for the future. Phylogeographic studies have confirmed that cave sp ecies are often cryptic, with highly restricted distributions, but have also shown that their divergence and potential speciation may occur despi te the presence of gene flow from surface populations. Significantly, phylogeographic studies have provided evidence for speciation and a daptive evolution within the confines of cave environments, questioni ng the assumption that cave species evolved directly from surface anc estors. Recent technical developments involving "next generation" DNA sequencing and theoretical developments in coalescent and populati on modelling are likely to revolutionize the field further, particul arly in the study of speciation and the genetic basis of adaptation and convergent evolution within subterranean habitats. In summary, phylogeog raphic studies have provided an unprecedented insight into the evolutio n of these unique fauna, and the future of the field should be inspir ing and data rich. KW: Cave animals, cryptic species, phylogeography, spec iation, subterranean, vicariance and dispersal. JUBERTHIE (C.), 2010. Jacques Pierre DURAND, 12 Juillet 1936 13 Avril 2007. SIBIOS-ISSB Newsletter 7(20062010):26-34.


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 51 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 JUBERTHIE (C.), 2010. Mesovoid shallow substratum (MSS):25-26. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August -3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961269-286-5. ABS: The MSS was discovered by Juberthie et al. (19 80, 1981) in the French Pyrenees, then in 1981 in Carpa thian Mountains in Romania (Juberthie et al.). At the same time Ueno d escribed in Japan the Upper Hypogean Habitat. In 1986, Oromi et al. descr ibed from Canary Islands a Volcanic MSS type found also in Hawaii by Howarth. The MSS is present in mountains of the temperate zone. The MSS is recorded at least from: Canary Islands, Spain, France, Italy, A ustria, Czech Republic, Slovenia, Romania, Bulgaria, Greece, Turkey, Japan, Taiwan, China, Hawaii. The MSS is located beneath the last mineral horizon of soil and the compact bedrock. The more frequent MSS is compo sed of a network of small voids in screes covered by soil. When a so il has covered the scree, a climatic subterranean habitat, similar to the climate of caves is generated and a new MSS is available for colonizati on. The difference consists in the greater range of seasonal temperatu re variations. In karstic areas the MSS lies at the foot of carbonated cliffs ; it can be connected with caves. The second type is very superficial cra cks of the rocks, covered by soil. The third type is the Volcanic MSS in scoriaceous layers or in some types of lava flow, or in combination of the first and the second. The MSS extends the subterranean habitat. I t is present in karstic areas but mainly in other types of rocks, without c aves. Trophic resources consist in organic matters introduced by meteoric w aters, and soil animals which penetrate passively or actively. Two fauna co mmunities inhabit the MSS: one specific to the MSS, and the other compose d of selected soil dwellers. The specific community is composed of tro glophile and troglobiotic species, the same as in caves, or spec ific to MSS. Dominant group, the Coleoptera Trechinae and Leptodirinae: a round 120 troglobitic species, and 46 genera. Also found are: Isopoda, Ps eudoscorpiones, Araneae, Chilopoda, Diplopoda, Collembola, Campodea Blattaria, Orthoptera, Diptera. In Pyrenees, a scree on a slop e of a glacial valley was formed at the end of the last glacial period, f rom 24000 to 12000 BP, the genesis of the MSS began 12000-13000 years ago when climate changed, and a soil covered the scree. It was colon ized by Coleoptera Aphaenops and Speonomus migrating from small popula tions surviving in limestone caves in the neighbouring karstic mass if. The MSS is really a permanent subterranean habitat similar to caves. JUGOVIC (J.), 2010. Vrstna in rasna morfološka diferenciacija jamskih kozic Troglocaris aggr. anophthalmus (Crustacea: Decapoda: Atyidae) na Dinarskem krasu [Cave shrimps Troglocaris aggr. anophthalmus (Crustacea: Decapoda: Atyidae), species and racial morphological differentiation in the din aric karst]. Doktorska disertacija [Doctoral dissertatio n], Univerza v Ljubljani, Biotehniška fakulteta, Oddele k za biologijo, Ljubljana, 2010, 173 p. JUGOVIC (J.), PREVOR NIK (S.), ALJAN I (G.) & SKET (B.), 2010. The shrimp rostrum between phylogeny and adaptation:118, poster presentation. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICS B 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: Cave shrimps of the subgenus Troglocaris (Crustacea: Decapoda: Atyidae), exhibit high variability in rostral length and dentition. In the shrimp populations that are co-occurring with its amphibian predator Proteus anguinus longer rostra armed with more numerous teeth are recorded. These shrimps are also larger than the ones living in the presumably Proteus -free environment. Discrepancies between the molecularly established phylogenetic relations and distributions of rostral length, as well as body size, directed our search towards possible environm ental influences and possible defence mechanisms of cave shrimps. Althou gh there are some exceptions, the common use of the rostral length is disputable in the diagnoses of the Atyid taxa. In preliminary laborat ory observations no successful frontal attack of Proteus was recorded on shrimps with long rostra. Also, a handling time of Proteus feeding on shrimps with long rostra was longer. JUGOVIC (J.), PREVOR NIK (S.), BLEJEC (A.) & SKET (B.), 2010. Linking molecular phylogeny to morphological evolution in Troglocaris (Crustacea: Decapoda: Atyidae):58. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 Aug ust-3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961269-286-5. ABS: Ever since first species of Troglocaris (Dormitzer, 1853) was described the taxonomy of the genus has b een unresolved. Only after the phylogenetic reconstruction (COI, 16 S rRNA and 28S rRNA) of the putative Troglocaris taxa from three separated distribution areas from the Dinarides (Western Balkan Peninsul a), S France and Caucasus their phylogenetic relationships were re vealed. The only French species was relocated into a new genus as Gallocaris inermis Sket & Zakšek, 2009, being more closely related to the e pigean Dugastella valentina (Ferrer Galdiano, 1924) than to its supposed conge ners. The taxa from the other two areas constitute a monophyl um comprising the Caucasian Xiphocaridinella Sadovsky, 1930, and three Dinaric subgenera: sg. Troglocaris (= Troglocaris s. str.), sg. Spelaeocaris Matjaši 1956 and sg. Troglocaridella Babi 1922. Eleven species and phylogroups of the Dinaric subgenera were morphomet rically analysed. The accordance of morphology and molecular data is demonstrated by multivariate statistical analyses. Although already a set of non-sexual characters enables distinct separation of all subge nera, optimal accordance of morphological and molecular data is a chieved by the consideration of sexual characters in adult males. At the subgeneric level, both phylogenetic subclades of the subgenus Spelaeocaris are morphologically recognized, together with most of t heir species. In Troglocaris s. str., however, only a combination of numerous c haracters can separate phylogroups to some extent. A few char acters, inappropriate for the multivariate statistics support the separat ion additionally. While the majority of the morphometric characters seem to be a subject of a phylogenetic patrimony, rostral characteristics and body size may be a result of adaptation. Eventually, the molecular app roach remains the most appropriate for a reliable determination of the mos t Troglocaris s. str. species and phylogroups. JURADO (V.), PORCA (E.), CUEZVA (S.), FERNANDEZ-CORTES (A.), SNCHEZ-MORAL (S.) & SIZ-JIMNEZ (C.), 2010. Fungal outbreak in a show cave. Science of the Total Environment 408(17, August 1st):3632-3638. DOI: ABS: Castaar de Ibor Cave (Spain) was discovered in 196 7 and declared a Natural Monument in 1997. In 2003 the cave was open ed to public visits. Despite of extensive control, on 26 August 2008 the cave walls and sediments appeared colonized by long, white fungal mycelia. This event was the result of an accidental input of detritus o n the afternoon of 24 August 2008. We report here a fungal outbreak initi ated by Mucor circinelloides and Fusarium solani and the methods used to control it. KW: Show caves, Fungal outbreak, Control of fungi, Mucor circinelloides Fusarium solani JUSTINIANO (E. D.), NIEVES-RIVERA (. M.) & SANTOS-FLORES (C. J.), 2010. Preliminary Survey of Copepods from Cueva Clara, Ro Camuy Caves Park, Puerto Rico. Espeleorevista Puerto Rico 3(JunioDiciembre):13-16. ABS: Recent surveys have recorded cosmopolitan cyclopoid copepods such as Macrocyclops albidus Mesocyclops aspericorni Microcyclops varicans and Eucyclops agilis from Cueva Clara de Empalme (or Cueva Clara) in the Ro Camuy Caves Park of the Ro Camuy Cave System (RCCS) in the northern karst of Puerto Rico. Our findings do not support the widely accepted not ion that cave dwelling organisms are for the most part endemic an d/or highly specialized species, leading to the conclusion that not all cave fauna is necessarily endemic. Further detailed examination o f cave-dwelling copepod fauna using molecular techniques would prov e beneficial in determining whether species found are indeed indivi duals of a particular species with a wide distribution, or if the presenc e of cryptic species is a viable explanation. KW: Copepoda, Cyclopoidea, micr ocrustaceans, karst, caverns, Caribbean. KAJI (T.) & TSUKAGOSHI (A.), 2010. Heterochrony and modularity in the degeneration of maxillopodan naup lius eyes. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 99(3,


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 52 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 March):521-529. DOI: ABS: Eye degeneration is a general evolutionary tendency shown in many animal groups t hat are adapted to dark environments. Thus far, the degenerative proce ss has only been discussed within a few taxonomic units, in terms of both evolution and development, and more studies are needed to deal ad equately with this area of ostracod biology. The ostracods and copepod s examined in the present study are small crustaceans that are widely diversified in the aquatic environment, and also in interstitial envir onments, and their "nauplius eyes" (primitive eye in Crustacea; typica lly composed of three or four ocelli) show various degrees of degeneratio n. The ultrastructure and ontogeny of their degenerated nauplius eyes are described for the first time in the present study, using transmission elect ron microscopy. According to our observations, two morphotypes for degenerative nauplius eyes (i. e. "tapetal-less form" and "pigme nt reduced form") are found in both taxa. The first description of the em bryogenesis of normal (none-degenerated) nauplius eyes of surface species is also provided. From a comparison between the embryogenesis of norm al nauplius eyes and the postembryogenic development of the "tapetal -less form", it is strongly suggested that the "tapetal-less form" is derived by paedomorphic evolution. On the basis of our observa tions, as well as on previous studies, we propose the hypothesis that mo dularity, in the form of hierarchical interactions, exists in the naupliu s eye (i. e. the tapetal cells constitute an independent developmental modul e to be distinguished from other developmental or functional modules, inc luding both the pigmented cells and the sensory cells). According t o our hypothesis on the nauplius eyes, we also discuss the possibility that the degenerative process is constrained within the general developme ntal and functional context. KW: Copepoda, interstitial, ontogeny, Ostr acoda. KANAGARAJ (C.), MARIMUTHU (G.) & RAJAN (K. E.), 2010. Genetic analysis on three South Indian sympatric hipposiderid bats (Chiroptera, Hipposider idae) [Anlisis gentico de tres murcilagos hiposidrido s (Chiroptera, Hipposideridae) simptricos del sur de la India]. Animal Biodiversity and Conservation 33(2):187194. ABS: In mitochondrial DNA, variations in the sequen ce of 16S rRNA region were analyzed to infer the genetic rela tionship and population history of three sympatric hipposiderid bats, Hipposideros speoris H. fulvus and H. ater Based on the DNA sequence data, we observed relatively lower haplotype and higher nucl eotide diversity in H. speoris than in the other two species. The pairwise compar isons of the genetic divergence inferred a genetic relationship between the three hipposiderid bats. We used haplotype sequences to c onstruct a phylogenetic tree. Maximum parsimony and Bayesian i nference analysis generated a tree with similar topology. H. fulvus and H. ater formed one cluster and H. speoris formed another cluster. Analysis of the demographic history of populations using Jajima's D test revealed past changes in populations. Comparison of the observed distribution of pairwise differences in the nucleotides with expect ed sudden expansion model accepts for H. fulvus and H. ater but not for H. speoris populations. KW: Chiroptera, Hipposideros mtDNA, 16S rRNA, Phylogeny. RES: Se analizaron las variaciones en la s secuencias de la regin del ARNr 16S del ADN mitocondrial, con el fi n de deducir la relacin gentica y la historia de la poblacin de tres murcilagos hiposidridos simptricos: Hipposideros speoris H. fulvus e H. ater Basndonos en los datos de las secuencias del ADN, observamos una diversidad de nucletidos mayor y una diversidad ha plotpica relativamente menor en H. speoris que en las otras dos especies. Las comparaciones por pares de la divergencia gentica dio como resultado una relacin gentica entre los tres murcilagos hi posidridos. Utilizamos las secuencias haplotpicas para construir un rbol filogentico. Los anlisis de inferencia bayesiana y de mxima parsim onia dieron lugar a un rbol con una topologa similar. H. fulvus e H. ater formaban un conglomerado, y H. speoris formaba otro conglomerado. El anlisis de la historia demogrfica de las poblaciones, utilizando el test D de Jajima, puso de manifiesto cambios de poblacin sucedidos e n el pasado. La comparacin de la distribucin observada de las dif erencias de nucletidos por pares con el modelo previsto de exp ansin sbita se acepta para las poblaciones de H. fulvus e H. ater pero no as para las de H. speoris PC: Chiroptera, Hipposideros ADNm, ARNr 16S, Filogenia. 79 KA UCH (P.), FORN SKOV (A.), BARTONI KA (T.), BRYJA (J.) & EHK (Z.), 2010. Do two cryptic pipistrelle bat species differ in their autumn and winter roosting strategies within the range of sympatry? Folia Zoologica 59(2):102-107. ABS: Large hibernating aggregations and behaviour called late summer or autumn "invasio ns" when large groups of bats enter buildings are known in pipistr elles. We investigated differences in roosting behaviour between two crypt ic species (common pipistrelle, Pipistrellus pipistrellus and soprano pipistrelle, Pipistrellus pygmaeus ) during autumn and winter periods. In total 463 ba ts were sampled in both caves and buildings with temporary occurrence during the period of late summer and autumn mating and pre sumable migrations from late July to September (10 sites), and in all known types of hibernacula from late November to March (34 sites). Sampling sites were located within the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Serbia and Romania in areas where the two species occur sympatrically thr oughout the summer. Using a DNA-based identification method, all but fo ur individuals were identifi ed as P. pipistrellus It means that winter roosts of P. pygmaeus remain largely unknown in the area. Similarly, no P. pygmaeus was found in the "invasion" assemblages. Very abundant groups of P. pipistrellus in underground hibernacula and its exclusive occurrenc e in sites of "invasions" suggest that roosting behaviour during this time may be species-specific. KW: Pipistrellus ecology, hibernacula, invasions, PCRidentification. KARAMAN (I. M.) & OZIMEC (R.), 2010. New longlegged cave-dwelling representatives of the Balkan genus Cyphophthalmus (Opiliones, Cyphophthalmi, Sironidae) and the question of functional significance of trog lobite appendage elongation:119. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slove nia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: During recent biospeleological research of the Velebit Mountains (Croatia), performed by me mbers of Croatian biospeleological Society (CBSS), new taxa of the ge nus Cyphophthalmus (Opiliones, Sironidae) have been found. New taxa in habit all regions of Velebit Mountains regularly in ca. 100 m deep cave habitat. New Cyphophthalmus taxa are characterized by very elongated appendages compared with some closely related troglobitic spec ies from the same genus and troglobitic sironids generally. There are some endogean representatives of the same genus with elongated ap pendages too. This fact opens a question about functional significance of appendage elongation in troglobites, as a rule. Is it an adap tation or not? Specimens of new Cyphophthalmus from North and Middle Velebit show some morphoanatomical differences compared with specimen s from South Velebit. But molecular analyses show no differences between the two taxa considered to be two different subspecies. Due to the fact that all collected specimens are females and that their receptacula seminis are not well sclerotized, we assume that the taxa are parth enogenetic. KARANOVIC (T.), 2010. First record of the harpacticoid genus Nitocrellopsis (Copepoda, Ameiridae) in Australia, with descriptions of three new species. Annales de Limnologie International Journal of Limnology 46(4):249-280. DOI: ABS: Three new freshwater ameirid species were discovered in the W estern Australian subterranean habitats and described in this paper. They all proved to belong to the genus Nitocrellopsis Galassi, De Laurentiis & Dole-Olivier, 1999, representing the first record of this genus i n Australia. Nitocrellopsis operculata sp. nov. was collected in 2003 in the Pilbara region, during the Pilbara Regional Survey, led by the Western Australian Department of Environment and Conservation (DEC). I t can be distinguished from all other congeners by the reduc ed armature of the antennal exopod, which is an autapomorphic feature. Also, no other species of Nitocrellopsis has cuticular windows on prosomal or urosomal somites, or six elements on the third exopodal segm ent of the second leg. Nitocrellopsis halsei sp. nov. and N. pinderi sp. nov. are sister-species, collected in 2007 in the neighbouring Yilgarn regio n, by the private environmental consulting company Bennelongia Pty Lt d. Numerous morphological similarities include somite ornamenta tion, armature patterns of the swimming legs and the fifth leg, as well as the shape and armature of the antennula, antenna and almost all m outh appendages, while the main differences between the two are obse rved in the body size and habitus appearance, caudal rami shape and size, presence/absence of large lateral pores on the fourth pedigerous somite number of spinules on


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 53 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 the anal operculum, number of setae on the madibula r endopod, and shape of the exopod of the fifth leg. Although they differ from any other congener by a combination of characters, no signifi cant autapomorphic features were observed. In order to find a more nat ural allocation of these three species, a cladistic analysis is performed on all current members of Nitocrellopsis and three outgroup taxa, based on 45 morphological characters. The resulting cladogram shows that the ingroup is well defined by at least four synapomorphies, but the Au stralian species from the two regions are only remotely related to each o ther, showing the importance of looking at small-scale patterns when inferring Gondwanan biogeography. Three sister-species pairs are recogn ized in the genus and a key to all 12 members is provided. KW: Cladistics phylogeny, Pilbara, stygofauna, subterranean, Tethyan relics, Western A ustralia, Yilgarn, zoogeography. KARAYTU (S.), SAK (S.) & ALPER (A.), 2010. A new species of Odaginiceps Fiers, 1995 (Copepoda, Harpacticoida, Tetragonicipitidae) from the Mediter ranean coast of Turkey. ZooKeys 53:1-12. DOI: ABS: Male and female of Odaginiceps korykosensis sp. n. (Copepoda, Harpacticoida, Tetragonicipitidae), collected in the intertidal zo ne of Kzkalesi beach along the Mediterranean coast of Turkey (Mersin Pro vince), are described. The new species is the fifth member of t he genus and can easily be distinguished from the other species by t he presence of four setae/spines on the second endopodal segment of P4 and by the structure of the caudal rami. Previously, representatives of the genus Odaginiceps have been reported from Gulf of Mexico, off Bermuda and Kenya. O. korykosensis sp. n. is the first record of the genus in the Med iterranean Sea. KW: Harpacticoida, Tetragonicipitidae, Odaginiceps taxonomy, new species. KAYA (R. S.), KUNT (K. B.), MARUSIK (Y. M.) & U URTA ( H.), 2010. A new species of Tegenaria Latreille, 1804 (Araneae, Agelenidae) from Turkey. ZooKeys 51:1-16. DOI: ABS: A new species of the spider genus Tegenaria Latreille, 1804 is described, based on newly collected specimens from Turkey. Detailed mor phological descriptions, diagnosis and figures of the copulato ry organs of both sexes are presented. Finally, a checklist and distributio n maps for Turkish Tegenaria species are provided. KW: Agelenidae, new species, Tegenaria Turkey. KEIM (B.), 2010. Desperate Efforts to Save Endangered Bats May Fail. Wired Science (March 12, 6:30 am). KEIM (B.), 2010. Controversy Erupts Over Captive Endangered Bat Colony. Wired Science (March 18, 11:41 am). y-update/ KEIM (B.), 2010. America's Most Common Bat Headed for Eastern Extinction. Wired Science (August 5, 2:00 pm). KEIM (B.), 2010. Bat Disease Threatens to Close America's Caves. Wired Science (October 18, 6:30 am). ings/ KEIM (B.), 2010. A Visit to a Site of the Batpocalypse. Wired Science (November 12, 6:59 am). e-cavevisit/?pid=523&viewall=true KEIM (B.), 2010. Feds Criticized in Fight Against Killer Bat Disease. Wired Science (November 12, 7:00 am). e-plan/ KEIM (B.), 2010. The Desperate Battle Against Killer Bat Plague. Wired Science (December 8, 7:00 am). e-syndrome/ KETMAIER (V.), DI RUSSO (C.), RAMPINI (M.) & COBOLLI (M.), 2010. Genetic divergence in the cave cricket Troglophilus neglectus (Orthoptera, Rhaphidophoridae): mitochondrial and nuclear DNA da ta. Subterranean Biology 7(2009, December):25-33. KLINGENBERG (C. P.), 2010. There's something afoot in the evolution of ontogenies. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2010 10(July 22):221. DOI: ABS: Allometry, the association between size and shape, has long been considered an evolutionary constraint because of it s ability to channel variation in particular directions in response to e volution of size. Several recent studies, however, have demonstrated that all ometries themselves can evolve. Therefore, constraints based on these a llometries are not constant over long evolutionary time scales. The ch anges in ontogeny appear to have a clear adaptive basis, which establ ishes a feedback loop from adaptive change of ontogeny through the altere d developmental constraints to the potential for further evolutiona ry change. Altogether, therefore, this new evidence underscores the tight interactions between developmental and ecological factors in the evoluti on of morphological traits. KYS (G.), & WOOSZYN (B. W.), 2010. Ecological aspects of bat hibernacula in temperate climate zon e of Central Europe. Travaux du Musum national d'Histoire naturelle "Grigore Antipa" 53(Dcembre):489-497. DOI: ABS: In temperate climate zone, undergrounds (caves) are th e main place for bat hibernation. It is possible to distinguish three ki nds of usage of caves by bats: caves used as a hibernaculum, where bats spen d the winter period, caves used as shelters for reproductive colonies du ring the summer period, and caves used as temporary shelters during transitional period (spring and fall) and also as places for food. Cave s used as hibernaculum must offer a suitable microclimate for bats. Severa l important physical factors decide on the selection by bats of a refuge e for a period of hibernation. The hibernaculum should have a zone of total darkness. During hibernation bats pay special attention to ai r circulation, humidity and temperature. These factors are also of signific ance in forming the microclimate condition inside cave system. Througho ut the influence above mentioned factors, a connection between micro climatic condition and topoclimate appears in the cave system and, as a consequence, a refugioclimate forms. RS: Dans la zone de climat t empr, les refuges souterrains sont le principal lieu d'hibernation de s chauves-souris. On distingue trois modes d'utilisation des grottes par les chauves-souris: les grottes utilises en tant que lieu d'hibernation, d ans lequel les chauvessouris restent pendant l'hiver; les grottes utilis es comme gtes pour les colonies de reproduction au cours de l't et les g rottes utilises comme gtes temporaires au cours des priodes de transiti on (au printemps et en automne) comme endroits propices pour y trouver leu r nourriture. Les grottes qui constituent des refuges pour l'hibernat ion doivent offrir un microclimat optimum. Quelques facteurs physiques im portants contribuent la slection d'un refuge pour la pri ode d'hibernation. L'endroit d'hibernation est totalement obscur. Les chauves-souris sont particulirement attentives pendant l'hibernation la circulation de l'air, l'humidit et la temprature. Ces facteurs sont t rs importants pour la formation des conditions microclimatiques et topocl imatiques qui apparaissent dans le rseau de galeries. KW: Chirop tera, ecology, hibernation, cave microclimate, refugioclimate. KNIGHT (K.), 2010. Predator odours don't bother bats. Journal of Experimental Biology, Inside JEB, 213(14, July 15):i-ii. DOI: KNIGHT (L. R. F. D.) & GLEDHILL (T.), 2010. The discovery of Microniphargus leruthi Schellenberg, 1934 (Crustacea: Amphipoda: Niphargidae) in Britain and its distribution in the British Isles. Zootaxa 2655(October 25):52-56, 2 pl., 10 rf. ABS: Salient taxonomic characters of Microniphargus leruthi Schellenberg, 1934 are given and figured together with some new observations and an account of its discovery in Britain. The current known distribution of this spe cies within the British Isles is presented. KW: Microniphargus Amphipoda, discovery, distribution, British Isles.


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 54 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 KHLER (J.), VENCES (M.), D'CRUZE (N.) & GLAW (F.), 2010. Giant dwarfs: discovery of a radiation of largebodied "stump-toed frogs" from karstic cave environ ments of northern Madagascar. Journal of Zoology 282(1, September):21-38. DOI: ABS: The endemic Malagasy microhylid genus Stumpffia usually comprises small-bodied terrestrial frogs w ith snout-vent lengths of 16 mm or less, with some miniaturized sp ecies as small as 10 mm in their adult stage, and only two described spe cies reaching over 20 mm in snout-vent length. Previous studies have prov ided evidence for parallel miniaturization in Malagasy microhylids, w ith several species and candidate species previously assigned to Stumpffia probably belonging to other, still undescribed genera. Here, conversely, we report on the discovery of four new species of microhylids from northern Madagascar, of which two are larger than all previo usly known Stumpffia but all clearly belong to this genus based on molec ular phylogenetic relationships. All four species have fully develope d digits, are closely related and occur in karstic limestone environments with most specimens collected in caves, a habitat formerly unknown for cophylines. This newly discovered radiation of large-bodied and supp osedly cave-dwelling Stumpffia contains one species from Nosy Hara, one from Anka rana, one from Ampombofofo and one from Montagne des Franais respectively. In the latter species, specimens can reach up to 28 mm snout-vent length. These new species are genetically differentiated fr om each other by 3.88.6% pairwise divergence in the 16S rRNA gene and f urthermore by differences in coloration, extension of terminal fi nger discs, relative eye diameter and relative head width. We discuss the st atus of Stumpffia madagascariensis Mocquard, 1895 and consider it a valid species referable to one of the two small-bodied species id entified from Montagne d'Ambre National Park. Furthermore, our re sults support that cophylines are highly microendemic and we provide s upport for a miniaturized ancestor of the large-bodied species d escribed here, thus demonstrating that miniaturization is evolutionaril y reversible. KW: Amphibia, Microhylidae, Cophylinae, Stumpffia new species, microendemism, reversal of miniaturization. KOMAI (T.), YAMADA (Y.) & SHIRAKAWA (N.), 2010. A new hermit crab species of the genus Catapaguroides A. Milne-Edwards & Bouvier (Crustacea: Decapoda: Anomura: Paguridae) from the Ryukyu Islands, Japan, and additional record of C. foresti McLaughlin. Zootaxa 2690(November 29):32-42, 5 pl., 14 rf. ABS: Two species of the pagurid genus Catapaguroides A. Milne-Edwards & Bouvier, 1892, C. longior n. sp. and C. foresti McLaughlin, 2002, are reported herein. The new species is described on the basis of a sing le male specimen collected from a submarine cave at Onna Village, Ok inawa Island, Ryukyu Islands, at a depth of 30 m. In general morp hology, it is most similar to C. inermis de Saint Laurent, 1968, but is readily distinguish ed from that species by the elongate antennal acicle a nd the broad carpus of the right cheliped. Examination of newly collected specimens from Japan led us to conclude that C. kasei Osawa & Takeda, 2004 is a junior subjective synonym of C. foresti McLaughlin, 2002. An emended key to the presently recognized species of the genus is pr ovided. KW: Crustacea, Decapoda, Anomura, Paguridae, Catapaguroides new species, synonym, submarine cave, Ryukyu Islands. KOMERI KI (A.) & OZIMEC (R.), 2010. Faunistic and biogeografic characteristics of the centipedes (Chi lopoda) in Croatia with special review on the genus Eupolybothrus (Lithobiidae):133-134, poster presentation. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICS B 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: This poster presents the fauna of centipedes in Croatia with a complete list of taxa, together with the detailed distribution and endemis m for each taxon. Analyses of the centipede fauna have been performed according to all available references and systematic taxonomical sur vey of collections. All together 91 taxa of centipedes have been determ ined, of which 7 are endemic for Croatia. The largest number of taxa, 84 .6%, belong to Mediterranean macroregion. Western-Panonian and Mou ntain macroregion are far behind with 48.3% and 46.1%, wh ile the EasternPanonian macroregion has only 21.9% of centipede ta xa recorded for Croatia. Centipedes of Croatian fauna belong to 4 s uperfamilies; Scutigeromorpha. Lithobiomorpha, Geophilomorpha and Scolopendromorpha. The superfamily Lithobiomorpha a nd genus Lithobius are the most abundant. Out of 91 Croatian taxa 50.5 % belong to Lithobiomorpha, and 38.5% belong to genus Lithobius Out of 91 taxa in Croatia, 37 are European endemics, 16 are cosmopoli tes, 6 are Mediterranean endemics, 5 are Eastern European ende mics, 3 are Euromediterranean endemics and 1 is an Istrian ende mic. The other taxa are European macroregional endemics and 7.8% of the total number of taxa are Croatian endemics. The genus Eupolybothrus member of Lithobiidae family, is represented by 9 species, of which all are present only in the Mediterranean macroregion. Specimens ha ve been collected from 43 different cavernicolous and epigean localit ies, analyzed through UTM grid map of Croatia (10 x 10 km) and according to macroregions. Out of the 9 species, 3 are European endemics and a re widely spread in Croatia, while Adriatic, Dinaric and Balkan endemic s are each represented by 2 species E. leostygis and E. obrovensis are troglobionts, found in Croatia only in a few caves, with a high d egree of morphological adaptations to cave habitats. Other species are tro glophiles, also found mainly in caves, but in epigean habitats as well. KONEC (M.) & BULOG (B.), 2010. Three-dimensional reconstruction of the inner ear of Proteus anguinus (Amphibia: Urodela):119-120, poster presentation. I n: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICS B 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: From serial histological sections (paraffin-embedded, 10 < m) of the otic region, a three-dimensional model of the left and right inner ear in the nonpigmented subspecies of Proteus anguinus was built. Sensory epithelia and the perilymphatic system were also reconstructe d. A threedimensional model of the right inner ear of the pig mented subspecies of Proteus anguinus was built from serial semi-thin sections (2.5 < m). Those were made from the isolated organ. All sectio ns were photographed. The freeware program Reconstruct was used for reconstruction. It turned out to be useful. It enab les all crucial steps in reconstruction: import of pictures, alignment, trac ing and generating the three-dimensional model. The semi-thin sections wer e easier to align, because the sides of the block were still seen and served as fiducial marks. Three-dimensional models were accompanied by pictures of sections in order to present the detailed anatomy o f the inner ear. This enabled us to confirm previous results and describe the anatomy of inner ear in the pigmented subspecies of Proteus anguinus The membranous labyrinth turned out to be shorter in the pigmented subspecies. The description is based on a single individual organ; therefore it must be confirmed by additional research. KONEC (M.) & TRONTELJ (P.), 2010. Microsatellites as new tools to study the evolution of subterranean crustaceans:168-169. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August -3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961269-286-5. ABS: The aquatic isopod Asellus aquaticus displays one of the most turbulent histories of cave invasion. Mult iple lineages have invaded subterranean waters independently, sometime s even within a single cave, and have evolved various degrees of re productive isolation and troglomorphy. Most work on the evolution of Asellus aquaticus conducted so far is based on mitochondrial DNA sequ ences. Mitochondrial DNA is inherited uniparentaly and is highly sensitive to demographic events such as bottlenecks. But the his tory of a single genetic unit might not reflect the history of the s pecies. Another drawback is the fact that it does not represent a p opulation as a whole. The data would show no migration if only males disp erse among populations. Diversity among populations of Asellus aquaticus in the Karst region of Slovenia and NE Italy has also been assessed by RAPD genetic markers, which suffer from low reproducibil ity and the dominant nature of the marker. Microsatellites on the other hand are diploid, codominant markers that enable us to identify homozyg ous and heterozygous individuals. They have very high mutat ion rates, so they are useful for inferring recent evolutionary events. Th ey enable us to estimate the amount of gene flow and the effective number of migrants with more certainty. In the end they might reveal the process es of recent and/or ongoing speciation, where other markers show no var iation. We tested a set of newly developed microsatellite markers on th ree populations of


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 55 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 Asellus aquaticus from the Ljubljanica drainage. Two troglobiotic and troglomorphic populations are from Planina Cave (Ra k Channel and Pivka Channel), whereas the surface population is f rom Planina Polje, adjacent to the cave. So far, ten loci have been an alyzed in subterranean populations, with seven of them also yielding posit ive results in the surface population. The results show that all three populations are significantly differentiated from each other. Pairw ise Fst estimates are highest between the surface and the Pivka Channel p opulation (0.8) and are also high (over 0.6) between the two cave popul ations (0.57). Expected heterozygosity and allele diversity are ve ry similar in both cave populations. We interpret this strong structure and the apparent lack of gene flow in spite of the tight hydrological interc onnectedness of all three populations as consequence of ongoing speciation wi th ecological divergence. Our new results contradict the results obtained by mitochondrial DNA analysis and they seem to indicat e stronger genetic isolation among parapatric populations. The results show the importance of employing different genetic markers and taking a ll of them into consideration. KORBEL (K. L.) & HOSE (G. C.), 2010. A tiered framework for assessing groundwater ecosystem healt h. Hydrobiologia 661(1, February)329-349, from the issue entitled "Lake Restoration: An Experimental Ecosyst em Approach for Eutrophication Control", Guest Editors : D. P. Hamilton, M. J. Landman, QuickBird Satellite Ima gery as a Tool for Restoration and Rehabilitation of Lak e Sevan, Armenia, Guest Editor: Martin A. Stapanian. DOI: ABS: The notion of ecosystem health has been widely adopted in environmental policy, particularly in the management of river sys tems. Despite this, even a notional understanding of ecosystem health a nd its assessment in connected aquifer ecosystems remains elusive. In th is article, we propose a definition and provide a tiered framework for the assessment of ecosystem health in groundwater. From the literatur e we identify general attributes of a healthy groundwater ecosystem and f rom these develop primary (Tier 1) indicators of health. Where Tier 1 benchmarks are exceeded or more detailed assessment is required, w e discuss a range of indicators (Tier 2) that may together generate a mu ltimetric index of groundwater health. Our case study using samples fr om an alluvial aquifer in north-western New South Wales, Australia demonstrates the utility of both tiers of the framework, and the abi lity of the approach to separate disturbed and undisturbed sites. The proce ss of multimetric development is simple and our Tier 2 benchmarks det ermined from limited data. Nevertheless, our framework will be a pplicable and readily adaptable to site-specific contexts. KW: Groundwate r, Ecosystem health, Indicators, Aquifers, Stygofauna, Groundwater ecosy stems. Handling editor: S. A. HALSE. KORNOBIS (E.) & PLSSON (S.), 2010. Phylogeny of Crangonyctoidea: taxonomic status and origin of groundwater amphipods, endemic to Iceland, based on two nuclear genes:59. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August -3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961269-286-5. ABS: Two new endemic species of subterranean freshwater amphipods, Crangonyx islandicus and Crymostygius thingvallensis were recently discovered in groundwater underneath porous lava fields in Iceland. We recently demonstr ated that Crangonyx islandicus survived the repeated glaciations periods of the I ce Age in subglacial refugia. This species is widespread over th e active volcanic zone and presents unique morphological and meristical fe atures compared to other Crangonyx species and might represent a new genus. Crymostygius thingvallensis defines a new family, is rare and has mainly been found in lake Thingvallavatn. These two species belong to th e Crangonyctoidea super family, which has representatives both in Nor th America and on the Eurasian continent. In order to understand where th e species come from and to confirm their taxonomic status we have seque nced nuclear genes (18S rRNA and 28S rRNA, about 3000 bp per individua l) from the two species from Iceland and from species from NorthA merica, Europe and Asia. A comparison of the gene sequences to publish ed sequences of other amphipod species resulted in phylogeny compri sing 10 genes and a total of 21 species. On the taxonomic side, the phy logenetic analyses supports that the two species from Iceland are trul y unpreviously described species. Furthermore, no species of Crang onyctoidea appeared closely related to C. thingvallensis An early divergence from the other species of the group is observed, confirming its mo notypic family status. The Crangonyx genus is polyphyletic and C. islandicus is clearly distinct from the other Crangonyx species, and may thus define a new monotypic genus. Crangonyx species from Europe appeared more closely related to the Stygobromus and Bactrurus genus than with the other Crangonyx species. These findings clearly highlight the need for a taxonomic revision of the group. On the phylogeographic side, C. islandicus is more closely related to other Crangonyx species from North America which supports the hypothesis of an ancient colonization trough groundwaters contacts between Greenland and Iceland during the e arly formation of the island. These two endemic species might therefore b e the oldest inhabitants of Iceland. KORNOBIS (E.), PLSSON (S.), KRISTJNSSON (B. K.) & SVAVARSSON (J.), 2010. Molecular evidence of the survival of subterranean amphipods (Arthropoda) during Ice Ages underneath glaciers in Iceland:60, poster presentation. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August -3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961269-286-5. ABS: Two endemic groundwater arthropod crustacean species, Crangonyx islandicus and Crymostygius thingvallensis were recently discovered at the mid-Atlantic volcanic is land of Iceland. The extent of morphological differences from closest re latives, endemism, the geographic isolation of Iceland and its complete co verage by glaciers 21000 years ago, suggests that these two species ha ve survived glaciation periods in a sub-glacial refugium. Here we provide a strong support for this hypothesis by an analysis of mitochondrial gen etic variation within Crangonyx islandicus Our results show that the species is divided into several distinct monophyletic groups, found along t he volcanic zone in Iceland, which have been separated by 0.5 to around 5 million years. The genetic divergence between groups reflects geograph ic distances between sampling sites, indicating that divergence occurred after the colonization of Iceland. The genetic patterns and the dependency of genetic variation on distances from the tectonic plate boundary and a ltitude, point to recent expansion from several refugia within Iceland. This presents the first genetic evidence of a multicellular organisms, as c omplex as crustacean amphipods, which have survived glaciations undernea th an ice sheet. This survival may be explained by geothermal heat linked to volcanic activities, which may have maintained favorable hab itats in fissures along the tectonic plate boundary in Iceland during glaci ations KORYTR ( U.), MIKOV (E.) & UHRIN (M.), 2010. Chiropterologick seminr 2010 [Chiropterological Seminar 2010]. Vespertilio 13/14:309-316. KOV ( U.), UPT IK (P.), PAP (V.), MOCK (A.) & MOUREK (J.), 2010. Contribution to morphology of palpigrade Eukoenenia spelaea (Peyerimhoff, 1902) and its distribution in the Western Carpathians:134-135 In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICS B 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: Palpigrades are primarily inhabitants of upper soil layers of tropi cal forests. Moreover, they occur in caves of the Northern Hemisphere wher e they are extremely rare. Eukoenenia spelaea (Peyerimhoff, 1902) is the only palpigrade species inhabiting the caves in the Western Carpath ians (Slovakia, Hungary). Firstly it was described as Koenenia vagvoelgyi Szalay, 1956. Later, Dozsa-Farkas & Loksa (1970) made a redescrip tion of the taxon and transferred it as subspecies to Eukoenenia austriaca. However, it clearly belongs to E. spelaea complex that involves five subspecies with very vague taxonomic status since descriptions were made based on few specimens only and differential characters were not properly described. The present contribution is based on the detailed m orphological study of a population from the Ardovska Cave in Slovakia. Un ique collection of specimens allowed to study variability in the most important characters and to evaluate critically the subspecies status of the species. SEM electron-microscopy was used to study detailed morp hological structures. At present 14 caves in the Western Carpathians are known to be inhabited by Eukoenenia spelaea 17 in Slovakia and 4 in Hungary. It is the


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 56 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 northernmost territory with distribution of palpigr ades in the world. Paleogeological and paleogeographic data are used t o explain distribution range of E. spelaea north to Pannonian Basin. Feeding habit of palpigrades is unknown. Results from observations o f the gut content using fluorescent stain are shortly discussed. KOV ( U.) & PAP (V.), 2010. Revision of the genus Neelus Folsom, 1896 (Collembola, Neelida) with the description of two new troglobiotic species from Eu rope. Zootaxa 2663(November 1):36-52, 9 pl., 21 rf. ABS: The paper deals with taxonomic revision of the genus Neelus Folsom, 1896. Two new species of the genus are described: N. koseli sp. nov. from caves of the eastern Slovakia and N. klisurensis sp. nov. from the Velika Klisura Cave in Serbia (Kosovo). Both species repre sent first known troglobiotic forms of the genus with distribution r estricted to caves. They exhibit clear troglomorphic features not shared by other species of the genus: elongated unguis, larger body, elongated sen silla of Ant. IV segment, and others. Comparative table and dichotom ous identification key for species of the genus are provided, remarks on distribution and ecology of species of the genus are added. KW: N. koseli sp. nov., N. klisurensis sp. nov., revision, description, cave fauna, ident ification key, geographic distribution, Slovakia, Serbia. KOVBLYUK (M. M.), 2010. Diversity and endemism of spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) of the Crimean Peninsu la, Ukraine:224-226. In: 18th International Congress of Arachnology, University of Podlasie & International Society of Arachnology, Siedlce, Poland, 11-17 July 2010, Book of Abstracts, editor: Marek 9 ABKA, ISBN: 978-837051-575-1, 507 p. KRHLING (V.), DOLNIK (O.), KOLESNIKOVA (L.), SCHMIDT-CHANASIT (J.), JORDAN (I.), SANDIG (V.), GNTHER (S.) & BECKER (S.), 2010. Establishment of Fruit Bat Cells ( Rousettus aegyptiacus ) as a Model System for the Investigation of Filovira l Infection. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases 4(8):e802. DOI: ABS: Background: The fruit bat species Rousettus aegyptiacus was identified as a potential reservoir for the highly pathogenic filovirus Marburg virus. To establish a basis for a molecular understanding of the biology of filoviruses in the reservoir host, we have adapted a set of molecular tools for investigation of filovirus replication in a rec ently developed cell line, R06E, derived from the species Rousettus aegyptiacus Methodology/Principal Findings: Upon infection with Ebola or Marburg viruses, R06E cells produced viral titers comparabl e to VeroE6 cells, as shown by TCID50 analysis. Electron microscopic anal ysis of infected cells revealed morphological signs of filovirus inf ection as described for humanand monkey-derived cell lines. Using R06E ce lls, we detected an unusually high amount of intracellular viral protei ns, which correlated with the accumulation of high numbers of filoviral nucleocapsids in the cytoplasm. We established protocols to produce Marb urg infectious virus-like particles from R06E cells, which were th en used to infect nave target cells to investigate primary transcription. This was not possible with other cell lines previously tested. Moreover, we established protocols to reliably rescue recombinant Marburg vi ruses from R06E cells. Conclusion/Significance: These data indicate d that R06E cells are highly suitable to investigate the biology of filov iruses in cells derived from their presumed reservoir. KRAPP-SCHICKEL (T.) & KRAPP (F.), 2010. Sandro RUFFO: 24 August 1915 7 May 2010. Journal of Crustacean Biology 30(4, November):778-789. DOI: KRIŠT FEK (V.), CHRO KOV (A.) & MULEC (J.), 2010. The heavy metal content in bat guano heaps in kars t caves:101-102, poster presentation. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slove nia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: Compared to surface habitats, caves are frequently nutrient-poor. The main source of carbon in caves originates from percolation water, sinking streams and droppin gs of cave animals. Bat guano is one of the most important food sources for cave invertebrates; however data on ecology and its degr adation are still poor. Fresh bat guano contains a large quantity of chitin residues as fragmented and non-fragmented butterfly/mosquito scales, insec t wings, hairs of bats and pollen. Recent studies of guano heaps from Domi ca Cave (Slovak Karst, Slovakia) showed that fresh bat guano (0-11 years old) had low pH (3.2) and contained high concentrations of heavy me tals (Cd, Cu, Zn). Bat guano (with and without harboring an active bat colony) from two caves from Slovenia (Škocjanske jame I, II and Pred jama) were used as reference material for guano from Domica Cave. All caves are populated by the same insectivorous bats Miniopterus schreibersii and in Domica Cave by Rhinolophus euryale in addition. Guano without an active colony of bats had higher pH (4.5 in Škocjanske jam e I and 6.1 in Predjama) compared to the fresh guano in Škocjanske jame II (pH 3.5). Guano samples (layer 0-5 cm) from Domica Cave, Škoc janske jame I, II and Predjama contained (in mg per kg): 207 795 Cu 167 1360 Zn, 0.81 11.8 Cd, 0.2 1.8 As, 2 48 Cr, 2 25 Pb and 0.3 0.5 Hg. Values some of these heavy metals in the guano samples exc eeded EU limits for agricultural soils (EC Document 86/278/EEC): Cd 3-4 times, Cu 2-6 times and Zn 4 times. Extremely high amounts of hea vy metals in guano can be a reason that chitinolytic activity of micro organisms in guano in many caves is inhibited or even stopped and thus gu ano remains preserved in caves for a long period. KUNT (K. B.), YA MUR (E. A.), ZKTK (S.), DURMU (H.) & ANLA (S.), 2010. Checklist of the cave Dwelling Invertebrates (Animalia) of Turkey. Biological Diversity and Conservation 3(2):26-41. ABS: In this study, historical development of Turkish biosp eleology is summarized with a checklist of cave dwelling Invert ebrates of Turkey. After a review of the all available literature on t he cave dwelling invertebrates fauna of Turkey, it was determined th at 203 species have been reported. 29 of the species are from the phylu m Mollusca, 5 species are from the subclassis Oligochaeta, 1 species is f rom the subclassis Hirudinea, 82 species are from the classis Arachnid a, 1 genus and 19 species are from the classis Diplopoda, 1 genus and 4 species are from the classis Chilopoda, 42 species are from the classis Insecta and 21 species are from the subphylum Crustaceae. In these, 104 sp ecies are Anatolian endemics. In this checklist, published locality rec ords are given in detail for all species. KW: Biospeleology, Turkey, cave, c hecklist, Invertebrata. KUNZ (T. H.), BRAUN DE TORREZ (E.), BAUER (D. M.), LOBOVA (T. A.) & FLEMING (T. H.), 2010. Ecosystem services provided by bats:201. In: 15th International Bat Research Conference, Prague, 22-2 7 August 2010, the conference manual: Programme, abstracts, list of participants, edited by: Ivan HOR EK and Petr BENDA, ISBN 978-80-87154-46-5, 380 p. ABS: The current and expected impacts of climate change, emerging diseases, invasive species, unsustainable harvesting of bush meat, water and air pollution, increased use of pesticides, and introdu ctions of genetically engineered crops are among the most important issue s facing humanity. Throughout the world, bats have long provided essen tial services to natural ecosystems by suppressing insect population s, pollinating flowers, dispersing seeds, and redistributing essential nutr ients from terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems to caves that support unique and endemic invertebrate and vertebrate faunas. However, the expected effect s of climate change and the myriad of anthropogenic factors influencing flowering times, fruit production, insect production and migration, bat mi gration and distributions, and bat population densities remain largely unknown. With these actual and expected anthropogenic influences, it is unclear whether bat populations and species can be sustained, as we know them, under different predicted scenarios. Will insect populati ons increase or decrease in abundance, or will they spread beyond or contrac t from their current ranges? Can complex cave ecosystems be sustained wh en organic input of guano from bats becomes reduced? Can tropical fo rest ecosystems be sustained if pollination and seed dispersal activit ies are altered? Insectivorous bats are important in suppressing ins ects that feed on agricultural crops and disperse pathogens, causing economic losses to agriculture in the millions of dollars each year. U nderstanding the dynamics of insect and bat migration, nightly and s easonal dispersal of bats, dietary habits of bats, and the economic impa ct of these and related ecosystem services largely remain an elusive goal. Given these uncertainties, it is imperative that bat conservati on be a top priority in the bat research community.


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 57 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 KUNZ (T. H.), REICHARD (J. D.) & Boston University' s Center for Ecology and Conservation Biology, 2010. Status review of the Little Brown Myotis ( Myotis lucifugus ) and determination that immediate listing under the endangered species act is scientifically and le gally warranted. KURY (A. B.), CHAGAS (A. Jr), GIUPPONI (A. P. L.) & GONZALEZ (A. P.), 2010. Amblypygi, Opiliones, Schizomida, Scorpiones and Chilopoda, Tocantins, Br azil. Check List 6(4):564-571. KUZMIN (I. V.), NIEZGODA (M.), FRANKA (R.), AGWANDA (B.), MARKOTTER (W.), BREIMAN (R. F.), SHIEH (W.-J.), ZAKI (S. R.) & RUPPRECHT (C. E.), 2010. Marburg Virus in Fruit Bat, Kenya. Emerging Infectious Diseases 16(2, February):352-354. DOI: LAKOTA (J.), LOHAJ (R.) & DUNAY (G.), 2010. Taxonomical and ecological notes on the genus Scotoplanetes Absolon, with the description of a new species from Montenegro (Coleoptera: Carabidae: Trechini). Natura Croatica 19(1, June 30):99-110. ABS: Scotoplanetes aquacultor n. sp. from the "Vodna jama" pit (Dragaljsko polje near Grahovo, southwest Montenegro), second k nown species of the genus is described, illustrated and compared with t he congeneric species Scotoplanetes arenstorffianus Absolon, 1913. Based on the examination of the holotype, Scotoplanetes arenstorffianus weiratherianus Noesske, 1928 is reconsidered in synonymy to Scotoplanetes arenstorffianus Data about the taxonomy of this remarkable genus, comple mented with the description of habitat and the bionomy are given. K W: Scotoplanetes aquacultor sp. nov., new species, Coleoptera, Carabidae, Trec hinae, taxonomy, bionomy, subterranean environment, hygrop etric, Montenegro. k_jezik=82796&la ng=en LAMB (J. W.) & WYCKOFF (G. R.), 2010. Cooperative White-nose Syndrome Monitoring and Surveillance Pla n for Tennessee. LAMB (J. W.) & WYCKOFF (G. R.), eds. LAMB (J. W.) & WYCKOFF (G. R.), 2010. White-nose Syndrome Monitoring and Response Report for Tennessee. Technical report prepared for the Tennes see WNS Cooperators. 24 p. LANA (E.) & ISAIA (M.), 2010. Subterranean arachnids of the Western Italian Alps (Arachnida: Araneae, Opili ones, Palpigradi, Pseudoscorpiones):135, poster presentat ion. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICS B 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: The poster shows the results of five years of field work dedic ated to the Subterranean arachnids of the Western Italian Alps. These result s that have been recently published in the "Monographies" of the Nat ural Sciences Museum of Torino (NW-Italy), concern material colle cted by the authors with an intense field work (2005-2010) and a fruitf ul collaboration with several European arachnologists (among them: A. L. Schonhofer and E. Christian harvestmen and palpigrads). Spiders rep resent the major order recorded in the study area, with Meta menardi and Metellina merianae being the most abundant, followed by Nesticus eremita, Malthonica silvestris Pimoa rupicola and Troglohyphantes lucifuga Most remarkable are the troglobiont species of the genus Troglohyphantes ( T. konradi, T. pedemontanus, T. lanai ) that also show, together with the troglophilic T. bornensis, T. nigraerosae and T. pluto, the most restricted distributions. Another interesting species is the t roglobiont Nesticus morisii only known from the type locality in the Maritime Alps. Meta bourneti a troglophilic and markedly thermophilous species is confined, in NW Italy, to one cave in the province of Cuneo a nd a few caves in Susa Valley (province of Torino). Among opilionids, the most interesting taxa are Holoscotolemon oreophilum, three species of Ischyropsalis and Leiobunum religiosum. Palpigrads represent the flagship of the work and of the entire arachnological fauna of the Western I talian Alps. According to current knowledge, the south-western part of the Alpine chain houses Eukoenenia bonadonai and E. strinatii. Several species of Pseudoscorpionids such as Pseudoblothrus peyerimhoffi, P. ellingseni, Chthonius italicus, C. troglophilus and Neobisium zoiai deserve special attention for their pronounced troglomorphy and the restricted distribution. Scorpions and mites have not been con sidered, but an extremely specialized piedmontese species of Troglocheles (Prostigmata: Rhagidiidae) has been described recently by Milosla v Zacharda. LATELLA (L.), 2010. Redescription of Eocatops ambiguus Peyerimhoff, 1924 (Coleoptera, Cholevidae, Catopina e, Eucatopinae) from Libya. Bollettino del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Verona, Botanica Zoologia, 34:87-91. ABS: Eocatops ambiguus Peyerimhoff, 1924 was described on the basis of one male collected in Lethe Cave (Lybia, Benghaz i). In the original description no illustration of the habitus, aedeagu s or other features are reported. In this paper Eocatops ambiguus is redescribed based on holotype from Benghazi and new specimens from Shahh at, Northern Lybia. Illustrations and SEM photographs of diagnos tic features are reported. KW: Taxonomy, redescription, Cholevidae, Eocatops ambiguus Lybia. RIAS: Ridescrizione di Eocatops ambiguus Peyerimhoff, 1924 (Coleoptera; Cholevidae; Catopina e; Eucatopinae) della Libia Eocatops ambiguus Peyerimhoff, 1924 stato descritto in base alle osservazioni condotte su un unico esempla re maschio raccolto nella Grotta del Lete (Libia, Bengasi). Nella descr izione originale non sono state riportate le illustrazioni relative ai c aratteri tassonomici o all'habitus. In questo lavoro Eocatops ambiguus viene ridescritto sulla base delle osservazioni condotte sull'Holotypus di Bengasi e su nuovi esemplari di Shahhat, nel Nord della Libia. PC: Tas sonomia, ridescrizione, Cholevidae, Eocatops ambiguus Libia. LATELLA (L.), VERDARI (N.) & GOBBI (M.), 2010. Distribution and frequency of cave-dwelling terrest rial arthropods in two spatially closed karst areas of t he eastern Italian Prealps:42, poster presentation. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICS B 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: The purpose of our research is to describe the spatial distributio n of cave dwelling terrestrial arthropods in two geographically closed karst areas (Monte Baldo 398 km2 and Monti Lessini 1403 km2) of the eastern Italian Prealps. Our aims were to test the influence of the : a) number of sampled caves, b) cave's geographic location and c) cave's elevation, on the troglobiotic and endemic species richness. A total of sixty caves (Baldo = 17; Lessinia = 43) and forty-one species (Baldo=6; Lessinia = 35) have been analysed. To avoid the positive correlation be tween the species richness and the number of caves sampled in each ar eas, Lessinia has been divided in three cells with the same size of B aldo and with a comparable number of caves (Lessinia_1 = 14, Lessin ia_2 = 15, Lessinia_3= 14). We calculated species accumulation curves based on Mau Tau values to compare sampling completeness at all different cell sizes. Local richness has been estimated by using t he incidencebased coverage (ICE) species richness estimator. The ANOV A test has been computed to evaluate differences in the frequency o f endemic species in the different cells. A mean of 11.9 additional spec ies was expected to be found in each of the three Lessinia cells, but not in the Baldo area (exp. sp = 6.46) as indicated by the ICE estimator. Both the troglobiotic and endemic species richness is not influenced by the e levation of the caves. The frequency of endemic species is significant hig her in the Baldo area compared with the Lessinia's cells (ANOVA test: F3,59=16.92; p<0.0001). On the basis of these results the influence of the Quaternary glacial dynamics at local scale on the spatial distribution of troglobionts and on the frequency of endemic species is analysed and di scussed. LAUMANNS (M.), 2010. Karst and Caves of Myanmar. Berliner Hhlenkundliche Berichte 39. 130 p., colour maps, many surveys, Michael LAUMANNS, Editor. Voir: STEINER (H.), Chapter 7: Review of the biospeleolog y of Myanmar:84? ABS: Everything on the caves and the karst of Bur ma. Descriptions of over 280 underground sites, including man-made unde rground temples. All available cave surveys, many of which are publi shed for the first time. Has location maps, an in-depth bibliography as well as a synoptic list of


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 58 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 caves according to provinces. The compilation also has chapters on cave archaeology, and biospeleology, including cave-dwel ling bats. In English language with a German and French abstract. Myanmar is still one of the "blank spots" on the speleological world map. The d ifficult political situation in the country and the restricted access to areas along its borders to Thailand, Laos and India have made only a few sp eleological expeditions possible so far. However, over the year s several investigative projects were carried out with their results scatte red in several publications. Especially in most recent times sever al expeditions were held. This volume aims to give a complete overview about the stand of speleological exploration of Myanmar. The results o f all previous cave projects are presented to provide a solid basis for planning future explorations. This compilation also strives to alig n erroneous locations, name transcription problems as well as double denom inations assigned to the same caves all of which occurred in the liter ature. Furthermore a biospeleological overview is presented, including t he bats of Myanmar. LAUMANNS (M.), 2010. chos des profondeurs. tranger. Asie du Sud-Est. Vietnam. Explorations splologiqu es dans le Sud du Vietnam. Spelunca 119(Septembre, 3e trimestre):10, traduction Olivier TESTA. LAUSEN (C. L.), 2010. Wood Buffalo National Park September Bat Survey. Western Canadian Bat Network Newsletter 17(Autumn):5. LAZAROV (S.), 2010. A New Spider Species Harpactea krumi sp. n. from Bulgaria (Araneae, Dysderidae). Acta zoologica bulgarica 62(1):27-31. LEBRETON (B.) & BESSON (J.-P.), 2010. Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1. 30 Juin 2010. 7 p. LECOINTRE (G.), GALLUT (C.), CHANET (B.) & DETTA (A.), 2010. Du rififi chez les Poissons. Pour la Science 390(Avril):57-63. LEDDA (F. D.), CADEDDU (B.), PANSINI (M.), PRONZATO (R.) & MANCONI (R.), 2010. Biodiversity inventory of Mediterranean marine caves: Porifera checklist with new records from Marine Protected Ar eas of Sardinia and Sicily. 8th World Sponge Conference, Girona, Spain, 20-24 September. Book of Abstracts. LEE (D. J.) & LEE (W.), 2010. A new species of the genus Bryocamptus (Copepoda: Harpacticoida: Canthocamptidae) from Korea. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 123(3):204-219. DOI: ABS: Bryocamptus (Echinocamptus) cheongokensis sp. nov. is a harpacticoid copepod of the family Canthocamptidae that was collected from a po ol in Cheongok cave, Donghae-shi, Kangwon-do, Korea. The new speci es is characterized by the following diagnostic character s: 1) an eightsegmented female antennule, 2) the absence of an in ner seta on the second exopodal segment of P1, 3) the distal segmen ts of the exopod of P2 to P4 are as long as the other two segments comb ined, and 4) there are six setae on the basoendopod of the female P5. This species has a slight resemblance to the hiemalis group. However, the new species is clearly distinguishable from the species in the hiemalis group by the combination of ornamentation of the free margin of the operculum, the number of setae on the P4 endopod, the length/width ratio of the P5 exopod in the female, and the number of setae on th e first endopod segment and the lengths of each apical seta on the last endopod segment of P3 in the male. Thus far, 22 species have been r eported in the subgenus Echinocamptus and the hiemalis group includes ten species. Species in this group are typically found in the interstitial groundwater around springs, lakes, streams, and caves. The new species described herein is the first described member of the subgenus Echinocamptus from caves in Korea. LEGGETT (K.), 2010. Spread of White-Nose Syndrome Forces Closure of Caves. Refuge Update 7(6, November/December):7. LEHOTSK (B.), 2010. Bats in the Bratislava city, Slovakia:205-206. In: 15th International Bat Research Conference, Prague, 22-27 August 2010, the conferen ce manual: Programme, abstracts, list of participants, edited by: Ivan HOR EK and Petr BENDA, ISBN 978-8087154-46-5, 380 p. ABS: Bratislava, the capital of Slovak Republic, offers to bats a plenty of sites with suitable cond itions for their life. The Bratislava territory spreads on the banks of Danube River in the altitude of 126-514 m above sea level. Besides urban element s, it is possible to find here also plenty of natural complexes at which the majority of them belong to the protected landscape area Mal Karpaty In total, 19 bat species were recorded in Bratislava territory (68% of the bat fauna of the Slovak Republic) during last 15 years. Most of them (12) were determined inside buildings or in crevices in block s of flats. Mostly there were solitaire individuals, but also maternity colo nies of 3 species ( Eptesicus serotinus Pipistrellus pipistrellus P. pygmaeus ) and several winter colonies of Nyctalus noctula were found. The most frequently observed species inside buildings was Vespertilio murinus Foraging activity of 8 bat species was detected also by batdetector. The most frequent species were Nyctalus noctula Eptesicus serotinus Pipistrellus pygmaeus and P. nathusii During winter, some of bats hibernate in underground spaces situated in surrounding forest in cellars (4 species), caves (5 species), old mines (6 species) and old mi litary shelters (bunkers), where 10 bat species were observed. Some of them ( Rhinolophus hipposideros M. bechsteinii Myotis nattereri ) were observed in Bratislava territory only in this habit at type. From the beginning of the 20th century there are data about occurrence of Miniopterus schreibersii Myotis emarginatus and Eptesicus nilssonii ; nowadays, the occurrence of these species in Bratis lava was not confirmed. The results confirmed that the Bratislav a territory represents a heterogeneous area, suitable for foraging and shelt er of bats. LEIJS (R.), 2010. Evolution of chiltoniid amphipods from subterranean and surface habitats in Australia:61. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICS B 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: Stygobitic chiltoniid amphipods recently have been found in su bterranean habits such as caves, aquifers, and underflow of rivers an d creeks in a number of geographic areas in Australia (Yilgarn WA, Flinders Ranges and Eyre Peninsula SA and Musgrave Ranges NT). All the disco vered subterranean species are depigmented and blind. Additionally, ch iltoniid amphipods are also common in surface waters of the temperate zone of southern Australia (SW Western Australia, South Australia, V ictoria and Tasmania) as well as in mound springs in the Great Artesian Basin and sinkholes in the SE of South Australia. Presently, six species in this group have been described: Phreatochiltonia anopthalma (subterranean) and Austrochiltonia dalhousiensis (surface), both from Dalhousie Springs; Arabunnachiltonia murphyi and Wangiannachiltonia guzikae from the Lake Eyre mound springs and A. australis and A. subtenuis from surface waters in Victoria and South Australia. The latter two species have been reported to have a wide distribution across entire southern Australia. Molecular analyses of mitochondrial and nuclear gen es of subterranean and surface taxa collected from the entire geograph ical range of this group shows a number of interesting patterns: (1) T here is no evidence for a wide spread distribution of A. australis and A. subtenuis (2) There are numerous undescribed, morphological cryptic sur face species that often are restricted to individual catchments. (3) There are a number of well defined subterranean clades of which its speci es are confined to different geographical areas. (4) There are also cl ades that each contains a mix of species from inland areas such as the Yilgar n and the Great Artesian Basin as well as from the coastal limeston e aquifers of Eyre Peninsula. A dated phylogenetic tree, palaeogeograp hic and climatic data are used to address several evolutionary questions: (1) To what extent did the palaeogeography and historical climates shape t he current distribution of the amphipod species and clades? (2) What trigge red the evolution of subterranean species in the different areas? LENCIONI (V.), BERNAB" (P.) & LATELLA (L.), 2010. Cold resistance in two species of cave-dwelling bee tles (Coleoptera: Cholevidae). Journal of Thermal Biology 35(7, October):354-359. DOI: ABS: Supercooling points (SCPs), lower lethal temperatur es (LLTs), and the effect of short-term exposures (1 min) to low tempe ratures were examined in the adults of two stenothermal leptodir in species, Neobathyscia mancinii and Neobathyscia pasai (Coleoptera, Cholevidae).


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 59 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 Specimens were collected from two caves in the Vene tian Prealps (NEItaly). Inter-species comparison highlighted lower values of SCP in N. mancinii (-7.10.9C) than in N. pasai (-6.40.3C), with no significant intersexual differences in both species. N. pasai (LLT50SE=16.962.30C; LLT100=-25.41C) tolerated short exposures to subzero temperatures better than N. mancinii (LLT50SE=-4.891.08C; LLT100=11.72C). According to the mortality and cumulative proportion of individual freezing curves (CPIF), SCPs and LLT100, N. pasai may be defined as "strongly freeze tolerant", N. mancinii as "moderately freezing tolerant". Overall, these results may justify the d ifferent in-cave habitat selection showed by the two species ( N. pasai was abundant close to the entrance where the temperature is variable whereas N. mancinii was confined to the internal part of the cave where the temperature is constant throughout the year), and suggest hypotheses on the effects of such habitat selection on freeze tolerance strategy adop ted. Finally, they give new insights into possible responses to climate cha nges in cave dwelling species. KW: Supercooling point, Lower lethal tempe ratures, Freeze tolerance, Biospeleology; Leptodirinae. LENGYEL (G. D.), 2010. Contribution to the knowledge of the harvestmen of Hungary (Arachnida: Opiliones). Folia entomologica Hungarica [ Rovartani Kzlemnyek ] 71:513. LENGYEL (G. D.) & PLL-GERGELY (B.), 2010. Notes on the landsnail (Gastropoda) and harvestman (Opili ones) fauna of Bihor and Vl deasa mountains, Romania. Studii i Comunic ri Seria tiin ele Naturii 10/11(2009-2010):91111. LEVITON (A. E.) & ANDERSON (S. C.), 2010. The Herpetological Literature for Southwestern Asia. An indexed bibliography. Occasional Papers of the California Academy of Sciences 157(January 29):622 p., ISSN 00685461. LEWIS (J. J.) & BOWMAN (T. E.), 2010. The subterranean asellids of Maryland: Description of Caecidotea nordeni new species, and new records of C. holsingeri and C. franzi (Crustacea: Malacostraca: Isopoda). Journal of Cave and Karst Studies 72(2, August):100-104. DOI: ABS: Five species of subterranean asellid are known from Maryland: Caecidotea pricei C. franzi C. holsingeri C. mausi and C. vandeli Caecidotea nordeni n. sp. is a subterranean species described from Washington Co., Maryland and assigned to the hobbsi Group. A new locality for C. franzi in Kentucky is presented. This species was previously known from t wo caves in Maryland and Pennsylvania. The newly discovered pop ulation represents a range extension of over 400 km. The male pleopod 2 morphology of specimens from a Maryland population of the subterr anean asellid C. holsingeri is compared with populations from three caves in W est Virginia. The range of C. holsingeri extends from eastern West Virginia and adjacent Virginia to Garrett Co., Maryland. LIENHARD (C.), HOLUŠA (O.) & GRAFITTI (G.), 2010. Two new cave-dwelling Prionoglarididae from Venezue la and Namibia (Psocodea: "Psocoptera": Trogiomorpha). Revue suisse de Zoologie 117(2, Juin):185-197. ABS: The new genus Speleopsocus Lienhard gen. n. is described for a strongly cave-adapted (troglobite) new species from Venezuel a, Speleopsocus chimanta Lienhard sp. n. This is the first New World repres entative of the subfamily Prionoglaridinae. A special structure on the foretarsus of this species is described and interpreted as an antenna cleaner. The new species Sensitibilla etosha Lienhard & Holuša sp. n., belonging to the subfamily Speleketorinae, is described from a cave in Namibia. This is the fourth species known of this genus which is end emic to southern Africa. KW: New genus, new species, cave fauna, tro globite, antenna cleaner, living fossils. LIENHARD (C.), OLIVEIRA DO CARMO (T.) & FERREIRA (R. L.), 2010. A new genus of Sensitibillini from Brazilian caves (Psocodea: "Psocoptera": Prionoglarididae). Revue suisse de Zoologie 117(4, Dcembre):611-635. ABS: The genus Neotrogla Lienhard gen. n. is described for three new cavedwelling species from B razil: Neotrogla brasiliensis Lienhard sp. n. (from Minas Gerais State), N. aurora Lienhard sp. n. (from Tocantins State) and N. truncata Lienhard sp. n. (from Bahia State). These species are the first Neo tropical representatives of the subfamily Speleketorinae and the first New W orld representatives of the tribe Sensitibillini, previously known only from southern Africa. This distributional pattern of Sensitibillini is te ntatively interpreted as due to Western Gondwanan vicariance. In the females of Neotrogla a complex of accessory structures to the spermathecal duct is described and denoted by the new term "gynosome". A hypothesis of functional complementarity, during copulation, between the "pe nis-like" gynosome and the strongly reduced male phallosome of Neotrogla is presented. KW: New species, Brazil, cave fauna, gynosome, phal losome, copulation, Western Gondwanan vicariance, living fossils. LIN (A.-Q.), JIN (L.-R.), LIU (Y.), SUN (K.-P.) & F ENG (J.), 2010. Postnatal Growth and Age Estimation in Horsfield's Leaf-Nosed Bat Hipposideros larvatus Zoological Studies 49(6):789-796. ABS: Patterns of postnatal growth and development in the length of the forearm body mass, and length of the total gap of the 4th metacarpal-phalangeal joint of Hipposideros larvatus were studied under natural conditions in southwestern China. Based on these data, we develop ed empirical growth curves, derived growth rates, and established age-p redictive equations and 3 nonlinear growth models. The length of the fo rearm and body mass followed linear patterns of growth until day 16 wit h respective growth rates of 1.66 mm/d and 0.40 g/d, and subsequently d ecreased to a stable level. The length of the total epiphyseal gap incre ased up to 12 d and then linearly decreased. Some young bats could take flig ht with 89.32% of the forearm length and only 62.13% of the body mass of adults by day 20. Two linear regression equations for age estimation were derived from the forearm length and the length of the total epiphyse al gap for 1-32 d. Growth patterns of the forearm length and body mass were both best described by logistic nonlinear growth models. The growth rate of Hipposideros larvatus was greater than that of many tropical bat species KW: Postnatal growth, Hipposideros larvatus Age estimation, Body mass. LIN (Y.) & LI (S. Q.), 2010. Leptonetid spiders from caves of the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau, China (Araneae: Leptonetidae). Zootaxa 2587(August 31):1-93, 61 pl., 42 rf. ABS: A total of 27 species of the family Leptonetid ae occurring in caves of the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau, Southwest Chin a, are described, including two new genera, 26 new species and one ne w combination as follows: Guineta gigachela gen. nov. and sp. nov.; Leptonetela anshun sp. nov., L. bama sp. nov., L. curvispinosa sp. nov., L. danxia sp. nov., L. digitata sp. nov., L. furcaspina sp. nov., L. geminispina sp. nov., L. grandispina sp. nov., L. hamata sp. nov., L. hexacantha sp. nov., L. jinsha sp. nov., L. jiulong sp. nov., L. liping sp. nov., L. maxillacostata sp. nov., L. meitan sp. nov., L. oktocantha sp. nov., L. palmata sp. nov., L. pentakis sp. nov., L. reticulopecta sp. nov., L. suae sp. nov., L. tetracantha sp. nov., L. tongzi sp. nov. and L. yangi sp. nov.; Sinoneta notabilis gen. nov. and sp. nov., S. sexdigiti sp. nov. In addition, Leptonetela quinquespinata (Chen & Zhu, 2008) is transferred from Qianleptoneta Chen & Zhu, 2008. The morphology of Guineta gen. nov. and Sinoneta gen. nov. are studied. Keys to all genera from Chi na and 27 species from Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau are given. All type specimens in this study are collected from caves of Yunnan-Guizh ou Plateau, southwestern China and are deposited at the Institu te of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences in Beijing (IZCAS). KW: Taxonom y, new species, troglobites, diagnosis, distribution. LIPOVŠEK (S.), NOVAK (T.), JANEKOVI (F.) & PABST (M. A.), 2010. Role of the fat body in the cave crickets Troglophilus cavicola and T. neglectus (Rhaphidophoridae, Saltatoria) during overwintering :120. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: The cave crickets Troglophilus cavicola and T. neglectus are the most widely distributed European species of the family Rhaphido phoridae. In both, the life cycle spans two years. They overwinter in cave s where T. cavicola undergo sexual maturation, while T. neglectus do not. This non-feeding period is appropriate for a comparative study of th e fat body role, especially in the energy supplying lipid and glycog en metabolism.


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 60 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 Optical and TEM cytological, and biochemical method s were applied. The fat body was studied at the beginning (November ), in the middle (January) and at the end of overwintering in younge r and older nymphs, and adults. Overwintering in warmer microhabitats, T. cavicola was expected to use lipids and glycogen more extensivel y than T. neglectus In all individuals of both species, the fat body wa s composed of about 40 oval ribbons and consisted of two principal cell ty pes: adipocytes and urocytes. Adipocytes are characterized by a large q uantity of storage lipid droplets, glycogen rosettes and protein granula, an d urocytes by glycogen rosettes and urate granula. Both undergo gradual st ructural changes. T. cavicola use glycogen continuously, but stop using lipids af ter the middle of overwintering, while the use of these substances is inverse in T. neglectus LIPS (J.), BEDOS (A.), KAUFMANN (B.), RAHMADI (C.) & DEHARVENG (L.), 2010. Arthropods of guano in Santo caves (Vanuatu):43, poster presentation. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICS B 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: The caves of Santo island in Vanuatu were biologically surveyed in September 2006 by the karst team of the expedition "Santo 2006". F ocus was placed on guano habitats, which were present and rich in Arth ropod species in most of the surveyed caves. Both free and standardized s amplings were performed in 26 different guano caves, and at sever al guano sites in some caves. The diversity of arthropods guano communitie s was characterized by three features: 1) a low alpha-diversity; 2) ins ide each community hyperdominance of one or a few species; 3) unexpect edly high variation in species composition among sites. Guanobionts rep resented a much richer community than troglobionts in the studied a rea, with several species strictly limited to caves. LISE (A. A.), FERREIRA (A. C. K.) & CRUZ DA SILVA (E. L.), 2010. Description of a new species of Pikelinia (Araneae: Filistatidae) from Brazil, with notes on its ecology. Zootaxa 2604(September 7):61-68, 6 pl., 5 rf. ABS: Pikelinia arenicola sp. n. is described from a "restinga" ecosystem near Lagoa dos Patos, Rio Grande do Sul. It is the first member of the genus recorded from Brasil. Males of P. arenicola sp. n. resemble those of P. tambilloi but differ in having a larger palpal tibia, a diff erently shaped bulbus apex and a projection on the ventral face of the tarsus. Females can be distinguished from congeners by the shape of the epigastric flap. Ecological notes on the new specie s are provided. KW: Araneae, spiders, Filistatidae, taxonomy, new speci es, ecology, Brazil. LIU (Yan), XU (W.-B.) & PAN (B.), 2010. Wentsaiboea tiandengensis sp. nov. and W. luochengensis sp. nov. (Gesneriaceae) from Karst caves in Guangxi, souther n China. Nordic Journal of Botany 28(6, December):739745. DOI: ABS: Two new species of Gesneriaceae, Wentsaiboea tiandengensis Yan Liu & B. Pan and Wentsaiboea luochengensis Yan Liu & W.-B. Xu from Karst caves in Guangxi, Ch ina are described and illustrated. Wentsaiboea tiandengensis resembles W. renifolia but differs in the leaf blade being cordate or br oadly ovate, the margin crenate or repand, with conspicuous pinnate veins 3-5 on each side, corolla throat constricted, corolla lobes ova te with apex acute, staminodes 3, and ovary broadly ovoid. Wentsaiboea luochengensis is similar to W. renifolia but can be distinguished from the latter by the coriaceous leaf blade with 2-3 inconspicuous pinnat e veins on each side, elliptic or broadly ovate to sub-rotund in shape, w ith sub-entire margin and attenuate to cuneate or sub-rotund base, broadl y ovate or sub-rotund corolla lobes, rotund or obtuse apex, and 3 stamino des. LOHAJ (R.) & LAKOTA (J.), 2010. Two new genera and species of aphaenopsoid cave-dwelling Trechini beet les from Croatia and Montenegro (Coleoptera: Carabidae: Trechinae). Natura Croatica 19(1, June 30):77-97. ABS: Two new genera of cave-dwelling aphaenopsoid Trechi ni beetles, Jalzicaphaenops gen. nov. poljaki sp. nov. from Dumen i a špilja (cave) near Rakovica (central Croatia) and Acheroniotes gen. nov. mlejneki sp. nov. from pits on Prekornica mountain range (centra l Montenegro) are described and illustrated. Both new genera are char acterized by the presence of posterior pronotal setae, Jalzicaphaenops gen. nov. also by the presence of a pair of setae on pronotal disc. T he key to the identification of all hitherto known aphaenopsoid T rechini genera from Dinarids is given. Data on the distribution and eco logy of these remarkable genera, complemented with descriptions o f the type localities are also provided. KW: Jalzicaphaenops gen. nov. poljaki sp. nov., Acheroniotes gen. nov. mlejneki sp. nov., new genus, new species, subterranean environment, Coleoptera, Carabidae, Tr echinae, taxonomy, Prekornica Mts., Croatia, Montenegro. k_jezik=82812 LOPES FERREIRA (R.), 2010. Translocation of cave fauna in Brazilian iron ore cave:164-165. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slove nia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: An experimental translocation of part of the invertebrate community from an iron ore cave to an artificial cavity was carried out in Brazil. The artificial gallery w as exclusively built to receive individuals from the original cave. Such ex periment was carried out since the original cave will be severely modifi ed by archaeological research. The artificial cave was constructed tryin g to simulate the original conditions of the cave. Even the small cha nnels in the rock that conform the cave were built through an external per forate machine. Plant species typically found in ferruginous outcrops wer e planted in hollows that were connecting the external environment with the gallery chamber. Inside these orifices, the root growth was stimulat ed with a supply of micronutrients and root hormones solution. Such pro cedure aimed to establish the trophic base in the artificial cave, which was, in the original cave, composed especially of roots of plants of the external vegetation. These roots were consumed by many invertebrate spec ies in the original cave. A total of 57 invertebrate species have been translocated. Of these, 18 were considered to have high potential for the e stablishment of permanent populations in the gallery, 24 were consi dered as of low viability (even so, they could colonise), and for15 the potential could not be established since only one individual was transl ocated. After 5 years, 23 species have colonised the artificial gallery. D ifferent species have shown distinct dynamics since their occupation of t he new habitat. Those differences are probably related to their different life histories. LORCH (J. M.), GARGAS (A.), METEYER (C. U.), BERLOWSKI-ZIER (B. M.), GREEN (D. E.), SHEARN-BOCHSLER (V.), THOMAS (N. J.) & BLEHERT (D. S.), 2010. Rapid polymerase chain reaction diagnosis of white-nose syndrome in bats. Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation 22:224-230. ABS: A newly developed polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-bas ed method to rapidly and specifically detect Geomyces destructans on the wings of infected bats from small quantities (1-2 mg) of tis sue is described in the current study (methods for culturing and isolating G. destructans from bat skin are also described). The lower limits of detec tion for PCR were 5 fg of purified fungal DNA or 100 conidia per 2 mg of w ing tissue. By using histology as the standard, the PCR had a diagnostic specificity of 100% and a diagnostic sensitivity of 96%, whereas the di agnostic sensitivity of culture techniques was only 54%. The accuracy and f ast turnaround time of PCR provides field biologists with valuable info rmation on infection status more rapidly than traditional methods, and t he small amount of tissue required for the test would allow diagnosis of white-nose syndrome in live animals. KW: Bats, Geomyces destructans polymerase chain reaction, white-nose syndrome. LOUGHMAN (Z. J.), SIMON (T. P.) & WELSH (S. A.), 2010. Foreword. Southeastern Naturalist 9(Special Issue 3: Conservation, Biology, and Natural History of Crayfishes from the Southern United States, June):1 -10. DOI: LOUGHMAN (Z. J.) & WELSH (S. A.), 2010. Distribution and Conservation Standing of West Virginia Crayfish es. Southeastern Naturalist 9(Special Issue 3: Conservation, Biology, and Natural History of Crayfishes from the Southern United States, June):63-78. DOI: ABS: The diversity of crayfishes in West Virginia represents a transition between the speciesrich southern Appalachian faunas and the depauperat e crayfish diversity


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 61 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 in the northeastern United States. Currently, 22 de scribed species occur in the state, of which 6 are given S1 status, and 3 ar e introduced species. One species, Orconectes limosus (Spinycheek Crayfish) is considered extirpated within the past decade. Imperiled specie s include Cambarus veteranus (Big Sandy Crayfish), Cambarus elkensis (Elk River Crayfish), Cambarus longulus (Atlantic Slope Crayfish), and Cambarus nerterius (Greenbrier Cave Crayfish). Three species O. virilis (Virile Crayfish), Orconectes rusticus (Rusty Crayfish), and Procambarus zonangulus (Southern White River Crawfish) have introduced p opulations within the state. Procambarus acutus (White River Crawfish) occurs in bottomland forest along the Ohio River floodplain, and is considered native. Several undescribed taxa have been identifi ed and currently are being described. A statewide survey was initiated i n 2007 to document the current distribution and conservation status of crayfishes in West Virginia. LOURENO (W. R.) & PHAM (D.-S.), 2010. A remarkable new cave scorpion of the family Pseudochactidae Gro mov (Chelicerata, Scorpiones) from Vietnam. ZooKeys 71:1-13. DOI: ABS: A new genus and species of scorpion belonging to the fami ly Pseudochactidae are described based on four specimens collected in the Tien Son cave at the Phong Nha Ke Bang National Park, Quang Binh P rovince, Vietnam. The new species represents a true troglobitic eleme nt, the first one known for the family Pseudochactidae. This represents the third known record of a pseudochactid, and the first from Vietnam. KW: Sc orpion, Vietnam, Phong Nha Ke Bang National Park, karst cave syste m, new genus and species, troglobitic element. LOURENO (S.) & PALMEIRIM (J. M.), 2010. How did bat parasites evolved to successfully adapt to thei r hosts?:213-214. In: 15th International Bat Research Conference, Prague, 22-27 August 2010, the conferen ce manual: Programme, abstracts, list of participants, edited by: Ivan HOR EK and Petr BENDA, ISBN 978-8087154-46-5, 380 p. ABS: Parasitism is one of the most successful modes of life. The transition to a parasitic lifest yle is associated to many advantages to parasites, which may include a stable environment, passive mobility, and a lower investment in nutritional fun ctions. However, it also involves a variety of adaptive challenges that had to be met by parasites: In some cases they had to evolve ways to disperse between hosts that are often discontinuously distributed in space and time; they had to adapt to the frequent presence of potential competing parasites within the confined space of the host’s body; and h ad to balance the exploitation of resources of a host with the need t o keep it alive. The main aim of this five-year research work was to det ermine how bat ectoparasites have overcome some of these challenge s and successfully adapted to their hosts, using two temperate-zone ca ve dwelling bats ( Miniopterus schreibersii and Myotis myotis ) and its ectoparasites as model systems. We found that a group of specific ba t ectoparasites, the nycteribiids, was able to overcome the spatial unpr edictability of its hosts within caves by evolving efficient sensorial mechan isms to locate them from a distance. In addition, some parasitic mites, ticks and nycteribiids were found to deal with the temporal unpredictabili ty of their bat hosts, by maximising their reproduction during the reprodu ctive period of bats, when more hosts were available and particularly vul nerable. Also, data showed that competition is likely to occur among ba t parasite species, even if for short-term periods, influencing the str ucture of their communities. And finally, found evidence that the c ost of parasitism by mites can be sufficiently severe to affect the body condition of their bat host. We discuss how these potential costs may play a role in the social structure of the bat. Overall, this study provided evidences that bat parasites have tightly coevolved with their hosts. Some of conclusions discussed here are likely to apply to other host-pa rasite systems involving bats in temperate-zones. LOURENO (W. R.) & DUHEM (B.), 2010. Buthid scorpions found in caves; a new species of Isometrus Ehrenberg, 1828 (Scorpiones, Buthidae) from souther n Vietnam [Scorpions Buthidae trouvs dans des grotte s; une nouvelle espce d' Isometrus Ehrenberg, 1828 (Scorpiones, Buthidae) du sud du Vietnam]. Comptes Rendus Biologies 333(8, August):631-636. DOI: ABS: A new species, Isometrus (Reddyanus) deharvengi sp. n., is described from caves of the region of Hon Chong, Kien Giang in sou thern Vietnam. Comments are also added about the scorpion fauna of Southeast Asia and cave dwelling buthid scorpions. KW: Scorpion, Buthi dae, New species, Isometrus Vietnam, Cave-dwelling. RS: Une nouvelle espce, Isometrus (Reddyanus) deharvengi sp. n., est dcrite des grottes de la rgion de Hon Chong, Kien Giang dans le sud du Viet nam. Des considrations sont galement apportes sur la faun e scorpionique du Sud-Est asiatique, ainsi que sur les scorpions Buth idae qui habitent au niveau des grottes. MC: Scorpion, Buthidae, Nouvell e espce, Isometrus Vietnam, Cavernicoles. LUCKY (A.) & WARD (P. S.), 2010. Taxonomic revision of the ant genus Leptomyrmex Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zootaxa 2688(November 25):1-67, 28 pl., 38 rf. BL: Cf p. 31, 43, 60, Jenolan Cave; p. 43, 60, Womb eyan Caves LUKI n (M.) & BEDEK (J.), 2010. Behavior of cave fauna:177. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August -3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961269-286-5. ABS: For the last five years authors of this presen tation have filmed macro scenes of cave fauna during biosp eleological research in different parts of Croatia. All video material i s filmed in situ using a Sony MiniDV camcorder DCR-HC1000. While observed an d filmed many of species continued with their normal activit ies of feeding, exploring, moving around, mating, cleaning or inter acting with another individual or species. Scenes chosen for this film show these interesting moments of cave life like: mating and feeding of Alpioniscus entering a basin of stagnant water by Titanethes feeding in Aranea, Chilopoda and Opiliones, grooming behavior in Chthonius Parastalita and Eupolybothrus and other interesting scenes. Macro filming of ca ve fauna discovers, in a unique way, interesting animals see n from different perspective in their natural environment. LUKI n (M.), HOUSSIN (C.) & DEHARVENG (L.), 2010. Extreme troglomorphy in a new species of cave sprin gtail, Tritomurus sp. nov., from Croatia (Collembola: Tomoceridae):121, poster presentation. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICS B 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: The family Tomoceridae includes 133 species in 16 genera. In t he caves of Europe, Eastern Asia and northern America there are about 3 0 troglobiotic species. However, few species exhibit strong morpho logical adaptations to cave life. The most remarkable in this respect i s Tritomurus falcifer Cassagnau, 1958. We present from Biokovo Mt. in Cro atia a second highly troglomorphic species, Tritomurus sp. nov. Tritomurus sp. nov. was collected from -170 to -430 meters in Amfora ja ma pit. All specimens were found in the thin water-film flowing on vertical walls or very close to it (hygropetric habitat). A number of caves were explored during the last years on Biokovo but Tritomurus sp. nov. was not found in any other cave, probably because cave hygropetric i s practically inaccessible for investigation in most of them. Int erestingly, the rare Tritomurus falcifer from Pyrenean caves of the Arbas massif, very simil ar morphologically to Tritomurus sp. nov., also lives in the hygropetric. Both have the ventro-apical labial brush particular ly developed. This mouthpart modification recalls similar filtrating s tructures observed in other species of the cave hygropetric, and suggests special feeding habits. Both of these species has remarkable slender claw a s an adaptation to cave life and walking in the hygropetric. LUKI n (M.), HOUSSIN (C.) & DEHARVENG (L.), 2010. A new relictual and highly troglomorphic species of Tomoceridae (Collembola) from a deep Croatian cave. ZooKeys 69:1-16. DOI: ABS: Tritomurus veles sp. n. (Tomoceridae) is described from a Croatian cave. It is characterized by troglomorphic features (absence of eyes, reduced pigmentation, slender claw, pointed tibiotarsal ten ent hairs) that only compare, among Tomoceridae, to the microendemic spe cies T. falcifer from the Pyrnes. Tritomurus veles also shares with T. falcifer the absence of macrochaetae on head, a presumably non-a daptive character that within Tomoceridae is unique to these two spec ies. Both species have no known epigean relatives in their respective dist ribution areas and can


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 62 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 be considered as relictual. KW: New taxon, Tritomurus Croatia, cave hygropetric, troglomorphy. LUKI n -BILELA (L.), PLEŠE (B.), BRUVO MA ARI n (B.), IMEŠEK (M.), BILANDIJA (H.) & n ETKOVI n (H.), 2010. The mitochondrial genome analysis of the unique cave dwelling sponge Eunapius subterraneus Sket & Velikonja, 1984 (Porifera: Spongillidae):62. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICS B 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: Although sponges posses plain morphology (absence of organs and tissues) and their phylogenetic position is at the base of the k ingdom Metazoa several studies showed that sponges have strikingly complex genomes. Furthermore, their gene content and functional repe rtoire are more related to their orthologs in human than to either Drosophila melanogaster or Caenorhabditis elegans counterparts, so studies of these living fossils a re important in terms of evolution and phylogeny. Spon ges are mainly marine but a few taxa within Demospongiae (suborder Spongillina) live in freshwater. Cave fauna stands out among all othe r freshwater biota owning peculiar species which are usually distinct from that of surrounding freshwater habitats. Eunapius subterraneus Sket & Velikonja, 1984, is the only stygobitic member of t he suborder Spongillina, therefore it was a challenge to elucid ate the origin of this unique sponge by obtaining the complete mitochondri al genome data. Hopefully, more freshwater sponge mitochondrial DNA sequences will be available so that the phylogeny of this group co uld be completely resolved and progress in studies of biology, evolut ion, biodiversity and efficient conservation will be possible. LUNDBERG (J.), McFARLANE (D. A.) & BREWERCARIAS (C.), 2010. An extraordinary example of photokarren in a sandstone cave, Cueva Charles Brew er, Chimant Plateau, Venezuela: Biogeomorphology on a small scale. Geomorphology (Article in Press). DOI: ABS: A distinctive suite of small-scale erosional forms th at are oriented towards the light occur close to the entrance of Cueva Char les Brewer, a large cave in a sandstone tepui, in SE Venezuela. These a re the third example of photokarren ever studied in the world, the other two being from Borneo and Ireland. They are the only photokarren e ver described from sandstone, and the only example from a non-carbonat e environment. The host rock is a poorly-lithified unit of the Precamb rian quartz arenite of the Roraima Supergroup. The forms are all oriented towa rds the light at 30 regardless of rock surface orientation. The primary (negative) erosional form is the tube. Coalescence of tubes results in t he positive remnant forms of rods, pinnacles, and cones. The final stag e is a bumpy, wavy surface of degraded cones. The size of the features varies with erosion rate, and details of the form vary with development stage. The main population averages 4.4 cm in depth, with 55% of th e surface eroded. This is divided into 10% tubes, 70% rods, 10% cones 5% linear valley and 5% wavy lowland. The micro-ecosystem includes m any bacteria, diatoms, red algae, green algae, liverworts, and or ibatid mites, but, surprisingly, no cyanobacteria. The presence of a s urface biofilm inside the forms but not on the remnant rock surface and, in the non-degraded forms, the direct relationship of biomass with dept h suggests that biological activity is the dominant control on deve lopment. In addition, direct bacterial corrosion was noted. These same fe atures occur to varying extents in the photokarren of Borneo and Ir eland, and the model for development that we present provides a unifying theory for all photokarren. (This study also includes the first pu blished petrographic analysis of uppermost unit of the Mataui Formation) KW: Photokarren, Sandstone, Cave, Tepui, Diatom, Biofilm. UPT IK (P.) & ŠUSTR (V.), 2010. What we know about Pantelozetes cavaticus (Acari, Oribatida), notes on distribution, ecology, food preference and morphology:121-122, poster presentation. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICS B 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: Oribatid mites are common soil dwelling animals; together with spr ingtails (Collembola) they dominate the soil mesofauna. Many of these sur face species can be observed in caves. Only a few species show closer a ffinities to the cave environment. Pantelozetes cavaticus (Kunst, 1962) appears to be the most abundant and frequent eutroglophilous oribatid mite in the region of Central Europe. Our contribution is focused on summ arising published data on its distribution and presentation of new da ta from Central Europe. Distribution within the caves (photic, disphotic, a photic zone) is discussed with new data on substrate preference. Po tential food sources in the oligotrophic cave environment are assessed on t he base of digestive enzymes detection. A variability of several morphol ogical characters of species is noted in the final part of the contribut ion. The study was supported by the grant VEGA 1/0139/09. MACHADO (A.) & GARCA (R.), 2010. Descripcin de nuevos Laparocerus hipogeos de La Palma, Islas Canarias (Espaa) (Coleoptera, Curculionidae, Entiminae). Boletn de la Sociedad Entomolgica Aragonesa 47(2e semestre):65-69. RES: Se describen una nueva especie y una nueva subespecie del gnero Laparocerus y se incluye una clave para la separcin de las especies de Machadotrox que son an oftalmas e hipogeas. MACAS-HERNNDEZ (N.), BIDEGARAY-BATISTA (L.), OROM (P.) & ARNEDO (M. A.), 2010. Contrasting phylogeographies underlay among-lineage variation in species diversification in the spider genus Dysdera from the Canary Islands:260. In: 18th International Congress of Arachnology, University o f Podlasie & International Society of Arachnology, Si edlce, Poland, 11-17 July 2010, Book of Abstracts, editor: Marek 9 ABKA, ISBN: 978-83-7051-575-1, 507 p. ABS: Phylogenetic studies at the population/species inte rface combined with the use of historical population genetics tools hol d great promise for addressing key questions concerning the geography o f speciation and its association to adaptive processes. We present a com parative phylogeographic and demographic analysis of two lin eages originated as part of the large species radiation of the woodlous e-hunter spider genus Dysdera in the Canary Islands. Both lineages are endemic t o Tenerife, share similar within-lineage genetic divergences an d estimated time of origin. The morphological and ecological diversific ation patterns, however, differ significantly between the two linea ges. The first lineage includes four nominal species, two of which have la rge, allopatric distributions on Tenerife (one restricted to laurel forest and the other widespread along different habitats) and the other two which are cavedwelling species with restricted geographical range s. The second lineage includes a single, widespread species that exhibits limited amount of phenotypic variation mainly associated to an elevat ion gradient. Phylogenetic and population analyses of mitochondri al and nuclear gene sequence data of 200 individuals confirmed lower ge ne flow and deeper geographical population structure in the highly div erse lineage, and uncovered cryptic diversity in both lineages. Commo n phylogeographic features in the two widespread species suggest that the geological history of Tenerife had left a footprint on the distributio n of the genetic diversity. Our results also indicate that demographic and phyl ogeographic patterns may explain phenotypic diversification asymmetries among lineages, and demonstrate that contrasting ecological strategies (specialist vs. generalist) play a major role on structuring popula tions of these species. MAHUNKA (S.) & MAHUNKA-PAPP (L.), 2010. New and little known Oribatid Mites from the Carpathian bas in and the Balkan Peninsula (Acari: Oribatida). Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 56(3):211-234. BL: Cf p. 213: E-2681: Romania, Cave Meziad, litter from F agus forest and moss from rocks, N4645.765', E2228.504', 390 m, 29.10. 2009. Leg. CS. CSUZDI, J. KONTSCHN, V. POP and ZS. UJVRI. MASTRE (G.), 2010. Le scoop de dernire heure. L'expdition Lengguru-Kaimana 2010 ramne des rsul tats hors du commun! Spelunca 120(Dcembre, 4e trimestre):3e de couverture. M KOL (J.), CICHOCKI (J.), FELSKA (M.), KOSI SKA (A.), AYDANOWICZ (J.), UPICKI (D.) & GABRY (G.), 2010. A New Data on Biology and Taxonomy of Neotrombicula inopinata (Oudemans, 1909) and Leptotrombidium russicum (Oudemans, 1902) (Acari: Actinotrichida: Trombiculidae). Annales Zoologici 60(3,


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 63 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 September):419-427. DOI: ABS: The results of experimental rearing of Neotrombicula inopinata and Leptotrombidium russicum and of field studies aiming at finding the hitherto unknown habitats occupied by active postla rval forms are presented. Diagnoses of deutonymphs reared from fie ld-collected larvae of both species are provided. Literature interpreta tion of deutonymph of N. inopinata is inconsistent with the characteristics of deuton ymph of N. inopinata obtained from larvae by experimental rearing. Larv ae of L. russicum and L. silvaticum can be separated only on the base of host spectrum. Considering the biology of the parasite a nd host species, it is likely that postlarval forms of bat-parasitizing sp ecies may be confined to tree and cave habitats, whereas those species that are known as parasites of rodents inhabit the soil habitats. KW: Parasiten gona, Systematics, Deutonymphs, Hosts, Parasitism, Life cycle. MALARD (F.), KONECNY (L.), MAGNIEZ (G. J.) & DOUADY (C. J.), 2010. The large distribution ranges of northern stygobiotic species of Proasellus (Isopoda): a test of cryptic diversity:169-170. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slove nia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: Species distribution patterns within the genus Proasellus (Asellidae, Isopoda) typically retain the imprint o f cyclical changes in climate and glacier extent that occurred during the Pleistocene. Southern regions (latitude <45N) cont ain a high number of endemic species whereas northern regions harbor a f ew widelydistributed species that could have dispersed northward from so uthern refuges soon after the last glacial episode. However, there is a risk in considering widelydistributed species as a support for dispersa l whereas they may in fact comprise unrecognized sibling species. In this study, we used a phylogenetic approach to test for the occurrence of cryptic diversity within two epigean species ( P. coxalis and P. meridianus ) and six stygobiotic species ( P. cavaticus P. slavus P. strouhali P. synaselloides P. valdensis and P. walteri ) showing large distribution ranges. First, the potential non monophyly of widely-distributed speci es was assessed from the topology of a Proasellus tree based on two independent mitochondrial loci (fragments coding for the COI protein and 16S rRNA). Second, the genetic divergence between potential cryptic sister species was compared to the divergence of known sister taxa. All species were monophyletic, with the exception of P. slavus and P. nolli which appeared to be synonyms. The epigean species P. meridianus and P. coxalis were highly homogenous with haplotypes almost identical over di stances >1000 km. The stygobiotic species P. valdensis and P. slavus also showed very little genetic diversity although their extent of occurren ce was 150 and >650 km, respectively. The four other stygobitic taxa al l showed some genetic divergence but cryptic diversity did not appear to reduce the range size of P. strouhali (>400 km) and P. cavaticus (>1000 km). Our results effectively supported the occurrence of large north ern distribution ranges among species of Proasellus including within the stygobiotic fauna. Northern dispersal either via surface or subsurface pathways remains the most plausible scenario for explaining the presentday species distribution patterns within the genus Proasellus This research was conducted within the framework of the DEEP program (Disentangling Ev olutionary and Ecological Processes shaping patterns of groundwate r biodiversity). MALI (L. B.) & BULOG (B.), 2010. Ultrastructure of previtellogene oocytes in the neotenic cave salaman der Proteus anguinus anguinus (Amphibia, Urodela, Proteidae). Protoplasma 246(1/4):33-39. DOI: ABS: Oogenesis in the neotenic, cave dwelling salamander Proteus anguinus anguinus has not been studied yet, and this study provides a detailed description of the early growth of the oocytes. Ear ly previtellogene oocytes ranging from 100 to 600 m in diameter were examined by light and transmission electron microscopy. The oocytes w ere divided into two stages based on size, color, and histology. Stage I oocytes can be identified by their transparent cytoplasm and a hom ogenous juxtanuclear mass, composed of numerous lipid droplets and mitoc hondria. Stage II oocytes are no longer transparent and have increase d in diameter to 300600 m, and many cortical alveoli differing in size hav e appeared. The common and most predominant ultrastructural charact eristics of both stages of previtellogene oocytes are extensive quan tities of smooth membrane, numerous mitochondria, and lipid droplets as well as abundant free ribosomes. Myeline-like structures an d remarkable annulate lamellae of closely packed membrane stacks are also frequently observed. Previtellogenic oocytes are the most pred ominant oocytes in the ovaries of Proteus and while they possess certain structural characteristics typical for other amphibians, some features are unique and could result from adaptation to the subterranean en vironment. KW: Proteus anguinus Ovary, Oogenesis, Previtellogenesis, Oocyte, Ultrastructure. MANCHI (S. S.) & SANKARAN (R.), 2010. Foraging Habits and Habitat Use by Edible-nest and Glossy Swiftlets in the Andaman Islands, India. The Wilson Journal of Ornithology 122(2, June):259-272. DOI: ABS: Foraging habits and habitats of exclusive aerial insectivores, the Edib le-nest Swiftlet ( Aerodramus fuciphagus inexpectatus ) and Glossy Swiftlet ( Collocalia esculenta affinis ), were studied in Andaman Islands, India. Observat ions were made during January to June 2004 between 0500 and 1800 hrs at four locations in the forest and on open paddy land Edible-nest and Glossy swiftlets, respectively, spent (x SD) 17. 2 11.4% and 25.8 15.6% of their time foraging with significant tempo ral variations. Glossy Swiftlets had spatial variations in twist, flutter, and tail-wing-open foraging maneuvers. This species also had diurnal v ariations in flock size, which were positively correlated with feeding attem pts. Both swiftlets shared all microhabitats except Inside Forest Canop y and Inside Stream Bank Canopy. Microhabitat use did not vary signific antly in Below Stream Bank Canopy, >10 m Above Forest Canopy, >30 m Above Ground, and Above Forest Canopy for Edible-nest Swi ftlets. Inside Forest Canopy and Inside Stream Bank Canopy categor ies for Glossy Swiftlets were relatively important in descending o rder. Deforestation near and distant from caves used by swiftlets for b reeding in the islands can severely affect the wild population of both spe cies. MANCINA (C. A.), 2010. Phyllonycteris poeyi (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae). Mammalian Species (March):41-48. DOI: ABS: Phyllonycteris poeyi Gundlach, 1861, a medium-sized bat, is a phyllosto mid commonly called the Cuban flower bat or Poey's flower bat. Phyllonycteris is endemic to the Greater Antilles and P. poeyi is endemic to Cuba and Hispaniola. P. poeyi is characterized by a rudimentary nose leaf, media n groove on lower lip ridged with papillae, and ears that are moderately large and separate. P. poeyi shows marked sexual dimorphism in size, with males being larger than females in some crania l and body dimensions. It is a gregarious and obligate cave dw eller that usually inhabits the innermost parts of blind galleries. P. poeyi has been captured in evergreen forest, secondary forest, and ravines. P. poeyi is listed as Least Concern by the International Union for Conser vation of Nature and Natural Resources. KW: Antilles, bat, Cuba, Cuban f lower bat, Hispaniola, Phyllonycterinae, phyllostomid, Poey's flower bat, West Indies. MANCONI (R.), CADEDDU (B.), STOCCHINO (G. A.), PANSINI (M.), PRONZATO (R.) & LEDDA (F. D.), 2010. Porifera checklist and database of Mediterranean marine caves:86, poster presentation. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slove nia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: Conservation measures and protection planning of marine caves are promoted by the EU Hab itat Directive. Porifera represent one of the main taxa in cavedwel ling sessile benthic assemblages. In this framework we report on a preli minary biodiversity inventory of sponges from Italian caves, based on t he literature review. New data from recent faunistic surveys carried out in some submerged karstic caves of southern Italy (Sardinia and Sicil y) are also reported. This contribution is the starting point for the cre ation of a Porifera database for Mediterranean marine caves. The work w as supported by Italian MATTM and PRIN-MIUR, EU project Interreg II I SardiniaCorsica-Tuscany, Fondazione Banco di Sardegna and R egione Autonoma Sardegna. MANCONI (R.), LEDDA (F. D.), STOCCHINO (G. A.), CASALE (A.) & GRAFITTI (G.), 2010. Working for the candidate Orosei Marine Protected Area (central-eas t Sardinia): On a benthic community from a subterrane an estuary in a karstic coastal cave:87, poster presen tation. In:


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 64 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICS B 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: The Orosei Gulf is presently candidate for the establishment of a n ew Marine Protected Area. Along the coastal karst, the Bue Marino Cave represents one of the most attractive units of natural heritage needing p articular regard in terms of biodiversity conservation for its diversified en demic fauna (mainly Arthropoda) from both the terrestrial and freshwate r habitats. The cave is characterised by the presence of a subterranean riv er flowing along a necklace of large subaerial freshwater/brackish wat er pools up to the cave entrance. Here we report on the discovery of a cons picuous sessile filterfeeders assemblage in a totally dark myxohaline poo l. The community structure seems to be based on taxa displaying adap tive strategies (cryptobiosis by resting bodies; euryhalinity) to s urvive in extreme environmental conditions (intermittent freshwater a quifer activity/marine ingression). The research was supported by Italian Ministero dell'Ambiente (MATTM, Studio degli ambienti di grot te marine sommerse (Codice Habitat 8330) nelle Aree Marine Pr otette di Pelagie, Plemmirio e Capo Caccia), Ministero dell'Universit e della Ricerca Scientifica e Tecnologica (MIUR-PRIN), EU Interreg III SardiniaCorsica-Tuscany, Fondazione Banco di Sardegna and R egione Autonoma Sardegna. MANCONI (R.), LEDDA (F. D.), STOCCHINO (G. A.) & GRAFITTI (G.), 2010. Biogeographic patterns of lithistids (Demospongiae) from Mediterranean marine caves:136, poster presentation. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slove nia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: Lithistid sponges recorded from marine dark karstic caves of the Mediterranean Sea are typ ically skiophilous and stygophilic/bathyphilic. They belong to the genera Aciculites Microscleroderma, Neophrissospongia Neoschrammeniella, Discodermia and Gastrophanella (families Scleritodermidae, Corallistidae, Theonellidae, Siphonidiidae). Geogra phic ranges of these ancient relic taxa show a peculiar spot-like patter n in the subtropicaltropical oceans from the Caribbean to New Caledonia Worldwide records are reported on maps to highlight that Medi terranean lithistids belong to genera all characterised by a disjoined T ethyan distribution along the ancient margins of the Mesozoic Sea. The research was supported by Italian Ministero dell'Ambiente (MATTM Studio degli ambienti di grotte marine sommerse (Codice Habitat 8330) nelle Aree Marine Protette di Pelagie, Plemmirio e Capo Caccia ), Ministero dell'Universita e della Ricerca Scientifica e Tecno logica (MIUR-PRIN), EU Interreg III Sardinia-CorsicaTuscany, Fondazio ne Banco di Sardegna and Regione Autonoma Sardegna. MANCONI (R.), LEDDA (F. D.), STOCCHINO (G. A.) & GRAFITTI (G.), 2010. Is the geographic range of the palaeoendemic sponge Petrobiona massiliana (Porifera: Calcarea) restricted to the central-northwestern Mediterranean Sea?:136-137, poster presentation. In : 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICS B 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: Petrobiona massiliana living in dark marine caves is the single species o f a monotypic genus belonging to the monotypic family P etrobionidae. It is a small skiophilous sponge (2-3 cm max size) peculiar for the ice-white colour and stony consistency ( petra means rock in Latin). Rarely recorded, P massiliana is a Mediterranean palaeoendemics apparently restricted to the central-northwestern basin. Despi te several investigations it was never recorded in Spanish caves nor in the A driatic Sea, but it is known as fossil from Crete. Here we report on a rec ent census carried out in some insular karstic caves of southern Italy (Sa rdinia Sea, Ionian Sea, Sicily Channel) to evaluate the status of this prot ected species, its abundance and geographic range. The present contrib ution is focused also on the need to investigate the presence of this sty gophilous sponge in caves of the northern Adriatic Sea and the eastern Mediterranean basin. The research was supported by Italian Ministero del l'Ambiente (MATTM, Studio degli ambienti di grotte marine somm erse (Codice Habitat 8330) nelle Aree Marine Protette di Pelagie Plemmirio e Capo Caccia), Ministero dell'Universita e della Ricerca Scientifica e Tecnologica (MIUR-PRIN), EU Interreg III Sardinia-C orsica-Tuscany, Fondazione Banco di Sardegna and Regione Autonoma S ardegna. MANTILLA-MELUK (H.) & BAKER (R. J.), 2010. New Species of Anoura (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae) from Colombia, with Systematic Remarks and Notes on the Distribution of the A. geoffroyi Complex. Occasional Papers Museum of Texas Tech University, 292(May 19):19 p. ABS: A new species of nectar-feeding tailless bat i n the genus Anoura (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae) is described from the highlands of the Colombian Andes and the independen t mountain system of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta. Complete zygom atic arches, a relatively wide uropatagium, and wide first upper m olars with poorly developed paracones are proposed as synapomorphies of the new species and A. geoffroyi geoffroyi However, the two taxa are allopatrically distributed, and the new species is morphologically distinguished from A. g. geoffroyi by a smaller skull and body size, more massive and squared molars with wider hypoconal basins, smaller P4 that are not laterally compressed, reduced anterobasal cusps, and medial i nternal cusps that are enlarged. Based on morphological analysis the distr ibutional ranges of A. geoffroyi subspecies were interpreted as follows: A. g. lasiopyga is restricted to Central America from Costa Rica north to Mexico; A. g. peruana is restricted to the mid to high elevations of the Andean system from Bolivia to Colombia; and A. g. geoffroyi is restricted to the mid and low elevations of eastern versant of the Andes from Brazil to northern South America, including the island of Trinidad. Fu rther, the morphological affinities between A. g. apolinari and members of the A. geoffroyi complex support its current recognition as a junio r synonym of A. g. peruana Based on the morphological distinction observed b etween A. g. peruana and A. g. geoffroyi including the absence of complete zygomatic arches, a more delicate rostrum, less mas sive molars, and overall darker coat coloration, as well as the ecol ogical differentiation of the areas inhabited by these two taxa, we recommend the elevation of A. peruana to specific level. KW: Anoura bats, Colombia, new species. RES: Se describe una nueva especie de murcilago ne ctarvoro sin cola del gnero Anoura (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae) proveniente de los Andes y el sistema montaoso independiente de la Si erra Nevada de Santa Marta en Colombia. La presencia de arcos zigo mticos completos, un uropatagio relativamente amplio y molares superi ores amplios, son propuestos como sinapomorfas para la nueva especie y A. geoffroyi geoffroyi Sin embargo, estos dos taxa se encuentran aloptr icamente distribuidos y la nueva especie se distingue morfol gicamente de A. g. geoffroyi por tener un menor tamao de crneo y menor tamao corporal, molares ms masivos y cuadrados, con las fosas de l os hipoconos ms amplias, los P4 de un tamao menor, no lateralmente comprimidos y cspides anterobasales de mayor tamao. Basados en anlisis morfolgicos interpretamos la distribucin de las s ubespecies de A. geoffroyi como sigue: A. g. lasiopyga es restringida a las elevaciones medias y altas de Centro Amrica desde Costa Rica h asta Mxico; A. g. peruana es restringida a las elevaciones medias y altas de l sistema Andino desde Bolivia hasta Colombia; y A. g. geoffroyi es restringida a las tierras medias y bajas de la vertiente oriental de los Andes desde Brasil hasta el norte de Sur Amrica, incluyendo la isla de Trinidad. Adicionalmente, las afinidades morfolgicas entre A. g. apolinari y los miembros del complejo A. geoffroyi apoyan su actual reconocimiento como sinnimo menor de A. g. peruana Basados en las diferencias morfolgicas observadas entre A. g. peruana y A. g. geoffroyi incluyendo la ausencia de arcos zigomticos completos, rostro ms delicado, molares menos masivos y una coloracin del pelaje ms oscur a, as como tambin la diferenciacin ecologica entre las reas habitad as por estos dos taxa recomendamos la elevacin de A. peruana a estado especfico. PC: Anoura Colombia, murcilagos, nueva especie. MARACI (.), BILGIN (R.), LU AN (R. K.), BARTONI KA (T.), HULVA (P.) & HOR EK (I.), 2010. The sympatry of Miniopterus schreibersii schreibersii and Miniopterus schreibersii pallidus in three caves: The smoking gun for their elevation to full species Status. Poster 27:68. In: 15th International Bat Research Conference, Prague, 22-27 August 2010, the conferen ce manual: Programme, abstracts, list of participants, edited


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 65 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 by: Ivan HOR EK and Petr BENDA, ISBN 978-8087154-46-5, 380 p. MARACI (.), BILGIN (R.), LU AN (R. K.), BARTONI KA (T.), HULVA (P.) & HOR EK (I.), 2010. The sympatry of Miniopterus schreibersii schreibersii and Miniopterus s. pallidus in three caves: The smoking gun for their elevation to full species status:220-221. In: 15th International Bat Research Conference, Prague, 22-27 August 2010, the conferen ce manual: Programme, abstracts, list of participants, edited by: Ivan HOR EK and Petr BENDA, ISBN 978-8087154-46-5, 380 p. ABS: Miniopterus schreibersii is a complex, polytypic group with a wide natural distribution ra nging from Southern Europe to Asia, Northern Africa, the Solomon Island s and Northern Australia. In Turkey, two cave-dwelling subspecies have been recognized, M. s. schreibersii and M. s. pallidus Research in the last decade within Anatolia showed that the populations of M. s. schreibersii and M. s. pallidus were differentiated from each other in nuclear and mitochondrial DNA, and morphology. These results su ggested that the subspecies could represent different taxa, possibly species. However, as their distribution has been found to be primarily a llopatric, and individuals of M. s. schreibersii and M. s. pallidus were never found in the same cave in sympatry, it has not been possible to elevate taxonomic levels of these subspecies to species. Here we pres ent discovery of three caves, on the eastern Mediterranean coast of Turkey where the two subspecies have been discovered in sympatry for the first time. These findings provide the final line of evidence, the sm oking gun, for designation of M. s. schreibersii and M. s. pallidus as two separate species, M. schreibersii and M. pallidus MARMONIER (P.), LUCZYSZYN (H.), CREUZ DES CHTELLIERS (M.), LANDON (N.), CLARET (C.) & DOLE-OLIVIER (M.-J.), 2010. Hyporheic flowpaths and interstitial invertebrates associated with stab le and eroded river sections: interactions between microand mesoscales. Fundamental and Applied Limnology Archiv fr Hydrobiologie 176(4):303-317. MARMONIER (P.), NAVEL (S.), PISCART (C.) & CHAUVET (.), 2010. Particulate organic matter breakdown in shallow interstitial habitat of a rura l stream:26-27. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August -3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961269-286-5. ABS: Particulate organic matter is the major source of energy for most low-order streams, but a large part of this litter is buried within bed sediment during floods and thus become p oorly available for benthic food webs. The fate of this buried litter i s little studied. We tested two methods to study litter breakdown: large litter bags (15 x 15 cm) filled with Alnus glutinosa leaves buried with a sh ovel at 20 cm deep and metallic cylinders (1.5 x 8 cm) pushed at 20 cm dee p inside the river sediment using a mobile mini-piezometer. Bags and c ylinders were retired of the sediment after 7, 14, 28, 53 days. W e tested these two methods in six stations within different land-use c ontexts (from forest to intensive agriculture) and with different sediment grain sizes. Breakdown rates were slightly different between the two metho ds. In the large bags, k varied between 0.0011 and 0.0188 d-1 (i. e. 32% to 62% of biodegradation). In the cylinders, k varied from 0. 0015 and 0.0049 d-1 (i. e. 24% to 42%). Breakdown rates measured with large litter bags were negatively correlated with a decrease in oxygen con centrations between surface and buried bags and positively correlated w ith both the percentage of coarse particles (20-40 mm) in the se diment and benthic macroinvertebrate richness. Breakdown rates measure d in the cylinders were correlated with the land-use around the statio n and the concentrations in nutrient in the river. In conclus ion, (i) the cylinder method integrates large scale ecological characteri stics of the river rather than local feature of the sediments and (ii) the ve rtical exchanges between surface and hyporheic water play a crucial role in litter breakdown and organic matter recycling. MARSHALL HATHAWAY (J. J.), 2010. Molecular phylogenetic investigation of microbial diversity a nd nitrogen cycling in lava tubes. Thesis Submitted in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of M asters of Science Biology, The University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico May, 2010, 77 p. MARTIN (P.), MARTNEZ-ANSEMIL (E.) & SAMBUGAR (B.), 2010. The Baikalian genus Rhyacodriloides in Europe: phylogenetic assessment of Rhyacodriloidinae subfam. n. within the Naididae (Annelida). Zoologica Scripta 39(5, September):462-482. DOI: ABS: Two new species of the oligochaete genus Rhyacodriloides Chekanovskaya, Rhyacodriloides aeternorum sp. n. and Rhyacodriloides latinus sp. n., are described from subterranean water bodi es of Italy and Slovenia. A comparison with the known species of th is genus, Rhyacodriloides abyssalis Chekanovskaya, 1975 and Rhyacodriloides gladiiseta Martin & Brinkhurst, 1998, both from Lake Baikal, shows that the enigmatic "cellular masses" of the latter two s pecies must be interpreted as different, not homologous structures As a result, R. gladiiseta is to be ascribed to the Phallodrilinae, a primari ly marine naidid subfamily, mentioned for the first time in L ake Baikal, and placed in its own genus, Phallobaikalus gen. n. The two new species are morphologically very similar, but their penial seta e differ slightly. The phylogenetic relationships of R. latinus sp. n. and R. abyssalis within the Naididae (formerly the Tubificidae) were investigat ed using a combination of three genes, one nuclear (18S rDNA) and two mitochondrial (12S rDNA and 16S rDNA). A fragment o f the mitochondrial COI gene, used as a barcode, also gen etically characterized all Rhyacodriloides species. Sequences of 34 Naididae were obtained from EMBL, representative of five naidid subfamilie s, and including five oligochaete outgroups. The data were analysed by pa rsimony, maximum likelihood and Bayesian inference. Taken in combina tion, the three genes investigated confirm that the two Rhyacodriloides species analysed are closer to each other than to any other naidid speci es. However, they are separated by 16S and COI distances that amount to 1 8.5% and 27.2%, respectively, suggesting an ancient separation betw een species, in good accordance with their present biogeographic distrib ution. Rhyacodriloides cannot be considered as a rhyacodriline, as assumed so far, as they never appeared related to this subfamily in any analysis considered. In contrast, they appear at the base of a naidid group, includin g the Tubificinae, the Phallodrilinae, the Limnodrilinae, as well as Branchiura sowerbyi a species whose phylogenetic association with the rhy acodrilines has been questioned for a long time. Despite a lack of phylo genetic support, this position is congruent with a morphological reassess ment of the Rhyacodrilinae, and strongly supports the erection of a new naidid subfamily to accommodate Rhyacodriloides MARTIN I (A.), 2010. Mahovna flora fitogeografskega podobmo ja Dravski Kozjak (Slovenija) [The bryophyte flora of phytogeographic subregion Dravski Kozjak (Slovenia)]. Hladnikia 25:13-30. MARTNEZ (A.) & ASENCIO (A. D.), 2010. Distribution of cyanobacteria at the Gelada Cave (Spain) by phys ical parameters. Journal of Cave and Karst Studies 72(1, April):11-20. DOI: ABS: As part of an extensive study of the caves in the Province of Ali cante (SE Spain), the distribution of cyanobacteria and physical data for the Gelada Cave are presented. This cave is 9.4 m deep, 0.9 to 5.0 m hi gh, 1.2 m wide, and is located in a karst region. Photon flux density, rel ative humidity, and temperature were measured, and the environmental ra nges of conditions where growth occurred fluctuated between 0.0008-0.0 6 E.-2s-1, 55.095.0% and 5.4-18.0C, respectively. All the microor ganisms determined from the Gelada Cave were cyanobacteria. Other freq uently observed groups in caves, such as Bacillariophyta and Chloro phyta, were not detected because the cave was too weakly illuminate d and dry. Cyanobacteria were found to be grouped as blue, bro wn, green, or gray patina according to the sampling sites and their co nstituent organisms. The primary common stress factor on the distributio n of algal communities in the Gelada Cave is light shortage, f ollowed by humidity, lack of nutrients, and temperature. Twenty-two epil ithic cyanobacteria were identified, ten of which have not been previou sly reported in caves. The species studied are included in the Chroococcal es order (77.30%), followed by the Oscillatoriales order (13.60%) and by the Nostocales


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 66 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 (4.55%) and Stigonematales (4.55%) orders. The extr eme values of the environmental parameters are presented for each tax on in this cave. MARTNEZ GARCA (A.), KVINDEBJERG (K.) & WORSAAE (K.), 2010. Annelid diversity in anchialine systems: unique adaptations and functional morpholo gy of Protodrilus n. sp. to the cave environment of La Corona lava tube (Canary Islands, Lanzarote):76. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICS B 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: After crustaceans, annelids are the second most diverse a nimal group in anchialine caves. Despite little attention paid to this group in early studies, the evidences of its high diversity has be en recorded from several anchialine environments during the last 20 years, e specially regarding interstitial species. Many of these records corresp ond to offshore forms inhabiting offshore habitats resembling caves, but stygobiotic species have also been described. Although all endemic, the se stygobiotic taxa show in fact very diverse morphological adaptations They range from typical interstitial species, morphologically simil ar to their offshore relatives, to highly modified meiofauna taxa with u nique adaptation to drifting life style in the still anchialine water c olumn at the caves. This holds also for several animals belonging to otherwi se predominantly interstitial annelid families, such as Nerillidae a nd Protodrilidae. We here explore the unique functional morphology of Protodrilus n sp., an endemic species from La Corona lava tube (Lanzarote Canary Islands). Musculature, nervous system, adhesive glands and ci liation were investigated by immunostaining and CLSM, SEM, TEM a nd LM. Motility, feeding activity and behavior are describ ed from in situ and laboratory observations on live specimens (includin g video recording). These observations are compared to similar studies conducted in other species of the genus from coastal interstitial habi tats with adaptations to the turbulent upper zone of the seafloor. The habit at of each species was characterized by measuring organic matter content, chlorophyll, salinity and sediment structure. Other cave species of inter stitial annelids were compared to Protodrilus n. sp., emphasizing adaptive convergences among different lineages. These convergences are di scussed in terms of the habitat of the species and compared to offshore relatives, in order to test the applicability of the current concept of tr oglomorphisms in Annelida. The role of historical and ecological pro cesses on the origin of these taxa is briefly discussed. MARTNEZ SNCHEZ-DEHESA (J.) & ZARAGOZA (J. A.), 2010. Sima Krubera-Voronja, Cucaso Occidental, nueva cita del pseudoscorpin troglobio Neobisium (Blothrus) birsteini Lapschoff, 1940 (Arachnida: Pseudoscorpiones: Neobisiidae). Monografas Bioespeleolgicas 5:22-25 RES: Por primera vez, se cita al pseudoescorpin Neobisium (Blothrus) birsteini Lapschoff de la famosa sima Krubera-Voronya, Abjasia. Se ofrece una breve descripcin del nico ejemplar localizado de esa especie y se discu te su varibilidad morfolgica. MARTNEZ-ANSEMIL (E.) & SAMBUGAR (B.), 2010. Annelida, an often neglected component of groundwat er ecosystems:77. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August -3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961269-286-5. ABS: About 350 species and 100 genera represent the presently known contribution of the annelids to the groundwater fauna. Stygobionts account for about 1/3 of these species. The bulk of groundwater annelids are oligochaetes, and only a f ew hirudineans and polychaetes are found. Despite their frequency and richness, annelids are often ignored in the studies of groundwater diversi ty. This is partly due to their size, often quite small so that they might be overlooked in the researches, and partly to the fact that their ident ification is difficult. We present a synthesis of the current state of knowled ge about annelids, on their diversity, patchwork of endemicity and region al differences, and we underline their contribution to the diversity of th e subterranean aquatic fauna. In the last decade, investigations of the gr oundwater fauna led to the discovery of a fauna with characteristic elemen ts (such as the naidides of marine lineage and the stygobiont family Parvidr ilidae), and of freshwater taxa showing an adaptive radiation in su bterranean environments (such as Rhyacodrilus and Trichodrilus ), or relicts of an ancient fauna (such as Rhyacodriloides ). Extensive studies like the European PASCALIS Project allowed to prove the high species richness of subterranean annelid fauna of some European regi ons (namely Italy and Spain) and to examine the environmental gradien ts driving the distribution patterns of stygobiotic annelid assemb lages. Habitat structure, water chemistry, anthropogenic pressure and historical factors are shown to influence the biodiversity patterns. I n annelids, adaptations to the subterranean environments can be attempted b y several different mechanisms, such as the body size reduction, the sh ifting or the asymmetrical bending of some genital organs, or the cyst formation in order to survive to habitat constraints. MARTNKOV (N.), BA KOR (P.), BARTONI KA (T.), BLAKOV (P.), ERVEN (J.), FALTEISEK (L.), GAISLER (J.), HANZAL (V.), HOR EK (D.), HUBLEK (Z.), JAHELKOV (H.), KOLA K (M.), KORYTR ( U.), KUBTOV (A.), LEHOTSK (B.), LEHOTSK (R.), LU AN (R. K.), MJEK (O.), MAT J (J.), EHK (Z.), ŠAF (J.), TJEK (P.), TKADLEC (E.), UHRIN (M.), WAGNER (J.), WEINFURTOV (D.), ZIMA (J.), ZUKAL (J.) & HOR EK (I.), 2010. Increasing Incidence of Geomyces destructans Fungus in Bats from the Czech Republic and Slovakia. PLoS ONE 5(11):e13853. DOI: ABS: Background: White-nose syndrome is a disease of hib ernating insectivorous bats associated with the fungus Geomyces destructans It first appeared in North America in 2006, where over a million bats died since then. In Europe, G. destructans was first identified in France in 2009. Its distribution, infection dynamics, and eff ects on hibernating bats in Europe are largely unknown. Methodology/Principa l Findings: We screened hibernacula in the Czech Republic and Slov akia for the presence of the fungus during the winter seasons of 2008/200 9 and 2009/2010. In winter 2009/2010, we found infected bats in 76 out of 98 surveyed sites, in which the majority had been previously negative. A photographic record of over 6000 hibernating bats, taken since 1 994, revealed bats with fungal growths since 1995; however, the incidence o f such bats increased in Myotis myotis from 2% in 2007 to 14% by 2010. Microscopic, cultivation and molecular genetic evaluations confi rmed the identity of the recently sampled fungus as G. destructans and demonstrated its continuous distribution in the studied area. At the end of the hibernation season we recorded pathologic changes in the skin o f the affected bats, from which the fungus was isolated. We registered n o mass mortality caused by the fungus, and the recorded population d ecline in the last two years of the most affected species, M. myotis is within the population trend prediction interval. Conclusions/Significance : G. destructans was found to be widespread in the Czech Republic and Sl ovakia, with an epizootic incidence in bats during the most recent years. Further development of the situation urgently requires a de tailed pan-European monitoring scheme. MARTINSEN (L.), JOHNSEN (A.), VENANZETTI (F.) & BACHMANN (L.), 2010. Phylogenetic footprinting of non-coding RNA: hammerhead ribozyme sequences in a satellite DNA family of Dolichopoda cave crickets (Orthoptera, Rhaphidophoridae). BMC Evolutionary Biology 10:3. DOI: ABS: Background: The great variety in sequence, len gth, complexity, and abundance of satellite DNA has made it difficult to ascribe any function to this genome component. Recent studies have shown that satellite DNA can be transcribed and be involved in regulation of chromatin structure and gene expression. Some satellite DNAs, such as t he pDo500 sequence family in Dolichopoda cave crickets, have a catalytic hammerhead (HH) ribozyme structure and activity embedded within eac h repeat. Results: We assessed the phylogenetic footprints of the HH r ibozyme within the pDo500 sequences from 38 different populations repr esenting 12 species of Dolichopoda The HH region was significantly more conserved th an the non-hammerhead (NHH) region of the pDo500 repea t. In addition, stems were more conserved than loops. In stems, sev eral compensatory mutations were detected that maintain base pairing. The core region of the HH ribozyme was affected by very few nucleotide substitutions and the cleavage position was altered only once among 1 98 sequences. RNA


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 67 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 folding of the HH sequences revealed that a potenti ally active HH ribozyme can be found in most of the Dolichopoda populations and species. Conclusions: The phylogenetic footprints s uggest that the HH region of the pDo500 sequence family is selected fo r function in Dolichopoda cave crickets. However, the functional role of HH ribozymes in eukaryotic organisms is unclear. The p ossible functions have been related to trans cleavage of an RNA targe t by a ribonucleoprotein and regulation of gene expression Whether the HH ribozyme in Dolichopoda is involved in similar functions remains to be investigated. Future studies need to demonstrate ho w the observed nucleotide changes and evolutionary constraint have affected the catalytic efficiency of the hammerhead. MATHESON (A. L.), CAMPBELL (K. L.) & WILLIS (C. K. R.), 2010. Feasting, fasting and freezing: energetic effects of meal size and temperature on torpor expr ession by little brown bats Myotis lucifugus The Journal of Experimental Biology 213:2165-2173. DOI: MATSUMURA (S.), 2010. Development of vocalization and social communication in a free-ranging nursing colo ny of Hipposideros turpis :223-224. In: 15th International Bat Research Conference, Prague, 22-27 August 2010, the conference manual: Programme, abstracts, list of participants, edited by: Ivan HOR EK and Petr BENDA, ISBN 978-80-87154-46-5, 380 p. ABS: Hipposideros turpis is the only hipposiderid bat native to Japan. A lo ngterm mark-recapture study in a nursing colony of th is species has been conducted since 1983 on Iriomotejima Island, Okinaw a Prefecture, Japan. There is great individual variation in the vocal si gnature of the attractive calls of new-born infants, which consist of oneor two-note syllables. The fundamental frequency of each note ranges 15~20 kHz and consists of 4 harmonic components with a maximum frequency o f up to 80 kHz. Each infant repetitively emits its attractive call and, during growth, the fundamental frequency of each call increases, espec ially at the second note of two-note call of the Frequency Modulation ( FM) type. Every night after foraging, the mother comes home and col lects her own infant which has been left on the ceiling of the cave. Bef ore the reunion for nursing, the mother touches the infant making it ba rk; this confirms by voice wheather it is her own baby. At each reunion, the infant emits attractive calls and the mother emits intensive ech olocation type calls. By the age of three weeks, infants developed to emit p ure-tone type calls of 75~77 kHz, but the fundamental harmonic, which is a feature of the immature type of call, remains. The social call of adults recorded in the nursing roost are mostly warning calls, which consi st of a series of graded signals reflecting different degree of warriness. C lear differences were found in vocal character of these calls; (1) a hars h bark of low frequency( 8~24 kHz) appears to be an urgent warning; (2) an F M type of call of long duration appeared to denote the need for cauti on; and (3) a rhythmic FM type call (trill or chirrup) appeared to denote a middle range of warning. These finding demonstrate that the vocal a ctivity of this species is high and that vocalization is closely related to different phases of social contexts. MAURICE (L.), ROBERTSON (A.), BLOOMFIELD (J.) & ALLEN (D.), 2010. Spatial variations in stygobiont distributions in the English Chalk:45. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slove nia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: New groundwater ecology studies are underway in the UK to sample the many geologies and areas in which the groundwater ecology is largely unknown. More detail ed studies are also being carried out to investigate the local geologic al and hydrogeological controls on the distribution of groundwater fauna. One area of focus is the English Chalk. Stygobites have been known in Chalk groundwaters from sporadic records for more than 150 years, but there have been no systematic investigations of their distribution, an d the spatial variability of stygobites in the English Chalk is largely unkno wn. New studies have been carried out in recent years in the Chalk of So uthern England. In Berkshire 19 boreholes in two catchments (total ~40 0 km2) were sampled at maximum and minimum water level conditions. The hydrogeology of these boreholes is well known (the detailed chalk s tratigraphy, the location of inflowing fractures to the boreholes, w hether the boreholes contain upward or downward vertical flow, and the n ature and size of the voids through which the water flows from borehole i maging data). The boreholes are in a range of topographical situation s (valley and interfluve) with variable depths to the water table, and they a re at varying distances from surface karst features. Results from these bor eholes are used to investigate whether there are local geological and hydrogeological controls on the distribution of groundwater fauna, and whether there are variations between low and high water table samplin g. In addition sampling at different depths in the boreholes was c arried out to investigate whether stygobionts live on the bottom or in the water column. Results from the Berkshire study are compar ed to those from other areas to investigate any regional differences in groundwater fauna in the Chalk. McCRACKEN (G. F.) GILLAM (E. H.), WESTBROOK (J. K.), LEE (Y.-F.), JENSEN (M. L.) & BALSLEY (B. B.), 2010. Brazilian free-tailed bats ( Tadarida brasiliensis : Molossidae, Chiroptera) at high altitude: links to migratory insect populations. Integrative and Comparative Biology 48(1):107-118. DOI: McFARLANE (D. A.) & LUNDBERG (J.), 2010. A note on the thermal ecology and foraging behaviour of the Egyptian fruit bat, Rousettus aegyptiacus at Mt. Elgon, Kenya. African Journal of Ecology 48(3, September):816818. DOI: MELEG (I. N.), FIERS (F.), KELEMEN (B.), POPESCU (O.) & MOLDOVAN (O. T.), 2010. Heterogeneous copepod distribution in different groundwater habit ats from northwestern Romania:27-28. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slove nia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: The mixture of soil, epikarstic and hypogean fauna, as inputs and outputs of the vadose zone offers the possibility to understand the complex structure of this heterogeneous ecosystem, by studying the structure of its populat ions from two different habitats: fissures network and pools. Relationships between the copepod assemblages and the habitat characteristics from th e vadose zone in caves from the P durea Craiului Mountains (northwestern Romania) are emphasized based on nine environmental parameters. The aims of the present research are to: 1. identify the dissimilar ities between copepod communities from the vadose zone within and between caves and in the two different habitats: voids and pools; 2. depict spatial and temporal trends in heterogeneous copepod distribution in dri ps and pools along a vertical gradient in the vadose zone, in relationsh ip to the environmental features at small spatial scale. Canonical Correspo ndence Analysis was used to explore the relationship between the copepo d species and the environmental features. Vegetation cover was the mo st important factor influencing copepod diversity and abundance. Precip itation and the amount of drips were related to epigean species, wh ile the electrical conductivity seemed to be related indirectly to hyp ogean species. Pools on limestone harbored a more diverse and abundant f auna than those on clay; the hypogean species prefer mainly the pools on limestone. Genetic analyses are in progress, extraction and PCR protoc ols are optimized for harpacticoid populations. MERRITT (D. J.) & CLARKE (A. K.), 2010. Non Glowing Sticky Worms And Glowing Centipedes. AKMA Journal 79(June):? MERZOUG (D.), KHIARI (A.), AT BOUGHROUS (A.) & BOUTIN (C.), 2010. Faune aquatique et qualit de l'eau des puits et sources de la rgion d'Oum-El-Bouaghi (NordEst algrien) [Aquatic fauna and water quality from wells and springs in the region of Oum-El-Bouaghi (NorthEast of Algeria)]. Hydrocologie Applique 17:77-97. DOI: RS: Une tude rcente ralise dans la rgion d'Oum-El-Bouaghi, d ans le Nord-Est de l'Algrie, avait comme objectif de rechercher et de prciser la relation pouvant exister entre la qualit de l'eau des puits et des sources et la diversit de la faune aquatique prsente dans ces h abitats. Pour cela une quinzaine de stations (16 puits et 2 sources) ont f ait l'objet,


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 68 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 priodiquement, d'une tude de la qualit de l'eau et d'un chantillonnage de la faune. Les stations retenues ont t choisies en raison de la diversit de leur faune mais aussi et surtout parce qu'elles prsentaient entre elles certaines diffrences videntes (profondeur de la n appe, nature du substratum, protection des puits et utilisation de l'eau par la population locale), qui pouvaient laisser esprer une certaine diversit. Les principales composantes physico-chimiques de la qua lit de l'eau ont donc t mesures puis une analyse en composantes p rincipales (ACP) a t ralise partir des valeurs moyennes de chaqu e paramtre; on a pu rvler ainsi l'existence d'une variation spatiale relativement marque de ces descripteurs, faisant apparatre quatre groupes de stations trs ingaux et bien diffrencis: un premier groupe de 11 puits situs l'aval hydraulique de la zone d'tude, o l'eau prsente d es teneurs leves en ions azots et phosphors indicateurs de pollution; l'oppos un autre groupe de 5 puits, situs plus en amont, o l'eau p rsente au contraire de faibles concentrations de substances azotes et d'i ons phosphors, donc des stations peu ou pas pollues; enfin deux autres groupes bien spars, chacun correspondant une source, dont l'eau est a ussi de qualit relativement bonne. La faune aquatique de ces puits et sources a galement t chantillonne de faon priodique. L a richesse faunistique globale des stations apparat faiblement corrle a vec la qualit de l'eau, mais en revanche la richesse spcifique de la faune stygobie (celle qui vit dans la nappe phratique) et plus encore l'abondanc e de ces espces stygobies, diminuent de faon significative avec la pollution. La faune stygobie dans son ensemble, et particulirement le groupe des Crustacs pracarides, apparat ainsi comme un trs bon indic ateur de la qualit de l'eau de ces puits et des sources. MC: Biodiversit puits, faune stygobie, espces indicatrices, qualit des eaux souterraines ABS: A recent study, performed in the region of Oum-El-Bouaghi, North-Ea stern Algeria, aimed at showing the possible relationships between the water quality of wells and springs and the diversity of the aquatic fauna which occurs in these habitats. To this end, the water quality and the fauna were regularly investigated in several stations (16 wells and 2 sp rings) selected in the region. The stations were chosen considering visibl e differences related to both their fauna and also some evident characterist ics i. e. water table depth, nature of geological substratum, protection and human use, so that it was possible to expect certain diversity. The ma in physicochemical characteristics of water were measured and a Princi pal Component Analysis (PCA) was performed with the mean values o f each variable. The PCA indicated an appreciable spatial variation of water quality related to the values of some hydrological variable s and clearly showed four groups of stations: a first group of 11 wells located in the downstream part of the study area, where water exhi bited a high level of nitrogenous and phosphoric ions revealing water pol lution. In contrast, another group of 5 wells located more upstream and where the water, containing only very low concentrations of nitrogen ous and phosphoric ions, is of good quality. Finally two other groups are well separated and include only one spring each, where water is also o f good quality. Likewise, the fauna of each station was regularly s ampled. The total faunal richness of stations was poorly correlated w ith water quality but, in contrast, the specific richness of the stygobiontic fauna (the subterranean species living in groundwater), and moreover the ab undance of these stygobiontic species decreased significantly in cas e of water pollution. Thus the stygobiontic fauna and especially the pera carid crustaceans appear to be good indicators of water quality in th e studied wells and springs. KW: Biodiversity, wells, stygobiontic faun a, indicator species, groundwater quality. MESCHEDE (A.), HAMMER (M.), ZAHN (A.) & RUDOLPH (B.-U.), 2010. 25 years of bat monitoring in Bavaria, Germany: Population trends and future task s:229230. In: 15th International Bat Research Conference, Prague, 22-27 August 2010, the conference manual: Programme, abstracts, list of participants, edited by: Ivan HOR EK and Petr BENDA, ISBN 978-80-87154-46-5, 380 p. ABS: Bats of Bavaria (Germany) have been intensivel y investigated since 1985 when two centers for bat co nservation (Koordinationsstellen fr Fledermausschutz) were fi rst installed. After 25 years of research and monitoring, the state-wide da tabase provides for solid material for population trend analyses. Overa ll the database encompasses more than 103000 records from almost 25 000 locations and 24 species. Monitoring data from 204 underground hi bernacula (ca. 10% of all known underground sites; controlled at least 8/24 winters) and from 257 colonies of Myotis myotis were analysed using the modelling programme TRIM (vers. 3.53). Winter censuses of 14 species regularily hibernating underground show an overall strong incr ease averaging 6% per year with the strongest growth in natural caves Trends for six bat species occurring in bigger numbers are positive: Barbastella barbastellus Myotis daubentonii M. myotis M. mystacinus/brandtii M. nattereri Plecotus auritus The winter population of Pipistrellus pipistrellus/pygmaeus has grown strongly (11%) due to an increase in a few sites. Winter numbers of Rhinolophus ferrumequinum have been rising as have the numbers in the only known nurser y colony. Likewise the three colonies of Rhinolophus hipposideros are growing whereas the summer population of Myotis emarginatus stagnates after an increase until 2003. Summer counts of Myotis myotis increased until the early/mid 1990s remaining stable since. However, trends in th e biogeographical regions reveal an overall moderate increase in only six of the 14 regions inhabited by Myotis myotis colonies. This might be due to food availability and presence/absence of suitable forag ing habitats (predominantly deciduous-rich forests) remaining to be investigated. For the other species trends can neither be specified f or summer nor for winter populations due to small sample sizes or lac k of monitoring data. An urgent future task is to shed more light on hibe rnation sites and behaviour of the species occurring in low numbers. MESIBOV (R. E.), 2010. The millipede genus Tasmaniosoma Verhoeff, 1936 (Diplopoda, Polydesmida, Dalodesmidae) from Tasmania, Australia, with descriptions of 18 new species. ZooKeys 41(March 26):3180. DOI: ABS: Tasmaniosoma armatum Verhoeff, 1936 is redescribed from topotypical specimens and the following congeners are described from Tasmania: T. alces sp. n., T. aureorivum sp. n., T. australe sp. n., T. barbatulum sp. n., T. bruniense sp. n., T. cacofonix sp. n., T. clarksonorum sp. n., T. compitale sp. n., T. decussatum sp. n., T. fasciculum sp. n., T. fragile sp. n., T. gerdiorivum sp. n., T. hesperium sp. n., T. hickmanorum sp. n., T. laccobium sp. n., T. maria sp. n., T. orientale sp. n. and T. warra sp. n. MESIBOV (R. E.), 2010. Two new millipede genera from northwest Tasmania, Australia (Diplopoda: Polydesmi da: Dalodesmidae). Zootaxa 2571(August 19):53-61, 5 pl., 4 rf. ABS: Setoisenoton pallidus n. gen., n. sp. and Dysmicodesmus jeekeli n. gen., n. sp. occupy small ranges (<5000 km2) in the forests of northwest Tasmania. Both have a head + 19 rings, me tatergites lacking posterior corner extensions, and long, rigid gonopo d telopodites reaching at least to legpair 4 when retracted. S. pallidus resembles Notonesiotes aucklandensis Johns, 1970 from the subantarctic Auckland Islands but differs in gonopod details. D. jeekeli is unusual in the Tasmanian dalodesmid fauna in having basally fused telopodite s. KW: Diplopoda, Polydesmida, Dalodesmidae, Australia, Tasmania. MEYER-ROCHOW (V. B.), 2010. Bioluminescence in Focus A Collection of Illuminating Essays, Victor Benno Meyer-Rochow. Sections about Bioluminescence in animals. Special attention is paid to glow worms in chapters 16 18, from caves in New Zealand and Australia. MICHAT (M. C.), ALARIE (Y.) & WATTS (C. H. S.), 2010. Descriptions of the first-instar larva of the hypo gaeic species Neobidessodes limestoneensis (Watts & Humphreys) and of the third-instar larva of Hydroglyphus balkei Hendrich (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae: Bidessini) with phylogenetic considerations. Zootaxa 2658(October 27):38-50, 3 pl., 28 rf. ABS: The first-instar larva of Neobidessodes Hendrich & Balke (through the hypogaeic species N. limestoneensis (Watts & Humphreys)) and the third-instar larva of Hydroglyphus Motschulsky (through H. balkei Hendrich) (Dytiscidae: Bidessini) are described and illustrated in detail for the first time, including detailed morphometric and chaetotaxic ana lyses of the cephalic capsule, head appendages, legs, last abdominal segm ent and urogomphi. A cladistic analysis including 51 characters and 32 hydroporine taxa is performed, which supports the inclusion of both gen era in the tribe Bidessini based on the absence of the primary pore ABc on the last abdominal segment. The third instar of H. balkei is characterized by the absence of secondary setae on the urogomphi and ant erior secondary setae on the coxa, and the presence of 8-9 secondar y setae on the mesofemur. On the other hand, the first instar of N. limestoneensis bears 14 lamellae clypeales on the anteroventral margin o f the nasale. This species has evolved several morphological character s that are probably


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 69 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 associated with its hypogaeic existence, including a lightly sclerotized body, relatively longer cephalic capsule and mandib les, a strongly reduced occipital foramen, absence of stemmata, and short claws. However, primary chaetotaxy apparently has remained as a very conservative expression of the phenotype. KW: Divin g beetles, larva, epigaeic, hypogaeic, morphometry, chaetotaxy, phylo genetic relationships. MIHEVC (A.), PAUL-ISTRATE (V.), MOLDOVAN (O. T.) & CONSTANTIN (S.), 2010. First results on subfossils in cave sediments from Slovenia and Romania:46, poster presentation. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slove nia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: Cave sediments preserve unaltered a broad range of proxies that can be used for past cl imate change reconstruction. Subfossil remains from cave sedimen ts can give indications on sediments origin, conditions for dep osition and paleoenvironment. Samples of suspended sediments fr om six caves (one unroofed) were taken from Slovenia and Romania. Fra gments of aquatic (oligochetes, watermites, copepods, cladocerans) an d terrestrial (insects) invertebrates were identified at group level. Paleo magnetic properties of sediments, vertebrate fossils and invertebrate subf ossils were used as proxies in an integrated study about cave sediments The presence of the subfossils is explained in the frame of the paleoen vironmental and paleoclimatic context and is supporting the propose d hypotheses about time and conditions for sediment deposition and pal eogeographic evolution. Ministre de l'cologie, de l'nergie, du Dveloppe ment durable et de la Mer, 2010. Circulaire du 13 aot 2010 relative aux dclinaisons rgionales de la stratgi e nationale de cration des aires protges terrestre s mtropolitaines. Bulletin officiel fascicule spcial n 2010-1, 275 p. Ministre de l'cologie, de l'nergie, du Dveloppe ment durable et de la Mer, 2010. Rserve Naturelle Nationale des Gorges de l'Ardche. Dossier d'Enqute Publique et de Consultations. Dclassement, Classement. Mars 2010:92 p. BL: Cf p. 47, Le milieu souterrain. Ministre de l'cologie, de l'nergie, du Dveloppe ment durable et de la Mer, 2010. Rserve Naturelle Nationale des Gorges de l'Ardche. Dossier d'Enqute Publique et de Consultations. Dclassement, Classement. Dossier scientifique. Annexe D. Mars 2010:94 p. Ministry of Spatial Planning and Environment, 2010. Fourth National Report of Montenegro to the Convent ion on Biological Diversity. Vasilije Buskovic & Milena Kapa, Eds. Podgorica, September 2010. Missouri Department of Conservation, 2010. White-nose Syndrome Action Plan. Missouri Department of Conservation, Jefferson City, Missouri. Missouri Natural Heritage Program, 2010. Missouri Species and Communities* of Conservation Concern. Checklist January 2010. 53 p., = Terrestrial Natural Communities. Does not includide aquatic, geologic o r cave communities. MlTOV (P. G.), 2010. A new anophthalmous species of the genus Paranemastoma Redikorzev, 1936 from Bulgaria (Opiliones: Nemastomatidae):299. In: 18th International Congress of Arachnology, University of Podlasie & International Society of Arachnology, Siedlce, Pola nd, 1117 July 2010, Book of Abstracts, editor: Marek 9 ABKA, ISBN: 978-83-7051-575-1, 507 p. ABS: In this paper a new eyeless representative of Paranemastoma collected from the Stojkova Dupka 1 cave in the Slavyanka Mountains (SW Bulgari a) is described and illustrated based on a single male specimen and two juveniles. The penis, chelicerae and form of the pedipalp, as well as the absence of scutum armament, clearly separates this new species from any other nemastomatid. The closest species morphologically, and the only other eyeless example, is the troglobiont Paranemastoma (Buresiola) bureschi which is known from numerous caves in the Balkan mo untain range (Stara Planina Mts.). MLINAR (C.) Cic, 2010. The aquatic life of the PostojnaPlanina Cave System:177. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slove nia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: The movie shows some of the characteristic cave animals from the deep phreatic waters of the PostojnaPlanina Cave System. Known to harbor the most diver se subterranean fauna in the world, this place awakes in us both de light and a sense of responsibility as to its conservation. Not only the animals, also we humans depend critically on the quality of the kars tic groundwater. The message the movie tries to convey is that the wonde rful but fragile subterranean life depends on the same resources as the survival of our own species, and that these resources need to be co nserved and protected. All scenes were filmed in natural underwater habita ts. A special feature of the movie is a pregnant Proteus female for the first time observed in the wild and for the first time caught on film. MOCK (A.), 2010. Terrestrial isopods and millipedes in Slovak caves: results of long-term exploration:137138. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICS B 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: Mountainous area of the Slovak Republic (Slovakia) in Central E urope (Western and partly Eastern Carpathians) is strewed with rather huge Mesozoic karst regions (more than 5000 caves). Terrestrial arthrop ods in the area were investigated from the second half of the 19th Century, including isopods and millipedes, but with limited successes for a lo ng time. Up to the end of the 20th Century, the postulate of absence of local caverni colous millipedes and terrestrial isopods was generally ac cepted, with exception of two eutroglophiles, Mesoniscus graniger (Isopoda) and Allorhiscosoma sphinx (Diplopoda). Nevertheless one troglobiotic millipede, Typhloiulus polypodus was described from the Buekk Mountains in Hungary, as the most southern and rath er isolated foreland of the W. Carpathians. Few years before the start o f new millennium, other generation of biospeleologists started to inv estigate local caves (also in non-calcareous bedrock) and to co-operate in field with entomologists, specialized narrowly on beetles befo re. It has brought fruits, inter alia, 9 other cavernicolous millipede s and two isopods were found. They represent also higher taxa new for the region (e. g. millipede families Trichopolydesmidae, Anthroleucosomatidae a nd Brachychaeteumidae). One millipede was described as a new species ( Mecogonopodium carpathicum ). Description of two others from the families Haaseidae and Blaniulidae is in preparatio n. The taxonomy in some other cases is unclear at the moment. Biogeogr aphy and ecology of these arthropods are being studied on the fly. All of them are relicts but with various history and origin (probably from Mioc ene to Pleistocene) with relations to fauna of Southern Carpathians or SE Alps and Dinarides or Atlantic Europe. The highest biodiversity of cav ernicolous species is concentrated to karst areas of plain type in SE kar st units of the W. Carpathians (Slovak/Aggtelek Karst, Muranska Platea u), obligate cave dwellers occur exclusively here. It seems their dis tribution is limited to old fluvial caves with allochthonous watercourses, transported organic material from surface. The bulk of specimens were f ound at/on wood material. Present state of knowledge of particular species will be discussed. The study was supported by the grant Veg a 1/0139/09. MOESCHLER (P.), ROU (S.) & ZBINDEN (K.), 2010. Protection des colonies de Minioptres (chauves-sou ris) par fermeture des grottes: une dmarche inadquate? Le Rhinolophe 18:113-128. MOLDOVAN (O. T.), MELEG (I. N.) & PER OIU (A.), 2010. Habitat fragmentation and its effects on groundwat er populations:46. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August -3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book, edited by:


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 70 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961269-286-5. ABS: The subterranean unsaturated zone of the karst ic areas is a fragmented landscape. The maze of more o r less connected voids harbors simple communities of mixed surface a nd subterranean species. The hypogean crustaceans are dominant in a lmost all communities of eight stations sampled monthly in a cave from northwestern Romania. Water stable isotopes and flo w rates were used to understand the morphological organization of the su bterranean habitats. Communitiey structure, synchrony, temporal and spat ial structures and variation at different geographical levels are disc ussed in evolutionary and conservation terms. MORADMAND (M.) & JGER (P.), 2010. On three new species of the genus Spariolenus Simon, 1880 (Sparassidae: Heteropodinae) from Iran, with commen ts on taxonomy and zoogeography:304. In: 18th International Congress of Arachnology, University of Podlasie & International Society of Arachnology, Siedlce, Pola nd, 1117 July 2010, Book of Abstracts, editor: Marek 9 ABKA, ISBN: 978-83-7051-575-1, 507 p. ABS: Spariolenus Simon, 1880 is one of the rarest genera of the spider fami ly Sparassidae with just few species described so far. Currently, six nomina l species of the genus are reported from Asia. Sparassids of Iran have bee n poorly investigated with just three recorded species. During surveys in semiarid parts of Iran (caves as well as river banks), three morphological ly different specimens of the genus were encountered. Results from investi gations of somatical and copulatory characters as well as analyzing CO-I sequences will be presented as well as a discussion about the species status of the new forms. The cave-dwelling species, Spariolenus sp. 1, are impressive giant spiders and have leg spans up to 15 cm. The other t wo species were caught from crevices in rocks near river banks. In this study, the subfamily Heteropodinae is recorded for the first t ime from Iran. Representatives of Heteropodinae are common inhabit ants of subtropical and tropical forests of Africa ( Barylestis ), Asia ( Barylestis Bhutaniella Heteropoda Martensopoda Pandercetes Pseudopoda Sinopoda Spariolenus ) and Australia ( Heteropoda Pandercetes Yiinthi ). Occurring of the members of Heteropodinae in the current arid and semiarid areas suggests that the region used to be humid in former times. After vanishing of the ancient tropical forest in the ter ritory of the today's Iran, the relict populations retreated into places like c aves as remaining suitable (=humid) habitats. Taxonomy and zoogeograp hy of the current species in relation to other species of the genus a re discussed. MORANO HERNNDEZ (E.) & SNCHEZ CORRAL (D.), 2010. Contribucin al conocimiento de los Araneidae Latreille, 1806 y Tetragnathidae Menge, 1866 (Arach nida, Araneae) del Parque Natural de las Sierras de Cazor la, Segura y Las Villas (Jan, Espaa). Boletn de la Sociedad Entomolgica Aragonesa 46:245-254. RES: Se hace un inventario de arcnidos de dicho Parque, citando al gunas especies capturadas en cuevas. MORI (N.), MEISCH (C.) & BRANCELJ (A.), 2010. Biodiversity of ostracods (Ostracoda, Crustacea) in groundwater habitats of Slovenia:138, poster presen tation. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: The extensive sampling campaigns in the past few years in Slovenia provided new information about distributional patterns of ma ny groundwater ostracod species. Many species known until now only from a single site or the type locality showed wider geographical dist ributions. The biodiversity and species composition of ostracods f rom different groundwater habitats and different geographical reg ions is compared and the updated checklist of recent Ostracoda is presen ted. MORVAN (C.), KONECNY (L.), MALARD (F.) & DOUADY (C. J.), 2010. Is stygobiont diversification a consequence of extrinsic factors?:170. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICS B 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: The striking features of groundwater biodiversity resulted in in tensive debates about the origin and distribution of species. The prevale nce of relicts naturally led to the idea that the great age and stability of many subterranean habitats protected species from the vicissitudes of climate through geological time whereas their epigean ancestors wen t extinct due to extreme climatic change. This paradigm undoubtedly influenced one of the most widely accepted models known as the "Glaci al Relict" model (or Climatic Relict Hypothesis; CRH) and its derivative s (the regression model, the biphasic model of evolution, the two-ste p model and the threestep model). In all these conceptual models, specif ic events such as cold Pleistocene climate, marine regression, stream capt ure, and spring failure resulted in the ablation of surface populations, th ereby unequivocally interrupting gene flow between epigean and hypogean populations. In these models, speciation is allopatric and diversif ication in groundwater is driven by extrinsic factors. In the seventies, the discovery of stygobionts in tropical regions where closely related species w ere still extant led to the proposal of an alternative model: the adaptive shift hypothesis (ASH). This model postulates that epigean and hypogean pop ulations parapatrically diverge because of different selecti ve pressures in surface and subterranean habitats. The ASH differs fundamen tally from the CRH in that diversification in groundwater is a mostly continuous process depending on intrinsic factors linked to ecological adaptation in groundwater. Paleontology is the main method to eva luate diversification and its variation over geological times. However, f ossil records of stygobionts are extremely scarce and morphological convergence is believed to be rampant. In this context, methods ba sed on molecular data are promising alternatives for detecting temporal s hifts in diversification rates, thereby enabling to tease apart the contribu tion of the CRH and ASH models. Using two of the most diverse genera of stygobiont, the isopods Proasellus and the amphipods Niphargus we tested whether the speciation rate of stygobiotic taxa changed over ti me and if so, when and how did the changes occur. This work was developed within the framework of the DEEP and Biofresh research program s. MORVAN (J.), 2010. Fivres hmorragiques virales. 04/02/2010, 71 diapositives. MOŠKRI (A.), TRONTELJ (P.) & FIŠER (C.), 2010. A bioinformatic quest for phylogenetic resolution: ad ding new genes to the Niphargus supermatrix:171. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICS B 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: The subject of our study is the genus Niphargus Schiodte (Amphipoda: Niphargidae) which is the largest genus of freshwater amphipods. It also represents one of the most diversified and well-studied group of a quatic troglobionts. Recent phylogenetic studies based on molecular (one nuclear and one mitochondrial locus) and morphological data of appr oximately one-third of all nominal Niphargus taxa revealed a number of smaller and geographically defined clades although relationship s between them remain unsolved. In order to obtain the much needed robust framework for the study of more fundamental problems of evolu tion, adaptation and adaptive radiation of this group we searched for no vel, more informative and robust molecular markers. We used a bioinformat ic approach combined with conventional PCR techniques. Our firs t step was a review of published alternative nuclear protein-coding reg ions that resolved other difficult phylogenies where standard universal mark ers had failed. We selected thirty-two potential nuclear regions and t ried to amplify them using primers reported elsewhere. With genomic DNA as a template we successfully amplified four nuclear regions (glutam yland prolyltRNA synthetase, elongation factor 1= phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase and glucose phosphate isomerase). We also construct ed several primers by scanning sequence databases and using bioinforma tic tools and amplified two additional nuclear regions (glycerald ehyde3-phosphate dehydrogenase and arginine kinase). Using DNA seque nce data of these markers, a phylogeny of a subset of Niphargus species was constructed. Together with two mitochondrial genes, COI and ATP synthetase subunit > our supermatrix currently contains approximately 5000 base pairs. With the growing number of included gene sequences, both overall phylogenetic resolution and individual node support are increasing. The results of this preliminary study already show the potential of resolving power of nuclear protein-coding genes.


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 71 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 MOURET (C.), VACQUI (J.-F.), COLLIGNON (B.), ROLIN (J.) & STEINER (H.), 2010. La rivire souterraine gante de Tham X Bang Fai et le rseau karstique associ, Aire nationale protge* de Hin Namno, Khammouane, Laos central. Spelunca 119(Septembre, 3e trimestre):35-45, = Espace national pour la Conse rvation de la biodiversit ou NBCA (National Biodiversity Conservation Area). MUGUE (N. S.), 2010. Caucasus and vicinity: comparative phylogeography of Ponto-Caspian and subterranean crustaceans:62-63. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August -3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961269-286-5. ABS: We will present our data on molecular phylogen etics of large Ponto-Caspian groups of crustaceans (ponto gammarids, corophiids and mysids), and subterranean genera Niphargus and Troglocaris from caves and springs of the Caucasus. High ecolo gical plasticity of the modern Ponto-Caspian taxa, its ex traordinary success in dispersion in the European fresh waters and in colo nization of new environments may give a clue for understanding of p eculiar and enigmatic distribution of European subterranean cru staceans. A freshwater lake on the Caucasus coast of the Black Sea (lake Abrau) and several lakes along the Turkish coast of the Marmar a Sea contain relic ponto-caspian fauna and provide examples of success ful invasion of both potamophilous and limnetic taxa in the water bodies elevated above the sea level. The hypothesis of paleo-Pontocaspian ori gin of some subterranean genera has testable conclusion: the ge netic diversity of (mostly unexplored) niphargid fauna from the Caucas us and the Turkish coast of the Black Sea should be higher than in the rest of the area of the genus distribution. MULEC (J.) & KUBEŠOV (S.), 2010. Diversity of bryophytes in show caves in Slovenia and relation t o light intensities. Acta Carsologica 39(3):587-596. ABS: In subterranean environments phototrophic organisms ca n grow only in the proximity of light sources. In a study from eight S lovenian show caves: rna jama, Kostanjeviška jama, Krška jama, Pekel pri Zalogu, Pivka jama, Postojnska jama, Škocjanske jame, upanova ja ma and two mines, Idrija mercury mine and Meica lead and zinc mine, equipped for tourist visits, 37 taxa of Bryophyta and Pteridophyta were identified. The most frequent organisms were mosses Amblystegium serpens Brachythecium sp., Eucladium verticillatum and Fissidens taxifolius The highest diversity of bryophytes was recorded in Meica mine with 16 identified taxa where lamps are on continuously. Bryophytes we re collected at wide range of photosynthetic photon flux densities (PPFD ) from 0.2 to 530.0 < mol photons/m2/s. Eucladium verticillatum had the highest span of PPFDs, ranging from 1.4 to 530.0 < mol photons/m2/s. Bryophytes compensate for low PPFD with longer exposure to lig ht irradiance. Cratoneuron filicinum identified in Meica mine developed sporophytes at 2.1 and 2.4 < mol photons/m2/s, in Postojnska jama Brachythecium salebrosum developed sporophytes at 4.7 < mol photons/m2/s. Recolonization of lampenflora in show caves where b leach is applied to prevent its growth is still successful at sites tha t are exposed to long periods of irradiance and high PPFD. MULEC (J.) & WALOCHNIK (J.), 2010. Airborne microorganisms and relation to atmospheric paramete rs in big cave systems (Postojnska jama, Slovenia):102-10 3. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICS B 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: Air represents an important habitat and intermediate stage in prop agation of microorganisms. Airborne microbes and influences of atmospheric parameters to their distribution, seasonal variabil ity and counts were studied in the Postojnska jama cave system. The stu dy included measurement of temperature, relative humidity, CO2, air pressure, total dust concentration, DNA concentration, and cultivat ion of airborne microbes on group specific media (bacteria, fungi, algae, amoebae) and subsequent identification of free-living amoebae (F LA). In the cave atmosphere, the highest variations of atmospheric p arameters were attributed to CO2 and dust concentrations, 3-times or 2-times higher in the summer period. Similarly, using a depositional samp ling method, higher DNA concentrations were detected in summer compared to winter e. g. 68 ng DNA/cm2 and 42 ng DNA/cm2, respectively. Airborne microorganisms were sampled using an Air Sampler Ma s-100 (Merck). Inside the cave system bacterial viable counts were more stable throughout the year (34-41 cfu/m3) compared to airborne fungi (40-195 cfu/m3). Air flow from cave exteriority brings inside the cave viable algal propagules, as expected the highest number was dete cted in the cave entrance (1-4 cfu/m3). R squared statistics was applied to explain the proportion of variability in microbial count vs. at mospheric parameters. Each atmospheric parameter individually did not con tribute significantly (max<0.54) to the global trend of microbial counts. Air in huge cave systems like Postojnska jama is subjected to mixing due to natural air and river flow, and tourist activities caused by touris t trains and various walking tours in the cave. However, bioaerosol anal yses out of the main cave passage revealed existence of more stable atmo spheric conditions and microbial counts throughout the year. Sampling with the impactor of maximum 1 m3 of air revealed no FLA, but when depositional samp ling of open Petri plates was adopted, similar dynamics of airborne FLA was observed compared to other microbial groups; with t he peak in the summer period. The most prevalent FLA were acantham oebae, hartmannellids and vahlkampfiids. All acanthamoebae were genotyped and almost all isolates belonged to genotype T4. Ot her amoebozoans found very frequently were mycetozoans, mostly dict yostelids. MUNKWITZ (N.), REDELL (D.), CRAIN (E.), SCHUURMAN (G.), RYAN (T.) & PALOSKI (R.), 2010. Environmental Assessment on Rules to Protect Wisconsin Cave Bats and Manage Geomyces destructans the Fungus Associated with White-Nose Syndrome. MUNSHI-SOUTH (J.) & WILKINSON (G. S.), 2010. Bats and birds: Exceptional longevity despite high metab olic rates. Ageing Research Reviews 9:12-19. DOI: MURACCIOLE (M.), DELAUGERRE (M.) & PAVON (D.), 2010. Asplenium marinum L., une fougre nouvelle pour la flore de Tunisie [ Asplenium marinum L., a new fern for the Tunisian flora]. Poiretia 2:7-11. RS: Les auteurs signalent une observation d' Asplenium marinum L. dans l'archipel de La Galite sur l'lot de la Fauchelle. La dcouverte de cette nouvelle fougre pour la flore de Tunisie permet de faire le point s ur sa rpartition en Mditerrane. ABS: Authors describe an observation of Asplenium marinum L. in the Galite archipelago on the Fauchelle isle t. Discovery of this new fern for the Tunisian flora allow us to hi ghliht its distribution in the Mediterranean. MURARIU (D.) & GHEORGHIU (V.), 2010. ? ura Mare cave (Romania) the most important known hibernati ng roost for Pipistrellus pygmaeus Leach, 1825 (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae). Travaux du Musum national d'Histoire naturelle "Grigore Antipa" 53(Dcembre):329-338. DOI: ABS: The ? ura Mare cave from Romania is one of the largest roost for hibernating colonies of bats with more than 40000 individuals. Pipistrellus pipistrellus and P. pygmaeus are prevalent species with more than 34000 individuals in mixed colonies. Other 6 bat species are less represented (e. g. Rhinolophus ferrumequinum only 500 individuals) but Miniopterus schreibersii 's colony counts 3500 individuals. From the total o f 8 identified bat species, 5 are a priority according to the European Union legislation: Rhinolophus ferrumequinum Myotis myotis M. oxygnathus Barbastella barbastellus and Miniopterus schreibersii RS: On a investigu, du point de vue chiroptrologique, seul ement les premiers 850 m, en partant de l'entre principale, de la Grotte ? ura Mare, longue de 11123 m. Les auteurs font une analogie avec la grot te Huda lui Papar, car elles se ressemblent par la hauteur et la large ur du porche, mais aussi parce qu'elles abritent plus de 76000 chauve-souris (cf. Coroiu & al., 2006), avec la mention que cette dernire a t inv estigue sur toute sa longueur. Dans la Grotte ? ura Mare, Pipstrellus pipistrellus est l'espce dominante (avec environ 30600 individus), tandis qu e P. pygmaeus a t estim environ 3400 individus. La seconde espce de cet abri (avec 3500 individus) a t Miniopterus schreibersii qui a connu un dclin drastique de sa population au cours des dernires 5 0 annes et mrite l'inclusion dans le programme national de monitorin g. D'autres espces


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 72 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 prioritaires (conformment la lgislation europe nne) sont: Rhinolopus ferrumequinum Myotis myotis M. oxygnathus Barbastella barbastellus Pour cette raison, les auteurs proposent que la Gro tte ? ura Mare soit dclare aire protge. KW: Bat hibernation colony, important roost in Europe, Pipistrellus pygmaeus MURIEL-CUNHA (J.), CARDOSO (N. A.), FILHO (J. E. M.), GUTEMBERGUE (G.) & ALBINO (U.), 2010. Biospeleological research in the Amazon: the case o f Planaltina cave in the ecoregion Xingu-Tapajs, Bra zil:8788. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: There are more than 1000 not yet systematically studied caves in the Northern region in Brazil. The Par State has at least 467 c aves registered by the National Center for Study, Protection and Managemen t of caves (CECAV). Two decades ago five caves from Speleologi cal Sandstone Province Altamira-Itaituba were studied by Trajano' s group and among them the Planatilna cave appears to be the biggest sandstone cave in Brasil (1500 m of length) and is characterized by h igh populational densities if compared with the other Brazilian cave s. Planaltina shows a great production of guano dispersed by massive bat colonies which depends upon the neighborhood Amazon forest resourc es. We carry out several expeditions in order to evaluate the biodiv ersity status and populational aspects of the Planaltina cave fauna. Samples were also collected for microbiological analyses from guano/s oil/river bed/wall from cave; ph, temperature were registered. The pop ulation of some macroinvertebrates was counted along seven transect s. The average pH and average temperature were 4 and 26C, respective ly. The number of colonies formed by microrganism per gram was from 1 04 to 107, the highest density from guano and lowest from riverbed Among vertebrates, characiform fish ( Erythrinus erythrinus Erythrinidae) showed various levels of pigmentation. The size of cricket populat ion was estimated at 11264 individuals with an average density of 1.37 i nd./m2, and the size of cockroach population at 3075 with 0.37 ind./m2. These numbers were lower than 22 years ago. The great level of actual deforestation in the regioned by the construction of the Rodovia Transam aznica could be considered a source of great environmental impact t o the caves in the area. Therefore, the biodiversity conservation of t hose subterranean habitats is in a fragile equilibrium with the integ rity of the Amazon forest; its equilibrium is been threatened by the deforesta tion front and now by projects of construction of several dams in the Eco region Xingu-Tapajs. MURPHY (N. P.), GUZIK (M. T.) & WILMER (J. W.), 2010. The influence of landscape on population structure of four invertebrates in groundwater springs. Freshwater Biology 55(12, December):2499-2509. DOI: SUM: 1. The unique aquatic fauna of the island-like grou ndwater springs of arid inland Australia raises important questions as to h ow aquatic species persist in very isolated and fragmented habitats an d the role that dispersal may play in mitigating/mediating the influence of l andscape structure and determining population structure. By determining th e relationship between genetics and geography (i. e. phylogeograph y), the historical processes responsible for population structure can be determined. 2. We undertook comparative phylogeographic studies of in vertebrates from springs south of Lake Eyre. Clusters of springs lyi ng within and between surface drainage catchments (which provide a potent ial connection between springs) were sampled, and the phylogeograp hic structure of four coexisting species, an ostracod Ngarwa dirga a snail Fonscochlea accepta an isopod Phreatomerus latipes and an amphipod Wangiannachiltonia guzikae was examined. 3. Clear differences in the geographic patterns of genetic structure were found amongst the four species. No discernable genetic structure was found in ostracod and snail populations, even amongst springs lying 20 km apart in separate surface catchments; isopod populations were highly genetica lly structured amongst springs located in separate catchments, but not within catchments, whilst amphipod populations were highly genetically structured amongst springs both within and between catchments. 4. The results suggest that differences in dispersal abili ty of each species, and not the overall fragmented nature of the springs, m ay have led to large differences in phylogeographic history. Interesting ly, the relative dispersal ability of these species may be related t o their vulnerability to and recovery from large-scale flood events. Therefo re, despite the highly isolated and fragmented nature of the springs, the landscape has not strongly influenced the population structure of the aquatic invertebrate community as a whole nor has it led to the evolutio n of common life histories. KW: Aquatic invertebrate, comparative ph ylogeography, dispersal, landscape structure. Musum d'Histoire naturelle de Bourges, 2010. Bibliographie franaise sur les Chauves-souris. 11/2010, 16 p. NAE (A.), 2010. Improphantes improbulus (Simon, 1929) (Araneae, Linyphiidae) new record for the Roumanian fauna. Travaux de l'Institut de Spologie "mile Racovitza" 49:81-85. ABS: In this paper Improphantes improbulus (Simon, 1929) is presented for the first time in th e literature about the Roumanian fauna. The new illustrations contribute t o a better knowledge about morphological characterization of the species The currently known distribution of this species in Roumania is also gi ven. KW: Improphantes improbulus new record, Roumania. NAGY (Z. L.) & POSTAWA (T.), 2010. Seasonal and geographical distribution of cave-dwelling bats in Romania: implications for conservation. Animal Conservation Article first published online: 12.X.2010. DOI: ABS: Caves offer bats refuges for hibernation, bree ding and other social events. Their quality is important for species dist ribution. The role of cave microclimate as well as other environmental fa ctors influencing the distribution of cave-dwelling species, is poorly kn own. We tested the significance of cave variables (length, temperature elevation, occurrence of water) and geographical location for the presenc e of bats during hibernation and the breeding season in five regions in Romania. To detect species' environmental relationships, we used canon ical correspondence analyses for winter bat aggregations and principal components analysis for maternity colonies. We analysed the factors inf luencing the distribution of bats by using two sets of explanato ry variables reflecting cave characteristics and geographical locations. Wi nter aggregation was divided into three groups: (1) bat species that pre fer high temperatures ( Rhinolophus euryale Myotis cappacinii ) and hibernate at a low altitude; (2) species ranging from midto high elevation and low temperature ( Myotis myotis / oxygnathus group); (3) species that hibernate in large, cold cave systems with a constant flow of the water ( Pipistrellus pipistrellus Nyctalus noctula Barbastella barbastellus ). Maternity colonies were divided into those that select either high (rhinolophids) or low temperatures ( My. myotis / oxygnathus and Miniopterus schreibersii ). The most important factors influencing the distribu tion of bats are the temperature in caves and their geographical locatio n. This information was combined with IUCN's Red List data as well as w ith the number of individuals occurring in caves with the aim of iden tifying the key sites for conservation. The majority of these sites, which al so constitute the refuges for vulnerable species, are located in west and south-western Romania. Seven caves provide shelter throughout the year for 122000 individuals of 14 species. KW: Bats, caves, conserv ation, Carpathians, Dobrogea, species-environment relationship. N P RU (M.), ALJAN I (G.) & OŠTIR (K.), 2010. Design of a GIS database to monitor possible threat s to the habitat of Proteus anguinus (Amphibia: Proteidae). A case study of a highly vulnerable population of P. a. parkelj in Bela krajina, Slovenia:88-89, poster presentation. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICS B 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: The population of pigmented, black Proteus ( Proteus anguinus parkelj Sket & Arntzen, 1994) is, by no doubt, the most distinguished of al l Proteus populations. Due to its most limited habitat in the karst hinter land, namely only three springs in Bela krajina, SE Slovenia (less than 50 km2), even a local pollution could have a devastating impact on the wh ole population. Since it was discovered in 1986, a considerable amount of data on geology, hydrology and geomorphology has been gathered; also the presence and accumulation of heavy metals and other pollutants, from agriculture and industries, has been well documented. All this data should be put together in a coherent database, based on the local hydrogeo logical conditions where P. a. parkelj lives, as well as on the identification of those a reas of natural and anthropogenic conditions, affecting its habitat. The goal of


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 73 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 this study is to produce a customized GIS data mode l in order to examine and organize the physical aspects of the hydrogeolo gical system of the habitat. It will comprise the existing processes an d objects in the karst landscape, leading to the accurate mapping of the a rea where P. a. parkelj is present. This model is designed first in a conce ptual scheme, developed with the help of UML (Unified Modeling Language) having a high flexibility to be further integrated within the GIS software (ArcGIS 9.3.1 will be used in our case). The model will provide a useful analytical tool to better understand the habitat of P. a. parkelj and to provide the framework to model surface and subsurface events th at could influence its population. This could guide nature conservatio n actions against arising threats in the future. NARANJO (M.) & OROM (P.), 2010. La cueva de Montaa Blanca: nuevo tubo volcnico de la isla de Fuerteventura. Vulcania 9:? t&view=article&i d=61&Itemid=22 NARANJO (M.), OROM (P.), PREZ (A. J.), GONZLEZ (C.), FERNNDEZ (O.), L"PEZ (H. D.) & MARTN (S.), 2010. Fauna caverncola de Gran Canaria Secretos del mundo subterrneo. Ed. Sociedad Entomolgica Canaria Melansis, ISBN: 978-84-96296-8 93, 106 p. /revistas/canarias_ 2010.htm NAVA (S.), VENZAL (J. M.), TERASSINI (F. A.), MANGOLD (A. J.), CAMARGO (L. M. A.) & LABRUNA (M. B.), 2010. Description of a New Argasid Tick (Acari: Ixodida) from Bat Caves in Brazilian Amazon. Journal of Parasitology 96(6, December):10891101. DOI: ABS: Nothoaspis amazoniensis n. sp. (Acari: Ixodida: Arg asidae) is described from adult and immature ticks (nymph II, nymph I, l arva) collected from bat caves in the Brazilian Amazon. Also, 16S rDNA s equences are provided. The diagnostic characters for adults are the presence of false shield or nothoaspis, an anteriorly projecting hood covering the capitulum, a medial extension of palpal article I ( flaps), genital plate extending from coxa I to IV, absence of 2 setae on the internal margin of the flaps, a minute hypostome without denticles, pr esence of a central pore in the base of hypostome, and a reticulate sur face pattern on the posterior half of the nothoaspis in males. The nymp h II stage is characterized by a hood that is small in relation t o the capitulum, short coxal setae, palpal flaps lacking setae on the inte rnal margin, long hypostome, pointed with dentition 4/4 apically, and the anterior half of the body is covered by a cell-like configuration. N ymph I stage is characterized by a hood, small in relation to the c apitulum, dorsum of the body covered by a cell-like configuration, venter i ntegument covered by a cell-like configuration, and hypostome dentition 4/ 4 with apices that are "V"-shaped. Diagnostic characters of the larvae are the number and size of dorsal setae, and the shape of scutum and hypost ome. The new species appears to have a life cycle with a larva that feed s on bats, a non-feeding nymphal stage (nymph I), a feeding nymphal stage (n ymph II), and adults that probably represent non-feeding stages. NAVES (F.), 2010. Biloga de Aveiro descobre espcies novas. Dirio de Notcias 02 Dezembro 2010, Para mais detalhes consulte: nt_id=1 725060&seccao=Biosfera ent_id=1725060&seccao =Biosfera NECK OV (J.), 2010. Nlez netopra brvitho ( Myotis emarginatus ) v Praze [Record of the Geoffroy's bat ( Myotis emarginatus ) in Prague (Czech Republic)]. Vespertilio 13/14:151-152. ABS: A roosting female of the Geoffroy's bat ( Myotis emarginatus ) was found in a mine at @ eporyje, at the south-western edge of the capital of Prague on 17 October 2010 (cadastre of Praha@ eporyje, 300 m a. s. l., mapping square 5951). This is the first confirmed record of the species in the te rritory of Prague. KW: Myotis emarginatus distribution, Bohemia. NEGREA ( .), 2010. On the specimens of Eupolybothrus (Leptopolybothrus) tridentinus (Fanzago, 1874) (Chilopoda: Lithobiidae) from the "Z. MATIC" and ? Negrea" collections (Romania). Travaux du Musum national d'Histoire naturelle "Grigore Antipa" 53(Dcembre):139-147. DOI: NEHM (R. H.) & SCHONFELD (I. S.), 2010. The future of natural selection knowledge measurement: A reply to Anderson & al., 2009. Journal of Research in Science Teaching 47(3, March):358-362. DOI: NELSON (Daniel), 2010. Food web structure of cave streams in southwestern Illinois and the survival and growt h of the stygophilic Gammarus troglophilus (Crustacea: Amphipoda) under laboratory conditions. Master's Th esis University of Idaho. NMOZ (M.), 2010. Final report of the LIFE-Nature program "Conservation of three cave-dwelling bats i n southern France". Bat Research News 51(1):40-41. NMOZ (M.), 2010. Bilan du programme LIFE "Conservation de trois Chiroptres cavernicoles dan s le sud de la France" 2004-2008. Symbioses n. s., 25(Mars, Actes des 12e rencontres nationales "chauves-souris" de la SFEPM (Socit Franaise pour l'tude et la Protect ion des Mammifres), Bourges, Mars 2008 ):13-14. .htm NERI (F.), 2010. Histoires tarnaisesÂ… bien mystrieuses. Kawa Sorix 9(Novembre):2. NEVRL (M.), 2010. Sedmdest p A t let Ji B ho Gaislera. Vespertilio 13/14:157-163. NGO (van T.) & PAUWELS (O. S. G.), 2010. A new cavedwelling species of Cyrtodactylus Gray, 1827 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Khammouane Province, southern Laos Zootaxa 2730(December 24):44-56, 2 pl., 58 rf. ABS: A new cave-dwelling bent-toed gecko, Cyrtodactylus lomyenensis sp. nov. is described from a karst forest in Gnommalath Dist rict, Khammouane Province, southern Laos. It differs from all other species of IndochineseThai Cyrtodactylus in the following combination of characters: maximu m SVL of at least 71.2 mm; head dorsum yellowish with irregular brown blotches; presence of a brown nuchal loop reaching the posterior edge of the orbit; four narrow yellowish-cream transversal bands with irregular anterior and posterior black edges on a brown backg round between limb insertions; no precloacal groove; 39-40 precloacalfemoral pores in males, arranged in a continuous row; females with 3 2 precloacal-femoral pores in a continuous row, smaller than those of ma les; five postanal tubercles on each side; 16-18 subdigital lamellae o n first toe; 19-23 subdigital lamellae on fourth toe; no tubercles on tail dorsum; and a median row of enlarged subcaudal scales. KW: Cyrtodactylus Gekkonidae, description, new species, Khammouane, L aos, cavedwelling. NIEMILLER (M. L.), NOSIL (P.) & FITZPATRICK (B. M.), 2010. Corrigendum. Molecular Ecology 19(7, April):1513-1514. DOI: ABS: This article corrects: Recent divergence with gene flow in Tennessee cave salamanders (Pleth odontidae: Gyrinophilus ) inferred from gene genealogies. Vol. 17(9):2258-2 275, article first published online: 10 April 2008. NIEMILLER (M. L.) & POULSON (T. L.), 2010. Chapter 7. Subterranean Fishes of North America: Amblyopsidae:169-280. DOI: In: TRAJANO (E.), BICHUETTE (M. E.) & KAPOOR (B. G.), Biology of Subterranean Fishes. Edited by TRAJANO (E.), BICHUETTE (M. E.) & KAPOOR (B. G.). ISBN:


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 74 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 978-1-57808-670-2. eBook ISBN: 978-1-4398-4048-1. Science Publishers 2010. 460 p. NILSSON (A. N.), 2010. All diving beetle specific and subspecific names explained. Sk rvn pparn Supplement 1:1-42. NIRLANE DA COSTA (P.), GONALVES DE MELO (A.), ROBERTO BATISTA (L.), TAYLOR (E. L. S.), LOPES FERREIRA (R.) & GOMES CARDOSO (P.), 2010. Identification of tannase producing fungi species in Brazilian caves:100, poster presentation. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICS B 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: Caves are environments that might favor the development of mi croorganisms due to their environmental characteristics. However, cave microbiology is still poorly studied in Brazil. The biodiversity of subte rranean microbiota is still unknown, as well as the biotechnological impo rtance of such organisms. Understanding the importance of preservi ng cave microbiota, as well as its potential use, may function as an im portant tool for cave conservation. Tannase (tanino acil) hidrolase EC 3. 1. 1.20 is an extracellular inducible enzyme of great biotechnolo gical interest. It hydrolyses ester and depside bonds present in gallo tannins, complex tannins and gallic acid esters. It is mainly used i n beverage, tea, fruit juice and food processing. This enzyme is also of environ mental importance since it acts as a hydrolyzing agent in cleaning up the highly polluting tannin from the effluent of leather industry. Micor ganisms are important source of tannase, such as species from the Aspergillus and Penicillium genus. The objective of this study was to search fo r isolates of biotechnological interest (tannase producers) prese nt in caves located in the Brazilian biome named Caatinga (Brazilian xeric shrubland). With this information it is possible to provide new tool s that might be used for conservational purposes. The enzymatic production ( tannase) by filametous fungi was tested in specific media. The tannase producers were identified up to the species level. They were isolated in specific media, incubated for seven days and then identified according to their macroscopic and microscopic morphological character istics. From all the isolates tested, nine tannase producing species wer e identified: six Aspergillus species ( A. tubingensis A. pumiceus A. japonicus A. tamarii A. foetidus and Aspergillus sp.) and three Penicillium species ( P. oxalicum P. corylophilum and P. sclerotiorum ). Only few of these species have already been reported as Tannase produ cers. This result provides important information pointing caves as en vironments holding species of biotechnological potential. The identifi cation of these species highlights the need of more studies concerning cave microbiota and the importance of preserving these environments. NITZU (E.), NAE (A.), GIURGINCA (A.) & POPA (I.), 2010. Invertebrate communities from the mesovoid shallow substratum of the Carpatho-Euxinic area. Travaux de l'Institut de Spologie "mile Racovitza" 49:41-79. ABS: Between 1998 and 2008, the authors analyzed from a faunistic and zoogeographic point of view, 5 sites with different types of mesovoid shallow subtratum (MSS) from the karst areas of Dob rogea and the Carpathians. These sites are: the cleitric MSS from the Movile area (South Dobrogea) from the karst of Dobrogea and t he nude and covered colluvial MSS from the Vrghi 8 ului Gorges (600-660 m.), the colluvial and cleitric MSS from the Motru Basin (370-407 m.), the nude (Marele Grohoti 8 1650 m., Cerdacul Stanciului 1571 m.) and covere d colluvial (Valea Seac 1000m.) MSS from Piatra Craiului from the kars t areas of the Carpathians. On the whole, the authors have identified 265 invertebrate species frequently found in the variou s MSS types (19 species of Isopoda, 13 species of Diplopoda, 71 spe cies of Collembola, 38 of Araneae and 124 species of Coleoptera), all p resented in a comparative way. Among them, 25 species are endemic for the CarpathoEuxinic space. The specific diversity, the degree o f endemicity, the preferential and characteristic species are highlig hted. The role of the MSS from the analyzed sites in the edaphic subter ranean transfer at a faunal level and in the conservation of the local p opulations is discussed. KW: M. S. S., mesovoid shallow substratum/superfici al subterranean environment, sampling methodology, Araneae, Coleopt era, Collembola, Diplopoda, Oniscidea, Carpatho-Euxinic area, charac teristic species, zoogeography. NJUNJI n (I.) & PAVI n EVI n (D.), 2010. Diversity of troglobiotic beetles (Insecta, Coleoptera) of Krivo šije area (Orjen Mt, Montenegro) in the scope of the recent biospeleological investigations:156, poster present ation. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: Krivošije area (Orjen Mt.) belongs to the Dinarides karstic m assif and represents one of the most important diversity hot spots of tr oglobiotic arthropod fauna. Despite the fact that Krivošije area is very well biospeleologically investigated, some very important new records of th e troglobitic beetles, including new species and genera, have been noticed in recent years. The overview of all troglobiotic beetles of the mention ed area is given. NOL (P.), SRET (B.) & DOR (A.), 2010. Fiches descriptives des espces marines de France mtropol itaine (invertbrs et poissons) dont la protection est en visage. Musum d'Histoire naturelle (MNHN), Service du Patrimoine Naturel (SPN), Rapport SPN 2010-10, Novembre 2010, version du 4 Novembre 2010, 95 p. NOGARO (G.), DATRY (T.), MERMILLOD-BLONDIN (F.), DESCLOUX (S.) & MONTUELLE (B.), 2010. Influence of streambed sediment clogging on microbi al processes in the hyporheic zone. Freshwater Biology 55(6, June):1288-1302. DOI: SUM: 1. The hyporheic zone plays a key role in hydrological exchange and biogeochemical processes in streambed sediments. The clogging of sediments caused by the deposition of particles in the bed of streams and rivers can decr ease sediment permeability and hence greatly affect hyporheic mic robial processes. 2. The main objective of this study was to determine t he influence of sediment clogging on hyporheic microbial processes in three French rivers (the Usses, Drme and Isre). In each river, microbial abundance and activity were studied at three depths (10, 30 a nd 50 cm) in the sediment at one unclogged (high porosity) and one c logged site (low porosity). 3. The results showed that the sediment clogging had inconsistent effects on microbial processes in the three rivers. Increases (Usses) or decreases (Drme and Isre) in both aero bic and anaerobic processes were detected at the clogged sites compar ed to unclogged sites. These results suggest that microbial changes becaus e of the sediment clogging are mainly mediated by the residence time of water within the hyporheic sediments. 4. A single model predicting t he effect of clogging on hyporheic microbial processes cannot be applied generally to all rivers because the degree of clogging creates heterogeneou s effects on flow rates between surface and interstitial waters. As a consequence, the influence of heterogeneous clogging on surface wate r-hyporheic exchanges needs to be evaluated by water tracing an d hydraulic modelling to determine the links between microbial processes and hydraulic heterogeneity induced by clogging in hypo rheic sediments. KW: Clogging, fine sediment, hyporheic zone, watersediment exchanges. NOTHIAS (J.-L.), 2010. Les chauves-souris dcimes par un champignon tueur. Le Figaro Sciences et Technologies 06/08/2010. MC: Geomyces destructans champignon, chauves-souris. 8/06/0103020100806ARTFIG00513-les-chauves-souris-decimees-par -unchampignon-tueur.php NOVK (J.) & DNYI (L.), 2010. Faunistical and biogeographical survey of the centipede fauna in th e Aggtelek National Park, Northeast Hungary. Opuscula Zoologica 41(2):215-229. BL: Cf Kossuth (48.487N; 20.550E): Jsvaf C mouth of Kossuth Cave. NOVAK (T.), PERC (M.) & JANEKOVI (F.), 2010. Candidates for superficial subterranean habitats an d epikarst among terrestrial cave inhabiting species: 28-29. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: Since


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 75 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 1977, sixty-two (62) caves and artificial tunnels, mostly in central and northern Slovenia, have been systematically investi gated for their environmental characteristics and terrestrial fauna s. Among more than 450 species found, two species groups outstand for their disagreement with the general statement that, in accordance with their adaptation to the hypogean environments, organisms progressively exhi bit troglomorphoses from shallow towards deep habitats. The first such group is represented by a dozen of troglomorphic sp ecies which are rare in caves, thus these are not their preferable habit ats. The second one consists of a few troglophilic species with a moder ate troglomorphic appearance, which found stable and relatively abund ant populations also in some places deep inside caves. Both groups are a ssumed to enter caves either from stone and gravel accumulations, like th e superficial subterranean habitats (SSH) or from the epikarst. I n this contribution we present the way of detecting the two origins of suc h species with respect to their distributional pattern within caves. For t his purpose we used the following three groups of data collected in the fie ld and in the laboratory. 1) The distances from the entrance and from the sur face, respectively, indicating the general distribution pattern within the upper few tens of meter within the subterranean domain. 2) The presen ce of populations deep inside some larger caves providing evidence of the ability of a species to live in these habitats and/or, in case o f inhabiting various cave sections, its relatively euryecious response within the range of various hypogean habitats. 3) A moderate cold-hardiness to temperatures below 3C serving as a measure of estimating either a tem porary contact of a species with freezing habitats or its incomplete ad aptation to deep, meteorologically stable hypogean habitats with temp eratures constantly above 0C. We first analyze the general types of di stribution of 18 dominant species within the investigated caves addr essing to the interpretation of their preferred habitats. We comm ent on the presence of troglomorphic and some other species in the caves. NOVAK (T.), THIRION (C.) & JANEKOVI (F.), 2010. Hypogean ecophase of three hymenopteran species in Central European caves. Italian Journal of Zoology 77(4, December):469-475. DOI: ABS: Three hymenopteran species the ichneumonids Amblyteles armatorius and Diphyus quadripunctorius and the proctotrupid Exallonyx longicornis are most frequently cited from all over Europe as e xecuting their inactive hypogean ecophase in caves. Yet, little is known ab out their environmental requirements during their summer quie scence and/or winter diapause; only limited data are known from W estern and Eastern Europe. In this investigation, the sojourn of hymen opterans in hypogean environments is ecologically evaluated on the basis of data obtained from 63 systematically investigated caves and artificial tunnels in central and northern Slovenia, as being representative of the C entral European countries. Nine environmental parameters measured a t the resting sites of individuals were subjected to Principal Component A nalysis (PCA). The species differ significantly from each other on eco logical parameters: the euryecious A. armatorius occupies a narrow central position with respect to environmental requirements in caves; the montane D. quadripunctorius exhibits the best, and the lowland E. longicornis the feeblest adaptation to hypogean environments. In contrast to Western and E astern Europe, in the central countries, the three hymenopteran speci es prefer dormancy habitats other than caves. These regional differenc es deserve more attention in future investigations of European hypo gean fauna. KW: Dormancy, hypogean environments, Amblyteles armatorius Diphyus quadripunctorius Exallonyx longicornis NOVAK (T.), TKAVC (T.), KUNTNER (M.), ARNETT (A. E.), LIPOVŠEK DELAKORDA (S.), PERC (M.) & JANEKOVI (F.), 2010. Niche partitioning in orbweaving spiders Meta menardi and Metellina merianae (Tetragnathidae). Acta Oecologica 36(6, November/December):522-529. DOI: ABS: Hypogean habitats are relatively simple exhibiting low diversity, low production and relative constancy of environmental factors, and are therefore appropriate for studying species coexiste nce in situ. We investigated the coexistence of two closely related similarly sized orbweaving spider species, Meta menardi and Metellina merianae living syntopically in a Slovenian cave. We studied the an nual dynamics of both species within a mixed population, and the impact o f the ambient temperature, relative humidity, airflow and illumin ation, and compared their trophic niches to legacy data on prey of both species from 55 caves in Slovenia. We predicted a large overlap in their spatial niches and substantial differences in their temporal and troph ic niches. We found that their spatial niches overlap greatly with few exceptions, mostly on the dates of notable meteorological changes in the cave but that their temporal niches differ significantly with r-strateg y resembling epigean annual dynamic in M. merianae and a steady low abundance course in M. menardi within the cave. We also found that different pred atory strategies significantly segregate their trophic niches: M. merianae uses a typical orb-weaving hunting strategy, while M. menardi combines web hunting with off-web hunting. Our findings suggest that bot h the diverse dynamics and trophic niches enable the coexistence of M. menardi and M. merianae despite their similar spatial niches, and that M. menardi in particular, is optimally adapted to the epigean/hyp ogean ecotone. KW: Coexistence, Spatial niche, Trophic niche, Nutritio nal ecology, Speleobiology. NOVKOV (A.), 2010. Cave microscopic fungi as food source for caves inhabiting springtails and some microfungal records:103-104. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slove nia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: Records of saprotrophic microfungi are reported from a number of Czech, Slovak, Romanian a nd Spanish caves. Of them, several species represent coprophilous fun gi occurring on various types of animal excreta such as bat guano a nd bat droppings, marten or dormouse excrements or isopod and diplopo d faeces ( Penicillium glandicola P. vulpinum Chrysosporium speluncarum Chaetomium brefeldii and Phycomyces nitens ). Additional coprophilous species, Coemansia aciculifera was isolated from cave sediments. Botryosporium longibrachiatum was isolated from the frog carcass in the Domica Cave system (Slovakia). Rarely reported micr ofungal species Dimargaris bacillispora was found repeatedly in collembolan rearings on the cave sediment from the Domica Cave system and t he Punkva Caves (Czech Republic), but also on dead isopod Mesoniscus graniger in laboratory rearing and from C. aciculifera growth after one month exposition of agar disc with C. aciculifera colony on the cave sediment in the Domica Cave. Sixteen microfungal species isolat ed from cave sediment of the Domica Cave ( Paecillium lilacinum Clonostachys rosea f. rosea Cladosporium herbarum Mucor dimorphosporus Absidia glauca Coemansia aciculifera Talaromyces flavus Myxotrichum deflexum Mortierella sp., Isaria farinosa Doratomyces stemonitis Oidiodendron cerealis Fusarium solani Trichosporon cf. pullulans and T. dulcitum ) were used in food preference test with four colle mbolans, Folsomia candida Heteromurus nitidus Hypogastrura aequepilosa and Orthonychiurus rectopapillatus The test was carried out in 20 cm Petri dishes covered with damp layer of Plaster of Paris. The food was offered in form of agar discs cut from 7 days old microfung al colonies, each disc having been put into a separate sector. Twenty indi viduals of each collembolan species were then placed into the centr al part of Petri dish. The presence of springtails on the food and their g razing activity were recorded daily for a period of 10 days. At the begi nning of the experiment, some fungi (e. g. T. dulcitum, T. cf. pullulans and C. aciculifera ) were significantly preferred, while several speci es were ignored completely ( D. stemonitis, T. flavus and C. rosea f. rosea by O. rectopapillatus ; T. polysporum and C. herbarum by F. candida ; and Mortierella sp. by H. nitidus ). D. stemonitis O. cerealis and I. farinosa were preferred by some springtails only in advanced stages of the experiment. Nevertheless, there were strong differe nces in food preferences among individual collembolan species. NOVKOV (A.), BRAD (T.), MOLDOVAN (O. T.) & HILLEBRAND (A.), 2010. Microscopic fungi isolated from several caves in Romania:104, poster presentat ion. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: Saprotrophic micromycetes were investigated in seve ral caves located in the Bihor Mountains, the Padurea Craiului Mountains and in the Dobrogea region. Airborne microfungi from outdoor a nd cave air were studied from the point view of colony-forming unit (CFU) numbers and species diversity. In addition, samples of cave sed iment and other substrates such as bat guano, animal excreta, and v isible microfungal


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 76 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 colonies were collected from all visited caves. The re were marked differences in CFU numbers among individual caves, the highest CFU numbers having been estimated in the Fana e Cave, probably due to the extensive bat colonization. In the Ur 8 ilor Cave, differences in CFU numbers were found between of airborne microfungi i solated during the day (tourist time) and those isolated during the ni ght. NSW Government (Environment, Climate Change & Water) & NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service, 2010. NSW Native Animal Keepers' Species List 2010 (also available at: OARGA (A.), SCHILLER (E.), PER OIU (A.), ŠEBELA (S.) & MULEC (J.), 2010. Contribution to the ecology of Copepoda in sulphidic karst springs (veplenica D olenja Trebuša, Slovenia):138-139, poster presentation. In : 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICS B 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: For many groups of animals sulphidic habitats represent an i nhospitable environment. veplenica (465 D 38.21 E N 1350 D 20.04 E E) sulphidic spring (Dolenja Trebuša, Slovenia) was investigated for fa unal diversity and for environmental conditions. The sulphidic spring is s ituated only some 10 meters south of Dinaric oriented (NW-SE) Kobarid fa ult and 2.3 km south of regionally important Idrija fault in coars e-grained massive Upper Triassic dolomite with tectonic situation typical f or External Dinarides. The spring discharge was rather constant in the 2year monitoring period ~1.8 l/min. Water temperature was 10.5 0.2C, wit h pH of 7.56 0.12, and specific conductance of 419 9 < S/cm. Measurements at the spring orifice showed low concentrations of dissolved oxyg en (0.13 mg/l). Dissolved sulphide concentration was 7.8 mg/l, sulp hate 9.9 mg/l, and nitrate and ammonium was 0.0 mg/l. At the spring or ifice filaments of microbial mat were attached in variable quantity. D ry weight of filtered water at the orifice was 2.7 mg/l. Water samples fo r stable isotope analysis were collected on a monthly basis. The con stant !18O and !2H values in veplenica spring indicate long residence times of water in the underground. Invertebrate diversity was screened in different seasons. Seven different taxonomic groups were identified in the spring: Gastropoda, Oligochaeta, Aranea, Acarina, Cladocera Copepoda and insects larvae. The most abundant group were copepo ds. In the sulphidic water Bryocamptus echinatus luenensis Bryocamptus zschokkei and Paracyclops fimbriatus were identified. Among the indentified copepods ovigerous females and different copepodit stages we re present. These species are known to have wide ecological distribut ion, but little data exists on their presence in sulphidic habitats. Lon g residence time of water in the underground (>5 months) and stability of physicochemical parameters in veplenica spring suggest that these copepods which were found in every season were able to tolerate low oxy gen and high sulphide concentrations. The results give us an interesting insight into copepod diversity and their ecology with respect to sulphid ic karst habitats. OBRIST (M. K.), BONTADINA (F.), BOHNENSTENGEL (T.), MOESCHLER (P.) & KRTTLI (H.), 2010. From revision of red list to bat biodiversity monitoring : Procedures, first results, and projections:239. In: 15th International Bat Research Conference, Prague, 22-2 7 August 2010, the conference manual: Programme, abstracts, list of participants, edited by: Ivan HOR EK and Petr BENDA, ISBN 978-80-87154-46-5, 380 p. ABS: Red Lists are generally accepted instruments for th e appreciation of the protection needs of organismic groups. In Switzerla nd, all 30 species of bats were red-listed as late as 1994, strongly sugg esting for a revision. To comply with the requirements of the IUCN for reprod ucible and quantifiable measures for red list status assessmen ts, we first clarified combined occupancy and detectability rates of endem ic species using data of a pilot study and previous habitat monitori ng studies. Results were used to model different sampling schemes regarding to their ability to sense changes in occupancy rates. The models led us to devise a five stage procedure for censing Swiss bats: (1) assess habitat use with bioacoustic methods using a newly developed automat ic recording unit (, (2) assess habitat use with mis t-netting captures, (3) assess roost occupancy by monitoring selected speci es in man-made roosts (attics), (4) monitor swarming and hibernati ng bats at and in winter roosts (caves), (5) evaluate occupancy estimations resulting from the above assessments with habitat suitability models. Model evaluations resulted in an optimal sampling strategy using 100 squares of 1 km2. At each site 10 locations were sampled for 15 minutes each. Sampling of a site is repeated four times, spread over two season s, by two different observers. Two independent acoustic methods are app lied: expert's appreciation of bats heard real-time, and simultane ous automated recording and later machine-analysis of echolocatio n calls. Additionally, at each square kilometre, one mist-netting night ta kes place to complement species' diversity. While the above surv eys reveal data on distribution and ultimately occupancy of some speci es, abundance for species, which are challenging to detect acoustical ly, may be concealed. For these, we consult data from roost monitoring pr ograms (e. g. Myotis spp., Rhinolophidae) for information on population changes. Time-series of catches at swarming sites (caves) and counts at hibernacula complete the assessment of the red list status of all Swiss bat species. We detail the study's design, present first results of some compl eted samplings and elaborate on the possible inclusion of the automate d acoustic sampling into the established biodiversity monitoring scheme in Switzerland. OCHOA (J. A.), BOTERO-TRUJILLO (R.) & PRENDINI (L.), 2010. On the troglomorphic scorpion Troglotayosicus humiculum (Scorpiones, Troglotayosicidae), with first description of the adults. American Museum Novitates 3691:1-19. ABS: The endemic Colombian troglomorphic scorpion, Troglotayosicus humiculum Botero-Trujillo & Francke, 2009, previously known only from the juvenile holotype, is redescrib ed based on newly collected adults of both sexes. New data on basitar sal spination, telotarsal setation, and carination of the metasoma and pedipa lps, together with the first description of the hemispermatophore and a re vised interpretation of the trichobothria, are provided, along with brief d iscussions of the ecology and distribution of the species. 075 OLIVIER (M.-J.), MARMONIER (P.), COINEAU (N.), CULVER (D. C.), DANIELOPOL (D. L.), DEHARVENG (L.) & ROSTANG (J.-C.), 2010. Janine GIBERT. A passion for groundwater ecology (August 2 9, 1945 April 14, 2009). Subterranean Biology 7(2009, December):97-109. OLSON (C.), 2010. Updates by region. Alberta. 25-years of survey data at the Cadomin Cave hibernaculum in Alb erta. Western Canadian Bat Network Newsletter 17(Autumn):4. ONAC (B. P.), RACOVI (G.) & BRAD (T.), 2010. Atlasul pe terilor din Mun ii Apuseni. Mun ii Bihor. 1. Bazinul Arie ului Mare University of South Florida Libraries, 90 p., ONAC (B. P.), RACOVI (G.) & BRAD (T.), eds. ONETO (F.), OTTONELLO (D.), PASTORINO (M. V.) & SALVIDIO (S.), 2010. Posthatching Parental Care in Salamanders Revealed by Infrared Video Surveillance Journal of Herpetology 44(4, December):649-653. DOI: ABS: Posthatching parental care is known in amphibians for frogs and caecilian s but, thus far, has never been reported for salamanders. Here, we descr ibe the parental behavior of a female Northwest Italian Cave Salaman der, Speleomantes strinatii from egg deposition to nest site abandonment. The female was kept in seminatural conditions and filmed in comple te darkness by an infrared video camera. In November 2007, the female laid nine eggs in a small depression of the terrarium floor, displaced the clutch with hind limbs, and showed antipredator behaviors toward a c onspecific female and an intruding Roof Rat ( Rattus rattus ). During egg brooding, the female remained in contact with the clutch for abou t 98% of the time. In September 2008, two young hatched and shared the ne sting site for six weeks with the female, which attended the nesting s ite for 87% of the time. Hatchlings repeatedly climbed over the female 's body, lying on her for hours. The female walked out of the nesting sit e with a young on its back twice. These prolonged skin contacts between p arent and offspring should be considered as the first certain case of y oung attendance in salamanders. This behavior may be related to increa sed survival of hatchlings during their first weeks of life, when y oung are particularly vulnerable to predation, skin infection, and dehydr ation.


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 77 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 ORGHIDAN (T.) (1917-1985), 2010. A new habitat of subsurface waters: the hyporheic biotope. Fundamental and Applied Limnology Archiv fr Hydrobiologie 176(4, April):291-302, 4 fig., translated original article DOI: ABS: Originally published in 1955 in the Buletin Stiintific sectia de Biologie si stiinte Agricole si sectia de Geologie si Geografie [Romania, Academy of Sciences], 7(3):657-676, Un nou domeniu de viata acvatica subterana "Biotopul hiporeic". Translated by Daniel KSER from the German version published in 1959 in Archiv fr Hydrobiologie 55(3):392-414, Ein neuer Lebensraum des unterirdisc hen Wassers, der hyporheische Biotop. Translator's notes are marked [TN]. ORLOV (O. L.) & ORLOVA (M. V.), 2010. Occurrence of bat ectoparasites in the Urals:240-241. In: 15th International Bat Research Conference, Prague, 22-2 7 August 2010, the conference manual: Programme, abstracts, list of participants, edited by: Ivan HOR EK and Petr BENDA, ISBN 978-80-87154-46-5, 380 p. ABS: Fauna of the ectoparasites of the chiroptera in Cen tral Russia, Volga region, Caucasus, Ural and Siberia is insufficientl y studied. Our investigationaimed to describe the species of ectop arasites of bat of the Ural region. Bats were captured in the five localit ies in 2004-2010: Dvurechensk, Ekaterinburg, and in the Divia, Smolin skaya and Arakaevskaya caves. Altogether 71 bats of six speci es ( Myotis brandtii M. dasycneme M. daubentonii Eptesicus nilssonii Vespertilio murinus Plecotus auritus ) were investigated for parasites. In total, 891 pa rasites (insects and mites) of 12 species belonging to eigh t families were found. Eight mite species were identified; Spinturnix myoti (Spinturnicidae) was collected from M. brantdii M. dasycneme and M. daubentonii Spinturnix plecotinis (Spinturnicidae) were found on P. auritus only. Spinturnix kolenatii (Spinturnicidae) was collected from E. nilssonii The following species of the family Macronyssidae were found: Macronyssus corethroproctus on M. dasycneme ; Macronyssus ellipticus M. granulosus M. charusnurensis and Steatonyssus sp. on M. brandtii ; Macronyssus flavus and M. kolenatii on Eptesicus nilssonii ; Macronyssus diversipilis and M. cyclaspis on M. daubentonii The larva of an acarian mite belonging to the family Trombiculidae was foun d on the long-eared bat. Argas vespertilionis (Argasidae) was collected from Vesperilio murinus Acantophthirius sp. (Myobiidae) was found on M. brandtii Two species of bat flies (Nycteribiidae) were collected Penicillidia monoceros was found on M. dasycneme Nycteribia kolenatii was collected from M. daubentonii Three bat fleas (Ischnopsyllidae): Ischnopsyllus hexactenus I. obscurus and Myodopsylla trisellis were recorded. I. hexactenus and I. obscurus were found on Eptesicus nilssoni but Myodopsylla trisellison M. brandtii M. dasycneme and M. daubentonii The single specimen of Cimex pipistrelli was collected from V. murinus The Ural fauna of bat ectoparasites consists of 14 species of mites, 3 of bat fleas, 2 of two bat flies and 1 species of bat bug. OROM (P.), L"PEZ (H. D.) & MANHERT (V.), 2010. Diversity and allopatric distribution in the Canari an MSS: a case study in an old island:29. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slove nia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: The terrestrial hypogean fauna in the Canary Islands had been studied mainly in the four western islands, with relevant results on its high diversity and island s peciation. Conversely, in the eastern islands this subject had been hardly ac complished because of the apparent worse conditions of their caves, eithe r very dry (Lanzarote and Fuerteventura) or very scarce (Gran Canaria). I ndeed, only 5 among the 124 adapted species so far know in the archipel ago were described from the eastern islands, three of them from Gran C anaria. Our current sampling in the MSS of Gran Canaria has shown that the absence of caves does not imply an extremely poor fauna. A spe cial type of pitfall traps has been designed for sampling the MSS contin uously for a long time, with minimal disturbance of the habitat once the system is stabilized. 12 traps distributed in 6 different loc ations have been working during the last five years with some intervals, and have shown an unexpected diversity of subterranean arthropods. Ps eudoscorpions have resulted particularly diverse in the MSS with 18 sp ecies, six of them new to science and five of them being more or less trog lomorphic. These species have an allopatric distribution within the island, probably due to geological boundaries that have favoured local spec iation. A similar but less strict allopatric distribution has been found in different species of the genera Oromia (Col., Curculionidae) and Symploce (B lat., Blattellidae). As a whole, the subterranean species from Gran Cana ria have a lesser degree of troglomorphism than their vicariants in t he younger island of Tenerife, either belonging to the same or to closel y related genera. ORTUO (V. M.) & ARRIBAS (O.), 2010. Clarification of the Status of Trechus comasi Hernando (Coleoptera: Carabidae: Trechini) from the Iberian Peninsula and Its Taxonomic Position. The Coleopterists Bulletin 64(1, March):73-74. DOI: ORTUO (V. M.), GILGADO (J. D.) & SENDRA (A.), 2010. Update of the knowledge of the Ibero-Balearic hypogean Carabidae (Insecta: Coleoptera): faunistic s, biology and distribution:157, poster presentation. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICS B 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: The Iberian Peninsula, because of its special location in south ern Europe and its abundance and diversity of karst, has a large numbe r of hypogean arthropods, among which, there is a notable presenc e of Carabidae. Often, new discoveries of exclusive subterranean taxa are added, which are listed in the very briefly discussed catalogues of the Ibero-balearic fauna. This procedure, that is correct with regard to gene ral catalogues of Carabidae, seems to be insufficient for the hypogea n species. This work updates all faunistic, biological and chorological information available on the Ibero-balearic hypogean Carabidae. Finally, acc ording to the distribution of the lineages of the most representa tive of them, a regionalization of the Iberian Peninsula in biospel eologic districts is proposed. This biogeographic proposal is compared w ith others already known, which have been elaborated with the study of other groups of Arthropoda. ORTUO (V. M.) & REBOLEIRA (A. S. P. S.), 2010. Description of the third instar larva of a hypogean ground beetle, Trechus alicantinus (Coleoptera: Carabidae: Trechinae). Entomologica Fennica 21(1):33-42. ABS: Description and illustrations are provided for the third instar larva of Trechus alicantinus Espaol, 1971 obtained from a laboratory breeding. This paper aims to contribute to increase the gener al knowledge about microendemic hypogean species of the east of the Ib erian Peninsula. Besides, it expands the existing knowledge about th e preimaginal stages of the genus Trechus and the whole tribe Trechini (Coleoptera, Carabidae). Larvae can give additional information about the life style of the species. Larvae can also express, even more tha n the imagos, some apomorphic characters, traditionally considered a r esult of adaptation to the hypogean habitat, such as the regression of ocu lar structures. The characteristic lack of stemmata is discussed. This type of event, which also appears in other Trechini larvae, is probably more related to phylogenetic lineages than with an adaptive respons e to hypogean environment. ts21_33.htm ORTUO (V. M.) & SENDRA (A.), 2010. Description of Microtyphlus (Speleotyphlus) infernalis n. sp. from Valencia (eastern Iberian Peninsula), and review of the present state of knowledge of this hypogean subgenu s (Coleoptera: Carabidae: Anillini). Revue suisse de Zoologie 117(1, Mars):169-183. ABS: A new species of cavedwelling Anillini carabid Microtyphlus (Speleotyphlus) infernalis n. sp. found in a single cave ("Cova Soterranya", in Serra Calderona's Natural Park, a protected area belonging to the Valencian A utonomous Community) is described. In this cave, the populati ons are located in the aphotic zone, being subject to rather buffered vari ations of the abiotic factors and living in a biocoenosis with opportunis tic elements and a low number of troglodytic forms, thus possessing a grea ter degree of biodiversity than the deeper zone of the cave. M. infernalis n. sp. is the most southern species of the subgenus Speleotyphlus A total of six species belong to this subgenus. Three of them ( M. (S.) comasi M. (S.) fadriquei and M. (S.) virgillii ) are poorly known; the existing descriptions provide insufficient details and are l argely inaccurate.


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 78 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 Although its slenderness makes it look like M. (S.) auroxi some features in the aedeagus of the new species show similaritie s with the most troglobiomorphic species of the tribe Anillini in t he Iberian Peninsula, Aphaenotyphlus alegrei A comparison of the main morphological characteristics of the species belonging to the Speleotyphlus subgenus reveals the need for a thorough revision of the who le group, which could be paraphyletic. KW: Coleoptera, Anillini, taxonomy new species, cave fauna, troglobiomorphism. OSLISLY (R.) & TESTA (O.), 2010. Un hte inattendu. Sciences au Sud 57(Novembre-Dcembre):12. Outback Ecology, 2010. Reed Resources Ltd, Barrambie Vanadium Project. Barrambie Borefield, Stygofauna Assessment. March 2010. Outback Ecology Services, 1 /71 Troy Terrace, Jolimont WA 6014. OUVRARD (.), 2010. Bilan 2009 des captures de chiroptres en Vende. La Lettre des Naturalistes Vendens 45(1er trimestre):188. OZIMEC (R.), 2010. Arachnid cave-dwelling fauna on Biokovo Mt., Central Dalmatia, Croatia:324. In: 18th International Congress of Arachnology, University o f Podlasie & International Society of Arachnology, Si edlce, Poland, 11-17 July 2010, Book of Abstracts, editor: Marek 9 ABKA, ISBN: 978-83-7051-575-1, 507 p. ABS: Biokovo Mt. (1762 m), with relatively small surface of 200 km2, is situated in Central Dalmatia (Croatia) and belongs to the Dinar ide Mountains. Very similar to Velebit Mt. and Orjen Mt., Biokovo was u nder continental glacial and Mediterranean influence. Due to extreme ly karstification, unique geomorphologic features, biodiversity and en demicity, Biokovo was declared as Nature Park in 1981. Biospeleologic al research in region began in the first decades of 20th century but most intensive systematic research was performed between 2002-2006 with coope ration of Biokovo Nature Park and Croatian Biospeleological Society. During that period 115 speleological objects have been researched thro ugh 192 visits. Five biogeographical zones are recognized on Biokovo Mt. with many different cave habitats. A total of 186 different t axa have been recorded that show some cave-dwelling affinities. Endemism o f cave-dwelling fauna is extremely high, even 65 taxa are endemic f or Biokovo Mt. and further 47 taxa are endemic for Dinarides. Until no w, 44 taxa new for science have been recognized. Among them, 57 cave-d welling taxa belong to Arachnids: Acari (7), Palpigradi (1), Pse udoscorpiones (23), Opiliones (4) and Araneae (22). All cavedwelling ar achnid taxa are endemic for Dinarides, 23 taxa are endemic for Biok ovo Mt. with at least 20 new for science. Most representative genus are: Rhagidia Opilioacaris Eukoenenia Chthonius (Chthonius) Chthonius (Globochthonius) Chthonius (n. subg.), Troglochthonius Protoneobisium Neobisium (Neobisium) Neobisium (Blothrus) Neobisium (Ommatoblothrus) Roncus Cyphophthalmus Folkia Stalagtia Mesostalita Barusia Sulcia Stygopholcus Centromerus Typhlonyphia Histopona It seems that Biokovo Mt. is a hot spot of arachnid cave-dwelling fauna, but also development centre for some phylletic lines of families Chthoniidae and Neobisi idae (Pseudoscorpiones), same as Dysderidae and Leptonet idae (Araneae). Further systematic research on Biokovo Mt. will con tinue on cavedwelling, but also on soil and surface arachnid fauna. OZIMEC (R.), KARAMAN (I. M.), TULI n (U.), PAVI EVI n (M.) & LUKI n -BILELA (L.), 2010. Biospeleological research of Pe ina na Vrelu Mokranjske Miljacke Cave in Bosnia and Herzegovina:139-140, po ster presentation. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August -3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961269-286-5. ABS: Pe ina na Vrelu Mokranjske Miljacke Cave with a length over 6800 meters is almost the longest cave in Bosnia and Herzegovina, measured thus far. The cave is located in the Romanija Mountain (near Mokro) on north edge of Dinarides, s ome 30 km east from capital Sarajevo. It is a hydrologically activ e complex cave, with one active channel, the main channel and lot of sma ller lateral channels. There are a few fossil channels with the largest on e, near to the entrance of the cave. Very interesting findings of archaeolo gical artifacts but also Pleistocene fauna were discovered: almost complete cranial skeleton of an adult male cave bear ( Ursus spelaeus Rosenmuller & Heinroth, 1794) and cranial skeleton of beaver ( Castor fiber Linnaeus, 1758 ). During recent research at the International speleological camp in 2009, systematical biospeleological researches have been performed, including the use of water and terrestrial traps. A rich cave -dwelling fauna have been discovered for several groups: water and terre strial snails (Gastropoda), spiders (Araneae), spring tails (Coll embola), beetles (Coleoptera), but also very interesting taxa of tri cladids (Tricladida), false spiders (Opiliones) and cicadas (Cicadomorpha), sam e as some parasitic fungi taxa. Among them, some taxa are considered to be a new species for science, most interesting new false spider genu s, closely related to genus Hadzinia (Opiliones, Nemastomatidae). In future, research wi ll proceed with further speleological but also biospel eological research combined with molecular genetic analyses. OZIMEC (R.), POLAK (S.), BEDEK (J.) & ZAKŠEK (V.), 2010. Biospeleological component of the project KUP (Karst Underground Protection) in Istra Peninsula:8 9-90. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: Nearly 70% of the Istra Peninsula, belonging to Croatia, S lovenia and Italy, is situated on limestone rocks, showing typical Karst character with underground water flow and many Karst phenomena. Mo re than 2000 caves are known in the karstic parts of Istra. Cave s are inhabited by many endemic, rare, endangered and protected animal spec ies, as: Istriana mirnae Niphargus echion Thaumatoniscellus speluncae Eupolybothrus obrovensis Verhoeffodesmus fragilipes Troglochthonius doratodactylus Leptodirus hochenwartii Croatodirus bozicevici Prospelaeobates vrezeci Pauperobythus globuliventris Proteus anguinus ssp. n. still not systematically explored and evaluated. Unfortunatel y, due to many reasons, caves and, especially water cave habitats together with their fauna are endangered. Within the project KUP, finan ced by OP IPA Slovenia-Croatia programme, lead by the Region of I stria with the Natura Histrica as Croatian and ZRC SAZU Karst Research Institute, Postojna, as Slovenian partner, adequate protection of Istria n Karst with biospeleological research and accompanied activitie s is envisaged. The goal is to evaluate the diversity and core populati ons of troglobionts; to recognize and register potentially new underground species; to define and evaluate ecological conditions of selected habitats 6 in Slovenia and 6 in Croatia; to educate local population on the importa nce of underground fauna and its protection together with their enviro nment; to educate speleologists about cave fauna in a way of popular science and to publish scientific and popular articles about cave fauna in Istra. The overall objective of the two year project, started in 2010, is protection and improvement of the caves as a phenomenon in the bor der area of Istra region between Slovenia and Croatia. The implementa tion of the project will provide cross-border cooperation of institutio ns responsible for Karst research and monitoring, as well as its improvement The greatest value of project is the establishment of a joint supervis ion of the Karst area, which extends to the territory of both countries, a nd also establishing a biospeleological data base for the Istra region. PALANDA I n (A.), ZUPAN I (P.), MATSCHINER (M.) & SNOJ (A.), 2010. Genetic evidence of subterranean migration of imotska gaovica Delminichthys adspersus (Pisces: Cyprinidae):63-64. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICS B 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: Several springs and accompanying subterranean waters of Dinaric kar st are populated by endemic small-sized leuciscinae fishes vernacularly called "gaovice". On the basis of morphological and ecological character s, they used to be classified into a single genus Phoxinellus Heckel (1843); however, according to recent molecular investigations four o f them have been reclassified into a new genus Delminichthys : D. adspersus D. ghetaldii D. jadovensis and D. krbavensis D. adspersus inhabiting Imotsko polje, occupies the most fragmented habitat and forms seve ral apparently separated populations without obvious surface conne ctions. As "gaovice" sustain long-term subterranean life, a question eme rges whether they could maintain species gene flow via subterranean m igrations. To answer this question, genetic structure of several geograp hically separated populations of D. adspersus have been studied using mitochondrial and


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 79 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 microsatellite DNA analysis. By applying several po pulation genetic programs, we determined at least three main groups of D. adspersus which turned out as genetically unified with only s light gene flow between the western and southeastern group, while t he third group appeared as completely isolated population. On the other hand, gene flow was detected among several subpopulations within ea ch group, e. g. Red Lake population and other nearby subpopulations in the western group. Taking into account spatial distribution of D. adspersus and known facts about hydrological network of Imotsko polje, the ob served genetic outcome can only be explained by subterranean commu nication between geographically separated populations of D. adspersus According to our knowledge, this is the first proven evidence of sub terranean migration of surface fishes. PAN (Y.), HOU (Z.) & LI (S. Q.), 2010. Description of a new Macrobrachium species (Crustacea: Decapoda: Caridea: Palaemonidae) from a cave in Guangxi, with a synopsis of the stygobiotic Decapoda in China. Journal of Cave and Karst Studies 72(2, August):86-93. DOI: ABS: Macrobrachium elegantum is a new species of stygobiotic shrimp discovered in Guangxi, China. The new species is ch aracterized by a transparent body and degenerated eyes and is morpho logically similar to M. lingyunense This is an addition to the list of fifteen stygob iotic shrimp previously known from throughout the karst of China PANITVONG (N.), SUMONTHA (M.), KONLEK (K.) & KUNYA (K.), 2010. Gekko lauhachindai sp. nov., a new cave-dwelling gecko (Reptilia: Gekkonidae) from cen tral Thailand. Zootaxa 2671(November 9):40-52, 7 pl., 36 rf. ABS: A new species, Gekko lauhachindai sp. nov. is described from Saraburi Province in central Thailand. It is a memb er of the mid-sized Gekko petricolus group and within this group it is probably most cl osely related to G. grossmanni Gnther, 1994, G. scientiadventura Rsler & al., 2005, G. russelltraini Ngo & al., 2009, and G. takouensis Ngo & Gamble, 2010 with which it shares a similar dorsal pattern. The new species is distinguished from its congeners by its moderate si ze (SVL at least to 98 mm) and slender body, rostral participation in the nostril border, precloacal pores 12-14, femoral pores absent, dorsa l tubercle rows 14, snout less than 1.5 times eye diameter, presence of "I" shaped rostral groove, interorbital scale rows 36-40, digit I and IV of pes with 13 and 13-15 enlarged subdigital scansors, respectively, a nd dorsal pattern of large bright spots dorsally that may be expanded to 5-6 whitish narrow cross bars intersected by a bright mid-dorsal dotte d line from nape to sacrum. The new species is one of many recently des cribed Southeast Asian geckos that appear to be restricted to limest one caves. It is the seventh species of Gekko known from Thailand and th e third Gekko occurring in sympatry in the karst forests of Chale rmphrakiat District, Saraburi Province, central Thailand. KW: Gekko lauhachindai Gekkonidae, Thailand, description, Gekko petricolus limestone. PAOLETTI (M. G.), BEGGIO (M.), DREON (A. L.), PAMIO (A.), GOMIERO (T.), BRILLI (M.), TONIELLO (V.), CONCINA (G.), DORIGO (L.), CONCHERI (G.), SQUARTINI (A.) & ENGEL (A. S.), 2010. A newly discovered cave foodweb: the Cansiliella story:105. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August -3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961269-286-5. ABS: Cansiliella is a troglobitic beetle of the Bathysciinae (now Leptodirinae), endemic in a few hydrologically active carbonate caves of the Prealps in the regions Veneto and Friu li in northeastern Italy. It has a modified feeding apparatus with hoeshaped mandibles, spoonshaped galeas, and the third article of labial palp s small and bearing short sensillae. This beetle is not attracted by conventi onal baits such as meat, cheese, carrion or excrements as the majority of Le ptodirinae. It has been mostly observed deambulating under a thin layer of percolating water on walls covered by moonmilk (a carbonate speleothem o f marzipan-like consistency). We have studied Cansiliella 's behavior and its foodweb in Bus de la Foos cave for three years. It spends most of its time underwater on moonmilk formations; self-cleaning behavior also takes a considerable amount of time and is possibly associated to feedin g. The beetle is also feeding directly underwater on the moonmilk surface Bacteria from the water, the moonmilk, the gut of the beetle, and fro m its body surface have been identified. Carbon and Nitrogen isotope analys es and other nutrient profiles suggested that the nutrition of the beetle s could be, for the most, composed of hindgut-borne heterotrophic bacteria su bsisting on dissolved organic carbon and dissolved inorganic nitrogen. Ad ditional intakes of nutrients can be related to the browsing of matter from the moonmilk surface and from the self-preening activities. PAP (V.), 2010. Collembolan communities (Hexapoda, Collembola) in karst and basalt caves of central Sl ovakia (Western Carpathians):140-141, poster presentation. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICS B 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: Distribution pattern of cave springtails within three geomorphol ogical units in central Slovakia were investigated during the period 2005-2 009: karst caves of the Muranska planina Plateau (MP) and Drien ansky Karst Region (DK), and nonkarstic basalt caves in Cerova vrchovina Hig hland (CH). The study provides the first data on Collembola of volc anic caves in the Western Carpathians. More than 50 caves were examin ed and springtails were the predominating group of cavernicolous inver tebrates. In total 88 species of Collembola were identified. The most div erse communities were detected in 31 monitored caves of the MP (64 s pecies), followed by 15 caves of the DK (45 species) and 7 caves of the CH (21 species). Seven species are common in caves in all three stud ied units. Nine obligate cave species (troglobites) occurred limite d to karst caves of MP (7 troglobites) and DK (4 troglobites). Other 13 ta xa (e. g. Mesogastrura ojcoviensis Pygmarrhopalites pygmaeus P. bifidus Oncopodura reyersdorfensis ) were closely associated with cave environment. Fo ur obligate cave species are new to science ( Pseudosinella sp. 1, sp. 2, sp. 3 and Megalothorax sp. 1), probably endemic species of the Western Carpathians. Pseudosinella sp. 1 is known only from 5 caves of central MP exhibiting obvious troglobiomorphisms (e. g. ext remely elongated claws). Megalothorax sp. 1 is known only from one cave in marginal part of MP. Pronounced morphological adaptations are mis sing in Pseudosinella sp. 2 and 3 recorded in 2 caves of DK. Two psychrop hilous species new to science were discovered in entrance parts of abysses in MP: Plutomurus sp. and Supraphorura sp. In the contrary, subterranean environment of CH supports diverse cave communities with absence of troglobites. Crevice basalt caves of this volcanic area are rather densely inhabited by troglophilous species such as Heteromurus nitidus Protaphorura armata and Pseudosinella thibaudi Moreover, Pygmarrhopalites pseudoappendices occurred in these caves representing eutroglophilous species occurring in Central Europe in: (1) mountains where it inhabits epigean habitats, and in (2) lowe r altitudes as cavedweller. Other Collembola recorded in caves under s tudy may be classified as epigean or edaphic, common in surface habitats and occasionally colonizing cave entrances. PAPI (F.), PIPAN (T.) & CULVER (D. C.), 2010. Ecological studies of an epikarst community in Alpi ne cave Snena jama na planini Arto: preliminary resul ts:30. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: The subterranean fauna in Alpine and Pre-Alpine caves h as been little studied. Therefore we investigated the epikarst fauna from c aves which are found in higher elevations in the Slovenian Alps and in t he Italian Prealps and we compared these results with findings from Sloven ian Dinaric karst. In the Alpine ice cave, Snena jama na planini Arto, i n north central Slovenia, five sampling sites were monitored for fa una and physical and chemical parameters in percolation water in a perio d of one year. Temperature, conductivity, discharge and pH in wate r were measured in monthly sampling. DOC, total hardness and concentra tion of various ions (calcium, chloride, nitrite, sulphate and phosphate ) were determined at less frequent intervals. The entrance of the cave i s covered by ice and the temperature inside the cave never exceeds 4C due t o alpine climate and high elevation. These environmental conditions are reflected in the fauna. Sampling sites chosen in the permanent ice, were wi thout fauna. Striking results were from the sampling site in the area wit h well developed moonmilk, where we would expect more diverse fauna due to the microbial communities of moonmilk. However, the fau na was impoverished. In other sampling sites invertebrates from seven different


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 80 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 taxonomic groups were found, including abundant Cop epoda and Amphipoda. PAQUIN (P.), BUCKLE (D. J.), DUPRR (N.) & DONDALE (C. D.), 2010. Checklist of the spiders (Aranea) of Canada and Alaska. Zootaxa 2461(May 14):1170, 1 pl., 977 rf. ABS: This checklist records the occurrence of 1413 species of spiders (Araneae) in 43 families in Canada and Alaska. Distributions of species are given by state, territ ory and province. Each species name is presented in its original combinati on, followed by primary synonyms, if any. The list is dominated by members of the family Linyphiidae (39.5% of total species). Highes t numbers of species are recorded for Ontario (746), British Columbia (7 00) and Qubec (677). We record 69 species that are thought to be introdu ced from elsewhere and 321 that are known in the Palaearctic. KW: Cana da, Alaska, spiders, fauna, checklist. Parc naturel rgional du Luberon, 2010. Site Natura 2000 dit "de Vachres" FR9302008 Document d'Objectifs Tome 1: Diagnostic, enjeux et objectifs de conserva tion hirarchiss Note de synthse. Parc naturel rgio nal du Luberon, Apt, 2009, 37 p. PARDESHI (M.), KUMAR (V. V.) & DAS (S. K.), 2010. Additional records of the Keeled Rock Gecko Cyrtopodion scabrum (Heyden, 1827) from Kachchh District, Gujarat, India. Reptile Rap 10(June):9-10. PARRAVICINI (V.), GUIDETTI (P.), MORRI (C.), MONTEFALCONE (M.), DONATO (M.) & BIANCHI (C. N.), 2010. Consequences of sea water temperature anomalies on a Mediterranean submarine cave ecosyst em. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 86(2, January 20):276-282. DOI: ABS: Thermal anomalies up to 4C above the climatological mean c aused dramatic mass mortalities in benthic ecosystems of the NW Mediter ranean during the summer heat waves of 1999 and 2003. Information on the sessile communities of the submarine cave of Bergeggi (Ligu rian Sea) was taken in 1986 and 2004, i. e. before and after the two th ermal events, using wire-frame photography in four sectors of the cave ecosystem with different morphologies and environmental features. Percent cover data of growth forms (as descriptors of the structural aspe cts of cave ecosystem) and feeding guilds (functional aspects) were analys ed by multivariate and univariate techniques. Differences in trophic organ isation and total biotic cover in the four sectors were significant and cons istent in the two years. Thus, food web constraints (such as water confineme nt and trophic depletion), that are mostly dependent on topography underwent no major change following the thermal events. On the contrar y, structural aspects changed across time, 3-dimensional growth forms bei ng replaced by 2dimensional ones, leading to a general homogenisati on of the cave communities. Positive thermal anomalies are thought to have selectively killed erect and massive organisms, their replaceme nt by encrusting organisms possibly representing a phase in cave rec olonisation. Submarine caves are poorly resilient ecosystems, an d understanding their capacity of recovery after major disturbances is ma ndatory for their management and conservation. KW: Submarine caves, m ass mortality, growth forms, feeding guilds, recovery, Ligurian Se a. PRVU (C.), 2010. Dr. Dumitru T. MURARIU at his 70th Anniversary. Travaux du Musum national d'Histoire naturelle "Grigore Antipa" 53(Dcembre):499-501. PRVU (C.), 2010. Comptes rendus: PETCULESCU (A.) & MURARIU (D. T.), 2009, The first ecological reconstruction of underground environment from Romania. Cioclovina Uscat Cave [Prima reconstruc ie ecologic a unui mediu subteran din Romnia Pe tera Cioclovina Uscat ]. Edit. Universitar Bucure 8 ti, 136 p., 23 maps, 50 ph., tab., graphs, PETCULESCU (A.) & MURARIU (D. T.), eds. Travaux du Musum national d'Histoire naturelle "Grigore Antipa" 53(Dcembre):515517. ABS: 14 scientists present a factual, but more than that, a symptomatic event for the years to come, i. e. the protection of the cave fauna is successfully implemented. In Sebe 8 Mountains, at 16 km far from the patriarchal little town Haeg, there is Ci oclovina Uscat cave, well-known after the discovering of a brain pan of one of the oldest modern man ( Homo sapiens ) from Europe, dated at 29000 years old. A few people know that, besides this incontestable pa laeoanthropologic value, the cave has also a major importance, that o f a proper natural roost for some bat colonies (Chiroptera), which, unfortun ately were seriously disturbed along time, because of the industrial exp loitation of guano. This cave, which had a lot to offer to bats and man (and still has!), has an interesting history, as it results from the Chapter II, signed by D. Murariu, Al. Petculescu and C. Petrea. Because the cave accu mulated one of the largest ardealite deposits (80000 tons), as a resul t of the catabolism of some huge chiropteran colonies, and which it is a v ery good fertilizer, special exploitation works have been done: forest r oad, railway, an 8 km funicular, and especially a tunnel of 142 m, drille d under the natural entrance level. Between 1912-1918 and then between 1924-1941, guano was put in bags and transported by train. The tunne l became the most injurious element to the environment, which became changeable, resembling enough with the exterior one, leading to its destruction, both for the bat colonies and nurseries, and for the cav e invertebrates, bound to the trophic source of guano. As it is written in th e pivot chapter of the book (both due to the page number and, especially, due to the rich documented information of the entire research and a ctivity of ecological reconstruction), signed by V. Gheorghiu, D. Murariu D. Borda, A. Farca 8 and O. Chachula, the humidity loss and the cave van dalizing cave by the tourists and improvised speleologists, who picnicke d in the Bivouac Hall, ceased in 2004 and 2005, when the tunnel was blocke d by a concrete diaphragm wall and a metallic door, and the natural entrance was blocked by an iron railing, with transversal bars through which the bats could pass easily. Interdisciplinary studies were develop ed by projects financed by the Romanian Academy, by the international proje ct "Cave Bear Project, Romania, 2004", speleological association Proteus from Hunedoara and "Focul Viu" ("Living Fire") from Buch arest and implemented by "Emil Racovi Institute of Speleology of Bucharest. The results of five year studies successfully mater ialized by the creation and implementation of the first project of an ecolo gical reconstruction of an underground habitat for chiropterans from our co untry. From 2004, since the anthropic tunnel was blocked, to 2008 whe n the programme finished, the number of bat increased 100 times, fr om about 10 individuals reaching 800 individuals of the genera Myotis Rhinolophus and Miniopterus The 8 chapters, edited in English, with substanti al abstracts in Romanian, are interesting, even exciti ng, for the biologists, speleologists, anthropologists, nature protectors, or for those who have this noble hobby, the amateur speleologists. The bo ok includes tens of maps, photos, tables, sketches, generously presente d in a A4 format, proper to a scientific book. The photo represents t he installations, equipments and snapshots made during the specialist working and original images of chiropterans in their natural en vironment. The article which presents the modern perspective of the brain pan of Homo sapiens not hybridized with H. neanderhtalienisis as those from the western Europe are, offer convincing information that here, in the Southern Carpathians, the species Homo sapiens sapiens stron gly developed, and spread westwards. The articles on the biometry and fossilization conditions of the thanatogenosis from Cioclovina Us cat cave, of the species Ursus spelaeus basing on almost 4000 bones, on the rock magnetism, mineralogical structure and the reconstr uction of the Palaeoclimatic profile, completed with the prersent astion of the management plan of the "Gr di 8 tea Muncelului Cioclovina" Natural Park (plan which clearly presents what must not hap pen, for preserving the biotope mosaic where the entomofauna eaten by b ats develops) show that, in fact, we are in front of an academic monog raph paper, of a site, of a history and of a social phenomenon. The book whic h we recommend to the researchers and readers with noble and elevated hobbies show the evolution of the protection idea in Romania, and we hope it will be auspicious by its scientific and factual example. PARZEFALL (J.) & TRAJANO (E.), 2010. Chapter 4. Behavioral Patterns in Subterranean Fishes:81-114. DOI: In: TRAJANO (E.), BICHUETTE (M. E.) & KAPOOR (B. G.), Biology of Subterranean Fishes. Edited by TRAJANO (E.), BICHUETTE (M. E.) & KAPOOR (B. G.). ISBN: 978-1-57808-670-2. eBook ISBN: 978-1-4398-4048-1. Science Publishers 2010. 460 p. 6702-c4


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 81 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 PAŠI n (L.), KOV E (B.), SKET (B.), HERZOGVELIKONJA (B.), PORCA (E.), JURADO (V.) & SAIZ-JIMENEZ (C.), 2010. Diversity of microbial communities colonizing the walls of a karstic cave in Slovenia:106. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August -3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961269-286-5. ABS: Some karstic cave systems host microbial communities that consist of distinct, small, white, pink, yellow and gray colonies. Visible to the naked eye, these colonies cover cave walls and are strewn with light-reflecting water droplets. Re cently, we have assessed the total diversity of prokaryotes in thes e multicolored colonizations by establishing small subunit rRNA di versity in samples from Pajsarjeva jama, Slovenia. Furthermore, we hav e determined the major components of microbial communities constitut ing yellow and gray cave colonizations by studying environmental sample s obtained in caves in Slovenia, Spain and Czech Republic in a comparat ive manner. These communities studied were diverse, with members of e ight bacterial phyla detected in samples, while members of Archaea were not recovered. The abundant phylotypes belonged to Proteobacteria Actinobacteria and Nitrospira The high number of clones most closely related to environmental 16S rRNA gene clones showed the broad spectrum of unknown and yet to be cultivated microorganisms inh abiting these cave systems. PATI (A. K.) & PARGANIHA (A.), 2010. Chapter 12. Subterranean Fishes of India:415-440. DOI: In: TRAJANO (E.), BICHUETTE (M. E.) & KAPOOR (B. G.), Biology of Subterranean Fishes. Edited by TRAJANO (E.), BICHUETTE (M. E.) & KAPOOR (B. G.). ISBN: 978-1-57808-670-2. eBook ISBN: 978-1-4398-4048-1. Science Publishers 2010. 460 p. 6702-c12 PAUGY (D.), 2010. Un inventaire inachev: historique de l'ichtyologie africaine. Cybium 34(1):131-134. PAVI n EVI n (D.) & OZIMEC (R.), 2010. First finding of the troglobitic genus Seracamaurops (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae, Pselaphinae) for Croatia:157, poster presentation. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August -3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961269-286-5. ABS: During recent biospeleological research of Snijenica Mt. (1234 m) in Konavle region near Dubr ovnik, most south part of Croatia, performed by members of Croatian b iospeleological Society (CBSS), new taxa of the genus Seracamaurops (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae, Pselaphinae) have been found. The ne w species was found in two caves, regularly in deep and cold cave habit at, under stones. The genus Seracamaurops is widespread in the southeastern part of the Dinaric region, till the reported finding known onl y for Bosnia and Herzegovina and for Montenegro. The genus Seracamaurops is divided into the subgenera Seracamaurops s.str. and Cordiamaurops Including the new species, it counts altogether 13 species. PECELJ (Milovan), MANDI n (D.), PECELJ (J.), PECELJ (Milica), STAMENKOVI n (S.) & DJORDJEVI n (D.), 2010. Eco-climatic Conditions and Biodiversity of Orlovaca Cave:40-45. In: Proceedings of the 9th WSEAS International Conference on Telecommunications and Informatics, (TELE-INFO '10) Catania, Italy, May 29-31, 2010. ISSN: 1790-5117. ISBN: 978-954-92600-2-1. ABS: Within specific ecological condition of Orlova a cave existed living world failing rich and large in number. They are adapted on absentia light as well as the other characteristic ecology parameter. On an occasion of researching and organi zing Orlova a cave, several representative organisms were discovered. T hey have been convalescent at the Faculty of Biology in Belgrade. Climate parameters like air temperature and air humidity have been mea sured in some parts of the cave system which has provided a better unde rstanding of microclimatic characteristics of the Orlova a cave as a habitat of troglobites as a specific cave fauna. In addition, Orlova a cave is a paleontological locality of the cave bear. In this research we created web oriented data base for presenting results and teach ing students. KW: Orlova a cave, software, data base, cave ecosystems, cave biodiversity, cave microclimate, troglobionts. PEDLEY (H. M.) & ROGERSON (M.), 2010. Tufas and Speleothems: Unravelling the Microbial and Physical Controls Edited by PEDLEY (H. M.) & ROGERSON (M.), University of Hull, UK. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 336. DOI: Voir: PEDLEY (H. M.) & ROGERSON (M.), About this title: Tufas and Speleothems: Unravelling the Microbial and Physical Controls :np.; PEDLEY (H. M.) & ROGERSON (M.), Introduction to tufas and speleothem s:1-5; JONES (B.), Microbes in caves: agents of calcite corrosio n and precipitation:730. PEDLEY (H. M.) & ROGERSON (M.), 2010. About this title: Tufas and Speleothems: Unravelling the Microbial and Physical Controls :np. In: PEDLEY (H. M.) & ROGERSON (M.), Tufas and Speleothems: Unravelling the Microbial and Physical Controls Edited by PEDLEY (H. M.) & ROGERSON (M.), University of Hull, UK. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 336. DOI: PEDLEY (H. M.) & ROGERSON (M.), 2010. Introduction to tufas and speleothems:1-5. DOI: In: PEDLEY (H. M.) & ROGERSON (M.), Tufas and Speleothems: Unravelling the Microbial and Physical Controls Edited by PEDLEY (H. M.) & ROGERSON (M.), University of Hull, UK. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 336. PNICAUD (P.), 2010. Connatre et protger les Chauvessouris en Bourgogne. Plaquette, 5 p. &id=4&Itemid=3 4 PENTECOST (A.), 2010. The distribution of plants in Scoska cave and controlling factors:67. In: British Cave Research Association, Abstracts from the BCRA Summe r Cave Biology Field Meeting, 8 September 2010, Arncl iffe Village Hall and Scoska Cave, Littondale, Yorkshire UK. Cave and Karst Science 37(2, this issue has a cover date of August 2010 and was published in December 2010). ABS: The flora of Scoska cave was investigated. A total of 59 species was recorded (4 algae, 3 lichens, 47 bryophytes, 4 fern s and 1 angiosperm) making it bryologically the richest cave in Britain and one of the richest in Europe. All but nine of the species had been rec orded from other European caves. Species-richness declined irregular ly from the entrance (relative irradiance (RI) with respect to open sky 12%) to 34m depth (RI 0.004%). Bryophytes were found at 0 16 m depth, w here RI declined to 0.2%. Only algae were encountered at 34 m depth. Wh ereas irradiance, which declined exponentially, was the major factor controlling plant distribution, substratum characteristics and surfac e moisture were also important. PREZ (T.) & FELGUERA (B.), 2010. El karst de Gobantes-Meliones (I Testing Subterrneo). BV news 2:69. RES: Se presentan los primeros resultados del I Tes ting Subterrneo, proponiendo algunas ideas para la conservacin y la gestin de la Cueva de Yeso III en Antequera (Mlaga). PREZ (T.) & L"PEZ-COL"N (J. I.), 2010. Misolampus subglaber Rosenhauer, 1856 (Coleoptera, Tenebrionidae) capturado en una cueva de Jan (Andaluca). Arquivos Entomolxicos 4(31 de Diciembre):39-41. RES: Se notifica la captura de Misolampus subglaber Rosenhauer, 1856 en una cueva de la Sierra del Pozo, en la provincia andaluza de Jan. 4_2010.htm PREZ (T.) & L"PEZ-COL"N (J. I.), 2010. Thorectes (Thorectes) lusitanicus (Jekel, 1866) (Coleoptera,


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 82 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 Geotrupidae) capturado en la Cueva Secreta del Sagr eo (La Iruela, Jan, Andaluca). Arquivos Entomolximos 4(31 de Diciembre):75-79. RES: Se notifica la captura de Thorectes (Thorectes) lusitanicus (Jekel, 1866) en una cueva de La Iruela, en la provincia de Jan (Andaluca). 4_2010.htm PREZ (T.) & ZARAGOZA (J. A.), 2010. Sobre Chthonius (Ephippiochthonius) cazorlensis Carabajal Mrquez, Garca Carrillo & Rodrguez Fernndez, 2001, stat. nov. (Arachnida: Pseudoscorpiones: Chthoniidae), endemis mo de la Cueva Secreta del Sagreo, La Iruela, Jan, Es paa. Monografas Bioespeleolgicas 5:17-22. RES: Se cita y se describe por primera vez la hembra de Chthonius (Ephippiochthonius) vemtalloi cazorlensis de la localidad tipo, Cueva Secreta del Sagreo. Se discuten las diferencias entre las subespecies de C. (E.) ventalloi y se propone la elevacin a categora de especie de Chthonius (Ephippiochthonius) cazorlensis stat. nov. PERREAU (M.), 2010. What does palaeontology reveal on the radiation of Leiodidae, Cholevinae and their colonisation of the subterranean biotopes?:158. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICS B 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: The chronology of the radiation of zoological groups can be inferr ed at least by three main methods: paleogeography, molecular genetics linked to a molecular clock hypothesis and palaeontology. For Leiodidae Cholevi nae, and especially their subterranean adapted phyla, palaeogeography h as been emphasised by Jeannel in several renown, but ancient contribut ions, and later by Giachino & al. (1993). Molecular genetics have been approached recently for Pyrenean Leptodirini species (Ribera & al., 201 0), leading to evidences of monophyly, a reconstruction of the phy logeny, and an estimation of the chronology of radiations since th e Eocene. The purpose of our presentation is to give an overview on recen t investigations in the newly explored third way: palaeontology. Specimens of Cholevinae from several amber deposits of various ages are presente d (Oligocene: Dominican Republic; Eocene: Baltic; Cretaceous: Mya nmar...). The morphological investigations are enlightened using propagation phase contrast Xray microtomography which allows a non in vasive virtual dissection of specimen and a full comparison of ext ernal and internal structures (when preserved) with the extant fauna. The wide range of geological periods scanned, from lower Cretaceous t o Oligocene, allows an investigation of the morphological changes compa red with the extant fauna. These preliminary results will be confronted to the other approaches, emphasising the special instance of the Pyrenean subterranean fauna, which is so far the best known from other methods. PERREAU (M.) & FAILLE (A.), 2010. Advances in the knowledge of subterranean Staphylinidae of Morocco: the genus Apteranillus Fairmaire (Staphylinidae, Aleocharinae, Lomechusini):141-142, poster presenta tion. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: The genus Apteranillus Fairmaire was introduced for an endogean species collected in the region of Tanger (Morocco): Apteranillus dohrni Fairmaire, 1854. Several species were subsequently described from North Africa, all endogean or cavernicolous, except one m yrmecophilous. The genus Antrosemnotes was described by Scheerpeltz in 1935 for the troglobitic species rotroui later downgraded to a subgenus of Apteranillus then synonymized with it. Jeannel (1960) separate d seven species living in Algeria and Tunisia in the genus Apteranopsis Later, Apteranopsis increased of six endogean and cavernicolous species from Canary islands which were subsequently transferred to Athethini and Apteranopsis was downgraded to a subgenus of Drusilla Finally, before the present work, the genus Apteranillus contained eight species, five endogean ones : dohrni Faimaire, 1854; pueli Peyerimhoff, 1907; tressensi Peyerimhoff, 1949; championi Bernauer, 1936; peyerimhoffi Fagel, 1954, and three troglobitic ones: rotroui Scheerpeltz, 1935; ruei Espanol, 1969; minosianus Lecoq & Queinnec, 2005. One new species: Apteranillus bichaini in litt. has been discovered in Morocco during the Win-Timdouine 2008 speleological and biospeological expedition. WinTimdouine is the longest subterranean river known i n Africa It is located under the Tasroukht Plateau, in the most oriental p art of the Atlas chain, 60 kilometers north-east of Agadir. Its subterranea n course is seven kilometers long (13 km including affluents and rami fications). From this cave was already known the cave adapted Paederinae Domene cantonsi Espanol. During this expedition, other speleologica l objects were explored in the vicinity of the Taskroukht Plateau. In the cave Imi Ougoug (=Ifri Ouadou 1=grotte du vent) in Aksri, in the Aksri-Ankhout hydrogeological basin, 7 specimens of A. bichaini in. litt. have been discovered. On this occasion, we redescribe the spe cies of this genus and discuss their phylogenetic relationships. PERRY (R. W.), CARTER (S. A.) & THILL (R. E.), 2010 Temporal Patterns in Capture Rate and Sex Ratio of Forest Bats in Arkansas. The American Midland Naturalist 164(2, October):270-282. ABS: We quantified changes in capture rates and sex ratios from May to Sept. for eight species of b ats, derived from 8 y of extensive mist netting in forests of the Ouachita M ountains, Arkansas. Our primary goal was to determine patterns of relat ive abundance for each species of bat captured over forest streams an d to determine if these patterns were similar to patterns of abundance foun d in other types of studies, including studies of bat mortality at wind turbines. We also wanted to discern regional patterns in sex ratios t hat have implications for seasonal distributions and migration. Capture rates for eastern red bats ( Lasiurus borealis ) were up to 25 times greater in Aug. and Sept. tha n in spring or early summer. Although not significant (P = 0.063), capture rates of hoary bats ( L. cinereus ) peaked in both late spring and late summer. Silver-haired bats ( Lasionycteris noctivagans ) were abundant in late spring and late summer but were absent during mid summer, suggesting they migrated from the area. Sex ratios of red bats were predominately male in late spring and late summer b ut were dominated by females in mid summer, possibly because of incre ased activity of lactating females during mid summer. Female Seminol e bats ( L. seminolus ) were only captured after Aug. 1, suggesting a sea sonal geographic separation of sexes. Our results suggest that patterns of bat abundance derived from mist netting over forest str eams may be similar to patterns of bat fatalities at wind turbines, com munication towers, aircraft strikes, roads and patterns derived from t rapping at cave entrances for many species, but it is unclear why this patter n appears ubiquitous. istoryKey= &queryHash=b2f47304a5945646b93b77f5b3dcc2da PFEIFFER (B.), SCHWARZENBERGER (F.) & MAYER (F.), 2010. Mating system, swarming behavior and testosterone levels in a hibernating bat ( Myotis myotis ) from the temperate zone:246. In: 15th International Bat Research Conference, Prague, 22-27 August 2010, the conference manual: Programme, abstracts, list of participants, edited by: Ivan HOR EK and Petr BENDA, ISBN 978-80-87154-46-5, 380 p. ABS: Reproduction in hibernating bats from the temperate zones bears unique features in several aspects. In many species female s copulate with more than one male and store inseminated sperm in their genital tract over the hibernal period. Ovulation and fertilization occurs in spring. Some species display distinctive swarming behavior at ca ves in late summer to fall. These swarming sites may serve as rendezvous points where sexes meet for reproduction. In order to investigate the male reproductive cycle and mating activity, we mist-netted bats during the ir active season at a cave over three consecutive years. We inferred the male reproductive condition of the greater mouse-eared bat ( Myotis myotis ) from measuring testes sizes and enlargements of caudae epididymes. We additionally analyzed circulating testosterone levels from blood samples. Although spermatogenesis had already ceased at the peak of s warming activity, testosterone levels increased to high levels. We ar gue that these hormone concentrations are induced by intense sexual compet ition among males and through female choice. They also provide furthe r evidence that swarming behavior has a reproductive function. PHELPS (K. L.), OLIVAL (K. J.) & KINGSTON (T.), 2010. Influence of anthropogenic disturbance on caveroosting bats and the potential emergence of associ ated zoonotic diseases. Poster 103:74. In: 15th International Bat Research Conference, Prague, 22-27 August 2010, the


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 83 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 conference manual: Programme, abstracts, list of participants, edited by: Ivan HOR EK and Petr BENDA, ISBN 978-80-87154-46-5, 380 p. PHELPS (K. L.), OLIVAL (K. J.) & KINGSTON (T.), 2010. Influence of anthropogenic disturbance on caveroosting bats and the potential emergence of associ ated zoonotic diseases:246-247. In: 15th International Bat Research Conference, Prague, 22-27 August 2010, the conference manual: Programme, abstracts, list of participants, edited by: Ivan HOR EK and Petr BENDA, ISBN 978-80-87154-46-5, 380 p. ABS: Bats (Order Chiroptera) have long been recognized as natural re servoir hosts for viruses, but more recently, bats have been implicat ed as hosts for numerous emerging infectious diseases (EIDs) that h ave impacted other wildlife species, domestic livestock, and human pop ulations. Bats exhibit life history characteristics that make them ideal r eservoir hosts, particularly high species diversity, ability to tra vel long distances via powered flight, long life spans, and the formation of dense roosting aggregations. Within tropical caves, high colony de nsities coupled with high diversity of cave-roosting bat species, presen t ideal conditions for virus transmission between individuals and among sp ecies. In peninsular Malaysia, numerous bat species are dependent upon s olution caves formed within limestone outcrop formations, known a s karsts, which provide stable microclimates suitable for roosting and rearing young, as well as, shelter from climatic events and predators Threats to karst formations, particularly commercial quarrying and l ogging operations, result in the direct loss of roosting and foraging sites. Such threats have detrimental effects on the viability of cave-roosti ng bat populations, and present a potential source of stress that may lead to a spillover event. Therefore, documenting ecological characteristics a nd infection rates of cave-roosting bat species across a landscape experi encing anthropogenic modification is crucial to understanding the relati onship between human activities and the emergence of zoonotic diseases. Previous initiatives have acted retroactively, attempting to control or eradicate host populations after a spillover event has occurred. M y objective is to document the host-virus relationship, specifically virus and bat diversity, across a spectrum of landscape modification in orde r to facilitate in a proactive approach to preventing potential spillove r events. PIERCE (B. A.), CHRISTIANSEN (J. L.), RITZER (A. L.) & JONES (T. A.), 2010. Ecology of Georgetown Salamanders ( Eurycea naufragia ) Within the Flow of a Spring. The Southwestern Naturalist 55(2, June):291-297. DOI: ABS: The Georgetown salamander, Eurycea naufragia is a permanently neotenic salamander known only from about a dozen surface sp rings and caves in Williamson County, Texas. Rapid urbanization places all known populations at risk and conservation strategies are hindered by a lack of information on the ecology of the species. To bette r understand requirements of microhabitat and spatial distributi on of E. naufragia within flows of surface springs, we conducted count s of salamanders on the surface at one locality over a 12-month period. Numbers of salamanders and percentage of cover objects occupie d by salamanders varied among months, with a general trend of higher abundance in spring and summer. Few juveniles were observed, and there was no strong seasonal trend in distribution of size of salamande rs. Within the flow of the spring, abundance of salamanders decreased line arly with distance from origin of the spring. Salamanders were more li kely to be under rocks than under other types of cover objects and t hey selected larger rocks. Larger salamanders occupied larger cover obj ects; rocks covering multiple salamanders were larger than those coverin g single salamanders. RES: La salamandra Eurycea naufragia es una salamandra permanentemente neotnica conocida solamente de una docena de manantiales superficiales y cuevas en el condado de Williamson de Texas. La rpida urbanizacin que ocurre en las re as donde habita la especie pone a todas las poblaciones conocidas en r iesgo, pero las estrategias de conservacin son impedidas por falta de informacin bsica sobre su ecologa. Para entender mejor las necesida des del microhbitat y la distribucin espacial de E. naufragia dentro de los flujos de los manantiales superficiales, contamos el nmero de sa lamandras en la superficie de una localidad por un perodo de doce meses. La cantidad de salamandras y el porcentaje de objetos de cubierta utilizados por las salamandras variaron de mes en mes, con una tendenc ia general de ms abundancia durante los meses de la primavera y del verano. Observamos muy pocos juveniles, y no hubo ninguna fuerte tende ncia estacional en las distribuciones del tamao de las salamandras. Dentr o del flujo del manantial, la abundancia de las salamandras disminu y linealmente con la distancia del nacimiento del manantial. Fue ms probable encontrar salamandras debajo de piedras que debajo de otros t ipos de objetos de cubierta y las salamandras eligieron piedras ms gr andes. Las salamandras ms grandes ocuparon objetos de cubiert a ms grandes; las piedras cubriendo mltiples salamandras fueron ms grandes que las que cubrieron salamandras individuales. PIERRE (J.-F.), 2010. Les femmes du XXe sicle et l'Acadmie des Sciences. 13 p. BL: Cf TTRY Andre. PIKSA (K.), BOJAR (A.) & NIEDO PIA (K.), 2010. Prevalence of Spinturnicidae, Ixodidae and Argasida e in bats during spring and fall swarming in Southern Poland:249. In: 15th International Bat Research Conference, Prague, 22-27 August 2010, the conferen ce manual: Programme, abstracts, list of participants, edited by: Ivan HOR EK and Petr BENDA, ISBN 978-8087154-46-5, 380 p. ABS: The aim of the study was to determine the parameters for parasitisation by Ixodidae, Argasida e and Spinturnicidae in bats during the autumn and spring swarming. The research was conducted in 2008-2009 at the cave opening of the Z bjeckie Cave in opie F (Beskid Wyspowy Mountain, Southern Poland). From 1 6 bat species the following parasites were collected: Carios vespertilionis Ixodes vespertilionis I. ricinus Spinturnix myoti S. bechsteinii S. emarginatus S. kolenatii S. andegavinus S. plecotinus and S. punctata In the case of the Spinturnicidae there were no dif ferences confirmed in the parasitic invasion indicators for bats in the a utumn and spring swarms. During the spring, a clear increase in the Ixodes vespertilionis parasitic infestation value was observed. PIKSA (K.) & NOWAK (J.), 2010. Distribution pattern of hibernating bats in caves along Carpathians elevati on gradient (Poland). Poster 58:71. In: 15th International Bat Research Conference, Prague, 22-27 August 2010, the conference manual: Programme, abstracts, list of participants, edited by: Ivan HOR EK and Petr BENDA, ISBN 978-80-87154-46-5, 380 p. PIKSA (K.) & NOWAK (J.), 2010. Distribution pattern of hibernating bats in caves along Carpathians elevati on gradient (Poland):248-249. In: 15th International Bat Research Conference, Prague, 22-27 August 2010, the conference manual: Programme, abstracts, list of participants, edited by: Ivan HOR EK and Petr BENDA, ISBN 978-80-87154-46-5, 380 p. ABS: The aim of the project was to determine the changes in the str ucture of bats assemblages wintering in caves at a variety of alti tudes. The research was conducted in the Polish Carpathians in over 70 cave s situated between 300 and 1930 m above sea level. Field surveys were carried out during consecutive hibernation periods between seasons 200 3 and 2009. Around 14000 hibernating bats from 14 species were recorde d. The most numerous species were Rhinolophus hipposideros and Myotis mystacinus complex. Relatively large numbers of greater mouseeared bats Myotis myotis and northern bats Eptesicus nilssonii were recorded. The remaining species were observed in small numbers. A longside the increase in altitude, there were clear changes in: species diversity, vertical spectrums, the structures of bats assemblages, the similarity between dominant structures, and so on. The variation in co enotic parameters for the assemblages of wintering bats allowed us to dis tinguish four levels in the hypsometric gradient. The fundamental causative factor in the similarity of dominant structures within a level an d their distinction between levels is the thermal regime of the hiberna cula. The differences in thermal conditions within the hibernacula are ca used by the structure's height above sea level, the area's geological makeup, and the chimney effect. PINDER (A. M.), HALSE (S. A.), SHIEL (R. J.) & McRAE (J. M.), 2010. An arid zone awash with diversity: patterns in the distribution of aquatic invertebrat es in the Pilbara region of Western Australia:205-246. In: GEORGE (A. S.), McKENZIE (N. L.) & DOUGHTY (P.), A Biodiversity Survey of the Pilbara Region of West ern


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 84 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 Australia, 2002-2007. Edited by GEORGE (A. S.), McKENZIE (N. L.) & DOUGHTY (P.), Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 78. PIPAN (T.), CULVER (D. C.) & SIMON (K. S.), 2010. Organic carbon in aquatic shallow subterranean habitats:30-31. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August -3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961269-286-5. ABS: Organic carbon is likely to be an important li miting factor in shallow subterranean habitats (SSHs). Dat a on dissolved organic carbon (DOC) for interstitial, epikarst, and hypote lminorheic habitats are reviewed. The best studied of these is the epikarst In Organ Cave, West Virginia (U. S. A.), DOC in epikarst drips averaged 1.10 + 0.15 mg C/L over the course of the year. In Postojna Planina Ca ve System, Slovenia, DOC in epikarst drips averaged 0.70 + 0.04 mg C/L o ver the course of the year. While this is at least five times lower i n concentration than water entering the caves through sinking streams, i t plays a vital role because it is more ubiquitous in the caves and form s the basis for the biofilm. Specific UV absorbance (SUVA) at 254 nm, a n estimate of aromatic C content and an indicator of dissolved or ganic matter composition, was significantly lower in drips than in sinking streams and cave streams. In studies of the Rhne and its tribu taries, Marmonier et al. report DOC values averaging between 1.9 and 3.5 mg C/L. Lower values were reported for smaller streams, increased depth, and increased lateral distance from the river. For the first time, we rep ort on values for hypotelminorheic habitats, which average 3 mg C/L. PIPAN (T.), HOLT (N.) & CULVER (D. C.), 2010. How to protect a diverse, poorly known, inaccessible fauna : identification and protection of source and sink ha bitats in the epikarst. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 20(7, November/December):748755. DOI: ABS: 1. Aquatic subterranean species are often geographical ly and numerically scarce. Many of these species are denizens of epika rst, the uppermost zone of karst with semi-isolated solutional opening s and channels, and are only known from drip pools in caves where they accumulate as a result of animals dripping out of the epikarst. 2. The question of whether these pool communities adequately reflected the epi karst community was addressed by directly collecting animals from drips in a continuous collecting device. 3. The study area was six caves in Slovenia, where a total of 35 drips and associated pools were sampled for copepods for a period of approximately one year. A total of 37 cop epod species were found, 25 of them stygobionts and 16 epikarst speci alists. 4. Overall, the frequency of stygobionts was 1.5 times higher in dr ips compared with pools and the frequency of epikarst specialists was three times higher in drips compared with pools, and the frequency of imm ature individuals was higher in drips compared with pools, with the e xception of one artificially enlarged pool in Škocjanske jame. The cause of this difference is probably increased juvenile mortality in pools a nd reduced reproduction, indicating that pools are not source populations. 5. The results of this research suggest that epikarst per se, not just the sampling sites (including pools) in caves, needs to be the f ocus of conservation planning. KW: Cave fauna, Copepoda, epikarst, rare species, stygobionts. PLATH (M.), HERMANN (B.), SCHRDER (C.), RIESCH (R.), TOBLER (M.), GARCA DE LE"N (F. J.), SCHLUPP (I.) & TIEDEMANN (R.), 2010. Locally adapted fish populations maintain small-scale genet ic differentiation despite perturbation by a catastrop hic flood event. BMC Evolutionary Biology 10:256. DOI: ABS: Background: Local adaptation to divergent environme ntal conditions can promote population genetic differentiation even in the absence of geographic barriers and hence, lead to speciation. Perturbations by catastrophic events, however, can distort such para patric ecological speciation processes. Here, we asked whether an exc eptionally strong flood led to homogenization of gene pools among loc ally adapted populations of the Atlantic molly ( Poecilia mexicana Poeciliidae) in the Cueva del Azufre system in southern Mexico, where t wo strong environmental selection factors (darkness within ca ves and/or presence of toxic H2S in sulfidic springs) drive the diversification of P. mexicana Nine nuclear microsatellites as well as heritable f emale life history traits (both as a proxy for quantitative genetics and for trait divergence) were used as markers to compare genetic differentiation, genetic diversity, and especially population mixing (immigration and emigr ation) before and after the flood. Results: Habitat type (i. e., nonsulfidic surface, sulfidic surface, or sulfidic cave), but not geographic dist ance was the major predictor of genetic differentiation. Before and af ter the flood, each habitat type harbored a genetically distinct popula tion. Only a weak signal of individual dislocation among ecologically divergent habitat types was uncovered (with the exception of slightly increased dislocation from the Cueva del Azufre into the sulfidic creek, El Azufre). By contrast, several lines of evidence are indicative of increased floodinduced dislocation within the same habitat type, e g., between different cave chambers of the Cueva del Azufre. Conclusions: The virtual absence of individual dislocation among ecologically differ ent habitat types indicates strong natural selection against migrants Thus, our current study exemplifies that ecological speciation in thi s and other systems, in which extreme environmental factors drive speciatio n, may be little affected by temporary perturbations, as adaptations to physico-chemical stressors may directly affect the survival probabil ity in divergent habitat types. PLATH (M.) & TOBLER (M.), 2010. Chapter 8. Subterranean Fishes of Mexico ( Poecilia mexicana Poeciliidae):281-330. DOI: In: TRAJANO (E.), BICHUETTE (M. E.) & KAPOOR (B. G.), Biology of Subterranean Fishes. Edited by TRAJANO (E.), BICHUETTE (M. E.) & KAPOOR (B. G.). ISBN: 978-1-57808-670-2. eBook ISBN: 978-1-4398-4048-1. Science Publishers 2010. 460 p. POHL (G. R.), ANWEILER (G. G.), SCHMIDT (B. C.) & KONDLA (N. G.), 2010. An annotated list of the Lepidoptera of Alberta, Canada. ZooKeys 38(March 5):1549. DOI: POLAK (S.) & TRONTELJ (P.), 2010. Suprageneric systematics of leptodirine beetles (Leiodidae, Chol evinae): molecular versus morphological characters:158-159. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICS B 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: Past attempts to understand the evolution and establish a phylogenet ic system of the Leptodirini (Leiodidae, Cholevinae) were based on m orphological characters. None of these attempts could satisfacto rily explain the resulting morphological and biogeographical pattern s. Most authors concluded that modern molecular approaches are the only possible and legible way to solve the enigmatic Leptodirine phyl ogeny in the future. In the last years, we conducted a molecular phylogenet ic study of 54 different genera of Leptodirini. We sequenced about 3.3 kbp from two mitochondrial (COI and 16S) and three nuclear gene segments (two pieces of 28S rDNA, Histone H3), and analyzed them using standard phylogenetic procedures. External and internal morp hological characters used so far in the higher suprageneric classificati ons of leptodirines were cladisticly analyzed in combination with molecular data. Phylogenetic trees from different loci recovered a monophyletic origin of the studied leptodirines. Our results and those recently obtain ed by other authors suggest that most subterranean Leptodirini are geog raphically grouped. The most important and consistent result of the mol ecular phylogenetic reconstruction was the resolution of major lineages differing significantly from those recognized at present based on morpholog ical characters only. The traditional suprageneric subdivision of leptodi rines into Antroherponini (Antroherpona) and Bathysciini (Bath ysciae) as well as subtribes Anthroherponina, Spelaeobatina, Bathyscii na, Bathysciotina, Leptodirina and Pholeuonina are polyphyletic groups and have to be redefined or rejected. Since not all of the genera or genera-groups were molecularly tested, a more precise new systematics of the Leptodirini is not yet possible. POOLE (G. C.), 2010. Stream hydrogeomorphology as a physical science basis for advances in stream ecolo gy.


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 85 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 Journal of the North American Benthological Society 29(1):12-25. DOI: POPA (I.), 2010. First records and rare species of Collembola in the Roumanian Fauna The Piatra Craiului Massif (The Carpathians). Travaux de l'Institut de Spologie "mile Racovitza" 49:87-96. ABS: The author presents new data about the collembolan species collected from the Piatra Craiu lui Massif. Sixty-five species were identified from the material sampled f rom soil and mesovoid shallow substratum (M. S. S.) Three species ( Arrhopalites ornatus Stach, 1945, Microgastrura duodecimoculata Stach, 1922 and Xenylla mucronata Axelson, 1903) are for the first time recorded in the Romanian fauna. KW: Mesovoid Shallow Substratum, Collembola, Piatra Craiului Massif, Romania, first records. POPA (I.), 2010. First record of Orchesella pannonica Stach, 1960 (Hexapoda, Collembola) in Romania. Travaux de l'Institut de Spologie "mile Racovitza" 49:185-187. BL: Cf p. 185: Collembolans represent a major component of terrestrial ecosystems (and particularly significant members of the soil communities)... They may be found in moss, under st ones, in caves, in ant nests and termite nests but also on the surfaces of lakes and ponds or under snow fields. PORCA (E.), JURADO (V.), NOVKOV (A.) & SIZJIMNEZ (C.), 2010. Origin and development of a fungal outbreak in Castaar de Ibor Cave, Spain:106 -107, poster presentation. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August -3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961269-286-5. ABS: Caves are extremely prone to deterioration fro m human-induced energy perturbations. It has been dem onstrated that uncontrolled or mass visits is one of the factors m ost detrimental in the conservation of cave art. The mere presence of a gr oup of visitors for some minutes before a panel of rock paintings can c ause temperature and humidity in the cave to vary more than during the w hole annual cycle under natural conditions. These disturbances, toget her with those derived from organic matter generated by the visitors, plus that coming in from outside, lead to a progressive alteration of the mi croenvironment and of the cave ecology. A little-studied aspect is the im pact of organic matter on the ecosystem of a cave. Recently we have had th e opportunity to study the effects of an accidental release of organ ic matter in the Cave of Castanar de Ibor, the activation of the microorgani sms present, and the production of a fungal outbreak, similar to that or iginated nine years ago in the Lascaux Cave, and to suggest the means of ta ckling and controlling this invasion. The closure of the cave, together wi th environment-friendly measures, including the use of products that (unlik e commercial biocides) did not leave residues in the cave, has minimized t he fungal outbreak. The studies made in the cave throughout one year of closure, and the struggle against the fungal colonization, are descr ibed. PORTER (M. L.) & CULVER (D. C.), 2010. Tethyan distribution of stygobionts: fact or fiction:47. In : 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICS B 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: The Tethyan Seaway was a circumtropical sea that closed with th e closing of the Mediterran about 15 million years ago and is common ly invoked as an explanation for the distribution of stygobionts. In order to test this hypothesis, we examined the distribution of 72 styg obiotic genera of Crustacea, exclusive of Isopoda and Amphipoda. Usin g PaleomapTM for ArcGISTM, we plotted distributions by tectonic plat e. We divided the resulting distributions into three categories: (1) Single region distributions which are consistent with but not necessarily evide nce for a role for the Tethyan Seaway; (2) Tethyan Seaway distributions, c onsisting of a least two regions; and (3) distributions not consistent w ith the Tethyan Seaway. A total of 29 genera were in the first cate gory and 41 were in the third. Surprisingly, only three genera were in the second category. Of the 29 distributions from a single Tethyan region, 9 we re Mediterranean, 16 were Caribbean, three were Australian, and one was Indian. There were a variety of 41 non-Tethyan distributions, including Pacific Islands. There may be several explanations for the apparent lack o f importance of the Tethyan Seaway. It may have closed before many spec ies colonized subterranean habitats, or dispersal may be importan t. Our study suggests that a new paradigm for the historical biogeography of subterranean organisms is in order. PORTER (M. L.), CULVER (D. C.) & PIPAN (T.), 2010. Molecular diversity of epikarst copepods from John Friends Cave, Maryland, USA:31, poster presentation In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICS B 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: Epikarst habitats are ecologically important reservoirs of stygobioti c fauna. While a number of studies have investigated the biodiversit y of these habitats, few have employed molecular tools. In this study, we in vestigated the molecular diversity of epikarst copepods from John Friends Cave, Maryland USA. Previous studies of epikarst copepod biodiversity from this cave identified eight species. Copepods from d ripwaters in 6 different locations throughout the cave were collected in Sep tember 2008 and preserved in 100% ethanol. In order to investigate the molecular diversity found in the epikarst habitat of this cave, individ ual copepods were used to PCR amplify a ~650bp region of the mitochondrial gene cytochrome oxidase I (COI). Sequences were obtained from 37 in dividuals, representing five different drips within the cave. Based on sequence similarity, the individuals analyzed represent thre e different species. In all cases, sequences from a single species were >98% si milar, while sequence similarities among the three species range d from 66-78%. Based on sequences available in public databases (e g. GenBank), two of the species are most closely related to harpacticoi ds from the family Cletopsyllidae (86%), while the third species is re presented by a single sequence that is most closely related to cyclopoids from the family Cyclopidae (88%). Among the harpacticoids sampled s o far, one of the species was found in 4 of the 5 drips and the secon d in 2 of 5 drips. The ability to use molecular tools to identify the cope pod diversity within a drip offers the potential for long term monitoring of epikarst fauna and the tools for investigating the connectivity of the epikarst habitat. PORTILLO (M. C.) & GONZALEZ (J. M.), 2010. Moonmilk Deposits Originate from Specific Bacterial Communities in Altamira Cave (Spain). Microbial Ecology Online First™, 17 August 2010. DOI: ABS: The influence of bacterial communities on the formation of carbonate deposits such as moonmilk was investigated in Altamira Cave (Spain). The study focuses on the relationship between the bacterial c ommunities at moonmilk deposits and those forming white colonizat ions, which develop sporadically throughout the cave. Using molecular f ingerprinting of the metabolically active bacterial communities detected through RNA analyses, the development of white colonizations an d moonmilk deposits showed similar bacterial profiles. White colonizati ons were able to raise the pH as a result of their metabolism (reaching in situ pH values above 8.5), which was proportional to the nutrient supply Bacterial activity was analyzed by nanorespirometry showing higher metabol ic activity from bacterial colonizations than uncolonized areas. Onc e carbonate deposits were formed, bacterial activity decreased drastical ly (down to 5.7% of the white colonization activity). This study reports on a specific type of bacterial community leading to moonmilk deposit for mation in a cave environment as a result of bacterial metabolism. Th e consequence of this process is a macroscopic phenomenon of visible carb onate depositions and accumulation in cave environments. POSTAWA (T.), FURMAN (A.) OZTUNC (T.) & ORAMAN (E.), 2010. Patterns of ectoparasite abundance infecting distinct populations of Miniopterus species in their contact zone in Asia Minor:251. In : 15th International Bat Research Conference, Prague, 22-2 7 August 2010, the conference manual: Programme, abstracts, list of participants, edited by: Ivan HOR EK and Petr BENDA, ISBN 978-80-87154-46-5, 380 p. ABS: Closely related hosts species are similarly suscept ible to infestations of parasites. However, even small differences in morph ology or in feeding behavior may also result in differences in parasite s infestation. M. schreibersii in Asia Minor forms a cryptic species complex: Miniopterus pallidus and M. schreibersii We analysed abundance of 2 species of nycteribiid flies (Diptera, Nycteribiidae) and one wing mite


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 86 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 (Mesostigmata: Spinturnicidae) infecting distinct p opulation of Miniopterus schreibersii complex in their putative contact zone in Asia Minor (Central Anatolia). Studies were conducted du ring the maternity period, in cave colonies two genetically different/ distinct lineages/haplotypes/haplogroups of Miniopterus schreibersii (3 caves vs one cave) and M. pallidus (3 caves). Only adult bats: males end females were investigated; all maternity aggregations were more numerous than a few hundred individuals. Between two main hosts: M. schreibersii and M. pallidus we find no differences in flies abundance (withou t effect of host sex), and significant differences in wing mite abun dance (with effect of host sex). Unexpectedly, the largest differences we find between two distinct population of M. schreibersii : in cave colony from Hatay theres complete lack of wing mites, and almost threefold l argest abundance of flies than other bent-wing bat colonies. Because ba ts from this colony have a unique haplotype suggesting a relatively rec ent migration and isolation from the other M. schreibersii colonies, it is possible that during this episode had "lost" mites, and in their place, flies increased the number. POULSON (T. L.), 2010. Chapter 1. Cavefish: Retrospective and Prospective:1-40. DOI: In: TRAJANO (E.), BICHUETTE (M. E.) & KAPOOR (B. G.), Biology of Subterranean Fishes. Edited by TRAJANO (E.), BICHUETTE (M. E.) & KAPOOR (B. G.). ISBN: 978-1-57808-670-2. eBook ISBN: 978-1-4398-4048-1. Science Publishers 2010. 460 p. POUPIN (J.), 2010. B nr de l'Indo-Pacifique tropical ais: 2514 n ces de r s capodes et Stomatopodes. Rapport scientifique, Institut de Recherche de l'cole Navale, Brest, France, 76 p. POUPIN (J.) & JUNCKER (M.), 2010. Guide des GHIJKLGM s NM capodes du Pacifique Sud [A guide to the decapod crustaceans of the South Pacific]. Nouma, Nouvelle Caldonie: Coral Reef InitiativeS for the Pacific e t Secrtariat gnral de la Communaut du Pacifique, 320 p. URL: ; Prfecture de l'Orne & DREAL Basse-Bormandie, 2010. Rseau europen NATURA 2000 Directive "Habitats". Site d'importance communautaire. Ancienne champignonnire des Petites Hayes:2 p. PRENDERGAST (J. A.), JENSEN (W. E.) & ROTH (S. D.), 2010. Trends in Abundance of Hibernating Bats in a Karst Region of the Southern Great Plains. The Southwestern Naturalist 55(3):331-339. DOI: ABS: We analyzed temporal variation in abundance of hibernating bats from long-term records (1965-2004) in gypsum caves of the Red Hill s of Kansas and Oklahoma, a region lying at peripheries of geograph ic ranges of four species of bats. Nonparametric correlation analyses were used to evaluate variation in abundances of five species among 12 hi bernacula. Townsend's big-eared bat ( Corynorhinus townsendii ) showed no significant change in abundance among most of its h ibernacula, but exhibited one increase and one decrease in abundanc e in two hibernacula. The cave myotis ( Myotis velifer ) displayed increasing abundance in some hibernacula (27% of hibernacula, n = 3) and one dec rease (9% of hibernacula, n = 1). The tri-colored bat ( Perimyotis subflavus ) exhibited increasing abundance in 60% (n = 6) of its hibernac ula. The pallid bat ( Antrozous pallidus ) and big brown bat ( Eptesicus fuscus ) exhibited no statistically significant change in size of populat ion in any hibernaculum, although the pallid bat occurred infrequently and i n low numbers ( 11 individuals) in the hibernaculum where it was detec ted. The changes in abundance we detected may reflect range expansions of some species (e. g., tri-colored bat) or changes in qualities of hib ernacula or other aspects of habitats, but underlying mechanisms are unknown. ABS: Analizamos la variacin temporal en abundancia de murcilagos en invernaderos por medio de registros de largo plazo (1965-2004) en ca vernas de yeso de las Red Hills de Kansas y Oklahoma, una regin que se e ncuentra en los lmites de las distribuciones geogrficas de cuatro especies de murcilagos. Se us el anlisis de correlacin no p aramtrica para evaluar la variacin en abundancia de cinco especies entre 12 invernaderos. El murcilago orejas de mula ( Corynorhinus townsendii ) no mostr cambios significativos en abundancia en la mayora de sus i nvernaderos, pero exhibi un aumento y una reduccin en abundancia en dos invernaderos. El murcilago de la cueva ( Myotis velifer ) mostr aumento en algunos invernaderos (27% de los invernaderos, n = 3) y en un sitio una reduccin (9% de los invernaderos, n = 1). El murcilago Perimyotis subflavus exhibi un aumento en abundancia en 60% (n = 6) en sus invernaderos. El murcilago plido ( Antrozous pallidus ) y el gran murcilago marrn ( Eptesicus fuscus ) no exhibieron cambios significativos con respecto al tamao poblacional en ningn invernadero, aunque el murcilago plido apareci en baja frecuencia y en bajos nmeros ( 11 individuos) en el invernadero donde fue detectado. Los cambios en abu ndancia que detectamos pueden reflejar expansiones en la distri bucin geogrfica de algunas especies (por ejemplo, el murcilago P. subflavus ) o cambios en la calidad de invernadero u otros aspectos de hbit at, pero se desconocen los mecanismos subyacentes. PRESETNIK (P.) & PODGORELEC (M.), 2010. Miniopterus schreibersii what is this cave-roosts flagship species doing in church attics? Poster 117:76. In: 15th International Bat Research Conference, Prague, 22-2 7 August 2010, the conference manual: Programme, abstracts, list of participants, edited by: Ivan HOR EK and Petr BENDA, ISBN 978-80-87154-46-5, 380 p. PRESETNIK (P.) & PODGORELEC (M.), 2010. Miniopterus schreibersii what is this cave-roosts flagship species doing in church attics?:251-252. In: 15th International Bat Research Conference, Prague, 22-2 7 August 2010, the conference manual: Programme, abstracts, list of participants, edited by: Ivan HOR EK and Petr BENDA, ISBN 978-80-87154-46-5, 380 p. ABS: Bent-winged bats (Miniopteridae) are medium sized c ave dwelling insectivorous bats of the Old World. The only speci es in Europe, Miniopterus schreibersii is distributed in southern Europe from Iberia to the Caucasus, south of the 48 parallel. It is pred ominately found in the relatively warm karst regions and almost exclusivel y roosts in large caves. Usually large colonies of several (even as m uch as ten) thousand animals can use specific underground shelters as nu rsery, hibernation, transitional or all year round roosts. It is no won der that M. schreibersii has become a flagship species for the conservation of cave habitats for bats. However, at the northern edge of its range in Central Europe there had been sporadic reports of smaller nursery coloni es also inhabiting attics. Unfortunately, these reports either referre d to roosts that no longer existed, or no details were given. The intensive su rvey of church attics, which has occurred over the last decade in Slovenia and neighbouring Austria, has revealed that M. schreibersii forms nursery roosts in three attics: in the Slovenian village churches of Puš ava and Završe; and in the priest's house in Klsch, Austria. These buildings share remarkably similar conditions in that all: (i) have large wind ows in the attic or adjacent rooms; (ii) have relatively large attic sp aces; (iii) but also have a more sheltered space free of draughts, and; (iv) im portantly, all roosts were shared with large colonies of Myotis myotis M. schreibersii were usually hidden in clusters of the larger species or formed small groups just beside the groups of M. myotis In the summer of 2009 we counted in Puš ava, Završe and Klsch approximately 60, 230 and 15 adult M. schreibersii and 460, 850 and 620 adult M. myotis respectively. Banding data shows that probably all the M. schreibersii from the abovementioned attics hibernate in one cave. This could mean that these M. schreibersii are accustomed to using attics as nursery roosts a nd therefore more could be expected in similar buildings. The bu ilding descriptions given could also be used as practical guidelines fo r the restoration of former roost sites destroyed in previous decades. PREVOR NIK (S.), TRONTELJ (P.) & SKET (B.), 2010. Rapid re-invasion and evolution following the myste rious disappearance of Racovitza's Asellus aquaticus cavernicolus (Crustacea: Isopoda: Asellidae):172. I n: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICS B 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: The completely depigmented Asellus aquaticus cavernicolus was first described by Racovitza (1925) from the cave rna jama a part of the Postojna Planina Cave System (PPCS, Slovenia). As Racovitza's descri ption was rather deficient, a more detailed one was provided by Sket (1965). In the 1960s,


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 87 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 however, the population found at the exact type loc ality ( rna jama) was highly heterogeneous in pigmentation. Therefore, Sk et used specimens from the homogeneous, totally depigmented (sub)popu lation from the adjacent downstream cave Planinska jama, also part of the PPCS. Four decades later, molecular population genetic and phy logeographic analyses revealed that the PPCS is inhabited by at least two distinct troglomorphic populations with very restricted, if any, recent ge ne flow: the upstream rna jama and the downstream Planinska jama populati on. In a wider phylogeographic framework that included surface pop ulations, it was shown that both populations result from independent invasions, the rna jama being the younger one. Furthermore, extensive multivariate statistical analyses of morphometric characters rev ealed significant differences among recent (sub)populations from the PPCS, raising the question about the true identity of the "original" A. a. cavernicolus According to our newest morphometric analyses of Ra covitza's type material, no recent (sub)population of the PPCS is identical to the type sample. So what could have happened to A. a. cavernicolus in an 80years period? We propose two possible scenarios for morphological changes. The first one represents the traditional v iew of linear progression under directional selection. It implies that Racovitza's taxon has retained its identity but has undergone rapid p henotypic changes. The second corresponds to a more dynamic model of cave invasion considering the possibility of multiple successive and parallel events, as well as competitive interactions between old cave p opulations and new invaders. According to the second scenario, Racovit za's taxon was ultimately replaced by a population that has invade d the upstream parts of the PPCS somewhere in the time between Racovitza's (1925) description and Sket's (1965) re-description. The morphological evidence speaks in favour of the second scenario, implying that a few decades are sufficient for a new cave invasion and the corresponding trogl omorphic changes to happen. PRI (V.), KIRSCH (R.) & BICHAIN (J.-M.), 2010. Richesse spcifique et gtes profonds des chauves-s ouris (Mammalia, Chiroptera) dans le Gouffre de Padirac ( Lot, France). Le Rhinolophe 18:7-16. PROUDLOVE (G. S.), 2010. British subterranean biology, the Hazelton database and the future:67. In: Britis h Cave Research Association, Abstracts from the BCRA Summe r Cave Biology Field Meeting, 8 September 2010, Arncl iffe Village Hall and Scoska Cave, Littondale, Yorkshire UK. Cave and Karst Science 37(2, this issue has a cover date of August 2010 and was published in December 2010). ABS: The study of subterranean biology in Great Britain began in 1938 when Aubrey Glennie and Mary Hazelton formed the core of a group of cavers who collected animals from caves. All animals colle cted were sent to Hazelton, the Biological Recorder of the Cave Resea rch Group of Great Britain, who sent them to experts for identificatio n. She then published all of the data in the Biological Records, a series of 16 publications from 1955 to 1978. This was a huge and crucially importa nt job. All data are now entered into an Excel database named Hazelton i n honour its main architect. There are 5573 records of animals from 1 785 samples from 596 subterranean sites. This dataset is currently under analysis. Future studies are required and should be targeted at taxa (= anim al groups), sites, habitats and projects. PROUDLOVE (G. S.), 2010. Chapter 2. Biodiversity and Distribution of the Subterranean Fishes of the Worl d:4164. DOI: In: TRAJANO (E.), BICHUETTE (M. E.) & KAPOOR (B. G.), Biology of Subterranean Fishes. Edited by TRAJANO (E.), BICHUETTE (M. E.) & KAPOOR (B. G.). ISBN: 978-1-57808-670-2. eBook ISBN: 978-1-439 84048-1. Science Publishers 2010. 460 p. PROUDLOVE (G. S.), WOOD (P. J.) & KNIGHT (L. R. F. D.), 2010. Janine GIBERT 29 August 1945 14 April 2009. ?:68. PRUD'HOMME (F.), 2010. La Grotte des Tignahustes, 70 ans aprs Norbert CASTERET. Symbioses n. s., 25(Mars, Actes des 12e rencontres nationales "chauves-souris" de la SFEPM (Socit Franaise pour l'tude et la Protect ion des Mammifres), Bourges, Mars 2008 ):9-12. .htm PUECHMAILLE (S. J.), VERDEYROUX (P.), FULLER (H.), GOUILH (M. A.), BEKAERT (M.) & TEELING (E. C.), 2010. L'vnement. Dordogne. Alerte au White Nose Syndrome en France. Spelunca 117(Mars, 1er trimestre):3. PUECHMAILLE (S. J.) & WIBBELT (G.), 2010. Protocol sheet for Investigations of Bats in Hibernacula Wit h Suspect of "White Nose-Syndrome" like Lesions. IZW February:3 p. PYBUS (M.), 2010. White-Nose Syndrome. Western Canadian Bat Network Newsletter 17(Autumn):18. QAUMMEN (D.), 2010. Bat Crash. Bats are crucial to ecosystems-devouring insects, dispersing seeds, and pollinating flowers. But in the U. S. an insidious new enemy is causing massive die-offs. National Geographic Magazine December, 4 p. -crash/quammentext RACOVI (G.), 2010. Rvision systmatique des Leptodirinae souterrains des Monts Apuseni. 7. Le s ousgenre Pholeuon (s. str.) du bassin de Crisul Negru (Monts du Bihor). Travaux de l'Institut de Spologie "mile Racovitza" 49:3-27. RS: Dans cette septime et dernire tude rgionale faisant partie de la rvision systmatiqu e que nous avons initie treize ans auparavant, on a dispos de neuf chanti llons faunistique totalisant 1297 individus (579 mles et 718 femelle s). Les rsultats fournis par le traitement statistique des donnes b iomtriques montrent, dans ce cas de manire encore plus nette que d'habi tude, qu'une diffrenciation des taxons infra-spcifiques n'est pratiquement possible qu'en tenant compte non seulement de la similitude morphologique, mais aussi du facteur biogographique. Sans que ce derni er soit pourtant utilis en tant qu'lment de diagnose proprement-dit, cinq sous-espces nouvelles de Pholeuon (s. str.) leptodirum ont pu tre identifies: P. l. problematicus P. l. jeanneli P. l. moldovani P. l. fagensis et P. l. nanus Par ailleurs, certaines modifications ont dues tre opres dans la classification propose par Jeannel (1923) et accep te jusque de nos jours. RAGHURAM (H.) & MARIMUTNU (G.), 2010. Food transfer by mother to pup in Megaderma lyra :255-256. In: 15th International Bat Research Conference, Prague, 2227 August 2010, the conference manual: Programme, abstracts, list of participants, edited by: Ivan HOR EK and Petr BENDA, ISBN 978-80-87154-46-5, 380 p. ABS: The Indian false vampire bat, Megaderma lyra lives in caves, unused buildings and temples. It feeds upon frogs, mice, g eckos, etc. In order to detect and capture prey on ground M. lyra uses a combination of passively listening to prey-generated sound, echolo cation and possibly vision also. But to capture prey (frog) at water su rface, the bat uses echolocation. M. lyra gives birth to a single young from March to May. I n a study under captive conditions, four out of eight young (Group 1) at 6063 days of age began to capture dead frogs that we pulled with a long thread on the sandy floor of the flight room. Howev er, the mothers continued to suckle until their young became 85 day s old. The mothers of the remaining four young (Group 2) stopped suckling when their young attained the age of 60 days. Nevertheless, these mo thers transferred either entire or partly consumed frogs (bodies with no hea d, half bodies, paired hind limbs and single hind limbs) to their young so licitors. Such food transfers occurred based on the body lengths of fro gs. Mothers transferred small frogs entirely, but as the body length of fro gs increased, mothers transferred smaller body parts to their young. Occa sionally, audible vocalizations of mother and young were associated w ith food transfers. When these young bats became 74 days old, their mot hers stopped food transfers. It appears that lactating females of M. lyra take care of their young by supplementing milk with solid food, simila r to other megadermatid bats. RAHMADI (C.), HARVEY (M. S.) & KOJIMA (J.-I.), 2010. Does the whip spider genus Stygophrynus (Amblypygi: Charontidae) extend its distribution ea stward


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 88 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 to the Solomon Islands?:359-360. In: 18th International Congress of Arachnology, University of Podlasie & International Society of Arachnology, Siedlce, Pola nd, 1117 July 2010, Book of Abstracts, editor: Marek 9 ABKA, ISBN: 978-83-7051-575-1, 507 p. RAHMADI (C.), HARVEY (M. S.) & KOJIMA (J.-I.), 2010. Whip spiders of the genus Sarax Simon, 1892 (Amblypygi: Charinidae) from Borneo Island. Zootaxa 2612(September 15):1-21, 8 pl., 33 rf. ABS: Five species of the whip spider genus Sarax are recognized from Borneo, with the following four species newly described: Sarax yayukae sp. nov. from Sabah (Malaysia), West and Central Kalimantan (Indo nesia), and three species from East Kalimantan, S. cavernicola sp. nov., S. sangkulirangensis sp. nov., and S. mardua sp. nov. Sarax mardua and S. cavernicola have pale coloration, reduced eyes and elongate le gs suggesting troglomorphic adaptations to cave enviro nments. The characters diagnosing the family Charinidae and the genus Sarax are discussed and revised. The distribution patterns of Sarax species in Southeast Asia, especially in Borneo Island, are di scussed in relation to their habitat preferences. The generic status of Stygophrynus moultoni Gravely, 1915 (Charontidae) is briefly discussed. K W: Caves, troglomorphic species, taxonomy, new species, Stygophrynus RAHMADI (C.) & KOJIMA (J.-I.), 2010. Whip spiders of the genus Sarax in the Papuan region, with description of two new species (Amblypygi: Charinidae). Journal of Arachnology 38(3):475-484. ml RAINHO (A.), MEYER (C. F. J.), THORSTEIND"TTIR (S.) & PALMEIRIM (J. M.), 2010. Conservation status of bats of the island of So Tom, Gulf of Guinea:2 56-257. In: 15th International Bat Research Conference, Prague, 22-27 August 2010, the conference manual: Programme, abstracts, list of participants, edited by: Ivan HOR EK and Petr BENDA, ISBN 978-80-87154-46-5, 380 p. ABS: The bat fauna of So Tom is characterized by a rem arkably high degree of endemism; four out of the ten species known to o ccur on this small oceanic island and one subspecies are endemic. Howe ver, while many bat species on the island are considered threatened, li ttle is known about their distribution, population status and how they may be affected by human activities. Here, we report on the results of a sur vey that was conducted between September and November 2009. Our ultimate g oal was to identify potential threats and priority areas for s pecies protection such as important roosting sites knowledge that can aid i n the planning and implementation of appropriate conservation measures The study revealed the presence of a bat species not previously known to occur on the island, Myotis tricolor Our findings suggest that the disturbance or dest ruction of roosts constitutes a threat to many of the bat s pecies on So Tom, especially cave-roosting ones, calling for legal pr otection of those species and monitoring of key roosting sites. Although the flying fox species Eidolon helvum and Rousettus aegyptiacus are seemingly abundant on the island and appear to be able to sustain current lev els of exploitation, hunting may be a problem for the island endemic Myonycteris brachycephala whose population size seems to be greatly reduced To avoid overexploitation of these species, awareness campaigns among hunters are necessary, alongside legal protection m easures such as the establishment of a closed season during the bats' p eriod of reproduction and prohibition of capturing bats in colonies. Fina lly, lack of knowledge about the general biology, ecology, and population status is a serious obstacle to the conservation of some of the bat spe cies of So Tom and there is a dire need for future research into littl e-known species such as the island endemic Tadarida tomensis RAINHO (A.) & PALMEIRIM (J. M.), 2010. The importance of distance variables in the modelling o f bat foraging habitat:256. In: 15th International Bat Research Conference, Prague, 22-27 August 2010, the conferen ce manual: Programme, abstracts, list of participants, edited by: Ivan HOR EK and Petr BENDA, ISBN 978-8087154-46-5, 380 p. ABS: Bats are colonial central-place foragers that usually return daily to their colony roosts, b ut thanks to their flying capacity they can reach distant high quality foragi ng sites, where they can maximise their food intake. However, flying is ener getically expensive, so reaching these sites and other key resources, su ch as drinking water, may be costly. As a consequence, distance variables are likely to be critical determinants in bat habitat suitability. I n order to evaluate how essential these distance variables are in modelling bat habitat suitability, we analysed habitat selection by two cave-dwelling species ( Rhinolophus mehelyi and Miniopterus schreibersii ), both of global conservation concern and among the least known bats in Europe. H abitat use was determined by radio tracking the two species during the spring, around a nursing colony located in Mediterranean southern Po rtugal. The role of various habitat and distance variables was tested u sing logistic regression modelling. The results confirmed the great importan ce of distance variables. Habitat suitability models that did not include distance variables had much lower performance and discrimina tion ability than those that included them. In fact, two of the dista nce variables analysed distance to roost and to water could alone explai n as much as 86 and 73% of the habitat suitability for Miniopterus schreibersii and Rhinolophus mehelyi respectively. We also generated habitat suitabilit y maps for both species in a GIS environment using mo dels with and without distance variables. The resulting maps diff ered substantially, confirming the poor spatial performance of the mode ls that did not include distance variables. We conclude that the in clusion of distance variables in habitat suitability modelling will not only allow a better understanding of the way bats select their foraging habitats, but also increase the quality of the maps used to plan the c onservation and management of their habitat. RAMPINI (M.), DI RUSSO (C.) & COBOLLI (M.), 2010. The cave crickets of the Eastern Mediterranean area : a contribution to the study of Balkan and Anatolian Rhaphidophoridae diversity:47-48, poster presentati on. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICS B 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: Two genera of Rhaphidophoridae cave crickets are widespread in th e Southern Europe and Asia minor, inhabiting caves of the Mediterrane an area. At the end of the last century 22 species belonging to the genus Dolichopoda Bolivar, 1880 and 12 species belonging to the genus Troglophilus Krauss, 1879 were reported in literature for the caves of the Ea stern Mediterranean area. Both genera are components of the parietal co mmunity, and important vectors of trophic energy within the cave s. Morphologically these two genera differ in the number of spines on the hind tibiae and in the shape of genitalia. On the basis of their ecolo gy and of some morphological traits, i. e. appendages elongation a nd body coloration, Dolichopoda species show an higher degree of cave adaptation t han Troglophilus Most of the oriental Dolichopoda species are concentrated in continental and insular Greece; the other specie s are limited to the Balkans, Anatolia and Caucasus. The number of Troglophilus species is significantly lower: 7 species from Balkans, 3 from Anatolia and 2 from Aegean islands. Our recent researches carried out i n these areas allowed us to identify and to describe 11 new species of Dolichopoda and 3 new species of Troglophilus Other new taxa are still uncertain, needing further investigations. These are the cases of Dolichopoda specimens from Diktaion Antron (Crete) and from Korician Antr on (Beotia) and the Troglophilus specimens collected in two Albanian caves and on M ljet island (Dalmatia). The results of our work point ou t the richness of species of both genera in these regions, 48 out the 65 total species, supporting the hypothesis of a common oriental orig in for both genera, whose centre of dispersal was placed on the former Aegean plate. The preliminary analysis based on some morphological tr aits (e. g. epiphallus in Dolichopoda and X tergite in Troglophilus ) suggest a clear divergence of the Caucasian-Anatolian species from the Balkani c-Hellenic taxa. The separation of these two groups of species in both g enera could be interpreted as the result of some important geologi cal events that occurred in this area during the late Miocene (e. g. rising of Anatolian plateau and formation of Mid-Aegean Trench). RANGA REDDY (Y.) & TOTAKURA (V. R.), 2010. A taxonomic revision of the genus Habrobathynella Schminke, 1973, with the description of four new sp ecies from southeastern India (Crustacea, Malacostraca, Bathynellacea). Zootaxa 2532(July 12):1-54, 32 pl., 66 rf. ABS: The genus Habrobathynella Schminke, 1973, presently contains six species. Four new species of the genus Habrobathynella viz. H. krishna


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 89 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 n. sp., H. vaitarini n. sp., H. savitri n. sp. and H. vidua n. sp. are described and illustrated herein and their taxonomi c position in the genus Habrobathynella discussed. Inhabiting certain rivers and borewells in the State of Andhra Pradesh, southeastern India, these new species introduce several morphologic features that are unique to eit her the genus or the family Parabathynellidae. The spine row on the urop odal sympod now displays five character states, and high diversity is also seen in the male thoracopod VIII. The salient morphologic characters and their various states in all the habrobathynellid species are revi ewed and the original generic diagnosis revised. The palpless mandible wi th somewhat pyriform pars molaris, bearing 5-6 teeth, is recogn ised as a signal synapomorphy of Habrobathynella Two more synapomorphies based on the male thoracopod VIII and caudal furca are added Considering its special importance in taxonomy, the male thoracopod VIII of the four already known Indian species, viz. H. nagarjunai Ranga Reddy, 2002; H. schminkei Ranga Reddy, 2004; H. indica Ranga Reddy & Schminke, 2005 and H. plenituda Ranga Reddy & Schminke, 2009, has been reexamined based on topotypes and freshly illustrat ed with line drawings and digital images, and errors in the original acco unts are corrected. Also, the ecology, biogeography and conservation of Habrobathynella species are briefly discussed. KW: Stygofauna, Syncarida, P arabathynellidae, distribution. RASPLUS (J.-Y.) & ROQUES (A.), 2010. Dictyoptera (Blattodea, Isoptera), Orthoptera, Phasmatodea and Dermaptera. Chapter 13.3. In: Roques A et al. (Eds) Alien terrestrial arthropods of Europe. BioRisk 4(2):807-831. DOI: RAVICHANDRAN (B.) & SILIWAL (M.), 2010. Snakes of Rameshwaram. Reptile Rap 9(January):2-4. BL: Cf p. 4, Common Wolf Snake ( Lycodon aulicus ): Lycodon one of the most widespread Asiatic snakes. Over 25 species have bee n reported to date, and 11 of them occur within Indian subcontident (MU KHERJEE & BHUPATHY, 2007). Strictly nocturnal. Found in and a round caves, wells, stone piles, hollow trees and often in house s. REBOLEIRA (A. S. P. S.), 2010. Fauna caverncola e Bioespeleologia. Bioalmoo. Instituto Superior de Agronomia. 18.III.2010. Convidada. Presentation in scientific event. REBOLEIRA (A. S. P. S.), GONALVES (F.) & OROM (P.), 2010. Subterranean biology of mainland Portugal: historical review and new insights:90-91. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICS B 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: In Portugal more than 3000 caves and several types of subterranean h abitats are known, but until today the subject of biological studies have been mostly the caves and the freshwater aquifers. A historical review of the Portuguese hypogean fauna since the first written record in 18 70 until today has been carried out, concluding that 19 troglobionts and 62 stygobionts are known. The knowledge of the subterranean fauna in t he karstic areas was scarce and mainly based on studies made during the last century. Though this subterranean fauna has been considered moderat ely poor, there are several highly interesting hypogean species conside red as relicts. Since 2006, a new biological prospection has been accompl ished in more than 30 caves of 13 different karstic regions, which rev ealed an interesting cave fauna and the existence of new hypogean specie s of high scientific value. During 2009 the cave fauna and environmental parameters were monitored seasonally in 15 caves distributed along 500 km and comprising 9 different karstic regions. The present communication provides the interim results on their biodiversity and seasonal activity, reporting the discovery of 17 new troglobionts and a clear bloom in troglobiont abundance during the spring. Our result s confirm that the terrestrial hypogean fauna on karstic regions is as cribed to two subterranean main biogeographic districts: the Lusi tanic covering the major part of Portugal, and the Baetic whose greate st extent is in Spanish Andalusia but also includes the Portuguese Algarve to the west. Severe problems of reduction of the subterranean habitat a s a result of limestone quarries and the impact of human pollution can lead to the extinction of this important biodiversity. The protection measure s for subterranean species are clearly insufficient and there is an ur gent need to set rank priorities for conservation, since the resources ar e not enough to protect hypogean spaces in karstic regions. REBOLEIRA (A. S. P. S.), ORTUO (V. M.), GONALVES (F.) & OROM (P.), 2010. A hypogean new species of Trechus Clairville, 1806 (Coleoptera, Carabidae) from Portugal and considerations about t he T. fulvus species group. Zootaxa 2689(November 26):15-26, 7 pl., 18 rf. ABS: A new hypogean ground beetle species, Trechus tatai n. sp. from the Montejunto karstic massif in Portu gal is described. Morphological diagnostic characters of the imago ar e provided and the new species is included in the Trechus fulvus -group. Comments on the biogeography of hypogean carabid beetles in karstic areas of Portugal and an illustrated key to the males of the T. fulvus -group in the Iberian Peninsula are also included. KW: Trechinae, T. fulvus -lineage, hypogean, cave, Montejunto, Portugal. REBOLEIRA (A. S. P. S.), SENDRA (A.), GONALVES (F.) & OROM (P.), 2010. The first hypogean dipluran from Portugal: description of a new species of the genus Litocampa (Diplura: Campodeidae). Zootaxa 2728(December, 22):50-56, 3 pl., 36 rf. REBOLEIRA (A. S. P. S.), ZARAGOZA (J. A.), GONALVES (F.) & OROM (P.), 2010. Titanobochica surprising discovery of a new cavedwelling genus from southern Portugal (Arachnida: Pseudoscorpiones: Bochicidae). Zootaxa 2681(November 19):1-19, 7 pl., 44 rf. ABS: The new genus Titanobochica is described for Titanobochica magna sp. nov. from caves of the Algarve karstic massif, in Portugal. The new genus is assig ned to the family Bochicidae and its particular characteristics and g eographical isolation suggest a relictual condition. A key to the genera of Bochicidae is provided. The composition of the cave-dwelling faun a of the Algarve province is also discussed. KW: Pseudoscorpiones, B ochicidae, relict, cave, Algarve, Portugal, Iberian Peninsula. RES: O novo gnero Titanobochica descrito para incluir Titanobochica magna n. sp., do meio hipgeo do macio calcrio Algarvio, no Sudoes te da Pennsula Ibrica. O novo gnero includo na famlia Bochic idae e as suas peculiares caractersticas, associadas ao isolament o geogrfico, revelam a sua condio de relquia, atestando a sua antiguida de no territrio. fornecida uma chave genrica para a famlia Bochici dae e so efectuadas consideraes sobre a composio da fauna cavernco la do Algarve. REEB (V.) & BHATTACHARYA (D.), 2010. The ThermoAcidophilic Cyanidiophyceae (Cyanidiales):411-426. In: SECKBACH (J.) & CHAPMAN (D. J.), Red Algae in the Genomic Age. Cellular Origin, Life in Extreme Habit ats and Astrobiology. 13. ISBN 978-90-481-3794-7. e-ISBN 978-90-481-3795-4. DOI: Springer, Dordrecht, Heidelberg, London, New York. 498 p. EHK (Z.), 2010. Some faunistic data on the bats of Italy. Vespertilio 13/14:113-119. REICHARD (J. D.), PRAJAPATI (S. I.), AUSTAD (S. N.) KELLER (C.) & KUNZ (T. H.), 2010. Thermal Windows on Brazilian Free-tailed Bats Facilitate Thermoregulation during Prolonged Flight. Integrative and Comparative Biology 50(3, September 27):358-370. DOI: ABS: The Brazilian freetailed bat ( Tadarida brasiliensis ) experiences challenging thermal conditions while roosting in hot caves, flying duri ng warm daylight conditions, and foraging at cool high altitudes. Us ing thermal infrared cameras, we identified hot spots along the flanks o f free-ranging Brazilian free-tailed bats, ventral to the extended wings. These hot spots are absent in syntopic cave myotis ( Myotis velifer ), a species that forages over relatively short distances, and does not engag e in long-distance migration. We hypothesized that the hot spots, or r adiators, on Brazilian free-tailed bats may be adaptations for migration, particularly in this long-distance, high-flying species. We examined the vasculature of radiators on Brazilian free-tailed bats with transi llumination to


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 90 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 characterize the unique arrangements of arteries an d veins that are positioned perpendicular to the body in the proxima l region of the wing. We hypothesized that these radiators aid in maintai ning heat balance by flushing the uninsulated thermal window with warm b lood, thereby dissipating heat while bats are flying under warm c onditions, but shunting blood away and conserving heat when they are flying in cooler air at high altitudes. We also examined fluid-preserved specime ns representing 122 species from 15 of 18 chiropteran families and radi ators appeared present only in species in the family Molossidae, including both sedentary and migratory species and subspecies. Thus, the radiato r appears to be a unique trait that may facilitate energy balance and water balance during sustained dispersal, foraging, and long-distance mi gration. REID (A.), HILL (T.), CLARKE (R.), GWILLIAM (J.) & KREBS (J.), 2010. Roosting Ecology of Female Townsend's Big-Eared Bats ( Corynorhinus townsendii ) in South-Eastern British Columbia: Implications for Conservation Management. Northwestern Naturalist 91(2):215-218. DOI: KW: British Columbia, cave, Corynorhinus townsendii maternity roost, Townsend's Big-eared Bat. REIMER (J. D.), HIROSE (M.) & WIRTZ (P.), 2010. Zoanthids of the Cape Verde Islands and their symbi onts: previously unexamined diversity in the Northeastern Atlantic. Contributions to Zoology 79(4):147-163.;c=ctz;cc=ctz;sid=2e4c162cfccfd3fc6c3b96 c9386a8876;q1= cave;op2=and;op3=and;rgn=main;view=text;idno=m7904a 02 REITER (G.), GEBHARDT (O.) & KUGELSCHAFTER (K.), 2010. A picture of bat activity at a cave entrance in Austria. Poster 110:75. In: 15th International Bat Research Conference, Prague, 22-27 August 2010, the conferen ce manual: Programme, abstracts, list of participants, edited by: Ivan HOR EK and Petr BENDA, ISBN 978-8087154-46-5, 380 p. REITER (G.), GEBHARDT (O.) & KUGELSCHAFTER (K.), 2010. A picture of bat activity at a cave entrance in Austria:263. In: 15th International Bat Research Conference, Prague, 22-27 August 2010, the conferen ce manual: Programme, abstracts, list of participants, edited by: Ivan HOR EK and Petr BENDA, ISBN 978-8087154-46-5, 380 p. ABS: We studied the activity of bats at a cave entrance in Styria, Austria from 13th of July until 28th of December 2009. Thus, we included the period for the autumnal swarm ing followed by the winter activity. The species assemblage of the cave includes species that are hard to capture like Rhinolophus hipposideros and species that are difficult/impossible to distinguish by their ultras ound calls like e. g. Myotis mystacinus and Myotis brandtii Therefore we used infrared light beams and automatic photographing of bats to get re liable results for species which are poorly understood in terms of swa rming and winter activity, respectively. More then 109900 flights in to the cave and 101240 flights out of the cave were recorded during our st udy period, with 50% of the recordings between mid of August and mid of September. Subsequently the activity at the cave was continuou sly decreasing. However, we found bat activity on every single day of the study period, even at very low ambient temperatures. We were able to take 67769 pictures of bats flying into the cave (=62% of all flights into the cave). The pictures were assigned to 11 bat species or spe cies groups. By far the most numerous or active bat at the cave was Rhinolophus hipposideros (87.9% of all pictures). Other active species were Myotis emarginatus (4.4%), Pipistrellus spp. (3.3%), Barbastella barbastellus (1.6%) and Rhinolophus ferrumequinum (1.5%). The following species were photographed in much smaller numbers: Myotis daubentonii M. mystacinus or M. brandtii Eptesicus serotinus Plecotus spp., Myotis myotis or M. oxygnathus and M. nattereri For five bat species we present species specific activity patterns and we use the r esults of the activity recording for comparison with the visually counted bats during the hibernation count. REITER (G.), PHACKER (J.), WEGLEITNER (S.) & HTTMEIR (U.), 2010. Recent records of Myotis dasycneme in Austria. Vespertilio 13/14:127-132. REN (H.), MA (G.), ZHANG (Q.), GUO (Q.), WANG (J.) & WANG (Z.), 2010. Moss is a key nurse plant for reintroduction of the endangered herb, Primulina tabacum Hance. Plant Ecology 209(2, Aot):313-320. DOI: ABS: The rare and endangered plant Primulina tabacum is a calciphilous perennial herb found only at the entrances of a small number of ka rst cave drainages in southern China. In a conservation effort, we identi fied potentially suitable habitats and reintroduced P. tabacum plantlets (propagated in vitro) to one historical and two new cave entrances. The tran splanted seedlings survived (10%) at only one new location where a mos s, Gymnostomiella longinervis Broth, existed. Our field observations indicate th at it is probably impossible for this rare plant to naturall y recolonize the places where it went extinct because the habitats have cha nged. Transplanted P. tabacum grew slower than wild P. tabacum The transplanted P. tabacum performed especially well under the cover of the nu rsing moss. Positive interactions between species, i. e., nurse plant ef fects, are important for reintroduction of success. Although light and soil conditions also appeared to be critical for transplantation success the presence of moss should be considered as a useful and convenient ind icator of suitable habitat for P. tabacum This study case suggests that the use of new propagation methods and nurse plants can facilitate the reintroduction of rare and endangered herbs. KW: Conservation, Moss, Nurse plant, Primulina tabacum Reintroduction, Survival rate. RENDOŠ (M.), MIKOV (E.), PJEN K (P.) & MOCK (A.), 2010. Zimovisk netopierov v iernej hore (vchodn Slovensko) [Bat hibernacula in the ierna hora Mts (eastern Slovakia)]. Vespertilio 13/14:133-138. ABS: Winter bat survey was carried out in the ierna hora Mts., eastern Slovakia, in 2007-2010. In total, 24 sites consider ed suitable for bat hibernation (caves, mine adit, road tunnel) were ch ecked. We found 10 bat species ( Rhinolophus ferrumequinum R. hipposideros Myotis myotis M. bechsteinii M. emarginatus M. daubentonii Eptesicus serotinus Barbastella barbastellus Plecotus auritus and P. austriacus ) and two species groups ( Myotis mystacinus complex and Myotis sp.) to hibernate in the area. Barbastella barbastellus Rhinolophus hipposideros R. ferrumequinum Myotis myotis and M. daubentonii were the most frequently found species. Mass aggregations were ob served only at one site; Barbastella barbastellus created groups of up to 180 individuals in the Margeciansky tunnel. Numbers of bats in these a ggregations showed an increasing trend during the period 2008-2010. KW : Hibernation, winter roosts, eastern Slovakia, ierna hora Mts. RENDOŠ (M.) & MOCK (A.), 2010. Aktivita viacnok (Myriapoda) a rovnakonok (Isopoda) v podzem zalesnenho su'ovho svahu NPR Sivec ( ierna hora, Slovensko) [Activity of Myriapoda and Isopoda under the surface of the stony debrise slope covered by limemaple forest in the NNR Sivec ( ierna hora Mts., Slovakia)]:910, in Slovak. In: TAJOVSK (K.), 7. esko slovensk myriapodologick semin esk Bud jovice, esk republika, 8.-9.4.2010, sbornk abstrakt [7th Czech and Slovak worskhop on myriapodology, Ceske Budejovice, Czech Republic, April 8-9, 2010, abstract book], Karel TAJOVSK, ed., ISBN 978-80-86525-18-1. RENDOŠ (M.), MOCK (A.) & UPT IK (P.), 2010. First observation of terrestrial arthropods in superficia l subterranean habitats in Slovakia: vertical distrib ution, seasonal dynamics and temperature:32, poster presentation. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August -3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961269-286-5. ABS: After some studies aimed on the ecology of superficial subterranean habitats (MSS) realised in other parts of Europe we used series of pitfall traps plugged in 110 cm p lastic tubes for investigation of subterranean invertebrate communit ies in the ierna hora Mts., Western Carpathians. The study plot was situa ted in steep limestone


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 91 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 scree slopes covered by linden-maple forest in the valley Mal Runok (NNR Sivec) about 500 m a. s. l. Three tubes with 1 0 traps each placed in the depth from 5 to 95 cm (every 10 cm) under the s urface were installed here during one year (Sept. 2008-Nov. 2009). The tr aps with 4% formalin were checked monthly. Temperature was recorded cont inually by dataloggers along all tubes. Sampled fauna was coun ted and identified on the species or on the higher taxa levels. More then 26000 individuals were found: arthropods and a few specimens of gastr opods and earthworms. Eudominant Collembola (67.5%) were foll owed by Acarina (15.5%), insect larvae (7.5%), Diptera (5.1%) and C oleoptera (1.2%), all the groups were captured along the entire depth gra dient. Opiliones (3 spp.), Oniscidea (5 spp.), Diplopoda (9 spp.), Chil opoda (6 spp.) and Formicoidea (3 spp.) were studied in detail. The ma jority of the representatives live on or closely under the surfac e here. But we found also rare subterranean taxa (isopod Mesoniscus graniger millipede Mecogonopodium carpathicum ). The arthropods from other groups were infrequent and mostly at the surface, but some of t hem were living also deeper (e. g. Aphidinea or Hymenoptera) feeding on tree roots or as carnivores. A high degree of similarity of arthropo d communities in caves and MSS promises good possibilities to collect rare cavernicoles in MSS. Such type of MSS is important as refugium for relic fauna. Animals with large body, or those more sensitive to gently unsta ble microclimate, or those with low competition ability are not dwelling in MSS. The depth of the trap is not crucial, the habitat has specific c limate regime almost up to the surface here. Activity of invertebrates is forc ed by seasonal climate changes and for faunistic studies the end of spring time is the most convenient period. But it is not interrupted during winter or summer. Dynamic microclimate without extremes of the above surface atmosphere is more stable deeper in the debris. The study was supported by the grant Vega 1/0139/09. Republic of Serbia, Ministry of Environment and spa tial planning, 2010. First National Report of the Republic of Serbia to the United Nations Convention on Biologic al Diversity. RIBERA (I.) & FAILLE (A.), 2010. A new microphthalmic stygobitic Graptodytes Seidlitz from Morocco, with a molecular phylogeny of the genus (Coleoptera, Dytiscidae). Zootaxa 2641(October 11):1-14, 6 pl., 29 rf. ABS: We describe Graptodytes eremitus n. sp. (Coleoptera, Dytiscidae), a depigmented, microphthalmic stygobitic species fo und in a pool in the deep area of a cave in the High Atlas of Morocco. T o establish its phylogenetic position we inferred a molecular phylo geny of the genus Graptodytes Seidlitz, using ca. 1.7 Kb of four mitochondrial g enes for 18 of the 23 previously known species and subspecies o f the genus. Graptodytes can be separated in three well supported main line ages, 1) the G. flavipes lineage (apex of median lobe narrow in ventral vie w), 2) the G. granularis lineage (apex of median lobe expanded and strongly asymmetrical in ventral view), and 3) the G. varius lineage (apex of median lobe expanded but symmetrical in ventral vie w). The G. varius lineage includes the G. aequalis and G. varius groups, the latter including G. eremitus n. sp. as sister to G. delectus Wollaston (Canary Islands) plus the G. varius complex. A molecular clock approach, using a calib ration rate of 2.3% divergence/MY for the combined mitocho ndrial sequence, estimated the origin of the diversification within the genus at ca. 7MY (late Miocene), and the origin of G. eremitus n. sp. at ca. 2 MY (PliocenePleistocene boundary). KW: Coleoptera, Dytiscidae, Graptodytes subterranean medium, new species, diving beetle, mo lecular phylogeny. RIDGEWAY (P.), 2010. 2009 Report: "Silent Night" Community Bat Study. The Hills Shire Council 29 March 2010, 29 p. RIERA, RODRIGO, JORGE NEZ &MARA DEL CARMEN BRITO, 2010. Check-list of interstitial polychaetes from intertidal and shallow subtidal so ft bottoms of Tenerife, Canary Islands. Arquiplago Life and Marine Sciences 27(Mai 21):?-?. RIESCH (R. W.), ORANTH (A.), DZIENKO (J.), KARAU (N.), SCHIEL (A.), STADLER (S.), WIGH (A.), ZIMMER (C.), ARIAS-RODRIGUEZ (L.), SCHLUPP (I.) & PLATH (M.), 2010. Extreme habitats are not refuges: poeciliids suffer from increased aerial pr edation risk in sulphidic southern Mexican habitats. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 101(2, October):417-426. DOI: ABS: Extreme environments are often considered a pr edation refuge for organisms living in them. In southern Mexico severa l species of poeciliid fishes are undergoing incipient speciation in a var iety of extreme (i. e. permanently dark and/or sulphidic) freshwater syste ms, and previous research has demonstrated reproductive isolation be tween populations from sulphidic and adjacent benign habitats. In the present study, we investigated bird predation rates (measured as succ essful captures per minute) in two sulphidic surface and several benign surface habitats, to test the hypothesis that extreme habitats are preda tion refuges. We found capture rates to be approximately 20 times higher i n sulphidic environments: probably facilitated by extremophile poeciliids spending most of their time at the water surface, where they engage in aquatic surface respiration as a direct response to hypoxia Even birds that are usually not considered major fish predators regular ly engage in fish predation in the toxic habitats of southern Mexico. Our results demonstrate that extreme environments do not necess arily represent a refuge from predation, and we discuss the general i mportance of predation in driving incipient speciation in these systems. Finally, we hypothesize that natural selection via avian predat ion may play an important role in maintaining reproductive isolatio n between divergent poeciliid populations. KW: Avian predation, diverge nt natural selection, ecological speciation, Egretta thula extremophile fish, hydrogen sulphide, refuge hypothesis. RIESCH (R. W.), PLATH (M.), SCHLUPP (I.) & MARSH-MATTHEWS (E.), 2010. Matrotrophy in the cave molly: an unexpected provisioning strategy in an extreme environment. Revue Evolutionary Ecology 24(4):789-801. DOI: ABS: Maternal provisioning of animal embryos may be entirely through yolk deposited in the unfertilized egg (lecithotrophy) or may include post-fertilization nutrient transfer (m atrotrophy) in varying degrees. Current theory suggests that the extent of post-fertilization provisioning is resource-dependent, with higher lev els of matrotrophy being advantageous in more productive environments. In this study, we investigated post-fertilization embryo provisioning in a livebearing fish, Poecilia mexicana from two different habitats (a toxic cave and a n ontoxic surface habitat) that impose different energe tic demands and therefore differ in resources available for reprodu ction. We predicted that fish in the benign habitat would be more matrotroph ic than those from the toxic cave. We used two different techniques for th is assay: (1) the matrotrophy-index analysis (MI) for field-collected fish and (2) both MI and radio-tracer assay for laboratory-reared female s. According to the interpretation of the matrotrophy index, both popul ations are purely lecithotrophic, while the radio-tracer assay found females from both populations to actively transfer nutrients to devel oping embryos at approximately the same rate. Our results suggest th at P. mexicana which was traditionally classified as lecithotrophic, is capable of incipient matrotrophy, and that matrotrophy can contribute to embryo provisioning even in populations from resource-limited environme nts. Furthermore, the analysis of laboratory-reared animals provides evidence for a genetic component to the large offspring size in cave molli es, which had so far only been described from the field. Specifically, o ur results suggest matrotrophy occurs in species interpreted as lecith otrophic using the MI approach. Hence, to avoid misclassification, both t echniques should ideally be employed in concert, rather than individ ually. Finally, our results provide further insights into the possible evolutionary pathway from lecithotrophic oviparity to matrotrophic vivip arity. KW: Incipient matrotrophy, Matrotrophy index, Poecilia mexicana Poeciliidae, Radiotracer assay, Viviparity. RIMER (R. L.) & BRIGGLER (J. T.), 2010. Occurrence of the amphibian chytrid fungus ( Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis ) in Ozark caves, Missouri, USA. Herpetological Review 41(2):175-177. RITT (B.), 2010. cologie de la faune associe aux missions de fluides froids de Mditerrane orientale profond e Ecology of the fauna associated with cold-seeps in the deep eastern Mediterranean Sea. PhD Thesis, Univers it de Bretagne Occidentale. RIVALTA (G.), 2010. CNSS-SSI: 48 corso di III livello di Biospeleologia, a Pertosa (SA). SottoTerra anno 49,


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 92 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 130(Gennaio/Giugno):102. RIZZO (V.), COMAS (J.), FADRIQUE (F.), FRESNEDA (J.) & RIBERA (I.), 2010. Evolution and phylogeny of the subterranean genus Troglocharinus (Coleoptera, Leiodidae, Leptodirini):159-160, poster presentatio n. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICS B 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: Among Coleoptera, the tribe Leptodirini (Leiodidae, Chole vinae) includes some 240 genera and 1800 exclusively subterranean specie s that present morphologic and physiological characters related to the endogean habitat: blindness, depigmentation, typical "pholeunoid" or "batiscioid" morphologies, size reduction, or changes in physiol ogy and life cycle. They are mainly distributed in the north side of th e Mediterranean area, from the Iberian peninsula to the Middle East. Desp ite continuous attention from entomologists for the last two centu ries, their phylogenetic relationships and evolutionary origin remain contro versial. In this work we study the phylogeny and diversification of the g enus Troglocharinus a member of the recently identified monophyletic Py renean clade of Leptodirini, largely corresponding to the tradition al Speonomus series. The genus Troglocharinus presents a disjunct distribution, with twenty species distributed in the coastal ranges of Catalo nia (Garraf, San Llorenc del Munt i Obac and Montserrat), and twelve in the pre-Pyrenees (Serra del Montsec de Rubies, Serra del Boumort, Alt Urgel l and Serra de Lleras), with a single isolated species in Alto Ara gon. Due to the strong convergence of external morphological characters an d the abundance and intraspecific variability of some taxa the taxonomy of the genus has been very unstable. We aim to establish a robust phyloge ny to study the evolution of this extensive subterranean species ra diation, and to provide a temporal framework for the diversification of var ious lineages and the colonization of the geographical areas in which the y occur. For that purpose we use molecular phylogenies of six mitocho ndrial (cox1, cob, rrnL, trnL and nad1) and two nuclear (SSU and LSU) genes. Preliminary results using eleven species and seven subspecies s how the respective monophyly of the Pyrenean and the coastal clades wi th a strong geographical structuring within each of them, sugge sting the existence of multiple independent evolutionary lineages and the need of a deep taxonomic reordination of the genus. RODHOUSE (T. J.) & WRIGHT (R. G.), 2010. Study of bat roosts in John Day Fossil Beds National Monumen t 2003: Upper Columbia Basin Network. Natural Resourc e Technical Report NPS/UCBN/NRTR-2010/305. National Park Service, Fort Collins, Colorado. RODRGUEZ-DURN (A.), PREZ (J.), MONTALBN (M. A.) & SANDOVAL (J. M.), 2010. Predation by FreeRoaming Cats on an Insular Population of Bats. Acta Chiropterologica 12(2, December):359-362. DOI: ABS: Freeroaming cats are known to adversely impact native f aunas in the areas where they have been introduced, an impact that is even greater on islands. We examine the predation of bats by cats a t Culebrones cave, Puerto Rico, West Indies. Culebrones cave is a hot cave located in the karst region of northern Puerto Rico. The temperatu re gradient inside the cave sustains a multi-species assemblage of bats co nsisting of approximately 300000 individuals of six species, na mely: Brachyphylla cavernarum Erophylla bombifrons Monophyllus redmani Mormoops blainvillei Pteronotus quadridens and Pteronotus parnellii Even though rats are often their primary prey, cats will use al ternative prey, which enables them to maintain their abundance when one p rey is not available. In Puerto Rico, birds and reptiles are known to be preyed upon by cats. Although cats are commonly observed in or around ba t caves in Puerto Rico, this is the first systematic attempt to evalu ate their role as bat predators. We made observations of the hunting stra tegy of cats using an infrared camera and recorded the number of wings le ft as remains of these hunting bouts. Wings were identified to speci es. Cat scats were also recovered and examined to identify prey species. Ou r results suggest that captures of different species of bats is not a func tion of their abundance in the cave. While M. blainvillei (11 g) and P. quadridens (5 g) are the most abundant species in the cave, B. cavernarum (50 g) and M. redmani (11 g) are captured in greater numbers by the cats. KW: Islands, tropical bats, predation, cats, foraging behavior. ROLET (A.), 2010. Prote en trompe-l'œil. Presses universitaires de Rennes, ROLLAND (C.), 2010. Bibliographie sur les micromammifres de Rhne-alpes. Nos rseaux Micromammifres. Extrait du CORA Faune Sauvage, Date de mise en ligne: Lundi 2 Mars 2009, Copyright CORA Faune Sauvage, 20 p. ROMERO (A.), CONNER (M. S.) & VAUGHAN (G. L.), 2010. Population Status of the Southern Cavefish, Typhlichthys subterraneus in Arkansas. Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science 64:106-110. ABS: We summarize the results of our study on the status of the southern cavefish ( Typhlichthys subterraneus ) in Arkansas. Its presence in the state represents the western-southern limits of its distr ibution. Four localities have been confirmed that contain individuals of thi s species: Richardson Cave (Fulton County), Alexander Cave/Clark Spring ( Stone County), Ennis Cave (Stone County), and Lake Norfork (Baxter County). A fifth locality has been cited as a well in Randolph Count y, but because the exact location is unknown, its presence has not bee n confirmed. A number of unconfirmed localities for "cavefishes" i n the region has not been included in this report. Populations of this s pecies in Arkansas seem to be small (less than 100 individuals) which is co mmon among populations of hypogean amblyopsids elsewhere. All the confirmed localities are in areas either under controlled acc ess by the private owners or by the federal government. No immediate threat t o these populations was found by either overcollecting or other anthrop ogenic causes. Yet long-term monitoring of the recharge zones is recom mended. ROONEY (D. C.), HUTCHENS (E.), CLIPSON (N.), BALDINI (J.) & McDERMOTT (F.), 2010. Microbial Community Diversity of Moonmilk Deposits at Ballynamintra Cave, Co. Waterford, Ireland. Microbial Ecology 60(4):753-761. DOI: ABS: Caves are extreme and specialised habitats for terrestria l life that sometimes contain moonmilk, a fine-grained paste-like seconda ry mineral deposit that is found in subterranean systems worldwide. Wh ile previous studies have investigated the possible role of microorganis ms in moonmilk precipitation, the microbial community ecology of m oonmilk deposits is poorly understood. Bacterial and fungal community s tructure associated with four spatially isolated microcrystalline, acic ular calcite moonmilk deposits at Ballynamintra Cave (S. Ireland) was inv estigated during this study. Statistical analyses revealed significant di fferences in microbial activity, number of bacterial species, bacterial ri chness and diversity, and fungal diversity (Shannon's diversity) among the mo onmilk sites over an area of approximately 2.5 m2. However, the number of fungal species and fungal community richness were unaffected by sampli ng location. SIMPER analysis revealed significant differences in bacterial and fungal community composition among the sampling sites. The se data suggest that a rich assemblage of microorganisms exists ass ociated with moonmilk, with some spatial diversity, which may re flect small-scale spatial differences in cave biogeochemistry. ROQUES (A.), 2010. Dictyoptera (Blattodea, Isoptera), Orthoptera, Phasmatodea and Dermaptera. Chapter 13. 3. In: ROQUES (A.) & al., Alien terrestrial arthropods of Europe. BioRisk 4(2):807-831. DOI: ROTHE (B. H.) & SCHMIDT-RHAESA (A.), 2010. Structure of the nervous system in Tubiluchus troglodytes (Priapulida). Invertebrate Biology 129(1, Winter):39-58. DOI: ABS: The nervous system of the meiobenthic priapuli d species Tubiluchus troglodytes is described by immunohistochemistry and confocal laser scanning microscopy. The brain is ci rcumpharyngeal, consisting of a central ring of neuropil and both a nterior and posterior somata. From the brain emerges a ventral nerve cord which shows ganglion-like swellings in the neck and caudal regi on. The introvert includes longitudinal neurite bundles running below and between the rows of scalids, with a small cluster of sensory ce lls under each scalid. In the body wall of the neck and trunk region, longitu dinal and circular neurite bundles are present in an orthogonal patter n. The tail is innervated from the caudal swelling of the ventral nerve cord; it also includes


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 93 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 longitudinal and circular bundles in an orthogonal pattern. The pharynx has a reticulated systemof neurite bundles running between the pharyngeal teeth and fimbrillae. Below each tooth a nd fimbrilus is a ganglion-like cluster of somata. The intestine is s urrounded by a nerve net. The data on the nervous system are compared wi thin other priapulids and with other species of Scalidophora (Kinorhyncha and Loricifera). ADK: Priapulida, brain, immunohistochemistry, Scali dophora. R I KA (V.), 2010. Central European spiders adapted to life in subterranean habitats:33. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slove nia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: Many species of macroarthropods have colonized various types of subterranean habitats. T hese are, for example, voids in soil layers, clastic river and slope sedim ents, stony accumulations, young volcanic deposits, old sedimen tary and metamorphic bedrock, lava tubes in consolidated lav a flows, and typical pseudokarst and karst caves. Morphological adaptati ons of arthropods to life in subterranean habitats can be subdivided int o edaphomorphisms and troglomorphisms. Edaphomorphisms, i. e., adaptation s to life in subsurface interior voids in soil are usually manif ested as body diminishing and sometimes also vermiform elongation shortening of appendages, reduction or rearrangement of chaetotax y and sensory organs. In contrast, troglomorphisms, i. e., adapta tions to life in relatively large spaces, are characteristic by elongation of a ppendages, and hypertrophy of chaetotaxy and sensory organs. Depig mentation, desclerotization, and reduction of eyes are common for both these groups of adaptations. In Central Europe, we register some of these adaptations in eighteen species of spiders, and eight of them a re representatives of the genus Porrhomma They inhabit leaf litter, ant's nests, deep soil layers, void systems under soil surface, scree voids, and c aves. Some of them are specialised to only one exclusive type of subterran ean habitat, in contrast some others were recorded in several types of subte rranean habitats. Bathyphantes eumenis buchari inhabits exclusively deep scree layers. Porrhomma profundum was recorded exclusively in caves. Porrhomma microps was recorded in leaf litter, deep soil layers and caves. Porrhomma myops has edaphomorphic populations in voids of deep soi l layers, and troglomorphic populations in scree void s and caves. Hotspots of subterranean biodiversity, such as Postojna-Plan ina Cave System, harbour highly specialized, fascinating creatures t hat we can encounter at the end of their long-term subterranean evolution. On the contrary, temperate latitudes of the northern hemisphere lyin g in the former Pleistocene periglacial zone harbour invertebrates at the very beginning of their underground evolution. These subterranean habitats are natural laboratories in which we can study early phases of underground evolution of troglobionts. R I KA (V.), LAŠKA (V.), MIKULA (J.) & TUF (I. H.), 2010. Soil spiders?:386-387. In: 18th International Congress of Arachnology, University of Podlasie & International Society of Arachnology, Siedlce, Pola nd, 1117 July 2010, Book of Abstracts, editor: Marek 9 ABKA, ISBN: 978-83-7051-575-1, 507 p. SAFDIE (G.), FARRAH (I. Y.), YAHIA (R.), MARVA (E.), WILAMOWSKI (A.), SAWALHA (S. S.), WALD (N.), SCHMIEDEL (J.), MOTER (A.), GBEL (U. B.), BERCOVIER (H.), ABDEEN (Z.), ASSOUS (M. V.) & FISHMAN (Y.), 2010. Molecular Characterization of Borrelia persica the Agent of Tick Borne Relapsing Fever in Israel and the Palestinian Authority. PLoS One 5(11, November 24):e14105. DOI: SALGADO (J. M.) & FRESNEDA (J.), 2010. Un nuevo troglobio de la regin Cantbrica: Quaestus (Speogeus) jubilationis n. sp. (Coleoptera: Leiodidae: Cholevinae: Leptodirini). Heteropterus Revista de Entomologa 10(2):99-106. RES: Se describe una nueva especie perteneciente al subgnero Speogeus Salgado, 1986, Quaestus (Speogeus) jubilationis s. sp. Se discute su posicin taxonmica, tomando como base de diferenciacin los caracteres morfolgicos, el deag o y el complejo espermatecal. Se propone una nueva clave para las e species de este subgnero. SAMBUGAR (B.), FERRARESE (U.), MARTNEZANSEMIL (E.) (E.), STOCH (F.), TOMASIN (G.) & ZULLINI (A.), 2010. La fauna acquatica delle grotte del Complesso dei Piani Eterni e Isabella nel Parco Naz ionale Dolomiti Bellunesi:7-32. In: AA.VV., Fauna acquatica ipogea, Ortotteri e Chirotteri del Parco Nazionale Dolomiti Bellunesi. Parco Nazionale Dolomiti Bellunesi. SANDOVAL (J. M.) & RODRGUEZ-DURN (A.), 2010. Metabolic rates, nutritional state, and thermoregul atory behavior of Molossus :275. In: 15th International Bat Research Conference, Prague, 22-27 August 2010, the conference manual: Programme, abstracts, list of participants, edited by: Ivan HOR EK and Petr BENDA, ISBN 978-80-87154-46-5, 380 p. ABS: Preliminary data is presented on metabolic rates and thermoregu latory behavior for two species of bats in the neotropical island of Pu erto Rico in the West Indies, Molossus molossus (Molossidae) and Brachyphylla cavernarum (Phyllostomidae). Molossus molossus roosts predominantly in antropogenic structures where it is exposed to wide variations in ambient temperature. Brachyphylla cavernarum is a cave dwelling species roosting in microclimaticallystable environments. B ody temperature was measured at the beginning and end of each experimen t and, in the case of M. molossus upon departure and return to the roost. Oxygen consumption experiments began eight to ten hours fo llowing capture and were terminated before the beginning of the next fo raging period. All B. cavernarum were allowed to feed the night before the experime nt. Half of all M. molossus were deprived of food the night before the experim ents. Resting metabolic rate for M. molossus is 1.17 ml O2 g–1 hr–1, and 1.01 ml O2 g–1 hr–1 for B. cavernarum Both species closely regulate body temperature. We found differences in oxygen consump tion based on the nutritional state of bats. SANZ MUOZ (S.), 2010. Analysis of nuclear markers in two species with highly divergent mtDNA lineages in Iceland. ITS in Crangonyx islandicus EF alpha in Apatania zonella LF016M Research project in biology for foreign students Teacher: Snbjrn Plsson Univ ersity of Iceland Life and Environmental Sciences. 51 p. ABS: This project is a study of variation in two nuclear mark ers in two arthropods ( Crangonyx islandicus and Apatania zonella ). Both species have been found to have highly divergent mtDNA lineages withi n Iceland. Crangonyx islandicus is an endemic groundwater amphipod species recently discovered in Iceland. Based on variation in mtDNA genes, COI and 16S RNA, Kornobis & al., 2010 concluded that th is species had survived glaciations periods in sub-glacial refugia The mtDNA variation defined several monophyletic groups, restricted to different geographic regions in Iceland and which have diverged in Icela nd for up to 4-5 Million years. This was supported by a correlation between genetic and geographic distances among species. In this study w e look at the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) gene, a piece of non-funct ional RNA situated between structural ribosomal RNAs (rRNA). The resul ts show different patterns from the mtDNA results in Kornobis & al., 2010, with a major split between two populations, between north and so uthern Iceland, and different partition among samples in southern popul ations. The main difference is characterized by a large size differe nce of the ITS1 region due to insertion or deletion, a highly variable mic rosatellite was funs within this region. The second part of the project is based in the study of Apatania zonella a caddisflie (Trichoptera), a circumpolar species which lives at high latitudes, in cold-clear water, strea ms, lakes and marshes. This study is a continuation of a previous study "M itochondrial variation of the caddisflies Apatania zonella and Potamphylax cingulatus (Sanz, 2010). The former study showed that Iceland acts as a zone of admixture, where two populations of A. zonella with distinct mtDNA types have arrived, from both ends of its range distribution, one from North America and the other from Europe. In this study we use a n uclear marker, EF alpha, in order to know whether the structure obtai ned by mtDNA in North America and Europe, is reflected in a nuclear marker and also to verify whether individuals in Iceland of different geographic origin as defined by mtDNA have interbred in Iceland. The res ults show less clear structure with EF alpha than found in mtDNA. Popula tions could be sexual or asexual depending on the country. Moreove r, results show the rate of evolution of EF alpha is slower than COI's rate.


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 94 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 SARELL (M.), 2010. Lillooet Bat Inventory. Western Canadian Bat Network Newsletter 17(Autumn):8. SCHEPETOV (D. M.), MUGUE (N. S.) & LJOVUSHKIN (S. I.), 2010. On molecular phylogeny of Niphargus from the West Transcaucasus:66, poster presentation. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICS B 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: Of all European subterranean invertebrates, the genus Niphargus Schidte, 1849 (Crustacea, Amphipoda) had traditionally attracted the attention of most researchers, being the largest one among freshwater amphipods, with over 300 described species and subspecies. The majo rity of species were described in the middle of the 20th century, but much was left undiscovered. Further problems occurred to interrel ation of ongoing studies on Caucasus and Crimea, due to the lack of material and information exchange between Soviet and European sc ientific community. Many species from Transcaucasus were des cribed as closely related to European ones, yet the validity of these may be doubted, as traits used for description were not completely ove rlapping. In-region taxonomic relations were not clear, too. In our res earch we try to understand the formation of the genus Niphargus on the Caucasus by using of molecular phylogenetic analyses. Samples f rom nine locations along Transcaucasian shoreline were taken and ident ified by morphological means and processed for further resea rch. We used H3 and 28S nuclear and COI mitochondrial molecular markers for our study to get reliable data on different taxonomic resolution As a result we succeeded in resolving existing uncertainties the t axonomic relations of Niphargus smirnovi Birstein, 1952 and Niphargus stygius Schidte, 1847 ( Niphargus stygius latimanus Birstein, 1952, Niphargus stygius pseudolatimanus Birstein, 1952 and Niphargus stygius longidactylus Birstein, 1952). What has been referred to as N. stygius subspecies should be treated as subspecies of N. smirnovi and appears to be completely separate from the real N. stygius Furthermore, not yet having samples of all species known to inhabit the Caucasus we can al ready be sure that niphargids inhabiting this region are polyphyletic and their invasion to the territory and following speciation was of the stepby-step type. SCHMIDT (S. I.), KREFT (J. U.), AVRAMOV (M.), GRIEBLER (C.), HAHN (H. J.) & HUMPHREYS (W. F.), 2010. Is there actually enough (import of) carbon in(to) the groundwater system to support the microb ial and faunal numbers that we see?:34, poster presentation In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICS B 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: Groundwater fauna and microorganisms (both prokaryotic and euka ryotic) use organic material, dead or alive, as food source. The ground water food web is most likely bottom-up regulated since resources are usually so low that they are probably limiting, and in many cases resou rces might be sparse enough to only support just the lowest trophic leve l, namely microorganisms. This might be part of the explanati on why fauna occurs in such a patchy pattern. The system being probably bottom up-regulated also raises other questions, such as: how much reso urce is needed to cover at least the maintenance energy in microbes, then how much resource is needed for microbial growth, and how mu ch microbial growth is needed for protists and for sediment fauna to es tablish populations? And how much resource leads to which complexity of the food web? We tackle these questions first by testing whether our data contradict or support the hypothesis of the 10% energy efficiency ratio between subsequent trophic levels in groundwater. We chose one of the very few field sites from which detailed faunal and microbio logical data are available, the Rur/Erft site described recently by Stein et al. in 2010, to test this hypothesis. SCHULDT (A.), DREES (C.), DRESCHER (N.), SCHFER (K.) & ASSMANN (T.), 2010. What determines subterranean ground beetle diversity in the West Palaearctic? A macroecological approach using country-based distribution data (Coleoptera: Carabidae):160-161. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August -3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961269-286-5. ABS: Potential impacts of historical and contempora ry environmental conditions on the distribution of sub terranean carabids in the western Palaearctic have been studied using spe cies richness and environmental data on a country level. Regression m odels and variation partitioning showed a strong relationship between s pecies richness and range in elevation. Potential effects of climatic v ariables, mainly those related to ambient energy input, were much weaker. These results are in contrast to conclusions from other studies regardin g the determinants of distribution patterns of subterranean biodiversity. Historical climatic events (e. g. the distribution of permafrost ground s in Europe during the glacial periods) seem to have strong influence on p resent-day distribution patterns (especially on the northern limit of subte rranean species) as already suggested (but not tested) by Holdhaus some decades ago. The (significant) decrease of subterranean diversity to wards the southern Mediterranean region and the Sahara-Arabian desert belt is doubtlessly more difficult to explain. Especially the new findi ngs from the Middle East reveal the possibility of a bulk of not yet de scribed species and indicate the need of further studies for a better u nderstanding of distribution patterns of subterranean ground beetle s. SCHULZ-MIRBACH (T.), LADICH (F.), RIESCH (R.) & PLATH (M.), 2010. Otolith morphology and hearing abilities in caveand surface-dwelling ecotypes of the Atlantic molly, Poecilia mexicana (Teleostei: Poeciliidae). Hearing Research 267(1/2, August 1):137-148. DOI: ABS: Cave fish have rarely been investigated with regard to t heir inner ear morphology, hearing abilities, and acoustic communi cation. Based on a previous study that revealed morphological differen ces in the saccular otolith between a cave and two surface populations of Poecilia mexicana we checked for additional differences in utricular and lagenar otoliths and tested whether different populations have similar h earing sensitivities. We found pronounced differences in the shape of all three otoliths. Otoliths of the saccule and lagena from cave fish d iffered from those of surface fish in the features of the face oriented t owards the sensory epithelium. In addition, otoliths of the utricle an d lagena were significantly heavier in cave fish. Auditory sensit ivities were measured between 100 and 1500 Hz, utilizing the auditory evo ked potential recording technique. We found similar hearing abili ties in cave and surface fish, with greatest sensitivity between 200 and 300 Hz. An acoustic survey revealed that neither ecotype produ ced species-specific sounds. Our data indicate that cave dwelling altere d the otolith morphology in Atlantic mollies, probably due to met abolic differences. Different otolith morphology, however, did not affe ct general auditory sensitivity or acoustic behavior. SCHET (E.) & NOL (F.), 2010. Liste des espces de Cloportes (Crustacea, Isopoda, Oniscidea) prsentes dans le dpartement de Maine-et-Loire. Donnes historiqu es et contemporaines. Fiche de Novembre 2007, mise jour en Fvrier 2010, 4 p. SECKBACH (J.) & CHAPMAN (D. J.), 2010. Red Algae in the Genomic Age. Cellular Origin, Life in Extreme Habitats and Astrobiology. 13. ISBN 978-90-481-3794-7. e-ISBN 978-90-481-3795-4. DOI: Springer, Dordrecht, Heidelberg, London, New York. 498 p. Voi r: REEB (V.) & BHATTACHARYA (D.), The Thermo-Acidophilic Cyanidiophyceae (Cyanidiales):411-426. ABS: This volume covers the modern biology and the speci ation of the red algae (Rhodophyta) from unicellular Cyanidia up to macrocellular sea weeds. A team of peer reviewers has reviewed all ch apters. The chapters describe a range of topics from cave algae from Ata cama, Chile, to genomes of red algae. Some chapters deal with the c arbohydrates, physiological mechanisms, and realtionship between red algae and neurodegenerative disease. Other chapters deal with organellar nuclear genes and taxonomic revision. Emphasis is placed up on the rhodophytan chloroplast, its origin, evolution, division machin ery and pigmentation. The reader will find in this book lots of new infor mation on the red algae.


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 95 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 SEMENCHENKO (K. A.), 2010. Water mites (Hydrachnidia) from interstitial habitats of the Ru ssian Far East and their relationship with faunas of adjacent lands:143. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August -3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961269-286-5. ABS: Recently only four species of water mites in t he genus Wandesia were known from the interstitial waters of the Russ ian Far East. During subsequent investigations of inter stitial fauna some interesting new records were obtained. The genera Amerothyasella, Stygomomonia and Uchidastygacarus were reported from Russia for the first time and three new species in these genera we re described. Two taxa of the genus Feltria ( F aculeata and F cornuta rossica ), found in superficial waters, are presumably also interstitia l, as are the remaining representatives of the species-groups ( denticulata and cornuta -group respectively), to which they belong. Two undescribe d species in the genera Chappuisides and Nudomideopsis collected from river sediments at a depth of about 1 m are being investigated. It is the first report of these genera from Russia. The fauna of interstitial water mites from the Russian Far East is more closely related to those of Japan and North America. One of the above mentioned genera ( Amerothyasella ) is known only from the present territory and North America, the other one ( Uchidastygacarus ) is also widely distributed on the Japanese Archipelago. Two genera inhabiting exclusively inte rstitial waters ( Stygomomonia and Chappuisides ) have a Holarctic distribution. However, a majority of species belonging to these g enera is known from Japan and North America, and a few from Europe. The other genera ( Feltria Nudomideopsis and Wandesia ) are cosmopolitan. The first of these genera contains mainly superficial species, w hereas the second and third contain interstitial species. Supported by: R ussian Foundation for Basic Research grant 09-04-98544 and Far Eastern Br anch of Russian Academy of Sciences grant 10-III-B-06-104. SEMIKOLENNYKH (A. A.), RAKHLEEVA (A.) & POPUTNIKOVA (T.), 2010. An environmental impact assessment of spent calcium carbide disposal in cav es and mines:91. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August -3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961269-286-5. ABS: We studied the environmental impact of wastes derived from calcium carbide, which is widely used for generating acetylene in industry and speleology. It was shown that spent carbide is toxic for biota and harmful to cave ecosystems and the surrounding environment. The toxic components of spent carbide waste were found to include calcium hydroxide, strontium and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. The toxicity of spent carbide decline d only slowly over time, with toxicity still present in 13-year-old sa mples. Spent carbide should be disposed of with great care to ensure tha t it cannot be disseminated into natural water systems. SEMIKOLENNYKH (A. A.) & TARGULIAN (V. O.), 2010. Soil-like bodies of autochemolithotrophic ecosystems in the caves of the Kugitangtau Ridge, e astern Turkmenistan. Pochvovedenie 6:658-672. VAGAKJEO6G SEMIKOLENNYKH (A. A.) & TARGULIAN (V. O.), 2010. Soil-like bodies of autochemolithotrophic ecosystems in the caves of the Kugitangtau Ridge, e astern Turkmenistan. Eurasian Soil Science 43(6, Juin):614-627. DOI: ABS: Ecosystems, in which the role of primary producers is played not by the photosynthetically active plants, but by the autoch emolithotrophic microorganisms utilizing the chemical energy instea d of the solar energy, have been described in the caves of eastern Turkmen istan. The zones of contact and interaction between the microorganisms and the mineral substrate perform the regulative, structuring, and bioaccumulative functions of surface soils. These zones have a vert ically anisotropic profile forming in situ. Their functional and struc tural specificity makes it possible to consider them as bio-abiotic natural so il-like bodies and to apply the methods of pedology for their study. Orig inal Russian Text SEMIKOLENNYKH (A. A.) & TARGULIAN (V. O.), 2010, pu blished in Pochvovedenie 6:658-672. SENDRA (A.), MOLDOVAN (O. T.), BALLESTEROS (B. J.), DOMNGUEZ-SNCHEZ (J. A.), TERUEL (S.), URIOS (G.), JAUME (D.), REBOLEIRA (A. S. P. S.) & GILGADO (J. D.), 2010. Discovery of stygobiotic crustaceans in boreholes at the Deep Jurassic aquif er of El Maestrazgo (S. E. Spain):144-145, poster presentati on. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICS B 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: Random sampling of groundwaters through 100 to 350m-deep b oreholes at the Deep Jurassic aquifer of El Maestrazgo, a region pl aced close to the Mediterranean coastline in the Spanish Levant, has rendered surprising results, including several stygobiotic crustacean s pecies among Copepoda, Amphipoda, Isopoda and Decapoda. These di scoveries have opened new perspectives to the biological study of deep karstic aquifers. More than ten years ago, the Spanish Geological Sur vey (IGME) at Valencia started to work on the delimitation, exten sion and connections of El Maestrazgo aquifer, and also on the hydrochem ical characterization of the groundwater. This aquifer occupies more than 2400 km2 of carbonate rocks ranging from Jurassic to lower Cret aceous in age in the northern half of the province of Castellon. The aqu ifer reaches between 450 to 800 m in depth, showing high permeability de rived from fissuration and karstification. A year ago, a team of biologists belonging to different research institutions from Spain, Roma nia and Portugal joined IGME hydrogeologists to study the relationship betw een the groundwater fauna and the spatial and temporal variation observ ed in several hydrochemical parameters. This was carried out samp ling periodically at several depths in deep boreholes, including the fre shwater-saltwater interface. The aquifer has few natural openings ena bling sampling of aquatic fauna (subterranean rivers or springs), thu s the use of deep boreholes is almost compulsory. Ten out of 68 boreh oles were considered for biological sampling, which was carried out with two Nytex nets of 140 < m mesh size and 25 and 10 cm in diameter and 50 and 20 cm length, respectively, both provided with a collecti on bottle. Until now we have recorded several sygobiotic species of copepod s, amphipods, isopods ( Thyphlocirolana sp.) and decapods ( Thyphlatya miravetiensis ), also known to be present in several caves in the ar ea. SERAFINO (G.), 2010. Les ponges. N1 bio-ASD122010/11. SERRANO (A. R. M.) & BORGES (P. A. V.), 2010. The cave-adapted arthropod fauna from Madeira archipela go. Arquiplago. Arquiplago Life and Marine Sciences 27(Mai 21):1-7. ABS: This work provides an overview of the hypogean fauna from the Madeira archipelago, presen ting a list of obligated cave-dwelling species. A total of 6 trogl obiont species in 5 orders have been described to date. The cave fauna in Madeira can be considered poor when compared with either the local epigean fauna or the cave fauna of other Macaronesian archipelagos. Curi ous is the occurrence of one wood-louse cave species ( Trichoniscus bassoti ), which apparently is the only troglobite living in more than one Maca ronesian archipelago (Canaries and Madeira). Major problems related to t he conservation of cave fauna are discussed, but it is clear that the protection of this specialized fauna requires the adequate management of surface habitats. KW: Cavalum, Coleoptera, lava tubes, Machico, trogl obiont species. ŠEV K (M.), BENDA (P.) & UHRIN (M.), 2010. Rhinolophus euryale in Slovakia: Current status of a population living at the margin of the species dist ribution range:282. In: 15th International Bat Research Conference, Prague, 22-27 August 2010, the conference manual: Programme, abstracts, list of participants, edited by: Ivan HOR EK and Petr BENDA, ISBN 978-80-87154-46-5, 380 p. ABS: Rhinolophus euryale reaches in the region between Western Carpathians and Pannonian Lowland northern margin of its distribution range. That population is isolated fro m the main range in the Mediterranean; it occurs in a geographically limite d area of southern Slovakia and northeastern Hungary. Current data on its distribution (more than 600 records from almost 80 sites) including an alysis of spatial and


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 96 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 temporal population changes are presented. Slovakia n population is divided to 2-3 (isolated?) subpopulations occurring in separated roost systems (hibernacula transient roosts maternity roosts). Based on a revision of data from maternity colonies, the proce ss of synanthropisation is discussed. Among 16 maternity roosts, majority a re situated in attics (10, i. e. 62.5%), while 6 in underground (4 caves, 2 mines). A question remains, if the increasing number of colonies detec ted in man-made aboveground roosts is a function of population grow th or a change of roost strategy in this species at its dsitribution margin. ŠEV K (M.), KRIŠTOFK (J.), UHRIN (M.) & BENDA (P.), 2010. New records of ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) parasitising on bats in Slovakia. Vespertilio 13/14:139147. ABS: New records of ticks of the family Ixodidae ( Ixodes simplex and I. vespertilionis ), parasitising on bats in Slovakia, are presented. These records also include evidences of new bat hos t species for the respective parasites; i. e. Ixodes simplex found on Rhinolophus hipposideros Ixodes vespertilionis on Nyctalus noctula Myotis mystacinus and Pipistrellus cf. pygmaeus The first record of Ixodes ricinus parasitising on a bat ( Rhinolophus euryale ) in Slovakia is also reported. KW: Ectoparasites, Chiroptera, new record s, new host, habitats. SHEAR (W. A.), 2010. Hesperonemastoma smilax n. sp., a remarkable new harvestman from a cave in West Virgi nia, with comments on other reported cave-dwelling and Hesperonemastoma species (Opiliones, Ischyropsalidoidea, Sabaconidae). Journal of Cave and Karst Studies 72(2, August):105-110. DOI: ABS: Hesperonemastoma smilax n. sp., is a minute, highly troglomorphic harvestman described herein from a single male spec imen collected in McClung's Cave, Greenbrier County, West Virginia. Hesperonemastoma species described previously from caves are briefly discussed. H. packardi (Roewer), first collected in a shallow cave in Uta h, is a widely distributed surface-dwelling species found mostly i n riparian canyon habitats in northern Utah; it shows no troglomorphi c adaptations. Hesperonemastoma inops (Packard), described from a cave in Kentucky, is not a species of Hesperonemastoma but most likely a juvenile of Sabacon cavicolens (Packard), which was described from the same small cave. Hesperonemastoma pallidimaculosum (Goodnight & Goodnight) is a moderately adapted troglobiont known from two cav es in Alabama. SHEAR (W. A.), 2010. New species and records of ortholasmatine harvestmen from Mxico, Honduras, an d the western United States (Opiliones, Nemastomatida e, Ortholasmatinae). ZooKeys 52:9-45. DOI: ABS: The genus Trilasma Goodnight & Goodnight, 1942 is reinstated for Mexi can ortholasmatines, and Cladolasma Suzuki, 1963 is reinstated for two species from Japan and Thailand, C. parvula Suzuki, comb. n. and C. angka (Schwendinger & Gruber), comb. n. Eight new specie s in the subfamily Ortholasmatinae Shear & Gruber, 1983 are described, as follows: Ortholasma colossus sp. n. is from California, Trilasma tempestado sp. n., T. hidalgo sp. n., T. trispinosum sp. n., T. ranchonuevo sp. n., T. petersprousei sp. n. and T. chipinquensis sp. n. are from Mxico, and T. tropicum sp. n. from Honduras, the farthest south for a dys pnoan harvestman in the New World. A new distribution rec ord for Martensolasma jocheni Shear, 2006 is given. The recently described Upper Cretaceous amber fossil Halitherses grimaldii Giribet & Dunlop, 2005 is not a member of the Ortholasmatinae, but is likely a troguloidean of an undiagnosed family. KW: Ortholasma Dendrolasma Trilasma Cladolasma Halitherses amber, fossil, California, Sierra Nevada, Nuevo Len, Tamaulipas, Hidalgo, Veracruz, Honduras, Japa n, Thailand, new species, new combination. SHEPPARD (D.), 2010. Insect life in caves and the biology of Tissue and Herald moths:67. In: British Cave Res earch Association, Abstracts from the BCRA Summer Cave Biology Field Meeting, 8 September 2010, Arncliffe Village Hall and Scoska Cave, Littondale, Yorkshire UK. Cave and Karst Science 37(2, this issue has a cover date of August 2010 and was published in December 2010). ABS: The invertebrate faunas of caves have been studied throughout the world. Some species are strongly adapted to life in perpet ual darkness whereas others are clearly adapted to life outside of caves This presentation will focus on the invertebrate cave faunas that are foun d in the British Isles. It will give a brief overview of the kinds of inverteb rates that live in caves and those that use caves during part of their life cycles. It will examine what features of caves are important for invertebra tes and how invertebrates are adapted to life in caves. SIDOROV (D. A.), 2010. Pseudocrangonyctidae (Crustacea: Amphipoda) and its forming pathways:67. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICS B 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: At present the subterranean amphipod fauna of the Far East remains insufficiently investigated. In this region a complex of stygobion t amphipods of the endemic family Pseudocrangonyctidae consists of two genera: Pseudocrangonyx and Procrangonyx The subterranean freshwater amphipod genus Pseudocrangonyx which includes 15 described and several undescribed species, is widespread in easte rn China, the Korean Peninsula, the Japan Archipelago, the continental p art of the far-eastern Russia and Sakhalin Island and Kamchatka Peninsula. The species of Pseudocrangonyx inhabit various subsurface streams, deep groundwat er aquifers, and cave reservoirs connected with ground water table; whereas species of Procrangonyx as a rule, are confined to deep groundwater aquifers and are restricted to areas surrounding th e semi-enclosed East Sea. Presently, three species are known in the genu s Procrangonyx The morphological and ecological differences between Pseudocrangonyx and Procrangonyx were studied, and a preliminary scenario of the evolutionary history of Pseudocrangonyctidae is pro posed, based on phylogenic and biogeographic considerations. Suppor ted by: Russian Foundation for Basic Research grant 09-04-98544. SIDOROV (D. A.) & BARABANSCHIKOV (E. I.), 2010. "'$ )#' &#' *r$ (Amphipoda) *$%r&#' $' ))r. & ( rrr O&1r ) %&r/ )&/r)& *+r Orchestia solifuga Iwasa [Findings of stygobiotic and amphibiotic Peracarida (Amphipoda) in subsurface waters of the Samarga R. basin (Northern Prymorye) and some considerations about the taxonom ic position of Orchestia solifuga Iwasa]. !"#$% &'#( )'* +,# 4 c.:70-75. SIDOROV (D. A.), PANKOV (N.) & KRASHENINNIKOV (A. B.), 2010. A Bactrurus -like subterranean amphipod (Crangonyctidae) from the Ura l Mountain karst region:145, poster presentation. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICS B 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: Recent biological inventory of caves and wells in the Ural Mountain karst region by N. N. Pankov and A. B. Krasheninnikov resulted i n collections of crangonyctid amphipods from the cave lakes of Kungu r Ice Cave, Babinogorskaya Cave, Ordinskaya Cave and driven wel ls in the Irgina River basin. The moderately stygomorphic animals ar e about 15-20 mm in length, white in color, and eyeless. Besides the above mentioned places amphipods were found in Metschka Cave that is the t ype locality of the poorly known Crangonyx chlebnikovi which was described by E. W. Borutzky in 1928. The holotype was not designated p roperly but a syntype series was kept at the Zoological Museum of Moscow State University. Because the original description of the species was lacking several important details the correct generic assig nment has remained problematic. Careful investigation of the recently collected materials leaves no doubt about the placement of this species in the family Crangonyctidae and a close morphological affinity w ith species of the genus Bactrurus However, despite several similarities with Bactrurus this species differs significantly in the shape of gnathopods and pleonal plates and an increasing number of pleopod retinacu li, and will therefore be designated as type-species of a new crangonyctid genus currently being described. The genus Bactrurus is endemic of the North American continent and widespread in subterranean groundwate rs of the eastcentral United States. The finding of Bactrurus -like subterranean


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 97 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 amphipod at the Ural Mountain karst region is a sig nificant aspect in the understanding of Crangonyctidae evolutionary. Suppo rted by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research grant 09-04-98544. SILVER (P.), STEINMAN (A. D.) & POLLS (I.), 2010. The role of a discipline-specific journal in scient ific discovery. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 29(1):1-11. DOI: SIMON (K. S.), PIPAN (T.), OHNO (T.) & CULVER (D. C.), 2010. Spatial and temporal patterns in abundance and character of dissolved organic matter in two karst aquifers. Fundamental and Applied Limnology 177(2, June):81-92, 7 fig. DOI: ABS: The spatial and temporal patterns in concentration and character of dissolved organic ma tter (DOM) in karst basins in Slovenia and the United States were chara cterized. DOM in the shallow aquifer, or epikarst, waters was characteri zed by low, stable concentration and compounds of low aromaticity and humification. There was strong temporal coherence in DOM character, but not concentration, across locations within the epikarst. DOM in sinkin g streams, cave streams, and resurgence springs typically had highe r DOM concentration and aromaticity. Fluorescence and parallel factor a nalysis of DOM revealed that humic or fulvic-like substances in so ils, surface and cave streams, and springs were the dominant fluorophores However, DOM extracted from soils was chemically different from that present in the stream and spring waters. Epikarst water contained humic-like and protein-like DOM, and had fluorescence characterist ics indicative of microbial uptake and release of DOM in the epikarst These data show that there are substantial basin-scale patterns in DOM concentration and character and that aquifer structure influences the spatial patterns of DOM in karst groundwater. KW: Karst, cave, PARAFAC, groundwater, fluorescence, unsaturated zone, DOM, SUVA. SIMON (L.), MERMILLOD-BLONDIN (F.), MALARD (F.), LCUYER (C.), FOUREL (F.) & DOUADY (C. J.), 2010. Trophic niche of two subterranean isopod species along a parapatric boundary in pre-Alps and Jura Mountains (France): a preliminary field study using stable isotopes:122-123, poster presentation. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICS B 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: The influence of abiotic and biotic interactions in shaping the pres ent-day distribution ranges of stygobiotic species has attracted very li ttle attention essentially because distributional patterns have historically b een interpreted as palaeogeographical imprints of the geographic range of putative epigean colonizers. Only very recently have some studies at tempted to model species richness or distribution using abiotic pred ictors. In most groundwater studies, however, physical variables al one left a substantial amount of unexplained deviance. It is therefore nec essary to investigate the role of biotic interactions in the distribution patterns of groundwater species. Proasellus cavaticus and Proasellus valdensis exhibit separate but contiguous distributions along the western marg ins of the Jura and pre-Alps mountains. The goal of this work is to det ermine whether these two parapatric species exhibit the same trophic nic he in nearby groundwater systems, hence suggesting interspecific competition for food along the parapatric boundary. We thus determined t he diet of both species in six caves located along the contact zone using carbon and nitrogen stable isotopes. The contribution of the d ifferent food resources to Proasellus diet have been calculated using mixing model from t heir 13C/12C and 15N/14N ratios. In the six caves, P. cavaticus and P. valdensis exhibit a similar diet, mainly constituted of bacte ria attached on sediments (> 70%), while particulate organic matter contributes with a maximum of 30% to both species diet. This result in dicates that interspecific competition for food may be a structu ral factor of species distribution in groundwater ecosystems. Laboratory experiments are needed to test this hypothesis of competition by me asuring the influence of the interactions between P. cavaticus and P. valdensis on their trophic efficiency This work was developed within the framework of the DEEP research program. SIMON (T. P.), 2010. Status of Crayfish in Indiana. In: Abstracts that were not submitted as manuscripts, b ut were presented at the 2008 crayfish symposium, Southern Division American Fisheries Society meeting, Wheeli ng, WV. ABS: The number of crayfish inhabiting Indiana incl udes 23 species. Primary burrowers are represented by four species, secondary burrowers by eight species, and tertiary burrowers by eleven species. Six checklists have been historically compiled for cray fish within Indiana; however, little is known about species distribution s. From the period between 1891 and 1955, only ten crayfish species we re documented and significant confusion existed in our understanding of species distribution, identity, and biology. Most early studies (<1950) w ere focused on the "blind" cave crayfish of the Orconectes inermis complex. Descriptions of O. inermis inermis O. pellucidus and O. inermis testii have caused confusion over the status of O. inermis testii Orconectes indianensis was studied and found to be stable, while conservation efforts are needed for two species. Significant efforts on species distrib ution have been accomplished. Prior to 1980, less than 150 sites we re studied, with most done in caves and a few watersheds in northern Indi ana. During 19801995, nearly 3000 collections were made statewide. Since 1995, intensive watershed surveys resulted in over 2000 sites. Anot her study included 675 sites that focused on the distribution and ecol ogy of burrowing crayfish species, while additional intensive invest igations collected 1080 sites in southern Indiana. Two new species have bee n described including Cambarus (Tubericambarus) polychromatus and Orconectes (Procericambarus) theaphionensis Life-history studies have been initiated for all crayfish species, which will prov ide new information on preferred habitat, reproductive biology, age, growt h, and diet. Additional species are pending formal description once distrib utions are known. A minimum of an additional eleven species will be add ed to the list of crayfish occurring in Indiana. Another two species are hypothetical in occurrence, while hypothetical species considered i n the most recent checklist have all been confirmed statewide. It is possible that the actual number of crayfish occurring in Indiana may reach o r exceed 36 species. SINGH (N. S.) & PHILLIPS-SINGH (D.), 2010. A study on genitalia of phlebotominae sand flies (Phlebotomida e: Diptera) in Northern India: A new tool for detectio n of species. Journal of Entomology 7(4):235-239. DOI: BL: Cf p. 236, Sand flies were collected using sticky paper traps, CDC light traps and aspirators from outdoors (cow shelters, dog shelter s and holes in rocks and caves) as well as indoors (stable and living ro oms) from January to July 2009". SRBU (I.), SRBU (M.) & BENEDEK (A. M.), 2010. The freshwater Mollusca fauna from Banat (Romania). Travaux du Musum national d'Histoire naturelle "Grigore Antipa" 53(Dcembre):21-43. DOI: SKELTON (C. E.), 2010. History, Status, and Conservation of Georgia Crayfishes. Southeastern Naturalist 9(Special Issue 3: Conservation, Biology, and Natural History of Crayfishes from the Southern United States, June):1 27138. DOI: BL: Cf Appendix I.: C. (J.) cryptodytes Hobbs (Dougherty Plain Cave Crayfish): 13C. SKET (B.), 2010. Subterranean fauna of the wider Dinaric area from first discoveries to a global hotspot, and its upto-date biological evaluation:19-20. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slove nia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: First troglobiotic animals were described from Slovenia (amphibian Proteus Laurenti, 1768; beetle Leptodirus Schmidt, 1832); freshwater interstitial fauna disco vered in Macedonia (Karaman, 1932). Postojna-Planina Cave System remai ned an arena of research. Some important discoveries: repeated immi grations of a species; morphologically different populations of i t within the system; fauna succession and clinal variability within some species along an allogenous subterranean river; deeper invasion of e pigean species after organic pollution. Some interesting species will be presented according to


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 98 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 their distribution patterns. Interstitial fauna of Black Sea Drainage closely related to that of Adriatic drainage and both diffe rent of the Aegean drainage. European distribution. Asellus aquaticus (Isopoda) and Synurella ambulans (Amphipoda: Crangonyctidae) with some troglobiotic races in Dinaric karst (DK). Genus Niphargus (Amphipoda: Niphargidae) with over 110 species in DK. Transdina ric distribution (from DK to E and W). Troglocaris (Decapoda: Atyidae) with members in Caucasus, Sphaeromides (Isopoda: Cirolanidae) with members in Bulgaria, French species of both not related to Din aric ones. Zospeum (Gastropoda: Carychiidae) Dinarides Pyrenees; Delaya bureschi (Oligochaeta: Haplotaxidae) Slovenia Bulgaria; Monolistra (Isopoda: Sphaeromatidae), DK and Southern Calacareous Alps. Holodinaric pattern (between Kras-Carso and SE Hercegovina). Su bgenus Troglocaris s. str., Marifugia cavatica (Polychaeta: Serpulidae), Proteus anguinus ", genus Titanethes (Isopoda: Trichoniscidae), Velkovrhia enigmatica (Cnidaria: Bougainvilliidae). All molecularly stud ied elements exhibit splitting into races or species wi thin the area. Complementary NW and SE merodinaric patterns best r epresented by geographically vicariant genera of Coleoptera, also of hydrobioid Gastropoda and others; leptodiroid habitus develope d only in DK. Paralittoral merodinaric pattern along NE Adriatic coast, but its elements absent in the Kvarner Golf, i. e. historically grou nded. Here originated some of the first ecological data on anchihaline ca ves: presence of a disoxic layer; presence of troglobionts in illumina ted layers if surface competitors are absent; withdrawal of predators of tender Thermosbaenacea into the disoxic layer. Narrower endemic distribut ion patterns. Seldom species bound to recent river drai nages, like Microlistra spp. (Isopoda: Sphaeromatidae); distribution of the related Monolistra coeca and most others supposed to be defined by paleodra inages. Niphargobates orophobata (Amphipoda: Niphargidae) known only from one point. Narrow areas also: the sponge Eunapius subterraneus (Porifera: Spongillidae), bizzare leech Croatobranchus mestrovi (Hirudinea: Erpobdellidae), an undescribed terrestr ial planarian etc. Rich is the fauna of epizoic Turbellaria Temnocephalida. The troglobiotic species density probably the highest in the world. Up to 21 terrestrial Coleoptera species in a 20 x 20 km area. For 20000 km2 of Slovenia, 241 aquatic and 189 terrestrial troglobionts registered For Postojna-Planina Cave System alltogether 99 species. New species are still being found; a non-troglomorphic race of Proteus found only in 1990s; it is very instructive with its being troglobiotic and by its position in the phylogenetic tree. The interstitial and karst under ground fauna is endangered from the surface: by hydrotechnical work s, by industrial, urbane, agrotechnical pollution. Extremely rich Proteus populations were destroyed by pollution, unique huge Marifugia and Congeria colonies by regulating the surface river beds. Protection is ef ficient only against innocuous researchers. SLAY (M. E.) & FONG (D. W.), 2010. Preliminary estimates of species detection probabilities for No rth American troglobionts:173. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slove nia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: Because many troglobionts are considered rare, they may go undetected at sites ev en when present. Nondetection of present species introduces bias in sta te variables of interest, such as occupancy, habitat use, and reproductive su ccess; therefore, it is necessary to use sampling methodologies that incorp orate estimates of imperfect detection. Although this issue has been a ddressed for various surface fauna, few studies report detection probabi lities for subterranean organisms. We surveyed 10 caves during the summer o f 2008 (5 in Arkansas and 5 in West Virginia) for the presence o f 19 troglobionts (8 in Arkansas and 11 in West Virginia). A single locatio n in each cave was baited and monitored daily for 5 consecutive days. Species-specific detection data were analyzed separately using singl e-season occupancy models in Program PRESENCE version 3.0. Two models incorporating time constant and linear time effects relative to p robability of detection were fit to the data and ranked according to Akiake Information Criterion for small sample sizes. Detection probabilities wer e estimated for 14 troglobionts (7 from each state), with estimates ra nging from 0.24-1.0. Data was insufficient to model detection probabilit ies for 5 species. Only one species, the milliped Pseudotremia fulgida was detected perfectly. For all species, time constant model had the greate st support (delta AICc values greater than 2) suggesting that detection pr obabilities did not vary across survey days. Due to small sample sizes, caut ion is needed for interpreting and extrapolating these results beyond the sampled caves. However, this study provides evidence that detectio n probabilities for troglobionts are less than perfect and supports the claim that estimating detection probabilities for troglobiotic species is needed. SMIT (H.) & GERECKE (R.), 2010. A checklist of the water mites of France (Acari: Hydrachnidia). Acarologia 50(1, August 20):21-91. DOI: ABS: A review is given of all species reported from France In total, 420 species and seven subspecies have been found in France. The following synonyms are established: Atractides vandeli Angelier, Decamps & Rey as a synonym of A. phreaticus Mota 8 & Tanasachi, Atractides fonticolus gallicus Angelier, Decamps & Rey as a synonym of A. spinipes Koch and Barbaxonella pilosa Angelier, Decamps & Rey as a synonym of B. angulata (K. Viets). The following species are reported for the first time: Atractides orghidani Mota 8 & Tanasachi, Hydrachna goldfeldi Thor, Hydrodroma pilosa Besseling, Limnesia curvipalpis Tuzovskij, Limnesia undulatoides Davids, Piona ambigua (Piersig), Forelia curvipalpis K. Viets, Mideopsis roztoczensis Biesiadka & Kowalik, Arrenurus octagonus Halbert and Arrenurus tubulator (Mller). Moreover, Arrenurus affinis Koenike is reported for the first time with certai nty. For each species, all references are given which contai n geographical information about their occurrence in France. Numer ous new records are given, especially of species from standing waters. KW: Acari, Hydrachnidia, France, checklist, distribution. Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History, 201 0. Biological Conservation Newsletter 308, supplement(August):S8 p. Plant Conservation Unit Department of Botany, PO Box 37017, NMNH, MRC-166, Washington DC 20013-7012. SMITS (Q.), REMACLE (L.) & GERBER (V.), 2010. Quelques conseils pratiques pour les recensements e n milieu souterrain. L'cho des Rhinos 58(Dcembre 2009Janvier 2010):3-4. SOARES (D.), 2010. P 11. Cavefishes as models for sensory adaptation:694. In: 9th International Congress of Neuroethology Salamanca (Spain), 2-7 August 2010. Sponsored by the International Society for Neuroeth ology ( Abstracts. ABS: Adaptation is the context in which behaviors and underlying nervous systems evol ve. A quick change of environments poses a challenge for adaptation an d extreme environments pose harsh. Therefore such environment provides valuable insights in to the evolutionary malleability of ner vous systems. The permanent darkness present in caves imposes harsh s ensory constraints that offer a distinct opportunity to examine how se nsory modules not only become transformed, but also how they influence eac h other's changes. Troglodytic animals are known to have specialized s ensory systems as outcomes of both constructive and regressive traits Of all cave dwelling vertebrates, cavefishes are an especially suitable animal model for comparative studies because of their diverse phylog eny and world distribution. Moreover, once fish have colonized a cave they rarely reenter or leave the cave so the duration of adaptati on can be more easily determined and less complicated to describe. Specie s of cavefishes have independently colonized caves all over the world. A t a first glance all have lost eyesight but it is unclear what modalitie s if any have become hypertrophied as a response and rules are yet to be established. Here we examined two cavefishes Ogilbia pearsei (Yucatan, Mexico) and Astroblepus pholeter (Napo, Ecuador). SOISOOK (P.), NIYOMWAN (P.), SRIKRACHANG (M.), SRITHONGCHUAY (T.) & BATES (P. J. J.), 2010. Discovery of Rhinolophus beddomei (Chiroptera; Rhinolophidae) from Thailand with a Brief Compariso n to Other Related Taxa. Tropical Natural History 10(1, April):67-79. SOUZA (L. A.), SENNA (A. R.) & KURY (A. B.), 2010. A new species and first record of Gabunillo Schmalfuss & Ferrara, 1983 (Isopoda, Oniscidea, Armadillidae) fr om the Neotropics. Zootaxa 2677(November 16):1-14, 9 pl., 22 rf. ABS: A new species of terrestrial isopod, Gabunillo aridicola sp. nov., is described from Cear and Rio Grande do Nor te States, in Karstic


Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 99 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 formations in the Brazilian semi-arid (caatinga). T his genus, hitherto monotypic, was known only from Gabon. This occurren ce is remarkable because very few genera of Armadillidae are known f rom both Afrotropics and Neotropics, and because it offers e vidence of a tropical Gondwana biogeographical component. KW: Malacostrac a, terrestrial crustaceans, semi-arid, cave life, Karst, caatinga, Brazil. SOUZA (M. F. V. R.) & FERREIRA (R. L.), 2010. Eukoenenia (Palpigradi: Eukoeneniidae) in Brazilian caves with the first troglobiotic palpigrade from South A merica. Journal of Arachnology 38(3, December):415-424. DOI: ABS: Reports of Palpigradi from South American caves are rare, and no troglobiotic species have yet been described. This apparent defi ciency, however, reflects merely a lack of reporting. Ten years of b iospeleological surveys of 603 caves in 16 of the 26 Brazilian states, in b edrocks including limestone, quartzite, iron ore, granite, and gneiss have led to the capture of 494 palpigrades, and specimens with troglomorphi c characteristics have been found in Minas Gerais, Bahia, and Espirit o Santo. Palpigrades have been found to be relatively more common in iro n ore caves, and troglomorphic species apparently occupy cave habita ts different from those occupied by edaphomorphic species. The descri ption of the first troglobite species from South America is presented here. Eukoenenia maquinensis new species, collected in the Maquin Cave Minas Gerais, Brazil, has six blades in the lateral organs, seven pairs of setae on the propeltidium, six setae on the basitarsus IV (a sin gle proximal sternal seta) and a singular chaetotaxy of opisthosomal ste rnites. KW: Eukoenenia maquinensis Neotropics, troglomorphic. SOUZA-SILVA (M.), MARTINS (R. P.) & FERREIRA (R. L.), 2010. Conservation of cave invertebrates and study of impacts on caves located in the Brazilian Atlantic rain forest:91-92. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August -3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961269-286-5. ABS: The Brazilian Atlantic rain forest extends ove r great extensions and includes discrete caves. Through his toric (295 caves) and present data of 103 caves, the study is aimed to ev aluate the knowledge on invertebrates cave fauna of the Atlantic Forest, to evaluate the main antropic changes, and propose a methodology to eval uate the biological relevance and vulnerability of caves. Historical da ta indicate presence of 208 troglomorphic species, contrasting with 95 spec ies found in this study. The similarity observed between the cave inv ertebrate communities was not higher than 30%. The anthropoge nic changes were deforestation (40%), mining (15%), inorganic waste (13%), trample (12%), touristic usage (10%), constructions (10%), graffiti (8.5%), exotic species (8.5%) religious usage (7.5%). Vulnerabilit y level was considered extreme for 7% of the caves, high for 38%, average for 26%, and low for 29%. Among the caves visited in this study, 47% nee d emergent conservation and management plans. The karst areas classified as richer in troglomorphic species were considered to be of m ajor priority for conservation actions. Such areas correspond to the limestone caves of the Chapada Diamantina (9 spp.), the limestone caves of the Serra do Ramalho (7 spp.), the limestone caves of the Parque Nacional Cavernas do Peruau (10 spp.), the limestone caves of the Ri o Pardo karst (18 spp.), the quartzite caves of Parque Estadual Serra de Ibitipoca (9 spp.); the ferrugineous caves of the quadriltero ferrfer o (68 spp.), the limestone caves of the south of So Paulo state and northeast of Paran state (62 spp.) and the limestone caves of the Serr a da Bodoquena (9 spp.). The caves sampled up to the present moment h ave presented heterogenous ecological conditions (trophic structu re, endemism, number of invertebrate species, and impacts registered). S uch heterogeneity justifies the necessity of urgent and more detailed studies, including as many caves as possible (located in the Atlantic For est), for a better understanding of underground biodiversity, subsidiz e plans of use and actions of management and conservation. SOUZA-SILVA (M.), PARENTONI MARTINS (R.) & FERREIRA (R. L.), 2010. Trophic dynamics of the coarse particulate organic matter (CPOM) in a tropi cal limestone cave:48-49, poster presentation. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICS B 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: The temporal budgets of the input, retention and use by inverteb rates of the coarse organic matter were evaluated in a tropical limesto ne cave. These budgets are essential for the understanding of the trophic dynamics in this environment, which is poor regarding invertebrate s pecies and food resources. Primary resources are roots that emerge from the bottom of the hypogean stream and provide shelter and food for nu merous invertebrate's species. In addition, these microhab itats are distinct from those provided by the sediment. Detritus penetrates only through the stream in lower quantities in the dry season, contr ary to what happens in the rainy season. However, higher transport and lea ching energies in the rainy season prevent detritus retention. During the rainy season, flood flows work as a force that destabilizes the process es of retention, biological colonization and detritus processing in the stream. In the terrestrial environment, bat feces was the main sec ondary resource available for the invertebrates; the constant produ ction of this resource influences the structure and distribution of invert ebrates. Unfavourable temperature conditions and, especially, low humidit y in the soil promote low consumption rates of plant detritus. The cave f unctionality depends directly of the alochtonous food resources. Organic matter is transported in pulses by water flows and bats. Water can transp ort litter, while bats release feces. Both are extremely epigean-dependent processes of the dry season conditions and intact with the surrounding e pigean vegetation. Splo-Club de Paris, 2010. Le timbre du mois. La lettre du Splo-Club de Paris 282(Lundi 1er Fvrier). RS: L'Oreillard roux (ou brun, septentrional ou commun selon les au teurs) sont des chauves-souris communes dans le Vexin. Il est trs difficile de distinguer le Plecotus auritus l'Oreillard, de l'autre espce, P. austriacus mais cet Oreillard gris ou mridional est inconnu en le-deFrance. Splo-Club de Paris, 2010. Le timbre du mois. La lettre du Splo-Club de Paris 283(Mardi 9 Mars). RS: Ce timbre roumain de 1993 fait partie d'une srie prsentant 6 animaux cavernicoles de la grotte de Movil. Nepa anophthalma Dcu Gruia Keffer & Sarbu 1994 est une npe, un scorpion d'eau. Parmi les bio logistes qui ont dcrit cette nouvelle espce, on trouve le nom de Serban S arbu qui fut, le temps de son sjour en France, membre de notre club. Cet insecte carnassier est un animal stygobie "aquatique" totalement infod a u monde souterrain et adapt aux eaux sulfureuses de cette trange cavit du sud de la Roumanie. Splo-Club de Paris, 2010. Portfolio (photo noir et blanc d'un Aphaenops pluto ). La lettre du Splo-Club de Paris 283(Mardi 9 Mars). ŠTAMOL (V.), 2010. A list of the land snails (Mollusca: Gastropoda) of Croatia, with recommendations for th eir Croatian names. Natura Croatica 19(1, June 30):1-76. ABS: By examination of extensive literature data, a list of the terrestrial snails of Croatia has been compiled. A list of Croa tian names for each taxon is also provided for the first time. Croatian endemic species and subspecies are indicated. KW: Land snails, Croatia, Croatian names, common names, endemics. k_jezik=82825&la ng=en STAN (A.-M.), 2010. Un exemple de rayonnement universitaire occidental en Europe centrale et orie ntale: tude de cas sur les enseignants franais embauchs l'universit roumaine de Cluj aprs 1919. Les Cahiers de Framespa 6. STANLEY (E. H.), POWERS (S. M.) & LOTTIG (N. R.), 2010. The evolving legacy of disturbance in stream ecology: concepts, contributions, and coming challe nges. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 29(1):67-83. DOI: Station alpine Joseph Fourier, 2010. Index seminum. Jardin botanique alpin du Lautaret (Hautes-Alpes, France). N 56, anne 2010, rcolte 2009. 32 p. BL: Cf p. 18, 142 Asphodelus ramosus L. Marseille, Grotte Rolland (France, 13), 30 m; p. 19, 319 Cistus albidus L. Marseille, Grotte Rolland

PAGE 100

Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 100 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 (France, 13), 30 m; p; 19, 323 Cistus monspeliensis L. Marseille, Grotte Rolland (France, 13), 30 m; p. 19, 749 Osyris alba L. Marseille, Grotte Rolland (France, 13), 30 m; p. 19, 884 Quercus coccifera L. Marseille, Grotte Rolland (France, 13), 50 m; p. 20, 1093 Teucrium flavum L. subsp. flavum Marseille, Grotte Rolland (France, 13), 50 m; p. 2 0, 1158 Viburnum tinus L. Marseille, Grotte Rolland (France, 13), 30 m. STEIN (H.), BERKHOFF (S. E.), MATZKE (D.) & HAHN (H. J.), 2010. Spatial distribution patterns of faunal groundwater communities across Germany:49. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICS B 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: Faunal distribution patterns and community structure in gr oundwater ecosystems are shaped by certain key factors working on differ ent spatial scales. 1) On a large scale the faunal assemblages differ acco rding to the biogeographic region. 2) On a regional scale the co mmunity structure of faunal groundwater organisms is shaped by regional particularities, mainly the type of aquifer. 3) On a local scale the strength of groundwater-surface water interactions and conseque ntly the allochthonous input of nutrients and oxygen into th e aquifer shapes the subterranean communities. The reliability of this h ierarchical concept was tested combining and analysing data that were obtai ned by several groundwater studies across Germany. In general, the first results fit well with that concept, although large scale distributio n pattern were not always in accordance with the biogeographical regio ns. STEINER (H.), 2010. Chapter 6: Biospeleological observations:64-? In: DREYBRODT (J.) & LAUMANNS (M.), The Unknown North of Laos. Part 3 2009-2010: Karst and Caves of the Provinces Houaphan and Oudomxay. Berliner Hhlenkundliche Berichte 38. 132 p., colour photo tables, many maps and surveys. ABS. y STEINER (H.), 2010. Chapter 7: Review of the biospeleology of Myanmar:84-? In: LAUMANNS (M.), Karst and Caves of Myanmar. Berliner Hhlenkundliche Berichte 39. 130 p., colour maps, many surveys, Michael LAUMANNS, Editor. ABS. STOCCHINO (G. A.), SLUYS (R.), MANCONI (R.), CASALE (A.), MARCIA (P.), GRAFITTI (G.), CADEDDU (B.), CORSO (G.) & PALA (M.), 2010. Triclads from Italian groundwaters (Platyhelminthes Tricladida):146, poster presentation. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slove nia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: Subterranean triclads from Italy include both stygobiotic and stygophilous species. The firs t record on triclads from Italian groundwaters is dated as far back as 1 890 when Garbini reported the stygophilous species Polycelis nigra from two wells near Verona (north-eastern Italy). Up to now, among styg obiotic species, the genera Dendrocoelum (Dendrocoelidae), Atrioplanaria, Phagocata s. l and Polycelis (Planariidae) are reported. Stygophilous species be long to the genera Dugesia (Dugesiidae), Dendrocoelum (Dendrocoelidae), Polycelis and Crenobia (Planariidae). Data on both stygobiotic and stygophilous species are mainly restricted to centr alnorthern Italy and Sardinia. This contribution provides an account on the subterranean triclads from Sardinia with new records and a taxon omic synopsis on Italian taxa. Funds were provided by PRIN-MIUR and the EU project Interreg III Sardinia-Corsica-Tuscany. G. Stocchino acknowledges financial support from SYNTHESYS, a programme of th e European Commission under the 6th Research and Technological Development Framework Programme "Structuring the European Resea rch Area", which enabled GS to work at the Zoological Museum A msterdam in November and December 2008 (grant number: NL-TAF 47 17). STOCH (F.), 2010. Cyclopoida bentonici: Cyclopinidae, Smirnovipinidae, Schminkepinellidae, Cyclopidae. Biologia Marina Mediterranea 17, suppl. 1:435-437. STOCH (F.) & GALASSI (D. M. P.), 2010 Stygobiotic crustacean species richness: a question of numbers, a matter of scale. Hydrobiologia 653(1, October):217-234. DOI: From the issue entitled "Fifty years after the "Homage t o Santa Rosalia": Old and new paradigms on biodiversity in aquatic ecosystems, Guest Editors: L. Naselli-Flore s & G. Rossetti". This paper is dedicated to the late Prof Janine GIBERT (University of Lyon, France), who along her life, with great passion, highly promoted research in groundwater ecosystems, representing a key-referenc e scientist worldwide. ABS: Species richness in ground water is still largely underestimated, and this situation stems fr om two different impediments: the Linnaean (i. e. the taxonomic) and the Wallacean (i. e. the biogeographical) shortfalls. Within this fragme nted frame of knowledge of subterranean biodiversity, this review was aimed at (i) assessing species richness in ground water at diffe rent spatial scales, and its contribution to overall freshwater species rich ness at the continental scale; (ii) analysing the contribution of historica l and ecological determinants in shaping spatial patterns of stygobi otic species richness across multiple spatial scales; (iii) analysing the role of > -diversity in shaping patterns of species richness at each scale analysed. From data of the present study, a nested hierarchy of environmen tal factors appeared to determine stygobiotic species richness. At the broa d European scale, historical factors were the major determinants in e xplaining species richness patterns in ground water. In particular, Q uaternary glaciations have strongly affected stygobiotic species richness leading to a marked latitudinal gradient across Europe, whereas little effects were observed in surface fresh water. Most surface-dwelling fauna is of recent origin, and colonized this realm by means of post-glacial dispe rsal. Historical factors seemed to have also operated at the smaller stygore gional and regional scales, where different karstic and porous aquifers showed different values of species richness. Species richness at the small, local scale was more difficult to be explained, because the analyse s revealed that pointdiversity in ground water was rather low, and at in creasing values of regional species richness, reached a plateau. This observation supports the coarse-grained role of truncated food webs and oligotrophy, potentially reflected in competition for food resou rces among cooccurring species, in shaping groundwater species d iversity at the local scale. Alpha-diversity resulted decoupled from P -diversity, suggesting that > -diversity accounted for the highest values of tota l species richness at the spatial scales analysed. KW: Ground water, S pecies richness, Stygobionts, Crustacea, Spatial scale. STOCH (F.) & GASPARO (F.), 2010. Regional species richness and diversity patterns of obligate cave-dw elling fauna in the Classic Karst in Italy:50. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slove nia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: Local and regional species richness of the obligate cave-dwelling fauna of the Classic Karst i n Italy (about 200 square kilometers, over 3070 caves known up to now) a well-known subterranean biodiversity hotspot, was assessed usi ng: (1) bibliographic data (about 410 papers published between 1819 and 2 009); (2) unpublished data collected by the Authors during th e last 30 years; (3) data collected during a monitoring program (carried out in 2008-2009) using standardized sampling techniques applied to 2 8 caves. A database including the distribution of 382 species in 223 ca ves was assembled; 121 species (32%) were classified as obligate subterran ean (33 of them being terrestrial, 88 aquatic); 105 species were consider ed endemic or subendemic to the Classic Karst. Based on species a ccumulation curves and jackknife 1, Chao2, bootstrap, and incidencebas ed coverage (ICE) estimators, we concluded that 82% of all species in habiting the karstic area have been recorded so far (94% of terrestrial troglobiotic species, 75% of stygobiotic species). During the recent moni toring program (based on 28 caves out of the 223 surveyed), 45% of the whole regional fauna was collected, including 8 stygobiotic specie s new to Science. Notwithstanding the difficulty in assessing species richness of obligate cave-dwelling fauna because of the highly localized distributions of

PAGE 101

Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 101 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 several species, results allowed (1) to assess the relative contribution to total species richness of terrestrial and groundwat er (vadose and phreatic) fauna, dissecting regional diversity into alpha and beta components; (2) to analyze the contribution of historical and ecologic al determinants in shaping spatial patterns of subterranean biodiversi ty across the region; and (3) to assess the conservation value of species and caves, mapping priority areas for biodiversity conservation in the Karst. STOEV (P.), AKKARI (N.), ZAPPAROLI (M.), PORCO (D.), ENGHOFF (H.), EDGECOMBE (G. D.), GEORGIEV (T.) & PENEV (L.), 2010. The centipede genus Eupolybothrus Verhoeff, 1907 (Chilopoda: Lithobiomorpha: Lithobiidae) in North Africa, a cybertaxonomic revision, with a key to all species in the genus and the first use of DNA barcoding for the gr oup. ZooKeys 50(June 30):29-77. DOI: ABS: The centipede genus Eupolybothrus Verhoeff, 1907 in North Africa is revised. A new cavernicolous species, E. kahfi Stoev & Akkari, sp. n., is described from a cave in Jebel Zaghouan, northeast Tunisia. Morpholo gically, it is most closely related to E. nudicornis (Gervais, 1837) from North Africa and Southwest Europe but can be readily distinguished b y the long antennae and leg-pair 15, a conical dorso-median protuberanc e emerging from the posterior part of prefemur 15, and the shape of the male first genital sternite. Molecular sequence data from the cytochro me c oxidase I gene (mtDNA-5' COI-barcoding fragment) exhibit 19.19% di vergence between E. kahfti and E. nudicornis an interspecific value comparable to those observed among four other species of Eupolybothrus which, combined with a low intraspecific divergence (0.3-1.14%), su pports the morphological diagnosis of E. kahfi as a separate species. This is the first troglomorphic myriapod to be found in Tunisia, and the second troglomorph lithobiomorph centipede known from Nort h Africa. E. nudicornis is re-described based on abundant material from Tu nisia and its post-embryonic development, distribution and ha bitat preferences recorded. E. cloudsley-thompsoni Turk, 1955, a nominal species based on Tunisian type material, is placed in synonymy with E. nudicornis To comply with the latest technological developments i n publishing of biological information, the paper implements new ap proaches in cybertaxonomy, including database and interactive k ey publishing, georeferencing of all localities via Google Earth, and ZooBank, GenBank and MorphBank registration of datasets. An interact ive key to all valid species of Eupolybothrus is made with DELTA software. KW: Eupolybothrus kahfi sp. n., E. nudicornis North Africa, barcoding, cytochrome c oxidase I gene, troglomorphism, habita t preferences, interactive key, cybertaxonomy, semantic tagging, s emantic enhancements. STOEV (P.), ZAPPAROLI (M.), GOLOVATCH (S.), ENGHOFF (H.), AKKARI (N.) & BARBER (A.), 2010. Myriapods (Myriapoda). Chapter 7.2. BioRisk 4(1):97-130. DOI: STRECKER (U.) & WILKENS (H.), 2010. Problems of taxonomy in Mexican Astyanax :67-68. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICS B 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: The neotropical characid fish Astyanax which has colonized Middle and North America at the end of Pliocene, has gained considerable int erest in evolutionary research. It occurs in all freshwater habitats prov iding sufficient temperature conditions like rivers, creeks, stagnan t pools, cenotes, and lakes. Within two restricted karst areas in Mexico it has even developed eye and pigment reduced cave forms. The various sur face populations show considerable meristic and morphometric variati on. This is probably the reason why a large number of species and subspe cies have been described in the past. However, they were very poor ly defined and their taxonomy is still a matter of research. Molecular s tudies of the cave populations showed that they have descended from mu ltiple invasions of surface Astyanax at different times being the cause of different phylogenetic age. It is assumed that this is due to climatic change during Pleistocene. It was furthermore found that genetic introgression is a relatively frequent event in the cave populations. We performed a molecular study using mtDNA sequences and microsate llite data of several surface and the cave populations. Based on these markers several different haplotype lineages and microsatellite clu sters could be discriminated. However, the clusters of the two mar kers were not congruent. Furthermore, the distribution of the clu sters is mostly not correlated with geographic barriers. Such distribut ion pattern cannot be explained by deep vicariant events but rather refle cts random colonization events. The taxonomic status of Mexican Astyanax populations is discussed. STRITIH (N.), 2010. Auditory and Vibratory Sense of Crickets. The Origin of Sound-Processing Elements i n Ensifera Using Laser Vibrometry. Polytec. Technical Papers. Advancing Measurements by Light. InFocus Optical Measurement Solutions, 1:3 p., ISSN 1864-92 03. ABS: In the life of insects, vibrational signals mediate important information that is used in vario us contexts, from pair formation to detection of predators or finding prey Therefore, insects are equipped with both extremely sensitive receptor org ans in the legs for detection of substrate vibrations and the underlyin g neural network enabling recognition and localization of the signal lers in a complex environment. Without the use of special equipment t o detect those signals, the intriguing world of insect vibrations would remain hidden to humans, which mostly communicate by sight and sound STRITIH (N.), 2010. P 306. Vibrational signalling in the non-hearing cave cricket and corresponding response s of neurons in the ventral nerve chord and the brain:49 9. In: 9th International Congress of Neuroethology Salamanca (Spain), 2-7 August 2010. Sponsored by the Internat ional Society for Neuroethology ( Abst racts. ABS: Cave crickets (Rhaphidophoridae) represent an under investigated group of Ensifera with respect to mating behaviour and communication, since they neither hear nor emit sound. In this stu dy we describe the complete process of courtship and mating together w ith the substrateborne vibrational signalling in the mid-European ca ve cricket Troglophilus neglectus Males produce substrate vibration signals with abdominal oscillations during the close range court ship. As detected by laser vibrometry, only one type of signals is produ ced with the mean duration of 566 ms and repetition time of 2.2 s. Mo st of the signals' spectral energy lies below 300 Hz with the dominant frequency between 80-90 Hz. At the point of measurements, 5-10 cm awa y from the signaller, the peak velocity of signals ranged betw een 2.5*10-5 10-6 m/s. In the prothoracic nerve chord ganglion of T. neglectus six most highly sensitive vibratory interneurons that were p reviously identified respond to the respective range of frequencies and intensities; only one neuron, however, conveys this information directly towards the brain. To determine to what degree the vibrational system of T. neglectus may be adapted to detect intraspecific signals at further processing levels, we investigated spectral sensitivity and responses to play-backed male signals in the brain neurons using intracellular re cording. So far two (groups of) local neurons have been identified in t he lateral protocerebrum, with broadband excitatory "on" and off" responses and inhibitory responses to vibration, respectively. In addition, three different types of physiological responses have been recorded expressing low-, middleand high-frequency sensitivity, respectivel y. Of these neurons, only one low-frequency tuned element responded to t he signals of the male at the relevant intensity. ŠTURM (S.), SEDMAK (A.), ZORMAN (T.) & PERIC (B.), 2010. Technical illustrations and application: Škocjan Caves, Velika Dolina cross section:94, poster prese ntation. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: Škocjan Caves ranks among the most important karst phenomen a not only in Slovenia's Karst region, but worldwide. Škocjan Cav es is on the UNESCO list of natural and cultural world heritage sites. It is also featured on the Ramsar list of wetlands of internat ional importance as the first registered underground wetland in Europe. In this regard, a very important task is raising visitors' awareness of th e importance of protecting endangered and protected plant and anima l species. We therefore need to properly interpret scientific dat a and findings, and adapt and present this information so that it can easily be understood by the general public. In our case, we decided to use tech nical illustrations to present some of the most important species, with an emphasis on the aboveground and subterranean karst world. So far, t wenty-seven

PAGE 102

Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 102 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 stygobiotic and troglobiotic organisms have been di scovered in Škocjan Caves. Epikarst fauna (i. e., Copepoda) is particul arly abundant. Moreover, numerous troglophiles make their home in Škocjan Caves. Of particular importance are the greater horseshoe bat the long-fingered bat, and the common bent-wing bat (Natura 2000 protected species). A total of twentythree students and thirteen lecturers and mentors participated in our project; activities included workshops in Škocj an and at the Academy of Fine Arts and Design (University of Ljubljana), and the Kaverljag Workshop. Over fifty illustrations were produced, i llustrating ten troglobiotic and three troglophile organisms. These organisms have been incorporated into the illustration of the Velika Do lina cross-section with part of Škocjan Caves. The illustrations are accomp anied by short texts explaining individual habitats, from karst forests, dry karst meadows, and steep cliffs to the bottom of dolines and the subte rranean world. The illustrations are an attractive tool for interpreti ng the area’s natural heritage and biodiversity. This manner of presentin g natural heritage is attractive and technical enough for people of all a ges. Younger visitors are introduced to the plant and animal species, and visitors seeking more information can read the names of interesting speci es, learn about their habitats and ecology. One of the main goals of the publication is to raise awareness about the wealth and diversity of flora a nd fauna, as well as their vulnerability. SUREZ-MORALES (E.), MENDOZA (F.) & MERCADO-SALAS (N.), 2010. A new Allocyclops (Crustacea, Copepoda, Cyclopoida) from bromeliads a nd records of freshwater copepods from Mexico. Zoosystema 32(3):393-407. BL: Cf p. 404, "The description of A. botosaneanui from a cave in Cuba (Ple 8 a, 1981) represented the first record of a species of Allocyclops from the Neotropical region"; p. 405, "Overall, th e genus Allocyclops appears to have preference to interstitial and gro undwater habitats, including caves (Karanovic, 2001, 2003); it has not been hitherto recorded from bromeliads". ocScientifique/pub lications/presentation/listeParution/ficheParution. xsp?PARUTION_ID=2 426&PUBLICATION_ID=2&THEMPUB_ID=42&idx=30&nav=table au 1 SUBHASH BABU (K. K.) & SIVASANKARAN (B. N.), 2010. The hypogean fauna of selected ecosystems of Kerala, India, with two new records:130. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICS B 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: Kerala is situated on the South West coast of India and is un ique with the presence of several water bodies of varying size ranging fro m large lakes, backwaters, rivers, lagoons, inlets, reservoirs and ponds. In addition, there are also deep wells of varying kinds contribu ting to the water sources on the area. These wetlands and their assoc iated ecotones on the south west coast India offer ideal habitats for the much undiscovered subterranean fauna of the region. In this context, it is also worth mentioning that no comprehensive scientific informa tion is available on the hypogean fauna of Kerala. This paper attempts t o give the status of selected hypogean fauna of Kerala and reports on tw o new records of fish from the area. The first report of a totally blind hypogean fish, Horaglanis was reported from India. Later in 1963, one Synbran chid eel was reported from Kottayam, Kerala and was named Monopterus indicus In 1996, the Synbranchid eel, Monopterus epeni was reported from the same district of Kerala State. A cavernicole, Synbr anchid eel called Monopterus digressus was also reported from the southern part of Kerala. In 2004, another Siluroid blind fish, Horaglanis alikunhi was reported from the central part of Kerala. All these observat ions on the subterranean fishes from Kerala were quite accidental and the in formation regarding their taxonomical and ecological details are still fragmentary. This contribution also describes two new species of fish es adapted to hypogean condition from central part of Kerala. The y were collected from an old well at Irinjalakuda, Kerala. The speci es belong to the genus Horaglanis Menon and Monopterus Lacepede. The taxonomic descriptions of the two hypogean fishes have been d iscussed with that of the genus of the same species described earlier. Subterranean Ecology Pty Ltd, 2010. Jurien Gypsum Mine phase 2 ML70/1161 stygofauna survey. Report 2010/01 0, prepared for CSR Gyprock, 24 p. Subterranean Ecology Pty Ltd, 2010. Gold Fields, St Ives Gold Mines Stygofauna Desktop Assessment. Prepared for St Ives Gold Mines, March 2010. Project 2010/011, 2 3 June, 39 p. Subterranean Ecology Pty Ltd, 2010. Gold Fields, St Ives Gold Mines Troglofauna Desktop Assessment. Prepared for St Ives Gold Mines, March 2010. Project 2010/01 2, 25 March, 27 p. SUNDSETH (K.), 2010. Natura 2000 dans la rgion continentale. Communauts europennes, 12 p. ISBN 978-92-79-13169-1. DOI: SUSAC (R. A. J.), ANDERSON (J.) & MOULDS (T. A.), 2010. Comparisons of subterranean biodiversity from the West Kimberley Karst, Australia:92-93. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICS B 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: The Devonian Reef Complexes of the West Kimberley, in northern A ustralia, contain numerous endemic communities of relictal fauna incl uding both troglomorphic and stygobitic representatives from s everal key groups. These fauna are contained within a diverse range of habitats, which have only recently begun to be systematically investigat ed for subterranean biology, mainly due to the remote nature of the kar st. Several distinct limestone ranges which have been investigated inclu de the Napier Range; and to successively lesser extents, the Oscar, Geik ie, Lawford, Laidlaw, Hull and Pillara Ranges. Access to areas of the kar st that maintain elevated humidity during the "Dry Season", when sur veys can be safely performed, have been a limiting factor for represen tative sampling success. This paper will use the biological diversi ty and endemism from Tunnel Cave, which includes four endemic species to highlight the need for further collecting and research in this importa nt Australian karst region. The endemic fauna of Tunnel Cave currently includes Cheridiidae cheridium (Pseudsoscorpion), Bamazomus hunti (Schizomid), Kimberleydillo waldockidae (terrestrial isopod) and Tainisopidea, Tainisopis sp. (aquatic isopod). This cave is subject to high seasonal visitation during the Dry Season due to its large s ize and historical importance. As a result there are several cave mana gement issues with regards to subterranean biodiversity. These include trampling of habitat, rubbish and food being left in the cave, and distur bance to bat populations, which reside in the cave. These issues will also be discussed in relation to the cave's significant subterranean biodiversity values. The diversity of Tunnel Cave will also be compared at a broad scale with the subterranean ecology from other sites nearby in the Napier Range. The recent progress that has been made is hoped to furt her inspire continued investigation into this vastly unexplored region. SUSAC (R. A. J.) & ZAKRZEWSKA (B.), 2010. Management of a declining watertable at Yanchep National Park, Western Australia; for the benefit o f subterranean biology:93, poster presentation. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICS B 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: In 1997 Jasinska documented the biodiversity and ecology of cave str eams from Yanchep National Park (YNP); revealing an extremely rich ro ot mat ecosystem, containing Short Range Endemic species and Gondwana n relicts. These cave streams of the Swan Coastal Plain, are driven by the hydraulic head of the Gnangara Water Mound and are now severely de pleted, as the watertable has dramatically lowered at a regional s cale. This has been attributed to reduced rainfall, increased human abs traction rates and broad scale catchment interception from pine tree monocul tures. These factors, being beyond the immediate control of managers at Y NP, have resulted in various rescue strategies to be implemented over th e course of this continuing water decline. The most recent and curre ntly ongoing of these strategies, involves the mass pumping of water for the creation of localized artificial water mounds, to allow for cav e stream recolonisation. This latest strategy has encountered a plethora of implementation problems and has been from the onset, a contentious subject regarding the sustainability of resource use towards this elusive goal. Despite this the project is progressing and will undoubtedly continu e to inspire debate

PAGE 103

Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 103 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 regarding the value of our resources, both natural and anthropogenic into the future. We seek to highlight the ecological cha nges that have occurred in YNP in context of the water regime and the measu res undertaken to preserve cave stream ecology. ŠUSTR (V.), NOVKOV (A.), LUKEŠOV (A.) & VOŠTA (O.), 2010. Feeding biology of the cave isopod Mesoniscus graniger (food preference and digestive enzymes):123. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August -3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961269-286-5. ABS: Terrestrial isopod Mesoniscus graniger (Isopoda, Oniscidea), morphologically adapted to cave life, i s abundant in caves of the Carpathians Food preference of this animal was studied using preference tests, presence of digestive enzymes and field observations. Nine cultures of algae, ten of microscopic fungi in cluding two of yeasts and one species of cyanophytes isolated from caves were offered as a food to isopods in five replicates of three variant s of multiple-choice feeding preference tests arranged on Petri dishes. Presence of animals inside the sector with particular food, directly on the food, and distribution of faecal pellets were monitored. Dire ct consumption of microbial cultures was evaluated from macro-photos using PC image analysis. Isopods clearly prefer algae cultures (ma inly Protosiphon botryoides, Spongiochloris irregularis, Botrydiopsi s intercedens and Stichococcus bacillaris) over other microorganisms in laboratory tests. Only algae were consumed. The sectors containing an other kind of food were visited to a lesser extent. Amylase, maltase, saccharase and trehalase prevailed in the digestive enzyme spectru m of M. graniger. This species is attracted to organic deposits in the fie ld but its occurrence is not restricted to bat guano. The investigation show ed the contrast between visible preference of some type of living c ultures of microorganisms in laboratory and the non-specific c onsumption of cave sediment and dead organic material in the field. Th e preliminary results from food preference tests and digestive enzymes pr esence in several species of cave springtails and mites are compared and the influence of restricted food sources on the biodiversity and foo d web structure in the cave is discussed. SUZN (G.), VILA-FLORES (R.), CARRASCO (R.), RICO (O.), ZARZA (H.), MENCHACA (A.), LACY (G.), CORTS (B.), MANZANO-MARTNEZ (M. D.), LOZA-RUBIO (E.), ROJAS (E.), ARCHIGA-CEBALLOS (N.) & MEDELLN (R. A.), 2010. Multispatial approach for monitoring and modeling bat ra bies in Puebla Mxico:292-293. In: 15th International Bat Research Conference, Prague, 22-27 August 2010, the conference manual: Programme, abstracts, list of participants, edited by: Ivan HOR EK and Petr BENDA, ISBN 978-80-87154-46-5, 380 p. ABS: It is difficult to assess the distribution of paralytic rabies beca use outbreaks occur locally and are not distributed evenly across time and space. We used a multi-spatial approach to understand distribution, feeding habits, and rabies prevalence in vampire bats ( Desmodus rotundus ) in Puebla, Mexico. We identified relations in three spatial sc ales: (1) locally, we compared rabies prevalence and reservoir relative a bundance from different caves and analyzed surrounding vegetation in a 2-km radio; (2) at landscape level, we analyzed the influence of ve getation and land use patch configuration (patch number, size, isolation, edges, species diversity, fragmentation index); and (3) regionally we related rabies ocurrence in Puebla with environmental variables to produce a spatial model. We analyzed feeding habits using PCR techniq ues to identify feeding host and used different lab tests to identi fy rabies prevalence in bats. Locally, we found that large vampire bat colo nies are related to higher rabies prevalence. At the landscape and regi onal scale, our results showed that D. rotundus and rabies prevalence are associated to edges in highly fragmented areas. Finally, D. rotundus feeds mostly in domestic animals, generally in cows followed by horses, pigs donkeys, goats, and dogs. Presence of domestic animals is related to hi ghly fragmented landscapes where contact rates between them and vam pire bats occur. Changes in land-use, fragmentation, and cattle expa nsion in tropical areas have promoted vampire bat population growth, and ra bies prevalence. This project is a model that can be extended to oth er areas in Mexico and represents a transdisciplinary and inter-institutio nal study that may help health authorities to prevent rabies outbreaks. Con servation and livestock management programs should be considered in rabies outbreaks prevention. SZODORAY-PARDI (F.), SZODORAY-PARDI (A.), NAGY (Z.), JRE (C.) & BCS (S.), 2010. Bat conservation programme in Padurea Craiului, Bihor, and Trascau Mountains, Romania:295. In: 15th International Bat Research Conference, Prague, 22-27 August 2010, the conference manual: Programme, abstracts, list of participants, edited by: Ivan HOR EK and Petr BENDA, ISBN 978-80-87154-46-5, 380 p. ABS: In the frame of the poster the authors will present a plan of th e complex conservation work concerning seven bat species (Myotis myotis M. oxygnathus Rhinolophus ferrumequinum R. hipposideros Miniopterus schreibersii Barbastella barbastellus Myotis bechsteinii ) in the northwestern part of Romania. Data concerning all aspects of bat activit y will be gathered. Will be checked roost sites used in different perio ds of the year, foraging habitats, connectivity structures used during fligh ts between shelters and feeding areas, migration routes. In all cases, appr opriate, cost-efficient methods will be used for data collection: visual ob servations and counts in roosts, evening emergence counts, capture of spe cimens near roosts, at foraging or drinking sites or along flight paths wi th mistnets, hand-nets and harp traps, use of ultrasound detectors and rin ging. We expect that by the end of the project on the basis of collected da ta, knowledge will be acquired about existing relations between roosts us ed in different periods of the year and feeding habitats. Comprehensive man agement plans will be compiled for the bat species targeted concerning all important issues of bats' seasonal activity and these management pla ns will be advanced to administrators and custodians of Natura 2000 sites and other protected areas to include them in the overall management pla ns of these sites. Beside this, specific conservation actions will be carried out: closing of 15 caves in a bat-friendly way, to minimize the dis turbance of bat colonies, control of tourism and modification of li ghting conditions in tourism oriented caves, placing out of artificial b at boxes to supply available shelters for forest dwelling bat species and to compensate in some measure the decline of old woodlands, and stop the human disturbance by warning signs. TAJOVSK (K.), 2010. 7. esko slovensk myriapodologick semin esk Bud jovice, esk republika, 8.-9.4.2010, sbornk abstrakt [7th Czech and Slovak worskhop on myriapodology, Ceske Budejovice, Czech Republic, April 8-9, 2010, abstract book], Karel TAJOVSK, ed., ISBN 978-80-86525-18-1. Voir: RENDOŠ (M.) & MOCK (A.), Aktivita viacnok (Myriapoda) a rovnakonok (Isopoda) v podzem zalesnenho su'ovho svahu NPR Sivec ( ierna hora, Slovensko) [Activity of Myriapoda and Isopoda under the surface of the stony debrise slope covered by lime-maple fo rest in the NNR Sivec ( ierna hora Mts., Slovakia)]:9-10, in Slovak. TALMI-FRANK (D.), KEDEM-VAANUNU (N.), KING (R.), BAR-GAL (G. K.), EDERY (N.), JAFFE (C. L.) & BANETH (G.), 2010. Leishmania tropica infection in golden jackals and red foxes, Israel. Emerging Infectious Diseases 16(12, December):1973-1975. DOI: TAPIERO (A.), 2010. Plan National d'Actions Chiroptres (2009-2013) Bilan 2009. Fdration des Conservato ires d'Espaces Naturels. TAQUET (P.) & LNA (P.), 2010. Les Acadmies des Sciences et l'enseignement de l'volution. TAYLOR (E. L. S.), DA SILVA (D. M.), FERREIRA TERRA (M.), ROBERTO BATISTA (L.) & LOPES FERREIRA (R.), 2010. Microbiologic study in a Brazilian cave: biodiversity, biotechnological pote ntial and toxin production:108-109, poster presentation. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICS B 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: The hypogean environment is a peculiar system and the habitat of many organisms.

PAGE 104

Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 104 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 Microorganisms are an important part of this subter ranean system. They may be associated with ecological and geological pr ocesses in this environment. These organisms may also produce many substances, such as enzymes and toxins. These substances may be of g reat biotechnological importance or offer risks. There a re almost no studies on the microbiological biodiversity, their importance and potential in Brazilian caves. The objective of this study was to access the microbiological diversity in the aphotic zone of a cave located in northeastern Brazil. The toxigenic and biotechnolog ical potentials of these microorganisms were tested with the objective of understanding better the potential and risks offered by cave micr oorganisms. The isolates were obtained through the exposure of Petr i dishes containing Dychloran Glycerol (DG-18) Agar and DRBC (Dichloran Rose Bengal Chloramphenicol) media for 20 minutes in the cave. After this proceeding, the Petri dishes were incubated for 7 d ays at 25C. The isolates were purified, identified and tested on th eir toxin (aflatoxins, ochratoxins) and enzymatic (amylase, protease, lipa se and pectinase) production. The enzymatic activity was obtained thr ough semiquantitative analyses. The toxin production was ana lyzed through a Thinlayer Chromatography of Plugs from agar cultures. A total of 17 species were identified among the 58 isolates obtained in t he cave: Aspergillus (13 spp.), Penicillium (2 spp.), Mucor (1 sp.), Cladosporium (1 sp.). Enzyme producing fungi were confirmed for lipase (2 1 isolates), amylase (22 isolates) and protease (16 isolates). Some spec ies presented high biotechnological potential. A total of 6 isolates p roduced ochratoxin A ( A. ochraceus, A. sclerotiorum, A. niger, Aspergillus sp. and A. sulphureus ) and 1 isolate ( Aspergillus flavus ) produced aflatoxin (B1 and B2). It was also possible to identify a possible new species of Aspergillus ( Asergillus sp.). The results highlight the need of more microb iological studies in subterranean environments in order to know the subt erranean microbiological biodiversity, the biotechnological potential of cave microorganisms and the risks they might be offering TAYLOR (E. L. S.), LOPES FERREIRA (R.) & DE RESENDE STOIANOFF (M. A.), 2010. Microbiological study for a management plan in a touristic cave in Brazil:109-110. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August -3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961269-286-5. ABS: Caves are stable environments with characteris tics favoring the development of microorganisms such as the filamentous fungi. However, there is a lack of studies on cave microbiology. Histoplasma capsulatum is one of the many fungi found in caves. This is a pathogenic species which may cause a lung disease named histoplasmosis. H. capulatum is a great concern to cave visitors due to its association with bat guano. Brazilian caves have be en historically used for ecological and religious tourism. The presence of pathogenic microorganisms may cause serious health problems. T he development of studies associated with management plans before ope ning a cave for tourism is of great importance. The present study i s part of a management plan already approved for a touristic cave in Brazi l. The objectives of this study were to verify the presence of possibly patho genic fungi in the cave, verify a possible influence of tourism on the microbiota, and elaborate a management plan including microbiologic al analyses for a touristic cave. For the isolation of H. capsulatum Petri dishes containing Brain-Heart Agar and Saburaud media were placed alo ng the cave and then incubated at 37C and 25C respectively. Soil, guano and suspicious material were also sampled for direct inoculation a nd dilution methods in Brain-Heart Agar and Saburaud (37C and 25C) media Petri dishes containing DRBC (Dichloran Rose Bengal Cloraphenico l) and Saburaud were also exposed along the cave for the isolation of other fungi and CFU(colony formation unit) analyses. No colonies of H. capsuluatum were identified by any of the methods. A total of s ix possibly pathogenic, toxin producers and/or allergenic species were iden tified. These species belonged to the genera Aspergillus ( A. japonicus and A. ochraceus ), Cladosporium ( C. cladosporioides and C. herbarum ) and Fusarium ( F. oxysporum and F. solani ). It was also possible to observe a significant variation of CFU in some sampling points during the intense tourism transit. A new visiting route was also suggested at the end of this study. The present study highlights the importance of stud ies on the underground microbiota, its biodiversity and the in clusion of microbiological studies in the management plans of touristic caves. TAYLOR (M. S.), BLECHLE (B. E.) & POBST (B. S.), 2010. Morphological divergence between cave and surface populations of the digger crayfish, Fallicambarus fodiens (Cottle, 1863) (Decapoda, Cambaridae). Crustaceana 83(11):1303-1313. DOI: ABS: Fallicambarus fodiens (Cottle, 1863), the digger crayfish, is widespread across lowland woods and other wetlands of the east ern United States. More recently, F. fodiens was discovered in two caves located in the Perryville Karst system in southeastern Missouri. W e performed multivariate analyses to explore whether morphologi cal divergence has occurred between cave and nearby surface population s of F. fodiens Our results revealed that cave individuals had signific antly longer antennae relative to surface individuals, and that cave fema les had longer abdomens relative to surface females. Sexual dimorp hism, independent of habitat, was also found. Males had larger chelae an d longer antennae, and females had larger tails. The presence of morpholog ically distinct F. fodiens in caves of the Perryville Karst further increases the already high biodiversity of this karst system. The Perryville K arst is associated with urban and agricultural areas, so the cave fauna sho uld be closely monitored to guard against a potentially detrimenta l impact from urban and agricultural pollution sources. RS: Fallicambarus fodiens (Cottle, 1863), l'crevisse fouisseuse, est largement distri bue dans les bois de faible altitude et autres zones humides de l'est de s tats-Unis. Plus rcemment F. fodiens a t dcouverte dans deux grottes localises dans le systme karstique de Perryville dans le sud-est du Misssouri. Nous avons ralis des analyses multifactorielles pour e xplorer si des divergences morphologiques sont apparues entre les populations proches de F. fodiens des grottes et celles de la surface. Nos rsultats rvlent que les individus des grottes ont significativement des antennes plus longues par rapport aux individus de surface, et que les fe melles des grottes ont des abdomens plus longs que les femelles de surface Un dimorphisme sexuel, indpendant de l'habitat, a aussi t trouv . Les mles ont des pinces plus larges et de plus longues antennes, et les femelles ont un abdomen plus large. La prsence de F. fodiens morphologiquement distinctes dans les grottes karstiques de Perryvill e augmente encore la, dj grande, biodiversit de ce systme karstique. Le karst de Perryville est associ des zones urbaines et agricoles, donc la faune des grottes devrait tre soigneusement contrle pour la protg er contre un impact destructeur potentiel partir de sources de pollut ion urbaines ou agricoles. THIBAUD (J.-M.), 2010. Les Collemboles, des Hexapodes vieux de 400 millions d'annes, cousins des Insecte s, si communs, mais si mconnus… Les Amis du Musum national d'Histoire naturelle 242(Juin):21-23. THORP (J. H.) & COVICH (A. P.), 2010. Chapter 2. An Overview of Inland Aquatic Habitats:25-47. In: Ecology and Classification of North American Freshwater Invertebrates ISBN: 978-0-12-374855-3, third edition, edited by James H. THORP and Alan P. COVICH. DOI: THORP (J. H.) & COVICH (A. P.), 2010. Ecology and Classification of North American Freshwater Invertebrates ISBN: 978-0-12-374855-3, third edition, edited by James H. THORP and Alan P. COVICH. BL: Voir: THORP (J. H.) & COVICH (A. P.), Chapter 2. An Overview of Inland Aquatic Habitats:25-47. TIAN (M. Y.), 2010. New records and new species of cavedwelling trechine beetles from Mulun Nature Reserve northern Guangxi, China (Insecta: Coleoptera: Carab idae: Trechinae). Subterranean Biology 7(2009, December):6973. TIERNO DE FIGUEROA (J. M.), L"PEZ-RODRGUEZ (M. J.), BAENA (M.) & PREZ FERNNDEZ (T.), 2010. Inventario de Fauna Caverncola de la Cueva del Nacimiento del Arroyo de San Blas (Siles, Jan, Esp aa). Propuesta de Conservacin y Gestin). Monografas Bioespelegicas 5:1-8. RES: Se realiza un inventario de de la fauna caverncola de la Cueva del Arroyo de San Blas (Sil es, Jan) y se enfocan

PAGE 105

Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 105 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 algunas ideas de conservacin y gestin de la cavid ad, debido a su importancia bioespeleolgica. TIERNO DE FIGUEROA (J. M.), L"PEZ-RODRGUEZ (M. J.) & PREZ FERNNDEZ (T.), 2010. Un plecptero endmico de la Cueva del Nacimiento del Arroyo de San Blas: Protonemura gevi. Bioespeleologa :120-125. En Historia de las Exploraciones y Catlogo de Cavidades del Trmino Municipal de Si les. Grupo de Espeleologa de Villacarrillo (G.E.V.) (ed .). RES: Se cita el endemismo del plecptero descrito recien temente endmico de una cavidad de Siles y con adaptaciones al medio su bterrneo. TIMMER (J.), 2010. Extinction spreads like a fungus among North America's bats. Science ?. DOI: BL: Cf WNS, Geomyces destructans TIMPONE (J. C.), BOYLES (J. G.), MURRAY (K. L.), AUBREY (D. P.) & ROBBINS (L. W.), 2010. Overlap in Roosting Habits of Indiana Bats ( Myotis sodalis ) and Northern Bats ( Myotis septenrionalis ). American Midland Naturalist 163(1, January):115-123. TKAVC (R.), SONJAK (S.) & GUNDE-CIMERMAN (N.), 2010. Entomopathogenic fungi associated with two troglophilic moths Scoliopteryx libatrix L. and Triphosa dubitata L.:110. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August -3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961269-286-5. ABS: Entomopathogenic fungi are very important ecological factors for they influence the insect po pulation size, diversity and distribution and play an important role in nutr ient cycling in hypogean environments. Imagos and imago cadavers of troglophilic moths Scoliopteryx libatrix and Triphosa dubitata were sampled in 10 different limestone caves in Slovenian karst. From aseptically isolated intestine of sacrificed imagos we couldn't isolate any fungi. From imagos' cadavers entomopathogenic fungi were isolated and i dentified on the basis of macroand micromorphology and on the basi s of nucleotide sequence of the ITS1-5,8S rRNA-ITS2 region. From ca davers three different fungal species were isolated: Beauveria bassiana Isaria farinosa and Lecanicillium fusisporum Fungal species Beauveria bassiana was isolated most frequently, although it wasn't ev er isolated from Scoliopteryx libatrix and Triphosa dubitata before. The population structure of isolated strains of the species was an alysed by amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP). We found out t hat the majority of the strains had a low rate of polymorphism and t hat strains isolated from Scoliopteryx libatrix cadaver group together regarding sampling location, while strains isolated from Triphosa dubitata imago cadavers were in contrast very different. TOBLER (M.), CULUMBER (Z. W.), PLATH (M.), WINEMILLER (K. O.) & ROSENTHAL (G. G.), 2010. An indigenous religious ritual selects for resistan ce to a toxicant in a livebearing fish. Biology Letters published online before print September 8. DOI: ABS: Humaninduced environmental change can affect the evoluti onary trajectory of populations. In Mexico, indigenous Zoque people ann ually introduce barbasco, a fish toxicant, into the Cueva del Azufr e to harvest fish during a religious ceremony. Here, we investigated toleran ce to barbasco in fish from sites exposed and unexposed to the ritual. We found that barbasco tolerance increases with body size and differs betw een the sexes. Furthermore, fish from sites exposed to the ceremon y had a significantly higher tolerance. Consequently, the annual ceremony may not only affect population structure and gene flow among habitat ty pes, but the increased tolerance in exposed fish may indicate adaptation t o human cultural practices in a natural population on a very small s patial scale. KW: Adaptation, anthropogenic disturbance, barbasco, ca vefish, rotenone, Poecilia mexicana TOMLINSON (M.) & BOULTON (A. J.), 2010. Ecology and management of subsurface groundwater dependent ecosystems in Australia a review. Marine and Freshwater Research 61(8):936-949. DOI: ABS: As demand for consumptive use of groundwater escalates, the need for careful management becomes more pressing. Water reforms in Australia require explicit recognition of environmental needs in wate r resource plans, but subsurface groundwater dependent ecosystems (SGDEs) are rarely provided for. The ecological values of these seques tered ecosystems are not well documented and are readily overlooked. We review the biodiversity, ecological processes and ecosystem se rvices of Australian SGDEs and highlight the ecological relevance of the ir connectivity with other ecosystems. A lack of attention to SGDEs in g roundwater plans risks inadequate provision for environmental water requirements with probable impacts on ecological values, water qualit y and ecosystem goods and services in SGDEs and connected ecosystem s. We suggest an ecohydrogeological approach to understanding the im plications of anthropogenic disturbance on SGDEs based on their c onnectivity to other ecosystems and aquifer permeability. As well as a t emplate for comparative research on the biogeochemistry and eco logy of SGDEs in Australia and overseas, this conceptual tool has po tential application in conservation planning, water resource assessment an d environmental impact assessment. KW: Aquatic conservation, aquife r permeability, ecohydrogeology, environmental water requirements, groundwater regime, stygofauna, water resources. TORRES-TALAMANTE (O.), 2010. Food webs in Mexican Carribean Caves:95, poster presentation. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICS B 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: Anchialine ecology is needed for both decision-making and cons ervation strategies establishment of these vulnerable ecosystems. The M exican Caribbean coast requires special attention due to explosive u rban expansion in response to tourism development. On the other hand anchialine research is young and quite challenging so food webs studies are scarce in anchialine systems and the lack of baseline make co mparisons difficult. Stable isotopes are a powerful tool and an informat ive starting point to elucidate the origin of organic matter and diets in anchialine ecosystems. Along with stable isotopes, nutrients concentration s, pH and dissolved oxygen will help to elucidate trophic dynamics betw een pristine caves and those with an anthropogenic signal. Historic an d recent stable isotope studies in Mexican Caribbean coast show variation w ithin and among species, and between different areas, suggesting va riation in the sources of organic matter input into the anchialine systems Results from an anchialine cave in Mexico show huge variations. Aty id shrimp show variations of d13C >15‰ and d15N >10‰, amphipods sh ow variation of d13C 9‰ and d15N >10‰. Diet assessment using gut co ntent and mixing equations for stable isotopes, indicates tha t omnivory is a strategy in Remipedia. The same cave shows the world's highe st abundances of Remipedia (Crustacea). Remipeds censuses have been conducted in 2001, 2007, 2009 and monthly during 2010. TOURNIER (T.), 2010. Explorations en Thalande. C. R. E. I. (Commission Relations et Expditions Internation ales) de la F. F. S. (Fdration Franaise de Splologie ), 104 p. TOWNSEND (J. I.), 2010. Trechini (Insecta: Coleoptera: Carabidae: Trechinae). Fauna of New Zealand [Ko te Aitanga Pepeke o Aotearoa] 62, 101 p. Lincoln, Canterbury, New Zealand. TRAJANO (E.), 2010. Source versus sink populations concept applied to the Schiner-Racovitza classifica tion of subterranean organisms:174. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slove nia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: One of the most interesting and useful recent concepts in speleobiology is the distinction between source and sink populations: a sink population, if cut off fro m all other migrants, eventually becomes extinct, whereas a source popula tions has excess production and continues to grow if isolated. Sink populations are habitatlevel phenomena, corresponding to stranded g roups of individuals in habitats less than suitable (in terms of space, food and other resources necessary for selfsustained, source populations). T herefore, their presence

PAGE 106

Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 106 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 in such habitats is unpredictable. Cases of putativ e sink populations are known among stygobites observed in peripheral habit ats such as intermittent pools fed by seeps in the vadose zone of caves (e. g., Stygobromus emarginatus amphipods in Organ Cave, USA; Ituglanis epikarstikus catfish in rimstone pools in Sao Mateus Cave, Brazi l). Other examples include stygobitic Trichomycterus catfish in Lapa do Peixe, Brazil (source population is somewhere else in the cave system) and nontroglomorphic Aegla decapods in Barra Bonita Cave, Brazil (source population in epigean streams). When applied to the Schiner-Racovitza classification, this conceptualization leads to cle arer and biologically meaningful definitions of the three categories clas sically recognized: 1. troglobites (stygobites) correspond to exclusively subterranean source populations, with sink populations possibly found i n surface habitats; 2. troglophiles (stygophiles) include source populatio ns both in hypogean and epigean habitats, with individuals regularly co mmuting between these habitats, promoting the introgression of gene s selected under epigean regimes into subterranean populations (and vice-versa); 3. trogloxenes (stygoxenes) are instances of source po pulations in epigean habitats, but using subterranean resources (in the so-called obligatory trogloxenes, all individuals are dependent on both surface and subterranean resources). Sink populations do not fi t the SchinerRacovitza scheme, unless one considers stranded tro globitic or stygobitic individuals as part of the subterranean source popu lation from which they originated (e. g., the above mentioned Ituglanis and Trichomycterus catfishes). TRAJANO (E.) & BICHUETTE (M. E.), 2010. Chapter 9. Subterranean Fishes of Brazil:331-356. DOI: In: TRAJANO (E.), BICHUETTE (M. E.) & KAPOOR (B. G.), Biology of Subterranean Fishes. Edited by TRAJANO (E.), BICHUETTE (M. E.) & KAPOOR (B. G.). ISBN: 978-1-57808-670-2. eBook ISBN: 978-1-4398-4048-1. Science Publishers 2010. 460 p. TRAJANO (E.) & BICHUETTE (M. E.), 2010. Diversity of Brazilian subterranean invertebrates, with a list o f troglomorphic taxa. Subterranean Biology 7(2009, December):1-16. ABS: The taxonomic diversity of invertebrates found in Brazilian caves and other subterranean hab itats is presented, with a brief history of scientific investigations i n the country and data on their distribution and biology. Similarities and di fferences in relation to other tropical and temperate regions are pointed to An updated list of subterranean troglomorphic taxa is also presented. KW: Subterranean biodiversity, invertebrates, Brazil, troglomorphic taxa, distribution. TRAJANO (E.) & BICHUETTE (M. E.), 2010. Preface:vvi. DOI: In: TRAJANO (E.), BICHUETTE (M. E.) & KAPOOR (B. G.), Biology of Subterranean Fishes. Edited by TRAJANO (E.), BICHUETTE (M. E.) & KAPOOR (B. G.). ISBN: 978-1-57808-670-2. eBook ISBN: 978-1-4398-4048-1. Science Publishers 2010. 460 p. TRAJANO (E.), HERRERO (J. C. H.) & MENNABARRETO (L.), 2010. Chronobiological studies on Brazilian subterranean fishes: a summary and new da ta on locomotor activity rhythms under light-dark cycles: 124. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: The Brazilian subterranean ichthyofauna includes the la rgest number of species investigated with focus on rhythmicity. So far, 11 among 26 troglomorphic fishes have been studied under free-r unning conditions (DD) and light-dark cycles (LD 12:12 h): the charac id Stygichthys typhlops and, among catfishes, the heptapterids Pimelodella kronei P. spelaea Rhamdia enfurnada and three Rhamdiopsis spp., the trichomycterids Trichomycterus itacarambiensis and two Trichomycterus spp., and the callichthyid Aspidoras sp. Regression of mechanisms of time control of the locomotor activity has been sho wn for all studied fishes, in a lower or higher degree paralleling tha t of reduction of eyes and pigmentation. Individuals of highly troglomorph ic species, such as S. typhlops and Rhamdiopsis sp. from Campo Formoso, were arrhythmic under free-running conditions, whereas in less trog lomorphic fishes (e. g., R. enfurnada P. spelaea P. kronei Rhamdiopsis from Salitre Cave) part of the individuals retained significant circadian r hythms; interestingly, larger (probably older) individuals tend to present weaker rhythms. In general, the activity peaks were observed in the da rk phases, indicating that these peaks correspond to a character state re tained from the nocturnal ancestors. When submitted to LD cycles, l ocomotor activity was entrained in all studied individuals, except fo r S. typhlops fish (most specimens did not respond to this condition). Indiv idual variation regarding the presence (or not) of residual oscilla tions when the fish returned to free-running conditions was observed in the studied species except for the highly specialized S. typhlops and Rhamdiopsis sp. The absence of such oscillations indicates a masking ef fect of LD cycles. Data on subterranean fishes provide good evidence for th e hypothesis of evolutionary regression of time-control mechanisms involved in locomotor activity in troglobitic organisms, either affecting the oscillator(s) itself or due to uncoupling of the os cillator and its related function(s), supporting the hypothesis of external, ecological selection of circadian rhythms. TRAJANO (E.) & PAVANI (M. P.), 2010. Related and yet different: behavioral differences between troglobit ic heptapterid catfishes, Pimelodella kronei and Rhamdia spp.:125, poster presentation. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slove nia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: Species of Pimelodella and Rhamdia have adjacent placements within the Heptapteridae p hylogeny, and are similar in general appearance, distribution and hab itat preferences and food habitats species of both genera are generali st carnivores, with Rhamdia tending to be more benthonic, reaching larger sizes and incorporating fish in their diet. Ecological studie s on the Brazilian troglobitic P. kronei and R. enfurnada did not reveal any differences which could not be attributed to habitat specificit ies. However, important behavioral differences were observed in laboratory. Chronobiological studies indicated that, in aquaria, P. kronei exhibits higher levels of spontaneous activity, with shorter intervals withou t detectable locomotor activity (less than 30 min.), whereas R. enfurnada may remain stationary for hours; this may reflect differences in the epig ean ancestors since large Rhamdia catfishes are sit-and-wait predators. P. kronei presents more organized and distinctive, therefore predictable, p atterns of chemical communication at distance, more clearly related to size and sex (small individuals generally avoid water from cospecifics, larger males are usually attracted) than in R. enfurnada in which reaction to cospecifics varied from indifference to attraction; when detect ed, such responses were delayed in relation to the observed for P. kronei possibly as a correlate to the lower activity levels in R. enfurnada A new troglomorphic Rhamdia species from Bodoquena karst area, NW Brazil, also studied, was intermediate in these aspects. Li kewise, patterns of aggressiveness are distinct. Agonistic interactions are more frequent in P. kronei and include a richer behavioral repertoire, not lea ding directly to death, indicating a ritualized behavior. In opposit ion, such interactions, rarely observed in R. enfurnada kept in groups, are less defined but, when occurring (usually among larger individuals), they lead rapidly to casualties. TSCHERTER (C.) & CAILHOL (D.), 2010. Courrier de la Fdration Franaise de Splologie, Commission Environnement et Scientifique, du 11 Aot 2010. Obj et: Stratgies de cration d'aires protges. 5 p. TSCHERTER (C.), CAILHOL (D.) & D'ANTONINOBCOURT (J.-C.), 2010. Commissions environnement et scientifique. La splologie et le s espaces protgs: une contrainte ou une opportunit pour l'avenir? Spelunca 119(Septembre, 3e trimestre):60-63. TSOAR (A.), NATHAN (R.), BARTAN (Y.), DELL'OMO (G.), VYSSOTSKI (A. L.) & ULANOVSKY (N.), 2010. P 158. GPS tracking of Egyptian fruit bats: First e vidence for large-scale navigational map in a mammal:589. I n: 9th International Congress of Neuroethology Salamanca (Spain), 2-7 August 2010. Sponsored by the Internat ional Society for Neuroethology ( Abst racts. ABS: The ability to navigate is crucial for animals yet navigational

PAGE 107

Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 107 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 mechanisms are poorly understood, especially in mam mals. Here we report the first high-resolution GPS-tracking of ba ts. When GPS-tagged bats were released near their cave, they exhibited high, fast and very straight commuting flights from their cave to remot e fruit-trees, and bats returned to the same trees night-after-night. Bats displaced 44-km south homed directly to one of two goal locations familia r fruit-tree or cave ruling out beaconing, route-following, or path-inte gration navigational mechanisms. Bats released within a deep natural cra ter were initially severely disoriented but eventually left the crater towards the home direction and homed successfully, while bats releas ed at the crater-edge top homed directly suggesting navigation guided pri marily but not exclusively by distal visual landmarks. Overall, th ese results provide the first evidence for large-scale navigational map in mammals. TSOAR (A.), ULANOVSKY (N.), BARTAN (Y.), ALTSTEIN (O.), DELL'OMO (G.), VYSSOTSKI (A. L.) & NATHAN (R.), 2010. Movement ecology of GPStracked Rousettus aegyptiacus : Unexpected foraging movements in a predicable heterogeneous landscape:3 00301. In: 15th International Bat Research Conference, Prague, 22-27 August 2010, the conference manual: Programme, abstracts, list of participants, edited by: Ivan HOR EK and Petr BENDA, ISBN 978-80-87154-46-5, 380 p. ABS: Optimal foraging theory asserts that an optima l forager should minimize energetic and risk costs associated with movement while maximizing the gain from food consumption during th e foraging bout. Therefore, all else being equal, nearby food source s are expected to be favored by central place foragers over distant ones Recent miniaturization and power reduction in GPS technolo gy enables us, for the first time, to assess this basic prediction by monitoring bat movements over relatively large spatial scales with high spat iotemporal resolution. Using a miniature GPS datalogger (mass range 6.9-11 .1 g), we collected high resolution, three-dimensional, location data o f Egyptian fruit bats ( Rousettus aegyptiacus ). Bats were captured upon departure from their cave, equipped with a GPS data logger on their back and released at the capture site (N=28). Tracked fruit bats exhibited l ong (14.63.7 km), straight (straightness index: 0.960.03) and fast ( 33.05.2 km/hr) continuous commuting flights in relatively high alt itudes above ground level (10852.6 m) upon departing from their roost after sunset and while flying back from the foraging site to the roost bef ore sunrise. Bats exhibited high fidelity to their foraging tree, ret urning to the same fruit tree night after night (97.5% of the foraging bats flew repeatedly to the same location within 3 consecutive nights), often u sing the same flyway. In all but one case, bats did not select the closes t fruit tree to forage from, but flew to large distances passing on their way ma ny trees of the same species and ripeness state. Bats were also found to be loyal to their roost, yet occasionally switch to neighboring roosts. This roost switch might result from capture trauma or attributed to minimiz ation of nightly foraging flights. TURJAK (M.) & TRONTELJ (P.), 2010. A new tree-based method for the quantitative analysis of phylogeneti c character patterns: a case study with Niphargus (Amphipoda; Crustacea):175. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slove nia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: We have developed a new method for calculating the probabilities of a character being synapomorphic for particular clades. It is based on the pattern of ch aracter states distribution among taxa, using tree topology as a computational framework representing only the hierarchical structure of the clades. In this case study we explored the phylogenetic patterns of morp hological variability in the subterranean amphipod genus Niphargus Traditional systematics of the genus has relied on general body shape, size and some combination of morphological characters to group the 300 or mor e taxa into infrageneric groups. We used a recent molecular top ology to map the characters of interest. As expected, and as has alr eady been shown earlier, we could confirm that the same morphological types have evolved in different clades independently, pointing to extensi ve parallel evolution in subterranean aquatic environments. Our approach ena bles a wide range of analyses and comparisons as it measures the probabi lity of a given character being synapomorphic in a given monophylet ic group. What makes it new and different is that the probability is calculated directly from the phylogenetic pattern, without having to re ly on a particular model of evolutionary character transformation like a probabilistic substitution model or the parsimony principle. TURQUIN (M.-J.), 2010. Le paradoxe de la biodiversit du milieu souterrain [The paradox of the biodiversity of the underground world]. Bulletin mensuel de la Socit linnenne de Lyon hors-srie n 2:? RS: Contrairement aux milieux de surface, l'cosystme cavernicole est si simple qu'il ne peut abriter que quelques espces qui exhibent les mmes exigences dans toutes les grottes du monde. Paradoxalement une div ersit spcifique faible est donc un gage de qualit, et on peut mme parler de climax depuis 15000 ans au minimum. De fait, 150 ans aprs la dcouverte d'une vie spcialise dans les grottes, les inventaires d es divers massifs calcaires sont achevs, avec rarement la dcouverte d'une espce nouvelle. En revanche, lorsque le milieu souterrain devient eutrophe cause d'une frquentation excessive ou d'une pollut ion par la surface, des espces allochtones plus grande valence cologiqu e, s'y installent. En soixante ans certaines grottes se sont dgrades, d 'autres amliores en fonction des alas de leur utilisation. Mais les tr oglobies survivent et se dispersent dans les msocavernes, fissures, et drai ns qui constituent le Milieu Souterrain Superficiel. ABS: Contrary to the environment of surface, the cave ecosystem is so simple as to shel ter only species which show the same requirements in all the caves of the world. Paradoxically a low specific variety is thus a quality index, and w e can even speak about climax for 15000 years at least. Actually, 150 year s after the discovery of a life specialized in caves, inventories of the div erse calcareous massifs are complete, with rarely the discovery of a new sp ecies. On the other hand, when the underground habitat becomes eutrophi c because of an increase in visit frequency or a pollution from the surface, allochthonous species with wide ecological valency, settle down t here. In sixty years certain caves degraded, the others were improved ac cording to the consequence of their use. But cave-dwellers survive and scatter in lateral cavities, cracks, and drains which constitute the S uperficial Underground Environment. TURQUIN (M.-J.), 2010. Progrs dans la connaissance de la mtagnse chez Craspedacusta sowerbii (= sowerbyi ) (Limnomduse, Olindiidae). Bourgogne-Nature 9/10:162174 TURQUIN (M.-J.), MARTIN (D.), COLSON (C.), GINET (R.), CREUZ DES CHTELLIERS (M.), MALARD (F.), HERVANT (F.), REYGROBELLET (J.-L.), PAPIN (A.), MERMILLOD-BLONDIN (F.), DOUADY (C.), PISCART (C.), SIMON (L.), FOULQUIER (A.) & NAVEL (S.), 2010. Janine GIBERT, 29 August 1945 14 April 2009. SIBIOS-ISSB Newsletter 7(2006-2010):44-46. UHRIN (M.), KA UCH (P.), KRIŠTOFK (J.) & PAULE (L.), 2010. Phenotypic plasticity in the greater mouseeared bat in extremely different roost conditions. Acta Theriologica 55(2, April):153-164. DOI: ABS: Bats use various roost types with a wide spectrum o f ecological features. The greater mouse-eared bat Myotis myotis (Borkhausen, 1797), creates nurseries in attics and caves in Central Europe. Th e stable low temperature and high humidity cave microclimate con trasts that of attics, which may alter species adaptations and life strate gies. We analysed population characteristics (composition, body condi tion, parasite load, and immune response) and genetic relatedness of two proximal M. myotis populations. Age, sexual and parasite species compo sition were similar between the cave and attic sites. However, a signif icantly higher parasite load and body condition was detected in the post-pa rtum females and juveniles of the cave colony (n = 263 bats from the cave, 231 from the attic), with the cave colony females having a signi ficantly stronger immune response (n = 2 caves and 2 attics, 20 femal es per site). There was no evidence for genetic divergence between cave and attic populations (n = 3 caves and 3 attics, 24 females p er site), indicating that different population characteristics are not geneti cally based and that M. myotis is an example of a species with rather unique phen otypic plasticity. KW: Chiroptera, Ecology, Immunity, Para sites, Population genetics. UJVRI (Z.), 2010. First records of zerconid mites (Acari: Mesostigmata: Zerconidae) from Albania, with descri ption

PAGE 108

Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 108 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 of three new species. Opuscula Zoologica 41(1):57-75. ULANOVSKY (N.), TSOAR (A.), BARTAN (Y.), ALTSTEIN (O.), DELL'OMO (G.), VYSSOTSKI (A. L.), YOVEL (Y.) & NATHAN (R.), 2010. GPS tracking of Rousettus aegyptiacus : First evidence for large-scale navigational map in a mammal:302. In: 15th International Bat Research Conference, Prague, 22-27 August 2010, the conference manual: Programme, abstracts, list of participants, edited by: Ivan HOR EK and Petr BENDA, ISBN 978-80-87154-46-5, 380 p. ABS: The ability to navigate is crucial for animals, yet navigationa l mechanisms are poorly understood, especially in mammals. Here we report t he first GPS-tracking of bats. Egyptian fruit bats commuted from their ca ve to a remote fruittree in high, fast and very straight flights, and r eturned to the same individual feeding-tree night after night. Bats tha t were displaced 44 km south homed to one of two goal locations cave or feeding-tree that allowed ruling out navigation based on beaconing, r oute-following, or path-integration mechanisms, and suggested instead map-based navigation. Bats released within a deep natural cra ter exhibited severe disorientation, while bats released atop crater-edg e homed well indicating navigation by the geometric configuratio n of distal visual landmarks. These results provide the first evidence for large-scale navigational map in mammals. ULMEN (K.), NEWZELLA (R.), HUBWEBER (L.), SCHMITT (M.), KLUG (T.) & AHRENS (D.) 2010. Contribution to a catalogue of types preserved in t he collection of Zoologisches Forschungsmuseum Alexand er KOENIG (ZFMK): Coleoptera: 1. Checklist of taxa. Bonn zoological Bulletin 58(November):5-48. United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), 201 0. Environmental Assessment. Reducing Bird Damage Through an Integrated Wildlife Damage Management Program in the State of North Carolina. Prepared by : United States Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Wildlife Services, September 2010, 159 p. United States Department of Agriculture Forest Serv ice Southern Region, 2010. Species Diversity Report. George Washington National Forest. March 2010. Draft, 61 p United States Fish & Wildlife Service, 2010. ? Federal Register 75(23, Thursday, February 4, 2010-Notices):?5803. United States Fish & Wildlife Service, 2010. Environmental Impact Statement and Habitat Conservation Plan for the Incidental Take of Seven Federally Listed Species b y the Edwards Aquifer Recovery Implementation Program. Federal Register 75(43, Friday, March 5, 2010Notices):10305-10307. URZ (C.), DE LEO (F.), BRUNO (L.) & ALBERTANO (P.), 2010. Microbial Diversity in Paleolithic Caves: A Study Case on the Phototrophic Biofilms of the Cave of Bats (Zuheros, Spain). Microbial Ecology 60(1):116-129. DOI: ABS: The biological colonization of rocks in the Cave of Bats (Cueva de Los Murcilagos, Zuheros, Spain) was studied in order t o reveal the diversity of microorganisms involved in the biofilm formation The culturable, metabolically active fraction of biodeteriogens pre sent on surfaces was investigated focusing on morphological, ultrastruct ural, and genetic features, and their presence related to the peculia r environmental conditions of the underground site. PCR-ITS analysi s and 16S rDNA sequences were used to clusterize and characterize the isolated strains. The presence of bacterial taxa associated to the ph otosynthetic microflora and fungi within the biofilm contributed to clarify the relationships inside the microbial community and to explain the alterati on observed at the different sites. These results will contribute to t he application of more successful strategies for the preventive conservati on of subterranean archaeological sites. VAN SOEST (R. W. M.) & BAKER (B. J.), 2010. A new carnivorous shallow-water sponge from McMurdo Sound Antarctica (Porifera, Poecilosclerida). Marine Biodiversity Online First™, 1 December 2010. DOI: ABS: A new shallow-water representative of the carnviorous spo nge genus Asbestopluma is described from the southernmost Antarctic regio n of McMurdo Sound. Asbestopluma (Asbestopluma) vaceleti n. sp. is a white, thin, sparingly branched sponge fringed by filament s along its entire length, with a slight thickening at the top of the branches. It was collected at 30 m depth by SCUBA divers from under densely po pulated overhangs of rocky substrata. The new species stands out amon g Antarctic Asbestopluma by the possession of forceps microscleres, a featu re shared with several species from Arctic-Boreal waters (bat hyal to deep-sea) and one from the Kermadec Trench (deep sea), but not pr eviously reported from Antarctic species. A unique trait of the new s pecies distinguishing it from all forceps-bearing Asbestopluma is a second category of reduced anisochelae. The new species is most similar to A. hypogea a shallowwater cave species from the Mediterranean, which di ffers in having a smooth stalk and a filament-bearing ovoid body. A c omparison is made with descriptions of Antarctic Asbestopluma species and all species possessing forceps microscleres. KW: Antarctica, Ca rnivorous sponge, Asbestopluma New species. VAN TRUMP (W. J.), COOMBS (S.), DUNCAN (K.) & McHENRY (M.), 2010. P 317. Gentamicin disrupts both receptor classes in the lateral line system:643. In : 9th International Congress of Neuroethology Salamanca (Spain), 2-7 August 2010. Sponsored by the Internat ional Society for Neuroethology ( Abst racts. ABS: Many behaviors exhibited by aquatic animals re ly on the ability to sense water flow. In fish, flow sensation is mediat ed by hair cells within the lateral line system. This system is composed of two classes of receptors: superficial and canal neuromasts. Etholo gical investigations have sought to separate the roles of these two rece ptor classes using an aminoglycoside antibiotic, gentamicin. Gentamicin i s believed to disrupt the function of canal, but not superficial, neuroma sts. We tested this theory in vivo. In this study we used florescent vi tal dyes (DASPEI and FM1-43) following exposure to a solution of gentami cin. Contrary to the prevailing assumptions, we found that gentamicin di srupts the hair cells in both receptor classes. A significant effect was found for both the superficial and canal neuromasts of two different f ish species ( Astyanax mexicanus and Danio rerio ). Furthermore, by labeling hair cells prior to gentamicin exposure, we observed that, in both clas ses, disrupted hair cell function is at least partially due to cell death. W e conclude that gentamicin is not a reliably selective blocker of c anal neuromasts. In light of this result, we have revisited the effect of gen tamicin exposure on rheotaxis, an unconditioned orienting response to w ater flow. Prior studies have concluded that gentamicin exposure doe s not affect the rheotactic response, and that canal neuromasts are not important for rheotaxis. However, after carefully validating drug exposure with vital dye staining, we found that gentamicin exposure dis rupted rheotaxis in the blind Mexican cave fish, Astyanax mexicanus These results demand re-evaluation of many prior behavioral studies of t he lateral line system. VANDEN BORRE (P.), 2010. Journe spciale splo Han-sur-Lesse et grotte du Fayt Jemelle. L'cho des Rhinos 58(Dcembre 2009-Janvier 2010):2-3. VAUGHAN (T. A.), RYAN (J. M.) & CZAPLEWSKI (N. J.), 2010. Mammalogy Fifth edition. Jones & Bartlett Learning, 750 p. ABS: Mammalogy is the study of mammals from the diverse biological viewpoints of structure, fun ction, evolutionary history, behavior, ecology, classification, and eco nomics. Newly revised and updated, the fifth edition of Mammalogy aims to explain and clarify the subject as a unified whole. In recent years we have witnessed significant changes in the taxonomy of mammals. The authors have kept pace with such changes in the field and have revise d each chapter to reflect the most current data available. New pedago gical elements, including chapter outlines and further reading sect ions, help readers grasp key concepts and explore additional content on thei r own. Two new chapters on domestication and mammal diseases are a vailable on the Mammalogy website.

PAGE 109

Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 109 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 ec=frontcover#v =onepage&q&f=false VEROVNIK (R.), STOCH (F) & SKET (B.), 2010. Phylogeny of the western taxa of the genus Monolistra (Crustacea: Isopoda: Sphaeromatidae):68-69. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICS B 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: The exclusively subterranean genus Monolistra is predominantly distributed in the Dinarides; however some species penetrate westwards along the Southern Limestone Alps in Italy, reaching western Lombardia and Ticino in Switzerland. In order to highlight the phylogenetic relationships of the westernmost taxa, combined sequences of 28S, 16S an d 12S r-DNA fragments in total length of pruned sequences of 18 32 bp were analysed using Bayesian inference. The phylogram is characte rised by three main clades with all taxa inhabiting the Alpine region r epresenting a well supported (93%) monophylum. The branching order wit hin the Alpine clade in the phylogram indicates a stepwise differe ntiation of Alpine species mainly in direction from West towards East. This is well exemplified by the well supported (100%) sister spe cies relationship of two westernmost taxa, M. (T.) pavani and M. (T.) boldorii bergomas All but one taxon in this clade belongs to the subgenus Typhlosphaeroma Namely, the M. coeca julia which is nested within Alpine clade, is morphologically more similar to species of the supp osed plesiomorphic subgenus Monolistra characterized by developed uropods. Geographically M. coeca julia inhabits the transition area, including parts of the Alpine and the Dinaric karst. On the other h and, M. (T.) racovitzai is the only representative of the Typhlosphaeroma subgenus in the Dinaric clade, forming a well supported monophylum with the species of all the other subgenera also limited to the Dinarid es. This species and the species of the subgenus Microlistra are the most recent invaders at the NW edge of the Dinarides, with very little or no ge netic differentiation among populations; however their distribution area does not override the western border of the Carso/Kras in Italy. Given th e surprisingly large genetic divergence observed, the taxonomic rank of some taxa needs to be revised. VIDAL (O.), 2010. L'vnement. Europe. Groupe de travail sur le White Nose Syndrome (WNS). Spelunca 117(Mars, 1er trimestre):3. VINCENT (S.), 2010. Plodyte ponctu, Pelodytes punctatus (Daudin, 1803):36-37. In: Groupe Herptologique Drmois & LPO Drme, Atlas prliminaire des Reptiles et des Amphibiens de la Drme. ISBN: 978-2-9534797-1-3, Septembre 2010, 107 p. BL: Cf p. 36: "Fait notable, le plodyte est une espce que l'on rencontre rgulirement en cavi ts souterraines, milieu qu'il utilise pour hiverner. Il a ainsi rgu lirement t observ dans des grottes drmoises lors de recensements des chau ves-souris (grotte de Baume Sourde par exemple)". VIŠ OVSK (Z.), 2010. Species diversity and distribution of aquatic Crustacea in caves of Slovakia (Central Europe, Western Carpathians):146-147, poster presentation. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICS B 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: The paper summarises the data from all available published so urces (mainly of O. Št A rba, S. Hrab A M. Straškraba, V. Košel, I. Hudec) and the author 's own stygobiological research realized during 2002-2009. Slovakia is rich in caves (more than 5500), but relatively poor in styg obiotic or endemic crustacean species in comparison with karstic areas of southern Europe (mainly Balkan Peninsula). In total, 27 Copepoda (b elonging to families Cyclopidae, Canthocamptidae, Diaptomidae), 4 Amphip oda (Gammaridae, Niphargidae, Crangonyctidae), 1 Syncar ida (Bathynellidae), 2 Ostracoda (Ilyocyprididae, Cando nidae) and 9 Cladocera (Daphniidae, Chydoridae) species have bee n recorded from water habitats inside the Slovak caves up to date. Among them, 23 species can be considered as stygobiotic or stygoph ilic. Of the subterranean crustaceans, Niphargus tatrensis and Bathynella natans are typical inhabitants of the cave waters, such as poo ls, hyporheic interstitial (mostly B. natans ), as well as running waters or springs flowing out of caves (mostly N. tatrensis ) in various parts of the country. The DinaricCarpathian endemic amphipod Synurella intermedia is known from four Slovak caves, and another species, Niphargus inopinatus only from the Bojnicka hradna Cave near the Prievidza town. The c ommon epigeic Gammarus fossarum tends to move in the hypogean environment. Its permanent and numerous populations showing a certai n degree of reduction in eyes and pigmentation, were recorded i n several underground streams (e. g. Brestovska Cave, Drienov ska Cave, Milada Cave). Harpacticoida are represented mostly by memb ers of the genera Elaphoidella ( E. pseudophreatica E. phreatica E. proserpina ), Bryocamptus ( B. zschokkei B. echinatus B. typhlops B. spinulosus ), in some cases also by Maraenobiotus vejdovskyi Paracamptus schmeili and Epactophanes richardi Of the 15 cyclopid copepods, the most diversified genus is Diacyclops with its 6 taxa of languidoides-languidus group. Stygobiotic Acanthocyclops venustus Microcyclops rubellus and stygophilic Paracyclops fimbriatus are also present. Ostracoda are known from several caves, but their taxonomic status is s till unknown. Of all only two species have been identified: Ilyocypris bradyi from the Borova hora Cave within the Zvolenska kotlina geomorpholog ic unit and Cryptocandona dudichi from the Domica-Baradla cave system in the region of Hungary-Slovakia boundary zone. No stygob iotic Cladocera and Calanoida are known from Slovakia up to date. F indings of aquatic Isopoda from cave waters are absent. VITTORI (M.), NIDARŠI (N.) & ŠTRUS (J.), 2010. The gland-piliferous organs of Titanethes albus (Crustacea: Isopoda):126. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slove nia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: Gland-piliferous organs, male-specific structures with numerous setae and pores, character ize many species in the family Trichoniscidae. These structures are fou nd primarily in the cave-dwelling representatives of this terrestrial i sopod family, most notably in the genera Trichoniscus and Titanethes In different species, variously shaped organs can be found on the dorsal side of different body segments. Although these structures have been analy zed in some detail in the genus Trichoniscus by other authors, such an analysis in Titanethes is lacking, leaving many open questions concerning the ir function and origin. In Titanethes albus a large troglobitic trichoniscid inhabiting the caves of northern Dinaric Karst, the gland-pilifero us organs appear as paired bulges on the dorsal surface of the fourth p leonite in males but are absent in females and juveniles. Their external sha pe and porous nature have been described by several authors and it has b een suggested that they are glands involved in reproduction. They have however, received little attention since the early twentieth century. The aim of our study is to provide a more detailed analysis of the organs' mic roscopic anatomy. We examined the pleons of several Titanethes albus males from Planina Cave (Slovenia). Histological inspection revealed a grea t diversity of cuticular structures forming the external part of the organ. Several types of scales and bristles are found on the dorsal bulges and in their proximity. Each of the numerous pores, approximately 3 micrometers in diameter, is surrounded by a cuticular veil. Aggregations of lar ge cells filled with granules are connected to the surface pores by chan nels. These granular cells occupy much of the pleon’s volume. The surfac e structures and gland units of the organs in Titanethes albus appear similar to those reported for Trichoniscus alexandrae Additional ultrastructural characterization will help us draw further conclusi ons concerning the organs' structure and function. VIVES (E.), 2010. Una nueva especie caverncola del gnero Domene (s. str.) Fauvel, 1873, del sudeste espaol (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae, Paederinae). Heteropterus Revista de Entomologa 10(1):15-18. RES: Se describe una nueva especie de estafilnido del gnero Domene en una cueva del Sudeste de Espaa. VON REUMONT (B. M.) & BURMESTER (T.), 2010. Remipedia and the Evolution of Hexapods. Encyclopedia of Life Sciences. DOI: ABS: With more than a million species that have already been described, the hexapods (insects and allies) constitute the larges t animal group. Still their origin and phylogenetic affinities are matter of intense debate. Although previous morphological work generally cons idered the millipedes as sister taxon of the hexapods, molecul ar phylogenetic analyses agree that hexapods are actually closely r elated to crustaceans. Recent studies have provided evidence that the Remi pedia, enigmatic

PAGE 110

Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 110 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 crustaceans that have been discovered only 30 years ago in anchialine cave systems, may be the closest living relatives o f hexapods. Support for this hypothesis comes from similar brain architectu re, presence of an insect-type respiratory haemocyanin in remipedes an d phylogenomic studies. Thus hexapods may have evolved from a Remi pedia-like marine crustacean. These data evokes doubt on the generall y described hypotheses in textbooks that might present an outda ted picture of arthropod phylogeny. Key Concepts: Hexapods are the most successful animal group, but their relationship to other arthr opods and evolutionary origins are matter of debate for more than a centur y. Molecular phylogenetic studies have demonstrated that crustac eans are the closest living relatives of hexapods. Crustaceans are most likely paraphyletic in terms of hexapods, thus one crustacean taxon is mor e closely related to the hexapods than the other crustaceans. Brain morp hology, haemocyanin structure and evolution, and phylogenomic studies s uggest that the crustacean class Remipedia are the closest living r elatives of hexapods. Remipedia live in anchialine caves, which connect t he inland ground water body with the salt water from the ocean. Remi pedia harbour a mixture of ancestral and derived morphological char acters. First hexapods may have evolved from marine Remipedia. Re mipedia thus occupy a key position for understanding hexapod evo lution. KW: Crustacea, hexapoda, insecta, pancrustacea, remiped ia. VON RINTELEN (K.), PAGE (T. J.), CAI (Y.), ROE (K.) KUHAJDA (B. R.), ILIFFE (T. M.), HUGHES (J. M.) & VON RINTELEN (T.), 2010. Living in the dark: phylogeny of atyid freshwater shrimps reveals multi ple cave invasions:65, poster presentation. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICS B 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: Freshwater caridean shrimps (Crustacea, Decapoda) occur in all biogeographic regions bar Antarctica, but are in general among th e less well studied groups of decapod crustaceans. This might not be su rprising regarding the fact that the majority of shrimp-like decapods are found in marine environments. Freshwater taxa only account for appr oximately a quarter of all described Caridea and are numerically domina ted by the two families Atyidae and Palaemonidae. At present, the Atyidae contain 42 extant genera. The vast majority of species are des cribed within the genus Caridina which is widely distributed throughout the Indo-W est Pacific. Atyid shrimps are abundant in various freshwater ha bitats worldwide including cave systems (freshwater and anchialine). There are many cavedwelling species that are well-adapted to subterran ean life, e. g. by strongly reduced eyes and lack of pigmentation. Pre vious molecular studies using Atyidae mainly from Europe and Austra lia already gave interesting insights into the evolution and biogeog raphy of cave adapted shrimps. Data from Asia, a hotspot of atyid diversi ty, was lacking so far. A molecular phylogeny including 34 of the 42 living genera, based on mitochondrial and nuclear genes (16S, 28S, H3), rev ealed at least six independent clades comprising subterranean and ofte n landlocked taxa. These results suggest multiple independent cave col onizations of atyid freshwater shrimps worldwide. Parallel, the phyloge ny implies new insights into the systematics of these shrimps, e. g. on subfamily level. VON RINTELEN (K.), PAGE (T. J.), CAI (Y.), WOWOR (D.), WESSEL (A.), STELBRINK (B.), ILIFFE (T. M.) & VON RINTELEN (T.), 2010. Colonization and subterranean speciation in atyid freshwater shrimps from Maros karst, Sulawesi:64, poster presentation. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICS B 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: The evolution of troglobionts has fascinated scientists since Darwin 's time. A high number of cave-dwelling animals are well studied today, am ong these several freshwater organisms, e. g. fishes or crustaceans. The freshwater shrimp family Atyidae (Crustacea, Decapoda, Caridea) also has several subterranean representatives worldwide. Whereas the troglobiotic atyids from Australia and Europe have already been compreh ensively studied with morphological and molecular methods, such data for SoutheastAsian shrimps is still largely lacking. From the In donesian island Sulawesi, situated within the biogeographic hotspot area Wallacea, more than 46 species in four genera are known, the major ity from the genus Caridina One of these genera ( Marosina ) and approximately fifty percent of all species are endemic to the island. T wo genera ( Caridina and Atyopsis ) have epigean representatives, while the other two ( Marosina and Parisia ) exclusively occur in subterranean rivers in Maros karst, southwestern Sulawesi. The genus Marosina comprises only two species, M. longirostris and M. brevirostris Comprehensive collections of Marosina and Caridina from several caves of Sulawesi in 2007 and 2009 were studied with morphological and molecular methods. A phylogeny assessed from mtDNA revealed two independ ent cave colonizations: Cave-dwellers with reduced eyes in t he genus Caridina derived from epigean ancestors from the island. In contrast, the troglobiotic genus Marosina evolved within the caves independently and may have been derived from a widely distributed and anchialine cave dweller. In this genus, there are further hints of subterranean speciation into the two species known today. VONK (R.) & JAUME (D.), 2010. Glyptogidiella omanica gen. et sp. nov., an inland groundwater bogidiellid from Oman with enlarged coxal plate V (Crustacea, Amphipoda). Zootaxa 2657(October, 26):55-65, 6 pl., 20 rf. ABS: A new genus and species of Amphipoda is report ed from inland ground waters of the Sultanate of Oman. Alth ough Glyptogidiella omanica gen. et sp. nov. exhibits several features typical of the Bogidiellidae (i. e. combined display of distinct c arpal lobe on first gnathopod, reduced pleopodal rami, and unsegmented exopodite of third uropod), its exceptionally large fifth coxal plate and short rami of third uropod do not fit in the restricted diagnosis of th e family as recently presented elsewhere. In fact, the enlarged coxal pl ate V is a feature not reported in any other amphipod, whereas no other bo gidiellid displays an expanded basis on pereopod VII. The habitus of Glyptogidiella is not typical for a dweller of a true interstitial niche, with its short antennae, large coxal plate and short and stubby rami on the third uropod. This suggests that the interstitial medium could not be the primary habitat for the species, and that the underground of wadis migh t contain interstices of large size and could also be in contact with kar stic hollows. KW: Gammaridea, Bogidiellidae, stygofauna, subterranean waters, hyporheic, wadi, Arabian Peninsula. VREZEC (A.) & KAPLA (A.), 2010. The influence of aboveground invasions on the diversity and distribu tion patterns of subterranean carabids (Carabidae):161. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August-3 September 2010, ICS B 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961-269-286-5. ABS: The diversity of subterranean beetles in Slovenia appeares to be one of the highest on the globe. The studies were so far concentrated on the aspects of gamma and beta diversity of the group, but much less on the a spects of alpha diversity, which reflects actual coexistence of spe cies in the same ecosystem. Carabids (Carabidae) form the most impor tant terrestrial predator guild in underground ecosystems. In the st udy we focused on the diversity and spatial distribution patterns of coex isting subterranean carabids related to biotic and abiotic parameters. From the most Slovenian caves only one carabid species is known, but subterranean carabid assemblages (SCA) can hold up to five coexi sting species. For the study we selected nine caves with SCA consisted fro m one to four species. The diversity of SCA compared to abovegrou nd carabid (AC) assemblages was significantly lower, but did not ch ange significantly from the entrance towards deeper parts of caves. Ho wever, the SCA diversity was significantly affected by the invasio n of aboveground species, especially by invasion of AC. The AC negat ively influenced the abundance and species richness of SCA. The abundanc e of AC significantly decreased towards from the entrance d istant parts of caves, but was positively associated with higher amount of moisture and organic matter in the substrate. On the contrary, SC were m ore abundant at substrate with less moist and organic matter, which can act as areas free of competition or even predation by AC species. Amo ng SC eight species were sampled in higher numbers, which were divided into three groups according to their spatial distribution patterns wi thin caves: (1) entrance SC were most abundant at the entrance part of the c ave (1 species), (2) deep SC were most abundant at the most distant part s of the cave from the entrance (2 species), and (3) intermediate SC w ith no specific preference found connected to the distance from the cave entrance (5 species). Among these groups, the AC significantly negatively affected only the abundance of entrance SC presented by Laemostenus

PAGE 111

Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 111 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 schreibersi the largest and the most abundant species in the SC guild. WANG (C.) & LI (S. Q.), 2010. New species of the spider genus Telema (Araneae, Telemidae) from caves in Guangxi, China. Zootaxa 2632(October 1):1-45, 38 pl., 11 rf. ABS: Eight new species of Telema collected from caves in Guangxi (China) are described and illustrated: T. adunca sp. nov., T. biyunensis sp. nov., T. cordata sp. nov., T. cucurbitina sp. nov., T. mikrosphaira sp. nov., T. renalis sp. nov., T. yashanensis sp. nov. and T. zonaria sp. nov. All species have a clearly pigmented body, six eyes and relatively short legs. They differ from congeners and each other in the detailed structure of the spermatheca and male palp. KW: Taxonomy, dia gnosis, etymology, variation, distribution. WANG (C.) & LI (S. Q.), 2010. Four new species of the spider genus Telema (Araneae, Telemidae) from Southeast Asia. Zootaxa 2719(December 10):1-20, 16 pl., 9 rf. ABS: Four new species of the spider genus Telema from Southeast Asia are described and illustrated: T. acicularis sp. nov. and T. anguina sp. nov. from Thailand, T. fabata sp. nov. from Singapore, and T. malaysiaensis sp. nov. from Malaysia. KW: Taxonomy, cave, rainfor est, variation, distribution. WANG (C.) & LI (S. Q.), 2010. Two new species of the spider genus Cataleptoneta from Balkan Peninsula (Araneae, Leptonetidae). Zootaxa 2730(December 24):5768, 9 pl., 6 rf. ABS: Two new species of the spider family Leptonetidae from caves of Balkan Peninsula are dia gnosed, described, and illustrated, i. e., Cataleptoneta lingulata sp. nov. from Northern Dalmatia, Croatia, and Cataleptoneta semipinnata sp. nov. from Island Kythira, Greece. KW: Taxonomy, Europe, variation, c ave, description. WANG (W.), MA (Xu), MA (Y.), MAO (L.), WU (F.), MA (Xiaojun), AN (L.) & FENG (H.), 2010. Seasonal dynamics of airborne fungi in different caves of th e Mogao Grottoes, Dunhuang, China. International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation 64(6, September):461-466. DOI: ABS: Fungal spores are ubiquitous and can be found in both outd oor and indoor air samples, we investigated the temporal and spatial d istributions, compositions, and determinants of ambient airborne fungi in Mogao Grottoes of Dunhuang, China. Culturable fungi in th ree categories of caves, Open Cave (OC) to visitors, Semi-open Cave ( SC), and Closed Cave (CC) and an outdoor area (OD) in Mogao Grottoe s monthly from September 2008 to August 2009, using a six-stage An derson FA-1 sampler. The grand mean of total culturable fungi w as 187.45 37.76 colony-forming units (CFU)/m3 for all sites considered, and the number was 110.52 17.40 CFU/m3, 137.81 26.67 CFU/m3, 245.39 37.20 CFU/m3, 240.87 54.91 CFU/m3 in OC, SC, CC, OD. The most prevalent fungi were Cladosporium spp., non-sporing fungi, Penicillium spp., Alternaria spp. and Aspergillus spp. at all four sampling sites. Airborne fungal numbers and their diversity were ge nerally higher in CC and OD than in OC and SC. Most fungal genus had sig nificant seasonal variations, higher levels were observed in summer a nd autumn. Pearson correlation analysis showed that the levels of ambi ent fungi were correlated positively with temperature and visitor numbers, but negatively with relative humidity and rainfall. The results su ggested that the visitors have an obvious influence on concentrations and com positions of ambient fungi in Mogao Grottoes providing information to be considered in conservation and management. KW: Aerobiology, Biode terioration, Culturable fungi, Mogao Grottoes. WANG (W.), MA (Y.), MA (Xu), WU (F.), MA (Xiaojun), AN (L.) & FENG (H.), 2010. Seasonal variations of airborne bacteria in the Mogao Grottoes, Dunhuang, China. International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation 64(4, July):309-315. DOI: ABS: Airborne bacteria are important biological components of bio aerosol and play an important role in the conservation of cultural heri tage. High concentration of bacteria in the atmosphere can result in biologi cal air pollution and potentially diseases. In this study, a systematical survey of culturable airborne bacteria was carried out in Mogao Grottoes of Dunhuang, China at four sites (one cave is open to visitors, anothe r is semi-closed, the third one is closed to visitors, and the fourth site is t he entrance gate). Airborne bacteria were collected using a six-stage culturabl e FA-1 sampler monthly from September 2008 to August 2009. The pop ulations of culturable bacteria were in a range from 1.01 102 colony forming units (CFU/m3) to 3.8 103 CFU/m3. The mean was 1.30 103 145 CFU/m3, 1.1 103 279 CFU/m3, 4.4 102 67 CFU/m3 and 4.4 102 77 CFU/m3 in the Closed Cave, Open Cave, Semi-closed Cave an d the Entrance, respectively. The particle size of airbor ne bacteria were mainly distributed in stage 4 of sampling with diameters a pproximately 2.1-3.3 < m. The correlation was found between airborne bacte rial concentrations and environmental temperature, relative humidity, a s well as tourists number. The results suggested that the number of vi sitors has an obvious influence on both the concentrations and the compos itions of ambient bacteria in Mogao Grottoes. KW: Airborne bacteria, Mogao Grottoes, Culturable bacteria, Cultural heritage, Dunhuang, V isitors. WANG (X.-P.), GRISWOLD (C. E.) & MILLER (J. A.), 2010. Revision of the genus Draconarius Ovtchinnikov, 1999 (Agelenidae: Coelotinae) in Yunnan, China, wit h an analysis of the Coelotinae diversity in the Gaoligo ngshan Mountains. Zootaxa 2593(August 31):1-127, 128 pl., 39 rf. WANG (Zhe), HAN (N.), RACEY (P. A.), RU (B.) & HE (G.), 2010. A comparative study of prenatal development in Miniopterus schreibersii fuliginosus Hipposideros armiger and H. pratti BMC Developmental Biology 10:10. DOI: WATANABE (Shumpei), MASANGKAY (J. S.), NAGATA (N.), MORIKAWA (S.), MIZUTANI (T.), FUKUSHI (S.), ALVIOLA (P.), OMATSU (T.), UEDA (N.), IHA (K.), TANIGUCHI (S.), FUJII (H.), TSUDA (S.), ENDOH (M.), KATO (Kentaro), TOHYA (Y.), KYUWA (S.), YOSHIKAWA (Y.) & AKASHI (H.), 2010. Bat Coronaviruses and Experimental Infection of Bats, the Philippines. Emerging Infectious Diseases 16(8, August):1217-1223. DOI: WATIROYRAM (S.), BRANCELJ (A.) & SANOAMUANG (L.-O.), 2010. Composition of cavedweller microcrustaceans in Nam Nao National Park, Phetchabun Province:74-80. In: The 11th Graduate Research Conference, Khon Kaen University, SDO7. KW: Biology, Phetchabun, Tham Yai Nam Nao, Tham Pha Hon g, Tham Song Hong, Tham Pha Rai, Tham Phaya Naak, Tham Bah Dahn, Tham Huai Pho Hai. WEBER (N.), GRANJON (L.) & FAHR (J.), 2010. Gallery forests boost bat diversity in southern Mali, West Africa:311. In: 15th International Bat Research Conference, Prague, 22-27 August 2010, the conferen ce manual: Programme, abstracts, list of participants, edited by: Ivan HOR EK and Petr BENDA, ISBN 978-8087154-46-5, 380 p. ABS: It is commonly assumed that diversity of tropical bats decreases from forests to drier veget ation biomes. However, the transition zone between forests and savannas is characterized by a habitat mosaic, which offers suitable habitat patch es for numerous forest species that have their centre of distribution in t he forest zone. This vegetation mosaic is therefore expected to support high species richness of bats caused by habitat heterogeneity. To test th is hypothesis, we assessed diversity and assemblage structure of bats in gallery and ravine forests in four regions in southern Mali. Our new s urveys comprised 51 species, including 30 species recorded for the firs t time and increasing the total from 25 to 55 species for the country. Severa l new records constitute significant range extensions, mostly of species usu ally found in the forest biome further south. We further recorded several ca ve-roosting species that show an overall patchy distribution, with frag mented populations in the mountainous regions of West Africa. The four st udy regions differed in species richness and showed considerable species turnover, which might be caused by complex biogeographic and topogr aphic connections with other (source) regions. On the larger scale, o ur data testify to the enormous importance of gallery and ravine forests, which despite their

PAGE 112

Biospeologica Bibliographia Publications 2010-1 Page 112 sur 116 Bernard LEBRETON & Jean-Pierre BESSON Cr le : 01.01.2010 Modifi le : 30.06.2010 small area contribute significantly to bat diversit y on the landscape scale. In view of current land use conflicts between natio nal authorities and local communities, appropriate co-management plans need to be designed and implemented by the different stakeholders as to protect these keystone habitats in southern Mali on the long-term WEIGAND (A. M.) & JOCHUM (A.), 2010. Mollusca, Gastropoda, Ellobioidea, Carychium minimum O. F. Mller, 1774: Filling gaps. New population record f or the State of New York, Northeastern United States. Check List 6(4):517-518. WEIGAND (A. M.), JOCHUM (A.), SLAPNIK (R.) & KLUSSMANN-KOLB (A.), 2010. A 21st Century identity for an old snail condemned to darkness Barcoding Zospeum (Pulmonata, Ellobioidea, Carychiidae):148, poster presentation. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August -3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961269-286-5. ABS: Species identification through a short, homolo gous and ubiquitous stretch of nucleotides can be promis ing when classical taxonomy reaches its limits, e. g. through high mor phological intraspecific variability or morphological stasis. DNA barcoding, i. e. delimitating species with a mitochondrial-encoded 6 50 bp fragment of the cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (CO1) gene, has show n to be especially suitable for species recognition. Suitability in th is case means that intraspecific and interspecific genetic variability can be clearly separated. Here, we present a DNA barcoding approach to distin guish species in the troglobitic taxon Zospeum Bourguignat, 1856. These blind and colorless snails are endemic to the karst caves of central an d southeastern Europe. Our investigation presents a DNA barcoding and scan ning electron microscopic (SEM) debut for Zospeum (Pulmonata, Ellobioidea, Carychiidae) species collected in Slovenian and Cro atian caves. The combination of minute size, the general paucity of clearly distinguishing interspecific conchological characters and the stro ng selective pressure associated with subterranean habitats make this tax on an ideal workhorse model to test the applicability of this method. Tra nsferring this novel approach to other subterranean organisms can well r eveal an enormous cryptic diversity otherwise hidden in the depths an d vagueness of the dark. WESSEL (A.), MHLETHALER (R.), VON RINTELEN (K.), VON RINTELEN (T.), STELBRINK (B.), WACHMANN (E.) & HOCH (H.), 2010. First record of a root community in Southeast Asia: cave-dwelling planthoppers from Maros karst, Sulawesi (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha: Cixiidae: Bennini):149, poster presentation. In: 20th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Postojna, Slovenia, 29 August -3 September 2010, ICSB 2010 Abstract Book, edited by: Ajda MOŠKRI and Peter TRONTELJ, ISBN 978-961269-286-5. ABS: A systematic survey of Maros karst caves in su mmer 2009 revealed the first known terrestrial cave with roots in the dark zone and an associated fauna for Southeast Asia. Remarka bly, this very first discovery of available resources for a root communi ty in the region coincides with the finding of planthoppers as sapsu cking primary consumers. Planthoppers are common elements of root communities in different parts of the world. A total of more than 50 cave-dwelling species are known from Africa (incl. Madagascar), A ustralia, Latin America, and several oceanic islands. Two-thirds of the troglobiotic and troglophilic species belong to the Cixiidae as well as the newly discovered species from Sulawesi. The Maros cave pl anthoppers however, are the first representatives of the tribe Bennini ever recorded in a subterranean environment. The Bennini (about 100 species) are characterised by a unique feature they possess ve ry conspicuous lateral appendages each ending in a wax-covered sensillum. The precise function of these appendages and a possible role in orientat ion in the dark is unknown as in general the biology of this group is poorly studied. It is assumed that the ability of planthoppers to communi cate by substrate vibrations is a prerequisite for the colonisation o f cave environments. A well-studied example from Hawaii shows species-spec ific "song" patterns and revealed a complex pattern of subterranean spec iation. The successful recording of vibrational signals from the Maros cav e planthopper may open up a new model system for the study of the dyn amics of subterranean evolution. WHEATLEY (A. E.), 2010. Las Vegas, 380201, Southern Nevada Regional Science and Engineering Fair. EA012 Isolation of Troglobitic Bacteria in the Sunken Gar dens, Lehman Caves:102. 17, Junior, Northwest Career and Technical Academy, Las Vegas, Nevada, T: Carol Test a Adamson. In: Intel ISEF (International Science and Engineering Fair) 2010 156 p. WHITTEN (T.), 2010. Book Reviews. Caves and Conservation Conservation Biology 24(3):912-913. DOI: WIBBELT (G.), KURTH (A.), HELLMANN (D.), WEISHAAR (M.), BARLOW (A.), VEITH (M.), PRGER (J.), GRFL (T.), GROSCHE (L.), BONTADINA (F.), ZPHEL (U.), SEIDL (H.-P.), CRYAN (P. M.) & BLEHERT (D. S.), 2010. White-nose syndrome fungus ( Geomyces destructans ) in bats, Europe. Emerging Infectious Diseases 16(8, August):1237-1243. DOI: ABS: White-nose syndrome is an emerging disease in North America that has caused substantial declines in hibernating bats. A recently identified fungus ( Geomyces destructans ) causes skin lesions that are characteristic of this disease. Typical signs of this infection we re not observed in bats in North America before white-nose syndrome was detect ed. However, unconfirmed reports from Europe indicated white fun gal growth on hibernating bats without associated deaths. To inve stigate these differences, hibernating bats were sampled in Germa ny, Switzerland, and Hungary to determine whether G. destructans is present in Europe. Microscopic observations, fungal culture, and genet ic analyses of 43 samples from 23 bats indicated that 21 bats of 5 sp ecies in 3 countries were colonized by G. destructans We hypothesize that G. destructans is present throughout Europe and that bats in Europe m ay be more immunologically or behaviorally resistant to G. destructans than their congeners in North America because they potentially coevolved with the fungus. WICKS (C.), NOLTIE (D. B.), PETERSON (E. W.) & DOGWILER (T.), 2010. Disturbances in the habitat of Macrocotyla glandulosa (Kenk). Ecohydrology 3(1, March):116-125. DOI: ABS: Disturbances lead to the displacement or morta lity of organisms or communities. In stream ecosystems, hydrologic distu rbances (floods, spates, freshets) can dislodge organisms from the s treambed habitat and in some cases dislodge the sediment itself (scour). The primary aim of this study was to characterize the relation between the scour and the magnitude of freshets through the sediment size dis tribution and the depth of water at numerous locations along a cave stream in the habitat of the imperilled Macrocotyla glandulosa (Kenk), the pink planarian. Our hypothesis is that areas of stable streambed sedime nt would serve as habitat, whereas areas of mobile streambed sediment would not serve as habitat. We have combined the use of a numerical mo del of a cave stream with the size distribution of streambed sediment to designate locations of streambed stability or instability. Using pink plan aria census data collected since 1988, we have identified locations that the pink planaria occupy and locations where the pink planaria have n ot been found. Our results show that five locations along the cave str eam that lacked scour corresponded with locations of pink planaria occurr ence, that two locations that experienced scour correspond with lo cations where the pink planaria were not found and that one location exper ienced scour and planaria were found. Thus, there seems to be a rela tion between the stability of streambed sediment and the use of that sediment as habitat. Conservation efforts aimed at increasing the popula tion of the imperilled pink planarian should account for the stability of the streambed sediment. KW: Disturbance, scour, habitat, Macrocotyla glandulosa WILKINSON (L.), 2010. Updates by region. Alberta. Alberta Sustainable Resource Development. Western Canadian