Cave Research Foundation newsletter

Cave Research Foundation newsletter

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Cave Research Foundation newsletter
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Cave Research Foundation newsletter
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CRF newsletter
Cave Research Foundation
Cave Research Foundation
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serial ( sobekcm )
United States


General Note:
Contents: Modification of the CRF field schedule for duration of 1974 for Mammoth Cave area -- New area contacts -- Board of Directors' meeting / JPF -- Progress on "the book" / RWB -- November expedition-1973 / SGW -- CRF-West Feb. expedition / RRB -- April 1974 expedition / PCC -- Archeology / PJW -- Be sure Bill Mann has your correct address! -- Observations and related theories of cave development in Costa Rica / RZ -- Cave rumblings -- Fourteen southeastern caves as new natural landmarks -- Hello from Bill Mann / WFM -- Donations needed at FR / RZ.
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(February 1974)
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K26-00691 ( USFLDC DOI )
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J. CRF NEWS umber 3 February May 1974 ATTENTION ATTENTION ATTENTION ATTENTION ATTENTION MODIFICATION OF THE CRF FIELD 'SCHEDULE JfUl{ DURATION OF 1974 FOR MAMMOTH CAVE AREA EXPEDITION Independence Day Labor Day Columbus Day Maintenance E%ped.* Thanksgiving Day DATE June 29-July 6, 1974 (no change) August 31-Sept. I, 1974 October 12, 1974 October 26-27, 1974 November 28-30, 1974 EXPED. LEADER Pete Linds ley &: uary Stan Steve Wells Greer Price Jack Freeman *Purpos6 of this expedition will be to prepare Flint Ridge facilities. for winter, and surface reconnaissance. NEW AREA CONTACTS East Patricia Crowther 8 Greenwood Road Midwest West Ste"\T,e Wells Pete Lindsley Z Arlington, Mass. 02174 25 617-6435369 5JJ Riddle Crest Ln. Cincinnat Ohio 45220 513-281-1273 5507 Boca Raton Dallas, Texas 75230 21"'-691-7968 ..... The remainder of 1974's Mammoth Cave area field schedule has been altered to meet the needs of scientific work, permit time for maintaining field facilities, & regulate the incipient over-crowding of our 1'ie1d facilities. Expedition running' requires considerable effort on the part of expedition leaders & a large amount of planning precedes the actual expedition. Therefore, I would like to reiterate that you must notify the expedition leader or area contact two weeks in advance U of your plans to attend. In addition, non-cartographic duties will increase during expeditions to assist in restoring & our facilities at FR. I am looking forward to working with all of you to make our expeditions a unique experience in human Working together, we can continue to make discoveries in science & exploration, & yet maintain a wilderness


-2-Please mark your calendars with expedition dates & a deadline ror notification. BOARD OF DIRECTORS' MHETING The Spring Board of meeting was held Apr. 1), 1974 at Flint Ridge. Resignations were regretfully accepted from two directors -Denver P. Burns & William P. Bishop. Denny Burns, former chief cartographer & an author of t-he Flint Ridge Cave System map folio, had more recently served as Foundation secretary & treasurer. Bill Bishop had held positions as CRF personnel & treasurer &: is an author or the Foundation's study, IIWi Iderness Res ources in I-lammoth Cave National Park" (197l). Elected to 1'ill these vacancies on board were Ernest L. Finger &: R. Pete LindslElY. Finger will bring expertise in financial administration to his new position as Foundation treasurer. Pete Lindsley, founder of the Guadalupe Cave Survey, is CRF operations manager in the Guadalupe Escarpment area. Jack Freeman was elected as the new Foundation secretary. Stan Sides continues as CRF president. JPF PROGRESS ON "THE BOOK II SGW, CRF Uperations Manager for In the package sent off were: 410 pages of manuscript, 2B color slides, a color photo captions list, 37 black &: white photos, 19 draWings with captions, a list of productions not e s, an i 11 us t rat i on s key 1 i s t, '&; a partridge in a pear tree. Kay Sides proofread the manuscript alomg with Joan & Roger Brucker. Kay is compiling biographical information on many of the 5)0 participants who will be listed in the back of the book. Undoubtedly there is still a lot ot: work to do. The Foundation has completed nearly allot' it's contract, & thus will collect the remainder of the advance payment before mid-year. One of the major projects to be undertaken yet is preparation of maps. Until the publisher appoints an art director for the book, the authors are holding off. Anybody who has ever had to make a set of finished cave maps twice will understand why. RWB NOVEMBER EXPEDITION-197J A total of 55 JVs attended the Thanksgiving Expedition & not the predictea 75. The expedition was led by S. Wells, & a total of 20 Once again the long-awaited parties were fielded. The exped-book has gone to the publisher, ition was very successrul in cart-Alfred A. Knopf, in New York. Red ography,science, management, & &: Roger made extens i ve revis ions en thus iasm. The total to the manuscript. reducing its surveyed cave passage for the exped-length by about 100 pgs. A large ition was approximately 17,000', or number of CRF readers helped by a mile a day. Approximately 6uo' commenting on the first draft, was re-survey, & a leveling survey making factual corrections, offerwas conducted 1n Ave. ing differei,t or more accurate 3900' was added to Proctor Cave in interpretations of motives & JR, 3000' in Mystic River in MC, & events, & general criticism. The 2300' in New Discovery. revised manuscript is now circula-A biosurvey of aquatic fauna was ting to a limited number of readers conducted in Mystic River of Me by for a final input. R. Olson. C. Hill, G. Eller, &


-JP. Hauer initiated their work on nitrates & saltpetre works in MC. They had unbelievable success, including: 1) possible location of Saltpetre kettle from Ganter collection, 2) near-certain identification of nitrate "globules" in Dixon Cave, &: J) aefinite identification of 4 to 6 saltepetre vats, never bel'ore reported &: buried under earth in Dixon Cave. J. Hess closed shop on his field for his dissertation on the Hydrology of the CKK. The food for the expedition was under the supervision of B. Grover. Several compliments were made on the menu. '.D. Daunt &: J. Hess served as right-hand "people" for the expedition which included several hours fixing the broken water line between the Austin house &: the pump house. Without the enthusiasm &: cooperation of several JVs, the expedition would not have been the success I feel it was; many thanks to all. SGW CRF-WEST FEB. EXPEDITION The Feb. 16-17 expedition, led by R. Bridgemon, had 29 JVs &: I NPS visitor in attendance. Four teams spent the 1st day working in Wind Cave (BLM), a biological party &: three survey teams. The biological team investigated the top four levels of Wind finding a few animals on the two top levels & cave crickets & isopods on levels J & 4. Approximately 600' was mapped in the upper level &: no promising leads remain. Numerous areas need to be mapped on all other levels. The biological team also collected in Jurnigan #1 & Jurnigan An unsuccessful attempt to locate Doc Brito Cave was made. Two teams continued the work in Spider Cave. One did a detailed survey of the entrance area for G. Campbell's cave cricket study. The second team mapped wall detail in several areas so that an updated map can be prepared soon. C. Hill made several mineralogical observations in the cave. A surface control survey to check the relative locations of New Cave & Midnight Goat Cave was performed. It was completed the 2nd day with a total of 21,496' surveyed. On the 2nd day a party visited Lechugilla Cave to collect animals &: dig in the blowin? breakdown. Digging advanced 12 through very dusty rubble &: the air flow is still strong. One party hiked up Yucca Canyon hoping to locate the ItS laughter Canyon" Spider Cave. Nothing resembling the old report on "Spider Cave I, was found bu t two new small caves (Brown Spider Cave & Brown Spider Fissure) were located & sketch made. Two survey teams worked in Carlsbad. One party completed the survey of Helictite Hollow in Lower Cave while the other team completed the BL survey in the Top of the Cross maze area. A preliminary investigation was made of the specimen collection in the Visitor Center. Some cataloging needs to be done. RRB APRIL 1974 EXPEDITION The April 1974 CRF expedition started & ended in great shape, with large numbers of competent people adding much to our knowledge of the caves. At the depths of the expedition on mid-Saturday, 81 people were present. Of these, 41 participated in the program, 4 with P. Watson s archeology project, 6 with T. Poulson's biology project & 14 children. Two all-night parties led by O. Daunt &: one daytime W. Crowther trip finished the job of tying in side-passages off last month's Ky. Ave. pedestal survey. Every likelylooking hole now has a permanent station to tie it's survey to.


-4W. Mann took the aluminum extenson ladder started in on a side lead near Lovers' Leap--the lead still goes. Three parties worked in & above Proctor Cave. W. Crowther, P. Lindsley, D. Coons. R. Zopf pushed the endurance barrier by descending 149' in the pits at A46. then hand-over-hand 25' more down the waterfall drop that stopped last month's :party. At the bottom they surveyed 25 very cold Q stations eastward in swiftly flowing water; an 8W by 2.5H stream passage that has picked up two tributaries & is still going strong for at least 7 or 800' past the end of the survey. This could be the key to the entire drainage s ys tern under JR. "At the same time a party led by Freeman negotiated the Proctor .crawlway dragging the first aid supply cache which was removed from Salts Cave last month. On Saturday. J. Bridge looked on the surface above Proctor to see if he couldn't find another entrance to bypass the crawl--the party found seven holes, one or two with promise. small but with air movement. They also achieved the 2nd rediscovery of Bluff Cave this year. A party led by G. Eller surveyed 2000' of previously un-maPfed walking passage from Emily sAve., tying into Burley's Way. & Lipton led follow-up parties to the Burley's Way end--more still to explore in this area. R. Brucker's party surveyed 2000' of Helen's Grotto, off Cleaveland Ave. leaving many nice side leads for the next party. Back at the East end of the cave J. Wilcox took two parties into Bransford Ave. & W. Crowther led a leveling trip into Logan Ave. In FR. T. Cottrell surveyed & checked leads in the Bagli Shafts area--the start of a Cottrell & Snider project to sort out the map of this part of the cave. W. Lipton took a party of 5 into Bedquilt via the Colossal Entrance to familiarize some of the new guard with his old-timer's knowledge of the cave. F. Reid completed the transit line to the Colossal Entrance. He also spent two night-time trips refining his radio depth measurements. The hope is that radio depth measurements can be made accurate enough to serve as control points for CRF leveling surveys. T. Poulson invited 4 JVs along on a biology trip into Great Onyx. S. Helfman did some sketching in the formation area just inside the Eller.Entrance to Lee Cave. Total survey for the expedition: 11,164' underground of which 10, 329 was in MC, 680' in Proctor. & 156' in FR. Another 890' of on the The following is the 1st in a continuing series by our scientist's. They will be explaining their work to us, so that we can find out just why we might be doing some of the things we do for them. ARCHEOLOGY Most of the past year's effort went into finalizing the manuscript for ARCHEOLOGY OF THE MAMMOTH CAVE AREA now in press (Academic Press, New York) & 'due to appear in June 1974. The complete table of contents of the volume is included in this Newsletter. Three archeology trips were made to Central Ky. in fall 1973. A trip went to Lower Salts to record Indian traces in the A survey (A15-A40) & to examine the relatively newly mapped H survey that takes off the A at A40. No aboriginal debris occurs in H at all. There was a trip to Mammoth Cave to record in the S & T survey crawl that takes off Ganter at A22. There was aboriginal activity all through the crawl with gypsum mining in th 5 survey & chert mining in the T survey. A quick reconnaissance was made of surface sites on Indian Hill,a


-.5-sandstone mesa near Brownsville. There is a little worked chert on the surface in at least one place on top & three shelter sites around OBSERVATIONS & RELATED THEORIES OF CAVE DEVELOPMENT IN COSTA RICA the base of the bluff. There ha d There has been a rumor circula-certainly been aboriginal occupa-ting that there were karst features tion of the shelters, but all ap-in costa CRF personnel. I pear to have been quite thoroughly would like to clarify these rumors disturbed. immediately. During the winter & spring of ,We plumbed several pits which 1974, we continued surface survey may be grouped & explained as & reconnaissance concentrating on follows.: At least three of the the ravines in the northwestern small pits were dug by preColumpart of the Park. There are sand-bian Indians as bat shelters. stone bluffs along all these Unfortunately, the Indians thought ravines & shelters in many of the of their own tastes rather than bluffs, but evidence of pre-his-those of bats. Terciopelo offers toric human use there is rather many enticing nooks & crannies rare. amoung profuse flows tone deposits The Washington Univ. Spring which would drive the average cave Break fell in Nid-March. During vandal crazy with indecision. A that interval we mapped one of the secluded ridge top entrance & comGreen River shellmounds near Morgan-fortable 60' drop would seem to town, carried out somemore surface mak9 this cave a real tors dream, surface survey in the Park, & but apparently the bats didn't began excavation of a I x 2 m trenchthink so. in Salts Vestibule. A second attempt was made by Two weekends were spent in the digging Nicoa. Here the wall hangPark during the month of Apr. at ings were drasticly cut back in which time we combined surface favor of a central conversation survey with recording in MC & in piece. We thought the human bones the Grand Forks portion of Salts, to be interesting, but the bats Beginning May 17. we will be were not impressed by these sac-digging at two (or possibly 1) of rifices. Even the addition of two the shellmounds near Morgantown in extra entrances did not lure Butler & Ohio Counties. Our tenants. interest in these sites stems from At Ramoncanda, if appears the the fact that they overlap in time early tribesman gave up on interior with the oldest deposits in Salts decoration. The bats obviously Vestibule & therefore should con-loved the natural look, moved in tain evidence of the subsistence large numvers & provided their own pattern ancestral to that so well singular type of wall to wall car-preserved in Salts & MC., peting. This carpeting not only ARCHEOLOGY OF THE MAMMOTH CAVE covers cooking odors, but also AREA will be off the presses June, heats the home. Copies can be ordered Santa Ana & 110 are obviously from Academic Press, 111 Fifth Ave. too deep (Santa Ana is about 400' New York, New York 1000). They deep in sucessive drops) to have are $16.00 each. ALL ROYALTIES been dug by Indians. The evidence WILL GO TO SUPPORT THE RESEARCH. points to large. prehistoric \IIorms. PJW The slightly less than vertical PLEASE BE SURE BILL MANN HAS YOUR CORRECT ADDRESSI descent provided that minimum of friction for safe slithering. A connection we found, between these caves lends credence that the neighboring shafts were occupied


-6-by members of the opposite sex. And, of course, the profusion of cave pearls in Santa Ana are none other than caloified gall stones the males are known to emit. Although none of the caves we were able to explore had any horizontal passages, {indeed, we were able to discover little that had not been seen before}, La Trampa & Pozzo 60 offered the largest CAVE RUMBLINGS S. Wells presented a paper entitled "Geomorphology of the Sinkhole Plain of the Central Ky. Karst" at the Southeastern Section 2Jrd Annual Meeting of the Geological Society of America on Apr. 5, 1974. The paper was based on his recently completed Masters thesis. chambers & walking room. In their The SPELEOLOGY of the subterrainean voids, 200-JOO' below Excursion Section of the REDDIS the hill top, one could easily Soccer Club invites photographers fit the entire treasure hoards of from allover the world to enter the pre-Columbian nations. In the 1st INTERNATIONAL SPELEOLOGICAL fact, the profusion of old batterPHOTOGRAPHY SHOW, to be held in ies & other debris led us to be-REUS in 1974. Photographs lieve that previous explorers up to Sep't. 30, 1974. Awards already had absconded with the ceremony Nov. 24, 1974. For infor-treasure. They probably used the mation: D. E. Reddis,lst Intertrash as counter-balance national Speleological Photography ing up the treasure by pulley. Show, P. O. Box 217, Reus, Spain. However, the origin of these vau).ts is somewhat a mystery. The arch shaped rooms probably indicate that these chambers were once buildings, long since decayed, DISCOVERY AT RIO CANUY by Russ & Geanne Gurnee. $6.95 from Crown Publishers. Several CRF people were there. that were covered with limestone. AMERICAN CAVES & byWm. R. Perhaps the treasure vault is Halliday, Harper & Row. The boak actually Atlantisian. contains numerous references, pic-We did also attempt to force tures, and diagrams of the Flint-our bodies into seTeral other Mammoth System, & CRF personnel. likely looking openings, but al-It is a book on caving techniques, though it appears that most all mainly, with strong emphasis on the rainfall on the hill drains cave safety/first aid, vertical inward, it also washes vast quan-techniques, & general equip -tities of soil into the caves. mente Also available from Edmund Between these mud plugs & myriad Taylor, (139 Main Entrance Dr., decoy holes to protect the treasure,Pittsburgh, PA 15228 ) for $ 8.20. the promise of greater surprises Col. Tom Boles of Carlsbad NM d'ed underground eluded us. -1.. I would like to note in closing Gordon & Judy Smith are the parents that Ponce de Leon would have of a baby girl, Cindy, on Valentine given his eye teeth to have found Day. what we did on a neighboring hill. If it seems the members of the Mike Redford drowned in a cave diving accident in Fla. expedition seem more carefree about time, a bit more & are still caving hard 20 years from now, you'll know why. RZ ED. Note: In Issue there wasan article titled "The Surveyor's Nightmare". Answers were to be sent to W. Crowther. He received 2.


-7-FOURTEEN SOUTHEASTERN CAVES AS NEW NATURAL LANDMARKS Fourteen limestone caves have been added to the National Registry of Natural Landmarks. They are: Swago Karst Area, Pocahontas Cnty, lY. Virginia. Greenbrier. Caverns, Greenbrier Cnty, W. Vir., Greenville Saltpeter Cave, Monroe Cnty, W. Vir., Lost World Caverns, Greenbrier Cnty, W. Vir., Sennet Thorn Mountain Cave System, Pendel ton Cnty, W. Vir., Lost Sea (Craighead Caverns), Monroe Cnty, Tenn., Conley Hole, Grundy Cnty, Tenn., Big Bone Cave, Van Buren.Cnty, Tenn., Cumberland Caverns (Riggin bothan & Hinshaw Caves), Warren Cnty, Tenn., Grassy Cove Karst Area, Cumberland Cnty, Tenn., Luray Caverns, Page Cnty, Vir., Grand Caverns, Augusta Cnty, Vir., Butler Cave-Breathing Cave, Bath Cnty, Vir., Newsome Sinks Karst Area, Morgan Cnty, Ala. The National Registry is a listing of significant areas of exceptional value in illustrating the nation's natural heritage. QUOTATION: Chairman Phil Smith i n 1957. "If you want to have an influence Gn CRF jus t wri te a letter to the President, with copies to all Directors. You'll have an influence." Ed. Note: It's still true. HELLO FROM BILL MANN Since I don't know people in the caving community the way Dave does, I'm planning on asking potential JV's to go on a fairly long hard trip with an active CHFer who would let me know how it went. Even then I can't make any promises. Most of the people who've joined this year have either waited quite a while or had some special skill to contribute. Many of them are scientists, or students working in biology or archeology. We expect the publication of the new books to attract a lot of interested cavers to the CRF. & make it even more difficult to choose among them. Still, too much interest is better than too little. WFM DONATIONS NEEDED AT FH Silverware Large Picnic Table 50' of flexible, perforated drain pipe Hangable fluorescent fixture-4 40 watt lamps Showere doors or ample curtains Vanity counter for new washroom Interior & exterior paint & brushes This is just a start-if you see something that needs fixing, bring the supplies-HZ The CHF Newsletter will be published three times yearly---Jan. 30, May 30, & Sep't. 30. Everyone is invited to submit articles for publication. Please D D M i h have all materials to me about the Now that ave es ar as as b b t d t i Ch 1 tt first of the month of publication. een 00 e ups a rs. ar 0 e & Th ill b f th d 1 I h t k i ere w e a our mon e ay ave a en over h s job as Eastern i bli t' f th' t Personnel Officer. You should n pUi dcai or any 1ng no rece ve n 1me. send us address corrections ( & All materials should be sent to phone Number changes) & wri te us th f 11 i dd b t ti 1 JV' e 0 ow ng a ress: a our po en a s. The CRF thrives on de.dicated Mary Beth Drum people; once a person becomes a JV, CRF Newletter Editor we hope he-or she-will come often 9107 General Grant Lane & do a lot of work. This gets Affton, Mo. 63123 hard if things are too crowded down at the Ridge, so we have to limit the influx of new people.


-8-The following is an update on the CRF address list. Adams, J. W. 281.51 Hi ghr id ge Rd. C-42 Rancho Palos Verdes, CA 90274 Saer, R. L. C/O Suite 302 1409 Willow St. Ninneapo1is, MN .54403 Christensen, K. A. Christensen, M. J. 206 Parkovash Ave. South Bend, IN 46617 Cottrell, T. E. .594 cottage Ave. Xenia, OH 4.538.5 .513-372-7068 Daunt, D. The Ga te House Old !-li 11 Rd. Gates Mi11s,on 44040 216-423-3442 DuChene, H. R. D.uChene, J. D 6380 Quay St. Arvada, CO 80002 303-420-Ll803 Grover, Bo, J. 2809 C1ifton Ave. Cincinnati, OH 4.5221 .513-961-2943 Rutherford Jr J. M. 46 Cabot Lane Kinnelon, NJ 0740.5 Shuster, E. T. Shuster, A. M. Bur. Topo. & Gaol. Survey Dept. Environmental Resources Harrisburg, PA. 17120 Smith,Jr. G. L. Smith, J. E. Rox 1.50, Skyline Dr. Floyds Knobs, IN 47119 812-94.5-.5721 (home) .502-637-0387 ( GLS, work) S ini th, C. A. Rt. 31 Marenga, OR 43334 419-2.53-3092 (parents) Tay10r,IV, R. J. 161 B1ack1and Rd. NW Atlanta, GA 30312 Ward, S. C. Ward, A. H. 710 Leland 3S st. Louis, MO. 63130 Watson, P. J. 314-86)-0100, ext. 4631 Ehman, M. F. Eharnn, C. G. 24791 Mosquero Mission Viejo Dr San Juan Capistrano, CA 9267.5 NcC1ure R. E. 1617 B S. 7th St. AFB, Ark. 7231.5 Nu11et Jr., F. C. 134 B. Roedil Rd. Manchester, CT 06040 Queen, Jr., J. M. Bermuda Biological Station st. George t s 'ies t Bermuda OLD FRIENDS: Harker,Jr. Donald Francis Harker, Meta Silvey Rt; 3 Clarksville, TN 37040 Knustead, James E. 13731 Conway Rd. st. Louis, MO. 63141 314-434-2117 (home) 312-7.53-2471 ( U. of Chicago) McLead, Barbara Dept of Archaeology Belmopan British Honduras Murphy, Thomas Josepb Ce cil ia M 1311 W. Cornelia Chicago, IL 606.57 312-.52.5-.5741


NEW JV's Renter, Robert A. Dept. of Anthropology Univ. of Missouri Columbia, MO. 65201 314-882-4731 (office) 314-442-6505 (home) Boerner, Christopher A. P. O. Box 474 University Station Lexington, KY 40506 606-269-22C6 (home) 606-258-8556 (work) Campbell, Maria L. 307 Ronan. CCNH Central Muchigan Univ. Mt. Pleasant, MI. 48859 517-774-3829 Currens, James C. 39 Mental1e Pk, #2 Lexington. KY 40502 606-269-4519 606-873-8821 Duchon, KipK .,..*, Park Dr. W8 Atlanta, GA 30309 404-355-4543 (home) 404-876-5862 (work) Harris, Robert w. 1033B Magnolia Manor Henderson, KY 42420 502-826-4008 502-842-4351 (parents) Lamb, Richard Y. 921 Gar fie 1d St. Oak Park. IL 60304 312-848-2387 (home ) 312-996-2782 Levy, Ellen S. 1449 W. Flournoy 2R Chicago, IL 60607 '12-243-8192 (home) 312-996-4537 (work) -9JV ARCH JV JV ARCH JV JV JV BIO JV BIO Martin, Hugh M. JV Oberlin College Mailroom Box 1776 Oberlin, OH 44074 216-774-1221 ext. 2232 312-251-7199 (parents) Patch, Diana C. 6236 Enright, Apt. 2E st. Louis, MO 63130 314-921-5831 312-848-9680 (parents) Roberson, Gary T. 1737 Mi11erw&od Dr. New Albany, IN 47150 812-944-1294 (home) 502-587-7308 (work) Robeitson Jr., Joh A. 581 Lake Rd. Webster, NY 14580 716-458-1000 ext 75120 Schoenwetter, James Dept. of Anthropology Arizona State Univ. Tempe AZ 85281 602-965-2930 (office) 602-838-2851, (home" ) Shaffer, L. ; 1340 Richland Rd. Spring Valley, OH 45370 513-862-4272 (home) 513-862-4126 (work) Sarantis Symeonog10u, Rheba Box 1189 JV ARCH JV JV JV JV, JV ARCH JV ARCH Washington Univ. St. Louis, MO 63130 314-863-0100 ext. 4807 (SS 314-361-7075 (RS, work) 314-725-6697 (home) at work) Van Zant, Terry 1400 E 55th Pl. 408-S Chicago, IL 60637 312-955-7744 (home) 312-996-4537 (work) Yarbrough, Edward M. 6108 Bress1yn Rd. Nashville, TN 37205 615-352-3369 (home) 615-747-4407 (work) JV BIO JV


MaWl NO POSTAGE STAM' NECESSARY IF MAILED IN "THE UNITED STATES -Postage will be paid by Acadenlic Press -ATT: ORDER DEPT. 111 FIFTH AVENUE NEW YORK. NY 10267 1111.11 11.1 1111 11 1 1 1.111 1.1 1 11.1111


DRUbA 9107 GEN. GRANT LA. AFFTON, MO. 63123 Richard B. Zopf Jacoby Rd. Yellow Springs, OH 45387 ADDRESS CORRECTION REQUESTED FIRST CLASS.


NEW FROM ACADEMIC PRESS Archeology of the Mammoth Cave Area Edited by PATTY JO WATSON Department of Anthropology Washington University St. Louis. Missouri A Volume in the STUDIES IN ARCHEOLOGY Series April 1974. 272 PP;. $16.00/.00/ISBN: G-12 More than two thousand years ago Salts Cave. Mammoth Cave. and a few smaller caves in the midwestern United States were explored and mined by late Archaic and Early In dians. This volume is a detailed account of investigations car ried out in Mammoth Cave National Park, Kentucky, since 1969, aimed at describing and explaining the aboriginal use of these caves. Among other things, the book includes reports on : All that is now known about the aboriginal miners them selves and their activities in several caves within Mammoth Cave National Park in Kentucky and in Wyandotte Cave in southern Indiana; Prehistoric materials (including charred and broken human bonelrecovered from excavations in the entrance chamber of Salts Cave; Identification and analysis of botanical material from the caves, emphasizing its significanc e for our understanding of early horticulture in Eastern North America. This volume, with its abundance of anthropological, archeo logical, and botanical detail, will appeal not only to New World archeologists and prehistorians, but also to all those interested in caves anc! cave exploration, ancient or modern. CHAPTER TITLES: Survey and Excavation in the Vicinity of Salts Cave Surface Work in Mammoth Cave National Park Recent History of Salts Cave Observation and Recordin!J in Salts Cave The Salts Cave Textiles: A Preliminary Account Identification and Quantification of Components in Salts Cave Please enter the following order: o Archeology of the Mammoth Cave Area WATSON (Ed.)/$16.00 Paleofeces, 1970-1972 Pollen Analysis of Human Paleofeces from Upper Salts Cave The Search for Animal Parasites in Paleofeces from Upper Salts Cave Ovum and Parasite Examination of Salts Cave Human Paleo feces Observation and Recording in Middle Salts Cave: The Blue Arrow Passage lower Salts Excavations in the Vestibule of Salts Cave Prehistoric Cultural Debris from the Vestibule Trenches Pollen Analysis of Sediments from Salts Cave Vestibule Flotation Procedures Used on Salts Cave Sediments Intestinal Contents of the Salts Cave Mummy and Analysis of the Initial Salts Cave Flotation Series Plant Food Cultivation of the Salts Cavers Nonhuman Vertebrate Remains from Salts Cave Vestibule Identification of Subfossil Shell from Salts Cave Prehistoric People of theMammoth Cave Area Dental Remains from Salts Cave Vestibule Salts Cave {and Relatedl Material in East Coast Museum Col lections Mammoth Cave Archeology Observations in Upper and Lower Mammoth Statistical Analysis of Constituents in Human Paleofecal Speci mens from the Mammoth Cave Pollen Analysis of Prehistoric Feces from Mammoth Cave Mammoth Cave Material in Museum Collections Lee Cave Bluff Cave Wyandotte Cave Prehistoric Miners Prehistoric Horticulturists Appendix: Theoretical and Methodological countered in Dealing with Paleofecal Material References-Project Bibliography-Subject Index. Difficulties En TO YOUR LOCAL BOOKSELLER OR-ACADEMIC PRESS [DJCR3IT1Jrn:CR3 @ DATE ________________ __ (please sign) NAME ______________________________________ __ (please print) AF F III AT I ON------__________________________ ADDRESS __________________________________ ___ CIT Y ____________ ST ATE _______ ZI P CODE ______ PRICES ARE SUBJECT TO CHANGE WITHOUT NOTICE For book orders please add 7% Sales Tax lor New York City deliveries; add 4% lor other New York State delivenes. 40B7 GS/IG-PRINTED IN U.S.A.

Contents: Modification
of the CRF field schedule for duration of 1974 for Mammoth Cave
area --
New area contacts --
Board of Directors' meeting / JPF --
Progress on "the book" / RWB --
November expedition-1973 / SGW --
CRF-West Feb. expedition / RRB --
April 1974 expedition / PCC --
Archeology / PJW --
Be sure Bill Mann has your correct address! --
Observations and related theories of cave development in
Costa Rica / RZ --
Cave rumblings --
Fourteen southeastern caves as new natural landmarks --
Hello from Bill Mann / WFM --
Donations needed at FR / RZ.


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