Cave Research Foundation newsletter

Cave Research Foundation newsletter

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Cave Research Foundation newsletter
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Cave Research Foundation newsletter
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CRF newsletter
Cave Research Foundation
Cave Research Foundation
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Contents: A few words on vocabulary from CRF biologists -- World Heritage list -- New contracts awarded -- Rats -- In brief -- Coming expeditions: MCNP -- Lilburn -- Carlsbad -- Sylamore/Buffalo River -- Expeditions -- Editors note -- Mammoth mystery - is the MC shrimp extinct?
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(October 1980)
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ANNUAL MmlNG Call 214-6917S8& PAGE 1 Kip Duchon examines vandalized formations in The Attic in Flint Ri dge. A group headed by Bi II /v1cCuddy has been gathering broken pieces. During the October expedition, they reassembled a stalagmite and glued it together in its original site with Sikdur High Speed Gel Epoxy. The glue seems to be holding up so they plan to glue other stalagmites during future trips. In October they also laid out other formations at their original sites ready for future gluing. A FEW WORDS ON VOCABUlARY FROM CRF BIOLOGISTS Q..Iestion: What is round and brown and sounds like a bell? (Answer below) The Eskimos have about 30 words to describe snow because its variations are so important to them. My students and I are trying to determine the "vocabulary" that cave organisms use for dung. What qualities are important to them? is it texture, size, or shape? Is it nutritional or energy content? Is it age? Is it smell'? We cannot directly ask the organism but we can experiment to ask them indirectly. In principle we just vary dung qualities independently and quantify the organisms' responses. I have studied survival, growth, and reproductive responses of single invertebrate species on old vs fresh dung to help understand why raccoon, cave rat, and cricket dung have different species in the cave. One of the variables that I have not studied is the contribution of fungi, yeasts, and bacteria to the story. This is where Kathy Lavoie comes in. We hope that Kathy's expertise in microbiology and mine in evolutionary ecology wi II result in a whole answer that is more than the sum of its parts. Kathy is breaking new "ground" by determining whether the dungs also have different fungi, yeasts, and bacteria and studying the basis for both speci es specialization and sequence of fruiting as each dung type decomposes. One experiment involves using Pampers on cage bottoms to collect cave rat dung, grinding it up, and reshaping it into reconstituted rat pellets and both artificial raccoon turds and cricket fecal veneers. The aim is to keep nutrition constant and see the effect of size and shape. The control works since the fungi and animals are the same on real and reconstituted rat pellets. But the specialist animals are not fooled by the artificial raccoon turds or cricket fecal veneers. Crickets go after only the smelly real coon turds and the artificia I coon turds are attacked by the same scavenger beetles and flies that eat real rat pellets. On the other hand, the surface area to volume differences do seem to fool the microbes. Both real and artificial 'coon turds, protected from animals by exclosure cages, a surface slime of bacteria and yeasts. And the veneer of artificial cricket feces is apparently too dispersed to support the fungi normally found on rat pellets. Another experiment varies the moisture and nutrient retention of a dung type. Dung on sand dries faster and loses more nutrients than dung on rock. Indeed, the early successional" fungi, which depends on simple sugars that can leach out of the dung, last longer if the dung is on clay --it stays too wet if it is on rock. But one of the springtails likes it wet and sloppy and is attracted to dung on rocks but not on sand or clay only centimeters away. Lest the reader think that everything works beautifully in our research, we should mention some of our enemies. The cave rat giveth (the dung for our CAVE RESEARCH FOUNDATION Continued over page Answer: DUNG October, 1980


WORLD HERITAGE LIST I n Washington, Mammoth's progress toward inclusion o n the Wor l d Heri tage Lis t i s moving satisfactori Iy. Sarah B i s hop sent a l ong the f ollowing Federal Regist e r noticefor newsl etter publication: Mammoth Cave National P ark: 20 miles northeast of Bowling Green. This netw ork of underground passages i s the most exten s ive cave syst e m known o n earth, with 2 1 5 miles of surveyed interconnecte d passage. I t contains a dive rse collection of cave p lant and animal species, a wide variety of cave formatio n s and evidence of use by early subsistence socities. Crite r i a (natural): 1. An out s t anding exampl e representing a major element of the earth's evolutionary histo r y ; 2. an outstanding example representing significant ongoing geological processes and evidence of human interaction with the natural environment; and 3. a superlative example of a n atura l formation, and an area of exceptional natural beauty. (public notice in F ederal Register, Vol. 45:141, July, 1980, pp 48717-8. The Mammoth Cave entry was one of several nominees submitted by t h e D epartment of the Interior. ) NEW CONTRACTS AWARDED The Cave Research Foundation has been awarded a contrac t t o survey and inventory 12 additional caves in the Sylamore District of the Ozar k -St. Francis Nationa l F o rest s Arkansas. The contract for the firs t 23 caves ended in early August, with submission of the fina l report and maps. Total cave survey was 4.99 mi les. Everyone who participated did a great job. The work on the new contract i s to include a compl e t e inventory of content s and hazards and a survey of each of the 1 2 caves In addition the biology and geology of each cave will be studied. I n cluded in the new lis t of caves i s Roland Cave, a big, incomplete l y explored cave syst e m with an estimated 5-6 miles of R oland will be a challenging cave with a varie t y 'of passage t y pes, inc luding extensive water passages whic h require wet suits and occasional flotation equipme nt. Most o f the o ther caves are expected t o b e s m all to moderate size (less than 1 mil e each). One cilve B on,J,nza will requ ire an extreme l y accurate survey. The contract peri od wi II be 12 months. MCNP THANKSGI V l t-.JG Nov. 27,28,29,30 DiLlnu Daunt Cal W e lbourn ( C (lll S coot e r Hilclebolt, 513-429-1 648, 10 d ays b e f o ,'eh"nd if you p lan t o attend) N E W YEAR-J a n 1, 2, 3, 4 T o m Gruc k e r (C" II S c o o t e r o r Tom at 6 15-269-3921 1 0 days b c f o r c hund) WII'-lT ER-F eb. 7 8 J e n n i f e r Andcr's o n (Cull Scoote r Or J enny .3t 351-5235 <3r c.:\ c o d e 2 17, e v enings if y o u Llre corning ) Coming Expeditions PAGE :: From over page enemies. The cave rat giveth (the dung for our experiments) and he taketh away. That's the r eason for those large chicken wire cages in Columbian Avenue and in Little Beauty Cave. I n my earlier baiting studies, rats had stolen bait off the wir e on top of the cup pitfall traps. So we used less tast y baits and hung them under the wire covers. The rats tore off the covers and pulled out the cups so we staked them down. The rats defecated into the cups through the w i re, so we bui It rock cai rns over the t raps The rat s sat on the cairns and urinated, flooding the traps. So for the present study Kathy and Jim Lavoie built the big traps They keep the rats out, so far at least, but now we have trouble with 2 mm scavenger beetles getting into the exclosure cones being used to study the effect s of microbes without animals. The little buggers a r e so hungry that they dig under the edges of the exclosure cages. Back to the drawing board: Suggestions?? W h y not j oin a biology trip and get a new perspective on caves? TOM POULSON Washington University student s Tammy Bennington and George Crothers are inventorying artifacts in Sand Cave, MCNP, left over f rom attempts t o rescue Floyd C ollins. So far they have found coke, whisky and prescription bottles; mason j a rs; parts f rom two l amps; a n d rusty tin cans and other metal fragments they can't identify. They a lso have found a long, i ron rod, like a furnace stoker, tha t probably was a resc;"e tool. T h eir time in the cave also brought them close r t o Floyd's predicament. George said getting himself o u t was quit e a feat. "I imagine getting someone else out ..... George's grimace finished the sentence for him. K e n Sumner reports that, despite a m ass appeal f o r $5 from each JV who uses MCr-,:p-CRF's new first-aid kits, donations have been disappointing. He says however, that those who have donated money o r supplies have done so in excess of the amount h e s uggested. LILBURN I'JOV. 27,28,29,30 Howard Hurtt CARLSBAD NOV. 27,28,29,30 Diana Northup (505-262-0602) (505-265-7186) John M c Lean SYLAMOREIBUFFALO RIVER I ',OV, 22-23 CRF NEWSlffiER P O Box 931 Champaign, Il 61820 12171 356-1834 Editor: Jennifer Anderson Editorial Siaff: Thom Fehrman Ed Lisowski Cal l Cal Welbourn (614-675-671 9), Paul clore (501-521-1233), o r P e t e Linds ley (21 4 -6917 C :; :;) one week befor e


In preparation for field work (no dates set Yet), Cal Welbourn is updating the JV list for the Sylamore and Buffalo National River projects. If you plan to participate and want to be on the active JV list for one or both of these projects, Cal at 3678 Hollowcrest,' Columbus, OH43223, or call him at (614) 875-6719-home, or 422-7180--work. He has a 30-day deadline on receiving names and addresses for the list. If he doesn't hear from you, you won't be notified of Sylamore or Buffalo expedition dates. The next Buffalo River expedition is Nov. 22-23. Please call Cal, Paul Blore (501-521-1283), or Pete Lindsley (214-691-7986 one week before ,to let them know you're coming. David DeslVoarais' reports that the Californians have had an excellent 1980 field season. John Tinsley is getting some interesting dates to apply to formations in the cave from his sedimentology project. Most significant deposits he found inside Li Iburn were at the bottom of sinkholes. These were dated at 1,000 years, indicating the sinkholes collapsed at least that long ago. Volcanic ash found at one of the sinkholes, linked to eruptions in the Sierra Nevada region about 1,000 years ago, reinforce the date suggested for the sinkhole collapse. The structural geology of Lilburn has been given similar scrutiny. Gail McCoy has examined and recorded structural features in almost a mile of Lilburn passage. Her work winds up the field research for her master's thesis. John and Gail will present papers on their research at the International Congress in Bowling Green. David says Californians have just completed the rough draft of thei r personnel manua I --a project they began at the beginning of this year. The California CRF manual will be abstracted and incorporated in the CRF-wide one that Diana Daunt has in the mi II. Boyd Evison is the new superintendent of Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks. Californian JVs, according to David, are delighted with the choice because Evison has shown a strong commitment to cave preservation in particular and conservation in general. He was instrumental in having the NPS sponsor IVoammoth Cave for the World Heritage List. David reports the Pacific CRF is pleased it finally has a workable day-to-day arrangement with the park service there. He .says they are optimistic their prospectus for CRF work in the area over the next five years wi II be approved. The immediate benefi t of approval will be use of a field house near the cave. They already have approval for an equipment cache and water supply near the cave. The NPS is intent on preserving the wi Iderness, so road access to Red Canyon has been taken away. For CRF this means a four-mile hike to the cave, Use of the field house would represent a significant saving in time and effort. PAGE 3 Forty people attended Ron Wilson's Aug. 2-5 expedition. Reports show that in Great Onyx, Triangle Pit was dropped and a canyon at bottom quickly narrowed to 6 inches wide; in IVoammoth no shrimp were found during a search of the Shrimp Pools; isopods were studied at Shaler's Brook and baited jars were left in Styx River; the rope in Cathedra I Domes was changed; a party found a lake 4-5 feet deep and 15 feet long at the bottomof the second of two drops near the Frozen Niagara steps; an excavation lead persists off Thorpe's Pit in IVoartel Avenue; fragments of large bones were found near termina I breakdown in Proctor's Frost Avenue, but no route beyond; and 500 feet was added to the Hawkins River map i n the D Survey. Fifteen trips were fielded and Ron reports that at least five of the new JVs on his expedition rated "excellent." Kathleen Dickerson's Labor Day expedition racked up an inpressive 11,048 feet of survey. Of that, 7,267 feet was new survey in IVoammoth, I, 135 was new survey in Johnson Cave and Flint Ridge, and 2,645 feet was resurvey in Mammoth. Highlights of the expedition which was attended by 43 people include: the shrimp hunt in IVoammoth (see story elsewhere in the newsletter); biclogical census work in Little Beauty and Colombian Avenue; a waterflow study in Nolin Resevoir; photography of historic names; stalagmite gluing in The Attic; a paleofecal find in Salts Cave; bone finds in Blackhall Avenue that include woodrat, rabbit, white-footed mouse, eastern mole, and two species of bat. Kathleen also reports the CRF has a wetsuit; that \<.en Sumner now has 10 first aid kits completed with 10 more on the way; the water tank seems to be full at about 36 inches; and that Tom Poulson has contributed a collection of small picklea animals to the Austin House so cavers can compare and identify animals they see during caving trips. She also describes several new JVs on her expedition as very promising. John Branstetter reports tha t Doug Rhodes rep laces Bob Buecher as the new ar ea manager for CRF West. Bob has taken Joe Repa's position as cheif cartographer. Joe wi II continue to be cctive, working on individual cartographic projects. Doug brings his enthusiasm to his new position, John says, and is busy gathering information from Western JVs. With this base of data, ranging from caving interests to individua I comments on the CRF as a whole, Doug hopes to reorganize, revitalize and redi rect the efforts of CRF West. John reports that the discovery of sulfur in Carlsbad contri buted to an unusua Ily eventful October expedition. That was Saturday. On Sunday Carol H ill discovered an ancient riverbed in Lower Cave, The main excitement occurred, however, on Saturday night when CRF assisted the NPS in the recovery from Carlsbad of an enlisted man, 18, from Cannon AFB. The report is that the young man, who apparently had been drinking, tried to get past the Carlsbad gate by climbing along the right-hand wall near the entrance. He successfully negotiated a 4-inch-wide sloping ledge that was covered with slippery bat guano and entered an a Icove. He apparently tri ed to continue along the wall in an area of some crumbling formations when he fell an e stimated 75 feet to his death, landing near the tourist trail. A broken formation (?handhold) was found near the body. John says the CRF's efforts allowed most Park Service personnel to continue with their normal duties and greatly improved the working relationship CRF has with local Park Service officials.


PAGE 4 The burn-out factor among newsletter editors is a problem of such magnitude I'm surprised it wasn't mentioned during the presidential debates. Carter has never come up with a decent problem to combat it --a charge Reagan might well have fired at him if he was truly concerned. It remains for Congress to put aside SALT II for a time and tackle editor burn out. In the meantime, burn-out has claimed another victim --me. This, my fifth newsletter, is my last. The unflagging support I've had from CRF folk, like the Watsons, makes me feel guilty about quitting 15 months after I began but I will feel even guii'tier if I continue producing a newsletter that soon would show my complete lack of devotion. There is another factor in my decision --time. Producing the newsletter takes a great deal of that. Because my career has chosen this late date to begin to fly, time, suddenly, has become very scarce. There is too little of it left over for me to give the newsletter the kind of love it deserves. Time is love. My f inal act of office is to reprint a court decision of 1929, cave war fodder, that is a masterwork of rhetoric and legal nit-picking. It transforms Great Onyx Cave into a shrine. Its explorers obviously were on a mission from God, busy getting to know the cave in the Biblical sense. Caving is love. JENNIFER ANDERSON BY THE FLICKERING FLARE OF THEIR FLAMIN G FLAMBEAUX --EDWARDS V, SIMS In the recent case of Edwards v. Lee, an appeal was dismissed which sought a review and reversal of a n order of the Edmonson circuit court directing surveyors to enter upon and under the lands of Edwards and others and survey the Great Onyx Cave for the purpose of securing evidence on an issue as to whether o r not a part of the cave being exp loited and shown by the appellants runs under the ground of Lee. Cujus est solum, ejus est usque ad coelum ad infernos (to whomsoever the soil belongs, he owns also to the sky and to the depths), is an old maxim and rule. It is tha t the owner of realty, unless there has been a division of the estate, is entitled to the free and unfette red control of his own land above, upon, and beneath the surface. So whatever is in a d irect line between the surface of the land and the center of the earth b elongs to the owner of the surface. W e see no difference in principle between the invasion o f a mine on adjoining property to ascertain whether the minerals a r e Deing extracted from under the applicant's property and an inspection of this respondent's property through his cave to ascertain whether h e is trespassing under this applicant's property. It appears tha t before making this order the court had before him surveys of the surface of both properties and the conflicting opinions of witnesses as to whether the Great Onyx Cave extended under the surface of the plaintiff's land. This opinion evidence was of compar atively little value, and as the chancellor (now respondent) suggest ed, the controversy can be quickly and accurat ely settled by surveying the cave; and if d e fendants a r e correct in their contention this survey will establish it beyond all doubt and their title to thi s cave wi II be forever qui eted. If the survey shows the Great Onyx Cave extends under the lands of plaintiff's lands, if they are in fact doing so. The peculiar nature of these conditions, it seems to u s makes it imperative and necessary in the administration of justice that the survey should have been ordered and should be made. Dissenting opinion: ..... The rule should be that he who owns the surface is the owner of everything that may b e taken from the earth and used for his profit o r happiness . II i s well enough to hang our theories and ideas, but when the r e i s an effort to apply old principles to present-day conditions, and they will not fit, then it becomes necessary for a readjustment. For these reasons the old sophistry that the owner of the surface of land is the owner of ever ything from zenith to nadir must b e reformed, and the reason why a reformation is necessar y is because the theory was never true in the past, but no occasion arose that require the testing of it. Man had no dominion over the air above him until recently, and, prior to his conquering the air, no one had any occasion to question the claim of the surface owner that the air above him was subject to his dominion. Shall a man be allowed to stop airpla"es flying above his land because he owns the surfacer He cannot subject the atmosphere through which they fly to his profit or pleasure; there, so long as airplanes do not injure him, Or interfere with the use of his property, he should be helpless to prevent their above his dominion. If he who owns the surface does not own and control the atmosphere above, he does not own and control vacuity beneath the surface. Edwards owns this cave through right of discovery, exploration, development, advertising, exhibition and conquest. I.ien fought their way through the eternal darkness, into the mysterious and abysmal depths of the bowels of a groaning world to discover the theretofore unseen splendors of unknown natura I scenic wonders. They were conquerors of fear, although now and then one of them, as did Floyd Collins, paid with his life, for his hardihood in adventuring into the regions where Charon with his boat had never before seen any but the spirits of the departed. They let themselves dow n on flimsy ropes into pits that seemed bottomless; they clung to scanty handholds as they skirted the brinks of precipices while the flickering flare of the flaming flambeaux disclosed no bottom to the yawning gulf beneath them; they waded through rushing torrents, not knowing what awaited them on the farther side; they climbed slippery steeps to find other levels; they wounded their bodies on stalagmites and stalactites and other curious and weird formations; they found chambers, star-studded and filled with scintillating light reflected by a phantasmagoria revea ling fanci ed phantoms, and tapestry woven by the toiling gods in the dominion of Erebus; hunger and thirst, danger and deprivation could not stop them. Through weeks, months, and years ever linking chamber with chamber, disclosing an underground land of enchantment, they cont i nued thei r explorations; through the years they connected these with the outside world through the entrance on the land of Edwards . They crea ted an underground kingdom where Gulliver's people may have lived or where Ayesha may have found the revolving column of fire in which to bathe meant eternal youth. When the wonders were unfolded and the ways made, safe, then Edwards patiently commenced advertisement of hi s cave. Fi rst came one to see, then another, then two together, then sma II groups, then sma II crowds, then large crowds and then the multitudes. Then came the horse leach's daughters crying: "Give me," give me." Then came the surface men crying, "I think this cave may run under my land." They do not know, they only guess, but they seek to discover the secrets of Edwards so that they may harass him and take from him that which he has made his own . What may be the result if they stop hi sways? They destroy the cave, because those who visit it are they who give it value, and none will visit when the ways are barred so that it may not be exhibited as a whole. Equity, according to my judgment, should not destroy that which belongs to one man when he at whose behest the destruction is visited, although with some legal right, is not benefited thereby. Any ruling by a court

MAMMOTH MYSTERY IS THE Me SHRIMP EXTINCT? Ed Lisowski held aloft a vial of small, white pickled animals. "This is what you're looking for," he said. "But you won't see it if you find it." Ed was flashing the vial in the Roaring River Passage at Mammoth Cave on Aug. 28. His audience was a scruffy group of nine-explorers-cum-biologists-for-a-day. The occasion was the first full-scale search for the Mammoth Cave Shrimp. The shrimp in the vial were white, about I! inches long and were bent at about 90 degrees in the middle. They had clearly visible antennae, eating and scooping parts and feelers in a brush around their mouth ends. But Ed explained we would see none of this when we found our quarry. "All you'll see is their shadows." Although the shrimp in the vial were similar in size and characteristics to those we had been rounded up to find, they weren't even a cave species. Cave shrimp, alive and in their natural habitat, are as transparent as the crystal-clear pools they inhabit. Their habitat is, or perhaps was, the Shrimp Pools in the Roaring River Passage, barely 100 feet from the junction of Silliman's Avenue, Echo River and Roaring River. The nine cavers were assembled to find an animal that could be extinct. The last major confi rmed sighting was in the sixties, about the time the Nolin Resevoir was built neartheGreen River. The discovery in 1979 of a lone, dead MC Shrimp, however, raised hopes that the shrimp still inhabits Mammoth. An answer to whether the shrimp is extinct is important to people who are committed to preserving species and habitats. The answer wi II be particularly important to people moving to have Lock and Dam 6, downstream from Nolin removed It is theorized that Lock and Dam 6 aggravates a habitat problem in the cave caused by Nolin. The poor shrimp appears to be the main victim. Nolin releases seasona Ily and causes extreme backflooding in the cave when it reaches Lf,' D 6. This backflooding washes the shrimp out of their breeding pools into the rivers at stages in their life cycle when they are most vulnerable to the predators teeming in the river. Nature, untroubled by dams and locks, appears to have adapted shrimp to natural backflooding. This is a gentler kind of backflooding, timed to wash the shrimp out of the pools at times when they have the wherewithal and low anima I cunning to survive. Ed completed his preamble to the search and the group dispersed to scare up some shrimp -speaking figuratively, of course. The object was to make the animals, curious, not scared. We were told to blow gently on the surface of a pool we were checking or to drop in a tiny pebble. Either might entice the shrimp away from the bottom of the pool. Their shadow is easier to see if they are swimming near the surface. Ed also told us to take "slow, easy, steps" in the pools so we would not stir up sediment and give the shrimp silt cloud cover. Most of the group spent their time wading the pools, doubled over so faces could b e c lose enough to water level to spot the shadows. Others accompani ed divers John Dickerson and Rick Olson to Roaring River. The divers looked like technicolor skinheads. Rick was wearing a bright orange wetsuit with an ultra marine hood. John's suit was a more sober hue but his orange anti-buoyancy compensator added a suitably bizarre touch. As John and Rick were floating off, thei I" underwater lamps carved a green fan-shaped path ahead of them in the black water. Kip Duchon hit the nail on the head: "Thank God these shrimp are blind or they'd be so scared we wouldn't see them." One of Roger Brucker's flashbulbs popped by way of an exclamation point. Roger, who was trying to photograph the "eerie green effect" as well as photographically record the shrimp hunt, had given pnj! PAGE 5 of the divers a flash gun in a makeshift waterproof case made in situ from a plastic carbide bag. Only Roger's flash, above water, fired. Seconds later, the diver surfaced and handed Roger a dripping flashgun. The divers then drifted off to the far reaches of the 400-feet-long pool, the red tip of Rick's snorkel pinpointing his vague red form below the They didn't find shrimp -or whales. They did, however, report nice underwater side passages in the far end of the cavern where the ceiling drops to nearly six inches from the water surface. The divers and support team moved to Echo River to continue the search, passing clusters of pool-shrimpers on the way. Echo River appeared to be as shrimp less as Roaring River, and the gr-oups searching the pools had a a simi lar report. The shrimp search officially ended when a dispirited group of 10 climbed aboard the elevator after eight hours in the cave, but it is only midpoint in the story of the MC Shrimp; the implications of a negative result are a Imost as far reaching as a positive result. Had a shrimp population been found that day, the wheels that have started turning in Washington and elsewhere to have the MC shrimp declared an endangered species would speed up. The Fed, through the Office of Endangered Speci es wi II support moves to demo I i sh L&D 6 if they have irrefutable evidence that there are still MC Shrimp at MC. As the shrimp hunt didn't, as hoped, turn up that kind of evidence, it remains to be seen whether the one dead shrimp found in 1979 in MC will be enough to keep supporters convinced it i s not too late for the shrimp -convinced that the shrimp is not extinct and continuing to fight, however, slowly, toward removal of L&D 6 and other measures to ensure surviva I of the speci es. JENNIFER ANDERSON The OES will hold a public meeting in Bowling Green, KY., on Dec. 10, 1980, to receive comments on the proposed listing of the MC Shrimp as an endangered species, as well as designating the Shrimp Pools as critical habitat. The economic impact of so listing the shrimp will be considered. Written statements will be accepted unti I Jan. 9, 1981. Letters of support are needed. State briefly that you are familiar with the threats to the shrimp, are concerned about its survival, and convinced that the shrimp's value to the nation as a natural resource is greater than possible adverse impact of measures to protect it. The letters should be sent to the U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Office of Endangered Species, Washington, D. C. 20240. ED LISOWSKI CHRISTMAS Sf-:OPPING FOR CAVING FRIENDS SHOULD BEGIN WITH A CAVE-RELATED BOOK FROM CRF. Claire Weedman will mail a list of books she has in stock on request. Order now Christmas is closing in, from Claire Weedman (615-228-7706), 1 909 McGavock Pike, Nashville, TN 37216. Many JVs enjoyed the underground company of French painter Jean Truell and his wife, Hoviette, who were visiting MCNP during the summer. Pat Watson, a frequent guide for the couple, says he carries his easel and art materials into the cave in a backpack. When he gets to an area he likes, he does a series of very fast watercolors while Hoviette shines a light on the spots he is interested in. In the next few months he wi II trans la te the sketches into very big oil paintings which he will be exhibiting at the International Congress.


Brot er NicMolas 7 0 18 o y e,. Ph;lacl lPhia, PA. 1911 CAVE RESEARCH FOUNDATION P.o. Box 931, Champaign, Il 61820

Contents: A few words
on vocabulary from CRF biologists --
World Heritage list --
New contracts awarded --
Rats --
In brief --
Coming expeditions: MCNP --
Lilburn --
Carlsbad --
Sylamore/Buffalo River --
Expeditions --
Editors note --
Mammoth mystery is the MC shrimp extinct?


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