Cave Research Foundation newsletter

Cave Research Foundation newsletter

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Cave Research Foundation newsletter
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Cave Research Foundation newsletter
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CRF newsletter
Cave Research Foundation
Cave Research Foundation
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serial ( sobekcm )
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Contents: International Speleological Congress July, 1981 Bowling Green, Kentucky -- George S. Sweeting -- The executive reports -- CRF Karst Research Fellowsihp -- Expedition Reports: Mammoth Cave National Park: February, March April - Guadalupe escarpment area: New Years, February, March, April - Lilburn Cave - Summary of Activities -- Upcoming expeditions: Mammoth Cave National Park, Guadalupe area, Sylamore project, Lilburn Cave -- No pets -- In brief -- Cave-proofing the Coleman Lantern / Frank Reid -- Cave Books -- Dung studies.
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(June 1981)
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K26-00708 ( USFLDC DOI )
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CAVE RESEARCH FOUNDATION NEWSLETTER CRF NEWSLETTER, June 1981 International Speleological Congress July, 1981 Bowling Green, Kentucky The International Speleological Congress is a one-week gathering of speleologists from all over the world. This surrmer it will be held in a non-European county for the first time since its incept i on severa 1 decades ago. The Congress will be held during the week of July 18 -24 in Bowling Green, Kentucky, and various field camps and excursions are planned for the weeks preceding and following. The main Congress week will be devoted to scientific sessions, short field trips, slides, films, and various official meetings of the International Union of Speleology. CRF is one of the cooperating organizations for the Congress, and roughly half of the officers and activities chairmen are affiliated with CRF. Activities planned by CRF as a group include the following: (1) A caving camp will be offered at the Flint Ridge field station during the pre-Congress week, which will be similar to a normal expedition week, but with mainly foreign participants. Pete Lindsley, Roger Brucker, and Red Watson are camp leaders. (2) Caving in the Guadalupes will be offered at a post-Congress camp at Carlsbad Caverns National Park, organized by Doug Rhodes, Caro 1 Hill, Bob Buecher, and Steve Wells. (3) A science camp will be held at Flint Ridge during the post-Congress week. Geology/speleogenesis, archeology, and biology will be emphasized. Leaders are (5) A science/history tour of the Historic Route of Marrmoth Cave will be offered for a 11 Congress attendees on the Monday of the ma i n Congress week. The tours are being organized by Art and Peg Palmer. A guidebook to the tour route has been prepared by them and by Will Wh ite. Seven separate tours wi 11 be 1 ed by CRF and Park Service personnel, and CRF members specializing in various scientific and historical aspects of the cave will be stationed at key spots along the route to provide short discusslons. (6) During June and August 1981, CRF will host visiting foreigners who are interested in conducting or participating in research at the Flint Ridge field station. We will provide guides and field assistance. Research in the geosciences, archeology, and biology/ paleontology is being coordinated by Art Palmer, Pat Watson, and Tom Poulson, respectively. Help is needed in several of these events, particularly the Mammoth Cave tours. If you wish to lend a hand, contact the appropriate leader of the event. In addition, we are badly in need of help with the sale of books and other items during the Congress (contact Roger McClure or Claire Weedman), Day passes are available for those who do not wish to register for the entire Congress. In addition, a free half-day pass is provided for each half day of volunteer work during the main Congress week. For further information on events, registration, and apportunities for volunteer effort, write to: Secretariat, International Speleological Congress, Department of Geography and Geology, Western Kentucky, Bowling Green, Kentucky 42101. Art Palmer, Pat Watson, and Tom Poulson. (4) During the main Congress week, a two-hour, slide-illustrted presentation will be given on CRF research and other activities. This event is coordinated by Tom Poulson, with individual talks to be given by specialists in various fields. George S. Sweeting Our greatest sympathy is extended to Mary S weeting o n the death of her f ather George Sweeting. George was a member o f CRF-East and a professor a t Oxford for many years.


C R F NEWSLETTER, June 1981, THE Recr.l1tly S a r al1 Bishop as ke d the directors, the office rs, and miscella n eous other JVs to repor 0 ., t h eir activities since the meeting i n November. Here are some of tile 1 1 ig h 1 igl1ts: Ka th 1 ee n Di ck erson, the Personne 1 Officer f or tlie eastern operations tha l 7.5% of us have responded to her for information of value to the officer. OK, 75%, get o n Nith it. Records reports request safety Ron I.ipinski, the Personnel Officer for the Guadalupe E sc arpment Area has done a vas t job of updaling lhe p e l 'sonne l list; for his area--.;dd ing new inactive ones from the l ist, and generally improving the moral p u f e x pedition attendees. He has also recruite d some help in the Carlsbad cartography effort. Art and Peg Palmer reporl a n exhaustive 1 i st of activities, including publications, preparations for the International S peleologica l r.ongress, and editorship of the 1980 Annual Report. Claire Weedman is preparing an Expedition Leader's Manual focussing on camp management. She is a 1 so pub 1 i cat ions mechandizing business in a big way. CRF has recently bought the Speleologia Series from Z e phyrus Pre ss, wh i ch means we are now the primary dealer for titles such as: S peleology, Caves Beyond, Jewel Cave Adventure, Luray Caverns, and Guide to Arner i can Caves. Support your 1 oca 1 book seller. Richard Zopf, Chief Cartographer for the Mammoth Cave Project has been running a map factory, putting together the 1981 address 1 i st, mak ing a poster map for the Congress and putting together the pieces of a computer to assist the cartography program. Diana Daunt-Mergens HAS DONE IT. The new Personnel Manual is published. The Newsletters are c oming out fast and furiously, a n d a new map factory has started up in Louisville. As you ca n see, we are a pretty busy group. Why not join a project and get involved? Kar s t Research Fellowship C R F :.: a graol lilt r f<)r 'Iesis "sea r c h in lhe biological;. er.Clnom1 C o r earth science, for I.ile academic jear 1')8 1-1 982. T h e fellowship is offe red losupp ort scientific relilted '') k r s t in the . orld. CRF Nill be announcing the award by Ju n e 1 981. Page 2 EXPCOITIDII H l:I'G lllS MalTTlloth Cave Nationa 1 Park February: Proctor Cave was the main objective of the expediti on. De,p 1 e a Proctor push by three parties, however, ,1One of t.he filbulous trunk passage we all know riddles Joppa Ridge was found. About 200 feet o f puny passage was surveyed, and a few good leads were reported. A Salts Cave crew brought back about 1000 feet of survey, and in Marrrnoth Cave, biology, photography and survey trips all were reported successful. The National Fish and Wildlife personnel were escorted to the Golden Triangle and to Echo River to look for shrimp. The water level was up unfortunately and no shrimp were seen. A reporter from WKYU FM in Bowling Green accompanied them which resulted in rad i 0 coverage in Bow 1 i ng Green and on National Public Radio discussing the Kentucky Blind Shrimp. March: The March expedition was extremely diversi fi ed. Photograph s were taken in Mammoth for a folio for the Congress this summer. Ridge walking along the South flank of Jim Lee Ridge found a 20-foot wide cave with strong air-flow. Many leads were checked, cleaned-up and new ones discovered. Indian Avenue in Salts Cave was partially resurveyed over this exped it i on. April: The Easter Bunny's appearance in pink was the hit of the weekend. Two massive trips were fielded to Salts Cave to accurately survey the main passage with pedestals and transmit. The Arceologists headed for a cave in Tenn where they made a significant discovery of a 1 ithic workshop insi de the cave. Ridge wa 1 king and surface survey was done on the north side of Joppa Ridge where 5 new ho 1 es were located. Guadalupe Escarpment Area New Years: During this expedition, eight trips were con due ted in Car 1 sb ad Caverns and a tota 1 of 2,635 feel were surveyed. Work continued in the Guadalupe Ruclr., plltting in a control survey as Nell ilS 350 feet of virgin passage. off the northwest end of the room. Calcite raft deposits up to three feet thick' on 1 edges and side pass ages off the lower G uadalupe Room \.ere found. Also no led were two gypsum sta 1 agmi tes and hydromagnes i teo mool1mi 11<.


CRF NEWSLETTER, June 1981, Expedition Reports (Continued) Four trips were ridge-walking or to back country caves. Photographs were taken in Scout Cave of fossils and three caves were found in Slaughter Canyon. Six teams were sent to the Gypsum karst for the total of 1719 feet in three caves and 3288 feet of surface survey. February: CRF teams continue to discover minor amounts of new passage near the Guadalupe Room. Most recent expeditions have concentrated on th is area in an effort to correct major errors in the map and to tie up loose ends. Recently-discovered Glori Cave, already the longest cave in Gaudalupe Mountains National Park, yielded 150-200 feet or virgin passage to the February Expedition. The cave also reta 1 i ated by i nf ec t i ng two of the fi ve explorers with high fevers and respiratory ailments. March: Surveying and map field checking was done in the New Sectionof the Guadalupe Room in Carlsbad Caverns. An oral history project was begun with a tour of the cave narrated by Ray Hardwick, from the entrance to the Big Room. April : The primary objective of the weekend was to fi na 1 i ze survey data on Ch imney and Chr i stmas Tree Cave and to survey the tra i 1 up to New Cave so that the pos i t i on of the tra i 1 relative to New and Wen Caves could be determined. These objectives were accomplished with a total survey of' 40.61 miles! 680-feet was surveyed in the caves while 213,759.16 feet of surface survey was done. Lilburn Cave -Summary of Activities Lilburn has just concluded the last field season in Redwood Canyon where the canyon road was available for vehicles. Future expeditions will start and finish with a six mile hike through stunning Sequoia wilderness. Eleventh hour permission was obtained to replace totally the ramshackle cabin with a super new structure. NPS agreed to provide all shingles and nails for the walls and roof. Six trunkloads of lumber, foundation block and a wood stove were haul ed to the site in November. A fund drive since that time has recovered half the cost of these materials. The large cost of the cabin and the needed camp supplies will make it rough for us to contribute very much of other CRF causes this spring. Page 3 NPS has also agreed to construct a new cave gate to our specifications and to deliver gate, reinforcing bar and concrete to the site by May, uSing mule trains. The old entrance gate to the cave is easily violatible and needs improvement A manuscript map of Lilburn will be available sometime in 1981. Excellent relations have been established with Superintendent Boyd Evison. The Lilburn work has been properly "baptized with the appropriate paperwork, and CRF has produced five publications about Lilburn and one (the inventory) about all Parks caves. Three of these publications were prepared in January and submitted to the International Congress. Look for us there! UPCOMING EXPEDITIONS Mammoth Cave National Park 11 -17 R. Brucker R. Watson 18 -24 July 25 Ju ly to 5 Aug. 5 -13 Sept. P. L i nds 1 ey 8th International A. Palmer T. Poulson P J. Watson K Dickerson 513-878-3587 314-862-7646 214-691-7968 Congress 607-432-6024 312-383-2706 314-862-7646 Guadalupe Area 27 JulyS. Wells 505-294-1778 2 Aug. D Rhodes 505-873-1155 5-7 Sept. R. 10-12 Oct. Lipinski 505-266-4005 To Be Announced Sylamore Project 13-14 June 1-2 August 29 Aug to C 7 Sept. Lilburn Cave C Welbourn P. Blore Welbourn 13-14 June B .&P. Frantz Cabin building only 15-16 Aug. D. DesMarais Regular expedition 10-11 Oct. J. Tinsley Regular expedition 26-29 Nov. S. Ulfeldt Regular expedition 614-875-6719 501-521-1283 614-875-6719 408-356-8506 415-322-0778 415-327-2368 415-841-4303 It is very important that EVERYONE notify the expedition leader of area contact of your plans to attend an expedition at least one week before the scheduled expedition. Failure to do so may result in a lonely and hungry weekend.


CRF NEWSLETTER, June 1981, Expeditions (Continued) SYALMORE PROJECT 1981 FIELD SCHEDULE June 13-14, 1981* Cal Welbourn (614) 875-6719 August 1-2, 1981* Paul Blore (501) 521-1283 August 29 -September 7, 1981* Cal Welbourn (614) 875-6719 Additional Expeditions may be scheduled as needed or as personnel become available. Please note that the dates of some Expeditions may change due to the weather or changes in the contracct specifications. Those Expeditions marked with an asterisk may have trips that require wet suits. The May 1981 Expedition will have trips requ i ring wet su its. I f you have any questions, please contact the Expedition Leader. Cal Welbourn Project Director 3678 Hollowcrest Columbus, Ohio 43223 (614) 875-6719 home (614) 422-7180 work Knock, kriock. Who's there? HBlloch. HBlloch who? HBlloched the gate? IET ME OUTl c cntrituted by Anna I"/atscn Page 4 NO PETS The po 1 i cy of both the NPS and CRF is: NO PETS. We have often been lax about this, and NPS officials have been lenient. However, pets have always run loose and caused problems. Please do not bring pets to Flint Ridge. You cannot keep them there. (Some of you may not have realized it, but radios, also are pets. Leave them at home.) IN BRIEF CRF caver Mike Link was injured in February, 1981 while sailing near his home in Nashville. He was cruising in his sailboat when struck in the back of the head by a stray bu 11 et fi red by a hunter on the shore of PercY Priest Reservoir. The wound was superficial and did not require hospital treatment. Perhaps is safer tnan sa i1 ing. CRF West personne 1, inc 1 ud i ng Linda Starr and Ron Lipinski, were the driving force behind a bill to pY'otect New Mexico caves. The bill would make it misdemeanor to knowingly destroy any natural material found in caves, including plants and animals, without the permission of the cave's owner. It would also prohibit littering and disturbance of archeological materials in caves. At last report, the bill had been passed by both House and Senate, and was on the Governor's desk for his signature. The 1981 Board of Directors Annual Meeting will be held in Columbus, Ohio on the 7th of November. More i nformat i on wi 11 be upcomi ng in future Newsletters. Will i am W. Dunmi re rePorted as super i ntendent of Car 1 sbad Caverns and Guada 1 upe Mounta i ns National Parks the first week in February. Superintendent Dunmire previously worked at Coulee Dam Recreation Area. He has also reportedly served as chief of interpretation for the NPS in Washington. He and his wife, Vangie, avid backpackers and campers, expect to see most of his new assignment on foot. They have also indicated a strong interest in participating in CRF expeditions once they settle into their new surroundings. One of Dunmire's first actions was to approve capping of the shafts into Bat Cave; a move sought by researchers for at least a decade. In private conversation, Dunmire repeatedly indicated that his major goal would be preservation of the resources.


CRF NEWSLETTER, June 198]. CAVE-PROOFING TH[ LANT[RN Yes, we know that true hard-core cavers use only carbide or electric light, but there are times when ani ce warm, bri ght gaso 1 i ne lantern is useful Surveying in large passages, collecting specimens, and other scientific work where you move slowly and need as much light as possible. The new Coleman Peak-l miniature lantern is espec ially attractive for cave use. Gaso 1 i ne 1 an terns are eas i ly damaged by the t'ough treatment of cav i ng. The gl o bes and mantles get broken. Water dripping on the hot top of the lantern causes flakes of ename 1 to break off. Lanterns can be made much more rugged by a few inexpensive mod ifi cati ons: 1) Make a rubber boot to go around the tank. Use a piece of old inner tube from a motorcyc 1 e or sma 11 car. Api ece of wet-suit material is even better. This protects the tank from impact, abrasion and mud, and helps protect mantle from shock. It' s also a good place to store extra mantles. 2) Shock-mount the globe. Put small blobs of silicone adhesive (RTV) around the upper and lower rims of the glass. Allow the glue to dry before reassembling the lantern. (i.e., don't glue the globe into th lantern.) Silicone adhesive is unique in that it sticks to glass, and does not burn or melt at high temperature. It can even be used to repair a broken globe if there aren't too many pieces. Of course, you can remove the globe entirely You don't need it where there's no wind and rain. 3) Make a drip protector out of an aluminum pan from a frozen pot-pie. Make a small hole in the center, and secure the pan under the nut on top of the lantern. (The Peak-l has no nut, so use s i 1 icone glue to attach the drip protector.) Frank Reid CAVE BOOKS Announcing New Arrivals: CRF PERSONNEL MANUAL 3rd edition. $7.00 1979 ANNUAL REPORT $5.00 Now availohle from: Cave flooks 1909 McGavock Pike Tennesse e 37216 Page 5 Put forth is the subject of dung, Those land mines if foot wrongly flung. How it decomposes, Nobody knowses. I'd learn but have fear for my lungs. JS K aufmann Decomposition is an essential process in all ecosystems, resulting in the recycling of essential nutrients which would otherwise be tied up in detritus (leaves, dung, carcasses, etc.). The process of decomposition is success i ona 1. The changes in spec i es on a particular resource are regular and predictable. Many factors are known to influence the succession, but due to the complexities of most systems these factors are usually studied in isolation on only one group of organisms. My research is unique in that I'm using manipulated dung in a naturally simplified cave environment to study the effects on successio{1 of many factors on all three major groups bacteria, fungi, and invertebrates. The above limerick describes how most people react when they find out I'm studying dung decomposition. Dung does have several advantages over other systems; it's easily collected and manipulated, the animals diet can be controlled, and no one worries about your harming a natural system. The time scale of the succession on dung is also of reasonable length for study. In my research I collect, dry, and grind up dung from cave rats kept in the 1 ab. I then add water and re-form it (by hand) to resemble three natural fecal types found in caves---rate, raccoon, and cricket. The three imitation forms have the same dry weight, moisture, nutritional value and fungal inoculum. The only differences are in the form and conSistency of each imitation type. The three natural dung types differ in all of the above factors. One aspect of my research has been to determine if nutritional value or form and consistency is most important in determining what organisms will develop on the dung. If nutrition is most important, then all forms and consistencies would show the same patterns of succession. If shape is more important, then the patterns would resemble those seen on the natural material. Another factor I'm investigating is local differences in the environment and the animal populations. To study this, I'm doing the study in two areas ---a con stand deep cave site and a variable entrance area. In the d ee p cave there are no sea sona 1 and wea ther effects, and the density and diversity of ani m a ls is very low. None of the three


CRF NEWSLETTER June 198 1, Dung S tudies (Continue d ) n atural f eca l type s i s normal l y found there. The entrance a r e a has reduce d s ea s ona l and l eathe r effec t s compared t o the surface, and t h e densit y and diversit y o f animals is hi g her tha n i n the d ee p c a v e but lower than s ur f ace populations. All three fecal types a r e normall y found in the entrance. I have found that invertebrate succession is affec ted by the location, with a higher de n sity and diversity in the entrance area. The animals prefer the rat pellet shaped dung and the finer consistency dung and really had a h a r d time uSing the imitation cricket guano v e n eer. I am also seeing some seasonal effec t s on the an ima 1 s. Fungi are affected by shape of the dung, preferring the rat pellet shape. The cricket veneer form is used by early fungal species, but not by higher fungi. The finer consistency dung supported higher densities o f fungi, but the types are the same on both. The fungal species are also identical in both locations. Bacteria generally show the same pattern on all forms and consistencies of dung in both 1 o c a t i on s Page 6 In s unmary, I have shown that nutritional factors are important in the succession, but abiotic factors such as shape, consistency, moisture, and location, can drastically modify it. I have found that fewer abiotic factors affect organisms lower on the phy 1 ogenet i c tree and they become widely distributed. I have also found some interesting biotic interactions, especially between invertebrates and fungi, but I 'll write about those next time. NEWS ITEMS? Send to: Diana Daunt-Mergens 5734-8 Dalton Street Fort Knox, Ky. 40121 Brother Nicholas 7 18 oyer Philadelphia, P A 1q11q

International Speleological Congress July, 1981 Bowling Green,
Kentucky --
George S. Sweeting --
The executive reports --
CRF Karst Research Fellowsihp --
Expedition Reports: Mammoth Cave National Park: February,
March April Guadalupe escarpment area: New Years, February,
March, April Lilburn Cave Summary of Activities --
Upcoming expeditions: Mammoth Cave National Park,
Guadalupe area, Sylamore project, Lilburn Cave --
No pets --
In brief --
Cave-proofing the Coleman Lantern / Frank Reid --
Cave Books --
Dung studies.


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