JULY, 1982 JUDGE ORDERS JOB CORPS OUT, SITE RESTORED TO NATURAL STATE John Lewis Smith, Jr., Judge of the U.S. District Court, District of Columbia on 9 June ordered that the Great Onyx Job Corps Center in Mammoth Cave National Park, KY, atop Flint Ridge, be closed and the site restored to its natural state 120 days later, as the climax of a three-year-old lawsuit. If the Job Corps Center's proposed reloca! : i o n to the Chil dress farm site north of the Green River is funded, the removal must take place prior to 1 October 1983. If the move is not funded, the Center must be vacated by 1 October 1982. Plaintiffs in the case were the National Parks and Conserva tion Association, Cave Research Foundation, and William Bishop. Defendants were the Department of the Interior and the National Park Service. At issue was the defendants' continuing adverse impact on the environment of Mammoth Cave N -ational Park. Evidence cited in the case included sewage pollution of the aquifer and cave, destruction and sale of stalactites, and repeated break-ins at caves and the field research station by Corpsmen. CALLOT BROTHERS NEED HELP TO PHOTOGRAPH MAMMOTH CAVE Yann and F.M. Callot and p a r ty w i 1 1 a r r i v e i n N e w Y o r k o n 6 July to spend until 10 August making photos of Mammoth Cave. They need field assistants. If you can spare one or more weeks, and want to have an enjoyable time helping with their creative photography, please contact Ron Wilson, CRF Area Manager, 165 Thierman Ln #109, Louisville, KY 42765, tel. 502-524-2153. The Callot brothers made many f r i e n d s d u r i n g t h e i r s t ay a' t h e Eighth Congress of Speleology Flint Ridge Field Camp. This is a great opportunity to lea. n about cave photography. CRF PACIFIC OFFICERS The officers for CRF Paci fic's 1982 season follow: area manager personnel field station science safety David Luther Perry Stan 1 ey U 1 f e 1 d t John Tinsley Howard Hurtt
July 1982 CRF PACIFIC THE 1981 SEASON ACCOMPLISHMENTS Last summers activities were among the most prodJctive in recent Lilburn history, even through the Redwood Canyon Road was closed to vehicles and we hiked into the field station. The field station itself sustained a major renovation. In early lvlay we dismantled the old Robinson Cabin and cleared and 1 evel ed the site. Only the stone fireplace was left standing. Before the Memorial Day expedition, the LJlfeldts and Stan LJlfeldts parents constructed the foundation and t h e floor structure. During the we erected the cabin frame, roof beams and plywood walls. Several expeditions were then required to cover the structure with shingles. The cast iron stove was also install e d I n 0 c t o b e r t h e f i r e p 1 a c e hearth and sides were cemented to fit the new cabin. Essentially everyone helped to build this 14 by 20 foot cabin, which has five windows, two doors and a loft, but the Ulfeldts certainly provided the keystone in financial support, planning and effort. The major 1981 science effort was writing and presenting papers at the Eighth Congress of Speleology. Gail McCoy discussed her thesis work on the structure and speleogenesis of Lilburn. John Tinsley presented one paper on sedimentology and one overview o f a 1 1 t h e L i 1 b u rn s c i e n c e w o r k L u t h e r P e r r y e s t a b 1 i s h e d a dy e connectio n b etween Mays Creek and a small stream that enters the stream just below White Rapids. Crews made a solid start on the new cartographic project, a c o 1nplete resurvey that now totals more than 6000 feet. (From the Lilburn Liturgy.) Page 2 MONTHLY BIOLOGY EXPEDITION Each month I lead a biology expedition that usually consists of one fairly long trip and a number of shorter ones. Generally the participants are graduate students--most of whom are from t h e U n i v e r s i ty of L o u i s v i 1 1 e T he last expedition (4-5 was typical. On the first day we spent about eight hours in Mystic River, looking in the river and pools along the Q survey for i so P o d s a n d o t h e r t r o g 1 o b i t e s e usually see all sorts for ani mal s; on that particular day we saw cave fish, crayfish, isopods, amphipods, and flatworms. The following day we went to Shalers Brook and took a census. That afternoon we looked at the caves (and animals in them) in Cedar Sink. Although I realize that the a v e r a g e C R F J V i s not ex a c t l y excited about the idea of spending a couple of days turning over rocks in a cave stream looking for crustaceans, my trips are open to all -JVs. If you are interested write to me for information. I also attend some of the scheduled expeditions; you are welcome on these trips as well. Jerry Lewis College of Arts & Sciences Department of Biology University of Louisville Louisville, KY 40292 A WEEK ON FLINT RIDGE ANYONE? Week long caving expeditions can be a lot of fun and one of the best weather months in MCNP is September. So when you come to the Labor Day Ex p e d i t i on, p 1 an to stay the entire week. All CRF JVs are welcome. For those who have never been to Flint Ridge this is your chance.
July 1982 EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR TESTIFIES BEFORE CONGRESSIONAL COMMITTEE On 4 February Sarah Bishop presented testimony on the external threats to Mammoth Cave National Park to Congressman Seiberlings House Subcommittee on Public Lands and National Parks. Her statement the problems of water borne pollution in the park. "Even minor changes i n the qua 1 i ty or quanti ty of the water that flows under MCNP could adversely affect the unique aquatic life in underground streams and alter cave development." Measures to control the flow of effluents throughout the region are currently under study. The National Park Service is assisting local planning efforts to establish a regional sewage district that will improve the treatment and direct the flow of wastewater away from the park and other caves in the region to the Green River. A second source of water borne pollution is the Green River itself. Wastewater flowing into the river east of the park backfloods into the lower levels of the caves. Aquatic species may be adversely affected by the presence of this effluent. Current sewage treatment plans do not call for tertiary treatment of any wastewaters. However, the Army Corps of Engineers is currently considering the removal of Lock and Dam #6 on the Green River. If this barrier were removed, the river probably would return to its natural free flowing state, and the potential hazard of secondary treated wastewaters would be greatly reduced. Sarah recommended that the Subcommittee take all possible steps to encourage the establishPage 3 ment of a regi9nal sewage disposal plan of the highest quality. If that quality does not exceed secondary treatment of wastewaters prior to discharge into the Green River, she further recommended that the Subcommittee encourage the Army Corps of Engineers to take appropriate steps to remove Lock and Dam #6. As a result of this hearing, Rep. Seiberling has introduced a bill entitled the National Park System Protection Act of 1982. (1) It provides authority for reporting on impacts on. the resources of the parks; (2) authorizes the Department of the Interior to control activities on federal lands adjacent to the parks to guard against degradation of park resources; (3) requires that all uses of parks do not engender adverse impacts; (4) provides for grant assistance to local governments to promote planning that will emphasize park protection for areas adjacent to parks; and (5) requires the NPS to report biyearly on the state of the National Parks. CARTOGRAPHERS DO IT BETTER Cave Research Foundations Poster Map of Mammoth CCI. ve has been accepted for hanging in the STA 100 show, an annual competition fOr graphic design sponsored by the Society of Typographic Arts. Over 1,500 entries were submitted from all over the country, b u t o n 1 y 9 % w e re s e 1 e c ted f o r the show. There will be an ex hi b it i n C hi c a go t h is fa 1 1 a catalog, award certificates, and several traveling shows. Copies of the Poster Map are avai 1 able from Cave Books, P.O. Box 5595, Nashville, TN 37208.
July 1982 WORLD HERITAGE OF MAMMOTH CAVE NATIONAL PARK S a r a h B i s h o p Ex e c u t i v e 0 i r e c to r About 35 JV's, sorne who had not heen in the park for years, participated in various festivities the tHS (National Park Service) had planned for the dedication of MCNP (Mammoth Cave Nationdl Piirk) as a World Heri tage site during the three day 22-24 April. Here are some hiCJl1lights: Nearly 200 runners entered the Great Race of five kilometers and the one mile fun-run. CRF's Beth Elliott and Sarah Bishop each won first place in their age groups. Reth also finished sixth overall among omen runners. Several displays attracted visitors. A large board displayed pictures of early transportation methods of cave visitors. The other side of the case described why is a World Heritage site, with its unique natural features. Gordon Smith's d i s p l a y o f M a rn o t h C a v e e m o r a !)ilia was popular. Ins1de the cave Terry Leitheuser set up some aquariums of blind shrimp. Friday night Stephen Bishop led 385 people along the Historic Route by lantern light. "Ladies, hold the lanterns; children, hold on to your mothers; men, you shift for yourself," he told us at the beginning of the tour. He gave a stirring speech in the Rotunda which encouraged us to brave the unknown and continue the tour. were rewarded at the Methodist Church where Jenny Lind serenaded us and Edwin Booth awed us with his famous rendition of those timeless lines from Ham let "To be or not to be .... At the'head of Echo River the Cave City Barbershop Chorus sang lustily, which a ...,elcoming sound after the dark terrors of Fat Page 4 r1an's Misery. (Many people passed through this narrow area quite in the dark since the lanterns were many t i rn e s fewer than the n u m be r of people on the tour.) The trip was quite a success and no one was lost. Saturday dawned clear and warm--perfect weather for the dedication ceremony which was held under a large tent. Some 300 people attended the dedication which was the highpoint of the weekend. Superintendent Deskins' opening remarks included recognition of the people in the audience who had attended the dedication of the park in 1946. More than t h i r ty 1 o n g -t e r m f r i e n d s of t he park stood for our applause. Superintendent Deskins also mentioned that he has received letters of congratulations from all over the world on the occasion of MCNP becoming a World Heritage site. Congressman Natcher welcomed us and recognized the efforts of the late Judge Robert Coleman to make Cave into a National Park. NPS Director Russell Dickenson delivered the major address. "Science plays a major role in this park," he said as he recounted the CRF connection discovery ten years ago. "We learn something new about this cave every time scientists and explorers complete their mission." Jim Orr of the NPS represented John Celecia, a United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization representa tive who could not attend. He noted that Mammoth Cave was a true wonder of the world, and he thanked the American people for protecting it for the enjoyment of all people. Ellis Jones was thanked for donating some of his memorabilia collection to the park. Sarah Bishop was thanked for bringing
July 1982 the natural features to the attention of UNESCO and for p 1 ay in g a key ro 1 e in causing the park to be added to the World Heritage List. A reception fall owed the ceremonies at the superintendents home. CRF DELEGATION MEETS WITH CAVELAND SANITATION AUTHORITY On the morning of the World Heritage dedication of Mammoth Cave National Park, Roger Brucker, Kip Duchon, and Sarah Bishop of CRF and Bill Lienesch of the National Parks and Conservation Association met with the park staff, the Caveland Sanitation Authority, and some local officials and leaders. The purpose was to bring together those interested in a sewage system for the Mammoth Cave Region. Bill Austin, chairman, and other members of the Author i ty discus-sed the objectives of their project and pointed out some prob-1 ems they were facing. They have a planning grant to design a sewage system for the Cave City/Horse Cave area. When the design is finished and approved, they expect to receive further federal funds to build the system. A major problem in completing the entire regional system is that of tying in Park City and t h e K Y 7 0 h i g h w ay c o r ri d o r C o 1 -lection sewers must be in place before funds may be available for a treatment system. The price tag for both the sewers and the treatment system is so high that local residents believe they must find additional financial assistance. The Members of the author-ity asked for suggestions on sources of funds. Several suggestions were offered primarily Page 5 with the purpose of achieving political support. The community leaders were encouraged to keep their congressional delegation informed of p r o g res s a n d p rob 1 em s. T hey w e r e also urged to seek support from all the appropriate state offices. Though funds are not immediately available from the federal or state level, strong local support must be shown if they are to be forthcoming in the future. Therefore, it was proposed that now is the tir.1e to seek moral and political support, so that fi nanci al support might follow. Another idea raised was the need to look far into the future to be sure that decisions being made now would sti 11 be appropriate over tens of years. Specifically, the location of faci 1 i ties that generate polluted storm runoff waters should be carefully selected to avoid damage to the caves. It was observed that storm runoff and other untreated wastes could be as damaging to the cave ecosystem and development as untreated sewage. The Cave Research Foundation offered to be of further assistance to the park and to the Authority in the development of the solutions to real and potential water pollution problems in the Mammoth Cave Region. CRF EGYPT? J en ny An de r s on, now i n C a i r o has found tombs in the desert and is sending hype postcards to recruit CRFers to come and help her explore them. 11Some are 100 feet deep and have passages radiating from the main shafts ... She says theyre spookier than caves. Jenny would like to hear from friends: Jenny Anderson, Visnews, Box 2040, Cairo, Egypt.
July 19 8 2 MAMMOTH CAVE SPRING EXPEDITION by Gail Forty-seven JVs and future JVs att2nded the Spring Expedi tio n and racke d up a total of tl04.7 5 PHUG. The saga of this e xpedition began in Dayton on Thursday, 1 5 A p r i 1 "' h e n t h e P u m p k i n ( t h e n ot-so-faithful steed of Gail a g n e r e x p e d i t i o n 1 e a d e r ) o v e r -heated afte r ten minutes on the h i g h ' a y A f t e r c o o 1 i n g f o r 4 0 minutes, the Pumpkin limped to a ne arby S e ars where Brooke Lambert ( erstr'lhile car.1p manager) bargained a Budget Rent-a-Car p erson while Sail kept the Pu:n pkin's engine idling. The negotiations w ere successful, and after the lugga ge was transferred, they on their way t o F 1 i n t R i d g e T h e y e r e a ril a z e d at the nurilber of honks and waves the y receive d while riding in a car with cruise control, and conclude d that the Pumpkin r'las ob viou::;ly nev e r in that class. They StJent all day Friday stocking kitche n and cave food supplie s and opening camp. This ..: a s o n e t i rn e t h a t t h e c a v 2 f o o d supply cupboard was bare not o v e n any carbide! Thanks to :Jiana the carbide proble:11 w a s t e p o r a r i 1 y r e ril 2 d i e d. J J s t afte r dusk, the copper pipe to the tic k e t offic e sink bur::;t and c r eated momentary excitement: TAG and R3Z late r contrived to supply to the Eight parties were fielded on Saturday Kathlee n Dickerson's party ( K P ettit, K Hogan, G. Hood) finishe d all leads in a section o f ::;ante r A v enue and brought back 232.2 fee t of new s u r v e y 0 n e 1 e a d i t h g o o d a i r flow still go e s but r e'luir2s s mall cavers. Jiana :=:rnerson's party (F. Page 6 Reid, T. Alfred, B. Schuman) surveyed a total of 616.9 feet in four short passages off Gorin's Dome. Diana Miller's party (R. B. Elliott, D. Blankenship) surveyed 579.1 feet in two leads off Gorin's Dome, one of which connects to a series of vertical shafts that remain to be fully surveyed. R o g e r c C 1 u r e s p a r t y ( J Pettit, D, Cahall) did not survey but did a good job of eli mi nati ng many of the leads in the Lower Nickerson R-6 area. G e r r y E s t e s p a r t y ( J 1 o r -ris, L. Goatley) to the Lower i c k e r s o n W -1 0 a r e a s u r v e y e d 1 9 3 5 feet in two leads. LaJuana lassoed a rock and Jon climbed the rope and nearly regretted it. Roger Brucker's party (G. Glasser, P. Basted) to Cocklebur surveyed to the bitter end of a lead that had bat guano in it then continued the infamous X survey and found--two sets of shoed footprints, coming and going. Brucker calls this "a very hot lead!" They brought back 583 feet of survey. i..ynn Weller challenged a p a r ty ( 8. E s t e s C. 'vl e e d 10 an i4 l3anther) to the infamous Proctor crawl and brought them back, tired but successful. No survey. T o m G r a c a n i n s p a r ty w e n t to Lee Cave, took pictures, and geologized. Nine subadults and eight adults remained on the surface. 1 1 i c h a e 1 M e r g e n s a n d R i c h a r d Z o p f led various activities for the enjoyment of all, including trips to Cathedral Cave, FCCC, and Great Onyx Cave. Many thanks to Brooke Lambert, camp manager, for excellent meals and good company. Because the cruise control Budget Rent-a Car had to be back at Sears by 5:30 pm, this was one of the fastest camp clean-ups ever.
July 1982 MEMORIAL DAY EXPEDITION AT MAMMOTH CAVE by John Branstetter The Memo r i a 1 Day ex p e d i t i on began with the discovery of a break-in at the Field Station. The culprits broke the front door window, kicked in the door, and smashed the door trim. Several windows were broken and the fire extinguishers were sprayed all over the floors. We cleaned up the deep white powder, shipped it to a ritzy ski resort in Colorado in return for a season lift tick-et (the Cave C i ty Mammoth S 1 i de was not interested.) Thirty-one adults and eight children attended. Seven parties entered the cave on Saturday. Gerry Estes, who has been working on Lower Nickerson Avenue leads for six expeditions, came prepared with a list of work to accomplish. This is helpful to us expedition leaders with short lead lists. Ellen Levy and Tom Alfred checked several leads and surveyed 237 feet. Tom Brucker's party brought back 1000 feet of survey from Colossal Cave. Diana Miller's parties continue to find virgin cave around Gorin's Dome. They surveyed 400 feet and found new leads. Tom Gracanin's party s u r v eyed new p as sa g e w ay f o u n d i n New Discovery last trip, and found promising digs. Beth Estes led her first survey party and brought back about 100 feet from Bransford East; the lead cant i n u e s. R o g e r B r u c k e r s p a r ty finished off the 11footprints11 in the Cocklebur X survey; the passage ends in rimstone dams with five inches of air. Ron Wilson's party showed Tom O'Neill, aNational Geographic writer, around the cave system. On Sunday Diana Miller brought back 438 feet of survey from leads discovered the day Page 7 before. Gerry Estes brought back 110 feet of survey from Lower Nickerson. Tom Alfred led his f i r s t party i n to a Gorin s Dome 1 ead; they continued a small, wet lead with air that was reported in 1975. Tom O'Neill soaked himself on this 12 hour trip and loved every minute of it. Tom Brucker's party found many 1 e ads in Lower s a 1 t s R i chard z 0 p f I s p a r t y sorted out some Fox Avenue confusion, and Tom Gracanin led a ridge walking trip. Many thanks to my wife, Susan, for being camp manager, and to all hands for pitching in. OCTOBER CRF NEWSLETTER DEADLINE Send materials by 12 Septem ber to the Editor, Lynn Weller, 229 Orville St. #7, Fairborn, OH 45324, 513-879-4531. I would really like to get some expedition reports from CRF West and CRF Arkansas. Thanks to the CRF Pacific folks for their inputs. Thanks for editing assistance for this months newsletter to Scooter Hildebolt and Roger Brucker. RED WRITES THE RUNNER The Runner (Lakemont, GA: c o P P re-na use""Eo a k s 1 9 8 2 1 4 8 P P $8.95), by Richard is the story of a man who takes up running in his middle years. Red Watson has donated copies of The Runner to CRF and promises not--"to g1 ve a copy to anyone connected with caving. Thus, your purchase of The Runner will constitute a contr1butlon-Of about eight dollars to CRF. The Runner is available from Cave P.O. Box 5595, ville, TN 37208. $8.50 postpaid.
July 1982 KARST FIELD STUDIES The Center for Cave and Karst Studies, Western Kentucky U n i v e r s i t y a n d a m m o t h C a v e N a -tional Park are sponsoring the t h i r d s e a s o n o f o n e w e e k s u m 111 e r courses at Visiting professors include Roger Brucker (Speleology), Arthur Palmer ( K a r s t G e o l o g y ) io/ i l l i a 1n W il i t e (Kars t Geomorphology), Patty Jo Watson (Cave Archaeology), and Tim C. Atkinson (Karst Hydro-logy). The series runs from 30 i 1 a y t h r o u g 11 2 6 ,J u n e N i c h o 1 a s Crawford directs the series. NEWSLETTER Did you know this newsletter contains exactly 3,693 words, of which 1,271 are unique? A mar v e l o u s s pel l i n g check i n g pro g r a 1n dlso counts words. Cav e Research Foundation 830 Xenia Ave., P.O. Box 443 Yellow Springs, QH 45387 ADDRESS CORRECTION REQUESTED Page 8 1982 MCNP FIELD SCHEDULE Summer Expedition R. Wilson 14-15 August Labor Day K Dickerson 4-6 September Autumn Expedition L. Weller 7-12 Septe111ber Columbus Day R. Zopf 9-11 October Thanksgiving D. Miller 25-28 November ARKANSAS FIELD SCHEDULES Buffalo River August 14-15 Paul Blare Sylamore June 26-27 Paul Blare July 24-25 Tom Brucker NOTE: Arkansas dates may change because of weather. Do not come unless you have contacted the expedition leader. Bring your wet suit to the Sylamore expeditions; Rowland Cave trips require one when weather permits. Non-Profit Organization U.S. Postage PAID Yellow Springs, OH Permit 160 Brother Nicholas Sullivan 7018 Boyer St Philadelphia, PA 19119
Contents: Judge orders
Job Corps out, site restored to natural state --
Callot brothers need help to photograph Mammoth Cave --
CRF Pacific officers --
CRF Pacific the 1981 season accomplishments --
Monthly biology expedition / Jerry Lewis --
A week on Flint Ridge anyone? --
Executive director testifies before congressional
Cartographers do it better --
World Heritage dedication of Mammoth Cave National Park /
Sarah Bishop, executive director --
CRF delegation meets with Caveland sanitation authority
CRF Egypt? --
Mammoth Cave Spring expedition / Gail Wagner --
Memorial Day expedition at Mammoth Cave / John
October CRF newsletter deadline --
Red writes The Runner --
Karst field studies --
Computerized newsletter --
1982 MCNP field schedule --
Arkansas field schedules.