AUGUST 1983 CRF 1983 ANNUAL MEETING NOV. 19 CRF s annual members meeting will be held on Saturday, November 19 at 1:00 p.m. in Louisville, KY. All members, joint venturers, and friends are invited. Mark your calendar now, and watch the October issue for further details. During the CRF Board of Directors meeting on Saturday morning, there will be general sessions. The theme of the weekend will be "The Next 25 Years; Op portunities and Objectives". "If you have ideas for longterm or short term projects that CRF should take on, please send them to me or to any Board member," said CRF President Sarah Bishop. AUGUST EXPEDITION TO BE AT MAMMOTH CAVE Tom Brucker reports that he will lead the 14 August expedition at Mammoth Cave, and not at Sylamore in Arkansas. Call Tom at 615-269-3921 if you plan to attend. VOLUME 11, NUMBER 3 RESCUE SEMINAR AT MAMMOTH CAVE by Beth Elliott Sixty participants of the 1983 National Cave Rescue Seminar spent 18 -25 June at CRF1s field station at Mammoth Cave National Park, taking intensive training in underground medical care, search, communications, patient evacuation, and stretcher handling. A final field problem was the mock rescue on Friday. Three cavers were reported overdue from the Woodson-Adair entrance to Colossal Cave. The team found one "victim" with severe head injuries at the top of Colossal Dome. Two others were found in a side passage, one with hypothermia and one with a broken leg. All the patients were treated and evacuated in a smoothly run operation. Many worked to make the Se minar a success: Thanks goes to Claire Wood who fed over 50 three meals a day for seven days. The National Park Service furnished water and other logistics. Roger Brucker gave a presentation of "Trapped 1" in the Snowba 11 Dining Room. Many participants thanked CRF for making the facilities available and helping out. Despite the success, one member warned, "When you ponder a dubious handhold, be careful because cave rescue is the pits.
August 1983 CRF NEWSLETTER (Established in Vol. ll, No. 3 1973) Editor: Lynn w. Brucker 21 Murray Hill Drive Dayton, OH 45403 Quarterly: Feb., May, Aug, Nov. Deadline for submitting material: three weeks before the first of the issue month. Circulated gratis to CRF Joint Venturers; non-member subscriptions $4.00 per year. The CRF NEWSLETTER is a publication of the Cave Research Foundation, a non-profit organization incorporated in 1957 under the laws of Kentucky for the purpose of furthering research, conservation, and education about caves and karst. For information about the Cave Research Foundation, write to: Dr. Sarah G. Bishop, CRF President, 4916 Butterworth Place N.W., Washington, DC 20016. CAVE NOTES FROM ALL OVER by Jack Freeman The latest issue of the Washington & Lee University Alumni Magazine lists this note on a class of 1979 alumnus: o. LEE CAVE received his law degree from the University of Kentucky in May 1982. He is an associate in the law office of F. Preston Farmer in London, Ky. I sent him a reprint of the 1973 NSS Bulletin article on Lee Cave and urged him to buy a Lee Cave map. Page 2 VERTICAL PROFILES IN CARLSBAD Bill Wilson has begun a project to map vertical profiles through the main passages and rooms of Carlsbad Caverns. Since November last year, 3, 300 feet have been profiled. Two profiles are oriented east-west through the New Mexico and Guadalupe Rooms on the north side of the cave. Bi 11 is now working on another east-west profile from Mystery Room on the west, through the Scenic Rooms and up the Main Corridor toward the entrance. He reports that "the vertical relief is astonishing, considering that vertical shafts are absent." Carlsbad is the fifth deepest cave in the U.S.A., with a difference of 1,037 feet between the main entrance and Lake of the Clouds. Main Corridor ceilings soar to 245 feet above the floor. More than 650 feet of relief are expected when the Mystery Room-Main Corridor profile is completed. Carlsbad Caverns mapping in plan view is very difficult in some areas because overlapping multiple passages form a confusing jumble of lines. Vertical profiles are expected to depict the cave's third dimension more clearly. They may help in reconstructing the developmental history of the cave when integrated with data from stratigraphy, solution features, breakdown modifications, and secondary massive gypsum deposits. Much of the remaining work lies along trails and requires evening work to avoid disturbing visitors. Bill reports that the evening profile trips are a "pleasant change of pace" during expeditions where the primary objective is mapping undeveloped areas of the caverns. (Sounds like the Flint Ridge con. --Ed.)
August 1983 During the 20-21 August trip the profile will be extended from Devil's Den to the main entrance. MAMMOTH CAVE MEMORIAL DAY EXPEDITION Pete Lindsley was to have led this expedition, but puppies and a move to a new house kept him in Texas. Ron Wilson filled in, and his expedition chalked up two major discoveries of the kind found only once every few years. Illinois Avenue was discovered off Turner Avenue by careful probing of breakdown. This major piracy --or tributary --extends southward some 2000 feet into the heart of a big blank section of Flint Ridge. In the much-traveled and multi-level S survey of lower Salts, yet another party attempted to sort out yet another section. Careful rock reading encourage this team to probe upward in breakdown at a level similar to Salts trunk and indeed revealed some 900 feet of virgin Salts trunk. F1ve other survey parties did clean up work with less spectacular results. A second lower Salts team learned the middle reaches of the E survey. Further work was done in the Ferguson Entrance area, Jessup Avenue, Emmett's Ramble and at Albert's Domes. Reconnaissance parties to Hickory Flats Cave eliminated the high lead there, and one to Kentucky Avenue established that more careful analysis of the passage levels is needed. It was also noted that work has begun on rebuilding the New Entrance. Page 3 NEXT CRF NEWSLETTER Deadline for the next CRF Newsletter will be September 15. Please send news to: CRF Newsletter 21 Murray Hill Dr. Dayton, OH 45403 The Christmas Tree in Christmas Tree Cave, Slaughter Canyon, Carlsbad Caverns National Park is an ink sketch by Bill Wilson.
August 1983 JULY EXPEDITION AT MAMMOTH Before the first caver arrived, the field station had been opened by a wily raccoon. He and a companion were subsequently humanely trapped and taken for long rides to other parts of the park. Eight parties were fielded both Saturday and Sunday. And an open house was held for area cavers and friends on the 4th of July. Old leads were rediscovered and surveyed in Upper Salts. Illinois Avenue was extended to a total of more than a mile, and was connected to upstream Grund Trail just south of the awesome traverse. Lucy's Dome drain was extended, accompanied by clean-up trips in Emily's Puzzle and in historic Mammoth. Geologic studies were carried on in Turner Avenue and at the Ferguson Entrance to Mammoth Cave. Several trips expanded the routes around Albert's Dome. A connection was found in lower level Salts Cave between the H and F surveys near Dismal Valley. During the week many trips were taken to Prewitt's Knob in support of Valerie Haskins's archaeological project. Teams found the source of the chert used by the aborigines, and explored and surveyed all known caves on the knob. None were large, and no leads were found. On Sunday, Expedition Leader Richard Zopf was told his home in Yellow Springs was on fire. Calls every few minutes told of smoke damage, and losses including Gail Wagner's cat. The Zopfs returned home, and Walter Lipton took over as leader. CRF President Sarah Bishop greeted visitors at the open house, and the CRF computerplotter spewed out maps at various scales as entertainment. Much more went on, but it will be saved for the next issue. Page 4 THE PALEONTOLOGIST "It's a fragment of femur of a female bactrian camel." the right arthritic PACKS AVAILABLE A favorite cave pack is the war surplus "signal bag" or "radio bag", which is now hard to find. Actually the bag was designed in World War I for a gas mask, and made early in WW II for that same gas mask, but never used for that purpose. A surplus store in Cincinnati, G.I.J. Surplus at the corner of 12th St. and Race St., has "plenty" of these bags at $5.00, plus $1.50 for the shoulder strap. A highly refined, sturdier pack of the same general rectangular shape is made by Lost Creek Packs, 4036 N. Brentwood Dr., Indianapolis, IN 46236. A catalog is available on request. Lost Creek's Flint Ridge pack is the same size as the old signal bag, but there is a CRF version available without metal fittings to affect the compass.
August 1983 JUNE EXPEDITION IN ARKANSAS by Doug Baker Eleven CRF joint venturers attended this expedition to the sylamore Forest district of the ozark National Forest. Three teams brought back close to 1,700 feet of survey. on Friday night Tom Brucker, Tim Shaftstall, Scott House, Jennifer Brand, and I located Shipman's Shaft. We also attempted to survey Buck Pond Cave, a 40foot cavelet, but we were stopped by a buzzard nest near the entrance. Three parties went out on Saturday. Gary Schaecher, Melody Beiler, Tim Shaftstall, and Walter Muir surveyed about 1000 feet in Deadman's Cave. Scott House, George Bilbrey, Betty Sherrell, and Jennifer Brand surveyed 350 feet in beautiful little Ramey Cave. Tom Brucker, Jim Sherrell, and I made a vain attempt to fined Stewarts Fork.Cave before moving on to finish the survey of Herald Hollow Cave. The latter yielded 379 feet of new survey. Page 5 A GNAWING SUSPICION OF DISASTER by Roger w. Brucker When Tom Alfred's party returned from Lee Cave in Mammoth Cave National Park, presented the expedition leader with a grim exhibit: a 120 foot Bluewater rope chewed almost in two. The party had rigged the Lee Cave entrance pit as had dozens of parties before. They bent a tensionless rig around an eightinch tree, and set off for 12 hours of searching for a big passage that "must be there". They didn't find the passage, but they did find what to try on the next trip. On the way out, they found the shock of a lifetime. As the last person climbed over the lip and removed his Jumars, he stared in disbelief at the rope. It had been gnawed, apparently by an animal, and nearly severed at the rig's critical point. He looked into the forest, half expecting to see eyes watching, as the others examined the evidence. What if the rope had been severed and dropped to the bottom? Or what if it had parted with one of the three climbers on it? The iron law is that if a party is four hours overdue, the expedition leader begins the emergency preparation. If eight hours elapse, a rescue is started and a party dispatched to the cave. This means that the Lee Cave rope episode could have ended in a simple rescue eight hours later, or a possible emergency evacuation of an injured caver. Two observations can be made: 1. Always plan your rig to minimize the possibility of an animal chewing the rope. 2. Setting return times and enforcing an overstay policy is a prudent backup to party safety.
August 1983 CRF MAMMOTH CAVE FIELD SCHEDULE Please tell Ron Wilson, the Operations Manager, 502-985-0163, or the Expedition Leader if you plan to attend, two weeks before the expedition. Summer 13-14 Aug. Labor Day 3-5 Sept. Columbus Day 8-10 Oct. Annual Meeting Tom Brucker 615-269-3921 Lynn Brucker 513-258-1644 Pete Crecelius 317-286-3147 19 Nov. Louisville Thanksgiving Ron Wilson 502-985-0163 Diana Miller 502-937-3353 24-27 Nov. Cave Research Foundation P.O. Box 443 Yellow Springs, 45387 ADDRESS CORRECTION REQUESTED Page 6 GUADALUPE FIELD SCHEDULE Contact Linda Starr, 505-8732 703, or the Expedition Leader at least one week prior to the expedition. Carlsbad-Guadalupe Room Aug. 20-21 Rich Wolfert Backcountry Cave-Guadalupe Oct. 8-10 Ron Bridgemon Carlsbad Caverns Nov. 24-27 Doug Rhodes Non-Profit Organization u.s. Postage PAID Yellow Springs, OH Permit 160 Brother Nicholas Sullivan 7018 Boyer St Philadelphia, PA 19119
Contents: CRF 1983
annual meeting Nov. 19 --
August expedition to be at Mammoth Cave --
Rescue seminar at Mammoth Cave / Beth Elliott --
Cave notes from all over / Jack Freeman --
Vertical profiles in Carlsbad --
Mammoth Cave Memorial Day expedition --
Next CRF newsletter --
July expedition at Mammoth --
Packs available --
June expedition in Arkansas / Doug Baker --
A gnawing suspicion of disaster / Roger W. Burcker --
CRF Mammoth Cave field schedule --
Guadalupe field schedule.