Cave Research Foundation newsletter

Cave Research Foundation newsletter

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Cave Research Foundation newsletter
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Cave Research Foundation newsletter
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CRF newsletter
Cave Research Foundation
Cave Research Foundation
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Featured Articles: Message from the Editor -- Submit an Article, Win Some Gear -- Digital Cameras for Cave Photography -- An Update on the Kentucky TriModal Transpark --The Great Crack -- Daily Fees to Rise at Hamilton Valley -- Beyond Mammoth Cave Book Review -- Lava Research Center Fundraising A Sucess --Hamilton Valley Donations -- Regional Expedition Reports -- 2001 Expedition Calender.
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Vol. 29, no. 3 (2001)
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CRF NEWSLETTER Volume 29, No.3 established 1973 Paul Nelson, Editor 2644 Quarry Lane #D Walnut, CA 91789-2864 Phone: 909-869-7623 The CRF Newsletter is a quarterly publication of the Cave Research Foundation, a non-profit organization incorporat ed in 1957 under the laws of Kentucky for the purpose of furthering research, conservation, and education about caves and karst. 2 Newsletter Submissions & Deadlines : Original articles and photographs are welcomed If intending to jointly submit material to another publication, please inform the CRF edi tor Publication cannot be guaranteed, especially if submitted elsewhere All material is subject to editorial revision unless the author specifically requests otherwise. To assure timely publication, please adhere to the follow ing deadlines : March issue by January 1 June issue by April 1 September issue by July 1 December issue by October 1 Before submitting material, please see publication guidelines at: www I Cave Research Foundation Cave Research Foundation Board of Directors Pat Kambesis President Peter Bosted Secretary Phil DiBlasi Personnel Officer Rick Toomey Fellowship/Grants Subchair Chuck Pease International Exploration Chairman Richard Maxey Mick Sutton Officers Paul Cannaley Treasurer Operations Council Barbe Barker (Guadalupes) Scott House (Ozarks) Janet Sowers (Lava Beds) John Tinsley (Sequioa/Kings Canyon) Dave West (Eastern) Elizabeth Winkler (Hamilton Valley) For infornlation about the CRF contact: Pat Kambesis CRF President P O Box 343 Wenona ,UL 61377 309-762-3860 Message From The Editor A week after I had written my previous editorial and submitted the newsletter for printing, Bob Hoke volunteered to distribute the newsletter on a long term basis. The problems I mentioned in my last editorial have been resolved, so I will be continuing as Editor. Lets give Bob many thanks for this very important but umecognized job. I also want to recognize Howard Hurtt for performing proofreading duties on a moments notice and Richard Maxey for sending out the last newsletter. Fullerton College Printing Department is on break over the summer, so this issue is being printed elsewhere and in black and white. Color should return in the next issue printed on a brand new two color press! The quality should be much better, and more consistent. To facilitate printing at the college I am moving the issue dates forward by one month. The next issue will be December, instead of November Lastly, to encourage people to submit material for the newsletter you can be entered into a raffle to win some gear! Photos and artwork are highly recommended to accompany your article. Paul Nelson CRF's website is : Contact your operations manager for the user id and pass word for the members only section Correction In the last issue, on page 2, the photo credit listed only Peter Bosted. It should have read Peter and Ann Bosted. Thank you Peter and Ann for submitting your photos. About the Covers Front: Karen Lindsley in Crystal Passage, Fitton Cave. Nikon 35 mm, f2.8 with press 25 bulbs. By Pete Lindsley Back: Left, Helectite in Dw yers Cave. Right, Helectite in Lost Soldier's Cave. By Anonymous CRF NEWSLETIER


Featured Articles Page Message from the Editor .............. ... 2 Submit an Article, Win Some Gear .............. 3 Digital Cameras for Cave Photography .......... 4 An Update on the Kentucky TriModal Transpark .... 7 The Great Crack ........................... 9 Daily Fees to Rise at Hamilton Valley ........... 10 Beyond Mammoth Cave Book Review ........... 11 Lava Research Center Fundraising A Sucess ..... 12 Hamilton Valley Donations .................... 12 Regional Expedition Reports . ...... 13 2001 Expedition Calender .................... 23 Submit an Article, Win Some Gear Would you like a chance to win some caving gear!? All you have to do is submit a featured article, cover photographs, drawings, or cartoons for the newsletter. There will be a drawin g each quarter for a prize, and then a grand prize at the end of the year! The more you submit the better your chances to win! Next Quarter's Prize A personal gear bag donated by Gonzo Guano Gear. Thank you Becky! Grand Prize I am still working on donations, but it will be at least $100 in value, could be some rope packs, cave light etc. Its going to be a great prize, so start writing! The Rules o Articles, photographs, or artwork must be original work written by the person submitting the material. o An article or cover photograph gets one entry into the drawing. To encourage pictures or diagrams with articles, those entries will receive two entries into the drawing ; that doubles your chances to win o Submissions must be previously unpublished and submitted by the publication deadline. Articles must have at least 1000 words. They must be po s tm a rked or received via e-mail by the public a tion deadline. o Both articles and expedition reports are eligible for the quarterly prize. Only articles are eligible for the grand prize MAY 2001 o Expedition reports do not qualify for the grand prize but will be cligible for the quarterly drawing (Hey you are suppose to write those anyway ) To be eligible for the quarterly drawing the expedition report must be submitted on time! Below are the deadlines for expedition reports to be eligible : Expeditions Deadline Issue Jul Aug Sep October 1 December Oct Nov Dec January I March Jan, Feb Mar April 1 June Apr, May Jun July 1 September o Only items that are actually print e d in the new s letter are eligible for the drawing. o Prizes may be substituted with something else, or even c a nceled s hould the promised don a tion become unavailable. D ec ision s by the Editor are final. Persons who submitted material for the previous issue s thi s year will be entered into the drawing for the grand prize If anyone i s intere s ted in donating an item for the quarterly drawing or grand prize plea se contact me at 909869-7623 or acknowledgment of your organization as the s ponsor of the prize is printed in the new s letter It s free advertising and shows corporate goodwill to the ca ving community 3


Digital Cameras for Cave Photography by Pete Lindsley with contributions by Paul Nelson Introduction r admit r am a gadget freak and just had to try the new digital camera t ech nology in a cave. I have been taking photos in caves for about 40 years and I want to share with you some information on digital cameras. As digital cameras become more popular and offer improved capabilities, cavers will be interested in trying this new technology in caves. This article discusses the features of digital formats and to help you decide which camera is right for you The digital camera is essentia lly a sophisticated point-and-shoot camera. In a cave our main problem is lighting the subject and we will see that a good slave unit is almost a requirement for digital flash photography. The primary advantage of a digital camera is instant gratification of the image via the screen on the camera, and ease of digital publishing Choosing a Digital Camera First of all, what kind of photography do you plan and where a r e you caving? Most CRF trips are survey trips and there's not much time or room for photography. Whether you are going to Southern Comfort in Lilburn or the back of Fitton or Powder Mill or the Guadalupe Room, heading into the Proctor craw l towards Hawkin's River, or making a cross-over trip between Roppel Cave and someplace else, small is good! If you are headed to Mexico or China, batteries and computer storage s h ould be a major consideration The major decision is what kind of photography do you plan on taking, and the corresponding resolution that is required. I f you want to publish your photo in a newsletter or print a n 8 by 10 print for a photo salon, then you will need a camera with a minimum resolution of at least 2 1 megapixels (MP). There are many good cameras in this category and prices range from about $300 to $650, with the prices still significant l y dropping as new technology comes available If you are taking pictures for the web or 5 by 7 photos, or smaller, then you can choose a camera with l ess than 2.1 MP Digital cameras can be classified into the following categor i es: 4 Automatic Point and Shoot: These are similar to the 35 mm point and shoot camera and can be very small. They have automatic focus and exposure, and small flash on the camera Many have zoom lenses. There are no manual focus settings, and n o connector to an external flash. Additiona l lens options are not available Examples are the Olympus 490 Kodak DC4800, etc Compact: These cameras have the automatic features of the point and shoot, but also include manual settings for focus, exposure and white balance to give control over exposure. Most have a zoom l ens. In addition to an int erna l flash they have a connector for an externa l flash. Some are programmable with bracketing capabilities. Many can accept wide ang l e or telephoto adapter lenses that attach to the built-in lens. They are a little larger than the point and shoots. Examples are the Olympus Camedia 3040 and Nikon Coolpix 990. SLR: These are the high-end professional cameras with interchangeable len ses. They are much larger and expensive than the compact cameras. Since this article focuses on cameras for caving, this only mentioned as a reference. There are a lot of features you should research and consider as you make your choice Of course nothing beats hands-on testing in either the camera s tore or at a friend's house if you know someone that already ha s a digital camera. A camera with 2.1 MP is my suggested minimum size to consider in 200 I, unless your budget is low and all you need is medium quality web presentation or low quality newsletter pictures. Important Considerations and Unique Features Some of the important considerations for a digital camera include: Computer interface (serial port, USB, or other) How close will it focus? What resolutions are offered? External flash connections Extra RAM memory cards Accessory lenses Manual exposure and focus settings Type of batteries, and can you buy them at the local store near your cave. As you will see, the choice of a digital camera is not as simple as the choice of a conventional photographic film "point and-shoot" or a single lens reflex ( SLR ) camera. The digital nature of the hardware offers the potential of many options and requires the user to understand not only the computer interface, but the software and the printing c haracteri stics as well. Most digital cameras will have an auto focus lens, so focusing in a dark cave is usually not an issue. The references at the end of the article provide a starting place for your search and can help differentiate between similar choices. You should buy a camera with a color LCD screen that can be used to review your results immediately after the shot. This is one of the great advantages of using a digital camera. Although many of these displays are very difficult to view in daylight this is not a problem in a cave. (Since the LCD screens use a lot of power, you sho uld plan to buy two sets of NIMH high capacity rechargeable batteries if they are available for your camera.) The more expensive cameras will even let you zoom in on the picture you just took and check for color and sharpness. CRF NEWSLETIER


Storage Media & Computer Interface The storage and interface categories are unique to digital cameras, and you need to understand these options. If the digital camera is your first purchase offering digital storage on a card, the type of memory may not be important. Mo s t cameras come with a card with a minimal (8 mb) amount of storage. You should consider buying at the time of purcha se a larger storage car d s u ch as 64, or 128 mb. If you already have a RAM storage card in the CompactFlash format, for instance, then yo u may want to reuse your existing s torage for your new digital camera. If your computer is so old that it doesn t support a USB interface (Windows NT doe s n t for instance) then you may be stuck with the older, slower seria l interface Most cameras come with a specia l cable for downloading directly to your computer. USB offers the fastest downloads, while the ser ial interface is slowe r If you h ave a choice, purchase the "fast" USB format RAM which affects both the time for exposure, downloading and card erasing Examples of Cameras Under $1000 The table below compares a few of over a hundred digital ca m eras on the market. (The June 2001 issue of Petersen 's Photographic magazine h as a good comparison article on Digital Camera Buyer' s Guide.) I listed the Nikon CoolPix becau se I have first h and experience with it and as a high end camera it doe s j u s t about everything. It has a unique swivel he a d that really facilitates taking photos from difficult or unusual ang l es. It will provide almost the sa me level of adjustment and manual control and exposure se l ection you enjoy with a high-end film camera. The o l der Cool Pix model 9S0 (2.1 MP) ha s a s treet price now of around $SOO, h alf the introductor y price The prices of other cameras in the list below have also dropped by the time you read thi s You should plan to shop around for the be s t price If you can t afford your favorite try waiting 6 to 8 months I lis ted severa l of the Canon digital ELPH cameras becau se of their small size and wide availability. (I am l ooking forward to trying one of these cameras soo n ) The l ow cost Largan 3S0 reveals that it i s an examp l e of a very low-end camera, witho ut a LCD screen, at $39. A lth ough experimental pictures in a cave indicated that it can give acceptab l e pictures for low resolution requirements it 's lack of a viewing screen, and non-standard battery would take it off my recommended list for a cave camera. Accessories Although dig ital cameras of the point and shoot style do not offer accessory lenses they are availab l e for so me higher end models. Fortunately mo s t digital cameras have zoom lenses that are quite adeq u ate for most cave photography Many offer either 2X or 3X optical zoom ratios and some offer an additional digital enlargement (at somewhat les s quality). If you are really intere ste d in telephoto lenses you should take a look at the Sony DSC -FSOSV, which is a very good telephoto l ens wit h a digital camera attached. If you are really interested in wide angle l enses (that is, wider than the Camera Model Manual Res I Storage** Max Interface Size (in) Street Website Control LCD* Pixels Price Canon PowerS hot S10 N 2 1 MP CF I & II 1620x1220 USB, 4 .1x2.7x1.3 700 1 5 in Serial Canon PowerShot S20 N 3 .34 MP CF I & II 204Bx1536 USB, 4 1 x2. 7x1. 3 900 1.8 in Serial Canon Power S hot G 1 Y 3.34 MP CF I & II 204Bx1536 USB, 4.7x3x2 5 900 1 B in Serial Casio QV-3EX Y 3.34 MP CF I & II 204Bx1536 USB, 4 .5x2.4x1. 3 BOO 1 B in Mi Serial Epson PhotoPC 3100Z Y 3.34 MP CF 204Bx1536 USB, 4.4x3.5x2. 6 BOO 1 B in Serial HP PhotoSmart 315 N 2 1 MP CFI 1600x1200 USB,IR 5 .0x2.7x1.3 300 1 B in Kodak OC4BOO Zoom Y 3 3 MP CF 2160x1440 USB 4 .7x2.6x2. B 500 1 B in Largan Lmini 350 N See text Internal 640x4BO Serial 4.4x2.5x1. 3 39 2 MB Nikon Cool Pix 990 Y 3.34 MP CF 204Bx1536 USB, 5 .9x3. 1 x1. 5 BOO www. 1 B in Serial Olympus Camedia C-3040 Y 3 .34 MP SM 204Bx1536 USB, 4 3x3.0x2.7 700 1 B in Serial Olympus 0-490 Zoom N 2.11 MP SM 1600x1200 USB, 5 .0x2. 6x2.1 500 1 B i n Serial Sony OSC-F505V N 3 .34 MP MS 1B56x1392 USB 4 .3x2.5x5.4 900 2 0 in Sony OSC-S75 Y 3 .34 MP MS 204Bx1536 USB 4.9x2x2. 6 700 1 B in 'MP = Megapixel "CF = Compact Flash, type I or II MS = Memory Stick SM = Smart Media Mi = IBM 340mb microdrive MAY 2001 5


s tandard zoom len s), sc rew-on accessory lenses are available. For instance the Nikon CoolPix offers both a fisheye and a wide angle len s that are custom engineered for the camera However accessory len ses can block the built-in s trobe or even disa ble the stro be completely. There are also third party accessory len ses available but I have found them to be le ss than s harp at the edges of the picture, so try before you buy an unknown lens. Digita l cameras can easily make panorama s that can be dis played in a web p age format, providing up to 360 degree views. I can recall see ing Rick Toomey 's Quick Time Virtual Reality (QTV R ) computer view of a paleontology site inside M a mmoth Cave severa l years ago, at which time it required Macintosh software. Now there are numerou s web s ite s that have expanded o n that QTVR technology and many of the results are now viewable cross-platform. If you pla n on taking 360 degree panorama pictures you should consider a special trip o d mount that rotate s the camera about the front lens e lement and u s ually provides azimuth indexing Ju st lik e most other cameras, digital cameras don t like dirt rocks or water. But s ince caves are holes in rock filled with dirt a nd water you need protection. I got tired of carrying myoid 50 caliber a mmo can and got one of the new plastic b oxes. Take a look a t the URL' s lis ted if you are in the market for a new box. It need s to hold both the camera and fla s h units. The Pelican brand i s one of the mo s t versatile and offers a l arge se le ct i on of s i ze and color. Picture Taking Tips: Get a Flash Slave! One characteristic of mo st digital cameras used for cave phot og raphy is that they only h ave a small on-camera fla s h and n o B or T s hutter sett ing or a cable relea se to keep the l e n s open. In a ddition, the little flash on the camera doesn t hav e the power to light up a large room, and is a poor lighting angle reflecting any mi st in the air. For really good cave lig hting ( i .e. side a nd b ac k lighting ) you need to have additional fla s h unit s, and s l ave unit s to sync them The oncamera flas h triggers the other flashes I can strongly recommend the very se n s itive FireFly s lave units. The hot s hoe FireFly is the best model to order but you can also get a PC connector version for the older flash bulb sy nc cords. A word to the wise : clean up your corroded flash gun and c h ec k yo ur connections before you drag yo ur eq uipm e nt into a cave When you are s l av ing all the lig ht for a cave pic tur e you can t wait while your helper m esses aro und with l oose wires Some cam e r as u se a pr e -fla s h for focus or exposure set tin gs, which is inco mpatible with se n si tive s l aves s uch as the firefly b eca u se it triggers the flas h pre-m at urely (For the sa m e r easo n do not u se r ed-eye redu c tion mod es.) Te st your camera c h oice t o see if it will pre-maturely trigger your flash s l aves. I h ave h eard but n o t verified so m e C a nnon cameras m ay h ave thi s problem In a Cave Ph o t o Work s h o p earlier this year severa l of u s reali ze d that the "i n s t a nt gratificatio n you get from s h oo tin g 6 a digital camera (with a color viewing screen) in a cave allows a whole different concept for setting up multiple flash s hots You can check for light balance subject color and exposure, and fix most of the other problems you notice after having your film pictures developed. With a digital camera you can delete the bad pictures on the spot and try something different. Once you have the shot set up the film cameras can take advantage of the process. But each digital camera must initiate it's own picture (slaving the multiple flashes) precisely because of the problem mentioned with the lack of a "T" or B exposure Summary Like a Polaroid camera, a digital camera with a color display provides instant gratification, allowing the photographer to check out lighting and framing in the cave during the photo sess ion Some cameras even allow a highly magnified in s pection of the image and adjustment for film speed and color temperature allows the use of electric or carbide light in taking pictures. The primary advantage of digital cameras is ease of digital publishing. Most cameras save the file in the JPEG format. If you plan to publish only on the web you can set the camera to take small images which may then be used directly without additional processing Remember that if you take photos in higher resolution formats, e-mail and web use may require size reduction and color adjustment from your digital darkroom (Photos hop or equivalent) The bottom line is that if you are planning to spend $150 or more for a digital camera, you need to do some homework to decide which camera is best for you. Send an e-mail to if you have a detailed question Fortunately there is a lot of data on the internet and from this article you should be able to find some reports and compare specifications on the cameras of greatest interest for yourself. Resources: Selected websites Digital Camera Resource Page: detailed reviews of selected cameras. www.dcresource.coml Digital Photogr a phy Reviews : many reviews variety of infor mation www. dpreview.comireviewsi Firefly Slave Units (Peter Jone s www.fireflyelectronics co uk/ Digital Photo Newsletter (Free!) www.imaging-resource.comlIRNEWSi Cases for cameras (Pelican, Aquapac etc .) www.cases4le ss .com Panoramic tripod head s : www.kaidan.comlproducts/pano-prods.html (pa noramic web demo at www.kaidan comlgeebee.htrnI) CRF NEWSLETTE R


An Update on the Kentucky TriModal Transpark By Hilary Lambert Hopper The 1000 Mile Cave From Bowling Green, Kentucky, east and north to the ramparts of Mammoth Cave's escarpment lie rolling farmlands, quilted with sinkholes and small towns. The subterranean rivers have been famously dye-traced, and there are those among you who know so mething of the caves. In their book Beyond Mammoth Cave (2000), Jim Borden and Roger Brucker state that the mapped extent of the Mammoth system will one day extend one thou sa nd miles, from Munfordville in the northeas t to Bowling Green in the southwest. A New Vision The Intermodal Transportation Authority (ITA) sees a vision rising from these fertile farmlands. In ITA's vision a transportation hub, with train, truck and air connections would replace the country roads and historic homes. Right now it is termed 'The Yellow Site." Several s mall rural homes 26) iterations were created each giving a new va riation o n the previous. Three were identified as the preferred alternatives. with one (Alternative T) shining as the best of those."' (Joseph Barkevich, Program Summary, "GIS Applications of the Kentucky TriModal Transpark Site Selection and Master Development Plan," Kentucky GIS 200 I Conference, May 21 -24, Lexington KY). What Mr. Barkevich i s talking about. is a two-year process during which seve n sites were trumpeted as po ss ibilities. A wondrou s ly dispassionate GIS overlay and analysis process further reduced the number to four brightly co lored sites the Blue the Yellow, the Green and th e Orange. The Orange Site closest to Mammoth and containing famous caves was provided as bait for environmentalists. No one bit, because everyone somehow knew that the Yellow Site would be the lucky winner. Here is how Mr. Barkevich de sc ribe s the criteria that helped se lect that "shining" Alternative T. the Yellow Site : would be condemned to make way for an airport runway. Their communal grave a demolition and debris landfill, has been excavated and sits waiting among the small homes that will fill it. In their enthusiasm, the excavators dug down until they were below the flood elevation of the rivers beneath. State agencies had them throw in a few feet of rubble to raise the landfill floor ; and so the puncturing and degradation of the subterranean landscape has begun. CENTRAL KENTUCKY KARST SHADING SHOWS AREA OF MAXIMUM \ II;.//J/I, CAVE DENSITY rMammoth Cave In their Airport Environmental Assessment (EA) of February 2001, ITA de sc ribe s it s plan to let all runoff from the 796-acre airport s ite settle into one large pond, situated on sinkhole-riddled, brittle chert. Brucker (200 I) calculates that a 3inch rain would produce 540 million pounds of water in a pond 600 feet by 700 feet and 20 feet deep. Why Put It Here? How and when was this s ite -6000 acres of farmland and small towns situated between Jim Scott's industrial park on the Bowling Green side, the town of Oakland on the east, and six miles south of Mammoth Cave National Park selected for this honor? Stories differ. Local residents point to the fact that the Smiths Grove and Oakland 1-65 interchanges built a long time ago, are just three miles apart. A closer look at the politics suggests that investors and land speculators arranged to have the Oakland exit constructed so that when the Trimodal Transpark arrived, the infrastructure would be in place. This indicates some advance planning I Stories differ Here is what transportation planner. Joseph Bark e vich of Wilbur Smith As soc iates, has to say about the selection process: "In order to realize the best development alternatives for the given study area numerous (approximately MAY 2001 Brownsville 11/1111 National best alternative criteria: the least adverse environmental impacts (product of the EA) best aviation related facilities placement. most financially attainable, and having the least adverse impacts to the communities and municipalities of the ar ea During 2000, the ITA applied to the Federal Aviation Administration for the go-ahead (and federal support) to build a new airport on the Yellow Site. They were denied approval and funding. The FAA stated that the present Bowling Green Airport is operating way below capacity and that there is no economic justitication for a new airport. It appears the ITA will start with an industrial park rail hub and trucking hub and create a need for the airport. They advertised the 6000 acre site on a Kentucky Cabinet for Economic Development website, (www.thinkkentLlcky.comiedis) terming it vacant. not zoned, and stating that prices and purchases were to be negotiated with ITA. 7


)fASKINS-'scOTT ])E,MoL.ITIOIV ])1381([$ LAfiPFILL # 1 The Public and Experts Respond The advertisement was on the web on May 8, when a public meeting was held in Bowling Green on the topic of the Environmental Assessment that ITA had prepared for the back-burnered airport. What a night that was. Landowners stood up and said: "My land is not for sale at any price." Scientists, faculty members and citizens from Western Kentucky University, Warren County Citizens for Managed Growth, the Sierra Club, and KEEP (Karst Environmental Education & Protection) delivered one stinging indictment after another of the EA's inadequacy Roger Brucker broke a plate to demonstrate the brittle nature of the Lost River chert, upon which airplanes would be landing The US Fish and Wildlife regional director was there angry that ITA had paid no attention to his advisory letters and had not sent him a copy of the EA. He warned ITA that they would not be able to evade the federal Environmental Impact Process much lon ger; and he said that he had heard that it was possible that the federally endangered Kentucky cave shrimp (Palaemonias ganteri Hay) had been found below the Yellow Site On the same day as the public meeting, Mammoth Cave National Park made public Superintendent Switzer's long awaited reaction to the EA His letter was essentially a cease-and-desist directive stating that all development of the proposed Trimodal Tran s park site should stop immediately until a full EIS was carried out for this site (and all of the previously proposed sites). He stated that negative air quality effects alone were enough to stop thi s project. Airport? What Airport? In reaction the l oca l County Judge Executive said, on May 9 that the Superintendent and the environmentalists had it all wrong that this was just an industrial park, not an airport, and hence none of that federal stuff applied However, this is what Joseph Barkevich said subsequently on May 21: "A phasing scheme was developed for two general land u se types 8 (business/industrial and aviation related) establishing parcel acquisition. This is currently being completed in the Master Development Plan, where we are moving into design for the Airport Layout Plan (ALP) and the Business ParklIndustrial Layout. A byproduct of this process was a fully integrated GIS for Parcel Information, including all available PYA data attached to digital polygons a nd hyperlinks to photographs (mostly useful for Historical Structure Analysis)." Sure, he isn't the most lyrical writer around but you saw what he said: ALP! And thus the she ll game continues. On May 30, a s howdown was held between proand anti-Airpark representatives on Bowling Green public radio and television, with phone call-ins and videos of breaking plates and a fly over of the sinkhole plain. A rematch is planned. Working Together To Say NO Fortunately there is another alternative for these people: working together to say NO A regional alliance, coordinated by KEEP is forming to protect this land, its people and the subterranean landscape below and to the northeast, all connected by cave passages and running water. The karst community, grassroots and national groups, and citizenry have produced authoritative scientific, political and legal documents that have been sent to over thirty local, state, federal and international agencies concerned with this situation. An Appeal has been filed on the decision to issue bond s for sale to finance this monster. That Appeal has been sent to all of the surrounding counties and cities that signed an Interlocal Agreement to support the Trimodal Transpark. Much more is in the planning stages. CRF's Contribution To This Work If you would like to know more, and if you would like to donate to KEEP to help defray costs, our contact information is availab le below. It was CRF members who helped get KEEP started when we appealed for expert letters and donations back in January. It has been CRF members and colleagues who have done much of the hard work in the months since Your response was immediate and generous. Please join KEEP today and help u s say NO to the TriModal Transpark. Further information Information and donations: KEEP (Karst Environmental Education & Protection ) PO Box 8 Oakland KY 42159 Hilary Lambert Hopper Deb Bled soe The opinions and views expressed are those of the author's and not of the CRF. CRF NEWSLETIER


The Great Crack An update on recent exploration in Hawaii By Don Coons I am writing to describe recent subterranean discoveries that were made along the Great Crack System of the southwest flank of Kilauea Volcano on the Big Island of Hawaii. I was first introduced to the entrance of a vertical cave system in this area by Dr. Bill Halliday and HAVO director Don Swanson in August 2000. The opening lies at the base of a steep talus slope in the bottom of a collapse depression just outside the pig fence marking the boundary to Volcanoes National Park At that time we had limited rope and vertical equipment so were able to descend only the first 85 foot pitch in the cave This was immediately followed by a 20 foot climb that opened onto the top of an additional pitch of unknown depth. A noticeable breeze was evident at this limit of exploration It appeared to be barometric, oscillating first inward and then back out again every few minutes. Upper level leads were noted trending makai across the top of both the first and second pitches. The highest was tra versed and explored for approximately 150 feet to a rubble collapse. Only a sketch map of the cave was produced at this time, since we did not have a large enough party entering the cave to conduct a full survey Rick Elhard, Cindy Heazlit, and I returned to the Great Crack Entrance on February 23, 2001. This time we were car rying full sets of vertical gear more than 450 feet of rope and enough food, water and survey gear for the duration. We entered the cave shortly after noon and quickly reached the top of the second pitch that had limited exploration on the previ ous trip Judging from the sound of falling loose rocks we were clearing from the upper sloping lip we were expecting the drop to be in the neighborhood of 50 to 60 feet. Rick was nominated for the first decent. At the base of the sloping entry he hesitated and looked straight down into black ness. "Looks pretty big down there.", was his nervous comment as he disappeared from view A short time later his voice floated back up from below. Wow I'm hanging freely in the center of a really big room The room room room echoed off into the distance. The highly porous basalt walls were acting like a sponge soaking up the sound of the rockfall and throwing off our estimates of the overall depth of the drop Immediately concerned, I shouted back down. "Is there enough rope to reach the bottom?" I knew that we had tied a large knot at the end of the rope for just that eventuality, but was somewhat concerned that he would end up dangling and have to change over to vertical gear to climb back out again His quick response reassured me. "It s OK there's about 10 feet on the bottom OK no problem WAIT A MINUTE!! That rope was a 200 feet length. We used quite a bit to rig, but still this drop has got to be well over 100 feet. Later survey would confirm it to be 121 feet from rig point to floor. The party quickly reassembled at the bottom of the pitch Rick hadn't been kidding. The bottom section opened into a MAY 2001 large rifted passage resembling the belfry of a fair sized cathe dral in both size and cross section. Heading mauka (up mountain), back in the direction of the entrance, it quickly ended in a solid rock wall. Only a very narrow crack offered egress in this direction. It was barely human sized We left it unexplored in favor of the main passage that headed off makai (toward the ocean). It was large enough to accommodate an average size semi truck and trailer The uneven breakdown floor sloped downward off into the distance. We were just working up a good sweat as we trundled along this corridor when suddenly the walls narrowed and the passage pinched off once more. One last large breakdown boulder blocked our view of the terminus. As we peered around it s edge our spirits rose. There was a steep down sloping floor that quickly dropped out of sight into yet another pitch Blackness beckoned from below. A noticeable breeze cooled our sweat stained brows Our longest and strongest ropes were already rigged in the entrance series. We were down to one shorter climbing line and two smaller diameter ropes. This was the last of our sup ply We estimated the drop to be only about 30 feet depth and expected that the shorter climbing line would be enough to reach the bottom. I rappelled down the slope to the edge of the lip and quickly realized that we had again misjudged the depth of the pitch The last remaining smaller diameter line was in my pack. I locked off my descender and tied this piece on just above the lip of the final pitch. Even with the extra rigging I was not sure that the rope reached the floor below The last ditch effort was to tie my pack onto the line and lower it to the floor. It hit bottom with only 4 feet to spare. The survey later measured the depth at nearly 75 feet. We were down but what would happen next? With only one short hand line left in our rope supply the cave would have to go horizontal or we would soon be at the limit of our explo ration for the day. Luckily it continued in not one, but two directions Makai was now a steeply up sloping talus pile while mauka was heading downward. Gravity decided the moment and I was soon headed off into ever larger passage Returning to the bottom of the rope about 15 minutes later, I was just in time to greet the rest of the party as they reached the bottom. "What does it do?", was the immediate question, even before touching bottom. I only grinned and pointed up the steep slope. "Don t know, I haven't been that way yet." We were off, scrambling up the shifting talus. Two steps up and one step back The whole pile shifted as we attempted to climb, like negotiating a gravel pile on a starless night. Mercifully it ended in another cull de sac in a very short distance. We had rappelled in along one wall of the terminal room in this makai trend. End of cave? Well no", I replied. "We do have a small problem. I couldn't find the end in the other direction." 9


" Why didn t you say so!", was the quick re s pon se. We were off again, thi s time down hill and at a much quicker pace l s oon fell to the rear as Rick ra ce d on ahead. On average, the cave at thi s lower level wa s much larger tha n the upper level s h a d been More than 1 ,000 horizont a l feet later we reached a s ection of cave tha t ascended s teeply up yet a nother talu s s lope. Rick starte d the sc ramble while I took a break for a drink of water and a candy bar. A prominent feature of the cave s hown in my headlamp as l munched and refl ecte d all that we had see n so far Don Sw a n so n had de sc ribed thi s area of the rift as a most intri g u ing place An eruption in thi s area during 1823 had followed a mo s t unu s u a l pattern as compared to mo s t other lava flows on the i s land Normally the earth s well s above an eruption s ight as the m ag ma chamber beneath rises ever closer to the s urface Eventually thi s building pre ss ure cracks the rock a b ove and the eruption break s out vertically through either a rift zo n e or one of the large caulderas. The 1823 event wa s dif ferent in that it apparently rose to a point near the s urface se v e r a l mile s mauk a of our current loc a tion and then moved l a ter a lly a lon g a s ubterr a nean pathw ay within the rift zone. It finally brok e free to the s Ulface jus t a few hundred meter s down the rift from the cave e ntr a nce we were exploring. As I under s tood Swan so n' s interpretation thi s sce nario had b een theorize d by the HAVO geologi s t s for quite so me tim e The early dat e of the eruption, jus t three d eca de s after firs t European contact on the island had left only s par se fir s t hand description s of the ac tual eve nt. It wa s all intere s ting s p ecula tion but so m ew hat lackin g in s ub s t a ntial proof that the l ava h a d actually flowed laterally along existing fault systems. Th e f eat ur e in my he a d I a mp was s tartling Clearly a rind of l ava had b ee n depo s ited on the existing wall of the cave. At thi s particular point a sec tion h a d later co llap se d exposing the e d ge of this 10 inch thick crust. The inner s urf ace, formin g the vis ible wall of the cave, was m ar ked by a p a ttern of de sce nding drip s as the l as t of the l ava had back drained down into the m o untain Th e rind itself was depo s ited in two l aye r s, a n outer dense almost blac k unit and an inner porou s l ayer more brown in co l or As I gaze d mor e closely at the wall s of this chamber it was clear that the en tir e cave wa s once coated in thi s m ate rial. Only in fortuitous s m all sec tion s h a d the rind fallen away and e xpo s ed the cross sect ion that first caught my attention The s ound of Rick's sc r a mblin g h a d faded off into the dist a n ce so me tim e ago. I finished m y ca ndy bar and s tart e d the s t ee p a scent up th e talus to follow his l ea d By the time I had r eac h ed the top h e was returning to rep ort, Same problem the cave jus t doe s n t e nd." W e were quit e some dis tan ce in b y thi s tim e n ea rly out of rope and reflectin g on the l o n g climb back o ut again. Time t o call it a d ay and s tart the pro cess of s urveying o ur way back hom e again. W e had two dis posable cam eras a lon g on the trip and u se d the m to photograph the rind we h a d discovere d on the walls of the cave S a mpl es were collec t e d a t five diff e r e nt s i g ht s a l o n g the way Eac h wa s photographed Th e rind was clearly evi d ent throu gho ut the cave, but became n oticeab l y trunner as we ascended back t o the s urf ace. It wa s l as t evide nt at th e top of the 1 2 1 foot second pitch S a mple s of a bri g ht r e d clay lik e 1 0 material and chips of what we believe to be obsidian were col lected but lo s t when an outside pocket of a pack ripped free and fell back into the second pitch. It s hould be easy to retrieve them on a return trip. Black veining from one to three feet wide were noted at seve ral locations in the ceilings of the pa ss age. They appeared to be grikes (tectonic cracks later filled by molten material) but a closer examination will be nec essary to identify their composition and importance to the overall formational proce ss of the cave. More than thirty s urvey stations were s et in documenting jus t s hort of 2, 000 feet of total cave we had traversed during the day Maximum depth reached was 600.2 feet below the entrance All sa mple areas were noted in the survey We finally crawled back to the s urface at 10 : 00 PM. A rughly memorable trip and a cave that we defmitely plan to continue exploring at the earliest possible juncture. The primary importance of trus Kilaue a feature would seem to be geologic in nature. No archaeological remains were noted The only cultural artifacts in evidence were a few sections of pig fencing that had apparently been abandoned and dumped down the entrance slope. It is interesting to speculate, as well, on the possibilities of biologic discoveries that mig ht be pos s ible at this considerable depth beneath the surface of the volcano. No living organisms were noted on the trip but a closer examination is certainly warranted. Daily Fees to Rise at Hamilton Valley Research Center Eve ry effort ha s been made by the Hamilton Valley Operations Committee to maintain a fee structure that: would allow E as tern Operation s to keep the same daily fees we grew accustomed to at Maple Springs Unfortunately reality ha s s et in and we are consistently paying out more eacn month in maintenance and utility expenses then we are receiving in daily fees. Therefore, it ha s become obvious that a raise in fees is mandatory to cover the cost of running the facility. Although the exact amount of the increase has not yet been established it may be up to 50 percent more per day tha n the current r a te Eastern Operation s will also need to increa se it s fees accordingly. While we under s tand everyone i s di s couraged by this increase we also hope you under s tand that our housing is no longer s ub si dized by the government and maintaining a facility as nice as our Research Center is not cheap. It will st ill be sig nific a ntly le ss expensive than any accommodations available in Cave City or Park City, and all meals are still thrown in! Th a nk you for your continued support! Paul C a nnale y CRF Tre as urer Elizabeth Winkler Hamilton V a lley Man ager Dave Wes t Eastern Operation s Manager CRF NEWSLETTER


Beyond Mammoth Cave Book Review by Sue Hagan Covering explorations in the Mammoth Cave system up through 1983 Be y ond Mammoth Cave by James D. Borden and Roger W Brucker, is a welcome if somewhat overdue follow-up to the classic, The Longest Cave The book has been given an unusual amount of attention for its "Brucker and Borden tell all" approach, and in my opinion, an undue amount of criticism. For members of CRF, there is much to be learned from this book and from the controversy it has aroused; the struggles of cave exploration fall as much in the social realm as in the physical. When I joined CRF, Roppel and Mammoth Caves had been linked just the year before Only a few of the participants on the connection trip were still regularly hanging around the Flint Ridge field house, but through the years I came to know most of them .. What I didn't know back then was the degree to which such caving is also an outgrowth of some of the more unsavory aspects of collaborative efforts, especially competitiveness, but also rigid, sometimes punitive group norms bureaucratic regulations unkind personal idiosyncrasies self-serving secrecy, arrogance and sometimes downright meanness. Brucker and Borden have produced a coherent account of the history of post 1973 CRF Mammoth Cave exploration and the subsequent formation of the Central Kentucky Karst Coalition (CKKC) and exploration of Roppel. The book explains what drove them as individuals as founders, and as dynamic leaders within their own organizations, CRF and CKKC respectively. In relating this history they have openly shared the intrigues and dishonesties that sometimes hindered yet often furthered their ambition to make the big connections But this kind of openness carries dangers; airing dirty linen does not make it cleaner especially when it includes other peoples' underwear. For example, Don Coons's threat to make the Roppel Connection on his own if CRF and CKKC failed to do so goaded Borden to arrange the connection trip (and Don was not alone in making such a threat). Who is more to blame-Don or Jim-when Borden hastily assembles the connection crews with only quasi-approval from the respective groups and fail s to include some who ought to have been there? It is this kind of "should we or should we not" dilemma that seems to be the hallmark of caving exploration everywhere, and has been especially prominent in the Mammoth Cave region. Roger Brucker has often been criticized for distorting matters when he wrote The Longest Cave. I once asked Roger about his accuracy He claimed, other than taking "writer' s license" to make up conversations to carry the story along and minor errors of fact, he honestly didn't know of any distortions or untruths I believe him As any his torian would say it's not that easy to reconstruct events precisely without personal bias accidental distortion, and making errors through misinformation or inattention to detail. MAY 2001 The most frequent complaints I have heard about Beyond Mammoth Cave have been directed at co-author Jim Borden ; the attackers focus on his alleged grandiosity, saying he distorted events to make himself the hero in place of others. I have asked Jim about this; he is aware of the attacks, but uncertain as to what he could or should, have done differently. I believe him As anyone who has attempted to write anything of substance would know, you can't take the writer out of what is written. Of course Jim talks more about the trips he was on, more about his personal views on caving and caving politics and more about his own life in general; that is obviously what he knows best and is in the best position to report. But there is another factor which I think has worked against Jim; as a long-time CRF member, he carries a reputation that as reputations often do exceeds what he has likely ever done. People who know an author may judge the book not so much by its contents but by what they think of him personally Those critics who I have had an opportunity to directly question have been revealingly empty in answering my questions, "But what did Jim write that is in error?" and "What has Jim done that makes you say he is grandiose and big-headed?" The responses have been ambiguous at bestveiled references to Jim's youthful braggadocio, his leaving CRF in a huff to form his own caving group, his theft of Illaps to further his own aims You can read in Beyond Mammoth Cave Jim's own admission of culpability for these actions (which are not so different than Roger's behavior the preceding generation). But I don't think Jim deserves any more criticism than does Roger; when you come right down to it, they both have done a tremendous amount for cavers and for caving. Roger Brucker summarized the dichotomy of feelings when he says, . .1 owe the completion of my dreams to that damned twerp, Jim Borden. He set me up for my final connection trip In turn Jim later writes, "My annoyance with the Cave Research Foundation's air of superiority continued but my respect for them and their success remained." Nowadays, the historic competitiveness of CRF and CKKC has been replaced by a great deal of collaboration. This is great for cavers and for the cave system Hopefully in time Mammoth Cave will be proven to be the SOO-mile long cave it surely is. Beyond Mammoth Cave was out-of-date on publication having chosen as its cut-off the events leading to a connection now nearly two decades old Though "only" a modest 60 or more additional miles has been mapped since then, much has been done especially in terms of the advancement of cartographic standards. But my cap goes off to Brucker and Borden for providing us this important bridge to the next installment of the ever-evolving longest cave's exploration history Thanks, guys, for helping me better understand the history that is Mammoth Cave and the Cave Research Foundation Be y ond Mammoth Cave is available from Cave Books. 11


Lava Research CenterFundraising A Success! By Janet M.Sowers Lava Beds Project Manager Research Center Campaign Committee Chair We have m e t our fund raising goa l of $200,000 for the Lava B e d s R esea rch Cen t er. According to Kathleen Luscombe the N atural Histor y Association business man age r we have $ 14(),X() I in the bank. Add t o that $3 500 in outstanding pledg es. $50.000 In in-kind se rvices (architectural and site pr e paration) and we now have TADA II $2 00 .36111 We did not. unf ortunately raise the extra $ 10.000 cushion we were aiming for, but we hope to clo rais e that before we s tart construction. Please i I' anyone has n o t had a chance to participate in this project it is not too late to send in a check payable to the "Lava B eds Researc h Center" to Kathleen Lusco mbe Lava Bed s Natural Histor y Association, Box 865. Tulelake. CA l)()1 34. THANKSI Architec t Richard Minert is working on the final construction drawing s Th ey should be comp l eted thi s s ummer. Then the Park Service will revi ew the plans Richard will make any rev i sions n eeded. and Ric hard will prepare a hid package. The joh will then go out f o r bid. We hope to sel ect a cont r acto r in the l ate summer or fall, then start construction in the s pring of 2002. llcartldt thanks go out to everyone who helped make this c ampai g n a s uccess. Your support has m eant a great de a l to us. Th,lnKs for y our investment in the future of resea rch at Lava Beds. and we hop e to se e you the r e as a project participant. Hamilton Valley Donations The following people have contributed to the Hamilton Valley Fund since the start of our fiscal year on October I, 2000. While the buildings are in place they are not paid off yeti We need your contin u ed contributions! To make donating easier for everyone, we are now capable of taking credit cards. Consider setting up a monthly donation to help us retire this debt. Please call or email me if you have any questions. Your donation is tax deductible and greatly appreciate. Checks can be se nt to: Paul Cannaley Home Phone -317-862 -561 8 CRF Treasurer 4253 Senour Road Indi a napolis IN 46239-9437 Doug Alderman William Hornaday Anonymous Donor Ernst Kastning Antrum, Inc. Bill Koerschner Don Black Kathy Lavoie Joan Brucker Dick Maxey Tom Brucker Matt Mezydlo P aul Cannaley Tom Murphy Don Coon s Mik e Nardacci Tom Cottrell Chuck Pease George Crothers Cleve Pinnix Dave Deamer Virginia Seiser John Delong Roger Shamel Veda Depaepe Greg Sholly Fred Dickey Courtney Sikora Denni s Drum Erik Sikora Kip Duchon Jon Smith Cheryl Early Roger Smith Burnell Ehman Shannon Smith Jeff FaIT Janet Souers Jack Freeman John Stellmack Daniel Greger John Tinsley Dave Hanson Gail Wagner Kurt Helf Norbert Welch Tilli e Helms Spike Werner John Hes s Dave West Rick Hoechstetter LaJuana Wilcher Joyce Hoffmaster Richard Zopf Photo of cave gypsum Angel Hair photographed in 1973 unfortunately this formation no longer exists By Pete Lindsley 1 2 CRF NEWS LETTER


Regional Expedition Reports Sequioa and Kings Canyon, California Lilburn Cave May 5-6, 2001, Expedition Finds New Passages by John C. Tinsley, Expedition Leader 2001 has been a rather space odyssey thus far for the CRF folks in Redwood Canyon, mainly because the weather ha s been anything but compliant. Three consecutive expeditions sc heduled at the January organizational meeting plu s two additional s pontaneous efforts at organizing trip s were canceled, because each turned out to coincide with a m ajor winter Sierr a Nevada s torm Sore experience ha s u s s hown that one generally is well advised to not tempt fate b y persisting in an expedition in the face of predicted severe weather, because a heavy wet snow tend s to break tree s which tend to block roads and mash user s of trails and pa r ked vehicle s, and nobody like s that very much Adding to the likelihood of problem s is that immediately east uf Redwuud Canyon repo ses 8000 foot-high Big Baldy ridge and sum mit, a topographic positive exerts a s trong orographic influence on passing air masses, and tends to intensify precipitation events in Redwood Canyon near Lilburn Cave. The April 22-23 expedition affords a typical example. The warm April we had enjoyed for a couple of weeks terminated abruptly as the P ac ific High broke down one more time and let the storm track shift south to a point across southern central California A series of 2 to 3 storms was predicted to dump 1.5 to 3 feet of snow in a 3 day period with some deeper drifts likely Snowline was projected at 3000 ft. Our trailhead at Redwood Mountain Saddle is at 6200 feet, and we have to cross elevations reaching nearly 7300 feet to reach that point unless we drive an extra hour over extremely narrow and curvy roads to approach the park from the west and so uth via the lower reaches of Eshom Creek and Redwood Canyon So on the face of it the situation was not promi si ng. Ever the optimistic leader, Tinsley conferred with CRF PI s and NPS rangers, and finally canceled the expedition on the Thursday prior to the weekend, when the weather picture seemed to be irrevoc a bly bad. Adding to the leader's temporary angst was that the San Francisco Bay Area turned out to enjoy an absolutely gorgeous weekend! But we dutifully res c heduled the expedition for May 5-6, a couple of weeks hence Turned out to be a good deci s ion too! Ten longs ufferin g but stil1 game CRF-ers hit the ro a d and reached the trailhead, mo s t by way of Eshom Creek but one or two cars with slightly aggressive 4WD and high MAY 2001 clearance braved lingering snowdrifts to come down from Quail Flat turnoff to the trailhead at Redwood Mountain Saddle Paul Nel so n and Scott Smith had opened the cabin and restored the water system to function u s ing duct tape to overcome a couple of ice-bur s t PVC pipe s and connectors. Snow was patchy but remarkably abundant during the hike despite the preceding two weeks of warm weather Residual drifts were up to 2-3 feet deep, without any sign of leaf-fal1 within them Thu s the canyon had been free of snow prior to the April 22-23 s torm There was lot s of tree-fal1 induced by the s now and the drive in s howed that roads had been blocked by severa l large trees. Had we driven in to the trailhead on April 21-22, we would not have driven out without jacks, hammers, large chain saws, a snow plow or two a nd lots of elbow grease! Neverthele ss, the Canyon was quite pretty with vegetation just beginning to awaken, and the mo s quitoe s suppressed to negligible levels by recent sub-freezing night time temperatures Three cave trips were mounted on May 5, one 6-hour trip dedicated to a reconnaissance of the central cave 's sedimentology and two 10 hour trip s dedicated to s urveying in the Attic-Attic area As usual, some unexpected but very nice find s were found. Peter Bosted Scott Smith, and Mick Fingleton took the Dorothy s House route to the Attic-Attic (This area i s located above the Hexadendron Room area. There i s a large complex of pas sages known as the "Attic" and the Attic-Attic is yet above the Attic, for those of you keeping score). Approximately 238 feet of new s urvey in 31 s tations was completed, with more s ide leads remaining The area will be targeted for further survey during the Memorial Day expedition. Bosted noticed a white powdery deposits on the w al1s of the passage in the EZD survey; pending further analysis thi s may be Spence Wood 's young volcanic ash erupted about AD 1240 from the De a dman Dome area of the Inyo Craters chain, eastern Sierra Nevada California Thi s would also be the ash Tinsley has been playing with in the sinkholes of the Redwood Canyon karst, and it would be the fir s t known occurrence of the ash within Lilburn Cave itself. Further work i s cal1ed for in order to positively identify thi s material. Paul Nelson and Damian Grindley also canvassed leads the Bosted team did not want to survey in the Attic-Attic becau se of exposure. The A team checking for new or missing leads and re-surveying part s of the complex of pa ssages original1y s urveyed by El1is Hedlund [To get to one area Damian stood on Paul' s shoulders to reach a hand hold to climb up the slope. He later belayed Paul with a rope ] The slope lead to a nice room with dis plays of helictite s were loc a ted near EZ2 and a fine white s talagmite turned up near EZ4 A most remarkable area was located including a passage blocked by white calcite stals and a pool containing dogtooth 13


spar. It wa s named the "Ellis Hedlund Room as a tribute to his original survey work in Lilburn Cave that dates back to the I 960s. A total of 212 feet was surveyed [Paul would like to note, they noticed air suddenlying rushing into the Meyer entrance while waiting at the top of Meyer pit. This is probably a res ult of the cave suddenly flushing ] John Tinsley, and Phil, Cethlinn, and Jed Cunningham conducted a Meyer Entrance to Historic Entrance trip, with empha sis on the reconnaissance of the active stream passages of central Lilburn Cave to discern the extent of flooding during the pa s t season s runoff Runoff was still rather high and subterranean Redwood Creek was still turbid Flow was slight l y ponded at the White Rapids, making the noisy cascade more like a gray ripple High water there reached only the base of Tin s ley's s tatic sediment sampler but left no signal. The Ant Lion pit was flooded about two-thirds of the way to its lip with the limit of flood water clearly marked by the disappearance of last year's footprints The Lake Room area flooded such that a 6-inch rise in stage put suspended load compo s ed of fine micaceous silty sand. Redwood Creek was s inking about 150 yards below the contact falls located about 0 .95 miles by trail north of the field station by the end of the weekend having migrated about 3/4 mile upstream from the sinkpoint noted during the hike in. W e als o patched s ome shingle s on the Lilburn field s tation, u s ing his newly acquired, totally fine, super heterodyne 24-inch long s hingle ripper He noted that several credentialled cave diggers were casting distressingly covetous e ye s on thi s fine implement, and he wa s forced to threaten them with gre a t bodily injury leading even unto a slow and h o rrid d e ath if the shingl e ripper ever s howed in-cave wear and tear! The past coup l e of years, woodpeckers seem to increa s ingly enjoy prospecting for insects at the expense of the exte rior shingle s covering the field station with devastating res ult s in term s of the weatherproof state of the cabin's ext e rior Lilburn Cave, Memorial Day Weekend May 24-28, 2001 by Bill Frantz Th e M e morial day expedition s tarted Thursday May 24 thi s year with chain s awing downed wood and clearing the trail to Big Spring. The water s ystem was also repaired on Friday, in time for the arrival of most of the expedition in the evening In all 25 people came down the canyon to help with v ariou s project s A s u s ual the s urv e y project ran the bulk of the trips and e nded up with 75 s tation s and 750 feet of s urvey. Various trips visite d the Attic, the south end of Pandora 's Room and the Black Stala c tite a rea ; checking quads pushing and s urveying n e w lead s Amazingly the cave keeps growing with a numb e r of int e resting new l e ads having been dis cov e r e d 1 4 The sediment surface recon found no major changes in any of the sink holes. Redwood creek was sinking about 100 yards below Cowen s old dig point, a marble outcrop in the creek bed This group also recorded GPS locations for a number of the features north of the cabin The restoration project removed old phone wire from the bicycle passage, and continued with the seemingly never ending process of cleaning the flowstone below the Jefferson Memorial. Attendees: Ann Bosted, Peter Bosted, Dave Bunnell Elizabeth Bunnell Jeff Cheraz, Joel Despain, Bill Farr, Brian FaIT, Mick Fingleton, Art Fortini, Bill Frantz, Peri Frantz, Shane Fryer, Amanda Grindley, Damen Grindley, Damian Grindley, Charlie Hotz Howard Hurtt, Issac Hurtt, Lynne Jesaitis Kate Lysaght, Paul Nelson, Mark Scott, John Tinsely, and Carol Vesely. Lilburn Cave June 16-17,2001 by Damian Grindley With less than a weeks notice six strong cavers came together for what became the first trip to the southern exten s ions in 200l. Time was taken by all to familiarize themselves with Peter Bosted s somewhat obscure dry way into Thanksgiving Hall via Muddy Way. Although not needed this weekend as water levels had subsided sufficiently the route is now rigged to provide a wider window of opportunity for continued exploration/surveying of the area and a potential escape route. Peter Bosted Mick Fingleton, and Carol Vesley aimed at tidying up several survey question marks in the Bennie Baby Borehole Only one of these was checked as it continued for some 200 muddy feet. Of note in this section was some "blueish sparkly rock" and a remaining chimney lead. Elsewhere this team dropped, using SRT, a 46 fissure to connect to known horizontal passage Meanwhile Bill Frantz, Damian Grindley, and Paul Nelson continued to survey across the high exposed traverse found in 2000 Within 50 feet the floor had risen some 45 feet to within 5 inches of the ceiling and was unfortunately impassable. Some 30 feet b a ck from this end a walking sized canyon wiggled upstream to a small showerbath and an intersection with another canyon Following this new canyon downstream a caIcited low-level squeeze lead to a reasonable sized room s eemingly beyond the earlier impasse Prospects seem good for additional 13-15 hour trips as multiple leads remain, a watershed may have been passed and passage sizes are increasing The 220 feet surveyed is well decorated (for Lilburn) with much orange flowstone and some green mineralization We call1ed this area Prize in the Narrows. CRF NEWSLETTER


Ozarks March to May, 2001 by Mick Sutton Fitton Cave (April 28-29) There was a productive mapping trip to Fitton Cave Buffalo National River, Arkansas, with three survey crews participating. Party 1 mapped 660 feet of canyons and crawls off the entrance se ries ; party 2 mapped 500 feet of lower level passage near the Fire Pole while the third group mapped more than 800 feet of canyons and crawls in the general area of the T-Junction. The last two expeditions to Fitton have resulted in more than 4800 feet of survey. Participants: 1) Scott House Sean Vincent, Jeanette Joo st, Danny Vann; 2) Paul Hauck, Terr y Holsinger Dan Childress, Charle s Brickey; 3) Bob Osburn David Rudy Pete Lindsley Will Harris Mark Twain National Forest On the weekend of March 24-25, there was a long distance field trip to continue work on the Cassville Ranger District in Barry County, southwestern Missouri. A six-person crew spe nt the best part of a day in locating White Oak Onyx Cave; a lthough the reported location was not ridiculously far off, the s teep densely wooded terrain, and the cave's setting p artway up a featureless hillside made for a difficult search Once located the cave was mapped for 400 feet of high canyon passage extending between two entrances. The passage is developed along a prominent joint or possibly a fault. Simultaneously, a bioinventory crew recorded and collected fauna Most of the wildlife consisted of twilight zone critters. Gene Gardner had earlier reported the cave as a po ssib le cavefish and/or crayfish s ite based on looking into a very deep pool. This time, though the pool was dry and it was rather evident that the 12 meter deep water" must have been an optical illusion caused by reflections from the high ceiling, s ince the total height of the pool passage was no more than three feet. Sue Hagan and I staye d over the following day to map and inventory Currey Cave in the sa me general area. This was much easier to find, and had been started on some years ago. That effort was abandoned when it became apparent that th e cave serve d as home for a clan of copperheads. With some trepidation the present party mapped the two crawlway and crouch way arms of the cave for a total of 200 feet. That effort and a follow-up bioinventory failed to reveal anything reptilian; evidently the choice of a March date for the trip was a good one, as any copperheads were probably still tucked away in inaccessible crevices. Among the invertebrate fauna, we made our first collection of a species of camel cricket. CeutllOphilus silvestri.I. We recently learned that mature MAY 2001 individuals of this species are no larger than a half-grown juvenile of our commoner cave-dwelling s pecies. and as a res ult we have almost certainly been overlooking them. This whole area of the Mark Twain National Fore s t is s uffering from a plague of off-road-vehicle traffic and detrimental effects of the area's caves can be expected if the situation gets worse. On April I, Scott Hou s e led a party to map Chilton Cave. Carter Co., possibly on MTNF land. Participants : White Oak Onyx Cave-Scott House Doug Baker Sue Hagan D aw n Cardace, Mick Sutton Ja so n Kolbe: Currey Cave-Mick Sutton, Sue Hagan : Chilton Cave-Scott Hou se, Bob Osburn Randy Orndorff (USGS) Dave Weary (USGS), Dawn Cardace Missouri Department of Conservation; Education On March 3 4 Scott House led a trip to Pipestem Hollow Shannon County to evaluate the cave-rich valley for state Natural Area status On March 27, Sue Hag a n a nd Mick Sutton assisted in an MDC and YMCAs pon so red educational program for the general public based at the rather elegant YMCA of the Ozarks in W as hington County so uth of Saint Louis CRF led a trip for 15 novices to Su sa n Cave on YMCA property The pmticipants, most of whom had not previously been on a wild cave trip had a great time getting acquainted with the water and copious quantities of wet mud featured in this cave, and learning sometimes the hard way, about appropriate cave attire (hint-this does not include s horts and cotton T-s hirts) The main focus, though, was on underground biology and conservation of the cave ecosystem, and thi s aspect too see med to go over well. The trip will be repeated in June as part of MOe's Becoming an outdoors woman" program On April 7, there was a mapping trip to resume the survey of Forester Cave, a fairly large cave in Shannon County. The survey crew mapped 460 ft. down the right-hand, downstream branch Mick Sutton ha s been wrapping up an MDC small-grant program by preparing specimens for shipment to the Ens Entomology Museum at the University of Missouri Columbia, where they will make a mode s t beginning to a planned Mis s ouri cave invertebrate reference collection. Participants: PljJestclIl Hollow-Scott, Patti, Max and Floyd House Adrienne Bozic (MDC);Susan Cave-Sue Ha gan, Mick Sutton, plus 15 novices; Forester Cave-Scott House George Bilbrey, Christina Jan. Don Dunham. Ozark National Scenic Riverways On April 8, Parabola Cave was mapped and the sa me party took a photography trip to Bluff Cave Participants: Scott House Christina Jan, Don Dunham. Jason Brown 15


Missouri Department of Natural Resources On April 21, there was a trip to continue the Fisher Cave s urvey This large show cave in Meramec State Park received the attention of two mapping crews. Group I extended a survey to the pit in the Pit Crawl, while the Group 2 did mopup survey and a longitudinal profile along the main-line Grand Canyon Participants: Fisher Cave-I) Doug Baker, Bob Lerch, Andy Lerch, Zach Wagner; 2) Scott House, Paul Hauck, Patti Williamson. In addition, there were also two trips led by Bob Osburn to Cox Cave, Shannon County as part of a US Geological Survey project. Details will be given in the next report. Thanks to Scott House for details of many of the above reports. Eastern Operations Thanksgiving, November 22-26, 2000 Leader, Jim Borden The Thanksgiving 2000 CRF Expedition at the new Hamilton Valley facility was a resounding success. Approximately sixty folks were in attendance. Expedition leader Jim Borden called it a milestone of sorts for himself as well as CRF. This would be the first "big" expedition at Hamilton Valley and a (hoped for) return to the traditions of the past when expeditions were large and full of the vitality of being in our own "space." Secondly, the long awaited book B ey ond Mammoth Cave was finally available, and Jim had many copies for sale through Cave Books (he even signed them upon request) Jim had invited many of our members who were active in the old days, which further added to the sense of restoring the energy of our expeditions During the weekend, progress was made in many projects-Lesser Cave Inventory, narrative description, photo documentation and cartography In support of cartography, a grand total of 5963 feet was surveyed, of which 3952 feet was new (3017 feet in Roppel Cave, 316 feet in lesser caves, 270 feet in Proctor and 349 feet in Flint Ridge) and 10 II feet was resurvey (291 in Roppel and 820 in Flint Ridge). Thursday was Thank s giving and major festivities were planned so caving trips were scheduled to be short in duration Friday was be the big caving day. In addition to the traditional Thanksgiving dinner, Ann and Peter Bosted, Alan Wellhau s en and Jim Borden regaled everyone with photos from all over the world as well as in our backyard in Mammoth Cave Jack Freeman Bill Mann and Red Watson led the effort in continuing the trail building project around the Hamilton Valley property with the help of many. 16 Thursday Trips One party worked on sorting out place names along the Wild Cave Tour in support of the narrative description projects. Most of the effort was in Cleaveland Avenue and in and around Gerta's Grotto. A ridgewalking/small cave inventory party looked for caves on the north shore. They hiked the area between White Oak Trail and Wilson Hollow and found two small caves, Swallow's Cave and Coyote Crescent Cave. The latter contained fresh feces, tentatively identified as belonging to a coyote. The Bedquilt survey team introduced the new chief of the park s Division of Science and Resource Management, Mark Depoy, to CRF caving in Mammoth Cave. Bedquilt was a suitable introduction to a lot of complex caving and to the detailed work being done. Mark lived to cave another day and was able to join us for Thanksgiving dinner. In Crystal Cave, a party worked in the north end of Lost Passage, adding sketch detail to the map and noting geologic features. The upstream end of Snorkland in Roppel had "ended" in a low, wide and wet crawl. A party managed to find an upper level bypass to the slop and reconnect into a fine, four-foot diameter tube that was surveyed 500 feet to another low spot. It looks like it opens up after just a few feet. Another Roppel party continued the replacement survey of North Downey Avenue from the base of the ladders below the Downey Avenue Entrance. A new photographic documentation project is being run in cooperation with the park's Interpretation division. The purpose of the project is to increase the number of good photos of the cave, satisfy some gaps in the National Park collection, and to use this as a kernel to begin an effort to work with the park on better tour documentation. The first trip was led into Historic, with rangers supplied by the park to serve as some of the models. Friday Trips One party went to the lower S Survey in Eastern Salts, focusing on the extension of the Salts Trunk southeast of the Salts entrance sink The survey of Moonwalk Boulevard continued in the dramatic 15 high by 60 wide tube to its eastern end in breakdown. A survey team descended the Doyle Valley Entrance and headed a short distance into the Hawkins River T survey to continue a lead begun in September. After a few hundred feet, the passage descended through the chert and became small and damp. The passage continues, but it is not terribly spacious. Four parties went into Roppel on Friday The first team made the long slog down Logsdon River through the connection breakdown and the old sump into Morrison Cave. The upper levels above the sump have been worked off and on, but not in the last few years On this trip, these upper levels were extended eastward (the 0 Survey beyond the U and P Surveys) almost connecting to the complex of passages CRF NEWSLETTER


surveyed off of Animal Avenue on the Roppel side of the sump. Lots of cave here but it is a tough trip After years of talking about it, this crew finally surveyed into the very large dome ("Toms Big g est Dome") which is probably one of the larger domes in the system The second Roppel team returned to Gunnison Creek in Roppel's Historic section using the new s hortcut from Walter Way An upper level to Gunnison Creek was surveyed, and the upstream end wa s pushed to th e brink of a large dome, replete with strong air and lots of water. Too small-more per s uasion will be required On the way out, they checked downstream in Gunnison Creek and found that it continues a s a good lead. The third Roppel team returned to the long-neglected Opproximate between Coons Room and the Wift. Ever since the discovery of the shortcut Plot Pit the longer upper route has been abandoned. One of the party members had s cooped the passage fifteen years before He returned with 600 feet of survey with more left to do (of his scoop). Yet another Roppel party looked at paleohydrology in the main section of Roppel. Lots of interesting feature s were noted in Arlie Way and the area below Promenade Pit. A large group traveled down Pohl Avenue, beyond the Brucker Breakdown to Ruth s Room,. Some of the cavers surveyed in Hob s ons Turnpike to complete a loop into Powell Trail while others continued the Phi Survey until it terminated in dome s and small lead s Another party continued replacement and resketch work through the Salts-Unknown Link to the north end of Indian Avenue in Salts Cave. The photo documentation effort continued On Friday, they worked on the Lantern Tour complete with lanterns Saturday Trips A party returned to south end of Pohl Avenue to the Pittsburgh Pits area They surveyed several small passages to add to the complexity of this sheet. Well Cave is a small cave near Diamond Cavern s The survey team began at the entrance and surveyed s everal side leads but left the main trunk passage for a later trip. One party went to Monroe Cave to try to connect to Roppel Cave. The two c aves are very close and a connection appears possible if the con-ect small passage is pushed. Several new lead s were found in the upper levels and the trio worked the western sections of the lower levels (the less promising regions) finding nothing new. A GPS of the entrance is planned, to allow better registration of the map with Roppel. Only one party entered Roppel on Saturday. They continued the survey of the upper levels of Death Canyon near the eastern end of the Fleeceway in Roppel Cave nearly completing the link with the AK Survey Saturday 's photo documentation effort focused on the Half-Day tour. Alan Wellhausen served as Camp Man a ger and ably provided excellent food Everyone pitched in well this MAY 2001 expedition Elizabeth Winkler and Rick Toomey were especially helpful with camp clo s ing functions. Survey Crews: Bedquilt Bob Osburn, Karen Willmes Elizabeth Winkler Mark Depoy ; Salts Mick Sutton Scott Bauer. Bill Baus, Rick Toomey; Doyle Valley Bob Osburn Scott Fee, Scott Parvin Wieslaw Klis ; Brucker Breakdown Jim Greer Sandra Schumann, Rick Nelson Sue Hagen Elizabeth Winkler, Charles Beima Rick Fowler ; Unknown-Salts Link Paul Hauck Richard Young Brad Blackburn Eric Wilson; Pittsburgh Pits Jim Greer, Rick Nelson Charle s Fox Scott Bauer ; Crystal Art Palmer Peggy Palmer Fred Schumann. Scott Fee ; Well Cave Dave West Karen Willmes Rick Toomey Elizabeth Winkler; Monroe Cave James Wells Don Coons Joel Despain Roppel: Connection Jame s Wells, Rick Olson, Dick Market John Feil; Snorkland Bill Koerschner Wieslaw Klis Ch a rles Fox ; North Downey Rick Olson Rick Toomey, Sandra Schumann; Historic Bill Koerschner, Fred Schumann, Chris Caswell; Opproximate Pete Crecelius, Peter Bosted, Randy Schriber; Death Canyon Bill Baus Kevin Downs Bill Napper Scott Cundiff; Geology Jim Borden Art Palmer, Peggy Palmer Narrative Description Mick Sutton Sue Hagen Stan Sides Chuck DeCroix; Ridgewalking Dave West, Rick Nel s on Eric Wilson, Chri s Caswell Photo Documentation I) Ann Bo s ted Peter Bosted Randy Schriber Scott Bauer, Anna Klis, Mariola Klis; 2)Ann Bo s ted Peter Bosted Alan Well hausen Charle s Fox Sheila Sands, Dave West Karen Willmes; 3) Ann Bosted, Peter Bosted Scott Parvin Scott Fee Eric Wilson, Brad Blackburn Richard Young Charles Beima Paul Hauck, Dave Weller New Years Expedition, December 29, 2000-January 1, 2001 Leaders, Paul & Monica Cannaley 22 people (16 caving) braved snowy weather to stage a productive 3-day expedition netting 841.1 feet of new survey and 1 816.9 feet of resurvey On Saturday, a party headed to Pitt s burg Pits near Ralph Stone Hall to gather data for survey books that had been lost. Other than dealing with the snow and a frozen lock at the Austin Entrance they had a successful trip with 234.8 feet of survey. A team worked on Coyote Crescent Cave and Dennison Ferry Pit for the small cave inventory project. They completed the biological inventory and achieved 204.8 feet of survey. Coyote Crescent is a talus cave with some solutional development. Dennison Ferry Pit is about twenty feet deep and dead-bottom Two crews traveled past Pry bar junction in Bedquilt Cave netting 1 306 6 feet of resurvey They called themselves the Fox and Chicks trip-six wom e n and Charles Fox 17


Sunday saw another crew at work in the Brucker Breakdown area, correcting two data errors a nd s urveying pa ssage off of Ralph Stone Hall. They completed 154.1 feet of r es urv ey and 45 feet of new s urvey prior to leaving the cave A crew went to D ogwoo d Cave to continue the survey and pus h l ea d s 247 feet of new s urvey was completed, and num ero u s l ea d s checked out. A ladder and a decent prybar will b e n ee d e d b efo re more work can be completed in this nice cave near the Hamilton Valley Re searc h Center. Some cavers hadn t gotten enough of Bedquilt on Saturday so they returned on Sunday 465 9 feet of complex pa ssage was completed before ske tcher burnout forced the crew out of the cave. As always with Mammoth Cave, more work remains! Phil DiBl asi, Jan M a rie Hemberger, and Shirley Fox provided o ut s t a nding food throughout the expedition. New Y ears Eve f o und mo st everyone in Adwell s Cave celebrating the tru e arrival of the new millennium. Monday morning found m ore s n ow a nd everyone out of camp early to make the l o n g trip s home Thank s to everyone who attended and made it a s u ccessful expedition. Pittsburgh Pit s Joyc e Hoffmaster Gre g Sholly Roger Smith, E ric Sikora; Coyote Crescent Cave and Denni so n Ferry Pit D ave Wes t Dou g Alderman, Rick Toomey ; Bedquilt -1) Elizabeth Winkler, Karen Willmes Shannon Smith Janice Tucker Courtney Sikora, Charles Fox; 2) Elizabeth Winkler, J oyce Hoffma s ter Greg Sholly, Courtney Sikora Erik Sikora Rick T oo mey; Bru c ker Breakdown Tom Brucker Roger Smith, J a nice Tucker Kar e n Willme s; Do gwoo d Cave Dave W est, Charles Fox Daniel Greger. Note : The February r eport was printed in the Ma y 200J issue. -Editor Spring Fling, April 20-22, 2001 Leader, Elizabeth Winkler Over 30 people attended the April expedition at Mamm o th Cave. Six parties were se nt into Unknown, Mamm oth, Diamond Caverns B ackyar d Cave, and Roppel. 1 29 7.4 feet was s urvey insid e the park ; 744.9 feet was r es urv ey; and 552 5 fee t was new s urv ey One party went into Mammoth Cave to fix odds and ends for the n early co mpl e t ed Blu e Spring Branch sheet. They resketched a problematic breakdown area along Roger 's Avenue and c h ec k e d leads th ere. The drain of Sarah Margaret's Dome s till n eeds t o be s urveyed but it will require wetsuits. The party went o n to r es k e tch in the area of Rhoda 's A rcade-"passage widths previously s hown as 20 + ft. wide were r ev i se d downwards t o 8 -10 ft. and a great deal of detai I added." They finished up the day by s urv eying a tie-in from the M/P survey off Silliman t o the old N s urvey. A party ente r ed via the e l eva t o r t o go t o the aptly-named E mil y's Puzzle. It is a thr ee -dim e n s ional m aze with leads everyw h e r e, and will r e quire patience according to the trip l e ad er. 1 8 In Unknown Cave a party went to Ralph Stone Hall to survey a newly-discovered pit. During the previous expedition, a rope was rigged to a natural bridge. The passage at the top of the rope climb ended in a large breakdown dome complex with a lot of sandstone boulders, fractured rock and popcornPopcorn Collapse Dome. Some leads remain to be pushed Two parties went to Roppel Cave One team went to the Dixie PO survey to climb the P04 dome, which is over 70 feet tall has a perennial waterfall, lots of wind, and is on the southern edge of Roppel. After 2 hours and 20 minutes of bolting the rigging was completed. There is a grim stretch of tight gnarly streamcrawl at the top of the waterfall, then it opens up and there are several ambiguous possible leads awaiting survey. Several cavers worked on continuing a promising dig in the lower level of Backyard Cave at Diamond Caverns At the dig site, they found an Orconectes crayfish in a shoe print. The dig continues, moves air and holds promise for further discovery-especially now that an albino crayfish has been found in the p assage. The diggers then joined the team beginning the survey of the main passage in Diamond Caverns In addition to the survey trips, a team went into Sides Cave very early Sunday morning and removed seven bags of rescue gear a nd left some new rescue supplies in Safety Dome. Janice and Carl Tucker served as camp managers and did an excellent job. The food was incredible, homemade and ample. They were assisted in the kitchen by Bonnie DeLong and Shirley Fox. Almost everybody in camp was helpful in the set up and clean up Paul Cannaley and Joyce Hoffmaster helped with the paperwork In addition, much work was done on the facility and grounds. Blue Spring Branch -Mick Sutton, Shannon Smith Charle s Fox, Matt Mezydlo ; Emily 's Puzzle -Bob Osburn Sue Hag a n Paul Cannaley Rick Nelson ; Ralph Stone Hall Bill Baus Steve Collins, Randy Schriber Dean Wiseman Roger Smith ; Roppel -1) Bill Koerschner Fred Schumann, Chris Caswell ; 2) Seamus Decker Dick Market Peter Zabrok; Diamond Caverns Stan Sides John DeLong Eric Wilson Alan Welhausen Bud Dillion; Sides Cave Janice Tucker Shannon Smith, Roger Smith, Matt Medydlo Memorial Day Expedition, May 25-38, 2001 Leader, Rick Toomey The 200 I Memorial Day expedition was a s uccess. 27 people were able to participate in the expedition. Included in thi s number were one new JV Bob Zimmerman ; a NPS Student Conservation Assistant (SCA), Liz Zenker ; and a longtime member who had not been up in a while Kathleen Womack Over the two days we were able to field 10 parties. One of these was a s urface GPS party attempting to get accurate location s for caves associated with Roppel Cave Jim Borden CRF NEWSLETTER


re-learned that shorts and sandals and ticks and brambles do not get along The other nine parties were in-cave trips One 6-person party went into Salts Cave to map in the Lower Salts Main Canyon. This party mapped about 930 feet of passage, of which about 325 feet was new survey. They found some interesting biology (salamander larvae and lots of crayfish) They also found that we should not send large people down to the J-survey in "Salts River" (or we might not get them back again). One group of four intrepid cavers went to Bat Cave to survey the B-survey (and to try to find Ganter Cave). As in previous years, vultures were nesting at the entrance. This party almost ran out of sketchers during their 209 foot survey. They took in a walking-wounded sketcher. Unfortunately, the drugs she had taken for her back interfered with her ability to sketch (although fortunately not with her ability to read instruments). The back-up sketcher found that he did not have the glasses that he thought were in their case. So, yet another party member ended up sketching. Although they were a long way into the cave, they still found evidence of past travel. Did earlier explorers enter through Bat or through Ganter? Who put the initials "BW" on the wall? A good time was had by all and at least none of them threatened to hurt the expedition leader when they returned. A party of four went on one of the slimiest Wilson Cave trips to date. They surveyed about 186 feet in wet sloppy mud upstream of Good for Crayfish and turned around when they reached the dome. The trip leader listed one of the hazards as "boot sucking mud"-he temporarily lost a boot in it. Teams went to Emily's Puzzle on both Saturday and Sunday. Over the two days they mapped more than 1400 feet. On Sunday they ran out of paper after 1000 feet of mapping. A party went to the Canal Zone in Roppel for a 26 hour trip. They made Roppel 711 feet longer They closed a loop that was tight, wet and miserable before traveling through the Grand Canal (200 feet long, 2 feet high with 10 inches of airspace) Past the Grand Canal they continued the previous survey to the dome complex A party will have to return with bolting and climbing gear to push the high canyon leads Again, everyone survived and nobody threatened to hurt the EL. On Sunday, three cavers continued the mapping of and expanding mapping opportunities in Dogwood Cave They completed survey of the then available cave. They then proceeded to make more cave available for survey. Another relatively easy trip for Sunday was the survey of Cyclop's Gateway (just off the Tourist Trail in Main Cave) 393.45 feet of walking passage. For those who had not been slimed enough or who had not crawled enough on Saturday, there was a trip to resurvey a crawl connecting Silliman's Avenue and Burley's Way. This resurvey hopefully, ftxed major loop closure problems. Speleofest and the Fisher Ridge Twentieth Anniversary celebration occurred on the same weekend, and several visitors came by Hamilton Valley. Fisher Ridge went over the 100 mile mark (by about 125 feet). MAY 2001 Diane Moore was an exceptional camp manager and extremely well organized. Janice Tucker assisted her. Bat Cave Erik Sikora, Elizabeth Winkler, Tom Brucker Bob Hoke ; Wilson Cave Da ve West Karen Willmes Kathleen Womack, Janice Tucker ; Salts Cave Mick Sutton Dave Moore, Danny Vann Courtney Sikora Joyce Hoffmaster Liz Zenker; Emily's Puzzle -1) Paul Cannaley Rick Olson, Dick Maxey Cheryl Early; 2) Paul Cannaley Dick Maxey, Cheryl Early Dave Moore; Roppel Bill Koerschner, James Wells, Bob Zimmerman Rick Nelson ; Surface GPS Jim Borden, Alan Wellhausen; Dogwood Cave Dave West ; Daniel Greger Erik Sikora; CycIop's Gateway Courtney Sikora, Mick Sutton Alan Wellhausen Bob Hoke ; Silliman's Avenue Janice Tucker, Joyce Hoffmaster Karen Willmes Danny Vann Guadalupes Fort Stanton Cave Memorial Day Weekend, May 26-28, 2001 By John J. Corcoran, III History Fort Stanton Cave is located in Lincoln County New Mexico and is situated in a forested area managed by the Bureau of Land Management. The cave entrance is at an elevation of 6 011 feet and is at the northwestern edge of the Lincoln Ridge system that is in a roughly triangular area of the Permian San Andreas Formation. The Rio Bonito and Rio Ruido so bound the triangle on the north and south. The triangle base is an approximately 10 mile north/south line with the point of the triangle about 20 miles east of the base Cavers have referred to this area as the Lincoln Plateau The area within the triangle varies between approximately 6,000 and 7,000 feet in elevation and is a system of hundreds of closely spaced ridges and valleys. On the north the area is bounded by the 10,000-foot high, east-west trending Capitan Mountains and to the southwest is the 12,000 foot Sierra Blanca extinct Volcano. Fort Stanton Cave, known to settlers since about 1855, has about 8 miles of surveyed passage and fits in a surface area about I mile east to west and two miles north to south. The terminus of all major passages is usually a breakdown with significant airflow. In the period between 1960 and the present, the known cave has been expanded by about 2 mile s through digging efforts. Airflow in the cave is usually strong enough to feel and sometimes up to 20 miles an hour in smaller passages in remote parts of the system on a good day. Bat Cave Dig The B at Cave dig is in the first breakdown in the Bat Cave passage and is intended to provide a horizontal bypas s around 19


the original dig that has developed a very unstable zone in the site #2 vertical dig Although the dig site that we are really intere s ted in is about Y2 mile into the Bat Cave Passage at Engle 's Other Hill, this trip s project site is only about 300 feet into Bat Cave at the first major breakdown that cannot currently be traveled due to unstable breakdown at the 1969 dig s ite of the original breakthrough The original (unstable) dig traver s e s the side of the breakdown until a vertical dig descended about 15 feet into the old stream channel and then into the Bat Cave trunk p as sage The airflow at the terminal breakdown has alway s been impressive and the Bat Cave Passage i s heading southwest away from the entrance and s omewhat parallel with the main trunk passages of the s outhern part of the cave system which are primarily oriented north/ s outh The current dig is a bypass that attempts to follow the low route around the base of the beakdown where the old stream channel i s blocked by fill. The total distance around the old s tream channel to a point on the other side where some open s pace i s vis ible when looking back towards the entrance is e s tim a ted at 45 to 50 feet. On this trip total progress was about 36 feet from the beginning of the stream channel dig (28 feet made on thi s trip) John J Corcoran ill and Dick Venters led the dig The dig ha s been enlarged into hands and knees crawl for the fir s t 25 to 28 feet and the la s t 6 to 8 feet are currently a low belly crawl. The airflow was fairly strong along the bypass route indicating that there i s significant open s pace a mong the rock s above the main dig level that is primarily in the s tream channel clay and dirt fill Participant s on thi s dig were: John J Corcoran ill, Dick Venters Greg Schauer Sam Bono, Jackie Horton Bob Pape E s ty Pape, Brett Cook Fred Luiszer Kenny Stabinski, Wayne Walker Nathan Dale Harvey Duchene and Kathy Duchene Priority 7 The Priority 7 dig project is actually two sites on the same breakdown in the northern part of the cave near the south end of Snowflake Pas s age The s e s ites are approximately 1 mile from the entr a nce and are reached by traveling down the Main Corridor pa s t 20 Step s into Conrad s Bra nch past Inscription Rock, pa s t Sewer Pipe through Skyscraper Domes Passage, through the decorated s oda s traw and s elenite needle crawls throu g h the twi s ted boulder crawl into Snowflake Pa ss age. Snowflake Pas s age i s a north/ s outh pa s sage that defines the northern limit of the cave. Snowflake Passage i s named for the deep layer s of c alcite raft s deposited by the large lake tha t partiaJly fills the p as sage during wet years. The lake is a bout 2, 500 feet long in a c a nyon pas s age that varie s in width from J 5 fee t to les s than 2 feet and anywhere from 35 feet high at the s outh e nd to a belly crawl at the far northern end. The terminu s of the Snowflake Passage is a very tight crawl named th e Rooterou s for the live roots coming into the roof. Water d e pth in Snowflake can be anywhere from small di s conn ec t e d puddle s to 10 fee t or more in the wette s t years. The lake drain s ver y s lowly through the s ump at the end of the cave and ac co rding to a dye trace don e during the J 980 s 2 0 drains into the Rio Bonito stream through Government Spring about half a mile further north in the Bonito valley. On this trip, in the northern end of the Main Corridor between Inscription Rock and Sewer Pipe there was a substantial amount of sticky mud and some standing water (enough to be over the tops of boots), so everybody got muddy and wet to some extent before reaching the dig sites. The water was fairly low in Snowflake Passage on this trip The digging teams enter Snowflake Passage through a higher level passage above the water level and the digging sites are about 100 feet into the Main Snowflake Passage on both sides of an extensive breakdown passage 15-20 feet above the water level, almost entirely filled with rocks clay and breccia On the right side of the breakdown is the crawl that starts out 7 feet wide and 4 feet high (named Priority 7), but quickly turns into a series of tight crawlways that extend almost 250 feet along the right side of the breakdown. The other side of the same breakdown is a passage named Snowflake #3 This passage is about 250 feet long and parallels Priority 7. Both passages are terminated in rock-filled breakdown where the digging sites are found. Both passages head east away from the known passage, perpendicular to the main trend of the whole cave system (north/south) and both have crossed under a small canyon are just starting into a major ridge system where there are some known blowholes, but no caves yet of any significance. The airflow in Priority 7 is truly impressive at times and only a little less impressive on the Snowflake #3 side. Both passages were the site of digging efforts in the 1970's Priority 7 is the most promising based on the total airflow and potential for fast digging progress. It is also the most hazardous particularly near the end in a place called menacing dome, where the 1970s diggers decided to abandon the dig due to the danger of a large boulder (Menacing Rock) that is wedged acro s s menacing dome and the series of very tight squeezes that take significant energy and time to traverse for most normal-sized cavers The Snowflake #3 passage dig is much safer but much harder digging due to large rocks cemented in place with hard packed clay. On this trip approximately 50 feet of progress was made in Priority 7 beyond the bottom of Menacing Dome. Lloyd Swartz led the Priority 7 effort and real progress was possible thanks to in particular to Lloyd Mich (?) Frazier, and Patricia Malone on the last day of the dig Gavin Corcoran led the Snowflake #3 dig and his team made about 5 feet of progress and enlarged the belly crawl to a hands and knees crawl. Participants on this dig were : Lloyd Swartz Shannon Corcoran Gavin Corcoran, Bob Pape, Chris Andrews, Duke McMullin, Carl Pagano, Brett Cook, Carrie Finn, AJlan Wright Lloyd Swartz Mich Frazier and Patricia Malone CRF NEWSLETIER


Fort Stanton CaveFairgrounds Restoration Project Memorial Day Weekend, 2001 by Barbe Barker, Trip Leader After foraging all of our restoration tools dental instruments, and hunting all over Alamogordo for collapsible buckets Lois Lyles and I met up with our regular restoration team at Fort Stanton Cave. Our assignment was to restore the area in the Fairgrounds Room which is lined with beautiful formations and cave pearls and to clean up infiltrated nearby areas that had previously been designed as delicate with blue and white flagging tape Day One: Georganne William Sonya Tim and Ken began cleaning out the pools, mud off the floo r and the cave pearl nests. (Lois and Jimmie headed to Lincoln Caverns for the day to do a restoration and rescue cache inventory project. Frank and Barbe started laying down the new trail markers and did recon on several areas for future restoration projects.) The Fairgrounds restoration area looked incredible even after the first day! Approximate area cleaned around blue tape: 48 square feet. Day Two: Georganne, William, Sonya and Tim went back to finish the area against the wall. Barbe Lois and Jimmie decided that the area just to the left of the main trail that had been marked with blue flagging would be a great 'education' area, i .e., restore part of it and the contrast with the area not restored would educate people as to what restoration is and how we impact the cave as we move through it. Underneath those layers of mud were incredibly beautiful formations! Flowstone, Rims, Rafts, Drip Holes! We even found some carbon-like particles. Later Frank and I asked John Corcoran about verifying that it is carbon and then carbon dating it. He MAY 2001 sa id he would check around and see who could/would do it but that it would have to come from a dry so urce The area was so beautiful that we didn t s top to ha ve an educational area We jus t cleaned and uncovered everything we had time to do. Approximate area cleaned up again the wall: 100 square feet. Participants: Georganne Payne William Pa y ne Sonya Boyd Tim Boyd Jinm1ie Worrell Lois Lyles Frank Everitt and Ken Scates A nice helectite in Spider Cave Address Corrections If you have changed phone number s (ie area code split), e-mail address, or have moved since 1999 please send your information to : Phil DiBlasi PO Box 126 Loui sv ille KY 40201-0126 This will help us se nd out a new and accurate a ddre ss list! 21


CAVE BOOKS Publications Affiliate of the Cave Research Foundation Web site: ISBN : 0-939748 SAN: 216-7220 Rev. 61200 1 CAVE BOOKS publications Faulkner The Prehistoric Native American Identifies NEW publications Art of Mud Glyph Cave 11. 95 hb Faust Saltpetre Mining in Mammoth Bridgemon & lindsely South China Caves 7.95 pb Cave 5.95 pb Bullitt Rambles in Mammoth Cave 5.95 pb Finkel Adequate Earth 5 95 pb Casteret Ten Years Under the Earth 6 95 pb Finkel Going Under, poems 5.95 pb Chevalier Subter r anean Climbers 6 95 pb Fletcher The Man from the Cave 9 .50 hb Conn & Conn The Jewel Cave Adventure 8 95 pb George Mummies, Catacombs, & Mammoth Cave 16 .50 pb Courbon et al. Atlas : Great Caves of the World 20 .00 pb George Mummies of Short Cave, KY. 4.50 pb Crowther et al. The Grand Kentucky Junction 12 50 pb George New Madrid Earthquake at Mammoth Cave 3 .00 pb Davidson & Bishop Wilderness Resources MCNP 3 .00 pb George Prehistoric Mummies from the DeJoly Memoirs of a Speleologist 10 95 hb 6 95 pb Mammoth Cave Area 10.95 pb Exley Caverns Measureless to Man Griffin listening in the Dark (Bats) 6 .00 pb 125 .00 limited ed, 32 50 hb, 21.50 pb Halliday Floyd Collins of Sand Cave 4.95 pb Farr The Darkness Beckons (Revised) 37 95 hb Hill Geology of Carlsbad Caverns 15.00 pb Revised edition supplement 4.25 pb Hill & Forti Cave Minerals of the World 70.00 hb Heslop The Art of Caving 10.00 pb Kerbo Batwings and Spider Eyes 8.00 pb Lawrence & Brucker The Caves Beyond 10.95 pb Kurten The Cave Bear Story 9 95 hb McConnell Emergence a novel 19 95 hb 10 95 pb Kurten Single Tusk : A Novel of the Ice Age 14.95 hb Moore & Sullivan Speleology : Caves and the Cave Environment Long Rock Jocks, Wall Rats and Hang Dogs 11.00 pb 21.95 hb 15 95 pb McClurg Adventure of Caving 14 95 pb Northup et al. A Guide to Speleological literature of the McEachern & Corps of Engineers Inventory and English Language 1794-1996 Grady Evaluation, Calveras County, CA. 3 .00 pb 34.95 hb 24. 95 pb Murray & Brucker Trapped : Floyd Collins 19.00 pb Nymeyer Carlsbad Caves and a Camera 11. 95 pb Noswat Maws: Death In Big Cave National Palmer A Geological Guide to Mammoth Monument 3 .00 pb Cave National Park 6 95 pb Nowak Walker's Bats of the World 19 95 pb Reames et al. Deep Secrets : The Discovery and NSF Ensueno Cave Study 5.00 pb Exploration of Lechuguilla Cave NSF Fountain N P Study 5.00 pb 32.95 hb, 24.95 pb NSS Cave Rescue Techniques 13.50 pb Sides Guide to Surface Trails of NSS Caving Basics 10.00 pb Mammoth Cave National Park 5 95 pb NSS Cumberland Caverns 8 95 pb Steele Yochib : The River Cave 10 95 pb NSS Ogle Cave Symposium 3.00 pb Watson P. Archeology of Mammoth Cave Area 24 95 pb Padget On Rope 30.00 hb Watson R Caving 3 .00 pb Palmer Jewel Cave: Gift of the Past 8.95 pb Watson, R et al. CRF Origins and the First Twelve Palmer Wind Cave : World Beneath the Hills 8.95 pb Years 1957-1968 12 .00 pb Poulin Cave Dwellers poems 18.95 hb Wilmes Karen CRF Personnel Manual 10.00 pb Prosser & Grey Cave Diving Manual 25 .00 pb Rother H. & C Lost Caves of St. Louis 9.95 pb MAPS Siffre Les Animaux des Gouffres et des Cavernes 7.95 hb Carlsbad Caverns 2.00 Sloane Cavers, Caves and Caving 9.95 hb Kaemper Map (ca. 1907) of Mammoth Cave 3 .00 Speleo-Projects Lechuguilla Jewel of the Underground 56 .00 hb Lee Cave Mammoth Cave National Park 4 .00 Steward Tales of Dirt, Danger, and Darkness 8 95 pb Mammoth Cave Groundwater Basin Map (Quinlan) 5 .00 Taylor Cave Passages 15 .00 hb Mammoth Cave Map Card 1 50 Taylor Dark Life 12.00 hb Mammoth Cave Poster Map 3 .00 Turner The Vampire Bat 10 .00 hb Mammoth Cave Poster Map (Collector s Edition) 25 .00 Valli & Summers Shadow Hunters : The Nest Ogle Cave 1 50 Gatherers of Tiger Cave 24.95 hb Slaughter Canyon Cave Carlsbad Caverns N P 1 50 Watson, P Prehistory of Salts Cave 9 95 pb 8 h International Congress Poster 2.00 Watson, R. Niagara a novel 19 95 hb Watson, R. Under Plowman s Floor, a novel 7.95 hb Williams Blue Crystal, a novel 19 95 hb Other publishers ORDERING INFORMATION Ackerman The Moon by Whale light 19.95 hb Anderson Cave Exploring 3.00 pb Send Orders To: Black I Don t Play Golf 12 95 hb CAVE BOOKS, 4700 Amberwood Dr., Dayton, 08 45424 Borden & Brucker Beyond Mammoth Cave 26.95 pb Email orders: Brucker & R. Watson The Longest Cave (new edition) 24.95 hb 17 95 pb M ake checks payable to: CAVE BOOKS Callot, F.-M & Y. Photographier sous Terre 20 .00 hb Carstens & P Watson Of Caves and Shell Mounds 28 95 pb Culver et al. Adaptation and Natural Postage & Handling: Selection in Caves 39 95 hb $3.00 for the first book $.75 for each additional book Dash er On Station 17 .00 hb $3.00 for one to ten maps or map cards rolled in one tube De Paepe Gunpowder from Mammoth Cave 4.50 pb Outside USA double postage


2001 EXPEDITION CALENDAR Before attending any expedition, you must contact the expedition leader as trip sizes may be limited. Failure to contact the leader may prevent you from attending the expedition as the trip may be full. MAMMOTH CAVE August, 10-12 JoyceHoffmaster,937-890-3679, Labor Day, August 31-September 3, Bob Osburn, 314-984-8453, Columbus Day, October 5-8, Chris Groves 270-777-1891, Thanksgiving Day, James Borden, New Years, December 28-31, Paul and Monica Cannalley, 317-862-5618, All Eastern Operation s CRF member s who have not a ttended an expedition safety orientation must do so before participating in expedition activities The safety orientation is scheduled at the beginning of each expedition af ter the morning meeting Those who have attended one safety orientation are not required to participate in another. New members should arrange to be at the expedition early enough to attend the orientation. Those who do not attend will not be allowed to participate in expedition activities. Contact expedition leader for more details about the orientation OZARKS Please contact: Scott House, 314-282-3246 for caving in the Ozarks. Fitton trips are limited to 16 persons. August 18-19, Ozark N.S.R.lPowder Mill Creek CavelBig Cave September 8-9 Ozark N S. R.lPowder Mill Creek Cave GUADALUPES Carlsbad Caverns National Park Contact Barbe Barker, Area Manager Labor Day Weekend, August 31-September 3 Thanksgiving Weekend, November 21-25 CKKC Roppel Cave, Kentucky As a result of the partnership between CRF and Central Kentucky Karst Coalition (CKKC), CRF cavers are welcome to participate in Roppel Cave Project trips For more infor mation on trip schedule contact Jim Borden at CRF Annual Meeting October 19 (tentative), Tucson, Arizona, Contact Pat Kambesis, 309-762-3860, MAY 2001 CALIFORNIA Lilburn I Mineral King August 4-5, Lilburn, Damion Grindley, 707-433-5643, August Il-12, Mineral King, Jeff Cheraz, 626-359-2050, m Labor Day Weekend, September 1-3, Mineral King, Jeff Cheraz, 626-359-2050, September 22-23 or 29-30 Mineral King, Bill Frantz, 408-356-8506, Check with leader for which dates the weather permits. October 6-8, Lilburn, Peter Bosted, 650-234-9966, Veterans Day Weekend, November 10-12, Lilburn, John Tinsley, 650-329-4928, and Paul Nelson, 909-869-7623, Lava Beds September 1-3, Bill Devereaux, 541-594-2211 x166, October 6-8, Bill Devereaux, 541-594-2211 x166, m & Cindy Heazlit November 22-25, Janet Sowers, 510-236-3009, & Kings Canyon Annual Planning Meeting January,S, 2002, site to be announced, Mike Spiess, 559-434 3321, Lincoln National Forest! Capitan Peak Study Area October 8-12, Dick Venters, Expedition Leader, 505-892-6121, HSS/CRF Hawaii Caving Big Island Contact Pat Kambesis, 309-762-3860, China Caves Project Guizhou Province Four-to-six-week trips are run every other year Contact Ian Baren, Project Coordinator, 914-478-5133, 23


CAVE RESEARCH FOUNDATION 6304 Kaybro Street Laurel, MD 20707-2621 ADDRESS SERVICE REQUESTED GEOPGE VENI 11304 CANDLE PARK SAN ANTONIO TX 78249-4421 Non-Pro/it Org US Postage PAID Spencerville, MD Permit 524

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