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Cave Research Foundation newsletter

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Cave Research Foundation newsletter
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Cave Research Foundation newsletter
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CRF newsletter
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Cave Research Foundation
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Cave Research Foundation
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Resource Management ( local )
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Contents: Lilburn Cave 30 kilometers and going, and going, and going .... -- A note from the editor -- Conferences and Meetings: CRF annual member's meeting -- HV land management symposium -- The Ninth Mammoth Cave Science Conference -- Cave safely: how to deal with hypothermia / Charles Fox -- Hamilton Valley capital campaign update -- Mike Yocum / Bernie Szukalski -- Twice in the same trip / Bill Baus -- Cave restoration and survey at Carlsbad Cavern: Memorial Day weekend, 2002 / Bill Payne -- Being an outdoor woman training the staff / Sue Hagan and Mick Sutton -- Lilburn Cave and the Redwood Canyon karst / John Tinsley -- Lilburn Memorial Day expedition, 2002 / Peter Bosted -- Eastern Operation Reports: New Years, December 28-31, 2001 / Expedition Leaders, Paul and Monica Cannaley -- St Patrick's Day, March 15-17, 2002 / Expedition Leaders, Erik and Courtney Sikora -- Spring, April 19-21, 2002 / Expedition Leaders, Mick Sutton and Sue Hagan -- CRF address list -- Memorial Day, May 24-27, 2002 / Expedition Leaders, Rick Toomey and Elizabeth Winkler -- Ozark trips, October 2001-June 2002 / Mick Sutton -- 2002 Expedition calendar.
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Vol. 30, no. 3 (2002)
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CAVE RESEARCH FOUNDATION QUARTERLY NEWSLETTER LILBURN CAVE SEPTEMBER 2002 Volume 30, NO.3 30 KILOMETERS AND GOING, AND GOING, AND GOING ..... See article on page 12

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CRF NEWSLETTER Volume 30, No 3 established 1973 All material for submission should be sent to : Lois Lyles, Content Editor 11701 LaCueva Ln NE Albuquerque NM 87123 505-296-5818 The CRF Newsletter is a quarterly publication of the Cave Research Foundation a non-profit organization incorpor a ted in 1957 under the laws of Kentucky for the purpose of furthering research conservation and education a bout caves and karst. Newsletter Submissions & Deadlines : Original articles and photographs are welcome If intending to jointly submit material to another publica tion please inform the CRF editor Publication cannot be guaranteed, especially if submitted elsewhere All material is subject to revision unless the author specifically requests otherwise To assure timely publication, please adhere to these deadlines : March issue by January I June issue by April I September issue by July 1 December issue by October 1 Before submitting material please see publication guidelines at: www.cave-research org NEWSLETTER STAFF: Layout and Production : Paul Nelson Solicitation of Materials : Elizabeth Winkler Mailing : Bob Hoke 2002 Cave Research Foundation Cave Research Foundation Board of Directors Rick Toomey President Phil DiBlasi Personnel Officer Chuck Pease International Exploration Chair Peter Bosted Mick Sutton Joel Despain Pat Kambesis Richard Maxey Officers Paul CannaleyTreasurer Elizabeth Winkler-Secretary Operations Council Barbe Barker (Guadalupes) Scott House(Ozarks) Jan e t Sowers (Lava Beds) Dave West (Eastern) John Tinsl e y (Sequioa / Kings Canyon) For information about the CRF contact: Rickard Toomey !II CRF President K artc hner Ca v erns St a te P a rk 520-586-4138 POBox 1 8 49 fax 520-586-4113 Ben s on AZ 8560 2 2 A NOTE FROM THE EDITOR As you can see, this issue deviates from the norm visually. This is due to Paul Nelson needing a break, and Elizabeth Winkler stepping into the fray to make this newsletter come out on time. Thanks to everyone who has been wonderful about getting articles submitted on time (or even early) and the abundance of photos! This issue contains one of those rarities in caving : a trip report from CRF Southwest Area. Yes, it's true there is survey being done in Carlsbad Caverns, and a ton of restoration work, to boot. Since I am a regular at Carlsbad, you'll be seeing more information about goings-on out here in Guads Country. There's a new department called "Caving Safely with an interesting (and thorough) article on hypothermia. In this issue we also must say a sad farewell to CRF Fellow Mike Yocum, who passed away recently Good caving! Lois ADDRESS CORRECTIONS If you have changed phone number (ie area code split), e-mail address or have moved please send your information to: Phil DiBlasi PO Box 126 Louisville,KY 40201-0126 THE CRF WEBSITE www. cave-research.org Contact your operations manager for the user id and password for the members-only section of the site Lilburn trip photo caption Here are the Memorial Day expedition members in front of the cabin in Redwood Canyon just after Lilburn passed 30 km. The people in the photo are (L to R) Front row: Ann Bosted Peter Bosted (leader) Middle row : Kristin Ankie w icz Howard Hurtt Amanda Grindley Carol Vesely, Charlie Hotz Joel Despain Shane Fryer. Back row : Brent Ort Lynne Jesaitis Jed Mosenfelder Chuck Lee Shireen Rahnema Roger Mortimer Brad Hacker Kate Despain

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3 CONFERENCES AND MEETINGS CRF ANNUAL MEMBER'S MEETING The Cave Research Foundation's Annual Member's Meeting will be held the weekend of November 8-10, 2002 at CRF's Hamilton Valley facility. The meeting will be hosted by Eastern Operations and the Hamilton Valley Committee. The weekend's activities will start on Friday evening November 8th with a mixer at the Hamilton Valley facility from 7-10 pm. Saturday morning there will be work or recreation trips scheduled to area caves. More details will be posted on our website. Saturday evening a banquet will be catered by CRF's premier chef, Alan Wellhausen. A program will follow the banquet. Cost of the banquet is $20.00. Proceeds will go to the HamiltonValley fund. On Sunday morning the Annual Meeting will be held from 9am noon. All CRF members are welcome and encouraged to attend. Sunday afternoon CRF members may visit the ACCA museum in Horse Cave with a trip into Hidden River Cave to follow. The deadline for Annual Meeting registration is October 30. Bunkhouses will be available to CRF membcrs for $8 00 per night. Reserve early as space is limited Reservations must be made for the banquet and meeting as well. Additional details and a schedule of activities will be posted on the CRF website : www.cave-research.org For info and reservations, contact Pat Kambesis at or 270-773-8955 HV LAND MANAGEMENT SYMPOSIUM In conjunction with the CRF Annual Meeting (November 8-10), a symposium will be held on Landscaping for a Karst Resource. This will be a discussion of Hamilton Valley land management concerns and strategies. Topics for discussion: *Prospects and strategies for cave exploration below Hamilton Valley: Possibilities, Prohibitions, and Prescriptions *Sinkhole inventories Long term goals for managing surface vegetation Archeological, historical, paleontological, geological, biological, economic and philosophical concerns for surface and subsurface management *Current projects *Prescribed bums and other strategies for land management *Stepping on the daisies, rattlesnakes, beetles, bobcats, and other broader concerns for managing property within an International Biosphere Reserve We anticipate a series of 15-20 minute presentations on various narrower aspects, with ample time for discussion If you are interested in making a presentation, please contact: Sue Hagan or Mick Sutton at 573/546-2864 or THE NINTH MAMMOTH CAVE SCIENCE CONFERENCE Mammoth Cave National Park (MCNP) held its first Science Conference in 1990. Over the past years, the conference has grown in both attendance and in subject matter. This multi-disciplinary conference has become an excellent forum in which park and area researchers update their projects and exchange ideas As in past years, the conference will be co-sponsored by MCNP and CRF. This year's conference will be held at the park's Training Center Thursday, October 10, and Friday, October 11,2002 in conjunction with CRF's Columbus Day Expedition. Past conferences have been relaxed and informal. As we see no reason to break this productive tradition, speakers will have up to 30 minutes to present their work, followed by a ten minute question and answer period. Those who have attended past conferences know to expect a wide variety of topics, ranging from archeology, botany, aquatic and terrestrial ecology, geology and hydrology, to cave conservation, and historical and social research. For more information, contact: Joe Meiman, Conference Coordinator P .O. Box 7 Mammoth Cave, Kentucky 42259 phone:270-758-2137

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4 CAVE SAFELY: HOW TO DEAL WITH HYPOTHERMIA By Charles Fox Editor's Note : This is the first posting of a new column by Charles Fox, Eastern Operations Safety Officer. Human beings are tropical animals, poorly adapted to life underground One of the many indignities we heap upon ourselves by entering a cave is the cold wet environment. Failing to adequately protect ourselves from the cold is uncomfortable at best and can be life threatening when things go wrong The body must maintain a core temperature of about 98 6 F. to function properly. When it drops below that a condition called hypothermia sets in. The body loses heat in through 5 different heat exchange mechanisms : Conduction convection radiation evaporation and respiration. In conduction, the body loses heat by direct contact with a cooler object. Heat tends to migrate from an object ofa higher temperature to one ofa lower temperature that is in contact with it. In the case of a caver, our bodies donate heat to the cold rocks and mud we are sitting or lying on. Conduction generally accounts for only about 2% of the heat loss we experience However, water conducts heat away from the body faster than air so loss through conduction increases five fold when clothing is wet. In convection, we lose heat to cooler air or water moving across the surface of the body In air this occurs mainly over areas of uncovered skin. The rate of heat loss by convection depends upon both the density and velocity of the moving sub stance. Thus we will chill more rapidly in a draft versus in still air and lose heat about 25 times faster when immersed in water than when we are on dry land We lose heat through radiation when the ambient temperature is cooler than our body temperature This is similar to conduction except that the cooler "object is the air instead of a solid or a liquid Evaporation is heat loss through the removal of liquids from the surface of the body through vaporization Our bodies contribute heat to the evaporating liquids. This becomes a factor when we become wet either through perspiration or contact with a wet environment, and then are exposed to air. Finally we lose heat through respiration. Our body heats each breathe of air we take and we lose some of that heat when we exhale the warmed air. Once we begin to lose heat more rapidly than our bodies are making it, we progress towards hypothermia unti I the heat loss is reversed. How rapidly this progresses depends upon the environmental conditions that are causing the heat loss. The stages of hypothennia a re : *Impending Hypothermia: The body's core temperature has decreased to about 97 F The person will feel chilly and begin to shiver. Skin numbness, minor impairment in muscular performance, and poor coordination may be noticed. *Mild Hypothermia : The person has now become a victim of hypothermia. The core temperature has dropped to 97-95 F. Violent shivering, more obvious lack of coordination, slow stumbling pace, difficulty speaking, mild confusion and apathy feelings of deep cold and numbness, and the skin pale and cold to touch will all be observed. *Moderate Hypothermia: The victim's core temperature has now dropped to 95 93 F. Gross muscular uncoordination with frequent stumbling and falling, inability to use hands mental sluggishness with slow thought and speech will be observed. Finally, the shivering stops, accompanied by a severe lack of coordination with stiffness and inability to walk or stand, incoherence, confusion and irrationality. *Severe Hypothermia: The victim's core temperature is now below 93 F. The skin is cold and may be bluish-gray in color. The eyes may be dilated The victim is very weak and displays a marked lack of coordination and slurred speech Extreme lethargy sets in accompanied by a desire to sleep. The victim appears exhausted and may appear to be drunk Many people deny that a problem exists at this stage and may resist help. There is a gradual loss of consciousness. Eventually, there may be little or no apparent breathing, and the victim may be very rigid, unconscious and may appear to be dead. Note: There are a number of different tables of the "stages of hypothermia" in existence They differ slightly in the number of stages and the exact core temperatures for each. Remember that hypo thermia is a steady progression not a series of distinct stages These "stages should be treated as snapshots along a steady downward spiral. The best means of dealing with hypothermia is to avoid it. This calls for careful pre-planning prior to caving. Our first line of defense is to have the proper clothing for the conditions we 'll be facing. Ifwe're going to be taking a wet cave trip, we need

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to select clothing and equipment that can keep us adequately warm in wet conditions. For trips involving exposure to wetness, but not constant immersion, select clothing that retains its insulating ability when wet. Wool is a good choice; wet wool retains most of its insulating properties. Some synthetics, such as polypropylene and polartec, also retain their ability to insulate when wet. In addition, polypro underwear will wick perspiration and other moisture away from the skin, reducing heat loss through evaporation. Consider the purpose of your trip when packing. A trip to survey a small crawlway will probably involve spending much of your trip lying on a cold cave floor. Many cavers carry an extra shirt in their packs to put on when the party reaches its survey location. In addition, pack a balaclava or cap. Our heads contain a large number of blood vessels just under the scalp. We lose up to 75% of our total heat by way of radiation through the top of our heads (You mother was right when she yelled at you to wear a hat in cold weather!) A lightweight hat adds surprisingly to our comfort. A fifty-gallon plastic garbage bag should be considered an essential addition to your cave pack. It weighs almost nothings and has multiple uses. It can be used as a ground cloth or worn when surveying damp passages. By using it as a vapor barrier and keeping clothing dry, we will stay warmer. A garbage bag also makes a very good emergency raincoat when exiting the cave in cooler weather into an unexpected rainstorm A plastic garbage bag used with a heat source makes an effective emergency warming tent to prevent or treat mild hypothermia. Wom with a hole for the head and a heat source under the bottom, a lot ofheat can be gathered quickly. A carbide light is the perfect caving furnace: It produces a lot of heat, is easily used, nearly indestructible and works well in wet conditions. Electric cavers should carry candles or other heat sources. Plumbers' candles or oLlIer fat candles work best because of their relatively long burn time. If you're considering using a chemical heat pack instead, you will want to test one outside of the cave first. My experience is that most of these chemical packs are severely deficient in the amount of useful heat they produce. You might also consider packing a small emergency space blanket. These blankets weigh only a few ounces and fold in to a packet about the size of a deck of cards. This could be used with a garbage bag as an extra layer of insulation or as a ground cloth/vapor barrier. For trips requiring long periods of immersion, nothing beats a wet suit. These garments are made of neoprene rubber and provide adequate insula5 tion for long periods of complete immersion in cold water. The down side of a wet suit is that they are very hot out of the water so plan carefully when and where you don your wetsuit. Another important consideration in avoiding hypothermia is having adequate food and water on hand. Dehydration increases susceptibility to hypothermia, so be sure to carry plenty of water for your trip. Planning your meals to have a good variety offoods is important. Carbohydrates are released into the blood stream quickly for sudden /briefheat surges These are best used for quick energy intake, especially for mild cases of hypothermia. However, they are poor at providing sustained energy. Proteins are more slowly released and provide heat over a longer period of time. The energy in fats is slowly released over a long period of time However, it takes more energy and water to break fats down, which can lead to increased dehydration A good caving diet will balance all of these items. In addition, carrying a heat tab adds little weight to your cave pack and allows you to have a hot meal, providing extra warmth along with the food. The treatment of impending or mild hypothermia is not complicated. Encourage the victim to stay active. Wet clothes should be removed and replaced with dry clothing or clothing that retains its insulating ability when wet. Providing the victim with a balaclava can help quite a bit. The victim should drink some warm sugary fluids, both to rehydrate and to provide quick energy. Carrying a heat tab and a can of fruit as part of your cave meal prepares you to help the victim at need Finally, a victim of even mild hypothermia should be evacuated from the cave before the problem becomes serious. Do NOT give the victim alcohol to drink. Alcohol causes the blood vessels in the skin to dilate increasing heat loss. Avoid coffee and other caffeinated beverages These are diuretics and will contribute to dehydrating the victim further. The victim should also avoid smoking since nicotine is a vasoconstrictor and can increases risk of frostbi teo A victim of moderate hypothennia should be removed or insulated from the cold environment, keeping the head and neck covered. Wet clothing should be removed and replaced or added to with dry clothing. Rewann the victim in a garbage bag with a heat source or by some other available means. As with mild hypothermia, the person should drink warm, sugary fluids. As quickly as possible, remove the victim from the cave. A physician should see the patient.

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A victim of severe hypothermia must be treated very gently Rough handling can induce cardiac arr e st a t this stage Cold clothing should be cut away and replaced with warm, dry clothing Place the patient in a garbage bag with I or 2 other people Skin to skin contact in the areas of the ch e st and neck is effective in restoring warmth. Try to keep the patient awake ignore pleas of "Leave m e alone I'm OK." Apply mild heat with the aim of stopping temperature drop not rewarming. IMPORT ANT: Heat must be applied to the core of the body not to the extremities. Warming the victim s arms and legs before rewarming the core can actually cause the cool blood in the arms and legs to circulate into the body's core further reducing the victim's temperature. However any first aid you can perform in the cave is unlikely to cau s e this afterdrop I f the patient has lost consciousness check for pul s e at the carotid artery If there is any breathing or pul se no matter how faint do not give CPR but keep very close watch for changes in vital signs. If no pul s e i s found begin CPR immediately stopping onl y w h e n the heart begins to beat or the person applying CPR cannot carryon any longer without endangering him or herself Finally evacuate the vic tim a s quickly a s possible Hospitalization is needed for all cases of severe hypothermia Hypothermia is a serious potentially life thr e atening condition Fortunately most problems can b e avoided by proper trip planning: 6 *Have an adequate amount of the right kind of clothing for the trip you re taking Stay as dry as possible *Dress in layers and add a layer when activity slows down or stops *Carry adequate food and water *Have a few simple items along to prevent or treat for mild hypothermia: A garbage bag and a heat source, an emergency blanket, water an extra dry shirt and hat *Be aware of the early warning signs and leave the c a ve when the problem begins Cave safely! Note to the reader : The information included in this article is food for thought and is not intended to be medical advice. Hypothermia cases should be treated by a physician as soon as possible More information about hypothermia can be obtained on the following web sites which were the main sources of information used in writing this article : www.adventuresports.com/asap/ski / skihypo htrnl www sarbc.org/hypol.htrnl www lexicomm com/views / features/hypo.htrnl www.cdc.gov/niosh / nasd/docs5 / nj98005.htrnl HAMILTON V ALLEY CAPITAL CAMPAIGN UPDATE A s you probably know since the end of December 2001, we have been conducting a capital campaign to eliminate the l as t of the debt on the Hamilton Valley facility at Mammoth Cave. Due to increased construction costs, w e had to borrow $60 000 to complete the building To date the campaign has raised almost $24,000. In addition, $21,000 has b e en paid out of Hamilton Valley rental income. Thus we have paid approximately $44,000 of the loan, which included $7 500 in interest payments The remaining balance i s just over $22,000. So here is the final challenge: if each of the remaining 450+ members who have not had the opportunity to donate would donate at this time $47 one dollar for each year that CRF has been active, the debt will be retired (this figure includes of course continued payments from HV rental income) Please send donations to our treasurer Paul Cannaley at 4253 Senour Road Indianapolis, IN 46239-9437. Donations can be made by check or credit card All donations are tax deductible. Please contact me at v i f y ou have any questions a bout Hamilton Valley or the campaign ( See picture back cover) Fin a lly I would like to thank the following people who have already donated to the campaign : J ac k Fr ee m a n B ev erl y Toomey B ill B a u s Dick M axe y W a rren Pru es s St a n a nd Kay Sides Bill Putn a m H aze l B a rton D o n Bla ck Bob E g g er s Veda Dep a ep e Bill & Peri Frantz G r eg S h olly J a n e t L evy J ea nn e Gurn ee Ad o lph Full e r Tom Grant Bob a nd Cynthi a Thurner Br ad l ey H a cker C h arles Bri c k ey C h e ryl Ea rl y Don Fink e l Tern Horn a day Bru R a nd all & Barb Sh o mer C hu c k P ease Chu c k S w edlund E d Kla u s n e r Jim Gree r D a vid Cowa n Charle s & Seda Chavdaria n J e ff B ra d y b a u g h E l iza b e th W i nkl e r John L y l es Hill a ry L a mb e rt Steve Collin s Ch a rle s & Shirley Fox J o hn M cin ty r e J eff M iddl e t o n J ohn Thraikill Joy c e Hoffmast e r Tim Sch a f s t all Ernst & K a r e n Kastning J oe l D espain D a niel Grege r J o hn St ell mack K a r e n Willm es Rick Toome y Ralph & Jenn y Earlandson Larry Pur s ell Mik e N a rdacci N o rb e rt Welch P e t e r C r e celiu s Rob e rt a Burn e s Roger & Sh a nnon Smith R o n Wilso n Sco tt C undi ff Tere sa & J ohn Ru ssin Willi a m C St e ph e n s

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7 MIKE YOCUM by Bernie Szukalski It is with much sadness that I am informing the CRF membership of the passing of Mike Yocum. Mike was very active with CRF Eastern Operation ; however, many CRF members here in the West have met Mike or have been familiar with his involvement in a variety of CRF acti vities. At one time Mike served as Eastern Area Operations Manager and was a frequent participant for many years on CRF expeditions at Mammoth Cave National Park (MCNP). Mike w as Director of the CRF's Educational Resource Development Program and was involved in a cooperative agreement with MCNP to film video footage. This foot a ge would be incorporated into the Parks' Division of Interpretation and Visitor Services as part of a display housed in the main Visitor Center. Under Mike's direction the ERDP also published a series of maps for Mammoth Cave. Photo by Bernie Szukalski Mike was also the Director of the CRF GIS Resources Development Program, which he esta blished to provide GIS support, consultation and resources for a variety of projects, including maps of Mammoth Cave an archaeological investigation of the Collins property on Hint Ridge Lilburn Cave, and other projects. Mike was also the CRF liaison to MCNP for the process of transferring CRF digital cave survey data to the Park's database Mike had recently completed renovating a house he bought a while ago and one of the features was a computer/GIS lab in his basement where he would work away on various projects Beyond his involvement with CRF activities, Mike was active in numerous other caving and cave-related projects, and had been coordinating the survey and mapping effort s a t Hidden River Cave. Mike's vision, energy, support, and dedication seemed boundless, without which these (and many other projects) would not have been successful or even gotten off the ground. Mike passed away on Friday, May 17, just 4 days after being diagnosed with lung cancer. I think surely he must have sensed something was wrong, perhaps felt discomfort as the cancer silently progressed, butit would not have been Mike's nature to complain I was fortunate enough to have known, caved, and worked with Mike over the p as t 5 years. Just a couple of weeks ago we had talked about getting together for another caving trip I just can t believe he's gone so suddenly I will miss his his good nature, his laugh and his friendship deeply The caving community will sense his loss in these and many other ways too Note : Mike will be missed by all the cavers who had the opportunity to cave and work with him. His passion for the many projects on which he worked was obvious, and CRF is committed to continue with his work. In conjunction with Mike's family, CRF is setting up a fund in his name to continue the projects to which Mike was dedicated. For more information about both financial contributions and other ways to carryon Mike's work, please contact Pat Kambesis at

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8 TWICE IN THE SAME TRIP by Bill Balls Several years ago I was sent on a CRF survey trip to Roppel. There were 6 of u s, but we s plit into 2 groups of 3. Mike Yocum was the party l eader of my group a nd we pro cee ded wi th a routine s urvey Thi s was the fir s t time I had s urv eye d with Mike so I was n o t prepared for the experience. Mo s t cavers are unconv e ntional but Mike was unique even by caver s t a ndards. I have often been called compulsive in the o r ganizatio n a nd care of m y equipment, but I'm not in the sa m e l eague as Mik e He also h a d a love affair with a plastic dip product which I later dubbed Yocumite His pack was an old canvas army field phone bag which he h a d s ubdivided into tin y individual comp a rt m ents so that every individual piece h a d it s own s pa ce mu c h lik e so me fishing-tackle box es The entire pack was coa ted in Yocumite, making it se mi-rigid and t o t a lly imp e rmeable to liquid or gas. Midway through o ur s urvey we s topped for food a nd f o r Mik e to change his carbide. I was sta nding about 10 feet from Mike who was sea ted on the floor as he ope n ed his gas proof p ac k a nd bent ove r it with his s till o p e ratin g carbide light o n his head I think mo s t of you hav e g ue ssed what happened next. KABOOMM!!! The brilliant blue and o r a n ge tlash was s pectacular as was th e all-encompassing so und echoing in the narrow cave canyons The other 3 people, a couple thousand feet a way heard it clearly, though didn't know what it was. Amazingly, neither Mike nor anyone else wa s seriously injured. Even more amazing, his pla s ticized canvas pack was still intact. After our adrenaline subsided enough for our hands to s top shaking, we continued to s urvey L a ter we could hear the other people exiting the cave, and since our threesome was movin g much more slowly tha n th eirs, I asked Mike if it was OK for me to catch up with them since my stuff was in their car. I got at least a thou sa nd feet ahead of Mike through narrow twi s ting canyon when another loud KABOOMM!! rumbled through the cave. Oh my God he s done it aga in ," I thought. I then h a d a debate with myself, trying to co nvince myself that it would be OK to exit the cave ass uming no one was injured this time eit her. My prudent s ide won th e debate a nd I reluctantly returned to assist in case if injur y Of course, Mike was fine, except for being a bit s haken and embarra sse d a nd his a mazin g pla s tic coated pack was still intact. As a result of the wait, I had to ride back without my stuff, but in hindsight, the experience of h avi n g Mike blow up hi s pack twice in the sa me trip was well worth the inconvenience. CAVE RESTORATION AND SURVEY AT CARLSBAD CAVERN: MEMORIAL DAY WEEKEND, 2002 By Bill Payne I ca n t think of a b e tt e r way to spe nd Memori al D ay W eeke nd than underground in Carlsbad Caverns National P a rk or CaCa as it is affectionately known in P ark Se r v ice s horthand Come to think of it [ can't think of a better way to spend a ny ex te nded weekend. For yea r s, our inform a l gro up ha s been comin g to the C RF ex pedition s at the caverns from surrounding s tat es t o help s urv ey, inv e ntory and r es tore this underground wonderland Impact t o its floors and form atio n s ha s been accumulating for n ea rly a century beginning in a tim e w hen co n servation was n t as imp ortant to v i sito r s as it i s now. Tr a ils were built in those d ays u s ing the material s at h a nd u s ually clay frolll beneath the n a tur a l floor. Muddy boot prints were l eft across flows t o n e s lop es, and o n formations u se d as s teps t o ge t so mewh e r e higher and a round pools of water. N ow it's up to u s t o clea n that mud a nd cl ay before it becomes p e rm a n e ntl y calcified in place. The D o m e Roo m i s just off th e v i s itor s trail visible through a n ova l w ind ow which h appe n s t o frame a co lumn insid e as ifby design. Visitors n o longer go to the Dome Room but half a century ago, the y h a d weddings there When you see it, you understand why: the white ceilin g, the draperies, the columns, the mas s ive flowstone slopes -it ha s a concentration of beauty seldom seen elsewhere. Consequently, there was mud tracked through the room for years, on the floor, on the lily pads, and on formations where on a regular ba s is visitors' feet were propped up for pictures. The Dome Room is a long-term project. There a re a few broken form a tions which could be cemented in place if we could figure out where they came from but for the most part work in the Dome Room is strictly mud-removal. It requires, more than anything else, patience on the part of the volunteer. Some of the mud i s thick and was probably pack e d in deliberatel y to s mooth the way for visitors. Some of it was just sc raped from boots and some ha s just built up over time The thickest mud can be gently removed with ga rdening tools until the natural floor is reached Then it can be removed with water a nd s ponge s and dental picks If the mud i s thick belie ve it or not this can be a

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it can be removed with water and sponges, and dental picks. If the mud is thick, believe it or not, this can be a blessing, because it won't be calcified. You can, with time and persistence, restore the surface to its original color and luster. The harder work is removing the mud that was left by a boot or a dirty glove decades ago Water has dripped on it, adding a tiny layer of calcite. You can't just spray and wipe. Depending on the particular circumstances, you may have to try any of several different techniques, some of which have been pioneered in this ongoing project. We pretty much look to CRF Area Manager Barbe Barker for direction concerning restoration, as she is the most obsessive restoration specialist I have ever seen. Carlsbad is not like any other cave outside the Guads trust me on this one and it has to have its own restoration techniques, virtually all of which Barbe has mastered and taught to the rest of us. Following her example, we generally start with the least impacting method available. If there is dry dirt on the surface, one can loosen it using a light whisk broom at first. Then follow this with a little water, sprayed from a pressurized bottle, followed by a gentle brushing from a toothbrush. Sometimes the mud will be stubborn, but we have found that we can spray the surface with water, and wait several minutes, and then it may scrub off more easily. It may take dozens of times, repeated with patience. We never use chemicals. If the mud is older than, say, 60 years, and the thin layer of calcite is firmly deposited, it is still possible to remove it, using water, brush, sponge and dental pickbut be prepared to spend about an hour on an area about six inches square. The technique is a little different. This weekend, the workers in the Dome room were Georganne Payne (trip leader), William Payne, Kevin Justus, Pam Massey and Karen Perry. After the group spent a total of 30 caver-hours on Saturday, Georganne and Karen returned Sunday for seven more caver-hours, and continued restoration in the area around the second column, down to the flagged trail. Most of the work consisted of mud removal and work with dental picks and small brushes. Total hours for the weekend: 37. Each time we converge on CaCa, Barbe meets with the Great Ones in the Park Service, and they decide together which areas are worthy of our attention. We've had spectacular results at the Top of the Cross removing the old Texas Trail, and Longfellow's Bathtub looks better than it has in fifty years. These are both in full view of every visitor to the Big Room. We've also worked far off the trail, in the Guadalupe room, in Lake of the Clouds, and other areas. This time there was good news: they finished installing the catwalks in Lower Cave. We had done some cleaning in the extensive cave pearl deposits of the Rookery in Lower Cave some years ago, but we found that the 9 floor was so wet and active that when anybody came through on a tour, the mud from their boots found its way back to the areas we had cleaned. So the Park Service designed these ingenious white plastic catwalks to take the visitors over the pools instead of through them, thus containing the mud from all those boots. Lower Cave was thus again visited by Frank Everett (team leader), Barbe Barker, Lois Lyles, Jimmie Worrell, Damon Worrell, Tim Boyd, and Sonya Boyd. Cleaning resumed in the Rookery / Cave pearl area, where mud was removed from both sides of the catwalk. They lifted one section of catwalk to work underneath, and on Saturday, they spent a total of 40. 75 caver-hours. On the next day, they traded Tim and Sonya for William Payne. Frank, Jimmy, Damon and Kevin continued cleaning mud from the upslope side of the first three sections of catwalk (and underneath them), while Barbe and William cleaned the footholds on the old step-around at the large pool. In Left Hand Tunnel, Tim Kohtz (Team Leader), Jennie McDonough, Greg McCarty, and Brian Alger continued a surveying project, mopping up some small stuff at the beginning of Left Hand Tunnel. Brian did most of the sketching under Tim's supervision. They looked for other leads and became confused due to the lack of stations marked on the map by previous surveyors. The team spent 24 caver-hours that day. Next day, they took on more mop-up work just off Left Hand Tunnel, spending an hour or so looking for leads and trying to orient the cave with the working map. They started east and found a parallel passage through bone yard type stuff. It opened up to a nice sized room and continued on. They set 10 or 11 stations and checked what needed to be done on future trips. They found a few lovely pools with green water. That day, they logged in 32 more caver-hours. A relatively new activity for some of us is mineralogical/geological inventory. Lois had given an inventory class consisting ofiecture, slides, and in-cave practice on the previous CRF expedition, to help experienced inventory people and interested cavers brush up on their identification skills. Pam Massey (trip leader), Lois Lyles, Tim Boyd, and the lovely Sonya set up shop in the Secondary Stream Passage, just off the lunch room, and started inventorying the geology. The two teamed pairs made progress on the inventory, noting popcorn, aragonite, frostwork, dogtooth spar, raft cones, box work and cave pearls, among others. Tim documented the inventory with photos taken with 35mm and digital cameras. It was a fine weekend, with a wonderful meal in town on Saturday and a great communal meal back at the hut on Sunday night. Good food, good camaraderie, good caving, and good times. All in all, I'd say we done good. I can't wait until Labor Day.

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10 BEING AN OUTDOOR WOMAN & TRAINING THE STAFF by Sue Hagan, and Mick Sutton Somehow, late this spring we got cajoled into teaching the caving segment for the Missouri Department of Conservation's BOW (Being an Outdoor Woman) course, held at the YMCA Trout Lodge near Potosi Missouri. In addition we agreed to train YMCA camp staff the following weekend on how to l ea d educational trips into their two nearby caves. Last year we helped the Missouri Department of Conservation (MDC) with a similar outdoors education we e kend that one being family oriented. Thus though the target audience was different we knew what to expect in taking neophytes into Mud Cave Some 15 adult women-ages 17 to approximately 60 yearswere our students. The Mud Cave trip begins with a pontoon-boat ride not a typical way of getting to a cave Being students and, probably more causatively, being women who by and large earn less than their male counterparts they of course were staying in the cabin accommodations (nice but without all the frills). We beached and completed the scenic half-mile hike to Mud Cave (aka Susan Cave, though not eponymously) which is on private property shared by the YMCA and the Boy Scouts The BOW participants had been forewarned to wear sturdy shoes jeans, and layers of tops Needless to say, the women's attire was somewhat lacking : gym shoes jeans and quite an as sortment of jackets everything from fuzzy to rip-stop nylon of the thinnest dimen s ion imaginable MDC provid e d each woman a construction helmet with chin strap a cheap helmet light and a Tekna flashlight. We lectured them on the inadequacy of their gear but were pleased that it was improved over l a st year's attire After weeks of torrential rains and high water we had no idea if the cave would actually be enterable,. But one dry day was enough -only a steady stream exited the cave at a depth ranging from a few inches to crouch high more if you happened to stumble, as inevitably one or two women did. We saw bats salamanders flies, and insects. We talked about geology s afety, and c o n s ervation. The women crawled and climbed got thoroughly wet and muddy and had a great time. The following week we returned to Trout Lodge at the request of the YMCA who wanted us to train their camp staff The Y had switched to using School House Cave for their beginning caving experience a choice greatly influenced by knowing participants came out cleaner than tho s e visiting Mud Cave To prepare for the course we spent an afternoon loc a ting and exploring School Hou s e Cave. This inv o l v ed a walk throu g h a wide-area of Forest Service land an area badl y sc a rred from h e avy off-road vehicle use. We hiked up, then down a ridge to the constant buzz of motorcycles and ATVs. When at last we reached the valley bottom, we were appalled by the thoughtless destruction of a bottom-land swamp by persons who obviously think creating a mud-hole for vehicles is more essential than preserving a biologically diverse pond We found School House Cave-aka Estes Caveto have a trickle of a stream exiting from a 6' by 8' hole in a lovely rock outcropping. The bare soil in the vicinity signaled that the area was a frequent stopping off place for partiers amongst the riding crowd, so we were not surprised to find graffiti carved into the rock and obnoxious spray-painted arrows within the cave. Yet, except for a continuous trail of cigarette butts we were pleasantly surprised by the lack of cans and other trash within the cave ; the Y had trained their staff to pick up trash on their visits But the effects of overuse were obvious as we began to inventory the cave's biology-we were beyond the easy walking passage before we encountered the first isopod. The next morning we found the Train-the-Staff group had been winnowed down to ONLY 24. Two dozen young adults (barely), college students from around the U.S.A. and a few other countries would s oon be leading young campers in acquiring the rudimentary outdoor skills The Y staff was eager healthy and jubilant, ready to learn all we might be able to teach them about leading caving trips-all we could instill in them in the three hours allotted us for this transfer of knowledge. They were "equipped" so to speak with cheap flashlights and a construction helmets sans chinstrap. All wore shorts and T-shirts, their foot attire was sandals or white tennies We began thinking that the woman s group from the preceding month would be a more promising bunch for leading cave trips. We rode in two vans to the parking lot but there the lead van decided it was possible to drive on, so we bounced another mile down the off-road vehicle road The YMCA recruits an international staff (foreign college students looking for a cheap way to see the States), and the Australian, British and Ukrainians in our van found the extra mile drive in lieu of hiking a good example of American "vehicle addiction." But our driver was a good ole boy from Missouri, and responded that the kiddie-campers always enjoy the bumpy ride perhaps even more than the cave trip We two put on our full caving regalia ballistic coveralls boots packs helmets elbow and knee pads etc This qu i te surprised our sandal-footed group, since they were obviously only prepared to go in the cave "to

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the point where you could get dirty if you weren't were given a front line spot next to Sue, those wanting to learn about biology were placed in the rear near Mick, and everyone else just sort of fell in line. Everyone managed to get into the dark zone, and not a few got even further. Because of the preceding day's scouting, we knew where to look for the very scarce cave life, and one of the students delighted all by finding a cave salamander. The bait we had set was non-productive--apparently an overnight raccoon had found its way to the snacks. But all the students learned something, and some learned a whole lot. Everyone realized they were under-equipped to lead caving adventures. They all participated in cleaning up the cave, removing many a cigarette butt ("how's it feel to have to clean up someone else's dirty butt!"). When we returned, we talked with two YMCA administrators. They acknowledged the inadequacy of their equipment and their need to know more about caving and cave sciences. They asked for help improving the situation-that's all we need, another project finding funding sources! But even worse is realizing that we will have to engage the Forest Service in following through on better management of the cave and its surrounds, which means getting the FS to halt the illegal off road vehicle activity, including Yvans, even if the campers do think it's fun! Several lessons came from thcse two experiences. First it is important to know the cave before taking in any group, both to anticipate difficulties and to formulate adequate learning objectives. Mud Cave lives up to its name and provides lessons about caving and cave sciences that are very different from what one learns in the much cleaner but more trafficked passages of School House Cave. Second, it is obvious that learning objectives II careful." Those staff concerned about claustrophobia must be tailored to the particular group, but it may take some effort to find out what those learning objectives are--be prepared to modify the course once you meet the students. The BOW women wanted to learn about caves and caving, but the camp staff needed more emphasis on leadership ("How do I stop them from putting mud on their face?" -Answer-point out the raccoon and bat scat, coupled with a discussion on parasite infections) The BOW women were better dressed to encounter the difficulties of Mud Cave, but even so, we had to deal with the adventure desires of the highly fit and cope with the limitations of the not so-fit. Conversely, the poorly equipped but generally physically fit camp staff could all make it the short distance to School House Cave's dark zone, but only a few were then willing to then get down and crawl on their bellies to extend their learning experience Third, expect neophytes to be underequipped, regardless of what you tell them to bring and wear. This leads to a fourth, and final, observation: having two instructors is essential with any group larger than four in nwnber. We were able to break the groups down into smaller units, allowing those who wanted to push on a bit further to have a meaningful experience. As a final note, as a result of the trips into School House Cave, we have now started a project of inventorying and mapping the cave for the U.S. Forest Service. We hope to incorporate the Y staff in this project-with minimal training ; their frequent visits might provide some useful data on bats and other conspicuous inhabitants of the twilight zone. Involving one or two Y staff in the mapping will allow a mor e thorough introduction to caving and caving techniques LILBURN CAVE AND THE REDWOOD CANYON KARST By John Tinsley, Area Manager, CRF SEKI Operations John Tinsley and Lynn Barnickol ventured to Kings Canyon National Park during May 8-10 so Lynn could see some really big trees and to clear some trail in lower Redwood Canyon Lynn, who is a forester employed by the Missouri Department of Conservation, had been attending a convention at Cal State Fresno, which made the trip convenient. Lynn and John have been pals since the first grade, so they go back a ways The weather was perfect ; recent frosts had knocked back the mosquitoes to nearly negative levels The trip to the Canyon included a side trip to tour the General Grant grove of giant sequoias. Lynn was impressed. The sequoias have diameters measured in the same nwnber of feet as Missouri saw logs typically measure in inches. The hike into Redwood Canyon was pleasurable as well, with late afternoon and evening sunlight illuminating the forest. Tinsley paused at stream monitoring sites to replace batteries in the data loggers. The entire discharge of Redwood Creek was sinking into the karst above Lilburn Cave, and the waterfall at the swimming hole was flowing briskly and noisily. Upon reaching the field station they cooked a late supper, installed a missing cap on the water system's reservoir intake, and turned in for the night. The next day, they bucked up a bunch of firewood and began clearing the trail from the cabin to Big Spring, and to the old Barton copper prospect site. The latter hadn't been touched for perhaps 15 years and windfalls made it nearly impassible After about 7 hours of trail clearing, they made it to Big Spring, using the last of the fuel for the chain saw. Also, the chain oiler pump chose to disintegrate; the last two cuts were

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made with the chain in a somewhat dessicated state. Big Spring, and ebb-and-flow spring, failed to oblige with a flush while Tinsley and Barnickol were there. 12 They packed out on Friday, none the worse for wear. After a short cave trip to the White Pillar area they returned to the Bay Area, where Lynn caught his flight from San Francisco back to St. Louis LILBURN MEMORIAL DAY EXPEDITION, 2002 by Peter Bosted The Memorial Day CRF expedition to Lilburn Cave, in Redwood Canyon, Kings Canyon National Park, CA, was blessed by great weather, a good crowd of enthusiastic cavers, and going cave. Most of the effort went into the cartography project, with 1160 feet of new survey and 270 feet of resurvey or tie-in shots. The new survey pushes the length past the 30 km mark, to 30.219 km (or 18.777 mi). The 30 km figure was used as the cutoff for a "really long cave" in the book Atlas of the Great Caves of the Wor/dto decide if the cave should be featured with a map in the book. There are currently about 97 caves in the world explored to more than 30 km, according to The International Caver 2002. In addition to cartography, considerable effort also was put into cabin and trail maintenance. There was one survey trip on Friday, May 24 Peter Bosted, Brent Ort, Damian Grindley, and Amanda Grindley went in the Lilburn Entrance a relatively short distance to the Triangular Ladder area. There they mapped a short overlooked lead above the ladder and two others below One ended in an easy dig that did not appear to be close to known passage, and may be promising. They also surveyed a marked lead down a slope to large passage which connected to the Bicycle Passage, but appeared to have never been surveyed, by mistake A climb from this passage led to another room that was not on the map, so a return trip with a rope is definitely in order. The total survey was 182 feet in 13 stations. Five survey teams entered Lilburn on Saturday. Peter, Brent, and Ann Bosted went to the Attic-Attic area, where they surveyed 150 feet using 19 stations in the first lead they checked. They noted two pits which, from the map, appeared to connect to the Attic 30' below. They saw some small thin bands ofa mineral near EH9 that looked like malachite, based on the deep green color. They also found a small patch of blue mineral near EH IS that might be azurite They checked several other leads in the Attic-Attic that were too tight for them to push. Carol Vesely, Lynne Jesaitis, and Charlie Hotz also went to the Attic, where they first re-surveyed the relatively large and pleasant TG passage (the notes were lost before they were ever entered into the database). They then finished another lead nearby, which ended in a steep drop-off into the lower level. There was a scary moment when Charlie, who was in the lead, had difficulty getting back up the narrow, muddy tube that sloped into this pit. Their total survey was 164 feet in 18 stations. Peter Bosted climbing a pit in "The Outback" of Lilburn Cave. Photo taken by Damian Grindley Joel Despain, Kate Despain, and Shane Fryer tried to go the NE extreme of the Attic, but were foiled by waIst-deep water at the White Rapids. Roger Mortimer, Amanda Mortimer, and Chuck Lee went to the upper Angel's Perch area, where they fixed a loop closure problem, then surveyed a short lead to a pit that will require a rope and gardening of loose rocks to push. They also surveyed up a steep climb for two shots to an end. The pushed a lead at BL50, but determined that "smaller cavers" would be needed although they could see about 30 feet ahead into a' narrow fissure. Their total was 92 feet in 9 stations. Finally, Brad Hacker, Damian, and Jed Mosenfelder went to the Mushroom Passage/Mud Purgatory area off of River Pit Avenue. The newly drafted quadrangle map of this area showed many leads, which they attacked with vigor. They mapped a little over 400 feet of relatively large passage in 27 stations. The leads all ended or reconnected to known passage, except for one,

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which led to what appeared to be a deep pit with no known passage below. Pushing one of the tall, muddy canyons, Damian was just wondering why the foot prints ahead of him ended, when he too slipped and fell about 15 feet, fortunately catching himself in time to avoid landing on a pile of sharp rocks another 15 feet below. Ron Bourret in Apricot Pit in Lilburn Cave. Photo taken by Damian Grindley Brad, Joel, and Bill Farr returned to the new pit on Sunday May 26 armed with a long rope and a set of Friends to make an anchor. A minor drama occurred when Brad's pack came open as he was rappelling down, and the contents plummeted into a narrow crack. His lunch was never to be seen again, but luckily the sketch book (with all of the previous day's survey in it) stopped in a place he was just barely able to reach. The pit turned out to be blind and only about 50 feet deep. 13 After that adventure, they surveyed a few loose ends around the Davis Exit, for a total of 125 feet in 9 stations. Meanwhile, Lynne, Charlie, and Shane went back to the Attic. They rigged a permanent handline on the exposed traverse on the usual route in, then surveyed a short lead just above the traverse for 36 feet in 2 stations. They pushed a few other leads and spent considerable time familiarizing themselves with the complicated route to the Attic-Attic, where several tight leads remain for the next expedition. Roger, Amanda M., and Amanda G. went to the Canopy area, where they found a nice big passage to survey. Unfortunately, it turned out to already be on the map, so their total of 120 feet in 9 stations was a re-survey, except for the station tying the big passage into the BXJ survey. In the central portion of the cave, Peter, Brent, and Chuck dragged ropes out the Blue Passage to DuChene Pit. They dropped the first 70 feet section to a house sized boulder that overlies the Curl Passage, and from there Chuck led a 12' climb up to a 6 foot tall, 20 feet wide pancake passage. This led to a dig, but backtracking a bit they came to a nice 6 foot diameter phreatic tube with a narrow slot in the floor. They didn't have time to push this to the end, and also left another side passage from the "pancake" to investigate next time. On the way up, Peter noted two side leads about 20 feet below the bolt, which also warrant investigation. There total was 153 feet in 17 stations. Back on the surface, considerable effort went into tasks such as replenishing the wood supply, making a better drainage path for the main water tap (which stopped working on Sunday evening), and clearing the trail down to Big Springs. Participants included Howard Hurtt and his seven-year-old son Isaac, Amanda Grindley and her 7-year old son Damen, and Carol Vesely and her seven-year old son Brian (do we detect a pattern here?!). Several people saw Big Springs flushing. The cave was generally fairly wet, probably due to the big storm that dumped about one foot of snow earlier in the week. The last of the snow was just melting off as the first cavers arrived on Friday morning. All in all, it was a fun and productive weekend.

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14 EASTERN OPERATION REPORTS New Years, December 28-31,2001 Expedition Leaders, Paul and Monica Cannaley Thirty-one people braved a bitterly cold weekend and accomplished 3 452 feet of resurvey and 373 feet of new survey. On Saturday a party entered Bedquilt to continue work in Omega Trail and completed 426 feet of resurvey. The ATV trail created by the park service to remove the old concrete at the Bedquilt entrance should make route finding much easier for future parties. A party went to the Pittsburgh Pits area off Pohl Avenue to complete a complicated sketch. A good-looking lead had to be left for tall people with long arms They completed 53 feet of survey. Another team returned to the Unknown/Salts link to clean up some odds and ends for the map, and 192 feet of new survey was completed A party headed out to Banana Pass in Hawkins River to resketch the T survey from T35 Sketcher burnout in this big passage stopped the process at T50 after 1,376 feet of resurvey was completed. 100 more stations in this area require resurvey before the job is complete Sunday found another crew looking for Floyd's Lost Cave. They found the cave but it required significant digging to gain entry, and they weren't prepared for it. On the way back they found two additional caves that also require some digging to continue A party continued work in Omega Trail and completed another 7 I 9 feet of resurvey and 51 feet of new A survey team continued work on the complicated area of Emily s Avenue They tied many leads back into the main passage and accomplished 130 feet of new survey and 898 feet of resurvey. Last but not least, a party went to Diamond Caverns to survey side passages off the A survey beyond Frankenstein s Staircase, and complete a surface survey to figure out where the end of the cave was. They followed the "A" survey on the surface and found the end with no surface expression of the underlying cave They then completed around 100 feet of resurvey in the cave. Special thanks to Phil DiBlasi and Jan Marie Hemberger for doing their usual outstanding job of camp management. Monica Canna ley, Shirley Fox Courtney Sikora, and Daniel Greger also made big contributions to the expedition. 8edquilt Entrance -1) Dave West Karen Wi limes Gerry Estes, Rick Williams ; 2) Dave West Karen Wi limes, Greg Sholly, John Feil ; Pittsburgh Pits Jim Greer, John DeLong, Dan Williams, Charles Fox; Unknown/Salts Link Paul Hauck, Janice Tucker, Erik Sikora, Veda DePaepe, John Feil, Brian Andrich ; Hawkins River Bob Osburn, Greg Sholly, Bud Dillon, Alan Wellhausen ; Floyd's Lost Cave Paul Hauck, Dan Greger, Joyce Hoffmaster, Janice Tucker ; Emily's A venue Bob Osburn, John DeLong Charles Fox, Erik Sikora; Diamond Caverns Stan Sides, Alan Well hausen, Rick Williams Dan Williams. St. Patrick's Day, March 15-17,2002 Expedition Leaders, Erik and Courtney Sikora The theme of the March 2002 expedition was water. Due to a burst pressure tank on the well, there was no running water at Hamilton Valley until Saturday evening Furthermore it rained most of the time A s mall but resolute band of cavers elected to attend in spite of the water issues The expedition went well and the two new expedition leaders learned how to deal with more than their fair share of chaos An amazing 4,2 I 4 feet of survey was accomplished; 1 730 feet was new and 2.484 feet was resurvey. A party entered the Bedquilt entrance and continued work replacing the old M s urvey and tying the survey vertically down through Jone s Shaft. This required skillful rigging for pulldowns and a tyrolean A total of 746 feet of survey was collected, including 166 feet of new cave A large party continued the ongoing efforts to put together Emily's Puzzle. In a split effort, two teams rounded up 2 040 feet of survey with 136 of it new passage A crew did a "lazy Roppel" trip of about 20 hours and added 1 429 feet of survey to the map all of it new passage A short trip was run into Hidden River Cave to collect a soil sample Several cavers did a surface reconnoiter of the stream in Bedquilt Hollow, which originates at the old spring house. They followed the full and flowing

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stream down to a swallow hole that was first discovered about three years ago. It takes a large volume of water, but has yet to divulge any sort of discernible entrance. Many thanks to the plumber who came out on Saturday to fix the water so we could have showers when we were done caving. IS Bedquilt Entrance Tom Brucker, Matt Mezydlo Dean Wiseman Tom Webber; Emily's Puzzle Paul Cannaley, Bob Thurner Dave Matteson Rick Olson, Karen Wi limes, Mia Thurgate; Roppel Cave Jim Borden, Bill Koerschner, Fred Schumann, Gino Albert; Hidden River Cave Dave West, Bill Baus, Veda DePaepe; Bedquilt Hollow Dave West, Dick Maxey, Bill Baus Spring, April 19-21, 2002 Expedition Leaders, Mick Sutton and Sue Hagan The spring 2002 expedition was small but productive. A total of 19 people attended, of whom 15 went caving. 718 feet of new survey and 333 of resurvey were achieved, for a total of 1,051 feet, in addition to the small cave inventory work of cataloging archeological, biological, and cultural resources Supplementing the in-cave work, there were useful discussions between expedition participants, researchers, managers and the HV director regarding directions for land management at Hamilton Valley One crew hauled vertical gear through the Proctor Crawl with the objective of rigging the entry pit to Bivalve Boulevard and beginning a resurvey of this little visited comer of Proctor Cave. They achieved the objective, the rigging being not quite as hard as exp e cted, and surveyed 337 feet. Biv a lve Boulevard has some damp but interesting leads A six-person party went to the southeast canyons of Lower Salts where they split into two crews to survey One sub-party went canyon hopping by starting a survey line in an upper canyon level ; this is the passage that leads in one direction to the Moonwalk Boulevard upper level trunk, but was unsurveyed in the opposite direction The passage diverges from the main line canyon below. The second crew started a resurvey of a little-visited but lengthy passage series off the route to Big Pit. The survey almost ended prematurely when, in a large breakdown room, the old survey-line took a 25foot hop straight up the wall. After several hours surveying the complicated room, they discovered an obscure route to a climb (awkward but not very exposed) allowing continuation of the resurvey at the upper level. This is an area of large canyons and deep pits, and will need a bit more sorting out. The two crews surveyed a total of 648 feet, of which 315 was new survey and 333 was resurvey. An inventory and survey party went to Bluff Cave on Joppa Ridge on the side of Doyel Valle y In addition to documenting the cave s biology, the party did some surface survey to enhance the draft map, and discovered a good blowing lead. This demonstrates the potential for continued discovery in caves considered to have been completed Everyone pitched in and helped where needed Special thanks to Pat Kambesis ; Bob Judy and Chris Parrish; Joyce Hoffmaster ; Daniel Greger ; and Kurt Helffor showing us his rare cave beetle (Naeapha e nops inex pectatu s). Also, we were highly impressed with the new tree plantings (a donation from Cave Books) They are a symbol of the long-term thinking and caring that CRF members bring to Hamilton Valley, and will bring pleasure to future generations of cavers someday sitting under the shade before or after a hard trip Proctor Cave Matt Mezydlo Janice Tucker Howard Kalnitz, Roland Moore; Salts Cave Mick Sutton Bob Thurner, Dan Williams, Lacie Braly, Daniel Gregor, Brennon Sapp ; Bluff Cave Tom Brucker, Alan Wellhausen, Rick Fowler Rick Williams Dave Matteson CRF ADDRESS LIST As you know we published an address list in the last newsletter. Unfortunately, a few names were not included, and we have added a number of new members since that time. Therefore, if you were not included in the list, or have new information, please send it to Elizabeth Winkler at email We will be publishing an insert in the center of the next newsletter to update the address list.

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16 Memorial Day, May 24-27, 2002 Expedition Leaders, Rick Toomey and Elizabeth Winkler With few exceptions, the expedition was very successful. Even the exceptions were less than true disasters Nearly 40 people attended and thirteen parties were fielded during the two caving days Total survey was 1,8 I 5 feet, of which 623 feet was new survey and 1 ,192 was resurvey The assistant superintendent of Mammoth Cave National Park Bruce Powell attended the expedition on Saturday and w ent on a cave trip to Bedquilt. On Saturday one party went to Wilson Cave for miscellaneous mop-up i n the Wand NA surveys. They repaired a couple of data errors and surveyed a lead that was reported to go 150 feet with mud towers. It went 60 feet and the mud towers were hard abusive rock Total for the day was 112 feet (79 feet of new survey, 33 feet of resurvey). A gate was recently installed at the entrance to protect the bats. In Bedquilt, a party of six (including the assistant superintendent of MCNP) split into two teams to survey leads at the bottom of Jones Shaft Besides surveying 584 feet they also inventoried some his t oric signatures One particularly significant signature was that of Carl Eigenmann from 1900. He did seminal work on cave fish Another party headed to lower Salts to an upper level canyon off of the U survey. The lack of a floor slowed down their survey, and they also spent some time retrieving a carbide light that was dropped about 40 feet. One vertical team continued the resurvey of Bivalve Boulevard in Proctor Cave for 180 feet. The trip involved a number of "time-eating v ertical machinations such as removing unstable rocks from a A party headed over to Diamond Caverns to survey a side passage under main trail near Frankenstein's Stairca se. One party member became stuck his torso s ticking out of the hole beside the trail. With one per s on pushing from below and another pulling from above they s uccessfully extricated him before another tour passed by We had great help throughout the weekend for cleaning cooking and doing repairs on the facility. Thanks to Roger McClure Dave Hanson Rick Nelson Stan Sides Jenny Earlandson Carter Hayword, Erik Sikora Shannon and Roger Smith Janice Tucker Cheryl Early, Dick Maxey Charles Fox John DeLong Pat Kambesis and Paul Canna ley Wilson Cave Karen Willmes Da v e West Danny Vann Janice Tucker ; Bedquilt Entrance -1) Bob Osburn Rick Olson Elizabeth Winkler Michala Evans, crumbling ledge and freeing a packstrap from a rock protrusion Another vertical party went to Ingalls Way off Ralph Stone Hall in Unknown to continue untangling a multilevel maze They surveyed 85 feet closed several loops, and found still more pits. One party gained experience in using a digital camera for photo-documentation of the entrance and historic section of Proctor Cave, both above and below ground. They photographed everything from a bullet hole old bottles and signatures from the 1880s to flowstone and a white crayfish. The new cartographer for the Carlos Way sheet was taken on a trip to reconnoiter the area. They surveyed 330 feet (260 new 70 resurvey) in several cutarounds There are more than 80 leads noted in the survey books so there will be many more trips here On Sunday a number of people went over to the Great Berdeaux dig (aka Lone Bat Pit) on Stan Side's property They hauled rocks and dirt out in buckets and so far they have about 11 feet of cave passage. Another party did a through trip in Roppel from the Weller Entrance to Downey Avenue. Two parties went into BedquiIt to survey near the KA climb. One team surveyed down the climb and into the canyon below for 299 feet of resurvey The second team went through a nasty little wet cobblestone belly crawl to a previously unsurveyed room for 116 feet of new survey and 27 feet of resurvey. Returning to Ingalls Way, a party dropped and surveyed the pit found the previous day. The pit turned out to be blind, but in the process of pushing a nearby crawlway they found yet another pit to survey another day Their total was 83 feet of new survey John DeLong, Bruce Powell; 2) Paul Canna ley, Rick Nelson Bob Osburn Roger Smith ; 3) Micaela Evans, Karen Wi limes, Dave West, Ralph Earlandson ; Salts Cave Roger Smith, Paul Canna ley Carter Hayward, Shanna Bradley; Bivalve Boulevard Erik Sikora Dick Maxey Cheryl Early, Shannon Smith; Ingalls Way -1) BiII Baus Wieslaw Klis Steve Collins Charles Fox ; 2) Bill Baus, John Feil Brennon Sapp Gino Albert Tom Weber ; Proctor Cave Digital Photography Ralph Earlandson, Brian Andrich, Alan Well hausen Dusty Gulden; Carlos Way Bob Gulden Jim Borden, Tom Brucker Rick Nelson ; Great Berdeaux Dig Gary Berdeaux Brian Andrich, John DeLong Wieslaw Klis Dick Maxey, Cheryl Early; Roppel Cave Jim Borden Rick Toomey, Tom Brucker Mark Wolinsky ; Diamond Caverns Stan Sides Alan Wellhausen, Dusty Gulden

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17 Bedquilt Cave section of Mammoth Cave. Back row: Bruce Powell (Deputy Superintendent of Mammoth Cave National Park), John DeLong (CRF) Rick Olson (Mammoth Cave National Park Ecologist, CRF) Bob Osburn (Chief Cartograph e r CRF) Front row : Elizabeth Winkler and Michala Evans (CRF) Ozark Trips, October 200t-June 2002 by Mick Sutton The following includes some out-of-sequence trips omitted from the last report, which covered the period September 2001-March 2002. Mark Twain National Forest (MTNF) May 9-11 : Mick Sutton and Sue Hagan returned to the Shell Knob area of the MTNF Cassville District to get biological inventories in Twin and Bear Waller Caves Twin, the shorter of the two at about 200 feet, nevertheless, featured quite a lot of cave-adapted wildlife, in the form of Scoterpes millipedes, pseudoscorpions, etc. Scoterpes is being redescribed as a new genus by millipede specialist Bill Shear; fortunately, one of our specimens was a mature male, and will be of help with this project. A glance at the entrance of the neighboring Bear WalIer Cave resulted in a return to the truck to fetch a wet-suit. Recent heavy rains had partly flooded the cave. The wet section turned out to be fairly short and the inventory turned up an assemblage not surprisingly similar to that of Twin Cave. Moving down the road a way, we finished up by locating and inventorying Mushroom Rock Cave, in a remote setting. The small stream cave featured both troglophilic (Lircells) and troglobitic (Caecidotea) isopods The troglobite here is a rare species C. dimorpha May 27-28: Sue and Mick visited YMCA of the Ozarks, to help the staff with their caving course, for which they use a nearby Estes Cave (known to the Camp as "School Cave") on the MTNF Potosi District. On the first day we checked out the cave to look at the biota and to leave bait stations. The next day we took a group of about 20 camp counselors, who are going to be conducting summer YMCA camp trips into the cave. Previous caving experience among the counselors was marginal at best, so the trip focused on very basic equipment, safety and conservation concerns. The cave is getting pretty well trashed as a result of a metas tasizing ATV road network throughout the area. We feel that the YMCA folks, with a little basic training, can perhaps help to ameliorate the situation with clean ups, but more profoundly by getting a cave conserva tion message out to the casually caving general public. Meanwhile, we plan on doing a more thorough inventory of the cave

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Ozark National Scenic Riverways (ONSR) Ozarks Operations Manger Scott House has been doing part-time work for the ONSR in the realm of cave management, resulting in a large number ofONSR cave trip s lately. October 27: Scott House (in his capacity as a part-time NPS employee), George Bilbrey, Jason Trussell, Amy Johnston and Lawrence went on an inventory and monitoring trip to Medlock and Flying W Caves November 26-27: Scott, Ben Miller and Mark Miller (all NPS) monitored ten small caves in the Five Fingers area, a group including the six caves confusingly known as 'Three Caves." One interesting faunal note was an apparent groundhog nest. On the next very cold day, Scott and Ben monitored and cleaned Bear Cave on the upper Jacks Fork in Texas County, then visited severa l caves near the Buck Hollow Bridge. Horsetail Spring Cave was located. December 7: Scott (NPS) and George Bilbrey took a long monitoring and photo trip to Branson Cave. January 15-16, 2002: Scott (NPS) and George monitored and photographed Buffington, Wallace and Smokehole Caves Smokehole, which was relocated, had suffered some looting. February 20: Scott (NPS) and George took an ONSR trip to monitor the condition of Bald Eagle Cave on the upper Current. Gray bats in hibernation resulted in a s h ortened trip. February 22: Scott (NPS) and Michael Carter intended a trip to Branson Cave but were thwarted by a sudden heavy snow storm, and worked on ONSR files instead March 22: Bob Osburn took Randy Long, Scott House, and Randy Orndorff (USGS) into Round Spring Cavern, the ONSR show cave, in support of Randy Orndorff s project on cave and karst development in the Lower Ozarks. John Mylroie and some of his students were also along on the trip March 23: George Bilbrey Scott House and Becky Bulls (NPS) did a clean up in Rockhouse Cave upriver from Pulltite. April 6: Doug Baker and George Bilbrey began a map of Ditch Cave (helped by NPS ranger Becky Bulls until she had to respond to a fire) Although short the cave is a flood h azard. It is indeed situated in a Highway 19 roadside ditch and would flood to the ceiling with h eavy rain On this day the cave was wet enough that 18 the lightly dressed crew didn't finish, quitting from the cold after 170 feet. A wet, contorted tube continues. Fitton Cave, Buffalo National River, Arkansas November 3: Three survey crews worked in Fitton Cave. Scott House, Jack Regal and Danny Yann mapped nearly 1,000 feet in the entrance room. The other parties were led by Bob Osburn and Pete Lindsley, but your correspondent is lacking details of these trips. They will be included in the next report. March 9: Three parties worked in the cave. Pete Lindsley, Mark Brooks, Cody Brooks and George Bilbrey surveyed 400 feet from the Out Room brass cap to the junction with Crystal Passage, including a loop connection back to the Out Room. Further survey of lower levels will be needed in this area. Scott House Chuck Bitting (NPS), Paul Hauck and Michael Carter continued the survey of the entrance room for a total of 500 feet. Another trip, this time with a clipboard, will be needed to complete a large complicated mess at the rear of the room. Meanwhile, Bob Osburn, Mike Pearson, Will Harris and Ryan Ziegler continued the survey of the huge and complicated Roundhouse Room. April 20: Bob Osburn, Bob Criss, Everett Criss, Paul Hauck and Charles Brickey continued resketching the Roundhouse Room, which will need one more trip to complete. Scott House, Micaela Evans, Ricky Sheldon and George Bilbrey started at the Roundhouse and mapped side passages, some of them previously unm apped, off the inner part of Crystal Passage for a total of 900 feet. Some of this area is quite delicate. Fisher Cave, Meramec State Park November 17: Scott House and Michael Carter mapped in the Crystal Room. Doug Baker, George Bilbrey and Tom Clifton mapped about 300 feet of wet passage from the hole in the floor beyond the Weeping Willow to the start of Crystal Room, tying in to the House / Carter survey. January 26: The Fisher Cave survey advanced with a wet trip to continue the survey towards the Hugh Dill Room. Doug Baker, George Bilbrey, Micaela Evans and Jason Trussell mapped approximately 250 feet of this route, featuring some low airspace sections. Missouri Department of Conservation (MDC) April 6: Sue and Mick have been working on a karst features inventory of a semi-wilderness area more or less outside our front door. The area, along Taum Sauk Creek is near the center of the Precambrian volcanic core of the Ozark dome, but nevertheless includes quite a lot of Cambrian dolomite exposure. It also includes one the larg est designated Natural Areas in the State.

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Ownership and management is shared between the State Park system, MDC, and a power company, Ameren UE We had previously found and mapped 50 feet long Cricket Cave on MDC land the only known cave in the area This time we went back to get a bioinventory. The name was still appropriate, but this time we were able to identify the species, together with other terrestrial twilight zone fauna. 19 May 18: Sue and Mick led an educational tour of Susan (Mud) Cave in Washington County. This was part of an ongoing educational collaboration with the Missouri Conservation Department s "Becoming an Outdoors Woman" program The session was based at YMCA of the Ozarks. The caving course was quite popular and participants got to find out the reason for the cave's secondary name, as well as getting some exposure to conservation and ecological matters. 2002 EXPEDITION CALENDAR Before attending any expedition, you must contact the expedition leader as trip sizes may be limited. Failure to contact the leader may prevent you from attending the expedition as the trip may be full. MAMMOTH CAVE Columbus Day, October 11-14 Phil DiBlasi & Jan Hemberger All Eastern Operations CRF members who have not attended an expedition safety orientation must do so before participating in expedition activities. The safety orientation is scheduled at the beginning of each expedition after the morning meeting Those who have attended a safety orientation are not required to participate in another. New members should arrange to be at the expedition early enough to attend the orientation. Those who do not attend will not be allowed to participate in expedition activities. Contact expedition leader for more details about the orientation. OZARKS for caving in the Ozarks Fitton trips a re limited to 16 persons. CKKC -ROPPEL CA VE,KENTUCKY As a result of the partnership between CRF and Central Kentucky Karst Coalition (CKKC) CRF cavers are welcome to participate in Roppel Cave Project trips For more information on trip schedule contact Jim Borden CRF SEQUIOA & KINGS CANYON GUADALUPE Thanksgiving November 27-December I Barbe Barker, ANNUAL PLANNING MEETING January, 5 2002, site to be announced, Mike Spiess, 559-434-3321, CALIFORNIA September 28-29, Mineral King, Roger Mortimer, 559-439 8033, Columbus Day, October 12-14, Lilburn, Bill & Peri Frantz, 408-356-8506, Veterans Day, November 9-11, Lilburn, John Tinsley, LAVA BEDS November 28-December I, Bill Devereaux devereauxw@yahoo com or Janet Sowers CHINA CA YES PROJECT -GUIZHOU PROVINCE Four-to-six-week trips are run every other year. Contact Ian Baren, Project Coordinator, 914-478-5133, HSS/CRF HAW All-BIG ISLAND Contact Pat Kambesis,

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CA VE RESEARCH FOUNDA nON 6304 Kaybro Street Laurel MD 20707-2621 ADDRESS SERVICE REQUESTED 20 I \ ,{ Left: Team in Carlsbad Cavern doing restoration work. Photo by Lois Lyles. Above: The main building at Hamilton Valley, Mammoth Cave. Kentucky. Photo by Elizabeth Winkler. Non-Profit Org. US POSTAGE PAID Spencerville, MD Permit 524


Description
Contents: Lilburn Cave
30 kilometers and going, and going, and going .... --
A note from the editor --
Conferences and Meetings: CRF annual member's meeting --
HV land management symposium --
The Ninth Mammoth Cave Science Conference --
Cave safely: how to deal with hypothermia / Charles Fox
--
Hamilton Valley capital campaign update --
Mike Yocum / Bernie Szukalski --
Twice in the same trip / Bill Baus --
Cave restoration and survey at Carlsbad Cavern: Memorial
Day weekend, 2002 / Bill Payne --
Being an outdoor woman & training the staff / Sue
Hagan and Mick Sutton --
Lilburn Cave and the Redwood Canyon karst / John Tinsley
--
Lilburn Memorial Day expedition, 2002 / Peter Bosted --
Eastern Operation Reports: New Years, December 28-31,
2001 / Expedition Leaders, Paul and Monica Cannaley --
St Patrick's Day, March 15-17, 2002 / Expedition Leaders,
Erik and Courtney Sikora --
Spring, April 19-21, 2002 / Expedition Leaders, Mick
Sutton and Sue Hagan --
CRF address list --
Memorial Day, May 24-27, 2002 / Expedition Leaders, Rick
Toomey and Elizabeth Winkler --
Ozark trips, October 2001-June 2002 / Mick Sutton --
2002 Expedition calendar.