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Cave Research Foundation newsletter

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Cave Research Foundation newsletter
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Cave Research Foundation newsletter
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CRF newsletter
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Cave Research Foundation
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Cave Research Foundation
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Resource Management ( local )
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Contents: Obituary: Joe McGown -- he Cave Research Foundation and the Lava Beds Research Center / Janet Sowers and Bill Devereaux -- A CRF Lava Beds Celebration / Elizabeth Winkler -- CRF Annual Meeting -- Regional Expedition Reports: Ozark Trips, October 2003 through April 2004 / Mick Sutton -- Cumberland Gap Expedition Summary, March 2004 / Mike Crockett -- Cumberland Gap Expedition Summary, April 2004 / Mike Crockett -- Cumberland Gap Expedition Summary, June 2004 / Mike Crockett -- Mammoth Cave: Thanksgiving, November 26-30, 2003 Expedition Leader, Jim Borden -- Mammoth Cave: New Year's, January 1-4, 2004 Expedition Leader, Joyce Hoffmaster; Camp Manager, Carl Tucker -- 2004 Expedition Calendar.
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Open Access - Permission by Publisher
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Vol. 32, no. 2 (2004)
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See Extended description for more information.

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CAVE RESEARCH FOUNDATION QUARTERLY NEWSLETTER VOLUME 32, NO. 2 AUGUST 2004 ANEW DAY AT LAVA BEDS See Lava Beds articles and photos on pages 3-5

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CRF NEWSLETTER Volume 32, No 2 established 1973 Send all material for submission to: William Payne, Editor 5139 Kingston Dr. Wichita Falls, TX 76310 940-733-7914 The CRF Newsletter is a quarterly publieation of the Cave Research Foundation, a non-profit organization incorporated in 1957 under the laws of Kentucky for the purpose of furthering research, conservation, and education about caves and karst. Newsletter Submissions & Deadlines: Original articles and photographs are welcome. If intending to jointly submit material to another publica tion, please inform the CRF editor. Publication cannot be guaranteed, especially if submitted elsewhere. All material is subject to revision unless the author specifically requests otherwise To assure timely publication, please adhere to these deadlines : February issue by December 1 May issue by March 1 August issue by June 1 November issue by September 1 Before submitting material, please see publication guidelines at: www cave-research.org NEWSLETTER STAFF: Solicitation of Materials: Elizabeth Winkler Layout: Ralph Earlandson Mailing : Bob Hoke 2004 Cave Research Foundation Cave Research Foundation Board of Directors Rick Toomey President Phil DiBlasi Personnel Officer Peter Bosted, Mick Sutton, Joel Despain, Pat Kambesis, Richard Maxey, Bernie Szukalski Officers Elizabeth Winkler-Secretary, Roger Smith-Treasurer Operations Council Barbe Barker (Guadalupes), Scott House (Ozarks), Janet Sowers (Lava Beds), Dave West (Eastern), John Tinsley (Sequoia/Kings Canyon) For infonnation about the CRF contact: Rickard Toomey, III, CRF President Kartchner Caver Donations to CRF should be sent to: Roger K Smith, Jr., CRF Treasurer 3669 Singleton Terrace Frederick MD 21704 2 Obituary: Joe McGown The staff at Mammoth Cave National Park is mourning the death of employee Joe McGown, 53, chief of fee management for the park, who died in May in a Washington, D.C., hospital from complications brought on by a severe infection. "Needless to say, this was a hard blow to the staff here," said park Superintendent Ron Switzer. McGown, a native of the Mammoth Cave area, had became ill over a week prior while on a business trip to Washington. McGown worked for the Park Service for 35 years. He began his career as a seasonal laborer at the park. Except for a short detail to help establish the Mojave National Preserve in California, McGown spent all of his career at Mammoth Cave, where he served as a park ranger, chief guide and, for a time, acting director of the Great Onyx Job Corps Center. Joe was always friendly and helpful to CRF members working in the cave. According to CRF Board Member Chris Groves, "Joe was a fine man and a good friend to many of us who have worked at Mammoth Cave". He is survived by his wife, Brenda, and daughter, Christi. The family requests that in lieu of flowers donations be sent to the Bowling Green Humane Society in Joe's name: Bowling Green Humane Society 1925 Old Louisville Road Bowling Green, KY 42101 The CRF Board has sent flowers to the family and a donation to the Humane Society in Joe's name. [Information provided by Paul Winegar, Public Affairs, SERO, with additions by Elizabeth Winkler] A NOTE FROM THE EDITOR: Beginning with this issue, I am using Microsoft Publisher for the layout of the CRF Newsletter. All text, which is imported mostly from MS-Word, is contained within text boxes, usually one column wide. Text boxes can be linked for articles longer than a single column. Prior to this issue I used MS-Word directly for the layout. The finished layout is then converted to Adobe PDF format before the file is sent to Bob Hoke for printing. Ralph Earlandson, Layout Editor COVER PHOTO: The entrance to Skull Ice Cave, a lava cave in Lava Beds National Monument, California. Photo by Rick Toomey

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3 The Cave Research Foundation and the Lava Beds Research Center By Janet Sowers and Bill Devereaux "On station!" is the cry from the darkness where a tiny point oflight shines "Thirty seven point five," calls the surveyor. "Three-seven-point-five," confirms the note taker as she writes down the measurement by the light of her headlamp These surveyors are members of the Cave Research Foundation and they are creating a map of a cave Sixty CRF members contributed 1078 volunteer hours on cave-related projects in the park last year and many more since 1988 when CRF began operating at Lava Beds. The Cave Research Foundation (CRF) is a non profit organization dedicated to the research, protection and interpretation of caves. Founded in Kentucky in 1957 to research and explore Mammoth Cave National Park, CRF now has operations at Carlsbad Caverns NP, Buffalo National River, Guadalupe Mountains, Ozark Scenic Riverway, Lava Beds National Monument, and Sequoia / Kings Canyon National Park CRF works closely with federal managers to conduct research that will be of benefit to the park, while CRF members enjoy the privilege of working in some of the nation's most fascinating caves Most CRF members are experienced cavers and scientists who donate their time to these endeavors. In 1988 a group of cavers and scientists joined together under the auspices of the CRF to help Lava Beds National Monument gather data needed to properly manage its caves. The CRF developed a cave mapping and inventory protocol and began collecting i nformation on numbers, location, features and contents of the caves. Other CRF projects through the years have included bat survey, ice cave measurements, photo-monitoring cave minerals survey, a dust study, and study of ferns species at cave entrances Basic documentation of the caves through cave mapping and inventory continues today. With over 500 caves to date, and more being found each year the work seems never-ending! When a cave is first found a card is filled out that gives a name location, brief description, and a sketch of the cave. Later a brass marker is installed at the entrance and precisely located with GPS. Still later, a survey crew may be sent out to make a detailed map of the cave. If the cave seems to have special features or contents, a detailed resource inventory is conducted to document its geology, biology, hydrology and cultural resources The beautiful computer simulation of Valentine Cave in the Visitor Center was created by CRF members. Using actual photographs of the cave, they assembled the pictures in the computer so that a person can "tour" the cave on the computer screen. The simultaneous narration describes the geology, ecology and history of the cave. The Research Center being dedicated this June is a long-held dream for both CRF and the park Built entirely with private donations from CRF members and friends, and designed pro-bono by Minert Architects of San Jose, CA, it is a place for researchers to stay and work. Its lab, storage work and living spaces will provide an ideal setting to accomplish goals and work closely with monument staff. It is hoped that with this facility, Lava Beds will be able to attract more visiting scientists to conduct research that will further the understanding, protection, and enjoyment of this amazing park. Lava Beds National Monument Photo by Eli z abeth Winkler.

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4 A CRF LAVA BEDS CELEBRATION By Elizabeth Winkler On June 12 CRF Lava Beds (LABE) and the Na tional Park Service had a joint inauguration of the park's new Visitor Center as well as the CRF funded research center on the park The planning and develop ment of the research facility as well as the fund raising were done by CRF LABE, and CRF has contributed to the development of the visitor center as well. The research center will be turned over to the park upon completion and will serve not only as a facility for CRF but will also be used by other researchers working in the park At present, the foundation has been laid and project manager John Tinsley expects it will be completed by the end of the year. The building committee consists of Bill and Peri Frantz, John Tinsley, Janet Sowers, Christopher Richard, Bruce Rogers, and Pat Helton The inauguration was very well attended, several hundred people, representing CRF, the Park Service, and many local groups including representatives of the Modoc Native American groups on whose ancestral lands the park is located. CRF president Rick Toomey attended as well as many members including Bill and Peri Franz, Cindy Heazlit, Janet Sowers, John Tinsley, Elizabeth Winkler, Bill Devereaux, Bill Broeckel, Jim and Liz Wolff, David and Anna Kuhnel, Christopher Richard and many others. The current Superintendent of Lava Beds National Monument, Craig Dorman acted as the master of cere monies. Speeches were also given by Alan Forman, Chair of the Klamath Tribes who spoke with passion of the history of his people and these lands. Gerald Jackson, a Modoc tribal elder offered a traditional prayer in his native language as well as English and his wife and other Modocs played drums and sang while his grandson offered a traditional Modoc dance. In addition, the mayor of Tulelake, Randy Darrow, and the director of the Butte Valley Chamber of Com merce, Cindy Wright, spoke of the Park's importance to the community. A number of other National Park Superintendents and directors of other parks attended (George Turnbull Chuck Lundy Crater Lake; Jim Milestone (Shasta Trinity Recreation Area, and Merlyn Purris, Lassen National Park) as well as two past superinten dents of Lava Beds : Jim Sleznick and Doris Bowen. Also in attendance were Tom Burke (BLM area re source manager) and Ron Cole (manager of the Klamath Wildlife Refuge Area). Also attending were Donald Sibith who designed the exhibits in the Visi tors Center, and Brad Mason of Diversified Construc tion who built the Visitor Center and is now building the research center. Both are local businesses. During the ceremony, Superintendent Dormant made it clear that CRF's contributions have extended well beyond the locating and mapping of the lava caves but have enhanced the monument thru providing research, ice level monitoring and the training of park personnel, study and monitoring of bat populations and even the documentation oflocal ferns. For exam ple, Peri and Bill Frantz have created a computerized virtual tour of Valentine Cave that upon completion will be available to tourists in the Visitor Center. I got to play with it a bit, and it was really quite illustrative Dormant spoke warmly ofCRF's ongoing relationship with the park and of his hopes for ongoing collabora tion for many years. Sowers estimated that CRF puts in 1500 hours of volunteer work for the park each year. Janet Sowers, CRF Operations Manager spoke about our on-going relationship with the National Park Service. She said "Research is essential to good re source management". CRF began working in the park in 1989. She thanked the many generous people who donated to the research center including major donors Roger McClure, Peri and Bill Frantz and the CRF Board of Directors. The director of the National Park Service, Fran Manilla also spoke at the ceremony. She said that it was wonderful that the Visitors Center had been com pleted and that it had moved from a location that was on top of a cave. She praised the work of the Lava Beds staff recognizing the efforts that they put not only into their jobs but also into working with the local community She is proud of the cooperation of all the partnerships that have been formed to create all the resources and facilities at LABE. The rest of the afternoon was spent eating the wonderful food provided by the local volunteer fire department and visiting the many booths provided by local and governmental groups and local artisans. Of course, lots of caving happened over the weekend. For those of you who have never caved the lava tubes, it is quite an experience! Although the necessary funds have been raised for the basic building, donations are still needed for finish ing and equipping it. Please consider a contribution. Donations should be sent to CRF Treasurer Roger Smith Please specify that the donation is for the LABE research center. On the next page are some phqtos of the dedication ceremony, visitor center and research facility, plus some cave shots taken at Lava Beds.

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5 Left: The new Visitor Center at Lava Beds. Right: Janet Sowers represents CRF at the dedication ceremony for the new Visitor Center and research facility Photos by Elizabeth Winkler. Thefoundationfor the new researchfacility Photo by Elizabeth Winkler. Left: Pictographs in Symbol Bridge Cave. Right : Skull Ice Cave Photos by Rick Toomey.

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6 CRF ANNUAL MEETING The CRF Annual Members Meeting will be held this year at the Hamilton Valley facility, in Cave City, Kentucky. All members, from all areas are welcome to attend. Friday November 5, 2004 7:30-10pm. Social mixer at Hamilton Valley, open to all CRF folks and their guests. Saturday November 6, 2004 8:30-10:00. Reports from the Area Managers of CRF projects and accomplishments. 10:00-12:00. Reports on research in Central KY -Talks offered by various researchers (both CRF and non) about their work in the Mammoth Cave area. 12:00-1:30. Luncheon at HV. 1:30-4:30 -Continue with research reports and presentations. 6:00 -Banquet at Hamilton Valley. Sunday November 7, 2004 A variety of field trips will be available which would feature Mammoth Cave area geology, hydrogeology, biology etc. General Information Accommodations are available in the bunkhouses for the first 40 people to sign up. Tent space is also available. Breakfast is also available for a small charge. Contact Pat Kambesis, to RSVP and for information concerning fees for the weekend, availability of space and directions. RSVPs are mandatory and must be made by October 22.

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7 I REGIONAL EXPEDITION REPORTS I Ozark Trips, October 2003 through April 2004 By Mick Sutton Mark Twain National Forest October November, 2003: On October l3, Mick Sutton and Sue Hagan began a biological inventory of Still Spring Cave, Douglas County This is the longest cave on the Mark Twain National Forest and will take several more trips to complete. This time, we examined the main stream passage through some low airspace sections, and a low, wet western tributary. Wildlife was generally sparse the most conspicuous addition to the known fauna was beaver, represented by a couple of small dens in twilight. Stream fauna consisted of fairly large numbers of Caecidotea isopods and apparently nothing else On November 22, Michael Carter, Pam Sales, Jon Beard and Chris Gertson located a large bottomland spring with a flow rate of 50-1 00 gallons / min. along Bull Creek on the Ava District. December 15, 21, 2003: On December 15, Michael Carter and Pam Sales photographed and a ss essed four small caves Shadow Rock Cave, Peekaboo Spring Cave, Smokehole Cave, and Falling Water Cave, on the Ava District. On December 21, Sue Hagan, Mick Sutton and George Bilbrey continued the biological inventory of Still Spring Cave This time, we visited all of the eastern passages, finding as before that wildlife in general is surprisingly sparse, although there were a few grotto salamanders and fairly large numbers of hibernating pipistrelles. Beyond twilight, we observed no terrestrial invertebrates and very little stream fauna The high population density of Caecidotea isopods in the main stream did not hold true for the tributary streams. February 14-15,2004: Sue and Mick did some bioinventory in the Cassville District, Barry County. We first went to Butler Hollow Mine Cave, an interesting and complex maze cave which has been somewhat modified by mining Apparently, this was another futile attempt to get rich quick from (non-existent) radioactive ores, something of a cottage industry in this area The cave's most notable wildlife feature was the occurrence of two areas of very dense concentrations of pipistrelles. Other fauna included troglobitic millipedes and stygobitic amphipods (identifications pending). We then located nearby Butler Hollow Mine, which had been "missing Unlike BHM Cave, this feature is almost entirely artificial, though there was some indication of natural passage, and even some flowstone in one place The mine contained terrestrial invertebrates similar to BHM Cave, including troglobitic millipedes Next day, we tried to find another interesting site where mining has historically occurred, Sugar Silver Cave. Unfortunately, the location we had turned out to be a dud. From there, we hiked to Carter Cave and, after some considerable effort in finding the upper entrances, we inventoried the passages accessible from there fmding nothing especially noteworthy. February 28-29, 2004: On February 25, Mike Freeman fixed a bad loca tion and did an initial assessment of Hamilton Cave, on the Rolla District. On February 28 Len Butts and Ben Miller went to Summit Cave in Crawford Co .. to check the possibility the cave is an Indiana bat site. Only a few bats were present, probably little browns Mick and Sue floated the North Fork in Ozark County, planning to map and complete the inventory of Bat Cave. This plan hit a slight snag when we left the cave key in our truck We settled for mapping the large entrance passage, 150 ft. up to the bat gate. To make up for this lapse, we found, mapped and invento ried a small new cave near Camp Cave and after an overnight camp we floated on down to Dabner Bluff, where we inventoried another new, fairly long, multi entrance cave (so far lacking a name). We finished by mapping and inventorying Dabner Bluff Cave, which was 150 ft lon g with generally small passages at two overlapping levels. March 5,2004: Mick and Sue returned by an overland route to Bat Cave this time with key in hand Beyond the gate the cave continued as a single passage for another 500 ft. The passage started off as a large trunk, but the last half of it became progressively lower and wetter as the floor gradually rose The cave ended in a too-tight spot which could possibly be dug, although the route be yond seemed unpromising. Ozark National Scenic Riverways December 19, 2003: George Bilbrey and Jim Kaufmann went to Mose Prater Cave, Shannon County to inventory the steel left over from the recent fencing project. Some of the

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left-over steel had been stolen, but fortunately, the new fence was intact. This pit cave is a major gray bat hibernaculum, with a winter bat population in the order of 100 000. December 28, 2003: Work on Ozark National Scenic Riverways will be aided by having the NPS building at Powder Mill available for researchers. Towards this end, a combined CRF and NPS crew spent a day hauling furniture from Welch Lodge to Powder Mill. January 17,2004: Two CRF parties monitored a long list of caves along the Jacks Fork River. Michael Carter, Pam Sales, Sue Hagan and Mick Sutton focused on the "Three Caves" area, examining a total of twelve caves for general biology and for any signs of visitor abuse. The caves were generally in good shape, with little sign of trash or heavy visitation. Meanwhile, Scott House and Len Butts did some more free-ranging assessments, locations and photos of another 16 or so caves, including Skylight Spring Cave, from Buck Hollow on downstream. February 2004: Scott, Len, George and Bob Osburn worked further on getting the Powder Mill building functional. On February 27, Scott checked Branson Cave (Shannon County) for bats and other features, accompanied by ONSR superintendent Noel Poe, Resource Manager Russ Runge, Chief Ranger Lany Johnson, interpreter Pam Eddy, and archaeologist Jim Price. The cave is scheduled for gating later this year. March 17-18,2004: On March 17, Scott and Mick took part in a meeting of the Ozark National Scenic Riverways cave manage ment team. On March 18, Scott took a trip into Round Spring Cavern to check the bat situation. There is evi dence that the cave is routinely used as a transient site by small numbers of gray bats. In addition to 125 gray bats, there was quite a diversity, with several small footed bats, a fairly rare species in Missouri caves. March 26, 2004: Scott, George, Len, Mick and Charlie Putnam (NPS) went to Coalbank Cave, Carter County, to check on the entrance. During our bat survey last winter, we had to excavate loose mud to allow human entry, and there was concern that the entrance would close entirely eliminating the cave's gray bat colony. We moved a lot ofloose sediment and rock to restore the entrance closer to its historical condition. Some hundreds of gray bats were already in residence. The cave trip was followed by another session of moving furniture to Powder Mill. The Powder Mill facility is now fully functional and open for researchers. 8 April!7, 2004 (approx.): After a near-cancellation for high winds, a total of about 16 people, including a helicopter crew, got a whole lot of steel transported to the entrance of Branson Cave preparatory to gating it. The helicopter lifted the steel in 1,000 lb. loads to a narrow bench outside the cave. Fitton Cave, Buffalo National River, AR October 4, 2003: Scott House, Paul Hauck, Dee Hauck and Mark Gee did resketching, station locating, and a supplementary loop survey in the West Crystal Rooms. Pete Lindsley, Bill Steele, Diana Tomchick and Mike Pearson downloaded and serviced the temperature loggers. They noted that the cave temperature is very stable, with very little temperature change during the summer months. December 6, 2003: This trip was a big success with ten surveyors from Missouri, Kansas and Arkansas taking part. Two crews (1 Scott House, Paul Woods, Jeff Chase, Paul McIntosh; 2 James Corsentino, Kristian Underwood, Andrew Free) resketched sections of the West Crystal Rooms while another crew (Matt Goska, Jeff Crews, Mike Freeman) resurveyed a side passage off East Crystal (the survey book was lost long ago). The passage was a small, meandering canyon with gypsum decorations. Other Ozark Activities November 8, 2003: George Bilbrey, Daniel Bilbrey and Danielle Jansen went to Wind Cave on the Pioneer Forest in Shannon County, to post bat signs and to monitor the cave. The cave contains large bat guano piles, and it appears to be an important gray bat transient site. December 9, 2003: George Bilbrey and Jim Kaufmann went to Cookstove Cave, Shannon County and did some follow-up work on the new bat gate, temporarily fixing a flaw in the recently placed gate which was allowing illicit entry to this Indiana bat hibernation cave January 29-31, 2004: Scott and Mick represented CRF at the annual Missouri Natural Resources Conference at Lake of the Ozarks. As before, this was an excellent opportunity to network with other cave and karst researchers in the State. The highlights from a caving point of view were the karst roundtable and cave protection meetings, hosted by Bill Elliott (Missouri Department of Conservation), and a session on bat research in

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9 Cumberland Gap Expedition Summary, March 2004 By Mike Crockett March 19-21,2004: Dan Henry lead a team that included Alicia Henry, Mike Crockett, and Jim West laying down about 30,000 feet of overland survey with laser theodolite. This will allow the Gap Cave System entrances to be tied together and tied to surface features accurately. Dan and Alicia also completed the star shot of the compass course at the Cumberland Mountain Research Center. Mike Crockett helped by pointing toward the north and mumbling, "I think it's that one .... no it's that one over there ... waiL .. maybe ... no. That one's blinking red ..... If you have done much cave survey you know that a compass will lie to you. A whole bunch of compasses working together over a number of years may tell a really big lie. The compass course keeps them honest by being a standard for North based on the position of Polaris. Because the relative position of Polaris in the night sky changes, the entire star shot process is a bit more complicated than you might think. Look for a trip report on the star shot in your favorite publication soon. March 26-28, 2004: Project Cartographer Bob Gulden reports that as of February, 3.47 miles of Gap Cave had been surveyed Twenty-four cavers invested 322 hours mapping 1050 8 feet in Gap Cave during the March expedition. Surface inventory continued and several new caves were found and explored resulting in one new map: Seth's Squirrel Heaven (21' vertical 62' horizontal) More promising leads have been located. Bob Gulden brought a notebook computer and digitized versions of a number of cave maps, including Gap and Bowden When combined with the video projector at the Research Center and Dusty's story telling ability, it was some of the best cave related entertainment ever seen. Bob is also employing a technique to "morph" maps that is very interesting. Sure lots are morphing now but Bob gives it a special flair with bleeding edge technology The Present: A couple of new cavers have joined the project or moved to new levels. After some orientation trips Andy Howe has begun to apply his substantial sketching skills. Stay close to Jon Lillistolen. The Knoxville native, who says he will be back, specializes in cave rescue. Students, involved in the spring Cave for Credit class, continue to make valuable contributions with very little overhead. Some may become project regulars thanks to Andy Messer's foresight. Twenty-two cavers have been to more than half the expeditions during the past year. Karen Caldwell, Dan Henry and Richard Knapp are the most prolific surveyors. Other cavers at the March expedition with lots of survey include: Cheryl Pratt Mark Joop, Andy Messer, Jimbo Helton, and Mike Crockett Some cavers do not show high survey numbers but have made substantial contributions to the project with work on image capture, hydrology, and biology. We all know the numbers don't always tell the whole story, particularly after a day of tight and gnarly The retention rate for cavers is very high and the new memory foam mattresses at the Research Center should increase returns. The mattresses were a donation from the Pine Mountain Grotto. Please don't take them home with you. Speaking of taking things home : somebody took the pretty brown and blue 30m dynamic rope. This was offered to improve climbing skills but it needs to be shown as checked out to somebody. E-mail mand say "I have the rope Cumberland Gap Expedition Summary, April 2004 By Mike Crockett Twenty-two cavers invested 229.5 hours and surveyed approximately 1750 feet of cave. Friday, April 23, 2004: Mike Crockett led a party that included Patrick Fowler and two Union College students. The objective was to scout climbing obstacles on the 80-foot Northeast Wall of the Great Room and plan to scale the wall. A much-used scramble up was found on the North wall leading to a traverse that will require a line. The remainder of the climb, about 40 feet, may require additional protection. There is no visible evidence from below that anybody has been to the passage at the top of this wall. Survey of the NE end of the room should allow the survey to move into the upper reaches of this wall during Mayor June 2004. Andy Messer was surface watch Saturday, April 24, 2004: Bob Alderson, Anne Elmore, Stuart Daw, Mike Crockett and a Union College student surveyed the NE end of the Great Room (C Survey) below the Wall.

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Mark loop, Mike Stanfill, Karen Caldwell, and Patrick Fowler surveyed below the NE from the Anteroom (before the Great Room) into a 40 x 40 foot room that included a pit and several other going leads. Richard Knapp, Cheryl Pratt, and Jon Lillistolen completed the survey of Yellow Heaven. Dan Henry, Alicia Henry, limbo Helton and Thor Bahrman survey into a low crawlway near HZB 1 (2000 feet up the stream passage), which opened up a little after 50 feet then ended after 100 feet. Pushing a small lead in the ceiling requiring help or a handline the party popped out into virgin borehole trending with the strike (NE / SW). The initial room was called "All Night Hall" based on the amount of time it took to survey The party surveyed SW over 300 feet to "The Breakfast Nook" leaving bigger going passage to the NE and several leads Andy Messer was surface watch. Sunday, April 25, 2004: Dan Henry, Abel Cruz, and Anne Elmore returned to All Night Hall for a short day that found them quitting and turning around in virgin going borehole. Richard Knapp, Mark loop, and Alicia Henry found another virgin passage and Alicia popped out into All Night Hall again. The team retreated to lower leads and found a flowstone river going. Summary: We observed the 254th anniversary of the first report of the cave by Dr. Thomas Walker and one year of work at Cumberland Gap National Historical Park. Congratulations to Dan Henry, Richard Knapp and their party members All Night Hall is a major discovery CRF has a long tradition of using maps to find cave. The working map, a product of thousands of hours of effort, indicated that the passage should be there. CRF cavers found it. There is great potential for the discovery of much more cave as the project continues. Addendum to April 2004 Expedition Summary: Mike Stanfill has called this morning with news that his team came across the signature of Roy Acuff near the lower Auntie Room to Great Room passage The 1930 date next to Roy Acuff matches up with the signature and date of Claude Acuff, brother of Roy, in the middle pass back to the Great Room. Most cavers just hop up the slope in front of the Claude Acuff signature but some of us had already been calling the 8 foot scramble The Country Music Climb. You can learn more about Roy and Claude Acuff at this link: 10 http: // www.vhl cornlartists/ azlacuff roylbiojhtml There is significance to a Roy Acuff signature at this location with this date. He was 29 years old and not a musician until his trip into Gap Cave. It appears that shortly after (or perhaps during) this cave trip with his brother he had "a nervous breakdown that resulted in him being bedridden for most of 1930. During these long months, he learned to play his father's fiddle and listened to the records of early country artists." He is later quoted saying: "Everything was dark, until I found the fiddle. If it had not come along I don't know what I would have become." For the uninitiated, Roy Acuff went on to become the first living member inducted into the Country Music Hall of Fame where the plaque calls him the "King of Country Music". We can't be sure how much the cave trip played into the life of Roy Acuff. Perhaps more information will come to us. Certainly there are surviving family members, books, and other resources to explore. Some important points we can derive are: 1. Gap Cave is an historic resource of national importance containing valuable features that should be inventoried, interpreted and preserved Cavers are an important part of this process 2. Cavers involved in the project should try to be worthy of the task. Among other things of note, Mike Stanfill is a music lover who has purchased and listened to thousands of songs of all kinds of music His background in music made him sensitive to the nature of the Roy Acuff signature. It may not have seemed important to others Take note of the features of the cave and report them even if they don't seem to be significant to you at the time. 3. Caving can be a life changing experience. Thanks to Party Leader Mark loop, Mike Stanfill, Karen Caldwell, and Patrick Fowler for putting some of the pieces together for us. The survey team led by Bob Alderson made it back to some really cool rolled mud snake signatures of recognized Middlesboro residents dated in the 1950s. Many of these people are still alive and should be able to tell the story of this foray into the cave After some more images of the signatures are captured the muddy signers will be sought out. Questions, comments, concerns: Mike Crockett, 606-269-1977 PS : Survey like limi PPS : Survey like limi, cave like Roy?

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11 Cumberland Gap Expedition Summary, June 2004 By Mike Crockett The June 26-27 2004 Expedition at CRF resulted in survey that showed the cave taking on unexpected direction and character at both the Gap Cave and Big Salt ends. Richard Knapp served with excellence as Expedition Leader. Saturday June 26, 2004: NEXT LEAD Karen Caldwell led a party of 4 other cavers to a lead in the ceiling of the Signature Passage which netted about 150 feet before closing to 5 inches in mud floor passage with about 20 feet more visible. Bob Gulden speculates that the Signature Passage was formerly an entrance now closed. The party then went to the Great Room and set four stations along the north wall ending just on the other side of the traverse and finally upon the NE Wall with 150 feet of survey Mike Crockett sketched. NEXT LEAD PLEASE Dan Henry led a party of3 other cavers to Big Salt where yet another "let's finish this off real quick" tight lead opened back up and refused to end. About 300 feet of survey was booked. Big Salt seen as a whole can be overwhelming Dan has shown the best approach is to take small bites and chew them well before swallowing. Running ahead of the survey damages the cave and lowers the spirits of other cavers. By mapping the cave we will fmd out where it goes NEXT MILE Bob Gulden, Dusty and the incredible Inna (Bob's mother) checked the map in the tourist section Bob brought a working map with All Night Hall and Caldwell Avenue showing the relationship of this passage to the stream passage. The total surveyed length of the cave is approaching 5 miles. NEXT DAY Sunday June 27, 2004: NEXT TIME Dan Henry led a party of 2 other cavers up the NE Wall got sidetracked from the broad upslope into the first lead and the survey took a surprising new direction, again. NEXT LETTER Richard Knapp led a party of 2 other cavers below the NE Wall down a slope that looked like it would end soon. The station numbers tell the story as they go from CD5A. The expectation was that a couple of letters, maybe even up to C, would finish it off and conserve a designated branch survey (likely the CP survey). Nearly half the alphabet was used and it is still going. Thanks to the skill and experience Richard brings the end result has been mild entertainment rather than confusion. Bob Gulden was surface watch About 1000 feet of cave was surv e yed during the Mammoth Cave: Thanksgiving, November 26-30, 2003 Expedition Leader, Jim Borden The 2003 Thanksgiving CRF Expedition was modestly attended, but very successful in most respects. As usual, Alan Wellhausen performed a wondrous job as camp cook with a superb Thanksgiving feast as well as the rest of the expedition grub. All trips fielded were successful and, with rare exception, everyone had a wonderful time. As is traditional for Thanksgiving I try to field a number of Roppel trips (four this year). And we also focused on support of two cartographic projects since the appropriate cartographers were on hand to lead trips to their areas So, considerable effort was put into Historic Mammoth near Albert's Domes as well as in the area of Emily's Puzzle (offCannichael) Also we fielded trips each day to Great Onyx Cave. There were three caving days. Thursday is turkey day, and we traditionally have short trips to allow for everyone to partake in the dinner festivities Two parties went to Roppel Cave. Mick Sutton, Charles Fox, Scott Bauer, and Randy Schrieber continued work on Mick's map sheet in the vicinity of Pirates Pot. They retaped the new survey to detennine the source of an error (found to be in the old survey), and began the replacement of Black Canyon south of Pirates Pot. Black Canyon is the main route to the central section of the cave and is a good baseline for the new map Mick is working on Total survey was 345 feet of resurvey. Shanna Borden led Dave West and Karen Willmes to the N Survey off of Arlie Way This has been a long neglected lead that is heading into a blank section of map. The party continued the N Survey from Nl4 for eleven stations (lots of digging)

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to N25. The lead continues blowing good air and the party netted 371 feet of new survey. In Mammoth Cave, Ed Klausner, Hannah Klausner, Veda DePaepe, and Sue Hagan continued Ed's work on the Albert's Dome sheet. They worked on errors and survey cleanup in Ganter Avenue and Ryder Haggard's Flight. Lots of clean up work was accomplished, although just a few new feet were added to the length of the cave. Bob Gulden continued his work on the replacement survey of Great Onyx Cave by leading Dusty Gulden and Elizabeth Miller to continue the survey in Edward's Avenue 273 feet of replacement survey was accomplished. The Stan's Well project is fascinating and is a tribute to the dogged determination of many folks, including Norm Warnell and Gary Berdeaux. Stan Sides, Rick Olson, Peter Zabrok, and Norm Warnell continued working their way toward the next water sounds. Lots of rock was moved and only a few hours more work should get them to the next pit! drain On Friday, Bob Gulden returned to Great Onyx with Dusty Gulden and Veda DePaepe and continued the resurvey of Edward s Avenue The party surveyed 177 feet of new cave and replaced 373 feet in main Edward s Avenue. Mick Sutton, Peter Zabrok, Scott Bauer, and Jim Greer went to Lower Salts near the end of the old S Survey to work in the Big Pit" area. Zabrok, a wild climber, had a great time working the pits in the area, finding lots of passage that was found to have been worked hard by the earlier explorers. Several leads were noted and 341 feet of cave was resurveyed, including another upper level fragment of the main Salts Trunk. In Unknown Cave, Paul Hauck, Richard Young, Elizabeth Miller and Karen Willmes entered the Austin Entrance and worked in the Union Shafts area off Pohl A venue Lots of detailed survey was completed, resulting in 256 feet of new survey. Charles Fox, Ed Klausner, Darla White, and Sue Hagan entered the Carmichael entrance of Mammoth Cave and proceeded to Emily's Puzzle to continue the work on Bob Osburn's sheet in the area. They worked on several leads and cleaned up some survey anomalies Total resurvey was 243 feet. Stan Sides has been working on a detailed map of Diamond Caverns, and the lower level called the 12 Victoria Falls Crawl was the objective of the day He, Alan Wellhausen, and Norm Warnell entered Diamond to survey the crawl, but it turned out to be a short lower level cut-around. On Saturday, another two parties went to Roppel Cave. Tom Brucker, Rick Olson, Shanna Borden, and Darla White continued the survey of the lower levels near Hourglass Dome below the north end of Tylenol Trail. Here, there are some remarkably large domes that were surveyed-one lower pit remains. Unfortunately, the expedition leader neglected to tell them that a hundred-foot tape would be necessary for the tie down Hourglass Pit, so that task remains, although 360 feet of new cave was surveyed Mick Sutton, Sue Hagan, Hannah Klausner, and Scott Bauer continued the replacement line of Black Canyon (near Pirates Pot). 433 feet were surveyed. In Mammoth Cave, Ed Klausner Elizabeth Miller, Charles Fox, and Karen Willmes worked in Minna's Way and Ranshaw cleaning up the sketch and surveying odds and ends. 63 feet of new cave were added. A large party--Bob Gulden, Dusty Gulden, Vede DePaepe, Jim Greer, Ana Greer, Dave West, and Peter Zabrok--went to Great Onyx When they entered the cave, they broke into two groups. Dave West and Peter Zabrok surveyed a loop off Edwards Avenue, while the rest of the party continued the replacement of Edwards Avenue. In support of Stan Sides' revision of his book on trails of Mammoth Cave National Park, he, Richard Young, and Paul Hauck hiked the Good Springs Loop. Some of the trail had been relocated and had to be re-measured and described. High water made for an interesting day, but the objective was accomplished. Roppel Cave I) Mick Sutton, Ch a rles Fox, Scott Bauer, Randy Schrieber; 2) Shanna Borden, Dave West, Karen Willmes; 3) Tom Brucker Rick Olson Shanna Borden Darla White; 4) Mick Sutton Sue Hagan, Hannah Klausner, Scott Bauer; Albert's Dome I) Ed Klausner, Hannah Klausner, Veda DePaepe Sue Hagan; 2) Ed Klausner, Elizabeth Miller, Charles Fox Karen Willmes ; Great Onyx Cave I) Bob Gulden, Dusty Gulden Elizabeth Miller; 2) Bob Gulden, Dusty Gulden, Veda DeP a epe ; 3) Bob Gulden Dusty Gulden, Vede DePaepe, Jim Greer, Ana Greer Dave West, Peter Zabrok; Stan's Well Stan Sides, Rick Olson, Peter Zabrok, Norm Warnell ; Salts Cave Mick Sutton, Peter Zabrok, Scott Bauer Jim Greer; Pohl Avenue Paul Hauck, Richard Young, Elizabeth Miller Karen Willmes; Emily's Puzzle Charles Fox, Ed Klausner, Darla White, Sue Hagan; Diamond Caverns Stan Sides Alan Well hausen, Norm Warnell; Good Springs Loop Trail-Stan Sides, Richard Young, Paul Hauck

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13 Mammoth Cave: New ear's, January 1-4, 2004 Expedition Leader, Joyce Hoffma ter; Camp Manager, Carl Tucker The New Year's Expedition for 2004 was characterized by unseasonably wann weather and copious water. The highs for all 4 days hovered around 70 degrees F and it did not drop below 50 degrees F at night. 24 people attended the expedition, and 4 of them were first time participants. The thunderstonns that moved in the evening of January 1 dumped 2 inches of rain overnight and another inch through the morning of January 2, eliminating most of the planned trips. Jim Borden remarked that he had never seen Roppel so wet as it was Friday. The Friday trips were as follows: Dave West led Karen Willmes Janice Tucker, and Daniel Greger in a low, sloppy loop closure in an area of Emily's Puzzle where Bob Osburn was thrashing about on an earlier trip They got to an area Karen recognized on the way in, and eventually reached a point where Dan knew the route out, so some of them knew where they were some of the time even if all of them didn't know where they were all the time. Bob Alderson led Barb Schomer, Eric Higbie, and Pat Bingham to Great Onyx with the intent to drop the pit in the J survey, but were stymied by water, so picked offleads along the J. Three parties went to Roppel. Peter Zabrok, Jeff Smith, Brian Signorelli, and Dick Market headed off in the direction of Mexico Pit, but they were distracted by the sound of running water in Currans Corridor and dug off in unsuccessful pursuit. Micaela Evans, Shanna Borden, Matt Goska and Bru Randall went to the west end of Pete's Puzzle The passage had some tight spots, but no one got stuck for long Meanwhile, Jim Borden led Dave Matteson Andy Free, and Bill Baus to th e east end of Pete's Puzzle, another (thankfully) dry part of Roppel. The weather on Saturday was gloomy, but not raining. Small caves were the priority, since it was a perfect day for ridgewalking--pleasantly wann, but no leaves or ticks. Bill Baus, Bob Alderson, and Eric Higbie continued the survey of the lower level of David's Goliath It appears that one more trip should finish this one. Bru Randall and Barb Schomer headed out to get GPS locations for three features in Hunt's Sink and comb Double Cellars for any caves. Numerous karst features were GPS'd, but Double Cellars seems devoid of caves at this time Dave West led Karen Willmes and Pat Bingham off in pur s uit of Mt. McKinley Cave (southwest of the old Cathedral Domes Entrance area across the Park entrance road). They found three small caves and surveyed two of them before finding what is probably Mt. McKinley Cave. They took GPS readings on all of the caves. Rick Williams Andy Free, and Matt Goska went to Joppa Ridge in an attempt to fmish two small caves, Davis Short Cave and Gentry Cave. Once again Gentry froze out the survey party and Davis Short really is short. Another promising hole was found. GPS locations were obtained on all of these. The crew of Pete Zabrok, Jeff Smith Brian Signorelli, and Dick Market returned to Roppel on a recon trip to Mexico Pit. This time they made it and rigged the rope for a subsequent survey trip. The other part of the water problems happened Saturday morning as we were just starting breakfast. The lights dimmed briefly and there was an odd distressed electrical noise. Daniel Greger and John Feil headed for the breaker box and I wandered toward the map room, only to discover water pouring out of the janitor's closet. The water heater for the men's room was leaking profusely. The power and water to the heater were shut off and the heater drained. Daniel and John then became assigned to the water heater" party and headed off to purchase another. They successfully procured a new heater and installed it, then proceeded to dissect the old one. The lower element had become buried in sludge and scale, shorted out, and melted. The returning parties that evening were surprised and grateful to discover that all had been fixed lowe huge thanks to many people. Alan Wellhausen was to have been my camp manager but canceled on December 29 due to transportation problems (a deer and a drunk had taken a heavy toll on his vehicles) Carl Tucker agreed to help me out and did a marvelous job on very short notice Jim Borden produced alternative objectives when the rain washed away most of my planned ones Jim also picked up the keys, etc. from the Park for me since I had to work. Pat Kambesis had the survey equipment clean and ready to go John Feil never did get to cave, with spending Friday on his bulldozer leveling the area around the lower bam to fix some drainage problems and fixing the water heater on Saturday And my husband Daniel who also lost a day of caving to the water heater and was immense support and help throughout the expedition and its preparation Emily's Puzzle Dave We s t Karen Willmes Janice Tucker Dani e l Greger; Great Onyx Cave Bob Alder s on Barb Sch o mer E ric Higbie Pat Bingham ; Roppel Cave I) Pete Zabrok JefT Smith Brian Signorelli, Dick Market ; 2) Micaela E vans Shanna Bord en, Matt Goska Brn Randall ; 3) Jim Borden, D a ve Matte s on Andy Free Bill Baus ; 4) Pete Zabrok, Jeff Smith Bri a n Signorelli Dick Market ; David's Goliath Bill Baus Bob Alderson, and Eri c Hig bie ; Hunt's Sink and Double Cellars Brn Randall, Barb Schomer; Mt. McKinley Cave Dave West, Karen Willmcs, Pat Bingham; Davis Short Cave and Gentry Cave Rick Willi a ms Andy Fr ee, Matt Goska

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14 2004 EXPEDITION CALENDAR Before attending any expedition, you must contact the expedition leader as trip sizes may be limited. Failure to contact the leader may prevent you from attending the expedition as the trip may be full. ADDRESS CORRECTIONS If you have changed phone number (i.e., area code split), e-mail address, or have moved, please send your information to: Phil DiBlasi PO Box 126 Louisville, KY 40201-0126 CRF WEBSITE www.cave-research.org Contact your operations manager for the user id and password for the members-only section of the site.

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CAVE BOOKS Publications Affiliate of the Cave Research Foundation Web site : http://www.cavebooks .com ISBN: 0-939748 SAN: 216-7220 Rev. J 1103 CAVE BOOKS Publications Bold identifies NEW publications Carstens & Of Caves and Shell Mounds Bridgemon & South China Caves P Watson 28.95 pb Linds ley 7.95 pb Culver et al. Adaptation and Natural Bullitl Rambles in Mammoth Cave 6.95 pb Selection in Caves 39.95 hb Casteret Ten Years Under the Earth 11.95 pb Dasher On Station 17.00 hb Chevalier Subterranean Climb ers 7.95 pb Faulkner Th e Prehistoric Native American Collins H. & The Life and Death of Floyd Art of Mud Gl yp h Cave 11.95 hb Lehrberger Collins 14.95 hb, 10.95 pb Faust Saltpetre Mining in Mammoth Conn & Conn The J ewel Cave Adventure 11.95 pb Cave 5 95 pb Courbon et al. Atlas: Great Caves of the World 20.00 pb Finkel Adequate Earth poems 5.95 pb Crowth e r et al. The Grand Kentucky Jun ctio n 12.95 pb Finkel Going Under / Endurance, poems 9.95 pb Davidson & Bishop Wilderne ss Resources, MCNP 3.00 pb Fletcher The Man from the Cave 9.50 hb DeJoly Memoirs of a Speleologist 10.95 hb, 7.95 pb George Mummies, Catacombs, and E x le y Ca vems Measureless to Man Mammoth Cave 16. 50 pb 125 .00 ltd ed, 32.95 hb 21.95 pb George Mummies of Short Cave, KY 4 .50 pb Farr Th e Darkness Beckon s George New Madrid Earthquake at Supplement 4.25 pb Mammoth Cave 3.00 pb Heslop The Art of Caving 9.95 pb George Prehistoric Mummies from the Lawrence & The Caves Beyond Mammoth Cave Area 10.95 pb Brucker 10.95 pb George Saltpeter & Gunpowder McConnell Emerg e nce a novel 19 95 hb, 10.95 Manufacturing in Kentucky 3.00 pb pb Griffin Listening in the Dark (Bats) 6.00 pb Moore & Sullivan Speleology: Caves and the Cave Halliday Flo yd Collins of Sand Cave 4.95 pb Environment 21.95 hb, 15.95 pb Hill Geology of Carlsbad Caverns 15.00 pb Northup et al. A Guide to Speleological Literature Hill & Forti Cave Minerals of the World 70.00 hb of the English Language 1794-1996 Kerbo Batwings and Spider Eyes 8.00 pb 34.95 hb, 24.95 pb Kurten Th e Cave Bear Story 9.95 hb Nymeyer Carl sbad, Caves, and a Camera 11.95 pb Kurten Single Tusk: A Novel of the Olson & Hanion Scary Stories of Mammoth Cave 7.95 pb Ice Age 14.95 hb Palmer A Geological Guide to Mammoth Long Ro ck Jocks, Wall Rats, and Cave National Park 7.95 pb Hang Dogs 11.00 pb Reames et al. Deep Secrets: The Discovery and McClurg Adventure of Caving 14.95 pb Exploration of Lechuguilla Cave McEachem & Corps of Engineers Inventory and 32.95 hb, 24.95 pb Grady Evaluation, Calveras County, CA 3.00 pb Sides Guid e to Surface Trail s of Murray & Brucker Trapped : Floyd Collins 19 .00 pb Mammoth Cave National Park 5 .95 pb Noswat Maws : Death In Big Cave National Steele Yochib: The River Cave 10.95 pb Monument 3.00 pb Watson, P Archeology of the Mammoth Now ak Walker's Bats of the World 19.95 pb Cave Area 24.95 pb NSF Ensueno Cave Study 5.00 pb Watson, R. Caving 3.00 pb NSF Fountain N.P. Study 5.00 pb Watson, R. et al. CRF Origins and the First Twelve NSS Caving Basics 10.00 pb Years 1957 -1968 12.00 pb NSS Cumberland Ca verns 8 95 pb Willmes CRF Personnel Manual 10.00 pb NSS Ogle Cave Symposium 3.00 pb NSS On Call 28.00 pb CRF ANNUAL REPORTS & PIN NSS On Rope 30.00 hb NSS Speleogenesis 60.00 hb CRF 1974 1978 Annual Reports 15.00 pb" Prosser & Grey Cave Diving Manual 25.00 pb CRF 1975 1976 Annual Reports 3.00 pb ea Rother, H. & C Lost Caves of SI. Louis 9.95 pb CRF 1977 1980 Annual Reports 4 00 pb ea Siffre Les Animaux des Gouffres CRF 1981 1993 Annual Reports 5 .00 pb ea. et des Cavemes 7.95 hb CRF 1994 1997 Annual Reports 10.00 pb" Slo an e Cavers, Caves and Caving 9.95 hb CRF 1998 -2000 Annual Reports 10.00 pb" Speleo-Projects Lechuguilla, Jew e l of the CRF CRF PIN (3/4" diameter, enameled) 5.00 Underground 56.00 hb "=one volume Steward Tales of Dirt Danger, and Darkness 8.95 pb MAPS Stone. Ende Beyond the Deep 26 95 hp Carlsbad Caverns 2 .00 Taylor Cave Passages 15.00 hb Kaemp er Map of Mammoth Cave (ca. 1908) 3.00 Ta y l or Dark Life 12.00 hb Tumer The Vampire Bat 10.00 hb Lee Cave, Mammoth Cave National Park 4.00 Valli & Summers Shadow Hunters : The Nest Mammoth Cave Map Card 1 .50 Gatherers of Tiger Cave 24.95 hb Mammoth Cave Poster Map 3.00 Watson P. Prehistory of Salts C ave 9.95 pb Mammoth Cave Poster Map (Co llector's Edition) 25.00 Williams Blue Crystal, a n ove l 19 .95 hb Ogle Cave 1 .50 Slaughter Canyon Cave, Carlsbad Caverns N.P. 1.50 8th International Congress Poster (1981) 2.00 ORDERING INFORMATION Other Publishers Send Orders To: Ackerman The Moon by Whale Light 19. 95 hb CAVE BOOKS, 4700 Ambcrwood Dr., Dayton, DU 45424 Anderson Cave E xp loring 3 00 pb E-mai l orders: Black I Don t Play Golf 12.95 hb Make checks payable to: CAVE BOOKS Borden & Brucker Beyond Mammoth Cave 59.95 hb, 26.95 pb Brucker & The Longest Cave (new edition) Pustage & Handlillg: $3.00 for the first book, $.75 for each R. Watson 24.95 hb, 17.95 pb additiona l book. $3.00 for one to ten maps or map cards rolled in Callot F -M & Y. Photographier Sous Terre 20.00 hb one tube. (Outside USA double postage).


Description
Contents: Obituary:
Joe McGown --
he Cave Research Foundation and the Lava Beds Research
Center / Janet Sowers and Bill Devereaux --
A CRF Lava Beds Celebration / Elizabeth Winkler --
CRF Annual Meeting --
Regional Expedition Reports: Ozark Trips, October 2003
through April 2004 / Mick Sutton --
Cumberland Gap Expedition Summary, March 2004 / Mike
Crockett --
Cumberland Gap Expedition Summary, April 2004 / Mike
Crockett --
Cumberland Gap Expedition Summary, June 2004 / Mike
Crockett --
Mammoth Cave: Thanksgiving, November 26-30, 2003
Expedition Leader, Jim Borden --
Mammoth Cave: New Year's, January 1-4, 2004 Expedition
Leader, Joyce Hoffmaster; Camp Manager, Carl Tucker --
2004 Expedition Calendar.