Cave Research Foundation newsletter

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Cave Research Foundation newsletter

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Cave Research Foundation newsletter
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Cave Research Foundation newsletter
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CRF newsletter
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Contents: 2005 CRF Annual Report Submission Deadline is March 1, 2006 / Diana R. Tomchick -- Tom Brucker Receives 2005 NSS Lew Bicking Award / Preston and Shari Forsythe -- CRF Work in Carlsbad Caverns - Longfellow's Bathtub / William Payne -- CRF Lava Beds Overview 2005 / Pat Helton -- Regional Expedition Reports: Report of the October 14-16 CRF Lilburn Expedition and Pack Mule Extravaganza / John Tinsley, CRF - SEKI Operations -- Lilburn Cave: Columbus Day Weekend 2005 Expedition (Oct. 8-9) Expedition Leader: Jed Mosenfelder -- Ozarks Trips, December 2004 - July 2005 / Mick Sutton -- Fitton Cave Expedition, December 2-4, 2005 Expedition Leader: Scott House -- Mammoth Cave: August Expedition, August 5-7, 2005 Expedition Leaders: Janice Tucker and Dick Maxey -- Mammoth Cave: Columbus Day Expedition, October 7-10, 2005 Expedition Leader: John DeLong -- 2006 Expedition Calendar.
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Vol. 34, no. 1 (2006)
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CAVE RESEARCH FOUNDATION QUARTERLY NEWSLETTER VOLUME 34, NO. 1 FEBRUARY 2006 LONGFELLOW'S BATHTUB See Carlsbad Caverns Restoration Report, page 5

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CRF NEWSLETTER Volume 34, No.1 established 1973 Send all articles and reports for submission to: William Payne, Editor 5213 Brazos Midland, TX 79707-3161 The CRF Newsletter is a quarterly publication of the Cave Research Foundation, a non-profit organization incorporated in 1957 under the laws of Kentucky for the purpose of furthering research, conservation and education about caves and karst. Newsletter Submissions & Deadlines: Original articles and photographs are welcome If intending to jointly submit material to another publication, please in form the CRF editor. Publication cannot be guaranteed, espe cially if submitted elsewhere. All material is subject to revi s ion unless the author specifically requests otherwise For timely publication, pleas e observe these deadlines : February issue by December 1 May issue by March 1 August issue by June 1 November issue by September 1 Before submitting material, please see publication guidelines at: www cave-research org NEWSLETTER STAFF: Content Editor : William Payne, Layout and Photos: Ralph Earlandson, Mailing : Bob Hoke 2006 Cave Research Foundation Cave Research Foundation Board of Directors President Chris Groves, u Treasurer Roger Smith, Secretary Pat Seiser, Hamilton Valley Director Pat Kambesis Diana Tomchick, Mick Sutton Joel Despain, George Crothers, Richard Maxey, Bernie Szukalski Operations Council Barbe Barker (Guadalupes) Scott House (Ozarks) Janet Sowers (Lava Beds) Dave West (Eastern), John Tinsley (Sequoia/Kings Canyon) For information about the CRF contact: Dr. Chris Groves Hoffman Environmental Research Institute Department of Geography and Geology Western Kentucky University Bowling Green KY 42101 phone 270-745-520 I Donations to CRF should be sent to: Roger K Smith Jr. CRF Treasurer P.O Box 7321 Wilmington DE 19803 2 2005 CRF Annual Report Submission Deadline is March 1, 2006 By Diana R. Tomchick The Cave Research Foundation solicits reports from CRF operations areas, research expeditions pro jects, and sponsored scientific and historical research projects for the 2005 Annual Report. The deadline for submissions is March 1, 2006. The CRF Annual Report is a professionally printed record of the activities ofthe Foundation for the year. It is distributed to all state and federal agen cies that the CRF has partnered with for these activi ties, and to all CRF Junior Venturers. It is also sold to other interested cavers through Cave Books, the CRF publications affiliate The 2004 Annual Report is cur rently in production, and should be ready for distribu tion in early 2006 Maps, photos, line drawings, charts, tables and other images are an important part of the report and should be chosen and prepared with the goal of communicating significant achievements and discoveries during 2005 A new feature for the 2005 Annual Report will be the limited inclusion of color photos. High quality, high-resolution photos will be needed for the front and back covers of the publication. If enough high-quality submissions are received and the printing budget war rants it, there may be a color plate insert in the report. A full color PDF version of the Annual Report will also be created, so submission of materials in color (even if the final print version is B&W) is desirable Submission guidelines : Please supply addresses (regular and email) of authors of articles for the report. Most questions about submissions will be handled via email. Text and images should be submitted in an elec tronic format, preferably as an email attachment, or may be mailed to the editor on a CD. Photos may be submitted in hardcopy format (photos, slides or nega tives) or in digital format. Photos should be submitted in color, even if the final print will be in black and white Acceptable digital formats include tiff, jpeg, (Annual Report -cant. on p. 4) Cover Photos Top: David Johnston carefully sponges the rimstone on the edge of Longfellow's Bathtub in the Big Room of Carlsbad Caverns. Photo by Georganne Payne Bottom: Newly exposed travertines on the rimstone of Longfellow's Bathtub. This surface was virtually flat and featureless before the impacted dirt was removed by patient CRF volunteers The dirt was packed in by visitors' boots 80 to 90 years ago, before the trails were installed in the cavern Photo by Barbe Barker.

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3 Tom Brucker Receives 2005 NSS Lew Bicking Award By Preston and Shari Forsythe At the July 2005 Huntsville Alabama NSS Na tional Convention CRF caver Tom Brucker was pre sented the prestigious Lew Bicking Award. The Lew Bicking Award is our society's recognition of an indi vidual National Speleological Society member who, through specific actions, has demonstrated a dedica tion to the thorough exploration and mapping of a cave or group of caves. In our nominating letter to the Lew Bicking award committee we said: Thomas A. Brucker, NSS 24892RL has had his finger on the pulse of the Mammoth Cave System since he was a teenager. From a personal email from Tom's father, Roger, I learned that Tom was born Jan 23, 1953 "On April 20, 1953 he was carried papoose style into Floyd Collins' Crystal Cave." That is indeed an early start at caving. At age ten Tom was exploring and attempting to connect Great Onyx with Unknown / Crystal Cave (The Longest Cave, Brucker and Wat son, p 297 ) By the time Tom was 16, (Brucker and Watson, p. 180) he was leading trips at Mammoth Cave Over the past 52 years Tom has learned the 365 + miles of the Mammoth Cave System as well as any one [Pat Kambesis stated that Tom has lead 181 trips into the cave and was a party member 137 times (not including 2005 trips). That is a total of 318 'recorded' trips!] He is the one to join if you want to do a virgin survey He is the one you want to call if a cave party becomes overdue. Tom has reached this milestone of his caving career by incessantly exploring new discov eries from small leads to grand breakouts and great connections. Some of these trips are recorded in books that we have all read Tom knows Mammoth Cave very well. By his steady log of cave trips and his study of trip reports and maps Tom has developed an instinct on where to go to explore and survey virgin leads He is thorough in his exploration and survey of each passage to the bitter end. This is the main quality I remember from my trips with Tom in the mid to late 1970's Tom is an excellent explorer, surveyor and above all else he is a great trip leader. He taught me many skills. I made several trips with Tom into Colossal the Austin En trance, and various other sections of Mammoth Tom is very friendly and is a lot of fun to cave with. He has some of the best people skills of any trip leader I have ever caved with. Tom was never impatient with cavers who did not know the cave as well as he did. He al ways got survey results. Month after month year after year, decade after decade, Tom has been at the front of the Mammoth Cave exploration and survey Leading cavers in the art and science of speleol ogy trained Tom from an early age. These early con tacts influenced Tom and I wish the reader had the privilege of reading some of Tom's many trip reports. Tom wrote very thorough trip reports year after year, with the earliest ones I have read dating back to 1969 His detailed trip reports listed: an account of the trip, Tom Bn/cker accepts the 2005 Lew Bicking Award during the banquet at the NSS Con vention Photo b y Ralph Earlandsol1.

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problems. suggestions, special equipment needed for the next trip; descriptions of geologic units and levels of contact; notes about the biology, e.g pools of iso pods and salamander nymphs; lists of work remaining with details of leads; observations about how the new cavers did ("the party was made up of high quality recruits, and I {Tom} hope these people will contrib ute to CRF"), and totals of new survey and re-survey (replacement survey). Tom took the time to note little comments like "at the entrance do not step on the deli cate Leafed Fern as it is rare." Some of Tom's discoveries in the Mammoth Cave System are well documented His greatest discovery may have been in 1972 when Tom spotted the out ar row, with Pete Hanson's initials. This was the connec tion between Hanson's Lost River in Flint Ridge and Echo River in Mammoth Cave forming the longest cave in the world (Brucker and Watson, pp 203-213.) Tom played a key role in opening up Proctor Cave and the extensions that led to the Hawkins River and later the Logsdon River. Tom was on the trip that pushed the Proctor Cave crawl and Mystic River area with Richard Zopf. This trip opened up over 5 miles of the Proctor Trunk. (Beyond Mammoth Cave, Borden and Brucker p. 115.) Tom was not only on the trip that scooped the Proctor truck but he came back with Roger Sperka and put in tbe P and Q lines and sur veyed 4800 feet in one day. Throughout these huge discoveries and so many day to day discoveries Tom remained very modest and humble He did not blow his own hom. Arrogance is not in Tom's caving tool kit. As Roger said, "Tom helped bridge the gulf between rival caving groups." I think that is important. That attitude speaks volumes for demonstrating a dedication to Mammoth Cave An attitude that promotes team caving and that gets re sults. An example of that modest attitude was when Tom turned down the Flint Ridge-Mammoth connec tion through trip Tom said he had already made the connection. To Tom and the cavers who know him well there was nothing perplexing about that humble leader characteristic Tom is mentioned many times in Beyond Mam m oth Cave by Borden and Brucker. On page 177 he was on the trip that surveyed a mile of cave and an nexed Morrison Cave On pages 218-219, Tom took the lead at a near sump and pushed ahead when the others hesitated. This sump bypassed the North Crouchway and is named the Brucker Connection On pages 295-298 is the story of how Tom discovered the Ferguson Entrance. Not many cavers know the thrill of discovering an entrance to Mammoth Cave I f one keeps caving and pushing leads discoveries will open up and great things will happen Now I will list a small number of Tom's CRF trip reports not al-4 ready mentioned that demonstrate his persistence and dedication in caving. In Nov 1980 the trip leader got Tom up at 4 a.m to help find a party that was 4 hours overdue in Salts Cave On July 6 1984 Tom led a trip with Mike Lindsay and Mick Sutton in Mammoth Cave via EI Ghor to the Mystic River area. Tom de scribed the trip as "the ear duck on the way in became an eye duck on the way out, as it was apparently fill ing" and "the belly crawl became a belly crawl through a stream trench, then an underwater hands and knees craw!." After a sump / rise Tom realized they had crossed a divide and sat on the verge of a major dis covery. Overall they saw 1800 feet of new cave On May 25, 1985, Tom, Mick Sutton, and Norm Pace made a 23-hour trip into Proctor and on to the Haw kins River using the Doyel Valley Entrance This was a long wet suit and vertical trip that was truly hard core. The trip involved difficult route finding, survey ing, lead selection, and lead checking The trip had 4 hours of travel time each way. In the spring of2004 in Roppel Cave Tom led the rescue of the Canadian-led group that was trapped for 32 hours by rising water. In summary, Tom has been a climber, canyon hopper, crawler, digger, wet suit and vertical caver, ear duck pusher, and lead checker ("the wind howls down the dome") and foremost an explorer and surveyor trip after trip. I am sure many of the cavers who receive this newsletter have numerous and wonderful stories about Tom. He is a very deserving recipient of the Lew Bicking Award. His nomination was supported in writing by nine CRF members Thanks go out to Eliza beth Winkler and Pat Kambesis who were instrumental in helping start the nominating process (Annual Report -cont. from p 2) and psd (Photoshop). Photos should be supplied at 300 dpi for the layout size, which will typically be 5 x 7 inches (about 2.8 Mb in size); for a cover photo the photo should be about twice that size (about 5.5 Mb) Maps may be submitted in color but will be printed in black and white at full page size or smaller. Maps may be submitted as high-quality photocopies of a reasonable size and the editor will reduce and scan as needed If scans are sent electronically, they should be at least 300 dpi and in tiff format. All hardcopy submissions will be returned to the author. Direct any questions about submissions (content, suitability of material, electronic formats etc ) to the editor: Diana R. Tomchick University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center Dept. of Biochemistry, Rm NDIO.214B Dallas, TX 75390-8816

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5 CRF Work in Carlsbad Caverns Longfellow's Bathtub By William Payne On Presidents' Day weekend, 1997, CRF SW volunteers arrived at CCNP to begin a project no one had any idea would take almost a decade to finish. Upon arrival, we found the asphalt from the old trail which separated Longfellow's Bathtub into two pools, had been taken away and there was a pretty massive amount of gypsum and clay blocks left which had been used to separate the pools and build up to the level of the trail. Our job was to remove all trail-building ma terial. This entailed wet suits in the deep waters, rock bars, wheelbarrows and working around the clock to get this done before we left on Monday Later that day, the Park finished the new bridge that went over the newly joined pool. In the years since, CRF has removed mud and silt from the pool, bringing to view one of the finest pool floors in the cave. And that brings us to Thanksgiving weekend, 2005. The last phase of the project was to clean the rimstone around the pool. We had already cleaned one area near the flowstone slope as a test some years be fore, so we knew there was potential, and we were not disappointed. The rimstone was walked on by visitors to the cave about 95 years ago, before there were any trails established. It's a beautiful area, and is of course tempting to anyone, but especially the curious. But every person that did so left a little more dirt on the rimstone, packing it deeper and deeper and more firmly between the textures of the floor, until it be came smooth and flat for the entire perimeter of the pool, wherever there was rimstone to walk on. We put five people to work with dental picks and tooth brushes, spray bottles and sponges, slowly bringing the original cave floor to the surface. I stayed on the bridge to do "interpretation," which means I ex plained over and over why those funny-looking people were down there off the trail. The newly exposed textures of the rimstone around Longfellow'S Bathtub are simply beautiful. There is a small dry pool in one area hidden for all these years, which has tiny cemented cave pearls in the bottom There are travertines ranging from 1 / 8 inch to several inches. There is an area with silver gray crystal surrounded by white. Thanksgiving weekend gives us three days to work on a project, which makes it ideal for something that may take longer. We spent all three days on this, and almost finished the project. In the process of the detail work, we discovered some more hidden areas that still had a bit of red stain from before, and there is also a small area where we found "asphaltites" ap parently, when they paved the trail back in the 1940's some tiny specks of asphalt were inadvertently re leased to the air as it cooked, and they settled on a small area of flat rimstone and burned into the rock, leaving little black freckles They aren't really visible from the trail, and they do come out with care, but that will have to wait for another weekend. With a few more weekends of CRF volunteer la bor, this beautiful pool should be restored to some thing approaching its original beauty. When the job is finished, an article will appear in this publication with all the exciting details and techniques. Volunteers: Barbe Barker, Georganne Payne, William Payne, David 10hnston, Sharon Welch, Rick Wieden mann, Brenda Wiedenmann, Phyllis Boneau. Lava Beds Gala -Left: Bob Martin, Susan Silva, and Terl)1 Silva enjoy hors d'oeuvres at the Lava Beds Research Center Gala Dinner. Right: An elegant dinner was served! Seated here are Dan Snyder, Nelia White, Christo pher Richard, Martin Haye, and Jerry Horn. Photos by Janet Sowers.

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6 CRF Lava Beds Overview 2005 By Pat Helton By Octob e r of its first year, the new Research Center at Lava Beds National Monument drew more than 35 CRF researchers who contributed well over 5 000 hours of volunteer work for the park One of the main project s completed this year was a survey and mapping of Catacombs Cave. In 2004, a rescue of two lost children in the cave had brought a focus on Catacombs, and the monument determined that they need as complete a map as possible Liz Wol ff led the s urveying and mapping of over 7,000 feet of pass age and was assisted by at least a dozen other CRF members. The sur v ey work was completed in September of2005 and the map will be completed and handed over to the monument as soon as Liz and John Tinsley finish the drafting and field checking To further prepare the monument staff in case another rescue is needed, CRF member Cindy Heazlit was asked by the monument to conduct a rescue semi nar in July For two days, she and two other CRF members Jansen Cardy and Bill Devereaux, led train ing for about 20 people in how to find and transport an injured person out of a cave. They then proceeded to practice these methods in a mock rescue, which was quite successful. In early October a gala dinner was held at the Research Center to thank the major donors to the con s truction fund for the Center. Peri Frantz with assis tanc e from Pat Helton Janet Sowers Bill Frantz, and Bruc e Rog ers, led the culinary efforts as well as many "early diners" who were put to work in the kitchen to keep them out of trouble! Ther e were 28 people attending many of whom were involved in planning and preparing the dinner Jam es Wils o n r eads the s ur vey tap e in Sun s hin e Cav e Ph o t o b y C lara H orn. and presentations afterward. The monument was very supportive and provided the barbecue grill extra tables and chairs, and several apartments for some of the participants. Monument Superintendent Craig Dorman at tended the festivities and gave a presentation about the monument as he thanked all the CRF members and the donors for their work in making the Research Center a reality. He also announced the hire of Shane Fryer, well-known and respected caver who has been working under Joel Despain at Sequoia Kings Canyon National Park. Starting in December Shane will serve at the Lava Beds Cave Specialist. Janet Sowers and John Tinsley also gave presentations about the history of CRF and how the Research Center was built. No one went hungry and leftovers were still to be found two days later. Another ongoing project at Lava Beds led by Bill Devereaux and Mike Sims, is the monitoring of ice levels in several of the caves. Measurements and pho tomonitoring have been done in Crystal Cave, Skull Cave, Merrill Cave Upper Ice Cave, Capt. Jack's Cave, Incline Cave, Heppe's Cave, Caldwell Cave, and othcrs. Several individuals are concentrating on Merrill, where ice levels have been watched especially carefully since a cavity developed under the ice and eventually has grown so that there are now only very small areas of ice remaining in the cave. Ice has disap peared from most of the historically ice-filled caves in the park, and the cause is still not understood. The work done here may be of great importance in learning more about this phenomenon. At the monument's request, a resurvey of Merrill Ice Cave was completed this year over several expedi tions. Pat Helton and Bruce Rogers spearheaded a team consisting of Peri Frantz, Matt Tidwell Matt Blum, Iris & Lauren Huesler, and James Wilson in tying the cave into the GIS database for the Park. In addition to positioning the cave in its rightful place in the world, the new map will show passage and feature elevations, something the three earlier versions of the map have not shown. The new map will be provided to the Park Service early next year. During one of the survey expeditions, the project leaders modestly claim what may be the shortest "into the cave-make a shot leave the cave survey trip in CRF history: 17 min utes! A virtual cave tour was developed by Bill & Peri Frantz and installed on a computer in the Visitor's Center so that visitors can tour through Valentine Cave without leaving the Visitor's Center. The computer

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has had some glitches, unfortunately, so Peri and Bill are troubleshooting it to make it work flawlessly It may be easier for the visitor, and it also results in less impact on the cave! The research center has also seen use by non-CRF scientists. Jean Krejca, a visiting research biologist from Austin, Texas, stayed at the Research Center while conducting studies of the bugs in the park, and others worked on plant studies. Bat researcher Steve Cross did some bat counts at Lava Beds and conducted a class on bat awareness to about 12 participants at the Research Center one afternoon in July. While performing surveys in the caves and else where in the park, CRF members are frequently asked by visitors about the work they're doing. The re searchers often spend a great deal of time explaining aspects of the monument that may be easily over looked such as how the caves formed, how they are used by the resident wildlife, invasive plant species and their impact on native vegetation, the disappear ance of ice in the caves and the importance of accu rate cave surveys and maps In the course of their project work, CRF members also perform trail and road maintenance and pick up litter. Bill Devereaux has led the project to complete inventory cards and place survey markers were placed for most caves in the park. In the process of many of the other activities, new caves are often identified and listed for inventorying--a seemingly endless task The use of brass markers, GPS locations, and GIS maps has allowed keeping an accurate inventory of the cave 7 locations and characteristics. As part of his volunteer position at Lava Beds, Bill takes measurements at the monument's weather station whenever he's at the park. In addition to the new work performed at the park, Peri Frantz, Pat Helton, and Bruce Rogers have spent time in the Monument office, searching their databases and library materials for background infonnation nec essary for current monitoring efforts. The history maintained by the park has been very important for many of these projects.The opening of the Research Center has brought an increase in the number of re searchers and projects being done at Lava Beds and surrounding Klamath Basin and we anticipate much more work there in the future Bill and Peri Frantz exit Merrill Ice Cave. Photo by Jan e t Sowers Book Review In the Dark Cave (2005) by Richard Watson and il lustrated by Dean Nonnan. Star Bright Books, New York. Paperback, 40 pages, 812" x II" format, ISBN 1-59572-038-3 Available for $5.95. Reviewed by Danny A. Brass. (Reprinted from the NSS News, Vol. 63, No. 11, Nov 2005) In the dark cave lived the cave cricket, where wa ter came down like out of a spigot. Back in the pas sage lived the cave rat. Over his head hung down the cave bat. These are the animals who make their home In the Dark Cave of Richard Watson's imagination They live contentedly with one another, each making use of a specialized ability to wend its way through passage ways bathed in eternal night. The cave cricket de pends on its extra long and supersensitive feelers, the bat on its unique echolocation skills, and the cave rat on its highly developed sense of smell. Their world within the cave had always been immersed in absolute darkness. There was no reason to think it would not always be so. But, one day everything changed. A small light glimmered far overhead. The light grew stronger and stronger, closer and closer, until their entire world suddenly seemed awash in the dazzling light of a never before-seen day-the brilliant glow of a caver's headlamp. This delightful rhyme tells the thoroughly enjoy able tale of a moment in time when daylight came to the eternal night of the cave and of the effect it had on the animals within. The event proved to be a most memorable experience for the cricket, b at, and rat, each of whom remained ever bewildered by what they had seen. 111 the Dark Cave is a nicely illustrated book Its full-page, high-contrast black-and-white images are very effective in capturing the dark environment of the cave. Primarily intended for children under seven years of age, there is much to interest and delight young readers here. But the poem is more than just a children's verse. It is also a message and a reminder to cave softly, because even the most benign of trips may have lasting effects on both the cave and its denizens

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8 I REGIONAL EXPEDITION REPORTS I Report of the October 14-16 CRF Lilburn Expedition and Pack Mule Extravaganza By John Tinsley, CRF SEKI Operations In short, it was time to pay the piper! One of our newer Principal Investigators Daniel H. Doctor, Ph.D (also USGS Isotope Geochemist a nd karst hy drologist) had authored a proposal in 2004 (with J.c. Tinsley and Joel Despain as co-PIs) to study the ef fects of fire on nutrient loading and sediment yield to the Redwood Canyon karst which also contains Lil burn Cave To our delight and pleasant surprise, the proposal bamboozled the judges at three levels of com petition and was fully funded for 3 years. Now, with the field gear procured and a few pieces oflong-back ordered monitoring equipment finally in hand, it was time to move all gear into Redwood Canyon, deploy the samplers and sensors, and start taking data, all be fore California's incomparable Indian Summer weather yielded to winter s rain and snow. The Red wood Canyon trailhead is at 6200 feet, and while most of us have skis and/or snowshoes for winter expedi tions, pack animals were the obvious preference for moving about 1000 Ibs of equipment a distance of five to six miles into an area managed by the National Park Service as Wilderness Besides the grant funded it! We had planned to take every advantage of the rare presence of the pack animals, so we planned to move lots of gear both ways. Our sampling equipment and so me heavier infrastructure-related items (bundles of shingles, cement storage batteries new solar pan els) for the Lilburn cabin would come in by mule, and Bill Farr's 8 SCUBA tanks and ancillary dive gear, plu s rubbish and other clutter would be packed out all in one day (Bill Farr had hiked in the day before and had spcnt a day hauling dive gear out of Lilburn Cave.) For the packing itself we are fortunate to have available a thoroughly accomplished and professional packer, Tim Loverin and his family. We have been privileged to have hired Tim 4 or so times before, and a l ways havc received lots more in services than we paid for ; this year was no exception. We scheduled the trip when Tim was moving his stock from Cedar Grove to winter pasture near Badger CA. As he was coming right past the trailhead on his way home, he graciously did not charge us mobilization fees which save d liS a few bucks In real life Tim operates the Cedar Grove Pack Station, a commercial packing con cern wh ere he operates the horses, mules, corrals and riding stable for tourists during the summer season, and wit h his wife Maggie, they also handle most of the packing chores for sportsmen, supp l ying the NPS back country rangers and the CRF, among others, dur ing the snow-free seasons of the year. The CRF folks on this trip save for Dan Doctor weigh in as "silverbacks" or "graybeards" All have been key participants since the inception of CRF ac tivities in Redwood Canyon in 1976-77, and two of us (Hurtt and Mathey) go back to the middle 1960s and the original Lilburn Cave research project that was organized by Stanley Ulfeldt and Ellis Hedlund and others, as the Institute for Special Ecological Studies, but I digress. One of the wranglers turned out to be Bob White a friend of Tim's and more significantly the former Supervisory District Ranger for the Kings River Di strict, to whom we reported when the Lilburn Project was first established Mr. White had been to tally supportive of the Lilburn project from its incep tion and although he had retired from the NPS in 1988, it was like old home week. He had brought along the photo book of Lilburn photographs that we had given him at his retirement party, and Bob wanted to know how many of those rogues in the photos were still around I don't recall the details, but amung our selves, we were able to identify everyone in the pho tos, and more than half the folks depicted are still ac tive at Lilburn from time to time! Retired NPS District Ranger Bob White readies his horse for the trail. Photo b y John Tinsley

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So Dan Doctor [yes, it's Dr. Doctor, (sigh)], John Tinsley, Howard Hurtt, and Tom Mathey ofCRF met the packers at the trailhead at 0900 on Friday, Oct 14. The weather was absolutely gorgeous! Tim and his three wranglers arrived with 4 horses and 7 pack mules We spent about 1 5 hours sorting gear and load ing the animals. Rather, Tim and his crew loaded the animals while we watched in amazement as our pile of gear gradually disappeared under tarps on the backs of 7 mules. Tim tore apart the last bundle of cedar shin gles and parceled them out among less-heavily-laden animals. Everything was now on board But one ani mal's load was not balanced, in Tim's judgement. Was this a show-stopper? What would be the solution? Tinsley then won a minor lottery. Tim hefted all remaining backpacks Tinsley's pack was judged by Wrangler Tim to be, like Goldilocks' porridge, 'just right!" So Tinsley hiked, sans pack, while the others were shall we say, somewhat less fortunate. (Tinsley swears that it was legit, that it had nothing to do with his having to sign the check paying the packers; there was no bribery nor was Tim currying favor with the local CRF jefe, honest!) Tinsley also reports that it was the most effortless and pleasurable hike he recalls, of the many he's logged in Redwood Canyon Viva les chevaliers! The packers dropped off some of the gear near the Hart Tree Trail at Redwood Creek, (2.5 miles from trailhead), then left most of the gear at the Lilburn Cabin (5 miles) and a subset of the animals took the 9 remainder of the equipment to Big Spring about :y. mile further down canyon. While Tim and Dan went on to Big Spring, Maggie Loverin and Bill Farr sorted the dive gear into pack loads so as to be ready when Tim returned from Big Spring. The rest of us un packed, and stashed the new gear in the cabin includ ing 8 amp solar panels (doubling previous capacity) new storage batteries, 94-lb bags of Portland cement, 4 bundles of cedar shingles, a couple of bags of mortar mix, assorted electronic diagnostic equipment consti tute a partial list. Upon returning to the cabin, Tim Loverin super vised the loading of the mules for the return trip Out going freight included 8 of Farr's larger dive tanks, several weight belts, regulators, dry suits reels of div e line, a bunch of surplus direct burial electrical cable that had lived on a reel perched behind the wood stove for about 15 years, old phone wire, a couple of old spark arrestors from the fireplace chimney, and a quantity of decaying reinforcing rod left over from cave gating projects and chimney repairs going back into the 1960s and several of Dr. Marek Cichanski s rock samples from his study of the structural geology of the Redwood Mountain pendant (but that's another story). Suffice it to say that Tim worked miracles get ting the oddly shaped stuff loaded and tied down The rubbish would be placed by the packers into the our pickUp truck for subsequent disposal, and Farr would take immediate delivery of his dive gear FOB Red-Photos this page: Top left: Loading Pack Animals at Redwood Mountain Saddle Trailhead. Mast e r Pa c k e r Tim Loverin at right; round barrel-like apparatus on mule in center are ISCO bulk samplers Bottom left: Dan Doctor is ready for the trail flanked b y Ms. Loverin (right) and her friend Madelin e (le ft) ast r id e their horses Above : At the Lilburn Field Station M s Loverin and Bill Farr sort the dive g e ar prior to l o ad ing the mules for the return trip Photos b y John Tinsley

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wood Mountain Saddle and head back home to south ern Califo rnia Those of us remaining at the cabin bid the wranglers a fond farewell then we turned to the numcrous tasks of unpacking the gear, checking cir cuitry for function, and enjoying evenings around the fire and fine eabernets and pinot noir wines while pre paring to spe nd the weekend deploying the fixed sam pling equipment in Redwood Creek and at the Big Spring re s urgence. The remainder of the weekend passed quickly, not o nly because the da ys were getting shorter but we 10 were very busy with the deployments of instruments We got much of the gear working that weekend, but the next several weekends were dedicated to checking the data bein g logged and being certain that one bulk sampler was still functional after having been slapped around by a bear, but that is a story for future newslet ters. Note: Use of trad e names is for identifi ca tion purpos es only and does not cons titut e endorsement by the Cave Re sea r c h Foundation the National Park Service or the Unit e d Stat es Geological Survey. Photo s this page: Left: A portion of the Bi g Spring sampling s tation. Right: Left to right Tom Mathey John Tinsley and Ho ward Hurtt strike aristocratic poses fireside at the Lilburn Field Station Photos by John Tinsley. Lilburn Cave: Columbus Day Weekend 2005 Expedition (Oct. 8-9) Expedition Leader: Jed Mosenfelder Parti cipants : Bill Farr Brian Farr Howard Hurtt Jed Mo se nfelder, Randi Poer, Rachael Po er, Sarah Poer and Caro l Vese ly. O ur small gro up completed a lot of important tas k s thi s weekend. On Saturday with help from vari o u s participant s Howard fini s hed cementing the new c himn ey. C arol and Randi w ith intermittent help from Rachael a nd Sarah in between bouts of reading a nd "dam-building" with Brian tidied up th e messy pile of wood under the newly fixed woodshed. Brian also chopped impre ss i ve qu a ntities of fre s h wood to add to the pile. M y fir s t ta sk was to climb the so lar panel tre e to m a k e mea s ur e ment s o f the bracket in orde r to facilitate ins tallati o n o f new so lar p a nels Bill a nd Howard helped in thi s endea vo r b y rigging the rop e to be pulleclup t o the eyebolt ins talled next to th e br ac ket 100 fect off the deck and I ascended ner vo usl y The instructions on what exactly to measure were a little confusing (should ha ve read them before going up the tree!) but I managed to take th e measure ments and rappel back to the forest floor sa fel y. Eventually Bill and I decided of all things to go caving, while the others stayed above ground (Carol h a d a bad head cold and decid e d not to go in the cave) and Randi and her daughters decided to hike out, possibly scared off by tale s of certain snoring cavers in the loft. We headed into the historic entrance at 2 PM (possibly a new late start record for me!) for a six-hour trip to the Meyer Parallel area. Fir s t off, Bill checked a lead from the previous expedItIOn at the top of a muddy climb accessed batu si n g a previ o u s ly rigged piece of webbing. Declan. ng the barely body-sized, down-tr e nding slot lead gnm but not too tight for so meone more foolish than us (hey it's on the edge of the map!) we moved

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on to the next lead, which involved ascending up some boulders to get to the top of a dome above the main passage. This entailed one very easy but very exposed mantel move, which I was able to protect and climb up Bill followed and we found ourselves perched on a pile of unstable boulders above the main passage I noticed a small lead trending up in the corner and prodded Bill to push it. Fifteen minutes of loud rock gardening ensued and he was able to thrash his way up 11 through the passage into a series of small rooms, which led eventually to a larger room where we found footprints but no survey markers We remapped this room and then surveyed back down to our starting point, accruing 108 feet of survey in total. Even though only half of this is "new" passage, we effec tively crossed off three leads from the map We rap pelled back down to the main passage and headed out. Once again, we had a productive expedition on a fine weather weekend. Ozarks Trips, December 2004 July 2005 By Mick Sutton December 3, December 8, 2004 : Andy Free continued his project of obtaining improved cave locations and locating new caves on the Mark Twain National Forest (MTNF) Rolla District. December 10-12: There was a trip to Taney County in southwestern Missouri, combining mapping and inven tory of MTNF Caves with a new project to search for potential additional populations of the federally listed Tumbling Creek cave snail. Only one population of this little stygobitic snail is known, and it has been in serious decline. Scott House and Ben Miller examined Dicus Cave and Scenic Drive Cave, both on the MTNF Both caves contain small streams, but no plausible cave snail habitat. The next day, Mick Sutton, Sue Hagan and Randy Long (MTNF) went to two neighboring caves on the Ava District Spring Cave and Marholtz Cave Both are small stream caves in the Compton Formation, and their streams seemed entirely unsuit able as snail habitat. The caves were mapped and in ventoried. We also determined that the erstwhile "Armadillo Cave" was a junior synonym for Marholtz Cave. Scott House and James Corsentino located and mapped Hercules Glade Pit, which was small and lacked aquatic habitat, and Little Bear Cave, which featured a live raccoon They also located 25 Sink which had an erroneous previous location The next day, Scott, Mick Sue and Michael worked on MTNF caves along Cane Creek. While Mick and Sue inventoried Clayton Cave, a fairly ex tensive crawlway maze, Scott and Michael located and mapped a series of confusing caves, most of them short in a ledge high above Cane Creek Mick and Sue later joined the rest of the party and did some bioin ventory. Some of the known caves were positively identified, some were not, and several unreported ones were recorded Another trip will be needed to finish sorting out this area. Meanwhile, Ben Miller, James Corsentino, Amber Spohn and Michael Carter located assessed and mapped variety of small MTNF caves Jack, Decker, Hercules Lookout, California, and Cali fornia no. 2 Caves. Two of these Decker Cave and Hercules Lookout Cave had substantial streams and should be fully investigated for snail potential. Ben and Amber also mapped and photographed 25 Sink an "unexciting" small pit. December 13: Andy Free relocated Swanson Cave (MTNF, Pulaski County) December 14: Scott, Andy and James worked on cave locations in and around Fort Leonard Wood. December 19: Andy Free and Matt Goska obtained locations and photos of Peninsula Cave and Angus Tunnel (MTNF, Pulaski County) December 26: Andy Free spent part of Boxing Day finding a new cave, Beauty Cave (MTNF, Pulaski County). December 30 : Amber Spohn and Andy Lerch mapped 200 ft. long Buck Ridge Cave, and the same crew sup plemented by Ben Miller and Bob Lerch mapped Brock Cave (200 ft.) (MTNF, Barry County). December 31: Mick Sutton Sue Hagan and Toni Grass spent New Years Eve mapping a small, 50 ft. deep privately owned pit in Ste. Genevieve County We also tried to find a route into a recently reported cave on MTNF property in Ste. Genevieve County, but this piece of the National Forest appears to be land-locked, and private landowners will need to be contacted for access. January 2,2005: Ben Miller and Bob Lerch located and mapped Brock Cave (MTNF, Barry Co ) January 4 : Ben Miller, Andy Lerch and Bob Lerch went to Top of the Rock Cave (Missouri Department of Conservation) as part of the cave snail reconnais sance project. January 5 : Ben and Andy went to Mores Branch Cave (MTNF, Taney Co.) intending to map it, but 4 5 inches

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of recent rain had turned the entrance pit into a water fall, and they settled for obtaining GPS readings and entrance photos. January 11: Scott House, David Ashley, Randy Long and three of Dave's students collected detailed biologi cal census data in Branson Cave (Ozark National Sce nic Riverways) January 14-16: A large number ofcavers worked on MTNF caves in the Rolla! Houston District. On Fri day, Scott House and Bob Osburn, accompanied by MTNF staff members Gretchen Moore and Randy Long, continued the survey of McCormick Cave, map ping 350 ft. through the "tight and gnarly" bit into large walking passage. On the Saturday, Mick Sutton, Jim Kaufmann and Amy Crews did biological surveys of Peninsula Cave and Angus Tunnel. Peninsula is a gray bat cave, and was judged to be a probable tran s ient site for up to 11,000 bats The next day, Scott House, Kirsten Alvey, Steve Taylor, Matt Goska and Ryan Seitz mapped and inven toried several Pulaski County Caves : Portal Cave, which was dry and dusty, Crimson Cave, which was moist and muddy, and Swanson Cave extremely dry and dusty. Meanwhile, James Corsentino, Jeff Crews, Amy Crews and Pam Sales relocated and mapped Decker Cave (200 ft.). On the way to the cave they found a large shelter with signs of extensive looting together with some climbing leads to possible small entrances, and a small spring Decker Cave also showed signs of abuse in the form of A TV tracks en tering the cave and associated trash They noted that despite the high level of disturbance in the entrance, intact cultural deposits may still exist further into the cave. Jon Beard, Michael Carter and others mapped and inventoried Knife Cave, where they found several clusters of bats they presumed to be Indianas, totaling about 70 bats the identification was later confirmed by Rick Clawson (MDC). One promising wet lead remains to be done in Knife Cave Bob Osburn Dan Lamping, Kim Chiles and Joel Laws continued the s urvey of Merrell Cave coming close to completing thi s large stream cave while Mick and Sue did a de tailed biological inventory of the cave which seems to bc a relatively minor gray bat cave. The Merrell crew had a bit of a job getting to the cave, owing to an icy hill. January 31: Bob Osburn Bob Criss, Sandra Wiseman Jenny Lipman, Ian Orland and Mary Schubert (a crew mostly drawn from Washington University's Speleol ogy class) went to Merrell Cave and completed most of the rcmaining survey On the same day, Andy Free found a new MTNF Cave its name Outhouse Cave, bcing unfortunately apt. 12 February 5-7: Scott House and Mick Sutton mapped a large sandstone shelter along Highway 51 in Douglas County Next day, Ben Miller and Andy Lerch com pleted the survey of Mores Branch Cave (MTNF, Taney Co ), which involved a very scenic 90 ft. pit with a tight vertical squeeze, and extensive flowstone l dripstonel rimstonel cave pearl deposits The cave also featured a pretty side passage, an extensive deposit of small bones and a snake skeleton partly encased in flowstone. At the same time, Scott, Mick, Sue, Mi chael Carter and BJ Horrighs mapped and inventoried Gilbert Cave (MTNF Taney County) Like other small cave streams that have been examined recently in Taney County, no aquatic snails were evident. Scott, Mick and Sue than went to Hercules Glade Lookout Cave to look at the stream fauna at and near the en trance, while Michael and BJ went looking for land owners of a privately owned cave in the snail search area. The next day, Scott, Mick and Sue went to the main entrance of Tumbling Creek Cave to look for bats Only a few solitary little brown bats and pipis trelles were seen, but in examining the same area a week or so later, Steve Samoray (MDC) found a small Indiana bat cluster conspicuously present. The as sumption is that in-cave movement of the Indiana bats was responsible for the difference Scott, Sue and Mick tht:n spent a cold couple of hours looking at the biota in a series of small springs in and adjacent to the Tumbling Creek drainage. Also on February 6, Bob Osburn Jeff Hanna and Dawn Cardace began a survey of Chimney Cave, a fairly large cave with a 30 ft. pit entrance on the MTNF in south Washington County The cave was "not overly spacious" and the survey was abandoned early owing to the presence of fairly large numbers of gray bats. March 5 : Andy Free, James Corsentino, Ryan Sykes Ben Gallagher Sarah Bettinger and Clint Boyer sur veyed four small, newly discovered caves in the same area on the banks of Roubidoux Creek (MTNF, Pu laski County) Beauty Cave was 325 ft. long; the map has been completed Oak Bottom Cave was mapped for a total of200 ft. Old Fort Pit was mapped for a total of 15 ft. and Wrecked Cave for 50 ft. March 10: Scott House and George Bilbrey did some restoration work at Welch Spring Cave (Ozark Na tional Scenic Riverways, Shannon County), removing non-historic masonry from the entrance. They then went to Polygonal Pit removed the old lock with bolt cutters and mapped the cave (15 ft. pit plus 15 ft. of passage). They finished up with an unsuccessful search for a reported cave near Cedargrove

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March 11: Scott and George went to Flowstone Drop cave near Round Spring (ONSR, Shannon County) to assess its management status The scenic cave can be entered by a free-climb, but a certain amount of verti cal gear is preferable. March 23: Scott House led a field trip to Tom Moore Cave (Perry County) as part of an advanced cave biol ogy course taught by Bill Elliott and Steve Samoray et al. (Missouri Department of Conservation) in Cape Girardeau. There were about 24 participants. Lots of life was seen, including a black snake more than 300 ft. from the entrance April 8: Sue Hagan and Mick Sutton led a YMCA sponsored training session for a group of out-of-State educators who are considering incorporating caving into outdoor education courses. We started with a 1 1/2 hour classroom session, then took the 15 participants to Little Scott Cave (MDC, Washington County) where we looked at wildlife and practiced census tech niques April 9: Jon Beard, Michael Carter, Chris Gertson, Jeremy Bounds, Bill Heim and Bonnie Howard began a survey of Breezeway Cave (MTNF A va District, Christian County) completing 560 ft. of survey. At least 120 ft. more remains to be mapped, beyond which the cave continues low, wet and unexplored Biological notes were also taken all three common Ozark cave adapted salamanders were present as were large numbers (>50) of eastern pipistrelles. Mick Sutton and Sue Hagan finally managed to locate the real Goat Cave and Buzzard Cave (MTNF, Ozark County) CRF crews had previously failed to relocate these. They turned out to be quite close to the old location, but fairly well hidden We mapped Buz zard Cave, basically one small room with upper and lower entrances, and began to map the larger Goat Cave. The two entrances of Goat lie to either side of Buzzard all of the entrances are near the top of a North Fork bluff April II: Scott House and Ben Miller did bat inven tory in the left hand route (along the tour trail) in Round Spring Cavern (ONSR) April 12: Scott and Ben mapped newly discovered Sextus Mille Cave, so called because it is the official cave number 6000 in the State of Missouri. April 30: Andy Free, James Corsentino, Matt Goska and Jeff Crews located and mapped Great Sprite Cave (MTNF, Pulaski County) This relatively "new" sink hole cave, rediscovered in 2002, totaled 240 ft. long Biological observations included washed in material a deer skeleton and four box turtle carapaces 13 Len Butts, Paul Hauck and Richard Young visited the Bat Cave, a privately owned cave in Franklin County near Meramec Caverns. The goal is an at tempted restoration of a gray bat colony by excavating and gating an entrance which has become blocked with fill. A combination of a leveling survey and radio loca tion data showed that the depth of the fill is only about 10 feet, and the excavation should be easier than previ ously thought. Scott House, Dan Lamping, Kim Chiles and oth ers continued the resurvey of Bluff Cave, a recently gated cave on ONSR. Mick Sutton, Sue Hagan and Brett Painter (ONSR) meanwhile checked out Larkin Ford Cave, further down river, to follow up an earlier observation of bat use of the cave by Brett. We found 15 myotine bats present, in two adjacent small clus ters. They were too high to examine closely, but were probably gray bats. There was evidence of larger num bers of bats in the form of many small, diffuse guano accumulations, scattered bat guano throughout, and one larger guano pile which would imply a popUlation of about 1100 bats. Most of the guano appeared to be very fresh. The cave is probably a gray bat transient site. Sue and Mick then went to Bluff Cave where we tagged along with the survey crew, making biological observations as part of a new project -a baseline bio logical inventory of a group of publicly popular caves within ONSR. May 7 : Sue and Mick returned to Goat and Buzzard Caves accompanied by Nettie Sitting-up and Steve Smith (MTNF). We completed the map of Goat Cave for a total of 500 ft. and did a biological inventory. Goat Cave became quite muddy and slimy beyond the point we'd gotten to last time The cave contains large amounts of dripstone and flowstone, much of it exten sively damaged. Biologically, the cave was unremark able except for what appeared to be a very old accu mulation of bat guano in the largest room towards the end of the cave Len Butts, Paul Hauck and Richard Young did more preliminary survey and radio location in Bat Cave, Franklin County, in preparation for excavating the blocked entrance. May 14: Bob Osburn, Matt Goska, Mike Chrisco el at. continued the survey of McCormick Cave (MTNF, Phelps County) to the point where the main trunk forks, and up into a large "formation room." Progress further up both branches will be rendered difficult by tight spots. Mineralogical observations were made of enigmatic hematite-after-pyrite deposits in the clay fill. Jon Beard, Michael Carter, Rita Worden and Andy Free mapped Ice Mite Cave (23 ft.) and Lower and Upper Squiggle Caves (73 ft., 47 ft.) (MTNF, Pulaski

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County) ; these three small caves were found during the 1/16 / 05 visit to Knife Cave. Sue Hagan and Mick Sutton went by an overland route to Jam-Up Cave (ONSR Shannon County) as part of the ONSR public-use caves project. This is one of the most heavily visited caves on the Riverways owing to its large, prominent entrance on the Jacks Fork River. We added stygobitic isopods to the list of known fauna May 15: There was a return visit to Knife Cave (MTNF, Pulaski County) by Jon Beard, Michael Carter and Todd Heintz to complete the cave survey The wet lead noted last time was deemed to be impas sible. They also mapped Cave Spring Cave (MTNF, Pulaski County), another one of the four small caves found during a January visit to Knife Cave The cave length was 68 ft. Jeff Crews, Dan Lamping and Tony Schmitt mapped the newly reported Fairview Cave, with a total of only 25 ft. The neighboring "Fairview Cave no 2" was deemed not to be a cave Scott House, Joel Laws, Andy Free and Randy Long (MTNF) mapped and inventoried a small, newly reported MTNF cave in Pulaski County -Log Ladder Cave -together with two other small neighboring caves. Bob Lerch, Steve Taylor, Amber Spohn, Kirsten Alvey and Klaus --went to Hidden Well Cave (Pulaski County), mapping 650 ft. of nice trunk pas sage with several hundred feet more to go The cave turned out not to be on MTNF land but may be a sig nificant bat cave. May 21: Len Butts Paul Hauck and Richard Young returned to Bat Cave (Franklin County) and began a new survey to replace the old undetailed map. Among the hazards was a dog which apparently lives in the cave and which the crew was advised to leave alone. May 31: Bob Taylor, Roy Gold and Jack Roesenkoet ter mapped Buzzard Cave no I (MTNF, Texas County) a relatively small shelter-like cave in a bluff. June 4 : Len Butts, with Jim Kaufmann Bill Elliott and Steve Samoray (MDC) worked on the Bat Cave (Franklin County) excavation and gating project. They 14 built a diversion barrier inside the cave to prevent de bris from the excavation damaging the Angel Wing speleothem. June 5: Amy Crews, Sarah Bettinger, Ben Gallagher and Andy Free went to Pine Hollow Cave (MTNF, Texas County) During an earlier attempt, the cave had been flooded, but following a prolonged drought, it was dry. The sinkhole entrance leads to a single large room, 325 ft. long. The cave was mapped June 8 : Bat Cave (Franklin County) was fitted with a temporary gate thanks to Len Butts Jim Kaufmann, Bill Elliott, et al. June 18: Mick Sutton and Sue Hagan did a biological survey of Bunker Hill Cave, Shannon County, as part of the ONSR public-use caves project. We added sty gobitic amphipods to the list of known cave fauna, although these are in very low numbers. June 28: Mick Sutton and Tim Breen (ONSR) invento ried Lost Man Cave, Carter County as part of the ONSR public-use caves project. We examined the entire cave to get a general idea of what fauna was present and where it was concentrated. Summertime bat use is very sparse only six bats were counted, most of them too high on the ceiling to identify. Two stygobites were added to the cave's previously known fauna -Caecidotea sp isopods and Bactrurus sp. am phipods. Grotto salamanders were relatively abundant. July 23: Mick and Sue went to Round Spring Cavern (ONSR, Shannon County) as part of the ONSR public use caves project. We took biological observations and left bait stations for long-term monitoring The aim here is to compare the faunal assemblages along the tour route and the unvisited right fork of the cave. July 30 : Mick Sutton, Sue Hagan and George Bilbrey resumed the biological inventory of Still Spring Cave (MTNF, Douglas County) We examined the north fork of the cave from T -Junction, a wet stream passage with a series of large dry breakdown rooms off it. There were no big surprises, but we did add to the list of known cave fauna for Still Spring Fitton Cave Expedition, December 2-4, 2005 Expedition Leader: Scott House With a lot of high-quality participants and plenty of objectives a great deal got accomplished on the Fitton Cave project. The 23 participants came from Texas Missouri Arkansas and Kansas (and, well, Ohio Illinois and Japan for that matter) The expedi tion began with a small meeting between CRF, Arkan sas Association for Cave Studies The Nature Conser vancy and the National Park Service discussing potential projects, biological, survey, and otherwise. Four cartographic survey crews worked in the cave : Andy Free led Ben Gallagher, Masafumi lai, and Kule Ry backi to resketch several hundred feet of sandy, wide passage leading from the Crystal Passage to the Gyp sum Flats Room Bob Osburn helped by Mike Pear son Hunter Lanier, and Wil Harris resketched hun dreds of feet of the main line of the Schemerhom

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Shortcut. Ben Miller resketched several hundred more feet of Schemer horn side passages, aided by Jenny Lippman and Paul Woods. Scott House was assisted by Bill Steele, Diana Tomchick, and Pete Lindsley in a successful effort to resketch about a thousand feet of the West Crystal Trunk. With this successful batch of necessary resketching of older surveys, the new sur veys and/or sketches now extend from the Beauty en trance all the way to Roundhouse and beyond. 15 Meanwhile, a crew of Wade Baker, Lawrence Ireland, Jean Krejca, Vivian Loftin, Wendy Cearly Charles Goldsmith, Tammy Goldsmith, and Kevin Gehrig did a biological survey from the edge of the Beauty Entrance Room all the way to the T-Junction in East Passage. Species occurrences were tied to survey stations and a number of critters had their pictures taken. The intent of this preliminary survey is to test methodologies for a proposed project in Fitton and associated caves. Mammoth Cave: August Expedition, August 5-7, 2005 Expedition Leaders: Janice Tucker and Dick Maxey The August expedition was small, as usual, this year. We had 17 participants and fielded four cartogra phy trips Peter Zabrok led a group into Roppel and continued the PF survey in a route above the Green Eggs Dome. The other 3 trips entered the Austin En trance One group worked on completing the survey of Eyeless Fish Trail from Columbian Avenue to the Storm Sewer. Their final survey station was a piece of steel rebar driven into the bank across from the en trance to the Storm Sewer. They think the rebar was used as a station previously, as it had a piece of fishing line around it, but they were unable to determine what previous station it might have been. They noted that the cutaround at A 7 might benefit from a resurvey and the lower end might have a lead off of it. One group continued the survey of Candlelight River upstream beyond U59 to Candle Shaft. Several small, tight, damp possible leads are noted in this area One group attempted to continue the survey of the Keller Shaft drain west of Pohl A venue. Anticipat ing a "soggy" crawl where their hands might get wet, they were surprised both by the need to lie down in cold water and by the depth and tenacity of the mud. Being unprepared for lying in water, they became too cold and aborted the survey after 3 stations. Of inter est, both other parties noted how low the streams were in the cave at this time, so this would not likely be a good area to attempt at wetter times of year. The group recommended wetsuits, multiple gloves to allow clean hands for surveying, and possibly two sets of instru ments to allow one person to do foresights and another backsights to save time and effort in this tight passage. We sadly did not send a group to Wilson to drop the pits discovered in July We did have four cavers who would fit. However, Peter Zabrok had driven I I hours with Scott Bauer to work in Roppel. We doubted Scott Bauer would fit through some of the tight areas in Wilson. The weather prediction was for temps in the mid-90s, which would have made the Wilson walk quite unpleasant, therefore we opted to keep Zabrok and Bauer at Roppel and save those exciting leads for September. Roger McClure pleasantly surprised us with his presence. He worked on mowing in the valley. The expedition ran smoothly thanks to help from several people, including Elizabeth Winkler, Rick Olson, Charles Fox, Tom Brucker, Chelyl Early, and Pete Rogers. Neither Dick nor I have particularly strong computer skills; help with the computers was greatly appreciated Roppel Cave Peter Zabrok, Scott Bauer, Heather Levy; Eyeless Fish Trail-Charles Fox, Greg Holbrook, Sheila Sands; Candlelight River Tom Brucker, Mallory Mayeux, Matt Mezydlo Ann Kensler; Keller Shaft Drain Judy Onneroid, Steve Omleroid, Pete Rogers. Mammoth Cave: Columbus Day Expedition, October 7-10, 2005 Expedition Leader: John DeLong The 2005 Columbus Day Expedition had twenty two people signed in, with several others stopping by The expedition was moderately sized and compared favorably to October expeditions I had attended in the past. As a first time expedition leader I felt I had enough people to feel challenged without being over whelmed. About 1,945 feet of cave was surveyed: 1,036 feet of new survey and 909 feet of resurvey Eight trips were fielded, five on Saturday and three on Sunday Trips were generally of a shorter nature yet much was accomplished. Historic Section : A primary objective of this ex pedition was fielding a trip to Watson Trace, which was accomplished on Saturday when all the necessary players were present and ready to go. Rick Olson led Rick Toomey, Charles Swedlund, George Crothers

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Doug Baker, and Dick Market on a combined mapping and scientific inventory trip Rick Toomey and George Crothers flagged new trail with Charles Swedlund photo-documenting, while Rick Olson, Dick Market, and Doug Baker worked the survey. Doug Baker pro duced 372 feet of very detailed sketch before burnout set in and the parties packed up. Doug was back after a long absence and we look forward to seeing him again soon On Sunday a party led by Dave West including Karen Wi limes and Bob Hoke headed out to Harvey's Avenue and Wilson s Way to clean up a list of leads for Doug Baker. 303 feet of new survey was put in as a long list of leads and loops was nearly finished. Squeeze freaks" was noted as a special skill needed for a future party that would need to finish two leads still in the area. Hidden River Cave: On Saturday Dave West led Karen Wi limes and Pete Rogers to continue the new s urvey in the Rimstone Maze by following the up s tream D survey They surveyed a parallel passage and checked other leads in the area to finish the leads in that area adding 183 feet to the map Because Dave's finger wa s bothering him too wet and cold it had turned blue again, and banging it against the cave wall repeatedly wasn't helping it either the team returned earlier than planned Ruppel Cave: On Saturday Bill Koerschner led Joyce Hoffmaster and Patrick Moriarty into Hoover Cave to recheck the east end of Katie Jane Way and mop up leads with a primary objective of continuing the Y survey in Three Bears Canyon East. The trip m a naged to get to all of its objectives but nothing went ; even the continuing survey ended after only three stations 69 feet of new survey was accom plished and two new people were introduced to Hoo ver Cave. Work remains but will require tools 8 e dquilt Cave: On Saturday Matt Mezydlo led Eli Winkler Mike Freeman, and Bob Hoke out to the Jones Shaft area to correct a bad loop It was discov ered the error was the result of some shots that had been bent around comers and a distance that was in correct by 25 feet. Two loops were closed by this party and some drain leads needing to be pushed by s maller cavers identified 549 feet was resurveyed Alb e rt s DOll1e s : On Saturday Charles Fox led Chris Clark and Dan Greger to finish survey in Mayfield and Welcome Avenues near Henry s Domes They r e placed some missing sketch in Welcome Ave nue and then continued a survey in an upper level of Mayfield Having fini s hed that they checked for po tential routes down from Elmore s Pass into a canyon below that might lead to Albert s Domes Any potentia l route s appear to be dangerous ; better alternatives 16 exist. It was also noted the upper branch of Mayfield might hold some archeological interest. Unknown Cave : Charles Fox led a party in on Sunday including Chris Clark and Dan Greger to fix a tie-in and to start resurvey of the Sanford Shortcut. After much searching a tie-in station was found and the first objective accomplished The party then began work on the Sanford Shortcut and ended the day with 253 feet of resurvey. The next party in this area needs to be prepared to get muddy; 700 feet of survey re mains, with at least the first 150 feet in a four foot high passage with a foot of soft mud on the floor. It was also noted the passage needs to be surveyed in the other direction from where it is climbed down into. Great Onyx Cave : Matt Mezydlo led Joyce Hoff master Dick Market, and Pete Rogers to rig and sur vey a 90foot pit off the J survey that heads off Cox A venue near the entrance area The drought conditions this year created ideal conditions to survey this pit and evaluate lead potential. This pit has been observed to have deep water in the bottom in the recent past. The party headed in after cutting a ISO-foot section of new rope and discovered the description of the pit to be accurate; it was indeed almost exactly 90 feet deep 69 feet down is a ledge, and the pit is 70 feet wide at that point. A recoverable station was left at this level, where a canyon complex exists At the bottom it nar rows down, but two leads exist, both walking The bottom only had 18 inches of water, and there was a beach where a party could change into wetsuits in comfort Future parties will find the rope coiled on the ledge and should come prepared to survey in at least several feet of water. The next party needs to bring a rope pad for the lip The expedition went well and was attended by good people. It was helpful to me as an expedition leader to have so many of the people at tending be so helpful without asking. Special thanks should go out to Bill Koerschner, who despite being so under the weather that he did not feel like caving on Sunday after having gotten back at a reasonable hour saw to several tasks around the facility I am grateful to Rick Hoechstetter for taking on the camp manage ment chores for me, and kept everyone well-fed and was able to handle many tasks such as payments so I could concentrate on other things Of course my wife Bonnie was always around to help out, and makes it possible for me do this. Watson Trace Rick Olson Rick Toome y, Charles Swedlund, G eo rge Crothers Doug Baker Dick Market ; Harvey's Avenue/ Wilson's Way Dave West K a r e n W i limes Bob Hoke ; Hidden River Cave D a ve West Karen Wi lim e s Pete Rogers ; Hoover Cave Bill Koer s chner, Joyce Hoffma s t e r P a tr i ck Moriart y; Bedquilt Matt M e zydlo Eli Winkler Mike Fre e man Bob Hoke ; Albert' s Domes -Charles Fox Chris Clar k, D a n Greger ; Unknown Cave C harl es Fox, Chri s Clark D a n Greger ; Great Onyx Cave M att Me zy dl o Joyce Hoffma s ter Dick Market P ete Ro g ers.

PAGE 17

17 2006 EXPEDITION CALENDAR Before attending any expedition, you must contact the expedition leader as trip sizes may be limited Failure to contact the leader may prevent you from attending the expedition as the trip may be full. en at ADDRESS CORRECTIONS If you have changed phone number (i.e., area code split), e-mail address, or have moved, please send your information to: Phil DiBlasi POBox 126 Louisville, KY 40201-0126 THE CRF WEBSITE www.cave-research.org Contact your operations manager for the user id and password for the members-only section of the site.

PAGE 18

CAVE BOOKS Publications Affiliate of the Cave Research Foundation \MNW cayehQQks com ISBN' Q-939748 SAN' 216-722Q 80! lI/O} CAVE BOOKS Publications Bold Identifies NEW Publications Bridgemon & Lindsley Bullitt Casteret Chevalier Collins H & Lehrberger Conn & Conn Courbon et al. Crowther et al. Davidson & Bishop DeJoly Despain Exley Farr Farr Heslop Lawrence & Brucker McConnell Moore & Sullivan Northup et al. Nymeyer Oliphant Olson Olson & Hanion Palmer Reames et al. Steele Steward Watson P Watson R Watson R. et al. Willmes South China Caves Rambles in Mammoth Cave Ten Years Under the Earth Subterranean Climbers The Life and Death of Floyd 7 95 pb 6 95 pb 11. 95 pb 7 95 pb Collins 14 95 hb 10 95 pb The Jewel Cave Adventure 11. 95 pb AUas: Great Caves of the World 21. 95 pb The Grand Kentucky Junction (Signed by all 7 authors Ltd ed ) 100 00 pb Wi l derness Resources, MCNP 3 00 pb Memoirs of a Speleolog ist 10 95 hb 7 95 pb Hidden Beneath the Mountains : The Caves of Sequoia and K i ngs Canyon National Parks 1 2 95 pb Caverns Measureless to Man 125 00 Ltd ed hb 32 95 hb 21. 95 pb The Darkness Beckons 37 95 hb Darkness Beckons : Supplement 4 25 pb The Art of Cav i ng 9 95 pb The Caves Beyond Emergence, a novel pb 15 95 pb 19 95 hb 10.95 Speleology : Caves and the Cave Environment 21. 95 hb, 16 95 pb A Guide to Speleological Literature of the English Language 1794-1996 34 95 hb, 24 95 pb Carlsbad, Caves, and a Camera 11. 95 pb Alpine Karst 14 00 pb Prehistoric Cavers of Mammoth Cave Scary Stories of Mammoth Cave A Geological Guide to Mammoth Cave National Park Deep Secrets : The Discovery and Exploration of Lechuguilla Cave 6 95 pb 7.95 pb 7.95 pb 32 95 hb, 24 95 pb 10 95 pb Yochib : The River Cave True Tales of Terror in the Caves of the World Archeology of the Mammoth Cave Area Cav i ng CRF Origins and the F i rst Twelve Years 1957-1968 CRF Personnel Manual 10 95 pb 24.95 pb 3 00 pb 12 00 pb 10 00 pb CRF ANNUAL REPORTS & PIN CRF CRF CRF CRF CRF CRF CRF 1974 1978 Annual Reports 1975 1976 Annual Reports 1977 1980 Annual Reports 1981 1993 Annual Reports 1994 1997 Annual Reports 1998 2000 Annual Reports CRF PIN (3/ 4 d i am e ter. enam e led) = one volume Maps 15.00 pb 3 00 pb ea 4 00 pb ea 5 00 pb ea 10 00 pb 10 00 pb 5 00 Carlsbad Caverns 2.00 Kaemper Map of Mammoth Cave (ca. 1908) 3 00 Lee Cave, Mammoth Cave Nat i onal Park 4 00 Mammoth Cave Map Card 1 50 Mammoth Cave Poster Map 3 00 Mammoth Cave Poster Map (Col/ector's Edition) 25.00 Ogle Cave Carlsbad Caverns N P 1 50 Eighth International Congress Poster (1981) 2 00 Ackerman Black Borden & Brucker Brucker & R. Watson Callot F .M & Y Carstens & P. Watson Dasher Faust Finkel Fletcher George George George George Other Publishers The Moon by Whale Light 19 95 hb I Don t Play Golf 12 95 hb Beyond Mammoth Cave 59 95 hb, 26 95 pb The Longest Cave (new edit ion) 24 95 hb, 19 95 pb Photographier Sous Terre 20 00 hb Of Caves and Shell Mounds On Station Saltpetre Mining in Mammoth 28 95 pb 17 00 hb Cave 5.95 pb Going Under/Endurance, poems 9 95 pb The Man from the Cave 9 50 hb Mammoth Cave SaltPeter Works 24 95 pb Mummies, Catacombs and Mammoth Cave New Madrid Earthquake at Mammoth Cave Saltpeter & Gunpowder Manufacturing in Kentucky 16 50 pb 3.00 pb Griffin Listening in the Dark (Bats) 3 00 pb 6.00 pb 4 95 pb Halliday Floyd Collins of Sand Cave Hemple & Conover On Call Hill Geology of Carlsbad Caverns Hill & Forti Cave Minerals of the World Kerbo Batwings and Spider Eyes Klimchouk et al. Speleogenesis Kurten The Cave Bear Story Lewis Carter Caves State Park Long Rock Jocks Wall Rats, and Hang Dogs Adventure of Caving Corps of Engineers I nventory and 28 00 pb 15 00 pb 70 00 hb 8 00 pb 60.00 hb 9 95 hb 14 95 pb 11. 00 pb 14 95 pb McClurg McEachern & Grady Murray & Brucker Noswat Evaluation Calveras County CA 3 00 pb Trapped! The Floyd Collins Story 19.00 pb Nowak NSF NSF Padgett & Smith Prosser & Grey Rea Rother H. & C S i ffre Simpson Sloane Speleo Projects Steward Stone & Ende Taylor Taylor Turner Valli & Summers Watson, P Watson, R. Watson, R. Wefer Williams S end Orders To: Maws : Death in Big Cave National Monument Walker's Bats of the World Ensueno Cave Study Fountain N P Study On Rope Cave Diving Manual Caving Basics Lost Caves of St. Louis Les Animaux des Gouffres et des Cavernes Sex Lies & Survey Tape Cavers Caves and Caving Lechuguilla Jewel of the Underground Tales of Dirt, Danger, and 3 00 pb 19.95 pb 5.00 pb 5 00 pb 30 00 hb 25 00 pb 10 00 pb 9 95 pb 7 95 hb 11.95 pb 9 95 hb 56 00 hb Darkness Beyond the Deep Cave Passages Dark Life The Vampire Bat 8 95 pb 26 95 hp 15 00 hb 12 00 hb, 11.00 pb 10 00 hb Shadow Hunters : The Nest Gatherers of Tiger Cave Prehistory of Salts Cave In The Dartt Cave (Children) Under Plowman'. Floor Where the Sun Don't Shine Blue Crystal a novel 24 95 hb 9 95 pb 5.95 pb 10.95 hb 5.95 pb 19.95 hb CAVE BOOKS, 4700 Amberwood Dr., Dayton, OB 45424 E-mail Make checks payable to : CAVE BOOKS Posttzge & Handling: $3.00 for the first book, $ 75 for each additional book. $3. 00 for one to t e n maps or map cards rolled in one tube. (Outs i de USA double postage)


Description
Contents: 2005 CRF
Annual Report Submission Deadline is March 1, 2006 / Diana R.
Tomchick --
Tom Brucker Receives 2005 NSS Lew Bicking Award / Preston
and Shari Forsythe --
CRF Work in Carlsbad Caverns Longfellow's Bathtub /
William Payne --
CRF Lava Beds Overview 2005 / Pat Helton --
Regional Expedition Reports: Report of the October 14-16
CRF Lilburn Expedition and Pack Mule Extravaganza / John
Tinsley, CRF SEKI Operations --
Lilburn Cave: Columbus Day Weekend 2005 Expedition (Oct.
8-9) Expedition Leader: Jed Mosenfelder --
Ozarks Trips, December 2004 July 2005 / Mick Sutton --
Fitton Cave Expedition, December 2-4, 2005 Expedition
Leader: Scott House --
Mammoth Cave: August Expedition, August 5-7, 2005
Expedition Leaders: Janice Tucker and Dick Maxey --
Mammoth Cave: Columbus Day Expedition, October 7-10, 2005
Expedition Leader: John DeLong --
2006 Expedition Calendar.


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