Cave Research Foundation newsletter

Cave Research Foundation newsletter

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Cave Research Foundation newsletter
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Cave Research Foundation newsletter
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CRF newsletter
Cave Research Foundation
Cave Research Foundation
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Contents: Cave Conservancy Foundation Graduate and Undergraduate Fellowship Awards -- 2008 CRF Annual Meeting -- Cave Research Foundation Turns Fifty -- Celebrating 50 Years of CRF / Ralph Earlandson -- CRF 50th Anniversary Celebratoin / Laura J. Lexander -- Regional Expedition Reports: Lava Beds: Columbus Day Expedition: October 4-9, 2007 / Bruce Rogers and Pat Helton -- Lava Beds: Veterans Day Expedition: November 8-13, 2007 / "Beej Jorgensen" (aka Brian Hall), Bruce Rogers and Pat Helton -- Mammoth Cave: Labor Day Expedition, August 31-September 3,2007 Expedition Leaders: Bob, JoAnne and Maggie Osburn / Bob Osburn -- Mammoth Cave: Thanksgiving Expedition, November 21-25, 2007 Expedition Leaders: PJ DiBlasi and JM Hemberger Camp Managers: Buz and Henry Grover / Phil DiBlasi -- Obituary: Dr. Robert "Robbie" Gorden Babb II, NSS 8480RL / J. Corcoran III, NSS 7156FE -- 2008 Expedition Calendar.
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Vol. 36, no. 1 (2008)
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CRF NEWSLETTER Volume 36 No.1 established 1973 S end all article s and r e port s for submi s sion to: William P a yne E ditor 5213 Brazos, Midland TX 79707-3161 The CRF New s lett e r i s a quart erly publication of the Cav e Research F oundation a non-profit organization inc orporated in 1957 unde r the laws of Kentuck y for the purpose of furthering res e arch conservation and education about cave s and karst. Newsletter Submissions & Deadlines: Original articles and photographs are welcome If intending to jointly submit material to another publication, please inform the CRF editor Publication cannot be guaranteed, espe cially if submitted elsewhere All material is subject to revi sion unless the author specifically requests otherwise For timel y publication please observe thes e deadlines : Febru ary issue by December I May i ssue by March I Augu s t issue by June I November issue by September I Before submitting material please see publication guidelines at: www cave-research org NEWSLETTER STAFF: Content Editor: William Payne, Layout and Photo s: Ralph Earlandson, Mailing : Bob Hoke, b 2008 Cave Research Foundation Cave Research Foundation Board of Directors President Scott House Vice President Joel Despain Treasurer Bob Hoke, Secretary Bernie Szukalski, Hamilton Valley Director Pat Kambesis George Crothers Charles Fox, Joyce Hoffmaster, Pat Seiser Diana Tomchick Operations Council Barbe Barker (Guadalupes) Mick Sutton (Ozarks) Pat Helton & Bruce Rogers (Lava Beds) Dave West (Eastern) John Tinsley (Sequoia/Kings Canyon) For information about the CRF contact: Scott House 1606 Luce St. Cape Girardeau MO 63701-5208 phone 573-651-3782 Donations to CRF should be sent to : Bob Hoke CRF Tre asurer 6304 Kaybro St. Laurel MD 2 0707-2621 2 Cave Conservancy Foundation Graduate and Undergraduate Fellowship Awards The Cave Conservancy Foundation will award an Undergraduate Fellowship in Karst Studies for $5000 an M S Graduate Fellowship in Karst Studies for $5000 and a Ph D Graduate Fellowship in Karst Studies for $15,000 in 2008 Any study of caves and karst in any field including but not limited to archeol ogy, biology, engineering geography, geology, and social sciences will be considered The research can involve any cave and karst areas including those out side the United States Applicants must be full-time graduate or undergraduate students at a U.S. college or university Applicants for the undergraduate fellowship must include a letter of intent, a proposal of the research not to exceed 5000 words a letter of support from the un dergraduate advisor and undergraduate transcripts. Mail applications before May 1, 2008 to Cave Conser vancy Foundation, Attn : Undergraduate Fellowship Program, 13131 Overhill Lake Lane, Glen Allen, VA 23059. The award will be announced by June 1,2008. For more information contact Dr. Horton H. Hobbs III, at Department of Biology, Wittenberg University, P O Box 720 Springfield OH 45501-0720, via e-mail at Applicants for the graduate fellowships (M.S. and Ph D ) must include a letter of intent, a curriculum vita, a thesis proposal, graduate transcripts and two letters of recommendation, one being from the thesis advisor. Mail applications before June 1,2008 to Cave Conservancy Foundation, Attn : Graduate Fel lowship Program, 13131 Overhill Lake Lane, Glen Allen, VA 23059 The award will be announced by July 1,2008. For more information contact Dr. David C. Culver, at Department of Biology, American Uni versity, 4400 Massachusetts Ave. NW, Washington DC 20016-8007, via e-mail at 2008 CRF Annual Meeting The CRF Annual Meeting will be in the Carlsbad NM vicinity on the weekend of November 1-2,2008. Barbe is in charge of meeting arrangements only. The national expedition will be the week prior (Oct 27-31) in the same general area Details are being worked out by Pat Kambesis and Joel Despain at this time. Cover Photo On October 18,2007, just before CRF's 50th Anniver sary celebration, a group of twelve cavers made the Flint Ridge-Mammoth Cave connection starting at the Austin Entrance and going out the Historic Entrance Photo by Jackie Wheat.


3 Cave Research Foundation Turns Fifty Editor's note: The following two articles, by Ralph Earlandson and Laura 1. Lexander, describe the CRF 50th Anniversary Celebration held at Hamilton Valley, outsIde of Mammoth Cave National Park, on October 19-21, 2007. Both articles were originally published in the December 2007 issue of The Windy City Spe l e onews Laura 1. Lexander s article was also pub lished in the January 2008 NSS News. Celebrating 50 Years of CRF By: Ralph Earlandson Over 150 people converged on the Cave Research Foundation Center at Hamilton Valley for the CRF 50th Anniversary Celebration. The main event ran Friday to Sunday, but there were caving trips to the Mammoth Cave system beginning on Wednesday Trips included the New Discovery, the Flint Ridge to Mammoth connection and Roppel. The goal of the connection trip was to re-enact the original 1972 Flint Mammoth connection, but the Tight Spot proved too much for several people, and the nearby second con nection route was done instead I arrived at Hamilton Valley on Friday afternoon. A ,new sign only a month old and reading CAVE RESEARCH FOUNDA nON HAMIL TON V ALLEY RESEARCH STATION, greeted participants as they made the final tum toward the center. A large white tent had been erected on the grounds for the Saturday night banquet. Rather than spend two out of the three days driving from Chicago, I booked a cheap flight to Nashville and rented a car leaving only a 90-minute drive to Hamilton Valley. As the bunk houses and camping space at HV had already filled by the time I registered, I took advantage of a special CRF rate at the Park Mammoth Hotel in Park City. I got to HV in time to go to Caverna Elementary School in Cave City for the exhibition of the 50-by-60foot master map of the Mammoth Cave system, show ing all known passages of the 370-mile-long system, the world s longest. It was all laid out on the gym The Spelee Hut (front) now in Hamilton Valley next to the Hoffmast e r House. Photo by Ralph Earlandson floor, and everyone was required to remove their shoes before stepping out on the map. It was quite a scene, with cavers milling about on the cave map. This map was first displayed, in the same manner, at this year's NSS Convention in Indiana Friday evening was a time for socializing, and there was plenty of food. In addition to many people I've known from CRF expeditions over the years, I saw several I hadn't seen in 30 years or more Atten dance by Windy City Grotto members was light, how ever. In addition to myself, only Laura Lexander and her daughter Evelyn, plus Don Kerouac, were there. On Saturday morning I joined a tour group that visited the historic Collins House and ticket office near the entrance to Floyd Collins Crystal Cave, one of the major entrances to the Flint Ridge part of the Mammoth Cave system. These two buildings had been restored and re-painted. For a long time the Collins House served as the bunkhouse for CRF expe ditions, with the kitchen and meeting rooms in the nearby Austin House, which has since been removed It was here that I stayed during the first few years after I first became involved with CRF in 1987 We then walked about a quarter mile down the road to the site of the Spelee Hut, where CRF was first based. The Spelee Hut has been moved to Hamilton Valley and restored. The tour group next went on a short tour of Floyd Collins Crystal Cave, but I was signed up for the after noon CRF tour of Mammoth Cave, so I caught a ride back to HV to get a quick lunch before joining the first group at the Historic Entrance Due to park policy limiting group size, there were two groups ofCRF members of about 60 each The trip was a three-mile lantern tour starting at the Historic Entrance and end ing at Violet City. There were stops that featured short talks by CRF members on their specialties in research or exploration. This was intended to replace an afternoon of speeches and slide presentations, while giving people an opportunity to see an impres sive section of Mammoth Cave. We first saw the saltpeter works dating back to the War of 1812, and then we stopped at the Methodist Church, just beyond the saltpeter works. There, ge ologist Art Palmer gave a short presentation on the cave system's geology. At Booth's Amphitheater, Rick Olson talked about saltpeter mining. At the Star Chamber we took seats on long benches, while several presenters gave their talks. Patty Jo Watson talked about cave archaeology At Wright's Rotunda, Mick Sutton and Sue Hagen spok e about the Mammoth Cave Gaz e tteer as a repository for


place names. At St. Catherine's City, Tom Brucker, Bob Osburn and Aaron Addison gave an overview of the evolution ofCRF cave surveying. Because many of the original surveys did not meet current standards, much of today's activity is devoted to re-surveying Most notably lacking in the early surveys were cli nom enter readings and backsights We saw some very large and impressive rooms, including Chief City and the 100-foot-high Elizabeth's Dome At Violet City, just before we exited the cave, we saw a large flows tone display Once everyone had returned from the cave, we all converged on the great tent for the banquet. There were two serving lines, and entrees included pork and chicken. There was plenty of wine. Following dinner, CRF president Scott House gave a speech and pre se nted awards, including the naming of several new CRF Fellows. Then he called on about a dozen promi nent CRF members to give short talks on their experi ences in CRF. Following the banquet we adjourned to the main hall for a 3-D slide show by Peter and Ann Bosted, two of the most famous cave photographers in the country. Their first show was about Mammoth Cave its elf, and their photos really gave life to the cave's passages, and gypsum flowers appeared to literally pop out ofthe screen. Then they gave a shuw on New Mexico's Lechuguilla Cave. The three-dimensional views of the cave's unique formations were truly awe some. Following the Bosteds' program, historical (2-D now) slides of CRF activities were shown Here we could see some of the old timers when they were much younger. Partying continued well into the night. Sunday morning was a time of saying good-byes and beginning the various journeys home The weather for the weekend was very good, and was con ducive to a great celebration. This was certainly the largest event of its kind for CRF, dwarfing the 40th Anniversary in 1997 A great time was had by all! 4 CRF 50th Anniversary Celebration By: Laura J. Lexander The Cave Research Foundation celebrated its 50th year anniversary the weekend of October 19-21 at the Hamilton Valley Facility just outside Mammoth Cave National Park Though I didn't go caving, I still thor oughly enjoyed visiting with my friends and meeting several prominent figures of the organization's past. What can a person do during an 8 hour drive ? Physically, not much besides controlling the car, but mentally .. well, that's a lot of time for a mind to wander. I didn't have the entire time to myself since my 11 month old daughter was with me, but while she slept, which was for several hours, I found myself with ample time to think. For every expedition I go to on the way there my anticipation grows to the point where it's barely containable by the time I exit the highway onto the winding, narrow roads of the rural Kentucky countryside. On the way home I am usually overwhelmed with mixed emotions because while I hate leaving I know I'll be back again. During that long stretch of time, I am usually able to resolve the turmoil in my head. The weather for both days was perfect, the air cool and crisp, with the sun's rays warm. Soon after I arrived Friday afternoon, we headed over to a nearby elementary school where the huge map of the Mam moth Cave System was spread out across the gymna sium floor. Friday evening I learned about the history of the Hoffmaster House and Saturday morning I saw it and the Spelee hut for the first time! Len: The CRF tOllr of Mammoth Cave stops in the Star Chamber of Mammoth Cave. Note the hi s toric signatures. Photo by Ralph Earlandson. Right : Flo y d Collins coffin in its original location in Floyd Collins Oystal Cave. Photo tak en ill 1969 by A rt Palmer.


On Saturday afternoon, for about 5 hours, two lar ge groups of us went into Mammoth Cave a half hour apart through the Historic Entrance and walked the tourist paths to the Violet City Entrance. We lis tened to several people talk about their respective re search in areas such as geology, archeology, and car tography We even heard Roger Brucker's story about his first visit to Mammoth Cave. He told us about it at the very place where he became enraptured with cave's mysteries. By the time we left the cave, instead of being tired, I was full of energy. That evening we all banqueted together under a huge white tent erected on the grounds. I've never seen so man y people gathered together at the Hamil ton Valley Facility! During the banquet, several peo ple were recognized and awarded, especially those w ho were fundamental elements of the CRF. Scott House was the main speaker and he also told us some short caving stories that had everyone wildly laughing. I found myself overpowered by the camaraderie that was palpable in the air. Afterward, two amazing 3D 5 slideshows were played in the main building and eve ryone conversed late into the night. Meeting and spending time with some of the peo ple responsible for the existence of the organization and who over the years were essential to its survival was an amazing experience. It was also wonderful to spend time with the friends I already have, getting to know a few of them a little better. When I saw how that mix of people interacted I realized that the ric h history of the Cave Research Foundation is inter woven into the present. But more than that, I saw how the organization is afamity. And while I've only been attending expeditions for 2 years, it's already become an integral part of my life The Hamilton Valley Fa cility is a second home to me and I feel like I am also part of that family. For more information about the Cave Research Foundation, please visit http: // cave-research org and / or read The Caves Beyond, The Long es t Cave, and Beyond Mammoth Cave. Left: Stan Sides in 1969. Right: Carol Hill at Spelee Hut in 1969 Photos by Art Palm er.


6 I REGIONAL EXPEDITION REPORTS I Lava Beds: Columbus Day Expedition: October 4-9, 2007 By: Bruce Rogers and Pat Helton Despite terrible weather including heavy rain, hori zo ntal hail and blowing snow, Ops Managers Pat Helton and Bruce Rogers arrived at the Research Cen ter in Lava Beds National Monument well after mid night on October 4th, laden with supplies for the expe dition This storm was the same that took the life of George Moore, long-time caver, geologist and spe leologist extraordinaire, and friend of many CRF folks The following day they continued with adminis trative tasks and revising the expedition leader manual until Bill Devereaux, Site Manager arrived at dinner time from Crater Lake. The three worked on reports and such until late, then turned in at II PM; San Fran cisco Bay Chapter caver Mary Rose and Mother Lode Grotto's Marc Hasbrouck arrived quietly at 2 AM. Saturday morning, October 6, dawned a clear and crisp 23 degrees. Cyndie Walck and NPS Shane Fryer arrived at mid-morning and the day's plans were set into motion. A large party descended upon Golden Dome Cave and continued mapping this large lava tube. Mary, a new caver, was introduced to the delights of lava tube mapping, initially in walking pas sage and later, just so she'd not think all lava tubes were pieces of cake to map, a pair of cauliflower lava floored under 0 3-meter ceiling height crawlways (yes, for those not familiar with this type of lava tube passage, it as terrible as it sounds). These low cauli flower lava-floored passages meandered off in an in viting Y towards an area of no known passage between Golden Dome and Thunderbolt Caves. This was of "some interest" as connecting these sections of the Labyrinth System of Cave Loop would instantly add nearly a mile of cave to the existing 2 miles of cave we'd been surveying over the past year or so. Alas the passages ended in lava seals or pinched to sub human size, but still blowing large amounts of cold air. However, among the other delights the team found were several small pools located between the floor ropes of pahoehoe lava. These are of note as they often harbor troglobitic invertebrates. In several other areas, concentrations of bat and mice bones were being slowly washed clean from the rare sediment deposits by tiny water drips deep within the cave. By 5 : 30 PM the team was thoroughly beat and a general retreat was called. We had set 24 stations and taped more than 600 feet of passage survey, some of it new passage not present on the 1990 Waters maps. In the meantime, Pat Helton was busy in the Monument li brary and archives digging out more references to the cave names who, why, when, and so Oil. All turned to and made a huge pot of multi-bean soup under the direction of Pat with accompanying cornbread, brownies, and side dishes concocted by several others. Eventually all called it a day after spir ited discussion fueled by copious libations offermented and non-fermented beverages. As usual Helton and Rogers burned the midnight oil dealing with the seemingly never-ending pile of paperwork. Left: Bi/! De ve reaux c hats with Mmy Rose about how to set stations in the middle of Golden Dome Cave The white-appearing pat c hes on the ce iling are actually bright golden-colored "gold cave slime" that gives the cave its lIallle Note the ce iling slab breakdown with lava c icles on lower surfaces ... also neat fit back up into ceiling r ece sses. Right: Marc Hasbrouck lIIakes station as Mmy Ros e looks on Cyndie Walck takes data and Shane F,:l'er m.) sketches ill the e ast el'l1 part of Golden Dome Cave on Cave Loop in Lava Beds Note the clean lava ./loor with coo ling co ntra c tion c ra c k : also roof br ea kdown. Photos by Bruce Rogers


Sunday saw the same cast of characters return to the golden cave-slime-bedecked halls of Golden Dome Cave for more survey This time the teams surveyed just less than 600 feet of additional passage, again some of it uncharted on past surveys. Once again lava seals dashed our hopes. Several of these passages led off towards an adjacent cave Maze Cave that was of substantial size Among the more forgettable incidents on this trip was Rogers gently scolding a Park visitor for smoking in the cave despite having to walk past a No Smoking in Cave" sign posted at the cave's entrance In addition to ersatz law e nforcement duties the crew also found troglobitic millipedes in tiny floor pools in the Deflated Pool Room, and several lava features that made geologist Rogers' heart pound : lava roses produced by liquid rock burbling up through small apertures in the cool ing lava floor and rafted blocks the size of tables were well represented in this area of the cave Again it was hunger that drove the teams back to the surface, but not until Rogers noticed a flat slit in one of the larger rooms that apparently led towards blank spots on the maps and suggested a short con tinuation of the mapping trip. A general mutiny en sued and the promise of a pasta dinner got the upper hand. Dinner was another group effort with pasta, garlic bread, and dessert accompanied by libations that left 7 everyone satisfied that they'd done a full day s work On Monday most of the troops head back towards Sacramento, San Francisco, and other points in be tween. Pat and Bruce, however, spent yet another day working on more paperwork. In the afternoon just for a break, they headed east out of the monument and visited the little hamlet of Tionesta 1.R Shaw in 1931, founder of his Shaw Lumber Company, named this little community after the Tionesta Forest in Pennsyl v ania. The summer resort" and fall hunters camp was as tumbledown as ever, but nearby a new RV camp had gone in. Fortunately none of the residents seemed to know of the several large lava tubes in their front yards. Rogers and Helton also stopped at the twin entrances to California's Mammoth Cave, an over 8,000 foot-long lava tube with enough variety of pas sages even terribly muddy ones -to qualify as a "real cave." A short amble around the area did turn up a possible, pumice-choked entrance between basalt boulders, but no open, going passage yet. This large cave is, amazingly, formed in part of the same lava flow that contains most of the caves in Lava Beds. Mammoth Cave's large truck-sized passages, however, are more than 8 miles east of any other known caves. Tuesday, October 9, Pat and Bruce worked a bit on Pat's cave names project cleaned up the Research Center, chatted a bit with Monument staff, then headed south back to the SF Bay Area some 10 hours away. Left: Bill Devereaux marks a station in the middle reaches of Golden Dome Cave on Cave Loop. Note the thick breakdown slabs he is working under Close examination shows that several chair-sized blocks fell from the ceil ing of the passage shortly after it formed about 38, 000 years ago. Because they lost their adjacent support two large and still hot ceiling slabs slowly plastically sagged, and then ''fell'' gently to thejloor of the tube Right: At dinner in the Resource Center (RC) a bemused Mary Rose (I. ), thoughtful Bill Devereaux, Pat Helton pointing a very tired Shane Fryer, and imbibing Cyndie Walck discuss Marc Hasbrouck's (standing) offering of far too much variousl y jlavoredfudge after a huge dinner ofFesh salad, multi-bean & pasta soup, garlic Fren c h br ead, and wine Our motto : just because one is w o rking in the wilderness doesn't mean one has to eat primitiv e foods. Not e the rejlections of the green Lava Lamp and magenta Flamingo Lamp in ba c k Lab windows lit ea ch night to show ( warn ? ) anyone approaching the RC that c av ers are present. Photos by Bruce Rogers.


8 Lava Beds: Veterans Day Expedition: November 8-13, 2007 By: "Beej Jorgensen" (aka Brian Hall), Bruce Rogers and Pat Helton (On Thursday, November 8, Pat and Bruce drove up the Great Valley to the Oregon border, turned hard a starboard, and rolled into the Lava Beds Research Center late at night. After borrowing Chief Ranger Terry Harris's master key set, we let ourselves in, re turned the keys, and unpacked for the long weekend. The balance of this report is Beej's trip log, with occa sional comments by LaBe Ops Managers BRiPH.) Friday, November 9, 2007: Departed Berkeley at 8am. After a straight four-hour bum up The Valley, I stopped in Burney for gas and Parmesan cheese, which I had forgotten. From there, it should be two hours to Lava Beds, but there was all kinds of single lane construction on State Highway 299 slowing me down and I'd need to beat six hours to make it to the 2 PM CRF-NPS meeting. The trip along Highway 299 from Redding to Bieber on the way to Lava Beds is geologically inter esting, with lots of basalt, copper-bearing, ca:,ernous limestone near the town of Ingot, and volcamc ash outcrops near the Pit River. It's also automotively teresting, with good high-speed twists and turns as weaves through the hills out of Redding. Near the PIt River the road is carved into a not-so-solid-Iooking red breccia cliff; it affords excellent views into the gorge below, including those of Pit River Falls, a massive cataract even in summer. Keeping a weather eye out for police, I turned north on Lookout Road. Checking the time, I saw it was going to be close. There was the annual CRFI NPS meeting at the admin building that I didn't want to miss. Usually I did miss it, but today I was feeling like I wanted to be more involved. Lookout Road is a great drive through rolling hills and forests, over lava flows and cattle guards. I blasted it through it for the n-th time. The crunchy dirt road that leads to Damon Cave flashed by in an instant, and I wistfully thought, like I always do, that I should drive down there and try to find it again ... perhaps another trip. Turning north on State Highway 139, I was clos ing on the park fast. At Perez (a town which is on. my map, but doesn't seem to exist in any other apprecIable way other than a railroad siding name) I turned left onto a narrow bumpy paved road, and closed the two miles to the hamlet of Tionesta in short order. Turning right toward Lava Beds, I left Dead Coyote Cave and Tionesta Cave behind, once again unexplored. I raced past Mammoth Cave, an 8000-plus-foot lava tube I've never seen. 20 minutes to the meeting. The terrain gets more Lava Beds-y now, with lots of sage and juniper trees. Little Sand Butte is easily viewed from this narrow road that can be closed in winter due to snow. Not today, though, it was warm and sunny and I was pleased the weatherman was wrong. As if to make up for lost time in road construc tion on 299 the south Lava Beds entrance road was recently pa;ched! Amazing! I have never seen this road in a state of repair, and the trip down it is usually some white-knuckle dodges and grimacing bottom outs even at low speeds. The patchwork maze, how ever, afforded high speeds. Watch for deer. Watch for debris. Honk at a fat squirrel. I remember the old potholes and see where they are patched. Blin.d right tum over this rise demands lower speed. I oblIge. I have been here more times than I can remember; I know this road like the back of my hand. I think to myself, correctly, that I will pass the park entrance in 15 seconds. Speed limit: 35 mph. Getting to the campground turnoff, I passed and said hi to Bill Devereaux who. was on his way to the Admin building for the meetmg; he went up early to make photocopies. Everyone else was still in the Research Center (RC). A couple min utes later, I arrive at the RC. The clock says I left home 5 hours 48 minutes ago. The GPS says I've been moving for 5 hours 24 minutes. The Man says he'd better not catch me 'round these parts. Liz and Jim Wolff, Pat Helton, and Bruce Rogers were all at the RC, and I hitched a ride with them for the leisurely drive up to administration. During the meeting, we took a look at the to-do list for the CRF folks that Shane Fryer, the NPS Cave Specialist/CRF liaison, has in mind. Of course, a quick glimpse of the sheet shows that it contains ap proximately 10 years of work (I figure I am not exag gerating, so please come up to help out!) so we all had a good laugh at Shane's optimism, something we could safely do because he was on vacation in the Car ibbean at the time. Our no-brainer winner in terms of what to work on next is to continue to survey in South Labyrinth Cave. We've been working on it for nearly two years, and we're "almost" done, so we'll keep cracking at it. Note that the word "almost" draws spe cial attention to the word that will make you chuckle knowingly. Several backup projects were also identi fied (other surveys, GPSing cave locations, clean-up, etc.) that we could work on if we can't work South Labyrinth (due to migrating Townsend Big-Eared Bats, meteorite strikes, etc.) There are now over 750 caves in the park; I'm sure we'll think of something to do. Another meeting highlight was Liz Wolffs pres entation to the park of her recently completed hand-


drawn map of Hopkins' Chocolate Cave, the survey of which I was pleased to be involved with A gorgeous map, it's a welcome addition to the park's collection. One hour stretched into three, and before we knew it, the meeting was over. The rest of the evening involved a) cooking a massive pot of soup, b) beer, c) cake d) pie, and e) sociali z ing over all of it. It's always good to see every one again Soup : excellent. The join effort under Pat's direction resulted in a great meal, and Bill made his delicious garlic bread, as always. The pies also worked out well, with Marc bringing an apple pie of his own making, and Yours Truly baking a pumpkin pie on the spot from scratch. We're all overfed from this day's work. Mmmm. Tomorrow I suspect Liz will want us to do some actual work bright and early. This is going to involve what I'm told is "only" two more shots in Golden Dome Cave (part of South Labyrinth)--but I suspect this will actually be more From there we go to Miter tite Hall, a relatively short cave with large passages to survey Mitertite Hall itself is actually part of South Labyrinth Cave. I know this because I was there with Shane when we forced our way through scads of ugly breakdown to connect the two of them. In the middle of the breakdown belly crawl, there's actually a small triangular window that enticingly looks directly out side, mere inches away. But I can't fit through it. That will be an "interesting" survey, when we get to it. (This terrible crawl was first pushed in 1989 by a slim mer Bruce Rogers, but not surveyed at the time due to a lack of others willing to bend into impossible posi tions-BRlPH) 9 Saturday, November 10: Rising bright and early is the norm for Monsieur Bill Devereaux. Therefore, rising nearly-as-bright and early is the norm for those of us who like to sleep on the front room couch but that's okay. I can sit up, crack the blinds, and look out on the gorgeous Lava Beds sunrise, the sight of which I never tire Coffee was made, breakfasts worked on, lunches prepared, and so on and so forth. Gradually the crowd returned to life. I took my coffee and oatmeal and stepped out on the front porch in my pajamas, barefoot and all. The biting morning chill permeated the air, and the fiery orange sun peeked through layers of distant, rain-laden clouds. It had rained during the night, and the air smelled of damp sagebrush the trademark smell of The Lava Beds. Liz was eager to hit the road, as always, and, in credibly, we managed to make it out of the RC before lOAM. It was still chilly outside so layers and b a la clavas went a long way toward staying comfy. We drove up to Golden Dome to finish the survey off, as there was one small squeeze lead that hadn't yet been pushed, and we're always keen to finish a cave map. This day I'd be trying something new : sketching. After years of them threatening to teach me to sketch and me calling them on it repeatedly, they finally stuck a book in my hands and turned me loose. Woo hoot Liz was doing the real sketch for the cave and 1 was to shadow her for practice And, she later informed me, this was important since she and Jim were leaving to night, and I'd be leading the survey in Mitertite Hall tomorrow Yow! Nothing like a quick trial and con viction by fire Hopefully I do ok with that! (He did just fine BRlPH) Left: Liz Wolfffinishes up her notes Jim Wolf continues with a cave features inventory', and Bill Devereaux ges tures magi c ally for lunch to show up as the CRF crew finishes up the last shots in Golden Dome Cave in Lava Beds (And no the lunch didn t show despite Bill s best efforts) Right: The southern entrance to Balcony Cham ber Cav e is lined with curbs levees, and all manner of lava toes and flows. These formed as the last of the molten lava partly flowed out of the tube n e arly 38, 000 years ago The rubble covering the floor peeled off the tube s ce il ing and walls shortl y after the tube cooled. In the 1930's the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) built trails su c h as this one through many of the Lava Beds caves Photos by Bruce Rogers


The lead was low, and from the mouth, of course, looked like it might go. There wasn't really room for two in the passage as the ceiling was low and studded with thin lava stalactites and floor equally marked with thin lava fins all terribly fragile. Liz carefully belly crawled in with a set of instruments and the end of the tape knotted to her bootlaces. After a few minutes careful travel she determined that it really just might go. No longer content to bide my time, Jim Wolff and I ran downstream looking for a connector. Over some breakdown and around a comer, I found a low upper level tube with a nasty aa floor headed back right to ward her. Jim pushed one branch to a dead end, and I pushed another to a probably dead-end, but I couldn't wedge myself through the aa squeeze with all my grab by clothes (It's just as well since I later heard that Shane, Cyndie Walck, and Mary Rose recently sur veyed back there and found that it was far too tight. Pity, as there's airflow out of it.) Meanwhile, Liz came to a too-tight squeeze, and that was that. It might con nect and is probably related but we'll have to wait for the map to see how close the passages get. While all this was going on, Marc and Bruce were scouring the walls with a small UV light looking for the station from the previous survey (We now mark important survey stations with UV paint to assisting in relocating them -BRlPH). Finally locating it, they did a shot up to where Liz had been crawling, and I hope fully began my sketching career. All this being completed, we headed over to Mi tertite Hall to start the survey there. We began at the bronze survey pin near the entrance, and surveyed down into the collapse trench as well as a couple shots into the cave. I struggled to keep up with the sketch ing, drawing plan, profile, and cross sections, and I fear I'll hold the guys back tomorrow, but what do you want for the first day, anyway? (Taking Beej aside, we exp l ained that he and he alone as sketcher, was to set the pace of the survey party ... that seemed to calm him a bit BRlPH) We surveyed into a previously unmapped side loop but it was very, very tight. Bill made a valiant effort to make it through by shedding his outer layers and decided he'd try again in the summer with less bulky clothing (presumably when it's warmer!), but a shouting connection was made. The entrance to Mitertite Hall has some brilliant lava "bathtub rings and great examp les of pahoehoe toe s, and is a fine place to eat lunch sheltered from the cold wind. ("Please don't eat food in the ::aves ." ) We a l so took a shot down into the southern breakdown passage that Shane and I had explored during the sum mer but we didn't pursue it. That probably won't hap pen this trip since it'll involve some twisted crawling 10 shots that quite frankly will be more fun to do when it's warmer than 42F in the windy breakdown pile. Tomorrow, the plan is to survey around the top of the collapse in the morning, then drop down to into the cave after completing that. We'll be four people, Bruce, Mark, Bill, and I. (Monday will just be Bruce and I in the field unless we can recruit somebody else from the park.) Calling it a day, we headed back to the RC to get ready for dinner. It was supposed to be just us and one or two people from the Park, but Pat overheard a ranger in the VC saying to another "Are you going to the Research Center tonight for dinner? I hear it's CRF burrito nighd" Uh oh! We only have so much food! Fortunately, the extra turnout was only four, great folks all, and it was a pleasure to meet them for food and drink. Lots of burritos were made and eaten lots of wine was poured and consumed, and many, many desserts were prepared. We had two kinds of sweet bread, one with chocolate, as well as apple pie, pump kin pie, and fresh homemade vanilla ice cream. You see what you miss by not coming on the CRF Lava Beds trips? That's right. Way too late in the night Liz and Jim Wolffleft for home as their other life called to them early the next morning. Sunday, November 11: Without Liz to drag us out the door, it took a bit longer this morning, but we were still on the road by 10: 30 AM or so, headed up to sur vey around the collapse trench at Mitertite Hall. Once again, the morning was brilliantly clear and cool but warming quickly. Perfection. After a quick stop at the Visitor Center failed to find one of the rangers who had expressed interest in coming along, we drove around Cave Loop Road to get to the cave. But, of course, we had to stop near The Cata combs to check out a couple other holes in the ground along the way Amazingly, none of us (myself, Bill, Marc, nor Bruce) had been in this particular collapse area, but it had two short but bona fide caves and two other side grottos, one of which contained an excellent little lava fall with a squeeze alcove at the top. Good stuff! (One of the caves, a Whopping 25 feet from the road, was tentatively named Obvious Cave ... guess why? BR-PN). Anyway, we really had to get on with surveying. So we drove to our destination and parked. But first we had to GPS some survey pins at the entrances of several caves These bronze mini benchmarks are embedded in the rock near the up stream dripline of each cave, stamped with the cave's name and number, and the coordinates recorded with a GPS. Unfortunately, some of the pins locations were obtained when the pre-2000 "selective availability for GPS units was in effect, so their locations aren't very exact. So when we get a nice sunny warm winter day


like today, it's perfect for running around and doing this. The first pin was easy to find, but the second pin wasn't. I was pretty sure the collapse trench in ques tion was across the road, so we headed over there, but couldn't find a pin. We walked all around, looking, looking Looking. And, of course, taking little side tours of the tunnels in this part of cave loop. It was the heart of South Labyrinth Cave, and there are many twisty little passages, all different. Bill showed us the too-tight entrance to a gaping dark room, and he didn't believe me when I said we surveyed through the win dow last year. 1 told them I'd run around to peek through, promptly got disoriented, failed to find the connection, and lost all my credibility in the process. But I still am certain we have surveyed there. Sorry, Bill, but I'll stake a six-pack of Oregon's finest Dead Guy Ale on it. (Quote from the trip: "I have six Dead Guys in the 'fridge.") We left the cave and continued searching for the pin, and at long last Bill noticed an empty drill hole right where I had initially led us. The pin had been stolen. "Heck." Well, okay, in any case, it was now getting on the morning and threatening to be lunchtime without any survey being done. That would have been shameful, so we made haste back to Mitertite Hall, set up on the pin, and ran a number of splayed shots around the entrance collapse. A few of them were made in the general vicinity of where 1 remember we surveyed a year ago, so we should be able to connect* to it once we find the past survey notes The splays tied into yesterday's survey in two places, so that will help with accuracy. We then 11 dropped into the cave and decided to survey the small northwest lobe of the cave--it would only be three shots. The survey of the long uncomfortable break down connection between Mitertite Hall and the rest of South Labyrinth will have to wait until we, shall we say, feel like doing it. In the section we surveyed today, however, Mi tertite has a great pahoehoe floor with little overflow lobes, bathtub rings, and lots of cemented breakdown A small tube-in-a-tube leads to the very back of the chamber, where the ceiling squeezes down to ... a 5inch-high hole which is blowing air out of a large chamber beyond that goes back at least 15 feet to darkness. Gah! There are too-tights like this in both The Catacombs and Sunshine Cave, and they're infernally frustrating to see! This one, especially, because it heads enticingly off in the direction of Thunderbolt Cave, which is one we desperately want to connect with. But I digress The survey went fairly painlessly for those of us who weren't crammed into the tiny space at the end of the room trying to get a elino read ing (sorry Marc), and we wrapped up the section, and called it a day. This was just after a quick run-through of the rest of Mitertite Hall, for fun ... er, I mean "science." It's a great cave with a fair amount of braided large passage. Back home, it was more delicious leftover soup for dinner and even more dessert, then a jaunt outside in the freezing night air to look at the celestial fuzz ball known as Comet Holmes Later I scanned and imported the map data into Therion* to produce a PDF of the last two days' work. This took until the small hours of the night-who needs sleep? More hacking is Left: "Bee) Jorgensen strides across the collapse trench near The Catacombs while Marc Hasbrouck finishes notes and Bill Devereaux pulls tape while surveying the area near several newly added caves to the Lava Beds cave list. There are now (as of December, 2007) over 750 known caves within the Monument Photo by Bruce Rogers. Right: Bee) Jorgensen" kneels beside the Lava Brook in Lava Brook Cave part of the Labyrinth Cave System. This feature was named in the 1920's by Judd D Howard an early caver pioneer who explored and named many caves and features in the Modoc Lava Beds as the area was known as in that time frame Photo by Brian Hall (aka Bee) Jorgensen).


required to make this produce Lava Beds-style maps, but it's only a matter of time until I have it working the way I want it to. It's great for producing quick work ing maps of a partially surveyed cave : < bJ1p; I I theri on .spe l>. Monday, November 12: Since it was so sunny and warm yesterday, we decided to run around outdoors today and do some work. Of course, that meant that it was overcast and drizzling, but that's not enough to stop us. I also decided I was going to GPS some of the new trails that were out there, so I told the guys I was going to meet them out at Big Painted Cave. I started off on foot, down to the campground and out Bunch grass Trail up to the Bunchgrass Overlook. Misty rain cooled me, and I kept a brisk pace so as not to keep the guys waiting For the OpenStreetMap project that I post my trails information on, see : Bunchgrass Trail runs from the campground up to a vista pOint on the main Monument Road, and from there I could see the Symbol Bridge trail parking lot. US Government pickup truck wasn't there yet, as tar as I could see, which was good because I still had to backtrack to the turnoff for Missing Link trail. Missing Link is a newer trail that is meant to make a loop from the campground out Three Sisters Trail to Lyons Trail, back to Skull Cave, and then back to the campground It also leads directly to the Symbol Bridge Trail parking lot, a stone s throwaway from Skull Cave Starting down from the vista point, I turned back and saw the guys drive by in the pickup. I made haste to Missing Link. For a trail that runs across a lava field it's a pretty easy walk. The terrain undulates over large lava protrusions covered with sage and bunchgrass, and the rain even abated after a few min utes. In short order, I arrived at the Symbol Bridge Trail parking lot and kept up the pace to Big Painted Cave. The guys were already there and Bill was hard at work with the first task of the day: replacing the survey pin that had been found to be loose earlier in the year. As we found a couple days ago the pins have to be secure, or else they are stolen by idiots. First the mount point had to be re-chiseled and cleaned out, and after that Rockite '!M could be poured Into the hole and the bronze pit pressed into place Bill likes to add a ring of tiny pumice stones secured around the pin for that final artistic flair. Cold wind swirled around us but the task didn't take long to complete, and I had just enough time to recover from the hasty walk over before we picked up and headed over to Incline Cavern. I've been in Incline once with Bruce some time ago, and I'd describe it as "fairly larg e and unpleasant. It's a breakdown cave with some rather nast y loos e walls in its depths. But 12 today none of that mattered since we were just rese curing that pin as well. Task completed, we headed for Cave Loop to fill out a recon card for the holes in the ground near The Catacombs we'd looked at the day before. Recon cards contain preliminary information about a particu lar cave, including name (this is when the cave is offi cially named!), location, sketches of plan and profile, and other information about flora and fauna, and so on. We did some quick-and-dirty splay shots across the collapse with me sketching, Marc and Bruce run ning tape and Bill reading compass. The sun had finally decided to come out, but a bitingly chilly wind was blasting us from the west. I hastily did three trian gulation shots to Schonchin Butte, Hippo Butte, and Butte over the survey point, then dropped Into the collapse for shelter. Bill had already disappeared into a small squeeze entrance in the middle of the collapse, so I called into the adjacent entrance to see what was up. Apparently It was a small room that looked like it might connect with the main passage, so I went to push from the other side, quickly determining that it wasn't going to happen. Instead, I crawled farther the opposite direction into the main tube to get a better view of where it looked like it was going to squeeze tight about 60 feet In. it didn'.t; the floor dropped away so the passage was stIli faIr-sIzed (hands-and-knees crawling). Better still, cool air was blowing gently against my face, and the passage continued at least another 20 feet past the squeeze, probably more. The only thing I didn't like about cave was the fact that it was all large break down WIth a low ceiling, and the fact that it looked like a modest number of 500-800 pound blocks were about to let at any touch. Well it'll probably be okay, and It s worth pushing in the future. By then it was lunchtime, and both Marc and Bill had to eat and run homeward to stay ahead of the dete riorating weather, leaving just Pat Bruce and myself to run the RC. (But don't worry--we had wine with lunch to help us with that task.) But the day wasn't over yet. Pat had found a circa 1928 hand-drawn map that showed only major caves In t he park. It showed an unnamed, presumably major cave outsIde the park and we set out to find it. Leaving Pat to deal with rummaging through more Supenntendent's Reports from the 1950's, we drove out under the darkening purple sky with rain forming over Medicine Lake Volcano, parked next to the road near where we thought the cave to be and started hik Ing. For the first bit we didn't find a thing except flat dIrt terram and scrubby sage But the farther I got away from the car, the larger the lava outcrops be-


came, and the more promising things looked. I reached and climbed onto several large and weathered schollendomes for a better look around for something that might look like a cave entrance while Bruce walked a parallel course some 150 feet away. Finally I reached the edge of the flow, and I found a place where the lava dropped away 20 feet into col lapse rubble; it was very promising I clambered down the rocks, and there was a 5-foot drop through large breakdown to a sandy-floored, undercut grotto! I had been out of sight from Bruce for some time, so I ran back up (stopping briefly to take a photo of a rock that looked like Godzilla-I mean, who wouldn't do that) and made a beeline to where he was. He hadn't found much to the west of me, just a couple small surface tubes, so we quickly followed the GPS 184 meters south by southeast back to the collapse en trance. Putting my helmet on, I dropped through the breakdown to the sand floor. The ceiling got low crouched. The ceiling got lower. I crouched more. The ceiling touched the floor, just 5 feet in! Curses! The best-looking lead, and it went nowhere. 13 So we began the walk back to the car, covering new ground, but not finding anything The dark clouds, wind, and fading light made for an interesting experience, walking alone through sagebrush on the desert vaJley floor. A singular lightning bolt flashed out in the distance over Medicine Lake Volcano. Where is the cave that is supposed to be out here? The road we were using as a landmark intersected the main road at a 90-degree angle, but on the old map it intersects at an oblique angle. This is interesting, and back at the RC, I looked at the 4-meter-per-pixel aerial photos for the area that I had downloaded on my lap top Sure enough, there's a trace of another old road that matches the old map! We were looking in the wrong place! But it'JI have to wait for another trip. Tuesday, November 13: This is the fourth day I've been here, and Pat, Bruce, and I have outstayed every one else. We had stayed up late the night before talk ing and computing, and we didn't have BiJl getting up at the crack of dawn to coax us out of bed, and it was overcast and drizzly All of this added up to a bit of a late start. Left: The NPS provid es a bronze pin for each cave in the Monument. The cave's name and number are stamped o n each pin and it is cemented into a drilled hole neal' the cave s upstream entrance. The Incline Cave pin had to b e rec emented in place after coming loose. Bill Devereauxfinishes up re-cementing the pin back into its place and then adds a ring of pumice pebbles to add a bit of artistic flair to each. What this photo doesn't show is that Bill is sitting at the lip of a 40 foot-deep drop into the trench. Right: Bee} carefully scoops out homemade vanilla ice crea m under the watchful eye of Pat Helton The ice cream complimented the plethora of 6 desserts that some how showed up on this expedition. Note the granite cOllnter top that was generously donated by one of Lava Bed s CRF employers to the CRF-built Research Center. Photos by Bruce Rogers


I began the day by GPSing a new short trail that runs between the campground and the Visitor Center (VC) From there, I GPS'd the trails around Mushpot Cave, Lava Brook Cave, and Labyrinth Cave where the old VC building used to be They've done a great job of restoring the terrain in this area Pat and Bruce drove up and met me there, and Pat gave me a quick tour of the park library. It's a small room in the back of the VC, only accessible to park personnel and those otherwise inv ited (like us) ; and has a lot of new and old books about the park, and managing a park, and so on. There is also a collection of old photos as well. Some of the most interesting photos were of cave entrances before the caves had been "improved." That should be useful for restora tion if that happens. E ach day, Pat checks material out of the library, largely old Superintendents' Reports, and scours them for any useful information. There's a lot of history recorded in the library, and it's not very easily search able at the Moment so if we all read bits and pieces h o pefully we can find the interesting parts (I'm dying to have all this stuff digitized--that would be excel lent. ) We part e d ways again, and I went to Lava Brook Cave to photograph the lava brook formation, and try my hand at some macro stuff. We have this great idea that we might develop a taxonomy of all the types of formations that are found in the Monument s caves, so I wanted to endeavor to be able to produce good work in this area. I shot one flash enough times to drain it trying to get a good shot of the lava brook--I'm out of practicebut I had another in my pack. After getting a usable photo, I turn e d my attention to the wall of the cave. F es toons ? In Lava Brook ? Sure enough--there they are hidden in plain sight. (The best ones I've seen are in Skull Cave but h e re I was ) Ori gina lly I had also anticipated going to nearby Mus hpot Cave to take a photo of the Mushpot forma-14 tion (yes these caves are named after their distin guishing characteristic, of course), but time was really running short if we were to go overland and find some new caves so I walked the Campground Road back to the RC. We ate some lunch and decided to head for a couple other unrecorded caves and do recon cards there. These were much easier to find since Pat had found in the files an old black and white photo of the area on which had been written the word "cave with arrows pointing directly at the caves. Driving over as close as we could, we parked and walked the rest of the way over. And there they were right where the photo said Something easy at last! Both were short caves, with ceilings that tended not to exceed 8 feet except the first one which had a gor geous 15-foot high dome just inside Bruce casually drew a couple great sketches and took photos while I went outside and got GPS coordinates of the en trances. Neat little caves! Finally, we decided for a bit of a vacation to drive out to the Petroglyph section of the park. This is a piece of Lava Beds National Monument that's de tached from the main body of the park and is located up near the town of Newell. The predecessors to the Modocs over the last few thousand years have carved quite a large number of petroglyphs into the stone surface of an old weathered volcano. The rock has been cut by rain, wind, and water, and is full of small holes that now are home to a large variety of birds mostly predators and owls The sun had set. Across Tule Lake to the south west, cloud-covered Medicine Lake Volcano domi nated the skyline, while a sun-lit Mt. Shasta towered against the distant burning horizon The moon and Jupiter hung low in the darkening sky, and fog was forming in the reeds of the lake. Coyotes howled to one another in the growing darkness peals echoing far across the valley. This is a magical place to be


15 Mammoth Cave: Labor Day Expedition, August 31-September 3,2007 Expedition Leaders: Bob, JoAnne and Maggie Osburn By: Bob Osburn The 2007 Labor Day expedition was well at tended with well qualified people. Thirtyfive people signed in for part or all of the expedition and several more v isited camp. Approximately 5,400 feet of cave was surveyed, of which at least 1,300 was new (Perhaps an additional 400 in Carlos Way was new as well, although I suspect that this base level stream was previously surveyed at least once. I seem to recall a conversation with Scott House about surveying there and perhaps also Don Coons even earlier. Examina tion of the survey compilation will clarify.) Six hun dred vo lunteer hours were recorded. Maggie and Joanne agreed to return once more to camp manage and everyone ate very well (at least in my opinion) On Saturday, Peter Bosted, Bill Koerschner and Bill Stephens headed to the Roppel Connection via Doyle Valley and Hawkins River. All of the party members had been to this area but via Roppel; none had gone up the river. Despite some nerves and anx ious route description by the expedition leader they had no trouble finding their objective. This was an extended trip and they returned to camp about noon on Sunday, having surveyed about 1,500 feet. This is part of a big dome complex near the Roppel Connection and extends the cave toward Wildcat Hollow Cave to the north Good air continues but a five-inch bedrock and breakdown pinch defeated further progress by this route Ed Klausner led Elizabeth Miller and Mike Na radacci to New Discovery to locate ties for hanging surveys. They found several but time ran out before the last few could be located Jack Wood, Matt Mezydlo, Mike Freeman, and Bob Thurner continued the resurvey of Hanson's Lost River that was started in July They replaced 1,100 feet of survey in this base level stream passage (the original Mammoth Connection route) which remains passable due to low water. Spike Crews and five other people went up Lucy's Dome to replace the rope and rigging and to survey. They split into two groups. Steve and Judy Ormeroid and Anne Kensler went to the northern pas sage, a J survey that Mick Sutton had abandoned since it was off his sheet. They mapped about 200 feet and left both the going old survey and other leads in the vicinity. This is more or less dry passage which can be continued in any weather. Spike, Elizabeth Winkler, and Dick Maxey surveyed 388 feet of passage in lower and wetter southern passage which passes under Marion A venue They stopped at an ear duck to the right and surveyed into a dome complex that requires climbing gear. A water hardy crew will be required to continue beyond this point which is most likely al ways an ear duck. Tom Brucker took groups to Colossal River both Saturday and Sunday to continue the resurvey there and attempt to fix big loop errors that have persisted for a number of years The first group was John All Laura Lexander, and Dan Henry. They surveyed about 800 feet. The following day Tom went back with two crews He led Steve Ormeroid and Joyce Hoffmaster back to Colossal River and they were accompanied by Dan Henry, Judy Ormeroid, Dan Greger, and Jack Wood The two parties surveyed about 350 feet each. This totals almost 1,500 feet for the two days in Co lossal River. The loop is nearly replaced Charles Fox led Rick Toomey and Maggie Os burn to Haunted Cave on the north side of Green River to draw a profile. The cave was surveyed a few years ago but a profile was needed to make the map understandable and the original sketcher had not ac quired one. Stan Sides and Norman Warnell went to Mummy Valley to confirm the location of Mummy Inscription Rock (now four feet above and slightly to right of original location) and Damnation Rock which is at its original location. A rumor in anthropological circles that one or both of these had been removed from the cave was discredited by this trip. Discussion will con tinue among the anthropologists as to what should be the disposition or protective measures for these arti facts. Bill Steele led Will Harris and Diana Tomchick to Marion Avenue. Their objective was to search for the connection to Hunt's Sink Pit which our GIS map shows to nearly connect near Francis Pit. Hunt's Sink moves a large amount of air and due to the survey proximity it is assumed to be coming from Sophie's off Marion Avenue No connection was found. The party exited the main cave and started to White Light ning to pursue a climbing lead, but were turned back by an ill party member. The same party returned the next day to check further leads in Sophie's, and then went to Hunt's Sink Pit to upgrade sketches and poke further in preparation to draw the new, improved map. On Sunday Charles Fox, Rick Toomey, and Amy Crews went on a wetsuit trip to survey the base level connection between Carlos Way and Gorin s Dome and potentially Echo River. They surveyed 570 feet of passage and left a poker chip but did not reach any


known point. This is the water's route from Carlos to Echo River via Gorin's Dome. Ed Klausner was to take Elizabeth Miller and Ann Kensler to Roppel but a key snafu prevented that trip so they went to Helen's Grotto to finish some leads there They surveyed about 70 feet. Bob Osburn and Elizabeth Winkler were taken by Stan Sides to a pit on Church's property next to Stan's property line With permission from the Churches they surveyed the pit which ended with no promise of fur ther passage The pit is about 40 feet deep total and a total of90 feet of survey was put in to define it fully. 16 Roppel Connection -Peter Bosted, Bill Koerschner Bill Stephens; New Discovery -Ed Klausner, Elizabeth Miller Mike Naradacci; Hanson's Lost River -Jack Wood, Matt Mezydlo, Mike Freeman Bob Thurner; Lucy's Dome -I) Steve Ormeroid, Judy Ormeroid Anne Kensler; 2) Spike Crews, Elizabeth Winkler Dick Maxey; Colossal River I) Tom Brucker, John All, Laura Lexander, Dan Henry; 2) Tom Brucker, Steve Ormeroid, Joyce Hoffmaster; 3) Dan Henry, Judy Ormeroid Dan Greger, Jack Wood; Haunted CaveCharles Fox, Rick Toomey, Maggie Osburn; Mummy Va Dey -Stan Sides, Norman Warnell; Marlon AvenuelHunt's Sink Pit -Bill Steele Will Harris, Diana Tomchick; Carlos Way -Charles Fox Rick Toomey, Amy Crews; Helen's Grotto -Ed Klausner, Eliza beth Miller, Ann Kensler; Church Pit -Bob Osburn Elizabeth Winkler, Stan Sides Mammoth Cave: Thanksgiving Expedition, November 21-25, 2007 Expedition Leaders: PJ DiBlasi and JM Hemberger Camp Managers: Buz and Henry Grover By: Phil DiBlasi During the expedition, 39 individuals participated and several people visited. Twenty trips were fielded, three to Roppel Cave and the rest inside the park. On Thursday, the first day of the expedition, five trips were fielded. On both Friday and Saturday, eight trips were fielded. On Thursday, Charles Fox led a party to continue the T-survey in Lower Carlos Way. Even with assur ances to the EL, the party found that the passage was filled with water. On exiting, a Phalangodes armata"a cave adapted daddy longlegs spider kind of thing" was captured for the genetics study. In addition, the party encountered Toomey in the Visitor's Center and conducted a dye dump. This trip was not a total loss, though the survey still needs to be continued. Peter Bosted led a large party into the Doyle Valley En trance. Upstream many 3-D photographs were taken. Mick Sutton led a trip into Salts to re-sketch the area of the Stone Steps to Cama de Juan. Unfortunately, illness brought this trip to an abrupt halt with no sketch accomplished Matt Goska led a party to Cox Avenue in Great Onyx to continue the main survey at G 125. Work continued tying the B, W & Z Surveys in and ended at the Grand Piano. They could not find the K Survey and left a low (2H x 4W) crawl for another crew The last crew went to Great Onyx to survey side leads. They climbed to an upper level and followed an old A Survey, replaced the H Survey, and finally be gan nine stations replacing the S Survey It became too tight for the party leader (West) so the crew hooked up with Goska's crew and exited. On Friday. Ann Bosted led a party into Great Onyx to continue the main line survey of Cox A venue. Misled by a description of "hands & knees in sand," they soon discovered "flat out belly crawl on gravel." They surveyed until it was too small for further human visitation. Mick Sutton led a successful trip into Salts, re-sketching the K Survey. They looked for Tom Brucker's "Mystery Survey" with no results, though post trip discussions with TB suggest that it is in fact the old V Survey, which has now been re-done Fi nally, they ended by re-sketching the extremely com plex Victorian Parlor passage (A Survey). Peter Bosted's trip into Roppel went far into Crawfish River. They reached the objective and noted the car bide stations (of 30 years ago) to be gone They found the station they sought and surveyed 660 feet to where the passage sumped. Their last station was well marked with a poker chip & red flag Miles Drake took a crew to the bottom of the Maelstrom Two hun dred feet of rope was used to rig this pit. A short sur vey was placed in a comfortable stoop at the bottom. A rock plaque with "Einbigler" was found. The White Lightening crew, led by Charles Fox watched as Dick Market free climbed Condenser Dome only to find the passage too narrow (a four foot high four inch wide canyon). The area was re-sketched Bob Osburn led a crew into Cumquat Crawl, found the protrusion (believed to be the last crew's station), and began the T Survey. They continued to T30 where they began a spray-shot S Survey. They tied to Bosted's last station "A V and went away. Tom Brucker and Paul Can naley re-found Natural Tunnel Cave and flagged the route for others to follow later in the expedition. Dave West led into Bedquilt and after much confusion in route finding, they happened upon an old C Survey off the Hall of the Mountain King. They resurveyed 15 stations, with vertical control. Several leads were noted. On the last caving day of the expedition, Satur day seven trips were fielded. Dave West led a large crew in support of Jason Scott to video portions of


Colossal Cave as well as artifacts associated with the game ADVENTURE Lynn Brucker led a party to the old guides' cabin area. They acquired GPS locations of several cabin foundations, cemetery and cave. The cave has an improved water source They then went to investigate a surface feature on the slope by Great Onyx they believe this was an attempt to dig an en trance into the cave Mick Sutton led a party into the Daleo Entrance of Roppel Cave. They surveyed the Turtle Trail (TT Survey) and into Turtle Shell Dome. There are numerous leads in here, but they lacked equipment. Charles Fox led into Sanford Way inside Crystal Cave They found Q20 and continued the sur vey to a "T" in the passage. Lunch included some bad salmon for one of the party members and resulted in aborting further work in the area. Karen Willmes led the all female crew into Great Onyx to check out side leads at the end of Edward Ave. Hauling a ladder into the crawl, they easily climbed down the dome, but needed the ladder to climb up the other side. They noted much historic trail improvements in this area. The area was surveyed. They then went to the end of the F Survey; they found yet another pit and had in adequate equipment to complete the survey here. They moved the ladder to another high lead, but it was in sufficient. They left the cave. Jim Greer led a crew into Storts Trail in Crystal. This crew did not reach their intended objective; however, being resourceful, they found an easier route to Storts Trail and surveyed it. Martin Gedeon led a small crew to see ifit was possible to enter Natural Tunnel Cave This crew was defeated by a thick layer of soil and boulders. The conclusion is that the cave cannot be entered without some serious earth moving. The final crew was led by Bob Osburn to the X-15 Pit area. This party checked the safety equipment in the area and replaced what was necessary. 17 In summary, the expedition went extremely well. I particularly want to thank my better half (Jan Marie Hemberger) for her help and support Buz Grover did an excellent job feeding the expedition Henry Grover is growing up too fast. He is a great help in the kitchen, even to the point of staying up late and feed ing late arriving parties. I understand he may make a good caver, very soon. It was interesting to see how many seasoned cavers took him under their wing with advice and guidance Everyone who came to this ex pedition did a wonderful job in helping around camp and caving safely. We left the facility in better condi tion than we found it. Lower Carlos Way Charles Fox, Rick Olson & Martin Doyle VaUey Peter Bosted, Ann Bosted, lssam Jaoude & Rena Karanough Salts at Cam a de Juan Mick Sutton, Sue Hagan & Lynn Brucker. Great Onyx in Cox Ave Matt Goska, Roger Brucker & Joanne Smith. Great Onyx Side Leads Dave West, Karen Willmes & Miles Drake. Great Onyx G Survey Ann Bosted Roger Brucker, Shari Forsythe & Sue Hagan. Salts South Sink Trunk & Cut Around at K -Mick Sutton, Joyce Hoffmaster & Daniel Greger. Roppel Cave Crawfish River Peter Bosted, lssam Jaoude, Martin Gedeon & Rena Karanough. MaelstromMiles Drake, Joanne Smith & Kevin Market. White LighteningCharles Fox, Dick Market & Rick Olson. Roppel Cave Cumquat Crawl to River & Beyond Bob Osburn Matt Goska, Bill Steele & Diana Tomchick. Natural Tunnel (hide & seek) Tom Brucker & Paul Cannaley. Bedquilt Gypsum Snow Passage Dave West, Karen Willmes & Lynn Brucker. Colossal Cave Adventure Dave West, Jason Scott, Peter Bosted Bruce Hatcher & Rick Olson. Stephen Spring Cave / Great Onyx Surface Feature Lynn Brucker, Roger Brucker, Preston Forsythe & Shari Forsythe. Roppel Cave Daleo Entrance Mick Sutton, Sue Hagan, Henry Grover & Paul Cannaley. Crystal Cave Sanford Way Charles Fox, Daniel Greger, Bill Steele & Miles Drake. Great Onyx Edwards Ave Side Leads Karen Willmes, Joanne Smith & Joyce Hoffmaster. Crystal Cave Storts Trail-Jim Greer, Matt Goska & Tom Brucker. Natural Tunnel Cave Issam Bou Jaoude, Rena Karanouh & Martin Gedeon. Doyle VaUey X-IS Pit Area Bob Osburn, Dick Market & Kevin Market. Obituary: Dr. Robert "Robbie" Gorden Babb II, NSS 8480RL By: J. Corcoran III, NSS 7156FE (Note Robbie joined the Guadalupe Cave Survey (GCS) in 1966 and did a lot of the early exploration and survey in Carlsbad Caverns and other Park Caves GCS merged with CRF in 1971(?), I believe, and Robbie was a CRF JV starting then). "Robbie" Babb was one of the pivotal cavers in the beginnings of modern caving in New Mexico. Robbie passed away on November 19th, 2007 in Golden, Colorado at age 59. Robbie was born April 23, 1948 in Seattle, WA He graduated from Albu querque Academy in 1965, and got his PhD from UNM in 1974. Many of Robbie s interests revolved around caving, hiking, backpacking, and mountaineering. His academic background included degrees in Mathematics, Astrophysics, Electrical Engineering, and Computer Science. Robbie started caving around 1962 in the small caves of the Sandia Mountains outside Albuquerque. His first mapping and digging effort was in Cooper's Ellis Cave. He also spent time mapping a number of small caves in the Sandia and Manzano Mountains such as Sandia Cave, Crinoid Cave, Fluorite Cave, and Manzano Cave. In the 1960s and 1970s, cave exploration in New Mexico blossomed and many individual efforts and organized projects were starting. Robbie was one of the leaders in expanding knowledge of caves in the


Guadalupe Mountains where he was among the first cavers to work with the Guadalupe Cave Survey (later merged with CRF) organization in Carlsbad Caverns National Park and the Lincoln National Forest starting in ) 965. Robbie also spent quite a bit of time roaming the High Guadalupes in search of caves to the west of the park. As the caving activities matured in the ) 960s, Robbie was one of the pioneers of organized project-caving in New Mexico when many cavers be gan to turn from mostly recreational activities to more serious study and inventory work. In the early 1960s, Robbie was the leader of the digging effort in Fort Stanton Cave that resulted in the discovery of the beautiful and scientifically intriguing Lincoln Caverns section of the cave. The dig took several years and thousands of hours of hard work and the resulting connection crawl way is named Babb's Burrow in recognition of his leadership and boundless energy. He played a major role in the dig that led into the Batcave extension of Fort Stanton. Robbie was the leader of the initial dig in the Priority 7 passage which led to the discovery decades later of the Snowy River section of the cave system. Robbie defined the methodology for doing engi neering-style cave surveys used in many NM projects. He wrote onc of the first cave-surveying computer programs starting in 1965 which was used for all the survey processing in Fort Stanton Cave and in the early years of Guadalupe Mountains cave surveying. Robhie was one of the most dedicated cave surveyors and spent many hours mapping Fort Stanton Cave and Carlsbad Cavern. In 1964, Robbie was the discoverer of the Arrow Grotto of Feather cave, one of the most important, intact cave shrines in the Southwest. Starting around 1965, Robbie got involved in the Project Dry Pot surveying effort started by the Texas Speleological Association at Dry Cave, in Eddy County New Mexico. Robbie picked up this effort, and with the collaboration of various New Mexico Cavers, spent many hours exploring and surveying in the eastern section of the cave and helping with the cartographic effort. Robbie also contributed many of the interesting feature names in the cave such as "IIampton Court," and the "Saber Tooth Camel Maze," which reflected his engaging sense of humor. The later name related to paleontological artifacts of a Dire Wolf(when first seen, it looked much like a Sa ber-tooth Tiger to the cavers) and Camel toe bones scen in the area Robbie continued this work into the mid-) 970s and assumed responsibility for the overall project until his professional career absorbed most of his ti me. In the early) 970s, Robbie led the mapping and study of Edgewood Caverns, a newly discovered cave 18 system east of Albuquerque. Robbie founded an or ganization known as the Edgewood Research Group to explore, map and study this interesting maze cave. He defined and produced the quadrangle map system for this cave and continued work there even after leaving New Mexico to teach Computer Science at California State Polytechnic University. In 1987 through 1991, Robbie took on the opera tional leadership of the Lechuguilla Cave Precision Survey project to extend a high-accuracy theodolite total-station survey into the cave to form a backbone to tie the burgeoning hand-held compass surveys to. Each year, a six-week expedition was devoted to this task with Robbie doing much of the instrument work including a memorable, exposed set-up on Terror Ledge, where Robbie and the Theodolite were an chored by a veritable web of belay lines, shooting down to the bottom of Boulder Falls, 150 feet below. Robbie's interests in many areas of technology were often combined with his caving activities. Many trips to the Guadalupes and to Fort Stanton Cave were enhanced by astronomy parties in the late evenings where Robbie would lead observing activities while explaining the mysteries of Astrophysics, Mathemat ics, and many other topics. Many cave trips involved long drives, and Robbie kept everyone's minds active by challenging them to solve mathematical puzzles, estimating the numbers of sand grains and blades of grass on the earth, number of tumbleweeds caught on New Mexico fences, and planning cave projects. Rob bie was even more popular in the early days since he had access to his parent's cab-over camper which made for luxurious accommodations after a hard day caving. Robbie had a great spirit of adventure and will be missed by those who knew him. He is survived by his wife Jennifer, daughter Gi nevra (who is a medical Doctor), and daughter Eliza beth who is a college student. Robbie BaM in Dry Cave New Mexico about 1966. Photo by 1. Corcoran 1I1.


19 2008 EXPEDITION CALENDAR Before attending any expedition, you must contact the expedition leader as trip sizes may be limited. Failure to contact the leader may prevent you from attending the expedition as the trip may be full. so we need to know who is planning to attend.


CAVE BOOKS Publications Affiliate of the Cave Research Foundation www cavebooks .comISBN: 0-939748 SAN: 216-7220 R ev. OJ/O? CAVE BOOKS Publications Bold Identifies NEW Publications Bridgemon & Lindsley Bullitt Casteret Che v alier Collins H & Lehrberger Conn & Conn Courbon et al. Crowther et al. Davidson & Bishop DeJoly Despain Exley Farr Farr Heslop Lawrence & Brucker McConnell Moore & Sullivan Northup et al. Nymeyer Oliphant Oliphant Olson Olson & Hanion Palmer Reames et al. Steele Steward Watson P Watson R. Watson, R. Watson R. et al. Willrnes South China Caves Rambles in Mammoth Cave Ten Years Under the Earth Subterranean Climbers The Life and Death of Floyd 7.95 pb 6 95 pb 11. 95 pb 7 95 pb Collins 14 95 hb 10 95 pb The Jewel Cave Adventure 11. 95 pb Atlas : Great Caves of the World 21. 95 pb The Grand Kentucky Junction (Signed by all 7 authors Ltd ed.) 100 00 pb Wilderness Resources MCNP 3 00 pb Memoirs of a Speleolog ist 10 95 hb 7 95 pb Hidden Beneath the Mountains : The Caves of Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks 12.95 pb Caverns Measureless to Man 125 00 Ltd ed hb 32 95 hb, 21. 95 pb The Darkness Beckons 37 95 hb Darkness Beckons : Supplement 4 25 pb The Art of Caving 9 95 pb The Caves Beyond Emergence a novel pb 15 95 pb 19 95 hb 10 95 Speleology : Caves and the Cave Environment 21. 95 hb, 16 95 pb A Gu i de to Speleological Literature of the English Language 1794-1996 34.95 hb 24.95 pb Carlsbad, Caves, and a Camera 15.95 pb Alpine Karst 2004, Vol. 1 14 00 pb Alpine Karst 2006, Vol. 1 17.00 pb Prehistoric Cavers of Mammoth Cave Scary Stories of Mammoth Cave A Geological Guide to Mammoth Cave National Park Deep Secrets : The Discovery and Exploration of Lechuguilla Cave 6 95 pb 7 95 pb 7 95 pb 32 95 hb 24 95 pb 10 95 pb Yochib : The River Cave True Tales of Terror in the Caves of the World A rc heology of the Mammoth 10 95 pb Cave Area 24 .95 pb Caving 3 00 pb Under Plowman's Floor (reprint) 12.95 pb CRF Origins and the First Twelve Years 1957-1968 CRF Personnel Manual 12 00 pb 10.00 pb CRF ANNUAL REPORTS & PIN CRF CRF CRF CRF CRF CRF CRF 1974 1978 Annual Reports 1975 1976 Annual Reports 1977 1980 Annual Reports 1981 1993 Annual Reports 1994 1997 Annual Reports 1998 2000 Annual Reports CRF PIN diamCler. ellomdcd j = one volume Carlsbad Caverns Kaemper Map of Mammoth Cave (ca. 1908) Lee Cave Mammoth Cave National Park Mammoth Cave Map Card Mammoth Cave Poster Map 15 00 pb' 3.00 pb ea. 4.00 pb ea. 5.00 pb ea. 10.00 pb' 10.00 pb' 5 00 2 00 3 00 4 00 1 50 3 00 Mammoth Cave Poster Map (Col/ector' s Edition) Ogle Cave Carlsbad Caverns N P 25.00 1 50 2 00 Eighth International Congress Poster (1981) Ackerman Black Borden & Brucker Brucker & R. Watson Callot, F -M & Y. Carstens & P. Watson Dasher Faust Finkel Fletcher George George George George Griffin Halliday Hemple & Conover Hill Hill & Forti Kerbo Klimchouk et al. Kurten Lewis Long McClurg McEachern & Grady Murray & Brucker Noswat Nowak NSF NSF Padgett & Smith Prosser & Grey Rea Rother, H. & C Siffre Simpson Sloane Speleo Projects Steward Stone & Ende Taylor Taylor Turner Valli & Summers Watson P Watson R. We fer Williams Send Orders To: Other Publishers The Moon by Whale Light 19 95 hb I Don t Play Golf 12 95 hb Beyond Mammoth Cave 59 95 hb 26 95 pb The Longest Cave (new edition) 24 95 hb 19 95 pb Photographier Sous Terre 20 00 hb Of Caves and Shell Mounds On Station Saltpetre Mining in Mammoth Cave Going UnderlEndurance poems The Man from the Cave Mammoth Cave Saltpeter Works Mummies Catacombs, and Mammoth Cave New Madrid Earthquake at Mammoth Cave Saltpeter & Gunpowder Manufacturing in Kentucky L i stening in the Dark (Bats) Floyd Collins of Sand Cave On Call Geology of Carlsbad Caverns Cave Minerals of the World Batwings and Spider Eyes Speleogenesis The Cave Bear Story Carter Caves State Park Rock Jocks, Wall Rats, and Hang Dogs Adventure of Caving Corps of Engineers Inventory and 28 95 pb 17 00 hb 5 95 pb 9 95 pb 9 50 hb 24 95 pb 16 50 pb 3.00 pb 3 00 pb 6 00 pb 4 95 pb 28 00 pb 15 00 pb 70 00 hb 8 00 pb 60.00 hb 9 95 hb 14.95 pb 11.00 pb 14 95 pb Evaluation Cal v eras County CA 3 00 pb Trappedl The Floyd Collins Story 19 00 pb Maws: Death in Big Cave National Monument Walker's Bats of the World Ensueno Cave Study Fountain N P Study On Rope Cave Diving Manual Caving Basics Lost Caves of St. Louis Les Animaux des Gouffres et des Cavernes Sex, Lies & Survey Tape Cavers, Caves and Caving Lechuguilla Jewel of the Underground Tales of Dirt, Danger, and 3 00 pb 19 95 pb 5 00 pb 5 00 pb 30 00 hb 25 00 pb 10 00 pb 9 95 pb 7 95 hb 11. 95 pb 9 95 hb 56 00 hb Darkness Beyond the Deep Cave Passages Dark Life The Vampire Bat 8 95 pb 26 95 hp 15 00 hb 12 00 hb, 11. 00 pb 10 00 hb Shadow Hunters : The Nest Gatherers of Tiger Cave Prehistory of Salts Cave In The Dar k Cave (Children) Where the Sun Don t Shine Blue Crystal a novel 24 95 hb 9 95 pb 5 95 pb 5 95 pb 19 95 hb CAVE BOOKS, 4700 Amberwood Dr., Dayton, OH 45424 E-mail orders: Make checks payable to : CAVE BOOKS Postage & Handling: $3.00 for the first book $.75 for each additional book. $3.00 for one to ten maps or map cards rolled in o n e tube. (Ou t s ide USA doubl e pos t age).


CAVE RESEARCH FOUNDATION A private, nonprofit organization dedicated to: research, management, and interpretation of caves and karst resources partnerships to study, protect, and preserve cave resources and karst areas conservation of caves and karst ecosystems The Cave Research Foundation announces the 2008 Graduate Research Grant Program for graduate student research in cave and karst studies P roposals may be in any field of the earth, natural, or social sciences as long as the research lddresses topics related to caves or karst. The Foundation awards up to $10,000 annually, iistributed among one or more grant recipients. Typically, awards range from $2,000 to $3,500. [he truly exceptional proposal, which involves interdisciplinary research, may also receive a fhomas C. Kane Memorial Award and up to an additional $2,000 in grant support. Students nust be enrolled in a degree-granting institution. Research at either the Master's or Ph.D. level IS eligible. Visit the CRF web site for more information: http://www.caver / grants/grants.html Application Deadline: March 14, 2008 Application requirements include : 1. An abstract summarizing the proposed research. 2. A full proposal describing the intended research. 3. Two (2) letters of reference. 4. A curriculum vitae. Photo by Charles Swedlund For more information, contact the grant program chair, Dr. George Crothers: 859-257-8208 Department of Anthropology 211 Lafferty Hall University of Kentucky Lexington KY 40506-0024


Cave Research Foundation c/o Bob Hoke Circulation Manager 6304 Kaybro St. Laurel MD 20707 -2621 Address Service Requested [ 54] GEORGE VENI NonProfit Org u.s. Postage PAID Spencerville, MD Permit #524 507 E CHAPMAN RD CARLSBAD NM 88220-9383 ADDRESS CORRECTIONS If you have changed phone number (i.e., area code split), e-mail address, or have moved, please send your information to: Phil DiBlasi PO Box 126 Louisville, KY 40201-0126 THE CRF WEBSITE Contact your operations manager for the user id and password for the members-only section of the site.

Contents: Cave
Conservancy Foundation Graduate and Undergraduate Fellowship
Awards --
2008 CRF Annual Meeting --
Cave Research Foundation Turns Fifty --
Celebrating 50 Years of CRF / Ralph Earlandson --
CRF 50th Anniversary Celebratoin / Laura J. Lexander --
Regional Expedition Reports: Lava Beds: Columbus Day
Expedition: October 4-9, 2007 / Bruce Rogers and Pat Helton --
Lava Beds: Veterans Day Expedition: November 8-13, 2007 /
"Beej Jorgensen" (aka Brian Hall), Bruce Rogers and Pat Helton
Mammoth Cave: Labor Day Expedition, August 31-September
3,2007 Expedition Leaders: Bob, JoAnne and Maggie Osburn / Bob
Osburn --
Mammoth Cave: Thanksgiving Expedition, November 21-25,
2007 Expedition Leaders: PJ DiBlasi and JM Hemberger Camp
Managers: Buz and Henry Grover / Phil DiBlasi --
Obituary: Dr. Robert "Robbie" Gorden Babb II, NSS 8480RL
/ J. Corcoran III, NSS 7156FE --
2008 Expedition Calendar.


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