Cave Research Foundation newsletter

Cave Research Foundation newsletter

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Cave Research Foundation newsletter
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Cave Research Foundation newsletter
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CRF newsletter
Cave Research Foundation
Cave Research Foundation
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Contents: From the President: Fun in the Desert, CRF National Expedition and Meeting / Scott House -- An Experience Sublime: Taking Music to the Underground / Janet Bass --Smith -- Hopkins Chocolate (Cup) Cave, Lava Beds National Monument, California / Bruce Rogers and Liz Wolff -- Regional Expedition Reports: CRF Lava Beds Expedition, Thanksgiving Weekend, Nov. 25-Dec. 4, 2008 / Bruce Rogers and Pat Helton, Expedition Leaders -- Ozarks Trips, October 2007 - April 2008 / Mick Sutton, with information and some text from Jim Cooley, Scott House and Ben Miller -- Mammoth Cave: Labor Day Expedition, August 29 - September 1, 2008 / Bob Osburn, Expedition Leader Larry Pursell, Camp Manager -- Call for Proposals 2009 CRF Research Grants for graduate student research in cave and karst studies -- 2009 Expedition Calendar.
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Vol. 37, no. 1 (2009)
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CRF NEWSLETTER Volume 37 No 1 established 1973 Send all article s and reports for submission to : William P a yne Editor 11023 N Auden Circle, Missouri City TX 77459 T h e CRF N e w s lett e r i s a quarterly publication of the Cave Rese arch Foundation a non-profit organization incorpo rated in 1957 under the laws of Kentucky for the purpose of furthering research, conservation, and education about caves and k a rst. Newsletter Submissions & Deadlines: Original articles and photographs are welcome If intending to jointly s ubmit material to another publication, please in f o rm the CRF editor. Publication cannot be guaranteed es p e cially i f s ubmitted elsewhere All material is subject to r evis ion unle s s the author specifically requests otherwise F or timely publication please observe these deadlines : F e bruary issue by December I May i s sue by March I Augu s t issue by June I November issue by September I Before submitting material, please see publication guideline s at: www NEWSLETTER STAFF : Content Editor : William Payne, Layout and Photos : Ralph Earlandson, Mailing : Bob Hoke, 2009 Cave Research Foundation Cave Research Foundation Board of Directors Pr e sident Scott House Vice President Joel Despain, j Treasurer Bob Secr e tary Bernie Szukalski, H a milton Valley Director Pat Kambesis G eorge Crother s, Charles Fox Joyce Hoffmaster, P a t Seiser, Diana Tomchick Operations Council Barb e B a rker (Guadalupes) Mick Sutton (Ozarks) P a t Helton & Bruce Rogers ( L a va Beds), Dave West ( E ast e rn) John Tinsley (Sequoia/Kings Canyon) For information about the CRF contact: S c ott Hou se 1606 Luce St. C a p e Girarde a u MO 63701 5208 phon e 573-651-3782 Donation s to CRF should be s ent to: B o b H o ke CRF Treasurer 630 4 Kaybro St. L a ur e l MD 20707-2621 2 CRF Fundraiser Dear CRF Members, In less than 200 days, cavers and cave scientists from around the globe will be meeting at Schreiner University in Kerrville, Texas, for the 15th International Congress of Speleology. The Congress, hosted in 2009 by the National Speleological Society, is a quadrennial event that brings the world's speleologists together for a week of symposia, excursions, social events, and many other artistic, recreational, and technologic activities. Pre-and post-Congress excursions will traverse the continent, visiting karst regions from the Tongass to the Yucatan and beyond. The goals and aims of the Union Internationale de Speleologie (UIS) encourage interaction between speleologists of all nations and backgrounds, so as to further the study of all aspects of speleology. As a national organization, CRF has pursued that same path, building connections between cavers, scientists, and our nation's karst resource managers. As with any international scientific conference, there are many people working diligently, even today, to ensure that this year's event goes smoothly. And this event does not run on labor alone. There are significant financial outlays involved in such an effort. The ICS2009 committee has offered sponsorship opportunities for allied groups and organizations. Seeing the opportunity to support the ICS2009 effort, the CRF board has authorized a donation of $1000 to be made to the ICS2009 committee. The $1000 is to be raised through individual donations by CRF members. If you would like to assist with this effort, please send your donation to: CRF Treasurer, Bob Hoke, 6304 Kaybro Street, Laurel, MD 20707. Please identify the donation as being for "ICS2009". To learn more about the 15th Congress, please visit Thank you! John Lovaas Cover Photo In October 2008, Klaus Kamper, playing cello, and Janet Bass Smith, playing piano, performed a concert before 270 people in a room known as the Church in Mammoth Cave. Photo by Jackie Wheet, a park ranger in Mammoth C ave' s Interp Division.


3 From the President: Fun in the Desert, CRF National Expedition and Meeting By: Scott House Okay, this was a lot of fun. Having spent the better part of two weeks visiting historic and scenic sites in Kansas, Colorado, and New Mexico, Patti and 1 wended our way down to C arlsbad. The newly reconstructed Carlsbad Caverns NP visitor center was to be (re)dedicated on Saturday, October 25 with speeches by Superintendent John Benjamin and CRF fellow Ron Kerbo among others. On our way to the cave we stopped at the Whites City campground (private and not so hot) and checked in with Andy Free and Jeff (Spike) Crews who drove all night from Missouri to go caving. (They looked a lot better than we would have had we done the same but soon went to bed. ) After the dedication ceremony there was cake and punch (and seeing caving friends like the Peri and Bill Frantz, plus a chance meeting with Missourians Joe Sikorski and Mark Andrich who had just spent a week in Lech), and then Patti and 1 headed down into the cave. Sauntering along very slowly we were eventually overtaken by the somehow ambulatory Spike and Andy (who could not stay out the cave either) and we enjoyed the rest of the cave with them. Next morning Patti, I Spike, Andy, and Kyle Rybacki (CRF member working on his masters at NM Tech) joined a large group of CRFers who were gathered at Pat Seiser's to form up crews for a mapping assault on McKittrick Cave at famous McKittrick Hill. Jim Goodbar ga ve us instructions, plus inspirational messages, loaned us his son, warned us of rattlesnakes, and then went off to dig up his sewer line (underground you see). We all caravaned to the cave area, wandered around for quite some time (never looking at the written instructions on how to find the cave) and finally stumbled onto the entrances. The first entrance examined (by Dave West) had one of our shoulder-less buddies in it. Fortunately the entrance we used did not. After considerable confusion on where we were and who was going to do what ( I think we had 5 crews in a maze cave), my survey team found its way and we put in a good days work. Upon exiting, Andy found another of the fangy fellows and moved him out of harm's way. Other crews did equally well and the resurvey effort was well underway. McKittrick was a nice cave; 1 was amazed at how well it has held up over the many years it has been known. Next morning we had an orientation meeting at the park and then it was off to Slaughter Canyon Cave with several crews. Kyle had to bail but the rest of my crew continued work together that day, and the next day as well plus the day after that.) Slaughter Canyon was a great cave to work in and fortunately we were doing some slightly smaller stuff (only rarely over 100 feet wide) leaving the main passage to fry other sketchers' minds. We did well, enjoyed ourselves and enjoyed the occasional company of other survey crews that we stumbled onto while wandering about in the dark. Being a carbide caver (not permitted in the park) and preferring that mode to all others especially when sketching, 1 finally adjusted by putting a couple of LED lights on my helmet to point in different ways with different light intensities. The daily hike to the cave was exhilarating and rattlesnakes did not make themselves known. We didn't see as much of other folks as we would have preferred but we got an early start each day (just try to beat the Ormeroids to the trailhead) and by the time we got back to Whites City, broke open frosty beverages, and started cooking whatever was to accompany the green chiles, it got late pretty quick. And late Left: Andy Fr ee and Patti House in McKittrick Cave Right: Slaughter Can y on Cave's Clansman. Photos b y S c ott House.


means chilly, plus there was the nightly assault of the animals (as soon as the flies died down, out came the javelinas, skunks, and raccoons). Thursday, Patti and I took a day to organize for the meeting but still found time to take another trip down into the big cave (okay I must admit, as much as I like the Big Room, the entrance tunnel just does me). Thursday night found a lot of us at the local college to hear CRF director George Crothers tell about archaeological work at Mammoth Cave and George Veni fill us in on NCKRI's bold plans for the future. Various more of the CRF directorate and members started trickling in for the weekend. Friday was the board meeting and a very good one at that. The meeting was smooth, professional, agreeable (virtually every vote was unanimous), not to mention short (it lasted only 7 hours including lunch). Dale Pate joined us for lunch and we enjoyed chatting with him. That night saw a fun gathering of 30 or so folks at a local restaurant with good flavor and flavors (it was Halloween, after all) followed by an official Halloween party at Ms Seiser' s Saturday found us on a CRF tour into Carlsbad once more and we enjoyed our third descent of the week. That evening was a great banquet at the Living Desert State Park visitor center with perhaps 50 in attendance. We got a good look at the restoration work being done in Carlsbad, heard from the NPS superintendent who had lots of nice things to say to us all, plus the usual official business, including the announcing of new fellows -here here for the highly deserving! Unfortunately a rattlesnake showed up but only in refrigerator magnet form, courtesy of Peri Frantz. Sunday came and Patti and I headed out on our own to hike at McKittrick Canyon in Guadalupe Mountains NP. As predicted, we were not alone but were still surprised by the number of people out on the trail. We intended to go well past the Pratt Cabin but as we approached it, we 4 heard a raucous gathering. Turns out that a Texas wine-lovers group picks the first Sunday in November to do a little picnic up the canyon. Here was a table overflowing with wines, cheeses, sausages, smoked salmon, and on and on -a virtual cornucopia. They demanded our participation and we, being only weak flesh and blood, could not resist. We shared their company for good hour, completely forgetting that one of the day's objectives was to burn off the excess of the previous two night's overindulgence of foodstuffs. By and by we stuffed empty wine bottles in my pack, headed up the trail further, engaged a couple of NPS rangers in a conversation which was terminated by the unfortunate popping and splashing noise of an older lady hiker breaking her leg at a slippery creek crossing. The rest of the day was taken up with a rescue involving a bunch of people (mostly NPS plus us and others) helping move the victim out via a Big Wheel hooked to the litter. The trip back down canyon was quite a bit faster than up it. Next day it was off to the local grocery store to stock up on green chiles and then the long two-day trip back to the Ozarks. What a blur of a week: good caving, good friends from allover, new folks we met, good meeting and group feeds, and then an unexpected wine and cheese party in a mountain canyon. The spirit of adventurism is with us all, surpassed only by the spirit of volunteerism and the fellowship that comes from group camaraderie. The piec e de resistance was the group of Texans, heretofore unknown to us, who insisted on us joining their picnic at their expense. What a country we live in that breeds such people who share experiences willingly with others. And that's why the terrorists will never win ... Thanks to all who organized the meeting and associated activities. See you in Texas for the NSS/ICS convention and hopefully nex t fall at Lava Beds. Left: Ron K e rbo s peaks at re-de dication of Carlsbad Cav erns visitor center Photo by Scott House Right: Prez Scott Hous e at the banqu e t Ph oto b y Patti H ouse


5 An Experience Sublime: Taking Music to the Underground By: Janet Bass Smith "Last night, as the two of you played, I had a feeling of hundreds of shadows, some of them very ancient, stirring from shafts, crevices and deep places they had not left for centuries, drawn by sounds faintly remembered from past time, and somehow irresistible. For humans, at least, the experience was sublime. Tres Seymour, Park Ranger at Mammoth Cave National Park Klaus Kamper and I sat on a small stage as the crowd of approximately 270 people gathered in the huge underground room in Mammoth Cave called The Church. I felt as though I were in an episode of Star Trek, isolated inside the spaceship, while crowds pushed in as close as possible to the ship, only in this case, the stage. (Trekkies will remember that episode!) The room was lit by lanterns placed in the large pile of breakdown rocks rising behind us, with one lantern positioned to illuminate the fifty-foot high ceiling. A string of small bulbs lit the compact wooden stage where I sat at my electric piano and Klaus sat with his cello. Lights on the music stands lit our faces so we were visible to the audience. The music continued for an hour in a concert that was part of a two-day symposium sponsored by the Mammoth Cave International Center for Science and Learning, Mammoth Cave National Park, the Cave Research Foundation, the Hoffman Environmental Institute (WKU), Diamond Caverns LLC, and Friends of Mammoth Cave, in honor of Klaus' grandfather, Max Kamper. He had come from Germany to Mammoth Cave a century ago, in 1908, to explore and map the cave. Back then, only eight or ten miles had been surveyed and mapped. Max explored more than 35 miles, and drew a definitive map that is still in use. Today Mammoth Cave is the world's longest cave with no end in sightso far 367 miles have been surveyed and mapped. One summer evening while staying at the hotel, Max, who was a violinist, entertained hotel guests with popular selections of that time, accompanied by a pianist who was also staying at the Mammoth Cave Hotel. Klaus and I were commemorating that event, except we were playing inside Mammoth Cave. Klaus and other members of the Kamper family had visited Mammoth Cave in 2000. At that time Klaus, a professional cellist who lives near Munich, Germany, had expressed a desire to play his cello inside the cave. He and I performed an impromptu concert at my home in 2000, and Klaus asked me to perform with him again. Corresponding via email, we selected a program and made plans to rehearse at the Visitor Center offices the day before the concert, as well as the day of the concert inside the cave. I told Klaus that no matter how badly we played, we would still get a standing ovation. (There are no seats inside the cave!) Klaus and I decided we would perform a mixture of classical and popular music (or as Klaus called it, "salon" music.) His grandfather, Max Kamper, was an engineer who kept detailed records of his travels and purchases while he was in the United States. The day before our concert, we discovered that he had ordered copies of music for violin, including Rubinstein's Melody in F and My Old K entucky Home. The Left: Klaus Kamper on cello and Janet Bass Smith on piano, in concert. Right: Klaus and Janet standing. Photos b y Jackie Wheet, Mammoth Cave park ranger in the Interp Division.


latter was already on the program, but we had to quickly get the music for Melody in F. We were able to download a copy from the internet, and my husband, composer Charles Smith, arranged it for cello and piano. Preparing for a musical event inside a cave invo lves an incredible amount of attention to details and takes the work of a great many people to make it happen. First of all, cave tours are scheduled in the area where the concert was performed, and preparation could not interfere with the tours. The stage and lights had to be set up on the day of the concert, and the rehearsal would have to be just minutes before. Because the temperature in the cave is a constant 54 degrees, and the humidity is 89, we could not leave the cello in the cave for any length of time due to risk of damage. Many park rangers and volunteers from Cave Research Foundation were involved in carrying equipment, including lights, electric cords, my piano and stand, bench, music stands, and a chair for the cellist. The maintenance crew set up the stage and made sure it was solid. It was placed on the dirt cave floor, which is uneven in many places. The audience grew silent as Ranger Chuck DeCroix welcomed them, gave a little background information, and introduced Klaus and me. As the first notes of the Brahms Ce 110 Sonata No. I rang out in that tremendous underground chamber, we were transformed. The wooden stage and the large cave room amplified the instruments and created a marvelous sound. The audience was quiet and appreciative. They knew, as we did, that this was a once-in-alifetime event. For me, a concert pianist and seasonal park ranger, it was an opportunity to combine my two great loves-playing the piano and being inside Mammoth Cave. 6 After Brahms, Klaus played three movements of the Bach Suite No. I for solo cello, followed by my performance of Feux d 'artifice by Debussy. We then played some famous classical melodies arranged for cello and piano (Schubert's Standchen, Schumann's Traumerei, and Rubinstein's Melody in F) I followed these with The Entertainer by Joplin, and then together we played selected German and American popular songs from the early 1900s, and a medley of Stephen Foster songs. We ended with My Old Kentucky Home, and had the audience in tears. Responding to the overwhelming applause, we played an encore of two more Stephen Foster songs. The music seemed magical. We connected musically in a way that one hopes will happen. Any nuances that either of us took, the other simply followed. Perhaps the magic was caused by the ambiance of the lighting and the resonance of the room. Or, maybe it was because we simply enjoyed performing together. Klaus and I both agree that this performance experience was exceptional and a highlight of our careers; a sublime musical experience for us as well as for the audience. Left: Concert audience from above. Note that everyone is standing. Right: Klaus and Janet from above. Photos by Rick Olson, Division of Science and Resources Management, Mammoth Cave.


7 Hopkins Chocolate (Cup) Cave, Lava Beds National Monument, California By: Bruce Rogers and Liz Wolff While most probably known to Native Americans for more than 9,000 years, Hopkins Chocolate Cave was "discovered" by E. L. Hopkins in 1892 and named Chocolate Cup Cave for the chocolate-colored soil washed into the cave via roof cracks. Later explorers have referred to the cave as Hopkins Chocolate Cave, dropping the Cup part of the name. In the late 1920s, Judd (Judson Dea n) Howard, a selfeducated millwright, chemist, and untitled naturalist began exploring the Modoc Lava Beds, as the area was known, and apparently he was shown the cave by Hopkins. Howard also found an adjacent cave and named it TIT Cave for reasons now unknown and painted its name on the wall. Later this little cave was found to be one of the backdoor entrances to Hopkins Chocolate Cave. "JD," known as the Father of the Lava Beds, was the first to recognize that many of the caves in what is now Lava Beds National Monument were parts of several major distributaries, and h e applied the term "system" to these large collections of caves. While many of the segments of the large systems appear to be isolated caves, connecting passages between segments .. are still being found by dedicated exptorers, thus connecting many of the caves seemingly separated by collapse trenches. Local ranchers petitioned President Teddy Roosevelt to set aside the area in 1903 and it became part of the Modoc National Forest Reserve. During the First World War, conservation-minded local ranchers again petitioned to set the area aside because of its large number of ice caves to no avail. The area became part of the Modoc National Forest by Woodrow Wilson's Presidential Proclamation of October 1, 1920. Finally President Calvin Coolidge made the area a National Monument in 1925 based on both the outstanding volcanic features and cultural sites associated with the 1872-73 Modoc (Indian) War. Between 1935 and 1942 the Civilian Conservation Corps worked in the Monument building roads, surface and cave trails, and other infrastructure. The trails they built in Hopkins Chocolate Cave are still present and heavily used by Monument visitors. National Park Service improvements in the 1940's and \960's added safer ladders and such to the Monument's caves. As part of the CRF-NPS partnership, the cave was recently remapped to include more detail for better cave management and eventual restoration. The Y -shaped ca ve is just over 1,700 feet long and a little more than 65 feet deep. Hopkins Chocolate Cave is part of the Labyrinth segment of the Headquarters Cave System, a large system that has already been surveyed to well over 12,500 feet long and ultimately may contain more than 15,000 feet of connected pas-Left: Brain "Bee)" Hall heads southwest and out of the middle of Hopkins Chocolate Cave. Piles of ceiling breakdown make trave l at the intersection of P enny Lane (also known as the Chocolate Cup Distributary) and the main passage slow. Note the extensive ceiling cover of lavacicles, lava soda straw stalactites, and lava draperies. These speleothems are, in turn, covered with white, tan, and yellow coralloids and crusts of cristobalite(?) in colorful contrast to the black tube walls. In the chocolate -colored floor sediment, seasonal dripping water has excavated small pockets of Holocene sub-fossil bones. Right: Much of Penny Lane's ceiling is covered with 2 to 6 inch-long tapered lavacicles and triangular sharks tooth stalactites. Both are composed of basalt lava dripping off the ceiling as the interior of the tube cooled. Normally black, seasonal seeping groundwater has covered them with chocolate-colored soil over the last 36,000 years since the lava flow cool ed. Photos by Bruce Rogers.


sage. One o f several large "Master Tubes," the cave conducted vast amounts of molten basalt from Mammoth Crater to the south across the north central flank of Medicine Lake Volcano about 36,000 years ago. Much of the cave is intact with smooth walls and ceilings and long, smoothly meandering ropes of pahoehoe lava on the floor where the passage is relatively level. In areas of steeply dipping passage, the flow rate was of h igher velocity and thus cauliflower lava floors predominate. The ceilings are mostly covered with lavacicles of various k inds as are the walls. In several areas large rafted blocks of lava are incorporated into the floor, relics of pas t fallen roofs that were transported along in the later floor flows. Within a few days of partially draining, the tubes cooled and the ceilings and walls cracked as the basalt slightly contracted. Over time, ground water brought soil (the chocolate-. colored coating of Hopkins) and other whlte-to yellow-to buff-colored minerals into the cave. These decorations make parts of the usually black-colored lava tube resemble a limestone cave festooned with stalactites, draperies, flowstone, corallo ids, microgours, spathites, and such with cristobalite and calcite the predominant minerals. Hopkins Choco.!ate Cave was one of thre e major f eede r tube s to th e lowe r slopes of the Monument. As the last of the Mammoth C rate r flows c eased, rivers of molten lav a c oole d in place, ofte n clogging passages. A double A A p enlight give s scale to these large rope s of pahoehoe I ava that nearly fill the low north end of H opkins Chocolate Cave. Note th e lavac i c l e s and gold lava tube slime coating the ceiling. A blast of frigid air blows out from the right, lowe r end of the passage ... taunting more passage that's inaccessible unless one is packrat size d Photo by Bruce Roge rs HOPKINS CHOCOLATE CAVE (C h uco);ate Cup C. w e tit Cave) I....-2b;/u"'],andSfVII",ml,2.lfOlt.,I.i.twnJl r.lI ,LllII '''''f" U04I1: kktl !Ml1I.e1', Kw.. I I ....... . ",. Go.., "u..,ton. OCKGG Joo:> (".,,10.1' .""" II,. U, "ni H,. n .... ,U&,"'. \\Wtf. PROFIL E S 1.""IJ{\h:l,7U2.)I LI5 1"m j nIl f.\r \ .,I .. n : ....,.'JlUlt 1 1 3tJl m )


9 REGIONAL EXPEDITION REPORTS CRF Lava Beds Expedition, Thanksgiving Weekend, Nov. 25-Dec. 4, 2008 By: Bruce Rogers and Pat Helton, Expedition Leaders This expedition marked twenty years of work in Lava Beds National Monument by Cave Research Foundation. Accordingly, to celebrate there were several "course familiarization" trips to areas of the Monument that are not on the usual trip list as well as awards for several deserving people. And, as usual, there was plenty of food, camaraderie, and music to go around. Wednesday, Nov. 26: Ed Bobrow arrived at about I PM and met with Shane Fryer of the NPS staff in the Resource M anagement Of-fice. The two unlocked the Research Center (RC) and fired up the heater, fridge, and generally got the RC ready for business. Ed and Shane then signed out for two seasonal employee apartments and a pair of camping/RV pads adjacent to the RC to be used by 26 CRF folks attending the expedition. CRF On-site M anager Bill Devereaux arrived at 6 PM and also a ssisted setting up the R C. Iris Heusler, James Wilson, and Frank Binney arrived from the North S a n Francisco Bay Area at about 6 :30 PM and set up shop in apartment 45D. Pat Helton, Charmaine Legge, and Bruce Rogers arrived at about 12 :30 AM after an "exciting" 13-hour-Iong drive from the San Francisco Bay Area tha t involved heavy holiday traffic, heavy rain, streams of intolerant and clueless drivers, and a car breakdown. Thursday, Nov. 27, Thanksgiving: Bill D reported the weather at 8 AM, then he and Ed perused the cave database to see which ice caves might need new ice level pins to be in-stalled. They then went up along Tickner Road and visited three Glaeser-named caves, plus Cave V-325. Iris, J ames, and Frank went to the upper end of South Labyrinth-Blue Grotto Cave/ Siamese Bridges area to see if any of the four small c a ves there could be connected with each other and possibly to the adjacent exit of South Labyrinth-Blue Grotto Cave. None of these c aves were connected, but about 25 feet of passage w a s discovered that was previously missed on Iris' survey of the caves some 10 years ago. Later in the afternoon Matt Leissring, Heather McDonald, and Marc Hasbrouck arrived from the Sacramento area and temporarily moved into the RC. Matt and Heather went to Ovis Cave and Paradise Alleys to check on possible connections in the lower passages. None were found, but the group also made a through trip a t adjacent Gail Cave. Shortly thereafter Brad Phillips arrived with Will Heltsley, Joke Vansweevelt, and Will Moffat, all from the North and mid-San Francisco Bay Area. CRF stalwarts Liz and Jim Wolff arrived from the other side of the mountain later in the gloaming. After everyone returned from their respective trips, all turned to for an informal potluck dinner. Later that evening both Wills and Joke went to visit Mushpot Cave and, losing the surface trail to Thunderbolt Cave. in the darkness, visited Sentinel Cave instead. All returned by II PM and lights out was at about midnight. Friday, Nov. 28: After an amazingly early start (before 9 AM), Bill D. Ed, and Jim Wolff headed out to check more ice caves along Tickner Road for potential pin placements, planning to complete their traverse with a quick trip to Cave U-200 near Heppe Ice Cave. Liz graciously agreed to lead the remaining 10 CRF cavers to the east towards Tionesta and visited Mammoth Cave in adjoining Modoc National Forest land; the p arty included James, Iris, both Wills, Joke, Frank, Marc, Heather, Matt, Brad, and Charmaine. This somewhat obscure cave is actually about 8 ,200 feet long and has been known since the late 1880s. The comment was made that "the mud was not as bad as usual." Pat and Bruce stayed at the RC to work on administrative paperwork and start drafting the final d igital map of recently surveyed Mitertyte Cave. Eileen Belan arrived at about I : 30 PM, closely followed by Peri and Bill Frantz. The Mammoth Cave crew arrived back in time for an early start on Thanksgiving dinner. A Great Feast featuring roast turkey and honey-baked ham plus oodles of side dishes was produced and everyone hove to. Judy, Becky, and Bill "Bighorn" Broeckel (CRF-Modoc Nationa l Forest Ops Manager) arrived at the onset, bringing even more food. Shortly after, Shane Fryer and Cyndie Walck arrived as dinner progressed and fully participated. Between dinner and dessert, Ops Managers Pat Helton and Bruce Rogers presented Bill Devereaux, Bill Broeckel, and Richard Minert (in absentia) CRF Certificates of Merit for outstanding service. CRF JVs Liz Wolff and Jim Wo Iff were elevated to CRF Fellows. Dessert, including seven kinds of pie, followed, as did m u sic u n til a ft e r I I : 3 0 P M (i twa s aft era II, a


special occasion, so the kids were allowed to stay up a little late). Saturday, Nov. 29: After a very hectic organizing session, Shane Fryer led Cyndie Will M Joke, and Brad out to look for reported caves in The Big Nasty, a large, tangled thicket area of mountain mahogany (and were successful locating two and partially mapping one). Liz led "A" team Ed Eileen, Peri, and Bill D to survey the main passage above the chimneys to the lower section of Sentinel Ca ve. Heather and Matt led "c" team of Marc and Jim to survey in the Wabbit section of Sentinel Cave. Both of these teams were bedeviled by the steel staircase the surveys twisted around, thus their total footage was relatively low. Iris led "0" team of James, Frank, and Will H. to survey in the lower level of Sentinel Cave. Bill "Bighorn" Broeckel led "B" Team of Bill F and Beej out into the Modoc Forest area at Tickner Chimneys to visit three spatter cone caves and found yet another new cave as yet to be named. Pat, Charmaine, and Bruce spent the day, again, in the admin duties, RC maintenance, and cave map drawing. Saturday evening all again turned to and another huge meal was prepared and consumed. Dessert included several more varieties of pie and was followed by intense discussions and musIc. Sunday, Nov. 30: All hands were up early, packed their gear, cleaned the RC and slowly Ie ft. Bill D. took Matt, Ed, and Heather to Merrill Ice Cave to make a few last shots to finish off that cave's survey. Bill noticed that because the ice floor and cascades had vanished since melting started in 1997, the relatively loose wall of cinders and breakdown is starting to bulge into the passage. An informal study of tube wall deformation will be started this coming year to monitor this potential hazard. Shane, Cyndie, and Beej went east to visit Mammoth Cave and check out other leads in the area, returning in late afternoon. Eventually all CRF folks filtered out during the afternoon after some planning meetings and discussion about new projects. The Merrill Ice Cave crew also assisted the Monument staff in recovering trash and other contraband hunting items of interest near the north boundary. Monday, Dec. 1: Pat, Charmaine, and Bruce finished up some odds and ends of the expedition paperwork, then turned to RC maintenance, record keeping, and drafting cave maps. After getting a bad case of cabin fever, Beej, Charmaine. and Bruce spent part of the afternoon hiking out pas t Mammoth Crater along the southeast border of the Monument and looking 10 at cave leads in the Upper Ice Cave Trench. Two caves were found and a cairn placed above them, but lacking any lighting gear, they were not entered. All three returned to the RC in late afternoon, joining Pat who spent the morning working on the RC operations manual and rules. Beej left in late afternoon for Chico and some hard-core hiking and cave hunting in the volcanic rocks exposed there. Tuesday, Dec. 2: Part of the morning was spent talking with Shane Fryer of the Monument staff about various items concerning the CRF-NPS work to be scheduled in 2009. Helton, Legge, and Rogers then took most of the day to finish off working on an inventory of the NPS flat map files. This was the last of four large-format cave map drawers. Over the years cave maps have accumulated in these drawers without any accounting of their contents. The NPS asked CRF to provide a listing of which cave maps were in these four drawers. Among the drawer's contents of 44 additional maps were several more from early 1960s made by a local Klamath Falls, Oregon group. Spelunking Unlimited of Klamath Falls surveyed several of the betterknown caves, producing credible maps, but the maps lacked any detail. A total of 144 cave maps ranging from page size to 3' x 8' sheets were handled. An evening visit by Shane Fryer capped off a long and productive day. Wednesday, Dec. 3: While Charmaine spent the day hiking the Whitney Butte trail looking for reported caves (unfortunately with no luck), Pat and Bruce looked over the western boundary of the Monument near Gold Digger Pass. There, the Gillem fault has moved the 1.12 million year-old Basalt of Gillem Bluff at the western edge of the Great Basin at least 525 feet up into a thirteen-mile-Iong bluff. The most recent movement along this fault may date to less than the 36,000 year-old age of the Basalt of Mammoth Crater, which flowed and cooled against the bluff. This elfin ramble along Gillem Bluff resulted in several small talus caves being located. These little caves have developed among the car-and truck-sized boulders of Basalt of Gillem Bluff that have fallen from the nearly vertical bluff. Nearby, several fissure caves formed along the Gillem fault trace itself were found near a 1940s (1950s?) road construction stake and will require future trips to push and map. A brief visit with Chief Ranger Terry Harris and drafting cave maps until 1 AM finished off the day. Thursday, Dec. 4: Helton, Legge, and Rogers arose early, cleaned and secured the RC, briefly visited the Admin offices, and headed home at abo u t m id-a fternoo n.


Expedition participants included: Eileen Belan, Frank Binney, Becky, Bill, & Judy Broeckel, Bill Devereaux, Bill & Peri Frantz, Shane Fryer, Brian "Beej" Hall, Marc Hasbrouck, Pat Helton, 11 Will Heltsley, Iris Heusler, Charmaine Legge, Matt Leissring, Heather McDonald, Will Moffat, Joke Vansweevelt, Cyndie Walck, James Wilson, and Liz & Jim Wolff. Ozarks Trips, October 2007-April2008 By: Mick Sutton, with information and some text from Jim Cooley, Scott House and Ben Miller October 17, 2007: A group of Kansas City area cavers led by Jim Cooley have started a project to locate missing caves and find unrecorded caves in and around the Mark Twain National Forest Irish Wilderness, along Whites Creek and the Eleven Point River in Oregon County. On an initial reconnaissance trip, Jim with Craig Hines located what is almost certainly Coffin Cave, which had an erroneous location and was essentially lost. The cave is in the Whites Creek valley not too far from the bad location, but it is fairly well hidden. Jim and Craig also located two smaller caves nearby which are good candidates from two more missing Whites Creek caves -White Cave and Niche Cave. October 20-21, 2007: A large group consisting of Jon Beard, Bob Taylor, Roy Gold, Kasi Johnson, Gabe Rodgers, and Ashley Smith worked to clean up caves in Ozark National Scenic Riverways. This project was set up by CRF (Scott House), is funded by ONSR, and is operated by Springfield Plateau Grotto of the NSS, many members of which are also CRF members. First on the list was Lost Man Cave, a popular wild tourist cave. The party removed almost all of the profuse graffiti and collected a large bag of garbage. Prior to reaching the cave, a wrong turn took them accidentally to Cave Spring Cave -taking advantage of the error, they removed graffiti from this large shelter-like entrance before moving on to Lost Man Cave. The next day, the crew moved on to Bluff Cave where massive speleothem damage has occurred. Numerous stalagmites and columns were glued back together in situ, relying on both previously matched pieces and newly found A mphitheater Cave. Photo by Craig Hines. matches. The many fragments of the worstdamaged column were removed for treatment at home. November 3: There was a trip by Sue Hagan and Mick Sutton to Bounds Branch Cave (MTNF, Shannon County) to collect additional specimens of what at first glance had appeared to be an unusual troglobitic millipede. The collecting went well, but the millipede population turned out to be the common Ozark troglobite Tingupa pallida. We followed that up with a survey and inventory of nearby Bounds Branch Spring Cave. We were not quite adequately dressed for what turned out to be a longer than expected low stream crawl (c. 200 ft.), but the survey did get finished. November 6: Mick Sutton gave a talk on the long involvement of CRF with MTNF caves at the MTNF leadership conferenceat their headquarters in Rolla, MO. November 10: The Crevice Cave bio-inventory continued, as usual via the Pipistrelle Entrance. Mick Sutton and Sue Hagan were accompanied into the cave by a mapping crew (Paul Hauck, Richard Young, and Ted Muller). The objective was to survey North Merlins stream passage to its terminus at the Eternity passage stream, the main drain for Crevice Cave. Observations included an almost total absence of pipistrelles from their namesake entrance and a very young juvenile sculpin, suggesting that sculpin reproduction is indeed occurring in the cave. The observation of two sculpins upstream from the Waterfall in Merlins negated the hypothesis that the Waterfall forms a barrier to upstream fish dispersal. Green/ bronze frogs have been fairly abundant, but most were in poor condition -this species seems not well adapted to cave life. The distribution of the two aquatic isopods continues to show interesting patterns. One revealing spot was a small tributary stream in the North Merlins upper bypass, where large numbers of the stygophile, but not the stygobite, inhabited shallow water over a flowstone cascade, whereas the converse was true for the deep rimstone pool fed by the cascade.


November 18: Bob Osburn, Aaron Addison and Brian Sides went to Hamilton Cave (MTNF, Phelps County) to work on the few remaining leads for the map. They first mapped a 50 ft deep blind pit, sketching it from a ledge partway down with the help of a Disto, then went to a small lead at the far end of the main trunk -this consisted 0 f upwards 0 f 50ft. 0 flow craw 1-way following the edge of a collapse zone. The breakdown probably results from intersection of the cave with a surface valley. Two more small leads remain to complete this survey. December 1-2: The Springfield Plateau Grotto crew (Jon Beard, Even Christiansen, Jason Hardinger, Kasi Johnson, Nick Newman, Gabe Rodgers, Max White, Charlie Young, plus Scott House and Joel Laws) resumed restoration work in ONSR with a trip to Big Spring to remove graffiti from Anastomosis and Well Caves. They also went across the river to Granite Quarry Cave, where a looter's pit was back-filled, and to neighboring Little Granite Quarry Cave to remove graffiti. Next day, part of the crew worked on Bear Cave (ONSR, Texas County). December 8: There was another Crevice Cave bio-survey trip. Mick and Sue were again accompanied into the Pipistrelle Entrance by the mapping crew of Paul Hauck and Richard Young. The init'ial objective was to survey Eternity Passage upstream from Merlins junction, but a mildly threatening weather forecast persuaded us to substitute a shorter objective, North Independence Passage, a dry, high level trunk off the Merlins streamway. The passage was somewhat of a biological desert. We also surveyed part of Sculpin Lane, a small stream passage intersected by Independence, although we ran out of time before reaching sculpin territory. January 5-6, 2008: A lot of people worked on a variety of projects at Ozark National Scenic Riverways. On January 5, Scott House, Jim Cooley, Gary Johnson, Sue Hagan and Mick Sutton took a trip to the Tunnel Bluff Natural Area, on the southern border of ON SR. A cluster of caves here had locations that might be either within ONSR or on adjacent MTNF property. On this occasion, the crew determined that all the known caves were north of a county line, and hence within ONSR, but on the walk-in a new cave was discovered on MTNF property. Named Ri versidewinder Ca ve this was a 60 ft. mu It ientrance tunnel paralleling the bluff line. Sue and Mick inventoried this, while the rest of the crew went on to Tunnel Bluff to first patch an error in the map of Tunnel Bluff Cave, then to map several other caves. The full party then mapped and did biological surveys of the re-12 maining caves -Two Caves North and South, Tunnel Cave and Big Tunnel Bluff Cave, the latter a large shelter-like feature. Meanwhile, a survey party worked on a large stream cave within ONSR but owned by Missouri Department of Conservation. Zach Copeland and Spike Crews mapped 220 ft. to a choke out in a "pretty grim" side passage; Dan Lamping, Tony Schmitt, and Kyle Rybaki continued the main stream passage for 300 ft., while Max White and Charley Young did photodocumentation. A large upper level lead was discovered above the main trunk, and the main stream passage continues unexplored. On January 6, Scott, Spike and Kyle located and mapped Poker Cave in ONSR. The cave consisted of 200 ft. of dry, decorated passage. The survey was uneventful except for a strong smell of cat, apparently from a resident bobcat. This gave the surveyors some pause, but they persevered. The cave ended in a flowstone plug. Meanwhile, Jim, Gary, Sue and Mick spent some hours wandering around Sheep Ranch Hollow (MTNF, Oregon County) in a futile attempt to locate a cave mentioned in a guide book by local author Geneva Cline. Despite fairly explicit clues, we failed to locate the cave, which was said to be alongside the spring by the Forest Service road in Speep Ranch Hollow. No such spring exists, as far as we could tell. January 11-13: Scott and Patti House went to Tunnel Bluff to do some surface survey in order to portray the multiple neighboring ca ves on one map sheet. The next day, they did more surface mapping in Prairie Hollow to enhance the Prairie Hollow Cave map -this is a small tectonic cave in rhyolite. On January 12, Joe Cooley, Justace Clutter, Max White and Charley Young inventoried and photographed three ONSR caves -Shaft Cave, Limekiln Hollow Cave and Bootleggers Cave, all in the Round Spring area. Next day, Joe and Justace visited Sugartree Hollow Cave on MDC property near Round Spring, which they inventoried for bat usage. They also made another attempt to locate the elusive Sheep Hollow Ranch Cave (MTNF, Oregon County), alas with still no cave to show for it. January 19: (report by Scott House). On a very cold day, Scott House and Tony Schmitt went to Forester Cave (MDC, Shannon County). We tried to do clean up survey in an area behind a mass ive flow stone disp lay; Tony took 0 ff his shoes and climbed around and discovered a passage continuation that drops to walking size and must be surveyed. We weren't prepared for that so it will wait. Another area that needed to be finished had about 15 gray bats hibernating at it


so that was out as well. We went forward up the main upstream passage, surveying various cutarounds or drawing them in, eventually reaching the end of the useful side leads. January 20: (report by Ben Miller). Ben Miller and Bob Lerch mapped some caves in the Sinkhole Ridge area (MTNF and private land, Barry County). We hiked the two miles in to a giant sinkhole above the caves. We mapped Slant Rock Cave first, then hiked down the small tributary to map Creekside Cave and "Dirt Sink Cave," which we now know is Indian Ladder Pit (though it is not a pit and has no such ladder). We had to dig a bit to get in as the ground had frozen and swelled and made the already tiny entrance only five inches high. We decided to save it for the cold nighttime and go map one more cave that would be in the warm sun. So we hiked another 3/4 of a mile to Above Fox Cave and knocked that one out. Back at Indian Ladder/Dirt Sink, it was dark and quite cold but we were able to stuff our down jackets into the small entrance blocking any cold air that might sink into the cave. We mapped the warm cave and then started the long hike back -the moon was so bright that we were able to hike the entire distance without headlamps. There are still nine caves left unmapped so we'll be back. January 26: Mick Sutton, Andy Free and MDC cave biology intern Doug Foster did a biological survey of Apple Dumpling Cave (MTNF, Phelps County). The cave, although not extensive, is biologically diverse. One of the more interesting finds was a population of the rare stygobitic amphipod Allocrangonyx hubrichti -this animal has a very restricted range centered on Phelps County, but this particular population had been missed by a previous bio-survey of the cave. January 27: Mick Sutton, Sue Hagan and Kyle Rybacki knocked off the last few leads to com-Amphitheater Cave. Photo by DJ Hall. 13 plete the survey of Hamilton Cave. The leads consisted of one minor cut-around off the main trunk and a sleezy mud crawl in the maze section, the whole totaling about 170 ft. Meanwhile, Scott House, Jeff Crews, Andy Free, Jerry Wagner and Kiley Bush mapped Outlaw Cave (MTNF, Phelps County) for 300 ft. The survey was uneventful except for the presence of a large, live raccoon, which had to be awakened and persuaded to move off. The crew then moved over to nearby White Pine Cave to begin a survey. February 2-3: Dan Lamping and Kristen Schulte started a resurvey of Ditch Cave, a flood-prone cave with its entrance in a highway ditch in ONSR (Shannon County). Next day, they finished a survey of Beal Bluff Cave, a smallish ONSR cave with a climb-up entrance. February 9: There was another in a series of Crevice Cave bio-survey trips. Paul Hauk, Richard Young and Mike ---did mapping in the nearer reaches of South Merlins while Mick and Sue took MDC biologists Bill Elliott and Doug Foster on a tour downstream. We split into two parties; Mick and Doug continued down to the end of Merlins and ran an inventory down the first few thousand feet of the main Eternity stream passage to the point where wall to wall deep water intervened. Sue and Bill meanwhile did stream census in North Meriins, almost down to the Eternity junction. February 10: Jim Cooley, Craig Hines and Marcello Kramer found an interesting new cave in the Irish Wilderness (MTNF, Oregon County). Amphitheater Cave has a vertical entrance high on a ridgetop, and is decorated with massive dripstone. February 23: The Crevice Cave bio-survey continued. While Paul Hauck and Richard Young conducted a trip to the Paradise Room for guests Mary Schubert and Rick Schweitzer, Mick Sutton and Sue Hagan followed the same route, continuing the bio-inventory upstream from the Merlins/ Eternity confluence. High turbidity restricted data collection in the main stream, but several cavernicoles were added to the list of terrestrial invertebrate fauna. We exited in a moderate spate caused by a mild thaw. February 25-26: Mick Sutton helped out with a multi-agency project to assess the bat hibernaculum at Pilot Knob Mine, Iron County. Participants included Jim Kennedy (Bat Conservation International), Bill Elliott and Doug Foster (MDC), Scott Pruitt (US Fish & Wildlife Service), and several others. The known main mine entrance was checked as well as numerous additional entrances or potential entrances scattered


across Pilot Knob Mountain and leading to disjointed fragments of the largely collapsed mine. Hibernating Indiana bats were present only in the two largest mine fragments, and the total population count was about 1700. This represents a population decline of 98% from a fairly reliable 1958 estimate. Elliott and Kennedy believe that "much of the decline probably was the result of a partial collapse of the lower mine in 1979 which may have killed many bats then caused changes in airflow and the availability of habitat. March 3: Amy Crews, Andy Free and Anna Ford completed the survey of Bowlman Cave (MTNF, Texas County) for a total of about 400 ft They also made biological observations. March 11-12: Scott House and Bill Eddleman led a week-long course on caves and cave biology at ONSR for students at Southeastern Missouri University. During the course of this, Mick Sutton came down for a couple of days to help with biology field work and to search for . -. r 14 additional specimens of the new troglobitic beetle (Pseudanophthalmus sp.) discovered in two ONSR cav es the previous year. The beetle is has proven fairly elusive, but this time we struck lucky and collected two specimens from Branson Cave, one of which was pre-deceased but in good condition, and another from Round Spring Cave. This should give adequate material from taxonomist Tom Barr to describe and name the new species. April 12: Jim Cooley and Mike Smoker located three new caves in Bliss Hollow in the MTNF Irish Wilderness. Two of these are small, but the third included a large, well-decorated room. This may be Still Cave, mentioned on an early MTNF report but never located. April 19: The Crevice Cave bio-survey continued. The weather was again mildly threatening, so a relatively short trip, fairly near the entrance was undertaken. While Paul Hauck and Terri Ressin continued the remapping, Mick and Sue did a bio-survey of Perryville Road, a long ... .. Pinc;;QY\:;r} Crdll+or d COlinh-. Cave Sl-ul'e' ParK c moo. 1 Ii> Fr1:':'::Jab">'i [h, 1"1"('<:'. 1,)"10: Hut"..:illn; B e n 4) 11 Scale 1C:t.,III:ne.1h<.f'X..:!, D I '('\'; \'C'I"Y: '''1j(l'h c"," ). ( 2,67C: Z : 'l::I''':ll, (287 I\jblrll'h.'I\.,)


tributary of Merlins stream trending towards the city of Perryville. One of the more surprising discoveries was of two skeletal groundhogs deep inside Perryville Road -despite their subterranean lifestyle, these critters are not known to enter Missouri caves. April 24: The previous fall, a new passage was discovered in Onondaga Cave, one of Missouri's premiere show caves, by a restoration crew. Removal of trash from a shallow depression had revealed a narrow pit dropping IS ft. into open passage, which proved to have significant paleontological remains. CRF negotiated an agreement with the cave's owner, Missouri Division of State Parks, to map and bio-inventory the new passage as part of a broader agreement which also provides funding for completing the Fisher Ca ve survey (Meramec State Park) and for cave files work. The mapping crew consisted of many of the passage's discoverers -Ben Miller, Andy Free, Spike Crews, Lyle Hutchins, and Kyle Rybacki. While two survey parties worked towards each other from opposite ends of the 300 ft. long pas-15 sage, Mick and Sue did a biological survey, finding that the passage was almost devoid of macrofauna -all that we found were a few remains of troglobitic millipedes and beetles. It will be interesting to see if this changes now that the passage is again open. April 28-30: Jim Cooley did some more reconnaissance in the MTNF Eleven Point District, this time focusing on another long lost cave, Van Winkle Cave. The cave has a decent map, but the 1960 mapping crew covered the small entrance with a rock when they finished, and the cave has not been seen since. Jim found a plausible candidate location, but some minor excavation will be needed to prove or disprove it. This was followed by another attempt on the mysterious Sheep Hollow Cave, which is starting to seem not so much elusive as perhaps nonexistent. The map of the New Discovery in Onondaga Cave, on the preceding page, was drawn by Ben Miller. Mammoth Cave: Labor Day Expedition, August 29-September 1, 2008 By: Bob Osburn, Expedition Leader Larry Pursell, Camp Manager The 2008 Labor Day expedition was well attended with 39 cavers, 5 kids, and various other camp visitors. About 4,900 feet of cave was surveyed and approximately 2,000 of that was new. Two caving trips went out on Friday, nine trips on Saturday, and seven on Sunday. Work was diverse but one focus was Colossal Cave which is now closed until May for bats. I think most people had a good time. I know I did. Larry Pursell fed us well and allowed me to keep my sanity at breakfast time. JoAnne had to work this year and as many of you know Maggie is at Cal Tech in graduate school A few people canceled at the last minute and we should remind everyone that we now have network access and hence email at Hamilton Valley so that late emails can be accessed. Late notice is better than no notice at all. I did fairly well on food planning and we ate almost everything except I vastly over prepared pasta for Sunday's dinner and you all may have to suffer through the same meal yet again. Bad memory as to what had transpired at a prior expedition was the cause. There were a fair number of people around camp during the day and I would like to commend all of them for taking the initiative to be helpful with cleaning, washing dishes and helping prepare dinner. Caving Trips Ronnel Cave: Two trips were fielded to Roppel Cave. On Friday Mick Sutton took Sue Hagan, Terry Holsinger, and Mary Schubert to East Lexington Avenue. Their objective was a hole in the floor of Lexington Avenue. When he found stations he realized it had been previously surveyed from the other direction and went to his backup objective, a resurvey of an upper level from Pirates Pot to North Crouchway completing about 500 feet of survey. On Saturday, Jeff Bartlett took Dick Market, Laura Lexander, and Marvin Miller to downstream Hawkins River in Roppel to continue the resurvey in a search for the error that causes a major mismatch between Roppel and the Proctor part of the river. He completed 650 feet of this section and stopped at the Pulpit where sketcher shock in the huge breakdown pile and lack of time defeated him. Great Onyx Cave: Lynn Brucker and Roger Brucker took a theodolite to the tour trails of Great Onyx cave on Friday and she returned with Leah Bartlett and Bill King on Saturday to continue working on the calibration of the new digital compass/clinometer combination called the Shetland Attack Pony. In theory once cali-


brated the distomat-sized device provides digital compass and clinometer information together, requires no user skill beyond aiming and can fit where no head can. It is supposed to operate in any position. Calibration is required and this requires a magnetic free set of shots with multiple known azimuths and inclinations. The device seems to work but issues remain with both how to properly calibrate and stability of a calibration (see Lynn Brucker or her article in Compass and Tape if you are interested. Search the web and you will find many discussions. You will also find reference to a good many other similar kinds of devices which at present are fairly expensive. At the present I suggest we not retire our compass reading skills just yet although the results are promising and the next generation will hopefully be better and perhaps eventually cheap enough that we can afford them.) Historic Mammoth: Three trips were fielded into Historic Mammoth. On Saturday Ed Klausner led Roger Brucker, Elizabeth Miller, and Rick Toomey to Watson Trace. They surveyed 280 feet. They left more leads than they finished. The promising lead up and left near the end stopped after 120 feet. A low nondescript lead to the right (north) near the entrance went about 150 feet where it hit breakd.own. A hole up however led to another passage ab0ve the first that continued at least 50 feet but was not enterable by some of the party. They waited to survey this passage until cleared by the archaeologist. Several other leads remain, some of which require flagging by the archaeological crew who will return sometime in the fall to flag trail in another new section .. On Sunday Ed returned to Historic with Karen Willmes, Bill Koeschner, and Elizabeth Miller. They checked leads in Calypso and Ganter avenues. They only surveyed 25 feet but checked off several leads and found abundant cave that needs surveying in Ganter if it has not already been done. One of their leads was a book with a big note that said it was surveyed backwards but it was really only bad English, as the survey was correct -although the sketch was upside down on the page! On Saturday Charles Fox, Rick Olson and Sue Hagan went to a low wet lead in Carlos Way, thought to emerge in River Styx. They surveyed 735 feet but froze out before making the connection. About 75 feet of ear dip at low water remain to close the loop. They exited through River Styx proving the connection. The upstream part of this passage sumps due to water ponded behind a sill and was thus more critical than the downstream which is only dependent on river level. Nonetheless the next expedi-16 tion that has appropriate water levels is urged to finish this loop. Wetsuits are required. Wilson Cave: Karen Willmes lead Lee-Gray Bose and James Sisson to Wilson Cave where they followed Yuck Drain (or at least a yucky drain) at Wow Ledge to the bitter end finishing 280 feet of survey. At last a lead in Wilson that stops. The party found the ferry closed due to low water and had to drive around both ways. They found a car blocking the gate when they came out but fortunately they had not driven down the road and hence were not trapped as they would have been. Flint Ridge: Jim Greer lead Bryan Signorelli and Bob Alderson to Ralph's River Trail. They first checked a survey in an errant loop for compass and tape errors and found none, then surveyed 280 feet in Ralph's River Trail. The source of the loop error remains unresolved. Salts Cave: Mick Sutton took Heather Levy, Bill Koeschner, and Matt Mezydlo (Flat Matt) to East Salts. They found a complex three dimensional passage and surveyed about 790 feet, 200 of which was new. They report numerous climbs many of which are slippery and exposed. Much remains but hard parties are required and route finding to get there is not trivial. Lesser Caves: Aaron Bird le d Terr, y Holsinger (Saturday) an" d Laura Lexander and James Sisson (Sunday) to Spined Spider and Bourbon Caves. They finished both caves and Aaron who is relatively new to CRF is drawing them up. They surveyed 170 feet of cave, all new. Alberts Domes: Bill Steele led Diana Tomchick and Elizabeth Winkler (Saturday) and Diana Tomchick and Lee-Gray Bose (Sunday) to Albert's Domes. The first effort had some routefinding difficulties and the party did not reach their objective. The second surveyed about 40 feet but removed a number of items from the lead list. Colossal Cave: Three trips went to Colossal Cave on Sunday. Charles Fox led Lynn Brucker, Eli Winkler, and Bill King to the Twin Domes area where they surveyed 480 feet, 350 of which was new. Tom Brucker led Roger Brucker and Matt Mezydlo to Serpentine Canyon where they resurveyed about 200 feet and checked several leads. Bob Alderson led Terry Holzinger and Marvin Miller to a tributary of Colossal River where they surveyed about 100 feet. Hawkins River: Jeff Bartlett visited Hawkins River again on Sunday although a bit farther downstream using the Doyle Valley entrance. He was accompanied by Heather Levy, Dick Market, and Aly Signorelli (yes, Ali did marry


Bryan). Their objective was the resurvey of the X loop, a strange hydrological beast where Hawkins splits going downstream with half the water going each way then rejoins after 3,000 feet. Yes, I know it can't do that. They found the exposure to water greater than expected due to poor memory by the expedition leader and retreated to nearby dry leads resurveying a total of 480 feet. More leads with good air remain and some with considerable water as well, in addition to a fairly wet resurvey of the X loop. Roppel Cave -Mick Sutton, Sue Hagan, Mary Schubert, Terry Holsinger; 2) Jeff Bartlett, Dick Market, Laura Lexander, Marvin Miller; Shetland Attack Pony calibration I ) Lynn Brucker, Roger Brucker; 2) Lynn Brucker, 17 Leah Bartlett, Bill King; Watson Trace -Ed Klausner, Elizabeth Miller, Rick Toomey, Roger Brucker; Albert's Domes -I) Bill Steele, Diana Tomchick, Eli Winkler; 2) Bill Steele, Diana Tomchick, Lee Gray Bose; Carlos Way -Charles Fox Sue Hagan, Rick Olson; Salts Cave -Mick Sutton, Bill Koerschner, Matt Mezydlo, Heather Levy; Ralph's River Trail -Jim Greer, Bryan Signorelli, Bob Alderson; Bourbon Cave -Aaron Bird, Terry Holsinger; Wilson Cave -Karen Willmes, Lee-Gray Boze, Jim Sisson; Spined Spider Cave -Aaron Bird, Laura Lexander, James Sisson; Historic Mammoth -Ed Klausner, Elizabeth Miller, K aren Wi limes, Bill Koerschner; Hawkins River Jeff Bartlett, Aly Signorelli, Heather Levy, Dick Market; Colossal Cave -I) Charles Fox, Bill King, Lynn Brucker, Elizabeth Winkler; 2) Tom Brucker, Roger Brucker, Matt Mezydlo; 3) Bob Alderson, Terry Holsinger, Marvin Miller. Call for Proposals 2009 CRF Research Grants for graduate student research in cave and karst studies Proposals that address topics related to caves or karst will be accepted in any field of the earth, natural, or social sciences. The Foundation awards up to $10,000 annually, distributed among one or more grant recipients. Awards typically range from $1,000 to $3,000. The truly exceptional proposal, which in volves interdisciplinary research, may also receive a Thomas C. Kane Memorial Award and up to an ad ditional $2,000 in grant support. Students must be enrolled in a degree-granting institution. Research at either the Master's or Ph.D level is eligible. Application requirements include: 1. A title and abstract summarizing the proposed research 2. A full proposal describing the intended research. 3. Two (2) letters of reference. 4. A curriculum vitae. Visit the CRF web site for complete information on the application process and to see a list of past re cipients: Deadline for applications is March 1, 2009 Questions may be directed to: Dr. George Crothers Department of Anthropology 21 1 Lafferty Hall University of Kentucky Lexington KY 40506-0024 859-257 -8208


18 2009 EXPEDITION CALENDAR Before attending any expedition, you must contact the expedition leader as trip sizes may be limited. Failure to contact the leader may prevent you from attending the expedition as the trip may be full. y California -Lilburn Some basic rules of engagement for California expeditions: Con tact the expedition preferably two weeks ahead of time ; please don't spontaneously show up. We have to deal with head count


CAVE BOOKS Publication s Affiliate oithe Cave Research Foundation W' ve b o o k s .c om I SBN : 0-9 3 9748 SAN : 216-7220 R e v D8/08 CAVE BOOKS Publications Bold Identifies NEW Publications B r idgeman & Sout h China Ca ves Lindsley 7 .95 Bul litt Rambles in Mammoth Cave 6.95 Caste ret Ten Years Under the E arth 11.95 Chevalier Subterranean Climbers 7 .95 Coll i ns, H & The life a n d D eath of Floyd Lehrbe r ger Collins 14.95 hb, 10.95 Conn & Co n n The Jewel Cave Adventur e 11.95 Courbon et al. Atlas: G r eat Caves of the Worl d 21.95 Crow1her et al. The Grand Kentucky Junction (Signed by all 7 authors, Ltd ed.) 100.00 D avidson & Bishop Wi l derness Resources, MCN P 3 .00 D eJoly Memoi r s of a Spe l eo logist 10.95 hb,7.95 Despain Hidden B eneath the Mountai n s : The Caves of Sequoia and K i ngs Canyon Nat iona l Parks 12.95 E xley Caverns Measureless to Man 125.00 Ltd ed hb, 32.95 hb, 21.95 F arr The Darkness Beckons 37.95 F arr Darkness B eckons : Supplement 4 .25 H eslop The Art of Cavi n g 9 .95 L aw r ence & The Caves Beyo n d B r ucke r 15.95 McConnell Emergence, a nove l 19.95 hb, 10.95 Moo r e & S u llivan Speleology : Caves a n d the Cave E nvironment 16.95 Northup et al. A Guide to Spe l eological lite r ature of the English L anguage 1 794 1996 34.95 hb, 24.95 N ymeyer Car l sbad, Caves and a Came r a 15.95 O l iphant A l pine Karst 2004 Vol. 1 14. 00 O liphant A l pine Kil rst 2006 Vol. 1 17.00 O lson P r ehistoric Cave r s of Mammoth Cave 6 95 O lson & Hani o n Scary Stories o f Mammoth Cave 7.95 P almer Cave Geology 37.95 R eames et al. Deep Secre ts: The Discovery and Expl o r ation of L echuguilla Cave 32.95 hb, 24.95 St eele Yochib: The R iver Cave 10.95 Stewa r d T r ue T a l es of T e rror i n the Caves of the World 10.95 Watso n P A r c h eo l ogy of the Mammot h Cave Area 24.95 Watson, R. Cav ing 3 .00 Watson R. U n de r P low m a n's Floor ( repr i nt) 12.95 Watson, R. et al. CRF O r igi n s a n d the First T we lve Yea r s 1957-1968 12.00 Willmes CRF P e rsonnel Manua l 10.00 CRF CR F CR F CR F CR F CR F CRF CRF CR F 1974 1 978 A nnual Reports 197 5 1976 Annual Reports 1977 1980 A nnual Reports 198 1 1993 Ann ual Reports 1994 1997 Annual R e po rts 1998 2000 A nnual Rep orts 2001 2003 Annual Reports 2004 2005 Annual Reports CR F P I N (314" diameter, enameled) 15.00 p b* 3 .00 pb ea. 4.00 p b ea. 5 00 pb ea. 10. 0 0 pb* 10.00 pb* 10.00 pb* 10.00 pb' 5.00 = one volume Maps Carlsbad Cav ems 2.00 Kaempe r Map of Mammo t h Cave (ca. 1908) 3 .50 Lee Cave, Mammoth Cav e National Park 4.00 Mammoth Cave Map Card 1 .75 Mammoth Cave P oster Map 3.50 Mammoth Cave P oster Map ( Collector s Edition) 25.00 Ogle Cave Carlsbad Cavems N.P. 1 .50 Eighth Intem ationa l Congress P oste r (1981) 2.00 pb pb pb pb pb pb pb pb pb pb pb pb hb pb pb pb pb p b pb pb pb pb pb pb hd pb pb pb pb pb pb pb pb Other Publishers Acke r man The Moo n by Wha l e light 19.95 hb B lack I D on t Play Golf 1 2.95 hb Bo r den & Brucke r B eyo n d Mam mo t h Cave 59.95 hb, 29.95 pb Brucker & The L ongest Cave (new edition) R Watson 24.95 hb, 19.95 pb Call o t F .-M. & Y Phot o graphier Sous T erre 20.00 hb Ca r stens & Of Caves and Shell Mounds P Watson 28.95 pb D asher O n Station 17.00 h b F aust Sa l tpet r e Mining in Mam m oth Cave 5 .95 pb F i n kel Going U n der / Endura n ce, poems 9.95 pb Flet che r The Man from the Cave 9.50 hb Geo rge Mammot h Cave Saltpet e r Wor ks 24.95 pb George Mumm i es Catacom b s and Mamm oth Cave 16.50 pb Geo r g e N ew M adrid E art h quake a t Mammoth Cave 3 .00 pb Geo r ge Saltpete r & Gunpowde r Manufacturi n g i n Kentucky 3.00 pb Griffin L iste ning in the D ark (Bats) 6.00 pb Gurnee Gurnee Gu i de to Ameri can Show Caves 19.95 pb H a l liday Floyd Co l lins of Sand Cave 4.95 pb H emple & C o n ove r On C all 28.00 pb H ill & F orti Cave Miner als of the World 70.00 hb Kerbo B atwings and S p i de r E yes 8 .00 p b Klim c houk et al. Speleogenesis 60.00 h b Kurte n The Cave Bear Story 9.95 hb Lewis Carte r Caves S t a t e P ark 14.95 pb L o n g Rock J ocks Wal l Rats, and H a n g Dogs 11.00 pb McClurg Adve n ture of Caving 14.95 pb Murray & B rucke r T rappedl F loyd Collins Story 19.95 pb Noswat Maws : Death in Big Cave National Mo n ument 3.00 pb Nowak Walker s Bats of t h e Wor l d 19.95 pb NSF E nsueno Cave Study 5.00 pb NSF F ountain N P Stud y 5.00 pb Padgett & Smith On Rope 32.00 hb P rosser & Grey Cave D iving Manual 32.95 pb Rea Cav i n g B asics 19.00 pb Rother H & C L ost Caves of SI. Louis 9.95 pb S i ffr e L e s Anim a u x des Gouffres e t des Cavernes 7.95 hb Simpso n Sex lies, & S u rvey T ape 11.95 pb S l oa n e Cave rs, Caves and Cavi n g 9.95 hb Speleo P rojects Lechug u illa J ewe l of the Underground 56.00 hb Steward T a les of Dirt, Danger, and D arkness 8.95 pb Stone & Ende Beyo n d t h e Deep 26.95 h p Taylor Cave P assages 15. 00 hb Tay l or D a r k life 1 2.00 hb, 11.00 pb Turner The Vampi r e Bat 10.00 h b Valli & S u mmers S h adow H u n ters: The Nest Gathe r e r s of Tige r Cave 24.95 hb Wa t son, P P rehistory of Salts Cave 9.95 pb Watson R In T h e D a r k Cave (Ch i l d ren) 5 .9 5 pb Wefer Where t h e Sun Don t S hine 5 .95 pb William s Blue Crysta l a n ovel 19,95 hb S end Orders To: CA VE BO O KS, 4700 Amherwood D r D ay t o n O H 4542 4 E -mail Mak e checks payable to CAVE BOOKS Post aKc & H a n d l i ng: S3.50 f o r the first hook. S.75 for each addit i onal hook. S3.50 for one to ten maps o r map cards ro lled in one tube (O ut side USA -douhle jJ()stage)


Cave Research Foundation c/o Bob Hoke, Circulation Manager 6304 Kaybro St. Laurel, MD 20707-2621 Address Service Requested Non-Profit Org U .S. Postage PAID Spencerville, MD Permit #524 [,507] GEORGE VENI 507 E CHAPMAN RD CARLSBAD NM 88220-9383 ADDRESS CORRECTIONS If you have changed phone number (i.e., area code split), e-mail address, or have moved, please send your information to: Phil DiBlasi PO Box 126 Louisville, KY 40201-0126 THE CRF WEBSITE Contact your operations manager for the user id and password for the members-only section of the site.

Contents: From the
President: Fun in the Desert, CRF National Expedition and
Meeting / Scott House --
An Experience Sublime: Taking Music to the Underground /
Janet Bass --Smith --
Hopkins Chocolate (Cup) Cave, Lava Beds National
Monument, California / Bruce Rogers and Liz Wolff --
Regional Expedition Reports: CRF Lava Beds Expedition,
Thanksgiving Weekend, Nov. 25-Dec. 4, 2008 / Bruce Rogers and
Pat Helton, Expedition Leaders --
Ozarks Trips, October 2007 April 2008 / Mick Sutton,
with information and some text from Jim Cooley, Scott House and
Ben Miller --
Mammoth Cave: Labor Day Expedition, August 29 September
1, 2008 / Bob Osburn, Expedition Leader Larry Pursell, Camp
Manager --
Call for Proposals 2009 CRF Research Grants for graduate
student research in cave and karst studies --
2009 Expedition Calendar.


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