Contents: Message from the Vice Chairman --
Message from the Vice Chairman --
16th International Symposium on Vulcanospeleology --
Letters received --
Trip report: Hawai'i --
Model of rhnkaggur, Iceland --
Photo gallery --
Payunia --Speleo Calendar.
N 6 6 July 201 3 o Union International de Splology UIS Commission on Volcanic Caves e NEWSL ETTER
http://www.uis speleo.org/ http://w ww.vulcanospeleology.org Message from the Chairman. ....... .... .............. .. ......... ........ 3 Message from the Vice Chairman...................................... 4 16th International Sympo s i um on Vulcanospeleology........ 5 Letters Received .... ........... ............... ...... .......... ............... .. 13 Trip Report: H awai'i ............................ ........ ...................... 1 4 Model of rhnkaggur, Iceland .................. ...................... 17 P hoto Gallery............... ................. ........ ............................. 18 Payunia............................................................................. 21 Speleo Calendar................................... ............................. 2 2 No. 6 6 July 201 3 Contents The Commission on Volcanic Caves N ewsletter has been published q uarterly since December 22 1993. The Newsletter is available free of charge to all members of the c o mmission, and to others who are i nterested in lava caves.
firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org MISSION STATEMENT The U.I.S. Commission on Volcanic Caves encourages exploration and scientific investigation of volcanic caves, and hosts the Internat ional Symposium on Vulcanospeleology about every two years. COVER PHOTO An active eruption during the 1969 1971 Mauna Ulu eruption of Kilauea Volcano, Hawai i Volcanoes National Park, Hawai i. Photo by J.B. Judd, October 21, 1970. Photo is courtesy of the U.S Geological Survey U.S.G.S.
Prepared for the UIS Congress in Brno/Czech Republic 2013 Please realize our commission has often two symposia between UIS congresses. At each occasion a commission meeting is hold, and a report issued. So this one reports about the period between 2009 Kerrville/USA and 2013 Brno/Czech Republic. Main activities were the symposia in Australi a 2010 and Jordan 2012. Coming is now Galpagos Ecuador 2014. Proposals for future symposia are Hawaii 2016, and New Mexico and Argentina for 2018. A clear problem starts to be the recession in certain parts of the world. Participants who work in instit utes do not at times get financial support to visit symposia. We lost two members of the commission Ron Greeley, certainly known for his knowledge of c aves not on this world and Chris Wood, who investigated caves of this world His long awaited book about caves of volcanic origin actually the first one everybody was waiting for is temporarily in heaven. Some activities of members: our honorar y president, Bill Halliday, is working with NASA to suggest lava tubes as shelter for astronauts. rni Stefnsson, our man on Iceland, is working very hard to make the hollow crater accessible as a tourist attraction. actually a non member, Sjoerd va n der Schuit of the Netherlands, looked for lava tubes on the Kilimanjaro and found some. Report available. our man in Kenia, Jim Simons, published a latest Speleophant containing many never published articles. our vice chairman, Harry Marinakis, no w takes care of the digital Newsletter. He also made the rules about organizing a symposium, maybe needed for future symposia. Stephan Kempe is doing much work in Jordan, and maybe saved the symposium in Jordan. John Pint takes care of the web site, which is now actually a bible for volcanic caves: it contains the newsletters, but also all proceedings of the symposia. Jan Paul van der Pas
Photo: Harry in a lava cave in Jordan, by John Brush Greetings! This e newsletter was delayed pending more information about the 16th International Symposi um on Vulcanospeleology 16th ISV in the Galpago s Islands, Ecuador. I am pleased to announce that this newsletter includes more detailed information about the schedule an d events for the symposium. The IUS 16th International Congress of Speleology is j ust around the corner, July 21 28, 2013, in Brno, Czech Republic. During th is C o ngress the Commission on Volcanic Caves will discuss the 17th ISV in great detail. I suspect the Commission may also make a final determination about the location and date of t he 17th ISV. There are several options on the table right now including in alphabetical order: Ar gentina, Hawai'i and New Mexico. I traveled to Hawai'i in February 2013 to meet with the Hawai'ian cavers and discuss the possi bility of hosting the 17th ISV in Hawai'i in 2016 or 2017. I had the pleasure of staying the Ann and Peter Bosted on the Big Island, and caving with Mike Warner, Emily Davis, and many other local Hawai'ian cavers. There is no lack of either hospitality or caves on the Big Island of Hawai'i! Additionally I scouted t he Big Island of Hawai'i from the perspective of someone who is knowledgeable of the requirements for our organization's symposium. I looked at lodging options, meeting halls, travel distances, etc. My findings were forwarded to the Chairman Jan Paul Fo rtunately there will representatives from the Hawai'ian caving community at the Congress in Brno e.g., St ephen Smith, so the details can be discussed in more detail. I am sorry, but due to work requirements, I cannot attend the Brno Congress. I wish you the best, and have a great time in Brno! Sincere ly, Harry A Marinakis Vice Chairman Hawai i.
The IUS Commission on Volcanic Caves announces by popular demand: 16 th International Symposium on Vulcanospeleology Galpago s Islands, Repblica del Ecuador March 1 6 2 2 2014 with additional trips March 8 15 and March 24 30 Hosted by ECUCAVE Caving Organization of Ecuador & Conference Co Chairs: Theofilos Toulkeridis, Ph.D. / Aaron Addison, MSGISc
Schedule for the 16th International Symposium on Vulcanospeleology Pre Symposium Trip March 8 15, 2014 Limestone c av e e xploration on the mainland, Ecuador The Vulcanospeleology Symposium March 16 22 2014 Puerto Ayora, Isla Santa Cruz, Galpago s Islands, Repblica del Ecuador Isla Isabela Galpago s Islands, Repblica del Ecuador Post Symposium Trip Option 1 March 2 4 30, 2014 Galpago s Snorkeling & Scuba Cruise Post Symposium Trip Option 2 March 24 30, 2014 Mainland karst & caving field trip
Google maps Pre Symposium Limestone Cave Trip March 8 15, 2014 Th e pre symposium field trip is a special trip to explor e Tayos Cave limestone on the mainland to produce a video documentary Detailed Schedule: March 8, 2014 Arrive in Quito or Shell Repblica del Ecuad or, and transfer to Shell March 9 to 14, 2014 Exploration of Tayos Cave and making of a documentary March 15, 2014 Arrive back in Quito Notes: Cost: $180 per person Space is limited You must provide your own transportation to Q uito or Shell if you fly to Quito then transportation to Shell will be provided Helicopter flight to the cave is provided You will be camping in the cave There will be English & Spanish video teams to document the exploration of Tayos Cave Tayos Cav e can not be visited without special permit of the Army and the native indigenous villages Group dining Lead by Theofilos Toulkeridis and Aaron Addison
16th International Symposium on Vulcanospeleology March 16 22 2014 Detailed Schedule: March 16, 2014 Fly to Baltra and then transfer to Puerto Ayora Evening co cktails. March 17, 2014 Symposium, Conferences, Posters. Dinner. March 18, 2014 Bellavista caves. BBQ Dinner. March 19, 2014 Caves at Premicias Dinner at site. March 20, 2014 Royal Palm Cave. Transfer to Isabela Island. Dinner. March 21, 2014 Field trip visits to the caves of Southeast Sierra Negra or vertical trip to Triple Volcan see photo page 10 March 22, 2014 End of symposium E arly departure to Santa Cruz or optional g uided tour to Sulfur mines, new volcanic fields & Volcan Chico on Isabela Island no caving March 23, 2014 Early departure to Santa Cruz. Charles Darwin Research Station. Note: There will be field trips and caving every day from March 18 through March 21 Caving in the Galpago Islands. Photo by Peter Sprouse
Transportation 1. You must arrange your own transportation to Ba l tra airport GPS in the Galpagos 2. Commer c i al flights to Baltra GPS originate on the Ecuador main land from either Quito UIO or Guayaquil GYE and cost about $200 to $400 round trip 3 Transfer to Puerto Ayora by taking the free bus from the Baltra airport to the ferry pier ride the ferry to Santa Cruz Island then either take the bus VERY slow or taxi up to 4 persons per truck across the island to P uerto Ayora. 4 The transfer s between Baltra and Puerto Ayora are included in the symposium fee. Google maps Puerto Ayora 5 Plan to arrive in Puerto Ayora no later than March 16, 2014 6 Do not fly into San Cristobal. 7 Commercial air carriers that fly Baltra GPS include: Aerogal : http:/ /www.aerogal.com.ec/ LAN : http://www.lan.com/ Tame : https://www.tame.com.ec/
Symposium Registration Fee $620 per person I ncludes: 6 night's accom m odations Welcome c ocktail s Symposium Trans fer from /to Baltra airport Tr ansport to / from the caves Breakfast l unch boxes d inners Laundry Boat transport to Isabela Island and back consider sea sickness medication Extra Costs Not Included in the Symposium Registration Fee 1. Quito airport t ransit ta x to Galpagos $10 2. Galpagos National Park entry fee $100 cash only 3. Fee s for the optional tour on March 22 to the Sierra Negra volcano sulphur fields and Volcn Chico are extra and not included in the symposium fee: a. Guide and transpor tation fee s are approx imately $220 and will be split equally amongst the group i.e., $22 per person if there are 10 people b. There is also a fee of $15 per person for your horse. c. You will also be responsible for one night's lodging an d your food on Isabela Island on March 22 A aron A ddison descends Triple Volcn Photo by Peter Sprouse. Lodging For early arrivals to Puerto Ayora: Lodging in Puerto Ayora var ies considerably in price and quality, from $15 to $800 per nig ht. Contact Dr. Theofilos Toulkeridis, Ph.D. for advice on specific bookings. H is e mail is: email@example.com
Post Symposium Cruise March 24 30, 2014 Option 1 Post S ymposium Tour March 24 30, 2014 Option 2 1 This is a Galpagos s norkeling & scuba diving cruise 2. The cruise fee is $1 535 and includes: 5 nights accommodation on the boat 4 days of guided scuba diving excursions T wo "one tank" div e s daily Equipment rental All meals onboard Naturalist guide Led by Jorge Mahauad http://www.tiptopdiving.com/ 3. Surface temps 18 25 C 64 77 F may drop to 13 C 56 F at depth ~20m or ~60 ft 4 Departs from Puerto Ayora on March 24 1. This is a limestone karst and caving tour on the mainland Ecuador 2 The tour fee is $360 and includes: T ran sport ation B reakfast l unch boxes d inners 5 nights a ccom m odation s E ntrance fee s G uides 3. Th is schedule is tentative, and may change to include trips to Tungurahua and Cotopaxi volcanoes to see pyroclastic flow s s trombolian expl osions, lahars and pyroclastic flows in action 4. Departs from Quito on March 24
Galpagos National Park 1. Please familiarize yourself with the Rules for Visitors of the Galpagos Protected Area : http://www.galapagospark.org/nophprg.php?pa ge= turismo_reglas_visitantes&set_lang=en Money 1. The currency in Ecuador is U.S. dollars S mall bills such as $10 and $20 are required Bills $50 and larger will not be accepted anywhere. 2. The locals may not accept wrinkled, torn, or soiled bills. 3 In the Galpagos t here are four ATM machines in Puerto Ayora max withdrawl $100 per day per machine although you may have to search for one that is working. There are no ATM machines on Isabela. 4. On the mainland, d o not count on finding reliable ATM machines outside of major cities 5 C redit cards are generally accepted on Santa Cruz, but not on Isabela. Caving 1. The Galpagos caves are warm, 26 28 C 79 82 F 2. Suggested caving wear includes: T s hirt, long pants for crawling or shorts over lightweight tights leather gloves, knee pads helmet and electric lights 3. There will be very little crawling 4. B ring vertical gear if you plan to drop Triple Volcan 5 If you are coming from the United States, please decontaminate your gear http://whitenosesyndrome.org/topics/deconta mination PR OTECT YOURSELF Blistering sun burns are possible. Bring a good sun hat, SPF 50 sunscreen zinc oxide, and a long sleeve shirt to protect yourself from the powerful equatorial sun!
LETTERS RECEIVED June 7, 2013 Dr. Van der Pas; My name is Don Esker; I m a vertebrat e paleontologist at the Waco Mammoth Site, and a newly minted Ph.D. candidate at Baylor University. I m looking for possible dissertation topics, and the volcanoes in and around Lake Nicaragua have piqued my interest as a potential study area. This holds e xcellent promise for paleontologists. Nicaragua in general is in a paleontologically fascinating area; because it was near ground zero for the American Biotic Interchange it represents the southern limit of a great many North American Pleistocene taxa n ot least of which is Mammuthus columbi and the northern limit for a great many South American taxa. Lake Nicaragua specifically has a great deal of charm for me because it contains some of the world s larger fresh water islands, in one of the world s olde st extant laucustrine systems. It would be fascinating to see if there s enough reproductive isolation on these volcanic islands to have brought the Island Rule into play. Lastly, as you well know in many parts of the world Paleogene and Neogene lava tubes have proved to be excellent environments of fossil preservation in areas where it is otherwise unlikely. Most of the fossil record of the Hawaiian Islands has been found in conjunctio n with speleological surveys, and I ve noted that your website hosts a PDF of a similar study done in the Galapagos. This trifecta of interesting local fauna, the potential for fresh water island dwarfing or gigantism, and high preservation potential makes the area around Lake Nicaragua very, very attractive for me. Ultimately it s up to my advisor to determine what kind of research I do but someone definitely needs to find out if there any significant lava tubes in the area. I m writing to you to ask if y ou are aware of any research done on the lava tubes in this region if there are any lava tubes. I ve been unsuccessful thus far in finding any useful information on Nicaraguan lava tubes, save a few in Masaya National Park that are frequented by tourist s to the area. As an expert in this field, is there any further information or advice you could impart? I would be most grateful. Warmest Regards, Don Esker Waco Mammoth Site City of Waco, TX DonaldE@ci.waco .tx.us
Trip Report: Hawai'i, February 2013 by Harry Marinakis In February 2013 I had the pleasure of meeting our fellow vulcanospeleologists in Hawai'i. My trip began with a week long stay on the Kohala coast o f the Big Island. During this week I went solo scuba diving off the Puako bea ches and explored the underwater lava flows and pyroducts. The scenery was fascinating, with arches, caverns, and pillow lava. Unfortunately, I did not bring my underwater camera a mistake that I will not repeat! The whales were in migration, so I was serenaded by whale songs during all of the dives. During my third week in Hawai'i I moved to South Point. Ann and Peter Bosted graciously inv ited me to stay with them. Puako Beach Kohala Coast Big Island Hawai'i
The Big Island of H awai'i
W e made a couple of survey trips to a relatively new area of H awai'i Volcanoes National Park. See Keoko system survey in the 16th ICS P roceedings. Addit ionally I spent several days su rveying with Emily Davis, Mike Warner and crew in the South Point area. THANK YOU EVERYONE FOR YOUR HOSPITALITY! Peter and Ann Bosted Emily Davis Mike Warner
rni B. St efnsson with a model that he made of the underg r ound chamber of rhnkaggur, Iceland He presented it a t the biannual show of the Woodturners Gui ld of Iceland and it got a favo rable coverage in Morgunblai. See the Commission on Volcanic Caves e News letter No. 62, November 2011.
PHOTO LEGEND A: Cavers in Japan Photos by Takayoshi Katsumata. B: Cavers in Japan Photo by Takayos hi Katsumata. C: Cavers in Japan Photo by Takayoshi Katsumata. D: The remains of a dyke, Hvtserkur in Hnafjrur, at the eastern side of Vatnsnes. Icebear tracks were found at Vatnsnes this summer Photo by rni B. Stefnsson Ingo at Kempe Volcano, Jordan Photo by Ju lia James 15th International Symposium on Vulcanospeleology, Jordan 2012 Photo by Paul Zehnder
Payunia will be a World Heritage UNESCO Site A rgentinian Speleology will collaborate with its experience and discoveries by Carlos Benedetto Federacin Argentina de Espeleologa FAdE In April 2012, shortly after completio n of the IV Argentine Congress of Speleology and I Latinoamericano in Malarge, Mendoza met municipal and provincial authorities with volcanologists and representatives of Argentina's delegation to UNESCO. At that meeting the cavers participated as externa l observers, but then, in late May, the FAdE presented at the UNESCO office in Buenos Aires, a letter of support for the initiative of making Payunia in Worl Heritage, as also made available to the international body of your registratio n volcanic caves of the region. Payunia is a plateau of more than 600 volcanoes retroarc formed in the Pleistocene, most of them within the territory of the province of Mendoza. However, these basal tic volcanism reach the provinces of Neuqun to the South and La Pampa to the East, and all of them have been detected lava tubes. It is in these lava tubes, not in caves in gypsum and limestone Malarge, where it has been detected so far endemic fauna troglobitic? Which is currently under study. The Argentina Federation of Speleology proposed to take into account the biological aspects of this heritage to be protected, which was not in the original project. The region is a tourist destination and it is propose d that is also a tourist destination caving and caving, but with adequate controls. In this framework, the FAdE has also proposed to the Commission of Volcanospeleology of the International Union of Speleology UIS, the respective 2016 or 2018 symposium to be held in Malarge. FAdE was also incorporated to the team of Dr. Ral Mikkan National University of Cuyo, to elaborate the dossier that national President will give to the UNESCO in 2014.
Kempe Volcano, Jordan 15th International Symposium on Vulcanospeleology 2012 Photo by Marjorie Coggan July 21 28, 2013 http://www.speleo2013.com 16 th INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON VULCANOSPELEOLOGY Pre Symposium Caving Trip March 8 15, 2014 Quito, Repblica del Ecuador Symposium on Vulcanospeleology March 16 22, 2014 Puerto Ayora, Galpagos Islands Post Symposium Cruise March 24 30, 201 4 Puerto Ayora, Galpagos Islands Post Symposium Krast & Caving Tour March 24 30, 2014 Quito, Repblica del Ecuador http://www.vulcanospeleology.org