Citation
Intercom

Material Information

Title:
Intercom
Series Title:
Intercom
Creator:
National Speleological Society (Iowa Grotto)
Publisher:
National Speleological Society (Iowa Grotto)
Publication Date:
Language:
English

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Regional Speleology ( local )
Genre:
Newsletter
serial ( sobekcm )
Location:
United States

Notes

General Note:
Intercomis a publication of the Iowa Grotto of the National Speleological Society, Inc., an internal organization of the National Speleological Society (NSS). The Iowa Grotto, is dedicated to the exploration, study, and conservation of caves.
Restriction:
Open Access - Permission by Publisher
Original Location:
Windy City Grotto Collection, 1961-2013
Original Version:
Vol. 15, no. 5 (1979)
General Note:
See Extended description for more information.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
K26-01616 ( USFLDC DOI )
k26.1616 ( USFLDC Handle )
21126 ( karstportal - original NodeID )

USFLDC Membership

Aggregations:
Karst Information Portal

Postcard Information

Format:
Serial

Downloads

This item has the following downloads:


Full Text

PAGE 1

1111 !" "# $%& !" $'& $%& ( "# #$ %& ) )" $'& $'& () $'& +, *% !" ++, $%& $'& $'& ,,. / 0 11 $%& ( ( / 000 +, 2/3 $%& %/* !" $%& $'& $%& / )" ,,. "# () $'& )" 44, ! 000 ,,,1 01 /5 ")))2 (6 01 ,* /5

PAGE 2

!"# $%!&&! !"#$%&' '( !( )*+ ,,*./ 01234 *./ 5,,67 &89 ()*+,-. 1: ;<1=29>( 1= (( :1+( 1::?9: 9/@8 39/< A3 289 *./ $<*22*4 BCC( C?A:@<1;21*=: /<9 2.*(>*DD/<: E*< :1+ 1::?9:4 *< E<99 1= 9+@8/=F9 E*< :1G1D/< ;?AD1@/21*=: *E *289< F<*22*:( !"#$%&' C&#HH I>12*9 /=> 08/11=F 289 *./ $<*22* S728 /==1M9<:/<3 @/R9 '8*2* A3 K*8= K*8=:*= 0*;3<1F82 TUVU A3 289 *./ $<*22* *E 289 B/21*=/D C;9D9*D*F1@/D C*@1923

PAGE 3

!"# $%!&&! '()*+,(./0-0+-+1*2(.+2*0)3 !"! #$% &&' +4( 5*)36 +4( 7889: @+-F=0 L*M)00, 5;(*<=(, ? ? ? ? ? @*20?5;(*<=(, .02A3?&<0(BC ? ? ? ? D*2;(0E+F,G E(
PAGE 4

!"#$%&' ($&""& !)"#* +" + (,+!%# "-./01 2341506 *7837903: $7;4<03 '779=>; *7?97/@73 AB6 ACDC $../ EFGD %0<<7H 9. .3H73I DIJJ K' +HL.43>7HI MIEJ K' +997>H0>87I AA /7/@731 0>H E ;47191 "370143:I NAEJOMF "-7 P=>0< 0330>;7/7>91 P.3 9-7 ?=8>=8 Q737 H=184117HO K7.?<7 Q=<< @7 >77H7H 9. ;4=H7 93=?1 9. 80R716 0>H 0> 0??3.S=/097 -70H 8.4>9 Q01 /0H7O %<=/@=>; 1711=.>16 /0??=>; ?3089=876 0>H 80R=>; 037 ?<0>>7H P.3 9-7 Q7757>HO '=57 -01 17>9 /0=<=>;1 9. /7/@7316 P.3/73 /7/@7316 0>H 0370 ;3.99.1 OO + 143R7: .P !** (3.99.16 17>9 @: 9-7 24>91R=<<7 (3.99.6 Q01 H=84117HO 91 /0=> 9-3419 8.>873>7H 9-7 /.30< 089=R=9=71 .P 1./7 /7/@731 09 !** %.>R7>9=.>1O !. 93=? 37?.391 Q737 ;=R7>O $7;4<03 '779=>; *7?97/@73 BT6 ACDC $../ EFGD %0<<7H 9. .3H73I DIFJ K' +HL.43>7HI MIEG K' +997>H0>87I AA /7/@731 0>H E ;47191 "370143:I NTEUBFV >9738./ =11471 037 @7;=>>=>; 9. 0??703O "-377 =11471 Q737 0R0=<0@<7 09 9-7 (3.99. ?=8>=8 Q=9-.49 8.R731O %.R731 Q=<< @7 ?3=>97H P.3 9-717 =11471 0>H 1./7 .9-73 =11471 => 9-7 >703 P49437O "./ 234150 Q=<< @7 Q.35=>; .> @085 =11471 Q-=<7 -7 =1 => W71 '.=>71O (37; '8%039: ;0R7 0 37?.39 .> 9-7 089=R=9=71 09 9-7 .Q0 (3.99. ?=8>=8 09 W499.>X1 %0R7 K035 >703 Y719 )>=.>O "-=1 Q01 0 87<7@309=.> .P 9-7 "-=39=79+>>=R73103: .P 9-7 P.4>H=>; .P 9-7 .Q0 (3.99.O '=57 Z.4>5 0>>.4>87H 9-09 9-7 +/73=80> $7H %3.11 [=319 +=H 8.4317 Q=<< @7;=> .> &89.@73 M6 ACDCO '=57 Z.4>5 37?.397H .> 9-7 2.H0; 24>9 *7?97/@73 AFVAT6 0>H '=57 "7/?7< 37?.397H .> 9-7 *7?97/@73 %.>.4>87HO #H */=9=1 ?<0>>=>; 0 93=? 9. \.>71 0>H \0851.> %.4>9=71O "-7 >7S9 %.H '=57 Z.4>5 -01 0 93=? 9. K0<=10H71 ]7?<73 *9097 K035 P.3 R739=80< 930=>=>;O $7;4<03 '779=>; &89.@73 AG6 ACDC $../ EFGE %0<<7H 9. .3H73I MIAJ K' +HL.43>7HI MIJG K' +997>H0>87I M /7/@731 0>H >. ;47191 "370143:I NMFOFC "-7 $7H %3..1 [=319 +=H 8.4317 -01 @77> 80>87<<7HO 9 Q=<< @7 3718-7H4<7H 1./7 9=/7 => \0>403: ACMGO (37; '8%039: -01 @77> Q.35=>; 9. .@90=> )>=R731=9: P4>H=>; P.3 9-7 (3.99.O 27 Q=<< 0997/?9 9. ;79 0 -703=>; P3./ 9-7 *94H7>9 *7>097 .> P4>H=>;O + H=18411=.> .P 0 H471 =>837017 Q01 -7 =>837017 9. NTOGG ?73 :703O Z03@ 0/ #>H7 =1 8-785=>; .> 9-7 ?.11=@=<=9: .P -0R=>; (3.99. "V1-=391 ?3=>97HO !. 93=? 37?.391 Q737 ;=R7>O $7;4<03 '779=>; &89.@73 BF6 ACDC $../ EFGD %0<<7H 9. .3H73I DIFJ K' +HL.43>7HI MIBG K' +997>H0>87I M /7/@731 0>H >. ;47191 "370143:I NAGGODF "471H0: &89.@73 EG Q=<< @7 9-7 -703=>; H097 P.3 194H7>9 .3;0>=^09=.> P4>H=>;O Y7 1-.4H .49 09 9-09 9=/7 Q-09 Q=<< @7 0R0=<0@<7 => P4>H=>; P.3 9-7 (3.99.O '=57 37?.391 9-7 $7H %3.11 Q=<< @7 .PP73=>; 0 Z01=8 [=319 +=H 8.4317 !.R7/@73 J D 0>H 0 %K$ 8.4317 !.R7/@73 ADO + <79973 Q01 370H 8.>873>=>; ;30H4097 3717038011=190>87 => 80R71 0>H 50319O "-7 !.39%.4>93: $7;=.> /779=>; Q=<< @7 -7 ,./@03H6 <<=>.=1 W787/@73 AJO "-=1 /779=>; =1 P.3 7<789=.> .P .PP=8731O !./=>09=.>1 P.3 .PP=87 037 H47 !.R7/@73 AD6 ACDCO (03: 0>H (Q7>>7 #>;37?.397H .> 9-7 %. -=1 93=? 9. 2.?5=>9.>O [49437 93=?1 9. (4H7>504P6 %.H '0`4.5790 %0R71 !"! #$$%&$'!()

PAGE 5

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

PAGE 6

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

PAGE 7

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

PAGE 8

!"#$%&' '()* +,-.)/ %0(11/ +203/ 2.4 40,5* -6 7, 78* 620) 90(42: .(;87/ 2.4 <,-.4 =,> ?*@(1 2.4 +200: A>8-B2. 2C0*24: 21C**6D ',17 ,< 78* 0*17 ,< 78* 6*,6C* 18,@*4 -6 A27-042: B,0.(.;D E8*. #4 ;,7 78*0* @* @2C)*4 780,-;8 2 4*.1* >,0.<(*C4/ 2 18,07 >-7 @* 78,-;87/ 7, 825* 2 C,,) 27 F20) #4;* F(7D 7 821.G7 >82.;*4 2.:D H <*@ ,< -1 @*.7 (.7, 7,@. 7, ;*7 1,B* 30*2)<217 3*<,0* 78(.;1 ;,7 ;,(.;/ 2.4 3: 78* 7(B* @* ;,7 32>) 1,B* 6*,6C* @*0* 17207(.; 7, 18,@ -6D 824 B24* 6C2.1 <,0 >C(B3(.; 1*11(,.1/ B266(.; 602>7(>*/ >25* 70(61/ 2.4 ,78*0 78(.;1 7, )**6 6*,6C* ,>>-6(*4 (. (.7*0*17(.; 2.4 -1*<-C @2:1D "@, )*: @,041 78*0* 20* 6*,6C* I@* 8204C: 824 2.:J/ 2.4 (.7*0*17 I@* 824 *5*. C*11 ,< 78(1JD "8*0* @21 (.7*0*17 2.4 6*,6C* <,0 2 70(6 7, A,@2041 %25*/ 78,-;8/ 1, '()* +,-.) 7,,) *5*0:,.* ,5*0 78*0*D +: .,@ '()* 18,-C4 ).,@ *5*0: (.>8 ,< 7827 >25* 3: 8*207D ?,@*CC/ +203/ 2.4 172:*4 3*8(.4 7, @27>8 ,5*0 78(.;1D K,8. 18,@*4 -6 @8(C* @* @*0* 825(.; 2. 2>,0. <(;87/ 3-7 8* 1**B*4 4(1(.>C(.*4 7, L,(. -1D K,8. 30,-;87 2 >2)* 7827 824 78* ,@2 M0,77, *B3C*B ,. (7/ 2.4 78* 427*1 NOPO 7, NOQOD 7 @21 4*C(>(,-1D E8*. *5*0:,.* ;,7 32>) <0,B 78* >25* @* 17207*4 8*27(.; -6 78* <,,4/ 2.4 B24* ,.* B,0* 70(6 (.7, 7,@. 7, ;*7 B(C)D "8* >25* ,@.*01 18,@*4 -6 L-17 21 78* <,,4 @21 23,-7 0*24:/ 2.4 *5*0:,.* 127 4,@. 7, 2 3(; B*2CD %8(C( IB24* 3: ?,@*CCJ 2.4 >8(>)*. 2.4 .,,4C*1 IB24* 3: B: B,BJ @*0* 78* B2(. >,-01*/ 2.4 6,727, 12C24 IB24* 3: '()* "*B6*CJ 2C,.; @(78 ,78*0 ;,,4(*1 B24* -6 78* 0*17D "8* >8(C( B24* 2 3(; 8(7 @(78 ?,-(1 "8(*1D H<7*0 78* B*2C @21 2 1C(4* 18,@/ 2.4 2 B,5(* 7827 824 3**. B24* 27 78* NOQP !AA %,.5*.7(,. @* 8,17*4 (. =*>,028 I<,.4 B*B,0(*1RJD K,8. 2C1, 18,@*4 2 18,07 <(CB 8* B24* 27 2 6217 ;0,77, 6(>.(>D H<7*0 78* 18,@ @21 ,5*0 1,B* ,< 78* 6*,6C* 7,,) ,<< <,0 8,B*/ 2.4 1,B* ,< 78* 0*17 C*<7 78* .*S7 B,0.(.;D +*<,0* '()* +,-.) 2.4 8(7 78* 12>)/ 2<7*0 2CC (7 @21 ,.C: B(4.(;87/ @* @*.7 4,@. (.7, 78* 52CC*: 2.4 (.7, 78* *.702.>* ,< =-77,.1 %25*D @2.7*4 '()* 7, 18,@ B* 2 4,B* 7827 824 3**. >8*>)*4 ,-7 3: 2 .*@ 6*01,. ,. 2 0*>*.7 70(6D 7G1 .,7 5*0: <20 (.7, 78* >25*/ 2.4 .*20 78* 1,-78 @2CCD @2.7*4 7, 1** <,0 B:1*C**4(.;C: 4(<<(>-C7 >C(B3 @(78,-7 8*C6D &.>* :,>2. 0*2>8 78* 7,6 ,< 2 1C23 ,< 30*2)4,@. 7827 (1 82.;(.; 4,@. <0,B 2 1C,6* 78* >C(B3 3*>,B*1 *21:D "8* 17**6C: 1C,6(.; 62112;* 7827 >,.7(.-*1 1,,. *.41/ 3-7 .,7 3*<,0* (7 ;*71 2 C(77C* .200,@D "8*0* @21 2 C(77C* 30,@. 327 82.;(.; ,. 78* @2CC 27 78(1 .200,@ 16,7D E8*. 70(*4 7, 1C(4* 6217 8(B 1C(66*4 ,. 78* ;0*21: 1C,6* @(78 B: 7*..(1 18,*1 2.4 30-18*4 2;2(.17 8(BD T* ;,7 5*0: 1>20*4 2.4 >C-.; 7, B: 1@*2718(07/ 0*<-1(.; 7, C*7 ;,D >8*>)*4 ,-7 78* 0*17 ,< 78* 62112;*/ 78*. >C(B3*4 32>) 4,@. 7, @8*0* 824 0,,B 7, @,0) ,. (7D 4(4.G7 825* ;C,5*1 ,./ 1, 4(4.G7 @2.7 7, 6-CC 8(B ,<< 3: 82.4D "8(.)(.; B: C(;87 B(;87 3* 1>20(.; 8(B 7025*01*4 ,-7 ,5*0 78* 8,C* C*24(.; 4,@. 2.4 7-0.*4 ,<< B: ) 782. 5(;,0,-1G 182)(.;D <(.2CC: 7,,) 78* 1@*2718(07 ,<< 2.4 8*C4 (7 ,5*0 78* 8,C*D &.* 18206 1.26 C27*0 78* 327 @21 ,. 8(1 @2:D T* */ 2.4 60,323C: 4(4.G7 >,B* 32>) 7827 .(;87 I27 C*217JD 7 4(4.G7 60,5* 7, 3* 21 8204 7, ;*7 32>) 4,@. <0,B 78* 4,B* 2.4 ,.7, '()* 21 @21 2<02(4 (7 @,-C4 3*/ 1, 7827 @21 2 0*C(*.(>D M20:/ M@*..*/ #4/ '()* +,-.)/ 2.4 172:*4 (. 78* 20*2 <,0 1,B* C*24 >8*>)(.;D E* 17207*4 ,<< @(78 2 C20;* 1(.)8,C* 824 1**. ,. 78*

PAGE 9

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

PAGE 10

!"#$%&' ()*(+,*-. /*0 12+ *++0 3), ()*-+,4/15)*6 7258+ -2)95*: 12+ -850+-. ;),,)9+0 3,)< '5=+. +>?8/5*+0 12+ 1+(2*5@A+A-+0 5* (/45*:6 '5=+ 2+8?+0 <+ 8+/0 12+ /(1A/8 1,5?6 %)A*15*: A/*0 12+ $+(6 0+?16 ,+?,+-+*1/154+. 12+,+ 9+,+ 3)A,1++*6 B5*(+ 25:29/C DE 5(8)-+0 +/-1 )3 F*/<)-/. 1))= 12+ :,)A? A? / -+,5+)3 ()A*1C ?/4+G <+*11)9/,0 '/@A)=+1/6 &*(+ 5* 12+ 45(5*51C. 1,5+0 1) 35*0 12+ ;/(= 9/C 5*1) 12+ ?/,= )* 12+ :,/4+8 ,)/0-6 050*H1 2/4+ / C+/,/:)6 %)*-+@A+*18C. 9+ 9+*1 0)9* 12+ 9,)*: 3),= )3 / I 5*1+,-+(15)*. /*0 +*0+0 A? 9+-1 )3 12+ ?/,= /*0 2/0 1) ()<+ ;/(= )* 12+ ()A*1C ?/4+<+*16 &*(+ 9+ 35*/88C :)1 1) 12+ ?/,=. +>?8/5*+0 92/1 12+ 25-1),C )3 12+ (/4+9+,+. /*0 2)9 12+C ?,+-A1. /*0 9+ /1 9+ /88 9+*1 )4+, $A?1A,+ $)(= /*0 12,)A:2 12+ %/*C)* $))< 1) 12+ B=A88 $))<6 "2+ %/*C)* $))< 9/()
PAGE 11

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

PAGE 12

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


Description
Intercomis a publication of the Iowa Grotto of the
National Speleological Society, Inc., an internal organization
of the National Speleological Society (NSS). The Iowa Grotto,
is dedicated to the exploration, study, and conservation of
caves.