Intercom

Citation
Intercom

Material Information

Title:
Intercom
Series Title:
Intercom
Creator:
National Speleological Society (Iowa Grotto)
Publisher:
National Speleological Society (Iowa Grotto)
Publication Date:
Language:
English

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Regional Speleology ( local )
Genre:
Newsletter
serial ( sobekcm )
Location:
United States

Notes

General Note:
Intercomis a publication of the Iowa Grotto of the National Speleological Society, Inc., an internal organization of the National Speleological Society (NSS). The Iowa Grotto, is dedicated to the exploration, study, and conservation of caves.
Restriction:
Open Access - Permission by Publisher
Original Location:
Windy City Grotto Collection, 1961-2013
Original Version:
Vol. 16, no. 2 (1980)
General Note:
See Extended description for more information.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
K26-01619 ( USFLDC DOI )
k26.1619 ( USFLDC Handle )
21129 ( karstportal - original NodeID )

USFLDC Membership

Aggregations:
Added automatically
Karst Information Portal

Postcard Information

Format:
serial

Downloads

This item has the following downloads:


Full Text

PAGE 1

!"#$%&'( )'*$+ %,-%*.($/-##0 10 234 5678 9:6226 !"#$%&"' ()*'*%'%+$,"' (%,$*#! ; < / =.#!*' >=5 5%%!' ?-@/& + 8,@$# ABC<

PAGE 2

!"# $%!&&! !"#$%&' '( !( )*+ ,,*./ 01234 *./ 5,,66 &78 !"#$%&' 19 :;1<28= 1< 91+ 199>89 8/?7 38/; @3 278 *./ $;*22*4 ABB( B>@9?;1:21*<9 /;8 C1D8 =*EE/;9 C*; 91+ 199>894 *; C;88 1< 8+?7/@E1?/21*<9 *C *278; F;*22*9( !"#$%&' B&#HH I=12*;J $;8F K?0/;23 ';1<28;J L<1D8;9123 *C *./ &3:192J M/<8 %189 N127*:7*2*F;/:73J M( 08;*<18 0!OI% 0&L%IJ )*@ M/;9P1 /<= 0;199 $1E@8;2 98221


PAGE 3

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

PAGE 4

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

5 37P.397G .> -=1 93=P 9. 9-7 !.39%.4>93: $7;=.> /779=>;N'=57 0<1. 9.9 O.3G 9. 9-7 /779=>; 0L.49 -=1 93=P 9. 24>9731 %0R7N "O. Q49437 93=P1 !"! #$$%&$'!() ?E

PAGE 5

!" # $ %! & '()*+,-./ ', 0-/.,1 ). .) /.'(/*./ 123456" 7!89: $9 15;34 <=>?@ 5 0A6B69C ,DE CA;65F "6B6" ;63!;G6; !9 "!59 H;!F A46 I92A6G 0A5A6C J6!"!K235" 08;B6L A4;!8K4 A46 5CC2CA5936 !H A46 $!M5 J6!"!K235" 08;B6L M5C 29CA5""6G 5A '!"GM5A6; '5B6N -42C ;63!;G6; 3!9A529C 5 O69 M4234 2C 5AA5346G A! 5 H"!5A PL 5 C6;26C !H K65;C 59G 5 35P"6N -42C H"!5A@ M4234 ;2G6C !9 A46 35B6 CA;65F@ 2C 3!89A6;P5"5936G PL 5 M62K4AN -48C@ A46 H"!5A F!B6C 8O 59G G!M9 5C A46 CA;65F "6B6" ;2C6C 59G H5""C@ F!B29K A46 O69@ M4234 ;63!;GC A46 M5A6; "6B6" !9 5 F!B29K C466A !H O5O6;N -46 O69 2C C6A A! F!B6 & 29346C H!; 6B6;L H!!A !H CA;65F "6B6" 3459K6N -46 O5O6; 2C F!B6G 5A 5 ;5A6 !H N& H!!A O6; G5L PL 5 M62K4A G;2B69 3"!3:N -42C 29CA;8F69A 3!9A529C 5 L65;C C8OO"L !H O5O6;N -42C ;63!;G6; 2C F!89A6G !B6; A46 G!M9 4!"6 35F6;5 4!"6 "!35A6G 5P!8A D? H66A 65CA !H A46 69A;5936 C45HAN -46 3"!3: G;2B6 M62K4A@ 59G A46 35P"6 A! A46 H"!5A 59G 2AQC 3!89A6;P5"59329K M62K4A 5;6 ;89 G!M9 A42C 4!"6N $9 A46 35B6@ G2;63A"L P6"!M A46 4!"6@ 5 R H!!A "69KA4 !H K5"B592S6G CA66" A8P29K C6;B6C 5C 5 CA2""29K M6"" A! 3!9A529 A46 H"!5A 59G :66O 2A H;!F P629K M5C46G G!M9CA;65FN -42C A8P6@ M4234 2C 46"G 29 O"536 PL 36F69A P"!3:C 2C O6;H!;5A6G A! O6;F2A 65CL M5A6; H"!M 29 59G !8A@ 59G 5 "69KA4 !H K5;G69 4!C6 ;89C H;!F 2AQC P5C6 5A A46 G66O6CA O5;A !H A46 CA;65F 29 A46 2FF6G25A6 B23292ALT A42C 69C8;6C A45A A46 M5A6; 29 A46 CA2""29K M6"" M2"" P6 5A A46 C5F6 "6B6" 5C A46 CA;65FN $9 !;G6; A! 29CA5"" A42C A8P29K@ 2A M5C 9636CC5;L A! 6U35B5A6 A46 F8GP59:@ 59G C!F6 !H A46 89G6;"L29K P6G;!3:N +469 A46 ;63!;G6; 59G CA2""29K M6"" 5;6 ;6F!B6G@ A46 F8GP59: M2"" P6 ;6K;5G6G A! ;6CA!;6 2A A! 2AQC !;2K295" 5OO65;5936N 1,VI(W.-, ', .0 -/$X 15;34 <@ <=>? J5;L .9K4@ JM6996 .9K4@ 7!P Y5;C:2@ 123456" 7!89: 123456" 7!89: ,A 5P!8A >Z
PAGE 6

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

PAGE 7

!" # $ %! & '()*%+,(., /0$1 23456 78 97:; 2<563=" >!?@A ,B 3C!?B DEF; ,G2G8 H= I=B 3B IJ K"35= <@ %!4B6 L=4U 3@M IJP="S8 H= C=U3@ P?4O=J<@U8 ?P<@U 3 C4?@B!@ 5!IK3PP 3@M @J"!@ B3K=G /6= K?4K!P= !S B6

!C ^34PA<8 )3@ +93U=48 ^43M Y"P!@8 >=44J ]56?I3@8 '4=U ]6=4S8 )!@ +<"=@8 2<563=" >!?@A ,SB=4 K<5A<@U ?K 3 PB4=3I "=O=" 4=5!4M=4 3@M =_?!C 3B IJ I!C<"= 6!I= <@ %!4B6 L
PAGE 8

!"#$%&' ()*+,-. /0,1+ 21 /++3415 6+7 81239 /:5 ;-*+1:<1 /++34157 =0,1+ 21 )/5 >:-*/515 /-,)1 1?>3@A1:,B C*D /:5 1:,1+15 ,)1 5D/:G /:5 D15+*, HI 0,7 1/9, *0 ,)1 9)/0,7 ")1 @>+@*91 *0 ,)39 1F--. *: ,)1 9,+1/A -141+1<*+51+ D. / 9,11:,1+D/-/:<15 D. / 213E), *: ,)1 *,)1+ 1:5 *0 ,)1 ,/@17 ")>9B /:. <)/:E1 3: ,)1 9,+1/A -14139 ,+/:9A3,,15 ,* ,)1 @>--.B 2)3<) A*419 / @1: 3: ,)1 +1<*+51+ 2)3<) +1<*+59 ,)1 2/,1+ -141*: / <)/+,7 ")1 <)/+, 39 A*415 D. / 213E), 5+341: <-*-5 D1 @1+0*+/,15 3: *+51+ ,* 0/<3-3,/,1 2/,1+ A*41A1:, 3: /:5 *>,B /:5 /:<)*+15 3: @-/<1 D. <*:<+1,1 D-*: / ,>D1 0+*A ,)1 D/91 *0 ,)1 @3@1 ,* 511@ 2/,1+ 3: *+51+ ,* @+*4351 / <*::1<,3*: 5>+3:E ,3A19 *0 41+.M-*2 2/,1+7 K)3-1 C*D /:5 21+1 (*<31,. A1AD1+9 /++34157 61<*+/)B /++34157 3: ,)1 + 0**, -1:E,) *0 JH 3:<) E/-4/:3N15 ,>D3:EB / -1:E,) *0 )*91 /:5 9*A1 *,)1+ 1?>3@A1:,B /0,1+ 2)3<) 21 +1,>+:15 ,* ,)1 9)157 K)3-1 O1,1 /:5 C+/5 2*+G15 *: D>3-53:E / 9)1-0 *41+ ,)1 )*-1 0*+ ,)1 +1<*+51+B P+1EB 6/41 /:5 <*:,3:>15 ,* 53E 3: ,)1 D15+*93:E / M<&00JQ+5/A *0 <1A1:, D-*1 ,* 9:*2A1-,B *>, *0 ,)1 1F9 @1*@-1 *: ,)1 ,2* <+129B 2)3<) 21:, , @31<19 *0 +*D3:E 91, >@B /:5 D+/<15 D. <1A1:, D-*+15 ,)1 9,+1/A 0-*2B 23,) / @3E:1. 0-*2 A1,1+ /:5 2/53:E +*5B 21 1F3,15 ,)1 @@1+7 K)1: 21 +1,>+:15 ,* ,)1 9)15B 21 0*>:5 ,)/, ,)1 2/,1+ -1412/9 0/--3:E7 ")1 :1F, A*+:3:EB 21 0*>:5 ,)/, /:*,)1+ 9,+1/A <+19, )/5 +1/<)15 ,)1 9)/0,B ,)39 *:1 A*+1 E+/5>//:5 @1/G3:E /, /D*>, ,)1 9/A1 -141/9 ,)1 03+9,7 K1 21+1 :*, 9>+1 30 ,)39 2/9 5>1 ,* +/3:0/-*+ / 51-/.15 9:*2A1-, <+19,7 =, /D*>, TUVI =7'7B 1:,1+15 ,)1 +15 ,)1 2/,1+ ,1A@1+/,>+1 /, VW ;7 =0,1+ D+1/G0/9, 3: X/+A*:.B 9*A1 '3::19*,/ , HY )*>+9 3: ,)1 9, >@9,+1/A 0+*A 2)1+1 O1,1S9 O3@1 Z*3:9 ,)1 A/3: @/99/E17 K)3-1 ,)1. 21+1 3: ,)1 : +393:E 1/+-31+ ,)/, A*+:3:EB <*:,3:>15 ,* +391B +1/<)3:E / @*3:, /D*>, [ 3:<)19 D1-*2 ,)1 @-/,0*+A D. ,)1 ,3A1 ,)1. +1,>+:157 JW

PAGE 9

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

PAGE 10

!"#$%&' ()*+ %,-.. /01 2340 1,)54 2) 234 67/27/018. 3)9.4 /01 2340 2) 234 %)71[ ;/24, ?=24, .9@@4,+ ;4 4024,41 234 '> E901/M> ?=24, C422-0C .)A4 .744@+ ()* /01 ;402 2) N/,A)0M =), *,4/B=/.2+ %,-..+ ;3) ;/. 0)2 =447-0C ;477+ .2/M41 /2 234 .341 /01 C)2 .)A4 4O2,/ .744@> P340 ;4 ,429,041+ ()* /01 2))B / .2,4/A =7); A4/.9,4A402+ /01 /=24, / Q9- ()*+ %,-..+ ;3) ;/. 0)2 =447-0C *4224,+ /01 2340 <7).41 9@ 234 .3/=2+ .341+ /01 <)A@)901> ?=24, .@4/B-0C 2) 234 67/27/01.+ ;4 ,429,041 2) !),23 S-*4,2M> P&$T#!E %?U# '/,<3 JV+ FWXL R,4C '<%/,2M /01 T4* (4,C T4* (4,C ?=24, 7)/1-0C 9@ 234 A/09,4A)*-74+ R,4C /01 C)2 )== 2) / 7/24 .2/,2 =), '/Q9)B42/> &0 234 ;/M+ ;4 .2)@@41 )== /2 '/Q9)B42/ %/54. 2) <34 "34 P4 <)02-0941 )0 1);0 234 ,/5-04 2) .44 <4 %/54 .-0<4 3/1 0454, .440 -2 *4=),4> &04 )= M)9, */.-<+ =),C42/*74 );/ P4 <)02-0941 )0 2) '/Q9)B42/ 2) 7))B =), / =)/A C,)901 @/1 =), / .744@-0C */C> D?=24, .4/,<3-0C /77)54, 234 @7/<4 =), .9<3 /0 /0-A/7+ ;4 .2,9I !4O2+ ;4 <)02-0941 )0 2) Z9)[A)[ B42/ ?02-Q94. 2) @-0[@)-02 / 74/1 ;3-<3 T/54 E<3;401-0C4, /01 '-B4 ()90B 3/1 @- "34 14/74, ;/. / ,47/2-547M 7)0C[;-0141 -01-5-19/7 .) 34 /01 R,4C C)2 /7)0C 4O2,4A47M ;477> R,4C .3);41 234 A/0 A/@. )= 234 '/0<34.24, /,4/ ;3-<3 ;/. ;34,4 23-. 74/1 ;/. 7) \',> Z9)[A)[B42/\ .3);41 9. ;34,4 34 23)9C32 34 ,4A4A*4,41 23-. \=/02/.2-< N4 /7.) -01-[ N);454,+ ;4 ;4,4 A),4 ), 74.. 2/B-0C 454,M23-0C ;-23 / C,/-0 )= ./72 /. -2 3/1 )*5-)9.7M *440 A/0M M4/,. .-0<4 34 3/1 4024,41 /0M 6,)A 34,4+ ;4 @,)<44141 )0 2) P),140. %/54 04/, (/71;-0> (4=),4 4024,-0C 234 "34M 1-1082> P4 <)02-0941 )02) 234 ]9.2 / .3),2 ;/M. -0 =,)A 234 402,/0<4+ ;4 7) "34M 3/1 /@@/,[ 4027M ;/014,41 -02) 234 ?=24, <34 P4 @7/0041 2) 2/B4 P4 A/14 .3),2 ;),B )= 234 402-,4 $429,0-0C 2) 234 402,/0<4+ ;4 @- JL

PAGE 11

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

PAGE 12

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

PAGE 13

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b'00)53 -.+ /"!'-1 !( ;'<"+7 8!4+*+(1 9)5;+ $ 4'9 -.+(+ <6 069+"/1 $ 4'9 25'<"+ -! +5-+( -.+ ;'*+ -! ;.+;: )-7 $ -.+5 (+-2(5+, -! -.+ B"'-"'5,?9 .!29+1 4.+(+ '/-+( ,+");)!29 <(+':a /'9-1 $ +W>"')5+, -.+ ,'-' -! -.+07 $ -.+5 9-'(-+, 9!2-. -!4'(,9 .!0+7 E+59)!5 <+'()53 !5 06 ,()*+9.'/4+5!2-1 (+92"-)53 )5 '+!>"+ !2-! /)W )!5 -.+ 9.!2",+( !/ -.+ (!',7 B)5'""61 '/-+( *)9)-! Z!4+"" S2(:.+',1 $ '(()*+, '%!(-. Z)<+(-6 ''
PAGE 14

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

PAGE 15

!" # $ %! & '()*%+ ,-$. ,* %/01*)/ ( /234" &56 789: +;<= '>?@=AB4AC=3 1!@="" DE3F?=;B6 +=G D=3C6 H3=C I>);3JK6 +;<= '>?@=AB4AC=3 1!@="" DE3F?=;B6 +=G D=3C6 ;AB H3=C I>);3JK B3!<= J! J?= L4AF?!"= 4A 1!@=""ML D=;LJN ,?=K G3!EC?J ;"!AC ,!O P3ELF;ML J342!B ;AB L=J E2 Q!3 B4CC4AC ;AB >!OO=A>=B @!3FN $ ;334<=B ;G!EJ RS::N $ J?=A LJ;3J=B ?="24AC H3=C B4C6 +=G J!!F ?4L 2";>= @?=A H3=C J43=B !EJN T= UE4J ;G!EJ 9S:: @4J? A! 3=LE"JL !J?=3 J?;A ; "!J !Q >;<= Q4"" O!<=BN ,?= >;<= B!=L A!J "!!F 23!O4L4AC J! B4C ;AK QE3J?=36 ;"J?!EC? L!O= QEJE3= ;JJ=O2J O;K G= J34=BN V%$ (-'$,0 -()-(/,$*% +(./-,I(%, ,-$. /234" &W6 789: H3=C I>);3JK *A>= ;C;4A 4J @;L J4O= J! "=;B ; J342 Q!3 J?= -=>N +=2JN $ C;<= J?=O ; L"4B= L?!@ ;AB "=>JE3= !A ,?E3LB;K A4C?J6 ;AB J?= J342 @;L !A 'EAB;KN /3!EAB ="=<=A LJEB=AJL ;AB !A= 4ALJ3E>J!3 Q3!O J?= 2?KLN =BN B=2JN O=J O= !A J?= =BC= !Q /A;O!L;6 J?=A @= ?=;B=B Q!3 I;UE!F=J; >;<=LN /L ELE;"6 4A L24J= !Q OK 4ALJ3E>J4!AL J?;J J?=K OELJ ?;<= ; Q";L?"4C?J6 J?3== 2=!2"= L?!@=B E2 @4J?!EJ ; "4C?J L!E3>=N /AB ; >!E2"= !J?=3L 4CA!3=B OK >!OO=AJL ;G!EJ C=JJ4AC A=@ G;JJ=34=LN $ ?;B ; >!E2"= Q";L?"4C?JL ;"!AC6 J?!EC?6 ;AB ;A =XJ3; "4C?J @;L Q!EAB Q!3 J?= J?43B 2=3L!AN /QJ=3 =X2";4A4AC ;G!EJ J?= >;<=L 4A J?= 2;3F ;AB ?!@ J?=K C!J J?=3=6 ;AB 3=O4AB4AC J?=O !Q ;"" J?= >!AL=3<;J4!A ;AB L;Q=JK 3E"=L J?=K @=3= J! F==2 4A O4AB6 @= =AJ=3=B J?= E2LJ3=;O =AJ3;A>= J! +;A>=?;7" >;<=N ,?= "4C?JL @=3=AMJ N!A K=J6 L! 4J ;""!@=B J?=O ; >?;A>= J! C=J EL=B J! EL4AC J?=43 Q";L?"4C?JLN /G!EJ ;"" !Q J?= G;JL Y ?;<= "=QJ J?= >;<= A!@N $ L=AJ ; Q=@ ;B<=AJE3!EL L!E"L J?3!EC? J?= D;J 2;LL;C=6 J?=A 3;A =<=3K!A= J?3!EC? J?= 2;LL;C=L ;3!EAB J?= D;">!AKN ,?= 'J==7C;J= 2;LL;C= @;L A=XJ6 ;AB ?=3= @= 3;A 4AJ! L!O= QEAAK 23!G"=OLN $ "=B =<=3K!A= !A J?= "!!2 B!@A J?= B!O=6 GEJ J?3== 2=!2"= @=3= ";CC4AC G=?4AB ;AB O=J O= @?=A $ >;O= B!@AN ,?=K @=3= J?= C3;B LJEB=AJ @?! ;33;AC=B J?= J3426 J?= Q!!JG;"" 2";K=3 @?! @;L ;"!AC ;L 2;3J !Q ?4L >!E3L= @!3F6 ;AB J?= 4ALJ3E>J!3N $ C;<= J?=O J?= B43=>J4!AL !A ?!@ J! C=J J! J?= J!2 !Q J?= B!O=6 GEJ J?=K @=AJ B!@A J! J?= "=QJ 4ALJ=;B !Q E2 J! J?= 34C?JN ,?= 4ALJ3E>J!3 C!J LJE>F J3K4AC J! Q!3>= ?4L @;K J?3!EC? ;AB ?;B J! G= 2E""=B !EJN ,?= C3;B LJEB=AJ O;A;C=B J! LUE==Z= J?3!EC? ;AB JE3A ;3!EAB6 ;AB A!@ @;AJ=B G;>F !EJN ,?=K >;""=B Q!3 O= J! >!O= E2 ;AB LJ3;4C?J=A J?=O !EJ6 L! $ B4B ;AB J?=A "=B J?= @;K J! J?= B!O=N ,?= Q!!JG;"" 2";K=3 B=>4B=B J! C! G;>F J?= @;K ?= >;O=N T?=A J?= 4ALJ3E>J!3 >;O= B!@A J?= B!O= @= >!E"BAMJ C=J ?4O J?3!EC? J?= L"!J ;J J?= G!JJ!ON T= J34=B ; >!E2"= B4QQ=3=AJ @;KL6 J?=A ?= @;AJ=B J! J3K 4J E2 ?4C?N $ @;L LE3= @= >!E"B C=J ?4O !EJ J?= L"!J6 GEJ "=J ?4O J3K J?= E22=3 3!EJ= !A>=N P=ML ; LJEGG!3A O;A 4A ?4L Q4QJ4=L6 @4J? ; <=3K G4C >?=LJN $ Q4A;""K ?;B ?4O J;F= !QQ ?4L L=>!AB @!!F L?43J6 ;AB @4J?!EJ J?;J GEA>?4AC E2 $ 2E""=B ?4O !A J?3!EC? J?= L"!JN P= L;4B ?= @!E"BAMJ @;AJ J! B! J?4L @4J?!EJ L!O=!A= ;"!AC @?! FA=@ @?;J J?=K @=3= B!4AC6 L! $ CE=LL $ ?;B ?4O Q!!"=BN /QJ=3 C;J?=34AC =<=3K!A= E2 ;C;4A ;J J?= >=AJ=3 =AJ3;A>= @= =X4J=B GK J?= B!@ALJ3=;O =AJ3;A>=N -;4AK +;K >;<= @;L A=XJ6 J?=A @= @=AJ G;>F E2 J!2 Q!3 !E3 "EA>?N /L L!!A ;L $ C!J E2 J! J?= <;A $ 3=O=OG=3=B J?;J $ ?;B "=QJ &[

PAGE 16

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

PAGE 17

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


Description
Intercomis a publication of the Iowa Grotto of the
National Speleological Society, Inc., an internal organization
of the National Speleological Society (NSS). The Iowa Grotto,
is dedicated to the exploration, study, and conservation of
caves.


printinsert_linkshareget_appmore_horiz

Download Options

close
Choose Size
Choose file type
Cite this item close

APA

Cras ut cursus ante, a fringilla nunc. Mauris lorem nunc, cursus sit amet enim ac, vehicula vestibulum mi. Mauris viverra nisl vel enim faucibus porta. Praesent sit amet ornare diam, non finibus nulla.

MLA

Cras efficitur magna et sapien varius, luctus ullamcorper dolor convallis. Orci varius natoque penatibus et magnis dis parturient montes, nascetur ridiculus mus. Fusce sit amet justo ut erat laoreet congue sed a ante.

CHICAGO

Phasellus ornare in augue eu imperdiet. Donec malesuada sapien ante, at vehicula orci tempor molestie. Proin vitae urna elit. Pellentesque vitae nisi et diam euismod malesuada aliquet non erat.

WIKIPEDIA

Nunc fringilla dolor ut dictum placerat. Proin ac neque rutrum, consectetur ligula id, laoreet ligula. Nulla lorem massa, consectetur vitae consequat in, lobortis at dolor. Nunc sed leo odio.