Citation
Intercom

Material Information

Title:
Intercom
Series Title:
Intercom
Creator:
National Speleological Society (Iowa Grotto)
Publisher:
National Speleological Society (Iowa Grotto)
Publication Date:
Language:
English

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Regional Speleology ( local )
Genre:
Newsletter
serial ( sobekcm )
Location:
United States

Notes

General Note:
Intercomis a publication of the Iowa Grotto of the National Speleological Society, Inc., an internal organization of the National Speleological Society (NSS). The Iowa Grotto, is dedicated to the exploration, study, and conservation of caves.
Restriction:
Open Access - Permission by Publisher
Original Location:
Windy City Grotto Collection, 1961-2013
Original Version:
Vol. 44, no. 4 (2008)
General Note:
See Extended description for more information.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
K26-01751 ( USFLDC DOI )
k26.1751 ( USFLDC Handle )
21261 ( karstportal - original NodeID )

USFLDC Membership

Aggregations:
Karst Information Portal

Postcard Information

Format:
Serial

Downloads

This item has the following downloads:


Full Text

PAGE 3

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`1'=>/R&)* +] ?>H*0: !(*H& +] 1'M@N* ?>H@N2 +] D&NI*C ?>H* A6 8@GN@G ?>H@N2 A6 &=> BC&33& 8@GN@G 5667 AO .>GW-&N >NI .&N*?&(N3/ ?>H*A5 !VV ?&NH*N3@&N AT :'I "@)*C$*(N@&N AT ?1S #!X 1 $ !&H*)E*C BC&33& Q**3@N2 a!&H*)E*C OY3Lb 0 N&3* @3 @&N 3L* TCI =*I9 @N !&H*)E*C 3& >H&@I G&NU'@G3 =@3L 3L* "L>NW-2@H@N2 L&'@I>/9 8C&2C>) 3& E* >NN&(NG*I9 8'*>-* N&3* 3L>3 3L* X*G*)E*C BC&33& Q**3@N2 =@'' !:" E* L*'I a-** /&( >3 3L* C*2('>C .>N(>C/ 573L4 566Y )**3@N2b 9 .>N(>C/ BC&33& Q**3@N2 a.>N(>C/ 573Lb N&3* @3 @E>GW 3& 3L* N&C)>' +3L D*I9 -GL*I('*9 _*EC(>C/ BC&33& Q**3@N2 0 _*E9 5A3L a?>H*&U R>@3@b Q>CGL BC&33& Q**3@N2 0 Q>C9 5A3L a?>H*&U 8(*C3& $@G&b 1MC@' BC&33& Q**3@N2 0 1MC@' 5Y3L a-'@I* -L&= 3& E* >NN&(NG*Ib 566Y &=> BC&33& 8@GN@G 0 V=@-%>''*/ ?&(N3/ 8>CW4 X(E(c(*4 1 +A

PAGE 4

!"# $%!&&! ()&*+ ,-./0 1223 %45-.67 '4489:5 &;4 ,-./ <4489:5 => 8;4 =?6 $7=88= @456: ?98; 6 A74B4:8689=: @/ '6796 C474D 898.4E FC.6G40 (689=: 6:E H9B8=7/ 68 I4:4D-4.6JB $-6G;67= K6L4M &;4 @-B9:4BB <4489:5 ?6B G6..4E 8= =7E47 68 3NO2 @/ I9G4 K;697<6: *E P.6-B:47M +4L4: <4<@47B ?474 A74B4:8M (= <9:-84B ?474 6L69.6@.4 >7=< 8;4 ,-:4 <4489:5M &;4 8746B-747JB 74A=78 ?6B A7=L9E4E @/ *E 9: 8;4 6@B4:G4 => +4G74867/Q&746B-747 C;9. R6%-4M &;474 ?6B ST0U3UMU1 9: 8;4 $4:476. V-:E0 SWXOM3O 9: 8;4 K=.E?6847 V-:E 6:E SUTMXX 9: A488/ G6B;M *E 74A=784E =: 6 879A 8= P4<.9:5 K6L4 ?98; $67/ *:5;0 K;79B Y4GZ0 ,9< %=@478B0 ,=;: [=:6;-4 6:E *.9D6@48; '9..47M *E 6.B= E4BG79@4E \ 879A 8= #..6<6Z44 K=-:8/ ?98; $67/ *:5; 6:E '9Z4 R6G4 8= 86.Z ?98; .6:E=?:47B 6@=-8 8;497 G6L4 4:876:G4BM *.9D6@48; E4BG79@4E 879AB ?98; *E E-79:5 8;4 ,-./ W K%V 4]A4E989=: 8= '6<<=8; K6L4 9: P4:8-GZ/M )AG=<9:5 879AB E9BG-BB4E ?474 A=BB9@.4 L4789G6. 8769:9:5 9: 467./ !G8=@47 6:E 6 L4789G6. 879A 8= "=:E47 K6L4 ?;9G; ?6B A.6::4E >=7 8;4 57=88= A9G:9G 9: #-5-B8M !8;47 879AB ?474 @49:5 BG;4E-.4E >=7 8;4 57=88= A9G:9G 8;4 >97B8 ?44Z4:E 9: #-5-B8 68 K=.E?6847 K6L4M &;4 <4489:5 6E^=-7:4E 68 3NX2 C'M !"# $%!&&! ()&*+ #-5-B8 1_0 1223 %45-.67 '4489:5 &;4 745-.67 <4489:5 => 8;4 =?6 $7=88= ?6B G6..4E 8= =7E47 @/ K;697<6: '9Z4 R6G4 68 3NO2 AM847 '9Z4JB B.9E4 A74B4:8689=: >7=< ;9B '6/ 879A 8= 8;4 `-G686: 6746 => '4]9G=0 6:E C-478= %9G=M &;474 ?474 TT <4<@47B 9: 6884:E6:G4M '9:-84B >7=< 8;4 ,-./0 12230 <4489:5 ?474 :=8 6L69.6@.4M &746B-747JB 74A=78N $4:476. >-:E0 S1aW_MU1b K=.E?6847 V-:E0 SWXOM3Ob C488/ K6B;0 SWWMXab A9G:9G 74G49A8B 8=86.4E STTUOM22 &% C %*C!%&+N ,=;: P97Z 74A=784E =: ;9B 879A 8= '6<<=8; K6L40 P/M0 ?;474 ;4 6884:E4E 6 BA4.4=.=5/ G=-7B40 6:E ?=7Z4E =: G6L4 74B8=7689=: ?=7ZM H4 8;4: 74A=784E =: 6 879A 8= B=-8;47: :E96:6 ?98; W_ @=/ BG=-8B 6:E B4L476. 6746 G6L47BM !: 6:=8;47 879A 8= :E96:60 ;4 L9B984E K6L4 %9L47 I6..4/ 6:E '9EE.4 K6L4M *E P.6-B:47 8;4: 74A=784E =: 6 879A 8= R=B8 K6:/=: K=-:8/ C67Z ?98; $67/ *:5;0 '9Z4 R6G40 '6796 C474D 6:E *79G %6E67M #.B= =: 8;68 879A 8;4/ <48 ?98; 6 K.6/8=: K=M G6L4 =?:47 6:E E9E B=<4 .46E G;4GZ9:5M H4 8;4: 74A=784E =: 6 879A 8= P4<.9:5 K6L4 ?98; K;79B @4GZ0 6:E Y76:E9 c9::= !: 8;9B 879A0 K;79B G=:89:-4E 84B89:5 => 8;4 ?6847 B/B84< ;4 9:B86..4E >=7 >=7<689=: G.46:9:5M [-79:5 8;4 $7=88= C9G:9G 68 K=.E?6847 K6L40 ,=;: R=L66B .4E 6 57=-A => "9BG=:B9: G6L47B =: 6 B95;8B449:5 879AM H4 6.B= G=:89:-4E 8;4 ?=7Z ?98; 8;4 =:d5=9:5 74B467G; A7=^4G8BM [-79:5 8;4 B6<4 ?44Z4:E0 ,=;: RM 6:E R677/ "4.G; E9E B=<4 B-7L4/ ?=7Z 68 K=.E?6847 K6L4M &;4 B6<4 ?44Z4:E0 K;79B YM .4E 6 879A 8= "=:E47 K6L4M *E PM 6:E *.9D6@48; '9..47 .4E 6 879A 8= +Z-:Z K6L40 6:E 8;4: 6884:E4E 8;4 G=<<47G96. G6L4 879A 68 (965676 K6L40 '9::4B=86M C;9. R6%-4 8;4: 74A=784E =: ;9B 879A 8= G4 K6L40 K6L4 '6: 6:E K6L4 "=<6: K6L4B ?98; ,=;: [=:6;-40 +48; C48847B=: 6:E %9G; V4.84BM H4 8;4: 74A=784E 8;68 =: 8;497 ?6/ @6GZ 8= &9A8=:0 ;40 %9G; VM 6:E +48; CM 6.B= L9B984E +=?67EB K6L4 9: V6/4884 K=M [=-5 +G;<-4GZ47 8;4: 74A=784E =: ;9B 879A 8= '679=: K=M ?;474 ;4 L9B984E 6 G=6. <9:4M H4 G=:G.-E4E ;9B 74A=78 ?98; 6 .46E G;4GZ9:5 879A ;4 6:E $67/ *M <6E4 L96 B69.@=68 68 %4E %=GZ R6Z4M V)&)%* &% C+N &;474 ?9.. @4 <=74 B-7L4/ 879AB 8= '/B847/ K6L40 ':M 6:E 879AB 8= P4<.9:5 K6L4M K=:86G8 *E =7 '9Z4 >=7 E4869.BM [=-5 +G;<-4GZ47 ;6B A=B8A=:4E 8;4 !G8=@47 L4789G6. 8769:9:5 B4BB9=:M 8 ?9.. @4 74BG;4E-.4E 68 6 E684 8= @4 6::=-:G4EM +44 8;4 :847G=< 6:E (M+M+ (4?B >=7 6EE989=:6. 879AB 6:E 4L4:8BM !R[ Y)+ (*++N %4A-@.9B;4E @6GZ 9BB-4B => 8;4 :847G=< 674 B89.. 6L69.6@.4M &;4 =?6 K6L4 '6A Y==Z 9B 6L69.6@.4 >=7 S1XM220 6.=:5 ?98; I=.-<4B TdO 68 S1XM22 46G;M > 6.. >=-7 L=.-<4B 674 A-7G;6B4E 68 8;4 B6<4 89<40 8;4 B48 ?9.. @4 B=.E 68 S32M22M (*" Y)+ (*++N &;4 :847G=< E46E.9:4 9B +4A84<@47 T0 1223M '9Z4 RM 74A=784E 8;68 8;4 =?:47 => "=:E47 K6L4 <6E4 6 SX22M22 E=:689=: 8= 8;4 =?6 $7=88= >=7 8;4 ?=7Z E=:4 68 ;9B A7=A478/0 6:E 8;68 '67Z ,=:4B ;6B WU

PAGE 5

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`E#" 1-"%)#: T-"7 P $&% (%)E "#/% '!"=+)%* +. -/#7%* !0 [7%)F* #" /-"-"76 B" 0!) # 0%4 E%#)* -" $&% @SaAF* $&)!+7& %8#77%)#$-!" #" )+/!)9 $&%*% /!+"$#-"* .)!/-*% $! ;%'!/% #"!$&%) 1!$&%) K! %6 L.$-/-*/ ;)!+7&$ /%" $! 1-"%)#: T-"7 $! /-"% $&% )+/!)% .)%'-!+* *-:(%)6 H+$ #0$%) # %'# % !0 ':!+ % !.$-/-*/9 $&% &#) %"% /-"%)* 0-"#::E )%#:-Z% $&#$ $&% /!+"$#-" &# "!$&-"7 0!) $&%/ $! %8.:!-$6 H+$ $&%E #:*! &# -*'!(%)% *!/%$&-"7 /!)% %" +)-"79 %8,+-*-$% ;%#+$E #" $)#",+-:-$E6 [a

PAGE 6

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

PAGE 7

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

PAGE 8

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

PAGE 9

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`,4H:`= a\\b ,!'*0( #/ ,(+# R>%))#-"%#? ,!1) 6S a\\U `8(/? 4/#( RE(2?-!) ,!1) 6S a\\[ B! !/ B%'' R,'(6 !) ,!1) 6S a\\c G0%-d(''#6 ,!3 W(/? RF191I1# ,!S a\\O `8(/? 4/#( RE(2?-!) ,!1) 6S a\\N F1 !)J,!1) 6 W(/? RE(2?-!) ,!3S a\\a B( -#'' C/%*&# ,!3W(/? RM%)) ,!3S a\\A Y#)*('+%''# ,!3 W(/? R>%))#-"%#? ,!1) 6S a\\\ Z!1) (%) G;/%)&,!3 W(/? RF#'(0(/# ,!3S Aeee ,% 6 !. F191I1# R:!0( L/! c\ "S Aeeb Y#)*('+%''# ,!3 W(/? R>%))#-"%#? ,!1) 6S AeeU 7*#) d(''#6 ,!3 W(/? RE(2?-!) ,!1) 6S Aee[ F1 !)J,(+# ,!3 W(/? RZ(6# # ,!1) 6S Aeec _#''!0 X%+#/ G 3 Z!/#R4''(<(?## ,!1) 6S AeeO Z!1) (%) G;/%)&,!3 W(/? RF#'(0(/# ,!3S AeeN 7*#) d(''#6 ,!3 W(/? RE(2?-!) ,!1) 6S Aeea Y#)*('+%''# ,!3 W(/? R>%))#-"%#? ,!1) 6S AeeA G0%-d(''#6 ,!3 W(/? RF191I1# ,!1) 6S Aee\ Z!1) (%) G;/%)&,!3 W(/? RF#'(0(/# ,!3S Aebe F1 !)J,(+# ,!3 W(/? RZ(6# # ,!1) 6S cA

PAGE 10

!"#$%& !&' %&($ )%*&+, )!-($ .*/*$+ 01 2334 5!6, 7&/81 7' 9:!*$&(61 ;<#( =!"(1 ;!6(6(?1 !&' 76<# @!'(6 A, ;!6(6(? B& C!+*6'!, .*/*$+ 0+8 D( 8(!'(' +% "%*&+,QF!&!/(' D<:':8JNJ H6%O("+ %& +8%$( -(6, +%H<"$ <& +8( $!F( H:!"(J P( F(+ !+ +8( D<:':8JNJ H6%O("+$ F%-(' !:%&/J P<+8 +8%+% I, 7' 9:!*$&(6J \2

PAGE 11

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

PAGE 12

!"#$ "%& '#"( )"$ *+ ,-", ."/! "+( 0&1+( $*%+*0*."+, 2&213",*&+ &0 4",$ &0 1+5+&)+ $2!.*!$6 7-*$ *$ $&8!,-*+% ,-", )! )*33 4! )*+% &+ "+( 23"++*+%6 90 "+ &+! *$ *+,!#!$,!(: 23!"$! 3!, 1$ 5+&)6 9 )"$ %3"( ,-", )! !/!+ -"( $&8! 4",$6 ; 3!"$! #!<1*#!$ 8 ,!+"+,$ 3!"/! ,-! 4",$ "+( 4", -&1$! "3&+!6 =*!) 0#&8 !+,#"+.!6 >-&,& 4 ?")+ @ "+6 AB!! 2%6 CDE FC

PAGE 13

!"#$%&% '()# *(+,%-! '-.!/01 2-3( $%&' ()*+, $-./)%* ()*+ ! !" #$$ "! #% # !" 01-(*2*3 456574 82 93 :%&10'*;)<* =&>* ?-&'< @A*-)* &'3 B'3*-0 ?-)*8*-C 9-)< D&3*;&-)& E*-*F G&-2 9'CA &' ()*)+ ,''0>&%* H/**IJ I.I&% 01-(*2*3 %*'CIA K LM /**I HN!OL P*I*-0J ..


Description
Intercomis a publication of the Iowa Grotto of the
National Speleological Society, Inc., an internal organization
of the National Speleological Society (NSS). The Iowa Grotto,
is dedicated to the exploration, study, and conservation of
caves.