Citation
PAGES - Past Global Changes Magazine

Material Information

Title:
PAGES - Past Global Changes Magazine
Series Title:
PAGES
Alternate Title:
formerly PAGES news
Creator:
International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme
Publisher:
International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme
Publication Date:
Language:
English

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Education ( local )
Environment ( local )
Genre:
Newsletter
serial ( sobekcm )

Notes

General Note:
PAGES (Past Global Changes) supports research aimed at understanding the Earth's past environment in order to make predictions for the future. We encourage international and interdisciplinary collaborations and seek to promote the involvement of scientists from developing countries in the global paleo-community discourse. PAGES scope of interest includes the physical climate system, biogeochemical cycles, ecosystem processes, biodiversity, and human dimensions, on different time scales - Pleistocene, Holocene, last millennium and the recent past. Founded in 1991, PAGES is a core project of the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP) and is funded by the U.S. and Swiss National Science Foundations, and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). It is overseen by a Scientific Steering Committee (SSC) comprised of members chosen to be representative of the major techniques, disciplines and geographic regions that contribute to paleoscience.
Restriction:
Open Access
Original Version:
Vol. 17, no. 3 (2009)
General Note:
See Extended description for more information.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
K26-03232 ( USFLDC DOI )
k26.3232 ( USFLDC Handle )
17155 ( karstportal - original NodeID )

USFLDC Membership

Aggregations:
Karst Information Portal

Postcard Information

Format:
Serial

Downloads

This item has the following downloads:


Full Text

PAGE 1

rfffn r ffntb rf nrtbn rr rnrbrb rrt

PAGE 2

rfntb b trb fnn rfrnftfbrnb t t t t t t n t t nnt tn n t tt nt tt t t nt n n btttnn nt t n t n t t t t t ntt t f nn t f f t t tnt t t t tn t n t bn bt t t t nn ntt t t bt b t bt t t t n b tt t b t t nt tb tt bnt t t t n tt n t nt n tn tn ntn t rt tn ft t t f nt t t b t t b t tt t b nb b ntn t tt nt tt t t t t n t n b bt t t n t n t t nt f n t t rt nn t t t t t t t b b ttb nbttt b nt b b b n t t t t t n tb nt t tt t t rt n t n t n nt n f b tt n t ntnt n ntn t tn n t t t t t t n b ttb nnt t t t n t nt t t t b t t t t t bt r ntt t n t ntn n tn r f ntb tn n ntt t n t tt bn t rb nt n b ttbn tt r t t t nt b t t t nt t t t t n n t nt t btt t ntt tt bt b t b tnt t nt t t b t n t ttn nt tt b t nt t tnt tt t t tn t b tn b t t n t nt bnt t frrr n f f t t nt ntnt n t n tt t t nt n n n t ntb t ntb f tn t t t t t tn t ntb n t t b nt b t nt tb t ttb nt nnt t nt n nt t nn t t b t n ntbt t t n nt t t nt t t t t tn ntbt n b tt bntt ttntt t t tn n n bn t t t tn n tt t t t t t nnt b t tt t t tt n nt n t b tt tn t t t nb tt tt t tnt t t t t t tt t t n t b ttt tt t bt tt t nt t t tt n

PAGE 3

rfntb t t ttnnn t bb ttnt b b ttbn ttnn bb ttbn rbf r b n t t tt t bn t t t ntn tt t t t t nn n ntt t f f tff t ft frft nt t n t t t t t ntn t tt b n ntn n t t nt b n tt n t b bt t t t ntn tt t t t t t n t bn t t bn t t b n t t t ntn bt n tt t rt nn t t t t t n n t n n tn nt t bt t n t ttn t t nt t t nt tt nt t t n b t t t t t n ntt rfntbnfnr nb tnbfnfb ff ff rb b ttt

PAGE 4

rfntb frfffn r f n frrbbftnftfbrfbfffrtr ftffbnrnftfb nt t n t bn t n t t t nt n nt n t t tn n t t t t n t t n n t t t nn t btn btn nt tt tt t t t n ntnt t n b nt t n n n bn t nt tt nt nt t nt n t t tbnnt bt nt n bn nt n t t n n t nt t r r n t nn btt t t bbt n n t t n b n nt t n b t t n b b nt t bt nnt b t t nt t t t n t t nt n b t tttt n tntn n n n bt ntnt nt bt t tt n t nt t n n ttb t t t n t t n nn n t n nt t n n n t t t b t b t tt b n t n tt nt t t n t ntn bt t t n nt t t t nn t n nt t n tn t t t nt t t nt b t n t ttt ttt t btt nt t nn nt nt b tn btn t t t n t tt t tt f t b n t t n n n tn t nt b nbt t t n t nnt t t nt tt t nbtn n t b t b tn t t n tt n t t t nt t n tn ntn n tn ntbt t n t t n t bn t t bnn n n bn t t t nt t nt bnn t t nt b tb t t bnn t t ttt nt b t nbt t t t btn t t tn bt t tt n n t n nt tn t t nn ntntt n n t f nn n tn tt tnt nt t nn t t n nt n t tnt nt tt t nt nt t t t n t t t t b nb n n t nt t t n t t bt t tt nt t tt nt t nb tnt t ntn t n tnt t tt t tt t ntn nt nt tn t t ttt tt bnn t t t t n t tb t tn f r nt tbt ntnt t nt tn b t t t t tn n t nt t nn nt t t t nt nb n b t tt n b t tt t n ntnt t t ntnt tt r t t n t tt t n t ntnt t n nt n b b t t t tn t b nt t n nn n b n t tt n t n n t nn nn n bt t nnt t t t t t n t tn b nn n t n t t b t t t t nbtt n t ttnt tt t nt t nt t bntt t n

PAGE 5

f rfntb b ntbt tt t t t ntn t nt t bt t n t n n t ntbt n t t nt tt b t tn nb b n t t b tnn t nt bt t tn t tnt bntt nt t n t nn tb t t t tt nt n n ntn n nt b tb t nt tn nt nt t bt t tnn nn n t tn t n tt tn t t n t t t n btt t n tn tnnt n t t t tt n n nt ntnt tt t n tn n tt tn t n t ntnt tnt n t tt t tt t bt t n t t n n n tn t bt t ntt n b t n t n t t t t t t n t n ntt t tn nt b t t nt t t tt tt ntn tt ntbt t t r b t t t t nt t tt n nn bnt ntbt t b tt n t n t b t n b t n t t t t t n t t t nt ntt t n t t t t b n nr rfrn t rbr bnnf bfrbb nrfnbnn bnbn rf r nrfbt nnnnnn nn rf r r trnrr r bnnf bfrbb r rrr t b fntrbb ttfnbnfnr bnbbfnnnt ffn ffffn tb r n n bbn t tfrfbrfr fbrfrbbnftfbn rbffrrfbnftfbr n tbfrrfrnftfbfn f ttb bbtb bbb nn n n t t t tn tn t t t t n tnt t n n t t n tb t t n t t nt t n n t t nt t tnt t bn b t t t n n t t n tn t t t t t t b t t t t t b tt t n t t n n t t ttnt t tnt nt t n b n t n n b t t n nt n b n t t bt f t t f n tb t tn t n t n tnt t n t r n t t t t t t n t ntt n tt ntt t nt nt t n t t tnt nt t t t t nt nt n n n b nbt t nntt t t b nb t bn t bt t t nt t b t t t tt n n tt t nt bt tnt tn n ntn t nt tn f t t t t n n t tt tnt b t tnt

PAGE 6

rfntb b n n tt nt t n t nt t tnt tn n n t t t t nt n t n t tnt t t t t n b n t t ntnt t nnt t t t nbt t tt t t n tt ntt nt bt n nt t ttnt t n t t t n tn n n t t n n nntt t t t t f t ff nt n tn t t ntt t n b n n n t nntt n t t t t ntt t n tn nn n t t b n nt t t nt t t n n n n t t t t t t t t tn nt t ttn t ntttt nt f t n t t n n tt t n t tn nb t n t nt ntbt t t tt t t nb nbt t t t nt nn t t t t t t nt bt nt n t nt t t b t tn n b n n nt r n t t t t t t ttt n t nn nt tt t t t n nt nt t t t t n nt t t bt t t t t t bn nt t tn t n n t n b t t n t nt t t t nt t t t t n t t t b t t t n t t tt t t t t nnn t t nt nt t t nn nt t n n nt tn t t t nt b n t n t t tt b nt t t f ttn tt nn t tn tnt t t t tt n t t b t t tt t b n n tbt t n bt t ntt t t n b t t t nt nt ntt tt t n t t t rbt bbr tr nbtt rbnbtbnnnbrbr bbt brrbbb r b b r bnbnrrrtr tbbttrt

PAGE 7

rfntb b b t t t t t nt t t tn n n n t t b nt b t nbt tt t tf bt nt b n b t tt t t t nt n t t n nt ntn t ntn b b ntfb rbnrnt f nb bbtbbb nttbn ttbrt brtbn t nb n brrnbnbnt tnrbrt n nb n brrnrnttt ttbbrtn btbnttt tnrbnt n t nnt fb tt tt t t n t t b t t t n tt t tt t t t t n t btt tn fn n t t t ntt t t t nn t nt t tt nnt t n nt t tt t t tt t n ttt t tnbt nfr bbftfb nnn bfrr rr frrnfb tfnfr ntnfnf t fb r bn fnnr fntbfnf nfnfbn nnnnnnt rrf r rfrnf tfnnnbtnfn t rrfr rbbr tfnfnt fftnfnr bbf nrrfr r ttfnbnfnr bnbbfnnnt

PAGE 8

rfntb b ff ffff t b r b r t r r b n rffbfrrtfrrfrb fbbfrfrbrfrfff bbbb tbbb bbb t tt t nt t n n t t bn t t tb n t n t t ntn n nt tn f n n t t bt t t ntnt t t tt n t t t bt t t t t nt t t t n n n bn t nt t n t t n t bn t t tn t n ttt t tt t nt tnt bn t t n t nt t nt n nt t t t ntn n tn tn f t b t nb t t t t bt b n b bt b nn nn t t n tb b t tnt t tt nt n t b tt nn t t ttt nn t b n b n b tt nn t n n t t n nt nbt nn t t t n tt bt b rbbnrbrb nt f rnbr rbr rrrn n brr rrbnrr trbnbtt t nt t n t t t t t n t t t bn tt t nt t n n t t t t nt n t bn nt t tt t ntt n b n t nt t t t t n t nnt n nb nt t n t t tt t bt b t t t t t b t nt t bt t nnt t t t f t t tt t t t t t nt nbt t t t t bn n t nt t b t nn nn t b b tnt nt n t t nt t t nnn bt ntt ttt t b nn btt tnt nn n t n t b t tn t bt nt n ttt tnt b bt nt n nt n t f bn t t n

PAGE 9

rfntb b n t nt t nn t bbt n n t t t ntn t t t t t nt t t t n n n b nnt t n rt ttn t nn t t b tt n t t t t t t n n nn t n t n t n t t tbt n tn b bt t tt t n b t ntt n t t n tt bt t t t t t bt t t tt n tn nn t nn t n bt tn n b nt t n n t t t nn t nt bt b n n nn b t tt tn n t n nt n t ntt ntnt nt nnttn ntn nt t n b t t n n tt nt t t t t t t b n t t nttn t t t nn tt t n nn ntt bt tnt t t tt tt tnt t bnn n nt tt n n nnt t tn n t t nn n b tnt t t tt n ntnt t t t t nn nn t t t t n t nt tt t tn nt t n t n nt t t t nt n n fb n nt tt t t t n nt t nt t n t t t n btt t t n n tt b n t t n n t t nn nnt b tnt t nt n n n b f t t t n t t n nt b t t t ntt tt bt n bt t t t t t t t t t t b t t b t nnn t t t n t bt t n nt n n ntt t t ntbt t n t n t t t ttnttt t tt t n t n bt t t t t n n b nt n nbt t nn t t n t tn b t b n tt t t t n t t tt t n t t t t t tnnn tb t nb n nbt t bn rbrrnb bbnnrt f r rnr rb bbrb n b bnbrr bnrntn nbnbnbbt

PAGE 10

rfntb b n tfr tf rftrrt fbb n rbntnbnt nfb r r nfrff bfntftfntnn tffnfbn t rbfff r nfrft fntnbn nntfn t f r f ffrf ntff nnntn n rrfr r ffnrn nnf fnnt nff r ttfnbnfnr bnbbfnnnt rbn tfb tnb nnnr trbn bbbbnbr rrrfbb btr nbnnbnbbt n fnf f f r n tb r b t frrnnftfbf fbfbnftfbb brfrnftfb r ffrbnftfbf frfrbrfr nftfb fbnnftfb bb b bb t nt n t ntt n n tn nn n n tt n t t ntn n tn b t t tn nn t t t nt bt t t n t n t n tt t tn nt b b b t t t tt nt t t nt t t t f f bb t nt tt nt n b n t n t tnt t ntn t n t n t t t t ntnt b tnt t nn n t n n n tt ttt t t n nt tn t t rtnt t ttt t b nn t t b b t t t t t t nt t tt nt t t t tt t tt t ntn tn t t ttt tt b nn t t t t t tn n t t t n n btn b t nt t tt t nt tn n t tt bn n t tn tt t tt n bt nn t t nn b t t bb t nn b n n n t t t n t b tt t t nt t b

PAGE 11

rfntb b bt n t bt f n n nt n t t ttn bt t tt n n tt b t nnt tt n bt n t n tt t bn n tt bbn t n tt t t n t t n n nt nb t n btn nt nbt n t tt t n tt t tn tt n t b n t n n t n n n t t t t t tn t ntnt bbn nt t nt t t t nntt nn n t n n t nt n b t b t t n t bt ttt t nntt t nt b nt tn t t nt t t t n b n t n nt t nt tt t tt t nnt b b t t tt t tt n nb tt n nb tt t r bn n b nn t t t ntn t t t t t n t t tt t t t nt b b ttt nt n b n nt b b tt n t t t b nt t nn t t tt t t n nt t t bt b n b ttt t n t b t nt t n n t t t nt tnn t nbt n tn b rbnntb rrbrtnrr rrrrt rrnrtnrrt rbnrrr nrrrb f n fnr bbrtbbnb nrtnrrt

PAGE 12

rfntb b t t t b bn t t t r tt t nt tn t t n t t t t t tt t ttt n b tt t n tt nnn t nt t nt t t t t n nntt bn t t tt nt t ntn t n t t bn t f t t ttt t bn n t b t t n t t t t b t t b t f n b n bt t t t n t n t n f n t tt nntt n tt t t nt t bt n t b tn t t t nt ntn tn nn t nt t n n t n bnt n tt n t bnn nn t n t nt t t t nn tn t b t nn nt nt t t t nn n tt t nt t t t nt tnn t t ntn tt nt t tn nt t n t t nt t t tt n n t t t t tt nt n tnn frnbnbn tfffntnnnnbn fnnnn rrf r nnnrnttnbfnfb tbnfnbn nn rf r nnnnn rnttnbfnfbt btfff bffnn rf rn tnbrbbftf nbfnfbnnnfn nnfbntbb ff rf r nnnnr nttnbfnfbfnft nntffbbnn fn rf r ttfnbnfnr bnbbfnnnt ff r n r n bbbbnrnftfbff rffbnftfbfn frfrnftfbfb t t t bt n n t b t n b t ntn t tbt n n t nt ntn tn nt tn b n t t t rt b t n tbt n t t tt nt t t t t t t n t b t t tn t n nn tb t t tn t nt n nt ttntb tb t n t n t t t nt nt n t rbnbnbbn bfr fr nnb r rrrbn b bn t bbtb tbb

PAGE 13

rfntb b rb bbbn nnbn bnbnnnrntt bnnfrbnrrrnbn nbbtf nrtrtr nrnb btb btrnbtbrt t t n t tbt nt t n tb t t n nb t n nnt tt tb t tbt nn ntnt t t t n t t t ttt b t tb t nt t n tb t tn ttt nt n t t b t b bt t t tn n b tn t bt n b t b t tt nt n n n ntttt b tb t nt nt ttnbtt t n n b t n t n t t t nt t tn n tttnt nt t tn t t t n t b t t b t n n t ntn n ntnt tt t t tn tt t t t t n bt bt ntt n tbt bt t t t t t t b tt b n n nt t t nt t t n t t n n n b t t t tn nt t ntt nt t ntnt t tt n tbt n n n t t t tt t n n n b t t t tt n n tt t nt t t b t n t t t n b t nt n b t tn nt n b nt t tt t t t t bt t n t n tt t t tb t b t nt f r tn tbt t t tn nt t b tn tnn n tt nt t t tn nt t nt t t n t t t t t tn tbt nt nb t t f r n b t ntnt t n t b tt tt f n b b n n t tt t t nt f t b t b t n f t t t n tt t t tn ttt n nt t t t nt t nb tt n n t t nt tt f bt n t t t t b

PAGE 14

rfntb b fff f r t r n f r rbrfrnrnftfbf tbfbfrfbnftfbfn f frfrfbbfr ntbb bb t t n t t nt n t n tt n tn t ntnt ntt t t n n nbt n t bn n t t ttt t nt t bt tt ntnt bn n n t tt t b t n nt n bt n t b t t t t tt ntnt t bt ntnt t b bt b t n tt t t t b n nb n b n t b t ntnt n t tt ntnttt fbb n t nt t nb tt nt t nt n n tt b tt nt t t t t b n tn nt t t nnt t tt n n t nb t t t t n tt nt t t n nt t n t t n t b tbt b t tt t n nnt t tt nt n t t t nbt n b n t nt n t t b t n b t t t t t f t t t tn t tt ttn bnt tt t t t t t t n tt t t b f t t tn tbt n nn t t t tt nb ttn bnt n b n b tbt tt n bnt b n n f tn tbtntttt bt tn t tn n t t nt nt t t nt t b t tn tbt r n t n f r n b t n t t tn t tbt t nt b tn t b tb t n tn tbt t t t t n b n b n t b nt t t t nt t t nt bt t n t t tn t tn tbt t t tnt tt n n t t tt t nn nt t tnt t b t b t tn n t n t t tt nt t tb tn nt t ntt n nt t t t t b tn tbt t t t t tn t n bn n nt nt t t t t tbt t n n t tb tn nt tnt bt t t tb t tn tbt t tn t nt t t tn n t t b t t t t t btt nt t ttt t t b t n t t n t tt tt nt t tb t nt tn tbt n t nt b n t n b nt tt n t nbt tt ttt t ntnt b tb t tbt nt bt t nbt bttn rnnf nbtbn ffftnn r t f n fnrb ftbbntnnffbnnbr tnnbnnbff nffnntfnfn r f r nfnr ftn nbfbntb bffbfn n trbnnb ftffnf bftnf r t f r fnt rbbnnt tffbnnbnffnn rf r ttfnbnfnr bnbbfnnnt

PAGE 15

f rfntb b n t tt t tn t t bt b nt t t t t nbt n nt b nb t t t t t nbt n t n t tbt tt t t nt tt t t bt n t t b b nt nn tn t t tt t t n tnt t n rt t t tn n t n n t nt nt tn n t t t f t t t tbt t t t t n t b nt t b bt nt tn nt n t n t b bnt t nn t n tt t t t n tt t tn t nt n tn nt tt t nt t t t tt b t t n nb nt nt n btnt t t t n n t tn nt t n t t tn nt tt t b b nn t t t tt t bt n b tb t t t t tt t t t nt t t t t t t t bt n nn t tnt b t t tt nn t t ntt n t b nt t t t n t t tn t nnt t f t t t n nnt nt t b t t tt t t t t t n nt n t bn b ntbt t t bn n t t nt t tt tt t nt n t nnt t t t ntnt t t tt tt t n t b nt b t tt fb bb nnt t n tt t t nt t t b t bn t b t bnt t t bn t nb tnt bn tbt tbt t t t tt t nt t b bt tt t t t t t tt nt t n tt nt n b nn t n t b n t b tt nt t n t ntnt t ntnt t t n t ntnt n t b t tt t b t n r n t nt ntn tt tn t n t t b t n rb nbnrnnfn rtnrtt r nfbbb bnb trbb bbtrtbrbt bbrtbn tbn bnrbtrnrrn nrbbt

PAGE 16

rfntb b t t r n ffbrfbrfrffnrf frfnftfbff nbttbb f n n bt tt t b n t nt tn t nt t t n t t n ntn b t t t t tnt t t t n t t t b t t ntnt t nt n t t n t nnn tt n t bn t nn n t nt t tnt ntnt n t t b t t t tn n b t nt bn t t n nt tn nt t bt nt b t t t t tn rbrrbnnrt ftrnn tnnbtnrtt t t b t tbt bn t t t t nt tt tt b bn tbt t t t nt t b b tbttttt t n nn t t ntnt nt t tbt t b t t nb tt n tt t t nt nt tn n t b t tt n t t t nt bn tt fnr bnnfbf nnrntbn nnf rf r nnbn nfrfbn nnbbbtf bffnf f r fbnftnnn rnnff bnrtfnffn bn nrrfr r nnnnf nfrnntbn tfrnnbbft bfnnn r nfbn nrfnf bnnn r ttfnbnfnr bnbbfnnnt n t tt t n tn t t b n n b tn b n tt t tn t t t n rt t ttt t n ttn n t nnt b t t nnt b t t b t t nnnt tt n b t nt n ttt b t t n b t ntn tt t tt t tt nt r t t n r r t ntnt t nt r b nn t t t nn n t t n tt t t t t nt t t tt t t t t t t n nn n tt nt n n b t n t t

PAGE 17

rfntb b rbrnnrnn rbntt brrrrnt bnrbbbnrttbnr rbf ttt bnb rbf ttt bbbrr trtnbn b rbf tttnb nbtt tnbn tnbnn bttnnbt t tn t t t n n t r b nnt n t tt t n n n t tn t tt ntn t n bt t t tb t t nt t nt r t t n ttnt nb n ntn t t t t n tt ttnt t nt t nt t t nt r t t t nn t t t t t t t t b b r t b n t tt n nt tn t r n t t b n tn r n tt t t nn nt n tt t t nt t tnt t r tnt t nt n nt t n t t r b t t nt bt tn n b t t t t t t b r nt tt t tn tnb tnt t t t n tt n t t t t t n t b tbn nt t t t n t t n t t n t t t tt r t t tt n t n n t tntn t t n t n nt t bn ntn t t n bt t t t t ntn bt t t nt t n n t t nt t nt n n t t t tn t t n r nt n tttn bnt n t bt t n nn n t t t t t tt b t n nbnt t n rft t t tt t bt n n t t nt n t t t t nnn nn bt tt t t nt fr n t t

PAGE 18

rfntb b tt t n bn ttntbt t tt t tt n t b t n t n tt t t tn t r t b b t nbt t n tnt b n t tntn n nt t t t n tt b n b t r t t t n n t n t t t bn n b n n tn t t tnt t n tn bt n b t n t t bt n t t n t t t t r n t tn n nt n t tt t n t nntt n n t t t bn tntn t n t n tn t tt t bt t n t n tt t t t t b t t tt t b t n n r t tt t t t t tnttt t t b tt r n b t t t nn t nt n t t t n t tt n tn t b t bn n b n t t b t tt t n r t ntn t tt nt t t r t t b b r tn n b b n t nn t n t tt t nt n t nt t tn n n t n nn t n nt t nt t tn n tt t n t t t r t tb n n tnt nnn rnbfftff bbtnn frbf r bnf nrb nntnnfnfbb bbnff nrrf r r f nrtff ffffb nbr rrr ffnr ffnb rnntntnnf ntbbntfn bb nrrf r nf nrfntn fbbnnnb nrrf r ttfnbnfnr bnbbfnnnt fffn r n n r rfrtfrnftfbffr tfrfrfffbtf fbnftfb tbt b bb t t nn n n n t b t tn tt nt t n t nt t t nt n t t t nt nt nt t tnt n tt nn n b t tnt t t t f n t t t b t t b nt n t bt n t nntt tt ntnt t nt t t n t t n tt nt b bnt t t nt t t t t nbt n t n b t t t n n b t t t t t n t tt t b tnn nbt nnt t n t t t t b t t t f n tn t ntbt t t t tt t rt n n nntt t b b b t t tt t b nn tt b n nntt t nttt t t t t n t n t tn tbt tt t t b tnt ttt t t t t n n n t n b nt n nt bn t t n

PAGE 19

rfntb b n t t t t n rt n t t nt t t t t t tt n n n nn t nt t tt nn t t tn t t tt nt n t t t tt t t n nt n t tn t t b n t b t nn nt nntt t tt t t n tt tt tntb b b ntn t n nn t t b t nnt n tt bt t t t tt nt t n t tt t t t b tn n t tt t t bt t n t t t n tt t t t nn t t n t t ntt ntn t n tn n n t ntn n n b t n nn n t nt t bt t tt nntt nt n t t t n ntn t f t t t b n t t t t ttt t t n ntt t t b n t n t b t bn t nnt t t t nt b n t b n n nb b t nt tt tt tt nt b t t t rt n n n t t bn n t tb n t t n t t t ntn t t n n t b t tbt t n nn b t t n bt b n t n t t n n t ntt t t n n t t n t nt nntt t rbrnnt f rt f rtt rbnrbnbn n rtnrbn f rntt nt

PAGE 20

rfntb b t t tt t t t nt nt b t t t t b t t b t t t nb n t n nntt t n b n t tt f nt b nt b tt n nt n t t nt t t ntn t nt t nt n nt t btt tt n b t t nn bt t t t t t ft t t nt t t t n nt t t t t tt nt nt n t n t t t tn n nntt t t n b ttbt t t n t b t nbt bt t n b b t nt t t b t t n n n tn t tnt t t b ntbt t t b n t nt t bt t bn n n n bt t n tt t t tnt n frfrfb rff ntrffntfff fbnbft bb tffn f rbf r nrtft ffffntnbnn fn nr r nrnbtfff tnn r nnfnrfntf rnbnfttnfnn r r rrr t b ffn ttfnbnfnr bnbbfnnnt fff ff b tt rfrfbnftfbffrfr fbb bbb tbbt bbbbb b ttt t nt ntn t t t n b t t ntn n t nt nt n n t n t ntt t n t t t n t b nbt t ttt ntnt nt b t t t t t t ntnt nt b t t nt t t nt t tt ntt t btb t n t t n bnn t n b t t ttt nt b t nbtt n t t t tn b t nt tt t b t t n ttt nt ntnt bnn t nbtt n t t t t n t b t n t t t n t ntnt t t tttn n t n t t b ttt nt ntnt t t n t t nbtt t t t t t nn t t t n t t ntt t nb t n tn n n t t b b t n t t nb t t b t t b t t t n t tn t b ntn t nn t n tn tn t b t t t tt ttt t t nn t t n t nt ntt t t t nt b t t tt t t tb tt tt tt tt t ntt tt t t n t t t nt t t tb t n tt n nnt ntt t t tt t n f ttn n t t t t t b

PAGE 21

rfntb b tt t t bt t n t t ntt n tt t n t t bn tn bnt nn t n t t bt b n nttt n t nnt n n t t tt bt nt t t b t n tttbtn t bbtn n t t t n t n t t t t t t n t nbt t tt ntn tt nbt t t t t b t t nnt t ntt b t tn t b t t t t t t n t t t t b t t nt ntnt t t n nt nt bt t t n f t n t bt nt nttn n t t nn t t n t t t nt n nt t nbtt tn t tt t tn t ttn t t t t tt t n t t t t n t nbt nt nn t t t nbt t t t t ntnt tt t t t n t nt bt rbrnrbbtt fbnrr btbtrbt br rnbbnbb bbnnrrt rb nnrbb bbbrb nbbbtnb bbbt bb bbtr tbnr rtbbbtbtt

PAGE 22

rfntb b b b t nt t t tb t b n ttn nn t t nn btt t t b n t t tt tbt t b n b t t t t b t nt t t t t tt t nbt t bn t t tt bn nt bt nrnn t t n tt t tb t t t t b nt b t n t nbt tb t t t n b t nn t n tt t t t n t tb t n t t n t t t nt nttn tn t t tn ntn t b t t n t t ntt t t tnt t n t ntn ntn n t n ttb tb t n t nbt t t t t t nn ttn b b t tnn t t n n t t t t nt bt n t t b t n t t t n n t t t t b t tb t t t t b f t t t t t n b nt bt tt t n btbt t t t t t t n t bt tt tt n t t n nt tt t t tttn t n tn t nnt t t tt t tnt t t t bt t t t nnt tnn t t t t bt b t t t nt ntnt t tnt tbn b t nt b ntnt t nbtt t t t t t t tt t n t t t t nbt t tt t t t nt t t n t tn tt n t nn t t t t b t t t t tn t nbt t t t t b n tt tt nnt tt tn t t t t n bt t bt n t n b tnbttttn nn t t nbt t t n b t n bbtn ntnt b btnbt r t n tn bt t nt t bnn t n t t n t b t t t b nt t ttt nt t b nb tt tt t t n b nn t t n nt t ntn t t t b ttn t t tt ttt bbrfntfnnt fnr r fr rfbr r nt fnnnn rnbfb bfnfntnn nnbnnf bfrr r nbbr nnbfnf nnbntff f r nn rtnnr nnbntn rf n ttfnbnfnr bnbbfnnnt fff tbb bbfrbtffbbfrfrbrfrfff fffrrr bbt bbbt b b t n n n nt n nt t t t t n n t bt nt n nn t n ntt nt t t t bn t t n tb t f t n nn b n b t t bn n t

PAGE 23

rfntb b rbrnt nr rt n b t n t t nt t tn t nt t t b t t n t t t n t t n tt t n nnt b nt t n t t n t t tt t t nt t t n t t t b t t tt nt t t t n t n t b nt n n t n t t t t tt n nt tt t t n t nnt t n nt t t n n b t tt t ntt t n b t n nt t rtttn n tt n nt tn tn ntt t f nt t tt t bt t tn tt nt n bn t t t n t nt t t nt n t nttn t t t t t t n n n n n t nt b t t t nnt bn t b t t n t b t tt tt t t t btt tn t t n t n t t t tntn t t bt t t t t n t tn tn n b t t n t t ttt ntn t tt t t t t bntt t b n t b bn ttn bnt ntt t t t bb t nt n t nt t n t b n t t t bn nn t t tt t b b t t n n t n t tt t t nbt nt bt n tt t t t ntn ntnt t b t t t n b t t n t t t ntt tn t ntnt t tt t t n nt n tt tt t tn t t t t n b t t t t t tt t tbt t t tn n r tt nt b tbn t t n t t n t n t t t t t tt t t n t t t n t ttt bn t t t t tt t t tnt n n t t b tn nt tt b tt t n t t t b tb t t t t n t nt t bt n n b ntnt b nt nb t t t t t n n t t t t n n n n t t t t n n n nn ntt t t t

PAGE 24

rfntb b rbnbn rf t brf rtb fnr rb f tnbrbr btrbn rf tnnbbbr brbn f brr trbnnbnr ntrbnbbrt rfffnfnf tb r b n fbnffbnftfbfftrn frrfrnftfbtfrn fbbb bbbb b b n n t t n b t tt t tt tn n nt t t t b t tnt tn tb t t nt t ntt tn n t b nt tbn t b t t n t nn ntt t b n t t t n tn t n n tt nt nt t t t t n n n n nnt bt nt t tt tt t rt ttn t t n tn tnnt b n tt b tb b n tt t t t t n tb n n nn t ttt t t t n tn t b t n t tt t t tn t n t t n t t n t t t t n n t tb ntnt tt nntt t t t t n t nt t t n t ntnt nt t tnt t n t tb frf frfrf f frbrf rrb rfnfn ntbnnbnnn rrf r rnfntfnnnt nnnn rrfr r nr fffnnnr tnffbn fn rrf r rntftn ntnnn fn rbfr r r frftbfff nnn r r ttfnbnfnr bnbbfnnnt nt t n tn tt rt n t t n nt n n n nt tn n t n bn t t n tt t t n t ntn nt bt t t nt bt tt t nb tnntntt t t tt nt b b b b t ntnt t t n tt t t nt n t n nt b t tt nnt n tn n nt n t

PAGE 25

f rfntb b rbnr n nrb bb nb r nb trn b bttbr rrtrbntt tn n t ttt tt n nt b t tnt t t nt t nn n t b t t t t f t t t tn n n t t nbt tt tt nt t nn nt bn t t t nt n b tt t bn t nn b ntnt n nt t t tn tt t t b tnnt nt bt t ntn bt t t n bt tnt tn nt n t tt tn n t tn t n tt tn n nt t t nnttn tt tt ntt nt t n t tt tn t t t n n t t n t t nn tnt tt n t n n t t tt bnt t b n t t t n nt nt n bn t t b f n b t tt t nnt b t bn t b t tt f t tt tn n nnt n t t t tt n n tt t t n t n t t t n tt tn tt nnt t t tt ntt n t t bt b t tn t bn ntnt b t f tt t nt t f t t t n n t t tn n r t n t nt t t t ttn n t t t rt t t t bt t t nt n tt n t n t t t t nnt bt n t t nt t t n b n t t t bt b t n tt t tt t t t n bt n t t n rt n t bt n nn t t t t t nt t n t t t tt t tn n t t tt t bn t t t n n t b t tt nt t nb t t b t t nt ntnt n nt t b n t t t rt t t n n t t t t t t n t t t n n t t n tt t t t t t t b tt n t nt bn t tt t t t ttn n t tt ff f b t t n t t nt t n tn n b t t t ttn n nnt tn t t t tt n t t tn n t nt t n n t t t t n t ntt t b t t t t n t nt

PAGE 26

rfntb b rbn f bbnnnrrrt f b bbrrbbrnt brt bn bnbnnt b br bnbrbbnrbt n bn brrbnrbn bn brrfrnbbn brbrt rrnr rn bnrbrbrn rtrttbnbbfrt rrbttrbnrtnrtt t t nt t b t tt nt t tt r t nnt n bb b b t t t nt ntnt tbn b t t t ttn t n t t n n n nt t tn nt n t f b n t tt n n n t tn nt nt n t t btt tnt nt t t ntt n t b n t t t tn t n tt t tn tt tb t t nn n n nnt t n t n n t b bt t t t tn t t tt n t t n t ft tn nnt t r t n tn t t n t t n t n bt tt b n b t t t tt t n n n tn n btt nt t nt t tnt n tt t tnt bt n t tn nt t t n tt t t t t n nt t t n n nt t t nt n t t t nt tt tbn b ntt t t t t t nt t t t nt t b t f t t t t nt t t t t tn n n tbn tt t tt ntn t t r t t t t n n nt t t t t nt t n n n t tt t n t t bt tt n bt nt t nt ntbt t t t tn nt n n tnttnt nnfnnn rfbnntft nfnftn nb rrf r brfnnnffnn rbnn r nfnrnt nfftfb nbftnnbfn rf f r frntfn nn n rf r nnr nbfnbfntff nn r ttfnbnfnr bnbbfnnnt

PAGE 27

rfntb b ff r tb r n b r r b tt r r t n b rbrfrbrfrnftfbfrtfnbfrfffr fnftfbf rbrrfrfnftfb f ffnftfbftrr rftfrfrnftfb tf btbbb bb b t t ttn b t rt t t t t t t t t t tn t t nt t t t t ntt bt t t nt ntt nt ntt tt t t t nnt b t t t n n nt t t t t t tt t t t t nnn tt nt t n nt tt t n t t t t t nt bt nt n t t tt b t b t tt tt t btt n n ttn b b t nt t t b nnt b n n bt n b tnt ntt n t b t tt t t nt t t t n nn n t t n tb tn t nbt t tt t t t t t n n t t t t tt tt t t t t b tn tn nnt t b tn t ttnntnnt t t t n t t n t t t ntnt t n bt tt tnt n t t ntnt b nn t n nn bn ntn n t ntn n b nn t bnt rb f rnbrbt nrbrbrrbrn nbrbrrb bbnbrbtrrb bnbrbrbr t nbnbrb bftn ttbrbrb tbbrtbr brtbfnbr rbrbbfb nnbtt

PAGE 28

rfntb b t n n t t nt tt t n bt t nt btn t n nn bt t t nt n bt bt n t t t nn t n t n ntnt t t ntt t t t b nttn nt tt b f n tt nt t t nt t nt n nt t n t t t t t tntb nt tn n t t t nt nt b t nt n b t ntnt nt t n tt t t t tnt t t t nt t t nt n t nt tt tn tn tt t t b t t t t n t nt t n t tt t t t nt t t b n t t t t btt n bt n t n t tt t n t t t n t b n n t nn t n t tt n t nt ntn n t tn t t t n t n ntnt t tt t t t t nb t tt t t nt t t t t t t t t t tt tt nt bt b ntnt t n bt t b n t t t n t bt t n tn t t f t t ntn n t t t tt tnnt n n n n t nt nt t t n nt tn nt t nt nt tt b bn n tn tt t nt t t t bt nt t t t nt t n tt t tt n f t t t n t t b nbt t t t nntn n b nt n tt t n t t t nt t t t t ttbtn n b n n bt t t t n t nn tt t b t t bn nt nn b ttt ntt nn t t t n t tt tt t n tnt nt nt b t n t n tn tt b t ntnt nt n t tn tt bt n n t b n b t bt b t tt t n t b n t t t n nt tnt nn n t nt b t t n tt t tn nn b bt ntn btn tt n tt tt b ntt n t b t t bt ttt t t t nt t tbt tb tn nt ntnt n b tt t n t n nt b ntnt bt nt tt n t n t t b t nt t ntnt t n t t t t nt t ntn t t tn t t nt bt nb t t n tt t t rbbrrnb rb rr fnr b n brbtbbbbn ttbttbbn rrt

PAGE 29

rfntb b t btn t n t tt bt t tn t t tn n t n nt t n t n nnt t t n n n nt ntn t t nt b n t nt ntn t t t ttt t tt ntn tt t t n t t n nt n t t t t n ttt t nt t nt bt b t tt n t tt t tb t nt tn tb rfftftf fnb rffb bff bn ffnbf frnbnf nbfbff n rf r fffn nrfftf bfffnfn r f r frtbnfnn fnbfnfnnb nbfnfnfn r f nffr nbfftffnnbf nn r ffn rffbf tbfbnn rn rf rrrrr bnnf nbb ttfnbnfnr bnbbfnnnt fff f r n t frrbbfnftftrfbfffrtr fbfbnftfbbf fbnftfbbff fbbb n t b nnt t t tnt ntt nt n nt t n t t tt nt n t btt n ntn t b t bt t t tt nt t t nt tt nn nt f t t n nt nt b t tt tt ntn t rt nn t rt nn n n t t t t t btt t t f t f t t t t nn nt t t t tb t rb t n t b t t t nt t t tt t tt f t n t t t nt t t tt t nt n t n t n t t n nt t t n t n t t t t tnt t n t t ntn tntt tn ntbt n t nt b t n btn btn t n tb t n tn nt t n t nb ntt tn nn t tn tn b t t bt b t nt t t t n t t nt n t t nt n n t t t t n nt t n t tntn ntt t tnt nnt tn t t t tt t n nt n b t ttb ttnnt ntnttnt b ntnttn f t t r f t f n t t ttn nt tt n n n t t b t t nt nn t btt n n nt n t t t n t t nt t t n t t t b tt t b t n n t nt ntn nn n n nb t ntt f t n tt tn tn nt bt t ttn t tt t t t t tn n t b t t t n t nn tnn nn t t t nt t t nt n t nnt b n nb ntt t t tn ntbt t t t

PAGE 30

rfntb b n nt tb bt t n t t t nt tn nn t t t n t b t n t nt n n bn n ntt t t t t t t tt nn t nt tt t nn n t t t tn t t t t nn ntt t tn t t nttt t n t t nt t rt n ntn tt n t b n n n n t t nn t t n bn t t t n n b bn t t n n n ttn t nt nt t t t t n t t t t nt b t t t tn nn b bt t tt t t n nt t t bt tt nntt ttnn tntntt f t f nt nt tt b fr nn t t b btt t t t t t t t t nt b tt t t t tt t n t t n n t b tn tt t t t t t n t b t t t t b b t nt t t ntn nt n b t n t t nt t rt n n t t t nt n t t n ntbt b t n nn t t t nn n nt nt t t nt t n t b btt f t nt nt t t t t tt t t t f n n t t nt n t t t t n t nt t f n tt t tt t t t n t n tt ntn b nt nt t t t ntn nn n t ntn tt t tt t ntn nt t t t t n b n tt nt n t t t ntn t b nt t t t t t n tn nt nt t tt n tt b t b n t bt n n bn n bnnt t t nt t t tt t nt n t t nt t t tt tt t nt t t nt n tt t nn nn n n t tt n t t nt rb f rbbrr rnrbb n n nrnrrrt tt n t t nt n nt n n n n t nt t t t n t t t t t t t t n nt n nn t tt t t t t n bt n n t tt t nt t t t b t tt t tt n t t t t t t b t rt t tt tt t t t nt t bt ttt tt ttn ntntt ntt t n n t t t bt t t nt nt tt t nt n t t t b t nt n n b t n tb t tt t b nt nt t t t t n nt ntbt t btt t t t t ntn rfnnbfnt ffn n r nfrn nnbnnf fnnnn n r nrtf fn n r

PAGE 31

rfntb bntb rfffnn r n n rfrffnftfbf tfrnftfbn nt t t t n t btt tt tn nt t tt tt t n t t nt tt t t t tb t nn tt b t n t t t t t t tnt tt n t tt t t tt nt b t t t n b ntt t b n t tt t nnt t t n t nt n n t bt tn nt t n bn t n t t t t tt t nn nt t tt t tt n t t t bt b t nt bt n n t t n t t nt n nt t nt t n tt n t n tn t n t n t t t t t t n t nt t nt n nt t t nt t t n t b t tn bt t b t b t n b t t t t t n t nt t t t tt bt n t t tb t nt n t n t n n nt n t tnt n t n t ntt n t ntbt t t tt t n t ttb n t nt ttbnnt tnt nnt n t b tt t nn n t n t tb tt n t n n nnt ttb nt t t t n rt n b t n tt t n t n b t n bt t n t tt t nt t nnt n tt b n n nt t nt bt t n t n n nt n nt n n t nt nt t t t t tt t t n nt b bn b tt tt bt t bn tt t t t t bnnnt tnt n n t nn nt t t b nb tt nt n t t t n t t nt t n t nt t tb n t n t t n n b t tn tb n nt n t t t tt t bn t n nb t t nt b t nn nn n nt t t n tt ttb ttb t t n tnt b tt nt t n t t t n t t tt rt t t nt t ntnt t nt tt tn t n t bn t t t tb t tt tb b n n n t tn n n t ntn t ntt t t n n tt t t t tb t t t tt t b t tn b b t t nnt ntnt t t rbnbr nr nnt

PAGE 32

rfntb t nt t nt t t t tnt t t n tb bn t n n t t t n t tt t nn rfnntffnbft ftfbn br ff r rb frbbntb r f r bnrnnnnbf tffntfntnfnnn tnnn rbbnf r nnnnr ffbr nnntb r nnrbf tbffbnffnn fnnbftn rnf r ttfnbnfnr bnbbfnnnt bbb bbttbbt bbbbbb b b b bb fbbb bt bb b bb bnb fbbbb bbb btb bb bb ttfbbttt bbf bbtttbbb tfrfffn n b bntb

PAGE 33

rfntb bnt rbtt t r f n t frfnrfft frfrftfftrtfr tnt t b t t bt ntbt nt t t n tt t t n t t bt t t t tnt nt t tt nt t nt t t n t bt t n n t tbt t t t tnt t t n n n t t t t t t t t t tnt nt t t n tt tt n t nt n t tt t tn t t tt n nt n t t tt nt t ntnt nt b ntn t b t tnt b t n nt t n nnt t t t nn tn tb n n t n tt n n nt t t t n t tn t t tn t t tt nt tt t t tn bt n tntt b t t btb n tnt bt n ttntt b tb t t ntnt t nt tt t tn n t t tt t t t n t nt bt n nt t t t nt tt ntt n t t t t bt n ntnttt n ntt t n n nb n t t n nt nn t nn t n t n n t nt ntnt ttbnn n t rt ttbn ntt bt t nn t n tnt t n t n t n n t tn nt bt t ttn t nnt t tt t nt t tt t t ntt t bt t t nt nt t ntt tt t t nt t t tn n nt t b n n t n nt n t ntn nt bt nt n t nn n t nb t t tn nt t t tnt t t ntt n t tt tn t tt t ntn t tn bt t nt tn t nt bt nt tt t t n t n nnn t t btn t nt t nt n n b n t tt n t bt t n b n bn tnt bn tn t t tt t tn t b tt bn bt t n nt nt n ntbttn tt nt t bn b t n t n nt t b tt t t nt n t tnt b tt t t t ntt nn t t tnt tn nt t t n t ttn b t t tn nn t t ttn b nt n t nnn tt nt t n t bn nt tt t t t t t tt t t bt n t tt nn tt b n t nt nt n b t t b t nntt t tnb t t t ntt t tn t t nt ttnt t n t t nt tb t ttbnt t

PAGE 34

rfntb n r r n n nftfbfbtf ffrb ffffrfrfb bbf bt t t n btt t t nt t nb nn tn t n nt nt nt tt tn t t tt t tn n t t rt n nt tt b t bn tb t n tn t t t t t n n t t tt t t n t ntn tt t t tt nbt n t n tt b t n n t t nt ntn nt bt n t t n n t t tb bt t t t t n t t t nt t t n t n t t b t t t nt t n n t f nt t t t t t t ntn n n t t bb n t t n nt t ntt t tt bt t ntt f t bt t t t t t t t nt t nb t tb t n t t b n t b t t nn t t nn b t n t nnt b b t t t t t t t t t b tt tt n t bt bn b t t bt t n nbt n b t f n n f f n n t t t t bn t t ntnt n n t t t bn n t b t n bn bt t t t t nt n nt b n n nt t b nbt n ttt bt n n nt tt t ntn n t t t tnnt nt t b nbt t n n n f tt t t t rb f nbbnnn rnt rnn rrnbbr r n nn nt rb nbrnnttn brrrtt

PAGE 35

f rfntb t t t bnt tt t nt n n t t t t n t ttn t n t t t n n t nt t nt t t n bt t t n nt t tt t t t n n t t t ttt tt n t n t t t t t t t t t t n t t n n t n n t t t t t t t t t t n nt t ntt f t n n t nt t t t t t t t t t n n t t t t b t b b b nb t t n t t t n nt bt t t n tnntbtn n t n bn t t n t t n n t t n nt n n tt t bb bn tt t n t t t t t n nt n n n t t t t n f nt t t n t t t tt t t nt n n nt t b tn t t n t n ntn b bn n t nt t n nt t n n t n tt t t t b n n t t n n t tt nt n t nt t t n nt t t t n nt t t n n t t b t tb t t n t n tn t b t t n t t b tt t t t t t t t nt t t t nbtt t b n t t ntn t n n t t t n t n tt t b b t n t t n b t t t tn tt t tntbbttt fbr bff tffff bf f tb frrf rfrtf rn f rf fffrf rr t trfnntbt ff r frfnf ffnnn rrfr r nr ffnbnfn tnbttbf tnn r frnntnr n r nrbn ffnfntnrfbbf b nrrf r r ttfnbnfnr bnbbfnnnt rb f rrnrbb r n rrrnbb ttt

PAGE 36

rfntb ff trt r n nftfbf nftfbfff frbfrrfrfff f t t t t t nt nt n n t t ntb t r t t b b t t b t n ntn t n t rt tnt tt t n t ntt ntt nn t n t nt t tn n n ntn n t t n n t bntt n bt t t ntbt t b b t t n t nt t t tt n n t n t n t tn t b t t t t t ntn n tt b nt n t n tn n t tt n tt t n t t n t nt bt n tt t tn t btt nbt f tt t t btt t t nt ntn t t t t t t t b n nt t b t n n t bntt t t tt btt t t nnt bt nt n n nt nt t nt nt ntt tt tnttt rbrrr rtnnbrbb nt t t t tb t t r t t t n t n t n t t n t t t t t nt nt nt n nt nt n t bt t t t t tbntb t nt nt n nt t n t t t b t t t n t nt n n n b rfrfnftfbff t n t n nt bb t b t t t t t t f b t tt t nn b b t nbt t b r t t ntn t t ttt t n t tt n ttt bb t tt n t t t t n n n n b t tt t t t t t bnt t t tt n nt nnt t n t t n t tt

PAGE 37

rfntb tt t nbt t t t n t nt t bn t t b tt ntt t t nn tnt tn n t n n tnt tnt t t tt n n tnntb t n tnt t t n t t t n t n r n t t t t t t t t n t nt t t t bt bt n t n nb t n n t t t tt t tb t n nt t t tt n t t t t t nt t b nt n t t t t t t t t r b nn n tt t nt t t nt t t nn n t n t t t r b t nn tn t t t n t t t ntn tt t nt b nt n t n t tt bt t t nt nt n bt t rbn t tt n t t ntntt b n tt nt t b t t r t b bn t nt t n tt t n t t tt bt t b t ttt ntt t nt t tt n t b b t tt rt b t n t nbtt n t bt tbt t ttt b nnt b n t b nt t t t t b b t t t tnt t nn t t t n nt tt nt t t t t bt bt t t n t tt t t t b t t bn tnt t t t t rt bb fff f ttb r n t nftfrfrnftfbb ffrrn nt t tt t t t t t t t t n t t n n bn bt t nt t t t n n tnt t t t t t tt nt ntnt nt t bnt n tt t t bn tt n t t tt nt t tt t t n t t t b t t t t tb t t ntt nt t ntnt ntt t t tt t n t t bt t nbt t tnntntt tt tn t n t tn t t tttn t t t t tn t n t t t tt n nt nt t

PAGE 38

rfntb t bt tt t tn t n t tt t nt tt t nt t n nt b t tn b tt b n t t ntt t ntt t nt nt ttn n t n n t b tt tt t tt tbt t ntt tt n ntt bn t t nbt t t ttt t n b t nt tt t t t t t n t nnt t n t t t b nt t t tt t n n nnt t t n n n t n t n t n t n ntt t nt b ttnnt t t t t bt tt t n nn t tt n ntt t t n t nt tn bt t n tb nbt t t t t n t tt t n nnt t t n t t nt n t tt t nt tt t tntt r t t t t ntnt n tt t t t n nt t t t t tt t tt t t t tn t t b t t n ntt t n t n t b n t t t n nnt nt t b t nn n tnt t n t nnnt bt t t tn t t t n n ntt ttt ntnt t ntn tt t t t ntt t tt t t n tt t ntn t t t t n tn bt t t t n n bt nt bt t n tt n t tt t t ttt t nt tt rbrnr rnbbrtnnrn brbrbn bb nrbtbr rnrbnbrr rnbrbrbrn rrrbnt t tt b t t tttn t t t t tt f b tt ntt t t t t n t t nt t bt t t tt t t b t nn b nnnn rnbfbnfb nntnntftbn f r nfrf tfnntnn r nffrntf fbb rf rbf r frff nf r frnnfff f rfrbf r fnrnn bntffnf r r tfrfn b f

PAGE 39

rfntb rffffn t bfrbnftfbbfnrb fn nt t t tt t t t nt t t tt t b t t tt t t t tn btn ft t t nt t b tt n n nt bnt t t tt t nt bt bn t bnt t t t t t nt t t t n nt n t t tt t t t n r tt t t ntn nt t t n ttt t t tt t t ttn t t n n t bt b n t t n b r t rt nn t t t n nt t t t b t n t t t bt t t t t t t tt b f ntt nt rt t n n n t t nt tt nt t t nt t rn n b n tt ntt tt t t tn t nb n n t n t t n t nt t bt nntt nb n n t t t nt n t n bt n t tn t t tt t n t t n t t t nt n t n n t n nb n t n t nt nnntb t tttb nt n b nt b n b tb t n t tt tt t tt n tt ntb nt bt tn nb tnnt nt bt t t t n n nn tt t n tnt ttt t ntt n n t tt t nb tt t n t n t tn t nt n nt t nt nt ntt n n tt t b t n n t t t nb n t bn t nt n t t n n t nn t t t b nbnnn ttn tt t n t t t n b t tt nt b tnt n t t t n tt bt tb n b nn nt n n n tb tn t t ttnt tt nbt n t tt nnt t t n t b nn t b t t t t t t ntnt ntt n t b t t t t t t n t n ff f rb f nrt nrtnt

PAGE 40

rfntb ffn f tffftbrrb bfff r b n t b tbb bt t f fnftfbf rrffrf nftfb nftfbfftff t tt r t n nbt t bt tt tnt tt t nt bt t t t t nt t t tnt t tt t bt nt n t nn n ntn t t t t t bn n t nt t nt t t t n t nt tt b n t n tt b t tn t t nt tnt tn tt n t nt nt b t nt t t ntnt tn t t t t t nt f t nt t t n bn t nt nt n t n nn nn t n t t n n n b nt t t nt n n tt t n t nt t t n tn t n n b t t tt n nt t t t n tt bn nt bt tt t tn t t t nt t t t n n b t n bt tn t t nt tt t t tt t n t n t t t tt tnt n tnt t bt nn tn t t tt t t bn t n t t t bttn n b t t t n t t t t ntnt n t t t t tt nt t tt t tt t tnt t t n t t t nt ntnt t t t f nt ntnt t n tnttn nt t nt ntt t t t tnt t t t t n t n t t ntn nn tn t t f t t t n n t tt t t btt t t ntn n t nt n t tt b t tn t t tn n nt t nn nt t t t ntt t tn t bt t n n t ntnt tn t tnt t n tt tb nn n n t t t n t t tt t t tt t t t nt n t n t tn t t t tt r t n t nn t tnt nt t nt tn nt t nt tn t n tb rb ffrfrf fffr frnftfb fnt frbbnnf nn rf r rbn rbnrrb tbbb nntt

PAGE 41

rfntb nffn nt f t r b bt n tfrfrfbfrtfrnftfbfrb ftf ftfbfrrfrnftfbf t tt n t t nt n ntn n n t tt n n n nt n nt t n ttt t t t n ntbtn ntn t nt bt t tn ntt ntt t t t b t t t t n t tttbn n tnt t tn t t t t n t t t t nn t n t ntn n n n n t tt n bt t bn n nt t t t nt ntt t bttn n n t bt tbt t t bt ntnt t t t t n n t n tt t tb t tt tt t t ntn n t b n t btt t t bt t n ttt b t nt t t ttt t t nt t n tn t n tt t nb nn t t t n t tt tt t tn t b b t tn nb t t n nbt nt ntt nn t t t nn tt t n t tt t t n n tn n t n t t t n t nt t bnt t t t nn t n n b t t rt ntt n t t nt nt t t t t n tt t nt t nt t b t t t tntn n t t nt b btt t n nbt ntn t t t t t t t t ttnt t t n t t tn t n t b bt tn n t t tt t t t t t btt t t n tt t nt n t nnn nt nt nt n t nn t nt n t t n nbt bt ntt t nt ntt t nt n nt t t nnn n t t t nt nn t n t t n t nt t n tn t t n t t t t tt t nn n tt nt nntt t t t t tt ttn rb b f brt f trtb nbrrbnrtt

PAGE 42

f rfntb nff nnffrnbf nnfffffntfff f r r ff frnbf ffnnf r fffbb rnf fffnnb f rr ffnff ff rbffffn b r n r frrffr rfrfbnftfbffffr n t t t t ntnt b n tt t ntn t t t t t bn t t t t t nt t t n n n t t nt n t bt t bn t n nt n b t t t b n t n n t t t tt tt t t rt t tt nnt n t bt b t t ntnt tt nt t b n t nt n bt t nt t t t t t n t nt t nt n tt t n t n t n tn nt tttnt tnt t b t tttnn n t t t t t bn t nt t n t t t t ntnt nt ntt tt n t nt n t t t t n t ntnt t n nb b t n ttn rt n n t t t t t t t n b t tn n tt t t t n n b t ntn n t t t n t b t tntttt nnt t n t t nt b t t t t nt n t bt n b t t t tt t t t n t t t t t ntnt t t n t t n t b nt t tt t t nbt t n t t t n t t t ntnt t tt t t t t t n nt t t t t nt t t b t b t rbbnbftr brnbbt f bbrbn nnrn fbrf rr rbtbbb nrrnt bttt rbn bnnbn nn rrff ftf rt trbbr nttb nbbt n nr rtnrr tnnrbrnt nnttt brr t

PAGE 43

f rfntb frb r tt b n t t frffrrfrnftfbffnffff bt bfnftfbfn rfrbtfnftfbnftfbn rbrf f t ntt t t ntn n t n t t ntt nt t t ntt t t bt t tt b n t nt n ntn n t n t n f b t t n tnt tnt t tt nt t t tt t bt t f tnt n t t t t t t t n t nt b ntt nt n tnt ntbt t t tnt bt n n ntt tnt t t t n nt t tt t t t n nt n b rn tt t tt t nt t n t tt t b n nt tt t t n n nt nbn rn tt t t t t ntt t t t t n ntt tn nt n t n t t t ntn t t nt nt t t t t ttbt t nt n t nt t n t b t bnt nttt n t t n tnt n nt t n t n n t nn tt tn nt t n n t t n f t n nt t n t t t tt ntt t tntn nt bt t bt t n n t t t t t tn t t tt nb t n t b t t nt rb fffn n t r t b t t t n nt tn t t tn t t nnn t t t n tnt t t tt t t t t t n t tt ntnt t n t t t t t ntnt tt ntt t n t t t t t n t ntn t t n nt tt ntt ntn n nt n n t tt t f t t ntn t t t tt tt tt t t nt n n t t b nt t t t t n t n nt t t n tnt t ntn bt t tntn t t b t nt t t n t t b nt ntnt t ntn t t t n ntn bt t t nt nt nnt n nt b t t t tn ntbt t t tt tb n r t t n t tn tt n t n t rt t t t tb t b t n t n t tb bt nn rt n t b n nt n b t nt n nt n t nt b t tt n t t b n n tbnt t t b t bt ttb nnnt rfnff nf rf r rft ntnt nf r nnnb rffnbf fbnn rbf t ff r nnn rbfnfnf nnb r t frfrrf f ttfnbnfnr bnbbfnnnt

PAGE 44

f rfntb rbbr brrtrt rbnnnbbtb n bnnnrbb nbtt t t nt nb bb tb t tt tt t t t t tt t nt t t n b n t nt t b t t nt tt b tt tt t nt t n t t n bt nt t n t bt n b tt t t t t n t t t t t n tt t t t t n t n t t t tt t b t n ntnnt n t t t t nt n t tt t t t t ntnt t ntt n tt t tt b t n n t n t n t n t t t nt n f n t t n ntn n t tt tttb tn t tt t t n t n t t bt ntt t tt t t n n t t t bt t t nt tt t t nt t t t t t t t t t n t t t tn t n t t t tt n t t t nt t t t t n nt tt t t n r n t t nn t t t tn t t nt t t t n t t n t t nnt n t t nt ttnntn t t t t t t t tt t t t nt t n t t t t t t t bt t t t n t t n t f t t t r t t t t t n t tb t tt nbt t b nt t n t t nt t tt tn t tn tt t b t t n n nnnt t t

PAGE 45

ff rfntb rbrb brnb rfb nfb n f tt rrn nr rt t rbnnnbrb bbrb brtt btt bt nt t n t t btt t t n nn nt nnnt t btt t tn tt t ntnt t t t tn t n tnt t tn t t t nt n t t ttt t tt t tt nt n b t nt b n t t t t t tt t t t t nt n t t nnt r t t tt n r t t tn nt n tn t tt t t n nn n nnt b n b t t tttn tbt nn t nt f n tn n tt t n t t t tt nt t n b t t tt ttbt t n t b tt t t t nt n n t rt n n t bn n tnt t tnt tt bt n t n t n nn t tt t n t t t n n n t t tt t nt tt t nt t n nt t t tt t t n t n b t t t t nn t t t b nnt n tntnn b t n t b t tt n rt nt t rt nn t t t nt nt tt ntn t t b n nnt n t t nn bnt nt t t t ntt tt t nn nt tt t t f t tn t t nnt nn b bn tt r nt n t t tt r tt nt t t n bt t t tt n t t t t bt n tn nn nt r t tt tt nn nnt t ntt n ntn n ntn t t t tt ntt bt t t tt nn t t tt t nt n tt t t nt tt t t t t nn b t bt n nn b t t n t t t ntt t bt ntt tn t t t nt nn n b nnt t nnt b t t nt t t t ntt t t t t n t nt n ff tffb bbrnf tn r nfrnf tn r ffbnn rftfffbft fnffn ff rrbf r f

PAGE 46

f rfntb rb f frrfffr t nn t t f t tt t t b f ntt ntt f nt t b tt t ntn t n t t t tn t t t n nt n t t t b n t n t tnt t n t nn t tn n n bnt t nn t n nnt bt bn nt b b t bb t nntnt t ntt nn tt t t t t t t t t n n b t t t t t nnt t n tt t t t t nn n t t tt t t n t t t t t nt n nt tt t r rt ntn t t t r t t nt t t t n t t tt t t t ttb tt t nt t t t t t tt t r r t t t t t nt ttn tb t ttt t ntn nt nt n t nt t b n nn b bn t nt t nn tn t t t n t nn t t tt t t b t t n ntt n nt nt t n t n t t t t t t t tt t n nn nnttn b n b t nt ntbt t n nt nt n t nt t nt tt t t t t b b t nt t n t t t n t t t t t tt t t t t n t t b n nn tt n t n n t t t t b nnnt t t t nt t bn n tt t nt t tt tnt t b nnt ntt nt t t t tt n nt t t t ntbt t t n nnt t tt bt n b t t tn bn t t t f b ffff r tf tf rfff b f f t t b t n t t nt t n tb ttnn tt t t nt t t t r t r ttnt n t t nt t t t t b nn t t t n bntttt

PAGE 47

f rfntb ffff tbt nf bt n bb nf trr bt r b rbf fbbbbb f n t ttnnt bt ntntnttntntnt b ntnntnttn tbtttnn t nnttttntntt nttnttnttntnnt ttntttf ttt tntt rttttntt f tttttnt ff tnttnntntntntt t nnttt t nttntttt tnttnt r t b tnnttbttbnt n t t tttt nttntnttntt b

PAGE 48

f rfntb n rt f ttb f f n tn f tttnnnn f tnftt tttnt ttt tttbnntt tfntr tbtnttntbt nbbttt f ntrtn b ntnt tnt n btt bn t ttt nt b bbtf tntnnt t ntt ftt tnnnt bttt rt tnttnttnt f r ttttnt b r tnt tt f nt tbt ntt tnttttt tttnntt tnnntbt tbtnbn ntntntbt bttnttt f t nttt f f tnttt f bb ttntn t ft ff ff bn b t r t tt ttt tt tt tr nnnt n tnnb nt b t ttntt tt ttttt f tbn ntn nt t t tn tt nt n t bnt t b t rt nn tr


Description
PAGES (Past Global Changes) supports research aimed at
understanding the Earth's past environment in order to make
predictions for the future. We encourage international and
interdisciplinary collaborations and seek to promote the
involvement of scientists from developing countries in the
global paleo-community discourse.
PAGES scope of interest includes the physical climate
system, biogeochemical cycles, ecosystem processes,
biodiversity, and human dimensions, on different time
scales Pleistocene, Holocene, last millennium and the
recent past.
Founded in 1991, PAGES is a core project of the
International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP) and is
funded by the U.S. and Swiss National Science Foundations,
and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
(NOAA).
It is overseen by a Scientific Steering Committee (SSC)
comprised of members chosen to be representative of the
major techniques, disciplines and geographic regions that
contribute to paleoscience.