Risks of carbaryl use to the Federally listed endangered Barton Springs salamander (Eurycea sosorum)

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Risks of carbaryl use to the Federally listed endangered Barton Springs salamander (Eurycea sosorum)

Material Information

Title:
Risks of carbaryl use to the Federally listed endangered Barton Springs salamander (Eurycea sosorum)
Creator:
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Publisher:
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Publication Date:
Language:
English

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Eliza Spring (Travis County, Texas, United States) ( 30.27963, -97.7805 )
Old Mill Spring (Travis County, Texas, United States) ( 30.26359, -97.76808 )
Upper Barton Spring (Travis County, Texas, United States) ( 30.26359, -97.77378 )
Biology ( local )
Genre:
Technical Report
serial ( sobekcm )
Coordinates:
30.27963 x -97.7805
30.26359 x -97.76808
30.26359 x -97.77378

Notes

General Note:
The purpose of this assessment is to make an "effects determination" for the Barton Springs salamander (Eurycea sosorum) by evaluating the potential direct and indirect effects of currently registered uses of the insecticide carbaryl within the Barton Springs area (action area) on the survival, growth, and reproduction of this federally-listed endangered species. This assessment was completed in accordance with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) and National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) Endangered Species Consultation Handbook (USFWS/NMFS, 1998 and procedures outlined in the Agency's Overview Document (U.S. EPA, 2004).
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Open Access - Permission by Publisher
General Note:
See Extended description for more information.

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University of South Florida Library
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University of South Florida
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All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
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K26-03341 ( USFLDC DOI )
k26.3341 ( USFLDC Handle )
11559 ( karstportal - original NodeID )

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Description
The purpose of this
assessment is to make an "effects determination" for the Barton
Springs salamander (Eurycea sosorum) by evaluating the
potential direct and indirect effects of currently registered
uses of the insecticide carbaryl within the Barton Springs area
(action area) on the survival, growth, and reproduction of this
federally-listed endangered species. This assessment was
completed in accordance with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
(USFWS) and National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) Endangered
Species Consultation Handbook (USFWS/NMFS, 1998 and procedures
outlined in the Agency's Overview Document (U.S. EPA,
2004).



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Risks of Carbaryl Use to the Federally Listed Endangered Barton Springs Salamander (Eurycea sosorum) Pi c t u r e co u r tes y o f L i sa O Do n n e l l; Cit y o f Au stin W a ters h e d P r o t ectio n an d Dev e lo p m e n t Rev i e w Dep a rt m e n t Pesticide Effects Determination Environmental F a t e and Effects Divisi on Office of Pesticide Programs Washington, D.C. 20460 September 19, 2007 Page 1 of 60 2

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A c know ledgement The carb a ry l chem ical team (Mr. Greg Orrick, Ms. Kristina Garber, Dr. R. David Jones, and Dr. Thom as Steeger) would like to acknowledg e the extensive contribution of Dr. Paige Doelling Brown, Ms. Anita Pease, Mr. Brian A nderson, and Mr. Mark Corbin to synthesizing much of the inform ation on the Barton Springs salam a nder contained in the docum ent. The detailed descriptive inform ation on the Barton Springs Segm ent of the Edwards Aquifer is also a result of work by these in dividuals and Ms. Elizabeth Behl. Page 2 of 60 2

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Table of Contents 1. Executive S u mmary .......................................................................................................... 7 2. Problem Formulation ..................................................................................................... 10 2.1 Purpose ......................................................................................................................... 10 2.2 Scope ............................................................................................................................. 11 2.3 Previous Assessmen ts .................................................................................................. 12 2.3.1 Carbaryl ......................................................................................................................... 12 2.4 Stressor So urce and Distribution .............................................................................. 14 2.4.1 Environmental Fate an d Transport Assessment ........................................... 14 2.4.2 Mechanism of Action ....................................................................................... 17 2.4.3 Use Characteriz a tion ....................................................................................... 17 2.5 Assessed Species .......................................................................................................... 19 2.7 Assessment Endpoints and Measures of Ecological Effect ..................................... 23 2.8 Conceptual Model ....................................................................................................... 24 2.8.1 Risk Hypo theses ............................................................................................... 24 2.8.2 Diagram ............................................................................................................ 24 3. Exposure Assessment ...................................................................................................... 26 3.1 Label Application Rates and Intervals ..................................................................... 26 3.2 Aquatic Exposure Assessment ................................................................................... 27 3.2.2 Geology/Hydrogeology .................................................................................... 32 3.2.4 Existing W a ter Monito ring Data .................................................................... 35 Figure 12. Temporal Changes in Surface-w a t er Insecticide Concentrations after the Phase-Out of Diaz inon and Chlorpyrifos (Embrey and Moran, 2006) ..................... 40 3.2.5 Modeling Approach ......................................................................................... 40 3.2.5.1 Model Inputs ..................................................................................................... 45 3.2.5.2 PRZ M Sce n arios .............................................................................................. 47 3.2.5.2.1 Nursery ............................................................................................................. 47 3.2.5.2.2 Orchard ............................................................................................................. 47 3.2.5.2.3 Turf .................................................................................................................... 48 3.2.5.2.4 Rangeland ......................................................................................................... 48 3.2.5.2.5 Residential ........................................................................................................ 48 3.2.5.2.6 Impervious ........................................................................................................ 48 3.2.6 Aquatic Modeling Results ............................................................................... 49 4. Effects Assessment .......................................................................................................... 50 4.1. Evaluation of Aquatic Ecot oxicity Studies for Carbaryl ............................................. 52 4.1.1. Toxicity to Freshw ater Fish ................................................................................. 53 4.1.1.1. Freshw ater Fish: Acute Exposure (Mortality) Studies ................................... 53 4.1.1.2. Freshw ater Fish: Chronic Exposure (Grow t h/Reproduction) Studies ......... 54 4.1.2. Toxicity to Aquatic-phase A m phibians ............................................................... 54 4.1.3. Toxicity to Freshw ater Invertebrates .................................................................. 56 4.1.3.1. Freshw ater Invertebrates: Acute Exposure Studies ....................................... 57 4.1.3.2. Freshw ater Invertebrates: Chronic Exposure Studies ................................... 58 4.1.4. Toxicity to Aquatic Plants .................................................................................... 58 4.1.4.1. Toxicity to Freshw ater Non-vascular P l ants .................................................... 58 Page 3 of 60 2

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4.1.4.1. Toxicity to Freshw ater Vascular Plants ............................................................ 59 4.1.5. Freshw ater Field Studies ...................................................................................... 59 4.1.5. Carbaryl Formu l ated Product Toxicity .............................................................. 60 5. Risk Characteriz a tion ..................................................................................................... 60 5.1 Ri sk Esti mati on ........................................................................................................... 60 5.1.1 Direct Effects .................................................................................................... 61 5.1.2 Indirect Effects ................................................................................................. 62 5.1.2.1 Evaluation of Potentia l Indirect Ef fects v i a Reduction in Food Items (Freshw ater Invertebrates) ............................................................................................. 62 5.1.2.2 Evaluation of Potentia l Indirect Eff ects v i a Reduction in Habitat an d/or Primary Productivity (Freshw ater Aquatic Plants) ..................................................... 63 5.2 Risk Description .......................................................................................................... 64 5.2.1 Direct Effects to the Barton Springs Salaman d er ......................................... 65 5.2.3 Indirect Effects via Red u ction in Ha bitat and/or Primary Productivity (Freshw ater Aquatic Plants) .......................................................................................... 67 5.2.5 Description of Assumptions, Limita ti ons, Uncertainties, Streng t hs and Data Gaps 68 5.2.5.1. Exposure Assessment .......................................................................................... 68 5.2.5.2 Effects Assessment ............................................................................................... 70 5.3. Conclusions ....................................................................................................................... 73 6. Literatur e Cited ...................................................................................................................... 75 6.1. Submitted studies ................................................................................................................. 80 Appendix A. ECOTO X Open Literature Rev i ew s ................................................................. 82 Appendix B. Supporting Information for PRZM Scenario Development ......................... 110 Appendix C. USGS Monitoring Data for Barton Springs Area. ......................................... 151 Appendix D. Status and Life History of the B a rton Springs Salaman d er ......................... 158 D.1 Species Listing Status ................................................................................................. 158 D.2 Description and Taxonomy ......................................................................................... 158 D.3 Population Status and D i stribution ............................................................................. 159 D.3.1 Survey Results ................................................................................................. 160 D.4 Habitat .................................................................................................................... ..... 163 D.5 Life History and Ecology ............................................................................................ 165 D.5.1 Diet ................................................................................................................... 16 5 D.5.2 Respiration ....................................................................................................... 165 D.5.3 Reproduction .................................................................................................... 165 D.5.4 Longevity ......................................................................................................... 167 D.5.5 Diseases ............................................................................................................ 167 D.5.6 Predators .......................................................................................................... 167 Appendix E. Stepw i se Modeling Approach for the Barton Springs Salamander Endangered Species Assessment for Carbaryl ...................................................................... 170 Appendix F Sensitivity Distribution Data ............................................................................ 185 Appendix G. The Risk Quotient Method and Levels of Concern. ...................................... 193 Appendix H. List of citations accept ed and rejected by ECOTOX criteria ....................... 195 Appendix I. Individual Effect Analysis ................................................................................. 591 Page 4 of 60 2

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List of Tables Table 1. Carbaryl Effects Determ ination Summ ary for the Barton Springs Salam a nder ........... 9 Table 2. Summary of Environm ental Chem istry and Fate Param e ters for Carbaryl (Se e Text for Table 4. Maxim u m Labeled Use Patterns of Carbar yl in the A c tion Area of the Barton Springs Table 7. Extent of Potential Carbaryl Use Areas in the Action Area of the Barton Springs Segm ent of the Edwards Aquifer (BSSEA), expressed in acres (percentage of BSSEA Table 8. Use patterns for the as sessm e nt of aquatic exposure from carbaryl to the Barton Springs Table 12. 1-in-10-year Barton Springs EECs for Reduced Spatial Fractions of Use Areas Table 13. 1-in-10-year B a rton Springs EECs fo r Reduced Spatial Frac tions of Use Areas Table 14. S u mm ary of a c ute and chronic toxicity estim ates for freshwater aquatic organism s Table 20. Num b ers of data points, species and geneses incorporated into each of the sensitivity Table 22. Median lethal concentrations (LC 50 ) in m g /L (ppm ) for aquatic-phase green frogs ( R. clamitans ) exposed to carbaryl for various lengths of exposure and tem p eratures. Values in Table 23. Median lethal concentr ation (96-hr) in m g /L to aqua tic-phase southern leopard frog Table 24. Com p arison of 96-hr LC 50 values acro ss species for 5 chem icals. Values in parenth e ses are 95% con f idence intervals. Only southern leopard frogs were tes t ed in the Table 25. P e rcent inhibition of plant growth acro ss herbicides; values in parentheses represent standard deviation. Exposure based on m a xim u m label rates. Sim azine is tested as Analysis). ..................................................................................................................... ......... 15 Table 3. Summary of Assessm ent Endpoints and Measures of Ecological Effect. ..................... 23 Salam a nder Endangered Species Assessm ent. ..................................................................... 27 Table 5. Detections of carbaryl in 4 spring sam p ling locations .................................................. 36 Table 6. Detections of carbaryl in 8 creek sam p ling locations from 2000 to 2005. .................... 37 action area) (USGS, 200 3; COA, 2003). .............................................................................. 42 Salam a nder .................................................................................................................... ....... 45 Table 9. PRZM Input Param e ters. Source Data are in Table 2 .................................................. 46 Table 10. 1-in-10-year B a rton Springs EECs for Modeled PRZM Scenarios ............................ 49 Table 11. 1-in-10-year B a rton Springs EECs for Reduced Numbers of Applications to Lawns. 49 Treated based on 25 applications with a 3-day Reapplication Interval. ............................... 50 Treated based on Single applications to la wns and two applications to P a stures ............... 50 using technical grade carbaryl. ............................................................................................. 52 Table 15. Categories of Acute Toxi city for Aquatic Organism s. ................................................ 53 Table 16. Rat acute 96-hr oral toxicity test data for for m ulated products of carbaryl ................ 60 Table 17. Direct Effect RQs for the Barton Springs Salam a nder based on refined EECs. ......... 62 Table 18. Invertebrate RQs relevant to indir ect ef fects to the Barton Springs Salam a nder. ....... 63 Table 19. Aquatic plant RQs relevant to indire ct effects to the Barton Springs Salam a nder ..... 64 distributions. The lower 95th percentile es tim ates of EC50 values relevant to the distributions are also included. ............................................................................................. 71 Table 21. Carbaryl Effects Determ ination Su mm ary for the Barton Springs Salam a nder ......... 74 parentheses represent 95% confidence interval) .................................................................. 82 for 5 chem ic als. Values in parenthese s represent 95% confidence interval. ....................... 85 current study .................................................................................................................. ........ 85 for m ulated endproduct w h ile other he rbicides are technical grade. ..................................... 88 Page 5 of 60 2

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Table 26. P e rcent inhibition of plant growth acro ss herbicides; values in parentheses represent standard deviation. Exposure based on m a xim u m label rates. Herbicides tested are technical grade. ............................................................................................................... ...... 89 Table 27. P e rcent inhibition of plant growth acro ss herbicides; values in parentheses represent standard deviation. Exposure based on m a xim u m label rates. Glyphosate is tested as for m ulated endproduct w h ile other he rbicides are technical grade. ..................................... 90 Table 28. Percent inhibition of pl ant growth across pest icides; values in parentheses represent standard deviation. Exposure ba sed on m a xim u m label rates. Propiconazolee is tested as for m ulated endproduct and technical grade while other pesticides are technical grade alone. ............................................................................................................................... ................ 91 List of Figu res Figure 1. Historical Extent (2002) of carbaryl usage (USGS, 2007) .......................................... 18 Figure 2. Barton Springs Com p lex (from Hauwe r t et al ., 2004). Circles represent spring locations. ..................................................................................................................... .......... 20 Figure 3. Action Area for Carbaryl as it Re lates to the Barton Springs Salam a nder. ................. 21 Figure 4. Conceptual Model Depicting Potential Ri sk from Carbaryl Use to the Barton Springs Salam a nder .................................................................................................................... ....... 25 Figure 5. Hydrologic zones of th e Barton Springs W a tershed. ................................................... 29 Figure 6. Hydrogeologic Cross Section of the Barton Springs Segm ent of the Edwards Aquifer and the Contributing Zone Showing Dom i nant Flow Pathways within Each Hydrozone (Taken from Mahler, 2005) ................................................................................................... 31 Figure 7. Conceptual M odel of Surface and Sub s urface Flo w within the Barton Springs Watershed. Green Boxes Represent Move m e nt of Dissolved Carbaryl Mass ..................... 32 Figure 8. Flow Hydrograph Data for Barton Springs. ................................................................. 33 Figure 9. Flow paths within Recharge Zone of the Barton Springs Segm e nt of the Edwards Aquifer (Taken from Mahler, 2005; originally published in Hauwert et al., 2004). Water generally flows from south west to north east. ..................................................................... 34 Figure 10. Location of Surface W a t e r Monitorin g Sites within the Barton Springs W a tershed. 37 Figure 11. Location of Ground wate r Monitoring Sites within the Barton Springs Segm ent. .... 38 Figure 12. Freshwater f i sh spec ies sensitivity distribution (L C 50 values). .................................. 54 Figure 13. Cum u lative freshw ater invertebrate sens itivity distribution (LC 50 values) ............... 57 Figure 14. Analysis of Covariance of m a ss, tim e, and survival to m e tamorphosis for sm allmouthed salam a nders and Am erican toads. Reproduced from Table 3 of Boone and Jam e s 2003 ........................................................................................................................... .......... 108 Figure 15. Estim ation of likelihood of individual m o rtality b a sed on risk quotien t s for freshwater invertebrates (RQ=314) following multip le (26 ) application s to lawns. E s tim ated dos eresponse slope is 4.3. ......................................................................................................... 592 Page 6 of 60 2

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1. Executive S u mmary The purpos e of this as sessm ent is to m a ke an effects determ ination for the Barton Springs salam a nder ( Eurycea so sorum ) by evaluating the potential direct and indirect effects of currently regis t ered u s es of the insecticide carbary l w ith in the Barto n Springs area (action area) on th e survival, growth, and reproduction of this federa lly-listed endangered species. This assessm ent was com p leted in accordance with the U.S. Fi sh and W ildlife Service (USFW S ) and National Marine F i sheries Service (NMFS) Endangered Species C onsultation Handbook (USFW S /NMFS, 1998 and procedures outlined in the Agencys Ov erview Docum e nt (U.S. EPA, 2004). The range of the Barton Springs salam a nder is restri cted to f our spring o u tle ts that c o m p rise the Barton Springs com p lex, which is located n ear dow ntown Austin, Tex a s. Subsurf ace flow from the Barton Springs segm ent of the Edwards Aquife r and its contributing zone supply all of the water in the springs that m a ke up the Barton Sp rings com p lex. Therefore, the carb a ryl actio n area a s it r e lates to th e Barton S p rings sa la m a nder is defined by those areas within the hydrogeologic watershed that disc harge to the Barton Springs. Based on use estim ates provided from the Biological and Econom ic Assessm ent Division, carbaryl is registered for use on m a ny agricultur al, professional turf m a nagem e nt and ornam e ntal production, and residential sites. Crops with th e greatest annual use of carbaryl include apples, pecans, g r apes, alfalfa, oranges, cherries, and asparagus. Based on discus sions with U.S. Departm e nt of Agricultu re extension agents in the Austin, T X area, carbaryl has lim ited use on agricu ltu ral sites in th e Barton S p rings a r ea, to taling 70 acres of orch ards and vineyards. Carbaryl is also used by hom e ow ners in res i den t ial se ttings f o r lawn car e gardening (vegetables and ornam e ntals), and pet care (pet collars, pow de rs, dips, in kennels, and pet sleeping quarters). The com p ound is used by nursery landscape, and golf course industries on turf, annuals, perennials, and shrubs. Carbaryl may also be used to treat pastures, rangeland, and rights-of way. Environm ental fate and transport models were used to estim ate high-end exposure values that could occu r in water in the Bart on Springs action area as a result of potential carbaryl use in accordan ce with lab e l directions. Modeled c oncentratio ns in th e Barton Springs provide estim ates of exposure that are in tended to represent possible carba ryl concentrations originating f r om all potentia l use s i tes. Transpo r t of wate r containing carbaryl coul d occur in su rface water in the contributing zone and in th e recharge zone and is tran sp or ted to th e Springs pr ed om inantly from subsurface flow th rough th e fractured karst lim e st one of the Edwards Aquifer. Estim a ted 1-in-10-year peak and annual average exposure va lues for the Barton Sp rings were aggregated from all potential use sites and used in risk estim ation. Accurate da ta are not available on applic ation s of carbary l to turf in par ticu l ar and necessitated assum p tions regarding the num ber of tim es it is applied and the per cen tage of lawn s tre a ted at one tim e. On the cons ervative end estim ated 1-in-10-year annual average exposure values were up to two orders of m a gnitude higher than m a xi m u m concentrations repo rted in m onitorin g data taken in the springs, m o stly due to the unlike l y assu mptions that carbary l is used at m a ximum application rates (and num b ers of treatm e nts, arbitra r ily lim ited at 25 applica t i ons per year) and sim u ltaneously applied to all Page 7 of 60 2

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lawns in the action area. 1 in -10-year an nual average estim a tes are con s isten t with concentrations observed in the m onitoring data when uses are m odeled once per year across all use ar eas, or when uses are m odeled at m u ltiple tim es per ye ar on a f r ac tion of the p o ssible use areas. The highest potential exposure was predicted to occur from use of carbaryl on residential lawns due to the prevalence of hom e lawns in the acti on area (residential lawn s are estim a ted to m a ke up 45% of the action area). Also, som e labels do not lim it the num ber of applications allowed on parks, hom e lawns, and flower beds ( e.g. EPA Reg. No. 9198-146). In the absence of lim its, m a xi m u m use patterns for these uses were assum e d to involve 25 applications at the m a xi m u m rate, occurring every 3 days; the im pact of fewer applications was also assessed. The assessm ent endpoints for the Barton Springs sa lam a nder include direct toxic effects on the survival, reproduction, and growth of the salam a nder it self, as well as indire ct effects, such as reduction of the prey base and/or modification of its habita t. Direct ef f ects to the Bar t on Spring s salam a nder are based on toxicity infor m ation for freshwater fish, which are generally used as a surrogate for am phibians, as well as availabl e aquatic-phase am phibian data from the open litera t ure. Given tha t the sa lam a nders prey item s and habitat re quirem ents are dependant on the availability of freshwater a quatic invertebrates and aquatic plan ts respec tiv e l y, tox i city inform ation for these taxonom i c groups is also discussed. Degradates of carbary l include 1-naphthol. Comparison of availa ble toxicity inform ation for 1 naphthol indicates roughly equivalent aquatic toxicity to that of th e parent for the species tested; however, 1-naphthol degrades m o re rapidly and is less m obile than the parent. Therefore, for this as sessm ent, carbary l pare nt is the residue of concern. Risk quotie nts (RQs) are derived as quantita tive estim ates of potential h i gh-end risk. Acute and chronic RQs are com p ared to th e Agencys le vels of concern (LOCs) f o r Fe derallylis te d endangered species to identify if carbaryl use within the action area has any direct or indirect effect on th e Barton Sp rings salam a nder. Based on estim ated environm e n tal concentrations for the currently registered uses of carbaryl, RQ va lues exceed the Agencys LOCs for direct acute and chron i c effects on th e Barton Springs salam a nder; this represen ts a likely to adv e rsely affect determ inatio n. This dete rm ination is based prim arily on the use of carbaryl on residential lawns in the BSSEA. Reduction in the number of applic ations allowed on the labels to only one per year does n o t reduce ex posure estim ates sufficiently to get below the a c ute r i sk to listed spec ie s LOC unless less th an 5% of the la wns in the BSSEA are treated. Reductions in the m a xi m u m num b er of applications to lawn to 3 would, however, reduce exposure estim a tes enough t o support a no effct determination for chronic risk. There is a potential to indirectly adversel y affect the Barton Spri ngs salm ander through reductions in its inv e rte b rate fora ge base. However, based on this assessm e nt, carbaryl use in the BSSEA has no ef f ect on the cr itical h a bita t of th e Barton Springs salam a nder. A summ ary of the risk conclusions and effects determ ination for the Barton Springs salam a nder is presented in Table 1 Page 8 of 60 2

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Table 1. Car b ar yl Effects Determination Sum mar y for the Bar t on Springs Sal a m a nder. Asse ss ment Endpoint Effect s Det e r m ination Basis for Det ermination Acute m o rtali t y Chronic survival, growth, and reproduction effects on Barton Sp rings sala m ander indivi duals vi a direct effect s May affect and likely to adversely affect May affect and likely to adversely affect Acute risk LOC is exce eded based on the m o st sensi tive surrogate freshwater verteb ra te data and a variety of assu m p tions about num b er s of applications and the percentage of area tre a ted. Chronic risk LOC is exce e d ed based on the m o st sensitive surrogate freshwater vertebrate data. If the maxi m u m nu m b er of applications was r e duced to three, then the determination wou l d be no effect. Indirect effec t s to Barton Springs sala m ander via reduction of prey ( i.e. freshwat e r invertebrates) May affect and likely to adversely affect Acute LOC is exceeded based on the m o st sensitive surrogate freshwater invertebrate data. Even using le ss conservati ve assu m p tions regarding application rates and the percentage of ar eas si m u ltaneously treated in the BSSEA, the likelihood of acute m o rtality of pre y i t ems is considered high. Additionall y the species sensitivit y distribution for freshwat e r invertebrates in dicates that the toxicity endpoint used for evaluatin g effects to invertebrates is not conservative eventhough it is the m o st sensitive species. Indirect effec t s to Barton Springs sala m ander via reduction of habitat and/or prim ary productivi t y ( i.e. aquatic plants) No effect Carbary l use does not dire ctly affect individual non vascular aqua tic plants in Barton Springs. Estimate d peak EECs for all m odeled carbary l use scenarios with in the action area are w e ll below the threshold concentration for aquatic, non-vascular plants. Page 9 of 60 2

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2. Problem Formulation Problem formulation provides a st rategic fram ework for the risk assessm e nt. By id entif ying th e im portant components of the problem, it focuses th e assessm ent on the most relevant life history stages, habitat com pone nts, chem ical properties, exposure routes, and endpoints. The structure of this risk assessm ent is base d on guidance contained in EPAs Guidance for Ecological Risk Assessment (U.S. EPA, 1998), the Services Endangered Species Consultation Handbook (USFW S /NMFS, 1998) and procedures outlined in the Overview Docum e nt (U.S. EPA, 2004). 2.1 Purpose This ecological risk assessm ent is conducted cons istent with settlem e nt of the court case Center for Biological Diversity and Save Our Springs Allian ce v. Leavitt, No. 1:04CV00126-CKK f iled January 26, 2004. The purpose of this ecological risk assessm ent is to m a ke an effects determ ination, under Section 7(a) (2) of the Endangered S p ecies Act, for the Barton Springs salam a nder (Eurycea sosorum) by evaluating the potential dir ect and indirect effects resulting from use of the insecticide carbaryl (1-naphthyl m e thylcarbam a te) on the survival, growth, and/or reproduction of this fe dera lly lis ted end a ngere d species. The Barton Springs salam a nder was federally listed as an endangered species on May 30, 1997 (62 FR 23377-23392) by the U.S. Fish and W ildlif e Serv ic e (USFW S or the Service) No critical hab ita t has been designated for this spe c ie s. In this endangered species assessm e nt, direct and ind i rect effects to the Barton Springs salam a nder are evaluated in acco rdance with th e screen ing-level m e thodology described in the Agencys Overview Docum e nt (U.S. EPA, 2004). As part of the effects determ ination, the A g ency will reach one of the following thre e conclusions regarding the potential f o r carbary l to affect the Barton Springs salam a nder: No effect; May affect, but not likely to adversely affect; or Likely to adversely affect. If the resu lts of the scr eeningleve l asses s m e nt show no indirect e ffects and LOCs for the Barton Springs salam a nder are not exceeded for dire ct effects, a no effect determ ination is m a de, base d on carbaryls use w ithin the ac tion ar ea. If how ever, indirect effects ar e anticipated and/or es tim a ted e xposure exceed s the LOCs for direct effects, the Agency concludes a prelim inary m ay affect determ ination for the B a rton Springs salam a nder. If a determ ination is made that use of carbaryl within the action area m ay affect the Barto n Springs salam a nder, addition a l inform ation is cons idered to refine the p o tential for exposure at the predicted levels based on th e life history characteristics ( i.e. habitat range, feeding preferences, etc. ) of the Barton Springs salam a nder and po tential com m unity-lev el ef f e cts to aquatic org a nism s. The Agency will us e the b e st av ailable inf o rm ation to d i sting u ish tho s e action s that m ay affect, but are not likely to adv e rsely affect from those actions th at are lik ely to adversely affect the Barton Springs salam a nder. This infor m ation is presented as part of the Risk Characterization in Section 5 Page 10 of 6 0 2

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2.2 Scope Carbaryl is a carbam a te insecticide regis t ered fo r control of a wide range of insect and other arthropod pests on over 100 agricu ltural and non-crop use sites, in cluding hom e and garden uses. The chem ical is also us ed to thin fru i t in orchards The end result of the EPA pesticid e registra tio n process (the FIFRA regulatory action) is an approved product label. The labe l is a legal docum e nt that st ipulates how and where a given pesticide m a y be used. Product labels (also know n as end-use labels) describe the form ulation type ( e.g. liquid or granular), acceptable m e thods of application, approved use sites, and any restrictions on how appli cations m a y be conducted. Thus, the us e or potential use of carbaryl in accordan ce with the app r oved produ ct lab e ls fo r Texas is th e action being assessed. This ecolog i cal risk ass e ssm ent is for curren tly registered uses of carbaryl in portions of the action area that are reasonably as sum e d to be biologically relevant to the Barton Springs salam a nder (BSS) and its designated critical habitat. Further discussion of the action area for the BSS and its critical habitat is provided in Section 2.6. This assess m e nt quantitatively con s iders effect s of expos ures of carbaryl on ly. Carbary l degrades into one notable degrad ate, 1-naphthol. Toxicity da ta indicate that 1-naphthol is roughly equal to or less toxic than the pare nt com pound depending on the species tested. However, availab l e env i ronm ental f a te data ind i cate that 1-naphthol degrades m o re r a pidly and is less m obile than the parent, lim iting its exposure. Therefore, th e risk assessm ent is considered protective fo r non-target species, as the toxic ity endpoints are the m o st sensitiv e m easured. This asses s m ent considers only the single activ e i ngredient of carbaryl. However, the assessed species and their env i ronm ents m a y be expos ed to multiple pesticides s imultaneously. Interactions of other toxic agents with carbaryl could result in addi tive ef fects, synerg istic effects or antagonistic effects. Evaluati on of pesticide m i xtures is beyond the scope of this assessm ent because of the m y riad factors th at cannot be q u antified based on the available d a ta. Those factors include identification of other possibl e co-contam inants and their con centration s differences in the pattern and duration of ex posure am ong contam inants, and the differential effects of other physical/chem i cal charac teristics of the receiving waters ( e.g. organic m a tter present in sedim e nt and suspended water). Evaluation of factors that could influence additivity/synergism is beyond the scope of this assessm ent and is beyond the capabilities of the available data to allow for an evaluation. However, it is acknowledged that not considering m i xtures could overor under-es tim ate risks depending on the type of interaction and factors discussed above. This assessm ent has however, an alyzed the toxicity of for m ulated products (including f o rm ulations involving more than one active ingredient ) an determ ined that none of the for m ulated producted evaluated were m o re toxi c than the technical grade active ingredient data used for assessing both direct and indirect risks. Page 11 of 6 0 2

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2.3 Previous Assessmen ts 2.3.1 Carbaryl In March 2003, a revised environm ental fate a nd ecological risk asse ssm ent was published in support of the interim reregistration eligibil ity decision on carbaryl (U.S. EPA, 2004b). The chapter was revised to include additional ecolo gical effect studi es an d to addres s comm ents received during the public comm ent phase of the re registration process. Th e screening-level risk assessm ent concluded that for m a ny of the reg i stered u s es of car baryl, acute and chronic risk levels of concern were exceeded for m a mm als and chronic risk lev e ls o f concern were exceed ed for birds. Citrus was th e only use that exceed ed the acute risk LOC for fish; however, m o st of the uses exceeded the acute and chro nic risk LO Cs for aquatic inv e rtebra tes. Based on a single acceptable study of green algae, no ne of the us es evaluated exceeded the acute risk LOC for aquatic plan ts. No data were availab l e to asses s the risk of carbaryl to terrestrial plants ; however accord ing to som e labels it m a y cau se in jury to te nder foliag e if applied to wet foliag e or du ring periods of high hum idity and incident data suggested that both ornam e ntal and agricultural crops could be ad versely af f ected by car baryl. Ben e f i cial inse c t s were sen s itiv e to ca rbaryl and inciden t data subm itted subsequent to the publica tion of the ecological ri sk assessm ent indicate that a num ber of bee kills have been associated w ith th e use o f carbaryl. Although freshwater fish are typically used as su rrogates for assessing the sensitivity of aquaticphase am phibians to chem icals, carbaryl has a relatively large am ount of data available on the effects of carbaryl on larv al am phibians. These data were cap tured qua lita tive l y in th e screen ing-level ass e ssment and the data indica te tha t ac ros s th e sp ecies tes t ed, am phibians are less sensitiv e to carba ryl than f i sh. However, st udies ex am ining the in te r action of carbaryl with aquatic communities ind i cated that in som e cases, carbary l exposure cou l d enhance the growth of larval am phibians (tadpoles) th rough the elim ination of zoopla nkton that com p ete with tadpoles for food. Because the Agency determ ined that carbary l sh ares a common m echanism of toxicity with th e structurally -related N-methyl ca rbam ate insecticides, a cumulative human health ris k assessm ent for the N-methyl carbam ate insecticides was n ecessary before the Agency could m a ke a final determ inatio n of rer e gis t ration e ligib ility of ca rb aryl. At this tim e, a cu mulative ec ologica l risk assessm ent for the N-m e thyl carb a m a te ins ecticid es has not b een com p leted. As noted in the inte rim Reregis t r a tion Eligib ility Decision (IRED) on carbaryl (U.S. EPA, 2004b), EPA consulted with the U.S. Fish an d W ildlife Service in 1988 regarding carbaryl im pacts on endangered species asso ciated with speci fic registered uses. As a result, the U.S Fish and W ildlif e Se rvic e (USFW S ) issued a f o rm al Biological Opini on (USFW S 1989) which identif i ed re asonable an d prudent measures and alte rnatives to m itigate e f f e cts of carbaryl use on endangered species. EPA also consulted with th e National Marine Fisher i e s Se r v ice c onc e r ni ng carbaryl effects on endangered salmon and steelhead to de term ine the best pro cess e s to a ssess pesticide impacts on endangered species. Page 12 of 6 0 2

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In April 200 3, EPA subm itted to th e Nationa l M a rine Fishe r ies Serv ice, a n ef f ects determ ination for uses of carbaryl which have a potential to affect 26 list ed Pacific Salm on and Steelhead (www.epa.gov/espp). The assessm ent concluded that uses of carbaryl in the action area for these species, were likely to adversely affect 20 a nd not likely to adversely affect 2 of the environm entally sign if ic ant un its (E SUs) of f i sh. The d e te r m inati on also concluded that uses of carbaryl in the action area of these species w ould have no effect on 4 of the ESUs. The determ inations were based on use of carbaryl on crop s within th e habita ts and m i gration corridors of the ESUs, acute risk to endangered fi sh and the potential for indirect effects due to actue and chronic risks to their a quatic invertebrate food supply. 2.3.2. Barton Springs Salamander The Agency has com p leted (U.S. EPA, 2006) an ecological risk assessm ent evaluating the potential effects of the herbicide atrazin e on the Barton Springs salam a nder. The atrazine assessm ent was another com ponent of the settlem e nt of the court case Center for Biologica l Diversity a nd Save Our Springs A llian ce v. L e avitt, No. 1:04CV00126-CKK. Conclusions regard ing atrazin e use in its action area were th at it would have no direct effect on the Barton Springs salam a nders growth, reproduction or surv iva l; f u rtherm ore, atr azine was n o t lik ely to indirectly af fect the salam a nder through adverse effects on the salam a nde rs prey or through adverse effects on aquatic plants. In 2007, the Agency also com p leted (U.S. EPA, 2007a) an ecological risk assessm ent evaluating the potential effects of the insec ticide diazinon on the Barton Sp rings salam a nder. Conclusions regarding diazinon use in the action area were a no effect determ in ation for direct acute effects on the Barton Springs salam a nder and a m a y affect but not likel y to adversely affect through direct chronic effects on the Barton Springs salam a nder and through indi rect effects to its invertebrate forage base. Additionally, the Agency has completed (US. EPA 2007b) an ecological risk assessm ent evaluating the potential effects of the herbicide m e taolachlor on the Barton Springs salam a nder. Conclusions rega rding m e tolachlor use in th e ac tion area were a m ay affect but are not likely to adversely affect determ ination for both dire ct and indirect effects on the Barton Springs salam a nder. Page 13 of 6 0 2

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2.4 Stressor So urce and Distribution 2.4.1 Environmental Fate an d Transport Assessment The f o llowing f a te and transpor t descrip tion f o r carbary l is consis ten t with the inf o rm ation contained in the initial 2004 IRED (U.S. EPA, 2004b) Carbaryl dissipates in the soil environm ent by abiotic and m i crobially-m ediated de gradation. The m a jor degradation product is 1-naphthol, which is further degraded to carbon di oxide. Abiotic routes of degradation include relatively rapid hydrolysis under alkaline conditions and photolysis in water. Under aerobic conditions, the com pound degrades rapidly by m i cr obial metabolism with ha lf-lives of 4 to 5 days in soil and aquatic environm ents. Carbaryl dissipates rapidly from foliage and is m obile in the env i ron m ent; however, th e co mpound will increa sing ly partition to s e dim e nt as organ i c carbon content increases. Based on its octanol-wa ter partition coefficient and bioconcentration factors, carb aryl is not e xpected to b i oaccum u late ( Table 2 ). Page 14 of 6 0 2

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Table 2. Sum mar y of E n vir o nmen tal Che m istry and F a te P a rameters for Car b ar yl (See Te xt for Analysis). Par a meter Value Refere nce Selected P h ysical/Chemic a l Par a meters M o l ecul a r Wei ght 20 1. 2 2 g/ m o l -Water So l u b ility 3 2 m g /L (20 o C) Sun tio et al. 19 88 Vap o r P r ess u re 1. 36 10 -7 to rr (2 5 o C) Ferri ra a n d Sei b er 19 8 1 Hen r y s Law C onst a nt 1. 28 x 1 0 -8 atm m 3 /m ol Su nt i o et al. 19 88 Octano l/ W a ter Partitio n Coefficient (K ow ) 22 9 W i n d h o l z et al 1 976 Persistence Hy dr ol y s i s t 1/2 pH 5 pH 7 pH 9 Stable 12 day s 3. 2 ho u r s MRI D 0 016 384 7, 4 475 930 1 Aq ue ous P hot o l y s i s t 1/2 21 day s M R ID 41 9 8 2 6 03 Soi l P hot ol y s i s t 1/2 Assu m e d stab le No v a lid d a ta su b m itted Aerob i c So il Metab o lism t 1/ 2 4 day s i n o n e s a ndy l o am soi l M R ID 42 7 8 5 1 01 An aero b i c So il Metab o lism t 1/ 2 72 day s M R ID 42 7 8 5 1 02 Aerob i c Aqu a tic Metab o lism t 1/2 4. 9 day s M R ID 43 1 4 3 4 01 An aero b i c Aq uatic Metab o lism t 1/2 72 day s M R ID 42 7 8 5 1 02 Mobility Batch Equ ilib ri u m K F (K OC ) = 1.74 ( 207 ) sand y lo am 2. 04 ( 2 49 ) cl ay l o am sedim e nt 3 0 0 (21 1 ) silt lo am 3 5 2 (17 7 ) silty clay lo a m 1/ n val u e s ra n g e d fr om 0.7 8 0 .8 4 MRI D 4 325 930 1 Colum n Leaching Slightly m obile in c o lum n s (30-cm length) of sand y lo am sil t y clay lo a m silt lo a m and loam y sand soi l s MRI D 4 332 070 1 Bio c on cen tratio n Factor ( BCF) 1 4 x ( e d i b l e) 75 x (v iscer a) 45 x (w ho le f i sh) MRI D 0 015 934 2 Field Dissip a ti on Forestry Dissi pation Foliar t 1/2 = 21 d a ys Leaf Litter t 1/2 = 75 d a ys So il t 1/2 = 65 days MRI D 4 343 980 1 In ava ilab l e labo rato ry f a te st udies, 1-naphthol has b een identified as the m a jor degrada t e o f carbaryl. In addition, several m i nor degrad ates of carbaryl were identified, including: 5 hydroxy-l-naphthyl m e thylcarbam a te (aerobic soil m e tabolism anaerobic aquatic studies), 1 naphthyl(hydroxym ethyl)carbam a te (aerobic soil m e tabolism, anaerobic aquatic studies), 1,4 naphthoquinone (aerobic aquatic m e tabolism an aerobic aquatic studies), 4-hydroxy-1-naphthy l m e thylcarbam a te (anaerobic aquatic study), 1,5-na phthalenediol (anaerobic aquatic study), and 1,4-naphthalenediol (anaerobic a quatic study); (hydroxy)naphthoquinone has been identified as a degradate of 1-naphthol. Page 15 of 6 0 2

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Fate and transport data on the prim a r y degradat e, 1-naphthol, are lim ited; however, av ailab l e data in the o p en litera tur e indic a te th at its m obility is highly v a riab le and less than the mobility of carbaryl o n average (K OC range = 56-15,600 L/kg OC ; U.S. EPA, 1980; Burgos et al. 1996). 1 Naphthol is not likely to persist due to fairly rapid degradation. In the op en litera ture, the degradate has been observed to rapidly phot ooxidize (Lam berton, and Claeys, 1970) to below levels of detection in 2 hour s under artificial light (Arm burst and Crosby, 1991). Mihelcic and Luthy observed com p lete degradation of 1-na phthol in dark soil-water system s to below detection lim its in 3 days under aerobic conditions and in 15-16 days u nder anaerobic conditions (1988). Since 1-naphthol can o ccur from a variety of natural and anthropogenic processes, its presence in the environm ent is not ne cessar ily related to carba ryl use. The m ode of action of 1-naphthol is likely different than that of th e parent. In fish, the m ode of action of 1-naphthol has been descri bed as narcosis (type II) (Russom et al. 1997). In plants, 1 naphthol can act as an auxin, whic h is a plant horm one essential to coordination of plant growth. Excessive amounts of auxins can result in inhi bition of growth, leaf drop and plant death. Carbaryl has been detected in surface water, gr ound water, air, and precipitation. Carbaryl has been detected frequently in surface wate r monitoring studies throughout the U.S., and infrequently in ground water m onitoring studies. Surface water m onitoring studies indicate th at residential use of carbaryl is m o re frequently associated with surface water contam ination. Carbaryl detections in air were observed m o re fr equently and generally at higher concentrations at sam p ling locations in urban areas com p ared to agricultural areas (Forem an et al. 2000). Pestic ide co ncentr ation s in f og f o rmed in the v i c i nity of applications ar e often higher than those observed in rain water or surface water. Schom burg et a l (1991) report ed carbaryl concentrations in fog ranging from 0.069 to 4.0 g/L. Potential transport m echanism s of c a rbary l incl ude pesticid e surface water runoff, spray drift, and secondary drift of volatilized o r soil-bound residues leading to d e p o sition onto nearby o r more distant ecosystem s The m a gnitude of pes ticide transp ort via seco ndary drift depends on the pesticides ability to be m obilized into air and its eventual rem o val through wet and dry deposition of gases/partic les and photochem i cal reactions in the atm o sphere. A num b er of studies have docum ented atm o spheric transport a nd redeposition of pesticides from the Central Valley to the Sierra Neva da Mountains (Fellers et al. 2004, Sparling et al. 2001, L e Noir et al. 1999, and McConnell et al. 1998). Prevailing winds blow acr oss the Central Valley eastward to the Sierra Nevada Mountains, tr ansporting airborne industrial and agricultural pollutants into Sierra Neva da ecosys t e m s (Fellers et al. 2004, LeNoir et al. 1999, and McConnell et al. 1998). Therefore, physicochem i cal properti e s of the pesticide tha t de scribe its po tential to en ter the a i r f r om water or soil ( e.g ., Henrys L a w constant and vapor pressure), pesticide use, m odeled estim ated c oncentr ation s in wate r and air, and available air m on itoring data from the Central Valley and the Sierra Nevada Mountains are considered in evalua ting the potential for atm o spheric transpo r t of carba ryl to habita t f o r the BSS. Page 16 of 6 0 2

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Carbaryl has been shown to be transported and deposited by atm o spheric processes (W aite, et al. 1995; Forem a n, et al. 2000; Sanusi et a l 2000). As with all chem icals applied by aerial or ground spray, spray drif t can cause exposure to non-target organism s downwind. Vapor-phase transport and particulate transport may carry a co m pound fa r from the area of application. In the atm o sphere, partitioning between particulate a nd gas phase is a function of tem p erature. Theref ore, atm o spheric transpor t distan ce an d depositio n are f unctions of temperatu r e. I n general, given carbaryls relativ ely rapid degradation and low va por pressure, its potential for short-range and long-range atm o s pheric transport is very lim ited. At this tim e, an appro v ed m odel is not ava ilable for estim a ting atmospheric transport of pesticides and resulting exposure to aquatic or ganism s in areas receiv ing pesticide deposition f r om the a t m o sphere. Potentia l m echanism s of tran sport to th e atm o sphere, such a s volatilization, wind erosion of soil, and spray dr ift, can only be discussed qualitatively for carba ryl. T h e exten t to which carb a ryl will b e deposited from the air to the ac tion area is no t quantitatively known, but expected to be m i ni mal due to carbaryl s relatively rapid degradation and low vapor pressure. 2.4.2 Mechanism of Action Carbaryl is an inse cticid e belong ing to th e N-m e t hyl carbam ate class of p e sticides. C a rbary l is a cholinesterase inhib itor that acts on anim als upon contact and upon ingestion by competing for binding sites on the enzym e acetyl cho lines tera se, thus preventing the b r eakdo wn of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. The prim ary degradate, 1-naphthol doe s not inhibit acetyl choline s te ra se. 2.4.3 Use Characteriz a tion According to the IRED (U.S. EPA, 2004b), carbaryl is nationally registered for over 400 uses in agriculture, professional turf m a nagem e nt, orna m e ntal production, and residential settings. Carbaryl als o is reg i stered for use as a m o squito adulticid e Agricultural uses inclu d e fruit and nut tree, fruit and vegetable, and grain crops. Carbaryl is used by hom e owners in residential settings for lawn care, gardening (vegetables and ornam e ntals), and pe t ca re (p et colla r s, powders, and dips, in kennels, a nd on pet sleeping quarters). Carb aryl also is used by nursery, landscape, and golf course industries on tu rf, annuals, perennials, and shrubs. According to the IRED (U.S. EPA, 2004b), a total of ap proxim a tely 3.9 m illion pounds of carbaryl active ingredient are sold annually in th e U.S.; with about half used in agriculture and half in non-agricultural se ttings (per 1998 data). The a m ount of carbaryl usage in agriculture has declin ed form an averag e of 1.9 m illion pounds of active ing r edien t per year from 1992 through 2001, to 1 to 1.5 m illion pounds of active ing r edient in 20 01. Figure 1 depicts the extent of estim ated annual agricultural carbaryl use nati onally as of 2002, indicat ing that a total of 2,440,288 pounds of carbaryl were applied annually (USGS, 2007). The highest usage by weight (646,072 lbs) occurred on hay. Pecans (373,494 lb s) and apples (342,293 lbs) represented the second and third highest usag e of carbaryl by weight. Page 17 of 6 0 2

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Fig u re 1 Histo r ica l E x t e nt (2 002 ) of ca rbary l usag e (U SGS, 20 07) Data regarding non-agricultural usage are lim ited. Data were not found that indicate how m u ch carbaryl is usually applied in nonagricultural areas, when it is applied, and at what interval. Analysis of labeled use infor m ation is the critical first step in evaluating the federal action. The curren t label for carbaryl rep r esen ts the F I FR A regulatory action; ther efore, labeled use and applic ation r a tes spec if ie d on the label f o rm the basis of this assessm ent. The assessm ent of use inf o rm ation is critical to th e deve lopm ent of the action are a and selec tion of appropr ia te modeling scenarios and inputs. Based on a quantitative usage an alysis based on survey data from 1992 2001, the crops with the largest num b er of acres tr eated and pounds of carbaryl active ingredient (a.i.) applied in Texas are: cantaloupe, cotton, gr ap efruit, oats/rye, pastu r e, peaches, pecans, rice, sorghum, squash, sugar beets, tom a toes, waterm elon and wheat This analys is do es not reflect the d e cline in the usag e of carbaryl repo rted by the reg i s t ran t 1 since 2002 becau se of the av ailab i lity of alte rnative p e sticides in the m a rket n o r does th e analys is r e f l ect m itiga tio n im posed by the 200 4 Inter i m Reregistration Eligib ility Decision ( I R ED). Mitigation inc l u d ed the can cellation of pet uses excep t flea collars, cancellati on of aeria l ap plica ti ons of granular and bait form ulations to corn, grain sorghum alfalfa, rice and sunflowers; cancellation of use on succulent, shelled beans 1 Bayer Cro p Scien ce. 20 05 Carb aryl: Th e Po ten tial Risk t o Am phi bi a n s T h e B a rt o n S p ri ngs C a se. Un p ubl i s hed rep o rt su bm i t t e d t o t h e U. S. E nvi ro nm ent a l Prot ect i o n Age n cy 10/ 28/ 20 0 5 Page 18 of 6 0 2

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and peas (subgroup 6B); re duction in the m a xim u m application rate from 7.5 to 5 lbs a.i./A to the citrus crop grouping; cancellation of the use on wheat; cancellation o f the use on proso m illet, and cancellation of the direct a pplication of carbaryl to poultry and treatment of poultry houses. 2.5 Assessed Species A brief introduction to the Barton S p rings salam a nde r, in clu d ing a sum m a ry of habitat, diet, and reproduction data relevant to this endangered species risk assessm ent is pr ovided below. Further inform ation on the status and life history of the Barton Springs sala m a nder is provided in Appendix D The Barton Springs salam a nder, shown in Figure D.1 of Appendix D is aquatic throughout its entire life cycle. As mem b ers of the Plethodontidae fam ily (lung less salam a nders), they retain their gills when sexually m a ture and eventually reproduce in freshwater a quatic ecosy stem s. The available inform ation in dicates that the Barton S p rings sala m a nder is re stricted to th e imm e diate vicinity of the four spring outlets th at m a ke up the Barton Springs com p lex ( Figure 2 ), located in Zilker Park near downtown Austin, Texas. Ba sed on salam a nder survey results conducted by the City of Austin, Barton Springs salamanders appear to prefer areas near the spring outflows, with clean, loose substrate for cover, but m a y also be found i n aquatic plants, such as m o ss. I n addition to providing cover, m o ss and other aquatic plants harbor a variety and abundance of the freshwater inverteb rates that sala m a nders e a t. T h is spe c ies h a s one of th e sm allest ranges of any vertebrate species in N o rth Am erica (Chippindal e, 1993). The Barton Springs segm ent of the Edwards Aquifer (BSSEA) and its contributing zone supply all of the water in the springs that m a ke up the Barton Springs com p le x. Flows of cl ean spr i n g water are essential to m a intaining well-oxygen a ted water n ecessary for sala m a nder respiration and survival. The subterranean com p onent of the Barton Spring salam a nders habitat m a y provide a location for reproduction (USFWS, 2005); ho wever, little is known about the reproductive biology of the Barton Springs salam a nder in the wild. It a ppears that salam a nders can reproduce year-round, based on observations of gravid fe males, eggs and larvae throughout the year in Barton Springs (USFW S 2005). Survey results indicate that Ba rton Springs salam a nders prefer areas near the spring outflows, with clean, loos e substrates for cover, but the salam a nders m a y also be associated with aquatic plants (especially m o ss). In addition to providing cover, moss and other aquatic plants harbor a variety a nd abundance of the salam a nders prey, i.e ., freshwater invertebrates. Page 19 of 6 0 2

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Fi gure 2. B a r t on Spri n gs C o mpl e x ( f r o m Hauw er t et al ., 2004). Circl es represent s p ring l o cations. 2.6 Action Area It is recognized that the overall action area for the natio nal registration of car baryl uses is likely to encom p ass considerable portions of the Unit ed States b a sed on the larg e array of uses. However, th e scope of this ass e ssment lim its c onsideration of the overa ll action a r ea to those portions that m a y be applicable to th e prote c tion of the Barto n Springs sa lam a nder f r om potentia l direct and indirect toxic effects of carbaryl and from potential a dverse effects on its habitat, as they occu r within th e h ydrogeol ogic fram ewor k of Barton Spri ngs. D e riving the geographical extent of this portion of the action area is the product of consideration of the types of effects carbaryl m a y be expected to have on the envir onm ent, the carbaryl exposure levels that are associated with those effects, and the best av ailable inform ation concerning the use of carbaryl and its fate and transport within Barton Springs. Unlike exposure pathways for most aquatic or ganisms, where p e sticides are potentially transpo r ted via surface water to the recepto r w ithin a d e fined watersh e d, the Barton Spring s salam a nder resides in a som e what unique envi ronm ent in which the water and the carbary l reaches th e salam a nder via subs urface flow. Th e Barton Springs salam a nder is kno wn to inh a bit only four springs and associated pools and subterranean areas in the aquifer itself (USFWS, 2005). Thus, the fate and transport of carbaryl is an im portant factor in defining the action area for the Barton Springs salam a nder. The fate profile (see Section 2.4.1 ) indicates why runoff from treated fields, transported in ground water th at flows through the fractured lim estone of the Edwards Aquifer, is considered the principal ro ute of exposure for the salam a nder. Thus, the action a r ea f o r this ass e ssm ent is prim arily de fined by those areas w ithin the hydrogeologic watersh ed that d i sch a rge to th e springs. Figure 3 depicts the extent of the action area based on this hydrogeologic fram ework. Page 20 of 6 0 2

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Fi gure 3. Acti on Are a for C a rb aryl as i t Rel a tes to the B a rt on Spri n g s Sal a m a nder Barton Springs, located in Zilker P a rk near down town Austin, Texas is an aquifer-fed system consisting of four hydrologically connected springs : (1) Main Springs (also known as Parthenia Springs or Barton Springs Pool); (2) Eliza Springs (also known as the Elks Pit); (3) Old Mill Springs (also known as Sunken Garden or W a lsh Springs); and (4) Upper Barton Springs (Pipkin and Frech, 1993) (See Figure 2 ). Collec tiv e f l ow f r om this group of springs represents the fourth largest spring system in Texa s (Brune, 1981). The springs are fed by the Barton Springs Segm ent of the Edwards Aquif e r (BSSEA). During high f l o w condition s the surf ac e water f l ow from Barton Creek m a y enter the Barton Springs Pool if it o v ertops the da m at the u pper end of the pool. However, because su rface water flo w from Barton Creek into the poo l system is diverted v i a a bypass channel upstream from th e m a in pool to lim it the input of surface wate r from Barton Creek, this is not expected to be a significant so urce of water in the areas where the salam a nder resides. Thus, ground water quality is the prim ary de term inant of exposure for the salam a nder. Flow to the Barton Springs is controlled by the geology and hydr ogeology of the Barton Springs Watershed, which is divided into three hydrogeologic zones. These are, from west to east, the Contributing Zone (683 km 2 ), the Recharge Zone (233 km 2 ), and the Artesian Zone. Som e have Page 21 of 6 0 2

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sub-divided the Recharge Zone further in to th e Recharge and Transition Zones ( Figure 3 ). The BSSEA is com p rised of the Rech arge and Artesian zones (401 km 2 ) O f t h e s e z o n e s t h e Contributing and Recharge Zones have the greate st and m o st direct influence on Barton Springs. The Artes i an Zone does not contribute sub s urface flow to the sprin g s (Slade et al ., 1986, Hauwert et al ., 2004). Therefore, the Contributing Z one and Recharge Zone (including the Transition Zone) comprise the ac tion ar ea f o r carba ryl a s it re la tes to the Bar t on Springs salam a nder. A m o re detailed description of the geology and hydrogeology of these zones is provided in Section 3.2.2. Num e rous geological and gr ound water studies (Slade et al. 1986, Hauwert et al. 2004, Lindgren et al. 2004)) have been conducted that define the extent of the area contributing water to the Barton Springs. The Contribu ting Z one includes six creek s (Barton, W illiam s on, Slaughter, B ear, L ittle Bear, and Onion Creeks) that drain the wa tersheds and are m a intained by spring flow from the Trinity aqu i fer. These cr eeks flow toward the Recharge Zone across the boundary of the Edward s aquifer. In the Rech arge Zone, th e creeks flo w over the surface of th e highly fractured and weathered li m e stone of the Edwards aquifer and rapidly infiltrate through the faults, caves, and sinkholes characteristic of a karst aquifer system. The Trinity aquifer is juxtaposed at depth against the Edwards aquifer and likely discharges into the Edwards aquifer, but this represents a m i nor porti on of overall recharge (L indgren et al. 2004). W ithin the Recharge Zone of the BSSEA ground water is rapidly transported toward the Barton Springs with velocities along th e dom i nant flow path of 15 m iles/day, depending on ground water flow conditions (USFWS, 20 05). Based on dye tracer studies, pesticides present within the recharge zone could potentially be transpor ted to the springs on a tim e scale of hours to weeks (Hauwert et a l ., 2004). An evaluation of usage inform ation was com p leted to de te rm ine whether an y or all of the area defined by the Barton Springs W a tershed should be included in the Action Ar ea. Current labels and local use inform ation were reviewed to de term ine which ca rbary l uses could possibly be present within the defined area. These data sugges t that lim ited agr i cultur al and ornam e ntal uses are present within the defined ar ea. Finally, local land cover data (City of Austin, 2003a and b; USGS, 2003) were analyzed and interviews with the local agricultural sector (Davis, 2006; Garcia, 2006; Perez, 2006; see A ppendix B for m o re detail) were conducted to refine the characterization of potential car b a ryl use in th e areas define d by Hays, Travis, and Blanco counties. In addition to carbaryl exposures from contam inat ed surface and ground water, there is potential that transport of carbaryl through spray drift and/or long-range atm o s pheric transport could contribute to concentrations in the aquatic habi tat used by the salam a nder. The environm ental fate profile of carbaryl suggests that long range transport of volatilized carbaryl is very lim ited (see Section 2.4.1 ). However, the available m o nitoring da ta suggest that long range transport of volatilized carbaryl cannot be precluded as a possi ble route of exposure to non-target organism s The Agency does not currently ha ve quantitative m odels to addres s the long range transport of pesticides from application sites. Therefor e, the extent of the Action Area that could hypothetically be influenced by this route of expos ure is uncertain but exp ected to be m i ni m a l. Page 22 of 6 0 2

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Based on th e availab l e infor m ati on on potential carbaryl use sites, non e of the stre am s in the watersheds that are within the rang e of the Bart on Spring salam a nder could be excluded from the action area. Therefore, the portion of the carba ryl action area assess ed here includes the area within the boundaries of the watersheds that contain the Barton Springs salam a nder. Figure 3 depicts the action area graphically. 2.7 Assessment Endpoints and Measures of Ecological Effect Assessm ent endpoints are defined as explicit expressions of the ac tual environm ental value that is to be protected (U.S. EPA 1992). Selection of the assessm ent endpoints is based on valued entities ( e.g ., Barton Springs salam a nder), the ecosystem s potentially at risk ( e.g Barton Springs), the m i gration pathways of carbaryl ( e. g ., runoff), and the routes by which ecologica l recep tors are exposed to carbaryl-related con t amination ( e.g ., direct contact). Assessm ent endpoints for the Barton Springs sala m a nder include direct toxic effects on the survival, reproduction, and growth of the salam a nder it self, as well as indire ct effects, such as reduction of the prey base and/or m odification of its habitat. Each assessm ent endpoint requires one or m o re m easures of ecological effect, wh ich are defin e d as ch ang e s in the attributes of an assessm ent endpoint itself or change s in a surrogate entity or attribute in response to exposure to a pesticid e. Specific m easures of ecological ef fect are evaluated based on acute and chron i c toxic ity inf o rm ation f r om registrant-subm itted gui deline te sts tha t a r e perf orm e d on a lim ited num b er of organism s. Given that r e gistrant-su b m itted am phibian toxic i ty tes t s a r e not availab l e f o r this asse ssm ent, it is assum e d that f i sh and aquatic-phas e am phibian toxicitie s a r e sim ilar. Birds are generally considered as surrogates fo r terrestrial-phase am phibians; however, Barton Springs salam a nders are neotenic ( i. e ., retain gills throughout their lives) and are aquatic-phase am phibians. Consequently, fish are used as a surrogate for amphibian/salam anders, in accordan ce with guidan ce specified in the Agen cys Overv i ew Document (U.S. EPA, 2004). Specific assessm ent endpoints and m easures of ecol ogical effects considered in this assessm ent are defined in Table 3 Additional ecological effects data fr om the open l iterature, as identified by ECOTOX, were also considered. T a bl e 3. Sum mar y of Asses s ment E ndp oi nts an d Meas ures of E c ol o g i cal E ffec t Assessme n t Endp oint M e asures of E c o l og ica l E f f e ct 1 Su rv i v al, gr ow th, an d r e pr odu ctio n of Bar t o n Spri n g s sal a m a nde r i ndi vi d u al s vi a di rect e f f ect s 1a. R a i n bo w t r o u t ac ut e LC 50 1 b Br ook trout ch ron i c NOAEC 2 Su rv i v al, gr ow th, an d r e pr odu ctio n of Bar t o n Spri n g s sal a m a nde r i n di vi d u al s vi a i ndi rect effect s on p r ey ( i.e. freshwater inve rtebrates ) 2a. W a te rflea acute EC 50 2b. Waterflea chronic NOAE C 2c. Ac ut e EC / L C 50 data for freshwater inve rtebrates that are p o t en tial foo d ite m s for the Barton Spring salam a n d e r 3 Su rv i v al, gr ow th, an d r e pr odu ctio n of Bar t o n Spri n g s sal a m a nde r i n di vi d u al s vi a i ndi rect effect s on ha bi t a t and/ or p r i m ary pr o d u c t i v i t y ( i.e. aq u a tic p l an t co mm u n ity) 3a. N o nvasc u l ar pl a n t ( fres h wat e r al gae) ac ut e EC 05 Page 23 of 6 0 2

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2.8 Conceptual Model 2.8.1 Risk Hypotheses Risk hypotheses are specific assumptions about potential a dverse effects ( i.e ., changes in assessm ent endpoints) and m a y be based on theo ry and logic, em pirical data, m a them atical models, or probability m odels (U.S. EPA, 1998). Fo r this as sessm ent, the risk is s t ressor-linked, where the stressor is the release of carbaryl to the environm ent. Based on the results of the 2004 carbaryl IR ED (U.S. EPA, 2004), and considering the possibility that car baryl has the potential for long-range transport, the following risk hypoth eses are presum ed for this endangered species assessm ent: Carbaryl in ground water, runoff, spray drift and/or atm o spheric deposition from treated areas m a y directly affect Barton Springs salam a nders by causing m o rtality or adversely affecting grow th or fecundity; Carbaryl in ground water, runoff, spray drift and/or atm o spheric deposition from treated areas m a y indirectly affect B a rton Springs salam a nders by reducing or changing the com position of prey populations; and Carbaryl in ground water, runoff, spray drift and/or atm o spheric deposition from treated areas m a y indirectly affect B a rton Springs salam a nders by reducing or changing the com position of th e plant co mmunity in the springs, thus affecting prim ar y productivity and/or cover. 2.8.2 Diagram The concep tual m odel is a graphic repres entation of the s t ructure of the risk ass e ssm ent. It specifies the stressor, release m echanism s abiotic rece iving m e dia, biological recept or types, and effects endpoints of potential concern. The concep tual m odel for the potential effects of carbaryl on the Barton Springs salam a nder is shown in Figure 4 Page 24 of 6 0 2

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Applications of Carbary l Springs Aquatic plants Aquatic invertebrates Aquatic vertebrates Individual s a lamander Reduced survival Reduced growth Reduced reproduction Food chain Decrease in abundance Shift in prey base Habitat integrity Reduced cover Stressor Rece p tors Attribute Chan g e Ground water/ Surface wat e r Source Runoff S p ra y drif t Atm o spheric transport Fig u re 4 Conceptua l Model Depicting Potentia l Risk fr om Carbar yl Use to the B a rton Springs Salamander. The conceptual m odel provides an overview of the expected exposure ro utes for Barton Springs salam a nder within the a c tion area. I n addition to freshwater aquatic vertebrates in clu d ing Barton Springs salam a nders, other aquatic recep tors of concern th at m a y be potentially exposed to carbaryl include freshw ater inve rtebrates and aquatic plants. For fre shwater v e rtebra te and invertebrate species, the m a jor rout es of exposure are considered to be via the respiratory surface (gills) or the integum ent. Direct uptake and adsorption are the m a jor routes of exposure for aquatic plan ts. Dir ect ef f ects to f r e shwater in verteb rates and aquatic plants re su lting f r om exposure to carbaryl could indirect ly affect the Barton Springs sa lam a nder via reduction in food and habita t availability. The availab l e data ind i c a te tha t carb a ryl is no t likely to bioc oncentr ate in aquatic food item s with fish bioconcentration factors (BCFs) of 14x in edible tissue, 75x in visceral tissue and 45x in whole fish (MRID 00159342). Therefore, bioconcentration of carbaryl in salam a nders via the diet is not anticipated to be a concern. Individual Barton Springs salam a nde rs with th e grea test p o tentia l to experien ce direct advers e effects from carbary l use are those that occu r in surface water and / or ground water with th e highest concentrations of carbaryl. Water pa ssing into, and through Barton Springs com e s from ground water in the BSSEA. When Barton Creek fl oods, som e of the surface flow enters Barton Springs Pool; however, during norm a l flow, t h e water from Barton Creek enters a bypass channel upstream from t h e m a in pool a nd does not enter the pool itself. Page 25 of 6 0 2

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The source and m echanism of release of carb aryl in to su rface and gro und water are g r ound application s via foliar spray to agricultu ral site s and on ornam e ntals. Surface water runoff from the areas of carbaryl ap plicati on is assum e d to follow topography, resu lting in direct runoff to Barton Creek and/or runoff to th e recharge area of the BSSEA, where it becom e s ground water that discharges to the Barton Sp rings. Additional pot ential exposure routes include spray drift and atm o spheric transport as a result of volatili zation ; however, thes e are not cons idered to be significan t routes of exp o sure. Spray drift is not a relevant transport p a th way because the sou r c e area for carb a ryl is generally rem oved from the spring system where the salam a nder resides, and the carbary l exposures that r each the springs do so via subsur face flow. Volatilization of carbaryl fro m treated areas resultin g in atm o s pheric transport and even tual deposition is not expected to be a significant r oute of exposure due to the low va por pressure of carbaryl (1.36 x 10 -7 torr a t 2 5 C). At this tim e EFED doe s not have an approved m odel for estim ating atm o spheric transport of pesticides and resulting exposure to aquatic or ganism s in areas receiv ing pesticide deposition f r om the atmosphere. Potential m echanism s of tr ansport of carbaryl to th e atm o sphere, su ch as volatilization, wind erosion of soil, and spray drif t, can only be discussed qualitatively. Given the presence of carbaryl in air and precip itation re ported in m onitoring data it i s pos s i bl e t h at carba ryl is p r esent in a i r and prec ipitation in the Barton Springs area. However, the m a jority of monitoring data f o r car baryl re late to a r eas wi th significantly different use patterns than those found in Southern Texas. In particular, availa ble m onitoring data are generally relevant to California, which has greater use of carbaryl than Texas. Given a lack of appropriate m odeling and relevant m onitoring data, contributions of atm o spheric transport and subsequent deposition of carbaryl to the exposure of the salam a nder are not considered qua ntitativ ely in this assessm ent. Qualitative discussions involving transport m echanism s a nd national monitoring data for carbaryl concentrations in air and precipi tation are discussed in the uncertainty section of this docum ent. 3. Exposure Assessment 3.1 Label Application Rates and Intervals The only labeled carbaryl uses that are expected to potentially result in exposures from runoff to the Barton Springs Salam a nder are uses on peaches grapes, pasture, parks, hom e lawns, and flowers in nurseries and along structural perim e ters as these are the only reported uses of carbaryl in the BSSEA. Table 4 lis ts the per tinen t labe l application inf o r m ation f o r these uses. Page 26 of 6 0 2

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Table 4. Maximum Labeled Use P a tterns of Car b ar yl in the Ac tion Area o f the B a rton Sprin gs Salamander Endangere d Species Ass e ss ment. Use Si te Met h o d of Application Maximum Number of Ap pl i c ati o n s per Year Ma ximum Application Ra te (lbs a i./a cre) Minimum Interval Between Applications (day s) Hom e lawns 1 Gr ou n d 2 9. 1 7 Hom e lawns 1 p a rk s, fl o w ers be ds a r ou n d b u ild i n gs Gr ou n d Not state d 8. 4 Not state d Or nam e nt al s Gr ou n d 4 7. 8 7 Peaches Aerial 2 (pl u s 1 do rm ant ) 4 (5 d o rm ant) 15 Gra p es Aeri al 5 2 7 Past ure Aeri al 2 1. 5 14 1 Use on h o m e lawn s is li m ite d b o t h to 2 applicatio n s at 9. 1 lb s a.i./acre and to an un lim i t e d n u m b e r o f ap p lication s at 8.4 lbs a.i./a cre. 3.2 Aquatic Exposure Assessment This exposure assessm e n t represents an applica tion of the standard ap proach outlined in the Overview Docum e nt (U.S. EPA, 2004) for the hydr ogeologic conditions of the springs, using a com b ination of sim u lation m odeling and m onitori ng da ta c o llec t ed in the BSSEA action ar ea. The Agencys Pesticide Root Zone Mode l (P RZM, v3.12beta, May 24, 2001) was used to provide estim a tes of exposure in the Barton Springs resulting fr om direct transpo r t in runoff water to stream s in the contribu ting zone and resultant recharge and subsurface flow through the fractured lim estone of the Edwards Aquifer. Regionally-sp ecific PRZM scenario s represen tin g both agricultural and non-agricultural use site s were developed following standard m e thodology (U.S. EPA, 2005) to capture the upper bounds of exposure. Available historical m onitoring data from th e spring system s and ground water wells in the action area were evaluated. W h ile of high quality, targeted to th e Barton Springs system and in selected instances targeted to pesticide use a nd single runof f events, the historical monitoring data are likely to m i ss peak conc entrations due to insufficien t sa m p le frequency. Therefore, the monitoring data are usef ul for long duration (annua l average) estim ates of exposure, but they are not considered robust in term s of estim ating acute or interm ediate duration (14-day, 21-day, 30 day, 60-day, or 90-day average) exposures. The highest potential exposure wa s predic ted to occur f r om use of carbaryl on lawns within the recharge zone. The exposure assessm ent yields modeled 1-in-10-year annual average aggregate exposure estim a tes that are one a nd two orders of m a gnitude higher than concentrations seen in the m onitoring data f r o m creeks in the action ar ea and the Barton Spri ngs, respectively, due to the unlike l y assum p tions of sim u ltaneous trea tm ent of all lawns in the action a r ea and of use at m a xi m u m a pplication rates (arbitrarily lim ited at 25 applications per year). 1-in-10-year annual average estim a tes are consisten t with concentra tions observed in the monitoring data when uses Page 27 of 6 0 2

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are m odeled once per y e ar ac ross a l l use are a s, o r when uses are m odeled at m u ltiple tim es per year on a fraction of the possible use areas. 3.2.1 Background The Barton Springs salam a nder resides in a geographically lim ited area defined by a set of spring-fed pools within the City of Austin, Texas. These pools repr esent the total areal extent of the salam a nder, as defined in Sections 2.5 and D.4 of Appendix D The pools are a unique system in that they are f e d via two s ources of water. Su rface water has historically reached th e pool system via overland flow through Barton Cr eek. However, water from Barton Creek is currently diverted near the inflow to the pool system and pr ovides only lim ited input to the pool system during high flow (flood) events. The bul k of the water reachin g the pool system is fed via a series of springs. The springs consist of the Main Spring, Upper Spring, Old Mill Spring, and Eliza Spring; approxim ately 80% of the flow origina t es f r om the Main Spring. All of the springs are fed via subsurface flow originati ng in the fractu r ed lim estone of the Edwards Aquifer, which trends south-southw est away from the pool system Ground water from the fractured lim e stone (karst) is derived from pere nnial ground water flow and via recharge that origin ates from both surface stream s and infiltration of rainfall in th e Barton Springs W a tershed. Therefore, the basic conceptual m o del of exposur e for this assessm ent focuses on the subsurface pathway delivering ground water to the pools via the karst system The hydrogeology of the Barton Springs W a tershed defines the action area (see Section 2.6) of carbaryl use for the Barton Springs salam a nder. Several hydrogeologi c zones define the watershed. From west to east, thes e are the Co ntributing Zone, the Rechar ge Zone (which some divide further into Transition and R echarge zone s), and the Artesian Z one. The relevance and route of exp o sure relativ e to the Barton Springs system is different for each zone and is defined by the hydrogeology of the system The Contributin g Zone and the R echarge Zone contribute the m a jority of the water to the Barton Springs pool system s. Therefore, land use patterns within these zones were considered to determ ine the potential for carbaryl e xposure to the Barton Springs salam a nder. Figure 5 shows the extent of the Barton Springs Watershed. Page 28 of 6 0 2

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Figure 5. H y drologic z o nes of the B a rton Sprin gs W a te rshed. Ground water flow within the Rechar ge Zone is dom i nated by subs urface flow through fractures and solution features of a portion of the lim e s tone Edwards aquifer known as the BSSEA. Num e rous studies have been c onducted th at do cum e nt the n a ture of the subsurface g e ology an d the nature and extent of ground water flow ( Slade et a l ., 1986; Hauwert et a l ., 2004; Mahler, 2005, Lindgren et a l ., 2004). Ground water flow m oves rapi dly from various locations within the recharg e zone to dis c harge at th e spring s, w ith trans it tim e s, m easur ed in dye tracer studies, of hours to weeks following individual precipitation events. The sources of the ground water in the Edwards aquif e r tha t contr i bute to the Barton Springs ar e prim arily in f iltra tion f r o m stream s and creeks that o r ig inate in th e Contribu ting Z one, and recharge resu lting f r om precip ita tio n directly in the Recharge Zone. Slade et al. (1986) estim ated that th e stream s contribute roughly 85% and direct precipitati on roughly 15% of ground wate r to the Barton Springs. The Contributing Zone lies due we st of the Recharge Zone. In this zone, runoff from sites treated with carbary l may be tran sp orted via ov erland flow to surface w a ter stream s and ponds. These stream s also derive som e component of thei r total flow, estim ated at 30%, from the Trinity aquifer as baseflow (Kuriansky, 1990). Carbaryl m a y the n be transported via surface water stream s to the Recharge Zone, where it rap i dly inf iltra t es in to the networ k of karst f r actur es that ultim ately f eed th e Bar t on Springs system Unlik e pestic id es or igina tin g within th e Recharge Page 29 of 6 0 2

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Zone, som e dilution and degradation is expected during this transport process. Ground water flow across the Trinity-E d wards aqui fer boundary is negligible (Lindgren et al ., 2004). Historically, surface water flow thro ugh Barton Creek has contribu ted to the load in g of water, sedim e nt, and contam inants to the Barton Springs pools. However, in the current configuration of Barton Creek relative to the Barton Springs pools, the creek ha s been artificially routed past the pools to ensure that the springs are provid ing the bulk of the recharge to the pools. Occasionally, large p r ecipitation events m a y result in a byp ass of this co nfiguration overflowing of the pool system In general, however, the pools are typically fed by ground water flow through the Recharge Z one of the BSSEA. The Barton Springs system consists of a series of connected pools located within the city lim its of Austin, Texas. The Barton Springs salam a nde r has been found within the fractures (springs) feeding the pool system and within the pools them selves. Each salam a nder location is som e what unique from the other in how exposures are e xpected to interact w ith the salam a nder. Potential exposures to pesticides for salam a nders resid i ng w ithin the f r a c ture system are due to a com b ination of sources of ground water: base flow from the Edwards aquifer and ground water recharge from precipitation events. Thus, salam a nders residing within the fractu r e sy stem of the springs are likely to be exposed to longer-term base flow concentrations of c a rbaryl with occasion a l s horter duration pulses co rrelated with precipitatio n-deriv e d ru noff events transported through the fractures. Figures 6 and 7 present the conceptual m odels of both of these potential exposure pathways. More details on the geology and hyd rogeology may be found in the following section. Finally, a more com p lete description of the Ba rton Springs pool system in which the salam a nder resides is provided in Section D.4 of Appendix D Page 30 of 6 0 2

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Fi gure 6. H y dr oge ol o g i c Cros s Secti o n of the B a r t o n Spri n gs Se gmen t of t h e E d w a rds Aq ui fer and t h e Contribu tin g Z o ne Showin g Dominant Fl ow P a thw ays w i thi n E a ch Hydr oz one (T aken fr om M a hl er, 2 0 0 5 ) Page 31 of 6 0 2

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Figure 7. Conceptu al Mod e l of S u rface and Subs urface Flow within the B a rton Springs W a te rshed. Green B oxes Re pres ent M oveme nt o f Di ss ol ved Car b ar yl Ma s s Contri butin g Z one Rech arge Z one Fra c tu re Flo w Barton Cre e k flo w Barton Spring Surface F l o w Infiltration 3.2.2 Geology/Hydrogeology The Barton Springs pool system lies at the extr em e northern end of t h e BSSEA, which is a portion of a larger fractured li m e stone aquifer system known as the Edwards Aquifer. The Edwards Aquifer is a m a jor sour ce of ground water used for dri nking water and represents a critical source of water necessary to replen is h s u rface water resources for both recreation a l and ecological uses throughout the eastern half of Texas. The Edwards Aquifer is a karst system of li m e stone and dolom ite of Cretaceous age (Slade et al. 1986). The aquifer covers roughly 6,000 square kilom e ters and stretc hes from north of Austin to an area southwest of Sa n Antonio. In general, the physical trend of the Edwards Aquifer (and Barton Springs Segm ent) is south to north, and th e carbonate rocks within the aquifer dip to the east ex cept where brok en by fractures within the Recharge Zone (Slade et a l 1986). The thickness of the aquifer generally increases from north to south a nd is typically 400 to 450 feet thick (Slade et al. 1986). The Barton Springs Segm ent of the Edwards aqui fer extends from the Colorado River of Texas south roughly 20 m iles into Hays County and cove rs 401 square kilom e ters. The Barton Springs Segm ent is separa ted f r o m the res t of the Ed wards Aquifer by a hydroge ologic divide with ground water north of the divide flowing northnortheast towards the Colorado River of Texas and south of the divide flowing south-southwest. In general, th e BSSEA is unco n f i ned in th e Recharge Zone and confined (by the Del Rio clay ) in the Artesian Zone. It discharges at a Page 32 of 6 0 2

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0 3 / 0 1 / 1 9 7 8 0 3 / 2 0 / 1 9 8 0 0 4 / 0 9 / 1 9 8 2 0 4 / 2 8 / 1 9 8 4 0 5 / 1 8 / 1 9 8 6 0 6 / 0 6 / 1 9 8 8 0 6 / 2 6 / 1 9 9 0 0 7 / 1 5 / 1 9 9 2 0 8 / 0 4 / 1 9 9 4 0 8 / 2 3 / 1 9 9 6 0 9 / 1 2 / 1 9 9 8 num b er of springs along the Colorado River and Barton Creek. Discharge into Barton Springs is predom inantly through the Recharge Zone, and, based on hydrograph data, is typically around 35 cubic feet per second (cfs) during low flow peri ods (the m e dian annual m i ni m u m fl ow), but can reach above 120 cfs during high flow condition s ; th e average flow is repor ted to range between 53 cfs (Hauwert et al. 2004) and 56 cfs (Mahler, 2005). H ydrograph data for Barton Springs from the USGS ( Figure 8 ) yields an average flo w of 62 cfs. Slade et al. (1986) estimated that up to 85% of t h e recharg e reaching th e BSSEA was derived from infiltra t ion of the m a in creeks crossing the Recharge Z one. The rem a ining rechar ge is d e rived f r om water in inte r-s tream area s of the Recharge Zone, including from m i nor tributaries and dire ct infiltration of precipitation. Me a n F l o w ( c fs ) for Bar t on S p r i ng s 200 180 160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 Dat e Mean F l ow (cf s ) Figure 8. Fl ow Hydr ograph Da ta fo r Bart on Spring s Hauwert et al. (2004) conducted dye trace studies of the flow system s in the BSSEA between 1996 and 2002. In these studies, the authors attem p te d to discern specific flow patterns within the Recharge Zone using dye tracing, m a pping of the potentiom etric tab l e, water chem istry, local knowledge of geology, and cave mappi ng. Non-toxic dye injection into caves, sinkholes, and wells was used to define the route of gr ound water flow, estim ate flow velocities, and approxim a te trav el tim es. The im portan t f i nding of this stud y relativ e to this asse ss m e nt is tha t travel tim es within the Recharge Z one range fr om hours up to one week for locations in close proxim ity to the spr i ngs (def ined by Travis County), while farther south and west in the recharge zone, travel tim es can in creas e to ap proxim a tely 4 weeks. Figure 9 presents a su mmary of the flow paths defined by this study (Hauwert et a l 2004). Mean Dai l y F l o w (c fs) Page 33 of 6 0 2

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Figure 9. Flow paths withi n Recharge Z o ne of the Barton Springs Segme n t of the Edwards Aquifer (T aken from Mahler 2005; origin ally publishe d i n H a uwert et al ., 2 0 0 4 ) W a ter ge neral l y fl ow s fr om s o ut h w e s t to nor t h e a st. 3.2.3 Conceptual Model of E x posure Given the understanding of the geology and hydr ogeology described above, a combination of modeling and m onitoring data is needed to assess th e potential exposures from carbaryl to the Barton Springs salam a nder. Routes of exposure are dependent on the loca tion of registered use sites f o r car baryl within the ac tion a r ea (d ef ined in Section 2 6 as the Contributing and Recharge Zones), and locations within the pool system (fractures versus pools) where the salam a nder resides. For instan ce, uses which are predom in antly with in the Rechar ge Zone of the BSSEA result in con centration s in water that are likely to reach th e springs v i a direct transp ort th rough the f r actu r es within the karst zon e Uses in th e Contributing Zone result in con cen tra tions in water that are transpo r ted over longer flow path s and are sub j ect to bot h surface and sub-surface Page 34 of 6 0 2

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transpo r t processes. Th e interconnected natu re of the subsurface network in the BSSEA recharge Zone can have a signif i cant influence on m i xing, dilution, storage and degradation of flow (Field, 2004). Because of the lim ited nature of th e availabl e monitoring data both w ithin the sp ring network and in the surrounding ground water a nd surface water, an analysis of potential use sites within the action area is needed. Available agricu ltu ral sta tis tic s, land cover da ta, usage inform ation, and soils d a ta were ev aluated r e la tiv e to the hydrogeologic fram ework described above. This inf o rm ation was used to determ ine th e presense a nd extent of use sites in the Recharge Zone and the Contributing Zone. In orde r to a ddress the p o tential f o r carba ryl exp o sure from use on these s ite s, a su ite of PRZM modeling scenarios was developed for the specif ic agronom ic, soil, and clim a tic data available. As noted above, the action area for the developm en t of the Barton Springs scenarios is com p rised of two primary hydrologic zones (in order of im portance): 1) the Recharge Zone and 2) the Contributing Zone. Spatial da ta containing the hydrozone boundari es were obtained from the Barton Springs/Edwards Aquifer Conservation di strict (ftp://www.bseacd.org/from /HCP Shape Files/). The area s to the east of the Recharge Z one are not considered relevan t to th e asses s m e nt because gro und water flow to the Barton Spring s system com e s either directly fro m transport through the Recharge Zone, which occurs genera lly south to north, or indirectly via the Contributing Zone/Recharge Zone interaction, wh ere flow is dom i nantly w e st to east. Runoff from the recharge zone is assum e d to enter the karst environm ent directly, whereas runoff from the contributing zone is assum e d to mi x with strea m water p r ior to enterin g the k a rs t environm ent of the recharge z one. The long-term average flow volum e in the stream s in the contributing zone was assum e d to be 30% due to aquifer discharge and 70% to runoff, as is consistent w ith Kuniansky (1989). As carbaryl residue travel tim es in ground water m a y be on the order of hours to days, they were assum e d short enough in the surface runoff and ground water of the karst environm ent to neglect degradation in the assessm e nt. Unde r this assumption, carbaryl residues and runoff estim ated by PRZM for all possible use areas were dire ctly com b ined with a background flow and concentration in the aquifer discharge to produc e estim ated environm ental concentrations (EEC) in the Barton Springs to which Barton Springs salam a nders m i ght be exposed. Spray drift and the farm pond EXAMS scenario, both of which are m odeled in standard risk assessm e nts, were not m odeled in th is ex p o sure as sess m e nt due to the a ssum p tions that th e use s ite s in the a c tion area are not adjacent to the springs and that residues in bo th ground water and surface runoff quickly flow to the Barton Springs without degrading. 3.2.4 Existing Water Monitoring Data EFED finalized the Environm ental Fate and Ecol ogical Risk assessm e nt for carbaryl in 2003 (U.S. EPA, 2003). The Carbaryl Interim Rere gistration Eligibility Decision (IRED) was published for comm ent in 2004, and EFED comple ted a response to thos e comm e n ts in 2005 (U.S. EPA, 2005). Since that tim e EFED has obt ained the additional carb aryl m o nitoring data that is summ arized below. Data specific to Texas, as well as th e Barton Springs area are Page 35 of 6 0 2

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described. These data include United S t ates Geological Surveys (USGS) National W a ter Quality Ass e ssm ent (NAW QA) and targe t ed monitoring by USGS of the Barton Springs Watershed. In addition, observed trends in carbary l concentrations in national surface waters are discussed. 3.2.4.1 USGS Data Set from B a rton Springs Area 3.2.4.1.1 Data from Springs The m o st relevan t sampling data f o r this a ssessm ent are those collected from the spring s (reported in Appendix C ). Four s p rings were included in the USGS analysis, including Main Spring, Eliza Spring, Upper Spring, and the Old Mill Sprin g (see Figu re 2 ). All four springs represent the m a in source of infl ow into the Barton Springs pool system with the Main Spri ng providing roughly 80% of overall flow. These sa m p ling locations are consistent with the reported locations of the Barton Springs salam a nder. Carbaryl was detected in sam p les collected from Main Barton Springs and Upper Barton Springs. Carbaryl was n o t detec t ed in sam p les collec t ed f r om Old Mill Springs or Eliza Spr i ngs. The highest detection of carbary l in any of the springs was 0.0657 g/L, which was observed in Upper Barton Springs. A summ ary of the available da ta is located in Table 5 None of the sam p les collected from the 4 springs locations c ontained lev e ls of carb a ryl sufficient to exce ed the LOCs for the salam a nder or for invert ebrates (>12.5 and >0.255 g/L, respectively). Table 5. De te ctions of c a rbaryl in 4 spring sa mpling lo ca ti o n s. Spring Site # S a mpl e s Detec t ion R a t e Sa mpling Dates Ma ximum Concentration ( g/L) Main Bar t on 65 10 .8 % 20 0 0 2 00 5 0. 03 4 7 Up pe r B a rt on 43 11 .6 % 20 01200 5 0 06 57 Old Mill 12 Not detected 20 0 1 2 00 5 0.255 g/L). Page 36 of 6 0 2

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Table 6. De te ctions of c a rbaryl in 8 creek sam p ling l o cations fr om 2000 to 2005. Creek Site # S a mpl e s Detec t ion R a t e Sa mpling Dates Ma ximum Concentration ( g/L) Barto n 71 8 50 .0 % 20 0 2 2 00 4 0. 23 B a rt on C r ee k a b o v e B a rt o n S p ri ngs 13 46 .2 % 20 0 0 2 00 4 0. 30 2 Bear Cree k ne ar Brodie 1 Not detected 2 004
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3.2.4.1.3 Data from ground w a ter w e lls There are a total of 16 sites in and near the action area where wells were sam p led for carbary l ( Figure 14 ). Of a total of 71 sam p les taken du ring 2001-2005 from 16 wells, 1 contained a detectable level of carbaryl (estim ated at 0.008 g/L). Figure 11. Locati on of Gr ound w a ter Monitorin g Sites within the Barton Spri n gs Segme n t. 3.2.4.2 NAWQA d a ta This section discusses trends that have been obs erved in carbaryl con c entr ations in urban areas since the announcem ent of the phase -out of two other insecticides widely used in urban area, i.e ., diazinon and chlorpyrifos. There was speculation that with diaz inon and chlorpyrifos no longer Page 38 of 6 0 2

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available, hom e owners would use more carbaryl, and that carbaryl con centration s in stream s in urban areas would increase. The residential use of liquid broadcast formulations of carbaryl on turf was restricted in 2005 to areas of less than 1000 ft 2 Risk m a nagers concluded that this restriction m a y help reduce potential runoff of carbaryl in urban environm ents; however the labels for granular formulations were not m odi fied. How the carbary l label changes im pact the extent of the area treated and how that would a ffect carbaryl concen trations in urb a n stream s is unclear. The tim ing of the phase-out decisions is impor tant in understanding trends in pesticide concentratio ns in the en vironm en t. On one hand, the date of the announcem ent of a phase out initiates a multi-yea r pro cess stipula t ing a stop s a le date an d som e additiona l tim e for pesticide applicators to use products they have purchased On the other hand, the m a rket and pesticide applicators m a y react quickly to su ch an announcem ent. EPA announced the agreem ent to pha se out and elim inate all residentia l uses of the insecticide d i az in on on December 5, 2000. The terms of the four-year phase-out stipulated that t echnical registrants reduc e the am ount of diazinon produced by 50% or m o re by 2003. As of D ecember 31, 2004, it was u n lawful to sell d i azinon outdoor, non-agricultural products in the United St ates (the stop sale date for all outdoor diazinon hom e lawn, a nd garden products). Accord ing to existing stocks provisions, it rem a ined legal for consum ers to use products bearing labeling that allowed th ese uses after th at date. On June 8, 2000, EPA announced an agreem ent with pe sticide registrants to phase-out and cancel nearly all indoor and outdoor resi dential uses of chlorpyrifos within 18 m onths, effectively elim inating use by homeowners. Re siden tia l us es were res t ric t ed to ce r tif ied. Thos e uses tha t posed the most imm e diate pote ntial risks to children (hom e lawn, indoor crack and crevice treatm ents, uses in schools, parks) were canceled first, e nding as of 12/31/2001. The las t rem a ining residential use, products used for pre-c onstruction term ite control, was cancelled as of Decem ber 31, 2005. Based on the studies described below, the longe r term im pact of the phase-out on carbaryl concentratio ns in urb a n areas is no t clear and m a y vary by region due to differences in pest pressure and perhaps m a rketi ng of different products. Unlik e the clear downw ard trend in concentrations observed within a few years for the phased-out compounds (diazinon and chlorpyrifos), the environm ental outcom e of this registration deci sion m a y take longer to discern. However, based on these available data, there doe s not appear to be a steady upward trend to carbaryl concentrations in urban areas followi ng the phase-out of diazinon and chlorpyrifos. In a poster, Em brey and Moran (2006) summ ar ized data co lle c ted by the NAWQA pr ogram over a decad e in the Puget Sound Basin and inclu d ed data on diazinon and carb a ryl collected in Thornton Creek (King C ounty, WA). During the fi rst cycle, the insecticide diazinon was often detected in sam p les from Thornton C r eek; som e sa m p les were at concentrations greater than 0.1 g/L. Figu re 12 which was taken from the poster, show s a decrease in diaz inon detections and concentrations following the announcem ent of t h e phase out in 2000. There is also an increase in carbaryl detection frequency an d concentrations in the years following the ann ouncem ent of the phase out of diazinon. The data also appear to show that carbaryl concentrations began to decline toward the end of the study period in 2005, rarely exceeding 0.1 g/L. Page 39 of 6 0 2

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Figure 12. Temporal Changes in Surface-w a ter In secticide Concentrations after the PhaseOut of Diazinon and Chlorpyrifos (Embrey and Moran, 2006). A recently p ublished p a per by USGS scientists evalua ted trends in con c entrations of carbaryl in the Northeast and Mid-West after the phase out of diazinon and chlorpyrif os, insecticides in urban env i r o nm ents (Ph illips et a l ., 2007). They com p ared concentrat ions of these pesticides in sam p les collected from 20 stream s by the USGS between 1992 and 2004 and determ ined that 16 of these s t ream s m e t criteria es tab lished for a ssessing trends of carbary l in urban stream s Sam p le collection and analys is followed st an dard NAWQA procedures for co llection and analysis. Using seasonal step trend analysis they evalua ted th e data to id e n tif y trends in summer, fall/winter, and winter/spring. Results show ed a decrease in diazinon and chlorpyrifos concentrations following the annou ncem ent of the phase out in 2000. In contrast, trends were not observed in carbaryl concentrations in these regions during th e sam e tim e period. 3.2.5 Modeling Approach Standard Approach f o r Water Body Modeling. OPPs standard approach for conducting modeling in support of ecological risk assessm ent assum e s that 100% of a 10-hectare field is covered by the relevan t use and th at a standard water bod y adjacen t to the field receives the edge-of-field runoff and spray drift. The standa rd water body is of fixed geom etry and includes processes of degradation and sorption expected to occur in ponds, canals, and low order stream s ( e.g. first and second order stream s), but with no flow through the system Modeling scenarios for the 10 -h ectare field are linked w ith m e teorological data to repres ent use sites in areas tha t are highly vulnerable to runoff, erosion, or spray drift. Runoff a nd sp ray drift estim ates predicted by PRZM (v3.12beta, May 24, 2001) are linked to the Exposure Analysis Modeling System (EXAMS v2.98.04, Jul. 18, 2002) using a graph i cal u s er interface or sh ell (PE4v01. pl, Aug. 13, 2003) to yield 1-in-10-year estim a ted environm ental concentrations (EEC). The Approach for Ba rton Spring s Modeling. Because o f the unique geology an d locationspecific focus of the Barton Spring s assessm ent, an approach was taken that incorporated th e Page 40 of 6 0 2

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specific hydrology of the area in an effort to m a ke the m ode ling approach m o re relevant than the standard m o deling approach that the Agency uses for m o re generic na tio nwide assessm e nts. A brief description of the S p rings salient features are given here. The Barton Springs are supplied predom inantly with water discharging from fractures and conduits form ed in the Barton Springs Segm ent of the Edwards Aquifer (BSSEA) a s a result of dissolu tion of the f r actu r ed lim eston e aquif e r ov er tim e. Approxim a tely 85% of the water th at recharges th is aquifer infiltrates through the beds of six creeks that cross the rech arge zone (Slade et a l ., 1986; Barrett and Charbeneau, 1996), with the rem a ining approxim a tely 15% of the recharge derived from precipitation and rech arg e in in terbed areas in th e rech arge zone. In the BSSEA, nat u ral ground water discharge occu rs prim arily at Barton S p rings (Lindgren et al ., 2004). Recharge features in creek bottom s overlyi ng the recharge zone allow only a lim ited flow of water during a storm event; theref ore, water th at is in e x ce ss of the flow capacities of recharge features leaves the recharge zon e as creek flow. The contributing zone en co mpasses the watersheds of the upstream portions of the six m a jor creek s that cross the Recharg e Zone, and therefore p r ovides the s ource for most of the water that will enter the BSSEA as recharge. Thes e stream s gain water, as th ey flow acro ss the la nd s u rface in the contributin g zone, from the lowerperm eability Glen Rose lim estone of the Trinity aquifer (Lindgren et al ., 2004). Kuniansky (1989) estim ated baseflow discharge from the Trin ity aquifer to stream s and creeks in this area ranging from 25% to 90% of to tal flow. In the portion of the Trinity aquif e r near est the contributing zone this was loosely estim ated at 30%. The rem a inder of water in creeks in the contributing zone is derived fr om precipitation and runoff. The conceptual m odel attem p ts to capture the m o st im portant aspe cts of this unique hydrology. In th is regar d, the n a tur e of the con t ribu ting zo ne and the recharge zon e are distinguished and treated separately. Runoff from the recharge zone is assum e d to enter the karst environm ent directly, whereas runoff from the contributing zone is assu m e d to m i x with stre am water prio r to entering the karst environm ent of the recharge z one. The long-term average flow volum e in the stream s in the contributing zone was assum e d to be 30% due to aquifer discharge and 70% to runoff, as is consistent w ith Kuniansky (1989). Che m ical masses (loading) and vo lum e s of runoff were produced in d a ily tim e se ries f o r ea c h zone of the action area in this ass e ss m e nt usi ng the m odel PRZM and input scenarios that were developed specifically for the orchards, nurseries rangeland, residential areas, parks, and other areas found in the Barton Springs Salam a nder action area (see Section 3.2.6 and Appendix B ). Rangeland and pasture uses were modeled with the rangeland scenario. Uses on peaches an d grapes were m odeled with the orchard scen ar io. Use on parks was m odeled with the turf scenario. U s es on hom e lawns and perim e ter f l ow er beds were m odeled with the residential scenario. And ornam e ntal flower uses were m o de led with the nursery s cenario. Daily chem ical loadings in runoff in the contributing zone were diluted w ith aquifer discharge and com b ine d with the loadings in runoff in the recharge zone to estim ate daily exposure in the Barton Springs. Sim ilar to the Agencys standard ecological risk assessm ent m e thodology described above, 30 years of m e teorological data for th e Austin are a were used in these spe c if ic scen ario s to estim a te 1-in-10-year exposure from the daily con centration values in the Barton S p rings. Page 41 of 6 0 2

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A summ ary of the potential carb a ryl use areas is pres ented in Table 7 The area of nurseries (3.25 acres) in the action area was investigated using a variety of sources (see p. 11 of Appendix B ). The total area of rangeland, vineyards, a nd orchards m a y be up to 34,200 acres, 56.7 acres, and 7 acres, respectively (USGS, 2003). T h e to tal area of parks, residential areas, and commercial areas m a y be as m u ch as 5,680 ac res, 105,000 acres, and 4,150 acres, respectively (COA, 2003). Hom e lawns and perim e ter flower beds in residential an d commercial areas were assum e d to account for only 70% and 4.4% of land cover, respectively. The area where no use occurs (non-use area), accounts fo r the rem a inder of the action area. T a bl e 7. E x te nt of P o ten t i a l C a rb aryl Use Are a s i n the Acti on Are a o f t h e B a rt on S p ri ngs Se gme n t of the Edwards Aquifer (BSSEA), ex presse d in acres (perce ntage of BSSEA ac ti on are a ) (USGS, 2003; COA, 2003). Use P a ttern PRZ M Scenari o Area (acres ) Area in Contribu tin g Z o ne (acre s) Area in Rech arge Z o n e (acres ) O r n a m e n t als N u r s er y 3 2 5 (0 .00 144%) 0 5 ( 0 .000 3 % ) 2 7 5 (0 .00 477%) Peaches Orc h ard 7 (0.00297% ) 7 (0.00297% ) 0 V i n e yard s O r ch ard 5 6 .7 (0 .02 4 1 % ) 4 8 .2 (0 .02 0 5 % ) 8 5 1 (0 .00 361%) R a ngel a nd an d past ure R a ngel a nd 34 ,2 0 0 (1 4. 5% ) 26 ,2 0 0 (1 1. 1% ) 79 8 0 (3 .3 9% ) Park s Tu rf 5 680 ( 2 .37 % ) 2 110 ( 0 .876 %) 3 580 ( 1 .49 % ) Hom e lawns a n d fl owe r bed s 1 Resid e n tial, Im pervio us 10 5, 0 0 0 ( 4 3. 5 % ) 80 ,3 0 0 (3 3. 4% ) 24 ,2 0 0 (1 0. 1% ) C o m m e rci a l fl owe r be ds 1 Resid e n tial, Im pervio us 4 150 ( 1 .73 % ) 2 340 ( 0 .975 %) 1 810 ( 0 .752 %) No nuse area R a ngel a nd 90 ,4 0 0 (3 8. 4% ) 68 ,1 0 0 (2 8. 9% ) 22 ,4 0 0 (9 .5 0% ) (B SSE A T o t a l s ) -23 5, 0 0 0 ( 1 00 %) 17 9, 0 0 0 ( 7 6. 0 % ) 56 ,4 0 0 (2 4. 0% ) 1. Areas r e flect residential and commercial areas of which o n ly a fraction ac counts for the use pattern s. Model outputs were refined to reflect the actual use ar eas, as des c ribed in Appe ndix E Determination of Runoff Concentrations and Volume. As described previously, the contributing zone and the recharge zone are treated differently. Calculations for the contributing zone are described first and these are followe d by calculations for the recharge zone. Contributing Z o ne. This assessment uses the long-term average stream flow inform ation to calcu late an approxim a te average d a ily s t ream flow in the contributing zone. Because the ratio of runoff flow to base stream flow was estim ated to be 70:30, estim a ting the long-term (30 years sim u lated) runoff flow e n ables an estim ate of th e long-term average stream flow. The long-term runoff volum e was calculated for each of th e scenarios in Table 7 using PRZM and the respective areas within the cont ributing zone. The cum u lative runoff volum e for the contributing zone was calculated acco rding to V CZ n V CZi t ( 3.1 ) t 1 i Page 42 of 6 0 2

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where V CZ = 30-year sim u lated cum u lative runoff volum e [volum e ] V CZi,t = the runoff volume for scenario i on day t in the contributing zone [ volum e] n = num ber of days in simulation The estim a ted daily aquifer-drive n base flow in the stream s w ithin the contributing zone w a s calculated from the 70:30 ratio as given by Kuniansky (1989): V base V CZ 0 30 ( 3.2 ) n 0 70 where V base = the long-term average daily aqui fer-driven stream volum e [volume] Daily runoff volum e was calculated by a dding the daily runoff flows as follows: V CZ t V CZi t ( 3.3 ) i where V CZ,t = the total runof f volum e on day t in the contributing zone [volum e ] Daily stream volum e was calculated by adding the base stream flow to the daily runoff volume as f o llows: V stream t V CZ t V base ( 3.4 ) where V strea m ,t = the total stream volum e on day t in the contributing zone [volum e ] Because PRZM calcu lates m a ss per unit area, th e concentration in runoff in the con t ributing zone was calculated directly f r om the PRZM out put and the area of the scenarios (see Table 7 for areas ) as follows: M CZi t C CZ t i ( 3.5 ) V CZ t where C CZ,t = the concentration in runoff across the contributing zone on any day t [m ass/volum e ] M CZi,t = the m a ss of carbaryl in runof f in the cont ributing zone for scenario i on any day t [m ass] Daily strea m concentra tions were c a lculated f r o m the PRZM output, th e area of the scenario, th e stream base flow, and the averag e ba se f l ow concentra tion a s f o llows: C CZ t V CZ t C base V base C stream t V stream t ( 3.6 ) Page 43 of 6 0 2

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where C strea m ,t = the concentration in contributing z one stream s on any day t [m ass/volum e] C base = the average con c entration m onitored in base flow [m ass/volum e] Note that the background concentration in base flow was as sum e d to be 0.008 g/L. This is a conservative estim ate from the non-targeted m o nito ring data, in which carbaryl was detected (at this concentration) in 1 of 71 ground water samples in th is r e gion. Also, carbary l is expected to hydrolyze readily in matrix flow u nder karst c onditions (h alf-life of 3.2 hours at pH 9), which underlines the conservatism of this estim ate. The above calculated stream volum e (V strea m ,t ) in Eqn. 3.4 along with its associated co ncentration (C strea m ,t ) in Eqn. 3.6 are assum e d to be delivered to the r echarge zone where they will m i x with recharge zone runoff as described next. Recharge Z o ne. Runof f origina ting in the recha r ge zon e wa s dete rm ined in a sim ila r m a nner as for the contributing zone: V RZ t V RZi t ( 3.7 ) i where V RZ = runoff volum e on day t in the recharge zone [volum e] V RZi,t = the runoff volume for scenario i on da y t in the recharge zone [volum e] The concentration of runoff in the recharge zo ne was determ ined from the PRZM m a ss output (output as m a ss/area), the area rep r esented by the scenario, and the volum e of runoff in the recharge zo ne as follows: M RZi t C RZ t i ( 3.8 ) V RZ t where C RZ,t = the concentration in runoff across the r echarge zone on any day t [m ass/volume] M RZi,t = the m a ss of carbaryl in runof f in the r echarge zone for scenario i on any day t [m ass] Barton Springs Daily Concentratio ns. It is a s s u m e d that th e stre am f l ow f r om the contribu ting area and the runoff from the recharge area m i x a nd flow through the karst and into the Barton Springs. Stream flow that does not ultim a tely pass through the Barton Springs is assum e d not im portant because of the assum p ti on of instant m i xing of carbaryl residues in flow volum e s prior to potential diversion. The discharge in s t ream s that leav e th e action area as a result of larg e precip ita tion events is as sum e d negligible. Ther e f ore, the tota l discha rge produced is determ ined as: V Springs t V stream t V RZ t ( 3.9 ) Page 44 of 6 0 2

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where V Spr i ngs, t = the total flow through the Ba rton Springs on day t [volum e] Using these calculations, runoff fr om the recharge zone provide s 11% of discha rge through the Barton Springs, on average. This is sim ilar to the approxim ation by Slade et a l (1986) and Barrett and Charbeneau (1996) th at 15% of recharge to the Ba rton Springs originates in the recharge zone and 85% originates in the contributing zone. Finally, the concentratio n in the Bar t on Springs is determ ine d f r om : C Springs t C RZ t V RZ t V C stream t V stream t ( 3.10 ) Springs t where C Spr i ngs, t = the daily concentration in Barton Springs [m ass/volume] Daily EECs in th e Bar t o n Springs were pos t-p r o cessed (se e Appendix E f o r deta ils ) in orde r to provide durations of exposure. Peak, 14-day, 21-day, 30-day, 60-day, and 90-day average concentratio ns were calculated acro ss 30 years of daily E E C values. In ord e r to m a tch the standard PR ZM/EXAMS output, th e m a xim u m values for each of the 30 years of daily and rolling averages were ran k ed and the 90 th percentiles from the rankings were selected as the final 1-in-10-year EECs for us e in risk estim a tion. 3.2.5.1 Model Inpu ts The appropriate PRZM input param e ters were sel ected from the current la bels for carbaryl and the environ m ental fate data subm itted by the re gistrant, in accordan ce with EFED water m odel input param e ter selection guidanc e (U.S. EPA, 2002). The use patte rns that m a y result in aquatic exposure, as summarized in Table 4 are listed b e low in Table 8 Table 8. Use patterns for the as se ssment of aquatic e x posure fr om c a rbaryl to the Barton Springs Salamander. Use P a ttern Scenari o Da te of Initia l Application Max. App. Ra te (lbs a i./a cre) Ma x. N o of Ap ps. Application Inter val s (da y s ) Application Met h o d IPSCND 1 Hom e lawns flo w er be ds Residential, Im pervio us Apr. 28 th 8. 3 25 ass u m e d 3 ass u m e d Gr ou n d 1 Park s Tu rf A p r 28 th 8. 3 25 ass u m e d 3 ass u m e d Gr ou n d 3 Pasture R a ngela nd Ap r. 2 8 th 1. 5 2 14 Aerial 3 Or nam e ntals Nursery Apr. 28 th 7. 8 4 7 Gr ou n d 2 Peaches Orc h ar d Sep. 2 5 th 4 2 + 1 do rm ant 15 Aerial 1 Vineyar d s Orc h ar d Apr. 28 th 2 5 7 Aerial 1 1: IPSCND: con d ition for dispos ition o f foliar pesticide af ter har v est. 1 = surface applied, 2 = com p lete removal, 3 = left al on e. Page 45 of 6 0 2

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The deposition of carbaryl in the post-season (term e d IPSCND for PRZM m o deling) was modeled as com p letely rem oved during harvest fo r ornam e ntals. For parks and pastures, this param e ter was m odeled as partially rem oved, with th e rem a ining surface residue undergoing decay on plant surfaces. Foliar res i dues were mode led as surface applied in the p o st-season for peaches, v i n e yards, home lawns, and flower beds. The environm ental fate input param e ters selected are sim ilar to those used in the 2002 carbaryl IRED (U.S. EPA, 2006); no new environm ental fate data were incorporated into this assessm ent ( Table 9 ). Input param e ters relatin g to the EXAMS m odel were unnecessary for th is m odeling approach. Model input report s an d the stepw i se app r oach for processing m odel output are provided in Appendix E Table 9. PRZ M Input P a r a meters. So u r ce Da ta a re in Table 2. Input P a rame ter Value Source Date of Initial Application Peaches: Se p 25 th Othe r use patterns: A p r 2 8 th Current labels an d USDA Cro p Profiles 1 Application Efficiency 2 95% for aerial 99 % fo r gr o u n d In p u t Param e ter G u i d ance 3 CAM Input 2 Active labels Aerobic Soil Metabolism Halflife ( d ay s) 12 M R ID 42 7 8 5 1 01 Koc (L/ k g OC ) 19 8 M R ID 43 2 5 9 3 01 Foliar De gra d a tion R a te 0. 18 7 d -1 MRI D 4 586 050 1 Foliar Was h of f C o e fficient 3. 70 cm -1 U.S. EPA, 2003 1 USDA Crop Profiles information is locate d at: http://p estdata.n c su.edu/cropprof iles. 2 Spray drift n o t in cluded in final EEC du e to proximity of use areas to Bar t on Springs. 3 Inputs deter m ined in accord ance with EFED water m odel inp u t par a meter selecti on guid a nce (U.S. EPA, 2002 ). Spray drift is not consid ered to be a significan t route of exposure becau se the source area for carbaryl is generally removed fr om the spring system whe r e the salam a nder resides, and the carbaryl exp o sures that reach the sp rings do so vi a subsurface flow. Therefore, sp ray drift is assum e d to be negligible. The single availab l e aerobic soil m e tabolism half -life of 4 days was m u l tiplied by 3 to account for potential environm e n tal variability, follow ing current EFED guidan ce for selecting water model input param e ters (U.S. EPA, 2002). Becau se carbary l partitions well to organic carbon the average K OC of three soils (198 L/kg OC ) was used to represent binding to soil and sedim e nt. Registr a nts ubm itted d a ta indica te that c a rba r yl de grad es o n f o liage at a substantially f a ste r rate than the OP P default h a lf-life of 35 d (MRID 45 860501). T h e subm itted data were reviewed an d analyzed (U .S. EPA, 2003; DP 288 376), resulting in a foliar degr adation half-life of 3.71 days which represents an upper 90% confidence bound on the m ean from 30 foliar dissipation studies. Data were also subm itted that suppo rt a revised es tim ate of the foliar wash off coeffi cient, which repres ents th e fraction of chem ical th at washes off with each 1 cm of rainfall. An an alysis of two Page 46 of 6 0 2

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relev a nt s t u d ies ind i ca te s that a was h off coefficient of 3.70 cm -1 is appropriate (U.S EPA, 2003 ; DP 288376). 3.2.5.2 PRZM Scenarios Six PRZM scenarios developed fo r assessm ent of the Barto n Springs Salam a nder were used to m odel application s of c a rbary l: nursery, orchard, rangeland, turf im pervious, and residential. The rangeland scenario was used both as a us e scenario and to provide runoff esti m a tes repres entative of the action area where no carbary l use is expected as it is the scenario th at appears to be m o st representative of undeveloped areas. Each scenario used m e teorological data from a weather station located in A u stin, Texas No weather station closer to th e action area provides th e data required for exp o sure m ode li ng. A discussion of each assessed exposure scenario is provided below. 3.2.5.2.1 Nursery NASS data for 2002 indicate that outside ac re age for rep o rted orna m e ntal crops in Hays and Travis Counties is neglig ible relative to indoor acreage (outside being < 0.1% of the total indoor and outdoor acreage combined). T h e m a jority of acreage f o r nur sery, greenhouse, floriculture, mushroom s, sod, and vegetable seeds in both ye ars and both counties wa s grown under glass or other protection. Three confir m e d outdoor nursery operations re side within the BSSEA (Kathy Shay, perso n al comm unication; And r ea DeLong -Am a ya, personal communication); all three are within the T r avis county portion of the BSSEA. Total outside wholesal e nursery production in the BSSEA is approxim a tely three ac res. For the purposes of m o deling a nurse ry operation in the BSSEA, one of t h e nurseries was used to conceptualize a facility th at is rep r es entative of o n e located w ithin the BS SEA. This nursery was chosen because it had the larges t acreage of th e th ree iden tif ied nu rse r ies in the a c tion are a Communications with a st aff m e m b er were used to param e terize the model. The nursery of interest has indoor and outdoor areas for growi ng and m a intaining plants. Outdoor plants include cacti, annuals, perennials, shrubs, and trees. Outdoor pl ants are m a intained on either weed contro l m a ts or on gravel. Plants are kept in pots of various sizes, ranging from 4 to multiple gallons, depen d ing upon the type of plant kep t within. Irrigation is carried out daily with either hose or sprinkler system s. Plants are m a intained outside year-round, with some becom i ng dorm ant in the winter and som e re m a i n ing green. Spring and fall represent the busies t tim es for plant production and sa le s f o r th is n u rsery (pe r s onal communication w ith nursery em ployee). 3.2.5.2.2 Orchard This scenario is intend ed to represent an or chard that m a y include cultivation of peaches, nectarines o r pecan s. U S DA data for Hays and Travis cou n ties do not includ e harvest data for these crops from 19902007 (USDA, 2007); however the 2002 agricultural census for the two counties includes over 2000 acres of land in or chards (USDA, 2002). Discussions with extension agents in Hays and Travis counties indicated that som e cultivation of peaches and nectarines occurs in the BSSEA specificall y in Hays County (Bryan Davis, personal Page 47 of 6 0 2

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communication). Crop param e ters for this scenar io were chosen to be reflectiv e of a peach orchard in th is are a 3.2.5.2.3 Turf This scenar io is intende d to represe n t turf areas (golf courses, parks, sod far m s, and recreational fields) in th e BSSEA. Brackett so il was chosen to represent tu rf areas in the BSS E A because it is a b e nch m ark soil, is high ly r e presen tativ e of golf course areas in the BSSEA, and it approxim a tely represents the 90 th p e rcen tile of vulnerab i lity in drainage, erodibility, and slope. The Brackett series is in Hydrologic Group C and is found in both the contributing and recharge zones of the Edwards Aquifer. Bracket soil is the m o st common soil found in golf course areas (USDA, 2006; COA, 2003) and the second m o st co mm on wi thin the entire turf land cover class (golf courses, cem eteries, parks, and greenways). The top of the soil pro f ile in the sc enario was modified to repres ent a 2 cm deep layer of thatch 3.2.5.2.4 Rangeland This scen ario is intend e d to r e pre s e n t pes tic id e application on pastures, grassland, and rangeland in the BSSEA. Vegetation is gener a lly dom inate d by grasses, forbs and shrubs. In the BSSEA, rangeland vegetation is a heterogeneous m i xtur e of trees and grasses. Common tree species include: ash juniper (a nuisance species), oaks, hackberry and elm s Grass species including little blue stem side oats gramm a i ndian gra ss, switch grass, king ranc h bluestem ( i ntroduced) and kline g r ass (in t rodu ced) are typ i cal. Thes e areas are com posed of approxim a tely 60-65% trees and 30-35% grasses (Perez, 2006). Although these landcovers contain a significant am ount of tree cover, th is crop was m odeled as a field crop rather than an orch ard. Th is w a s believed to be a conservative approach; however, the or chard s c e n ario th at m a intains 60% tre e co ver yields higher exposure estim ates th an this scenario. The Brackett series was selected for this scenario because it is both highly representati ve of rangeland/pasturel and areas in the BSSEA and because it repres ents the 90 th percentile of vulne rability, d r ainag e ero d ibility, and slope. 3.2.5.2.5 Residential This scenar io is intende d to repres e n t pervious urban/suburban hom e and residential areas in the Barton Springs watershed. Brackett soils were chos en to represent residential areas as they are found in both the contributing and recharge zones and are the m o st common soi l on which residen t ial d w ellings ar e loca ted, accounting for 35% of all soil s in residential areas (USDA, 2006; USGS, 2003). Brackett is a Hydrologic Gr oup C soil, which accounts for approxim a tely 47% of residential soils in drainage. 3.2.5.2.6 Impervious This scenario is intended to be used to m i m i c hydrology of i m pervious portions of residential areas in th e BSSEA. I t relies on the Brackett soil s e ries that was chosen to represent the residen t ial s cenar io in o r der to supp ly the so il param e ters requir e d by PRZM. However, the upper horizon is adjusted to a non-soil nature. Page 48 of 6 0 2

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3.2.6 Aquatic Modeling Results Table 10 presents the 1-in-10-year e xposure estim a tes in the Barton Springs from all relevant use scenarios, both individually a nd aggregated. The aggreg ate es tim ates are not to tals of the 1 in-10-year exposure estim a tes for individual use scenarios, as they are 1-in-10-year estim ates as well. T a bl e 10 1-i n -1 0ye ar B a rt on Spri n gs E E Cs f o r M o de l e d PRZ M Sc enari o s. Use P a ttern Pea k EEC ( g/ L ) 14 -d ay EEC ( g/ L ) 21 -d ay EEC ( g/ L ) 30 -d ay EEC ( g/ L ) 60 -d ay EEC ( g/ L ) 90 -d ay EEC ( g/ L ) Ann u al Avg EEC ( g/ L ) Law n s 53 4 94 .8 70 .4 55 .8 38 .1 25 .4 6. 28 Pasture 23 .0 2. 49 2. 17 1. 65 0. 83 5 0. 55 9 0. 14 3 Par k s 19 2. 38 1. 63 1. 32 0. 85 3 0. 57 1 0. 14 7 Flowe r be ds 1. 33 0. 24 1 0. 18 2 0. 14 5 0. 10 1 0. 07 0 2 0. 02 3 0 Viney a r d s 0. 05 1 1 0. 01 1 9 0. 01 1 0 0. 01 0 1 0. 00 8 84 0. 00 8 44 0. 00 7 54 Nu rseries 0. 02 9 5 0. 01 0 8 0. 00 9 71 0. 00 9 28 0. 00 8 50 0. 00 8 17 0. 00 7 50 Peaches 0.00800 0.008 00 0.00800 0.0 0800 0.00795 0. 00780 0.00738 Ag gre g a t e 1 55 5 97 .4 72 .3 57 .2 39 .2 26 .1 6. 46 1 Ag gre g ate es tim a tes are 1-i n 1 0-y ear valu es that do not sum the above 1-in 1 0 y ear e s tim a tes for individ u al use patterns. The m odeled 1-in-10-year aggregate annual aver age exposure estimates are two orders of m a gnitude higher than concentrations m onitored in the Barton Springs (up to 0.06 g/L). Due to the conse r v a tive assum p tions m a de in the conc eptual m odel ( e.g ., no degradat i on aft e r runoff) and the m o deling of m a xim u m application practices and sim u ltaneous applic a tion, th ese values overestim ate exposure. Use on hom e lawns account s for the m a jority of aggregate exposure because of the assum p tions of application to 70 % of all res i dential areas (30% of the BSSEA) and of 25 a pplications m a de per ye ar (due to no label lim it on the num b er of application s ). If applications to lawns w e re lim ited to once per year, exposure es tim ates would be reduced by approxim a tely one order of m a gnitude ( Table 11 ). T a bl e 11 1-i n -1 0ye ar B a rt on Spri n gs E E Cs f o r Red u ced N u mbers of Ap pl i c ati o n s t o L a w n s. Number of Applications per Year Pea k EEC ( g/ L ) 14 -d ay EEC ( g/ L ) 21 -d ay EEC ( g/ L ) 30 -d ay EEC ( g/ L ) 60 -d ay EEC ( g/ L ) 90 -d ay EEC ( g/ L ) Ann u al Avg EEC ( g/ L ) 2 18 3 21 .4 15 .9 11 .4 5. 71 3. 81 0. 94 3 1 97 .4 12 .8 8. 88 6. 44 3. 23 2. 15 0. 53 6 Page 49 of 6 0 2

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The 1-in-10-year annual averag e EEC (0.536 g/L) from one appl ication of carba ryl to all home lawns in the action a r ea is consis te nt with con centr ation s observed in the m onitoring data f o r creeks in the BSSEA (0.47 g/L) an d within an order of m a gnitude of concentrations observed in the Bar t on S p rings (0.06 g/L). Mu ltip le app l ic a tions of car baryl (25 ap plica tions with a 3-day reapplication interval) on approxi m a tely 10 % of hom e lawns in the actio n area would, likewis e, reduce exp o sure estim a tes (0.652 g/L) to thos e consis tent with m onitored c oncentr ation s ( Table 12 ). Table 13 lists EEC based on single applications to lawns and two applications to pastures with reduced sp atial fraction s T a bl e 12 1 i n -1 0 ye ar B a r t on Spri n gs E E C s f o r Red u ced Sp ati a l Fr acti ons o f Use Area s T rea ted base d on 25 a ppl i c a t i o n s w i th a 3day R e a pplicat ion Int erva l Spa ti al Fr ac ti on of Use Are a s Tre a te d Pea k EEC ( g/ L ) 14 -d ay EEC ( g/ L ) 21 -d ay EEC ( g/ L ) 30 -d ay EEC ( g/ L ) 60 -d ay EEC ( g/ L ) 90 -d ay EEC ( g/ L ) Ann u al Avg EEC ( g/ L ) 50 % 27 7 48 .7 36 .2 28 .6 19 .6 13 .1 3. 23 25 % 13 9 24 .4 18 .1 14 .3 9. 80 6. 54 1. 62 10 % 55 .5 9. 75 7. 24 5. 72 3. 92 2. 62 0. 65 2 T a bl e 13 1-i n -1 0ye ar B a rt on Spri n gs E E Cs f o r Red u ced Sp ati a l Fr acti ons o f Use Area s T rea ted base d on Single ap plicati o ns to lawn s an d tw o ap p l i c ati o ns t o P a stures. 1-i n -1 0 yr EECs Peak ( g/ L ) 21 -d ay ( g/ L ) 60 -d ay ( g/ L ) Ann u al Av g ( g/ L ) No of Ap ps Inter val (d) % treated lawns 24 4 20 .6 7. 33 1. 21 1 n/a 10 0 lawns 12 2 10 .3 3. 67 0. 61 1 n/a 50 lawns 12 .2 1. 03 0. 37 0. 06 7 1 n/a 5 lawns 9. 74 0. 83 0. 30 0. 05 5 1 n/a 4 Pasture 23 .0 2. 17 0. 84 0. 14 2 14 10 0 Pasture 11 .5 1. 09 0. 42 0. 07 5 2 14 50 Pasture 5. 75 0. 55 0. 21 0. 04 1 2 14 25 Pasture 2. 3 0. 22 0. 08 9 0. 02 1 2 14 10 Pasture 13 .6 1. 05 0. 37 0. 06 7 1 n/a 10 0 Pasture 10 .2 0. 79 0. 28 0. 05 2 1 n/a 75 Pasture 6. 81 0. 53 0. 19 0. 03 7 1 n/a 50 Pasture 3. 41 0. 27 0. 09 8 0. 02 2 1 n/a 25 Pasture 1. 36 0. 11 0. 04 3 0. 01 3 1 n/a 10 4. Effects Assessment This assess m e nt evaluates the po te ntia l f o r car baryl to adversely affect the Barton Springs salam a nder. As previously discussed in Section 2.7 assessm ent endpoints for the Barton Springs salam a nder include direct toxic effects on the survival, reproduction, and growth of the salam a nder its elf as well as ind i rec t ef f ects such as reduction of the prey base and/or m odif i cation of its habita t. Direc t ef f ects to the B a rton Springs salam a nde r are based on toxicity inform ation for freshwater verteb ra tes, including fish, which are ge nerally used as a surrogate for Page 50 of 6 0 2

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am phibians, as well as a v ailab l e am phibian tox i city da ta f r om the open lite ratu re. Given tha t the salam a nders prey item s and habitat requirem e nts ar e d e pend ent on th e availab i lity o f freshwater aquatic inv e rtebrates an d aquatic p l ants, toxici ty inform ation for various freshwater aquatic invertebrates and plants is also discussed. Acute (short-term ) and chronic (long-term ) toxicity inf o rm ation is chara c te rized based o n registra nts ubm itted studies and a com p rehensive review of the open literatu re on carbaryl. The availab l e inform ation also ind i cates that aquatic org a nism s are more sensitive to the technical grade (TGAI) than the form ulated products of carbaryl; therefore, the focus of this assessm ent is on the TGAI of carbaryl. Toxicity en dpoints are estab lished based on data generated from guideline stud ies s u bm itted by the reg i stra nt, and f r o m open lite ratur e stud ies tha t m e et the c r iter ia f o r inclus ion into the ECOT OX d a tabase m a i n tained by EPA/Office of Research and Developm ent (ORD) (U.S. EPA, 2004). Ope n literatu re data pres ented in this as sessm ent we re obtain e d from the 2003 carbary l IRED (U.S. EPA, 2004b) as well as inform ation obtained from ECOTOX on De cem ber 14, 2006. The D ecem ber 2006 ECOTOX search included all op en literatu re data for carbaryl and 1 naphthol ( i. e ., preand post-IRED). In order to be included in the ECOTOX database, papers must m eet the following m i nim u m criteria: the toxic effects are related to single chem ical exposure; the tox i c effects are on an aquatic or terr estria l plant or an im al spec ies; there is a b i ological effect on live, whole organism s; a concurrent environm ental chem ical concen tr ation/dose or applicatio n rate is repo rted ; and there is an explicit duration of exposure. Data that pass the ECOTOX screen are evaluate d along with the regis t rant-subm itted data, and m a y be incorporated qualitatively or quantitatively into this enda ngered s p ecies ass e s s m e nt. In genera l, ef fects data in the open lite ratu re tha t are m o re conservative than the registrantsubm itted data a r e cons idered. Toxicity testing repor ted in this se ction is base d on studies using only a fe w surrogate species for freshwater. The assessment of risk or hazard m a kes the assu mption that fish and aquatic-phase am phibian sensitivities to carba ryl a r e sim ilar. Page 51 of 6 0 2

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4.1. Evaluation of Aquatic Ecotox icity Studies for Carbaryl As described in the Agencys Overview Docu m e nt (U.S. EPA, 2004), the m o s t sensitive endpoint for each taxa is evaluated. For this as sessm ent, evaluated tax a relev a nt to the aquatic habitat of the BSS include freshwater fish, fre shwater aq uatic invertebrates, and freshwater aquatic plants. Currently, no guideline tests exis t for frogs. Therefore, surrogate s p ecies are used as described in the Overview Docum e nt (U.S. EPA, 2004). In a ddition, aquatic-phase am phibian ecotoxicity data from the open literatu r e are qualitatively discussed. Table 14 summarizes the m o st sensitiv e ecolo gical toxicity e ndpoints for the BSS, its prey and its habitat, based on an evaluatio n of both the subm itte d studies a nd the open lite ratu re, as previous ly discussed. A brief sum m ary of subm itted and open liter a ture da ta co nsidered re levant to th is ecological risk assessm ent for the BSS is presen te d below. Additional infor m ation is provided in Appendix A. Table 14. Summar y of ac ute and chr o nic toxicity es tim a tes for freshwat er aquatic organism s usi n g technic a l grade c a rbaryl. 1 E s tim a ted NOE C using acute to chr onic r a tio for fathead m i nnow. 2 Esti m a ted NO E C using acute to chronic ratio for Daphnia magn a Acute toxicity to aquatic fish and invertebra tes is categorized using the system shown in Table 15 (U.S. EPA, 2004). Toxicity categories for aqua tic plants have not b een defined. Based on these categ o ries, at most, carbary l is class i fi ed very highly toxic to freshwater fish and invertebrates on an acute exposure basis. Acute Toxicit y Ch ron i c Toxic i t y S p ecies 96-hr LC 50 (mg/L) 48-hr EC 50 (mg/L) Acute Toxicit y (MRID) NOEC / LOEC (mg/L) Affe c t e d Endpoints (MRID) Atlanti c Sa lm on Salmo salar 0.220 -highly tox i c (40098001) 0.0068 1 -Fathead Minnow Pimephales promelas 7.7 --0.21 / 0.68 reduced growth (TOUCAR05) Stonefly Isoroperla grammatica 0.0017 ver y high ly tox i c (400980-01) 0.0005 2 W a ter f l ea Daphnia magna 0.0056 --0.0015 / 0.0033 reproduction (00150901) F r es hwater di ato m Navicula s p p 14-day EC 50 0.66 ---Duckweed Lemna gibb a !4-day EC 50 =1.5 Page 52 of 6 0 2

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T a bl e 15 C a t e gori e s o f Acu t e Toxicity for Aquatic Or ganisms. LC 50 (m g/L) T oxi ci t y Ca te gor y < 0. 1 00 Very hig h ly to xic > 0. 1 0 1. 00 Hig h ly toxic > 1. 0 0 10 .0 M ode rately tox i c > 1 0 0 10 0 Slightly toxic > 1 00 Practically no n t oxic 4.1.1. Toxicity to Freshw ater Fish As previously discussed, no guideline toxicity tes t s cu rrently exis t f o r f r ogs; theref ore, freshwater f i sh are used as surrogate species for am phibians including frogs (U.S. EPA, 2004). The availab l e open literature inform ation on car ba ryl tox i city to aqu a tic -phase a m phibians, which is provided in S ection 4.1.2 shows that acute and chro nic ecotoxicity endpoints for am phibians are generally less sensitive than fish. Therefore, endpoints ba sed on freshwater fish ecotoxicity data are assum e d to be protective of potential direct e ffects to aq uatic-phas e am phibians, including the BSS. A s u mm ary of acute and ch ronic freshw ater fish data, includ ing sublethal effects, is provided below. 4.1.1.1. Freshw ater Fish: Acute Exposure (Mortality) Studies On an acute exposure basis, technical grade (p urity > 90%) carbaryl ra nged in toxicity from highly to slightly toxic (LC 50 = 0.22 20 m g /L) to freshwater fish and to fish that spend a portion of their lif e cycle in f r esh wate r, such as the Atlantic sa lm on ( Salmo salar ). Although the carbaryl IRED (U.S. EPA 2004b) list ed the m o st sensitive fish (A tlantic salm on) as having an 96-hr LC 50 value of 0.25 m g /L, a reanalysis of the ra w data using the PROC Probit procedure of SAS (SAS Institute, Release 9.1.3, Cary, N C ) indicated that th e 96 -hr LC 50 is 0.22 m g /L. Figure 12 shows a cumulative percent fre quency distribution of 96-hour LC 50 values for freshwater fish and demonstrates that for the m a jority ( 78%) of f i sh tested, ca rbaryl wa s moderately toxic (LC 50 range: 1 1 0 m g /L). In genera l, coldwate r species ( e.g ., salm onids) appear to be m o re sensitive to c a rba r yl than wa r m water spe c ies ( e.g ., centrarchid sunfish and bass). Although A tlantic salm on ( Salmo salar ) are used as the m o st sensitive sp ecies (96-h r LC 50 = 0.220 m g /L), they represent an extrem e in the range of sensitiv ities am ong freshwater fish; assum i ng a log-norm a l distribution for the LC 50 values, the m e a n is 1.28 mg/L and the lower 5% co nf idence in terval is 1.23 m g /L. LC 50 valu es f o r the typic a l e nd use products (purity range: 5 to 82%) from 1.4 to 290 m g /L, falli ng in th e m oderately to pra c tic a lly non toxic categories. Toxicity testing of carbaryls hydrolysis degradate 1-naphthol in fish shows that the com pound r a nged from being highly toxic to rainbow trout (LC 50 = 0.75 m g /L) to m oderately toxic to blue gill sunf is h ( L C 50 =1.6 mg/L) on an acute exposure basis (U.S. EPA, 2004b). Page 53 of 6 0 2

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Figure 12. Fr eshwater fish speci es sensi t ivity dis t ributi o n (LC 50 va lues) 4.1.1.2. Freshw ater Fish: Chronic Exposure (Grow t h/Reproduction) Studies Sim ilar to the acute data, chronic freshwater fish toxicity studies are used to assess potential direct effects to th e BSS because d i rect ch ronic toxicity g u ideline data for frogs do not ex ist. Chronic exposure of fathead m i nnows ( Pimephales promelas ) to ca rba r yl re sulted in reduc ed survival and reproductive effects (NOEC = 0.21 0 m g /L) including reduced num b er of eggs per fe m a le and reduced number of eggs spawned. Chronic exposure of fathead m i nnows to 1 naphthol reduced larval growth and survival ( NOEC = 0. 1 m g /L). However, since Atlantic salm on are the m o st sensitiv e sp ecies on an acute exposure b a sis and no chronic tox i city d a ta are available, an acute to chronic ratio was used to estim a te the chron i c toxicity o f carbaryl to Atlantic salmon. Based on the inf o rm ation c ontained in the carbaryl IRED (U.S. EPA, 2004b), the 96-hr acute LC 50 value for fathead m i nnows is 7.7 m g /L. W ith an acute LC 50 of 7.7 m g /L and a chronic NOEC of 0.21, the acute to ch ronic ratio (ACR) for fathead m i nnow is 36.7 (7.7.21). W h en the ACR is applied to the Atlantic sa lm on data, the resultin g estim ated NOAE C is 0.0068 m g /L. 4.1.2. Toxicity to Aquatic-phase A m phibians Available to xicity inf o r m ation on potential ca rbar yl-r ela t e d m o rtality and suble t h a l ef f ects to aquatic-phase am phibians from the open literature is summ arized below in Sections 4.1.2.1 and 4.1.2.2 resp ectiv ely. G u ideline eco toxicity s t ud ies for am phibians are no t available. The m a jority of data available on amphibians focu sed on the aquatic-phase larval (tadpole) stage of frogs. Ca rbaryl ranged from moderately toxic (96-hr LC 50 = 8.4 m g /L) to Southern leopard frogs ( Rana sphenocephalia ) to slig htly tox i c ( 96-hr LC 50 = 12.2 m g / L ) to boreal toads ( Bufo boreas ) on an acute ex posure basis ( Appendix A ). In toxicity testing with form ul ated product (purity = 50% carbaryl was practic ally nontoxic to bullfrogs ( Rana catesbeiana ) with an LD 50 Page 54 of 6 0 2

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greater than 4,000 m g /kg (MRID 00160000). The sens itivity of tadpoles to carbaryl exhibited consider able intra and inte rspec i es variabilit y. Depending on the stage of developm ent, the conditions of exposure, and whic h frog populations were sampled, frog susceptibility to carbaryl varied. For exam ple, the 96-h r L C 50 for green frogs ( Rana clamitans ) roughly doubled when tem p erature dropped from 27 o C (LC 50 = 11.3 m g /L) to 17 o C (LC 50 = 22 mg/L). The U.S. Geological Survey Biological Resource Divisions Colum b ia E nvironm ental Research Center has exam ined the effects of carbary l on amphibians ( Appendix A ). These s t udies have shown that frogs can exhibit considerable intraspecies (Boone and Bridges, 1998) and interspecies (Boone and Se m litsch 2002) variabil ity in th eir response to carbaryl exposure. Genetic factors and stage of developm ent during which exposure too k place can im pact th e vulnerability of frogs. For exam ple, frogs e xposed during egg stage had lower weights than corresponding control anim als an d nearly 18% of leopard frogs exposed to ca rbaryl during developm ent exhibited som e type of developm ental deform ity (including visceral and lim b m a lfor m a tions). Additionally, environm ental cond itions su ch as tem p erature appear to im pact the sens itiv ity of frogs to carbary l. In a 96-hr acute tox i city study, green frogs ( Rana climitans ) had an LC 50 of 22.0 m g /L at 17 o C but at 27 o C the LC 50 was roughly half (96-hr LC 50 = 11.32 mg/L) (Boone and Bridges, 1998). Furtherm ore, in studies com p aring the direct toxic ity of carba ryl to Southern leopard frogs ( Lithobates sphenocephala form erl y Rana sphenocephala ) and fish, tadpoles were relatively tole rant (96 hr LC 50 = 8.4 m g /L) to carbaryl com p ared to bluegill sunfish (96-hr LC 50 = 6.2 mg/L), fathead m i nnow (96-hr LC 50 = 5.21 m g / L ) and rainbow trout (LC 50 = 1.88 mg/L). The study also reports the 96-hr LC 50 (12.31 m g /L) for the boreal toad ( B u fo boreas ); these data suggest that the surrogate fish species used to ev aluate the toxicity to ca rbaryl are protective for am phibians (Bridges et al ., 2002). Several studies have suggested that carbaryl exposure im pairs pr edator avoidance behavior in frogs (Bridges, 1997; Bridges, 1999), affects the length of tim e re quired for tadpoles to com p lete m e ta m o rphosis into adu lts (Boone and Sem litsch 2002), and affected the weight of ani m als undergoing m e ta m o rphosis. Carbaryl concentrations greater than 3.5 m g / L significantly affected the tim e tadpoles spent being active where contro l anim als exhibited greater sprint speeds and were able to swi m greater dis t ances (Bridges, 1997). Slower swi m m i ng speeds, alter e d activ ity patterns and prolonged juvenile st ages have been suggested as increasing the vulnerability of frogs to predation (Bridges, 1997; Bridges, 1999; Relyea and Mills, 2001) and/or that the threat of predation renders the anim als m o re suscep tib le to the d i re ct toxicity o f carbaryl (Relyea and Mills 2001). W h ile the Relyea and Mills paper indi cates that carbaryl wa s 2 to 4 tim e s m o r e letha l to g r a y treef rogs ( H y la vers i c o lor ) in the presence of a pr edator, the study is confounded by the poten tia l ef f ects o f water quality on m o rtality ( Appendix A ). Additiona lly inc r eased v u lnerab ility to pr edation assum e s that only the pre y are in capa c ita ted b y carbaryl. T h e Bridges (1999) study indicates however, the predat ors may also be impacted and that gray tr e e f r ogs ac tua lly spent les s tim e being active, bu t that the activ e tim e s were prim arily spent foraging. However, in som e cases, it is unclear whether the effects of carbary l o n am phibians have been entirely adverse. For exam ple, Southe rn leopard frogs exposed to carbaryl at 5 m g /L exhibited a 20% increase in weight at m e ta m o rphosis (Bridges and Boone, Page 55 of 6 0 2

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2003) and that at concentrations as high as 7 m g /L, Woodhouses toad ( Bufo woodhousii ) survival was roughly 3 0 % high er than controls (Boone and Sem litsch, 2002). The increase in weight of leopard frogs was attributed to the in direct effect of carbary l in reducing zooplankton that would norm a lly have com p eted with tadpoles for phytoplankton. W ith zooplankton num b ers reduced by carbaryl treatm e nts, phytopla nkton increased thereby increasing the am ount of food available to tadpoles. However, aqua tic-phase amphibians such as the Barton Springs salam a nder that forage on zooplankton would not likely benefit since their food source would be dim i nished. Additionally, open literature suggests that the toxicity of carbaryl to amphibi ans is enhanced in the presence of ligh t (Zaga et al ., 1998); the study reports that in the absense of sim u lated sunlight, the 96-hr LC 50 for larval African clawed frogs ( Xenopus laevis ) and gray treefrogs ( Hyla versiocolor ) are 1.73 and 2.47 m g /L, respectively ( Appendix A ). In the presenc e of sim u lated light, the number of mo rtalities was higher; however, th e study did not provide revise d 96-hr LC 50 estim ates f o r the com b ination of carbary l plus sim u lated sunlight. Th e extent to which sunlight can in crease th e sen s itvity of aq uatic-phase am phibians to carbaryl is uncertain. On a chronic exposure basis, carbaryl has been shown to have the potentia l to adversely affect am phibians. Southern leopard frog tadpoles e xposed to carbaryl during developm ent exhibited developm ental def o rm ities, inc l udin g both visc eral and lim b m a lf orm a tions, com p ared to less than 1% in control tadpoles (Bridges, 2000). A lthough the length of the larval period was the sam e for all experim e ntal groups tadpoles exposed thr oughout the egg stage were sm aller than their corresponding controls. However, in som e cases, it is unclear whether the effects of carbaryl on am phibians have been entirely adverse. Fo r exam ple, Southern leopard frogs exposed to carbaryl at 5 mg/L exhibited a 20% increas e in weight at m e ta morphosis (Bridges and Boone, 2003) and that at concentrations as high as 7 m g /L, Woodhouses toad ( Bufo w oodhousii ) survival was roughly 30 % higher than contro ls (Boone and Sem litsch, 2002). None of the am phibian toxicity da ta reviewed in the open lite ratu re were considered s u fficiently robust to use quantitatively for ri sk assessm ent purposes. The avai lable lines of evidence suggest however, th at both aqua tic and te rre strial-phase am phibians are less sen s itiv e to c a rb ayl than the most sensitive fish discussed in the preceding s ection s The open literature is useful though in characterizing potential indirect effects of carb a ryl th at m a y im pact aquatic-phase am phibians, particularly as they relate to reductio ns in zooplankton (Bridges and Boone 2003). No data are available on the acu te or chronic toxicity of 1-naphthol to am phibians. 4.1.3. Toxicity to Freshw ater Invertebrates Barton Springs salam a nders feed on a wide range of freshwater aqu a tic inverteb rates including ostracod s copepods, chironom ids, snails, am phipods, m a yfly larvae, leeches, and adult riffle beetles. Based on analysis of the stom ach and fe cal sam p les from a lim ited num ber of adult and juvenile Barton Springs salam a nders, the m o st prevalent organism s found wer e ostracods, am phipods, and chironom i ds (USFWS, 2005). However, data on the relative percentage of each type of aquatic invertebrate in the sa lam a nders diet are not available. Page 56 of 6 0 2

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A summ ary of acute an d chronic freshwater in verteb rate d a ta, including published data in the open literatu re since co mpletion of the IRED (U.S. EPA, 2004b), is provided belo w in Sections 4.1.3.1 through 4.1.3.3 4.1.3.1. Freshw ater Invertebrates: Acute Exposure Studies Technical grade carbary l is very h i g h ly tox i c to aquatic inv e rtebr a te s with EC 50 values ranging from 0.0017 0.026 m g /L on an acu te exposure basis. Stoneflies ( Isoro p erla grammatica ) are the most sensitive freshwater invertebrate in an acute toxicity study (96-hr LC 50 =0.0017 m g /L) Figure 13 shows a cumulative percent distribution of 96-hr EC 50 values for freshwater invertebrates; roughly 80% of the species tested had EC 50 values between 0.002 and 0.006 m g /L. In gener a l, f r eshwate r in verteb rates exhibited th e sam e sensitiv ity (EC 50 range: 0.007 0.013 mg/L) to formulated end products (purity range: 44 81%). In studies exam ining the toxicity of carba ryl to aquatic inve rtebr a te s in the presence of sedi m e nt, toxi city va lues were m o re widely distributed (EC 50 range 0.005 to > 2.5 m g /L) s uggesting that a tendency of carbaryl and its hydrolysis d e gradate 1-n a phthol to p a rtition to se dim e nt m a y lim it their bi oavailability and hence reduce toxicity under m o re natu ral ex posure cond itions. Studies have indicated th at acute exp o sure to ca rbaryl im pacts predato r avoidance m echanism s i n invertebrates (Hanazato, 1995) reduces overall zooplankt on abundance (Havens, 1995; Hanazato, 1 989), and m a y actu a lly prom ote phytopl ank t on g r owth th rou gh reduced predation by zooplankton (Bridges and Boone, 2003). As disc ussed previously, though, while decreases in zooplankton can benefit aquatic-phase am phibi ans that depend on phytoplankton, decreased zooplankton can reduce growth and survival of t hose aquatic anim als, such as the Barton Springs salam a nder, that forage on zooplankton. Figure 13. Cumulati ve freshwater invert e b ra te sensi t ivi t y distrib u tio n (LC 50 va lues). Page 57 of 6 0 2

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Exposure of freshwater inverteb rates to 1-naphthol indicated the degradate ranged from being moderately to highly toxic (EC 50 range: 0.2 3.3 m g /L) to D. magna (U.S. EPA, 2004b) to aquatic invertebrates on an acute exp o sure bas i s. 4.1.3.2. Freshw ater Invertebrates: Chronic Exposure Studies On a chronic exposure basis, carbaryl aff ected reproduction (NOEC = 0.0015 m g /L) in water fleas ( Daphnia magna) However, since stoneflies are the most sensitive inverteb rate sp ecies o n an acute exp o sure bas i s and no chro nic tox i city da ta are availab l e, an acute to ch ron i c ratio was used to es tim a te the chronic tox i c ity of carba ryl to s t one f lies. Base d on the in f o rm ation contained in the carbaryl IRED (U S EPA, 2004b), the 48-hr acute LC 50 value for Daphnia magna is 0.0056 m g /L. W ith an acute LC 50 of 0.0056 m g / L and a chronic NOEC of 0.0015, the acute to chronic ratio (ACR) for fa thead m i nnow is 3.73 (0.0056.0015). W h en the ACR is applied to the stonefly data, the re sulting estim a ted NOAE C is 0.0005 m g /L. Chronic toxicity data for 1-naphthool using D. magna (NOAEC=0.0095 mg/L indicates that the degradate is less toxic to aquatic inve rtebrates than the parent com pound. 4.1.4. Toxicity to Aquatic Plants Aquatic plant toxicity studies are used as one of the m easures of effect to eva l ua te whethe r carbaryl m a y affect prim ary production. Prim ary productivity is essential for indirectly supporting the growth and abundance of the BSS. In addition to providing cover, aquatic plants harbor a variety of aquatic inverteb rates that aquatic-phase BSS eat. Two types of studies are used to evaluate the potential of carbaryl to affect prim ary productivity. Laboratory studies are used to determ ine whet he r carbaryl m a y cause dire ct effects to aquatic plants. In a ddition, th e thresh old concentrations, described in Section 4.1 are used to further characterize potential co mmunity le vel ef f ects to BSS resulting f r om potentia l ef f ects to aquatic plants. A summary of the laboratory da ta for aquatic plants is provided in Section 4.1.4.1 4.1.4.1. Toxicity to Freshw ater Non-vascular P l ants Only two studies of the filam e ntous green algae Pseudokirchneriella subcaptitata we re ava ilab l e to assess the toxic ity of carbary l to aquatic plants. W ith technical grad e carbary l the concentration inhibiting plant growth (in term s of num b er of algal cells) by 50% (IC 50 ) is 1.27 mg/L). The m o st sensitive freshwater aquatic plant is th e freshwater diatom Navicula with an EC 50 of 0.66 m g /L. Carbaryl was roughly sim ilar to th e endpoint for for m ulated product (IC 50 = 3.2 m g /L). In neither stud y were abno rm alities in cell m o rphology or signs of phytotoxic effects ob served. As reported earlier, carbary l use has b een associated with increases in p hytoplank t o n num b ers. Whether this is due to reduced predation by zoopla nkton as a result of thei r gre a te r s u sceptibility to carbaryl and/or a response to 1-napht hol being a plant auxin is unclear. Page 58 of 6 0 2

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4.1.4.1. Toxicity to Freshw ater Vascular Plants In a supplem e ntal study (M RID 423721-02) with duckweed ( Lemna gibba ), the 14 -day EC 50 was 1.5 m g /L ba sed on reduced num ber of fronds. ECOTOX provided lim ited inform ation on the toxicity of carbaryl to aquatic plants. In a study by Peterson et al 1994, a single concentration of carba ryl (3. 67 m g /L) resulte d in 33% inhibition of L. gibba growth after 7-days static exposure ( Appendix A ). Although the study suggest s that carbaryl has an eff ect on vascular aquatic plant growth, the study does not provide any inform a tion on dose response given that only a single concentratio n was tested 4.1.5. Freshw ater Field Studies Mesocosm s t udies with carbaryl provide m easurem ents of prim ary productivity that incorporate the aggregate responses of multiple species in aquatic com m unities. Because various aquatic species vary widely in their sens itivity to carbaryl, the overall response of the aquatic comm unity m a y be different from the responses of the indi vidual species m easured in laboratory toxicity tests. Mesocosm studies allow observation of population and comm unity recovery from carbaryl effects and of indirect effects on hig h er trophic levels. In ad diti on, m e socosm studies, especially those condu cted in outdoor system s, incorporat e partitio ning, degradation, and dissipation factors that are not usually account ed for in laboratory toxicity studies, but that m a y influence the m a gnitude of ecological effects. The screen ing-level ris k assessm ent rev i ewed several mesocosm studies of carbaryl and dem onstrated that overall the results of thes e studies are highly variable. Studying natural plankton co mmunities in enclo s ed m e socosms, Havens (1995) repo rts a d ecline in to tal zooplankton biom ass and individu als across the range of carbary l treatm e nts (0 100 g/L). Furtherm ore, at carbaryl concen trations greater than 20 g/L Daphnia was no longer found and that at concentrations above 50 ug/L all cladocerans were elim inat ed, resulting in an increase in algal biom ass, representing a re partitioning of biom ass fr om zooplankton to phytoplankton. Hanazato (1995) exposed Daphnia ambigua to carbaryl and a kairom one released by the predato r Chaoborus (phantom m i dge) sim u ltaneously. Daphnia developed helm ets in response to the kairomone, but not in response to carbary l at 1-3 g/L. However, carbaryl enhanced the developm ent of high helm ets and prolonged the m a intenance period of the helm ets in the presence of the kairom one, suggest ing that at low concentrations carbaryl can alte r predator-prey interactions by inducing helm et for m ati on and vulnerability to predation in Daphnia In related m e socosm s studies, exposure to carbaryl at 1 ppm killed a ll p l an kton species, including Chaoborus larvae (Hanazato, 1989). However, this concentration is well above the m a xi m u m EECs m odel e d for carbaryl, and is unlikely that such high levels of this chem ical would be found under field conditions. In som e cases, m e socosm s exposed to carbaryl exhi bited transitory effects. In a study by Boone et al., 2003 ( Appendix A ), carbaryl exposure significantly re duced chlorophyll concentrations 12-days after exposure; however by the end of the study, th ere was no difference between carba ryl tre a ted and co ntrol. W h ile these stud ie s dem onstrate that a ra nge of factors (e.g., Page 59 of 6 0 2

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hyrdroperiod and larval density) can influence th e effects of carbaryl alone or in com b ination with other p e sticides ( e. g. atra zine ) the sens itivity of the am ph ibians in th ese stud ies is less than the surrogate fish species reported earlier. 4.1.5. Carbaryl Formu l ated Product Toxicity As discussed previously, toxicity testing of carbaryl form ulated product with aquatic anim als ha s indicated that none of the form ulations tested were m o re toxic than th e technical grade active ingredient ( Table 16 ). A review of for m ulat ed product testing conducted w ith rats indicates that none of the form ulated products (including those involving a seco nd active ingredient, i.e ., m e taldehyde, were m o re toxic th an the technical grade (Sevin Technical L D 50 =614 m g /kg body weight). Further analysis of the toxicity of formulated products is included in Appendix K T a bl e 16 R a t acu t e 9 6 -hr o r al t o xi ci ty tes t d a t a fo r f o r m ul ate d pr od ucts of c a rb ar yl Formul a te d P r oduc t Percent Ac tive Ingredient Ra t Acu t e Or al LD 50 (mg/k g body weight) Sevin B r an d 85 S p ray a ble I n secticide 85 % C a r b ary l >50 Sevin Tec hni cal 99 .4 5% 61 4 Sevin XLR Plus C a rba r y l I n s ecticide 44 .1 % 69 8. 5 Sevin B r an d Gra n ular Insec ticide 7% 32 4 0 Sevin 5 B a it 5% 31 2 9 Sevin 1 0 % G r an ules 10 % 36 2 0 Turf Pride Fertilizer with 2% Sevin 2% 31 2 9 Corrys Sl ug, Snail and In sect Killer 5% carbaryl 2% m e taldehyde >5 000 An de rso n s 8 % G r an ular 8% 17 5 0 Gr ubTo x Lawn Grub and Insect Killer 4.6% 3129 B oni de Slug, Snail and Sowbug Bait 5% ca rba r yl 2% m e taldehyde >5 000 Sevin 4% Plus Fertilizer 4% 5000 Sevin B r an d Gra n ular Insec ticide 6. 3% >50 0 0 5. Risk Characteriz a tion Risk characterization is the inte gration of the exposure and ef fect s characterizations to determ ine the po tentia l eco logical risk f r om varying carbaryl use s cenarios within th e action area and likelihood of direct and indire ct effects on the Barton Sp rings salam a nder. The risk characterization provides an estim ation and a desc ription of the likelihood of adverse effects; articula tes r i sk asse ssm ent as sum p tions, lim itatio ns and uncertainties; and synthesizes an overall conclusion regarding the effects determ ination ( i. e. no effect, lik ely to adversely affect, or m ay affect, but not likely to adversely affect) for the Barton Springs salam a nder. 5.1 Risk Estimation Risk is estim ated by calcula ting th e ratio of ex posure to toxicity using 1-in-10-year estim ated environm ental concentrations (EECs; Table 10 ) and the appropriate toxicity endpoint (see Table 14 ). This r a tio is the risk quotien t (RQ), which is then co mpared to p r e-es tab lished acute an d chronic lev e ls of concern (LOCs) for each category evaluated ( Appendix G ). For acute Page 60 of 6 0 2

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exposures to the salam a nder and invertebrates, the LOC is 0.05. The LOC for chronic exposures to fish and invertebrates, as well as acut e exposures to aquatic plants is 1.0. RQs were based on the most sens itive endpoints and m odeled surface water concentrations from the followin g scenarios for carb a ryl: outdoor ornam e ntal use @ 7.8 lbs a.i./A; 4 appl ications with 7 days betw een applications peach use @ 4 lbs a. i./A; 3 app lications, twice in -season with 1 5 days between applications and once at dorm a ncy grape use @ 2 lbs a.i. /A; 5 applic atio ns with 7 da ys between applic ation s pasture use @ 1.5 lbs a.i./A; 2 applicati ons with 14 days between applications hom e lawns, parks, flower beds around building use @ 8.4 lbs a.i./A ; 25 applications with 3 days between applica tions (num ber of applications and reapp lica tion inte rval assum e d in the lack of label statem ents) hom e lawns @ 9.1 lbs a.i./A; 2 applic ati ons with 7 days betw een applications. In addition, RQs were derived based on the aggr egate exposure of the six uses listed above. 5.1.1 Direct Effects For asses s in g risks of direct effects to the s a la m a nder, 1-in-1 0 year p eak EECs are us ed with the lowest acute toxicity value for fish i n order to derive acute risk quotients for the sala m a nder. For chronic risk s, 1-in-10 y ear peak 60 -day EECs and the lowest chron i c to xicity value for fish are used to derive RQ values for the salam a nder. Based on RQ values calculated us ing individual 1-in-10 year EECs f o r waters within the Bar t on Springs proper, for acute exposures, the acute risk to listed species LOC (RQ 0.05) is exceeded for carbaryl use on lawns (RQ=2.4), and pasture (R Q=0.10. Additionally, acu te exposure of the salam a nder to carbaryl from all uses (aggreg ate) exceeds (RQ=2.5) the acute risk LO C for listed species. Fo r chronic ex posures, th e LOC is exceeded for lawn uses (RQ=5.6) ( Table 17 ) and for the aggregate of all u s es (RQ=5.8). Page 61 of 6 0 2

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Table 17. Dir ect Effect RQ s for the B a rton Springs Salamander bas e d on re fined EECs. Dur a ti on of E x p o sure T oxi ci t y Value ( g/ L ) Use EEC ( g/ L ) 3 RQ LOC E x ceedance? 4 Law n s 53 4 2. 43 Yes Pasture 23 .0 0. 10 Yes Par k 19 0. 09 Yes Acute 22 0 Flowe r B e ds 1. 33 0. 01 No Viney a r d 0. 05 1 1 <0. 01 No Nuse ry 0. 02 9 5 <0. 01 No Peach 0.008 <0.01 No Ag gr egate 55 5 2. 52 Yes Law n s 38 .1 5. 60 Yes Pasture 0. 83 5 0. 12 No Par k 0. 85 3 0. 13 No C h r onic 6. 8 Flowe r B e ds 0. 10 1 0. 01 No Viney a r d 0. 00 8 84 <0. 01 No Nuse ry 0. 00 8 50 <0. 01 No Peach 0.00795 <0.01 No Ag gr egate 39 .2 5. 8 Yes 1 96h L C 50 value ( 220 g/L) fr o m toxicity study with Atlantic sal m on (M RI D 40098001) 2 NOAEC (6.8 g/L) b a sed on acu t e to chr o n i c ratio. 3 EECs are f r o m Ta ble 10 RQs for a c u te exposures utilize peak EECs, wh i l e RQs for chronic exposures utilize 60-day EECs. 4 For acute exposur es, the LOC is 0. 0 5 For chr onic exp o sur e s, the L O C is 1. 0. 5 Aggregate use rep r esents the su m of carbar y l f r o m all u s es. 6 Potentially excee ds chronic r i sk level of concer n ( R Q > 1. 0) 5.1.2 Indirect Effects 5.1.2.1 Evaluation of Potential Indirec t E ffects via Reduction in Food Items (Freshwater Invertebra t es) For assessing risks of indirect effects to th e s a lam a nder d u e to effects to its p r ey RQs were derived for freshwater invertebra tes based on E E Cs representative of concentrations of carbaryl in the sp rin g s. Peak 1in-10 yea r EECs f o r th e Barton Sp rings are us ed with the lowest acu te toxicity value for invertebrates in order to deri ve acute risk quotients for invertebrates. For chronic risks, 1-in-10 year peak EECs over a 21-day period and the lowes t chronic tox i city valu e for freshwater inverteb rates are used to derive RQ values. For acute ex posures, the acute ri sk to liste d species LOC (RQ 0.05) is ex ceeded for use on lawns (RQ=314), pasture (RQ=14), parks (RQ=11), flower around buildings beds (RQ=0.78) and for aggregated uses (RQ=326). Chronic exposures of invertebrates to carbaryl from lawns (RQ=141), pasture (RQ=4.3), park (RQ=3.3) and aggregated uses (RQ=145) exceed the chronic risk LOC ( Table 18 ). Page 62 of 6 0 2

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Table 18. I n vertebr a te RQs relevant to indirect effec t s to the B a rton Springs Sal a m a nder. Dur a ti on of E x p o sure T oxi ci t y Value ( g/ L ) Use EEC ( g/ L ) 3 RQ LOC E x ceedance? 4 Acute 1. 7 Law n s 53 4 31 4 Yes Pasture 23 .0 13 .5 Yes Par k 19 11 2 Yes Flowe r B e ds 1. 33 0. 78 Yes Viney a r d 0. 05 1 1 0. 03 No Nu rsery 0. 02 9 5 0. 02 No Peach 0.008 <0.01 No Ag gr egate 55 5 32 6 Yes C h r onic 0. 5 Law n s 70 .4 14 1 Yes Pasture 2. 17 4. 3 Yes Par k 1. 63 3. 3 Yes Flowe r B e ds 0. 18 2 0. 36 No Viney a r d 0. 01 1 0 0. 02 No Nu rsery 0. 00 9 71 0. 02 No Peach 0.0080 0.02 No Ag gr egate 72 .3 14 5 Yes 1 48h E C 50 v a lu e (1 .7 g/L ) fr o m toxicity study with I s oroperla gr ammatica 2 NOAEC value ba sed on acute to chr onic ratio (3.73) es ti m a tion (N OEC= 0.5 g/L ) 3 EECs are f r o m Ta ble 10 RQs for a c u te exposures utilize peak EECs, wh i l e RQs for chronic exposures utilize 21-day EECs. 4 For acute exposur es, the LOC is 0. 0 5 For chr onic exposur es, the L O C is 1. 0. 5 Aggregate use rep r esents the su m of carbar y l f r o m all u s es. 6 Exceeds the acute risk to e ndangered species LOC (RQ > 0.05) 5.1.2.2 Evaluation of Potentia l Indirect Effec t s via R e duction in Habitat an d/or Primary Pr oductiv ity ( F reshwater Aquatic Pla n ts) For assessin g risks of in direct effects to the sa lam a nder due to effects to its habitat, RQs were derived for aquatic plants based on EECs representative o f concen trations of ca rb aryl in the springs. Peak 1-in-10 y ear EECs are used with the lowes t acut e toxic ity value f o r a quatic plan ts in order to derive acute risk quotients for plants. For all exposures, including the aggregate of al l exposures, the acute risk to listed species LOC (RQ 1.0) is not exceed ed by RQs for aquatic plants ( Table 19 ). Ad dition a lly, there ar e no reported field incidents involving plants related to the use of carbaryl. Theref ore, at the application rates m odeled and based on the available da ta, th e use of carba ryl in the action are a is not likely to indirectly aff ect the Barton Springs salam a nder based on reductions in aquatic plants. Page 63 of 6 0 2

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Table 19. Aquatic plant RQs rel evant to indirect e ffec t s to th e Bar t on Springs Sal a m a nder Plant Type T oxi ci t y Value ( g/ L ) Use EEC ( g/ L ) 2 RQ LOC E x ceedance? 3 Nonv ascu lar 6 6 0 1 Law n s 53 4 0. 81 No Pasture 23 .0 0. 03 No Par k 19 0. 03 No Flowe r B e ds 1. 33 <0. 01 No Viney a r d 0. 05 1 1 <0. 01 No Nu rsery 0. 02 9 5 <0. 01 No Peach 0.008 <0.01 No Ag gr egate 55 5 0. 84 No Vasc ular 15 0 0 1b Law n s 53 4 0. 36 No Pasture 23 .0 0. 02 No Par k 19 0. 01 No Flowe r B e ds 1. 33 0. 01 No Viney a r d 0. 05 1 1 <0. 01 No Nu rsery 0. 02 9 5 <0. 01 No Peach 0.008 <0.01 No Ag gr egate 55 5 0. 37 No 1 EC 05 value fr o m toxicity study with fr eshwater diato m ( M RID 42431601 ) 1b EC 05 value fr o m toxicity study with duckweed ( M RID 42372 102) 2 EECs are f r o m Ta ble 10 RQs utiliz e peak EECs 3 For exposur es to plants, the L O C is 1. 0. 4 Aggregate use rep r esents the su m of carbar y l f r o m all u s es. 5.2 Risk Description The risk description synthesizes an overall c onclusion regarding the likelihood of adverse im pacts lea d ing to an ef f ects dete rm ination ( i.e ., no effect, m ay aff ect, but not likely to adversely affect, or lik ely to adv e rs ely affect) f o r the Barto n Springs salam a nder. If the RQs p r esented in the Risk Es tim a tion ( Section 5.1 ) show no indirect effects and LOCs for the Barton S p rings salamander are no t exceeded for direct effects, a no effect determ ination is m a de, base d on carbaryls use w ithin the ac tion ar ea. If how ever, indirect effects ar e anticipated and/or expo sure ex ceed s the LOCs for direct effects, the Agency co ncludes a prelim inary m ay affect determ ination for the B a rton Spring s salam a nder. Following a m ay affect determ ination, additiona l inf o r m ation is c onsidered to ref i ne the potential for exposure at the predicted levels based on the life hist ory characteristics ( i.e. habitat range, feeding preferences, etc) of the Barton S p ring salamander and pote ntial com m unity-lev el effects to aq uatic plan ts. Based on the bes t avai lable information, the Agency uses the refined evaluation to distinguish those ac tions that m ay affect, but are not likely to adversely affect from those actions that are likely to advers ely affect the Barton Springs salam a nder. The criter ia used to m a ke dete rm inations th at the effects of an action are not likely to advers ely affect the Barton Spring s salam a nder include the following: Significance of Effect : Insignificant effects are those that cannot be m e a n ingfully m easured, detected, or evaluated in the co ntext of a level of effect where tak e Page 64 of 6 0 2

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occurs for even a single individual. Take in this contex t m eans to harass o r harm define d as the following: Harm includes significant habitat m o dification or degradation that results in de ath or in jury to lis ted spe c ies by signif i cantly im pair ing behavioral patterns such as breedi ng, feeding, or sheltering. Harass is defined as actions that create the likelihood of injury to listed sp ecies to such an exten t as to significantly disrupt norm al behavior patterns which include, bu t ar e no t lim ite d to, breeding, feeding, or sheltering. Likelihood of the Effe ct Occurring : Discountable effects are those that are extrem ely unlikely to occur. For exam pl e, use of dose-response inform ation to estim ate the likelihood of effects can info rm the evaluation of som e discountabl e effects. Adverse Nature of Effec t : Effects that are wholly be neficial without any adverse effects are n o t consid ered adverse. A descrip t ion of the risk and effects d e term ination for each of the estab lish e d assessm ent endpoints for the Barton Springs salam a nder is provided in Sections 5.2.1 through 5.2.3 5.2.1 Direct Effects to the Barton Springs Salaman d er Based on exposure estim ates for use of carbaryl on i ndividual (lawns and pa sture) uses alone and for the aggregate exposure within the action area, the acute risk to endangered species LOC is exceeded fo r direct effects to th e salam a nder. Ri sk from the use of carb a ryl on lawns is based on a spectrum of assum p tions. The conservative assum p tions include that there are 25 application s at a rate of 8.3 lbs a.i./A and that 100% of lawns are treated on the sa m e day. A lower labe le d use pattern on lawns (2 applications of 9.1 lbs a.i./A) provides a less conservative, m o re realistic use estim a te in which peak exposure estim ates de cline to 183 g/L and th e resu lting risk quotien t is 0.83. Thus, estim ate s based on realistic assu mptions abo u t use still e x ceed the a c ute risk to listed species LOC. Eve n from a single applicat ion at the m a xim u m rate, assum i ng 5% of lawns are treated on the sam e day (EEC=12.2 g/L; Table 13 )) results in an RQ (RQ=0.06) tha t exceeds the acute lis ted species LOC. Thus, carba ry l applications to lawns would have to be restric t ed to a s i ngle ap plica tion to less than 5 % of the la wns in the BSSEA to result in a n o effect W ith respect to carbary l use on pastures, two applic ation s to 50% of the rang elan d (EEC=12 g/L; Table 13 )) in the BSSEA would exceed (RQ=0.05) the acute risk to listed species LOC. A single application of carbaryl to m o re than 75% of the rangeland (EE C =10 g/L) would also exceed th e acute risk to listed sp ecies LOC (RQ=0.05). The chronic risk RQ value for use of carbaryl on lawns an d for the ag gregated ris k for direct effects to th e Barton Sp rings salam a nder exceed th e ch ronic risk LOC by a factor of 5 X Sim ilar Page 65 of 6 0 2

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to what was done for evaluating acute risk, if th e m a xi m u m num ber of app lications to lawns was three tim es per year rather than 25, the 60-day average exposure value would be 6.64 g/L and the re sultin g RQ value (0.98) wou l d f a ll just below the c h ronic risk LOC. Af ter a sing le application the 60-day average co ncentration would be 2.15 g/L and the RQ value (0.32) would be well be lo w the chronic risk LOC. An analysis of the likelihood of individual direct m o rtality ( Appendix I ) indicates that based on the highest RQ value (aggregate RQ= 2.52) for direct effects on the B a rton Springs salam a nder and with a dose-response slope of 4.62, the likeli hood is 1 in 1. At the endangered species LOC, i.e ., RQ=0.05, the likelihood of indivi dual mortality is 1 in 2.4 x 10 16 At the RQ value (RQ=0.44) for single app lications to lawns, the likelihood of indivi dual effect is 1 in 88 and at the RQ value (RQ=0.83) for three ap plications to lawn, the likelihood of an individual effect is 1 in 3. Therefore, carbary l use in the actio n area is likely to affect the Barto n Springs salam a nder through direct acute and chronic effects on the salam a nder. As discussed previously, though, there is uncertainty reg a rding what can reason ab ly be assum e d to be the m a xi m u m number of applic ation s per year to residen t ial lawns. A ddition a lly, there is un c e rta i nty in the exten t to which res i d e ntial lawn are treated at a s i ngle tim e. The modeling assum e s that 45% of the BSSEA is m a de up of residential lawns and a ssessed exposure assum i ng a range of percentages of that area (4%, 5%, 10%, 25%, 50%, 100%) were treated at.the sam e tim e. W ith respect to acute m o rtality, if applic ations were lim ited to a single application per year and lim i tations were in place to ensure that a m azi m u m of 4% of the lawns were trea ted in the BSSEA, RQ values would fall below the LOC and result in a no effect determ ination. Sim ilarly, if the m a ximum num b er of applications were reduced to 3 and even if 100% of the lawns were tr eated sim u ltaneou sly, the dete rm in ation for direc t ch ron i c effects would be no effect. 5.2.2 Indirect Effects via Red u ction in Fo od Items (Freshw ater Invertebrates) Consisten t with the toxicity data indicating that carbaryl is high ly toxic to freshwater invertebrates, exposure estim a tes for each of the ev aluated uses ex ceed th e acute risk to endangered species LOC by fact ors as high as 6280X. Based on an estim ated probit doseresponse slope of 4.3 and an RQ value of 314, the likelihood of acute mortality for individual invertebrates following use of carbaryl on lawns in the acti on area is 1 out of 1 (100%) ( Appendix I ). Use on lawns, pasture, parks and flower beds around buildings and aggregated uses are exp ected to res u lt in ca rbar yl concentra tions in run o f f that will result in ac ute m o rtality of aquatic invertebrates. Even a single application of carbaryl to la wns would result in an exceedance (RQ~14) of the acute risk to listed species L O C although the likelihood of a n individual invertebrate mortalit y w ould again be 100%. Even us ing less sensitive estim a tes of acute toxic i ty, e.g., LC 50 =5.1 m g /L, the RQ value (RQ=1 9 ) would exceed the acute risk to endangered species LO C by a factor of 382X followi ng a single application of carbaryl to lawns. The data on waterfleas represent inform ation on th e sensitivity of zooplankt on to carbaryl as the rem a ining taxa f o r which there a r e data are m o re represen tative of macroinv erteb r ates. The Page 66 of 6 0 2

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zooplankton serve as prey for aquatic m acroi nvertebrates and the apparen t sensitiv ity of zooplankton to carbaryl suggest s that m acroinvertebrates could be affected through reduction in their forage base. As discussed in greater detail in Appendix D although the Barton Springs salam a nder is considered an opportunistic feeder, the m o st pr evalent invertebrates found in stomach content analyses w e re m acroinvertebrates consisti ng of ostracods, am phi pods, and chironom ids (USFW S 2005). These are relatively large invert ebrates (macroinvertebrat es) and it is not clear as to th e extent tha t sm alle r inve rteb rates (zoop lankton) like cladocerans m a ke up the diet of the salam a nder. Addition a lly, it is unce r ta in as to th e extent th at the m o st sensitive sp ecies used in this ass e ss m e nt ref l ect the sensitivities of the large r prey item s ; however, th e sensitivity distribution depicted in Figure 13 s uggests that larger invertebrate s ten d to be less sensitiv e th an sm aller inv e rtebr a te s. T o the extent tha t large r inverteb rates are le ss s e n s itiv e and to the extent that Barton Springs salam a nders preferentially f eed on the less sensitive taxa would m a rkedly affect risk es tim ates for indire ct effects to th e salam a nder. Based on the likelihood of individu al effect analysis where 100% of the m o st sensitive species are expected to experience acute mortality at the estim a ted environ m ental concentra tions f o r carba ryl in the BSSEA, the like li hood of indirect effects on the Barton Springs salam a nder from the use of carbaryl is v i ewed as a m a y affect and likely to adv e rsely affect. 5.2.3 Indirect Effects via Reduction in Ha bitat and/or Primary Productivity (Freshw ater Aquatic Plants) W ith an EC 50 of 1,270 g/L, aquatic plan ts wer e som e of the lea s t s e n s itiv e aqua tic organ i sm tested with carbaryl. B a sed on the available data for freshwat er nonvascular plants, estim a ted carbaryl concentrations have no affect on aquatic [nonvascular] plants. There is unc erta inty rega rding the po tential ef f ect of carbaryl on aquatic va scular p l ants since th e habitat of the salam a nder is com pos ed of moss and vascular plants (See Appendix D ). However, the risk of carbaryl to the salam a nder through reduction of habitat is cons idered to be low based on the data available for aquatic nonvasc ula r pla n ts, vascu l ar ter r estria l p l ants and th e lack of any reported field incidents involving plants. 5.2.4. Incident reports Although a total of three fish-kill incidents we re reported for carbaryl, only one report (#B0000 501-92) could be credibly associated with a specific carbaryl use (i .e ., to contro l gyp sy m o th in New Jersey) Rela tive to other ca rb am ate pestic ides, the nu m b er of aquatic (f ish k i ll) incid e nts associated w ith carbary l has been lo w. A total of 5 incid e nts re lated to carb a ryl s ef f ect s on terr estr ial inve rteb r a tes are rep o rted in the EIIS database. Two of the reports (I005855-001 and B0000-300-03) do not contain any data but rather reflect general concerns expressed by th e Am erican Beekeeper F e deration an d the Honey Industry Council on the role pestic ides in bee kills. The H oney Industry Council sited the specific use of carbaryl on alfalfa during the day. In North Carolina (incident #I003826-021), a Page 67 of 6 0 2

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bee m o rtality was associated with 0.8 ppm carba ryl residu es; however, in a secon d inciden t (#I003826-0090 in North Carolina, b ee m o rtality was m o re likely attr ibuted to m e thyl parathion than carbaryl. Only in one incident (I001611-00 2) though, was the use of carbaryl on a specific crop, i.e. asparagus in W a shington, clearly associated with carb a ryl residues in dead bees. Subsequent to the publication of th e IRED, a number (48) of bee k ill incidents were associated in Washington State along with several from Minnesota. 5.2.5 Description of Assumptions, Limita tions, Uncertainties, Streng t hs and Data Gaps 5.2.5.1. Exposure Assessment 5.2.5.1.1 Aquatic exposure modeling of carbaryl Exposure modeling is characterized by the use of si m p lifying assum p tions that allow com p le x system s to be described in m a nageable term s. The complexity of the karst hydrology of the BSSEA increases the number of assumptions and uncertainties that usuall y characterize exposure modeling. For this assessm e nt, all precipitation a nd applied carbaryl in the contributing zone are assum e d to have an equal chance of arriving at the rech arge zone and all precip i tation, applied carbaryl, and discharge from th e contributing zone are assum e d to have an equal chance of arriving at the Barton S p rings. All runoff and base flow in the action area is as sum e d to recharg e the Barton Springs and be availabl e to dilute all c a rba r yl concen trations in runoff. All four Barton Springs are as su m e d to receive recharge from the sam e sources. Ground water baseflow from the Trinity aquifer is assum e d to contribute 30% of the average flow from the contributing zone, although baseflow is likely to vary over tim e All transit tim e s across zones are as sum e d equal a nd instan taneou s with negligible degradation between the edgeof-field and the Barton Springs. Losses from e v apor ation, transpiration, aquifer storage, stream flow that doesnt pass through th e Springs, and w ithdrawal for dr inking water are neglected. Contributions from eroded sedim e nt cont aining bound carbaryl are a ssum e d negligible. Contributions from ove rflow of Barton Creek during large storm f low are also assum e d neglig ible. Spray dr if t c ontribu ti ons for applications in the ac tion area a r e assum e d negligib le as well becaus e of the con ceptual m o del that as su m e s all runo ff from treated ar ea s tha t occurs in th e recharge zone is instantaneously recharged and th at applications are at s u fficient dis t ances from the Barton s p rings such that the exp o sed water in the springs is not directly im pacted by spra y drif t. The m odeled use scenarios are ass u m e d to represent actual use sites in the action area. The rangeland scenario is assum e d to represen t th e entire actio n ar ea where use does not occu r. Modeled exposure estim a tes were generated to reflect the m a xi m u m application practices allowed on curren t lab e ls. Becaus e actual carbar yl us age m a y be les s than th at allowed on curren t lab e ls, both in ap plica tion p r a c tic es and in percen t of the action area where ap plied at any tim e, m odeled EECs m a y over-estim ate exposure. Estim ated 1-in-10-year annual average exposure values were up to tw o orders of m a gnitude higher than m a xi m u m concentrations repo rted in m onitorin g data taken in the spr i ngs, m o stly Page 68 of 6 0 2

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due to the a ssum p tions that carb a ry l is used a t m a xim u m applica tion rate s (arb itr ar ily lim ited at 25 applications per year) and sim u ltaneously applied to all lawns in the action a r ea. 1-in-10-y e a r annual average estim a tes are consistent with c oncentrations observed in the m onitoring data when uses a r e m odeled once per ye ar ac ross all use a r eas, o r when uses are m odeled at m u ltip le tim es per year on a fraction of the possible u s e areas. In this assessm ent, exposures are estim ated fo r salam a nders residing within the fractures (springs) feeding the pool system and within the pools them selves of the BSSEA. Thus, salam a nders residing within the fr acture/pool system of the springs are likely to be exposed to longer-term base flow concentrations of car baryl with occasional shorter-du r ation pu lses correlated with precipitationderived runoff events trans ported through the fractures. Salam a nders have also been found to reside w ithin the pools them s e lves In general, the organism s residing in the pools will be exposed to the sam e sources of exposure. However, it is expected that the m a gnitude and duration of e xposure will be som e what different given the tendency of water to m o ve thr ough the pools (except in the most extrem e clim atic events) m o re slowly. This suggests that exposur es in the pools will be genera lly lower in m a gnitude than in the springs, but will also tend to hav e a longe r d u ration of exposure than in the sp ring s. 5.2.5.1.2 Mixture Effects This assessm e nt considered only the single active ingredient of carbaryl. However, the assesse d species and their env i ronm ents m a y be expos ed to multiple pestic ides s i multaneously. Evaluation of pesticid e m i xtures is beyond the sc ope of this assessm ent because of the m y riad factors that cannot be quantified based on the ava ilable data. Those factor s include identification of other possible co-contam i nants and their c oncentr ation s dif f e renc es in the p a tte rn and duration of exposure among contam i n ants, and the differential effects of other physical/chem i cal characteristics of the receiving waters ( e.g. organic m a tter present in sedim e nt and suspended water). Evaluation of fa ctors th at co uld influence additiv ity /synergism is beyond the scope of this assessment and is beyond the cap abilities of the available data to allow for an evaluation. However, it is acknowledged that not consideri ng m i xtures could overor under-estim ate risks depending on the type of interaction and factor s discussed ab ove. This assessm ent has however, analyzed the toxicity of carbaryl form ulated product m i xtures (including carbaryl for m ulations involving more than one active ingredient) and ha s determined that none of the for m ulated products evaluated were m o re toxic than the t echnical grade active ingredient data used for assessing both direct and indi r ect risk s in this doc um ent. Page 69 of 6 0 2

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5.2.5.2 Effects Assessment 5.2.5.2.1 Direct Effects As previously discussed, direct effects to the Barton Springs salamander were based on freshwater fish data, w h ich are us ed as a su rrogate for aquatic-phase a m phibians. W h ile a lim ited am ount of am phibian d a ta a r e ava ilab l e, these studies either fail ed to establish an LC 50 value or did not report m easured concentrati on values. The availabl e data suggest that am phibians are consid erably les s sensitive to carbaryl than fish. To the ex tent to which am phibians are less sens itiv e th an th e sur r ogate s p ecies used in this as sess m e nt, the as sessm ent is conservative. 5.2.5.2.2 Sublethal Effects Open literature is usefu l in iden tifying sublethal effects ass o ciated with exposure to carbary l. However, no data are available to link the sublet hal m easurem ent endpoints to direct mortality or dim i nished reproduction, growth and survival that are used by OPP as assessm e nt endpoints. OPP acknowledges that a num ber of sublethal eff ects have been associated w ith carbaryl exposure; however, at this point there are insufficient data to definitively link the measurem ent endpoints to assessm e nt endpoints. To the extent to which subletha l effects are not considered in this asses s m ent, the potential direct and indirect effects of carbaryl on CRLF m a y be underestim ated. 5.2.5.2.3 Indirect Effects Indirect effects on the Barton Springs salam a nde r are estim a ted based on the most sensitive inver t ebra te tested, i.e Chloroperla grammatica W h ile th is is a rela tiv e l y com m o n invertebrate, stoneflies do not appear to be a m a jor food source for Barton springs salam a nders based on stom ach content analyses where ostracod e xoskeletons have been identified. Thus, the extent to which the m o st sens itiv e species u s ed in this analysis is repr e s enta tive of the die t of Barton Springs salam a nders is uncertain. However, it should be noted that the toxicity endpoints for surrogate organism s are not in tended to re present spe c if ic taxa b u t ra ther th ey serve as indica tors of the poten tia l sensitiv ity of inverteb r a tes as a whole. 5.2.5.2.4. Sensitivity Dis t ributions In order to characterize the conservativeness of th e endpoints selected to re present direct effects to the Ba rto n Springs Sa lam a nder ( e. g ., Atlantic salm on LC 50 = 220 g/L ) and indirect effects to the Barton S p rings Salam a nder through direct effects to its aquatic prey ( e.g Stonefly EC 50 = 1.7 g/L) genu s sensitiv ity distributions are derive d using the available ac ute toxicity data for freshwater fish and invertebrates, res p ectiv ely. A quantitative distribution is established for each set of data; in clud ing studie s classified acceptable o r supplem ental. Once a data set is as sem b led, the average of the Log10 values of the EC 50 values for a species is calcu lated. Then, the average of the Log10 valu es of the genera is Page 70 of 6 0 2

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estim ated. A sem i -log norm a l distr i bution is u s ed to es tim a te the sensitiv ity d i s t ribu tion by considering the m ean and standard deviation of a ll genus m ean values. A full description of the data and results used to derive th es e distribu tio ns is in clud ed in Appendix F The num ber of data points, species and genera inco rporated in to each of the sensitivity distribu tion s is identified in Table 20 The curves of the sensitivity distributions are represented by Figures 14-15 In the figures, each point represents the genus m ean va lue f o r th e respec tive genus and the solid line repres ents th e sensitiv ity di stribution based on these data. Table 20. Numbers of data points, s p ecies and geneses in corpor ate d i n to e a ch of th e sensiti v ity di stributi o ns The lower 95th percentile es timates of EC50 values relevant to the dis t ributi o ns are also included. Ta xa Number of Da ta Values Number of Species Number of Genuses T oxi ci t y endp oint for assessme n t Lower 95 th Percentile Fish 19 17 10 22 0 g /L 49 9 g /L In verte b rates 12 9 7 1. 7 g /L 0. 7 g /L The lower 95 th percentile of the fish distribution (499 g /L) indicates that the use of the lowest available toxicity value (220 g/L) is likely a conservative estim ate of the toxicity of carbaryl to freshwater vertebrates. W h en considering estim a ted aquatic exposure concentrations (peak), aggregate us e of carbary l in th e Barton Springs area, as well as on lawns is sufficien t to exceed the LOC for approxim a tely 85% of the fish se nsitivity distrib u tion. Estim ated aquatic concentratio ns resu lting from uses on pasture are at leve ls s u fficient to exceed the LOC for 5% of fish species. Uses of carb a ryl on parks, fl owerbeds, vineyards, nurs er i e s and peaches ar e at levels that would exceed the LOC for <5% of fish species. The lower 95 th percentile of the invertebrate distributi on (0.7 g/L) indicates that th e use of the lowest available toxic i ty value (1. 7 g/L) is not as conservative as the value used for invertebrates. W h en c onsidering estim ated aq uatic exposure concentrat ions (peak), aggregate use of carbaryl in the Barton Sprin g s area, as well as on lawns, pastures and parks are sufficient to exceed th e LOC for greater than 95% of the inverteb rate sensitivity distribu tion Estim ated aquatic con centration s resulting from uses on flow er beds are at levels sufficient to exceed the LOC for approxim a tely 73% of invertebrate species Currently registered m a xi m u m use rates for carbaryl on vineyards and nurseries yield estim a ted env i ron m ental concentra tions th at re sult in RQ values which exceed the acute risk to en dangered species LOC for approxim a tely 7% and 5% of invertebrate species, respectiv ely. At m a xim u m label rates for use of carbaryl on peaches, EECs result in RQ values which exceed the acut e risk to endangered s p ecies LOC for <5% of invertebrate species. Page 71 of 6 0 2

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Ic ta l u r u s LC 50 = 12 4 8 2 1 P r op or t i o n 0. 9 0. 8 0. 7 0. 6 0. 5 0. 4 0. 3 0. 2 0. 1 0 M e an d i s t r i bu t i on L o w e r d i s t ri b u t i o n U p pe r Di s t r i bu t i on M e a n G e nu s V a l u es Pe r c a LC 50 = 35 0 Mi c r o p t e r u s LC 50 = 64 00 S a lv eli n us LC 50 = 14 39 Sa l m o LC 50 = 12 55 Cy p r i n us LC 50 = 52 80 Po mo x i s LC 50 = 26 00 O n co r h y n ch u s LC 50 = 18 26 Le po m i s LC 50 = 89 17 P i m e ph ales LC 50 = 77 00 10 0 1 00 0 1 00 00 1 0 0 0 0 0 C o nc e n t r at i o n ( p p b ) Figure 14. Fis h sensiti v ity d i stributi o n based 96-h L C 50 val ue s fr om a c ute e x p o sure s o f fi s h t o car b ar yl 0 0. 1 0. 2 0. 3 0. 4 0. 5 0. 6 0. 7 0. 8 0. 9 1 P r op or ti o n M e an d i s t r i bu t i on Lo w e r d i s t r i bu t i on Up p e r Di s t r i b u t i o n M e a n G enu s V a l ues Pr o c a m b a r u s E C 50 = 1 8 I s o genu s E C 50 = 3. 6 G a m m ar us E C 50 = 1 1 3 Daphn i a E C 50 = 9. 1 S i m o c epha l us E C 5 0 = 7. 6 C l aa s s e nia E C 50 = 5. 6 A s e llus E C 50 = 28 0 1. 0 1 0 0 1 00 0 10 00 0 C o nc en t r at i o n ( p pb ) Figure 15. I n vertebr a te sens itivity distrib u t ion based 48-h and 96-h L C 50 values fr om ac ute e x pos u res of inverte b rates to car b ar yl. Page 72 of 6 0 2

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5.3. Conclusions The conceptual m odel for poten tial risks of ca rbaryl use to Barton Springs salam a nders ( Fi gure 4 ) depicts d i rect and in direct chang e s in recept or attribu t es Biological recep tors included the Barton Springs salam a nder, aquatic invertebrates th a t s e rve as th e sa lam a nders fora ge base for the sa lam a nder, and aq uatic plan ts tha t se rve as habita t/c over f o r th e spec ies a nd its prey. Potential attribute chan ges for thes e recep tors included d e creas ed survival, repro duction and growth. An assessm ent of potential sources (rout es of ex posure) for carbaryl estim a tes peak aggregate exposure concentrations in the Barton Springs at 555 g/L a nd chronic 1-in-10 year average 60-day chronic aggregate exposure is estim ated at 39 g/L. These exposure estim a tes com b ined with acute (22 0 g/L) and chronic (6.8 g/L) tox i c ity es tim ates f o r the m o st sens itive species resu lt in a lik ely to adversely affect determ inatio n for direct acute effects on the salam a nder and a like l y to adv e rs ely affect determ ination for chron i c effects to th e salam a nder ( Table 21 ). Even if less conserv a tiv e assum p tio ns were m a de reg a rding applic ation r a tes and the percen tage of areas treated, this ass e ssm ent indi cates that th e use of car baryl on lawns would be likely to adversely affect the Barton Springs sala m a nder. A single applica tion of carbaryl to as little as 5% of the lawns in the B SSEA results in risk e s tim ates that exceed the acute risk to listed species LO C. W ith respect to direct chronic risk to Barton Sp rings salam a nder, if the num b er of a pplications could be restricted to a m a xi m u m of 3, then risk estim a tes would drop below the chronic risk LOC and result in an no ef f ect deter m ination. For indirect effects on the salam a nders forage base, the estimated peak concentration (555 g/L) was com p ared to the m o st sens itive invertebrate toxicity estim ate (1.7 g/L). The resulting risk quotients for the use of carbaryl on lawns, past ure, parks, and flower beds around buildings exceed the endangered species leve l of concern and the likelihood of individual effects is 100 %. Therefore, the use of carbaryl in th e BSSE resu lts in a like l y to adverse l y af f ect determ ination ( Table 21 ) for indirect effects to the Barton Springs salam a nder through potential reductions in its inv e r t ebr a te f o rage b a se. For indire ct ef f ects to habita t, the p eak estim ate d environm ental con c e n tra tion (55 5 g/L) was com p ared to the m o st sensitiv e aqu a tic plan t sp ecies (3700 g/L) and the result ing risk quotient was below the acute risk LOC. The result is a no ef f ect deter m ination f o r habita t ( Table 21 ). Although there are a number of uncer tainties in this assessm ent, th e approaches used to estim a te potential ex posure and effects are considered relatively conservative and protective for the species. Page 73 of 6 0 2

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Table 21. Car b ar yl Effects Determination Sum mar y for the Bar t on Springs Sal a m a nder. Asse ss ment Endpoint Effect s Det e r m ination Basis for Det ermination Acute m o rtali t y Chronic survival, growth, and reproduction effects on Barton Sp rings sala m ander indivi duals vi a direct effect s May affect and likely to adversely affect May affect and likely to adversely affect Acute risk LOC is exce eded based on the m o st sensi tive surrogate freshwater verteb ra te data and a variety of assu m p tions about num b er s of applications and the percentage of area tre a ted. Chronic risk LOC is exce e d ed based on the m o st sensitive surrogate freshwater vertebrate data. If the maxi m u m nu m b er of applications was r e duced to three, then the determination wou l d be no effect. Indirect effec t s to Barton Springs sala m ander via reduction of prey ( i.e. freshwat e r invertebrates) May affect and likely to adversely affect Acute risk LOC is exce eded based on the m o st sensi tive surrogate freshwater invertebra te data. Even using le ss conservative assu m p tions regarding application rates a nd the percentage of areas si multaneously treated in the BSSEA, the likelihood of a c ute m o rtality of pre y item s is considered high. Additionally the species sensitivity distribution for freshwater invertebrates indicates that the toxicity endpoint used fo r evaluating effects to invertebrates is not conserv a tive even though it is the m o st sensitiv e species. Indirect effec t s to Barton Springs sala m ander via reduction of habitat and/or prim ary productivi t y ( i.e. aquatic plants) No effect Carbary l use does not dire ctly affect individual non vascular aqua tic plants in Barton Springs. Estimate d peak EECs for all m odeled carbary l use scenarios with in the action area are w e ll below the threshold concentration for aquatic, non-vascular plants. Page 74 of 6 0 2

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U.S. EPA. 2004b. Interim Reregi stration Eligibility Decision for Carbaryl, List A, Case 0080. Oct. 22, 2004 (http://www.epa.gov/opps rrd1/REDs/carbaryl_ired.pdf). U.S. EPA. 2005. Pesticide Root Zone Model (PRZM) Field and Orchar d Crop Scenarios: Guidance for Selecting Field Crop and Orchard Scenario In put Param e ters, Vers ion II. Water Quality Tech Team, Environm ental Fate and Effects Division, Offi ce of Pest ici d e Program s, U.S. Environm ental Protection Agency. W a shington, D.C. 20460. April, 2005. U.S. EPA. 2006. Risks of Atrazine Use to Federally Li sted Endangered Barton Springs Salam a nders ( Eurycea s o sorum ): Pestic ide Ef f e cts Determ ination. Environm ental Fate and Effects Division, Office of Pesticide P r ogram s U.S. Environm ental P r otection Agency. Washington, D.C. 20460. Aug. 22, 2006 (http://www.epa.gov/oppfead1/e ndanger/effects/atrazine/atr azine_salam a nder_analysis.p df). U.S. EPA. 2007a. Risks of Diazinon Use to Federally Listed Endangered Barton Springs Salam a nders ( Eurycea s o sorum ): Pestic ide Ef f e cts Determ ination. Environm ental Fate and Effects Division, Office of Pesticide P r ogram s U.S. Environm ental P r otection Agency. Washington, D. C. 20460. May 9, 2007 ( http://www.epa.gov/oppfead1/endanger/ effects/bss-diazinon-assessm e nt.pdf ). U.S. EPA 2007b. Risks of Metolachlor Use to Federally Listed Endangered Barton Springs Salam a nder ( Eurycea so sorum ). Environm ental Fate an d Effects Division, Offi ce of Pesticide Program s, U.S. Environm e n tal Pr otection Agency. W a shington, D.C. 20460. May 2007. http://www.epa.gov/oppfead1/endanger/li tstatus/effects/bss-m e tolachlor analysis.pdf U. S. Fish and W ildlife Service (USFW S ). 198 9. Final Biological Opinion (EHC/BFA/9-89-1) in Response to U.S. Environm ental Protectio n Agencys September 30, 1988, Request for Consultation on Their Pe sticide Labeling Program. U.S. Fish and W ildlife Service (USFWS) and Na ti onal Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS). 1998. Endangered Species Consultation H a ndbook: P r ocedures for Conducting Consultation and Conference Activities Under Section 7 of th e Endangered Species A c t. Final Draft. March 1998. U.S. Fish and W ildlife Service (USFWS) 2005. Barton Springs Salam a nder ( Eurycea sosorum ) Recovery Plan. Southwest Region, USFWS, Al buquerque, New Mexico. USDA. 2006. Soil Survey Areas of Hays Countie s, Texas. U.S. De partm e nt of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation S e rvice (NRCS), Soil Data Mart. March 1, 2006 (http://soildatam art.nrcs.usda.gov). USDA. 2007. Texas Livestock Inventory and Production by Count y. U.S. Departm e nt of Agriculture, Nationa l Agricu ltur a l Statis tic s Service. Page 79 of 6 0 2

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http://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State /Texas/Publications/County_Estim ates/ce_l p.htm Accessed on March 22, 2007. USGS. 1997. Pesticid e s in the atm o sphere. United Sta t es Geologica l Survey, National W a terQuality Assessm ent. Fact Sheet FS-15295. Last modified 14 February 1997 (http ://ca.wa ter.usgs.gov / pnsp/atm o s/index.htm l ). USGS. 2003. U.S. Ge ological Survey, Natio nal Mapping Division, R o cky Mountain Mapping Center. Edwards Aquifer Land Use / Land C over. D e nver, Colorado (http ://www.tceq.s tate. t x us/gis /lu lc.h tm l). USGS. 2006. National W a ter Qua lity Assessment (NAW QA) Progra m (http://water.usgs.gov/nawqa/). USGS. 2007. 2002 Pesticide use maps: Carbaryl -insecticide-2002 estimated annual ag ricultural use. U.S. Geological Survey, Pest icide National Synthesis Project. http://ca.water.usgs.gov/pnsp/pesticide _use_m a ps/show_m ap.php? year=02&m a p= m 6 006 Accessed 25 July 2007 Waite, D.T., R. Grover, N.D. W e s t cott, D.G. Irvine, L.A. Kerr and H. Sommerstad. 1995. At m o spheric Deposition of Pes ticides in a S m all Southern Saskatch ewan W a tershed. Environ. Toxicol. and C h em. 14 :1171-1175. W i ndholz M., S. Budavari, R. Blum etti, and E. Otterbein. 1976. The Merck Index: an encycloped i a of Chem icals, Drugs and Bi ologicals, 9th edn. Rahway, NJ, USA. Woodrow, J.E., Seiber, J.N. and L.W. Baker. 1997. Correlation techniques for estim ating pesticide volatilization flux and downwind c oncentrations. Environm ental Science and Technology, 31 : 523-529. 6.1. Submitted studies MRID 00159342. Chib, J. 1986. Sevin Brand Carbar yl Insecticide: Bioconcentration and Fat e of Carbaryl in Bluegill Sunfish (Lepom is m a c r ochirus): Project No. 801R10: File No. 34540. Unpublished study prepared by Union Ca rbide A g ricultural P r oducts Co., Inc. and Analytical Biochem i stry L a boratory, Inc. 46 p. MRID 00163847. Khasawinah, A. 1977. Hydrolysis of Carbaryl in Aqueous Buffe r Solutions: Project No. 111A12. Unpublished study prepar ed by Union Carbide Corp. in cooperation with International Research and Developm ent Corp. 23 p. MRID 41982603. Das, Y. 1990. Photodegradation of 1-Naphthyl14 C-Carbaryl in Aqueous Solution Buffered at pH 5 Under Artificia l Sunlight: L a b Project Num b er: 90060. Unpublished study prepared by Innovative Sc ientific Services, Inc. 101 p. Page 80 of 6 0 2

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MRID 42372102. Lintott, d. R. 1992. Carbaryl Technical: Acute Toxicity to Duckweed, Lemna gibba G3, Under Static Test Conditions. Laboratory Project ID No. J9112004g. Conducted by Toxikon Environm e n tal Scienc es, Jupiter, FL. Subm itted by Rh onePoulenc Ag Com p any, Research Triangle Park, N C MRID 42785101. Miller, N. 1993. Metabolism of 14 C-Carbaryl under A e r obic Soil Conditions: Lab Project Num b er: EC-90124. Unpublished study prepar ed by Rhone-Poulenc Ag Co. in cooperation with Cook College, C e nter for Advanced Food Tech. 186 p. MRID 42785102. Miller, N. 1993. Metabolism of 14 C-Carbaryl under An aerobic Aquatic Soi l Conditions: Lab Project Num b er: E C -90-125. Unpublished study prepared by RhonePoulenc Ag Co. in cooperation with Cook Co llege, Center for Advanced Food Tech. 260 p. MRID 43143401. Misra, B. 1994. Aerobic Aquatic Metabolism of 14 C-Carbaryl: Final Report: Lab Project Num b er: ME/9200153: EC/92/227. Unpublis hed study prepared by Pittsbu rgh E nvironm ental Resear ch Lab., Inc. 12 5 p. MRID 43259301. Skinner, W 1994. Soil Ads o rption/Desorption of 14 C-Carbaryl by the Batch Equilib rium Method: Lab Project Nu mber: 446W : 446W 1. Unpublished study prepared by PTRL West Inc. 113 p. MRID 43320701. Skinner, W 1994. Aged Leaching of 14 C-Carbary l in Four Soils: Lab Project Num b er: 447W : 447W / 1: EC/93/251. Unpublis hed study prepared by PTRL W e st, Inc. 147 p. MRID 43439801. Norris, F. 1994. A Forestry Dissipation Study with Ca rbaryl: Lab Project Num b er: 44555: US93S01R. Unpublished stud y prepared by Rhone-Poulenc Ag Co.; Collins Agr i cultu ral Con s ultan t s, Inc. ; and Colo ra do Analytic al Resea r ch & Develop m ent Corp. 976 p. MRID 44759301. Carpenter, M. 1990. Hydrolysis of 14 C-Carba r y l in Aqueous Solution s Buffered at pH 5, 7, and 9: Carbaryl Insecticide: Lab Project Num b er: 38380. Unpublished study prepared by Analytical Bi o-C h em istry Laboratories, Inc. 83 p. Page 81 of 6 0 2

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Appendix A. ECOTO X Open Literature Rev i ew s. Open Liter a ture Revie w Summary Chemical N a me: Carb aryl CAS No: 63-25-2 ECOTOX Record Number and Citation: 15745 Boone, M. D. and C. M. Bridges. 1999. The Effect of Temperature on th e Potency of Carbaryl for Survi val of Tadpoles of the Green Frog (Rana clamitans) Environm ental Toxicology and Chem istry 18(7): 1482 1484. Purpose of Review (DP Barcode or Litigation): Endangered species ass e ssm ent Date of Review : May 27, 2007 Summary of Study Findings: Green frog ( Rana clamitan s ) tadpoles weighing an av erage of 80 mg ( 15 m g ) (Gosner Stage 25) were exposed to one of nine che m i cal tr eat ments, i.e. water control, solvent (acetone 0.5 m L /L), 3.5, 5.0, 7.2, 10 .3, 14 7 21.0 and 3 0 .0 m g carbary l/L and to one of three t e m p erature tr eat ments, i.e. 17, 22, o r 27 o C, in a 96-hr static test. The tests were conducte d in 3.8-L glass jars contai ning 2 L of well water (ph 7.8, hardness 286 m g /L a s CaCO 3 ). Each treatment was replicat ed three times. Ten tadpoles were random ly assigned to each glass jar and the percent m o rt ality was deter m ined at 12, 24, 48, a nd 96 hours. Tadpoles were not fed duri ng the exp o su re. Average survival was significantly diffe rent at each te m p erature tr eat ment. At 24 hours survival was significa ntly lower at 27 o C without exposure to o t her chem icals. L o wer concentrations (3.5, 5.0, 7. 2 and 10 .3 m g /L) were not significantl y different fr om controls (survival > 96% ). The two greatest concentrations (21 an d 3 0 m g /L) were significantl y d i ffe rent from controls at all tim e s and ha d an average survival belo w 42% with no tadpo les survivin g in t h e 30 m g /L group for 96 ho urs.. Tadpol es at 17 and 22 o C had greater survival at higher con centrations than tadpoles at 27 o C. At 4 8 hours, t h e LC 50 at 27 o C was 16.17 mg/L and at 17 o C the LC 50 was 26.01 mg/L. B y 9 6 h ours, the LC 50 at 27 o C (11.32 m g /L) was twice as larg e as at 17 o C (22.02 m g /L); that is, a smaller am o unt of carbary l was needed to induce m o rt ality at a high tem p erature ( Table 22 ) The authors conclude that te m p era t ure, che m ic a l concentration, and the inte raction of te m p erature a nd che m ic al si gnificantly affected survival; generally increased te mperature resul t ed in lowe r survival. According to the aut hors, the study suggests a range of tem p eratures realistic for a species shoul d be used in t oxicit y tests. T a bl e 22 M e di an l e th al c o ncen tr ati o ns (L C 50 ) in m g /L (ppm ) for aquatic phase green fr ogs ( R. cla m itans ) exposed to c a rbar yl for var i ous lengths of expos u re an d temper atur es. Values in parenthese s represent 95 % confidence interval ). Time (hrs) Temp eratur e o C 17 o 22 o 27 o 24 <30 22.5 5 (20.96 2 4 .2 7) 17.5 7 (16.29 1 8 .9 5) 48 26.0 1 (24.74 27 .3 5) 21.7 6 (20.30 2 3 .3 3) 16.1 7 (15.14 1 7 .2 6) 72 24.8 0 (23.57 2 6 .1 0) 20.0 2 (18.56 2 1 .6 0) 14.8 8 (13.83 1 6 .0 2) 96 22.0 2 (20.62 2 3 .5 2) 17.3 6 (16.24 1 8 .5 6) 11.3 2 (10.42 1 2 .2 9) Page 82 of 6 0 2

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Description of Use in Document (QUAL, QUAN, INV): Qualitative Rationale for Use : Study provides useful inform ation on the m e dian lethal concentration of carbaryl at varying lengths of e xposures and temperatures. The st udy is useful for qualitatively characterizing the effect of tem p erature on the to xicity of carba ryl to aquatic-phase amphibians. Limita tions of Study: Egg m a sses were collected in the wild (pond at the Baskett W ildlife Research A r ea, Ashland, Missouri. Loadin g rate (10 tadpoles/2 L) exceeds the EPA recomm ended rate of 1 tadpole/L. Individual treatm e nt concentr ations were not verified; only the sto c k so lution was analytically m easured. C oncentration (0.5 m l/L) of co-solvent (acetone) exceeded E P A recommended m a ximum of 0.1 mL/L Primary Review er: Thom as Steeger, Ph.D., Senior Biolog ist Page 83 of 6 0 2

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Chemical N a me: Carbaryl CAS No: 63-25-2 ECOTOX Record Number and Citation: 72411 Bridges, C. M., F. J. Dwyer, D. k. Hardesty and D. W h ites. 2002. Com p arative Contam i n ant Toxicity: Are Amphibian Larvae More Sensitiv e th an Fish ? En vironm ental Toxi cology and Chem istry 69(4): 5 62 569. Purpose of Review (DP Barcode or Litigation): Endangered species assessm ent in response to litigation. Date of Review : May 27, 2007 Summary of Study Findings: Egg m a sses of southern leopard frogs collected from W ilson County, TN, reared in lab. Ani m als (3-wks posthatch) were at relativl ey uniform size (0.05 m g ) and developm ent stage (Gosner Stage 25) were fasted 24 hours prior to study initiation. Study was conducted at 22 o C; alkalinity 115 m g /L as CaCO 3 ; hardness 171 m g /L as CaCO 3 ; pH 8.32. Five chem icals were selected b a sed on their di ffering m odes of action. Chem icals included 4 nonylphenol (narcotic/oxidative st ressor), carbaryl ( acetylcholinesterase inhibitor), copper (osm oregulatory obstructor), perm ethrin (n eurotoxin) and pentach lorophenol (oxidative phosphorylation inhibitor); all stoc k solutions except copper were dissolved in technical grade acetone; co pper prep ared in deion i zed water. C oncentrations in each of the organic s t ock solutions was confirm e d using liquid chrom a togr aphy; copper concentration of stock solution confirm e d using atom ic absorption. Toxicity tests were cond ucted in tr ip lica t e u s ing 19.6-L ja rs containing 15 L of ATSM hard water. Each chem ical tested used 6 conc entrations. Ten tadpoles were tested per replica t e Mortality was record ed at 6, 12, 24, 48, 72 and 96 hrs. Dissolved oxygen was m easured at 0, 48 and 96 hrs and pH was m e asured at 0 and 96 hrs. Dissolved oxygen did not fall below EPA-r ecomm ended standard s and m o rtality in the controls d i d no t exceed 10%. Tadpoles were fasted during th e study. The study concludes that based on the 96-hr LC 50 values ( Ta b l e 2 3 ), tadpoles were, in general, of equal or greater toleran ce to organic chem ical com pounds than were reported fish ( Table 24 ); fish toxicity data were pulled from other sources However, southern leopard frogs were m o re sensitive to copper than were th e fish. According to the study au thors, southern leopard frog tadpoles were significantly m o re t o lerant to bot h carbaryl and per m ethrin when com p ared to other species. Based on 96-hr LC 50 the rank order of toxicity of com p ounds to southern leopard frogs, from greatest to least toxic w a s: perm ethrin>copper>pentachlorophenol>4 nonylphenol>carbaryl. Since tadpoles were alw a ys of equal or gr eater tolerance than published Page 84 of 6 0 2

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24 and 96-hr LC 50 s f o r rainbow trou t, rain bow trout [accord ing to the autho r s] m a y be conservative for m a ny c h em icals and therefore prot ective o f am phibians. However, the authors also conclu de that s i nce the s outhern leopard frog was m o re sens itiv e to one of the chem icals, more of an effort should be expended to incl ude amphibians in aquati c toxicity testing. Table 23. Median lethal concentr ati o n (96-hr ) in mg/ L to aq uati c ph ase s o ut hern l e op ard fr og f o r 5 chemicals. Values in parentheses repre se nt 95% confidence inter v al. Endpoint Chemical 4-nony lphe nol g/L Carbary l mg/L Cop p er mg/L P e ntac hlor ophenol mg/L Perm eth r in g/L 96 hr LC 50 0.34 (0.31 0.37) 8.4 (7.4 9.6) 0.23 (0.21 0.25) 0.14 (0.12 0.17) 18.2 T a bl e 24 C o mpari s on o f 9 6 -h r L C 50 val u es across s p e c ies for 5 c h e m icals. Values in pare nthe ses are 9 5 % confidence intervals Only s o uthern le opar d fr ogs were teste d in the c u rrent study. Te st Animals Chemical 4-nony lphe nol g/L Carbary l mg/L Cop p er mg/L P e ntac hlor ophenol mg/L Perm eth r in g/L Boreal toad tadpoles 0.12 (0.09 0.15) 12.31 (10.3 14.7) 0.12 (0.07 0.18) 0.37 (0.25 0.42) >10 Bluegill sunfish NA 6.2 7.3 0.19 6.2 Fathead minnow 0.27 5.21 0.47 0.25 9.38 Rainbow trou t 0.19 1.88 0.88 0.016 3.31 Southern leopar d frog tadpo les 0.34 (0.31 0.37) 8.4 (7.4 9.6) 0.23 (0.21 0.25) 0.14 (0.12 0.17) 18.2 Description of Use in Document (QUAL, QUAN, INV): Qualitative Rationale for Use: Study provides useful inform ation on th e toxicity of carbaryl to aquaticphase am phibians and on the sensitivity of am phibian s to p e sticides r e la tiv e to othe r te st spec ies. Limita tions of Study: Test anim als were collected from the field where there previous exposure history is unknown. Verificatio n of test concentrations wa s conducted on the organic stock solution s an d not on th e diluted test solution s L o ading rate (10 tadpole s/15 L) was higher than EPA recomm eded rate of 1 tadpole/L. Concentra tion of acetone in solven t control not reported. Primary Review er: Thom as Steeger, Ph.D, Senior Biolog ist. Page 85 of 6 0 2

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Chemical N a me: Carbaryl CAS No: 63-25-2 ECOTOX Record Number and Citation: 13800 Peterson, H. G., C. Boutin, P. Martin, K. E. Frem ark, N. J. Ruecker, and M. J. Moody. 1994. Aquatic phyto-toxicity of 23 pesticides applied at expected environm ental concentrati ons. Aquatic Toxicology 28(314): 275 292. Purpose of Review (DP Barcode or Litigation): Endangered species assessm ent in response to litigation. Date of Review : May 27, 2007 Summary of Study Findings: All species of algae and cya nobacteria tested were from established laboratory cultures, m a intained as chem ostat cultures (stead y-state populations of nutrient-lim ited cells using defined m e dia and se t dilu tio n rates ) Species includ ed: diatom ( Cyclotella meneghiana ), green algae ( Scenedesmus quadricauda and Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata ), unicellu lar cyanob acteria ( Microcystus aeruginosa (P PC7820 and U2063), filam e ntous cyanobacteria ( Pseudoanabaena sp. and O s cilla toria sp.), and filam e ntous cyanobacteria (nitrogen-fixing) ( A phanizomenon flos-aquae and Anabaena inaequalis ). Duckweed ( Lemna gibba ) was obtained from a pond near Saskatoon, Saskatchewan (C N). For algae, each treatm e nt unit consisted of a 7 m l vial filled with 2 m l of m e dia and innoculated with 0.2 m l of pesticide solution (total volum e 2.2 m l ). Mixtures were incubated f o r 6 hours, then 0.01 Ci of Na H 14 CO 3 were added and then furthe r inclubated for 16 hours while undergoing constant agitation. Aft e rward 200 L of 12.5% HCl was added to term inate the incubations and to convert any i no rganic (unf ixed by the algae) 14 C to the g a s p h ase, which was then ex hausted. Te sts were replicated in trip lica t e. Duckweed was incubated in 6-well 12 m l m i cr oplate con t a i ning 10-m l f ill volum e contain i ng 3 m a ture duckweed leaves per well with 4 replicates Leaves were counted after 7 days. Growth inhibition w a s expressed as a portion of of controls. Pestic ide ex posure was based on the es tim ate d environm ental conce n tra tion res u lting f r om m a xi m u m registered application label rate for agriculture us e in Canada Results of the sing le co ncentr ation toxic ity tes t s are pres en ted in Tables 25 2 8. Inhibition exeeded 75% for each of the triazines in all sp ecies except the nitrogen-fixing cyanobacterium Anabaena in aequalis, for which i nhibition ranged from 58 to 65% ( Table 25 ). Triazines caused > 95% growth inhib itio n of duckweed. The f our sulf onylurea he r b icide s had little to n o inhibition of algal sp ecies at th e co ncentration s tested but did cause si gnificant stimulation of growth in s o m e of the species te ste d ( Table 26 ). For three of the four sulfonylurea herbicides, growth was inhibited > 63% in duckweed. The phenoxyaldane a nd pyridine herbicid es tested had low toxic ity to alg a l sp e c ies a t the c oncentr atio ns tested and caused less than 50% inhibition of growth in d u ckweed ( Ta b l e 2 7 ). P i cloram had not significant im pact on any of th e test sp ecies while tr iclo pyr cause s i gnif i can t stim ulation of growth in green alga e and nitro g en-f ixing cyanobacteria. Triclopyr significa ntly reduced plant growth in Pseudoanabaena and duckweed but stim ulated growth of Nitzchia by 40% ( Table 28 ). Acrole in a nd tebu thiur on inhib ite d growth by >70% in almost all of the species te sted. Glyphosate signifi cantly inhibited growth Page 86 of 6 0 2

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> 73% in only 3 of the species tested ( Table 27 ). The two form s (form u lated and technical) of the fungicide propioconazole had < 20% inhibition in all species test ed and stim ulated growth in cyanobacteria and diato m s. Carbaryl caused > 50% inhibition in 9 of the 10 algal species tested; diatom s were less sensitive (33% inhibition) ( Table 28 ); however, carbofuran had relativley low inhibition in the plants tested. Carbofur an though significantly inhibited Scendesm us Microcystis and duckweed by 21 31%. The authors proceed to rank the pesticides based on the known EEC/EC 50 (EC 50 values were not determ ined in this study) ratios based on the result s of this study. The following categories were developed: very high E E C/EC 50 >1 since the EE C tested cau sed >50% difference in growth; high where 25 50% differences in growth; m o dera te where 5 25% differences in growth; potentially low where<5% differences in gr owth. Base d on these rankings, the author s concluded that the triazine herbicides, diquat, ac role in, tebu thiuron and carba ryl wer e classif i ed as high hazards to alm o st all of the plant sp ecies tested and only picloram presented a low hazard. The authors noted the high algal toxicity of carba ryl at its estim a ted environm enal concentratio n and speculated that because carbaryl is not as acutely toxic to ins ects o r vertebrates as carbofuran, it is reg i stered for in sect control at much higher rate s and that while it m a y not have a grea ter intrinsic tox i city to a l gae, its higher rate of use and hence 5fold higher EEC m a kes it a greater hazard to th e aqu a tic environ m ent. Page 87 of 6 0 2

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Table 25. Per cent in hibition of pl an t gr owth ac ross he rbicides; values in parenthe s es represe n t standard devi ati o n. Expos u re based on m axim u m label rates Simaz i ne is te sted as form ulated e n dpr oduct while other herbic ides are technical gr ade. Famil y S p ecies Triaz i ne Sulfony lur e a Atraz i ne 2. 67 m g /L Cy anaz ine 2. 67 m g /L Hexaz ione 2. 87 m g /L M e t ribu z i ne 2. 67 m g /L Sima z i ne 2. 67 m g /L Ch lors u l fu ron 0. 020 m g /L Ethametsulfuron 0. 015 m g /L Mets u lfu r on 0. 003 m g /L Tr isulfur o n 0. 018 m g /L Algae C. menegh iana 97* (1) 98* (0) 98* (1) 98* (0) 83* (5) -8 (6) -4 (3) -16 (9) 13 (14) Nitzschia 99* (0) 99* (0) 99* (0) 99* (0) 82* (5) -6 (10) -10 (12) -9 (8) -39* (9) S. quadricauda 96* (1) 95* (2) 96* ( 1) 96* (1) 93* (2) -3 (10) 0 (5) -6 (11) -8 (13) P. subcap itat 99* (0) 100* (0) 100* (0) 100* (0) 99* (0) -13 (12) -11 (8) 27* (3) -3 (10) Cy ano bacteria M. (PCC7820) 96* (1) 98* (0) 96* (0) 97* (1) 96* (1) -1 (17) 0 (6) 1 (9) -15 (4) M (U2063) 84* ( 0) 97* (0) 95* (0) 94* (0) 92* (0) -23* (3) 16 (3) 14* (4) -10 (4) Oscilatoria 87* (0) 87* (0) 76* (2) 87* (1) 86* (3) -17 (14) -12* (3) 2 (7) 8 (3) Pseudoanabaen a 91* (0) 97* ( 1) 96* (1) 97* (0) 96* (0) -2 (7) 13 (9) -7 (12) 1 (2) Anabaena 65* (2) 92* (3) 58* (8) 94* ( 2) 63* (2) -4 (6) 0 (3) -9 (8) 15 (4) Aphanisomenon 97* (1) 98* (1) 96* (1) 97* (1) 88* (5) 4 (14) -9 (12) -36* (5) -13 (13) Duck weed Lemna 95* (5) 100* (0) 100* (0) 100* (0) 100* (0) 86* (5) 33* (6) 63* (0) 91* (0) statistically siginificant at 95% Page 88 of 6 0 2

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Table 26. Per cent in hibition of pl an t gr owth ac ross he rbicides; values in parenthe s es represe n t standard devi ati o n. Expos u re based on m axim u m label rates Herbici d es tes t ed are technic a l gr ade. Famil y S p ecies Phenoxy alkanes P y r i dine s Bro m inated Her b icides 2, 4D 2. 92 m g /L MCP A 1. 4 m g /L Piclo r a m 1. 76 m g /L Triclopyr 2. 56 m g /L Bro m oxoil 0. 28 m g /L Diquat 0. 73 m g /L Algae C. menegh iana 0 (5) -3 (8) -12 (5) -15 (12) 6 (3) 99* (1) Nitzschia 1 (10) -18* (5) -7 (21) -4 (3) -40* (11) 100* (0) S. quadricauda -1 (12) 1 (3) -7 (12) 13 (9) -11 (8) 53* (13) P. subcap itat -2 (9) -18* (8) -2 (8) -24* (6) 14 (2) 69* (8) Cy ano bacteria M. (PCC7820) 9 (8) 0 (24) 3 (8) -10 (8) 0 (7) 100* (0) M (U2063) 11 (13) 8 (5) -27 (6) -2 (12) -6 (20) 100* (0) Oscilatoria 4 (9) -7 (16) 8 (1) -9 (3) -11 (20) 100* (0) Pseudoanabaen a -7 (6) 19* (2) 15 (10) 13* (3) 24 (12) 100* (0) Anabaena -14 (8) -15 (11) 14 (8) -4 (13) -12 (8) 100* (0) Aphanisomenon 0 (1) 11 (7) 0 (17) -34* (16) 5 (2) 100* (0) Duck weed Lemna 34* (5) 42* (3) 10 (5) 23* (4) -4 (2) 100* (0) Page 89 of 6 0 2

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Table 27. Per cent in hibition of pl an t gr owth ac ross he rbicides; values in parenthe s es represe n t standard devi ati o n. Expos u re based on m axim u m label rates Glyp hosate is te sted as formul a ted e ndpr oduc t wh ile other herbi c ides are tech nical gr ade Famil y S p ecies Acrolein 1. 0 m g /L Glyphosate 2. 85 m g /L I m a z et hapyr 0. 067 m g /L Metolachlor 3. 0 m g /L Tebuthiuron 5.87 mg/L Algae C. menegh iana 97* (1) 73* (3) -5 (5) -5 (1) 98* (1) Nitzschia 99* (0) 77* (5) -11 (8) 0 (4) 99* (0) S. quadricauda 99* (0) 3 (1) 10 (5) 15 (6) 90 (4) P. subcap itat 97* (2) 18 (15) 7 (5) 24* (12) 100* (0) Cy ano bacteria M. (PCC7820) 100* (0) -41 (5) 29* (3) 3 ( 11) 90* (1) M (U2063) 96* (1) 16 (5) 16 (5) 6 (4) 88* (2) Oscilatoria 95* (1) -12 (4) -2 (7) 12 (1) 76* (0) Pseudoanabaen a 100* (0) 12 (6) 3 (5) 19* (8) 93* (1) Anabaena 100* (0) 11 (11) -16 (3) 0 (4) 26* (3) Aphanisomenon 100* (0) 74* (1) 10 (9) -15 (17) 89* (3) Duck weed Lemna 73* (2) 0 (4) 46* (0) 81* (0) 100* (0) Page 90 of 6 0 2

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T a bl e 28 Perc ent i nhi bi ti on of pl an t gr ow t h acr o ss pes t i c i d es; value s i n parentheses represent stan dard de viation. E x p o sure b ased on m a ximum label rates Propiconaz olee is tes t ed as formul a te d endpr o duct and tec hni cal gr ade while other pestici d es are tec hni cal gr ade al one. Famil y S p ecies Carbary l 3.67 mg/L Carbofuran 0.67 mg/L Propiconaz ole (tech) 0.083 mg/L Propiconaz ol (form) 0.083 mg/L Algae C. menegh iana 35* (8) 4 (4) 3 (5) -28* (11) Nitzschia 58* (7) -6 (23) 32 (3) -36* (4) S. quadricauda 67* (12) 31* (5) 0 (6) 13* (8) P. subcap itat 68* (2) 1 (3) 13 (3) -10 (8) Cy ano bacteria M. (PCC7820) 76* (5) 24* (3) 3 (6) -4 (10) M (U2063) 70* (3) 8 (6) -13 (5) 8 (7) Oscilatoria 56* (4) 3 (15) -6 (8) -15* (4) Pseudoanabaen a 86* (2) 8 (12) -10 (5) -13 (3) Anabaena 86* (6) 5 (21) -14 (18) -1 (22) Aphanisomenon 73* (1) -2 (7) -16 (1) -25 (12) Duck weed Lemna 33* (9) 21* (8) 32* (6) 10 (4) Page 91 of 6 0 2

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Description of Use in Document (QUAL, QUAN, INV): Qaulitative Rationale for Use: Even though only a single concentration is tested, the study provides useful inf o rm ation on the poten tia l ef f ects o f pesticid es on aquatic p l ants at con c entrations th at m a y be considered environm entally relevant. Limita tions of Study: Duckweek was collected from the w ild and prior exposure history is uncertain. Only a sing le concen tra t ion is tes t ed at each. T e st con centrations are n o m i nal and were not m easured. Lig h t source an d inte nsity during the study were not reported. Primary Review er: Thom as Steeger, Ph.D., Senior Biolog ist. Page 92 of 6 0 2

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Chemical N a me: Carbaryl CAS No: 63-25-2 ECOTOX Record Number and Citation: 15683. Zaga, A., E. E. Little, C. F. R a beni and M. R. Ellersieck. 1998. Photoenhanced toxicity of a carbam a te insectic ide to early life stage anuran am phibians. Environm e n tal Toxicology and Chem istry 17 (12): 2543 2553. Purpose of Review (DP Barcode or Litigation): Endangered species assessm ent in response to litigation. Date of Review : May 28, 2007 Summary of Study Findings: The purpose of this study was to determ ine the effects of UVB radiation and the insecticide carbaryl, both alon e and in co mbination, on African clawed frogs ( Xenopus laevis ) and th e gray tree f r og ( H y la v e rsico lor ). Adult gray tree frogs were collected for m the Thom as S. Baskett W ildlife Center, Ashland, MO, and bred in lab. Tadpoles (approxim a tely 7 days post-hatch) were used in the study. African clawed frog adults were obtained from Xenopus 1 and bred in lab. Acute LC 50 toxicity studies were perform e d usi ng the ASTM guidelines for am phibians. Technical grade carbaryl was dissolved in aceton e. Static ren e wal tests cons isteed of 2 replicates with 10 tadp oles per treatm ent. Carbaryl con cen trations were 0.24, 0.81, 2.7, 9 and 30 m g /L. Experim e nts were perform e d in solar sim u lators having a light-cap fixt ure containing four 160 W UV-B lamps with peak em ission at 313 nm, eight UV-A lam p s, 10 cool-white flourescent lam p s and t h ree halide lam p s. The cool white and UV-A l a m p s operated for 12 hr s each day while the UV-B la m p s operated for 5 hours each day which began 2.5 hr after the onset of the UVA-cool white light photoperiod. The UV-A cool white operated for 4.5 hours after the UV-B exposure to ensure sufficient irradiance for photorepair. The exposure cham bers were constructed of glass (14 x 14 x 14 cm 2 ). Ultrav iole tB LD 50 with X. laevis em bryos were static, nonrenew al tests consisting of two replicates with 10 organism s per treatm e nt. Th e test chamber consisted of 14 x 14 cm glass containing 1 l of well w a ter m a intianed between 22 24 o C. Test treatments included 0.88, 3.3, 148, 166 and 293 W /cm 3 of UV-B. Sim ilar treatm e nts were conducted with Xenopus tadpoles using 3.86, 24.48, 54.95 and 64.39 W /c m 3 of UV-B and with gray tr ee frog tadpoles using 4.79, 46.15, 63.95 and 78.7 W /c m 3 of UV-B. Studies (96 hr) with UV-B and carbaryl com b ined were perform e d for each species an d life stage under static conditions. UV-B consis ted of two doses, 6 and 65 W /c m 3 as well as a control for UV-B. Treatm e nt concentrations f o r carb a ryl c onsisted of three carbary l concentrations and a solvent (acetone) control. Each exposure cham ber consisted of three replicates with 10 organism s/replicate at a tem p eratu r e of 23 + 1 o C. Hatching success was m e asured in experim e nts with em bryos of both species. Post exposure growth inhibition and m o r t ality were Page 93 of 6 0 2

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evaluated for gray tree f r og em bryos only when the survivors of the 96-hr tadpole study were then transferred to clean water for a 2 wk recovery period. Photoactivation of carbaryl wa s evaluated by irradiat ing the carbaryl cham ber containing 7.5 mg/L of carbl at 4 W /cm 3 UV-B for 5 hrs before tadpoles were introduced. Photosensitizaition studies involved exposure to nonirra diated carbaryl for 4 days. The exposed em bryos were then placed in ch am bers with no UV radiation in clea n water to d e term ine whether d e lay e d m o rtality would occur. Em bryos were also placed in ch ambers and s ubjected to low UV-B (4 W /cm 3 ) to determ ine whether carbaryl was a photosens itizing com pound. These studies used three replicates in 14x14x14 cm3 gl ass cham bers. Carbaryl concentra tions of 7.5 m g /L was used and was below the m easured LC50 (15.25 m g /L). The irradiation (4 W /cm 3 ) was well be low the LD50 (112 W /c m 3 ) for UV-B. The UV-B levels used in the study were consis tently lower than those m easured in outdoor ponds. The UV-B LD 50 for X. laevis and H. versico lo r tadpoles w e re 4.66 (95% CI: 3.28 6.05) and 80.43 (60.15 100.7) W /c m 3 respectiv ely. Th e LD 50 for X e nopus em bryos was 112.28 (74.13 150.43) W /c m 3 The 96-hr acute LC 50 va l u e for X. laevis and H. versicolor tadpoles were 1.73 (95% CI: 1.31 2.16) and 2.47 (1.76 3.19) m g /L, respectivley. For X. la evis em bryos the 96-hr LC 50 value was 15.25 (10.89 19.59) m g /L. UV-B induc ed significant tadpole mortality in all com b ination treatm e nts for both X. laevis and H. versicolor; however, revised LC 50 values were not calculated. There were no significant differences in grow th of H. ve rsicolor am ong treatm e n t groups 2 weeks after exposure; h o wever, there were signi ficant differences for delayed m o rtality am ong carbaryl treatm ents. Behavior studies of X. laevis showed that 1 day of exposure to carbaryl in the absense of UV-B, tadpoles significantly increased swi m m i ng a c tiv ely compared to controls. Under UV-B exposure, the swi m m i ng activity was significantly lowe r that that of controls. For H. versicolor, swimming behavior was significan tly reduced for tadpoles exposed to UB-B alone, carbaryl alone, or U V -B in combination with carbaryl com p ared to contro ls. Irrad i ated carbaryl treatm e nt (7.5 mg/L) indu ced 100% m o rtality in X. laevis em bryos whereas the nonirrad i ated carbaryl treatm e nt did not cau s e any m o rtality. Page 94 of 6 0 2

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The m o rtality of X. laevis em byros (43%) previously exposed to carbaryl and subsequently exposed to UV-B was not significa ntly different from previously exposed em bryos (33%) that did not receive subsequent UV-B exposure. Description of Use in Document (QUAL, QUAN, INV): Qualitative Rationale for Use: Study provides useful inf o rm ation on carbaryl 96-hr LC50 values for X. laevis and H. versicolor and dem onstra t es that sunligh t ca n inf l ue nce the tox i city of carbary l to both em bryonic and larval am phibians. Limita tions of Study: Gray tree frogs were collected from the wild and their previous exposure history is unknown. Re ported conc entrations are nom inal and were not verified. C oncentration of acetone (s olvent) in th e treatm ents is not reported. Primary Review er: Thom as Steeger, Ph.D., Senior Biolog ist. Page 95 of 6 0 2

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Chemical N a me: Carbaryl CAS No: 63-25-2 ECOTOX Record Number and Citation: 17138 Brooke, L. T. 1991. Results of freshwater exposures with the chemi cals atrazine, biphenyl, butachlor, ca rbaryl, carbazole, dibenzofuran, 3, 3-dichlorobenzidine, diclor ovos, 1, 2-epoxyethylbenzene (styrene oxide), isophorone, isopropalin, oxychlordane, pentachloroanisole, pr opoxur (baygon), tetrabrom obisphenol A, 1, 2, 4, 5-tetrachlorobenzene, and 1, 2, 3-trichloroprop ane to selected freshwat er organism s. Center for Lake S uperior Environm ental Studies, E nvironm ental Health L a boratory, Cooperative Research U n it, The University of Wisconsin S uperior. Purpose of Review (DP Barcode or Litigation): Endangered species assessm ent in response to litigation. Date of Review : May 31, 2007 Summary of Study F i ndings: In-lab cultures of fathead m i nnows ( Pimephales promelas ), waterf leas ( Daphnia magna and Ceriodaphnia dubia ), annelids (Lubriculus variegatus), freshwater h ydra ( Hydra americana ), snai ls ( Phy s ella virga t a ), and am phipods (Hyalella azteca) and stoneflies ( Acroneuria sp.) collected from t h e Eau Claire River (G ordon, W I) were used in acute (48 96 hr)) and chronic (21 day) toxic i ty tests. Chem ical concentra tions for tests with daphnids were m easured at 0, 24 and 48 hours for acute tests and were m easured at solution renewal days (Mondays, W e dnesday, Friday). Flow-through studies w ith fathead m i nnows annelids, amphipods and stoneflies and static tests with fathead m i nnows were samples at 0, 48 and 96 hrs. For newel tests with annelids, snai ls and hydras, sam p les were collected at 24-hr intervals. For the 21-day chronic studies with dichlorovos using D. m a gna the only concentration m easured was the new solution from the high exposure. All other exposure concentrations, including the old high solutions after 24 hours or m o re, were below the detection lim it of 70 g/L. Flow-through acute toxicity studi es with fathead m i nnows (30 + 5 days old) were conducted in a modified Be noit m i ni-diluter using 5.8-L glass aqua ria con t ain 2.4 L. Static stud ies with f a thead m i nnows we re conducted in 6.4-L or 4-L glass b eakers with a 4-L volum e. Te mperature ranged from 21.1 23.3 o C; hardness and alkalinity ranged betw een 36 75.8 and 38 70.9 m g /L as CaCO 3 respectively. Early life stage studies were conducted with fathead m i nnow e m bryos <24 hrs pos t-fertilizatio n placed in glass in cuba tion cups with cup botto m s consistin g of nylon m e sh; on hatch, 15 fry were transferred to 3.4L tanks containing 2.4 L o f fill volum e; young fish were fed 3 X daily with live brine shrim p and fi sh were exposed for 28 days. Toxicity stu d ies with D. magna ( < 24-hr neonates) were conduc ted in 11 8-m L plastic Solo cups containing 50 mL except for studies with isopro palin which were conducted in 100-m L glass beakers containing 50 m L f ill. S t ud ies with C. dubia (<24-hr neonates) we re conducted in 30 mL plastic Solo cups contain i ng 50 m L f ill. Acute exp o sures wer e renewed a t 24 hrs and chronic exp o sures on a MW F regim e Tem p eratu r e m a intained at 22 + 2 o C with dissolv ed oxygen >75% in both acute and chronic studies. Page 96 of 6 0 2

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Flow-through studies with adu lt annelids (m ean weight: 0.003 g) were conducted in 250-m L glass be ake r s with s c re ened holes on the sid e s suspended in 3.4-L c ontain i ng 2 00 m L f ill volum e. St atic renewal studies were conducted in 250-m L glass beakers containing 200 m L of solution. Te m p erature s were m a intained at 21 + 2 o C and dissolved oxygen >60%; hardness and alkalinity ranged from 51.9 73.8 and 44.0 58.0 m g /L as CaCO 3 respectiv ely. Static-renewal studies with hydras were conduc ted in 250-mL glass beakers containing 200 mL of test solution. Tem p e r ature was m a intained at 21.1 + 0.3 o C and dissolved oxygen of 90.1 + 3.7%; hardness and alkalinity m eans were 48.9 + 3.8 and 45.0 + 3.8 m g /L as CaCO 3 respectively. Toxicity tes t s with snails (m ean weight 0.052 + 0.022 g) were conducted in 250 m L glass beakers containing 200 mL exposure solution. Sna ils were placed in 3x 12 cm screen cage with in beaker. Temperature w a s m a intained at 22 + 1 o C with dissolved oxygen > 67%. Hardness and alkalinity ranged from 43.9 79.8 and 40.0 52.0 m g /L as CaCO 3 respectiv ely. Adult am phi pod (m ean weight: 0.002 g) flow-thr ough studies were conducted in 250 m L glass beakers with screened holes on the sides and suspended in 3.4_L glass aquaria. T e m p erature ranged betw een 19.0 21.0 o C and dissolved oxygen was >73%; hardness and alkalinity ranged from 47.9 89.8 and 36.0 64.0 m g /L as CaCO 3 respec tive l y Flow-through studies with the st onefly nym phs (m ean wt: 0.145 + 0.076 g) were conducted in 3.4-L glass aquaria with 2.4 L of exposure solution containing a 10 cm (3.5 cm diam eter) PVC pipe for cov e r. Tem p erature was 1 9 .7 + 0.4 o C and dissolved oxygen was >73%; m ean hardness and alkalinity were 67.4 + 19.0 and 50.0 + 14.0 mg/L as CaCO 3 respec tively. Table 28 provides a summa ry of the toxicity test results. Page 97 of 6 0 2

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3 3 TABL E 28. Su m m a ry of Toxic i ty Te st Or ga n i sm Ty pe o f T e st 96H L C 5 0 Compound St a g e o r A g e Atrazine J i t o n e f l y ( A c r oneu ria s p .) nymp h s 67 00 ( 5 Atr azi ne H v a l le la az te ca ad ults F l ow -t h r u ac ut e 14 70 0 (1 Atrazine A n n e l i d (Lu m bric ul us v a ri eg at us ) ad ults F l ow -t h r u ac ut e > At razi ne S n a i l (P hyse lla vir q ata ad ults Sta tic re newal 9 6 h r a c u t e > Atrazine H y dra a m eri c a n a ad ults S t at ic r e new a l 96-hr acu t e 3 Biphen y l F r athea d m i nnow 30+5 d a y F l ow -t h r u ac ut e 19 50 ( 1 Bi ph enyl F : athead minno w 30+ 5 d a y St at ic a c ute 1 350 0 ( 2 Bip h e n yl Ta t h e a d m i nn ow 30+5 d a y St at ic a c ute 2 2940 ( 2 B i phe nyl F : athead minno w 30+ 5 d a y St at ic a c ute 3 1450 ( 1 Bu t a ch lo r f : at he ad mi n n o w 30+2 d a y F l owt hru a c u t e 28 0 ( B u tachlor F : athead minno w 30+2 d a y S t at ic ac ute 1 750 ( Butac hlor F : athead minno w 30+ 2 d a y Sta tic acute 2 750 ( Bu ta ch lor f a t h e a d m i nn ow 30 + 2 day St at ic a c ute 3 64 0 ( Bu ta ch lor [3. maqna < 2 4hr St at ic renew a l 1050 ( Car b ary l C du bia < 2 4hr S t at ic r e new a l 48-hr acu t e 3.06" ( Flowt hru a c ut e Page 98 of 6 0 2

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Co m p ound Te s t Or ga nis m Stag e or Age Ty pe o f T e st 9 6 H LC 50 (9 5% CI ) u g / L Carbaryl Car b ar yl Car b a z ole Car b a z ole Car b a z ole Car b a z ole Car b a z ole D. ma qn a D ma qn a Fathead Fathead Fathead Fathead D. maq na mi nnow mi nn ow minno w minno w < 2 4hr <24 hr 30 30 30 30 < 2 4hr 5 4 4 4 day day day day St at ic ren e wal 48-hr acu t e 21 d a y ch ro nic F l ow -t h r u ac ut e Stat ic acute 1 Stat ic acute 2 St at i c ac ute 3 Sta t ic re ne wa l 4 8-hr ac ute 930 <1500 <1490 <1140 33 50 10. l b ( 7 95-12. 8) d (230 0-4880) D i be nz o f u r a n Di be nz o f u r a n D i be nz o f u r a n D i be nz o f u r a n 3, 3'-Dichloro-b e n z e n e Fathead Fat h ead Fathead Fathead Fat h ead mi nnow mi nnow minno w minno w minno w 30 30 30 30 30 5 5 2 5 4 day day day day day Stat ic Stat ic St ati c St at i c Flo w -thru ac ute ac ut e 1 ac ute 2 ac ute 3 acute 1 #1 1050 3620 750 1140 3240' (84 0-1310) ( 3200 -41 00) ( 2 6 70-343 0) ( 1 0 40-125 0) 3, 3'-Dichloro-b e n z e n e Fa thead m i nno w 30 4 day Stat ic ac u t e 2 #1 277 0' 3, 3'D ichlor o-b e n z e n e Fat h ead minno w 30 4 day St at i c ac ut e 3 #1 208 0' 3, 3'-DichloroD. ma qn a < 2 4hr Stat ic rene w a l 1 050 (8 1 0 -1 3 6 0 ) benzene 48-h r acut e Page 99 of 6 0 2

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Co m p ound Test O r ga nism S t ag e or Ag e Typ e of T e st 9 6 H LC 50 (9 5% CD u q / L 3,3'-Dichlorob e n z e n e 3 3 D i c hl or ob e n z i d i n e 3, 3 -Dichlorob e n z i d i n e 3, 3'-Dichloro-b e nz i d ine Dic h lor ovos F a t h e a d min now Fa t h e a d min now Fathead minno w Fath ea d min n o w A n n e l i d s (L u m bric ulu s varieq atus) 30 +2 d a y 30+ 2 d a y 30+2 d a y 30+ 2 d a y ad ults F l owt hru a c u t e St at ic a c ute 1 #2 St at ic a c ute 2 #2 St at ic a c ute 3 #2 S t a t i c r e n e w a l 9 6 -hr acute 17 70 (1 64 0-19 20 ) 215 0 (1 84 0-2 50 0) 188 0 (1 61 0-2 20 0) 105 0 (8 20 -13 40) 2180 (1960-2440) Dic h lor ovos S n a i l (C hys ella v i rg ata) ad ults S t a t i c r e n e w a l 96-hr acut e 170 ( 140200) Dic h loro vos C. d ubi a Dic h lor ovos D. maqn a Dic h loro vos D. ma gn a Dic h loro vos Fath ea d min n o w Di ch loro vo s Fa the a d minnow #1 28-day post hatch chronic D i c h lor ovo s F a th ee d min now #2 <24hr < 2 4hr < 2 4hr 30+4 d a y <24h r flow-thru <24-hr St at ic r e new a l 48-hr acu t e S t a t i c r e n e w a l 48-hr acut e 21-d a y chro nic F l ow -t h r u ac ut e 28-d a y p o st hatch chr o n i c f l ow -t hr u d 0.14 9" (0. 1270.17 5 ) 0 26 6" (0 .2 4 4 -0. 2 8 6 ) >0 .109 d 3090 (2570-3730) Page 100 of 6 02

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TABLE 2 8 Cont. Summa ry or Tox i city. Co mp o und Test O r ga nism S t ag e or Ag e Ty pe o f T e st 96H L C 5 0 (95% CI ) u g / L 1 2E p o xye t h yl b e n z e n e ( S t y r e n e O x i d e ) Fathead minno w 30 +5 d a y Flowt hru a c ut e 45 40' 1,2 Ep oxy et h y l -b e n z e n e Fathead minno w 30 + 5 d a y S t at ic ac ute 1 1380 0' 1, 2Ep o x y e th ylb en z e n e Fathead minno w 30+ 5 d a y Sta tic acute 2 26330 1,2 Ep oxy et h y l -b e n z e n e Fat h e a d m i nn o w 30+ 5 d a y Sta tic acute 3 10700' 1, 2Ep o x y e th ylb en z e n e D. m a qna <24h r S t a t i c r e n e w a l 48-hr acu te 1 1 6 0 0 (1 02 00 -13 100 ) I s ophorone Isoph oro n e I s opho ron e Isoph oro n e Isoph oro n e Isopr op alin I s op ropal i n I s opropalin I s op ropal i n Fathead minno w Fathead minno w Fat h e a d m i nn o w Fathead minno w Fathead minno w Fathead minno w Fath ea d min n o w Fath ea d min n o w D. ma qn a 30+5 d a y 30+ 5 d a y 30 + 5 d a y 30+2 d a y 30+2 d a y 30+2 d a y 30+2 d a y 30+2 d a y < 2 4hr F l ow -t h r u ac ut e Static acute 1 Sta tic acute 2 Sta tic acute 3 F l o w t hr u a c u te S t at ic ac ute 1 St at ic a c ute 2 S t at ic ac ute 3 Acute renewal 48hr ac ute 253000 ( 2280002 80000) 319 00 0 (2 85 000 -35 6 000) 275 00 0 (2 46 000 -30 8 000) 240000 ( 2130002 71000) 270 ( 220 3350 ) 610 ( 510 730 ) 670 ( 560 790 ) 310 ( 280360) 30 b (2240) Page 101 of 6 02

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TABLE 6 Con t Summary of Tox i city. Comp oun d Te st Or gani s m St a g e o r A g e Ty pe o f Te st 96H L C 5 0 ( 9 5 % CD uq/L Ox ychlorda ne Fathe a d minno w 30+2 d a y Flow-thru acute 2.45' Ox yc h l o r da ne Ox ychlorda ne O x yc hl or da ne Ox ychlorda ne Fat h ead m i nn ow Fathe a d minno w Fa the a d minnow D. ma gn a 30 + 2 d a y 30 +2 d a y 30 +2 d a y < 2 4hr S t a t ic acu te 1 S t a t ic acu te 2 St at ic a c ute 3 S t a t i c r e n e w a l 4 8 -hr acute 4.31 ( 3 .814.8 8 ) 6.32 (5.55-7.19) 2.63 (2.23-3.10) 1300 ( 860 1960 ) Pentachloro anis ole Pentachloro anis ole Pentachloro anis ole Fath ea d min n o w Fat h ead m i nn ow D. ma qn a 30+4 d a y 30 +4 d a y < 2 4hr Flow-thru acute St at i c ac ut e S t at ic r e new a l 48-hr acu t e 650 ( 500840) >1190 180 (1 70 -2 00 ) Propo xur (bay gon) Annel i d Adult s S t at ic r e new a l 96-hr acu t e 14 6 0 00' Prop ox ur D. ma qn a < 2 4hr S t at ic r e new a l 48-hr acu t e 2 7 2 ( 2 0. 93 6 5 ) Propoxur Tet r a b r o m obi s phe no l A D. ma qn a Fath ea d min n o w < 2 4hr 26+2 d a y 21 d a y ch ro nic Flo w -thru ac ute >1 7.2 d 104 0 (9 99 -11 00) Tet r a b r o m obi s phe no l A Fath ea d min n o w 3 0 + 2 day S t at ic ac ute 1 710* Tetrabro m obis ph enol A Fath ea d min n o w 30+2 d a y Sta tic acute 2 890 Page 102 of 6 02

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TAB L E 6 C ont. Sum m ar y of T o xicity. Co m p ound Test O r ga nism Stage o r Ag e Typ e of Te s t 96-H L C 5 0 ( 9 5 % C I ) u g / L Tetrabro m obis-phe no l A Fa the a d minnow 30 2 d a y St at ic a c ute 3 60' Tetrabro m obis-phe no l A 0. m a q n a < 24 hr St at ic ren e wal 48-hr acu t e 7900 b (68 00-200) 1,2,4,5-Tetrachloro b e nz en e Ta t h e a d mi nn ow 30 + 5 d a y F l owt hru a c u t e 320' 1,2,4,5-Tetrachloro b e nz en e Fath ea d min n o w 30 +5 d a y Static acute 1 >460 1,2,4,5-Tetra-c h l o r o be n z e n e Fath ea d min n o w 30+ 5 d a y Sta tic acute 2 >3 20 1,2 4,5-T e tra-chlo roben zene Fa the a d minnow 30+5 d a y St at i c ac ut e >89 1,2 3Tr ic hl oro-p r o p a n e Fath ea d min n o w 30+ 4 d a y F l owt hru ac ute 50800" 1,2 3Tr ic hl oro-p r o p a n e Fath ea d min n o w 30 +4 d a y Static acute 1 69 90 0 (6 71 00 -7 29 0 0 ) 1 2, 3Tr ic hl o r o p r o p a n e Fath ea d min n o w 30 +4 d a y Sta tic acute 2 5 760 0 ( 55400 59900 ) 1,2 3Tr ic hl oro-p r o p a n e Fath ea d min n o w 30+4 d a y Static acute 3 27400 ( 25900 28900 ) 1 2, 3Tr ic hl o r o p r o p a n e [). ma qn a <24-h r S t a t i c r e n e w a l 48hr ac ut e 3 380 0 b (2 7800 -41 100 ) Page 103 of 6 02

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' Due to no partia l mortali ties, t h e 95% c onfidence intervals could not be determin ed. b 48 -h r EC50 c 96 -h r EC50 d NOE C. 1 LC50 based on n o minal con centr ations. 2 LC50 based on 0-h r concentrations. 3 LC50 based on a ll concentrations. Page 104 of 6 02

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Description of Use in Document (QUAL, QUAN, INV): Qualitative Rationale for Use: Study provides useful inform ation to ch aracterize toxicity of carbay l to aquatic invertebrates. Limita tions of Study: Raw data are not available to verify EC50 values Primary Review er: Thom as Steeger, Ph.D., Senior Biolog ist Page 105 of 6 02

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Chemical N a me: Carb aryl and atrazine CAS No: 63-25-2 (Carbaryl); 1912-24-9 ECOTOX Record Number and Citation: 81455; Boone, M. D. a nd S. M. Ja m e s. 2003. Interactions of an ins ecticide, h e rbicide, an d natur a l s t resso rs in am phibian community m e oscos m s. Ecological App lications 13(3): 829 841. Purpose of Review (DP Barcode or Litigation): Endangered species assessm ent in response to litigation. Date of Review : 05/28/2007 Summary of Study Findings: Three egg m a sses of southern leopard frogs ( Rana sphenocephala ) and 21 egg m a sses of spotted salam a nders ( Ambystoma maculatum ) were collected from Basket W ildlife Area (B oone County, MI). Egg m a sses of Am erican toads ( Bufo americanus ) w e re collecte d from the Forum Nature Area (Boone County, MI) and ap proxim a tely 30 egg masses of sm allm outh salam a nders ( Ambystoma texanum ) were collecte d f r om Basket W ildlif e area. All eggs were hatched in th e laboratory. Polyethylen e cattle tank s (1.85 m diam eter) co ntaine d 1,000 L of tapw ater, 1 kg of leaf litter from deciduous forests and plankton from natu ral ponds. Each tank was covered with screen m e sh lids. Experim e nt 1 Ef f ects of Com p etitio n, Atr azin e and Carbary l on Larva l Am phibians. The purpose of this study was to m a nipulate 3 f actors in a fully crossed design with three replicates (3 6 ponds) (1) com p etitio n using low initial anuran density (20 tadpoles/1000L) or high (60 tadpoles/1000 L); carbaryl concentration (0, 3.5 and 7 m g /L ) and atrazine concentration (0 and 200 g/L). Controls (each species alone with 2 dens ities for anurans and one density for caudates) w e re replicated 3 tim es (9 ponds). T w elve spotted salam a nders were added to each pond on March 28; spotted leopard frogs were added on April 4 (D ay 0). Liquid Sevin (Ortho; 21.3% carbaryl) added to achieve a nom i nal concen tration of 3.5 m g carba ryl/L; liquid Astrex (Syngenta form erly Novartis; 40.8% atrazine) adde d to achieve a nominal concentration of 200 g/L. Chlorophyll determ inations were m a de: pr ior to chem ical additi on, Day 15, Day 22, Day 29 and Day 42. W a ter quality reported as pH 7.9 + 0.01 and a tem p erature of 14.6 + 0.06 o C. Three 2-L w a ter sam p les taken from the 7 m g /L car ba ryl (no atrazine ) tre a tm ent at 1, 24, 48 and 96 hr; the three sam p les were com p osited. Sa m p les were also taken from the atrazine 200 g/L treatm ent at 1, 15 and 57 days. Based on these sa m p les, the half -live s of carbaryl a nd atraz i ne were determ ined to be 4.5 days and 34 days, re spectively. Exposures were term inated between 56 to 58 d a ys and preceding th e p o int where mo st larv ae reached m e tam o rphosis. Mean bod y m a ss, developm ental (G osner) stage, snout-vent length (SVL) and pond survival for each species were determ ined. To nor m a lize the data, all proportion data ( e.g ., survival) were angularly transform e d while length and weight data were log transform e d. Page 106 of 6 02

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Spotted salam a nder survival ha s significantly (p=0.0077) reduced by carbaryl exposure. Experim e nt II: Effects of H ydroperiod, Atrazine, and Carbaryl on Amphibians Reared through Metam o rphosis. Three factors were m a nipulated in a fully crossed design w ith 4 replicates (32 ponds): hydroperiod (constant or drying), exposure to carbaryl (0 or 5 m g /L ), and exposure to atrazine (0 or 200 g/L ) Twelve sm allm outhed salam a nde r larv ae and 45 Am erican toad tad poles wer e added to each pond on Day 0. W a ter pH and te mperature averaged 7.7 + 0.03 and 13.3 + 0.04 o C, respec tive l y. W a ter sam p les f r om the carba ryl tr eatm e nt were taken at 1 and 48 hrs and from the atrazine treatm ent after 1 day; based on these analyses, car baryl was determ ined to have half lifeof approxim ately 3 day. Measured concentr ations for carbaryl after 1 hour w e re 76% of nom i nial an d m easured concentratio ns of atrazine after 1 day were 99% of nom i nal. After 88 days of exposure, ponds were drained and amphi bians were weighed and m easured; tim e to m e ta m o rphosis was also determ ined along with su rvival estim ates. Chl o rophyll determ inations were m a de: prior to chem ical addition, Day 8 and Day 50. Description of Use in Document (QUAL, QUAN, INV): Qualitative Rationale for Use: Study provides useful inform ation on th e effects of for m ulated carbaryl on salam a nders; however, control salam a nder su rvival was relatively low in the study. Limita tions of Study: Ani m als used in study were wild-caught and their previous exposure histor y is unknown. It is not clear from the study whether the am phibian load ing rates were representative of what m a y be typically encountered in nature. Concentration w e re only m easured in the carbaryl 7 m g /L and the atrazine 200 g/L treatm e nts and were apparently only used to determ ine the half-life of the com pound; however, after 1 hour the concentration of carbaryl (7 m g /L) was equivalent to the nom i nal concentration. S i m ilarly, after 1 day, the concentration of atrazine (207 g/L) was 104% of nom i nal. In the second study carbaryl and at razine were 76% and 99 % of nom i nal around the initiation of the study. Although spotted salam a nder surviv al was significantly reduced by carbaryl exposure the report figures suggest that larv al survival was relativel y low in controls as well and averaged roughly 55%; su rviv al app ears to have averaged 10% a nd 0% in the 3.5 m g /L and 7 m g /L carbaryl treatm ents. Figure 3 in dicates th at carbaryl s i g n ificantly (p <0 .05) m a ss, SVL, developm ental stage and survival of spotted salam a nders; atra zie and carbaryl com b ined significan tly (p=0.02) SVL. For southern leopard fr og (Figure 3), carbaryl significan tly (p=0.0001) we ight; atrazine significantly (p=0.0052) affected m a ss. Carbaryl plus density significantl y (p=0.0273) affected SVL; however, density alone al so affected SVL (p=0.0001). Page 107 of 6 02

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Fig u re 14 Ana l y s is of C ovaria nce o f mass, t i me, and surv iva l to metamo rpho sis fo r sma llmo ut hed salam a nders and American toads Repr oduced fr om T a ble 3 of Bo one and James 2003. Multiv ariate analysis o n salam a nder data indicat ed carbaryl exposure and the in teraction of carbaryl by atrazine negatively affected weigh t s, SVL an d delayed d e velopm ental stage for larvae exposed to 3.5 m g /L com p ared to controls; however, the pr esence of atrazine am eliorated the effect. Survival of leopard frogs was not significantly im pacted by either chem ical alone, b u t atrazin e x density d i d im pact (red u ce) surv ival in the hig h est dens ity group. Multiv ariate responses of leopard frogs were significantly af fected by carb aryl exposure, atrazine exposure and initial density (Table 2); m a ss signif icantly increased with carbaryl exposure and decreased with atarzine exp o sure com p ared to con t ro ls. In Study II, sm all-m outhed salam a nder survival to m e ta m o rphosis was significantly reduced by carbaryl ex posure. Mu ltiv ariate an alysis indi cated th at atrzine exposu r e, hydroperiod and the interaction of atrazine and hydr operiod significantly affected m a ss and tim e to m e t a m o rphosis resulting in longer larval periods in constant hydrope riods and sm aller mass at m e tamorphosis in drying hydroperiods. Page 108 of 6 02

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Carbaryl ex posure sign ificantly red u ced surviv al of Am erican toads b y approximately 20 %. Multiv ariate responses were signi ficantly affected by carbaryl exposu r e, atrazine ex posure, an d carbaryl x hydroperiod interaction w ith carbaryl si gnificantly extending larval period. Atrazine exposure reduced total weight at m e tam o rphosis. In Study I density, atrazine e xposure, carbaryl exposure and ca rbaryl x atrazine interaction significantly affected chlorophyl l over tim e. Atrazine decr eased chlorophyll 12-day after exposure although there was no diff erence by the end of the study. Carbaryl exposure reduced chlorophyll 12-day after exposur e although there was no diffe rence by the end of the study. Low density increased chlorophyll concentrations. In Study II, hydroperiod x carbaryl significantly affected chlorophyll; however, this m a y have been an artif act from the sam p ling procedure. Primary Review er: Thom as Steeger, Ph.D., Senior Biolog ist Page 109 of 6 02

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Appendix B. Supporting Information for PRZM Scenario Development INTRODUCTION EFED initia ted an ef f o rt to develop a suite of new PRZM/EXAMS scenarios usef ul f o r all six chem icals in the Barto n Springs endangered sp ecie s la wsuit inc l u d ing atraz i n e sim azine, prom eton, m e tolachlor, diazinon, and carb a ryl. EF ED initiated an evalu a tio n of the potential us e sites re leva nt to a ll s i x chem icals f o r develo pm ent as p o ssible m o deling s cen arios. The evaluation consisted of an investigation of geology, hydrogeology, land cover data, use inform ation, soils inform ation, and conversations with local experts knowle dgeable in all of the above. Initial investigation indicated that the geology and hydroge ology are the defining issues surrounding how the action area for each chem ical w ould b e defined. As noted in the atrazine assessm ent, the action area for the developm ent of the Barton Springs Scenarios was com p rised of three hydrologic zones (in order of im portance) of the Barton Springs S e gm ent of the Edwards Aquifer: 1) the recharge zone which consists of a fractured karstic geology, 2) the contributing zone where surface runo ff may flow to the recharge zone, and 3) the trans i tion zone w h ich has a rem o te potential to contribute to the recharge zone ( http://www.edwar d saquifer.net/intro.htm l ). Although the transition zone was co nsidered in this assessment, prim ary em phasis was given to the recharge zone with secondary emphasis on the contributing zone. Investigation indicated that areas to the eas t of the Recharge Zone m i ght not be relevant to the assessm ent (ground water flow to the Barton Spring system c o m e s either directly from transport through the Recharge Zone, which occurs genera lly south to north, or indirectly via the Contributing Zone/Recharge Zone intera ction where f l ow is dom inantly wes t to eas t). Fo r exam ple, agricultural uses lying east of the Rech arge Zone (roughly define d by the Interstate 35 corrido r) can be considered outs i de the area of in terest and no scenario need be developed for this us e. However, if an y of the uses are p r esen t west of th is ar ea with in either Re charge o r Contributing Zones, then these scenarios s hould be developed as described below. Given these facts it was quickly decided that any new scen arios de veloped needed to be based on the exten t of the potential action area for each ch em ical. In general, this action area consists of three zones identified above including the C ontributing Zone the Recharge Z one, and the Transition Zone. Primary em phasis for scenario develop m ent was placed on us e sites (both agricultural and non-agricultural) within the Contributing and R echarge Zones. N o scenarios were param e ter i zed ba s e d solely on the tr ansi tion zone. Spatial data containing the Hydrozone boundaries were obtained from the Barton Spri ngs/Edwards Aquifer Conservation district ( ftp://www. bseacd.org/f rom / HCP Shape Files/ ). These new scenarios were developed under contract with specific guidelines on how to evaluate the need for a scenario and how to param e teriz e the scen arios th at were develope d. The process involved nu m e rous interaction s betw een the con t racto r and E F ED and ultim ately all d ecis i ons on which scenarios to develop were the responsibility of EF ED. If the contractor determ ined that a particula r us e site is like ly to be outside the area of interest and not likely to contribute to the exposures in Barton Springs a written descriptio n of the steps taken to determ ine this and ration a l for the exclusion was docum e nted and is di scu sse d in the s ections that f o llow. Page 110 of 6 02

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The f o llowing section s discuss the various da ta sources use d in this a s s e ssm ent and ultim ately provide a rational for th e developm ent of each scenar io. Note that not all scenarios w e re u s ed in each as sess m e nt but were selected b a sed on sp ecif ic analysis of each chem ical labeled uses and an understanding of which uses ar e actually present in th e action area for each chem ical. In the case of atrazine, the s c enarios u l tim ately used in the asse ssm ent were one agric u ltur a l site (fallow/idle land usin g the m eadow scenario) and thr ee non-agricultural uses including residential, turf and rights-of-way. SOURCE S OF DATA Land use data The contractor obtained two land use coverages f r om the City of Austin (COA) and the Texas Comm ission on Environm ental Quality (TCEQ). The land use data were im portant for quantifying the extent of a particular land use and for identifying representative, yet vulnerable soils. The d a ta s e t f r om Austin in clu d es land use by tax par c els and was particula r ly im portant for the turf (golf courses) and right-of-way scenarios. The TCEQ dataset developed by the USGS (2003) provided agricultu ral land cov e r d a ta, includ in g ar eas representative of m eadows and rangelands, and residential areas. Based on a re view of the data, residential areas appeared better classified in the USGS ( 2003) data set; the COA data set tended to include all lots zoned for residential and often included areas well ou tside of where pe sticides would presumably be applied. Abs t rac t s f r om the m e tadata of the two land cover data sets are included below. COA land use data set: From October 2003 until Decem ber 2004, the C ity of Austin W a tershed Protection and Developm ent Revi ew Departm e nt (W PDR) and th e Transportation Planning and Sustainability Departm e nt (TPSD) produced this land use and tax parcel inventory. T h e extent of the data includes the watersheds of Travis, Hays W illiam s on, and Blanco County that drain in to Austin city lim its. This includes th e City of Austin extr ater r itorial ju risd iction. The la yer is us ed in watershed, land use, and tran sportation m odeling. More specifi ca lly, the inf o rm ation will be used to estim ate and forecast im pervious c over, population and housing density, an d land use change. Parcels were created to reflect 2003 tax m a ps by either updating year 2000 parcel polygons, or converting and attribu ting lot lines from the City ba se m a p or county appraisal district CAD files. After com p le ting parcel polygons, appraisal dist rict land use data was joined to the layer using the parcel identification numbe r. In addition, historical land use data was joined through GIS overlays. W e then coded land use by co mparing app r aisal d i strict data to the historical data where possible. The land use codi ng system us ed in year 2000 data was expanded to reflect the needs of both the planning an d watershed m a nage m e nt disciplines and the availability of new data. Infr ared and color aerial photos we re used to confirm or m a ke determ inations, especially where data was unavaila ble or questionable. O t her GIS layers such as buildings and parks were used in th is verification process. (COA 2003) USGS (TC E Q) land use data set: This layer delineates the land use/land cover (LULC) polygons for the Edwards Aquifer Project in T e xas from t h e years 1995 and 1996. Attribution of the polygons is based on a m odified Anders o n classification sch e m a LULC clas sification was done to Level 3 of the classification schem a and a new category of Mixed Forest/Shrub was added to better represent the land cover of the area. Fieldwork was perform e d prior to com p ilation to gather local data and rela te aerial photo im ages to corresponding ground Page 111 of 6 02

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features. Because of the stunted or lower tree g r owth common in this region it was difficult at tim es to differentiate between Forest, Mixed Fore st/Shrub, and Shrub. It should be noted that much of the Planted / cultivated land is highly m a naged pastureland. A detailed description of the schem a can be found in the Supplem e ntal In for m ation Section. All the LULC data was collected from color infrared DOQQs and highresolution (1:40,000-scale) aerial photography. The m i nim u m m a pping unit used for delineati ng a polygon is 5 acres and the m i ni m u m polygon width is 125 feet. (USGS 2003) Soils data Data for Hays and Travis counties were dow nloaded from Soil Data Mart (USDA 2006) and clipped to the hydrozones of the BSS AO I ( ftp://www.bseacd.org/from / HCP Shape Files/ ). EFED indic a ted that sc enarios sho u ld be p a ra m e terized b a sed on repr esenta tive s o ils tha t will yield high-end runoff and sedim e nt values. Specifically, this focused on Hydrological Group C and D soils with high erodibility and slope. Quan titative descrip tion s of the soil selection process are provided in the m e tada ta f o r ea ch s cenar io with additiona l detail p r ovided in la te r sections of this report. Off i cial so il serie s descr i ptions (OSD) of the sele cted soils were used to characterize the soils of inte rest f o r the scena r io s (Soil Surv ey Staf f 2006a, b). Soil param e ters were obtained from USDA Soil Data Mart (USDA 2006). Additional Data Sources When exploring the extent of ag r i c u ltur a l a r ea s in th e AOI, area s of crops grown in Hays and Travis counties were obtained from NASS (US DA 1997, 2002). This was used as a prelim inary attem p t to u nderstand th e types of crops grown in the AOI and their resp ectiv e m a gnitudes. City and County officials and extension agents were contacted to understand and verify correct param e ters to repres ent each of th e scenarios that were developed. In cases w h ere sim ilar PRZM scenarios were ava ilab l e, param e ters were re viewed for consistency. Specifically, the BS turf scenario was com p ared to the PA turf and FL turf scenarios. For determ ination of U S LEC and Mannings N valu es, th e RUSLE EPA Pesticid e project (20 00) was used. Existing files were considered acco rding to current U.S. EPA guidance (U.S. EPA 1998). The Barton Springs area is located in La nd Resource Region (LRR) I. The San Antonio clim ate station is locate d within this LRR and is an appro p ria t e loca tion f o r which to selec t appropriate RUSLE data files. Available crops f o r this clim ate station include: 1 ) Range, 2) Pasture, warm season, 3) peanut, Spanish, 4) Sorghum grain, and 5) W h eat, winter. Fo r scenarios w h ere appropriate files did not exis t (i. e im perviou s su rfaces ), appropriate values were selected to represent USLEC and M a nnings N va lues. Curve num b ers were derived based on USDA TR55: Urban Hydrology for Sm all Wate rsheds docum e nt (USDA 1986) or from the GLEAMS ( U SDA 2000) m a nual when appropriate. Fu rther details are provided in the m e tadata for each scenario. Page 112 of 6 02

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CONCEP T UAL MODELS OF DEVE LOPE D SCE N ARIOS Residential This scenario intended to be used as a surrogate for all urban/suburban ho m e and residential uses in the Barton Springs Segm ent (BSS) of the Edward s Aquifer. The intention is to couple the edge of field concentration s from this scenario w ith the edge of f i eld concentr ation s f r om the im pervious surface scen ario for Barton Springs to generate weighted co ncentration s for areas of varying im pervious cover. Crop param e ters have b een chos en to reflect resid e ntial turf areas, prim arily la wns, within the BSS. For this scenario estim a tes of typical im pervious fractions in suburban wa tersheds were obtained from a City of Austin COA (2002) report for the COA j u risdictional section of the Barton Springs Segm ent (BSS) and from local runoff studies ob tain ed f r om the COA. W ithin the City of Austin Jurisdiction of the Barton Springs Zone approxim a tely 7.5% or 5098 acres consists of im pervious surfaces. W ithin th e rech arge zone, the City of Austin res t ricts im pervio us cover for new develo pm ent to 1 5 % of the net site a r e a and 20% of the site ar ea in the Barton Creek contributing zone (COA, 2002). However, based on unpublished data obtained from the City of Austin som e resid e ntial watersheds in the are a m a y be as high as 40% (Rich Robinson, COA, personal communication). The analysis of land cover inform ation is provided in Figure 1. A conceptual m odel of this approach is provided in the assessm ent Page 113 of 6 02

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Figure 1. Location of B r ackett Soils in single and multi-family resid ential a r eas of the Barton Springs Segment of the Ed w a rds A qui fer, Hays and Travis Counties, Texas. Impervious This scenario is intended to be used to m i m i c hydrology of untreated portions of the Barton Springs Segm ent (BSS) of the Edwards Aquifer. The intention is to c ouple the edge of field concentratio ns f r om this scena r io with th e ed ge of field concentratio ns from the residential scenario for Barton Springs to generate weighted concentrations for areas of varying im pervious cover. The r e f ore, this sc enario re lies on a s i m ilar soil ser i es a s the res i den tia l scen ar io ; however the upper horizon has been adjust ed to a non-soil nature. As not ed above, data indicate that im pervious fractions of residential areas in the BSS range from less than 10% (COA 2002) to as high as approxim a tely 40% (Rich Robinson, C OA, personal communication). The analysis of land cover infor m ation is provided in Figure 2. Page 114 of 6 02

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Figure 2. Percentage o f Imperv ious Surfaces n e ar Barton Springs. Turf This scenar io is intende d to represe n t turf areas (golf courses, parks, sod far m s, and recreational fields) in th e Barton Springs Segm ent (BSS) of the Edwards Aquifer. Because golf courses are Page 115 of 6 02

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expected to be the m o st likely tu rf areas where p e sticides m a y be applied m u ch of this scen ario has been param e terized to be reflective of golf course turf. NASS data for 1997 and 2002 (USDA 1997, 2002) contained no record of sod harves t in either Hays or Travis counties. Since there are several golf courses located with in the BSS (COA 2003), this scenario was param e terized to represent turf on golf courses and m a y be generally re presentative of other potential turf areas. Crop param e ters are based prim arily on berm udagrass ( Cynodon spp.) since it is a prim ary turf grass for golf courses and athletic fields. The an alysis of land cover inform ation is provided in Figure 3. Figure 3. Location of B r ackett Soils in golf cou r se areas of the Barton Springs Segment of the Edw a rds Aquifer, Hays and Travis Counties, Texas. Right-of-W ay This scenar io is intende d to repres e n t right-o f-way areas including ro ads, fence lines, power lines, and railroads in the Barton Springs Segm e n t (BSS) of the Edwards Aquifer. Unlike m o st o f EFED existing scena r io s, the scen a r io is conce p tu ally dif f e rent in tha t it repre s e n ts a linear surface th at drains into an adjacen t water bod y (drainage ditch ) However, for this exercis e EFED assum e s that while concep tually differe nt, th e sce n ario is f o r practicality purposes developed in a sim ilar m a nner as a standard scen ario that assum e s a 10-hectare field draining into a 1 hectare static po nd. Page 116 of 6 02

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Crop cover param e ters for this scenario were based on typical plants found adjacent to state m a intained highway r i g h t-of ways. State-m a inta ined highways include farm -to-market (FM) roads, state highways, interstates, and US highw ays. Bermuda grass is typically found in rightof-way areas in urban areas, while rural areas are dom inated by nativ e species su ch as littl e bluestem side-oats gram a, and hairy gram a (J ohn Mason, Vegetation Managem e nt Specialist, Texas DOT, Maintenance Div., perso n al comm unication). The contrac t or attem p ted to determ ine where pest icides m a y or m a y not be applied to Right-OfWays (including highway/railroad/ utility s e gm ents). COA was not aware of a sou r ce for th is inform ation (Nancy McClintock, personal communi cation). According to Texas Departm e nt of Transportation (TX DOT), Vegetation Manage r Dennis Markwardt, the TX DOT applies herbic ides o n ly (no inse ctic ides ) to all of its state roadways. They only apply herbicide to a onefoot wide area along the roadwa y, not the entire right-of-way. They also lim it the use of herbicides within the B S Z to m a inly Round-Up, and to a more lim ited extent, Oust, OutRider and Escort. Occasionally they will n eed to app l y spot treatm e nt to nox io us weeds. According to Travis County Transportation and Natural Resources, Road and Bridge Division Maintenance Manager, Don W a rd, Travis County applies herbic ide o n ly to the i r rural roads where there is no curbing gutter. They apply only Round-Up and apply it to a four foot wide area along the roadway approxim a tely two ti m e s per year. Scott Lam b ert provided us with a GIS layer of the Travis County roads w h ere herbicid e m a y be applied. The analysis of land cover inform ation is provided in Figure 4. Page 117 of 6 02

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Figure 4. L o cation of Brackett soils in rightof-w ay areas (streets/road s/railro ads/utilit ies ) of the Barton Springs Segment of the Edw a rd s Aquifer, Hays and Travis Counties, Texas. Page 118 of 6 02

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Right-of-W ay This scen ario is in tende d to rep r es e n t righ tof-way areas including ro ads, fence lines, power lines, and ra ilro a ds in th e Bart on Springs Segm ent (BSS) of th e Edwards Aquifer. Unlike m o st of EFED existing s cena r ios, the sc en ario is c onc eptually dif f e rent in that it repr esen ts a linea r surface that drains into an ad jacen t water body (drain age d i tch) However, for this exercise, EFED assum e s that while con ceptually dif f e r e nt, the s c e n ario is f o r practica lity purposes developed in a si m ilar m a nner as a standard sc enario th at assum e s a 10-hectare field draining into a 1 hectare static po nd. Crop cover param e ters for this scen ario were b a sed on typical plan ts found adjacen t to state m a intained highway rig h t-of ways. State m a in tained highways include farm -to-m a rket (FM) roads, state highways, interstates, and US highw ays. Ber m uda grass is typically found in rightof-way areas in u r ban areas, while rural areas ar e dom inated by native species such as little bluestem side-oats gram a, and hairy gram a (J ohn Mason, Vegetation Managem e nt Specialist, Texas DOT, Maintenance Div., perso n al comm unication). The contrac t or attem p ted to determ ine where pest icides m a y or m a y not be applied to Right-OfWays (including highway/railroad/ utility s e gm ents). COA was not aware of a sou r ce for th is inform ation (Nancy McClintock, personal communi cation). According to Texas Departm e nt of Transportation (TX DOT), Vegetation Manage r Dennis Markwardt, the TX DOT applies herbic ides o n ly (no inse ctic ides ) to all of its state roadways. They only apply herbicide to a onefoot wide area along the roadwa y, not the entire right-of-way. They also lim it the use of herbicides within the B S Z to m a inly Round-Up, and to a more lim ited extent, Oust, OutRider and Escort. Occasionally they will n eed to app l y spot treatm e nt to nox io us weeds. According to Travis County Transportation and Natural Resources, Road and Bridge Division Maintenance Manager, Don W a rd, Travis County applies herbic ide o n ly to the i r rural roads where there is no curbing gutter. They apply only Round-Up and apply it to a four foot wide area along the roadway approxim a tely two ti m e s per year. Scott Lam b ert provided us with a GIS layer of the Travis Coun ty roads where herbicide m a y be applied. Rangeland/Pastureland In the BSS, rangeland vegetation is a heterogene ous m i xture of trees and grasses. Comm on tree species in clude: ash ju niper (a nu isance spec ies), oaks, hackberry and elm s Grass species including little blue stem, side oats gramm a I ndian grass, sw itch grass, king ranch blueste m (introduced) and kline grass (int rodu ced) are typical. These areas are com posed of approxim a tely 60-65% trees and 30-35% grasses (Perez 2006). Although this land cover contains a significant am ount of tr ee cover, this crop was m odeled as a field crop rather than an orchard in order to model a m o r e conservative field. The analysis of land cover infor m ation is provided in Figure 5. Page 119 of 6 02

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Figure 5. Location of B r ackett Soils in natural herbaceous areas of th e Barton Springs segment o f the Edw a rds Aquifer, Hays and Travis Counties, Texas. Page 120 of 6 02

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Meadow This scena r io is intend e d to repre s e n t a m eadow that m a y i n clude cultivation of herbaceous, nongrass anim al feeds (forage, f odder, straw, and hay) (IR4 ge neralized crop group #18). The USDA census of agriculture (USDA 19 97, 2002) indicates that hay of varying types is grown extens ively in Trav is an d Hays Counties (Tab le 6). Dis c uss i ons with ex tension age n ts in Hays and Travis countie s ind i cated that s o m e cultiva t ion of sorghum hay, and hay graze r, or sweet sorghum does occur in the Barton Springs Segm ent. Bermuda grass is also planted but is prim arily for grazing and not harvested (Perez 2006). Most of this type of crop is for livestock grazing (Davis, 2006). T h e analysis of land cove r inform ation is provided in Figure 6. Figure 6. Location of Brackett soils in plan ted/cultiva t ed area s o f the Barto n Springs segment of the Edw a rds Aquifer, Hays and Travis Counties, Texas. Page 121 of 6 02

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Outdoor Nursery The contractor conducted an investigation of whol esale nurseries in the BSZ using a variety of data sou r ce s to d e te rm ine th e ex te nt of nurse r i es in th e BSZ and th e poten tia l f o r outside pesticide use. NASS data for 2002 ( Table 1 ) indicate that outside acreage for reported ornam e ntal crops in all of Hays and Travis C ounties is negligible rela tive to indoor acreage (< 0.1% total indoor and outdoor acreage). The m a jority of acreage for nursery, greenhouse, floriculture, mushroom s, sod, and vegetable s eeds in both years and bo th counties was grown under glass or other protection. Th e contractor conducted a refined investigation to determ ine i f this trend w a s sim ilar in the BSZ. Table 1. NASS 1997/2002 census of agricu l tu re fo r ornamental production for open areas versu s under glass in Hays and Travis Counties, Texas. HAYS TRAVIS 1997 2002 1997 2002 Crop Total Acres Total Acres Total Acres Total Acres Nursery, greenhouse, floriculture, aquatic plants, mushroom s, flower seed s, vegetab l e seeds, sod x 65 x 111 harvested, to tal In open Nursery, greenhouse, floriculture, aquatic plants, mushroom s, flower seed s, vegetab l e seeds, sod harvested, to tal Under glass (not applicable for x 407,925 x 115,274 modeling) Nursery, f l o r icu ltur e ve getable and flower seed crops, sod harvested, etc., grown in the open, 26 36 99 106 irrigated Floriculture crops bedd ing/garden p l ants, cut flowers and cut florist greens, foliage plants, and x 14 23 x potted flowering plants, total in open Bedding/garden plants, in open 4 x 6 4 Nursery stock, in open 2 27 73 90 Other nursery and greenhouse crops, in open x 25 x X X = data not available, not applicable or withheld Page 122 of 6 02

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Initially, nur serie s in BSZ were identif i ed th roug h the Texas Nursery and Landscape Association Growers List, Austin at a Glance Local Bus i ness Search, and Google Local Maps. Five potential wh olesale nurs e ries in the BSZ were identif ied. Th e cont ractor confirm e d t h e existence of these nurseries and the potential for other th rough sources in the City of Austin W a tershed Protection and Developm ent Review Board (K athy Shay, personal co mm unication) and the Ladybird Johnson W ildflower Center (Andrea D e Long-Am aya, personal comm unica tion). Both sources con f irm e d these nurser i es a nd neithe r s ource was a w are of addition a l nurs e ries in the BSZ that would have outdoor wholesale nursery production. The contractor then contacted each of the f i ve nurser i es id entif ied to determ ine th e extent of outside production acreage and the potential f o r pestic ide a pplica tion. Total outs i d e wholesale nursery produc tion the entire Barto n Spring Zone is app r oxim a tely thr ee a c res. Only three of the five nurseries had outdoor wholesale production (Figure 1). Of these three, two had less than 0.5 acres outdoor production. The rem a ining site, Barton Springs Nursery, has appr oxim a tely 2.5 acres of outdoor production. The Barton Springs Nursery has a reputation for be ing environm entally conscious (Kathy Shay, personal communication). W h en the nursery w a s cont acted it indic a ted that it do es use pes tic id es when called for. For the purposes of m o deling a nursery/ornam ental operation in the BSS, one of the nurseries (Barton Springs Nursery) was used to conceptual ize a facility that is rep r esen tative of one located with in the BSS. Com m unications with a staff m e mber were us ed to par a m e ter i ze the model. The nursery of interest has indoor and ou tdoor areas for growing and m a intaining plants. Outdoor plants include cacti, annuals, perennials, shrubs, and trees. Outdoor plants are m a intained on eithe r weed contr o l m a t or on grav el. Plants are kept in pots of various sizes, ranging from 4 to m u l tiple gallons, depending upon the type of plant kept within. Irrigation is carr i ed ou t daily with e ithe r hose o r spr i nkler system s. Plants are m a intained ou tside y earround, with som e becoming dorm a nt in the winter and som e re m a ining green. Spring and fall repres ent the busiest tim es fo r plant production and sales for this nursery (personal communication with nursery em ployee). Several assum p tions were m a de to param e ter i ze th e m odel. First, it was assu m e d that the area th at w ould yield the greatest runoff potential would be from a bare surface that would be repres ente d by the walk ways between the potted plants These areas could potentially receive direct app l ications of pesticides sprayed on potted plants. Therefore, the surface o f the soil was conceptu aliz ed as being gravel or dirt (area u nder weed m a ts). This was an assum p tion that affect ed selection of curve nu mbers, USLE C and Mannings N. Second, it was assu med that pesticide runoff of po tted soil would not degrade or adsorb and would theref ore, be applied directly to the soil. The contractor also researched regulations fo r pesticide runoff from nurseries. Cindy Hooper of the TX Comm ission on Environm en tal Quality (TCEQ) Stormwater Team, which regulates th e State TPDES for the federal NPDES, stated th at the Nursery SIC code is 0181 w h ich is an Agricultural type SIC code. Ther efore nurseries are not required to have a TPDES Multi-Secto r General Per m it. Nancy McClintoc k Assistant Directo r of the City of Austin W a tershe d Protection and Develop m ent Review Board ind i cated th at a recen t ord i n a nce requires Integrated Pest Managem e nt (IPM) plans for new developm ent; however th e plan doe s not have specific pesticide runoff control requirem e nts. It is im portan t to no te that this ordinance applies only to those areas of the BSZ under the jurisdiction of the City of Au stin (approxim a tely one-quarter of the BSZ). The analysis of land cover inform ation is provided in Figure 7. Page 123 of 6 02

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Figure 7. Location of outdoor whol esale nurseries in the Barton Springs segm ent of the Edwards Aquifer Page 124 of 6 02

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LAND US E / LAND COVER ANALYSI S Percent of each land us e was com p uted for each of the land use / land cover datasets used in scenario developm ent. Table 2 presents the pe rcent of each land use as classified by USGS (2003) for the Barton S p rings Segm ent in Ha ys a nd Travis counties, TX. Table 3 presents the percen t of each land u s e as classified by COA (2003). Datasets were spatially clipp e d in ArcGIS to the are a of in teres t a s def i ned in the SOW f o r this asses s m e nt, specif i c a lly the Bar t on Springs Contributing, Recharge, and Transition zones in Hays and Travis Counties, T X Table 2. Percent of each land use in the Ba rton Springs Segment of Hays and Travis Counties, TX computed from USGS (2003) d a taset. Based on the table edw lulc_BSS_AOI_UTM_SOIL in the BartonSpringsAOI.mdb geodatabase Land Use / Land Cove r Area (acres ) % Related Scenario Forested 138,670 54.60% NA Natural Herbaceous 37,700 14.84% Rangeland Single-Fam ily Residential 28,352 11.16% Residential Mixed Forest/Shrub 26,068 10.26% NA Planted/Cultivated Herbaceous 8,098 3.19% Meadow Shrubland 5,989 2.36% NA Transportation 2,278 0.90% NA Comm ercial/Light Indus try 1,537 0.61% NA Mixed Urban 1,339 0.53% NA Entertainm ent and Recreational 1,174 0.46% NA Institutional 854 0.34% NA Quarries/Strip Mines/Gravel Pits 720 0.28% NA Multi-Fam ily Residential 546 0.22% Residential Reservoir 141 0.06% NA Agricultural Business 113 0.04% NA Communications And Utilities 90 0.04% NA Planted/Cultivated W oody (Orchards/Vineyards/Groves) 75 0.03% Orchard Transitional Bare 65 0.03% NA Heavy Industry 64 0.03% NA Stream /River 31 0.01% NA Bare Rock/S and 22 0.01% NA Em ergent Herbaceou s W e tlands 20 0.01% NA Bare 16 0.01% NA Woody W e t l and 12 0.00% NA Total* 253,974 100% Note: Tota l are a does n o t m a tch exactly be tween the COA and USGS data sets due to differences in boundary delineation s by each or ganization. USGS did not include Blan co Page 125 of 6 02

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county and several fringe areas that w e re in cluded in the COA dataset. Both datasets were clippe d to the a r ea of interes t a s def i ned in the SOW f o r this as sess m e nt, specifically the Barton S p rings Contributing, Recharge, and T r ansition zones in Hays and Travis Coun ties, TX. Table 3. Percent of each land use in the Ba rton Springs Segment of Hays and Travis Counties, TX computed from COA (2003) dataset. Based on the table "landuse2003_AOI_UTM_SOIL" in the BartonSpringsAOI.mdb geodatabase. Land Use / Land Cove r Area (acres ) % Related Scenario Large-lot Single Fam ily 71,669 28.2% NA Undeveloped 59,320 23.3% NA Agricultural 38,166 15.0% NA Single Fam ily Residential 33,502 13.2% NA Preserves 20,020 7.9% NA Streets and Roads 10,684 4.2% Right-of-way Parks/Greenbelts 6,136 2.4% NA Mobile Hom e s 2,923 1.1% NA Comm ercial 2,353 0.9% NA Resource Extraction 1,713 0.7% NA Apartm ent/Condo 1,494 0.6% NA Educational 1,184 0.5% NA Golf Courses 1,152 0.5% Turf Warehousing 1,136 0.4% NA Office 792 0.3% NA Meeting and Assem b ly 752 0.3% NA Duplexes 505 0.2% NA Utilities 249 0.1% Right-of-way Three/Fourplex 157 0.1% NA Miscellaneous Industrial 154 0.1% NA Governm e nt Services 114 0.0% NA Aviation f a c ilitie s 59 0.0% NA Hospitals 58 0.0% NA Water 52 0.0% NA Railroad Facilities 45 0.0% Right-of-way Ce m e teries 39 0.0% NA Retirem ent Housing 26 0.0% NA Manufacturing 22 0.0% NA Parking 9 0.0% NA Marinas 3 0.0% NA Group Quarters 2 0.0% NA Se m i -institutional Housing 0 0.0% NA Total* 254,490 100.0% Page 126 of 6 02

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* Note: Tota l are a does n o t m a tch exactly be tween the COA and USGS data sets due to differences in boundary delineation s by each or ganization. USGS did not include Blan co county and several fringe areas that w e re incl uded in the COA dataset. Both datasets were clipped to th e area of in terest as def i ned in the S O W f o r this assessm ent, specif i ca lly the Barton Springs Contributing, Recharge, and Tran sition zones in Hays and Travis Counties, TX. Page 127 of 6 02

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CLIMAT E AND TIME PARAM E TERS Geographic param e ters located in table 1 of th e m e tadata files were determ ined based on the AOI. The m e teorological s t ation selec t ed f o r the scen ar ios was loc a ted in Au stin, Texa s (W 13958). This station was the clos est available weather station th at included data required for PRZM. PF AC and ANETD values were determ ined f o r the loc a tion of the AOI as it corresponded to PRZM m a nual figures 5.1 and 5.2, respectively (U.S EPA 1998). It was assum e d that snowfall could o ccur and persist based on meteorological data f o r Austin, which indicated that from 1971-2001, the average snowfall for the wi nter season was 0.6 inches (NOAA 200 6); therefore, the SFAC value was set to correspond to the value representative of open areas (Table 5.1, U.S. EPA 1998). SOIL SEL E CTION/P ARAME T E R I Z ATION Soil series were selec t ed for the Barton Spri ngs scenarios based on geospatial analysis and discuss i ons with local experts. Pe rcent of each soil type within a pa rticular LULC of interest i n the Barton Springs Segm ent (BSS) was determined by inte rsecting the LULC data sets (USGS 2003, COA 2003) with soils data (USDA 2006). Soils were then selected based on various factors, including: ex ten t rep r esen tativeness, benchm ark soil, and/or high vulnerability of soil to erosion. The Brackett soil series was selected for six of the seven scenario s, including : residen t ial, im pervious, right-of-way, turf, m eadow and range land/p a stu r eland. The Tarran t soil series was selected for the nursery scenario. Data for thes e soils was ob tained f r om Soil Data M a rt (USDA 2006) for the county with the m o st extensive amount of the relevant LULC (Table 4). Values for thickne ss, bulk density, initial wate r conten t, f i eld capac ity and wiltin g point wer e taken f r om soil data m a rt for the horizons of interest. Organ i c carbon was determ ined for each horizon with organic m a tter data that were adjusted using the relationship % OC = % Organic Matter/1.724 (Doucette 2 000). In all scenarios, Soil Data Mart includ ed inform ation for an addition a l so il horizon. Since this horizon was bedrock, the horizon was not added to the soil profiles. Table 4. Soil types and county locations of so il data for each of the Barton Springs scenarios. Scenario Soil Soil Confirmed? County Meadow Brackett-Ro ck Outcrop-Comfort Co m p lex yes Hays Rangeland/P a stureland Brackett-Ro ck Outcrop-Comfort Co m p lex yes Hays Residential Brackett-Ro ck OutcropCom p lex yes Travis Im pervious Brackett-Rock Outcrop-Com p lex yes Travis Turf Brackett-Ro ck Outcrop-Com p lex yes Travis Right-of-W a y Brackett-Rock Outcrop-Com p lex yes Travis Nursery Tarrant soils and urban land No* Travis See nursery soil selection inform ation below. Page 128 of 6 02

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th The Brackett series approxim a tes th e 90 percentile of vulnerability, drainage, erodibility, and slope. The relatively low organic m a tter content is also ex pected to re sult in lowe r m i crobial activ ity and thus reduce d potentia l f o r pesticide degradation Brackett s o ils have a USLE K th factor of 0.37 wh ich includes the 90 percen tile of thes e soils in e r o d ibility. Br a c kett is a benchm ark soil as well as a Hydrologic Group C. Slopes can range from 1 to 60 percent (Soil Survey Staf f, 2006a); however th e most typical range for the Brackett series in residential areas is either 1-8 percent (H ays County) or 1-12 percent (T ravis County) (USDA 2006). Tarrant is a Hydrologic Group D soi l with a USLE K factor of 0.32 (USDA 2006). Slopes range f r om 1 to 8 percen t f o r this ser i es (USDA 199 7), but for the portion th at overlaps with the nursery, the slope range is 0 to 2 percent. Since all three outdoor nursery operations in the BSS are located within Travis County, soil param e ters were obtained soil data m a rt inform ation pertaining to Travis County (USDA 2006). Residential and Impervious Soils were selec t ed bas e d on vulnerability and the exten t within sin g leand m u lti-f am ily residential areas in BSS. Based on a geospatial analysis of soils (USDA 2006) and land use data (USGS 2003) for residential areas a s well a s co nversations with lo cal s o il experts, Brackett soils were chosen to represent reside ntial areas in the BSS. Brackett soils are in Hydrologic Group C, are found in both the contributing and recharge z ones of the Edwards Aquifer (Figure 1), and are the m o st common soil on which residential dwellings are located, accounting for 35% of all soils in resid e ntial areas ( Table 5). Brackett soils are often undulat ing (Soil Survey Staff 2006a) m a king them desirable for developm ent due to th eir scenic nature (Vol ente 2004). The location of Brackett soils was also cross-checked with aerial photography (TWDB 2004) to ensure that the soil chos en coincid e d with reside ntia l area s where pesticides would reasonably be applied. A local so il ex pert a l so co nf irm e d that Brackett so il is a com m on soil ty pe in res i de ntia l area s of the BSS (Perez, 2006). A thatch layer was added to the top of the soil layer according to U.S. EPA guidance on m odeling turf, as provided with the SOW The im pervious scenario is inte nded to be coupled to the reside ntial scenario to m i m i c hydrology of untreated portions of the Barton Springs Segm ent (B SS) of the Edwards Aquifer. The intention is to couple the edge of fi eld concentrations from this scenario with th e edge of field concentratio ns from the res i dential scenario for Barton Springs to generate weighted concentrations for areas of varying impervious c over. Theref ore, this sce n ario re lie s on a sim ilar soil series as the residential s cenario (Brackett); however the uppe r horizon has been adjusted to a non-soil nature. This include d setting a high curve number high bulk density, low curve num b er, and setting organic carbon to zero. Page 129 of 6 02

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Percent area of soils in each Hydro l ogic Group w i thin single/multi-fa mily residential land use type (USGS 2003) in Barton Springs Segment of the Edw a rds Aquifer. Hydrologic Group Percent water/cut & f ill /e tc. 0.06% A 0.37% B 1.35% C 47.14% D 51.09% 100.00% Table 5. Analysis of Residential Soils Types. Types of D soils in sing leand multifamily re sidentia l la nd use type in the Barto n Springs Segment of Th e Edw a rds Aquif er (percent of LULC in parenthesis). Speck stony clay loam 16.9% (8.64%) Comfort-Rock outcrop co m p lex 12.6% (6.47%) Real-Comfort-Doss com p lex 12.0% (6.13%) Tarrant and Speck soils 8.55% (4.37%) Tarrant soils and Urban land 7.11% (3.63%) Tarrant soils 6.09% (3.11%) Doss silty clay 5.55% (2. 83%) Denton silty clay 3.68% (1.88%) Urban land and Brackett soils 2.61% (1.33%) Urban land and Austin soils 2.57% (1.31%) Crawford clay 2.42% (1.23%) Urban land, Austin, and Whitewr ight soils 2.40% (1.23%) Purves silty clay 2.13% (1.09%) Krum clay 2.13% (1.09%) Houston Black soils and Ur ban land 1.97% (1.01%) Heiden clay 1.27% (0.65 % ) San Saba soils and Urban land 1.12% (0.57%) Medlin-Eckrant association 1.07% (0.54%) Tarpley clay 1.01% (0.51%) San Saba clay 0.95% (0.49%) Purves clay 0.90% (0.46 % ) Real gravelly loam 0.80% (0.41%) Tarrant-Rock outcrop complex 0.75% (0.38%) Speck clay loam 0.65% (0.33%) Anhalt clay 0.63% (0.32%) Urban land and Ferris soils 0.58% (0.29%) Urban land 0.41% (0.21%) Gruene clay 0.39% (0.20%) Page 130 of 6 02

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Eckrant-Rock outcrop complex 0.19% (0.09%) Ferris Heide n com p lex 0.17% (0.09 % ) Houston Black clay 0.10% (0.05%) Tinn clay 0.03% (0.01%) Types of C soils in sing leand multifamily re sidentia l la nd use type in the Barto n Springs Segment of Th e Edw a rds Aquif er (percent of LULC in parenthesis). Brackett-Ro ck outcrop (Comfort or Real) com p lex 73.6% (34.7%) Rum p le-Com fort associ ation 8.22% (3.88%) Eddy soils and Urban land 4.88% (2.30%) Volente silty clay loam 4.87% (2.29%) Eddy gravelly loam 2.15% (1.01%) Austin silty clay 2.09% (0.98%) Bolar clay loam 1.26% (0.59%) Volente soils and Urban land 1.23% (0.58%) Castephen silty clay loam 0.94% (0.44%) Austin-Castephen com p lex 0.42% (0.19%) Altoga soils and Urban land 0.07% (0.03%) Altoga silty clay 0.04% (0.02%) Travis soils and urban land 0.02% (0.01%) W h itewright clay lo am 0.01% (0.00 % ) Castephen clay loam 0.00% (0.00%) Types of B soils in sing leand multifamily re sidentia l la nd use type in the Barto n Springs Segment of the Edw a rds Aquifer (percent of LULC in parenthesis). Sunev clay loam 39.0% (0.52%) Lewisville s ilty clay 19. 7% (0.26% ) Patrick soils 14.9% (0.20%) Lewisville soils and Urban land 10.4% (0.14%) Patrick soils and urban land 6.90% (0.09%) Sunev silty clay loam 2. 82% (0.03%) Seawillow c l ay loam 2.36% (0.03% ) Oakalla soils 2.08% (0.02%) Hardem an s o ils and Urban land 0.80% (0.01%) Oakalla s i lty clay lo am 0.41% (0.00 % ) Bergstrom soils and Urban land 0.33% (0.00%) Boerne fine sandy loam 0.12% (0.00%) Types of A soils in sing leand multifamily re sidentia l la nd use type in the Barto n Springs Segment of the Edw a rds Aquifer (percent of LULC in parenthesis). Mixed alluvial land 82.4% (0.30%) Orif soils 15 .7% (0.05% ) Gaddy soils and Urban land 1.76% (0.00%) Page 131 of 6 02

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Turf Soil param e ters were determ ined using data from Soil Data Mart (USDA 2006) for Travis County and land use data from the City of Aust in (COA, 2003). This county data set was used since the majority of golf courses in the AOI reside within Travis County. The specific soil chosen was Brackett-R o ck Outcrop Com p lex, w ith 1-12% slopes, which is the most comm on soil lo cated within golf c ourse ar eas of BSS (Figur e 3). A thatch layer was added to the top of the soil layer according to U.S. EPA guidance on m odeling tu rf as prov id ed with the SOW The properties of the tha t ch layer a r e con s isten t with existing tu rf scenar ios: P A turf and FL turf The Brackett series was chosen to repres ent tu rf areas in the BSS (Table 5) because it is a benchm ark soil, is highly representative of golf co urse areas in the BSS, and it approx im ates the th 90 percentile of vulnerability in drainag e erodib ility, and slope. Brackett so ils a r e in Hydrologic Group C soils and are found in both th e contributing and rech arge zones of the Edwards Aquifer. Bracket soils are the m o st co mmon soil type found in golf course areas of the BSS (Table 6). Table 6. Analysis of Golf Course S o il Types. Types of D soils in golf course land use type in the Barton Springs Segment of Edw a rds Aquifer (percent of LULC in parenthesis). Tarrant 38.0% (12.5%) Speck 28.6% (9.45%) San Saba 19.3% (6.39%) Crawford 11.4% (3.76%) Doss 2.52% (0.83%) Types of C soils in golf course land use type in the Barton Springs Segment of Edw a rds Aquifer (percent of LULC in parenthesis). Brackett 77.6% (50.5%) Volente 22.3% (14.5%) Types of A soils in golf course land use type in the Barton Springs Segment of Edw a rds Aquifer (percent of LULC in parenthesis). Alluvial land 100% (1.91%) Right-of-w ay Soils were chosen based on co-location with right-of-way areas based on land use coverage developed by the City of Austin (City of Aus tin 2003). The land use data set include streets, roads, utilities, and railroads, but does not incl u d e fence lin es. Based on a geospatial analy s is o f right-of-way land uses (City of Aust in 2003) a nd USDA soi l s data (USDA 2006), Brackett soils were chosen to represent right-of-way areas in the BSS. Brackett soils are found in both the contributing and recharge zones of the Edward s Aquifer and are the m o st comm on soil on which right-of-way areas are located (Fig ure 4 ) acco un ting for 32% of soils in righ t-of-way areas Page 132 of 6 02

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(Table 7). The soil data for Travis County, Brackett-Rock Ou tcrop-C o m p lex soil with slopes 112% was used to parameterize the soil com ponent of this scenario (USDA 2006). Table 7. Analysis of Right-of-w ay Soil Types. Types of D soils in righ t-of-w ay (streets / r oads/utilities/ra i lroads) land use type in the Barton Springs Segment of Ed w a rds A qui fer (percent of AOI in p a renthesis ) Speck stony clay loam 23.5% (12.8%) Tarrant and Speck soils 10.2% (5.54%) Tarrant soils 7.05% (3.83%) Real-Comfort-Doss com p lex 6.85% (3.72%) Crawford clay 6.85% (3.72%) Comfort-Rock outcrop co m p lex 6.50% (3.53%) Tarrant soils and Urban land 5.75% (3.12%) Doss silty clay 4.07% (2. 21%) Denton silty clay 3.55% (1.93%) Urban land and Austin soils 2.28% (1.23%) San Saba clay 2.24% (1.21%) Krum clay 2.22% (1.20%) Heiden clay 2.08% (1.13 % ) Purves silty clay 1.83% (0.99%) Urban land Austin and Whitewright soils 1.59% (0.86%) Houston Black soils and Ur ban land 1.54% (0.83%) San Saba soils and Urban land 1.53% (0.83%) Urban land and Brackett soils 1.38% (0.75%) Urban land 1.18% (0.64%) Tarpley clay 1.01% (0.55%) Gruene clay 0.96% (0.52%) Purves clay 0.84% (0.45 % ) Medlin-Eckrant association 0.80% (0.43%) Tarrant-Rock outcrop complex 0.77% (0.41%) Speck clay loam 0.66% (0.36%) Ferris Heide n com p lex 0.59% (0.32 % ) Anhalt clay 0.42% (0.23%) Branyon clay 0.41% (0.22%) Real gravelly loam 0.36% (0.19%) Houston Black clay 0.32% (0.17%) Urban land and Ferris soils 0.23% (0.12%) Eckrant-Rock outcrop complex 0.15% (0.08%) Tinn clay 0.07% (0.03%) Types of C soils in righ t-of-w ay (streets / r oads/utilities/ra i lroads) land use type in the Barton Springs Segment of Ed w a rds A qui fer (percent of AOI in p a renthesis ) Page 133 of 6 02

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Brackett-Ro ck outcrop (Comfort or Real) com p lex 73.8% (32.2%) Rum p le-Com fort associ ation 7.41% (3.23%) Volente silty clay loam 6.52% (2.84%) Eddy soils and Urban land 3.14% (1.37%) Austin silty clay 2.56% (1.11%) Bolar clay loam 1.95% (0.85%) Eddy gravelly loam 1.68% (0.73%) Castephen silty clay loam 1.06% (0.46%) Volente soils and Urban land 0.89% (0.39%) Austin-Castephen com p lex 0.60% (0.26%) Castephen clay loam 0.18% (0.07%) Travis soils and urban land 0.05% (0.02%) Altoga soils and Urban land 0.03% (0.01%) W h itewright clay lo am 0.03% (0.01 % ) Altoga silty clay 0.01% (0.00%) Types of B soils in righ t-of-w ay (streets / r oads/utilities/ra i lroads) land use type in the Barton Springs Segment of Ed w a rds A qui fer (percent of AOI in p a renthesis ) Sunev clay loam 40.7% (0.60%) Lewisville s ilty clay 21. 5% (0.32% ) Patrick soils 10.9% (0.16%) Lewisville soils and Urban land 5.63% (0.08%) Hardem an s o ils and Urban land 5.36% (0.07%) Patrick soils and urban land 4.93% (0.07%) Oakalla s i lty clay lo am 3.01% (0.04 % ) Oakalla soils 2.92% (0.04%) Bergstrom soils and Urban land 2.64% (0.03%) Sunev silty clay loam 1. 43% (0.02%) Seawillow c l ay loam 0.77% (0.01% ) Types of A soils in righ t-of-w ay (streets / r oads/utilities/ra i lroads) land use type in the Barton Springs Segment of Ed w a rds A qui fer (percent of AOI in p a renthesis ) Mixed alluvial land 80.3% (0.46%) Orif soils 19 .2% (0.11% ) Gaddy soils and Urban land 0.30% (0.00%) Page 134 of 6 02

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Rangeland/pastureland Rangeland and pas t ureland were identified b a sed on th e natu ral h e rbaceou s land cover classification in the BSS (USGS 2003). Based on th e analysis of land use and soils data, Brackett soils were chosen to rep r esent rangelands and pasturelands in the BSS (Table 5). Brackett soils are found in both the contributing and recharge zones of the Edwards Aquifer and are the m o st common soi l on which rangeland is located ( Ta b l e 8). This soil typ e was conf irm e d by an extension agent (Perez, 2006). Percent area of soils in each Hydro l ogi c Group w i thin the natural herbaceous land use type (USGS 2003) in Barton Spr ings Segment of Edw a rds Aquifer. Hydrologic Group Percent water/cut & f ill /e tc. 0.25% A 0.68% B 6.67% C 49.95% D 42.45% 100.00% Table 8. Analysis of Rangeland Soil Types. Types of D soils in natural herbace o us land use type in the Barton Springs Segment of Edw a rds Aquifer (perce nt of LULC in parenthesis). Doss silty clay 25.1% (1 0.6%) Real-Comfort-Doss com p lex 15.4% (6.54%) Comfort-Rock outcrop co m p lex 10.3% (4.40%) Krum clay 6.58% (2.79%) Tarpley clay 4.83% (2.04%) Denton silty clay 4.74% (2.01%) Purves clay 4.44% (1.88 % ) Speck stony clay loam 3. 14% (1.33%) Crawford clay 2.86% (1.21%) Houston Black clay 2.43% (1.03%) Anhalt clay 2.22% (0.94%) Gruene clay 2.14% (0.90%) Tarrant soils 2.12% (0.89%) Krum clay 1.99% (0.84%) Purves silty clay 1.59% (0.67%) Tarrant and Speck soils 1.51% (0.64%) San Saba clay 1.10% (0.46%) Branyon clay 0.98% (0.41%) Page 135 of 6 02

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Heiden clay 0.87% (0.37 % ) Denton silty clay 0.68% (0.28%) Tinn clay 0.62% (0.26%) Heiden clay 0.54% (0.22 % ) Speck clay loam 0.43% (0.18%) Real gravelly loam 0.39% (0.16%) Eckrant-Rock outcrop complex 0.35% (0.15%) Heiden clay 0.33% (0.14 % ) Medlin-Eckrant association 0.32% (0.13%) Denton silty clay 0.27% (0.11%) Medlin-Eckrant association 0.27% (0.11%) Krum clay 0.24% (0.10%) Urban land and Austin soils 0.21% (0.09%) Crawford clay 0.18% (0.07%) Heiden clay 0.10% (0.04 % ) Houston Black clay 0.10% (0.04%) Tarrant soils and Urban land 0.08% (0.03%) San Saba soils and Urban land 0.07% (0.03%) Urban land, Austin and Whitewr ight soils 0.06% (0.02%) Urban land 0.03% (0.01%) Tarrant-Rock outcrop complex 0.02% (0.01%) Branyon clay 0.02% (0.00%) Houston Black clay 0.00% (0.00%) Houston Black soils and Ur ban land 0.00% (0.00%) Ferris Heide n com p lex 0.00% (0.00 % ) Tarrant soils and Urban land 0.00% (0.00%) Tarrant soils and Urban land 1.48% (6.31%) Types of C soils in natural herbace o us land use type in the Barton Springs Segment of Edw a rds Aquifer (perce nt of LULC in parenthesis). Brackett-Ro ck outcrop (Comfort or Real) com p lex 82.9% (22.7%) Rum p le-Comfort association 57.7% (15.8%) Bolar clay loam 15.4% (4.24%) Volente silty clay loam 14.3% (3.93%) Austin-Castephen com p lex 4.78% (1.31%) Austin silty clay 1.73% (0.47%) Austin-Castephen com p lex 1.63% (0.44%) Volente silty clay loam 1.44% (0.39%) Castephen silty clay loam 1.27% (0.34%) Castephen silty clay loam 0.40% (0.11%) Altoga silty clay 0.33% (0.09%) Page 136 of 6 02

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Castephen clay loam 0.33% (0.09%) Austin silty clay 0.26% (0.07%) Altoga silty clay 0.11% (0.03%) Eddy gravelly loam 0.08% (0.02%) Eddy gravelly loam 0.03% (0.00%) Eddy soils and Urban land 0.02% (0.00%) Travis soils and urban land 0.00% (0.00%) Types of B soils in natural herbace o us land use type in the Barton Springs Segment of Edw a rds Aquifer (perce nt of LULC in parenthesis). Sunev clay loam 54.1% (3.62%) Lewisville s ilty clay 25. 0% (1.67% ) Seawillow c l ay loam 3.10% (0.20% ) Boerne fine sandy loam 2.89% (0.19%) Seawillow c l ay loam 2.49% (0.16% ) Lewisville s ilty clay 2.2 6 % (0.15% ) Oakalla s i lty clay lo am 2.05% (0.13 % ) Sunev silty clay loam 2. 05% (0.13%) Lewisville s ilty clay 1.4 9 % (0.09% ) Oakalla soils 1.27% (0.08%) Patrick soils 1.21% (0.08%) Lewisville s ilty clay 1.1 6 % (0.07% ) Patrick soils 0.43% (0.02%) Oakalla soils 0.17% (0.01%) Patrick soils and urban land 0.12% (0.00%) Hardem an s o ils and Urban land 0.06% (0.00%) Lewisville soils and Urban land 0.04% (0.00%) Types of A soils in natural herbace o us land use type in the Barton Springs Segment of Edw a rds Aquifer (perce nt of LULC in parenthesis). Mixed alluvial land 76.3% (0.52%) Orif soils 23 .6% (0.16% ) Gaddy soils and Urban land 0.02% (0.00%) Meadow Soils were s e lected based on the extent with in h e rbaceou s planted areas in BSS and the potential to yield high-end runoff and erosion. Based on a geospatial analysis of soils (USDA 2006) and land use data (USGS 2003) for herbaceous planted areas as well as conv ersations with local so il experts, Brackett soils w e re cho s en to represen t m eadow areas in the BS S (Table 5 ) Location of the Brackett soils was also cross-checked with aerial photography (TWDB 2004) t o ensure that the so il cho s en coin cided with h e rb aceous p l an ted areas wh ere p e sticid es would reasonably be applied. A local so il e xpert also conf irm e d that Bracke t t soils a r e extens ive s o il types of m eadows in the BSS (P erez 2006). Br ackett soils while not the m o st extensive soil in this land use; it is the second m o st extensive benchmark soil in the herbaceous planted land use. One Page 137 of 6 02

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benchm ark soil is m o re extensive (Denton), howe ver Brackett was chosen over this soil since Brackett soils have a higher erodibility potential. Data from Hays County we re selected since the m a jority of this LULC is located in this county. Planted/Cultivated herbaceous land use type in USGS (2003) data set Hydrologic Group Percent water 0.03% A 0.15% B 16.27% C 17.76% D 65.79% 100.00% Table 9. Analysis of Meadow Soil Types. Types of D soils in herbaceous planted land use type in the Barton Springs Segment of Edw a rds Aquifer (perce nt in LULC in parenthesis). Doss silty clay 28.2% (1 8.5%) Krum clay 21.4% (14.0%) Denton silty clay 7.91% (5.20%) Heiden clay 6.61% (4.35 % ) Houston Black clay 5.84% (3.84%) Tarpley clay 4.05% (2.66%) Anhalt clay 3.73% (2.45%) Purves clay 3.64% (2.39 % ) Crawford clay 3.48% (2.29%) Gruene clay 3.10% (2.04%) Branyon clay 2.24% (1.47%) Purves silty clay 2.19% (1.44%) Speck clay loam 1.95% (1.28%) Real-Comfort-Doss com p lex 1.94% (1.28%) San Saba clay 1.28% (0.84%) Comfort-Rock outcrop co m p lex 0.84% (0.55%) Medlin-Eckrant association 0.59% (0.39%) Real gravelly loam 0.22% (0.14%) Speck stony clay loam 0. 20% (0.13%) Tarrant and Speck soils 0.13% (0.09%) Tinn clay 0.12% (0.08%) Tarrant soils 0.10% (0.07%) Urban land and Austin soils 0.07% (0.04%) Urban land, Austin, and Whitewr ight soils 0.02% (0.01%) Eckrant-Rock outcrop complex 0.00% (0.00%) Page 138 of 6 02

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Types of C soils in herbaceous planted land use type in the Barton Springs Segment of Edw a rds Aquifer (perce nt in LULC in parenthesis). Brackett-Ro ck outcrop (Comfort or Real) com p lex 25.5% (4.54%) Bolar clay loam 23.8% (4.24%) Austin-Castephen com p lex 23.6% (4.20%) Volente silty clay loam 13.4% (2.38%) Rum p le-Com fort associ ation 6.66% (1.18%) Castephen clay loam 3.84% (0.68%) Austin silty clay 1.91% (0.33%) Castephen silty clay loam 0.93% (0.16%) Eddy soils and Urban land 0.12% (0.02%) Volente soils and Urban land 0.03% (0.00%) Eddy gravelly loam 0.03% (0.00%) Types of B soils in herbaceous planted land use type in the Barton Springs Segment of Edw a rds Aquifer (perce nt in LULC in parenthesis). Sunev clay loam 55.6% (9.06%) Lewisville s ilty clay 30. 1% (3.98% ) Seawillow c l ay loam 16.7% (2.22% ) Sunev silty clay loam 3. 89% (0.51%) Oakalla s i lty clay lo am 1.97% (0.26 % ) Boerne fine sandy loam 0.66% (0.08%) Patrick soils 0.66% (0.08%) Oakalla soils 0.51% (0.06%) Types of A soils in herbaceous planted land use type in the Barton Springs Segment of Edw a rds Aquifer (perce nt in LULC in parenthesis). Orif soils 81 .1% (0.12% ) Mixed alluvial land 18.8% (0.02%) Outdoor nursery The soil selected for the nursery scenario was selected based on the overlap between the nursery of interest (Barton Springs Nursery) and soil extents (USDA 2006). Aerial photography (TWDB 2004) was used to identify the location of the nursery operation and the locations of t h e outdoor areas of production. Only one soil type overlappe d with the nursery ope r a tion : Tarr a n t soils and urban land. Therefore, it was dete r m ined that this soil typ e wa s a rep r esentative soil that an outdoor nursery operation in the BSS would reside upon. Sin ce all three outdoor nursery operations in the BSS are located w ithin Travis County, soil param e ters were obtained soil data m a rt infor m ation pertaining to Travis County (USDA 2006). Page 139 of 6 02

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CONTACT S Botto, Robert GIS Specialist W a tershed Protection a nd Developm ent Review Board 512-974-2187 Davis, Bryan Texas Cooperative Extension Phone: 512-393-2120 DeLong-Amaya, Andrea Ladybird Johnson W ildflower Center 5112-292-4200 x122 Garcia, Ed di e NRCS Soil Conservatio nist Phone: 512-459-1623 x3 Hooper, Cynthia Non-Point Source Team Texas Comm ission on Environm ental Quality 512-239-4524 Lambert, Scott Travis County Highway Departm e nt 512-854-9317 Markw a rdt, Dennis Vegetation Managem e nt Specialist Texas DOT, Maintenance Div. Phone: 512-832-7380 Mason, John Vegetation Managem e nt Specialist Texas DOT, Maintenance Div. Phone: 512-832-7380 McClintock, Nancy Assistant Director W a tershed Protection and Developm ent Review Board 512-974-2652 Perez Cresencio (Cris ) NRCS District Conservatio nist Phone: 512-392-4050 x3) Robinson, Rich Storm w ater Quality Mo nitor i ng Pro g ram W a ters hed Protec tion and Developm ent Review Dept. City of Austin, Texas Phone : 512-974-2394 Fax: 512-974-2846 Shay, Kathy Water Quality Education Manager City of Au stin Watershed P r otection and Development Review Board Phone: 512-974-2446 Smithamn, Nick Superintendent of Austin Munici pal Golf Courses Phone: 512-447-2616 Stew art, Karen Senior W a ter Conservation Specialist City of Austin W a ter Utility Phone: 512-974-2978 Ward, Don Travis County Highway Departm e nt 512-854-9317 Page 140 of 6 02

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Windhager, Steve Ladybird Johnson W ildflower Center 5112-292-4200 x122 REFE RE NCES City of Austin (COA). 2003. Unpublished Land http://www.ci.austin.tx.us/landuse/. Accessed 15 February 2005. Use Data. City of Austin Land Use (ftp://coageoid01.ci.austin.tx.us/GISData/Region a l/co a _gis.h t m l ) data 2003 City of Aus tin. 2002. Barton Springs Zone Scient ific Inventory. City of Austin Watershed Protection Departm e nt. Environm e n tal Reso urces Managem e nt Division. Available on line at http://www.cityofaustin.org/. Dunne, T., and L. Leopold. 1978. W a ter in Environm ental Planning. W H. Freem an an Com p any, New York. 818 pp. Martinez, R. 2006. NRCS officer for Travis Co unty. Personal Comm unication, March 22, 2006. NOAA. 2006. National W eather Service Forecast Office. Clim atological data for Austin, Texas. data. http://www.weather. gov/clim a te/xmacis.php? w fo=ewx Sm itham n, N. Superintendent, City of Au stin Municipal Golf Courses. Personal Communication, March 16, 2006. Soil Survey Staf f Natural Resou r c e s Conserva tion Service, United States Departm e nt of Agriculture. 2006b. Official Soil Series Description [Online WWW] for Tarrant Series. Available URL: http://ortho. ftw.nrcs.usda.gov/osd/dat/T/TARRANT.htm l [Accessed 6 March 2006]. Soil Survey Staff, Nat u ral Resources Conservation Serv ice, United States Dep a rtm e nt of Agriculture. 2006a. Official Soil Series Description [Online WWW] for Brackett Series. Available URL: http://ortho.ft w.nrcs.usda.gov/osd/ dat/B/BRACKETT.htm l [Accessed 6 March 2006]. Stewart, K. Senior W a ter Conservation Sp ecialis t, City of Austin W a ter Utility. Personal Communication, March 23, 2006. Texas W a ter Development Board (TW D B), Texa s Natur a l Resource Inf o rm ation System ( http ://www.tnris. s ta te.tx.us/digita l h tm ). 2004. 1-Meter A e rial Photography for T r avis and Hays Counties. Accessed March 3, 2006. USDA Soil Conservation Service. 1986. Urban Hydrology for Sm a ll W a tersheds. Technical nd Release 55, 2 edition, June 1986. Page 141 of 6 02

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USDA. 1997. 1997 Census of Ag riculture. U.S. Departm e nt of Agriculture, National Agricultural Statistics Servi ce. Accessed March 2006. Online at: http://www.nass.usda.gov/index.asp USDA. 2002. 2002 Census of Ag riculture. U.S. Departm e nt of Agriculture, National Agricultural Statistics Servi ce. Accessed March 2006. Online at: http://www.nass.usda.gov/index.asp USDA. 2006. Soil Survey Areas of Hays Counties, Texas. U.S. Departm e nt of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservati on Service (NRCS), Soil Data Mart. March 1, 2005. Online at: h ttp://so i ldatam art.nrc s .usda.gov USDA. 2000. Knisel, W.G., and Davis, F.M., 2000, GLEAMS: Ground water Loading Effects of Agricultural Managem e nt Syst em s, Version 3. 0: Agricultu ral Research Service, U.S. Department of Agricu ltu re, Publica tion N o SEW R L-W G K/FMD 050199, 191 p. U.S. EPA. 1998. Carsel, R.F., J.C. Imhoff, P. R. Humm el, J.M. Cheplic k, and A.S. Donigian, Jr. PRZM-3, A Model f o r Predicting Pestic id e and Nitrogen Fate in the Crop Root a n d Unsaturated Soil Zones: Users Manual for Release 3.0. National Exposure Research Laborato r y, Office of Resear ch and Developm ent, U. S. Environm ental Protection Agency, Athens, GA. U.S. EPA. 2004. Pesticide Root Zone Model (PRZM) Field and Orchard Crop Scenarios: Guidance for Selecting Field Crop and Orchar d Scenario Inp u t Param e ter s Novem b er 15, 2001; Revisions July 2004. U.S. EPA. 2005. Irrigation Guidance for developing PRZM Scenario. June 15, 2005. USGS, National Mapping Division, Rocky Mount ain Mapping Center. 2003. Edwards Aquifer Land Use / Land Cover. Denver, Colorado. Accessed online at http://www.tceq.state .tx.us/gis /lulc.htm l Volente, Village of. 2004. Com p rehensive Plan, village of Volente, Texas. Draft Report. Page 142 of 6 02

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RESE ARCH AND DO CUMENT A TION FOR AGRICULTURAL S C ENARIOS EVALUAT E D FOR T H E BART ON SP RINGS SALAMANDE R ASSES S MENT Overview This append ix is in tended to supplem ent the summary report subm itted by the contracto r under technical direction (TD) No. 3 (GSA Co ntract No. GS-00F-0019L, Order Num b er. EP06H000149). The SOW for TD3 i ndicated that seven optional scenarios m a y be required, depending on the existence of potential uses in the Barto n Springs S e gm ent. The scenarios included: 1 Forestry ; 2 Row crops (Table 2-2b of USDA TR55); 3 Sm all grains (Table 2-2b of USDA TR55); 4 Close seeded legum es (Table 2-2b of USDA TR55); 5 Woods-grass com b ination (orchard or tr ee farm ) (Table 2-2c of USDA TR55); 6 Meadow (Table 2-2c of USDA TR55); and 7 Cotton For the seven optional generic scenarios, th e contractor conducted prelim inary background research on each of th e suggested u s es to determ in e the presence of th e use site in the area of inte rest the level of sign if icance of the use. The contractor provide d an in ter i m delive r able repo rt docum enting the preliminary resear ch on 6 March 2006. The Agency directed the contractor to proceed bas e d on the recommendations, but to also further investigate the need for the orchard scenario. Th e Agency in dicated if th e contractor can confirm these are in the contributing zon e but not the recharge zon e then docu m ent as such and do not develop these scen ario s. If the crop is possib l y in the recharge zone then the scenar io m a y need to develope d, even with a lim ited acreag e. The contractor determ ined that the on e (1) orchard located in the recharg e zone based on land use (USGS 2003) is no lo nger active; the land has been converted to a L o wes hom e center. According to GIS land use coverage from the Te xas Comm is sion on Environm ental Quality and the City of Austin, agricultura l land uses do exist extensivel y throughout the in the Barton Springs Recharge and Contributing Zones (her eafte r re ferred to as the AOI o r Area of Inter e st), H o wever, m o st of th is ag r i cultura l la nd is used for range la nd, lives tock g r azing, and pasture, according to the extens ion agents from Hays and Travis Counties. All ex tension agents indicated the prevailing trend of agricultural and range land be ing broken up and converted to residen t ial a nd com m e rcial dev e lop m ent. Eddie Garcia from Tra v is Count y indicated that th ere are no crops comm ercially grown and harvested in the AOI of Travis County. There m a y be some grazing but usually its not even enough pasture so that supplem ental food must be purchased for the livestock. There is forested/wooded land but no fore stry operations for planting and harvesting. The Nature Conservancy owns 4600 acres in the AOI and is m a naging it as a natura l area. There are no Page 143 of 6 02

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agricu ltu ral producers registered with the Farm Service Agency (FSA) in the Barton Springs AOI. Scenario Background Research 1. Forestry NASS data indicates that a sm all a m ount of Chri stm a s trees are grown in Travis County (Table 10), however the ex tension agents from Travis a nd Hays Counties indicate d t h at t h ese cr ops ar e not grown the AOI. There is som e cedar and junipe r rem oval. These are considered pests and are rem oved and not sold (Perez 2006). There is a chem ical that can be used for rem oving cedar, but no one uses it in the BSS; m o st people cut nuisance trees down (Davis 2006). Based on the inf o rm ation f r om local e x tension ag e n ts, this use was deem ed outside th e area of interest and was not developed Table 10. NASS 1997/2002 census of agricu l tu re for Christmas trees in Hays and Travis Counties, Texas (USDA 1997, 2002). Crop HAYS TRAVIS 1997 Acres in Production 2002 Acres in Production 1997 Acres in Production 2002 Acres in Production Cut Christm a s trees X X X 9 X = data not available, not applicable or withheld 2. Ro w Cro p s NASS data indicates that a sm a ll amount of vegetable crops are the only row crops that are grown in Travis and Hays Counties (Table 11), however th e extension agents from Travis and Hays Counties indicated that these crops are not grown the AOI com m e rcially, only in residen t ial g a rdens. There is one certified orga nic far m near W i mberly but not within the AOI (Perez 2006). The only vegetables are in hom e gardens (Davis 2006). B a sed on the inform ation from local extens ion agents, th is use was deem ed outside the area of interest and was not developed Page 144 of 6 02

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Table 11. NASS 1997/2002 census of agricu l tu re for vegetable crops in Hays and Travis Counties, Texas (USDA 1997, 2002). Crop HAYS TRAVIS 1997 Harvested Acres 2002 Harvested Acres 1997 Harvested Acres 2002 Harvested Acres Land Used For Vegetables 13 11 19 17 Vegetables Harvested F o r Sale 24 39 52 37 Turnips X 1 X X Herbs, Fresh Cut 10 4 X X Carrots 1 X X X Dry Onions X 1 X 2 Peppers, Bell X X X 1 Peppers, Chile (All Peppers Excluding B e ll) X X X 3 Tom a toes 2 4 2 9 Okra X 3 1 3 Cantaloups 1 3 X 2 Waterm elons 1 X X 1 Cucu m b ers And Pickles 1 X X X Squash 1 3 X X Beets X X X 2 X = data not available, not applicable or withheld 3. Small Grains NASS data indicate that corn, oats, sorghum and wheat are grow n extensively in Travis and Hays Counties (Table 12). According to Soil Data Mart, there are num erous soils in the BSS that are suitable for growing corn, grain sorghum and wheat; however, Hays and Travis County extension agents from Travis and Hays Coun ties indicated th at sm all g r ain crops are no t cultivated in the BSS. In cases where sm all grains are p l anted such as winter wheat or oats th ey are used exclusively for harvesting from s m all plots from 5 to 15 acres (Davis 2006). All other grain crops like corn, sorghum wh eat, oats and m ilo are grown East of I-35 in the Blackland Prairie regio n (Perez 20 06). Base d on the inf o r m ation f r om loca l exten s ion agen ts, this us e was deem ed outside the area of inte rest and was not developed Page 145 of 6 02

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Table 12. NASS 1997/2002 census of agricu l tu re for grain crops in Hays and Travis Counties, Texas (USDA 1997, 2002). Crop HAYS TRAVIS 1997 Harvested Acres 2002 Harvested Acres 1997 Harvested Acres 2002 Harvested Acres Corn For Grain 5915 3084 12139 12378 Oats For Grain 836 X 215 206 Sorghum For Grain 5406 1435 21298 14684 Wheat For Grain, All 4674 3527 4849 3320 W i nter W h e a t For Grain X 3527 X 3320 Sweet Corn 1 1 X 3 X = data not available, not applicable or withheld 4. Close-seeded legumes NASS data indicates that a s m all a m ount of closeseeded legum e s are grown in Travis and Hays Counties (T able 13 ), ho wever th e e x tension age n ts from Travis and Hay s Counties indicated th at these crops are not grown in the A O I (Perez 2006; Davis 2006). Based on the limited extent of legum es in Hays and Travis coun tie s and inf o r m ation f r om local exten s ion agen ts, this use was deem ed outside the area of inte rest and was not developed Table 13. NASS 1997/2002 census of agricu l tu re for legu mes in Hays and Travis Counties, Texas (USDA 1997, 2002). Crop HAYS TRAVIS 1997 Harvested Acres 2002 Harvested Acres 1997 Harvested Acres 2002 Harvested Acres Peas, Green Southern (C owpeas) Blackeyed, Crowder, Etc. X 1 X X Snap Beans X 4 X 1 X = data not available, not applicable or withheld 5. Orchard or Tree Farms NASS data indicates that orchard crops are gr own in Travis and Hays Counties (Table 14); however the extension agent from Travis County i ndicated that there are no orchards in the BSS. The extension agent from Hays County indicated that th er e is one loc a tion in the BSS where orchard crops are grown: the or chard at the Barsana Dham -Isdl Tem p le (on FM1826) where they Page 146 of 6 02

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grow persim mons, peaches, pecans, etc. These are grown for Pick-Your-Own and they use low toxicity IPM (Integrated Pest Managem e nt) practices there (Dav is 2006). All orchard crops like peaches and pecans are not in the A O I but near the San Marcos and Blanco Rivers (Perez 2006 ). EFED reviewed the initial recomm e ndation and dire cted the contractor to further investig ate th e need for th e orchard s cenario. The Agency indi cated that if there is m i nim a l acreage in the recharge zo ne (e.g., nu rseries) that could contribut e to ex posures, then the scenario m a y be developed. Based on USGS (200 3) land use data, the contract or id entif ied on e (1) orchard located in the recharge zone (Figure 15). Conversa tions with personnel in th e City of Austin GIS departm e nt indicated the orchard is no longer active and has been rezoned for a Lowes hom e cente r (COA, personal com m unication ) Based on this inf o rm ation it was dee m ed that th is orchard will not contribute to potential exposur es in the BSS and t h erefore has not been developed. Table 14. NASS 1997/2002 census of agricu l tu re for orchard crops in Hays and Travis Counties, Texas (USDA 1997, 2002). Crop HAYS TRAVIS 1997 Total Acres 2002 Total Acres 1997 Total Acres 2002 Total Acres Land In Orchards 260 290 1394 1793 Apples X 10 X X Pears, All X 9 X 7 Apricots X 16 X X Peaches, All X 76 X 22 Plum s And Prunes X 6 X X Pecans X 143 X 1720 Grapes X 31 X 38 X = data not available, not applicable or withheld Page 147 of 6 02

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Figure 15. Location of woody planted areas in the B SS segm ent based on land use data. Local contacts ind i cated o r chards are not p r esent or no t activ e in th e BSS. See descrip tion f o r m o re inf o rm ation. Page 148 of 6 02

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6. Meadow NASS Data indicates that hay of varying types is grown extensivel y in Travis and Hays Counties (Table 15 ). According to Soil Da ta Mart, there are a num ber of so ils in the BSS that are su itab l e for growing im proved berm udagrass. In addition, ex tension agents indicated that som e hay crops are cu ltivate d in the BS S. Ther e is som e cultiv ation of sor ghum hay, and hay g r a zer, o r swee t sorghum in the BSS. The r e is also som e ber m uda grass planted but this is perm anent for grazing and not harvested (Perez 2006). Most of this type of crop is fo r livestock grazing (Davis 2006). Based on this inform ation, this scenario was developed. Table 15. NASS 1997/2002 census of agricu l tu re for hay crops in Hays and Travis Counties, Texas (USDA 1997, 2002). Crop HAYS TRAVIS 1997 Harvested Acres 2002 Harvested Acres 1997 Harvested Acres 2002 Harvested Acres Hay All Hay Including Alfalfa, Other Tam e Sm all Grain And W ild X 7657 X 20471 All Haylage, Grass Silag e And Greenchop 140 229 769 357 Forage Land Used For All Hay And All Haylage, Grass Silag e And Greenchop X 7855 X 20367 Other Haylage, Grass Silage, And Greenchop X 229 X 357 Other Tam e Hay 8287 5358 14020 16737 Sm all Grain Hay 600 X 943 2219 W ild Hay 840 1228 X 1411 Alfalfa Hay 65 X X 104 X = data not available, not applicable or withheld 7. Cotton NASS data indicates that cotton is grown in Tr avis County (Table 16). According to Soil Data Mart, the r e are m a ny soils in the AOI tha t ar e suitable f o r growin g cotton. H o wever, the extens ion ag ents from Travis a nd Hays Counties indicate d th at th is c r op is not grown in the AOI. All cotton is grown East of I-35 (Perez 2006 a nd Davis 2006). Based on the inform ation from local extens ion agents, th is use was d eem ed outside the area of interest and was not developed. Page 149 of 6 02

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Table 16. NASS 1997/2002 census of agricu l tu re for cotton in Hays and Travis Counties, Texas (USDA 1997, 2002). Crop HAYS TRAVIS 1997 Harvested Acres 2002 Harvested Acres 1997 Harvested Acres 2002 Harvested Acres Cotton, All X X 5661 2151 Upland Cotton X X X 2151 X = data not available, not applicable or withheld References City of Austin (COA). 2003. Unpublished Land Use Data. http://www.ci.austin.tx.us/landuse/. Accessed 15 February 2005. USDA. 1997. 1997 Census of Agriculture. U.S. Departm e nt of Agriculture, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Accessed March 2006. Online at: http://www.nass.usda.gov/index.asp USDA. 2002. 2002 Census of Agriculture. U.S. Departm e nt of Agriculture, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Accessed March 2006. Online at: http://www.nass.usda.gov/index.asp USGS, National Mapping Divisi on, Rocky Mountain Mapping Cent er. 2003. Edwards Aquifer Land Use / Land Cover. Denver, Colorado. Contacts Davis, Bryan Texas Cooperative Extension (Hays County) C ounty Extension Agent Agriculture and Natural Resources 512-393-2120 by-davis@ tamu.edu Garcia, Ed die NRCS Soil Conservatio n ist (T ravis County) 512-459-1623 x3 Eddie.Garcia@tx.usda.gov Perez Cresencio (Cris ) NRCS Distric t Conserv a tion i st (Hays County) 512-392-4050 x3 cresencio.perez@tx.usda.gov Page 150 of 6 02

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Appendix C. USGS Monitoring Data for Barton Springs Area. Sam p les were collected by USGS from the 4 sp rings, fro m surface waters in th e action area (creeks) and from ground water wells in and around the action area. Sam p les were later m easured for carbary l Tables C.1, C.2, and C.3 contain deta iled inf o rm ation of all sam p les collected and their m easured con centrations of carbaryl in th e springs, creeks and ground water wells. Figu res 10 and 11 in the risk asses s m e nt contain location s of surface water sites and ground water wells which correspond to the site nicknam e s cited in Tables C.2 and C.3 respec tive l y. Sa m p les were collected from the four spri ngs between 2000 and 200 5. During August and Septem ber of 2003, samples were collected ever y two weeks. From Mid June to Decem ber 2004, sam p l e s were collected every three weeks. Stormflow sa m p ling was also conducted in 2000, 2001, 2004 and 2005. Table C.1. USGS tar g ete d monito ring data for B a rton Springs pk_si teID Site Nickn a m e Sample Date (ye a r, month, date) Symb ol Car b ar yl Co nc. (pp b ) # of Samples 08 1 5 5 5 01 Eliza Spri n g 20 0 0 0 5 02 < 0. 00 3 2 08 1 5 5 5 01 Eliza Spri n g 20 0 1 0 5 04 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 5 01 Eliza Spri n g 20 0 1 0 5 07 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 5 01 Eliza Spri n g 20 0 1 0 5 08 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 5 01 Eliza Spri n g 20 0 1 0 5 08 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 5 01 Eliza Spri n g 20 0 1 0 5 10 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 5 01 Eliza Spri n g 20 0 1 0 5 13 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 5 01 Eliza Spri n g 20 0 3 0 8 06 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 5 01 Eliza Spri n g 20 0 3 0 8 20 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 5 01 Eliza Spri n g 20 0 3 0 9 03 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 5 01 Eliza Spri n g 20 0 3 0 9 16 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 5 01 Eliza Spri n g 20 0 3 0 9 30 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 5 01 Eliza Spri n g 20 0 4 0 8 25 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 5 01 Eliza Spri n g 20 0 4 1 2 14 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 5 01 Eliza Spri n g 20 0 5 0 3 09 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 5 00 M a in B a rto n S p ri ng 20 0 0 0 5 01 < 0. 00 3 2 08 1 5 5 5 00 M a in B a rto n S p ri ng 20 0 0 0 5 01 < 0. 00 3 2 0 815 550 0 Main Bar t on Sp r i n g 2 000 050 1 E 0. 00 6 52 2 0 815 550 0 Main Bar t on Sp r i n g 2 000 050 2 E 0. 00 8 99 2 0 815 550 0 Main Bar t on Sp r i n g 2 000 050 2 E 0. 01 0 6 2 0 815 550 0 Main Bar t on Sp r i n g 2 000 050 2 E 0. 01 2 4 2 0 815 550 0 Main Bar t on Sp r i n g 2 000 050 3 E 0. 01 2 6 2 0 815 550 0 Main Bar t on Sp r i n g 2 000 050 4 E 0. 00 6 64 2 0 815 550 0 Main Bar t on Sp r i n g 2 000 050 8 < 0. 00 3 2 0 815 550 0 Main Bar t on Sp r i n g 2 000 060 9 < 0. 00 3 2 08 1 5 5 5 00 M a in B a rto n S p ri ng 20 0 0 0 6 09 < 0. 00 3 2 0 815 550 0 Main Bar t on Sp r i n g 2 000 061 0 E 0. 03 7 4 2 08 1 5 5 5 00 M a in B a rto n S p ri ng 20 0 0 0 7 05 < 0. 00 3 2 08 1 5 5 5 00 M a in B a rto n S p ri ng 20 0 1 0 5 03 < 0. 04 1 2 Page 151 of 6 02

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Table C.1. USGS tar g ete d monito ring data for B a rton Springs pk_si teID Site Nickn a m e Sample Date (ye a r, month, date) Symb ol Car b ar yl Co nc. (pp b ) # of Samples 08 1 5 5 5 00 M a in B a rto n S p ri ng 20 0 1 0 5 08 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 5 00 M a in B a rto n S p ri ng 20 0 1 0 5 10 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 5 00 M a in B a rto n S p ri ng 20 0 1 0 5 10 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 5 00 M a in B a rto n S p ri ng 20 0 1 0 5 13 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 5 00 M a in B a rto n S p ri ng 20 0 1 0 5 18 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 5 00 M a in B a rto n S p ri ng 20 0 1 1 1 16 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 5 00 M a in B a rto n S p ri ng 20 0 2 1 1 06 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 5 00 M a in B a rto n S p ri ng 20 0 3 0 2 20 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 5 00 M a in B a rto n S p ri ng 20 0 3 0 8 06 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 5 00 M a in B a rto n S p ri ng 20 0 3 0 8 20 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 5 00 M a in B a rto n S p ri ng 20 0 3 0 9 03 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 5 00 M a in B a rto n S p ri ng 20 0 3 0 9 16 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 5 00 M a in B a rto n S p ri ng 20 0 3 0 9 30 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 5 00 M a in B a rto n S p ri ng 20 0 4 0 1 17 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 5 00 M a in B a rto n S p ri ng 20 0 4 0 6 09 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 5 00 M a in B a rto n S p ri ng 20 0 4 0 6 21 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 5 00 M a in B a rto n S p ri ng 20 0 4 0 7 07 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 5 00 M a in B a rto n S p ri ng 20 0 4 0 7 21 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 5 00 M a in B a rto n S p ri ng 20 0 4 0 8 04 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 5 00 M a in B a rto n S p ri ng 20 0 4 0 8 25 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 5 00 M a in B a rto n S p ri ng 20 0 4 0 9 15 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 5 00 M a in B a rto n S p ri ng 20 0 4 1 0 04 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 5 00 M a in B a rto n S p ri ng 20 0 4 1 0 23 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 5 00 M a in B a rto n S p ri ng 20 0 4 1 0 23 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 5 00 M a in B a rto n S p ri ng 20 0 4 1 0 24 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 5 00 M a in B a rto n S p ri ng 20 0 4 1 0 24 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 5 00 M a in B a rto n S p ri ng 20 0 4 1 0 24 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 5 00 M a in B a rto n S p ri ng 20 0 4 1 0 25 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 5 00 M a in B a rto n S p ri ng 20 0 4 1 0 26 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 5 00 M a in B a rto n S p ri ng 20 0 4 1 0 27 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 5 00 M a in B a rto n S p ri ng 20 0 4 1 0 28 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 5 00 M a in B a rto n S p ri ng 20 0 4 1 0 30 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 5 00 M a in B a rto n S p ri ng 20 0 4 1 1 05 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 5 00 M a in B a rto n S p ri ng 20 0 4 1 1 24 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 5 00 M a in B a rto n S p ri ng 20 0 4 1 2 14 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 5 00 M a in B a rto n S p ri ng 20 0 5 0 1 03 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 5 00 M a in B a rto n S p ri ng 20 0 5 0 1 26 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 5 00 M a in B a rto n S p ri ng 20 0 5 0 2 16 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 5 00 M a in B a rto n S p ri ng 20 0 5 0 3 09 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 5 00 M a in B a rto n S p ri ng 20 0 5 0 3 30 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 5 00 M a in B a rto n S p ri ng 20 0 5 0 4 20 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 5 00 M a in B a rto n S p ri ng 20 0 5 0 5 11 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 5 00 M a in B a rto n S p ri ng 20 0 5 0 5 30 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 5 00 M a in B a rto n S p ri ng 20 0 5 0 5 30 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 5 00 M a in B a rto n S p ri ng 20 0 5 0 5 30 < 0. 04 1 2 Page 152 of 6 02

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Table C.1. USGS tar g ete d monito ring data for B a rton Springs pk_si teID Site Nickn a m e Sample Date (ye a r, month, date) Symb ol Car b ar yl Co nc. (pp b ) # of Samples 08 1 5 5 5 00 M a in B a rto n S p ri ng 20 0 5 0 5 31 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 5 00 M a in B a rto n S p ri ng 20 0 5 0 6 01 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 5 00 M a in B a rto n S p ri ng 20 0 5 0 6 02 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 5 00 M a in B a rto n S p ri ng 20 0 5 0 6 04 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 5 00 M a in B a rto n S p ri ng 20 0 5 0 6 06 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 5 00 M a in B a rto n S p ri ng 20 0 5 0 6 09 < 0. 04 1 2 08155503 Old Mill Spring 20010503 < 0.041 2 08155503 Old Mill Spring 20010507 < 0.041 2 08155503 Old Mill Spring 20010508 < 0.041 2 08155503 Old Mill Spring 20010513 < 0.041 2 08155503 Old Mill Spring 20030806 < 0.041 2 08155503 Old Mill Spring 20030820 < 0.041 2 08155503 Old Mill Spring 20030903 < 0.041 2 08155503 Old Mill Spring 20030916 < 0.041 2 08155503 Old Mill Spring 20030930 < 0.041 2 08155503 Old Mill Spring 20040825 < 0.041 2 08155503 Old Mill Spring 20041214 < 0.041 2 08155503 Old Mill Spring 20050309 < 0.041 2 0 815 539 5 Upp e r Bar t o n Sp r i ng 2 001 050 8 E 0. 01 0 3 2 08 1 5 5 3 95 Up pe r B a rt on Spri n g 20 0 1 0 5 10 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 3 95 Up pe r B a rt on Spri n g 20 0 1 0 5 13 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 3 95 Up pe r B a rt on Spri n g 20 0 2 0 5 03 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 3 95 Up pe r B a rt on Spri n g 20 0 3 0 8 06 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 3 95 Up pe r B a rt on Spri n g 20 0 3 0 8 20 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 3 95 Up pe r B a rt on Spri n g 20 0 3 0 9 03 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 3 95 Up pe r B a rt on Spri n g 20 0 3 0 9 16 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 3 95 Up pe r B a rt on Spri n g 20 0 3 0 9 30 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 3 95 Up pe r B a rt on Spri n g 20 0 4 0 6 21 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 3 95 Up pe r B a rt on Spri n g 20 0 4 0 7 07 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 3 95 Up pe r B a rt on Spri n g 20 0 4 0 7 21 < 0. 05 2 08 1 5 5 3 95 Up pe r B a rt on Spri n g 20 0 4 0 8 04 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 3 95 Up pe r B a rt on Spri n g 20 0 4 0 8 25 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 3 95 Up pe r B a rt on Spri n g 20 0 4 0 9 15 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 3 95 Up pe r B a rt on Spri n g 20 0 4 1 0 04 < 0. 04 1 2 0 815 539 5 Upp e r Bar t o n Sp r i ng 2 004 102 3 E 0. 03 3 9 2 08 1 5 5 3 95 Up pe r B a rt on Spri n g 20 0 4 1 0 24 < 0. 04 1 2 0 815 539 5 Upp e r Bar t o n Sp r i ng 2 004 102 4 E 0. 02 4 9 2 08 1 5 5 3 95 Up pe r B a rt on Spri n g 20 0 4 1 0 25 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 3 95 Up pe r B a rt on Spri n g 20 0 4 1 0 26 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 3 95 Up pe r B a rt on Spri n g 20 0 4 1 0 27 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 3 95 Up pe r B a rt on Spri n g 20 0 4 1 0 28 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 3 95 Up pe r B a rt on Spri n g 20 0 4 1 0 30 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 3 95 Up pe r B a rt on Spri n g 20 0 4 1 1 05 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 3 95 Up pe r B a rt on Spri n g 20 0 4 1 1 24 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 3 95 Up pe r B a rt on Spri n g 20 0 4 1 2 14 < 0. 04 1 2 Page 153 of 6 02

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Table C.1. USGS tar g ete d monito ring data for B a rton Springs pk_si teID Site Nickn a m e Sample Date (ye a r, month, date) Symb ol Car b ar yl Co nc. (pp b ) # of Samples 08 1 5 5 3 95 Up pe r B a rt on Spri n g 20 0 5 0 1 03 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 3 95 Up pe r B a rt on Spri n g 20 0 5 0 1 26 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 3 95 Up pe r B a rt on Spri n g 20 0 5 0 2 16 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 3 95 Up pe r B a rt on Spri n g 20 0 5 0 3 09 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 3 95 Up pe r B a rt on Spri n g 20 0 5 0 3 30 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 3 95 Up pe r B a rt on Spri n g 20 0 5 0 4 20 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 3 95 Up pe r B a rt on Spri n g 20 0 5 0 5 11 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 3 95 Up pe r B a rt on Spri n g 20 0 5 0 5 30 < 0. 04 1 2 0 815 539 5 Upp e r Bar t o n Sp r i ng 2 005 053 0 E 0. 04 8 6 2 0 815 539 5 Upp e r Bar t o n Sp r i ng 2 005 053 0 E 0. 06 5 7 2 08 1 5 5 3 95 Up pe r B a rt on Spri n g 20 0 5 0 5 31 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 3 95 Up pe r B a rt on Spri n g 20 0 5 0 6 01 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 3 95 Up pe r B a rt on Spri n g 20 0 5 0 6 02 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 3 95 Up pe r B a rt on Spri n g 20 0 5 0 6 04 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 3 95 Up pe r B a rt on Spri n g 20 0 5 0 6 06 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 3 95 Up pe r B a rt on Spri n g 20 0 5 0 6 09 < 0. 04 1 2 E m eans estim ated; < m ean s less tha n t h e reporte d am ount (non-detecti o n) Ta ble C 2 U S GS mo nito ring da ta fo r cre eks i n and ne a r ac ti on are a pk_si teID Site Nickn a m e Sample Date ( y e a r, month, date) Symb ol Car b ar yl Co nc. (pp b ) # of Samples 08 1 5 5 2 00 B a rton 7 1 20 0 3 0 9 09 < 0. 04 1 2 0 815 520 0 Bar t o n 71 2 004 022 9 E 0. 09 1 7 2 0 815 520 0 B a rt on 7 1 ** 2 002 063 0 E 0. 23 2 0 815 520 0 B a rt on 7 1 ** 20 0 2 0 7 16 < 0. 04 1 2 0 815 520 0 B a rt on 7 1 ** 2 002 101 9 E 0. 01 5 8 2 0 815 520 0 B a rt on 7 1 ** 20 0 2 1 2 09 < 0. 04 1 2 0 815 520 0 B a rt on 7 1 ** 2 004 040 6 E 0. 19 2 2 0 815 520 0 B a rt on 7 1 ** 20 0 4 1 0 23 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 4 00 B a rton A b ove 20 0 0 0 5 02 E 0. 30 2 2 08 1 5 5 4 00 B a rton A b ove 20 0 1 0 5 03 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 4 00 B a rton A b ove 20 0 1 0 5 06 E 0. 06 1 8 2 08 1 5 5 4 00 B a rton A b ove 20 0 1 0 5 07 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 4 00 B a rton A b ove 20 0 1 0 5 07 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 4 00 B a rton A b ove 20 0 1 0 5 08 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 4 00 B a rton A b ove 20 0 1 0 5 10 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 5 4 00 B a rton A b ove 20 0 2 1 2 09 E 0. 00 4 3 2 0 815 540 0 Ba rto n A b ov e ** 2 002 063 0 E 0. 14 4 2 0 815 540 0 Ba rto n A b ov e ** 2 002 101 9 E 0. 00 8 3 2 0 815 540 0 Ba rto n A b ov e ** 20 0 4 0 1 17 < 0. 04 1 2 0 815 540 0 Ba rto n A b ov e ** 20 0 4 0 4 07 < 0. 04 1 2 0 815 540 0 Ba rto n A b ov e ** 2 004 102 3 E 0. 06 2 9 2 0 815 881 9 Bea r nr Bro d i e ** 20 0 4 1 0 23 < 0. 04 1 2 Page 154 of 6 02

PAGE 155

Ta ble C 2 U S GS mo nito ring da ta fo r cre eks i n and ne a r ac ti on are a pk_si teID Site Nickn a m e Sample Date ( y e a r, month, date) Symb ol Car b ar yl Co nc. (pp b ) # of Samples 08 1 5 8 7 00 Oni o n at D r ift w o o d 20 0 3 0 9 09 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 8 7 00 Oni o n at D r ift w o o d 20 0 4 0 7 21 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 8 7 00 Oni o n at D r ift w o o d 20 0 4 1 1 10 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 8 7 00 Oni o n at D r ift w o o d 20 0 5 0 3 11 < 0. 04 1 2 0 815 870 0 Onio n at D r iftwo o d ** 20 0 4 1 0 23 < 0. 04 1 2 08 1 5 8 8 27 Oni o n at T w in C k s 20 0 4 1 0 26 < 0. 04 1 2 0 815 882 7 Onio n at Twin Cks * 20 0 4 1 0 23 < 0. 04 1 2 0 815 882 7 Onio n at Twin Cks * 2 005 052 9 E 0. 09 2 9 2 0 815 886 0 Sl au ght er at 2 3 0 4 * 2 004 102 3 E 0. 10 8 2 0 815 886 0 Sl au ght er at 2 3 0 4 * 2 005 052 9 E 0. 22 8 2 0 815 886 0 Sl au ght er at 2 3 0 4 * 2 005 053 0 E 0. 30 1 2 08158920 W illiam s on at Oak Hill 20040721 < 0.041 2 08158920 W illiam s on at Oak Hill 20041110 < 0.041 2 08158920 W illiam s on at Oak Hill 20050311 < 0.041 2 08158930 W illiam s on M a nchaca 20000501 E 0. 47 2 2 08158930 W illiam s on M a nchaca 20031117 E 0. 04 1 8 2 08158930 W illiam s on M a nchaca 20040429 E 0. 08 8 2 2 0 815 893 0 Willia mso n Ma ncha ca * 2 002 031 9 E 0. 09 4 2 0 815 893 0 Willia mso n Ma ncha ca * 2 002 061 6 E 0. 04 8 3 2 0 815 893 0 Willia mso n Ma ncha ca * 2 002 100 8 E 0. 03 3 3 2 0 815 893 0 Willia mso n Ma ncha ca * 2 003 022 0 E 0. 14 6 2 0 815 893 0 Willia mso n Ma ncha ca * 2 004 102 3 E 0. 06 2 8 2 0 815 893 0 Willia mso n Ma ncha ca * 2 005 052 9 E 0. 08 5 2 E m eans estim ated; < m ean s less tha n t h e reporte d am ount (non-detecti o n) * Flow weighted stor m co mp o s ite sam p les Table C. 3. US GS m o nitorin g d a ta for ground w a ter wel l s in an d ne ar acti on are a pk_si teID Site Nickn a m e Sample Date ( y e a r, month, date) Car b ar yl Co nc. of Sample 1 (ppb )* Car b ar yl Co nc. of Sample 2 (ppb )* 3 006 460 975 332 02 LR5 8 57 -31 1 ( B DW) 2 001 060 5 < .0 284 < .0 41 3 006 460 975 332 02 LR5 8 57 -31 1 ( B DW) 2 002 060 5 < .0 284 < .0 41 3 006 460 975 332 02 LR5 8 57 -31 1 ( B DW) 2 003 052 0 < .0 284 < .0 41 3 006 460 975 332 02 LR5 8 57 -31 1 ( B DW) 2 004 071 3 < .0 284 < .0 41 3 006 460 975 332 02 LR5 8 57 -31 1 ( B DW) 2 005 052 4 < .0 18 < .0 41 3 004 530 975 033 01 LR5 8 58 -40 3 ( B PS) 2 001 061 2 < .0 284 < .0 41 3 004 530 975 033 01 LR5 8 58 -40 3 ( B PS) 2 002 060 6 < .0 284 < .0 41 3 004 530 975 033 01 LR5 8 58 -40 3 ( B PS) 2 003 052 2 < .0 284 < .0 41 3 004 530 975 033 01 LR5 8 58 -40 3 ( B PS) 2 004 071 6 < .0 284 < .0 41 3 004 530 975 033 01 LR5 8 58 -40 3 ( B PS) 2 005 052 4 < .0 18 < .0 41 3 025 540 974 947 01 YD5834 -41 4 2 001 062 1 < .0 284 E 0 08 3 025 540 974 947 01 YD5834 -41 4 2 002 052 0 < .0 284 < .0 41 3 025 540 974 947 01 YD5834 -41 4 2 003 051 3 < .0 284 < .0 41 Page 155 of 6 02

PAGE 156

Table C. 3. US GS m o nitorin g d a ta for ground w a ter wel l s in an d ne ar acti on are a pk_si teID Site Nickn a m e Sample Date ( y e a r, month, date) Car b ar yl Co nc. of Sample 1 (ppb )* Car b ar yl Co nc. of Sample 2 (ppb )* 3 025 540 974 947 01 YD5834 -41 4 2 004 070 6 < .0 284 < .0 41 3 025 540 974 947 01 YD5834 -41 4 2 005 052 7 < .0 18 < .0 41 3 025 510 974 655 01 YD5834 -61 7 2 001 062 1 < .0 284 < .0 41 3 025 510 974 655 01 YD5834 -61 7 2 002 051 6 < .0 284 < .0 41 3 025 510 974 655 01 YD5834 -61 7 2 003 051 5 < .0 284 < .0 41 3 025 510 974 655 01 YD5834 -61 7 2 004 070 6 < .0 284 < .0 41 3 025 510 974 655 01 YD5834 -61 7 2 005 061 6 < .0 41 3 023 160 974 304 01 YD5835 -70 1 2 001 060 4 < .0 284 < .0 41 3 022 180 974 549 01 YD5842 -31 1 2 002 052 2 < .0 284 < .0 41 3 022 180 974 549 01 YD5842 -31 1 2 003 051 6 < .0 284 < .0 41 3 022 180 974 549 01 YD5842 -31 1 2 004 070 7 < .0 284 < .0 41 3 022 180 974 549 01 YD5842 -31 1 2 005 061 3 < .0 41 3 015 260 974 632 01 YD5842 -91 5 ( R AB ) 2 001 060 7 < .0 284 < .0 41 3 015 260 974 632 01 YD5842 -91 5 ( R AB ) 2 002 060 3 < .0 284 < .0 41 3 015 260 974 632 01 YD5842 -91 5 ( R AB ) 2 003 053 0 < .0 284 < .0 41 3 015 260 974 632 01 YD5842 -91 5 ( R AB ) 2 004 070 7 < .0 284 < .0 41 3 015 260 974 632 01 YD5842 -91 5 ( R AB ) 2 005 052 3 < .0 18 < .0 41 3 021 460 974 451 01 YD5843 -10 3 2 001 061 9 < .0 284 < .0 41 3 014 230 974 959 01 YD5850 -21 1 ( S VW) 2 001 060 6 < .0 284 < .0 41 3 014 230 974 959 01 YD5850 -21 1 ( S VW) 2 002 060 3 < .0 284 < .0 41 3 014 230 974 959 01 YD5850 -21 1 ( S VW) 2 003 051 9 < .0 284 < .0 41 3 014 230 974 959 01 YD5850 -21 1 ( S VW) 2 004 070 8 < .0 284 < .0 41 3 014 230 974 959 01 YD5850 -21 1 ( S VW) 2 005 052 3 < .0 18 < .0 82 3 013 390 974 837 01 YD5850 -21 5 ( S VS) 2 001 061 8 < .0 284 < .0 41 3 013 390 974 837 01 YD5850 -21 5 ( S VS) 2 002 060 6 < .0 284 < .0 41 3 013 390 974 837 01 YD5850 -21 5 ( S VS) 2 003 051 9 < .0 284 < .0 41 3 013 390 974 837 01 YD5850 -21 5 ( S VS) 2 004 071 6 < .0 284 < .0 41 3 013 390 974 837 01 YD5850 -21 5 ( S VS) 2 005 052 5 < .0 18 < .0 41 3 013 560 974 733 01 YD5850 -21 6 ( S VE) 2 001 061 4 < .0 284 < .0 41 3 013 560 974 733 01 YD5850 -21 6 ( S VE) 2 002 080 7 < .0 284 < .0 41 3 013 560 974 733 01 YD5850 -21 6 ( S VE) 2 003 052 8 < .0 284 < .0 41 3 013 560 974 733 01 YD5850 -21 6 ( S VE) 2 004 071 5 < .0 284 < .0 41 3 013 560 974 733 01 YD5850 -21 6 ( S VE) 2 005 061 5 < .0 18 < .0 41 3 014 320 974 800 01 YD5850 -21 7 ( S VN) 2 001 061 5 < .0 284 < .0 41 3 014 320 974 800 01 YD5850 -21 7 ( S VN) 2 002 080 7 < .0 284 < .0 41 3 014 320 974 800 01 YD5850 -21 7 ( S VN) 2 003 052 8 < .0 284 < .0 41 3 014 320 974 800 01 YD5850 -21 7 ( S VN) 2 004 071 5 < .0 284 < .0 41 3 014 320 974 800 01 YD5850 -21 7 ( S VN) 2 005 061 4 < .0 18 < .0 41 3 010 310 975 158 01 YD5850 -40 8 ( F OW) 2 001 061 9 < .0 284 < .0 41 3 010 310 975 158 01 YD5850 -40 8 ( F OW) 2 002 060 5 < .0 284 < .0 41 3 010 310 975 158 01 YD5850 -40 8 ( F OW) 2 003 052 1 < .0 284 < .0 41 3 010 310 975 158 01 YD5850 -40 8 ( F OW) 2 004 070 9 < .0 284 < .0 41 3 010 310 975 158 01 YD5850 -40 8 ( F OW) 2 005 052 6 < .0 41 3 011 420 975 047 01 YD5850 -41 7 ( F ON) 2 001 062 2 < .0 284 < .0 41 Page 156 of 6 02

PAGE 157

Table C. 3. US GS m o nitorin g d a ta for ground w a ter wel l s in an d ne ar acti on are a pk_si teID Site Nickn a m e Sample Date ( y e a r, month, date) Car b ar yl Co nc. of Sample 1 (ppb )* Car b ar yl Co nc. of Sample 2 (ppb )* 3 011 420 975 047 01 YD5850 -41 7 ( F ON) 2 002 060 4 < .0 284 < .0 41 3 011 420 975 047 01 YD5850 -41 7 ( F ON) 2 003 072 8 < .0 284 < .0 41 3 011 420 975 047 01 YD5850 -41 7 ( F ON) 2 004 070 8 < .0 284 < .0 41 3 011 420 975 047 01 YD5850 -41 7 ( F ON) 2 005 052 6 < .0 41 3 012 260 974 807 01 YD5850 -52 0 ( P LS) 2 001 060 8 < .0 284 < .0 41 3 012 260 974 807 01 YD5850 -52 0 ( P LS) 2 002 052 3 < .0 284 < .0 41 3 012 260 974 807 01 YD5850 -52 0 ( P LS) 2 003 052 1 < .0 284 < .0 41 3 012 260 974 807 01 YD5850 -52 0 ( P LS) 2 004 072 1 < .0 284 < .0 41 3 012 260 974 807 01 YD5850 -52 0 ( P LS) 2 005 052 7 < .0 18 < .0 41 3 008 130 975 121 01 YD5850 -70 4 ( M CH) 2 001 062 0 < .0 284 < .0 41 3 008 130 975 121 01 YD5850 -70 4 ( M CH) 2 002 060 4 < .0 284 < .0 41 3 008 130 975 121 01 YD5850 -70 4 ( M CH) 2 003 052 0 < .0 284 < .0 41 3 008 130 975 121 01 YD5850 -70 4 ( M CH) 2 004 071 2 < .0 284 < .0 41 3 008 130 975 121 01 YD5850 -70 4 ( M CH) 2 005 052 5 < .0 41 E m eans estim ated; < m ean s less tha n t h e reporte d am ount (non-detecti o n) Page 157 of 6 02

PAGE 158

Appendix D. Status and Life History of the B a rton Springs Salaman d er. D.1 Species Listing Status The Barton Springs salam a nder was federally li sted as an endangered species on May 30, 1997 (62 FR 23377-23392) by the U.S. Fish and W ildlife Service (USFW S or the Service) based on the f o llowin g threa t s: (1) degradation of the water quali ty in B a rton Springs as a result of urban expansion, (2) decreased q u antity of water that feed s Barton Springs as a result of urba n expansion, (3) modification of the salam a nders structural habitat, (4) inadequacy of existing regulato r y mechanis m s to protect the salam a nder and lack of a com p rehensive plan to protect the Bart on Springs watershed from i n creasing threats to water qu a lity and qua ntity, and (5) the s a lam a nders extrem e vulnerability to env i ronm ental d e gradation b ecause of its r e stric t ed range in an entirely aqu a tic environ m ent USFWS is the branch of the Departm e nt of Interior responsible for listing endangered am phibians, such as the Barton Springs salam a nder. The extent to which any these threats is considered to predom inate is unknown and presum ably their cum u lative effect m a y be of prim ary concern. D.2 Description and Taxonomy The Barton Springs salam a nder (Figure D.1) is a m e m b er of the Fam ily Plethodontidae (lungless salam a nders). Texas species within the genus Eurycea inhabit springs, spring-runs, and waterbearing karst for m ations of th e Edwards Aquifer (Chippindale, 1993). These salam a nders are aquatic and neotenic, meaning they retain a larval, gill-br eathing m o rphology throughout their lives. Neotenic salam a nders, including the Barton Springs salam a nder, do not m e tam o rphose into a terr es trial f o rm Rather, they liv e th eir entire life cy cle in water, where they becom e sexually m a ture and eventually reproduce. Page 158 of 6 02

PAGE 159

Figure D.1. Barton Springs Salam a nder (courtes y of Lisa ODonnell; City of Au stin Water s hed Protection and Developmen t Review Dep a rtm e nt) The Barton Springs salam a nder was first collect ed from Barton Springs in 1946 (Brown, 1950; Texas Natural History C o llection specim ens 6317-6321) Adults grow to approxim a tely 2.5 to 3 inches (63-76 mm ) in total length. Adult body morphology includes reduced eyes and elongate, spindly lim bs indicative of a sem i -subterranean lifestyle. The h ead is relatively broad and deep in lateral view, and the snout appears som e what truncate when viewed from above. Three bright red, feathery gills are present on either side of the base of the head. The co loration on the salam a nders upper body varies from light to dark brown, purple, reddish brown, yellowish cream or orange. The characteristic m o ttle d s a lt-and-pepp er colo r pattern on the upper body surface is d u e to brown or black melanophores ( cells containing pigm ents called melanin ) and silvery-white iridiophores (cells containing pigm ents containing guanine). The arrangem e nt of these pigm ent cells is highly variable and can be widely dispersed in som e Barton Springs salam a nders, causing them to have an overall pale appearance. In other individuals, the m e lanophores m a y be dense, resulting in a dark br own appearance. The ventral side (underside) of the body is cream -colored and translucent, allo wing som e internal organs and developing eggs in f e m a les to be visible. The tail is rela tive l y short with a well-developed dorsal (upper) fin and poorly developed ventral (lower) fin. The upper and lower m i d-lines of the tail usually exhibit som e degree of orange-yellow pigm e n tation. J uveniles closely resem b le adults (Chippindale et al. 1993). Newly hatched larvae are about 0.5 inches (12 m m ) in total length and may lack fully developed limbs or pigment (Cha m b erlain and O Donnell, 2003). D.3 Population Status and D i stribution The Barton Spring salam a nder has been found only at the four spring outlets that make up Barton Springs complex (Figure D.2). This species is con s idered to h a ve one of the sm allest geographical ranges of any vertebrate species in North Am erica (Chippindale et al. 1993; Conant and Collins, 199 8). The salam a nder was first observed in Barton Sp rings Pool and Eliza Springs in the 1940s, Sunken Garden Springs in 1993 (C hippindale et al 1993 ), and the interm ittent U pper Barton Springs in 1997 (City of Austin, 1998). Page 159 of 6 02

PAGE 160

The extent of the Barton Spring salam a nders ra nge within the Barton Springs Segm ent of the Edwards Aquifer, and the degree o f subsurface connection a m ong these spring populations is unknown. However, observations of salam a nders actively swimming into high flow areas from the spring openings, including Main Springs in Barton Springs Pool (USFW S 2005), and the discovery of a m o re cave-adapted species (Au s tin b lind s a lam a nder, Eurycea wa terloo ensis ), suggest that the Barton S p rings sa lamander is not entirely subterranean (trigl obotic). T h e Barton Springs salam a nder appears to reproduce prim arily in s ubterranean areas ( i. e., within the aquifer). A lthough salam a nder larvae are p r esent in surface water year-round, very few eggs have been o b served on the surface (Cha m b erlain and ODonnell, 2003 ). D.3.1 Survey Results The City of Austin initiated sa lam a nder surveys in (1) Barton Sp rings Pool in 1993, (2) Old Mill Springs and Eliza Springs in 1995, and (3) Uppe r Barton Springs in 1997 (City of Austin, 1998, City of Austin, 1993-20 03, unpublished data). Du e to the inaccessib i lity of the aquifer and spring orifices, survey counts reflect the num ber of individuals observed in the spring pools and spring runs rather than total population census estim a tes (C ity of Austin, 2005a). Survey m e thods have varied to som e degree, m a inly in Barton S p rings Pool, where the survey area gradually shifted from transects to the immediate area around the spring outlets where salam a nders are m o st abundant (USFW S 2005) The resu lts of the adu lt and juven ile salam a nder su rvey data are d e picted in Figures D.3 and D.4, respectively. From 1997 to 2005 (years in which th ere are survey data for all four sp rings), the m ean number of adult salam a nders observed pe r year at all four springs com b i n ed ranged between 5 and 80. Further exam ination of the data shows a m a rked increas e in th e num ber of observed adults and juveniles in Eliza Spring, relative to the other springs, from m i d-2003 to 2005. From 1997 until 2 003, the larg est m ean number of adult and juven i le salam a nders (15 an d 14, respec tively) were o b served in Barton Spri ngs Pool, followed by Old Mill Spring (13 and 8, respectively). However, in 2004 and 2005, the la rgest average num ber of adult and juvenile salam a nders were observed in Eliza Springs (252 and 91, respectively), followed by Barton Springs Pool (35 and 21, respectively). Page 160 of 6 02

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B a r t on Spr i ngs Sa l a m a nde r S u r v e y D a t a : A dul t s 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 1 9 9 3 1 9 9 4 1 9 9 5 1 9 9 6 1 9 9 7 1 9 9 8 1 9 9 9 2 0 0 0 2 0 0 1 2 0 0 2 2 0 0 3 2 0 0 4 2 0 0 5 Ye a r Mean N u m b er o f A d u l t s B a r t on S p r i ngs P ool E l i z a S p r i ngs O l d M ill S p r i n g s U pper B a r t on S p r i ngs Figure D.3. Barton Springs Salamander Survey Data: Adults B a rto n S p ri n g s S a l a ma n d e r S u rv e y D a t a : J u v e n ile s 0 20 40 60 80 10 0 12 0 1 9 9 3 1 9 9 4 1 9 9 5 1 9 9 6 1 9 9 7 1 9 9 8 1 9 9 9 2 0 0 0 2 0 0 1 2 0 0 2 2 0 0 3 2 0 0 4 2 0 0 5 Ye a r M e an N u mb er o f Ju ven i l es B a r t on S p r i ngs P ool E l i z a S p r i ngs O l d M ill S p r i n g s U pper B a r t on S p r i ngs Figure D.4. Barton Springs Salamander Survey Data: Juveniles Increased num b ers of observed adult and juvenile salam a nders in E liza Springs from 2003 to 2005 are believed to be due to habi tat restoration efforts, initiated in Eliza Springs by the City of Austin biologists in the fall of 2002 (City of Austin, 2003). Following habitat restoration, observed numbers of salam a nders began to increase in July 2003. The ha bitat restoration efforts at Eliza Springs included rem oval of debris from the drainage infrastructure to in creas e flow across the bottom of the spring po ol and allow for more natura l flushing and draining of the spring ecosystem Re moval of fi ne sedim e nt e xposed a layer of gravel and cobble that had previously been obscured, m a king it availab l e as habitat for the salam a nders. Several species of native aquatic plants, including water prim rose ( Ludwegia sp.), rush ( Eleocharis sp.), and water hyssop ( Bacopa sp.) were also succe ssf ully trans p lanted f r o m Barton Creek into Eliz a Springs to serve as cov e r and promote in verteb rate prey sp eci es. In addition, m o s quitofish an d crayfish, Page 161 of 6 02

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predato r s to the salam a nder, were removed from E liza Sprin g s. The net im pact of the resto r ation ef f o rts at Eliza Springs was the f o llowing: (1) to incre a se later a l wate r f l ow across the sprin g pool, thus reducing the am ount of s e dim e nt and increasing the am ount of loose rock substrate (habitat) av ailab l e for the salam a nder and its fo rage base; and (2) to decrease the num ber of predators and other species that compete for availa ble food. As a result of these efforts, m ean num b ers of adults and juve niles collected from Eliza Sp rings during 2004 increased by approxim a tely 13-fold and 5-fold, respectively, as com p ared to total n u m b ers collected du ring 2003. W ith the exception of an in crease in the num b er of juvenile salam a nders in Eliza Spring over the past two years, there does not appear to be any clear pattern in the num ber of young salam a nders recorded by year or m onth over the past decade of survey results. The m a jority of salam a nders in Barton Springs P ool are fou nd prim arily in the imm e diate area of the spring outlets (USFWS, 2005). They have also been found to a lesser extent in the beach area, which includes an underwater concrete bench imm e diately adjacen t to a pedestrian sidewalk on the north side of Barton Springs Pool Salam a nders are rarely seen in th e deep end of the pool, which is often covere d by sedim e nt, or in the shallow end, which is almost entirely lim estone and/or concrete, and th us not considered su ita ble habitat. Base d on observations of salam a nders in water depths ranging from <1 inch to >15 feet, it appears that water depth is not a determ ining factor in habitat selection. A lthough Barton Springs salam a nders do not appear to have an obvious depth preference, constant water flow, stable te m p eratures, and rock substrates free of sedim e nt are needed for suitable hab i tat. The survey area in B a rton Spring s Pool has gradually sh ifted from t r ansects th at included th e beach and the deep end, to the interm ediate area around the spring outlets where salam a nders appear to be m o st abundant. Based on the com p rehensive surveys conducted by the City of Austin and the Service, the num ber of estim ated salam a nders inhabiting th e surf ace ha bita t in Barton Sp rings Pool m a y be negatively biased, with actual expected num bers of individuals that are three to fiv e tim es greater than the num b er of individuals counted during the regular m onthly su rveys (City of Austin, 1998). The Barton Springs S a lam a nder Recovery P l an (USFWS, 2005) notes that num b ers of salam a nders at Old Mill Springs a ppear to be related to f l ow pattern s and th e p r esence of predato r y fish. For example, a decrease in s a lam a nder numbers observed during the winter of 2002-2003 m a y have been due to the presence of Mexican tetras ( Asyanax mexicanus ), a non native predatory fish (C ity of Austin, 2003). Review of the survey data al so indicates a drop in num b ers in Old Mill Springs in 2000, which is believed to be due to re duced wate r f l ow within the spring. According the City of Austin (2003), flow was extrem ely low in 2000; in fact, m u ch of Old Mill Springs was dry in th e sp ring/summ er of 2000. In 1997, biologists from the City of Austin a nd the USFWS discovered 14 adult salam a nders at Upper Barto n Springs, w h ich f l ows interm ittently. The num ber of salam a nders f oun d at th is s ite in subsequent surveys has ranged from 0 to 14 (City of Austin, unpublishe d data). Given that salam a nders are abs e nt when this spring is dry, survey data i ndicate that salam a nder num b ers are directly affected by surface flow. However, som e m onthly surveys at Upper Barton Spring s have not found salam a nders, even during periods when the spring was flowing (USFWS, 2005). Page 162 of 6 02

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D.4 Habitat All ava ilab l e inf o rm ation indic a te s that the Ba rton Sp rin g s salam a nder is restricted to th e imm e diate vicinity of the four spring outlets of Barton Springs Because the Barton Springs segm ent of the Edwards Aquifer an d its contributing zone supply a ll of the wate r in the sp rings that m a ke up the Barton Springs complex, the sa lam a nder m a y be affe cted by changes in water quality and quantity occurring in the Barton Springs watershed 2 Surface h a bitat for th e Barton Sp rings salamande r refers to the sprin g pools and spring runs where the salam a nder is observed, as opposed to its potential subsurface aquifer habitat. The Barton Springs salam a nder experiences relatively stable aquatic environm ental conditions. These conditions consist of perennially flowing sp ring water that is generally clear, has a neutral pH (~7), and cool average annual temperatures of 21 to 22 C (~70-72 F) (USFW S 2005). As is typical of ground water dom inated system s, th e springs exhibit a narrow tem p erature range (steno therm a l). Flows of clean sp ring water with a rela tively constant, cool tem p erature are essential to m a intaining well-oxygen a ted water n ece ssary for salam a nder respiration and survival (USFW S 2005). Dissolved oxygen (DO) con centrations in B a rton Springs average approxim a tely 6 m g /L (USFW S 2005) and are directly related to springflow. Higher DO concentrations occur during periods of high spring discharg e (USFW S 2005). The subterranean com p onent of the Barton Spri ngs salam a nders habitat m a y provide a location for reproduction, serve as refugium during high fl ow events or high sedim e nt loads fro m surface sources in the surface h a bitat, and / o r prov id e a m i gration p a thway between the su rface hab itat areas (USFWS, 2005). Based on the survey results, Barton Springs salam a nde rs appear to prefer clean, loo s e substrate for cover. They are found prim arily under boulder cobble, and gravel s ubstrates, but m a y also be found in the vicinity of aqua tic plants, leaf litter, and woody debris (USFWS, 2005). In the m a in pool, City of Aust in surv eys indicate that salam a nders ar e found prim arily near the spring outlets. To a lesser extent, Barton Springs salam a nders ar e also found in aquatic m o ss ( Amblystegium riparium ) that grows on bare rocks and on the walls surrounding Barton Springs Pool, Eliza Springs, and Old Mill Sp rings (City o f Austin, 2003). Historical records indicate a diversity of m acrophytes once resided in Barton Springs Pool, including arrowhead ( Sagittar i a p l atyphy lla ), water p r im rose ( Ludw igia spp.), wild ce ler y ( Vallisneria americana ), cabom ba ( Cabomba c a roliniana ), water s t arg r ass ( Hetera nthera sp. ), southern naiad ( Najas guadalupensis ), and pondweed ( Potamogeton sp.) (Alan Plumm e r Associates Inc., 2000 in USFWS, 2005). In 1992, the dom inant a quatic plant in the pool was the moss ( A. riparium ), an aquatic bryophyte ubiquitous in Ce ntral Texas springs. In addition to providing cover, m o ss and other a quatic plants harbor a variety and abundance of the aquatic inver t ebra te s that s a lam a nders e a t. 2 The B arto n S p ri ngs wate rsh e d incl ud es th e co ntrib u tin g zone an d rec h a r ge zo ne of the B a rto n S p rin g s segm ent of Ed wa rds A q uifer Page 163 of 6 02

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During the 1980s and 1990s, the majority of aqua tic m acrophytes disappeared from the Barton Springs Pool (USFWS, 2005) leaving prim arily unvegetated lim est one substrate and sedim e nt as habita t. The disappearance of the aquatic m acrophytes in the deep end of the pool appears to have resulted from the com b ined effects of fl ooding, dredging, and the m echanical dragging of the deep end with chains for sedim e nt re m o val (USFWS, 2005). However, it is unclear how these activities and the related disappearance of a quatic m acrophytes in Barton Springs Pool m a y have affected the salam a nder num bers becaus e they pre-dated the surv ey efforts, which were initiated in 1993. In addition to resto r ation efforts for Eliza Sp ring s (previously discussed in Section D.3.1), efforts to reintrodu ce endem i c plant sp ecies in Barton Spri ngs Poo l were initia ted by th e City of Austin in 1993. At that tim e, aquati c vegetation in Barton Springs P ool w a s lim ited to two sm all patches of Potam ogeto n one patch of Sagittaria in the far deep end of the pool, and areas of Amblystegium near the discharge points. Sa gittar i a Lu dw igia and Cabomba have been introdu ced into Barton S p rings Pool in June 1993 and again in the fall of 1994. It is not possible to gauge the ef f ect of th ese ac tiv itie s on sa lam a nder num bers because ther e we re no hi s t or i c a l survey data. Aquatic m acrophytes currently found in Barton Springs Pool are lim ited to Sagittar i a Amblystegium is also co mmon on lim estone surfaces in the general v i cinity of th e m a in springs and various side springs. Salam a nders are m o st frequently found around the m a in spring outflows, hidden within a 2-8 cm (0.8 3.1 inches) deep zone of gravel and s m all rocks overlying a coarse sandy or bare lim estone substra t e (U SFW S 2005). These areas a r e visibl y clear of f i ne silt or decom p osed organic debris and appear to be kept cl ean by flowing spring water during m e dium to high aquifer levels. Abundant prey species for the sala m a nder also inhabit these areas. Piles of woody debris in the vicinity of the m a in springs provide habitat for the sa lam a nder, as we ll as its prey base, after floods, when norm a l habitat m a y be covered with sedim e nt. Su itable habitat can increase or decrease depending on a num ber of factors including springflows, abundance of aquatic m acrophytes, sedim e ntation rates, and frequency of floods. In addition, pool cleanings m a y af fect the salamander and its habi tat. During the cleanings, full drawdowns of the pool (rem oval of 4-5 feet of water) are lim ited to four tim es/year, when spring discharg e ex ceeds 53 cfs (cub ic feet/second) and Barton Creek floods. Fo r the past two years, the water level has been partia lly lo wered (by 1 8 -24) on ce per m onth when the flow exceeds 53 cfs. During this tim e biologists clean sedim e nt and debris f r om sala m a nder habitat with garden hoses. Salam a nder habitat in Barton Springs Pool that is exposed during full drawdowns includes the area of fissures on the bedrock above the m a in sp ring outlets. The main spring outlets, which are located 10-16 feet below the top of the bedrock fissures, are not exposed during draw downs as spring water continues to flow. When discharge from Barton Springs Pool is lower than 54 cf s, the water lev e l in E liza Sp rings has the potential to drop below the surface substr ate du ring a full drawdown. This is partially due to the p r esence of a concrete slab at th e bo ttom of Eliza Springs, b e neath the g r avel and cobble. Flowing spring water into Eliza Springs m u st have adequate pressure to discharge through holes in the concrete bot tom. W h en discharge is low a nd Barton Springs Pool is drawn down, the w a ter lev e l in Eliza Sprin g s drops to below the s u rface subs trate and salam a nders ar e Page 164 of 6 02

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stranded at the surface. The habitat beneath this concrete s l ab is dark and sedim e nt laden, an d thus considered as poor habitat. In general, the water level in Old Mill Springs does not drop below the s u rface subs trate when the Pool is d r awn down, unless there is v e ry lo w dischar g e fro m t h e aqui fer. D.5 Life History and Ecology Inform ation on the life history and ecology of th e Barton Springs salam a nder, including diet, respiration, reproduction, longevi ty, diseases, and predators is provided in Sections D.5.1 through D.5.6. D.5.1 Diet Barton Springs salam a nders appear to be oppor tunistic predators of s m all, live aquatic invertebrates (USFW S 2005). Chippindale et al. (1993) found amphi pod rem a ins in the stom achs of wild-caught salam a nde rs. The gast ro-intestin a l tracts of 18 adult and juvenile Barton Springs salam a nders and fecal pellets f r om 11 adult sa lam a nders co lle cte d f r om Eliz a Springs, Barton Springs Pool, and Sunken Gard en Springs contained ostracods, copepods chironom ids, snails, am phipods, mayfly larvae, l eeches, and adult rif f le beetles. The m o st prevalent organism s found in these sam p le s were ostracods, am phipods, and chironom ids (USFW S 2005). The types of invertebrate s found in the pools at Barton S p rings are docum ented in the City of Austins Habitat Conservation Plan (1998). D.5.2 Respiration Prim ary respiration in n e otenic salam a nders is through the gills ; however, a substantial am ount of gas exchange occurs through th e s k in (Boutilier et al. 1992 ; H illm an and W ithers 1 979). They require m o ving water across their gills and bodie s for respiration. Me tabolic rates and oxygen consum ption are highest in juveniles and decrea se with increasing body si ze (Norris et al., 1963). Oxygenation of sala m a nder eggs is critical to embryonic developm ent since gas exchange and waste elim ination occur through sem i per m eable m e mbranes surrounding the em bryo (Duellm an and Trueb 1986). D.5.3 Reproduction Little is known about the repr oductive biology of the Barton Springs salam a nder in the wild. The ability to view Barton Springs s a lam a nders in their natural environment is lim ited because of the anim als propensity to inhabit interstitial spaces under rocks and subterranean environm ents Therefore, infor m ation regarding the reproducti ve biology of the Barton Springs salam a nder is based primarily on captive breeding populations m a intained by the City of Austin, and extrapo l atio ns from closely related s p ecies Although som e aspects of the reproductive biology m a y be aff ected by the a r tif ic ial env i ronm ent in which they a r e m a intaine d inf o rm ation collec t ed on the captive breeding population repres ents the best available inform at ion. W h en field data are available, the differences and sim ilarities b e tween the wild and captiv e p opulations are com p ared. Page 165 of 6 02

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Barton Springs salam a nders are not sexually dimor phic; however, gravid fe m a les can som e tim es be distinguished by the presence of eggs which are visible through the tr anslucent skin of the underside. Recent studies with captive indiv i du al s indicate that salam a nder eggs are 1.5 to 2.0 mm (0.06 to 0.08 inches) in diam e t er when they are laid. Y oung larvae develop and hatch in approxim a tely 16 to 39 days (U SFW S 2005). Captiv e ra ised f e m a le salam a nders h a ve developed eggs within 11 to 17 months after hatchi ng. One m a le also displayed courtship behavior (tail undulation) at one year from hatching (Chamber lain and ODonnell, 2003). At sexual m a turity, sa lam a nders are g e nera lly at least 50 m m in total le ngth (Cham b erla in and ODonnell, 2003). No clear pattern of reproductive ac tivity has been recorded in the field or in the laboratory. It appears that salam a nders can reproduce year-round, based on observations of gravid fem a les, eggs, and la rvae throughout the year in Barton Springs (USFW S 2005). No relationship between breeding activ ity and environm ental factors ha s been estab lished to date. The captive breeding program has observed clutch sizes ranging from 5 to 39 eggs, with an average of 22 eggs based on 32 clutches; indi vidual captive fe m a les have produced up to 6 clutches per year (Chamberlain and ODonnell, 2003). Of t h e 34 e gg-laying events at the Dallas Aquarium c l utch size ranged from 10 to 55 (L ynn Ables, Dallas Aquarium, pers. comm., 2000). Fe m a les m a y lay all or only a few of their eggs, and in som e cases, fem a les m a y reabsorb their unlaid eggs within a few weeks after egg-laying (Cham b erlain a nd ODonnell, 2003). Currently, specific cu es and/or en vironm ental factors ass o ci ated with clutch s i ze and tim ing of courtship and reproduction have not b een identified (USFWS, 2005). Data regarding developm ent and ha tching of eggs are based alm o st exclusively on o b servation s of the captive populations. In spite of relatively intensive survey efforts, only four eggs have been located in the wild. In f our separate inst ances, a single egg was found near a spring orifice (USFW S 2005). These observations com b ined with th e visibility of the eggs to predators due to their lack of pigm ent (eggs are white) suggest the eggs are laid in the subterranean portion of the salam a nders habitat. Eggs are laid singly a nd receive no parental care (USFWS, 2005). Hatching of eggs in captivity ha s occurred within 16 to 39 days after eggs have been laid (Cham b erlain and ODo nnell, 2003). Hatch i ng success of a clu t ch is v a riab le (10 100 ), with m eans ranging from 26 t o 57 percent (Cham b erlain and ODonnell, 2003). Based on infor m ation summarized in USFW S (2005), egg m o rtality in cap tivity has been attr ibuted to (1) fungus (Cham b erlain and ODonnell, 2002 and 2003), (2 ) hydra (sm a ll invertebrates with stinging tentacles) (Lynn Ables, Dallas Aquarium pers. comm., 2000), and (3) othe r factors, including infertility (Cha m b erlain and OD onnell, 200 3). Enviro nm ental co nditions, water quality adequate sp ace, habitat heterogeneity, and food availab i lity m a y also influence egg laying (Cham b erlain and ODonnell, 2003). At hatch, juveniles m e a s ure 13 mm in total length (snout to tip of tail). A f ter 4 m onths, juveniles ranged in total length from 13 to 38 mm (Cha mberlain and OD onnell, 2003). Growth rates in the wild, based on a lim ited m a rk-recap ture dataset of 11 Bart on Springs salam a nders, ranged from 0.14 t o 0.50 mm per day over a 30to 57-da y period (City of Austin, unpublished data). The availab l e data sugg est that Barto n Springs sa lam a nders c ould potentially rea c h f u ll m a turity within six months from hatchi ng, although the sam p le size upon wh ich these data are based is lim ited and additional research is warranted. Page 166 of 6 02

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City of Aust in biologists have generally found th e first three m onths fo llowing hatching to be a critical period for juvenile survival (Cha m b erla in and ODonnell, 2003). Of the 285 eggs laid in one breeding study, only 12 (4%) survived the fi rst three months (Chamb erlain and ODonnell, 2003). Ne wly hatched larvae have sufficient yolk to sustain their nutritional needs for several days after hatch. Larvae feeding on prey item s ha ve been observed 11 to 15 days after hatching (Lynn Ables, Dallas Aquarium pers. comm., 1999). D.5.4 Longevity The longevity of the Barton Springs salam a nder in the wild is unknown; however, salam a nders in captivity have survived to at least 12 years (U SFW S 2005). D.5.5 Diseases A lim ited num b er of physiological infections ha ve been r e ported in the wild f o r the Barto n Springs salam a nders. Adult Barton Springs sala m a nders have been infected with trem atodes ( C linostom u m sp.) that invaded tissue near the sala m a nders vent (Cham b erlain and ODonnell, 2002). D.5.6 Predators Predation on adult Barton Springs salam a nders in the wild is expec t ed to be m i nim a l when adequate cover is available (USFW S, 2005). Most of the potential predators native to the Barton Springs ecosystem are opportunistic feeders, a nd predation is unlikely unless the salam a nders becom e exposed. Crayfish ( Procambarus clarkii ) and other large predatory invertebrates m a y prey on salam a nders or on their larvae and eggs (Gam radt and Kats, 1996). Crayfish have been reported to be extrem ely abundant at tim es, with an apparent crayfish bloom occurring in the spring of 1995, when thousands of crayfish were found throughout the pool (USFWS, 2006) Predatory fish found at Barton Sp rings include mosquitofish ( G a m busia affiinis ), longear sunfish ( Lepomis megalotis ), and largem outh bass ( Micropterus salmoides ). Mosquitofish have been known to prey on frog and salam a nder larvae in areas where the fish have been introduced (Gam radt and Kats, 1996; Goodsel l and Kats, 1999; Lawler et al ., 1999). Longear sunfish are known to prey on aquatic vertebrates, and largem outh bass are opportunistic predators that feed prim arily on sm aller fishes and crayfish. Me xican tetras are non-nativ e fish and aggressive generalis t p r edato r s that are oc casionally found in Barton Cr eek, Barton Springs Pool, Upper Barton Springs, and Sunken Garden Springs (USFWS, 2005). In ad dition, green-throat darters ( Etheostoma lepidum ) have been known to prey upon sm a ll juvenile salamanders when no cover is ava ilab l e. D.6 References Alan Plumm e r Associates, Inc. 2000. Barton Sp rings Pool Prelim inary Algae Control Plan for the City of Austin. Arnold, S. 1977. The evoluti on of courtship behavior in Ne w World salam a nders with som e comments on Old World salam a ndrids. Pages 141-183 in D. Taylor and S. Gutt m a n, Page 167 of 6 02

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editors. The Reproductive Bi ology of Amphibians. Plenum Press. New York, New York. Boutilier, R.G., Stiffler, D.F., and D.P. Toews. 1992. Exchange of respiratory gases, ions, and water in amphibious and aquatic amphibians. Pages 81-124 in Feder, M.E. and W. W. Burggren, editors. Environm ental Physiology of the Amphibians. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Illinois. Brown, B.C. 1950. An annotated checklis t of the reptiles and a m phibians of Te xas. Baylor University Press, W aco, Texas. Brune, G. 1981. Springs of Texas, Volum e I. Branch-Sm ith, Inc., Fort Worth, Texas. Cha m berlain, D.A. and L. ODonne ll. 2002. City of Austins captive breeding program for the Barton Springs and Austin b lind salam a nders (January 1 Decem ber 31, 2001). City of Austin W a tershed Protection and Developm ent Review Departm e nt annual perm it (PRT 839031) report. Cha m berlain, D.A. and L. ODonne ll. 2003. City of Austins captive breeding program for the Barton Springs and Austin b lind salam a nders (January 1 Decem ber 31, 2002). City of Austin W a tershed Protection and Developm ent Review Departm e nt annual perm it (PRT 839031) report. Chippindale, P.T. 1993. Evolution, phylogeny, biogeography, and taxonom y of Ce ntral Texas spring and cave salam a nders, Eurycea and Typhlomolge (Plethodontidae: He m i dactyliini). Dissertation, Univers ity of Texa s at Austin, Austin, Tex a s. Chippindale, P.T., A.H. Price, and D.M. Hillis. 1993. A new species of perennibranchiate salam a nder ( Eurycea : Plethodontidae) from Austin, Te xas. Herpetologica 49:248-259. City of Aust in. 1997. The Barton Creek repo rt W a ter Quality Report S e ries COA-ERM/1997. Austin, Tex a s. City of Austin. 1998. Final environm ental asse ssm e nt/habitat conservation plan for issuance of a section 1 0 (a)(1 )(B) perm it for inciden t al take of the Barton Springs salamander ( Eurycea so sorum ) for the operation and m a intenan ce of Barton Springs Pool and adjacen t springs. Austin, Texas. City of Austin. 2001. Jollyvi lle Plateau water quality and sa lam a nder assessm ent. W a ter Quality Rep o rt Series C OA-ERM 1999-01. Austin, Texas. City of Austin. 2003. The operation and m a in tenance of Barton Springs Pool and adjacen t springs (Jan uary 1 Decem ber 31, 2002). C ity of Austin W a tershed Protection and Developm ent Review Departm e nt annual perm it (PRT -839031) report. City of Austin. 2005a. Update of Barton Spri ngs water quality data analysis. Austin, Page 168 of 6 02

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Texas. Contant, R. and J.T. Collins. 199 8. A f i e l d guide to rep tiles and am phibians of easte rn and central North Am erica. Third ed itio n expa nded. Houghton Miffin Company, New York, New York. Duellm an, W and L. Treub. 1986. Biology of Am phibians. McGr aw-Hill Book Com p any, New York, New York. Ga m r adt, S.C. and L. B. Kats. 1996. Effe c t of introduced crayfish and m o squitofish on California newts. Conservation Biology 10:1155-1162. Goodsell, J.A. and L.B. Kats. 1999. Effect of i n troduced m o squitofish on Pacific treefrogs and the role of alternative prey. Conservation Biology 13:921-924. Hillm an, S.S. and P.C. W ithers. 1979. An analys is of respir ato r y surface area as a lim it t o activity m e tabolism in amphibians. Cana dian Journal of Zoology. 57:2100-2105. Houck, L.D. S.J. Arnol d, and R. A. Thisted. 1985a. A statistical study of m a te choice: sexual selection in a plethodontid salam a nder ( Desmognathus ochrophaeus ). Evolution 39:370 386. Houck, L.D., S. Tilley, and S.J. Arnold. 1 985b. Sperm com p etition in a p l ethodon tid salam a nder: prelim inary results. Journal of Herpetology 19:420-423. Lawler, S.P., D. Dritz, T. Strange and M. Holyoak. 1999. Eff ects of introduced mosquitofish and bullfrogs on the threaten ed California red-legged fr og. Conservation Biology 13:613-622. Norris, W E., P.A. Grandy, and W.K. Davis 1963. Com p arative studies of the oxygen consum ption of three species of neotenic sa lam a nders as influenced by temperature, body size, and oxygen tension. Biological Bulletin 125:523-533. Pipkin, T. and M. Frech, editors. 1993. Barton Springs eternal. Softshoe Publishing, Austin, Texas. Sweet, S. 1978. The evolutiona ry developm ent of the Texas Eurycea (Am phibia: Plethodonitidae). Dissertation, University of California, Berkeley, California. U.S. Fish and W ildlife Service (USFWS) 2005. Barton Springs Salam a nder ( Eurycea sosorum ) Recovery Plan. Southwest Region, USFWS, Al buquerque, New Mexico. Page 169 of 6 02

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Appendix E. Stepwise Modeling Approa ch for the Barton Springs Salamander Endangered Species Assessment for Carbaryl. 1. Modify the PE4v01.pl shell to indicate daily ti me series (TS E R) instead of the standard cum u lative ( T CUM) output in R ecord 40 of przm3.inp files. 2. Re m ove irrigation param e ters from the TX_BSSTurf, TX_BSSNursury, and TX_BSSResidential scenarios by setting th e IRFLAG input in Record 20 to . 3. Use the m o dif i ed PE4 shell to run th e TX_BSSTu rf, TX_BSSNur sury, TX_BSSOrchard, and TX_BSSRange scenarios with their re spective m a xi m u m use pattern. Use the modified PE4 shell to run both the T X _B SSI m p e r vious and the TX_BSSResidential scenarios for each of the m a xim u m hom e lawn and flower bed use patterns 4. Open the *.zts files with Microsoft O ffice Ex cel, fixing each colum n width to captu re the appropriate data (allow eight character spaces beyond the deci m a l). Save the result as a Microsoft O ffice Excel Workbook (*.xls). 5. On a separa te worksheet, list the va lu es (expr essed in hectares ) for area of contributing and recharg e zones (s ee cells B5 to B6 in Figure E1 ). 6. List th e valu es (expressed in hectares ) for area of each use s c enario in the contributing zone and sum the values (see cells H2 to H8 and H10 in Figure E1 ). 7. List th e valu es (expressed in hectares ) for ar ea of each use s c enario in the recharge zo ne and sum the values (see cells N2 to N 8 and N10 in Figure E1 ). 8. Calculate (imbedded in cell) the values (e xpressed in hectares) for non-cropped area in each zone (s ee cells B9 to B10 in Figure E1 ; formul a e.g. B10=B6-N10). 9. Insert the v a lue (exp ress ed in g/L) f o r the peak monitored base fl ow concentration (s ee cell B12 in Figure E1 ). 10. Insert the v a lue for fraction of stream flow attribu t ed to ba se f l ow (see c e ll B13 in Figure E1 ). 11. Copy the pesticide m a ss flux in runoff (RFLX; expressed as 10 -5 g/cm 2 or kg/ha) outputs for each PE4 run from t h e respectiv e *.xls f iles converted from *. zts and paste them on the worksheet (see columns F, I, L, O, R, U, X, AA, and AD in Figures E1 and E2 ). 12. Copy the runoff flux (RUNF; expressed as cm ) outputs for each PE4 run from the respective *. xls files con v erted from *.zts a nd paste them on the worksheet (see columns E, H, K, N, Q, T, W Z, and AC in Figures E1 and E2 ). Page 170 of 6 02

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13. Calculate daily residue m a ss in runoff (g) from nursery, orch ard, vineyard, pasture, and park use areas in th e con t ribu ting zo ne (CZ) in s e parate colu mns, one for each use (see colum n s AF to AJ in Fig u re E2 ) using the form ul a: Daily Mass in Runoff (g) = RFLX (kg/ha) x Use Area (ha) x 10 9 g/kg ( e.g. AF25=F25*$H$2*1000000000) 14. Calculate daily residue m a ss in runoff (g) from residen t ial a r eas in the contributing zone (CZ) assum i ng that 70% of re sidential areas are lawns ( i.e. us e areas) (s ee colum n AK in Figure E2 ) using the formula: Daily Mass in Runoff (g) = RFLX (kg/ha) x 70% x Use Area (ha) x 10 9 g/kg ( e.g. AK25=U25*0.7*$H$7*1000000000) 15. Calculate daily residue m a ss in runoff (g) f r om com m e rcial areas in the contr i buting zone (CZ) assum i ng that 4.4% of commercial areas are flower beds ( i.e. use areas) (see colum n AL i n Figure E2 ) using the form ula: Daily Mass in Runoff (g) = RFLX ( kg/ha) x 4.4% x Use Area (ha) x 10 9 g/kg ( e.g. AL25=AA25*0.044*$H$8*1000000000) 16. Calculate daily runoff mass (g) fro m each use ar ea in the recharge zon e (RZ) in separate colum n s, one for each us e (see columns AO to AU in Figure E2 ) using the three for m ulas in steps 13-15 above (first for m ula e.g. AO25=F25*$N$2*1000000000). 17. Calculate mass totals (g) for each aquifer zone in separate colum n s (see colum n s AM and AV in Figures E2 and E3 ; f o rm ula e.g. AM25=SUM(AF25:AL25)). 18. Calculate daily runoff (L) from each use and nonuse area in the CZ in sep a rate colum n s, one for each PE4 run (see colum n s AX to BG in Figure E3 ) using the formula: Daily Runoff (L) = RUNF (cm ) x Us e/Non-use A r ea (ha) x 10 8 cm 2 /ha x 10 -3 L/cm 3 ( e.g. AX25=E25*$H$2*100000000/1000) 19. Calculate daily runoff (L) from each use and nonuse area in the RZ in sep a rate colum n s, one for each PE4 run (see colum n s BJ to BS in Figures E3 to E4 ) using the for m ula above (formula e.g. BS25=N25*$B$10*100000000/1000). 20. Calculate ru noff totals (L) for each aquifer zone in separate colum n s (see colum n s BH and BT in Figures E3 and E4 ; f o rm ula e.g. BH25=SUM(AX25:BG25)). 21. In order to estim ate base stream flow in the contributing zone: Page 171 of 6 02

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a. Calcula t e th e sum of total runof f (L) in the CZ (s ee cell T3 in Figure E1 ; f o rm ula e.g. T3=SUM($BH$17:$BH$10973)). b. Calculate the num ber of days m odeled (see cell T 4 in Figure E1 ; f o rm ula e.g. T4=COUNT($C$17:$C$10973)). c. Calculate th e averag e daily flow in r unoff (L/d) from the contributing zone (see cell T5 in Figure E1 ; f o rm ula e.g. T5=T3/T4). d. Calcula t e ba se str eam f l ow (L/d) (se e cell T6 in Figure E1 ) using the formula: Base Stream Flow (L/d) = Base Stream Fraction x Mean CZ Runoff Flow ( L /d) / CZ Runoff Fraction [ e.g. T6=$B$13*T5/(1-$B$13)] 22. Calculate daily runoff EECs (g/L) for each aqu i fer zone in separate co lum n s (see colum n s BV and CA in Figure E4 ) using the formula: Daily Runoff EEC (g/L) = Daily Total Mass in Zone Runoff (g) / Daily Zone Runoff (L) [ e.g. CA25= IF(BT25=0, 0,AV25/BT25)] 23. Calcula t e th e tota l daily CZ stream f l ow (L) in a s e para te colu m n by sum m ing the total daily runof f in the CZ (L ) and the b a s e stre am flow (L) (see c o lum n BW i n Figure E4 ; for m ul a e.g. BW 25 =$T$6+BH25). 24. Calcula t e th e daily str e a m fl ow fracti on from run o ff (S tream Dilution Fa c t or) in a separate co lum n (see colum n BX in Figure E4 ; f o rm ula e.g. BX25=BH25/BW 25). 25. Calcula t e da ily stream EECs (g/L) in th e contributing zone (see colum n BY in Figure E4 ) using the for m ula: Daily CZ Stream EEC ( g/L) = [Stream D ilution Factor x C Z Runoff EEC (g/L)] + [Base Flow Dilution Factor x Mean Base Flow Concentration (g/L)] [ e.g. BY25= BX25*BV25+(1-BX25)*$B$12] 26. Calcula t e th e tota l daily f l ow into the Barton Springs (L) by s u m m ing the tota l daily CZ stream flow (L) and th e total RZ runo ff (L) (see c o lum n CC in Figure E4 ; f o rm ula e.g. CC25=BW25+BT25). 27. Calculate the fraction of flow in the Barton Springs from RZ runo ff (RZ Flow Fraction; see colum n CD in Figure E4 ; f o rm ula e.g. CD25=BT25/CC25). 28. Calculate the fraction of flow in the Barton Springs from CZ stream flow (CZ Stream Flow Fraction; see co lu mn CE in Figure E4 ; f o rm ula e.g. CE25 =BW 2 5/CC25). Page 172 of 6 02

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29. Calcula t e da ily EECs ( g/L) in the Barton Springs (see colum n CF in Figure E4 ) using the form ula: Daily Barton Springs E E C (g/L) = [RZ Flow Fraction x Daily RZ Runoff EEC (g/L)] + [CZ Strea m Flow Fraction x Da ily CZ Stream EEC (g/L)] ( e.g. CF25=CD25*CA25+CE25*BY25) 30. Calculate ro lling tim e weighted averages for the appropriate durati ons including 14-day, 21-day (see colum n s CH and CI in Figure E4 ), 30-day, 60-day, and 90-day (see columns CJ, CK, and CL in Figure E5 ) durations. Tim e weighted av erages are calculated us ing the daily values from hal f of the duration preceding the day o f interes t an d half of the duration after the day of interest. For ex am ple, the 14-day average on January 14 is calcu lated b y averag ing the daily values from January 8 to Jan u ary 21. This ca lcula tio n is repeated for each day an d for each d u ration for the entire 30 years of daily values. 31. List the peak EEC and rolling 14-day, 21-da y, 30-day, 60-day, and 90-day average E E C for each year between 1 961 and 1990 [see columns CO to CT in Figure E 5 ; form ul a e.g. CO25 =MAX(CF2939:CF3303)]. 32. Calculate the 1-in-10-year return frequency f o r e ach dura tion [ s ee row 49, CO to CT in Figure E5 ; f o rm ula e.g. CO49=PERCENTILE( CO17:CO46,0.9)]. Page 173 of 6 02

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Figure E1. Screen Shot of Columns A to Z of an Example Excel Worksheet for Estimate Calculation in Barton Springs. Page 174 of 6 02

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Figure E2. Screen Shot of Columns AA to AU of an Example Excel W o rksheet fo r Estimate Calculation in Barton Springs. Page 175 of 6 02

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Figure E3. Screen Shot of Columns AV to BN of an Example Excel W o rksheet fo r Estimate Calculation in Barton Springs. Page 176 of 6 02

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Figure E4. Screen Shot of Columns BO to CI of an Example Excel W o rksheet fo r Estima te Calculation in Barton Springs. Page 177 of 6 02

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Figure E5. Screen Shot of Columns CJ to DD of an Example Excel W o rksheet fo r Estima te Calculation in Barton Springs. Page 178 of 6 02

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PRZ M Input Files for the Barton Springs Salamander Endangered Species Ass e ssment o f Carbaryl. Ornamentals Input File Out put File: Car_nurs Metfile: w13958.dvf PR ZM scena r i o : TX _B SS Nu rse r y N o Ir rig.t x t EXAM S e nvi r onm ent file: po n d 2 9 8 .e xv Chem ica l Name: Carbaryl Descri ption Varia b le Nam e Value Units Com m e nts M o lecular wei ght m w t 20 1. 2 2 g/m o l Hen r y s Law C onst hen r y 1. 28e 8 atm m ^ 3/m o l Vap o r P r ess u re vap r 1. 36e 7 torr Solubility sol 32 m g /L Kd Kd m g /L Koc Koc 198 m g /L Ph otoly s is hal f -life kd p 21 day s Half-life Aer o bic A q uatic M e tabolism kbac w 12 4. 2 day s Halfife Anae r obic A q u a tic M e tabolism kbac s 21 6. 6 day s Halfife Aerobic Soil Metabolism asm 12 day s Halfife Hy dr oly s is: pH 5 0 day s Half-life Hy dr oly s is: pH 7 12 day s Half-life Hy dr oly s is: pH 9 0. 13 3 day s Half-life Method: CAM 2 integer See PRZM m a nual Inc o r p oratio n Dept h: DEP I 0 cm Ap plication R a te: TAPP 8. 74 4 kg/ ha Application Efficiency: APPE FF 0. 99 fractio n Spr a y D r ift DR FT 0. 01 fractio n of ap p lication rate a p plied to p o nd Ap plication Da te Date 28 0 4 dd/m m or d d / m mm or dd -m m or d d -m m m Interval 1 interval 7 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 2 interval 7 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 3 interval 7 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Record 17: FILTR A IPSC ND 2 UPT K F Record 18: PLVKRT PLD K R T 0. 18 7 FEXTR C 3. 70 Flag fo r In de x R e s. R u n IR Po nd Flag fo r ru n o f f calc. R U N O FF no ne no ne, m onthly or total(av era g e o f e n tire r u n) Peaches Input File Out put File: C a r_ orc h 2 Metfile: w13958.dvf P R Z M s c e n ar io : T X B S S O r ch ar d. tx t EXAM S e nvi r onm ent file: po n d 2 9 8 .e xv Chem ica l Name: Carbaryl Descri ption Varia b le Nam e Value Units Com m e nts M o lecular wei ght m w t 20 1. 2 2 g/m o l Hen r y s Law C onst hen r y 1. 28e 8 atm m ^ 3/m o l Vap o r P r ess u re vap r 1. 36e 7 torr Solubility sol 32 m g /L Kd Kd m g /L Koc Koc 198 m g /L Ph otoly s is hal f -life kd p 21 day s Half-life Page 179 of 6 02

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Aer o bic A q uatic M e tabolism kbac w 12 4. 2 day s Halfife Anae r obic A q u a tic M e tabolism kbac s 21 6. 6 day s Halfife Aerobic Soil Metabolism asm 12 day s Halfife Hy dr oly s is: pH 5 0 day s Half-life Hy dr oly s is: pH 7 12 day s Half-life Hy dr oly s is: pH 9 0. 13 3 day s Half-life Method: CAM 2 integer See PRZM m a nual Inc o r p oratio n Dept h: DEP I 0 cm Ap plication R a te: TAPP 4. 48 4 kg/ ha Application Efficiency: APPE FF 0. 95 fractio n Spr a y D r ift DR FT 0. 05 fractio n of ap p lication rate a p plied to p o nd Ap plication Da te Date 25 0 9 dd/m m or d d / m mm or dd -m m or d d -m m m Interval 1 interval 15 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 2 interval 60 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Record 17: FILTR A IPSC ND 1 UPT K F Record 18: PLVKRT PLD K R T 0. 18 7 FEXTR C 3. 70 Flag fo r In de x R e s. R u n IR Po nd Flag fo r ru n o f f calc. R U N O FF no ne no ne, m onthly or total(av era g e o f e n tire r u n) Vineyard Input File Out put File: Car_orch Metfile: w13958.dvf P R Z M s c e n ar io : T X B S S O r ch ar d. tx t EXAM S e nvi r onm ent file: po n d 2 9 8 .e xv Chem ica l Name: Carbaryl Descri ption Varia b le Nam e Value Units Com m e nts M o lecular wei ght m w t 20 1. 2 2 g/m o l Hen r y s Law C onst hen r y 1. 28e 8 atm m ^ 3/m o l Vap o r P r ess u re vap r 1. 36e 7 torr Solubility sol 32 m g /L Kd Kd m g /L Koc Koc 198 m g /L Ph otoly s is hal f -life kd p 21 day s Half-life Aer o bic A q uatic M e tabolism kbac w 12 4. 2 day s Halfife Anae r obic A q u a tic M e tabolism kbac s 21 6. 6 day s Halfife Aerobic Soil Metabolism asm 12 day s Halfife Hy dr oly s is: pH 5 0 day s Half-life Hy dr oly s is: pH 7 12 day s Half-life Hy dr oly s is: pH 9 0. 13 3 day s Half-life Method: CAM 2 integer See PRZM m a nual Inc o r p oratio n Dept h: DEP I 0 cm Ap plication R a te: TAPP 2. 24 2 kg/ ha Application Efficiency: APPE FF 0. 95 fractio n Spr a y D r ift DR FT 0. 05 fractio n of ap p lication rate a p plied to p o nd Ap plication Da te Date 28 0 4 dd/m m or d d / m mm or dd -m m or d d -m m m Interval 1 interval 7 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 2 interval 7 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 3 interval 7 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 4 interval 7 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Record 17: FILTR A IPSC ND 1 Page 180 of 6 02

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UPT K F Record 18: PLVKRT PLD K R T 0. 18 7 FEXTR C 3. 70 Flag fo r In de x R e s. R u n IR Po nd Flag fo r ru n o f f calc. R U N O FF no ne no ne, m onthly or total(av era g e o f e n tire r u n) Rangeland Input File Out put File: Car_past Metfile: w13958.dvf PRZM scena r i o : TX_BSSRa n ge.txt EXAM S e nvi r onm ent file: po n d 2 9 8 .e xv Chem ica l Name: Carbaryl Descri ption Varia b le Nam e Value Units Com m e nts M o lecular wei ght m w t 20 1. 2 2 g/m o l Hen r y s Law C onst hen r y 1. 28e 8 atm m ^ 3/m o l Vap o r P r ess u re vap r 1. 36e 7 torr Solubility sol 32 m g /L Kd Kd m g /L Koc Koc 198 m g /L Ph otoly s is hal f -life kd p 21 day s Half-life Aer o bic A q uatic M e tabolism kbac w 12 4. 2 day s Halfife Anae r obic A q u a tic M e tabolism kbac s 21 6. 6 day s Halfife Aerobic Soil Metabolism asm 12 day s Halfife Hy dr oly sis: pH 5 0 day s Half-life Hy dr oly s is: pH 7 12 day s Half-life Hy dr oly s is: pH 9 0. 13 3 day s Half-life Method: CAM 2 integer See PRZM m a nual Inc o r p oratio n Dept h: DEP I 0 cm App licatio n Rate: TAPP 1 6 815 k g / h a Application Efficiency: APPE FF 0. 95 fractio n Spr a y D r ift DR FT 0. 05 fractio n of ap p lication rate a p plied to p o nd Ap plication Da te Date 28 0 4 dd/m m or d d / m mm or dd -m m or d d -m m m Interval 1 interval 14 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Record 17: FILTR A IPSC ND 3 UPT K F Record 18: PLVKRT PLD K R T 0. 18 7 FEXTR C 3. 70 Flag fo r In de x R e s. R u n IR Po nd Flag fo r ru n o f f calc. R U N O FF no ne no ne, m onthly or total(av era g e o f e n tire r u n) Parks Inpu t File Out put File: Car_t u rf Metfile: w13958.dvf PRZM scena r i o : TX_B SST ur f No Ir rig txt EXAM S e nvi r onm ent file: po n d 2 9 8 .e xv Chem ica l Name: Carbaryl Descri ption Varia b le Nam e Value Units Com m e nts M o lecular wei ght m w t 20 1. 2 2 g/m o l Hen r y s Law C onst hen r y 1. 28e 8 atm m ^ 3/m o l Vap o r P r ess u re vap r 1. 36e 7 torr Solubility sol 32 m g /L Kd Kd m g /L Page 181 of 6 02

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Koc Koc 198 m g /L Ph otoly s is hal f -life kd p 21 day s Half-life Aer o bic A q uatic M e tabolism kbac w 12 4. 2 day s Halfife Anae r obic A q u a tic M e tabolism kbac s 21 6. 6 day s Halfife Aerobic Soil Metabolism asm 12 day s Halfife Hy dr oly s is: pH 5 0 day s Half-life Hy dr oly s is: pH 7 12 day s Half-life Hy dr oly s is: pH 9 0. 13 3 day s Half-life Method: CAM 2 integer See PRZM m anual Inc o r p oratio n Dept h: DEP I 0 cm Ap plication R a te: TAPP 9. 37 kg/ ha Application Efficiency: APPE FF 0. 99 fractio n Spr a y D r ift DR FT 0. 01 fractio n of ap p lication rate a p plied to p o nd Ap plication Da te Date 28 0 4 dd/m m or d d / m mm or dd -m m or d d -m m m Interval 1 interval 3 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 2 interval 3 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 3 interval 3 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 4 interval 3 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 5 interval 3 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 6 interval 3 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 7 interval 3 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 8 interval 3 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 9 interval 3 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 10 interval 3 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 11 interval 3 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 12 interval 3 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 13 interval 3 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 14 interval 3 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 15 interval 3 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 16 interval 3 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 17 interval 3 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 18 interval 3 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 19 interval 3 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 20 interval 3 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 21 interval 3 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 22 interval 3 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 23 interval 3 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 24 interval 3 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Record 17: FILTR A IPSC ND 3 UPT K F Record 18: PLVKRT PLD K R T 0. 18 7 FEXTR C 3. 70 Flag fo r In de x R e s. R u n IR Po nd Flag fo r ru n o f f calc. R U N O FF no ne no ne, m onthly or total(av era g e o f e n tire r u n) Residential Input File Out put File: Car_res Metfile: w13958.dvf PRZM scena r i o : TX_BSSR esidential_NoIrri g.txt EXAM S e nvi r onm ent file: po n d 2 9 8 .e xv Chem ica l Name: Carbaryl Descri ption Varia b le Nam e Value Units Com m e nts M o lecular wei ght m w t 20 1. 2 2 g/m o l Page 182 of 6 02

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Hen r y s Law C onst hen r y 1. 28e 8 atm m ^ 3/m o l Vap o r P r ess u re vap r 1. 36e 7 torr Solubility sol 32 m g /L Kd Kd m g /L Koc Koc 198 m g /L Ph otoly s is hal f -life kd p 21 day s Half-life Aer o bic A q uatic M e tabolism kbac w 12 4. 2 day s Halfife Anae r obic A q u a tic M e tabolism kbac s 21 6. 6 day s Halfife Aerobic Soil Metabolism asm 12 day s Halfife Hy dr oly s is: pH 5 0 day s Half-life Hy dr oly s is: pH 7 12 day s Half-life Hy dr oly s is: pH 9 0. 13 3 day s Half-life Method: CAM 2 integer See PRZM m anual Inc o r p oratio n Dept h: DEP I 0 cm Ap plication R a te: TAPP 9. 37 kg/ ha Application Efficiency: APPE FF 0. 99 fractio n Spr a y D r ift DR FT 0. 01 fractio n of ap p lication rate a p plied to p o nd Ap plication Da te Date 28 0 4 dd/m m or d d / m mm or dd -m m or d d -m m m Interval 1 interval 3 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 2 interval 3 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 3 interval 3 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 4 interval 3 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 5 interval 3 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 6 interval 3 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 7 interval 3 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 8 interval 3 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 9 interval 3 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 10 interval 3 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 11 interval 3 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 12 interval 3 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 13 interval 3 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 14 interval 3 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 15 interval 3 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 16 interval 3 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 17 interval 3 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 18 interval 3 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 19 interval 3 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 20 interval 3 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 21 interval 3 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 22 interval 3 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 23 interval 3 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 24 interval 3 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Record 17: FILTR A IPSC ND 1 UPT K F Record 18: PLVKRT PLD K R T 0. 18 7 FEXTR C 3. 70 Flag fo r In de x R e s. R u n IR Po nd Flag fo r ru n o f f calc. R U N O FF no ne no ne, m onthly or total(av era g e o f e n tire r u n) Impervious Input File Out put File: Car_im p Metfile: w13958.dvf PRZM scena r i o : TX_BSSIm p ervious.t x t Page 183 of 6 02

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EXAM S e nvi r onm ent file: po n d 2 9 8 .e xv Chem ica l Name: Carbaryl Descri ption Varia b le Nam e Value Units Com m e nts M o lecular wei ght m w t 20 1. 2 2 g/m o l Hen r y s Law C onst hen r y 1. 28e 8 atm m ^ 3/m o l Vap o r P r ess u re vap r 1. 36e 7 torr Solubility sol 32 m g /L Kd Kd m g /L Koc Koc 198 m g /L Ph otoly s is hal f -life kd p 21 day s Half-life Aer o bic A q uatic M e tabolism kbac w 12 4. 2 day s Halfife Anae r obic A q u a tic M e tabolism kbac s 21 6. 6 day s Halfife Aerobic Soil Metabolism asm 12 day s Halfife Hy dr oly s is: pH 5 0 day s Half-life Hy dr oly s is: pH 7 12 day s Half-life Hy dr oly s is: pH 9 0. 13 3 day s Half-life Method: CAM 2 integer See PRZM m anual Inc o r p oratio n Dept h: DEP I 0 cm Ap plication R a te: TAPP 9. 37 kg/ ha Application Efficiency: APPE FF 0. 99 fractio n Spr a y D r ift DR FT 0. 01 fractio n of ap p lication rate a p plied to p o nd Ap plication Da te Date 28 0 4 dd/m m or d d / m mm or dd -m m or d d -m m m Interval 1 interval 3 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 2 interval 3 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 3 interval 3 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 4 interval 3 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 5 interval 3 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 6 interval 3 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 7 interval 3 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 8 interval 3 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 9 interval 3 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 10 interval 3 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 11 interval 3 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 12 interval 3 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 13 interval 3 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 14 interval 3 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 15 interval 3 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 16 interval 3 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 17 interval 3 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 18 interval 3 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 19 interval 3 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 20 interval 3 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 21 interval 3 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 22 interval 3 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 23 interval 3 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Interval 24 interval 3 days Set to 0 or delete line for single app. Record 17: FILTR A IPSC ND 1 UPT K F Record 18: PLVKRT PLD K R T 0. 18 7 FEXTR C 3. 70 Flag fo r In de x R e s. R u n IR Po nd Flag fo r ru n o f f calc. R U N O FF no ne no ne, m onthly or total(av era g e o f e n tire r u n) Page 184 of 6 02

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Appendix F Sensitivity Distribution Data. Tables F.1-F.5 contain the 96-hour LC 50 data for fish and associated calculations used to derive the sensitivity distribution shown in Figure 14 of the risk assessm ent. Tables F.6-F.10 contain the 48to 96-hour EC 50 data for invertebrates and associat ed calcu lations used to derive the sensitivity distribution shown in Figure 15 of the risk assessm ent. Page 185 of 6 02

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T a bl e F. 1. Su mmar y of 9 6 hour L C 50 d a ta f o r e ffec t s o f c a rb aryl on f reshw ater fi sh D a t a are fr o m E F E D s da ta ba se of eco t ox icit y data Com m o n Nam e Species Name Mea n LC50 (ppb ) Lo g 10 LC5 0 Lower Co nfiden ce (ppb) Lo we r Log 10 LC50 Upper Co nfiden ce (ppb) Uppe r Log 10 LC50 Test Subs tanc e ( % a.i ) MRI D /Accessi on Car p C y prin us car p io 5 280 3. 72 3 4 600 3. 66 3 6 000 3. 77 8 99 .5 4 009 800 1 Black bullhea d Ictalurus mel a s 2 000 0 4. 30 1 18 0 00 4. 25 5 24 0 00 4. 38 0 99 .5 4 009 800 1 Ch ann e l catfish Ictalurus pu nctat u s 7 790 3. 89 2 4 700 3. 67 2 12 8 00 4. 10 7 99 .5 4 009 800 1 Gree n sunfish Lepomis cyanellu s 9 460 3. 97 6 7 000 3. 84 5 12 8 00 4. 10 7 99 .5 4 009 800 1 Bluegill sunfish Lepomis macr oc hiru s 5 047 3. 70 3 4 400 3. 64 3 5 800 3. 76 3 99 .5 4 009 800 1 Bluegill sunfish Lepomis macr oc hiru s 1 400 0 4. 14 6 7 700 3. 88 6 25 2 00 4. 40 1 99 .9 TN 14 2, 0 043 115 Largem ou th ba ss Micropter us salm oides 6 400 3. 80 6 4 400 3. 64 3 9 200 3. 96 4 99 .5 4 009 460 2 Cutthroat trout O n co rh yn c h u s clarki 97 0 2. 98 7 77 0 2. 88 6 1 200 3. 07 9 99 .5 4 009 800 1 Co ho salm on O n co rh yn c h u s kisutch 2 400 3. 38 0 1 860 3. 27 0 3 000 3. 47 7 99 .5 4 009 800 1 Rain bo w trout O n co rh yn c h u s mykiss 3 300 3. 51 9 2 700 3. 43 1 4 000 3. 60 2 81 .5 4 239 790 1 Rain bo w trout O n co rh yn c h u s mykiss 1 200 3. 07 9 80 0 2. 90 3 1 800 3. 25 5 99 .5 4 009 800 1 C h in oo k salm on O n co rh yn c h u s tshaw ytsc ha 2 400 3. 38 0 1 600 3. 20 4 3 500 3. 54 4 99 .5 4 009 800 1 Yellow perc h Perca flavescens 35 0 2. 54 4 28 0 2. 44 7 43 0 2. 63 3 99 .5 4 009 800 1 Fathead m i nno w Pimepha les pro m el as 7 700 3. 88 6 4 800 3. 68 1 12 0 00 4. 07 9 99 .5 4 009 800 1 Black crappie Pomoxis nigr om ac ulat u s 2 600 3. 41 5 1 200 3. 07 9 5 700 3. 75 6 99 .5 4 009 460 2 Atlantic salm on Sal mo sal a r 25 0 2. 39 8 12 0 2. 07 9 79 0 2. 89 8 99 .5 4 009 800 1 Br own trout Sal mo trutta 6 300 3. 79 9 5 500 3. 74 0 7 200 3. 85 7 99 .5 4 009 800 1 Br oo k trout Salvelin us fontinalis 3 000 3. 47 7 2 000 3. 30 1 4 500 3. 65 3 99 .5 4 009 800 1 Lake trout Salvelin us namaycush 69 0 2. 83 9 50 0 2. 69 9 90 0 2. 95 4 99 .5 4 009 800 1 NR = n o t re po r t ed, NA = not applicable Table F.2. Spe cies values fo r LC50 (me a n and up per an d lower c o nfidence inter v als). Com m o n Na me Species Name Lo g10 M e an Lo g10 Lo wer Lo g10 Upper Car p C y prin us c a r p io 3. 72 3 3. 66 3 3. 77 8 Page 186 of 602

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Black bullhea d Ictalurus mel a s 4. 30 1 4. 25 5 4. 38 0 Channel catfis h Ictalurus punctatus 3. 89 2 3. 67 2 4. 10 7 Gree n s u nfis h Lepomis cyane llus 3. 97 6 3. 84 5 4. 10 7 Bluegill sunfish Lep o mis m a cr ochir u s 3. 92 5 3. 76 5 4. 08 2 Largem outh ba ss Micropter us sa lmoide s 3. 80 6 3. 64 3 4. 0 Cutthroat trout Onc o r h y n chus clarki 2. 98 7 2. 88 6 3. 1 C o h o salm on O n co rh yn c h u s k i s u tc h 3. 38 0 3. 27 0 3. 5 Rainbow trout Onc o r h y n chus mykiss 3. 29 9 3. 16 7 3. 4 C h in oo k salm on Onc o r h y n ch us tshaw ytsc ha 3. 38 0 3. 20 4 3. 5 Yellow pe rc h Perca flav e sce n s 2. 54 4 2. 44 7 2. 6 Fathead m i nnow Pimepha les pro m ela s 3. 88 6 3. 68 1 4. 1 Black cra ppie Po moxis nig r o m ac ulat us 3. 41 5 3. 07 9 3. 8 Atlantic salm o n Sal mo sal a r 2. 39 8 2. 07 9 2. 9 Br own tro u t Sal mo trutta 3. 79 9 3. 74 0 3. 9 Br oo k tro u t Salvelin us f ont inalis 3. 47 7 3. 30 1 3. 7 Lake trout Salvelin us n a m a ycu sh 2. 83 9 2. 69 9 3. 0 Table F. 3. Ge nus value s for LC50 (me a n an d upper and lower c o nfidence inter v als). Com m o n Na me Genus Name Lo g10 Mea n M e an L C 50 (ppb ) Lo g10 lower lower LC50 (ppb ) Lo g 10 Upper Upper LC50 (ppb ) Rank on curve carp C y prin us 3. 72 2 6 5 280 .0 3. 66 2 8 4 600 .0 3. 77 8 2 6 000 .0 0. 56 catfish Ictalurus 4. 09 6 3 1 248 2.0 3. 96 3 7 9 197 .8 4. 24 3 7 1 752 7.1 1. 00 sunfish Lepomis 3. 95 0 2 8 917 .4 3. 80 5 0 6 383 .1 4. 09 4 8 1 243 9.8 0. 89 bass Micropter us 3. 80 6 2 6 400 .0 3. 64 3 5 4 400 .0 3. 96 3 8 9 200 .0 0. 67 trout/sal m on O n co rh yn c h u s 3. 26 1 5 1 826 .0 3. 13 1 8 1 354 .7 3. 38 2 3 2 411 .3 0. 33 perc h Perca 2. 54 4 1 35 0. 0 2. 44 7 2 28 0. 0 2. 63 3 5 43 0. 0 0. 00 fathea d m i nno w Pimepha les 3. 88 6 5 7 700 .0 3. 68 1 2 4 800 .0 4. 07 9 2 1 200 0.0 0. 78 crappie Pomoxis 3. 41 5 0 2 600 .0 3. 07 9 2 1 200 .0 3. 75 5 9 5 700 .0 0. 44 sal m on/trout Sal mo 3. 09 8 6 1 255 .0 2. 90 9 8 81 2. 4 3. 37 7 5 2 385 .0 0. 11 trout Salvelin us 3. 15 8 0 1 438 .7 3. 00 0 0 1 000 .0 3. 30 3 7 2 012 .5 0. 22 Genus Mean for All: 3. 49 3 9 4 825 3. 33 2 4 3 403 3. 66 1 2 7 011 Genus Standard Deviation for all: 0. 48 3 8 4 007 0. 48 6 1 2 946 0. 48 9 7 5 611 Table F. 4. Cal c ulati o n of se nsitivity distri bution curve for fish e x pose d to c a rbar yl. M e an L C 50 Lo wer LC5 0 Prop orti on Z P Lo g10 po int Po int Est i ma te (ppb ) Lo g10 po int Po int Est i ma te (ppb ) 0. 05 1 .645 2. 69 8 49 8. 9 2. 53 3 34 1. 0 0. 10 1 .282 2. 87 4 74 7. 6 2. 70 9 51 2. 0 0. 20 0 .842 3. 08 7 1 220 .5 2. 92 3 83 7. 8 0. 25 0 .675 3. 16 8 1 470 .9 3. 00 5 1 010 .5 0. 30 0 .524 3. 24 0 1 739 .4 3. 07 8 1 195 .9 0. 40 0 .253 3. 37 1 2 352 .3 3. 20 9 1 619 .7 0. 50 0 3. 49 4 3 118 .2 3. 33 2 2 149 .9 0. 60 0. 25 3 3. 61 6 4 133 .3 3. 45 5 2 853 .6 0. 70 0. 52 4 3. 74 7 5 590 .0 3. 58 7 3 864 .8 Page 187 of 602

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0. 75 0. 67 5 3. 82 0 6 614 .0 3. 66 1 4 576 .4 0. 80 0. 84 2 3. 90 1 7 966 .4 3. 74 2 5 517 .0 0. 90 1. 28 2 4. 11 4 1 300 5.6 3. 95 6 9 027 .9 0. 95 1. 64 5 4. 29 0 1 948 7.2 4. 13 2 1 355 3.0 Z P = (L o g 1 0 L C 50 fish m e an GM A V )/( f is h st d GM A V ) T a bl e F. 5. Sen s i t i v i t y di s t ri b u ti on f o r fi sh exp o sed t o c a r b ar yl b a sed o n me an and c o nfi d ence i n te rval s o f 96 -h L C 5 0 d a ta B e n for EECs whi c h would result in LOC e x c eedan ce s for LC50 data ar e als o pr ovide d Mea n Lower U Prop orti on Po int Est i ma te of LC5 0 (pp b ) Benchmar k Concentration* (ppb ) Po int Est i ma te of LC5 0 (pp b ) Benchmar k Concentration* (ppb ) Po int Est i ma te of LC5 0 (pp b ) 0. 05 49 9 25 341 17 717 0. 10 74 8 37 512 26 1, 080 0. 20 1, 22 1 61 838 42 1, 774 0. 25 1, 47 1 74 1, 010 51 2, 142 0. 30 1, 73 9 87 1, 196 60 2, 539 0. 40 2, 35 2 118 1, 620 81 3, 446 0. 50 3, 11 8 156 2, 150 107 4, 584 0. 60 4, 13 3 207 2, 854 143 6, 097 0. 70 5, 59 0 279 3, 865 193 8, 277 0. 75 6, 61 4 331 4, 576 229 9, 813 0. 80 7, 96 6 398 5, 517 276 11, 847 0. 90 1 3 ,006 650 9, 028 451 19, 457 0. 95 1 9 ,487 974 13, 5 53 678 29, 300 *LC50 x acute listed LOC. Units in ug/L. Re prese n ts E E C requi red to e x ce ed L O C. Page 188 of 602

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Table F. 6. Su mmar y of 48-hour and 96 h o ur E C 50 data for effects of ca rbar yl on freshwater inverte b rates. Data are from EFED 's data ba se o f ecotox i cit y da ta Com m on Nam e Species Nam e Mea n EC5 0 (ppb ) Mea n Lo g 10 EC50 Lower Co nfide nce EC50 Lo we r Log 10 EC50 Upper Co nfide nce EC50 Uppe r Log 10 EC50 Test Subs tan ce (% a i ) Dur a ti o n of exposur e (h ) MRI D /Acce ssion Sowbu g Asellus brevica u dus 28 0 2. 44 7 21 4 2. 33 0 36 7 2. 56 5 99 .5 96 4 009 8 001 Stone fl y C l aasse nia sabul o sa 5. 6 0. 74 8 3. 9 0. 59 1 8. 7 0. 94 0 99 .5 96 4 009 8 001 Water flea Da p hni a ma g na 7. 2 0. 85 7 6. 33 0. 80 1 8. 37 0. 92 3 81 .5 48 4 239 7 903 Water flea Da p hni a ma g na 5. 6 0. 74 8 2. 7 0. 43 1 12 1. 07 9 99 .5 48 4 009 8 001 Water flea Da p hni a pulex 6. 4 0. 80 6 NR NA NR NA 99 .5 48 4 009 8 001 Scud Ga m m ar us fasciatus 26 1. 41 5 16 1. 20 4 39 1. 59 1 99 .5 96 4 009 8 001 Scud Ga m m ar us lacustris 16 1. 20 4 12 1. 07 9 19 1. 27 9 Tech 96 0 500 9 242 Scud Ga m m ar us pse u d o lim na eus 8 0. 90 3 4. 9 0. 69 0 13 1. 11 4 99 .5 48 4 009 8 001 Stone fl y Iso g e nus s p 3. 6 0. 55 6 2. 4 0. 38 0 5. 5 0. 74 0 99 .5 96 4 009 8 001 Cr ayf i s h Proc am b a r u s sp. 1. 9 0. 27 9 1. 1 0. 04 1 3. 1 0. 49 1 99 .5 96 4 009 8 001 Stone fl y Pteronarcell a ba dia 1. 7 0. 23 0 1. 4 0. 14 6 2. 4 0. 38 0 99 .5 96 4 009 8 001 Water flea S i mo cepha l us serrulat u s 7. 6 0. 88 1 6. 2 0. 79 2 9. 4 0. 97 3 99 .5 48 4 009 8 001 NR = not re por t ed, NA = not applicabl e Table F.7. Spe cies values fo r EC50 (me a n and up per an d lower c o nfidence inter v als). Com m o n Na me Species Name Lo g10 Mea n Lo g10 Lower Lo g10 Upper Sowbug Asellus brevicaudus 2. 44 7 2. 33 0 2. 56 5 Stone fly Cla a ssen i a sabu lo sa 0. 74 8 0. 59 1 0. 94 0 Water flea Daph n i a magna 0. 80 3 0. 61 6 1. 00 1 Water flea Da p hni a pulex 1. 11 1 NR NR Page 189 of 602

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Scud Gammar us lac u stris 1. 20 4 1. 07 9 1. 3 Scud Ga m m ar us pse u d o lim nae us 0. 90 3 0. 69 0 1. 1 Stone fly Iso g e nus s p 0. 55 6 0. 38 0 0. 7 Cr ayf i sh Proc am b a r u s s p 0. 25 5 0. 09 4 0. 4 Water flea Simocephalus serrulat u s 0. 88 1 0. 79 2 1. 0 Table F. 8. Ge nus value s for EC50 (m e a n and upper and lower c o nfidence intervals). Com m o n Na me Genus Name Lo g10 Mea n Mea n EC50 Lo g10 lower lo we r EC5 0 Lo g 10 Uppe r Uppe r EC50 Ra n k on curv e sow b ug Asellus 2. 44 7 2 28 0. 0 2. 33 0 4 21 4. 0 2. 56 4 7 36 7. 0 1. 00 stone fly C l aasse nia 0. 74 8 2 5. 6 0. 59 1 1 3. 9 0. 93 9 5 8. 7 0. 33 water flea Da p hni a 0. 95 6 7 9. 1 0. 61 6 4 4. 1 1. 00 1 0 10 .0 0. 67 scud Ga m m ar us 1. 05 3 6 11 .3 0. 88 4 7 7. 7 1. 19 6 3 15 .7 0. 83 stone fly Iso g e nus 0. 55 6 3 3. 6 0. 38 0 2 2. 4 0. 74 0 4 5. 5 0. 17 crayfish Proc am b a r u s 0. 25 4 6 1. 8 0. 09 3 8 1. 2 0. 43 5 8 2. 7 0. 00 water flea S i mo cepha lu s 0. 88 0 8 7. 6 0. 79 2 4 6. 2 0. 97 3 1 9. 4 0. 50 Genus Mean for All: 0. 98 5 3 46 0. 81 2 7 34 1. 12 1 5 60 Genus Standard Deviation for all: 0. 69 8 5 10 3 0. 71 8 9 79 0. 67 9 9 13 5 Table F. 9. Cal c ulati o n of se nsitivity distri butio n curve for inverte b rate s expose d to carbaryl. M e an E C 50 Lo wer EC5 0 Prop orti on Z P Lo g10 point Point Estima te (ppb ) Lo g10 po int Po int Est i ma te (ppb ) Lo g1 0. 05 1 .645 0 .164 0. 7 0 .370 0. 4 0 0. 10 1 .282 0. 09 0 1. 2 0 .109 0. 8 0 0. 20 0 .842 0. 39 7 2. 5 0. 20 7 1. 6 0 0. 25 0 .675 0. 51 4 3. 3 0. 32 8 2. 1 0 0. 30 0 .524 0. 61 9 4. 2 0. 43 6 2. 7 0 0. 40 0 .253 0. 80 9 6. 4 0. 63 1 4. 3 0 0. 50 0 0. 98 5 9. 7 0. 81 3 6. 5 1 Page 190 of 602

PAGE 191

0. 60 0. 25 3 1. 16 2 14 .5 0. 99 5 9. 9 1 0. 70 0. 52 4 1. 35 1 22 .5 1. 18 9 15 .5 1 0. 75 0. 67 5 1. 45 7 28 .6 1. 29 8 19 .9 1 0. 80 0. 84 2 1. 57 3 37 .5 1. 41 8 26 .2 1 0. 90 1. 28 2 1. 88 1 76 .0 1. 73 4 54 .2 1 0. 95 1. 64 5 2. 13 4 13 6. 3 1. 99 5 98 .9 2 Z P = (L o g 1 0 L C 50 i nve rteb r a te m ean GM AV )/(in v e r tebr ate std GM A V ) Table F. 10. Se nsitivity distri bution for invertebr a tes exposed to c a rbar yl b a sed on m e an an d c o nfi d ence intervals of EC50 data. Benchmar k c o nce n tr ations for EECs which would resul t i n LOC e x ceedances for EC50 d a ta ar e als o pr ovide d Mea n Lower Upper Prop orti on Point Estima te of E C 50 (ppb ) Benchmar k Concentration* (ppb ) Point Estima te of E C 50 (ppb ) Benchmar k Concentration* (ppb ) Point Estima te of E C 50 (ppb ) Benchmar k Concentration* (ppb ) 0. 05 0. 69 0. 03 0. 43 0. 02 1. 01 0. 05 0. 10 1. 23 0. 06 0. 78 0. 04 1. 78 0. 09 0. 20 2. 50 0. 12 1. 61 0. 08 3. 54 0. 18 0. 25 3. 27 0. 16 2. 13 0. 11 4. 60 0. 23 0. 30 4. 16 0. 21 2. 73 0. 14 5. 82 0. 29 0. 40 6. 44 0. 32 4. 27 0. 21 8. 90 0. 45 0. 50 9. 67 0. 48 6. 50 0. 32 13 .2 3 0. 66 0. 60 14 .5 2 0. 73 9. 88 0. 49 19 .6 6 0. 98 0. 70 22 .4 6 1. 12 15. 4 7 0. 77 30 .0 5 1. 50 0. 75 28 .6 3 1. 43 19. 8 6 0. 99 38 .0 6 1. 90 0. 80 37 .4 5 1. 87 26. 1 8 1. 31 49 .4 3 2. 47 Page 191 of 602

PAGE 192

0. 90 76 .0 0 3. 80 54. 2 4 2. 71 98 .4 4 4. 92 0. 95 13 6. 2 7 6. 81 98. 9 1 4. 95 17 3. 7 6 8. 69 *EC50 x acute listed LOC. Units in ug/L. Re prese n ts E E C requi red to e x ce ed L O C. Page 192 of 602

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Appendix G. The Risk Quotient Method and Levels of Concern. The Risk Quotient Method is the m eans us ed by EFED to integr ate the results of exposure and ecotoxicity data. For this m e t hod, Risk Quotients (R Qs) are calculated by dividing exposure estim a tes by the acute and chronic ecotoxicity va lues (i.e., RQ = EXPOSURE/TOXICITY). These RQs are th en com p ared to OPP' s levels of co ncern (LOCs). These LOCs are criteria used by OPP to indicate potential risk to non-target organism s and the need to c onsider regulatory action. EFED has defined LOCs for acute risk, potential res t ricted use clas sifi cation, and for endangered species. The criteria indicate that a pe sticid e used as d i rected has the potential to cause adv e rse effects on non-target organism s. LOCs current ly address the following risk presum ption catego r ies : (1) acu te there is a p o tential f o r acute risk; regulatory action m a y be warranted in addition to restricted use class i ficatio n; (2) ac ute re stricted use the poten tial f o r acu te risk is h i gh but th is m a y be m itig ated through restricted use classification; (3) acute en dangered sp ecies the p o tential for acute risk to endangered species is high, regulatory action m a y be warranted; and (4) chron i c risk the potential f o r chroni c risk is high, regulatory action m a y be warranted. Currently, E F ED does not perform assessm ents for chronic risk to plan ts, acu te or chronic risks to non-target insects, or chroni c risk from granular/b ait formulations to m a m m a lian or avian sp e c ies. The ecotoxicity test values (i.e., m easurem ent endpoints) used in the acute and chronic RQs are derived from required studies. Exam ples of ecotoxicity values derived from short-term laboratory studies that a ssess acute effects are: (1) LC50 (fish and birds), (2) LD50 (birds and mammals), (3) EC50 (aquatic plants and aquatic invertebra te s), and (4) EC25 (terre strial p l an ts). Exam ples of toxicity test effect levels derived from the results of long-term laborat ory studies that assess chronic effects are: (1) the Lo west Observed Adverse Effect Concentration (LOAEC) ( b irds, fish, and aquatic inv e rteb rates), and (2) the No Observed Adv e rse Effect Concentration (NOAEC) (birds, fish and aqua tic invertebrates). The NOAEC is generally used as th e ecotoxicity test value in a ssessing chronic effects. Risk presum ptions, along with the corresponding RQs and LOCs are summarized in Table G-1. Page 193 of 602

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Table G-1. Agency risk quotient (RQ) metric s and levels of concern (LOC) per risk c l ass. Risk Class Risk De scrip t ion RQ LOC Aquatic Animals (fish and invertebrates) Acute Potential for effects to non-listed anim als fro m acute exposures Peak EEC/LC 50 1 0.5 Acute Restrict ed Us e Potential for effects to animals fro m acute exposures Risks m a y be m itigated through restricted use classifi cation Peak EEC/LC 50 1 0.1 Acute Listed Species Listed specie s m a y be pote n tially affecte d by acute exposures Peak EEC/LC 50 1 0.05 Chronic Potential for effects to non-listed and listed animals from chronic exposures 60-da y EEC/ NOEC (fish) 21-da y EEC/ NOEC (invertebrates) 1 Terr est rial Animals ( m ammals and b i rds) Acute Potential for effects to non-listed anim als fro m acute exposures EEC 2 /LC 50 ( D ietary ) EEC/LD 50 (D ose) 0.5 Acute Restrict ed Us e Potential for effects to animals fro m acute exposures Risks m a y be m itigated through restricted use classifi cation EEC 2 /LC 50 ( D ietary ) EEC/LD 50 (Dose) 0.2 Acute Listed Species Listed specie s m a y be pote n tially affecte d by acute exposures EEC 2 /LC 50 ( D ietary ) EEC/LD 50 (Dose) 0.1 Chronic Potential for effects to non-listed and listed animals from chronic exposures EEC 2 /NOAEC 1 Plants Non-Listed Potential for effects to non-target, non-li sted plants from exposures EEC/ EC 25 1 Listed Plant Potential for effects to non-target, listed plants from exposures EEC/ NOEC EEC/ EC 05 1 1 LC 50 or EC 50 2 Based on upper bound Kenaga values. Page 194 of 602

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Appendix H. List of citations accept ed and rejected by ECOTOX criteria. The citation s in th is a ppe ndix were accepted by ECOTOX. Citations include the ECOTOX Reference nu mber. References in section H.1 tho s e relevan t to carbaryl w h ich were accep table in ECOTOX. References in s e c tion H.2 were those relevant to carb aryl which were not cited within the risk assessm en t. References in section H.3 those relevant to degred ate s of carbary l which wer e cited with in this r i sk assessm ent. Ref e rences in section H.4 were those relevant to degredates of carbary l which were not cited with in the risk assessment. In order to be included in the ECOTOX dat a base, papers m u st m eet the f o llowing m i nim u m criteria : (1) the toxic effects are related to single chem ical exposure; (2) the tox i c effects are on an aquatic or terr estria l plant or an im al spec ies; (3) there is a b i ological effect on live, whole organism s; (4) a concurren t environm ental chem ical concen tration / dose or application rate is reported; and (5) there is an explicit duration of exposure. Section H.5 includes the list of exclus ion term s and descrip tio ns for citatio n s not accep ted by ECOTOX. For carbaryl, there were 2,116 references that were not accepted by ECOTOX for one or more of the reasons in cluded in s ection H.5. A f u ll list of the citations rev i ewed and rejected by the crit er ia f o r ECOTOX is listed in s e c tion H.6. H.1. ECOTOX accepted references, relev a nt to carbaryl, contain e d more sensitiv e endpoints than those cited in the IRED 6797 May e r FL Jr .;Ellersieck MR; (19 86) Manual of A c ut e Toxicity : In terpretation and Data B a se for 41 0 Chemicals and 6 6 Species of Fres hwater Animals "Resour Publ No 160, U S Dep I n terior Fish W ildl Serv Washington, DC (): 505 p (USGS Data File)-". 17138 Brooke LT; (199 1) "Results of Freshwater Exposures with the Chemicals Atrazin e Biphen y l, Butachlor, Carbar y l C a rbazole, Dib e nzofur an, 3 3 -Dich l oro b enzid i ne, Dich lorvos, 1,2Epox y e th y l b e nzen e (Sty ren e Oxide), Isophor. "Ctr for Lake S uperior Environ Stud 15683 Zaga A;Li ttl e E E ;Rab eni CF ; E ll ers i eck M R ; (19 98) P hotoenhan c ed Tox i ci t y of a Carbam ate Ins e c ticid e to Early Lif e Stage Anuran Amphibians. Env i ron To xicol Chem 17(1 2 ): 2543-2553. 11521 Khangarot BS;S ehgal A;Bhasin MK; (1985) M an and B i osphere' Studies on the Sikkim Himala yas. Part 6: Toxicity of Selected Pesticides to Frog Tadpo le Rana h e xad act yl a (L esson). Acta H y dro c him H y drobiol 47680 Boone MD;Brid g es CM; (1999) The Effe ct o f Temperature on th e Potency of C a rb ar y l for Survival of Tadpoles of the Green Frog (R an a clamitan s). En viron Tox i col C h em 18(7): 1482 -1484. 72411 Bridges CM;Dwy er FJ;Hardesty DK;Whites DW; ( 2002) Compar ativ e Contaminant Tox i city : Ar e Amphibian Larv ae More Sensitiv e th an Fish ? Bull Env i ron Contam Toxicol 69(4) : 562-569. Page 195 of 602

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81455 Boone MD;James SM; (2003) "In t erac tions of an I n secticide, Herb ic ide, and Natural Stressors in Amphibian Community Mesocosms". Ecol A ppl 13(3): 829-8 41. 13800 Peterson HG;Bo utin C;Martin PA;Freemark KE;Rueck er NJ;Mood y MJ; (1994) Aquatic Ph y t o-Toxicity of 23 Pesticides Ap plied at Exp ect ed Environmental Concen trations. Aquat Tox i col 2 8 (3/4): 275-292 H.2. ECOTOX accepted references relevan t to carbary l, n o t utilized o r cited within this risk assessm ent since endpoints were less sensitive than existing data. 1. Ab basi, S. A. a n d S oni, R (1 9 9 1 ) Stu d ies on the E n viro nm ental Im pact of Th ree C o m m o n Pesticides with R e s p ect t o T o xicity To war d s a Lar v iv ore (C han n elfi sh N. de nric us) J.Inst.Public Health Eng.(India) 2 : 812 EcoRefe r ence No.: 13414 C h em ical of C once r n: ES,C B L ; Ha bitat : A; Ef fect Codes : BEH,MOR; Rej ectio n Code : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL),OK(ES ) 2. Ab del-R a hm an, M S ., Lech ne r, D. W. a n d Klein, K. M ( 1 9 8 5 ) C o m b in ation E ffect o f C a rba r y l an d Malathion i n R a ts. Arc h .E nvi r on .C o n ta m. To xicol. 14 : 45 9-4 6 4 EcoRefe r ence No.: 35543 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L M LN; Habitat : T; E ffect C o des : BCM; Rej ection Code : LITE EVA L CO DE D(M L N,CBL ). 3 Agn e llo A. M., Sp ang l er, S. M., Reissig W. H ., Lawson D. S., and Weir es, R W. ( 1992 ). Season al Devel opm ent a n d M a na gem e nt Strate gies f o r C o m s tock M ealy bug ( H om opte r a: Pseudococci da e) in Ne w York Pea r Orc h a r ds. J.Econ .En t omo l 85 : 2 1222 5. EcoRefe r ence No.: 73713 C h em ical of C once r n: M O M C P Y,C B L ,M P AZ,E S,RSM E F V,M V P; Ha bitat : T; Effect C odes : POP,MOR; Rej ection C ode : OK(MOM) TARGET( RSM). 4. Ahdaya, S. M Sha h P. V., a n d Guthrie, F. E. ( 1 97 6 ) T h e r m o regula tion in Mice Treated with Parathi o n, Car b aryl, or D D T T o xicol.A p pl. P h a rm ac ol. 3 5 : 5 75580 EcoRefe r ence No.: 35005 C h em ical of C once r n: PR N C B L,D D T; Ha b itat : T; Effect Codes : PHY,MOR,BCM; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V AL CODED(CB L),OK(ALL C H EMS). 5 Ah m a d M., Ho llin gwor th, R. M., and W i se, J. C. ( 2002 ) B r o a d Sp ect r u m In secticid e Resistan ce in Oblique bande d Leafroller _C hori stoneura rosaceana (Lepi d op tera: Tortri cidae) from Michigan. P e s t Ma na g. Sci. 58 : 834 -83 8 EcoRefe r ence No.: 70966 C h em ical of C once r n: IDC,CF P,EM M B ,M FZ,TU Z ,BFT,ZC Y P, A Z ,CPY ,PSM ,C YP, D M E F V E S ,TDC ,M OM CBL, SS; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : M O R ; R e jection C ode : LITE EVAL CODE D( AZ ,I DC,CFP ,EM M B ,M FZ,T UZ,B FT,ZC Y P,CP Y,P S M CY P, D M ,EFV ,ES, TD C,M OM,CBL,SS) 6. Ahm a d, M an d M c C a f f ery A. R ( 1 99 1 ) Elucidatio n of Deto xication M echanism s In vol ved in Resistance to Insecticides i n t h e T h ird Insta r Larvae of a Fi eld-Selected St rain of Helicoverpa Page 196 of 602

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arm i gera with t h e Use of Synergists. Pestic.Biochem.Physi ol. 41: 4 1 5 2. EcoRefe r ence No.: 74894 C h em ical of C once r n: PPB ,C YP, F N V D DT, C B L ; Ha bitat : T; E ffect Codes : M O R; Rej ectio n Code : N O M I XT URE(P P B), T A R GET(C Y P ) 7. Ah re ns, W. H (1 9 9 0 ) En ha n c em ent of S o y b ean ( G ly cine m a x) I n ju ry a n d Weed C o ntr o l by Thifensulfuron-Insec ticide Mi xtures. Wee d Technol. 4: 5 2 4 5 28 EcoRefe r ence No.: 68422 User De fine 2: WA SH ,CAL F, SENT C h em ical of C once r n: C P Y C B L,M O M M L N; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : P HY; Re jection C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( M O M ) 8. Akay, M T ., O z m e n, G ., a n d Elcum a n, E. A. (1 999 ) Eff ects of Co m b in atio n s of Endo su lf an, Dim e thoate a n d C a r b a r y l o n I m m une an d He m a tological Pa ram e ters of R a ts. Vet. Hu m. To xico l. 4 1 : 29 6-2 99. EcoRefe r ence No.: 75053 C h em ical of C once r n: ES, D M T ,C B L ; Ha b itat : T; Effect Codes : CEL; Rej ection Code : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL,DMT),OK(ES ). 9. Akberali, H. B., Truem a n, E. R., Black, J. E., and Hewitt, C. (1 982). The R e sponses of t h e Estuarine Bivalve Moll usc Scrobiculari a to the First Hydr olytic Product of t h e Insecticide Sevi n. Estuar.Coast.Shelf Sci. 15 : 4 1 5 42 1. EcoRefe r ence No.: 12316 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : B E H,M O R,PHY; Rej ectio n Cod e : LITE EVAL C ODE D (CBL). 10. Alm a r, M M ., Ferra ndo, M M D. Alarc o n, V ., Sole r, C. and A n dre u E. ( 1 988). I n fl ue nce of Tem p erature on Se ve ral Pestic ides Toxicity to Melanopsis du f o u r i U n der Lab o rato ry Conditions. J Environ.Biol. 9: 1 83190 EcoRefe r ence No.: 12863 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : HCC H ,TCF,TBC,ES,CBL; Hab itat : A; Effect Codes : M O R; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V AL CODED(CB L),OK(ALL C H EMS). 1 1 Anbu R. B. and Ram a swa m y M. ( 199 1) Ad ap tiv e Ch anges in Resp ir ator y Mov e m e n t s o f an AirBreathing Fis h Cha n na striat us (Bleeker) E x pose d t o Carba m ate Pesticide, Se vin. J. Ec obi ol. 3 : 1116 EcoRefe r ence No.: 7529 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : B E H; Rejecti o n Code : L I TE EV A L CODE D(CBL ) 12. Andr eu-M oliner, E S ., Alm a r, M M ., Lega rra, I ., a n d Nunez, A ( 1986). Toxicity of Some Ricefield Pesticides to t h e Crayfish P. c l arkii, Un der L a bo rato ry an d Field C o n d itions i n La ke Alb u fe ra (Sp a in) J. En vir o n. S c i.H e alth Part B 21: 5 2 9 5 37 EcoRefe r ence No.: 12517 C h em ical of C once r n: C u S C Y F,M L T C B F F NT,M L N T C F ,CBL,ES HC CH; H a bitat : A; Effect C ode s : MOR; Rej ection C ode : LI TE EVAL CODED( CBL,CBF,C YF),NO M I XT URE(M LT), N O E N D P OI NT(C uS ), O K (F NT ,M LN T CD,E S, HCCH). 1 3 Ang e r W. K. an d W ilso n S. M. (19 8 0 ) Ef fects o f Carb ar y l o n Var i ab le In terv al Response Rates in Page 197 of 602

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Rats. N e ur o b e hav .T oxicol. 2: 2 1 2 4. EcoRefe r ence No.: 87855 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : B E H; Rejecti o n Code : L I TE EV A L CODE D(CBL ) 14. Arm s trong, D. A. and Mille mann R. E. (1974). Effects of the Ins ecticide Carbaryl on Cla m s and Som e Other Intertidal Mud Flat Ani m als. J.Fish.R es.Boar d C a n. 31: 4 6 6 47 0 ( A ut ho r C o m m unicatio n Used ). EcoRefe r ence No.: 7901 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : POP; Rej ection Code : L I TE EV A L CODE D(CBL ) 15. Arm s trong, D. A. and Mille mann, R. E. (1974). Effects of the Insecticide Sevin and its First Hydrolytic Product, 1-Naphthol, on Som e Ea rly Developmental Stages of the Bay M u ssel Mytilus edulis. NOAA-75 062 40 8, Repo rt No.ORES U R 7 4 0 22: 5 p (NTI S COM -75 10 967 Rep r in ted fro m Mar. Biol. 28( 1) :1 11 5 28: 11, 15 ( U .S Ntis Com 75-10967) EcoRefe r ence No.: 5958 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : GRO; Rej ection Code : L I TE EV A L CODE D (CBL ). 16. Arm s trong, D. A. and Mille ma nn, R. E. (1974). Pat hol ogy of Ac ute Poisoning with t h e Insecticide Sevin in t h e B e ntN ose d C l am M acom a nasu ta. J.Inverte br.Pathol. 24 : 201 -21 2 EcoRefe r ence No.: 5670 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : C EL,P HY; R e je ction C ode : LITE EVAL CODED( CBL) 17. Ar unachalam S., Jeyala kshm i, K. a n d A boobu c k er, S. (1980). Toxic a n d Sublethal E ffe cts of Carba r yl on a Fres hwate r Catfis h, Mystus vi ttatus (Bloch). Arch .E nviro n C ont am .T oxico l 9: 3 07316 EcoRefe r ence No.: 499 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : M O R,GR O,B E H; Rejecti o n Code : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL). 1 8 Aru n ach alam S. an d Palan i ch am y, S. (1 982) Sub l eth a l Ef fects o f Carb ar y l o n Su rf acing Beh a v i o u r and Food Utilization in the Air-Breathi ng Fi sh, Macropodus cupanus. Physiol.Behav. 29 : 23 27 EcoRefe r ence No.: 15589 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : GRO,MOR,BEH; Rej ection C o d e : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL). 19. Arunachalam S., Palanicham y, S., and Bala subram an ian, M P. ( 1 9 8 5 ). Su blethal E ffe cts of C a r b ary l on Food Utilization and Oxy g en Consum pti o n in t h e Air-B reathing Fish, Channa punctatus (B loch ). J.E n v i ron.Biol. 6: 27 92 8 6 EcoRefe r ence No.: 11126 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : G R O,B E H; R e je ction C ode : LITE EVAL CODED( CBL) 20 Atallah, Y. H. and Is ha k, M M ( 1 9 7 1 ). T o xic ity of Som e C o m m only Used Insecticides to the Snail Biom phalaria alexandri n a, Int e rm ediate Ho st o f Sc histos om a m a nsoni in E g y p t. Page 198 of 602

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Z.A ngew Ent o mol. 69 : 1 0210 6. EcoRefe r ence No.: 6332 C h em ical of C once r n: D D T, M P ,C B L ; Ha b itat : A; Ef fect Codes : M O R,PHY; Rej ection C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( CBL),O K ( D D T ,M P). 21. Atiri, G. I., I vbijar o M F. a n d Oladele, A. D. (1 9 9 1 ) Ef fe cts of Nat u ral a n d Sy nt hetic C h em icals on the Incide nce a n d Se verity of Okra M o saic Vir u s in O k ra. Trop.Agric 68 : 178 -18 0 EcoRefe r ence No.: 75423 C h em ical of C once r n: DM T AZD C B L ,LC Y T,C Y P; Ha b itat : T; Effect Codes : P HY; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V A L CO DED ( AZ D), O K(CBL, L CYT) ,N O M I XTUR E( DM T, CYP) 22. Attia, A. M., Reiter, R. J., Nona ka, K. O., M o stafa, M. H., Solim an, S. A., and El -Sebae, A. H. (1991). C a rba r y l -I nd uc ed C h an ges i n In d o leam ine S y nthe sis in the Pineal Gla n d a n d Its Effects on Nightti m e Serum Me latonin C oncentrations. Toxicol ogy 65 : 30 5-3 1 4 EcoRefe r ence No.: 87551 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : PHY,BCM; Rejection C ode : LITE EVAL CODED( CBL) 23. Attia, A. M., Reiter, R. J., W ithyachum narnkul, B., Mostafa, M. H. Soliman, S. A., and El-Sebae, A. K. H. ( 1 9 9 1 ) C h r onic A d m i nistration o f S ubl ethal Doses of Carbaryl Increases Pineal NAcetyltransferase and Hydrox yindole-O-M e thyltransferase Activities and Serum Mela t oni n Levels. J.Pi ne al Res. 10 : 4 9 -5 4. EcoRefe r ence No.: 88396 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : B C M; Rej ection Code : L I TE EVAL CODE D(CBL ) 24. Attia, F. I. and Frecker, T. (1984). Cross-Re sistance Spectrum and Sy nergi s m Studies in Org a n oph o s pho ru sResistan t Str a in s of Or yzae philu s s u ri na m e nsis (L. ) (C oleo ptera: C u cu gidae ) i n Aust ralia J E c on .E nto m ol. 77 : 136 7-1 370 EcoRefe r ence No.: 71393 C h em ical of C once r n: R S M C B L ,DD T H C C H; H a bitat : T; Effect Codes : MOR; Rejection C ode : TAR G ET(RSM). 25 B a bcoc k, J. M an d Ta nig o s h i, L. K ( 1 98 8 ) R e sistance Le v e ls of Ty p h lo d r om us occi dent alis (Aca ri: Phy t oseiidae ) f r om Washi ngt on A p ple O r c h ards to Ten Pes ticides. Ex p.A ppl. A car o l. 4: 15 1 15 7. EcoRefe r ence No.: 74105 User De fine 2: WA SHT C h em ical of C once r n: C H X, FTT,P P G AZ D Z,M O M C B L ,FN V E S,M D T; Ha bitat : T; Effect C ode s : MOR; Rej ection C ode : O K 2 6 Bailey, H. C. an d Liu, D. H. W. ( 1 9 8 0 ). L u m b riculus va ri egatus a Be nthic Oligoc haete, as a Bioa ssay Or ga nism In: J.C Eat o n P R Parris h a n d A.C He n d ricks ( E ds.) Aq uatic Toxic o lo gy an d Haz a r d A ssess ment, 3 r d Sy m posi u m A S T M STP 7 0 7 P h ila delp hia, PA 205 -21 5 EcoRefe r ence No.: 6502 Chem ical of C once r n: D D T, 24D X Y ,T NT,M LN, H g,Z n ,C uS ,Cr,P b ,C d,C H D,CBL,M XC; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR; Rej ection C ode : LIT E EVA L CO DE D(CBL,C uS ,O W TRV-C u ),OK(ALL C H EMS ) Page 199 of 602

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27. Bansal, S K., Verm a, S. R. Gupta, A. K ., a n d Dalela, R C. (1980). Pred icting Long-Term Toxicity by Subacute Screening of Pesticid es with La rva e and Ea rly Ju veniles of F o u r Species o f Fres hwate r Ma jor Ca rp. Ec ot oxicol.E nvir on .S af. 4 : 224 -231 EcoRefe r ence No.: 8293 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ,C HD; Ha bitat : A; E ffect C o des : M O R ; R e jection C ode : LITE EVAL CODED( CBL) OK( CHD) 28. Bansal, S K., Verm a, S. R. Gupta, A. K ., Ra ni, S ., a n d D a lela, R. C. ( 197 9) Pesticid e-In du ced Alterations in the Oxy g en Upt a ke Rate of a Freshwater Major Carp La beo rohita. Ecotoxic ol.E nv iron .S af. 3: 37 43 8 2 EcoRefe r ence No.: 5362 C h em ical of C once r n: C H D, DEM C B L ; H a bitat : A; E f f ect Codes : PHY; Rej ection C ode : LITE EV AL C ODE D ( CBL), OK (CH D D E M ),N O C O C( OX D) 29 B a rah ona M V. a n d Sa nc he z-F o rtu n S. ( 1 99 9 ) T o xicity of C a r b am ates to the B r ine Sh rim p Artem i a salina an d t h e Effect of At ro p i ne, B W 2 8 4 c5 1, is oOM P A a n d 2 P A M on C a rba r y l To xic ity Environ.Pollut 104 : 469 -47 6 EcoRefe r ence No.: 20076 C h em ical of C once r n: A D C C B L ,OM L P P X ; Habitat : A ; Ef fect Codes : MOR; Rej ect io n C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( CBL,ADC ), O K ( O M L ,P PX ). 30 B a rlas, N. ( 19 94 ). The Ef f ect s of Com m ercial and Microorganism -Degraded Solutions o f Endo su lf an an d Carb ar yl on Alb i no Mice. T u rk.J .Z ool. 18: 2 2 1 22 6 EcoRefe r ence No.: 87623 C h em ical of C once r n: ES,C B L ; Ha bitat : T; Effect Codes : GR O,BCM; Rej ectio n Code : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL),OK(ES ) 31. Barry, M J. ( 1 999). T h e Ef fe cts of a Pe sticid e on I n duci b le Phe n oty p ic Plasticit y in Daphnia. Environ.Pollut 104 : 217 -22 4 EcoRefe r ence No.: 20074 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : GRO,REP,POP; Rej ection Code : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL). 32 B a rt, J. ( 1 9 7 9 ) Ef fects o f Ace phate a n d Se vi n on F o rest B i r d s. J.Wildl.Manag. 43 : 5 4454 9. EcoRefe r ence No.: 35750 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L A C P ; Ha bitat : T; E ffect Codes : POP,GR O; Rej ection C ode : LITE EVAL C ODE D(ACP C B L). 33 B a sak, P. K. a n d K o nar S K ( 1 97 6) T o xicity of Si x I n sec ticides to Fis h Ge obi os 3: 20 92 1 0 EcoRefe r ence No.: 5649 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : CBL,DMT,HCCH,DDT; Hab itat : A; Effect Codes : M O R; Rej ection C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( CBL,DM T ) O K ( H CCH, D DT ). 34. Basha, S. M ., Rao, K. S. P., Rao, K. R. S ., an d Rao, K. V. R. (19 83) Differential Toxicity of Malath io n BHC, and Car b ar yl to the Fres hwater Fish, Tilapia m o ssam b ica (Peters). Bull.Envir o n.C ont am .T oxicol. 31 : 543 -54 6 EcoRefe r ence No.: 10055 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : CBL,HCCH,MLN; Hab itat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR; Rej ection C ode : Page 200 of 602

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LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL),OK(ALL C H E M S). 35. Basha, S. M ., Rao, K. S. P., Rao, K. R. S S ., an d Rao, K. V. R. (19 84) Resp ir ator y Poten tials o f th e Fish (Tilapia m o ssa m b ica) Under Malathion, Carb ar yl an d Lind an e In to x i cation Bull.Envir o n.C ont am .T oxicol. 32 : 5 70574 EcoRefe r ence No.: 10380 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : CBL,HCCH,MLN; Hab itat : A; E ffect C odes : PHY,MOR; Rejection C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( CBL),O K ( H C C H,M L N ) 36 B a xen d ale, F. P., Shea rm an, R C ., a n d Wit, L. A. ( 1 9 8 8 ) An n u al White Gr ub C o ntr o l i n Kent ucky B l uegra ss, 1 9 8 7 Insectic.Ac a ric.Tests 1 3 : 33 0 (N o. 7 G ). EcoRefe r ence No.: 88813 C h em ical of C once r n: EP, D Z C B L ,C PY; H a bitat : T; Effe ct Codes : POP; Rej ection Code : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL,DZ),OK(EP ,CP Y ). 37 B a xen d ale, F. P., Shea rm an, R C ., a n d Wit, L. A. ( 1 9 8 8 ) C ontr o l of A n n u al White G r u b s i n K e nt ucky B l uegra ss, 1 9 8 7 Insectic.Ac a ric.Tests 1 3 : 33 1 (N O. 8 G ). EcoRefe r ence No.: 88814 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L D Z; Ha bitat : T; Effect Codes : PO P; R e je ction C ode : LITE EVAL CODED( CBL,DZ) 38. Beauvais, S. L., Jones, S. B. Parris, J. T., Brewer, S. K., and Little, E. E. (2001). Cholinergic and B e havi oral Ne ur oto x icity of C a rba r y l an d C a dm iu m to Lar v al R a in bo w T r o u t ( O nco r hy nch u s m y kiss). Ec ot oxicol.E nvir on .S af. 49: 8 4 9 0. EcoRefe r ence No.: 62051 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : Cd Cl,CBL; Hab itat : A; Effect Codes : BEH,BC M; Rej ectio n Co d e : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL),OK(CdCl). 39. Bellows, T. S. Jr. a n d M o rse J. G (1993). T oxic ity of Insecticides Used i n Citrus to Aphytis Melinus debac h ( H y m eno p tera: A p he linidae) a n d R h izo b ius lo pha nthae (B laisd. ) (C oleo ptera: Coccinellidae). Can.Entomol. 1 25: 9 8 7 99 4. EcoRefe r ence No.: 59334 Chem ical of C once r n: MOM,AZ,BF T ,EF V FPP,FVL CBL ,TDC,M VP,Na l ed,TCF; Ha bitat : T; Effect Codes : M O R ; R e jection C ode : OK (M OM ),T A R G E T (F VL ). 40. Benitez, E., Nogales, R., El vira, C., Masciandar o, G., a n d C eccanti, B. (199 9). Enzym e and Eart hworm Activities Duri ng Verm ico m posting of Ca rbaryl-Treated Sewage Sludge. J.E n viron.Qual. 28 : 10 9 9 1 10 4. EcoRefe r ence No.: 47469 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : GRO,REP,BEH,BCM; Rej ectio n C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( CBL). 41. Beyers, D. W. Farm er, M S., and Si koski, P J. (1 995 ) Ef fects o f Rang el and Ae rial Application of Sevin 4Oil o n Fish an d A qua tic In verte b rate Dri f t in t h e Lit tle Missouri Ri ver, North Dakota. Arch. E nvir on C ont am .T oxico l 28 : 2734 EcoRefe r ence No.: 14902 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : B C M POP; R e je ction C ode : LITE EVAL CODED( CBL) Page 201 of 602

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42. Beyers, D. W. Kee f e, T J ., a n d Carls o n, C. A. ( 199 4) To xicity o f Carb aryl an d Malath io n to Two Fede rally En da nge re d Fis h es, as Estim ated b y R e gressi on a n d A N O V A Environ.Toxic o l.Che m 13 : 10 1-1 0 7 EcoRefe r ence No.: 13270 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L M LN; Habitat : A; Effect Codes : GRO,MOR; Rej ection Code : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL),OK(MLN). 4 3 Beyer s D. W. an d Siko sk i, P. J. ( 199 4) Ac e t y l cholinestera se I nhi bition i n Fede rally En d a nge re d C o lora d o S q ua wfis h E x pose d to Carbaryl and Malathion. Environ.Toxic o l.Che m 13 : 93 5 93 9. EcoRefe r ence No.: 4444 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L M LN; Habitat : A; Effect Codes : PH Y; R e jection C ode : LITE EVA L CO DE D(CBL ),O K ( M L N). 44. Bhatia, H L. ( 1 971) T oxicit y of Som e Pesticides to Puntiu s ticto (Ham il ton). Sci.C u lt. 37: 1 6 0 16 1. EcoRefe r ence No.: 962 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : CBL,HCCH,MLN; Hab itat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR; Rej ection C ode : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL),OK(ALL C H E M S). 45. Bhattacharya, S. (1993). Target and Non-Ta rget Effects of Anticho linesterase Pesticides in Fish. Sci.Total Environ. ( S upp l.) : 85 9-8 7 6 EcoRefe r ence No.: 4311 C h em ical of C once r n: C B F ,C B L ; Ha bitat : A; E ffect C o des : BCM,MOR; Rej ection Code : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL),OK(CBF). 46. Bhava n P. S. a n d Ge raldi n e, P. ( 2 002). Ca r b aryl-Induced Alterations in B i ochem i cal M e tabolism of the Prawn, Macrobrac h ium malcol m s onii. J Environ.Biol. 23 : 157 -16 2 EcoRefe r ence No.: 66392 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : B C M; Rej ection Code : L I TE EVAL CODE D(CBL ) 47. Bhunia, A. K ., M a rik, R ., a n d Baner j ee, S. K. (1 994 ) Bio c he m i cal Ef f ects o f Carb ar yl on Nitr og en Assim i lating E n zy m e s of C y ano b acteria N o s t oc m u scor um B u ll.Envir o n C ont am .T oxico l 52: 8 8 6 89 2. EcoRefe r ence No.: 13691 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : M O R,GR O,P HY; Re jection Code : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL). 48 B h u n y a S. P. and Sa ho o, S. N. ( 2 0 0 4 ) Ge not oxic Pote ntial of C a r b ary l i n the Pe rip h era l B l oo d Er yth r o c ytes of An ab as testud in eu s. Ind i an J.Fish. 51: 4 1 7 4 23 EcoRefe r ence No.: 86582 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : C EL; Rej ection Code : L I TE EV A L CODE D(CBL ) 49. Biediger, D L Baum ann, P. A., W e a v e r D. N. Chandler, J. M and M e r k le, M G ( 1992). Interacti ons Between Prim isul furon and Selected Soil-applie d Insecticides in C o rn (Zea ma ys ) Wee d Technol. 6: 8 0 7 8 12 EcoRefe r ence No.: 83929 Page 202 of 602

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Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : CPY,DZ,TB O ,CBL,CBF,DS,FNF; Hab itat : T; E ffect C odes : PH Y,P O P GR O; Rejection C ode : LITE E V AL C ODE D( DZ),OK(ALL C H EMS). 50 B i elecki, A. ( 1 98 7 ) T h e Ef fe ct of P hosc h lo r i ne, C a r b ato x a n d C o p p er Sul phate o n the D e velo pm ent of Eg gs a n d Hatc hin g of M i racidia in Fasciola hepatica L Zo ol.P ol. 3 4 : 20 9220 EcoRefe r ence No.: 87871 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ,C uS; Ha bitat : A; E ffect C o des : GR O,MOR; Rej ection Code : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL),OK(CuS). 51. Bierkens, J ., M aes, J. a n d Pla e tse, F. V ( 1998) D o seD e p ende nt In d u ction o f Heat S h o c k P r otein 70 Synthesis i n R a phi docelis subcapitata Follo wing Exp o s ur e to Dif f e r e n t Classes of Environm ental Pollutants. Environ.Pollut 1 01: 9 1 9 7. EcoRefe r ence No.: 19649 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : CBL,HCCH,PCP,Se,Zn ; Hab itat : A; E ffect C o des : PHY,POP; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V A L CO DED ( CB L,PCP) ,O K ( Zn,HCCH ,Se) 52. Bierkens, J ., M aes, J. a n d Va nde r Plaetse, F ( 1 99 8) Dos e D epe n dent I n d u ction o f Heat Sh ock Pr otein 70 Synt hesis in Raphidocelis subcapitata Fo llowi ng Exposure to Diffe re nt C l asses o f En viro nm ental. E n viro n. Poll ut. 10 1: 91 9 7 EcoRefe r ence No.: 19649 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : CBL,HCCH,PCP,Se; Hab itat : A; Effect C ode s : PHY,POP; Rejection C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( PCP), O K( ALL CHEM S ) 53. Binelli, A., Ricciardi, F., Ri va, C., and Provi ni, A. (2006). Ne w Evidences for Ol d Biomarkers: Effects of Several Xe nobi otics on ER OD and AChE Activ ities in Zebra Mu ssel (Dreissena poly m orp h a). C h em os phe re 62: 5 1 0 51 9. EcoRefe r ence No.: 88372 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ,C PY, D DT; Hab itat : A; Ef fect Codes : PHY; Rej ection Code : LITE EV AL C ODE D ( CBL), OK (CP Y DDT ). 5 4 Bish op B ., Graf iu s, E., Henry, P., Ror a g e n K. Maier R., Steh r, M., and Lin n M. (1 992) C o lor a do Potato Beetle C o n t ro l, 19 89 Insectic.Acari c.Tests 1 7 : 12 2124 (No. 6 4 E) EcoRefe r ence No.: 79785 C h em ical of C once r n: C P Y C B L,C Y H EF V, ADC ; Ha bitat : T; E ffect Codes : POP; Rej ectio n Code : LI TE EV AL COD E D( CBL, AD C, EFV) ,O K( ALL CH EMS) 55. Bogaerts, P., Bohatier, J., and Bonnem oy, F. (2001). Use of th e Ciliated Protozoan Tetrahym ena pyriform is for the Assessm ent of Toxicity and Quantitative St ructure-Activity Relationships of Xe n obi otics: C o m p ariso n with the Microtox Test. Ecot oxicol.E nvir on .S af. 4 9 : 29 3-30 1. EcoRefe r ence No.: 62033 C h em ical of C once r n: Hg,Cd,C u S Cr, Z n,M n ,Fe P b C o,Ni ,As CBL ,M LN, P RN, H CCH,DM ATZ D U ,PCP ,PL N a PCP ; Habitat : A; Effect C ode s : POP; Rej ection C ode : LIT E EVA L CO DE D(C u S) ,N O P U BL AS(PCP,NaPC P ),OK(ALL C H EMS). 56. Bogaerts, P., Bohatier, J., and Bonnem oy, F. (2001). Use of th e Ciliated Protozoan Tetrahym ena pyriform is for the Assessm ent of Toxicity and Quantitative St ructure-Activity Relationships of Xe n obi otics: C o m p ariso n with the Microtox Test. Ecot oxicol.E nvir on .S af. 4 9 : 29 3-30 1. EcoRefe r ence No.: 62033 Page 203 of 602

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C h em ical of C once r n: Hg,Cd,C u S Z n ,M n,Fe ,P b,C o N i,As ,CBL,Cr A C,M L N PR N HCCH ,DM A TZ,D u P L,M P ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : POP; Rej ection Code : L I TE EV A L CODE D(M L N CBL,AT Z ,CuS,Cr A C), N O P U BL AS(PCP,NaPCP) OK( A LL CHEM S) 5 7 Bo on e, M. D. an d Br idg e s, C M. ( 199 9) Th e E ffect of Te m p erature on t h e Po ten c y of Car b ar yl f o r Sur v i v al o f Ta dp oles of the Green Frog (Rana cla m itans). Environ.Toxic o l.Che m 18 : 14 82 1 484 EcoRefe r ence No.: 47680 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR; Rej ection C ode : LITE EVAL CODED( CBL) 5 8 Bo on e, M. D. an d Br idg e s, C M. ( 200 3) Ef fects of Ca rba r yl on Green Frog (Ra n a clam itans) Tadpoles: Timing of Exposure Versus Multiple Exposures. Envir o n.Toxicol.Che m 22 : 26 9 5 2 70 2. EcoRefe r ence No.: 71731 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : G R O,M O R ; R e jection C ode : LITE EVAL CODED( CBL) 59. Boone, M. D., Bridges, C. M. Fairchild, J. F., and L ittle, E. E. (2005). Multip le Sublet hal Chem icals Negatively Affect Tadpoles of th e Green Frog, Ra na clam itans. E n viron.Toxicol.C h em. 24 : 12 6 7 1 27 2. EcoRefe r ence No.: 84844 C h em ical of C once r n: N H N C B L ; Ha bitat : A; Effect Codes : GRO,MOR; Rej ection Code : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL),OK(NHN). 60 B o o n e, M D., B r idge s, C M an d R o the r m e l, B B ( 2 0 0 1 ). Gr o w th an d D e velo pm ent of Larval G r een Fr og s ( R an a cl a m itan s ) Exposed t o Mu ltip le Do ses o f an Insecticid e. Oec o logia 12 9 : 518 52 4. EcoRefe r ence No.: 82767 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : GRO,MOR,POP; Rej ectio n Cod e : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL). 6 1 Bo on e, M. D. an d Jam e s, S. M. (2 003 ) In ter acti ons of an Insecticide, Herb icide, and Nat u ral Stressors in Am phibia n C o m m unity Mesoc o sm s. Ecol.App l. 1 3 : 82 9841 EcoRefe r ence No.: 81455 C h em ical of C once r n: AT Z,C B L; Ha bitat : A; E ffect C o des : GR O,MOR,POP; Rej ection C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( CBL,ATZ ). 6 2 Bo on e, M. D. an d Sem l i t sch R. D. (20 02) In te ractions of an Insecticide with C o m p etit i o n and Pond Drying i n Am phibian Comm unities. Ec ol.A ppl. 1 2 : 30 7-3 16 EcoRefe r ence No.: 86020 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : G R O,M O R ; R e jection C ode : LITE D E V AL CODE D(CBL ) 6 3 Bo on e, M. D. an d Sem l i t sch R. D. (20 01) In te ractions of an Insecticid e with Larval Density and Predation in Experim e ntal Am phibian Com m unities. Conserv.Biol. 15 : 22 8-2 3 8 EcoRefe r ence No.: 86763 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : POP,GRO,MOR; Rej ection Code : Page 204 of 602

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LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL). 6 4 Bo on e, M. D. an d Sem l i t sch R. D. (20 03) In ter action s o f Bu llf ro g Tadpo le Pr ed ato r s an d an Insecticide: Predation Release and Facilitation. Oec o logia 137 : 610 -61 6 EcoRefe r ence No.: 82263 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : POP,GRO,MOR; Rej ection Code : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL). 65. Boone, M. D., Semlitsch R. D., Fairchild, J. F., and Rot h erm e l, B. B. (2004). Effect s of an Insecticide on Am phibia n s in La rge Scale Ex perim e ntal Po nds Ecol. A ppl. 14 : 6 85691 EcoRefe r ence No.: 86764 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR,GR O,POP,BCM; Rej e ctio n C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( CBL). 66. Bossard, R. L., Dry d en, M. W ., and Broce, A. B. ( 2002). Insecticide Susc eptibilities of C a t Fleas (Sip h ona ptera: Pulicidae ) f r o m Severa l Regions of the Uni t ed States. J.M e d.Entomol. 39 : 7 42746 EcoRefe r ence No.: 68605 Chem ical of C once r n: P Y T,P M R,CBL,M LN,P PB,CP Y ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : M O R; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V A L CO DED (C BL,M LN ), OK ( P YT, P M R ,CP Y ), N O M I XT URE( PP B). 67. Bowm an, J. S. and Bar r y, D. W. ( 1 992) C o ntr o l on Late Season Sweet C o rn with Fo liar Spr a ys, 19 90 In: A.K.Burditt,Jr.(Ed.) Insectic ide and Acaricide Tests, Volu me 17, Entomol.Soc.of Am., Lan ham, MD 10 1. EcoRefe r ence No.: 79278 C h em ical of C once r n: C Y H, FN V, PMR,CPY,MOM EFV,CBL; Hab itat : T; E ffect Codes : PH Y; R e jectio n C ode : LIT E EVAL CODE D(E F V),OK(ALL CHEM S). 6 8 Br and e nbu rg R. L. (1 985 ) Th e E ffect of Fi eld A p plications of I n secticides for Va riegat ed C u tworm Perid r om a sau c ia (H u bne r) ( N oct u idae: Le pid opte r a) C o n t rol on N o n-Ta rget Art h r o po d s in Alfalfa. J.K a n s .Ent om ol. Soc 58 : 437 -44 1 EcoRefe r ence No.: 63402 C h em ical of C once r n: C P Y C B L,M O M ; Ha bitat : T; Effec t Codes : POP; Rej ection C o de : OK 69. Brandenbur g R. L. a n d Hertl P. T. ( 1 988) C o n t ro l o f Japan e se Beetle Gr ub s on a Go lf Co ur se Fair way, 198 7. Insectic.Ac a ri c.Tests 1 3 : 33 1 ( N o 9G) EcoRefe r ence No.: 88811 C h em ical of C once r n: EP, D Z C B L ; Ha bitat : T; E ffect C o des : POP; R e jection C ode : OK (EP ) ,L ITE EVA L CO DE D( DZ,CBL ). 70 B r ehm e r, P. M an d A nde rs on R K. ( 1 9 9 2 ) Effects o f Ur b a n Pe sticide A pplicatio ns on Nestin g Success of Songbi rds Bull.E n viro n.C ont am .Toxic ol. 48: 3 5 2 35 9. EcoRefe r ence No.: 68895 C h em ical of C once r n: AC P C B L,DZ; Ha bitat : T; Effect Codes : BCM,REP; Rej ection C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( DZ,CBL ), OK ( A LL C H EM S ) 71 B r idge s, C M ( 1 9 9 9 ). Ef fect s o f a Pesticide o n Ta d pole A c tivity and Pre d ato r Av oida n ce B e ha vior Page 205 of 602

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J.Her p etol. 33 : 30 3-3 0 6 EcoRefe r ence No.: 62240 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : B E H; Rejecti o n Code : L I TE EV A L CODE D(CBL ) 7 2 Br id g e s, C. M. (2 000 ) Lo ng -Ter m Ef f ects of Pesticide Exposure at Va rious Li fe Sta g es of the So uthe rn Leo p a rd Fr o g (R ana sp he noce p hala). Arc h .E nviro n .C ont am .T oxicol. 39: 9 1 9 6. EcoRefe r ence No.: 47778 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR,GR O; R e j ection Code : LITE EVAL CODED( CBL) 73 B r idge s, C M ( 1 9 9 9 ). Pr edat or -Pr e y I n tera c tions B e twee n Tw o Am phi bian S p ecies: E f f ects of Insecticide Exposure A q uat .Ecol. 3 3 : 20 521 1. EcoRefe r ence No.: 59759 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : B E H; Rejecti o n Code : L I TE EV A L CODE D(CBL ) 74 B r idge s, C M ( 1 9 9 7 ). Ta dp o l e Swim m i ng Perf o r m a nce and Activity A f fected by Acut e Ex p o su re t o Su blethal Le ve ls of C a r b ary l Envir o n.Toxicol.Che m 16 : 19 35193 9. EcoRefe r ence No.: 18158 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : B E H; Rejecti o n Code : L I TE EV A L CODE D(CBL ) 75. Bridge s, C. M and B o one, M D ( 2 003). The I n teractive E ffects of UV-B an d Insecticide Exposure on Tad pole Su rvi v al, Gr o w th a n d Devel opm ent. Bi ol.Conserv 113 : 4954 EcoRefe r ence No.: 73007 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : POP,M O R,GRO; Rej ection C ode : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL). 76. Bridge s, C. M D w yer, F. J. Har d esty, D. K ., a n d Whites, D. W. (2002) Com p arative Contam inant Toxicity: Are Am phibian Larv ae M o re Sensitive than Fish? B u ll.Envir o n C o nta m .T oxic ol. 69: 5 6 2 56 9. EcoRefe r ence No.: 72411 C h em ical of C once r n: N P Y C B L ,C uS, P C P ,PM R ; Ha bitat : A; Effect Codes : M O R; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V A L CO DED ( CB L,CuS PCP ) O K( NP Y,PM R ) 77. Bridges, C. M. and Sem litsch, R. D. (2001). Genetic Variatio n in Insecticide Tole rance i n a Population of So ut her n Le opa r d F r o g s (R ana s p hen o ce p h ala): Im plications f o r Am phi bian C o nser vat i on. C opei a 1 : 713. EcoRefe r ence No.: 87654 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR,GR O; R e j ection Code : LITE EVAL CODED( CBL) 78. Bridge s, C. M. and Sem litsch, R. D. (2000). Variation in Pe stic ide Tolera nce of Ta dpoles Am ong a n d Wit h in Spe c ies o f R a ni dae a n d Patter n s o f A m phibian De cline. Co n s B io l 14 : 1 490 -14 9 9 EcoRefe r ence No.: 71881 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR,BEH,POP; Rej ection C o d e : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL). Page 206 of 602

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79 B r o d eri u s, S. J. Ka hl, M D., and H o glu n d M D. ( 1 99 5) Use of Joi n t T oxic R e s p on se to De fine the Prim ary M ode of To xic Actio n fo r Dive rse Industrial Orga nic Chem icals. Environ.Toxic o l.Che m 14 : 15 91160 5 (Au t h o r C o mm u n i c a tio n Used ) EcoRefe r ence No.: 15031 C h em ical of C once r n: A CR, DN T,PL,4 NP,2 CP,O PHP, PCP,C 8 OH N P,RT N,CP H, NA PH ,As BM N,CBL; Ha bitat : A; E ffect C o des : M O R ; R e jection C ode : LITE EVAL CODE D(CBL N A P H RTN P C P), O K ( ACR, DNT ,PL 4NP 2CP, DP HP, N P CPH, AS ,BM N ), N O PUB AS (C8O H). 80. Brooke L T. ( 1 991) Res u lts of Fres hwater Exposures with the Chem icals Atrazi ne, Bi phenyl, B u tachlo r, C a r b ary l C a rbaz o l e, Dibe nz of ur an, 3, 3' -Dic hlo r o b e n zidine D i chlor v os, 1, 2 Ep oxy ethy lbe n zene (Sty rene Oxi d e) I s o p h o r o n e, Is o p r opal i n, Oxy c hlo r da ne, Pentachl o r o a n isole, Pr op o x u r (B ay go n ) Tet r abr o m obisp he nol A, 1 2 4 5 Tetrachl o r obe n zene, an d 1,2,3Tr ich l or op rop a n e to Selected Fr esh w ater Org a n i sm s. Ctr.for Lake Supe rior Enviro n. Stu d Univ. o f Wisc o n sin S u p erior Su peri or, WI 11 0 p. EcoRefe r ence No.: 17138 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : ATZ,PCB,BTC,CBL ,FRN, D D V P I S O,CH D, PP X,C B Z; Ha bitat : A; Effect C ode s : GRO,M O R; R e j ection Code : LITE E VAL CODE D(CBL A TZ ), OK (A L L CHEMS). 81. Brown, K. W. Ande rson, D C., J ones S G ., Deuel, L. E., and P r ice, J. D ( 1 979). T h e R e lative Toxicity of Four Pesticides i n Tap W a te r a n d Water Fr om Floo de d R i ce Pad d ies. Int.J Envir o n. S t ud. 14 : 4 9 -5 3. EcoRefe r ence No.: 5722 Chem ical of C once r n: CBL,P PN,M LT ,CBF; Ha bitat : A; Effect C ode s : MOR; Rej ection C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( CBL),O K (CB F ,M LT, PPN ). 82. Brunne r, J. F., Dunley, J E. Doe r r M D. an d Beer s, E. H. (2 001 ) Effect of Pesticides on C o lp ocly peus f l or us (Hy m eno p tera: E u lo p h idae) an d T r ich o g r am m a platneri ( H y m enoptera: Trichogramm a tidae), Parasitoids of Leafroll ers in W a shi n gton. J.Econ .Ento m o l 9 4 : 10 75 1 084 EcoRefe r ence No.: 63713 C h em ical of C once r n: AZ,C YP, D Z, D M T,M P ,M DT PSM ,OM L ,CBL,FTT ,AM Z ,P M R ,ES,EF V, I M C,SS,P P G D F Z,F YC,T UZ,M F Z A ZD; H a bitat : T; E ffect Codes : M O R,BEH,REP; Rej ect io n C o d e : LI TE EVA L CO DE D (AZ D Z ,CY P D M T ,M P,M D T,PSM O M L CBL,F TT,AM Z,PMR,ES ,EF V ,IMC,SS,PP G,DFZ, F Y C, TU Z, MFZ A Z D) 83. Buchanan, D. V., Mille m a nn, R. E., and Stewart, N. E. (1970). Effects of th e Insecticide Sevin on Vari ous Stage s o f the D u nge n e ss C r a b C a nc er m a gister. J. Fish.Res .B oar d C a n 2 7 : 93 -1 04 EcoRefe r ence No.: 9521 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : GRO,MOR,BEH; Rej ection C o d e : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL). 84 B untin G. D. ( 1 9 9 9 ) D a m a ge Los s A ssess m e nt and C o nt rol of the C a b b a ge See d po d Weevil (C oleo ptera: C u rc ulio nidae ) i n Wi nter Canola Using Insecticides. J Ec on E nto m ol. 9 2 : 22 0 22 7. EcoRefe r ence No.: 63601 Page 207 of 602

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Chem ical of C once r n: BFT,E F V, AZ D,CBL, M OM ,ES, PM R; Ha bitat : T; Effect Codes : POP C EL,P H Y; R e jectio n C ode : LITE E V AL C ODE D(BFT,EF V),OK(ALL C H EMS ) 85 B untin G. D. ( 1 9 9 8 ) E v aluat i on o f I n sectic ides fo r C ont rol o f the Cabbage Seedpod W e evil in C a nola. I n : G. D.B u ntin ( E d ) Res. Bull.N o .4 35 Ass e ssme n t of C r op Pr otectants f o r Use i n Canola, Univ. o f Ga., Athe ns, GA 25 -2 9. EcoRefe r ence No.: 73097 Chem ical of C once r n: EF V, M L N,ES ,PM R ,M OM ,CBL,M P,PSM A Z D P RN; H a bitat : T; Effect C ode s : POP,GR O,BC M; Rej ection Code : L I TE EV A L CODE D( EF V, M O M AZ D ) ,T ARGE T(M L N ) ,O K ( AL L CH EM S). 86. Bur d ick, G E Dea n H. J. H a rris, E. J., S k e a J., an d Co lby, D. (1 965 ). To x i city of Sev i n ( C arb a r y l) to Fing er lin g Br own Tr ou t. N.Y.Fis h Game J. 12 : 1 27146 EcoRefe r ence No.: 4517 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR,GR O,ACC; Rej ectio n Co d e : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL). 87. Bursia n, S. J a n d E d ens F W. ( 1 978). T h e Eff ect of Acute Car b ar yl Admin i str a tio n o n Var i ou s Neurochem i cal and Blood Che m ical Para m e ters in t h e Japanese Quail. Toxicol.Appl.P har macol 4 6 : 4 63473 EcoRefe r ence No.: 35070 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : PHY,BCM; Rejection C ode : LITE EVAL CODED( CBL) 88. Bursia n, S. J a n d E d ens F W. ( 1 977). T h e Pr ol ong ed Ex po su r e of Japan e se Qu ail to Car b ar yl and I t s Effects o n Gr o w th a n d R e pr o ductive Pa ram e ters. Bull.E n v i ron C o nta m .T oxicol. 17 : 3 60368 EcoRefe r ence No.: 35069 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : G R O,R E P; R e je ction C ode : LITE EVAL CODED ( CBL) 89. Bursia n, S. J a n d E d ens F W. ( 1 979). T h e Pr ol ong ed Ex po su r e of Japan e se Qu ail to Car b ar yl and I t s Effects o n Neu r oc hem i cal and B l oo d C h em ical Param e ters. Bull.E n viro n. C ont am .T oxico l 21: 1 4 4 15 1. EcoRefe r ence No.: 35068 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : B C M; Rej ection Code : L I TE EVAL CODE D (CBL ). 90. Butler, J. A., Mille mann, R E., and Stewart N. E. (1968). Effects of the Insecticide Se vi n on Survival and Growt h of the Cockle Clam C linocardium nuttalli. J.Fish.Res .Boar d Can. 2 5 : 16 21 1 635 EcoRefe r ence No.: 17741 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : GRO,BEH,MOR,ACC; Rej ect io n C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( CBL). 91. Butler, P A. ( 1 964). C o m m e rcial Fishery Investigations. In: Pesticide-W ild life Studies, 1963, U. S. D.I ., Fish an d Wildl.Serv .,C irc.1 9 9 28 p (A ut ho r C o m m unication Us ed) EcoRefe r ence No.: 646 C h em ical of C once r n: AZ,DS,HCCH,MLN,MP,Nale d,PRT 24DXY,CM PH ,D MT,D U, PEB,PSM,N TP,TXP, C BL; Page 208 of 602

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Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : BE H PO P, MO R, G R O, A CC,SY S ; Rej ectio n Co d e : L I TE EV A L CODE D( AZ PRT), N O E N DP OI NT( D M T ). 92. Butler, P A., W ils on, A. J. J r ., and Rick, A. J. ( 196 0) Eff e ct o f Pesticid es on Oyster s. Proc.N atl.Shel lfish Assoc. 51: 2 3 3 2. EcoRefe r ence No.: 3708 Chem ical of C once r n: DCB, DDT ,E N, HPT, CBL,DL D ,T X P ,CH D ,RT N ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : GR O; Rej ection Code : LI TE EVAL CODED( CB L,DCB,RTN),OK( ALL C H EMS) 93. Byrd, J D. Jr. and Y o rk, A. C ( 1 988) Intera c tions of C a r b a r y l an d Dim e thoate with Set h oxy dim Weed Technol. 2 : 4 33436 EcoRefe r ence No.: 75045 C h em ical of C once r n: S X D DM T,C B L ; H a bitat : T; Effe ct Codes : POP; Rej ection Code : LITE EVAL C ODE D(DMT S X D),OK(ALL CHEMS). 94. Caj a raville, M. P., Marigom e z, J. A., and Angulo, E. (1990). ShortTerm Toxic Effect s of 1-Naphthol on the Digestive Gland-Gonad Com p lex of the Marine Prosobra nch Littori na littorea (L): A Light M i cr osc opic Stu d y Ar ch.E nviron.C ontam.Toxicol. 19: 1 7 2 4. EcoRefe r ence No.: 2999 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR,CEL; Rej ectio n Cod e : LITE EVAL CODED( CBL) 95. Caj a raville, M. P., Marigom e z, J. A., and Angulo, E. (1989). A Stereological Surv ey of Lysosom a l Struct ure Alterations i n Littorina littorea Exposed to 1-Naphthol. C o mp.B ioche m .P hysiol .C 93: 2 3 1 23 7. EcoRefe r ence No.: 947 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : C EL,M O R ; R e je ction C ode : LITE EVAL CODED( CBL) 96. Caj a ra ville, M. P., Recio, A., Saez, V., and Marigom ez, J. A. (1989). Ac ute Toxicity of Two Hydroxylated Hydrocarbons to the Pros obranch Gastropod L ittorina littorea. In : J. Ros ( E d.) Top i cs in Mar.Bio l ., Pro c .22nd Eu ro p e an Ma r.Bio l .S ymp Ba rcelona Spa in; S c ien t .Mar. 53 : 7 45748 EcoRefe r ence No.: 16485 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR; Rej ection C ode : LITE EVAL CODED( CBL) 97 C a lvin, D. an d Sam m ons, C ( 1 9 8 7 ) E v aluat i on o f M o llu sc icides f o r Slu g C ontr o l, 1 9 8 6 Insectic.Ac a ric Tests 1 2 : 19 2 ( N o 22 5) EcoRefe r ence No.: 88713 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : CBL,MCB; Hab itat : T; E ffect C o des : POP; R e jection C ode : LITE EVAL CODED( CBL) OK(MCB) 98 C a m bon C D eclum e, C ., an d Derac h e, R. (1 980 ). Fo etal an d Maternal R a t Brain Acety l cholines terase: Is oe nz ym es C h ange s Fo llowing Insecticidal Carbamate Derivatives Po ison in g. A r ch.T oxicol. 45 : 25 7-2 6 2 EcoRefe r ence No.: 86664 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : PI M CBF,ADC,CBL; Hab itat : T; Effect C ode s : BCM; Rej ection C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( ADC,CBL ), O K ( A LL CHEM S). Page 209 of 602

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99. Cam pbell, J. R and Penne r D. ( 1 982) E n ha n c ed Ph yto t o x i city of Ben t azo n with Organ oph osph ate and Carbam ate Insecticides. Weed Sci. 30 : 3 24326 EcoRefe r ence No.: 61217 User De fine 2: WA SH ,CAL F, SENT C h em ical of C once r n: B T ,PR N ,M L N D Z,C B F,C B L En dp oint: P O P ; Ha bitat : T; Rej ection Code : LITE E V A L CO DED ( CB F). 10 0. C a m pbell, J. R an d Pen n e r D. (1 9 8 2 ) E n h a nced P h y t oto x icity of B e nta z on with Orga nophos phate and Carba m ate Insecticides. Wee d Sci. 30: 3 2 4 32 6. EcoRefe r ence No.: 61217 C h em ical of C once r n: B T ,PR N ,M L N D Z,C B F,C B L ; Ha bi tat : T; Effect Codes : POP; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V AL CODED(DZ ,CBF) OK(ALL CHEMS) 101. Capaldo, P. S. (1987). Ef fects of Carbaryl (Sevin) on th e Stage I Z o eae of the Red-J o inte d Fiddle r C r a b Uca m i nax (L e C onte) Estuaries 10 : 132 -1 35 EcoRefe r ence No.: 4624 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR,BEH; R e j ection Cod e : LITE EVAL CODED( CBL) 1 0 2 Car l son A. R. ( 197 1) Eff ects of Lo ngTer m Expo sur e to C a r b ar yl ( S ev in) on Su rv iv al, Gr owt h an d R e pr o ductio n of the Fathea d M i nn o w ( P im ephales pr om elas). J.Fis h .Res .B oard Ca n. 2 9 : 58 358 7. EcoRefe r ence No.: 5073 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR,REP,GR O; Rej ection C o d e : LITE EVAL C ODE D (CBL). 103. Carlson, R. W. (1990). Ventilatory Patterns of Bluegill (L epom is m acrochirus) Exposed t o Orga nic Chem icals with Diffe r ent M e c h anis m s of To xic A c tion. Com p .B ioche m .P hysiol .C 95: 1 8 1 19 6. EcoRefe r ence No.: 3461 C h em ical of C once r n: C F 2 4 D X Y ,C 8O H,NP,CBL,ACC,PCP,RT N, MLN; H a b itat : A; Effect C ode s : PHY,MOR; R e j ection Code : LITE E VAL CODE D(CBL C 8O H, ACL) O K ( A LL C H E M S). 10 4. C a rlso n, R W. B r a d b u r y S P., Dr um m o n d R. A., an d Hammer m e i ster D. E. ( 199 8) Neurological E ffects on Startl e Response a n d Esca pe fr om Pre d ation by M e daka Ex p o s e d to Orga nic Chem icals. A q uat.Toxicol. 43 : 51 -68 EcoRefe r ence No.: 20097 Chem ical of C once r n: N P ,ES CBL,24DX Y S TCH, PL,C 8O H,CP Y,F N V; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR,BEH; Rej ection C o d e : LI TE EV AL COD E D ( CBL, C 8O H) OK( A L L CHEMS). 105. Carpe n ter, C. P., Weil, C. S. Palm P. E., W o o d side M W., Nai r I I I J H., an d Sm yth, H. F. Jr ( 196 1) Mamma lian Tox i city o f 1 Naph th yl -N-Methylcarbam a te (Sevi n Insecticide ) Agric.F o od Chem. 9: 30 3 9 EcoRefe r ence No.: 70337 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : B C M,MOR,GR O; Rej ection C ode : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL). Page 210 of 602

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10 6. C a rter, F. L (1 97 1 ) In Vi vo Studies o f B r ai n Acety l cholin esterase I n hibit i on by Org a n oph o s phate an d Carb amat e Insecticides in Fish. P h D .T hesis, L oui sian a State U n iv.an d Agric. an d Mec h a n ical C o lleg e :2 0 2 p.; Diss A bstr. I nt. B Sci. En g. 32 : 277 2-2 773 ( P ub l in Par t As 9 42) EcoRefe r ence No.: 14034 C h em ical of C once r n: C P Y M O M C B F A Z,A D C, DCTP, M P,M L N,CBL ; Ha bitat : A; Effect C odes : BCM,GRO,M OR; R e j ection Code : LITE E VAL CODE D( AZ ,CBL,CBF,M O M ,ADC ,M LN ) O K (CP Y D C T P,M P ) 107. Cathey, B. (198 2). Com p arative Toxicities of Fi ve Insecticides To The Earthworm Lum b ricus terrestris. Ag r i c En v i r o n 7: 7 3 8 1. EcoRefe r ence No.: 40535 C h em ical of C once r n: PR N E N A N D D DT, C B L ; Ha bitat : T; E ffect Codes : M O R,PHY; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V AL CODED(CB L),OK(ALL C H EMS). 1 0 8 Cath ey, B. ( 197 3) So m e Mo rp ho log i cal an d Physiol o gical Studies on t h e Effects of Carbaryl on the Earth w o r m Lum b ricus terrestris P h D .T hesis, Mich iga n State Uni v ., 3 4 : 64 p. EcoRefe r ence No.: 59374 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : M O R,PHY,BEH,CEL; Rej ection C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( CBL). 109. Cecil, H. C. H a rris, S. J., and Bitm an, J. ( 197 4) Eff ects o f Nonp er sisten t Pesticid es on Liv e r Weig ht, Li pids an d Vitam i n A of R a ts an d Quail. B u ll.En viron C o nta m T oxicol. 11 : 4 9 6 49 9. EcoRefe r ence No.: 35083 C h em ical of C once r n: M X C M L N,C B L ; H a bitat : T; Effe ct Codes : BCM,GRO; Rej e ctio n C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( CBL),O K (M X C ,M LN) 11 0. C h ak rawa rti, J. B a n d C h a u ra sia, R C ( 1 9 8 1 ) T oxicity o f Som e Or gan o p hos p h ate, Chlori nated and Carbam ate Pesticides to S o m e Fresh W a te r Fis h es. I n dia n J. Zo ol. 9: 91 9 3 EcoRefe r ence No.: 13614 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ,P PH D; Habitat : A; Effect Codes : M O R; Rej ectio n Cod e : LITE EV AL COD E D ( CBL) OK( PPHD ) 11 1. C h an dra K., R e ddy S. a n d J o shi G C (199 0) Eff ect of In secticid es and Plan t Growth R e gulato r s o n Plant G r owt h Inci dence Yiel d in B r in jal (S olan um m e longena L. ). J.Res.A P.A U ( A nd hr a Pr a d e s h A g ric. U n iv.) 18 : 141 -14 5 EcoRefe r ence No.: 75125 C h em ical of C once r n: DM T C B L ,ES,P H S L ; Ha bitat : T; Effect C ode s : POP GR O,P H Y; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V AL CODED(DMT),OK(AL L CHEMS). 112. Chang, K. H., Sakam o to, M., and Ha nazato, T. (2005). Im p act of Pesticide Application on Zooplankt on Comm unities with Di fferent Densities of Inve rtebrate Predators: An Ex perim e ntal Analy s is Usi ng Sm all-Scale Mesocosm s. A q uat.Toxicol. 72 : 373 -38 2 EcoRefe r ence No.: 80938 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : POP; Rej ection Code : L I TE EV A L CODE D(CBL ) 11 3. C h an g, V C S an d Lan g e, W. H ( 1 96 7 ) La bo rato ry an d F i eld Eval uation o f Selected Pesticides for Control of the Red Cr ayfis h i n California Rice Fields. J. Ec on .E nto m ol. 60: Page 211 of 602

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4 73477 EcoRefe r ence No.: 4678 C h em ical of C once r n: F N TH M P,C P Y PR N DLD C B L ,C a p tan,T H M ; Ha b itat : A; Ef fect C odes : MOR,BEH; Rej ection C o d e : LIT E EVAL CODE D( CBL) OK( ALL CH EM S) ,N O EN DPOIN T ( C ap tan) 11 4. C h ari, M S ( 1 99 2 ) A R a pid B i oassay Pr oce d ure t o Determine the Toxicity of Pesticides to C h an na p uncta tus B l oc h. J.Inl.Fish.Soc.India 24: 8 8 9 0. EcoRefe r ence No.: 17200 C h em ical of C once r n: D D T, M L N,C B L ; H a bitat : A; E f f ect Codes : M O R; Rej ection Code : LITE EV AL C ODE D ( CBL), OK (D DT ,M L N ). 11 5. C h ary M S ., R a m a subbaia h, K. a n d B h us h a n, V. S. ( 1 99 0 ) E ffect o f C e r t ain M o der n I n secticid es on th e Yield o f Gr oun dnu t. In di an J.E n to m o l. 52: 4 7 8 48 1. EcoRefe r ence No.: 77560 C h em ical of C once r n: A D C C Y P,PMR,FNV,CBL,DCM; Hab itat : T; E ffect C odes : POP; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V AL CODED(AD C,CYP,CBL) OK( A LL C H EMS) 1 1 6 Ch eah, M. L., Av au lt, J. W. Jr ., and Gr av es J. B. ( 1980 ) Acu t e To x i city of Selected Rice Pesticides to C r ayfish Procam barus cla r kii. Prog.Fish-C u lt. 42 : 1 69172 EcoRefe r ence No.: 5245 Chem ical of C once r n: 24DX Y ,Ca p tan,M L T,CuOH ,BM Y ,THM ,M P CBL,M LN ,D DN CBF; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR; Rej ection C ode : LIT E EVAL CODE D(ML T,CuOH),OK(ALL CHEM S). 117. Chernoff, N. and Kavlock, R. J. ( 1982). An In Vivo Teratol ogy Screen Utilizing Pregnant Mice. J.Toxic o l.E n viron.He alth 1 0 : 54 1-55 0. EcoRefe r ence No.: 58855 C h em ical of C once r n: M i rex NiC L ,M R X ,C BL,TXP,CCA,EN,BMY,ET U DCM HCCP, C HD; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : M O R,GR O,REP; Rej ection C o de : LITE E V AL CODE D(CBL ) O K ( A LL C H EM S). 11 8. C h in, Y N. a n d S u dde r u d d in K. I. ( 1 97 9 ) E ffect of M e tha m idop ho s on the Gr owt h R a t e an d Esterase Activi t y of t h e Com m on Carp Cy prinus carpi o L. Environ.Pollut. 18 : 213 -22 0 EcoRefe r ence No.: 5597 C h em ical of C once r n: M T M C B L ; Ha bitat : A; Effect Codes : BCM,M OR; Rej ection Code : LITE EVAL C ODE D(MTM,CBL). 119. Chitra, S. and P illai, M. K. K. (1984). Devel opm en t of Organophospho rus and Carbam at eR e sistance in I ndia n St rains o f A n op heles stephe nsi List on Pr oc. I n d ia n Aca d S ci.Ani m. Sci. 93: 1 5 9 17 0. EcoRefe r ence No.: 12464 Chem ical of C once r n: D D T, CBL,M LN,CB F ,F NT,TM P ,F NTH CP Y, DD PV, P P X ; Habi tat : A; E ffect C o des : MOR,CEL; Rej ectio n Cod e : L I TE EVAL C ODE D(CBL,CBF),OK(ALL CHEMS). 1 2 0 Ch oud hu r y C., Ray, A. K., B h attach ar ya, S., and B h attacharya, S. ( 1 99 3 ). No n Lethal Concentrations of Pesticide Im pair Ovarian Function in t h e Fres hwater Pe rch, Ana b as testudine us. E n viro n.Bi ol.Fis h. 36 : 319 -32 4 Page 212 of 602

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EcoRefe r ence No.: 4096 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : B C M GR O; R e jection C ode : LITE EVAL CODED( CBL) 12 1. C ilgi, T. a n d F r am pton, G. K ( 1 99 4) Art h r o p o d P o pulatio ns Un de r C u r r e nt an d R e d u c e dInput Pesticide Regim e s: Res u lts from the Firs t Four T r eatm e nt Years of the Maff "Sca rab" Project. Bri ght on Crop Protection C onference: Pests And Diseases, British Crop Prot.C ou ncil, N o v. 21 -2 4, 1 9 9 4 Bri ght on En gla n d UK 13 : 65 3660 EcoRefe r ence No.: 65262 C h em ical of C once r n: A D C C B L ,C YP; Ha bitat : T; R e jec tion C ode : TARGET(C Y P ) 1 2 2 Co eur d assier M. Sain tD e n i s, M. Go m o tD e V a uf leur y, A Rib e r a D an d Bado t, P. -M. ( 200 1) Th e Gar d en Sn ail (Helix asp e r s a) as a Bio i nd icato r of Org a nop ho sph o ru s Exp o s ure: Effects o f Dim e thoate on S u r v ival, G r o w th, and Acetylchol inesterase Activity. Environ.Toxic o l.Che m 20 : 19 51195 7. EcoRefe r ence No.: 63387 Chem ical of C once r n: AZ ,C BL,M P,TCF D M T,FNT; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : BEH,MOR GRO,ACC,PHY; Rej ectio n Cod e : L I TE EVAL CODE D( AZ ,CBL,DM T ), OK ( M P,TCF,F N T ) 123. Collins, P. J. a n d W ilson D. (1987). Efficacy of Curre nt and Potential Gra i n Protectant Insecticides Against a Fenitr othio n R e sistant Strai n of t h e Sawt oot hed G r ain B eetle, Ory zae philus s u ri nam e nsis L. Pestic.Sci 20 : 93 1 0 4 EcoRefe r ence No.: 70193 C h em ical of C once r n: R S M C B L ,C YP; Ha bitat : T; Effec t Codes : MOR ; Rej ection Code : TARGET( RSM,CYP). 124. Collins, P. J. and W ilson, D. (1986). Insecticid e Resistance in the Ma jor Coleopterous Pests of Sto r ed G r ai n in S out her n Quee nsla nd A u stralia. Quee nsl.J.A g ric.A n i m .Sci. 43: 1 0 7 11 4. EcoRefe r ence No.: 70503 C h em ical of C once r n: R S M C B L ; Ha bitat : T; E ffect Codes : M O R; Rej ectio n Cod e : TARGET(RS M). 125. Collins, T. F. X., Hansen, W. H., and Keeler, H. V. (1971). The Effect of Carbaryl (Sevin) on R e pr od uctio n of the R a t a n d the Ge r b il. Toxicol.Appl.P harmac o l. 19 : 2 0 2 21 6. EcoRefe r ence No.: 35102 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : R E P,MOR,GR O; Rej ectio n Cod e : LITE EVAL C ODE D (CBL). 126. Conners, D. E. and Black M. C. (2004). Evaluation of Le t h ality and Genotoxicity in the Freshwater Mussel Utterbacki a i m becillis (Bivalvia: Uni o ni dae) Exposed Singly and in Com b ination t o C h em ica l s Used i n Lawn C a re. Arc h .E nvi r on .C o n ta m. To xicol. 46 : 36 2-3 7 1 EcoRefe r ence No.: 74236 C h em ical of C once r n: C u S A TZ,G Y P D Z ,C B L ; Ha bitat : A; E ffect C o des : MOR; Rejection C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( CuS) ,O K( ALL CHEM S ) 127. Conners, D. E. and Black M. C. (2004). Evaluation of Le t h ality and Genotoxicity in the Freshwater Mussel Utterbacki a i m becillis (Bivalvia: Uni o ni dae) Exposed Singly and in Com b ination t o C h em ica l s Used i n Lawn C a re. Arc h .E nvi r on .C o n ta m. To xicol. 46 : 36 2-3 7 1 Page 213 of 602

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EcoRefe r ence No.: 74236 C h em ical of C once r n: AT Z, GY P, DZ,C B L C uS; Ha bitat : A; Effect Codes : MOR; Rejection C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( CBL,DZ, ATZ CuS) ,O K( G Y P ) 12 8. C onti, E ( 19 8 7 ) A c ute T o xicity of T h ree D e terge n ts an d Tw o I n secticid es in t h e L u g w orm Are n icola m a rina (L. ) : A Hist olo g ical an d a Scanning Elect ron Microsc opi c Study. Aq uat. T oxic ol. 10: 3 2 5 33 4. EcoRefe r ence No.: 2519 Chem ical of C once r n: Na DB S,CBL,EPR N; Ha bitat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR,CEL; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V AL CODED( CB L),OK(EPR N ,NaDBS ). 1 2 9 Co pp ag e, D. L. (1 977 ) Anticholinesterase Action of Pestic idal Carbam ates in the Ce ntral Ner v ous Sy ste m of Pois one d Fishes. I n : J. F Vern ber g ( E d. ) Symp .Phy sio l ogical Res p o n s es of M a rine Biot a to P o lluta nts, Aca d e m ic Pre ss, N e w Y o rk, N Y 931 02. EcoRefe r ence No.: 7669 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : ADC,MOM,CBP,C BL; Hab itat : A; E ffect C o des : BCM; Rejection C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( CBL,CBF,A D C ,M OM ). 13 0. C o u r tem a nch, D. L. a n d Gib b s K E ( 1 9 8 0 ) The Ef fects of Sevi n4Oil o n Le ntic Comm unities. In : K G. Stratto n ( E d ) Enviro n.M o nit.Rep.fr om the 1 9 7 9 M a ine C o oper a tive Spr uce Bu dw o r m Su p p ressi o n Pr oject, M a i n e F o re st Serv. De p. of C onse r vatio n, A u gu s t a, ME 215 -22 3 EcoRefe r ence No.: 16312 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : POP; Rej ection Code : L I TE EV A L CODE D(CBL ) 13 1. C o u r tem a nch, D. L. a n d Gib b s K E ( 1 9 7 8 ) The Ef fects of Sevi n4Oil o n Le ntic Comm unities. A Fi nal Report to the Ma ine Forest Service Augusta, Maine. In : K G. Str a tton (Ed ) En viron Mon it.o f Coopera tive Sp ru ce Bud w o r m C o n t ro l Pro j ect, Ma in e 19 76 an d 19 7 7 Mai n e F o rest Serv. De p. of C o nserv a t i on, A u g u sta ME 141 -15 0 EcoRefe r ence No.: 16308 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : POP; Rej ection Code : L I TE EV A L CODE D(CBL ) 13 2. C o u r tem a nch, D. L. a n d Gib b s K E ( 1 9 8 0 ) Sh ort a n d L o ng -Te r m Effec t s of F o rest Spr a y i ng o f C a rba r y l (Se v in -4 -Oil) o n St rea m Inverteb rate s. C a n.Entomol. 1 1 2 : 2 71276 EcoRefe r ence No.: 6426 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : P O P,M O R ; R e jection C ode : LITE EVAL CODED( CBL) 13 3. C r ess, C R a n d St rot h er, A (1 9 7 4 ) Ef fects o n Dr ug M e tabolism of C a r b ary l an d 1 Naphthol in the Mouse. Life Sci. 14: 8 6 1 87 2. EcoRefe r ence No.: 35109 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : GRO,MOR,BEH,BCM; Rej e ctio n C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( CBL). 13 4. Daglis h, G. J., Hall, E. A ., Z o rzetto, M J. L a m bkin, T. M an d E r bac h e r J. M (1 9 9 3 ) Evaluatio n o f Protecta n ts f o r C ontr o l of Aca n thoscelides obtectus (Say) (Coleoptera: B r uc hidae ) in Navy bean s ( P h a seolus v u lga r i s (L .) ). J. Store d Pr o d .Res 2 9 : 2 15219 Page 214 of 602

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EcoRefe r ence No.: 70523 Chem ical of C once r n: RSM CBL,M LN, F N T ,PIRM PM R, DM ,CP Y M ; Habitat : T; Effect C odes : MOR,REP; Rej ection C o d e : LIT E EVAL CODE D(BRSM),OK(AL L CHEMS ) 13 5. Das, M K. a n d A dhi kary S. P ( 1 99 6) T o xicity of T h ree Pe sticides to Se v e ral R i ce-Field Cyanobacteria. Tr op .A gric. 73 : 155 -15 7 EcoRefe r ence No.: 75042 C h em ical of C once r n: DM T C B L ,ES; Habi tat : A; Ef fect Codes : BCM,POP; Rej ection C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( DM T), O K( AL L CHEM S ) 13 6. Das, M K. a n d A dhi kary S. P ( 1 99 6) T o xicity of T h ree Pe sticides to Se v e ral R i ce-Field Cynobacteria. Trop.A gric. 73: 1 55157 EcoRefe r ence No.: 75042 C h em ical of C once r n: DM T C B L ,ES; Habi tat : A; Ef fect Codes : BCM,POP; Rej ection C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( CBL,DM T ) O K (E S). 13 7. Das, U. K a n d K u m a r, D. ( 1 9 9 3 ) To xicity o f C a r b ary l on a l pha -Am y lase of the Fish C o l i sa fasciatus. J.E c otoxicol. E nvir on .M onit. 3: 1 4 3 14 6. EcoRefe r ence No.: 16799 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR; Rej ection C ode : LITE EVAL CODED( CBL) 13 8. Davis H C a n d Hi du H. ( 1 96 9 ) E ffects o f Pesticides o n Em bry onic De velo pm ent of C l am s and Oysters a n d on Survival an d Gr owth o f th e Lar v ae. Fish.Bull. 6 7 : 39 3404 EcoRefe r ence No.: 2400 C h em ical of C once r n: EDT, 24D X Y A Z,CBL,CM P H, DS, D U,M L N,PCP Na PCP DBAC ,HCC H PRN, D D T, DZ ,DCB ; Habitat : A; Effect C ode s : MOR; Rej ection C ode : LIT E EVAL CODED( CBL,AZ,DCB,DZ,PCP,NaP C P ,DBAC) ,OK(ALL CHEMS). 13 9. De M e l, G. W. J. L M V. T. M an d P a thira t ne, A. ( 2 0 0 5 ). To xicity Asses s m e nt of Insecticides C o m m only Used in R i ce Pest M a nagem e nt to t h e F r y of C o m m on C a rp, Cyprinus ca rpi o a Food Fish Cultura ble in Rice Fields. J A p p l I ch th yo l. 21: 1 4 6 15 0. EcoRefe r ence No.: 87858 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ,C PY, D M T ; Ha bitat : A; E ffe ct Codes : MOR,BCM,BEH; Rej ectio n Code : LI TE EV AL COD E D( CBL) ,O K( CPY DMT) 1 4 0 D e O liv eir a G. H. Saad, W A and La rini, L. (1991). E ffe cts of Carbam a t es on the Hem ody nam i c Param e ters of R a ts Treated o r not with al ph a-Py ridy lald ox im e Methylsulfom ethylate (P2S). Rev.Cienc.F a r m .(Sao P aul o) 13: 6 7 7 6. EcoRefe r ence No.: 87862 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : PHY; Rej ection Code : L I TE EV A L CODE D(CBL ) 14 1. Dela C r uz, C R an d C a gaua n, A. G ( 1 98 1 ) Pr elim inary Study on the B i oassay of Se ve n Pesticides and Five Weedici d es with Tilapia, Carps, Cla m and Shrim p as Test Species Fish.Res .J.P hilipp. 6: 1 1 1 8. EcoRefe r ence No.: 3241 Page 215 of 602

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C h em ical of C once r n: AZ ,B T C ,M C P A, 24 D X Y C Y P PM R M P ,C B L ; Ha bitat : A; E ffe ct C odes : PHY; Rej ection Code : LITE E V AL CODED(CB L,CYP ) ,OK(ALL CHEM S),NO COC( MTAS). 142. Der o sa, C. T ., Taylor, D. H ., Farrell, M P ., and Seilk op S K. ( 1 9 7 6 ) E f f ects of Se vin o n the R e pr od uctive B i ology of the C o tur n ix Poult.Sci. 55 : 21 33214 1. EcoRefe r ence No.: 35124 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : R E P,MOR,ACC BEH; Rej ection C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D (CBL). 143. Deshm u kh, P. B. and Keshavan, R (1987) Activities of Amylase and Li pase i n the Frog Ex pose d t o D D T a n d Se vin J.A d v.Zool. 8 : 1 18122 EcoRefe r ence No.: 39897 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L DDT; H a bitat : T; E ffect Codes : BCM; Rej ection Code : LITE EV AL COD E D ( CBL) OK( DD T). 14 4. Deshm u k h P. B an d Kes h av an, R ( 1 98 4 ) Acute To xicity o f D D T an d S e vin t o the B u l l fro g, R a na tigri na. J Curr.Biosci. 1: 1 41145 EcoRefe r ence No.: 39964 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L DDT; H a bitat : A; Effect Codes : M O R,BEH; Rej ection C o d e : LITE EV AL C ODE D ( CBL), OK (D DT ). 145. Desi, I., G o ncz i L., Sim on, G ., Fa r k as, I. a n d Kn ef f e l, Z. (1 974 ). Neur o t ox ico l og ic Stud ies of Two Carbam ate Pesticides i n Su bacute A n im al Experim e nts. Toxicol.A p pl.P har macol. 27: 4 65476 EcoRefe r ence No.: 35125 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : B E H, GRO BCM ,CEL,P HY; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V AL CODED (C BL). 146. Desm archelier, J., Be ngston, M ., Da vies, R. Elder B. Hart R., He nning, R., M u rray, W. Ridley, E., Ri pp, E., Siera k ow ski, C. Sticka R., S n elson, J. W a llba n k, B. and W ils on, A. (1 9 8 7 ) Asses s m ent of the Gr ain P r otectants C h lo rpy r ifo s M ethy l plus B i oresm e thrin, Fenitr othio n pl us (1R )-P he n o thri n, M e thac ri f o s a n d Pirim i phos -M ethy l plu s C a r b ary l U n d e r Practical Conditions in Australia. Pestic.Sci 20 : 2 71288 EcoRefe r ence No.: 70095 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : BRSM,CBL,PI R M,C P YM,FNT; Hab itat : T; Effe ct Codes : MOR,REP,AC C; Rej ectio n Co d e : LITE E V AL C ODE D(BRSM),OK(AL L CHEMS ) 147. De W e e s e, L R ., Henny, C J. Floyd, R. L. Bo b a l, K. A an d Sh u ltz, A W (1 979 ) Resp on se of B r ee din g B i rds to Ae rial S p ray s o f T r ichl or fo n (Dy l ox ) and C a r b ary l ( S evin 4 O il) in M onta n a F o re s t s. U.S.Dept.of the Interior.U.S.Fish and Wildlife Service, Special Scientific Report 224 : 1-2 9 EcoRefe r ence No.: 35126 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : R E P,POP,M O R; Rej ection C o de : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL). 1 4 8 D h an ap a k ia m P an d P r e m la t h a J ( 199 4) Histop atho log i cal Ch ang e s in th e Kid n e y of C y prin us ca rpi o E x pose d t o M a lathion a n d Sevin J. En v i r o n. B i o l 15 : 2 8 3 28 7. EcoRefe r ence No.: 13515 Page 216 of 602

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C h em ical of C once r n: C B L M LN; Habitat : A; Effect Codes : M O R,CEL; Rej ection C o d e : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL),OK(MLN). 149. Dodson, S. I., Hanazat o, T. and Gorski, P. R. (1 995). Behavioral Respons es of Daphnia pulex Ex pose d t o C a rba r y l an d C h a o b o r us Kai r om one Envir o n.Toxicol.C h e m 14: 4 3 5 0. EcoRefe r ence No.: 13723 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : B E H; Rejecti o n Code : L I TE EV A L CODE D(CBL ) 15 0. Doe r r M D. B r u nne r, J. F., and Sc hra d er L. E. ( 2 00 4) I n teg r ated Pest M a nagem e nt Ap pr oac h fo r a Ne w Pest, Lac a no bia s u bju n c t a (Lepi d o p tera : N o ctui dae), in Washington Apple Orc h ar ds. Pest Mana g.S c i. 60 : 102 5-1 034 EcoRefe r ence No.: 82540 C h em ical of C once r n: EM M B ,M FZ, T UZ,CBL ,TD C ,M OM ,ES T M X,ACT T A P SS, AZ D, AZ, C PY,P SM ,M L N ,I DC, EFV, KL N; Ha bitat : T; Effec t Codes : MOR ; Rej ection Code : L I TE EVAL CODE D( AZ ,E M M B ,M FZ,T UZ,CBL, T DC, M OM ,ES, TM X, ACT,T A P, S S ,AZ D ,C PY ,P SM ,M LN ,I D C ,EFV ,K LN) 151. Dong, W. Gilm our, M I. La m b ert, A. L ., a n d Selgra de, M J K (1998). E nha nce d Allergic Responses to House D u st M ite by O r al E x posure t o Car b a r yl in Rats. Toxicol.Sci. 44 : 63 -69 EcoRefe r ence No.: 86850 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : B C M,CEL,PHY; Rej ection Code : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL). 15 2. Do n k in, P. Wi dd o w s, J., Ev a n s, S. V. Sta ff, F. J ., a n d Ya n, T. (1 9 9 7 ) Ef f ect of Ne ur oto x ic Pesticides on t h e Feeding Rat e of Mari ne M u ssels (Mytilus edulis). Pesti c .Sci. 49 : 196 -2 09 EcoRefe r ence No.: 20518 Ch em ica l o f Co n c ern : FY T, CBL, PMR, DDVP, H CCH ETHN E N ; H a b itat : A; Effect Codes : ACC,BEH,PHY; Rej ection C o d e : LITE E V AL C ODE D( CBL) OK( A LL CHEMS). 153. Douglas, M T. Cha n ter, D O ., Pell, I. B., a n d B u r n ey, G. M ( 1 986). A P r oposal f o r the R e ductio n of Anim al Num b ers R e quire d f o r th e Ac ute T oxicity to Fis h Test (LC 5 0 Determ ination). A q uat. T oxic o l 8 : 2 43249 EcoRefe r ence No.: 12210 Chem ical of C once r n: CBL, M LN,TBT ,PC P ,DL D ; Ha bitat : A; E ffect Codes : MOR; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V AL CODED(CB L,PCP),OK(ALL CHEM S). 154. Dum b auld, B. R., Arm s trong, D. A., a n d Ska l ski, J. (1997). Efficacy of t h e Pesticide Carbaryl fo r T h alassini d Sh rim p C ontr o l in Was h in gt on State Oyste r (C rass ostrea gigas T h unberg, 1793) Aquacul t ure. J.Shellfish Res. 16: 5 0 3 51 8 EcoRefe r ence No.: 87650 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR,BEH,POP,GR O; Rej ect io n C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( CBL). 155. Dum b auld, B. R., Br ooks K. M ., a n d P o sey, M. H. ( 200 1) Resp on se of an Estu ar in e Benth i c Comm unity to Applica tion of the Pesticide C a rbaryl and C u ltivation of Pacific Oysters (Crassostrea gi ga s) in Willapa Bay, W a shington. M a r.Poll ut.Bull. 42 : 8 2 6 84 4. EcoRefe r ence No.: 88367 Page 217 of 602

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C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : POP; Rej ection Code : L I TE EV A L CODE D(CBL ) 156. Dus o C., Cam p orese, P., a n d Van de r Geest, L. P. S. ( 199 2). To x i city of a Nu m b er o f Pesticides to Strains of Typhl o drom us pyri an d Am b l yseiu s and e r s on i (Acar i: Ph yto s eiidae) En tomo pha ga 37: 3 6 3 37 2. EcoRefe r ence No.: 73088 User De fine 2: NE W CSC, W A S H T,C A LFT C h em ical of C once r n: PR N C B L,AC P AZ ,C PY,M DT,M O M ,DM CP YM F NT, T CF,CB L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : M O R,REP; Rej e ctio n C o d e : O K 157. Dwyer F J ., H a rdesty, D. K ., Henke, C. E ., I nge rs oll, C. G. Whites, D. W. M o unt D. R. and Bridges, C M. ( 1999). Assessing Contamin ant Sensitivity of Endang ered and Threatened Species: T o xi cant Classes. EPA 600/R-99/098, U.S. EPA Was h ington, D.C. 15 p EcoRefe r ence No.: 56161 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ,C uS, N YP, P C P P R M ; Ha bitat : A; Effect Codes : M O R; Rej ectio n Code : LI TE EV AL COD E D(OW T RV C u PCP) ,O K( ALL CH EMS). 158. Dwyer F J ., H a rdesty, D. K ., Henke, C. E ., I nge rs oll, C. G. Whites, D. W. M o unt D. R. and Bridges, C M. ( 1999). Assessing Contamin ant Sensitivity of Endang ered and Threatened Species: E ffl uent T oxicity T e sts. EP A 600/ R-99/099, U. S.EPA, W a s h ingt on, DC 9 p EcoRefe r ence No.: 56162 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ,C uS, N YP, P C P P R M ,N H; Ha bitat : A; E ffe ct Codes : GRO,REP,M O R; Rej ectio n Co d e : LI TE E V AL C ODE D ( CBL), OK (N H) N O MIXT URE(C u S,PCP,NYP,P R M),NO C O C(DZ ). 159. Dwyer F J ., H a rdesty, D. K ., Inger s oll, C. G. K u n z J. L. an d W h ites, D W (2 000 ) Assessi ng Conta m inant Sensi tivity of Am eri can Sh ad Atlan tic Stur g e on an d Sh or tno s e Stru ge on Fi na l R e po rt Fe br uary 2 0 0 0 Fi nal Rep ., U. S. Geol. S urv. C o lum b ia Environ.Res.Ct r., C o lumbi a MO 30 p EcoRefe r ence No.: 77827 C h em ical of C once r n: N Y P C B L ,C uS, P C P ,PM R ; Ha bitat : A; Effect Codes : M O R; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V AL CODED(CB L),OK(ALL C H EMS). 16 0. Dwy er F J ., S a ppi ngt on L C ., B u c k ler D. R ., a n d J one s, S. B ( 1 9 9 5 ). Use of S u r r o g a t e Species i n Ass e ssing Contam inant Risk to E nda ngere d a n d Threate n e d Species. EP A/600/R 96/ 02 9, U S E PA, W a s h in gto n D.C 78 p. EcoRefe r ence No.: 73668 C h em ical of C once r n: PC P, C B L,NYP,PMR,CuS; Ha bitat : A; Effect Codes : MOR; Rej ectio n Code : LI TE EV AL COD E D(OW T RV C u PCP) ,O K( ALL CH EMS). 16 1. Dy nam ac C o rp oratio n (1 9 8 8 ) R e sults of t h e Locust Pesticide Tes ting Trial s in Sudan. Technical Report. USAID C ontract No.AFR -0517-C-00-7 035-00,Dynamac C o rp., Rockville, MD 50 p EcoRefe r ence No.: 81907 C h em ical of C once r n: LC YT TLM CBL,BD C ,CPY, D Z, FN T,M L N; Ha bitat : T; Effect C odes : MOR,ACC,POP; Rejectio n C o d e : LITE EV AL C ODE D ( ADC, CBL),N O EN DPOIN T (DZ) ,O K( MLN) 16 2. Ed ge, V. E. a n d C a sim i r, M ( 1 9 7 6 ) T oxi cit y of Insecticides to A dult Au stralian Pla gue Page 218 of 602

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Locust, C h ortoicetes terminifer a (Orthoptera : Acri didae). J Aust. E nt om ol. Soc 1 4 : 32 1-32 6. EcoRefe r ence No.: 70906 Chem ical of C once r n: DZ ,CP Y ,CBL,RSM ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : M O R; Rej ection C ode : TAR G ET(RSM). 163. Edm i ston, C. E. J., Goheen, M ., Malaney, G. W., and Mills, W. L. (1985). Evaluation of Carbam ate Toxicity: Acute Toxicity in a Cultu re of Param ecium m u ltim icronucleatum upon Expos ure to Al dicarb, Ca rba r yl, and Mexaca rbat e as Measured by Warburg Res p irom etr y and Acute Plate As say. E n viron.Res. 3 6 : 33 8-35 0 EcoRefe r ence No.: 10812 User De fine 2: TITLE M E D, WA SH ,CAL F C h em ical of C once r n: A D C C B L ; Ha bitat : A; Effect Codes : PHY,M O R; Rej ection Code : LITE EVAL C ODE D(ADC). 1 6 4 Ed m i sto n C. E. Jr., Go h e en M., an d Mala ney, G. W. ( 1984 ). En v i r o n m e n tal Assessm e n t of Carbam ate Toxicity: Utilizat ion of the Coomassi e Blue G Soluble Protei n Assay as an Index of En vir o nm ental Toxicity Hazard.Waste 1: 2 0 5 21 5. EcoRefe r ence No.: 11588 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ADC ; Ha bitat : A; Effect Codes : M O R,BC M,CEL; Rej ect io n C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( CBL,ADC ). 165. Edm i ston, C. E. Jr., Gohe en, M., Malaney, G. W., and Mills W. L. (1985 ). Eval uation of C a rbam ate Toxicity : Acute To xicity in a C u lture o f Pa ra m eciu m m u ltim i cron ucleatu m upon Expos ure to Al dicarb, Ca rba r yl, and Mexaca rbat e as Measured by Warburg Res p irom etr y and Acute Plate As say. E n viron.Res. 3 6 : 33 8-35 0 EcoRefe r ence No.: 10812 C h em ical of C once r n: A D C C B L ; Ha bitat : A; Effect Codes : PHY,M O R; Rej ection Code : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL,ADC). 16 6. Ed war d s, C A. ( 1 9 8 3 ). De vel opm ent o f a Standa r d ized La bo rato ry M e th od f o r As sessi ng the To xicity of C h em ical Subs tances to Ear t hwor m s Rep.N o .E UR-8714-EN, Commiss.E u r.Comm un ., Lu xembou rg 141 p. (U.S.NTI S PB8 4 211 713 ). EcoRefe r ence No.: 40546 C h em ical of C once r n: PC P,C u S,C B L ; Ha bi tat : T; Effect Codes : MOR; Rej ection Code : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CuS P C P,CBL), OK(ALL C H EMS ) 16 7. Ed war d s, C A. an d B a ter, J. E ( 1 99 2) T h e Use of Eart hw orm s in E nvir o nm ental M a nagem e nt. Soil Bi ol.Biochem. 24 : 168 3-16 89 EcoRefe r ence No.: 40404 C h em ical of C once r n: C u S P C P,C B L ,C H D ; Ha bitat : T; Effect C ode s : MOR; Rej ection C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( CBL,Cu S ,PCP) OK( CHD). 168. Ehric h M ., C o rrell, L ., Strait, J., M c Ca i n W ., a n d W ilcke, J. ( 1 992) T o xicity and To xico kinetics o f C a r b ary l in C h icke ns and Rats: A C o m p arative St udy. J.Toxic o l.E n viron.He alth 36 : 4 11423 EcoRefe r ence No.: 87555 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : PHY; Rej ection Code : L I TE EV A L CODE D(CBL ) Page 219 of 602

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169. Ehrich, M ., Jortner, B. S ., and Padilla, S. (1995) Com p arison of t h e Relative Inhibition of Acetylcholines terase and Ne uropathy Ta rget Este rase i n R a ts an d Hens Gi ven C h olineste rase In hibito rs. Fun dam.App l.To xico l. 24 : 9 4 -1 01 EcoRefe r ence No.: 87553 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L D D V P M L N; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : PHY,MOR,CEL; Rej ectio n Code : LI TE EV AL COD E D( MLN CBL), OK (DD V P) 170. Ehric h M ., Shell, L., R o z u m M ., a n d J o rt ne r, B S. ( 1 99 3) Sh ort Term C linical an d Neu r opat hol og ic Effects o f C holine s terase I nhi bitors in R a ts. J.A m .C oll.Toxicol. 1 2 : 55 -6 8. EcoRefe r ence No.: 87869 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L M LN, D D V P; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : BCM ,GRO,BE H ,P H Y ,M OR; Rejection Code : LITE E V AL CODE D(CBL M LN), O K ( D D V P) 17 1. El-Sha r k awy A. M Ab delR a hm an, S. Z Hassa n, A A., Ga br M H. El-Zo g hby S. M ., an d ElS ewed y, S. M. ( 199 4) Bio c h e m i cal E ffects of Som e Insectic ides on the Metabolic Enzy m e s R e gu lating Gl utathi one M e tab o lism Bu ll.En viro n.Con t am.Toxico l 52 : 50 5-5 1 0 EcoRefe r ence No.: 74880 C h em ical of C once r n: DM T PM R C B L ; H a bitat : T; Effe ct Codes : BCM; Rej ection Code : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL,DMT),OK(PMR ) 1 7 2 ElT ouk h y M. A Eb ied, S. A H a ssan, A A and ElS ewed y, S. M. (1 98 9) In V i vo Stu d i es on the Effect of Som e Insecticides on the Hepatic Activities of L-Try p tophan 2,3 Dioxyge n ase a n d Pyri doxal Phos phoki n ase of Male Mice. J.E n viro n. Sci. Health P a rt B 24: 2 65276 EcoRefe r ence No.: 75454 C h em ical of C once r n: DM T C B L ,PM R ; H a bitat : T; Effe ct Codes : BCM; Rej ection Code : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL),OK(DMT ,PM R ). 1 7 3 Ellio ttFeeley, E. an d Ar m s tr o n g J. B. (1 982) Ef f ects of Fen itr o t h i on an d Car b ar yl on Xen o pus laevis De velo pm ent. Toxic o logy 2 2 : 3 19335 EcoRefe r ence No.: 15592 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ,F NT; Ha bitat : A; E ffect C o des : M O R, GR O,BE H; Reject ion C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( CBL),O K ( F N T ). 174. EPA/OTS (1992). Initial Submission: Letter from Union Carbid e Corp. to U.S.EPA R e gar d in g Acu t e To xicity Studies of al pha N ap hth o l with C ove r Letter D a ted 0 9 0 2 9 2 EPA/OT S Doc.#88-920009299 EcoRefe r ence No.: 88960 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : M O R,BEH P H Y, GRO; Re jec tion C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( CBL). 175. EPA/OTS (1991). Letter t o U.S.EP A Re gard in g In for m at io n on th e En clo s ed Health an d Safety Stu d ies on Al pha N ap hth o l with Attachm e nts (Sanit ized). EP A/OT S Doc #86 9 200 002 69S EcoRefe r ence No.: 88959 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L VNL; H a bitat : AT; Effect C odes : GRO,M O R,PHY,BEH,BCM; Rej ectio n Co d e : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( CBL). Page 220 of 602

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176. Estenik, J. F. and Collins, W. J. (1979). In Vi vo and In Vitro Studies of Mi xed-Function Oxi d ase i n a n Aq uatic I n sect, C h ir on om us ri pari us. In : M.A. Q. Kha n J. J. Lech, and J.J Menn (Eds.) Pesticide and Xenobiot ic Metabolism in Aquatic Organisms, ACS (Am.C h em.Soc.) Sym p S er .9 9, C h a p ter 21 3 4 9 3 70 ( A ut ho r C o m m unicatio n Used ). EcoRefe r ence No.: 6830 Chem ical of C once r n: AT N, AN D,M L N, PP X,CBL, D L D H CCH, P RN, D DT; Ha bitat : A; Effect C ode s : BCM,PHY; Rej ectio n Cod e : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL,ATN),OK(AL L CHEMS). 177. Eulitz, E. G. (1986). Initial Experim e nts in the Control of False W i reworm (Ten ebrionidae) on T obacc o T r ans p lants. Phytophylactica 18 : 115 -11 9 EcoRefe r ence No.: 74106 User De fine 2: WA SHT Chem ical of C once r n: TLF ,T VP,CBL ,ACP M OM ,ES, DZ C PY; Ha bitat : T; E ffect Codes : MOR,POP,BEH; Rej ection C o d e : O K 17 8. Fair, J M K e nne dy P. L., a n d M c Ewe n L C (1 9 9 5 ) Ef f ects of C a r b ary l Grass h op pe r Control on Nesting Killd eer i n Nort h Dakota. E n viron.Toxi col.Che m 14 : 8 81890 EcoRefe r ence No.: 39974 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : GRO,BCM,AC C ,BEH; Rej e ction C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( CBL). 17 9. FalkP eterse n, I.-B ., K j o r s v ik, E., Lo n n in g, S., Naley, A. M., and Sydn es, L. K. ( 198 5) To x i c Ef f ects of Hydr ox ylated Aromatic Hyd r o c ar bon s o n Mar i n e Em b r yo s. Sarsia 7 0 : 11 1 6. EcoRefe r ence No.: 11059 C h em ical of C once r n: AM S V ,PL, 2 4 DP ,C B L ; Ha bitat : A; Effect C ode s : MOR; Rej ection C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( CBL,AM S V), O K ( PL ,24DP) 18 0. Fara ge-Ela war, M ( 1 99 0) E f f ects of I n O v o In jectio n of C a rbam ates on C h ick Em bry o Hatchability, Esterase Enzyme Activ ity and Locom o tion of Chicks. J A p p l .Toxicol. 10 : 19 7 20 1. EcoRefe r ence No.: 74574 C h em ical of C once r n: A D C C B L ; Ha bitat : T; E ffect Codes : BEH,BC M,MOR; Rej e ctio n C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( CBL,ADC ). 1 8 1 Far a g e E lawar M. (19 8 9 ) Enzy m e an d Behav i or al Ch ang e s in Young Ch ick s as a Resu lt of Carba r yl Treat m e nt. J.Toxic o l.E n viron.He alth 2 6 : 11 9-13 1. EcoRefe r ence No.: 86765 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : B E H,P H Y,M O R,GRO CEL; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V AL CODED(CB L). 18 2. Fara ge-Ela war, M a n d B l aker W. D. ( 1 9 9 2 ). C h ick Em bry o Ex p o su re t o C a rbam ates Alters Neu r ochem i cal Param e ters an d B e havi or. J. Ap pl.T oxicol. 12 : 421 -42 6 EcoRefe r ence No.: 87098 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ADC ; Ha bitat : T; E ffect Codes : BCM ,BE H ,M OR ,GR O ; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V A L CO DED (C BL,A DC). 183. Farage-Elawar, M., Ehrich, M. F., Jort ner, B. S., and Misra, H. P. (1988). Effect s of Multiple Oral Doses of Two Carbam ate Ins ecticides on Esterase Levels in Young and Adult Chickens. Page 221 of 602

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Pestic.Biochem.Physiol. 32 : 2 62268 EcoRefe r ence No.: 87150 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ADC ; Ha bitat : T; E ffect Codes : BCM; Rej ection Code : LITE EVA L CO DE D( ADC ,CBL). 184. Fati m a R. A. and Ahm a d, M. (2006). Allium Cepa Deri ved EROD as a Potential Biom arker fo r the P r esenc e o f C e rtai n Pesticides in Wat e r. Ch emosphere 62 : 5 2 7 537 EcoRefe r ence No.: 88956 C h em ical of C once r n: M P ,HCB,Z n P b,Cr ,Cu,Cd, D M T ,EN DL D, AN D, PA H, 24DX Y ,M L N H CB,DDT ,ES C B L; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : B C M; Rej ection Code : L I TE EVAL CODED( CBL,MLN) OK(ALL CHEMS) 185. Federle, P. F. and Collins, W. J. (1976). Insecticide Toxic ity to Three Insects from Ohio Po nds Ohio J.Sci. 76: 1 9 2 4. EcoRefe r ence No.: 7775 Ch em ica l o f Co n c ern : DD T,PRN CBL,D DVP, P PX M LN ,DZ, AN D, CPY A T N, H C CH ,DLD ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR; Rej ection C ode : LIT E EVAL CODE D(CBL D Z, AT N), O K( ALL C H EM S ) 18 6. Fer n an dezAlb a A R G u il, L. H., Lo p ez, G. D. a n d Chi s ti, Y. ( 2 001) Toxicity of Pesticides in Wastewater: A Com p ara tive Asses s m e nt of R a pid B i oassa y s A nal.C him Acta 4 2 6 : 2 89301 EcoRefe r ence No.: 74540 Chem ical of C once r n: DZ ,D DT,CBL,CBF M LN,CYR ,F M P ,FTT ,PPM P A Q T En dp oint: M O R ; Ha bitat : A; Rej ection Code : L I TE EVAL C ODE D(CBF). 1 8 7 Fish er, S. W. an d Lo hn er, T. W. (1 986 ) St udies on the Environm ental Fate of Carbaryl as a Fun c tio n of pH. Arc h E nvir o n .C ont am .T oxicol. 15: 6 6 1 66 7. EcoRefe r ence No.: 12261 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR,ACC; R e j ection Cod e : LITE EVAL CODED ( CBL) 188. Fisher, S. W., Lydy, M. J., Barger, J., and Landrum P. F. (1993). Quan titative StructureActivity Relati onshi ps for Predicting t h e Toxic ity of Pesticides i n Aquatic Syste m s with Sedim e nt. Env i ron.Toxicol.C h em. 1 2 : 13 07-1 318 EcoRefe r ence No.: 7293 C h em ical of C once r n: A D C PPX ,PR N ,M LN E TN ,DD V P MP CBF ,CBL; Habitat : A; Effect C odes : MOR,BCM; Rej ectio n C o d e : LI TE EVAL CODED( CBL,CBF,ADC) OK(ALL CHEMS). 189. Foster, G. D. and Tullis R. E. (1984). A Quantitative Struct ureActivity R e lationshi p Between Partition C o efficient s and t h e Acut e Toxi city of Napht halene De rivatives in Art e m i a salina Nauplii. Aquat.Toxicol. 5 : 2 45254 EcoRefe r ence No.: 11322 C h em ical of C once r n: N A P H ,PA H ,C B L ; H a bitat : A; E f f ect Codes : BEH; Rej ection C ode : LITE EV AL C ODE D ( CBL,N AP H). 19 0. Fo ur nier, M B e rnier J. Fli p o D., an d K r zy sty n iak, K. ( 1 9 8 6 ) E v aluat i on o f Pesticid e Page 222 of 602

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Effects on Hum o ral Response to Sheep Erythrocytes an d Mouse Hepatitis Virus 3 by Im m unoso r be n t Analy s is. Pestic.Biochem.Physiol. 26 : 3 53364 EcoRefe r ence No.: 75357 Chem ical of C once r n: DL D, M L N,CBF,M OM ,CBL, A Z; Ha bitat : T; Effect C ode s : C EL,P HY; R e jection C ode : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL,AZ),OK(ALL C H EMS). 19 1. Frem pon g-B o a d u J. ( 1 96 6 ) A La b o rato ry Study o f the Ef fectivenes s of M e tho x y c hlo r Fenthi on an d C a rba r y l A g ainst B l ack fly Larvae (Diptera: Sim u li idae). Mosq.News 26: 5 62 56 4. EcoRefe r ence No.: 2828 C h em ical of C once r n: M X C FNT H ,C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : B E H; Rejecti o n Code : LITE EV AL C ODE D ( CBL), OK (M XC, F N T H) 1 9 2 Gaabou b, I A., El-Gayar F. M., an d Hela l, E. M. (1 975 ) Co m p ar ativ e Bio a ssay Stud ies on Larvae of C u le x pipiens a n d the Microcrusta cean Daphnia m a gna. Bull.Entomol. Soc.E g ypt, Econ.Ser. 9: 7 7 8 4. EcoRefe r ence No.: 15291 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L M LN, DDT; H a bitat : A; E f f ect Codes : M O R; Rej ection Code : LITE EV AL C ODE D ( CBL), OK (D DT ,M L N ). 193. Gallo, D., Merendi no, A., Kei zer, J., and Vittozzi, L. (1 995). Acute Toxi city of Two Carbam ates to the Guppy (Poecilia reticulata) and the Zebrafish (B rachydanio reri o). Sci.Total Environ. 1 7 1 : 1 3113 6. EcoRefe r ence No.: 18726 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ADC ; Ha bitat : A; Effect Codes : M O R; Rej ectio n Cod e : LITE EVA L CO DE D(CBL, A DC). 194. Geiger, D. L., Call, D. J ., and Brooke, L. T. ( 1988). Acute Toxicities of Organic Chem icals to Fathead Minnows (Pim ephales prom elas). C t r.for L a ke Superior E n viron.Stud., V o lume 4, Un iv.o f Wiscon sinSup erio r, S u p e rio r WI 35 5. EcoRefe r ence No.: 12859 User De fine 2: ECOT OX M E D, WA SH ,CA L F,CORE C h em ical of C once r n: M O M AC C B M C,BMN,CBL,DS,DZ,MLN,PM R ; Hab itat : A ; Ef fect C odes : MOR; Rej ection Code : LITE E V A L CO DED ( M O M ) 195. Geiger, D. L., Call, D. J ., and Brooke, L. T. ( 1988). Acute Toxicities of Organic Chem icals to Fathead Minnows (Pim ephales prom elas). C t r.for L a ke Superior E n viron.Stud., V o lume 4, Un iv.o f Wiscon sinSup erio r, S u p e rio r WI 35 5. EcoRefe r ence No.: 12859 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : MOM,ACC,BMC, BM N,CBL, D S, DZ,M L N ,PM R ,ACL,C 8O H, DZ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR; Rej ection C ode : LIT E EVAL CODE D( DZ ,C8O H,M O M A C L), O K ( A LL CHEM S) 196. Geiger, D. L., Call, D. J ., and Brooke, L. T. ( 1988). Acute Toxicities of Organic Chem icals to Fathead Minnows (Pim ephales prom elas) Volum e IV. Ctr.fo r La ke Sup erio r En viro n.S t ud ., Vo lume 4 Un iv.o f Wisco n sinSup erio r, S uperio r WI 35 5. EcoRefe r ence No.: 12859 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : MOM,ACC,BMC,BM N,CBL,CP Y ,DS DZ ,M LN P M R ,C8O H, A C L; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR; Rej ection C ode : LIT E EVAL Page 223 of 602

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CODE D(CBL ,DZ,C 8 OH,M OM,ACL),OK(ALL C H EMS ) 197. Geiger, D. L., Nort hcott, C. E., Call, D. J., and Brooke, L. T. (1 985). Acute Toxicities of Or ga nic C h em icals to Fat h ead M i nn ow s ( P im ephales pr om elas), Vol u m e 2. Ctr.fo r La ke Su peri or E n vir o n St ud ., U n iv. o f Wisco n si nS upe rior, S u p eri o r, WI 32 6 p EcoRefe r ence No.: 12447 Chem ical of C once r n: N Y P P C P,SL A, NA P H ,C8O H,P L ,B ZO,P A H ,CBL; Ha bitat : A; Effect C odes : MOR,BEH; Rej ection C o d e : LIT E EVAL CODE D( CBL,NAPH,C8 OH,PCP). 19 8. Genc soy l u I ., Liu, W. Usm a ni, K. A. a n d Kn o w les, C O ( 1 99 8) T o xicity of Acaricid es to the Bul b Mite Rhizoglyphus echinopus (Ac a ri: Acari d ae). Exp.Appl.Ac a r o l. 2 2 : 34 3-3 51. EcoRefe r ence No.: 64443 C h em ical of C once r n: TFY, FPP ,CY P ,D DT, I M C ,CP Y D Z, DM T,C B L,RTN, PM R, FN V,BFT CBF,DL D E N A N D ,F P N; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : MOR; Rej ectio n Cod e : LI TE E V A L CODE D(CBF ) TAR G ET (DM T ,RTN ,CYP ), OK (A LL C H E M S). 199. Geor ge, T L ., M c Ewen, L C. and Fowler A. ( 199 2) Eff e cts o f a Carb aryl Bait Tr eat men t on N o ntar get Wil d life. En v i r o n. En tom o l. 21 : 123 9-1 247 EcoRefe r ence No.: 36760 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : POP,BCM; Rej e ction C ode : LITE EVAL CODED( CBL) 20 0. Gh os h, P., B h a ttachary a S ., a n d B h attacha r y a S. ( 1 98 9) I m pact of N o nlethal Levels o f M e tacid-5 0 a n d C a r b a r y l o n Thy r oid Fu nction an d C h oline r gic Sy stem of C h an na p uncta tus. Biome d .E nvir o n S ci. 2 : 9297 EcoRefe r ence No.: 14305 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : B C M; Rej ection Code : L I TE EVAL CODE D(CBL ) 20 1. Gh os h, P., B h a ttachary a S ., a n d B h attacha r y a S. ( 1 99 0) I m pair m e nt of t h e R e gulatio n of Go na dal F unct i on i n C h an na pu nctatus by M e tacid-5 0 a n d C a r b a r y l U n der Lab o r atory an d Field C o n d itions. Biomed .Enviro n .S ci. 3: 1 0 6 1 12 EcoRefe r ence No.: 14303 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : B C M; Rej ection Code : L I TE EVAL CODE D(CBL ) 20 2. Gh os h, P., G h o s h, S., B o se S an d B h attach ary a S ( 1 99 3 ) Gl utathio n e Depletio n i n th e Liver a n d Kid n e y of C h a nna p unctatu s E x p o s e d to C a r b ary l and M e tacid5 0 Sci.Tot a l Environ. 641 -64 5 EcoRefe r ence No.: 4345 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : B C M; Rej ection Code : L I TE EVAL CODE D(CBL ) 20 3. Gh os h, S. a n d B h attachary a S. ( 1 99 2 ) El ev ation of C R e a c tive Pr otein i n Ser u m of C h a nna pu nctatus as a n I ndicato r of Water Pollution. I ndi an J.Ex p. Biol. 3 0 : 73 673 7. EcoRefe r ence No.: 2686 C h em ical of C once r n: PL, N H C d C l ,H gC l2 C B L ; Ha bitat : A; Effect Codes : BCM; Rej ectio n Code : LI TE EVAL CODED( CB L) ,OK( PL,NH,Cd Cl,Hg C l2 ). Page 224 of 602

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20 4. Gib b s, K. E. M i ng o, T M C o u r tem a nch, D. L., an d Stairs, D. J. ( 1 9 8 1 ). T h e Ef fects on Pond Macroinverte brates from Forest Sp ray i ng o f C a r b ary l (Se v in -4 O il) and Its Persiste nce in W a ter and Sedim e nt. I n : K G.S t ra tto n (Ed.) En viron Mon it.Rep.from the 19 80 Ma in e C o o p er ative S p ru ce B udw or m Su p p ressio n Project, M a ine Fore st Serv ., Dep of C o nser vation Au gust a ME 12 1-1 4 7 EcoRefe r ence No.: 14762 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : GRO,MOR,POP; Rej ectio n Cod e : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL). 205. Gibbs, K. E., R a beni, C. F., St anley, J. G., and Trial, J. G. (19 79). The Effects of a Split Ap plication o f Sevin 4Oil o n A quatic Or ga nism s. Report to the Mai n e F o rest Service, Dep.Entomol., Maine Coop.Fi s h.Re s.Unit, Univ.of Mai n e, Orono, ME 50 p EcoRefe r ence No.: 4766 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : P O P,PHY,M O R BCM,BEH; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V AL CODED(CB L). 20 6. Goats G C a n d E d wa rd s, C A ( 1 98 8 ) Th e Pre d iction o f Field T oxicity of C h em icals to Ear t hwor m s b y Labo r a to r y M e th od s. In: C.A.Edw a r d s and E F.Ne uhaus e r (Eds.) Earthw or ms i n Waste and E n vironme n tal Ma nag emen t, S P B Acad .Pub l., Th e Ha gu e, Netherlands 283 -29 4 EcoRefe r ence No.: 40416 C h em ical of C once r n: TPM P C P,C H D,C B L ; Ha bitat : T; Effect C ode s : MOR; Rej ection C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( PCP,CBL) O K ( AL L CH EM S ) 20 7. Goel, H C an d S r ivasta va, C P. ( 1 9 8 1 ) La bo rato ry E v alu a tion of S o m e M o lluscicides Agai nst Fres h Water Snails, Indop lanorbis a n d Lym n aea Species. J.Commun.Dis. 13 : 12 1 12 7. EcoRefe r ence No.: 8716 C h em ical of C once r n: Na PC P,C u S C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR; Rej ection C ode : LITE EVAL C ODE D(AL L C H EMS). 208. Gordon, C J. Her r D. W., G e nni ngs, C. Gr aff, J. E., M c M u r r ay, M St or k, L., Coffey, T., Hamm A., and Mack C. M. (2 006 ). Th er m o r e gu lato r y Resp on se to an Org a nop ho sph a te and Carbam ate Insecticide Mixture: Testin g the Assum p tion of Dose-Additivi t y. Toxic o logy 2 17: 11 3 EcoRefe r ence No.: 87642 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ,C PY; Ha bitat : T; Effect Codes : PHY,BCM ,BEH; Rej ection C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( CBL),O K (C P Y ). 2 0 9 Gor don C J. an d Mack, C. M ( 200 1) Diurn a l Var i atio n in Th er m o r e g u l ato r y Resp on se to Chlorpyrifos an d Carbaryl in the Rat. Toxic o logy 16 9: 93 1 0 5 EcoRefe r ence No.: 86768 C h em ical of C once r n: C P Y C B L; Ha bitat : T; Effect Codes : PHY,B E H; Rej ection C o de : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL),OK(CP Y ). 21 0. Go u d a, R K., Tripathy N K. an d Das C C ( 1 98 1) T o xicity of Dim ecron, Sevi n a n d Lindex t o Anabas scandens an d Heteropneustes fossilis. C o m p P hysi ol.E col. 6: 1 7 0 1 72 EcoRefe r ence No.: 15652 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : CBL,HCCH; Hab itat : A; E ffect Codes : M O R, GRO, PH Y,BE H; Page 225 of 602

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Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V AL CODED(CB L),OK(HCC H ). 211. Grafton-Cardwell, E. E. and Hoy, M. A. (1985). Intr aspecifi c Variability in Response to Pesticides in t h e Com m on Green Lace wing, Ch ry so pe rla ca rnea (Ste phe ns ) ( N e u r o ptera: C h ry so pi dae). Hilgardi a 53: 13 1 EcoRefe r ence No.: 73696 User Def i n e 2 : WASHT,CALFT,CORE C h em ical of C once r n: M O M DZ,PM R F N V C B L ,PSM ; H a bitat : T; Effe ct Codes : MOR,REP; Rej ectio n Cod e : OK. 21 2. Gre g ory D. A Jo h n s o n D. L ., a n d T hom pson B H. ( 1 99 3) T h e Im pact o f B r a n B a its Treated with the Insectic id es Car b ar yl, Ch lor p yr i f o s and Di methoate on t h e Survivorship and Reproductive Success of Non-Ta rget Mous e Populations Agric.Ecosy s t.Environ. 45 : 95 -10 3 EcoRefe r ence No.: 49731 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ,C PY, D M T ; Ha bitat : T; Effec t Codes : GR O,REP; Rej ection C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( DM T,CBL) O K (CP Y ) 21 3. Gre g ory D. A Jo h n s o n D. L ., a n d T hom pson B H. ( 1 99 4) T h e T o xicity of B r a n B a its, Form ulated with Carba r yl, Ch lorpyrifos and Dim e thoate, on Yellow Mealworm s (Tene b rio m o litor L. ). J.Agric.E n tomol. 11 : 8594 EcoRefe r ence No.: 64549 User De fine 2: WA SHT CA L F T C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ,C PY, D M T ; Ha bitat : T; R e jec tion C ode : TARGET(DMT ) 21 4. Gu pta, M a n d Am m a M K P. ( 1 99 3 ) Alterations in He pa tic B i ochem i str y of M i ce Int oxicated wit h MIC, Carbaryl and Thiram J.A p pl.T oxico l 13 : 3337 EcoRefe r ence No.: 87867 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ,T HM ; Ha bitat : T; Effect Codes : BCM; Rejection C ode : LITE EVAL CODED( CBL) OK( THM) 21 5. Gu pta, S. K. a n d S u n d a r aram an, V. ( 1 98 8) C a rba r y l an d E n d o s u lp ha n I n duce d Alterations in the Intestinal alpha-Am y lase Ac tivity of Phereti m a post h uma. Cu rr.S ci. 5 7 : 11 16111 8. EcoRefe r ence No.: 81473 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ,E S; Ha bitat : T; Effect Codes : PHY,BEH; R e j ection Cod e : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL),OK(ES ) 216. Gupta, S. K. and Sundar araman, V. (1991). Co rrelation Between B u rro wi ng Capability and AChE Activity in the Eart hworm Phere tim a post h um a, on Ex pos u r e to C a rba r y l Bull.Envir o n.C ont am .T oxicol. 46 : 859 -86 5 EcoRefe r ence No.: 86759 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : PHY,BEH,MOR; Rej ectio n Co d e : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL). 217. Haile, F. J. Pet e rson, R. K. D. and Higley L G ( 1 999). Ga s-E x cha n ge Re sponses of Alf a lfa and Soybea n T r eated w ith Insecticides. J. Ec on .E nto m ol. 92 : 954 -95 9 EcoRefe r ence No.: 64569 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : CBF,C PY,PMR,SS,CYF,CBL; Hab itat : T; Effec t Codes : P HY; Rej ectio n Code : LI TE EVAL CODED( CYF,CBF) OK(ALL CHEM S) Page 226 of 602

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218. Haines T. A. (1981). E ffect of an Aer i al App licatio n o f Car b ar yl on Brook Tr ou t ( S alv e lin u s fontinalis). B u ll.Enviro n.C o n t am. T oxic ol. 27 : 534 -54 2 EcoRefe r ence No.: 2948 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR; Rej ection C ode : LITE EVAL CODED( CBL) 219. Han, R. S h im J. C. Hong, H K ., Lee, J S Cho, H. W. a n d Kim C. L. ( 1 981) St udies on Control Effects of Pesticide A pplications Against the Vector Mos q uito La rvae in Rice Fie l ds in Korea. Korean J.Entomol. 11 : 3945 EcoRefe r ence No.: 10440 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ,C PY, A B T D Z, F N T,M L N, Ha bitat : A; E ffe ct Codes : MOR,POP; Rej ectio n Cod e : LITE EVAL C ODE D(DZ ),OK(ALL CHEM S). 220. Hanazat o, T. (1995). Co m b ined E ffect of the Insectic ide C a rba r yl and the Cha o borus Kair om one o n Helm et Devel o pm ent in Da ph nia am bigua. Hydr o b iol ogi a 31 0: 95 1 0 0 EcoRefe r ence No.: 16374 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR,GR O; R e j ection Code : LITE EVAL CODED( CBL) 221. Hanazat o, T. (1991). E ff ect of L o nga n d Short-Term Ex posure to Ca rba r yl on Survival, Gr owt h a n d R e pr o ductio n of Dap h n ia am bigua. Environ.Pollut. 74: 1 3 9 14 8. EcoRefe r ence No.: 3941 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : R E P,GR O,M O R ; Rej ection Code : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL). 222. Hanazat o, T. (1991). E ffects of Repeated Application of C a rba r yl on Z ooplankton Comm unities i n Experim e ntal Ponds With or W ithout t h e Predator Chaoborus. Environ.Pollut 74 : 30 9-3 2 4 EcoRefe r ence No.: 3939 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : POP; Rej ection Code : L I TE EV A L CODE D(CBL ) 223. Hanazat o, T. (1992). In sectic ide Induci n g Helm et Developm ent in Da phnia a m bigua Arch. H y d r obi o l 12 3 : 45 1-4 57. EcoRefe r ence No.: 17178 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : G R O,M O R ; R e jection C ode : LITE EVAL CODED( CBL) 224. Hanazat o, T. (1991). Pesticides as C h em ic a l Agents Induci ng Helm et Form ation in Da phnia am bigua. Freshw.Biol. 26 : 41 9-4 2 4 EcoRefe r ence No.: 17470 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : ODZ,CBL,TBC,DZ,FNTH,FNT; Hab itat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V AL CODED(CB L,DZ ),OK(AL L CHEMS ) 225. Hanazat o, T. a n d Dodson, S. I. (1992). Com p lex Ef fects of a Kairom one of Cha o borus a n d a n Insecticide on Da phn ia pu lex. J.Pl ankt o n Re s. 14 : 17 43 -175 5. EcoRefe r ence No.: 4118 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : GRO,MOR,REP; Rej ectio n Cod e : Page 227 of 602

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LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL). 226. Hanazat o, T. a n d Dodson S. I. (1993). Morp hological Res p onses of Four Species of Cyclo m orphic Daphnia to a S h ort-Te rm Exposure t o th e Insecticide Carbaryl. J.Plankton Res. 1 5 : 10 87-1 095 EcoRefe r ence No.: 7128 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : G R O,M O R ; R e jection C ode : LITE EVAL CODED( CBL) 227. Hanazat o, T. a n d Hi roka wa, H. (2004). C h a nge s in Vulne r ability of Da phnia t o a n Inse cticide Application Depending on the Population Phase. Freshw .Biol. 49 : 4 02409 EcoRefe r ence No.: 75186 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : P O P, GR O; R e je ction C ode : LITE EVAL CODED( CBL) 2 2 8 Hann y, B an d Harv ey, J. ( 198 2) Sev i n Sp rayab l e Ver s us Sev i n XLR App lied to Field Co rn (Zea m a ys L.) at Pine Bluffs, W y om ing E ffects on Honey Bees (Apis m e llifera L.). Am.Bee J. 122 : 506 -508 EcoRefe r ence No.: 35206 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : M O R,ACC,B E H,REP; Rej ection C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D (CBL). 22 9. Hans en C R Jr. a n d Kawats ki, J A ( 197 6). App licatio n of 2 4 H ou r Postex po su r e Observation to Acute T oxicity Studies with In verte b rates. J.Fish .Res.Board C a n. 3 3 : 119 8 1 201 EcoRefe r ence No.: 7796 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L M LN,E DT, D L D ; Habitat : A ; Ef fect Codes : MOR,PHY; Rej ectio n Code : LI TE EV AL COD E D( CBL) ,O K( MLN, ED T,D L D ) 2 3 0 Han s en, D. J., Sch i mmel, S. C., an d Keltn er, J. M Jr ( 1973 ). Avo i d a n ce o f Pesticid es by Grass S h rim p ( P alaem onetes pu gio ) B u ll.E n viro n.C ont am .Toxic ol. 9: 1 2 9 1 33 EcoRefe r ence No.: 5146 Chem ical of C once r n: 24DX Y ,CBL,CP Y M LN, DDT ,E N ; Ha bitat : A; Effect C ode s : BEH; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V AL CODED(CB L),OK(ALL C H EMS). 231. Hardersen, S. and Wratten, S. D. (1996). The Sensitivity of t h e Nym phs of Two New Zealand Dam s elfly Species (O d onata: Zy g optera ) t o Azin ph os -M ethy l an d C a r b a r y l Aust.J.Ecot o xicol. 2 : 5560 EcoRefe r ence No.: 67674 C h em ical of C once r n: AZ ,C B L ; Ha bitat : A; E ffect C o des : M O R ; R e jection C ode : LITE EVAL CODED (AZ,CBL) OK(ALL CHEM S) 232. Hassa n, A. A M ., ElS ewe d y S. M ., M i na togawa Y., and Kido, R ( 1 990). E ffects of S o m e Insecticides on Several Enzymes of Try p t o pha n M e ta boli s m in R a ts. J. Enviro n. Sci. He alth Part B 25 : 3 33346 EcoRefe r ence No.: 75455 C h em ical of C once r n: DM T C B L ,FN V ; Ha bitat : T; Effec t Codes : BCM; Rej ection Code : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL),OK(DMT ,F NV). Page 228 of 602

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23 3. Hatakey a m a S. an d Su gay a Y. ( 1 9 8 9 ) A Fres hwate r S h r i m p (Paraty a c o m p ressa im provisa ) as a Sensitive Test Orga nism to Pesticides. Environ.Pollut 59 : 3 25336 EcoRefe r ence No.: 984 C h em ical of C once r n: C u S C B L,DZ ,TB C FNTH,Zn S ,BTC,TBC,Cd Cl,ODZ; Hab itat : A; Effect C ode s : MOR,PHY; R e j ection Code : LITE E VAL CODE D(CBL D Z,C u S) ,O K ( ALL CHEMS). 23 4. Have ns K E (1 9 9 4 ) A n E x perim e ntal C o m p arison of the Effects of T w o Chem ical Stressors on a F r es hwate r Z o o p lan k to n Assem b lage. Environ.Pollut 84 : 2 45251 EcoRefe r ence No.: 17295 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ,C uS; Ha bitat : A; E ffect C o des : PO P; R e je ction C ode : LITE EVAL CODED( CBL,C u S ) 23 5. Have ns K E (1 9 9 5 ) I n secticide (C a r ba ry l, 1 Na pthy lNM e thy l carbam a te) Ef fects on a Fres hwate r Pla nkt on C o m m unity : Zoo p lan k t on Size, B i om ass, a n d Al gal Ab u nda nce. Wa t e r Air Soil Pollut. 84 : 1-1 0 EcoRefe r ence No.: 16370 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : POP; Rej ection Code : L I TE EV A L CODE D(CBL ) 23 6. Have rty M I. and Wo od J R ( 1 9 8 1 ) R e si dual Toxicity of Eleve n Insect icide Form ulations to the M o untai n Pi ne C one B eetle, C o n o pht ho r u s m onticolae H o p k in s. J.Ga.En t omo l .Soc. 16: 7 7 8 3. EcoRefe r ence No.: 70899 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : RSM,CBL,HCCH,CYP,DZ; Hab itat : T; Effect Codes : MOR; Rej ectio n Code : TAR G ET (CYP,RSM ). 237. Heath, R. G. S p ann, J. W., Hi ll, E. F ., a n d K r eitzer, J F ( 1 972). C o m p arative Dietary Toxicities of Pesticides to Birds. U.S.Bu reau o f Spo rt Fisheries an d Wild life.S p ecia l Scientific Report-Wildlife No.152 57 p EcoRefe r ence No.: 35214 C h em ical of C once r n: SZ,D DT ,D Z,P CB,ALD A TZ, CBL,DL D ,E N, HCCH,PRN,PCP,TXP ,DMT; Habitat : T; Effect C ode s : MOR; Rej ection C ode : LIT E EVAL CODE D(CBL D Z, ATZ SZ, D M T ),O K ( AL L CHEM S) 23 8. Heise, G. A a n d H u dso n J. D. (1 9 8 5 ) Ef fe cts of Pesticide s an d Dr u g s on Wor k in g M e m o ry in Rats: Contin uou s NonMatch Ph ar mac o l.Bioche m.B e h a v. 23 : 5 99605 EcoRefe r ence No.: 87852 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ,P PX, D M ; Habit a t : T; Effect Codes : BEH; Rej ection Code : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL),OK(PP X ,DM). 23 9. Heldal, M ., N o rlan d, S., Lien, T., K n utsen, G., T j essem K ., a n d Aa r b er g, A. ( 1 984) T o xic Responses of t h e Gree n Alga Dunaliella bioc ul ata (Chl orophycea, Vol voc ales) to Selected Oxi d ised Hy dr ocar b ons Environ.Pollut.Ser.A 3 4 : 11 9132. EcoRefe r ence No.: 11267 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : GRO,POP,M O R ; Rej ection Code : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL). Page 229 of 602

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24 0. Heller, P. R a n d Kello g g S. ( 1 9 8 8 ). S u m m er C o ntr o l of N o rt her n M a s k e d C h afe r Gr ub s o n a Go lf Cour se R o ugh in Sn yd er Cou n t y, PA, 19 87 Insectic.Acaric.Te sts 13 : 333 ( N o 12G) EcoRefe r ence No.: 88812 C h em ical of C once r n: EP, D Z C B L ; Ha bitat : T; E ffect C o des : POP; R e jection C ode : LITE EVAL CODED( CBL) OK( EP,DZ) 24 1. Hellm a n, J. L., Patton T W., and Hellm an, E. L. ( 1 98 8) C ont rol of G r ee n J u n e B eetle Gr ub s on G o lf C o urs e Fair way s 19 87 Insectic.A caric.Tests 1 3 : 32 9 (N o. 5 G ). EcoRefe r ence No.: 88815 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ,C YF, FPP ,TC F ,ACP,DZ,FVL,CPY,PPX,PM R; Hab itat : T; Effect C ode s : MOR; Rej ection C ode : LIT E EVA L CO DE D(CBL, D Z ) O K( ALL CHEM S). 24 2. Hellm a n, J. L., Patton T W., Salvag gio R S., a n d Gr o v e, J. ( 1 98 8) C ont rol of G r ee n J u ne Beetle Gr ub s on a Go lf C o ur se, 198 5. Insectic.Acaric.Te sts 13 : 364 ( N o 69 G) EcoRefe r ence No.: 88817 C h em ical of C once r n: C P Y DZ, I ZF ,C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : POP; Rej ection Code : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL,DZ),OK(CP Y,IZ F). 24 3. Hellm a n, J. L., Patton T W., Salvag gio R S., Vinis L. a n d G r ove J. ( 1 988). C ont rol of Gray Garden Slugs in No-Tillage, 1985. Ins ectic.Acaric.Te sts 13 : 214 ( N o. 52 F) EcoRefe r ence No.: 88904 C h em ical of C once r n: M C B FN F, MP, CBL,FNV P MR ; Habitat : T; Effe ct Codes : PO P; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V AL CODED(CB L),OK(ALL C H EMS). 24 4. Hem i ngway J an d Geo r ghi o u G. P. ( 1 9 8 3 ) Stu d ies o n th e Acety l choli n esterase of An o pheles albi m a nus R e sista n t an d Su scep ti ble to Orga nophos phate a n d Carbam ate Insecticides. Pestic.Biochem.Physiol. 19 : 1 6 7 17 1. EcoRefe r ence No.: 11596 Chem ical of C once r n: TM P, F N T,CBL, P RN F NT H,P P X M L N; Ha bitat : A; E ffect C o des : PHY,MOR; R e j ection Cod e : LITE E VAL CODE D(CBL ),OK(ALL C H EMS) 24 5. Her b ert, D A. Jr. (1 9 9 2 ) C o r n Ea rw o r m C ontr o l in Pean ut in Vi rgi n ia, 19 91 In : A.K.Burditt,Jr.(Ed.) Insectic ide and Acarici d e Tests, Vo lume 17, Entomol.Soc.of Am., Lan ham, MD 24 9-2 5 0 EcoRefe r ence No.: 79285 C h em ical of C once r n: FP P,C Y H,BFT,CBL,EFV,ACP; Hab itat : T; Effec t Codes : POP; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V AL CODED(BF T,EF V),OK(ALL CHEM S). 246. Hernandez, D. A., Lom b ardo R. J., Ferrari, L., and Tortorelli, M. C. (1990). Toxicity of Ethy l-Parat h io n a n d C a r b ary l o n Ea rly De ve lopm ent of Sea Ur chi n Bull.Envir o n.C ont am .T oxicol. 34: 734-741 (OECDG Data File). EcoRefe r ence No.: 3490 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ,E PR N; Ha bitat : A; Effect Codes : GR O; R e jection C ode : LITE EVAL CODED( CBL) OK( EPRN). 2 4 7 Herr on G. A. (1 990 ). Resistan ce to Gr ain Pro t ectan ts an d Ph o s ph in e in C o leo p t erou s Pests of Grai n St ore d o n Fa rm s in Ne w S o uth Wales J. Aust. E nt om ol.S oc. 29 : 1 83189 EcoRefe r ence No.: 70674 Page 230 of 602

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C h em ical of C once r n: R S M C B L ; Ha bitat : T; E ffect Codes : M O R; Rej ectio n Cod e : TARGET(RS M). 2 4 8 Hill, E. F. ( 1979 ). Cho lin esterase Activ ity in Jap a n e se Qu ail Du sted with Car b ar yl. Lab.A n im.Sci. 29: 3 4 9 35 2. EcoRefe r ence No.: 50180 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : B C M; Rej ection Code : L I TE EVAL CODE D(CBL ) 249. Hill, E. F. and Ca m a rdese, M. B. (19 86). Let h al Dietary Toxicities of Envi ronm ental Contam inants and Pestic ides to Cot u rnix. U.S.Fish Wildl.Serv., Fi sh Wildl.Tech.Rep.No.2 14 7 p. EcoRefe r ence No.: 50181 C h em ical of C once r n: PRT, AD C, PM R, PRN PAQ T ,A CP,N aled, M LN ,H CCH ,H PT, F NF, E N ES,TMP, M TAS,MTM, M O M A N D A TZ,BM Y, DCT P ,CBL,Capta n, CPY,TB O, DZ, D LD ,D U, FN T H A Z,S Z ,M A N EB; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : M O R,BEH; Rej e ctio n C o d e : LITE E VAL CODE D( A D C, ACP,M L N,M T AS,M TM ,M OM ,CBL,Ca p tan, DZ, S Z) ,O K ( AL L CH EM S ) 250. Hill, E. F. Heath, R. G ., Spann, J. W., and W illiam s J. D. (1975). Lethal Dietary Toxici ties of Environm ental Pollutants t o Birds. U.S.Fish and Wildlif e Serv ice, Special Scientific Report-Wildlife 19 1 : 161 EcoRefe r ence No.: 35243 C h em ical of C once r n: 24D X Y ABT ADC, A M T L AN D, ATZ Ca ptan,CBF ,CBL ,Cd,C r ,D DT ,D LD, D M T D S, DU ,DZ ES,ET N F NT H CCH, H g, HP T,M C PB,M LN ,M P,M R X,M T AS,M XC, N aled,P b, PCB,PCL PCP ,PQT ,PR N ,PR T ,PY N ,R SM ,R TN,S Z,T F M T H M T V P,T X P Zn,Z nP ,A s,A Z ,O XD; Ha bitat : T; Effect C ode s : MOR; Rej ection C ode : LIT E EVAL CODE D (M TAS CBL, D Z, ATZ CBF, ADC,M OM D M T ,SZ, Zn P, RTN RSM, MCPB ,PCP,PRT ), O K ( A L L CHEMS ) 2 5 1 Hislop R. G. an d Prok op y, R. J. ( 198 1) In teg r ated Man a g e men t o f Ph ytop h a go us Mites in Massachu s etts ( U .S.A .) A p p l e O r ch ar ds. 2. Influe nce of Pe sticides on the Pre d ator Am blyseius fallacis (Aca rina: Phytos eiidae) Un de r La bo rat o ry a n d Field C o n d itions Prot.Ec o l. 3: 1 5 7 17 2. EcoRefe r ence No.: 70632 User Def i n e 2 : REPS,WASHT,CALFT,C O RE,SENT Chem ical of C once r n: SZ,CB L ,DZ PR N,ES N H M O M DM T; Ha bitat : T; Effect Codes : MOR,REP,POP; Rejection C ode : TA RG ET ( D MT) 25 2. Ho ffm an, D. J. an d Albe rs, P. H. ( 1 9 8 4 ) E v aluation o f P o t e ntial Em bry o toxicity an d Teratogenicity of 42 Herbicides, Insecticides, an d Petr oleu m C ontam inan ts to Mallard Eggs. Arch. E nvir on C ont am .T oxico l 13 : 1527 EcoRefe r ence No.: 35249 C h em ical of C once r n: ACP,CBL, D Z DM T,E N H CCH,M L N ,M OM ,Naled,PR N ,P M R ,PSM ,SP S T M P ,TX P A M TL, ATZ,BM N,M C PA, 2 4D XY D M B ,G YP ,P A Q T,PC L,PR O, PPN ,TF N A LS V; Habitat : T; Effect C ode s : MOR,GR O,DVP; Rej ection Code : L I TE EV A L CODE D(M O M DM T, DM B, ALS V ) O K (A LL CHEM S e x cept BM N,M C PA-M IX TUR E ). 25 3. Ho ffm an, D. J. an d Albe rs, P. H. ( 1 9 8 4 ) E v aluation o f P o t e ntial Em bry o toxicity an d Page 231 of 602

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Teratogenicity of 42 Herbicides, Insecticides, an d Petr oleu m C ontam inan ts to Mallard Eggs. Arch. E nvir on C ont am .T oxico l 13 : 1527 EcoRefe r ence No.: 35249 C h em ical of C once r n: ACP,CBL, D Z DM T,E N H CCH,M L N ,M OM ,Naled,PR N ,P M R ,PSM ,SP S T M P ,TX P A M TL, ATZ,BM N,M C PA, 2 4D XY D M B ,G YP ,P A Q T,PC L,PR O, PPN ,TF N A LS V; Habitat : T; Effect C ode s : MOR,GR O; R e j ection Code : LITE E VAL CODE D(CBL A CP,PR O D Z, ATZ,M O M D M T,DM B, AL SV) O K ( AL L CHEM S) ,N O M I XT URE(B M N,M C PA ). 25 4. Holc om be, G. W., P h ip ps, G L., K nut h, M L., a n d Fel h ab er, T (1 9 8 4 ) The Ac ute To x i city of Selected Substituted Phenol s, Benzenes and Benzoic Acid Esters to Fathead Mi nnows Pim e phales pr om elas. Envir o n.P o llut.Ser.A 35: 367-381 (OECDG Data File). EcoRefe r ence No.: 10954 C h em ical of C once r n: N Y P NA PH ,C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : M O R,BEH P H Y, GRO; Rej ectio n Code : LI TE EV AL COD E D( CBL, NA PH ), OK (N YP) 25 5. Ho pf H. S. a n d M u ller R L. ( 1 96 2) La b o r a tory B r ee din g an d Testin g o f A u stralo r b is glabratus for Molluscic idal Screening. Bul l .W.H .O. 27 : 78 3-7 8 9 EcoRefe r ence No.: 14399 C h em ical of C once r n: AC L C B L ,N aled,TB T ,CuS ,Na P CP; Ha bitat : A; Effect C ode s : MOR; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V AL CODED(Na PCP,PCP ) ,NO CONTR O L ( CuS). 25 6. Ho p k ins, W. A ., Wi n n e, C T. an d D u R a nt, S. E ( 2 00 5 ) D i ffere ntial Swi m m i ng Perf o r m a nce of Tw o Natrici n e S n a k es E x p o se d to a Cholinesterase-Inhibiting Pesticide. Environ.Pollut. 1 3 3 : 5 31540 EcoRefe r ence No.: 78022 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : B E H; Rejecti o n Code : L I TE EV A L CODE D(CBL ) 25 7. Hu nter M L. Jr., Witham J. W., an d D o w H. (1 9 8 4 ) Ef fe cts of a C a r b a r y l -In duce d Dep r essi on in I nve rteb rate A b un da nce on the Gr o w th an d B e havi or o f Am erican B l ac k D u ck and Mallard Ducklings. Ca n J Z o o l 62 : 452456 EcoRefe r ence No.: 37215 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : P O P,B E H; R e je ction C ode : LITE EVAL CODED( CBL) 25 8. In d u strial B i oTest Labs ( 1 99 1) S u m m ar y Results Concerning a n Ac ute Oral LD50, Ac ute Eye Irritation, Prim ary Skin & Eye Ir r itation I n d e x e s & 28Day Sub a cu te Feed in g Stud ies with C over Sheet & Letter (Sanitized). EPA/OTS Do c.#8 6-9 200 005 14S 7 p ( O TS 05 3380 3) EcoRefe r ence No.: 88884 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : G R O,M O R, PH Y,BE H; Reject ion C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( CBL). 259. Innes, J. R M., Ulland, B M., Valeri o, M. G., Petrucelli, L., Fi shbein, L., Hart, E. R ., Pallotta, A. J. Bates, R. R., F a lk, H. L., Ga rt, J. J., Klein, M ., Mitchell, I., and Peters, J. ( 196 9) Bio a ssay o f Pesticid es and I ndu str i al Chem ica l s for T u m o rigenici ty in Mice: A Preliminary Note. J.Natl.C a ncer Inst. 42 : 1 101 -11 1 4 EcoRefe r ence No.: 71346 Page 232 of 602

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C h em ical of C once r n: PNB, DD T,SZ A TZ, D U ,RT N F BM ,M RX,P P Z ,THM ,CBL,24D X Y ,M ane b Z ineb,Capta n, Nab a m ,Folpet; Habitat : T; Effec t Codes : CEL; Rej ection C o de : LITE E V AL CODE D(R T N ) ,O K( ALL C H EM S)//N O T U M O R(P I LO T)/ / 260. Innes, J. R M., Ulland, B M., Valerio, M. G., Pet r uce lli, L., Fishbei n L., Hart, E. R ., Pallotta, A. J. Bates, R. R., F a lk, H. L., Ga rt, J. J., Klein, M ., Mitchell, I., and Peters, J. ( 196 9) Bio a ssay o f Pesticid es and I ndu str i al Chem ica l s for T u m o rigenici ty in Mice: A Preliminary Note. J.Natl.C a ncer Inst. 4 2 : 11 01111 4. EcoRefe r ence No.: 71346 C h em ical of C once r n: DU ,P NB,D DT ,SZ, ATZ RTN FBM M R X,P P Z ,THM ,CBL,24D X Y ,M ane b Z ineb,Capta n, Nab a m ,Folpet; Habitat : T; Effec t Codes : CEL; Rej ection C o de : LITE E V AL CODE D(CBL ,SZ,ATZ,RT N,PPZ),OK(ALL CHEMS ) 261. Isaacs, R., Mas o n, K. S., and Maxwell, E (2005). Sta g e-Specific Cont rol of Grape Berry M o th, En d opiz a vitean a (C le m e ns) (Lepi d o p tera: T o rtri cidae), by Selective and B r oa dSpectrum Inse cticides. J.Econ .En t omo l 98: 4 1 5 42 2. EcoRefe r ence No.: 82542 C h em ical of C once r n: M F Z, TUZ,C B L ,FP P ; Ha bitat : T; Effect C ode s : REP,MOR; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V AL CODED(MF Z,TUZ,CBL,F PP). 2 6 2 Jacob S. S., Nair N. B., an d Balasu br am an i a n N. K. (1982 ). To x i city of Cer t ain Pesticid es Found i n the Habitat to the Lar v iv or ou s Fishes Aplocheilus lin eatus (C u v & Val. ) a n d Macr op odu s cu p a nu s ( C uv & Val.) Pr oc. I n d ia n Ac a d S c i .Anim Sci. 91 : 3 23328 EcoRefe r ence No.: 11081 C h em ical of C once r n: D D T, M L N,C B L ; H a bitat : A; E f f ect Codes : M O R; Rej ection Code : LITE EV AL C ODE D ( CBL), OK (D DT ,M L N ). 263. Jadhav, S ., Sontakke, Y B. a n d L o m t e, V. S ( 1 99 6) C a r b a r y l To xicity to Fres hwate r Bivalve Corbicula striatella. Environ.Ecol. 14: 8 6 3 86 5. EcoRefe r ence No.: 18189 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR; Rej ection C ode : LITE EVAL CODED( CBL) 264. Jadhav, S ., Sontakke, Y B. a n d L o m t e, V. S. (1995). E ffect of Pesticides on Am ylase Activity in Di gestive Gland of Fresh Water Bivalve C o rbicula striatella. In dia n J.Comp.Ani m. Physiol. 1 3 : 27 -2 9. EcoRefe r ence No.: 76665 C h em ical of C once r n: C Y P E S ,C B L ; Habit a t : A; E ffect Codes : BCM; Rej ection Code : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL,C YP),OK(ES ). 265. Jam e s, D. G. and Rayner, M. (1995). Toxicity of Viticultural Pesticides to the Predatory Mites Am bly s eius victoriensis an d Ty phl od rom u s do ree n ae. Plant Pr ot.Q. 10: 99 1 0 2 EcoRefe r ence No.: 67984 C h em ical of C once r n: CaPS,BM Y,C B D,CTN M Z B FRM IP D,M L X,Cu,PCZ ,TD M ,VCZ,Zi n eb, Z iram ,CuOH, AZ,C BL,CPY ,DZ D M T,ES,M L N M DT, D CF; H a bitat : T; Effe ct Codes : MOR; Rej ection Code : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CaPS ),OK(ALL C H E M S). Page 233 of 602

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2 6 6 Jam e s, R. an d Sam p ath K. (19 94) C o m b in ed Tox i c Eff ects of Carb ar yl an d Meth yl Parath io n on Survival, Growth, and Respiratory Me tabolism in Heteropneust es fossilis (Bloch). Ac ta Hydrobiol. 36 : 3 99408 EcoRefe r ence No.: 87624 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L M P; Ha bitat : A; E ffect C o des : MOR,PHY,BEH; Rej ection C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( CBL),O K (M P) 26 7. Jay a pra d a, P. a n d R a o K. V. R ( 1 9 9 1 ) C a r b ary l T oxicity on Tiss ue Acety l cholinesteras e in the Pe naeid Prawn, Metape na eus m o noceros (Fa b riciu s ) A M o nito rin g Study In dia n J.Comp.Ani m. Physiol. 9 : 38 -4 3. EcoRefe r ence No.: 17176 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR,BCM,CEL; Rej ection Co d e : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL). 268. Jeyasingam D. N. T. T h ayum anavan, B. a n d K r ishnas wa m y S. ( 1 978) The Relative Toxicities of Insecticides on Aq uatic Insect Eretes sticticus (L inn.) (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae). J.Madurai Univ. 7: 8 5 8 7. EcoRefe r ence No.: 5182 Chem ical of C once r n: D D T, ES,F NT,M L N P M R ,HCCH ,D LD,CBL; Ha bitat : A; Ef fect C odes : MOR; Rej ection Code : LITE E V AL CODED(CB L),OK(ALL C H EMS). 26 9. Joh n P. J. an d Pra k ash A. ( 1 99 8 ) Ac ute To xicity of M e tas y stox a n d Se vi n to M y stus vittatus. J.Ecotoxicol.Environ.M onit. 8: 1 6 9 1 77 EcoRefe r ence No.: 87812 C h em ical of C once r n: DEM C B L ; Ha bitat : A; Effect Codes : BEH,PHY,MOR; Rej e ctio n C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( CBL),O K ( D E M ). 2 7 0 Jo hn son I C ., Keller A. E., an d Zam S. G. ( 199 3) A Meth od fo r C o n ductin g Acu t e Tox i city Tests with the Early Life Sta g es of Fres hwat er Mus s els. I n : W. G. La n d is, J.S. H u g h es an d M.A.Lewis ( E ds.) Environme n ta l To xico logy an d Risk Assessmen t, AS TM S T P 1 179 Phila delp hia, PA 381 -39 6 EcoRefe r ence No.: 50679 C h em ical of C once r n: AT Z,C B L,C YH; Hab itat : A; Ef fect Codes : M O R; Rej ection C o de : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL,ATZ),OK(C Y H). 271. Johnst on, G., Walke r C. H ., and Da ws on, A. (1994). Potentiation of Ca rbaryl Toxicity to the Hy bri d R e d-Le gge d Partri dge Follo win g E x p o su re t o M a lathio n. Pestic.Bi o che m P hysi ol. 49 : 1 98208 EcoRefe r ence No.: 88917 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L M LN; Habitat : T; E ffect C o des : M O R,PHY,BCM,ACC; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V AL CODED(CB L,MLN). 272. Jones, S. B. K i ng, L. B., Sappington, L. C. Dwyer F J ., E llersieck, M a n d Buc k ler, D R. ( 199 8) Eff ects of Carb ar yl, Per m eth r in 4-No n y lph e n o l and C o pp er on M u scar in ic Choline r gic Receptors in Brai n of Su rrogate and Listed Fis h Species. Com p .Bi o che m .Physi ol.C 1 20: 4 05414 EcoRefe r ence No.: 7174 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ,P M R ,NY P ,C u; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : B C M; Rej ection C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( CBL,Cu) ,O K( PM R,N Y P) Page 234 of 602

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27 3. Juc h elka, C M an d Snell, T. W. ( 1 9 9 5 ). R a pid To xicity A ssessm ent Usin g In gestio n R a t e o f Cladocerans and Ciliates. Arc h .E nviro n .C o n t am. T oxic ol. 28 : 508 -51 2 EcoRefe r ence No.: 14918 C h em ical of C once r n: C d H g C l2 ,PL,PCP,C u Cl,CPY,CBL; Ha bitat : A; Effect C ode s : BEH; Rej ectio n Code : LI TE EVAL CODED( CB L,Cu Cl,OWTRV ,PCP), OK (CPY ,H g C l2 C d PL) 274. Jyani, D. B., Patel, N. C ., J h a l a, R. C. and Patel, J. R. (1995). Bioe fficacy of Neem and Synthetic Insecticides on Serp entine Leafm i ner (Liriom y za t r ifo lii) (Di p tera: Agrom y zid ae) Infesting Pea (Pisum sativum). I ndi an J.A g r i c.Sci. 6 5 : 373 -3 76 EcoRefe r ence No.: 75351 C h em ical of C once r n: DM T AZD C B L ,E S, C Y F,F V L; H a bitat : T; Effe ct Codes : POP P HY; R e jection C ode : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CYF AZD,F V L ) ,OK(ALL C H EMS ) 27 5. Jy othi, B an d Naray a n, G. ( 1 99 9 ) C e rtain P e sticide-I n d u ce d C a r b ohy drat e M e tabolic Disorde r s i n the Serum of Fre s hwate r Fis h C l arias batrac hus (Li n n.). Food C h em.To x icol. 37 : 4 17421 EcoRefe r ence No.: 59922 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ,P R T ; Ha bitat : A; E ffect C o des : BCM; Rejection C ode : LITE EVAL CODED( PRT,CBL). 27 6. Jy othi, B an d Naray a n, G. ( 2 00 1 ) E ffect of Pesticid es Carb ar yl an d Ph orate o n Ser u m Cholesterol Level in Fish, Cl arias bat r achus (Linn.). J.Envir o n.Biol. 22 : 2 3 3 23 5. EcoRefe r ence No.: 66397 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ,P R T ; Ha bitat : A; E ffect C o des : BCM,MOR; Rej ection Code : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL,P RT). 27 7. Jy othi, B an d Naray a n, G. ( 2 00 0 ) P e stic ide I n d u ce d Alterations of N o nProtei n Nitro g e no us Constituents in the Serum of a Fresh Water Cat Fish, Cl arias batrachus (Linn.). Ind i an J.Exp.Biol. 38 : 10 58106 1. EcoRefe r ence No.: 68291 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ,P R T ; Ha bitat : A; E ffect C o des : BCM; Rejection C ode : LITE EVAL CODED( CBL,PRT). 27 8. Jy othi, B an d Naray a n, G. ( 1 99 9 ) T o xic Ef fects of Ca rba r yl on Gona ds of Freshwater Fi sh, Clarias batrachus (Linnaeus). J.E n viron.Bi ol. 20 : 7 3 -7 6. EcoRefe r ence No.: 20373 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR,CEL,GR O; Rej ection C o d e : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL). 279. Kader, H. A., Thayum anav an, B ., and Krishnaswam y, S. ( 1976). The Relative Toxicities of Ten Bio c id es on Sp icod iap t om u s ch elo s p i nu s Raj e ndr an (1 973 ) [ C o p e pod a: Calano id a]. C o m p .P hysi ol. E col. 1 : 78 -8 2. EcoRefe r ence No.: 5264 Chem ical of C once r n: D D T, ES,HCC H, DL D,CBL; Ha bitat : A; E ffect Codes : MOR; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V AL CODED(CB L),OK(ALL C H EMS). 280. Kadi r, H. A ., Z a karia, M B. Kechil, A. A ., and Azi r un, M S. (1989). T o xicity and Electrophysiol ogical E ffects of Spila nthes a c m e lla Murr. E x tracts on Pe riplaneta am ericana L Pestic.Sci. 25 : 3 29336 Page 235 of 602

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EcoRefe r ence No.: 70266 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : RSM,HCCH,CBL; Hab itat : T; Effect Codes : M O R; Rej ection Code : TARGET(RS M). 28 1. Kale, R D a n d Kris hnam o o r thy R V. ( 1 9 7 9 ) Pesticidal E ffects of Se vin (1 -Na p hthy lN Methyl Carbamate) on the Survivability and Abundance of Earthworm Pont oscolex co r e th ru ru s. P r oc. I n d ia n Aca d S ci. 88B Part I: 39 13 9 6 EcoRefe r ence No.: 35291 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : GRO,MOR,BE H RE P, PO P ; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V AL CODED (C BL). 28 2. Kallande r, D B ., Fis h er S W., an d Ly dy M J. (1 9 9 7 ) R ecove ry F o llo win g P u lse d E x p o s u re to Organophos p horus and Ca rbam ate Insectic ides in the Mi dge, C h ironomus riparius. Arch. E nvir on C ont am .T oxico l 33 : 2933 EcoRefe r ence No.: 18412 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : PPX,C B L,AD,CCBF,MLN,PR N ; Hab itat : A; E f f ect Codes : BCM,CEL,MOR; Rej ection Co d e : LI TE EVAL CODED(CBL,CBF,ADC) OK(ALL CHEMS). 28 3. Kanaza wa, J. ( 1 9 7 5 ) U p ta k e an d Ex cr etion o f Or g a no pho sp hor us and Ca rbam ate Insecticides b y Fresh W a ter Fish M o tsugo Pseudo r a sbor a p a rv a. B u ll.Enviro n.C o nta m .T oxicol. 14 : 3 46 35 2 (A ut ho r C o m m unication Used ). EcoRefe r ence No.: 2164 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L D Z,M L N,F N T ; Ha bitat : A; Effect C ode s : ACC; Rej ection C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( CBL,DZ ) O K ( M L N,F N T ) 28 4. Kanaza wa, J. I s ensee, A R and Kea r ney P C (1 9 7 5 ) Di stributio n o f C a rba r y l an d 3, 5 Xylyl Methylc a rbam ate in an Aquatic Model Ecosystem J.Agric.F o od Chem. 23 : 760 -763 EcoRefe r ence No.: 15807 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : ACC,MOR; Rejectio n C o d e : LITE EVAL CODED( CBL) 285. Kanga, L. H. B and Plapp, F. W. Jr. (1 995). Target -Site Insensitiv ity as the Mechanism of Resistance to Orga nophos phorus, Carbam ate, and Cyclodi e ne Insecticide s in T o bacco Bu dwor m Adults J.Econ .Ento m o l 88: 1 1 5 0 1 15 7. EcoRefe r ence No.: 74123 User De fine 2: WA SHT Chem ical of C once r n: CBL,E S,PF F,DLD,M O M,T V P ; Ha bitat : T; Effec t Codes : BCM,MOR; Rej ection Cod e : O K 286. Karnak, R. E. and Collins, W. J. (1974). The Susceptibility to Select ed Insecticides and Acetylcholinesterase Activity in a Laborat o ry C o lo ny o f M i dge Lar v ae, C h ir on om us tentans (Di p tera: C h ironom idae). Bu ll.Enviro n.C o n t am. T oxic ol. 12 : 6269 EcoRefe r ence No.: 6267 Chem ical of C once r n: CBL, DDT ,PP X ,M L N A TN ,D D V P CPY, DL D,CB F; Ha bitat : A; Effect C ode s : MOR,BCM; Rej ection Cod e : LITE E VAL CODED( CBL,CBF,ATN), OK(ALL CHEM S). 28 7. Kasai, S., Wee r ashi ng he, I S an d Sh o n o T ( 1 9 9 8 ). P 4 5 0 M o n o o x y g ena s es are an Im porta nt Page 236 of 602

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Mechanism of Perm ethrin Re sistance in C u l e x qui nq ue fasc iatus Say La rv ae. Arc h .Insec t Bioche m.P h ysi o l. 37: 4 7 5 6. EcoRefe r ence No.: 63336 C h em ical of C once r n: P Y X P FF,C B L D D T P M R ,PR N ; H a bitat : A; E f f ect Codes : BCM,MOR,PHY; Rej ection Co d e : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( CBL),O K ( A L L CHEM S ) 2 8 8 Katz, M. (1 961) Acu t e Tox i city o f so m e Or gan i c In secticides to Thr ee Species o f Salm o n i d s and to t h e T h re espine Stickleback. Tran s.Am.Fish So c. 90 : 2 64268 EcoRefe r ence No.: 522 C h em ical of C once r n: AZ,CBL,CM P H, HCCH,M L N ,T XP, A ND D LD ,D DT ,M XC,H PT,C HD E N; Ha bitat : A; Effect C ode s : MOR; Rej ection C ode : LI TE EVAL CODED( CBL) 28 9. Kau r H. a n d T o o r H. S. ( 1 99 5) T oxicity o f Som e Insecticides t o th e Finger lin g s of I n d i an M a jo r C a r p C i rr hina m r igala (Ham ilton). I n dia n J. Ecol. 22: 1 40142 EcoRefe r ence No.: 14166 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L M LN; Habitat : A; Effect Codes : M O R; Rej ectio n Cod e : LITE EVA L CO DE D(CBL ),O K ( M L N). 290. Kaur, K. and Dhaw an, A. (1996) Effect of Carbaryl on Ti ssu e C o m position, Maturation, and Breeding Potential of Cirr hina m r igala (Ha m .). Bu ll.En viro n.Con t am.Toxico l 57 : 48 0-4 8 6 EcoRefe r ence No.: 17912 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : B C M,REP,MOR,GRO; Rej ect io n C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( CBL). 291. Kaur, K. and Dhaw an, A. (1993). Vari able Sensitivity of Cyprinus carpio Eggs, Larvae, and Fry to Pesticides. Bu ll. En v i ro n. Co n t am.Toxico l 50: 593-599 (OECDG Data File). EcoRefe r ence No.: 6999 Chem ical of C once r n: CBF,C BL,M LN, P P H D; Habitat : A ; Ef fect Codes : M O R, GRO; Rej ectio n Code : LI TE EV AL COD E D( CBL, CBF)O K( M L N PPHD) 29 2. Kau r K. a n d T o o r H. S. ( 1 98 0) R o le o f Abi o tic Facto r s i n the Em bry onic De velo pm ent of Scale Carp. Proc.Indian N a tl.Sci.Acad.Part B 46 : 1 3 6 14 8. EcoRefe r ence No.: 67617 C h em ical of C once r n: DZ ,PP H D M L N F N T C B L ; Ha bitat : A; Effect Codes : RE P, GRO; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V A L CO DED ( M L N, DZ,CBL ), O K (P PH D, FN T) 29 3. Kau r K. a n d T o o r H. S. ( 1 97 7) T oxicity o f Pesticides to E m bry onic Stag es o f C y p r in us carpi o c o m m u n is Lin n In di an J.Ex p.Bi ol. 15: 1 9 3 19 6. EcoRefe r ence No.: 9935 C h em ical of C once r n: PP H D D Z,F N T C B L M LN; Habitat : A; Effect Codes : M O R; Rej ectio n Code : LI TE EV AL COD E D( MLN CBL,D Z) ,OK ( PPHD ,FNT). 29 4. Kaus hi k, N. an d Kum a r, S ( 1 99 8 ) M i d g u t P a tholo g y of Al dri n M o n o c r ot op h o s, an d Carba r yl in the Fres hwater C r ab, Pa ratelphus a m a soniana (Hende rson). Bull.Envir o n.C ont am .T oxicol. 60 : 480 -48 6 EcoRefe r ence No.: 18804 C h em ical of C once r n: A N D C B L ; Ha bitat : A; Effect Codes : M O R,CEL; Rej ection C o d e : Page 237 of 602

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LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL),OK(AND). 295. Kaushi k, N. an d Kum a r, S. (1993). Su sceptibility of the Freshw ater Crab Paratelphusa maso n i an a (H en ser s on ) to Three Pestic id es, Sin g l y an d in Com b ination. Environ.Ecol. 11: 5 60564 EcoRefe r ence No.: 4450 C h em ical of C once r n: A N D C B L ; Ha bitat : A; Effect Codes : M O R,BEH,PHY; Rej ect io n C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( CBL),O K ( A N D ). 296. Kha n gar o t, B. S., Sehgal, A. and Bhasi n M K. (1 985 ). "M an an d Bio s phere" Studies on the Sik k i m Hi m a la yas. Par t 6 : To x i city of Select ed Pesticid es to Fro g Tadpole Ran a h e x a d a ctyla (Less o n ) Acta Hy dro c hi m. H y dr obi ol. 13: 3 9 1 39 4. EcoRefe r ence No.: 11521 C h em ical of C once r n: C B F ,C B L ,DM T H CC H,MLN,PCB,EN,CBD ,NaPCP; Habitat : A; Effect C ode s : MOR,PHY; R e j ection Code : LITE E VAL CODED( CBL,CBF,DMT,NaP CP) OK(ALL CHEMS) 29 7. Khem ani, S. Khem ani, L. D ., a n d Pa nt, M C ( 1 9 8 7 ) I n hibition o f R a t B r ain Succi nate Dehy drogenas e by Carbam ate and Or ga no p hos p h ate Pesti c ides. Cu rr.S ci. 56 : 186 -18 7 EcoRefe r ence No.: 86943 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : B C M; Rej ection Code : L I TE EVAL CODE D(CBL ) 2 9 8 Kh er a, K. S. an d Lyon D. A. (1 968 ) Ch ic k and D u c k Em bry o s i n the E v a l uation o f Pesti c ide Toxicity. Toxi col.A ppl.P h a r m ac ol. 13 : 1-15 EcoRefe r ence No.: 85496 C h em ical of C once r n: D D V P ETN ,C B L D M T ,M LN, D Z PR N; Ha bitat : T; E ffect Codes : M O R ; R e jectio n C ode : LIT E EVA L CO DE D(M L N,CBL, D Z) ,O K( AL L CHEM S) 299. Khillare, Y. K. and Wagh, S. B. (1988). Acute Toxicity of Pe sticides in t h e Freshwater Fish Bar b u s stig m a : Histop atho logy o f th e Sto m a c h Uttar Pr adesh J Z ool. 8: 1 7 6 17 9. EcoRefe r ence No.: 13301 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L M LN,ES; Hab itat : A; Ef fect Codes : M O R,CEL; Rej ection C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( CBL),O K (M L N ,ES ) 30 0. Kim D. G a n d R i g g s, R D. (1 9 9 8 ) Ef fects o f S o m e Pesticides on the Gr owt h of AR F 1 8 a n d Its Pathogenici t y to Heterodera glycines. J.N e mat o l. 30: 2 0 1 2 05 EcoRefe r ence No.: 70527 C h em ical of C once r n: PNB,CBL, D C N A S X D FPP M LN, K F A T,C H X DZ ,DC F ,T PM ,G YP I,M Y C,PA QT,M ZB ,DM M TFN FM L, ADC, D L N ,CT N ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : P O P, GRO; R e jection Code : LITE EVAL C ODE D(DZ ,DC N A,S X D,CBL),OK(AL L CHEMS). 30 1. Klingem a n, W. E., B u ntin, G. D., Va n Iers el, M W., a n d B r am an, S. K (2 00 0 ) Wh oleP l ant Gas E x c h ange, not Individual -Leaf Measure m en ts, Acc u rat e ly Assesses Azalea Response to Insecticides. C r op Pr ot. 19 : 40 7-4 1 5 EcoRefe r ence No.: 64755 Chem ical of C once r n: ACP C B L,CPY AZ D, IM C; Ha bitat : T; E ffect C o des : PH Y, GR O ; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V AL CODED(ACP),OK T A RGET(CBL). Page 238 of 602

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30 2. Ko n n o T a n d Kaji hara O. (1 98 5 ) Sy ner g is m of Pirim i carb a n d O r gan o p hos p h o r us Insecticides Against t h e Resi stant Rice Ste m Bo rer, Chilo suppressalis Walker (Lepi d optera: Pyralidae). A p pl.E nto m ol. Z o o l. 2 0 : 40 3-4 10. EcoRefe r ence No.: 74137 User De fine 2: WA SHT C h em ical of C once r n: CPYM ,F NT,M P,F N TH ,D Z,C P Y, PRN,M L N PSM ,M DT,DDVP,TVP,CB L,BDC,PI RM,PI M MO M; H a b itat : T; Effect C ode s : MOR; R e j ection Code : O K 30 3. Ko u ndi ny a, P R an d M u rt hi, R R (1 9 7 9). Haem atological Studies in Sarothe r odon (Til apia) m o ssa m b ica (Peters) E x posed to Let h al (LC 50/ 48 H r s) C o ncent r ation o f Sum ithion an d Sevin. Cu r r S c i 48 : 877 -87 9 ( U sed 740 7 As Ref e r e n c e) EcoRefe r ence No.: 5783 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : C EL; Rej ection Code : L I TE EV A L CODE D(CBL ) 3 0 4 Koun d i n y a, P. R. and Ram a mu r t h i R. (1 979) C o m p ar ativ e Stud y of I n h i bitio n of Acetylcholinesterase Activity in the Freshwater Teleost Sa rotherodon (Til apia) m o ssam b ica (Peters ) by Se v i n (C a r bam a te) an d S u m ithion (O r g an o p h o s p hate). Curr.Sc i. 48 : 832 -83 3 (Use d 7 0 8 2 As R e fere nce) EcoRefe r ence No.: 6909 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : B C M; Rej ection Code : L I TE EVAL CODE D(CBL ) 3 0 5 Koun d i n y a, P. R. and Ram a mu r t h i R. (1 980) Ef f ect of Sub Leth al Con c en tr ation o f Sum ithion an d Sevin o n C e rtain Haem atolog i cal Values of Sarotherodon m o ssa m b icus (Peters ) Cu rr.S ci. 49: 6 4 5 64 6. EcoRefe r ence No.: 14108 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : C EL,P HY; R e je ction C ode : LITE EVAL CODED( CBL) 3 0 6 Koun d i n y a, P. R. and Ram a mu r t h i R. (1 981) Tissu e Resp ir atio n in Saro th erod on m o ssa m b icus (Peters) Expose d to S u b-Letha l C once n tratio n of Sum ithion an d Se vin Curr.Sci. 50 : 96 8-9 6 9 EcoRefe r ence No.: 45759 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : A C C PH Y; R e je ction C ode : LITE EVAL CODED( CBL) 3 0 7 Koun d i n y a, P. R. and Ram a mu r t h i R. (1 979) Tissu e Resp ir atio n in Tilap i a m o ssa m b ica Ex pose d t o Let h al (LC 5 0) C o ncent r ation o f Sum ithion an d Sevin I ndi an J.Envir o n He al th 20: 4 2 6 42 8. EcoRefe r ence No.: 6091 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR,PHY; R e j ection Code : LITE EVAL CODED ( CBL) 30 8. Krec h n iak, J., En glot, B Wr zesnio w s k a, K. and H ac, E. (1 994 ). In teract ion of Linda n e and Car b ar yl on Hep a tic Micr o s om al Enzym e s in Rats. B u ll.E n viro n.C ont am .Toxic ol. 5 2 : 92 7 93 4. EcoRefe r ence No.: 39605 Page 239 of 602

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Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : CBL,HCCH; Hab itat : T; Effect Codes : BCM,PHY; Rej ection C ode : LITE EV AL C ODE D ( CBL), OK (HCC H) 30 9. Kris hna n, M a n d C h oc kaling a m S. (1 9 8 9 ) To xic an d Su bl ethal Ef fects of En d o sul f an an d Car b ar yl on Gro w th an d Eg g Pr odu ction o f Mo in a m i cr u r a Ku r z ( C lado cer a : Mo in id ae) Environ.Pollut 56 : 3 19326 EcoRefe r ence No.: 87649 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ,E S; Ha bitat : A; Ef fect Codes : REP,BEH,M O R,GR O; Rej e ctio n C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( CBL),O K ( E S ) 310. Krzystyniak, K., Trottier, B., Jolicoeur, P., and Fournier, M. (1987). Macrophage Functional Activities Versus Cellular Para m e ters upon Sublethal Pesti c ide Ex posure in Mice. Mol.Toxicol. 1: 2 4 7 25 9. EcoRefe r ence No.: 87655 Chem ical of C once r n: M O M CBF,CBL,AZ ES,D LD ,M LN ; Ha bitat : T; Effect C ode s : MOR,GR O,C EL; Rej ection Co d e : L I TE EV A L CODE D(CBL M OM ,M LN ), OK (CBF, A Z,E S ). 31 1. Kum a r, B a n d B a ner j ee, V. ( 1 99 1 ) E ffects o f Lethal To xicity of Sevi n (C a r ba ry l) on the Blood Param e t e rs in Clarias batrachus (L.). Himalay a n J.E n viron.Zool. 5: 1 3 1 7. EcoRefe r ence No.: 13870 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR,CEL; Rej ectio n Cod e : LITE EVAL CODED( CBL) 312. Ladics, G. S. Sm ith, C., Hea p s, K. a n d L o veless, S. E. (1 99 4 ) E v aluati on o f t h e Hum o ral I m m u n e Resp on se o f CD Rats Fo llowing a 2-Week Exposure to the Pes ticide Carbaryl by the Oral, De rm al, or I nhalatio n R outes J Toxicol.E n viron.He alth 4 2 : 14 3-15 6. EcoRefe r ence No.: 87556 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : B C M,GRO,CEL; Rej ection Code : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL). 31 3. Lak o ta, S ., R a s z ka, A. a n d K upcza k, I ( 1 98 1) T oxic Ef fec t of C a rtap C a rba r y l an d Pro p o x u r on S o m e Aquatic O r ga nism s. Acta Hydrobiol. 23 : 183 -19 0 EcoRefe r ence No.: 4888 C h em ical of C once r n: PP X,C B L; Ha bitat : A; E ffect C o des : MOR,BEH; Rej ectio n Cod e : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL),OK(PP X ). 3 1 4 Land ru m P. F. and Dupu is, W. S. (1 990 ) To xicity and T oxic oki netics o f Pe ntachl o r o p h en ol an d Carb ar yl to Pon t op or eia h o y i an d Mysis r e licta. I n : W.G.Land is and W.H.Van d e r S c ha lie (Ed s .) Aqu a tic To xicolo g y an d Risk Assessmen t, 13th Vo lume, ASTM STP 10 96 Phila delp hia, PA 278 -28 9 EcoRefe r ence No.: 18931 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ,P C P ; Ha bitat : A; E ffect C o des : M O R ; R e jection C ode : LITE EVAL CODED( CBL,PCP). 31 5. Lata, S. Go pal K ., a n d Si ng h N N. (2 0 0 1 ) To xicolo gical Evaluatio ns an d M o r p h o lo gic a l Studies in a C a tfish C l arias ba trach us E x pose d to C a r b ary l a n d C a r b o f ura n J.Ecophysiol.Occup.He alth 1 : 1 21130 EcoRefe r ence No.: 82520 Page 240 of 602

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C h em ical of C once r n: C B F ,C B L ; Ha bitat : A; E ffect C o des : GR O,M O R,PH Y,BE H; Rej ectio n Code : LI TE EVAL CODED( CB L) ,OK( CBF). 31 6. Le, D. P., Thi r ug na nam M ., Lidert, Z., C a rl son, G. R ., a nd Ryan, J B. ( 1 996). R H 2 485: A New Selective Insecticide for Caterpillar Control. I n : P ro c.I n t.C o n f .h eld at Fa rn ham, Su rrey: Br.C ro p Prot. C onf. 2 : 48 148 6. EcoRefe r ence No.: 82537 Chem ical of C once r n: M F Z, CBL,FN V ,E F V ,CP Y ,M P A Z ; Ha bitat : T; Effect Codes : M O R P O P, PH Y; R e jectio n C ode : LITE E V AL C ODE D(MFZ),OK(AL L CHEMS ) 31 7. Lech ner, D M W. an d A bdel R a hm an, M S ( 1 98 4) A Te r a tology Stu d y of C a r b ary l an d Malathion Mixtures i n Rat. J.Toxicol.Envir o n.Health 14 : 26 7-2 7 8 EcoRefe r ence No.: 86940 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L M LN; Habitat : T; E ffect C o des : GRO,REP; Rej ection C ode : LITE EVAL C ODE D(MLN,CBL). 31 8. Lech ner, D W an d A bdel R a hm an, M S ( 1 98 5 ) Alteratio ns i n R a t Live r M i cros om al En zym e s Fo llo wing Exp o s ur e to Carb ar yl and Malathion i n Com b ination. Arch. E nvir on C ont am .T oxico l 14 : 451 -45 7 EcoRefe r ence No.: 37664 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L M LN; Habitat : T; Rejection Code : L I TE EVAL CODE D(CBL M LN). 3 1 9 Lej czak B (19 77) Ef f ect of I n secticid es: Ch lo rph e nv inph o s Car b ar yl an d Prop oxu r on Aq uatic O r gan i sm s. Pol.A r c h H ydr o biol. 24 : 583 -59 1 EcoRefe r ence No.: 7558 C h em ical of C once r n: PP X,C B L; Ha bitat : A; E ffect C o des : BCM ,M O R ,PH Y ; Reject ion C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( CBL),O K ( P P X ). 32 0. Lem k e, L. A a n d Kissam J. B ( 1 9 8 7 ) E v a l uation o f Vari ous I n secticide s an d Hom e R e m e dies fo r C ontr o l of I ndi vid u al R e d Im po rted Fire A n t C o lo nies. J.Entomol.Sci. 22 : 27 5 28 1. EcoRefe r ence No.: 78182 C h em ical of C once r n: AL SV D Z,P Y N,C B L A C P ,C P Y ; Ha bitat : T; Effec t Codes : POP; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V AL CODED(AL SV),OK(AL L CHEMS). 321. Lillie, R. J. (1973). Stud ies on the Reproduct i ve Perform a nce and Pr ogeny Perform a nce of C a ged White L e gh o r ns fe d M a lathion an d C a rba r y l Poult.Sci. 52: 2 6 6 27 2. EcoRefe r ence No.: 37706 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L M LN; Habitat : T; Rejection Code : L I TE EVAL CODE D(M L N CBL). 3 2 2 Lin g a r a ja, T. an d Venu gop alan V. K. (19 78). Pesticid e I ndu ced Ph ysio logical an d B e havi ou ral C h an ges in a n E s tuarine Teleost Therapon ja r bua ( F o r sk ). F i sh.Tec h nol. 15: 1 15119 EcoRefe r ence No.: 6020 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L D M T DDT; H a bitat : A; E f f ect Codes : M O R, PH Y, G R O, BEH ; Rej ectio n Code : LI TE EV AL COD E D( CBL) ,O K( DD T, DMT) Page 241 of 602

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32 3. Lion g, P. C ., H a m zah, W. P ., and M u ru ga n, V. (1 9 8 8 ) T o x i city of S o m e Pesticides T o w a rds Fres hwate r Fis h es. Fis h .B ull.Dep.Fish.( Mal a ys.) 57: 1 3 p. EcoRefe r ence No.: 3296 C h em ical of C once r n: HXZ ,G YP I,M Z B,PA QT ,ES, M L N,P P X CBL,DL D H CCH ,FNT H,CBF ,A CP; Ha bitat : A; Effect C ode s : MOR; Rej ection C ode : LI TE EVAL CODED( CBL,ACP,C BF) OK( A LL CHEMS), NO COC( EFV). 324. Little, E. E., Archeski, R D., Flerov, B. A., an d Kozlovskaya, V. I. (1990). Behavi oral In dicator s of S ublethal To xicity in R a inb o w Tro u t. Arc h .E nviro n .C ont am .Toxic ol. 1 9 : 38 0 38 5. EcoRefe r ence No.: 3175 Chem ical of C once r n: PCP, M P ,CH D ,CBL ,24D X Y ,TBF; Ha bitat : A; E ffect C odes : B E H; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V AL CODED(CB L,PCP),OK(ALL CHEM S). 325. Little, E. E., C a lfee, R., Cleveland, L., Sk inker, R., Zaga-Parkhurst, A., and Barron, M. G. (2 0 0 0 ) Ph oto En hance d T o xi city in Am phib i ans: Sy nergistic Interactions of Solar Ultravi o let Radiation and Aquatic Contaminants. J.Iow a A c ad.Sci. 107 : 67 -71 EcoRefe r ence No.: 71949 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L A LS V; Ha bitat : A; E ffect C ode s : MOR; R e j ection Code : LITE EVA L CO DE D (CBL ), OK ( A LS V) 3 2 6 Liu D. H. W. an d Lee, J. M ( 197 5) To xicity of Selected Pesticides to t h e Bay Mussel (Mytilus edulis). EPA-660/3-75-016, U. S.EPA, C o rvallis, OR 10 2 p. (U.S.NTI S PB-243 221 ). EcoRefe r ence No.: 8127 C h em ical of C once r n: M X C C B L ,M LN,T F N ; Habitat : A ; Ef fect Codes : GRO,MOR; Rej ectio n Code : LI TE EV AL COD E D( CBL) ,O K( MLN,MX C, TFN ) 32 7. Lloy d, G K., Ligget, M P ., Ky n o ch S R and Da vies, R E. ( 1 97 7 ) Ass e ssm ent of the Acute Toxicity and Potential Irr itancy of Hai r Dye Constituents. Fo o d C o smet.T oxicol. 15 : 6 07610 EcoRefe r ence No.: 88033 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : P H Y M O R ; R e jection C ode : LITE EVAL CODED( CBL) 32 8. Lo hne r, T. W. (1 9 8 7 ) Ef fects o f pH, Tem p erature a n d Se d i m e nt on t h e A quatic Fate an d Toxicity of Selected Pesticides. P h D T hesis T h e Ohi o Stat e U n iversity, C o lu mb us, O H : 12 5 p., Diss .A bstr.I nt.B Sci.E n g. 48 : 259 3 (19 8 8 ) ( P u b l in Par t As 1 226 1, 3 278 12 569 33 37) EcoRefe r ence No.: 2993 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ,P R N ; H a bitat : A; E ffect C o des : M O R ; R e jection C ode : LITE EVA L CO DE D(CBL ),O K ( P R N). 32 9. Lo hne r, T. W. and Fis h er, S. W. ( 1 9 9 0 ). Ef f ects of p H a n d Tem p erature o n the Ac ute T o xicity an d Up tak e of Car b ar yl in th e Mid g e Ch ir ono m u s r i p a r i u s Aquat.Toxicol. 16 : 335 -35 4 EcoRefe r ence No.: 3278 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : PHY,ACC,M O R; Rej ectio n Co d e : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL). 330. Lox, C. D. (1984) The Effect s of Acute Carb aryl Exposure on Clotting Factor Activity in the Page 242 of 602

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Rat. Ecot oxico l .Enviro n S af. 8: 2 8 0 2 83 EcoRefe r ence No.: 86762 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : B E H,GRO,PHY,CEL; Rej ection C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( CBL). 331. Lunn, C. R ., T o ews D. P., and P r ee, D J. (19 76) Ef f ects of Th r e e Pe sticides on Respiration, Coughing, and Heart Rates of R a inb o w Tr o u t (Salm o gair dn eri R i char ds on ). C a n.J. Zo ol. 54: 2 14219 EcoRefe r ence No.: 7846 C h em ical of C once r n: D D T, C B L ,DL D ; H a bitat : A; E f f ect Codes : PHY,MOR; Rej e ctio n C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( CBL),O K ( D L D DDT ). 332. Lydy, M J. B r uner K. A. F r y, D M a n d Fisher S W. ( 1 9 9 0 ) E ffects of Se dim e nt and the Route of Exposure on t h e Toxicity and Accum u lation of Neutral Li pophilic and Moderat e ly WaterSol uble M e tabolizable C o m pou nds in the M i d g e, C h iro n o m u s ripari us. In : W.G. La n d is an d W H. Va n der Sc halie ( E d s .) A q u a tic Toxic o lo gy an d Risk Assess ment 1 3 th Volu me, AS TM ST P 10 9 6 P h i l adelp hia P A 1 40164 EcoRefe r ence No.: 18935 Chem ical of C once r n: HCC H ,PCB,PCP, A D C ,DL D ,CBL, P RN,D DT ,BAP ; Ha bitat : A; Effect C ode s : ACC,MOR; R e j ection Cod e : LITE E VAL CODE D(CBL ADC, P CP) O K ( A LL CHEM S). 333. Macek, K. J. a n d McAllister, W. A. (197 0). Insecticide Susceptibility of Som e Co mm on Fish Family Representatives. Tran s.Am.Fish Soc. 99 : 2 0 -2 7 ( P u b l in Par t As 6 797 ). EcoRefe r ence No.: 610 Chem ical of C once r n: AZ ,C BL,HCCH ,M L N ,M P, TX P; H a bitat : A; E f f ect Codes : M O R; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V AL CODED(CB L),OK(ALL C H EMS). 33 4. M acKenzie, K E. a n d Wi nsto n, M L. ( 1 98 9 ) T h e Ef fects of Su blethal E x p o s u re to Dia z ino n C a rba r y l an d R e sm ethrin on L o n g e v ity and F o ra gin g i n Api s m e llifera L. Apidologie 20: 2 9 40 EcoRefe r ence No.: 70542 C h em ical of C once r n: R S M DZ,C B L ; Ha b itat : T; Effect Codes : MOR,BEH; Rej ection C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( RSM ) ,O K ( AL L CHEM S ) 335. Mallik, M. A. B. and Tesfai K. (1985). Pest icidal Effect on Soybean-Rhi z obi a Sym b iosis. Plant S o il 85 : 3 3 -4 1. EcoRefe r ence No.: 70794 Chem ical of C once r n: P N B,C B L,TX P, DZ, A CP,CAPT A N, M L N, GY P; H a bitat : T; E f f ect C odes : GR O,BCM; Rej ection C ode : LIT E EVA L CO DE D( DZ,CBL ,A CP), OK (A LL CHEM S) ,N O M I XT URE(C A PT AN ). 3 3 6 Maly, M. and Ru b e r E. ( 1983 ). Ef f ects o f Pesticid es on Pur e an d Mix e d Sp ecies Cu ltu r es of Salt Marsh Pool Al gae. B u ll.Enviro n.C o nta m .T oxicol. 30 : 4 64472 EcoRefe r ence No.: 15240 C h em ical of C once r n: PP X,T M P,C P Y C B L M LN; Habitat : A; Effect Codes : GRO; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V AL CODED(CB L),OK(ALL C H EMS). 33 7. M a ly M P. ( 1 98 0 ) A St u d y of the E ffects o f Pesticides o n Single a n d M i xed S p ecies Page 243 of 602

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Cultures of Algae. P h .D.T he sis, Nort heastern Un iversity, Bo ston MA: 261 p ; Diss.A b str. Int. B Sci.E n g. 41( 4 ) :122 7 ( A ut ho r C o m m unic a tio n Used) ( P ubl i n P a rt As 1 5 2 4 0 ) EcoRefe r ence No.: 5131 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L M LN, A B T ,P P X ; Habitat : A ; Ef fect Codes : POP; Rejecti o n C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( CBL),O K ( A L L CHEM S ) 33 8. M a ndal, A a n d La hiri, P. ( 1 9 8 9 ) I n sec ticide Induced Hematological C h a nge s in Pige o n s Proc. I ndi an Ac ad .Sci. 98 : 1 33137 EcoRefe r ence No.: 87669 C h em ical of C once r n: C H D, FNT,C B L ; Ha bitat : T; Effec t Codes : GR O BCM ,PH Y ,C EL; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V AL CODED(CB L),OK(CHD,F N T). 339. Mani, M. (1994). Relative T o xicity of Different Pesticides to Cam poletis chlorideae Uc hida (Hym ., Ichne u m onidae). J.Bi ol.C o n trol 8: 1 8 2 2. EcoRefe r ence No.: 62600 C h em ical of C once r n: 2I NEB, DI N O D CF,C u,ES ,M OM ,CBL,F N V PH SL,C YP, D M DM T,M L N, CPY,M P ,F NT H, D DV P,P P H D ,F VL, A CP,M ZB ,CBD; Habitat : T; E ffect C o des : M O R; Rej ectio n Cod e : OK TARGET(DM T,MLN,FVL,C Y P). 340. Mani, M. and Nagarkatti, S. (1983). Su sceptibility of Two Braconi d Parasites Apanteles angaleti M u e s e b eck an d B r ac on ki rk patric ki ( W il kins on ) t o Seve ral C h em ical Pesticides. Entomon 8 : 8792 EcoRefe r ence No.: 62601 Chem ical of C once r n: M O M PHSL ,PP H D, CBL,CPY, D D V P, DCF, DM T ES,F NT ,M LN ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : M O R P O P; R e je ction C ode : OK TA RG ET (DMT ) 34 1. M a nna A. K. and G h osh J J (1 9 8 7 ) A n ae ro bic T oxicity of Su blethal C once n tratio n o f C a rba r y l Pesticide Se vin t o G u p p y Le bistes reticulatus. Env i r o n. E c o l 5 : 4 47450 EcoRefe r ence No.: 14048 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR,BEH,BCM; Rej ectio n Co d e : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL). 342. Mansour, S. A. and Al-Ja lili, M. K. (1985). Determ ination of Residues of Som e Insecticides in Clov er Flower s: A Bio a ssay Method Using Honeybee Adults. J.A p ic.R es. 2 4 : 19 5198 EcoRefe r ence No.: 67983 Chem ical of C once r n: PP X,C P Y,CBL ,FN T M OM ; Ha bitat : T; Effect C ode s : MOR ACC; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V A L CO DED ( M O M ) 34 3. M a rian, M P ., Ar ul, V., a n d P a ndia n T. J (1 98 3 ) Ac ute an d C h r onic Ef fe cts of C a r b ary l o n Survi v al, Growth, and Meta m o rphosis in the B u llfrog (R ana tigrina). Arch. E nvir on C ont am .T oxico l 12 : 271 -27 5 EcoRefe r ence No.: 10697 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR,PHY,GRO; Rej ection Code : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL). 344. M a rletto, F. P a tetta, A., and M a nino, A. ( 2 003). La borat o ry Asse ssm en t of Pesticide Toxicity to Bum b lebees. Bull.Insectol. 56 : 155 -15 8 Page 244 of 602

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EcoRefe r ence No.: 73698 User Def i n e 2 : WASHT,CALFT,CORE C h em ical of C once r n: M O M IM C LC YT ,C YF, D M T A V, ACP,CBL,CP Y M PS PL; Ha bitat : T; Effect Codes : M O R ; R e jection C ode : OK TAR G ET (DMT). 3 4 5 Mar tin ez, D. G. and Pienk o wsk i R. L. (1 983) C o m p ar ativ e Tox i cities o f Sev e r a l I n secticid es to an Insect Predator, a Nonpest Prey Specie s a n d a Pest Prey Species. J.Econ .En t omo l 76 : 9 33935 EcoRefe r ence No.: 37837 Chem ical of C once r n: M D T AZ,CBF ,M O M ,CBL,M LN; Ha bitat : T; Effect C ode s : MOR; Rej ectio n Code : LI TE EVAL CODED( CB L,CBF,M OM A Z) ,T ARGET ( M L N ) O K ( M D T) 3 4 6 Maso n, C. E. (1 986 ). Pr ogr essio n of Kno c kd own an d Mortalit y o f Ho n e y Bees (Hy m enoptera: A p idae ) S p ray e d with Insecti c ides M i xe d w ith Pen n ca p-M En v i r o n E n tom o l. 15: 1 7 0 17 6. EcoRefe r ence No.: 40005 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L M LN,M P, OM L,PR M P H SL M OM ; Ha bitat : T; Effect C ode s : M O R ; R e jectio n C ode : O K 34 7. M a son L J. S eal, D. R an d Janss o n R. K. ( 199 1) Respon se o f Sweetpotato W e ev il (Coleoptera: Apionidae ) to Se lected Insecticides. Fla.Entomol. 74 : 3 5035 5. EcoRefe r ence No.: 62617 User De fine 2: WA SHT C h em ical of C once r n: M O M C B L ,ES,PR N, C P Y; Ha bitat : T; E ffect Codes : M O R; Rej ectio n Code : O K 34 8. M a thur A. a n d B h atna gar P (1 9 9 1 ) A Tera toge nic Stu d y of C a r b ary l in Swiss Albi no M i ce. Fo od C h e m .T o x icol. 29 : 62 9-6 3 2 EcoRefe r ence No.: 87868 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : GRO,MOR,PHY,REP; Rej ect io n C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( CBL). 34 9. M a thur D. S. ( 1 9 7 4 ) T oxici t y of Se vin t o C e rtain Fis h es. J.I n l.Fish .S oc. I ndi a 6: 0 EcoRefe r ence No.: 8638 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR,BEH; R e j ection Cod e : LITE EVAL CODED( CBL) 350. M a yer, F. L. J. and Ellersiec k M R. ( 1 98 6) M a n u al o f Ac ute T oxicity: Interpretation and Data B a se fo r 41 0 C h em icals an d 66 Species of Fres hwate r Anim als. Reso ur.Pu b l .No 16 0, U. S. Dep I n terior, Fish Wildl. Serv. W a s h in g t on, DC 505 p. (USGS Data File). EcoRefe r ence No.: 6797 User De fine 2: REPS,WASH,CALF,C O RE,SENT C h em ical of C once r n: EDT,R S M,SZ,2 4DXY,ACP,ACR, ADC,ATZ,AZ,BS,Cap t an ,CBF ,CBL,CMPH,CPY,C u ,C u S DBN, DF Z, DM B,DM T, DO D, DP DP, D S D U D Z,F O G YP, H CCH,H XZ, L N R ,M BZ,M DT, M L N,M L T M O M M P ,M TL, Naled, OYZ ,PEB ,P AQT ,PRT ,PS M ,Folpet,P Y N CYT, DM M E FS, N AA ,NT P ,PM R ,PPB,T FN W F N ,RT N ; Habit a t : A; E ffect Codes : MOR,PHY; Rej ection C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( M TL,M LT,CB F,A D C,M O M PPB,SZ DM T WF N), O K( AL L CHEMS). Page 245 of 602

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3 5 1 Mayer F. L. Jr. and Eller s ieck M. R. (1 986) Man u a l of Acu t e To x i city: I n terpr e tatio n an d Data B a se fo r 41 0 C h em icals an d 66 Species of Fres hwate r Anim als. Reso ur.Pu b l .No 16 0, U. S. Dep I n terior, Fish Wildl. Serv. W a s h in g t on, DC 505 p. (USGS Data File). EcoRefe r ence No.: 6797 C h em ical of C once r n: EDT,R S M,SZ,2 4DXY,ACP,ACR, A D C, AT M AT N, ATZ, AZ,BS CaPS,Cap t an ,CBF,CBL,CM PH,C QTC,CP Y,CuS, DBN D F Z,DM B, DM T,D O D D P D P D S, D U D Z,F O ,G YP, H CCH HXZ ,I G S L N R M BZ, M CPB, MD T,MLN MLT, MO M, MP, M TL,N aN3 N a led, OY Z, PCP, PEB,PAQ T ,PRT,P SM ,F olpet,P Y N CYT DM M EFS N A A,NT P,PMR PPB,T FN,WF N ,RSM,RT N ,ALS V, Se,DB A C,Z n A s,M T P N D C B ,M TAS, O X D ; Ha bitat : A; Effect C ode s : M O R,P HY; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V AL CODE D(CBL M TAS,M T PN D CB,DZ ,I GS A TZ,M T L,M L T,CBF, ADC, M OM ,PPB, S Z DM T W F N ,RT N ,C uS, DO D, Na N3, D M B ,RSM ,Ca PS,M C PB, NaPCP,PCP,AMSV,ALS V,P R T,ATM,C Q T C ,AT N D BAC ) ,O K ( AL L CH EM S). 352. M c Artney, S. White, M ., L a tter, I ., a n d C a m pbell, J. ( 2 0 0 4 ) I n divid u al a n d C o m b ined Effects o f S h a d in g a n d T h in n i ng C h em icals on A b scissi on and D r y M a tter A ccum u lation of R oy al Gala' Apple Fr uit. J.Hortic.Sci.Bi o technol. 79 : 4 41448 EcoRefe r ence No.: 77571 C h em ical of C once r n: C a PS, C B L ; Ha bitat : T; E ffect Codes : AC C ; R e jection C ode : LITE EVAL CODED( CaPS) OK(CBL) 353. M c Cor d E J r and Yu, S J. ( 1 987) T h e Me chanism s of Carba r yl Resistance in the Fall A r m y w o r m Sp odo p t er a fru gip e rd a (J. E Smith ) Pestic.Biochem.Physi ol. 2 7 : 11 4-1 22. EcoRefe r ence No.: 87559 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : PMR,CYP,CBL,M OM,PRN,DZ; Hab itat : T; Effect Codes : MOR,PHY; R e j ection Cod e : LITE E VAL CODE D(CBL D Z,M O M ) O K ( PM R,CY P,PR N) 35 4. M c Do nald S (1 9 6 7 ) Or al T oxicity o f 23 I n secticides t o Grass h op pe rs i n the La bo rato ry an d the Infl uenc e of Species, Pretreatm e nt, an d G e og ra phical Distributio n. J. E c on .E nto m ol. 60 : 8 44849 EcoRefe r ence No.: 71105 User De fine 2: WA SHT CA L F T Chem ical of C once r n: AL D, DLD H P T, EN, C HD,M P N aled, D M T A Z,M L N,CBL; Ha bitat : T; Effect Codes : M O R ; R e jection C ode : OK(ALL C H E M S),OK TAR G ET (DMT ,MLN). 35 5. M c Kim J. M ., Schm ieder, P K., Niem i, G. J ., C a rls o n, R W., an d He nry T. R ( 1 98 7) Use of R e spirat ory C a rdio vasc ular R e sp ons es of R a inb o w Tr o u t (Salm o gair dn eri) in I d e n tify i ng Acute Toxicity Syndrom e s in Fish: Part 2. Ma lathion, C a r b ary l Acr o lein an d B e nzalde hy de. Environ.Toxic o l.Che m 6: 3 1 3 3 28 EcoRefe r ence No.: 12182 C h em ical of C once r n: AC L C B L ,M LN; H a bitat : A; E f f ect Codes : M O R,PHY,BCM,CEL; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V AL CODED(CB L,ACL ) ,OK(M L N). 356. McLeese, D. W., Zitko, V. and Peterson, M. R. (1979). Stru ct ure-Lethality Rela tionships for Phenols, Anilines and Other Arom atic Co mpounds in Shri m p and Clam s. Ch emo s ph ere 8: 53-57 (OECDG Data File). EcoRefe r ence No.: 5810 Chem ical of C once r n: CBL,P CP,CP, NP, P L, FNT, 4NP, A N ; Ha bitat : A; E ffect C odes : M O R ; R e jectio n C ode : LI TE EVAL CODED( CBL,PCP),OK( A LL C H EMS) Page 246 of 602

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35 7. M c leod, M J ., Twid well, E. K., and Gallenb erg D. J. (199 4) Alf a lf a Weev il Con t ro l, 1 993 Arthr o p o d M a na g. Tests 19: 1 7 2 17 3 (N o. 7 F ). EcoRefe r ence No.: 88952 C h em ical of C once r n: C P Y C B F,PSM ,M P M L N,C B L P M R ; Ha bitat : T; Effect Codes : POP,BCM; Rej ectio n Cod e : LITE EVAL CODED( CBL,MLN) OK( C PY,CBF, PSM,MP,PMR),OK TARGET(ML N). 3 5 8 McN u lty, E. W Dw yer, F. J ., Ellersiec k M R., Gre e r, E. I ., I nge rs oll, C. G ., and Ra beni, C. F. (1999). Eval uation of Ability of Reference To xicity Tests to Identify St ress i n Laborat o ry Populations of the Am phipod Hyalella azteca. E n viron.Toxi col.Che m 18 : 5 44548 EcoRefe r ence No.: 52121 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : Cd Cl,CBL,NaPCP; Hab itat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR; Rej ection C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( CBL,NaPCP ), OK (CaCl). 3 5 9 McN u lty, E. W Eller s ieck, M. R. Gr eer, E. I ., I nge rs oll, C G ., an d R a beni, C F. (1 9 9 9 ) Evaluation of Ability of Referenc e Toxicity Tests to Identify St ress i n Laborat o ry Populations of the Am phipod Hyalella azteca. E n viron.Toxicol.C h em. 18 : 544 -54 8 EcoRefe r ence No.: 52121 C h em ical of C once r n: C d ,C B L ,Na P C P ; Ha bitat : A; E ffe ct Codes : MOR; Rej ection Code : LITE EVAL C ODE D(Na PCP ) 36 0. M e gha raj, M Ven k ates warlu K ., a n d R a o, A. S. (1 9 8 9 ) E ffects of C a r b o f u r an an d C a rb ary l on the G r o w th of a Gree n Alg a an d T w o C y anobacteria Is olated from a Rice Soil. Agric.Ec osyst.Environ. 25 : 32 9-3 3 6 EcoRefe r ence No.: 74542 C h em ical of C once r n: C B F ,C B L ; Ha bitat : A; E ffect C o des : GR O; R e je ction C ode : LITE EVAL CODED( CBL,CBF) 36 1. M e rriam T. L. an d Axtell, R C ( 1 9 8 3 ) Relative Toxicity of Certain Pesticides to Lage nidium gigante u m (Oom y cetes : Lage nidiales), a F u n g a l Patho g e n of M o sq uito Lar v ae. Environ.Ent o mol. 1 2 : 51 5-5 21. EcoRefe r ence No.: 66427 C h em ical of C once r n: M T PN, A CR,C P Y, FNT H ,M L N ,TM P ,D FZ,C aptan, ATZ D D T ,HCCH ,CBL, PPX ,PM R ,T X P ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : GRO; Rej ection Code : L I TE EV A L CODE D(M L N CBL,M TP N, ATZ ) O K ( A L L CHEM S ) 362. M e tts, B. S. H o pkins, W. A ., and Ne stor J P. (20 05) In teractio n of an Insecticide with Larval De nsity in P o nd -B ree d ing Salam a nders ( A m b y s tom a ). Fres hw.Bi o l. 5 0 : 68 5-6 96. EcoRefe r ence No.: 85946 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : GRO,MOR,CEL; Rej ectio n Cod e : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL). 363. Mills, N. E. and Sem litsch, R. D. (2004). C o m p et ition and Predation Mediate the Indi rect Effects of a n Insecticide on S out her n Le o p ar d F r o g s Ecol.Appl. 1 4 : 10 41105 4. EcoRefe r ence No.: 86760 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : POP,M O R,GRO; Rej ection C ode : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL). Page 247 of 602

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364. M o ra, B. R. M a rtinez-Ta bc he L. Sa nc hezHidalgo, E. H e rna n dez, G. C., R u iz, M C G., and M u rrieta, F. F ( 2 00 0 ) R e lationshi p B e t w een T oxic oki netics o f C a r b a r y l an d E ffect on Acetylcholines terase Activity in Pom acea patula Snail. Ec ot oxicol.E nvir on .S af. 4 6 : 23 4-23 9. EcoRefe r ence No.: 52354 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR,ACC,B C M; Rej ectio n Cod e : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL). 365. M o ra, P. M i chel, X. a n d Na r b onne, J.F (1999). C holinesterase Activity as Potential B i om arker in Tw o B i valve s E n viron.Toxi col.P har macol 7: 2 5 3 26 0. EcoRefe r ence No.: 60846 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L M P; Ha bitat : A; E ffect C o des : BCM; Rejection C ode : LITE EVAL CODED( CBL) OK(MP) 36 6. M o scio ni, A. D., E ngel, J. L. an d C a si da, J. E. (1 9 7 7 ) Ky nu re nine Fo rm am idase In hi bition as a Possi ble Mechanism for Certain Te ra tog e n i c Eff ects of Org a nop ho sph o ru s an d Methylcarbamate Insecticides in C h icke n E m bry o s. Bi och e m.P h arm a c o l. 26 : 225 1-2 258. EcoRefe r ence No.: 38043 C h em ical of C once r n: DCTP, D Z CBL,PIRM PP HD ,M TM ,PRN ,P RT,M P,CM PH ,M VP,M L N D M T ,D DV P; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : B C M GR O; R e jection C ode : LITE EVAL CODE D( DZ ,CBL), NO END P O I NT( D CTP,PIRM P P H D M T M PR N,PRT M P ,C M P H,M V P,M L N, DM T, DD VP) 367. Mostert, M. A., Schoem a n, A. S., an d Van der Merwe, M. (2002) The Relative Toxicities of Insecticides to Earthworm s of th e Phe r etim a Group (Oligoc haeta). Pest Ma nag .S ci. 58: 44 6 45 0. EcoRefe r ence No.: 66555 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : CYF,IMC,CPY,CBL; Hab itat : T; Effect C ode s : MOR; Rej ection C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( CYF) ,O K( IM C,CPY,CBL ), NO EN DP O I N T (FP N ) 368. Mostert, M. A., Schoem a n, A. S., an d Van der Merwe, M. (2002) The Relative Toxicities of Insecticides to Earthworm s of th e Phe r etim a Group (Oligoc haeta). Pest Ma nag .S ci. 58: 44 6 45 0. EcoRefe r ence No.: 66555 C h em ical of C once r n: C Y F IMC,CPY,CBL,FPN; Hab itat : T; E ffect Codes : M O R; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V AL CODED(CB L,CYF ) ,O K( IMC, CPY ) N O EN DPOIN T (FPN ). 36 9. M o stert, M A Sc hoem a n, A. S., an d Va n de r M e r w e, M (2 00 0 ) T h e To xi city of Fi ve Insecticides to Earthworm s of the Phe r etim a Group, Usin g an Artificial Soil Test. Pest Ma na g. Sci. 56 : 10 93109 7. EcoRefe r ence No.: 62642 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : CYF,FPN,I M C,CBL,CPY; Hab itat : T; E ffect Codes : GRO,MOR; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V AL CODED(CYF,FP N),OK(ALL CHEM S). 37 0. M o u n t, M E. a n d Oe hm e, F. W. ( 1 98 1) Di agnostic Criteria for Carbar yl Po ison in g in Sh eep. Arch. E nvir on C ont am .T oxico l 10 : 483 -49 5 EcoRefe r ence No.: 38050 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : ACC,MOR,BCM; Rej ectio n Co d e : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL). Page 248 of 602

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37 1. M u irhea d -Th o m son, R C ( 1 97 3 ) La b o rat o ry Eval uatio n of Pesticide Im pact o n Stream In verte b rates. Freshw.Biol. 3: 4 79498 EcoRefe r ence No.: 2719 Chem ica l of C once r n: PP X,C B L,TXP,ES ,DDT,PR N ,AZ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V AL CODED(CB L),NO EN DPOIN T (AZ) ,O K( PPX TX P, ES,D DT, P RN ) 37 2. M uncy R J a n d Olive r A D. J r ( 1 9 6 3 ) Toxicity of Ten Insecticid es to the Red Crawfish, Procam barus c l arki (Gira r d). Tran s.Am.Fish.So c. 92 : 428 -43 1 EcoRefe r ence No.: 2156 Chem ical of C once r n: M R X, DCTP, D M T P PH D,M L N,M P ,CBL,E N, DD T,Nale d; Habi tat : A; E ffect C o des : M O R ; R e jection C ode : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL,DMT),OK(AL L CHEMS). 37 3. M u rr ay F. J. Staples, R E. and Sc hwetz, B A. ( 1 97 9 ) Terato genic P o tential of C a rb ary l Give n to R a b b i t s an d M i ce by Ga vage o r by Dietary I n clusi o n Toxic o l.A p pl.P har m a col. 51: 81 8 9 EcoRefe r ence No.: 87557 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : GRO,PHY,REP,MOR; Rej ection C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( CBL). 374. Murray, H. E and Guthrie, R K. (19 80) Eff ects of Car b aryl, Diazin o n and Malath ion on Native Aquatic Populations of Micr oo rg an ism s Bu ll.En viro n.Con t am.Toxico l 24 : 53 5-5 4 2 EcoRefe r ence No.: 6587 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L D Z,M L N; Ha bitat : A; E ffe ct Codes : PHY PO P ; Rej ectio n C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( CBL),O K (M L N ), N O E N DP OI NT( D Z ) 37 5. Nair, G A M oham e d, A. I. and B h uy an K C (1 9 9 5 ) C o m p arative Effe cts of C h em ical Pesticides on Survival B o dy M a ss an d R e s p iration of th e Pulm onate Slugs, Milax rusticus (Millet, 1843) and Milax sowerbyi (Feru ssac, 1823) (Mollusca: Milacidae). J.Afr.Zool. 1 09: 1 41149 EcoRefe r ence No.: 87865 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L M DT,F N V G YP; Ha bitat : T; Effect Codes : MOR,GR O,BCM; Rej ectio n Code : LI TE EV AL COD E D( CBL) ,O K( MD T, FN V, GY P) 376. Nalecz-Ja wecki, G., Kuc h a r cz yk, E ., a n d Sa wicki, J. (2002). T h e Sensitivity of Protoz oa n Spir ostom u m am biguum to Selected Pesticid es. F r eseni u s Environ.Bull. 11 : 98101 EcoRefe r ence No.: 69821 C h em ical of C once r n: ACYP ,DM PR M HCCH,CBL ,M OM ,M L N ,C aptan, LNR, G Y P ,P DM ,BT, D M B,24D X Y M C P A,TP E,P D M P C H,D D V P, TH M DO D; Ha bitat : A; Ef fect Codes : MOR; Rej ection Code : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL,MLN,M OM ,DMB),OK(ALL CHEMS). 377. Nalecz-Ja wecki, G. and Sawic k i, J (1999). Spirotox A Ne w T o ol for Tes ting the T oxici ty of Volatile Com pounds. Ch emosp h ere 38: 3 2 1 1 3 21 8. EcoRefe r ence No.: 19880 C h em ical of C once r n: N A P H ,C 8O H, TO L, M O L,C B L ,E T HN; Ha bitat : A; E ffect C o des : M O R,GR O; R e jection Code : LITE E VAL CODE D(CBL N A P H C8OH ) O K ( A LL C H EM S). Page 249 of 602

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37 8. Naq v i, S. M a n d Fe rg us on D. E. (1 9 7 0 ) L e vels of I n secticide R e sistanc e in F r es hWat e r Shrim p Palae m onetes kadia k en sis. Tran s.Am.Fish So c. 99 : 696 -69 9 EcoRefe r ence No.: 2665 Chem ical of C once r n: AZ ,C BL,HCCH ,D D T ,EN CH D,PR N, HPT, TX P,M O ; Habitat : A; Effect C ode s : MOR; Rej ection C ode : LIT E EVAL CODE D(CBL ), OK(ALL C H EMS ) 37 9. Naq v i, S. M a n d Fe rg us on D. E. (1 9 6 8 ) P e sticide Tolera nces of Selecte d F r es hwate r In verte b rates. J.Miss.Ac ad.Sc i 14 : 121 -12 7 EcoRefe r ence No.: 2093 Chem ical of C once r n: AZ ,C BL,CPY ,HCC H,M L N,M P D Z; Ha bitat : A; Ef fect Codes : M O R ; R e jectio n C ode : LIT E EVA L CO DE D(CBL, D Z ) O K( ALL CHEM S). 38 0. Naq v i, S. M a n d Ha w k ins R ( 1 98 8) T o xi city of Selected Insectic ides (Thiodan, Security, Spa r tan, an d S e vin ) to M o s q u itofish, Gam b usia affi nis. Bul l .Environ.C ontam.Toxicol. 40: 7 79784 EcoRefe r ence No.: 5806 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ,E S,M L N; Ha bitat : A; E ffect Codes : MOR; Rej ection Code : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL),OK(ES MLN). 38 1. Naq v i, S. M Z ( 1 97 3) T o xicity of T w enty T hree I n secticides t o a T u bifi cid Wo rm Branchiura sowerbyi From t h e Mississippi Delta. J.Econ .En t omo l 66: 7 0 7 4. EcoRefe r ence No.: 2798 Chem ical of C once r n: AZ ,C BL,CPY ,HCC H,M L N,M P ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR; Rej ectio n Code : N O E N DP OI NT( A Z ) ,L I TE E VAL CO DED ( CBL) 382. Nayak, M. K., Collins, P. J., a n d Reid, S. R. (1998). Efficacy of Grain Prot ectants and Ph osp h i n e Aga i nst Lip o scelis bost r y c h o p h ila, L. ent o m ophi la, an d L paeta (Ps o c opte r a: Liposcelidae) J.Econ .En t omo l 9 1 : 12 08121 2. EcoRefe r ence No.: 70616 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : RSM,CYP,CBL; Hab itat : T; Effec t Codes : MOR ; Rej ection Code : TARGET(C Y P,RSM). 38 3. Neil, K A., Ga ul, S O., an d M c R ae, K. B ( 1 9 9 7 ) C o ntr o l of the E n glish Grai n Ap hid [Sito bio n a v en ae (F .)] ( H om optera: A phi didae) a n d the Oat Birdc h erry Aphid [ R ho p a lo siphum p a d i ( L .) ] (Ho m o p t er a: Ap h i d i d a e) o n W i n t er Cer eals. Ca n. E n to mo l. 129 : 10 7 9 1 09 1. EcoRefe r ence No.: 63983 C h em ical of C once r n: M C PP,DM B, 24D X Y ,M CP A, DM T,CBL,M ZB,TD F ,PCZ C QTC,EP H,B M N,P I M ; Ha bitat : T; Effect Codes : REP,M O R POP; Rejection C ode : LIT E EVAL CODE D( DM T PCZ, DM B,T D F) ,O K ( AL L CHEM S) 38 4. Nelu vhala ni, M J., Fer r eira S. M a n d V a n Aar d e, R J ( 1 9 9 5 ) T h e E f f ect(s) of C a r b a r y l Treated Seed on B ody Maintenance and Surv ival of the M u lti-Ma mm ate Mouse, Mastomys natalensis (sensu lato). Onde rstepoort J Vet.Res. 62 : 2 35-2 4 0 EcoRefe r ence No.: 52644 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : GRO,MOR,BEH; Rej ection C o d e : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL). Page 250 of 602

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38 5. Neu h a u ser E F. a n d C a llaha n, C A (1 9 9 0 ) G r o w th a n d R e pr od uctio n of the Ea rth w o r m Eisenia fetida Ex pose d t o S u blethal C o nc e n trations of Organic Chem icals Soil Bi ol.Biochem. 22: 1 7 5 17 9. EcoRefe r ence No.: 40469 Chem ical of C once r n: PL, 4 N P ,P AH ,DL D ,C BL; Ha bitat : T; Effect Codes : GRO,REP,M O R; Rej ectio n Co d e : LITE E V AL C ODE D( CBL) OK( A LL CHEMS). 386. Neuha u ser E F., D u r k in, P. R., M a leck i, M R., and Anatra, M. ( 198 6) Co m p ar ativ e To xicity of Te n Or ga nic C h e m icals to Fo ur Earth w o r m Sp ecies. Com p .B ioche m .P hysiol .C 83: 1 9 7 20 0 ( O EC D G Data File). EcoRefe r ence No.: 40417 C h em ical of C once r n: PL, 4 N P ,C B L ,P AH; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : M O R; Rej ection C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( CBL),O K ( A L L CHEM S ) 3 8 7 Neuh au ser, E. F., Lo eh r, R. C., an d Maleck i, M. R. ( 1986 ) Co n t act an d Artif icial So il Tests Using Earthworm s to Evaluat e th e Im pact of W a stes i n Soil. In : J.K Petro s ,Jr., W.J L a cy an d R.A.C o nw ay ( E d s .) Ha z a rd o u s a n d I n d u stiral Solid W a ste Testin g, 4t h Sym p osiu m, ASTM STP 886, Philadelphi a, PA 8 8 6 : 1 92203 EcoRefe r ence No.: 40578 C h em ical of C once r n: Cd ,Ni Pb ,Zn PAH,Cu S,Cu Cl ,NAPH,CuN,PL,CBL,PCP,AMS V,ET HB, D CB; Habitat : T; Effect C ode s : MOR; Rej ection C ode : LIT E EVAL CODED( CBL,DCB,NAPH,C u C l,Cu S, PCP,AMSV),OK(ALL CHEM S). 388. Neuhauser, E. F., Loehr, R. C., Malecki, M. R., Milligan D. C., and Durkin P. R. (1985). The T o xicity of Selected Che m icals to the Earthworm Eise nia fetida. J E n viro n. Q ual. 14 : 3 83388 (OEC DG Data File) EcoRefe r ence No.: 40495 Chem ical of C once r n: P A H P C P,4NP, 2CP NP,CBL ,PL, D P DP ,F A, ACE, AM SV; Ha bit a t : T; Effect C ode s : MOR; Rej ection C ode : LIT E EVAL CODE D(PC P). 389. Neuhauser, E. F., Loehr, R. C., Malecki, M. R., Milligan D. C., and Durkin P. R. (1985). The T o xicity of Selected Organic Chem i cals to the Eart hworm Eisenia fetida. J.En viro n.Qual. 14: 383-388 (OEC DG Data File). EcoRefe r ence No.: 40495 Chem ical of C once r n: P A H P C P,4NP, 2CP NP,CBL ,PL, D P DP ,F A, ACE, AM SV ,ET H B; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : M O R; Rej ection Code : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( PCP,AM SV ). 390. Neuhauser, E. F., Loehr, R. C., Malecki, M. R., Milligan, D. L., and Du rki n P. R. (1985). The Toxicity of Selected Organic Chem ica l s to the Earthworm Eisenia fetida. J.E n viron.Qual. 14 : 3 83388 (OEC DG Data File) EcoRefe r ence No.: 40495 C h em ical of C once r n: PA H,PCP 4NP 2CP,CBL ,PL DP DP, F A AC E,AM S V ,E TH B,NA PH ,N P,T O L,B N Z. DCB ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : M O R; Rej ection Code : L I TE EV A L CODE D( DCB, NA PH ,PCP, A M S V, CBL), OK(ALL CHEM S) 39 1. Nielsen, D G. and B a lder sto n C P ( 197 5) Ev alu a tion of In s ecticides for Preventing R e pr od uctio n of Pales a n d N o rt her n Pi ne W eevils in Pine Stum ps. J.Econ .En t omo l 6 8 : 20 5 20 6. Page 251 of 602

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EcoRefe r ence No.: 73554 User De fine 2: WA SHT CA L F T Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : HCC H ,CBF,CPY,CBL ; Hab itat : T; Rej ection Code : L I TE EVAL CODE D(CBF ) 39 2. Nim m o, D. R Ham a ker, T L ., M a tthe w s, E. an d M o ore, J. C ( 1 98 1 ) A n Ove r view of th e Acute a n d C h r onic Ef fects o f Firs t and Second Ge ne ration Pesticides on a n Est u ari n e M y sid. In : F J.Ver n be rg, A.C a la bres e, F.P T h u r ber g a n d W.B Ver nbe rg ( E ds.) B i ologic a l Mo nitorin g of Marine Pollutants, Academ ic Press, I n c. NY 319 EcoRefe r ence No.: 4891 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L M P, PRT,DZ,T FN,T XP ,DFZ; Ha bitat : A; E ffect C odes : REP,MOR; Rej ectio n Cod e : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL,DZ,PRT),OK(ALL CHEM S). 39 3. Noetzel, D. an d Kellesvig K. ( 1 99 2) Fl ea Beetle Control in Ca nola, Trial 3, 1991. In : A.K.Burditt,Jr.(Ed.) Insectic ide and Acarici d e Tests, Vo lume 17, Entomol.Soc.of Am., Lan ham, MD 19 2. EcoRefe r ence No.: 79763 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : TBO,CBF,ES,CBL,EFV,M P; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : POP; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V A L CO DED ( E F V), O K( ALL CHEM S) 3 9 4 No etzel, D., Ricar d, M., and Heu s er L. (1 99 2) Gr assh opper Con t ro l in Co n s erv a tio n Reser v e Pr ogr am Lan d 19 91 In: A.K.Burditt,Jr.(Ed.) Insecticide and Acaricid e Tests, Volume 17, En tomo l.So c.o f Am., Lanh am, MD 1 85186 EcoRefe r ence No.: 79759 C h em ical of C once r n: M L N AC P,EFV,CBL,CBF,CPY; Hab itat : T; Effect Codes : POP; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V A L CO DED ( E F V), O K( ALL CHEM S) 39 5. No gr ady T. a n d Keshm i rian, J. ( 1 98 6) R o tif er Neu r o p h arm acolo gy I. C holine r gic D r u g Effects on Ovi position of Philodina acu ticornis (R otifera, Aschelminthes). Com p .Bi o che m .Physi ol.C 8 3 : 3 35338 EcoRefe r ence No.: 74964 C h em ical of C once r n: DM T M L N,C B L ,TC F ; Ha bitat : A; Ef fect Codes : REP; Rej ectio n C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( DM T,M L N,C B L). 396. Nollenberger, E. L. (1981). Toxica nt-Induced C h anges i n B r ain, Gill, Li ver, and Kidney of Br oo k Trou t Ex po sed to Carbar yl, Atr azin e 2 4 Dich lo ro phen o x y acetic Acid an d Par a thio n : A Cytochem ic al Study. P h D .Thesis Pe n n s y lvania St ate Univ. Universi ty Park, PA 213 p EcoRefe r ence No.: 72745 C h em ical of C once r n: AT Z,C B L,2 4 D X Y ,P R N ; H a bitat : A; E ffect C o des : PHY,CEL,BCM,BEH; Rej e ctio n C o d e : LITE E VAL CODE D(CBL A TZ ), OK (24D XY ,PRN ). 39 7. No rb er gKin g T. J (1 9 8 7 ) A n E v aluatio n o f the Fathea d M i nn ow Se ven Day S u bc hr on ic Test f o r Estim ating C h r onic To xicity M.S.Thesis, University of Wyoming, Laramie, W Y 80 p EcoRefe r ence No.: 17878 C h em ical of C once r n: A g N,Z n S,C B L ,Se, DZ ,K 2C r 2 0 7 ,C P H ; Habitat : A ; Ef fect Codes : M O R,GR O; R e jection Code : LITE E VAL CODE D(CBL D Z) ,O K( AL L CHEM S) 39 8. No rb er gKin g T. J (1 9 8 9 ) A n E v aluatio n o f the Fathea d M i nn ow Se ven Day S u bc hr on ic Page 252 of 602

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Test Fo r E s tim a ting C h r onic To xicity Envi ron.Toxicol.C h em. 8 : 1 075 -108 9. EcoRefe r ence No.: 5313 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L D Z,Z n S Se, N a C r,C P Y A g N; Ha bitat : A; E ffect C odes : GRO,M O R; R e jection Code : LITE E VAL CODE D(CBL D Z, NaCr ), OK ( A LL C H EM S ) 39 9. Ob ulak o ndaia h M ., Sree niva s u lu, C an d Ve nkates w arl u K ( 1 99 3) No nta r get E ffects o f Car b ar yl and I t s Hydro l ysis Pr odu ct, 1 Naphth o l Toward s An ab aen a toru lo sa. Bioche m.M o l. Biol.I nt. 29: 7 0 3 7 10 EcoRefe r ence No.: 88395 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : POP,PHY; Rejection C ode : LITE EVAL CODED( CBL) 400. Olaifa, J I., Adenuga, A. O., and Ka nu, K. M. (1991). Relative Efficacy of a Neem Form ulation a n d F o ur C o nve n tional I n secticides i n the Pr ot ection of S o m e Ar able C r o p s Ag ain s t Acr i doid Gr assh opp ers. Disco v .Inn ov. 3: 1 1 5 12 1. EcoRefe r ence No.: 69311 C h em ical of C once r n: DL D, C Y P,C B L A Z D ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : PH Y, PO P ; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V AL CODED(AZ D,CYP),OK(ALL CHEM S). 40 1. Om kar an d M u rti, R (1 9 8 5 ) To xicity of Some Pesticides to the Freshwat er Prawn, M acro b rac h iu m day a num (Hende rs on ) (Dec apo d a, C a ride a ) Cru s ta ceana 4 9 : 16 EcoRefe r ence No.: 12422 C h em ical of C once r n: ES,C B L ,PP HD; Ha bi tat : A; Ef fect Codes : MOR; Rej ection Code : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL),OK(ES PP HD). 40 2. Om kar an d Sh ukla, G S (1 9 8 5 ) To xicity o f I n secticides t o M acr o b rac h i u m lam a rrei (H.Milne E d wards ) (Deca poda: Palaem onidae). Cru s ta ceana 4 8 : 15. EcoRefe r ence No.: 11541 C h em ical of C once r n: D D V P C B L ; Ha bitat : A; Effect Codes : M O R; Rej ectio n Cod e : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL),OK(DDVP ) 4 0 3 Or is, J. T., W i n n e r R. W., and Moor e, M V. (19 9 1 ) A Fou r D ay Surv ival an d Repr oductio n Tox i city Test fo r Cer i od ap hn ia du b i a. E n vir o n.Toxicol.C h e m 10 : 217 -22 4 EcoRefe r ence No.: 3590 C h em ical of C once r n: AC R ATZ,M X C BTC,Cu S,CBL,24DXY,P L,P A H; Ha bitat : A; Effect C odes : REP,MOR; Rej ection C o d e : LIT E EVAL CODE D(CBL,ATZ ,C uS,OW-TR VCu ) OK(ALL CHEMS). 404. Orsted, K. M., Dubay, S. A., Raisbeck, M. F., Siem ion, R. S., Sanchez, D. A., and W illiam s E. S ( 1 998). L ack of Relay T oxicity in Ferret Hybrids fed Ca rba r yl-Treat ed Prairie Dogs. J.Wildl.Dis. 34: 3 62364 EcoRefe r ence No.: 64394 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : PHY; Rej ection Code : L I TE EV A L CODE D(CBL ) 4 0 5 Or teg o F. an d Bo wer s W. S. ( 199 6) In du ctio n of Au to to m y in th e Am er ican Bird Grass h op pe r S c histocerc a am ericana (D r u ry ) by the Ec dy s one A g onist R H 5 8 4 9 a n d Investigation of Its Mode of Action. Experi entia 5 2 : 42 -50. Page 253 of 602

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EcoRefe r ence No.: 83211 Chem ical of C once r n: 4AP D C F,A N D ES ,T XP, H CCH ,M L N ,PR N ,SB D A, CBL,CBF,AL D ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : M O R,BEH; Rej e ctio n C o d e : LITE E VAL CODE D( 4AP ) O K ( A LL C H E M S). 406. Ostlie, K. R. (1992). Ins ecticide Perform a nce Against First Generation Europe an Corn B o rerLiqui ds vs Gra nules 19 9 1 In: A.K.Burditt,Jr.( Ed.) Insecticide and Ac aricide Tests, Vol u me 17, E n tom o l.Soc.of A m L a nham M D 2 1521 6. EcoRefe r ence No.: 79800 Chem ical of C once r n: BFT, M P ,CBF,CY F F NF ,CPY ,EF V D Z,CBL, P M R ,LCYT; H a bitat : T; Effect C ode s : POP; Rej ection C ode : LIT E EVA L CO DE D(BFT CY F,E F V) ,O K ( AL L CHEMS). 407. Palawski, D., Hunn, J. B. and Dwyer, F. J. (1985). Sens itivity of Young Striped Bass t o Or ga nic an d In or ga nic C o nta m inants in Fre s h a n d Saline Waters. Tran s.Am.Fish.So c. 11 4: 7 48753 EcoRefe r ence No.: 11334 Chem ical of C once r n: CBL, M LN,CuS, A s O 5,Ni,C d,S e ,P b,Cr ,T XP,Z n; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR; Rej ection Code : LITE E V AL CODED(CB L,CuS OW-TR V Cu,A sO 5) ,O K ( Cd,Ni Zn,M L N ,T XP ), NO M I XT URE ( A g ,C r,Se ). 40 8. Pant, J. C an d Sing h, T. ( 1 9 8 3 ) I n ducem ent o f M e tab o lic Dy sf unctio n b y C a rbam ate and Or ga no p hos p h o r u s C o m pou n d s i n a Fish, P u ntius c o nch o n ius. Pestic.Bi o chem.P hysiol. 20: 2 94298 EcoRefe r ence No.: 10709 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L D M T ; Habitat : A; Effect Codes : M O R,PHY,BCM; Rej e ctio n C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( CBL,DM T ) 40 9. Pant, N. S h a n kar R an d Sri v astava S P ( 1 9 9 6 ) S p erm a totoxic Ef fects of C a r b ary l in R a ts. Hum.E x p.T o xicol. 15: 7 3 6 73 8. EcoRefe r ence No.: 87646 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : R E P; Rej ection Code : L I TE EV A L CODE D(CBL ) 410. Pant, N. S r iva s tava, S. C. P r asad, A K Sh anka r, R ., a n d Srivasta va, S. P. ( 1 99 5 ) Ef fe cts of Carbaryl on the Rat's Male R e productive Sy ste m Vet.Hum.Toxicol. 37 : 4 21425 EcoRefe r ence No.: 87648 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : G R O,BCM ,CEL ,REP,BE H ; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V AL CODED(CB L). 411. Pantani, C., Pan nunzio, G., De Cristofaro, M ., Novelli, A. A., and Salvat ori, M. (1997). Com p arative Acute Toxicity of Som e Pestic ides, Metals, and Surfactants to Gam m a rus italicus Goe d m an d Echi no ga m m a rus tibaldi i Pink a n d Sto c k. Bu ll.En viro n.Con t am.Toxico l 59: 9 6 3 96 7. EcoRefe r ence No.: 18621 C h em ical of C once r n: ACR,ATZ,AZ,CBF,CBL,DM T F MP,H CCH,MLT, MO M, M P C d,ADC,DDT,MXC,OML,TB C,Cu Cl,Cr PPX,Zn ,Hg ; Habitat : A; Ef fect Codes : M O R; Rej ection C o de : LITE E V AL CODE D(M L T, CBF,A DC,M O M ,DM T ,C uCl) ,O K( ALL C H EM S). Page 254 of 602

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412. Pantani, C., Pan nunzio, G., De Cristofaro, M ., Novelli, A. A., and Salvat ori, M. (1997). Com p arative Acute Toxicity of Som e Pestic ides, Metals, and Surfactants to Gam m a rus italicus Goe d m and Echi noga m m a rus tibaldi i Pink. a n d Stock (Crust acea: Am phipoda ). Bull.Envir o n.C ont am .T oxicol. 59 : 963 -96 7 EcoRefe r ence No.: 18621 C h em ical of C once r n: CBF,A DC,D D T ,M P,M X C F M P,HCCH ,D M T ,A Z PP X,OML,TBC,MO M,CBL,ACR,ATZ,M LT,CD,Zn,CuCl,Hg,Cr ; Habitat : A; Ef fect Codes : M O R; Rej ection C o de : LITE E V AL CODE D(CBL A Z, ATZ M LT, CBF,A DC,M O M ,DM T ,C uCl) ,O K( ALL C H EM S). 41 3. Par k er, B L ., Dewey J. E., a n d B ache C A ( 1 97 0) C a r b a m ate B i oassay Usin g Dap h n ia m a gna. J.Econ .En t omo l 63: 7 1 0 71 4. EcoRefe r ence No.: 9659 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ADC P P X ; Ha bitat : A; E ffe ct Codes : MOR; Rej ection Code : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL,ADC),OK(P PX). 414. Parsons, J. T. and Surge oner, G. A. (1991). Acute Toxic ities of Perm ethrin, Fenitrothi on, Carbaryl and C a rbofuran to M o squito Larvae Duri ng Singleor M u ltiple-P ulse Exposures. Environ.Toxic o l.Che m 10 : 12 29123 3. EcoRefe r ence No.: 3917 Chem ical of C once r n: CBF,C BL,PM R ,F NT; Ha bitat : A; Effect C ode s : MOR; Rej ection C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( CBL,CBF), OK (PM R ,F NT) 415. Parsons, J. T. an d Surgeoner, G. A. (1991 ). Effect of Exposure Tim e on t h e Acute Toxi cities of Perm ethrin, Fenitr othio n C a rba r y l an d C a rb of u r an to M o squit o La rvae Environ.Toxic o l.Che m 10 : 12 19122 7. EcoRefe r ence No.: 3916 Chem ical of C once r n: CBF,C BL,PM R ,F NT; Ha bitat : A; Effect C ode s : MOR; Rej ection C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( CBL,CBF), OK (PM R ). 416. Patil, P. S., Gadkari, M. P. B h ale, K. B ., and Kul k arni, K. M. (1992). Toxicity of Carbamate Insecticides to Freshwat er Crab Paratelphusa j acquem ontii (Rathbun). En vir o n. E c o l 10 : 3 97 39 9. EcoRefe r ence No.: 5819 C h em ical of C once r n: C B F ,C B L ; Ha bitat : A; E ffect C o des : MOR,PHY; Rej ectio n Cod e : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBF,C BL). 417. Peterson, H G. Boutin, C., M a rtin, P. A. Free m a rk, K. E., Ruecke r N. J., and M o od y, M. J. ( 199 4) Aq u a tic Ph ytoTo x i city o f 23 Pes ticides Applied at Expected Envi ronm ental Concentrations. A q uat. T oxic o l 28 : 275 -29 2 EcoRefe r ence No.: 13800 C h em ical of C once r n: ACL,CBL,24DXY,SZ,CBF,ATZ, BM N,T P R,MBZ,GYP,TET,MT C,IZT DMM,PCL CSF,HX Z; Habitat : A; Ef fect Codes : PH Y, PO P ; Rej ection Cod e : LITE E VAL CODED( CBL,ATZ,CBF,M T L ,SZ,PCZ,AC L),OK(ALL C H EMS). 41 8. Peterso n J. L., Jeps o n P. C and Je nki ns, J. J. ( 2 00 1) E ffe ct of Va ry ing P e sticide Ex p o s u re Duration and Concentration on the Toxicity of Carbaryl to Two Field-Col l ected Stream Inverte b rates, Calineuria cali f ornica (Plec o ptera: Perli d ae) and Cinygm a sp. (E phem e roptera: Hepta g eniidae). E n viron.Toxi col.Che m 20 : 2 215 -22 2 3 Page 255 of 602

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EcoRefe r ence No.: 62450 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR,BEH; R e j ection Cod e : LITE EVAL CODED( CBL) 41 9. Peterso n J. L., Jeps o n P. C and Je nki ns J. J. ( 2 001) A Te st System to E v aluate t h e Susceptibility of Oregon, USA, Native Strea m Invertebrat e s to Triclopyr and Carbaryl. Environ.Toxic o l.Che m 20 : 22 05221 4. EcoRefe r ence No.: 62451 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : CBL,TBR; Hab itat : A; E ffect C o des : M O R ; R e jection C ode : LITE EVAL CODED( CBL) OK( TPR) 42 0. Pfeif f er, C J ., Qiu, B an d C h o C H. ( 1 99 7) Electr o n M i crosc o pi c Pe rs pectives of Gil l Pathol ogy I n d u ced by 1 Nap h t hy l-N-M e t h y l carbam a te in the Gol d fis h (C arassius au ratu s Linnae u s ) Histol.Histopathol. 12 : 6 45653 EcoRefe r ence No.: 19944 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR,CEL; Rej ectio n Cod e : LITE EVAL CODED ( CBL) 421. Phipps, G. L. and Holcom be, G. W. (198 5). A Method for Aquatic Multiple Species Toxicant Testing: Ac ut e To xicity of 1 0 C h em ical s to 5 Ve rtebrates and 2 I n verteb r a tes. Environ.Pollut Ser A 38: 1 4 1 15 7 (A ut ho r C o m m unication Used ) (O EC D G Data File). EcoRefe r ence No.: 10775 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ,C PY, P C P ,C d; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR; Rej ection C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( CBL,PCP),OK( CPY,Cd) 422. Pickeri n g, Q. H., Lazorcha k, J. M., and W i nks, K. L. (1996). Subchronic Sens itivity of One-, Fo ur -, a n d Se v e nDay Old Fa thead M i nn o w (Pim e phales p r om elas) Larva e to Fi ve T o xicants. Environ.Toxic o l.Che m 15 : 35 3-3 5 9 EcoRefe r ence No.: 16510 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ,C 8O H; Ha bitat : A; Effect Codes : M O R,GR O; Rej ection C ode : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL,C 8OH). 423. Pipy, B., Gaillard, D., and Derache, R. (1982 ). Enzym a tic Activities of Li ver Seri ne Esterases Du rin g t h e R e ticuloen d o theli a l Sy stem Pha gocy t o s is B l oc kade by C a rba r y l an Anticholinesterasic Insecticide. To xico l.Appl.Pha rma c o l 62 : 1118 EcoRefe r ence No.: 87558 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : M O R,GR O,BC M PH Y; Rejec tion C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( CBL). 42 4. Pitre, H. N. ( 1 98 8 ) R e latio ns hip o f Fall Ar m y worm (Lepi d o p tera: N o ct uidae ) f r o m Flori d a, Honduras, Jamaica, and Missi ssippi: Susceptib ility to Insecticides with Reference to Migration. Fla.Ent o mol. 71 : 5 6 -6 1. EcoRefe r ence No.: 73699 User Def i n e 2 : WASHT,CALFT,CORE Chem ical of C once r n: M O M CBL,PM R ,CP Y ,M P; Ha bitat : T; E ffect C o des : M O R; Rej ectio n Code : O K 42 5. Pom e roy S E. an d B a r r ett, G W. (1 9 7 5 ) D y nam i cs of En closed Sm all M a m m al Pop u l ations in Relation t o an Experim e ntal Pesticide Appl ication. Am.M idl.Nat. 93 : 91 -1 06 Page 256 of 602

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EcoRefe r ence No.: 35390 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : P O P,R E P; R e je ction C ode : LITE EVAL CODED( CBL) 42 6. Po ole, A. a n d B u ckley P. (1 98 9 ) 1Na pht h o l-Si ngle a n d R e peated D o se ( 3 0 Day ) O r al To xicity Studi es in t h e M o us e. F o od C h e m T oxicol. 27 : 2 3 3 23 8. EcoRefe r ence No.: 53242 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL). E ffect C odes : GRO,BCM,CEL; Rej ection Code : 42 7. Post, G. a n d Sc hr oe der, T. R (1 9 7 1 ) The To xicity of Fo ur I n secticides t o Fo ur Salm onid Species. B u ll. Enviro n.C o nta m .T oxicol. 6: 1 4 4 15 5. EcoRefe r ence No.: 964 C h em ical of C once r n: D D T, C B L ,EN,M L N ; Ha bitat : A; Effect C ode s : PH Y,M O R G R O; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V AL CODED(CB L),OK(ALL C H EMS). 42 8. Potter, D A., B uxt on M C R e dm ond C T., Patterso n C G. a n d P o w e ll, A. J. (1 9 9 0 ) Toxicity of Pesticides to Ea rth w o r m s (Olig oc haeta: L u m b ri cidae) a n d E ffe ct on T h atch Deg r a d ation in Ke ntuc ky B l u e gras s T u r f J.Econ .En t omo l 83 : 2 362 -23 6 9 EcoRefe r ence No.: 71484 C h em ical of C once r n: BMY,IZ F,PCZ CTN,TCF,P D M,IFP FRM,E P ,CPY ,D Z,CB L,BDC, 24D X Y ,TPR ,DM B ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : P O P, GR O; R e je ction C ode : LITE E VAL CODE D(CBL D Z) ,O K( AL L CHEM S) 4 2 9 Po zar y ck i, S. V ( 199 9) Sublethal Effects of Est u arine Carb ary l Ap plications o n Ju ve nile English Sole (Pleuronectes vetulus). Ph.D.Thesis, Oregon St ate Univ., C o rvallis, OR 6 0 : 10 5 p. EcoRefe r ence No.: 72739 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : B C M,BEH,PHY; Rej ectio n Cod e : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL). 43 0. Pra dha n, S. C and M i sh ra, P. C ( 1 9 9 8 ) I n hibition a n d R e c ove ry Kinetics of Acetylcholinesterase Activity in Dra w ida cal ebi and Octoc h aetona surensis, the Tropical Ear t hwor m s Ex po sed to Carbar yl I n secticid e. B u ll.Envir o n. C ont am .T oxico l 60 : 904 -90 8 EcoRefe r ence No.: 53290 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : B C M; Rej ection Code : L I TE EVAL CODE D(CBL ) 431. Pree, D. J., Whitty, K. J., Bittner, L. A., an d Pogoda, M. K. (2002). Mechanism s of Resistance to Org a nop ho sp hor u s In secticid es in Po pu lations of the Obl i que ban d e d Le afr o ller Choristoneura rosacea na (Harris) (Le p idopte r a: T o rtrici dae ) from Southe rn Onta rio. Pes t Ma na g. Sci. 59 : 79 -84 EcoRefe r ence No.: 74170 C h em ical of C once r n: M O M Naled,C P Y C B L ,C YP 1; H a bitat : T; Effe ct Codes : MOR,BCM,ACC; Rej ectio n Co d e : O K (M OM ),T A R G ET (C YP ). 432. Pree, D. J. Whitty, K. J., Van Driel, L., and W a lker, G. M. (1998). Resistance to Insecti c ides in Oriental Fruit Moth Popula tions (Grapholita m o lesta) fr om the Niagara Peninsula of Page 257 of 602

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Onta rio. Can.Entomol. 1 3 0 : 2 45256 EcoRefe r ence No.: 63915 C h em ical of C once r n: MO M, PFF, CBF, A Z PSM E PRN MLN, N a led FN T, CPY, ACP, MTM, MDT, CBL, C YP; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : POP,M O R,GRO; Rej ection C ode : LITE E V AL CO D E D ( MLN, MTM, CBL, A CP, A Z) ,N O CONTR O L ( M O M CBF,C YP ),O K ( PF F,P S M ,EPRN, Nale d,F N T,M D T ) 43 3. Presc o tt, L. M K u bo vec, M K., an d Tr ygg estad D. (1 977 ). Th e Ef f ects of Pesticid es, Poly chlo rinate d B i p h e n y l s an d M e tals o n t h e G r o w th an d R e pr od uctio n of Aca n tham oeba castellanii. Bu ll.Enviro n.C o n t am. T oxic ol. 18 : 2934 EcoRefe r ence No.: 7625 Chem ical of C once r n: SZ, A T Z ,CBL,L NR,D LD, A N D H g,P b ,PCB,C u S, Zn; Ha bitat : A; Effect C ode s : POP; Rej ection C ode : LIT E EVAL CODE D(CBL,ATZ ,S Z,CuS ) ,OK(ALL CHEMS). 434. Proctor and Gam b le Co m p any (1998). In itial Subm ission: Interim Results (Including Neur ological Data) fr om Or al (Ga v a g e) De velopm ental Toxicity Study of 1-Naphthol i n Rats, with C ove r Let t er Date d 3/3/1 9 9 8 EPA/OTS Do c.# 889 8000 010 2 3 0 p. (OTS 05 5925 4). EcoRefe r ence No.: 89076 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : C EL,BEH,PHY,GRO,REP,M O R; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V AL CODED(CB L). 43 5. Pu nzo F ( 20 0 3 ) E ffects of C a rba r y l -Treat ed B a it o n M a t e rnal B e havi or an d S p rint Perf o r m a nce in the M e a d o w J u m p ing M ouse Za pus h u d s o n i us. Bull.Envir o n.C ont am .T oxicol. 71 : 3741 EcoRefe r ence No.: 72049 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : B E H; Rejecti o n Code : L I TE EV A L CODE D(CBL ) 43 6. Puy ear R L. a n d Pa ulso n, G D. (1 9 7 2 ) Ef fe ct of C a r b ary l ( 1 N a pht hy l NM e thy l carbam a te) on Pe nto b ar bital-In d u ced Sle e pin g Tim e a nd S o m e Liver M i cros om al Enzy m e s in Whi t e Legh or n Co cker els. Toxic o l. Ap pl.Ph a r m ac ol. 2 2 : 62 1-6 27. EcoRefe r ence No.: 38415 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : GRO,BCM,BEH; Rej ection Code : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL). 437. Rai, H. S., Tiwari, R. C ., a n d Shri vastava R. N. (1995). C o m p arative Effi cacy of Insecticides Agai nst C r e o ntiades s p ., a Pe s t of Ni ger i n M a dhy a Pra d es h. Ge obios 22 : 18 7-1 9 0 EcoRefe r ence No.: 75774 C h em ical of C once r n: C Y P C B L,DM T, ES,DEM,MLN,DDVP,MP ,DCM; Ha bitat : T; E ffect C odes : MOR,POP; Rej ection C ode : LIT E EVAL CODE D(C Y P,CBL,MLN),OK(AL L CHEMS). 43 8. R a jy alakshm i A. a n d R e ddy P. U. (1 9 9 2 ) C a rba r y l I n d u ce d C h an ges i n t h e Li pid M e tabolism of the Sc or pio n He terom e trus fulvipes (Koch) an d the Em bry o s Du rin g t h e Gestation Peri od. J E n viro n. Biol. 1 3 : 13 -1 9. EcoRefe r ence No.: 53393 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : B C M GR O; R e jection C ode : LITE Page 258 of 602

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EVAL CODED( CBL) 43 9. R a jy alakshm i A. a n d R e ddy T. G. (1 9 8 8 ) E ffect of C a r b ar y l and Lin d ane o n the Lipi d C onte n t o f M a t e rnal Tiss ues a n d Em bry o s of th e Vivipa r o u s Sco r pio n He terom e trus f u lv ipes (K oc h). J.Envi ron.Biol. 9 : 97105 EcoRefe r ence No.: 87554 C h em ical of C once r n: HC C H ,C B L ; Ha bitat : T; E ffect C o des : BCM; Rej ection Code : LITE EVAL CODED( CBL) OK( HCCH) 44 0. R a m a swam i, M ( 1 9 9 0 ). A d aptive T r e nds in Li pid Le vels of Live r a n d M u scle of Sar o ther o d o n m o ssam b icus ( P eters) Ex p o se d to Se vin. J. E c obi ol. 2 : 5661 EcoRefe r ence No.: 3807 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : B C M; Rej ection Code : L I TE EVAL CODE D (CBL ). 44 1. R a m a swam y M ( 1 9 8 7 ). E f f ects of Se vin o n B l o o d F r ee Am ino Acid L e vels of t h e Fis h Saro th erod on m o ssa m b icu s En viron Bio l .5(4 ) : 6 3 3 637 /Aq u a t .S ci.Fish.Ab str.1 8 ( 4 ) : 5466 1Q 1 8 ( 1 98 8) EcoRefe r ence No.: 13230 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : B C M; Rej ection Code : L I TE EVAL CODE D(CBL ) 44 2. R a m a swam y M an d M a hes w ari, R U. ( 1 993). Com p arative Lactic Acidosis in Fishes Following Pesticide Stress. Sci.Total Environ. (S up pl. ) : 8 7 7 8 85 EcoRefe r ence No.: 4312 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : B C M; Rej ection Code : L I TE EVAL CODE D(CBL ) 443. Ra m a swa m y, M., Thanga vel, P., and Selvam N. P. (1999). Glutam ic Oxaloacetic Transam i nase (GOT) and Glut a m ic Pyruvic Transam i nase (GPT) Enzym e Activities in Dif f e r e n t Tissues of Saro th erod on m o ssam b i c u s (Peters ) E x pos ed to a Carbam ate Pesticide, Car b ar yl. Pest ic.Sci. 5 5 : 1217 -12 2 1 EcoRefe r ence No.: 87640 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : B C M; Rej ection Code : L I TE EVAL CODE D(CBL ) 44 4. R a ndell, R B u tler, J D., an d H u g h es, T. D. ( 197 2) Th e Eff ect of Pesticid es on Th atch Accum u lation and Eart hw o r m Population s in Ke ntuc ky B l ueg r ass Tu rf Hortscie nce 7: 64 65 EcoRefe r ence No.: 44303 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ,C HD ,DL D P M A ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : POP; Rej ection C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( CBL),O K ( A L L CHEM S ) 44 5. R a o, D. M ., M u rty A. S. a n d Swa r u p P. A (1 9 8 4 ) R e lativ e To xicity of T echnical Gra d e and F o rm ulated C a r b a r y l an d 1 Na p h th ol to, an d C a r b a r y l -I nd uce d B i oc he m i cal C h anges in, the Fis h Cirrhi nus m r igala. Environ.Pollut.Ser.A 34 : 4754. EcoRefe r ence No.: 10502 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR,BCM; Rej ection Cod e : LITE EVAL CODED( CBL) Page 259 of 602

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44 6. R a o, I. G. an d Sing h, D K. (2 00 2 ) T o xic Ef fect o f Si ngle a n d B i nary Trea tm ents of Sy nt hetic and Plant De rived Molluscici d es Against Achatina fulica. J.Ap pl.T oxicol. 22 : 211 -21 5 EcoRefe r ence No.: 77559 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : CYP,MAL,AZD,CBL,CYP,PRT; Hab itat : T; Effect Codes : M O R; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V AL CODED(CYP),OK(ALL C H EMS). 44 7. R a o, K. R S S ( 1 98 7) Varia tions i n th e Nitr og en Pr odu cts of Ch ann a p unctatu s Aug m en ted by I n teractio n of C a r b ary l an d P h e n th oate i n the M e dia. J Envir o n.Biol. 8: 1 7 3 1 77 EcoRefe r ence No.: 12642 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : PHY; Rej ection Code : L I TE EV A L CODE D(CBL ) 44 8. R a o, K. R S S ., R a o, K. S. P. Sa hib, I K. A., an d Rao, K. V. R. (19 85) Co m b in ed Actio n of Car b ar yl and Ph en th o a te on a Fr esh w ater Fish ( C h a n n a punctatu s Blo c h ) Ecotoxic ol.E nv iron .S af. 10 : 20 9-2 1 7 EcoRefe r ence No.: 11217 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR; Rej ection C ode : LITE EVAL CODED( CBL) 44 9. R a o, K. R S S an d R a o, K V. R ( 1 98 9 ) C o m b ined Action o f C a rba r y l and P h ent hoate o n the Sensitivity of the Acetylcho linesterase Syste m of the Fish C h anna punctatus (Bloch). Ecotoxic ol.E nv iron .S af. 17 : 12 -15 EcoRefe r ence No.: 450 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : B C M; Rej ection Code : L I TE EVAL CODE D(CBL ) 45 0. R a o, K. S. P., R a o, K. R S S ., Sa hib I. K. A., an d R a o, K V R ( 1 9 8 5 ) C o m b ined Action o f C a rba r y l an d P h ent hoate o n T i ssue Li pid De rivatives o f M u r r el, C h an na pu nctatus (B lo ch) Ecotoxic ol.E nv iron .S af. 9: 10 71 1 1 EcoRefe r ence No.: 10584 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : PHY,MOR,BC M; Rej ectio n Co d e : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL). 451. Rao, K. V. R., Ghousel azam S., and Surendranat h, P. (1991 ). Inhibition and Recovery of Selected Target Enzym e Acti vities in Tissues of Penaeid Prawn, Metapena eus m o noceros (Fa b ricius ), Expos ed to Different Insecticide s In dia n J Ex p.Bi ol. 2 9 : 48 9491 EcoRefe r ence No.: 3724 Chem ical of C once r n: CBL, DDT ,F NV ,PP HD; Ha bitat : A; E ffect C o des : MO R, PHY; Rej ectio n Code : LI TE EV AL COD E D( CBL) ,O K( DD T, FN V, PPHD ) 452. Rawash, I. A. Gaaboub, I. A. ElG ayar, F. M ., a n d El-S ha zli, A. Y. ( 1 97 5) Sta nda rd C u r v es fo r Nu vac r o n M a lathion, Se v i n, DD T a n d K e lthane Te sted Agai nst the Mosquito Culex pipiens L. and the Microc rust acean Daphnia m a gna Stra us. Toxicology 4: 1 3 3 14 4 (A ut ho r C o m m unicatio n Used ). EcoRefe r ence No.: 5539 C h em ical of C once r n: M L N DDT ,C B L ; H a bitat : A; E f f ect Codes : M O R; Rej ection Code : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL),OK(MLN,DDT). 45 3. R a y S. K. an d Po dda r, M K. (1 9 8 6 ) Penty l enetetrazol: Ef fect o n C a rba r y l -In duce d C h ange s Page 260 of 602

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of Serotonin M e tabolism in P ons -M ed ulla of R a t B r ain. Bi osci.Re p 6: 76 77 7 4 EcoRefe r ence No.: 87560 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : B C M; Rej ection Code : L I TE EVAL CODE D(CBL ) 45 4. R e ddy M S ., Jay a pra d a, P., and R a o K. V. R ( 1 99 0 ) R e c ove ry of C a rba r y l In hibite d A C hE in Pe naeid Pra w n M e tape nae u s m o n o cer os. Bioc hem I n t. 22 : 189 -19 8 EcoRefe r ence No.: 3988 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : PHY; Rej ection Code : L I TE EV A L CODE D(CBL ) 45 5. R e ddy M S a n d R a o K. V. R ( 1 9 9 1 ) M e thy l parat h io n, C a rba r y l an d Ald r in Im pact on Nitrogen Metabolism of Pr a w n, Penae u s in dicus. Bioc he m. Int. 23 : 3 8 9 396 EcoRefe r ence No.: 3993 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L M P,A ND; Ha bitat : A; E ffe ct Codes : BCM,PHY; Rej e ction C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( CBL),O K (M P, AN D) 45 6. R e ddy M S a n d R a o K. V. R ( 1 9 9 1 ) Tiss ue Gly c oly tic Potentials of P e naeid Pra w n, M e tapenae u s m onocer os Du rin g M e thy l pa r a thion C a r b a r y l and Ald r in Ex pos u r e. Bioche m. Int. 23 : 367 -37 5 EcoRefe r ence No.: 3992 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L A N D ,M P; Ha bitat : A; E ffe ct Codes : PHY,BCM; Rej e ction C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( CBL),O K ( A N D ,M P ) 4 5 7 Red d y M. V. an d Redd y, V. R. (19 92) Ef fects o f Org a noch l or in e, Or g a n oph o s pho ru s an d Carbam ate Ins ecticides on the Population Stru ct ure a n d B i om ass of Ea rth w o r m s in a Se m i Ari d T r opical Grassla n d. So il B i o l B io ch em. 24 : 1 733 -17 3 8 EcoRefe r ence No.: 87653 C h em ical of C once r n: ES,M P C B L ; Ha bitat : T; E ffect C o des : POP,MOR; Rej ection Code : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL),OK(ES MP). 45 8. R e ly ea, R A. ( 2 0 0 4 ) G r owt h and S u r v ival of Fi ve Am phibian Species E x pos ed to Com b inations of Pesticides. Environ.Toxic o l.Che m 23 : 17 37174 2. EcoRefe r ence No.: 86767 Chem ical of C once r n: DZ ,C BL,M LN, G YP ; Ha bitat : A; Effect C ode s : M O R,GR O; Rej ectio n Code : LI TE EV AL COD E D( CBL, MLN, D Z ) OK (G YP). 459. Relyea, R. A. (2005). T h e Im pact of Ins ecticides and Herbi c ides on the Bi odi versity and Productivity of Aquatic C o mm unities. Ecol .Appl. 15 : 618 -6 27 EcoRefe r ence No.: 89112 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L M LN, G Y P 2 4 D X Y ; Ha bitat : A; Effect Codes : M O R,POP; Rej ectio n Code : LI TE EV AL COD E D( CBL, MLN) OK (G YP,2 4DX Y ) 460. Relyea, R. A. and Mills, N. (2001). Predator-I nduced Stress Makes the Pest icide Carbaryl M o re Dea d ly to Gray T r eef r o g Ta d poles ( H y l a versicol or ). Pr oc.N atl.Ac ad .Sci. 98 : 2 491 2 496 EcoRefe r ence No.: 70872 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : M O R,GR O,B E H; Rejecti o n Code : Page 261 of 602

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LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL). 461. Rettich, F. (1980). Residual Toxicity of Wall-Sprayed Organophos phates, Carbam ates and Pyrethroids to Mosquito C u lex pipien s m o lestus F o r s kal. J.Hyg.Epidemi o l.Mi crobiol.Immunol. 24 : 11 0-1 1 7 EcoRefe r ence No.: 70015 Chem ical of C once r n: RSM SZ,CP Y ,CBL, P YT, P M R ,DM T ; Ha bitat : T; Effect Codes : M O R ; R e jectio n C ode : NO EN DPOI NT( P MR, D MT) TARG ET( RSM) 462. Reynolds T (1978). Com p arative Effects of Arom atic Com pounds on Inhibition of Lettuce Fruit Germ ination. Ann Bo t. 42: 4 1 9 42 7 ( O EC D G Data File). EcoRefe r ence No.: 42996 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : BZO,MCRE,PL,SC A,CBL; Hab itat : T; Effect Codes : REP; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V AL CODED(BZ O,CBL,SCA),OK( A LL C H EMS) 4 6 3 Riad Y El-Nah as, H. M. ElK ad y, E. M., and El-B ar da n, A. A ( 1 99 2 ) Ar om atic Sulphides Sulp h oxi des, a n d S u lp ho nes a s Lar v icides f o r C u le x pipie n s m o lestus and Aede s cas pius (Di p tera: Culicidae). J.Econ .En t omo l 8 5 : 20 96209 9. EcoRefe r ence No.: 13544 Chem ical of C once r n: DL D, M L N, DDT ,CBL; Ha bitat : A; Ef fect Codes : MOR; Rej ectio n C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( CBL),O K (M L N DDT ,D LD ). 46 4. R i bera, D. Nar b o n n e, J. F., A r na u d C a n d SaintDenis, M ( 2 00 1) B i oc h e m i cal R e spon ses of the Earthworm Eisenia fetida andrei Exposed t o Contam i n ated Aritificial Soil, Effects of Car b ar yl. Soil Biol.Biochem. 3 3 : 11 23113 0. EcoRefe r ence No.: 60409 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : B C M; Rej ection Code : L I TE EVAL CODE D(CBL ) 46 5. R i go n, A. R ., R e is, M ., a n d Taka hashi, R N. (1 9 9 4 ) Ef fe cts of C a r b ary l o n S o m e Do pam i nergic B e havi ors in R a ts. Gen.Phar mac 2 5 : 12 63-1 267 EcoRefe r ence No.: 87667 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : B E H,BCM,PHY; Rej ectio n Cod e : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL). 46 6. R obel, R J ., F e lthou sen R W., an d Day t o n A. D ( 1 98 2 ) Ef fects of C a r b am ates on B o b w hite Fo o d Inta ke, B ody We ight, and Locom o tor Acti vity. Arch. E nvir on C ont am .T oxico l 11 : 611 -61 5 EcoRefe r ence No.: 53641 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ,C B F ; Ha bitat : T; Effect Codes : BEH,GR O; Rej ectio n Cod e : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBF,C BL). 46 7. R obe ns, J. F. ( 1 9 6 9 ) Te ratol ogic Stu d ies of C a rba r y l Diazino n, N o rea D i sulfiram and Thiram in Sm a ll Laboratory Anim als. Toxi col.A ppl.P h a r m ac ol. 15 : 152163 EcoRefe r ence No.: 84742 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L D Z,T H M ; Ha bitat : T; Effec t Codes : M O R REP, GRO; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V AL CODED(CB L,DZ ),OK(T HM). 468. Roberts, B. L. and Do rough, H. W. (1984). Relative Toxicities of C h em ic als to the Page 262 of 602

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Earthworm Eisenia foetida. E n viron.Toxic o l.Chem. 3: 6 7 7 8. EcoRefe r ence No.: 40531 C h em ical of C once r n: DU ,F NV ,ES, F N F, FM L, NCT N ,CBD ,M LN P RN ,Ca p tan,T P M,PPB,DCT P,ACP BMY,MBZ,P AQT ,BNZ ,CH 3 I TF N, NaN 03,AZ ,24D X Y N P,Cd, P b,CuS, DDT ,P AH ,I D M ,DM M CY P, PM R, CBF,A DC,M O M ,CBL,PP X ,C PY, N HN ,CTC; Ha bitat : T; Effect C ode s : MOR; Rej ection C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( ADC,CBL ,NC T N,CBF ,M O M ,PPB,CuS,C YP) O K ( AL L CHEMS). 46 9. R o d g er s, R D an d R obel, R J. ( 1 97 7) E ffe cts of C a r b ary l o n B ody Weig ht an d Fat R e s e rves of Dietetically-Str esse d Bobwhites. B u ll.E n v i ron C o nta m .T oxicol. 17 : 1 84189 EcoRefe r ence No.: 35406 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : B E H,GRO,BCM; Rej ection Code : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL). 470. Rohr, J R. Els kus A. A. S h e phe r d B. S. C r owley, P H., M c Carthy, T. M ., Nie d z w iecki, J H., Sa ger T. Sih, A. a n d Pa lm er, B. D (200 3). Lethal a nd Sublethal E ffe cts of At razine, Car b ar yl, Endosu l f a n and Octylp h e no l o n the Str eam sid e Sala m a n d e r ( A m b ysto m a b a r b our i) E n viron.Toxi col.Che m 22 : 2 385 -23 9 2 EcoRefe r ence No.: 71723 C h em ical of C once r n: AT Z,C B L,ES; Ha bitat : A; E ffect C ode s : BE H,M O R,GR O; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V AL CODED(CB L,AT Z),OK(E S ). 47 1. R o ssini, G D B an d R onc o, A. E. (1 9 9 6 ) Acute To xicity B i oassay Usin g Dap h n ia o b t u sa as a Test O r ganis m Environ.Toxicol.Water Qual. 1 1 : 25 5-2 58. EcoRefe r ence No.: 20191 Chem ical of C once r n: M O L ETH N,CBL, P L,PA QT ,Cd,H g ,M n,Cr,C u; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : PHY; Rej ection Code : LI TE EVAL CODED( CB L,Cu) OK( A LL CHEMS) 47 2. R u p p ert, P. H C o ok L. L. D ean, K. F. a n d R e iter, L. W. ( 1 9 8 3 ) A c ute B e havi oral To xi city o f Carb ar yl and Pr opo xur in Adu lts Rats. P har m a col Bioc hem Be hav 1 8 : 5 79584 EcoRefe r ence No.: 87851 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ,P PX; Ha bitat : T; Effect Codes : BEH,BCM,GRO; Rej ecti o n C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( CBL),O K ( P P X ). 473. Rzehak, K., Maryans k a-Na da chows k a, A ., a n d Jor d an, M ( 1 977 ). T h e E f fect of Ka rbat ox 75, a Car b ar yl In secticid e, upo n th e Devel opm ent o f Ta d poles of R a na tem p o r aria a n d Xe n o pus laevis. F o lia B i ol.( K r akow ) 25 : 391 -39 9 EcoRefe r ence No.: 7662 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : C EL,GR O,M O R,POP; Rej ection C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( CBL). 474. Sadek, M ., Sa maan, H., and El-Garawany, A. (1989). Th e In Vi vo and In Vitro Inhibition of Ser u m Am inotrans fera ses by Antich o lin esterase Insecticides in Rats. E g ypt.J.P h arm.Sc i. 30 : 4 37444 EcoRefe r ence No.: 86941 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L M LN,M P; Ha bitat : T; Effec t Codes : BCM; Rej ection Code : LITE EVAL C ODE D(MLN,CBL),OK(M P). Page 263 of 602

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475. Sakam o to, M., Chang, K. H. and Ha nazato, T. (2005). Differe ntial Se nsitivity of a Preda c ious Cladocera n (L eptodora) and Its Pr ey (the C l adoce r a n B o s m ina) to t h e Insecticide Carbaryl: Results of Acute Toxicity Tests. B u ll.Envir o n.C ont am .T oxicol. 7 5 : 2833 EcoRefe r ence No.: 81396 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR; Rej ection C ode : LITE EVAL CODED( CBL) 47 6. Salam a H. S., Fo da, M S. Z a ki, F N., an d M o awa d S. ( 1 98 4 ) P o te ncy of C o m b inatio ns of Bacillu s th ur ing i en sis and C h e m ical I n secticid es o n Sp odop ter a litto r a lis ( L ep i d op ter a : Noct uidae ) J.Econ .En t omo l 77 : 885 -89 0 EcoRefe r ence No.: 74456 Chem ical of C once r n: M O M CBL,FN V D M T ,PM R ,PF F ,C YP, D FZ; Ha bi tat : T; Effect C odes : MOR; Rej ection Code : OK T A RGET(DMT,CYP ) 47 7. Sam p ath, K. a n d Elan g o P. ( 1 9 9 7 ) Lipi d M e tabolism in C o m m on Fr og ( R ana tigri na) E x p o s ed to Car b ar yl. J.Envir o n.Biol. 1 8 : 23 -2 6. EcoRefe r ence No.: 66373 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : AT; Effect C odes : BCM,MOR; Rej ection Code : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL). 478. Sam p ath, K., E l ango, P., and Tha n alaks h m i S. ( 199 2) Effect o f Carb ar yl ( S ev in) o n th e C a rb ohy drate M e tabolism of the C o m m on F r o g R a na tig rin a E n viro n. Ec ol. 1 0 : 27 8-2 81. EcoRefe r ence No.: 86761 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : AT; Effect C odes : MOR,BCM; Rej ection Cod e : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL). 47 9. Sam p ath, K. Ken n e d y I. J J., a n d Ja m e s, R. (2 002 ). Pesticid e Im pact on E x cret ory Phy s iol ogy of the C o m m on Fr og R a na tigri n a ( D au d) Ta dp oles. Bull.Envir o n.C ont am .T oxicol. 68 : 652 -65 9 EcoRefe r ence No.: 65895 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L M P; Ha bitat : A; E ffect C o des : MOR,PHY; Rej ectio n Cod e : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL),OK(MP). 48 0. Sam s oe-Peters e n, L. (1 9 9 5 ) Effects o f 67 Herbicides and Plant Gr owth Reg u l ator s on the Rove Beetle Aleochara bilineata (Col.: Staphylinidae) in t h e Laborat o ry. En tomo pha ga 40: 95 1 0 4 EcoRefe r ence No.: 63490 C h em ical of C once r n: SZ,A TZ, D U ,H FP,M C PP ,P Y D ,F XP ,BT,M T L,PDM CBL, M TSM AM TL ,CQTC, DPP 1 M CPP 1, Ha bitat : T; Effect Codes : MOR,REP,GRO; Rej ection Co d e : L I TE EV A L CODE D( SZ,M TL,A TZ,C Q T C ),N O M I XT URE(M C PP 1, DPP 1 ) O K ( AL L CHEM S ) 48 1. Sam s oe-Peters e n, L. (1 9 8 7 ) Lab o rato ry M e tho d fo r Testin g Si de-E ffects of Pesticides o n the Rove Beetle Aleochara bilineata Adults. En tomoph aga 32 : 7381 EcoRefe r ence No.: 70278 User Def i n e 2 : REPS,WASHT,CALFT,C O RE,SENT Chem ical of C once r n: SZ,CB L ,ACP ,AM Z ,D M, FN T, THM, MZB, BM C,CQTC; Habitat : T; Effect C ode s : MOR,REP; Rej ectio n Cod e : LITE EVAL C ODE D(SZ ). Page 264 of 602

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48 2. Sam s oe-Peters e n, L. (1 9 8 7 ) Lab o rato ry M e tho d fo r Testin g Si de-E ffects of Pesticides o n the Rove Beetle Aleochara bilineata Adults. En tomoph aga 32 : 7381 EcoRefe r ence No.: 70278 Chem ical of C once r n: SZ,CB L ,ACP ,AM Z A Z, DM ,F NT, T HM ,M ZB,B M C ,CQTC; H a bitat : T; Effect Codes : MOR,REP; Rej ectio n Cod e : L I TE EV AL C ODE D ( S Z ,CQTC ) O K ( ALL CHEMS). 48 3. Sam s on, P R Par k er, R J ., a n d Jo nes A. L. ( 1 9 8 9 ). La bo r a tory St udies o n P r otecta n ts f o r Control of Sitophilus oryzae (C oleoptera: C u rc ulionidae ) a n d R h yzopert h a dom inica (Coleoptera: Bostrichi d ae) in Pa ddy Rice. J.Stored Pr od.Res. 25: 3 9 4 8. EcoRefe r ence No.: 70629 C h em ical of C once r n: R S M C Y P,C B L _; Ha bitat : T; E ffect C odes : POP; Rej ection Code : TARGET(C Y P,RSM). 484. Sanders H. O. (1969). Toxicity of Pesticides to the C r ustacean Gam m a rus l acustris. Tech .Pap .N o 25 U.S D.I Bur.Sp orts Fish .Wildl., Fish Wi ldl.Serv., W a shington, D.C. 18 p ( A u t ho r Co mmu n i cation Used) ( Used with Ref e r e n ce 7 32) (Pub l in Par t As 67 97) EcoRefe r ence No.: 885 C h em ical of C once r n: SZ,E DT, 2 4D X Y A Z,CBL,C M P H,CP Y, DB N, DM B,DM T DS, D U, DZ, H CCH,M LN ,M LT,Nal ed,P A Q T,PR T, TFN,R T N Na N3,AT N O XD ; Ha bitat : A; Effect C ode s : MOR; Rej ection C ode : L I TE EV A L CODE D(CBL A Z, DZ,M L T ,S Z,DM T RTN NaN 3 D M B ,P RT,AT N ) O K ( A LL C H EM S ) 48 5. San d ers H. O. (1 9 7 2 ) To xicity of Som e Inse cticides to Four Species of Malacostraca n Crustacea ns. Tech .Pap .No.66, Bu r.S p o r ts Fish .Wild l., Fish Wildl.Serv., U.S.D.I., Washington, D.C. 1 9 p. (Pub l in Par t As 6797 ). EcoRefe r ence No.: 887 C h em ical of C once r n: AZ,M L N ,CBL ,CM P H,CP Y, DS, H CCH ,M L N N aled, P RT, PSM ,A TN ,DZ OX D; Ha bitat : A; Effect C ode s : MOR; Rej ection C ode : LIT E EVAL CODE D( CBL,D Z, PRT, A T N) OK( ALL CHEMS). 486. Sanders, H. O. and Cope O. B. (1968). The Relative Toxicities of Several Pesticides to Naiads of T h re e Species of St one flies. Limno l .Ocean og r. 13 : 112 -11 7 (Au t ho r Co mm u n i catio n Used) ( P u b l in Par t As 6 797) EcoRefe r ence No.: 889 C h em ical of C once r n: 24D X Y AZ ,C BL,CPY ,DB N D M T D S, D U D Z, HCCH,M L N ,M LT ,Nale d P Y N ,TF N ,RT N A s, NaN 3 A T N O XD; Ha bitat : A; E ffect C o des : M O R ; R e jection C ode : LITE EVAL CODE D(CBL D Z,M L T DM T,RTN Na N 3 A TN ), O K ( A L L CHEM S ) 48 7. Santha ram K. R ., T h ay um anavan B a n d K r ishnas w am y S. ( 1 97 6) T o xicity of S o m e Insecticides to Daphnia cari n ata King, an Important Li nk in the Food Chai n in the Fres hwater Ecosystem s I ndi an J.Ec ol. 3: 70-73 (OEC DG Data File). EcoRefe r ence No.: 5194 C h em ical of C once r n: D D T, C B L ,ES,M L N, PM R ; Ha bitat : A; Effect Codes : M O R; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V AL CODED(CB L),OK(ALL C H EMS). 488. Sappington, L. C., M a yer F L., Dwye r F. J ., B u ckler D. R., J ones J R. and Ellersieck, M Page 265 of 602

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R. (2 001 ). Conta m in an t Sen s i tivity of T h reat ened and Enda nge re d Fis h es Com p ared to Standa rd Surrogate Species. Environ.Toxic o l.Che m 20 : 28 69287 6. EcoRefe r ence No.: 65396 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : Cu S,PMR,CBL,PCP,NYP; Hab itat : A; Effect Codes : M O R; Rej ectio n Code : LI TE EVAL CODED( CB L,Cu S,PCP) ,OK( PMR,NYP) 489. Sastry, K. V. a n d Siddiqui, A. A. ( 1 982) C h ronic Toxic E f fects of the Ca rbam ate Pesticide Sevin o n C a rb ohy drate M e ta bolism in a Fre s hwate r S n a k e h ead Fis h C h a nna p u n ctatus. Toxicol.Lett. 14 : 123 -13 0 EcoRefe r ence No.: 10047 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR,BCM; Rej ection Cod e : LITE EVAL CODED( CBL) 490. Sastry, K. V. a n d Siddiqui, A. A. ( 1 985) E f fect of the Ca rba m ate Pesticide Sevi n on the Intestinal Absorption of Som e Nutrients i n the Teleost Fish, Channa punctatus. Water Air Soil Pollut. 24 : 2 47252 EcoRefe r ence No.: 11556 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : PHY; Rej ection Code : L I TE EV A L CODE D (CBL ). 49 1. Sastry K. V. Siddi qui, A A. an d Sam u el, M. (1988). Ac ute and C h ronic Toxic E ffects of the Carbam ate Pesticide Sevi n on Som e Haem atolog ical, Bioc he m i cal and E n zym a tic Param e ters in the Fresh Water Teleost Fish C h anna punctatus. Act a H y dr ochi m. Hydr obi ol. 16: 6 2 5 63 1. EcoRefe r ence No.: 466 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : B C M PH Y; R e jection C ode : LITE EVAL CODED( CBL) 49 2. Saxe na, P. K. a n d Ga r g M ( 1 97 8 ) E ffect o f Insecticidal Po llution on O v a r ian R ecr ude sce n ce in the Fresh Water Teleost C h anna punctatus (Bl.). I n d i an J.Exp.Bio l 16 : 68 9-6 9 1 EcoRefe r ence No.: 639 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ,F NT; Ha bitat : A; E ffect C o des : PHY,R E P; Rej ection C o de : LITE EV AL C ODE D ( CBL), OK (F NT) 493. Saxe na, P. K. Singh, V P ., K o ndal, J. K. and Son i G. L. (1 989 ). Ef f ect of So m e Pestici d es on I n V itr o Li pid a n d P r otein Sy nthe sis by t h e Li ver of the Fres hwater Te leost, Cha n na punctatus (Bl.). E n viro n. Poll ut. 5 8 : 27 3-2 80. EcoRefe r ence No.: 88911 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L M LN; Habitat : A; Effect Codes : BCM; Rej ection Code : LITE EVAL CODED( CBL,MLN) 49 4. Scaps P. Dem u y n c k S., De s c am ps, M an d D h aina ut, A. ( 1 9 9 7 ) E ffects of Orga nophos phate and Carba m ate Pesticides on Acetylcholines terase and Choline Acetyltransferase Activities of the Po lychaete Nereis diversicolor. Arch. E nvir on C ont am .T oxico l 33 : 203 -20 8 EcoRefe r ence No.: 18418 C h em ical of C once r n: M L N PR N,P H S L ,C B L ; Ha bitat : A; E ffect C o des : MOR,BC M; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V AL CODED(CB L),OK(ALL C H EMS). 49 5. Sch n elle, M A an d He nsley D. L. (1 9 9 0 ) E ffects of Pestic ides up o n Nitroge n Fixatio n and Page 266 of 602

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No d u lation by Dry B e a n Pestic.Sci. 28 : 83 -8 8. EcoRefe r ence No.: 53973 C h em ical of C once r n: PNB,CBL,DZ,ES,CTN,CAPTA N BM Y, FN V,S X D, DCF, M L N,BT, T F N A CR,M A NEB EPT C; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : BCM,GR O ; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V AL CODE D( DZ ), OK (A LL C H E M S). 4 9 6 Schu yte m a, G. S., Neb e k e r, A. V., an d Gr iff i s, W. L. ( 1994 ). Ef f ects o f Dietar y Expo su r e to Forest Pesticides on t h e Brown Ga rden Snail Helix a s pe rsa M u ller. Arch. E nvir on C ont am .T oxico l 26 : 2328 EcoRefe r ence No.: 54011 Chem ical of C once r n: AT Z,C B L,ACP G Y P, HXZ ,PCL ,FN T ,M P,P A QT,T CF; Ha bitat : T; Effect C ode s : GRO,BE H, AC C; Rejection Code : LI TE E V AL C ODE D ( CBL,AZ ACP ) N O END P O I NT( A TZ), O K( GY P, HXZ ,PCL ,FN T ,M P,P A QT,T CF). 49 7. Scott, J G. a n d Ge or g h io u, G. P. ( 198 6) Malath io nSp ecif i c Resistance in Anopheles stephe nsi F r om Pakista n J.A m .M os q.C o ntr o l Ass o c. 2 : 2932 EcoRefe r ence No.: 11799 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : BDC,CBL,MLN,FNT,PMR; Hab i t a t : A; E ffect Codes : MOR,PHY; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V AL CODED(CB L),OK(ALL C H EMS). 49 8. Seiler, J. P. ( 1 9 7 7 ) Nitr osatio n In Vitr o a n d In Vi vo by So d i um Nitrite, and M u ta ge nicity o f Nitrogenous Pesticides. Mu ta t R e s 48 : 2 25236 EcoRefe r ence No.: 88676 C h em ical of C once r n: Du,BM Y A NT V, ACP, ADC CBL,CBF,DM T ,M ane b ,ET U F M U ,M OM ,P PX; Ha bitat : T; Effect C ode s : C EL,P HY; R e jection C ode : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL,E TU,Ma n eb),NO END P O I NT( M OM ), OK ( A LL CHEM S), N O COC(M T AS) 49 9. Selvak um ar, S. Ge raldi n e, P., Sha n ju, S ., a n d Jaya kum ar, T. ( 2 005). Stre ssor S p ecific I ndu ctio n of Heat Sho c k Pr o t ein 70 in the Freshwater Pra w n Macrobrac h i u m m a lcolm s onii (H. M ilne E d w a rds ) E x po se d to the Pesticides Endo sul f an a n d Carbaryl. Pestic.Biochem.Physiol. 82 : 1 25132 EcoRefe r ence No.: 80963 C h em ical of C once r n: ES,C B L ; Ha bitat : A; Ef fect Codes : BCM,MOR; Rej ectio n Code : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL),OK(ES ) 500. Semlitsch, R. D., Bridges, C. M., and Welch, A. M. (2000) Genetic Vari ation and a Fit n ess Trade o ff i n th e Tolera nce o f Gray T r eef r o g (H y l a versic olor ) Ta d poles t o the Insecticide Carba r yl Oec o logia 1 25: 1 7 9 1 85 EcoRefe r ence No.: 62322 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR,GR O; R e j ection Code : LITE EVAL CODED( CBL) 5 0 1 Seug e, J. and Blu zat, R. ( 1983 ). Chro n i c To x i city o f Thr e e In secticid es (Car b a r y l, Fen t h i on and Linda n e) i n the Freshwat er Snail Lym n aea stagnalis. Hydr o b iol ogi a 10 6: 65 7 2 EcoRefe r ence No.: 11221 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : CBL,HCCH,FNTH; Hab itat : A; Effect C ode s : GRO,RE P,P O P; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V A L CO DED ( CB L), O K ( HCC H F NT H) Page 267 of 602

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502. Shac kloc k, P. F. a n d Croft, G. B. (1981). Effect of Grazers on Chondrus c r ispus i n Culture. Aq uac ulture 22 : 331 -34 2 EcoRefe r ence No.: 69472 C h em ical of C once r n: DM T M L N,C B L ,R T N D Z; Ha bitat : A; Effect Codes : M O R,GR O,B E H; Rejecti o n Code : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( CBL,DZ,M L N ) ,O K ( DM T RT N). 50 3. Shaikila, I. B ., Tha nga vel, P., and R a m a swam y M (1 9 9 3 ) A d aptive Tre n ds i n Tiss ue A c id and Al kaline Phos phatases of Sar o ther o d o n m o ssam b icus ( P eters) U n der Sevin T oxicity I n d i an J.En viro n.Hea lth 35 : 3 6 -3 9. EcoRefe r ence No.: 17796 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : B C M; Rej ection Code : L I TE EVAL CODE D(CBL ) 5 0 4 Sh an m u g a m M., Venk ateshwar lu M., an d Nav e ed A. ( 200 0) Eff ect of Pesticid es on th e Fres hwate r Cra b Barytelphusa cunicularis (West Wood). J.Ecot oxicol.E nviro n .M o n it. 10: 2 73279 EcoRefe r ence No.: 88807 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ,E S; Ha bitat : A; Ef fect Codes : MOR; Rej ectio n Cod e : LI TE EVAL CODED( CBL) OK( ES) 505. Sharm a B. (1999) Effect of Carbaryl on Some Bioc hem i c a l Constituents of the Blood and Liver o f C l aria s batrac h u s, a Fresh-Water Teleost. J Toxicol.Sci. 24 : 1 57-1 6 4 EcoRefe r ence No.: 87647 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : B C M; Rej ection Code : L I TE EVAL CODE D(CBL ) 50 6. Sha r m a B an d Go pal, K. ( 1 99 5 ) C h an ges in Lactic Aci d C onte n t an d A c tivity of Lacta t e Dehy drogenas e in Clarias bat r achus, E x pose d to Carbaryl. Toxicol.Envir o n.C h em. 4 7 : 8995 EcoRefe r ence No.: 16170 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : B C M; Rej ection Code : L I TE EVAL CODE D(CBL ) 50 7. Sha r m a B ., G opal, K ., a n d K h an na, Y P. ( 1 9 93) I n ter actio n of Car b ar yl with Acetylcholines terase of t h e Teleost, Clarias batrachus. Tox i col.Envir o n.C h em. 3 9 : 14 7-15 2. EcoRefe r ence No.: 17100 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : PHY; Rej ection Code : L I TE EV A L CODE D(CBL ) 508. Sha r m a B., Ram M D., Lata S. a n d G o pal, K. (19 93) Car b ar yl In duced Alterations in the Level of B i oge nic Am ines in Vari ous Pa rts of the B r ain of C l arias batrac h u s. Toxicol.Envir o n.C h em. 3 8 : 9599 EcoRefe r ence No.: 9838 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : B C M; Rej ection Code : L I TE EVAL CODE D(CBL ) 50 9. Sha r m a L. L. and Sa xena P N. (1 9 9 7 ) C a r b ary l I n duce d Haem atological C h an ges i n Colum b a livia Gm el in. J.Env i ron.Biol. 18 : 17 -22 EcoRefe r ence No.: 54092 Page 268 of 602

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C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : B C M C EL; R e je ction C ode : LITE EVAL CODED( CBL) 51 0. Shea, T. B a n d B e r r y E S ( 1 9 8 3 ) T o x i city o f Carb ar yl an d 1Naph tho l to Go ldf i sh (Carassi us auratus) and Killif ish (Fundulus heteroclitus). B u ll.Envir o n C o nta m .T oxicol. 31: 5 26529 EcoRefe r ence No.: 10111 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR; Rej ection C ode : LITE EVAL CODED( CBL) 51 1. Shri vastava S an d Si ng h, S. (2 0 0 4 ) C h a n g e s in Pr otein C onte n t in t h e M u scle of Hetero pn eu stes fo ssilis Exposed t o Carb ar yl J. Ecot oxicol. E nviro n M o n it. 14 : 119 -12 2 EcoRefe r ence No.: 87625 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : B C M; Rej ection Code : L I TE EVAL CODE D(CBL ) 51 2. Shri vastava S an d Si ng h, S. (2 0 0 3 ) To xic Effect of C a r b ary l o n Gluc os e Level i n the Muscles of Het e ropneustes fossilis. Na t.En viro n.Po llut.Technol. 2: 35 3 7 EcoRefe r ence No.: 82708 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : B C M; Rej ection Code : L I TE EVAL CODE D(CBL ) 51 3. Sh ukla, G S a n d M i shr a P. K. (1 9 8 0 ) B i oassay Stud ies on Ef f ects of Ca rbam ate Insecticides on D r a g o n fly Ny m phs. In di an J.E n viro n. H e alth 2 2 : 32 8-33 5 EcoRefe r ence No.: 17128 C h em ical of C once r n: C B F ,C B L ; Ha bitat : A; E ffect C o des : MOR,BEH,PHY; Rej ection C ode : LI TE EVAL CODED(CBL,CBF) 5 1 4 Shu k l a, G. S. an d Om k a r ( 1984 ). In sectic id e Tox i city to Macr ob r a ch iu m lamar r e i (H. Miln e Edwards) (Dec apoda, Palaem oni dae). Cru s ta ceana 46: 2 8 3 2 87 EcoRefe r ence No.: 11010 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ,E S; Ha bitat : A; Ef fect Codes : MOR,PHY; Rej ectio n Code : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL),OK(ES ) 51 5. Sh ukla, G S ., Om kar, a n d U p ad hy ay V. B ( 1 9 8 2 ). Ac ute To xicity of F e w Pesticides to an Aquatic Insect, Ranatra el ongata (Fa b r.). J.Adv.Zool. 3: 1 4 8 15 0. EcoRefe r ence No.: 4596 C h em ical of C once r n: PP H D A N D ,C B L ; H a bitat : A; E f f ect Codes : M O R,BEH; Rej e ctio n C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( CBL),O K ( P P H D, AN D) 51 6. Sh ukla, Y ., A n tony M ., a n d M e hr otra, N K. (1 9 9 2 ) C a r c ino g enic an d C o carcin o g eni c Studies with C a rba r y l Follo w i ng To pical E x pos u r e in M i ce. C ancer Lett. 62: 1 3 3 14 0. EcoRefe r ence No.: 87856 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : P H Y GR O; R e jection C ode : LITE EVAL CODED( CBL) 51 7. Sim on, K. A ( 1 9 8 2 ) A c ute T oxicity o f C a r b ary l Al pha Na pht hol a n d Se v i n4Oil Tan k M i x to Cam b arus bartoni an d Orconectes virilis. In: Envir o n.M onit.Re p. from the 1982 M a ine Co op era tive Sp ruce Bu d w o r m S upp ression Pr oject, M a ine Fore st Service De p. of Page 269 of 602

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C onser vatio n, Au gust a ME 61 -91 EcoRefe r ence No.: 19508 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR; Rej ection C ode : LITE EVAL CODED( CBL) 5 1 8 Sin g h D. K. an d Ag ar wal, R. A. (1 983 ). I n Vivo an d In Vitr o Stud ies on Syn e rg ism wit h Anticholineste rase Pe sticides in the Snail Ly m n aea acum i nata. Arch. E nvir on C ont am .T oxico l 12 : 483 -48 7 EcoRefe r ence No.: 10898 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ,P R T ; Ha bitat : A; E ffect C o des : MOR,BC M; Rej ectio n Co d e : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL,P RT). 51 9. Sing h, D K. a n d A g a r wal, R A. ( 1 9 8 6 ) Sy ner g istic Ef fect o f S u lf oxi de with C a r b a r y l on the In Vi vo Acetylcholine s terase Activity and C a rbohydrate M e tabolism of the Snail Lym n aea acum i nata. Acta Hy dr oc him. Hydr o b iol. 14 : 4 21427 EcoRefe r ence No.: 12090 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : B C M PH Y; R e jection C ode : LITE EVAL CODED( CBL) 520. Singh, D. K. and Agarwal, R. A. (1986). Toxicity of Pesticid es to Fecundi t y, Hatchability and Survi v al of Young Snails of L y m n aea acum i nata. Acta Hy dro c hi m.H y dr o b iol. 14 : 191 -19 4 EcoRefe r ence No.: 12375 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ,P R T ; Ha bitat : A; E ffect C o des : REP,M O R ; Rej ectio n Cod e : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL,P RT). 52 1. Sing h, D K. a n d A g a r wal, R A. ( 1 9 8 9 ) T o xicity of Pipe r ony l B u to xide C a r b ary l Synergism on t h e Snail Lm ynaea acum i nata. I n t.Rev. Ges a mten Hy dr obi ol. 74 : 689 -69 9 EcoRefe r ence No.: 5095 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ,P PB ; Ha bitat : A; E ffect C o des : PHY,BCM ,CEL; Rej ection C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( CBL,PPB) 52 2. Sing h, O a n d Aga r w a l, R A. ( 1 9 8 4 ). C a r b a m ate and Or ga no p hos p h o r u s Pesticides A g a i nst Snails. Pesticides 18 : 30 -33 EcoRefe r ence No.: 65606 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ADC T C F ,PR T ; Ha bitat : A; Ef fect Codes : MOR; Rej ectio n C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( ADC,CBL ,PR T ), OK (A LL C H EM S) 52 3. Sing h, O a n d Aga r w a l, R A. ( 1 9 8 1 ). T oxici ty of C e rtain P e sticides to T w o Ec o nom ic Species of Sna ils in Nort hern India. J.Ec on E nto m ol. 74: 5 6 8 57 1 EcoRefe r ence No.: 917 Chem ical of C once r n: CBL,P RT,A DC,TCF; Ha bitat : A; Effect C ode s : MOR; Rej ection C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( CBL,ADC ,PR T ), OK (TCF ). 52 4. Sing h, S. K ., T r ipathi, P. K ., Yada v, R P., S i ng h, D. a n d S i ng h, A. ( 2 00 4 ) T o xicity of Malathion and Carbaryl Pesticides: Effects on Som e Bioche m i cal Profiles of the Fres hwa t er Fish C o lisa fasciatus. B u ll.E n viron C o nta m T oxicol. 72 : 5 9 2 59 9. EcoRefe r ence No.: 74220 C h em ical of C once r n: M L N C B L ; Ha bitat : A; Effect Codes : M O R,BC M; Rej ectio n Co d e : Page 270 of 602

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LITE EVAL C ODE D(MLN,CBL). 52 5. Sinha N., Lal, B ., a n d Sin g h T. P ( 1 99 1 ) C a rba r y l -I nd uce d T h y r oid Dy s f u n ctio n in the Fres hwate r Catfish Clarias bat r achus. Ec otox icol.Envir o n S af.2 1( 3) :2 40 -2 47 / I n : Res p o n s es of M a r.Organi s ms t o P o llutants, P a rt 2, Ba nar as Hi nd u U n iversity, V a ra nas In dia 226 -2 27 (AB S ). EcoRefe r ence No.: 3108 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : B C M PH Y; R e jection C ode : LITE EVAL CODED( CBL) 526. Sinha N., Lal, B., a n d Singh, T. P ( 1 991). Pesticid es In du ced C h ang e s in Cir c u l atin g Thyr o i d Horm ones in the Fres hwate r Ca tfish Clarias batrachus. Co mp .Bio ch em.Ph y sio l .100 C(1 / 2 ) : 1 07110 (Pub l in Pa rt As 37 21 3108 ) I n : Resp on ses of Mar. Or ga nis m s to P o lluta nts, Part 2, B a n a r a s Hin d u U n iv ersity, Var a na s i I ndi a 22 62 2 7 (AB S ). EcoRefe r ence No.: 3971 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L M LN,ES; Hab itat : A; Ef fect Codes : M O R,BCM; Rej ectio n C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( CBL),O K (M L N ,ES ) 52 7. Sinha P K., P a l, S., K u m a r, K., Tria r, S. B an d Sin g h R ( 1 9 8 6 ). T h io dicarb a n E ffecti v e Molluscicide for Grazer Snails of Blue Gree n Algae. J.Ent o mol.Res 1 0 : 1 16118 EcoRefe r ence No.: 9 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : ES,PR T ,TDC ,CBL,DZ,CPY,CBF; Hab itat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V AL CODED(CB L,DZ ,CBF,PR T ), OK (A LL C H EM S) 528. Sinha P. K., Pal, S., and Tria r, S. B. (1 986). An E ffective Molluscic ide for Grazer Snails of Blue Green Al gae. Pesticides 2 0 : 44 -4 5. EcoRefe r ence No.: 74591 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : CBF,C PY,DZ,CBL,ES,TDC PRT; Hab itat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V A L CO DED ( CB L,DZ ,CBF,PR T ), OK (CP Y ,E S), O K TARGET(T D C). 529. Sinha P. K., Pal, S., and Tria r, S. B. (1 986). An E ffective Molluscic ide for Grazer Snails of B l ue G r een Al ge Pesticides 20 : 4445 EcoRefe r ence No.: 74591 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : CBF,C PY,DZ,CBL,ES,TDC PRT En dp oint: M O R ; Ha bitat : A; Rej ection Code : L I TE EVAL C ODE D(CBF). 530. Sinha P. K., Pal, S., and Tria r, S. B. (1 986). An E ffective Molluscic ide for Grazer Snails of B l ue G r een Al ge Pesticides 20 : 4445 EcoRefe r ence No.: 74591 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : CBF,C PY,DZ,CBL,ES,TDC PRT; Hab itat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V AL CODED(DZ CBF,PRT) OK(ALL CHEM S) 531. Sm ith, J. W. a n d Grigoropoulos, S. G. (1 968). T oxic Effec t s of Odorous Trace Orga nics. Am.W ater W o r k s Ass o c.J. 60 : 9 69979 EcoRefe r ence No.: 8101 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L M LN; Habitat : A; Effect Codes : M O R; Rej ectio n Cod e : LITE EVA L CO DE D(CBL ),O K ( M L N). Page 271 of 602

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532. Sm ulders, C. J. G. M., Van Kleef, R. G. D. M., De Groot, A., Gotti, C. and Vi j v erberg, H. P. M. (2004). A Noncom petitiv e, Sequential Mechanism for I nhi bition of Ra t alpha4beta2 Neuronal Nicotinic Acetylcholine Recep tors by Carbam ate Pesticides. Toxicol.Sci. 82 : 21 9 22 7. EcoRefe r ence No.: 86935 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : P H Y C EL; R e je ction C ode : LITE EVAL CODED( CBL) 53 3. Solom on, H M an d Weis, J S. ( 1 9 7 9 ) Ab no rm al C i rculatory Devel opm ent in M e da ka Caused by t h e Insecticides Ca rb aryl, Malathion and Parat h ion. Terat o logy 19 : 5162 EcoRefe r ence No.: 14285 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L M LN,PR N ; H a bitat : A; E f f ect Codes : GR O,P H Y,CEL; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V AL CODED(CB L),OK(PR N,M L N). 53 4. Solom on, K E an d R o bel, R J. (1 9 8 0 ) Ef fe cts of C a r b ary l an d C a r b of ura n on B o b w hite Energetics. J.Wildl.Manag. 44: 6 8 2 68 6. EcoRefe r ence No.: 54372 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ,C B F ; Ha bitat : T; Effect Codes : GR O,BC M BEH; Rejec tion C ode : LI TE EVAL CODED(CBF,CBL) 535. Som e rs, J. D. Kha n A A., K u m a r, Y. a n d Barrett, M W. (1991). Ef fects of Sim u lated Field Sp rayin g of Car b o f ur an, Carbar yl and Dim e thoate on Pheas ant and Partri dge C h icks. Bull.Envir o n.C ont am .T oxicol. 46 : 113 -11 9 EcoRefe r ence No.: 74587 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : CBF,DMT,CBL; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : MOR,GRO,BCM; Rej ectio n Code : LI TE EVAL CODED( CB L,CBF,DMT) 53 6. So od N. K. Kaus hi k, U. K. an d R a th ore, V. S. (1 9 7 2 ) P h y t oto x icity of M o d e r n Insecticides to Cucurbits. India n J.Ho rtic. 29 : 111 -11 3 EcoRefe r ence No.: 41604 Chem ical of C once r n: ES,M LN, D D V P CBL,DM T ,PRN ,E N,P P H D ; Ha bitat : T; Effect C odes : PHY; Rej ection Code : LI TE EV AL COD E D( CBL, D M T, MLN,ES, DDV P,PRN EN ). 53 7. Sor e nse n K A an d H o lloway C W. ( 1 9 9 9 ) Picklew o rm Cont rol w ith Insecticides, 1998. Arthr o p o d M a na ge. T ests 2 4 : 1 35136 (E44 ). EcoRefe r ence No.: 88283 Chem ical of C once r n: CBL, M OM ,EF V ,T UZ, I M C ,EM M B ; Ha bitat : T; Effect Codes : PHY,MOR; R e j ection Cod e : LITE E VAL CODE D(M O M CBL), OK ( A LL C H EM S ) 53 8. Speese I II, J. ( 1 9 9 6 ) F o liar S p ray s t o C ontr o l Wo rm s on E a rly an d Late S w eet C o rn 19 9 5 Arthr o p o d M a na g. Tests 2 1 : 1 12113 EcoRefe r ence No.: 54410 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : MOM,EFV,PMR,TDC,CBL; Hab itat : T; Effect Codes : POP; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V AL CODED(E F V,MOM ) ,OK(ALL C H EMS ) 53 9. Stadny k, L., C a m pbell, R S., an d J o hns o n B T. ( 1 9 7 1 ). P e sticide Ef fect on G r o w th a n d C 1 4 Assim i lation in a Freshwater Alga. B u ll.E n viron C o nta m T oxicol. 6 : 18. EcoRefe r ence No.: 2251 Page 272 of 602

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C h em ical of C once r n: 2 4 D X Y ,C B L D U D Z ; Ha bitat : A; Ef fect Codes : P HY; Re jection C ode : N O E N DP OI NT( D Z ) L ITE EV AL C ODE D ( CBL). 54 0. Stenerse n, J. ( 1 97 9 ) Actio n of Pesticid es on Earth w o r m s Part I: The T oxi city of C holineste rase -I nhi biting Insecticides to Earthworm s as Ev aluated by La bo rato ry Tests. Pestic.Sci. 10 : 6 6 -7 4. EcoRefe r ence No.: 38925 Chem ical of C once r n: A D C, OM L,CBF,CB L ,PRN ,KM D C ; Ha bitat : T; Effect C ode s : MOR,BEH,PHY; Rej ection C o d e : LITE E V AL C ODE D( CBL) OK( A LL CHEMS). 5 4 1 Step h e n s on G. R., Ph atak S. C., Makow sk i, R. I an d Bouw, W. J. (1 980) Ph yto t o x i c Interacti ons I n vol vin g the He rbicide Metribuzin and Other Pesticides in Tom a toes. Ca n.J.Plan t S c i. 60 : 167 -17 5 EcoRefe r ence No.: 26089 Chem ical of C once r n: M B Z, CBL,DZ, ES,M LN,CBF ,DEM ,M VP,CT N ,M ZB,M AN EB,T FN; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : GRO; Rej ection Code : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( DZ) O K ( A L L CHEMS). 542. Stewart, N. E., Mille mann, R E., and Breese, W P. (1967). Acute Toxicity of the Insecticide Sevin an d Its Hy dr oly tic Pr o duct 1 Na p h th ol to Som e M a rine Or ga nism s. Tran s.Am.Fish.So c. 96 : 2530. EcoRefe r ence No.: 4825 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR; Rej ection C ode : LITE EVAL CODED( CBL) 54 3. Street, J. C a n d S h a r m a R P. ( 1 97 5) Alter a tion of I n d u ce d C e llular an d Hum o ral R e s p ons es by Pesticides and Chem icals of Enviro nm ental Concern: Quantitative St udies on Im m unosu p p r e ssion by D D T, Ar oclo r 12 5 4 C a rba r y l C a r b of ura n an d M e thy l parathi o n Toxicol.Appl.P har macol 3 2 : 5 87602 EcoRefe r ence No.: 38979 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : CBF,DDT,PCB ,CBL,MP; Hab itat : T; Effect Codes : BCM ,CEL,GR O,P H Y; Reject ion C o de : LI TE EVAL CODED( CBF,CBL),OK(ALL CHEMS). 54 4. Su kum ar, R V an d R a o, M B ( 1 98 5 ) T o xicity of gam m a -HC H M e t h y l Parathi o n an d Carbaryl to Two Varieties of a Tropical Fr es h w ater Gastr o po d, B e llam y a bengale nsis (Lam arck) (Ga s tropoda: Vivi pari dae). I n : R.C.Da lela an d U.H.Ma n e (Eds.) Pro c .5 th Natl.Sy mp.Ass ess.E n viron.P o llut., De c.2022 19 84 Au rang aba d, I n d i a 10 1-1 0 6 EcoRefe r ence No.: 4953 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L M P; Ha bitat : A; E ffect C o des : BEH,MOR ; Rej ectio n Cod e : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL),OK(MP). 54 5. Su nda ram R and Velay u t h a m B (19 8 8 ) R e lative Effica cy of Som e Ins ecticides and Neem Cake in the C o ntrol of R o tylenchulus renifo r m is and Helico t y l enchus di hy stera A ffectin g Garde n Bean. Indian J.Nematol. 18 : 3 29331 EcoRefe r ence No.: 74715 C h em ical of C once r n: A D C PPH D,CBL,PRT,AZD,DMT; Hab itat : T; Effect C ode s : POP; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V A L CO DED ( AD C,AZ D, DM T). 54 6. Suseela, K P ., R a m a devi, R and C h a n dra k a n th a, J. (1 994 ). Tox i c E ffects of Pesticides on Page 273 of 602

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Survi v al and Proxim ate Co mpos ition of Tubife x tubifex. J.Ecot oxicol.E nviro n .M o n it. 4 : 21 26 EcoRefe r ence No.: 17386 C h em ical of C once r n: D D T, P P H D ,M P,C B L ; Ha bitat : A; Effect C ode s : BCM,MOR; Rej ectio n Code : LI TE EV AL COD E D( CBL) ,O K( DD T, PPHD M P) 54 7. Su wanc haichi n d a, C a n d B r at tsten, L. B (2 0 0 1 ) Ef fects of Ex pos u r e to Pe sticides o n Carbaryl Toxicity and Cytochro m e P450 Act i vities in Aedes albopictus Larv ae (Diptera: Culicidae). Pestic.Biochem.Physiol. 70 : 6 3 -7 3. EcoRefe r ence No.: 87671 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : CBL,ATZ,SZ,TDF,DCZ,PCP; Hab itat : T; Effe ct Codes : MOR,PHY; R e j ection Cod e : LITE E VAL CODE D(CBL S Z), O K( ALL CHEM S) 54 8. Swartz W. J ( 1 9 8 5 ) E ffects of C a r b ary l o n Go na dal De vel opm ent in t h e C h ick Em bry o Bull.Envir o n.C ont am .T oxicol. 34 : 481 -48 5 EcoRefe r ence No.: 39027 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : R E P,MOR,C EL,GRO; Rej ection C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( CBL). 5 4 9 Swar tz, W. J. (1 981 ). Lo ngan d Sh or tTer m Eff ects of Carb ar yl Ex po su r e in C h ick Em b r yo s. Environ.Res. 26 : 463 -47 1 EcoRefe r ence No.: 39026 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : M O R,GR O,CEL; Rej ectio n Cod e : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL). 55 0. Swiha r t, R K and C o n ove r, M R ( 1 9 9 1) Resp on ses of Wood chu c k s to Po ten tial Gard en Cr op Rep e llen t s. J.Wildl.M a nag. 55: 1 7 7 18 1. EcoRefe r ence No.: 75424 C h em ical of C once r n: DM T C B L ; Ha bitat : T; E ffect Codes : B E H; R e jection C ode : LITE EV AL COD E D ( CBL) OK( DMT) 551. Tagatz, M E. Ivey, J. M Le hm an, H. K ., a n d O g les b y, J. L. ( 1 979). E ffe cts of Se vin on Devel opm ent of Experim e ntal Estuarine C o mmunities. J.Toxicol.Envir o n.Health 5: 6 4 3 6 51 EcoRefe r ence No.: 7275 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : POP; Rej ection Code : L I TE EV A L CODE D(CBL ) 552. Taka hashi, R. N., P o li, A ., M o rat o G. S. Li m a T. C. M ., a n d Za nin, M ( 1 990) Beha vi oral and B i oc hem i cal C h an ges Fol l owin g R e peat ed Adm i nistration o f C a r b ary l to Agi n g R a ts. Braz. J .Me d .Bi o l.Res. 23 : 8 79882 EcoRefe r ence No.: 87857 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : B C M,PHY,BEH; Rej ectio n Cod e : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL). 553. Taka hashi, R. N., P o li, A ., M o rat o G. S. Li m a T. C. M ., a n d Za nin, M ( 1 991) E ffects of Age o n B e ha vioral a n d P h y s iolo gical R e sp o n ses t o C a r b a r y l in R a ts. N e urot oxicol. T er atol. 13: 2 1 2 6. EcoRefe r ence No.: 87668 Page 274 of 602

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C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : B E H,PHY,BCM ; Rej ection Code : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL). 55 4. Taley Y. M a n d T h aka r e, K. R ( 1 97 9 ) C h em ical C ontrol o f S o r g hum Tissue B o re rs. In dia n .J .Ent o m ol. 41 : 1 3413 8. EcoRefe r ence No.: 45610 C h em ical of C once r n: HC C H ,ES,E N D DT, C B L ,PR T ; Ha bitat : T; Effec t Codes : P O P, GRO; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V AL CODED(CB L,PRT),OK(ALL CHEM S). 555. Teja da, A. W., Bajet, C. M ., M a gba una, M G., Gam b alan, N. B. Araez L C., and Mag a llo n a E. D. ( 199 4) To xic ity of Pesticides t o Target an d Non Targ et Faun a of th e Lowland Rice Ecosystem I n : B.Wid i ana rko K Vin k and N.M.Va n S t ra alen (Ed s .) Environment a l Toxic o logy i n South E a st Asi a VU Universi ty Press, Amste r dam, Netherl a nds 89 1 0 3 EcoRefe r ence No.: 20421 C h em ical of C once r n: M P ,ES,CBF ,CPY,E FX ,T DC, M TM ,M LN,F NV ,CYF ,F NT, CBL,24D XY M CPA,BTC,F Z FB,T BC,ODZ ,M ZB ; Ha bitat : AT; Effect Codes : MOR; Rej ectio n Cod e : LI TE E V A L CODE D(CBL M TM ,DZ,M L N,CY P,C Y F) O K ( A LL C H E M S). 55 6. Th om as, P. C and M u rthy T. L. (1 9 7 6 ) Aci d Phosphatase Activity in a Fresh-Water Air Breathing Fish Heteropneustes fo ssilis & t h e Effect of Cert ain Organic Pesticides on It. In dia n J Bioc h e m.Bi op hys. 13: 3 47349 EcoRefe r ence No.: 87565 Chem ical of C once r n: EN ,PP H D CBL,D EM ; Ha bitat : A; Effect C ode s : PHY; Rej ection C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( CBL),O K ( E N PPH D, DEM ) 557. Tilak, K. S., Rao, D. M ., De vi, A. P. a n d M u r t y, A. S. (1 98 1) Tox i city of Carb ar yl an d 1 Naphthol to Four Species of Freshwater Fish. J.Bi osci. 3: 4 5 7 46 2. EcoRefe r ence No.: 4969 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR; Rej ection C ode : LITE EVAL CODED( CBL) 55 8. Tilak, K. S., R a o, D. M R Devi, A P ., a n d M u rty A. S. (1 9 8 0 ) To xicity of C a r b ary l a n d 1 Naphthol to the Freshwat er F i sh La beo r o hita. In dia n J Ex p.Bi ol. 1 8 : 75 -7 6. EcoRefe r ence No.: 573 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR; Rej ection C ode : LITE EVAL CODED( CBL) 55 9. To dd N. E a n d Van Lee u we n, M ( 2 00 2 ) Effects o f Se vi n (C ar bary l I n s ecticide) o n Ea rly L i f e S t a g es o f Z e b r af is h (D anio r e r i o) Ecot oxicol.E nvir on .S af. 5 3 : 26 7-27 2. EcoRefe r ence No.: 72765 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR,GR O; R e j ection Code : LITE EVAL CODED( CBL) 560. Trial, J. G. (198 1). The Effect of Carbaryl on Leaf Litter Pro cessing i n Maine Stream s. In : K G. Stratto n ( E d.) Envir o n Mo nit.Rep.fr o m th e 198 0 Main e Coop era tive Sp ru ce Bu d w o r m Su p p ressi on Pr oject, M a ine F o rest Serv. De p. of C o nserv a t i on, A u g u sta ME 150 -16 7 EcoRefe r ence No.: 16303 Page 275 of 602

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C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : POP; Rej ection Code : L I TE EV A L CODE D(CBL ) 561. Trial, J. G. (1980). The Ef fect iveness o f U n s p ray e d B u ffe rs in Les s eni n g the Im pact of Aerial Ap plications o f C a r b ary l on Aq uatic I n sect s. In : K G. Stra tton ( E d ) Env i ron Mo nit.Re p from the 1 9 7 9 M a in e C o oper a tive Spr uce Bu dw o r m Su p p ressi o n Pr oject, M a i n e F o rest Serv. Dep of C o nser vation A u gust a ME 9 8 -1 32 EcoRefe r ence No.: 16311 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : POP; Rej ection Code : L I TE EV A L CODE D(CBL ) 5 6 2 Tr ial, J. G. (198 2) Th e Effect iveness of Ups t ream Refugi a for Prom oting Recolonization of Plecoptera Killed by Expo sure to Carbaryl. J.Fres hw.Ec o l. 1 : 5 63567 EcoRefe r ence No.: 9787 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : POP; Rej ection Code : L I TE EV A L CODE D(CBL ) 563. Trial, J. G. ( 1980). The Effect s of Sevi n-4-Oil on Aquatic Insect Comm unities of St reams. In : K G. Stratto n ( E d ) Enviro n.M o nit.Rep.fr om the 1 9 7 9 M a ine C o oper a tive S p r u ce Bu dw or m S u p p r ession Pr oject, M a ine F o rest Serv ., De p. of C onser vatio n, Au gust a ME 25 3 27 0. EcoRefe r ence No.: 16314 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : POP; Rej ection Code : L I TE EV A L CODE D(CBL ) 564. Trial, J. G. (1979). Th e Effect s of Sevin-4Oil on Aquatic Insect Comm unities of St reams ( 197 6197 8) I n : K G Str a tto n ( E d ) Enviro n.M o nit.of C o o p er ative S p ruc e Bu dw o r m C o ntrol Pro g ra m, M a ine F o rest Serv. De p. of C onse r vatio n, A u gu s t a, ME 6 22 ( A uth o r C o m m unicatio n Used ). EcoRefe r ence No.: 13808 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : POP; Rej ection Code : L I TE EV A L CODE D(CBL ) 565. Trial, J. G. (197 8). The Effect s of Sevin4-Oil on Aquatic Insect Co mm unities of St reams: A C ontin uatio n o f 19 7 6 St udies. I n : K G Str a tton ( E d.) Envir o n M onit. of C o ope rative Spr u ce Bu dw or m C ont rol Pr oject, M a ine 1 9 7 6 a n d 19 7 7 Mai n e F o rest Serv. De p. of C o nserv a t i on, Au gust a ME 12 4-1 4 0 EcoRefe r ence No.: 16307 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : POP; Rej ection Code : L I TE EV A L CODE D(CBL ) 5 6 6 Tr ial, J. G. an d Gibb s, K. E. (1 978 ). E f f ects o f Or th en e, Sev i n4Oil an d Dylo x on Aq uatic Insects Incidental to Attem p ts to C o n t ro l Spru ce B u dwo r m in Main e, 197 6. In : K G. Strat t on (Ed ) En viron Mon it.o f Coopera tive Sp ru ce Bud w o r m C o n t ro l Pro j ect, Ma in e 19 76 an d 19 7 7 Mai n e F o rest Serv. De p. of C o nserv a t i on, A u g u sta ME 207 -21 6 EcoRefe r ence No.: 16309 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L A C P ; Ha bitat : A; Effect Codes : POP; R e jection C ode : LITE EVAL CODED( CBL,ACP) 567. Triolo, A. J., L a ng, W. R ., C o on, J. M Linds trom D. a n d He rr, D L ( 1 982). E ffect of the Page 276 of 602

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I n secticid es Tox a ph en e an d C a r b ar yl on I ndu ctio n of Lun g Tu m o r s b y Ben z o( a)p y r e n e in th e M ouse J Toxicol.E n viron.He alth 9 : 637 -649 EcoRefe r ence No.: 39134 C h em ical of C once r n: TX P,C B L; Ha bitat : T; Effect Codes : GR O,PHY; Rej ection Code : LITE EV AL C ODE D ( CBL), OK (T XP) 56 8. Tripathi, G a n d S h ukla, S. P. (1 9 8 8 ) Toxicity Bioassay of Technical and Com m e rcial Form ulations of Carbaryl to the Fres hwater C a tfish, Clarias batrachus. Ecotoxic ol.E nv iron .S af. 15 : 27 7-2 8 1 EcoRefe r ence No.: 13053 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR; Rej ection C ode : LITE EVAL CODED( CBL) 56 9. Tripathi, P. K and Sin g h A. (2 0 0 4 ) C a rba r y l In duce d Alterations in t h e R e pr od uctio n a n d Metabolism of Fres hwate r Snail Lym n aea acum i nata. Pestic.Biochem.Physiol. 79: 19. EcoRefe r ence No.: 86766 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : PHY,REP,M O R BCM; Rej ectio n C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( CBL). 5 7 0 Tr ip ath i P. K. an d Singh A. ( 200 2) Tox i c Ef f ects of Dimeth o a te and Car b ar yl Pesticides on Carbohy drate Metabolism of Fres hwate r Snail Lym n aea acum i nata. Bull.Envir o n.C ont am .T oxicol. 68 : 606 -61 1 EcoRefe r ence No.: 65841 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L D M T ; Habitat : A; Effect Codes : BCM; Rej ection Code : LITE EVA L CO DE D( DM T,CBL ). 5 7 1 Tr ip ath i P. K. an d Singh A. ( 200 3) Tox i c Ef f ects of Dimeth o a te and Car b ar yl Pesticides on Protei n Metabolism of the Freshw ater Snail Lym n aea acum i nata. Bull.Envir o n.C ont am .T oxicol. 70 : 146 -15 2 EcoRefe r ence No.: 71890 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L D M T ; Habitat : A; Effect Codes : BCM,CEL; Rej ection C ode : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL,DMT). 5 7 2 Tr ip ath i P. K. an d Singh A. ( 200 3) Tox i c Ef f ects of Dimeth o a te and Car b ar yl Pesticides on Reproduction a n d Related E n z y m e s of th e Freshwater Snail Lym n aea acum i nata. Bull.Envir o n.C ont am .T oxicol. 71 : 535 -54 2 EcoRefe r ence No.: 71686 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L D M T ; Habitat : A; Effect Codes : REP,BC M,MOR; Rej e ctio n C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( CBL,DM T ) 5 7 3 Tr isyon o, A. an d Ch ip p e nd al e, G. M. (1 997) Ef f ect of th e Non s tero id al Ecd y son e Ag on ists, M e tho x y f en ozi d e a n d Te bu fe nozi d e, o n th e Eur o pean C o rn B o re r (Le p id o p tera: Py ralida e ). J.Econ .En t omol. 90 : 148 6-1 492 EcoRefe r ence No.: 64128 Chem ica l of C once r n: MFZ,DFZ,TUZ,CB L; Ha bitat : T; Effect Codes : GR O,M O R,R E P; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V AL CODED(MF Z,DF Z,T U Z,C B L). 574. Trisyono, A., Puttle r, B., and Chippendale, G. M. (2000). Effect of the Ecdysone Agoni s ts, Methoxyfenozi d e and Tebufenoz i d e, on the Lady Beetle, C o leom egilla maculata. Page 277 of 602

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Entomol.Exp.Appl. 9 4 : 10 3-10 5. EcoRefe r ence No.: 64129 C h em ical of C once r n: M F Z, C B L ,TUZ; Ha bitat : T; Effec t Codes : MOR ; Rej ection Code : LITE EVAL C ODE D(MFZ,C B L,TUZ ) 575. Twa g ilim a na, L., B ohatier J. G r oliere CA ., B o nnem oy, F., a n d Sa r gos D. ( 1 998) A New Low-C o st Microbiotest with t h e Protozoan Spirostom u m teres: Culture Conditions and Assessm ent of Sensitivity of t h e Ciliate to 14 Pure C h em ica l s. Ec otoxic ol. E nviro n S af. 41 : 2 31244 EcoRefe r ence No.: 20057 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : Cd ,C uS,CBL,HCCH,M P, CPH, N a PCP, Hg Cl2 Zn,Cr PRN, Pb N, TH M; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR; Rej ection C ode : LIT E EVAL CODE D(CBL C uS, N aPCP ), OK (A LL C H E M S). 576. Uddin, M B., Karim M A. and Alam M. Z. (19 95) Ef f e ctiv en ess of Som e Carbam ate Insecticides for Repelling a Pest Bird (Lonchura striata) t o Reduce Ear Damage of Fox-Tail Millet. Pak.J.Sci.Ind.Res 3 8 : 4 35437 EcoRefe r ence No.: 87672 C h em ical of C once r n: C B F ,C B L ; Ha bitat : T; Effect Codes : PO P; R e je ction C ode : LITE EVAL CODED( CBL) OK( CBF) 57 7. Ukeles R ( 1 9 6 2 ) G r o w th o f Pu re C u ltures of M a rine P h y t opla nkt on in t h e Prese n ce o f Toxicants. A p pl.Micro biol. 10 : 532 -53 7 EcoRefe r ence No.: 8039 C h em ical of C once r n: TX P, N a bam CBL,DCB,Du,PL,CBZ,DDT,DZ; Habitat : A; Ef fect C odes : MOR,POP; Rej ection C ode : LIT E EVAL CODE D( CBL,DCB,DZ),OK(ALL CHEMS). 578. Uni o n Carbide Chem ical and Plastics Com p any (1991). Letter Subm it ting Multiple Enclosed Studies on M u ltiple Chem ica l s with Attachm e nts. EPA/OT S Doc #86-920000742 1 53 4 p ( N TI S/OTS0 53 507 2) EcoRefe r ence No.: 75195 Chem ical of C once r n: ACL HO X, 4AP, FM L.EG Y,CBL ,T EG,BM N ; H a bitat : AT; Effect C odes : MOR,GRO,BEH,BC M,CEL; Rej ect io n C o d e : LI TE E V A L CO D E D ( CBL), OK (H OX ,FM L E GY ,TEG, B MN ) NO CO C( AD C, CBF, M TA S) ,N O CONTR O L ( A C L,4AP) 57 9. Vasum a thi, D Sam p ath, K ., and Jam e s, R (2 001 ). Acu t e To x i city of Endo su lf an, Meth y l Par a th io n and Car b ar yl on M acr opo du s cupan u s. Envir o n.Ecol. 19 : 576 -5 79 EcoRefe r ence No.: 87644 C h em ical of C once r n: ES,M P C B L ; Ha bitat : A; Effect Codes : M O R; Rej ectio n Cod e : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL),OK(ALL C H E M S). 58 0. Ven k ates wara n, P. a n d R a m a swam y M (1 9 8 7 ) Lactic Aci dosis in Dif f er ent Tiss ues of Sar o ther o d o n m o ssam b icus ( P eters) Ex p o se d to Se vin. C u rr.Sci. 5 6 : 32 0322 EcoRefe r ence No.: 4550 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : B C M; Rej ection Code : L I TE EVAL CODE D(CBL ) Page 278 of 602

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581. Verm a, S. R. Bansal, S K., Gupta, A. K ., Pa l, N ., Tyagi, A. K. Bhat na gar, M C., K u m a r, K. an d Dalela, R C. (1 979 ). Acute Tox i city o f Twenty Three Pesticides to a Fresh Water Teleost, Sac c o b ra nc hus f o ssil i s. I n : S.R. Ver m a A K Ty agi, an d S.K.Ba nsa l (Ed s .) Enviro n m ent a l Biolo g y: Pr oc. S ym p. Envir o n Biol.,M uz affar n a g a r, I ndi a 48 1-4 9 7 EcoRefe r ence No.: 7375 C h em ical of C once r n: ABT,CBF,CB L ,THM ,ES, HP T,CH D, AN D, HCCH, P H S L, DZ, D M T ,TC F D D V P M L N F N T; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR; Rej ection C ode : LIT E EVAL CODE D(M L N CBL,DZ ) O K( ALL C H EM S ) 582. Verm a, S. R. Bansal, S K., Gupta, A. K ., Pa l, N ., Tyagi, A. K. Bhat na gar, M C., K u m a r, V. an d Dalela, R C. (1 982 ). Bioa ssay Trials with Twen ty T h ree Pesticides t o a Fres h Wate r Teleost, Sac c o b ra nc hus f o ssil i s. Wa t e r R e s. 16: 5 2 5 52 9. EcoRefe r ence No.: 15179 C h em ical of C once r n: HPT,CBF,CBL,CHD,DMT,HCCH ,E S, DD VP,M L N F NT A N D D Z, PH S L ,ABJ; Ha bitat : A; Effect C ode s : MOR; Rej ection C ode : LIT E EVAL CODE D( CBL,DZ,CBF,DMT) OK(ALL CHEMS),NO COC( OXD). 58 3. Verm a, S. R a n d T o n k I. P. ( 1 9 8 4 ) B i om on itorin g of t h e C ontam ination o f Water by a Su blethal C o nc entratio n of Pesticides A Syste m Analysis Approach. Act a Hydr oc him Hy dro b i o l. 12: 3 9 9 4 09 EcoRefe r ence No.: 12980 Chem ical of C once r n: DEM DD VP ,CBF,C HD ,A N D ,CBL ; Ha bitat : A; Effect C ode s : PHY,BCM,M OR; Rej ection Co d e : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( CBL ,CBF) OK( A LL CHEMS) 584. Verm a, S. R. Tonk, I P ., a n d Dalela R. C. (1981). Determination of t h e Maxim u m Accepta ble T o xicant C once n t r ation (M ATC) and the Sa fe C once n tration for Certain Aqua tic Pollutants. A c ta Hydr oc him Hydr o b iol. 9: 2 4 7 25 4. EcoRefe r ence No.: 10385 Chem ical of C once r n: D D V P Cd,P L,CBL, M LN,CBF,C uS,DEM ,CH D N aPCP; Ha bitat : A; Effect C ode s : MOR,GR O; R e j ection Code : LITE E VAL CODED( CBL,CBF,Cu S ,NaP CP)//OK(ALL CHEMS). 58 5. Verm a, S. R To nk I P ., G u pta, A. K. a n d Saxe na, M ( 1 9 8 4 ) Eval uatio n of an A p plication Factor for Determ ining the Safe Concentration of Agricult ural a n d In dustrial Chem icals. Water Res. 18: 1 1 1 11 5. EcoRefe r ence No.: 10575 C h em ical of C once r n: NaPCP,C H D,Cd ,CuS,Zn HgCl2 ABT,CBF,H CCH, D DV P, CBL,PL,E S ,M LN,S A, A ND; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR; Rej ection C ode : LIT E EVAL CODED( CBL,CBF,Cu S ,NaP CP)//OK(ALL CHEMS). 58 6. Verstee g D. J. ( 1 9 9 0 ). C o m p ariso n of S h or tan d Long T erm To x i c ity Test Results for the Gree n Alga Se lenastrum capr i cor nut um In : W.W a n g J.W Gor s uc h, a n d W.R.L o w e r ( E ds.) Plants f o r Toxi city Assessme n t, AS TM STP 1 0 9 1 P h iladel p hia, PA 40 -48 EcoRefe r ence No.: 17639 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : Cu2 0 ,SZ,Cd,PCP,C BL,ATZ; Hab itat : A; E ffe ct Codes : PHY PO P ; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V A L CO DED ( CB L,AT Z,SZ ,PC P ,Cu2O ) O K( Cd) Page 279 of 602

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5 8 7 Ville, P., Ro ch, P., Coop er, E. L., and Nar bon n e J.F (1997 ). I m m u n o M o d u l ator Ef f ect s of C a rba r y l an d 2 4 D i n the Eart hw orm Eisenia fetida a n drei. Arch. E nvir on C ont am .T oxico l 32: 2 9 1 29 7. EcoRefe r ence No.: 40121 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ,2 4D; Ha bitat : T; Effect Codes : BCM ,CEL ,M OR,P H Y ; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V AL CO D E D( CBL) ,O K( 24D ). 58 8. Vir k S ., Ka ur K., an d Ka ur S. ( 1 98 7 ) Hist opat hol ogical a n d B i oc hem i cal C h an ges I n d u ced by E n d r in a n d C a rba r y l in the Stom ach, Intestine and Li ver o f M y stus te n g ara In dia n J Ecol. 14: 1 4 2 0. EcoRefe r ence No.: 3244 C h em ical of C once r n: EN ,C B L ; Ha bitat : A; E ffect C o des : CEL,PHY; Rej ection C o de : LITE EV AL C ODE D ( CBL), OK (E N). 58 9. Walge nba ch J. F., Leidy R B ., a n d S h eets, T. J. ( 199 1) Per s iste nce of Insecticides on Tom a to Foliag e an d Im plications f o r C o ntr o l o f T o m a to Fru itworm (Lepi d opte r a: Noct uidae ) J.Econ .En t omo l 84 : 978 -98 6 EcoRefe r ence No.: 74169 C h em ical of C once r n: M O M EFV, ES,C B L R TN; Habitat : T; E ffect Codes : PHY,POP,AC C,MOR; Rej e ctio n C o d e : LI TE E VAL CO DED ( EF V,M O M ) ,O K( ALL CHEMS). 59 0. Walsh G. E a n d Ale x an de r S. V ( 198 0) A Mar i n e A l g a l Bioassay Method: Results with Pesticides and Industrial W a st es. W a ter Air Soil Pollut. 13 : 45 -55 (Au t ho r Co mm u n i cati o n Used). EcoRefe r ence No.: 5297 Chem ical of C once r n: CBL,E P,M P ,PRT ,TB C ,PM R ; Ha bitat : A; E ffect Codes : GR O; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V AL CODED(CB L,PRT),OK(ALL CHEM S). 5 9 1 Weav er J. E. an d McCu tch e on T. W. (1 988) Gr een Jun e Beetle Co n t ro l, W e st Virg in ia, 1 987 Insectic.Acaric.Te sts 13 : 270 ( N o 121 F). EcoRefe r ence No.: 88816 Chem ical of C once r n: CBL,C YH ,TCF,C YF, D Z, ACP; Ha bitat : T; Effec t Codes : POP; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V AL CODED(CB L,DZ ),OK(AL L CHEMS ) 59 2. Weil, C S., Woo d si de, M D B e r n ar d, J. B Cond r a N. I K i ng J. M an d Carp en ter C. P. (1 9 7 3 ) C o m p arative E ffect of C a rba r y l o n R a t R e pr od uctio n a n d G u inea P i g Terat o lo gy When fed Either in the Diet o r by Stom ach I n tu bation Tox i col.Ap pl.P h a r m ac ol. 26 : 621638 EcoRefe r ence No.: 39322 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : B C M,GRO,M O R,REP; Rej ecti o n C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( CBL). 5 9 3 Weil, C. S., Wo od sid e M. D., Carp en ter C. P., and Sm yth H. F. Jr (1 972) C u rr en t Statu s o f Tests of Carb ar yl f o r Rep r odu ctiv e an d Terato g e n i c Ef f ect. T o xicol. Ap pl. P h a rm ac ol. 21 : 3 90404 EcoRefe r ence No.: 39323 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : R E P,GR O,M O R ; Rej ection Code : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL). Page 280 of 602

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594. Weis, J S. a n d Mantel, L. H. (1976). DDT as an Accelerator of Lim b Regene ration a n d Molting i n Fi ddler C r abs. Es tuar .Coast.M ar.Sci. 4 : 46 146 6. EcoRefe r ence No.: 61096 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L DDT ,M LN ,PR N ; Habitat : A ; Ef fect Codes : GRO,MOR; Rej ectio n Code : LI TE EV AL COD E D( CBL, MLN) ,O K(D D T P RN ) 5 9 5 Weis, J. S. an d W e is, P. (1 975 ). Retard atio n of Fin Reg e n e r a tio n in Fundu lu s b y Sev e r a l Insecticides. T r an s.A m .Fis h. S o c. 10 4 : 13 5-13 7. EcoRefe r ence No.: 8232 C h em ical of C once r n: D D T, C B L ,M LN, P R N ; Habitat : A ; Ef fect Codes : GRO; Reject ion C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( CBL),O K ( D D T ,M LN ,PRN ). 59 6. Weis, P. a n d Weis, J S (1 9 7 4 ) Sc ho olin g B e havi or o f M e nidia m e didia in the P r esenc e o f the Insecticide Sevin (Carbaryl). Ma r. B i o l 28 : 261 -26 3 EcoRefe r ence No.: 6302 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : B E H; Rejecti o n Code : L I TE EV A L CODE D(CBL ) 59 7. Weissling T J an d M e i nke L. J. ( 1 99 1) P o tential o f Sta r ch E n ca psulate d Sem i ochem i calInsecticide Form ula tions for Adult Corn Rootwo rm (Coleoptera: C h ry somelidae) Control. J.Econ .En t omol. 84 : 601 -60 9 EcoRefe r ence No.: 73709 User De fine 2: WA SHT CA L F T Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : MOM,CBF,CBL; Hab itat : T; Effec t Codes : POP; Rej ection C o de : OK 59 8. Weltens, R ., V a nde r p laetse, F ., Van g e n echte n, C ., a n d Ver h ulst, T. ( 2 00 0) A u tom a ted be ta Galactosidase Activity Bioassay for Adult Da phnia m a gna Versus Classic Imm obiliza t i o n Test. B u ll.E n v i ron C o nta m .T oxicol. 65 : 1 39146 EcoRefe r ence No.: 55506 C h em ical of C once r n: C d H g, Zn,C B L H C C H,PC P Se; Ha bitat : A; E ffe ct Codes : MOR,BCM; Rej ection Cod e : LITE E VAL CODE D(CBL P CP), O K (C d, Hg,Z n,HCC H S e). 59 9. Wer n er sso n, A S. an d Da ve, G. (1 9 9 7 ) P h o t otoxicity I d ent i fication by S o lid Pha s e Extractio n a n d Ph otoin d u ced To xicity to Da ph nia m a gna. Arch. E nvir on C ont am .T oxico l 32 : 2 68273 EcoRefe r ence No.: 17714 C h em ical of C once r n: F A ,F N V ,C B L ; Ha bitat : A; E ffect Codes : PHY; Rej ection Code : LITE EV AL C ODE D ( CBL), OK (F A,F N V) 60 0. Westlake, G E ., Har d y A. R an d Ste v en so n J. H. ( 1 98 5) Effects o f St or age a n d Pesticide Treatm e nts on Honey Bee B r ain Acetyl Cholinesterase Activities. Bull.Envir o n.C ont am .T oxicol. 34 : 668 -67 5 EcoRefe r ence No.: 35515 C h em ical of C once r n: C Y P P M R DM ,P HSL AZ ,CBL,DM T ; Ha bitat : T; Effect Codes : B C M ; R e jection C ode : LIT E EVA L CO DE D( DM T,C Y P, CBL). 601. Whitten, B. K. and Goodnight C. J. ( 1966). Toxicity of Some Comm on Insecticides t o Tu bificids. J.Water Pollut.C ontrol Fed. 38 : 22 7-2 3 5 Page 281 of 602

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EcoRefe r ence No.: 8046 C h em ical of C once r n: D D T, P R N,HC C H D L D ,C B L ,M L N ; Ha bitat : A; E ffect C odes : M O R ; R e jectio n C ode : LIT E EVAL CODE D(CBL ) OK(ALL CHEM S). 60 2. Wil d er I B a n d Stanley J. G. (1 9 8 3 ) R N ADN A R a tio as an I nde x t o Gr owt h i n Sal m onid Fishes i n the Laboratory and i n St ream s Conta m inated by C a rba r yl. J.Fish Biol. 22 : 165 -1 72 EcoRefe r ence No.: 11074 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : C EL,GR O; R e je ction C ode : LITE EVAL CODED( CBL) 6 0 3 Wood B an d Payn e, J. ( 1984 ). Inf l u e n ce of Sin g l e Ap p licatio n s o f In secticid es on Net Ph otosy n thesis o f Peca n. Hor t science 19 : 2 6 5 26 6. EcoRefe r ence No.: 44270 Chem ical of C once r n: P H SL, M OM ,CBL,A Z,FN V, DM T; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : P HY; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V A L CO DED ( AZ ,DM T ,M OM ), OK (P HSL CBL,FN V ) 604. Wood, B W. a n d Payne J A. (1986). Ne t Phot osynt h esis of Orch a r d Grown Pecan Lea v es R e duce d by I n secticide Sp ray s Hortscience 21 : 112 -11 3 EcoRefe r ence No.: 74343 Chem ical of C once r n: M O M CBL,FN V D M T ,PH S L; Ha bitat : T; Effect Codes : P HY; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V AL CODED(M O M,DMT ) ,OK(AL L CHEMS ) 60 5. Wo rthley E G an d Sch o tt, C D ( 1 9 72). The Com p arative Eff ects of CS an d Var i ou s Pollutants o n F r esh Wate r P h y t oplan kto n C o lo nies of Wol ffia pap u life r a Th om pson. Edgewater A r s e nal Tech.Re p .EATR 4595 29 p ( U .S.NTI S AD736 336 ). EcoRefe r ence No.: 9184 Ch em ica l o f Co n c ern : 24D XY CBL,D Z, M L N I A A AN D,D L D, DD T; Hab itat : A; E f f ect C odes : MOR; Rej ection Code : LITE E V AL CODED(CB L, IA A, D Z ) OK (A LL CH EM S) 60 6. Yo ke, O P a n d S u dde r u d d in K. I. ( 1 97 5 ) T oxic o lo gical St udies o f F o ur I n secticides Ag ainst Musca dom estica L. Sou th ea st Asia n J.Tr op.Med.Public Health 6 : 525 -531 EcoRefe r ence No.: 70125 C h em ical of C once r n: R S M C B L ; Ha bitat : T; E ffect Codes : M O R; Rej ectio n Cod e : TARGET(RS M). 6 0 7 Yu, S. J. ( 1991 ). In secticid e Resistan ce in th e Fall Ar m y wo r m Spod op ter a fru g i p e rd a (J. E. Smith). Pestic.Biochem.Physiol. 39 : 8 4 -9 1. EcoRefe r ence No.: 73599 C h em ical of C once r n: MOM,PMR,C Y P,C Y T,BF T,TMT,FVL,DZ,C PY,M P CBL, T DC, D D V P S PS,TLM ,M LN ,FN V ; Habitat : T; Effect C ode s : MOR; Rej ection C ode : OK TA RG ET ( M LN ,F V L C Y P ) 60 8. Yue h L. Y a n d Hensley D L. ( 1 99 3 ) Pesticide Effect on Acetylene Reduction and No d u lation by Soy b ea n a n d L i m a B ean. J. A m Soc .H ortic. S ci. 1 18: 7 3 7 6. EcoRefe r ence No.: 70497 User De fine 2: REPS,WASH,CALF,C O RE,SENT C h em ical of C once r n: P N B DZ,C B L ,M O M ,SX D ; Habit a t : T; Effect Codes : BCM,PHY; Rej ectio n Code : TAR G ET (S XD). Page 282 of 602

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60 9. Yue h L. Y a n d Hensley D L. ( 1 99 3 ) Pesticide Effect on Acetylene Reduction and No d u lation by Soy b ea n a n d L i m a B ean. J. A m Soc .H ortic. S ci. 1 18: 7 3 7 6. EcoRefe r ence No.: 70497 C h em ical of C once r n: CAPT AN ,M A N EB,Z IN EB, M OM ,M LN ,P M R ,BT,SX D, TFN, DZ ,CBL, P NB; Ha bitat : T; Effect C ode s : BCM,PHY; Rej ectio n Cod e : LITE EVAL CODE D( DZ ), TARG ET( SX D), O K( ALL CHEM S) 610. Zaga, A., Little, E. E., Rabe ni, C. F., and Ellersieck, M. R. (1998). Photoenhan ced Toxicity of a Carbam ate Insecticide to Ea rly Life Sta g e An ur an Am phi bians E n vir o n.Toxic o l.Che m 17 : 25 4 3 2 55 3. EcoRefe r ence No.: 15683 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : M O R,GR O,B E H; Rejecti o n Code : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CBL). 611. Zem a n, P. and Zelezny, J. (1985). The Su sceptibility of the Poultr y Red M ite, Derm anyssus gallinae (De Geer, 1778), to Som e Acaricides Under Laboratory Conditions. Exp.A p pl.Ac a r o l. 1 : 1722 EcoRefe r ence No.: 71145 Chem ical of C once r n: D D T, CBL,HCCH ,P M R ,CYP, D M TM T; Ha bitat : T; E ffect Codes : M O R ; R e jectio n C ode : TAR G ET (CYP ). 612. Zi mm er m a n, R. J. and C r anshaw, W. S. (1990). Com p atibility of Three Ent o m ogenous Nem a todes (R habditida) in Aqueou s Sol u tions of Pesticides Used i n Turfgrass Maintenance. J.Econ .En t omol. 83 : 97100 EcoRefe r ence No.: 71366 Chem ical of C once r n: PCB, D Z ,H g,CBL,C P Y ,P NB,B DC,B M Y ,DM B ; Ha bitat : T; Effec t C odes : MOR; Rej ection Code : LITE E V A L CO DED ( D M B),O K( ALL CHEM S)//N O SPECI ES( P CB ) 61 3. Zinkl, J. G. S h ea, P. J. N a ka m o to, R J., an d C a llm an, J. ( 1 9 8 7 ) B r ai n C holine s terase Activity of Rainbow Trout P o isone d by C a r b ary l Bu ll.En viro n.Con t am.Toxico l 38 : 29 -35 EcoRefe r ence No.: 12399 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : PHY,MOR,BEH,ACC; Rej ect io n C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D (CBL). Acceptable for ECOTO X but not OPP 1. Aba d A ., M o r e no, M J., Pel e gri, R., M a rtinez, M I ., Sae z A ., Gam on, M ., a n d M o ntoya, A. ( 1999). Determ ination of C a r b ary l C a rb of u r an an d M e thiocarb i n Cucum b ers a n d St rawberries by M o n o clo n al E n zy m e I m m unoassay s a n d High -Pe r f o rm ance Liq u id C h r o m a togra phy wi th Fluoresce n ce Detection. An Analytical Com p arison. J.C h romatogr.A 83 3 : 312 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ,C B F ; Ha bitat : T; Rej ection C ode : NO CO NC. 2 Abd ElM ag id M. M. ( 198 6) Eff ect of So me Pe sticides on the Growth of B l ue-G ree n Alga S p ir ulina platensis. C A. Sel.-E nv iron.Pollut. 26 : (AB S No .10 5 220 57 5 t ) EcoRefe r ence No.: 12706 Chem ical of C once r n: CuS C B L,HCCH ,M L N DDT ,P IRM ; Ha bitat : A; Effect C ode s : POP; Rej ectio n Code : NO ABSTR A CT(ALL CHEMS) Page 283 of 602

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3 Abdo u, R. F. an d Abd e l-Wahab M A. ( 1985 ). Cyto log i cal and Dev e lo p m en tal Eff ects o f Cer t ain Insecticides in Vicia fa ba. Int Pest Control 27 : 123 -12 5 EcoRefe r ence No.: 44263 Chem ical of C once r n: CBL,C PY,C YP,M TM ; Ha bitat : T; Effect C ode s : REP,GR O,CE L; Rej ectio n Code : N O E N DP OI NT( A L L C H EM S) 4. Aceve d o, R ( 19 9 1 ) P r elim inary Observations on Effects of Pesticides C a rbaryl, Naphthol, and Chlorpyrifos on Pla nulae of t h e Herm at ypic Coral Pocillopora dam i cornis. Pa c S c i. 45 : 2 87 28 9. EcoRefe r ence No.: 71944 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ,C PY; Ha bitat : A; E ffect C o des : M O R ; R e jection C ode : NO CONTR O L( CBL,CPY) 5. Adai r, R J. an d Holtkam p, R H ( 1 99 9 ) De velo pm ent of a Pesticide E x cl usio n Tec h niq u e fo r Assessi ng the Im pact of Biological Control Agents for C h rysanthem o ides m onilifera. Bioco n trol Sci. Tech nol. 9: 3 8 3 3 90 EcoRefe r ence No.: 77561 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : CBF,DMT,FVL,CBL,BMY; Hab itat : T; E ffect C o des : POP,MOR; Rej ectio n Code : NO END P O I NT( F VL) M I XTUR E(DM T CBL,BMY,CBF) TA RGET( CBL). 6. Adam s, P. B. a n d Wong, J A. L. ( 1 991) T h e Effect of C h e m ical Pestic id e s on th e Inf ectio n of Sclerotia of Sclerotinia m i nor by the Bioc ont rol Agent Sporidesm i u m scler o tivorum Ph ytopa tho l ogy 81 : 134 0-1 343 EcoRefe r ence No.: 70656 C h em ical of C once r n: P N B C B L,C H D D Z ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : PHY; Rej ection C ode : TAR G ET(DZ). 7. Ad hika ry S. P. ( 1 9 8 9 ). Ef fect of Pesticides o n the G r owt h Ph otosy n thetic O x y g e n E v olu tion a n d Nitrogen Fi xation of Wes tiellopsis prolifica. J. Gen A ppl.M icrobi ol. 35: 3 1 9 32 6. EcoRefe r ence No.: 74837 C h em ical of C once r n: C B F ,C B L ,DM T ; Ha bitat : A; E ffe ct Codes : GR O,M O R P HY; Rej ectio n Code : N O E N DP OI NT( A L L C H EM S) 8. Ad hika ry S. P. Das h P. a n d Pattnaik, H. ( 1 984). E ffect of the Carbam ate Insecticide Se vin on A n ab a e n a sp an d W e s tie llopsis prolifica. Acta Microbiol.Hung. 31 : 3 3533 8. EcoRefe r ence No.: 9257 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : M O R,GR O,P HY; Re jection Code : NO CONTROL( CBL) 9 Agn e llo A. M., Sp ang l er, S. M., Reissig W. H ., Lawson D. S., and Weir es, R W. ( 1992 ). Season al Devel opm ent a n d M a na gem e nt Strate gies f o r C o m s tock M ealy bug ( H om opte r a: Pseudococci da e) in Ne w York Pea r Orc h a r ds. J.Econ .En t omo l 85 : 2 1222 5. EcoRefe r ence No.: 73713 C h em ical of C once r n: M O M C P Y,C B L ,M P AZ,E S,RSM E F V,M V P; Ha bitat : T; Effect C odes : POP,MOR; Rej ection C ode : OK(MOM) TARGET( RSM,EFV). 10. Agrawal, H. P. (1986). Th e Accum u lation of Biocide Resi dues i n a Few Tissues of Lam e llidens marginalis. J.Anim.Morphol.Physiol. 3 3 : 45 -5 0. Page 284 of 602

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EcoRefe r ence No.: 3986 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ,C HD; Ha bitat : A; E ffect C o des : AC C ; R e je ction C ode : NO CO N T RO L,EN DPOI NT(A LL CH EMS) 1 1 Ah m a d M., Ho llin gwor th, R. M., and W i se, J. C. ( 2002 ) B r o a d Sp ect r u m In secticid e Resistan ce in Oblique bande d Leafroller _C hori stoneura rosaceana (Lepi d op tera: Tortri cidae) from Michigan. P e s t Ma na g. Sci. 58 : 834 -83 8 EcoRefe r ence No.: 70966 C h em ical of C once r n: IDC,CF P,EM M B ,M FZ,TU Z ,BFT,ZC Y P, A Z ,CPY ,PSM ,C YP, D M E F V E S ,TDC ,M OM M Z,C BL,SS; Ha bitat : T; Effect C ode s : MOR; R e j ection Code : OK (M OM ),T A R G E T (C YP, B FT,EF V ) 12 Ahm a d, M an d M c C a f f ery A. R (1 9 9 1 ) Elucidatio n of Deto xication M echanism s In vol ved in Resistance to Insecticides i n t h e T h ird Insta r Larvae of a Fi eld-Selected St rain of Helicoverpa arm i gera with t h e Use of Synergists. Pestic.Biochem.Physi ol. 41: 4 1 5 2. EcoRefe r ence No.: 74894 C h em ical of C once r n: PPB ,C YP, F N V D DT, C B L ; Ha bitat : T; E ffect Codes : M O R; Rej ectio n Code : N O M I XT URE(P P B), T A R GET(C Y P CBL). 13. Ahm a d, M. H. and Vekataram a n, G. S. (1973). Tolerance of Aulo sira fertilissi m a to Pesticides. Curr.Sci. 42 : 10 8 (ABS). C h em ical of C once r n: M C PB ,M C P A, HCCH,PRN,EN,CBL,DZ,PPN; Habitat : A; Reject ion C ode : NO AB STRACT. 14 Al-T haqa fi, K. an d White, K. N. (1 9 9 1 ) Ef fe ct of S h o r e P o s ition an d En vir onm ental M e tal Levels on B ody M e tal B u r d e n s in the B a rnacle, Elm i nius m odestu s Environ.Pollut 69 : 8 9 -1 04 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; Rej ection Code : NO CO NC. 15. Alawi, M A., Gha r aibe h, S. and Al Shureiki, Y. ( 1 99 0) R u eck stan dsu n te rsuc h u n g e n a u f Fenitr othi on un d Py reth roi d e in Wasse r, B ode n u n d P f lan zen nach de r H e usc h rec k en be kaem pfu n g in Jo rd an ien 19 89. C h em os phe r e 20 : 443 -44 7 (G ER). EcoRefe r ence No.: 3113 C h em ical of C once r n: P Y T,C B L; Ha bitat : A; Rej ection Code : NO FOREIGN. 16 Ali, A D. a n d Garcia, J. ( 1 9 8 8 ) White Gr ub C o ntrol i n Ke ntuc ky B l ue gra ss, 19 8 7 Insectic.Ac a ric Tests 1 3 : 33 0 ( N o 6G). EcoRefe r ence No.: 88829 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ,E P; Ha bitat : T; Effect Codes : POP; Rej ectio n Cod e : NO EN DPOIN T ( E P, CBL) 17 Ali, M S. ( 19 89 ). Determ ination of N Methylcarbam a te Pe sticides in Li ver by Liquid C h r o m a tograp hy J Ass o c.Of f.Anal.Che m. 72 : 586 -59 2 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : MOM,ADC,CBF,CBL,MCB; Hab itat : T; Rej ection C ode : NO IN VITR O. 1 8 Aly, O. M. and ElD ib M A. ( 197 1) Stud ies on the Persistence of Som e C a rb am ate Insecticides in the Aquatic Envi ronm ent I. Hydr olysis of Sevi n, Bay g on, Pyrolan and Dim e tilan in Waters. Page 285 of 602

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Water Res. 5: 11 9 1 1 20 5. EcoRefe r ence No.: 60705 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; R e j ection Code : NO SPECIES. 19. Am alin, D M Pena J E. Y u S. J ., a n d M c Sorl ey, R. (2000). Selective Toxi city of Some Pesticides to Hi bana vel o x (Araneae: Anyphaeni d ae) a Pre d ator of Citrus Lea f m i ner. Fla.Ent o mol 83 : 2 54262 EcoRefe r ence No.: 68114 C h em ical of C once r n: AL SV C u,C P Y,C B L ; Ha bitat : T; E ffect C odes : MOR; Rej ection C ode : N O E N DP OI NT( A LL CHEM S ) 2 0 Am er S. ( 1964 ). Cyto log i cal Eff ects of N-Meth yl1 -Naph t h y l Carb am a t e "Sev in ". Naturwissenschaften 51 : 4 94-4 9 5 EcoRefe r ence No.: 27777 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; R e j ection Code : NO GENETIC,TARGET(C B L). 2 1 Am er S. ( 1965 ). Cyto log i cal Eff ects of Pesticid es I Mito tic Eff ects of N-Meth yl1 -Naph t h y l Carbam ate "Sevin". C y tol ogi a 30: 1 7 5 18 1. EcoRefe r ence No.: 44264 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : C EL; Rej ection Code : NO EN DPOIN T ( C BL) 22. Am er, S. M F a hm y, M A., a n d D o nya, S M ( 1 9 9 6 ). C y toge netic E ffect of Som e Insecticides in M ouse S p leen. J.A p pl.T oxico l 16 : 1-3 EcoRefe r ence No.: 75291 C h em ical of C once r n: C P Y C B L,D D T,M L N M O M ; Habit a t : T; Effect Codes : CEL; Rej ectio n Code : N O E N DP OI NT( A L L C H EM S) 23. Am er, S. M a n d Fa rah, O. R ( 1 968) Cytol ogi cal E ffects of Pesticides II I. M e iotic E ffe cts of N Methyl-1-Na p hthyl Carbam a t e "Sevin" Cytologi a 3 3 : 33 7344 EcoRefe r ence No.: 44248 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : C EL,R E P; R e jec tion C ode : NO EN DPOIN T ( C BL) 24 An de rso n J. F. an d Wo jtas, M A. ( 1 98 6) Ho ney B ees ( H y m enoptera: A p idae ) C o nta m inated with Pesticides and Polychlo rinate d B i p h e n y l s. J.Econ .En t omo l 7 9 : 12 001205 Chem ical of C once r n: CBL, M OM ,M P,M L N, DZ,C HD ,ES Captan; Ha bitat : T; Rejecti o n C ode : NO C O NTROL(ALL CHEMS). 25. Andr awes N. R., Cha n cey, E L. Cra b tree, R. J., He rrett, R. A. a n d Weiden, M H. J. ( 1 972) Fate of Naph th yl-1 -14C Car b ar yl in Layin g C h ick e n s J.A g ric.F o od Che m 20 : 60 8-6 1 7 EcoRefe r ence No.: 35652 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : ACC; Rej ectio n Co d e : NO EN DPOIN T ( C BL) 26. Andr eu-M oliner, E S ., Alm a r, M M ., Lega rra, I ., a n d Nunez, A ( 1986). Toxicity of Some Ricefield Pesticides to t h e Crayfish P. c l arkii, Un der L a bo rato ry an d Field C o n d itions i n La ke Alb u fe ra (Sp a in) J. En vir o n. S c i.H e alth Part B 21: 5 2 9 5 37 Page 286 of 602

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EcoRefe r ence No.: 12517 Chem ical of C once r n: CBF,F NT,M L N ,TC F CBL,ES, HCCH,CuS,M LT; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR; Rej ection Code : LI TE EV AL COD E D( CBF) ,N O M I XT URE(M LT), O K(CBL) NO EN DP O I N T (CuS). 27. Applegate, V C., H o well, J. H., Hall, A. E. Jr., an d Sm ith, M A. ( 1 95 7 ). To xicity of 4, 3 4 6 C h em icals to Lar v al Lam p reys a n d Fis h es. S p ec. Sci.R e p.Fis h .N o. 20 7 Fish Wildl. Se rv., U. S. D. I., Washington, D.C. 15 7 p. EcoRefe r ence No.: 638 C h em ical of C once r n: 2 4 DX Y, D Z H CCH M LN, M P, A C L, NAA ,N YP, C ST ,Cu,RTN,NaN3,Ni,CuS,PC P,NaP C P,NaC r,DB AC,Z n, A TZ,Cd,Na I D P b ,As,DCB,CBL; Hab itat : A ; Ef fect Codes : BEH,M O R; Rej ectio n Code : N O E N DP OI NT( A L L C H EM S) 2 8 Ar eeku l, S. (198 6) Tox i city to Fish es of In s ecticides Use d in Pa ddy Fields and Water Re sources I. Lab o rato ry E x perim e nt. Kasetsart J. 20 : 164 17 8 ( T h i ) ( E n g Ab s) ; C.A.Sel.Env i r o n Po llu t.1 2 : 1 06190 732T (1 987 ). EcoRefe r ence No.: 283 User De fine 2: ECOT OX M E D, WA SH ,CA L F,CORE Chem ical of C once r n: CBL,C PY, D S DZ ,M L N ,PRT ,A DC; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR; Rej ectio n Code : NO FO REIG N. 29 Ar ora N. a n d Kuls hrest h a, S. K. ( 1 9 8 4 ) C o m p arison of th e To xic E ffects o f T w o Pesticides o n the Testes of a Fre s h Water Teleost Channa striatus BL. Acta Hydr oc him Hy dro b i o l. 12: 4 3 5 44 1. EcoRefe r ence No.: 11260 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ,E S; Ha bitat : A; Ef fect Codes : C EL, PH Y; R e jectio n C o de : NO EN DPOIN T ( C BL, E S). 30 Ar ora N. a n d Kuls hrest h a, S. K. ( 1 9 8 5 ) E f f ects of C h ro nic Ex p o su re t o S ublethal D o ses o f T w o Pesticides on Alkaline and Ac id Phosphatase Activities in t h e Intestine of a Fresh Water Teleost, C h an n a striatus B L ( C han n idae ). A c ta Hy dr oc him Hy dro b i o l. 13: 6 1 9 62 4. EcoRefe r ence No.: 11306 C h em ical of C once r n: ES,C B L ; Ha bitat : A; Ef fect Codes : BCM; Rej ectio n Cod e : NO EN DPOIN T ( C BL, E S). 31. Arunachalam S., Palanicham y, S., and Bala subr am anian, M. P. (1985). Effect of Carbaryl on Esterases i n the Air-Breathi ng Fi s h C h an na pu nctatus (B lo ch) P r oc .I ndi an Acad.Sci.(Ani m .Sci.) 94: 73 7 7 EcoRefe r ence No.: 12459 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : B C M; Rej ection Code : NO EN DPOIN T ( C BL) 32. Arunachalam S., Palanicham y, S. Vasa nt hi, M ., a n d B a s k a r an P ( 1 99 0 ) The Im pact of Pesticides o n the Feeding Energetics and B ody C o m position in t h e Freshwater Catfish Mystus vittatus. In : R.Hir a n o a n d I H any u ( E ds.) Proc. o f the 2 n d Asia n Fish eries Fo rum, Ap r.17 -22 19 89 Toky o, J a pa n, Asian Fishe r ies S o ciety, M ani la, P h ilippi nes 9 39941 EcoRefe r ence No.: 4046 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L M LN; Habitat : A; Effect Codes : BE H, GR O,P H Y,BCM ; Page 287 of 602

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Rej ectio n Code : N O E N DP OI NT( A L L C H EM S) 33 Asp o c k H. a n d An de r La n, H. (1 9 6 3 ) O k o l ogisc he Aus w irk u n g e n un d P h y s iolo gische B e son d e r heite n des Pflanzenschutzm itte ls Sevin (1 -Naphtyl-N-Methylcarba m a t). Z.A n ge w.Zool. 50 : 343 -38 0 (GER )(E N G A B S). EcoRefe r ence No.: 59316 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; R e j ection Code : NO FOREIGN. 34. Atiri, G. I., I vbijar o M F. a n d Oladele, A. D. (1 9 9 1 ) Ef fe cts of Nat u ral a n d Sy nt hetic C h em icals on the Incide nce a n d Se verity of Okra M o saic Vir u s in O k ra. Trop.Agric 68 : 178 -18 0 EcoRefe r ence No.: 75423 C h em ical of C once r n: DM T AZD C B L ,LC Y T,C Y P; Ha b itat : T; Effect Codes : P HY; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V A L CO DED ( AZ D), O K(CBL, L CYT) ,N O MIXT URE(DMT,CYP ) ,T ARGET(CBL ). 3 5 Atk i ns, E. L. an d Kellu m D. ( 198 6) C o m p ar ativ e Morphogenic a n d T o xicity Studies on the E ffect of Pesticid es on Hon e yb ee Broo d. J. Ap ic R e s 25 : 2 42255 EcoRefe r ence No.: 70351 Chem ical of C once r n: DZ ,CP Y ,E N,CBL, E S ; Ha bitat : T; Rej ection Code : TAR G ET (DZ). 36 Atlaviny te, O., Daciuly t e, J ., and L uga us kas A. (1977). The Effect of L u m b ricidae on Plant Hum i fication a n d S o il O r ga ni sm Bioceno s es U nde r Ap plic ation of Pesticides. Ec ol.B ull. 25 : 2 22228 EcoRefe r ence No.: 70733 C h em ical of C once r n: SZ,C B L ; Ha bitat : T; Effect Codes : GR O,P O P B E H,BCM ; Rejection C ode : N O E N DP OI NT( A LL CHEM S ) 37 Atterby H ., K e rins, G M a n d M acNic oll, A. D. ( 2 0 0 5 ) Wh ole-C a rcass R e sidue s of t h e R o denticide Difenacoum in Anticoagu lant-Resistant and -Susceptible R a t Strains (Rattus norvegicus). Environ.Toxic o l.Che m 24 : 31 8-3 2 3 EcoRefe r ence No.: 79379 C h em ical of C once r n: D F M C B L ; Ha bitat : T; E ffect Codes : AC C ; R e jection C ode : NO EN DPOIN T (DFM) 38 Awast hi, M D ( 1 99 0) S o il R e tention a n d Plant U p take o f S o il A p plied Gra n ular P h ora t e and Car b ar yl. I n dian J.Pl ant Prot 18 : 2 19223 EcoRefe r ence No.: 78830 C h em ical of C once r n: PR T,C B L; Ha bitat : T; Effect Codes : AC C ; R e je ction C ode : NO ENDPOINT(PRT,CBL) TAR G ET( CBL) 39 B a bcoc k, J. M an d Ta nig o s h i, L. K ( 1 98 8 ) R e sistance Le v e ls of Ty p h lo d r om us occi dent alis (Aca ri: Phy t oseiidae ) f r om Washi ngt on A p ple O r c h ards to Ten Pes ticides. Ex p.A ppl. A car o l. 4: 15 1 15 7. EcoRefe r ence No.: 74105 C h em ical of C once r n: C H X, FTT,P P G AZ D Z,M O M C B L ,FN V E S,M D T; Ha bitat : T; Effect C ode s : MOR; Rej ection C ode : TAR G ET (DZ ) 4 0 Bah l A. K. and Po m e r o y, B. S. ( 197 8) Acute Tox i city in Poults Associated w ith Carbaryl Insecticide. Avian Dis. 22 : 5 26528 Page 288 of 602

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EcoRefe r ence No.: 35705 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : M O R,ACC; Rej e ctio n C o d e : NO EN DPOIN T ( C BL) 4 1 Baid in a, N. L. ( 199 4) In activatio n o f Heav y Metals b y Hum u s an d Zeo lites in a Technog en ically Polluted Soil. Poc h vove de nie 0 : 1 21125 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Rej ection Code : NO SPEC I ES ,NO TOX DAT A 42. Bajpai, V N. a n d Pe rti, S. L. ( 196 9) Resistan ce to Malathion. Pesticides 3 : 4345 EcoRefe r ence No.: 60753 Chem ical of C once r n: M L N DZ, D L D DDT ,HCCH ,CBL,F NTH; H a bitat : A; Effect Codes : M O R ; R e jectio n C ode : NO CO N T RO L( ALL CH EMS) 43. Bakalian, A. B. (1985). T h e Use of Se vin on Est u ari n e Oyster Beds in Tillam ook Bay, Oregon. C oast. Zo ne M a n a g e.J. 13 : 49 -83 EcoRefe r ence No.: 60754 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; R e j ection Code : N O DUR ATI O N N O T O X DAT A. 44 B a ktha vathsala m R ., M u r uga bo o p athy N. a n d Ka rn an, P. (1 987 ). Ef f ects o f Carb of ur an o n Cer t ain Tissues o f the Fish Le pid o ce phalicht hy s the r m a lis. Aq u a t. Sci.Fish .A bstr. 17( 11 Pt. 1 ) : 16 59 6 1Q 1 7 / E n viro n.Ec ol. 5: 21 621 9. there is no a b st ract attached to the cover sheet. it has fallen off// EcoRefe r ence No.: 11859 User De fine 2: TITLE M E D, WA SH ,CAL F C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ,C B F ; Ha bitat : A; E ffect C o des : C EL; R e je ction C ode : NO ABSTRAC T 45 B a lasub r am anian, S. a n d R a m a swam i, M (1 99 1 ) E ffect of Pesticide Se vin on Acetylchol inesterase (AchE) Activity in Di fferent Tissues of Ore o chrom i s m o ss a m bicus (Peters). J.Ecobiol. 3: 1 17122 EcoRefe r ence No.: 7521 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : B C M; Rej ection Code : NO EN DPOIN T ( C BL) 46 B a ldwin N. A. an d B e nnett, J R (1 9 9 0 ) Ev aluation o f C h em ical Tr eatm e nts f o r I n hibition o f Ear t hwor m Ca stin g in Am en i t y Tu rf Tests Agrochem.C ultiv. 11 : 1415 EcoRefe r ence No.: 40463 C h em ical of C once r n: Fe,R T N ,C uS, K PM ,C BL,CHD ,SFR; Ha bitat : T; Effect C ode s : PHY; Rej ectio n Code : NO OM, E R E,OK T A RGET(ALL C H E M S). 47 B a rcelo, J. a n d Posc he nrie der C (1 9 9 2 ) Pla n t R e sp o n ses t o Heavy M e tal C o ntam ination (R esp u estas de las Plantas a la Contamin acion p o r M e tales Pesa dos ). Su elo Pla n ta 2: 3 4 5 36 1. EcoRefe r ence No.: 56498 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; R e j ection Code : N O N E NGL I S H,T A R G ET ( CBL). 48. Barke r J L ( 1 964). An E v aluation of th e Ef f ect of Se vin u p o n Fish a n d S o m e Aq uatic Macroinve r tebrates. N e w Je r s ey De p. of C o n s ervatio n an d Econ omic Dev., Div.o f Fish an d Page 289 of 602

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Ga me, Fish .Re s .a nd De v. Section, Misc.Re p N o. 26 12 p EcoRefe r ence No.: 15678 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : POP; Rej ection Code : NO EN DPOIN T ( C BL) 4 9. Bar o n i a, A K ., Sah a i, Y. N an d Sh ar m a J. D. (1 9 9 2 ) Hist opat hol ogical Alterations I n d u ced by Carbaryl in the Ad re nals of R a t. J.Ecobiol. 4: 2 0 1 2 03 EcoRefe r ence No.: 86936 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : C EL; Rej ection Code : NO EN DPOIN T ( C BL) 50. Barua, B. a n d Jana, S. (1986). Effects of He a v y Metals on Dark Induced Changes i n Hill Reaction Activity, Chlorophyll and Protein Contents, Dr y Matter and Tissue Permeability in Det ached Spinacia olerac ea L. Le aves Photosynthetica 20: 7 4 7 6. C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Rej ection Code : NO I N VITR O 51 B a sak, P. K. a n d K o nar S K ( 1 97 6) P o llut i on o f Water b y Pesticides an d P r otectio n of Fishes: Parathi o n. Proc.Na tl.Acad.S c i.I n d i a Sect.B (Biol.Sci.) 46 : 3 82392 EcoRefe r ence No.: 60982 C h em ical of C once r n: DDT ,HCC H,E S ,EN A N D D M T ,PRN,M P, M L N,P P H D ,C BL,Cu,Ca ptan, F NT; Ha bitat : A; Effect C ode s : MOR,BEH,CEL,GR O, REP; Rej ectio n Code : OK(PR N ),NO SU RVEY( DDT, H CCH, E S, EN ,A ND ,D MT,MP, MLN,PPHD,CBL,C u Cap t an ,FNT) 52. Baydina, N. L. (1996). In activation of Heavy Metals by Hu m u s and Zeolites in Industri ally Contam inated Soil. Eurasi an Soil Sci. 28 : 96 -10 5 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Rej ection Code : NO M I XTUR E,SPEC I ES 53. Beavis, C. Si m p son, P., Sym e J., a n d Ryan, C ( 1 99 1 ) C h em icals fo r the P r otectio n of Field C r o p s, For a ge C r ops and Past ures Qu een s la nd Dep o f Prima r y In d.In fo.S er.No.QI9 100 6, I n fop e st: Chemicals for the Protection of Field Crops, Fora ge Crops, and Past ures, 2nd Edition, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia 31 2 p. C h em ical of C once r n: PIM M O M TB O,EF V, DM ,M B,TCF,PP H N ADC, A Z CBL, D Z,F N T ES ,P M R ,DU AT Z, GY P, PAQ T B MN, S Z, CPY, DDV P, TDC,BDC; Hab itat : T; R e je ction C ode : NO TO X DA TA. 54. Beavis, C. Si m p son, P., Sym e J., a n d Ryan, C ( 1 99 1 ) C h em icals fo r the P r otectio n of Fr uit an d N u t Cr op s. Q u ee ns lan d Dep of Pr imary I n d I n fo S er.N o. QI 9 1 0 0 4 I n fo pest: C h emicals f o r the Protection of Field Crops, Forage Crops, an d Pastures, 2nd Edition, Brisbane, Queensl a nd, Australia 31 2 p. C h em ical of C once r n: PIM M O M TB O,EF V, DM ,M B,TCF,PP H N ADC, A Z CBL, D Z,F N T ES ,P M R ,DU AT Z, GY P, PAQ T B MN, S Z, CPY, DDV P, TDC,BDC; Hab itat : T; R e je ction C ode : NO TO X DA TA. 55 B eavis, C Si m p son, P., Sy m e J., a n d R y an, C ( 1 99 1 ) C h em icals fo r the P r otectio n of O r nam e ntals and T u rf. Q u e e nsla n d Dep of Prim ary In d. I n fo. S er .N o. Q I 9 1 0 0 3 I n fo pest: C h e m icals fo r the Protection of Field Crops, Forage Crops, an d Pastures, 2nd Edition, Brisbane, Queensl a nd, Australia 31 2 p. Page 290 of 602

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C h em ical of C once r n: PIM M O M TB O,EF V, DM ,M B,TCF,PP H N ADC, A Z CBL, D Z,F N T ES ,P M R ,DU AT Z, GY P, PAQ T B MN, S Z, CPY, DDV P, TDC,BDC; Hab itat : T; R e je ction C ode : NO TO X DA TA. 56 B eavis, C Si m p son, P., Sy m e J., a n d R y an, C ( 1 99 1 ) C h em icals fo r the P r otectio n of Ve getable Cr op s. Q u ee ns lan d Dep of Pr imary I n d I n fo S er.N o. QI 9 1 0 0 5 I n fo pest: C h emicals f o r the Protection of Field Crops, Forage Crops, an d Pastures, 2nd Edition, Brisbane, Queensl a nd, Australia 31 2 p. C h em ical of C once r n: PIM M O M TB O,EF V, DM ,M B,TCF,PP H N ADC, A Z CBL, D Z,F N T ES ,P M R ,DU AT Z, GY P, PAQ T B MN, S Z, CPY, DDV P, TDC,BDC; Hab itat : T; R e je ction C ode : NO TO X DA TA. 5 7 Beck L. an d Du m p er t, K. (198 4) Ver g leichen d e Oko l og isch e Un ter s u c hu ng e n in Eine m Buchenwal d nach Einwirkung von Um weltchem ikalien. Pro j ekt: Method en zu r Oko l og ich e Bewertun g von C h e m ikali e n ( V o o rt ga n g sra pp orta ge Ja n. '8 2 J uni '8 4 ) C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Rej ection Code : NO ARC H I V E 58 B e hki, R M ( 1 9 9 4 ) D e g r ad ation of Thi o ca rbam ate Herbi c ides a n d O r ga no p hos p h o r u s Insecticides by Rhodococc us Species. In: G.R.Chau dh ry (Ed ) Bio l og ical Degrada tio n o f Bio r emed ia tio n o f Toxic C h emic als, Chapter 11, Dios cori des P r ess, P o rtland, OR 234 -2 55 C h em ical of C once r n: TR L,C Y C V N T B T Y, MX C,G F S, AN D, CBL, M LT ,EPTC; Ha bitat : T; Rej ectio n Code : N O BAC T ERIA 59 B e hre ndt, S. a n d M e nc k, B H. (1 9 7 4 ) He r b icid al Spectrum and Effect of B e ntaz on D ichlo r p r o p with Special Consideration of Developm ental Stag es of W e e d s Tem p erature at Tim e of Ap plication an d R a in fall B e f o re an d Afte r Ap plication ( W i r ku n g ss pekt rum un d Wir k un g v o n Ben t azon + Dich lor p r o p un ter Beso nd er er B e r u ck sich tigung d e r Unk r au tstad i en d e r Tem p eratur z u m Zeipunkt u n d der Nie d ersc hlage v o n u n d nach de r B e ha ndl un g ) Z Pflanze n kr.Pfl anz ensc h u tz 8 1 : 2 57264 EcoRefe r ence No.: 30146 C h em ical of C once r n: B T D P P 1,C B L ; Ha bi tat : T; Rej ection Code : NO FOREIGN. 60. Bellows, T. S. Jr. a n d M o rse J. G (1993). T oxic ity of Insecticides Used i n Citrus to Aphytis Melinus debac h ( H y m eno p tera: A p he linidae) a n d R h izo b ius lo pha nthae (B laisd. ) (C oleo ptera: Coccinellidae). Can.Entomol. 1 25: 9 8 7 99 4. EcoRefe r ence No.: 59334 Chem ical of C once r n: MOM,AZ,BF T ,EF V FPP,FVL CBL ,TDC,M VP,Na l ed,TCF; Ha bitat : T; Effect Codes : M O R ; R e jection C ode : OK (M OM ),T A R G E T (F VL B FT,EF V ) 61. Bernard, F. J. and Lane, C. E. (1961). Absorp tion and Excretion of Copper Io n During Settle m e nt and Meta m o rphosi s of th e Barnacle, Balanus Am phitrite niveus. Bi ol.B ull. 1 21: 4 3 8 44 8. C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; Rej ection Code : NO D U RA TI ON 6 2 Beysl 'Ho e st, B. (1 991 ). Po llu tio n of Eco s y s te m s by Ac rid i an C o ntr o l Measures (La Pollution des Ecosystem e s par la Lutte Antiacridienne). Nat.Belg. 7 2 : 4164 ( F RE) EcoRefe r ence No.: 71631 C h em ical of C once r n: HC C H ,DL D D Z,C B L ; Ha bitat : T; Rej ection Code : NO FO REIG N. 63 B h ar dwa j A C an d R a kes h Sha r m a (20 0 0 ) Pr ed ato r y Resp on se of Naiad of Pan t ala f l avescen s Fabr Page 291 of 602

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(Odonata) Under Fe nvalerate and Carbaryl C onst r ain. J. Ex p.Z o ol.( In dia) 3: 1 1 5 1 17 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; Rej ection Code : NO S OURCE. 6 4 Bh attach ar ya, S. (20 01) Str e ss Respon se to Pesticides and Heavy Metals i n Fish and Other Verte b rates. P I N S A B: Pr oc. I nt. I n d ia n N a tl.Sci.Ac a d .P art B 67 : 2 1 5 24 6. EcoRefe r ence No.: 70123 C h em ical of C once r n: EN ,ES DL D,T X P H g ,C d,PC B D D T, HC C H A ND A s,C B L ; Ha bitat : A; R e jectio n C ode : NO REVI EW 65. Bhattacharya, S. (1993). Target and Non-Ta rget Effects of Anticho linesterase Pesticides in Fish. Sci.Total Environ.(Suppl.) 85 98 7 6 EcoRefe r ence No.: 4311 User De fine 2: ECOT OX M E D, WA SH ,CA L F C h em ical of C once r n: C B F ,C B L ,M P; Habit a t : A; E ffect Codes : BCM,MOR; Rej ection C ode : NO C O NTROL. 66. Bielecki, K. and Skrabka, M. ( 197 6) Eff ect o f So m e Herb icid es o n Ph o t osyn th esis o f Spir od ela polyrrhiza (Le m naceae). Act a A g r o bot. 29 : 59 -68 (POL) (EN G A B S) EcoRefe r ence No.: 30665 C h em ical of C once r n: SZ,C B L ; Ha bitat : A; Rej ection C o de : NO F O RE IG N. 67. Bills, T. D. and Marking, L. L. (1988). C o ntrol of Nu isance Populations of Cr ayfish with Traps and Toxicants. Prog.Fish-Cult. 50 : 103 -10 6 EcoRefe r ence No.: 7603 C h em ical of C once r n: ED T,C B L,M L N,C Y F C u ,C uS,R T N N aN 3, ATM C Y F; Ha bitat : A; Effect C ode s : MOR; Rej ection C ode : NO CO N T RO L( ALL CH EMS) 68. Bittar, E. E. and Wu, J. R. (1993). Infl uence of Pentachloro phenol on Light Em ission from Single Bar n acle M u scle Fib e r s Pr eload e d with Aequ or in. En v i ro n. H e a lth P e rs p e c t 1 01: 6 2 2 62 5. C h em ical of C once r n: PC P,C B L; Ha bitat : A; Rej ection C ode : NO IN VI TRO. 69 B lickenstaff C C a n d S k oo g F. E. ( 1 9 7 4 ) In secticides Te sted Vers us Grasshoppe rs: C o rrelations Between Resu lts o f Gr ound an d Aer i al App licatio n s J.Econ .En t omo l 67: 1 2 7 12 9. EcoRefe r ence No.: 71348 C h em ical of C once r n: C P Y C B L,DZ; Ha bitat : T; Rej ection C ode : TAR G ET (DZ ) 7 0 Blu zat, R. and Seug e, J. ( 1979 ). Ef f ects o f Th r e e In secticides ( L in d a n e Fen t h i on and C a r b ar yl) o n th e Acute To xicity to F o ur A q uatic I nve rteb rate Species a n d th e C h r o nic T oxi city Environ.Pollut 18 : 5 1 -7 0 ( F RE) (ENG AB S) EcoRefe r ence No.: 5589 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : CBL,HCCH,FNTH; Hab itat : A; Effect C ode s : MOR,REP; Rej ectio n C ode : NO FOREIGN (ALL CHEMS). 7 1 Blu zat, R. and Seug e, J. ( 1979 ). Stu d y o f the Ch ron i c To x i city o f Two In secticid es Car b ar yl and Linda ne on the F-1 Generation of Lym n aea sta gnalis (Mollusca Gastropoda Pulm onata) 1. Hydr o b iol ogi a 65: 2 4 5 25 5 (F R E ) ( E N G AB S). EcoRefe r ence No.: 6776 Page 292 of 602

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Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : CBL,HCCH; Hab itat : A; Rej ection Code : NO FOREIGN. 7 2 Bo do la, A. ( 19 68) Th e Eff e ct th e App licatio n of Se vin to a Stream had on Som e I m m a ture Insect Species. Bur Sport Fish Wildl Unpubl Rep 48 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; Rej ection Code : NO ARC H I V E 73 B ogac k a, T. a n d Gr ob a, J (1 9 8 0 ) To xicity and B i o d eg radat i on o f C h l o r f e nvi np h o s, C a r b ary l an d Pr opo xur in Water Env i ron m en t. Bro m atol. C hem To ksykol 13 : 1 51158 (POL) (ENG ABS) EcoRefe r ence No.: 6191 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : PHY,BCM,MOR; Rej ection Code : NO FOREIGN( CBL) 74. Bogaerts, P., Bohatier, J., and Bonnem oy, F. (2001). Use of th e Ciliated Protozoan Tetrahym ena pyriform is for the Assessm ent of Toxicity and Quantitative St ructure-Activity Relationships of Xe n obi otics: C o m p ariso n with the Microtox Test. Ecot oxicol.E nvir on .S af. 4 9 : 29 3-30 1. EcoRefe r ence No.: 62033 C h em ical of C once r n: Hg,Cd,C u S Cr AC,Z n,M n ,Fe Pb,C o, Ni,A s,C B L,M L N, PRN HCCH ,DM A TZ,D U PL, Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : POP; Rej ection Code : L I TE EV A L CODE D( AT Z, CuS,Cr AC) N O P U BL AS (P CP,NaPC P ), O K ( A LL CHEM S). 75 B o lhar N o r de n k am pf, H. R ( 1 9 7 5 ) C h a n ge s in C h lorophyll Content i n Ontogenetically Diffe re nt Leaves of Phas eolus Vu lgaris Var. Nanus L. After At razine Application (Die Veranderungen des C h lorophyllgehaltes in On toge netisch ve r s chiede ne n B l a ttern vo n Phas eolus v u lga r is var na n nus l. n ach B e han d lu n g m it Atrazin). Bioc he m.P h y s io l.Pflanz.(BPP) 167: 41 6 4 EcoRefe r ence No.: 30772 C h em ical of C once r n: AT Z,C B L; Ha bitat : T; Rej ection C ode : NO FOR EIGN. 7 6 Bo on e, M. D. an d Jam e s, S. M. (2 003 ) In ter acti ons of an Insecticide, Herb icide, and Nat u ral Stressors in Am phibia n C o m m unity Mesoc o sm s. Ecol.App l. 1 3 : 82 9841 EcoRefe r ence No.: 81455 C h em ical of C once r n: AT Z,C B L; Ha bitat : AT; Effect C o des : GRO,MOR; Rej ection Code : LITE EVAL C ODE D(AT Z),OK(ALL C H E M S). 77. Borkowski, J. and Ja nkiewicz, L. S. (1979). Inhibition of Spinach B o lting by Gr owt h Regulators. Act a Agr o bot. 32 : 23 3-2 3 8 EcoRefe r ence No.: 30264 C h em ical of C once r n: M L H C B L ; Ha bitat : T; E ffect Codes : GR O; R e jection C ode : OK(MLH),NO COC(F A ME ),TARGET(CB L). 78. Bossard, R. L., Dry d en, M. W ., and Broce, A. B. ( 2002). Insecticide Susc eptibilities of C a t Fleas (Sip h ona ptera: Pulicidae ) f r o m Severa l Regions of the Uni t ed States. J.M e d.Entomol. 39 : 7 42746 EcoRefe r ence No.: 68605 User De fine 2: NE W PPB C h em ical of C once r n: P Y T,P M R C B L ,M LN,P PB ; Ha bit a t : T; Effect Codes : MOR; Rej ectio n Code : N O M I XT URE(P PB). 79. Bowm an, J. S. and Bar r y, D. W. ( 1 988) C o ntr o l of Lep i dop tero u s Larv ae on Late Season Sweet C o rn Page 293 of 602

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with Fo liar Sprays, 198 7. Ins ectic.Acaric.Te sts 13 : 113 -114 ( N o 37 E) C h em ical of C once r n: C P Y M P ,C YF ,C YP F N V ,EF V P M R ,M OM ,T DC, CBL; Ha bitat : T; Rej ectio n Code : NO DUR ATION(C P Y,F N V,TAR G ET -ALL C H EMS ) 8 0. Bo w m an M. C. O ller, W L. Cairn s T. Go snell, A. B. an d O liv er K. H ( 198 1) Str e ssed Bio a ssay Sy stem s for R a pid Scree n in g of Pesticide R e sidues Part I: Eval uation of Bioassay System s. Arch. E nvir on C ont am .T oxico l 10 : 9-2 4 EcoRefe r ence No.: 2192 C h em ical of C once r n: AT Z,C B L,H g C l 2, DL D,PR N,M a neb ; Ha bitat : A; Effect C ode s : M O R ; R e jectio n C ode : NO CO N T RO L( ALL CH EMS) 81 B o zsik, A ( 19 91 ). Ef fect o f Ch em cia l s o n Aph i dop h a go us In sects: Resp on se of Adu lts of Co mm o n Gree n Lace wing C h rysope rla carnea to Pesticides. I n : L.P o lgar et al.( Eds ) Behavio ur a n d I m p a ct o f Aph i d oph aga 4 t h Meet.o f th e IOBC W.G.Eco l og y o f Ep h i d opha ga S e p t .1 990, Godo llo Hu nga ry, S P B Aca d .Pub l. B.V., Th e Hagu e, Neth erla nd s 29 7304 EcoRefe r ence No.: 76482 C h em ical of C once r n: D M T CF, CBL,ES, MD T, MLX, EPH, PH SL, A MZ, C ap tan, DO D, Zin e b FRM, PCZ; H a b i tat : T; Effect C ode s : MOR; Rej ection C ode : N O C ONTR O L ( A L L CHEM S ) ,T ARGE T(CBL) 82 B r an do n, P. C an d El gersm a O. ( 1 9 7 3 ) E f f ects of alp h a-B e nzy l -alp ha-B r o m o -M alodinit r ile o n the Prim ary Electron Acce pto r of Ph otosy s tem II in S p inac h C h lo ro plasts. Biochi m.Bi op hys Acta 2 9 2 : 7 53762 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Rej ection Code : NO I N VITR O 83. Brattsten, L B. H o lyoke, C W. Jr. Lee p er J. R. a n d Raf f a K F ( 1986) Insecticide Re sistance: C h allenge to P e st M a nagem e nt an d B a sic R e search Scie n c e 23 1 : 12 5512 60 EcoRefe r ence No.: 72033 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L DDT ,A N D ,P Y N D Z,P P B,PR N,M P ,ACP; Habitat : T; Rej e ction C ode : N O RE VIE W 84 B r attsten, L B an d M e tcalf, R L. ( 1 9 7 3 ). Age-Dependent Variations i n th e Respon se of Sev e r a l Species of Di ptera to Insecticidal Chem icals Pestic.Bi o chem.P hysiol. 3 : 1 89198 EcoRefe r ence No.: 87381 Chem ical of C once r n: DL D, AN D, PPB,CB L ; Ha bitat : T; Effect Codes : PHY,ACC,M O R; Rej ectio n Code : NO CONTROL( CBL ,D LD ,A ND ,PPB). 85. Brattsten, L B. and Metcalf, R. L. (1970). T h e Sy nergistic Ratio of Carbaryl with Piper o ny l B u to xide as an Indicator of the Distribut i on of Multifunction Ox idases in t h e Insecta. J.Econ .En t omo l 63: 1 0 1 10 4. EcoRefe r ence No.: 39905 C h em ical of C once r n: PPB ,C B L ; Ha bitat : T; Effect Codes : M O R ; R e jection C ode : NO CONTR O L,M I XTURE( PPB),OK( CBL),TARGET( CBL) 86. Brecke n ri dge A. M Lec k J. B., P a r k B K. Se rlin, M J. and W ils on, A. ( 1 978). M echa n ism s of Action of t h e Anticoagulants W a rfarin, 2C h lo ro -3 -P hy ty lnap hth o qui no n e (C lK), Acenoc oum arol, Brodifac oum and Difenacoum in the Rabbi t. Br.J .P har m a col. 6 4 : 39 9P EcoRefe r ence No.: 75568 Page 294 of 602

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C h em ical of C once r n: B D F WF N, DFM C B L; Ha bitat : T; Rej ection C ode : NO EN DPOIN T C O N T RO L( ALL CH EMS) 87. Bressa, G. Br onzi, P ., R o m a no, P., Carm ignato, F ., D o ri ni, M ., a n d Sisti, E. ( 1 996). C h lori nated Pesticides and PCB Content i n T h erm a l Aqu aculture of St urge on (Acipe ns er naccarii). Fo od Ad dit.C ont am 13: 8 4 3 85 0. C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; Rej ection Code : NO M I XTUR E,CO NC. 88. Bridges, C., Li ttle, E., Gardin er, D., Petty, J., and Hucki n s, J. (2004). Assessing the Toxicity and Teratogenicity of Pond Water in Nort h-C e ntr a l M i nnes o ta t o Am phibians Environ.Sci.Pollut.Res. 11: 2 3 3 2 39 C h em ical of C once r n: AT Z,C B L; Ha bitat : A; Rej ection C ode : N O EFF L UE NT. 89 B r idge s, T S and Fa rra r, J D. (1 9 9 7 ) T h e I n flue nce o f F o o d R a tio n o n Sedim e nt Toxi city in Neant h es a r ena ceode ntata (Annelida: Polychaeta). E n vir o n.Toxic o l.Che m 16 : 165 9-1 665. C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Rej ection Code : NO CO NC,SE D IM E N T. 90 B r idge s, T S and Fa rra r, J D. (1 9 9 7 ) T h e I n flue nce o f Wo rm Age, D u ratio n of E x p o su re a n d Endpoint Selection on Bioa ssay Sensitivity for Nea n thes areanaceode ntata (Annelida: Polychaeta). E n viron.Toxic o l.Chem. 16 : 1650 -16 5 8 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : AT; Rej ection Code : NO TOXICANT ,S EDIME N T CONC. 91 B r ingm ann, G an d Ku h n R (1 9 7 7 ) Lim iting Val u es for t h e Dam a ging Action of Wat e r Pollutants t o Bacteria (Pse udom onas putida) a n d Green Al gae (Scene d es m u s qua dricauda) in t h e Cell Multiplication Inhibition Test W a sser A b w a sser Forsch.10(3/4 ) : 87 -9 8 (G ER) (ENG ABS ) ; TR-8 0-0 400 TR78004 3, Litera tu re Resea r ch C o mpa n y ( G ER) ( E N G T R ANS L) (OEC D Data File). EcoRefe r ence No.: 7453 Chem ical of C once r n: CBL, H CCH,C r,CN F UR,C uS,BZ O A s, Ni,Cd,Se ,ATZ ,P b, AM S V ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : POP; Rej ection Code : N O FO REIG N( ALL CHEM S) ,LI T E EVA L CO DE D( O W -TR V -C u) 92 B r ingm ann, G an d Ku h n R (1 9 7 7 ) Lim iting Val u es for t h e Dam a ging Action of Wat e r Pollutants t o Bacteria (Pse udom onas putida) a n d Green Al gae (Scene d es m u s qua dricauda) in t h e. WasserAbw a sserFors ch. 10( 3/4) :87 98 ( G ER) ( E N G ABS ) ; TR-80040 0, TR-7 8-0 043 Litera tu re Researc h C o mpany (G ER)( EN G TRAN SL)( O E C D D a ta File) EcoRefe r ence No.: 7453 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : CBL,HCCH,C r CN,FUR,C u,CuS, BZO, As, N i,Cd,Se, ATZ, Pb; Habitat : A; E ffect C o des : PO P; R e je ction C ode : NO F O REIGN,LITE EVAL C ODE D(OW-T RVCu ) 93 B r ingm ann, G an d Ku h n R (1 9 7 7 ) Lim iting Val u es for t h e Dam a ging Action of Wat e r Pollutants t o Bacteria (Pse udom onas putida) a n d Green Al gae (Scene d es m u s qua dricauda) in t h e Cell Multiplication Inhibition Test W a sser A b w a sser Forsch.10(3/4) : 87 -9 8 (G ER) (ENG ABS ) / TR-8 0-0 400 TR78004 3, Litera tu re Resea r ch C o mpa n y ( G ER) ( E N G T R ANS L) (OEC D Data File). EcoRefe r ence No.: 7453 C h em ical of C once r n: Page 295 of 602

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CBL, H CCH, N aCr CN, F U R ,Cu S B ZO ,A s,N i C d, Se,A TZ,Pb A M SV ,N aBr Ag ,N aID C8 OH ,D CB; Hab itat : A; E ffect C o des : PO P; R e je ction C ode : NO F O REIGN(ALL C H EMS ) ,LITE EVA L CO DE D( O W -TR V -C u) 94 B r ingm ann, G an d Ku h n R (1 9 7 7 ) Lim iting Val u es for t h e Dam a ging Action of Wat e r Pollutants t o Bacteria (Pse udom onas putida) a n d Green Al gae (Scene d es m u s qua dricauda) in t h e Cell Multiplication Inhibition Test W a sser A b w a sser Forsch.10(3/4) : 87 -9 8 (G ER) (ENG ABS ) / TR-8 0-0 400 TR78004 3, Litera tu re Resea r ch C o mpa n y ( G ER) ( E N G T R ANS L) (OEC D Data File). EcoRefe r ence No.: 7453 C h em ical of C once r n: CBL, H CCH, N aCr CN, F U R ,Cu S B ZO ,A s,N i C d, Se,A TZ,Pb A M SV ,N aBr Ag ,N aID C8 OH ,D CB; Hab itat : A; E ffect C o des : PO P; R e je ction C ode : NO F O REIGN(ALL C H EMS ) ,LITE EVA L CO DE D( O W -TR V -C u) 95 B r ingm ann, G an d Ku h n R (1 9 7 7 ) Lim iting Val u es for t h e Dam a ging Action of Wat e r Pollutants t o Bacteria (Pse udom onas putida) a n d Green Al gae (Scene d es m u s qua dricauda) in t h e Cell Multiplication Inhibition Test Z Wasser-Abwasser-For s ch.10(3/ 4) :8 798 ( G ER) ( E N G ABS) / TR-8 0-0 400 TR78004 3, Litera tu re Resea r ch C o mpa n y ( E NG TRA N S L )( OEC D Data File) EcoRefe r ence No.: 7453 C h em ical of C once r n: CBL, H CCH, N aCr CN, F U R ,Cu S B ZO ,A s,N i C d, Se,A TZ,Pb A M SV ,N aBr Ag ,N aID C8 OH ,D CB; Hab itat : A; E ffect C o des : PO P; R e je ction C ode : NO F O REIGN(ALL C H EMS ) ,LITE EVA L CO DE D( O W -TR V -C u) 96 B r ingm ann, G an d Ku h n R (1 9 7 8 ) Lim iting Val u es for t h e Noxious Effects of W a te r Pollutant Material to Blue Algae (Microcystis aer uginosa) a n d Gree n Algae (Sce ne desm us quadricauda) i n Cell Propag ation Inhibition Tests (Gre nzwerte der Sc hadwirkung Wasse rge f ah r d ende r Stof fe G e gen B l aualge n (M icrocy stis aeru g in osa ) un d Gr un alge n (Sce nedesm us qua d r icau da) i m Zellverm ehrun g s h em m t est). V o m W a sser 50: 4 5 6 0. EcoRefe r ence No.: 19121 C h em ical of C once r n: AT Z,C B L,HC C H ,C r, C N ,F UR,CuS, B ZO, A s, Ni,Z n,A g ,Cd,P b A M SV; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : POP; Rej ection Code : N O FO REIG N( ALL CHEM S) ,LI T E EVA L CO DE D( O W -TR V -C u) 97 B r ingm ann, G an d Ku h n R (1 9 7 8 ) Lim iting Val u es for t h e Noxious Effects of W a te r Pollutant Material to Blue Algae (Microcystis aer uginosa) a n d Gree n Algae (Sce ne desm us quadricauda) i n Cell Propag ation Inhibition Test. V o m W a sser 50 : 45 -6 0. EcoRefe r ence No.: 19121 C h em ical of C once r n: AT Z,C B L,HC C H ,C r, CN,F UR,CuS, B ZO, A s, Ni,Z n,A g ,Cd,P b ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : POP; Rej ection Code : NO FOREIGN,L I TE EVAL CODE D( O W T RV-C u) 98 B r ingm ann, G an d Ku h n R (1 9 7 8 ) Lim iting Val u es for t h e Noxious Effects of W a te r Pollutant Material to Blue Algae (Microcystis aer uginosa) a n d Gree n Algae (Sce ne desm us quadricauda) i n Cell Propag ation Inhibition Tests (Gre nzwerte der Sc hadwirkung Wasse rge f ah r d ende r Stof fe G e gen B l aualge n (M icrocy stis aeru g in osa ) un d Gr un alge n (Sce nedesm us qua d r icau da) i m Zellverm ehrun g s h em m t est). V o m W a sser 50: 4 5 6 0. EcoRefe r ence No.: 19121 C h em ical of C once r n: ATZ,CBL ,HC C H,NaC r ,C N, FUR,C u S,BZ O, As, N i,Z n A g,C d ,P b, AM S V N aBr, Se, N aI D,C8O Page 296 of 602

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H, DCB; Ha bitat : A; E ffect Codes : POP; Rej ection Code : NO FO REIG N( ALL CHEMS),LIT E EVAL CODED(OW-TR V -Cu). 99 B r ingm ann, G an d Ku h n R (1 9 7 8 ) Lim iting Val u es for t h e Noxious Effects of W a te r Pollutant Material to Blue Algae (Microcystis aer uginosa) a n d Gree n Algae (Sce ne desm us quadricauda) i n Cell Propag ation Inhibition Tests (Gre nzwerte der Sc hadwirkung Wasse rge f ah r d ende r Stof fe G e gen B l aualge n (M icrocy stis aeru g in osa ) un d Gr un alge n (Sce nedesm us qua d r icau da) i m Zellverm ehrun g s h em m t est). V o m W a sser 50: 4 5 6 0. EcoRefe r ence No.: 19121 C h em ical of C once r n: ATZ,CBL ,HC C H,NaC r ,C N, FUR,C u S,BZ O, As, N i,Z n A g,C d ,P b, AM S V N aBr, Se, N aI D,C8O H, DCB; Ha bitat : A; E ffect Codes : POP; Rej ection Code : NO FO REIG N( ALL CHEMS),LIT E EVAL CODED(OW-TR V -Cu). 10 0. B r ingm ann, G an d Ku h n R (1 9 7 8 ) Lim iting Val u es for t h e Noxious Effects of W a te r Pollutant Material to Blue Al gae (Microcyst is aeruginosa ) and Gree n Algae (Sce ne desm us quadricauda) i n Cell Propag ation Inhibition Tests (Gre nzwerte der Sc hadwirkung Wasse rge f ah r d ende r Stof fe G e gen B l aualge n (M icrocy stis aeru g in osa ) un d Gr un alge n (Sce nedesm us qua d r icau da) i m Zellverm ehrun g s h em m t est). V o m W a sser 50: 4 5 6 0 ( G E R ) ( E NG A B S) (EN G TRAN SL) ( O ECDG ). EcoRefe r ence No.: 19121 C h em ical of C once r n: ATZ,CBL ,HC C H,NaC r ,C N, FUR,C u S,BZ O, As, N i,Z n A g,C d ,P b, AM S V N aBr, Se, N aI D,C8O H, DCB; Ha bitat : A; E ffect Codes : POP; Rej ection Code : NO FO REIG N( ALL CHEMS),LIT E EVAL CODED(OW-TR V -Cu). 10 1. B r ingm ann, G an d Ku h n R (1 9 7 8 ) Testin g of Su bsta nce s f o r Thei r T o x i city Thresh old : Model Organism s Microcystis (Di p locystis) aeruginosa a nd Scene d esm u s qua dricauda. Mitt.Int.Ver.Theor.Angew.Li mnol. 21 : 2 75284 ( A u t ho r Co m m u n i catio n Used ). EcoRefe r ence No.: 15134 C h em ical of C once r n: Be,Cd, Ag,CuS ,Ni,S F L, HgCl 2,ATZ L N R,P b ,CN,DNT,24DC,FRN,PL,CB Z ,MCRE,ETHB,FU R,NBZ,PHTH,3 CE,NP,AN,C BL C F,H CCH ,A TC,U r e a,CTC,Cr ,Cu,BZO,As,Se,AM SV; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : POP; Rej ection Code : N O E N DP OI NT( A LL CHEM S ) 10 2. B r ingm ann, G an d Ku h n R (1 9 7 8 ) Testin g of Su bsta nce s f o r Thei r T o x i city Thresh old : Model Organism s Microcystis (Di p locystis) aeruginosa a nd Scene d esm u s qua dricauda. Mitt.Int.Ver.Theor.Angew.Li mnol. 21 : 2 75284 ( A u t ho r Co m m u n i catio n Used ). EcoRefe r ence No.: 15134 C h em ical of C once r n: Be,Cd, Ag,CuS ,Ni,S F L, HgCl 2,ATZ L N R,P b ,CN,DNT,24DC,FRN,PL,CB Z ,MCRE,ETHB,FU R,NBZ,PHTH,3 CE,NP,AN,C BL ,CF,HCCH,ATC,Ur e a,CTC,Na Cr ,Cu,BZ O, As,Se AM S V N a Br ,NaI D,C8OH,DCB; Hab itat : A; E ffect Codes : POP; Rej ection Code : NO ENDPOINT(ALL CHEM S). 10 3. B r ingm ann, G an d Ku h n R (1 9 7 8 ) Testin g of Su bsta nce s f o r Thei r T o x i city Thresh old : Model Organism s Microcystis (Di p locystis) aeruginosa a nd Scene d esm u s qua dricauda. Mitt.Int.Ver.Theor.Angew.Li mnol. 21 : 2 75284 ( A u t ho r Co m m u n i catio n Used ). EcoRefe r ence No.: 15134 C h em ical of C once r n: Be,Cd, Ag,CuS ,Ni,S F L, HgCl 2,ATZ L N R,P b ,CN,DNT,24DC,FRN,PL,CB Z ,MCRE,ETHB,FU Page 297 of 602

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R,NBZ,PHTH,3 CE,NP,AN,C BL ,CF,HCCH,ATC,Ur e a,CTC,Na Cr ,Cu,BZ O, As,Se AM S V N a Br ,NaI D,C8OH,DCB; Hab itat : A; E ffect Codes : POP; Rej ection Code : NO ENDPOINT(ALL CHEM S). 10 4. B r ingm ann, G an d Ku h n R (1 9 7 8 ) Testin g of Su bsta nce s f o r Thei r T o x i city Thresh old : Model Organism s Microcystis (Di p locystis) aeruginosa a nd Scene d esm u s qua dricauda. Mitt.Int.Ver.Theor.Angew.Li mnol. 21 : 2 75284 ( A u t ho r Co m m u n i catio n Used ). EcoRefe r ence No.: 15134 C h em ical of C once r n: Be,Cd, Ag,CuS ,Ni,S F L, HgCl 2,ATZ L N R,P b ,CN,DNT,24DC,FRN,PL,CB Z ,MCRE,ETHB,FU R,NBZ,PHTH,3 CE,NP,AN,C BL ,CF,HCCH,ATC,Ur e a,CTC,Na Cr ,Cu,BZ O, As,Se AM S V N a Br ,NaI D,C8OH,DCB; Hab itat : A; E ffect Codes : POP; Rej ection Code : NO ENDPOINT(ALL CHEM S). 10 5. B r ingm ann, G an d Ku h n R (1 9 7 8 ) Th res h old Value s of Su bstances Ha rm ful to Wate r f o r Blue Al gae (M icrocystis aerug in osa) an d G r een Algae (Sce nede sm us qua d r icau da) i n Te s t s Measuri n g. Vom Wa sser 50 :45 60 (G ER) (ENG ABS ) Tr-80-0201, Literat u re Re searc h Co mp an y 22 p. (E NG TRANSL) (OECDG Data File). EcoRefe r ence No.: 2463 C h em ical of C once r n: AT Z,C B L,HC C H ,F U R ,C uS, A M S V; Ha bitat : A; Effect C ode s : M O R ; R e jectio n C ode : NO FO REIG N. 10 6. B r ingm ann, G an d Ku h n R (1 9 6 0 ) The Wa ter-Toxicological Detection of Insecticides (Zum Wasser T ox iko l og isch en Nach we is von Insektiziden). Ge sund. I ng. 8: 2 4 3 24 4 (G ER ) (EN G ABS) EcoRefe r ence No.: 58990 Chem ical of C once r n: DZ ,H CCH,M LN ,EN DL D, DD T, Ag,Cd,CBL; Ha bitat : A; Ef fect C odes : MOR; Rej ection Code : NO FO REIG N. 107. Brooks, K. M (1993). Im pacts on Benthic Invertebrate C o mmunities Caused by Aerial Application of Carbaryl to Control Burrowi n g Shrim p in Willapa Bay, WA. J.Shellfish Res. 1 2 : 14 6. C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; Rej ection Code : NO ABSTRACT( CBL) 1 0 8 Br o s ch ewitz, B., Rob e r K. C., an d Am elu n g D. ( 2000 ) Si m u latio n o f Dam a g e s on W i n t er Wheat Foll owi n g Im pro p e r U s age of Pesticides (Sim ulation vo n Scha d b ilder n a n Wi nter weizen nach U n sac h ge m a sser A p plik ation vo n Pfla n zensc hutzm itteln). Z.Pflanzenkr.Pflanzenschutz 17 : 315 -31 7 (GER) (ENG A B S) EcoRefe r ence No.: 63529 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; R e j ection Code : NO FOREIGN. 1 0 9 Br ow n, S. B. A d am s, B. A Cyr D. G and Eales, J. G. ( 2 0 04) C ontam inant Effects on the Teleost Fis h T h y r oid. E n viron.Toxicol.C h e m 23 : 168 0-1 7 0 1 EcoRefe r ence No.: 74683 C h em ical of C once r n: PCB,PA H,M R X, DDT ,E N,ES ,M B,CF,HCC H,M L N,F N T, M P ,N H, AL,C BF,CBL,CN Cd, A s,P b,Hg; Habitat : A; Rej ection Code : N O RE VIE W ,RE S I D UE,E FFECT 11 0. B r uc ker Da vis, F. (1 9 9 8 ) Ef f ects of E nvir o n m ental Sy nthet i c C h em icals o n T h y r oid Function. Thy r oid 8 : 82 7856 Page 298 of 602

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EcoRefe r ence No.: 84025 C h em ical of C once r n: TFN, TPZ TD P PY N, PYM PP B,PPM A l,Cd, P b, H g ,P HT H, DX N, FRN, HC B,PCB,BM N, CBL, CBF,A ND ,AC R ,DD T D CF, D LD,E S,E N H C C H,T X P, DM T FNT M L N M P ,CY H ,BFT ,F NV DM ,PCL,M BZ ,M ane b N aba m ,PDM ,PCNB,Zine b ATZ,Nf,PCP,ACO,D C P A,EFX,BMC,CTZ ,FNB,FPN; Habitat : T; R e je ction C ode : N O RE VIE W 11 1. B r u gge r, J. E. ( 1 9 7 3 ) C a m 1 : Usi n g Enzy m e s to Detect Insecticides. U.S.EP A, News of Environ.Research, Edison W a ter Quality 4 p. EcoRefe r ence No.: 89034 C h em ical of C once r n: PR N DD VP ,M LN ,C B L ; Ha bitat : T; Rej ection C ode : NO METHODS ( ALL CHEM S). 11 2. B r u n eau A. H. Wat k ins J. E. an d B r an de nb ur g, R L ( 1 99 2) I n teg r ated Pest M a na gem e nt. In : D.V Wa d d ingt on R N C a r r ow a n d R.C S h ea rm an ( E ds ) Agro no my N o 3 2 T u rf gras s Am. S oc. o f Ag r o n I n c. C r op S c i.Soc .of Am ., Soil Sci.S o c of Am. I nc ., Ma dis o n W I 5 01534 EcoRefe r ence No.: 87479 Chem ical of C once r n: CBL,E P,IF P,CP Y, DZ ,IZF ,TCF,B DC ; Ha bitat : T; Rej ection Code : NO REVIE W (ALL C H EMS ) 11 3. B u cha n a n D. V. (1 9 7 0 ) Ef fe cts of the Insecticide Sevi n on the Dungene s s Crab, Ca ncer m a gister Da na. Ph.D.Thesis, Oregon State University, C o rvallis, OR 53 p. EcoRefe r ence No.: 5579 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; R e j ection Code : N O P U BL AS 1 1 4 Bu ll, J. O. (197 6) Labor ato r y an d Field I n v e stigations wit h Dife naco um a P r om ising N e w Rodenticide. I n : Pr oc. 7 th Ve rt Pest C o nf M onterey 72 -84 EcoRefe r ence No.: 86456 C h em ical of C once r n: D F M WF N,C B L ; H a bitat : T; Effe ct Codes : MOR,CEL,PHY; Rej ectio n Code : NO CONTROL(ALL CHEMS) 115. Burnett, C. M. and Goldenthal E. I. (1988). Mu ltigenerati o n Reproduction and Carcinogenicity Studies in Sp ragueDa wley Rats Expose d To pically to Oxidative HairC o lo urin g Fo r m ulations C o nt aining p P h e n y l enediam i ne an d Othe r Ar om atic Am ines. Fo od Ch em.Toxico l 26: 4 6 7 47 4. C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Rej ection Code : NO M I XTUR E(CBL). 11 6. B u r r id ge, M J. Peter T. F. Allan, S. A. a n d M a ha n, S. M ( 2 0 0 2 ). E v a l uation o f Sa fe ty and Efficacy of Ac aricides for C o ntrol of the Af rican T o rtoise T i ck (Am b lyo m m a m a r m oreum ) on Le opa rd T o rtoises (Ge o c h elone pa rdalis) J.Zoo Wildl.Med. 33 : 5 2 57. EcoRefe r ence No.: 71543 Chem ical of C once r n: HCC H ,CPY,CBL ,CY F ,FM R ; Habit a t : T; Effect Codes : MOR,BEH; Rej ectio n Code : OK(ALL CHEMS),OK T A RGE T (C YF). 1 1 7 Bu tler G. L., Deaso n T. R., an d O'Kelley, J. C. ( 1975 ) Th e Ef f ect o f Atr azin e 2,4D, Meth ox ych l or Car b ar yl and Diazin o n on the Gr owth of Plan k t o n i c Algae. Br .P hycol.J 10: 3 71376 EcoRefe r ence No.: 7429 Page 299 of 602

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C h em ical of C once r n: 2 4 D X Y A TZ,C B L ,D Z; Ha bitat : A; Ef fect Codes : POP; Rej ection C ode : N O E N DP OI NT( A LL CHEM S ) 11 8. B u tler, P A. ( 1 96 3 ) C o m m e rcial Fisheries Investigatinons. Circ.No.167, Fish Wildl. Ser v ., Washington, D.C. 11 -2 5 EcoRefe r ence No.: 2188 C h em ical of C once r n: AZ,CBL, D Z H CCH,M LN ,Na l ed,PSM ,24D XY ,D S, DU ,PE B ,Fol pet,RTN FBM CHD D E M T XP,M R X ,ET N ,DZ A N D M C PA, H PT ,D DT D D V P EN ,CBL,M XC; Ha bitat : A; E ffect C odes : N O C, GRO,M O R,B E H,P H Y; Reje ction C ode : NO CONTR O L(ALL C H EMS ) 11 9. B u tler, P A. ( 1 96 3 ) C o m m e rcial Fisheries Investigations. C i rc.N o. 16 7, F i sh Wildl. Serv. Washington, D.C. 11 -2 5. EcoRefe r ence No.: 2188 C h em ical of C once r n: AZ,CBL, D Z H CCH,M LN ,Na l ed,PSM ,24D XY ,D S, DU ,PE B ,Fol pet,RTN FBM CHD D E M T XP,M R X ,ET N ,DZ A N D M C PA, H PT ,D DT D D V P EN ,CBL,M XC, O X D ; Ha bitat : A; E ffect C odes : N O C, GRO,M O R,B E H,P H Y; Reje ction C ode : NO CONTR O L(ALL C H EMS ) 12 0. B u tler, P A. ( 1 96 4 ) C o mmercial Fishery Investigations. In: Pesticide-W ild life Studies, 1963, U. S. D.I ., Fish an d Wildl.Serv .,C irc.1 9 9 28 p (A ut ho r C o m m unication Us ed) EcoRefe r ence No.: 646 C h em ical of C once r n: AZ,DS,HCCH,MLN,MP,Nale d,PRT 24DXY,CM PH ,D MT,D U, PEB,PSM,N TP,TXP, C BL; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : BE H PO P, MO R, G R O, A CC,SY S ; Rej ectio n Co d e : L I TE EV A L CODE D( PRT) ,O K( AZ) N O END P O I NT( D M T ). 121. Caj a raville, M. P., Marigo m e z, J. A., and Angulo, E. (198 9). Stability of 1-Napht hol i n Sea Water Sol u tions and Its Uptake by the Marine Prosobranch Gastropod Littori na littorea (L.). Bull.Envir o n.C ont am .T oxicol. 42 : 799 -80 6 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; Rej ection Code : NO SPEC I ES 122. Calvinho, P. J., Capela-Sil va F., Fra n ca, M B., Rafael, A ., Cabrita, A. M S., a n d Be ja, M L. M. (1 999 ) Liver Morp ho log y in Exp e r i m e n t al Ad m i n i str a tio n of 1 Nap h t hyl NMethylcarbamate. A n n u .Me e t .of the Profess i on al Res. Sci. o n Ex perime ntal Biolo g y, N o 9 9, Ap r.17 -21 19 99 Wa sh ing t on D.C., FAS E B J. 13 : A737 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Rej ection Code : NO ABS T RA CT,N O EN DPOIN T ( C BL) 12 3. C a m pbell, B C ( 1 9 8 8 ) T h e Effect of Plan t Gr owt h R e gula t ors a n d Her b i c ides on H o st Plant Quality to Insects. In: E.A.Heinrichs, Plant Stress-Insect Interactions John Wiley and Sons NY 20 5-2 4 7 EcoRefe r ence No.: 72128 C h em ical of C once r n: 2 4 D X Y A TZ, ACR,DMB,GYP,DU, CBL; Habitat : T; Rej ection C ode : NO REV I E W 12 4. C a prio P D. ( 1 9 7 8 ) E ffects of Se vin o n E g g a n d E ggs hell C h aracte r istics o f C o t u r n ix Quail (C otu r nix c o tu rni x jap o n ica). Ohio J.Sci. 78: 9 1 p. EcoRefe r ence No.: 36066 Page 300 of 602

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C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : R E P,AC C ; R e je ction C ode : NO END P O I NT,C ONTR O L, AB STRACT (CBL). 12 5. C a rey A E ., Wie r sm a, G. B ., Tai, H ., a n d M itchell, W. G ( 1 97 3) Or ga noc hlo r ine Pes ticide Resid u e s in Soils an d Cro p s of th e Cor n Belt Reg i on Un ited States 1 970. Pestic.M onit.J. 6: 3 69376 C h em ical of C once r n: PCB,As, E N CHD TF N,P P Z, PCH,PRT PR N,M X C ACR,AND,ATZ,BOR,BTY,Cap t an,CBL, CPP,24DB, DD T,DZ ,D LD ,DS FN F,F N T H ,C BF,HP T ,EP T C HCCH ,LNR M LN,M CPB; Habitat : T; Rej ection Code : NO MIXTUR E,EFFECT,SPECI ES( P CB) 126. Carlson, R. W. (1990). Ventilatory Patterns of Bluegill (L epom is m acrochirus) Exposed t o Orga nic Chem icals with Diffe r ent M e c h anis m s of To xic A c tion. Com p .B ioche m .P hysiol .C 95: 1 8 1 19 6. EcoRefe r ence No.: 3461 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L M LN, A C L ,R T N N P, PC P; H a bitat : A; E f f ect Codes : PHY,BEH; Rej ectio n Cod e : NO ENDP OINT(ALL C H EM S). 12 7. C a rneir o M A C Siq u eira, J O ., a n d M a ria de So uza M o r e ira, F ( 2 00 1 ) Establishm ent o f Herbaceous Pl ants in Heavy Metal Contam i n ated Soils Inoculated with Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi (Estabele c im ento de Pla n tas Herbaceas em solo com Contam inacao de M e tais Pesad o s e I n oculaca o de F u ng os M i cor r izicos Ar b u s culares ) Pes q .A gr opec u B r a s. 3 6 : 14 43145 2 ( P OR ) ( E NG ABS). C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Rej ection Code : NO F O REI G N M I XT URE 12 8. C a rricab ur u, P. B i wer G., an d Goy f f o n M (1 9 8 2 ) Ef fects o f C a r b ary l on the S p onta n eo us and E v o k e d P o tentials of t h e Sco r pi on Pr os o m ian Ner v ous Sy stem Com p .Bioc h em .Phy s i ol.C 73: 2 0 1 20 4. EcoRefe r ence No.: 87754 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : PHY; Rej ection Code : NO EN DPOIN T ( C BL) 129. Carter, F. L a n d Gra v es, J. B. (1972). M eas uring Effects of Insecticid es on Aquatic Animals. La.Agric. 16 : 14 -15 EcoRefe r ence No.: 942 Chem ical of C once r n: CPY M P ,AZ DCT P CBL,CBF,D D T ,TX P ,M RX M LN,M OM ,A DC; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR; Rej ection C ode : NO CO N T RO L( ALL CH EMS) 13 0. C a sado S ., Al ons o, M He rr ado n B Taraz ona J V ., an d Nava s, J M ( 2 00 6 ) Activatio n of the Aryl Hy drocarbon Recept o r by Ca rba r yl: Com putationa l Evide n ce of the Ability of Car b ar yl to Assu m e a Planar Conform a tion. Envir o n.Toxicol.Che m 25 : 31 41314 7. C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Rej ection Code : NO I N VITR O ( CBL). 131. Casale, G. P. Venne r str o m J. L. Ba va ri, S., an d Wan g T. L ( 1 99 3 ) In hi bition o f Interle uki n 2 Drive n P r olife r at ion of Mous e CTLL2 Cells, by Selected Ca rbam ate and Org a n oph o s phate I n secticid es and C o ng en ers of Carb ar yl. I m muno pha rma c o l .Immun o t oxico l 15 : 19 9-2 1 5 Chem ical of C once r n: A D C, M V P,CBF,CB L ,D DV P,M C B ; Ha bitat : T; Rej ection Code : NO I N VI TRO( CBL,CBF,D DVP,MCB,MVP,ADC) Page 301 of 602

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13 2. C a sper H. H. Pekas J. C an d Din u ss on W E. ( 1 9 7 3 ) Ga stric A b s o r p tio n of a Pesticide ( 1 Naph th yl NM e th ylcar b a m a te ) in the Fasted Rat. Pestic.Bi o che m P hysi ol. 2 : 3 91396 EcoRefe r ence No.: 36092 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : A C C PH Y; R e je ction C ode : NO EN DPOIN T ( C BL) 133. Castaneda, P. M a ta, R., a n d LotinaHe nnse n, B ( 1 99 8 ) E ffect of Enc eca lin, E upa rin an d Dem e thylencecalin on T h ylakoi d Electron Transp ort a n d Photophos p horylation in Isola t ed Spinach C h loroplasts. J. Sci. Fo od Ag ric. 7 8 : 1 02108 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Rej ection Code : NO I N VITR O 134. Casterline, J. L Jr ., Ba rnett, N M ., an d K u Y. (1 9 8 5 ) U p t a ke, Tra n slocat ion, an d Tran sf orm a tion of Pe ntachlo r o p h e nol i n S o y b ean an d Spi n a c h Pla n ts. Env i ron.Res. 37 : 10 1 11 8. EcoRefe r ence No.: 59127 C h em ical of C once r n: PC P,C B L; Ha bitat : T; Effect Codes : ACC,BCM ; Rej ectio n Cod e : N O pH E RE//N O END P OI NT( P CP) 13 5. C h aiy a rach, S. R a tanan u n V. an d Ha rrel, R C. ( 197 5) Acu t e To x i c ity of the Insecticides Toxaphe n e a n d Carba r yl and t h e Herbicides Prop a n il and Molinate to Four Species of Aquatic Or ga nism s Bull.Envir o n C o nta m .T oxicol. 14: 2 8 1 28 4 EcoRefe r ence No.: 849 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L M LT,TX P,P P N ; Habitat : A ; Ef fect Codes : MOR; Rej ect io n C ode : NO C O NTROL(ALL CHEMS). 13 6. C h am bers, J. S ( 1 97 0) In vest igation o f C h e m ical C ontrol of G h o s t S h ri m p on Oy ster Gro und s 19 60 -1 963 In : Wa sh ing t on (S ta te) D e p Fish Tech R ep N o 1 25 6 2 EcoRefe r ence No.: 15241 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : CBL,HCCH; Hab itat : A; E ffect Codes : ACC,POP; Rej ectio n Co d e : NO ENDP OINT(ALL C H EM S). 13 7. C h an W. F. a n d La rs on R A (1 9 9 5 ) Pr o d u ct o f Oz on oly s is of A r om atic C o m pou n d s i n Aq ue ous S o lut i on C o ntainin g Nitrite I o n O z on e Sci.En g. 17: 6 2 7 63 5 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ,2 4DC ; Ha bitat : T; Rej ection C ode : NO SPECI ES( CBL,24DC) 1 3 8 Ch andn a, S. Sar een, P. K Sah a r a n R. P. and CHOW DHARY J. P. (19 9 8 ) Clastog e n i city o f Labor ato r y Mix t u r e of Lind ane and Ca rbaryl in Mice. I ndi an J. Genet. 58: 4 3 9 44 3. EcoRefe r ence No.: 87859 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : CBL,HCCH; Hab itat : T; Effect Codes : CEL; Rej ection Code : NO M I XT URE(C B L,HCCH ). 139. Chen, P. S., Li n, Y. N., and C h ung, C L. (1971). Labor atory Studies on t h e Susceptibility of Mosquito-Eating Fish, Lebist es reticulatus a n d the Larvae of Culex pi piens fatigans to Insecticides. T a i-W a n I Hs ue h Hui Tsa C h i h 70 : 2835 EcoRefe r ence No.: 9297 Chem ical of C once r n: D D T, P R N,HCC H ,CB L ,M LN ,DZ; Rej ectio n Code : NO CONTROL(ALL CHEMS) Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR; Page 302 of 602

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14 0. C h er n, W. H a n d Da uterm a n, W. C (1 9 8 3 ) Studies o n t h e M e tabolism and E x cretio n o f 1 Nap h th ol, 1 N a pht hy l-B e taD G luc u r o nide an d 1 Na p h th y l -B eta-DGlu c oside in t h e M ouse Toxicol.Appl.P har macol 6 7 : 3 03309 EcoRefe r ence No.: 36134 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : ACC; Rej ectio n Co d e : NO CO N T RO L,EN DPOI NT( C BL) 14 1. C h ibale, K. H a upt, H ., Ke nd rick, H ., Yar d l e y, V. Sa ra vanam u thu, A ., Fa irlam b A H., and Cr of t, S. L. (200 1) An tip ro to zoal an d C y tot oxicity Eval uation o f S u lf ona m i de and U r ea Anal ogues of Qui n acri n e. Bi oor g. Med C h e m .Lett. 11 : 2655 -26 5 7 EcoRefe r ence No.: 80756 C h em ical of C once r n: A K T M D,C B L ; Ha bitat : T; Effec t Codes : BCM; Rej ection Code : NO CONTROL(ALL C H EM S). 142. Childers, C. C Aguilar, H., Villanueva, R and Abou-Se tta, M. M. (2001). C o m p arative Residual Toxicities of Pesticides t o the Predat or Eusei u s mesem b rinus (Acari: Phytoseiidae) on C itrus in Flori d a. Fla.Ent o mol. 84 : 391 -4 01 EcoRefe r ence No.: 78987 C h em ical of C once r n: DFZ, AL SV ,E TN,PRB ,CBL, F TT,F O ,CP Y D CF,C uO H, D M T,AZ D,C u S, FM B,BM Y,M L N,P P G,FNB,CFP,AZ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : POP,M O R; Rej ection Cod e : OK (CuO H,CuS,F N B,BM Y, F B M CPY,PRB CBL,FTT ,F O, DCF, DM T, AZ D), T AR GET ( M L N ,AZ CBL), N O M I XT URE( ET N). 143. Childers, C. C Villanuev a, R ., Aguilar, H., Chewning, R ., and Michaud, J. P. (2001). Com p arative Residual Toxicities of Pesticides to t h e Predat or Agiste m u s industani (Acari: Stigm a e i dae) on Citr us in Florid a. Exp.Appl.Acar o l. 25: 4 6 1 4 74 EcoRefe r ence No.: 78988 C h em ical of C once r n: DFZ, AL SV ,E TN,PRB ,CBL, F TT,F O ,CP Y D CF,C uO H, A Z D,C u S, FBM BM Y,M L N PP G,F N B,CFP; Hab itat : T; Effect C ode s : REP,MOR; Rej ection Co d e : OK (D FZ, P RB, FTT,F O ,CP Y D CF, A Z D ,CuS,FBM ,BM Y PPG ,F NB,CFP ),N O MI X T U R E(ALSV ,ETN C uO H) ,O K TA RG ET( CBL, M LN ) 144. Christianse n T A ., Loc k wood, J A., and Po well, J. (1989). Mediation of Nut r ient Cycling by Art h r o p o d s i n Unm a nage d a n d Inte nsively M a nage d M o u n tain B r us h Ha bitats. Great B a sin Na t. 4 9 : 13 413 9. EcoRefe r ence No.: 87652 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L M LN; Habitat : T; E ffect C o des : POP; R e jection C ode : NO END P O I NT(T ARGE T-CBL, M LN). 1 4 5 Ch r i stie, A. E. ( 196 9) Eff ects of Insecticides on Algae. W a ter Sew a ge Wo rks 116 : 172 -17 6 EcoRefe r ence No.: 2248 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L M LN, DDT; H a bitat : A; E f f ect Codes : GR O, ACC; Reject ion C ode : N O E N DP OI NT( A LL CHEM S ) 14 6. C h risto ffe rs, D an d Er nst, D. E. W. (1 9 8 3 ) The In V iv o Fl uo resce n ce of C h lorella fus c a as a Biological Test for t h e Inhibition of Photosy n thesis. Toxic o l.Envir o n.Che m 7: 6 1 7 1. EcoRefe r ence No.: 45160 Page 303 of 602

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C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ,P bAC PC P, DL D, DDT ,HC C H C d H gC l 2 ; H a bitat : A; E f f ect C odes : PHY; Rej ection Code : NO CON T RO L, EN DPOIN T (A LL CH EMS) 147. Chung, J G., L ee, J. H ., a n d Hung, C. F. ( 1 999). Kinetics of Acetyl CoA : A r ylam ine N Acetyltransfe r ase in Ra pid and Sl ow Acetylator Li vers from the Pelecypoda Cristaria plicata. Toxicol.Envir o n.C h em. 6 8 : 8390 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : B C M; Rej ection Code : NO IN VITR O. 148. Chung, Y. C., Richardson, L. and M o r r isey, M T. ( 1 99 3) Effects o f pH a n d NaC l o n Ge l Stren g th o f Pa cific Whiting S u rim i J.Aqua t.Food Prod .Tech n o l 2: 19 3 5 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; Rej ection Code : NO I N VITR O 14 9. C l eland, C F. Tana ka, O. a n d Fel d m a n, L. J. ( 1 98 2) In flu e nce of PlantGr owt h S u bsta nces and Salicylic-Acid on Fl owe r ing a n d Gr owt h in the Lem n aceae (Duc kwee ds). Aqua t Bo t 13 : 32 0 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; Rej ection Code : N O REVI EW 15 0. C o cks J. A (1 97 3 ) T h e Ef fe ct of Al dr in on W a ter Balance in th e Freshwater Pulm onate Gastr o p o d (B iom phalaria gla b rata) Environ.Pollut. 5: 14 91 5 1 EcoRefe r ence No.: 8797 Chem ical of C once r n: CBL, M LN, DDT ,A ND; Ha bitat : A; E ffect C o des : PHY; Rej e ction C ode : N O E N DP OI NT( A LL CHEM S ) 15 1. C ohe n, E. ( 2 0 0 6 ) PesticideM e diated Hom e ostatic M o d u l a tion in A r th ro po ds. Pestic.Biochem.Physiol. 85 : 2 1 -2 7. EcoRefe r ence No.: 88445 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L M OM ,M ZB ; Habitat : T; Rej ection Code : NO REVIE W (CB L ,M OM ,M ZB) 152. Collins, T. F. X. Hansen W. H. &. Keeler H. V. (1972). Fertility Reduction by Carbaryl: The Effect of C a r b ary l (Se v in ) on R e pr o ductio n of the R a t a n d the Ge r b il. F o od C o s m et.T ox icol. 10: 2 6 1 26 2. C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Rej ection Code : NO ABS T RA CT. 15 3. C o m e r, S. W., Staiff, D. C A r m s trong J. F. an d Wol f e, H. R ( 1 97 5 ) E x pos u r e of Wor k ers to Car b aryl. Bull.Environ.Co nta m .T oicol. 13 : 385 -39 1 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Rej ection Code : NO H U M A N HEA L T H (CB L ). 154. Conners, D. E. and Black M. C. (2004). Evaluation of Le t h ality and Genotoxicity in the Freshwater Mussel Utterbacki a i m becillis (Bivalvia: Uni o ni dae) Exposed Singly and in Com b ination t o C h em ica l s Used i n Lawn C a re. Arc h .E nvi r on .C o n ta m. To xicol. 46 : 36 2-3 7 1 EcoRefe r ence No.: 74236 Chem ical of C once r n: AT Z, GY P, DZ,CBL; Ha bitat : A; Effect C ode s : MOR; Rej ection C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( ATZ,C u S ) O K ( AL L CH EM S ) 15 5. C o n n o r, P. F. ( 1 9 6 0 ) A St udy o f Sm all M a mm als, B i rds a n d Othe r Wil d life in an A r ea Page 304 of 602

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Spr a y e d with S e vin. N.Y.Fish Ga me J. 7: 26 -3 2. EcoRefe r ence No.: 64042 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : POP; Rej ection Code : NO EN DPOIN T ( C BL) 1 5 6 Co ok W. L., Field e r D., an d Bo ur qu in, A. W. (1 980 ) Su ccessio n of Micr of ung i in Estuar in e M i croco s m s Pertur be d by C a rba r y l M e th y l Parathi o n an d Pentachl o r o ph enol. Bo t. Ma r 23 : 1 29131 EcoRefe r ence No.: 15421 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L M P,PC P; Ha b itat : A; Ef fect Codes : POP; Rej ection Code : NO CO N T RO L,EN DPOI NT(A LL CH EMS) 15 7. C o o p er E L. a n d R o c h P. ( 2 00 3 ) Ea rth w or m I m m unity : A M o del of Im m une C o m p etence. Ped obi olo g ia 47 : 676 -68 8 EcoRefe r ence No.: 87656 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; R e j ection Code : N O RE VIE W (AL L CH EM S ) 1 5 8 Co p e O. B. (19 66) C o n t am i n atio n of th e Fr eshwater Ecosyste m b y Pesticid es. J.A ppl .Ecol. 3 : 3 3 -4 4 ( P ub l in Par t As 6 797 ). EcoRefe r ence No.: 10337 C h em ical of C once r n: DDT ,HCC H, D L D, DU ,M LN 2 4D XY ,CBL, D BN, D Z M L T PA QT, P Y N T FN,C uS; Ha bi tat : A; E ffect C o des : MOR,AC C,REP; Rej ecti o n Cod e : NO CONTR O L ( ALL CHEM S). 15 9. C ope O. B ( 1 96 5 ) S p ort Fis h ery In vestigat ions In : Fis h an d Wildl.Serv .Cicr.226, Effects of Pesticides on Fish and Wildlife 1964 Research Findings of the Fish and Wildlife Servi ce, Washington, D.C. 5 1 6 3 ( P ubl in Par t As 679 7) EcoRefe r ence No.: 2871 C h em ical of C once r n: M L N, DBN, 24DX Y ,BS CBL, D M T D U DZ H CCH,M L T ,N aled,SZ TF N, ADC,C H D ,T X P ,TC F, Cu S, PA QT,MCB, A N D PY N, HPT,D L D EN E PRN, DDT, F NTH, FN F,MV P, BTY N S M, RT N, AM SV ,V N T ,Cu, AT N,M X C,D D V P, DB M DBAC; Ha bitat : A; E ffe ct Codes : MOR,BCM; Rej ection Cod e : NO CONTR O L(ALL C H EM S). 160. Corbett, J. R., Wri ght, K., and Baillie, A. C. (1984 ). Insecticides Inhibiting Acetylcholines terase. In: The Biochemical Mode of Actio n of Pesticides, Second Edition, Acad .Press, Lon don 99 1 4 0 EcoRefe r ence No.: 72145 Chem ical of C once r n: AZ ,CP Y D Z, DM T,M L N,PR N, PSM CBL,CBF; Ha bitat : T; Rej e ction C ode : N O RE VIE W 161. Corson, M. S. Mora, M. A., and Gr ant, W. E. (1998). Sim u lating C holinesterase Inhibition in Birds Ca use d by Dietary Insec ticide Exposure. Ec ol.M odel 1 05: 2 9 9 32 3. C h em ical of C once r n: TB O M P ,M LN, D S AC P,AZ,CBL,CBF,CPY,DC T P,DM T OM L TBC; Habitat : T; Rej ection Code : NO M O DEL I NG 16 2. C outa n t, C C (1 9 6 4 ) I n secticide Se vin: E f f ect o f Aer i al Sp r a ying on Dr if t of Str eam I n sects. Science 1 46: 4 2 0 42 1. Page 305 of 602

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EcoRefe r ence No.: 7985 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : POP; Rej ection Code : NO EN DPOIN T ( C BL) 163. Cranm e r, M. a n d Pe oples, A. (1973). Dete rmination of Trace Quantitie s of Anticholine s terase Pesticides. A n a l B io ch em 55: 2 55265 C h em ical of C once r n: M L O C B L ; Ha bitat : T; R e je ct i o n C ode : N O HU M AN HE ALT H 1 6 4 Cr awf o r d R. B. and Gu ar ino, A. M. (1 985 ) Eff ects of Envir o n m en tal To x i can ts on Devel opm ent o f a Tele ost Em bry o J.E n viro n.P a th ol.T oxic ol. 6: 1 8 5 1 94 EcoRefe r ence No.: 14348 C h em ical of C once r n: TX P, A N D M L N 24DXY,PCP,CBL,HCCH,P RN, D DT,P A Q T; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : G R O,M O R ; R e jection C ode : NO CO N T RO L,EN DPOI NT( P CP, CBL) 1 6 5 Cr awf o r d R. B. and Gu ar ino, A. M. (1 976 ) Sand Do llar Em b r yo s as Mon ito r s of Environm ental Pollutants. Bull.Mt.Desert Isl.Biol.Lab. 16: 17. EcoRefe r ence No.: 13938 C h em ical of C once r n: TX P,C B L,MLN,PCP,PL,DDT; Ha bitat : A; E ffe ct Codes : GR O; Rej ectio n Code : NO CON T RO L, EN DPOIN T (A LL CH EMS) 166. Crystal, M. M. and DeMilo A. B. (1988). Susceptibility of Laborat o ry-Reared Nort hern Fowl Mites, Ornithonyssus sylvia rum (Acari: Macronyssidae ) t o Selected Ac ari c ides. Exp.A p pl.Ac a r o l. 4: 3 5 3 3 58 EcoRefe r ence No.: 70191 Chem ical of C once r n: PIRM C M P H, ADC, P M R ,RSM ,CBL,DZ; Ha bitat : T; Effect Codes : M O R ; R e jectio n C ode : NO CO N T RO L( ALL CH EMS) 167. D' M e llo, J. P F., M a c d onal d A. M C. P o st el, D. Dijksm a, W. T P ., D u jardi n A. a n d Placinta, C. M. (1998). Pesticide Use a n d Myco to xin Pr o duc tion in F u sari u m and As per g i llus Ph ytop atho g e ns. E u r.J.Plant Pathol. 1 04: 7 4 1 75 1. EcoRefe r ence No.: 87552 C h em ical of C once r n: TDM,TE Z,PC Z,TDF,BMY,T B A,TBM T H M TCM DFC, DD VP ,Nale d CBL; Ha bitat : T; Rej ectio n Code : N O RE VIE W ( A LL CHE M S). 1 6 8 Daou H. an d Talb er t, R E. (1 999 ). Con t ro l o f Prop an ilResistan t Bar n yard gr ass ( E ch inoch l o a crus-galli) in R i ce (Oryza sativa) w ith Carbaryl/Propanil M i xtures. Weed Technol. 13 : 65 -70 EcoRefe r ence No.: 63795 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L M LT; Ha bitat : T; E ffect Codes : PHY,POP; Rej ection C ode : NO M I XTUR E(M LT) ,T ARGET ( CBL). 16 9. Davis H C ( 1 96 1 ) E ffects o f S o m e Pes ticides on E g gs a n d La rvae of Oy sters (C rass ostrea virginica) and Cla m s (V enus m e rcenaria). Commer.Fis h.Rev. 2 3 : 18 -2 3. EcoRefe r ence No.: 4811 C h em ical of C once r n: AN D, D D T, DL D,TCF E N ,A Z HCCH ,PRN ,T XP, D BAC CBL,D U,CBZ, D C B ,OP H P, Na ba m P L; Habitat : A; Ef fect Codes : MOR; Rej ectio n Cod e : L I T E EV AL CO D E D( DBAC ), N O EN DPOIN T (DCB) Page 306 of 602

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17 0. Davis J. La be nia, J S ., B a ld win, D H. Fre n ch, B. a n d Sc holz, N L ( 2004). Sublethal Effects of the Carbam ate Ins ecticideC a rba r y l -o n C o astal Cutthroat Trout. I n : 2 0 0 3 Ge orgi a Ba sin / Pug e t Sou nd Res.C o n f ., Ma r.31 A p r .3, 2 003 Van c o u v er, B.C (Ca nada ) C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; Rej ection Code : NO ABSTRACT( CBL) 171. De Gir o lam o D. J ., Jense n J N ., a n d Van B e nsch oten J (1 9 9 1 ) I n activ ation of A d ult Zebra Mussels by Chlorine. A b str. A m .W ater As soc An n u .C o n f., P h iladel phi a, P A C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; Rej ection Code : NO S OURCE. 172. De la vega Sal azar, M. Y., M a rtinez Ta bc he L., a n d Macias Ga rcia, C. (1997). Bioaccum u lation of Methyl Parathion a n d It s Toxi col ogy i n Se ve ral Spec ies of the Fres hwater Com m unity in Ignacio Ram i r ez Dam in Mexico. Ec otoxic ol.E nviro n Saf. 38 : 5362 C h em ical of C once r n: M P ,C B L ; Ha bitat : A; Rej ection C ode : NO DU RA TION 173. De M a r o ussem D ., Pipy, B ., Beraud, M ., Sou q u a l, M C., an d Fo rg ue, M. F. (19 86) Th e Effect of C a r b ary l o n the A r a c hid onic Aci d M e tabolism and S u per o xide P r o d u ction by M ouse R e sident Pe rito neal M acr op ha ges C h alleng ed by Zy m o san. Int.J I m m u no p har m a col 8 : 15 5 16 6. C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Rej ection Code : NO I N VITR O 174. Deo, P. G., Hasan, S. B ., and Maj u m d er, S. K. (1988). Toxicity and Suitability of Som e Insecticides for House h old Us e. Int.Pe st Control 30 : 118 -12 1 ,129 EcoRefe r ence No.: 35123 C h em ical of C once r n: AN D,BRSM C H D CBL,CY P DDT ,DCM D EM ,DZ D D V P ,DM T E N, ES, F NT, F N V H P T ,HC CH,M LN ,M X C ,PRN,M P P M R,PY N; Ha bitat : T; Effec t Codes : MOR ; Rej ection Code : NO CONTROL(ALL C H EM S). 175. Desm archelier, J. M. (1 980). Com p arative Study of Analytical Methods for Bioresm e thrin, Fen o th rin, d F e not hri n Py rethr u m I, C a r b ar y l Fenitr othio n M e t h acrif os, Pirim i phos-M ethy l and Dic h lo rv os o n Vari ous G r ains. J.Pestic.Sci. 5: 5 2 1 5 32 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : BRSM,RSM,CBL,PYN; Hab itat : T; Rej ection C o de : NO SPECIES. 176. DeW itt, J. B. and George J. L. (1960). B u reau of Spor t Fi sheries and Wi ldlife PesticideW i l d life Re view, 1959 Fish and Wildlife Service, Circular No.84, U.S.Depar. of the Interior, Bureau of Sport Fisheries and W ildlife, September 1960, W a shington 36 p EcoRefe r ence No.: 88413 Chem ical of C once r n: CBL, A N D ,E N, DL D HPT CH D, HC CH,M LN ,T XP ,D DT, D S, AZ M XC; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : M O R,REP,ACC; Rej ection C o de : N O E N DP OI NT( A L L CHEMS). 1 7 7 Dh in gr a, S. and Saru p, P. (199 2) Detec tion of Resistance i n the Blister B eetle, Mylabris pust u lata Thunb. t o Vari ous Insecticides Ev aluated Du rin g the Last Q u art e r C e nt ury J.Ent o mol.Res 16 : 231 -23 5 EcoRefe r ence No.: 75778 C h em ical of C once r n: DM T,M L N, H CCH,PP H D,C B L,M P ,LC Y T, DCM CYP FP P,F N V P Y N E S ; Ha bitat : T; Effect C ode s : MOR; Rej ection C ode : NO CO N T RO L( ALL Page 307 of 602

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CHEM S) ,TAR GET ( ,M L N ,C BL). 1 7 8 Dimick R. E. an d Br eese, W. P. ( 196 5) Bay Mu ssel Em b r y o Bio a ssay. Proc.12t h Pacific Northwest Ind.Waste C onf., Un iv.of Washington, Seattle, W A 165 -1 75 EcoRefe r ence No.: 3758 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L N aPC P ; Ha bitat : A; E ffect Codes : GR O; Rej ection Code : NO ENDPOINT(ALL CHEM S). 1 7 9 Div e D., Lecler c, H., an d Perso o n e G. ( 1980 ). Pesticid e To x i city on t h e Ciliate Pr o t o z oan Colpidi u m ca m pylu m : Possible Conseque nces of the Effect of Pesticides in t h e Aquatic En viro nm ent. Ecotoxic ol.E nv iron .S af. 4: 12 91 3 3 ( A ut ho r C o m m unicatio n Used ). EcoRefe r ence No.: 5941 C h em ical of C once r n: PNB,2 4 DXY,AZ,CBL,DMT,HCCH,MLN,MP, THM,PCP,PCB,EPR N ,M CPB,MCPA,AND,D DT,F NT ,E N,E S ,DL D ; Ha bitat : A; E ffect Codes : POP; Rej ection Code : NO ENDPOINT(ALL CHEM S)//NO SPEC I ES (PCB). 180. Dods on, S. I. a n d Ha nazat o, T (1995). C o m m e ntary on E f f ects of Anthropoge nic and Natural Or ga nic C h em icals o n Devel o pm ent, Swim ming B e ha vior a n d R e p r o d u ction o f Da ph nia, a Key Mem b er of Aqu a tic Ecosyste m s Envir o n.He alth Pers pect. 10 3: 71 1 EcoRefe r ence No.: 48751 C h em ical of C once r n: DM B C B L ; Ha bitat : A; R e jectio n C ode : N O RE VIE W N O RE FS CHECKE D. 18 1. Do he rty F. G Eva n s, D W., and Ne u h au ser E. F. ( 1 9 9 3 ) An As sessm ent of Total a n d Leacha b le Conta m inants in Z e bra Mussels (D reisse na polym o rpha) from Lake E r ie. Ecotoxic ol.E nv iron .S af. 25 : 32 8-3 4 0 EcoRefe r ence No.: 83380 C h em ical of C once r n: Se,A g, Ald,D L D, As,Ba,C d ,C BL,CTC,CN, 24D X Y ,E N,P b H CCH, H g,M X C,M P RN,PR N ,PCB; Habitat : A; Rej ection Code : NO SPEC I ES M IXT U RE,S U R VEY 182. Dragland, S. (1996). C ont ent of Cadm iu m and Lead in Ch am o m ile (Chamom i lla recutita L.) and Fe verfew (Tanacetum parthenium L.) Grown i n Diffe re nt Pa rts of Norway (Innhol d a v Kadm iu m og bly i Kamille (Cham o m i lla recutita L.) og Ma trem (Tanacetum parthenium L.) Dyrket pa Ulike Stede r i Norge). N o rsk .L an dbr uksf orskin g 10 : 181 -18 8 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Rej ection Code : NO M I XTUR E, OM pH CONTR O L, C ONCS ERE 1 8 3 Du m b au ld, B. R., Ar m s tr o n g D. A., Do ty D. C., and Jen s en G. C. ( 1989 ) B u rr owing Shrim p Recruitment to Washi ngt on Coastal Estuaries: A New Approach t o an Old Proble m J.Shellfish Res. 8 : 4 12413 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; Rej ection Code : NO ABSTRACT( CBL) 184. Dum b auld, B. R., T u fts, D ., Arm s trong, D A., and Pos e y, M. H. (1992). The E ffect of Burrowing Shri m p and the Pes ticide Carbary l on the Benthi c Comm unity i n W illapa Bay, Was h ington. J.Shellfish Res. 1 1 : 55 2 (ABS) C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; Rej ection Code : NO ABSTRACT( CBL) Page 308 of 602

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18 5. Du p ont Specia lty C h em icals (19 9 4 ) T oxicit y of C o m pou n d s, I n clu d in g 1 C h lo r o 4 Nitr ob en zen e (PN itro c h l or oben zene), with Cover Letter Date d 0 5 /1 0/ 94 ( S anitized) EPA/OT S Doc.#86940000732S 1 7 p. ( O TS 05 571 42) EcoRefe r ence No.: 88907 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L DNT; H a bitat : T; E ffect Codes : M O R; Rej ectio n Cod e : NO CONTR O L ( ALL CHEM S). 1 8 6 Dur f e y, J. E. an d Sim p so n, J. B. (1 995 ). Contr o l o f Two B u r r o w in g Sh r i mp Sp ecies, Ghost Shrim p Callianassa californi ensis a n d Mud Shri m p Upoge b ia pugettensis, Usi n g Subsurface In jectio n of C a rba r y l ("Se vin" ) as a n Alter n a tive to Aerial Applica tion in Preparation of Oy ster B e ds fo r See d in g. J.Shellfish Res. 1 4 : 26 4 ( A B S ) EcoRefe r ence No.: 19530 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : POP; Rej ection Code : NO ABSTRAC T (CBL) 18 7. Dus o C (1 9 9 4 ) C o m p arison B e tween Field and Laboratory Testing Me thods t o Evaluate the Pesticide Side-Effects on the Pr e d atory M ite s Am bly s eius a nde rs oni a n d T y phlo d r om us p y r i. IOBC/WPRS Bull. 17 : 7 19 EcoRefe r ence No.: 73145 Chem ical of C once r n: PRN C B L,AZ ,ACP ,D M ; Ha bitat : T; Effect Codes : POP; Rejecti o n C ode : TAR G ET(ACP,AZ,C BL). 188. Dus o C., Cam p orese, P., a n d Van de r Geest, L. P. S. ( 199 2). To x i city of a Nu m b er o f Pesticides to Strains of Typhl o drom us pyri an d Am b l yseiu s and e r s on i (Acar i: Ph yto s eiidae) En tomo pha ga 37: 3 6 3 37 2. EcoRefe r ence No.: 73088 C h em ical of C once r n: PR N C B L,AC P AZ ,C PY,M DT,M O M ,DM CP YM F NT, T CF,CB L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : M O R,REP; Rej e ctio n C o d e : OK TARGET(ACP,AZ,CBL) 18 9. Dus o C a n d P a van F (1 9 8 6 ) C o ntr o l o f Gr ape M o ths (L o b esia botra na Den a n d Sc hif f .; Eupoecilia ambiguella Hb.). 2. Consideration on t h e Si de Eff ects of Vari ous Insecticides (Il Controllo delle Tignole della vite (Lobesia botrana Den. e Schiff.; Eupoecilia a m biguella Hb.). 2. Consi d erazi oni sugli Effe tti Collaterali di Insetticidi Di versi ) Riv.Vitic.Enol. 39 : 3 04312 (I TA) ( E NG ABS) EcoRefe r ence No.: 73431 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L A C P ,C P Y D C NA; Ha bitat : T; Rej ection C ode : NO FOR E IGN. 19 0. Dutt, N. an d S o m c hou dh u r y A. K. ( 1 9 8 0 ) Persistent T o xicity of S o m e Insecticides t o Trich o g r am m a pe rki n si Gi rau lt and Tric ho gr am m a australicum Girault ( H ym enoptera: Trichogramm a tidae). J.Entomol.Res. 4: 20 32 1 4 EcoRefe r ence No.: 88981 Chem ical of C once r n: ES, E N PRN,M L N, D Z ,HCCH ,D DT ,CBL; Ha bitat : T; E ffect C o des : POP; R e jectio n C ode : NO EN DPOI NT(A LL CH EMS) 191. Dwyer F J ., H a rdesty, D. K ., Henke, C. E ., I nge rs oll, C. G. Whites, D. W. M o unt D. R. and Bridges, C M. ( 1999). Assessing Contamin ant Sensitivity of Endang ered and Threatened Species: E ffl uent T oxicity T e sts. EP A 600/ R-99/099, U.S. EPA, W a s h ingt on, D.C. 9 p. EcoRefe r ence No.: 56162 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ,C uS, N YP, P C P P R M ,N H, DZ; Ha bitat : A; E ffect C odes : Page 309 of 602

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GRO,REP,M O R; Rej ectio n Co d e : OK( CBL, N H ) ,NO MIXTU R E( Cu S, PCP, NY P, PRM) ,N O COC( DZ) 19 2. Dy nam ac C o rp oratio n (1 9 8 8 ) R e sults of t h e Locust Pesticide Tes ting Trial s in Sudan. Technical Report. USAID C ontract No.AFR -0517-C-00-7 035-00,Dynamac C o rp., Rockville, MD 50 p EcoRefe r ence No.: 81907 C h em ical of C once r n: LC YT TLM CBL,BD C ,CPY, D Z, FN T,M L N; Ha bitat : T; Effect C odes : MOR,ACC,POP; Rejectio n C o d e : NO EN DP O I N T (D Z). 193. E.I.Dupont De Nem ours & C o m p any (1992). Initial Subm is s i on: Toxicity of Various C o m pou nds U s ed i n Hy dr o g e n R e ductio n B u ildin g with C ove r Letter Dat e d 10/ 15/ 92 EPA/OT S Doc.#88-920010280 2 1 p. ( O TS 05 556 69) EcoRefe r ence No.: 88906 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : GRO,MOR,CEL,PHY; Rej ection C ode : NO C O NTROL( CBL). 194. Easterbrook, M A. S o lom o n, M G ., C r a n ham J. E., and Souter E. F. ( 1 985) T r ials of a n Inte grated Pest M a na gem e nt Pro g r am m e B a sed o n Selectiv e Pesticides i n En glish Ap ple Orc h ar ds Crop Pro t 4: 21 5 23 0. EcoRefe r ence No.: 76518 C h em ical of C once r n: D F Z,P I M C a pta n ,ES C B L ,AZ,C H X, C P Y,P H S L D OD; Ha bitat : T; Effect C ode s : POP; Rej ection C ode : NO EN DPOI NT, C ON TROL(A LL CH EMS, TA RG ET CBL) 1 9 5 Ed elson J. V., Ro yer T. A., an d Car t wr igh t B. (1 987 ). Contr o l o f Ar th ropo d Pests on C a ntalou pe, 1 9 8 6 Insectic.A caric.Tests 1 2 : 10 8 (N o. 1 1 6 ) EcoRefe r ence No.: 88727 C h em ical of C once r n: ETN, N aled,F N V ,PR N ,E S, O M L,PP HD ,M T M ,M OM ,M V P ,M LN, D CF,C BL,DZ AZ ,D M T ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : P O P, GR O; R e je ction C ode : OK(ALL CHEM S),OK TARGET(M O M,CBL). 19 6. Ed ge, V. E. a n d C a sim i r, M ( 1 9 7 6 ) T oxi cit y of Insecticides to A dult Au stralian Pla gue Locust, C h ortoicetes terminifer a (Orthoptera : Acri didae). J Aust. E nt om ol. Soc 1 4 : 32 1-32 6. EcoRefe r ence No.: 70906 Chem ical of C once r n: DZ ,CP Y ,CBL,RSM ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : M O R; Rej ection C ode : TAR G ET(RSM,DZ ). 1 9 7 Edward s, C. A. (1 988 ) Th e Use of Key In dicator Processes for Asse ssm ent of the Effects of Pesticides on Soil Ecosystem s In : Bri ght on C r op Pr ot.C o n f ., Pests a n d Di seases 1 9 8 8 La ven ham Press Ptd., La venha m, U.K. 2: 7 3 9 7 46 EcoRefe r ence No.: 71768 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L D Z; Ha bitat : T; Effect Codes : PO P; R e je ction C ode : NO ENDPOINT(ALL CHEM S). 1 9 8 Edward s, C. A. (1 988 ) Th e Use of Key In dicator Processes for Asse ssm ent of the Effects of Pesticides on Soil Indicators. In : Bri ght on C r op Pr ot.C o n f., Pests an d Dis e ases 1 9 8 8 La ven ham Press Ptd., La venha m, U.K. 2: 7 3 9 7 46 Page 310 of 602

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EcoRefe r ence No.: 71768 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L D Z; Ha bitat : T; Effect Codes : PO P; R e je ction C ode : NO ENDPOINT(ALL CHEM S). 19 9. Eid, A. Han n a B F ., M o ham m e d, R K. A m in G. M Al i, A. M ., and G u ir guis, I I (1971). Toxic Effect of Insecticides on See d s A g ric Res.Rev 49: 4 6 5 4. EcoRefe r ence No.: 41178 C h em ical of C once r n: DL D, C B L ; Ha bitat : T; E ffect Codes : REP,GRO; Rej ection C ode : NO ENDP OINT(ALL C H EM S). 20 0. Eisenb ra nd G. U n gere r, O. and P r eussm an n, R ( 1 97 5 ) F o rm ation o f NNitros o C o m pou n d s from Agricultural Chem icals and Nitrite. I.A.R.C (Int.A g e n cy Res Cance r ) Sci.Publ. 9: 71 7 4 EcoRefe r ence No.: 72101 Chem ical of C once r n: SZ,CB L ,AT Z ,Ziram ,PPX; Ha bitat : T; E ffect C o des : PHY; Rej e ction C ode : N O IN VITR O( SZ,C B L ,PP X A TZ ), OK (Ziram ). 201. El-Refai, A. and Mowafy, M. M. (1973). Pr opanil Hydrolysis: Inhi bition i n Rice Plants by Diazinon a n d Carba r yl Tra n s l ocated from the Soil. J AO AC (A s s o c O ff. An a l C h e m ) I n t. 56 : 11 7 8 1 18 2. EcoRefe r ence No.: 25479 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L D Z,P P N; Ha bi tat : T; Effect Codes : BCM,POP; Rej ection C ode : N O E N DP OI NT( A LL CHEM S ) ,T A R GET(CBL ). 2 0 2 ElS ayed G. N. and Kn ow les, C. O. ( 198 4). Synergism of Insectic ide Activity to Heli othi s zea (Boddie) (Lepidoptera: Noct uidae ) by Form anilides a n d Form a m idi n es. J.Econ .En t omo l 77: 8 7 2 87 5. EcoRefe r ence No.: 78950 Chem ical of C once r n: CYP F N L, MP ,CPY,C BL,MOM,E N,PFF; Ha bitat : T; E ffect C o des : M O R ; R e jectio n C ode : OK(ALL CHEM S) ,NO COC( B r 2),TAR GET( CBL,MOM) 203. Elliott, M. (1980). Th e Future for Insecticides. I n : M.Lo cke an d D.S.Smith (Eds.) I n sect Biology in the Future, Academ ic Press In c., New York, NY 8 79904 EcoRefe r ence No.: 70599 Chem ical of C once r n: RSM DZ,PR N D L D A N D ,E N D ,E S, CBL,DD T ; H a bitat : T; Rej e ction C ode : NO REVIEW,N O REFS CHECKED. 204. Elliott, M. (1990) Pyrethroid Insecticides and Hum a n W e l f are. J.E.Casida (Ed.) Pesticides and Alternativ es, Elsevier, A m sterdam 34 535 5. Chem ical of C once r n: PM R, DM ,ES PRN DDT ,CBL,P Y T ; Ha bitat : T; Rej ection C o de : NO REVI EW,NO REFS CHECKED. 205. Ellis, M. D., Siegfried, B. D., and Spawn, B. ( 1997). The Effect of Apistan on Honey Bee (Apis m e ll ifera L). Responses to Methyl Parathion, C a r b a r y l and B i fe nt hr in E x p o s u re Apidologie 28: 1 2 3 12 7. EcoRefe r ence No.: 63845 C h em ical of C once r n: B F T,C B L,M P ; Habit a t : T; Rej ection C ode : TAR G ET (BFT). 20 6. Elm a m l ouk T H. P h ilp ot, R M ., a n d B e n d J. R ( 1 9 7 7 ) S e paratio n of T w o f o rm s of C y tochr o m e P-45 0 fr om Hepa tic M i crosom es o f 1, 2, 3, 4Di benza n th race n e ( D B A ) P r etre ated Page 311 of 602

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Little Skates (Raj a eri n acea). P har m a col o g i st 1 9 : 16 0 (ABS) C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; Rej ection Code : NO ABS T RA CT. 20 7. Elsner E. A ., B eers, E H., a n d B a ird R J. (1 9 8 7 ) A pple, First Ge ne ratio n White Ap ple Leafhoppe r C o m m e rcial Orchard In secticide Evaluation, 1986. Insectic.A caric.Tests 12 : 7 ( 010 ) EcoRefe r ence No.: 88519 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L A Z; Ha bitat : T; Effect Codes : PO P; R e je ction C ode : NO CO N T RO L( TA RG ET CBL ,A Z ) 20 8. EPA/O T S ( 1 9 9 1 ) Letter t o U. S.EP A R e gar d i n g the Encl ose d Acute a n d C h r o nic O r al To xicity Studi es o n 1Eth oxy -4 -Nitr o b en zene with Attachme nts (Sanitized). E PA/OT S Do c.#86 -92 000 037 8S EcoRefe r ence No.: 88962 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : M O R,PHY,BCM,BEH; Rej ection C ode : NO C O NTROL( CBL). 20 9. EPA/O T S ( 1 9 9 4 ) T oxicity o f C o m pou nds I n cludin g PNitr odic h lo ro be nz ene Use d in Bu ild ing No. 75 0 with Cov e r Letter Ou tlin ing C u rr en t Study o f Tetr ah yd ro fu r a n Tox i city Dated 05/10/94 (Sanitized). EPA/OT S Doc.#86940000705S C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Rej ection Code : NO CONTROL( CBL) 21 0. Estes, P S a n d P r itchar d A W. ( 1 9 8 8 ) Physio lo g i cal Resp on ses of Ghost Shr i m p to Car b ar yl and 1Naph tho l Am. Z oo l. 2 8 : A 2 1 (AB S ). EcoRefe r ence No.: 2350 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : PHY; Rej ection Code : NO ABSTRAC T (CBL) 21 1. Eto, M Sei f er t, J., En gel, J. L., a n d C a sida J. E (1 9 8 0 ) O r ga n o p h o sp h o r u s a n d Methylcarbamate Teratogens: Structural R e qui rem e nts for In d u cin g Em br y onic Ab n o rm alities in C h ic kens an d Ky n u re nine Form am idase I nhi bition i n M ous e Live r. Toxicol.Appl.P har macol 54: 20 3 0 EcoRefe r ence No.: 77201 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L D Z; Ha bitat : T; Effect Codes : PHY,GR O; Rej ection Code : NO EN DPOIN T (DZ, CBL) //NO DIET,C O C. 212. Eulitz, E. G. (1986). Initial Experim e nts in the Control of False W i reworm (Ten ebrionidae) on T obacc o T r ans p lants. Phytophylactica 18 : 115 -11 9 EcoRefe r ence No.: 74106 Chem ical of C once r n: TLF ,T VP,CBL ,ACP M OM ,ES, DZ C PY; Ha bitat : T; E ffect Codes : MOR,POP,BEH; Rej ection C o d e : OK( A LL CH EMS) ,O K TARGET(DZ,ACP,CBL) 2 1 3 Ev an s, D. A. an d Raj, R. K. (1 991 ). Qu assi n: A Mosquito Larvicide wit h Selective Toxi city. J.Ecot oxicol.E nviro n .M o n it. 1: 2 4 3 2 49 EcoRefe r ence No.: 16192 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR,GR O,PHY,BCM; Rejectio n C ode : N O E N DP OI NT(CBL ). Page 312 of 602

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214. Everts, K. L. (1 998). Effects of Host Re sistance and Fungic ides on Yield and Quality of Spinach i n Maryland. Meet.of th e Am.Ph y top a t h o l .So c ., Poto ma c Div., Ma r.1 8 -2 0, 1 998, Mo rg an to w n WV, Ph ytopa tho l og y 8 8 : S130. C h em ical of C once r n: M a ne b D O D C u OH C B L ; Ha bitat : T; R e je ct i o n C ode : NO ABSTRAC T 2 1 5 Fahr ig R. ( 1974 ). Co m p ar ative Mu tag e n i city Stud ies with Pesticid es. IAR C Sci.P ubl. 10 : 1 61181 EcoRefe r ence No.: 76858 C h em ical of C once r n: M C PB,CBL,S Z,D Q T,M P ,Zir am ,DM T ,PCP F olpt,Ca p tan, M C PA,M L N D Z, AN D, EN E S; Habitat : T; Rej ection Code : N O REVI EW 21 6. Falzon M Fe rna n dez, Y. C a m bon G r o s, C ., a n d M itjavi l a, S. ( 1 9 8 3 ). I n fl uence o f Ex perim e ntal Hepatic Im pairm e nt on the To xi cokinetics and the Anticholinesterase Activity of Carbaryl in t h e Rat. J.A p pl.Toxic ol. 3: 8 7 89 EcoRefe r ence No.: 87663 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : M O R,PHY,ACC ; Rej ectio n Cod e : NO CONTROL( CBL) 21 7. Fara ge-Ela war, M a n d R o wles, T. K ( 1 9 9 2 ) To xicol ogy of C a rba r y l an d Aldicar b o n B r ain an d Lim b Cu ltu r e s of C h ick Em b r yo s. J A ppl. T oxic ol. 1 2 : 2 39244 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ADC ; Ha bitat : T; Rej e ction Code : N O IN VITR O(CBL ADC ). 21 8. Fed o r k o, A. K a m i onek, M Kozl ows k a J. and M i an ows k a, E. ( 1 9 7 7 ) T h e E ffects o f S o m e I n secticid es on Nem a to d e s fro m Dif f e r e n t Eco l og ical Gr oup s. Po l. E c o l S tu d. 3 : 7988 EcoRefe r ence No.: 72265 Chem ical of C once r n: HCC H ,CBL,F NT,M XC; H a bitat : T; Effect Codes : MOR; Rejection C ode : NO C O NTROL( TAR G ETCBL) 21 9. Fedtke C ( 1 9 9 1 ) M o de of Action Stu d ies with M e fenac e t. Pestic.Sci. 33: 4 2 1 42 6. EcoRefe r ence No.: 73931 C h em ical of C once r n: M TL, GY P,S X D, HF P, PCP,ATZ,ACR,BTC,DU,C PP,BSF,PAQT,CBL; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : GRO; Rej ection Code : NO C O NTROL(ALL CHEMS). 22 0. Feeney R E. Leo n ar d, R M an d Eu fer n io D. D ( 1 95 6 ) Ir reve rsible Ina c tivation of Lysozym e by Copper. Arch.Bioche m .Bi o phys. 6 1 : 72 -8 3. C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Rej ection Code : NO I N VITR O N O BACT ER IA. 22 1. Feldha us J. M Feld ha us, A J., Ace, L. N. and P ope C N ( 1 99 8) Intera ctive Ef fects of Pesticide Mixt ures on t h e Ne u r ob eh av ior a l Resp on ses and AChE Lev e ls o f Plan ar ia. In: E.E.Little, A.J.DeLonay, and B. M.Greenberg (Eds.) Environm ental Toxi cology and Risk Assessme n t, 7t h V o lu me, AS T M ST P 13 3 3 P h iladel phi a, P A 140 -1 50 EcoRefe r ence No.: 59846 C h em ical of C once r n: 2 4 D X Y ,C B L ,M L N ; Ha bitat : A; E ffect C odes : B C M,BEH; Rejection C ode : N O C O NTRO L(M L N, CBL,24D XY ). 22 2. Feldm a n, K. L. A r m s tron g, D A ., D u m b auld, B R an d L a ng d o n C J. ( 1 9 9 5 ) C o ntr o l ling Page 313 of 602

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Po pulatio ns of B u r r o w in g T h a l assinid S h rim p on Oyster Culture Gr o und s: Eff ects of Harv esting an d Sh ell C o nf igur atio n on Recru i t m en t o f Youn g-o f t h e -Year. J.Shellfish Res. 1 4 : 26 5. C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; Rej ection Code : NO ABSTRACT( CBL) 223. Feral, C. and LeGall, S. (1982). The Influence of a Pollu tant Factor (Tribut y ltin) on the Neuroendocrine Mecha n ism Repons ible for the Occure nce of a Penis i n t h e Fem a les of Ocene b ra eri n a cea. I n : J.Lever an d H.H.Bo er (Ed s .) Mo lluscan Neuro e ndo crino l og y: Procee din g s of the Inter nati o nal Minisym p o s ium on M o lluscan E n docri n ology, Elsevier, Amster dam 173 -17 5 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; Rej ection Code : NO CO NC. 22 4. Fer n an dezAlb a A R G u il, L. H., Lo p ez, G. D. a n d Chi s ti, Y. ( 2 001) Toxicity of Pesticides in Wastewater: A Com p ara tive Asses s m e nt of R a pid B i oassa y s A nal.C him Acta 4 2 6 : 2 89301 EcoRefe r ence No.: 74540 Chem ical of C once r n: DZ ,D DT,CBL,CBF M LN,CYR ,F M P ,FTT ,PPM P A Q T; Ha bitat : A; Effect C ode s : MOR; Rej ection C ode : LIT E EVAL CODE D(CBF ) O K ( D D T ,CY R ,FM P ,FT T ,P PM ,PA Q T ) N O RE VIE W ( D Z,CBL,M LN ). 22 5. Fer n an dezAlb a A R G u il, L. H., Lo p ez, G. D. a n d Chi s ti, Y. ( 2 001) Toxicity of Pesticides in Wastewater: A Com p ara tive Asses s m e nt of R a pid B i oassa y s A nal.C him Acta 4 2 6 : 2 89301 User 1 A b bre v iation: w w w sc iencedirect.c o m (199 5Prese n t) EcoRefe r ence No.: 74540 Chem ical of C once r n: DZ ,D DT,CBL,CBF M LN,CYR ,F M P ,FTT ,PPM P A Q T; Ha bitat : A; Effect C ode s : MOR; Rej ection C ode : LIT E EVAL CODE D(CBF ),OK(ALL CHEM S),NO RE V I EW (D Z) 22 6. Fer n an dez, O A. (1 9 6 5 ) ( G e r m i nacion y D e sarr ollo de Se m i llas de Pe pi no y Na b o Sem b radas a D i stintas Pr of un dida des e n u n Su elo Trata d o con el Aci d o 2,4-D) Ge rm ination and Growt h of Cucum b er a n d Tu rn ip Seed s So wn at Diff er en t Dep t h in a 2,4 Dich loro ph en ox yacetic Acid-Treated Soil. Rev.Fac A g ro n U n iv.N ac .la P l ata 4 1 : 18 7-19 6. EcoRefe r ence No.: 30076 C h em ical of C once r n: 2 4 D X Y ,C B L ; Ha bitat : T; Rej ection C ode : NO FO REIG N. 227. Fitzgerald, G. P., Gerl of f, G C., a n d S k oog F. ( 195 2) Stud ies o n Chem icals with Selective Toxicity to Blue-Green Al gae. Sew a ge I n d. Wastes 24 : 888896 EcoRefe r ence No.: 8065 Ch em ica l o f Co n c ern : NAA I A A C N Cu S, 24 DXY ,A N, BZD CBL; H a b itat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR; Rej ection Code : NO CONTROL(ALL CHEMS) 228. Fleeger J. W., Carm an, K. R an d Nisbet, R M ( 2 00 3) In d i rect Effects of Contam inants in Aquatic Ecosyste m s Sci.Tot a l Environ. 317 : 207 -23 3 EcoRefe r ence No.: 87526 C h em ical of C once r n: ES,CBL,CP Y C YP,E FV ,F N V ,PM R H CCH ,TM P D M A T Z,LNR G FS,B N Z,C u ,P A H ,L PS,PC P,CBD,C d,TB T; Ha bitat : A; Rej ection C o de : N O RE VIE W ( A LL CHE M S). Page 314 of 602

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2 2 9 Fr an k, K. ( 1 994 ). En erg i skogen s Miljo ekon sek v e n s er Asp e k t er Paa Od ling Slam g o e d s lin g Och Foerbraenning. (E nvi ronmental Effects of Energy Forest (Short Rotation W illow). Asp e cts on C u ltiv atio n Sludge Ap p lication an d Co m b u s tion) Sw e d ish N a t i on al B oar d f o r I ndu stria l a n d Techn i ca l Develo pmen t, S t o c kh o l m, S w ed en (NTI S# DE9476 335 8 ) 31. C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Rej ection Code : No Mix t ur e-Field NonEnglish, NO M I XT URE. 2 3 0 Fr eitag D. Geyer H Kr aus, A. V i sw an at han, R. Kotzia s, D ., Attar, A Klein, W., a nd Kor t e, F. ( 1982 ). Eco t ox ico l o g i cal Pro f ile An alysis VII Scr e en ing Ch emicals f o r Th eir En viro nm ental B e ha vior by C o m p arative E v aluation. Ec ot oxicol.E nvir on .S af. 6 : 6081 EcoRefe r ence No.: 3781 C h em ical of C once r n: A N P AH ,PCP,PCB,AND,NP,CBL; Hab itat : AT; Effect Codes : ACC; Rej ection C o d e : NO EN DPOI NT, C ON TROL(A LL CH EMS). 23 1. Gaines T. B ( 1 9 6 9 ) A c ute T oxicity o f Pesti c ides. T o xicol. Ap pl.Ph a r m ac ol. 1 4 : 51 5-5 34. EcoRefe r ence No.: 36729 C h em ical of C once r n: AN D,C H D D D T, DL D,E S ,E N, HPT, HCCH T XP, D Z PRN As,C u,CBL, N AP H,P A H,PC P,CN, PQT, PPB, P P H D,Zi neb,M R X, ABT, DM T, DS ,FNT ,PSM ,Nal ed, O X D ,T HM H CCH,M L N M P, FPN,ETN; Habitat : T; Effec t Codes : MOR ; Rej ection Code : NO CO NT ROL( ALL CHEMS). 2 3 2 Gapo ch k a L. D., Ar tiuk c hova, V. I Lob a ch ev a, G. V., and Leb e d e v a T. E. ( 198 0) Th e Study of the Adaptation of Bl ue-Green Algae Synechocysti s aquatilis and Anacystis nidulans to Dis p er sant DN -75. Ve stn. Mosk. U niv.Se r 1 6 Bi ol. 2 : 30 -3 8 ( R U S ) (ENG A B S). EcoRefe r ence No.: 6932 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; R e j ection Code : NO FOREIGN. 23 3. Garci n u n o R M ., Fe rna n dezHer n a n d o P. and C a m a ra, C ( 2 00 3) E v alu a tion of Pesticide Upta ke by L u p i nus See d s. Wa t e r R e s. 3 7 : 34 81348 9. EcoRefe r ence No.: 69589 Chem ical of C once r n: AT Z,S Z ,CBL,FM P ,P M R ,LNR; Ha bitat : T; Effec t Codes : ACC; Rej ectio n Code : N O E N DP OI NT,C ON TROL(M T L ), TA RGET( ATZ S Z ,CBL). 234. Garte n C. T. a n d Tra b alka J R. ( 1 983). E v a l uation o f M o d e ls fo r Pr edicting Terrestrial Food C h ain B e havi o r of Xe no biotic s. E n vir o n.Sci.Technol. 17 : 59 0-5 9 5 EcoRefe r ence No.: 36745 C h em ical of C once r n: D Z ,A D C AND, A Z B MY ,H CCH CBL, C H D C PY C PY M,CMPH ,D D T D MB, D LD, D M T D U ES,E N,ET N,M L N,M T Z M X C,M R X,PP H D PCL, T D Z,TXP,TPR,TFL,PC B; Ha bitat : AT; Rej ectio n Code : NO REV I EW ,N O TITLES, NO REFS CH ECKED 23 5. Genc soy l u I ., Liu, W. Usm a ni, K. A. a n d Kn o w les, C O ( 1 99 8) T o xicity of Acaricid es to the Bul b Mite Rhizoglyphus ech inopus (Acari: Acaridae). Ex p.A ppl. A ca rol. 22 : 343 -3 51 EcoRefe r ence No.: 64443 C h em ical of C once r n: TFY, FPP ,CY P ,D DT, I M C ,CP Y D Z, DM T,C B L,RTN, PM R, FN V,BFT CBF,DL D E N A N D ,F P N; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : MOR; Rej ectio n Cod e : L I T E EV AL CO D E D(CBF ), OK TARGET(DM T,RTN,CYP B F T,FP N,DZ ),OK(ALL CHEM S). Page 315 of 602

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236. Gentile, T J. a n d Calabre s e, E. J. (198 7). S c reeni n g for P o tiential Hem o lytic Response s to Environm ental Agents Usi n g a Bioactivation System: Eval uation of Six Pesticides. J.Envir o n.Sci Health P a rt A 22: 4 2 7 44 4. C h em ical of C once r n: M TL, C B L ,DU G Y P M L N; Habitat : T; Rej ection Code : NO IN VITR O. 23 7. Geo r ghi ou G. P. ( 1 99 0 ) The Effect of Agrochem icals on Vecto r P o pulat ions In : R T. R ous h an d B.E. Ta b a s hnik ( E ds.) Pe sticide Resista n ce in Arthropo d s C h ap ter 7, Chap man a nd Ha ll, New Yo rk, NY 1 83202 EcoRefe r ence No.: 70833 C h em ical of C once r n: D D T, C B L ,DL D ,C P Y ; Habitat : T; Rej ection C o de : N O RE VIE W 23 8. Geo r ghi ou G. P. ( 1 97 2 ) Stu d i es o n R e sistan ce to C a r b am ate an d Or ga no p hos p h o r us Insecticides in Anopheles albi manus. A m .J. T ro p.Me d. Hy g. 21 : 797 -80 6 Ch em ica l o f Co n c ern : A B T, PPX CBL, M P, PRN MLN, DDT, D LD ,FNTH FN T,DD VP, C PY ; Habitat : T; Rej ection Code : NO REVIE W (ALL C H EMS ) 23 9. Gey e r, H ., Poli tzki, G ., a n d F r eitag, D (1 9 8 4 ) P r e d iction o f Ecot oxic o lo gical B e havi ou r of Chem ica l s: Relationshi p Bet w een N-Oc tanol/ W a ter Partition C o efficient and Bioaccum u lation of Orga nic Chem ica l s by Alga C h lorella. C h em os phe r e 13 : 269 -28 3 EcoRefe r ence No.: 11297 Chem ical of C once r n: PCP, 24D X Y ,BZ O ,C YP, P NB, A TZ CBL,DBN ,HC C H,N A P H ; H a bitat : A; E ffect C o des : AC C ; R e je ction C ode : NO CONTR O L(ALL C H EMS ) 240. Ghe r si-E gea, J. F., W a lthe r B., Decolin, D. M i nn, A. a n d Siest, G (1987). The Activity of 1 Nap h t h o l -UDP-Glu cur onosyltr an sf er ase in th e Br ain. N e ur op h a rm ac o l ogy 26 : 367 -37 2 EcoRefe r ence No.: 88476 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : B C M; Rej ection Code : NO IN VITR O(CBL ). 24 1. Gh os h, C ., R a y A K., B h atta chary a S., an d Bh attach ar ya, S. (20 01) Sub Leth al Concentration of Pesticides Im pair Interrenal Steroi do ge n e sis in F r es hwater Perc h, Anabas testudine us. A s ian J.Micr obi ol., Biotech n o l. Enviro n. Sci. 3: 1 7 2 4. C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; Rej ection Code : NO SOURCE(CBL) 24 2. Gh os h, P. a n d B h attachary a S. ( 1 99 2 ) I n V i vo a n d In Vitr o Acety l cholin esterase I n hibit i on by M e tacid50 and C a r b ary l i n C h an na p unc tatus U n der Na tural Field C o n d ition. Biome d .E nvir o n S ci. 5 : 1824 EcoRefe r ence No.: 13352 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L M P; Ha bitat : A; Rej ection Code : N O M I XTUR E. 24 3. Gh os h, P. K. ( 1 9 9 0 ) I n ter r elations hip of Acetylcholinesterase-Acetylcholine, Tr iio do th y r on in eThr yox in e an d Gon a do tropin Gon a d o t ropin Releasing Ho r m o n e in Pesticide Treat ed M u rrel, Ch a nna punctatus (Bloch). Ph .D T hesis ( S yn o p s i s) Visva-B h ar ati University, Santiniketan, Indi a 6p EcoRefe r ence No.: 17838 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L M P; Ha bitat : A; E ffect C o des : BCM; Rejection C ode : NO EN DPOIN T ( C BL) Page 316 of 602

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2 4 4 Gibb s, K. E., Min g o T. M., an d Cou r tem a n c h D. L. (1 982) Th e Eff ects in 1 982 o n Po nd Macr o i nv er tebr ates fr o m Forest Spr a yin g of Car b ar yl, Sev i n 4 Oil in 19 80 K G Str a tto n ( E d.) Enviro n. Mo nit.C o o p S p r uce B u dw or m C o ntrol Pr oje c t, Mai n e Dep C ons ., Fore stry 17 p. EcoRefe r ence No.: 4768 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : POP; Rej ection Code : NO EN DPOIN T ( C BL) 2 4 5 Gibb s, K. E., Min g o T. M., an d Cou r tem a n c h D. L. (1 981) Th e Long T er m Ef f ects on Pon d Macr o i nv er tebr ates fr o m Forest Spr a yin g of Car b ar yl ( S ev in -4 -Oil) I n 1980 an d I t s Persistence in Water and Sedi m e nt in 1981. K.G.S t ra tto n (Ed ) En viro n.Mon it.Co op .Spru ce Bu dw or m C ont rol Pr oject, M a ine De p.C ons ., B u r. of F o r. : 20 p EcoRefe r ence No.: 4767 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : POP; Rej ection Code : NO EN DPOIN T ( C BL) 2 4 6 Gibb s, K. E., Min g o T. M., an d Cou r tem a n c h D. L. (1 984) Per s isten c e of Carb ar yl ( S ev in 4-Oil) in Woodland Ponds an d its Ef f ects on Pond Macro i nv erte brates Fol l owing Forest Spraying. Ca n E n to mo l 1 16: 2 0 3 21 3. EcoRefe r ence No.: 11294 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : POP; Rej ection Code : NO EN DPOIN T ( C BL) 2 4 7 Gibb s, K. E., Min g o T. M., an d Cou r tem a n c h D. L. (1 983) Per s isten c e of Carb ar yl ( S ev in 4Oil) in Wo o d lan d P o nd s a n d Its Ef fects on Po n d M acr oin v erte brates Fol l owin g Fo rest Sp rayin g (1 980 -19 8 3 ) I n : K G. Stratt on ( E d ) Enviro n.M o nit.C o op .S pr uc e Bu dw o r m C o ntrol Project, M a ine Fore st Serv ., Dep of C o nser vation A u gust, ME 3 7 -6 6 ( P ub l As 1129 4) EcoRefe r ence No.: 4769 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; R e j ection Code : N O P U BL AS 248. Gilbert, F., Galgani, F. a n d C a dio u Y. ( 1 99 2) R a pi d A ssessm ent of Metabolic Activity in M a rine M i cr oa lgae: A p plication i n Ec oto x ic ol og ical Tests an d Ev alu a tion of Water Qu ality. Mar.Biol.(Berl.) 112: 1 9 9 2 0 5 EcoRefe r ence No.: 68365 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : HCC H ,Zn,Cu ,PCP,C BL; Hab itat : A; E ffect C o des : BCM; Rejection C ode : OK (H C C H Zn ), NO C ONTR O L( Cu,PCP,CBL). 249. Gilbert, F., Galgani, F. a n d C a dio u Y. ( 1 99 2) R a pi d A ssessm ent of Metabolic Activity in M a rine M i cr oa lgae: A p plication i n Ec oto x ic ol og ical Tests an d Ev alu a tion of Water Qu ality. Mar.Biol. 1 12: 1 9 9 20 5. EcoRefe r ence No.: 68365 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : HCC H ,Zn,Cu ,PCP,C BL; Hab itat : A; E ffect C o des : BCM; Rejection C ode : OK (H C C H Zn ), NO C ONTR O L( Cu,PCP,CBL). 250. Gill, T. S., Pant, J. C., an d Pant, J. (1988). Gill, Liver, an d Kidney Lesions Associated with Ex perim e ntal Ex pos u r es to C a rba r y l an d Dim e t hoate in t h e Fish (Pun tius conchonius Ha m ). Bull.Envir o n.C ont am .T oxicol. 41 : 7178 EcoRefe r ence No.: 5617 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L D M T ; Habitat : A; Effect Codes : C EL; R e jection C ode : NO Page 317 of 602

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EN DPOIN T (DMT, CBL) 25 1. Go rter, C J (1 96 2 ) F u rthe r E xpe rim e nts on Au xin Sy ner g ists. Physiol.Plant. 15 : 8 8 -9 5. EcoRefe r ence No.: 40795 C h em ical of C once r n: I A A C B L; Ha bitat : T; Effect Codes : PO P; R e je ction C ode : NO EN DPOIN T (IA A, CBL) 252. Grafton-Cardwell, E. E. and Hoy, M. A. (1985). Intr aspecifi c Variability in Response to Pesticides in t h e Com m on Green Lace wing, Ch ry so pe rla ca rnea (Ste phe ns ) ( N e u r o ptera: C h ry so pi dae). Hilgardi a 53: 13 1 EcoRefe r ence No.: 73696 C h em ical of C once r n: M O M DZ,PM R F N V C B L ,PSM ; MOR,REP; Rej ectio n Cod e : TARGET(DZ ). Habitat : T; Effect Codes : 25 3. Gra f to n-C a rd w e ll, E. E. M o rs e, J. G. a n d Gjerde A. (1 9 9 8 ) Ef fect of I n se cticide Treatm e nts to R e d u ce In fe station by C itrus T h rips (T hy san optera: Th ri pidae ) on G r o w th o f N o n b ea rin g Citrus. J.Ec on .Ent om ol. 91 : 2 35242 EcoRefe r ence No.: 82778 Chem ical of C once r n: M L SS M OM ,Nale d M LK,F VL, D M T ,SBD A,CB L,FO ,CP Y A CP,FTT; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : GRO,REP,POP; Rej ection Code : N O M I XT URE( ALL CHEMS),TAR GET( CBL) 25 4. Gra h l, K. ( 1 9 8 3 ) T h e C l assif i cation o f Wat e r Pollutants According t o Their Toxicity to Aqu a tic Org a nis m s ( D ie Klassif i zier un g von W a sser i nh altssto f f e n n a ch ihr e m Toxizitatspotential Gegenub er W a s s e ror g an is m e n ) Acta H y dr ochi m. Hydr obi ol. 11: 1 3 7 14 3 (GER ) (EN G TR AN SL) EcoRefe r ence No.: 49690 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; R e j ection Code : NO REFS CHECKED,NO REVI EW. 25 5. Gra u slu n d J. ( 1 9 8 8 ) F r uit T h innin g V I F u r t her E x perim e nts on C h em ical Thin nin g o f the Apple C u ltivar 'Summerred'. Tidsskr.Planteavl 92 : 2 69273 EcoRefe r ence No.: 77552 C h em ical of C once r n: C a PS, EPH,C B L ; Ha bitat : T; Effec t Codes : GR O,POP; Rej ection C ode : O K ( E P H ), N O M I XT URE(CBL ),C ONC (CaPS ) ,T ARGE T(CBL) 256. Greaves, J. H., Shepherd, D. S., and Gill, J. E. (1982). An Investigation of Difenacoum Resistance in Norway Rat Po pulations in Ham p shire. An n. Ap p l B io l. 1 00: 5 8 1 58 7. EcoRefe r ence No.: 49712 C h em ical of C once r n: D F M C B L ; Ha bitat : T; E ffect Codes : M O R,BEH; Rej ection C o d e : NO CO NTRO L,EN DP OI NT (DFM ). 25 7. Gr ob a, J a n d Trzcins ka, B ( 1 9 8 0 ) E ff ect of Selected Organoph osphorous a n d Carbam ate I n secticid es on Rain bow Tr out ( S alm o g a irdn er i R.) Br o m atol.C hem T o k s ykol. 12 : 33 -38 (C ZE) (E N G AB S) EcoRefe r ence No.: 6861 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : B C M; Rej ection Code : NO FOREIGN( CB L) Page 318 of 602

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25 8. Gr osc h D. S. ( 1 9 7 3 ) R e p r od uction Tests: T h e T o xicity for Artem i a of De rivatives Fr om Non-Persistent Pesticides Bi ol.B ull. 145 : 34 0-3 5 1 EcoRefe r ence No.: 8852 C h em ical of C once r n: DZ ,N P C B L ; Ha bitat : A; Effect Codes : RE P,MOR,POP; Re jection C ode : N O E N DP OI NT( A LL CHEM S ) 25 9. Gr ub er, S. J. a n d M u nn M D. ( 1 9 9 8 ) Or gan o p h o s p hate an d C a r b am ate I n secticides i n Agricultural Waters and C h olines terase (C hE) Inhibition in Comm on Carp (Cyprinus carpio). Arch. E nvir on C ont am .T oxico l 35 : 391 -39 6 EcoRefe r ence No.: 86598 Chem ical of C once r n: DZ ,CP Y A Z, DS,CBL ,M LN, E P; Ha bitat : A; R e jec tion C ode : NO M I XT URE. 26 0. Gua k S. B e ulah, M ., a n d L o oney N E ( 2 0 0 4 ) Thi nni ng of Fu ji a n d Gala A pple with L i m e Sulphur and Ot her Chem icals. Acta Hortic. 6 3 6 : 3 39346 EcoRefe r ence No.: 77606 C h em ical of C once r n: C a PS, C B L ; Ha bitat : T; E ffect Codes : PH Y; R e jection C ode : NO ENDPOINT(ALL CHEM S),T ARGE T(CBL). 2 6 1 G u ilb au lt, G G Sad a r, M. H Ku an S. an d Casey, D (1 970 ). Ef f ect of Pesticid es on Liv e r C holineste rase s fr om R a bbit, Pigeo n C h ic ke n, Shee p a n d P i g. An al.C hi m. Acta 5 1 : 83 -9 3. C h em ical of C once r n: D D V P PR N,M P ,C B L ; Ha bitat : T; Rej ection Code : NO I N VI TRO 262. Gupta, A. and Si nghal, G. S. (1996). Effect of He avy Metals on Ph ycobiliproteins of Anacystis nidulans. Pho t osynth etica (Prague) 3 2 : 54 5548 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; Rej ection Code : NO I N VITR O 26 3. Gu pta, B P a n d R a i, K. M (1 98 4 ) P h y t ot ox ic Effects o f S o m e Insecticid es o f Peac h Saplings. Prog.Hortic. 16 : 15 0-1 5 2 EcoRefe r ence No.: 57161 Chem ical of C once r n: DL D, DZ, H PT ,D DT, CBL,FNT H, E S ,DEM ,EPR N; Ha bitat : T; Effect C odes : PHY,CEL; Rej ection C ode : NO OM, pH //N O EN DPOI NT(A LL CH EMS) 264. Gupta, R and Sahai, Y. N. (1989). Qua litati ve Detection of Orga nochlorine and Carbamate Residues in t h e Brain of Catfi s h, Hetero penustes fossilis (Bloch) by Thin Layer C h r o m a tograp hy En viro n.Exp e r.To xico logy 15 1-1 5 6 EcoRefe r ence No.: 13286 C h em ical of C once r n: ES, H C C H,C B L ; Hab itat : A; Ef fect Codes : ACC; Rej ectio n Code : NO CO NTRO L,EN DP OI NT (AL L CH EM S ) 26 5. Gu pta, S. L. (1 98 5 ) In flue nce o f I n or ga nic N itroge nN u trie nts on C o ppe r To xicity in Anacy stis nid u l ans a n d C y an op ha ge AS -I R e sistant M u tant Bull.Bot.Surv.Indi a 27: 1 4 2 14 4. C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; Rej ection Code : NO D U RA TI ON 266. Gworek, B. (1992) Inactivati o n of Cadm iu m in Contaminat ed Soils Usi n g Sy nthetic Zeolites. Environ.Pollut 75 : 2 69272 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Rej ection Code : NO CO NC. Page 319 of 602

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26 7. Hadle r M R R e dfe r n R an d R o we F P. ( 1 9 7 5 ) La bo rat o ry E v aluati on o f Di fenac o u m as a Rodenticide. J Hy g. 74 : 4 41448 EcoRefe r ence No.: 86457 C h em ical of C once r n: D F M WFN,CPC,DPC,CBL; Hab itat : T; Effect Codes : PHY,BEH,MOR; Rej ectio n Co d e : NO CO NTRO L(A L L CH EMS). 2 6 8 Haid er G. (1 98 8) Histop atho log i sc he Ve ra nde r u n g e n in d e r M u s k ulatur vo n R e gen b oge nf o r ellen nach La ngzeitein wir k u n g v o n Zi nk Fischer.Teichwirt. 3 9 : 18 1-18 6 (GER ). EcoRefe r ence No.: 3877 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; R e j ection Code : NO FOREIGN. 269. Halliday, W. R ., Morgan, N. O., and Kirkpatrick, R. L. (1987) Eval uation of Insecticides for Co n t ro l o f Stored -Pro du ct Pe s t s in T r ans p ort Vehicles. J.Entomol.Sci. 22 : 2 24236 EcoRefe r ence No.: 70501 C h em ical of C once r n: RSM, DD T, CBL, MO M, BD C, BFT,ACP CH T,FPP ,CY F ,F VL,C YP, P M R F N V ; Habitat : T; Effect C ode s : MOR,PHY; R e j ection Code : NO EN DPOIN T (A LL CHEMS,TAR G ET( B FT,C YF,ACP,CBL,M OM) 27 0. Ham l en, R A and He nley R W. ( 1 97 6) Phytotoxicity to Tropi cal Foliage Plants of Repeated Insecticide and Miticide Applica tions Under Fi berglassC overed Greenhouse Conditions. Proc.Fl a .State Hortic.Soc. 89 : 33 6-3 3 8 EcoRefe r ence No.: 25150 Chem ical of C once r n: RSM OM L, ACP,CP Y, DM T,CBL; Ha bitat : T; E ffect C odes : PH Y, GRO; Re jection Code : NO ENDP OINT(ALL C H EM S),T ARGET(C B L). 271. Han Il, R., Shi m J. C., H o ng, H. K ., L ee, J S., C h o H. W. an d Kim C L. ( 1 98 1) St udi es o n Control Effects of Pesticide A pplications Against the Vector Mos q uito La rvae in Rice Fie l ds in Korea. Korean J.Entomol. 11 : 3945 EcoRefe r ence No.: 10440 C h em ical of C once r n: M L N DZ, A B T F NT C PY,C B L ; H a bitat : A; E f f ect Codes : MOR,POP; Rej ectio n Cod e : LITE EV AL C ODE D ( DZ ), O K ( A BT,F NT ,CPY) N O EN DPOIN T ( C BL, M LN) 272. Hanazat o, T. a n d Yas u no, M. (1987). Effect s of a Ca rbam at e Insecticide Carba r yl, on t h e Su mm er Ph ytoan d Zoop lankto n C o mm u n iti es in Pond s. Environ.Pollut. 48: 1 4 5 15 9. EcoRefe r ence No.: 12620 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : P O P,SYS; Reje ction C ode : NO EN DPOIN T ( C BL) 273. Hanazat o, T. a n d Yas u no, M. (1988). Effect s of a Ca rbam at e Insecticide Carba r yl, on t h e Zooplankt on Comm unities in Ponds. 2. Expe rim e nt in the C o ld Season. Res.Re p.N a tl. I n st.E nviro n S t u d /K ok uritsu K o g a i K e nky u s h o K e nky o H o koku 1 1 4 : 4 95 7 (JPN) (ENG ABS) (Publ As 8962) EcoRefe r ence No.: 8964 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; R e j ection Code : N O F O REI G N, NO Q S AR. 274. Hanazat o, T. a n d Yas u no, M. (1989). Ef fect s of Carba r yl on the Spri ng Z o oplankton Page 320 of 602

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Comm unities i n Ponds. Envi ron.Pollut. 56: 11 0 EcoRefe r ence No.: 839 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : POP; Rej ection Code : NO EN DPOIN T ( C BL) 275. Hanazat o, T. a n d Yas u no, M. (1990). Infl ue nce of Cha o borus De nsity on the Effects of a n Insecticide on Zooplankt on Comm unities in Ponds. Hydrobiologia 194 : 18 3-1 9 7 EcoRefe r ence No.: 3111 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : POP; Rej ection Code : NO EN DPOIN T ( C BL) 276. Hanazat o, T. a n d Yas u no, M. (1989). In fl ue nce of Overwi nterin g Da phni a on Spring Zooplankt on Comm unities: An Experim e ntal Study. Ecol.R es. 4 : 323 -3 28 ( A u t ho r C o m m unicatio n Used ). EcoRefe r ence No.: 8962 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : POP; Rej ection Code : NO EN DPOIN T ( C BL) 277. Hanazat o, T. a n d Yas u no, M. (1990). Infl ue nce of Persistence Pe riod of a n Insecticide on R ecove ry Patte rns o f a Zo o p lankt on C o m m unity in E xpe ri m e ntal Pon d s Environ.Pollut. 67 : 1 09122 EcoRefe r ence No.: 8879 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : POP; Rej ection Code : NO EN DPOIN T ( C BL) 278. Hanazat o, T. a n d Yas u no, M. (1990). Infl ue nce of Tim e of A pplication of an Insecticide on R ecove ry Patte rns o f a Zo o p lankt on C o m m unity in E xpe ri m e ntal Pon d s Arch. E nvir on C ont am .T oxico l 19 : 7783 EcoRefe r ence No.: 3007 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : POP; Rej ection Code : NO EN DPOIN T ( C BL) 27 9. Han k e r I., Tal m r, L., an d K u delo va, A. ( 1 9 7 6 ) I n fl uence of Lan n ate (M ethom y l ) and Cytrolane Insecticides on th e Up tak e an d Tran sp or tatio n of 32 P Pho s p horu s I s o t o p e in Ho p Seedlings (Vli k Insekticidu La nnate (Methom yl) a Cytrolane na Prijem a Transport 32P u Sem e nacku C h m e le. Sb.UNV I ( U stav.Ve d ec kotech. I nf.) Ochr.R ostln. 1 2 : 2 33237 ( C ZE). C h em ical of C once r n: M O M C B L ; Ha bitat : T; R e je ct i o n C ode : NO SOURCE. 28 0. Hans en D J ( 1 9 6 9 ) A v oida nce of Pesticid es by Unt r aine d S h ee ps head M i nn ows Tran s.Am.Fish.So c. 98 : 426 -42 9 EcoRefe r ence No.: 5145 Chem ical of C once r n: 24DX Y ,CBL,CP Y M LN, DDT ,E N ; Ha bitat : A; Effect C ode s : BEH; Rej ectio n Code : NO CONTROL( CBL) 281. Hans en, D J ., M a tthews, E., Nall, S. L. a n d D u m a s, D. P (1 9 7 2 ) A voi da nce of Pesticid es by Unt r aine d M o s quito fish Gam busia af finis. Bull.Envir o n.C ont am .T oxicol. 8: 46 5 1 EcoRefe r ence No.: 5147 C h em ical of C once r n: D D T, C B L ,EN,M L N ; Ha bitat : A; Effect C ode s : BEH; Rej ection Page 321 of 602

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C ode : N O E N DP OI NT( A LL CHEM S ) 282. Harilal, K. S. and Sahai, Y. N. (1990). Quali t ativ e Identification of Meta bolites of Carbaryl in the Gonads of Catfish Hetero pneustes fossilis (Bloch). J E n viro n.Bi ol.1 1( 2S u p p ) 25 32 5 8 EcoRefe r ence No.: 5010 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : Cr Cl3 NaCN,CBL; Hab itat : A; E ffect C odes : ACC; Rej ectio n Co d e : NO CO NTRO L,EN DP OI NT (AL L CH EM S ) 2 8 3 Harr is, C. R. an d Sv ec, H. J. ( 197 0) Labo r a to r y Stu d i es on th e C o n t act To x i city of So me Insecticides to Honeybees. Pestic.Prog. 8: 2 5 2 8. EcoRefe r ence No.: 70979 C h em ical of C once r n: PRN CBL,D LD ,A ND ,D Z,EN C HD ,DD T ,ES, HPT, MLN MO M, CPY, CBF, N a led A Z ,D MT; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : M O R; Rej ection Code : N O E N DP OI NT( A LL CH E M S TA RG E T A Z, TA RG E T CBL M LN M O M ) 28 4. Hashim oto, Y. and F ukam i J. I. (1 9 6 9 ) To xi city of Orally a n d T opically A pplied Pesticid e In gre d ients to C a rp, C y pri n u s car pio Li nn e. Bo tyuKaga ku 34: 6 3 6 6. EcoRefe r ence No.: 9038 C h em ical of C once r n: CBL,DD T ,E N, DLD A N D ,PR N ,M P, DZ ,M O M ,RTN, A T N F BM ,Ziram ,FNT, A N Z N aP CP,Zn; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR; Rej ection C ode : NO CO N T RO L( ALL CH EMS) 28 5. Hashim oto, Y. and Nis h iuc h i, Y. (1 9 8 1 ) Esta blishm ent of B i oassay M e th o d s fo r t h e Evaluatio n o f Acute To xicity o f Pe sticides to Aquatic Organism s. J.Pestic.Sci. 6: 2 5 7 2 64 (JP N ) (E NG A B S). EcoRefe r ence No.: 5761 C h em ical of C once r n: D D T T PN ,FNTH 24 OX Y, PRN PA QT, C BL, P YN ,Zin eb ,CZE, FBM, PPX PPX, MO M,ES, T BC ,M LN, F E,S Z N aPCP,Ca p tan,A N D DZ ,ET N ,FL A C, PP N, FNT,R T N EN CBL; Ha bitat : A; Effect C ode s : MOR; Rej ection C ode : NO FO REIG N, CONTRO L,( A LL CH EMS). 286. Hassa n, S. A. Albe rt, R., Bigler, F ., Blai singer P ., B oge ns chutz, H ., B o ller, E ., B r un, J. Chivert o n, P ., Edwar d s, P. E ngle r t, W. D. Hua n g, P., I n glesfield, C ., Nat o n, E ., O o m e n, P. A., O v erm eer, W. P. J ., Riec km ann, W. Sa m s os-Petersen, L., Staubli, A. T u set, J J. Vigg ian i G., an d Vanwetswin k e l, G. ( 198 7). Results of the Third Jo i n t Pesticide Testing Pro g r am m e by the IOB C / WP R S W o r ki ng G r o u p P e sticides an d B e nefici al Or ga nism s. J.Ap pl.E nto m o l 1 03: 9 2 1 07 EcoRefe r ence No.: 59146 User De fine 2: REPS,WASH,CALF,C O RE,SENT Chem ical of C once r n: SZ,CB L ,PHM D; Ha bitat : T; Effec t Codes : MOR POP,P H Y; Rej ectio n Code : N O CO NT ROL(S Z ,P HM D). 287. Hassa n, S. A. Albe rt, R., Bigler, F ., Blai singer P ., B oge ns chutz, H ., B o ller, E ., B r un, J. Chivert o n, P ., Edwar d s, P. E ngle r t, W. D. Hua n g, P., I n glesfield, C ., Nat o n, E ., O o m e n, P. A., O v erm eer, W. P. J ., Riec km ann, W. Sa m s oe-Petersen, L., Staubli, A. T u set, J J. Vigg ian i G., an d Vanwetswin k e l, G. ( 198 7). Results of the Third Jo i n t Pesticide Testing Pr ogr am b y th e IOBC/W P RS-Wo r k i ng Gr ou p "P esticides and Bene ficial Orga nism s". J.Ap pl.E nto m o l 1 03: 9 2 1 07 EcoRefe r ence No.: 59146 Page 322 of 602

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Chem ical of C once r n: AM TL ,ACP, P HM D, AM Z,PM R, SZ ,CBL,M OM ,M ZB; Ha bitat : T; Effect C ode s : MOR,POP,PHY; Rej ection C ode : NO CO NTRO L(SZ,PHMD ) ,NO ENDPOINT(ALL CHEM S). 288. Hata, T Y., Ha ra, A. H. a n d Hu, B. K. S. (1997). M o llusci c ides a n d Mechanical Ba rriers Agai nst Sl ugs Vagi nula ple b e i a Fischer and Veronicella cubensis (Pfeiffer) (Stylom m a tophora: Veronicellidae). Crop Pro t 16 : 501 -50 6 EcoRefe r ence No.: 86757 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : MCB,MAL,CBL; Hab itat : T; Effe ct Codes : MOR; Rej ection Code : NO M I XTUR E(CBL,M CB). 28 9. Hatch, R C ( 1 98 8 ) P o is ons C a usin g Ner v o u s Stim ulation or De pre ssio n In : N H.Boo t h an d L.E.McDonald (Eds.) Vet.Phar macol.Theraput., 6t h Edition, Iowa State Univ.Press, Ames, Iow a 10 5 3 1 10 1 EcoRefe r ence No.: 70678 C h em ical of C once r n: P N B P b DDT ,ES CH D, HCCH,T XP A N D ,E N, DLD,CBL,PRN,CPY; Habitat : T; Rej ection Code : NO COC,NO REVI EW. 29 0. Hattensc h wiler S. an d Scha fe llner, C ( 1 9 99) Oppo sing Eff ects of Elev ated C O 2 and N Deposition on Lym a ntria m o nacha La rvae Feeding on Spruce Trees. Oe cologia 11 8 : 21 0 21 7. C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Rej ection Code : NO TO X I CA NT. 29 1. Have n, D ., C a s t agna, M C h a n ley P. Wass, M ., a n d Whitc om b, J. (1 9 6 6 ) Ef fects o f t h e Treatm e nt of a n Oy ster B e d with P o ly strea m and Sevi n. Chesape a ke Sc i. 7 : 1 79188 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; Rej ection Code : NO M I XT URE,E N DP OI NT(CBL ). 29 2. Have ns K E (1 9 9 3 ) The Ef fects o f T w o C h em ical Stressors on t h e Fres hwate r Z o opla nkt on: A M e s o cosm Study Ohio J.Sci. 93 : 47 p C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ,C u; Habitat : A; Rej ection C o de : NO ABSTR A CT( CBL,C u ) 29 3. Have rty M I. and Wo od J R ( 1 9 8 1 ) R e si dual Toxicity of Eleve n Insect icide Form ulations to the M o untai n Pi ne C one B eetle, C o n o pht ho r u s m onticolae H o p k in s. J.Ga.En t omo l .Soc. 16: 7 7 8 3. EcoRefe r ence No.: 70899 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : RSM,CBL,HCCH,CYP,DZ; Hab itat : T; Effect Codes : MOR; Rej ectio n Code : TAR G ET ( C YP,RSM D Z ) 294. Haynes H L ., M o orefield, H. H. Boras h A. J., and Keays, J. W. ( 195 8 ). Th e Tox i city of Sevin to Goldfish. J.Ec on .E n t om ol. 5 1 : 54 0. EcoRefe r ence No.: 7999 C h em ical of C once r n: D D T, C B L ; Ha bitat : A; Effect Codes : M O R; Rej ectio n Cod e : NO ABSTRAC T (ALL C H EMS ) 29 5. Heim bach, F. ( 1 9 8 4 ) C o rrelat i ons B e tween Three M e th ods f o r Determ ining the Toxicity of Chem ica l s to Earthworm s Pestic.Sci. 15: 6 0 5 61 1 (O EC D G Data File). EcoRefe r ence No.: 40492 Page 323 of 602

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C h em ical of C once r n: PC P, M D T,ES ,PP X C HD,C B L ,C a p tan,C u S; Ha b itat : T; Effect C odes : MOR; Rej ection Code : OK( E co SSL) //NO CONTROL(ALL CHEMS) 296. Heinisch, E., B e itz, H., Seef eld F., Har tisch J., Du nsing M., an d Reif enstein H. ( 197 1) R e sidues o f C r op Pr otectives on the Ha rvest e d C r o p a f ter Uni n tentio nal Treatm e nt (Pfla n zenschut z m i ttelrucksta nde an Pflanz lichem Ernteg ut nach Nicht Beabsichtigten Mitb eh and l ungen ) N a c h rich tenbl.Pfla nze n s c hutz d ienst D D R 25 : 141 -1 46 ( G ER ) ( E NG ABS) EcoRefe r ence No.: 68963 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; R e j ection Code : NO FOREIGN. 29 7. Heise, G. A a n d H u dso n J. D. (1 9 8 5 ) Ef fe cts of Pesticide s an d Dr u g s on Wor k in g M e m o ry in Rats: Continuous Delayed Response. Pharmac o l.Bioc hem.Be hav. 23 : 5 91598 EcoRefe r ence No.: 87757 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ,P PX, D M ; Habit a t : T; Effect Codes : BEH; Rej ection Code : NO ENDPOINT(ALL CHEM S). 298. Helal, M., Baibagys he w, E ., and Sa ber, S. (1998). Upta ke of Cd a n d Ni by Spinac h, Spinacea oleracea (L.) from Polluted Soil Unde r Field Conditio ns as Affected by Sa lt W a te r Irrigat i on. Ag ro nomie 18 : 44 3-4 4 8 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Rej ection Code : NO M I XTUR E, CO NTR O L, 1 CONC, ERE. 2 9 9 Heller P. R. an d Kellogg S. (1 988 ) Hair y Ch in ch Bug C o n t r o l on a Home Lawn in Bo alsbu r g PA., 198 7. Insectic.Acaric.Tests 1 3 : 35 2 (No 48 G) EcoRefe r ence No.: 88824 C h em ical of C once r n: C P Y C B L; Ha bitat : T; Effect Codes : PO P; R e je ction C ode : NO END P O I NT(C PY,T AR GET CBL). 3 0 0 Heller P. R. an d Kellogg S. (1 988 ) Hair y Ch in ch Bug C o n t r o l on a Home Lawn in Som e rset, PA 1987. Insectic.Acaric.Te sts 13 : 351 ( N o 46G) EcoRefe r ence No.: 88825 Chem ical of C once r n: FP P,C P Y, ACP,CBL C YF; Ha bitat : T; E ffect Codes : POP; Rejection C ode : N O E N DP OI NT( FPP C PY,T ARG E T ACP CBL,CY F ). 3 0 1 Heller P. R. an d Kellogg S. (1 988 ) Pin e Needle Scale Control on Sc otch Pine in Ce ntre Co un ty, Penn sylv an ia, 1 987 Insectic.Acari c.Tests 1 3 : 38 2 ( N o 22H). EcoRefe r ence No.: 88821 C h em ical of C once r n: C P Y F V L, AC P,C Y F, C B L ,DZ, EF V; Ha bitat : T; Effect C ode s : M O R ; R e jectio n C ode : NO EN DPOI NT( C PY T A R G E T-ALL CH EM S) 3 0 2 Heller P. R. an d Kellogg S. (1 988 ) Sp r i ng C o ntrol o f No rther n M a s k e d C h afe r a n d Asi a tic Gard en Beetle Gru b s o n a Go lf Cour se R o ugh in Sn yd er Cou n t y, PA, 1 987. Insectic.Ac a ric Tests 1 3 : 33 4 ( N o 14 G) EcoRefe r ence No.: 88827 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : POP; Rej ection Code : NO EN DPOIN T ( C BL) 30 3. Heller, P. R a n d Kello g g S. ( 1 9 8 8 ). S u m m er C o ntr o l of J a pane se B eetle Gr u b s o n a G o lf Page 324 of 602

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Co ur se Fair way in Lewisto w n PA, 1 987 Insectic.Ac a ric.Tests 1 3 : 33 3 ( N o 11 G) EcoRefe r ence No.: 88828 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ,C PY; Ha bitat : T; Effect Codes : PO P; R e je ction C ode : NO EN DPOIN T ( C PY CBL) 30 4. Hellm a n, J. L. and Patto n, T. W. ( 1 9 8 8 ). C o ntr o l o f Gree n Jun e B eetle G r ubs o n a G o lf Co ur se, 198 6. Insectic.Ac a ric Tests 1 3 : 36 3 ( N o 68 G) EcoRefe r ence No.: 88823 Chem ical of C once r n: DZ ,C BL,IZF ,CY F A CP,TCF ,CP Y ,PM R ; Ha bitat : T; Effect Codes : POP; R e jectio n C ode : NO EN DPOI NT(A LL CH EMS) 3 0 5 Hend er son C., Pick er ing Q. H., and Ta r z well, C. M. ( 1960 ). Th e Tox i city o f Or g a n i c Ph osp h o r u s a n d C h lori nated Hy dr oca r b o n I n secticides t o Fish. In : C. M.Ta rzwell (Ed. ) Bio l og ica l Prob lems in WAter Po llu tion Tra n s .2nd S e mina r, Ap ril 20 -2 4, 195 9, Tech. R ep .W6 0 3 U S P ublic Health Se rvice, R.A T a ft S anit a ry E n gineeri n g C e nter, Cincinnati, OH 76 -8 8. EcoRefe r ence No.: 936 Chem ical of C once r n: AZ ,D DT, H CCH, D L D ,CBL,E N; H a bitat : A; E f f ect Codes : M O R; Rej ectio n Code : NO CONTROL(ALL CHEMS) 306. Hendrick, R. D ., E v erett, T. R ., a n d Caf f ey, H. R. (19 66) Ef f ects of Some Insecticides on the Sur v i v al, R e p r od uctio n, a n d Gr owt h of the Lo uisiana R e d C r aw fish. J. E c on .E nto m ol. 59 : 1 88192 EcoRefe r ence No.: 8001 C h em ical of C once r n: A N D C B L ,M P; Ha b itat : A; Ef fect Codes : PO P,MO R, G R O ; Rej ectio n Code : N O E N DP OI NT( A L L C H EM S) 30 7. Henzell, R F ., Skin ne r, R A an d C l em ents R. O. ( 198 3) In secticid es fo r C ontr o l of A d u lt Grass Grub, C o stelytra zealandica (White). V. Sc ree n ing a n d Beha viour of Insecticides in Soil Bioassays. N Z.J.A g ric.Res 26: 1 2 9 13 3 EcoRefe r ence No.: 79045 C h em ical of C once r n: PR T, N A P H ,PM R ,E S,DCB,PSM,DS DZ, CBF,CBL; Hab itat : T; Effect C ode s : MOR; Rej ection C ode : OK(ALL CHEM S),OK TARG ET( PRT DZ ,N AP H, D CB). 3 0 8 Herb er t, D. A. Jr ( 199 2) Ex per i m e n t al Foliar T r eatm e nts for C o ntr o l o f T obacc o Th rips in Peanut, 1991. In: A.K.Burditt,Jr.(Ed.) Insecticide and Acaricide Tests, Volume 17, En tomo l.So c.o f Am., Lanh am, MD 24 5. EcoRefe r ence No.: 79774 Chem ical of C once r n: ACP C Y H,CBL,ADC ,FPP; Ha bitat : T; E ffect Codes : POP; Rej ectio n Code : O K T A RG ET( ACP, ADC, CBL). 30 9. Herm ann, G ( 1 9 7 5 ) R o utine Testing o f Ne w Bayer Pesticides for Fish Toxicity, as Part of the P r o d u ct De velo pm ent Pro g ram m e Pflanz ensc hutzNac h r. 2 8 : 19 72 0 9 EcoRefe r ence No.: 50152 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; R e j ection Code : NO METH OD S. 310. Hernandez, D. A., Lom b ardo R. J., Ferrari, L., and Tortorelli, M. C. (1986). Toxicity of Eth ilPar a th ion and Carb ar yl o n Ear l y Stag es of the Developm ent of Sea Urchin [Toxicidad Page 325 of 602

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Del Etil-Parati on Y Carbaril Sobre Estadi os Te m p ranos Del Desarrollo Del Erizo De Mar]. Arch.Biol.Med.Exp. 19 : R212 ( A BS) ( SPA) EcoRefe r ence No.: 16045 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; R e j ection Code : NO ABSTRAC T ,F OREI GN (CBL ). 3 1 1 Herv e, J. J. ( 198 5) Ag r i cu ltu ral, Public Health and Anim al Health Usa g e. In : J. P.Leah ey (Ed ) Th e Pyreth ro id In secticid es, C h ap ter 6 Ta ylo r an d Fran cis, Londo n 343 -42 5 EcoRefe r ence No.: 72263 Chem ical of C once r n: PRN E S ,CPY ,D Z,CB L,DL D,R S M DDT; H a bitat : T; Rej e ction Code : NO REV I E W 31 2. Heu n g en s, A. ( 1 9 6 9 ) L' In flue nce de la F u m u re et des Pe sticides aldrine, C a rba r yl et DBC P sur la Fa une d u sol da ns la C u lture des Azales. Rev Ec ol.Bi o l.Sol. 6: 13 1 14 5 (FR E ) (E NG ABS) EcoRefe r ence No.: 59468 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; R e j ection Code : NO FOREIGN. 31 3. Hickey C W., R o per, D S ., and B u c k lan d S. J. ( 1 99 5) M e tal C once n trat ions o f R e side nt and Tra n s p lant ed Fres hwate r Mussels Hyri della m e nziesi (Uni onacea: Hy riidae) a n d Sedim e nts in the Waikat o River, New Zealand. Sci Total Environ 1 75: 1 6 3 17 7. C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; Rej ection Code : NO SE DIM E N T ,SUR VE Y. 31 4. Hirai, Y. ( 1 9 9 1 ) M a jo r Pests o f M a ize an d C ontr o l M eas u r es in Ja pan J ARQ 25 : 1216. C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Rej ection Code : NO REVI EW(CBL) 31 5. Hira kos o, S. ( 1 96 9 ) Inactivati n g Ef fects of M i croor ga nis m s on I n secticidal Activity of Durs ban. Jpn J.Exp.Med. 39: 1 7 2 0. C h em ical of C once r n: C P Y P R N,C B L ; Hab itat : AT; Rej e ction C ode : NO SPECI E S,NO BACTERIA. 31 6. Hira kos o, S. ( 1 96 8 ) Inactivati o n o f S o m e Ins ecticides by B a cteria in M o sq uito B r ee di ng Polluted Water. J p n J.Ex p.M e d. 38 : 327 -334 EcoRefe r ence No.: 62777 C h em ical of C once r n: DZ ,C B L ; Ha bitat : A; Rej ection Code : N O B A CTERIA 31 7. Hir o se, K. an d Kitsu k awa M ( 1 9 7 6 ). Ac ut e Toxicity of Agricultura l Che m icals to Seawater Teleosts, with Special Respect to TLM and t h e Vertebral Abnorm a l ity. Bull.Tokai Reg.Fis h .Re s .L ab.( Tok a i-K u Suis an Ke nkyus h o Kenky o Hokoku) 8 4 : 1 1 2 0 (JP N ) (E NG ABS) EcoRefe r ence No.: 6128 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L D Z; Ha bitat : A; E ffect C o des : MOR,GR O; Rej ection C ode : NO F O REI G N 31 8. Hir o se, K. an d Kitsu k awa M ( 1 9 7 6 ). Ac ut e Toxicity of Agricultura l Che m icals to Seawater Teleosts, with Special Respect to TLm and the Vertebral Abnorm a l ity. Bull.Tokai Reg.Fis h .Re s .L ab. 8 4 : 11 -20 (CH I ) (ENG ABS) Page 326 of 602

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EcoRefe r ence No.: 6128 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L D Z; Ha bitat : A; E ffect C o des : MOR,GR O; Rej ection C ode : NO F O REI G N ( AL L CH EM S ) 3 1 9 Hislop R. G. an d Prok op y, R. J. ( 198 1) In teg r ated Man a g e men t o f Ph ytop h a go us Mites in Massachu s etts ( U .S.A .) A p p l e O r ch ar ds. 2. Influe nce of Pe sticides on the Pre d ator Am blyseius fallacis (Aca rina: Phytos eiidae) Un de r La bo rat o ry a n d Field C o n d itions Prot.Ec o l. 3: 1 5 7 17 2. EcoRefe r ence No.: 70632 Chem ical of C once r n: SZ,CB L ,DZ PR N,ES N H M O M DM T; Ha bitat : T; Effect Codes : MOR,REP,POP; Rejection C ode : T A RGE T (DM T ,D Z). 32 0. Hitchcoc k, A E. a n d Zim m e rm an, P. W. (1 9 4 1 ) The U s e o f N a p h thale n ac etic Acid a n d I t s Deri vatives for Preventing Fr uit D r o p of A p ple. Proc .A m. Soc .H orticult. 38: 1 0 4 11 0. EcoRefe r ence No.: 42198 Ch em ica l o f Co n c ern : NAA ,CBL, N AD KNPH ; H a b itat : T; Effect Codes : POP,P H Y; Rej ectio n Code : N O E N DP OI NT( A L L C H EM S) 32 1. Hoe b a u s, E. ( 1 98 9 ) Active S ubsta nces a n d Plant P r otectio n Age n ts A p p r ove d f o r Use Agai nst Anim a l Pests in Viticu lture Listed by Active Subst a n ce (W irkst o ffe und Genehmigte Pflanze n sc hutz m ittel Gege n T i erische Sc ha dl inge im Wein b a u (nac h Wir k s t offe n Ge or d n e t )). Pflanze n sc hutz ( V ienn a) 2 : 1215 ( G ER) EcoRefe r ence No.: 76474 C h em ical of C once r n: PC Z, P M R PR N,C Y P TDF C B L ; H a bitat : T; R e je ction C ode : NO FOREIGN(PCZ,PMR,PR N,C Y P,T D F CBL). 32 2. Ho ffm an, D. J. an d Albe rs, P. H. ( 1 9 8 4 ) E v aluation o f P o t e ntial Em bry o toxicity an d Teratogenicity of 42 Herbicides, Insecticides, an d Petr oleu m C ontam inan ts to Mallard Eggs. Arch. E nvir on C ont am .T oxico l 13 : 1527 EcoRefe r ence No.: 35249 C h em ical of C once r n: ACP,CBL, D Z DM T,E N H CCH,M L N ,M OM ,Naled,PR N ,P M R ,PSM ,SP S T M P ,TX P A M TL, ATZ,BM N,M C PA, 2 4D XY D M B ,G YP ,P A Q T,PC L,PR O, PPN ,TF N A LS V; Habitat : T; Effect C ode s : MOR,GR O,DVP; Rej ection Code : L I TE EV A L CODE D( AT Z, M O M DM T D M B,ALS V ) O K ( A LL CHEM S exce pt BM N M C PA M I XT URE) 32 3. Hollo way P. J. an d St ock D. ( 1 9 9 0 ). Facto r s A ffectin g t h e Activatio n of Foliar U p take of Agrochem icals by Surfactants In : D.R K a rs a ( E d ) Sym p Roy a l Soc .of C h em .S pec.P u bl.N o 7 7 I n d u s trial Ap plications of S u rfact a nts I I Ap r. 19 2 0 19 8 9 Ca mb ridg e, Eng l an d, CRC Pr ess Inc., B o ca Raton, FL 30 3-3 3 7 EcoRefe r ence No.: 70472 C h em ical of C once r n: SZ,C B L ,AT Z ; Habit a t : T; Rej ection C ode : N O R E VI E W ,N O R E FS CHECKE D. 3 2 4 Hood a, P. S. an d Alloway, B J. (1 9 9 6 ) The Effect of Lim i ng o n Hea v y M e tal C once n trations in Wh eat, Car r o t s an d Sp in ach Gro w n on Prev iou s ly SludgeA pp lied So ils. J. A g r i c S c i. 12 7: 2 89294 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Rej ection Code : NO M I XTUR E,SUR V E Y Page 327 of 602

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32 5. Ho pf H. S. a n d M u ller R L. ( 1 96 2) La b o r a tory B r ee din g an d Testin g o f A u stralo r b is glabratus for Molluscic idal Screening. Bul l .W.H .O. 27 : 78 3-7 8 9 EcoRefe r ence No.: 14399 C h em ical of C once r n: AC L C B L ,N aled,TB T ,CuS ,Na P CP; Ha bitat : A; Effect C ode s : MOR; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V A L CO DED ( Na PCP), N O CONTR O L( Cu S,ACL,CBL,TBT,Naled ) 32 6. Ho rs bu rg h, R L., Kilm er, S. W., C o o k I I K E. Cook, M K., W a rre n, J. R., a n d D o gge r J. R. (1992). Apple, Mitic ide Evaluations 1991. In: A.K.Bur d i tt,Jr.(Ed .) Insecticide and Acaricide Test s, Vol.17, Ento mo l.So c.o f Am., La nha m, MD 10 1 2 EcoRefe r ence No.: 76444 C h em ical of C once r n: PM R C B L ; Ha bitat : T; E ffect Codes : POP; R e jection C ode : OK (A LL C H E M S), N O COC( DO D) ,T ARGE T(CBL). 3 2 7 H o ta, A. K Mish r a D. K and Tr ip ath y P. C. (1 993 ). Metab o lic Ef f ects o f K ilex Carb ar yl on a Fres h Water Teleost, C h a nna punctatus (Bloch). In: V.P.Agraw a l, S.A.H.Abi d i, and G.P.Verma (Ed s .) En viro nmen ta l I m pa ct on A q uatic an d Terrestrial Ha bitats, Dec. 1 9 9 1 Berha m pu r, Soc.o f Bio s cien ces, Mu za ffa r naga r, In d i a 3 3534 2. EcoRefe r ence No.: 17646 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : C EL; Rej ection Code : NO EN DPOIN T ( C BL) 32 8. Ho usto n, J. B U p shall, D G. an d B r id ges, J. W. (1 9 7 5 ) P h am acokinetics an d M e tab o lism of Two Ca rba m ate Insecticides, Carb ar yl and Land r i n, in th e Rat. Xenobio tica 5: 6 3 7 6 48 EcoRefe r ence No.: 50331 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : A C C PH Y; R e je ction C ode : NO END P O I NT,C ONTR O L ( CBL). 3 2 9 Howitt, A. an d Bid d i n g e r D. J. (1 9 8 8 ) App l e, In secticid e Ev alu a tion 1987 Insectic.Ac a ric Tests 13: 1 4 ( N o 13 A) EcoRefe r ence No.: 88830 Chem ical of C once r n: CBL,C PY, PSM D M T ,FVL; H a bitat : T; E ffect Codes : POP; Rej ectio n Code : N O E N DP OI NT( A L L C H EM S,T A R G ET-CBL, D M T ,FVL ). 330. Hulina N. a n d Dum i j a L. (1999). Ability of Re ynoutria j a ponica Hou tt. (Polygonaceae ) t o Accum u late Heavy Metals Period.Biol. 101 : 233 -23 5 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Rej ection Code : NO M I XTUR E. 33 1. Hu re j, M an d Dutc her J. D (1 9 9 4 ) I ndirec t Effect of I n se cticides o n C o nve r g ent La dy Beetle (Coleoptera: Cocci ne llidae) i n Pecan Orchards. J E c on .E nto m ol. 87 : 163 2-1 635 Chem ical of C once r n: M O M EFV, PSM ,CB L ,ES; Ha bitat : T; Rej e ction Code : NO CONC,T AR G ET(M O M ) 3 3 2 Hur w oo d, I S. (1 967 ) Stud ies on Pesticid e Resid u e s. 2 C a r b ar yl Resid u es in th e Bod y Tissues and Mi lk of Cattle Follo wing Derm al Application. Quee ns .J.A gri c .Ani m. Sci. 24: 6 9 74 EcoRefe r ence No.: 37218 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : ACC; Rej ectio n Co d e : NO Page 328 of 602

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EN DPOIN T ( C BL) 3 3 3 Hwang S. W. an d Sch a nk er L. S. (19 74) Ab sorp tio n of C a r b ar yl f r o m th e Lung an d Small Intestine of the Rat. E n viron.Res. 7 : 206 -211 EcoRefe r ence No.: 87676 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : A C C PH Y; R e je ction C ode : NO CO N T RO L,EN DPOI NT( C BL) 3 3 4 I m ad a, K. ( 197 6) Stud ies o n th e Ver t e b ral M a lform a tion of Fi sh es II I. Ver t eb r a l Def o rm ation o f G o l d fis h (C a r assius a u rat u s) and Meda kafis h (Olyzias latipes) E x pose d t o Carbam ate Ins ecticides. Hok k aid o ritsu S u is an F u kaj o K e n kyu Hok o k u 31 : 43 6 5 (J PN ) ( E NG ABS) EcoRefe r ence No.: 7806 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : G R O,C EL; R e je ction C ode : NO FOREIGN( CB L) 335. Innes, J. R M., Ulland, B M., Valeri o, M. G., Petrucelli, L., Fi shbein, L., Hart, E. R ., Pallotta, A. J. Bates, R. R., F a lk, H. L., Ga rt, J. J., Klein, M ., Mitchell, I., and Peters, J. ( 196 9) Bio a ssay o f Pesticid es and I ndu str i al Chem ica l s for T u m o rigenici ty in Mice: A Preliminary Note. J.Natl.C a ncer Inst. 42 : 1 101 -11 1 4 EcoRefe r ence No.: 71346 C h em ical of C once r n: DU ,P NB,D DT ,SZ, ATZ RTN FBM M R X,P P Z ,THM ,CBL,24D X Y ,M ane b Z ineb,Capta n, Nab a m ,Folpet; Habitat : T; Effec t Codes : CEL; Rej ection C o de : LITE E V AL CODE D( AT Z, RTN,P P Z) ,O K ( AL L CH EM S ) 3 3 6 I nou e, K ( 19 87 ). (A -I II ) In secticid es: Fru it Tr ees. Jpn.Pestic.Inf. 50 : 28-2 9 C h em ical of C once r n: C Y F F V L,C B L ,B FT; Ha bitat : T; Rej ection Code : NO REV I EW ,N O REFS CHECKED. 337. Iqbal, S. H. and Khalil, S. (1981). Effect of DDT on Vesicular Arbuscul ar Mycorrhizal Plants of Differe n t Ages a n d Subse que nt Production of E n dogonaceous Spores by the Vesic u lar Ar bu scula r E n do p h y t es. Bull.Mycol. 1: 1 0 1 11 0. C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Rej ection Code : NO ARC H I V E 33 8. Ishii, Y. an d H a shim oto, Y ( 1 9 7 0 ) M e tab o lic Fate of C a r b ary l ( 1 -Na p hthy l N M e thy l Carbam ate) Orally Adm i niste r ed to Carp, C y prinus carpio. B u ll.Agric.C h em. I ns p. Stn 10 : 48 50 (J PN ) (EN G AB S) EcoRefe r ence No.: 9590 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; R e j ection Code : NO FOREIGN( CBL) 339. Ito, A. a n d Shinoha r a, K. (1992). Dual Mode Cytotoxic ities of Reactive Oxy g ens on L 5 178Y Radiosensitive Mutant M10. Free R adic.Biol.Med. 13 : 2 99304 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Rej ection Code : NO COC( MTL) 340. Ivey, M C. I v ie, G. W., De vaney, J A., and Beerwink le, K. R. (19 84) Resid u e s of Car b ar yl and Two of Its Metabolites in Eg gs of Laying Hens Treated w ith Sevi n for Nort hern Fowl Mite Control by Dipping. Poult.Sci. 63 : 6 1 -6 5. Page 329 of 602

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EcoRefe r ence No.: 37263 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : ACC; Rej ectio n Co d e : NO ENDPOINT(ALL CHEM S). 3 4 1 Jacob J., Schm o l d t A., Haman n M ., Ra ab G., an d Gr immer G. ( 1987 ). Mono ox ygen a se In d u ction by V a rio u s Xen o b io tics and Its In fl uence o n R a t L i ver M i cr os om al M e tabolism of C h ry se ne in C o m p arison to B e nz[a] a nt hrac ene. Cancer Lett. 34: 9 1 1 02 C h em ical of C once r n: PC B P C P,DDT,CBL,HCCH,P AH; Habitat : T; R e j ection Code : NO ENDPOINT(ALL CHEM S). 342. Jam e s, D. G. (2003). Pe sticide Susceptibility of Two C o ccinellids (Stet h orus punctum picipes and Ha rm onia axyridis ) Im portant in Biologi cal C ontr o l of M ites and A p h i ds in Was h in g t on Hops. Bi oco n t r ol Sci.Tec h n o l 13: 2 5 3 25 9. EcoRefe r ence No.: 76934 Chem ical of C once r n: CPY M L N,P S M D Z ,DM T ,CBL ,PI M ,M OM ,ES I M C,TM X,BFT ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : M O R; Rej ection Code : TAR G ET(BFT DZ ). 343. Jam e s, D. G. and Rayner, M. (1995). Toxicity of Viticultural Pesticides to the Predatory Mites Am bly s eius victoriensis an d Ty phl od rom u s do ree n ae. Plant Pr ot.Q. 10: 99 1 0 2 EcoRefe r ence No.: 67984 C h em ical of C once r n: CaPS,BM Y,C B D,CTN M Z B FRM IP D,M L X,Cu,PCZ ,TD M ,VCZ,Zi n eb, Z iram ,CuOH, AZ,C BL,CPY ,DZ D M T,ES,M L N M DT, D CF; H a bitat : T; Effe ct Codes : MOR; Rej ection Code : LITE EVAL C ODE D(CaPS ),OK(ALL C H E M S),OK TAR G ET (DZ ) 34 4. Jam nback, H. and F r em pon gB o ad u, J. ( 1 9 6 6 ) Testin g B l a c kfly La rvicide s in t h e La bo ra tory and in Stream s B u ll.W. H. O. 34: 4 0 5 42 1. EcoRefe r ence No.: 2837 Chem ical of C once r n: Nale d, CBL,CPY, D Z M D T, DM T, A T M ABT, PP X, PSM ; Ha bitat : A; Effect C ode s : B E H,P O P; R e jection C ode : NO ENDP OINT(ALL C H EM S). 34 5. Jau h ar, L. an d Kuls hrest h a, S. K. ( 1 9 8 3 ) Histopath olo g ical C h an ges I n d u c e d by the Su bl ethal Do ses o f Endosu l f a n an d Carb ar yl in th e In testin e of C h ann a str i atus Bloch I n dia n J. Z ool. 11: 3 5 4 2. EcoRefe r ence No.: 4589 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ,E S; Ha bitat : A; Ef fect Codes : P H Y C EL; R e jectio n C o de : NO ENDPOINT(ALL CHEM S). 34 6. Jau h ar, L. an d Kuls hrest h a, S. K. ( 1 9 8 5 ) Histopath olo g ical Effects I n d u ce d by S ublethal Doses of Sevi n and Thiodan on the Gills of Channa st riat us BL. (Pisces, Channidae). Ac ta Hydr oc him Hy dro b i o l. 13: 3 9 5 4 00 EcoRefe r ence No.: 11510 C h em ical of C once r n: ES,C B L ; Ha bitat : A; Ef fect Codes : CEL; Rejectio n Cod e : NO EN DPOIN T ( E S, CBL) 34 7. Jawale, M D (1 9 8 6 ) Ef fect of Pestic ides on Metabolic R a te o f F r es hw ate r Cr ab Barytelphusa quereni. Envir o n.Ec ol. 4 ( 1 ) : 14 21 4 3 / C A. Sel -E nviro n .P oll u t.3 : 10 62 8 6 7 2 B ( 1 9 87) / Aq uat. S ci.Fish A b str. 16 : 842 9-1 Q 16 EcoRefe r ence No.: 124 Page 330 of 602

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C h em ical of C once r n: D D T, EN,C B L ; Ha b itat : A; Ef fect Codes : PHY; Rej ection Code : NO ENDP OINT(ALL C H EM S). 34 8. Jena, P. K. Ad hy a, T K., an d R a o, V R ( 1 9 8 7 ) I n fl uence of C a r b ary l o n Nitro g e n ase Activity and C o m b inations of Butachl o r and Ca rb of ura n o n Nitro g e n -Fi x in g M i cr oo r g anis m s in Paddy Soils. Pestic.Sci 1 9 : 1 79184 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ,B TC ,C B F ; Ha bi tat : T; Rej ection Code : NO BACTERIA. 34 9. Jen k ins, D ., Kl ein, S A., Ya n g M S. Wa ge net, R J., an d B i ggar J W. ( 1 9 7 8 ) T h e Accum u lation, Tra n slocation and De gradation of Biocides a t Land Wastewater Dis p osal Sites: the Fate of Malath ion Car b ar yl, Diazin on an d 2,4-D Bu tox y eth y l Ester Water Re s. 12: 7 1 3 72 3. C h em ical of C once r n: C B L M LN, D Z; R e jection C ode : NO SPEC I ES 3 5 0 Jenk in s, K. D. ( 199 1) Metal Adaptation in the Polychaete Neant h es a r ena ceode ntata. Annual Report, Year 2. Re p.N o D O E /ER/60 49 5 T 2 N a tio nal In st. o f St an d a r d s a n d Tec h n o lo gy Gaithe rsb ur g, MD, I onizi ng Ra diatio n Div., U. S. De p.E n er gy 14 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; Rej ection Code : NO P U BL AS. 35 1. Joh a nse n C A an d B r o w n, F C (1 9 7 2 ) To xicity of C a rba r y l -C o n tam i nated P o llen Collected by Honey Bees Environ.Ent o mol. 1 : 3 85386 EcoRefe r ence No.: 35280 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : M O R; Rej ection Code : NO EN DPOIN T ( C BL) 35 2. Joh n P. J. an d Pra k ash A. ( 2 00 3 ) B i oacc u m ulation o f Pe sticides o n S o m e Or gans o f Fres hwate r C a tfish M y stus vit t atus. B u ll.E n v i ron C o nta m .T oxicol. 70 : 1 013 -10 1 6 EcoRefe r ence No.: 71980 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : ACC; Rej ectio n Co d e : NO EN DPOIN T ( C BL) 3 5 3 Jo hn son I C ., Keller A. E., an d Zam S. G. ( 199 3) A Meth od fo r C o n ductin g Acu t e Tox i city Tests with the Early Life Sta g es of Fres hwat er Mus s els. I n : W. G. La n d is, J.S. H u g h es an d M.A.Lewis ( E ds.) Environme n ta l To xico logy an d Risk Assessmen t, AS TM S T P 1 179 Phila delp hia, PA 381 -39 6 EcoRefe r ence No.: 50679 C h em ical of C once r n: AT Z,C B L,C YH; Hab itat : A; Ef fect Codes : M O R; Rej ection C o de : LITE EVAL C ODE D(AT Z),OK(ALL C H E M S). 35 4. Joh n s o n, J W., Krie gel, R D an d Wi se, J C ( 1 99 6) Gra p e Seas on -L on g B r oa dSpectr u m Co n t ro l, 19 95 Arthr o po d M a na g. Tests 63 6 4. EcoRefe r ence No.: 77611 C h em ical of C once r n: TD F,C B L,AZ; Ha bitat : T; Effect Codes : POP; Rej ection Code : OK( CBL,AZ),NO CONC( T DF) TARGET(AZ,CBL) 35 5. Joh n s o n, N. C an d P f lege r, F. L. (1 9 9 2) Vesicu lar Arbu scular Mycorrhiza e and C u ltural Stresses. In: G.J.Beth len f a l vay an d R.G.Linderm an ( E ds.) ASA ( A m. Soc .of Agr o n.) Spec P ubl.N o. 54 Oct.3 1 1 9 9 1 Denve r C O Am. S oc. o f A g ro n. I n c., C r o p Sci.S o c. of A m .I nc ., Soil Sci.S o c of Am. I nc ., Ma dis o n W I 71 9 9 Page 331 of 602

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EcoRefe r ence No.: 70839 C h em ical of C once r n: SZ, P N B ,C B L ,D Z PR N,CBF, A DC, D CN A,P H M D ; Ha bitat : T; Rej ectio n Code : NO REVI EW,NO REFS CHECKED. 35 6. Joh n s o n, W. W. a n d Fi nley M T. ( 1 98 0) Handb ook o f Acu t e Tox i city of Ch em icals t o Fish and Aquatic Invertebrates. Resou r .Pub l.137, Fish Wild l.S e rv., U.S D.I Wa sh ing t on D.C 98 p. (OECDG Data File ) ( P ub l As 6 797 ). EcoRefe r ence No.: 666 C h em ical of C once r n: EDT,R S M,Cap t an ,CBF,CBL,D FZ ,PSM ,24DX Y A CP, A C R ,AZ,B S ,Capt a n,CM P H ,CP Y D B N, DM B,DM T DP DP, D S D U D Z,F O G YP, H CCH,H XZ,M DT,M L N ,M L T ,M OM ,M P N a led, OYZ,PRT,SZ,TBC,TPR, As, P b; Ha bitat : A; E ffect C o des : MOR,I T X,BEH; Rej ection C ode : N O PU BL AS 357. Jones, K. H ., S a nde rs on, D. M ., a n d N o a k e s D. N (1 968 ). A c u t e Tox i c ity Data for Pest icides ( 196 8) W o rld Rev.Pest C o ntrol 7 : 135 -1 43 EcoRefe r ence No.: 70074 C h em ical of C once r n: 24D X Y ABT ACL, ADC, A M TL,AM TR, A N D A SM,ATN ,A TZ, A Z, BF L,BMC,BMN,BS,B T Y,Cap t an ,CBL,CCA,CHD,C MPH,CPP,CPY,CQTC,CTHM, Cu ,C u F RA,DBN,DCB,DC NA,D DD ,D DT, D D V P, DEM DI N O D LD ,DM B D M T D O D D PP1,D QTBr ,D S,D U D Z, DZ M EDT EN,E P,E P TC, E S,ET N, FLA C ,FM U F N F ,F NT,F NT H, Fol p et,HCC H, HP T,LNR M a ne b, M CB, MCPA M CPB,MCPP1 MDT,MLH MLN M LT, MRX MTM, MV P, M X C,N a led N P M PB, P CH ,PCL,PCP ,PE B ,PHM D,P H S L ,PM T PPH D, PPN ,PP X PPZ ,PQT ,PR N ,PR O ,PRT ,P YN ,P YZ,R TN,S FT,SID,S Z,TCF,T F N,T H M,TRB, TRL TXP VNT Zineb; Habitat : T ; Ef fect Codes : M O R ; R e jectio n C ode : NO PUBL A S (24 DXY ,ABT, A CL,A MTL, A M TR,A SM, A TN,AZ,B F L,BMC,BMN,BS,B TY,CC A ,CMP H,CPP CP Y,C Q TC,CT H M D B N,DCB, DC N A DDT ,D I N O DO D, DP P1,D QTBr ,D U, DZ M EP ,EPTC,E S ,FM U ,F NF ,F NT,F olpet, HCCH, H PT,L NR,M CB, M C PP1,M LT M P,M R X,M T M M XC,Nale d N P M ,Pb, PCH PC L,PEB, PHS L PPN ,PPZ ,P QT ,PRO, P Y N P Y Z ,RTN ,RY A ,S FT,S I D,TF N, THM TRL,V N T ) N O CO NTR O L, DUR ATI O N( ALL C H EM S ) 358. Jones, M., d'Arcy Doherty, M., and C o hen, G. M. ( 1986). Antitum our Activ ity of 1-Naphthol Ag ain s t L1 210 Leuk aem ia I n Vivo an d Eh r lich Ascites Tum o u r Cells I n Vivo an d In Vitr o Cancer Lett. 33 : 3 47354 EcoRefe r ence No.: 88039 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : C EL; Rej ection Code : NO EN DPOIN T ( C BL) 3 5 9 Jo sh i, N. and Ku m a r S. (200 1) Acid an d Alkaline Phos phatases Activ ity in Di fferent Tissues of Fres h Water C r ab Pa ratelp hus a m a sonian a (Henderson) to Pesticide Expos ure. Hi mal a yan J.Envir o n.Zool 15 : 1 01104 EcoRefe r ence No.: 68523 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L A N D ; Ha bitat : A; Effect Codes : BCM; Rej ection Code : NO CONC( A ND CBL). 36 0. Jub b G L J r (1 9 8 4 ) Pattern s o f Pesticide Use on C onc o r d' G r apes in E r ie C o unty Pennsylvania: 1970-1982. M e lsheimer Ent o mol.Ser. 34: 111 C h em ical of C once r n: SZ, P R N ,C B L D Z,C u ; Ha bitat : T; Rej ection Code : NO TOX DA TA. Page 332 of 602

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36 1. Juh n k e, I. an d Lue d em ann, D ( 1 97 8) R e s u lts of the I nvest igation o f 20 0 C h em ical C o m pou nds f o r A c ute Fish T oxicity with th e G o lde n Or fe Test (E rge b nisse de r Unte rsu c hu n g v o n 20 0 Ch em isch en Ver b in du ng en au f Akut e Fischtoxizitat m it de m Goldorfentest). Z.Wasser-Abw a sser Forsch. 11: 161164 ( G ER) (E N G T R ANS L) ( O E C DG Data File). EcoRefe r ence No.: 547 Chem ical of C once r n: AT Z,C B L,HCCH ,AC L ,FUR ,BZO ,A M S V, AP AC,C 8O H, DCB,Se; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR; Rej ection C ode : NO FO REIG N, CONTRO L(A L L CHEMS). 36 2. Julich, F. ( 1 9 7 9 ) H a m a tologische U n ters uc hu ng en an Reg e n bog enfo r e llen ( S alm o g a ird n er i) Und Karpf e n (Cyp r i nu s car p io ) Nach Ein w ir kun g Vo n Su bletalen Kun z entr atio n e n Z.A ngew Zo ol. 66: 4 7 5 50 4. EcoRefe r ence No.: 6691 C h em ical of C once r n: DM T C B L ; Ha bitat : A; Effect Codes : BCM; Rej ection Code : NO FOREIGN. 36 3. Jur k ows k a, H and R o g o z, A. (1 9 8 8 ) C o nten t of M i neral N u trients i n Pla n ts of Oats as Depending on the Dose and Form of t h e C o pper Fertilizer Part II. Microelements (Zawart o sc Sk ladn ikow M i n e r a ln ych w R o slinac h owsa w Zalez nosci od Daw k i i F o r m y Nawoz u Miedziowe g o). Acta Agrar.Si lvestria 27: 1551 66 (P OL ) ( E NG AB S). EcoRefe r ence No.: 68937 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; R e j ection Code : NO FOREIGN. 36 4. Kakiichi, N ., K itam i kad o A. Sasam o ri, T. Tana ka, Y. I s hiwata, Y ., Sakurai, A., S h im izu, K., and Kam a t a S. I. (1996). To xicity of Several Insecticides Against Ciliate Co lpoda aspera. Anim.Sci.Technol. 67 : 8 44850 EcoRefe r ence No.: 70277 Ch em ica l o f Co n c ern : PMR,CY R, PY X, PTP, FN TH, DDVP, R SM, CBL; H a b itat : T; Effect C odes : POP; Rej ection Code : NO CONTROL(ALL CHEMS),MIXTURE(DDV P,FNT H ,F NT ,RSM). 36 5. Kanaza wa, J. ( 1 9 8 1 ) B i oc on centratio n P o te ntial of Pesticides by A q uatic Or ga nism s. Jpn.Pestic.Inf. 39: 1 2 1 6. EcoRefe r ence No.: 12534 Chem ical of C once r n: HCC H ,CBL,TF N ,F N T ,TBC,M LT, P N B,D Z D LD; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : ACC, GRO; Re jection C ode : NO CO N T RO L( ALL CH EMS) 36 6. Kanaza wa, J. ( 1 9 8 3 ) I n Vitr o an d In Viv o Ef f ects o f Org a no pho spho ru s an d Carb am ate Insecticides on Brain Acetylcho linesterase Activity of Fresh-Wa ter Fish To pm outh Gu d g eo n. Bull.Natl.Inst.Agr ic.Sci.Sect.C 37 : 19 -30 EcoRefe r ence No.: 11600 Chem ical of C once r n: DZ ,F N T ,PRN ,PP X ,C BL,M OM ; H a bitat : A; E f f ect Codes : BCM ,M OR,BEH,P H Y ; Reje ction C ode : NO EN DPOIN T ( A LL CHEMS) 36 7. Kanaza wa, J. ( 1 9 8 1 ) M eas ur em ent of th e B i oconcent r ation Fact ors of Pe sticides by Freshwater Fish and Their C o rre lation wit h Physicochem i c a l Prope rties or Acute Toxicities. Pestic.Sci. 12 : 4 17424 EcoRefe r ence No.: 15599 C h em ical of C once r n: DL D, DZ,M LT ,F NT,CBL,TBC,PNB,HCCH,TFN; Hab itat : A; Effect Page 333 of 602

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C odes : MOR,ACC; Rej ection C o d e : NO CO N T RO L( ALL CH EMS) 36 8. Kanaza wa, J. ( 1 9 8 3 ) A M e th od o f P r e d icti ng the B i oc once n tratio n P o te nt ial of Pesticides by Using Fis h Jpn Ag r i c R e s. Q. 17: 1 7 3 17 9. EcoRefe r ence No.: 10750 Chem ical of C once r n: HCC H ,M LT,TF N,CB L,DL D, DZ ,FN T ,TBC,P N B; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : ACC,BCM,GRO; R e j ection Cod e : NO CONTR O L(ALL C H EM S). 36 9. Kanaza wa, J. ( 1 9 8 0 ) P r ediction o f B i ol ogi cal Concentration Poten tial of Pesticides in Aq uatic O r gan i sm s. Rev.Pl ant Pr ot.Res. 13: 2 7 -3 6. EcoRefe r ence No.: 59925 C h em ical of C once r n: P N B DZ,M LT ,T BC,HCCH,TFN,FNT,CBL,DLD; Hab itat : A; Effect C odes : ACC,MOR; Rej ection C o d e : NO CO N T RO L( ALL CH EMS) 37 0. Kari nen J. F. Lam b erton, J. G., Stewa r t, N. E., an d Te rrie r e, L. C (1 9 6 7 ) Persiste nce of Carbaryl in the Marine Estuarine Environm e n t. J. Ag r i c Foo d Ch em 15 : 14 8-1 5 6 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; Rej ection Code : NO EFF E CT. 3 7 1 Kauf m a n D. D. ( 197 7) Biod egr a d a tio n and Persistence of Several A cet a m ide, Acylani lide, Azide, Carbam ate, and Orga nophosp hate Pesticide Com b inations. Soil Bi ol.Biochem. 9: 49 57 EcoRefe r ence No.: 87267 C h em ical of C once r n: PP N, P C H,PR T Na N3,FM U D U, DZ, CBL,CPP; Ha bitat : T; Effec t C odes : POP; Rej ection Code : N O E N DP OI NT( A L L C H EM S) 37 2. Kau r H. a n d T o o r H. S. ( 1 99 7) Hist opat hol ogical C h an ges in the Live r of Fin g erlin gs o f In dian M a jor C a rp, C i rr hina m r igala (Ham ilton ) E x p o se d t o S o m e B i ocides. In dia n J E c ol. 24: 1 9 3 19 5. EcoRefe r ence No.: 59932 C h em ical of C once r n: M L N C B L ; Ha bitat : A; Effect Codes : C EL; R e jection C ode : NO EN DPOIN T ( C BL, M LN) 37 3. Kavl ock R J., Sh ort R D. Jr ., a n d C h e r n o f f N ( 1 98 7 ) Fu rther E v aluatio n of an I n Viv o Teratology Screen. Ter a to g. C a rcin og .M uta g en 7: 7 16 EcoRefe r ence No.: 70488 C h em ical of C once r n: P N B C B L,EN ,M A N E B ; Ha bitat : T; Effect Codes : REP,M O R; Rej ectio n Code : N O E N DP OI NT(CBL ), O K (E N, PNB ) 37 4. Kem p er, B ( 1 97 6 ) Inactivati o n o f P a rathy r oid H o rm one m R NA by Tre a tm ent with Pe rio d ate and Aniline. Na t u r e 262 : 321323 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Rej ection Code : NO CO NC, N O DUR ATI O N. 37 5. Kesh ava n R a n d Des h m u k h P. B ( 1 9 8 4 ) V itam i n A C o nc entratio ns i n Li ver an d Ser u m of the Frog, Rana tigrina, Treat ed with DD T a n d Se vin I ndi a n J.C o mp .Ani m.P h ysiol. 2: 3 2 3 6. EcoRefe r ence No.: 50919 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L DDT; H a bitat : T; E ffect Codes : BCM; Rej ection Code : NO ENDPOINT(ALL CHEM S). Page 334 of 602

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376. Khalil, S. K., Anwar, M., Naee m M., Inamullah, Ali, I., Shah, F., and Jabba r, A. (1991). Studies o n t h e Po pulatio n Dy nam i cs, Host P r efe r ence an d C h em ical C ont rol of B r ow n G a rde n Snail Helix aspersa M u ller. Sa rhad J.Agric. 7 : 8389 EcoRefe r ence No.: 86932 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : CBL,ES,EP,CBF,ADC; Hab itat : T; Effect Codes : PO P MO R BE H ; Rej ectio n Code : N O E N DP OI NT( A L L C H EM S) 3 7 7 Kh ar e, S., Si n g h S., and Mehr o t r a A. (2 002) Histop atho log i cal Ch an g e s in th e Gills of Nan d u s na nd us I n d u ce d by En dos ulfa n a n d C a rba r y l Na t. En v i r o n Po llut.Technol. 1: 14. EcoRefe r ence No.: 82011 C h em ical of C once r n: ES,C B L ; Ha bitat : A; Ef fect Codes : CEL; Rejectio n Cod e : NO ENDPOINT,S TATS (ALL C H EMS). 378. Khazraj i A. L., Al -Iraqi, R. A., and Al -Saffar, Z. Y. (1984). The Rela tive Susceptibility of C u lex pipie n s m o lestus Fors k a l to C e rtain Insecticides in Nineva District, Iraq. J.Biol.Sci.Res. 1 5 : 712 C h em ical of C once r n: DZ ,C B L ; Ha bitat : A; Rej ection C ode : NO DU RA TION 379. Khem ani, S. Khem ani, L. D ., a n d Pa nt, M C. (1990). T o xicological E ffe cts of Selected Pesticides on Brain A cethylcholinesterase AChE Activity in Rats. Indian J.Envir o n.He alth 32: 3 9 4 4. C h em ical of C once r n: P H SL, C B L ; Ha bitat : T; R e je ct i o n C ode : NO CON C ( A L L CH EMS ) 380. Khillare, Y. K. and Wagh, S. B. (1987). Chronic Effects of Endosulfan, Mala thion and Sevin in the Fresh Water Fish, Barbus stigm a Testis Histopathology. J. S c i.R e s 9 : 1922 EcoRefe r ence No.: 3706 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L M LN,ES; Hab itat : A; Ef fect Codes : CEL; Rej ection Code : NO ENDPOINT(ALL CHEM S). 381. Khillare, Y. K. and Wagh S. B. (1987). Developm ental Abnorm ali ties Induced by t h e Pesticides in t h e Fish, Barbus stigm a (Ha m .). I n dia n J.A p pl.Pure Biol. 2: 7 3 7 6. EcoRefe r ence No.: 106 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L M LN,ES; Hab itat : A; Ef fect Codes : CEL; Rej ection Code : NO ENDPOINT(ALL CHEM S). 382. Khillare, Y. K. and Wagh, S. B. (1989). Effect of Certain Pe sticides on Sperm a togenesis in Fish Ba rbus sti g m a (Ham .). Oikoass a y 6: 1 9 2 2. EcoRefe r ence No.: 89101 C h em ical of C once r n: ES,M LN,C B L ; Ha b itat : A; Ef fect Codes : CEL,REP; Rej ection C ode : N O E N DP OI NT( E S, M L N,CBL) 383. Khillare, Y. K. and Wagh, S. B. (1989). Effects of Endo sulfan, Malathi o n and Sevin on Biochem i cal C onstituents of the Fish Puntius stigm a Envi ron.Ec ol. 7 : 6669 EcoRefe r ence No.: 2387 C h em ical of C once r n: ES,M LN,C B L ; Ha b itat : A; Ef fect Codes : BCM; Rej ection C o de : NO ENDP OINT(ALL C H EM S). 384. Khillare, Y. K. and Wagh S. B. (1988). Long -Term Effects of Pes ticides En dosulfan, Page 335 of 602

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M a lathion a n d Sevin o n t h e Fi sh P u ntius sti g m a Envir o n.E c ol. 6: 5 8 9 5 93 EcoRefe r ence No.: 3426 C h em ical of C once r n: M L N ES,C B L ; Habi tat : A; Ef fect Codes : M O R, GRO, PH Y; Rej ectio n Code : N O E N DP OI NT( A L L C H EM S) 38 5. Khm e levskii, V. N. ( 1 9 6 9 ) Data o n Ex peri m e ntal Thera p y in Se vin Pois oni ng o f C h ick e ns. Veterinariia 46: 6 3 -6 4 ( R US). EcoRefe r ence No.: 50944 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ,P AH; Ha bitat : T; Rej ection C ode : NO FOR E IGN. 3 8 6 Khod ayar i, K., Sm i t h R. J. Jr., an d Tu gw ell, N P. (1 986 ). In te raction of Propanil and Selected Insect icides on Rice (Oryza sativa). Wee d Sci. 34: 8 0 0 80 3. EcoRefe r ence No.: 74315 C h em ical of C once r n: M O M M P ,C B L ,PP N ; Ha bitat : T; Effect C ode s : PH Y,P O P GR O; Rej ectio n Code : N O M I XT URE(M O M ) ,T ARGE T(CBL) 3 8 7 Kim u r a T. and Keeg an, H. L. ( 196 6) Tox i city of Som e Insecticid es and M o lluscicides for the Asian Blood Sucking Leech, Hirudo ni pponia Whitm a n A m .J. T ro p. Med. Hy g. 15 : 1 13 11 5. EcoRefe r ence No.: 2890 Ch em ica l o f Co n c ern : CBL,D Z, CH D, H C CH M LN C uS,DD T ,D LD ,N aPCP; H a b itat : A; Effect C ode s : MOR,PHY; R e j ection Code : NO CONTR O L(ALL C H EM S). 3 8 8 Kir c h m an n R., Fag n i ar t, E., an d Va n Pu ym b r o e ck S. (1 966) Stud ies on Fo liar Contam ination by Ra diocaesi u m and Ra dios trontium In : Ra dioec o lo gical C o nce n trati o n Process Pr oc. o f a n I n tern at. S ym p o s., S t o ck hol m, April 25 2 9 475 -48 3 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Rej ection Code : NO M I XTUR E. 38 9. Klass, M C a n d Ols o n J K. ( 1 98 5) T h e E ffects of Select ed Rice a n d Soybean Pesticides on the E ggs of Ps orophora col u m b iae. J.Am. M os q.C o ntr o l Assoc 1: 45 846 2. Chem ical of C once r n: M LT, CBL,CBF,M L N ,M P, TX P,P D M PPN ,AC P ,S n; Habitat : T; Rej ectio n Code : NO CONC. 39 0. Kline, E. R M a ttson, V R P i ckerin g, Q H. S p eha r D L. an d Ste pha n, C E. ( 1 9 8 7 ). Effects of Pollution on Fr es hwater Orga nis m s. J.Water Pollut.Control Fed. 59 : 539 -572 EcoRefe r ence No.: 51026 C h em ical of C once r n: AN D, Al, N H A s ,AT Z ,Ba,B N Z,Be,Cd,CBL, C TC ,CHD ,Cl, Cl2,CBZ,CF,C P H,CP Y,C r ,C o,cU,C N, DDT ,D Z,TC DD ,DCB, DP D P ,DL D D M B D X N ,E DT ,ES, EN,E THB, FR N,FM L H P T, H CCH ,Fe,P b ,M n, Hg, P RN,M o, NA P H ,P A H N i,NB Z,NP ,PCB,PC P,PL, P H T H Se ,A g,SZ ,S n,T O L,TX P,TP H,TCE V,Zn; Ha bitat : A; Rej ection C ode : NO REVI EW,NO REFS CHEC KED. 391. Knaa k, J. B., Y ee, K ., Ac kerm an, C R., Z w eig, G. F r y, D. M ., a n d W ilson, B W. (1984). Perc utane ous Abs o rptio n a n d Derm al Dose -C h o lin esterase Response St udies with Parathion and Carbaryl i n the Rat. Toxi col.A ppl.P h a r m ac ol. 76 : 252263 EcoRefe r ence No.: 37516 C h em ical of C once r n: PR N C B L; Ha bitat : T; Effect Codes : ACC,BCM ; Rej ectio n Cod e : NO CO NTRO L(A LL C H EM S), N O E N D P OI NT(CBL ). Page 336 of 602

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39 2. Kni ght, E. V ., Alva res, A. P. and C h i n B H ( 1 98 7) E ffect s o f P h e n o b a r b ital Pretreatm e nt on the In Vivo Metabolism o f Car b ar yl in Rats. B u ll.Envir o n.C ont am .T oxicol. 39: 8 1 5 8 21 EcoRefe r ence No.: 87643 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : B C M; Rej ection Code : NO CONTR O L( CBL) 39 3. Ko n n o T a n d Kaji hara O. (1 98 5 ) Sy ner g is m of Pirim i carb a n d O r gan o p hos p h o r us Insecticides Against t h e Resi stant Rice Ste m Bo rer, Chilo suppressalis Walker (Lepi d optera: Pyralidae). A p pl.E nto m ol. Z o o l. 2 0 : 40 3-4 10. EcoRefe r ence No.: 74137 C h em ical of C once r n: CPYM ,F NT,M P,F N TH ,D Z,C P Y, PRN,M L N PSM ,M DT,DDVP,TVP,CB L,BDC,PI RM,PI M MO M; H a b itat : T; Effect C ode s : MOR; R e j ection Code : TAR G ET (ML N ,DZ). 39 4. Ko pece k, K. F u ller, F., R a tzm a nn, W. a n d Sim onis, W. ( 1 97 5 ) T h e Lig h t Depe n d ent Ef fect of Insecticides on Unicellular Algae. (Lic htabhangige Insektizidwi rkungen auf Einzellige Alge n) Be r.Dtsch.B o t.Ge s. 88 : 269 -28 1 (GER) (ENG A B S) EcoRefe r ence No.: 7828 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : CBL,HCCH,DLD; Hab itat : A; E ffect C odes : B C M; Rej ection Code : NO FOREIGN( CBL,DLD,HCCH) 3 9 5 Kor n S. ( 197 3) Th e Up tak e an d Per s istence of Carbaryl i n C h annel Catfish. Tran s.Am.Fish.So c. 1 02: 1 3 7 13 9. EcoRefe r ence No.: 8889 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : ACC,MOR; Rejectio n C o d e : NO CONTR O L( CBL) 3 9 6 Kor n S. and Ear n est, R. ( 1974 ). Acu t e To x i city o f Twen ty I n secticid es to Str i p e d Bass, Morone saxatilis. Calif.Fish Game 60 : 128 -1 31 EcoRefe r ence No.: 602 C h em ical of C once r n: CBL, C PY ,H CCH MLN, MP,N aled ,A BT,FN T H, EN E S, DD T,H P T, MX C, TX P, AND C H D P R N, DLD; H a bit a t : A; E ffect Codes : MOR; Rej ection Code : NO CONTROL(ALL CHEMS) 39 7. Kos s ak o w ski, S., Zu k, M ., a n d Dziu ra, A. ( 1 98 2 ) E ffect o f C a rba r y l Int oxi cation on T h y r oid Function. Bull .Vet.Inst.Pulaw y 25 : 6265 EcoRefe r ence No.: 87750 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : PHY,MOR,BC M; Rej ectio n Co d e : NO EN DP O I N T (CBL). 3 9 8 Koun d i n y a, P. R. and Ram a mu r t h i R. (1 980) Tox i city o f Su m i th io n and Sev i n to th e Fr esh w ater Fish Saro th er odon m o ssam b icu s ( P eters) Cu r r S c i 49 : 875 -87 6 EcoRefe r ence No.: 6547 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR,PHY; R e j ection Code : NO CONTR O L( CBL) 399. Koval' Chuk, L Y ., Pere vozchenko, I I ., a n d Braginskii, L. P. (19 71) Acute Tox i city o f Yalan, E p tam and Se vin f o r Dap h n is m a gn a. Ex p.W a ter Toxicol.( E ks p. Vo dn .T oksikol. ) 2: 56 6 4 ( R U S ) (ENG A B S). Page 337 of 602

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EcoRefe r ence No.: 6133 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L M LT; Ha bitat : A; Rej ection Code : N O FO REIG N, NO CONTR O L ( ALL CHEM S). 40 0. Ko val' C h u k L Ya Pe re vozc h en k o I. I. a n d B r a g in skii, L P. ( 1 9 7 1 ) Ac ute T oxicity o f Yalan, E p tam and Se vin f o r Dap h n ia m a gna. Ex p.W a ter Toxicol.( E ks p. Vo dn .T oksikol. ) 2: 56 6 4 ( R U S ) (ENG A B S). EcoRefe r ence No.: 6133 LITE Eval Status: NO FORE IGN ECOT OX Status: A CBL,M L T ; Ef fect Codes : A 4 0 1 Kr echn iak J. an d En g l o t B. (1 994 ). In ter actio n of Lind an e an d Carb ar yl on C h o lin ester a se Activity in Rats. Toxicol.Lett. 74 : 4 4 -4 5. Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : CBL,HCCH; Hab itat : T; Rej ection C ode : NO ABSTRA CT(ALL CHEMS). 402. Krieger, R. I. and Lee, P. W. (1973). Inhi b ition of In Vi vo and In Vitro Epoxi dation of Ald r in, an d Pot e ntiation of T o xicity of Vari ous Insecticide Chem ica l s by Diquat in Two Species of Fis h Arc h E nvir o n .C ont am .T oxicol. 1 : 112 -12 1 ( U sed 277 5 As Ref ) EcoRefe r ence No.: 8894 C h em ical of C once r n: D D T, P R N,C B L A N D ; Ha bitat : A; Effect C ode s : M O R,P HY; Rej ectio n Code : NO CONTROL(ALL CHEMS) 40 3. Kri j ne n, C J a n d B o y d E M ( 1 97 1) T h e I n fl uence o f Diets C ontaini n g fr om 0 to 81 p e r Cen t of Pro t ein on To ler a ted Doses of Pesticides. Comp.Gen.P har macol. 2 : 3 73376 Chem ical of C once r n: DZ ,C BL,HCCH; H a bitat : T; R e je ction C ode : N O DUR ATI O N. 404. Kri j nen, C. J. and Boy d E. M (1970). Susceptibility to Capt an Pesticide of Al bino Rats Fed fr om Wea n in g on Diets C onta i ning Va rio u s Levels of Pr ote i n. Fo o d C o s m et.T oxicol. 8: 3 5 42 EcoRefe r ence No.: 84917 Chem ical of C once r n: DZ ,H CCH,CBL,CA P TA N; Ha bitat : T; Effect C ode s : MOR GRO; Rej ectio n Code : NO CONTROL(ALL CHEMS) 405. Kroes, R., Gall i, C., M u nro, I., Schilter, B. Tran, L. A., Wal k er, R., and Wurtzen, G. (2000). Thre sh old o f T oxic o lo gical C once r n f o r C h e m ical Substanc es Pres ent i n the Diet: A Prac tical Too l fo r A s sessin g th e N e ed for Toxicity Testing. F o o d C h em .T oxicol. 38 : 255 -31 2 EcoRefe r ence No.: 87546 Chem ical of C once r n: AZ ,C BL,DM T ,M L N ADC, D Z Captan, A TZ ,M T M ,ACP,M ZB, P CB ; Habitat : T; Rej ection Code : N O REVI EW 40 6. Kuls hrest h a, S. K. an d Ar o r a, N. (1 9 8 4 ) Ef fe ct of S ublethal Dose s of C a r b ary l an d En dos ulfa n o n the S k in o f C h anna striatus B L J Envir o n.B i ol. 5 : 14 1-1 47. EcoRefe r ence No.: 10885 C h em ical of C once r n: ES,C B L ; Ha bitat : A; Ef fect Codes : CEL; Rejectio n Cod e : NO ENDPOINT(ALL CHEM S). 40 7. Kuls hrest h a, S. K. an d Ar o r a, N. (1 9 8 4 ) Im pairm e nts Ind u c e d by S ubletha l Dos e s of Tw o Page 338 of 602

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Pesticides in t h e Ovaries of a Fres hwate r Tel e ost Cha n na st riatus Bloc h. Toxicol.Lett. 20 : 93 98 EcoRefe r ence No.: 10069 C h em ical of C once r n: ES,C B L ; Ha bitat : A; Ef fect Codes : PH Y, REP,GRO ; Rej ection C ode : N O E N DP OI NT( A LL CHEM S ) 40 8. Kuls hrest h a, S. K. an d J a u h ar L. (1 9 8 4 ) His t ochem i cal Localization o f M u co su bstance s in the Intestine of Channa striat u s o n E x po su re to S ublethal D o ses of Se vin a n d T h io dan Int.J Aca d .Ichthyol. 5: 2 7 3 2. EcoRefe r ence No.: 4309 C h em ical of C once r n: ES,C B L ; Ha bitat : A; Ef fect Codes : CEL; Rejectio n Cod e : NO ENDPOINT(ALL CHEM S). 40 9. Kuls hrest h a, S. K. an d J a u h ar L. (1 9 8 6 ) Im pairm e nts Ind u c e d by S ubletha l Dos e s of Se vin an d Th iod a n on th e Br ain of a Fr eshwater Teleo s t Ch an na str i atu s BL. ( C h a nn id ae) Act a Hydr oc him Hy dro b i o l. 14: 4 2 9 4 32 EcoRefe r ence No.: 12068 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ,E S; Ha bitat : A; Ef fect Codes : CEL; Rejectio n Cod e : NO ENDPOINT(ALL CHEM S). 41 0. Kum a r, K. a n d C h a p m a n, R B ( 1 9 8 4 ) Sub-lethal Effects of Insecticides on the Diam ondbac k M o th Pl utella xy lostella (L. ) Pestic.Sci 1 5 : 3 44352 EcoRefe r ence No.: 72015 Chem ical of C once r n: CBL,P RM ,M TM ; Ha bitat : T; Effec t Codes : M O R REP, GRO; Rej ectio n Code : TAR G ET (CBL,MTM). 41 1. Ku wa bara K., Nakam u ra, A ., and Ka shim oto, T. (1 980 ). Ef fect o f Pe troleum Oil, Pesticides, PCBs and Other Envi ronm ental Contam inants on the Hatcha bility of Artemia salina Dry Eggs. B u ll.En viron C o nta m T oxicol. 2 5 : 69 -7 4. EcoRefe r ence No.: 6548 Chem ical of C once r n: D S D Z HCCH ,CBL, D LD ,DM T ,D DT,F NT ,M LN ,Captan,AL SV ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR; Rej ection C ode : NO EN DPOI NT(A LL CH EMS) 41 2. Laks hm i, G. V ., B h arathi, C San d eep B V an d R a o, B V. S. S. R S ( 2 00 2 ) T o xicity of En dos ulfa n a n d C a r b a r y l to a B r ackis h Wat e r Oligoc haete Po nto d rilus be r m udensis. J.Ecophysiol.Occup.He alth 2: 39 4 3 EcoRefe r ence No.: 82310 C h em ical of C once r n: ES,C B L ; Ha bitat : A; Ef fect Codes : MOR,BEH,PHY; Rej ection C ode : NO C O NTROL( CBL,ES) 413. Lal, O. P. (1975). Insecticidal Sprayi ngs Causing Pollen Sterility in Chinese Cabbage. Acta Agr o n.Hung. 24 : 145 -14 7 EcoRefe r ence No.: 40851 User De fine 2: WA SH ,CAL F, M E D Chem ical of C once r n: CBL, D M T H CCH, M LN, DDT ,ES PRN, PP HD ,D DV P,TCF TX P; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : R E P; Rej ection Code : N O E N DP OI NT( A LL CHEM S ) 414. Lange, M Ge baue r, W., M a r k l, J ., a n d Nagel, R. ( 1 995). Com p arison of Testing Ac ute To xicity on E m bry o of Ze br afish, B r ac hy d a nio reri o a n d R T G2 C y toto xicity as Pos s ible Page 339 of 602

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Alternatives to the Acute Fish Test. C h e m os phe re 3 0 : 20 87210 2. EcoRefe r ence No.: 16033 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L M LN, U R E A; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : M O R,GR O,P HY; Rej ectio n Code : NO I N VI TRO ( CBL, M LN) 415. Lasat, M M Baker, A J M and K o chia n L. V. ( 199 6) Ph ysio lo gical characterization of root Z n2+ absorption a n d tra n slocation to s h oots in Z n hyperaccum u lator and nonaccum u lator species of Thla spi. Plant Physiology. 11 2 : 17 15172 2. C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Rej ection Code : NO TO X I CA NT. 416. Lavy, T L ., D e well, R. A. B eard, C. R ., M a ttice, J. D ., a nd Skulm a n, B. W. ( 1 996). Environm ental Im plications of Pe sticides in Rice Production. Ark. Agric. E x p. Stn. Res. Ser. 45 3: 61 6 9 C h em ical of C once r n: M LT, B M Y,C B L ,TB C ,CBF,MP,DCPA,2 4DC,BS F, MLN, MCPA, P CZ; Habitat : T; Rej ection Code : NO SPEC I ES 41 7. Le, D. P., Thi r ug na nam M ., Lidert, Z., C a rl son, G. R ., a nd Ryan, J B. ( 1 996). R H 2 485: A New Selective Insecticide for Caterpillar Control. I n : P ro c.I n t.C o n f .h eld at Fa rn ham, Su rrey: Br.C ro p Prot. C onf. 2 : 48 148 6. EcoRefe r ence No.: 82537 Chem ical of C once r n: M F Z, CBL,FN V ,E F V ,CP Y ,M P A Z ; Ha bitat : T; Effect Codes : M O R P O P, PH Y; R e jectio n C ode : LITE E V AL C ODE D(MFZ),NO END P O I NT( F NV ),P U BL AS (EF V ,M P, C P Y) M IX TU RE(A Z,T A RGET-CBL). 418. LeBerre, R., Philippon, B., Grebaut, S., Sechan, Y. Lenormand, J., Etienne, J., and Garreta, P. ( 1 97 6 ) C o n t rol of Sim u lium dam nosum the Vect or of Hum a n Onc h ocerciasis in We st Afr i ca. I Supple m en tar y Tr ials o f New In secticid es. W. H. O. Doc u ment ar y Series, WHO/V B C/76. 6 14 18 p EcoRefe r ence No.: 3725 Chem ical of C once r n: CBL, M XC,ABT ,CP Y M ; Ha bitat : A; E ffect C o des : MOR; Rejection C ode : N O E N DP OI NT,C ON TROL( A LL C H EM S) 41 9. Lech ner, D W an d A bdel R a hm an, M S ( 1 98 6 ) Kinetics of C a r b ary l an d M a lathio n i n Com b ination i n the Rat. J Toxicol.Envir o n.Health 18 : 2 41256 EcoRefe r ence No.: 86611 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L M LN; Habitat : T; E ffect C o des : PHY,AC C,BCM; Rej ectio n C ode : N O C O NTRO L,E N D P OI NT (CBL, M LN). 420. Lee, C. Y. Lee L. C., A n g, B H ., a n d C h ong, N. L. ( 1 999) I n secticide R e sistance in Blattel l a germ a n ica (L.) (Dictyoptera: Blattellid ae) from Hotels and Restaurants in Mal a ysia. In: W H.Robinson, R.Rettich, and G.Rambo (Eds.) Proc.3rd Int.C onf.on Urban Pests, Graficke Zav o dy Hronov, Cz ech Re public 17 1-1 8 2 EcoRefe r ence No.: 77207 C h em ical of C once r n: ES,D LD ,D DT, P M S M F N T, D Z ,CPY ,CPYM M L N,CBL, P P X ,BFT ,PM R D M ACT, HM N; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : M O R; Rej ection Code : TAR G ET(BFT DZ ). 421. Lee, J. S., Lee B. G., Yo o, H., Koh, C. H., a n d L uom a, S. N. (2001). Infl uence of React ive Sulfi d e (AVS) and Supplem e ntar y Food on Ag, Cd a n d Zn Bioaccum u lation in t h e Mari ne Page 340 of 602

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Polychaete Ne anthes are n ace ode ntata. Mar Ecol.Pr o g. Ser. 2 16: 1 2 9 14 0. C h em ical of C once r n: A g ,Z n, C d ,C B L ; Habi tat : A; Rej ection Code : N O M I XT URE. 42 2. Lem k e, L. A a n d Kissam J. B ( 1 9 8 7 ) E v a l uation o f Vari ous I n secticide s an d Hom e R e m e dies fo r C ontr o l of I ndi vid u al R e d Im po rted Fire A n t C o lo nies. J.Entomol.Sci. 22 : 27 5 28 1. EcoRefe r ence No.: 78182 C h em ical of C once r n: AL SV D Z,P Y N,C B L A C P ,C P Y ; Ha bitat : T; Effec t Codes : POP; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V AL CODED(AL SV), OK(AL L CHEMS),OK TARGET(DZ ). 423. Li, G. C. and C h en, C. Y. (1981). St udy on the Acute Toxi cities of C o mm only Used Pesticides to Two Ki nds of Fish. K O Hsue h Fa Chan Y u eh K an 9: 14 61 5 2 ( C H I) (E NG ABS) EcoRefe r ence No.: 5345 Chem ical of C once r n: ACR, CBL,OD Z ,TB C ,DZ, ES,BTC; Ha bitat : A; Effect C ode s : PHY; Rej ectio n Code : NO FO REIG N( ALL CH EMS) 42 4. Lichtenstein E P. Sc hulz, K. R., S k rent ny, R. F., a n d Ts uk ano Y. ( 196 6) Tox i city an d Fate of Insecticide Residues in Water. Arch.Environ.Health 12: 1 99212 EcoRefe r ence No.: 8020 C h em ical of C once r n: D D T, M P ,AZ C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR; Rej ection C ode : NO CON T ROL, NO EN DPOI NT(A LL CH EMS) 425. Lilly, J. H. and Downey, J. E. (1961). An nual Progress Report on C o operative Proj ect on Effects o f Se vi n a n d D D T o n Harm ful an d B e neficial A r th r o p o d s of F o res t s an d on Wildl i fe. Manuscri p t, University of M a ssachusetts, Amherst, MA 22. EcoRefe r ence No.: 16464 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L DDT; H a bitat : T; Rej ection Code : NOT EcoSSL SPECI ES,TAR GET( CBL) 4 2 6 Lilly, J. H., M o h i yudd en, S., Pr ab hu swam y, H. P., Sam u el, J. C., an d Sh etty, S. V. R (196 9) Effects of Inse cticide-Treated Rice Plants a n d Pa ddy W a te r o n Verte b rate Anim als. Mysore J.Agric.Res. 3 : 3 71379 EcoRefe r ence No.: 37713 C h em ical of C once r n: DZ ,C B L ,PR T ; Habi tat : AT; Effect Codes : MOR ; Rej ection Code : NO ENDP OINT(ALL C H EM S). 4 2 7 Lilly, J. H., M o h i yudd in S., Pr ab hu swam y, H. P., Sam u el, J. C., an d Sh etty, S. V. R (196 9) Effects of Inse cticide-Treated Rice Plants a n d Pa ddy W a te r o n Verte b rate Anim als. Mysore J.Agric.Res. 3 : 3 71379 EcoRefe r ence No.: 37713 C h em ical of C once r n: DZ ,C B L ,PR T ; Habi tat : AT; Effect Codes : MOR ; Rej ection Code : NO ENDP OINT(ALL C H EM S). 428. Liu, M Has h i, Y. S o ng, Y., and Lin, J. M. ( 200 5). Sim u lta neous Determination of C a rbam ate and Or ga n o p h o sp h o r u s Pesticides in F r uits an d Vegeta bles by Liqui d Chrom a tography-Mass Spect rom e try. J.Chromatogr .A 1 0 97: 1 8 3 18 7. Chem ical of C once r n: M CB,ADC,CBL ,M DT, A Z,M L N, PHSL ,FM A ; Habitat : T; R e j ection Page 341 of 602

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C ode : NO ME THODS ( ALL CHEMS). 429. Loe b H. A a n d Kelly, W. H ( 1 963) Acut e Oral Tox i city o f 1,496 Chem icals Force -fe d to Car p U. S.Fis h .Wildl. Serv. Sp .Sci. R ep .-Fis h .N o. 47 1, Wa s h in gto n D.C 12 4 p. EcoRefe r ence No.: 15898 C h em ical of C once r n: AZ,Ca p tan,CB L,CM PH, H CC H,M L N, Naled, SZ,P NB, A CL, W F N ,F UR, D P C ,RTN, N a N 3, PCP, NaPCP, As AC, A CL, A TZ, Se, Z n, DZ, P Y P G; Ha bitat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR,BEH; Rej ectio n Code : NO CONTROL(ALL CHEMS) 430. Lotufo, G. R ., Farra r, J. D. a n d Bridges T. S. (20 00) Eff e cts o f Ex po su re Sour ce, Worm Density, a n d Sex on DDT Bioaccum u luation a n d T oxicity in the Ma rine Polychaete Ne anthes arenace odentat a E n viron.Toxicol.Che m 19: 4 72484 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; Rej ection Code : NO SE DIM E N T 431. Lourens, J. H. M. and Ly aruu, D. M. (1979). Su sceptibility of Som e East African Strains of Rhipicephalus appendiculat us to C holinesterase Inhi biting Acaricides. PA NS (P e s t Artic.News Summ.) 25: 1 3 5 1 42 EcoRefe r ence No.: 72641 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ,C PY, D Z; Ha bitat : T; Effect Codes : MOR; Rej ection Code : TARGET(DZ ). 43 2. Lo we, J I. (1 9 6 7 ) Ef fects of Prol o nge d E x p o su re t o Se vin on an Estua r in e Fish Leio sto m us xant hu r u s Lace pede B u ll.En viron C o nta m T oxicol. 2 : 14 7155 EcoRefe r ence No.: 629 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : G R O,M O R ; R e jection C ode : NO EN DPOIN T ( C BL) 433. Lubek, B. M ., Kubow S ., Ba su, P. K. and Wells, P. G. (1990). Cataract ogenicity and Bioactivation of Naphthalene Deri vativ es in Len s C u ltu r e an d In Vivo I n : S.Ler m an a n d R.C Tri pat hi ( E ds.) Oc ular Toxicol ogy 1st C o ngr .of t h e I n t.S o c. of Ocul ar T o xic o lo gy, June 7, 1988, Toronto, Ont a rio, Canada, Marcel D ekker Inc ., N e w York NY 20 3-2 1 0 EcoRefe r ence No.: 83784 C h em ical of C once r n: N A P H ,C B L ; Ha bitat : T; E ffect C o des : C EL; R e jection C ode : NO END P O I NT( N AP H). 434. Luce na, J J ., Her n a ndez L. E., Olm o s, S., Carpe n a-R u iz, R. O. F r a gos o, M A C. a n d Van, B e usichem M L. ( 1 99 3 ) M i c r o n u trient c o ntent in g r am inaceou s a n d leg u m inous pla n ts contam inated with m e rcury de velopm en ts in plant and soil sc iences; optim iza t ion of plant nut rition. Dev.Plant Soi l Sci. 5 31537 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Rej ection Code : No M i xtu r eField, C ontr o l, Duration, C o ncs, E r e, NO M I XTUR E,S U R V EY 43 5. Lucer o, H A., An dr eo C S., and Vallejos R H. ( 1 97 6 ) S u lp hy d r y l Gr o ups in Photosy n thetic Energy C o nservation III. In hibition of Photophos phorylation i n Spinach Ch lo rop l asts by Cd Cl2 Plant Sci.Lett. 6: 30 93 1 3 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Rej ection Code : NO M E D I A OM pH ,N O I N VITR O. Page 342 of 602

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43 6. Lu nd M ( 1 9 8 1 ) C o m p ara tive Effect of t h e Three Rode nticides Warfari n Di fenac o um a n d B r o d ifac oum o n Ei ght R ode nt Species in Sh o r t Fee d in g Pe riods J.Hyg. 8 7 : 1 01107 EcoRefe r ence No.: 75609 C h em ical of C once r n: B D F WF N, DFM C B L; Ha bitat : T; Effect Codes : MOR; Rejection C ode : N O C O NTRO L,E N D P OI NT (D FM ). 437. Lupetti, P. M a rsili, L., Focardi, S., and Dallai, R. (19 94). Organochlorin e Com pounds i n Litter D wellin g Ar t h ro pod s: Co lle m b o l a (I nsecta Ap ter ygota) fr o m Cen t ral I t aly. Acta Zool.Fe n n. 94 9 7 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Rej ection Code : No Conc. 438. Lysak, A. and Marcinek, J. (1972). M u ltiple Toxic Effect of Sim u ltaneous Action of Som e C h em ical Subs tances on Fish R o cz.N auk R o ln. S er .H Rybactwo 94 : 5 3 63. EcoRefe r ence No.: 9125 C h em ical of C once r n: FM L, TOL, A N ,C B L B NZ; Habitat : A; Effect Codes : M O R,PHY; Rej ectio n Code : NO CONTROL(ALL CHEMS) 4 3 9 Maas, J. L. (1 98 2) Toxicity of Pesticides. R e p.N o 8 2 L a b. for Ec otoxic ol. I n st.fo r I n la n d Water M a na g. an d Waste Wat e r Tre a tme n t 15: 4 p. ( DUT ). EcoRefe r ence No.: 5370 C h em ical of C once r n: DM T C B L ,DZ,M L N ; Ha bitat : A; Effect C ode s : MOR; Rej ection C ode : N O FO REIG N(CBL D Z,M L N, DM T). 44 0. M acC rim m on, H. R Wre n C D ., a n d Gots B L. ( 1 9 8 3 ). M e rcu r y U p tak e by La ke T r ou t, Salvelinus namaycush, Relative to Age, Growth, and Diet in Ta de nac La ke with C o m p arative Data from Other Precam brian Shield La kes. C a n J Fis h A q uat Sci 4 0 : 11 4120 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; Rej ection Code : N O SU RV EY 441. Macek, J ., Ce ncelj, J ., Dore r, M., a n d Milharcic, L. (1974) Contam ination of Potato Field Soil and Potato Tubers with R e siduals of Carb ar yl DDT and Lind an e in Slov en ia (K ontam inacija Zem l je iz Kr om pirisc in Gom o lj ev Krom pirj a z Residui C a rbarila, Diklordifeniltri k loretana i n Li ndana v Slovenij i). Zb.Bioteh.Fak.Univ .Ljublj.Kmetijstvo. 23: 57 6 8 (P OL ). EcoRefe r ence No.: 46240 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : CBL,HCCH; Hab itat : T; Rej ecti o n Cod e : NO FOREIGN. 442. Macek, J a n d Ilc, T. (199 1). Weed Control Trials with Som e Herbicides in Medicinal Herbs (Echi n acea purpurea L a n d Pl antago a fra L.) (Vers u c h e z u r Unkraut b ekam pfung in Heilpflanzen (Echinacea pupurea L. und Plantago afra L.) mit Eini gen Herbiziden). Med Fa c.Landb ou wwet.Rijksu n i v.Gen t 5 6 : 6 65671 (GER ) (ENG ABS). EcoRefe r ence No.: 70188 Chem ical of C once r n: SZ,M TL,P H M D ,CB L ; Ha bitat : T; Effect Codes : POP; Rej ection C ode : NO FOREIGN. 443. MacKenzie, C. L. J r and She a rer, L. W. ( 1 9 5 9 ) C h em ical C ontr o l of P o ly do ra webste ri an d Other Annelids Inhabitin g Oy ster Shells. Proc.N atl.Shellfish Assoc. 50: 1 0 5 1 11 EcoRefe r ence No.: 19935 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ,R TN, 2 4DC DC B DD T, 3C E, 4 C E,PL; Ha bitat : A; E ffect C ode s : Page 343 of 602

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B E H; R e jectio n C ode : NO CO N T RO L( ALL CH EMS) 44 4. M acKenzie, K E. a n d Wi nsto n, M L. ( 1 98 9 ) T h e Ef fects of Su blethal E x p o s u re to Dia z ino n C a rba r y l an d R e sm ethrin on L o n g e v ity and F o ra gin g i n Api s m e llifera L. Apidologie 20: 2 9 40 EcoRefe r ence No.: 70542 C h em ical of C once r n: R S M DZ,C B L ; Ha b itat : T; Effect Codes : MOR,BEH; Rej ection C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( RSM ) ,O K ( AL L CHEM S ) O K T A RGE T ( D Z). 445. MacPhee, C. a n d Ruelle, R. (1 969 ). Leth al Ef f ects of 1 888 C h em ica l s up on Fou r Sp ecies of Fish From W e stern Nort h Am erica. B u ll.No.3, Fore st, Wild l.an d Ra ng e Ex p. Stn ., U n iv. o f I dah o, Mo scow, ID 11 2 p. EcoRefe r ence No.: 15148 C h em ical of C once r n: PNB,2 4 DXY,Cap t an ,CBL,DOD,HCC H,M L N,NY P,CST,WFN,FUR,C u ,Cu S ,NaN3 C u Cl,PC P,ACL A T M S e ,DBAC Z n D Z,P b ,DCB ,I A A ; Habitat : A ; Ef fect Codes : MOR,BEH; Rej ectio n Code : NO CONTROL(ALL CHEMS) 446. Macpherson, S. E., Scott, R. C., Rawlin s, M D., and W illi a m s, F. M. (1989). Carbaryl Metabolism by Rat Ski n and Liver. In: Joint Meet.of the Br.Toxic ol. Soc .a nd I n st. o f Biol. S e p t .22 23 198 8, Oxfo rd Eng l an d, U.K., Hu m.To xico l. 8: 67 6 8 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Rej ection Code : NO I N VITR O 44 7. M a dh u k ar, B V. a n d M a tsu m ura, F. (1 9 7 9 ) C o m p arison of I n d u ctio n P a tterns of R a t Hepatic M i cros om al Mixed F unctio n Oxi d ases by P e sticides an d R e lated C h em icals. Pestic.Biochem.Physiol. 11 : 3 01308 EcoRefe r ence No.: 37794 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : PCB,DDT,HCCH,D LD CBL,D Z, CHD MRX, TCDD ,D XN ; H a b itat : T; Effect Codes : BCM; Rejection C ode : No Oral (TRV)//NO RESIDUE//NO ENDPOINT(ALL CHEM S). 4 4 8 Mah e shwar i D. K., Gup t a, M., Sawhn e y, R., an d Kh an delwal, A. ( 1993 ). Du al Beh a vio u r o f C a rba r y l an d 2 4 Dic h lor o phe no xy acetic Aci d in R h iz obi u m legum inosar um 200 5 U nde r Explanta C o nditions. Zentral b l Mikrobiol 1 48: 5 8 8 59 2. C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ,2 4D X Y ; Habita t : A; Rej ection Code : NO SPECIE S ,COC(MTL),NO B A CTERIA. 44 9. M a hlber g A ( 1 9 9 0 ) H eav y Metals in Soils, Plants, Runnin g W a ter s an d Th eir Sed i m e n t s in the Banana C u ltivation Regi on of Baru, Pana m a (Schwerm etalle in Boeden, Pflanzen, Fliessgewae sse rn u n d I h ren S e dim e nten im B a nane na nba u g ebiet B a r u Pa nam a ). Gov Re p.A n n o unce I n dex 2 4 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Rej ection Code : NO D U RA TI ON ,N O SUR V EY. 45 0. M a ier-B o d e, H ( 1 97 2) Ver h a lten v o n He r b iziden i n Wasse r, S c hlam m und Fisc he n nach Applikation i n Fischteichen. Schriftenkeihe des Vereins 37: 6 7 -7 5 (G ER). EcoRefe r ence No.: 79757 C h em ical of C once r n: AM TR ,SZ, ATZ C B L ; Ha bitat : A; R e j ection Code : NO FOREIGN. 45 1. M a ine F o rest S e rv ., De p. of C ons er vation ( 1 98 0 ) E ffects o f C a r b ary l (Se v in ) on B r oo k Tro u t Page 344 of 602

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in Stream s Receiving Drift from Spraying of Nearby Fore sts. In : K G. Strat t on ( E d.) Enviro n. Mo nit. Rep.fr om the 1 9 7 9 Mai n e C o ope rative Spr u ce Bu dw o r m S u p p ressi o n Pr o j ect, Maine Fo rest Serv. Dep of C ons ervatio n, A u g u st a, M E 130 0. EcoRefe r ence No.: 16310 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; R e j ection Code : NO REVIEW. 45 2. M a ine F o rest S e rv ., De p. of C ons er vation ( 1 97 8 ) E ffects o f Se vin a Sp ru ce B u dw orm I n secticid e on Fish and Inv e r t eb r a tes in the Mattawa m k eag Riv e r in 1976 In : K. G.S t ra tto n (Ed ) En viron Mon it.o f Coopera tive Sp ru ce Bud w o r m C o n t ro l Pro j ects, Ma in e 19 76 an d 19 7 7 Mai n e F o rest Serv. De p. of C o nserv a t i on, A u g u sta ME 1 24 2. EcoRefe r ence No.: 16304 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; R e j ection Code : NO REVIEW. 45 3. M a ine F o rest S e rv ., De p. of C ons er vation ( 1 98 4 ) A St u d y of Leaf -P roces sing Disr u p tio n in Str eam s W ith in Sp ru ce Budwor m Su pp rj essio n Proj ect Car b ar yl Spr a y B l o c k s In : K G. Stratto n ( E d.) Envir o n Mo nit.Rep.fr o m the 1 9 8 3 M a ine S p r u ce B u d w orm S u ppre s s i on Project, M a ine Fore st Serv ., Dep of C o nser vation A u gust a ME 1 11 3. C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Rej ection Code : N O REVI EW ,N O REFS CHECKE D. 45 4. M a lley D. F ( 1 9 9 6 ) C a dm ium Wh ole-La ke Ex perim e nt at the E xpe rim e ntal Lakes A r ea An A n ac hr onism C an J Fis h Aq u a t Sci 53 : 1 862 -18 7 0 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; Rej ection Code : N O REVI EW 455. Malvisi, J., Za ghi ni, A., and Stracciari, G. (1992). Carbary l Distribu tion i n Ra bbit Tiss ues and B ody Fl uids Vet. Hu m. To xico l. 3 4 : 50 1-5 03. EcoRefe r ence No.: 87664 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : A C C PH Y; R e je ction C ode : NO CO N T RO L,EN DPOI NT( C BL) 456. Mani, M. (1994). Relative T o xicity of Different Pesticides to Cam poletis chlorideae Uc hida (Hym ., Ichne u m onidae). J.Bi ol.C o n trol 8: 1 8 2 2. EcoRefe r ence No.: 62600 C h em ical of C once r n: 2I NEB, DI N O D CF,C u,ES ,M OM ,CBL,F N V PH SL,C YP, D M DM T,M L N, CPY,M P ,F NT H, D DV P,P P H D ,F VL, A CP,M ZB ,CBD; Habitat : T; E ffect C o des : M O R; Rej ectio n Cod e : OK TARGET(DM T,MLN,FVL,C Y P,ACP,CBL ). 45 7. M a ni, M a n d Kris hnam o o r th y A. ( 1 9 9 6 ) R e sp onse o f t h e Ency rtid Parasi toid, Tetracnem oide a indica of the Orie ntal Meal y b u g Plan ococc u s lilacinus to Diffe re nt Pesticides. In dia n J.Plan t Prot. 24 : 8085 EcoRefe r ence No.: 67219 C h em ical of C once r n: TDF, PP HD ,D M T ,ES, DD VP F N V ,CY P D M M P ,F NT H,M L N,P H S L ,CB L ,FV L ,CP Y A ZD,F S TAI Capta n ,Zi r am ,M ZB,DIN O,Cu,CT N ,DC F ; Ha bitat : T; Effect Codes : MOR; Rej ectio n C ode : NO C O NTROL(ALL CHEMS),TAR GET ( MLN,CBL). 45 8. M a no rik, A V. Vasil' chen k o V. F. M a ndr ov skaya, N. M., an d Malich e nko S. M. (19 6 8 ) Inactivation of Herbicides of t h e 1, 3, 5-T r iazine Se ries by S o il M i cro o r g a n ism s Agrokhimiya Page 345 of 602

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4: 1 2 3 1 35 (R US) EcoRefe r ence No.: 72441 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; R e j ection Code : NO FOREIGN. 45 9. M a nso u r S A. ( 1 9 8 7 ). Is it P o ssible t o Use t h e Ho ney B ee Ad ult as a B i oindicato r fo r t h e Detection of Pesticide Residues in Plants ? A c ta Biol. H un g. 38: 6 9 7 6. EcoRefe r ence No.: 67982 Chem ical of C once r n: M O M CBL,PIRM F N T,CP Y, DCF, FN V,P P X DZ; Ha bitat : T; Effect C odes : MOR,ACC; Rej ection C o d e : NO DU RA TI ON ,END PO IN T(D Z ) N O ENDPOINT(MOM),T A RGET(CBL). 460. Mansour, S. A., Ali, A. D., and Al-Jalili, M. K. (1984). The Residual To xi city to Honeybees of Som e In secticides o n C l o v e r Fl owe r s: La bo rato ry Stu d i e s. J. A p ic .R e s 23 : 213 -21 6 EcoRefe r ence No.: 35334 Chem ical of C once r n: CBL,F NV ,PIRM PP X,F N T,C P Y M O M DCF D Z ; Ha bitat : T; Effect C odes : MOR; Rej ection Code : N O E N DP OI NT( D Z M O M ) ,O K TARG ET( PPX ,CBL,F NT,CP Y ,P IRM DC F, FN V). 461. Marking, L. L., B ills, T. D., and Crowt h er, J. R. (1984). Effects of Fi ve Di ets on Sensitivity of Rainbow Trout to El e v en Che m icals. Prog.Fish-C u lt. 4 6 : 15 EcoRefe r ence No.: 10656 Chem ical of C once r n: Cl,TF M ,CBL,PM R A TM ,M L N ,C N,CuS,RT N,C u ; Habitat : A; Effect C odes : MOR; Rej ection Code : N O CO NT ROL( ALL CH EM S),L ITE E VAL CO DE D( O W TRV-C u ). 462. M a rletto, F. P a tetta, A., and M a nino, A. ( 2 003). La borat o ry Asse ssm en t of Pesticide Toxicity to Bum b lebees. B u ll.I n sectol ogy 56 : 1 55158 EcoRefe r ence No.: 73698 C h em ical of C once r n: M O M IM C LC YT ,C YF, D M T A V, ACP,CBL,CP Y M PS PL; Ha bitat : T; Effect Codes : M O R ; R e jection C ode : OK(ALL C H E M S),OK TAR G ET (ACP ,CBL). 46 3. M a rsh, J. A P an d Davies H A ( 1 97 8 ) Th e Ef fect o f Her b icides o n R e s p iratio n a n d Tran sf orm a tion of Nitr oge n i n T w o S o ils. I II. Lenacil, Terbacil, C h lort h i a m id an d 2,4,5T. Weed Re s. 18 : 5 7 -6 2. C h em ical of C once r n: TR B C B L; Ha bitat : T; Rej ection C ode : NO SPE CIES. 464. Martinek, V. a n d Svestka M. (1968). Recent Experien ce in the C h eck and Control of Nun Moth Lym a ntria-m onacha i n t h e USSR (Die Neu e sten Er iahr ung en m i t d e r Kon t ro lle und B e kam p fun g d e r No n n e Ly m a ntria m onacha L. i n der C S S R ). Ce ntral b l.Gesamte F o rst wes. 85: 1 2 9 14 1 ( G ER ) EcoRefe r ence No.: 46104 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; R e j ection Code : NO FOREIGN. 46 5. M a rtinez-Ta bc he, L., Ge rm an-Faz, C ., R a m i rez-M o ra, B a n d Gala r-C aste lan, I. (1 9 9 5 ) Effect of C a r b ary l an d Lea d on P h en ols C h lor o phy ll an d P r oteins o f t h e M i croalga An kistr ode sm us falcatus R ev. L a tinoa m. M i cr o b i o l 37 : 93 -9 9 ( S PA) ( E NG ABS). EcoRefe r ence No.: 18576 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ,P b; Habitat : A; Effect Codes : BCM; Rej ectio n Cod e : NO Page 346 of 602

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FOREI G N( AL L CHEM S ) 46 6. M a rzo u k S A. an d ElG e ndy K. S. ( 1 9 9 8 ) Som e B i ologic a l Effects o f th e I n secticide Car b ar yl on M i ce. Toxicol.Lett. 9 5 : 14 4. C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Rej ection Code : NO ABSTRACT( CBL) 467. Mason, A. Z., Jenkins, K. D., and Sullivan, P. A. ( 1988). Mechanism s of Trace Metal Accum u lation in the Polycha e te Neathes are n aceode ntata. J Ma r B i o l As so c U K 68 : 61 -8 0. C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; Rej ection Code : NO M I XTUR E. 46 8. M a tthewso n, M D. Wilso n R G ., an d Ha m m a nt, C A. ( 1 9 7 6 ) T h e De velo pm ent of Resistan ce to Cer t ain Org a no pho spho ru s an d Carbam ate Ixodicides by the Blue Tick, Boophilus decoloratus (K o c h) (Acar i n a Ix od id ae) in Rhod esia. Bull.Ent o mol.Res. 66: 55 3 56 0. EcoRefe r ence No.: 72642 Chem ical of C once r n: PSM E TN,CBL,CM P H,CP Y, DZ, D C T P; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : M O R ; R e jectio n C ode : NO DU RA TI ON( ALL CH EM S) ,N O CO C( MTA S ). 46 9. M a y e r, F. L. Jr ( 1 97 4) Pesticides as Pollutants. In : B.G Lip t a k (Ed ) En viro nm en ta l En gineer 's Ha nd b ook C h ilton B o ok C o ., Ra dn or, PA 405 -4 18 ( P u b l in Par t As 679 7) EcoRefe r ence No.: 70421 C h em ical of C once r n: AN D,C H D D D T, DL D,E S ,E N, HPT, TX P, D Z ,CPY ,PRN ,C BL,ACL, A TZ C u,E D T, SZ, A s AZ M L N; Habitat : A; Effect Codes : M O R; Rej ectio n Cod e : NO CONTROL(ALL C H EM S). 4 7 0 Mayer F. L. Jr. and Eller s ieck M. R. (1 988) Exp e r i en ces with Sin g l eSpecies Tests fo r Acute Toxic E ffects on Fres hwater Anim a l s. Am b i o 17: 3 6 7 3 75 EcoRefe r ence No.: 20679 Chem ical of C once r n: ED T,T X P,CBL ,D DT, C PY,E N,CL D; Ha bitat : A; R e j ection Code : NO REVI EW,NO REFS CHECKED. 47 1. M azura nich, P. C a n d O n sa ge r, J A. ( 198 6) Labo r a tor y In secticid e Bio a ssays, M. Sang u i n i p e s, B o zem an Mon t an a, 19 771984 Insectic.Ac a ric.Tests 1 1 : 30 8. EcoRefe r ence No.: 88040 Chem ical of C once r n: TDC CBF,M LN,CB L ,CYF; Ha bitat : T; Effect Codes : MOR; Rej ectio n Code : NO CONTROL(ALL CHEM S T A RG ET CBL M LN ,T D C ). 4 7 2 McCr ack en N. W Blain P. G., and William s F. M. (1 993 ). Natu r e and Ro le of Xenobio tic Metabolizing Esterases i n Rat Li ver, L u n g Skin an d B l oo d. Bioc he m.P h arm a c o l. 45 : 31 -36 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ,F ZFB ; Ha bitat : T; Rej ection C ode : NO IN VI TRO( ALL CHEMS). 4 7 3 McKim J. M. ( 197 7) Th e Use of Em b r yo -Lar val, Early Juvenile Toxicity Tests with Fish for Estim a ting Lo ng -Te r m Toxic ity J.Fish.Res .Boar d C a n. 34 : 21 p EcoRefe r ence No.: 87542 C h em ical of C once r n: TFN,ACL TXP,ES,HP T ,ML N ,H CCH,AZ,EN,DZ,CBL ,Captan,AT Z,PC B,Cl,Hg,Zn ,Ni,Pb,Cr Cu,Cd; Ha bitat : A; Rej ection Code : NO RE VIE W Page 347 of 602

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47 4. M e gha raj, M R a o, A. P. R a o, A. S. a n d V e nkates w arl u K. (1 9 9 0 ) I n te raction Ef fects of Car b ar yl and I t s Hydro l ysis Pr odu ct, 1 Naphth o l Towards Three Is olates of Microal g ae from Rice Soil. Agr i c.Ecosyst.E n vi ron. 31: 2 9 3 3 00 EcoRefe r ence No.: 88394 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; NO EN DP O I N T (CBL). E ffect C odes : POP,BCM,PHY; Rej ectio n Cod e : 47 5. M e gha raj, M Ven k ates warlu K ., a n d R a o, A. S. (1 9 8 9 ) T h e Use of U n ic ellular S o il G r een Algae for Inse cticide Bioassa y. J.Micr obi ol.Meth ods 10 : 11 9-1 2 2 EcoRefe r ence No.: 75296 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : CYP,FNV,CBF,CBL; Hab itat : A; Effect C ode s : GRO; Rej ection C ode : N O E N DP OI NT( A LL CHEM S ) 47 6. M e hta, R S. a n d Ha w xby K W. ( 1 97 9) E f f ects of Sim azine on the B l ueG ree n Alga Anacystis nidulans. Bu ll.En viro n.Con t am.Toxico l 23 : 31 9-3 2 6 EcoRefe r ence No.: 6870 C h em ical of C once r n: SZ,C B L ; Ha bitat : A; Ef fect Codes : PHY; Rej ectio n Cod e : NO EN DPOIN T (SZ) 47 7. M e nzer, R E and Ditm an, L. P. (1 9 6 8 ) R e s i dues in Spi n ac h Gr ow n i n Di sulf oto n an d Phorate-Treate d Soil. J Ec on E nto m ol. 61: 2 2 5 22 9. EcoRefe r ence No.: 46437 C h em ical of C once r n: D S ,PR T ,C B L ; Ha bit a t : T; Effect Codes : ACC,POP; Rej ectio n Co d e : NO ENDP OINT(ALL C H EM S),T ARGET(C B L). 478. Merino, G., Va zquez V., an d Soria S. (1968). E fficacy of 9 Insecticides in the Fi ght Against Epitrix sp. in Potato Pl antations i n Ecuador. Turrialba 18 : 6 8 -7 0. EcoRefe r ence No.: 52174 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L D Z,M L N; Ha bitat : T; R e jec tion C ode : Not Ecossl Species//TAR GET ( M L N DZ ,CBL). 47 9. M e rriam T. L. an d Axtell, R C ( 1 9 8 3 ) Relative Toxicity of Certain Pesticides to Lage nidium gigante u m (Oom y cetes : Lage nidiales), a F u n g a l Patho g e n of M o sq uito Lar v ae. Environ.Ent o mol. 1 2 : 51 5-5 21. EcoRefe r ence No.: 66427 C h em ical of C once r n: M T PN, A CR,C P Y, FNT H ,M L N ,TM P ,D FZ,C aptan, ATZ D D T ,HCCH ,CBL, PPX ,PM R ,T X P ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : GRO; Rej ection Code : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( ATZ ) 480. Miller, B. E., Forcum D. L., Weeks, K. W., Wheeler, J. R., and Rail, C. D. (1970). An Evaluation of Insecticides for Flea Control on W i l d Mammals. J.Me d.Ent o mol. 7 : 6 9770 2. EcoRefe r ence No.: 69363 Chem ical of C once r n: DZ ,C BL,CPY ,M LN ; Ha bitat : T; Effect C ode s : POP; Rej ection C ode : OK T A RGET(DZ ),OK(ALL CHEM S). 481. Miller, P. M. (1967). Stim ula ting Em er gence of Larvae of Heterodera tabacum with Fu ngicide s. Plant Dis.Re p. 51 : 202 -20 6 EcoRefe r ence No.: 72392 Page 348 of 602

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C h em ical of C once r n: C u S Z n N abam ,Maneb,MXC ,PNB,Captan,CBL; Habitat : T; Effect C odes : POP,MOR; Rej ection C ode : NO EN DPOI NT( C BL) 48 2. M i shra, D. P. Sing h, R L ., a n d G u pta, R K ( 1 99 2) Pe sticide I n duce d R e spo n se in M a iz e C h lor o plast Li pids Photosynthetica 26 : 44 1444 EcoRefe r ence No.: 44272 C h em ical of C once r n: ES,C B F ,SZ,C B L User De fine 2: REPS, WA SH C ALF,C O RE, S ENT; Ha bitat : T; Effect C ode s : BCM; Rej ectio n Code : N O E N DP OI NT( A L L C H EM S) 483. M itsuhas h i, J. Grace T. D C. and Water h o u se, D. F. ( 197 0) Ef f ects of I n secticid es on Cultures of Insect Cells. Ent o mol.Exp.Appl. 13: 3 2 7 34 1 EcoRefe r ence No.: 2797 C h em ical of C once r n: CBL,DZ, HCC H ,M L N ,P PB,P YN ,RTN ,AT N ,A ND ,D DT, D LD,M XC,A s ; Habitat : A; Effect C ode s : MOR; Rej ection C ode : NO CO N T RO L( ALL CH EMS) 484. M i yashita, K., Tachiba n a, S. Som a E., a n d Naka jim a F. ( 1 9 6 6 ) St udies on C h em ical Thin nin g of A pples I E ffect of Se vin (1 N a pht hy l N M e th y l carbam a te) on T h in nin g L e adin g Apple Varieties Res.Bull.Hokkai d o Na tl.A g ric.Ex p. Stn. 8 9 : 114 ( J PN) ( E NG ABS) EcoRefe r ence No.: 28068 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; R e j ection Code : NO FOREIGN. 485. Moham e d, A. K. A., Pratt, J. P., and Nelson, F. R. S. (1 987). C o m p atibilit y of Metarhizi u m anisopliae va r. anisopliae w ith Chem ical Pest icides. Mycopa tho l og ia 99 : 99 -10 5 EcoRefe r ence No.: 70030 C h em ical of C once r n: M T PN,CP Y Z ineb,M ane b ,B M Y ,CH D ,T XP ,M OM ,CBF,C BL,DZ TM P, F N TH ,RSM ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : P O P,R E P; R e je ction C ode : NO EN DPOIN T ( A LL CHEMS) 4 8 6 Mo r a M. A A u m a n H J. Lud w ig J. P. G i esy, J. P. V e rbrugge, D. A ., a n d L u dwig, M E. ( 199 3) Po lychlo r i n a ted Biphen y ls and C h lorinated Insecticides in Plasm a of Caspian Terns: Relationshi ps with Age, Productivity, and C o lo ny Site Tenacity in the Great Lakes. Arch. E nvir on C ont am .T oxico l 24 : 320 -33 1 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Rej ection Code : NO M I XTUR E,CO NC,S UR VEY 48 7. M o ra n, S. a n d Sof e r, S. ( 1 99 5 ) T h e To xic ity o f Di fenac o u m and Difet h ialone t o the R o c k Hyra x, Procavi a cape n sis Pestic.Sci. 44: 3 0 5 3 07 EcoRefe r ence No.: 75485 C h em ical of C once r n: D F T, D F M C B L ; Ha b itat : T; Effect Codes : MOR; Rej ection Code : NO CO NTRO L,EN DP OI NT (AL L CH EM S ) 48 8. M o relan d D E. ( 1 99 9 ) B i ochem i cal Mech anism s of Action of Herbicides and t h e Im pact of B i otechn o lo gy on the De ve lopmen t o f He rbicides. J.Pestic.Sci. 24: 2 9 9 30 7. EcoRefe r ence No.: 70107 Chem ical of C once r n: SZ, H C C H,A TZ, PL, D DT,PC P ,CBL, 2 4D XY ,S XD ,I ZP,DM B ; Ha bitat : T; R e jectio n C ode : NO REVI EW 48 9. M o relan d D E. a n d N o vitzk y W. P. ( 1 98 4 ) Inte rfe rence by D D T an d C y clodiene Ty p e s o f Page 349 of 602

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Insecticides wi th Chl o roplast-Ass o ciat ed Re actions (Spinac h Spi n acea ole r acea). Ch e m Biol.I nteract. 48 : 153 -16 8 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Rej ection Code : NO I N VITR O 490. M o r g an, J. E. Richards, S. P. G. a n d M o rga n A. J. ( 2 0 0 1 ). Stab le St rontium Accum u lat i on by Eart hw o r m s : A Para digm fo r R a diostr o n tiu m Interactions with Its Cationic Analogue, Calciu m Envi ron.Toxicol.C h em. 20 : 123 6-12 43 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Rej ection Code : NO D U RA TI ON ,S URVE Y. 49 1. M o r g an W. S. G. ( 1 9 7 5 ) M o nitori ng Pes ticides by Means of Cha nges in Electric Potential C a used by Fis h Ope r c u lar R h y t hm s. Pro g W ater Tec h nol 7: 3 3 4 0 ( A utho r C o m m unication Used). EcoRefe r ence No.: 8151 C h em ical of C once r n: PR N C H D C B L ; Hab itat : A; Ef fect Codes : P H Y, GRO; Re jection C ode : N O E N DP OI NT( A LL CHEM S ) 49 2. M o rishita, M ( 2 0 0 1 ) T oxicit y of Som e In se cticides to Larvae of Flankliniella occidental is (Per ga nde ) (T h y s ano p tera: T h ri pidae) E v aluated by the Pe tri Dish -S pray i n g T o we r M e t h o d Ap pl.Ent om ol. Z o o l. 36: 1 3 7 14 1. EcoRefe r ence No.: 82021 C h em ical of C once r n: PRB,EM M B ,T HO ,ACT ,EF X T DL, P IM P H S L, PIRM D M T F NT H,M L N, D D V P A CT,L U F ,T CF,CYP ,ES, S S ,IM C ,F VL ,P M R ,CBL,M O M ,ALP ,F NT, M DT,CP Y ,F F, DZ,BF T ; Habi tat : T; Effect C ode s : MOR; Rej ection C ode : TAR G ET (DZ ) 49 3. M o riso n, R ( 1 98 4 ) T h e Ac ute Su blethal E f f ects of the Pest icides Ca rb ar yl and Malath ion on Partial Ethogram s of the Yellow B u llhea d (I ctalurus natalis (Les ue ur )). P h .D.T hesis, University of Tennessee, K noxville, TN 43 5 p EcoRefe r ence No.: 9103 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L M LN; Habitat : A; Effect Codes : B E H; R e jection C ode : NO EN DPOIN T ( C BL, M LN) 49 4. M o scio ni, A. D., E ngel, J. L. an d C a si da, J. E. (1 9 7 7 ) Ky nu re nine Fo rm am idase In hi bition as a Possi ble Mechanism for Certain Te ra tog e n i c Eff ects of Org a nop ho sph o ru s an d Methylcarbamate Insecticides in C h icke n E m bry o s. Bi och e m.P h arm a c o l. 26 : 225 1-2 258. EcoRefe r ence No.: 38043 C h em ical of C once r n: DCTP, D Z CBL,PIRM PP HD ,M TM ,PRN ,P RT,M P,CM PH ,M VP,M L N D M T ,D DV P; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : B C M GR O; R e jection C ode : LITE EVAL CODE D( DZ ,CBL), NO END P O I NT( D CTP,PIRM P P H D M T M PR N,PRT M P ,C M P H,M V P,M L N, DM T, DD VP) 49 5. M o ser, V C ( 1 9 9 5 ) C o m p ar isons o f t h e Ac ute Ef fects of C holineste rase In hibito rs Usin g a Neu r obe ha vior al Scree n in g B a ttery in R a ts. N e urot oxicol.T eratol. 17 : 6 17625 EcoRefe r ence No.: 83781 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : ADC,DZ,CBL,PRN,CPY,FNTH; Hab itat : T; Effect Codes : BEH,PHY; Rej ectio n Cod e : NO ENDP OINT(ALL C H EM S). 496. Mostert, M. A., Schoem a n, A. S., an d Van der Merwe, M. (2002) The Relative Toxicities of Page 350 of 602

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Insecticides to Earthworm s of th e Phe r etim a Group (Oligoc haeta). Pest Ma nag .S ci. 58: 44 6 45 0. EcoRefe r ence No.: 66555 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : CYF,IMC,CPY,CBL; Hab itat : T; Effect C ode s : MOR; Rej ection C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( CYF) ,O K( IM C,CPY,CBL ), NO EN DP O I N T (FP N ) 497. Mueller, H., M e isel, S., Graller, P., Ka hr G., and Ni nau s W ( 1 99 1) Verte ilung U n d Wand er ung Von Rad i on uk lid en I n Bo ed en Un d Der e n Auf n ah m e I n Pf lan z en Nach Dem Reaktorunfall In Tsch er nob yl. ( D istr ibu tio n And Migr a tion Of Radi onuclides In Soils And Their Uptake In Pla n ts After Th e C h ernobyl Reactor Acci dent). Go v.Rep.Ann oun ce.Ind e x C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Rej ection Code : NO SPEC I ES 498. M u lla, M S ., Norland, R. L Fana ra, D M Da rwaze h, H A., and M c Kea n D. W. (1971). C ontr o l of C h i r o n o m i d M i dges in R e c r eatio nal La kes. J.E c on .E nto m ol. 64 : 300 -30 7 EcoRefe r ence No.: 5158 C h em ical of C once r n: AB T E P R N ,HCCH,M P,CBF,FNTH,CBL; Hab itat : A; Effect Codes : POP; R e jectio n C ode : NO EN DPOI NT(A LL CH EMS) 499. M u lla, M S ., Norland, R. L W e stlake W. E., Dell, B., and St. A m a nt, J. (1973). A quati c Midge La rvicides, Thei r E ffi cacy and Residues i n Water, Soil, and Fish in a W a rm -Water Lake. En viron.En to mo l. 2: 5 8 6 5. EcoRefe r ence No.: 4277 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ,C PY, F NT; Ha bi tat : A; Ef fect Codes : POP; Rej ection Code : NO EN DP O I N T (CBL). 500. Muller, G. (1972) Cha nge s i n the Beetle Fa una of t h e Upper Surface of the Soil of C u ltivated Fields After Application of Herbicides (C ole opte r a) ( D ie V e ran d er u nge n der Kole opte r en fa una de r B ode n obe rflac he vo n K u ltu rfelde rn nach He rbizide i nsatz (C ol.)). Folia Entomol.Hung. 25 : 297 -30 5 (H UN ). EcoRefe r ence No.: 72195 C h em ical of C once r n: AT Z,C B L; Ha bitat : T; Rej ection C ode : NO FOR E IGN. 501. Munn, M D. and Gilliom R. J. (2001). Pesticide Toxicity Index for Fres hwater Aquatic Or ga nism s. Water-Res o ur. I n vestig.Rep .N o 01 4 0 7 7 U. S. Geol. S urv. Sa cram ent o C A 15 5 C h em ical of C once r n: MCPB,CBL,CPY,DZ,ML N,A CR,AT Z,BF L,BTY,CZE,L N R, MTL,MB Z,PDM PRO,S Z ,TET, TFN; Ha bitat : A; Rej ection Code : N O RE VIE W ,RE FS CHECKE D. 50 2. M u ra kam i M and F ukam i J. I. ( 1986). Relationship Between Specific M o lecular C o n n ectivity I ndices an d Te r a toge nicity C a rcin oge nicity and M u ta genic ity of C a r b am ate Pesticides. Bul l .Environ.C ontam.Toxicol. 37 : 326 -32 9 Chem ical of C once r n: M O M CBF,A DC,CBL,BM Y ,P PX ,T RL; Ha bitat : T; Rej ection C ode : NO CO NC, N O DUR ATI O N. 503. Murray, H. E and Guthrie, R K. (19 80) Eff ects of Car b aryl, Diazin o n and Malath ion on Native Aquatic Populations of Micr oo rg an ism s Bu ll.En viro n.Con t am.Toxico l 24 : 53 5-5 4 2 EcoRefe r ence No.: 6587 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L D Z,M L N; Ha bitat : A; E ffe ct Codes : PHY PO P ; Rej ectio n Page 351 of 602

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C ode : OK ( C BL, M LN) N O EN DPOI NT(D Z) 504. Murugesan, K. and Dhi n gra, S. (1995). Variability in Resistance Pattern of Variou s Groups of Insecticides Evaluated Against Spodoptera litura (Fabricius) Duri ng a Period Spanni ng Ove r T h ree De cades. J.Entomol.Res.(New Delhi) 1 9 : 3 13319 C h em ical of C once r n: DM ,LCY T,CY P,F N V FP P,M P ,CPY ,PP H D, ES,M LN ,F NT, H CCH, F NT H, DM T,CBL; Habitat : A; Rej ection Code : NO CO NC. 50 5. Naq v i, S. M Z ( 1 97 3) T o xicity of T w enty T hree I n secticides t o a T u bifi cid Wo rm Branchiura sowerbyi From t h e Mississippi Delta. J.Econ .En t omo l 66: 7 0 7 4. EcoRefe r ence No.: 2798 Chem ical of C once r n: AZ ,C BL,CPY ,HCC H,M L N,M P ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR; Rej ectio n Code : N O E N DP OI NT( A Z ) ,L I TE E VAL CO DED ( CBL) 50 6. Naray a nan K. S. a n d C h a u dh uri, R K. (1 992 ). Em u l sif i ab le Con centrate Form ulations for Multiple Active Ingredients Us ing N-Alkyl p yrrolidones. I n : L.E B ode a n d D. G.C h asi n ( E ds.) Pesticide For m ulatio ns a n d A pplicati o n Sy stems, A S TM S T P 1 1 1 2 Phila delp hia, PA 11: 7 3 9 6. C h em ical of C once r n: M TL, ATZ, CBL ,DU,MTL,PDM TDZ; Ha bitat : T; Rej ection C o de : NO SPEC I ES TOX D A T A 50 7. National Lib r a r y o f M e dicine ( 1 9 8 9 ). T OXL INE Sea r ch on Saltwater, Fres hwate r Bioconcentration and Ca rba r yl. http://toxnet .nlm.nih.gov 11 p EcoRefe r ence No.: 67313 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; R e j ection Code : NO REVIEW. 5 0 8 Nav a s, J. M. an d Seg n e r H. (1 998 ). An tiestro g e n i c Activ ity o f An thr opog en ic and Natur a l Ch em ica l s. Environ.Sci.Pollut.Res. 5 : 7582 EcoRefe r ence No.: 82896 Chem ical of C once r n: OM L M O M CBL,PP X ADC, E S, PA H,PCB, TCD D ; Ha bitat : AT; Rej ectio n Code : N O RE VIE W ,C OC(A SC N). 509. Nayak, M. K., Collins, P. J., and Kopittke, R A. (2003). Residual Toxi cities and Persistence of O r ga n o p h o s p h o r us I n secticides M i xe d with Carba r yl as Structural T r eatm e nts Against Three Liposcel idid Psoci d Species (Ps o c opt era: Liposceli d idae ) Infesting St ore d Grai n. J.Stored Pr od.Res. 3 9 : 34 3-35 3. C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Rej ection Code : NO M I XTUR E. 51 0. Neil, K A., Ga ul, S O., an d M c R ae, K. B ( 1 9 9 7 ) C o ntr o l of the E n glish Grai n Ap hid [Sito bio n a v en ae (F .)] ( H om optera: A phi didae) a n d the Oat Birdc h erry Aphid [ R ho p a lo siphum p a d i ( L .) ] (Ho m o p t er a: Ap h i d i d a e) o n W i n t er Cer eals. Ca n. E n to mo l. 129 : 10 7 9 1 09 1. EcoRefe r ence No.: 63983 C h em ical of C once r n: M C PP1, D M B 2 4D XY ,M CP A, DM T,CBL, M ZB,TDF ,PC Z ,CQTC, EP H, BM N,PIM ; H a bitat : T; Effect Codes : REP,M O R POP; Rejection C ode : LIT E EVAL CODE D( DM T PCZ, DM B,T D F) ,N O M I XT URE(M C PP1), OK (44DX Y ,M CP A, M Z B,EPH BM N,P I M ) O K T A RGE T (C QT C,CBL). Page 352 of 602

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5 1 1 Neub er g e r C L. an d Ach ituv, Y. (19 90) Ef fects o f Su blethal an d Lethal C once n tratio ns o f Zn a n d C d on the B u rr o w in g B e havi or, R e s p iratio n a n d A m m onium Ex cretion o f Do n a x truncul u s (Bivalvia-Donacida e). 1 2 th An n u C onf. o n P h ysi o lo gical an d B i oche mical Ap pro a c h es t o the T o xicol ogi cal Asses s me nt of E n viro n m e n tal P o llutio n, Au g. 27 -3 1, Utr echt, Netherlands C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; Rej ection Code : NO S OURCE. 51 2. Neu h o ld, J. M ( 1 9 8 7 ). T h e R e lationshi p of Life Hist ory A ttributes to Toxicant Tolerance in Fishes. E n viron.Toxicol.C h e m 6 : 7 09716 EcoRefe r ence No.: 68899 C h em ical of C once r n: BNZ,CBL, S e, DDT ,A N D N H, ATZ, C H D Cu,D LD ,ES E N H PT, H CCH P RN,PC P ,T XP ,Zn; Habitat : A; Rej ection Code : NO REVI EW,NO REFS CHECKED. 51 3. Nielsen, D G., D unla p M J. an d P u rrin g to n, F. F. (1 9 8 8 ) Eval uation o f B T -Py r e n o n e Agai nst Gy psy M o th Lar v ae on R e d Oa k, Wo oster Ohi o 1 9 8 6 Insectic .Acaric.Tests 13 : 379 (N o. 1 6 H ) EcoRefe r ence No.: 88822 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : M O R,BEH; Rej e ctio n C o d e : NO END P O I NT(T ARGE T-CBL) 51 4. Nishi u chi, Y ( 1 9 7 6 ) T oxicit y of Fo rm ulat e d Pesticides to Som e Fresh Water Organism s XX XI X. T h e Aq uiculture ( S uisa n Z o s h oku) 24 : 102 -10 5 ( J PN). EcoRefe r ence No.: 7874 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ,P C P ; Ha bitat : A; E ffect C o des : M O R ; R e jection C ode : NO FOREIGN. 51 5. Nishi u chi, Y ( 1 9 7 7 ) T oxicit y of Fo rm ulat e d Pesticides to Som e Freshwa t er Orga nism s. X XXX V. The Aq uiculture ( S uisa n Z o s h oku) 25 : 105 -10 7 ( J PN). EcoRefe r ence No.: 7595 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L N aPC P ; Ha bitat : A; E ffect Codes : MOR; Rej ection Code : NO FOREI G N( AL L CHEM S ) 51 6. Nishi u chi, Y ( 1 9 7 2 ) T oxicit y of Pesticides to S o m e Water Or ga nism s. Bull.Ag ric.C h e m .I ns p. Stn ( N o y aku K e ns as h o H o kok u ) 12: 1 2 2 12 8 (JP N ) ( E NG TR A N S L ). EcoRefe r ence No.: 10258 C h em ical of C once r n: 3CE,AC,AMT L,AMTR,AND,As, ATZ,BM C,BS,Cap tan C B L, CPA,CPY,CTN, Cu ,D BN ,D CP A, DDT ,D D V P DL D, DM B,D M T,DP A, DS M A ,D U, DZ ,E DB,E DC,E N,E P TC,ES ET N, Fe,FL A C,FM L,F N T, F N TH ,HCC H, H g H PT, L NR ,M CAP,M C PB,M CPP1,M DT,M LN,M OM ,M P, M T AS,NALE D ,Ni,NTCN,OPHP Pb,PCB,PCP PC Z,PEB, PH M D ,P HSL P H TH,PM T ,P NB, PPX ,P PZ,PR N ,P SM,PYN,S FL,S ID,STREP,SZ,TB C,TF N,T H M,T P E,TP H,TPM,TRN,Z n ; Ha bitat : A; E ffect C o des : M O R ; R e jection C ode : NO CONTROL(ALL C H EM S)//NO RES I DUE. 517. Nishi u chi, Y. and Asano, K. (1981). Com p arison of Pestic ide Susceptibility of C o lored Carp with Ja pa nese C o m m on C a rp B u ll.Ag ric.C h em .I ns p. Stn.( N oyak u K e ns a s ho H o k o k u ) 21: 6 1 63 (J PN ) (EN G AB S) EcoRefe r ence No.: 15570 Chem ical of C once r n: CBL, D Z,M L N,P S M NaPCP ET N, FNT; Ha bitat : A; Effect Codes : Page 353 of 602

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M O R ; R e jectio n C ode : NO FO REIG N. 51 8. Nishi u chi, Y a n d Asa n o, K. ( 1 9 7 8 ) T oxi cit y of Fo rm ulated Ag ro chem ica l s to Fres h Water Or ga nism s LII. Su isa n Zo shoku 2 6 : 26 -30 (JPN ). EcoRefe r ence No.: 7119 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L D Z,M L N; Ha bitat : A; E ffe ct Codes : MOR; Rej ection Code : NO F O REI G N ( AL L CH EM S ) 51 9. Nishi u chi, Y a n d Has h im oto, Y. (1 9 6 7 ) Toxicity of Pesticide In gre d ients to S o m e Fresh Water Or ga nis m s. Sci.Pest C ontr o l ( B oty u K ag ak u) 32: 5 11 (J PN ) (EN G AB S) ( A ut h o r C o m m unicatio n Used ). EcoRefe r ence No.: 15192 Chem ical of C once r n: ATZ,Ca ptan,CBL,CTN, D B N D M B ,DM T ,D U, DZ, H CCH, L NR,M L N ,M P,PM T, PSM ,S Z,24D XY ,M CPB,Na PCP,PP Z,Z I RAM PR N,M P M LN,ET N D D T ,DL D ,M CP A Zn; Ha bitat : A; Effect C ode s : MOR; Rej ection C ode : NO FO REIG N(A L L CH EMS) 520. Nishi u chi, Y. and Yoshida, K. (1972). Toxi cities of Pesticides t o Som e Fresh Water Snai ls. Bull.Ag ric.C h e m .I ns p. Stn 12: 8 6 9 2 (J PN ) ( E NG AB S) (E NG TR A N SL ) (A ut ho r C o m m unicatio n Used ). EcoRefe r ence No.: 9158 C h em ical of C once r n: AM TR,A N D CBL,CTN,C uOH CuS CZE, DCF, DD T, DD VP, D EM D I N O, DM T, DO D, DZ,E N, ES,ET N F NT F olpet, HCCH M DT,M OM ,M P,N P H P AQT P CP,PEB, P H M D,P H SL ,PP N ,PR N ,PY N ,RT N ,TB C ,TCF,T DE,T FN,Zi n e b ,Zira m ,Zn; Habitat : A; Effect Codes : PH Y, GR O; Rej ectio n Code : NO F O RE IGN,CONTROL(ALL C H EM S). 52 1. No d d ega r d, E Ha nse n T ., a n d R a sm ussen, A. N. ( 1 9 7 0 ) Testing o f F u n g icides a n d Insecticides in 1969. Tidsskr.Plante a vl 74 : 61 8-6 6 1 EcoRefe r ence No.: 89085 Chem ical of C once r n: M Z B, DD VP ,CBL,D Z,Captan,M O M ,PHS L, AZ,B M Y ,CA P ; Ha bitat : T; R e jectio n C ode : N O FOR E IG N( AL L C H EM S) 52 2. Noetzel, D. ( 1 98 8 ) C ont rol o f Stri ped C u c u m b er B eetle in M u skm e lon, 1 9 8 7 Insectic.Ac a ric Tests 13: 1 0 5 10 6 (N o. 2 6 E ) Chem ical of C once r n: CBF,C BL,M XC,PM R ; Ha bitat : T; Rej ection C o de : NO DUR ATI O N( CBF,M XC,PM R -TAR GET CBL). 5 2 3 No etzel, D. (19 88) Fur a d a n f o r C o n t ro l o f Str i p e d Cu cu mb er Beetle, 1987 Insectic.Ac a ric Tests 13: 1 2 1 12 2 (N o. 5 1 E ) C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ,C B F ; Ha bitat : T; Rej ection C ode : NO DUR ATI O N( CBF,TAR GET CBL). 5 2 4 No etzel, D., Ricar d, M., and Heu s er L. (1 99 2) Gr assh opper Con t ro l in Bar l ey, 199 1. In : A.K.Burditt,Jr.(Ed.) Insectic ide and Acarici d e Tests, Vo lume 17, Entomol.Soc.of Am., Lan ham, MD 18 4-1 8 5 EcoRefe r ence No.: 79760 C h em ical of C once r n: EF V,C B F,C P Y C B L ; Ha bitat : T; E ffect C odes : POP; Rej ection C ode : OK (A LL CH E M S) ,OK TA RG ET ( E F V ). Page 354 of 602

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52 5. Noetzel, D. R i card M He us er, L ., a n d R u s t ad, D. ( 1 9 9 2 ). Grass h op pe r C ont rol i n C onse r vation R e serve Pr o g ra m Land; In secticide C o m p arisons 19 9 0 In: A.K.Burditt,Jr.(Ed.) Insectic ide and Acarici d e Tests, Vo lume 17, Entomol.Soc.of Am., Lan ham, MD 17 8. EcoRefe r ence No.: 79758 Chem ical of C once r n: CY H, M P ,EF V D M T ,CYF,CBL ,AC P ,CBF,CP Y ,B FT,M LN; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : PO P; R e je ction C ode : T A RGE T (E FV C YF,BFT ,AC P ,CBL). 526. Noetzel, D., Ri card, M., and Hol d er, B. (199 2). Control of Flea Beetle in Canola, Trial I, 1 991 In: A.K.Burditt,Jr.( Ed.) Insecticide and Acaricide Tests, Volu me 17, Ent o mol.Soc.of Am., La nha m, MD 19 1. EcoRefe r ence No.: 79290 Chem ical of C once r n: TBO CBF,EFV ,M P, CBL,ES; Habi tat : T; Effect Codes : POP; Rej ectio n Code : TAR G ET (E FV). 52 7. Noetzel, D. R i card M an d R o m a n, H. ( 1 9 8 8 ) Fu ra dan S o il Treatm e nt vs. Fu ra dan S o il Treatm e nt Plus Sevi n XLR fo r Flea B eetle C ont rol i n C a n o l a 1 9 8 7 Insectic.Acaric.Te sts 13 : 19 6 (N o. 3 1 F ) EcoRefe r ence No.: 88851 C h em ical of C once r n: C B F ,C B L ; Ha bitat : T; Effect Codes : PO P; R e je ction C ode : OK (CBF) N O M I XT UR E(TARGETCBL). 52 8. Noetzel, D. an d R o m a n, H. ( 1 9 9 2 ) C o u n ter Soil System ic Plus Foliar C o ntrol of Flea B eetle, 1 989 In: A.K.Burditt,Jr.( Ed.) Insecticide and Acaricide Tests, Volu me 17, Ent o mol.Soc.of Am., La nha m, MD 18 9. EcoRefe r ence No.: 79808 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : TBO,EFV,CBF,CBL; Hab itat : T; E ffect C odes : POP; Rej ection C ode : TAR G ET(EF V). 52 9. Noetzel, D. an d R o m a n, H. ( 1 9 9 2 ) Flea B e etle C ontr o l in C a nola, 1 9 8 9 In : A.K.Burditt,Jr.(Ed.) Insectic ide and Acarici d e Tests, Vo lume 17, Entomol.Soc.of Am., Lan ham, MD 18 9-1 9 0 EcoRefe r ence No.: 79807 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : TBO,EFV,CBF,CBL; Hab itat : T; E ffect C odes : POP; Rej ection C ode : TAR G ET(EF V). 530. Noetzel, D. and Sh eets, B. ( 1 9 92) Fo liar Insect Co n t r o l in Dr y Nav y Bean 19 91 In : A.K.Burditt,Jr.(Ed.) Insectic ide and Acarici d e Tests, Vo lume 17, Entomol.Soc.of Am., Lan ham, MD 18 5. EcoRefe r ence No.: 79806 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : CBF,C BL,MP,CP Y, D M T,CYF,M L N,M X C CY H; Ha bitat : T; E ffect C odes : POP; Rej ection Code : TAR G ET (CYF). 53 1. Noetzel, D. an d S h eets, B (1 99 2 ) F o liar I n sect C ont rol i n Lu pin, 1 9 9 1 In : A.K.Burditt,Jr.(Ed.) Insectic ide and Acarici d e Tests, Vo lume 17, Entomol.Soc.of Am., Lan ham, MD 24 1. EcoRefe r ence No.: 79805 Chem ical of C once r n: CBF,E FV,E S,C Y H CBL,DM T ; Rej ectio n Code : TAR G ET (E FV). Ha bitat : T; Effec t Codes : POP; Page 355 of 602

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532. Nollenberger, E. L. (1981). Toxica nt-Induced C h anges i n B r ain, Gill, Li ver, and Kidney of Br oo k Trou t Ex po sed to Carbar yl, Atr azin e 2 4 Dich lo ro phen o x y acetic Acid an d Par a thio n : A Cytochem ic al Study. P h D .Thesis Pe n n s y lvania St ate Univ. Universi ty Park, PA 213 p EcoRefe r ence No.: 72745 C h em ical of C once r n: AT Z,C B L,2 4 D X Y ,P R N ; H a bitat : A; E ffect C o des : PHY,CEL,BCM,BEH; Rej e ctio n C o d e : LI TE E VAL CO DED ( ATZ ) O K( ALL CHEM S) 53 3. Nollen b e r ge r, E. L. Nef f W. an d A n th ony A. ( 1 9 8 1 ) C y tochem ical Ana l y s is of B r ain Nucleic Acid C h an ges i n B r oo k Tr out (Sal velinu s f o ntina lis) Ex p o sed to C a rba r y l an d Parathi o n To xi cation In : 57t h A n nu .Meet.of the P a .Ac a d. o f Sci., Apr 5 7, 19 8 1 La nc aste r, PA, Pr oc.Pa.A c ad.Sci. 5 5 : 97 (AB S ). EcoRefe r ence No.: 65536 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; R e j ection Code : N O ABS, NO ABSTRAC T 534. Nolte, T., Ha rlem an, J. H ., a n d Ja hn, W. (1 99 5) Histop atho log y of C h emically I n du ced Testicular Atr o phy i n R a ts. E x p.T o xicol. Pat hol. 47 : 2 67286 EcoRefe r ence No.: 70475 C h em ical of C once r n: PNB,P H T H ,T CDD, D X N T O L,Cd, D DT,C r, Al,As Co,P b, H g ,M o,Ni, A g, V Y L,P A H,B N Z, HCC H,CBL, A N D C HD, DL D; H a bitat : T; R e jection C ode : N O REVI EW ,N O REFS CHECKE D. 5 3 5 Nor r i s, L. A., Lo r z H. W., an d Gr eg or y, S. V. ( 199 1) Fo rest Ch em icals. In: W.R.Meehan ( E d.) Am.Fis h. Soc .S pec. Pu bl. N o. 19 I n flue n ces of F o rest a n d R a n g ela n d Ma na ge ment o n Sal mo nid Fish es a n d T h eir H abitats C hap ter 7 Am.Fish So c., Beth esda MD 2 07296 EcoRefe r ence No.: 77470 C h em ical of C once r n: DM B,AM TL A TZ, AZ ,CBL, CBF,D DT, D M B ,GY P H CCH ,H XZ,M L N ,M XC,PCZ ,SZ, T X P, 24 DX Y; Ha bitat : AT; Rej ection C ode : N O R E VI E W 53 6. Nu nes, G S ., S k ladal, P., Ya m a naka, H. a n d B a rcel o, D. ( 1 9 9 8 ) D e term ination o f C a rb am ate R e sidues in C r op Sam p les by C holineste rase -B ased B i ose n sors an d C h ro m a togra phic Techniques. A nal.C him Acta 36 2: 59 6 8 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : ADC,CBF,MOM,C BL,PPX; Hab i tat : T; Rej ection Code : NO IN VITR O, DUR A T IO N. 537. Nwoga, J. and Bittar, E. E. (1991). An Investigation of the Sensitivity of t h e OuabainInsensitive Sodium Efflux in Single Barnacle Muscle Fi be rs to Pentac hlorophenol. Toxicol.Appl.P har macol 10 8: 3 3 0 34 1. C h em ical of C once r n: PC P,C B L; Ha bitat : A; Rej ection C ode : NO IN VI TRO. 53 8. O' B r ien, K. A. F., Sm ith, L. L ., a n d C o he n, G. M ( 1 98 5) Diffe re nces in Nap h thale n eInduced Toxici ty in the M ous e and Rat. Chem.Bi o l.Interact 55 : 1 09122 EcoRefe r ence No.: 83771 C h em ical of C once r n: N A P H ,C B L ; Ha bitat : T; E ffect C o des : BCM; Rej ection Code : NO ENDPOINT(ALL CHEM S). 539. Oaks J L. Gilbert, M ., Vira ni, M Z. Watson, R T. M e teyer, C. U ., Ri de out, B. A. Shiva p rasad, H L. Ahm e d, S Cha u dhry, M J. I., A r s h ad, M ., M a hm ood, S., Ali, A. a n d Page 356 of 602

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Kha n A. A. (2004). Diclofe n ac Residue s as th e Cau s e of Po pu latio n De cline of Vultures in Pakistan: S u p p lem e ntary Inf o rm ation. w w w n a ture.c o m /nat ure 13 p C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Rej ection Code : NO P U BL AS. 5 4 0 Off i ce of Pesticid e Pr og r a m s ( 200 0) Pesticide Ecotoxicity Da tabase (F o r m e rly : En viro nm ental Ef fects Data b a se (EE D B ) ). Environment a l Fate and Effects Division, U.S.EP A, W a s h ington, D.C EcoRefe r ence No.: 344 C h em ical of C once r n: 4A P, 24D X Y ACL, ACP, AC R,Ag,A KTM D ,ALS V, AP AC, A Q S A sAC A S CN, A TM A T N A T Z,AZ ,BBN,B D F ,BFT,BM C ,B M L ,BM N ,Br 2 B rC l,BRSM,BS,BT,CaPS,C ap tan CBF,CBL,CF E,CFE,CFRM,CLNB,CLP,CMPH ,CPC,C P Y ,CQ T C,Cr A CCTN,CTZ,C u ,C uFRA ,CuO ,CuO T, CuTE,C u S,C Y D,CY F,C Y P,C Y T, DBN DC N A D BAC, D D A C,D F T, DFZ DI IS, D KG Na, D M DM B,DM M D M P,DM T, D O D D PC, D P D P, DPP 1 ,DP P 2,DS,DSP,DU,DZ DZM,EFL,EF S,EF V,EP ,F HX ,F A M E,FM P,F O F olpet,F P N FP P FTN F V L, GT N, GY P, HCCH ,H XZ, I G S ,I O D N I PD ,I ZP, K MFD LN R, MAL,MB, M BZ, M CPP1, M CPP2 ,MD T M FD D,MFX MFZ, M G K, MLN, M LT,M O M M P ,M TC,M TL, M T M NA A, N a Br,Nale d N A P H, NFZ N PP, NTP, OT N, O X F ,O XT ,O YZ,PC P ,PC Z ,PDM ,PEB, P HM D, PM R,P M T, PNB,PPB,PPG,PPM H,P P Z,P Q T,PRB,PRT,PS M, PYN PY Z,RSM, RTN SMM, SMT, SS, S XD S Z TBC,TB D,TCMTB,T D C,TDF T D Z,T ET,T FN,T FR,TMT ,TPR,TRB,WF N,Z n P,PRO; Habitat : AT; Effect C odes : MOR,POP,PHY,GRO,REP; Rej ectio n Code : N O E F ED ( 3 44). 541. Ogi u T., Nis h im ura, M ., Watanabe F ., U k ai, H ., Is hii-O hba, H ., Shim ada, Y ., Tsuji, H. Saku r a i, J., and Hino O. (2000 ). Ab sen ce of Lin k a g e Bet w een Rad i o s en sitiv ity an d th e Predisposing Atp7b Gene Mut a tion for Herit a ble Hepatitis in the LEC Rat. R adi at.Res. 1 54: 1 13116 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Rej ection Code : NO TO X I CA NT. 5 4 2 Oo m e n P. A., Jo bsen, J. A., Ro m e ij n G., an d W i eg er s, G. L. ( 199 4) SideE ff ects o f 107 Pesticides on t h e Whitefly Para sitoid Encarsia form osa, Stud ies an d Ev aluated Accor d in g to EPPO Guideline No. 142. Bu ll. O E PP 24: 8 9 1 07 Chem ical of C once r n: SZ,CB L ,DZ ES ,HCC H,PR N,C Q TC, M TAS,M A N E B; Ha bitat : T; Rej ectio n Code : N O DUR A T IO N( AL L C H EM S) 543. Osterloh, J. Le tz, G. P o nd, S and Bec k er, C. (1 983 ). A n A sse ssm ent of the Potential Testicular Toxicity of 10 Pesticides Us ing the Mouse-Sperm Mo r p ho log y Assay. M u tat.Res. 1 1 6 : 4 07415 EcoRefe r ence No.: 74322 Chem ical of C once r n: AT Z, M LT,DP DP ,B M Y ,CBL; Ha bitat : T; Effec t Codes : REP,MOR; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V AL CODED(AT Z),OK(MLT,P C P,DP DP ),NO EN DPOIN T ( C BL, B MY ). 544. Ostlie, K. R. (1992). Ins ecticide Perform a nce Against First Generation Europe an Corn B o rerLiqui ds vs Gra nules 19 9 1 In: A.K.Burditt,Jr.( Ed.) Insecticide and Ac aricide Tests, Vol u me 17, E n tom o l.Soc.of A m L a nham M D 2 1521 6. EcoRefe r ence No.: 79800 Chem ical of C once r n: BFT, M P ,CBF,CY F F NF ,CPY ,EF V D Z,CBL, P M R ,LCYT; H a bitat : T; Effect C ode s : POP; Rej ection C ode : LIT E EVA L CO DE D(BFT CY F,E F V) ,O K ( AL L CHEMS),OK TARGET(DZ ). Page 357 of 602

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54 5. Owe n, B B Jr ( 1 96 7) Aq uat i c Insect Po p u lations R e duc ed by Aerial S p ra y i ng of I n secticide Sevin. Proc .P a.Ac a d S ci. 40: 6 3 6 9. EcoRefe r ence No.: 13587 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : POP; Rej ection Code : NO EN DPOIN T ( C BL) 546. Pantani, C., Pan nunzio, G., De Cristofaro, M ., Novelli, A. A., and Salvat ori, M. (1997). Com p arative Acute Toxicity of Som e Pestic ides, Metals, and Surfactants to Gam m a rus italicus Goe d m and Echi noga m m a rus tibaldi i Pink. a n d Stock (Crust acea: Am phipoda ). Bull.Envir o n.C ont am .T oxicol. 59 : 963 -96 7 EcoRefe r ence No.: 18621 C h em ical of C once r n: ACR,ATZ,AZ,CBF,CBL,DM T F MP,H CCH,MLT, MO M, M P C d,ADC,DDT,MXC,OML,TB C,Cu Cl,Cr PPX,Zn ,Hg ; Habitat : A; Ef fect Codes : M O R; Rej ection C o de : LITE E V AL CODE D( AT Z, M LT,CBF, A D C ,M OM ,DM T C uCl), O K ( A L L CHEM S ) 5 4 7 Par i s, D F., Lew i s, D L. Barn ett, J. T. Jr ., an d Baugh m a n G L. ( 197 5) Micr o b i al Degradation and Accum u lation of Pe sticides in Aquatic Syste m s. EPA-660/3-75-007, U.S.EPA, C o rvallis, OR 46 p EcoRefe r ence No.: 78294 Chem ical of C once r n: AT Z,P R N,D Z ,Ca p tan,CBL,M LN ,24DX Y ,T XP ,M XC; H a bitat : A; Effect C ode s : GRO; Rej ection C ode : NO EN DPOI NT(A LL CH EMS) 54 8. Par k B K a n d Lec k J. B ( 1 98 2 ) A C o m p ariso n of Vita m i n K Anta go nism by War f a r in, Dife naco um and B r o d ifac oum in the R a b b it. Bioc hem Ph ar mac o l. 31 : 3635 -36 3 9 EcoRefe r ence No.: 75575 C h em ical of C once r n: B D F WF N, DFM C B L; Ha bitat : T; Rej ection C ode : NO M I XTU R E. 54 9. Par v een A. a n d Vasa ntha, N ( 1 9 9 4 ). E v alu a tion of Pesticides a n d Im pact o f E n d o s u lfa n on Respiratory M e tabolism of Fi sh Clarias batrachus. I ndi an J.C o mp .Phy sio l 12 : 8389 EcoRefe r ence No.: 88885 C h em ical of C once r n: DEM ES,C B L ; Habi tat : A; Ef fect Codes : MOR,BCM,PHY; Rej ectio n Code : NO CO C( OX D) ,O K( ES) N O CON T ROL( DEM, CBL) 550. Patil, N. M ., Ghule, B. D. Dhum al, V. S., and Deokar, A. B. (1992). Losses in Seed Yield of Sesam u m Caused by the Ma jor Insect-Pests. J.Maha ra sh tra Ag ric.Un iv. 17 : 479 EcoRefe r ence No.: 75150 C h em ical of C once r n: ES,C B L ; Ha bitat : T; Rej ection C o de : NO M I XT URE,E N DP OI NT( E S,C B L). 551. Patrick, S. (2004). Mari ne Invertebrate C h olinesterases: Utilizat ion as Bi om arkers of Pesticide Cont a m ination Toxicology 1: 1 4 5 1 51 EcoRefe r ence No.: 88808 Chem ical of C once r n: EPR N M P,PH SL,CB L ,CBF,M L N D M T D D V P; Habitat : A; Rej ectio n Code : N O RE VIE W ( A LL CHE M S). 55 2. Pauls o n G. D., Zay l skie, R G ., Ze hr M V., Po r t no y, C. E., and Feil, V. J. ( 197 0) Metabolites of Carbaryl (1-Napht hyl Me thylcarbam a te) in C h icken Uri n e. J.Agric.Food Ch em. 1 8 : 11 0115 Page 358 of 602

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C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Rej ection Code : NO EN DP O I N T (CBL). 5 5 3 Per r y J. A. (197 9) Pesticid e an d PCB Residu es in th e Upper Sn ak e Riv e r Eco s ystem So utheaster n I d ah o, F o llowi n g the C o llaps e of the Tet o n D a m 19 76 Arch. E nvir on C ont am .T oxico l 8 : 1 39159 EcoRefe r ence No.: 67585 Chem ical of C once r n: HCC H ,D DT,PCB, DL D,CBL, A N D 2 4D; Ha bitat : AT; Effect C o des : ACC; Rej ection C o d e : NO MIXT URE,E F FECT,E NDPOINT ( ALL C H EMS). 55 4. Pesche k, G A. ( 1 9 7 9 ). Nitrat e an d Nitrite R e ductase an d H y dr oge nase i n Anacy stis nid u l ans Gr ow n i n F e a n d M o -De f icient M e dia. FE MS ( F e d .E ur. M icrobi ol.S oc. ) Microbiol.Let t. 6: 3 71374 EcoRefe r ence No.: 67587 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; R e j ection Code : N O M I XT UR E. 555. Peshney, N. L. (1990). Co m p atibility of Fungicides with Som e Insecticid es with Reference to Fungitoxicity and Phytotoxicity. PK V ( P unj a b ra o K r is hi Vi dya p eeth) Res. J. 14 : 3 5 -3 7. C h em ical of C once r n: CBL,CPY, P M R ,PPH D,M L N ES, H CCH, T B A ,M ZB,Z IRA M ,THM ,T PM A CP; Ha bitat : T; Rej ectio n Code : N O M I XT URE. 5 5 6 Pessah, I. N. an d So ko lov e P. G. (19 83) The In ter action o f Org a no pho sphate an d Carb amate Insecticides wi th Cholinesterases in t h e Te rre strial Pulm onate, Lim a x m a xim u s. Com p .Bi o che m .Physi ol.C 7 4 : 2 91297 EcoRefe r ence No.: 87846 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : AZ,M CB,MOM,CBL; Hab itat : T; Effect Codes : BEH,BCM; Rej ectio n Code : N O IN V I T R O( AZ,M OM C B L ),O K (M C B ). 557. Peter, J., Ali, A. S., and Ali, S. A. ( 199 6) Ef f ect o f Cer t ain Ph eno lic Co mp oun d s on th e Isolated Scale M e lano ph ore s of the Fish, Channa punctatus Pi gment Cell Res. 68 ( N o 18 8) C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ,P L; Ha bitat : A; Rej ection C o de : NO ABSTR A CT( CBL,PL). 55 8. Peterso n R H. ( 1 9 7 6 ). Tem p erature Selectio n of Juvenile Atlantic Salm on (Salm o salar) as In flue nced by Vari ous T oxic Su bstances J Fish.Res .B oar d C a n 33: 1 7 2 2 1 73 0. EcoRefe r ence No.: 5160 Chem ical of C once r n: ZN ,A Z,CBL,CP Y H CCH,H PT, N a P CP,F NT,M L N N aled,C uS; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR,BEH; R e j ection Cod e : NO ENDPOINT( C u S ,NaPCP,AZ,CBL) 559. Phipps, G L ., Har d e n M J. Leonar d, E. N. Rous h, T. H. Spe h ar D. L ., Stepha n, C. E Pickeri n g, Q. H., and B u ike m a, A. L. J (1984). E ffect s of Pollution on Fres hwate r Or ga nism s. J.Water Pollut.C ontrol Fed. 56 : 72 5-7 5 8 EcoRefe r ence No.: 53156 C h em ical of C once r n: ED T,AN D, A l ,N H, PA H, Sb ,As, A T Z, Ba, B NZ, B ZD, B e, Cd,CBL, C TC, C HD C l, Cl2 CPY,Cr C o ,Cu,C N DDT D Z,CBZ,C PH D LD ,ES E N ,F A, HPT, HCCH H CCP,Fe IS O, Pb,M n, Hg,M o, NA P H,Ni,NBZ ,NP,PCB,PRN,PNB, PCP,PL ,Se, Ag,SZ, TCD D T OL, T X P V ,Z n; Habitat : A; Rej ectio n Code : NO REVI EW,NO REFS CHECKED. Page 359 of 602

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560. Picollo, M I., Va ssena, C V., Mougabure C u eto, G. A., Vernetti, M., and Zerba, E. N. (2000). Resista n ce to Insecticides a n d E ffect of Sy ne rgists o n Pe rm ethrin Toxicity in Pedicul u s capitis (Anopl ura: Pe diculidae) from Buenos Ai res. J.Med.Entomol. 37 : 721 -7 25 EcoRefe r ence No.: 59603 C h em ical of C once r n: PM R C B L ,DM ; Ha bitat : T; Effec t Codes : POP; Rej ection C o de : NO CONTROL(ALL C H EM S). 561. Pitts, J. ( 1992). Control of Shrim p Infestation on Oyster Beds. 43rd Annu.Meet.o f the Pacific Coast Oyster Growers Assoc.an d the N a tl.Shellfish.As soc., Sept.17-19, 199 2, J.Shellfish Res. 1 1 : 55 5. C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; Rej ection Code : ABSTRAC T N O TO X DAT A ( CBL). 562. Pitts, J. L. (1993). An In tegrated Pest Manage m e nt Plan fo r the Control of Burrowing Shri m p Po pulatio ns o n Oy ster B e ds i n S o uth w ester n Was h in gto n State. J.Shellfish Res. 1 2 : 14 7. C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; Rej ection Code : NO ABSTRACT( CBL) 56 3. Plaut, H. N. an d M a nso u r F A. (1 9 8 1 ) Ef fe cts of P hot osta ble Py ret h r o ids o n S p ide r M ites (Tetra nychidae ). Phyt op ar asi tica 9: 21 8 ( A B S ). Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : PMR,CYP,AZ,CBL,PYT; Hab itat : T; Rej ection C ode : NO ABSTRAC T 5 6 4 Poh l a-Gubo V. G. an d Ad am H. (1 982 ). In fluence o f t h e A n io nac tive Det e rgent Na-AlkylBen zen esu l phon ate ( L AS) on th e Head Ep ider m i s o f Juv e nile Rain b o w Tro u t ( S alm o gair dne ri R i ch ards o n ) Z o ol. A nz. 209 : 9711 0 (GER) ( E NG ABS). EcoRefe r ence No.: 11611 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; R e j ection Code : NO FOREIGN( CBL) 5 6 5 Po l, E. W V. D ( 196 8) No te on th e Determination of Carbaryl R e sidue s in He n S k in J.Ass o c.Off.Anal.Che m. 51 : 90 1. EcoRefe r ence No.: 38365 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : ACC; Rej ectio n Co d e : NO END P O I NT, N O CO NTR O L, NO D U RA TI ON (CBL). 56 6. Pold os ki, J E (1 9 7 7 ) M o lec u lar Spectral Interference in the Determ in ati o n of Ar sen i c b y Fu rn ace A t o m i c Ab sorp tio n. At.Abs or ption N e w s l. 16 : 70 -7 3. EcoRefe r ence No.: 67606 C h em ical of C once r n: As ,C B L ; Ha bitat : A; Rej ection C o de : NO SP ECIES. 56 7. Po ol, R A F. ( 1 9 7 7 ) A R a pi d B i oas s ay f o r Pesticide P h y t oto x icity J.A g ric.Food 25 : 12 16 1 218 EcoRefe r ence No.: 43504 Chem ical of C once r n: SZ,B M C ,CBL,DU Captan,M L N T FN, G YP, D C P A,BM Y,M A NEB; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : B C M; Rej ection Code : N O EN DPOI NT(A LL CH EMS) 56 8. Po ortin ga, A M an d De K o k, L. J (2 0 0 0 ) Sul f ate an d Th iol Levels i n R oots an d Sh o o t o f Sulf ur -D ep rive d S p inac h Plan ts as A ffecte d by Hi gh Pe do s phe ric S u lfate Levels. Ph y t on 40: 95 1 0 2 Page 360 of 602

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C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Rej ection Code : NO TO X D A T A 569. Potter, D. A. (1993). Pesticide and Fer tilizer Effects on Benefi cial Invertebrates and C onse q uence s fo r T h atch De g r adatio n a n d P e st O u tbrea k s in T u r f g rass In: K.D.R a cke and A.R.Le slie ( E d s .) AC S Sy m p S er.N o. 52 2, Pe sticides in Urban En vironments: Fate and Significance, 203rd N a tl.Meet .of the Am.Che m.Soc., Apr.5-10, 1992 San Francisco, CA 3 31 34 3. EcoRefe r ence No.: 77472 C h em ical of C once r n: DMB,24DXY,PCZ,DZ,FRM,TD F,C P Y,PDM,CTN,BMY,CBL,BDC,EP; Hab itat : T; Rej ectio n Code : N O RE VIE W 5 7 0 Power F. M. (1 983 ). Lo ngTer m Ef f ects of Oil Disp er san t s on I n ter tid al Ben t h i c In verte b rates I. Su rvi v al of B a rnacles a n d B i valves Oil Petrochem.Pollut 1: 9 7 1 08 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; Rej ection Code : NO CO NC. 571. Pree, D. J., Whitty, K. J., Van Driel, L., and Walker, G. M. (1998). Resistan ce to Insecticides in Oriental Fruit Moth Popula tions (Grapholita m o lesta) fr om the Niagara Peninsula of Onta rio. Can.Entomol. 1 3 0 : 2 45256 EcoRefe r ence No.: 63915 C h em ical of C once r n: MO M, PFF, CBF, A Z PSM E PRN MLN, N a led FN T, CPY, ACP, MTM, MDT, CBL, C YP; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : POP,M O R,GRO; Rej ection C ode : NO CONTR O L ( M O M CBF,C YP ). 57 2. Presc o tt, L. M K u bo vec, M K., an d Tr ygg estad D. (1 977 ). Th e Ef f ects of Pesticid es, Poly chlo rinate d B i p h e n y l s an d M e tals o n t h e G r o w th an d R e pr od uctio n of Aca n tham oeba castellanii. Bu ll.Enviro n.C o n t am. T oxic ol. 18 : 2934 EcoRefe r ence No.: 7625 Chem ical of C once r n: SZ, A T Z ,CBL,L NR,D LD, A N D H g,P b ,PCB,C u S, Zn; Ha bitat : A; Effect C ode s : POP; Rej ection C ode : LIT E EVA L CO DE D( ATZ SZ,C uS), OK ( A LL CHEMS). 57 3. Pro c tor N. H. M o scio ni, A. D., an d C a si da, J. E (1 9 7 6 ) C h icke n Em bry o Na d Le vels Lo were d by Te rato genic Or ga no p hos p h o r u s and M e thy l car bam a te Insecticidesag Bioche m.P h ar mac o l. 25 : 757762 EcoRefe r ence No.: 84915 Chem ical of C once r n: DZ ,C BL,CBF,A DC; Ha bitat : T; Effect C ode s : GRO; Rej ection C ode : N O E N DP OI NT( D Z ) 57 4. Pro c tor N. H. M o scio ni, A. D., an d C a si da, J. E (1 9 7 6 ) C h icke n Em bry o Na d Le vels Lo were d by Te rato genic Or ga no p hos p h o r u s and M e thy l car bam a te Insecticides. Bioche m.P h ar mac o l. 25 : 757762 EcoRefe r ence No.: 84915 C h em ical of C once r n: PP H D D C T P,C B L ,P RN,MP,PSM,DZ,CBL,CBF, ADC,M TM ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : GR O; R e je ction C ode : NO EN DPOIN T ( A LL CHEMS) 57 5. Prze dziecki, Z. B a n k o ws ka, J ., Kom o r o ws ka -Malews k a, W., and Janic k a, T. (1968). Studies o n th e Shor tPer i od To x i city o f Carb ar yl [ B ad an ie Tok s yczn osci Kr o t k ook r e sowej Page 361 of 602

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Kar b arylu] R o cz.P anstw.Zakl.Hig. 19 : 6 75684 (POL) ( E NG ABS) EcoRefe r ence No.: 87661 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; R e j ection Code : NO FOREIGN( CBL) 57 6. Pullen, J. S. H an d R a in b o w P. S ( 1 99 1 ) T h e C o m position of Py r o p h o sp hate Hea v y M e tal Detoxification Gra n ules in Ba rnacles. J.Exp.Mar.Biol.Ec o l. 1 50: 2 4 9 26 6. C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; Rej ection Code : NO TO X I CA NT. 5 7 7 Rain bo w, P. S. (1 987 ) Heavy Metals in Barnacles. I n : A.J S out hw ar d ( E d.) C r ustace a n Issue s 5.B a r n acle Biol ogy R o tterd am N e th erlan d s 40 5-4 1 7 EcoRefe r ence No.: 57361 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; R e j ection Code : NO REVIEW. 57 8. R a inb o w P S an d Wan g W. X. ( 2 0 0 1 ) C o m p arative Assi m ilation of C d C r Se, a n d Z n by the B a r n acle E l m i nius m odestus fr om Phy t o p lan k to n a n d Z o o p lan k to n Di ets. Mar. Ecol.P ro g Ser 21 8: 23 924 8. EcoRefe r ence No.: 78524 C h em ical of C once r n: C r ,Z n, C d ,Se C B L ; H a bitat : A; E f f ect Codes : AC C,PH Y; Reject ion C ode : N O E N DP OI NT,C ON TROL( A LL C H EM S) 5 7 9 Raj e nd r a n N. an d Venu gop alan V. K. ( 1983 ). Ef f ect o f Pesticid es on Ph y t o p l ank t on Pr odu ction Ma ha sa ga r Bu ll.Na tl.I n st.Ocean og r. 16 : 19 3-1 9 7 EcoRefe r ence No.: 67306 C h em ical of C once r n: D D T, H CCH,ES,MP,MLN,CBL; Rej ectio n Code : N O E N DP OI NT( A L L C H EM S) Hab itat : A; E ffect C odes : P HY; 5 8 0 Raj y alak sh m i A. and Red d y T. G. K. (1 991) Ef f ect of Carb ar yl an d Lindan e o n th e Activ ity Levels of Som e Selected E n z y m e s in the M a ternal a n d Em bry onic Tiss ue s o f the Vi vipa ro us Sco r pi on Heterom e trus f u lvi p es (K oc h) C o m p P hysi ol.S ci. 16 : 166 -16 9 EcoRefe r ence No.: 88806 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : CBL,HCCH; Hab itat : T; Effect Codes : BCM; Rej ection Code : NO ENDPOINT( C BL,HCCH) 581. Ram achandra n S. Ra jendra n, N ., Na nda kum ar, R ., a n d V e nu g opala n, V. K. ( 1 9 8 4 ) E f f ect of Pesticid es on Ph o t o s yn th esis an d Resp ir atio n o f Mar i n e Macr oph ytes. Aquat.Bot. 1 9 : 39 5 39 9. EcoRefe r ence No.: 10569 C h em ical of C once r n: DM T ES,M P, D D T,C B L,HC C H ; Rej ectio n Code : N O E N DP OI NT( A L L C H EM S) H a bitat : A; E f f ect Codes : PHY; 582. Ram a krishnan, M ., Ar unachal am S., a n d Pa lan i ch am y, S. (1 997 ). Sublethal Effects of Pesticides on Feeding Energet i cs in th e Air B r eathing Fish Channa st riatus. J.Ecot oxicol.E nviro n .M o n it. 7: 1 6 9 1 75 EcoRefe r ence No.: 60086 C h em ical of C once r n: ES,M LN,C B L ; Ha b itat : A; Ef fect Codes : BE H, GRO; Re jection C ode : N O E N DP OI NT(CBL ,M LN, E S) 583. Ram a krishnan, M ., Ar unachal am S., a n d Pa lan i ch am y, S. (1 997 ). Sublethal Effects of Page 362 of 602

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Pesticides on Physiological E n ergetics of Freshwater Fis h Ore o c h rom i s m o ssa m b icus. J.Ecot oxicol.E nviro n .M o n it. 7: 2 3 7 2 42 EcoRefe r ence No.: 88971 C h em ical of C once r n: ES,M LN,C B L ; Ha b itat : A; Ef fect Codes : BEH,PHY; Rej ection C ode : N O E N DP OI NT( E S, M L N,CBL) 58 4. R a o, G. S. an d Kan n upa n d i, T (1 9 9 0 ) Ac ute To xicity of T h ree Pes ticides and T h eir Effe ct on the B e ha vio u r o f the E d ibl e C r ab Scy lla s e rrata (F ors k al ). Maha saga r 23: 1 5 9 16 2. EcoRefe r ence No.: 7249 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L H PT, P H S L; H a bitat : A; E f f ect Codes : BEH,MOR; Rej e ctio n C ode : NO C O NTROL(ALL CHEMS). 585. Rao, H. R. G. and Anders, M W. (197 3). Inhibition of Micros om al Drug Metabolism by Anticholinesterase Insecticides. Bu ll. En v i ro n. Co n t am.Toxico l 9 : 49. EcoRefe r ence No.: 89072 C h em ical of C once r n: M L O M L N,C B L P R N ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : BCM,PHY; Rej ectio n Code : N O E N DP OI NT( A L L C H EM S) ,N O C ONTR O L, I N VITR O(M L O, CBL,PRN ),M I XTUR E(M L N ) 58 6. R a o, K. R S S ( 1 98 7) C o m b ined To xicity o f C a r b ary l a n d Phe n th oate o n In dian S n ake h ead, C h an na p uncta tus. I n : K S R a o an d S. S h riva stava ( E ds.) P e rspectives of Hydr o b iol ogy S y mp ., Ujja in I n d i a Feb 8-1 0 198 6 119 -12 2 ( P u b l As 112 17 ). C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; Rej ection Code : NO P U BL AS. 58 7. R a o, K. R S S an d R a o, J. C ( 1 9 8 7 ). I n depe nde nt a n d C o m b ine d Action o f C a r b ary l a n d Phe n thoate on Sna k e Head, C h an na p unctat u s (B loc h ) Cu rr S c i 56: 3 3 1 33 2. EcoRefe r ence No.: 14039 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : G R O,B E H; R e je ction C ode : NO EN DPOIN T 58 8. R a o, K. R S S an d R a o, K V. R ( 1 98 8 ) S y ner g istic Action o f C a rba r y l and P h ent hoate o n the Respi r atory Metabolism of Cha nna punctatus (Bl o ch). Fase b J. 2 : 179 9 (ABS No 87 30) EcoRefe r ence No.: 17071 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; R e j ection Code : NO ABSTRACT. 58 9. R a o, K. S. P., B a sha, S. M ., a n d R a o K. V R. (1 984 ). D i f f er en tial Action of Malathion, Carba r yl and B H C on Acetyl-Cholineste rase Activity of a Teleost, Tilapia m o ssa m b ica (Peters ) J.E n v i ron.Biol. 5: 24 12 4 7 EcoRefe r ence No.: 10519 C h em ical of C once r n: HC C H ,C B L ,M LN; Habitat : A; Rej ection Code : NO D U RA TI ON 59 0. R a o, M B (1 9 8 1 ) Ef fect o f g a m m a-Hexachl o ra n a n d Se vin o n the S u r v iva l of the B l ac k Sea Mussel, Mytilus galloprovinci alis La m Hy d r obi olo g ia 78 : 3 3 -3 7 (Used 60 44 As Ref ) EcoRefe r ence No.: 6369 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR; Rej ection C ode : NO EN DPOIN T ( C BL) 59 1. R a o, P. S., R o b e rts, G. H. P o pe, C N., an d Fer gus o n P. W. ( 1 9 9 4 ). C o m p arative In hi bition Page 363 of 602

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of R o dent a n d Hum a n Ery t h r ocy t e Acety l ch olinesterase by C a rb o f u r an an d C a r b a r y l Pestic.Biochem.Physiol. 48 : 7 9 -8 4. C h em ical of C once r n: C B F ,C B L ; Ha bitat : T; Rej ection C ode : NO IN VITR O, DUR A T IO N, H U M A N HEA L T H 5 9 2 Rawlin s, S. C an d Man s in gh A. (1 978 ). Pat t erns of Resistance to Va rious Aca r icides i n Som e Jam a ican P o pulatio ns of B o op hilus m i croplus J E c on .E nto m ol. 71 : 956 -96 0 EcoRefe r ence No.: 72313 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : CBL,C PY,DZ,HCCH,DDT; Hab itat : T; E ffect Codes : M O R; Rej ectio n Code : TAR G ET (DZ). 5 9 3 Red d y G. P. V. and M u r t h y M. M. K. ( 1989 ). In tegr ated Pest Man a g e men t in Rice. Pesticides 2 3 : 32 F32 I. C h em ical of C once r n: SZ,A N D ,C HL, CBL,CPY, D Z EN, H PT ,A TZ, M O M A D C,C B F,DM T, DM B,AT N; Habit a t : T; Rej ectio n Code : NO TOX DA TA. 59 4. R e ddy M S a n d R a o K. V. R ( 1 9 9 2 ) T o xicity of Selected Ins ecticides to the Penaeid Praw n, M e tape naeu s m onoce r os (Fa b ricius ). Bull.E n viro n. C ont am .T oxico l 48 : 622 -62 9 EcoRefe r ence No.: 14969 C h em ical of C once r n: CBL,DM T H C C H,M L N M P DDT ,PR N D L D D D V P SM T A N D PP H, O XD; Ha bitat : A; Effect C ode s : MOR; Rej ection C ode : NO CO N T RO L( ALL CH EMS) 595. Redm ond, C. a n d P o tter, D. A (1988). Ef ficacy of Insecticides for C ont rol of S out hern Mask ed Ch af er Grub s in Ken t u c k y 198 7. Insectic.Acaric.Tests 13 : 338 ( N o 19 G) EcoRefe r ence No.: 88826 Chem ical of C once r n: DZ ,C BL,FPP; Ha bi tat : T; Effect Codes : MOR; Rej ection Code : NO EN DPOIN T (DZ, CBL, F PP). 59 6. R e nnec k er J L., M a rinas, B J., O w en s, J H., an d R i ce, E W. (1 9 9 9 ) I n activation of C r y p tos p oridi u m parvum Ooc y sts with Ozo n e Wa t e r R e s. 3 3 : 24 81248 8. C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; Rej ection Code : NO D U RA TI ON 59 7. R e nnis o n B D. a n d Hadle r M R ( 1 9 7 5 ) Field Trials of Dife nacoum Against Warfari n R e sistant In fes t ations of R a tt us no r v egic us. J.Hy g. 74 : 4 49455 EcoRefe r ence No.: 86459 C h em ical of C once r n: WFN DFM C B L ; H a bitat : T; Effe ct Codes : MOR; Rej ection Code : NO CO NTRO L,EN DP OI NT (DFM ). 598. Rettich, F. (1980). Residual Toxicity of Wall-Sprayed Organophos phates, Carbam ates and Pyrethroids to Mosquito C u lex pipien s m o lestus F o r s kal. J.Hyg.Epidemi o l.Mi crobiol.Immunol. 24 : 11 0-1 1 7 EcoRefe r ence No.: 70015 Chem ical of C once r n: RSM SZ,CP Y ,CBL, P M R ,DM T ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : M O R; Rej ectio n Code : N O E N DP OI NT,C ON TROL( A LL CHE M S),T ARGE T ( CBL). 599. Rettich, F. (197 7). The Susc eptibility of M o squit o Larvae to Ei ghteen Insecticides in Page 364 of 602

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C zechosl ova ki a. Mo sq N e w s 37: 2 5 2 25 7. EcoRefe r ence No.: 2914 C h em ical of C once r n: DLD TCF M X C,HCCH,M L N ,CBL, D Z,C P Y, DDT ,F NT H, DD VP ,PP X ,F NT,TM P ; Habitat : A; E ffect C o des : M O R ; R e jection C ode : NO CONTROL(ALL C H EM S). 60 0. R i chm ond, M L., He nny C J ., Fl oy d, R L ., M a nna n, R W. Finc h, D M and De Weese L. R. (1979). Effects of Sevin-4-Oil, Dim ilin, an d Orthene on Forest Bi rds in Nort heastern Ore g on. Res.Pa p e r No.PS W -1 48 Pa cific Fo rest a n d Range Exp e ri men t Sta tio n U.S.D.I., Washington, D.C. 19 EcoRefe r ence No.: 53614 C h em ical of C once r n: AC P C B L; Ha bitat : T; Effect Codes : MOR,BE H,PHY,POP; Rej ectio n Code : N O E N DP OI NT( A CP ). 601. Roberts, B. L. and Do rough, H. W. (1984). Relative Toxicities of C h em ic als to the Earthworm Eisenia foetida. E n viron.Toxic o l.Chem. 3: 6 7 7 8. EcoRefe r ence No.: 40531 C h em ical of C once r n: DU ,F NV ,ES, F N F, FM L, NCT N ,CBD ,M LN P RN ,Ca p tan,T P M,PPB,DCT P,ACP BMY,MBZ,P AQT ,BNZ ,CH 3 I TF N, NaN 03,AZ ,24D X Y N P,Cd, P b,CuS, DDT ,P AH ,I D M ,DM M CY P, PM R, CBF,A DC,M O M ,CBL,PP X ,C PY, N HN ,CTC; Ha bitat : T; Effect C ode s : MOR; Rej ection C ode : LIT E E VAL CO DE D( ADC,CBL ,NC T N,CBF ,M O M ,PPB,CuS,C YP) O K ( AL L CHEMS). 60 2. R obe rts, D. ( 1 97 5 ) T h e Ef fe ct of Pesticides o n B y ssu s F o r m ation in t h e C o m m on M u ss el, Mytilus edulis. Environ.Pollut. 8 : 2 41254 EcoRefe r ence No.: 6291 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ,E S,ET HN; Ha b itat : A; Ef fect Codes : M O R,PHY; Rej ection C ode : N O E N DP OI NT( A LL CHEM S ) 60 3. R o cchi, P. Pe r o cco P ., Albe r ghi ni, W., Fini, A. a n d Pr o d i, G. (1 9 8 0 ) Ef fe ct of Pesticides o n Sche dule d a n d Unsc he d u led DN A Sy nthesi s o f R a t T h y m ocy t es an d H u m a n Ly m phoc y t es. Arch. T oxic ol. 45: 1 0 1 10 8. C h em ical of C once r n: TRL, H C CH ,DLD ,D DT,A ND, Fo lp et, P Q T ,DQ T Br ,CBL,M a n eb,T HM ,ZI N EB,ZIR AM ,Ca p tan ; Habitat : T; Rej ection Code : NO I N VI TRO 604. Rohr, J R. Els kus A. A. S h e phe r d B. S. C r owley, P H., M c Carthy, T. M ., Nie d z w iecki, J H., Sa ger T. Sih, A. a n d Pa lm er, B. D (200 3). Lethal a nd Sublethal E ffe cts of At razine, Car b ar yl, Endosu l f a n and Octylp h e no l o n the Str eam sid e Sala m a n d e r ( A m b ysto m a b a r b our i) E n viron.Toxi col.Che m 22 : 2 385 -23 9 2 EcoRefe r ence No.: 71723 C h em ical of C once r n: AT Z,C B L,ES; Ha bitat : A; E ffect C ode s : BE H,M O R,GR O; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V AL CODED(AT Z),OK(ALL C H EMS). 60 5. R o m a nko w-Z m udows k a, A (1 9 8 3 ) Ef fectivene ss of Dife naco um and B r odi faco um Ag ainst C o m m on Vole [M icr o tus a r v a lis] M ouse [ M us m u sculus V. Alba] a n d R a bbit [O ry ctola gus cuniculus] in t h e Laboratory Tests. P r ace N auk ow e Insty Oc hro n y Ro slin 83 9 0 EcoRefe r ence No.: 86458 Page 365 of 602

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C h em ical of C once r n: D F M B D F,C B L ; Ha bitat : T; Effec t Codes : MO R, G R O, BEH, PHY ; Rej ectio n Code : NO CONTROL(ALL CHEMS) 6 0 6 Ro sch, R. and Liese, W. ( 1970 ). Ring sch a len t est Mit Ho lzzer stor end e n Pilzen : I Pru e fun g Vo n Su bstrate n F u e r den Nac h weis V o n P h e nol oxi dase n. Arch.Mikrobiol. 73 : 281 -29 2 EcoRefe r ence No.: 30419 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : AT; Rej ection Code : N O E N GLI S H( ALL CH E M S). 60 7. R o y e r, T. A. E d elso n, J. V. a n d C a rtw r ig ht, B ( 1 9 8 7 ) Wo r m C ontrol o n C a bba ge, 1 9 8 5 Insectic.Ac a ric Tests 1 2 : 10 3 ( N o 10 9) EcoRefe r ence No.: 88726 C h em ical of C once r n: EFV CY F, PM R, MTM, CPY MO M, ES, CBL, M LN,DZ,M P ,AZ,F V L MV P,D M T, MX C, OX D, Naled; Habitat : T; E ffect C o des : POP; R e jection C ode : OK TAR G ET (ALL C H EMS ) 60 8. R ubi nig g M Posth u m u s, F Fersc h ke, M ., Elzenga J. T. M ., a n d Stule n I. ( 2 003) E ffe cts of NaCl Salinit y on 15N-Nitrat e Fluxe s a n d S p ecific R o ot L e ngt h in the Ha lop h y t e Planta go ma r iti ma L Pl ant S o il 2 50: 2 0 1 21 3. C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Rej ection Code : NO TO X I CA NT. 6 0 9 Ru pp el, R. F. an d Yun Y. M. ( 196 5) Ground -App lied In secticid es Ag ain s t th e Cer eal Leaf Beetle. J.Ec on .Ent om ol. 58 : 4 1 -4 6. EcoRefe r ence No.: 71476 Chem ical of C once r n: CBL, D LD ,E N, HCCH, DDT ,A N D P RN,T XP ,DZ; Ha bitat : T; Effect C odes : POP,MOR; Rej ection C ode : TAR G ET (DZ ) 61 0. Sahai, Y. N a n d Gu pta, R ( 1 99 2 ) R e si due Analy s is of S o m e Pesticides in the B r ain o f a Teleost Fish Heteropneustes fossilis (Bloch). J.Tiss ue Res. 2 : 3541 EcoRefe r ence No.: 13285 C h em ical of C once r n: HC C H ,M LN, E S,C B L ; Ha bitat : A; Effect C ode s : ACC; Rej ection C ode : N O E N DP OI NT( A LL CHEM S ) 611. Sahu, J ., Das M K. a n d A d hika ry, S P ( 1 99 2 ) R eactio n of B l ueG ree n Algae of Rice-Field Soils to Pesticide Application. Tr op.A gric. 69: 3 6 2 36 4 EcoRefe r ence No.: 14725 Chem ical of C once r n: CBF,C BL,DM T E S; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : POP; Rej ection C ode : N O E N DP OI NT( A LL CHEM S ) 61 2. Salgare S A. ( 1 9 8 8 ) Alterati on o f R e stin g Perio d of P o llen of Su ccessiv e Flo w ers o f Apocynaceae by Herbicides (Acrol ein, Sim a zine, Nitrofen). Ad v P l an t S c i. 1: 8 2 8 6. EcoRefe r ence No.: 72298 C h em ical of C once r n: SZ, A C L ,C B L ; Ha bit a t : T; Effect Codes : REP; Rej ection Code : NO END P O I NT(T ARGE T-S Z ,T ARGE TACL, CBL). 61 3. Salgare S A. ( 1 9 9 1 ) I n hibito ry Ef fect of He rbicides (Acrol ein, Sim azine, Nitrofen) on Pollen Ge rm in ation of Succes sive Fl owe r s of Apocynaceae Bi oved. 1: 1 8 9 1 94 EcoRefe r ence No.: 72330 C h em ical of C once r n: SZ, A C L ,C B L ; Ha bit a t : T; Effect Codes : REP; Rej ection Code : NO Page 366 of 602

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END P O I NT(T ARGE T-S Z ,T ARGE TACL, CBL). 61 4. Salgare S A. ( 1 9 8 8 ) Stim ulatory E ffect of Som e Her b icid es o n P o llen T ube G r owt h of Successi ve Fl owers of Apocy n aceae. A d v.P l ant Sci. 1 : 2 55261 C h em ical of C once r n: 2 4 D 2 4DC C B L ; Ha bitat : T; R e jec tion C ode : N O TO X DA TA 61 5. Salun k h e, G. N. (1 9 8 5 ) Pr ot ection of S o r g hum Seeds f r o m Infestation o f R i ce We evil. J.Maha ra sh tra Ag ric.Un iv. 10 : 223 p C h em ical of C once r n: D D T, C B L ,M LN,C a p tan; Ha bitat : T; Rej ection C ode : NO ENDPOINT(DDT,Ca p tan,TARGET-CBL ,MLN). 6 1 6 Sam p ath K., Elan go P., and Ro selin e, V. (19 95) Ef f ect of Car b ar yl on the Lev e ls of Pr otein and Am inoacid s o f C o m m on Fro g R a na tig ri na. J.E n viron.Biol. 1 6 : 61 -6 5. EcoRefe r ence No.: 40117 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : M O R,BCM; Rejectio n C o d e : NO CONTR O L( CBL) 61 7. Sam s oe-Peters e n, L. (1 9 9 5 ) Effects o f 67 Herbicides and Plant Gr owth Reg u l ator s on the Rove Beetle Aleochara bilineata (Col.: Staphylinidae) in t h e Laborat o ry. En tomo pha ga 40: 95 1 0 4 EcoRefe r ence No.: 63490 C h em ical of C once r n: SZ,A TZ, D U ,H FP,M C PP 1, PY D,F X P BT,M T L ,PDM ,CBL, M TSM AM TL ,CQTC, DPP 1 ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : M O R,REP,GR O; Rej ection C o de : LITE E V AL CODE D(M T L, SZ,A TZ,C Q T C ),N O M I XT URE(M C PP 1, DPP 1 ) T A RG ET(CBL) 61 8. Sanc hez-B a y o F. (2 0 0 6 ) C o m p arative Acu t e To xicity of Or ga nic P o llutants a n d R e fer e nce Values for Crustaceans. I. Bra n ch i o poda, C o pepoda a n d Os tracoda. Environ.Pollut. 13 9: 3 8 5 42 0. EcoRefe r ence No.: 88444 Chem ical of C once r n: CBL, M TPN, PSM ,P RN,M LN ,D Z; Ha bitat : A; R e j ection Code : NO REVI EW( C B L ,MTPN,PSM ,PRN, MLN,DZ) 619. Sanders, H. O. and Cope, O. B. (1966). To xicities of Several Pesticides to Two Species of Cladocera n s Tran s.Am.Fish.So c. 9 5 : 1 6 5 1 69 ( A ut h o r C o m m unication Used ) (P ubl in Part As 6 797 ). EcoRefe r ence No.: 888 C h em ical of C once r n: 2 4 DX Y, CBL,D BN ,DU D Z ,H CCH M LN ,N aled C Y T ,PY N T FN R TN ,A s; H a b itat : A; Effect C ode s : PHY; Rej ection C ode : NO CO N T RO L( ALL CH EMS) 6 2 0 Sand er s, H O ., Fin l ey, M. T. an d Hun n J B ( 1 98 3) Acute To xicity of Si x F o r e st Insecticides to Three Aquatic In verte b rates a n d F o u r Fis h es Tech .Pap .N o.11 0, U.S Fish Wildl.Serv., W a shi n gton, D.C 1-5 (Au t ho r Co mm u n i catio n Used) ( P u b l in Par t As 6 797) EcoRefe r ence No.: 15574 Chem ical of C once r n: M O M CBL,TCF,F N T ,ACP; Ha bitat : A; E ffect Codes : MOR; Rej ectio n Code : NO PU BL A S ( M O M ), NO CO NTRO L( ALL CH EM S) 62 1. San gha G. K. (1 9 7 1 ) En vir o nm ental Effect s of Carbam ate Insecticides as Assaye d in the Page 367 of 602

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"M odel Ec osy s tem A C o mparison with DDT. Diss .A bst r .I nt.B Sci.E n g 3 2 : 4 65 0B ( 1 9 72) / Ph .D.Th e sis, Un iv.o f I llin o i s at Urban aC h ampa ign IL 1 53 p Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : DDT,PPX,CBL,CBF,ADC; Hab itat : A; Rej ection Code : NO ABSTRAC T 622. Satoh, M Kar a ki, E ., Ka keha shi, M Okaza ki, E ., G o toh, T., a n d Oyam a, Y ( 1 999). He avyMetal Induce d Changes i n Nonproteinaceous Th i o l Levels a n d Hea v y-Met a l Binding Peptide in Tetraselm i s tetrathele (Pras i nophyceae ). J. P h y c o l 35 : 989 -99 4 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Rej ection Code : NO I N VITR O 6 2 3 Sato h, T. ( 1991 ). Release o f Liv e r Micro s omal BetaG lu cu ron i d a se f r o m Hep a to cytes In Vitro an d In Vi vo by Or ga n o p hos p h ates a n d Hepat o to xic A g ents J Toxicol.Sci. 16 : 1 33-1 4 2 EcoRefe r ence No.: 80752 C h em ical of C once r n: PTR F N T,C B L ; Ha b itat : T; Effect Codes : BCM; Rej ection Code : NO ENDP OINT(ALL C H EM S). 62 4. Sawy er T. W., Weiss, M T ., and Dic k ins o n, T. (1 9 9 6 ) Ef f ect of M e taboli s m on the Anticholinesterase Activity of C a r b am ate and Or ga no p hos p h at e Insecticides in Neuron Culture. In Vitro Toxicol. 9 : 3 43352 C h em ical of C once r n: ADC,TBC,CBL,MOM,ABT,PRN,A CP, P RT,PP H D F N F, DZ,E TN ,F NT H,TCF A Z ,P H S L,M L N,M P N ale d ,D M T ,DS CPY; Habitat : T; Rej ection Code : NO I N VITR O 62 5. Saxe na, P. K. a n d A g gar w al, S. ( 1 97 0 ) To xi city of S o m e Insecticides t o t h e In dian C a tFish, Heteropneustes fo ssilis (Bloch). A n at.A nz.B d. 1 27: 5 0 2 50 3. EcoRefe r ence No.: 9686 C h em ical of C once r n: EN ,C B L ; Ha bitat : A; E ffect C o des : MOR,PHY,BEH; Rej ection C ode : NO C O NTROL(ALL CHEMS). 62 6. Say ce, C S. (1 97 0 ) T h e U p take of Se vin by Pacific Oy sters an d B o ttom Muds In : Was h ington ( S t a te) Dep.Fis h ., Tech.Re p .No. 1 91 7 EcoRefe r ence No.: 15242 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : ACC; Rej ectio n Co d e : NO EN DPOIN T ( C BL) 62 7. Say ce, C S. a n d C h am bers, J. S. (1 9 7 0 ) O b s e rvatio ns o n P o tential U p take o f Se vin by Pacific Oysters In: W a shington (State) De p. Fish., Tec h .Re p .N o. 1 18 -2 4. EcoRefe r ence No.: 15243 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : ACC; Rej ectio n Co d e : NO EN DPOIN T ( C BL) 62 8. Scaps P. Desc am ps, M an d Dem u y n ck S. (2 0 0 2 ) B i oche m i cal and P h y s iological Responses Induced by Toxics in Anne lida: Utilization as Biom arkers. Tr end s Com p .Bi o che m .Physi ol. 9: 1 6 5 1 73 EcoRefe r ence No.: 88470 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : Cd ,Zn,Cu Cl,Pb,MLN,CBL,EPRN,PHSL; Hab itat : AT; Effect C odes : B C M ; R e jection C ode : NO EN DPOI NT, C ON TROL(A LL CH EMS). Page 368 of 602

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629. Scha fer, E. W. (1972). Th e Ac ute Oral T oxici ty of 369 Pe sticidal, Pharm aceutical and Other Chem ica l s to W i l d Birds. T o xicol.A p pl.P h a rm ac ol. 21 : 31 5-3 3 0 EcoRefe r ence No.: 38655 C h em ical of C once r n: Zir a m AN,BZO,BZC,Cap t an,THM,ZINEB,C YT,S FL,M A L ,M RX, A CL, M LN, A BT,CB Z ,M C B, CBL, C MPH, H CCH, E N, AN D, ES,N P, TCF, CPY, DDV P,PPHD D C TP,D S,PRT,D M T,A Z P SM,ETN,DEM,DZ FNTH,M P NCT N ; Habit a t : T; Effect Codes : MOR; Rej ection Code : NO CONTROL(ALL C H EM S),NO COC ( 4AP). 63 0. Scha fer, E. W. Jr. a n d B o wles W. A. J r ( 1 9 8 5 ) Ac ute Ora l To xicity and R e pellency o f 93 3 Chem ica l s to House and Dee r Mice. Arch.Environ.C ontam.Toxicol. 14 : 1 11129 EcoRefe r ence No.: 35426 C h em ical of C once r n: ADC,C ST,M O M ,CPC,ZnP, D OD ,M LN ,Cu, AQ S,CuC O ,R SM ,ACL, 4 AP, D Z, As, I A A ,C BL; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : M O R; Rej ection Code : NO C O NTROL(ALL CHEMS). 631. Scha fer, E. W. Jr., Bowles, W A J r ., an d H u rlb u t, J. ( 1 98 3) T h e Acute Or al To xicity Repellency, a n d Hazard Pote ntial of 998 Che m i cals to One or m o re Species of W i l d a n d Dom e stic Birds. Ar ch .Envir o n .C ont am .T oxicol. 12: 3 5 5 38 2. EcoRefe r ence No.: 38656 C h em ical of C once r n: RSM,TBT,CB L,EN,P AH,AC L ,P L, ES, A ND, DZ,CP Y S b,P b ,Zn,Cu, T l,DL D, HCCH, A P A C,4 AP; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : M O R ; R e jection C ode : NO CONTROL(ALL C H EM S). 632. Scha fer, E. W. Jr., Bowles, W A J r ., an d H u rlb u t, J. ( 1 98 3) T h e Acute Or al To xicity Repellency, a n d Hazard Pote ntial of 998 Che m i cals to One or m o re Species of W i l d a n d Dom e stic Birds. Ar ch .Envir o n .C ont am .T oxicol. 12: 3 5 5 38 2. EcoRefe r ence No.: 38656 C h em ical of C once r n: RSM,TBT,CB L,EN,P AH,AC L ,P L, ES, A ND, DZ,CP Y S b,P b ,Zn,Cu, T l,DL D, HCCH, A P A C,4 AP; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : M O R ; R e jection C ode : NO CONTROL(ALL C H EM S). 63 3. Schiewe r U ( 1 9 7 4 ) Salt T o lerance an d t h e In flue nce of I n creasin g NaC l C one ntratio ns on the Contents of Nitroge n, Carbohydrates, Pi gm ents and the Pr od uc tion of Extracellular Carbohy drates in Som e Freshw ater Bleu-Green Algae. Ar ch. H yd ro biol. S up pl. 46 : 171 -18 4 EcoRefe r ence No.: 53945 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; R e j ection Code : NO TO X DATA 634. Schif f m a n, S. S., Suggs, M S., D onia, M B. A. E r icks on, R P. a n d N a gle, H. T. (1995). Environm ental Pollutants Alter Ta ste Res ponses i n the Ge rbil. P h arm a c o l.Bioche m.B e h a v. 52: 1 8 9 19 4. EcoRefe r ence No.: 74836 Chem ical of C once r n: CBF,P YT,M TM A C P ,CPY ,D EM M LN,CBL, F N V ,P A Q T, GY P; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : PHY; Rej ection Code : N O E N DP OI NT( A LL CHEM S ) 63 5. Sch n eide r, M and G u hne M ( 2 0 0 0 ). C Y D 34 1 0 A N e w Post Em erge nc e He rbicide in Fall and S p ri ng f o r C ontr o l of B r o a d Lea f Wee d s in C e reals (C YD 3 4 1 0 3 Ei n Neue s Nach auf l au fh er b i zid im Her b st un d Fruh j a hr zur Bek a m p fun g von Br eitb lattr ig en Un kr au tern im Get r ei de) Z.Pflanzenkr.Pflanzenschutz 17 : 571 -57 6 (GER) (ENG A B S) Page 369 of 602

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EcoRefe r ence No.: 66528 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; R e j ection Code : NO FOREIGN. 6 3 6 Scho ettg er, R. A. ( 197 3) FishP esticid e Resear ch Labor atory. In : Reso ur.Pub l. No .12 1 Prog. S port Fis h .Res ., Div.Fis h .Res ., Bur Sport Fish.Wildl., U.S.D.I. Wa sh ing t on D C. : 21 7 EcoRefe r ence No.: 16616 C h em ical of C once r n: CBL,PCL,M X C ,PHT H, ABT, PCB,D D T, DL D,E N A N D H CCH,H PT,C H D ,CM P H,TCF DZ, A TM ,TXP ,M P, S Z ,CAP TA N, D C F; Ha bitat : A; E ffect C o des : POP,PHY,AC C,REP,MOR, B C M ; R e jection C ode : NO EN DPOI NT( S Z) N O CONTR O L ( A T M DZ ,CBL). 6 3 7 Scho ettg er, R. A. ( 197 0) FishP esticid e Resear ch Labor atory: Pro g r e ss in Spo r t Fish er y Research. U. S. Dep I n terior B u r. Sp ort Fish. W ildl.Res., P u bl. 10 6: 24 0 ( P u b l in Part As 6 797 ). EcoRefe r ence No.: 6615 C h em ical of C once r n: R S M SZ,C B L ,C P Y H C C H ,M L N M P,Nale d, 24 D X Y M C PB ,A T M ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : SYS,ACC,MOR BCM,POP; R e j ection Cod e : NO CONTR O L( CBL,SZ,RSM MCPB,ATM). 63 8. Sch o ettger R A. a n d M a uck W. L. ( 1 9 7 8 ) To xicity of E x perim e ntal Forest Insecticides to Fish a n d Aq uat i c In verte b rate s. I n : D.I Mo un t, W.R.S w a i n an d N.K.I v an ikiw (Ed s .) Proc.1 st an d 2 n d U S A US SR Sy m p o n Effects of P o lluta nts up o n A q uatic Ec osyste ms, Vol. 1, S y mp .Oct.2 1-23 19 75 Vo l.2, USS R S y mp ., Ju n e 2226 1976 Du lu th, MN 25 0, 2 6 6 ( U .S.NTIS PB -2 872 19) (Pub l in Par t As 6797 ). EcoRefe r ence No.: 5238 C h em ical of C once r n: AC P C B L,DF Z; Habi tat : A; Ef fect Codes : MOR; Rej ection Code : NO CONTROL( ACP,CBL,DFZ) 63 9. Scott, G. R a n d Sl om an, K. A. (2 0 0 4 ) T h e Ef fects o f E n vir onm ental Po llutants o n C o m p lex Fish B e havi ou r : I n tegrati n g B e havi ou ral a n d Phy s iol o gical In dicator s of T oxicity Aq uat. T oxic ol. 68: 3 6 9 39 2. EcoRefe r ence No.: 87520 C h em ical of C once r n: DU ,D DT,C PY ,CHD ,CBL,PC P ,PL,C 8 OH ,D Z,M P ,F N V ,ES Zn,Ni, H g ,Cd, Cu,P b; Ha bitat : A; Rej ectio n Code : N O RE VIE W 64 0. Scott, P W. a n d F o gle, B ( 1 9 8 3 ) Treatm e nt o f O r nam e ntal K o i C a r p (C y p ri nus car pio ) Infected with Anc h or Wo rm s (Le r naea cyprinacea). Vet.Rec. 11 3: 42 1. EcoRefe r ence No.: 65622 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; R e j ection Code : NO TO X DATA 64 1. Seifert, J. a n d C a sida, J E. ( 1 9 7 8 ) R e latio n of Y o lk Sac M e m b rane Ky nu re nine Form am idase I nhi bition t o C e rtain Te rato gen i c Ef f ects of Or g a no pho spho ru s I n secticid es an d of C a r b ary l an d Ese r ine in C h icke n Em bry o s Bi oche m. Ph arm a c o l. 27 : 26 11261 5. EcoRefe r ence No.: 38708 C h em ical of C once r n: M L N PR T,DC T P D Z,C B L ,M TM ; Ha bitat : T; E ffect C odes : B C M; Rej ectio n Code : N O E N DP OI NT( A L L C H EM S) 64 2. Seiler, J. P. ( 1 9 7 7 ) Nitr osatio n In Vitr o a n d In Vi vo by So d i um Nitrite, and M u ta ge nicity o f Page 370 of 602

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Nitrogenous Pesticides. Mu ta t R e s 48 : 2 25236 EcoRefe r ence No.: 88676 C h em ical of C once r n: Du,BM Y A NT V, ACP, ADC CBL,CBF,DM T ,M ane b ,ET U F M U ,M OM ,P PX; Ha bitat : T; Effect C ode s : C EL,P HY; R e jection C ode : OK( A LL C H EMS) ,NO COC(MTAS). 64 3. Sell, P. ( 1 9 8 4 ). I nvestigati ons fo r Testin g Effects of Pesticides on t h e E ffici ency of t h e Pre d acio u s Gall M i dge A phi d o letes ap hidim y za (R ond.) (Diptera, Ceci dom y iidae) a n d T h eir Pro g e n y ( U ntersuc h un ge n z u r Pr uf u n g de r Wi r k u n g en v o n P f lanze n sc hu tzm i tteln auf Leistu ng en der Raub er isch en Gall m u cke Aphidoletes ap hid i m y za (R ond .) (Di p tera, Cecidom yiidae) und Dere n Nachkom m en). Z.A ngew Ent o mol. 9 8 : 42 5-43 1 (GER) ( E NG ABS) EcoRefe r ence No.: 69496 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; R e j ection Code : NO FOREIGN. 6 4 4 Sem e l, M. ( 195 9) Con t ro l of th e C o rn Ea rworm Attacking Sweet C o rn. J.Econ .En t omo l 52 : 11 1 1 1 11 4. EcoRefe r ence No.: 71074 Chem ical of C once r n: D D T, EN,CBL, E S, D Z ,TX P H PT ,M LN; Ha bitat : T; Effect Codes : POP; R e jectio n C ode : OK(ALL CHEM S),OK TAR G ET (DZ,ML N). 6 4 5 Seug e, J. and Blu zat, R. ( 1979 ). Chro n i c To x i city o f Car b ar yl and Lind ane to th e Fr eshwater Mollusc Lym n ea stagnalis L. Water Res. 13: 2 85293 (FR E ) ( E NG ABS). EcoRefe r ence No.: 6775 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : CBL,HCCH; Hab itat : A; Rej ection Code : NO FOREIGN(HC CH,CBL). 6 4 6 Seug e, J. and Blu zat, R. ( 1979 ). Stu d y o f the Ch ron i c To x i city o f Two In secticid es ( C arbar y l and Lin d a n e) To war d the F s u b 1 G e ne ratio n of Lym n ea stagnalis L (Mollusca, Gasteropoda, Pulm onata). 2. C onse q uence s on the R e pr o d u ctive P o te ntial. Hyd r ob io logia 66 : 2 5 -3 1 ( F RE) (EN G AB S ) EcoRefe r ence No.: 7254 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : CBL,HCCH; Hab itat : A; E ffect Codes : GR O,REP; Rej ection C ode : NO FOREIGN( CBL,HCC H). 647. Sha h P. V. Fi sher H. L., S u m l er, M R., M o nr oe, R. J. C h er nof f N. a n d Hall, L. L. ( 1 987). Com p arison of the Penetration of 14 Pesticid es Thr oug h the Sk i n of Y o un g a n d A d ult R a ts. J.Toxic o l.E n viron.He alth 21 : 3 53366 EcoRefe r ence No.: 84377 C h em ical of C once r n: NCTN ,AT Z ,C APT A N CBL, CBF,CPY, D S M A,F O LPE T M SM A,PR N,P CB,PM R; Ha bitat : T; Effect Codes : AC C ; R e je ction C ode : NO CONTR O L(ALL C H EMS ) 648. Sha h P. V. M o nr oe, R. J. a n d Gut h rie, F. E ( 1 981) C o m p arative Rates of D e rm al Penetration of Insecticides in Mice. T o xicol. Ap pl.Ph a r m ac ol. 5 9 : 41 4-4 23. EcoRefe r ence No.: 88947 C h em ical of C once r n: M L N PM R PR N,M O M,CBL,DDT,DLD,NCTN, CPY,CBF; Hab itat : T; Effect Codes : AC C ; R e je ction C ode : NO CONTR O L(ALL C H EMS ) Page 371 of 602

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649. Sham aan, N A ., Ham i dah, R., Jef fries, J., Ha shim A. J. a n d Wan N g a h W. Z. (1993). I n secticid e Tox i city, Glu t ath i o n e Tr an sf er ases and Car boxylester a se Activ ities in th e Lar v a of the Aedes Mosquito. C o mp.B ioche m .P hysiol .C 104 : 107 -1 10 EcoRefe r ence No.: 6867 C h em ical of C once r n: AB T C B L ,DD T H C C H; H a bitat : A; E ffect C o des : MOR; Rejection C ode : NO C O NTROL(ALL CHEMS). 6 5 0 Sh ar m a R. P. an d Redd y, R. V. ( 198 7) To xic Ef f ects of C h em icals o n the I m m u n e Syste m In : T J. Haley a n d W. O.Be rn dt ( E ds.) H a n d b ook of Toxic o l ogy C h a p ter 1 5 He misp here Pu bl.C or p. W a shi n gto n D.C 555 -59 1 EcoRefe r ence No.: 70597 C h em ical of C once r n: PNB, DD T, HCCH,D Z,CH D, DLD E N D H P T,TX P,PR N,C B L,A N D CTC, DBAC,M AN E B ; Habitat : T; Rej ection Code : NO REVI EW,NO REFS CHECKED. 651. Sha r om M S. M iles, J. R. W., Har r is, C. R an d M c E w en F. L ( 1 98 0 ) B e havi ou r of 1 2 Insecticides in Soil an d A que ous S u s p ensi o n s of S o il an d Sedim e nt. Wat e r Res. 14 : 1 095 1 100 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : MVP,CBF,CBL,DZ,H CCH ,PRN C PY ,DD T ,D LD ,EN ETN ; H a bitat : AT; Rejecti o n Code : NO FATE. 652. Sha r om M S. M iles, J. R. W., Har r is, C. R., and M c E w en, F. L ( 1 980). P e rsistence of 12 Insecticides in Water. W a ter Res. 1 4 : 10 89-1 093 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : CBF,MVP,CBL,DZ, CPY, ET N,E N ,DL D ,PR N D DT, H CCH; H a bitat : A; R e jectio n C ode : N O FA T E ,N O T O X D A TA 653. Sha w R. D ., C o ok, M ., and C a rson, R. E J r (1968). De vel opm ents in t h e Resistance Status of the Southern Cattle Tick t o Organophosphorus and Carba m ate Insecticides. J.Econ .En t omol. 61 : 159 0-1 594 EcoRefe r ence No.: 72637 Chem ical of C once r n: PRN DZ,CBL, H CC H,T X P,C P Y; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : M O R; Rej ectio n Code : TAR G ET (DZ). 654. Sha w R. D ., T hom pson, G E ., a n d Bake r, J. A. F. ( 1 967) Resistance to Cholineste rase In hibito rs i n th e B l ue Tic k B o o p h ilus dec o lorat u s, i n S o uth Af rica. Vet.Rec. 8 1 : 54 854 9. EcoRefe r ence No.: 72320 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L D Z; Ha bitat : T; Effect Codes : M O R ; R e jection C ode : TARGET(DZ ). 65 5. Shea, T. B a n d B e r r y B S. ( 1 9 8 4 ) S u pp res s ion o f Inter f er on Sy nt hesis b y the Pesticide Carba r yl as a Mechanism for Enha ncem en t of Goldfish Vi rus-2 Replication. Ap pl.E nvir on 47: 2 5 0 25 2. C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; Rej ection Code : NO I N VITR O 656. She r stne va, L. A. (1978). Effe ct of So m e Pesticides on the Fr esh W a te r Crustaceans. Rybn .Kho z. 2: 33 3 5 (R U S ) EcoRefe r ence No.: 7170 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : CBL,HCCH; Hab itat : A; Rej ection Code : NO Page 372 of 602

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FOREIGN(HC CH,CBL). 65 7. Shin o h ara A., Saito, K., Yam azoe, Y. Kam a taki, T. a n d Kato, R (1 9 8 6 ). I nhi bition o f Acetylc o e n z yme a Dep e nd en t Activ atio n of N-Hyd r ox yaryla min e s b y Ph eno lic Co m p ou nd s. Pentachl o r o ph enol a n d 1Nitr o2Na pht hol. C h em .-Bi ol.I nteract. 60 : 275 -2 85 C h em ical of C once r n: PC P, P L ,C B L ; Ha bit a t : T; Rej ection C ode : N O I N VITR O. 65 8. Sh ukla, D S a n d M i sra, A P. ( 1 9 7 2 ). Ef fect of Soil A pplica tion of F u n g icides i n I n activat ion of Sclerotia of Ozonium texanum var. pa rasiticum and Incidence of Gram W ilt. Ind i an Ph ytopa tho l 25 : 378 -38 6 C h em ical of C once r n: P N B C A PT AN ,C u H g ,C B L ; Ha bitat : T; Rej ection Code : NO TOX DAT A. 65 9. Sijm D. T H. M ., Fle nne r, C K. a n d O p per huize n, A. ( 1 9 9 1 ) The I n fl ue nce of B i oche m i cal Species Differences on Acute Fish To xicity of O r ga nic C h em icals. Com p .Bi o che m .P hy siol.C 10 0: 33 3 5 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; Rej ection Code : NO REVIE W (ALL C H EMS ) 660. Sikka H. C ., Miyazaki, S., a n d Rice, C. P. (1973). Metabolis m of Selecte d Pesticides by Mar i n e Micro o r g an ism s Rep.No .S URCTR-7 3-5 2 0 ; Life Sc i.Div., Syracuse University R e s Co rp ., S y ra c u s e NY 16 p. (U.S.NTI S AD-7 634 10) EcoRefe r ence No.: 8982 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : POP,PHY; Rejection C ode : NO EN DPOIN T ( C BL) 66 1. Sikka H. C a n d R i ce, C P. ( 1 97 4 ) In te raction of Selected Pe sticides with Marine Microorganis m s Office of Naval Re s., Arl i ngton, VA 78 p ( U .S.NTI S AD785 079 ). EcoRefe r ence No.: 8713 C h em ical of C once r n: D D T, DLD C B L ,M X C ; Ha bitat : A ; Ef fect Codes : A CC, PO P, PH Y ; Rej ectio n Code : N O E N DP OI NT( A L L C H EM S) 662. Sim w at, G. S. and Dha w an, A. K. ( 1 9 9 3 ) Effect of I n sec ticides o n S o m e Yield C o ntri butin g Param e ters in Asiatic Cotton, G o ssy pi um arbo re um L. J.Insect Sci. 6: 3 0 5 3 06 EcoRefe r ence No.: 87631 Chem ical of C once r n: CYP F N V PM R,F Y T DM ,F VL ,P HS L,ES, D DT, F N T ,CBL,AC P ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : POP,GRO,PHY; Rej ection Code : OK(ALL CHEMS),OK TARGET(AC P). 6 6 3 Si m w at, G. S. an d Dh awan, A. K. (1 993 ). Ph yto t ox ic Ef fect o f Sp r a ying Mix t u r es o f Syste m ic and Contact Insecti c ides on U p lan d C o tton ( G o s s y pium hirsutu m ). In dia n J.Agric.Sci. 63: 3 90392 EcoRefe r ence No.: 75555 Ch em ica l o f Co n c ern : CPY, CBL, A C P, ES,DM, D M T, PPHD F NV C YP; H a b itat : T; Rej ectio n Code : N O M I XT URE( ALL CH EM S),T ARG E T(CBL). 66 4. Sinclair, C J. a n d B o xall, A. B A. (2003). Assessi ng the Ecotoxicity of Pesticide Tran sf orm a tion P r o d u cts E n viro n. Sci.Tec h 37 : 461 7-4 6 2 5 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; Rej ection Code : NO M O DEL I NG (CBL). Page 373 of 602

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665. Singh, A ., Singh, A. M i sra T N ., a n d Aga r wa l, R. A. (199 6) Molluscici d es of Plant Origin. Biol.Agric.Hortic. 13: 2 0 5 25 2. EcoRefe r ence No.: 83309 Chem ical of C once r n: DM N SM ,A DC,CBL ,PRT,C YP,PM R ,FN V ; Habit a t : A; Rej ection C ode : N O RE VIE W ,C OC( S CA). 66 6. Sing h, A K. a n d S p ass ova D. ( 1 9 9 8 ) E f f ects of He xam e tho n ium Phe not hiazines, Pro p r an olol a n d E p hed r ine o n Acety l choli n e s terase C a r b am y l ation by P h y s ostigm i ne, Aldicar b a n d C a rba r y l: I n tera ction B e twee n th e Active Site and the Functi onally Distinct Peripheral Sites in Acetylchol inesterase. Comp.Bioc h e m .P hysiol.C 1 19: 9 7 1 05 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Rej ection Code : NO I N VITR O 66 7. Sing h, D P a n d Kshat r iy a, K ( 2 0 0 2 ). NaC l I n d u ced O x ida tive Dam a ge in the Cyanobacterium Anab aena doliolum C u rr M icrobi ol. 4 4 : 4 11417 EcoRefe r ence No.: 78641 C h em ical of C once r n: Na N 3 C B L ; Ha bitat : A; Effect Codes : BCM,PHY; Rej ection C ode : NO ENDP OINT(ALL C H EM S). 66 8. Sing h, J. M ( 1 97 0 ) T h e Ef fe ct of C a ffei n e and the Pesticide Carb ar yl ( 1 Naph th yl-NMethylcarbamate) on Fem a le Rats. I n : W.B.Deichmann J.L.Ra do mski, an d R.A.Pen a l ver ( E ds.) Pesticides Sy m posi a I n ter-A m .C onf. o n T o xicol. an d Occ u p Me d., Univ. o f Mi ami Schl. o f Me d. Miami, FL 25 3255 EcoRefe r ence No.: 73111 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : B E H; Rejecti o n Code : NO EN DPOIN T ( C BL) 66 9. Sing h, S. an d S h ri vastava, N (1 9 9 8 ) Hi sto p a tholo g ical C h ange s in the Liver o f the Fis h Nan d u s na nd us Ex p o sed to En dos ulfa n a n d C a rba r y l J. Ecot oxicol.E nvir on .Mo n it. 8 : 139 14 4. EcoRefe r ence No.: 60139 C h em ical of C once r n: ES,C B L ; Ha bitat : A; Ef fect Codes : CEL; Rejectio n Cod e : NO EN DPOIN T ( E S, CBL) 67 0. Sing h, U D., S e thu n atha n, N. an d R a gh u, K ( 1 9 9 1 ). F u n g a l Deg r a d ation of Pesticides. D.K Ar or a ( E d ) Han d b o o k o f Ap plied Myc o logy, C h a p ter 19 Soil an d Plants M a rcel Dekker Inc ., N Y 1: 5 4 1 58 8. In : EcoRefe r ence No.: 70474 C h em ical of C once r n: SZ,P NB, A TZ, PCP,D D T A N D D LD ,H PT,E N,CH D, ES, D Z PRN,CBL ,FR N ,M LT ,A DC, CBF, CLNB; Habitat : T; Rej ection Code : NO RE VIE W N O RE FS CH ECKE D 67 1. Sing h, V K. a n d Sa xena P N. (2 0 0 1 ) Ef fe ct of C y bil (C y p erm e thrin 2 5 EC ) a n d C y bilSevin (C a r ba ry l 50 EC ) C o m b inations o n Li v e r a n d Serum Phos phatases i n W i star Albino Rats. J.Ecop hysio l .Occup .Hea lth 1 : 229 -234 EcoRefe r ence No.: 79178 C h em ical of C once r n: C Y P C B L; Ha bitat : T; Effect Codes : BCM; Rejection C ode : NO M I XT URE(C B L), O K ( CYP ) 67 2. Sing h, V P ., G upta, S. a n d S a xena P K. ( 1 98 4 ) E v aluati on o f Ac ute To xicity of C a rba r y l Page 374 of 602

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and Malathion to Freshwater Teleosts, C h anna punctatus (Bloch) and He t e ropneustes fossilis (B loch ). Toxicol.Lett. 2 0 : 27 1276 EcoRefe r ence No.: 11346 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L M LN; Habitat : A; Effect Codes : M O R; Rej ectio n Cod e : NO CONTR O L( CBL,MLN) 673. Sinha N., Lal, B., a n d Singh, T. P ( 1 993). Effect of Pesticides on E x trath y r oidal C o n v e r sion of T4 to T3 in t h e Fres hwate r Catfish Clarias batrachus. In: J.J.Stege m an, M.N.Mo o r e, an d M.E.Hahn (Eds.) Ma r.En viro n.Res., 1 993 I n t. Sy mp .o n Re spo n ses of Mar i ne O r g a n isms to Po llu tan t s, Ap r.24 19 92 Wo od s Ho le, MA C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ,E S,M L N; Ha bitat : A; Rej ection C ode : NO ABSTRA CT. 674. Skalsky, H. L. an d Guthrie, F. E. ( 1977). Affinities of Pa rat h ion, DDT, Di el drin and Carbaryl for Macrom olecules in the Bl ood of the Rat and Am erican Cockroac h a nd the C o m p etitive Interacti ons o f Steroi ds. Pestic.Biochem.Physiol. 7 : 289 -2 96 C h em ical of C once r n: D D T, DLD C B L ,PR N ; Habitat : T; Rej ection C o de : NO I N VI TRO 6 7 5 Sm a lley, H. E. ( 197 0) Diagnosis and Tr eatmen t of Car b ar yl Po iso n i ng in Swin e. J.Am.Vet.Me d .Assoc 15 6: 33 93 4 4 EcoRefe r ence No.: 38808 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : B E H,M O R,PHY; Rej ectio n Cod e : NO CO NTRO L,EN DP OI NT (CBL). 6 7 6 Sm a lley, H E., Cu r tis, J. M an d Ear l F. L. ( 196 8) Ter a tog e n i c Action of Carb ar yl in B eag le Dogs. T o xic o l. Ap pl.Ph a r m ac ol. 1 3 : 39 2-4 03. EcoRefe r ence No.: 72685 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : R E P,GR O; R e je ction C ode : NO EN DPOIN T ( C BL) 67 7. Sm alley H. E. O' Hara, P. J. B r idge s, C H and Ra deleff R. D. ( 1 969). The E ffects of C h r onic C a rba r y l A d m i nistration o n th e Ne u r om uscular Sy stem of S w ine Toxicol.Appl.P har macol 1 4 : 4 09419 EcoRefe r ence No.: 38810 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : B E H,PHY,M O R,CEL; Rej ection C ode : N O E N DP OI NT(CBL ). 678. Sm ith, D. N ., King, W. J. T o ppe r C. P. M h ando, H. a n d Cooper J F ( 1 997) St udies on Spray Deposition on Cashew Trees i n Tanzania with Refe rence to the Use of Fungicides to Control Oidium anacardii. C r op Pr ot. 16 : 31 3-3 2 2 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Rej ection Code : NO TO X I CA NT. 67 9. Solom on, H M ( 1 9 7 8 ). T h e Terato ge nic E ffects of the I n secticides D D T C a r b ary l Malathion and Parathi o n on Developing Me daka E g gs (Oryzias latipes). Ph .D Th esis, Rutgers University, Newark, NJ 15 8 p. EcoRefe r ence No.: 2941 C h em ical of C once r n: D D T, P R N,C B L ,M L N ; Ha bitat : A; Effect C ode s : GRO,CE L,M O R; Rej ectio n Code : N O E N DP OI NT( A L L C H EM S) Page 375 of 602

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68 0. So nnet, P. E. Ly e, T. L., and Sack ett, R R. ( 197 8) Ef fects of Selected He rbicides on t h e To xicity of S e veral In sec ticides to Honey Bees. En v i ro n. En tom o l. 7: 2 5 4 25 6. EcoRefe r ence No.: 35454 C h em ical of C once r n: M L N M P ,C B L ,D Z, M V P, 24 D X Y PR N, ATZ C B F ; Ha bitat : T; Effect C odes : MOR; Rej ection Code : N O E N DP OI NT( A L L C H EM S,T A R G ET-M L N), N O MIXT URE(ATZ). 68 1. So pins ka, A ., Niezg oda J ., a n d Jam r oz, M ( 198 4) Stud y o n Acu t e Tox i city o f a Su sp en sion Gam a k a r b atox Pr ep ar ation in Car p ( C ypr inus carp i o L.). B r om atol .C he m. Toksyk ol. 17 : 13 1 13 4 (R U S ) (E NG AB S ) EcoRefe r ence No.: 14837 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; R e j ection Code : NO FOREIGN. 68 2. Sor e nse n A J. an d B a r b osa, P. ( 1 97 5 ) Ef fe ctiveness o f C a rba r y l an d T h u r icide 16 -B on a Po pulatio n of Larval Lam bdina atha saria pe llucidaria. J.E c on .E nto m ol. 68 : 561 -56 2 EcoRefe r ence No.: 54385 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; R e j ection Code : N o Ec ossl C h em ,TARGET ( CBL). 683. Spain, A. V. (1974). The Effects of Carbaryl an d DDT on the Litter Fauna of a C o rsican Pine (Pinus nigra var. m a riti m a ) Fore st: A M u ltivariate Com p arison. J A ppl.E co l. 11 : 467 -48 1 EcoRefe r ence No.: 44403 C h em ical of C once r n: D D T, C B L ; Ha bitat : T; E ffect Codes : POP; R e jection C ode : NO OM ,N O EN D P OI NT (CBL) 6 8 4 Sp er elak is, N. ( 199 2) C h em i cal Ag en t Actio n s on Io n Ch an n e ls and Electr oph ysio log y of th e Heart. I n : D.A c osta Jr.( E d .) Tar g et Or ga n Toxicol ogy S e r : C a rdi o v a scu l ar T o xicol ogy 2 n d Edition, Raven Press, New York, NY 28 3-3 38. EcoRefe r ence No.: 87547 Chem ical of C once r n: Ba,Cd, CBL,DD T A T N A N D ,CTC, C F,3CE PCB, M n ,Co,P b H g ; Habitat : AT; Rej ection Code : N O RE VIE W ( A LL CHE M S). 685. St.L.Sea rle, C. M. (1965). T h e Susc eptib ility of Pa uridia pe regri n a Tim b (Hym enoptera: Encyrtidae) to Som e Pe sticide Form ulations. J.Entomol.Soc.S.Afr. 27: 2 3 9 49 EcoRefe r ence No.: 77569 C h em ical of C once r n: C a PS, FNT H A Z, DM T,PR N D E M E S ,C B L DDT ,D LD; Ha bitat : T; Effect C ode s : MOR; Rej ection C ode : NO CO N T RO L( ALL CHEM S) ,M I X TURE( P RN ,D M T ,ES, AZ, F N T H) 68 6. Stadny k, L., C a m pbell, R S., an d J o hns o n B T. ( 1 9 7 1 ). P e sticide Ef fect on G r o w th a n d C 1 4 Assim i lation in a Freshwater Alga. B u ll.E n viron C o nta m T oxicol. 6 : 18. EcoRefe r ence No.: 2251 C h em ical of C once r n: 2 4 D X Y ,C B L D U D Z ; Ha bitat : A; Ef fect Codes : P HY; Re jection C ode : N O E N DP OI NT( D Z ) L ITE EV AL C ODE D ( CBL). 6 8 7 Stan ley, J. G. an d Tr ial, J. G. (1 980 ). Disa p p e a rance C o nstan t s of C a r b ary l f r om Stream s C ontam inated by F o rest Sp ra y i ng. B u ll.Env i ron C o nta m .T oxicol. 25 : 7 71776 EcoRefe r ence No.: 65949 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; R e j ection Code : NO SPECIES. Page 376 of 602

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68 8. Statham C N. an d Lec h J. J. ( 1 9 7 5 ). P o te nt iation o f t h e A c ute T oxic ity of Several Pesticides and Herbicides in Tr ou t b y Car b ar yl. T o xicol Ap pl.P ha rm ac ol. 34: 8 3 8 7. EcoRefe r ence No.: 5550 C h em ical of C once r n: 2 4 D X Y ,C B L ,R T N D LD,PC P ; Habi tat : A; Ef fect Codes : MOR; Rej ectio n Code : NO CONTROL(ALL CHEMS) 68 9. Statham C N. an d Lec h J. J. ( 1 9 7 5 ). Sy ne r g ism of the Ac ute T oxic Ef fe cts of 3 4 D B u ty l Ester Dield r in Ro tenon e, and Pen t ach l or ophen o l in Rainbow Tr ou t b y Carb ar yl. In : 14 th Ann u .Meet.o f So c.o f To xico l., Ma r.9 13 1975 Willia msbu rg VA 13 3 p. ( A B S No .1 6 6 ) EcoRefe r ence No.: 6058 C h em ical of C once r n: DL D, C B L ,R TN, P C P ; Ha bitat : A; Ef fect Codes : MOR,ACC,B C M; Rej ectio n Code : NO ABSTR A CT(ALL CHEMS) 69 0. Stegem an, J. J an d Kapla n H B (1 9 8 1 ) M i xed F u nction Oxy g ena s e Activity of Benzo(a)pyre ne Metabolism in the Barnacle Balanus e b urneus (Crustacea, Cirripe dia). Com p .Bi o che m .Physi ol. 68C : 55 6 1 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; Rej ection Code : NO METAB O LISM,NO CONC, N O S U RVEY 6 9 1 Sten e, A. and Lon n i n g S. (19 85) Ef f ects of Sh or tTim e Ex po su r e to Naph th alen e, Methyl, and Hy dr o x y n a pht halenes o n Tw o Dif f ere n t Em bry onic St ages of C o d (G adu s m o rh ua L ). Sar sia 70 : 279285 EcoRefe r ence No.: 17422 C h em ical of C once r n: N A P H ,C B L ; Ha bitat : A; Effect Codes : M O R,GR O; Rej ection C ode : NO EN DP O I N T (N AP H,CBL ). 69 2. Stenerse n, J. B r ek ke, E., an d E n gelstad, F. (1 992 ) Ear t hwor m s f o r To xicity Testin g ; Sp ecies Differences in Resp onse Towards Cholinest e rase Inhibiting Insecticides. Soil Biol.Bi o chem. 2 4 : 17 61176 4. EcoRefe r ence No.: 74718 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : POP,BCM,BEH,PHY; Rej ection C ode : N O E N DP OI NT,C ON TROL(CBL ), NO COC(M T M CBF,A DC). 693. Sterling, G. H., Do ukas, P. H., Jac k son, C., Caccese, R. O'Neill, K. J., and O'Neill, J. J. ( 199 3) 3Carba m ylN A llylq u i nu clid in iu m Br o m ide: Effe cts on Ch olinergic Activity and Protectio n A g a i nst S o m a n. Bioche m. Ph ar ma col. 45: 4 6 5 47 2. C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : B C M M O R ; R e jection C ode : NO M I XT URE. 694. Stevens, P. J. G., W a l k er J. T. S., Shaw, P. W and Suck l i ng, D. M. (199 4). Organosilicone Surfactants: T ools for Horticultural C r o p Pr otection. In : B r ight on C r o p P r ot.C o n f. Pest s an d Dise ase, C onf. N o v. 21 -2 4, 1 9 9 4 Brig ht on E n gla n d 1-3 : 755 -76 0 Chem ical of C once r n: TD F,C a ptan,C PY ,AZ D O D CBL,F U Z ; Ha bitat : T; Rej ection C o de : NO M I XTUR E. 69 5. Steven so n, J. H. (1 9 7 8 ) T h e Ac ute T oxic ity of U n f o rm ulated Pes ticides to Worker Honey Bees (Apis m e llifera L.). Plant Pathol. 27 : 3 8 -4 0. EcoRefe r ence No.: 38931 Page 377 of 602

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Chem ical of C once r n: RSM CBL,CHD ,CP Y DDT ,D Z, D L D,E N H CCH ,DM B D ZM ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : M O R ; R e jection C ode : NO CONTROL(ALL C H EM S,TAR G ET DZ,CBL) 69 6. Stratton G. W. an d C o r k e, C T. ( 1 98 1 ) In teraction of Permethrin w ith D a ph nia m a gna i n the Prese n ce a n d Abse nce of Pa rticulate Material. Environ.Pollut. 24 : 135 -14 4 EcoRefe r ence No.: 5197 C h em ical of C once r n: PM R MXC,CYP,DZ,CBL; Hab itat : A; Effect Codes : M O R; Rej ectio n Code : O K (PM R ), NO CO NTRO L,EN DP OI NT (DZ M X C,C Y P,CBL). 69 7. Strickm a n, D (1 9 8 5 ) A quati c B i oassay of 1 1 Pesticides U s ing Lar v ae of the M o sq uito, W y eom y ia s m i t hii (Di p tera: Culicidae). B u ll.Enviro n.C o n t am. T oxic ol. 35 : 133 -14 2 EcoRefe r ence No.: 11480 Chem ical of C once r n: D D T, HPT,C P Y M L N,TM P CBL, M OM ,PP X P M R ,RSM ; Ha bitat : A; Effect C ode s : MOR,GR O; R e j ection Code : NO EN DPOIN T (A LL CH EMS) 69 8. Stro be n, E ., B r om m e l, C ., Oe hlm a nn, J. a n d Fio r o n i, P. (1 9 9 2 ) The Ge nital Sy stem s of Trivia arctica and Tri v ia m o n acha (Prosobranchia, Mesogastro poda) and Tributyltin Induced Im posex. Zool Beitr 34 : 349 -3 74 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; Rej ection Code : N O SU RV EY 699. Sultana, P. (1989). Efficacy of Se vin and Ma rshal a s Bird R e pellent. Bangla d e sh J.Zo o l 17: 1 31134 EcoRefe r ence No.: 87751 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : M O R; Rej ection Code : NO CONTR O L( CBL) 70 0. Su nda ram K. M S. a n d S zeto, S. Y. ( 1 9 8 7 ) Distri butio n a n d Pe rsistence of C a r b ary l in Som e Terrest rial an d Aq uatic C o m pone nts of a F o r e st En vir onm ent. J E n viro n. Sci.He alth B 22: 5 79599 EcoRefe r ence No.: 12850 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : AT; Effect C odes : ACC,GR O; Rej ectio n Cod e : NO EN DPOIN T ( C BL) 70 1. Su ndst r om G. H u tzinge r, O Safe S ., R u zo L. a n d Jo nes D. ( 1 9 7 5 ) M e tho d s fo r t h e St udy of M e tabolism of To xic a n d P e rsistent C h em i cals in Aquatic Organism s as Exem plified by Chloronaphthalenes. In: J.H.Koeman and J J.T.W A.Strik (Eds.) Sublethal Effects of Toxic Chemicals on Aquatic Anim als, Elsevier Scientific Publ.C o., The Net h erlands 177 -18 8 EcoRefe r ence No.: 18147 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR; Rej ection C ode : NO CONTR O L( CBL) 70 2. Su wanc haichi n d a, C a n d B r at tsten, L. B (2 0 0 2 ) I n d u ctio n of M i cros om al C y tochr o m e P450s by Tire-Leachate C o m p ounds Ha bitat Co m pone nts of Ae des al bopictus Mos q uito Larvae Arch.Insect Bioc he m.Physiol. 4 9 : 71 -7 9. EcoRefe r ence No.: 69740 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L A N D P B O D E F ,R TN ,TM P ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR,BCM; Rej ection Cod e : NO MIX T U R E( PBO, DEF),N O CO N T RO L( AN D, CBL, R TN ,TMP) Page 378 of 602

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70 3. Suz uki, J. Watanabe T ., Sato K ., a n d S u z u ki, S (1 9 8 8 ) R o les o f O x y g e n in P hot oche m i cal R eaction of Na pht hols in A q u e ou s Nitrite S o lution a n d M u tagen F o rm ation. Chem.Pharm.Bull. 3 6 : 45 67 -4 575 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Rej ection Code : NO BACTER IA( CBL) 7 0 4 Syk u t A. an d Ostap c zuk E. ( 199 5) A Study o f th e Ef f ect o f Selected Her b icyd es App lied at Diffe re nt Seas ons o n Starc h B i osy n thesis i n the Grai n of t h e K oda an d Pol a nka Wheat Varieties (Badania Wplywu Stosowania w Ro zn ych Ter m in ach Wybr an ych Herb icydo w n a Biosynteze Skrobi w Ziarnie Pszenicy Ozim ej Odm i any Koda i Polanka). Bro m at ol.C he m.T o ksyk ol. 28: 2 83285 (POL) ( E NG ABS). EcoRefe r ence No.: 67347 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; R e j ection Code : NO FOREIGN. 705. Tachika w a, M., Sa wam u ra, R., and Okada S. (1989). T h e E ffects of E nvir onm ental C h e m ical Pollutants on Fish Gills Eise i Kagak u 35: 3 9 7 40 7 (JP N ) ( E NG AB S) EcoRefe r ence No.: 69529 C h em ical of C once r n: PCP,D D T DL D,E N H PT ,TX P ,CBL, NAP H, PA H,PL ,A TZ, TBT,N H ,C d,C u H g,Z n ; Habi tat : A; R e jectio n C ode : NO REVI EW 70 6. Tau b er ger G. and Klim m e r, O. R ( 1 9 6 3 ) Anim al Expe rim e ntal Study o f Se veral C o ba lt C o m pou nds aft e r I n tra v e n o u s In jectio n ( T ier e xpe rim e ntelle U n ters uch u n g e n Ei niger Ko baltve r bi nd un ge n nach I n t r ave n oser I n je ktion ) Arc h I nt.P har m a co dy n. 1 43: 2 1 9 23 9 (GER ). EcoRefe r ence No.: 58201 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; R e j ection Code : NO FOREIGN. 7 0 7 Teg e lb er g, H. an d Magoo n, D. ( 197 0) Sevin Tr eatm e n t of a Sub tid al Oyster Bed in Gr ays Har b or. In: W a shi n gton ( S tat e ) Dep.Fish., T ech.Re p .N o. 1 18. EcoRefe r ence No.: 15244 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : P O P,M O R ; R e jection C ode : NO EN DPOIN T ( C BL) 70 8. Tekel, J ., Tah o t na, S ., a n d Va ver k ova S. (199 8) Gas Chr o mato g r ap h i c M e th od f o r Determ ination of Uracil He rbi c ides in Roots of Echi nacea a n gustifolia Moench (Asterace ae). J.Phar m.Bi omed.A nal. 16: 7 5 3 7 58 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Rej ection Code : NO I N VITR O 70 9. Thac ker, E. J. ( 1 9 7 1 ) Pe sticide Metabolism i n Anim als. In: Int.Symp.Ide ntification and Measurement of Environmental Pollu t ants, Campbell Printing, Ottaw a 92 -97 EcoRefe r ence No.: 70610 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L A TZ, PPZ; Ha bitat : T; R e jec tion C ode : NO REVI EW 71 0. Tha k u r N. an d Sahai, S. ( 1 99 4) T oxicity As sessm ent of S o m e C o m m only use d P e sticides to Three Species of Fishes Env i ron.Ecol. 12 : 4 62464 EcoRefe r ence No.: 17548 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L M LN,B HC ; H a bitat : A; E f f ect Codes : M O R; Rej ection Code : NO CONTROL(ALL C H EM S). Page 379 of 602

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7 1 1 Tho m as, J. A. ( 197 4) Actions of Pesticid es an d Oth e r Dr ug s o n th e Male Rep r od u c tive System EPA-650/1-74-011, U.S.EP A, Re se arc h Tri a ngle Park, NC 41 p. (U .S. N T IS P B 2 373 81) EcoRefe r ence No.: 62502 C h em ical of C once r n: D D T, DLD C B L ,PR N ,TP E ; Habit a t : T; Effect Codes : GR O, BCM ; Rej ectio n Code : O K C ode d I SSI ( D LD ); Coded CCK ( D D T ), NO EN DP OI NT(CBL ). 712. Thom as, J. A ., Dieringer C. S ., a n d Sc hein L. (19 74) Ef f e cts o f Carb ar yl on Mou s e Or gan s o f Repr odu ction To xico l.Appl.Pha rma c o l 28 : 142 -14 5 EcoRefe r ence No.: 39097 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : A C C GR O; R e je ction C ode : NO EN DPOIN T ( C BL) 7 1 3 Tho m as, P. T. an d Hou s e, R. V. ( 198 9) Pesticid eIn du ced Mo du latio n of th e I m m u n e System In : N N Ra gs dale a n d R E.Me nzer ( E ds.) AC S ( A m.C h em. S oc.) Sym p S er .4 1 4 Carcinogenicity and Pesticides: Pri n ciples, I ssu es, and Rela tio nsh i p s 19 6th Na tl.Meet.o f th e Am.C hem S o c. Se pt.2 5 3 0 1 9 8 8 L o s An gele s, C A Am .C he m. Soc ., Was h i ngt on D.C 94106 EcoRefe r ence No.: 74733 C h em ical of C once r n: TB T,C B L,A D C C B F ; Ha bitat : T; R e j ection Code : NO REVIEW. 71 4. Th om pson, A R an d G o re, F L. ( 1 9 7 2 ) T o xicity of Twenty-Nine In secticides to Folsomia candi da: La b o r atory Stu d ies. J.Ec on .Ent om ol. 6 5 : 12 55126 0. EcoRefe r ence No.: 40474 C h em ical of C once r n: CBL,HCCH ,A ND ,AZ D D T DLD M O M E N ,PR N ,M P D S ,CBF,D Z,CP Y CHD PRT, FN T,A D C,FNF,HPT; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : M O R; Rej ection Code : N O E N DP OI NT( A LL CHEMS). 715. Tilak, K. S. (1984). Relative Toxicity of C a rba r y l 1 Nap h t hol, a n d T h r e e Fo rm ulations of Carba r yl to Channa punctata (Bloch). Aq u a t. Sci.Fish .A bstr. 18( 7) :10 2 4 7 1 Q1 8 ( 1 9 88) / Matsya 8: 4 5 4 7 (U np u b lishe d T h esis Sum m ary Attached ). EcoRefe r ence No.: 831 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR; Rej ection C ode : NO ABSTRAC T (CBL) 716. Tillander, M., Miettinen, J. K., Rissanen, K., Miettinen, V., and Minkki nen, E. (1968). Ex cr eatio n of Ph en yl and Meth yl Mer c ur y Nitr at e After Oral Adm i nistration or Intram uscular Inj ection in Fish, M u ssel, Mol l usc and Crayfi sh ( U tso ndr ing av Fen y l och Methl m erkurinitrat Efter Oral A d m i nistration El ler I n tram uskul ar I n jektion i Fisk, M u ssla, Snacka och Kraft a ). In : Pr oc. o f the N o rdic Sy mp .o n the Pr oble m s of Merc ury O c t.10 1 1 19 6 8 Lidin g o Sw e d en 1 81183 (SWE) EcoRefe r ence No.: 60161 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; R e j ection Code : NO FOREIGN. 71 7. Tizio, R T r ip pi, V. S., Tri o n e S. O ., a n d A l m e lapons, G (1 9 6 1 ) Stu d ies o n R ootin g i n Gra p e v ine C u ttings I V Actio n of 2 4 D 2, 4, 5-T NA A a n d IA A, Alo n e o r in C o m b inatio n and with or Wi thout Addition of Sucrose, o n R ootin g C a pac ity (Estudios S o bre Enraizam iento en vid. IV E f ecto de lo s Aci dos 2 4 Diclor ofe n oxiacetico, 2, 4, 5 Triclorofenoxi acetico, Naftalenacetico e indo l-3-acetico y Com b inaciones de los Mism os y con Saca rosa So bre la C a pac i dad de En raiz am iento). P h yton (B.Aires) 17 : 15 1 9 Page 380 of 602

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EcoRefe r ence No.: 25585 C h em ical of C once r n: 2 4 D X Y ,I A A ,C B L ; Habitat : T; Rej ection Code : NO FOREIGN. 71 8. Tom pkins, W. A. (1 9 6 6 ) Se v i n R e sid u es i n M a rine a n d F r eshw ater Aq ua tic Or ganism s. In : Rep o rt of t h e S u rveillance Pr og .C o n ducte d i n C o n n ectio n w ith a n A pplic ation of C a r b a r yl ( S evin) for the C ontr o l of Gy p s y Mot h on C a pe C o d MA Pe stic.Bd.P u bl. 5 47: 3 7 4 7. EcoRefe r ence No.: 14737 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; E ffect C odes : ACC; Rej ectio n Co d e : NO EN DPOIN T ( C BL) 71 9. To or, H S a n d Kau r K. ( 1 9 7 4 ) To xicity o f Pesticides to t h e Fis h C y pri nus car pio com m unis Lin n I n dia n J.Ex p.Bi ol. 1 2 : 33 4336 (Used 672 2 As Ref e r e nce) EcoRefe r ence No.: 6299 C h em ical of C once r n: F N T,P P H D ,C B L D Z; Ha bitat : A; Effect C ode s : MOR; Rej ection C ode : NO C O NTROL(ALL CHEMS). 72 0. Tos Luty S., P r zebir o w s k a, D ., Lat u szy n s k a, J., an d T o kars ka-R oda k, M ( 2 0 0 1 ) Histological and Ultrastructural Studi es of R a ts Exp o sed to Car b ar yl. A n n Ag r i c En vir o n. Me d. 8: 1 3 7 14 4. EcoRefe r ence No.: 87638 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : G R O,C EL; R e je ction C ode : NO EN DPOIN T ( C BL) 72 1. Travis B V. Dewey J. E., a n d Pe ndleto n R. F. (1 968 ). C o m p ar a tive Toxicity Data on Pesticides Used for Mosquito Control. Pr oc .N.J.M os q.Exte rm.As s oc 5 5 : 1 22129 C h em ical of C once r n: DDT ,PR N H P T ,DL D ,CBL ,P YN ,M XC, A B T ,M LN ,D DV P Naled,HCC H C PY,F NT H,C u A s,C HD ,M P; Habit a t : T; Rej ection C ode : NO R E VIE W (ALL CHEMS). 72 2. Treb st, A. a n d Wiet os ka, H. ( 1 9 7 5 ) M o de o f A c tion an d Struct ure Activit y R e lationshi p s o f the Am inotriazinone Herbicide Me tribuzi n I nhi bition o f P h otosy n thetic El ectro n T r ans p o r t in Spinac h C h lo r oplasts by M e t r ib uzin( W ir k u ngsm echanism u s un d Str ukt u r Aktivitatsbeziehungen des Aminotriazinon-Herbizids Metribuzin. Hemmung des Photosy n thetischen Elekt r on en tr an spor ts von C h lo rop l as ten du rc h M e trib uzin ). Z.Nat u rforsc h. 3 0 C : 49 9504 EcoRefe r ence No.: 26095 C h em ical of C once r n: M B Z, DM M C B L ; Habitat : T; Rej ection Code : NO FOREIGN. 7 2 3 Tr ial, J. G. (198 3) A Stud y of Lea f-Processi ng Dis r uption i n St ream s W i t h in Spruce Bu dwor m Su pp r e ssion Pr oj ect Car b ar yl Spr a y Blo c k s In : K G. Stratto n ( E d.) Enviro n. Mo nit. Rep.fr om the 1 9 8 3 Mai n e Spr uce B u dw or m Su p p ressi on Pr oject, M a ine F o rest Serv. Dep of C ons ervatio n, A u g u st a, M E 134 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; Rej ection Code : NO CO NC(CB L ). 724. Trial, J. G a n d Cree, K. L. ( 1 981). T h e Effe ctiveness of Upstream Refugi a for Prom oting Reco lon i zatio n of Pleco p t er a Killed b y Exposu r e to Car b aryl. In : K G. S t ra tto n (Ed ) Enviro n. Mo nit. Rep.fr om the 1 9 8 0 Mai n e C o ope rative Spr u ce Bu dw o r m S u p p ressi o n Pr o j ect, Maine Fo rest Serv. Dep of C ons ervatio n, A u g u st, ME 51 -6 2 ( P ub l As 9 7 8 7 ) Page 381 of 602

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EcoRefe r ence No.: 16301 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; R e j ection Code : N O P U BL AS 72 5. Tsu g e, S., Nis h im ura, T. Kaz a no H., an d T o m i zawa, C ( 1 98 0 ) Upta ke o f Pesticides Fr om Aq ua rium Tank Water by Aq uatic O r ga nism s. J Pestic.Sci. / N i hon N o y a ku gak u K a ishi 5: 5 85593 ( J PN) ( ENG AB S) EcoRefe r ence No.: 6666 C h em ical of C once r n: 2 4 D C AN D, D D T,C B L; Ha bitat : A; Ef fect Codes : ACC; Rej ectio n C ode : NO FOREI G N ( AN D,D D T 24D C, CBL) 7 2 6 Tsuj i, S., Tonog ai, Y., I t o Y., and Kanoh S. (1 986 ) Th e Inf l u e n ce o f Rear ing Tem p er atu r es on the To xicity o f V a rio u s En vir onm ental Po llutants for Kil lifish (Oryzias latipes). J.Hy g.C h em.(Eisei Kagaku) 32 : 4653 ( J PN) ( E NG ABS) EcoRefe r ence No.: 12497 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : Cap t an,CBL,DZ,HCC H ,CuS,C u C l,Cr AC, NaLS, Cd Cl, AgN, PL, BN Z, PbN PbAc, F ML,A ND ,3CE, C F, Mn Cl,Zn C l2 ,DD T ,FeCl3 C rO 3, Hg Cl2 PRN, CTC, Se, Z n, C8OH; Habitat : A; E ffect C ode s : MOR; R e j ection Code : N O F O REI G N( ALL CHEM S). 727. Turner, E. C. Jr. (1986). Stru ctural and Litter Pests. Poult.Sci. 65 : 644 -64 8 EcoRefe r ence No.: 75521 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : BDF,C P Y,PMR,CBL; Hab itat : T; R e j ection Code : NO REVIEW. 728. Tyburczyk, W. an d Podola k -Majczak, M. (1984). E ffect of J o int Action of Sodi um Nitrite and Carba r yl on Ra t' s Orga nism Part I Ser o tonin Metabo lism [Wp l yw Skoj arzo n e go Dzialan i a Azotynu Sodowego I Karbarylu na Organizm Szczura]. B r om atol .C he m. Toksyk ol. 17 : 12 5 130 (P OL) ( E NG ABS ) EcoRefe r ence No.: 87657 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; R e j ection Code : NO FOREIGN( CBL) 729. Uni o n Carbide Chem ical and Plastics Com p any (1991). Letter Subm it ting Multiple Enclosed Studies on M u ltiple Chem ica l s with Attachm e nts. EPA/OT S Doc #86-920000742 1 53 4 p ( N TI S/OTS0 53 507 2) EcoRefe r ence No.: 75195 Chem ical of C once r n: ACL HO X, 4AP, FM L,EG Y,CBL ,T EG,BM N ; H a bitat : AT; Effect C odes : MOR,GRO,BEH,BC M,CEL; Rej ect io n C o d e : O K ( CBL,H OX, FML, EG Y, TEG BMN) ,N O CO C( AD C, CBF, MTAS) NO CONTR O L ( A C L,4AP) 73 0. Uni o n C a r b ide C o r p oratio n ( 1 9 8 5 ) M i scellaneo u s To xicity Studies EPA /O TS Do c # F Y I OT S08 8 5 0 44 3 8 p ( N TIS 00 004 430) EcoRefe r ence No.: 88595 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ADC ; Ha bitat : T; E ffect Codes : M O R; Rej ectio n Cod e : NO CO N T RO L( AD C, CBL), NO I N H A LE(ADC) 731. Upadhyay, R. R. and Upad hy ay, L. (1993). Devel opm ent of Marked Basophilia in t h e Li ver of Heteropneustes fo ssilis by Som e Selected Chem icals. Curr.Sci. 65 : 708 -71 0 EcoRefe r ence No.: 74980 C h em ical of C once r n: C B F ,C B L ; Ha bitat : A; E ffect C o des : MOR,CEL; Rej ectio n Cod e : NO CO NTRO L,EN DP OI NT (AL L CH EM S ) Page 382 of 602

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73 2. Vaisham p ay an A ( 1 98 5 ) M u tage nic Acti vity of Alachl o r, B u tachlo r a n d C a rba r y l to a N2 Fix i ng Cyanobacter iu m No stoc m u sco r u m J Agric.Sci.C a mbridge 1 04: 5 7 1 5 76 EcoRefe r ence No.: 11856 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : ACR,BTC,CBL; Hab itat : A; E ffe ct Codes : POP,CEL; Rej ection C ode : N O E N DP OI NT( A LL CHEM S ) 73 3. Van de r G u lik, J. a n d S p ri nge tt, J. A. (1 9 8 0 ) The Ef fects of C o m m only Used B i oci d es on Slugs Pr oc.N Z .Wee d Pest C ontr o l C o nf. 33: 2 25229 EcoRefe r ence No.: 79821 C h em ical of C once r n: DQT ,CPP ,M A L ,M CPA, TH M TPE,BM Y CBL,DZM ,M OM ,PRT, A CR ,PQT ,PR N ; H a bitat : T; Effect Codes : M O R ; R e jection C ode : OK (M OM ,CB L ,PRT, A CR,P Q T) ,N O EN DPOIN T (DZM) 73 4. Van Gestel, C A. M ( 1 99 2) Validation of Earth w o r m Toxicity Test by C o m p arison wi th Field Stud ies: A Rev i ew o f B e n o m yl, Car b en d azim Car bof ur an, an d Carb ar yl. Ecotoxic ol.E nv iron .S af. 23 : 22 1-2 3 6 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : CBF,C BL,BMY,CBD; Hab itat : T; Rej ection Code : N O RE VIE W 73 5. Van H o of, F. ( 1 9 8 0 ) E v aluat i on o f a n Aut o matic Syste m f o r Detection of Toxic Substances in Surface Wat e r Using T r out. B u ll.Envir o n C ont am .T oxico l 25 : 221 -22 5 EcoRefe r ence No.: 6726 C h em ical of C once r n: C a pta n ,EPR N C d S Z n C l 2,C B L ,M LN ; Ha bitat : A; Effect C ode s : BEH,MOR; R e j ection Cod e : NO CONTR O L(ALL C H EM S). 736. Verm a, A. N ., Sandhu, G S ., and Sa ram m a P. U. ( 196 7) Relativ e Ef f i cacy o f Diff er en t Insecticides as Contact Poisons to t h e Adu lts of Singhara-d Beetle Galerucella-birm a nica Coleoptera C h rysom e l lidae trap abispi n o s ad M e vin p h o s C a rba r yl Bidrin Nicotine Sul f ate Parathi o n Diaz ino n P h os pha m i don D D T M a lathion te J Res.P unj ab Ag ric.U n iv. 4: 4 1 5 4 19 EcoRefe r ence No.: 55198 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L D Z,M L N, NC T N ; Habitat : T; Rej ection C o de : Not Ecossl Species//TAR GET ( M L N DZ ,NCT N,CBL) 73 7. Verm a, S. K. ( 2 0 0 3 ) B i oe ffic acy of Pes ticides Against Pod Borer Lam p ides boeticus L. (Lycaenidae: Lepidoptera) in Sum m er Mung Bean. A n n. Arid Z o ne 42: 75 7 8 C h em ical of C once r n: ES,C B L ; Ha bitat : T; Rej ection C o de : NO TOX DA TA. 738. Verm a, S. R., Bansal, S. K., and Dalela R C. (1977). Quantitative Esti mation of Biocide Residues in a Few Tissues of Labeo rohita and Saccob ranchus fossilis. Ind i an J.Envir o n.He al th 19 : 1 89198 EcoRefe r ence No.: 7708 C h em ical of C once r n: DEM C B L ,C HD; H a bitat : A; E f f ect Codes : AC C; Rej ection Code : NO CO NTRO L,EN DP OI NT (AL L CH EM S ) 739. Verm a, S. R. Kum a r, V., and Dalela, R. C. (1 981 ) Stud ies on th e Accum u la tio n an d Eli m ination of Three Pesticides in t h e Gonads of Notopterus not opterus and Colisa fasciatus. I n d i an J.En viro n.Hea lth 23 : 2 75281 EcoRefe r ence No.: 67523 Page 383 of 602

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C h em ical of C once r n: EPR N C HD,C B L ; H a bitat : A; E f f ect Codes : AC C,BCM; Rej ectio n C ode : NO C O NTROL,E N DPOINT (ALL C H EMS). 74 0. Verstee g D. J. ( 1 9 9 0 ). C o m p ariso n of S h or tan d Long T erm To x i c ity Test Results for the Gree n Alga Se lenastrum capr i cor nut um In : W.W a n g J.W Gor s uc h, a n d W.R.L o w e r ( E ds.) Plants f o r Toxi city Assessme n t, AS TM STP 1 0 9 1 P h iladel p hia, PA 40 -48 EcoRefe r ence No.: 17639 C h em ical of C once r n: AT Z,C B L,SZ, P C P ,C u 2 O C d ; Habit a t : A; E ffect Codes : PH Y, PO P ; Rej ectio n Code : LITE E V A L CO DED ( AT Z,SZ, P CP,C u2O), O K( ALL CHEM S) 74 1. Vicke r s, D. H and B o y d C E ( 1 97 1) E ffect s o f Or ganic I n secticides u p o n C a rb o n 1 4 Upta ke by F r es hwate r P h y t o p lankt on Rep.No .CON F-7 1050 1PL, Pro c .3 rd N a tl.S y mpo s iu m on R adi oecol o gy, O a k Ri dge TN 492 -49 6 EcoRefe r ence No.: 9445 Chem ical of C once r n: TX P, M R X,A N D ,C BL,DL D D D T M P,M L N; Ha bitat : A; E ffe ct C odes : POP,PHY; Rej ection Code : N O E N DP OI NT( A LL CHEM S ) 742. Ville, P., Roch, P., Cooper, E. L., and Narbonne, J. F. (1997). Im m uno-modulator Effect s of PCBs, Carb ar y l an d 2,4 D in th e Ear t hwor m Ei senia fetida andrei: T h e 7t h C o ngre ss of The Inter n atio nal S o ciety of De ve lopm ental and C o m p arative I m m unolo g y D ev. Co mp .I mm uno l. 2 1 : 11 8. Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : CBL,PCB; Hab itat : T; Rej ection C ode : NO ABSTRACT. 743. Vince n t, B., Jiracek, J., Noble, F., L o og, M., Roques, B., Di ve, V., Vince n t, J. P., and Ch ecler F. (1 99 7) Con t r i bu tio n of End o p e ptid ase 3.4.24 .15 to Cen t r a l Neu r o t en sin Inactivation. Eu r J. P h a r ma c o l. 3 34: 4 9 5 3. C h em ical of C once r n: PR T,C B L; Ha bitat : T; Rej ection C ode : NO IN VI TRO. 744. Von Winde gut h, D. L., Eliason, D. A., a n d Schoof, H. F. (1971). T h e Efficacy of Carbary l Pro p o x u r A b a t e and M e th ox y c hlor as La rvi c ides Agai nst Field I n fe stations of Ae des ae gy pti. Mosq.News 31: 9 1 -9 5. EcoRefe r ence No.: 2912 C h em ical of C once r n: AB T M L N,P P X M X C C B L D D T ; Rej ectio n Code : N O E N DP OI NT( A L L C H EM S) Ha bitat : A; Effect Codes : MOR; 74 5. Vosy le ne, M ( 1 9 8 1 ) E ffect o f Se vin o n t h e C onte n t o f th e C a techolam ines in C a rp Tissu es. Exp.W a ter Tox i col.( E ksp.V o d n .T oksik o l.) 2: 1 0 4 12 2 (R US ). EcoRefe r ence No.: 3845 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; R e j ection Code : NO FOREIGN. 7 4 6 Wagn er H. and Gr ev el, J. ( 1 9 82) New Card io activ e Dr ugs I I Detectio n an d I s o l atio n of Car d io to n i c Amin es with I onp air HPLC (N eu e Her z wirk sa m e Dro g e n I I Nach weis und Isolier u ng He r z wir k sam e r A m ine Du rc h L o nen p aa rHPLC Pl ant a Me d. 44 : 3640 ( G ER) (EN G AB S ) EcoRefe r ence No.: 82647 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; R e j ection Code : NO FOREIGN. 74 7. Waka k u ra M Is hika wa, S., a n d U g a, S. ( 1 9 7 8 ) Ultrastr uct u ral He patic C h an ges by Carbam ate Pesticide (Sevin) i n Rats. En v i r o n R e s. 16: 1 9 1 20 4 Page 384 of 602

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EcoRefe r ence No.: 87755 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : B C M C EL; R e je ction C ode : NO EN DPOIN T ( C BL) 74 8. Walke r C H (1 9 9 8 ) B i oche m i cal B i o m arkers a n d P o tentiation of To xici ty Biother a py 11 : 1 13117 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : CBL,B DF,PAH,PCB,WFN,MLN; Hab itat : AT; Rej ection Code : NO RE V I EW (A LL CH E M S) 74 9. Walke r G. ( 1 9 7 7 ) C o ppe r Gr anules in t h e B a rnacle B a la nu s bala noi des. Mar Biol 3 9 : 34 3 34 9. C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; Rej ection Code : NO CO NC, N O S U RV EY 750. Watrin, C. G. and Radcliffe E. B. ( 198 6) Con t ro l of C o lo r a do Potato Beet le Larvae wit h Foliar Insecticides, 1985. Ins ectic.Acaric.Te sts 11 : 182 -183 ( N o 23 4) EcoRefe r ence No.: 88800 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : PMR,CYF,BF T CBF,AZ LC YT,M TM ,M P,CBL; Ha bitat : T; E ffect C odes : POP; Rej ection Code : OK T A RGET(CBL,MTM ),OK(AL L CHEMS). 751. Watrin, C. G. and Radcliffe E. B. ( 198 6) Con t ro l of Po tato Leafh o ppe r Ny m phs with Foli ar Insecticides, 1985. Insectic.Acaric.Te sts 11 : 184 -18 5 (No 23 7) EcoRefe r ence No.: 88801 Ch em ica l o f C o n c ern : PMR,CYF,BF T,CBF,LCYT,MTM MP,CBL; Hab itat : T; Effec t C odes : POP; Rej ection Code : OK T A RGET(CBL,MTM ),OK(AL L CHEMS). 752. Watson, D ., Foster, P ., a n d W a lker, G ( 1 9 95). Ba rnacle She lls as Biom onitori ng Material. Mar Pollut Bul l 31: 1 1 1 11 5. C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; Rej ection Code : NO CO NC. 75 3. Wauc h ope R D. (1 9 7 8 ) T h e Pesticide C o nt ent o f Su rface Water Drai nin g fr om Agric u ltural Fields A R e vi ew. J.E n viron.Qual. 7 : 4 5947 2. EcoRefe r ence No.: 83831 C h em ical of C once r n: D B N D M B,ASA C ,A CR, ATZ, D Z AND ,AMTL, CBL, CBF, C ZE,24 DX Y, DD T,D L D DU E S, E N,FM U,F N F HPT,LNR MXC,PRN,MBZ,MLT, MSMA,PAQT,PRT P C L,PMT,PC H,PPZ,S Z, TXP,TF N; Ha bitat : A; R e jec tion C ode : NO SPECIES. 75 4. Wauc h ope R D. a n d Haq u e, R ( 1 97 3 ) E f f ects of p H Lig h t an d Tem p erature o n C a r b a r y l in Aq ue ous M e di a. B u ll.En viro n.C ont am .T oxicol. 9 : 2 57260 EcoRefe r ence No.: 67428 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; R e j ection Code : NO SPECIES. 755. Webe r, F. H ., Shea, T. B., a n d Ber r y, E S. (1982). T oxicit y of Certain Insecticides to Prot oz oa. Bull .Environ.Cont a m.Toxicol. 28 : 628 -63 1 EcoRefe r ence No.: 15370 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L M LN; Habitat : A; Effect Codes : M O R; Rej ectio n Cod e : NO EN DPOIN T ( C BL, M LN) Page 385 of 602

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75 6. Webe r, J. B ( 1 97 7 ) T h e Pesticide Sc oreca r d T oxic o logical Effects, B i ol o g ical Distri buti ons and the Fate of These Chem ic al s can be Q u a n tified i n a Sim p lified, St raight fo rwa r d M a nne r. Enviro n. Sci.Te chn o l. 11 : 756 -7 61 EcoRefe r ence No.: 19577 C h em ical of C once r n: 24DXY,PCL,ATZ,AMTR,C ZE, PR O,E D T, AN D, HCCH DDT ,D LD ,EN D D V P A CR, BM C,C aptan, DS ,M L N ,PR N ,PRT ,C BL,CBF,CuS, C u,DM B, D U H g,P Y Z; Ha bitat : AT; Rej e ction C ode : NO REVIEW,N O REFS CHECKED. 75 7. Wedzisz A. (1 98 6 ) Pesticides in Plants. I n : H. U.B e rg mey e r ( E d.) Meth ods of En zym a t i c Analysis, Volume XII, Drugs and Pestic ides, 3rd Edition, VCH Verl ag., W e inheim, W.Ger m any 418 -42 5 EcoRefe r ence No.: 89171 C h em ical of C once r n: TV P, N a led,F N T,M L N,C B L PPX; Habitat : AT; Rej ection Code : NO ENDPOINT(ALL CHEM S). 758. Weis, J S a n d W e is, P. ( 1 976) O p tical M a lf or m a t i o n s I ndu ced b y In s ecticides in Em bryos of the Atlantic Silversi de, Menidia m e nidia. Fi sh.Bull.NMFS/NOAA 74 : 208211 EcoRefe r ence No.: 15997 C h em ical of C once r n: M L N DDT ,C B L ; H a bitat : A; E f f ect Codes : P H Y,M O R GR O; Rej ectio n Code : N O E N DP OI NT( A L L C H EM S) 75 9. Weis, P. a n d Weis, J S (1 9 7 6 ) A b n o r ma l L o c o mo t i o n A s s o c i ated with Skeletal M a lform a tions in the S h eep sh ead M i n n o w C y prin od o n va riegatus E x po sed t o M a lathi o n Environ.Res. 12 : 196 -20 0 EcoRefe r ence No.: 15998 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L DDT ,M LN; H a bitat : A; E f f ect Codes : BE H, GRO; Re jec tion C ode : N O E N DP OI NT( A LL CHEM S ) 76 0. Weis, P. a n d Weis, J S (1 9 7 4 ) C a r d iac M a lform a tions a n d Ot her Ef fe c t s due to Insect icides in Em bryos of the Killifish, Fundulus heteroclitus. Ter a tol ogy 10 : 2 63267 EcoRefe r ence No.: 8754 C h em ical of C once r n: D D T, M L N,PR N,C B L; Ha bitat : A; Ef fect Codes : GRO,BE H,M O R,P HY; Re je ction C ode : NO EN DPOIN T ( A LL CHEMS) 76 1. Weisge rbe r I. Klein, an d K o rte, F ( 1 9 7 0 ) C ontri butio ns to Ec ol ogical C h em istry. XXVI. C o n v er sio n a n d R e sid u e B e h a vio r of 1 4 -C A ld rin a n d 14 C -Dield rin i n White C a bba g e Spinac h a n d C a rr ots. Tetrahe d ron 26 : 7 7 9 78 9. C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : ACC; Rej ectio n Co d e : ARCHIVE,NO SOURCE ( A L L CHEM S ) 762. Weiss, C M. (1958). The Determ ination of Cholinesterase in th e B r ain Tissue of T h ree Species of Fres hwate r Fis h a n d Its Inactivation In Vivo. Ec ology 39 : 194 -1 98 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; Rej ection Code : NO I N VITR O 7 6 3 Wells, P. G., W ilson B., and Lub e k, B. M (1 989 ) In Vivo Mur i n e Stud ies on th e Biochem i cal Mechanism of Naphthale n e C a taractoge nesis T o xicol. Ap pl. P h a rm ac ol. 99 : 4 66473 Page 386 of 602

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EcoRefe r ence No.: 88032 C h em ical of C once r n: N A P H ,C B L ; Ha bitat : T; E ffect C o des : PH Y; R e jection C ode : OK (N AP H ) N O CO NTR O L( CBL). 764. W ile, I. (1967). Aquatic Plant Control with Diquat, Fe nac, and Sim azine in Onta rio Farm Po nds Pub lica tio n No.31 Th e On ta rio Water Resou r ces Co mm., Cana da 19 p EcoRefe r ence No.: 18488 C h em ical of C once r n: SZ,C B L ; Ha bitat : A; Ef fect Codes : POP; Rej ectio n Cod e : NO ENDPOINT(ALL CHEM S). 76 5. Wil k ins o n, C F. ( 1 97 3 ) I n se cticide Sy ner g i s m Chemtech 49 2-4 9 7 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L DDT; H a bitat : T; Rej e ction Code : NO REV I EW (A LL CHEMS). 766. W illiam s M. W. and Batj er, L. P. (19 64). Site and M o de of Action of 1-Naphthyl NMethylcarbamate (Sevin) in Thin nin g A ppl es. Pr o c A m. So c H o r t 85: 110 EcoRefe r ence No.: 42292 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : G R O,AC C ; R e je ction C ode : NO CO N T RO L,EN DPOI NT( T ARG ETCBL) 767. W ills, J. H., Jameson, E., a nd Coulston, F. (1968). Effects of Or al Doses of Carbaryl on Man. Clin.Toxicol. 1: 2 65271 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Rej ection Code : NO H U M A N HEA L T H 768. W ilson, A. S., Davis, C. D., W illiam s D. P., B u ckpitt, A. R., Pirm oham e d, M. and Park, B K. (1996). Characterisation of the Toxic Metabolite(s) of Napht halene. Toxicology 114 : 2 33 24 2. C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Rej ection Code : NO I N VITR O ( CBL). 769. W ilton, D. P., Fetzer, L. E. Jr., and Fay, R W. (1973). Insectic ide Baits for Anopheline Larvae Mosq.News 33 : 198 -2 03 EcoRefe r ence No.: 13956 C h em ical of C once r n: F N TH F NT,C M P H,C B L,MXC,MC B,CPY,RSM; Hab itat : A; E ffect C odes : MOR; Rej ection Code : NO ENDPOINT( R SM,MCB,MXC,CBL,F NTH), O K ( FN T, CPY, CMPH ). 77 0. Wit k o w s k i, T (1 9 7 3 ) Sig n ifi cance of C h em ical Im provem e nt o f t h e E n viro nm ent fo r th e Soil Nem a todes ( N em atoda). Pa rt II O b ser v atio ns up o n S u rvi v al of the Soil N e m a todes in Aqueous Solut i ons of Herbicid e Substances (Znaczenie C h e m izacj i Srodowiska Dla Nicieni (Nem atoda) Gl ebowych. Cze s c II. Obserwa c je Nad Przezywaniem Nicieni Glebowyc h w Wodnych R o zt worac h Prepa r atow C h wastobojczych). R o cz.Gle boz n. 24: 3 67387 (POL) (EN G AB S ) EcoRefe r ence No.: 58751 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; R e j ection Code : NO FOREIGN( CBL) 771. Woel ke, C E. (1972). Developm ent of a Receiving W a ter Quality Bi oassay Criterion B a sed on the 48-Hour Pacific Oyster (C rass ostr ea g i gas) Em bry o Tech. R ep N o.9 Wa sh .D ep .of Fish., Seattle, WA 93 p Page 387 of 602

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EcoRefe r ence No.: 58783 C h em ical of C once r n: Na PC P, DDT,HCCH,PRN,CBL; Rej ectio n Code : N O E N DP OI NT( A L L C H EM S) Hab itat : A; E f f ect Codes : GR O; 77 2. Wo o d wa r d D. F. a n d M a uck W. L. ( 1 9 8 0 ) To xicity of Fi v e Fo rest Insecti c ides to C u tth r o at Tr ou t an d Two Sp ecies of Aqu a tic In v e r t ebrates. Bu ll.En viro n.Con t am.Toxico l 25 : 84 6-8 5 4 EcoRefe r ence No.: 5618 Chem ical of C once r n: CBL, DDT ,TCF ,FN T ,ACP; Ha bitat : A; E ffect Codes : MOR; Rej ectio n Code : NO CONTROL(ALL CHEMS) 77 3. Wu F F ., Stachy r a, A ., a n d Viglierc hio, D R. ( 1 992). T h e Cap acity of Soil Microbial Isolates form Non-fum i gant Nem a t i cide St ressed Heterodera sch achtii Greenhouse C u lture Stocks to Inactive Non-fum i gant Nem a ticides. Fun dam.App l.Nematol. 15: 1 93200 EcoRefe r ence No.: 74724 Chem ical of C once r n: FM P, CBF,A DC,OM L ,CBL; Ha bit a t : T; Effect Codes : POP; Rej ectio n Code : N O E N DP OI NT( A L L C H EM S) 774. Wu, R. S. S., L a m P. K. S., a n d Z h ou, B. S. ( 199 7) Eff ects of Two Oil Disp er san t s on Ph ototaxis an d Swim m i ng B e havi ou r of B a r n acle La rvae Hydr o b iol ogi a 35 2: 91 6 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; Rej ection Code : NO M I XTUR E,O I L. 775. Xu, F L. Daw s on, R. W., Ta o, S., Li, B. G., and Ca o, J (2002). System -Level Res p ons e s of Lake Ecosystem s to Che m ica l Stresses Usi n g E n ergy a n d Structural E x ergy as Ecol ogical In dicator s. Chemos phere 46 : 1 73185 EcoRefe r ence No.: 81425 C h em ical of C once r n: AT Z,C B L, BFT,HXZ,PMR,PCP,C u ; Ha bitat : A; R e j ection Code : NO REVIE W ,M O D EL IN G. 77 6. Yam a shita, S. and Y o koi, M (1 9 7 4 ) A n io n Inactivatio n by Q u in one s. Jpn K o ka i:37 7-37 9 (JPN ) EcoRefe r ence No.: 8765 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; R e j ection Code : NO FOREIGN. 77 7. Yan N. D. M ackie, G. L., an d Dillon, P. J. ( 1 9 9 0 ) C a dm ium C oncentrations o f C r ustac ean Zo opla nkt on o f A c idified an d N onaci dified C a nadia n S h ield La kes. En viro n.S c i.Techno l. 24 : 13 6 7 1 37 2. C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : A; Rej ection Code : N O SU RV EY 77 8. Yar d im E. N. and E d wa rd s, C A. ( 2 00 3 ) An Ec on om ic C o m p arison o f Pesticide Ap pl ication Regim e s for P r ocessing Tom a toes. Phyt oparasitica 3 1 : 51 -6 0. Chem ical of C once r n: P AQT T FN,CBL ,ES EFV,C T N; Ha bitat : T; R e jec tion C ode : NO M I XT URE. 779. Yar d im E. N. and E d wa rds, C. A. ( 1 998) The E ffects of Chem ica l Pest, Disease a n d Weed M a nagem e nt P r actices o n t h e Tro p h ic Str u ct ure o f Nem a to de P o pulatio ns in T o m a to Agroecosyste m s. Appl. Soil Ecol. 7: 13 71 4 7 Chem ical of C once r n: EF V,P AQT ,TF N ,CT N ,CBL,E S; H a bitat : T; R e je ction C ode : NO M I XT URE. Page 388 of 602

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780. Yasuno, M ., H i rakoso, S ., Sas a M and Uc hida, M ( 1 965) I n activation of Som e Or ga no p hos p h o r o us I n secticides by Bacteri a in Polluted Water. J p n J. Exp.Me d. 35 : 54 5-5 6 3 EcoRefe r ence No.: 15271 C h em ical of C once r n: DZ ,C B L ; Ha bitat : A; Rej ection Code : NO C O C(DZ). 78 1. Yawetz, A ., M a nelis, R an d Gasith, A ( 199 3) Cho lin ester a se En zym a t i c Profiles and the Ex pos u r e of Fish t o O r gan o p hos p h o r us a n d C a rbam ate Pesticides in I s rael Wa t e r Sci.Technol. 27 : 465 -47 2 EcoRefe r ence No.: 13643 Chem ical of C once r n: CBL, M LN,M OM ,P RN; H a bitat : A; E ffect C o des : MO R, PHY; Rej ectio n Code : NO CONTROL( M O M) ,N O CONC( CBL,MLN,PRN) 782. Yokoyam a T., Saka, H., Fuj i t a S., and Nish i u chi, Y. (1988). Sensitiv ity of Japanese Eel, Anguilla j a ponica, to 68 Ki nds of Agricultural Chem ica l s. Bull.Ag ric.C h e m .I ns p. Stn 28: 2 6 33 (J PN ) (EN G AB S) EcoRefe r ence No.: 8570 C h em ical of C once r n: ACP,Ca ptan,C BL,CTN, D M T ,DS DZ ,F O, H X Z,M D T,M L N,M O M PP G, PSM ,TET ,CY P ,F VL, PMR,TFR,Cu,Cu S ,PC P ,IZP,MCPP1 ; Hab itat : A; Ef fect Codes : MOR; Rej ection Code : NO F O REI G N ( AL L CH EM S ) 783. Yokoyam a V. Y., Pritc har d J ., a n d D o well, R. V. (1984). Laboratory Toxicity of Pesticides to Ge oc oris pal l ens ( H em iptera: Ly gaeidae ) a P r edat or i n C a lifor nia C o tt on J.Econ .En t omol. 77 : 1015 EcoRefe r ence No.: 88497 C h em ical of C once r n: AC P C B L,DM T,M T M EFV M T A S ; Ha bitat : T; Effect C ode s : M O R ; R e jectio n C ode : NO EN DPOI NT( M TA S) ,O K TARGET(AC P,CBL,DMT,MTM,EFV). 7 8 4 Youn g, G. R. (1 979 ). Bio l og ical an d Ch em ical Control of Ostr inia furnacalis Guenee (Lepi d optera: Pyralidae) on t h e Ma inland of Papu a Ne w Guinea. P a pua New Gui n ea A g ric.J. 30: 2 1 2 4. EcoRefe r ence No.: 57587 C h em ical of C once r n: D D T, C B L ; Ha bitat : T; E ffect Codes : GRO P H Y, PO P; Reject ion C ode : N O O M pH,T ARG ET(CBL) 7 8 5 Yu, S. J. ( 1991 ). In secticid e Resistan ce in th e Fall Ar m y wo r m Spod op ter a fru g i p e rd a (J. E. Smith). Pestic.Biochem.Physiol. 39 : 8 4 -9 1. EcoRefe r ence No.: 73599 C h em ical of C once r n: MOM,PMR,C Y P,C Y T,BF T,TMT,FVL,DZ,C PY,M P CBL, T DC, D D V P S PS,TLM ,M LN ,FN V ; Habitat : T; Effect C ode s : MOR; Rej ection C ode : OK TARGET(ML N,F V L,C Y P DZ),T A RGET(B F T). 786. Yurawecz, M. P., Drei fus s P. A., a n d Kam p s, L. R. (197 6). Determ ination of Hexac h loro 1, 3-B u tadien e in S p inac h, Eg gs, Fish a n d M ilk by Electr o n C a pt ure Ga s-Liq u id C h r o m a tograp hy J A.O.A C.(Assoc.O ff.Anal.Chem.) Int. 59 : 552 -55 8 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Rej ection Code : NO D U RA TI ON ,N O SUR V EY. Page 389 of 602

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787. Zeakes, S. J., Hansen, M. F., and R obel, R. J. (1981). In creased Susceptibilit y of B o bwhites (C olin us vir g in ianus ) to Hist o m onas m e leagr i di s After Exposure t o Sevin Insecticide. Av ian Dis. 25: 9 8 1 9 87 EcoRefe r ence No.: 39507 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : P H Y M O R ; R e jection C ode : NO EN DPOIN T ( C BL) 78 8. Zh u, Y. G. Hu ang Y. Z., H u Y. a n d Liu Y X ( 2 00 3 ) I o dine U p take by Spi n ach ( S pi n acia oleracea L.) Pl ants Grown i n Solution C u lture: E ffects of Iodi ne Species and Solution Concentrations. En v i r o n In t. 29: 3 3 3 7. EcoRefe r ence No.: 71281 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : A C C GR O; R e je ction C ode : NO COC( IODN) TARGET( CBL). 789. Zi mm er m a n, R. J. and C r anshaw, W. S. (1990). Com p atibility of Three Ent o m ogenous Nem a todes (R habditida) in Aqueou s Sol u tions of Pesticides Used i n Turfgrass Maintenance. J.Econ .En t omol. 83 : 97100 EcoRefe r ence No.: 71366 Chem ical of C once r n: PCB, D Z ,H g,CBL,C P Y ,BDC ,BM Y D M B ; Ha bitat : T; E ffect C o des : M O R ; R e jectio n C ode : LIT E EVA L CO DE D( DZ, D M B ), OK (A LL C H E M S), O K TARGET(CB L). 790. Zinkl, J. G., Henny, C. J ., and DeW e ese, L. R. (1977). B r ain Cholinesterase Activities of B i rds fr om For e sts Sp ray e d w ith Trichl or f o n (Dy l ox ) a n d C a rba r y l (Se v in 4 O il). Bull.Envir o n.C ont am .T oxicol. 17 : 379 -38 6 EcoRefe r ence No.: 35539 C h em ical of C once r n: C B L ; Habitat : T; Effect Codes : B C M; Rej ection Code : NO ENDPOINT(ALL CHEM S). H.3. ECOTOX accepted references relev a nt to carbaryl degredates, ci ted within th e risk assessm ent or used for d e riv i ng sp ecies sensitivity distributions H.4. ECOTOX accepted references relev a nt to carbaryl degredates, no t utilized or cited within th is r i sk assessm ent H.5. List of exclusion term s utilize d f o r revie w ing studie s conside r e d f o r ECOTOX database Review --all toxicity tests reported el s e wh ere If th e pub lic a tion is applicable to one of the ECOTOX databases the biblio gra p hy is skim m e d and any applicable articles are ordered. Met h o d s n o u s able to xicity tests. R e p o rts o f m e thods o f c o n d u cting tests, dete rm ination o r pu rification o f chem icals, etc. Methods publi cations a r e sele ct ed to be o r de red f o r the EC OTO X t oxic o l ogy m e thods inf o r m ation file (M ethfile). Page 390 of 602

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Modeling on ly, no n e w o r g a nis m ex po sur e data. Mod e lin g studies m a y repo rt origi n al to xicity tests per f o r m e d as c o m p arison s or as a basis f o r e x tra polatio n; o r de r the pa pe r i f it is n o t clear fr om the abstract. Other am bien t c o nditi ons --effects on organis m s fro m changes in c onditions ot her than addition of chem icals, includi ng ra dioacti v ity, ultraviolet light (UV), tem p erature, pH salinity diss olved oxy gen ( D O), or ot her water air, or soil para m e ters. B i ol ogi c a l T o x i cant --i nclu des ve nom s, f u n g a l toxin s Bacillus t huri ngiensi s ot her pla n t, a n im al, or m i crobial ext r a c ts or to xins Dru g -testin g fo r dr ug ef f ects an d sid e e ff ects Effluen t sewa ge, o r pollute d ru n o f f Mix t ure --no single c h em ical tests re ported. Nutrie nt st udies--i n situ chemical s tested as nutrients. No Species -n o or ga nism present or teste d o r una ble to ve ri fy a s p ecies or exp o s u re o f de ad or ga nism In Vi tro stu d ie s, incl udi ng ex pos u r e of cell cultures an d e x c i sed tissues Bacteria as tes t or ga nism includin g Mi cr ot ox tests, or ot h e r m i crobial o r ganism s. Yeas t as a test or ga nism is historically not c o ded in EC OT O X No To x icity Da ta --publications which are n o t to xicolo gy s t udies. Hum a n Health effects; studies with hum a n su bj ects or with an im a l su bj ects as su rr og ates fo r hu m a n health risk a ssessm ent. No C o nc en tr atio n-n o usab le d o s e o r con centration reported; identified af ter exam ination of full paper. Incl udes lead -s hot stu d ies w h i c h lack d o se in fo rm ation or gi ve only num ber of pellets. C o ncent r ations rep o rte d only i n lo g u n its are not c o ded Sediment Con c entration--che m i cal concentrati on rep o rte d i n se dim e nt onl y Sedim e nt studies are c o de d for AQ UIRE only if a water c once n tratio n o f the a dde d c h e m ical is also re po rted; or de r t h e pu blication if unclea r from the a b stract. No D u ra tion reported, identified after exam i n ation of full paper. Incident pa pe r s -rep o r ts o f a n im al deaths by pois o n, etc. La cks usa b le concentra tio n or d u ratio n or b o th Surve y st u d ies--m easurin g a m ounts o f c h e