Southern Caver

Material Information

Southern Caver
Series Title:
Southern Caver
Gregory Middleton ( suggested by )
Southern Caving Society
Publication Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
Applied Speleology ( local )
Regional Speleology ( local )
Resource Management ( local )
serial ( sobekcm )


General Note:
The Southern Caving Society was formed in April 1965 and in July 1967 commenced publication of "Southern Caver" as its quarterly newsletter. At the time of the 1996 amalgamation of SCS with the Tasmanian Caverneering Club, it was agreed that Southern Tasmanian Caverneers would continue to publish "Southern Caver" in the form of an occasional paper as and when suitable material was available. The publication has in fact appeared approximately annually in recent years and has generally carried reprints of otherwise difficult to obtain reports relating to caves in Tasmania.
Open Access - Permission by Publisher
Original Version:
Vol. 4, no. 3 (1973)
General Note:
See Extended description for more information.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
K26-03736 ( USFLDC DOI )
k26.3736 ( USFLDC Handle )
21364 ( karstportal - original NodeID )
0157-8464 ( ISSN )

USFLDC Membership

Karst Information Portal

Postcard Information



This item has the following downloads:

Full Text
The Southern Caving Society was formed in April 1965 and
in July 1967 commenced publication of "Southern Caver" as its
quarterly newsletter. At the time of the 1996 amalgamation of
SCS with the Tasmanian Caverneering Club, it was agreed that
Southern Tasmanian Caverneers would continue to publish
"Southern Caver" in the form of an occasional paper as and
when suitable material was available. The publication has in
fact appeared approximately annually in recent years and has
generally carried reprints of otherwise difficult to obtain
reports relating to caves in Tasmania.


"SOUTHERN CAVERM Published Quarterly by the Southern Caving Society. *. -. i* 'b. L. Postal Address: \ P,O.Box 121 ,Mooqah,7009.Tas, t.. Club Room: ? 132 Davey Street,Hobart. I c -. S ,i \ --pEditors: Aleks Terauds and Bob Cockerill Magazine Committee: Dave Elliott Ron Mann -p Volume 4. Kumber 3, January, l 973 CONTENTS Editorial ................. Cave Fauna,Part 2 A. Terauds ......... Attitudes to Tourist Caves K.Kiernan ...... A Word from the Magazine Committee ....... Cavers Carless? A.Terauds ........... .............. Back Issues in Stock .......... AVisit to Rocky Cape M.Cole Aspects of Conservation at MC M.Cole ;> .... .......... Area ~eports, Jan.31. ....... 'A Story of Three Wellsf D.Elliott Socisty Notes R,Man.n. .............I


IN the September 1972 issue of the 'Journal of the Australian Institute of Agricultural Science' the Editor, John J. Lenaghan begins his Editorial as follows: ''Put simply, an editor's function is to compile a respectable journal and help both its readers and coatr%butors. And surprising though it may seem to some, an editor also needs help. l' The 'Southern Caver' does not attempt to emulate, either in quality of content or literary merit, the standard of journals such as the one of the A.I.A.S. And, our definition of respectable is a far cry from that of the above journals. Nevertheless, J.J. Lenaghanfs comments apply to us as equally as to the readers for whom they were produced. The editors of the 'Southern Caver' help the reader by . providing a magazine with a balanced load of subject matter, as much of it as possible pertaining to the subject of most interest to them, namely caving, We help the contributor by decipherink articles, correcting 'bad' grammati~sl errors and minimizing changes from the original as much as possible, beaieving that whatever is lost by a lack of flow in the prose, much more is gained by having the topic tr'eated as much as, again, possible, in the ''spoken words .of the auth.or1'. The editors, magazine comniittee and the production of the magazine are ..% not helped by articles not arriving on time or being withdrawn or by contributors not delivering as promised, Ail of the latter make the editors more proficient in composing contents pages (we change these at least five times for each issue) but do nothing -. to assist us to produce a 'respectabled magazine on time.


Tasmanian Cave Fauna. Pt.2. What It Consists Of. By Aleks Terauds When one enters into a cave and brushes against, trips over or is attacked by one of its inhabitants one should not immediately grab it, bottle it and send it to the local expert to be identified. This is not only from the point of view of conservation; the chances are that a beasty that obvious has already stepped on, tripped or bitten some one else and carries a scientific name tag a yard long. I shall, for the purpose of this discussion,divide our. cave fauna into three groups. The first one consists of those beasties that are extremely co,mmon and/or obviousp A good example is the glow-worm, Arachnocampa (~rachnocampa) tasmaniensis Ferg., a species of fly known from caves of probably all of our major caving areas. It is fairly safe to say that we have only the one species here, so collection of further specimens is unnecessary. Yet, more information on the distribution of this insect within our caves could be of value and I would, therefore, urge cavers to note the insect's presence and abundance in all new caves they visit and enter this information into their trip reports just as naturally as they note particulars about equipment used or difficulties encountered. Another very common insect is the cave cricket or weta, insects belonging to the family Rhaphidophoridae. They are usually found just within cave entrances and at night outside the caves. The following species have been described from our caves: Micropathus cavernicola Rich., Southern Caver (3) January, l973


M. fusca Rich., T!i. tasmaniensis Rich., M. montanus Rich., Parvotettix rangaensis Rich., P. goedei Rich., 2. maydenaensis Rich. and Cavernotettix flindersensis (chop.). Collections of cave crickets should be made from areas, not necessarily individual caves, where the insect has not been collected to date( see Goede,1967 and Richards, especially 1370, 1971 and refer Tables 1 3 ) There are two other arthropods commonly seen in Tasmanian caves, easily recognizeable and which should.. not be collected without prior request from particular authorities investigating them. They are the Cave Spider, Hickmania troglodytes (Higgin* and Pettard) and the small freshwater crustacean, Anaspides tasmaniae (~homson), In my second group of cave animals I have placed those that will be obvious to the collector but will be seen only rarely by the average caver who is not interested in biospeleology. Most of the cave fauna described in the last ten years or so in Australia belongs to this group as too, a wealth of material must still be here to be discovered and described. However, before any concerted efforts to collect are made, the works of the authors mentioned below should be consulted and specimens taken only from those caves where a particular species has not been as yet collected ( see my previous article onwasteful collecting). The more prominent members of this second group are the cave beetles Idacarabus troglodytes Lea and I. cordicollis Xoore. h he former species has been collected only from Ida Bay, the latter from Hastings; a further, as yet undescribed species has been collected from Mole Creek and recently another one from PBI at Precipitous Bluff Moore, pers. comrn.) The other cave beetles we know from Tasmanian caves are Tasmanorites flavipes Lea, Southern Caver (4) January, 1973


Tasmanotrechus cockerilli Noore, (loedetrechus medumae Noore, G. parallelus 1Yoore (see Moore 1967, l972), Cryptophagus troglodytes Lea, Cyphon doctus Lea and Licinoma sp. (see Hamilton-Smith, 1967). In thls grouping I place, also, the three species of paeudoscorpion, Pseudotyrannochthonius tasmanicus Dartnail, P. typhlus Dartnalh (see Dartnall, 1370) and the undescribed species of the above genus (see Goede, 1970), the two species of hakvestman, Monoxyornma cavaticum Hickman ( Goede, 1967, op.cit.) and Monoxyomma sp.n. (see 'ater) and the two species of slaters (~sopoda), Echinodillo cavaticus Green and S-tyloniscus nichollsi Vandel (Green, 1967, 1970). Other examples of what might be included in this group are the sphaerocerid flies collected by nyself in 1968 and the following species of insect listed by G-oede (1967, op.cit.): the crane flies (~ipulidae), Monophilus sp., Limnophila sp. and Trichocera sp. and a species of stone fly (~lecoptera), Eusthenia spectabilis. Ny third group of cave arthropods contains those that will not be visible in their natural habitat to the naked eye; they are mostly very small or live a concealed existence in litter and cave debris. They include mites (~carina), millipedes (~iplopoda), centipedes (Chilopoda), spring-tails (Collembola) and psocids (Psocoptera). All of these have to my knowledge been collected in Tasmania at some tirrle or other -but very little material has been submitted for identification. The usual way to collect these small creatures is to scoop up cave litter, debris, rotten organic material such as wood, remove this to the laboratory and separate the arthropods from the inanimate matter by some method such as flotation or heat/light extraction (~erlese funnels). This last group presents .tremendous scope for Southern Caver January, 1973


rewarding collecting and exciting discovery. I would urge, therefore, cavers to collect debri from one or two 'live1 caves in each of our caving areas as part of our new programme of collecting cave fauna. All material collected from caves should be examined before being submitted to an authority for identification. The collector should ensure that what is sent away is really the insect or whatever and not just a piece of wood; the scientist will probably be as amused by the latter as by having to search through a pile of cave rubbish allegedly or supposedly containing something that could be alive. Yet, I would recommend one to err on the side of rashness and send to a coleopterist the common house fly as a new species of beetle rather than to Isit' on collected specimens (as many of us have done), repeating bashfully that they are probably of no value at all. Collectors should not sit on information, either, wheather it consisits of sightings of a particular cave inhabitant or data obtained in personal communicationv unless, of course the latter consists of priviledged information. Wnat I refer to here is the letter from the expert about the specimens referred to him, where he states or infers that he will not pursue the matter any further. About four years ago Emeritus Professor V.V.Hickman, the noted arachnologist, wrote to one of our members about some harvestmen and spiders sent to him for identification; the harvestmen from three caves at Mole Creek were identified as~Monoxyomma sp.n. all the same species, probably a new speciesu; others from Scotts Cave were identified as Paranuncia gigantea Roewer and from Battomless Fit, St. Maryls, as Odontonuncia saltuensis Hickman, The spiders from Bottomless Pit (collected 1/6/68) were identified as ~ycuoctenus ---.---C.-. sp., from a fissure in Mt. Southern Caver (6 > January, l973


~rrowsrnith'(20/7/68) as Meta sp. and from Scotts Cave (10/6/6?) as Rubrius sp. Prof. Hickman noted that "the three spiders are probably all new speciesM. This data should have been nade available to biospeleologists everywhere. I trust that nothing sirnilar is being sat on. Refererices Dartnall, A. J. (l 970) Some Tasmanian Chthoniid Pseudoscorpions. Proc,Roy.Soc.Tasm 104:65-68. Goede,A. (1967)Tasmanian Cave Fauna:Character and DistriSution, He&ictite,5:71-86. Goede, A.(1972)Distribution of Tasmanian Cave Fauna. Proc.8th Nat.Conf. A.S.F. Hobart,l970. ---p Green, A.J.A.(1963)A New Species of Echinodillo (Isopada, Oniscoidea, ~rmadillidae) from Flinder Island, Tasmania. Yroc.R9y.Soc,Tasm '* 7 97:j+80, Green, A.J.A.(1970)Stylonoscidae (IsopoE,Oniscoidea) from Tasmania and New Zealand. Proc.Roy.Soc. p-Tasm,,105:59-74., -Hamilton-Smith,E. (l 367) The Arthropoda of Australian Caves.J.Aust.ent.Soc 76~103-118. Moore, E.P.(1967)New Australian Cave Carabidae (~oleoptera). Proc.Linr1. Soc.N.S.W 91 :l 79-184. --v 'lioore, B. P. (l 972) A Revision of the ~ustrzian Trechinae (~oleoptera: ~arabidae). Aust.J.Zool., Suppl. Ser No.18,I-61. Ricliards, A.M, (1 964) ?he Rhaphidophoridae (~rthoptera) of Australia, 1: Tasmania. Pacif.1nsects 6:217223, Richards ,A.N. (1966) The Rhaphidophoridae (~rthoptera) of Australia, 3: A New Genus from South-Eastern Australia. -Ibid.8:617-628. m Richards,A.M. (1 9681The Rhaphidophoridae (~rthoptera) of Southern Caver (7) January, l973


Australia.Part 6. Two Eew Species from Northem Tasmania. Ibid. l0 : 167-1 767 -Richards, R.DI. (l 970) The lihaphidophzidae (Orthoptera) of Australia.Part 8. Two New Species of Parvotettix Richards.lbid.72:l-8. -Ricbards ,A.F1. (l 971 )The ~haphidophoridae (Orthoptera) of Austra1ia.Par-t 9. The Distribution and Possible Origins of Tasmanian Rhaphidophoridae, with Descriptions of Two New Species. Ibid. 13: -, 575-587. Williarns,W.D.(1965)Subterranean Occurrence of Anaspides tasmaniae (Thornson) (Crustacea, Syncarida: .1nt. J. Speleol 1 :333--337. 9(vide Tables 1-3, below) Southern Caver January, l 9 73


Table 1. Cave 1:'aurla of the I5ole Creek District ---Common Scientific Cave Reference Name PJame Narako opa Various ~illiams, 1965 Author Shrimp Slater Georgies Hall Baldocks Herberts Pot Scotts Westmoreland Herberts Pot Cow CavePyramid Link l Green, 1970 Harvestmen Monoxyomma --. sp.3. Scotts Roewer Hickmania Spiders Author Various see text Scotts PseudoscoCpion Georgies Hall Baldocks Narako o pa Other Cave criclce ts Little Trimmer '~ichards, l968 Sco-tts 9 Richards, l971 Baldocks Little Trimmer Richards.1966 Tiersey Hill l~ichards; l970 Scotts Marako opa Wet Cave $ Goede, 1967 Lynds Westmoreland Others Author Georgies Hall Cave beetles scot%s Moore, 1972 Herberts Pot 4 Baldocks Unspecified S Moore, 1973 Pyramid Cave knthor Idacarabus sp. -----Flies Hiscellan. 9h.aerrocera spp. Acarlna, Diplopoda, Chilopoda, Collembola, DipteraaVarious-Caves by Author and others. Southern Caver (9 January, 1 973 --


Table 2. Cave Fauna of the HastingsArea Caves Common Scientific Name Nam 2 Cave Reference Shrimp Slater Spider Pseudoscorpion Cave cricket Cave beetle Glowworms AnaU ide ae Eewdegate ( Thornson) Goede, 1967 e S;tyl;n~i.cus nlc o s1 King George V Green, 1970 Vandel Hickmania -. ) Various Author Pseudotvranno" chthonlus tasKing George V manlcus DEFfnall Dartnall, l n7n Micropathus ~olff Hole tasmaniensis Newdegate l~ichards, 1964 Richards King George V Richards l968 Idacarabus Newdegate cordlcollis King George V 1 Noore,1967 Noore Ara~~locampa (flrachnocampa) various Author tasmaniensls Ferguson Southern Caver (10) January, l973


Table 3. Cave Fauna of the Junee-Florentine Area Common Scientific Name Name Cave Reference r. u v "..A" U "A -&*-C L and others Author Cave Hi clrrnania spider Welcome Stranger and others Author Cave Micro athus crickets -is Uns ecified R Richards, 1964 Cas ion Creek Richards, l968 Klchards Tassy Pot Richards, l971 Parvotettix maydenaensis Welcome Stranger Cashion Creek ] Richards, l971 Richards Undetermined Various Author GlowArachnocam a worms Cashion Creek a) Grqwling swallet Goede, 1967 TZTEiianienEis Jmee Cave k'erguson Udens Ala Others ] Author Cave Goedetrechus beet] 2 Cashion Creek Frankcombe 1 Noore; 1972 PseudoPseudotyralmoScOrPlon cbthonius sp. Un.specified Goede, 1970 NOTE: Tables 1 3 are not to be considered as exhaustive reviews of literature on cave fauna in the three respective areas. They have been com-&ed primarily as a guide to prospective collectors in this Society Similarly, the reference 'Author' is not intended to necessarily claim discovery ~f the arthropod referred; it merely indicates a personal sighting and confirmation of identificat-ion in the absence of a readily available report in the literature. "t ( %> January, 1973


Attitudes to Tourist Caves by Kevin Kiernan. Recently there has been considerable talk of tourist caves and caversf responsibilities or otherwise towards them. It is difficult to assess the attitudes of the Society, or a majority of members, towards tourist caves, but it seems to me very obvious that appreciation of them by cavers is quite low, Indeed, it even seems that to some a cave is ended by opening to tourists. To them, the placement of a light or installation of a handrail stops the beauty of a cave forever. It is easy to understand this attitude, but is it really fair? To them it seems that all responsibility for that cave immediately leaves their shoulders to reside upon a desk in the Tourist Department. Surely whether we like it or not, because we are cavers we have certain unwritten responsibilities. Is this attitude not merely an attempt to brush them under the carpet? Personally, I find both the above outlooks rather alarming in the damage they may permit. Caves are quite unknown to most people. We as cavers do our best to keep them that way, by not disclosing whereabouts or details, by gating, or by keeping their very existence a secret, all in the name of safety, and/or conservation. Then when an area is threatened we wonder why we are the only ones worried, why the popu%t&wonft support us. It seems to me that when a threat arises we are faced with two basic problems. Firstly, one that may not be too popular, that is, that we will only receive as much support from conservationists as we have been prepared to give them, and Tasmanian cavers have a miserable history of dismal failure to help conservationists in the past. The second is that people do not understand caves, talk as we may, display photographs as we may, there is nothing like the real thing, obtainable in a tourist cave. Surely then, all people and organisations interested in caves should feel a strong responsibility towards encouraging tourist development. Tourist caves stand as our only really practical way to demonstrate to the populaoEwhat a cave is, why and how it needs protecting. As cavers of today we are cave custodians for tomorrows cavers. We must grasp tourist caves as a vital part of conservation practice, promoting their development from the opening of a new cave, be it Kubla or Exit, to the sealing of the Hastings or Mole Creek roads, our whole enthusiasm and drive should be behind it, both on the Club and personal level. Southern Caver January


Let us strive to do our utmost to assist in any way possible to bring about the maximum4ffect and benefit of such a development, from the placement of a light, aesthetic design of a walkway, concealment of electcic wires, or pleasant access above ground. A cave will not be destroyed by opening, and if we help we can minimise damage by ensuring development will be properly done. Fle may not have control of a cave, but our advice will still often be respected and heeded. Think about it. Tourist caves are one of the few things we have going for us, one of the few ways of getting the cave message across. Some now look upon opening a cave for tourism as a sacrifice. Let us instead look upon it as an investment in the future, and a very real advance in conservation. A WORD FROM THE T!LAGAZI~E COMMITTEE Hope springs eternal in the collective breast of the Magazine Chmmittee. Astute readers will have noticed that we rashly went on record in the last issue promis.:ing good things to come, two of which have failed to materialize. well, you can't win them all ... perhaps next time? Having, we hope.,ieamed our lessan, we are not going to tell you what we have in store for you in the next issue. We will, however, tell you why we are late id appearing again. It comes down to much promise and tardy perfokmance on the part of some of our would be .con-. tributors who do, not realize that there are such thinga as a dead line to be met. Similarly, much time and effort copld'have been spared if all copy was submitted legibly written, double spaced and typed, if possible. One of the things we do want to do in a future issue is to give a full account of the ~recipitous Bluff matter. Our readers will know that in the preliminary miners court hearing, the granting of the mining licence for the area wzs refused. Subsequently, we launched an expedition to PB and want to record our results. Southern Caver (113) January, l 973


'Cavers Aren't Really Careless They Just Try Harder1 by Aleks Terauds. The car is a necessity to the active caver: to store beer cans in the boot, keep souvenir cave mud on the seats, display / helmets on back window ledges and to drive from cave sites to pubs for refreshments. Some of us use cars even to go to cave areas, but that is only incidental. However, when we become carless we really feel it. Which brings us to the point of this article, how careless can we be before we become carless? There is a story told but, of course, without any truth in it, about a caver who rang up the Hydro Electric Commission to tell them about a hydro pole broken off about one foot from the ground, swinging in the wind, supported only by its wires. The H.E.C. thanked the caller profusely for his public spiritedness; the caller, because of natural modesty, refrained from revealing his name. The conversation finished, the caver staggered out of the phone booth, stepped into his slightly dented car and drove off. Some of those old VWts could certainly take it! More recently, and this tale is, also, completely made up, another VW driver-caver blamed his blind navigator for not noticing that the road took a sharp turn to the left and kept,going straight ahead. The barbed wire strands of the fence tore off a couple of bumper fixtures, the windscreen wipers, and left several deep scratch marks along the bonnet and roof of the car. A fewwll calculated turns of the steering wheel, a fast drive through the paddock and past the farm house (from the latter a womanfs voice was heard to express harsh disapproval) and the caver drove out through the gateway back onto the road to proceed tranquilly to where ever he was going. Fortunately, the ni@tts cloak of darkness shrouded the participants so that we may never know who reail'y did what. A caver who believes his car can take it was said to have been dared to change back into second gear while doing 55 m.p.h. He did. Three miles further on the steam from his exhaust pipe resembled World k'ar I1 smoke screens. Motorists behind him were said to have pulled over to the side of the road. Another five miles and two gallons of water later the car ground to a stop with the radiator bone dry and water running out of the exhaust pipe. Still the caver was not worried. After all, it was only the third head gasket he had blown in five years and 80-odd thousand miles. Southern Caver January, l 97 3


h he same -bloke had a hard luck s-y about a drunken telegraph pole which a couple of ye&s ago, at 4a.m. on New Year's Day, stepped out into the middle of the road and sideswiped him. This happened two hours after he had blown both his offside tyres on a walk-about footpath). All lies, of course. There is no need to repeat the story about the caver who hunted rabbits with his vehicle. "There is one It the cry went. The car shot forward, there was a thump and another bunny joined the evening's barbeque at Mole Creek. And, everybody knows how a caver underestimated the size of a pothole in the middle of a road and went down with his car. The rescue party got him out at four o'clock the following morning, Equally familiar must be the tale of how one of us keeps losing his four wheel drive job; they just won't go when the mud and slush is above the cabin floor level. Reader, before you get the wrong idea of cavers, let me illustrate how gentle speleos really are. They love animals big and small, people fat and thin. Some even love cars. Itla true, as this last fabrication must prove: A caver drove from the city of his residence to a metropolis near a prospective caving area in his beloved vehicle, took a hire car, drove it over mountain and river, track and paddock, through swamp and scrub and finally back to the hiring point where 91s car had been resting, recuperating, while the other was working the rough terrain. The caver drove his darling car home. The car thanked him. They are still together, and so very, very happy. *+**+ BACK ISSUES IN STOCK The availability of back issues of the 'Southern Caver' is as follows: Vol.1. No.1, Eil Vo1.3. No.1. 3 No.2, Ril No.2. 25 Vo1.2. No.1. 5 No. 2. 3 n'0.3. 10 (~01.3, had only 3 Nos.) Copies mqbc purchased from the Editors, price 256 each, plus 12jd postage Southern Caver (1 5) January, l973


A Visit to Rocky Cape National Park by Mike (~ich) Cole. Recently the first visit by the Society to the Rocky Cape National Park was undertaken as part of a trip to the Montagu and Redpa caving areas. The park, which was proclaimed on the 21st June, 1967, consists of an area nf 4,000 acres situated fifteen miles west of Wynyard front* on Bass Strait extending from Rocky Cape in the west to Sisters Beach in the east and the area contains six aboriginal sea caves and five small grottos. We visited two of the sea caves named North and South Caves respectively. The two caves were formed by the action of the sea when the previoussea level was about 70 to 100 feet higher than at present, presumably about 250 to 500 thousand years ago. North Cave is 30 feet high, 12 feet wide, and is about 60 feet in depth, whilst South Cave is about 6 feet high at the entrance, increasing to 25 feet high inside and extending inwards 150 feet as a narrowing oblique cleft. Both caves had been regularly occupied until about 300 years ago and then only occasionally until the extinction of the Tasmanian aboriginals. Large middens were evident at the entrancesto both caves. They contained hundreds of shells, bones and heaps of stones. It was also interesting to note that the temperature in the caves was very much warmer than their limestone ~ounterp~mts. After visiting both caves and the surrounding sea shore we were of the opinion that the aboriginals no doubt lived quite a pleasant life and it was pleasing to note that apart from a recent bush fire the general park was unpollut ed.and presented a very tempting aea-scape. . Bibliography The Tasmanian Trap No. 18 January, 1968. (H.w. C. ) Southern Caver January, l973


Aspects of Conservation in the Hole Creek Area by Mike (~ich) Cole. With the Precipitous Bluff issue being the first threat to one of our caving areas the Society has had to face since its inception, the conservation of other areas nust be seriously considered as our main objective for the present and immediate future. Immediately, conservation of our premier caving area, Mole Creek, readily springs to mind. What problems exist and what has the Society done to preserve and protect this area? Unfortunately the answer to the latter partion of this question could be dealt with quite explicitly on a piece of paper the size of a bus ticket, so I shall endeavour to discuss the existing problems, to offer a few suggestions and to outline a campaign to preserve the area. As the majority of the caves are situated in a wellpopulated .rural area and are therefcre well known to the public many instances of blatant vandalism have been witnessed. Two years ago, when almost out of Pyramid Cave after traversing the route from Cow Csve members of the Society were amazed to see a group of boy scouts collecting formation for their rock collections, and recently a thief was almost caught in Lyndls Cave with a bag on his shoulder which would have contained at least 20 to 30 pounds of booty. Action xust be taken to prevent this, but when will the Society begin to act? Perhaps signs could be placed inside the caves wi3h appropriate itamings. If there is no finance available I am sure co-operation could be sought from the 1-ocal councils, State Tourist Department, local lardohners and perhaps large business organisations in the S-bate for financial assistance to build gates on the cave entrances. If positive action is not forthcoming the problem shculd at least be submitted to the Australian Speleological Federation for advice and assistance. Trips must also be organised to clean up the carbide dumps and ru-bbish that are so evident in caves such as Kubla Khan, and perhaps discussions with many of the landowners who are filling the entrances to many caves situated in dolines on their with rubbish. A threat has also appeared approximately a mile due West of the Mole Creek township on the Mersey River Valley. David flitchell Estate L.imited have began mining operations, and the large rock crushing ?lant, conveyor belts and the large portion of land already mined is clear evidence that they intend to be Southern Caver


around for quite a while. Whilst the area being mined has no caves of any significance; what will happen when the supply of limestone is exhausted is pure conjecture. Perhaps the hill with the magnificent little cmc known as Toboggan Cave in it, being only about $ mile South East of the mining area may be next to go. Rock samples have already been taken from Wet Caves Hill. Apart from the exploration of the Nole Creek area, the Southern Caving S-ciety has not shown any inclination to act in matters concerning the conservation of the Nole Creek area. As the Society is now seven years old many questions lie unanswered. As an example, if a minjnq operation colrmenced mining the Wet Caves system what action could be taken by the Society to prevent this. Apart from one or two articles in different journals dealing with Speleolo~y, the surveying of Kellyts Pot and a handful of photographs, ~rhal, real evidenco has the Society to show that most members have spent hundreds of hours underground in the system. Can we prevent a limes-tone mining concern by vaguely telling them that the hlll to 5e mined is filled with a cave if a survey or other evidence is not available? I m or~ani~in~l; E. "Eave Mole C2eekU canpaign immediately and all future trips will be crgdnised with this plan in mind. Pathways of fluole;c,-nt stric? ::re to be laid on formation which parties cannot avoid LT. or?sr to mc?int~in the one route instead of several bei~g UCEJ h:,'y acd slowly destroying large sections of cave. 7i".;sc -.ill be leid on zu~h pl-aces as the ttGolden Stairstt in ItC? c SY: l!, ~.;d in ''Ik~bla Khantf, "Georgies Hall", and "Herbe~ts ?otu, etc. 91s~~ sips advising parties of the correct route to talra wJl 1s e~ected in all caves. All rubbish found in the caves a?(: fn -':h r;:iro?a:2ine; areas will be removed, all caves will LP SU?_CG;;;C~~ e:i':0.~101ogi~al finds will be recorded, photographs will 77.2 cstaln:. 2;' aili 2. ccmglete dossier of the area is to be compiled. Reprxs 01 the campsign will be published ,, .ud the newsletter. regularly in th2 "Soucher CL-~C-~" YOUR SUFP32T IS RXEDED ?TOY! Southern Caver (118) January, l973


AREA REPORTS November 1 to January 31 ......................... The activities of the Society in Che field during this period were varied and included a number of 'taurist' trips, some interesting scrub bashes, some surveying; and a massive attempt involving other Australian speleo groups on the Precipitous Bluff limestone, The following areas were visited by our cavers (with the number of trips and the number of paricipants) : Mole Creek ( 6 trips, 31 participants); Hastings (7, 36); ~ontagu/~edpa (2, 7); Junee (2, 6) ; Trowutta (1,4) ; Flowery Gully (1, 4) ; Surprise Bay ( 1, 4); Gunns Plains (1, ?); Precipitous Bluff (1, 15). According to the trip reports the purposedof the expeditions were : Mole Creek Mostly for 'tourismf and photography. New members were introduced to or older members revisited the following caves:Baldocks, Croesus, Georgies Hall, Honeycomb I an3 l$, Kubla Khan, Ghishkebab and Wet Caves. An exploratory trip went to Paragon Vaults in Herberts Pot. Hastings Some surveying, includkg the Newdegate Tourist Caves, touris%ing in Wolff Xole and King George V, serious trip to Waterloo Swallett and an aborted experiment at fluorescening where 'in the dark of night the dye was mistakenly injected downstream instead of upstream of the manned station!. ~ontagu/~edpa ~x~loration and numbering of caves 'in (according to Kevin ~iernan) this the first organized caving trip to a caving area (~asmanian) more distant than any other from Hobartf. The first cave visited had its two entrances Southern Caver ( l,9] January, l973


numbered Ng 208 and 202; one of the entrances had in it @old wooden ladder. The exploring party went through a decorated chamber containing three deep pools, the last of which had tc be swum, then a fourth pool, a number of small chambers, crawls and the like to a further, decorated chamber containing many old bones on the floor. About 800ft of the cave were explored in the three hours underground. Five other entrances were numbered in subsequent surface work. June e Surface work only, one of the trips accidenttally so because the party was bushed in the bush at 2 a.m. during a rainstorm and could not find their way underground. Trowutta An exploratory party found eight caves, Flowery Gully Explored and numbered Vanishing Cave,FG 202 and Flowery Gully Cave, FG 201. Surprise Bay The following caves explored; the numbers are used for reference only7as,the party had no numbering tags and could not put on the official numbers: Beach Cave, SB 20%: small passage.30ft long, 3Oft above sea level, about 50 yards from the?beach; SB 202: entrance hole 2ft in diam., cave leading downwards at an angle of 30 degr.; 202 is about 100yds from 201; SE 203,Surprise Arch: &n arch a,houtc'20ft long close to the next cave, 'SB 204 which has ah impressive entrance 20ft in diameter ending in a shallow chamber containing rounded limestone pebbles; there is next a 30ft long passage in which was seen a high aven with coloured flowstone. Gunns Plains A trip mainly to number caves, with some new work. Southern Caver (20 ) January, l973


WELL, WELL, WELL If you glanced through the trip reports for the quarter, you may have noticed an apparent decline in activity. Appearances, however, can be deceptive, as much work was channelled into a novel way of raising urgently needed funds for the Society., President J~hn McCormackls method cf raising a fast buck (in the form of a substantial cash donation) was to undertake to clean out a convict built well, about ninety feet deep, on a drought stricken Richmond progerty. The task involved most members of the Society over several weekends. Those particularly active in masterminding the project were Bob Cockerill, John McCormaclP and Ant Sprent. Special mention must also be made of the great effort by John Ward, Lee Gleeson and Graeme Watt, wh* worked unchanged at the bottom of the shaft throughout the final clearing operation. '9 ********-***-X********************++ STOP PRESS A finance committee has been appointed by the Executive to inquire into ways and means of raising funds. Committee members are A.Sprent, M.Cole, P.Andrews and Treasurer R.Mann, Several suggestions are already under consideration, of which more later, ERRATUM On p.20, please read Mg 201 instead of Mg.208. Southern Caver January, 1973


SOCIETY NOTES: by Ron Mann Greg Blake (ex S.C.S.) returned to Tassie for a short holiday and showed up at a meeting to renew old acquaintances. Greg stayed only a couple af weeks and is now back in the land of Kiwis. .................................... Steve Street walked into the clubrooms during the film evening completely surprising everyone. Steve has been in New Zealand on a working holiday and returned home via Qld., N.T. and W.A. Be intends to stay for a while, although there are rumours that he plans a trip to the caving areas of Europe and U.K. with Ron Mam, We were pleased also to welcome Victorian exile Gray Wilson who visited us briefly before walking in Cradle Mt. ***+***-h?**************************** Our congratulations to Kay and Rarry James en the arrival of a daughter Teena Ann. *****-E*****++************************* The P.B. Barrel on Jan. 25th was a great success. Australian Caving was well represented by such names as John Dunkley and Greg Middleton. Among clubs represented were S.C.S., I.C.C., U.Q.S.S., C.Q.S.S., N.Z.S.S., S.S.Su, UNSWSS, and SUSS. My apologies for any omissions, but I did not get to meet everyone of the considerable number present. *******X%-************+***************** Southern Caver January, 1973