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Southern Caver

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Title:
Southern Caver
Series Title:
Southern Caver
Creator:
Gregory Middleton ozspeleo@iinet.net.au ( suggested by )
Southern Caving Society
Publication Date:
Language:
English

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Applied Speleology ( local )
Regional Speleology ( local )
Resource Management ( local )
Genre:
serial ( sobekcm )
Location:
Australia

Notes

General Note:
The Southern Caving Society was formed in April 1965 and in July 1967 commenced publication of "Southern Caver" as its quarterly newsletter. At the time of the 1996 amalgamation of SCS with the Tasmanian Caverneering Club, it was agreed that Southern Tasmanian Caverneers would continue to publish "Southern Caver" in the form of an occasional paper as and when suitable material was available. The publication has in fact appeared approximately annually in recent years and has generally carried reprints of otherwise difficult to obtain reports relating to caves in Tasmania.
Restriction:
Open Access - Permission by Publisher
Original Version:
No. 60 (April 2005)
General Note:
See Extended description for more information.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
K26-03780 ( USFLDC DOI )
k26.3780 ( USFLDC Handle )
21408 ( karstportal - original NodeID )
0157-8464 ( ISSN )

USFLDC Membership

Aggregations:
Karst Information Portal

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Serial

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Description
The Southern Caving Society was formed in April 1965 and
in July 1967 commenced publication of "Southern Caver" as its
quarterly newsletter. At the time of the 1996 amalgamation of
SCS with the Tasmanian Caverneering Club, it was agreed that
Southern Tasmanian Caverneers would continue to publish
"Southern Caver" in the form of an occasional paper as and
when suitable material was available. The publication has in
fact appeared approximately annually in recent years and has
generally carried reprints of otherwise difficult to obtain
reports relating to caves in Tasmania.



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PO Box 416 Sandy Bay, Tasmania 7006, Australia ISSN 0157 8464 SOUTHERN CAVER No. 60 April 2005 Watercolour by S. Ray Lighton, of new chamber in Newdegate Cave, Hastings December 1946 Occasional Journal of Southern Tasmanian Caverneers Inc.

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Southern Caver, No. 60, April 2005 page 2 Editorial What is Souther n Caver? Southern Caver was the newsletter/journal of the Southern Caving Society, a group founded in Hobart on 7 April 1965. Volume 1, number 1 was issued in July 1967. The editor was not identified but a list of past editors in Vol. 10, no. 4, p. 25, indicates the first editors were B. James and R. Cockerill. The numbering system of 4 issues per volume continued until the fourth issue of Volume 12 in May 1981. The magazine had never had a regular publication schedule but from No. 49 (December 1981), issues were allocated consecutive numbers and it formally became an occasional publication with issues being released when sufficient material was obtained by the editor (at that time, Stephen Harris). This arrangement continued until issue No. 59, published in August 1995 (edited by the late Jeff Butt). No further issues were produced before the society amalgamated with the two other southern Tasmanian caving bodies Tasmanian Caverneering Club and Tasmanian Cave and Karst Research Group in December 1996. During the amalgamation negotiations it was agreed that Speleo Spiel (the original TCC newsletter, the first series of which commenced in December 1960) would continue as the newsletter of the combined group (which took the name Southern Tasmanian Caverneers) and Southern Caver would be the groups journal, to be issued as material of sufficient quality was produced. It seems that Speleo Spiel has been able to accommodate all material produced to date by STC and no further issues of Southern Caver have eventuated. Certain material in the combined archives which has never been published but may be of interest to members and others has been brought to my attention by Arthur Clarke. A single copy of such material in one location is both difficult of access for members and in danger of being lost or destroyed. It has therefore been agreed that such material might be compiled and issued, occasionally, as further numbers of Southern Caver. This journal will not be printed (except for a few library copies) but will be made available in digital format (PDF) through the STC website. This first issue of the revived Southern Caver carries material put together in the early 1960s for the 5th issue of the Bulletin of the Tasmanian Caverneering Club, which was never published. It has been edited only in relation to spelling and grammar. Some footnotes have been added. The letter from Norbert Casteret is an unrelated, unpublished item from the archives. The editor would welcome correspondence from any person able to add to, or comment on, the historical material contained in this issue or to provide more. Greg Middleton ozspeleo@optusnet.com.au Copies of Southern Caver in pdf may be downloaded freely from STCs website at www.lmrs.com.au/stc Southern Caver Occasional journal of the Southern Tasmanian Caverneers Inc. PO Box 416, Sandy Bay, Tasmania 7006 Australia www.lmrs.com.au/stc ABN: 73-381-060-862. ISSN 0157-8464 Issue No. 60, April 2005 Contents Croesus Cave [author unknown] 3 Accuracy in cave surveying M.H. de Vries 7 Report on Pyramid Cave R.P. Webb 11 Detailed bibliography of Tasmanian caves Albert Goede 13 Bibliography of previous publications by T.C.C. Albert Goede 16 TCC Library stocklist Feb. 1963 Albert Goede 18 A letter from France Norbert Casteret 22 The views expressed herein are not necessarily the views of the Editor or of Southern Tasmanian Caverneers Inc. This work is copyright STC 2005. Apart from fair dealing for the purposes of private study, research, criticism or review, as permitted under the Copyright Act, no part may be reproduced by any process without written permission from the publishers and the inclusion of acknowledgement of the source. STC was formed from the Tasmanian Caverneering Club, Southern Caving Society and Tasmanian Cave and Karst Research Group. STC is the modern variant of the oldest caving club in Australia.

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Southern Caver, No. 60, April 2005 page 3 CROESUS CAVE 30th January 1960 A uthor unknown LOCATION Croesus Cave is located on the bank of the Mersey River approximately two miles south of the township of Liena. The location is just upstream of the area of cultivation on the left bank of the river on the edge of the State Dedicated Forest on the right bank. ACCESS Access is by car along the Mersey Valley fore stry road for four miles then by a two mile long logging road turning off at the mill. This road is unsurfaced and narrow but has a fairly easy grade which can be negotiated by a car even after fairly wet weather in its present unsurfaced condition. Vehicu lar access is to within fifty yards of the cave mouth. GEOLOGICAL HISTORY Very briefly the cave is located in massive, solid Gordon Limestone identical to the rock encompassing the other caves in the area. Croesus is a comparatively young cave which has de veloped to its present stage in about six to ten thousand years according to the Club's geologist, Mr. K. L. Burns B.Sc. The cave debouches onto an old flood plain of the Mersey River of approximately this age and the regular roof height and lack of steep grade to the cave creek all point to a geologically recent formation. The direction of the cave is controlled by the strike of the beds and the cave exhibits the typical dog leg pattern common to most of the big cave systems in the Mole Creek area cons isting of a long, high passage along the strike of the beds followed by a shorter, lower passage where the cave crosses a stratum before repeating the long passage along the strike of an adjoining stratum. Structurally the rock is extremely strong and at no place in the cave is there any danger of a rock fall. DESCRIPTION OF THE C AVE The total length of the cave is between 5,000 and 5,500 feet, of which the first 4,000 feet are of interest for tourist development. The entrance is narrow and low with the s tream occupying most of the passage so that it is necessary to crawl through the bed of the stream to effect an entrance. Immediately after the first crawl of ten feet the roof rises into a medium sized chamber with an average roof height of eight feet and dimensions of 70 feet by 40 feet. The chamber has an excellent sandy floor strewn with boulders of limestone and one cluster of stalagmites. Leaving this chamber by a low passage approximately five feet long, one enters the next section of the cave. This section (known as The Pipe) is a long stream passage corresponding to the strike of the rock; it contains some fairly good pieces of formation comparable to the poorer parts of Marakoopa and runs completely straight for 980 feet. The average roof heigh t is between 10 and 15 feet and the average width is between 30 and 40 feet. At the conclusion of this section the creek is dammed by the first of a series of natural obstacles which results in the floor becoming a series of still pools varying in depth be tween two feet and twenty. These pools, held back as they are by crescent shaped dams of formation, are one of the scenic features of this cave. In other caves these gour pools are pointed out by guides as formations of particular interest in Marakoo pa an artificial pool of this type is used as a reflection pool and in King Solomons Cave the formation known as the Rice Paddies is of the same type. In Croesus this type of formation covers the entire floor on a much larger scale. Shortly after these dams commence the walls and roof of the cave become richly ornamented with the usual array of calcite

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Croesus Cave Anonymous Southern Caver, No. 60, April 2005 page 4 formations. The main impression gained of these formations is that of size, some of the flowstone formations on the walls are tremendous. One formation, known as The Snow Bank is 60 feet long and 25 feet high, it is composed of pure white calcite exhibiting a myriad of crystal faces which reflect light from their surfaces like a giant kaleidoscope. Time permits only the mention of some of the more spec tacular formations like the Red Shakoe a huge stalagmite coloured a rich chocolate and rising almost to the ceiling 40 feet above the stream. The Zulu's Head is also worthy of mention, this is a huge corrugated canopy which looms out of one wall and forms an arch 50 feet long and 20 feet high over the stream the gleaming moisture and rich colour making it look like the work of a skilled craftsman in bronze. By contrast the pale yellow symmetry of the 40 foot high Tower of Hanoi, looking like a Chi nese temple and entirely dominating the Oriental Chamber, resembles a huge carving in ivory. Further along the cave is Tapestry Chamber which possesses a natural stage for a party to stand on and watch the shawls being illuminated from the other side of the cave. These shawls used to number over forty but uninvited vandalism has reduced this to about thirty first class calcite draperies, some of which are almost as good as the magnificent shawl in the Gunns Plains Cave. Shortly beyond this chamber the easy part of the cave comes to an end with the Golden Stairway, a huge stepped formation in rich golden coloured calcite. The formation takes its name from the two or three foot high steps of formation up which it is easy to clamber the entire ninety feet of its height. This formation is the highlight of the cave and photos of it have appeared in several publications including a double page spread in Walkabout 1 Beyond this point the nature of the cave changes completely and the rest of the journey alte rnates between 1 Walkabout (July 1953) Vol. 19, No.7. pp .22 23. A photo of the Golden Stairway also appeared on the cover of the May 1954 issue of Walkabout GJM. [Photo. 1] scrambling through narrow passages in the talus and crawling in muddy passages where the head room is no mere than eighteen inches. The cave terminates abruptly in a lofty chamber with a small opening to the surface about 150 feet above the floor. SUGGESTED DEVELOPMEN T In the preparation of this report the Club has consulted with such of its members and ex members whose professional qualifications in the fields of mining, geology, construction and electrical installation would be of service This report is a brief compilation of these people's opinions as submitted to the Club, the individuals would be available for private consultation should the need arise. (1) EXTERIOR The cave is situated on the edge of a plain in close proximity to th e Mersey River where good fishing and boating is available. It makes a good starting point for tours of the Forestry roads at present under construction in the Mersey and Forth Valleys. It is a comfortable days walk to the top of the Western Tiers. Wit hin four hundred yards of the entrance to the cave there is a second cave debouching onto the Mersey River at the foot of a spectacular cliff. In view of these potentialities it is suggested that a motel could well be built on the bank of the river adjoini ng the cave and possibly expanded to include a golf course and a riding stable. The amenities of the accommodation would provide an additional attraction to the area and the presence of the other cave (also worthy of development) would ensure the need of even further development. Once the road had been widened and surfaced the area would become readily accessible. If it was not thought desirable to build an extensive unit at first it would be quite possible, due to the isolation of the area, for the cave to be locked at night and for the guide to travel to the site each day as was done at Marakoopa for many years.

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Croesus Cave Anonymous Southern Caver, No. 60, April 2005 page 5 Photo. 1. The Golden Stairway, Croesus Cave. Photo by H. Fairlie Cuninghame. From cover of Walkabout, vol. 20, no. 5, May 1954. (2) INTERIO R Only in two places in the entire cave would it be necessary to raise the roof height in order to allow easy access. At the mouth of the cave a distance of 12 feet would need tunnelling out to a height of six feet and at the point where access is now gain ed by crawling from the first chamber into The Pipe another tunnel approximately 10 feet long would be required. At no other part of the inspection is there any need to be concerned with roof height. Transport within the cave is a problem to be contend ed with since many tourists would be incapable of walking the 3/4 mile each way. This could be overcome by the installation of a narrow gauge railway powered by electricity. This could be used for about half the distance, at which point a

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Croesus Cave Anonymous Southern Caver, No. 60, April 2005 page 6 small dam three feet in height and fifteen feet in length would raise the level of the river sufficiently to enable a boat to be used for about three hundred yards. The final four hundred yards through Tapestry Chamber to the Golden Stairway could best be seen on foot. The cave is almost entirely level, the greatest angle of elevation measured being less than 1 along the bed of the stream. This would enable a small electric train to effect the journey easily. In the interests of safety, in the event of a power failur e an auxiliary petrol motor would take the train down grade to the mouth of the cave, the natural ventilation is more than ample to remove any traces of exhaust fumes. Boats have been used in tourist caves quite extensively in other parts of the world but the novelty of the train would prove a great draw for tourists since this mode of travel is not used in any other tourist cave in the world. 2 LIGHTING The problem of lighting any cave is extremely difficult. In Croesus we feel that considerable use shoul d be made of side and back lighting to give depth and perspective to the formations. The sparkling effect of the crystal formations can only be seen if the light falls on the object from the side. Providing this type of lighting and the switch circuits t o control the lights means an extra outlay during installation but we feel that the added aesthetic appeal of the cave as compared with flat frontal lighting would amply repay the additional expense. The type of lighting plant now in use generally seems t o be quite satisfactory but sufficient power would have to be supplied to enable the train to be used at the same time as the normal cave lighting plant. PRESERVATION Some years after the discovery of the cave by members of the T.C.C. the committee, becom ing afraid that the number of people visiting the cave without the official knowledge of the Club would result in 2 A train has carried tourists about 3 km into Postojna Cave in Slovenia since 1872 GJM. damage to the formation either by misguided souvenir hunters or outright vandals 3 made a strong suggestion that the cave be given effective p rotection. After several years of negotiations with various departments it was finally decided to erect a barrier and grille at the entrance. The Club had previously suggested this, and offered a suggestion that the best protection was concealment. We s uggested that the people building the barrier should adopt the plan used by previous Club parties and not approach the cave from the same direction more than once. We further suggested that the grille be erected inside the cave at the end of the first cra wl so that it would not be seen from the outside and so that a person trying to make an illegal entry would be unable to apply any force to the gate. However a road was bulldozed to within fifty yards of the entrance and a barrier was erected outside the cave. This combination of a road, a track and a barrier only served to whet the curiosity of visitors and assure them that a previously unimportant crack in the rock was worthy of investigation. Within a month the barrier had been forced and since that ti me the flow of illegal visitors has increased and with this increase there has been an increase in senseless vandalism and wanton destruction. Editors Note: This article reflects attitudes at the time it was written. It is most unlikely that the deve lopment proposals outlined would find any support among Tasmanian cavers in 2005 GJM. 3 A hand written note with the or iginal typed manuscript continues at this point: This unfortunately happened and the original gate proved ineffectual, being placed at the entrance (and was easily forced) however thanks to the Minister for Public Works, the Hon. D. Cashion, and the Minis ter for Tourism, the Hon. A. Atkin who personally accompanied the Club along with senior officers of the Tourist Dep t. the Club was engaged to build and place a gate inside the first crawl. This has been done. The upper entrance and new entrance were fou nd by the Rover Scouts of Launceston.

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Southern Caver, No. 60, April 2005 page 7 ACCURACY IN CAVE SURVEYING For the beginner M.H. de Vries B.A During the 19 years or so of the Clubs existence, many of its past and present members have voiced th eir opinions on why and how caves should be surveyed. EXISTING SURVEY TYPE S At the present moment we produce three main types of surveys, the types being determined by reason of survey which, in turn, determines the degree of accuracy required. 1. Magneti c bearings by handheld prismatic compass (mean error 5), pacing (mean error 10%), no elevations. 2. Compass and Abney level on camera tripod (mean error 2%), distance fibreglass tape (mean error 1 foot). 3. Artillery gun Director Unit on camera tripo d (mean error, theoretically, elevations 0, turned angles 001), distance fibreglass tape (mean error 0.5 feet). WHY SURVEY CAVES? There does not appear to be any constantly applied rule for determining what cave is to be surveyed and what method is t o be used. Let us then recapitulate on some of our principal reasons for cave surveying. 1. To obtain some graphical record showing the general outline and size of the cave. 2. To obtain a map of the cave on which one may plot data such as location, exten t and type of formations, river levels, structural details, (eg faults, joints, etc). 3. To determine whether a point X inside a cave is located under or beside a point Y on the surface, etc. No doubt one could think of many other reasons. It is felt that the above three examples will prove an invaluable guide when determining the question of mean error to be allowed. The previously mentioned three main types of survey will be found to coincide approximately with the three examples above. Thus we have the use of hand held prismatic compass and distance by pacing for obtaining a rough record showing the general outline and size of cave. It is only with the third type of survey where we have troubles which have to be solved if we wish to preserve the stated accuracy of the instrument used. Experience has shown these troubles to be of the following kinds: a. Incorrect placing of instruments. b. Incorrect placing of sighting lights. c. Incorrect manipulation of instrument. d. Incorrect notation of data. e. In correct handling and reading of tape measure. Again, experience has shown that these problems can be minimised if the following points are kept in mind: 1. Reason for accuracy Every member of the team must realise that accuracy is of the utmost importan ce when using an instrument which gives turned angles only. It is true that on our maps one cannot draw an angle of 0 [one minute] or significantly show an altered depth of 0 [a vertical angle of 5 minutes], or a corrected distance accurate to one inch. The criterion of accuracy is to determine whether the hypothesis, that point X inside the cave coincides with point Y on the surface map is true or false. This can be proven trigonometrically without the need to draw a map at all. Hence, all readi ngs must be logged correctly, not rounded off to the nearest figure.

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Accuracy in cave surveying De Vries Southern Caver, No. 60, April 2005 page 8 One must remember that an error made, say, on station 7 will throw all subsequent readings out of accuracy. This was illustrated in the Croesus Cave survey and again in the Wet Caves wher e parts of the cave had to be re surveyed. 2. Placing of instruments So far we have always mounted the Clubs Gun Director Unit, weighing several pounds, on a lightweight aluminium Linhoff camera tripod. This has ruined the tripod which cost over a nd caused the instrument to fall over several times resulting in temporary damage. Accuracy was out of the question most of the time. A firm wooden tripod and suitable swivel mountings must be procured so that the instrument can be given a stable base. (S ubsequently a proper instrument tripod was purchased.) Furthermore, a line and plumb bob should be used to make sure that the instrument is directly over the station, not 6 inches away. 3. Placing of sighting lights When selecting survey stations, pleas e keep in mind that there must be sufficient room around the station for the tripod and the operator. Very often the next station on the cave floor cannot be seen through the telescope. Standard procedure is to place the sighting lamp several feet above the station, usually at chest height. This naturally leads to errors. e.g. displacement of lamp from station, variable vertical distance of lamp above station (see Fig. 1). This can be satisfactorily overcome by fastening a small one cell torch on a br acket which can be clamped against a 5 foot pole calibrated in inches (see Fig. 2). Vertical displacement is controlled by a liquid level fastened onto the pole. Thus, if instrument height is 4 7, then the forward chainman fastens the sighting lamp at 4 7, creating a sighting line which runs parallel to the actual line between stations. 4. Manipulation of instrument When setting up the instrument on a new station, the following drill is recommended: a. Set vernier on 0 00 (below eye piece), set azim uth scale on 0. Therefore the reading directly below the front of the telescope is 180. b. Level instrument (bubbles) and check line for displacement. c. Note instrument height. d. Swing complete unit onto previous station, lock main controls, check inst rument level. e. Traverse telescope onto forward station, check instrument level. f. Take readings. 5. Logging of data a. Field Book record distance, elevation, turned angle in centre column. Other details in outside columns. b. Field Plot to be d rawn to scale, record outlines and features; show station numbers, offshoots. Ballpoint pens of various colours are helpful.

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Accuracy in cave surveying De Vries Southern Caver, No. 60, April 2005 page 9 6. Handling of tape measure The fibreglass tapes now in use are quite accurate and ideal for cave surveying. Note: They are NOT flameproof! Usual practice is for the forward chainman to run out the tape, the recorder taking the readings. The tape must be free from all objects, held as taut as possible and true distance read to nearest inch. Over distances in excess of 50 feet one may need to correct for slack tape. We now come to the final stage of the survey that is, the trigonometric calculations. We wish to show that point X (station 6) coincides with point Y on the surface map. To do this we need to calculate the d istance between stations 1 and 6 in a straight line on an imaginary horizontal plane, and the bearing of this line. We can also determine the vertical difference between X and Y (see Fig. 3). 1. Convert all inches to decimals of feet. (1in. = 0.083 ft.) 2 Resolve all tape readings to horizontal and vertical readings (Fig. 3a). E.g. station 1 to 2. d = 37 = 37.166. Inclination = +12. Fig. 3 1. abcdef on one horizontal plane. 2. d is true distance measured. 3. turned angles known at 2, 3, 4, 5. 4. elevations (x) known

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Accuracy in cave surveying De Vries Southern Caver, No. 60, April 2005 page 10 ab = 37.166 x cos 12 = 36.33. 2b = 37.166 x sin 12 = 7.866 + [?] 3. Calculate height of station 6 ab ove station 1. i.e. 2b 3c + 4d 5e + 6f = feet. 4. Prepare rough sketch of plane abcdef (see Fig. 4). On this show all available data. The vertical lines can correspond with magnetic N S line, the angle from a to be being magnetic bearing. 5. R esolve all turned angles to obtain x angles. 6. Calculate horizontal components and add ( p+q+r+s t = Y). Calculate vertical components and add (+i+j k+l+m = Z). 7. From Y and Z calculate distance a to e and angle, from which the bearing can be obtained. This data (7) can then be transferred to the surface map to test the hypothesis. If a map of the cave has been drawn one can use the data (7) to check the accuracy of the plot which shows up as the degree of displacement of station 6 from point e. Fig. 3a About the Au thor Photo: G. Middleton M.H. (Rien) de Vries joined TCC in 1956 and took on the positions of Quartermaster and Keeper of Archives. He became Ho n S ecretary in 1958 Vice President in 1959 President in 1960 and held other offices subsequently. R ien saw the need to document caves and took a particular interest in surveying. He helped cut the first track to Exit Cave from the Lune River q uarry He continued caving into the 70s and retains an interest in caves. He will shortly move to his new property at C ollinsvale which he has named Croesus after one of his favourite caves.

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Southern Caver, No. 60, April 2005 page 11 R EPORT ON PYRAMID CAVE [Mole Creek] R. P. Webb Editors Note: Unfortunately the map referred to in this paper was not kept with the manuscript and has not been able to be located in STCs map archives in 2005. If it turns up at a later time, well publis h it. GJM DISCOVERY AND EXPLOR ATION I discovered the entrance to this cave quite by accident whilst searching for Honeycomb 2 on 26th December 1961. I found a sink hole with an opening in the side and, entering this, crawled along a low wide cave for a hundred feet to emerge in an adjoining doline. On the other side of the doline was a large cave mouth (point 1 on the map). I called to my family who were waiting nearby and we went in. We saw enough to suggest that this was a new and quite extensive cave and that night Pat and I returned to explore it. We penetrated as far as points 8 and 10 on the map and surveyed as far as we had explored. Our hope for further exploration lay in the pitch at point 8 and the crawls beyond point 10. It was not until Easter 1962 that we again entered this cave this time accompanied by Frank Brown, Graeme Wilson and three other club members. We laddered the pitch and explored the maze of phreatic passages and water filled rifts on the lower level. This portion of the system is not shown on the map as it has not yet been surveyed. No great distance was achieved on the lower level as water barred progress in every direction. On the evening of 20th April Pat and I and Graeme investigated the crawls beyond point 10. I p enetrated as far as point 38, though below it, missing the lead to the upper level and returned convinced that we had reached the end of the cave. The following day, tracing the direction of the cave on the surface Graeme Wilson and I came to a deep doline with two small cave entrances in the side. These correspond with points 34 and 36 on the map. We penetrated as far as point 22 and returned for the rest of the party, not realising that this cave was in any way connected with our earlier discoveries. T hat night we established the connection with point 7 and explored to the known limit of the cave at point 33. The other ramifications were subsequently explored and the cave surveyed with metallic tape and prismatic compass. DESCRIPTION (All numbers refe r to location points on map.) Entering the mouth of the cave at 1 you walk along a dry stream bed with a considerable amount of flowstone either side as far as 2. Here you drop down a steep mud slide for 20 ft, duck under a hanging wall and climb up a cor responding mud slope on the other side. This section was obviously a siphon at one time and there is evidence to suggest that it may still fill up in wet weather. From 4 to 5 the dry stream passage continues but the roof gets lower and lower until you ar e forced to emulate the proverbial drinking lizard. At 6 you emerge into a high rift. To your left a crawlway leads for some hundreds of feet eventually rejoining the main cave. Above an inaccessible (from here) hole in the wall, is point 35 on the upper level. Opposite, once again in the lizard position, the cave continues. To your left a washaway appears in the floor and this direction leads to the pitch and lower levels described above. Half right a low muddy crawl ends in a rift which opens to the s urface between 12 and 13. Through some talus, a low muddy corridor and once again man sized cave. From 15 to 19 you are walking through a cave of ever increasing dimensions. At 17A the upper level appears 15 feet up on your left and there is a skylight i n the ceiling. At 21 you crawl under a hanging wall and find yourself in a large chamber the floor of which is strewn with large blocks and a heap

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Report on Pyramid Cave Webb Southern Caver, No. 60, April 2005 page 12 of talus chokes each end. Climb up the right hand side of the talus to your left, then bear left then right and wriggle down between two blocks and you appear at the top of a scree slope thirty feet above the floor of the cave (point 25). From here it is just a stroll through a dry stream passage the size of an underground railway tunnel until the boulder chok e at 33 is reached. This is the most picturesque portion of the cave from the point of view of formation, though the cave is well decorated throughout. GEOGRAPHY From the northern entrance of Honeycomb 2 to the southern entrance of Pyramid Cave there is a continuous line of sinks and dolines. Tracing the cave on the surface places point 33 very close to Mouse Hole 4 and in wet weather a stream can be heard at this point. Pyramid Cave is an old system which has been silted, rejuvenated and has now lost its s tream again. The indications are clear that this is an old dry level of the Mole Creek. What is not yet clear is where the creek is now. In the lower levels all the water seemed to be still and gave the appearance of being a local water table. However t he rift adjacent to 15 16 17 flowed vigorously after heavy rain and may constitute a flood passage. This suggests that perhaps the Mole Creek itself is not far away. FUTURE EXPLORATION Since the known portion of the cave is an old dry level it would seem to hold most promise in the downward direction. Quite a bit of time has been spent on the level below the pitch at 8 but there could still be a passage which has been missed. The rift adjacent to 15 and that which leaves the main passage at 25 may produc e results. Alongside point 16 is a hole in some talus which goes down and a stream could be heard here in wet weather. Similarly the talus at 33 if forced will undoubtedly lead to more cave. The known portion of the cave is quite extensive 4 Mouse Cave is a still unnumbered cave at Mole Creek: MCX42 GJM totalling ove r 1800 feet in length and since only about 100 man hours, including the survey, have been spent in there all told, there must be many more possibilities. CONCLUSION. Pyramid Cave has filled in an important blank in the Mole Creek system and it may well lea d to more important discoveries including the precise location of the existing stream bed between Honeycomb 2 and Mouse Hole. There is little doubt that more time in this cave would prove profitable. About the Author Rolley Webb was a Canberra based caver who occasionally caved in Tasmania in the 1960s see, e.g. ASF Newsletter, No. 12 (June 1961), p. 2.

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Southern Caver, No. 60, April 2005 page 13 DETAILED BIBLIOGRAPHY OF TASMANIAN CAVES. FEBRUARY, 1963. Compiled by A. Goede, Keeper of Archives, Tasmanian Caverneering Club. ANON. (1895): Glow worm caves of Tasmania. Scientific American, Vol. 73. 23 Nov. 1895. p. 332.* AUSTRALIAN SPELEOLOGICAL FEDERATION (1958): Caving in Australia. Printed by N.S.W Uni. of Technology Students' Union on behalf of A.S.F. AUSTRALIAN SPELEOLOGICAL FEDERATION (1960 61): A.S.F. Newsletter Nos. 7 13. BARRETT, C. (1944): Isle of Mountains: roaming through Tasmania; London. Cassell. pp. 86 94. BESSANT, Miss J. (1959): The Mole that Walketh. Skyline, No.9. (Annual Mag. Launceston Walking Club). pp. 9 10. Photograph J. Wanless. BROWN, F. R. (1956): Some Notes on the Principal Cave Areas in Tasmania. Jl. Cave Science (British Speleological Association). Vol. 4, No. 26. pp. 87 88. CHURCHWARD, Miss M. (1953): Upon First Looking into Croesus Cavern. Skyline, No. 4. p. 37. COHEN, L. (1952): Liena Caves Tasmani. Jl. S.U.S.S. Vol. 1, No. 2. pp. 4 5. EMMETT, E. T. (1952): Tasmania by Road and Track; Carlton: Melbourne University Press. pp. 57 60. FAIRLIE CUNINGHAME, H. (Early 1952): A.M. (Australian Magazine). FAIRLIE CUNINGHAME, H. (1953): Wetas of Tasmanian Caves: Jl. S.U.S.S. Vo.l 1, No.3. pp. 21 22. FAIRLIE CUNINGHAME, H. (1953): Caves of Tasmania: Jl. S.U.S.S., Vol. 1, No.5. pp. 23 27. FAIRLIE CUNINGHAME, H. (1953): Photographs of Croesus Cave. Walkabout (Australian Geographical Magazine), Vol. 19, No.7. pp .22 23. FAIRLIE CUNINGHAME, H. (1954): "Golden Stairway, Croesus Cave (cover photograph) Walkabout Vol. 20, No. 5.* FAIRLIE CUNINGHAME, H. (1955): Photograph of Tapestry Chamber, Croesus Cave. Jl. S.U.S.S. Vol. 2, No. 2. pp. 24 25. FAIRLIE CUNINGHAME, H. (1956): Photograph of "Golden Stairway", Croesus Cave. Jl. S.U.S.S. Vol. 3, No. 2. pp. 37 38. FRAUCA, H. (1958): S peleo's Delight; Australian Outdoors, Vol. 19, No. 1. pp. 28 31, 63 64. FRAUCA, H. (1959): Thrills of Cave Exploring; Australian Outdoors, Vol. 21, No .5. pp. 12 15, 79 80. FRAUCA, H. (1959): The Cave Divers; People, Vol. 10, No. 14. pp. 17 19. FRAUCA, H. (1959): The cult of the cave; Australian Outdoors, Sep. 1959, pp. 12 15, 79 80.* FRAUCA, H. (1960): Deep Dark Dive; Australian Outdoors, Vol. 23, No. 1. pp. 12 14, 78 79.* FRAUCA, H. (1960);The Potholers; People Vol. 11, No. 15. pp. 54 55.* FRAUCA, H. (1960): Danger 500 feet down!; Australian Outdoors, Vol. 24, No. 2. pp. 54 55, 57, 74, 76.*

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Bibliography of Tasmanian Ca ves Goede Southern Caver, No. 60, April 2005 page 14 GILL, E. D. and BANKS, M. R. (1956): Cainozoic History of Mowbray Swamp and other areas of North Western Tasmania; Records of the Queen Victoria Museum, Launce ston. New Series No. 6. (Scotchtown Cave pp. 28 29. Rocky Cape Sea Caves pp. 31 32, 36 39).* GOVERNMENT OF TASMANIA (1908): Handbook of Tasmania Hobart: Government Printer. pp. 141 144. GOVERNMENT OF TASMANIA (1914): Handbook of Tasmania Hobart: Governme nt Printer. pp. 187 195.* HAMILTON SMITH, E. (1961): Underground Adventure; Walkabout, Vol. 17, No. 1. pp. 25 27.* HART, T. (1957): Photograph "Snow Bank", Croesus Cave. Skyline, No. 8. p. 4.* HIGGINS, E. T. and PETTERD, W. F. (1884): Description of a new cave inhabiting spider, together with notes on mammalian remains from a recently discovered cave in the Chudleigh District; J. and Proc. Roy. Soc. Tas. (for) 1883, pp. 191 192.* HOSKING, J.S. and HUEBER, H.V. (1954): Limestones of Tasmania and their indus trial development; Technical Paper No. 3 (SUSS Library) HUGHES, T. D. (1957): Limestones in Tasmania; Department of Mines. Geol. Surv. Min. Res. No. 10. Government Printer, Tas.* JENNINGS, J. N. (1958): Caves and Caving in Australia; The Etruscan (Staff Ma g. of the Bank of N.S.W.), Vol. 7, No. 4. pp. 18 22.* JENNINGS, J. N. and SWEETING, M. M. (1959): Underground Breach of a Divide at Mole Creek, Tasmania. Aust. Jl. of Science, Vol. 21. No. 8. pp. 261 262. JOHNSON, Miss J. (1959): There's a Cavern'ere (The Hole Truth about Kubla Khan); Skyline, No. 9. pp. 24 25. JOHNSTON, R. M. (1888): Systematic account of the geology of Tasmania Hobart: Government Printer. pp. 40 41, 327 329 LASERON, C. F. (1953): The Face of Australia; Sydney: Angus and Robertson p. 2 34. LEA, A. M. (1910): On Some Tasmanian Cave Inhabiting Beetles; The Tasmanian Naturalist, Vol. 2, No. 3 (Oct. 1910) pp. 53 58 .* LYONS, G. D. (1950): Tasmanian Caverns Claim World Records; Wild Life (Australian nature magazine). Vol. 12, No. 12. pp. 545 5 53.* LYONS, G.D. (1953): Mountaineering Inside Out. Skyline No. 4. p. 37. LYONS, G.D. (1957): Editorial; Skyline No. 8. p. 3. MACGREGOR, P. (1952): Mole Creek and Liena (Tasmania). Jl. S.U.S.S. Vol. 1. No. 2. p. 16. McPHEE, D. (1960): Into a Sunless La nd; U.Q.B.W.C. Mag. (Uni. of Q'land Bush Walking Club). Vol. 2, August 1960. MILLER, J. (1956): Photograph of "Golden Stairway", Croesus Cave; Skyline, No. 7. pp. 36 37. MOLLISON, W. (1953): Islands Unvisited; Granton, Trowutta Caves. Skyline No. 4. pp. 5 2 53. RENWICK, K. (1960): Notes on Australian Caves; Jl. Cave Science, Vol. IV, No. 30. pp. 281 287 SCOTT, H. H. and LORD, C. (1922): Studies in Tasmanian Mammals, Living and Extinct. No. IV. The Cave Deposits at Mole Creek; Pap. and Proc. Roy. Soc. Tas. 1922 pp.6 8.* SHAW, T. R. (1956): Brief Bibliography of Tasmanian Caves. Jl. Cave Science (British Speleological Association). Vol. 4. No. 26. p. 89.

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Bibliography of Tasmanian Ca ves Goede Southern Caver, No. 60, April 2005 page 15 TASMANIAN CAVERNEERING CLUB (1953 60): Handbook (1953)*; Bulletin of T.C.C. Vol. 1, No. 1. (Dec. 1956)*, No. 2. (July, 1958)*, No. 3. (Dec. 1958)*, No. 4. (Sept. 1960)*; Occ. Publication, No.1 (Sept. 1959) TASMANIAN GOVERNMENT TOURIST DEPARTMENT ( ? ): Tasmania's Caveland. (Tourist Folder). THOMAS, H. (1879): Guide to Excursionists between Australia and Tasma nia. Melbourne: H. Thomas. pp. 22 25. WEST, J. (1852): History of Tasmania; Launceston: H. Dowing, Vol. 2. pp. 363 364. Various (1950): Limestone in South Western Tasmania. Extracts from Bulletins and Reports. (S.U.S.S. Library). ---------------------------------* Indicates a copy is held in the Southern Tasmanian Caverneers Library, March 2005. About the comp ile r Albert Goede joined the Tasmanian Caverneering Club in 1954 and was elected Honorary Treasurer in the same year. He was made an Honorary Life Member in 1958 and was later Keeper of the Archives H e was involved in early exploration o f Exit Cave, Wolfe Hole and Kubla Khan. Later he edited Speleo Spiel and was President of TCC for seven years. He was involved in further exploration of Exit Cave, Kubla Khan and Khazad dum. With his first wife Therese, he became in volved in the collecti ng of cave invertebrates one genus and several species were later named after him. During the mid 1970s he became more interested in karst hydrology, the stratigraphy of cave bone deposits and later in the use of speleothems to s tudy palaeoclimates usin g variations in stable isotope ratios and trace element compositions. In 1985 he founded the Tasmanian Cave and Karst Research Group with Arthur Clarke and Petrina Quinn and in the foll owing years a number of science oriented newsle tters were published. I n 1985 he was awarded the Edie Smith Award for services to cave exploration and the scientific study of caves. Subsequently he took a leading role with Arthur Clarke and Jeff Butt in encouraging the amalgamation of the three caving s ocieties in southern Ta smania into the Southern Tasmanian Caverne ers. In 1998 he was awarded the degree of Doctor of Philosophy by the University of Tasmania on the topic of "Quaternary Studies of Caves and Coasts". He has now retired from active caving but continues to hold the position of Science Officer in STC. Photo: Arthur Clarke

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Southern Caver, No. 60, April 2005 page 16 BIBLIOGRAPHY OF PREVIOUS PUBLICATIONS BY THE TASMANIAN CAVERNEERING CLUB. FEBRUARY 1963 Compiled by A. Goede, Keeper of Archives, Tasmanian Caverneering Club BANKS, M.R. (1953): Geology of Caves with Tasmanian examples; T.C.C. Handbook, pp. 51 61. BROWN, F.R. (1953): First Aid in Caves; T.C.C. Handbook, pp. 39 41. BROWN, F.R. (1956): Hastings; T.C.C. Bulletin, Vol. 1, No. 1, p.7. BROWN, F.R. (1956): Operation Mystery Creek; T.C.C. Bulletin, Vol. 1, No. l, p. l7. BROWN, F.R. (1958): Australian Speleological Federation; T.C.C. Bulletin, Vol. 1, No. 2, pp. 5 6. BROWN, F.R. (1960): A.S.F. Field Programme; T.C.C. Bulletin No. 4, p. 6. BROWN, F.R. (1960): Florentine Field Force; T.C.C. Bulletin, No. 4, pp. 21 22. BROWN, F.R. and DE VRIES, M.H. (1958): The Subterranean Hydrology of the Mole Creek Area; T.C.C. Bulletin, Vol. 1, No. 3, pp. 9 15. BURNS, K.L. (1960): Cave Deposits in Marakoopa Cave, Mole Creek; T.C.C. Bulletin, No. 4, pp. 31 34 BURNS, K.L. and RUNDLE A. (1958): The Geology of the Mole Creek Caverns; T.C.C. Bulletin, Vol. l, No. 3, pp. 3 8. CAREY, S.W. (1953): Difficulties and Dangers in Caverns; T.C.C. Handbook, pp. 14 38. CHAPMAN, Dr. R. (1958): How to deal with Injuries in Caverneering; T.C.C. Bulletin, Vol. l, No. 3; pp. 19 20. DE VRIES, M.H. (1956): Interim Report on Scotts Cave; T.C.C. Bulletin, Vol.1, No.1, pp. 10 16. DE VRIES, M.H. (1956): Tasmanian Caving Areas; T.C.C. Bulletin, Vol. 1, No. 1, p. 4. DE VRIES, M.H. (1958): West Coast Limestone Deposits; T.C.C. Bulletin, Vol. 1, No. 2, pp. 32 34. DE VRIES, M.H. (l960): Exit Cave; T.C.C. Bulletin, No.4, pp. 23 27 DOWDEN, R.L. (1958): Cave Detection with Geophysical Instruments; T.C.C. Bulletin, Vol. 1, No. 3, pp. 16 18. ELLIOTT, D.M. (1953): Cave Surveying; T.C.C. Handbook, pp. 49 50. ELLIOTT, D.M. (1953): Cave Photography; T.C.C. Handbook, pp. 67 70. ELLIOTT, D.M. (1958): Tasmanian Caving Areas Synopsis; T.C.C. Bulletin, Vol. 1, No. 3, pp. 21 29. GOEDE, A. (1958): The Nullarbor Expedition; T.C.C. Bulletin, Vol. 1, No. 2. pp. 8 9. GOEDE, A. (1958): Growling Swallet; T.C.C. Bulletin, Vol. 1, No.2, pp. 19 21. GOEDE, A. (1958):Tasmanian Caving Areas I, Mole Creek District; T.C.C. Bulletin, Vol. 1,No. 2, pp. 36 42. IREDALE, K.S. (1953): The First Six Years; T.C.C. Handbook, pp. 4 8.

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Bibliography of TCC Publications Goede Southern Caver, No. 60, April 2005 page 17 LUCKMAN, L. and Mrs J. (1958): Caverneering in Mexico; T.C.C. Bulletin, Vol. 1, No. 2, pp. 15 18. LYONS, D. (1958): Pioneer Cave Hunt; T.C.C. Bulletin, Vol. 1, No. 2, pp. 25 31. LYONS, D. (1960): In All Seriousness; T.C.C. Bulletin No. 4, pp. 3 5. LYONS, D. (1960): Report in Prose and Verse, T.C.C. Bulletin, No. 4, pp. 5, 8, 19, 20, 22, 27, 30, 35, 36. LYONS, D. (1960): Unconventional Conventional Report, T.C.C. Bullet in, No.4, p. 7. LYONS, D. (1960): The Fate of Old Soldiers; T.C.C. Bulletin, No.4, pp. 28 29. PETERSON, Miss F. (1956): Back to Nature; T.C.C. Bulletin, Vol. 1, No. 1, p. 22 RENWICK, K. (1958): Cave Wetas; T.C.C. Bulletin, Vol. 1, No. 2, pp. 22 24. SCOTT E.O.G. (1960): Speleo zoology Cave Fish, T.C.C. Bulletin, No.4, pp. 9 18. SEXTON, R.T. (1960): Notes on Some Cave Surveys, T.C.C. Bulletin, No.4, pp 37 44. SMITH, Miss E. M. (1953): Cave Life Past and Present; T.C.C. Handbook, pp. 62 63.

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Southern Caver, No. 60, April 2005 page 18 T.C.C. LIB RARY STOCKLIST FEBR UARY 1963 (with some updating to 1966) Compiled by A. Goede, Keeper of Archives In this stocklist,, publications are listed under their countries of origin and subdivided into: (A) Journals (B) Books (C) Pam phlets and papers Items highlighted in blue type are those that remain in the STC Library in March 2005. I. BRITAIN (A) Journals (1) Caves and Caving Vol. 1, No. 1 (June 1937), Vol. 1. No. 3 (Jan. 1938) (2) British Speleological Association. Cave Scienc e Vol. 4, No. 26 (Jan Apr. 1956), Vol. 4, No. 30 (May 1960) (3) Cave Research Group (a) Transactions Vol. 1, Nos. 1 and 2; Vol. 3, Nos. 1 and 2; Vol. 4, Nos. 1 and 2; Vol. 5, Nos. 1 and 2; Vol. 6. Nos. 1 and 2; Vol. 7, Nos. 1 and 2. (b) Newsletter Nos. 27, 29, 32, 39, 48, 49/50, 51, 52, 53/54, 55, 56/57, 58/59, 60/61, 63/64, 65, 68/69, 70/71, 78, 79/80, 81, 87, 89, 93, 94, 100 (c) Biological Supplement Parts I, II (2 sections), III, IV, V (d) Publications Nos. 1 (Part 1), 7, 8, 10 (e) Occasional Publications Nos. 1, 2, 4, 5, 7 (B) Books (1) The Mendip Caves H.E. Balch (3rd Edition, 1947) (2) Knotting and Splicing ropes and cordage Paul N. Hasluck (3) My Caves Norbert Casteret (1947) (4) T he Darkness under the Earth Norbert Casteret (1954) (5) Ten Years under the Earth Norbert Casteret (1943) (6) One Thousand Metres Down Jean Cadoux (1957) (7) Seven Caves Carleton S. Coon (1957) (C) Pamphlets (1) Geology of North Eastern En gland G.G.A. Hickling and T. Robertson (2) Faunarooska Cave, Co. Clare, Eire T.R. Shaw and O.C. Lloyd (1959, reprint) II. UNITED STATES O F AMERICA (A) Journals (1) National Speleological Society. (a) Bulletin Nos. 5, 6, 10, 11, 12, 19, 20 21 (Parts 1 and 2), 23 (Part 2), 24 (Parts 1 and 2), 25 (Part 1), 26 (No. 3) (b) NSS News Vol. 15, Nos. 8 12; Vol. 16, Nos. 1 12; Vol. 17, Nos. 1 12; Vol. 18, Nos. 1 12; Vol. 19, Nos. 1, 3 12; Vol. 20, Nos 1 3, 9 12; Vol. 21, Nos. 1, 3 4, 6 12; Vo l. 22, Nos. 1 4 (2) Cave Research Associates Cave Notes Vol. 1, No. 2 (Mar/Apr. 1959) (B) Books (1) Caverns of Virginia William M. McGill (Virginia University, 1933) (2) Pennsylvania Caves Ralph W. Stone (1932)

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TCC Library February 1963 Goede Southern Caver, No. 60, April 2005 page 19 (3) The Caves of Maryland William E. Davies, Dept. of Geology, Mines and Water Resources, Bulletin 7 (Baltimore, Maryland 1950) (4) N.S.S. Speleo Digest 1956 Published by Pittsburgh Grotto. (C) Pamphlets (1) Aragonite speleothems as indicators of palaeotemperature Georg e W. Moore III. NEW ZEALAND (A) Journals New Zealand Speleological Society NZSS Bulletin Nos. 1 4, 9 16, 18 21, 24 29, 31 35, 41, 42, 47, 48. (C) Pamphlets (1) Revision of the Rhaphidophoridae (Orthoptera) of New Zealand Dr Aloa Richards (Pa rts I, IV, VII) (2) Notes on behaviour and parasitism in Macropathus filifer Dr Aola Richards (3) Notes on food and cannibalism in Macropathus filifer Dr Aola Richards (4) The systematics and ecology of the genus Macropathus Dr Aola Richards IV. AUSTRALIA (A) Journals (1) Australian Speleological Federation ASF Newsletter Nos. 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 17 (2) Tasmanian Caverneering Club (a) Bulletin of TCC Nos. 1, 2, 3, 4 (b) Occasional Publication No. 1 (Informati on Sheet) (3) Sydney University Speleological Society (a) SUSS Journal Vol. 1, Nos. 1 and 3; Vol. 2, Nos. 1 and 2; Vol. 3, Nos. 1 and 2; Vol. 4, Nos. 1 and 2; Vol. 5, Nos. 1 and 2; Vol. 6, Nos. 1, 2, 4. (b) Yearbook 1957, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1961, 1962. (c) SUSS Newsletter Vol. 6, Nos. 1 and 2 (4) Sydney Speleological Society (a) Communications Vols. 1 and 2, 58:10, 59:2 4, 59:11, 60:3 11; Vol. 5, Nos. 2 4; Vol. 6, No. 5 (b) Yearbook 1965 65 (c) Stop Press April 1 965, May 1965, May 1966. (5) Cooranbong Speleological Association (a) CSA Reports Nos. 1 and 2 (b) Caesar (newsletter) 61:1, 61:2, 61:3 (6) Canberra Speleological Society Circular Nos. 2, 7, 49, 52 (7) Cave Exploration Group (Sou th Australia) Occasional Paper No. 1 (1958) Newsletter Oct Dec. 1960 (8) Newcastle Technical & University College Speleological Society Cave (newsletter) Nov. 1960, Dec. 1960 Cave Annual Vol. 1 (1963)

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TCC Library February 1963 Goede Southern Caver, No. 60, April 2005 page 20 (9) Kempsey Speleologic al Society Trog (newsletter) Vol. 2, Nos. 2 and 3 (10) Victorian Cave Exploration Society Newsletter Dec. 1964 (11) Australian Bat Research News No. 4 (12) Western Australian Speleological Group The W estern Caver Vol. 5, No. 3 (1 3) Queen Victoria Museum (Launceston) Records (NS) Nos. 1, 2, 3/4, 5 6, 7, 8 9, 10 11, 12 13, 15 (14) Univ. of Qld. Bushwalking Club Bulletin No. 2 (August 1960) (B) Books (1) Handbook of the Tasmanian Caverneering Club (1953 ) also H andbook (1963) (2) Limestones in Tasmania; Geol. Survey Min. Resources No. 10 T.D. Hughes (1957) (3) Notes on Survey Investigation R.W. Willis (1945) (4) Technical Reports No. 8 (1963) Tasmanian Dept. of Mines (5) Notes on collecting Australian C ave Fauna E. Hamilton Smith (1962) (C) Pamphlets (1) Scenery Preservation Board of Tasmania (a) Annual reports 1959 60, 1961 64 (b) Scenery Preservation Act 1915 (c) Statutory Rules (2) Aboriginal Words a s Place N ames in Tasmania J.A. Fletcher (1953) (3) The caves of the South West (W.A.) tourist folder (4) The Story of Yanchep tourist folder (5) Naracoorte Caves, S.A tourist folder (6) All About Jenolan Caves booklet (7) All About Yarrangobilly Caves booklet (8) Buchan Caves National Park tourist folder (9) Yarrangobilly Caves, NSW tourist folder (10) Jenolan Caves booklet (11) Jenolan Caves tourist folder (12) Wombeyan Caves tourist folder (13) Tasmanias Caveland tourist folder (14) Caves Coun try of Western Australia tourist folder (15) Caving in Australia Australian Speleological Federation. V. UNION OF SOUTH A FRICA (A) Journals South African Speleological Association Bulletin 1960, Parts I, II, III; 1961, Parts I and II South African Speleological Association (Cape Section) Bulletin Vol. 3, Nos. 1, 2, 3; Vol. 4, Nos. 1 and 2

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TCC Library February 1963 Goede Southern Caver, No. 60, April 2005 page 21 VI. ITALY (A) Journals Rassegna Speleologica Italiana Journal Fascicolo 3, Anno VI (Sep. 1954) (C) Pamphlets (1) Notiziario, Estratto d a Rassegna Speleologica Italiana, 1954 (2) Entita del Movimento Speleologico in Italia. E.R.S.I., 1954 VII. POLAND (A) Journals Grotolai Mag. Krakow, Cherwiez, 1957 VIII. HUNGARY (A) Journal Karszt es barlangkutatasi, Tajekoztato Dec. 1960; May 19 61 (C) Pamphlets (1) Das Aggteleker Hhlengebiet (Nordungarn) (2) A barlangi arvizekrol Jakucs Laszlo (1956) (3) Ismerjuk meg a barlangokat (+ 3 reprints of articles) IX. CUBA (A) Journals Revista de la Sociedad Cientifica de Espeleologica Ano 1, No. 1 (April 1957) Inra Magazine Ano 1, Nos. 5, 7; Ano 2, Nos. 3, 6 (B) Books (1) Geologia de Cuba Furrazola Bermdez, Jimenez et al. (2) Un ano de Liberacion Agraria Antonio Jimenez (3) Asi es mipais (Geografia de Cuba) Antonio Nu nez Jimenez X. CZECHOSLOVAKIA (B) Book Slovensky Kras (Sbornik Muzea Slovenskeho krasu) XI. BELGIUM (A) Journal Bulletin du Speleo Club de Belgique March 1961; June 1961 XII. FRANCE (A) Journal Fdration Franaise de Splologie Spelunca Journal Vol. 2, Nos. 2 and 4; Vol. 3, Nos. 1 4; Vol. 4, Nos. 2 4; Vol. 5, Nos. 1 3 Editors Note: While it would appear that a great deal of material has been lost from the library over the past 40 years, Rolan Eberhard advises that due to storage proble ms some years ago a number of boxes of older publications were transferred to the Australian Speleological Federation library GJM.

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Southern Caver, No. 60, April 2005 page 22 A LETTER FROM FRANCE Norbert Casteret [The Tasmanian Caverneering Club must have written to French caving legend Norbert C asteret late in 1954 or early 1955, for on 12 April 1955, he replied and forwarded a packet of 14 of his own black and white photos showing some of his exploits. The letter is reproduced below, followed by a rough translation into English and the 14 photo graphs, with a table indicating where some of them have been published Editor.]

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A letter from France Casteret Southern Caver, No. 60, April 2005 page 23 N. Casteret [translation] St. Gaudens (Hte. Garonne) 12 April 1955 Dear colleagues, Your letter and your nice consignment of colour slides have reached me after a lon g delay. I thank you very warmly, and also I congratulate you on your activity and dynamism. I am delighted to know that in at antipodes of France there are speleologists committed to the same activities as ourselves. Your colour slides interested me, esp ecially those showing stalactites growing geometrically I do not know this variety. Your long stalactites are equally interesting. In France we call them "macaronis"; they are rather rare, but they are known, nevertheless. I am very sorry not to be ab le to send you any colour slides, but I do not take photos in colour. I am sending to your address a packet of ordinary photos among which are several of ice grottos which I discovered in the Pyrenees at an altitude of about 3000 metres. I have just retur ned from a month's trip to Yugoslavia, which is, I believe, the most cavernous country on the globe. Caves, pot holes and underground rivers exist there by the thousands and are of large dimensions. This trip has set me back very much in my work and corr espondence. I am a little "hard put to it" and would excuse myself for not being able to write to you at greater length this time. Give my fraternal greetings to the members of the Tasmanian Caverneering Club and believe in my heartfelt sentiments [signed ] Norbert Casteret As you have read certain of my books translated into English, you may be interested to know that Dent's Book Company of London are at the moment finishing editing my last book "Thirty Years Under the Earth." ----------------1. Caste ret emerging from a squeeze. His caption translates as: Crawling: usual exercise of cavers

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A letter from France Casteret Southern Caver, No. 60, April 2005 page 24 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Table 1 (following) gives a translation of Casterets hand written captions on the back of each of these photos, together with information about where some of them have been published.

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A letter from France Casteret Southern Caver, No. 60, April 2005 page 25 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14.

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A letter from France Casteret Southern Caver, No. 60, April 2005 page 26 No. Casterets caption Where published and caption 1. Crawling: usual exercise of cavers My Caves 1947, opp. p.57: Getting th rough a cat run. [Doubtless also used elsewhere.] 2. Subterranean iceberg The darkness under the Earth 1952, opp. p. 25 A subterranean iceberg the discovery of this is recounted on pp. 26 28. 3. Climbing a cascade of ice in the Grotte Casteret The d arkness under the Earth 1952, opp. p. 33 Climbing a frozen waterfall. Casteret called this one of the Caves of Chamois in the Upper Aragon, Spain. 4. Climbing the Frozen Niagara in the Grotte Casteret The darkness under the Earth 1952, opp. p. 22 Mau d Casteret descends Niagara. 5. The transparency of some ice tongues is ideal [perfect?] The darkness under the Earth 1952, opp. p. 19 A stalactite of purest ice in a cave on the Gavarnie Massif in the Spanish Pyrnees. 6. Entrance of the Grotte Casteret ice cave, Gavarnie Massif. Not known if published (though other photos of this entrance have been). 7. The ice caves of Marbor (Gavarnie Massif) are the highest in the world. The darkness under the Earth 1952, opp. p. 13 The level surface of a n ice river. 8. On the subterranean glacier of the Grotte Casteret. Tenebres. 1952, p. 274 [French edition of The darkness under the Earth ] "Une salle de la Grotte Casteret". 9. Crossing the Devils Bridge in Gouffre dEsparros (High Pyrnees) The darkn ess under the Earth 1952, frontispiece Crossing a bridge of ice. This is obviously not correct the bridge is of flowstone; perhaps the publisher wrote this caption. 10. Scaling a waterfall on a metal pole in the Grotte de la Cigalre (Arige). Ten y ears under the Earth 1940, after p. 208 Climbing cascades, Gouffre Martel. This ascent is described in detail on pp. 149. Climbing 32 feet up a 2.5 pipe under a waterfall is no mean feat! but one of these captions must be wrong. 11. Subterranean deco ration in the Gouffre dEsparros (High Pyrnees) Paysages Souterrains [by Casteret and Germain Gattet], 1943, p. 43 (French edition) Contemplation, Esparros 12. A swarm of bats on the ceiling of a cave Mes Cavernes, 1942, p. 255 (Ouvrage couronne par L' Academie Francaise. Librairie Academique Perrin Editeur: Paris.) 13. Helictites in the Gouffre dEsparros Paysages Souterrains [ by Casteret and Germain Gattet.] 1943 p. 66. The photo, captiopned "Excentriques, Esparros" shows just the helictites Cast eret having been cropped out. 14. Walking alone in a subterranean river As this was taken by an Illustrated London News photographer, this photo probably appeared in that publication. This appears to be the only photo in the collection which is not an or iginal print. Table 1 C asterets c aptions f or h is p hotos and d etails o f p ublication f or s ome. [Translations a nd n otes on p ublication by Greg Middleton. Thanks to Ross Ellis for assistance in locating the published photos.]