Speleo Spiel

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Speleo Spiel
Series Title:
Speleo Spiel
Southern Tasmanian Caverneers
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Subjects / Keywords:
Regional Speleology ( local )
serial ( sobekcm )


General Note:
The Tasmanian Caverneering Club was formed on 13 September 1946. Initially, information was provided to members through a circular, copies of which exist back to November 1947. "Speleo Spiel, Circular of the Tasmanian Caverneering Club" was first published December 1960. Eight issues of this are known, up to May 1962. In April 1964 a "Circular" was again issued and seems to have continued, irregularly, until March 1966. Then in April 1966, a "New Series" of Speleo Spiel commenced, as a monthly newsletter. In December 1996 The Tasmanian Caverneering Club amalgamated with the Southern Caving Society and the Tasmanian Cave and Karst Research Group to form the Southern Tasmanian Caverneers. The combined group agreed to continue to publish "Speleo Spiel" as its bi-monthly newsletter, as continues today (2015). Speleo Spiel is a vehicle for recording the cave and karst-related activities, and particularly the achievements, of the Southern Tasmanian Caverneers. It also carriers technical and scientific reports, reprints, reviews and other information likely to be of interest to members from time to time.
Open Access - Permission by Publisher
Original Version:
No. 321 (Aug-Sep 2000)
General Note:
See Extended description for more information.

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University of South Florida Library
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University of South Florida
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All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
K26-03905 ( USFLDC DOI )
k26.3905 ( USFLDC Handle )
21513 ( karstportal - original NodeID )

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1 h Speleo Spiel #321 August – September 2000 Newsletter of the Southern Tasmanian Caverneers PO Box 416, Sandy Bay 7006 Tasmania, Australia


STC Officers: President: Trevor Wailes Ph: (03) 6229 1382 (h) Vice President: Hugh Fitzgerald Ph: (03) 6223 7088 (h) Secretary: Liz Canning Ph: (03) 6223 7088 (h) Treasurer & Karst Index Officer: Arthur Clarke Ph: (03) 6228 2099 (h) Equipment Officer and S&R Officer: Jeff Butt Ph: (03) 6223 8620 (h) Librarian: Greg Middleton Ph: (03) 6223 1400 (h) Scientific Officer: Albert Goede Ph: (03) 6243 7319 (h) Public Officer: Steve Bunton Ph: (03) 6278 2398 (h) Webmaster: Hans Benisch Ph: (03) 6239 6899 (h) Speleo Spiel Editor: Jamie Allison Ph: (03) 6273 8160 (h) Speleo Spiel Proof Reader & Distribution: Jeff Butt Front Cover: Jeff Butt ascending a Khazad Dum waterfall pitch Photo by: Arthur Clarke Issue No. 321 August September 2000 Editorial...............................................................................................2 Upcoming Meetings and Trips..............................................................2 Club Matters – Notice of the AGM.......................................................2 VALE, Des Lyons................................................................................3 The 4th Annual STC Dinner.................................................................3 N otice of the AGM..............................................................................4 Objections to the Mt. Cripps EL...........................................................4 Burning Down the House.....................................................................4 AGM Nomination Form & Membership Renewal Form.......................5 De-rigging Khaza Dum........................................................................6 Scratch Pot Survey...............................................................................7 Exit Cave System Fully Restored.........................................................8 JF5 AND JF69 – Piecing Together More of the KD Puzzle.................10 Wolf Hole .........................................................................................12 Satan;s Lair........................................................................................13 The P-Hanger Project.........................................................................13 A Complete List of all the Known Mole Creek Caves.........................15 STC Warehouse Sales and Classifieds................................................26 Copyright 2000 STC This work is STC copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study, research, criticism or review, as permitted under the Copyright Act, no part may be reproduced by any process without written permission from the publishers and the inclusion of acknowledgment of the source. T he views expressed in t he Speleo Spiel are not n ecessarily the views of t he Editor, or of the S outhern Tasmanian C averneers Incorporated. T he Speleo Spiel Newsletter of the Southern Tasmanian Caverneers Incorporated PO Box 416, Sandy Bay, Tas. 7006 ABN: 73-381-060-862 S TC was formed from the T asmanian Caverneering Club the Southern Caving Society and the T asmanian Cave and Karst Research Group S TC is the modern variant of the Oldest Caving Club in Australia.


2 Editorial Life often dishes up the odd challenge just to mix things up and make things interesting. I have been offered a position with my current employer’s parent company Sonic Health Care as an IT Security Specialist. What impact does this have on the club I hear you ask? It means that I have to resign my position as Speleo Spiel Editor due to the considerable amount of time it will consume. So this will be my last issue and we need to find a replacement Editor. If you are interested (even slightly) then check out the info at the bottom of this page and drop me a line. Keep in mind that you are not on your own; there are other club members able to lend a hand if required. A special thank you goes to Arthur and Jeff for all your help through out the year. Without your assistance my job would have been very difficult indeed. Finally, thank you for the comments and suggestions over the past year. Many people have mentioned that the Speleo Spiel is a great publication. This is only because of the high quality material you submit, so keep on caving and keep on writing. Jamie Allison ( Speleo Spiel Editor. Club Meetings General business meetings are held on the first Wednesday of each month (7:30pm for a 8:00pm start). Social gatherings and special events are held on the third Wednesday of each Month starting at 8:00pm. Meetings are convened at the Shipwright Arms Hotel in the area just inside the front door (near the fireplace). All are welcome and encouraged to attend. Wednesday, 18th October Social Gathering Wednesday, 1st November General Business Meeting Wednesday, 15th November Social Gathering Wednesday, 6th December AGM, 8pm at the Gear Store. Refreshments provided. Upcoming Trips and Events Please watch the STC List Server for trips and events over the next 2 months. Saturday, December 9 STC Annual Dinner, Dover. Please see the advertisement later in this Spiel. Position Vacant:Speleo Spiel Editor. This demanding but rewarding position requires a self-started who can work to a deadline while producing a high quality publication for STC members and the speleological community. The editor should be proficient with a recent word processing package like Word 2000 and access to a modern computer, printer, scanner and email is essential. Duties: Seek and collate articles for STC publications (Speleo Spiel and other publications) to give a good coverage of the activities of STC members. Produce the Speleo Spiel six times per year. Produce an annual publication if enough material / interest is available. Co-ordinate the distribution of the Speleo Spiel to all members on the distribution list. For more information, contact Jamie on 0409 427 966 or by email Club Matters A big welcome to our newest p rospective member Anna G reenham. Look for Anna’s article on page 4. Advance Notice of the AGM A dvance notice of the AGM to be h eld in the gear store on Wednesday, 6th December at 8pm. More information on page 4. From the Gear Store T he gear store is now looking a bit m ore like it should; the vast number o f ropes we have recently had ‘s t ored’ underground, are now stored back in the rope-rack. Helmet Grant Success S TC has been granted a $500 grant f rom the office of Sport and R ecreation through the Tasmanian G overnment Community Support L evy. In the near future this money will be spent an d new SRT suitable helmets will appear in the gear store. Karst Care Group Forming T hrough the efforts of the Northern C averneers, a Karst and Cave group i s being formed in the North of the s tate. This will be a part of the DPIWE WildCare scheme. EMP Pot (IB143) T he entrance of EMP Pot (in one of t he benches of the former Benders Q uarry) was visited on 12/8/2000 and a several large blocks have fallen f rom the ‘dubious stack’ above the e ntrance into the entrance and have b locked it. It may be possible to re m ove these to clear the entrance, b ut anyone heading down that way should take extreme care! Fruehauf SRT Training F or novices to old hands, learn some n ew skills and/or refine some old. Commencing in November on the 2nd and 4th Wednesdays (and the 5th Wed n esday on November 29) from 6 pm at Fruehauf Quarry, South Hobart. Contact Jeff on 03 6223 8620 for more details.


Speleo Spiel – Issue 321, August – September 2000 3 VALE, Des Lyons – Foundation Member of the TCC By Albert Goede In The Mercury on 24 August, 2000, the death was announced of Des Lyons, a foundation member of TCC. Des was a member of the Hobart Walking Club at the time of TCC's formation and joined together with a number of other Walking Club members such as Leo and Jessie Luckman, Peter Allnut, Heather Guilline and Pat Wessing. Des was the eldest son of a former Prime Minister of Australia, Joseph Lyons and Dame Enid Lyons, who was also d eeply involved in Australian politics despite bringing up a large family. He was trained in the legal profession and worked as a country lawyer in Northern Tasmania for a number of years before coming to Hobart in the 1950's to teach mathematics at what was then Hobart Highschool. Des's early efforts at cave exploration were concentrated in northern Tasmania, especially Mole Creek. He was one of those responsible for the initial exploration of caves such as Lynds Cave, Croesus Cave, Kubla Khan, Little Trimmer, Mersey Hill Cave and a number of others. He also carried out some early exploratory work in areas such as Lorinna, Moina, Gunns Plains and Loongana. In western Tasmania he was involved in exploration of karst areas along the Gordon and Jane Rivers. Des was unable to swim and to get across the Mersey River to Lynds Cave in the early days before the river was diverted into the Forth was for him a major undertaking and not without considerable risk. Des was short of stature and carried a lot of weight around the middle but d espite this handicap he was remarkably agile and a good climber. After the discovery of The Pleasure Dome in Kubla Khan in 1957 by some of us using rubber dinghies, Des pioneered a highlevel climbing route through the stream passage to by-pass the deep pools of the River Alph. The route had s uch memorable features as Drum Drop (a fuel drum strategically arranged on a narrow ledge to serve as a stepping stone) and the Stalactite Shuffle. Des was responsible for naming a number of caves and many cave features in the Mole Creek area. Des could be a difficult and argumentative person and on occasions made more enemies than friends. Thanks to his legal training he would never loose an argument no matter how far-fetched some of the evidence he would advance on occasions. He was a great believer in creationism which did not endear him to the geologists in the club and was strongly opposed to the introduction of decimal currency (but is was introduced anyway). He also nearly caused the club to split down the middle when he marshalled a list of carefully documented points as to why cave maps should be plotted with magnetic north at the top! In 1958 he was elected as TCC's delegate to the Second ASF Conference which was held in Hobart. The appoinment was made in order to counter what was seen as the excessive influence of NSW caving clubs in the budding federation! Unfort unately I was in Eur ope at the time so did not attend but have been assured by many that it was a very lively meeting! Des got the last word by subsequently writing poems about some of the mainland caving clubs. They were published in 1960 in Bulletin No.4 of the Tasmanian Caverneering Club. SSS showed remarkable restraint by not serving him with a libel suit. A colourful early Tasmanian caver has passed on. Sometimes I cannot help but wonder if he is not still at the Pearly Gates arguing with St Peter for special entry concessions for pensioners. .....the 4th ANNUAL STC DINNER (theme: Your Favorite Cave Critter) It’s that time of the year again................. This years Annual Dinner is being held at Francistown on Saturday December 9th. The venue is Arthur Clarke’s place and Robyn Claire has generously offered to do the catering (a repeat deal by the team who made the 2nd Annual dinner so great!) The damage is $15 per head, BYOG, but a few local wines will no doubt see the light of day before the evening is over. Those on a tight budget might like to be kitchen hands for a period to help Robyn with either food preparation and / or the big clean-up, so don’t get put off if your finances are low! There is plenty of room for those who wish to crash (some beds, more floor space, tons of great camping), so why not come and make a weekend of it. Associated caving options are many and varied and may include: a trip to Exit Cave, a trip to Wolf Hole, relaxing at the sleepy Francistown hollow, check out the New Hastings Cave Visitors Centre / Swim at the Thermal Pool, or something of your own fancy. Please RSVP by the AGM to reserve your place.


Speleo Spiel – Issue 321, August – September 2000 4 Notice of the Annual General Meeting: December 6, 2000 The 2000 STC Annual General Meeting (AGM) will be held on Wednesday, December 6 at the STC gear store commencing at 8:00pm. Refreshments will be provided. For those requiring directions to the gear store, it is located at 22 Clutha Place, South Hobart (up the driveway). Please park in Clutha Place itself, rather than blocking the ‘slip road’. For more information regarding directions, please contact Jeff on 6223 8620. Any agenda items for discussions must be presented to the Secretary no later than November 6. If you are unable to attend, you may exercise your vote by competing the Proxy / Nomination form overleaf and forwarding it with you proxy to the AGM, or by posting it to the Secretary, STC, PO Box 416, Sandy Bay 7006. If you wish to know more about each STC position, grab a copy of the August – September issue of the Speleo Spiel (#315p8-12). If you do not have a copy, please contact Jeff. NOTE: ALL ANNUAL SUBSCRIPTIONS are due at the AGM. Please refer to the advance motion below regarding changes to the subscription fees. The following Motion from the Treasurer has been received. It was also printed in the last Spiel. The Treasurer, Arthur Clarke proposes the following two-part motion to be presented to the AGM in regard to a fee rise for the next STC year 2000-2001, and onwards: (a) The STC fees be increased by $5.00 for all membership categories (including the affiliation of ASF for Life Members), except that the increase for Household Membership be increased by $7.50 and (b) The Speleo Spiel subscription rate be increased to $25.00. Objections to the Mt. Cripps EL Going to Mining Tribunal By Arthur Clarke There were originally four organisations opposing the Mt. Cripps EL proposal. Currently the three caving groups are maintaining their objections to the exploration license (EL) where Western Metals the owners of the Hellyer Mine – are now seeking to establish limestone quarry site/s in the Mt. Cripps limestone (and its karst). The three groups maintaining objections are: Australian Speleological Federation (ASF), Savage River Caving Club (SRCC) and Southern Tasmanian Caverneers (STC). STC has requested that ASF represent its case in any subsequent action in r egard to the objections to EL: 17/99 – the exploration license proposal to establish limestone quarry sites at Mt. Cripps. The EDO (Environmental Defenders Office) has been asked to represent ASF and effectively to represent us (STC) by virtue of representing ASF. The EDO has not given a firm commitment, if only because we have not received a hearing date for Mining Tri bunal and they don't have an active solicitor there at present: the last solicitor (Susan Gunter) finished up at theend of the third week in September. The Mining Tribunal is a regular court hearing part of Magistrates Court hence the need for legal representation and we have been advised by MRT to get legal representation. Another reason for legal representation being because under the new revamped Mineral Resources Development Act (of 1995) never tested in a court of law before there is this new Section 15 (1) or 15 (2) that relates to objectors having to prove their Estate or Interest in an area in order to lodge objections to exploration or mining proposals. In legal terms that means we have to establish legal standing to prove our right for our case/ our objections / our point of view to be heard, let alone for us to even be able to oppose the quarry development. So effectively, this is what will happen for first part of our legal proceedings when the casse is brought for mention at the Mining Tribunal: establishing our legal standing before the actual case even gets a hearing. At this stage it is anticipated that the case will come forward to the Mining tribunal in late November or early December. Burning Down The House 20/8/2000 Party: David Rasch, Adras Galambos, Hans Bernisch, Anna Greenham By Anna Greenham This trip was a slightly less masochistic alternative to the Winter Challenge. With cloud down to the valley and drizzle lasting all day, what better place to be than underground? This was my first trip with the S.T.C. and the excitement started before I even got to the cave travelling in Geoff’s ‘caving car’. The eagerness with which someone gave up the front seat for me had more to do with the statistics of surviving head on collisions than any chivalry on his part! After a mercifully short tramp through forestry land, walking on a false floor of vegetation, we arrived at the muddy cave entrance. A short scramble led up to the start of the rock fall chamber. The first more vertical section was aided with a ladder, although the top section was tight eno ugh not to need it. Then followed plenty of grovelling through more areas of rock fall – some of the tighter corners reminding me of my work on the labour ward at the hospital. The cave e ventually opened out to the streamway. We reached the furthest point and, not satisfied with that, Hans scaled a vertical section at the end, hoping to find a lead. The rock was loose and unfortunately petered out into more rock fall with no obvious leads. We retraced out route out, taking time to look at three small skeletal deposits, a rare seven legged Tasmanian cave spider, the more usual eight legged variety, and a large group of cave wetas. We also looked at several side passages and formational areas, but no-one could be persuaded to continue further upstream. This was a great introductory trip for me and quite similar to my recent New Zealand caving experiences. Were there any differences? The main ones I noticed were using electric lights (making underground group hugs much safer than with carbide), and the use of ladders. Apart from that it seems that caves are dark wet and muddy the world over!


Speleo Spiel – Issue 321, August – September 2000 5 ANNUAL GENERAL MEETING-NOMINATION & PROXY FORM Appointment of Proxy for the STC Annual General Meeting. I, _____________________________ appoint ___________________________ as my proxy to vote on by behalf at the STC Annual General Meeting to be held on 6th December, 2000. If necessary/relevant, please indicate any particular ways your proxy should vote on any resolutions under consideration. __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ in addition, I would like to make the following nominations. I wish to nominate __________________________ for the position of _________________________ I wish to nominate __________________________ for the position of _________________________ I wish to nominate __________________________ for the position of _________________________ I wish to nominate __________________________ for the position of _________________________ signed _____________________________, dated __/__/2000 Return this form to the Secretary, STC, PO Box 416, Sandy Bay 7006, by 5:00 p.m. on 4/12/2000, or have your proxy deliver it in person to the AGM. Southern Tasmanian Caverneers Inc. Membership Renewal Form I/We: Member type* Postal Address (BH) (AH) (FAX) (MOB) Email: (*Insert “ F ”, “ J ”, “ H ”, “ C ”, “ L-ASF ” or “ L-AC ” as appropriate (see below): F ull1/ J unior2/ H ousehold3/ C oncession4/ L ife with full ASF membership5/ L ife with Aust. Caver subscription only6) would like to renew my/our membership, and enclose the appropriate membership subscription. Note, that if payment if forwarde d before or no later than 3 months of the ANNUAL GENERAL MEETING (i.e. by 6th March 2001), then the PPD (Prompt Payment Discount) rate is applicable. The amount of my/our payment (cheque/money order payable to “STC”) enclosed is $_______ Please forward this form and your payment to: The Treasurer, STC, P.O. Box 416, Sandy Bay 7006. Thanks. NOTES 1. F ull(for persons 18 years or older) $50.00 ($40.00 PPD). 2. J unior (for persons under 18 years of age) $30.00 ($25.00 PPD). 3. H ousehold (for two persons 18 years or older and any number of persons under 18 years of age, all having the same residential ad dress) $72.50 ($62.500 PPD). 4. C oncession (for persons 18 years or older, whom are either Students, unemployed or entitled to some other concession) $40.00 ($30.00 PPD). 5. L ife with full ASF membership (for life members who are actively caving and require ASF Insurance) $25.00 ($20.00 PPD). 6. L ife with Aust. Caver subscription only (for life members who are no longer actively caving and do not require ASF Insurance, b ut would like to receive the Australian Caver ) $20.00 (no PPD available).


Speleo Spiel – Issue 321, August – September 2000 6 De-rigging Khazad Dum: A Trip Down Memory Lane in the Junee-Florentine? – 4/8/2000 Party: Hans Benisch, Jeff Butt, Arthur Clarke, Andras Galambos and Jason Rowe. By Arthur Clarke Friday August 4th 2000: The title is a bit misleading: I thought this was going to be a trip down memory lane for me, because I thought I had been to Khazad Dum (KD) in the early 1970’s, so I was keen to check it out while the cave was still rigged. I was also keen to get some SRT practice in. With an impending trip to SW China coming up and lots of SRT work being on the agenda, I figured that as one of the oldies on this expedition, I needed to keep my SRT skills tuned up. We convened at Jeff Butt’s residence for an 8am getaway in the Magna – a change from the Orana with a few errands to do for Hans along the way. It all seemed to be going well till AC noticed steam coming out from under the car bonnet and the temperature gauge registering a rather high spot – so it looked as if the Orana was not going to get a day off after all. A fuel stop at local garage in North Hobart soon revealed the problem: the Magna’s thermostat had seized – it wasn’t opening. Some quick running repairs and a replacement soon saw us on our way heading out of Hobart just before 10am. Apart from some residual water spray on the radiator still emerging as steam from the bonnet, the repair had been successful and we were soon heading up the Junee Quarry Road to our parking site at “ Jocks Rock ”. The walk through the forest was pleasant enough; Jeff showed us the turnoffs to other well-known caves in the area including the well-reflectorised track to Splash Pot – courtesy of Dave Rasch’s efforts. While Andras, Hans and Jason went into KD Jeff and I re-checked the tape measurement of the first leg of a survey from KD to JF69. The trip in was great, but it didn’t look familiar to me. The digital camera soon appeared to capture some entrance shots and views of Jeff going through the Serpentine Route We caught up with the others just past the flattner and descended the first few pitches rigged with 11mm, then down the two pitches rigged with 8.5mm: the “ Ninety Foot ” and the “ Seventy Foot ”. The bottom end of the rope was extraordinarily slick and polished, not offering much friction for a descender. We followed the main streamway to the start of the waterfall pitches. Jeff and I made a brief detour, then caught up to Hans at the first 7metre waterfall pitch. where I piked – using the excuse that I didn’t want to run the risk of getting water in the digital camera! However, some quite reasonable images were had of Hans and Jeff at the waterfall pitch. While the others continued down to start de-rigging the lower pitches, JB and AC went back to the Serpentine Route passage to look for cave beasties… and JB located some dead millipedes. During our lunch break at the junction with the main streamway, Jeff spied another lead, but after a short free climb it soon became apparent that it would be easier to get up than get down again without a rope! Continuing out along the main streamway towards the “ Seventy Foot ”, AC found some more beasties on a piece of wood wedged into a crevice: isopods, springtail and a symphylan, plus the beetle that got away! JB and I ascended the first pitch then continued on at a leisurely pace with the others coming out behind. The others caught up to us while I was preparing to ascend the “ Ninety Foot ” pitch. The rest of the trip out was fairly uneventful, though some packs were a bit heavier than they when they went in. A few more photo opportunities were had along the way and then just to be different, we abseiled down the Scaling Pole pitch back into the main streamway to exit from the main entrance. We emerged in darkness and the two smokers had our celebratory smokes then trundled down the track, though Andras and AC mana ged to get lost on the way. It was then home via New Norfolk to ch eck out the cuisine at the local pizza shop. Postscript: I realised I hadn’t been to KD before… though parts of it looked sort of familiar. And subsequently, I discovered that our 16 person expedition party to China Andras, Hans and Jason preparing their gear. Photo by Arthur Clarke J eff climbing through a section of the Serpentine Passage. Photo by Arthur C. Arthur negotiating a tight section of KD. Photo by Jeff Butt.


Speleo Spiel – Issue 321, August – September 2000 6 includes four of us in our fifties, plus a 63year old and a 67 year old! Scratch Pot Survey By Dave Rasch Scratch pot was explored and surveyed by Jol Desmarchelier and myself last year, the details are in Speleo Spiel #315, p1314. Here is the survey of this cave. S urveyed: D.Rasch, J. Desmarchelier Survey Date: 14 August 1999 Drawn: D. Rasch M ap 7JF250.STC12 Scratch Pot (JF250) R igging Details a) Log 5m back from hole. b) R ebelay LH wall off small stal in tightest section. c) Long tape around block in side passage. Long tape around large block on lip. Drape through “The Sphincter” to rebelay. d) Long trace around 3m bollard on RH wall. e) T race around cemented blocks in floor at lip. f) Redirect off small stal on RHS at head height. Bones ? Y-shaped log The Boneyard ? P 3 The Sphincter L og scratches J F250 (a) (b) (c) ( d) (e) (f) -78m Vertical section 0 5 m 10m 15m 2 0m Bones T oo tight B ridge Bones Logs The Sphincter A nimal s cratches JF250 Plan 0 5m 10m


Speleo Spiel – Issue 321, August – September 2000 8 Exit Cave System Fully Reserved! By Greg Middleton On 2 August 2000 the Tasmanian Government completed the reservation of the Exit Cave system, begun in 1917, by incorporating the whole of the Benders Quarry site in the Southwest National Park. The earliest move to protect the Exit Cave system in the Ida Bay karst of southern Tasmania dates back to at least 1917 when a small reserve (16.2 ha) was created under the Mining Act over the entrance to Mystery Creek Cave. This reserve was completely enclosed by a mining lease and did not cover the full extent of the cave (see Fig. 1). So began a process of providing statutory protection for the Exit Cave system which has only now been successfully completed. The original quarry between Lune Sugarloaf and Marble Hill, Blayneys Quarry, was operated from 1930 to 1959 by Commonwealth Carbide to supply limestone to its smelter at Electrona. Newlands or Benders Quarry, about a kilometre to the east, was started in the early 1950s by Commonwealth Carbide and was taken over by Benders in 1975. Under Benders the quarry continued to supply the carbide works until 1981 but also supplied high grade limestone to EZ’s zinc smelter at Risdon and produced agricultural lime and road construction material (Miedecke & Partners 1991). Bender’s lease was ‘consolidated’ in 1982 with an area of 487 hectares. When the Exit Cave State Reserve was established in April 1979 (Harris 1979) it was limited broadly to the area recommended by Richards & Ollier (1976) and although it included the old reserve at Mystery Creek Cave, this remained a separate portion, cut off by the mining lease, which persisted despite the fact that the quarry within it had not been worked for many years (Fig. 1). The State Reserve covered a total of 440.5 ha When the original World Heritage nomination for the Western Tasmanian Wilderness National Parks was submitted in 1981 it was decreed that this should only embrace the contiguous national parks (Southwest, Franklin-Lower Gordon Wild Rivers, Cradle Mtn-Lake St Clair, etc). Although the Parks Service had no doubt of the World Heritage significance of Exit Cave, it could not be nominated since the State Reserve did not adjoin the Southwest National Park. The Helsham Inquiry into the World Heritage values of the Lemonthyme and Southern Forests found (by a majority of two-to-one) that Exit Cave and its environs qualified as World Heritage (Helsham, Hitchcock & Wallace 1988). The Commission was of the view that the area necessary for the protection of the World Heritage values of the cave and its environs was considerably larger than the minimalist position adopted by Richards and Ollier a decade before. The Helsham bo undary extended much further eastward, to the summit of Lune Sugarloaf and westward to the then eastern b oundary of the Southwest National Park. Nevertheless, the Helsham recommendations overall proved woefully inadequate and much larger areas were actually nominated as World Heritage and, in December 1989, listed. The Heads of Agreement between the State of Tasmania and the Commonwealth, signed 28 November 1998, regarding the extended area to be nominated, included the following reference to Bender’s Quarry: The Commonwealth agree that the operation of Benders’ quarry within the Exit Cave area nominated for World Heritage listing can continue provided that acceptable limits are set to the scale and development of the operation. Should any financial loss result from any limits placed on the operation, the Commonwealth will pay compensation direct to the company concerned. On 27 June 1990 the Southwest National Park was extended to the east, encompassing Exit Cave State Reserve, and extinguishing it. At the same time, the 77 hectare Marble Hill Conservation Area was created (entirely surrounded by the extended national park) to facilitate the continued operation of the quarry. As a pre-existing right it could have persisted within the national park, but this was not deemed appropriate so a separate “conservation area” was proclaimed. A period of intense arguing followed, with cavers and conservationists pointing out the likely damage being done to the Exit system, and the damage it would suffer in future, from a proposed expanded quarry (Miedecke & Partners 1991) (see, eg Houshold & Spate 1990, Kiernan 1991, 1993). Ultimately it was established that the quarry could not be conducted without serious impact on the World Heritage values of the Exit system and the quarry was closed down by the Commonwealth in August 1992, with compensation being paid to the former operator. A highly successful, and on-going, rehabilitation scheme was then implemented (Dept. of the Arts, Sport, the Environment and Territories and Dept. of Environment & Land Management 1993, Houshold 1997). It took a further eight years after the closing of the quarry for the State Government to be comfortable about incorporating the quarry site in the national park which had surrounded it for ten years. The proclamation of the extended national park under the National Parks &Wildlife Act 1970 (Statutory Rules 2000 No. 113) was gazetted on 2 August 2000, following tacit approval of the draft by both Houses of the Tasmanian Parliament. REFERENCES DEPT. OF THE ARTS, SPORT, THE ENVIRONMENT & TERRITORIES AND DEPT. OF ENVIRONMENT & LAND MANAGEMENT 1993 Rehabilitation Plan: the Lune River quarry, southern Tasmania. DASET & DELM: Hobart. 26pp. HARRIS, Steve 1979 A new State reserve. Southern Caver, 10(4):17-19. HELSHAM, HITCHCOCK & WALLACE 1988 Report of the Commission of Inquiry into the Lemonthyme and Southern Forests. Dept. of the Arts, Sport, the Environment, Tourism and Territories: Canberra; 2 vols. HOUSHOLD, Ian 1997 Karst impacts and environmental rehabilitation of a limestone quarry at Lune River, southern Tasmania. [in] Henderson, Household & Middleton (Eds) Cave and karst management in Australasia 11: Proc. 11th Australasian conf. on cave and karst management. ACKMA & PWS Tas. : Hobart, pp. 138-175. HOUSHOLD, Ian & SPATE, Andrew 1990 The Ida Bay karst study: geomorphology and hydrology of the Ida Bay karst area. Report to Tas. Dept. of Parks, Wildlife & Heritage; Hobart. KIERNAN, Kevin 1991 The Exit Cave quarry, Ida Bay karst system, Tasmanian World Heritage Area; a geohydrological perspective. Report to Tas. Dept. of Parks, Wildlife & Heritage: Hobart. KIERNAN, Kevin 1993 The exit Cave quarry: tracing water flows and resource policy evaluation. Helictite, 31(2):27-42. MIEDECKE, John & Partners 1991 Benders Quarry: quarry development and environmental management plan (draft). John Miedecke & Partners: Hobart.


Speleo Spiel – Issue 321, August – September 2000 9


Speleo Spiel – Issue 321, August – September 2000 10 JF5 and JF69 Piecing Together More of the Khazad Dum Puzzle: 17/8/2000 Party: Trevor Wailes and Jeff Butt. By Jeff Butt The aim of the day was to visit JF5, resurvey it and have a thorough explore. I was thinking that maybe it will provide the key to a connection between Khazad Dum and Splash Pot. I was also quite interested in seeing what JF5 was like and where it actually joined into K.D. If time permitted, we also planned to check out JF69, which is situated a similar distance from the JF4 entrance of K.D., but on the other side of the gully. JF5 We cruised in, down the entrance slope to a small chamber, climbed down behind a large boulder and down a rift (6c). Whilst I was rigging, Trev looked at a couple of small passages here but these soon choked out. Continuing down another short steep slope (with a short rope as a handline anchored to a couple of jugs on the left hand wall) led to a small chamber and the first pitch proper. A convenient bollard up high on the right (where we started a 21 m rope) allowed me to tension traverse out along the right wall to a small sloping ledge where a bolt marker (on the opposite wall) was situated. The nylon bolt marker was screwed hard in and was very difficult to extract. Under the spanner if flexed wildly but wasn’t keen to budge. After 10 minutes of stuffing around with it and avoiding penduluming off the sloping ledge, I managed to remove it and get a hanger in to secure my position. (NB: there is no need to screw bolt markers into the hilt, a couple of turns will do.) At the bottom of the pitch (and on the knot in the end of the rope), I was in standing on a ledge between waterfalls of ‘the Wet Way’ of K.D. I had a bit of a look ar ound for bolts or natural anchors, but nothing useful could be found. Straight down the next pitch was very wet, but if one headed out the rift along the right hand wall and found a suitable anchor, one would have a dry descent. Anyway, we had sussed out where JF5 joined JF4 and so surveyed our way out. The survey of JF5 is shown below, basically JF5 heads directly towards K.D. and directly away from Splash Pot. JF5 has a surveyed length of 60 m, and at a depth of 43 m joins into K.D., i.e. at this point you are standing in ‘the wet way’ of K.D. It would be good to return to do K.D. the wet way during a dry period; this is the only part of K.D. (apart from the Depths of Moria) which are yet to be added to our re-survey. It wasn’t long and we were on the surface, the day was still young so we headed over to have a look at JF69. # # Survey (Grade 54) by T. Wailes & J. Butt 17/8/2000. Drawn by J. Butt 20/9/2000. STC Map 7JF5.STC15. COPYRIGHTPLAN N 0 5 10 m 0510 mVERTICAL SECTION (along 235 -055 ) old Loxin Casing (no eyebolt) arch 6c behind big boulder 14p main Khazad Dum streamway enters from northwest side of shaft K.D. the Wet Way ~25p JF5 tagJF5 Entrance to Khazad Dum Relocatable Survey Stations JF5 tag at entrance Bolt casing at top of 14 p K.D. the Wet Way main Khazad Dum streamway 14p ~25p 6c 3 10h ledge old Loxin Casing (no eyebolt) cliff line ledge 11 3 0 -43 m 10h too tight too tight Rigging Information 10 h. 13 m rope, 2 naturals on the LH wall. 14 p. 21 m rope, tie back to 10 h. Good bollard up high on the right. Traverse out right onto sloping ledge, bolt on the LH wall at chest height. 1 JF5 tag 10


Speleo Spiel – Issue 321, August – September 2000 11 JF69 Again, we decided to explore on the way in and survey on the way out. About 15 m in a short climb (4c) is reached, we added a handline for convenience. Beyond that a large chamber is reached with several ways on. Some thrutching around by both of us in separate directions eventually found us back at the same point in a small passage which soon intersected a small streamway. We followed this ‘good Yorkshire style cave’ down for quite a way, it became wetter and lower as it went, and eventually b ecame too low and soaking to be bothered pushing. So, we surveyed our way out. Upstream passages headed back towards the K.D. entrance and under the surface stream. The survey (see above) shows that JF69 heads Northwest, back under the contact. It reaches a depth of 28 m and has a length of ~165 m. The south-eastern most passage of JF69 extends to about 10 m of the K.D. entrance, some pushing/digging may result in a connection being made with K.D. right at the JF4 entrance. # Survey (Grade 54) by T. Wailes & J. Butt 17/8/2000. Drawn by J. Butt 20/9/2000. STC Map 7JF69.STC16. COPYRIGHTPLAN N 0 5 10 m 0510 mVERTICAL SECTION (along 320 -140 ) JF69 (un-named)Relocatable Survey Station JF69 tag 0 very low and wet very low and wet JF69 tag JF69 tag 4h too low too low 2c 2c 1 too tight-28 mtoo tight spider chamber crawl ? squeeze crawl low ? 4h too tight too tight crawl squeeze low surface stream flows into Khazad Dum spider chamber CROSS SECTIONS A B C D E F G H A B D E F G H H G F E A B C D JF69 Entrance JF4 Entrance JF5 Entrance JF40 Entrance 0 1020304050 m C a ves around the Khazad Dum Entrance PLAN NSplash Pot (lies about 50 m beneath other caves in this area)Khazad Dum Serpentine Route Main Route Wet Way Scaling Pole Route Serpentine Route


Speleo Spiel – Issue 321, August – September 2000 12 In the Serpentine route of K.D. (see the line diagram below) there is a small tributary coming in from the Northwest; it had be en hypothesised that this was the JF69 water. From the lie of the limestone beds (dipping down to the Northeast), this does seem quite likely. It is worth noting that there are other streamways of similiar magnitude very close by, e.g. the one flowing dow n at the bottom of JF40, and the one flowing in at the distant end of Splash Pot. A bit of dye-tracing would be helpful to determi ne the continuity (or otherwise) of these small streams in the area. Back on the surface, it was still daylight and we enjoyed a leisurely stroll back to the car. We hadn’t had a big day, but had achieved what we set out to do. Gradually we are shaping out the pieces of the Khazad Dum jigsaw puzzle and are slowly piecing them together. Wolf Hole: 13/8/2000 Party: Hans Benisch, Steve Phipps, Dave Rasch, Jeff Butt. By Jeff Butt Another survey trip back to ‘old Wolfie’. For variety Dave and Hans took a bee-line from the car to Wolf Hole, which was shorter in distance and about the same in time as the round-about tr ack. Anyway, down in the cave we spent a bit of warm-up time having a look at the area Steve, Hugh and Liz surveyed on 29/7/00 and tidied up a couple of loose ends (near station 217) before heading for some ‘new country’. We surveyed from station 92 downstream back toward the main entrance. With Steve, Dave and I surveying, Hans was free to expend lots of energy climbing around rifts in the ceiling and a lot of ground was covered. The streamway became too small and other passages led off to a hole at the base of the humus slope from the main entrance. A few legs from the other side of the small hole allowed us to close yet another loop in the Wolf Hole survey. We then made a start on the area to the south-west of the entrance (from station 152), and by the end of the day had totalled 440 m of survey, bringing the tally to around 2.5 km. Looking at the survey, Wolf Hole has a vertiable maze of passages ar ound the entrance coll apse, in fact there seems to be very little holding up the walls of the entrance shaft! Another enjoyable trip, topped off by Franklin Pizza en-route home. Wolf Hole: 17/9/2000 Party: Dave Rasch, Jeff Butt. By Jeff Butt Another trip to add to the surveying of Wolf Hole. We again took the direct route up to the entrance, just branch up the hill about 50 m in from the road. In the cave, Dave was keen to check out the passage beyond station 78, where we had ‘suspended’ the survey at the top of an exposed 5 m climb. Some long-legged manoeuvres allowed the climb to be negotiated and we were soon into some narrow passage of a somewhat Splash Pot nature (thus we called this area: “Oh’s like Splash Pot!” or “Oh No” for brevity). We continued on through this quite narrow stuff doing a couple more interesting down-climbs and eventually reached a ‘rope needed’ down-climb. Back-tracking at one right angle ‘on your belly’ bend Dave noted a small hole off to one side. He removed a couple of rocks and squeezed through to some virgin cave. We surveyed another series of legs through this breezy region; the cave is very maze like here, there were holes heading up in the ceiling and all over the place. We were again stopped by a ‘rope needed’ down-climb. With some effort we retraced out steps back to larger (and friendlier) regions. This little two hour detour was somewhat sporty; this fact being attested to by our 25 surveyed legs only adding about 70 m of length to the cave. We next headed to the maze of side passages passed on the way to Lake Pluto. We surveyed a loop from station 95 back to station 91 before heading to the next maze near station 100. This part of the cave was extremely maze like ( “A-Mazing” ) and led us to a sizeable streamway the neither of us had been to before. There were leads going off everywhere, so we made a start on fleshing out the ‘main drag’. The ‘main drag’ seemed to follow a fissure in the ceiling that was admitting quite a lot of drips and minor inlets along it’s length. After a distance we passed a ‘floor divide’ and upstream now became downstream. The passage took a turn for the worse, low and wet and we ‘parked’ the survey there, opting to flesh out some of the easier leads first! We made more loops and six hours after entering the cave deemed it time to head home. Entrance Lake Pluto Lake Charon 0 100 m NOh No A-Mazing Line diagram of Wolf Hole as at 17/9/2000


Speleo Spiel – Issue 321, August – September 2000 13 For variety we decided to follow the old blue tapes; they head steeply back to the road, reaching it about 100 m further along from where the current track starts. The day’s efforts added 360 m of length to the cave, bringing the tally to 2.86 km (406 survey legs). It was a fun trip, finding some virgin cave, and quite a bit of cave that was ‘new’ to both of us. I’d hazard a guess that we’ve probably now surveyed something like 75% of the ‘cave’....but that is only a guess. We don’t know of too many ‘large sections’ of the cave that have yet to be surveyed....but indeed there may well be! A line diagram of the survey as it stands at the moment is included here (you might like to compare this with that shown in Speleo-Spiel 320). As we survey more and more, it becomes apparent that Wolf Hole is a network of passages developed within an ~50 m wide by 500 m long band of the dolomite, oriented NNW-SSE. Satan's Lair: 6/8/2000 Party: Alaric Bennett, Jeff Butt and Steve Phipps By Steve Phipps This particular Sunday got off to a slow start for the author, who was suffering from the after-effects of a highly enjoyable, but very alcoholic, barbeque the night before. Still, my years as a student caver had taught me that caving is a great hangover cure, so I resisted the temptation to stay in bed and gradually got my gear together. I could probably have done without a ride in the back of Al's Land Rover, but Jeff and I gamely took it in turns and shared the turbulence. Fortunately, we were soon heading up Chrisp's Road, where we encountered our first obstacle a number of trees that had been blown across the road. The Land Rover came into its own here and we were able to pull all but one out of the way. The last one refused to budge, leaving us with an extra kilometre to walk to Satan's Lair. Carrying on up the road by foot, we soon faced our next obstacle some particularly dense regrowth forest. On a previous trip, Jeff had managed to get a fix on the entrance using the GPS, which was to prove invaluable. On that trip, it had taken Jeff three hours to locate the cave. Even with the GPS, it took us an hour to negotiate the 500m from the road to the entrance, an obscure slot hidden behind some ferns. Without the GPS, the cave would have been virtually impossible to locate and so I can only assume that it was initially discovered after the area was logged. It really does make you wonder how many entrances remain to be discovered in Tasmania's forests... To help future visitors, Al taped the middle section of the route. It had been taped at some point in the past; we located the old tapes shortly before reaching the entrance. Heading down the cave, I gained my first taste of rigging a Tasmanian cave. Satan's Lair descends in a series of short pitches and climbs, many of which are loose and so must be descended with care. On one of the climbs, a wrong move would probably result in several tonnes of rock being deposited on the caver in question. The cave ends with a lovely 21m pitch into a medium-sized chamber. We reached this point using every single piece of rigging gear we had brought with us and wit hout there being more than a spare metre of r ope on any of the pitches, a particularly fine piece of packing by Jeff. Future visitors should consider taking a few chocks with them though in our c ase, this would have avoided some slightly minimalist rigging whereby the backup belay on one of the pitches was a knot wedged into a crack! We explored the final chamber, enjoying some impressive straws at the back and with Al finding an archaeological artefact a tube of Nestle condensed milk that we estimated to date from around 1970. After lunch we headed out, making a rapid exit and reaching the surface five hours after we had begun our descent. All in all, an enjoyable trip. And yes, the author's hangover had receded by the end of the day (although wet caves are a more effective cure!). Jeff’s Rigging information: We had the following ropes, used in the following order (if my memory serves me correctly): Entrance pitch (21 m plus a 7 m shorty to lead to the 2nd pitch), 14 p (16 m), 8p (11 m), 12p+6c (13m +6 m tied together, it was useful to have a rope for the top of the 6c), 4c, 5c, 6p (11m), 9 p (13m), 22p (28 m). The P-Hanger Bolting Project A Report of Some Progress and a ‘Field Trip’-12/8/2000 By Jeff Butt You may recall that there has been talk of re-bolting Midnight Hole for some time. We had an initial play with some hardware in 1999, as reported in Speleo-Spiels 311 (page 3), and 312 (page 3). Several obstacles then appeared and the project effectively stalled. However over the previous few months some key obstacles, to wit: DMM Eco-hangers (the 'P' hangers used in the UK), and in fact any breed of P-hangers proved to be difficult to procure. However in June a shipment of 40 (purchased by Parks and Wildlife) finally arrived. A local supplier (Reid Constructions Pty. Ltd. in Sydney) of a ‘glue’ (Swiftchem 3 Plus 3) deemed to be equivalent to that used in the UK (Exchem Resifix 3 Plus) was located. The people from Reid’s were very helpful, a recent visit by one of their representatives allowed us talk about the job at hand, and Reid’s subsequently donated a sample of Swiftchem and installation gun/nozzles to the project. With these obstacles overcome, we were in a position to move to doing some test installations. Our first field trip for this purpose occurred on August 12th. August 12th Field trip: Participants: Dave Rasch, Hans Benisch, Ian Houshold, Steve/Kathy/Grace Bunton, Jeff Butt Our group (loaded down with all sorts of ‘this might be useful hardware’) headed down to the X-Benders quarry and lugged all our gear up to some of the benches to be used as our test site. There were several aims for the day, including: to test a spit removal device, and to see how easy it was to re-drill the old spit hole to take a P-hanger, to install a test bed of a dozen P-hangers using the Swiftchem resin, to gain some experience with the whole process in an above ground site where any blunders, spillage etc. wouldn’t cause any damage to the cave environment. to do a Midnight Hole pull-through trip to discuss the installation sites for the bolts at each pitch-head (catering for both pull-through and SRT trips).


Speleo Spiel – Issue 321, August – September 2000 14 Here’s a summary of what went on in relation to each of these aims. Spit Removal. The spit removal device consists of an 8 mm diameter, 20 mm long high tensile steel machine bolt which has been ground down so that the first 5 mm was about 5 mm in diameter. As this modified bolt is screwed into a bolt casing, the end contacts the inside of the cone, subsequent turning of the bolt pushes the cone out of the end of the casing and also pulls the casing outwards. When the bolt head was about 5 mm from the rock, the casing was loose eno ugh so that it could be pulled/levered out and then the cone recovered. A jemmy bar or similar would make the levering out a little easier. Thus it is possible to reasonably easily remove any dud bolt casings. Our simple tool worked remarkably well. It was educational to see how easily a properly placed spit could be removed! Hole Drilling. Re-drilling the old spit hole (10 mm diameter, 30 mm deep) to take a P-hanger (18 mm diameter, 110 mm deep) was accomplished using the Parks and Wildlife Ramset 24 Volt hammer drill. There were no problems over-drilling the old spit hole to take a P-hanger. This is very handy, as often old spits are located in the best position and thus replacing them with a P-hanger gives a highly durable anchor, and also allows a defunct spit to be removed from the cave. (This would not be the case for the Loxins in Midnight Hole, as the old Loxins aren’t well situated for ropework, and the hole they occupy is 7/8” in diameter, which is too large for the Phangers. We have yet to experiment with removal of the old Loxin casings, but the plan is that they will be removed and the hole grouted with resin. Rubbing some rock dust into the surface of the resin s hould make the filled hole blend better with the surrounding rock.) We soon learned that both the batteries for the Parks Drill are in very poor condition; we only managed one and a half holes before both batteries gave up the ghost. To save the day we sourced a couple of 12 Volt gel-cells (7 Amp-Hour) locally and made up a rough battery pack, this allowed us to get seven and a half holes drilled. So, for any serious re-bolting trip, an external 24 Volt battery pack (~15 Amp-Hour capacity) would be a good idea. The limestone in the area we chose for testing seemed to be really hard with a high silica content, a sharp drill bit would also be advant ageous! In order to get representative results the test holes were drilled over a large area in different layers in the limestone beds. To complete each hole, the STC hammer drill with a 12 mm bit was used to make a ‘key’ so that the lower part of the Phanger could be set into the surface of the rock so as to help resist any rotational movement. To allow for this, the main hole needs to be 120 mm deep. It would be good to get a 12 mm bit to fit the Parks drill, so that only one drill needs to be used. The STC drill is too puny to handle drilling the big holes required for P-hangers. We found it ne cessary to have one ‘see if it fits’ hanger available for testing the hole depth and key shapes. This hanger thus did get well handled, and thus was kept separate from the hangers to be installed. It is interesting to note that even with a dry hole the test hanger was sometimes difficult to remove; which augurs well for the holding power of these sorts of bolts! Hole Cleaning. Successful bonding between the glue and the rock relies on the removal of all rock dust prior to installing the hangers and resin. After drilling, the holes were cleaned thoroughly using various combinations of brushes, blowing tubes and water sprays. Swiftchem sets under water, and so the presence of moisture presents no problems. To test this to extremes, one cleaned hole (in the quarry floor) was filled with water prior to installing the hanger. It appears to be easiest to clean the holes dry, as when the dust gets wet, it tends to bind together making it more difficult to remove. The use of ‘breath powered’ blow tubes does tend to moisten the dust too, so a ‘lung free’ blower brush would be better. Our test results might shed more light on which method/combination of methods works best. P-hanger installation. Prior to the field trip, the P-hangers were brushed with a wire brush and degreased in caustic to ensure that all grease was removed. Any grease present would prevent a good glue-bolt bond from occurring. We were careful to only handle the hangers by the eye so as to avoid contaminating the ‘legs’ with finger grease. The temperature on the day was about 15C, which gave a gel-time for the resin of around 8 minutes (at cave temperatures the gel time lengthens, e.g. 20 minutes at 5C, 1 hour at 0C etc.), so we did have to ‘keep’ moving. As the resin is expelled, the two components are mixed in the nozzle (equipped with a dozen mixing baffles), when properly mixed a uniform pink colour results. Resin was expelled to waste till this colour was achieved, a small sample of resin was taken in a film container (to be kept to check for setting). Each hole was filled to about two-thirds its depth as the glue nozzle was withdrawn; this sounds easier than it is. For the first hole insufficient resin (~ half filled hole) was used, so the hanger was removed and extra resin added prior to re-insertion. This is not a recommended procedure.....but it will still be useful to test this hanger to see what effect it has on the ultimate strength. A smear of glue was placed on each side of the Phanger, and this was worked into the join between the two ‘legs’ of the hanger using an ice-cream stick. The hanger was then pushed slowly into the hole. Excess resin was then trowelled off using the ice-cream stick and wiped off with newspaper and added to the rubbish bag. As the day progressed our installation prowess improved and there was less waste. All up the seven hangers we installed used about two-thirds of our glue cartridge. With practise one should be able to get around 15-18 hangers installed per 380 ml tube of Swiftchem. Installing each hanger only took a few minutes; it was a breeze compared to drilling the holes! According to the Swiftchem specification sheet the cure time was an hour. We certainly found that the waste glue hardened quite quickly. After we had finished installing the bolts, we examined the first of them and found it to be quite solid. At 20C the recommended cure time (i.e. before loading) is 40 minutes, this lengthens to 2 hours at 5C. In the UK at 24 hours is the minimum time allowed before use to ensure that curing is complete. Midnight Hole placement discussion. Because of the ‘technical difficulties’ with the drilling the holes time was against us and so the Midnight Hole bolt-planning trip did not happen on the day. Overview. We learned quite a lot during the day, particularly with respect to having enough battery power to get enough holes drilled, and gained some valuable experience with using the Swiftchem resin. At the quarry we had an abundance of tools. For an underground bolting trip, we would need to prune this gear down somewhat. The Swiftchem was quite easy to use and work and there is a minimum of mess (especially once one is a little practised!). The longer cure times in an underground environment would make life easier in terms of having enough time to get down a pitch to the next P-hanger


Speleo Spiel – Issue 321, August – September 2000 15 site. It is obvious that on any re-bolting trip that all the drilling should be done first before any glueing occurs. The next steps with this project are: to test these trial hangers to give us some numbers and statistics in relation to the reliability of our installation methods. The strength of the actual hangers and ‘glue’ is well quantified already, but our installation procedures are yet to be proven! We will pr obably use the remaining resin to install a few more test hangers that can left for an extended period (~ 3-5 years) for future testing. to re-bolt Midnight Hole in accordance to a devised bolting plan. It is hoped that the next hurdles will be overcome somewhat more quickly than they have in the past and that the next Spiel will reveal some results of testing. Acknowledgements: Many thanks to Reid Constructions Pty. Ltd. and Tasmanian Parks and Wildlife for assisting us with this on-going project. A Complete List of the Known Mole Creek Caves By: Arthur Clarke Following on from the previously published lists of caves at Hastings, Ida Bay and North Lune (Clarke, 1999 in Speleo Spiel #312) and the more recent list of Junee-Florentine caves (Clarke, 2000 in Speleo Spiel #318), following is a tabled list of the 360 known and documented caves at Mole Creek. In the following list the acronyms given in the data columns under “was Number”, caving “Group” and “Info Source” are: 1985 KI = Australian Karst Index 1985 (edited by Peter Matthews for ASF); (E) = Entrance: this relates to instances where a cave has one or more recorded entrances; KK or “KK-89” = Kiernan, K. (1989) Karst, caves and management at Mole Creek, Tasmania. Dept. of Parks, Wildlife & Heritage, Occasional Paper, No. 22. 130pp.; MCCC = Mole Creek Caving Club; SRCC = Reference to a private, unpublished database on the “Mole Creek Caves” prepared by Bevis Dutton and members of SRCC: Savage River Caving Club; SCS = Southern Caving Society; TCC = Tasmanian Caverneering Club; TCC(NB) = Tasmanian Caverneering Club (Northern Branch) – fore-runners to NC; NC = Northern Caverneers; SE or “SE Report-91” = Eberhard, S.M., Richardson, A.M.M. & Swain, R. (1991) The invertebrate cave fauna of Tasmania. Zoology Dept., University of Tasmania. 172pp. Cave "was" number Cave Name Group Info Source MC-1 Kubla Khan (Lower Entrance) TCC 1985 KI MC-2 Crack Pot NC 1985 KI MC-3 Pyramid Cave System (Top Hole) TCC 1985 KI MC-4 Execution Pot TCC 1985 KI MC-5 The Arch TCC 1985 KI MC-6 Diamond Cave NC 1985 KI MC-7 T-Bone Cave NC 1985 KI MC-8 Red Water Pot NC 1985 KI MC-9 Devil's Earhole TCC 1985 KI MC-10 Haile Selassie TCC 1985 KI MC-11 Un-named NC 1985 KI & SRCC MC-12 Queen Of Sheba NC 1985 KI MC-13 Croesus Cave NC 1985 KI MC-14 Lynds Cave NC 1985 KI MC-15 Marakoopa 2 Cave NC 1985 KI MC-16 Glowworm Cave TCC(NB) 1985 KI MC-17 Cyclops Cave NC 1985 KI MC-18 Soda Creek Cave NC 1985 KI MC-19(E) Pyramid Top Hole NC 1985 KI MC-20 He-Hi TCC 1985 KI MC-21 Quarry Cave TCC 1985 KI MC-22 Little Gem NC 1985 KI MC-23 Maze Puzzle NC 1985 KI MC-24 Un-named TCC 1985 KI & SRCC MC-25 Hidden Cave TCC 1985 KI


Speleo Spiel – Issue 321, August – September 2000 Cave "was" number Cave Name Group Info Source MC-26 Horries Hole NC 1985 KI MC-27 Rubbish Heap Cave NC 1985 KI MC-28 Howes Cave TCC 1985 KI MC-29(E) Kubla Khan (Upper Entrance) TCC 1985 KI MC-30 Grunter Catrun 1 NC 1985 KI MC-31(E) Howes Cave NC 1985 KI MC-32 Baldocks Cave TCC 1985 KI MC-33(E) Baldocks Cave TCC 1985 KI MC-34 Grunter Catrun 2 NC 1985 KI MC-35 Scotts Rising NC 1985 KI MC-36 Grunter Catrun 3 NC 1985 KI MC-37 Un-named NC 1985 KI MC-38 Genghis Khan NC 1985 KI MC-39 Little Trimmer TCC 1985 KI MC-40 Grunter Catrun 4 NC 1985 KI MC-41 Girions Entry TCC 1985 KI MC-42(E) Grunter Catrun 3 NC 1985 KI MC-43(E) Croesus Top Hole NC 1985 KI MC-44 Honeycomb 3 TCC 1985 KI MC-45(E) Honeycomb 3 TCC 1985 KI MC-46(E) Cow Cave (Pyramid Link) NC 1985 KI MC-47 Un-named NC 1985 KI MC-48 Un-named NC 1985 KI MC-49 Ho Hum TCC 1985 KI MC-50 Un-named NC 1985 KI & SRCC MC-51(E) April Fools (Croesus Cave) NC 1985 KI MC-52 Scotts Cave TCC 1985 KI MC-53 Union Cave TCC 1985 KI MC-54(E) Union Cave TCC 1985 KI MC-55(E) Union Cave TCC 1985 KI MC-56 Wallaby Cave NC 1985 KI MC-57 Ashdowns Cave NC 1985 KI MC-58 Un-named NC 1985 KI & SRCC MC-59 Un-named NC 1985 KI MC-60 Toboggan Cave NC 1985 KI MC-61 Joe's Rifts NC 1985 KI MC-62 Joe's Lair TCC 1985 KI MC-63 Mill Cave; Tailender 1 TCC 1985 KI MC-64 Tailender Cave TCC 1985 KI MC-65(E) Lynds Cave (Top Entrance) NC 1985 KI MC-66 Lime Pit NC 1985 KI MC-67 Sheep Dip NC 1985 KI MC-68 Side Door TCC 1985 KI MC-69 Un-named NC 1985 KI & SRCC MC-70 was MC-X68 Training Cave TCC 1985 KI MC-71 was MC-X30 Jawbone Cave TCC 1985 KI


Speleo Spiel – Issue 321, August – September 2000 Cave "was" number Cave Name Group Info Source MC-72 Number NOT USED #### 1985 KI MC-73 Den Cave NC 1985 KI MC-74 Number NOT USED #### 1985 KI MC-75 Mersey Hill Cave NC 1985 KI MC-76 Un-named NC 1985 KI & SRCC MC-77 Un-named NC 1985 KI MC-78 Gillam Cave TCC 1985 KI MC-79(E) Gillam Cave TCC 1985 KI MC-80(E) Gillam Cave TCC 1985 KI MC-81 Un-named NC 1985 KI & SRCC MC-82 Un-named NC 1985 KI & SRCC MC-83 Malodrous Cave TCC 1985 KI MC-84 Honeycomb I TCC 1985 KI MC-85(E) Honeycomb 1 TCC 1985 KI MC-86(E) Honeycomb 1 TCC 1985 KI MC-87(E) Honeycomb 1 TCC 1985 KI MC-88(E) Honeycomb 1 TCC 1985 KI MC-89(E) Honeycomb 1 TCC 1985 KI MC-90(E) Honeycomb 1 TCC 1985 KI MC-91(E) Honeycomb 1 TCC 1985 KI MC-92(E) Honeycomb 1 TCC 1985 KI MC-93(E) Honeycomb 1 TCC 1985 KI MC-94(E) Honeycomb 1 TCC 1985 KI MC-95(E) Honeycomb 1 TCC 1985 KI MC-96 Sassafras Cave TCC 1985 KI MC-97 Un-named NC 1985 KI & SRCC MC-98 Martins Cave NC 1985 KI MC-99 Un-named NC 1985 KI & SRCC MC-100 First Outing NC 1985 KI MC-101 Un-named NC 1985 KI & SRCC MC-102 Un-named NC 1985 KI MC-103(E) Sassafras Cave NC 1985 KI MC-104 Elsies Cave NC 1985 KI MC-105 Un-named NC 1985 KI & SRCC MC-106 Un-named NC 1985 KI MC-107 Honeycomb 2 NC 1985 KI MC-108(E) Honeycomb 2 NC 1985 KI MC-109(E) Honeycomb 2 NC 1985 KI MC-110 Number NOT USED #### 1985 KI MC-111 Number NOT USED #### 1985 KI MC-112 Number NOT USED #### 1985 KI MC-113 Number NOT USED #### 1985 KI MC-114 Kohinor TCC 1985 KI MC-115 Number NOT USED #### 1985 KI MC-116 Number NOT USED #### 1985 KI MC-117 Number NOT USED #### 1985 KI


Speleo Spiel – Issue 321, August – September 2000 Cave "was" number Cave Name Group Info Source MC-118 Number NOT USED #### 1985 KI MC-119 was MC-X32 King Solomons Cave TCC 1985 KI MC-120 was MC-X39 Marakoopa Cave (Tourist Cave) NC 1985 KI MC-121(E) Marakoopa Cave (Tourist Cave) NC 1985 KI MC-122(E) Marakoopa 2 NC 1985 KI MC-123 was MC-X49 Pudena Pot TCC 1985 KI MC-124 was MC-X46 Pearl Pot TCC(NB) 1985 KI MC-125 was MC-X48 Prohibition Cave NC 1985 KI MC-126 Depression Cave NC 1985 KI MC-127 was MC-X1/-X12 Devils Drainpipe (Atlantis Cave) NC 1985 KI MC-128(E) Marakoopa 2 NC 1985 KI MC-129)E) was MC-X35 Marakoopa 2 (Lakes Entrance) NC 1985 KI MC-130 was MC-X13 Devil's Pot TCC 1985 KI MC-131(E) Devil's Anastomosis NC 1985 KI MC-132(E) Devil's Anastomosis NC 1985 KI MC-133 was MC-X33 Kiwi Pot TCC(NB) 1985 KI MC-134 Paste Pot NC 1985 KI MC-135 Un-named NC 1985 KI & SRCC MC-136 Rat Hole NC 1985 KI MC-137(E) was "MC-17" Glowworm Cave TCC 1985 KI MC-138(E) was unused no. Execution Pot NC NC MC-139 was MC-X38 Long Drop NC 1985 KI MC-140 Number NOT USED #### 1985 KI MC-141 was MC-X43 My Cave TCC(NB) 1985 KI MC-142 was MC-X6 Cobbler Cooler TCC 1985 KI MC-143 Un-named NC 1985 KI MC-144 Wet Cave NC 1985 KI MC-145(E) Wet Cave NC 1985 KI MC-146(E) Wet Cave NC 1985 KI MC-147(E) Honeycomb 2 NC 1985 KI MC-148 Blackberry Swallet NC 1985 KI MC-149 was MC-X03 Blackberry Hole NC 1985 KI MC-150 Un-named NC 1985 KI MC-151 Un-named NC 1985 KI MC-152 was MC-X29 Ivans Cave NC 1985 KI MC-153 Harry's Creek Cave NC 1985 KI MC-154 Un-named NC 1985 KI MC-155 was MC-X55 Shish Kebab NC 1985 KI MC-156 was MC-X27 Honeycomb 1.5 NC 1985 KI MC-157(E) Honeycomb 1.5 NC 1985 KI MC-158 was MC-X44 Nut Bath Cave TCC 1985 KI MC-159(E) Un-named (Pyramid-Cow system) TCC MCCC MC-160 Un-named NC NC MC-161 Aquaduct Swallet NC NC MC-162 Kutna Hora NC NC MC-163 Terra Kotta Pot NC MCCC


Speleo Spiel – Issue 321, August – September 2000 Cave "was" number Cave Name Group Info Source MC-164 ****** Status Unknown ******* ****** MC-165 was MC-X22 Elderberry; (Gurrs Cave) NC NC & MCCC MC-166 White Rabbit NC NC MC-167 ****** Status Unknown ******* ****** MC-168 Un-named NC NC & MCCC MC-169 Number NOT USED NC MC-170 Moss Palace MCCC MCCC MC-171 Mozzie Rift MCCC MCCC MC-172 Impressive Hole MCCC MCCC MC-173 Big L Pot MCCC MCCC MC-174 Lunar Landing MCCC MCCC MC-175 Our Cave MCCC MCCC MC-176 Bone Rift MCCC MCCC MC-177 Runaway Rift MCCC MCCC MC-178 Grassy Rift MCCC MCCC MC-179 Surprise Rift MCCC MCCC MC-180 Nova Rift MCCC MCCC MC-181 Heeler Hole MCCC MCCC MC-182 Poodle Pot MCCC MCCC MC-183 Thirteen Second Pot MCCC MCCC MC-184 Green Stump Pot 1 MCCC MCCC MC-185 Green Stump Pot 2 MCCC MCCC MC-186 Kennel Cave MCCC MCCC MC-187 Antigravity Shaft MCCC MCCC MC-188 Un-named MCCC MCCC MC-189 Un-named MCCC MCCC MC-190 Diggers Cave MCCC MCCC MC-191 Bear Trap MCCC MCCC MC-192 Renaissance Cave MCCC MCCC MC-193 Paddys Rift MCCC MCCC MC-194 Moon Crevice MCCC MCCC MC-195 Roof Urn Pot MCCC MCCC MC-196 High Pool MCCC MCCC MC-197 Dog Leg Rift MCCC MCCC MC-198(E) Dog Leg Rift MCCC MCCC MC-199 K9 Cave MCCC MCCC MC-200 Mad Dog Pit MCCC MCCC MC-201 Georgies Hall SCS 1985 KI MC-202 was MC-X25 Herberts Pot SCS 1985 KI MC-203(E) was MC-X65 Wet Cave SCS 1985 KI MC-204 Un-named MCCC MCCC MC-205 Three Arm Pit MCCC MCCC MC-206 Un-named MCCC MCCC MC-207 was MC-X31 Kellys Pot SCS 1985 KI MC-208 Snailspace SCS MCCC MC-209(E) Snailspace SCS MCCC


Speleo Spiel – Issue 321, August – September 2000 Cave "was" number Cave Name Group Info Source MC-210 Splits Pit MCCC MCCC MC-211 End Slot MCCC MCCC MC-212 Midas Cave MCCC MCCC MC-213 Trident Pit MCCC MCCC MC-214 Feeble Fissure MCCC MCCC MC-215 T-Bone Drop MCCC MCCC MC-216 Their Cave MCCC MCCC MC-217 Peanut Pot MCCC MCCC MC-218 Un-named MCCC MCCC MC-219 Un-named MCCC MCCC MC-220 Mayberry Rift MCCC MCCC MC-221 Antimatter Grotto MCCC MCCC MC-222 KK-84 Deewun Cave (= Flyover Cave??) MCCC MCCC MC-223 Possum Palace MCCC MCCC MC-224 Fourarm Cave MCCC MCCC MC-225 Wombat Warren MCCC MCCC MC-226 was MC-X17 Flowers Pot TCC MCCC MC-227 Glowworm Inflow Cave MCCC MCCC MC-228 Un-named MCCC MCCC MC-229 Un-named MCCC MCCC MC-230 MC-X1 in SE Bayards Rising NC NC MC-231 Number NOT USED NC MC-232 Number NOT USED NC MC-233 Number NOT USED NC MC-234 Number NOT USED NC MC-235 Number NOT USED NC MC-236 Number NOT USED NC MC-237 Number NOT USED NC MC-238 Number NOT USED NC MC-239 Number NOT USED NC MC-240 Number NOT USED NC MC-241 Number NOT USED NC MC-242 Number NOT USED NC MC-243 Number NOT USED NC MC-244 Number NOT USED NC MC-245 Number NOT USED NC MC-246 Number NOT USED NC MC-247 Number NOT USED NC MC-248 Number NOT USED NC MC-249 Number NOT USED NC MC-250 Slime Slot MCCC MCCC MC-251 Hole Of Hope MCCC MCCC MC-252 Un-named MCCC MCCC MC-253 Un-named MCCC MCCC MC-254(E) Sassafras Cave MCCC MCCC MC-255(E) Un-named (entrance to MC-228) MCCC MCCC


Speleo Spiel – Issue 321, August – September 2000 Cave "was" number Cave Name Group Info Source MC-256 Womble Moondrop MCCC MCCC MC-257 Gimli's Grotto MCCC MCCC MC-258 Aven Lady MCCC MCCC MC-259 Triangle Drop MCCC MCCC MC-260 The Orifice MCCC MCCC MC-261 was MC-X80 Dead Cow Pot MCCC MCCC MC-262 ****** Status Unknown ******* MCCC MC-263 ****** Status Unknown ******* MCCC MC-264 Traces Trump MCCC MCCC MC-265 ****** Status Unknown ******* MCCC MC-X2 Benboe Cave 1985 KI MC-X4 Blue Moon Cave NC 1985 KI MC-X5 Caterpillar Cave 1985 KI MC-X7 Cork Hole SCS 1985 KI MC-X8 Dangerous Hole SCS 1985 KI MC-X9 2-4-D Cave TCC(NB) 1985 KI MC-X10 Dead Dog Hole SCS 1985 KI MC-X11 Deception Cave TCC(NB) 1985 KI MC-X14 Devils Sewer TCC(NB) 1985 KI MC-X15(E) Dogs Head Hole (MC-X10) NC MCCC MC-X16 Drop In 1985 KI MC-X18 Fred's Folly SCS 1985 KI MC-X19 Fuzz Pot SCS 1985 KI MC-X20 Gobi Pot 1985 KI MC-X21 Grunter Swallets 1985 KI MC-X23 Harry Youngs Hole 1985 KI MC-X24 Harveys Hole SCS 1985 KI MC-X26 Hole 48 1985 KI MC-X28 Intimate Chamber 1985 KI MC-X29(E) Kubla Khan Resurgence TCC 1985 KI MC-X36 Leech Pot TCC 1985 KI MC-X37 Lillians Rift 1985 KI MC-X40 Marakoopa 3 1985 KI MC-X41 Maxs Folly SCS 1985 KI MC-X42 Mouse Cave 1985 KI MC-X45 Owl Pot 1985 KI MC-X47 Pig Sty Hole TCC 1985 KI MC-X50 Rabbit Trap 1985 KI MC-X51 Ration Tree Cave 1985 KI MC-X52 Red Rock Shaft 1985 KI MC-X53 Roaring Hole 1985 KI MC-X54 Rock Drop 1985 KI MC-X56 Split Canyon Cave 1985 KI MC-X57 Sun Cave SCS 1985 KI MC-X58 Swiss Cheese Cave 1985 KI MC-X59 Underground Cave TCC(NB) 1985 KI & SRCC


Speleo Spiel – Issue 321, August – September 2000 Cave "was" number Cave Name Group Info Source MC-X60 Valve Cave TCC(NB) 1985 KI MC-X61 Warren Cave TCC(NB) 1985 KI MC-X62 Waterworks Cave 1985 KI MC-X63 Well Pot 1985 KI MC-X64 Westmoreland Cave 1985 KI MC-X66 Wombat Cave TCC 1985 KI MC-X67 Un-named 1985 KI MC-X69 "MC-cave" in SE Un-named TCC SE Report-91 MC-X70 Alph Cave SCS SRCC & KK-89 MC-X71 Antarctic Rift SCS SRCC & KK-89 MC-X72 Beehive SCS SRCC & KK-89 MC-X73 Blackwood Hole SCS SRCC & KK-89 MC-X74 Boulder Drop SCS SRCC & KK-89 MC-X75 Boulder Hole SCS SRCC & KK-89 MC-X76 Brendans Pit SCS SRCC & KK-89 MC-X77 Currying Flavour Pot SCS SRCC & KK-89 MC-X78 Dairy Plains Cave SCS SRCC & KK-89 MC-X79 Damp Space SCS SRCC & KK-89 MC-X81 Dip Shaft SCS SRCC & KK-89 MC-X82 Disappearing Creek Cave SCS SRCC & KK-89 MC-X83 Dribblewheeze Pot SCS SRCC & KK-89 MC-X84 Drill Cave SCS SRCC & KK-89 MC-X85 Excursion Hole SCS SRCC & KK-89 MC-X86 Fault Spring Cave SCS SRCC & KK-89 MC-X87 Fibre Optics SCS SRCC & KK-89 MC-X88 Flake Shaft SCS SRCC & KK-89 MC-X89 Glowworm Creek Inflow SCS SRCC & KK-89 MC-X90 "Cave M1" in KK Hanging Cave SCS SRCC & KK-89 MC-X91 Lacework Pot SCS SRCC & KK-89 MC-X92 Log Rift SCS SRCC & KK-89 MC-X93 Loggers Lair SCS SRCC & KK-89 MC-X94 Lost Prospect SCS SRCC & KK-89 MC-X95 Low Lair SCS SRCC & KK-89 MC-X96 Lumberjacks Shaft SCS SRCC & KK-89 MC-X97 Mackies Cave SCS SRCC & KK-89 MC-X98 Petes Pitch SCS SRCC & KK-89 MC-X99 Pig Sty 2 Cave SCS SRCC & KK-89 MC-X100 Possum Cave SCS SRCC & KK-89 MC-X101 Re-Entrant Shelter SCS SRCC & KK-89 MC-X102 Rockfall Hole SCS SRCC & KK-89 MC-X103 Rongnumba Cave SCS SRCC & KK-89 MC-X104 Rushton Rift (Atillas Shaft) SCS SRCC & KK-89 MC-X105 Sassafras 2 SCS SRCC & KK-89 MC-X106 "Cave M4" in KK Shakey Shaft SCS SRCC & KK-89 MC-X107 Short Hole SCS SRCC & KK-89 MC-X108 Smedley Shaft SCS SRCC & KK-89


Speleo Spiel – Issue 321, August – September 2000 Cave "was" number Cave Name Group Info Source MC-X109 Sufferers Cave SCS SRCC & KK-89 MC-X110 Talus Cascade SCS SRCC & KK-89 MC-X111 Tatana Magra SCS SRCC & KK-89 MC-X112 Tin Pot SCS SRCC & KK-89 MC-X113 Trackside Hole SCS SRCC & KK-89 MC-X114 Triagain Pot SCS SRCC & KK-89 MC-X115 Upper Rift SCS SRCC & KK-89 MC-X116 Valley Rift SCS SRCC & KK-89 MC-X117 Varve Cave SRCC SRCC & KK-89 MC-X118 Waterfall Cave SCS SRCC & KK-89 MC-X119 Waynes Warren; Binkies System NC SRCC & KK-89 MC-X120 Un-named SCS? SRCC MC-X121 Un-named SCS? SRCC MC-X122 Un-named SCS? SRCC MC-X123 Un-named SCS? SRCC MC-X124 Un-named SCS? SRCC MC-X125 Un-named SCS? SRCC MC-X126 Un-named SCS? SRCC MC-X127 Un-named SCS? SRCC MC-X128 Un-named SCS? SRCC MC-X129 Un-named SCS? SRCC MC-X130 Un-named SCS? SRCC MC-X131 Un-named SCS? SRCC MC-X132 Un-named SCS? SRCC MC-X133 Un-named SCS? SRCC MC-X134 Un-named SCS? SRCC MC-X135 Un-named SCS? SRCC MC-X136 Un-named SCS? SRCC MC-X137 Un-named SCS? SRCC MC-X138 Un-named SCS? SRCC MC-X139 Un-named SCS? SRCC MC-X140 Un-named SCS? SRCC MC-X141 Un-named SCS? SRCC MC-X142 Un-named SCS? SRCC MC-X143 Un-named SCS? SRCC MC-X144 Un-named SCS? SRCC MC-X145 Un-named SCS? SRCC Mc-X146 Un-named SCS? SRCC MC-X147 Marakoopa 0.5 NC NC MC-X148 Flyover Cave NC NC MC-X149 Hangover Cave NC NC MC-X150 Boomer NC NC MC-X151 Carnac NC NC MC-X152 Sprite Cave NC NC MC-X153 Scrawnies; Devils Advocate NC NC


Speleo Spiel – Issue 321, August – September 2000 26 Publications “Caving Safety 1 Manual”, 92 pages, covers Planning, Safety, Maps, Gear, Rigging, Emergencies etc. $15.00 Back Issues of Southern Caver, Speleo-Spiel. There are various issues available. Please contact the Librarian, Greg Middleton ( with your requirements. ~$1 each Gear CAVE PACKS, 25 litre volume, made from Heavy duty yellow PVC material, double thickness material at wear points, strong seams, drain holes, large diameter eyelet’s, adjustable straps. Good Value. $55.00 each Aluminium Bars for Rappel Racks. $5.00 each 5 cm (2”) plastic Tri-glide buckles, ideal for battery belts, cave packs etc.) $0.80 each BATA full-length Gumboots, Size 6, Green with Orange Sole, and steel toecaps. LAST PAIR >> $25.00 Tape Edelrid 25 mm tubular tape. Ideal for rigging, chest harnesses etc. (White) $2.00 per m 5 cm (2”) flat tape (ideal for harnesses, rigging, gear bags, belts etc.) (Blue) $1.50 per m Safety Rivory 10 mm dynamic rope (for cows tails, safety loop) NEW STOCK >> $4.00 per m, e.g. Cowstail $11 Space Blankets (don’t be caught underground without one!) $4.00 each Miracle Body Heat Packs (20 hours of portable heat, 50 gm sachets, carry a couple) NEW ITEM >> $2.00 each Lighting Yuasa Gel-cells, 6 Volt, 7 Amp-Hour $24.00 each Metal Lamp Brackets, complete with fixing rivets and cable keeper $7.50 each Plastic Lamp Brackets, used but in good condition. comes with fixing screws $2.00 each Alkaline 4.5 Volt ‘flat-pack’ batteries (for Petzl Zoom’s etc.) SPECIAL >>> $7.00 each Eveready 6 Volt, 0.5 Amp Flange Mount Bulbs #1417 (for HIGH Beam) $2.00 each Tandy 6 Volt, 0.3 Amp Screw Base Bulbs #50 (for LOW Bean), blister packs of 2 $2.00 each Jets (21 litres/hr) for Petzl kaboom (just a couple left) $5.00 each Tow Ropes/trailer tie downs/yacht mooring lines etc. RETIRED CAVING ROPE, no longer safe enough to use for caving purposes, but more than adequate for many other purposes. Available in various lengths. $1.00 per m, less for the stiffer stuff If you need any of the above please contact Jeff Butt on (03) 62238620 (H), or, or write to us: SOUTHERN TASMANIAN CAVERNEERS, P.O. BOX 416, SANDY BAY 7006. Reminder....2001: A Cave Odyssey The 23rd Biennial Conference of the ASF Inc. is being held at Bathurst, NSW over December 28, 2000 to January 2, 2001. You all received a copy of the conference information with your last Australian Caver, why not dig it out now and consider coming along and joining in with the caving and fun with a whole mob of mainland cavers. Information at this stage is best pursued via and / or STC has caving lamps and helmets available for hire to Schools, Scouts and other groups with responsible caving leaders. Contact our Equipment Officer: Jeff Butt on 03 6223 8620 for details.

The Tasmanian Caverneering Club was formed on 13 September
1946. Initially, information was provided to members through
a circular, copies of which exist back to November 1947.
"Speleo Spiel, Circular of the Tasmanian Caverneering
Club" was first published December 1960. Eight issues of this
are known, up to May 1962. In April 1964 a "Circular" was
again issued and seems to have continued, irregularly, until
March 1966. Then in April 1966, a "New Series" of Speleo
Spiel commenced, as a monthly newsletter.
In December 1996 The Tasmanian Caverneering Club
amalgamated with the Southern Caving Society and the
Tasmanian Cave and Karst Research Group to form the Southern
Tasmanian Caverneers. The combined group agreed to continue
to publish "Speleo Spiel" as its bi-monthly newsletter, as
continues today (2015).
Speleo Spiel is a vehicle for recording the cave and
karst-related activities, and particularly the achievements,
of the Southern Tasmanian Caverneers. It also carriers
technical and scientific reports, reprints, reviews and other
information likely to be of interest to members from time to