SPELEO SPlEL #284 October December 1994 Page: 2 I * FORWARD PROGRAM * I Ida Bay Karst Management Plan Meeting. .. 25 & 26 February Cave SAREX "95. TCC AGM. .. l l & 12 March 30th March 1 * FROM THE EDITORS DESK ... * I My apologies if the Spiel seems a bit disjointed Tanya and I have just bought a house way up in the backwaters and I've been on holidays for a few weeks so the Spiel has been put off, sort of.. Anyway, with some vital things coming up in the not too distant future, and knowing that people may wish to have some advance notice SO THEY CAN KEEP THESE DATES FREE, the following articles have been thrown together to form Spiel # 283. Sorry to anyone who has submitted articles that have not been included in this issue (ie. Stu), I promise they will be in the next one; sorry PS Stu: I've misplaced your disk, thus temporary article absence. General Happenings: International Bits of Stuff: New Ikm + Deep Caves ... Croatian Cavers pushed the "Lukina Jama" pothole to a depth of 1,355 metres in August 1993, making it the l lth deepest cave in the world. This cave lies at an altitude of 1,436 meters, and has ice covering the walls for the first 300m 1 In the same year, Slovenian cavers explored "Vandima" to a depth of 1,042 meters Internahona! Caver # 8 Fisher Ridge Cave, Kenfucky, USA ... This cave lies in the same area as the "Mammoth Cave" system which is now over 530km long. "Fisher Ridge Cave" is growing rapidly and has been surveyed to over 1 15km long It is coming close to both the "Mammoth" system to the west and "Vinegar Ridge Cave" to the north Descent U 1 I7 !! SAREXPS : llth& 12th MARCH !!
SPELEO SPIEL #284 October December 1994 Page: 3 Longest and Deepest Caves, 1993.. Longest. 1. Mammoth Cave 2. Optimisticheskaja 3. Holloch 4. Jewel Cave 5. Siebenhengste-Hohlensystem 6. Fisher Ridge Cave 7. Wind Cave 8 Ozernaja 9. Lechuguilla 10 Gua Air Jernih Deepest: 1. Reseau Jean-Bernard 2. Gouffre Mirolda 3. Vjacheslava Pantjukhina 4. Lamprechtsofen 5. Sistema de la Trave 6. Boj-Bulok 7. Illaminako Ateeneko Leizca 8. Sistema Cheve 9. Sneznaja-Mezennogo 10. Ceki-2 USA Ukraine Switzerland USA Switzerland USA USA Ukraine USA Malaysia France France Georgia Austria Spain Uzbekistan Spain Mexico Georgia Slovenia 1,602 m 1,520 m 1,508 m 1,483 m 1,441 m 1,415 m 1,408 m 1.386 m 1,370 m 1,370 m Internatronoi Cover 8 Thanks to Stu and Narprri Vol. 27, S 2 (August 1994) for these bits of info A Blast From The Past: "Limestone is a rock almost entirely composed of carbonate of lime. It occurs in most parts of the world, covering sometimes tracts of hundreds of thousands of square miles.. The abundance of this rock affords ample opportunity for the display of the solvent action of subterranean water. Trickling down the vertical joints and along the planes between to limestone beds, the water dissolves and removes the stone, until in the course of centuries these passages are gradually enlarged into clefts, tunnels, and caverns. The ground becomes honeycombed with openings into dark subterranean chambers, and running streams fall into these openings and continue their course underground.. Narrow tunnels expand into spacious halls, beyond which egress is again afforded by low passages into other lofty recesses.. These quiet recesses having remained !! SAREX'95: Ilth& 12th MARCH !!
SPELEO SPIEL #284 October December 1994 Page: 4 undisturbed for many ages.. have been transformed into grottoes of the most marvellous beauty. White glistening fringes and curtains of crystalline carbonate of line.. hang in endless variety and beauty of form from the roof. Pillars of every dimension, from slender wands up to thick-ribbed columns like those of a cathedral, connect the roof and the pavement. The walls, projecting in massive buttresses and retiring into alcoves, are everywhere festooned with a grotesque drapery of stone. The floor is crowded with mounds and bosses of strangely imitative forms which recall some of the oddest shapes above ground. Wandering through such a scene, the visitor somehow feels himself to be in another world, where much of the architecture and ornament belongs to styles utterly unlike those which can be seen anywhere else". From the "Class-Book of Geology" by Archibald Geikie, F.R. S., MacMillan and CO, London, 1891. And people ask why we go caving ! Club Matters: Welcome... Welcome ... Welcome... To our newest Member, Nigel Williams for succuming to hypnotic suggestion and parting with his cash to join our illustrious Club. Nigel wins the prize for the Most Eligible Caver's Car destined for caving, Nigel purchased some turbo 4wd, 4ws howling monster beast-thing that would be ideally suited to those Florentine roads. No doubt he was also influenced by the fact that one day he would be able to ferry his hture caving compatriots to holes in the ground in comfort and style; bloody quickly! (Alas, there is no escape E4 The Club Ida Bay Karst Area Management Plan Issues For Discussion ... On the weekend of the 25th and 26th of Febuary 1995 there will be a meeting held down at the Hastings area to discuss the issue of the Ida Bay Karst Area Management Plan including the Exit Cave Management Plan. The Karst Officer from the Parks Wildlife and Heritage, Ian Household will be there to discuss all issues relating to this as well as rangers from the area and as many people as possible with an interest in the management of the karst in the Esperance district. If !! SAREX'95: llth&12th MARCH !!
SPELEO SPIEL #284 October December 1994 Page: 5 you are interested in attending the meeting (and you should be as it affects you as cavers), please contact Shane Hunniford, District Ranger, Esperance. Accommodation will be supplied. Listed below are some of the issue headings for you to think about. They are a bit broad at the moment but they should be refined a bit more by the time of the meeting. I. Access/Perniit Sys fem. Recreational Scientific Management Commercial/Educational Cave classification Which caves restricted No. of trips per year Trip reporting 2. Gating Which caves Which entrances In cave gating 3. Surface tractWRoutes Co-ordination and responsibility Trackmarking 4. Environmental Monitoring Photomonitoring Water quality Responsibility for the program 5. Commercicil/Edztrcational use Which caves Number of operators/number of trips 6. Aboriginal Heritage Archaeological site management 7. Introduced Plants and Animals 8. Fire Control Burning 9. In-Cave Zoning for Biological/Geomorphological protection ! SAREX 95 : l lth & 12th MARCH !
SPELEO SPIEL #284 October December 1994 Page: 6 1O.Development works Surface works In-cave works, eg; Bolts,fixed ropes,bridges ect; 1l.Interpretation and education Fixed informationlsignage Summer ranger programs 12. Cave Cleaning 13. Acceptable routes/routemarking 14. No-go or reference areas Are these necessary If so, which areas How to enforce IS. Research Assessment of projects 16.Search and Rescue 17.Code of ethicsMznima1 impact caving Development of a strategy No doubt there are more issues not on the list so make sure you have your say and get along there. Also on the same issue there is still work to be done in Exit cave with surveying, monitoring and water tracing. The clubs are holding trips into the cave for these so please put in an effort and give a hand and get involved in the technical aspect of caving! Dean Cave SAREX 1995 Yes it is not that far away from the 1995 CAVE SAREX search and rescue exercise. The date put down is the 1 lth and 12th of March 1995 so make sure that weekend is kept free. Hopehlly we will be having another attempt at what was too wet to attempt last year, that being finding and rescuing a "person" from Growling Swallet in the Florentine Valley with alternate plans if it is too wet for that. There will be things to do for !! SAREXP5 : llth& 12th MARCH !!
SPELEO SPIEL #284 October December 1994 Page: 7 everyone of all caving abilities with both vertical and horizootal entrances being used. Gear will need to be carried, coffee's and tea's need to be made, communication's need to be maintained and most importantly of all, mud needs to be placed on the local constabulary! We will most likely be staying at the Florentine or Mt Field with some people going back to Hobart on the Saturday night so come along for a day or the weekend. Remember 1 l th and 12th of March for a great weekend. Dean TCC'S 50TH ANNIVERSARY: In case no one's noticed, the Club will celebrate its 50th Anniversary in 1996 ... Now 1996 not being all that far away, I thought now would be the time to ask for ideas on how we can celebrate this unique and special event in the Club's history. So get off your arses, clear the toxic substances out of your brains and start thinking any and all suggestions are welcome. please write/calYcarrier pigeon the editor or anyone else in the club. Garth Cornelius, Editor. !! SAREXP5: llth& 12th MARCH !!
SPELEO SPIEL #284 October December 1994 Page: 8 Here is a TCC contact list that we will try and keep updated in the Speil from now on. I have included the names of anyone I know that has been to a meeting, dinner or caving trip with the TCC over the last year or so. Some of these people I know have not been caving for a while but you might want to ring them for some information or to try and hassle them out of retirement. If anyone wants to be included on the list or have their name removed, then please let me know. CONTACT LIST TASMANIAN CAVERNEERING CLUB Inc; PO BOX 416 SANDY BAY, TASMANIA, 7005 SWART NICHOLS TREVOR WAILES CHRIS DAVIES DEAN MORGAN NIGEL WILLIAMS ROLAN EBERHARD GARTH CORNELIUS ADAM GOULSTON JIM DAVIES KELLY MILLER PETER VERWEY PAM NORDSTROM JOHN STEEN JASON HAMILL STEFAN EBERHARD LEIGH DOUGLAS ANDREW BRIGGS BOB REID PAUL MERHULIK DAME SHEA BRUCE McINTOSH ARTHUR CLARKE STEPHEN BUNTON CRAIG LARGE ALBERTGOEDE THERESE MARCH PETER SHAW DAVLD MCHOLS NlCK HUME DEANE HICKS 7 Rupert Ave, New Town 7008 214 Summerleas Rd, K~ngston 7050 3 Alfred St, New Town 7008 15 Belhaven Ave, Taroona 7053 1/98 Arthur St, West Hobart 7000 697 Huon Rd, Fern Tree 7054 3 10 Back River Rd, Magra 7 140 62a Hillborough Rd, Sth Hobart 7054 17 Roslyn Ave Kingston, Hobart 7050 6 Orion Place, Montaqu Bay 303 Tolosa St, Glenorchy 7010 Slab Road, Cygnet 7112 6 Orion Place, Montaqu Bay ClLune River Youth Hostel 7109 Cl-RMB709 Leslie Rd, Leslie Vale7054 154 Melville St, Hobart 7000 PO Box 575, Glenorchy 7010 2 1 Ha~g St, Lenah Valley 7008 146 Augusta Rd, Lenah Valley 7008 26 Romilly St, Sth Hobart 7004 92 Wentworth St, Sth Hobart 7004 PO Box 245 North Hobart 7002 PO Box 198 North Hobart 7002 79 Lockner St, West Hobart 7000 69 Esplanade, Lindisfarne 701 5 125 Summerleas Rd. Fern Tree 7054 16 Kelvcdon Ave. Taroona 7053 148 Tranmere Rd, Howrah 7018 154 Melville St. Hobart 7000 Lune River Youth Hostel 7109 (home) (work) (002) 283054 283054 (002) 291382 (002) 280228 (002) 279318 345061 (002) 349403 310198 (002) 348126 (002) 612126 349982 (002) 232882 294060 (002) 29644 1 294060 (002) 445025 202670 (002) 73 l687 23 1955 (002) 951598 2002 11 (002) 445025 20270 1 (002) 983 163 !! SAREX P5 : l lth & 12th MARCH !!
SPELEO SPIEL #284 October December 1994 Page: 9 Sorry, next issue ! I * TRIP REPORTS * I OWL POT 18/9/94 PARTICIPANTS Trevor, Jim, Dean, Adam, Mandy, Michele, Steve, Andrew. Steve, Michelle, and Andrew were from the VSA and were down in Tassie for a couple of days caving They had requested a trip through Ice Tube but all the rain and snow put an end to that so a trip was made to Owl Pot instead. As there were so many people it was a very slow trip and the only reason there is a trip report is because Jim Davies had a big block fall on his back down near the terminal sump. Also as he was coming out to the bottom of the last pitch he heard a big rumbling sound from the end of the cave. I was standing at the top of the last waterfall pitch as it happened and I heard it from there. So future parties should be warned of different conditions at the end of the cave next trip. I got back to the car about an hour before everyone else was out only to be met with heavy snow falling and a white forest It all looked very impressive and I got some great snow photo's. We were all a bit worried about whether we would be able to drive over the gap but we all got out alright with the snow at the gap about 6 inches thick. It certainly looked good. The mainlanders stayed back at Mt Field for the night and were planning to go to Tassy Pot the next day but I doubt whether they would have got there as the snow was falling very heavily that night even at sea level. No doubt they must have been impressed with our Tasmanian Spring weather Dean !! SAREXP5 : llth& 12th MARCH !!
SPELEO SPIEL #284 October December 1994 Page: 10 AROUND THE FLORENTZNE IN A DA Y 11/9/94 PARTCLPANTS Garth Cornelius, Nigel Williams, Bryce Purden, Dean Morgan On the 1 1 of September this year 1994 the above "Iron Men" of the local caving community performed the herculean task of making trips to Growling Swallet, Pendant Pot, Slaughterhouse Pot, Trapdoor Swallet, Ice Tube, Serendipity, Frost Pot and Asteroid Pot ALL IN A SLNGLE DAY ! ! ! ! ! ! Yes, that's right. A single day And that is not all We also managed to climb to the summit of Tim Shea in the morning before all of this happened ! ! ! ! ! ! I know most of you reading this will be in awe of our achievements. But wait. There's more !! !!! We then finished the day up by taking photo's on the higher flanks of Mt Field West ! !! Unbelievable but true. No doubt you are all feeling like your lives are all wasted trying to emulate our stunning achievements. And you would be right. There is only so much room in the world for legends. And we are them. Enough said. And now for the truth. Nigel was keen to do some caving, Garth and Dean both had new camera's they were keen to get some photo's with. And Bryce and Dean both had new boots and gaitor's that needed some mud put on them. So we all spent the day walking through the Florentine looking at cave entrances and in the morning drove up Tim Shea for a view of the whole valley. The day was ended with a drive up the end of the 9 road under West Mount Field for some more photo's, We even went underground in the entrance daylight chambers of Growling Swallet. By the end of the day all films had been exposed and mud had been placed on boots so we all went home and lived happily ever after. Anon. * BITS AND PIECES * (Kind& brought to you by Roger Parkyn vra Stu Nicholas my thanks to both. Any comments or feedback welcome Ed) !! SAREX'95: llth& 12th MARCH !!
TASMANIAN OUTDOOR LEADERSHIP COUNCIL COURSES The Tasmanian Outdoor Leadership Council (TOLC) will be running the following course during 1995. TOLC is comprised of members of the Bushwalking, Rockclimbing, Cross Country Skiing, Caving, and Canoeing Leadership fraternity. These courses are designed for people wanting to become outdoor leaders and some of them are compulsory for people wanting to be accredited. For example, CLAG requires that you complete the Remote Area First Aid, Search and Rescue, Instructional skills and Core Leadership Skills course. (Naturally there is provision for recognition of prior learning.) They are not totally aimed at outdoor leaders though, and having personally completed some of them I thoroughly recommend anyone involved in outdoor activities go along and do whichever is most relevant to your chosen field. The Search and Rescue and Remote area First Aid are both very relevant to anyone involved in caving and could save someone else or your own lives. All of the courses are taken by professionals in their field (S&R police, ambulance officers, meteorologists ect..) but they are also very experienced outdoors people and not just pen pusher working from an office all day. If anyone wants any more information on any of the courses please contactBRUCE MORLEY DEPARTMENT OF TOURISM, SPORT AND RECREATION. GPO BOX 399 HOBART TAS 7001 Telephone:(002)308337 Facsimile:(002)308333 Course Weather Interpretation TOLC COURSES FOR 1995 Land Navigation Remote Area First Aid Search and Rescue River Crossing Date 25-26 March 23-24 September 29-30 April 30 Sept-l October 5-9 April (Southern Tas) 21-25 June (North West Tas) 6-10 September (North Tas) 15-19 November (South Tas) 6-7 May 7-8 October 1 day(date to be advised) then Cost page 11
Course Instructional Skills TOLC COURSES TO 1995 Date 13 May Core Leadership Skills (Risk & Crisis Management; People Management; Leadership & Organisation) 29 May-3 June 25-29 September Cost $50 Wit.h the exception of the Core Leadership Skills course they are all run on weekends (The First Aid is run on 3 nights after work and then the weekend) So saying you have not got the)time for them is no excuse at all. Participate and enhance your outdoor knowledge. Dean Morgan T.C.C. Annual General Meeting!!! Our Annual General Meeting is not far away now. The date put down is the last Wednesday in MarchThe 29th. The ordinary general business of the AGM shall beTo confirm the minutes of the last Annual General Meeting. To receive from the Committee, the Auditor, and servants of the Association reports on the transactions of the Association during the last preceding financial year. To elect the officers of the Association and the ordinary Committeeman being;a) President b) Vice-President c) Secretary d) Treasurer e) Quartermaster f) Public Officer To appoint the Auditor and determine his renumeration; and To determine the renumeration of the servants of the Association. Make sure you turn up to your AGM and lets get some of the newer members on the Committee. page 12
The Ins and Outs of U-Anchors by Roger Parkyn Recently I have placed several U-anchors as fixed protection and abseil points for rock climbing. I'm not aware of anyone using them underground but I imagine there would be some potential applications for them. The method involves gluing a U-shaped piece of stainless steel rod into two holes. The method is somewhat inconvenient but provides numerous advantages over many other methods: good corrosion resistance cheap no bolt plates or fixed hangers are required low visual impact compared to fixed hangers if you can't crank the route you can rap off them two of them, placed side by side, make a rap station no chains are reqired in most locations To achieve good results however this method does require a certain amount of skill and knowledge. The next section outlines the method and a following section gives details on a tensile test performed on the system. Making a U-Anchor l. The raw material for the anchors is 3 16 grade stainless steel of 8 mm diameter (or 5/16 inch). This is available from "Steelmark" in Mornington. Bend the steel to the shape shown below. I have made a jig (well, Stu Nicholas made it actually) to facilitate this which can be borrowed if required. 316 Stamless Steel Diameter 8 mm (with nkks for adhesion) \ 2. Cut nicks into the embedded legs of the anchor. This can be quickly achieved with an angle grinder. 3. Thoroughly degrease the anchor with hot water and washing up liquid (as sold, the steel has thin layer of grease on it). Placing the Anchor 1. At the cliff, after carefully selecting its prospective location, the holes can be drilled (10 mm diameter minimum for this steel). 2. The holes should be thoroughly blown out to remove dust; I use a squeezable plastic bottle with a tube. 3. When all the holes have been prepared and the U-anchors are ready, mix the adhesive. The adhesive to use is 'Megapoxy HT" which claims to be 'hydrophillic" (as anything going underground should be!). I use cheap plastic spoons to measure out the required 3:l ratio of the parts. The adhesive must be thoroughly mixed (because the adhesive is quite stiff it will not set unless properly mixed; as John Domeny's initial effort at Proctors demonstrated). When mixed the adhesive changes to a grey color and its viscosity decreases, you now have about 30 minutes to get all your gluing done.
The Tasmanian Caverneering Club was formed on 13 September
1946. Initially, information was provided to members through
a circular, copies of which exist back to November 1947.
"Speleo Spiel, Circular of the Tasmanian Caverneering
Club" was first published December 1960. Eight issues of this
are known, up to May 1962. In April 1964 a "Circular" was
again issued and seems to have continued, irregularly, until
March 1966. Then in April 1966, a "New Series" of Speleo
Spiel commenced, as a monthly newsletter.
In December 1996 The Tasmanian Caverneering Club
amalgamated with the Southern Caving Society and the
Tasmanian Cave and Karst Research Group to form the Southern
Tasmanian Caverneers. The combined group agreed to continue
to publish "Speleo Spiel" as its bi-monthly newsletter, as
continues today (2015).
Speleo Spiel is a vehicle for recording the cave and
karst-related activities, and particularly the achievements,
of the Southern Tasmanian Caverneers. It also carriers
technical and scientific reports, reprints, reviews and other
information likely to be of interest to members from time to