Speleo Spiel

Speleo Spiel

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Speleo Spiel
Series Title:
Speleo Spiel
Southern Tasmanian Caverneers
Publication Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
Regional Speleology ( local )
serial ( sobekcm )


General Note:
The Tasmanian Caverneering Club was formed on 13 September 1946. Initially, information was provided to members through a circular, copies of which exist back to November 1947. "Speleo Spiel, Circular of the Tasmanian Caverneering Club" was first published December 1960. Eight issues of this are known, up to May 1962. In April 1964 a "Circular" was again issued and seems to have continued, irregularly, until March 1966. Then in April 1966, a "New Series" of Speleo Spiel commenced, as a monthly newsletter. In December 1996 The Tasmanian Caverneering Club amalgamated with the Southern Caving Society and the Tasmanian Cave and Karst Research Group to form the Southern Tasmanian Caverneers. The combined group agreed to continue to publish "Speleo Spiel" as its bi-monthly newsletter, as continues today (2015). Speleo Spiel is a vehicle for recording the cave and karst-related activities, and particularly the achievements, of the Southern Tasmanian Caverneers. It also carriers technical and scientific reports, reprints, reviews and other information likely to be of interest to members from time to time.
Open Access - Permission by Publisher
Original Version:
No. 268 (Mar 1991)
General Note:
See Extended description for more information.

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University of South Florida Library
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University of South Florida
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All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
K26-03972 ( USFLDC DOI )
k26.3972 ( USFLDC Handle )
21580 ( karstportal - original NodeID )

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SPELEO SDIEL NEWSlXJTEEi OF THE TASMANIAN CAVICRNEERING Cm, Inc. Newsletter Annual Subscription $21.00, Each $2.00 Non-member8 $3-00 PRESIDENT: Trevor Wailes 214 Sumerleas Road, Kingston, Tasmania 7050. Ph 291382 SECRETARY: Nick Mmte 9 Primrose Place, Sandy Bay, Tasmania 7005. Ph 251934 !rREAsURER: Leigh Douglas 33 George Street, North Hobart, Tasmania 7002. Ph 343709 Qu-R : Bob Reid 21 Haig Street, Lenah Valley, Tasmania 7008. Ph 280983 EDITOR / TYPIST: Stuart Nicholas 7 Rupert Avenue, New Town, Tasmania 7008. Ph 283054 PORWARD PROGRAM................................ 1 EDITORIAL ................................... 1 A m (OR TWO) FROM THE Quem! .................... 2 PRECIPITOUSBWFF ............................... 2 GRonINGSWAUET(JP36) ............................ 4 HOBl3IT HOLE (IB15) .............................. 5 SPIDERS,THISNCRC,ANDYOU .......................... 6 THE ANNUAL GENERAL MEETING held MARCH 27, 1991. ............... 8 CAVES NEAR CHUAVE, PAPUA NEW GUINEA ...................... 9 khday MY 1 General bet*: Principal topic for discussion will be the draft management plan for Kubla Khan, as noted in the AGM info elsewhere in this Spiel. Late APRIL / early MY : KD trip Dean is keen; is anyone else? Exact date is dependant on the weather, ie risk of flooding! See Stuart Nicholas for this trip. Late APRIL / early MAY: NIGGLY CAVE (JF 238) to do BUSLRBCIB'S NBW lXXR3EZ mWDURD PITM,,,. Yes, Niggly Cave has a shaft in it shown by surveying to the top and bottom (not down it yet! ) to be approximately 175 metres deep! ! (Get those leg trainers in action ....) See Rolan for this quadricep quandary... (a) Bob Reid, our esteemed quarterperson, inform me that he can supply rappel racks complete with brake bars for the meagre price of $50.00! Buy yours now before the next CPI increase you can even buy a spare for that money!


SPELEO SPIEL 268 Page 2 March 1991 A New Year ... ALL 5-IPPIIONS llUg see atta&ed forrr (b) Bob Reid, our esteemed quarterperson, (again) informs me that people are borrowing Club lamps and other paraphenalia CK, but they are BRINGIlOG 'Mg I&EB b GEAR BBCK EJHXMXY!! This is at least incnnvenient, and at worst fai~ly disasterous if we have (another! resctre callout especially in the case of lamps. So please do the right thing and borrat: cke st.uff, but BRING IT BACK pBoM7nY!! With rivetting news like that above. we really don't need an editorial this month, but 1-11 say something anyway. A recent trip into Ice Tube (JF345) showed the bolt anchors to be in fair condition, but certainly not pristine. Corrosion in the threads of some will soon render them dangerous. British data indicates that a significant fraction of the total nmter of bolt failures are due to stripping of the threads under load. Wear and corrosion (with corrosion accentuated by repeated bolt placement and removal) me the causee of the thread failures in the anchors. Stainlam steel non-removable bolt / hanger combo units are made which are claimed to % far more resistant to sorrosio~i than the presently used type of anchors. Should we replace the existing anchors with this type? Should we adopt a policy of leaving hangers and bclts, suitably greased, in anchors permanently (assuming visiting groups didn't remove them...)? Perhaps change (back) to the driven-in "rock climbing" style of bolt with fixed hanger? Establishment of known secure anchors will preventthe growth of "hit fams at the tops of pitches and hence increase the "wilderuess -:clue" SE a cave which fixed anchors detract from. Safety will not be ccmpromised fewer bits means ?;ss confusion about which are secure. Making a tool to remove the rigi in al. anchors 1s not a problem. Worth a thought? Stuart Nicholas pRgcLPIT6WS BUUBF 20 to 24 November, 1Participants: Rhys Jones (Research School of Pacific Studies ANU), Kevin Kiernan (Forestry Commission), Steve Stanton (M), Rolan Eberhard and Nick Hume (m). The expedition was organised largely to aLlow Rhye and Steve to examine the FB karst for any shelters/artefacts indicating a late Pleistocene aboriginal presence. Such early occupation has been documented at Wargata Mina (cave) 25 km north of PB and a migratory route connecting both areas via the New River valley seems plausible. Further potential sites were found during recent expeditions (Speleo Spiel m41-242, tt252-253 & #258-259) and warranted a qualified inspection. In addition, Kevin wanted tc look at recently discover& fossil-pheatic upper levels in the Bauhaus Cave System. These may have harmonised with former sea levels (+100m ASL) altered subsequently by eustatic/tectonic changes, or at least to higher water table levels of a previously less denuded karst landscape. He was also interested in some smallscale glacial ridges on the slopes of PB. Rolan and myself provided local karst knowledge for the group, performed hydrological studies and even managed some surface exploration in between time. The afternoon of the first day was spent in ~Sueva Blanca (PM). Despite seeming an ideal site, no archaeological material waa found. The cave represents former phreatic conduit (resurgence?) for Sauhaue waters, and gives ready access to the ,system's very early levels of developnent. Rolm descended a 3Om pitch to the present active level and released tracing agent in Inundation a lake series terminating the downstream of the cave. I then placed detector bags throughout nearby Damper Cave in order to establish entry points of Cueva (ie Bauhaus System) waters (see surveyed relationships in Speleo Spiel #258)Only some 40m separates


Page 3 SPELEO SPIEL 268 A New Year ... ALL SUBSCRIPTIONS Wg see attached fori March, 1991 Inundation from the closest approach of Damper Cave, although the tracer didn't bridge that gap during the two hours of that day's caving. The "archeos" also briefly inspected a near-entrance side passage area in Damper. On Wednesday f detected tracer emerging from a submerged floor hole in Damper Cave streamway an interesting result (see below for interpretation). The point is come 120m in from the cave entrance (35m upstream from survey station m). The group then went part way up PB summit walking track to the caves Weeno (PB23), PB27 and Skylab (PB28). Rhys commented that PB27 particularly, was : "...one of the moat promising looking sites. . Again, nothing unambiguously qualifying as evidence wae found. Flakes of spalled limestone created likenesses of conchoidal fracturing, mineral-staining associated with flowstone gave the impression of ochre and crumbling wood fragments appeared in unlikely places, It was all very deceptive, but Steve and Rhys remained hopeful and kept looking. Kevin and Rolan entered &ping Grin main chamber via Mezzanine (PB26) and I surface-explored the cliff line immediately east of the area. Thursday the group wandered the karst glade south of Damper Cave (intersection of plain and slope) towards and eventually beyond the Quetzalcoatl Conduit (PB3) area. "NRl", a small shelter described from HEC investigations of the area (Forster et al, 1983) as a very probable site, yielded nothing. PB2 entrance was hopelessly infilled with breakdown. HEC track marking tape was pursued around the ridge to Quetzalcoatl Conduit and the area in between given a thorough surface exploration. Two hundred metes south east of PB3 is the overhang of Divers Entrance (PB11) a short surface exposure of Quetzal. streamway. Nearby, Pendulum Palace entrance (PB12) and PB13 were examined without success, despite an ideal location with respect to aspect, source of water and lagoon surrounds. Breakdown blocks and mud extensively inundate floors inside both caves, with virtually no soil profile evident other than in the small infall debris-cones at entrances. That afternoon, a return was made to Cueva Blanca for a more systematic inspection. Steve explored to the north west of the cave, reaching the sinkhole feature marked on the hipitom 1:25000 topo. sheet. A few minor overhangs were turned up there and also immediately upslope from Cueva. Rolan continued a series of conductivity / pH / dripwater measurements begun earlier in Damper Cave, Dolerite cobbles extracted from Cueva revealed little in the way of weathering-rind formation, despite obviously very old stratigraphic association. Kevin commented that rind thickneaa was a useless indicator of age-since-deposition in the static conditions prevailing in caves. Friday was raining and cold, discouraging any early start. Rolan checked his instrumentation in Damper, then followed the edge of New River Lagoon for a couple of kilometres north of the campsite before striking inland. Little in the way of karst features was seen, apparently thanks to thick detrital covering and vile vegetation. Kevin braved hail and snow for a bit of observational geomorph. on the summit plateau of Precipitous Bluff, returning late in the day. Steve explored further to the north west of Cueva Blanca, finding thickness of vegetation to be in proportion to distance travelled. I wandered up the summit walking track to about 350 metres ASL (a point some 400 paces beyond Log Doline) to check the deep doline / gulches that appear south of the track at that level. Deep grikes were encountered in generally steep / unfriendly terrain, including a few minor wells and shafts. Descending through a calcareous siltstone interruption of the limestone stratigraphy at c. 200m, I came atop a 30m vertical-sided uvala/cave entrance complex. Small towers and steep ground were negotiated while spiralling down to a lower side of the depression. The entrance was impressive, but without enough draught to indicate anything very major below. I lacked light and rope to do more than gaze down a steeply angled shaft. This and smaller nearby entrances were (blue) taped during the climb back up the slope.


SPELEO SPIEL 268 Page 4 March 1991 A New Year ... U SUBSCRIPTIONS DIW 8ee attached form I emerged at the track 200 paces above Log Doline one entrance in a doline near the return point was carrying a good draught. While only brief, my sojourn hinted at further things to be found in this particular area if one is prepared to put in sufficient effort. Aspect is important, for many of the features have been irnmdated from colluviation along the broader flanks of PB (ie. away from relatively protective isolation of the track ridge.) The trip was fairly short by usual P3 expedition standards Kevin came away pleaaed with his findings; Rhys and Steve were a bit disappointed with the lack of obvious evidence for ice-age occupation; Rolan and myself content with our hydrological contributions. It will be interesting to see reports from other group members whenever they get published. Even the apparently negative archaeological outcome has implications for early migration patterns. Rhys conceded high vegetation density (barring movement) may be sustained here in the cold and dry conditions prevailing elsewhere in Tasmania during the Last Glacial Maximum, among a number of other possibilities. Many thanks to Kevin and Rhys for the opportunity to tag along. Ih~wledge of the different levels and present hydrology in PB'a various cave systems tempt8 interpretation of genetic sequences. Bauhaus water originally passed over the top of present Damper Cave, sa evidenced by well developed fossil phreatic conduit in Cueva Blanca, which presumably once harmonised with a much higher regional water table level (Cueva Blanca entrance = +40m ASL). Following this atage there seems to have been very rapid downcutting (ie the narrow blackened vadose canyon) of as much as 30 metres below Kokoku's and Gaping Grin's upper levels a scale more easily attributable to tectonic uplift of the landscape (and hence (sea?) water-table level retreat) than any reasonable eustatic sea level change). Bauhaus entry switched to the before mentioned floorhole, without apparently developing any presently visible vadose rift in the cave wall of Damper. This may indicate sea-level retreat below the present stand (Damper is at c. 10m ASL) allowing a connective passage to develop below present floor level of Damper Cave one that has subsequently been inundated by glacio-fluvial clastic debris. An immature vadose from of passage is also seen submerged in Floating Anxiety Sump, ie downetream Bauhaus (Speleo Spiel #258). Bare rock is visible on the higher side of the floorhole (possibly marking the former top of vadose passage), while the other side is a subnerged slope leading to almost total detrital blockage of the entry conduit. Subsequently, the low-roofed sections of Quetzalcoatl Conduit and parts of Damper may have developed by paragenesis (upward vector dissolution enforced by detrital infilling of cave passage), and enhanced by a post-glacial return of sea-levels to their present stand. Bauhaus water may have incised former entry to Damper above the left-side passage far in from the entrance (survey indicates close approach of both caves at that point) any connection now sealed by copious flowstone emanating from the roof. Further examination of cave morphology, possibly including use of dating methods, will hopefully clarify marine/tectonic influences on PB karst. Nick Hume Forster, Cromer & Simmonds, (1983) 1 t. NW River Area. South West Tasmania. HEC Report.


Page 5 SPEUO SPIEL 268 A New Year ... ALL SUBS(=RIPfIONS DUE see attached fom March, 1991 caawLIE E3U4WBT (JF36) 8 January, 1991 Party:: Bob Reid, Mark Bryce, Steve Bradford and Dean Morgan. A late decision the night before had Growling Swallet aa the target for the day. Mark and Steve have been members of the Club for a couple of yeambut had apparently never been there. I had an old sleeping mat in the back of my car and this was chopped up into four sit-upon squares which we took and placed at the top of the ladder climb / Avon'a kven at the beginning of Necrosis so the next people to get trapped there will at least not have to sit on cold rocks. A leisurely trip was made as far as Mainline and part of the way along it until time ran out. The water levels were very low and the trip was quicker than expected so we even had time to wash all the gear in the stream at the entrance and laze about in the sun! Dean Morgan Bob Reid haa access to an international electronic mail network which, amongst many other things, has a category for caving articles and info. The following item is from the network (ex USA) we have just had an S&R exercise here, but thankfully in more congenial and less biological (aracnidic??) atmosphere! Get a load of this!! From: csdon@mtsu.edu (Don Lance) Date: Wed, 17 Oct 90 12:48:41 CDT Subject: Check out this story ... Disclaimer : The following story is told by the author's opinion. Whereas some people may find the following experience exhilirating, the author reserves his right to find those people insane! (Definition : NCRC = National Cave Rescue Commission) How many of you have ever been to Texas? How many of you have ever been to an NCRC seminar? How many of you have ever been to an NCRC SJWINAR IN TEXAS? Well, the 1990 NCRC was held in San Saba, Texas, and it was an experience for everyone. One experience is related here. The members of this group were primarily Tennessee Central Basin Grotto members, but also two instructors (Leroy and Rod), several Puerto Rico friends (Javier, Mimi, and Josie) and the Nashville Grotto Chairman (Jody) were also there. Much of the field work was done in caves located in Colorado Bend State Park, which is normally off limits. NCRC got permission to work there. This is where this tale takes place ... On with the sto ry... ... We went to this one cave called Matt's Rain Drain. It was located in a alley in the desert that was over a half mile from the nearest 'road'. I had brought my video camera, but when I found out about the hike with rescue equipment, I choae to


SPEUO SPIEL 268 Page 6 kh 1991 A New Year ... BLL !%BSCRIPTIONS DUE see attached fola leave it behind. I wish I didn't! When we got there, there was this pit in the side of the gulley. It was about 8 feet in diameter, and about 40 feet deep. At the bottom was a nice-sized room with some passage. The most outstanding thing about the pit, however, was the SPIDERS. Actually, they were granddaddy long-legs, but when there were THOUSANDS of them you really don't notice! All the walls of the pit were covered, to the depth of a couple of inches, with them. It looked as if the walls had grown hair! Well, the instructor (Rod) said,"What are you waiting for!?! Get down there and practice rescuing!". Suuuurrrreeee, we thought. We drew straws, and Jody and I won!!! We were to be the surface team. (Whew!) Everybody else rappelled in. The entire walls were moving as they went down, and big clumps of spiders kept peeling off the wall and falling in. I must admit I found it amusing to hear the men in the team screaming just about as loud as the women were down there! ("Uuuuuuuuu--uh! Hey, get off me man! Whoa!) Even though I was on the surface, spiders began crawling out everywhere onto me! They were everywhere. It was the wildest thing I've ever seen! Have you ever tried to concentrate on belaying someone when you're covered with spiders? Down in the pit, Jeff Parnell said that when he looked up he could see spiders LEUING off the walls and sailing into the pit. And whenever a washtub-sized gob of spiders hit you, he said it felt like being hit with a wet towel. He said after you got sowe of the spiders off (you never really got totally rid of those little guys), they would walk over to the walls of the pit, climb up, and W off again. It was like they enjoyed it! He also said that there were so many spiders you could SMHLL them--a sort of sickly sweet smell. Then the rescue problems started. The 'victim' was Leroy, who had volunteered, but he didn't realized what he had volunteered for. After tying him firmly down in the rescue litter (arms at his sides), we began to haul him up. When he got almost to the top, it turned out that the team below had miscalculated and had tied the haul line too far from the litter. We had to lower him down and try again. All this time he was covered with spiders, and he wanted us to rescue him QUICKLY. (Imagine that!) We hauled him up a second time, and still the haul line was too far from the litter. At about this time a big gob of spiders peeled off the wall and fell onto his face. With no way to get them off, he began to try shaking his head and blowing/sputtering with his mouth. This worked somewhat, but somehow not to his satisfaction! To our amazement, our victim then began twisting and turning, and then untied himself from the litter! He then climbed HAND OVER HAND out of the litter and out of the pit in an escape that would have made Houdini proud! Beats anything I've ever seen. Well, the instructor called the rescue off (time was short), and everybody began climbing out. They found, to their enjoyment, that the bouncing a rope makes during climbing helps even more spiders into the pit. One woman, Josie, used prusik knots in her Texas-Y climbing system (a system that is usually pretty slow when compared to rope walkers, and prusiks make it even more so). Slightly discouraged by Josie's progress, one guy from TCBG (Eric) could stand it no longer. "I'm climbing out behind you Josie!! !" Within the space of seconds, he was underneath Josie! He really did climb FAST! (I wonder why?) As a matter of fact, he was so fast that the rest of us thought he was going to bring out Josie on his shoulders ... After everyone finally got out of the pit and gathered the rescue equipnent, Jody said, "Now that wasn't such a chore, now was it?". Jody spent three days in the hospital.


Page 7 SPELEO SPIEL 268 A New Year.. ALtL SUBSI;IZIPTIONS WE see attached forr March, 1991 No, I'm just kidding about the hospital. But I must admit he did get some STRONG looks, if not lau &a... Well, hoped everybody enjoyed it! There are still many tales to tell, but that's for another day ... I know one thing: if I'm drafted I'm not telling the service8 that I have rescue training in the desert and that I have experience with rappelling and ropework! No sir, I was born in front of a canputer. . =IT HOLE (IB15) 13 January, 1991 Party: Glen, Wayne, Peter and Dave (Hills Speleo. Soc. NSW) and Dean Morgan! The Florentine Valley was closed because of the dry weather and the visitors had spent the previous couple of days at Ida Bay so I suggested Hobbit Hole again as it would be good to do it in the drier spell. Even Mystery Creek Cave had almost dried up and Hobbit Hole was reduced to a large trickle of water, although even this was enough to ensure a thorough soaking on the last ample of pitches. h at the bottom of the cave there was a 5cm long centipede which had presumably been W& in. He must have been hungry as he even started eating the piece of wood we poked him with One of the main reasons that I wanted to go to this cave was to take a look at an aven parallel to the last pitch to see if it would be possible to pendulum across into it. I had mentioned this to Glen on the way down in the car. Unfortunately I didn't remember again until I was halfway up the top pitch on the way out! It will have to wait until another day. Also interesting to note were the leaves stuck to the walls from sumping 10 metres up from the bottom of the first pitch! There was also a sardine can found halfway down the last pitch hopefully not left there by cavers, but washed in (like our friend the centipede). 8 Dean Margan IDST: l only 5 metre long yellow 50mm tape has length written on the end in felt pen; also a l inch red/blue/white stripped tubular tape sling about 2 metres long. These were used on the S&R exercise at Ida Bay, but haven't been seen since. If they are in your collection, please give them back to the owner Stu Nicholas!


SPELJSO SPIEL 268 Page 8 March 1991 A New Yew. . ALL SU'JECRIPTTONS DUE see atterched fox% by Rolan Werhard Introduction Chuave, a town in Simbu Province in the highlands of Papua New Guinea, is situated on an extensive belt of Tertiary limestone. This extends south-easterly from Kundiawa to the Asm River and into Eastern Highlands Province. The uplifted beds form a precipitous escarpnent from Kundiawa to Chuave, at which point a valley carrying drainage from the north-east crosses the deposit. South of Chave the limestone rises dramatically again, reaching an altitude of 285(kn at 8ummit of Mt. Elimbari. It is an impressive landscape, containing well developed kamt features including numerous caves. mtriate cavers were active in Simbu in the 1970's. Speleological interest focused on the Porol Range, the slopes of Mt. Elimbari, and to a leaser extent, the Chimbu Gorge north of Kundiawa. A major find in the Porols was Bibima, a mallet explored to a depth of 494m in 1974, and currently PNG's third deemt ayetem. In more recent years little cave exploration has been done, although the area ha8 a depth potential of 600-80010 (Bourke, 1980). The local people have been making use of the caves for their own -sea aince low before the 1930's when Europeans first entered the Highlands. Traditional uaes include providing shelter, refuge in times of war, a source of food in the fora of flying foxes, and a place to intern the dead. Vertical shafts were apparently sometimes used to dispose of witches and the diseased. The abundance of rock art ip many cave entrances attests to their cultural significance, and some sites are of considerable archaeological interest. A brief trip to Kiren Cave (krhard, 1990), near Keu Village on the northern flanka of Mt. Elimbari, sparked my interest in an area of streamsinks and dolines nearby. These occur within an enclosed valley trending north-south between Fikmbaru and Chuave (see Figure 1). I made several reconnaissance trips there in late 1989, and the four principal caves that I investigated briefly are described below. Kirowa, located about 30 minutes walk from Chuave near Gomea Village, ia a well known cave. Various names have been applied to it in the literature. Prelnnaably this is partly a result of the way different authors transcribe local pronunciations, but this alone does not entirely explain the proliferation of nappea. The cave referred to here, as well as by Bourke (1978), as "Kirowa", has also been called "Kiowa" (Wilde, 1974, Wilde & White, 1976), "Gomea" (Wilde, 1973), "KaiaKwno" (Wilde, 1973, 1974), "Kimomo Cave" and "Topia River entrance" (Read, 1973). Champion (1968) lists the latter two as separate caves, though in the context of Read's article it seems that only one cave is involved. Dehameng et a1 (19821: taLk of "Gomea Cave" containing the "Kiowa River". In response to to my questioning, aa informant from Gomea Village seemed to think that "Kirowa" was the IROS~ agpr~ipris$& name for the cave. The cave is a large resurgence with the most easly accessible sectia~. be* vq '1 upper levels. A slippery climb from a large opening in the cliff famb above tbe .' rising leads up to a spacious entrance chamber. Several holes in the ceiling allow daylight to enter here, and calcite drapings and the sculptured nature of the rock give the place a cathedral-like atmosphere. Two obvious wages lead off. Oas is a broad, flat-floored tunnel that may be followed to the edge of a 4m drop. According to Wilde (1973), the river passage that lies below this pi*h has been explored downstream to where it resurges.


Page ? SPEUO SPIEL 268 .$ New 'fear. Att Sr"BSC;TdiTIONS WE see attached March, 1991 From the entrance chamber the second passage is reached by ascending a 1% slope on the right. This cqxris 0.3: into a ;arge gallery containing a bat colony. Further along the passage Fire rnassivr caicrte Fcmnations in the form of columns, flowstone and gours. The active riverway is agam met, though it is still possible to continue for some distance along the -2ppE:r level. At the furthest point 1 reached it was necessary to clim'o down such closer to water level, and here the river was racing through a ?;m wide rayon. The hmbila River sinks in a large depression to the south-east of Kirowa. In addition to the swallet entrance, several other entrances are known. One is a shaft named Angugu that joins the river passage via a 44m shaft. The system was first entered by this route in 1976, though at that time the cavers were apparently unaware that the river they encountered went underground just a few hundred metres upstream. This fact was verified in 1978 when the main swallet entrance was entered. The explorers pushed downstream of the point where Angugu joins, proceeding for "several hundred metres further till again stopped by another narrow8 section" (Bourke, 1978). The main river passage is an impressive borehole some IOm in diameter. Minor rapids and pools occur along its initial length, and tree trunks jammed in the ceiling at various points testify to the force and volume of water during floods. Torrential rain at certain times of the year probably makes this a fairly regular occurrence. A number of side passages branch off tne main streamway. In order of increadng distance downstream they are as follows: (1) a tributary stream entering fron the left local intelligence gives Langomo (see below) as the source, (2) a dry gallery on the right leading into a high chamber where another entrance possibly joins, (3) a ramp on the right leading up to the base of a shaft entrance frequented by bats, and (4) Angugu see Wilde & White (1976) for description and map. Judging by the amount of water it takes, bmbila is probably the principal source of the river in Kirowa. It is possible that the through-trip would be a fairly straightforward, granted that the size of the river and risk of flooding make it a serious proposition. Definitely a dry season cave. The distance between the two caves is in the order of Zkm, and although Wilde & White (1976) predict "numerous vertical wet pitches to be found", the bight difference may not be all that great. Three entrances in close proximity appar to be associated with this cave. The lowest is a streamsink of moderate size that is reputed to join krnbila. The water can be followed underground for a short distance to where a sump is encountered. A dry entrance in a cliff face just uphill is a more interesting prospectIt consists of a large rift out of which :lid air was draughting at the time of my visit. Entry requires the descent, 3f m initial 10m drop. Below this are various passages and undescended dmps men",ioned by Read (1973). He refers to it as Oriro Cave. A third entrance is locat~d further up:?::l sgsin. This is a large doline, of which one side is a massive overhmging snt-mce. At the bcttom is a flat mud floor and I little apparent passage devel~pen~. l-rwever, s crawl that leads off at one point is likely to connect to the actlve eyszex below.


SPELEO SPIEL 268 Page 10 March 1991 A Net; Year.. r?JL SU5SQi:IFTfmS DUE see attached form Kirove is most easily +pprocf:ed from Fikombax. It is another swallet that may feed Kirowa, though conceivably the water emerges elsewhere. The entrance is an impressive arch draped with large sf,alactites and scme 50m wide by 40m high. Two streams that merge outside have cut a deep trench on the right side of the entrance. It is possible to scramble up to a broad platfcrm close to the ceiling on the left. From here a traverse over ~E?SY slabs Leads down to waterlevel. A spacious passage descends in a series of rapids and short waterfalls to a sump approximately 150m from the entrance. Exploration potential in the Chuave-Elimbari 3rea is good. Lombila offers exciting river caving with the likelihood of realising a connection with Kirowa. Although the depth potential of this system is not great, the possibility that Langomo is part of the same system mczy offer significant additional depth. The prospects for deep caves are better to the immediaf,e south. Swallets have been reported from the eastern slopes of Mt. Elimbari, and one small cave is known to exist on the summit itself (Wilde, 1973). In PNG terms, access via roads and foot tracke to many of the caves is relatively good. However. the local people can be tlnpredictable in their response to would-be cavers. In most cases I had few problems visiting the caves described above, however, in other areas I did t.-xper~ence difficulties. As already mentioned, there are strong traditional sssociations with certain caves, ad villagers may be reticent about letting cutaiders in as a resclt. Sometimes payment is demanded for the privilege. The situation may be further co;lplicated where several people claim to be "papa bilong gram" (is. owner of th~ land) for ,particular caves, often with conflicting views as to whether access shocld be granted and at what price. References Bourke, R.M., 19?8), "The PNGCEG Easter 73 Simbu Trip", 6(2): 63-64. Bourke, R.M., (1980), "Ecgress in Papua New Gainea 1978 & 1979", International 6 6 7: 22-26. Champion, C.R., !1968), "Caving and Karst Areas in Papua New Guinea", pp.189-195 in P. Matthews (ed), Sreleo Handbook. A.S.F. Deharveng, L. Mowet. C. Eerenguer D.. i !979>, "Speleological Investigations in Paw New Guinea", "( 1): 15-21. Eberhard, R. f 1990 1, "A Season in the Hig:?: X-&", we^ S~iel 256: 4-7. Read, K., (19731, "Some 1963 trips t~ flononc.. Henganofi. and Chuave, Eastern Highland and Chimbu Dissrlctj U-=: ; 2) : 77-56. Wilde, K.A., (1974:, "Trip to kmea 3iid 9013 'ilisges Area. 'jhuave, Chimbu District", b,,g.ui Caver .. 2;4!: 249-5:. Wilde, K.A. & T. White, i1376), "Angunga Sir&. Chimbu Province", Niuaini Caver 4(1): 23-24.


Page 11 A NW Year.. U SUBS(XIIPTIMIS DUB see attached folrSpEW%!%H Chuave 1 Figure 1: Approximate location of caves in the area between Chuave and Mt Elimbari. Grid lines are at lkm intervals, with 40m contours. 1: Kirowa, 2: Lombila, 3: Langomo, 4: Kirove, 5: Kiren Cave.


SPELEO SPIEL 268 Page 12 March 1991 A New Year.. ALL SUBSCRIPTIONS DtJK see attached form THE ANNUAL GEblERBL MRBTING held tWRU4 27, 1991, A reasonable turnout of about 17 people saw something of a "spill" in the regime that runs our esteemed club. The office bearers as elected (and there was an election!) are listed below. Matters discussed included the need for a monthly "official / formal" meeting this will be instigated from the first Wednesday in April, ie the next meeting date. The idea is to give everyone something to come along for and a forum in which to discuss any issues, large or small the meetings will usually be short, but will occur. So, note that GENIWL MEFTINGS will happen on the first Wednesday of every month, starting at 8.30pm in the back meeting room of the Wheatsheaf Hotel, South Hobart. The third Wednesday of the month will still see the non-formal gatherings as of the past, maybe with slides or whatever. Other discussion included the need for a possible amendment to the Constitution to ensure our exemption from taxation liability and a motion was carried to that effect. Input to FM4 re the Kubla Khan draft management plan was called for and this will be discussed at the General Meeting on the first Wednesday in Hay. Copies of the relevant sections of Andy Spate's draft management plan, plus a couple of copies of the document complete. will be available for perusal before then, and at the meeting, from Stuart Nicholas. Off ice bearers for 1991/92: President Hon. Secretary Hon. Treasurer Vice President Quartermaster Editor Librarian Archivist Cave Diving Officer General Committee Honorary Auditor Public Officer Stuart Nicholas Rolan brhard Simon Morgan Dean Morgan Bob Reid Stuart Nicholas Stefan Eberhard Stefan Fberhard/Albert Goede (for maps) Nick Hume Trevor Wailes Nick be Tim Sprod Caleb Pearce Ian Ross Stephen Bunton On behalf of all members of the Tasmanian Caverneering Club, Inc. I would like to express my appreciation of the work done by Trevor Wailes as President of TCC since 1981, ie a ten year term! Well done Trev hang in there its always good to have a devil's advocate in the ranks! Thank you also to all other office bewers without whom our little Club could not exist. I trust we will continue on as Austrelia's most productive caving club. If there are any gripes out there, please don't be backward in coming forward and making your problem known. mone numbers of the office bearers will appear at the front of the magazine and a complete member list will be printed in the near future. Stuart Nicholas


TASMANIAN CAVERNEERING CLUB Inc. PO BOX 416J, SANDY BAY, TASMANIA, 7005 MEMBERSHIP RENEWAL FORM ...... 1 991192 FIRST NAME: ........................................................ LAST NAME: ..................................................... ............................................................................................................................ HOME ADDRESS: ................................................................. ................................................................ SUBURB: CITY: STATE:. .................................................................. POSTCODE:.. ........................ ......................................................................................................................... MAILING ADDRESS: ................................................................ SUBURB: CITY: ................................................................. STATE: ................................................................... POSTCODE:.. ........................ ..................................... PHONE (home): ........... work): ................. ........................................ PLEASE RETURN THIS FORM WITH YOUR FEE TO THE CLUB AS SOON AS POSSIBLE FEES ARE LISTED BELOW PLEASE TICK FULL MEMBERSHIP (1 8 years and over) JUNIOR (under 18 years) & STQENT. SPELEO SPIEL (only): FAMILY MEMBERSHIP: Annual subscription fees are due at the Annual Genera Meeting in the last week o f March each year. They must be paid before the end of June if not, you will be deemed unfinancial and your name removed from our files. The Tasmanian Caverneering Club relies on prompt payment of subscriptions in order that it may produce the Speleo Spiel regularly and keep equipment in good condition. PLEASE PAY PROMPTLY!!

The Tasmanian Caverneering Club was formed on 13 September
1946. Initially, information was provided to members through
a circular, copies of which exist back to November 1947.
"Speleo Spiel, Circular of the Tasmanian Caverneering
Club" was first published December 1960. Eight issues of this
are known, up to May 1962. In April 1964 a "Circular" was
again issued and seems to have continued, irregularly, until
March 1966. Then in April 1966, a "New Series" of Speleo
Spiel commenced, as a monthly newsletter.
In December 1996 The Tasmanian Caverneering Club
amalgamated with the Southern Caving Society and the
Tasmanian Cave and Karst Research Group to form the Southern
Tasmanian Caverneers. The combined group agreed to continue
to publish "Speleo Spiel" as its bi-monthly newsletter, as
continues today (2015).
Speleo Spiel is a vehicle for recording the cave and
karst-related activities, and particularly the achievements,
of the Southern Tasmanian Caverneers. It also carriers
technical and scientific reports, reprints, reviews and other
information likely to be of interest to members from time to


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