Speleo Spiel

Material Information

Speleo Spiel
Series Title:
Speleo Spiel
Southern Tasmanian Caverneers
Publication Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
Regional Speleology ( local )
serial ( sobekcm )


General Note:
The Tasmanian Caverneering Club was formed on 13 September 1946. Initially, information was provided to members through a circular, copies of which exist back to November 1947. "Speleo Spiel, Circular of the Tasmanian Caverneering Club" was first published December 1960. Eight issues of this are known, up to May 1962. In April 1964 a "Circular" was again issued and seems to have continued, irregularly, until March 1966. Then in April 1966, a "New Series" of Speleo Spiel commenced, as a monthly newsletter. In December 1996 The Tasmanian Caverneering Club amalgamated with the Southern Caving Society and the Tasmanian Cave and Karst Research Group to form the Southern Tasmanian Caverneers. The combined group agreed to continue to publish "Speleo Spiel" as its bi-monthly newsletter, as continues today (2015). Speleo Spiel is a vehicle for recording the cave and karst-related activities, and particularly the achievements, of the Southern Tasmanian Caverneers. It also carriers technical and scientific reports, reprints, reviews and other information likely to be of interest to members from time to time.
Open Access - Permission by Publisher
Original Version:
No. 82 (Aug 1973)
General Note:
See Extended description for more information.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
K26-04146 ( USFLDC DOI )
k26.4146 ( USFLDC Handle )
21756 ( karstportal - original NodeID )

USFLDC Membership

Karst Information Portal

Postcard Information



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Full Text


Speleo ~piel.(~o.82). Page 1. Au~ust, 1973. Editor: Andrew Skinner. FORWARD PROGWiE Uug.10-12 Mole Creek. Fri: Croesus(photography,rubbish removal. ) Sat: Kubla Khan (~hotography) Andrew Skinner. Sat: Pyramid-Cow Cave through trip. R.1hnsfield. Sun: Georgies Hall-Wet Cave. Andrew Skinner. Aug. 14-17 Exit Cave. Extended mid-week trip for photography and surveying. kndrew Skinnier. Aug.18,19 ~unee-~1oEentine. Sat : Track narkiw in Welcome Stranger. Sun: Surf ace walking around swallets (KD, cauldron Pot) and Junee cave. Andrew Skinner. Aug. 25,26 Hastings. Sat: Complete survey of Wolf Hole. George V and/or Newdegat e( easy tourist type day Andrew Skinner. / Sept. 2 c. Sun: Ki3 Florentine. Day trip to Frarikcombe Cave. Lots of crawling. Noel White. 4 U Sept. 5 General meeting. Sinon and Janet St ephens 43 Seaview Ave., Taroona. 8 p.m. n Septt .+l0 Maria Island. ate tentative: Mike Ja,,oets boat. Sea caves in north of island. A.Skinner. Sept. l5 ANNUAL DINNER. Black Buffalo Hote1,opp. Hobart Matric.Col1. Bookings with P $ 2.50 deposit p.hd. to Therese Goede by the 5th of Sept. Balance of 2.00 per.head to be paid before the 12th Sept. Cheques should be made payable to Tas Caaerneerine Club. Full payment may be made when booking if preferred. Mid November Surprise Bay(wa1king trip). Andrew Skinner. PICTON RIVER Track-cutting most weekends. Contact Bill Lehnann or Brian Collin on Wednesday nights at 66 Wentworth Street, Sth.Hobart. ...............*..........0.......... ..................***.*.**........... Editorial. Once again the mighty Exit Cave is in the limelight. Clu5 activities seen to have turned from the watery depths of Junee to thetfriendlyt atmosphere of Ida Bay. Since January this year ten trips have been to the area and many more are planned. Activities have included track marking, exploration in Loons Cave, photography, an abortive dig, investigation for road access, surface exploration and nunbering on the northern side of Marble Hill, and the preparation of a detailed nap of the section before the talus. BUT there are literally years of work to be done at least two miles are unsurveyed and there must be many undescended pots on Marble Hill. Lately TCC has had an influx of new members and prospectives. Ida Bay is certainly the area where their energy and enthusiasm might be absorbed. Urgent priorities are: conpletion of napping and surveying SRT training descent of potholes on Marble Hill those avens must lead soaewhere. On the conservation/tourisn side interest has been correspondingly high. Active lobbying has continued on the Scenic Reserve pro osal, ? first subnitted by TCC in 1971. A local group is most interes ed in opening the first section of the cave for tourisn but have been unable to obtain povernment approval for their plans. A detailed manageme~t/tlevelopment plan is being prepared for the area and should be coq~leted in early November. Andrew Skinner. Letters to the Editor. h Andrew, Noted in the last Spiel two articles wherein zrid references to caves at ~Maria Island and jn the Florentine Valley were


Speleo Zpiel. Page 2. August, 1973. published. I su,~,;est this practice is undesirable and should be diseontinued imlediately. Journals of caving groups can readily find their way into the hands of non-conservation oriented people. Although inthe present cases doubtless little damage could be done, difficulties as to where one must draw the line emer(;e. I would request that all locational information be therefore restricted to a.distribution no wider than the average file drawer. Cheers, Kevin Kiernan. MISCELL-NdGUS -==A warm welcome is extended to the following new mer.lbers who. were elected at the August general neeting. Laurie Moody, 13 Mason Street Claremont, 7011. Glen ~innin{;ton( Junior member), 20 Leighland Road, Claremont 7011. Wendy lflold, Jane Franklin Hall, Davey Street. Wendy is a former member of the Northern Branch. Michelle Parrell, 1B/19 French Street, Dynnyrne, 7005. Mike Jagoe, Byriqvale Hostel, 2 Midwood St. New Town, 7008. Greg Stricklan2, c/o Dept.of Envirornantal Design, TCAE, Mt.NeYson. Leonie Smith, 23 Mt. Stuart Road, Mt. Stuart. TCC(Northern Branch) have forned a new group, Northern Caverneers. They are to apl~ly to ASP at the Melbourne committee nectiqq for full nembershipb Best wishes for active caving in the north. This month we lose two of our most active nenbers. Albert Goede is leaving for the ANZAAS Conference in Perth and a trip to the Kimberley~(~.~.). >,hilip Robinson is leaviq for England, via New Guinea. Phi1 was Vice-President last year and has been a dominant factor in our recent successes at Junee. We will miss his enthusiasm and energy for the next six months. Our loss will be Ew:lands gain (caving wise). State Ziason Council. At a r-le~tini held at the SCS clubroona the followim charter was drawn up and has been. subsequently accepted at the Te~ general.. meeting. A.Skinner and W.Lehmann were elected as delef;ates and S.Stephens will attend while Rlbert Goede is away. CHAI :TCR FOR THE TASMANIAN COUNCIL OF SPELEOLOGY. .--P 1. The Council shall be know as the Tasmanian Council of Speleology. 2. Menbershi;) of the Council shall be open to all Pefieration member societies within the state of Tasmania. 3. Each nenher society shall be represented on council by its President and two additional delegates who shall act as its spokesnen and shall between then exercise a single vote on behalf of their society. 4.'The purposes of the Council shall be: a) where ai~ropriate, to speak on behalf of or to re~resent the interests of all nenber societies. b) to arrange such joint activities or integration of society activities as nay be agreed by the member sooieties. c) to provide a forwn for discussion of issues of concern to menber societies, and when agreed by the Council, to take action on such is~ues. d) to provide a cleariq; house for the exchange of information or other co~nmunication between member societies. e) to undertake any other action or functions agreed by member societies. provi-ded that no actions of the Council shall conflict with the general policies of the Federation, and that no actions shall be taken in res3ect of matters outside of the geoc-rapliical area covered by t e Council's meabership. 5. The Council shall elect from amongst delegates its own cha&rqm, secretary and treasurer. 6. Levies r+ay 5e char,;ed upon neaber societies in or2er to finance


Speleo Spiel. .. -..Page 3. August, 1973. activities of the Council, provided that any such levy must be approved by all member societies. In the event of such a levy being charged, an audited financial statement shall be prepared and circulated once in each calender year. (1t was decided by the member societies that their share of the profit fron the ASP Convention in 1970 be made available to the Council.) 7. Meetings shall be convened by the chairman either on own decision, as determined by the Council, or at the request of any two nember societies, provided that a meeting must be held at least twice in each calendar year. No decisions shall be taken without represehtation fron all nember societies. 8. The chairman shall furnish a report to the Committee of the Federation at each neetix of that Committee. Rules: Ad Hoc Cornlittees will be chaired by an existing Cowlcil delegate. Ad Hoc Cornlittees may be formed for particular functions and as such shall contain representatives fron each Society but not necessarily Council delegates. (Three Ad Hoc Committees were suggested; Cave Documentation, Conservation, and Search and Rescue). DON'T SCRWP OUR BLUFF, is the tilte of'the latest Precipitous Bluff car sticker. In case you missed the public forum at the Town Hall the Government is preparing a management plan for the area. The Club has been advised by correspondence fron the Minister for the Environment that this is to be released soon. The forum was attended by some 400 who listened to several speakers, including Mr.Bruce Champion who presented a very persuasive ar,,pnent on the uneconomic nature of mining in the area. Pat Wessing, a foundation member of TCC, received media coverage when she spoke of the poor economic conditions in Esperance and the need for zonin;; in the area. The Journal of the Sydney Speleological Society devotes almost its entire issue this month to an editorial and trip rep~rt on Precipitous Bluff. The Journal can he borrowed from the Secretary, as well as car stickers and other information. Correction: Speleo Spiel, No.81: The article on Maria Is. was written bf Andrew Skinner. snother trip to the area is planned for the school holidays. TCC is preparing a Submission for the Enquiry into the National Estate, mainly concerning Exit, Croesus and Kubla Khan Caves. Our atitudes to the sale of speleothems, zoning in cave areas. Ideas and slides of Kubla Khan and Croesus to Andrew Skinner. +++ Some help in addressing wrappers, stanping covers and collating the Spiel wpuld be appreciated. Anyone with an anbition to wield a rubber staq or punch in staples please see Therese at 8 Bath St., Battery Point. +++ Next issue, article on Bastings by Roy Skinner. PIfiST AUSTMLIAN CO&T-RENCE ON CAVE TOURISM. The First Australasian Conference on Cave Tourism, sponsored by the Australian Speleological Federation, was held at ~enolan Caves House, MS'JI~ on July 10-13, 1973. This was attended by approx. forty spcleolorists and representatives from Tourist and Xational Parks organisations in all states, the Northern Territory and ACT. Matters of interest to tourist cave operators and administrators were discussed from steam cleaning of the Orient Czve, Jenolan to a pro~osal for a three day seminar for cave puides at the College of Advanced Education, Canberra. Of prticular interest was the declared belief that the demand for recreational areas in Australia will certaily increase greatly


Speleo Spiel. --Page 4. August, 1973. in the near future, and that careful planning for this increase should be undertaken at the present time. Caves must play a vital role in this planning, with Western Australia and Tasmania playing the major roles as the states with the highest potential for future develapJ2ents. It was su[:?,ested that a follow-up conference could be held in Tasnania in 1975. R.K. Skinner. TRIP REPORTS. Sphinx Rock Climbing Practice, 22/7/73. Partg: Phi1 Robinson, Ros Beli, klbert Goede, Andrew Skinner, Laurie Moody, Glen Pinnington, and brother Sean, Ruben ?, Richzrd Schmidt, Bill Hardemam, and utilla Vrana. Albert and Philip spent the morning on SRT whilst Ros and I introduced the others to ladder work. Glen and Laurie proved to be quite profficient but the other two need sone more practice before attempting serious clinbiq underground. In the afternoon I did -sone SRT whilst the others continued laddering. Richard and Bill dropped in for a quick look before departing for Launcestmn. Late in the afternoon Ihilip and dtilla decided to go up to the Organ Pipes. Andrew Skinner. 1 Exit Cave 28,29/7/73. Partg: Andrew skim er(^), Laurie Moody(P), Glen Pinr~in.&on(P), Huben ? and two other prospectives. The ail! of this trip was to draw in the detail on the traverse which was surveyed a fortni[

Speleo Spiel. Page 5. After a 5 a.m. start we-were on the track at first light. After a sg~lendid sunrise over Mt.La Perouse we reached Reecels Bog, which was under a couple of inches of ice. Before entering the cave we decided to light a f&re and after nuch effort, fossil fuel and Wendy's toilet paper, coffee and toast were served. k~fter depositin; our rucksacks at Caiip 1 Ros and I started surveying whilst the others photographed and found their way around the first s2ction of the cave. A passage opposite Camp 1 was investieated and a squeeze was pushed for 100 metres. Sunday was spent surveying in the Hammer Passage and back to the entrance. WARNING: Li~hts can fail, we reached daylight with only one accmmulator still working and with the aid of several candles. Bendy had not charced her accmmulator and mine was on the blink. The three carbide lamps ran out of fuel or water and the hand torches had flat batteries. It can happen to you? We left the canp with little 1i;ht and were fortunate enough that somebody had candles near the top of their pack. Nevertheless, the Grade 5 survey was completed from the talus to the entrance. Andrew Skinner. Exit Cave Road. -k road will be built to Exit Cave. It is not possible to say when or by whom, but one day a road will be built. Fron an aesthetic and exyedient point of view!, the logical route to follow is from a point imediately north of the crossing of the DlEntrecasteaux River by the South Cape forestry road, then follow the course of the stream to its confluence with Exit Creek, and parallel to the creek to the cave entrance, However,fron a road-makers point of view this could be unsuitable owing to the low-lying terrain and consequent areas of water saturation creating difficulties with stabilisation of a roaa foundation. With this in mind, myself and Stuart Gamble made a reconnoitering trip around the north side of the alluvial plain(Reece1s Bog) on ~aturday, July 28th. Ve left the South Cape road at a point approximately one mile fron the Cockle Creek road and traversed around Su;nrloaf, endeavouring to maintain an elevation of about three to four hundred feet above sea level, to a point approx. half a mile fron the saddle between Sugarloaf and Marble Hill, Here fron a vantage point, it was obvious that a road could follow this route and naintain a constant elevation to Exit Cave except for the area irmediately below the saddle. It was judged that the distance for the two alternative routes would be similar, the main difference being a chan6;e in course.on the higher route once Xarble Eill was reached. The higher route appeared suitable for road naking over the area traversed despite dense, tangled veeetation due to repeated burning. Loose metal along the route indicated that extensive cartage of road surface material would not be necessary. Aesthetically the route is quite satisfactory. Pine views of Mt. La Perouse, The Hippo, Table-top and Moonlight Ridqe were obtained on the inward journey, and Southport Lagoon and South Bruny Island were clearly visible on the return ljourney. In a proposal to the Government to open 8 half mile section of Exit Cave to the public by local interests, it is intencled to transport all visitors by bus from the South Cape road. Disadvantages with the higher route are apparent; (a) it conflicts with APPM leases currently being worked, and (b) the abscence of a suitable area for car parking and a mustering point at the comencenent of the new road. lVIr.J.Casey, of Dbver, who has had extensive experience in road making roblens has indicated that he proposes to walk to the cave R along t e river r~ute and return via the higher route within the next few weeks. fro^ his observations it should be resolved whether the DfEntrecasteaux route is practicable or not. Roy Skinner.


Speleo SpieL. Page 6. More Abseiling and Prussiking by Peter Shaw. This article is a follow-up to my article in the Nov.1972 Spiel, in which basic techniques and items of equipnent were discussed. The intervening six months has seen a stabilisation of equipment and systems. Rope: Future rope purchases will be of the American Blue Water I1 caving rope. For a discussion of the rope, see the Decenber, 1972 Spiel. Rope Protectors: Rope protection is still unsatisfactory. At the top of pitches, tackle bags are being used and are satisfactory. However, the slit plastic tubing is unsatisfactory and substitute methods of protection are desirable. It should have the following properties: 1. Lightweight, 2. Compact, 3. Easy to place and remove, 4. frill not allow the rope to slide out of position. Several lines of enquiry are open at present. One is to fasten cansas pads to the rock using pitons, small bolts or natural anchorai;es. Another is to wrap canvas around the rope and fasten it using bulldog clips, press studs or something similar. Another idea yet to be tried, is to rivet sections of split tubing t~ a ~iece of mattiw,-thereby combining the advantages of the mattirqi and the split tubing. The matting would prevent the tubing from turning over which is the nain disadvantage. The Shaw Mark I1 Sit ~arnes;. -ess has the advantage that it can be made using an ordinary sewing nachine. None of the sewn joints are of crucial importance. Pirstly, make up a comfortable swami seat usinp two inch terylene webbing tied with tape knots. Next, nake a waist loop of the sme webbing, such that, when doubled and passed around your waist, the two ends can just be clipped together using a krab. With two short pieces of webbing, sew connecting straps, as in the diagram. These straps should not be right behind you, but slightly towards the sides. Two krabs, in parallel, should be clipped from the swami seat around both sections of the waist-loop. The purpose of the two -rabs is to facilitate any manouvres such as changing ropes, chant;inc from abseil to prussik or knot passing. If deskred -\ .the centre of the swami seat can be re-inforced by sti~ching an +.D extra piece of tape to it. The connecting straps are sewn so as to allow the outer tape: to move. The waist-loop can than be adjusted by adjustill;: the tape kno* at the back. -Chest, Harness: A chest harness can be made by sewing the adjustin& part of a seat belt to a piece of $WO inch webbing. Shoulder straps can be made using one inch webbing. If these are tied in loops and then threaded on the chest-loop rather than sewn to it, the chest juiiar can be removed.


Speleo Spiel. .-Page 7. au{;ust, 1973. Foot Loopss Foo~~loops are used in conjunction with C-links, so that you have foot loops which are comfortable when prussiking, but which need not be removed at the top of each pitch. They are worn either for the full time spent underground or only for the vertical section. A C-link is threaded onto a piece of two inch webbing, which is then tied with a tape knot so that it fits comfortably onto the foot. Either a piece of perlon or cord or something elastic is tied to the loop as an ankle strap. g\, C -1t-k ~bseiliw Devices: -For the lasx six months rappel racks have been used by mehbers of the club. >haletails have just been purchased and a detailed valuation should soon be possible. At first glance, tha wheletail appears to be the better of the two. It is a better heat-sink, spreads the wear over more bars and is faster to put oil the rope. It is more difficult to lock up than the ra:pel rack. When the whaletail wears out it must be replaced, whereas individual bars can be replaced on the rappel rack. Although mainlanders claim that the whaletail wears less, I don't think this will be substantial until the whaletail has been tested in Tasnanian conditions, where the ropes appear to get much dirtmer than do those of the Sydneyites although I don't know what New Lealand conditions are like. The Shaw Three -Jumar Four phase Super-Duper, Whizzban^ Prussiki System: (accep~suh~~ This systen, as well as allowing four separate prussiking nethods to be used, is all that is necessary to change ropes, pass knots, change from abseil to prussik and vice-versa. It's disadvantage is that it requires three jumars. The principal Advantage is that the fcur prussiking methods can be speedily interchanged in the course of the one pitch; thereby allowing the technique to be adapted to suit the changing nature of the pitch. This system workwell on the ei~hty netre pitch in Tassy Pot, where you have a free section, a slo2ing wall, a steep wall and then a broken sloping wall. If you ever find while interchanging systens, that you're tied up and can't move your arms, or that you are not attached'to to the rope, I can accept no responsibility. The basis of the system is the chest jumar, which is threaded onto the chest harness at the top, and clipped into one of the two sit harness krabs at the botdom. This is very uncomfortable to walk in, but @ves the best results when prunsiking, Unclip the jumar froin the bottom krab when moving between pitches, There are two objects in keeping the chest jumar tight it keeps your bdy vertical, ensuring that no enerpy is wasted in coning to a vertical position before moving up; it also ensures that, when moving up, you do not have to take up any slauk, before the juiar noves up also. While the secona object could be achieved by usin;; an elastic shock cord looped mound the neck, the chest harness is still necessary to keel? your body vertical on free pitches. If all pitches are against the wall or hnve only short free sections, it would be more confortable to use the elastic nkck cord and dispense with the chest harness. The two renaining junars I am going to designate as upper and lower. The foot tapes can be attached to your feet in whichever order you l~ref er. The lower jumar tape is made by tying a double overhand knot in each end of a piece of one inch webbing. One end is attached to a jumar and the other to a C-link. The tzpe should be 10% enough such that, when the C-link is clipped into one of your foot loops,


Speleo Spiel. Page 8. August,1973 the jumar is just comfortably within reach. Clip a krab without a screw-lock through the loop formed just below the jmmr. ~?Qe4 ~JIRR. The up2er jumar tape is made up as per diagram by tying a double overhand knot in the centre of a piece of tape and attaching it to the jlmar. Further loops are then forned for the waist krab and the lower junar krab. C-links are attached to the ends for connection to the foot loops. The lengths of the respective sections are extreaely inportant. Vhen the waist krah loop is cli2ped into one of the krabs on your sit harness, the jumar should be at arms length. Then the lower junar krab loop is clipped into the lower jumar krab, and a downv1ard.s force is exerted on C-links A and C, the two C-links should be parallel. When a downwards force is exerted on C-links B and C, the two C-links should be parallel. When C-links B and C are clipped into your foot loops, the upper junar should reach to just above the chest jumar. When making up the tapes remember that the knots will tighten up and the tapes will stretch slightly when a load is applied to them. 1. Inchwori-i System. vee -droKls only. Clip C-link B and the upper Jumar onto a spare krab as they are not used. Clip the waist krab onto your spare sit harness krab, the one not attached to your chset jmar. Clip the lower jurar krab loop onto the lower jumar krab and C-links A and C onto each of your foot loops. While one hand steadies you on the rope above your chest jmar, &and up on the lower jurnar. As your wei:;ht is taken by your chest jwnar, pull up the lower jmar with your lower hand and repeat the process. The main rope should be inside the lower jumar, within -the circle forned by your legs and the two foot tapes. 1' one arm gets tired change hands. 2. Lea fro~_S stem. or free rops only. The lower jmar is not used. Clip C-links -Fe+ B and C to each 03 your"foot loops and the jumar onto the rope above your chest jumar. Sit back on your chest jmar and push the upper jurnar up the rope with both Lands. Stand up on your feet, allowing the chest jumar to slide up, and +hen reL~eat the process. 3. pWalk-umtem. For 80-90 depree smooth walls. Clip C-link B to a spare krab and the waist krab loop onto your spare sit harness krab. Clip Clinks B and C to your foot loops and use a walk-up technique, stepping up onto each jumar in turn. This is a very fast technique if you can ,yet a rhythm gomg, and the lower jwnar runs proi3erly. inst the wall, except as above. The lower the waist krab loop onto your qare sit harness krab and C-link B onto a spare krab. Clip C-link C onto one


Speleo Spiel. .-.-Page 9. of your foot loops and the uppwr jmar onto the rope above your chest jw~ar. Sit back on the chest jumar and push the upper jwnar up the roye. &ither use two hands on the upper juiar if the wall is very steep, or use the hand on the opposite side to whichever foot is being used. The spare hand and foot are used to fend you off the wall. Stand up on your foot and then repeat the process. Chan,ying @.=e S. If the wxist krab loop is not attached to your syare sit harness krab, do so. Attach the upper jumar to the-new rope. Unclip C-links B and C and the lower jwnar krab as necessary. Prussik down the old rope using the lower jmar until all your weight is on the upper jurlar. Transfer your chest jumar and then the lower jumar to the new rope and prussik up slightly, so that the chest jmar is taking the -ivveight. Reset which ever system you are us in^ and keep (~oing. Passing Knots Upwards. Prussik ua until your chest jumar is just below the knot. Attach the waist krab ioop, if itvis not aiready so. Unclip C-links B and C and the lower jumar krab loop as necessary. Push the upper jmar as far up the rope above the knot as possible. Pull the lower jumar up. Rernove your chest jmar from the rope and stand up on the lower junar, at the same time pushing the upper jumar ui) the rope. Heulace the chest junar and carry on. passing Knots own wards. !Then several feet above the knot, attach the waist krab loop and clip the illper jumar onto the rope. Abseil down until your weight is taken by the junar and remove your abseiling device from the rope, Prussik down the rope using the lower jumr, until the upper jmar is just above the knot. Thread the abseiling device onto the ro;~e, imetiately below the knot. Stand ug on the lower jumar and clig the abseil device onto your sit harness, thereby taking your weight on the abseil device. Remove both ju~ars from the rope and continue abseiling. ChanRinF;eil to Prussik. Attach the waist krab loop and clip the up2er junar onto the rope. ubseil down until your wei~ht is taken by-thejmar and remove your abseiling device from the rope. sttach your chest jurnar and set U;) a prussiking system. At All Times. Never unscrew a sit harness krab i& it is being used to attach you to the rope. That's why two parallel kraba are used on the sit harness. daughter. Sincere best wishes also go to Delia Maloney and Mike Cole on their engagement. +++ The Aup,ust isme of nlValkaboutH has an excellent article in it about caves in New Guinea. Obtainable from most 1;ewsa:;ents for 60 cents.

The Tasmanian Caverneering Club was formed on 13 September
1946. Initially, information was provided to members through
a circular, copies of which exist back to November 1947.
"Speleo Spiel, Circular of the Tasmanian Caverneering
Club" was first published December 1960. Eight issues of this
are known, up to May 1962. In April 1964 a "Circular" was
again issued and seems to have continued, irregularly, until
March 1966. Then in April 1966, a "New Series" of Speleo
Spiel commenced, as a monthly newsletter.
In December 1996 The Tasmanian Caverneering Club
amalgamated with the Southern Caving Society and the
Tasmanian Cave and Karst Research Group to form the Southern
Tasmanian Caverneers. The combined group agreed to continue
to publish "Speleo Spiel" as its bi-monthly newsletter, as
continues today (2015).
Speleo Spiel is a vehicle for recording the cave and
karst-related activities, and particularly the achievements,
of the Southern Tasmanian Caverneers. It also carriers
technical and scientific reports, reprints, reviews and other
information likely to be of interest to members from time to