The TCMA Activities Newsletter is the official
publication of the Texas Cave Management Association,
a Conservancy of the National Speleological
Vol .5, No. 1 February, 1994
TCMA ACTIVITIES NEWSLETTER The TCMA Activities Newsletter is the official publication of the Texas Cave Management Association, a Conservancy of the National Speleological Society. Distribution is free to TCMA members. Current associate membership is $1 0 annually. Lifetime membership, in equal $25 installments, is $100. Send membership requests to the TCMA Treasurer, 504 Kimbrough, Fort Worth, TX 76108. Additional complimentary copies are distributed on a temporary basis at the discretion of the Editor and Publisher to cave owners, NSS members and internal organizations, and others involved in cave conservation projects. ADDRESS CHANGES: Please send address corrections or changes to the Editor, Jay Jorden, 1518 Devon Circle, Dallas, TX 75217-1205; phone (214) 398-9272. Publisher: Noble Stidham, P.O. Box 1094, Lubbock, TX 79408; phone (806) 763-8606. SUBMISSIONS: Articles and other Activities Newsletter correspondence should be sent to the Editor or Publisher. Copyright (c) 1993 Texas Cave Management Association except as noted. NSS internal organizations may reprint any item first appearing in the TCMA Activities Newsletter as long as permission is first obtained from the TCMA and a copy of the newsletter containing the material is mailed to the Editor.. OFFICERS Carl Ponebshek .......... Board Chairman ........... Mike Warton Executive Director ............... Carolyn Biegert Secretary Brace Anderson ............... Treasurer ................ Lee Jay Graves Director ................... Jay Jorden Director Ron Ralph .................... Director Mike Warton .................. Director NEXT MEETING The next meeting of TCMA will be held at Ft. Clark Springs in Brackttville, Tx. on Saturday February 13, 1994. (TSA and Convention planning also) COVER PHOTOS 1% in,, -A Two of Ft. Clark Springs permanent residents (with ESP) gaze northward across the karst to predict one of the largest attended NSS Conventions in the history of good times. On the back cover, TCMA Officers Bruce Anderson, Carolyn Biegert, Ron Ralph, Jay Jordan and Carl Ponebshek discuss TCMA business at Ft. Clark at the last NSS Convention work weekend. TABLE OF CONTENTS ................ Elections for Directors 1 .................. T.C.M.A. Minutes 1 ................ Report to the Directors 2 .... T. C.M. A. Policies Regarding Cave Gates 3 ... Caving, Cleanup at Marigold Cave Preserve 5 ............ Policy for Cave Conservation 6 ........... TCMA'S "SIDE PASSAGES" 6 Obi ............................. 7 T.C.M. A. December Statement .......... 8 T. C.M. A. Year End Financial Report ....... 9 FROM THE PUBLISHER This issue of the TCMA Activities Newsktter has been typeset on WP 5.1, also using Microsoft Word, and Core1 Draw. Output is to HP XII Laserjet Printer, thence, off to the copy shop. The cover is an inhouse PMT of the artists work. Readers are urged, nay emplored, to submit articles and B & W Photos for submission. Either may be sent to the Editor or the Publisher. TCMA Activities Newsletter belongs to the members. Provide information of interest to your fellow cavers. Your thoughts and your submissions are necessary for the growth of the newsletter and for providing timely news and dates. TCMA Members are the real publishers of the quality and content of future issues of this publication.
T.C.M. A. Newsletter Elections for Directors Upcoming Call for Nominations from StaffReports Nominations are being accepted for four directors' positions with Texas Cave Management Association. This year, according to Board Chairman Carl Ponebshek, Ron Ralph of Waco and Jay Jorden of Dallas are up for re-election. The TCMA must also elect a director to fill the vacancy created by Mike Walsh's resignation. Also, through the recently adopted by-laws revisions, one more director will be added to the board to make a total of seven. Therefore, TCMA is receiving nominations for a total of four directors, along with names for secretary and treasurer, which are now elected positions per the revised by-laws. The current secretary and treasurer, appointed by the board under the past by-laws, are Carolyn Biegert of Austin and Bruce Anderson of Fort Worth, respectively. Under the timetable approved at the Jan. 15, 1994 meeting of the TCMA board, nominations will be received until Feb. 14, with ballots then to be mailed out March 21. Ballots must be returned by April 18 and will counted by Saturday, April 30, when the results would be reported to the board's meeting during the spring convention of the Texas Cave Management Association, to be held again in Brackettville. Please send any nominations to Secretary Carolyn Biegert at TCMA, P.O. Box 202853, Austin, TX 78720-2853. Her telephone number is (512) 458-9606. Thanks in advance for your help. Members Present: Carl Ponebshek, Chairman; Jay Jorden; Ron Ralph Members Absent: Mike Warton, Executive Director; Lee Jay Graves Officers Present: Bruce Anderson, Treasurer; Carolyn Biegert, Secretary Call to order: 9: 10 a.m. Sunday, Nov. 14, 1993 Secretary's Report: Jay Jorden moved to accept the minutes of the Oct. 15, 1993 meeting as printed in the TCMA Activities Newsletter. Ron Ralph seconded. Minutes approved, unanimously. Ralph moved to accept the minutes of the Sept. 19, 1993 meeting as typed by the secretary. Jorden seconded. Minutes approved, unanimously. Treasurer's Report: Bruce Anderson reported a balance of $4,045.18 as of Sept. 30, 1993. A total of $3,334.18 of this balance is in the grant funds, leaving a balance in the general fund of $711.00. Jorden moved to accept the treasurer's report. Ralph seconded. Approved, unanimously. Bruce also reported that Bank of America statements and checks are still missing. These records are needed to complete financial statements for previous years. Two checks from that account were lost in the mail, in attempting to get Jack Ralph's signature. Direction: Need to get this account taken care of and closed. Old Business: (1) Bank of America account. Ralph will attempt to get Jack Ralph's signature so that necessary records may be obtained. If necessary, the secretary will write a letter authorizing the addition
T.C.M.A. Newsletter of two more signatories, Ron Ralph and Jorden, to that account. (2) Anderson wants to zero out the NSS Symposium Grant account and transfer remaining funds into the general fund account. The 1989 National Cave Management Symposium Proceedings have been printed and 250+ copies have been delivered to the NSS. Sixty-six copies went to the symposium in New Mexico. Ralph reported that Rune Burnett will be sending a letter to TCMA stating that the goal of the grant has been accomplished. TCMA will send a letter with a copy of Rune Burnett's letter to NSS to let it know how its grant funds were used. Board members and Bob Obele will get copies and the rest will be sold to Emily Davis Mobley or Bob and Bob. (3) Letterhead and stationery. Secretary will check with Mike Warton to see if he has ordered stationery and business cards. If not, Anderson suggests that TCMA have Noble Stidham obtain these items as well as reprint the membership flyer. Motion: Anderson moved that TCMA ask Stidham to print stationery and business cards for Mike. Second: Ralph. Vote: approved, unanimously. (4) Membership cards. Jorden reported that he had picked up inventory from Mike Walsh's. Included was a box of blank membership cards (about 250). He will turn these over to Carolyn or Bruce. Some TCMA inventory items were missing mainly videos. Jay will try to track these things. (5) Elections and by-laws referendum. Carl asked Carolyn to chair the elections committee. Elections will be held following the approval of by-laws amendments by the membership. Ballots for by-laws referendum will be mailed by Dec. 1, and ballots to be returned postmarked by Dec. 31, 1993. Election Committee will meet on Jan. 7, 1994 to count votes. Results will be announced at the Jan. 15 meeting of the board. A written report will be submitted by the Elections Committee at that meeting. Jorden will make out a ballot and announcement. Anderson will provide mailing labels for all eligible voting members. Following the results of the by-laws referendum, elections for new board members will be discussed. (6) Center for Non-profit Management Jay reported that the center needs copies of by-laws and minutes from board meetings over the last two years. Jay will receive their mailings. New Business: (1) Walter Feaster reported that Amazing Maze Cave was broken into. The hasp was broken off the gate, but no other damage was done. A work trip is scheduled for dec. 18-19. Walter also announced that a Southwest Region technical meeting will be held in Midland on Dec. 4, 1993. TCMA is on the agenda for 30 minutes in one of their sessions. He wants a speaker or a written report to present at this session. (2) Jorden reported that he has received two contacts for cave management. One was from California. Another was from a group in El Paso. He will send them some information and asked the Permian Basin members to work with the people in El Paso. (3) Bruce Anderson reported that several people have asked why most TCMA caves are gated. Carl reported that most of the caves we have acquired were through Mike Warton's contacts and were caves he had already gated. Bruce thinks that TCMA needs to issue a statement that it is not TCMA's policy that all caves TCMA manages must be gated. (4) TCMA needs to get an embossing corporate seal. Jay and Bruce will take care of this. Meeting adjourned at 10 a.m. Respectfully submitted, Carolyn Biegert, Secretary Report to the Directors For the Elections Committee by Carotyn Blegert Subject: TCMA By-laws Balloting Date: Jan. 15, 1994 A total of 44 ballots for the TCMA By-laws referendum were mailed or delivered by hand on Dec. 1, 1993. One was returned for insufficient address.
T.C.M.A. Ncwslettcr A total of 25 ballots were returned to the TCAM post office box within the allotted time, postmarked on or before Dec. 3 1, 1993. The Elections Committee -consisting of Carolyn Biegert, Gary Napper and Jim WolfT -met on Jan. 6, 1994 to open and count the returned ballots. The results were as follows: 20 yes votes and five no votes. This report is respectfully submitted by: Carolyn Biegert Committee Chair ToCoMoAe POLICIES REGARDING CAVE GATES by Mike Warfun Execuf/'ve Dir~for Recently, I have been informed that there is a question regarding T.C.M.A. and cave gates. More specifically, I understand the question to go something like this, "Why does the T.C.M.A. only get caves that are gated?", and, "Is the T.C.M.A. only interested in caves that have been gated?" Well ..., these questions are valid, and deserve valid explanations as I see them. In answer to these questions, let me ask a question, "What are T.C.M.A.'s Policies with cave gates?" The T.C.M.A. presently owns two (2) caves preserve sites which contain gated caves, and manages five (5) sites containing gated caves. First, I should state T.C.M.A.'s Policy regarding cave gates. This organi~ation does a gate caves. However, it may make recommendations for cave gating provided an evaluation of a prospective site shows cause and need and there is ii reconinicndation from it's Advisory Board. All cavcs that T.C.M.A. currently owns or manages had cave gates installed &r to the acquisitions of propeaty or management contracts. Additionally, T.C.M.A. is not bound by any kind of conformity to own or manage only cave sites that have been gated. The T.C.M.A. can and should prudently pursue management contracts or acquisitions of property anywhere within the State that is of it's interest, regardless of whether or not a cave gate is present. The T.C.M.A would rather not have cave gates present at any of the sites it has (or will have) unless justifiable cause has been shown that gates are necessary in order to adequately protect and or manage a site. With this statement from someone who has been directly involved with all of the sites T.C.M.A. currently has, lets follow up a brief look at the conditions of the sites we currently own or manage: 1. WHIRLPOOL CAVE was the first site of involvement for T.C.M.A. This site is located within a high density population area and within an environmentally sensitive section of Williamson Creek. These factors accompanied by many problems associated with unauthorized entries and on-site illegal trash dumping were factors considered prior to the decision of cave gating. Water quality issues were of great concern as well. Even with the cave gated, the site has experienced breaching of the gates and abuse of the surface areas. Would you have wanted to manage this site with out any controls? I think not. We have had Whirlpool long enough to know it's history during management, and everyone, including general cavers agree with the need of these controls. 2. 0-9 WELL was the second site. As a concerned caver, I managed this site from 1976 to 1987 at which time I shifted it to T.C.M.A. I designed, built, and installed my first cave gate for this site at the request of the owners in exchange only for a continued right of access. The owners' original concerns were of liability with largely unauthorized visits by cavers and non-cavers, and of fall-prevention for livestock. Only with a cave gate present were the owners willing to enter an agreement for management with T.C.M.A.
T.C.M.A. Newsletter 3. AMAZING MAZE CAVE was the third site. We discovered this cave in 1979, and found that others had found it before, entering through exposed holes in the road cut during the construction of Interstate 10. Original explorers were non-cavers who left behind much trash and abuse to what was then the front sections of the cave. Today's single gated entrance was totally unknown at that time. I contacted the owners with concerns about the cave. They were more interested in gaining a cave. gate than site management, as the lessees of the property had already experienced numerous episodes of trespassing, trashing of the site, and fence cutting. I became interested in conducting a survey of the cave and contacted the owners for permission. They were willing to grant permission if I could help them acquire a cave gate for protection of the cave. This worked out well, as at that time they were willing to pay for a gate. Even though this site is considered to be remote to most of us, it's close proximity to 1-10 has resulted in continued site disturbances and a recent breaching of the gate by vandals using extreme measures. Gate repairs were minimal. The success of surveying the States third longest cave, as well as restoration projects in the cave, have been largely attributed to the presence of a protective cave gate to control the type of personnel permitted to enter the cave. After the owners inspected the gate, they entered into a management agreement with T.C.M.A. 4. LOST OASIS CAVE was the fourth site. This site had been subject to an environmental study per regulatory reporting of Endangered Species and Point Recharge Issues, a study with which I was not directly connected. This study resulted in a recommendation to the owners that the cave become gated. The owners contacted my firm demanding a cave gate. About a year later, a real estate agent contacted me wanting to know if the T.C.M.A. would be interested in acquiring the cave via donation. I promptly answered this request, and the rest is history. 5. MARIGOLD, PEBBLEBROOK, AND FOREST TRAIL CAVE PRESERVES was the fifth and last site of T.C.M.A. involvement. Like WHIRLPOOL and LOST OASIS CAVES, these caves are located in an area of high density population, and crisis zone of studies per Endangered Species and Point Recharge Issues. Prior to a management contract with T.C.M.A., these sites were studied by my firm. The presence of Endangered Invertebrate Species Habitat as well as Point Recharge significance were confirmed in these studies. The caves became gated by my firm under State and Federal requirement of site protection. After this activity was completed, the owners of this site contacted me regarding sites management. Under Federal Law, recreational usage of an Endangered Species Habitat Site is prohibited. Due to several scientific factors, and an understanding of confidence, the cave remains open to research and work related trips only. As the sites manager, I have provided opportunities for caver participation with research related trips, and continue to do so. Hopefully with these explanations and understandings of conditions, all Texas cavers may better understand the context in which the T.C.M.A. functions amidst a coincidental association with the presence of cave gates. It is the intention of T.C.M.A. to provide management capabilities for caves within the State of Texas, gated or ungated, where effectiveness is perceived. In conclusion of this article, those of you who know me (and there are many) know foremost that ; am a fair and honest individual who maintains strong interests and involvements in many aspect of cave related research and subject matter. I am a founding board member of the T.C.M.A., a successful environmental contractor of Karst research and services, and further, I employ cavers. In no way are my involvements with T.C.M.A. self-serving to my environmental firm. One of many services that my firm offers is the design, manufacturing, and installation of high quality cave gates. My background with cave gates well predates the formation of T.C.M.A. (N.S.S. Cave Gating Handbook, 1978-1981). The point I want to make is that as well as I know gates, I am not always in favor of their use. I regard them as a last resort effort in site control and protection.
T.C.M.A. Newsletter Caving, Cleanup at Marigold Cave Preserve: Texas Cave Management Associa tion by Jay Jorden The Marigold Cave Preserve in Cedar Park, a suburb of Austin, was the site last month of a Texas Cave Management Association project. Over the past year, the TMCA -a conservancy of the National Speleological Society -has acquired a second property in the Austin, Texas area Lost Oasis Cave and has redoubled efforts at other sites it owns and manages. Despite an arson-caused blaze that damaged part of the Whirlpool Cave Preserve and a management shakeup, TCMA has been making progress. A number of Central Texas members participated in the Whirlpool summer cleanup after the fire. Another work project was scheduled Dec. 4-5 at the Marigold Preserve, one of five sites managed by TCMA. I drove down to Austin Saturday to meet Mike Warton, the TCMA's executive director, and Carolyn Biegert, the secretary. Mike had assembled an awesome collection of equipment picks, shovels, wheelbarrow, generator and other tools for the project. He uses most of it in his cave inventorying business around the Austin area. Also on site was a recently acquired table, made of heavy metal, that can serve as a work station or a place for cavers to stow gear. Soon after we began work, Lee Jay Graves -another TCMA director -showed up with a landscaper to review tree planting needs. We did a walk-through of the property, with the landscaper discussing the merits of cedar oaks and other trees. A preliminary estimate of the number of trees required along the compound fence and what it likely would cost was received. Lee Jay said he would keep in contact with the landscaper and action could be taken when the time got nearer to tree planting time in the spring. As temperatures warmed up during the day, blue jeans and long-sleeved shirts gave way to shorts and T-shirts for some. Most of the subsequent work at the property involved removing old asphalt and concrete dumps on the property, using picks and shovels. We also removed rocks from around the cave entrance and cleared weeds around the perimeter of the large compound. The cave, at the bottom of a shallow sink, features a Wartondesigned gate with a small mammal entrance nearby. A short ladder leads to the bottom of the small sink, where multiple passages lead off one going deeper to the site of a perennially flowing stream. Warton said the cave is hydrogeologically unique in this part of Central Texas in that respect. Warton is an independent environmental contractor in Austin. The Marigold sink was dug out by hand after its existence as a surface depression was discovered. In the excavation, a number of large rocks had been removed. But many of these still were close to the cave entrance and needed to be taken further away. This consumed some time up until a lunch break, which was taken back at the metal table. We also succeeded in breaking up a large chunk of concrete that had been poured around a small cedar tree near the cave entrance when the surrounding houses in the subdivision were being constructed. The tree was also saved! Following the afternoon of work, Mike offered the opportunity to descend one of the cave's twin pits. So as the sun was setting, Carolyn and I donned our caving gear and climbed down the ladder, then squeezed through into Marigold's historic section. Walking passage in Cedar Park: who'd have thought it existed! After traversing through a medium-size room and ducking under some formations, we descended to the area where the pits were located. In the interest of time, Carolyn and I chose the friendlier of the two drops -the second, called the Blue Moon, requires a caver to lie on hislher back and clip into the rope, then squeeze over the edge -and got ready to rappel. This drop was roomy -big enough for two people to rappel side by side. At the bottom, its mud and rock
T.C.M.A. Newsletter floor sloped downward to a pool and a that we understood led back toward which was not accessible from this end. constriction the stream, Photos were taken before Carolyn began ascending first. We agreed that it was a fine pit and hoped to be able to return with wetsuits to visit the new section of the cave. As executive director, Warton and Carl Ponebshek, board chairman, head up the nonprofit, 501(c)3 corporation, which also publishes a newsletter, The TCMA Activities Newsletter. The Board of Governors of the National Speleological Society approved the following policy statement on November 6, 1993: POLICY FOR CAVE CONSERVATION National Speleological Society 2 8 13 Cave Avenue Huntiville, AL 35810-4431 Tel. (205) 852-1300 The National Speleological Society believes that caves have unique scientific, recreational and scenic values; that these values are endangered by both carelessness and intentional vandalism; that these values, once gone, cannot be recovered; and that the responsibility for protecting caves must be assumed by those who study and enjoy them. Accordingly, the intention of the Society is to work for the preservation of caves with a realistic policy supported by effective programs for the encouragement of self-discipline among avers; education and research concerning the causes and prevention of cave damage; and special projects, including cooperation with other groups similarly dedicated to the conservation of natural areas. Specifically, all contents of a cave (formations, life and loose deposits) are significant for its enjoyment and interpretation. Therefore, caving parties should leave a cave as they find it. They should provide means for the removal of waste; limit marking to a few small and removable signs as needed for surveys; and, especially, exercise extreme care not to accidentally break or soil formations, disturb life forms, or unnecessarily increase the number of disfiguring paths through an area. Scientific collection is professional, selective and minimal. The collecting of mineral or biological material for display purposes, including previously broken or dead specimens, is never justified, as it encourages others to collect and destroys the interest of a cave. The Society encourages projects such as: establishing cave preserves, placing entrance gates where appropriate, opposing the sale of speleotherns, supporting effective protective measures, cleaning and restoring over-used caves, cooperating with private cave owners by providing knowledge about their caves and assisting them in protecting their caves and property from damage during cave visits, and encouraging show cave owners to make use of their opportunity to aid the public in understanding caves and the importance of their conservation. When there is reason to believe that publication of cave locations will lead to vandalism before adequate protection can be established, the Society will oppose publication. It is the duty of every Society member to take personal responsibility for spreading a consciousness of cave conservation to each potential user of caves. Only by doing this can the beauty and value of caves long remain with us. CARLSBAD, N.M. Overall attendance at Carlsbad Caverns National Park decreased by about one-half of one percent because of three bomb threats last year. A park service official says 687,161 visitors were counted at the park in 1993. That compares with 688,742 the previous year, said Bob Crisman, a caverns spokesman.
T.C.M.A. Ncwslcttcr Carlsbad Caverns remained the most popular attraction, he said. A total of 550,421 people visited the best known of the park's 81 caves, compared to 549,073 in 1992, said Crisman. Without the three threats, attendance at the park would have been higher, according to the National Park Service. Crisman said the incidents in July, November and December were all hoaxes. No one was injured. TAHLEQUAH, Okla. -Cavers have helped give some bats at Northeastern State University a new lease on life. The Tulsa Grotto rescued 300 bats from the tower attic at the university's Seminary Hall. A remodeling project beginning in January forced relocation of the bats. They were taken to Missouri caves to establish colonies. A Northeastern employee who explores caves as a hobby had heard about the renovation and began to find a way to protect the bats. Cavers wore pigskin gloves as they caught the sleeping bats by hand, put them in cages and readied them for their journey. Removing the bats was tricky because they had squeezed into crevices in the mapped length of Lechuguilla at 69.2 miles, up from 65.3 miles last August. Last year, much of the exploration moved closer to the park boundary and a new federal cave protection zone. Congress in 1993 created the zone to protect Lechuguilla from oil and gas drilling. The cave, at 1,593 feet deep, is the record holder among U.S. caves. Park spokesman Bob Crisman said the cave remains the eighth longest in the world and fourth lengthiest in the United States. Last year, six mapping expeditions by the Lechuguilla Exploration and attic, said Bill Howard, grotto president. "A month ago, they were more in the open but they are getting ready for hibernation now," he said. "They don't want to come out. They're getting an attitude problem." CARLSBAD, N.M. Expeditions into Lechuguilla have extended the deepest U.S. cave almost four miles longer than reported earlier. A statement from Carlsbad Caverns National Park this month puts the Research Network and five others netted some 10 miles of new passages and rooms. Key finds for 1993, the park said, included Neverland, Needle Park Maze and the Blanca Navida Room, which is 300 feet long, 50 feet wide and 50 feet high. Park Superintendent Frank Deckert said that in the Blanca Navida Room, rock formations are growing in pools. Deckert said other extensions were found in Lechuguilla's North Rift, Western Borehole and Far East. Our Condolences from Bruce Anderson It saddens me to inform you that I have been told that Mr. Bill Beal passed away on June 16, 1993. Bcal of Paris, Texas was a long-time TCMA member No. 61 R) and an old-timer in the Texas caving community. He will be missed.
T.C.M.A. Newsletter TEXAS CAVE MANAGEMENT ASSOCIATION, INC. FINANCIAL STATEMENT December 1993 Plus deposits: 12/10/93 Plus interest: 1213 1/93 Beginning balance: $3,879.16 Total deposits: 25.33 Total to be accounted for: $3,904.49 Expenditures: None Ending balance: $3,904.49 Bank Balances: Bank of America 12/31/93 $ 264.78 Central Bank & Trust 1213 1/93 3.639.71 Total Bank Balances 3,904.49 Grant Balances: RASS Bat Grant Wrey Trust Buttercup Landscape Buttercup Monitoring Total Grant Funds: 2,418.87 Balance of funds in general account: 1,485.62 Respectfully submitted by J. Bruce Anderson
T.C.M.A. Newsletter TEXAS CAVE MANAGEMENT ASSOCIATION, INC. FINANCIAL STATEMENT January 1 thru December 31,1993 Beginning balance: Plus deposits: Buttercup Landscape contract $1,000.00 Buttercup Maintenance contract 1,272.00 Contribution (GRIP$) 3.00 Dues 660.00 Fundraising 945.53 Interest .97 Total demsits: Total to be accounted for: Less expenditures: Bank Fees $177.61 Buttercup Landscape subcontract 500.00 Buttercup Maintenance subcontract 396.00 Fundraising Material 360.75 Insurance 450.00 Lost Oasis 183.91 Marigold Locks 65.60 Office Supplies 73.31 Photos 24.84 P.O. Box 26.50 Postage 149.91 Professional Fees 100.00 Taxes (Lost Oasis) 114.80 Whirlpool Expenses 117.13 Xerox Expense 163.42 Total exnenses: Ending balance: $3,904.49 I Grant balances: RASS Bat Grant 750.00 Wrey Trust 92.87 Buttercup Landscape 500.00 Buttercup Monitoring 876.00 Total Grant Funds: 2,418.87 Balance of funds in general account: 1,485.62 Respectfully submitted by J. Bruce Anderson