The Texas Caver

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The Texas Caver
Series Title:
The Texas Caver
Texas Speleological Association
Texas Speleological Association
Publication Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
Regional Speleology ( local )
Technical Speleology ( local )
serial ( sobekcm )
United States


General Note:
Contents: Letter to the Editor -- Marriage in Cave -- Editorial -- Texas Region Officers -- Ft. Stanton Cave -- Region Convention -- Longhorn Caverns Project -- Magnificent Mayfield -- Caver of the Month: Mills Tandy -- Caver of the Month: Bill Gibson -- Longhorn -- Histoplasmosis -- Emergency Rescue Team -- Region Treasurer -- Carabiners -- Rabies Death -- Open Air Caving -- Stewpot Saga.
Open Access - Permission by Publisher
Original Version:
Vol. 4, no. 1 (1959)
General Note:
See Extended description for more information.

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University of South Florida Library
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University of South Florida
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All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
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K26-04428 ( USFLDC DOI )
k26.4428 ( USFLDC Handle )
10587 ( karstportal - original NodeID )
0040-4233 ( ISSN )

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TEXAS CAVING GROUPS: Abilene Gr'otto: Bart Crisman, 162.5 Orange, A bHene, Texas Alamo Grotto: C T. Orth, .537 Senisa, San Antonio, Texas Balcones Grotto: R. T. Scott, 1703 Schieffer, Austin, 'l'exas Corpus Christi Grotto: R. V. Ivtoney, Rt.4, Box 13.5D, Cor pus Christi, Tex. Dallas Grott.o: Don Widener, 9.524 Dixie Lane D nlla. s 28, 'fuxas Kerrville Speleo. Soc.: wayne Engleman, 212 Travis St. Kerrville, Tex. Ozona Soc.: Tommy Fields, Box 2.54, Ozona, Texas St. : :ary's Un.i.v. Speleo. Soc.: Maurice Fox, .53.5 W lUng s If.t.ry., San Ant. Univ. J f l:'exas Grotto: Charles Whiteman, Box 7672, UT Austin 'lEXAS llliGlON OFJ?ICERS Chairman Vice-Chairman Secretary- Treasurer j) Regional Director to the NSS ,, TABLE OF CONTENTS Lette r to t h e Editor ........... 3 Marriage in Cave ................ Editorial .... co.; Texas Region Officers ............. F't. Sta11 tor:. Ca\r G ......... Hegio n .. o Longhorn C averns Project ..... t!lagnificent Jiia;yfielcl .... Caver of the i ionth 3 4 4 .5 6 7 8 D on Widener DG James Manning l.Iills Tandy OSS Dave Kyser U'ISS Lrarvin Koepke AG EDI TOi'ITilL S 'l' i cFF : Charles Whitman, Dave Kyser Roger Sorrells, Arthur S : i m ; :son Jamie Spence Dudley :'to bert s. THE 'lEXA S CA VEil is an offjcial publication of the 1'exas negj on of the National Speleological SocietJ, and is p u blished bi-monthly in Austi n Hills Tandy ......... 8 Texas. ANY TO ill PUBLISHCaver of the Ivionth ED I N THE 'IEXA S CAVER should Bill Cibs o n ............. 8 be typed, double space, and Longhorn ........ 8 mailed to the edit ore of THE Histoplasmosis ... 13 'IEXAS CAVEl{, Box 7672, UT Sta Emergency itescue i'eam 14 tion, Austin, Texas. Finished Regi on 'lreasurer ... 14 p r i .nts may be S'..l brnitted for Cara Jiners .... 1.5 publication, cannot be reRabies Death .. l 6 turned. Subscription rate is Open Ai r Caving o o o 17 per postpaid any StewtJOt Sa a .. 17 where in t he U .S.A, AdvertisClassified Advertising .. .,17 ine; rates furnished on r Gquest. A dvertising ......... 0 ol9 Pa::;c 2


LETTER. T O THE EDITOR Dear S ir: Cheers to the noble scribes of the CAVER. WonderfuL 1Jilho is Jimmie Walker? He 1 s out of this worldo Colorado has the scenery-but Texas has the cavesJ So far9 Reb and I h aven j t been cavi n g but have met the local group knoY m as the North ern Colorado Grotto. They 1re very active5 cav e-wise3 as they make a bout three trjps a month, ':Jut3 are all but w"1known as far as writ j n g goeso There are over seventy knovm caves in the s tate with the larger cmd more impressive ones j n or near the mount;:;inso One difficulty here is the altitude = S panish Ca1..e 3 in the southern end of the 1 lies .:d ; 129)00 feet-above descends to a depth of 800 feet,9 wit h 3 4 = 38 degree temperatures and two w aterfalls = any'oody interested? Also there 1 s a 200 foot climb throug h falling water = via c able Still interested? Then c ome and get it 9 w e 1ve alway s eot a hot cup ipa coffe e and a place to bunk f or any or all our frlenclc i n the Our nlac e is H j ust four miles s n d t w o lovV =V<;at e:r" b r idges'1 on H w y ;?.85 Vlest o f Denvero A s k at a n y filling station jn i .. 1orr:lson.9 ano aBk 11Docn h0w far Bfour miles and b'ro b r ,idgesn is, W b a t ldn to Sc1perma n is the m arl who :.:Jro:Joses t o r appel 2000 9 ths n p:ruc:;si r J a c k up the 2000 feet':' 'IVre=fifth o f a mile is a h,:;a p ct' .r: 'J p{::., r s u p here cc;n:3jde r 100 feet o f prusEd c w(j'.:'k all ths.t 2 f;hou:J.d Ly; i\;.c safety rt:l-3. sons ( D.t 1 2 9000 faet) tLa 20 0 0 foot cave b een f'our:d yet? ( May I a dvise that the one who m akes this rappe l 'Bat. a big b o ,:-r1 of :1S l i m1s Perpetual Stew11 before the descento) SPELUNiill F.S 'I'AIsociate d Press wire release" Knox9 No Yo Candlelir;ht fli.,;kering ove:r the limestone walls of a cave 15'5' feet below ground provided the backdrop for the wedding o f a young couple from New York ci tyo R o bert J Richter 9 26 9 and Linne Sven= whose hobby is exnloring caves 9 w ere married in Knox Cav e in the Helderberg w est of Albanyo Miss Svensson wore the tional white bridal gown and veilj but many of the 160 guests turned up in steel hats equipped with miner's lamps. Richter is director of the New York State Cav e Survey3 which he say i s recordj_ng all the caves in the state. 'Ihe survey is a joint venture of the National Speleological Society and the New York State Museum. Page 3


POOR RICHARD 1S PLIGHT THE 'IEXAS CAVER is back in operation we hope. After suffering financial and scholastic we have gathered a new new ideas3 and no money but lots of hope. We_ have tried to pick up the news with the 1958 Texas Region Conventio n and continue from theree We are starting publication with the Jan. Feb Q 1 959 issue. Every subscriber due any or all of the three issues which did not get published in the fall will receive a corresponding subscription extension. This month we welcome back Bill Helmer, one of the founders of THE TEXAS CAVER3 with his interpretation of the lighter side of caving His cover cartoons will be a regular feature. Another addition has been made advertising. This new section is intended to b e a "shopper' s guide11 The Austin merchants who participated are those the members of UT.5S frequent. It is hoped that this section can be expanded to include at least one merchant in each town where there is a chartered grotto3 as well as some of the well "coffee stops"" The saying, IIThis is a non-profit organization. It wasn1t planned that way3 it just happenedo 11 fits the CAVER's plight to a 11tee11 'Ihe cost af multilithing twenty pages of magazine is in excess of $1.50 per page per issue. However, we feel that the improvement in quality which resu1t.s from this process is worthwhile, and to return to the "Ditto" process would be a step backwarde The subscription blank enclosed in this issue of THE TEXAS CAVER is for your convenience. If your sub scription has not yet expired, $2.00 will ext. e nd it Yor one year past the present expiration date., Remember, the CAVER is a Region publication, an d requjres your sup port to make it a success. If you have any news, interesting trips or experiences3 short suggestions, or comments, please submit them to us. Every consideration vrill be give n to publishing any written or art work which is submitted. Note the nevv address of the TEXAS REGION NEW OFFICERS THE 'IEXAS CAVER Box 7672 UT Station Aust in, Texas Texas Region officers were elected at the Board of Governors ing at the Region Convention j n Ozona They are g Page 4 Chairman Don Widener Vice-Chairman Secretary Treasurer Representative James Manning Mills Tandy Dave Kyser to the NSS Board of Marvi n Koepke Governors Dallas Dickenson 09ona Austin San Antonio meet-


ANOTHER "BIG ONE" by Royce Ballinger Trips into Lincoln County, New Mexico this summer have proven worth whileo The most interestjng cav e visited was Fort Stanton Cave. This cave meant little to s pelunkers until recently, but it has a longer recorded history than Carlsbad Cavernse Since 18629 it has been entered by the U. S. Cavalry9 and but most frequently b y local adventUrerso Early explorers told of huge subterranean chambers with beautifully decorated grottoes9 and passages which contained great lakes where eyeless fish were to be foundo Rumors of the caye spreado Army engineers investigated this place of wonders. . r.eport after mapping some two miles of cave9 contained the disappointing information that the glowing mysteries had dwindled into a very commonplace limestone caveo No crystal chambers or eyeless fish were to be found9 only muddy stream and bare limestone passage. This disc ouraged few explorers9 and more recent groups tell of passages with formations covering the floor like white grass. They report a lake on which an Indian canoe was found.. timers in the area say that the lake is steadily receding.. bers first visited the cav e in April3 l958e On this trip three and onehalf miles were manped and explored by Dick Smith of Odessao For the most part the ca v e was found to be very unattractive9 but one portion visited v ras named 11Snowflake Pass age" because of the gypsum cr_ystals on the floor!' and in a crawlway named "Crystal Crawl" selenite needles were observedo There are indications that the needles at one time covered the entire floor9 thus explaining the 1'white grass11.. Some of these needles are eight inches in lengtho Due to heavy traffic the needles are very s carce9 appearing only in the cracks along the sides of the crawL This trip le.ft thirteen leads uncheckedo Another trip9 in July3 19589 was made speciflcaiiy ror out nall" thirteen previously unchecked leadso As a starting place we picked 11Hell 1 s Hole", which i s a murderous crawlway some 300 yards l o ng a nd l ocated a bout 29000 feet from the entrance<> An exploring party consisting of Charles Carrara and Jim Thompson9 of Haswell, Bill Fritz9 of and myself9 armed with three or f our days of lighting9 water9a little food which we ate before entering "HelPs Hole119 first aid kit, camera gear9 Bill's rock axe9 and little sleep 1 ; headed for destinations unknown. Fifty yards out of trHell 1 s Hole 119 after climbing a hu g e mountain of b r eakdown9 we _stopped for a breather and a chate T his was the farthest place previously exploredo At this time I had a very dim view of Fort Stanton Cave9 because I don1t think much of crawling; and sec ond, be cause the ceiling that was now o yerhead was made of a very saturated limestone or of well nacked mudo I t looked as thoug h it would collapse See ANOTHER B IG ONE" Page 16 Pa g e ;


19.58 'IEXAS REGION CONVENTION During the Labor Day weekend, August 30 September 1, 19.581 approximately sixty spelunkers and speleologists from various parts of. the country gathered in Ozona, Texas, for the Third Annual Convention of the Texas Region of the National Speleological Society. Although most of the people were from Texas, there were some visitors from Alabama, Tennessee, and New Mexico presento Roy Davis, Editor of the NSS NEWS1 and Barbara Munson, Treasurer of the NSS, drove all the way from Chattanooga, Tennessee, just for the conventiono The J. C. McClungs, who now live in Alabama but are formerly from Texas, stopped in on their way home from an expedition in New Mexico. George W. Moore, Vice President for Administration of the 1'58 came from Carlsbad, New Mexico, where he is now doing work for the U. s. Geological Survey. Registration began at 8g00 AM, August 30, in the Ozona High School Auditorium. The convention was called to order by Texas Region Chair man Harvey Jackson. Mr. Houston Smith, longtime resident of Ozona, was first on the program. He gave an interesting talk on the history of caves and caving in this area and also of this subject in general. Then came Royce Ballinger's very interesting account of the history and ex ploration of 110-9 Water WelJ:. 11 Jamie Spence of the UT Grotto followed with a talk on Speleo-diving. He described the techniques of modern skin divers in caves and told of the UT Grotto's underwater explorations in the 11Devil1s Sinkhole11 near Rocksprings, Texas. Next was a very impressive shaw of slides on cave conservation which had been compiled by the Conservation Committee of the Texas Region, composed principally of members from the Abilene Grotto. The highlight of the morning session was a talk by Dr. 0. s. Babcock of Sonora, Texas, concerning cave insects. Dr. Babcock described several species of harmful insects found in some Texas caves. He also described several of the caves he had studied in the area. The afternoon session beg a n with David Kyser's report on Longhorn Caverns hear Burnet, Texas. He g ave full reports on the two major expeditions made there in the past two years by the Texas Region. This was follmfed by a very interesting talk on fossil bones by Holmes Semken of UT Grotto. Holmes described and showed pictures of several recent major finds in Texas. He also presented the correct method of ing bones, a job which should not be unQ.ertaken by amateurs. Next was a stimulating panel discussion on pitr'climbing techniques by Harvey Jackson, Corpus Christi, Texas; Bill Russell, Bryan, Texas; and James Quinlan, Blacksburg, Virginia. Advanta ges and disadvantages of rapell ing3 rigging3 and cable ladders were discussed. Don widener of Dallas then reported the progress of the Texas Cave Survey. The Survey has been overwhelmingly accepted and Don is certainly to be commended for doing an excellent job on it. After his report,Don presented the award of CAVE MAN OF THE YEAR to our region's Chairman, Harvey Jackson. The See CONVENTION Page 18 Pag e 6


LONGHORN CAVERNS ,PROJECT by Harvey Jackson After two years of effort by a large majority of the cavers of the TI3xas Regiony the Longhorn Project has been completed with an impressive 7000 feet of cave surveyed and mapped beyond the commercial sectiono The project consumed two years after becoming a region project 9 and be fore that.ll spelunkers from the University of Thxas had worked on it for one year under the gUidance of Dro Rush of the Geology Departm:mto All in all9 the Region should be very proud of its achievements here. Longhorn was the first project of its sort in the Thxas Regiono It showed thc. t the Region is capable of mounting and maintaining a large and experienced group which9 although made up of cavers from the various grottos of the Region9 can operate efficiently. I believe that the ability to cooperate shown on this project and the experience in pooling the equipment of the various grottos will be of great value to the Region in the futureo Many people had a great deal to do with the success of the projecto Outstanding ampng them wereg Dave Kyser9 in addition to being the assistant leader in undertook the job of heading the survey pat' ties and coordinating their efforts when Don Widener was unable to Slim Spurling9 who took charge of feeding the 40 members of the 3 day 1958 effort judging from the nchow hounds" who returned for seconds did an excellent job,9 Mills Tandy9 who seemed to be everywhere as he tried to record the cavers at work and the many beauties of the cavern.s and but not_. least by any means9 Mr., the manager o:f the commercial cave.ll whos in spite of the necessity of handling the large 4th of July crowd of tourists D did everything in his power to make otn" work successful. His help and cooperation made our work enjoyable and rremorableo Longhorn presented some unusual conditions to survey parties, nat the least of which was the n off 911 whic h consisted of a 2t foot high passage half full of water.. All personnel and equipment had to go through this water hazard9 and9 while we could and did protect the survey instruments (usually)9the surveyparties started their long9 slow crawl back to the work areas wet 9 cold9 and burdened by the wet clatb= ing which9 after going through "Gravel and "Hog acquired and even larger burden of mud which stuck tenaciously to everything., Longhorn will remain famous9 or infamous, because of such things as "Catfish Laken (Carol Ann 1 s Bath Tub) .ll "Hog Heaven" (Pig Alley) 9 and "Gravel (Blood Alley)o Fond (??) memories will linger with the fortunate ones who were lucky enough to see the "Dam Room" and traverse 11Salamander(less) Trail., 11 Or perhaps 9 if you missed "Vliggley and its interesting bypaths on the lower leveL Dave Kyser swears that when he goes to sleep he sees a map of Longhorn which shows it extending across the river, across the county line9 and on9 and on9 and on9 and Onooooooooooooooooooood Page 7


MAGNIFICENT MAYFIELD The amazing purity of the calcite in Mayfield gives the photographer unlimited opportunities. James Quinlan uses sidelighting to emphasize the translucence of the formations in the photo at the top of page 8o In the lower left, Mills Tandy uses backlighting to show this same quality. The famous circular helectite is the subject of Mills 1 photo in the lower right-hand corner. M ILLS TANDY, Ozona Grotto Caver of the Month Born in Ozona, Texas on September 22, 1942, Mills has lived in Ozona during past 17 years. He is now a senior in Ozona High School and plans to study either geology or zoology in college .. Mills is a charter member of the Ozona Grotto. He was elected Chairman of the Grotto in 1957 and again in 1958o Elected secretary of the Texas Region for 1958, he was voted to the office again.. for 1959 ... As Convention Chairman in 1958, he was largely responsible for the suc cess of the Labor Day event. Mills I principle speleo-taLnJ.t lies in his cave photography, which appears frequently in THE 'lEXAS CAVER. He is very interested in cave life and is currently malting a study of cave millipedes.. Mills has studied Mayfield C ave r ather extensively and has written an interesting paper on this cave and its history. BILL GIBSON, Ozona Grotto Caver of the Month Born on January 23, 19429 in McCamey, Texas, Bill moved to Ozona in 1946 and is nmv a junior in Ozona High School. Bill plans to attend San Angelo College after graduation. Bill is a charter member of the Ozona Grotto. He was elected Treas urer of the Grotto in 1957 and again in 1958. Bill has a general inter es 0 ln caving; techniques, camping, logistics, and rigging. Bill is also _head of the Spelunkers Society. He is extraordinarily interested in female spelunkers in the area of the planet Earth .. LONGHORN The 1958 Texas Region Convention officially completed the Longhorn Mapping Project. Under the direction of Harvey 11Doc11 Jackson, 7000 feet of the non-commercial portion of the cave were explored and mapped. The picture s of Ronald Carnes (top) and Harvey Jackson on page 11 were taken by Mills Tandy in the commercial part of the cave. Page 8


LA 'ill NEWS OF SPKCTAL IN 'JERES Y TO. THE 'illXAS RE GTON Ed. Note: The following informati on was obtained after this was almost comrleted. Rather than delay t his issue, we Will run these. short notices and follow with more c omplete stories in future issues. IITSTOPL.Li.SM OSIS REPOR'illD IN CENTRAL TEXAS by Jamie Spence Four cases of histoplasmosis have been reported in association wit.It a cave near 'fumple, 'fuxas. The cave, reportedly seven miles no-rt!hwest of 'fumple, was visited in December.-by four men. Six days later all i'o.ur were hospitalized two in critical condition and two in serious tion. Hospitals in 'fumple diagnosed the disease as of the men are still hospitalized, and all four have received manent disability grants from the Veterans Administration. TTistoplasmosis is a fung us disease which often resembles tuberculoboth in symptoms and in X -ray pictures. The fungus is not confined to caves, but in Mexico, where the disease is relatively common, almost every reported case has been associate d with bat guanoo The fungus apparently thrives in warm, humid caves and is transferred to the unfortunate spelunker's lungs by guano dust. Due to the serious nature of histoplasmosis, caves in this area s i 10uld b e avoided until the infected cave c an be located. KEN BAI\ER TO BE CHAIRMAN O F 1960 N. S. S. CONVENTION James (Ken) Baker has been appointed Chairman of the 1960 Con.:. vention of the National Speleological to be held at New Mexico. Ken, a former member of the U. T. Grotto, is now working as a Park Ranger at Carlsbad Caverns National Park. He is nationally for his studies of cave vertebrates a nd is credited with the discovery of a new species of blind cave Eurycea troglodytes. Though the 1959 Convention is still i n the future, now is the time to get behind Ken and help him make the 1960 Convention the best ever_{ -N. S. S. MAY DISCONTINUE MONTHLY M A ILINGS TO GROTTOES Item 4 on the agenda for the NSS Board of Governors meeting to be held April 3rd is a proposal to discontinue the monthly mailing of the change of address list, minutes and agen d a of meetings, etc. We feel that failure to distribute the agenda in advance would deprive Grottoes and individuals of their opportunity to express their views on issueE affecting them before action is taken by the Board. H e urge all NSS members to let the Board members know how you feel before April 3rde Page 13


:ALL GROTTOES AND REGION MEMBERS The Texas Region Eroorgency Rescue Teams and all their members seem to have vanished., The question, "Who has a Rescue Team6 who ara the members,. and how do I con tact them?", is of vi tal importance in the event of a caving accident o The current addresses3 and phone numbers of all Eo Ro To card holders is needed by the Coordinator to bring his records up to date. Any Grotto or group which has a Rescue Team in operation is asked to send the Region Coordinator a list of the members of their teamo Any Grotto or group whi c h would like to start a Rescue Team in the Region is invited to contact the Region Coordinator for the details and ments necessary for forming a Rescue Teamo We are in hopes that rosters of all Rescue Teams will be available for the next publication of THE 'lEXAS CAVER so that all cavers in the Region will have a list of Rescue Teams in the event of a caving acci dent and so that the skills and equipment of the Rescue service may be available to all cavers. For more information or to volunteer your services, contact the "Rescue Team Coordinator9H$"Marvin KoepkBs4ll Lovera,San Antonio 12, Texas . REGION TREASURErR FALLS Wedding bells have sounded for two members of the UTG. Sue Edring.;. ton and David Kyser9 Texas Region were married in Austin9 February 21, 1959. Another UTG pair, Reba Cox and Charlie Morrill were married ary 1959 o They are presently living in El Paso9 Texaso THE 'IEXAS CAVER wishes both couples the best of Page 14 I .0


A DISCUSSION ON CARABINERS by James F. Quinlan Jr. I would like to c omment on Jay Maxwell's article.9 S'IEEL vs ALUMINUM It points out that there are but two advantages of the conventional stee l oval carabiner. These are: l. 'Ihe preferred "feel of steel." 2. The relative cost (actually, $0.89 as c o mpared to $2.35). Similarly. the article ati-varrt.ages .of the duraluminum oval carabiner. The more significant of these advantages are: 1. Carab iners made of aluminum weigh a pproximately one-half as much as c omparable ones m ade of steel. 2 Aluminum carabiners do not rust. 3. 'Ihe greater radius of the aluminum carab iner'.s stock lessens the sharpness of the bend that a ropemakes as it goes around the carabjner, and thus the internal stresses on the rope at the bend are less severe. 4. The gate-action of Bedayn aluminum carab jners is smoother than that of steel c arabiners. I don t think that an y one would seriously dispute the truth of the a b ove statementso But are all of t hem really advantages? I think not., 'Ihe smoother gate-action --more accurately termed weaker gate-action -of the is actually a d a mnin g disadvantage. Whe n such a carabiner is used with a load of varying intensity, as often it is, the gate can all too readily o pen accidentally,and the load is lost. 'Ihis I once saw happen with a friend's c a m era pac k tha t fell 125 feet to a (fortunately) sandy ledge in Schoolhouse Cave, West virgjnia In fairness and honesty I must adffiit that I know of a similar incident involving a steel carabinere The former accident and the latter near-accident ha v e prompted the Virginia Polytechnic Institute to require that only safety carabiner i.e .9 those with a thumb-screw gate lock, be allowed for use with prussic knots. I personally believe that the "smooth" gate of a Bedayn aluminum carabiner w ill tend to open far more often and more readily than the stiff gate of a steel carab jner. 'Ihe idea l resolution of this controversy would be a n aluminum safety carabiner, but, to my knowledge no such carabiner is c o mmerci ally available. I might add that safety carabiners and other very reasonably priced mountaineering equipment are available from Recreational Equipment,Inc .9 523 Pike Street, Seattl e 1, Washington, 'Ihree different sizes are in stock, w ith prices ranging f r o m $ 1 .50 to $1.999 plus oostage. (No, I don 1t own stock in the co mpany. ) A s for the tendency of a steel carabiner to But at what rate? Certainly not rapidly enough to affect t he ultimate strength of the c arabiner more than a fracti on of o ne percent during a single cave trip. A nd in both types of carabiners the gate-action is determined b y a steel spring. 'Ihe s p r i n g will tend to rust w h ether the carabiner is made of steel or aluminum. Page 15


ANOTHER 11'BIG Olf11 CONTINUED with the slighest jar3 but I had no intentions of finding out. A few feet farther on we found a hole which had previously escaped our notice. From its brink there appeared to be shear drop of forty We hadn't brought any rope and it would take a g ood two hours to fetch oneo The next best thing was a human chain. Jim Thompson, being the lightest and most willing, was lowered into the abyss. He reported that the first ten feet were verticalJ but from there it was possible to to a perch on some breakdown and9 with some manuverings to jump, fly, or spelunk to the bottom. We stripped of all except essential equipment and followed Jim. The passage continued downward into the heart of the limestone deposit. We encountered a honey-comb of crawlways9 and following what we thought to be the main one9 were soon in a passage which was large enough to drive a truck througho It was unmarked and obviously virgino The passage continued to enlarge until it was about fifty feet wide and sixty to seventy feet h igho Huge 11canyons }1 branched off" only two or three of which we had time to check out., Speleothems were sensational in all shades of brown7 and white.. The most worthy of mention were the 11velvetn flowstone and Ulily pad" stalagmites. The 11velvet11 flowstone gave the appearance of a velvet carpet over most of the cave1s floor. In the dim glow of our carbide lamps it glistened The 11lily pad" stalagmites are most peculiar. Where these are found:J the floor is mud and from a distance it looks as though they are floating on the surface of water on lilypads which curl up at the Much to our despair 3 we had to leave this underground On the entire trip we stopped very little1 and it took us ten' hours to cover the territory we In our attempts to completely explore the caves we failedo We only partially explored one of the thirteen leads and added a good more to be checkEd. we do not feel that our effort was wasted. RABIES CAUSED BY BAT FATAL TO WOMAN Edo The following article appeared in a local newspaper and is an Associated Press wire release. The ration 1 s first clearly estal:rlished case of rabies infection from a bat1s bite was reported yesterday by the California State Health Dept. Mrs. Flora Menzelaar, of Magalia Butte County community9 died Nov. 4 at Pasadena3 California. Dro Malcolm H Merrill3 state director9 said laboratory tests c on clusj_vely proved death was caused by rabies. Mrs Menzelaar vvas bitten August 30 when she picked the bat up from t he ground in her yard. Page 16


OPEN TOP CAVERN NEVv MEXICO by Bart Crisman If there are any readers of this publication who think they might enjoy cavi n g j but are troubled by either a fear of darkness, or claus trophobia, take heart! There is a cave made just for youJ This interesting and unusual little cave was discovered by the Abilene Grotto on a trip into the Guadalupe Mountains. While hiking up one of the many rugged canyons, we noticed that the sides of the stream bed were actually the walls of a cave. Flowstone covered these walls in many places; and remains of other cavern formations could be observed in the stream bottom. Through the centuries the stream in its erosion nrocess had cut the top off the little cave, thus creating a rare 11open top cavern" J The advantages of this type cave are of course obvious Chief among these is the fact that the cave is lighted by sunlight. Think of the tremendous saving s to the Speleo-photographer on flashbulbs, not to mention the flashlight batteries and carbide. And, not to be overlooked is the feature of getting a nice sun-tan while you cave. No other cave can make that offerJ STEWPOT SAGA b y Slim Spurling Dedicated to THE 'IEXAS C AVER, its editors9 editor's assistants, critics, kibitzers, and the v arious gremlins that plague them. First, I offer m y humble thanks to the hardy cavers at the Longh orn Project for their woodcuttj n g stewstirring, 1tater peeling, and generous encouragement. Second, I promis e it111 never ha ppen a gain. 'Ihird, to any would-be cook, I offer this -begin gathering the raw materials (such as meat, milk, money, onions, carrots, 1taters, celery, several cases of canned goods, and all the sleep you can get) several months in advance of the proposed trip. Beg, borrow, steal, or otherwise obtain the largest cast-iron wash pot you can find, then l0cate a half-dozen large pots of various kinds, hire a 1tater peeler (Joann8 is a good one), and let the gods of the kitchen quide you. It1s easy All you gotta do is throw 25 lbs. of meat, a peck each of carrots, celery, and tomatoes into-the pot, add water, and chop (or have chopped) enou g h wood to keep the cauldron bubbling perpetually. GOOD COOKINGJ CLASSIFIED ADVERTISE11EN 1S Hav e you anything to buy, sell, or trade? Use THE 'IEXAS CAVER to reach your market. Low rates,only 4 cents per word for a classified ad. Send to the TEXAS CAVER, Box 7672, UT Austin, Texas Page 17


CONVENTION CONTINUED award was made in appreciatj on of Ha-fvey1 s extraordinary devotion to the region with the Longhorn Project, Emergency Rescue Team, and many other projects. The region is very sorry to be }osing Harvey, who has moved to St. Louis, MissourL Next was a talk on Cass Cave by George W. Moore with slj_des by Huntly Ingalls, a northeastern cavero The talk was very jnteresi:,:ing and the slides were beautifuL One of the most spectacular pictures was of a 140 foot waterfall in the cavea 'l\Yenty flashbulbs were used for the shot., Holmes Semken then presented an excellent paper by Dro l N o I L Halliday of Seattlej which described the structure and velopment of several types of cave formations.. The afternoon session ended with Harvey Jackson's report on the safety proGTam in Texas. Saturday evening was devoted entirely to pictureso Approximately 100 persons attendedo .James Quinlan showed his slides of several c aves in Texas and New MexicoJl including some in the immediate areao After the slides came the movies of French caving,. The first was 11Padirac n J a partially commercialized cave in southern France o The fHm too k H.s viewers on a commercial tour through the cave and then showed some o f the explorations in the back parts of the cave o The second film ; ;.?r:; about Pierre Sto Martin. a 1200 foot sinkhole in the Pyrenees" It shon-ed very well the rigging that the s pelunkers used to enter the cave a n d the many obstacles that they met and It ended vii th the remov-.. al of Marcel Louben 1 s body after he had fallen 9 0 feet to his de _,,_-c,;1 within the cave a 'Ihe third film V!as e rr C i tled nsondetlTS de 1 Abimes. i! It. showed very well the t echniques of lc;dder cli m ing and was a very b e .:otntiful filrno Sunday afternoon the Board of Governors of the Texas Hesion met i n the Ozona High School Library. Regular business w 2 s transacted and the new officers were elected for l959o The highlight of the convention carne at the Sunda.y eveni ng d j nner banquet, held at the El Sombrero Cafe., C,eor;;,e .:r. Moore was the guest. speaker and gave an excellent talk on 11The Importance of Earth Tides and Bacteria to Speleologyo u : Many questions tha 'c. are often asked -but ally left unanswered = a bout the origin and development of caverns were ansvvered in his talk. He pointed out that the daily earth tide at Ozona is nearly two feet and that bacteria are capable of li-vjng on inorganic matter and producing the acids which play an im portant part in the formation of caveso Monday morning was devoted to the conventjo n field trip to Abyss Sinkhole north of Ozonao About twenty r;eople were lowered into the 100 foot sink with the efficient rigging set up there 1.vhile many less adventuresome people stayed on top and watched the operationc By four o'clock.., most of the caverG were headed for home7 though a few were still crawling and climbing around in the various caves of the area. A good time was had by all_. an(, the members of the Texas Hegion wish to thank the people of Ozona for being excellent hostsc Page 18


r VISit THE I I TEXACO I PIK-NIK I SERVICE STATION RESTAURANT I 1 9TH : QUICK SERVICE ALWAYS A GOOD PLACE TO IAT 3023 GUADALUPE OPEN 6;00AM--.. ---SEE ACADEMY MECHANLC ON DUTY I ---. ..__ I Contrary to the polj cies of m ost publjc;:-otjons, THE CA. does ; recommend its advertisers to 1 J o t h : Austjn residents a n d tourist s I Help fill this space with a n ?d. 1 from a merchant i n your tovm. I For additional c opies of t h i s publicatjon, write to THE 'm.>:J'I.S CAilE!1, Pox 7672, U T S t a., Austi n Lex. i YOU'LL FIND SPELUNKERS AT I SUPER SURPLUS; I FRITZ'S FOR ALL CAVING a CAMPING SUPPLIES HOUSE OF A MILLION ITEMS 321 CONGRESS I I I CAFE FtNE Fooo AT REASONABLE PRICES 1109 MANOR ROAD


THE T E . \:..:; CAVER Box 7672 UT Station Austin, Texas Forwarding and return postage guaranteed A Publication of the Texas Re _!)on of the National S pe1eolo>:;ical Society DELIVER TO:

Contents: Letter to
the Editor --
Marriage in Cave --
Editorial --
Texas Region Officers --
Ft. Stanton Cave --
Region Convention --
Longhorn Caverns Project --
Magnificent Mayfield --
Caver of the Month: Mills Tandy --
Caver of the Month: Bill Gibson --
Longhorn --
Histoplasmosis --
Emergency Rescue Team --
Region Treasurer --
Carabiners --
Rabies Death --
Open Air Caving --
Stewpot Saga.