The Texas Caver

The Texas Caver

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The Texas Caver
Series Title:
The Texas Caver
Texas Speleological Association
Texas Speleological Association
Publication Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
Regional Speleology ( local )
Technical Speleology ( local )
serial ( sobekcm )
United States


General Note:
Contents: Report from the Uvalde convention -- Number one hit song of Texas cavers -- Houston cavers find deep cave -- "Head of a Horse" / Russell H. Gurnee - Caver index in December issue -- News of the Grottos -- Notice to Grotto News reporters -- Lest we forget -- Abstracts from convention talks -- Exchange newsletters available to grottoes.
Open Access - Permission by Publisher
Original Version:
Vol. 6, no. 11 (1961)
General Note:
See Extended description for more information.

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University of South Florida Library
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University of South Florida
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K26-04446 ( USFLDC DOI )
k26.4446 ( USFLDC Handle )
10605 ( karstportal - original NodeID )
0040-4233 ( ISSN )

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1961 News of' fhe. Uvalde Convention' 121 Deep' Cave 122 texas region National Speleological Society


REP O R T FHC. ; TiE tJ'lAl..;l!; COl,V::,;; n O li Jru: ,:BER 011e: !!I'r J C .. ; Ct' '1'::-/ JiS C A'l...:::s ilOU S'i.'C;;; /1.:J D,;::;" "!-CAD O.l" h. ; [::' b y ;(usse 11 : i Gurnee CAV!::l: I., I S JU:.; UlJ. / S ',,;,. ': .... 1\ ... ....,::) UarICi'j r e G l J' v : 'l, .,:; ,;:; G S T 121 122 122 123 123 124 125 ABS T.:." C ',:'':; l!tO . C J. N'::: i 'rrOil TALfuS AVAI l",J L':: '1' 0 G i\O'ITUS;j ADV'.:;;tTI5l:.j'..:., ;TS IN::riR T (Rep rint from The '::lectric Tine.., O F SONO HA) 125 126 127 128 Ins. Yippee! ''''hat a wonderful time : e had. in the ci ty of Uvalne a n d on the r a n c h ,';\ t the convention! All throup;l1 the tHo-lAN -:.. -----Bud Frank ------James Estes PUBLICATIONS: THE TEXAS CAVER (Address Above) THE TEXAS SPELEOLOOICAL SURVEY Box 7672 U. T. Station Austin 12, Texas PRINTED BY R R REPRODUCTION 1026 NORTH 4111 ABILENE, TEXAS


THE TEXAS CAVER 121 BEJIS 711 IJ}/J}LDE he Texas Speleological AssociaI tion (formerly The Texas Region) I convent 5 on got off to a good i .", ," start at 6:30 a.lll. morn1'11'",-. ... ; ... ,II, ing, N overaber 4th id th the Board of Governor's meeting. Eighteen persons turned out for the brenkfast, nine ",'ere official members of the Board, the others were visitors and families. l \ lembers I'Tho Here present loTere Dudley Roberts, Vice James Estes, Secretary-Treasurer, and Bartel Morgan, Bud George Gray, Er\,lin Wesp, I1errill Doyle, Royce Ballinger, and Harry Miles, the latter representing the independent cavers of the state not connected 'ITi th a grotto of National Speleological Society. After some discussion and after some amendments and changes 'toTere made in t he new constitution, the Board voted the neloJ' constitution be presented before the general meeting for approval. The complete constitution T!Till be printed in the TEXAS CAVER in the nea r .future,and except for the name change and a fe,! others, the constitution remains essentially the s ame as it appeared in the CAVER October issue. After the breakfast meeting, the convent;. on got off to a start "Ti th the g ene r a l business meeting reports were given and neT,T officers for 1962 t\Tere presented. They were: Dudley Roberts, C hairman, Bud Frank, Vice-Chairman, and J a m e s Estes was reelected Secretary-Treasurer. Before the convention proper had gotten started, numerous people \oJ'ere busy cetting displays set up, posters and maps and c artoons set up around the Central P m 'ler and Light Company auditorium. Dis p lr-:. ys shOtm Nere thos e on Conservation; a on batterie s and flashlight bulbs; ca'Ting gear including diving equipment; a display on speleologica l literature; display of door prizes, Region publications, a paleontological d ispla y of fossilized bones from Freisenhahn Cave. loir. Grady Hahaffey, a director of the Edlrards Underground Water District, '\>Tas the first on the program of several interestine; talks and slide shm'Ts during the morning. l-ir. Hahaffey explained the goals and l lOrk of the Em-ill a nd then sho';T ed SOIT.e photographs of some of the caves used in the aret=!. as recharge Ivells for the grea t Edl,!a.rds Under ground ,,'ra tel' reservoir. After a brief coffee break furnished by the Central PQtoJ'er and Light Co. Hr. James K. (Ken) Baker of Carlsbad, N. eave a slide ShOH and tal}: on the Fos silizati. on of Bats in C arlsbad C".verns, a very interesting revelation on bat remains after they had Gotten trapped in isolatea portions of the c a V 8rns. A brief but interesting ::;-roup of statistics about TeX 'l S c aves was given by Ruben N. (Bud) Frank of Austin, explaining that the number of caves in the state n01'! nu mber 856 (exclusive of all rumored c aves and unexplored ones) caves. A most enlightening discussion on flashlight batteries and bulbs l'ras given by Willi.s.m Cronem-Tett .of Austin \,lho explained the properties of certain batteries and bulbs, their lightlife and decline from peak intensities, and 1oJ'hich makes for best use in C[lve exploring. The afternoon session continued 'toTi th a t alk on Dom e Pits by Glenn Herrill of Austin and formerly of Ohio and Kentucky. A brief discussion Iras had after the talk on h01oJ' dome pits '-Tere formed. Niss Sa.ndra Foster, employed by the Balcones Research Center in Austin, gave a lecture on Paleontology and brought out the important facts concerning paleontological T/Tork in the state of Texas, its finds, 9 nd their i mportance. Ken Baker continued the program "Tith another slide of much interest about the Nesting Habits of Cave S,rallmTs and shmTed pictures from nesting places in Texas, I'lexico aud Central America.


122 The well kn01m slide series by the A bilene Grotto on Cave Conservation ,.,as s h0 1 m next a nd listed six basic rules of c a ve conservation and shoTITed examples of 'IThat n o t to do and also photos of cave scenes 'IThere vandals had destroyed natu r e's patient Hork The last t alk of the was give n by Ruben fil. FrarL'<: on Carbon Dioxide and c.m plus othe r slides by othe r c avers. Field trips T ere planned to tlVO C R ve8 in the aren Tl!O groups 1'lent to Cre e k Cave on the Nason R anch. It i s t he s t ate's longest in surveyed lenzth : 1 nd c !wers \\Tere expected to be under gr01 md most of the day. The othe r cave i s li.a nbie' s C ave a fe., miles north of the con v ent; o n city of Uvald e a nd !as visited by [l, s:ll[ llle r group of c a v ers. Al thOUG h attendance w a s G.0'.':rl f rom '''ha t ha d b e e n anticipated, t here i 'ras a g o o d representa t i on from all sections of t h e s tate. Bes i des t he bro states re pre ;;e n t e d C:1v e r s attende i from Austin, .> ile n e 5!ln Angelo, Brack etteville, San Ant onio, Gcor g e tO'.:rl, Houston, N e,-T B r aun f e l s Pasadena, E;ldora d o and C nrls b a d F o r a b stracts of SOQ e of t he lectllre s a n d of the convention, see the secti on els8 Hhere in the Somel,'here ov e r t he gllano, TIa ts do fly. &,t s fly ov e r t he guano, Why then oh "rhy cEln' t I? THE TEXAS CAVER HOUSTON CAVERS FIND DEEP CAVE Our group visited ",hat we call Deep Cave again this month (September) and t o o k pictures of the Helictite and Colwl m Reo ms. Vie had intended to enlarge a bottleneck shaft three or four hundred feet belm., a n d see 1 J hs. t sort of t hing it dr0l j S into, but decided against it because o f lack o f time, tools, and manpOI-rer. This is a very dangerous and COffi plica ted cave, a dOlmi.,ard-descending series of slopes, shafts, and connectin g rooms. The top part of the cave is hot and m u ddy, ,-rith vl8.ter dril:?ing from small sodastraH st81actites. The first hundred fee t d01r.a one be Gins to encounter cooler air and dry footing. Bats flutter and dip noisele s sly overhead, coming from an as yet unexplored section of the cave. Roof and floor are joined by many thick, dry colwnns, lri th just enough room to betl ','een, and farthe r do-;m there is an interesting growth of ice-like helicti te flags, arr01',heads, and other bizarre forms. Still deeper, the c ave is a chaos of gigantic boulders, ledges, barren chambers, tubes, tight squeezes and sudde n openings. So far as is kn01-:Il, only one person has ever been in the cave before us. He is a r anchhand ,-rho craided t J u-ou g h the "snakey" entrance and l",alked SOQe yards dOl m the front t alus slope. vii th only a poor flashlight to guid e his l'lay, he be came nervous and soon came out. When l-re told him later that a sheer drop of sixty feet lay about 250 fee t below vThere he stood, he seem e d glad allover again that he left 'tThen he did. We hope to return soon to this cave and see if ,-re c a n go deeper than our estimated four hundred feet (one of the party insists it's five hundred feet) and get to the bottom of things This is one of Tex as' deepest! --P. filcNi chae 1 Houston Caving Safety is a g ood buy, you can afford to use plenty of it--and it costs you nothing--not even your life.


THE TEXAS CAVER CAVE rORMATIONS Cave formati. ons have inspired the i magination of man since ancient times. The earliest cave artists used t h e contour of the rocks to outline a nd give dimension to the bison and horses in the caves of southern France. Early relig::'ous cere LOilies held in caves used stone altars and drapery canopie s as decorations and idols. E v en t he commercial cave guide of today \'Till point out"Nartha Washington's Statue" a "Strip of bacon" or the Head of a horse" in the studied lighting of the cave. Since the eye of the forms the association, his bac1r..ground vlill determine the nam e of the co wparison to outside subjects. Thin stalactites are called "soda strmrs" in this country. They are Imovm as spaghetti in Italy. A tall, thin st

124 A B I LEN E: George Gray, Jacque Gray, Ric'de Lopez, Ger!'Jld Roberts, his girlfriend Annette, and Jim Estes all attended the big convention in UV2. 1de November 4, 5, 1961. Only by listending to the words of those who attended can you get an accurate de8cription of what an enjoyable time each of thelli had. Gerald, Annette and Jim enjoyed 8everal hours of Good caving in bie' s 1:!i th tI-ro boys fror.l San Ange lo, Jack Smith and John Vinson. Al the cave ,.,as not a decorated one, !JolI.e of the flop.tstone, or enigr.atite, \-Tas found and and several photographs ;ere made. None of the grouij had been in the c n ve before. A trip to "Y" Cave is planned for the 19th and those 'ITho can !r,ake it 'tTill be looking for a nice muddy time. Some more checking out in cave may be import ant. Say ,rho \'1ere the h!o from Abilene "'ho have turned cafe singers? Heeular FSS Party \"i11 be he ld in the Scouthut Friday niGht, November 17th at 7:30 p.m. Also a brief meeting Nill be held. Grotto Address: Bart CriSli;an 658 North Willis Abilene, Texas A L A ; 0: N. D. Doyle and Er\dn Wesp Rttended the convention at Uvalde and did thoroughly enjoy the "Thole affair from the DO'1rd of Governor's breakfast in hotel to the last fare''le11 from the Fred. !lason rnnchhouse. Another Al::.rnoer, {ljike Nartin ez ann his ",ife met SOille of the gang from the other Grottoes after the barbeque out at the Nason ranch. Grotto Address: h. D. Doyle 249 W. Sunset San Antonio, Tex. Edi tor's Note: You 1.,i11 foreive me for ',rri tine; such sc:,nty and incomplete Grotto neNS this fhe CAVER needs to set out early this month and. I could not ''lait for the 1Il.'lil. Just a feH iterrlS that ,.,ere alreao., Y kno'm of. See 125 also. THE TEXAS CAVER D ALL A S :E 0 R T W _0 R -.:LE. : Ne1"s from the Dallas-Fort Worth Grotto is a little scanty this month. Host cavers are ver'J busy i'li th school i.;rork plus jobs all day. None of the group 1-rere able to attend the convention at Uvalde, but the group did get a representation at the Board of Governor's meeting by making the editor of the CAVER, Jim Estes, as their proxy. It is hoped that in the future many will be able to attend the dOings of the Nei.;r Texas Speleological Associa tion. Grotto Address: Katherine Goodbar 6621 Sunnyland Lane Dallas 14, Texas U N I V E R SIT Y 0 F T E X AS: Grotto representation at the convention at Uvalde was very good. Some of those attending were Dudley and Carol Ann Roberts, Bud Frank, Bill Cronenwett, Tom White, James Reddell, Hills Tandy, Sandra Foster, I'largaret Cridd1ebaugh, Bob and Alice Benfer, Bartel Norgan, and Glenn and r'Tartha 1 11errill, &C1ara NcC1ure. James Reddell has just recently gotten out of the hospital 1-rhere he has been recovering from relapsing fever contacted in a C2. ve from a tick bite. The editor of the Texas Speleological Survey, Jim has consequently been unable to get the Uvalde County issue out on time. It is expected to be out in a days. Grotto Address: University of Texas Grotto P. O. Box 7672 u. T. Station Austin 12, Texas I N D E PEN DEN T S: Mrs. Ches ter (Rosa Dee) Clements of Pasadena says that sometime in the near future she expects an N.S.S. Grotto in the Houston area. Independents attending the convention were: Kyle !11cCain-Nei'l Braunfels, cavers from Georgetown, a group from


THE TEXAS CAVER San Angelo headed by Royce Ballinger, Harry tililes from Alpine, Jack Smith and John Vinson and father from San Angelo, Hrs. Buster and three friends from (visitors), Tom I'leRdo r and 1-:rs. T. C. l ';e ador of Eldorado, ::me. visitors Fred Lason and daUGhter from Uvalde 9 U. 'i. lJrotto life mer.;oer, Ken Baker, and "'ife from Carlsbad, .Ne"T also attended. IMPORTANT NOTICE TO GROTTO NEWS REPORTERS: As you have noted, especially re cen+:ly, the TEXAS CAVER has been coming out a fe"T days earlier each ffionth. This has been attempted for several reasons. First of all, it is hoped t!l.a t t?le Decerr, ber issue might be out on Tuesd':y the 5th and beginning in J anuary the could start coming out nearer the beginning of each month of issue instea d of the middle or latter part. Second, by having a de adline nearer the beginning of each month, it Hill afford the reporters to get their grotto ne'ITS in ,-Thile it is still ne,-TS and not ancient history.. grottoes have their meetings during the latter part of the month and their nei':S can be l\Ti tten up and sent in immedif:tely aftervlards along l\ri th their monthly nevlS of tri;::;s and expeditions. Beginning, then, the latter part of this month, November, if ne,'TS reporters 1'Tould see that the nev;s of their grottoes got into the mail immediately after their meetings, it vlould speed things up again so that the CAVER could COllie out on time an d a t the firs t 'tleek of eac!l. month. It prohably be to do too since ne','m VTould be fresh and easy to rem e[;iber. j : y sincere thanks and best wishes. --ed. A wmm ABOU'r THE NOVENEER A N D DECEl':jBER ------.::.:..:...,;:;.:..::;= CAVER ISSUES Included in this issue is several i te;" s of length; the article on Caverns of Sonora, reprinted from the Electric Times, on the c onvention, a feT,; abstracts of t1.1ks Given at Uva l de, and the article Jolritten by Russell Gurnee. Of neces-125 si ty the Dece mber issue "Till not have a variety of articles because of the inclusion of the index. LES'l' I-JE FOHGET .. a cave r has visited a cave of rare and excepti on : -.l be2.u ty and 'I"i tnessed the ,wnder :md r.agnificence of underground Ii;e.sterpieces of nature. On t:le otherhand, c avers have stood on the of undergroillld chasms and gazed in '''onder and the size of room and pits, the darkness and wonder that lay beyond. Too--many spelunkers and seekers of illlderground adventure cannot help but be fascinated by the sights and scenery on their ,my to the cnves--the cedarstudded hills, the s\I"iftly running strearGs, sunrises, sunsets, billm1ing cumulus clouds Hi th a touch of pin',,:, a nd unuswl l and beautiful flora and fauna of the hillsides in the spring. What '.1e are really trying to get at is this: We seem to take the above for granted--that just because vre are human, ,'le have a built-in right to breath the air, enjoy natures majesty, and visit c aves. We did not ask to be put here on this earth, but vle have been given tha t privilege and many other privileges and blessings by the Creator. Lest forget, let us pause during this Tham(sgiving season to extend our thaill:s to God for His grace and uncountable blessincs. AVAILAl3LE TO GlWrTOES The CAVER recolllmends tha t each grotto in the state aHd other caving groui1 s ShOll the slid e series, Cave Con serwltj,on. It m:-tl-::e s quite a n imIlD.ct on everyone as to the im portance of this subject. For inforllJation on obtaining this s eries, contact Bart Crisman, 658 North \O/illis st., Abilene, Texas. EVEltY FiEf-illER CAVER IN TEXAS)NEEDS TO SUl3SCHIBE TO Tl lli TEXAS CAVER-$3.00 yr.


126 THE TEXAS CAVER CO/l/IIENTIO/v -ABSTRACTS OF TALKS (Note) As most everyone who gave a talk or lecture at the Uvalde Convenhon has promised to send in an abstract of their talk to the CAVER ',Te will begin in t"'-is i s sue to publish them. Each was interesting in its o',m pa rticu l a r Wly, and lVe hope they Hill be of interest and value to each mec.ber) THE EDWARDS WATZR DISTRICT by Mr. Grady tTi th one or more caves. There are 856 caves in the state (Nov. 4, 1961). COUNTY NO. CAVES CAVES/SgM Arms trong 4 .004 227 Bandera 13 .027 59 Bell" 13 .012 83 Bexar 62 .049 20 Blanco 6 .008 120 Brewster 18 .003 345 Burnet 20 .020 50 Childress 7 .010 100 Comal 29 .051 10 Cottle 4 .004 225 Croc kett 16 .005 174 Culberson 10 .005 202 Denton 1 .001 942 Ed"Tards 40 .019 52 El Paso 2 .002 526 Fisher 1 .001 906 Gillespie 17 .016 62 Hardeman 6 .009 114 Hays 29 .043 23 Hudspeth 1 .000 45331 Irion 3 .002 358 Jeff Davis 6 .002 376 Dendall 75 .112 8H


.... I, ) ," . I I


ABOVE FfJrrl ll' d by Natur(; a s a m onument to b eauty i s tli i s r;dlllluus Butll'dly S o d elicate and tra n slucent i s tlii s lIn i qll l' f o rlll

, .' :\caL e x !:. ic:ct H elic tites and coralloids abound in the Cav s o l av i s h are the formations that cavern exp erts 'unbelievable ." Here i n contras t the h elictites : le majesty o f a winte r sce ne, while the coral '. a t ropic island atmo sphe re. \\'t:. e t o rope around "The PH" and on the other sick found a small opening ... Through this ope. o ne could see one of Nature' s most fantastic piC'L : h andiwork . an active cave completely C O\' with calcite formations bathe d with all the col. . t h e spectrum. F 1 955 to 1960 when the Caverns were opened to Li.bli c spelunkers from the Abilene, Dallas and .i n Grottos continued to explore the "Secret Ca\'ld surveys were made of 3% miles of the ca\"l T wo Abilene WTU ers, Jame s Estes of the Tre,\ Department, and George Gray of the Per-son!. l e p artment and members of the Abilene G l'fJ" l a de several visits bef.ore the cave was opel,} 1960 Sli County has long been known for its large c aW. c e p and goat ranches, but since July, 1960 h Oll. .s h a ve traveled Highway U. S. 290 to visit this, .cr g round wonderland. Expevts in speleo hem. :\\'e formations) state that the formation of the c" rn bega n 60 milLion years ago and is still taklll I l a ce The r st com m ercial development began in 1960 Whell .j ill', Papadakis of Wisconsin, geologist and spelu!. r. c ontracted with Stanley Mayfield to open the c ,. t o t h e pu blic. Joining him in the operations was .Jilek Bu rch Oklahoma ranchman and spelunker, o ner)! 'li e deve lo pers of the cavern. H e was in terested Ili IJu\'jng a n interest in a commercia l cave, and \':SI.U1 l:\'e ry cave of any importance in the Unite d He d e cided o n the Mayfield Cave in Sutton County ... to him it was the most beautiful cave in America. After mont h s of hard and tedious work. .. building walkways bridges, chiseling and blastin g out passages .... the cave was opened to t h e public on July 16, 1960. Eve r y effort was made to preserve the original beauty of Nature' s h andiwork, and at the same time construct broad smooth trails and walkways in which there would be not m o r e than a 2070 ascent or descent during the tour. Stairways were c onstructed for passage from o n e level to another. Over 20,000 people went through the Caverns of Sonora during its first four months of operati o n. In January, 1961, Stanley Mayfield formed a corporation of nine Sonora citizens who purchased the Papadakis interest in the cave. An additional 1 ,700 feet of the cavern was devel ope d early t his year and has been added to the original public tour of 3 ,400 feet. The tour now goes through the beautiful Diamond Room Passage and Diamond R oo m which has been closed to the public. It gets its name from the fact that somewh ere in all that g litter ing display is a real four-carat diamond lost by Mr. Mayfield while h elping with the improvements. H e was u si n g an air jack hammer to break away some of the formations, and the stone was jarred from his ring. A search was made but it was never found . the floor of the Diamond R oo m out-sparkled the diamond. Words are inadequate to describ e its natural beauty .... you must see i t to b elieve it. The Caverns of S onora are located only a few minutes drive from Sonora, just seven miles off U S. 290 . and t hE: road is paved all the way. A guided tour starts every 30 minutes ever y day of t h e year from 8 a. m. to 6 p m. The 1 8x24 o p ening h as been cut away, and in its place is a broa d stairway that take s you to th e fi rst level. At first it l ooks similar to any "moth e r cave," but as you walk o n t h e smooth paths in coo l 70 d e gree temperature its beauty begins to unfold. The farther yo u go the m o r e the splendor of a "Symph o n y of Color" ca tc h e s your eyes. Here deep in s ubterranean wonderland, Nature has sculptured fa ntastic translucent and phosphoresce n t formati o n s in colors that range over the entire spectrum. A s the guide turns on the li ghts a head of the tour a whole world of color suddenly co m es into v i e w ahead of the tour. You will see glittering crystal-like stalagmites, stalactites and h elictites from pure white through shades of gray, faint green s and blues pale rose, bright orange and deep browns. S o profu se are these spectacular formations that portion s of the cavern's walls, ceiling and fl oors are comple t e l y a dorned. One spelunker who h elped explore t h e Caverns of S o n ora said that it is what you call a complex cave. As many as five level s are stacked o n e above the other, and several may run parall e l at t h e sa m e level. In places, t h e vari o u s l e v e l s have j o in e d making large r ooms and pi ts. Stalagmites and stalactites, normal in man y caves, grow h e r e in great profusion and with exceptional clarity. Helectites


A large red arrow points the way to the Caverns of Sonora at the intersection of U S. Highway 290 and the pave d road to the Caverns. On the right, deep within the cavern, is this large room used as an auditorium and meeting room for special tours. The first press meeting was h eld in this room. The ceiling is about 35 or 40 feet high. It i s 50 fee t wide and 100 f eet long. which neither grow consistently up or down, but may be formed in any direction, are considered a rare cave formation. They abound in the Caverns of Sonor,a. Whole walls are covered with them, some growing to great lengths. Many of the formations take on shapes with remarkable resemblance to natural objects. Perhaps the best known of these is the Butterfly, an almost perfect reproduction in pure calcite. There are crabs with claws and legs, the Chocolate Cup Cake as big as a refrigerator, the Knotted Rope, Witch's Finger, the Moon-milk Among the many unusual formations in the Caverns are the protrusions that resemble popcorn. On the right, (top) i s Popcorn Alley d ecorate d with thousands of these snow-white "popcorn" protrusions On the right, is the registry room, with a display place d there by the Abilene Grotto. Vi sitors are asked to register h ere and read the message. "Take nothing but pic tures-leave no thing but footprints." Lower l eft-This opening from the main trail is known as the bedroom. This was the eating and sleeping quarters for many of the early-day explor ers and spelunkers. (Right) The Pagoda or Totem Pole Room. .. ---


'on ABOVE (On the left)-In the Palace of the Angels. This was the end of the tour when the caverns were first opened to the public. Eight hundred additional feet have been added to the tour this year. On the right, a new attraction this year is the Valley of Ice. Falls, the Smokehouse with its hanging strips of bacon and others long to be remembered. In the War Club Room the magnificence of by-gone eras is reflected in the unusual coralloid formations known as "War Clubs." They resemble coral but are inorganic and are considered a rare speleological phenomena. In the Helectite Room there is a profusion of formations resembling elephant tusks, draperies, vipers, ropes, and string. Another attraction is the tublar stalactites known as soda straws. They are crystal clear, suspended from the ceiling and are constantly dripping water. Some are 6 feet in length. "Heaven's Pathway," although neither straight nor narrow, leads to the Corinthian Room. Here ON THE RIGHT (top)-The Hall of War Clubs; (right) The Ice Cream Sundae. (Lower left) always an interesting sight-The Knotted Rope. The forces of Nature sculptured the floor-to-ceiling stalactite-stalagmite in the form of a giant's shoestring with a monstrous snarl. (Right) The Red Top Stalagmite measuring 10 feet high and 6 feet across the base.


ABOVE-Th' beauti ful Corinthian s howin g Heaven's P athway." JJ('r c l i mt;s t o nt; co lu m n s r ecall the s p l (ndo r and m a jest y o f the d a y s of Co r inth and i t s f a bl e d architecture J !crt; can bt; seen dra p e ri e s coralloids and s ta lactites whic h accent the beauty o f t hi s unique c h ambe r. On the right o rnam 'ntal s teel g u ard-rails, bridges a n d smooth p a thway have been adde d f o r t h e comfort and s a f e t y o f the v i I lors T hi s was t h e e n d o f th e trail in I jimest o n e c olumns r e cal l the spl end o r and m a jest y of the days of Corinth

THE TEXAS CAVER (Continued from Page 126) Kerr 33 .030 33 Kimble 12 .001 106 King 2 .002 472 Kinney 3 .002 464 L 3 004 242 Llano 4 .004 237 H cCulloch 12 .011 89 40 .043 23 he dina 29 .021 47 H en ard 2 .002 r1ills 1 .001 734 P ecos 4 .001 1184 ?residio 5 .001 775 Randall 2 .002 456 Real 14 .022 45 San S aba 52 .046 22 Schleicher 6 .005 222 Stone'lrall 3 .003 309 Sutton 26 .017 57 Terrell 2 .001 1194 Travis 75 .074 13 Uvalde 35 .022 45 Val Verde 51 .016 64 Ward 1 .001 827 Wheeler 2 .002 458 Williamson 44 .039 26 A density map plotted th the above information ,.,rould probably more likely Sh01'1 either the (1) population density of spelU!fkers (2) accesabili ty of caving area,or (3) degree of friendliness of ranchersJ CAVE PALEONTOLOGY by Sandra Foster Austin, Texas A student and an employee of the University of Texas Balcones Reserach Cen ter, F liss Foster stated that cave paleontolog y began in Texas about 1950 1IThen ex cav."2. tion "Tas made in Freisenhahn Cave. of many advantages of using cave material are that (1) there is a high concentration of bones of all types, a n d (2) caves are not subject to as much erosion as the surface, fossils are not 'ly e a thered or broken as much. In one cave over 250 fossils of baby elephants were found and the fossil of one huge lion ('I'Thich obviously Sh01.,rS the.t lions 'I.,rere very fond of baby elep hants) 127 Why collect this material from caves? 'I'here are many purposes closely related, as finding out what fauna lived in a certain area during the time of deposition, also i-That plant life, etc. by examing interna l remains There are six paleontologic provinces in Texas according to the type of environment and climate at the time of deposition. The most serious vlOrk in cave paleontology in Texa s has been done in the last fei.,r years. EXCHANGE NEV/SLETTERS AVAILABLE TO GROTTOS The follm.,ring exchc.nge ne'l\Tsletter lis t may be used by grottoes in the Texas Speleologica l Association. Please inform the. CAVER '\IThich ne1'Tsletters you vlOuld like to check out, 'I'1hich issues and for hOl'T long you expect to keep the;::. Not all exchange nei'Tsletters put out an issue per month. Note belo'l'T: CLEVE-o-GROTTO NEWS (Cleveland,O.) c/o John LudloTigson, 3566 Daleford Road, Shaker Hts. 20, Ohio. (Bi-monthly) THE UNDERGROUND (Hid-Niss. Valley Grotto), 506 Flanders Dr., St. Louis 22, Missouri (Quarterly) FLORIDA SPELEOLOGIST, Box 2581 Univ. Sta., Gainesville, Fla. (QuaTterly) W. IUSSOURI LAISON, fiISS, DvTigh t Weaver, Ashland, IvIo., (Monthly) SPELUNKING, (Quint Cities Grotto) 166 N. Prospect Ave, II1adison 5, Wisconsin (Xonthly) SPELEOTHElviES, (N. New Jersey Grotto) 249 Speed1.rell, MorristoTtm, N.J. (Bi-month) THE CALIFORNIA CAVER, California Regional Association, D.W. Tomer, 1213 Pleasant Way, Hanford, Calif., (Quarterly) MET GROTTO NEviS, Pat Dunning, 223 Spring st., Ossining, N.Y. (Bi-monthly) NITTANY GROTTO NEvlS, P. O. Box 649, State College, Penna., (Nonthly) COG SQUEAKS, Central Ohio Grotto, 345 N. Chesterfield, Colwnbus 9, Ohio, (Nonthly) CAVE NOTES, 2756 34th Ave., San Francisco 16, Calif., (Bi-monthly) NETHERWORLD NEWS, Pittsburgh,1251 N. Negley Ave., Pittsburgh 6, Pennsylvan(Quarterly) (Continued on Next page.)


THE TEXAS 2818 South 39th Street Abilene, Texas Official Publication of The Texas Speleological Association National Speleological Society 'ft.:STE 11 S.2i::LiOLcx;.I CAL SUR V E Y c / o Dr. ',Jill a m R H allida y 1117 36th St. N S eattle, Washington '" (Continued from Page 127) THE IOWA CAVE BOOK, Iowa Grotto, Robert L:-Tenney, 249 8th St. N.E., Cedar Rapids, Iowa, (Bi-monthly) THE GEORGIA SPELUNKER, Atlanta, Georgia Grotto, 143 Rock Spring s St., Atl anta, G a., (Bi-monthly)? THE CAVALIER CAVER, W. Virginia Cave Club, clo Larry Fleenor, 103 Hancock House, Sta #1, Charlottesville, Va., ) THE BOSTON GROTTO NEWSLETTER, c/o Dr. Marlin Kreider, 374 Central St., Auburndale, (Periodically) COLORADO SPELECGRAlVl, (CAVING IN THE ROCKIES), Colorado Grotto, 13901 W. 7th Ave., Golden, Colo. (Monthly) WESTERN SPELEOLCG rCAL SURVEY, cj 0 Dr. Willia m H Halliday, 1117 36th St.N., S e lttle Washineton ( Periodically) FORESIGHT, (Choteau Grotto), 515 S 6th :)t., Columbia, No., CBi-monthly) BALTHIORE GROTTO NEWS, W. T. Plummer, Dept. of Astrophysics, Johns-Hopkins University, Bal timore 1 8 Maryland, (l"lonthly) Anyone checking out newsletters are urged not to keep them out more than two weeks as others will 1"an t a chance t o r ead them. ADVERTlSENENTS CAVERNS OF SONORA Box 781 Sonora, Texas No pe'rson, whather caver or just someone 1oJ'ho occasionally likes to visit a commercial cave has seen the ultimate in cavern formation development, until he or she has visited .... Tha t has been described as the s most beautiful!! See for yourself. SUBSCRIBE! THE TEXAS CAVER now! Only $3.00 per Year! Advertise in the CAVER, it only costs you 50 per column inch ( 3andt inches wide) Cavers read the CAVER!

Contents: Report from
the Uvalde convention --
Number one hit song of Texas cavers --
Houston cavers find deep cave --
"Head of a Horse" / Russell H. Gurnee Caver index in
December issue --
News of the Grottos --
Notice to Grotto News reporters --
Lest we forget --
Abstracts from convention talks --
Exchange newsletters available to grottoes.


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