The Texas Caver

Material Information

The Texas Caver
Series Title:
The Texas Caver
Texas Speleological Association
Texas Speleological Association
Publication Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
Regional Speleology ( local )
Technical Speleology ( local )
serial ( sobekcm )
United States


General Note:
Contents: Editorial -- Oklahome cave trip / Russell Scrall -- Cartoon? -- Map of Twin Cave -- (Blank), (Blank), blased steam cave / Merydith Turner -- Cartoon by Lilly -- Phantom Lake Cave / Joel Tom Meador -- Caver of the Month: Jack C. Burch -- Comments on NSS convention by Baltimore Grotto News -- Photo tips / Carl Kunath -- Third TSA salon of speleological photographic art - News -- Medlins no-goo chocolate cave candy.
Open Access - Permission by Publisher
Original Version:
Vol. 10, no. 1 (1965)
General Note:
See Extended description for more information.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
K26-04484 ( USFLDC DOI )
k26.4484 ( USFLDC Handle )
10643 ( karstportal - original NodeID )
0040-4233 ( ISSN )

USFLDC Membership

Karst Information Portal

Postcard Information



This item has the following downloads:

Full Text




THE TEXAS CAVER VOLUME X -NUMBER 1, JANUARY, 1965 COVER: Blair Pittman in the entrance of Wagon Wheel Cave, Arbuckle Mountains, Oklahoma. Photograph by Jim Eagan CONTENTS 3 4 OKL.\HOK;\ C AVE TRIP by Russell Scrall 6 C ; \RTOON? 7 HAP OF TWIN VE 9 (BLA NK), (BUNK), BU ;STED STEAM CAVE by Merydith Turner 10 C ARTOON by Lilly 11 FH \ NTOM LAKE CAVE by J 001 Tom Meador 12 C WER OF THE MONTH J ACK C. BURCH 14 COMMENTS ON NSS CONVENTION BY BALTIMORE GROTTO NEWS 16 PHOTO TIPS by Carl Kunath 19 THIRD TS,\ SALON OF S PELEOLOO rCAL PHOTOOM PHIC ART 21 NEWS 23 NO-GOO C AVE C ANDY


THE TEXAS S A VER, January, 196.5 Page 3 EDITORIAL Last IOOnth the TEXAS CAVER lost the best Editor in Chief we have ever seen during the life of the Texas Region and the Texas Speleological Association! James Estes is retiring from the editorship of the CAVER in hopes of catching up on the C 3 Ving he has missed during the last four years of hard work. Yes, it was h ard work that made the TEXAS CAVER what we think is the best regular monthly caving publication available to s .pelunkers today. Several of us in the Dallas area agreed to take on the job of editorship of the CAVER. We also have added support from San Angelo and Abilene. The TEXAS CAVER will not be a Grotto publication, and will remain as the offical publication of the Texas Speleological Association (TSA). This means that it is your publication -all you cavers who are members of TSA, or those who have an interest in Texas cavers and what they do. We do not intend to let the existing quality of the TEXAS CAVER fall off in any way, that is if we have continued support from the subscribers. With publishing costs running around $375.00 per year you can see that we need more than 100 subscribers to make ends meet. In each issue of the TEXAS CAVER you can look forward to an excellent cover, pictures of the latest spelunking events, articles on all types of caves that Texas cavers visit (this means caves in Texas. New Mexico, Arkansas, Oklahoma, Mexico, and ?), tips on cave photography, cartoons, a Caver Of The Month, articles on mapping and ropework techniques, and the latest Grotto News on cav.e trips and new discoveries. Of course. you will have to give the CAVER your support in the form of more cave articles, and cartoons. Whether you are a member of a Grotto, the NSS, or an independent caver. we need your articles! Every c aving group in Texas, both Grottoes and independants, should send in news of their latest trips, meeting, etc as often as possible. We are also very interested in your comments. How about some letters to the editor and a few of your ideas? If you have any gripes, proposed changes or commendations to make, now is your chancet One idea we have already is that we try to mail the CAVER earlier in the month of issue. As soon as we get "caught up" and have our printing set up we will try to mail the CAVER so that you will receive it a week or so before the end of. the month. In orde r to move up the date of is sue of the TEXAS CAVER, the due date for all material will now be the first of each month. This lOOans that every time the month changes material for the CAVER will be due. Materials for print should be typed, double spaced and mailed to the Editor, 4612 Watauga, Dallas, Texas 7.5209. Grotto news should be prepared in the same way and mailed to the Grotto News Editor (Bert Olsen, 222 Mizell, Duncanville, Texas). If you can't type send it anyway but write as legibly as possible. Subscriptions to the TEXAS CAVER will remain at $3.00 per year. Caving Club subscriptions will also be $3.00 per year, however all Grottoes will receive a 50% discount for their file copy. The TEXAS C AVER will excha nge with certain other publications including Regional and Grotto publications. The charge for back issues of the G\VER will be 25 per issue a nd a list of available issues will be sent upon request.


THE TEXAS CAVER, Janu:1.ry, 1 9 65 Page 4 OKLAHOMA CAVE TRIP The weekend of 12 and 13 found Pete Lindsley, Lee Skinner David Waller, a nd David Ince bound for an adventurous spree into the wild and muddy caves of Northeast Oklahoma, following leads given to Pete by Jack C. Burch, who had been in the caves many years before. David Ince and Lee Skinner left Dallas Friday evening, with intentions of rooeting Pete Lindsley and David Waller around midnight at the "campground" near Crystal Cave north of City. After going down several roads with no success, they ran into Pete and David \.,raller, who laughed and said, "Follow us, you idiots". Again, after gOing down several roads with no sign of Crystal Cave, they decided to camp in an abandoned wooden shack, inhabited by one startled and irritated woodpecker. The next morning, as we were fixing breakfast, found Skinner calling some hogs which started to invade our cooking site. Skinner threw them SOlTle burnt bacon which they happily devoured v.Tith vigor. We then went to Cottonwood Cave, where we met Bill Pierce, Dick Moore, and umpteen dozen Boy Scouts from Tallequah. We met the Scoutmaster inside who told us about many long a nd extensive passages in the cave which have never been pushed to the end. We followed one which he said was the most promising and came out of a small hole just inside the entrance 10 minutes later. We then has another with him about the flood control dams which the Army Corps of Engineers are building in the area. Only one dam remains to be built. This one would cause complete flooding of Cottonwood Cave. (In fact, this is the reason that the dam hasn't been built. It is not known how much water would be lost through the cave, and the location of the resurgence of the cave stream is not known in spite of several florescene dye tests.) Other dams, both up and down stream, h a v e already been completed. The local people now know Cottonwood Cave as CottorHiiouth Cave due to the white powdery rock in the entrance. On the way to the blg we found a beautiful 15 ft. deep dome pit with a pool of water in the bottc)'r.o One of the Boy Scouts, Willie Willis, led us back to the big room. From here. we went up into the helectite room and the l ake Skinner made some remark about the fact that Willis was leading him through Cottonwood Cave. Meanwhile. David Ince was lost. N o one had seen him for the past half hour. and a short search found nothing. He was last seen heading down a lower passag e everyone else had climbed up a slope. We decided to g o on for now, as 'J:we h9.d a map with him, and had been in the cave several years before. When ,.;e got to the end of the lake room, the Boy S couts turned around and left us, and;re pus hed on towards the round shale dome room. Here we met David Ince, T..raitin'! for us. ;\iter climbing up into the shale dome and examining it, we left a register there and erased the words "NSS BOSTON GROTTO" from the walls. Here we dug through mud and breakdown, attempting to go further, but we met with little success. On the w a y out, we met Jerry Fogleman from Oklahoma City, after which insued a very rough mud-slinging campaig n between some o f the c avers. Later after saying g oodby to Jerry a nd David Ince. Lee Skinner, Pete


THE TEXAS CAVER, January, 1965 Page 5 Lindsley, and David Waller left for Crystal Cave which we found easily this time, after receiving directions from the Boy Scouts. (They also told us Community (or Moonshine) cave near here, which houses thousands of (drunk?) bats.) Lee and Pete spent about an hour in Crystal, walking down its long passages, and found it to be a very interesting cave. The next morning we left crystal, went by the nearby Natural Bridge and headed for Twin Cave, near Spavinaw. We reached the Twin Cave area north of Eucha around noon. An hour of searching loea ted the cave. Twin Cave is 50 called because of two similar looking sinks, one on each side of the draw. The cave can only be entered through one of the sinks; the other is reported to contain C02. After going down an entrance slope, the caver finds himself in a medium sized entrance room. Going along the left hand wall crinoid fossils in the limestone are soon discovered. About 450 feet deep into the cave is a very unstable breakdown area, probably due to excess water or the stream which one can hear be low. He re is whe re the typical Oklahoma "cave mud" begina. After a traverse up a Cavemud cliff one finds himself in a three fot high Cavemud passage. Another room and then you are at the brink of a Cavemud pit with a lake at the bottom. An inner tube with rope attached was a warning that at times the pit fills completely with water and a cold swim is necessary. There were already two parties in the cave, but none were NSS members. Halfway through the cave everyone heard what sounded like a squealing pig or maybe a cave lion, which came from a direction where we last saw Pete Lindsley. We were releived when we later saw Pete and found that he was unscratched. A 150 foot low crawl (Cavemud, of course) led the Texans into the first formation room. A welcome sight indeed I The Oklahomans told us the rest of the cave wasn't worth the trip; but had come this far so 200 foot Cave mud crawl I It really was no worse than NBCmud or Indiancreekmud. i'Sayl You guys hurry up. Come look at this gigantic chamberl", echoed through the crawl. We finally reached the Big Room (which, by the way is pictured on the cover of the October, 1958 NSS News). Over 300 feet long and 30 foot ceilings in many places, the Big Room contained some very pretty formations. Mostly massive stalagmites, stalactites, and totems. Investigating the talus slope at the west end of the room we discovered a quantity of dead bats. We had also noticed that Rhadine beetles were common in most of the cave. By now it was 2:30 P.M. so we hurriedly left and started back to Texas. by Russell Scrall M.A.KE YOUR PLANS NCW to attend the 1965 TexaS/Speleological Association Convention April 3 and 4 at San Angelo College Student Center, San Angelo, Texas. If you have a paper to present on a subject relating to caves, a slide show, demonstration or what have you and you wish to present this at the convention, please contact Carl Kunath at 409 W. Washington, San Angelo, Texas, at the earliest possible moment I


L < (@)@ \ ? 0 CJ 5 vD r ,

TWIN CAVE SILOAM SPRINGS QUADRANGLE DLWARE COUNTY, OKLAHOMA SUF\V'l\ ..... ---I 0 0 1 INtH = 100 100 .... .30 ""!:TEllS fEET 200 I I 1.0 ./ ", 1/ I


THE TEXAS C AVER, January, 1965 Page 9 (B.lank) (Blank) Blasted Steam Cave On October 11, 1964 an eager group of new U.T. cavers, George Wyche, Philip Winsborough, Jim Weiler, William Schafer, David Gray, and Paul Clifford were lead by Merydith Turner to that old training standby, steam Cave (Williamson County). Losing one car making like Old Faithful outside of Round Rock, requiring us to hunt for a gasket on Sunday, did not deter us in the least. The usual presentation of one quarter per person obtained the permission of Dr. Laubach to explore his caves. A few minutes drive, navigating around the interstate highway construction which buried Laubach Cave, found us passing through the stock pen, over the track, and in cave country. A stop at Chinaberry Cave allowed the neophytes to do a Chinese firedrill through the four entrances of this 60 by 40 foot, 15 foot deep sink. Proceeding west along the road we noticed a large pile of rocks and dirt off to the north and then reroombered hearing about some quarrying operations. Putting this to the back of our minds. we managed to by-pass the cave once before stopping. Carbiding up we took a look at the 20 ft. deep main sink, with comments of, "We aren't going down that. are we?" Then we toured (above ground) five other entrances before preparing to descend the 15 foot deep Fern Entrance. A brief instruction on chimeying got everyone below (no walk-in for beginners). Exploring walkways, stoopways, crawlways, dodging bats, and looking for formations brought us to the bottom of the main sink entrance. Everybody out, we thought we would go see what the quarrying operations had uncovered. On approaching the quarry, George and Merydith climbed up the hill of rubble to survey the quiet empty scene, when the late afternoon peach was broken by a man running out of the bushes shouting, blasting, get away, we're blasting I" Thereupon a strategic retreat was made. Back at the car and before we had a moment to think. another man screamed for us to get a thousand two thousand feet We moved the car to where a small "fallout" shelter had been ere cted. He were standing around talking, when the words, "I\w, they probably won't blast for another hour were punctuated by an earth shaking blast sending up along the edge of the quarry first a wall of white limestone powder, followed by a wall of rusty orange vapor. Then we noticed that the air seemed to be full of ever-increasingin-size objects. This found William but in the car, Paul diving behind a large tree, the rest of the group tearing off into the brush, except for foolhardy George and who stood their ground. That is until George was casually reminded that a beret does not make a good hard hat After the rain of fire and limestone, it \'/as noted that the ground sported many new rocks. including a nice sized hunk just short of where the group had been standing. On talking to the blaster we learned that : }eorge and Merydith had been standing about 30 feet from a line of 3 inch 50 foot deep drill holes packed from top to bottom with severa l thoas:md pounds of


THE TEXAS CAVER, January, 1965 Page 10 ammonium nitrate and set off with dynamite. The quarrying to to provide stone for the interstate highway road bed and is to progress in the direction of Steam Cave. At this writing it is not known how far the encroachment has proceeded but according to plan this 2000 foot long cave, well known to generations of UT neophytes and mrtny other cavers is to become nothingness. Leaving, muttering that we should have listened to Chicken Little, we picked up the other car and proceeded uneventfully home to Austin. It's a funny thing, but no one has been Merydith caving since I B. by Herydith Turner UTSS rT's HARD ON OTHER MEMBERS OF THE GROTTO, BUT HE DOES OWN ALL OUR EQUIPMENT.


THE TEXA.S CAVER, January, 1965 Page 11 PHANTOM LAKE CAVE TALKED WITH: Barry Scobee, Justice of the Peace, Jeff Davis County. DATE: November 7, 1964 NOTES: "I have visited the lake a number of times, first about 35 years ago when the lake was full and very large. On the second visit the lake had gone down somewhat. The last time sheep were grazing in its bottom. The water now is caught by an aqueduct as it comes out of the cave and flows some six feet per second. The earthquake of August 16, 1931 caused it's waters to yellow and roll awhile. Several drownings have occured from attempts to explore the cave. The last time I held an inquest there, two youths had been drowned. Their bodies had been removed before I got there, but there was no question that it wasn't foul play. To get in it is necessary to place your feet in it, then duck under. Seemingly it is no trouble to get into it, as you will come out into an air-filled passage. All of the drownings have occured while coming back out, as they didn't know exactly where to duck under to get out, and the force of the water holds them down, and they drown. I know of only two men who have been in and out successfully. One of them works at Toyahvale and his wife is the postmistress there. He has been some 1500 feet into the cave. He uses a rope to find the way back out. The has placed a large pipe grill over the underwater entrance. The earliest known attempt to explore the cave was in the 1850's. Lt. Taylor was sent to build a lime kiln at the lake, where he caught a good many bass. General Bliss tells of the attempt in his memoirs. Col. Bumford, Capt. Lee, and Lt. Bliss set out to the lake from old Fort Davis. After they had gone a mile or two, Lt. Bliss was recalled to the Fort. The others attempted to enter the cave, but the water was so deep they had to swim, and their lighted candles on top of their canteens over and were extinguished." Interview by J. T. Meador SEND THE CAVER TO YOUR FA. VORITE LAND

THE TEXAS CAVER, January, 1965 Page 12 CAYER OF THE MONTH Jack C. Burch is an Arbuckle Mountain man. He was born in Springer, Oklahoma, located some ten miles f .rom Ardmore, Oklahoma. Jack went on his first cave trip with his uncle to Bitter Enders Cave, after which he did quite a bit of cave exploring in the Arbuckle Mountains of southern Oklahoma. It was during one of thp-se cave trips that Jack discovered Wild Woman Cave, the entrance of which had been known for many years. Jack was the first to discover the miles of passageway that were hidden beyond the water passage, some nine hundred feet of water that narrowed down to a six inch clearance between the ceiling and water. Led on only by a strong breeze coming from within the cave, Jack found passage in which one is able to walk for one complete mile without stooping. During the trip one will see a number of lakes, rivers, some large rooms separated by much passage, and an abundance of formations also separated by much passage. Jack, with the aid of his Arbuckle caving buddies, has done a considerable amount of work on WWC. Over two miles have been mapped with a transit, the dip of the limestone was measured to be some 20 degrees, and a smoke bomb was set off locating a new entrance which was dug out. (Ed. note: Wild Woman has been closed for the last several years due to a bad incident with trespassers.) Then in 1957, Jack decided to join the NSS; and at the present time he is a member of the Arbuckle Mountains Grotto. During the time Sonora Caverns was referred to as Mayfield or Secret Cave, Jack and his friends made eight trips into just about every inch of the known part of the cave. Jack is one of the few people that have seen nearly all of this beautiful cave before it was opened to the public. When it was decided to commercialize the cave, James Papadakis asked Jack to help him. C arving a trail out of solid limestone between the helictites and around the "Butterfly", Jack and Jim commercialized what is probably the world's most beautiful cave. Only by commercializing the cave was Jack able to prevent certain distructionof the formations in the years to come. While working in the cave as gUide, Jack met the woman that he soon married. Margaret, a Sonora school teacher, was also a guide in Sonora Caverns when they first met. Jack and Maggie now have a son Lee, who is two years old. Jack will probably make a caver out of him also. Jack was again summoned when Natural Bridge Caverns was to be opened to the public. Jack, Orion Knox, and the Heidemans are to be credited with the great job they did on this incredible cave. The bridg e over Purgatory Creek and the switch-backs in NBC are Jack's creation. Jack Burch is a N ATO caver. Since his start back in 1939, Jack has been in over one hundred caves in New Mexico, Arkansas, Texas, and Oklahoma. He has done extensive mapping from Ft. Stanton Cave, New Vexico to Fitton Cave, Arkansas. As with most cave explorers, spelunking started as 3 pass-time with Jack Burch, but now it is his lively-hood. Name: Jack Burch, NSS #2175 Occupation: Cave Developer Remarks: A nyone need a cave commercialized? Ph o t o by: Blair Pittman


COMMENTS ON N5S CotlVENTION (G. Reynolds 3.nd T Will) interesting "road" to the Devil' s Sinkhole Construction consisted of raking aside all loose cobbles :.

THE TEXAS CAVER, January, Page 15 work in both Sonora and NBC: to him the greatest share of praise is due with speleomultitudes departing for Mexico at an ambitous early hour on June 21, we decided to handicap ourselves several hours and avoid congestion at the border Once in Nuevo Laredo we were directed to Mexico customs. There was the truck, leaning now to the south, with its third flat Our processing, undertaken in a most serious manner by countless armed functionaries (no two of whom were uniformed alike), was completed in two hours Despite several detours, marked by "Reparacion--100 metros" at the construction sites, we made good time acroaa the desert, arriving in Sabinas Hidalg o in time to catch the NSS group refreshing itself at a tourist trap Some powerful government agency or politician had prepared for us the most cordial welcome imaginable in Bustamante. Beer, Coke-Cola, Barbequed animal and tortillas really hit the spot Negociations ensued and we finally agreed on cinquenta pesos por uno burro, up y down; tres burros would carry gear for our party of 12 Sleep left us at dawn a nd we emerged from the cave to find some of our vittles missing: it is said the burros ofte n get hungry. Who cares? Back in the cave, down the enormous slope, and we soon were in a huge breakdown jumble called Paso del Muerte Abandoned Tom on the scorching desert(awaiting a ride north), and drove to a park just west of Sabinas Hidalgo near the pass The guard who had waved his pistol at us at first, l ater most obligingly described the serpents and other undesirables (vampiros, etc.) which haunt the area at night After leaving Taninul we drove to a plant of some sort. The foreman, after arming himself and me with machetes --Glen had his pistol --for protection from Fer de L a nce and other snakes (culebras), led us to a sotano about 30 m deep and then one about half that deep. Later he took us west along the railroad track to an enormous cliff where we explored two caves. Both had hu g e entrances but got smaller after a few hundred feet. No one here had heard of Ventana J a b ali T alk of jungle fever, dysentary, poisonous bu g s and reptiles and plants left us unmoved- The following morning I crawled out of my sleeping bag, grabbed a chair for support, then slumped in it. Montezuma's Revenge w a s not satisfied with last night's festivities Glen and I found S de Huitzmolotitla which is a n Aztec word meanin g "the place of whistling swallows a nd falling water." Words c an't describe the one ge t s near a pit in the jungle hundreds of feet deep; the woosh-boom of divin G s w allows w a s frightening


THE TEXAS CAVER, January, 1965 Page 16 PHOTO-TIPS FLAS H BULB-'3 FLASH BULBS FLASH BULB..S In a coming story the pros and cons of various strobe units will be covered. One of the main points is that the small 40 watt-second strobes are not much good past 15 feet with normal color film because of depth of field problems and the small quantity of light available. Hence, for shots longer than 15' a flash bulb is recommended. Since there are limitations on the type and number of flash bulbs you may use, preferences in flash bulbs are as follows. We recommend the agl, m3, and #50 bulbs because these three bulbs are adequate for almost any situation. You may best see how to use these bulbs by considering a few common situations. First, look at a few facts. To many people a flash bulb is a flash bulb. It's power is directly proportional to it's size, and that's all there is to it. NOT SOl The power of a flash bulb is measured by the total light output of the bulb as measured in lumen-seconds. This light is not given out nearly as quickly as it is with a strobe whose flash duration is about 1/1000 sec. (one millisecond). Host bulbs require about 40 M/S to deliver their full light output. Reducing this to a fraction in lowest terms gives 1/25 sec. Hence, you can see that if the shutter speed is faster than 1/30 sec., or if the bulb is not correctly synchronized, some of the light will be lost. Therefore, for cave photography where light is at a premium, we rarely use a shutter speed faster than 1/30 sec. This is due to the fact that the light is not produced evenly but occurs mainly as a concentrated burst of light occuring about 20 M/S after the bulb is ignited. If faster shutter speeds are required a focal-plane type of bulb such as the FP-26 should be used. The whole subject of flash synchronization is quite complicated especially when using cameras with focal plane shutters. Suffice to say that if you use a shutter speed of 1/60 rather than 1/30 you will lose a t least of the total light output of the bulb. By the way, the #50 bulb ignites so slowly and peaks so drastically that no speed above 1/30 should be attempted. Now, about bulbs in general. All cavers are concerned with size, weight, bulk and power. So, why should you use the M-2 bulb when you can carry four times as many AG-l' s in the same space and have the same power-per-bulb? By the same token, why use the #25's when the M-3 will do almost the same job? By the way, it's cheaper too. A quick check of the accompanying chart may prove very enlightening. Note that many bulbs are made by two or more manufacturers. Forinstance, the 13 bulb made by Sylvania is approximately the same as the *50 made by Westinghouse. Also, note that no guide numbers are given for blue bulbs with black and white films, for white bulbs with daylight color films. There are reasons for this. Blue bulbs will affect the monochromatic values of any blue


objects in a black anr ; rhite picture. qawever. for all pNctic-'ll purposes the re sul t is the sam e ::, ) fire away. 1 ... 'hi te bulbs \-Jith daylight color film is -3. very differe d story indeed. 'rll-tite b'.11b5 h ave ::0 color t e:1p erature of 3 800 K, and :olor film desir.:ned for d"l.ylight use is b-::.l<:\nced for 6000K, hence, white bulbs used with d .ylight color film will ;l ffcct the color balance of film This usually pro: :h:.:-es :-.hi f-l:. t j1018 rd the long end of the 5pectrUJl. In simr,l e l 'mgu:'g8. :,Yc'.:r '.rill be decidedly orange or rr:d :;nd most undesire=3ble for spcci'11 pfff:'cts. So what do you do if you::-,re using fil:n of this typt." ',nd htl v..: only white 'culbs? you use Cl corrective filter over tht'! l ens. Th e correct filter is the 80-S C:::dn3Ett?). This is '.i blue rnter ;:.nd h3.S '1 f actor of one ifF It stop. The ef f-=ct i s the SJ. !1lt: 8.5 a hI ue bulb of th8 same size with no c a m e r;t :il ter. perh.'J ps you cqn see thp. dif f prence between white and blue bulbs The blue are si:nply whitr bulbs with 3. blue filter around t::c bulb. s:,crifices one "F" stop j1.1st -'1!j did the C::lmera fiIter. Now, :'!.bout fl'lsr: guns. Do you h", '1( thp rir,ht typp ? ;lhich :'un for which bulb? 1.':hich fc:.I tt. ;res do you F o r the 1:1 rge bulbs (large r than the {l25) you need p r:':;,t; c 1.!1JPra s un those madA by Graflex. Heiland. and othe r s ::uns usu:-tUy !y, v e thE' follo'Ning features: lare:e fl'1.s11 buttons ;nd provision for extension flash. They Oire u s u .:Jlly ty 2 or J ly,tteries. For the f;> 5 :inti :.':' a nd 3 bulbs. re m;my guns to choose from. This is not the to SlVe rnon.=y uy !Setting ,"\ cheap gun. Expect to p:::.y ,ott le3st $7.00 for') bood Gun. For ::lour :nOnf'Y. you should the following feCltures: Foldin,; type rAflpctor. open fhsh button. bulb test-ing circuit, .: nd br.lter'J C iP2 r:itor type systt?m. frovision for extension flash is'l nice extr:,l fe8ture. Be sure thai-it will c\'CCf'pt both }1-2.:3 .::md without <:t.ny 3dditi,)n 1 '1d'lotor. (LClhyette Radio nashgun #99G7022 for $4.00 )'1 $ most of V1(> "!bove, but it won't take M-2ts). These guns m"l.y or !ll:! y not ; Icccp t the \1]-1 bulb, hov.revpr, we do not recommend the use of t.he: \G-l bul'b wi U ) gnn:>. To use the\(j ... l bulb you need ter of 2". \afhen l arger reflectors ; l!'l-'" used. effic il:"lwy of tl-w bulb is Therp i :' not much to ch00sP in thi;-; 'lre;l. of r;uns are comp1ct .'md v ery efficient units. Onp. of ff,Y is a <;ma11 Kod'l.k Erownie f,un I conve rted t o : "avn 1Jf:e hy inshJ H .ng a doorbell button for ope!1 fl::ish u,,,. Use your o ... m judgem,'nt in this q re,q but get one you C 'l n dpprnd on. You don It med' ; ;,epo:> r:. te for P'lch flqsh bulb but b<-:st result f, 1 r e obtl inp.d with pro!" f r :-::uns. l low for tht'1 situation; C.\SE OrE: mPdium room such "vcl11e y of icp." a t !vhyfield, r00l nll' l t Llllh'.ch. or most in C'lV''.'! C l n be lighted by usinG Th,'> '",perlurp 64 film will usually be about 5.6 or 8 C ASE T rW:\. 1,)rge room ;-If, t .hp luditorillm",t ;V'lyflrld, the "big roOr;ill8t C,'lsc: ,d,) C.3vprns. som", fl' : irts of !'rn C .1VP.. or t.he e.ntrmce room of Laub; lch ewe :Ir e jus t : ,bout rir,ht for v_ '3 or l lrger bulbs such .S the #11 or V It .fn Thesp should ':'Hough to U51O' l.n (1perture of 4 or 5 6 (',<=;, \ (>4) C : \SE TH:tt<:E: POl' th.:" big roo!"' :<=; s the f'ntr1 n l"C> rUOili of Cot.ton wood CAve, big r enn l s of 11;: Y :t. plrt. s of G,U t l J(l F : \l;nito. ; 3nd p'lrts of Kiclnp00 or Fern C :1VCS requir< t.:l:? bulbs "'f111 L1P !f??I or th'O' ..... ,'nd ()ftpn W'" w, ("I n Sly in s tic'DS tl: is is "'JOO]) LllCK".


**-2 ... -3 *-1 COLOR GUIDE NUMBERS B&W TOTA L PRICE BULB MA.NUFACTURER BA.SE REFLECTOR A S A 25 lsA 64 ASA 125 ASA 400 LUMENS PER DOZ. AG-1 S,W,G,A Baseless 2" 160 300 7,000 $1.44 AG-1B S,W,G, A 2" 70 100 4, 000 $1.68 M-2 S,W Miniature 3-4" 200 350 7,500 $1.56 M-2B S,W " 70 100 4,000 $1.80 M-5 M-3 S " 300 550 16,000 $1.80 M-5B M-3B S " 100 150 9,000 $2.16 15 #25 S,W Bayonet 4_6" 300 550 21,000 $1.80 iF5-B #25-B S,W " 100 150 1 0 ,000 $2.16 #11 W 140 S Screw In 6-7" 350 600 33,000 $).00 111-B W 140-B S " 125 175 16.000 $3.50 '2 #22 S,W 6-8" 450 850 70,000 $).36 #2-B #22-B S,W 6_8" 150 220 33,500 $3.84 *-1 **-2 *** -3 S--Sy1vania Guide numbers are based on These are dealers retail prices. W--Westinghouse exposures made using the Bargins may often be obtained by G--Gener a 1 Electric recommended reflectors on shopping discount houses or by A--Amp1ex average subjects. buying surplus supplies from camera shops.


THE TEXt,s C ,\-"''ER, .T';..DU.1ry, 1 965 Page 19 THIRD TSA S ALON OF SPELEOLOGIC.t.L Pf-TOTCGfV\PHIC 1. CLOSING Dl\ TE: Transparencies and orints must be postmarked no later than midni ght, March 10, 1965 2. ELIGIBILITY: Open to all. Photographs entered in other photo salons, includingTSA Photo Salons, are eligible even if they hav.e previously won a ribbon. 3. SUBJECT MATTER: Must be related to c aves or caving. 4. CLASSIFICATIONS Group A. Scientific B. Open C. Activity D. 1) Monochrome Prints I-A. I-B l-C 2) Color Prints 2-B 3) Color Transparencies 3-A 3-B 3-C 3-D Group 3 D Storejr Series 5. MONOCHROME or COLOR PRINTS: May be a ny size from 5 x 7 up to 16 x 20 inches and should be mounted on mounting boards (16 x 20 is best). The following data must appear on the back of each entry: Name and address of the contributor, title and print number to conform to the entry form. The title should be placed on the front of the mount directly under the lower left of the print in lettering not to exceed t inch high. 6. COLOR TRANSPARENCIES: Shall be either 2t x 2t inches mounted for protection or 2 x 2 inch mounts of 35mm, 828 Bantam or Superslides. Slides MUST be spotted in the lower left corner as you wish them to appear on the screen. All slides must contain the entry number and n ame of the contributor. 7. JUDGING: All entries will be judged by experienced Salon Judges and they will be aware of the difficulties of c ave p hotog:ra.phy. 8. ENTRY FEE: No entry fee will be required. .11, maximum o f 8 entries per sub-group (1-A 2-B, and 3-A etc.) will be accepted. A story series may contain 10 transparencies. 9. SHIPMENT: Pack all entries securely in re-usable material, enclosing return postage if entries a re to be returned by mail afte r the Convention. Entries may be picked up at the Convention after the Salon. No responsibility for loss or darn.age will be assumed by the Dallas-Fort lNorth Grotto or its representatives. 10. ADDRESS ALL ENTRIES TO: Chuck Larsen 3622 Norma Drive Gar l and, Texas


THE C AVER, January, 19 6 5 Page 20 THIRD TSft S ALON OF SPELEOLCGICAL PHOTOORAPHIC ART ENTRY BLANK NAME OF ________________________ ADDRESS ______________________________________________________ __ CITY ____________________________ STATE ____________ ZIP ____ __ ENTRY D A T A Entry No. 1.) 2.) 3.) 4. ) 5.) 6. ) 7. ) 8.) ENTRY DATA Entry No. FOR MONOCHROME AND Title FOR TRJI.NS Pt>. RENCIES Title COLOR PRINTS Category No. Category No. Serial No. Serial No. 1.) __________________________________________________ __ 2.) ____________________________________________________ __ 3.) ________________________________________________ ___ 4.) --------------------------------------------------------------5.) ________________________________________________ ___ 6.) ________________________________________________ __ 7.) ________________________________________________ __ 8.) _______________________________________________ (For addition a l e n tries duplicate t his form ) ? c t u r n Postage: Enclosed: $ --'---------


THE TI:XAS C i \VER, J a nu a ry 1 965 P ag e 21 NEWS ABILENE, N.S.S. First of all, a correction is in order. In the December Grotto news ch a nge the name of l'1ar gie Willhms to Mar gie Boyd. That's what happens whe n a reporte r does not pay attention. VTrong n ame. A t the l ast r egula r meeting of the grotto, a n election of officers w a s held. Serving for the y ea r 19 6 5 are the following : Chairman, George Gray; Vice Chairman, Bry ant Lilly; Secretary-Treasurer, Jim Estes; E quipment Chairman, B art Crisman; a nd Rese arch Chairman, Dewayne Dickey. On M ond ay, Janu ary 4, all members of the grotto had blood samples t a ken to be s ent off for blood tests to d etermine whether recent r abies innocculations are building up a sufficient immunity. Next program for the grotto isa first aid course for all. A trip is being planned to check for new caves in the Junction area in Kimble County. A s usual, it is hoped that the new leads will be fruitful a nd yield some more good c aving Also in the future is a trip to Deep Cave for some more mappin g Grotto address: 2 818 S. 39th st., Abilene, Texas 79605 Meetings a r e held the first Tuesday of e a ch month at 1458 Marsalis st.t Abilene, T ex a s ALAMO, N.S.S. Leilson Wilson has been prevailed upon to head the Grotto for another year, upon many promises of more help from the membership on the many projects in sight. Ron S chrumpf is posted to Germany and Luther Bundrant is up to repla ce him as vice-Chairman. Ron will represent the A lamo and NSS at the meet in Yugoslavia later this year. Luther continues as our very excellent treasurer, also, while Ollene Bundrant continues her g ood work a s secretary. Among interesting new appointments is that of W. D. (Bill) Owens as Trip Chairman because he functions very well on the hard job of contacting hard-to-convince ranch owners and explaining our scientific aims. The recent r appell a nd belay drill at Cascade Caverns (still for sale) brought home the need for grea t c are in handling the belay line. We tied about 150 pounds of rocks in a g unny s a ck and dropped it off a ledge to test belayers -it proved tha t you really need to keep hold of the rope to do any good for the poor soul below. Later we had a workout at Corkscrew that was a lot of fun and quite instructive for newcomers. One of our pet projects h a s been revived so the reporter is roughing out a shooting script for a genera l interest film to be shot on l6mm as a showcase for those who are interested in wha t we do. This will be aimed at such groups as gra n ges, schools a nd s cientific societies -if the problems of such a mixed b a g c a n be solved. Bill Gr a y HALCONES, N.S.S. The Balcones Grotto was very busy during December. A group led by Bill Russell went to Okl ahoma and Mexico in order to investigate g ypsum c aves and anything else a t hand. Dave Herydith a nd E u g ene Fields found quite a few shelter caves near Lake Belton a t M org a ns Point, with promise of better thing s to come. Tom McGarrigle, Dexter Hill and Rodney Matejowsky e x plored a fair sized c ave here in our own back yard; behind the Steck Co., to be exact, a nd it ended in a fissu r e tha t w a s blowing warm air (cold d ay). They aren't finishe d with this one yet. Explorer Post # 19 many scouts of which the Grotto bo asts as members will t a ke p art in the 1 96 5 Scouta r ama. This "ill be h 8ld in the Austin


TEX! \S January, 1965 22 Municipal A.uditorium March 19-20. Post ff.19 plans to show slides of caves and demonstrate caving techniques under the supervision of Ray Sefcik 'md Tom Warden. Our Grotto will elect officers next month. Grotto Address: Lauren N. Roebuck, 2406 Devonshire, J\ustil'l, Texas 78723 BEXAR, N.S,S. (No news this month) DALLAS-FORT WORTH, N.S.S, For another warm month, we had good enough caving weather to head for the caves to the northeast. One trip was made to northeast Oklahoms to visit Cottonwood, Crystal, and Twin Caves (see separate article, this issue) and another to Devil's Den, Bat, Waterfall, and Fitton Caves in Arkansas. In Fitton Cave, Pete Lindsley, Lee Skinner, Jack and Gloria Burch, Jerry Blake, and Larry and Lois Register made the big loop (in through Crystal Passage, back through East Passage) to the 11 In 11 room, and then back to the Tennouri Section. We noticed there, to our heartbroken dismay that soneone had knocked down the nPossum" formation. The stream in Fitton was unusually muddy due to the heavy rainfall that carne the day before. The D-FWG held its annual Christmas party in Fort Worth at the residence of Carl and Nancy Johnson. Several very original 3.nd unexpected gifts were given to the suspecting members. Grotto Address: Lee Skinner, p.O. Box 28, Richardson, Texas 75081 UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS, N.S.S. Over the Christm8s holidays several groups went to Mexico. Among these Merydity Turner. James and Barbara Strickland visited Sotano de Tinaja, Taninul No.4, and discovered a new Sotano. and Tim Collins and Sam and Diane Young fotmd some new p.J.ssage in Tinaja and a new pit near there. Bill Russell was caving in Oklahoma and l ater with James Reddell in New Mexico, collecting data on Gypsum caves. Terry Raines and crew added about 70 feet to the depth of de Tlamaya. (Ed. note: is that -1356 feet now?) Grotto Address: P.O. Box 7672, U.T. station, l1.ustin, Texas 78712 HUACO CAVERS SOCIETY, Huaco Cavers this month made a few trips to the George town area. On December 27, cavers Rick Mitchell, Jim !vlitchell, Bill vlood and Bob Wood made a trip to a small cave near steam Cave in Georgetown. The r,ave was about 200 feet long with a n average ceiling height of 3'. There were a few dead formations present. On December 29, c avers Rick Don Mayo, and Jack Peck made a trip to Five HUe Cave. The cave consisted of one large room about 100' long with a few tight crawlw ays br::tnchi..l1g off. The once large entrance was found to be partially blocked off by the highway department. The follOWing day, Don and Jack Peck returned to the Georgetown ,qre& to visit Three Mile Cave. The cave was found to be quite? lot than the surveyed length. It had one especially nice sized room with live formations. During the month of December, return trips .. rere made to Steam Cave, Red House Cave, and Four Corners C a ve L'1 Georgetown for the purpose of training new members. Society address: Bob Wood, 2632 Drive, W<\co, Texas 76710 SAN ANGELO COLLEGE SS, (No news this month) SOUTHWESTER.f\,j UNIVERSITY S.S.. The club as a group a trip to Red House and Four Corn ers C cwes in the first part of l \overni)er. ., very short virgin passage w a s discoveI'E'd L'": each ?.etween fift':' 8 n :md twenty cavers made the trip O ther tri[Js he; v e c o;)s i s t p c ( f trips to Three


THE TEXAS CAVER, J anuary, 1965 Page 23 Mile Cave. Three Mile is becoming one of the larger caves in the county. We have found unmapped p assages, some virgin a nd some not, which will, when on the map, better than double its m a pped length. Contrary to what the "Survey" says there is a good ch a nce tha t a connection with Three Mile Sink which is across the highway will be made. In meetings the primary concern h a s been with revising and adopting a new constitution. We are also llk'lking pla ns for trips to the Del Rio area and to Bustamente. Grotto Address: Rex Shepperd, K A Box, Southwestern U., Georgetown, Texas TRANS-PECOS SPELEOLOOICAL SOCIETY, A t the first meeting in December the Secretary-Treasurer, Cheri Horton, resigned. ,i1.s a result of her resignation the offices of Secretary-Treasurer and reporter were combined, with Robert Schroeder in the new office. The SOCiety decided to purchace one hundred pounds of carbide. Cheri. Horton a nd Elbert Bassham showed slides of Cottonwood Cave, India n Creek C ave, Sonora, Terlingua Sinkhole, Powell's Cave, "S" Cave, Blackstone C ave, and Kent Bat C a ve (Windless Cave). Two trips have been made to Windless Cave near Kent. Elbert Bassham visited Sonora Caverns a nd plans to g o b a ck during Christmas Holidays. No other plans were made for the Christm a s Holidays. Plans were made to go to Mexico between semesters. Grotto address: Robert C. Schroeder, Box 771, SuI Ross, Alpine, Texas MEDLINS NO-GOO CHOCOLATE CAVE CANDY Here is a recipe for a high temperature cave candy that should end forever .the problem of reaching into your pockets for a piece of candy and pulling out a shapeless blob of tin foil, spare felts, pocket lint, etc., all mixed up with a little candy. The ingredients are: t pound unsweetened chocolate 1t cup sifted confectioners sugar t cup dates I cup raisons 2 cup shredded coconut 1 cup chopped pecans Melt the chocolate in a double boiler and slowly add the sugar stirring constantly. A s more sugar is added it will become extremely thick, just keep stirring. heating, and adding sugar. this is just a s it is supposed to be. After all of the sugar is in. it should h a ve the consistency of soft granite. Now comes the hard part, add everything else. I find that a large wooden spoon and someone to hold the pan comes in handy. Naturally changes can be made in the condiments to suit individual preferences. After it is all mixed, shove it all into a big flat pan, cut it into the desired shape and let i t cool. The theory behind this stuff is simple. If the candy is solid at the temperature of boiling water it HAS to be solid at all lower temperatures. This theory in fact does hold true. One word of precaution, however, if you plan to visit a wet cave, wrap it well. it isn't too water resistant. Jim Medlin '" '" '" '" '" '" '" '" '" '" THE TEXAS C A VER $ 3.00 Annu ally 12 Issues


THE TEXAS CAVER 4612 Watauga Road D3.11as, Texas, 75209 Official Publication of the Texas Speleological Association NATIONAL SPELEOLCGICAL SOCIETY TO: THE TEXAS C AVER is 2, monthly publication of the Texas Speleological .Association and is published in Dallas, Texas. Subscription is $3.00 per year for 12 issues. Material for publication should be typed double-spaced and sent to the editor no later than 1st of month of issue. Editor----------------------------Pete Lindsley Assistant Editor------------------Chuck Larseri Circulation Manager---------------Jim Hedlin Typist----------------------------Katherine Goodbar t\.rtl-1ork-----------______________ Normc>.n Robinson Grotto News Editor----------------Bert Olsen Photo Tips Editor-----------------Carl Kunath Current Events Editor-------------Jim Estes Lithographer (Part time)----------Bryant Lilly OFFICERS OF THE TEXA S ASSOCHTION FOR THE CURRENT YEAR ARE: Chairman---------------------_____ Pete Lindsley Vice Chairman---------------------Carl Kunath Secretary-Treasurer---------------Katherine Goodbar 6621 Sunnyland Lane Dallas, Texas 75214

Contents: Editorial --
Oklahome cave trip / Russell Scrall --
Cartoon? --
Map of Twin Cave --
(Blank), (Blank), blased steam cave / Merydith Turner --
Cartoon by Lilly --
Phantom Lake Cave / Joel Tom Meador --
Caver of the Month: Jack C. Burch --
Comments on NSS convention by Baltimore Grotto News --
Photo tips / Carl Kunath --
Third TSA salon of speleological photographic art News
Medlins no-goo chocolate cave candy.