Citation
The Texas Caver

Material Information

Title:
The Texas Caver
Series Title:
The Texas Caver
Creator:
Texas Speleological Association
Publisher:
Texas Speleological Association
Publication Date:
Language:
English

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Regional Speleology ( local )
Technical Speleology ( local )
Genre:
Newsletter
serial ( sobekcm )
Location:
United States

Notes

General Note:
Contents: Last trip to an old cave / James Jasek -- Map of Schertz Cibolo Cave -- Little "38" / Elbert Bassham -- Map of Little "38" mine -- A brief history of the Devil's Sinkhole / Tom Meador -- A letter from the convention chairman -- Was ist das? / Fern David -- Knots for cavers: a new series / George Gray -- 1965 convention: success is the word / James Estes -- Judges for the 1965 TSA photo salon -- 1965 TSA salon winners -- Caver of the Month -- 1965 TSA convention attendance list -- Report on spring BOG meeting / Katherine Goodbar -- Grotto News.
Restriction:
Open Access - Permission by Publisher
Original Version:
Vol. 10, no. 4 (1965)
General Note:
See Extended description for more information.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
K26-04487 ( USFLDC DOI )
k26.4487 ( USFLDC Handle )
10646 ( karstportal - original NodeID )
0040-4233 ( ISSN )

USFLDC Membership

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Karst Information Portal

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Serial

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Full Text

PAGE 1

1.s 3ZTEXAS CAVER 1'i6S X 4

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VOLUiviE X l1-, APRIL, 1965 COVER: "GYPSurtl THIS GYPSUM FLOWER IS SHOWN APPROXIr..1ATELY LIFE SIZE, AND WAS PHOTOGHAPHED IN BEAUTY CAVE, ARKANSAS. (I
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THE TEXAS CAVER, APRIL, 1965 LAST TRIP TO AN CAVE SU NDAY FEBRUARV 14, THE SCHERTZ CIBOLO CAVE. CAVE FOR THE LAST TIME. MIKE MCGEE, GOE GROTE, JACK CROSSLEY, AND MVSELF VISITED WE MAPPED, COLLECTED INSECTS, AND PHOTOGRAPHED THIS THE CAVE IS LOCATED NEAR RANDOLPH AIR FORCE BASE, AND IS G O IN G TO BE PERMANENTLV CLOSED DUE TO A HOUSING DEVELOPMENT. WE WERE ABLE TO DRIVE WITHIN FIFTY VARDS OF THE CAVE ENTRANCE, WHICH IS A TWENTV FOOT SIN KHOLE ABOUT TEN FEET DEEP. No SPECIAL EQUIPMENT IS NEEDED TO ENTER THE CAVE AT THE BOTTOM OF THE SINKHOLE, THERE IS ONE PASSAGE THAT LEADS TO T H E F IRST JUNCTION SOME TWENTY FIVE FEET AWAV. TAKING THE UPPER PASSAGE WE FOUN D OURSELVES IN A SMALL CRAWLWAV THREE FEET HIGH WITH A DUSTY FLOOR. THE U P PER LEVEL OF n :c: CAVE HAS SEVERAL PASSAGES, BUT THEY ALL COME TO AN END AFTER SOME TEN FEET. THERE IS A PIT IN THE CENTER OF ONE OF THE UPPER PASSAGES THAT DROPS E IGHT FEET TO THE LOWER LEVEL. SINCE WE WERE MAPPING, WE TOOK THE LONG WAY T O THE LOWER LEVEL. THERE THE CAVE SLOPES SHARPLY TO THE ROOM JUST BELOW THE PIT FR O M THE UPPER LEVEL. AT THE END OF THIS ROOM, THERE IS A SHARP DROP IN THE CEILING THAT LEADS TO A CRAWLWAV; HERE THE CEILING HEIGHT IS ONE FOOT. W E TOOK THE R I GHT HAND BRANCH FIRST, AND AFTER CRAWLI N G SOM E TEN FEET THE PASS AGE OPENED UP FIFTEEN FEET WIDE AND FOUR FEET HIGH. THE PASSAGE CONTINUED FOR 150 FEET B EFORE WE CAME TO ANOTHER BRANCH. HERE THE PASSAGE SPLITS IN THREE DIRECTIONS. W E CHOOSE ONE OF THE PASSAGES AT RANDOM AND B E GAN MAPPI N G AGAIN. THIS PASSAGE WAS SIX FEET WIDE A N D THREE FEET HIGH WITH A CROSS SECT/O N THAT LOOKS LIKE A HALF MOON. IT CONTINUED FOR 40 FEET BEFORE WE WERE CONFR ONTE D WITH OUR FIRST TIGHT CRAWLWAV. WHIL E E XPLORING THIS PASSAGE, WE DID NOT RECOGNIZE THIS CRAWLWAV FOR WHAT IT REALLV WAS DURING THE TIME THE CAVE WAS ACTIVE T H I S WAS A SIPHON THE DRV SIPHON WAS E IGHT FEET LONG AND ONE FOOT BV ONE FOOT WIT H A CONVEX SHAPE WHICH MADE CRAWLING INTO TH E REST OF THE CAVE DIFFICULT. AFT E R M IKE MADE IT THROUGH THE SIPHON, THE WORD CAME BACK THAT THE CAVE CONTINUED. -FRONT BACK: JERRV BECKMAN, JOE GROTE, AND MIKE McGEE IN THE FIRST MAIN PASSAGE. THIS IS THE WAY MOST OF THE CAVE LOOKS. AFTER SOME 2 0 FEET OF CRAWLING, WE CAME TO MORE BRANCHES. THIS TIME THE PASSAGE W E CHOSE ENDED AFTER 40 FEET OF MAPPING. THE OTHER PASSAGE WAS FOUND TO CONTINUE FOR M ORE THAN 150 FEET BEFORE COMING TO AN END. THIS PASSAGE AVERAGED FOUR FEET H IGH A N D FIVE FEET WIDE, WHERE WE WERE A B LE TO HALF STAND UP AGAIN. AFTER SOME 40 FEET W E FOUND TWO PASSAGES LEADING OFF THE MAIN BRANCH ONE ON EACH SIDE OF THE PASSAGE. THE ONE ON THE RIGHT W AS TOO TIGHT TO GET I NTO. THE PASSAGE ON THE LEFT W A S BIGGER. ONCE INSIDE WE WERE ABLE TO STAND UP, BUT THERE WAS ROOM FOR ONE AT A TIME. AT THE END OF THIS PASSAGE THERE WERE THREE BRANCHES, ALL OF WHICH WERE TOO TIGHT TO GET I NTO. ON THE WAY OUT OF THE PASSAGE, JOE GROTE SPOTTED WHAT LOOKED LIKE A H U MAN BONE STUCK IN A SMALL PASSAGE BEVOND OUR REACH. WE ALL TOOK A LOOK AT THE BONE, S URE E NOUGH, THAT IS JUST WHAT IT LOOKED LIKE THE SCAPULOUS. WE ALL TRIED OUR HAN D AT REACHING FOR THE BONE; BUT IT WAS A BOUT TWO FEET BEVOND OUR REACH IN A

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PAGE 66 THE TEXAS CAVER, APRIL, 1965 PASSAGE SIX INCHES IN DIAMETER. WE EVEN TRIED LOOPING THE STEEL TAPE AROUND THE TO PULL IT LOOSE, OUT NO LUCK. WHILE JOE AND MIKE WERE BUSY REACHING FOR THE BONE, JACK AND I STARTED MAPPING THE CAVE. WE HAD ONLY TO MAP ANOTHER 100 FEET BEFORE WE CAME TO THE END OF THIS PART OF THE CAVE. ON COMING BACK TO THE BONE PASSAGE, WE MET OUR TWO LONG-FACED FRIENDS. WHEN I ASKED ABOUT THE BONE, THEY POINTED TO AN OBJECT LYING ON THE FLOOR. WHEN I SAW IT, I BURST OUT LAUGHING; IT WAS A BROKEN SECTION OF WATER PIPE. THE LAUGH WAS ON ALL OF US SINCE IT HAD FOOLED US ALL. WE RETURNED TO THE FIRST MAIN PASSAGE AND MAPPED ANOTHER 150 FEET OF CAVE BEFORE WE CALLED IT A DAV. WE PLANNED TO RETURN THE FOLLOWING WEEK-END TO COMPLETE THE MAP. As IT TURNED OUT WE WERE NOT ABLE TO MAKE IT BACK TO THE CAVE FOR TWO WEEKS DUE TO CONFLICTS WITH SCHOOL. WHEN WE DID RETURN, WE HAD ONE NEW MEMBER WITH US, JERRV BECKMANN. WHEN WE ARRIVED AT THE CAVE SitE, FEAR STRUCK US. THE HOUSING DEVELOP MENT HAD BEGUN. OF THE MANY TREES HAD BEEN TORN DOWN AND WI DE ROADS HAD BEEN CUT THROUGH THE AREA. WITH BROKEN HEARTS WE BEGAN TO LOOK FOR THE CAVE. WE WERE IN LUCK, THE CAVE WAS STILL OPEN. WE SCRAMBLED INTO THE CAVE AS FAR AS THE SECTION WHERE WE LEFT OFF MAPPING TWO WEEKS AGO. THIS PASSAGE BROUGHT US DOWN ON OUR STOMACHS. AFTER CRAWLING 35 FEET WE CAME TO THE FIRST BRANCH OF THE DAY. WE NAMED THIS PASSAGE SCORPION CORNER BECAUSE OF ALL THE SCORPIONS THAT WERE SEEN. THIS SCARED US GOOD. IT DOESN'T HELP ONE'S NERVES TO LOOK UP AT THE CEILING, SIX INCHES AWAY, AND SEE A BLACK SCORPION SCAMPER ALONG. THE RIGHT HAND BRANCH CONTINUED FOR SOME 50 FEET BEFORE COMING TO THE END OF WHAT WE COULD CRAWL INTO. BACK AT SCORPION CORNER, THE PASSAGE CONTINUED FOR SOME 40 FEET BEFORE COMING TO THE NEXT BRANCH. HERE THE PASSAGE WAS FOUR FEET HIGH AND TEN FEET WICE; QUITE A CHANGE FROM THE TWO FOOT HIGH PASSAGE WE JUST CAME OUT OF. HERE THERE IS A SMALL ROOM THAT PROJECTS OFF THE MAIN PASSAGE. BACK ON THE MAIN PATH WE CONTINUED WITH THE MAPPING. THIS PASSAGE STOPS AT A PIT FIVE FEET DEEP WITH A SMALL ROOM AT THE BOTTOM JUST HIGH ENOUGH TO STANO Up. ON THE LEFT HAND SIDE OF THE WALL IS A SMALL HOLE ONE FOOT IN DIAMETER LEAD ING TO ANOTHER ROOM AND THE REST OF THE CAVE. AFTER GROANING SEVERAL TIMES, WE WERE ABLE TO SQUEEZE THROUGH THIS ONE FOOT DIAMETER HOLE. FROM HERE THE CAVE CONTINUES AS WALKING PASSAGE. AT THE END OF THIS PASSAGE, THERE IS A NATURAL eRIDGE THAT EXTENDS ACROSS THE PASSAGE; SOME FOUR rEET Orr THE rLOOR. THE PASSAGE MAKES A LErT TURN AND SLOPES UP TO THE NEXT ROOM. IN THI S ROOM THE CAVE BRANCHES OFF FOUR TIMES. ONE OF THESE BRANCHES BRINGS US BACK WITHIN 60 FEET OF THE ENTRANCE -WE HAD MADE A COMPLETE CIRCLE. Two Or THE OTHER PASSAGES CONTINUE ON FOR SOME DISTANCE AT AN AVERAGE CEILING HEIGHT Or TWO TO THREE FEET. THE LAST IS ANOTHER DRV SIPHON THAT ENOS AFTER 20 FEET. WE FOUND THE CAVE ENJOYABLE EVEN THOUGH WE HAD TO SPEND MOST Or OUR TIME ON OUR STOMACHS. BESIDES FINDING A NUMBER OF SCORPIONS IN ALL PARTS OF THE CAVE, JOE COLLECTED THE OTHER USUAL CAVE rAUNA. JAMES JASEK * * * * * * * * * * * * * LETT ER TO T fiE ED I TOR I ArJ i WR I T I NG TH I S NOT AS A REPRESENTAT I VE OF THE DALLAs-FT. 'NORTH GROTTO NOR A S A MEMBER OF THE CAV.ER STAFF, BUT AS AN I ND I v I DUAL MEMBER OF THE TSA. I WI SH TO CONGRATULATE CARL ON HIS EXCELLENT JO B AS CONVENTION CHAIRMAN FOR THE 196 5 TSA CONVENTION HELC IN SA N ANGELO THIS MONTH. CARL, AND THOSE WHO ASSISTED HIM, DID A TERRIFIC Joe IN PRESENTING THE FINEST AND MOST ORGANIZED CONVENTION THAT I CAN RECALL. IT IS PEOPLE LIKE THESE THAT HAVE MADE THE TEXAS REGION PROGRESS TO THE POINT WHERE WE ARE NOW ONE OF THE MOST ACTIVE AND ORGANIZED ORGANIZATIONS IN THE NSS. THOSE MEMBERS LIKE CARL ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR MAKING THE TSA AN ORGANIZATION OF WHICH I AM PROUD TO B5 A MEMBER. CHUCK LARSEN

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PAGE 68 THE TEXAS CAVER, APRIL, 1965 LITTLE \\38" LAST JANUARY 21, WE (TPSS) STAGGERED OUT OF OUR FALL SEMESTER FINALS AND BEGAN A BETWEEN-SEMESTER CAVING BINGE. THE SECOND DAY FOUND US AT LITTLE "38" MI NE. IT WAS UNUSUALLY EASV TO FIND THE ENTRANCE, PROBABLV BECAUSE WE HAD A COUPLE OF GEOLOGV(?) STUDENTS (11) AS GUIDES. AFTER BEING PROPERLY IMPRESSED BV DROPPING A ROCK DOWN THE 250 FOOT SHAFT, WE TIED A ROPE FOR SAFETV AND STARTED CLIMBING DOWN THE MINE PASSAGES. IT SOON BEcAME APPARENT THAT THIS MAZE OF PASSAGES FOLLOWED A NATURAL FISSURE. ON THE SIDES OF THE FISSURE AND IN VARIOUS NATURAL SIDE PASSAGES THERE ARE SOME INTERESTING AND SOMETIMES PRETTV CALCITE CRVSTAL FORMATIONS. WE WENT DOWN A SHAKV LADDER OR TWO AND CAME TO THE GRANDADDV OF ALL LONG SHAKY LADDERS THAT WAS PRECARIOUSLV LVING HORIZONTALLV ACROSS AN AWESOME BLACK HOLE. THIS WAS WHEN WE BEGAN LOOKING FOR ANOTHER WAY DOWN. AFTER CHIMNEVING DOWN A NARROW PART OF THE FISSURE AND RAISING A TREMENDOUS VOLUME OF FINE DUST, WE TIED ON A CABLE LADDER AND FOUR OF US RAPPELLED DOWN ABOUT FIFTV FEET. HERE WE FOUND GREAT HEAPS AND PILES OF $H"mi+ DUST. AFTER STUMBLING ABOUT IN THE DUST HAZE FOR AWHILE, WE FOUND THE ONLY WAY DOWN WAS BV ENTERING THE OLD MINE SHAFT AND DROPPING ABOUT 45 FEET. AFTER TVING ON OUR LAST CABLE LADDER AND USING THE REST OF THE ROPE, WE RAPPELLED TO THE BOTTOM OF THE SHAFT AND QUICKLV SCRAMBLED DOWN THE "BREAKDOWN". WE REALIZED THAT EVEN A SMALL PEBBLE DROPPING 250 FEET CAN BE DANGEROUS, AND THERE WERE SOME HUGE ROCKS HANGING UP THEREl IN THE PASSAGE AT THE BOTTOM OF THE SHAFT WE FOUND A LARGE QUANTITV OF GREEN FLOURESCENT CALCITE CRYSTALS. A SHORT DISTANCE AWAV WE CAME TO A TRAP DOOR THAT LOOKED LIKE THE ENTRANCE TO SOMETHING THAT EDGAR ALLEN POE CREATED. As WE CREAKED OPEN THE DOOR, GREAT CLOUDS OF FINE DUST CHOKED THE PASSAGE AND US. FROM HERE ON DOWN WE WENT ON THE OLD ORE CART RAILS. THEV CONSISTED OF LONG 4x4 BOARDS SOMETIIII ES SLANTED AS MUCH AS 45. WHAT REALLV MADE US CAREFUL WAS THE FACT THAT THE STEPS WERE NAILED UNDER THE CART RAILS. EACH STEP TESTED SAFE, SO WE WENT ON DOWN. JUST BEFORE REACHING THE BOTTOM WE FOUND TWO MORE VERY SHAKV LADDERS, AND IT WAS A80UT 350 FEET TO MORE ROPE ON THE SURFACE. THE BOTTOM OF THE MINE, 375 FEET, IS EVIDENTLV NOT THE BOTTOM OF THE FISSURE. fliucH OF THE CINNABAR ORE WAS MINED FROM THE CLAY WHICH FILLED THE FISSURE. THIS CINNABAR WAS MINED UNTIL AFTER WoRLD WAR I WHEN THE PRICE OF CINNABAR WENT DOWN. IF THE PRICE OF MERCURV CONTINUES TO RISE, THE MINE MAV BE REOPENED. ALL IN ALL, LITTLE "38" WAS AN INTERESTING TRIP TO A DIFFERENT TVPE CAVE. ELBERT BASSHAM # # # db if: If TSA SOARD OF GOVERNORS SAN SABA, TEXAS JUNE 27, 1965 1 :00 PM CONTACT THE VI CE CHAI Rr"lAN OF YOUR GROTTO OR CLU!:l NOW AND PRESENT HIM YOUR VIENS ON THE TSA MCAGERSHIP CARD PROPOSALS PRESENTED AT THE SPRING BOG MEETING. GnOTTOS AND CLUBS: BE SURE TO APPOINT YOUR BOG DELEGATES FOR JUNE. # # # 1f #: #

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THE TEXAS CAVER, 1965 LITTLE "38" N PAGE &:j .' MApPED BV: Ross AND APRI L, 1934 GEOLOGV AND UICKSILVER DEPOSITS OF THE TERLINGUA DISTRICT TEXAS, SURVEY PROFESSIONAL PAPER 3 2, UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE, WASH I NGTON, 1959, PAGE 97.

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PAGE 70 THE TEXAS CAVER, APRIL, 1965 A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE DEVILS SINKHOLE IT IS NOT KNOWN WHO DISCOVERED THE SINKHOLE, BUT SOME ACCOUNTS CLAIM IT WAS DISCOVERED AS EARLY AS 1867, THOUGH IT IS WELL BEYOND THE FRONTIER OF THAT TIME. IN 1876 AMMON BILLINGS DROVE 400 HOGS UP ONTO THE PLATEAU TO FEED ON THE HEAVV MAST. WHILE OUT HUNTING ONE DAY WITH SEVERAL OTHER MEN, THEY SAW SOME INDIANS AND FIRED AT THEM. THE INDIANS FELL AND BILLINGS STARTED TO RUSH THEM BUT WAS PERSUADED BY CAPTAIN WELLS THAT THE INDIANS' DISAPPEARANCE MIGHT BE A RUSE. THEY CAME BACK THE NEXT DAY AND FOUND BLOOD ON THE GROUND WHERE THE INDIANS HAD DISAPPEARED. WHILE RECONNOITERING THROUGH THE HIGH GRASS THEY WALKED UP ON THE BRINK OF THE SINKHOLE. THEiR WIVES WERE INVITED UP TO SEE "A HELLUVA HOLE IN THE GROUND". THE WOMEN AGREED THAT IT WAS QUITE A HOLE, BUT DISLIKED THE PERHAPS WARRANTED PROFANITY. THEY SUGGESTED THAT "THE DEVIL'S SINKHOLE" WOULD 00 .JUST AS WELL. FRANK S. GRAY WROTE THE FOLLOWING IN HIS MEMOIRS PIONEERING IN SOUTHWEST TEXASa "IT WAS THE TALK AND WONDER OF THE COWBOYS EVERVWHERE, AND THE V CAME FROM FAR AND NEAR TO LOOK AT IT. LARGE SWARMS OF HONEV BEES WERE IN THE OPEN CREVICES BETWEEN THE STRATA OF THE ROCK WALL OF THE CAVE, SOME TEN OR TWENTV FEET DOWN FROM THE TOP. THE APPETIZING COMB HONEV, SO NEAR, VET SO FAR-COULD BE SEEN BV THE HUNGRV COWBOyS..... No ONE WOULD THINK OF SUSPENDING HIMSELF WiTH ROPES IN AN EFFORT TO GET THE HONEV AND FACE THE STINGING BEES. SoME OF THE COWBOYS, HOWEVER, WOULD SHOOT AT THE HONEY WITH THEIR PISTOLS, BUT THEV ONLY. BROKE IT LOOSE AND WATCHED IT FALL DOWN THE DEEP HOLE BELOW; BUT THAT DID NOT SATISFY THEIR RAVENOUS APPETITES." "ONE SUMMER AFTERNOON AFTER WE HAD WATERED ALL THE SADDLE HORSES AND WERE LOAFING AROUND THE CAMP WITH NOTHING TO DO, WE DECIDED TO TAKE SOME CROWBARS AND GO UP TO THE BIG CAVERN AND ROLL OFF INTO IT SOME OF THE LARGE ROCKS THAT WERE LVING AROUND ITS EDGE. WHEN WE GOT THERE WE FOUND IT EASV TO ROLL THE BIG STONES INTO ITS MOUTH, WHEN A HUGE STONE THAT WEIGHED POSSIBLV FOUR OR FIVE HUNDRED POUNDS FELL SEVERAL HUNDRED FEET UNIMPEDED AND STRUCK THE BOTTOM. ALTHOUGH IT WAS HARD LIMESTONE, THE FALL FROM SO GREAT A HEIGHT WOULD BREAK THE STONES INTO HUNDREDS OF FRAGMENTS WHICH WOULD SCATTER AND ROLL DOWN THE STEEP, SLANTING FLOOR AND MAKE A NOISE THAT SOUNDED LIKE DISTANT THUNDER. AFTER WE HAD ROLLED ABOUT ALL THE HEAVIEST STONES WE COULD FIND INTO THE SUBTERRANEAN CAVERN WE THOUGHT (IT) TO BE (UN)OCCUPIED BV ANV LIVING CREATURETO OUR ASTONISHMENT THOUSANDS OF BATS BEGAN FLVING UP FROM THE BOTTOM. THE .JAR MADE BV THE HEAVV STONES FALLING NO DOUBT ALARMED THEM. THEV HAD TO FLV STRAIGHT UP FROM THE BOTTOM OF THE CAVE TO REACH THE TOP. THERE SEEMED TO BE THOUSANDS OF THEM. THERE WERE SO MANV ONE COULD HARDLV SEE THROUGH THEM AS THEV REACHED THE TOP AND THE OPEN AIR. WE SPORTIVE AND MISCHIEVOUS BOVS THROWING ROCKS AT THEM ACROSS THE CAVE AS THEV FLEW OUT. THEV WERE SO THICK WE KILLED TwO OR THREE EVERV THROW. WHEN THEV REACHED THE TOP OF THE CAVE INTO THE OPEN AIR, THEV ALL TURNED NORTH AND SCATTERED OUT FLVING IN THE DIRECTION OF THE OLD RANGER CAMP "WE REMAINED ABOUT THE CAVERN FOR A LONG TIME LOOKING AT THE CURIOUS

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THE TEXAS CAVER, APRIL, 1965 PAGE 71 CREATURES. WE GOT MORE PLEASURE AND EXCITEMENT OUT OF WATCHING THOSE WINGED MAMMALS OF THE NIGHT THAN WE OBTAINED BY ROLLING THE ROCKS INTO THE SiNKHOLE WHLN THE BEAST OF THE FIELD, CEASED COMING OUT, WE BOYS GATHERED UP THE CROW8 ARS AND WENT BACK TO CAMP." WHO FIRST ENTERED THE SINK 18 UNKNOWN; ONE OF THE OLDEST NAMES AND DATES CARVED ON THE nOCK AT THE BOTTOM IS H.S. 8AROER, OCT. 19, 188 9. JUDGE JOHN W HILL AND PARTY EXPLORED THE CAVE IN 1899. IN THEIR EXPLORATION THEY NOTICED THE BATS HANGI N G FROM THE CEILING AND "ABOUT 100 YARDS INTO THE CAVE HE FOUND THE SKELETON OF A BEAR." THEY ALSO REPORTED FIN DI N G MANY BEAUTIFUL "WATER FORMATIO NS". SOME UNKNOWN ENTERPRISING RANCHER LAID HIS WiNDMILL PIPES TO EMERALD AT O OTTOM. DURING WORLD WAR II DR. LYTLE ADAMS ENTERED THE SINKHOLE BY M EANS OF A LADDER MADE OF SEVERAL HUNDRED FEET OF BARBED WIRE WITH eRUSH RUNGS, DURING OAT 80MB PROJECT. PERHAPS B E S T KNOWN DECENT AND EXPLORATION IS THAT OF PATRICK J. FLOYD POTTER, EDDIE RANEY AND RALPH VELASCO IN JANUARY 1947. ON FEBRUARY 3,1947, MILTON J. rt1CCOLM, REGIONAL CHIEF OF THE LANOS DIVISION, NATIONAL PARK SERVICE AND M R. TILLOTSON, REGION 3 DIRECTOr< /\LONG WITH DAN E. STONE, FRED FO STLR AND TO D Y ROE VISITED THE S INKHOLE. THEY U3[D A WiNCH TRUCK AND PLATFORM For, THE DESCENT. I N 19L17, Fo STER STUD lOS Ili0VED THE I R EQUIPMENT TO THE SITE, SET UP A GENERATOR AND 5EGAN SHOOTING A FILM. THEY CONTINUED INTO OCTOilER ,'",iHEN THEY FIN I SHED A 55 till I'JUTE, SOUND, COLOR FI:"tII E i\lTITLED "THE DEVIL'S SINKHOLE", I N ANU 1950 THE 31 NKHOLE WAS COMMERC I AL I ZED FOR A SHORT PERIOD BY SID TEMPLETON AND ALFRED THEY INSTALLED A SMALL WINCH POWERED ELEVATOR CMARGED $1.00 PER PERSON FOR THE R I DE TO TI-iF TOP OF "HE r 1I0UNTAI N AND BACK. IN EARLV 1956 WR. R.B. BARLOW, EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR OF' THE TEXAS STATE PARK r,' ')ARD VISITED THE S I OUT QUE TO LACI. OF F'UNDS I TWAS NOT UE.VE.LC. PED I NTO A STATE PARI<:. I N JANUARY 1956 AN AQUALUNG EXPEDITION LED BY B06 EXPLORED LAKE ANC FOUND NO PROMISING LEACS. ANCIENT PICTURE OF SINKHOLE ENT RANCE SHOWiNG OLD CABLE RIGGING. PICTURE COURTESY OF ROSA DEE CLEMENTS. THROU G flOUT IT2 LONG HISTOny HAS H,II.D ONLY OI\:E FATALITY, THOUGL.; N U M EROUS PlIfH I '::8 Hi\Ve OECN TRAPPED I i : 1 -'-THROUG H LACI ( OF PROPER EQU I pr.1ENT. ASI\:ER JEFFERSON TOTTY KILLED I N THE LPKC R OOM WHEN THE CAG L E LADDER H E WAS O N DISLODGED A G OULDER CRUSHED HIS SKULL. Tor;: REFEREI'lCES: 1 ) EDITORIAL FIELD COpy r w B F. FEARS, F.W FROM F.C. B v;:1RS. BYRD PEAR CE HAMILTON, F. W (OCT. 2(, 1936 ) UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS ARCHIVES. "SPEDUI'lKERS E:< PLOF.E DEVILOS SINKHOLE B Y V'iILLIMIi I-'ELMER, THE VOL. 14, 2 ) No. 5 j':AY, 1956. (CONTINUED ON PAGE 72)

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PAGE 72 THE TEXAS CAVER, APRIL, 1965 3) PIONEERING IN SOUTII\\'EST TEXAS, TRUE STORI EO; OF EARL V DAV EXPERI ENCEG I N EDWARDS AND ADJOIN I NG COUNTIES, BV FRANK S. GI1AV, 191+9 4) "How THE DEVIL'S SINKHOLE FILM WAS MADE", THE N E WS, VOL. 2, No.1 5) "A.Y. OWENS SAYS DEVIL'S SINKHOLE COMMERCIALIZED", THE NEws, VOL. 8, No.5 1950 6) "MRS. AMrVlON BILLINGS" (OBITUARY) SAN ANGELO STANDARD TIMES, APRIL 8, 19Sh. 7) "DISCOVERER'S WIDOW RECALLS SHOOTING OF INDIANS NEAR BRINK BROUGHT CAVE FINe", SAN ANGELO STANDARD TIMES, AUGUST 14, 191+9. 8) TOI_BERT'S TEXAS, DALLAS tloRNING NEWS, FEBRUARY 13, 1956. 9) SAN ANGELO STANDARD TIMES, AUG. 14, 191';9; FEB. 5, 1947; FEB. 18, 1956; FEB. 1, 19.56. 10) DAILY OKLAHOMAN, APRIL 2, 1950. 11) "BoY SCOUT DIES IN ROCKSPRINGS CAVL: ACCIDENT", SAN ANGELO STANDAPD TIMES, SEPTEMBER 5, 1960 12) SAN ANTONIO EXPRESS, SUNDAY FEU 9, 1947 13) "FATAL ACCIDENT AT DEVIL'::; SUJI
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THE TEXAS CAVER, APRIL, 1965 PAGE 73 WAS 1ST DAS? Das ist ein schpelunker, nein? Er exploren die sinkenhohlen. II II II II II II II II II Er hat einen hugen ball of twine, II II Und er hat eine wilden goalen. II II II Er dressen in sein cover-ups red II II Und hat ein tempermental licht. II II (Es sitzen on harden hut on sein head II Und es Ilit::ht inuner very bricht.) Er waden through ein freezen pool Und dropen offen einen ledge. Er ist namen einen fool Fuhr ever gehen uber die edge. Er finden many caven critter Und scaren hundert batten. Er crawl en through das guano litter Until er schmellen ratten. Er squeezen through ein crawlway out Und mit sein gear. Und a l l who see him, mit great doubt, Cry, Ach! Was ist das hier? II II II II II II II II II !I II I I II II II II II II II II Ii II II II II I I II II II II FERN DAVIS II ABILENE CHRISTIAN COLLEGE II As I LENE, TEXAS II A !4.Df, {:.!h :tk 1. It 2.7) tI.t jet tC'l .wt:4.. .;;t 3. H elk C'1-U>f<. 4. It I4c4 :.". /,t t:.d..w:.#. t.dt C'I W .w.;;ti. :tk i.e U<."1<. :tk /t..,...ct. KN>4 w!.<. :'-1-tk EoW -W -U'WI-<-lcor +-Uk).. -ct '1Cf'<-. EoWi:.K --T:.<.:.i4c ct T A ... -CW 'ICf<-4 WI-A(,.tc--wi4tt. ) E"",J<;;.. T:.<. twc tc<;."tt.4. T:.<. "Belaying the Leader"; TheSierraClub; San Francisco; 1956. 2 "Useful Knots"; Plymcuth Cordage Co ; Plymouth, Mass ; 1946. CONTINUED ON BACK COVER

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PAGE 74 THE TEXAS CAVER, APRIL, 1965 1965 T. S.A. CONVENTION ... .. SUCCESS IS THE WORD! WHEN CHAIRMAN PETE LINDSLEY CALLED THE BOARD OF GOVERNORS Tn ORDER, THERE BEGAN AN ENJOYABLE CHAIN OF EVENTS THAT CULMINATED IN ONE OF THE BEST CONVENTIONS EVER HELD. MANY CAVERS FROM SAN ANTONIO, ABILENE, LUBBOCK, ALPINE, AUSTIN, ALBUQUERQUE, FORT WORTH, GATESVILLE, AND SEVERAL OTHER BEGAN GATHERING AT THE SAN ANGELO COLLEGE LAKE HOUSE ON FRIDAY EVENING AND NIGHT, APRIL 2ND. IT WAS LIKE AN OLD HOMECOMING. "HI I" "How's CAVIN'," PEOPLE WOULD REACH FORTH A HAND IN WELCOME. "GEE, I HAVEN'T SEEN YOU SINCE THE POWELL'S CAVE PROJECT," SOMEONE ELSE WOULD SAY. THE CHAIRMAN OF THE CONVENTION WAS CARL KUNATH OF SAN ANGELO, AND HE WAS ABLY ASSISTED BV MEMBERS OF THE SAN ANGELO COLLEGE SPELEOLOGICA : L SOCIETY AND THEIR SPONSOR, MR. CHARLES KENNER. PLANS WERE LAID WELL, BUT A S IS THE USUAL AT SUCH GATHERINGS OF SPELUNKERS, MUST SESSIONS STARTED A WEE BIT LATE, AND SOME EXTENDED TWICE THEIR TIME. SUCH WAS THE ANNUAL GENERAL BUSINESS SESSION AND BOARD OF GOVERNORS. FIRST OF ALL, THE SCHOOL CAFETERIA WAS NOT WHOLLY PREPARED FOR SUCH A SLEW OF EARLY RI SERS. THE COUNT WAS NEAR 50 PERSONS EAT! NG BREAKFAST AND THE SERVING LINE WAS JUST A LITTLE HUNG Up. CONSEQUENTLY THE BOARD OF Gov ERNORS MEETING WAS HELD ABOUT 45 MINUTES LATE AND IN THE STUDENT CENTER THEATER INSTEAD OF THE CAFETERIA. TWENTV-FOUR PERSONS REPRESENTED NINE CLUBS AND GROTTOES, DISCUSSED SUCH MATTERS AS THE NEXT TSA PROJECT, LANDOWNER RELATIONS, AND THE ISSUANCE OF TSA CARDS. THE LATTER CAUSED A FEW MOMENTS OF MISUNDERSTANDING AND SOME TAKING OFF ON A TANGENT HERE AND ANOTHER THERE, BUT IN ALL THE MAJORITY OF REPRESENTATIVES VOTED TO ISSUE THE CARDS FOR PURPOSES OF PUBLIC RELATIONS, AND THE AUTHORIZATION OF THE CHAIRMAN TO APPOINT A COMMITTEE TO STUDY THE MATTER OF LANDOWNER RELATIONS AND THE GOOD WORD OF RESPONSIBLE TSA MEMBERS GETTING TO THE CAVE OWNERS THEMSELVES. THE WHOLE IDEA IS TO SEE IF SOMETHING CAN BE DONE TO KEEP THE CAVES OF TEXAS OPEN FOR SERIOUS AND RESPONSIBLE CAVE EXPLORERS. THE FORTHCOMING 1965 REGION PROJECT WAS PICKED FOR DEEP CAVE. THIS IS AN INTERESTING CAVE IN EDWARDS COUNTY WITH PLENTY OF AREAS AND A GOOD HARD ONE TO MAP. ITS COMPANION CAVES, PUNKIN AND BLOWHOLE, WILL UNDOUBTEDLY BE INTER ESTING TO THE BIOLOGISTS, AND GEOLOGISTS, AND THE METEOROLOGISTS. OTHER POSSIBILITIES WERE ENDLESS CAVE, NEW MEXICo, AND POWELL'S CAVE, SUGGESTED BY OTHERS AT THE MEET I NG. IN ALL 87 PERSONS REGISTERED. THIS WAS THE HIGHEST FIGURE SINCE THE (CONTINUED ON PAGE 76) I I III I II II II I II II II 11111 I I I 1111 II I I I 11111 III II II 1111 I II III I I 11I1I I111 I I I I 1111 III PICTURES: 1) SAN ANGELO COLLEGE STUDENT CENTER LOCATION OF 1965 TSA CONVENTION. 2) DEWAVNE DICKEV PRESENTS "GEo-BIOCHEMICAL REACTIONS RELATED TO SPELEOLOGV". 3) MIKE BUNDRANT PRESENTING "CAVE SAFETV". r-.bRNING SESSION OF CONVENTION. 5) CONVENTION CHAIRMAN, CARL KUNATH, GETS A SLIGHT REST AFTER LONG HOURS. OF CONVENTION PLANNING. 6) LEE SKINNER BEATEN SEVERELY ABOUT THE HEAD AND SHOULDERS I PICTURES BV GEORGE

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THE TEXAS CAVER, APRIL, 1965 PAGE 75

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rAGE 76 THE TEXAS CAVER, APRIL, 1965 ROCKSPRINGS CONVENTiON I N 1956. AFTER A 8RIEF WELCOM E FROM THE CITY BY ITS CITY MANAGER, DICK HOWARD, A MEM8ER OF THE COLLEGE'S PU8LIC RELATIONS DEPARTMENT, THE CROWD OF THEN A LONG COLCRFUL SLIDE SERIES ON CAVE WAS PRESENTED 8 Y PETE LINDSLEY. CUD FRANK, OF AUSTIN GAVE A SHORT, BUT QUITE INTERESTING TALK ON THE SEDIMENTS IN TEXAS CAVES. TliE AFTERNOON SESSION BEGAN A LITTLE LATE, AND THE FIRST PART OF THE PROGRAM W AS A SLIDE CAVE CONSERVATION, PRESENTED BY THE ABILENE GROTTO. THIS WAS FOLLCWED 8 Y CHUCf< LAf
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THE TEXAS CAVER, APRIL, 1965 PAGE 77

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PAGE 78 THE TEXAS CAVER, APRI L, 1965 CONVENTION OF 1965. THE FOLLOWING PERSONS SHOULD DE DULY RECOGNIZED FOR THEIR EFFORTS IN MAKING THE CONVENTION THE SUCCESS IT WAS: FIRST TO THE SALON JUDGES GO OUR SPECIAL THANKS; A WORD OF THANKS TO NORMAN ROBINSON FOR SELLING PUBLICATIONS, AND TO JIMMV RAV FOR SELLING "YE OLDE HISTORV", "THERE WE WUZ", AND A GUIDE TO THE CAVES OF TEXAS". ALSO, THANKS TO THE TWO HARD WORKING ABILENE STUDENTS, BOYD AND FeRN DAVIS FOR MANNING THE REGISTRATION DESK. THERE ARE MAN V OTHERS, TOO NUMEROUS TO MENTION, SUT MOST OF ALL OUR HATS ARE OFF TO CARL KUNATH FOR HI S LONG HOURS OF PLANN I NG AND CORRESPOND lNG, AhlD FOR HI S MOST GENEROUS CIFT, THE PROCEEDS FROM THE SALE OF HIS WORK IN WRITING, A BRIEF AND COMPREHENSIVE HISTORV OF THE TEXAS REGION AND TSA, "YE OLDE HISTORV". IF YOU WERE NOT AT THE CONVENTION WE FEEL SORRY FOR YOU, FOR YOU HAVE MISSED A GREAT TIME. WE WILL BE LOOKING FORWARD TO SEEING YOU AT THE LABOR DAV TSA REGION PROJECT AT DEEP CAVE THE FOURTH OF SEPTEMBER! BV JIM ESTES, SPECIAL EVENTS EDITOR 111111111: 11111111111111111111111111111111-111111111111111111111111+11111111111 II JUDGES FOR THE 1965 TSA PHOTO SALON t,1R. JOHN MESSINA: OWNER AND OPERATOR OF MESSII\'A STUDIOS SINCE 1940. t.;1Er'/18ER OF THE PROFESSIONAL PHOTOGRAPHERS OF AMERICA, SOUTHWEST PHOTOGFlA?HERS ASSOCIATION, PAST PRESIDENT OF TEXAS PROFESSIONAL PHOTOGRAPHERS ASSOCIATION, MEMDER OF THE TEXAS INDUSTRIAL PHOTOGRAPHERS ASSOCIATION. MR. GEORGE DREWS: OWNER AND OPERATOR OF GEORGE DREWS STUDIOS, PAST COMMERCIAL PHOTOGRAPHER FOR SEARS-WARDS-SPIEGLE MAIL ORDER CATALOGUeS, PAST PRESIDENT OF PHOTOSCOPE, NOW SPECIALIZING IN COMMERCIAL PHOTOGRAPHV. t,t,R. W,LLIAM LANGLEY: FORTY YEARS ONE OF THE FOREMOST PHOTOGRAPHIC ILLUSTRATORS IN THE NATION, ASSOCIATE DIRECTOR OF SOUTHWESTERN PHOTOGRAPHIC ARTS INSTITUTE AND TEXAS COLLECE OF PHOTOGRAPHIC ARTS. THE COLOR TRANSPARENCIES ENTERED IN THIS YEAR'S TSA PHOTO SALON WERE JUDGED BV THE FMIOUS PHOTOGRAPHERS SCHOOL IN WESTPORT CONN. THE FACULTV OF THIS SCHOOL CONSISTS OF RICHARD AVEDON, RICHARD BEATTIE, JOSEPH COSTA, ARTHUR D'ARAZIEN, ALFRED EISENSTEDT, HARRV GARFIELD, HALSMAN, IRVING PENN, BERT STERN AND EZRA STOLLER. THE JUDGES WERE MR. ARTHUR GOLDSMITH, HEAD OF INSTRUCTION AND PAST EXECUTIVE EDITOR OF POPULAR PHOTOGRAPHY MAGAZINE, OBIE DAVIS, PHIL RONFOR, GARRV DURD I CI<, LEN PROVATO, JEFF CHARNOK, JEAN HOLLVMAN, TOM MAHNI
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THE TEXAS CAVER, APRIL, 1965 PAGE 79

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PAGE 80 THE TEXAS CAVER, APRIL, 1965 1965 tS.A. SALON WINNER'S GRAND PRIZE PR I NT: THE REO ROOM CARL KUNATH TRANSPARENCY: THE BIG ROOM, CARL KUNATH PR I NT OPEN CATEGORY 1ST -ENTRANCE, PETE LINDSLEV 2ND -THE OUTCAST, CARL KUNATH 3RD -WAR CLUBS, CARL KUNATH HM -BEYOND, TOM MEADOR SCIENTIFIC CATEGORY 1ST HANGERS ON, CARL KUNATH 2ND GYPSUM FLOWER, PETE LINDSLEV 3RD GYPSUM NEEDLES, PETE LINDSLEV HM EPsorMITE CRYSTALS, TOM MEADOR COLOR PRINT 1sT -THE GREAT CARL KUNATH 2ND REFLECTIONS, PETE LINDSLEV 3nD -BUTTERFLY, GEORGE GRAY H M -T W I N TOTEf.,1 S, JAMES ESTES HM HELICTITE HATCHET, PETE LINDSLEY COLOR TRANSPARENCIES OPEN CATEGORY 1ST -THE BIG ROOM, CARL KUNATH 2ND CRYSTAL BALL, PETE LINDSLEY 3RD -BAT FLIGHT, GEORGE YEARY DROPLETS, PETE LINDSLEY Hr" -THE 'v\oNDER ROOM CARL KUNATH -R I MSTON E POOL, cOWDEN CAMPBELL HM PETE'S LAKE, CARL KUNATH H M : A NGEL W I NGS, GEORGE YEARY SCIEl'JTIFIC CATEGORY 1ST S MALL FRY, CARL KUNATH 2ND TOf-/1 THUf.:E, ELBERT BASSHAM 3RD CRYSTALLINE RIMSTONE, PETE LINDSLEY H M GYPSUM FLOWER, PETE LINDSLEV ACTIVITY CATEGORY 1 S T ROPE E L B E R T BASSHAM 2 N D LAI(E ROOM ELDERT BASSHAM 3RD HALL OF WHITE GIAN TS, ELBERT B ASSHAM Hfli -LET NOTH I NG YOU 0 ISMAY, CARL KUNATH HM PORTRAIT OF A CAVER, PETE LINDSLEY + * * cor M N G EVENTS * * * + MAY 15-16: SOUTHWESTERN REGION REGIONAL MEETING. + ALAMOGORDO, NEW MEXICO + JUNE 12-20: NSS UNIVERSITY OF INDIANA + + + + + -:-BLOOMINGTON, INDIANA JUNE 27: TSA BOARD OF GOVERNORS MEETING AT CACTUS CAFE, SAN SABA, TE>:AS. SUNDAY 1:00 PM. SEPT. 4-6& 1965 TSA REGION DEEP CAVE, TEXAS. DETAILS TO BE ANNOUNCED. PLAN NOW TO ATTEND. EXPLORING, MAPPING, YOU NAME IT r + * FLASH * * + + + + IFLASH I THE SOUTHWESTERN CAVERS VOTED BEST APRIL FOOL JOKE FOR 1965 GET T H E APRIL ISSUE FOR 25 AT: 300 CARLISLE BLVD., N.E. ALBUQUERQUE, NEW MEXICO +* * * * * * WHILE YOU ARE ABOUT IT AND HAVE + YOUR MONEY OUT, SUBSCRIBE NOW TO: + THE TEXAS CAVER + ONLY $3.00 PER YEAR +

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TEXAS CAVER, APRIL, 1965 CAVER OF THE MONTH TOM M EADOR BECAME INTERESTED IN CAVING IN A N EVOLUTIONARY SORT OF FIRST, TOM PARTICIPATED IN SCOUTING DURII 'JG MOST OF HIS SCHOOL YE ARS AT ELDORADO AND BALLINGER, TEXAS. THEN THIS SCOUTING LED TO JUST PLAIN INTEREST AND ADVENTURE IN THE OUT-OF-DOORS. FINALLY, AFTER VISITING A FEW S M ALL WILD CAVES IN BANDERA COUNTY WITH FRIENDS TOM NOTIcED AN ARTICLE IN THE TEXAS ALMANAC ON THE CAVES OF TEXAS AND WROTE ITS AUTHOR, JAMES ESTES, I N ABILENE. THE LETTER CONTAINED AN INVITATION TO VISIT HIS RANCH NEAR ELDORADO AND HELP IN REMOVING SILT FROM A FILLED CAVE. FROM THEN ON, CAVING HAS B EEN THE FIRST WORD IN TOM'S MANY OUTDOOR ADVENTURES. (OR WOULD YOU CALL IT INDOOR?) TOM IS A WORLD SCOUT, M AKING A TRIP AROUND THE WORLD WiTH A GROUP OF OTHER 80Y SCOUTS SEVERAL YEARS AGO. HE I S ALS O A COLLECTOR, AND THIS RANGES FROM INDIAN WATER FLASKS TO ALMOST ANYTHING. FOSSILS, KNIVES, GUNS, ROCKS, BOOKS, YOU IT. HIS ROOM RESEMBLES A M USEU M Tm/l I S PERHAPS Rc.?!'"'orIlS I L3L E ;,lORE ANVONE ELse, I N DOING WORK I N SCHLEICHER COUNT Y HE HAS WRITTEN AN A RTICLE ON S INK O OTTOM TYPES OF THE COUNTY, WHICH WAS REPRODUCED FRO M ITS ORIGINAL, THE CAVER, I N THE SPELEO-OICEST. HE I S A W I DELY T R AVELLE D CAVER, MAKING NOT ONLY TRIPS TO M EXICO ['jUT TO THE S T A TE:S OF SOUTH DAf
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PAGE 82 THE TEXAS CAVER, APRIL, 1965 B.O.G. MEETING WHILE EVERYONE PRESENT AT THE SPRING BOG MEETING IN SAN ANGELO WOULD AGREE THAT A FOUR HOUR BUSINESS MEETING WAS TOO LONG, IT WAS A TESTIMONY TO THE INTEREST IN TSA THAT APPROXIMATELY 65 PEOPLE MAINTAINED A LIVELY DISCUSSION ON ALL ISSUES FOR THE ENTIRE TIME. ALAMO GROTTO REPORTED THAT AN ARTICLE ON THE PRESENTATION OF THE KEY TO THE CITY OF BUSTAMENTE HAD BEEN SUAMITTED AND WOULD APPEAR SOON IN THE NSS NEWS. DALLAS-FoRT WORTH GROTTO BROUGHT UP SOME OBJECTIONS TO RESOLUTIONS ON THE AGENDA OF THE APRIL 10 BOARD OF GOVERNORS MEETING OF NSS. AFTER DISCUSSION ALL GROTTOES AGREED TO SUPPORT THESE OBJECTIONS BY WRITING TO A NSS BOG MEMBER. A COpy OF THE TSA HISTORY WRITTEN BY CARL KUNATH WAS DISPLAYED AND THE GROUP APPROVED A MOTION TO REIMBURSE CARL FOR HIS EXPENSES IN PRINTING THIS BOOK. THE REST OF THE PROCEEDS WILL GO TO THE TSA TREASURY. PRESENTATIONS WERE MADE FOR DEEP CAVE, POWELL CAVE, AND ENDLESS CAVE AS SITES FOR THE 1965 REGION PROJECT. By ROLL-CALL VOTE DEEP CAVE, EDWARDS COUNTY, WAS CHOSEN. JIM ESTES WAS APPOINTED REPORTER FROM THE REGION TO THE NSS NEWS, AND A MOTION WAS PASSED TO CHANGE THE BOG MEETING FROM A BREAKFAST MEETING TO A LUNCHEON MEETING IN THE FUTURE SO THAT PEOPLE ARRIVING LATER IN THE MORNING COULD ATTEND. THERE WAS A LENGTHV DISCUSSION OF WHETHER TSA MEMBERSHIP CARDS SHOULD BE I SSUED I N AN ATTEMPT TO HELp KEEP TEXAS CAVES OPEN, AND I F SO HOW THI S SHOULD BE IMPLEMENTED. AFTER A MOTION, AMENDED MOTION, AND THE APPOINTING OF ORION KNOX AS PARLIAMENTARIAN TO UNRAVEL THE CONFUSION, A ROLL-CALL VOTE PASSED 13 TO 11 THAT THE CARDS BE ISSUED AND THAT A COMMITTEE BE SET UP TO TALK TO RANCHERS AND CONSULT A PU9LIC RELATIONS PERSON AND MAKE SUGGESTIONS ON THE BEST WAY TO PUT THE CARD SYSTEM INTO EFFECT. SINCE MUCH BUSINESS HAD NOT BEEN TOUCHED ON AND THE TIVlE LIMIT WAS REACHED, IT WAS AGREED THAT ANOTHER BOG MEETING WOULD HAVE TO BE CALLED FOR EARLV SUMMER. KATHERI NE GOODBAR, SECRETARV (CONVENTION ATTENDANCE LIST CONTINUED) MARK McDONALD, LORENA LUTHER BUNDRANT ALG MARGE F RANK UTG M IKE COLLINS UTG ROGER FIESELER DFWG JACK DELANGE BALG BOBBY THRASHER CCC MERVDITH TURNER UTG KATHERINE GOODBAR DFWG JIM GOODBAR DFWG JIM I.VEILER UTG EL BERT BASSHA M TPSS THOM A S BARNETTE RONALD FIESELER C x G DFWG IND. TOM M EADOR, ELDORADO IND. ROGER FIESELER DF W G DAVID LITSINGER ALG MIKE BALES CCC R08ERT SCHROEDER ,pss RALPH CARNEY UTG OLLENE BUNDRANT MICHAEL BUNDRANT BUD FRANK UTG LYNN COLLINS UTG JOE KOPEC CCC ALG ALG STANLEY KOPEC CCC HENRV LENGEFELD cce BLAIR GOODBAR DFWG ELLEN GOODBAR DFWG PHILLIP SCHIFFER T UTG CHARLES KENNER SACSS JOHN KENNY DxG DOUG BARNETTE DxG J I fv1 EVATT SANDIA MRS. T. C. MEADOR IND. ROGER FITZPATRICK DFWG SCOTT REEVES ecc BRYAN SMI TH IND. RICHARD BILLIREV IND. BILL RUSSELL UTG (CONTINUED ON PAGE 85)

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THE TEXAS CAVER, APRIL, 1965 PAGE 83 NEWS ABllEI\jE, N.S.S. fvbST MEMBERS OF THE ABILENE GROTTO, AND ALL ITS ACCOT;1PANIERS HAVE COMPLETED THE STANDARD AND ADVANCED FIRST AID COURSE AS THE MONTH DREW TO A CLOSE. IN ADDITION THREE MEMBERS COMPLETED THE FIRST AID INSTRUCTORS COURSE, GEORGE GRAV, JACQUE GRAV, AND DEWAVNE DICKEV. THIS WILL ASSURE THAT ALL M EMBERS IN DAVS TO COME WILL BE INSTRUCTED IN THIS IMPORTANT READINESS. No TRIPS HAVE BEEN MADE DURING THE MONTH FOR MOST OF THE TI.1E WAS TAKEN UP IN THE CRASH FIRST AID PROGRAM. THOSE MAKING THE CONVENTION IN SAN ANGELO WERE GEORGE AND JACQUE GRAV, JIM ESTES, DEWAVNE DICKEV, AND ACCOMPANIERS MARGIE BOVD AND FERN DAVIS. THE GROUP THOROUGHLY ENJOVED THE CONVENTION. ONE OF OUR M EMBERS, LEE FEEMSTER, IS TRANSFERRING TO MIDLAND. lEE IS EMPLOVED 8V TEXAS AND PACIFIC OIL COM PANY. WE CERTAINLY ARE DISAPPOINTED TO SEE HIM GO, BUT W IDLAND IS NOT TOO FAR, AND PERHAPS WE CAN STILL GET TOGETHER FOR SOME TRIPS IN THE FUTURE. THE GROTTO wiLL ENDEAVOR TO PLAN AND PROGRAM A WELL ORGANIZED REGION PROJECT AT DEEP CAVE COM E lABOR DAV W EEKEND. IT IS SEVERAL tvlONTHS OFF VET, HOWEVER, IT'S NEVER TOO EARLY TO LOOK FORWARD TO. GROTTO ADDRESS IS 2818 S. 39TH ST., ABILENE, TEX. ALAtvO GROTTO, N.S.S. t,1ARCH 4 PUOLIC MEETING AT THE WITTE IN SAN A N TONIO B ROUGH T A GOOD TURNOUT OF LOCAL CAVE E NTHUSIASTS WHO SAT THROUGH T w O AND A HALF HOURS OF TALKS A N D SLIDES. t/JANV LEFT THEIR NAM ES TO B E CONTACTED FOR FUTURE MEETINGS AND TRIPS SO OUR EFFORTS WERE NOT IN VAIN. A NEW PROBLEM HAS CROPPED UP FROM AN OLD SOURCE THE TREASURE OF EMPEROR t 'AAXIMI LI AN OF CO HAS BEEN REPORTED TO BE IN ONE OF THE PEcos-RIO GRANDE AREA CAVES, SO THE LANDOWNERS ARE FRETTING OVER WHO MIGHT GET IT. OUR GROTTO POLICV IS TO LEAVE ALL TREASURE FOUND I N CAVES ON THE RANCHER'S PORCH WHEN WE RETURN THE GATE KEV, BUT THIS MAV NOT SATISFV SOME SUSPICIOUS TVPES. OUR MEMBERSHIP CHAIRMAN, DAVE liTSINGER, TAKES HIS JOB VERY SERIOUSLV. HE BROUGHT BOTH HIS PARENTS AND HIS TWO GRANDMOTHERS TO A COOK-OUT SOCIAL AT THE BUNDRANTS AND THEN ON A CAVING TRIP THE NEXT DAV. DAVE'S M O THER A N D BILL OWEN'S M OTHER BOTH TURNED OUT TO BE INTERESTED AND AGILE CAVERS A 8 LE AND WILLING TO CLA M BER ABOUT IN BOTH ROMPEL'S AND LITTLE GEM. THE GRAND M OTHERS REGRETFULLV ABSTAINED FROM ACTUAL SPELUNKING. Now IF DAVE WILL 6ROADEN HIS FIELD A BIT OUTSIDE OF IMMEDIATE FAMILV MEMBERS OF THE CURRENT CAVERS WE ARE LIKELV TO HAVE QUITE A FEW NEW MEMBERS SOON. I HAVE BEEN BACK TO GUATEMALA AGAIN AND ALL ACROSS MEXICO WITHOUT SEEING ANV OF THE WONDERFUL CAVES KNOWN IN THESE COUNTRIES, BUT I CAN SURE GIVE A LOT OF ADVICE ON ROADS, HOTELS, FOOD AND PAPER WORK TO ANYONE HEADING 2,000 MILES DOWN THE PANAM HIGHWAV: FLY. BILL GRAV, REPORTER SAlCONES GROTTO, N.S.S. THE CAVING ACTIVITY OF THE BALOONES GROTTO INCREASED CONSI DERABLV THI S PAST MONTH. TOMMV fI.'CGARRIGLE, ROD MATE.JOWSKV, AND DEXTER HILL E X PLORED lOST GOLD CAVE, WHICH IS NEAR lAUBACK CAVE AND IS APPROXIMATELV 500 FT. OF W ALKING PASSAGE, UP A N D DOWN STREAM. IT EVEN OOASTS SOME LIVE FORMATION S JACK DELANGE Corl1BINED AN AI R PLANE TRIP, CANOE TRIP AND SPELUNKING. HE FLE\'; TO t V:1 SSOURI AND W HI L E THERE EXPLORED POWDER LL CAVE, PEDERSON'S FOLLV, AND ONYX CAVE. POW DER iAI LL WAS THE MOST I NTEREST I NG OF THE THREE. JACK WENT FOUR HOURS INTO IT WITHOUT RUNNING OUT OF CAVE. M OST OF THIS CAVE IS HORIZONTAL WITH A STREAM THAT IS NECK DEEP MUCH OF THE TIME AND HAS SEVERAL WATERFALLS IN IT, THE HIGH E ST OF WHICH IS EIGHT FEET. A SAFARI INTO M EXICO FOR THE PURPOSE OF MAKING A ROAD LOG W AS MADE O V TOM MCGARRIGLE, JACK DELANGE, BILL RUSSELL, ET AL. C A VES VISITED WERE CUEVA DE CARRIZAL AND lA GRUTTA DE PALMITO. NOEL ROEBUCK FOLLOWED UP SOM E LEADS IN lEAKEV, TEXAS, SOM E OF WHICH HAVE SOME MORE WORK TO BE DONE IN THEM. SO FAR NOTHING SPECTACULAR HAS BEEN UNCOVERED. GROTTO ADDRESS: STAR ROUTE A, Box 87), AUSTIN, TEXAS

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PAGE 84 THE TEXAS CAVER, APRIL, 1965 DALLAS-FORT \'IORTH GROTTO, N. S. S. ON MARCH 12, T'AO CARLOADS OF DALLAS-FoRT WORTH CAVERS STARTED ON A WEEKEND TRIP TO A SOUTHWESTERN REGION MEETING AT FORT STANTON CAVE, NEW MEXICO. LEE SKINNER, PETE LINDSLEV, AND GLENN PENSE MET TOM MEADOR AT ROBV. JOHN COCHRAN, RONNIE HVDE, RONALD FIESSELER, AND ROGER FIESELER HAD ABOUT AN HOUR EARLIER. ON SATURDAV MORNING, GROUPS DISPERSED FOR VARIOUS PARTS OF THE CAVE: SNOWFLAKE PASSAGE, THE HALL OF VELVET, AND RUSSELL'S CRAWL. THAT EVENING, A BANQUET WAS HELD AT THE RANCHMAN'S CAFE IN CAPITAN, FOLLOWED BV A BUSINESS MEETING OF THE SOUTHWESTERN REGION. THE NEXT WEEKEND FOUND PETE LINDSLEV, JACK BURCH, CHUCK LARSEN, AND OTHERS DRIFTING DOWN THE RIO GRANDE AT BIG BEND NATIONAL PARK. THE GROUP TOOK MANV SLIDES AND MOVIES OF THEIR EXPEDITION. ON APRIL 3-4 WE WERE WELL REPRESENTED AT THE ANNUAL TSA CONVENTION, HELD AT SAN ANGELO, TEXAS. OUR GROTTO EXTENDS ITS APPRECIATION TO CARL KUNATH FOR A J08 WELL DONE. GROTTO MEETING: 4TH THURSDAV OF EVERV MONTH, ROOM 103, CARPENTER HALL, UNIVERSITV OF DALLAS, IRVING, TEXAS. GROTTO ADDRESS: P.O. Box 28, RICHARDSON, TEXAS UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS GROTTO, N.S.S. SEVERAL TRIPS HAVE BEEN MADE TO THE KENDALL COUNTY AREA THIS MONTH FOR THE T.S.S. MERVDITH TURNER HAS LEO SEVERAL TRIPS. DAVID McKENZIE, GARV WILLMAN, JAMES REDDELL, AND JOHN FISH LOCATED SEVERAL CAVE LEADS ON 6, AND EXPLORED THE PRISSAL RANCH WATER CAVE FOR A80UT ONE-HALF MILE AS WELL AS A FEW SMALLER CAVES. ON MARCH 13, 14, TERRV RAINES, NEAL PRESCOTT, CHARLES LOVING, RICHARD SMITH, AND EDWARD ALEXANDER LOCA' TED SEVERAL NEW CAVES IN THE KERRVILLE AREA. A TRIP TO COLLECT LJATS WAS MADE TO CARIZAL BV EIGHT PEOPLE IN TERRV RAINES' TRUCK. A SIPHON WAS EXPLORED AND A LARGE ROOM FOUND ON THE OTHER SIDE. RICHARD SMITH AND JOHN RESINGER ACCOfV1PANIED THE EXPEDITION TO LAREDO WHERE THEV CAUGHT DUSES TO THE XILITLA AREA. SEVERAL PITS WERE FOUND. JAMES REDDELL AND BOB MITCHELL HAVE FINISHED THEIR WORK ON A NEW SPECIES OF BLIND CAVE SALAil1ANDER. J.R. WILL PRESENT A PAPER TO THE REGIONAL CONVENTION. EVERVONE IS NOW ANXIOUSLV AWAITING THE EASTER BREAK FOR RETURN TRIPS TO TLAMAVA, JOVADE SOLAS, AND OTHER PLACES. INDIVIDUAL MEMBERS AND THE GROTTO RECENTLV SENT OFT A LARGE ORDER FOR ROPE. GROTTO ADDRESS: P.O. Box 7672, U.T. STATION, AUSTIN, TEXAS CORYELL COUNTY CAVERS, CORVELL COU;\JTV CAVERS MET tv1ARCH 18, AND ELECTED NEW OFFI CERS. THEV ARE: JOE KOPEC CHAIRMAN; SCOTT REEVE SECRETARV TREASURER; AND MIKE BALES QUARTERMASTEH. SCOTT REEVE, JOE KOPEC, STANLEV KOPEC, AND WAVNE LANGFORD MADE A TRIP OUT TO CORVELL CITV TO THE NEWELL BATES FARM TO LOOK FOR A CAVE IN WHICH SOlliE DRAFT DODGERS HI D DUR I NG WORLD WAR I. THE CAVE HAS 8EEN LOST FOR SOME TWENTV VEAF
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TEXAS CAVER, APRIL, 1965 PAGE 85 BURKE, AND HARRIS ARMSTRONG FOUND A CORNERS AND RED HOUSE CAVES AND REX LEADS IN THE THREE MILE CAVE AREA. SMALL NEW CAVE WHILE ON A TRIP TO FOUR SHEPPERD AND MR. GOTTWALD FOUND SOME NEW WE ARE LOOKING FORWARD TO THE TSA MEETING NEXT WEEKEND. GROTTO ADDRESS: K A Box, SOUTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY, GEORGETOWN, TEXAS TRANS-PECOS SPELEOLOGICAL SOCIETY, IN THE MONTH OF FEBRUARY ONE MAJOR CAVING TRIP WAS MADE BY R. C. SCHROEDER, E. BASSHAM, B. TERREL, W. FREESEN, AND F. LICHNOVSKY TO 400 FOOT CAVE IN THE GLASS MoUNTAINS. DUE TO LACK OF TIME ONLY HALF OF WHAT WAS EXPLQRED WAS MAPPED. THE GROUP WAS IN THE CAVE FOR 22 HOURS AND MAPPED 2,002 FEET TO A DEPTH OF '312 FEET FROM THE ENTRANCE. SEVERAL MEMBERS WENT TO VARIOUS MINES IN THE AREA DOTH IN FEBRUARY AND MARCH. ALSO, IN MARCH A TR I P WAS MADE TO THE HESS RANCH I N THE GLASS MoUNTAI NS. HOWEVER, THE CAVE THAT THE FOREMAN TOLD THE GROUP ABOUT WAS NOT LOCATED. ONE SMALL BREAKDOWN FILLED FISSURE WAS FOUND ON A FAULT LINE. FUTURE TRIPS ARE IN THE PLANNING FOR THE HESS RANCH AND THE ApPLE RANCH AREAS. GROTTO ADDRESS: OOX 361, SUL Ross STATE COLLEGE, ALPINE, TEXAS I NDEPENDENTS: THIS REPORT IS FROM A NEW GROUP IN SHAMROCK, TEXAS, CONSlsTtNG OF PAUL RANGE, DANNY HARRISON, H.L. WALDROP, ALLAN TURNIPSEEN, DAVID RANGE; AND PHILIP RANGE. "WE M APPED AND SURVEYED ALL WE COULD DURING THE CHRISTMAS (196h) HOLIDAYS AND HAVE COME UP WiTH SOME FAIRLY GOOD CAVES AND LOTS OF MAPS. \11E HAVE RUN I NTO ALL KI NOS OF PfW O LE IM; THAT N O DOOK EVE R TOLD US A O OUT. W E FOUND THAT S INCE THERE WARM WEATHER DURING THE HOLIDAYS, 80TH THe R ATTLESNAKES AND T H E CATS COt"E OUT OF THE CAVES, MAKING US VERY CAUTIOUS. N o ACCIDENTS THO W E EXPLORED ABOUT 15 GOOD CAVES AND REJECTED A BOUT TWICE THAT NUMOER 8ECAUSE OF SMALL NES S AND SNAKES. WE RAN I NTO AN INTERESTING PROA LE M WHICH COULD HAVE VERY COSTLY. FOLLOWING UP A LEAD ABOUT A VAST NUMBER OF CAVES O N ONE OF THE R ANCHES IN THE AREA, WE SECURED PER MISSION A N D LOCATED THE CAVES. W E FAILED TO NOTICE THE NUM BER OF GAS WELLS AROUND THE AREA. WELL, THE FIRST CAVE GAVE US NO TROUDLE, EXCEPT FOR AMtNOR CAVE-IN ( MUD). BUT THE SECO/ 'JO ONE WAS A GAS (NATURAL GAS) CAVE AND W E DIDN'T VEN THINK A 8 0UT IT! WE FOUND OUT PLENTY QUICK VJHEN I LI T M Y "FLAME THROWER"! THAT NIGHT A LOT OF US WENT TO CHURCH I You CAN IMAG INE! OUR SAFETY MEASURES AND RULES WERE SLIGHTLY CHANGED! W E NOW GIVE THE "GAS TEST" AND CARRY A S M ALL OXYGEN PACK. LAST SUNDAY WE WERE EXPLORING A CAVE AND CAME NEAR TO V lHAT ,I/E THOUGH T WAS THE END OF THE CAVE. I WENT AHEAD AND CALLED THE OTHERS WHEN I FOUND A LARG E ROOM. THERE W ERE ABOUT FIVE DIFFERENT TUNNELS TH/I T ENDED UP AS BLANKS EXCEPT ONE W H I CH V IAS VERY S MALL. I A ROCK P IC/ < AND /I1ADE T H E HOLE LARGER SO AS TO GET THROUGH. I MADE IT MINUS HALF W'Y CLOTHES AND FOUND A B IG ROOM AND ONE PINPOINT OF LIGHT. IT WOULC HAVE TAKEN QUITE A LOT OF EXPLOSIVES TO GET OUT THAT E N TRANCE! WHEN J GOT BACK TO THE HOLE AND S TARTED TO GO THROUGH, THE BIGGEST CAVE-IN STARTED THAT I HAVE EVER SEEN. IT TOOK A OOUT T w O HOURS TO DIG OUT AND ABOUT THREE HOURS TO GET OACK TO THE JEEP. W.OTHER'S ARE VERY FORGIVING, THANK GOODNESS, BUT GRAY HAIRS HAVE STARTED. PAUL RANGE (ED. NOTE: THE SHA MROCK CAVES SOUND LIKE FUN! HA!) ------------------------(CO N VENTION ATTENDANCE SROCKS SNYDER DFWG TRACY JOHNSON DFWG LIST CONTINUED) DANE PEARSON IND. PHILLIP WINSBOROUGH UTG ROD ERT B ENNETT DFWG JAMES R E DDELL UTG DAN CIPRIANI IND. BUTCH CONNERS SACSS JIM & CONRAD SPEECE IND. SUZAN N E FOW LER TTSS 60B WILLIS SANDIA PETE LINDSL E Y DFWG PAT CHEATHAM SACSS CHUCK LARSEN DFWG JACK SMITH SACSS FRANCIS COM PTON TTSS PAT CORCACK SACSS JOHN TALLY BXG CARL JOHNSON ANN WILLIS ORION KNOX DFWG SANDIA UTG NORMAN ROBI NSON DF\VG RICHARD SMITH UTG JON VINSON SACSS JOE COMPTON TTSS PHILIP TENRET SACSS LEONARD CLARK 8xG

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THE TEXAS CAVER 4612 WATAUG' A ROAD DALLAS, TEXAS 75209 OFFICIAL PUBLICATIQN OF THE TEXAS SPELEOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION NATIONAL SPELEOLOGICAL SOCIETY RETURN POST AGE GUARANTEED TO: + + + + + + +-; +.;:. +R,:,+ + + + + + + + + + +1,+ + + + + + + + + + + + LOST Tk R.q.<.. k ft-v4-. ik tc.. "lk II "tt-w.J.' c( t.{c... 9 TRANSI STOR AM-FM .fNn(. I RADIO "SHAW" AT THE E1I4--.:.t..kw, {eu-+-'IC(-<" LAKEHOUSE SAT. NIGHT M1:.:tt -#:.tt .6"k,i1.cl'/. 14 Cl 7)'1-1.0. tk cf4., C1'< 0:.1, ctt.v.. 'UJlv% /,t {um-AU. 'IAf'" tkw. 'I cf4 J..otJJ N1I4 &. 1:tcuJ 5(>tN: :NEVER. M1d1t. NEVER. N EVE R. #tn.t NM '/.{>CA.').a t..u. i Cl N M 7)'1

Description
Contents: Last trip to
an old cave / James Jasek --
Map of Schertz Cibolo Cave --
Little "38" / Elbert Bassham --
Map of Little "38" mine --
A brief history of the Devil's Sinkhole / Tom Meador --
A letter from the convention chairman --
Was ist das? / Fern David --
Knots for cavers: a new series / George Gray --
1965 convention: success is the word / James Estes --
Judges for the 1965 TSA photo salon --
1965 TSA salon winners --
Caver of the Month --
1965 TSA convention attendance list --
Report on spring BOG meeting / Katherine Goodbar --
Grotto News.