The Texas Caver

Citation
The Texas Caver

Material Information

Title:
The Texas Caver
Series Title:
The Texas Caver
Creator:
Texas Speleological Association
Publisher:
Texas Speleological Association
Publication Date:
Language:
English

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Regional Speleology ( local )
Technical Speleology ( local )
Genre:
Newsletter
serial ( sobekcm )
Location:
United States

Notes

General Note:
Contents: Dry Cave, New Mexico / Lee Skinner and Pete Lindsley -- Project Dry Pot - Stage 11 -- A tentative hypothesis on the origin of Dry Cave, New Mexico / Jack C. Hamm -- Bone deposits found in Dry Cave -- Tips for the beginner / Bob Wood -- Caving courtesy / Ollene Bundrant -- On determining the depth of pits by audio methods / Carl Kunath -- Project Deep plans take shape / Jim Estes -- The fine art and technique of eyeboiling / Tom Meador -- Cave sediments / Ruben M. Frank -- Photo tips / Carl Kunath -- Back issues of The Texas Caver in stock -- Grotto news.
Restriction:
Open Access - Permission by Publisher
Original Version:
Vol. 10, no. 6 (1965)
General Note:
See Extended description for more information.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
K26-04489 ( USFLDC DOI )
k26.4489 ( USFLDC Handle )
10648 ( karstportal - original NodeID )
0040-4233 ( ISSN )

USFLDC Membership

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Added automatically
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serial

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7.5 3i:TEXAS "A. CA VER

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VOLUME X .NUMBER 69 JUNE\) 196.5 JACK WHDTE CAREFULLV INSPECTS THESE LONG SODA STRAWS IN A TEXAS CAVEo (NIKON F, IN 0=76). PHOTOGRAPH B V CARL KUNATHo P AGE 1 07 DRY CAVE9 NEW MEXUCO 8V LEE SKDNNER AND PETE LINDSLE V DRV POT = STAGE 11 111 A TENuATUVE HVPOTHESU, ,s ON THE ORUGON OF DRV CAVE\) NEW MEXOCO B V JACK Co HAMM 112 BONE DEPOSOTS FOUND IN DRV CAVE THPS FOR THE BEGONNER B V B08 WOOD CAVDNG COURT ESY BV OLLENE BUNDRANT 11 6 ON DETERMONONG THE DEPTH OF POTS BV AUDIO METHODS 8'11' CARL KUNATH DEEP PLANS TAKE SHAPE 8'11' JOM ESTES 1 18 THE FONE ART AND TECHNOQUE OF E YEBOOLONG BV TOM MEADOR 1 2 0 CAV E SEDOMENTS 8'11' RUBEN Mo FRANK .1. 2 0 1 21 BJI. cK i 8 -' ':'; ('w THE TEXAS CAVER N STOCK 122 GROTTO NEWS THE TEXAS CAVER os IA MONTHLV PUBLiCATiON OF THE TEXAS SPELEOLOGOCAII... ASSOCOATION A N D OS IN TEXAS. SUBSCRIP TION OS $3000 PER VEAR FOR 1 2 OSSUESo M ATEROAL FOR P U 8LHCAn'UON SHOUL D BE TVPED DOUBLE= SPACED AND SENT TO THE EDO'iJ'OR NO LA"!!'ER 'If HAN THE 1 81' OF EACH MONT H OF 'SSUEo ASSOSTANT ED!TQ R======= GROTTO NEWS ED8TOR===== PHOTO Tups CURRENT EVENTS LOTHOGRAPHER======== === PETE LONDSLE V CHUOK LARSEN KATHERHNE NORMAN R OBONSON BERT O LSEN C ARL KUNATH JOM ESTES BRVANT l 0 V OFFICERS OF THE TE XAS ASSOCIATiON FOR THE CURRENT YEAR ARE8 _ = ==_= VaCE SECRET .ARV TREASURER==== PETE LOND8LE V CARL KUNATH KATHERONE GOODBA R 6621 SUNNVLAND LANE D A LLAS9 TEX A S 7 .52 1 4

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P AGE DRY CAVE, NEW MEXICO HAVE KNOWN DRY C.iWE\) SIN, C E I VISIT,ED iT TWO YEARS A S A 8MAr=1'." M # ,ZE ':;OI\j'if,lUNGNG NO'THI N G BUT ONE SHORT WALKING PASSAGES) AND A NETWORK OF VEF( V 'OW O RA.WL.WA S o THI S WAS WHAT i WAS TOIbD IT CONTAI'NED B Y A COU P L E orr ,PRIk, S BP-,O Ci,,"ERS9 AND THA T W A S ALL THAT J.a,CK HAMM AND FOUNDo i EVEN WENt Bfo.t')" T O P...OOK ftT ENTRANCE A COUP L E OF TIMES, THERE WERE FDR 8 0(1 0 C AVE HERE!! IF t)NL"f THERE WERE A WAY DOWN TO. A LOWER I'.;EVEL, S UCH A S HOSE ENOLE8S9 AND McKa'TTR-eiCK CAVESo THESE OTHER CAVES ARE LOCAl'ED ON T H E :.-.31' SIDE OF MCKITT R 9CI< HILL AND DRV CAVE IS LOCATED IN A SM AI!.,LER HIl.1l WHiCH CONNECTS WOTH McKoTTR CCK HILL BV MEANS OF A S ADDLE. THEN ANDV K OM E N S K'V' (CARL SBJI ,D) MENTDONED TO ME A FEW WEEK8 AGO THAt' J O M P ECK H,>,'J PUSHED ONE OBVIOUS CRAWLWAY = AND APPARENTLVj THE ON!'.,.'{ NE u HAD F,c P"E D 'TO G O D OWN THAT LED T O THE BALCONV OVER A LARGE ROOM H E HAO FOUND A .ur OF \/iRGON MJ:I,ZE CAVE BEYOND o I CALLED JIM AND ASKED HiM FOR DORECTOONS TO iHi 3 NEW WHU CH HE HAD FOUND LAST NOVEMBER. THE BALCONY ROOM s AND THE R OOM BE"fO NO 10'9 WERE NOT VURG8N, HE SAIDj BUT JUST ABO T EVER"tf"fHUNG BE"fOND f --lESE ROOMS WAS V I RG I N S o PETE LARRY REGISTER\) TOM MEADORj AND M YSELF WENT T O TAKE OOK A'r THE C V E ON MAY 16 = 17 AFTER S URVEYiNG THE "OLD!! SECTHON WE S T6i. R l'n::O I e r .,,00K FOR THE ROOM9 FINDING IT WITHOUT AN TROUBI,E. WE D ElCO JED TO SC._IT HERE FOR A B .UT TWO AND A HAL F HOURS9 AS WE WERE SUPPOSED 7 0 MEE" f JiM P Eet,< HiS CREW A ROUND 4:00 P.M. LARR Y AND PETE CHECKED PASSAGES THE ."_ . OF THE BAIk,COWf ROOM, WHiLE TOM AND i CHECKED A PROMISING LOOKDNG Mt.ZE THE B OULDER R O OM o T O M AND i MADE TWO TRIPS BEYOND THE BOULDER R OO M IN SHORT TIME!; BUT WE IrOUND VERY L ITTLE '\fIRGUN CAVE A S WE STA"fEO 8 N H E M OSO' ( .8'.,.lOUS PASSAGESo F'o RST 9 WE FOUND A ION AREA9 Wi TH MAN V WET HEc.. IC:TITS9 SiO',L> 3' : 8 9 STALAGMiTES$)' AND FLOWSTONE'a ON OliR SECO'N'O 'li EN "ftJR E g W E i OCll TED S OME F ROMi SONG P"'OOK!NG DOMES THAT LED TO AN UPPER L E VEl!.. AND li. F'O" f THJl>.T TO' A l.OWER LEVELo WE THEN WENT BACK TO THE BALCONY ROOM W A HED FOR P':: 1 'E:9 AND JIM PECKa PE.T E AND L!l,RR'1I' RETURNED S HORTLY, BUT JUM DIDNOT ARRIV E A T THE S CriEDU bED TGM E o rOM ,,,,N O I TOOK PETE AND LARRY O VER TO THE PBT WE FOUNDo WE H A D L A DDER JI.ND l'<' 1"1:::, Bur OECIDED TO THE PASSAGE WE WERE aN, A BIT FURTHER BEFORE G THE THE PASSA G t' :;:UUCED ITSELF SHORTLV T O A S O N O B ODV M'Ir'SE!'.,.F ""IS'-jEO 1T'O F'URTHEI'" RE iT R OGHT NOW. W ASN'f VURGIN. DECODED '[0' 0f-1ECK 1 0 B:, F'lIRTHER B Y M '?SELF' AND SHORTLV CAME TO A CHUMNE ABc VT 40 FEET i C AME T O GE:' T THE AS THE CH I MNEV Mi GH T GET DOWN 0 0 THE SAME R.,EVEr_ r:e: eo,,:, .>l,N D PERHAPS WOU L D REQUIRE NO ROGGiNG. TOM ;!I,ND WERE ABOU I Oll,. OF WATER!ij SO WE DECIDED TO IL,EAVE 'fHE C.0 V E F e .+Q)Wo Po'" N D LARR Y IOl!fCVDED T C Hi::O K THE CHIMNEY AND SAID THAT THE'\I' IJIJOtiP"'D B E TOlO) S'-iORTl,Y!! 0 W HF.:!\1 TOM GOT BACK 1'0 THE QAR9 WE FOUND .. I i -1 PECor.<: AND WJ\.S READ Y TO GO UNTO THE CAVE. HE MENT IONED a lHAT HE W ISHEIJ ' ) HECI< rOUT A DRY STREA M PASSAGE 'THAT LED OFF THE BOTTOM OF T H E PIT TH"W PE' E a,'l/O L.a RR'f H A D GONE DOWN o HE MENT IONED THAT THE STREA M BED P;il ,SSAGE WIAS VER"f lEN S I V E9 AND KEPT RUNNING INTO LARGER ROOMSD B U T HE H A D N E VER q(PCHED THE E NDo JIM WAVED GODDBYg AND HE AND HIS TOOK F R C A V E a 1,'1 H A D NOW BEE;\, THREE HOllRS SINCE WE H A D COME OUT\) AND STOILL NO SIGN OF PETE IA [) Lll,RR y'", 11' WAS HEAVll,"f\l AND WE DECIDED THJI, T THEY WERE TA,r< I W SI-'El.,"i"ER I N : '4[ St;:' fERAL HOURS WE WERE AWAKENED WHEN PE'V;;:: AND lP.RR'If S H O WED

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PAGE 10 8 THE TEXAS CAVERt JUNE, 1965 U P W ITH A WILD BUT TRU E TAL E O F THE IR E X PLORATIONS A C L OSER LOOK AT THE CHIMNEY INDICATED THAT THE FISSURE COULD BE C L IMBE D AT ONE E N D TH E FISSURE WAS ABOUT 40 FEET LONG AND 40 FEET DEEP, EXTENDING A B OVE THE PASSAGE" FOR APPROXIMATELY 30 FEET WITH THE POSSIBILITY OF UPPER LEVEL S A.s S O N A S THEY HIT THE BOTTOM OF THE "40 FOOT CHIMNE V 9 LARR Y AND P ETE FC' U "!D TH E Y WERE I VIRGIN P ASSAGE. AVERAGE P ASSA G E HEIGHT IN A MULTI-LE V E L MAZE WAS 5 P EET H 4DIN G NORTHEA S T TUWARDS THE OTHE R CAVES IN THE SEVERAL ROOMS WERE FOUND AS THE E X P L ORERS PUSHE D THE NUMEROUS P ASSAGES. THE FIRST DUBBED THE "DALL AS P Al.ACE", WAS FIRST SEEN FROM A l.EDGE MIDWAY UP FROM THE FLOOR SOME 25 FEE'!" BELOWo ADDDT IONAL EQUiPM E N T A PPARENTL Y REQUIRED TO ENTER THIS 40 FOOT DIAMETER ROOM S O 'rHE TWO CAV ERS B Y P AS SED THE AREA ON THE UPPER MAZE LEVEL OVERLOOK 0 NG THE ROOM. NEX'T 0 I SCOVERED W/l, S THE "BAT ROOM" WI TH ABOUT TWO, PO. ZEN BAT S H ANG I NG FROM TH E CE I L I N G O VER A TREMENDOUS MOUND OF GUANO. SEVERAL FORMATIONS9 MOSTLY WERE !='OUND ,A.LONG THE P ERIMETER OF THE BAT ROOM. CROSSiNG THE ROOM" AND BY-PASSING A BOULDER CHOKE, LARRV AND P E T E FOUND T H E MSEL VES I N TH E V A ST CHAMBER" WiTH MANY PASSAGES LEADiNG FROM T4E ROOM A CHECK OF ONE P A SSAG E RESULTED F iNALLY IN A DEAD_ END. BACK TRACKING TOWARDS THE VAST CHAMBER, LARRY CLDMBED UP 15 FEET TO THE UPPER MAZE LEVE L THROUGH "LARRyDS PIT" FOl, l. O W I NG ANOTHER PASSAGE THE TWO SOON ENT ERED THE "HALF VAST CHAMBER" 0 STOPPING T O THEV DECIDED TO SPLOT UP AND QUICKL V CHECK TWO OF THE LARG = ES T L EADS. PETE C LiMBED DOWN THE "GUANO PiT" AND HEADED NORTHEAST I N THE LOWER M AZE LEVE L WHI L E LARRY HEADED NORTHEAST IN THE UPPER M AZE LEVEL MEETiNG BACK AT THE GUAN O PIT IT WAS DECIDED T O CHECK THE UPPER MAZE LEVE L F I RST o WALKI N G P A SSAGE REDUCED To, 4 FE. E ;r I N HEIGHT J!..N D ONE AREA WAS NAMED .l'HE .J'W INDOW ROOM"o CHANGiNG D I R ECTiO N S A GAIN I N THE U P PER MAZE LEVEL THE TWO C L IMBED DOWN A 1 5 FOOT PIT TO THE LOWER MA.ZE L EVEL. HEA D I N G NOR THEA ST F"OR SEVERAL HUNDRED F EE T FOUND THE PA l R Al' THE BASE O F A LARGE BREAKDOWN B LOCK. B v L OOKING UP AT A SLANT, MORE PASSAGE COUL D BE SEEN ON A LEVEL A BOVE SQUEE Z ING THROUGH A 20 FOOT VERTICAL CRAWLWAV BETWEEN BRE AKDOWN B LOCK AND THE WALL, L ARRY AND PET E FOUND THEMSELVES ON A LEDGE NEAR THE T O P OF" ANO THER l.ARGE R O V O THE WALLS OF THE ROOM S L OPED DOWNWARD L UKE A F !II\lN E L TO A D ARKNESS ON THE B O t >iVl" NG A S L I CK LEDGE ON THE THE TWO CAVERS REACHED A BREAKDOW' ... E' J"HU e H F"ORMED ONE OF THE "WALLS" OF THE ROOMo HEA D 0 NG DOWN THE LARR Y SUDDENL Y DISA PPEARED UP TO HBS BELT IN DARKNESS M O RE GUANO F I LLONG C RACKS BETWEEN BOULDERS. REACHONG THE BOTTOM OF THE CHAM8ER 9 "GUANO MINE #3" WAS THE TITL E PRESENTED TO THE DARKNESS OF THE FLOOR. WHILE STANDVNG STILL AT ONE SPOT ON THE LARR Y SUDDEN LY BEGAN FALLING DOWNWARD WAOViNG H a s ARMS MAO Y ON ALL D DRECT OONS. REGADNUNG HIS FOOTING AND MUTTERING SOMETHiNG LBKE "THO S ROOM D S TRYUI\iG TO MEt", LARRY FOL LOWED PETE BACK UP THE SLOPE T O THE TOP OF THE ROOMo NAMBNG 'THE ROOM THE "CHAMBER OF THE VANISH8NG FLOOR", LAR R Y AND PETE CHECKED SEVERA L HEADONG AND SOUTH. B v N O W OT WAS 9 g 3 0 P o M AND THE PAUR HAD BEEN ON THE CAV E FOR l1i HOURS. THE Y H A D ONLY ONE CANTEEN E ACH (NO WATER FOUND 8N THE CAVE) AND NO FOOD. OECODONG TO HEAD B ACK OUT "HEY CRAWLED BACK DOWN THE CRACK BETWEEN THE WALL AND THE BREAKDOWN B LOCK AND ENTERED THE MAZE LEVEL. A FTER HEADI N G SOUTHWEST DOWN THE OBVOO U S PASS= AGE FOR 200 FEET g THE Y CAME TO AN UNFAMVLOA R PIT GOING TO A LOWER L E VE Lo RE A LUZING T HAT THEV MUST HAVE TAKE N THE WRONG PASSAGE THEV HEADED BACK TO THE W N Bl.OCK. A CAREFUL SEARCH F OUND (J)! \lL V VIRGIN PASSAG E WITH!!2. FOOTPRINTSo THE AREA ONCE AGAIN F O R ANV SBGN OF HUMAN TRAVE L THEY FOUND ONLY A SET OF ANiMAL B O NES .o AN A NIMAL ALSO L OST MANY V EARS AGO. HEA DING SOUTH THE Y ENTERED A N OTHER SMALL CHAMBER WHICH A D JOINED THE OF THE VANHSHING F LOORo NAMED THE "LOST THE CHAMBER ENDED IN A 40 FOOT P D T WHiCH DROPPED T O BLACKNESS BE LOWo PASSING AROUND THE POT THE MAZE L E V E L TH E Y FOUND O N L Y M O RE VIRGON PASSAGE WITH SEVERAL PITS LEADING TO L EVELS BE LOWo NOT A FOOT = PR8NT COULD BE FOUND ON THE GUANO AND SAND. FOR ONCE THEV

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THE TEXAS CAVER, JUNEj 1965 PAGE 109 WERE THOROUGHL Y T iRED OF F!NDDNG ONLY VIRGIN PASSAGE. THE ONLY P A SSAGE THAT WAS NOT VIRGIN W A S THE ONL Y PASSAGE THAT WOULD QUDCKLY LEAD THE TWO BACK TO THE SURFACEooo.o"i'H E Y ALWAYS ENDED UP BACK AT THE BREAKDOWN BLOCKo SOMEHOW THAT BREAKDOWN BLOCK LOOKED D I FFERENT THE CRACK BETWEEN THE B L OCK AND THE WALL LOOKED LARGER. THERE WAS ANOTHER CRACK ON THE FLOOR BETWEEN THE WALL AND THE BLOCK A CRACK ALMOST TOO SMALL TO A LLOW PASSAGE OF A HUMAN BODY WENT DOWN THE CRACK AND ALMOST TURNED BACK BECAUSE OF THE SMALLNESS O F THE PASSAGE. FiNALLY AT THE BOTTOM OF THE CRACK. HE STUCK HUS HEAD U T iNTO THE LOWER MAZE LEVELo THERE WERE TRACKS! HERE WAS NOT-VIRGftN PASSAGE! A QUiCK CHECK SHOWED THAT THE L EDGE AROUND THE TOP OF THE CHAMBER OF THE VANISHING FLOOR WAS A C TUALLY ABOVE THE UPPER MAZE LEVEL. LARRY AND PETE HAD FIRST RETURNED TO THE U PPE R MAZE LEVEL INSTEAD OF THE LOWER MAZE LEVEL, SOME 15 FEET BELOWo MAKING THEIR WAY BACK TOWARDS THE THEY ZIG-ZAGGED THROUGH THE CHANGED LEVELS SEVERAL TIMES, AND RETRACED THEIR STEPS BACK THROUGH THE ROOMSo ARRIVING AT THE BOTTOM OF THE 40 FOOT CHIMNEY ABOUT 1900 THEY MET J!M BILL AND MIKE BRIGGS FROM CARLSBAD o THE CARLSBAD GROUP WERE T O PUSH A "DRY STREAM PASSAGE" THEY HAD FOUND ON A PREVIOU S TRIP9 BUT Q U ICKLY DECIDED TO CHECK THE AREA BEYOND THE DALLAS PALACE INSTEAD o THE CARLSBAD T R I O LATER REPORTED THEY ENTERED A SECOND "DRY STREAM PASSAGE" IN THE AREA OF THE DALLA S PALACE AND FOLLOWED IT FOR A DISTANCE AS THE PASSAGE BECAME LARGER AND W E T T ER. THEY EVEN FOUND A COUP L E OF SMALL RIMSTONE POOLS FILLED WITH WATER AN INCH (lR SO IN DEPTH o LARRY AND PETE MADE IT BACK TO THE ENTRANCE B V 2g00 A.M. II 14 HOURS AFTER THEY HAD L EF T FOR A "SHORT TRIP" INTO DRY CAVE. DRY CAVE MAY BEST BE DESCRIBED TO TEXAS CAVERS BY COMPARING IT TO POWE LLo S C .AVE. DRY CAVED S MAZE PASSAGE AVERAGES ABOUT TWO FEET HI GHER THAN THE POWELL O S MAZ,E. WHEREAS MOST OF POWELLO S CAVE I S LOCATED BETWEEN 20 AND 70 FEET UNDER THE DRY CAVE IS LOCATED BETWEEN 20 AND POSSiBLY AS MUCH AS 150 FEET BELOW THE ENTRANCE LEVEL THE DIRECT80N OF THE MAZE PASSAGES ON DRY CAVE DOES NOT FOLl .. O W THE SAME CRI SS=CROSS P A T TERN OF POWELL9 S CAVE, AND APPARENTL Y I S NOT CON= TR('!"'LED AS MUCH B Y tJ? i NTSo N o RUNN I NG STREAM PASSAGE HAS BEEN FOUND f E T I N DRY C A VE. IF DRY CAV ft} CONNECTED WBTH ANY OF THE OTHER CAVE S Y ST EMS UN MCK! TTRI CI< Hn .. '-.;,.'" vV ERAI,L LENGTH MAV APPROACH THAT OF POWELL S CAVE. FORMJI.TIONS /l.RE M ORE N UMEROU S THAN I N POWELL W S CAVE. + + + + + + C 0 M N G E V E N T Jl-' f\:E 27: TSA BOARD o IF" GOVERNORS MEET IN G A T CAe u s CAFE, SAN SABA9 TEX AS. SUNDAY 1 :00 PM SE:t::To 4 = 6: PRO J E C TO E E P 1965 TSA REG!ON PROJECT SEE P.l\GE 117 + S B Y LEE SKINNER AND PETE LiNDSL E Y + + + + + + + T E X A S REG ION SEPT. iNTERNATOONAL SPELEOLOGICAL CON V ENTION POSTOJNA, YUGOSLAVIA (NEAR ZAGREB) LOCATED IN NORTH THE CAVE WHICH WILL BE THE CENTER OF IN T EREST HAS A 20 KM RAILROAD R UNNIN G ON T OURSe RESERVATIONS: PROF BOHONEC, S P E LEO= L OGI CAL SOCI ETY; Po STO .lN.I\q ",'L'GC'SLAV 1.0,0 SAY CAVER! Do YOU HAVE A COpy OF "YE OLDE HI STORV" OR "THERE WE WAS" 11177111 O R HOW ABOUT A SUBSCR i PT I ON T O THE THE OR THE Alv1CS 7???1?1?1't??77? I F YOUR .A,NSWER IS "NOil TO ANY OF THE ABOVE, SEE THE TEXAS M t;,v9 p 1 00 +

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PAGE 110 PROJECT J)BY POf STAGE II EI:f'ER'1I'ONE KNEW T H J'\Ii "DR'IJ' Pcn" (CAVE) NOli EXTENSIV E o Bv.' T THE RIECENii o I,sCtiVERY 0F' ILA,RGE tlW 01JN u S 'OF '\f I RG I N !F"ASSAGE WAS ENOIlJGH IF'OR SEVERI,I'., MEMBERS 01F' THE O =FWG T U CANCEl'., TRBP' TO ARKJU\lSAS IN OF A SECOND TROP Till DR,\!, P 1' 9 NEW MEX I COo ijlF' 1i'II-iE '\i'O 'rlNG Jl,T THE !LAST' TSA BOG MEETI'NG IF'OR REGOON UOC;, (t ? ION W A S ,,",W ( INDIC .,\,'f I O N 9 VERY F EW TEXfo,S WERE UN T EIRESliED 8N n-iE 00 A N D AT A NU10 I C E W O lll"Ib D BE '\fER'' OilF'FiCaJlbT TO ()BTtUNo WE W ANoED F A G OO D POR'fI(N '(;,ROS THE ENTRANICi EIJ oHE EXPI1,ORY NG l'E A M HEADIED EAST t ND SO CJ'H1 0 DISCt)VEROE:S WERE T H E tllOST VA,I'.,E'\!''' ( A Il..A.RG!E: ROOM ,;>.'u I n-lE B O'f,OM Ol['" f"" PIT WHI C H iREQtHRE EQUIPMENT TO ENTER)!) "THE AoTI C liHIRD M d ,'ZIS ABOl'''!' 40 FEEIi ,A8I\J)V l'HE UPPER MAZE lEVlE1l.. SIOME VEIl..V E o F'(L.l)WSTONE lr(lJUN O I N THI S AREA )\) C&,NO ,HE "lOS T CHjt,SM" ( A SCALE "GRAND CAN'\!'ONn WHICH MA'V' BE ENTERED THRDUGH "RODGERO S CRAWL")o WBTH H AIl..F THE THE Il..EDGE" O VER THE FLOQR OF THE BALCONY ROOM ft.l\j D THE O'fHER lHfo, ll..F' c,,'. T ': -' E 200 ii='ClOT C R A W L DNS'iiEADt WE EMERGE D FROM DR-,' PlOT O NIl..'\!' TO Fii\D 'fH,il ,,. .NOTh'o, ; ':: ''':;'1'19 CARL Kli' -.lAT H9 H A D J)C>INED THE: RANKS O F oHE SHCRTP.,V FOLLOWING CAME THE SANDiA GRDoTO CAR FROM A L BUQUERQU E WOT H BOB WIP-Il..OS JOH N KAT't O N M A Y 30 WE GATHERED ROPE AND AND AGAON ENTERED D R Y POTo F URST O N THE A GENDfo, WAS P)i=tTHl2:R U ON OF THE D AIL,Il..A S PALACE o THE 25 1"'00"' DROP' TO THE f 'IL,OOR 1 ./1'" THE RO O M WAS R I G "e:o WO '!"H ONE HOWEVER NO PASSAGES COUL D B E FQ10)ND r""E:pD O NG F ROM "J'HDS F P : : .. B',r.)K 'l..'!'" T O THE MAZE L E 'If Elk. 0 THE: FURST MAPPDNG TS:) f l RE;ilUMED THEUR MAPPiNGS AND _c, :;;' : : M,"PPI I ,;t'; 'fEAM IN C OMBO NATOON WITH A N E XPIl..ORa: ;'ij:."I-: 'rEAM BACK TU THE CH0,3ER OF THE V ANUBHCNG FIl..ODR. As WE MAPPED BACK TO LOST V fl,f.-.I'....E'1" AND ',HE ATT i C WE R E .. L U ZED 't HJi:, "HE GRANO CAN Y O N I> THE CHAMS ER Of' THE V A N 0 SH 0 NG F I .. C,ti RjI T H E LeST A U "E:V9 T H E LOS T VAIl..I'.,E'f\) Jl,NO SCHJTH CHIMNEY WERE AI'...J\ .. A ,Il..O)[\1G A N O RTH= SOUTH LINE AND WER E SUMI"!k. E Nl'.,jl ,I?G EMEN'tT'8 '1TlHE 8,1O.ME F 'lSSUREo MAPPiNG D OWN TO A B A Il..CD N Y LEDGE D N A PUT9 WE ROGGED THE D RO P UNl'O THE THE 30 :)p,' D BNTO THE 20 :If, 7 5 if"{J)O'ii ROOM BROUlGHT us ,',: : D OW N n .OOR WnlH SEVER.A.L S I Il..l' lED VOS HBlblEo M ,a.N'IJ' SMALII.,'9 BRClKEN BONES 'W!::RE VISIBP-E DN VARi O U S Fj), R'J'S O F THE Rei M o (SEE uBONE DiE F'OSOTS F O:()mD O N D IR'If C':WE9i) PAGE 112) )1" MEMOPUAIb O",,"f$l M A RKED THE O F PRQloJlE(;, DR,\!, Pa:rt'1) STtio,'ZiE Cfo,VIE:RS F R O M ARI:Z:(\ INAl) N EW MEX BC09 ANO TEJI;.;i,S H A D OR,\!, CAVE NOW HMl TO 8 1 ;: t;;UN THE I R HO M EW S ,",,-O >JOQJlr-
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THE TEXAS CAVERi 1965 PAGE H1 A TENTATIVE HYPOTHESIS ON THE ORIGIN OF DRY CAVE A i..THO UGH NO F!1J1N A L CONCLUSTONS REGAR!l-I'NG T"'E OR D G O N OF DRV CAV E CAN BE IvlAO W : {j;THOUT Ii. C STUDY AND AN ACCURJO, T E MAP OF HE CAVEI>' HERE O F FER A TENT A T",-VE H Y PO THESi S B ASED O N THE T O U R OF M A'to' 2 9 AND 30u DRY CAVE O S A M U LTO-LE V E L CAV E SiTUATED IN A WELL-BEDDED LIMES TONEg AND E'<.C'1 1-EVEL I S A OR NET WORK THERE ARE VERY FEWg I I'" ANV 9 COM P Lr;TELY PRiMARY SOLUTIONA L OPEND NGS F ROM ONE NETWORK L.EVEL. T O ANOTHER L E V E L ; fl, ... "TR A V E L F ROM ONE L E V E L T O ANOTHER S ALONG THE MAJOR JaUNTS (FISSU R E S ) lHESE FACTS INDiCATE THAT EACH LEVEL (OR S U B LEVEL ) W A S FORMED AT O R B ELOW >ORMER WA 1 EIR=TAB L E L E V EL. WIT H R ANDOM SOL.UT!ON, PERHAPS CONTROLL.ED B V fo .JO UNT NETWOR K PATTERN\) O N SACH LEVEL LOCAL ENLARGEMENT OF MAJOR SOMETIMES INT b LARGE O C C U R RED WHERE 'fHE J OINTS INT E R S E C TED THE WATER COURSE. THESE JOINTS s SUCH A S THE N O R TH<-> se: .... rH 'TREND I N G GRAND CANY O N AND ROO M S WERE FURTHER ENL.ARG E D ( B Y S OLUT 0 ON) VIH[N 1 H E WATER T A BLE WA S L.O WERED AND WATER DRAg NEb F'ROM T H E FORMER NETWO R K L E V E L D(,iJN TO THE NEW WA AND HENCE THE NEW Ne:.WORK, L.E VEL. AFTER T H E D RAINAGE OF' EACH LEVEL, WATER SEEPAGE WAS VERY S L OGHT, T HIS U S lNDICA'fED B Y THE FACT T HAT C AVE POPCORN, OR WAS F'ORMED (APPAREN TLV) MORE E X f ENSOVEL T H A N STAL.AGMITES9 AND W H OCH A R E AT BEST Rbq.;:u THlUS. L OW E R O N G O F THE W A TER-TABL E9 COUPLED WiTH THE LAC K OF F ORMAT B ONS\) MI.' IND ICATE A PER OOD O F DRV C LOMAT E RATHER THAN UPL8FT9 AND THiS O N TUR N WOULD !i\!DJCATE THAT THOS CAVE D I D NOT FORM A T THE SAME TOME AS THE MORE DECORATED O N THE AREAo i T O S A L S O POSSI BL.E THAT A D IFF'EREN T ROCK LITHOL OG V I S T H E OF 'H!E !"A G K 0 "' F'OR MATUONS I N DRY CAVE; THIS QUESTOON CANNO T BE ANSWERED A S T U D Y IS M ADE. FREE S TREAMS WERE PROBA BLY NO T I M PO R T A N T IN EITHE R THE UNgTHAL OR THE SECONDARY OF DRY CAVE o IT IS DOUBTFU L O F STREAMS E NLARGED THE SINCE FEATURES S UCH A S INCISED GROO V E S ON THE iV'. ETCo WERE NOT OBSERVEDo T H E WALL.S OF' THE ..10 i N T S WERE N O T E NLARGED B Y S 'IREAM t!\,BRAS I O N SF ABRASION H A D BEEN THE DOM INANT MECHANISM 9 THE .JOINT WALLS K'l'.,D B E SMOOTH B Et:1.A; SE BO T H THE SOFT AND THE MORE RESI S T ENT B EDS 'NO I L D d E WOR N (M.>.,.RGE THE ,JOUNTS B Y SOLUTION N o EViDENCE W A S OBSERVED T O ONDB CATE THAT THE CAV E W A S E VER ENTO R ELY FULLE D IV] l>-l MUD; O NL'lf IN THE LOWERMOST L.E V E L Vi S UTEDs 20 FEET BEL OW THE FLOOR OF' LOS T \iA . DOES THEilE APPE A R T O BE AN ALMOST COM PL.ETELV SED8MENT =F'iL.LED CHAMBER. THE SEDIMENTS ON 1 'HE LOST VALLE Y AREA CONTAiN A B UNDA N T ANIMAL BONES9 AND WHEN 'Ht: S E ARE DArED UT WULL PROBABLY BE FOUN D THAT THE S E DOMENTS WASHED ON S OM E T O M E THE C A'VEOg HOSiOR V\) P ROBA BLY FROM ISOL.ATED AND N O W PLUGGED S ONKSo As A GEI\lERAII.. OBSERVAT I (liN F'OR WHO CH NO CON C L U SION H A S VET BEEN DRAWN\) S OM E irlE liPPER PASS AGES SEEM T O BE ASSOCOATED WOT H A l.OGHT BROWNIS H = WHDT E CA,L= CuRE NITE ( VERY PORUS). S OM E O F THE LOWER PASSAGES SEEM T O BE ASSOCUATED WOTH .Il. SCf_ U CEO U S=CALCAREOUS CONCRETION(?) BED. BOTH THE CALCARENiTE A N D THE C O N = CRQOON BEDS ARE ON THE ORDER O F 8 9NCHES THICK. (CONTiNUED ON P AGE 112 )

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P AGE 112 THE TEXAS J UNE9 1965 BONE DEPOSITS FOUND IN DRY CAVE N IEAR 'TH E SO NK ENTRAN(;E TO D R Y CAVE U S F O UND THE BALCONV R O OM FRO M THE "BAl.CONV" IT I S A 2 5 FOOT DROP TO u"H E FLOOR OF' R O U N D ROOM)) SOME 40 FEET OR SO I O N D O AMETER. THE F O O R O F T H E B A L C O N Y R OO M APPEARS T O BE MOSTLY CLAV F OLL A T L E A S T 3 TC 4 F E E T O N DEPTH. THREE 3 X 4 x 3 F OOT TE:S T PSTS ARE D N T H O S CLAY F I APPARENTLY D U G A N U M BER O F V E ARS A GO. A FEW SCATTERED B ONES WERE OBSERVED O N THE SURF A C E O F THtS OLAY F I II., AND T H ERE ,8 AI:G O O D F 'OSSIBH_ITV THAT iNTEREST I N G M A T ERLa.L MAY B E FOU N D ON THiS C L A Y riLL. THE MO S T HNTERESTING BONE DEPO S O T S DISCOVE RED WER E LOCATED DEEP WftTHON THE CAVE. TH E CHAMBER O F T H E V ANISHING F LOOR9 L OST ALLE V 8 AND LOST VALLE Y LO E A L ONG A LARGE F n SSLJRE SEVER,"i., HIL9NDRED !i"EE'f IN LN G THo SCATTERED BONES WERE O B SERV E D I N T H O S AREA ON SEV ERAL 0 B FF'ER!::N i CAV[-. L E V E LS. M O S T OF THE BONES" r-O CATED 0 N L OST V,1\,II.,p_rS:Vg APPEAR T O H A V E BEE N W ASHED iN FROM 'fHE SURFACE AND ARE E M B EDDED iN A MATRIX C ONSi S TING OF ('::'LA ,A, N D BREAK DOWN. AIbTHOUG H THERE US A C L A V FLOOR i N SEVERAL PAR T S O F LeoS T NO JI.l' TEMPT W A S MA.DE TO D E T E R MINE THE DEPTH O F THIS CLA,\!' F ILLo P E RHAPS Jl,GO ,HE T O P O F THE N O R"u"H = S OUTH H E A D I NG FIS S URE W A S OPEN TO THE SURFACEg A L LOWiNG T H E BQNES TO B E WASHED O R CARR IED O N FROM T H E O U TSIDE. ONL V ONE S E r O F ART i CUlt.;'l TED 8 {WE.S WA S NO TED (BOBCAT) AND THESE BONES WERE L OCATED 1 5 FEET AWAY FRD M THE D E 'fER OF TH E FISSURE. GOES TL 80B SIbA GHTER OF THE S HULER MUSE U M OF P A LEONT O L OG Y9 S OUTHE R N ME'!HODOS 1 FOR A j 'ENT#,"\" D'V'E !DENTOFUCfilTDON OF S E VERA P Of' T H E BONES. h WAS U TERESTU NG TD L E ARN THAT T H E FOLLOWiNG WERE REPRES E N TEDg S A L A MANDER\) SNAK E\) BROWN COi"r ON,AIL RA,B80Tg B O BCA'9 DEER\) B I SONg AND SEVERAl. BOROS T HERE WERE ,y LEAST FO R DJFFEREN T 5U ZED SURDS REPRESENTE Dg THE L A RGEST O F W H O C H O S THE SiZE O F A 8M.E.. L TURKEY. A ;;c '.OON G ,\) THE METHOD O F BO N E TESTON G Il THE B O NES MAV BE S EVERAL T HO SAND QUDNN M E THOD O F BONE T E S TU NG MAKES U S E 0F A FLAM E THE B O N E M"'.TERD.S,".., U:::, UGI'li'RED ,iI.NO OHARRED. Iii"" T H ERE I S NO ODOR OF BURNONG P H O T E O N9 OR B URNGNG THE N THE M ATEROAL D S PROB A BLY 01'...,00 THE D R Y CAVE BONES G I V E LUTTLE OR N O ODORo ) IF A N Y RES P O NSiBLE O R iNS T O TUTOON IS ACTOVELV ONTERE S TED ON S1UDYON G THE BONE 8N DRY CAVE ll T H E Y SHOULD ADDRESS THEaR U NQUDROES T D T H E EOOl'OR O F 'fHE i T is HOPED TH.AT eN FUTURE VDSOTS 'T'O D R V WiLL B E THE P oSSIB L E BMPORTANCE OF THE BONE DEFOSDT8 E1
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THE TEXAS CAVER, JUNE, 19'65 PAGE 113 IPS FOR THE BEGINNER J THERE ARE A FEW SIMPL E RULES ONE M UST FOLLOW IN ORDER T O BECOME A S UCCESSFUL SPELUNKER. B y S TRiCT COMPLBANCE WBTH THESE RULES\) ANYONE CAN ENJOY a VERY UN U SUAL EXPERU E NCE aN CAVING. THE FaRST' THiNG '110 REMEMBER ON ORDER TO HAVE A SUCCESSFUL CAVE T ROp a s fl, GOOD REL tl, T U ONSHO PiS ESSENTl, A L o THE CAVER M UST REMEMBER T O ioEAVE ,'" ,:e, GATES OPEN ON THE OWNERO S PROPERTYo T HIS GOVES THE (CHANCE T O A BOUT AND HAVE E XERCOSE WHICH THEY WOULD NOT NORMALLY GET$) THUS 6AVU NG THE R .. ER M UCH TUME AND EXPENSE. ANOTHER THONG WHICH GIVES A GOO D SMPRESSOON TO C u Y E IS A CAVER WHO DRQVES FAST o rOR A CHANGEiJ WHY NOT TRY T E ARDi',\G U P O WNEROS DRIVEWAY WiTH Y O U R FOOT A L L THE WAY TO THE F LOORBOARDg AND fiHEN b" "!1.M/IIIO N G ON Y O U R B RAKE S THO 8 WU LL SPREAD DUST AND GRAVEL ALL O VER THE FRONT ",;'R D AND U S U fo.LL'II' WOLl. SCARE THE BLAZES OUT OF ANY DOGS9 CA'fS 9 KiDS\) GGA1 Sg ETC. W HICH MAY BE iNHABiTING THE AREAo RANCHERS LOVE TH! S TV. O F ARRi V ALo iF A CAVER VS FOR TUNATE ENOUGH T O REACH A HE M UST THE P ROBl.EM OF C LOTHONG AND EQU iPMENT. GOOD Cl.O THO NG FOR CAVONG CONSO S T 3 O F A PA,OR OIF SHORT S A C L EAN SHOR T 9 AND O RDDNARV STREET SHOES. AND NEAT= NESS ARE ESSENTOAL TO THE CAVERO S MORALE AND THE NEWER THE Cl.OTHiNG HE WEARS 9 THE I-jIlP P OER H E WOLL BEo A CAV E R NEED NOT WORRY ABOUT GETTiNG THESE NCCE T H ONGS FOR SEL DOM O F E VER ONE FaND MUD OR DiRT ,IN A C A VEe O T H E R E QUDPMENT iNCL DE A C A N OF SPRAY PAONT FOR WRDTiNG O N WALL.S!jl A POCK HAMMLq FOR FORMA nONS9 SOME OLD C L O THSLDNE ROPE FOR DESCENDONG DROPSg A HACKSAW O P E N i N G CAVE O A ESg SOME CANDLES FOR LIGHT!il AND A GUN W OT H WHDCH T O S H OOT 8 ,,,'1" So MJ!..NV CJ\,VERS WONDER IF A FiRST Ago KOT WOUl.D BE A GOOD PRECAUTDONo A A D D KOT O NLY ADDS WEOGHT T O THE CAVEROS LOAD AND HAS NO P R A C T OCAL USE WHAT= MANV CAV ERS O N C LUDE SOME FORM O F ALCOHOLQ C BEVERA G E W DTH THEOR EC,(. r. P M E N T 0 A I'...COH0L 'LENDS T 0 SHARPEN THE SENSES AND MAKE THE CAVER MORE Al'-ERT 0 A FKEQUE NTl.Y B Y CAVERS IS T H A T OF DESCENDDNG DEEP DROP S o PRC.B LEM CA!\i BE Hti\, D L E D EASQ LY W D 'i!!t-l THE AF'OREMENT D ONED C L O THESLD N E ROPEo T H E METH OD OF DESCEND i N G S UCH A ROPE 0 S THE O L D THO 6 H S N O T Iit:R', T aR D N G AN.O U S THE S A FEST Y E T KNOWNo A SAFETY LiNE 0 S AI\:OTHER "'SELESS EXTRA I N CAVONG SUNCE i T OS ONLY OTHER CAVERS WHO FALL.. ONCE iNSUJE P Eg THE CAVER WULL WAN T T O COLLECT S OME FORMATiONS o SM A L FOR MATUONS S UCH A S dDD A S T RAWS AND H E LO CTUTES D O NOT BRING MUCH P R OFUT 0 S O Mo"r r CAVERS D O "lU'f 7 0 SEL.L THEM o HOWE VERg AN ONTERESTONG GAf\E C;l F T R 'lf ONG i() KNOCK SODA STR)c J S F RO M THE CEILING WQTH STONES ADDS TO T H E OF CI.I,'dN G ON THE THE CAVER w a L L WAN T TO TRV OUT METHO D S O F M ARI< U N G WA Y TO KEEP F ROM &ETTg N G LOST. SOME CAVERS ACCOMPL.OSH THO S B Y D U MPONG PGLES C .=-S PENT CARB ODE ON P LACES W HERE THE'II' we n.L BE SEEN E A S O L Y ( S IJ O H A S ON F'O RMA= 'WNS OR ON THE MODDL E O F CRAWl-WAYS). THERE ARE M Il,!\1'! THONGS WHiCH COULD BE ADDED TO THO S LOST ,:'t= HOWEVER T H E C A V E R REALLY NEEDS TO KNOW O S T O USE LiTTLE COMMO N SENSE ANO T O T R Y T O H W E F U No MOST UMPORT,ANTI) T R Y T O REMEMBER THE C A VERO S FIRST RULE g TAKE NOTHING BUT FORMATiONS9 AND ARTijFACTS LEAVE NOTHi NG BUT FOOTPRiNTS9 BEER BOTTlES5 SPENT CARBijDE AND EMPTY Ti N CANS B y BOB WOOD

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P .ME 114 CAVING COURTESY B V BUNDRANT O F THE O F REASON S ONE MiGHT G DV E FOR GOING CAVINGj ONE O F THE MOST IMPO RTAN''IS THE FELLOWSHIP OF OTHERS W OT H A MUTUA L ONTERESTo EACH PERSON WHO GOES O N ,Ii C,IW'.J.N(Q TR I P 8 E N T OOl,ED ,TO HI, S E N cJOYMENT OF THE ES. l.i.STED BEl.OW A R E f>... F E W WHhGl",.V;lbIk1l.t9l 1 F OBSERVED HEL P ENSURE THAT EVERYONE v,Q} l.i. .. E N l O Y COMPANllIoNSHlbPo DO R EMEMBER n "iAT '\fOll A GUEST ON ANOIl'r-I ER'I1"S PROPERTY TREAT!O A S I F Y O U WERE V i S I T ING I N HIS k, I VING ROOM. CARRY YOUR OWN LITTER BAG AND C A R R Y AWAY Y O U R OWN UTTER. DONiIT LEAVE Y OIlJR TRASH (PAPER FOOD SANDW! CH WRAP ? NGS9 (; i G ARETTE B U 'i"T 8 9 AND A BOVE S P EN, CARB 0 DE) ON THE GRO UND. YOU MAY WAN T TO VO 51 T A GAi N. DO C ;;'RR Y 'fCjl R OWN FOO D s ENOUG H FOR '\fOU AND YOUR FAMiLV\) FOR THE LENGT H UDME \fO U wgLL BE AWA '\f FROM HOME. DONUT DEPEND ON S OMEONE E LSE TO HAVE ENOU GH FOOD FOR YOUo THEY HAVE O NLY ENOUGH. FOR THEDR USE ; iNG WITH Y O U MAY ME*N THAT THEY WILL GO HUNGRV dEFORE THE TRiP BS OVER DO CARRY YOU R OWN SUPPLDES = CAPB!DEj FLASHLDGHT\) SPARE PAR T Sg C 9G ARETTESg EMERGENCY F60D iNTO CAVE DONUT E XPECT SOMEONE '0 HDS SUPPLIES WDTH YO U JUST ENOU GH FOR ONE PERSON LOA D AT TiMES HAV DNG TO SHARE COULD ENDANGER 30TH O F ,;'ov. DO Vi)U 'VrO)Q,,11R FOR A DAV ON THE COUNTR ye'g APR""NGE BEIFClR E H A N D FC!I\i: !>. C O MF'ETEN'f PERSON TO LOOK Af.'TER THEM WH U L E 'IO U AIRE UN THE C)VE. P 9 R E A B A B Y SDTTER TO GO ALONG. DONV T A S K S T(:.':fiNG TO WATCH A F TER YOUR If-.lFANTSo T H E TOPSDDE o;,;t-\'V'ER 00 A O N H A N D L I N G THE TOPSIOE MANNiNG THE T E L E = PHONEg KEEP i\i G NO!fES O N I NF'ORMAT ION RELAVED IF'ROM I NSI DE THE C.A.V E p W A.TCHO N G THE WP T lI-IERo AIL. so 9 I F 'YO U GET H URT WH!LE ON THE THE PERSON(S) TOP= :"IDE M U S T BE !FREE 00 A88UST I N GET'fiNG Y O Ill OUT; IIF' YOqJR CHI L O S HIOU!bO G E T HI)!'I:'1l' WHUIL, E YOLI ARE N THE CA'V'E g THE TOPSe DE CAVERWOULD HAVE T O tolD S L EANiNG T H E PEOPLE UN THE CJO.VE W DTHOUT THAT PROTECTUOlNo MAKE BLIR E 9 0 F YO U ARE R O D Y NG WOTH S OMEONE E LSEli\ PORTAl'OON BOTH W}..S YOU GET READ Y TO GOo B Y OIF'FERO NG TO HEL P PAY EXPENSESg ESPECDALLY ON TH,/. : r VO' U W D Lil .. HAVE i R A NS= GAON C REDOT FOR Y OURSE!bF LONG TRU PSo DONO T PRESU M E is.jMEO. E 'WO!bL HAVE ROO M D N THE O R OAR [FOR YOU DIF' YOU ,JU S," SHO W U P f'OR H ilE 'I"R H"" H YOU GET A Ri DE ONE WA Y THAT S O M EONE WO!b!b B E Hl'Ifi'iF'Y T O

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THE TEXAS CAVER, 1965 PAGE 115 OIjOWD 'T11-lE D L'? PASSENGERS TO MAKE ROOM FOR YOU TO GET BACK HOMEo YOI'J COULD FIND YOURSELF ENJOVING A LONG WALKo DO REMEMBER THAT EVERVONE DOES NOT SHARE YOUR AFFECTDON FOR YOUR PET g NO MATTER HOW WELL YOUR PET BEHAVES. DON0 T E X PECT YOUR HOST TO BE AS CORDDAL TO YOUR PET AS HE WOULD LDKE TO BE T O YOU. SO L EAVE YOUR PET AT HOME. DO KEEP YOUR PROMDSESo IF YOU MAKE PLANS FOR A SEE T O OT T HAT THE TRDP IS EVEN OF YOU CANUT BE THERE. DONU T CANCE L A TRDP A F TER PLANS ARE MADE .JUST BECAUSE YOU DONOT "FEEII.., GOOD" THAT D A V OTHERS ARE DEPENDING ON SO CANCEL ONLY IN CASE OF A REAL EMERGENCVo D O MAKE SURE THAT YOU KNOW WHO as CAVE MASTER (TRiP LEADER) OF THE EXPEDftTDON BEFORE YOU GO iNTO THE CAVEo BE SURE THAT THE EXPEDITiON is WEIbL ORGANIZED WITH A EXPERIENCED PERSON IN COMMANDo DONUT ENTER A CAV E Wi TH A "MOB". DONOT ASSUME THAT THE LEADER OF THE l.A S T TRD P is NECESSARI L Y THE LEADER OF THIS ONE. DO REMEMBER "rY E CAVE MASTER is BOSS FOR THE DAV. YOUR SAF E TV AND CONDUCT ARE HIS R S 3'-" i 3 DBBLI TIESo FOLLOW EXPLICITLY ANY INSTRUCTOONS HE GOVES o DONgT ASK THE CAVE MASTER TO MAKE EXCEPT D ONS FOR YOU IF YOU ARE NOT PROPERLY T O GO INTO THE CAVE. DO REMEMBER OUR MOTTO: "TAKE NOTHBNG BUT PnCTuRES. LEAVE NOTHDNG BUT FOOT= C ARRV A CL OSAB L E PLASTIC BAG FOR SPENT AND A BAG FOR LUNCH L EFTOVERS 9 E TC. DON T LEAVE ANVTHDNG IN THE C AVEo THERE IS NO TO C LEAN U P AFTER Y O U L EAVE o DONuT LEAVE PROOF THAT YOU WERE THERE BY LEAViNG YOUR SiGNATURE ON THE FORMATOONS OR WALII..,S. IF YOU ARE A NEW=COMER T O S P EL U NKING 9 YOU WILL NEED TO IN VES T iN S OME B ASIC EQUIPMENTo MOST IMPORTANT IS YOUR HARD-HAT. THIS CAN BE ANYTHI N G FROM ,iI,N ARMY HELMET=l.INER TO A N Ji, LUMINUM CONS T RUCTION=WORKERS HELMET TO A FIBERGII..,ASS CRASH= HElMETo E VEN A FOOT BALL HELMET WILli., DO IF YOU HAPPEN TO HAVE ONCE BEEN A STAR OF THE GR I D I RON 0 BUT PROTECT I ON FOR THE HEAD IS ESSENT I AL. You WI LL NEED A HEADLAMP== GARB ODE OR ELE CTROCo iT IS POSSIBL E THAT SOMEONE CAN LOAN THESE TO FOR YOUR "IRS T TRIPg BUT DONOT ASSUME so. MAKE SURE BEFORE YOU GO. You MUST 1-1A V E PROPER G t O T H O N G THA T Wi IbIL ENSIURE ON FOR ELBOWS AND KNEES!) OF A WEn GI-iT ADEQU ATE FOR THE T EMPERATURE OF THE CAVE. YOUR FOOTWEAR MUST PROVIDE SUPPOR T g P R C T ECT80N g AND T R ACTiON. MAKE CONDUCT SUCH THAT YOU WILL BE A WELCOME GUEST IN THE FU TUREo

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, PAGE 116 THE TEXAS 1965 !oN i D E T E R M N i N G THE D E P T H o F P ij T S B Y A U D ij 0 METHODS lOR MUCH ADO ABOUT r M::lST iCAVERS ARE AWARE TH,A,T THE DEPT H OF fA PST MAY BE APPROXOM/ATED B Y 'rOSSONG ,il., RC ,CK OO'INN l'H E HO LE:9 COUNTiNG THE NUMBER OF SECONDS WHBCH ELAPSE BEFORE a T REACHES T H E AND SUB$TOTUTONG FOR THE TIME (T) IN THE S = HOWE VER" TOO O F TEN THE RESULTS OF SUCH CALCUIlATOONS ARE S UBSEQUENTIlY [0 BE I ERRO R B Y UP T O 100%0 A L MO ST AIlWAYS THE ERROR MAKES THE t"OT DEEPER o H a N B T IS. lfH 0 S MAKES FOR GOO D OAV 0 NG YARNS B U T SOMET OMES CAUSES EMB,s. RRAS= MEN'r '''(OUR "300 FOOT P U T U S COMPI UETEL V R D GGED Wi TH i 50 FEET O F ROPE. OF' THOS is MUCH BET1'ER THAN RIGGiNG \/:OU R 1 50 F'OOT PUT" AND F HNDUNG ONESEIlF ",: r T H E END OF l H E ROPE AND S T U l.L 150 FEET FROM THE FLOOR. lfHE PURPOSE OF TH U S A R TOCL E IS NOT TO D OSCOURAGE YOU FROM THROWING ROCKS INT O PiTS T O JUDGE THEOR O E P TH, BUT RATHER TO YOU WITH THE PRINCIPLES OF THE METHOD AND TO ELA8 C R A't"E Tv CERTAO N DEGREE ON THE POSSiBL E SOURCES OF ERROR WHEN USONG THUS METHO D ERRORS UN THE AUDBO METHOD MAY BE ATTROBUTED TO THE FOLIlOWDNG CAUSESg 1) i NACCURATE DET E RMON,iI.,TUO N OF THE TIME (T) 2) FAILURE aO A LLOW FOR THE SPEED OF SOUND. 3) CONF'U800N Ji,S TO WHE N THE OB.1lECT STROKES BOTT(lIM o 4) iMPROPER BO L U T HON OF THE EQUATiON FOR THE DUSTANCE (s ). 5) iMPARTATHON OF SOME V E LOCHTY TO THE O B.1lECT. 6) S E LEOTUON OF jlJ\j O B JECT WIT H POOR AERO D YNAN!iC PROPERTDES SUCH A.S HUM, l N E TC. WIT H A L L T HESE V A R D A 8 LES. aT os EASY WHY USUALLY YDELDS p RO J G H APPROXiMAT90 N OF THE TRUE DEPTHi! -B v F,;\.R THE MOST H'ii'A N T C :ONs nOERATUON is THE ACCURAT E DETERMUN A.TUGiN 0\= (T). AND U N THG S RESPECT O-='T E N VER' f LAX. A S TOPWATCH. OF COQ;!lRSE 9 U 0; BESu 0 /lo. SWEEP SEC'::'\IU HA,\lO O N A WRDS T WATCH; AND9 THE O:L..D tlTHOU S AND=ONEo"o o TrlOU S ANOTWO A C T U A L L Yg FOR ACCURATE RESULTS A S TOP WA TCH OR A L U C K Y FOOT H S L E T U S ASSUME T HAT YOU A R E CONFRONTED WiT H A "4 AND 'fO } Hfo'VE DE' iERMflNEO THE T OME ,lI.ICCURJI,TE L'i' TO WUT H D N SECOND LEi'o s S E E HOW "If'HE DEPTHS W H E N S UBSTOOUTED ONTO THE (s) := UUSTANCE FE.:E'q (G)=: O F G R JWU'T'V' OR 32 FEET/SEC. ; AND \T) :=:: 'ii U M E ON S E C O NDS. iF (T) = 3 0 5 S = 196 FEET. eT) 4 0 S L S -256 FEET ij F ( T ) 4 0 ',,:, S 324 FEET. As C A N BE BEEN FRO M T H E EQUATiD N 9 (G) is CONSTANT MAKING THE DUSTANCE ( S ) D [REC TLY P R O P D RTiONAL T O THE S QUAR E OF THE TIMEo (As T iNCREASES. A N Y UN T CAr J6ES A PROGRESSO V EIL'V' L'l,RGER ERROR T H E DOSTANCE. ) THE EXAMPLE ABOV E\) THE IVIfl. XSMU M DUFFERENCE B,,:TWEE )\I T ;::: 305 SECo AND T 405 SEC. 9S 128 FEEl'! YO'lJJR "4 SECONOII PUT 0 8 8 E'UWEEN 196 AND 324 FEET O N DEPTHI THO S fi S HARDI L Y AC.CEPT A B L E JVJ(.!'JRAC 'j WHE::RE 4\]M A N l,fiVES ,:i\,RE HNVOLVEDo THE Ni;: :><:T M O S"J' C ; ON8GDERA'nON US THE SPEED OF' SOUND U N AURo A '.3HQU G H TH' S WiT H THE A L T DTUDE, FUGURE OF 113 0 F'EET/SEC. WiLIl SUFFUC E o THE OF ft, F WC;i< ; S TRDKUNG < uHE BIl'{i''fOM O F A PH 282 FEE'! DEEP W!L L REQUORE i SEC o TO RE. ACH H E 'rOP O F THE F 'UTg AND WOULD ONCREASE '1'OUR OF' (T) B Y i S E Co As AN Exe_Mpr .. fl. ::OUT W H D CH A F P E ARS TO BE 300 \='EEl' DEEP W HEN 'THE SPE:ED OF SOUND O:S \lEGLECTED BE 0 M_"t" 266 l"EET DEEP WHEN C ORRECTED F O R THE SPEED OF SOUND. (CO N TONUEU P AGE1 19 )

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THE TEXAS CAVER, JUNE9 1965 P AGE 117 PROJECT DEEP T o ONFORM THE TEXAS SPELEOLOGDCAL ASSOCBATION. ABOUT THE REGBONAL PROJECTV PRO dEOt DEEP\) 'f!,j.O S AR-T'-O, C L E 0 S PUBQ.,OSHED FOR THE BENEFOT OF EACH CAVER S UBSORO ,BERo SOME PL:ANS HAVE AII..REA D V BEEN MADE\)' ARRANGEMENTS CONF 0 AND THE DETJHf_S W O L L BE WDRKED OUT, SHORTLYo PliE ASE RESERVE: THE WEEKEND OF SEPTEMBER 3 = 6'9' LABOR DAY H OlL O D A V S 9 FOR T Ri-P iro DEEP TEXAS. MR. Lovs HAS OFFERED H O S CAVES A S T H E SOT E OF THE 1965 REGO O N PROJECT THE PURPOSES OF THE PROJECT T H O S Y E A R ARE T O (1) MAP THE THREE CAVES: DEEP, P UNKINg AND BLOWHOL Ej (2) E X P LORE ANV AND ALL V !RGO N PJl.SSAGEWAV\l T R YING TO MAK E A CONNECTOONg IF ANY, BETWEEN THE CAVE S v (3) MAKE II BOOLOGiC,l\,L S U R V EY\) (4) MAKE A GEOLOGIOAL SURVEV9 (5) A'fil'E M P' T A METEORO= SURVEVj AND (6) .A,TTEMPT A PALEONTOLOGOCAL STUDY o THE ABDLENE GROTT09 WAS ONSTRU C TED B Y il'HE T S A o iN TO ACT AND THE PROJECT o JIM ESTES WOLL AS WDT H uHE A6S0Su = OF P R ESTON McMICHAELg AND O THER ASSOGNMENT S BEEN M ADE OR OTHER 5 0 lBCOTED. A CAMPING AREA WILL BE DESIGNATED O N THE CAVE AND SUCH il'HDNGS AS C O NCESSOONS9 HQ, FIRST AID STATIONg AND PARKDNG AREA SET LiP !l. WEEK OR TWO PROOR T O PROJECT DATE. A TELEPHONE SYSTEM WILL BE ONSTALLED I N THE AND R A D O O COMMUNOCATOON BETWEEN THE CAVE ENTRANCE AND HQ WOLL BE M'ONTAONED AT ALL TOMES. A CHECK-IN STATION WOLL BE MANNED CONTONUOU S L Y AT CAVE E N T RANCES. A WILL BE P LACED OVER A FENCE FOR THE CONVENQ E NCE OF PROd ECT AND TO P ROTECT THE F E NCE ( AND CAVERn S C L OTHES)o AT HQ9 A WIT H MACHONES WOL L BE MA!NTA ONED T O PIL O T SURVEY NO TES A S THE V ARE BROUG H T OR R p ,DOOED F R O M THE CAVE ENT RANCE. THERE I S P LENTV OF GOOD WATER AVAULA B L E A T "ThE BUT CA'lfERS W OILoL BE W ARNED ON A D VANCE NO T TO CJlMP N EAR THE W EILL9 A S TO D O STURB A S LITTL E A S P OSSIBLE. WERE MADE B V THE OWNER. THERE WI LL BE BEV ERJI. GES\l AND !! F 0 RESa STOlES FOR C OOKING PURPOSES. SO P LAN ON BRONGING Y O U R COLEMAN THERE BE AN EXPLORING T E AM ALONG WiTH EAOH M APP!NG T E A M o IT 0 S .. T E D A BOUT FOUR O R FiV E TEAMS WaLl. BE NEEDED AT L E A Suv P LIIJ S A SO I'JGl E MAPP U N G 'U'E A M FOR S URVEY OF P UNK i N AND BLOWHOL E CAVESo if" AN"!' G RCl1lTO OR C ',. .iB OR HAS A BRtDNTON COMPASS9 1 00 FOOT S TEEL TAPE\) AND/OR TRO i "'ODS COULD BE !\P8i::D D URiNG T H E PRO.JJECT9 P LEASE L E T THE PRO.JJE C T CeORDDl "",'!'DR !
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P AGE 118 llr H E F N E J AND / O_F __ . EYE B 0 L N G ">...... -:I:-L..: . --/1' BRnNG 'THE 'WJI.'E R "0 AlLOW" S ILO W BOilL AND ADD A PINCH OF THENoouoco ooooo ( \ \ O N E OF THE MOST USEFUIl., TODILS TO M A N O S HOS POWER OF OBSERVATDDN: T H E ABOLOTY T O NOTCCE AND ONSPECT W HAT H E SEES AND TO REILATE 91' T O HOS PAST EXPERO E NCE. THE OR UNCONSCU OUSIL Y REMEMBERS HIS ROUTE THROUGH THE OF ft., r(;, 6 V E B Y OBSER\f,p ; n i\i AODED B '\' LO M OTED LIOIMT c OF'TEN HE NEGILECTS TO ijMPRC','!;: ,/l, B,UT'V' OF OBSERVA'TDON BE'\I'ON D F O N DONG HOS WAY ON AND OUT OF' THE CJ.VE ", \l!J HE MISSES T i;if-: MOST DNTERES'O'ING P A R T OF' CAVONG._Y.au.,...DONOT HAV E T O BE A T RAINED B U T THtSCOEN'TOS T M U S T B E ONE OF H E O S T O BE SUCCESSFUL (GURNEE)o C.!WBNG VASOON US ;:':S PECO Jl..LL'If T H E E YES WORK DDFFEREN 1"ILY iN THE D ARK AND 'TO GET BETTER. USE F ROM T H E E YES CT g S NECESSARY TO KNOW H l W H O W THEY INORKo THE NERV E ENDUNGS AT THE BACK OF YOUR E VES ARE OF TWO KONOS = o NEB A N D RODSo MgLL!ONS OF THEMg ARE CONCENTRATED ON A RING ON THE CE N T E R OF' TH E RETONAo TH E RODSs EQUALILY ARE CONCENTRATED ON A RUNG A R UNO THE CONESo C ONE S UN THE CENTER OF YOUR E V E ARE USED TO SEE COLOR AND DETAOL AND TO PUCK U P FAR.A, WA O BnJlECi S o THE RODS ,!l,RE COl.OR BLOND; THEY CAN SEE NEO'fHER DE"' >j',OIJ., NOR D OS'fANT OBJECTSo BROA DLY SPEAKONG 9 YOU SEE WUTtJ 'lO U R CONES O N THE UUME ,.,N O won THE R ODS J,T NDGHTo HOWEVER9 THERE U S NO D OSTONCT BOUNORV 8":I')AUSE YOUR VSE O F ReDS AND CONES V Il.R 0 ES WO TH THE A MOUNT OF L O GHT. I N A CAVE W01" H U M 0 'fED rr.,O GHTHNG THE RODS ANu (::;I ONES D OVODE THE WORK AND YOU SEE O N BILACK AND WHO'fE o IN COMMERCOAL CAVES THERE O S USUAILLV ADEQUATE ILO GHT T O USE THE CONES AND THEREFORE WE ILKONG TO --.'u > n '\f O l9 R HE:ILME'r' 0 ONE SO DE. 0 'i,.-I:, ...:RS O \\j A N D r..OOK OUT THE CORNER O f" Y OUR ,, :'{' E 9 n. ';'UU HA' o E 'li"0 r
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THE TEXAS JUNE, 1965 PAGE 119 CAVERS BE C A REFU L NOT TO GET SPENT CARBDDE DUST THE U R EYES. CHEMOCAIL.S, S UCH AS CALCDUM HVDROXBDE\j REPRESENT ONE OF" THE GREATEST CHEMDCAL DANGERS TO THE ESPECDALLV TO THE CORNEA. (POR TER) I F yOU SHOUL. D GET SOME CALCDUM CARBODE OR CALCDUM HYOROXDDE ON YOUR E''fE 'fO U SHOUL D iMMEDDATELV DRRDGATE THE EVE WOTH CLEAR TOIL.T THE HEAD TOWARD THE S ODE AND THEN POUR THE WATER SLOWR.,V ONTO THE INNER CORNER OF THE E V E AND DT T O RUN OVER THE EYEBALL AND UNDER THE E V ELODS WHO L E YOU A RE HOL D = e N G 'rHE OPEN WITH YOUR FINGERS. IRRIGATE aT UNTIL AT L.EAS T A (ON E QUART) OF WATER HAS BEEN USED. SEE A DOCTOR AS SOON AS POSS O B LEo (RED CROSS ) LE T O S iMPROVE OUR POWERS OF OBSERVATOON NOT ONLY TO EXTEND OUR B U T ft.. LSO TO I NCREASE OUR ENJOYMENT OF CAVES AND CAV 9 NGo A L L WE HAVE T O 00 0 S AT WHAT THERE B S T O SEEo BV TOM MEADOR DEn NIT IONS; CAVE LOVDNG ORGANOSMS (DoE., A CAVER) AN ORGANISM THAT ACCiDENTLV WANDERS OR IS CARRIED ( FORCOBL.V OR OTHERWISE) iN T O A CAVE. A NOVICE CAVER OR TOUR DST) REA D ING: G URNEE9 Ro, "THE PRES 9DENTOS NSS 20 (1), 19620 SURV DVAL TRAIN ONG 19550 ARMV F O E L D MANUAL (21-75), COMBAT TRAONBNG OF THE INDDVIDUAL. SOL D OER AND PATROLLDNG. RED CROSS AMERDCAN NATOONAL.; FORST AiD TEXTBOOK9 1957. + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + (ON D ETER M i N iNG THE DEPTH OF PITS o.CONTONUED FROM PAGE 116) AN DNTERESTiNG S DDELOGHT OF THE EQUATOON O S THE OF THE TERMD NAL (V = GT) OF OBrJECTS FALL.ING FROM VARIOUS HEOGHT S FOR EXAMPLF.:p AN C B .. EC'f' "-. HEiGHT OF 144 FEE T WOULD TAKE 3 SECONDS TO REAC-Irt THE B OTTOM (I GNOR i N G FR! It" i WOUL D ARR I VE AT A SPEED OF 96 FEET / SEC o OR ABOUT 65 MPHo F H E HEiGHT BEC MES 300 FEET9 THE TOME IS 403 SECONDS AND THE VEL OCITY O S 139 FEET/SECc OR 95 MPHo ROUGHLV9 THUS as WHAT HAPPENED AT "SOTANO DEL THE RESU LT S WERE GRISLY DNDEEDo DON"T LET n HAPPEN TO YOU! B Y KUNATH GALILEOO S CONTRiBUTION TO CAVING A F P ,..,RENT T 8ME Ap P ARENT DEPTH CORRECTED DEPTH VELOeOTY (' (S) ON FEET (S) (Mi L ES HOUR) H N SE C ON FEET ---; 16 16 22 2 64 63 43 3 14.5 135 66 4 258 2)4 85 .5 lj{13 353 100 6 580 500 130 7 789 666 150 8 1031 848 170 5204 8.3 MiL ES 3.7 MOLES MACH 1 ... ... ... II< II< II< II< II< II< ... ... II< ... ... II<

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Pti\,GE 12 0 I_CAVE CAVES P RDVOCE A PLACE PRESERVATODN OF THE FOSSOL AND SEDOMENTAR Y RECO RD O N ;'. N ARE A O S O'U'HERWOSE BEUNG ERODED. THEY ALSO PROVODE A LOW NERG'{ E N VD RO NMEN T 01\1 WHD C H 'THERE O S UTiLE OR NO Ji.LTERATOON OF T H E DEPOSO'1FS ,1>,l""r ER ACCU M l ln.."B; r G ONo T HESE TWO FACTS MAKE CAV E SED OMENTS 0 DEAL FOR U Nl'ER"'R'::' 0 N G P p ,ST GEOMORPHOi!..O G O C v',N D C!:"'C MA,'l"OC ICONDOTOONS. L LANO DERO VED BEDO M E N T S F ROM FVLLAN CAVE O N AUSTON PREDATE ALL TERRACE ON THE AREA AND THE ONCLUDEO VERTEBRATE FOSSOLS MAK E 01' POSSO B L E T O A M AXO M U M AGE ON THE S URROUNOONG TERRACE GRAVELS. V O O O Ii .:!.. CO ILI!"OFH.1A. N E C ONCREO'OONS FROM FELTON C.lWE9 SUTTON CO lfl N'II"'\f1) Jl,RE EXAMPLES OF THE T Y P E O F F OUNO d N CAVE SEDOMENT S T H E RELATOVE ;>.BUNDANCE OF KA(ilLONOUE FOUND Oilll C A V E SEDOMENT S PRiOlV IOES A WA Y OF ONTERPRE T O N G THE C L!MATDC HISTORY O F AN AREA iN A MANNER T O THE STUD Y O F PALE DSOULS. T H E KADLONI T E DDST R O BUT!ON eN SEDIMENT H F R O M CAVE D L LANO CO U NTYg AND FRllESENHAHN CAVEg BEXAR COUNTYg SHO W THAT THE r;Z D MIt,'fE N 800'H A REft. S !-Ift. S BECOME UNI CREA SUNGLV DP:UER UP T O THE I="P,ESENT. VER1'E8Roi,TE FOSSULS FROM THESE TWD CAVES INDiCATE THE SAME C L OMATOC HUSTORYo ABST RACT OF A LECTURE P RESEN TED AT THE 1965 TSA CONVENT80Ng SAN ANGELOg TEXABo B Y RUBEN Mo FRANK VOSS x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x -PHOTO TIPS D Q <,:" : ; 1) H[.<.ll'l'Z: SEEONG THE CHJiTLONES ON YO U R R ANGEIF'ONDER TRV S &-dlf'UNG C-. O GHO' UN 'rHE O'H E VU EWl::'DNDER WINDOW A T A f'l 08L O 'QUE \"i)VJ CANe'u' SEE :'riE SC .. B IS:l "flri.:lRg B'JOU '\fOU wn,I'_ BE A B L E TO SEE THE F'E R DM\STER O F P ,O'C'GUREo TiP'' ,O,'F,C) BE SUJRI"RII ZED! J -:.. '.IviER,a'9 8 :;': SURE ,10 WO I'W THE SLACK OIWf (: I F tiHE (F"O, L Mo x n p,,:l\'9 E'V'Eb'<', 'j" UME '\1'0 : '.:, nHE T H E RE= W OND CRANK 'f1,Jl'
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THE TEXAS CAVER9 JUNE, 1965 PAGE 121 BACK ISSUES iN STOCK 1957 VOL.. i QUAN. Q U AN. JAN = 2 31 !v1.1\Y = JUN E 21 !v1.iI,Ro APRo 34 M.,y -JUN E 17 A U G. =====1 1 SEPT. = OCT. ===== 7 Novo = DECo ====-1 6 Q UANo JANo FEB ====-1 9 r ,1u.R Q APR. ===== = .52 __ __ 27 FEB. <.CI-...J<-c> ... 31 i vlA.R 20 AFR.o ( ; 9 M.>"" 30 :i, 't ii 't l T E X A S C A V E R 1961 VOL.. VI APR. JUNE AUGo SEPTo 21 10 10 11 25 12 48 48 16 OCT. Nov. DECo 1962 VOL. V I I JAN. FEB. MAR. APR. OCT. Novo DEC. QUAN. 77 20 41 5 1 24 4 3 14 15 16 MAR. APR. OCT DEC. 25rt/Et.r;H 1964 VOL I X JAN. FEB MAR. APR. JUNE JULY AUGo OCT. Nov. DECo BACK ISSUES OF THE TEXAS CAVER SHOUL D BE ORDERED FROM THE ASSISTANT EDDTOR: CHUCK LARSEN9 3622 NORMA GARLAND) TEX A S COST OS 25 / EACH. HURRY WOTH YOUR ORDER! FiRST COME9 FIRST SERVED. COMPL ETE Y O U R FIL ES NOWt t t f f t , (PHOTO oo ooCONTINUED FROM PAGE 120) 37 37 77 6 3 2 5 3 25 30 5 5 45 38 22 16 9 15 19 24 'fOUR PDCTlPRESo A CiGARET TE L IGHTER, A RING, A COON A HlO,RD=HAT" A FIl.,ASHB L B) A O R b F E L SE FAOL S9 ONE OF YOUR GRUBBY C AVIN G BUDDiES FOR THE c .. '\RGER SHOTS9 ,;" HUMAN F 0 GURE I S BEST SI NCE I TIS THE LARGEST O B JECT ot=-KNOWN T H A T T O AROUND. REMEMBER9 HF V U SYOOTBNG COLClPU TH .... ,'f Y O U R "SCALE" CAN MAKE OR BREAK YOUR FICTURE. F R i NST ANCE; A M UDD' f9 R U S T,,!) DENTED O L D MAY SERVE FOR SCALE, BUT OT S URE W O NO T ANVTHDNG T O T H E PICTURE, A GREEN RULER WITH PINK L ETTERHNG ADDS VERY LDTTL E EXCEPT SCALE TO THAT PiCTURE OF THOSE BEAUTOFUL W HftTE C. E C RY STALSo B y AU, MEANS9 V SE SOMETHING FOR BUT TRV TO USE COMM ,J. \ . E \ 9E N D G0(i O T A S T E AT THE 8)1" ':;: T I ME. FROM WEBSTEROS DIC TDONAR V g o eOQOoooooooaoooOOOOO JEEPg A D OMONUTBVE MULTIPURPOSE CROSS=COUNTRV VEHICL E O F 80=DNCH WHEEL BASE ,i,ND Q'...l.RTER=T O N C .i.PACHY (500 POUNDS!), WEIGHiNG 2200-2300 POUNDS\) EQU8 P F 'ED WiT H AND CAPAB LE O F A SPEED OF 60 MIL ES FER HOURa C AP....LED ALSOS "BANTAM"9 AND i 8 LOTZ BUGGY". THEN9 DS A "SPELEOJEEP" A "BLiT'ZCAVEBUGG'If8t 1

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PAGE 1 22 GROTTO NEWS GROTTO\) fi:, S o S ::.J, THE MONT H OF' MAY BR I NGS THE GROTTO TO THE TOP OF' 1 Hi:: 8'I, 'MMER SEJl.SON Ji, N D I!.,o r s OF PIl.., II,NS FOR MUCHO WORK AND CAV &:NGc F ; O ,RST OF AIl..P_';) HAS 1 0 BE DONE Y E T IN REG A RD f O T H E PRO JECT DEEP COMiNG UP LABOR DAY WEEKEND. T;.-iEN SEV ER Al!., PLAN TO DO S I :)ME OUi' O F STAT E CAVONGD AND STOLIl.. O THERS ARE PII..,ANNONS ON F'AMOLY V,iO, CAu' U ON8..ry AND PERSONAL PRO JECT S o J U M ESTES H A S .JUST RETURNED FROM AR' O -ZONA "ERE HE SF'EN"U A F'AM H e ';!' V ,.R'1l0CI'...E O N O R,\/, C A V E F O R D E T A O L S o A SU",Ji,'\i' ON "UHE: O S S CHEDUL ED B V PET E LUNDSIbE 'lf9 LEE S KONNERI) AND T OM MC,lI, D O R O N JUNE\) F'OIl.,I1.,.OWED 8'\/' A 'fROP 11'0 AROZONA OS ONYX AND CHOROCAHUA C "':\f'!r ON JUIl..'Vo THE GR O,[;"' HJl HAS RECENTL Jl.C Q U URED A NEW FORST K O T AND S OME NEW C A BlL. E GRO 'ii""il O P o O o B o x 289 Rs CHARDSOlN9 TlEx,&, g 7'.5081 .2QRY E L L to;""r M } N'rH WE DODNOn DO A NYTHiNGo T HIS MrUT;'1 ,il : OMP R O V ED ON iliAc SOME ... ND GOT flo') G v CAV I N G O NCEo Mg KE BALES\) SCOTT REEVE!t AND W A"ii'i':IE LANG FORD W E Nt' 'ro G OIb'fHWAiTH ONE THURSDA'\/' AIF'TERNOON AFTER SCHOOIl.. T O ONE OF THE !NORS' !, (';:A VES WEaVE SEENo DOC K SMiT H\) WHO WORKS FQR T H E STATE\) WAS DOONG A W A Il'ER S HED S U R V E"!" UN ARE ... AND 1Ci.JtMiE: 8'\/' M U K E O SHOUSE w n'H THREE L E ADS9) TWO AROU N D C RANF 81'...1l., S G A P A N D A 4000 ONE G OI'...TH WAO'UE o T H E F'Il..QOR W A S COVERE D WOTH CORAI'... AND O'l!' 'fOQI< U S A BtH)'r fof'l H(,d J R AND A Hi1 .rl. F T O CRAWL O R WORM OUR WAY HAI'...F' HEART ED P..> 'V' 'C'HE EN T R A N C E ROO M OIF Ii, ( ;JI. V E W N Q W C AllI'... "HEIl..L 0 S EN'fRJI.NCE" 0 THA To ABOU, b-\.l'...1b W E A N E V E R YONE W H O I
PAGE 19

THE TEXAS CAVER, 1965 PAGE 123 Ho HE AND, WELL9 OF YOU HAVENOT9 "IOU WONoTo HE RIPPED IT TO IJS 'fR'lfDNG '01;' PIlJISI!-! FUVE ONCH CRAWL OVER THE CORAL TO AN ENTVCOW"; l'.,1U"'OLE .&.1' 'HIE BACKo DONOT THINK THE CEIIl..ING WAS EVER OVER 40 HUGH AND THE R DTY OF iT NEAR THATo THDS CAVE HAD BEEN VOSITED PREVIGUSIl..Y B Y THE ENCE GROUP AND I S ON OPPOSITE SnOE OF TOWN FROM SNOW CAVE, AS; -"AR AS NOW IU'" DOESNOT A NAME THAN THf ONE WE GAVE D'fo PERSONALLV DO' o'r RATE 'fHA'fo AT if'HE ROSK GF RUONONG oua REPUTATOON MRo LANGFORD 81JGGESTED WE ASK 'fHE FOLKS AT FLORENCE OF THEV FOUND ANYTHING WE DIDNOT AND tar ".HEY 'GHT OUR NAME ENOUGH OF BAD MEMORDES, AND WEoRE A L L G Il..A D SCHOO L UTo WA VNE LANGFORD is A SCHOOL TEACHER HERE BUT HE SPENDS THE MONTHS H E SUMMER ON HIS HOME TOWN OF SANTA ANNA AND as WQRKING ON HIS MASTERS A T ,RD PiO, ONE SO we:1l..1l.. MOSS HaM THIS SUMMER. OTHERWOSE9 EVERYONE OS REA D 'lf TO HIT RO.l',D TO SOME GOOD CAVESo SEE "IOU THERE. GROTTO ADDRESS: 114 N 27TH G ATESVOll..Il..E 9 TEXAS S TECH. SPELEOLOGICAL SOCiETYi THE MONTH OF APRIL WAS AN DMF'ORTANT ONE TO TTSSo ON APRUIl.. 279 JOE COMPTON 'AND SUZANNE FOWl..ER WENT BEFORE THE CoMMDTTEE AFFAORS. THEY PRESENTED THE DDEALS AND PURPOSE OF THE Cll..u a T O oHE DEAN ;TUDENT LOrE'AND HOS COMMOTTEE FOR OFFOCOAL APPROVAL. THE FDNAIl.. STEPS THROUGH dUMBIl..E O F RED TAPE HAD FDNALI.V BEEN REACHED! THE SPELEO!'.. OG OCAL E 'lIY HAS BEEN OFFUCSALLV ACCEPTED BY THE ADMINISTRATION AS A CAMPUS ORGANOZA= 1 0 OFFICERS FOR THE PAST SEMESTER HAVE BEEN! JOE COMPTON = CHAORMAN, FRENCH : K = V D CE=CHAD RMAN; SUZANNE FOWLER -SECRETAR'If) REPORTER, FRANCO S C C 1MPTON = S URER. THE FiRST MEETING FOR THE MONTH WAS HELD ON APRDIl.. 60 REPORTS WERE GOVEN 'HE TSA CONVENTION9 THE SOTE OF THE REGOON PROJECT WAS ANNOUNCE09 iHE D=FWG FOR I DENT D F'I CAT DON CARDS WAS EXPI.AI NED AND DO SCUSSED9 AND THE CLUB VOTED TO THE TSA aN THEOR OBJECTIONS TO CERTAIN NSS TO THE MEETING. As THE C LUB IS NOT YET A GROTTO THiS weLL BE DONE THROUGH MEMBERSo THE D=FWG CAVE SAFETY SER I ES WAS SHOWN a I'll PREF'ACE TO 'fHE 0 NG \ L ARGE CLUB TRnPG A TOTAIl.. OF 21 PEOPLE MADE A TRIP TO CO T TONWOOD : ON NEW MEXOCOo IN UNDSONg THE NEW MEMBERS CURSED THE MOUNTADN ANO BIl..ESSED JEEPg CURSED THE SLOPE AND BIl..ESSED THE HIGH CEOLONGSo ON APRQL 219 SECOND MEET 0 N,,;; THE MON'OH WAS HEIl..Do EVERYONE ENJOYED SEE I NG FRENCH CROOKo 8 :ES OF ';' ,U ON THE COTTONWOOD TRiPo JOE COMPTON GAVE A SHijRT S P E AIb ON F ORMA TOON CAVE FORMATIONSo SUGGESTIONS FOR A FUTURE TROP WERE F'RESENTED : 'HE CLUB ANO A TENTAT DVE DATE WAS SET FOR MAv 2. FUTURE PLANS WERE A LSO MADE ,Il,N "ENO THE SEMESTER WOTH A BANGj EVEN IF You DO FIl..UNK OUT AND DANCEo WAS APPODNTED A S CHADRMAN OF A COMMOTTEE OF ONE TO CHECK ONT O THE J ATaONo A RELA:I<:DNG LQTTLE WAS HELD ON MAv 150 THE F ORST MEET= FOR MAv WAS OE:CIl..ARED THE LASTIJ DUE TO APPROACHDNG FONAI. EXAMSo rECH. BOOLOG'f O SF'To9 PRESENTED A PROGRAM AND Sl.UDES ON THE QDEN T O l =3 j ,:l,.'G'CoN at=' S O N TEXA S A LARGE COIl..Il..ECTDON OF REAIl.. BATS WAS ON H,ii,ND t='OR u.::M ONST R,!i,= '110 ALIl.. THE CARR'I'DNG CAVERS COMPO!'..ED THEIR EFFORTS AND PRESENTED ,I\N EREST I NG SER 0 i::S I)IF' ALL 'fHE CIl..UB TR IPS .. ADE TI-! g S SEMESTERo A SM ,(l,!l.,l'., GR OUP OF 3 MEMBERS MADE A TR8P TO G YPSUM CAVES ON THE NORTHWEST AREA ON 90 SO S 'THE TTSS AS THE TREASURER GRASPS THE Il..EF'T OVER DUES AND HEADS O F F 00 Me:xaco T HE SUMMERo ooUN'l"OL FJU.,Lo GROTTO SUMMER ADDRESS: 2210 SHORELUNE DROVE\) TEXAS THE WEEKEND OF MAy 8=9 MARKED THE DATE OF THE ANNUAL MEEYONG OF' THE SF'ELEOLOG3CAL SURVEYo (THE ARKo SoSo 08 ONE OF' THE ONLV CHARTERED V E V S OF THE NAT DONAL CAL SoCO ET'V'o) THE MEE'iiU NG WAS HEIl.D THE ROVER STA T E PARK AND DNCLUDED SUCH THQNGS ON THE PROGRAM ROCK CIbOMBO G!) OUE SQUAD PRb\,CTOCEIl BOARD OIF' GOVERNORS MEETDNG9 AND A GENERAL SESSO {,' FOR K 8 Jl>.NO P'b\,PERS o

PAGE 20

THE TEXAS CAVER 4612 WATAUGA ROAD DALLAS, TEXAS 75209 OFFICIAL PUBLICATION OF THE TEXAS SPELEOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION NATIONAL SPELEOLOGICAL SOCIETY RETURN POSTAGE GUARANTEED TOI + + + + + + + f w t+ + + + + + + + + + + W N ill < .... N ....


Description
Contents: Dry Cave,
New Mexico / Lee Skinner and Pete Lindsley --
Project Dry Pot Stage 11 --
A tentative hypothesis on the origin of Dry Cave, New
Mexico / Jack C. Hamm --
Bone deposits found in Dry Cave --
Tips for the beginner / Bob Wood --
Caving courtesy / Ollene Bundrant --
On determining the depth of pits by audio methods / Carl
Kunath --
Project Deep plans take shape / Jim Estes --
The fine art and technique of eyeboiling / Tom Meador --
Cave sediments / Ruben M. Frank --
Photo tips / Carl Kunath --
Back issues of The Texas Caver in stock --
Grotto news.


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