Citation
The Texas Caver

Material Information

Title:
The Texas Caver
Series Title:
The Texas Caver
Creator:
Texas Speleological Association
Publisher:
Texas Speleological Association
Publication Date:
Language:
English

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Regional Speleology ( local )
Technical Speleology ( local )
Genre:
Newsletter
serial ( sobekcm )
Location:
United States

Notes

General Note:
Contents: Project Deep / James Estes -- Project Deep location map -- Nurdoo Zeplin / Charlie Loving -- Board of Governors meeting / Katherine Goodbar -- Ye olde history / Preston A. McMichael -- Cartoons -- B C cartoon by Lilly -- Return to Endless / Carl Kunath -- Plateau Cave / Carl Kunath -- Grotto news -- Photo tips by the editor -- Knots for cavers / George Gray.
Restriction:
Open Access - Permission by Publisher
Original Version:
Vol. 10, no. 7 (1965)
General Note:
See Extended description for more information.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
K26-04490 ( USFLDC DOI )
k26.4490 ( USFLDC Handle )
10649 ( karstportal - original NodeID )
0040-4233 ( ISSN )

USFLDC Membership

Aggregations:
Karst Information Portal

Postcard Information

Format:
Serial

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Full Text

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T.S'A 3ZTE XAS CAVER

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VOLUv1E X NUtvf3ER 7, JULV, 1965 COVER s CAVE PEARLS! MANV CAVERS HAVE NEVER SEEN A CAVE PEARL AND MOST' WILL NEVER HAVE THE OPPORTUNITV TO SEE CAVE PEARLS AS NICE AS THOSE PICTURED ON THIS MONTH'S COVER. PHOTOGRAPH BV, BLAIR CONTENTS: PAGE 127 PROJECT DEEP BV JAMES ESTES 130 PROJECT DEEP LOCATION MAP 131 NURDOO & ZEPLIN BV CHARLIE LOVING 1)4 BOARD OF GOVERNORS MEETING BV KATHERINE GOODBAR 135 YE OLDE HISTORV BV PRESTON A. McMICHAEL 136 CARTOONS 1)8 B C CARTOON BV LILLV 139 RETURN To ENDLESS BV CARL KUNATH 140 PLATEAU CAVE BV CARL KUNATH 141 GROtTO NEWS 143 PHOTO TIPS BV THE EDITOR 146 KNOTS FOR CAVERS BV GEORGE GRAV THE TEXAS CAVER IS A MONTHLV PUBLICATION OF THE TEXAS SPELEOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION AND IS PUBLISHED IN DALLAS, TEXAS. SUBSCRIPTION IS $3.00 PER VEAR FOR 12 ISSUES. M ATERIAL FOR PUBLICATION SHOULD BE TVPED DOUBLE-SPACED AND SENT TO THE EDITOR NO LATER THAN THE 1ST OF EACH MONTH OF ISSUE. EDITOR_________________ PETE LINDSLEV Ass I ST A i H ED I TO R------TVPIST---------------ARTWORK---------------GROTTO NEWS EDITOR----PHOTO TIPS EDITOR-----CURRENT EVENTS EDITOR-LITHOGRAPHER-----------CHUCK LARSEN KATHERINE GOODBAR NORMAN ROBI NSON BERT OLSEN CARL KUNATH JIM ESTES RRVANT LILLV OFFICERS OF THE TEXAS SPELEOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION FOR THE CURRENT YEAR AREs CHAIRMAN-----------____ PETE LINDSLEV VICE CHAIRMAN---------CARL KUNATH SECRETARV-TREASURER----KATHERINE GOODBAR 6621 SUNNVLAND LANE DALLAS, TEXAS 75214

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n TEXAS CAVERII JuLY, 1965 [ PROJECT PROJECT I N NUTSHELL I PLACEg DEEP CAVEll CARTA TEXAS DATESz SEPTEMBER:3 6.,. 1965 T 7100 P.M SEPTEMBER :3RD PURPOSE a EXPLORATION, MAPPING, AND STUDY DESpl FOR WHOMs ALL TSA CAVERS, AND GUESTS WHO ARE WILLING TO DO SOME HARD WORK. By THE TIME THI8 18SUE THE CAVER REACHES YOU, IT WILL 8E LESS THAN A MONTH TIME, 19651 FOLKS WHO HAVE BEEN TO A PREVIOUS REGION PROJECT KNOW WHAT A GOOD IS IN STOBE THEM, AND THOSE WHO HAVE NOT MADE A PROJECT HAVE SOMETHING TO LOOK TO. THIS YEAR'S PROJECT 18 NO EXCEPTION AS YAR A8 PROJECT8 GO, HOWEVER, THIS YEAR THERE WILL BE A LITTLE MORE WORK INVOLVED. THE NATURE THE CAVES, THE GOAL ACCOMPLISHMENTS, AND THE ATTAINMENT OF TH08E GOALS IN SO SHORT A TIME WILL NO DOUBT MAKE THI8 YEAR'8 PROJECT ONE TO BE LONG REMEMBERED. DEEP CAVE, THE LARGEST AMONG THREE (THE OTHERS BEING BLOWHOLE CAVE AND PUNKIN CAVE) IS RATHER ODD. HoUSTON CAVERS HAVE MEASURED A DEPTH OF OVER 250 IN THE WEST CHASM, AND THERE IS ANOTHER PIT THAT HAS NEVER BEEN MAPPED IN THE EAST CHASM BELOW THE HELICTITE ROOM. YOU HAVE NEVER 8EEN BREAKDOWN ARE IN Fon n t I T DEE? SOME BLOCKS RIVAL THE SIZE OF A HOU8E! IF YOU HAVE NEVER CRAWLED OVER SHARP CORAL DEEP CAVE HAS lOME THAT WILL 8CRATCH YOU ON ALL FOUR SIDESt YOU CAN IMAGINE AN ANT CRAWLING IN81DE A MOUNTAIN OF COURSE GRAVEL, YOU WILL HAVE A PICTURE WHAT 18 TO BE EXPECTED AT DEEP CAVE. THERE ARE LARGER ROOM8, AND SOME NtCE FORMATION8, BUT YOU HAVE TO WORK TO GET TO THEM. THE PURP08E "PROJECT DEEP" WILL BE TO EXPLOREIl MAP, SURVEY, AND STUDY THE THREE CAVES, WHOSE ENTRANCES ARE LOCATED SEVERAL HUNDRED YARDS YROM ONE ANOTHER. THE PURPOSE OF A PROJECT BEING HELD AT DEEP IS TWDYOLDI THE THREE CAVES HAVE MANY THINGS IN COMMON; BREAKDOWN, AIRFLOW, AND TEMPERATURE VARIATIONS, THEREBY A POTENTIAL LINK-UP IS SUSPECTED. SECONDLY, DEEP CAVE 18 A TOUGH ONE TO MAP, AND REQUIRES A REGION ENDEAVOR TO ACCOMPLISH ANYTHING WORTHWHI LE. THIS PROJECT PROMISES TO BE ONE THE MOST ORGANIZED ONES, AND THE NECESSITY OF CAREFUL FIR8T AID PLANNING 18 IMPORTANT. THERE ARE PIT8, AND THERE IS SOME LOOSE BREAKDOWN (ONE CAVER A COUPLE OF YEAR8 AGO NARROWLY MI88ED BEING HIT BY A 500-POUND BOULDER). CoNSEQUENTLY, A FIR8T-AID 8TATtON WILL BE MANNED 24 HOURS DAILY NEAR THE ENTRANCE FOR PRECAUTION. IT WILL ALSO BE MANDATORY THAT ALL PERSONS ENTERING DEEP CAVE (THERE IS NO ROPEWORK INVOLVED) BE REGISTERED AT A SPECIAl. ENTRANCE RE*18TRATION DESI< WHICH WILL BE MANNED AT ALL TIMESg IT WILL ALSO BE NECESSARY TO KNOW WHO IS IN THE CAVE AT ALL TIMES AND THEIR DESTINATIONo GEORGE GRAY OF ABILENE, CHAIRMAN OF THE H08T GROTTO FOR THE PROJECT, HAS ALREADY PREPARED OVER 50 DIRECTIONAL SIGNS AND INFORMATIONAL CONVENIENCE THOSE ATTENDING. THE ROUTE TO THE CAVE WILL BE WELL MARKED,

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PAGE 128 THE TEXAS CAVER, JULY, 1965 ANC NO TROUBLE IS ANTICIPATED FOR ANYONE FINDING THE CAMPSITE. LATRINE AREAS FOR MEN AND WOMEN WILL BE CONSTRUCTED. PRECAUTIONARY FIRE PAILS WILL BE SCAiTERED THROUGHOUT THE CAMP AREA FOR ANY EMERGENCY THAT MIGHT ARISE. TRAILS WILL BE CLEARLY MARKED TO BE AT BOTH BLOWHOLE AND PUNKIN CAVES. PROJECT HEADQUARTERS AT THE CAMPSITE. REGISTER UPON ARRIVAL. HANDLING THIS EACH CAVE. VOLUNTARY REGISTRATION WiLL GENERAL PROJECT REGISTRATION WILL BE AT EACH PERSON ATTENDING PROJECT DEEP SHOULD CHORE WILL BE OLLENE BUNDRANT OF SAN ANTONIO AND KATHERINE GOODBAR OF DALLAS, AMONG SEVERAL OTHERS. IN CIVING PERMISSION FOR THIS PROJECT TO BE HELD ON HIS PROPERTY, THt LAND OWNER ASKS THAT THERE BE TWO COND1TIONS: FIRES! AND NO ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES ANYWHERE ON THE PREMISES. As AT PAST PROJECTS WE ANTICIPATE FULL COOPERATION FROM EACH PERSON ATTENDING. WE HAVE A GOOD RECORD AS GOOD GUESTS WHEREEVER WE GO LET's KEEP IT THAT WAY. PLEASE COME PREPARED TO WORK AT PROJECT DEEP. SEVERAL TEAMS WiLL BE ORGANIZED, WE HOPE, IN ADVANCE OF THE START OF THE ENDEAVOR. EACH TEAM WILL BE DIVIDED INTO SEGMENTS AN EXPLORATION PARTY, AND A MAPPING PARTY. THIS TWOSIDED TEAM WILL ACT AS A UNIT, KEEPING WITHIN EAR-SHOT AT ALL TIMES. SINCE DEEP CAVE IS A LITTLE MIXED UP IN PLACES, IT WILL BE NECEsSARYFOR THE EXPLORERS TO PICK OUT THE BEST POSSIBLE ROUTE FOR THE MAPPERS, WHO WILL UNDOUBTEDLY BE WORKING SLOWLY. THREE EXPLORERS AND THREE MAPPERS IS A GOOD NUMBER, HOWEVER TWO EXPLORERS ONLY WOULD PROBABLY BE LESS CONGESTING. EACH TEAM WILL BE PROVIDED SURVEY NOTEBOOKS, PENS, STATION MARKERS, AND A SKETCH MAP OF THE EXPLORED PORTION OF THE CAVE. AT LEAST TWO TELEPHONES WILL BE INSTALLED IN THE CAVE FOR CONVENIENCE AND EMERGENCIES. WILL BE MANNED AT ALL TIMES, AND PERIODIC CHECKS MADE TO INSURE GOOD WORKING ORDER. UPON EMERGING FROM TRE CAVE, EACH TEAM MEMBER SHOULD CHECK OUT WITH THE CAVE REGISTRAR, THEN TAKE SURVEY NOTES TO THE PROJECT SECRETARY ON DUTY. THESE NOTES WILL BE TALLIED AND HANDED OVER TO THE PROJECT DRAFTSMAN, CHUCK LARSEN OF GARLAND, WHO WILL TRY TO KEEP A RUNNING LINE MAP OF THE CAVE A8 THINGS PROGRESS. THE UPPER LEVEL OF DEEP CAVE, THE LOW-CEILING ROOM NEAR THE ENTRANCE, WILL BE OFF-LIMITS. THIS IS NECESSARY, FOR ONE OF THE TELEPHONES WiLL BE LOCATED BELOW IN A PIT THAT DROPS FROM THIS ROOM, AND LOOSE MATERIAL MUST BE KEPT FROM FALLING ON THE COMMUNICATIONS MAN ON DUTY. THE ONLY PERSONS ALLOWED IN THE UPPER LEVEL ROOM WILL BE A MAPPING TEAM AT THE BEGINNING OF THE PROJECT, AND PERSONS COLLECTING THE CAVE FAUNA WHICH ABOUNDS THERE. ONE MAPPING TEAM CAN WORK BOTH PUNKIN CAVE (A RE SURVEY) AND BLOWHOLE CAVE. THE CAVE BIOLOGY MEN WILL FIND BOTH THESE CAVES I NTEREST I NG. CAMPING WILL BE IN A MARKED OFF AREA NOT FAR FROM THE WATER SOURCE, THE TRAIL TO THE CAVES, AND THE MAIN RANCH ROAD. PLEASE PLAN TO CAMP ONLY IN THE DESIGNATED AREA SO AS NOTTO DESTROY THE RANCHER'S GRASS CROP. IT IS SPARSE IN THAT PART OF THE COUNTRY. IN THE CAMPSITE WILL BE LOCATED THE LARGE HEADQUARTERS TENT, THE DRAFTMANS TENT, THE FIRST AID CENTER, AND COMMUNICATIONS. A CONCESSIONS SERVICE IS PLANNED SO THAT TRAFFIC MAY BE KEPT TO A MINIMUM ON THE RANCH ROAD, AND SO THAT BUMP GATES MAY BE PRESERVED AS MUCH AS POSSIBLE. A RESPONSIBLE' GROTTO WILL HANDLE CONCESSIONS, AND MOST LIKELY COLD DRINKS, CANDV, AND CIGARETTES WILL BE PROVIDEC ON ORDER OR FOR SALE. No CAMPING WILL BE DONE AT THE WINDMILL AND STOCK TANK. SoME CLEAN UP MAY BE DONE, AND WATER SUPPLIES REPLENISHED, BUT LEAVE THIS AREA FOR THE OWNER'S LIVESTOCKI SoME OF THE PHASES OF PROJECT STUDY WILL INCLUDE: BIOLOGICAL SURVEY: HEADED BY JAMES REDDELL OF AUSTIN, AND DEWAVNE DICKEY OF

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THE TEXAS JULY 1965 PAGE .129 A.BUl.ENE. CoIl-l.ECTCON OF CAV E FAUNS9 CDENTDF'lCATUON AND EVENTUAl.LV (wnrHaN 60 DAY S ON Al.L REPORTS9 DF P OSSOBLE9 AFTER THE CLOSE OF THE P, f U IU .. REPORT OF Al.L F'!NDCNGS WDLL BE M ADE. GEOLOGiCAL SURVEY: HEADED B Y DCNALD E. HALLUNGER OF' AaLLENEo A CHECK OF /I,REA GEOL(l)G'V AND TOPOGRAPH'V9 AND A STU D'V OF THE LiMESTONE ON CAVES' ARE FORMEDo FOSSOL COl.l.ECTION9 RELIEF STUDIES\) CAVE FORMATDONI) ETC. PALEONTOLOGY AND SURVEYg T o BE ANNO UNCEDo METEOROLOGICAL DATA AND RECORDiNGS WOl.l. BE M ADE AT THE CAVE B V "JUM ESTES OF AB m l.ENE AND OTHERSo TH n S SHOULD PROVE I NT EREST I NG I N V! EW OF THE FACT 'iloUrb EACH CAVE HAS A REPORTED A i R FLOW9 AND THE BLOWHOL E CAVE BREATHES AI R ((UHE FOIRCD BIlo'V AT TIMESo AMON G OTHE R THI NGB\) SEVERAIL PERSONS BE NEEDED TC MAN THE TELEPHONES ALL '' UMES\) THE REGiST RATION DESK\) AND RUN ERRANDSo ALSCI) DF ANYONE FEEL S [ARTICUILARLV INTERESTED IN A CERTAIN PHASE OF THEPROJoJIECT OR HELPING OUT IN C.NE OF THE STUDIES\) P L EASE I NDICATE THIS ON A PRE=REGI8TRATtON C A RD BEING MAD LED o EACH TSA MEMBER. I F YOU FAI L TC RECEIV E A CARD9 PLEASE WRITE A LETTER T O HE COORDINATOR9 JIM ESTESo A LS09 IF' VCU HAVE A BRUNTON COMP ASS, A 1 ST EEL T OR A NON=MAGNET I C TR I PO D THAT Y O U WOULD LEND THE PRO.8ECT P L E A S E INDICATE ON CARDo IN ADDIT ION\) WOU'-.D BE G OOD TO KNOW AT ABOU T Wyft.T TIME YOU wtl.L EXPECT TO ARRI V E AT THE PRO.JECT 81 TE. LOCAT I ON OF' THE PROJECT I S E A S Y 0 FROM ROCKSPR a NGSf) TEXAS\) DR I 'VE WEST ON U S 317 TO CARTA VALLE Y\) NOTE THE TSA SIGN ACROSS THE HIGHWAV FROM THE STORE AND FOLl.OW THE SIGNS F O R A BOUT SIX MILES TO THE FROM SoNORA AND Pr.!lN'rS NORTH!) GO SOUTH ION Uo S. 277 TO DTS clIUNCTURE WiTH Uo So 377\) THENCE NORTHco E AST TO C A RTA VALLE Y 9 THEN FOLLOW THE SIGNSo FRO M DEL RIO GO NORTH ON UoSd 277 AND 377 TIO C A RTA VALLE V o D R I V E C AREF ULl.Y! TAKE IT E A S Y WVTH THE s; x OR SEVEN B U M C GATES BETWEE N C ARTA V.II ,U"E'Il' AND THE CAMPSITEo AMONG EXTRAS AT THIS YEAROS TSA PRO.8 ECT 813 A BULtLETIN BO ARD9 WAtLKIE= 1'.'\'!...KIE BETWEEN HEA DQUARTERS AND DEEP CAVE ENTRANCE9 A FENCE S T i L E 1'0 JlVOBO FENCE DAM AGE\) AND THE PUNKI N CAVE BAT FLDGHT. A BOARD OF GOVERNORS MEETING WilLE.. BE S UNDA'Il' MORN I N G\) SEPTEMBER 5TH A Y 9 g00 AM o GROTTOESg CIL UBS\) AND INDEP ENDENT CAVERS APPOINT YOUR FOR THiS MEET ING9 A S N EW TSA OFFICERS wOR 1966 WILtL B E NCM8NATEO AND OTHER IMP(o'RTANT MATTERS WIIloL BE D8SCUSSEIDo A FINAL COMPREHENSIVE AND MAP as PLANS ARE BEDNG M ADE TO !W;b,i.J D E THE REPORT IN THE NSS BUlLETUNg AND COlPIES O F REPO R T WUIloL BE "ltLA BtLE f'H'{ AT A LATER DATE AT MINOM UM COST. O THER THINGS ARE IN THE PLANNING STAGE FOR THE 1965 TSA PROoJlECT9 PROJECT B U T THE IMPO RTANT THONG NOW --... T O PLAN TO ATTEND AND PAIRTICOPATE. THERE MA' r BE A FEW SURPR I SESI) TOO! REMEMBER SEPTEMBER AND 69 19650 W E?LL SEE YOU THERE r J AMES ESTES g COORDDNATOR 2818 S. 39TH STREET ABllloENEg 79605

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PAGE 130 THE TEXAS CAVER, JULV, 196 5 Lac.AlltJN, MAP------------------(!. b l C> gO", $ =r ------..::::::.----=___ \ \ \ r --\ I \ \

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THE TEXAS CAVER, JULV, 196 5 PAGE 131 ZEPLIN

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PAGE 132 THE TEXAS CAVER, 1965 AND 80 "IlIr .&"I.UNKIII1I "1110 ClJ,OUP -.ou"'D 't'O"nl1 WILOU,...", O' 01.11 UP A GUIDS .,. !.AI. ellA' WHO I.OOICI IIONU't ""'D'TIIUI: .. A\\O wHO ''PIAl<, AIIIO 11M A (jIa ... 1'1'40 CIICV Wilit A CllII'I'LU f1toIi, aUIc." 'lllaftl" W'"L WHUI&, live. .spol' 'TIII'I( MUD d m.IR: ..... c:wu ISM&( "N"'lsH "". ALWAIo\s Rip. of M&XICI:I C4. MIll. ""'" ""1lIj 11Il001*'1 011' 11l1li Alf(f to LII' 10\& M!oW VtU \oj IiIf ofIfl\ "'''' ..... 1,1. 'Do, .li IIOW M41/U 10 01&.,_ "T qo .... .,. SIIU GIll., IIAIID "'. o\Ho'TIIM 'lIaR -..1IQUILo\ .... 0

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THE TEXAS CAVER, JULV, 1965 PAGE 133 -NURDOo 15 EATEN By A 'PUSroiMANTESI'\O I.JlAIlO /" So "'1l'H us 10 IHiO YEAR . ",..0 1IIE \\tRIILING of NURDOO e AND 1llEI" C'lW\PIOH SUPR O.'JER . ISSUE OUR GANG MEETS SupeR CAVeR III -tit. -+;;1\ CAR61DE liA-( ..

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PAGE 134 THE TEXAS CAVER, JULV, 1965 \ B. O. G. MEETING THE TSA ROARD OF GOVERNORS MEETING IS GETTING TO BE SYNONYMOUS WITH THE CACTUS CAFE IN SAN SABA. FOR THE FOURTH YEAR REPRESENTATIVES MRS. BARKER'S FINE HOSPITALITY AND HASHED OVER THE PROBLEMS OF THE REGION. DELEGATES FROM SIX N.S.S. GROTTOES AND THE INDEPENDENT CAVERS WHO CAME IN WITH SOME APPREHENSION OVER THE ANTICIPATED BUSINESS, FOUND THEMSELVES IN COMPLETE AGREEMENT AND THE REGION IN A HEALTHY CONDITION. JAMES REDDELL REPORTED THAT THE TEXAS SPELEOLOGICAL SURVEY HAS SOME NEW SUBSCRIBERS AND THAT BOTH THE FIRST PART OF THE SURVEY ON EDWARDS COUNTY AND A NEW CAVE CHECK LIST SHOULD BE OUT IN ABOUT 2 WEEKS. RILL RUSSELL SAID THAT THE Asso CIATION FOR M EXICAN CAVE STUDIES IS PUTTING TOGETHER A SLIDE SERIES FOR LOAN TO OTHER GROTTOES, AND IS PLANN I NG TO HAVE THE Af,,1CS NEWSLETTER PR I NT EO SO T 'HAT I T WI LL CONTAIN PICTURES. PETE LINDSLEY TOLD THE GROUP THAT THE TEXAS CAVER IS AT THE MOMENT IN SATISFACTORY FINANCIAL CONDITION. WHILE THERE HAS BEEN SOME DIFFICULTY WITH PRINTERS, THf' PRESENT PRINTER SEEMS RELIABLE AND IT IS HOPED THAT ISSUES WILL B E ON TIME. GILL RUS3ELL REPORTING FOR THE CONSERVATION COMMITTEE SAID THAT LARGE CONSERVATION SIGNS AT THE ENTRANCE TO CAVES IN MEXICO SEEM TO BE HELPING CURB VANDAL ISM HE SUGGESTED THAT THE CONSERVATION COMMITTEE BE EXPANDED TO INCLUDE REPRESENTATIVES FROM EACH GROTTO AND CLUB. THE DELEGAlTES VOTED TO APPROPR I ATE FROM THE TSA TREASURY $5.00 FOR IMMEDIATE EXPENSES FOR THE CONSERVATION COMMITTEE, AND TO SET UP A $20.00 r.ONTINGENCY FUND TO BE MADE AVAILAOLE FOR GATING CAVES IN THE FUTURE. UP TO THIS TIME THESE GATES HAVE BEEN PAID FOR BY INDIVIDUALS BECAUSE IT WAS NOT POSSIBLE TO GET A VOTE FROM THE ROARD OF GOVERNORS IN TIME TO KEEP THE RANCHER FROM CLOSING THE CAVE. DEAD DOG CAVE WAS GATED TO SAVE IMPORTANT BIOLOGICAL SPECIMENS AND Y CAVE WAS GATED BECAUSE IT WAS GEOLOGICALLY INTERESTING AND WAS AN ARCHEOLOGICAL AND PALEONTOLOGICAL SITE. IT WAS ALSO VOTED THAT TOM M EADOR BE REIMBURSED $13.00 FOR THE GATE TO Y CAVE. OLLENE 8UNDRANT REPORTED ON THE NSS CONVENTION IN BLOOMINGTON, INDIANA. JAMES R EDDELL OF UT GROTTO WAS WELCOMED AS A MEMBER OFTHE NSS ROARD OF GOVERNORS. A GREA T MANY OF THE PHOTO SALON AWARDS WENT TO TEXAS ENTRIES. TEXAS HAD ABOUT 12 DELEGATES. GEORGE GRAY REPORTED ON THE PLANS FOR DEEP (SEE PAGE 127, THIS ISSUE). THE TSA 80ARD OF GOVERNORS SEPTEMBER MEETING WAS SET FOR 9:00 AM, SEPT. 5. IT WAS BROUGHT OUT THAT THERE IS A NEED FOR AERIAL PHOTO S AND A DVE TEST AT POWELL CAVE, AND CARL KUNATH WiLL CHECK INTO THE POSSIBILITIES OF ANOTHER POWELL CAVE IN THE FUTURE. FIRST ON THE LIST WILL BE THE COMPLETION OF THE "WELL PROJECT" IN THE WATER PASSAGE. THE WARM ISSUE OF TSA ;,1EM8ERSHIP CARDS WAS FINALLY BROUGHT UP. DURING DISCUSSION OF THE ANSWERS TOM M EADciR RECEIvED FROM LETTERS TO MEMBERS OF THE NSS BOG, THE FOLLOWING POINTS WERE MADE: (1) NSS CARDS PROVIDE SUFFICIENT IDENTIFICATION, (2) NO CARD CAN SUBSTITUTE FOR THE IMPRESSION THE RANCHER GETS OF THE CAVER IN PF.:RSONAL CONTACT, (3) ANY SYSTEr.l SHOULD CONTAIN 80TH IDENTIFICATION AND EDUCATION (4) THE CAVER SHOULD CARRY A POSITIVE IT IS IMPORTANT THAT IDENTIFICATION OF SOM E KIND DE PROVIDED S O THAT THE RANCHER WILL KNOW WHO TO COMPLAIN TO IN HE IS DISPLEASED IN ANY WAY. SINCE THE ENTIRE ISSUE WAS FOR THE PURPOSE OF PROTECTING THE RANCHER AND ESTA BLISHING BETTER CAVER-RANCHER RELATIONS, IT WAS VOTED TO DISCONTINUE THE MEMBERSHIP CARDS AND TO REPLACE THEM WITH A SIMPLE CONSERVATION PAMPHLET. THIS PAMPHLET WOULD GIVEN T O THE RANCHER AT THE TIME

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THE TEXAS CAVER, JULY, 1965 THE CAVER ENTERS Hie PROPERTY AND WOULD HAVE A AT THE BOTTOM YHE MEMBERS OF THE CAVING TO WRITE IN THEIR NAMES AND ADDRESSES. IT WOULD ALSO GIVE EMERGENCY ADDRESSES IN CASE ACCIDENT. A DEADLINE 1 WAS SET FOR THE ABILENE AND UT CoMMITTEE WHO IS MAKING THE DRAFT OF THE PAMPHLET. WHEN JAMES REDDELL ASKED THE OF THE DELEGATE. ON THE OF ENDORSEMENT FOR NSS MEMBERSHIP, THE FOLLOWING WERE (1) THE ENDORSEMENT IS THE ONLY CONTROL NSS HAS OVER ITS (2) MEMBERSHIP SEEMS MORE DESIRABLE IF IT HAS SOME RESTRICTIONS; (3) NSS CEASEa TO BE A PRESTIGE ORGANIZATION IF THERE IS NO CONTROL; (4) THE REGION TAkES EVERYONE FOR PURPOSES OF EDUCATION, AND THE NSS SHOULD REMAIN THE ELITE OF CAVERS. WHEN THE MEETING REPRESENTATIVES GOOD FOOD, QOOD TALK, GOOD BLIDES, AND THE .ATI8FACTION OF A HIGHLV MEETING. SAN SABA, TEXAS 27 JUNE, 1965 YE OlOE HISTORY KATHERINE GOODBAR SECRETARY, TSA PICTURE THE PA.T I'VE TAKEN A GUIDED TOUR THROUGH A CAVE. THE CAVE ,. LONG IT STRETCHE. FROM THE BACK INTO THE 1940's BUT MY GUIDE BEEN AN O NE. HE HAl OUT THE INTERESTING ALONG THE WAY AND GIYEN MI F A CTS IN A LANGUAGE I CAN UNDERITANC. FOR THE CAVE II TtMEI AND IN IT ARI ALL THE EYENTS AND THAT HAVE A IN THE CREAT ION THAT:
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PAGE 136 THE TEXAS CAVER, UULV, 1965

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n X 1 II t C i. y g b ) 9 \ S 't 1"T MUST /f-AVE R..MNc/J J.. S, rvlG-HT" .. ==:--..=;.... -THE TEXAS CAVER, JULV, 1965 '\til r."s-PAGE 137 .. BUT i!flt T'S You TO sERVE

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PAGE 138 [3.( THE TEXAS CAVER, JULV, 1965 GOOD GRIEF I I LOST M Y WALLET W ITH MY NSS CARD I SOMEON E CRAVot. RACK IN, AND TRY TO FIND ITI \\ THAT WAS N'T THJ!"RE W/-I fII W. CAM t: IN . ... 1 STI LL SAY, AN'lONE THAT SKYDIVES IS CRAZY"

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THE TEXAS CAVER, JULY, 1965 PAGE 1J9 RETURN TO ENDLESS Is ENDLESS CAVE REALLY ENDLESs1 FftIENDS, IT'a BEQINNING TO. LOOK THA'TT' WAY. IT GOES AND GOES AND e . THE WEEKEND OF 19 JUNE, I MANAGED TO TALK DAVID WOOD AND JIMMY RAY INTO A TRIP TO ENDLESS. WE ARRIVED AT NOON SATU"DAY AND SET ON THE SCENIC HILLSIDE BELOW McKITTRICK HILL. AN HOUR LATER WE WE"E SQUAftED AWAY TOPSIDE AND HEADED FOR THE CAVE. WE BEQAN IN TH FIRST TO THE AND HOURS LATER WE WERE STILL IN THAT AREA. IT TUftNED INTO A ftATHE" EXTEN SIVE MAZE BUT WE FINALLY GOT IT ALL. THIS 19 THE ONLY SECTION OF ENDLEaa THAT I FEEL HAS BEEN COMPLETELY CHECKED OUT. MUCH OF THE FLOe" IN THIS OF THE CAVE IS COVERED WITH TRAVEftTINE DAMS TO 8" HIGH. ONE LA"GE WAS FOUND WITH A CRUDE SIGN NEAftBY ua THAT THIS WAS THE -LITTLE RoCK OF AGES". As USUAL, THERE WAS AN ACCUMULATION aT"'NG ON THE FLOO" AND SEVEftAL HUNDRED ARROWa WHICH POINT EVERY WHICH WAY. ATTEft AN EXHILA"ATING HOURa OF MAPPING, WE SIGNED THE P.EGISTER THEftE ONLY A WEEK BEFOftE BY JIM PECK AND OTHERS OF THE KKK KOYEN8KY'S KARLSBAD KAYE"a), aTUMBLED BACK"TO THE CAR AND COLLAPSED. AFTER ABOUT 30 MINUTES IN THE 90 HEAT AND 20 MPH WIND WE WERE ALMOST READY TO GO CAYING AGAIN. THEN A GftEEN WITH CAVEftS HANGING ALL OVER IT CAME ROARING UP THE HILL. Lo AND BEHOLD, IT WAS CHESTE" CAR"ARA AND 5 OTHER CAVERS FROM ROSWELL. AFTER A BRIEF VISIT THEY TOOK OFF HEADED FOR DRY CAVE, AND WE ATE A MUCH NEEDED SUPPER. CAME .THE MORN AND WE"WERE IN THE CAVE ffY 9100 AM. I HAD MY FtRST OF THE CAVE WITH ME AND" WE SPENT 80ME TIME CORRECTING YARIOUS ERROR8 AND MAPPING SOME 300' OF NEW PASSAGE IN THE PROCESS. FINALLY WE QOT BACK TO THE PORTION THE CAVE WHICH WAS THE MAIN OF THE YRIP, NAMELY THE FORMATION AREAS OF THE CAVE. HERE WE EXERCISED OUR SELF CONTROL AS LONG AS POSSIBLE BEFORE WE STARTED EXPLORING AND TAKING PICTURES. THIS PORTION OF THE CAVE, WHILE WELL KNOWN TO CAVER8, IS NOT 80 WELL KNOWN BY THE ROCKHOUNDS, VANDALS, AND FORMATION-GRABBERS. HENCE, WHILE IT IS BADLY VANDALIZED, COMPARED WiTH SOME OTHER PARTS OF THE CAVE IT IS IN GOOD THE FIRST ROOM IS THE "GyPSUM ROOM" SO NAMED FOR THE LARGE EXPANSE OF TERRACED GYPSUM FLOOR. ALSO, IN THIS ROOM ARE SEVERAL LARGE COLUMNS AND BANKS OF FLOWSTONE. NOTABLE AMONG THESE IS THE "BREAST OF VENUS". A SHORT DISTANCE AWAY IS THE "GREEN LAKE ROOM". THIS ROOM MUST HAVE BEEN VERY BEAUTIFUL AT ONE TIME, AND IT IS STILL QUITE NICE IN SPITE OF THE DAMAGE. THERE ARE MANY SHALLOW LAKES IN ROOM WHICH ARE A BEAUTIFUL GREEN WHERE THEY ARE NOT FULL OF BROKEN FORMATIONS AND TRASH. THERE ARE "TABLE" FORMATIONS IN THE ROOM WHICH ARE VERY MUCH LIKE THE FORM ATIONS FOUND IN COTTONWOOD CAVE AND THE WELL KNOWN MERAMEC CAYERNS. THE TOPS OF THESE TABLES ARE COYERED WITH RIMSTONE DAMS. THE THIRD ROOM 'S CALLED THE "WAR CLUB ROOM". CIRCUMSTANCES HERE MUST HAVE BEEN MUCH THE SAME AS THOSE WHICH CAUSED THE WAR CLUBS IN THE CAVERNS OF SONORA. THERE IS A VERY DISTINCT MULTICOLORED WATER MAftK ALONG THE WALLS. EVERYTHING ABOVE THIS MARK IS PERFECTLY NORMAL (INCLUDING SOME RATHER NICE HELICTITES) AND EVERYTHING BELOW IT IS COVERED WITH A COATING OF VERY ROUGH VROWN CORAL. THE ROOM IS WELL DECORATED WITH 4 -6' HIGH TOTEM POLES AND SLENDER STALACTITES. THE OLDER AND LONGER STALACTITES HAVE LARGE DEPOSITS OF CORAL ON THEIR ENDS, AND THESE ARE THE "WAft CLUBS". IN MANY PLACES THE RECEDING WATER HAS LEFT SMALL PIECES OF "CAVE ICE" CEMENTED TO THE FORMATIONS, AND THE FLOOR, IN PLACES, IS COVERED WITH IT. AT THIS POINT WE WERE RUNNING OUT OF FOOD, FILM, FLASHBULAS, CARBIDE, AND ENERGY; SO WE HEADED OUT. IN THE PROCESS, WE STUCK OUR HEADS IN A SIDE PASSAGE AND SPENT AN HOUR IN STILL (CONTINUED ON PAGE 145)

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PAGE 140 THE TEXAS JULY, 1965 PLATEAU CAVE CLl.BERSON COI,JIITY, TEXAS WHAT CAVER HAS NOT BEEN TOLD OF A BOTTOMLESS Pt. ,N THE COURSE OF H+S ENDLE8S SEARCHING FOR CAVES? DURING THE SPRING OF 1962 WE (SUL Ross SPELEOLOGICAL SoCIETY) WERE TOLD OF SUCH A CAVE. WE WERE MORE THAN A L1TTLE SKEPTICAL BUT THE REPOAT CAME FROM WHAT WE CONSIDERED A RELIABLE SOURCE. HAVING NOTHING BETTER TO 00. WE SET OFF ONE FINE SPRING DAY TO SEE WHAT WAS WHAT. PARTICULAR PIT HAD AN INTERESTING STORY CONNECTED WITH IT. IT SEEMS THAT THE CAVE IS WITHIN A MILE OF THE RAILROAD TRACKS RUNNING ALONG WHAT IS NOW U.S. 80 BETWEEN KENT AND VAN HoRN. As THE STORY GOES; THE LAST TRAIN ROBBERY IN TEXAS WAS MADE AT TH I S SPOT BV FOUR HEAV I LV ARMED MEN. THE ROBBERY WA. S SUCCESSFUL TO THE TUNE OF SEVERAL BAGS OF GOLD. AT ANV RATE, THE ROBBERS 'WERE HOTLY PURSUED AND TOOK REFUGE IN THE CAVE. A GUN-BATTLE ENSUED IN AND AROUND THE CAVE DURING WHICH THREE OF THE FOUR WERE KILLED. THE FOURTH WAS CAPTURED SANS THE GOLD. HE REPORTEDLV MADE THE SOMEWHAT TRITE STATEMENT "You GOT ME BUT YOU'LL NEVER GET THE GOLD". A THOROUGH SEARCH OF THE CAVE TURNED UP NO GOLD BUT 010 REVEAL A RATHER NASTY PIT. AT THIS POINT THE POSSEE, BEING COMPRIZED FOR THE MOST PART OF RATHER SEN81BLE MEN, RETIRED TO THE NEAREST TAVERN TO PARTAKE OF SOME MUCH NEEDED REFRESHMENT AND TO FILE THEIR INSURANCE CLAIM. OUR INFORMANT HAD BEEN TO THE CAVE SOME YEARS BEFORE AND AT "THAT TIME HAD DESCENDED THE PIT A SHORT DISTANCE ON BELAY BEFORE DECIDING IT WAS A BIT TOO MUCH TO HANDLE. HIS DIRECTIONS WERE EXCELLENT AND WE FOUND THE CAVE TO BE MUCH AS HE HAD DESCRIBED IT. THE IS AN INCONSPICUOOS VERTICAL CRACK IN AN OUT-CROP OF CONGLOMERATE SANDSTONE. AFTER ENTERING, WE MADEA SHARP TURN TO THE LEFT:,AND DECENDED SOME 40' THROUGH BREAKDOWN. AT THE BOTTOM WAS A SMALL ROOM AND A PASSAGE TO THE RIGHT WHICH WE TOOK. AFTER CLIMBING DOWN A FEW MOAE FEET WE CAME THE PIT. AT THIS POINT WE WERE SLIGHTLY MORE THAN 100' BELOW THE ENTRANCE. A 2 x 6 WHICH OUR FRIEND HAD USED FOR HIS EXPLORATION WAS ACROSSTHE PIT WHICH AT THIS POINT WAS LITTLE MORE THAN A CRACK SOME 2' WiDE AND 8' LONG. AFTER EVERYONE WAS ASSEMBLED WE CALLED FOR QUIET AND TOSSED IN A ROCK. TEN SECONDS LATER THE SOUNDS FINALLV GOT TOO FAINT TO HEARl WE WERE PROPERLY IMPRESSED. BEING A BIT YOUNG AND FOOLHARDY, I VOLUNTEERED TO GO DOWN. (BESIDES, WHAT ABOUT THAT GOLD AT THE BOTTOM!) WE TIED ON '50' OF GOLDLINE AND OFF I WENT ON RAPPELL WITH ANOTHER 150 SLUNG AROUND MY NECK. THE PIT WAS ESSENTIALLY VERTICAL, BUT MUCH OF THE TIME I WAS JAMMED IN ONE END OF THE CRACK WHICH VARIED FROM 2' WIDE AND 10' LONG TO AS MUCH AS 25' WIDE AND 50' LONG. AT THE END OF THE 150' I FOUND MYSELF SUSPENDED IN SPACE IN ONE OF THE LARGER PORTIONS OF THE CRACK. BELOW ME THERE WAS MORE OF SAME. I MANAGED TO SWING OVER TO THE WALL AND GRAB A LOOSE ROCK WHICH I DROPPED DOWN THE HOLE BELOW ME. I WAS IN HOPES THAT THE DROP WOULD BE SHORT I IN WHICH CASE I PLANNED TO TIE ON THE EXTRA ROPE AND GO OW 'DO..,. SUCH WAS NOT THE CASE. How EVER, THIS TIME I COULD HEAR THE ROCK FOR ONLY ABOUT SIX 8ECOND8. I PROMPTLY TIED ON MY PRUSSIKS AND STARTED OUT. GOLD OR NO GOLD, THIS WAS TOO MUCH FOA ME. THE TRIP OUT WAS A REAL BEAR. RAPPELLING IN THAT CRACK WAS BAD ENOUGH, BUT PAUSIKING WAS TORTURE. IN ADDITION, THE ROPE BEGAN TO DISLODGE LOOSE ROCKS ABOVE ME AND ONCE AT ABOUT THE _100' LEVEL, A ROCK THE SIZE OF A FOOTBALL FLEW PAST ME MORE THAN 6" AWAY. SEVERAL TIMES I WAS HIT BV GOLF BALL SIZE ROCKS WHICH DENTED MY HARD HAT AND FLEW OFF HARMLESSLY. IN DUE TIME WE RETURNED TO ALPINE AND REPORTED THE CAVE TO JAMES REDDELL, THE DIRECTOR OF THE TEXAS SPELEOLOGICAL SURVEY. I FOR ONE, POUNDED THE DENTS OUT OF MV HARD HAT AND VOWED NEVER TO RETURN. (BESIDES, THE GOLD PROBABLY WASN'T THERE ANVWAY). (CONTINUED ON PAGE 145)

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THE TEXAS CAVER, 1965 PAGE 141 GROTTO NEWS ABILENE GROTTO, N.B.S. REGULAR MEETING Ofr THE GROTTO WAa HELD ON JUNE 1, THE MAJOR ITEM OF BUsiNEsaI!Nscus810N OF THE REGION T .. AMENDMENTS WERE MADE TO THE By-LAWS, ONE ON A.IOOIATE THE OTHER ON DISSOLUTION OF A.sETa. A REGULAR frlELD WAS MADE ON JUNE 19, THE ONLY REGULAR MEMBER BEING ABLE TO GO WAS GEORGE GRAY. HE WAS BY DoN WINKLES Ofr ABILENE AND PAUL RANGE AND Ofr SHAMRftCK, TEXA.. ANOTHER REAL COUNTY WAa MADE JUNE 4 BY BRVANT LILLY, DoN HALLINGER AND DEWAYNE DICKEY. MAIN ACTIVITY NOW 18 LOCATING ,.STRUMENTa AND frOR "PROJECT DEEP". THE GROTTO MET IN REGULAR SESSION JULV 6. MoRE PLANS WERE MADE, AND IT WAS VOTED TO PURCHASE A 8ET OF WALKIE-TALKIE8. SEE YOU AT THE GROTTO ADDRESSI 2818 SoUTH ST., ABILENE, TEXAa GROTTO, N.S.S., ANOTHER GREAT NSS CONVENTION HAS SLO.HED ITa WAY INTO HISTORV AND THE FOUR ALAMO CAVERS WHO MADE IT IT WAS A BALL; OLLENE, LUTHER, AND MIKE BUNDRANT SCHRUMPfr (WHO WILL lOON JOIN HUSBAND RoN FOR THE INTERNATIONAL MEET IN CZECHOSLOVAKIA) SAW ALL THE SIGHTS, INCLUDING THE FORMATION AT THE BACK OF THE SOO FOOT CRAWLWAY IN WVANDOTTE. MIKE CONTINUED TO WASHINGTON D.C. frOR THE IAR MEET AND A WIDER VIEW OF THE WORLD. JULY 4TH WEEK END PROMlaES ANOTHER GROTTO OVERNIGHT AT A GOOD SWIMIIIIING::HOLE ON THE NEAR BOERNE MAVBE EVEN MORE FUN THAN LAST VEAR WHEN WE 8OAKED,'.AT CONOAN PROBABLV NO CAVING, BUT THEN, VOU CAN'T HAVE EVERVTHING. JOHN ALLI80N AND OTHER BRIGHT LIGHTS IN THE GROTTO ARE ON:,aBOUT DESIGNING AN ALAMO GROTTO SANNER. THIS BE GOOD 80R MONTHS OF DEBATE COLORS, SIZE SHAPE, WORD'NG AND WHO IS TO CARRY IT WHEN OHARGING DUG-IN RANCHERS WHO DON'T WANT NO MORE ON THEIR LANDt GROTTO ADDREBS lal 54B BABCOOK RD., SAN ANTONIO, TEXAa BALCONES GROTTO, N.S.S., TOM BARR, FROM THE INSTITUTE OF AT THE UNIVERSITY 0,. KENTUOKV, HAS BEEN HERE .TUDYING TEXAS CAVE BEETLES. HEH4AI F IVE RARE ONE OF THEBE BEING THE LUNDaFORD, CAVE BEETLE, FOUND ONLY IN THE LUNDeFORD CAVE. AUITIN CAVERN8 18 BAOK IN THE NEWS. ALL THE RA,N WE'VE HAD HAS WAIHEO OUT ONE OLD ENTRANCE AND 8EVERAL GROTTO MEMIERa HAVE 8EEN ,N, HOWEVER, THEV WERE AT ANOTHER ENTRANOE THAT HAS BEEN WALLED OFF. MAVIE WITH lOME MORE RA'N, WE HEAR THAT PLANI FOR THE COMMERCiALIZATION OF LAUBAOH CAVE ARE IEING FINALIZED. THE GROTTO II PLANN,NQ A TRIP TO GORMAN FOR NEW MEMIER' AND A TRIP TO SoUTHERN MEXICO FOR ANYONE 'NTEREITEO. IF ENOUQH FUNDS MATERIALIZE, AN AERIAL SURVEY 18 PLANNED, AHo HERE'a A WORD OF WARNINi T O ANvONE WHO RELAXEI THEIR SNAKE WATOH'NG A8 lOON AI THEV PAl' THE T.'LIGHT ZONE, DON'TI Two OF OUR MEMIERI THE PITCH ON A RICENT CAVINi UP-Coig CAVERNI, 80 IE GROTTO STAR ROUTE A, Box 87" TEXAI WORTH GROTTO, N.S.S., LEE SKINNER, PETE LINe'LEv, TOM JfM E;VATT (IANDIA, SP ENT OVER A WlDC IN THE Tt4E F IRST PART OF OF TH" EXPEI)I'ION, WHICH YIELDED NEW APPEAR IN' A EO'TION OF THE TEXAS CAVER. OUR NEWE.T MIMIER II CHUCK ROMINGER 0" FORT WORTH, CHUCK HAS P-REVIOU8LY A MEMBER THE PECOS AND HoNDO GROTTOES. ON 26.27, PETE LINDSLEV, BUROH, GLORIA BURCH, BLAIR AND GoODBAR ATTENDED THE TSA BOG MEETING IN SAN SA... MEANWHILE LEE SKINNER, LARRY AND LOIS REGISTER, AND DOUGLAS AND JEANNIE RHODEB (NEOG GROTTO) WENT TO EXPLORE MORE OF DRV CAVE, AND FOUND SEVERAL MORE NEW ROOM GROTTO ADDRESS I P.O. Box 28, RICHARDSON, TEXAS

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PAGE 142 THE TEXAS CAVER, J ,LLY, 1965 OF TEXAS GROTTO, N. S. S., NOT MUCH CAVING WAS DONE IN THE MONTH OF M,.:, Y BY U. T. CAVERS BECAUSE OF FINAL EXAMS. THE IMPORTANT EVENT OF THE MONTH WAS T H E ARRIVAL OR. TOM BARR AND BILL ANDREWS FROM THE UNIVERSITY OF KENTUCKY ON AN EXTENSIVE COLLECTING TRIP IN THE SOUTHWEST. JAMES REDDELL, BOB MITCHELL, BILL RUSSELL, TERRY RAINES, AND JOHN FISH GUIDED THEM TO MANY CAVES TO AID IN DR. BARR'S STUDY OF THE DISTRIBUTION AND THE DEGREE OF CAVE ADAPTATION OF RADINE BEETLES IN TEXAS. OR. BARR ALSO SHOWED SLIDES OF MAMMOTH CAVE AND ENGAGED IN MANY CONVERSATIONS ON VARIOUS ASPECTS OF CAVING. IMMEDIATELY AFTER THE LAST DAY OF FINALS, MAY 26, ORION KNOX, DAVID McKEN ZIE, JOHN FISH, AND ED ALEXANDER DEPARTED FOR Eo LEFT THE GROUP IN VICTORIA AND HEADED FOR CHAMAL AND XILITLA WHERE HE EXPLORED SEVERAL NEW CAVES AND LOCATED NEW PITS. DAVID, ORION, AND JOHN DROVE ON TO JUAMAVE WHERE BURROS WERE RENTED TO CARRY EQUIPMENT AS THEY HIKED THE 35 KM. OVER THE DESERT AND MOUNTAINS TO LA JOYA DE SALAS. THY ARRIVED GREATLY TIRED OUT BY THE EXHAUSTING HKIE BUT WERE REFRESHED BY A GOOD NIGHT'S SLEEP AND A SLIGHT SHOWER THE NEXT MORNING. AFTER THE RAIN CEASED THE THREE BEGAN TO EXPLORE, MAP, PHOTOGRAPH, AND COLLECT BIOLOGICAL MATERIAL IN THE SOTANO DE LA JOYA DE SALAS ONLY ABOUT ONE HUNDRED YARDS FROM THE SCHOOLYARD WHERE THEY HAD SLEPT. THE ENTRANCE IS A FISSURE MEASURING 115 FEET BY 25 FEET AT THE WIDEST POINT AND DROPPING SHEER FOR 258 FEET. THE OTHER MAJOR DROPS IN ORDER WERE 178, 57, 50, 54, AND 231 FEET, WITH THE TOTAL DEPTH 892 FEETI THIS MAKES IT THE FOURTH DEEPEST CAVE IN THE WESTERN HEMISPHERE. IN JUNE A LARGE GROUP OF U.T. SPELUNKERS INCLUDING JAMES REDDELL, TERRY RAINES, CINDY BAIRD, FREIDA MILLER, BOB BURNETT, JOHN FISH, BILL BELL, AND MERYDITH TURNER ATTENDED THE N.S.S. CoNVENTION IN BLOOMINGTON, INDIANA. T. R. EVANS, OUR LONG LOST BORNEO REPRESENTATIVE, RETURNED FROM THE PEACE CoRPS IN TIME TO JOIN THE CONVENTION DELEGATION. EVERYONE HAD A THOUROUGHLV ENJOVABLE TIME MEETING NEW PEOPLE, ATTENDIHe .... NARS, ETC. JAMES REDDELL WAS ELECTED TO THE N.S.S. BoARD OF GOVERNORS PRE"WCD A PAPER AT THE BIOLOGY SESSION, AND CONDUCTED THE BIOLOGY SEMINAR. MANV TEXAa OAVERS WALKED OFF WiTH PRIZES IN THE PHOTO SALON. THE A.M.C .S. ALSO ACquiRED TWENTY NEW MEMBERS. ONE THING MIGHT BE SAID FOR THE INDIANA CAVES: THEY ALMOST INVARIABLY CONTAI N WATER, WATER, BUT THEY ALSO ARE FREQUENTLY QUITE EXTENSIVE. WHILE THE CONVENTION WAS IN SESSION, BILL RUSSELL WAS OFF ON A RECONNAISSANCE MISSION TO THE TOPOGRAPHICALLY PROMISING HUATLA AREA SOUTH OF ORIZABA IN MEXICO. HE REPORTS THAT THE AREA OOULD HAVE SOME REALLY DEEP SINKS LEADING TO DEEP SYSTEMS. IN SOME PLACES THERE IS SIX THOUSAND FEET OF RELIEF. BILL ALSO STOPPED AT SOME OTHER CAVES ALONG THE WAY FROM MEXICO CITY RO SALTILLO. A WEEK AFTER THE N.S.S. CoNVENTION KEN LAIDLAW AND RON RALPH (CALIFORNIA) CAME THROUGH AUSTIN AND PICKED UP T R. EVANS TERRY RAINES, AND JOHN FISH AND ALL HEADED FOR THE XILITLA AREA AND TLAMAYA IN PARTICULAR. SOTANO DE TLAMAYA WAS SURVEYED TO A NEW DEPTH OF 1418 FEET (Itt) WITH AN ELAPSED TIME OF 33 HOURS IN THE C AVE. SEVERAL NEW PITS WERE LOCATED AND EXPLORED BUT THEY WERE ALL BLIND. ON THE WEEKEND OF JULY 17, 18, DENNIS BARRETT AND ED ALEXANDER LEO A GROUP INTO INDIAN CREEK TO SEE IF THE HEAVY SPRING RAINS HAD ANY EFFECT ON THE CAVE. NOTHING NEW WAS REPORTED. ALSO EXPLORED WAS TUCKER'S FISSURE. JAMES REDDELL, A. RICHARD SMITH, JoHN FISH, AND DAVID BEGAN A PROJECT TO LOCATE, EXPLORE, AND MAP THE CAVES ON THE JACKSON RANCH NEAR LAMPASAS. DESCRIPTIONS OF THE CAVES WILL COME IN A T.S.S. REPORT PLANNED FOR THIS SOME OF THE CAVES ARE MORE EXTENSIVE THAN PREVIOUSLY THOUGHT AND A 103 FOOT PIT WAS FOUND INSIDE OF WoOLY CAVE. IT MIGHT ALSO BE NOTED THAT MANY OF THE CAVES CONTAIN BAD AIR. GROTTO ADDRESS: p O Box 7672, U.T. STATION; AUSTIN, TEXAS

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, .' ,"" . ,, : :. ./ .... HUACO QAV.sB!9 DUE TO iniE OF Bye 1"0 "i'HER <08'il'IES THE Hw.co C.-.VER8 \ SOCUr.TV HAS BEEN 018BANIDED AS ilL=' JUl'-lE 19650 HowfvER, BEF'ORE WE HAD lOUR FINAL WE lS:N.JI(I)'lfiElO ONE LAST TRiP" ON SAuQJRD.q..'lJ, M.t:.v 299 HIUACO CA'II'ERB FRANC< Bos WOOD\) JAcr < DON MAVOl ,1\!'clC'1 Ro CiK MI 'UCH!E:L&" DRIOVI!: 'irO SAN SABA p1..0RE: GORMAN C.".VE THEIREo WHILIE: i N 'VHI5: !;A."JE WE 'VOOI< aOME EXCELLENT Ci'URIE:8, e Ou'H U N COLOR AND 5 N SLACK ANIO WMU'il'rEo EVEN THE SOCIE'V'If HAS BEEN OIS&!lJLVEIO, 'IE INiJ'EN!O TO OONTHWIa: OtWUiIIG OUR LIlCAYIONB. FRANC< J.t.SIEK WOLL BE CALLING TVLF.R HOMEp DONI MAyo AND JAIO&< Pe:CIK MOVH.j/oJ 710 RICf( MI'IJ'CHELL IS HEADn'liG IF'OR THE CAVE>3 OF' ALASD
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THE TEXAS CAVER, JULV, 1965 (PHOTO TIPS, CONTINUED FROM PAGE A SPECIAL COPY CAMERA USING X 11 INCH LITHO FILM, ASPECIAL HIGH-CONTRAST F I LM. THIRD, THE FILM WAS DEVELOPED AND DRIED. FOURTH, THE FILM TAPED TO S PECIAL YELLOW LAYOUT SHEETS AND BAD SPOTS AND "HOLES" WERE COVERED OVER WITH AN OPAQUING PAINT. FIFTH, THE LAYOUT SHEETS WITH NEGATIVES ATTACHED WERE POSITIONED 6IGHT-SENSATIVE THIN ALUMINUM PLATES. SIXTH, THE METAL PLATES WERE EXPOSED WITH A 3 MINUTE FLASH FROM AN ARC-LIGHT. SEVENTH, THE METAL PLAiES WERE DEVELOPED IN THEIR SPECIAL DEVELOPING FLUID AND A RAISED IMAGE (POSITIVE IMAGE) APPEARED ON THE SURFACE OF THE PLATE. (THE METAL PLATES MAY BE USED ON BOTH SIDES AND COST A :ROUND 80 EACH.) THE METAL MASTERS ARE NOW READV FOR PRINTING AND MAY BE PLACED DIRECTLY ON THE MuLTI LITH MACHINE. THE ART OF MAKIN I G ACCEPTABLE MEGATIVES FOR "BURNING-IN" THE METAL PLATES IS CALLED LITHOGRAP'riY. IF VOU HAVE EVER TRIED TO MAKE AN ACCEPTABLE HALF-TONE NEGATIVE, THEN YOU WOULD CERTAINLV APPRECIATE THE WORK OF THE CAVER LITHOGRAPHER, BRYANT LILLY. "LC'JTS OF PEOPLE CAN MAKE A GOOD LINE NEGATIVE, BUT YOU ftEALLV "AVE TO KNOW WHAT TOU ARE DOING IN ORDER TO MAKE A GOOD HALF-TONE" SAYS BRVANT. (BRVANT T," AKES CREDIT FOR ALL BUT THE JANUARV, 1965 ISSUE OF THE TEXAS CAVER). ON LINE NEGATIVES, THE GOAL THU8 A "CONTRASTY" OftlGINAL WILL RE PRODUC 'e: VERY MUCH BETTER THAN A FAI NT PENCIL DRAWl NG, ETC. MAp8:AND CARTOONS SHOULD BE SENT TO THE EDITOR IN BLACK INK ON WHITE PAPER (BLUE INK WON'T REPftODUCE ON LITHO FILM VERY WELL). INDIA INK IS PROBABLY THE VERY BEST QRAWING FAINT PENCIL LINES, SOME SHADING, AND SOME COLORS WILL NOT REPRODUCE. 1 HE ONLV WAY A PENCIL; DRAWING 9aN BE REPRODUCED WITH ANY QUALITV I B TO MAKE'A HALF-TONE .JUST LIKE A PHOTO/GRAPH. A HALF-TONE NEGATIVE IB BENS"TIVE TO DIFFERENT SHADES THAT MAY BE FOUND IN A PHOTOGRAPH. LOOK AT THE PICTURES IN THE CAVER CLOSELY. THE HALF-TONE PICTURES ARE MADE UP OF SMALL DOTS, SOME LARGER THAN OTHERS IN ORDER TO PROVIDE THE SHADING. SINCE A CONTINUOUS TONE CAN NOT BE PRINTED ON THE MACHINE, ALL SHADING MUST BE DONE BY HALF-TONES. HALF-TONE NEGATIVES MAY BE MADE ON THE REGULAR LINE NEGATIVE LITHO FILM BY USING ANOTHER SPECIAL PIECE OF FILM THAT HAS A DOT-SCREEN PRINTED ON 'T. THE NEGATIVE IS EXPOSED WITH THE DOT-SCREEN (USUALLY A MAGENTA sr';REEN, 130 L.INES PER INCH) PLACED DIRECTLY ON TOP OF THE FILM. ANOTHER SPECIAL FILM THAT.MAV BE.USED IS CALLED "AUTO-SCREEN POSITIVE" AND THIS FILM HAS THE SCREEN BUI LT I N EACH NEGAT I VEe (A PI ECE OF L I THO FI LM MAV COST BETWEEN 15 AND 75 EACH, A MAGENTA SCREEN MAV COST $60.00 EACH, AND THE AUTO SCREEN POSITIVE COSTS AROUND 75 EACH). EXPOSURE TIMEI IS VERV EXACT ON HALF-TONE NEGATIVES AND THE PROCESS IS DIFFICULTo A MA.JOR POINT TO REMEMBER WHEN SENDING MATERIAL TO THE EDITOR FOR PRINTING IS THE FORMAT THAT WILL BE USED IN THE FINAL LAVOUT. WHAT GOOD IS A HORIZONTAL FORMAT PICTURE IF IT IS TO BE USED ON THE VERTICAL FORMAT OF THE CAVER COVER? THINK CAREFULLY: WILL MY LONG CAVE MAP FIT THE X 11 INCH FORMAT OF THE CAVER? IF VOUR COVER PICTURE IS SQUARE (BUT STILL REALLY GREAT) THEN WHY NOT SEND IT TO THE NSS NEWS WHICH COULD USE A SQUARE FORMAT ON THE COVER? Do YOU HAVE EXACTLV F I VE PICTURES THAT ARE NEEDED TO EXPLAIN HOW TO BUILD YOUR SUPER CAVEft PRUSIK ROPE ELEVATORS ON WHICH YOU. HAVE WRITTEN A TWO PAGE ARTICLE? THINK FIRST! WILL THE EDITOR HAVE TO SCRAP ONE OF THE PI CTURES IN ORDER TO GET THE PHOTOS', "TO FIT HI S FORMAT? A WORD ON PICTURES SENT TO THE CAVER. THE EDITOR IS NOT A SALON ,",UDGE HE HAS AN EVE OPEN TOWARDS PRINTING QUALITV. POOR QUALITY PRINTB IN THE EYE OF THE LITHOGRAPHER HAVE NO CONTRAST, ARE FUZZV, HAVE CURLED EDGES AND COFFEE STAINS. A PRINTER NEVER WANTS TO BLOW UP ANVTHnNG FOR PRINTING; HE WOULD MUCH RATHER HAVE THE EXACT SIZE OR ELSE REDUCE THE ORIGINAL WHEN THE FINAL FORMAT IS REACHED. ALTHOUGH PHOTOGRAPHIC QUALITY PLAYS .A.N IMPORTANT PART IN THE SELECTION OF PICTURES A GOOD SHARP, CONTRASTY PRINT IS IMMEDIATELY SPOTTED BV THE EDITOR IN THE SELECTION OF TEXAS CAVER PHOTOGRAPHS. THE REASON FOR A GOOD QUALITV PRINT BECOMES CLEAR WHEN WE REALIZE THAT THE HALF-TONE PICTURE WHEN PRINTED WILL LOOSE FROM TO

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TEXAS ""Y, '965 80% OF ITS ORIGINAL QUALITVt (SOME LOSE THAN I THINK.) ON SOME CAVE THE INKING SV8TM OF TH CeM. 'NTe WHEN ABOUT FINAL QUALITV. THE.E THE THAT HA LAR8E A"A. MATERIAL. SOMETIMES THESE BLACK AREAS ALMO.T A. MUCH INK AS THE OF T .HE CAVER AND aOME MACHINES THAT DO NOT HAVE EXTRA INK JUST CAN'T -;:;OW OUT EHOUGH INK TO INK THESE DARK THE BEST SOLUTION I. TO CHOOSE PICTURES THAT CONSIST MOSTLY OF SHADE. WITH A MINIMUM OF .LACK AREAS. REMEMBER, WHEN SENDING IN LINEO"AW'NGS BI: 1: THEY ARE IN -.ACt( ... eN ..... TE PAPER FOR BEST BI: SURE \110.,.. NA A 8CM.1: DIItA .. eUT 80 THAT IF THEY AAE REDUCED IN OVE"M.L .t ZE THE MAY .,..u. al: ac&,a). BE 8VR TilE .. "'TI_ 0" LETTaUN8 wtu. .,.tu 'a LntBLI: AffTE" "EDVC'T9.... T_I: .ECtAL CARE eN PHDTOQRAP'Ha ...,0 Tl4EV BE (OAfUC BLACK. AND CLEM WHfTES) ,.. -.... Aa 8MMt... IN THI S WAY YOW W.LL. .1: ABLE .,. ...... ..,1: THE QUM.ITY OP' THE TiXA1I CAVER. NaT "NTH' U.ING PETE LINDaLEY (RETURN TO ENDLEaa CoNT'NUED 1)9) ANOTHER MAZE A"EA. THE ONE aEE. eF UtDt.E T" l1li'-P'..-..u"... tT al:GeME" ON THIS TRIP WE _ME 1,700' _.TU" ONLY TNt: T"'-ED .TAT .... .TAT," D4 ST ANCES. CoMB' NED WI TH LAST ON WHI CH WE AIiteUND 4,000-WE ARE WEL L ON THE WAV TO GETTING A OF THE CAVE. FOOT THAT 18 THERE .S AT LEAST ANOTHER TWO FEET THAT IS ONLV SKETCHED AND THE 8MME ___ WNT THAT as IGNORED. WHAT,S NEEDED IS A FULL aCALE INVOLVING TEAMS. THERE I. MUCH TO BE DONE. As AN INTERESTING SIDELIGHT TO OUR TRIP; WE STOPPED AT A SERYICE STATION IN CARLBAD AND STRUCK A WITH THE ATTENDANT. IT THATHIS GRANDlUTHER USED Te ... TtE CAYE AND AT ONE TIME HaD qUITE A BU.,NE.S ao"'Q P'M* fT. HE WAS MAK ING TOMBSTONES FROM THE FORMAT IONS! (PLATEAU CAVE, CoNTINUED FROM PAGE 140) IN THE SUMMER 'OF 1963 THE CAVE WAS VISITED BY MEMBERS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS SPELEOLOGICAL SOCIETY, AND THE PIT WAS PLUMBED BILL RUSSELL (A BRAVER MAN THAN I). BILL RIGGED THE PIT WITH 8 (COUNT EM) CABLE AND WHE DROP TO BE ABOUT 240'. AT TH BOTTOM BILL FOUND LOTS OF BREAKDOWN BUT NO MORE CAVE A ND NO GOLD. THE TOTAL OF THE CAVE IS ABOUT )65' MAK,NG IT THE SECOND DEEP EST CA'' ,N TEXAS. .-.T1 N08 NOT REALLV. WHo kNOWS. RQaEt.&. REM-LY FOUND THE -.oLD COM N G EVENTS SEPT. 4: PRO J E C T DEE P TSA REGION FOR 1965 BEGINS. SEE PAGE 127. CARL KUNATH T E X A S .... REG ION SEPT. 51 B.O.G. MEETING AT PROJECT DEEP. NOMINATION OF TSA OFFICERS FOR 1966 TERM.

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THE TE.XAS CAVER 4612 WATAUGA ROAD DALLAS, TEXAS 75209 OFFICIAL PUBLICATION OF THE TEXAS SPELEOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION NAT 10NAL SPELEOLOG 1 CAL SOC I ElY RETURN POSTAGE GUARANTEED TOI + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + +


Description
Contents: Project Deep
/ James Estes --
Project Deep location map --
Nurdoo & Zeplin / Charlie Loving --
Board of Governors meeting / Katherine Goodbar --
Ye olde history / Preston A. McMichael --
Cartoons --
B C cartoon by Lilly --
Return to Endless / Carl Kunath --
Plateau Cave / Carl Kunath --
Grotto news --
Photo tips by the editor --
Knots for cavers / George Gray.