The Texas Caver

Citation
The Texas Caver

Material Information

Title:
The Texas Caver
Series Title:
The Texas Caver
Creator:
Texas Speleological Association
Publisher:
Texas Speleological Association
Publication Date:
Language:
English

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Regional Speleology ( local )
Technical Speleology ( local )
Genre:
Newsletter
serial ( sobekcm )
Location:
United States

Notes

General Note:
Contents: Conservation committee / Bill Russell, Committee Chairman -- Build an ascender / Pete Lindsley -- Build a 3-pronged rappeller -- Tech, goes under the hill / Bob Dunn -- Grotto News.
Restriction:
Open Access - Permission by Publisher
Original Version:
Vol. 11, no. 3 (1966)
General Note:
See Extended description for more information.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
K26-04498 ( USFLDC DOI )
k26.4498 ( USFLDC Handle )
10657 ( karstportal - original NodeID )
0040-4233 ( ISSN )

USFLDC Membership

Aggregations:
Added automatically
Karst Information Portal

Postcard Information

Format:
serial

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Full Text

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1966 VCl.XI

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VOLUME XI NUMBER 3 MARCH, 1966 COVER: TEXAS TECH AND SAN ANGELO CAVERS STAND AT THE WET DOOR TO RIVER STYX CAVE, TEXAS. DID THEY GO IN? You BET THEY DID! A LITTLE WETNESS NEVER STOPPED A TRUE TEXAN WELL, THAT IS, IT DIDN'T STOP THESE THREE. (PHOTO BY CARL KUNATH) CONTENTS: PAGE 3 1 CONSERVATION COMMITTEE BV BILL RUSSELL, COMMITTEE CHAIRMAN 32 BUILD AN ASCENDER BY PETE LINDSLEV 37 BUILD A 3-PRONGED RAPPELLER 38 TECH. GO, ES UNDER THE HI LL BV BPB DUNN 39 GROTTO NEWS THE TEXAS CAVER IS A MONTHLV PUBLICATION OF THE TEXAS SPELEOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION AND I S PUBLISHED IN DALLAS, TEXAS. MATERIAL FOR PUBLICATION SHOULD BE TVPED DOUBLE-SPACED ANO SENT TO THE EDITOR NO LATER THAN THE 1ST OF THE MONTH OF ISSUE. THIS PUBLICATION IS EXCHANGED WITH OTHER SIMILAR PUBLICATIONS OR SUBSCRIPTION 15$3.00 PER VEAR FOR 12 ISSUES. 1966 BY THE TEXAS CAVER. EDI TOR. . PET ELI NDSLEV GROTTO NEWS EDI TOR BERT OLSEN ASSISTANT EDITOR . .CHUCK LARSEN PHOTO TIPS EDITOR CARL KUNATH TVPIST ...................... JACKLVN ROBINSON CURRENT EVENTS EDITOR JIM ESTES ARTWORK ................... NORMAN ROBINSON LITHOGRAPHER . BRVANT LILLY Ass EMBL V. . JACK & GLOR I A BURCH NOTE: ALL M ONEV AND QUESTIONS FOR SUBSCRIPTIONS OR RENEWALS SHOULD BE SENT TO THE ASSISTANT EDITOR: CHUCK LARSEN; 3622 NORMA DRIVE; GARLAND, TEXAS 75040. ALL GROTTO AND CLU B NEWS SHOULD BE SENT TO THE GROTTO NEWS EDITOR: BERT OLSEN; 222 MIZELL, DUNCANVILLE, TEXAS 75116 OFFICERS OF THE TEXAS SPELEOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION FOR THE CURRENT YEAR ARE: CHAIRMAN . CARL KUNATH VICE CHAIRMAN BILL RUSSELL SECR ET ARVT REASUR ER. OLL EN E BUNDRANT 107 TOMAHAWK TRAIL SAN ANTONIO, TEXAS 78232

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THE TEXAS CAVER, MARCH, 1966 PAGE 31 ICONSERVATION To BE TRULY EFFECTIVE IN COMBATING VANDALISM THE TSA CONSERVATION COMMITTEE SHOULD ADOPT A PROGRAM THAT BOTH EDUCATES THOSE WHO CAVE AND DISCOURAGES THOSE WHO VANDALIZE. EDUCATION SHOULD BE DIRECTED BOTH AT ACTIVE TSA MEMBERS AND AT THOSE WHO ARE NOT ACTIVE IN THE TEXAS REGION. EDUCATION FOR ORGANIZED CAVERS WILL CONTINUE TO EMPHASIZE THE FUNDAMENTALS, SUCH AS TRASH AND CARBIDE REMOVAL, AND W I LL ALSO TRY TO PROMOTE GROTTO AND REGIONAL EFFORTS TO RENOVATE AND CLEAN UP CAVES WHERE THIS IS POSSIBLE. EDUCATION FOR NON-ORGANIZED CAVERS WILL BE ACCOMPLISHED MAINLV THOUGH THE ESTABLISHMENT OF SIGNS AND REGISTERS AT THE POPULAR "PEOPLE" CAVES OF TEXAS. THESE PEOPLE CAVES, USUALLY LOCATED NEAR A TOWN OR CITY AND EASY OF ACCESS, ARE VISITED BY LARGE N U M BERS OF LOCAL CAVERS. THESE CAVERS HAVE NEVER HEARD OF THE TSA OR THE BASIC PRINCIPLES OF CAVE CONVERVATION. S,GNS AND REGISTERS IN PEOPLE CAVES ARE PERHAPS TAE ONLY ECO N OMIC METHOD OF REACHING THIS LARGE N U MBER OF NON-ORGAN, ZED CAVERS. I TIS H OPED THAT FUNDS CAN BE FOUND TO SEND INFORMATION TO CAVERS SIGNING THE REGI STERS. I N ANY CASE THE REGI STER WILL SERVE TO EDUCATE THOSE VISITING THE CAVE AND PROV IDE THE CONSERVATION COMMITTEE WITH AN I DEA OF THE NUMBER AND LOCATION OF THE NON-ORGANIZED CAVERS. IT IS PLANNED TO ESTABLISH REGISTERS IN THE FOLLOWING CAVES: STEAM, BREHMMER, RAMBlES, OTL, ROBBER BARON'S, DEAD DOG, CAVE X, Y CAVE, S CAVE, ARDEN, MADLAS, RIVER STYX, WALKUP, HELOTES HILLTOP, HELOTES BLOWHOLE, BRACKEN BAT, FRI O AND STATION"C" CAVES. THE NAMES OF ANY ADDITIONAL P E OPLE CAVES BE SENT TO THE C O MMITTEE CHAIRMAN (B!LL.RuSSELL) AS SOON AS POSSI BLE SO THAT ARRANGEMENTS CAN BE MADE TO OBTAIN THE REGISTERS. IT WILL BE NECESSARY TO HAVE COMMITTEE MEMBERS NEAR THE CAVE ARRANGE TO HAVE THESE REGISTERS AND TO SEE THAT THEY ARE VISITED EVERY MONTH OR SO TO REPAIR THE DAMAGE THEY HAVE SUFFERED AND TO REPLACE THE REGISTER B OOK. COMMITTEEI By: BI LL RUSSELL THE WORK OF THE COMMITTEE IN ESTABLISHING REGISTERS WILL INCONVENIENCE NO ONE AND WILL REQUIRE EFFORT ONLY BY THOSE INVOLVED. How EVER THE PROGRAM TO DISCOURAGE VANDALS BY ENCOU RAGING CAVE OWNERS TO MAKE ACCESS TO THEI R CAVES REQUIRE ADVANCE NOTIFIC ATION AND THE USE OF NOTAR I ZED WAIVERS WILL NOT APPEAL TO SOME. No CAVER WELCOMES THIS ADDITIONAL WORK, BUT IT IS THE JOB OF THE CONSERVATION COMMITTEE TO CONVINCE THE MAJORITY OF CAVERS THAT THIS ADDITIONAL WORK I S NECESSARY TO PREVENT VANDALiSM AND CONSERVE CAVES. THERE IS PROBAB LY A H I GHER PERCENTAGE OF CAVES EFFECTI VELY CONTROLLED BY THE LANDOWNER IN TEXAS THAN IN ANY OTHER STATE. TEXAS CAVERS SHOULD USE THIS CONTROL TO PREVENT VANDALISM RATHER THAN REGARD IT AS AN UNDESIRABLE NUISANCE. HOWEVER, THE COMM ITTEE WILL NOT TRY TO IMPLEMENT TH I S POLICY UNTIL GENERAL AGREEMENT I S REACHED UPON THE STEPS TO BE TAKEN. MEMBERS OF THE TSA ARE URGED TO DISCUSS THESE POLiCIES WITH THE VARIOUS GROTTO AND CLUB REPRESENTATIVES OF THE CONSERVATION COMMITTEE. SUGGESTIONS AND I MPROVEMENTS WILL BE MOST WELCOME. A COMPLETE LI ST OF THE MEMBERS OF THE TEXAS REGION CAVE CONSERVATION COMMIT T EE CAN NOT BE PUBL I SHED AT THIS TIME9HOWEVER SUCH A LIST W ILL BE PUBLISHED IN A FUTURE ISSUE O F THE CAVER. MEMBERSHIP ON THE COMMITTEE IS OPEN TO ALL WHO WANT To' WORK TO HELP CONSERVE OUR CAVES. IT WOULD BE ESPECIALLY DESIRABLE TO HAVE REPRESENTATIVES FROM GROUPS NOT ACTI VE I N THE TEXAS REGION, SUCH AS BOY SCOUTS AND INFORMAL CAVING GROUPS, AS IN THIS WE CAN REACH PEOPLE WHO WOULD OTHERWISE NEVER HEAR OF THE GOALS OF ORGANIZED CAVING. AGAI N I F YOU HAVE SOME IDEAS OR THOUGHTS ON CAVE CONSERVATION IN TEXAS YOU SHOU L D CONTACT YOUR LOCAL COMMITTEE REPRESENTAT I VEe CHECK WITH YOUR NEAREST GROTT6 OR CLUB TO FIND OUT WHO HE IS. THE 1966 TSA CONVENT ION AT SAN MARCOS ON MARCH 2 6 TH WILL ALSO BE ANOTHER C HANCE FOR YOU TO DISCUSS CAVE CONSERVAT ION MATT ERS. BE THERE!

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PAGE 32 THE TEXAS CAVER, MARCH 196 6 BUILD AN :ASCNOeR: THE VERTICAL CAVING ENTHUSIST WILL RERHAPS RECOGNIZE THE BASIC DE SIGN OF THE SO-CALLED "CLIMBING CAM" A PAPER WASPRESENTED AT THE 1965 NSS CONVENT ION BY R. E. HENSHAW AND D. F. MOREHOUSE AND WAS LATER PUBLISHED I N THE NSS NEWS. 1 THESE F I RST "CAMS" WERE ATTACHED ALMOST DIRECTLY TO THE FEET OF THE CLI MBER AND SEVERAL LARGE TEETH WERE USED ON THE CAM SURFACE I N ORDER TO GRIP THE ROPE SUFFICI ENTLY. THESE "CAMS" REPRESENTED A VERY GOOD IDEA BUT AT THE SAME TIME HAD MANY FAULTS. THEY WERE VERY HARD TO USE AND D I FFICULT TO ADJUST WHEN ATTACHED TO THE CLI M BER'S FEET. THEN DWIGHT DEAL GAVE SOME THOUGHT TO THE MATTER AND MADE A MAJOR IMPROVEMENT ON THE CAMS. I N THE LAST BALTI M ORE GROTTO NEWS PUBLISHED,2 DEAL PRESENTED SIX PAGES OF INFORMATION ON CONSTRUCT iON AND OPERATION OF HIS IMPROVED CAMS. DEAL MOVED THE CAMS UP FRO M THE FOOT LOCATION AND ATTEMPTED TO USE THE CAM S AS A REPLACEMENT FOR JUMAR HANDLES. ADMITTEDLY THE CAMS WERE NOT QUITE AS GOOD A S THE JUMAR HANDL E S BUT THEY HAD THE ADVANTAGE OF COST I N G $24.00 LESS! ALSO, IN CASE OF D IFFI CULT Y IN US ING THE CAMS ON MUDDY ROPE ETC THE LOOPS USED ON THE CAMS COULD QUI CKLY BE CONVERTED TO TH E OLD STANDBY THE PRUSI K KNOT. HoWEVER, THERE I S ST I LL ROOM FOR I M PROVEMENT PREV I OUS DESI GNS 1 ? '
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THE TEXAS CAVER 9 MARCH, 1966 PAGE 33 A PORTION OF THE THREADED SECTiON. Now THAT YOU HAVE YOUR FASTENERS LOCATED, THE NEXT STEP IS MAK I NG THE SHIELD. UNLIKE THE HARD ALUMINUM USED FOR THE CAM, THE SHI ELD REQUI RES A SOFT ALUMINUM (AT LEAST "T-2") IN AN ALLOY THAT WI LL BEND WI THOUT CRACKING. SOME PEOPLE MAY BE WORRI ED A BOUT THE STRENGTH OF AN ALUM I NI:JM SHIELD AND MAY PREFER TO BUI LD A STEEL S H I ELD. PERHAPS THE I DEAL SHI ELD WOULD BE STAINLESS STEEL WITH t-20 NUTS SILVER-SOLDERED TO THE SHIELD IN PLACE OF THE PEM NUTS. (PEM NUTS AR E NOT DESI GNED TO USE ON HARD STEEL BUT OTHER TYPES OF FAST ENERS MAY BE USED IF YOU DO NOT CARE TO SILVER-SOLDER THE STEEL.) AFTER YOU OBTAIN SHIELD M ATERIAL YOUR MAIN PROBLEM IS TO MAKE THE BEND. THE BEND IS DIFFICULT TO MAKE AND THE SHIELD OUTLINE SHOULD BE CUT AFT ER THE BEND I S MADE. I F THE MAXIMUM DIAM ETER ROPE YOU INTEND TO USE IS 7/16 INCH, THEN OBTAIN A INCH 01 A M ETER ROD TO USE AS A BENDI NG FOR M IF YOU INTEND TO USE INCH ROPE, YOU BETTER USE A 9/16 OR 5/8 INCH DIAMETER BENDING"FORM. (REMEMBER AN "X" DIAMETER ROPE WILL NOT SLIDE I N AN "X" DIAMETER HOLE--IT REQUIRES A SLIGHTLY LARGER DIAMETER.) SECURELY CLAMP THE BENDI N G 0 1 AMETER TO THE SHI ELD MATER I AL W ITH A PAIR OF PLIERS ON EACH END. THEN I N S ERT THE MAT ER I AL BET WEEN THE JAWS OF A LARGE VISE AND CAREFULLY FORCE THE OPPOSI TE ENDS OF THE SHI ELD TOG ETHER AROUND THE BENDING DIAMETER. CHECK TO MAKE SURE YOUR FAVORITE SIZE ROPE WILL EASILY S L IDE IN THE SHIELD. NEXT TRIM THE PERIMETER OF THE SHI ELD TO THE OUTL I N E SHOWN I N DRAWl NG #2. I F YOU HAV E LARGE HANDS YOU MAY WANT TO INCRE ASE THE LONGITUDINAL LENGTH SLIGHTLY SO, THAT THE SHIELD FITS YOUR HAND BETTER. Now LOOK CLOSELY AT FIGURE 2 AND GIVE SOME THOUGHT TO THE EXACT HOLE PLACEMENT ON THE SHIELD. LOOK AT THE ANGLE BETWEEN THE LONG STRAIGHT PART OF THE CAM AND THE STANDI NG L I NE. THI S IS IMPORTANT! THE CLIMBING CAM SHOWN IN #2 HAS NO WEIGHT PULLING ON IT AND THE CAM IS NOT FORCED INTO THE STANDING LINE. (HOWEVER THE CAM WILL STILL SUPPORT ITS OWN WEIGHT. ) You MUST LOCAT E THE t INCH 0 I AMET ER HOLE I N THE SHI ELD SO THAT WHEN YOUR FULL WEIGHT 18 ON THE THE CENTER OR UPPER CENTER OF THE 1.80 INCH RADIUS SURFACE THE LI NE. IF THE LOWER PORT ION OF THIS RADIUS CONTACTS THE STANDING LINE YOU ARE I N DANGER OF tOCKING THE CLI MBING CAM ON THE ROPE AS THE CAM SURFACE "LOCKS PAST CENTER". THE UPPER CENTER HOLE I N THE SHIELD SHOWN IN FIGURE 2 I S MOST COMMONLY USED ON DRY, 7/16 INCH NYLON. WHAT ABOUT THE OTHER HOLES AT THE TOP? WELL, THE THREE HOLES AT THE TOP ARE FOR THE THREE t INCH DIAMETER HOLES I N THE CAM. THE HOLE IN THE M I DDLE I S THE MOST USEFUL ON NORMAL ROPES. tHE HOLE CLOSEST TO THE STANDING LINE PROV i DES SLIGHTLY LESS GRIPPING FORCE THAN THE M I DDLE HOLE -USEFUL IF THE CLIMBING CAM TENDS TO HANG UP ON A DIFFI CULT ROPE., THE HOLE CLOSEST TO THE CENTER OF THE 1.80 INCH RADIUS PROVIDES THE GREATEST GRIPPING FORCE -USEFUL FOR THOSE WET MUDDY LINES. (IF THE LONGER LEVER-ARM IN COMBINAT ION WITH THE MIN IMUM GRIPPING FORCE HAS YOU WORRIED, YOU BETTER GO STUDY UP ON YOUR CAMING ACTION.) WHAT ABOUT THAT FOURTH HOLE BELOW THE THREE I N A ROW ON THE SHIELD? WELL, THAT'S THE CENTER HOLE FOR 3/8 N YLON. IF YOU REDUCE THE STAND ING LINE D I AMETER THEN YOU HAVE TO MOVE I N THE CAM. SIMPLE! No EXACT D I MENS I ONS ON SHI ELD HOLE LOCATIONS ARE G IVEN BECAUSE THEY DEPEND TO SOME EXTENT ON THE ROPE 0 1 AMETER, SHI ELD MATERIAL TH ICKNESS, AND TYPE OF ROPE (HARD LAY, SOFT LAY, ETC.,). JUST L I NE UP THE CAM SO THAT THE PROPER SURFACE GRABS THE STAND ING L I NE WHEN YOU PUT YOUR WEIGHT ON THE DEVICE. OH YES, THAT OTHER HOLE AT THE BOTTOM OF THE SHI ELD I S FOR ATTACHING THE No.1 CHAI N SWIVEL (t INCH DIAMETER MALLEABLE t RON STOCK). YOUR OLD PRUSI K LOOP FEEDSTHROUGH THE BIG EYE OF THE CHAI N SWIVEL AND MAKES A S I MPLE LOOP THROUGH THE INCH DIAMETER H0LE ON THE END OF THE CAM. To ATTACH THE PEM NUTS TO THE SOFT ALUMINUM SHIELD, YOU MUST ENLARGE THE l INCH DIAMETER HOLES ON ONE S IDE ONLY THE SHI ELD TO ABOUT 11/32 INCH 0 1 DEPEND iNG ON THE STYLE OF THE CONT. PAGE )6 PEM NUT.

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PAGE 34 THE TEXAS CAVER, MARCH, 196 6 3.50 RADIUS .50 RAD. .50 ..... --1. 7 -----1 ..... ..--.50 0 I A., C S' K. 2 PLACES *NOTE: SEE TEXT SEE TEX T FOR E XACT HOLE LOCATION. "j I -0-I I -0-1 11-0-1.14REF _1_ DRAWl NG #1 5.0 MATERIAL: 6 0 61-T6 ALUMINUM X 2 BAR STOCK 1.00 PLACES CAM MATERI AL: .070 T H I CK S OFT ALUMINUM OR SEE TEXT FOR DETAI LS 1 '4 DIA. TVP 1 S IDE i 20 PEM NUTS 1 SIDE DRAWING #2 SHIELD

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THE TEXAS CAVER, MARCH, 1966 PAGE 35 FIGURE 1 (FASTENER DETAIL) FIGURE 2 (ASSEMBLY DETAIL) + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + THE HARD HAT HELPfD 1'I?oTEcT YoU

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PAGE 36 THE TEXAS CAVER, MARCH, 196 6 I NSERT THE CAM I N THE SHI ELD, LINE UP ONE OF THE i INCH DIAMETER HOLES WITH THE PEM NUT HOLE, INSERT THE i-20 MACHINE BOLT, AND THREAD THE PEM NUT ON THE BOLT CAREFULLY ALIGN THE PEM NUT WITH THE 11/32 INCH HOLE AND TIGHTEN THE MACHINE BOLT, SLOWLY THE TEETH ON THE PEM NUT I NTO THE SOFT ALUMI NUM. F YOU HAVE BEEN CAREFUL WITH YOUR HOLE ALIGNMENT, THE MACHINE BOLT WILL EASILY THREAD INTO THE PEM NUT AND THE WRENCH ON THE TOP CA M SURFACE WILL NOT BE NEEDED. IF IT FITS TIGHTLY, A SMALL AIVI OUNT OF F I LING MAY CURE MATTERS. S M OOTH ALL SHARP EDGES ON THE CLIMBING CAM--ESPECIALLY AT THE ENOS OF TH E SHI ELD WHERE THE STANDING LINE ENTERS. EACH COMPLETED CLIMBING CAM HAS ONL Y FOUR LOOSE PARTS: TWO BOLTS, ONE SHI ELD, AND ONE CAM-SWIVEL-ROPE SL ING. IF THE END OF THE ROPE ISN'T HANDY AND YOU HAVE TO PUT THE CLIMBIN G CAMS ON THE MIDDLE OF THE STANDING LINE, FOLLOW THE PROCE DURE SHOWN IN F I GURE 2 ATTACH THE UPPER CLIMBING CAM FIRST. THE CAM AND THE SHIELD ARE LINED UP ON THE STANDING LINE AND THE MACHINE BOLT I S INSERTED WITH THE OTHER HAND. THE SECOND MACHINE BOLT MAY BE SCREWED IN ITS THREADED PEM NUT OR IT MAY AE STUCK INTHE INCH HOLE WITH THE PRUSIK SLING. I F YOU LOOSE ONE OF THE MACHINE BOLTS YOUR CL IMBING CAM WILL STILL GET YOU OUT OF THE PIT. THE MAl N USE OF THE CHA I N SWI VEL IS TO FORCE THE CLIMBING CAM INTO A VERTICAL POSITION WHEN A CL IMBER'S WEIGHT IS APPLI EO. HOWEVER CARE SHOULD BE TAKEN WHEN 4 EA. i-20 MACHI NE BOLTS (PLATED) WITH A INCH UNTHREADED LENGTH. 10 EA. i-20 PEM NUTS. (PLATED) 2 EA. No.1 CHAIN SWIVELS (i INCH DIAMETER STOCK MALLEABLE IRON) SET t INCH DIAMETER PRUSIK LOOPS. THE AUTHOR I S GREATLY INDEBTED TO THE VAR IOUS TEXAS, NEW MEXICO, AND M ISSOURI CAVERS WHO HAVE MADE VALUABLE ON THE I MPROVEMENT OF THE CAMS. AOD;TfONAL SUGGESTIONS FROM TEXAS CAVER READERS ON FURTHER IMPROVEMENT WILL BE WELCOME. 1 HENSHAW, ROBERT E. AND MOREHOUSE, DAVID F.; liTHE CLIMBING C AM: A NEW ASCENDER,g NSS NEWS, NOVEMBER, 1965, VOL. 23, No. 11, PAGES 158160. 2 DEAL, DWIGHT; liTHE INFERNAL MACHINE," BALTIMORE GROTTO NEWS, J ULY 1965, Vo. 8, No.7, PAGES 1 68-173. THE TEXAS CAVER HAS HAD MANY COMMENTS ON OUR NEW MASTHEAD, BY M IKE MESSINA OF DALLAS. OVER 95% OF THE COMMENTS WERE FAVORABLE Tool HOWEVER THERE WAS TH I S ONE COMMENT READ ON. "THE NEW MASTHEAD LOOKS GREAT. MUCH M ORE PROFESSI ONAL AND IN EXCELLENT TASTE." FROM BLA I R PITTMAN OF HOUSTON. AND SEVERAL MORE L IKE THAT THEN: liTHE NEW CAVER MASTHEAD ST iNKS!" FROM N. EVANS ABOVE, ONE OF OUR FAVOR ITE CAVER AGGRAVATORS. You KNOW H IM. US ING ONLY THE UPPER MACHINE BOLT HOLD ING You CAN'T PLEASE EVERY CAVER ALL THE THE CAM O N THE ROPE NOW CAUSES UNDUE STRESSES ON THE STANDING LINE. IF YOU TRY THE CLIMBING CAM UPSIDE DOWN WITHOUT THE CHA I N SWI VEL YOU WILL SEE A SIMILA R ACT ION TO THE ORIGINAL DESI GN. RE MEMBE R I F ALL ELSE FAI LS (' YOU lfAVE A G OOD SET OF PRUSI K T IED TO THE CAMS AND THE PRUSIK KNOT WILL GET YOU OUT IF ANYTHING WILL! BILL OF MATERIALS FOR A PAIR OF CAMS pc. i X 2 X'I INCH 6061 ALUMINU M BAR STOCK. (CAM) ALUM I NUM (T -2) T IME. THAT'S WRONG YOU'RE R IGHT GETTING OUT TH I S PAPER I S NO PICNIC; IF WE PRINT JOKES, PEOPLE SAY WE ARE SILLY; IF WE DON'T THEY SAY WE ARE TOO SERIOUS. IF WE CLIP TH I NGS FROM OTHER PAPERS, WE ARE TOO LAZY TO WRITE THEM OURSELVES; I F WE DON'T, WE ARE TOO FOND OF OUR OWN STUFF; (CONTINUED ON PAGE 38) 2 pcs. 6 X 6 INCH SOFT A B OUT .070 TO .125 INCH THICK.(SHIELD)

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THE TEXAS CAVER, MARCH, 1966 PAGE 37 B U I L 0 A 3-PRONGED RAPPELLER HOLE FOR CARABINER ROPE WRAPS AROUND THREE PRONGS AMB I HEL I CAL HEXNUT .... --ATT ACH TO? SWI SS SEAT HERE HOLE FOR TEXANS ONLY) NOTE: AMBIHELICAL HEXNUT MUST BE FULLY SCREWED ON BEFORE IT CAN BE SCREWED OFF. 25TH ANNIVERSARY NSS CONVENTION DATES: JUNE 11 THROUGH JUNE 19, 1966 PLACE: GIANT FOREST, SEQUOIA/KINGS CANYON NATIONAL PARK, CALIFORNIA. HEADQUARTERS: RECREATIONAL HALL. WITHIN WALKING DISTANCE OF CAMPING, CABINS. REGISTRATION, MEETINGS, SESSIONS, AND SEMINARS WILL BE HERE. TRI ps: To THE THREE LARGEST O F THE CALIFORNIA CAVES: LILBURN, SOLDI ERS, AND CHURCH CAVE. EACH OF THESE TRIPS IS A FULL DAY. THESE TRIPS WILL BE ON JUNE 11, 12, 13, 17, 18, AND 19TH. MEETINGS: ANNUAL BUSINESS MEET ING AT 10 AM JUNE 14, CONGRESS OF GROTTOS AT 2330 PM JUNE 14, AND BOARD OF GOVERNORS MEETING AT 4:30 PM JUNE 15. SESSIDNS8 JUNE 15: B I OLOGY (JIM REDDELL, ZOOLOGY DEPT., UNIV. OF TEXAS, AUSTIN); GEOLOG Y (JOHN THRA ILKILL, GEOLOGY DEPT., UNIV. OF KENTUCKY, LEX INGTON). JUNE 16g PRACTICAL (BILL ROLOFF, 1327 DIXI E-ANNE, SACRAMENTO, CALIFORNIA), VERTICAL CAVING (DAN &.lITH, 1710 MILDRED, GLENDALE, CALIFORNIA), CONSERVATION/GEN ERAL (VIC SCHMIDT, PHYSICS DEPT., CA;: TECH., PITTSBURGH). PAPERS WELCOMED I PLEASE SEND YOUR ABSTRACT TO THE SESSION CHAIRMAN BY MAY 1, 1966. SEMINARS: JUNE 17: MORNING -BIOLOGY, CAVE DIVING, PHOTOGRAPHY, RESCUE. AFTERNOONSURVEYING, VERT I CAL CAVING, SPELEOGENESIS. BANQUET & JUNE 17 AT 6&30 PM. B I LL STEPHENSON9 SoCIETY FOUNDER, W I LL TALK ON EARLY DAYS OF THE NSS. DOOR PRIZES, AWARDS, PRESIDENT'S SPEECH, AND MOREt

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PAGE 38 THE TEXAS CAVER, MARCH, 1966 TECH GOES UNDER THE HILL By: B08 DUNN ON FEBUARY 18 SOME SIXTEEN PEOPLE FROM THE TEXAS TECH. SPEL. SOC. MADE THE JOURNEY TO THE McKITTRICK HILL AREA. MOST OF THE G ROUP ARRIVED FRIDAY NIGHT AND IMMEDIATELY BROKE UP INTO SEVERAL G ROUPS ONE TO EXPLORE SAND CAVE, OTHERS TO ENDLESS. SAND WAS RATHER DISSAPPOINTING BUT THE OTHER GROUPS CAME 8ACK FROM ENDLESS EXTREMELY ENTHUSED. ANOTHER ARRIVED EARLY SATURDAY MORNING JUST AS A COUPLE OF PART I ES 8EING FORMED TO TACKLE McKITTRICK. SOME TROU8LE WAS ENCOUNTERED F I NDING THE UPPER ENTRANCE, 8UT FRENCH CROOK FINALLY STUMB LED ONTO IT. WE EXPLORED THE LEFT PART FOR SOME TIME EXPLORING ALL LEADS E XCEPT THE MAZE PASSAGE. JUST AS WE WERE A80UT TO EXIT AND TRY THE RIGHT FORK SOMEONE NOTICED AIR 8LOWING FROM A SMALL CRAWL. AFTER A DELAYED ENTRANCE, OUR GROUPS WERE SURPRISED TO MEET THE OTHER PARTY T HAT HAD ENTERED SHORTLY AFTER US. THEY HAD' TAKEN THE RIGHT CREVICE AND CIRCLED AROUN D TO THE ROOMS TOWARD THE DOWNHILL ENTRANCE. WHILE WE WERE STILL CHECKING TH E NEW FOUND ROOMS, THE SECOND PARTY, LED BY OUR SPONSOR, DR. HOWE, DECIDED TO EXIT B Y A STEEL (AND STURDY) LADDER CONVENI E N TLY PLACED IN THE CHIMNEY WE LATER CAME OUT THI S SAME WAY AND ATE A SNACK, THEN BOWDEN CAMPBELL AND MYSELF HEADED 8ACK TO MEET THE REST OF OUR O W N GROUPS AT THE FIRST ENTRANCE 8Y THE WAY THE OTHER PARTY HAD COME. LATER SATURDAY AFTERNOON A THREE CAR ASSAULT WAS MADE ON BOYD'S CAVE. AFTER ONE WRONG TURN W E FOUND IT TO BE A BOUT A MIL E BY FOOT OFF THE ROAD LEAD !NG TO McKITTRICK HILL. THE ENTRANCE WAS EXTREMELY IMPRESSIVE, RESEMBLING A SCALED -DOWN COTTONWOOD. OUR HOPE SOON TURNED TO D ISAPPOINTMENT WHEN I T WAS FOUND TO HAVE BEEN MINED CLEAN. SEVERAL DYNAMITE BORE HOLES WERE NOTED IN THE CEILING AND THE ONLY THING OF INTEREST WAS THE SLEEPING RACOON IN THE BACK. AFTER A QUICK SUPPER, A HALFHEARTED ATTEMPT WAS MADE AT FINDING DRY CAVE IN iHE NIGHT, WHILE PARTIES FLOUNDERED THEIR WAY THROUGH ENDLESS. SECTION "M" 8Y KUNATH'S STAT I ONS WERE FAIRLY FREQUENTLY V ISITED HOWEVER. A 80NE CHILLING NIGHT WAS HAD 8Y EVERYONE.(SOME SLEPT I N ENDLESS) M OST OF THE GROUPS PACKED UP TO LEAVE SUNDAY MORNING BUT ONE GROUP (BOW 'DEN CAMPBELL, FRENCH CROOK, ANDY WOOD, MARlbN MINKS AND MYSELF) WENT TO ENDLESS FOR THE FI RST TIME. VAINLY TRYING TO FOLLOW JUMBLED DIRECTIONS, WE EVENTUALLY STRUCK OUT ON OUR OWN AND PROMPLY MET UP WITH A LOCAL GROUP FROM NEARBY. ONE OF THE GROUP HAD PREVIOUSLY 8EEN TO PARTS OF ENDLESS, AND AS DESPERATE AS WE WERE WE LET HIM LEAD. WE EVENTUALLY FOUND SOME EXTREMELY BEAUT I FUL LIVE FORMATIONS WITH BLOODREO DRAPER I ES AND WATER FILLED RIMSTONE WE LET THE LOCAL B OYS RETURN ON THEIR OWN, AND STRUCK OUT TO EXPLORE AS MUCH AS POSSIBLE IN THE NOW SHORT TIM E WE HAD LEFT. AFTER CHECKING MORE "ENDLESS" CEAqS WE TOO HAD TO BACK-TRACK IN ORDER TO ARRIVE AT LUBBOCK THAT NIGHT. IN THE FIRST LARGE CREVICE ROOM, WE NOTED A WELL-BORE IN THE CEILING AND WALL AND AFTER LEAVING WE FOUND THE OLD CASING ON TOPSIDE. IN ALL THE CLUB WAS EXTREMELY I MPRESSED WITH THE AREA AND PLAN FUTURE TRIPS BACK. IT SEEMS LIKE A GREAT PLACE FOR A REGION PROJECT! (CONTI NUED FROM PAGE 36) IF WE DON' T PRINT CONTR IBUTIONS, WE DON'T APPRECIATE TRUE GENIUS; IF WE DO PRINT THEM THE PAPER IS F I LLED WITH JUNK; IF WE MAKE A CHANGE I N THE OTHER PERSON'S ARTICLE, WE ARE TOO CRITI CAL; IF WE DON'T WE ARE ASLEEP, Now, LIKE AS NOT SOMEONE W ILL SAY WE P I NCHED THI s. WE 01 Do E X TRACTED FROMg STOP PRESS, SYDNEY SPELEOLOGI CAL SOCI ETY, JANUARY, '1966 PAGE 4.

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THE TEXAS CAVER, MARCH, 1966 PAGE 39 ALAM O GROTTO, N.S.S. WE ARE DIGGING AGAIN! WITH ALL THE CAVES IN OUR NORTH BEXAR COUNTY WE HAVE DECI DED TO DI G A FEW MORE. IF W E TIRE OF DIGGING WE CAVE AWHILE. SO WAS THE CASE THIS MONTH FEBRUARY THE ALAMO GROTTO PARTICIPATED WITH THE BOY SCOUTS INVOLVING EXPLORATION OF CAVES. OUR MONTHLY MEETING WAS HELD AT THE HOME OF DR. ROBERT HAUSMAN. MUCH OF 'THE LAST FEW WEEKS HAVE BEEN SPENT IN PREPARATION FOR THE FORTH COMING CONVENTION IN SAN MARCOS. REPORTED BY: HELEN BORDELON 515 GILBERT LANE SAN ANTONIO, TEXAS DALLAS-FORT WORTH GROTTO, N.S.S. O N FEB. 5TH DAVE RICHARDSON, BILL M ALLETT, JERRY DAVIS AND DICK M OORE MADE A TRIP TO TURNER FALLS, OKLA. FOR A DAY OF ROCK CLIMBING, RAPPELLING, ETC. ON FEB. 12 & 13 61 X M EMBERS OF THE DFWG, DAVE RICHA RDSON, BILL MALLETT, BOB SMITH, G ARY ANDERSON, DAVID INCE, & TERRY W ATTS MET 8 MEMBERS FROM THE ALAMO G ROTTO FOR AN ENJOYABLE TRIP TO THE CAVE OF LAKES. ON THE RETURN TRIP A SViI NG WAS MADE THROUGH NEW B RAUNFELS FOR A VISIT TO NBC. PETE LIN D SLEY, CHUCK LARSEN, CLAUD HEAD, AND PETE COBB MET A GROUP OF CAVERS F R O M ARK. AND MI SSOURI TO HELP MAKE:" A 1 6MM MOVI E OF ONE OF THE MORE B EAUTIFUL CAVES OF ARKANSAS. ON FEB. 20, DAVE RICHARDSON, JIM HODGES, B ILL MALLETT, AND TERRY WATTS JOURNEYED TO TURNER FALLS FOR MORE ROCK CLIMBING. FRED TART AND MIKE HUG HES REALLY DID MAKE THAT TRIP TO S. DAKOTA OVER THr SEMESTER BREAK! THE HIGHEST TEMPERATURE WHILE THEY WERE THERE WAS 0; HOWEVER, THEY WERE VERY IMPRESSED WITH THE BEAUTIFUL I C E CAVES AND WI TH THE ENORMOUS & UNTOUCHED CAVING POTENTIAL OF A STATE WITH FEW CAVERS. AT THE FEB. MEETING D R EDWARD SULKIN, CHAIRMAN OF THE D EPT. OF MICROBIOLOGY AT THE UNIVERSITY or TEX AS SOUTHWEST MEDI CAL CENT ER s TALKED ON THE RESULTS OF THEIR TWO YEAR RESEARCH PROGRAM ON THE SPREAD OF RABIES BY BATS. THIS OUTSTANDING SPEAKER DREW A RECORD CROWD. THE GROTTO WELCOMED TWO NE W MEMBERS, GARY ANDERSON OF DALLAS AND BILLY MALLETT OF TERRELL. REPORTED BY: KATHERINE GOODBAR 6 621 SUNNYLAND L. DALLAS,TEX. 75214 INDEPENDENT. DURING A WEEKEND IN OCT. OVER 200 FEET WAS SURVEYED IN A CAVE SOUTH OF WHITE'S CITY, WITH KOMENSKEY'S KARLSBAD CAVERS. NEW YEARS FOUND ME WITH PVG BELAYING BOB STUCKLEN (COLO.) DOWN THE 202 FOOT TEUFELS GRUBE AND HELPING ON THE SURVEYING OF COTTONWOOD. ONE DAY OF A RECENT TRIP WAS SPENT IN SOME DUSTY FILES DIGGING UP OLD NEWSPAPERS WITH SUCH HEADLINES AS "DRIVE YOUR CAR TO HELL AND BACKY AND ALSO PULL I NG SOME SANDI A GROTTO M EMBERS IN FROM DRY POT. THE NEXT DAY ANDY KOMENSKEy 'AND I VISITED SEVERAL PALEO CAVES, INCLUDING FAMOUS BURNET CAVE, WHERE A FLUTTED POINT W AS FOUND IN ASSOCIATION WITH THE R ONES OF A MUSK OX AND A CARIBOU-LIKE ANIMAL. NUMEROUS PICTOGRAPH SITES WERE ALSO VISITED, INCLUDING ONE CAVE WITH MINITURE PICTROGRAPHS OF BIG HORNS. A NEW RECORD WAS SET IN GOING UP. 11 P.M. FOUND US WAY OUT USUARY TRAIL DRIVING THROUGH THE SNOW WHEN THE HEADLIGHTS QUIT! No RECORDS WERE BROKEN COM ING DOWN THE NEXT MORNING. NEXT MORNING FOUND M E OUTNUMBERED 10 TO 1 (10 N.M,C, TO 1 T.C.) SOM E VERY UNSTABLE BREAKDOWN W AS CHECKED IN MUNSON's THAT DAY. NEXT DAY A PHOTO TRIP WAS MADE TO MADONNA, Too THOUSAND FOOT SHELTER WAS PHOTOGRAPHED. AN APPARENT CEREMONI AL CAVE WAS DI SCOVERED, CONTAINING STICKS BENT IN COIL SPRING SHAPE. WHILE GLASSING SOM E HOLES, A CAVE MATCHING PINK' DRAGON'S DESCRIPTION WAS SPOTTED. SCANING SOM E HOLES ON ANOTHER RIDGE SIDE WE NOTICED A HEADER COMING DOWN THE MOUNTAIN SIDE AND THEN VANISHING INTO WHAT APPEARED TO BE A DOLINE,

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THE TEXAS CAVER 4 612 WATAUGA ROAD DALLAS, TEXA S 75209 OFFICIAL PUBLICATION OF THE TEX AS SPELEOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION NATIONAL SPELEOLOGICAL SOCIETY (RE TUR N POSTAGE GUARANTEED) TO: ***************************************************************************************, GROTTO NEWS CONTINUED: WITH 10 X 50 BINOCULARS WE COULD SEE A DARK HOLE ABOVE THE LIP OF THE DOLINE. THIS DOLINE IS LOCATED ONLY A FEW HUNDRED FEET A B OVE THE MASSIVE EL CAPITAN FORMATION, WHICH OBTAINS A 2000FOOT THICKNESS IN THE SOUTHERN (TEX.) END OF THE GUADALUPES. ANY ONE WANT TO G O NEXT TIME'! R E PORTED BY TOM MEADOR ROUT E 1 ELDORADO, TE X AS RIO GRANDE VALLEY CAVING CLUB: AT OUR ORGANIZATIONAL MEETING ON JAN. 2 6 WE GRE W TO TEN MElY1BERS, THANKS TO MERYDITH TURNER. THE NEXT NIGHT, CHI P CARNEY RODE IN FROM AUSTIN ON HIS MOTORCYCLE. WE FED HIM AND SENT HIM ON HIS WAY TO VICTORIA TO JOIN M. TURNER FOR SOME CAVING. JOHN KREIDLER IS PLANNING CAVE TRIPS TO CARRIZAL AND BUSTAMANTE BEGINNING OF M ARCH, WHILE TO RETURN TO R,O GRANDE CITY TO CHECK OUT THE TUNNEL THAT WAS SUPPOSED TO GO UNDER THE RIO GRANDE. SEE YOU ALL AT THE CONVENTION. REPORTED BY: TOM WARDEN 119 N. BER MUDA WESLACO,TEX.78596 TEXAS TECH. SPELEOLOGICAL SOCIETY: DURING THE MONTH OF JANUARY THE CLUB JUST ABOUT SHUT DOWN DO TO EXAMS. ONLY ONE MEETING WAS HELD WITH A TRIP PLANNED TO THE McKITTRICK HILL AREA AS SOON AS EXAMS WERE OVER. WELL FOUR INCHES ENDED THAT IDEA. 18, THE TRIP W AS OF SNOW AND ICE FINALLY ON FEB. MADE. SIXTEEN PEOPLE WENT AND EVERYONE HAD A GREAT TIME, AND PLANS WILL BE MADE TO RETURN. I T SEEMS TO BE A GREAT PLACE FOR A PROJECT DUE TO THE HIGH AMOUNT OF CAVE PASSAGE. Box 4133 TECH. STATION LUBBOCK, TEX AS 79409 IN LEAKEY THE CAVES ARE LAKEY, W,TH WATER CLEAR AND BLUE. BUT, ARE THE LAKEYS LEAKY'! THIS WE ASK OF yOU . K. GOODBAR TH E PROGRESS OF SCIENCE IS MANIFESTED NOT IN NEW METHODS THAT ARE FREE FROM ERROR BUT IN THE FACT THAT WE REACH OUR ERRONEOUS CONCLUSIONS SOONER. THE INTERAMERICAN, VOL. 13, No.2.


Description
Contents: Conservation
committee / Bill Russell, Committee Chairman --
Build an ascender / Pete Lindsley --
Build a 3-pronged rappeller --
Tech, goes under the hill / Bob Dunn --
Grotto News.


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