The Texas Caver

Citation
The Texas Caver

Material Information

Title:
The Texas Caver
Series Title:
The Texas Caver
Creator:
Texas Speleological Association
Publisher:
Texas Speleological Association
Publication Date:
Language:
English

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Regional Speleology ( local )
Technical Speleology ( local )
Genre:
Newsletter
serial ( sobekcm )
Location:
United States

Notes

General Note:
Contents: Lava caves part 2 / Nan Lindsley -- Abilene Grotto checks the hills / Jim Estes -- Project under the hill / Carl Kunath -- Grotto news.
Restriction:
Open Access - Permission by Publisher
Original Version:
Vol. 11, no. 8 (1966)
General Note:
See Extended description for more information.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
K26-04503 ( USFLDC DOI )
k26.4503 ( USFLDC Handle )
10662 ( karstportal - original NodeID )
0040-4233 ( ISSN )

USFLDC Membership

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Added automatically
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serial

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Full Text

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1966 VCl.Xl B

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VOLUME XI NUMBER 8 AUGUST, 1966 COVER: STAT I ON 1 ToM MEADOR AT ONE oF THE MANY ENTRANCES TO THE SERIES OF SHELTERS KNOWN AS THE "PAINTED CAVES11 NEAR DEL RIO. AT ONE TIME THESE SHELTERS CONTAINED MANY PICTOGRAPHS, BUT NOW ARE COMPLETELY VANDALIZED. PERSONS WITH INFORMATION ON INDIAN SHELTERS SHOULD GET IN TOUCH WITH TOM PRONTO SINCE HE IS COMPILING INFORMATION ON INDIAN SHELTERS FOR A FOURTHCOMING ARTICLE-PERHAPS TO APPEAR IN THE NSS BULLETIN. PHoTo BY CARL KuNATH. (NtKON F, ADox KB-17 FILM IN D-76.) CONTENTS: PAGE 95 LAVA CAVES PART 2 BY NAN LINDSLEY 99 ABILENE CHECKS THE HILLS BY JIM ESTES 101 THE HILL BY CARL KUNATH' 102 GROTTO NEWS THE TEXAS CAVER IS A MONTHLY PUBLICATION OF THE TEXAS SPELEOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION AND IS PUBLISHED IN DALLAS, TEXAS. MATERIAL FOR PUBLICATION SHOULD BE TYPED DOUBLE-SPACED AND SENT TO THE NO LATER THAN THE 1sT OF THE MONTH OF ISSUE. THIS PUBLICATION IS EXCHANGED W ITH OTHER PUBLICATIONS SUBSCRIPTION IS $3.00 PER FOR 12 1ssuEs.{9) 1966 BY THE TEXAS CAVER. EDITOR PETE LINDSLEY GRoTTO NEws EDITOR OLSEN AsstsTAND EDITOR CHUCK LARSEN PHHTO TIPS CARL KuNATH TYPIST JACKLYN ROBINSON EvENTS EDITOR JIM EsTES ARTWORKNORMAN ROBINSON LILLY AssEMBLY JACK & GLORIA BuRcH NOTE8 ALL MONEY AND QUESTIONS FOR SUBSCRIPTIONS OR RENEWALS SHOULD BE SENT TO THE ASSISTANT EDITOR: CHUCK LARSEN, 12719 HIGHMEAOOW, DALLAS, TEXAS 75234. ALL GROTTO AND CLUB NEWS SHOULD BE SENT TO THE GROTTO NEWS EDITOR: BERT OLSEN, 222 MIZELL, DUNCANVILLE, TEXAS 75116. OFFICERS OF THE TEXAS SPELEOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION FOR THE CURRENT YEAR AREg CHAIRMAN KuNATH VICE CHAIRMAN . BILL RussELL OLLENE BUNDRANT 107 ToMAHAWK TRAIL, SAN ANTONIO, TEXAS 78232 PLEASE SEND us ZIP CoDE IF IT IS NOT ON THE MAILING TAG. YOU CAN'T GET YOUR NEXT WITHOUT A ZIP t

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THE TEXAS CAVER9 AuG U ST, 1966 PAGE 95 LAVA CAVES PART IT N TERNAL FEATURES OF LAVA CAVES g STALACT iTES, AND SOMET!MES S T A L AGMITES, ARE FOUND D N A LL T VPES OF LAVA CAVES. AcCORD ING TO WEN TWORTH AND MACDONA LD (19539 P u 54) LAVA S T A LACT UTES M A Y FORM N ONE O F T W O WilY So THE F I RST MODE OF FORMA T iON U S B Y T H OF MORE OR LESS FL U I D LAVA FROM THE WALLS AND ROOF EITHER DUE TO A L OWERUNG O F THE LE V E L O F FLU i D LAVA N THE OR ELSE FROM S PATTER STAL A C T U T ES FORMED I N THI S WAY LOOK SOMEWHAT LIKE U C ICLES, A L THOUGH THE Y ARE MORE IRREGULAR, AND ANY ST ALAGMiTES THAT FORM ARE PROBABL Y CARRUED AWAY B Y T H E ST I LL MOVING LAVA STRE A M o THESE STALACTITES ARE GENERA LLY 6 TO 12 INCHES LONG, THO UGH RARELY THEY MAY BE AS MUCH AS J FEET LONG. STALACT ITES MAY ALSO BE FORMED BY G A S -HEATING I N A TUBE OR SPATTER CONE. AT TEMPERA T URES UP T O 12QQC THE EXPOSED SURFACES ARE HEATED UNTIL THEY FLOW, PRODUC ING STAL A CTITES W H iCH ARE USUALL Y NO MORE THAN INCHES T H DCK, ALTHOUGH THEY MAY BE A S LONG AS 4 F EE T T H ESE STALACT O T ES SHOW GREA T V A R I ETV OF F ORMo T HEY MAY BE R ODS9 OR THE Y MAY BE I SoME ARE L IKE ELONGAT E BUNCHES OF GRAPES9 O T H ERS LOOK L IKE A NEST O F CONTORTED WORMS. AT HALEMAUMAU CRA TE R O N K ILAU E A9 S TALACT i T ES HAVE BEEN OBSER VED A CTUALLY I N THE PROCESS OF FORMATION BY WENTWORTH AND M ACDONALD9 WHO SAY8 "WHi L E T HE Y ARE S T I LL GLOWING TH E Y ARE SUF FICOENTL Y P L AS T O C T O SWAY F REELY D N BLAS T O F GAS" ( 1953,P.54). WHEN THESE S TALACTITES FORM i N TU BES THE V SOMETOMES DRI P TO A FOOT H IGH AND A S MUCH AS 4 INCHES W IDE. WHEN STALAGMITES ARE FOUND D O RECTLY UNDER T H E STALAC T D T ES9 T HEY C A N ONLY HAVE FORMED AFTER THE B v g NAN L I NDSLE Y LAVA ON THE FLOOR STOPPED MOV I N G WILL I AMS, IN H I S DESCR I P TION OF THE LAVA RIVER TUNNEL (1923, P. 165), MENTIONS THAT THE WALLS AND ROOF OF THE TUNNEL ARE GLAZED OVER T O PRODUCE A FAiRLY SMOOTH S U RFACE ST A LACT iTES ARE COMMON AND ARE H IGHLY VES I CULAR INS!DE9 THE O UTS! DE BEl NG DENSE AND NONPOROUS. VESICLES ARE OFTEN ELONGATE VERT i C A LL Y SoME OF THE STALACT iTES ARE HOLLOW FOR SEVERAL INCHES OF THEIR LE NGHT W ITH END OF THE TUBE BE l NG OPEN PERHAPS THESE "SODA STRAWS" FORMED BY SOL IDIFI CAT ION OF A CRUST ON THE OUTS IOE9 AFTER WHICH THE STO LL L I QUID INTERIOR OF THE STALACT ITE ORAl NED OUT TEAR-DROP-SHAPED OR BULBOUS STALACT ITES SEEM TO BE QUITE COMMON. THEY FORM WHEN THE LAVA OF THE STALACT ITE IS FLU I D ENOUGH TO FL O W I N T O A DROP AT THE END BUT NOT FLU I D ENOUGH TO FALL OFF. TEAR-DROP STALACTITES ARE MENTIONED BY RUSSE L (1902, P.94) AS OCCURR ING I N PRESSURE R IDGE CAVES OF THE SNAKE R i VER AREA, AND PECK (1962, P o 27) SPEA KS OF "BULBOUS LAVAL STALACT ITES" I N THE ARco TUNNEL LAvA TUBE I N IDAHo. SH ARKg S TOOTH STALAC TITES ARE ANOTHER TYPE, APPEAR ING AS FLA T TENED I C iCLE-LIKE PROJECTI ONS W HICH A RE FORMED BY THE PULL ING APART O F TAFFYLIKE LAVA. WENTWORTH AND MACDO NALD (1953, P. 57) DESCR IBE A WEIRD FEATURE FOUND OCCASIONALL Y I N I-lAWAI 1--"BARNACLE STA LAGMITES"-WH!CH FORM WHEN VERY V ISCOU S LAVA I S SQUEEZED THROUGH CRACKS N THE WALL OR FLOOR OF A TUBE. I N ONE I-lAWAI IAN LAVA TUBE AT KALAU O K I PIT CRATER THERE ARE NEARLY A D OZEN SMALL CONiCAL CUPOLAS IN THE ROOF g PRO= BABLY FORMED BY ESCAP ING GASo THIS LAVA TUBE HAS A MAXIMUM WIDTH O F

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PAGE 96 THE TEXAS CAVER, AuGUST 1966 22 FEETj AND A MAXIMUM HEIGHT OF 2 0 FEET THE CUPOLAS RANGE N HE!GHT FROM 1 TO 8 FEET (POWERS, 1922' p 0 6 38) 0 POPCORN CAVE, A LAVA TUBE CAVE NEAR MTo SHASTA, IS DESCRIBED AS HAVING SMALL SPATTER CONES ON ITS FLOOR. THE NAME OF THE CAVE PROBABLY IS DERIVED FROM THE SURFACE OF THE LAVA (HALLIDAY, 1962A, P 1 12). ANOTHER INTERESTING FEATURE IS FOUND ON THE FLOOR OF GREAT OWL CAVERN, A LAVA TUBE IN CRATERS OF THE MOON NATIONAL MoNUMENT IN THIS CAVE AN ODD PRESSURE Rl DGE WHICH EXTENDS ALMOST THE WHOLE LENGTH OF THE CAVE MAY BE SEEN I N THE CENTER OF THE FLOOR (PECK, 19629 Po 31 ). MINERAL i ZAT iON I N LAVA CAVES: LAVA CAVES, PARTICULARLY THE SPATTER CONE VARIETY, FRENQUENTLY CONTA I NS DEPOSITS OF VARIOUS KINDS OF MINERALS, AMONG THEM CALCITE, ARAGONI T E 9 GYPSUM, QUARTZ, OPAL, M INABILITE, THENARDITE, JAROSITE, AND ZEOLITES. THESE MINERALS ARE THE RESULT OF GROUND WATER PER COLATING THROUGH THE POROUS BASALT. SOME LAVA CAVES HAVE STALACTITES AND STALAGMITES OF TRUE CALCITE AND ARAGONOTE. GYPSUM MAY ALSO BE PRESENT, USUALLY EITHER AS CRYSTALS OR AS A "HAI R Y EFFLORESCENCE" (TURNER, 1961, Po 41 ). GYPSUM ALSO OCCURS O N SOME OF THE CAVES AT CRATERS OF THE MooN NATIONAL MoNUMENT. CRYSTAL PIT SPATTER CoNE DESCRIBED BY PECK (1962,P.27) vA S LAVA STAL A CT ITES COATED WITH G VPSUM9 AS WELL AS DEPOSITS OF J AROSITE AND M I R ABILITE (riA2S04. 10 IN TH I S SAME AREA, PECK MENTIONS THAT SPATTER CoNE No. 2 (sEE FIG. 2 JULY TEXAS CAVER) HAS CRUSTS OF GYPSUM UP TO ONE INCH THICK ON THE WALLS. SoME oF THE GYPSUM IS SPATTER CoNE No.2 HAS MOSS GROWING ON IT. M iRAB' L I TE AND THENARDITE (NA2S04) ARE FOUND IN SEVERAL CAVES I N CRAT ERS OF THE MooN NATIONAL I NCLUDING INDIAN TUNNEL L AVA TUBE AND SNow CoNE (FIG. 3 JULY TEXAS CAVER). AcCORD ING TO TURNER Po41), WHEN GROUND WATER PASSES THROUGH ACIDI C LAVA FLOWS OR SEDIMENTS BEFORE ENTERING THE LAVA TUBE, QUARTZ CRYSTALS OR EVEN, VERY RARELY, QUARTZ STALACTITES MAY FORM. DEPOSITS OF OPAL ARE SOMEWHAT MORE COMMON. SWARTZLOW AND KELLER (1937, Po 101) DESCRIBE THE APPEARANCE OF OPAL DEPOSITS IN LABYRINTH GAVE AND CATACOOMBS GAVE I N LAVA PEDS NATIONAL MoNUMENT AS BE ING SIMILAR TO THE APPEARANCE OF ORGANIC CORAL OR THE CALCITE "CAVE CORAL" FOUND IN LIMESTONE CAVES. THE FORMATION OF THESE DEPOS ITS OCCURS ONLY IN MOIST CAVES, AND PARTICULARLY ON ROUGH SURFACES WHERE THE BASALT FRAGMENTS ACT AS NUCLE i I FOR DEPOSITION OF THE M I NERAL MATTER. OPAL FORMS MOSTLY ON THE ROOF AND WALLS9 BUT SOMET MES I T ALSO IS FOUND ON THE FLOOR. WHEN IT DOES FORM ON THE CAVE FLOOR IT SEEMS TO COME FROM BELOW, RATHER THAN AS DRIP FROM THE ROOF WHERE CIRCULATION OF THE WATER !S FREE AND RAPID OPAL ASSUMES A BOTRYOIDAL CHARACTER, BUT WHERE THERE IS ENOUGH MOISTURE TO CAUSE DRIPPING OF TRUE STALACTITES WILL SOMETJ MES FORM. IN RARE CASES HELICTITES, OR BRANCHING STALACTITES, MAY BE FOUND. IF THE SURFACE OF DEPOSITION IS TOO SMOOTH, THE OPAL IS DEPOSITED UNIFORMLY OVER THE ENTIRE SURFACE. HoWEVER, WHEN THE SURFACE IS ROUGH AND UNEVEN THE MOI STURE TENDS TOCONCENTRATE IN THE DEPRESSIONS ALLOWING BLACK KNOBS TO ST ICK OUT THROUGH THE WHITE DEPOSITS AND PRODUCING AN EFFECT KNOWN AS "LAVA LACE". THIS LEADS TO SUCH NAMES AS "WHil-E LAcE CAvE", IN LAVA PEDS NATIONAL MONUMENT. OPAL IS OFTEN DEPOSITED ALONG CRACKS AND FISSURES AS A COATING ON THE INSIDE OF THE FISSURE WALLS. SoME OF THE OPAL DEPOS! TS IN LAVA PEDS NATIONAL MoNUMENT SHOW BANDING FROM SEASONAL DEPOSITION, DUE TO THE DEFINITE WET AND DRY SEASONS WHICH ARE CHARACTERISTIC OF THIS AREA. THE SILICA IN THESE DEPOSITS MAY COME FROM HYDRATION OF THE MATERIALS COMPOSING THE BASALT, PARTLY ACCOMPLISHED IN THE EARLY STATES OF LAVA

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THE TEXAS CAVER, AuGUS T 9 1966 PAGE 97 FORMATION BY HOT MOIST GASES, THE S iLICA IS LATER RELEASED B Y lNG GROUND WATER AND REDEPOSI TED A S CESCRi BED ABOVE WHEN THE GROUND W ATER EVAPORATES IN THE CAVE, PECK (1962, P, 27) DESCRIBES A WHITE DEPOSIT WHICH I S PROBABLY OPAL I N THE ARCO TUNNEL LAVA TUBE N CRAT ERS OF THE MooN NATI ONAL A LTHOUGH EARLY EXPLORERS OF TH O S CAVE BELI EVED THAT THE WHITE SUBSTANCE WAS DECOMPOSED L AVA, OPA L I S FOUND ON BOTH WALLS AND ROOF I N ARCO TUNNEL, AND A LL O C CURRENCES OF I T ARE MOIST, OF THE OPA L H A S BEE N GOING O N FOR AS I T O S A LSO FOUND ON BLOCKS WHICH HAV E DROPPED OFF THE CE r L !NG A T SOMET iME N THE PAST CE CAVES& PROBABLY THE FOUND MOST OFTE"N IN LAVA C AVES S I CEo j Ct CAVE S ARE L I M I TED TO WHERE THE TEMPERATU RE i S BELOW FREEZ ONG DUR iNG A PAR T OF THE AND ARE KNOWN UN EVER Y STATE WHERE LAVA CAVES ARE FOUND W I TH THE EXCEPTION OF HAWAO g o IN THE AREA OF LAVA PEDS NATI ONAL MoNUMENT ALONE A BOUT 1/3 O F A L L THE CAVES CONT A I N E I THER WATER OR I CE OR BOTH (SWARTZLOW9 19359 P ,44Q ). THE WATER AND 0 CE ARE OF ORO G I N AND HAV E E!THER COME IN THROUGH THE ENTRANC E A S R AI N OR SNOW OR HAVE SEEPED D OWN THROUGH CRACKS AND F ISSU RES I N THE POROUS BASALT, DURING THE COL D DENSE SURFACE AIR FILLS TH E CAVE9 CHOLLING THE ROCK AND FRE EZONG THE WATER. WHEN S UMMER COMES THE COLO A S R PERSISTS I N THE CAVE AND PRESERVES THE ICE, SOMET i MES ALL YEAR LONG o HARRi NGTON ( 19}4,Po433) DESCR OBES A TVP O CAL ICE CAVE, THE SHOSHONE i C E CAVE O N THE BLACK PU TTE F LOW NEAR SHOSHONE9 I DAHO. SHoSHONE I CE CAv E SHOWN O N SEC TiON OF F I G U RE 49 O S A PORTOON OF A LAVA T UBE ABOUT 250 FEET LONG, Fl GURE 4 SHOSHONE IcE CAvE, IDAHo, SHOWING ICE IN CAVE. (HARR I NGTON, 19}4, P. 435.) !TS MAXIMUM WIDTH I S 60 FEET, AND ITS MAXIMUM HEIGHT I S 30 FEET. THE !CE STA RTS NEAR THE ENTRANCE AND COVERS THE ENT I RE FLOORo TOWARD THE REAR OF THE CAVE, THE ROOF I S A LSO COVERED W ITH I CE AND I CE F ILLS THE REAR PART OF THE TUBE FOR AN UNKNOWN DISTANCEo HARRINGTON MENTIONS S I MILAR CAVES NEAR GRANTS, NEW MEXDCO, WHICH ARE PROBABLY THE SAME I CE CAVES MENTIONED B Y (1961, Po 42) AT JoHNSON MES A AND StERRA NEGRAS o 80TH HARR!NGTON AND TURNER ALSO MENTION i CE C A VES N THE VICI N I T Y OF FLAGSTAFF9 ARIZONA o ARE ALSO LAVA CAVES CONTA I N ING i CE AT SUNSE T CRA TER NATIONAL MoNUMENT THE I CE CAVES OFTEN CONTA i N VER Y BEAUTIFUL FORMATOONSo CRV S = TA L C A VE9 IN LAVA BEDS NATi ONAL MoNUMENT, HAS MANY HEXAGONAL I CE CRY S TAL S UP TO'SIX I NCHES LONG AND A N LONG AND A N INCH TH ICK H ANG6NG FROM THE CE O L ING 1935, Po 440)o STALACTiTES AND ST ALAGMITES ARE A LSO COMMON, AS A RE SUCH F E A T URES AS COAT ING O F FROS T CRV STA L S9 ICE CASCADES, AND STRAWS11 o USES OF LAVA CAVESg OF COURSE, FOR TH E SPELU NKER LAVA CAVES A RE AN IMPORTANT SOURCE OF

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PAGE 98 THE TEXAS CAVER, AuGusT, 1966 FUN AND EXCITEMENT. A NUMBER OF LAVA CAVES ARE RUN COMMERICALLY FOR THE TOURIST TRADE. AMONG THESE ARE SHoSHONE iNDIAN IcE CAvEs, IDAHo; PERPETUAL IcE CAvEs, NEw MExico; AND 0LE0s CAvE, WASHINGTON (FoLsoM, 19629 PP. 281 -293). IN THE PAST, SOME L A V A CAVES HAVE BEEN USED AS SHELTERS BY INDI ANS AND LATER BY SETTLERS; P I ONEER WELL CAVE IN NORTHEN CAL I FORNIA WAS ONCE USED AS A WATER HOLE FOR STOCK ON THE STAGE COACH RUN (HALL IDAY, 1962A9 P o 124) 0 OTHER LAVA CAVES HAVE BEEN USED AS OF WATER, AND ON THE I SL A N D OF K AUAI, HAWAI 1, LAVA TUBES MAY I N SOME CASES TRANSMIT HUGE VOLUMES OF GROUND WATER (MACDONAL AND OTHERS9 P. 120). THESE LAVA TUBES, I F PAPPED9 CAN PROVIDE AN IMPORTANT SOURCE OF WATER; UNFORTUNATELY LAVA TUBES ARE NOT TOO COMMON ON KAUAi o SoME LAVA CAVES I N THE CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES HAVE SEEN MINED FOR THEIR ICE; OTHERS HAVE SEEN MINED FOR DEPOS ITS OF GUANO. 80TH TURNER (1961 Po 42) AND HALLIDAY )1962A, PPo 111-128) DESCRIBE EXAMPLES OF THESE. FoR THE VOLCANOLOGIST, LAVA C AVES ARE MOST VALUA BLE FOR THE INFOR MATION THEY YIELD CONCERNING THE INTERIORS OF LAVA FLOWS, AND THE A CTUAL MECHANOSM O F FLOW, AS WELL AS SOME OF WHA T HAPPENS AFTER FLOW STOPS. IN THE WITHIN THE NEXT 5 Y EA RS9 LAVA. CAVES MAY BECOME VERY I M P ORTANT I N DEED TO ASTRONAUTS AND LUNAR E X PLORERS LAVA CAVES H AVE BEE N S U GGES TED AS POSSIBL E SHELTERS AS PROTECT ION AGAINS T RADIATION, E X REME TEMPERATURE CHANGE9 AND CRO M E TEOR! T ES (GREEN, 1963, P .83), AT LE A S T O N THE EARL Y STAGES OF LUNAR CONLONBZAT ION. L A V A CAV ES WILL BE USEFUL AS SHE LT ERS ON THE MOON IF& 1) THERE A RE LAVA CAVES ON THE MOON, 2) THEY CAN BE L OCATED, 3) THEY CAN BE ENTERED, 4) THEY ARE LARGE ENOUGH, AND 5) THEY C A N BE SEA LED THE PRESENCE OF LAVA CAVES ON THE MOON IS DEPENDENT UPON THE EXI ST A NCE OF VOLCANIC ACTIVITY ON THE MOON (WHICH IS NOT ONLY POSSIBLE BUT PROBABLY I N MY OP INION). IF LAVA CAV ES EXIST, THEY CAN ALMOST CERTAINLY BE E I THER BY LOWALTITUDE GEOPHYSICAL SURVE Y S OR BY VISUAL OBSERVATION OR SOTHo OF THE THREE T YPES OF LAVA CAVES DESCRIBED, SPATTER CONES W I LL PROBABLY BE THE LEAST VALAUABLE AS SHELTERS9 AS THEY TEND TO BE TOO SMALL. THEY MAY SERVE AS IMPORTANT SOURCES OF MINERALS, HOWEVER, AND CERTAINLY MORE RESEARCH NEEDS TO BE DONE ON THEMo WoRE RESEARCH ALSO NEEDS TO BE DONE ON PRESSURE R IDGE CAVES. FRACTURES ARE QUI TE COMMON ALONG PRESSURE R I DGES AND MIGHT CONCEIVABLE BE USED FOR SHELTER, BUT CAVES WOULD PROVIDE MUCH BETTER SHELTERS. LAVA TUBES CER TAINLY APPEA R TO BE THE BEST POSS I B I LI T Y FOR SHEL T ERS NoT ONLY DO THE Y PROV IDE SHELTER BUT THEY ARE QUITE COMMON I N SOME VOLCANIC AREAS9 THEY A LSO TEND TO BE LARGE ENOUGH FOR SHELTER USEo SoME KNOWN L AVA TUB E S ARE EVEN LARGE ENOUGH FOR GROUND VEHICLES AND COULD POSSIBLY BE USED FOR SUBSURFACE TRAVEL IF SOLA R FLARES OR SHOWERS MAKE THE LUNAR SURFACE TOO DANGEROUR2 REFERENCES CITED& FoLSUM, 1962, ExPLORING AMERICA N CAVESS CoLL IER BOOKS, N.Y. 3l9 PP GREEN, J AcK, 1963, "SoME LuNAR REsouR cEs," FROM THE PROCEEDBNGS OF THE luNAR AND PLANETARY ExPLORA T! oN CoLLEQUI uM: NoRT H AMERICAN Av 1 A T I oN SPACE AND I TION SYSTEMS DIVI SION9 DOWNEY CALIF', PP. HAL L I DAY WILL I A M R 9 1962A, CAV ES OF' CALIFORNIA8 SPECIAL REPORT O F THE WESTERN SPELEOLOGICAL SURV E Y I N COOPERATION WITH THE NATL. SPELEOL Soc., 194 PP. HARRINGTON, E. R 11THE OI'HG!N OF' ICE CAvEs" JouR. GEoL v .42, PP o 11WouNT SAINT HELENS AREA119 e N SPELEO D1 GEST9 19628 PITTSBURGH GRoT To, N A TL. SPELEOL Soc.9 19649 SEC. L9 PP.200-1. HAssEMER9 JERRY, 1962, "BASAL T CAvE (CocoNINO CouNTY IN SPELEO DIGEST, 1962: GROTTO NATL. SPELEOLo Soc.9 19649 SEC. 1, PP. MAcDoN ALD, G. A D. A. AND Cox D. c., 19609 GEOLOGY AND GROUND-WATER RESOURCES OF THE ISLAND OF KAUAI CbNr. PAG 100

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THE TEXAS CAVER9 AuG usT9 1966 PAGE 99 A B I L E N E G R 0 T T 0 C H E C K S T H E H I L L I T HAD BEEN QUi TE SOMETUME S I NCE THE FROM ABILENE HAD DONE JUST PLAUN LEAD CHECKiNG. ON FADDAV N J GHT, JULY BART CRt J i M EsTEs, DoN AND & BLANCHE L i LLY DROVE TO EDWARDS Co u NTY T o FOLLOW UP LEADS THAT HAD BEEN N UDGING AT THE O R CURUOSDTV FOR QUOTE SOMETUMEo AFTER A MORNONG OF MAPP ONG ON A KNOWN C AVE TO COMPLETE A SUR V E Y THAT BEEN ST A R TED BACK I N THE RANCHER H A D SEVERA L HOLES T O SHOW THEMo THE FORST W A S A SMALL W ODE ENOUGH TO ALLOW A R ACOON T O ENTER. WiTH PR V BARS9 P O CKS AND EFFORT g THE SON AND TWO SPAN O S H L ABORERS OPENED U P THE HOLE O N N O T CMEo CRISMAN W i GGLED DOWN A YUBE FEET FIRST, AND REACHED A D I R T LEVEL BUT CALLED A HALT TO EXPLORATOON I N T HAT P A RTDCULAR L E AD. LOLLY TOOK A LOO K AT THE TUBE 9 ONLY TO FiND HCMSELF ST U G O N THE P O STER OOR END B Y A N ORANGE SCORP OONg THE SECOND HOL E TO BE CHECKED W A S ON TOP A H U LL ONE HALF M OLE FROM THE TUBEo A N T HREE OR FOUR l'iE E T & N D I AMETER GREE TED THE CAVERS o A FTER TRCMMiNG AWAY A MAT T O F BRD A RS9 LOLL Y PEEKED D N SEEING THAT THE HOL E WENT A LMOST VERT D CALL Y9 BUT W ITH PLENTY OF L EDGES AND PART OF THE BROAR T REE ALLOWUNG G OOD S TEPS. HE SACD HE HAD HEARD W OND B LOWUNGa THE HOWEVER9 TURNED OUT T O BE THE H USSONG OF A BUZZARD ON A LEDGE iMMEDI ATEL Y DNSDDE THE HOLE o THE CAVE9 B Y THE WAV9 W A S ONLY A S U NKHOLE ON A L EDGE iillltv1EDDATEL V DNSDDE THE HOLEo THE CAVE, HOWEVER, W A S ONLY ABOUT TWENTY F i V E FEET DEE P STILL ANOTHER HOLE ON THE SAME RANCHERt S LAND ALLOWED CRISMAN T O GO ABOUT FORTY FEET I N A LOW CEILONG ROOM. THE RANCHER SAI D THAT A T ONE T OME HE DROVE TWO RATHER D D SGRUNTLED JAVEL6 NAS I N T O THE HOLE JUST BEFORE LEAV DNG T HE RANCH9 THE OWNER HAD ONE O THER L E A D9 S A V DNG THAT TWO WETBACKS HAD LOVED O N THE CAVE FOR SEVERAL D AYS, S L EEP ONG AND EATiNG i NS IDE. TH6 S SOUNDED GOOD9 SO THE ABO LENE GROUP FOLLOWED H O M ALONG A STEEP HOLLS ODE T O AN OPEN O N G ABOUT F O V E FEET W iDE AND TWO AND ONE B Y& J i M EsTES H ALF FEET H SGHo IT SLANTED DOWNWARD. CR! SMAN REPORTED A SKUNK T O ONE SDDE OF THE BUT L n L LV SIAD9 UPON PEEK ONG THAT i T WAS THREE HE CALLED H O S WOFE g BLA NCHE T O SEE THEMo MEANWHOLE9 EST ES WMHED A LOOK 6 NSC DE THE AND L O LLY HAD PROGRESSED ONS!DEo A MEDIUM S O ZED ENTRANCE ALLOWED THEM TO STAND UP, AND ON THE FLOOR WAS THE REMAI NS OF THE BED F R AME THAT THE WETBACKS HAD U SED o THE INFORMATiON WAS TO THE AND CROSMA N DECGDED T O COME ON 8 N9 HIS A SKUNK D ISPELLED. ESTES AND CROSMAN CHECKED T HE CAVE OUT9 THEY THOUGHT. UPON THE TWO LOLL VS, W DNKLES, AND THE WENT BACK TO VIEW WHAT WE HAD ABOUT 150 FEET OF S I L T= PASSAGEo THE TWO REMAIN= lNG A T THE ENTRANCE ROOM L i STENED A T THE OTHERS AS THEY TALKED ABOUT CRA W LWAV S AND SUCHa F iNALLY THE FOU R THE RANCHER SAVI N G THAT HE NEEDED T O GET H D S H IRED HANDS TO WORK BEFORE THE DAY WAS CARBDOE AND FRESH THE GROUP O F ABI L ENE GUANO LOOKED A T THE RES T OF THE CAVEo THE CRAWLWAV D I SCOVERED B Y BLANCHE ULL V CAUSED THE OTHERS T O NAME THE CAVE AFTER DE BLANCHE I N ALL THERE WAS APPROX IMATELY 300 FEET OF PASSAGE 6NCLUDONG SOME LOTS OF B L ACK BETTLES. THERE NO FORMATDONS, B U T A LONG R OCK GAV E EViDENCE THAT A PROBAB LY ONCE W A S IN THE CAVE9 I F NOT ST i LL I N THE BREAKDOWN9 H S BONES THE ONLY THESE BONES WERE NOT FOUNDo ON THE FOLLOWING D A Y AFTER TWO HAMBURGERS EACH I N ROCKSPR O NGS AND A N I GHTS REST A T A NEARB Y THE GROUP FROM KEY C ITV V D S i TED THE RANCH O F LOWELL JESSUP BARKSDALE o A OF A CAVE THE VOSO T CoNT o PAGE 1 00

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PAGE 100 THE TEXAS CAVER, AuGUST, 1966 BUT THE RANCHER TOLD THE CAVERS THAT THE PART I CULAR CAVE WAS NOT ON HIS PROPERTY, WHILE THE LILLYS AND WINKLES CHECKED OUT A LEAD ON JESSUP1S LAND, CRISMAN AND ESTES DROVE SOME 25 MILES TO CHECK WITH THE OTHER LANDOWNER, THE Y RECE i VED PERMISSION AND DIRECTIONS TO DOBBv S CAVE, BEING INFORMED THAT THEY WOULD HAVE TO WALK ABOUT THREE QUART ERS OF A MDLE TO IT, UPON RETURNING THE TWO FOUND THAT THE OTHERS WERE STILL OFF CHECKING ON A HILLTOP, AND DECIDED TO GO ON UP THE CANYON TO LOCATE THE ENTRANCE AND SAVE SOME TIME, THE CHECKING IN THE HILLS OF EDWARDS COUNTY HAD NETTED THREE CAVES8 CAVERNA DE BLANCHE Qw1TH ITS BABY BUZZARDS), JESSUP9S CAVE, AND Does's CAvE. IN ADDITION, GOOD RELATIONS WERE FURTHERED WITH THE LANDOWNERS, AND A LOT OF BEAUTIFUL SCENERY WAS VIEWED. ANOTHER TRIP IN THE FUTURE IS PLANNED FOR THE AREA TO FINISH WITH SURVEYS OF THE CAVES9 AND TO TRY TO MAKE GOOD LEADS OUT dF PURE RUMORS. THE END LATER, THE OTHERS CAME UP EARLIER THAN SAVjNG THAT THE LEAD THAT CHECKED HAD TURNED OUT TO BE ABOUT A LAVA CAVES, PART I I REFERENCES CITED& (CONTINUE[(.', PAGE 98) 500 FOOT CAVE, WDTH A SMALL CRAWL NOT COMPLETELY CHECKED. AFTER LUNCH UNDERNEATH A BIG LIVEOAK, THE WHOLE CREW GEARED UP AND WALKED UP TO DOBBu S CAVE, LONG TUCKED AWAY I N THE GROTT08S LEAD FILE, A SHORT WHILE LATER, THE CAVE ENTRANCE WAS FOUND, THE ALMOST EVER =PRESENT BUZZARDS WERE M !SSONG THIS TIME, BUT ONE HAD LEFT MOST OF H I S FEATHERS NOT FAR BACK INSIDE THE ENTRANCE. Doss's CAVE WAS RUMORED TO BE A VERY BEAUT I FUL CAVE AND ALSO EZTENSIVE, BEING NOT FAR FROM THE OLD Does's RANCH HOUSE, THE LAST PART OF THE RUMOR WAS CORRECT AFTER GO 8 NG ABOUT Fl FTY FEET, THE CAVE OPENED SOMEWHAT INTO A ROOM WITH A CRAWLWAY TO THE LEFT, STRAIGHT AHEAD THERE WAS A SHORT PASSAGE, AND THEN A THIRTY FOOT D IAMETER JUNCTION ROOM, ST! LL FARTHER AHEAD WAS ANOTHER SHORT PASSAGE AND A W ODE FORTY FOOT ROOM W !TH LOTS OF MUD AND A SMALL POOL OF WATER WITH WATER DROPP iNG INTO IT FROM THE CE ,LING, THERE WERE NO FORMATIONS TO BE SEEN. THE CAVE CONTINUED FOR ANOTHER 100 FEET, LATER TWO CRAWLWAVS WERE CHECKED OUT AND A PARALLEL PASSAGE WAS FOLLOWED ALMOST BACK TO THE SIDE OF THE HiLL NEAR THE ENT RANCE AREA, THE PASS A GES WERE CONNECTED BY A SHORT CRAWLWAY AND AT THE JUNCTION ROOM, SEVERAL 1STAPH QLINI D A E1 WERE OBSERVED, IN ALL, Does's CAVE IS PROBABLY 900 FEET AND LDES GENERALLY ON THE SA"AE LEVEL, * * * * G. A.; HAWAII D IV. OF HYDROG. BULL. 13, P. 120. PECK, STEWART, 1962, "LAVA CAVES OF CRATERS OF THE MoON NATIONAL MONUMENT" (ARco, IDAHo), IN THE SPELEO DIGEST, 1962; PITTSBURGH GROTTO, NATL. SPELEOL. Soc., 1964 SEc. 1, PP. 27-35. PowERs, S DNEY, "A LAvA TusE AT K ILAUEA"g JOUR. GEOL, V. 30 P, 638. I. c., 1902, "GEOLOGY AND WATER OF THE SNAKE RIVER PLAINS OF U .S.G.S. BULL. 1999 PP. 94-5, 98-101. C R., 1935, icE CAvEs IN NORTHERN CALl FORNI A"; JOUR. GEOL. V. 43, PP. 440-442. SwARTZLow, C. R. AND KELLER9 W. D., 1937, "CoRALLOIDAL OPAL"; JouR. GEOL. V. 45, PP. TURNER, SAM UEL F.' 1961' "CAVES N IGNEOUS RocKs", IN THE SPELEO DIGEST, 1961: PiTTSBURGH GROTTO, NATL. SPELEOL. Soc., 1963, SEC. 2, PP. 40-43. c. K. AND MACDONALD, c. A q 19539 "STRUCTURE AND FoRMS OF BASALT I C RocKS IN HAWA! "; u.s.G. S BULL. 994, PP. 54, 57. WILLIAMs, IRA., 1923, "THE LAvA RovER TUNNEL"; NATURAL Ht STORY, v. 23, PP o 1 1 71 THE END * * * * SEE YOU 'UNDER THE HILL' SEPT EMBER 3, 4, & 5TH BE THERE * * * * * * * * * *

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THE TEXAS CAVER 9 A u GUST'_ 9 1966 :PROJECT: PAGE 101 UNDER THE HILL 0. K. ots -riME AGADN. THE SECOND T OME S. A. o s TEXAS ( i N CASE YOU HAVE NOT HEARD ( tF YOU HAVE BEEN O N GUATAMALA FOR THE LAST 6 TH C S T.So A o DECODED T O A T TACK ONE H O L L c N NEw MEx 1 coo u s NASTY OLD WON T HAVE O'f .... W A Y. THO S ONE MEASLY H O LL CONCE ALS MANY M OLES OF CAVE PASSAGE WE KNOW ABOUT 7 .49 M OLES OF 7HESE PASSAGES (POWEL L0S O S 7 5 M Oo)9 S O WE HAVE ONL Y A B OUT T HREE MOLES O N P APE R Jl. T THE H O L Lo i T 0 S A Fi\S C 1N.A.TO NG CAV E S V ST Jo.ND ONE WHC CH POSE S MAN Y QUESiBONS o T HERE M ORE CAVE? Y o u BE Tg o o o L OTS PERHAPS ALL CAVES C ONNEc o ; PERHAPS NONE O F THEM CONNEC To ONL Y ONE T H ONG WOLL THE NEEDED SEPTEMBER 3 9 4 j AND 5 A RE T H E OFFOC OAL DAY S FOR THE B U T Y O U WELCOME T O 11COME AND S T A'f LA'i". T H E HEADQU A R T ERS AREA O S A BOUT 45 M O N U T ES DRC V CNG TOME AND THE ROAD WILL BE F LAGGED A F TER 3 PM. FRP DAV ?HE 2ND o SEE THE S K E iCH M A P AT THE FOR M O RE OETAU L S ON E XAC'rl,V HOW TO GET THE ]lii:Eo F \f'OU F 'LAN TO BE E A R L Y1 CONTACT PET E L ONDSLE (4612 W A T A U G A RDug O R C A R L KUNATH (216 S o ANGE L O ) FOR MORE D ETACLS THE ROAD O S GOOD ( 111 ) AND ANY CAR SHOUL D B E A BLE T O MAKE C T WOTHOUT OCFF D C ULTY. T HERE O S NO fiN THE AREA9 SO BRCNG ALONG PLEN TY. A LS09 THERE O S A BS OLUTLV 0 SHADE (EXCEPT r N T H E C A V ES OF C O URSE)9 80 A OR YHE S U N O S A GOOD ODEA. THE W C L L BE ON TOP OF McK CTTR CCK HULL NEA R THE OLD O O L WELLg SO E ARL Y P L E A SE L EAVE ROOM A TENT O R TWOo M O R N CNG SESSOONo TH U S W I LL BEGU N AT 7g00 AM (8 TEXAS T!ME)9 AND TO S OMPL D FV MATTERS WE W OLLUSE NEW MEXICO TOME D U R DNG THE ARTES i A ROA D W I LL BE FLAGGED FROM THI S POO NTo ----... I ,9. 3 M l /I US62/ l/ 180 H ILLEL lso (DRv CAvE, SAND CAvE, McKi TT R ICK CAvE, ENDLESS CAVE & ALSO CAVERS 9 I NTERESTED B Y = STANDERS, ID iOTS, & YOU ) ** 7 4 S THE APPRO X IMAT E NUMBER OF M iLES FR O M THE W ESTERN C A RLSB A D C ITY L I MITS. HbPE F ULLV 9 WE C A N A MASS ENOUGH i NFORMA T ION DURONG THE PR O dECT T O A F D RS T= CL ASS ARTO C L E FOR THE N S .S. 8ULLETUN o WE PLAN COMPLE T E S T U O O ES OF THE CAVES B DOLO G OCAL 9 GEOLOGO CAL AND TOPO OGICAL S 7AND= POO N T S o A T VHE A S O NGLE M AP WOLL BE WHICH WOLL SHOW THE PASSAGES WHOCH WOLL SHOW THE PASSAGES O F ALL 4 CAVES O N RELA TION TO EACH O THER AND TO THE SURFACE SURE iT'S A LONG B U THI NGS OFTEN S OME ADDED THE EXTR A D l STANCE W U LL MOST L I KEL Y AMOUNT TO ONLY To O NSURE THAT ARE A BRC EF M AFPC N G "SCHOOL" W 8LL BE O N THE 'HOUR TWO OF LET1S HAVE A "UNDER THE HILL". DRIV 6NG T IME9 SO GOOD TURNOUT FOR SEE YOU THEI'ItE.

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PAGE 102 THE TEXAS CAVER9 AuGUST, 1966 ABILENE GROTTO, N.S.S.: HOME OF THE WILSON'S. A MEETING WAS HELD AT THE HOME OF THE FIRST TuESDAY IN JuLY. AMENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITUTION WERE VOTED ON AT THAT T !MEo A WAS MADE BY BRYANT & BLANCHE LILLY, JIM EsTEs, CRISMAN AND DoN WINKLES TO CHECK ouT LEADS IN CouNTY. No FAI)),TAST!C FINDS, IJoBB1S CAVE WAS LOCATED. CAVE OF ABOUT 500 FEET WAS FOR THE FIRST TIME--NO FORMATI ONS TO SPEAK OF. J g M EsTES AND ToM MEADOR VISITED THE PAINTED CAVES THE WEEKEND OF JULY 23, AND DID A LITTLE WALKING LOOKING IN HOLES. ON JULY 29-30 BART CRISMAN AND J i M ESTES VISITED Y CAVE WITH TOM MEADOR OF CLIMBING I N THE S.,.r fK MUD AND UP AND DOWN CREV ICES "1't>R ABOUT 6 HOURS. LOTS OF FUN, MAN! FERN DAVIs, L. MEMBER AND WINTERTIME ABILENE WRiTES OF A FUN FILLED FEW DAYS AT THE NSS CONVENTION IN CALIF. SEEMS CAViNG OUT IN THAT PART OF THE COUNTR Y IS MOSTLY MOUNTAIN CLIMBING, A LOT OF AND NOT MUCH REAL TO GOODNESS CRAWLING. SEVERAL TRIPS ARE LINED UP FOR THE FUTURE WEEKS, ALONG WITH SOME MAP PLOTT ING AND GROTTO ADDRESS! 2818 S. 39TH ST. ABILENE, TEXAS 79605 ALAMO GROTTO N.S. S : JUNE AND JULY HAS BROUGHT PLENTY OF HOT WEATHER Al\qOF COURSE THE ANNUAL VACATIONS. No MEET ING WAS HELD FOR THE MONTH OF JULY BY THE ALAMO GROTTO BUT FOR THE M ONTH OF JUNE WE HAD SEVERAL NOTEWORTHY ITEMS. WE ELECTED NEW MEMBERS CARTHEY PENNINGTON AND THREE BROTHERS FROM THE OBLATE SEMINARY HERE IN SAN ANTONIO. THEY ARE BROTHER BROWN, BROTHER VOLK, AND BROTHER RAUSCH. THE MONTHLY MEETING WAS HELD AT THE MUCH TO THE OF THE WERE SUBMITTED BY CHAIRMAN HOUSMAN AND JACK STEELE. WE WANT TO THANK BOTH MEN FOR THEIR TIME AND CONSIDERATION IN SERVING THE THE DUTIES PREFORMED BY OR. HAUSMAN AND JACK GREATLY APPRECIATED BY ALL. OuR NEW IS THAD M HoWARD, D.V.M., VICE PETE MIKE REAI'tDON, AND SAFETY AND CHAIRMAN V I NCE ORUD !NG. KAREN AND RoN Now STA T IONED iN GERMANY HAVE A NEW BABY soY, LEE THE PROGRAM FOR THE MEETING WAS GIVEN BY LEILSON W I LSON ON AND SNAKES OF TEXAS WITH A LIVING EXHIBIT, MIKE BoA, AND DR. RHOADES ON FIRST AID TREATMENT OF SNAKE BITES. BOTH WERE INFORMATIVE AND GROTTO ADDRESS: 107 ToMAHAWK TRAIL SAN ANTONIO, TEXAS BALCONES GROTTO NEWS! THE JULY MEETING IN THE OF THE SUMMER LULL WAS ATTENDED BY 11 OF THE HARD SLIDES SHOWN OF THE RECENT BY OF THE UT AND BALCONES GROTTOS TO THE HUAUTAL AREA ABOUT 150 MILES SOUTHEAST OF MEXICO CITYo THIS WAS A RECONNAISSANCE OF THE H IGH MOUNTAI N AREA THE TOWN OF HUAUTLA AND HAS OF DEEP CAVES AS IT HAS OVER A MILE OF VERTICAL THE FLORENCE OF THE BALCONES GROTTO SLIDES OF THEIR TRIP TO NOTHERN BEXAR COUNTY cAvEs AFTER THE BOG MEETING. To CLOSE THE MEETING SL I DES OF THEIR TRIP T O THE ANNUAL AUSTIN CAVER "THE RITE OF SPRING" SHOWN. SEVERAL CAVERS PLANNED TO VISIT THE BUSTAMANTE AREA JULY, AND A RETURN TRIP TO BENDERS CAVE WAS PROGRAMMED. As SOON AS THE TEXAS HERPETOLOGICAL SOCITY APPROVES THE MONEY WILL ON THE GATE ON CAvE AT SAN MEMBERS HOPE TO COMBINE BUSINESS WITH

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THE TEXAS CAVER9 AUGUST g 1966 PAGE 103 AND CHECK O U T LEADS I N T H E EA. I F THE HEAT HOLDS PRE H APS THE FABLED BENEATH THE STEEL I N IN W ILLiAMSON CouNTY CAN BE CHECKED THi S HAS sEEN ABOUT FEET OF S I NCE I T WAS LOC A TED LAST F.!IL L o UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS GROTTOg W ITH MOST OF THE ACTIVITIES S T OPPED BY ONLY A FEW HAVE SEE N MADE ON THE WEEKEND o F JuLY 10TH, B U LL WESTMORELAND, AND J AMES REDDE LL V!S O TED CAV ES I N THE SPR!NG BRANCH BES I DES K APPEL M A N CAVE AND B A D P I T (oN rHE RANCH ) SMA LL NEW C A VES LOCA TED I N T H I S THE OF THE W A S TO COLLEC T OF A NEW SPEC I ES KNOWN ONLY FROM THESE TWO CAVES. SPECI MENS 08VAI NED I N BOTH CAVES AND WHEN CAV E ( A LSO KNOWN AS CAVE) W AS V I S ITED, WE GOT A S P E C I A L BONUS WHEN A SECOND NEW SPECI ES WAS FOUND I N ABUNDANCE TH; S C AVE 0 S T HE SOURCE O F A SMA L L STREAM TO AND i S A N D EXT ENS IVE S VST EM S l TO HoNE Y CREE K CAVE, BUT SOMEWHAT P A S S AGE S i ZE ABOUT 10 FEET W l DE, BY F EE T H IGH (ABOVE THE W ITH ONE=TO-FI V E FEET O F W ATER AsOU T 2,000 F EET W A S EXPL ORED W I T H NO SftGN O F AN END I N A N Y D i RECTION. ON THE WEEKEND O F JULY 23R D DAVI D McKENZ I E AND JAMES REDDELL MAD E A TRI P TO THE NORTH O F V ANDE RPOOL AND NEAR LEAKEY. T H E F IRST C AVE ON THE AGENDA W A S ON T H E H o s v RANCH NORTH OF VANDERPOO L T H I S PROVED TO BE A S ONK A T THE END OF A SHALLOW MUCH W A TER E M PTIES INTO THE CAVE RAINS. A SERi ES OF LEADS ABOUT 500 FEET OF P ASSAGE TO A DEP T H C.F 8 0 90 FEET TO A LOW W A TER CRAWL WMICH CONT INUED INDEF I N O TEL V A S A PASSAGE F EET H IGH AND 102 0 FEET W I DE. THIS PRO M I S l NG C AVE I S TO BE BY THE NEW FM ROAD. SMALL C A VES ON THIS AND NORTH OF LEAKE Y ALSO V ISITED. I N NEws BuD 1 s Now SETTLED A T THE NATIONAL l.).llvERSITY. BILL 'RussELL IS THI S AS A GUIDE AT SPACE PENNS YLVANIA, CALIF. AND AWAY PLACES HAV E BEEN I N AUST O N OFF AND ON I N TO AND MEX ICO. REPOR TED B Y & JAMES REDDELL & JOHN F ISH UTG NEWS8 L A ST M I NUTE NEWS I JAMES REDDELL AND JoHN F ISH GOING TO MEXICO ABOUT TWO WEEKS I N AUGUST. THEY PLAN TO ON THE STATE OF souTHWEST o F MExnco C eTY. THIS ST A TE HAS SOME OF THE CAVES I N MEXICO BUT THEY ESSENT IALLY BY THEY PLAN TO DO A LOT OF COLLECT ION AND AS MUCH MAPPING AS TIME TS. DALLAS-FT. WORTH GROTT09 N. S. S. VACATIONS HAV E SENT O U R CAVERS OUT BOTH ABOVE AND BELOW GROUND. AREAS THA T HAVE BEE N COVERED DURING THE SUMMER AND t O BE COVERED DURING A UGUST I NCLUDE ALL THE NATO STA T ES (NEW MEXDCOs ARKANSAS9 AND OKLAHOMA) A S WELL AS COLORADO AND THE DAKOTA B A D L A NDS (CAVEL A NDS7 ) u RONNI E F I ESLER REPOR T S A TRI P T O THE COTTONWO O D CAVE AREA O N HOMAo N ORMA N AND J A C KLYN ROBINSON MADE THE TRIP To THE NSS CoNvENTI O N I N CALB FORNI A9 BUT RE A D I L Y ADMI T THA T THE Y SAW A LOT M O RE N I CE COUNT R Y THAN NSS CoNVENT iON T YPESo THE Y REPORT THA T GEORGE RARI L Y TRANS FERRED T O JPL I N C A L I FOR N I A IS QUITE AT HOME I N "sEARDSVILLE." ADDI T IONA L REP ORTS W I LL BE G IVEN NEXT MON TH. BLAI R GOODBA R i S L A I D UP IN THE HOSP I T A L WITH A SER IOUS I L LNESS. PLANS FOR THE UPCOMING PROJECT UNDER THE H L L ARE PROGRESS ING SMOOTHLY AND I T APPEA RS THAT THE HIL L C A V ES W D LL OFFER MORE PASSAGE FOR EVER YONEi S ENJ O YMENT THAN I N ANY OTHER PROSPECT IVE REGION PROJECT AREA. GROTTO 6 6 21 SUNNYLAND LANE TEXAS 75214

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THE TEXAS CAVER 4612 WATAUGA RoAD DALLAS, TEXAS 75209 OFFICIAL PUBLICATION OF THE TEXAS SPELEOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION NATIONAL SPELEOLOGICAL SociETY PosTAGE PRINTED MATTER TO: ***************************************** T E X A S C A V E R W I N S SPELEO D I G E S T A W A R D JAMES ESTES, TEXAS CAVER EDITOR FOR 1964, IS TO BE CONGRATULATED FOR HIS FINE WORK ON THIS PUBLICATION DURING 1964, DURING THIS TIME, JIM PUBLISHED 182 PAGEs THAT MADE uP VoLUME 9 oF THE CAVER. AT THE EDITOR's DINNER AT THE 1966 NSS CoNVENTION IN CALIFORNIA THE STAFF OF THE SPELEO DIGEST PRESENTED THE AWARD TO THE TEXAS CAVER AS THE OUTSTANDING GROTTO NEWSLETTER FOR 1964! THE AWARD CERTIFICATE WILL GO TO JIM, HOWEVER THE $10.00 CHECK WILL BE CONFISCATED BY THE CAVER STAFF (WITH JtM1S PERMISSION, OF COURSE). ****************************************' WANT TO SEE A GOOD CAVE ARTICLE? THEN YOU BETTER PICK UP THE SEPTEMBER tssuE oF ARIZONA HIGHWAYS (VoL.XLI I No.9) THE 12 PAGE ARTICLE BY IDA SMITH IS WELL AND MENTIONS THE SoUTHWESTERN SPELEOLOGICAL AssoCIATION, THE U.A.A.C. GROTTO, AND THE CENTRAL ARIZONA GROTTO, THE COLOR PICTURES ARE QUITE NICE EVEN THOUGH THE TRUE COLOR WAS "JAZZED UP" A BIT BY THE MAGAZINE, COLOR TRANSPARENCIES OF THE COLOR WORK MAY BE ORDERED FROM ARIZONA HIGHWAYS AT 40 EACH. * * * GRAY IS t GUEST SPEAKER .. J 'Gf;RGE GRAY, ABILENE GROTTO, WAS A GUEST SPEAKER AT THE J6TH ANNUAL. CoNVENT I oN oF THE WEST TEXAS PRESS AsSOCIATION WHICH WAS HELD AT SAN ANGELO THE Fl RST WEEKEND 1 N AuGUST. THE SUBJECT oF GRAY's TALK, OF COURSE, WAS CAVES. IN PARTICULAR GEORGE SHOWED SL IDES oF THE CAVERNS oF SoNORA. THE CONVENTION WAS FOLLOWED ON THE 7TH OF AUGUST BY A TRIP TO THE CAVERNS AND A BARBEQUE HOSTED BY SoNoRA CAVERNS. * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * PROJECT UNDER THE HILLJo 1 NT SouTHWESTERN REG 1 oN/TExAs SPEL EO LOG 1 CAL AssN. CAVE STUDY PROJECT, SEPTEMBER J,4,&5TH. MCKITTRICK HILL,NEW MEXICO, BE THERE AND SEE YOURSELF IN THE NEWS t * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * **'


Description
Contents: Lava caves
part 2 / Nan Lindsley --
Abilene Grotto checks the hills / Jim Estes --
Project under the hill / Carl Kunath --
Grotto news.


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