Citation
The Texas Caver

Material Information

Title:
The Texas Caver
Series Title:
The Texas Caver
Creator:
Texas Speleological Association
Publisher:
Texas Speleological Association
Publication Date:
Language:
English

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Regional Speleology ( local )
Technical Speleology ( local )
Genre:
Newsletter
serial ( sobekcm )
Location:
United States

Notes

General Note:
Contents: Painted Caves / Tom Meador -- Glue for cavers / Pete Lindsley -- Review / Katherine Goodbar -- Photo tips / Pete Lindsley Carl Kunath -- Better than gold / Bill Russell -- Blair Goodbar -- Grotto news.
Restriction:
Open Access - Permission by Publisher
Original Version:
Vol. 11, no. 9 (1966)
General Note:
See Extended description for more information.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
K26-04504 ( USFLDC DOI )
k26.4504 ( USFLDC Handle )
10663 ( karstportal - original NodeID )
0040-4233 ( ISSN )

USFLDC Membership

Aggregations:
Karst Information Portal

Postcard Information

Format:
Serial

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Full Text

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XI :no. 9

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VOLUME XI NUMBER 9 SEPTEMBER, 1966 COVER: Two PREss f50's ALMOST (BUT NOT QUITE) LIGHT UP A SECTION OF THE "ENTRANCE" PASSAGE OF FT. STANTON CAvE, NEw MExico. BARE WALLS AND DARK CLAY FLOORS MARK THIS SECTION OF THE CAVE WHERE MOST TOURISTTYPES EXPLORE, THE ENTRANCE SECTION IS QUITE COLO, USUALLY BETWEEN 35 AND 45 F DEPENDING UPON THE WEATHER OUTSIDE, BUT OTHER SECTIONS OF THE CAVE MAY B E 10 TO 1 5 F WARMER. (YOUR EDITOR PROVIDES THE LIGHT CARL KuNATH's NIKKOREX F FOR CONTENTS a PAGE 107 PAINTED CAVES BY ToM MEADOR 110 GLUE FOR CAVERS BY PETE LINDSLEY 11Q REVIEW BY KATHERINE GOODBAR 111 PHOTO TIPS BY PETE LINDSLEY & CARL KUNATH 114 BETTER THAN GoLo BY BILL RussELL 115 BLAIR GooDBAR 115 GROTTO NEWS THE TEXAS CAVER IS A MONTHLY PUBLICATION OF THE TEXAS SPELEOLOGICAL AssOCIATION AND IS PUBLISHED IN DALLAS, TEXAS. MATERIAL FOR PUBLICATION SHOULD BE TYPED DOUBLE-SPACED AND SENT TO THE EDITOR NO LATER THAN THE 1sT OF THE MONTH OF ISSUE. THIS PUBLICATION IS EXCHANGED WITH SIMILAR PUBLICATIONS OR SUBSCRIPTION IS $3.00 PER YEAR FOR 12 ISSUES() 1966 BY THE TEXAS CAVER. EDITOR PETE LINDSLEY Ass1 STANT Eo1 ToR CHUCK LARSEN GROTTO NEWS [OI TOR ....... BERT OLSEN PHoTo T 1 P s Eo 1 ToR CARL KuNATH TYPIST JACKLYN RoBINSON CuRRENT EvENTS EoiTOR JIM EsrES AssEMBLY JACK AND GLORIA BuRcH LITHOGRAPHER BRYANT LILLY N0TE3 ALL MONEY AND QUESTIONS FOR SUBSCRIPTIONS OR RENEWALS SHOULD BE SENT TO THE ASSISTANT EoiTORI CHUCK LARSEN, 12719 HIGHMEAoow, DALLAS, TExAs, 752)4. ALL GROTTO AND CLUB NEWS SHOULD BE SENT TO THE GROTTO NEWS EDITORS BERT 0LSEN8 222 MIZELL, DuNCANVILLE, TExAs 75116 OFFICERS OF THE TEXAS SPELEOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION FOR THE CURRENT YEAR ARE& CHA I RMAN. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 CARL KUNATH VICE CHAIRMAN BILL RussELL SECRETARY -TREASURER LLENE BUNORANT 107 TOMAHAWK TRAIL SAN ANTONIO, TEXAS 78232 MISSING A ZIP CODE ON YOUR MAIL LABEL? BETTER SEND IT TO us FOR 1967 CAVERSI

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THE TEXAS SEPTEMBER 9 1966 PAGE 107 Painted Caves B v 8 ToM MEADOR THE "PAONTED CAVES" AS D ISCUSSED I N THI S PAPER ARE IN REALOTV SEVEN ENTRANCES LEAD ONG ONTO A S U NGLE CAVE. T H I S CAVE WAS OR! G ONALLV INHA SOTED S V GOLD FIELDS OF CALOFORN I A OVER H I S NEW ROUTE. THI S ROAD WAS TO BECOME KNOWN AS THE LOWER ROUTE. INDI ANS DURING PREH I S TORIC TIMES. B Y THE E N D O F THE YEAR THE NAME THE OF TH I S S ITE START S W O TH THE FOLLOW ONG ENT R Y FROM T H E "JOURNAL OF A RECONNA O SSANCE FROM S A N ANTON e o DE B ExAR T o E L DE NOR TE"9 WIRO T TEN S V W I LLOAM H. C. WHD T I N G9 U o S ARMY E N G I N EER C ORPS. M;t.V 169 1 849. THE COUNTR Y NIOW BECAME MORE R UGGE09 ONO!CATING OUR APPROACH TO THE ROVER ONCE MORE, AND WE SHORTL Y ENTERED AN EXT ENSOVE CANYON REMARKABLE FOR i T S L A RGE POOL S OF WATER. T o OUR GREAT SAT I S FA C TION THE ( COMANCHE)* TRA I L LOST A BOVE W AS D I SCOVERED HERE9 ANO WE WERE DELIGHTED W OTH THE CHANCE TH U S G O V E N OF FIND ING A CROSS iNG WITHOUT D IFFICULTV 9 A S I NGULAR P I ECE OF' GOOD FORTUNE. PERPENDICULAR WALLS OF L I MESTONE HERE COMVlENCE T O TAKE THE PLACE OF THE STEEP HDLLSIDES OF THE RAVINE. THESE CLiFFS A RE NOT ABLE FOR THE NUMEROUS CAVES WHBCH A RE HOLLOWED I N THE F ACE OF THEM. UPO N SEED NG THEM9 OLD THE MULET EER9 RECOGN I ZED THE CANYON AS A FAMOUS COMANCHE PASS, TO WHICH HE S A D HE HAD SEEN LON G O N PURSUOT OF SOME INDI ANS OUT O F SAN FERNANDO. HE ADDED T HAT IF W E WOULD EXA M BNE THE LAR GER CAV ES O N OUR R IGHT HAND9 WE WOULD F OND :HEI R W ALL S COVERED WiTH COMANCHE PAI NTINGS. T W AS AS HE SA OO. N A VAULTED CHAMBER UPON T HE ROCK9 T HE INDi A NS HAD DRAWN ON COL ORS9 RUOE P I C TURES OF' ADVENTUR ES I N MEXICO. HERE WE HAUL TED TO D INE9 AND I G AVE TO T H I S P AS S THE NAME 9PA I N TED9 BELOW THE CAV ES AND SET AGAUNS T THE FACE OF T HE CLIFF APPEA R SEVERAL REGULAR AND NOTA BLE PiLAS T ERS WHBCH WOULD ALW.:i.VS I DENT I F V TH I S PLACE. W HEN WHITONG ARROVED I N SA N ANTON 0 09 49ERS IMMEDiAT ELY SET OUV FOR THE *DENOT ES AUTHOR9 S I NSERTION. "PAINTED CAVES11 HAD COME INTO GENERA L USE. A FLAT AREA I N F RONT OF THE CAVE AND A NEARBY POOL OF WATER MADE TH i S S ITE A FAVOR ITE C AMPING GROUND FOR T HE WAGON T R Ai NS O F WEST W ARD= M OVING EMIGRA NTS FOR Y EARS TO COME9 RESULTING I N THE VANDALIZATION O F T HE NOlAN P i CTOGR APHS AT AN EARL Y DATE. CAP TAI N 5. C. ENT R Y I N H I S D IARV9 AS HE C A MPED T HERE I N DECEM8ER 9 I S AS FOLLOWS& 11FROM SOME RUDE iNDIAN PA INTINGS ON T HE ROCKS I T HAS SEEN CALLED THE e pA i NTED CAVES8 11 JAMES BELL9 D U RONG A TRAOL DRIV E TO CALIFORNI A 6 N 1 8549 MADE THE FOLLOW= !NG ENTRY I N H I S D OARV FOR JUNE 15, 1854. "THERE IS A CAVE9 H IGH9 WITH 2 OR 3 PA I NTINGS9 L UKE ON A BUFFALO ROB E. I N THE I NS IDE PROBABL Y WAS A PLACE OF REVELRY B v T HE LATE 1 8509 S THE LOWER ROA D HAD BECOME A WELL ESTABLBSHED ROUTE To E L P Aso. JAMES E B uRCH S TA R TED A MAOL L O NE O VER THE ROAD O N JULV 9 185 7 9 AND I T BECAME KNOWN A S T HE 5 AN=ANTO N D0= 5AN D DEGO MAU L ROUTE. AMoNG H I S DRI V ERS w A s B e G FooT W ALLAcE, WHO LATER TOLD OF THE N ARROW ESC APE OF T HE FOUR HORSE CONCORD STAGE FROM INDIANS I N THE ViCO N I T V OF P A D NTED C A VES. A PASS A FEW MOLES T O T HE NORTH I S KNOWN T O THOS D A Y AS DEADMANS PASS FR O M THE MANY I NDIAN OEPREDA TOONS THERE. lARGE W A G O N TRAO NS HAD TO BE FORMED FOR PR OT ECT OON WHOLE T HE ST A GE COACHES REL O ED ON SPEED. PERHAPS ONE OF T HE STRANGEST TRAONS TO PASS OVER T HE LOWER ROAD W AS BE ALQS PART Y OF TOPO GRAPH iCAL ENGINEERS O N THEI R WAY TO CALIFORNIA. THE W A GON TRAIN COt>l!iO !iT OF' MULE = DRAWN PACK C A MELS.

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PAGE" 1 08 THE TEXAS CAVER, SEPTEMBE"R, 1966 ONE OF THE DIARIES WRITTEN ON THIS TRIP MENTIONS PASSING UP PAINTED CAVE CANYON DURING A HEAVY SHOWE"R, AT THE BEGINNING OF THE CIVIL WAR IN 186 1 THE SAN ANTONIO-SAN OtEGO MAIL WENT OUT OF BUSINESS, THE" ROAD AND CAVE WERE USED MAINLY O Y CONFEDERATE PART I SAN RANGER PATROLS AND BY SIBLEY1S BRIGADE DURING THEIR INVASION OF ARIZONA AND NEW MEXICO IN 0ECEMBER1 1862, AND THEIR RETREAT IN MAY1 186J, IN 1865 A CoNFEDERATE MILITARY MAP WAS DRAWN OF THE LOWER ROUTE; IT IS ENTITLED 11BEST ROUTE FOR THE MOVEMENTS OF TROOPS FROM SAN ANTONIO TO EL PAso, TExAs." PAINTED CAvEs IS SHOWN AS A PROMINENT CAMPING PLACE, AUGUST SANTLEBEN1 A FREIGHTER, ON HIS FIRST OF MANY TRIPS FROM INDIANOLA TO CHIHUAHA1 MEXICO, WROTE THE FOLLOW! NG; 110ECEMBER1 1869: AFTER CROSSING THE (DEVIL1s)* RIVER AND GOING FOUR MILES WEST WE PASSED PAINTED CAVE1 THAT WAS ONCE A FAVORITE RESORT OF THE INDIANS.,,,, ITS NAME WAS CONFERRED ON ACCOUNT OF THE NUMEROUS INDIAN PAINTINGS ON THE WALLS, SUCH AS CHASING BUFFALO, SCALPING WHITE MEN1 STEALING WHITE CHILDREN, WARDANCES AND MANY OTHER THINGS THAT WERE QUITE LEGIB LE UNTIL RECENT YEARS, TwENTY MILES BEYON01 IN A NORTHWEST DIRECTION, IS THE NARROW CANYON CALLEO DEAOMAN1S PASS1 WHERE MANY UNFORTUNATE TRAVELERS HAVE LOST THEIR LIVES NEAR THE SOUTH ENTRANCE," IN 1880 BURR G. DuvAL WROTE THE FOLLOWING ENTRIES, CONCERNING PAINTED CAVE1 IN HIS DIARY 11FRIOAY1 JANUARY 9, PULLED OUT OF 0EVIL0S RIVER AT 7 A M, DOUBLED TEAMS UP THE HILL, MOVED ONLY ABOUT 8 MILES AND CAMPED NEAR A WATER ON THE HEADWATERS OF1PAINTEO CAVE SPRING CREEK', PAINTED CAVE1 TWO M ILES OUT OF 0EVIL1S RIVER, I S A NOTED CA'V1P AND CAVE GROTTO, RATHER, WHICH WAS FORMERL Y EMBELLISHED WITH HUMOROUS INDIAN PICTURE WRITINGS9 NO L ONGER TO BE SEEN, BUT IN THE I R PLACE APPEAR THE MYSTER IOUS CHARACTElRS 1S,T, 18609 9 1 X PLANTATION BITTERS', TUTT'S PILLS', ETC,, SHOWING THAT THE" STAR OF THE EMPIRE STILL MAKES ITS WAY WESTWARD AND THAT THE,,,AOVERTISING AGENT IS EVEN ABOARD ON 80EVIL1S RIVER1 ,11 RETURNING BY ANOTHER PICTOGRAPH SITE IN VAL VERDE COUNTY HE MADE THE FOLLOWING NOTEI 11SUNOAY MARCH 28,,, IT STRUCK ME AS RATHER SINGULAR AND SUGGESTIVE T H A T I N ALL THESE 1PICTURE WRITINGS' AND OTHERS THAT I HAVE SEEN, THERE NO WHERE APPEARS ANYTHING OB-SCENE. GIVE THE CULTURED SAXON A PIECE OF REO CHALK AND TELL HIM TO DRAW SOMETHING AND THE CHANCES ARE TEN TO ONE IT WILL BE A NASTY FIGURE OR AN OBSCENE IDEA EXPRESSED SOMEHOW, So MUCH FOR OUR BOASTED CIVILIZATION!!" ON WEDNESDAY, MARCH J1 1 HE WROTE: 11i'v1oVED ON SOME Sl X Ml LES TO PAl NTEO CAVE CANYON EMBELLISHED WITH INDIAN PICTURE WRITINGS, WHICH,,,(HAVE)* BEEN PRETTY WELL DEFACED BY OUR TROOPS CAMPING IN THE VICINITY." A. T. JACKSON, FIELD ARCHEOLOGIST FOR THE UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS, MENTIONS THE CAVE IN HIS CLASSIC WORK PICTURE WRITING OF TEXAS INDIANS AS PICTOGRAPH SITE 96. THIS WORK WAS PRINTED IN 1936 AND DESCRIBES THE FEW REMAINING PICTOGRAPHS AS FOLLOWS: 11A LARGE BURNT-ROCK MIDDEN AT THE ENTRANCE TO ONE OF THE SHELTERS WAS LEVELED DOWN AND THE SHELTER OCCUPIED IN RECENT YEARS BY SOMEONE,,,PERHAPS A MEXICAN GOAT HERDER, ONLY TWO LEGIBLE PAINTINGS OF UNDOUBTED INDIAN ORIGIN NOW REMAIN ON THE W A LL OF THIS SHELTER. THEY APPEAR TO BE PREHISTORIC." 11THE SECOND SHEL TER1 NEAR THE BANK OF THE CREEK1 HAS NOT BEEN SO BADLY DAMAGED, WITH THE RESULT THAT ANUM BER OF PAINTINGS CAN BE DESTINGUI SHED. SoME OF THEM SHOW UNDOUBTED EUROPEAN CONTACT AND Ml SSION INFLUENCE. THE COLORS ARE BLA C K AND RED, 11 FIRST VISITED THE S ITE ON FEBRUARY 20, 1965, ARMED WITH WHITING8 S REPORT AND THE 1865 CONFEDERATE IT WAS EASY TO LOCATE THE PILLARS DESCRIBED BY WHITING LATER CAUSED THE CANYON1S CHANGED TO CASTLE CANYON, CONT o. ON PAGE BACK NAME TO BE DuRING OF T. c.

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A-THE TEXAS CAVER, SEPTEMBER, 1966 PAGE 109 P A I N T E D C A V E S VAL VERDE CouNTv, TExAs DRAFTED Bv ToM MEADOR 1965 t t t l I I t I I .. o-8 -D "X AREA OF P ICTOGRAPHS \ \ \ \ I I I 0 20 I I I ln = 20 F"T. I BURNT \ ROCK + \ Ml DDEN -1--1 I I /

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PAGE 110 THE TEXAS CAVER, SEPTEMBER, 196 6 GLUE FOR BY& PETE LINDSLEY CAVERS NEED GOOD GLUE BECAUSE CAVES MAKE THINGS COME APART. COULD NAME A BUNCH OF DIFFERENT TYPES OF GLUE BUT WOULD DO YOU NO GOOD UNLESS YOU COULD GET THE GLUE. So I WILL L IMIT THE SELECTION TO THE SEARS CATALOG WHICH MOST CAVERS CAN GET. FIRST oF ALL THERE 1s GE's "CLEAR SEAL", A T RANSLUCENT SILI CONE RUBBER ADH ES I V E (SEARS #9H808J 2 $1.48). THIS STUF F I S REAL GOOD FOR P A TCH ING THOSE CACTUS AND ROCK HOLES IN YOUR AIR MATTRESS. T I S NOT RUNNY AND WHEN IT DRY S IS VERY TOUGH BUT FLEXI BLE. ALSO GOOD FOR GLUING S T ROBE CORDS, ETC., WHERE THE WIRES PASS THROUGH YOUR STRO B E CASE. THIS STUFF IS QUITE UNUSUAL SO GET SOME IF YOU HAVE NEVER SEEN IT. NEXT, YOU NEED A GOOD EPOXY CEMENT (SEARS #9H8059 THIS IS A TWO=TUBE ADHESIVE AND YOU HAVE PROBABLY USED SIMILAR STUFF BEFORE. THIS PARTICULAR EPOXY IS CLEAR AND IS VERY STRONG AND HARD WHEN IT SETS UP. You S IMPLY MIX AND EQUAL AMOUNT FRO M EACH TUB E AND ALLOW SEVERAL HOURS TO SET UP. EPO X Y I S USEFUL TO G LUE IN JACKS, ETC .9 IN STROBE MODIFICATIONS WHERE YOU NEED A STIFF, SOLID JOINT. IF YOU NEED LOTS OF EPOXY FOR A BIG HOLE OR AREA THEN TRY THE FILLER EPOXY CEMENT (SEARS 180605 $1.79). THIS STUFF IS OPAQUE WHITE. BEDROLL OR OTHER DOWN EQUIPMENT COMING APART? "STITCHLESS MENDER" FABRIC ADHESIVE I S GOOD FOR THESE POROUS MATERIALS (SEARS #9H8070@ 52). THIS STUFF DRIES MUCH FASTER THAN T H E CLEAR SEAL BUT I S NOT AS STRONG OR TOUGH. ON THIN. IT I S VERY RUNNY AND GOES PLIOBOND IS ANOTHER GOOD CLUE (SEARS# 9H8072 8 52). SOME OF YOU HAVE USED THIS B EFORE AND FOUND I T GOOD FOR FABRIC, LEATHER9 ETC. I T CoNT10 PAGE 113 REVIEW Bvg KATHER I NE GoODBAR VISITING AMERICAN CAVES BY HbwARD N. SLOANE AND RussELL H. GuRNEE CROWN PUBLI SHERSg INC. $4.95 A C OMMERCIAL C A VE HAS TO BE A VERY SPECIA L C AVE. IN ORDER TO REMAIN OPEN AND MEET THE COMPETITION IT MUST BE AT THE HEIGHT OF ITS SPARKLING BEAUTY OR BE A NOTEWORTHY HISTORICAL SITE OR HAVE GREAT S CIENTIFIC INTEREST. COMMERCIAL C AVES GENERALLY HAVE SMOOTH TRAILS, ARE WELL LIGHTED, AND HAVE WELL INF ORMED CURTEO U S GUIDES. WHILE SOME SPELUNKERS RESEN T THE FACT THAT THE UNDE V ELOPED SECTIONS OF THE CAVE ARE OFTEN NO LONGER OPEN TO THEM, THEY ARE STILL MORE THAN WILLING TO BREAK THE DAY8S TRAVEL SCHEDULE TO SEE I T. BEFORE YOU LEAVE ON YOUR NEXT TRI P TUCK A COPY OF THIS BOOK INTO THE GLOVE COMPARTMENT. IT LISTS ALMOST EVERY CAVE IN THE UNITED STATES NOW OPEN TO THE PUBLIC AND GIVES SUCH PRACTICAL INFORMATION AS HOURS AND SEASONS OPEN, RATES, DIRECTIONS FOR GETTING THERE, AND FACILITIES ON THE PREMISES SUCH AS SNACK BAR, RE S TAURANT AND CAMP GROUND. THERE I S AN ILLUSTRATION FOR ALMOST EVERY C AVE ALONG WITH A BRIEF HISTORY, LEGENDS OR DESCRIPTIONS. HowARD SLOANE AND Russ GuRNEE, AS YOU PROBABLY KNOW, ARE BOTH EMINENT SPELEOLOGI STS, AUTHORS OF CAVING BOOKS AND ARTICLES, AND ARE ACTIVE IN THE ADMINISTRATION OF THE NSS. To Aoo TO THE ENJOYMENT oF THE UNINITIATED T HEY HAVE INCLUDED AN EASY-TO UNDERSTAND CHAPTER ON DIFFEREN T KINDS OF C AVES AND THEIR ORI G I NS9 AND A CHAPTER ON TYPES OF FORMATIONS FOUND I N CAVES. THE END COM! NG NEXT tvONTH ., PROJECT UNDER THE H I LL REPORT WORDS+ P I C TURES+ M ORE WORDS

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Photo T HE T EXAS CAVER 9 SEPTEMBER 9 1966 PAGE 111 Tips Aa MENTI ONED I N A PREV I OUS PHOTO-Tl PS ART I CL E ("THE STROBE" 9 T EXAS CAVER: MARCH, 1965, VoL X No. 39 PP. 57-58)9 ONE OF THE CAVER0S B l G PROBLEMS I S T HE NUMBER OF" F LASHES T H A T HE C A N GET O N ONE SET OF B A T TERIES. ON THOSE T R IPS WHERE YOU S H OOT A BATCH OF F L ASH PICT URES YOU NEED MORE BAT TERY POWER THAN IS AVAILABLE FROM YOUR S T ROBE1S I NS IDE BATTER OES. I F Y O U R STROBE HAS B A T = TERIES I T PR O B A B LY HAS N O PR O Vi S IO N F O R ADDI T O ONAL POWER OT HER THAN AC O R N = C BATTERI ES WHO C H MAY COS T AN ADDDTOONAL $ 15.00. MANY N = C UNO T S H A V E BATTERY P A C K S THAT C A N NOT BE REMOVED MoST O F THE STROBES THAT USE DRY CELLS USE T HE SMALL PEN CELLS THAT DON T LAS T VER Y LONG AND CAN BE EXPENSIVE I F YOU USE A DOZEN ON ONE EXT ENDED T R Q P. MOST OF THE SMALL STROBES TODAY U S E A LOW VOLTAGE BATTERY (48 V OLTS) TO DRB VE A T RANS I STOR C IRCUI T TH A T BOOSTS T HE UP T O 400-500 V OLTS. THIS H iGH VOLTAGE I S STORED i N A CAPAC I TOR THE HEART OF YOU R STROBE. FLASH TUBE IS CONNECTED T O T H i S H BGH VOL TAGE C A PAC I TOR AND T H E ENERG Y THAT I S S T ORED I N THE C APAC I TOR I S USED T O GENERATE THE H IGH I N T E N S!TY9 S H OR T D U RATION B U R S T OF L IGHT. YOUR C AMERA SHUT TER CLOSES T HE C IRCUIT ON T HE FLASH TUB E C iRCUIT THAT TRANSFERS T H E ENERG Y FROM T HE CAP A C I TOR T O THE FLASH TUBE. TH B S H IGH VOLT AGE C A N G I V E YOU QUITE A SHOCK --ENOUGH T O C A U SE YOU T O THR O W THE STROBE T O T HE FLOOR W ITH GREA T F ORCE SO BEWARE! THE FLA S H TUBE DOES NOT SHOR T OUT T H E CAP ACI TOR WHEN YOU FLA SH T HE STROBE SO THERE U S ALWAY S A BIT OF H I G H V OLTAGE O NS ODE THAT STRO BE C ASE IF THE UNI T HAS BEEN TURNED O N RECENTL Y A WORD OF W ARNING NEVER SHOR T OUT THE C A P A CITOR I NS IDE W I TH A SCREWDRIVER. BESO DES LOOSONG THE SCREWDRI VER T O P I N A BALL OF FORE YOU MAY CAUSE SEVERE DAMAGE TO THE CAP A CITOR OR EVEN BLO W IT UP! BUI LD A SPELEO-STROBE ... N BY8 L I NDS L E Y AND KuNATH To BUI LD A SPELEOSTROBE 9 YOU W I LL NEED T O I NST A L L A TWO-WI RE PLUG AND JACK BETWEEN YOUR LOW VOLTAGE BATTERY C !RCUI T AND AN AUXILL A R Y B ATTERY THEN W HEN Y O U N EED T HE ADDED C A PACITY OF THE EXT R A BATTERY Y O U C A N P LUG IT I N T O T HE S T ROBE AND GET FROM 100 TO 800 ADDI T IONA L FLASHES DEPEND ING UPON THE BATTERY. THE F O RST TH ING TO DO I S TO INSPECT YOUR STROBE. You MUST F l NO OUT WHERE TO CON NEC T THE NEW JACK AND A LSO YOU MUST MEAS U RE THE VOLTA GE OF YOUR STROBE B ATTERY. TRA NS I ST ORS DON' T L OKE EXCESS VOLTAGE AND MOST A RE Q UiTE E A S Y T O B URN OUT OF" YOU C O N N E CT T HE B ATTERY BACKWARDS. HoWEVER SOME STROBES H A VE A D I ODE I N SERI ES W ITH THE BATTER Y VOLT AGE TO PREVENT BURNOUT W I TH REVERSED BATTER ES. I F YOU DON1T HAVE A VOLTMETER THEN F IND A FRIEND WHO HAS ONE AND KNOWS HOW TO USE I T HoWEVER 0 F YOUR STROBE USES REGULAR DRY CEL L S OR O THER T YPES OF BATTER I ES THAT A RE MARKED W OTH THE VOLTAGE AND "+" A N D " ON THE BAT TERY THEN YOU MAY NOT NEED THE VOLTMETER. THERE I S ALSO T HE PROBLEM OF TAKING T HE STROBE APART. I F IT USES DRY CEL LS, THEN YOU MAY NOT NEED TO T A KE I T AP A RT, S I NCE YOU C A N GET TO THE PROPER CONTA C T S FROM OUT S IDE. S T R OBES A RE USUALLY PUT T OGE T HER W i T H SMALL S CREWS OR CL IPS THAT HOLD TO GETHER TWO HALVES O F T HE C ASE. IF V O U DON T SEE T HE SCREWS THE N LOO K FOR A SMALLNAMEP LATE9 E TC., T H A T MAY BE GLUED ON. PERHAPS T HE SCREWS ARE H IDDEN UNDER THE N AMEPLATE ALS09 YOU SHOULD REAL I ZE T HAT O NCE YOU T E A R I N T O THE S T ROBE AND MODI FY IT Y O U W I L L PROB A B L Y VOOD THE G UARA N TEE. SoME STROBES A RE QUOTE T R I CKY TO TAKE AP A R T FoR D NST A N C E9 T HE BRAUN REQ U IRES A SPECOAL TOO L WHICH C A N BE M ADE FROM A P A PER C L I P OR S I M I LA R W I RE WITH THE END BEN T T O FORM A HOOK. You M U S T REMOVE THE B ATTERY DOOR REMO VE T H E B A T TERY USE Y O U R TOOK T O HOOK T H E L O N G METAL SL ODE CLIP, AND THEN PULL OUT THE CL IP.

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PAGE 112 THE TEXAS CAVER, SEPTEMBER, 1966 THIS LOOSENS THE SIDE THE CASE. NEXT YOU HAVE TO THAT SIDE THE PLASTIC CASE AND SLIGHTLY ROTATE THE CASE UNTIL THE CATCHES ON THE OTHER SIDE AND THE BOTTOM COME LOOSE. THIS TAKES ABOUT 1 M I NUTE YOU KNOW HOW, LONGER NOT. WHEN YOU GET THE UNIT APART, LOOK C A REFULLY AT THE LAYOUT AND CONSTRUCTION. SOMETIMES SWITCHES AND CL OPS, ETC .9 WILL GO TOGETHER ONLY A CERTA I N WAY AND MAY SLIDE IN SPECIAL GROOVES THAT ARE PART THE CASE. IF YOUR STROBE USES BATTERIES THA T M A Y BE RECHARGED THEN YOU SHOUL D CHA RGE T HE UNI T Y O U T A KE IT AP A RT T O MEA THE VOLT A GE T H I S W G L L A LSO CHARGE THE CAP A C I TOR I N MOST C ASES SO YOU SHOULD D I SCH A RGE IT P A RTIALL Y BY THE UNIT REMEMBER WHEN YOU TAKE THE UNIT APART THAT SOME OF THOSE WIRES INSIDE CARRY HIGH VOLTAGE AND THE CAPACITOR STILL HAS A SMA LL CHAR GE ON I T IN MOST CASES. T HE H IGH VOLTAGE CAPACITOR I S PROBABLY THE LARGEST COMPONENT INSIDE THE CASE AND USUALLY WIRES COMING OUT ONE END. MOST ARE ROUND CYLINDERS HOWEVER SOME ARE RECTANGULAR "CYLINDERS". NEVER TOUCH THE CAPAC I TOR TERMINALS UNLESS YOU ARE PREPARED FOR A LARGE CHARGE! THE N-C BATTERIES ARE USUALLY THE SECOND LARGEST COMPONENTS INSIDE (OR THE DRY CELLS) AND ARE USUALLY A NUMBER OF SMALL ROUND "THICK POKER CHIPS" HELD TOGETHER IN SOME MANNER. SOMET I MES THEY MAY BE H IDDEN BY SOME SORT OF PLASTIC WRAPP I NG. LOCATE THE TWO WIRES OR CLIPS THAT CONNEC T TO YOUR BATTERIES AND MEAS U RE THE VOLTAGE AT THIS POINT (voLTs, NOT AMPS). I F You ARE LUCKY IT W i LL ;EASU RE BE TWEEN 6-8 VOLTS AND A ST ANDARD 6 VOLT LAN TERN BATTER Y W I L L P R O V IDE THE PROPER VOLTAGE FOR Y OUR UNIT ( EVEREAD Y No. 5 10S). THE JUSTR ITE No. 20031 BATTERY CASE MAY ALSO BE U SED T O HOLD YOUR EXTRA BAT TERI ES A N D L ISTS FOR $2.20. THIS CASE LETS YOU LSE 4 Sl ZE 0 CE LLS I NS TEAD O F THE L A NTERN BATTER Y YOUR STROBE BATTERY MEASURES LESS THAN ABOUT 5.5 VOLTS THEN YOU SHOULD NOT USE A 6 VOLT BATTERY. THERE ARE A NUMBER OF DIFFERENT VOLTAGES AND YOU CAN PICK OUT A GOOD BATTERY FOR YOUR USE WHEN YOU GET THE PLUG AND JACK YOU WILL USE. AN IMPORTANT THING TO REMEMBER IS THAT YOU ARE GOING TO USE THIS EXTRA BATTERY TO PROVIDE EXTR A POWER FOR YOUR STROBE AND IT W I LL BE MOST IF IT HAS MORE POWER CAPAC ITY THAN YOUR SMALL STROBE BATTERY. THIS MEANS THAT IT SHOULD BE LARGER THAN THE SMALL STROBE BATTERY. As MENTIONED BEFORE, THE BEST BATTERY TO USE IS ONE OF THE COMMON BATTERIES FOUND IN MOST STROBES=-L I KE "0" CELLS OR THE 6 VOLT L A NTERN BATTERY. BuT IF YOU PREFER THE S i ZE OR SHAPE OF ONE OF THE S PECiAL BATTERIES, LOOK IN THE CATALOG UNDER "PORTABLE A TYPES". (LA RGE RECHARGEABLE BATTERIES ARE ALSO AVAILABLE FOR THOSE THAT WANT TO FOOL WITH THEM AND BUILD OR BUY AN EXTRA CHARGING UNIT.) BATTERIES ARE AVAILABLE WITH VOLTAGES OF 3, %9 AND 9 VOLTS. THERE ARE MANY GOOD ELECTRONIC SUPPLY HOUSES THAT HAVE MAIL ORDER CATALOGS AND HERE IS WHERE YOU WILL HAVE TO LOOK WHEN YOU PICK OUT YOUR PLUG/JACK. ONE OF THESE 1s LAFAYETTE RADio; 111 JERICHo TuRN PIKE; SYossET, L.l., N.Y., 11791. ONE LAFAYETTE's SMALLEST PLUG/JACK UNITS TO USE ON YOUR STROBE IS +99R6314 WHICH COSTS ONLY 25. HOWEVER THIS IS A CHE A P IMPORTED UNIT AND SHOULD BE HANDLED WITH CARE. YOUR BIG PROBLEM NOW IS TO SPACE INSIDE YOUR STROBE CASE T O PUT THE JACK. INSTALLATION REQUIRES A SMALL HOLE OR NOTCH IN THE CASE AND MAKES A VERY NEAT LOOKING JOB GIVE SOME THOUGHT TO THE EXACT LOCATION OF THE JACK IF YOU HAVE A CHOICE. IT MAY BE HANDY TO HAVE YOUR EXTRA BATTERY WIRE NEXT TO THE SYNC CORD. OR YOU MAY WANT TO PUT IT ON THE BOTTOM OF THE UNIT SINCE YOU WILL PROBABL Y HAVE YOUR BATTERY ON YOUR BEL T IF YOU HAVE TROUBLE FINDING ROOM INSIDE THE CASE MAYBE YOU CAN MOVE OVER SOME COMPONENTS OR TURN THEM AROUND. WHEN YOU DRILL THE HOLE I N THE CASE FOR THE JACK BE C A REFUL NOT TO DRILL ANY OF THE OTHER

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T HE TEXAS CAVER9 SEPTEMBER 9 1966 P AGE 113 C O MPONENTS AT THE SAME T I ME. YOU MAY WANT TO USE THE SPECIAL NUT THAT COMES WITH THE TO FASTEN I T TO THE CASE OR YOU MAY USE A GOOD EPOX Y (sEE "GLUE FOR CAVERS" ELSEWHERE). AFTER THE I S LOCATED AND N STALLEO IN YOUR STROBE, I T i S TiME TO CHECK THE POLARITY OF YOUR BATTER Y AND CORREC TLY WIRE YOUR PLUG AND .JACK. THE POS i T l '1/'E TER = M ONAL O F THE EXTRA BAT TERY MUST B E CONNECTED TO T HE POS I TIVE TERMINAL OF THE STROBE BATTERY. USE THE VOL T METER TO CHECK THI NGS OUT. You MAY W A N T TO MARK THE POSOTOVE W IRE T H A T COMES OUT O F THE PLU G SO THAT VOU WiLL ALWAYS CONNEC T DT P R O PER LY TO YOUR EXTRA B ATTERV o IF Y O U R STROBE !S 4i VOLTS B U T YOU WAN T TO USE RT O N A 6 VOLT LANTERN B 1i.T'TERY T HE N YOU M U S T CHOOSE THE PR O= PE R VALUE OF RESDS TOR TO O N S ERIES WITH T HE EXTERNA L B A T T ERY. GET SOME HEL P FROM YOUR E L E CT R ICAL FR O END T O HEL P YOU FIG U RE OUT 0HM0S LA W I F YOU YOUR PR O B LEM I S TO MEA SURE Y O U R B A T TERY CURREN T T O T HE S T ROBE C IRCU I T SO THA T Y O U C A N CALC ULAT E THE VALUE OF.RESI STANCE NEEDED TO DROP" THE EXTRA VOL TAGE FROM THE 6 VOLT BATTERY. 0HMW S LAW (E=)xR) WILL S O LVE THE PROBLEM8 VOLTS= AMPS TIMES OHMS. IF THE STROBE B A TTERY VOLTAGE B S 4i V O LT S AND YOU MEA S U RE THE CURREN T WHEN THE STROBE B S TURNED ON AND F OND OT T O BE 1 AMP9 THEN YOU NEED TO "DROP" V OLTS (6 -4i = A CROSS T H E RES O STOR. B Y T HE EQUAT iON& R = E/1 = = 1.5 OHMS. UsE A OHM RESi STOR I N "SERDES" WDTH T H E W I RE FROMTHE T O THE STROBE BATTE R Y TERM I NAL. A SMALL W !REWOUNO RESI S TOR WATT TOLERANCE) C OSTS 24 FROM L A FA YETT E RADDO. USE S OME SMALL 0 NSULA TEO W I RE TO CONNEC T THE JACK. BE C A RE FU L NOT TO BURN ANYTHING WHEN YOU SOLDER T HE W DRES T O THE TERMINALS AND ASK Y O U R ELECT R I CAL FRIEN D TO D NSPEC T T H ONGS F O R A GOO D SOLDER JOINT. IF THE J ACK HAS MORE THAN TWO TERMI N ALS BE S U RE VOU C O NNECT THE W I RES TO THE PR O PER TERMI NALS ALS O Y O U SHOU L D M ARK B OT H THE BATTERY VOLT AGE AND POLARITY (+) O N THE PLUG WIRES SO THA T THERE I S NO CHA NCE FOR ERRORS I N CONNEC TING THE WRONG VpLTAGE. Now THAT YOU HAVE YOUR STROBE APART IT MAV BE A GOOD CHANCE TORE PLACE A WORN-OUT S YNC CORD I F IT IS THE K INO THA T DOES N O T DET ACH. GET ONE OF THE HEAVY DUTY DETACHABLE S YNC CORDS FROM THE LOCAL CAMERA STORE AND CUT O F F THE HOU SEHOLD PLUG ON ONE END. THE HoNE YWELL BRAND CORD I S ONE O F THE BES T E VEN THOUGH MORE EXPENSiVE. SEPARATE T HE W I RES AND SOLDER I N P LA CE O r THE O L D ONES. A BIT OF GOOD GLUE (SEE GLU E ARTICLE) WILL ATTACH THE NEW CORD T O THE CASE BETTER. Now VOU CAN HOLD THE STROBE AT ARM1S FOR T HOSE N I CE SIDE-L IGHTED EF FECTS. T o FONISH T HINGS U P AFTER YOU HAVE PUT THE S T ROBE B ACK TOGETHER VOU W A N T TO T APE A SPECOA L CARD ON THE S IDE O F THE STROBE. PUT D OWN THE CORRECT GUIDE NUMBERS FOR T HE D I F F ERENT K INOS O F F ILM Y O U USE. THESE SHOULD BE BASED ON YOUR OWN EXPERIENCE AND TESTS WIT H THE UND T i N C A VES AND NQT ON T HE M A N U F A CTURERS ADVERTiSED GUiDE E TC. You MAY WANT T O PUT D O W N T HE GUIDE NUMBERS FOR D I FFERENT FL ASH BULBS ALSO I N CASE YOU W ANT TO "RIDE" SOMEONE'S FLASH SOMETiME. I F YOU STi LL HAVE ROOM ON THE C ARD YOU MAY WANT TO MAKE A CHART FOR YOUR FAVORITE FILMo JUST CALCULA T E THE O i STANCE FOR ALL THE "F'' STOPS ON V O U R L ENS AND L IST THI S C N FORMATION ON THE CHA RT. A F TER A TIR ING CAVE TRI P I T I S F A R E A S IER T O JUST P iCK OUT A D i STAN C E AND SET YOUR "F" S T O P F R O M THE CHA R T WOTHOU T DIVID ING THE GUDDE N U MBER. GOOD *********************************** GLUE CONT I N U E03 ( C O N T 0 0 0 p. 1 1 0 ) I S T A N C O L ORED AND DOES NOT DRY HARD. 1 T H ONK THE C LEAR SEAL a s BETTER FOR MANY OF T HE OLD PL OOBOND APPLICATiO N S NEED A GOOD CHEA P CEMENT TO ST D C K S URVEY ALUM I N U M TAGS T O THE R OCK? TR Y SOME CERAMI C T ILE A DHESIVE (SEA RS f64H6989 8 $1.39). You GET A WHOL E QUART FOR T H U S PR D CE o CoN TI N UED oN P AGE 114

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PAGE 114 THE TEXAS CAVER 9 SEPTEMBER9 1966 IT HAS LONG BEEN REALIZED BY ECONOMISTS THAT MANY OF THE WORLD1S PRESENT ECONOMIC PROBLEMS ARE ULT I MATELY ROOTED IN THE USE OF GOLD AS A BASIS FOR THE I NTERNAT I ONAL MONETARY SYSTEM, MOST COUNTR I ES ENGAGED IN INTERNATIONAL TRADE RESERVE THE RIGHT TO DEMAND PAYMENT I N GOLD, THUS FOR EXAMPLE, THE DOLLARS HELD BY OTHER COUNTRIES REPRESENT CLA IMS ON OUR GOLD SUPPLY, WHEN THESE CLAIMS ARE MET IT DOES NOT NECESSARILY MEAN THAT THE GOLD IS SHOPPED TO THE FOREIGN COUNTRY, IT MAY MEREL Y MEAN THAT TITLE TO THE GOLD I S WHILE THE GOLD ITSELF NEED NOT MOVE, THE MOST i MPORTAN T FISCAL PROBLEMS ARE: BALANCE O F PA V MENT DEFICITS THAT OCCUR WHEN A COUNTR Y0S FOREIGN SPENDING IS MORE THAN THE COUNTRY EARNS ABROAD; THE LACK OF MONEY IN THE DEVELOPING COUNTRIES WHICH DESPERATELY NEED i NVESTMENT CAPt TAL; AND THE GENERAL SHORTAGE OF CURRENCY CAUSED BY THE LIMITED AMOUNT OF GOLD THESE PROBLEMS ARE ALL RELATED AND COULD BE SOLVED BY A RADICAL SOUNDING BUT EMINENTLY PRACTICAL CHANGE FROM THE GOLD STANDARD TO THE CAVE STANDARD, THIS STANDARD WOULD, OF COURSE, HAVE TO BE INTRODUCED GRADUALLY SO AS NOT TO DISRUPT WORLD TRADE, FoR, SAY, A PERIOD OF ABOUT TEN YEARS BOTH CAVES AND GOLD WOULD BE THE MONETARY STANDARD, AND THOSE COUNTR IES RICH IN GOLD BUT POOR IN CAVES COULD CONVERT THEIR GOLD RESERVES INTO CAVES DURING THIS TIME, IT MIGH T BE THOUGHT THAT THIS WOULD BE 0UNFAIR9 TO THE GOLD RICH COUNTRIES9 AND CERTAINLY OUT OF SELFISHNESS THEY M I GHT BE EXPECTED TO OBJECT TO THE NEW SYSTEM, HOWEVER CAVES ARE AS AND IF THE WORD CAN BE PROPERLY APPLIED, AS FAIRLY DISTRIBUTED AS GOLD, ONE O F THE MAIN D I S A DVANTAGES OF GOLD IS THAT GOLD MINING IS AN EXPENSIVE PROCEDURE, AND ONL Y THE MOST EFF I C I ENT OPERATIONS WHICH REQUIRE LARGE AMOUNTS OF EXPENSI VE BILL RusSELL MACHINERY CAN BE EXPECTED TO SHOW A PROFIT, TH I S TENDS TO LIMIT THE AMOUNT OF GOLD AVAILABLE, WHILE IF CAVES WERE THE MONETARY STANDARD THEY COULD BE SURVEYED AND REGISTERED W i TH THE INTERNATIONAL MONETARY COMMISSION FOR COMPARITIVELY LITTLE EXPENSE, LEAVING A LARGE "PROFIT THAT COULD BE USED TO BUY GOODS AND SERVICES AND SO ENHACE THE PROSPERITY OF THE WORLD, THE LARGE NUMBER OF CAVES WILL EASLY PROVIDE FOR THE NECESSARY EXPANSION OF THE WORLD1 S M ONETARY S Y STEM AND AT THE SAME TCME FREEING FOR BETTER USE THE VAST AMOUNT OF SKILLED LABOR, MONEY AND THAT NOW GOES INTO GOLD TO STORE IN FT. KNOX, WHEN THIS I MPROVED SYSTEM IS ESTABLISHED CAVERS WILL PERFORM A GREAT SERVICE FOR THEIR COUNTRY BY LOCATING CAVES THAT WILL PROVIDE FOREIGN EXCHANGE. THESE CAVES WILL THEN BE MAPPED AND EVALUATED BY THE I NTERNAT I ONAL MONETARY COMMISSION WHICH WILL REQUIRE THE SERVICES OF MANY CAVERS, THE TRANSFER OF THE M ONETAR Y TITLE OF A CAVE TO A FOREIGN COUNTRY NEED NOT INTERFERE W I TH CAVE. FUTHER EXPLORATION IN THE ALL CAVERS SHOULD IMMEDIATELY START TO WORK FOR THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THIS IMPROVED MONETARY SYSTEM FOR THE BENEFIT OF CAVES, CAVERS, COUNTRY, AND COMMERCE, THE END ********************************* GLUE CONTINUED FROM PAGE 113 CLEAN THE SURFACE CAREFULLY, SCOOP UP SOME CEMENT WITH THE ALUMINUM TAG, AND MASH IT DOWN ON THE ROCK, THIS STUFF S LiKE PUTTY AND AIR-DRIES, NoT RECOMMENDED FOR WET SURFACES, GooD GLUtN' USED MIL ITARY BRUN TON AND TYPE COMPASSES9 GOOD CONDITION, $30 ,00 EACH, L IMITED SUPPLY DWIGHT DEAL; 537 ALVARADO SE; A LBUQUERQUE, NEw MEx tco 87106.

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THE TEXAS CAVERg 1966 PAGE 115 B L A I R GOODBAR NSS 5537 THE TEXAS CAVER REGRETS T O ANNOUNCE THAT BLAIR GOODBAR, P A SSED AWAY SEPTEMBER 9, 1966, F OLLOW ING AN ILLNESS IN THE HOSP ITAL. BLAIR, 47, WAS A DALLAS NATIVE AND WAS A GRA D UATE oF WoooRow WILSON H tGH S cHOOL. HE ATTENOED TExAs A&M. MoRE A N Y T HING ELSE BLAIR WITH PEOPLE AND WAS A CLAIMS A DJ U STER AND MEMBER OF' THE CATASTROPHE MANPOWER PooL oF THE NATOONAL AssoCIATiON oF I NDEPENDENT INSURANCE BLAI R W A S A MEMBER OF' iHE FT. WoRTH GROTTO ALMOST SONCE OTS O N 19609 AND A TSA AND NSS MEMBER. ONE OF' H O s FAVORITE CAVING A REAS W A S CE NTRAL FIRST ON THE SCENE AT GEORGETOWN TEXAS, BLAI R WAS ONE OF THE FIRST TO BE LOWERED DOWN THE 24 INCH CORE THE ONLY ENTRANCE TO LAUBACH CAVE. FIFTY FEET BE LOW HE PHOT OGRAPHED WHAT W A S TO BE INNER SPACE 2t Y EARS LATER. BLAI R ALWAY S T O O K H I S FAMILY CAV!NG W I T H HIM. I F VOU SAW BLAIR9 YOU IMMEDIATELY LOOKED FOR KATHERINE, J t M9 NANCY, AND ELLEN. THE CAVER STAFF REGRETS THE LOSS O F THIS FINE M A N AND F E LLO W CAVER. ANOTHER FILLER FOR THE T EXAS CAVER FRoM THE CAv E oF THE W oNos FOLDER & POOP SHEE T9 MANITOU SPR H NGS9 COLOR AD08 11STALAC TI TES A RE C ALC! UM CARBONATE DEPOSITS RESEMBLiNG I C I C L ES HANG ING FROM THE ROOF AND WALL S OF' THE CAVE; STALAGMI T ES ARE S I MILAR DEPOSITS R ISONG UP FROM THE FLOOR. THESE WERE FORMED B Y WATER ACT ION ON L IMEST ONE WHEN THE REGION LA Y AT THE BOTTOM OF AN INLAND SEA ( . AND ALL ALONG WE THOUGHT T HEY HAD TO BE FORMED I N A N AOR=FOLLED PASSAGE. THAT MUST PROVE T HAT THERE I S REALLY AIR UNDER INLAND SEAS9 OR THAT INLAND SEAS ARE RE ALLY DRY. Eo.) RACING AND SWIRLI NG, THEN 0 1 S A PPEAR = I N G INTO TIME, THESE UNOERGRO UNO RIVERS F ASHIONED CAVERNS AND NEWS DALLAS-FT. WORTH GROTT09 LEE SKINNER REPORTS THAT HE AND A COUPLE OF OTHER TROOPS FROM A L BUQUERQUE U P T O MoNT ANNA AND PARTS THERE-ABOUT TO EXPLORE THE GLORY HoL E CAVE SYSTEM. TALKS AS THOUGH IT MIGHT BE ANOTHER JEWEL CAvE SYSTEM oR so CARL KUNATH PETE L I NDSLEY FOR A FEW DAYS AND THEY WENT UP TO THE LAND OF GREEN AND FLUTED DOMEPITS I N THE ARKANSAS 0ZARKS. MAI N OF WAS PHOTOGRA PHY. SEVERAL CAVES WERE V I S I TED W ITH GUIDE JIM SCHERMERHORN. A SLIDE SHOW OF THE TRIP WAS PRESENTEO AT THE AUGUST GROTTO MEETING. LEAVING FOR UNDER THE H B LL A WEEK EARLY9 RONNIE AND ROGER F t ESELER P ICKED UP CCCA CAVERS MIKE BALES AND BILL JONES. HAVING THE D ISTI NCTION OF ARRI VING AT THE SITE A WEEK EARLY, THEY D I D A BIT OF MAPPING AND EXPLORING UNDER THE HILL. A TRIP WAS MADE UP TO GUADALUPE RIDGE T O COTTONWOOD CAVE EARLY I N THE WEEK. LABOR DAY WEEKEND FOUND ANOTHER DOZEN OR SO DALLAS CAVE FOLKS AT THE HIL L AND A GOOD TIME WAS REPORTED BY ALL. THE OCTOBER CAVER WILL G IVE A FUL L REPORT OF THE FOR 1966. GRo TTO ADDRESS 8 6621 S uNNYLAND LANE DALLAS9 TEXAS 7521 4 BALCONES GROTTO i NSSg THE 8ALCONES GROTTO HELD ITS A U GUST MEET ING AT 7i30 PM I N THE HoWSON L IBRARY MEETING ROOM. DAVID MEREDITH PRESENTED A SER I ES OF SLIDES ON THE DEV E LOPMENT OF INNER SPACE. THEN JAMES QUI NLAN, ONE OF THE LEAD ING AUTHORITIES ON SPELEOGENISI S AND CAV E M I NEROLOGY, GAV E A REPOR T ON H I S RECEN T TRI P T O THE MAMMOTH CAVE AREA WHERE HE WORKED IN MAMMOTH AND CRY S TAL CAVES WOTH THE CAVE RESEARCH CONTv D. ON BACK

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THE TEXAS CAVER 4612 RoAD TExAS 75209 OFFICIAL PUBLICATION OF THE TEXAS SPELEOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION NAT I ONAL SPELEOLOGICAL SOCIETY ( RETUhN POSTAGE EED) PRINT ED MATTER GROT T O NEWS CONT I NUEO g FOUNDATION, ONE OF THE OBJECTS OF THE TR I P WAS TO DETERMINE IF THE BLACK MATERlAL THAT OCCUR S ON THE WALLS AND CE!LONG OF CAVES IN THE MAMMOTH CAVE A RE A WAS HUMIC AS HE SUS PECTED FROM A PREVIOUS TRIP9 OR WAS SOOT FROM MANGANESE, OR T A R AS BEEN PREVIOUSLY REPORTED, ALL OF THE MATERIAL EXAMINED WAS HUMIC ACI D, THIS DARK BLACK TAR L I KE MATERIAL APPARENTLY RESUL T S FROM THE DECAY OF P LANT REMAINS ABOVE THE CAVE9 AND T HEN SEEPS DOWN INTO THE CAVE IT IS PERHAPS ALSO POSSIBLE (THOUGH NOT MENT I ONED B V THA T THE HUMI C ACID CAN FORM FROM EITHER TAR OR SOOT B Y DECAY THAT O CCURS IN THE CAVE9 AS THE ROCK ABOVE THE CAVE IS REL A TIVELY I M PERMEABLE. ALS O HAD SLIDES OF SEVERAL CAVES IN VIRGiNIA AND TENNESSEE9 AND REPORTED ON THE 11R APE OF THE NAT ION A L PARKS." IN MAMMOTH CAV E NATIONAL PARK THERE IS NOW A HE A V Y EQUIPMENT TRAINING SCHOOL AND AT LEAST ONE ENORMOUS DUMP P ILE, THE TOURIST CAN1T P ICK A FLOWER THE J o n CORP S IS RUNNING THROUGH THE WOODS WITH A BULLDOZER AND T HE PARK SERVICE IS KEEPING THE TR ASH A B O V E GROUND (RATHER THAN H IDDEN BELOW I N T HE CAVES --Eo.). GROTTO ADDREssg STAR RouTE A, Box 8 7 3 AUST IN, TEXAS TOg PAINTED CAVES CONTINUED: ( Co NT 1 D P 1 08 ) MAY, 1965, THREE HUNDRED FEET OF INTERCONNECTING PASSAGE WAS MAPPED, SEVERAL UNSUCCESSFUL ATTEMPTS WERE MADE TO LOCATE THIS PICTOGRAPHS DESCRIBED BY JACKSON. JAMES ESTES AND I FOUND A COLONY OF HONEY 8EES INHABITING THE CAVE DURING LATE AUGUST OF 1966. NoT MANY MORE YEARS FROM NOW THE "PAINTED CAVES" WILL BE INUNDATED BY THE Rl Sl NG WATERS OF THE NEW AMISTAD DAM. Bv ToM MEADOR NSS 5202 L LOST AND FOUND DEPARTMENT FouND 1 N ENDLESS AT THE PRoJECT: ONE SOUVENI R-TVPE Cl GARETTE Ll GHTER, 11UN1 VERSE" BRAND, LOSER PLEASE DE AND CLAIM FROM 0LLENE 8UNDRAm, OFFICIAL POOP FOR DEEP CAVE TYPE CAVERS g MR, DoN FRANKLIN IS NOW IN CHARGE ON THE OLD LOYS NEWMAN PLACE. WELL-MANNERED CAVERS IN REASONABL Y SIZED GROUPS ARE WELCOME, JOIN AN INTERNAT IONAL CAVING ORGANI ZAT ION JoIN THE NSS TODAY I


Description
Contents: Painted
Caves / Tom Meador --
Glue for cavers / Pete Lindsley --
Review / Katherine Goodbar --
Photo tips / Pete Lindsley & Carl Kunath --
Better than gold / Bill Russell --
Blair Goodbar --
Grotto news.