The Texas Caver

Citation
The Texas Caver

Material Information

Title:
The Texas Caver
Series Title:
The Texas Caver
Creator:
Texas Speleological Association
Publisher:
Texas Speleological Association
Publication Date:
Language:
English

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Regional Speleology ( local )
Technical Speleology ( local )
Genre:
Newsletter
serial ( sobekcm )
Location:
United States

Notes

General Note:
Contents: Project under the hill / L. B. Lowe C Kunath -- Pictures one through six -- How to kill your friends / Dwight Deal -- Pictures seven through twelve -- Bi-regional project, attendance representation -- Grotto news.
Restriction:
Open Access - Permission by Publisher
Original Version:
Vol. 11, no. 10 (1966)
General Note:
See Extended description for more information.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
K26-04505 ( USFLDC DOI )
k26.4505 ( USFLDC Handle )
10664 ( karstportal - original NodeID )
0040-4233 ( ISSN )

USFLDC Membership

Aggregations:
Added automatically
Karst Information Portal

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serial

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Full Text

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1966 VCl.Xl

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VOLUME XI NUMBER 10 OCTOBER9 1966 COVER: CHARLOTTE RICHARDS AND ANDY KoMENSKY THE BOYD'S CAVE DURING THE PROJECT. THE SEVERAL BONES, CHARCOAL, A CARVED ABALONE SHELL9 AND AN ARROWHEAD THAT WERE WERE TURNED OVER TO THE UNIVERSITY NEW MExico ARCHAEOLOGY DEF>ARTMENT. (PHoTo BY NoRMAN MIRANDA F, 50MM, STROBE, KB-14 CONTENTS a PAGE 119 PROJECT UNDER THE HILL BY L. B LowE & C. KuNATH 121 P1 CTURES ONE THROUGH .SIX 122 How To KILL YouR FRIENDS BY DwiGHT DEAL 123 PICTURES SEVEN THROUGH TWELVE 126 81-REGIONAL PRoJECT, ATTENDANCE & REPRESENTATION 127 GROTTO NEws THE TEXAS CAVER IS A MONTHLY F>UBLICATION THE TEXAS SF>ELEOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION AND IS PUBLISHED IN DALLAS, TEXAS. MATERIAL PUBLICATION SHOULD BE TYF>ED DOUBLE-SPACED AND SENT TO THE EDITOR NO LATER THAN THE 1sT THE MONTH ISSUE. THIS PUBLICATION IS EXCHANGED WITH OTHER SIMILAR PUBLICATIONS OR SUBSCRIF>TION IS $3o00 F>ER YEAR FOR 12 ISSUES c::) 1966 BY THE TEXAS CAVER. [OITOR.o oooPETE LINDSLEY Ass1 STANT EDITOR. o CHUCK LARSEN ARTWORK o . NoRMAN ROBINSON GRoTTo NEws EDIToR BERT OLSE N PHoTo T1F>S EDITOR CARL KuNA T H CuRRENT EvENTS EDITOR JIM EsTES TYPIST .. JACKLYN RoBINSON LITHOGRAPHER . BRYANT L ILLY AssEMBLY . JACK AND GLORIA BuRcH NOTEg ALL MONEY AND QUESTIONS FOR SUBSCRIF>TIONS OR RENEWALS SHOULD BE SEN T To THE Ass1 STANT EDITORS CHUCK LARSEN, '12719 H1 GHMEADow, DALLAS, TExAS9 75234. ALL GROTTO AND CLUB NEWS SHOULD BE SENT TO THE GROTTO NEWS EDITOR& BERT 0LSEN8 222 MIZELL, DuNCANVILLE, TExAs 75116. OFFICERS OF THE TEXAS SPELEOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION FOR THE CURRENT YEAR CHAIRMAN 0. 0 0 0 CARL KUNATH VICE CHAIRMAN . BILL RussELL SECRETARY-TREASURER,. , , 0LLENE BUNDRANT 107 TOMAHAWK TRAIL SAN ANTONIO, TEXAS 78232 MISSING A ZIP CODE ON YOUR MAIL LABEL? BETTER SEND IT TO us FOR 1967 CAVERS

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THE TEXAS CAVER, 1966 PAGE 119 PROJECT 'UNDER THE HILL' BYI L.B. LowE & C. KuNATH THIS IS A BRIEF ACCOUNT OF THE ACTIVITIES WHICH TOOK PLACE AT THE TSA-SWR PROJECT UNDER THE HiLL HELD I N THE MCKITTRICK HILL AREA SEPT EMBER J, 4, AND 5, 1966. KUNATH WAS AMONG THE EARLY ARRIVALS AND WAS PLEASED TO SEE THE ROAD ( SOME OF WHICH WAS RECENTL Y GRADED) SO WELL M ARKED, COMPL IMENT S OF THE SoUTHWESTERN REG ION. THE ONLV OTHER TEXANS PRESENT WERE THE F eESELERS AND COMPANY (iN THE M I DST OF A HOT P I NOCHLE GAME WITH ANDY KOMENSKV)9 WHO HAD BEEN THERE ALMOST A WEEK, RoNNIE AND RoGER FIESELER W I TH BaLL JONES AND MIKE BALES HAD SPENT MOST OF THE WEEK AT THE H I LL9 TAKING OFF ONLY A DAY OR SO TO V I S I T COTTONWOOD CAVE UP ON THE R I DGE, THE V REPOR TED THAT THEY HAD BEEN BUSY EXPLOR ING AND MAPPING IN ADDITION T O SOME SUR FA CE WORK, ANOTHER BIT OF NEWS WAS THE REPORT OF AN ACC I DENT TO ONE OF THE EARLY ARRIVALS TO THE PROJECT, A CAVER HAD FALLEN INTO THE BALCON Y RooM OF 0RY CAVE WHILE ATTEMP T ING TO HOP THE L EDGE AROUND THE LEFT SIDE, C L OSER QUEST IO N ING REVEALED T HAT H C S S HOULDER HAD STRUCK A S L I GHT PROJECTION ABOVE THE LEDGE A S HE J U MPED AND H A D KNOCKED H I M OFF BALANCE HE FELL DOWN ON THE LEDGE AND SL iPPED INTO THE POT FEET FIRST WHEN UNABLE T O HOLD ON TO TH E SLOP NG LEDGE, lANDING IN SOFT D O R T ONL Y INCH ES AWAY FROM SOME ROCKS9 HE WAS QUIT E F ORTUNATE AND SUFFERED ONLY BRUISES AND A GOOD SC ARE F R O M H I S FOOT F A LL HE WAS ABLE T O M AKE I T OUT O F THE CAVE UNDER HIS OWN POWER WITH THE HELP OF H I S FELLOW C AVERS, (SEE 11HoW T o KILL YouR FRIENDs", P 122, FOR M ORE BALCON Y RooM LEDGE D ISCUSSION.) LATER FRIDAY EVENING KUNATH CONNED ELBERT B A SSH A M AND MATT TOMPSON, A PAIR OF E L PASO CAVERS9 T O GO INTO ENDLESS THAT N IGHT AND SE T UP MAPPING STAKES No. 1 THR U 4 SO THAT WORK COULD BEGIN WITHOUT DELAY THE NEXT MORNI NG, C A V ERS ARRIVED ALL THROUGH THE PLEASANTLY COOL EVENING AND BY MORNING THERE WERE SOME 50 OR SO ASSEMBLED, RoNNIE FIESELER AND OTHERS GAVE A MAPPING SCHOOL ( I N PETE LINDSLEY'S ABSENCE) FOR THOSE INTERESTED IN MAPPING, THEN THE FUN BEGAN! MAPPING TEAMS WERE ORGANIZED, FINALLY, ABOUT 10&59 AM T HREE TEAMS LEFT FOR ENDLESS CAVE. Two WERE MAPPING TEAMS& ONE LED B Y JACK BuRCH, AND THE OTHER BY CARL KUNATH. THE THIRD TEAM WAS AN EXPLOR ING TEAM LED BY CLAUDE HEAD. AT THE SAME TIME, ANOTHER TEAM HEADED FOR SAND CAVE TO CONTINUE THE M A P THAT THE SANDIA GROTTO STARTED LAST SPRING, THE FIESELERS HEADED UP A MAPPING TEAM FOR L ITTLE SAND CAVE. THE TEAMS I N ENDLESS M ADE FREQUENT CONNECTIONS WITH ONE ANOTHER, AS WELL AS MAKING SEVERA L CLOSURES WITH PREVIOUSLY SURVE YED PORTIONS OF THE CAVE. ALL TOLD, SOME 1260 FEET OF NEW PASSAGE WAS ADDED TO THE SURVEY, OR. A. H. HARRIS (DEPT. OF B IOLOGY, TExAs WESTERN CoLLEGE, EL P ASO) REPORT EO THAT DRY CAVE VER Y GOOD BONE MATERIAL. INCLUDED IN THE BONE MATERIAL RECOVERED WERE CAMEL, HORSE, ANTELOPE, FROG OR TOAD, MANY LIZ AROS9 SNAKE, BAT, JACK RABBIT, SEVERAL KINDS OF RODEN T S (INCLUDING AT LEAST ONE NOT KNOWN AT THESE RELATIVELY LOW ALTITUEDS)9 CANI09 AND SEVERAL KINDS OF B IROS, BONE MATERIAL WAS ALSO NOTED AT BOYD1S CAVE (SEE COVER), OR. HARRIS EXPRESSES HIS S IN CERE THANKS TO TSA AND SWR FOR THEI R MOST K IND AND HELPFUL AID. HE HAS APPLIED FOR A SMALL GRANT TO CONTe NUE SOME OF THE WORK IN THE H1 LL CAVES,

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PAGE 120 THE TEXAS CAVER9 OCTOBER9 1966 MEANWHILE THE SURFACE DWELLERS, WHO WERE SOAKED BY A SUDDEN AFTERNOON SHOWER, REPORTED A BEAUTIFUL RAINBOW OVER THE HILL, THEY DID NOT FIND THE POT OF GOLD, STILL MORE CAVERS ARRIVED DURING THE AFTERNOON AND EVENING OF THE 3RD AND SATURDAY EVENING A DRAWING WAS HELD FOR "DOOR" PRIZES. ALSO THAT EVENING THE MAP OF LITTLE SAND CAVE WAS PLOTTED AND THAT CAVE WAS DECLARED COMPLETE! ENDLEss, SAND, McKITTRICK, AND DRY CAVES WtRE NOT COMPLETE, HOWEVER, SoME OF THE ENDLESS WORK WAS PLOTTED, BUT AFTER KAVE KRAZY KUNATH HAD MADE A GOOD DOZEN ERRORS HE DECIDED THAT IT WAS TIME FOR BED, OTHERS WERE UP TILL THE WEE SMALL HOURS DOING ALL THE THINGS THA T CAVERS DO ON TRIPS LIKE THIS, THE FOLLOWING MORNING THINGS WERE A BIT MORE ORGANIZED, KUNATH RECRUITED A MAPPING-GEOLOGY CREW FOR ENDLESS AND THEY MAPPED SOME 500 FEET OF NEW PASSAGE AS WELL AS A NEW BASELINE OF ABOUT 2500 FEET, THEY ALSO TOOK TIME OUT TO LOOK AT A FEW OF THE MORE GEOLOGICALLY INTERESTING PORTIONS OF THE CAVE AND GAWK AT A FEW OF THE FORMAT I ON AREAS, EMERGING SLIGHTLY EARLIER THAN THE PREVIOUS DAY, THEY WERE GREATED BY SEVERAL "BUZZES" FROM A SMALL PLANE, SooN A NOTE FLUTTERED DOWN AND SOMEONE TUNED UP ONE OF THE CB RIGS, THE PLANE TURNED OUT TO BE THE TROUT BROTHERS (JERRY AND JOE 8os) FROM CARLSBAD. THEY HAD BEEN EXPLORING THESE CAVES WHILE MOST OF US WERt IN JR, HIGH SCHOOL AND CERTAINLY WOULD HAVE BEEN VALUABLE TO US UNDERGROUND DURING THE PROJECT. THAT EVENING THE BIG LOOP IN ENDLESS WAS PLOTTED AND AFTER ANOTHER DOZEN ERRORS, C.K. CONCLUDED THAT ONE SHOULD NOT ATTEMPT TO PLOT MAPS WHILE ONE IS A ZOMBIE. THIS BIT OF FUN AND GAMES ENDED UP WITH A 30 FOOT HORIZONTAL CLOSURE ERROR, AFTER MUCH TWISTING OF ARMS, KNASHING OF TEETH, ETC,' DICK SMITH TERRY RAINES, ELLS ROLFS, AND KUNATH HEADED SACK IN TO THE CAVE TO CUT ACROSS SEVERAL STATIONS WITH A NEW LINE SO THAT THEY COULD PIN DOWN THE ERROR, THIS THEY ACCOMPLISHED, AND IT NOW SEEMS THAT SOMEONE HAD A MIS-READ AZIMUTH OR A FAULTY DISTANCE SINCE THE VERTICAL CLOSURE OF THE SAME LINE WAS LESS THAN 3 FEET IN ERROR, WHILE ALL THIS WAS GOING ON, THINGS WERE HAPPENING ELSEWHERE, BURCH, ROBINSON, AND SEVERAL OTHER ASSORTED DALLAS TYPES WERE RUMAGING AROUND IN 80YD0S CAVE AND DRY CAvE. Bo v D0S CAvE WAS BEING MAPPED BY 8ALES9 CARRARA9 KoMENSKY, AND CREWJ AND A FEW ARTIFACTS WERE RECOVERED, CAMERA BUGS WERE BUSY PRESERVING THE WONDERS TO BE FOUND "UNDER THE HILL". DWIGHT DEAL EMERGED FROM ENDLESS BRISTING WITH ENERGY ANO TO MCKITTRICK CAVE WHERE HE AND SEVERAL OTHERS MAPPED SOMETHING LIKE 4000 FEET, THE CREW THAT WENT TO SAND CAVE REPORTED THAT THEY MAPPED VERY LITTLE SINCE THEIR SKETCH MAN WENT INSANE IN THE FIRST MAZE AREA THEY CAME ACROSS, DICK SMITH SPENT THE REST OF THE AFTERNOON TROTTING ABOUT THE SURFACE MUTTERING TO HIMSELF AND OCCASIONALLY STUFFING A ROCK INTO HIS POCKET. 8Y THE AFTERNOON OF THE 4TH9 THE CROWD WAS THINNING OUT AND WHAT WAS LEFT WAS SOMETHING LESS THAN SPRY, CAMP WAS CONSIDERABLY QUIETER THAT NIGHT, CoNT'D. PAGE BACK PROJECT PICTURES-OPPOSITE PAGE 1.) TERR Y RAINES AND CARL KUNATH (L-R) IN BULL SESSION, (PHoro: ROBINSON) 2.) TEXAS CREW IN FOREGROUND AND SOME OF THE VIEW SEEN FROM THE TOP OF THE HILL, (PHOTOI R.O. CLEMENTS) 3.) A CAVER STARTS UP THE 40 FOOT CHIMNEY IN DRY PoT. (PHoTo8 RoNNIE FIESELER) 4.) TSA TYPE KEEP WATCH ON THE APPROACHING STORM FROM THt TOP OF THE HILL. (PHOT 0 8 ROBINSON) 5.) SWR TYPES KEEP WATCH ON THE BULLETIN BOARD WHERE VAR I OUS NOTICES WERE POSTED. (PHOT08 ROBINSON) 6.) EUGENE BLUM BROUGHT HIS OWN COOKS WITH HIM, (?) (PHOTog KuNATH) BY (BUY) TEXAS CAVER

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THE TEXAS CAVER, OCTOBER, 196 6 PAGE 121

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PAGE 122 THE TEXAS CAVERp OCTOBER, 1966 HOW TO KILL YOUR FRIENDS OR: DON'T USE BOLTS UNLESS YOU KNOW WHAT YOU ARE DOING, BYg DwiGHT DEAL SUPPOSE" THIS STATEMENT CAN BE MADE ABOUT ANY OF THE CLIMBING SKILLS WE USE IN CAVING, BUT BOLTS ARE THINGS WE SHOULD BE ESPECIALLY CONCERNED ABOUT BECAUSE AN IMPROPERLY PLACED BOLT LIES IN WAIT TO KILL OTHERS AS WELL AS THE PERSON WHO PLACES IT. AN EXCELLENT EXAMPLE OF THIS WAS DISCOVERED AT THE JOINT TSA-SWR PROJECT "UNDER THE HILL" ON LABOR DAY WEEKEND. THIS EXAMPLE IS DOUBLY UNFORTUNATE AS DOZENS OF CAVERS HAVE USED THIS BOLT I N IT1S DANGEROUS CONDITION WITHOUT TO LOOK AT THE THING, OR, IF THEY HAVE9 WITHOUT USING THEIR SUPPLY OF COMMON SENSE. ON MoNDAY AFTERNOON, SEPTEMBER 5, ToM MEADOR, RICH LoosE, CAROL CARMAN, AND I VISITED THE BALCONY ROOM IN DRY CAvE, EDDY Co., N.M., wHERE wE DISCOVERED THE OFFENDING BOLT.(FIG. 1) (FIG. ll) ExPANSION SHIELD Fl GURE 1 NAIL (ANCHOR-SET) t" SHAN FORCE HANGER CARABINER ? EXPANSION ANCHOR AS FOUND IN DRY CAVE TOM HAD USED THIS BOLT ON PREVIOUS TRIPS CHUNK OF LIMESTONE. THE STAR DRYVIN ANCHOR USED HERE IS9 IN MY OPINION, ONE OF THE BEST THAT CAN BE USED IN CAVING, THIS SET UP, HOWEVER 9 HAD TWO THINGS WRONG WITH IT. THE STAR ANCHORS OF" THIS TYPE HAVE ONLY THREE PARTSI THE EXPANSION SHIELD, THE NAIL WHICH IS DRIVEN INTO THE SHIELD TO EXPAND AND SET I T 9 AND THE HANGER T O WHICH THE ROPE AND CARAAINERS ARE A TTACHED, NOTE THAT THE NAIL IS USED ONL Y TO PROVIDE THE POSITIVE EXPANSION WHDCH HOLDS THE SHIELD IN THE DRILLED HOLE. THE NAIL ITSELF CANNOT WITHSTAND MUCH OUTWARD PULL IT IS FOR THIS REASON THAT THE PROPER HANGERS HAVE A HOLE LARGE ENOUGH FOR THE SHANK OF THE SHIELD TO PASS THROUGH THEM, AND A PROPERLY PLACED BOLT WIL L LOOK LIKE THE ONE IN FIGURE 2. (FIGURE 2'\ FIGURE 2 OF Ex PANS 1 o N SHIELD THE PROPER EXPANSION ANCHOR PLACEMENT ILLUSTRATES HOLDING BY THE SHIELD. IT IS ESSENTIAL TO MAKE SURE THAT THE AS A LADDER ANCHOR AND BLANCHED NOTICEABLY WHEN I REMOVED THE HANGER WITH MY HANDS, ALBEIT ASSISTED SLIGHTLY WITH A SMALL HANGER IS HELD ON BY THE SH I ELD AND NOT SIMPLY BY THE NAIL, ESPECIALLY IN SITUATIONS LIKE THE ONE IN DRY CAVE 9

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THE TEXAS CAVER, OCTOBER9 1966 PAGE 123 WHERE THE BOLT W A S USED MOSTL Y A S A HAND-HOLD W ITH A D I RECT OUTWARD PULL. THIS BOL T WAS ALSO USED AS AN ANCHOR FOR ROPES AND LADDERS FOR A 20 FOOT DROP, BEC A USE OF THI S THE SECOND ERROR (THE USE OF A VERY POORLY DESIGNED H ANGER) BECOME S IMPORTANT, THIS K IND OF A HANGER I S NOT DESIRABLE BECAUSE A DOWNWARD F ORCE IN THE CAR ABINER HOLE (sEE F tG. 1) CREATES AN OUTWARD MOMENT (FORCE) AT THE ANCHOR, THIS I S E SPEC I ALLY Of SCONCERTING WHEN THE BOLT HAS BEEN I MPROPERLY INSTALLED, T H I S NAIL HAD A LRE A D Y W O RKED OUT O VER t-INCH WHEN WE D I SCOVERED IT. S I N C E EVEN PROPERL Y P LA CED BOLTS ARE MORE RESISTANT TO A SHEAR ING FORCE THAN A D I RECT OUT W ARD PU L L9 I T I S B ETTER TO USE A HANGER W ILL NOT G ENERATE ANY OUTWARD PULLING FORCES. SuCH HANGERS CAN EASILY BE MANUFACTURED FROM ALUMINUM ANGLE A S SHOWN IN FI G 2 THE C ARABI NER HOLE SHOULD BE DRI LLED AS CLOSE TO THE A NGLE AS POSSI BLE TO REDUCE THE OUTWARD MOMENT AT THE ANCHOR, THE PEOPLE WHO HAVE BEEN DOING THE WORK I N DRY CAVE ARE TO BE COMMENDED FOR KEEPING THE C AVE IN IT1S NATURAL STATE9 FOR NOT MARKING UP THE WALLS W ITH UNNECESSARY CARBIDE ARROWS AND FOR THE I R G ENERALLY GOOD H OUSEKEEPING. WISH TO APOLOG IZE TO THEM, BECAUSE THI S IRRESPONSI BLE BOLT FORCED ME T O DESECRATE THE C AVE. I T WAS I MPOSSIBLE FOR ME TO REMOVE THE EXPANS I ONSH I ELD ITSELF W I THOUT A HAMMER SO I WROT E TH E W ORD "UNSAFE" A C ROSS THE FORME R LOCATION O F THE BOLT I N THE HOPES THAT NO ONE WOULD SIMPLY I NSERT A N OTH E R H A NGER AND NAIL AND CONTnNUE T O USE IT. THE N E X T TIME I AM I N THE C A VE I W I LL TAKE A LONG A H A M MER, CHI SEL9 AND A W IRE BRUSH T O REMOVE BOTH THE SHIELD AND THE CARB IDE LETTERS, HoPEFULLY THE LARGE SC A R T HAT WILL RESUL T WILL BE LESS OFF ENS I VE TH A N THE LETTER ING. I T M A Y BE QUITE S OMETIME BEFoRE I RETURN TO A zEOT E A MES A AND I T WOULD BE QUITE N I CE IF THE PERSONS RESPONSI BLE FOR THE THOUGHTLESS BOLT COULD BE AT ME TO IT AND DO THE JOB, WHAT T Y PE OF EXPANSION ANCHORS SHOULD BE USED I N CAVES? MY OWN EXT ENS I VE PERSONAL EXPERIENCE, BOTH AS A TECHNICAL ROCK CLIMBER, MOUNTAINEER, AND VERTICAL CAVER, H A S CAUSED ME TO BECOME QUI TE B I A SED i N FAVOR OF THE 3/8 X 2 I NCH S TAR DRY V I N FOR GENERAL USE I N CAVES, (FI GURE 3) (A) STAR DRYV IN ANCHOR (B) RAWL STUD ANCHOR FIGURE 3 ILLUSTRATION SHOWING TWO TYPES OF EXPANSION A NCHORS MENTIONED. THE ONL Y C A REFUL STUDY OF BOLT HOLDING POWERS THAT I KNOW OF I S THE ONE M ADE BY Eo LEEPER (SuMMI T A P RiL, 1963, P. 1823) AND T HI S I S SE VEREL Y LIMITED BECAUSE ED HIMSELF STRESSES THAT THESE RESUL T S ARE APPLI CABLE ONLY TO BOLT S C A REFULL Y PLACED IN SOUND UNWEATHERED GRANITIC ROCKS THE A RTICLE SHOULD, HOWEVER9 BE READ B Y ALL THOSE I NTE R EST ED N T HE USE OF SOL TS. LEEPER' S ARTI CLE INDICATES THA T R A W L A NCHORS H A VE BETTER HOL D ING P OWERS THAN THE STAR A NCHORS W HEN F IRST PLACED I N SOUND ROCK. THE N A TURE OF HIS TESTS PRECLUDED ANY LONG TERM STUD Y (WHICH, I BELIEVE9 IS

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PAGE 124 THE TEXAS CAVER, OCTOBER, 1966 PRESENTLY UNDERWAY) AND IT IS ESPECIALLY NECESSARY FOR US TO CONSIDER THE DEGENERATtON OF THE HOLDING POWER OF BOLTS WITH TIME. THE RAWL ANCHORS (FIG. 3) ARE ESPECIALLY SUSCEPTABLE TO LOSS OF HOLDING POWER WITH TIME BECAUSE THE ONLY THING THAT HOLDS THE RAWL IN THE ROCK IS THE COMPRESSION OF THE SHEARED SHANK OF THE BOLT. SINCE THERE I S NO POSITIVE EXPANSION OF THE BOLT IN THE HOLE WHEN THE BOLT IS SET, AND BECAUSE OF METAL FATIGUE CAUSING THE SHEARED COMPRESSION BOLT TO RELAX WITHIN THE HOLE UNTI L IT ULTIMATELY HAS NO HOLD ING POWER WHATSOEVER, I FEEL THAT WE MUST NOT USE THE RAWL ANCHOR I N ANY SITUATION THAT REQU IRES REPEATED USE OF THE BOLT MONTH AFTER MONTH. THE COMPLICATED QUESTOON OF JUST HOW LONG A RAWL ANCHOR DOES RETAIN A USEFUL AND SAFE STRENGTH HAS NOT BEEN AND MAY NEVER BE ADEQUATELY ANSWERED, BUT THAT IT1S DECREASES MARKEDLY WITH T IME IS AN OBSERVED FACT. LEEPER1 S TESTS GO ON TO SHOW THAT ALTHOUGH THE STAR ORVVIN ANCHORS HAVE HOLDING THAN THE FRESHLY PLACED RAWL ANCHORS, THE 0RVVIN1S ARE SUPERIOR TO THE OTHERS TESTED, THERE IS NO REASON TO SUSPECT THAT THIS HOLDING POWER SHOULD BE SUSCEPTABLE TO DETERIORATION WITH TIME IF THERE ARE NO FREEZE/THAW EFFECTS, CRYSTAL WEDGING, OR IF THE STRENGTH OF THE ROCK I T SELF DO E S NOT D ET EO R I AT E. THERE ARE ALSO NO DATA ON THE LONG TERM STRENGTH OF A WELL-PLACED STAR 0RYVIN I N SOUND ROCK IN THE CAVE ENVI RONMENT; BUT I PERSONALLY FEEL THAT THE USEFUL L IFE WOULD BE MANY YEARS, PERHAPS EVEN DECADES. THE SOUNDNESS OF THE ROCK, ESPECIALLY IN CAVES, BECOME THE MAJOR PROBLEM IN THE USE OF BOLTS, ASSUMING THE ANCHOR IS OF GOOD DESIGN TO BEGI N WITH, SO,LID LIMESTONE ITSELF HAS EXCELLENT STRENGTH9 PROV IDED YOU CAN EXCAVATE THE CAVE WALL AND REACH UNWEATHERED, MASS I VE BEDROCK. FLOWSTONE IS UNTRUSTWORTHY AT BEST, BECAUSE ONE CAN NEVER BE SURE OF' HOW FORMLY I T I S ACTUALLY ATTACHED TO THE CAVE WALL. HIGH LY WEATHERED LIMESTONE OR A MICROSCOPIC LAVER OF MUD BENEATH CAN MAKE MASSiVE FLOWSTONE APPEAR DECEPTIVELY SOLID. You MUST ALSO BE SURE YOU ARE NOT PLACING THE BOLT iN A BLOCK THAT CAN BE P ULLED LOOSE FROM THE WALL, i N OTHER WARDS9 A T HOUGHFULL Y PLACED BOLT I N A CAVE CAN BE A VERY STRONG, RELIABLE THI NG. ETH ICALLY, WE MUST NOT PLACE A BOLT UNLESS WE REMOVE IT WHEN WE ARE FCNOSHED (THIS IS BOTH HARD WORK AND MAKES A SOGN I F I CANT SCAR); OR UNLESS WE MAKE IT SECURE ENOUGH SO THAT ALL WHO FOLLOW CAN HAVE A T LEAn A FA I R DEGREE OF CONF I DENCE I N I T IN PRACTICE9 ONLY THE MOST FOOL ISH INDIVIDUAL WiLL USE EVEN A NEWLY PLACED BOLT AS THE i R SOLE L INK BETWEEN LIFE AND DEATH. ALWAYS USE SOMETHING ELSE AS A BACK-UP ANCHOR WHEN USING A BOLT AS A PR IMARY ANCHOR FOR DROPS IN CAVES, IF THERE IS NOTHING ELSE TO USE9 SET TWO BOLTS AND USE THE SELF-EQUALI Z ING ANCHOR (SEE ANY BOOK OF CL IMBING KNOTS) SO THAT 80TH ANCHORS SHARE EQUALLY THE LOAD, REGARDLESS OF THE SHIFTING D IRECTION OF PULL OR G IVE IN THE ROPES, CoNT1D. PAGE BACK PROJECT PICTURES-OPPOSITE PAGE 7.) SoME PEOPLE HAC A PROBLEM W OTH THE NEW MEXICO WIND & TENTS (PHOT08 ROBINSON) 8.) GLORIA BURCH AND NORMAN ROBI NSON "HORRORS! You MEAN WE1 RE OUT O F G AS711 KuNATH) 9.) RoGER F oESELER CRAWLS THROUGH SOME PASSAGE T Y P I CAL TO PARTS OF THE HILL CAVES. (PHOTO & RoNNIE FIESELER) 10.) KUNATH) 11.) THE GUARD iAN OF THE GUADALUPES INA REAL WILDHODAG coAT (ANDY KoMENSK Y). (PHoTo8 ROBINSON) 12.) PART O F THE C AMP THAT WAS BUSSED BY THE TROUT1S PLANE {ToP PICTURE). (PHOT08 KUNATH ) GROTTOS & CLUBSI DECIDE NOW ON A GOO D LOCATION FOR THE 1967 TSA CONVENT! O N I

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THE TEXAS CAVER, OcTOBER, 1966

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PAGE 126 THE TEXAS CAVER, OCTOBER, 1966 S.W.R. T.S.A. BI-REGIONAL PROJECT: McKITTRICK HILL, NEW MEXICO PROJECT RESULTS IN A NUT SHELL: WEATHERS VERY NICE. Low 8 55; HIGH 8 95. APPROXIMATELY TAPED FOOTAGE& (AT ENDLESS CAVE 3895 McKITTRICK CAvE 4000 1 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 1 0. 11 12. 1 3. 14. 15. 16. 1 7. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. SAND 1 Ll TTLE SAND CAVE 300 DRV CAVE.ooooo 1 BoYo's CAvE 400 T.S.A. ATTENDANCE & REPRESENTATION s.w.R. RoNN 1 E F1 ESEL ER RoGER F1 ESELER Bl LL JONES Ml KE BALES LuTHER BuNDRANT 0LL ENE BUNDRANT MIKE BUNDRANT CARL KUNATH GLENDA KuNATH LEN LINDSAY TEMPlE LINDSAY JoN VINSON ToM MEADOR BuTCH SuMMAR WAYNE McCALL Ross FELTON CLAUDE HEAD DAVE HEAD GARY ANDERSON DAVID INCE DICK Goes Boa DuNN ToMMY MAsTERSON 0-FW CCCA ceCA ALAMO ALAMO ALAMO (SAN ANGELO) ( SAN ANGELO ) (SAN ANGELO) (SAN ANGELO ) TTSS (ELDORADO) ALAMO (SAN ANTONIO) ALAMO 0-FW (DALLAS) (DALLAS) (DALLAS) 0-FW 0-FW UTG RoY SPORE (DALLAs) B1 LL LAGOW (DALLAS) ART PIERCE (DALLAS) ToM HooPER (DALLAS) PAT RUDIWICK (SAN ANTONIO) PENNY ScRITCHIN (HousToN) EuGENE BLUM (HoUSTON) CARMI HosEPHSON (HousToN) NoRMAN Roe1 NSON TRACY JOHNSON JACK J. BURCH GLORIA BURCH RosA DEE CLEMENTs(HousToN) A. RICHARD SMITH TERRY RAINES PAM RAINES TERRY WATTS 0-FW 0-FW 0-FW D-FW UTG UTG UTG OR. ARTHUR H. HARRIS DEAN w. HoLLOWAY MICHAEL J. DREW ELLS RoLFS RAY McCLOUD ANov KoMENSKY D BELSKI RtcH LoosE CAROL CARMAN SANDRA DEAL Dw1 GHT DEAL J1 M EvATT CHUCK CARRARA REGGE Wt SEMAN JAMES HARDY ART DuNHAM PETER FRASER JULIE BABB PRICILLA A. BABB FRITZI H. REAY ELe ERT BASSHAM MATT THOMPSON JOHN J. CORCORAN RICHARD L. BREISCH JASON RICHARDS MAc DEETS CHARLOTTE RICHARDS DAVID ALBIN GEORGE Rl OLAND MARK RIDLAND CRAIG EDMUND NORMAN INGOLD JEAN J. INGOLD DENNIs Roe1 NSON JUDI ROB! NSON SANDY SzERL 1 P KEN HARRINGTON "CROOKED THUMB" DEAL Boa TROUT (PLANE) JERRY TROUT(PLANE) ( EL PASO) WSG WSG WSG WSG (CARLSBAD) (RoSWELL) (ALBUQUERQUE) (ALBUQUERQUE) SANDI A SANDI A (ALBUQUERQUE) PVG (ROSWELL) SANDIA SANCIA SANDIA (ALBUQUERQUE) (ALBUQUERQUE) (ALBUQUERQUE) ( EL PASO) ( EL PASO) SANDI A (RoSWELL) (ALBUQUERQUE) (RoSWELL) (ALBUQUERQUE) (ALBUQUERQUE) PVG PVG (So coRa) PSC/WSG PSC/WSG PSC PSC SANDIA (RoSWELL) (ALBUQUERQUE) (CARLSBAD) (CARLSBAD) 01 D YOU MEET SOME 'NEW FRIENDS AT THE MAYBE THIS LIST OF CAVERS WILL HELP YOU TO RECALL THEIR NAMES AND HOME TOWN OR GROTTO. POWELLVS CAVE, TEXAS, IS STILL LONGER THAN ALL OF THE HILL CAVES TOGETHER!

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THE TEXAS CAVER, OCTOBER, 1966 PAGE 127 I NEWS I ALAMO GROTTO, N.S.S.i THE MONTHS OF AuGUST AND SEPT EMBER SAW A LOT OF ACTIVITY FOR THE ALAMO GROTTO. AuGUST MEETING WAS HELD AT THE HOME OF CoRTNEY AND HELOA PENN I NGTON. A PROGRAM OF MEXICO SLIDES WERE SEEN BY THE GROUP. SEPTEMBER'S MEETING WAS HELD AT OR. THAD HOWARDS WITH A PROGRAM ON SHARK FISHING AND A WATER MELON CUTTING AND EATEN COUNTRY STYLE. THE GROTTO'S CAVE D I GGING IS STI LL GOING ON. WE PRACTICALLY HAVE A DO IT YOURSELF JOB. MIKE 0oRUM9 KENNY KARSK I E AND DR. HOUSMAN VISO TED THE S TULUNG RANCH ON SEVERAL LEADS. BUTCH SOMMER AND Ross FELToN WENT To CENTURY CAvERNS AND EXPLORED DEA D MAN9S PASSAGE. SoME PIT CAVING WENT ON AND VISITS T 0 GROCER'S SINK, SA VER SINKg KLAR CAVEg AND FAIRHOLE. AFTER TWO WET RUNS TO HONEY CREEK IT WAS FINALLY SEEN B V THE ALAMO GROTTO AND THE SAN ANTONIO AS THEY TEAMED UP TO BRAVE THE COLD DARK WATERS. FIFTEEN SOULS DONED INTERTUBES AND STARTED PADDL ING. LEI LSON WILSON AND THAD HowARD LET THE ALAMO GROUP WITH BETH WILSON CoRTNEY AND HILDA PENNINGToN, WAYNE RussELL AND D AVID GREY. LEILSON WILSON AND D AVID GRAY C ONTINUED ON PAST THE WATERFA L L AND BREAKDOWN BUT WAS F ORCED TO RETURN DUE TO L ACK OF AIR SPACE ABOVE THE WATER. THE SAN ANTONI O GROUP WAS LED BY MIKE DORUM AND V I NCE 0RUD ING WIT H J I M WELDON, DouG NuNNELLY, JIM SuEss, PAT PREJ EAN, PAUL HANKE AND JOHN CVRA THE WILSONS AND THE PENN INGTON'S SAW COCKSCREW THI S PAST MONTH. EvERETT AND BERNADINE RHOADES HAVE LEFT US FOR THEIR OLD STOMPING GROUNDS OF OKLA E V ERETT IS OUT OF THE MILITARY NOW AND HE AND FAMILY HAVE HEADED BACK T O THE RESERVATI ON. BEST OF LUCK T O THEM ALW AYS! GRoTTo AooRESS8 107 ToMAHAWK TRAIL S A N ANTONIO, TEX A S DALLAS-FORT WORTH GROTT09 N.S. S g NoT MUCH C AVING I N D ALLAS AREA SINCE THE PROJECT. LEE SKI NNERg L ARRY AND L01 S REG I STER9 ELLEN AND JIM GOODBAR M ADE A TRIP TO COTTONWOOD CAvE, NEw MExico. THEY REPORTED A QUANTITY OF FRESH MUD AND WATER I N THE CAVE. NEW GROTTO OFFICERS ARE& CHAIRMAN CARL JoHNSoN; VICE CHAIRMAN 01 CK MooRE; SECRETARY KATHERINE GOODBAR; TREASURER DAVID INCE. WE JUST LOST ONE ON O U R MORE A C TIVE GROTTO MEMBERS--DAVE RICHARDSON. 0AVE9 WHO NOW WORKS FOR CORNING GLASS, REPORTS THAT 11HOME (DANVILLE, VIRGINIA) I S ABOUT 60 MILES AWAY FROM SOME O F THE MINOR CAVES AND 100-120 MILES AWAY FROM SOME OF THE GOING EAST VIA THE WEST9 DAVE GOT TO VISIT BOTH WINO AND JEWELL C AVES. A SPECIAL ELITE CAVING GROUP OF TH E IS UNDER CONSIDERATION-THE 11ARMCHAI R KAVERS11 o THE FOUR 0-FWG MEMBERS WHO H AVE H A D HERNIA OPERATIONS THIS YEAR HAVE ALREADY QUALIFIED. MEMBERSHIP WILL REMAIN OPEN??????? GROTTO ADDRESS& 6621 S U NNYLAND LANE DALL A S9 TEXAS 75214 UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS GROTTO N .S.S. IN AuGUST JAMES REDDELL, JoHN F ISH, DAVID McKENZIE9 AND R ICHARD M. SMI TH LEFT FOR MEXICO ON AN EXTENSIVE COLLECTING TRIP. A GYP S U M AREA NEAR MATEHUALA9 SOUTH OF SALTILLO, W A S THEIR F I RST STOP. THEY THE N SPENT SEVERA L DAVS ON THE ROAD BETWEEN S A N Lui S PoTOSI AND VALLES AT VALLE DE LOS F A NTASMO S THEY FOUND A COVERED KARST AREA9 WHICH IS NOW BEING UNCOVERED. ONE SOTANC1 WAS EXPLO RED TO THE END OF A 275 FOOT ROPE WIT H N O BOTTOM IN SIGHT (WATER R U NS IN THE ENTRANCE). THE N EXT A RE A VISITED W A S THE MOUNTAIN A REA W ES T OF JALPAN ( wEST O F XILITLA) WHERE SEVERAL C AVES WERE FOUND. PuENT E DE 0IOS I S A CAVE THROUGH WHI C H THE RIO JALPAN PASSES FOR PERHAPS TWO MILES. C UEVA DE LOS R1 SCOS CONS I STS M AINLY OF A 500 LOOT LONG 60 FOOT DIAMETER P ASSAGE9 THE FLOOR OF WHI C H LIE S F EET BELOW THE R I O J A LPAN WHICH SURGES P A S T THE ENTRANCE. D AVID AND CONT9D. ON BACK

PAGE 12

THE TEXAS CAVER 4612 WATAUGA RoAD DALLAS, TEXAS 75209 OFFICIAL PUBLICATION OF THE TExAs SPELEOLOGICAL AssoctATtoN NATIONAL SPELEOLOGICAL SOCIETY (RETURN POSTAGE GUARANTEED) PR I NTEO MATTER GROTTO NEWS CONTINUED8 RICHARD RETURNED T O AUST I N WHILE JAMES AND ,JoHN T RAVELED SOUTH TO MEXICO C ITY WHERE THEY WERE MET BY JANIE REDDELL, WHO FLEW IN. AFTER SEVERAL DAYS OF VISITING SOME OF THE FAMOUS GRUTAS OF MEXICO -CACAHUAMILPA, JUXTLAHUACA, LA ESTRELLA -AND A DAY SPENT AT ACAPULCO, THEY RETURNED HOME, CoLLECTING WISE9THE BETTLES WERE TREMENDOUSLY EXCI TING. THREE NEW SPECIES THE VERY RARE MEXIS-PHODROUS, A RARE RHADINE, AND THESECOND AND THBRD RECORDED SPECIES OF BLIND CAVE BEETLE (IN MEXICO) WERE FOUND, OCTOBER 27 JAMES AND JANIE REDDELL BID F AREWELL AND DEPARTED FOR THE UN I VERSt TV OF' KENTUCKY WHERE JAMES HAS ENTERED THE GRADUATE SCHOOL TO STUDY UNDER OR, ToM BARR. AT ouR LAST MEETING BILL RusSELL AND A. RICHARD SM!TH JOINTLY PROPOSED THAT JAMES BE M ADE A L I F E M EMBER 0 F' THE UT G--WH I C H WAS UNANIMOUSLY ACCEPTED. WE ALL THANK JAMES FOR THE ORGANIZATION OF INFORMATION HE BROUGHT TO TEXAS CAVING. THE CLUB PLANS TO BUY MORE MAPPING EQUIPMENT, MORE ROPE AND L I BRARY MATERIALS, TERRY RAINES, TERRY PLEMMONS(RETURNED FROM THE PEACE CoRP IN INDIA) JuDY SusTARE, JEANNE W !GGINS, AND ANDY TRACY WENT TO BUSTAMANTE. THE AMCS BULLETIN IS COMING ALONG (AS ALWAYS) IT IS A TREMENDOUS AMOUNT OF WORK COLLECTING ALL OF THE INFORMATION, GROTTO ADDRESS8 Box 7672 UT STATtON AusTtN9 TExAs 78712 T08 PROJECT UNDER THE H iLL CONTINUED FROM PAGE 1208 THE NEXT MORNING MOST TSA TYPES HAD TO HEAD FOR HOME, A L A ST MINUTE CENSUS OF THE REMAINING FEW REVEALED THAT THEY PLAN NED TO WORK AS LONG AS THEY WERE THERE SO THE BEST MAY BE VET TO COME. FOR EXAMPLE9 JOHN CoRCORAN LEFT FOR 0Rv CAvE THE MORNING OF THE 4TH AND WASNT BACK B V 10g00 AM THE MORNING OF THE WE SHOULD ALSO TAKE NOTE OF THE PERSONS WHO WERE DASHING BACK AND FORT H TO CARLSBAD DURING THE PROJECT AND PROCURING SUCH VITAL NECESSITIES AS ICE, FOOD9 TOILET TISSUE9 ETC. ETC, THANKS9 YOU THE END HOW TO KiLL YOUR FRIENDS CONT I NUED FROM PAGE 124g IN EXPANS ION ANCHORS ARE QUITE SAFE IF PROPERLY I NSTA!.. LED9 BUT SHOULD NEVER BE USED ALONE WITHOUT SOME SORT OF BACK=UP. I F YOU iNSTALL A BOLT9 ESPECIALLY ONE THAT NOT BE REMOVED (MOST GOOD BOLTS ARE PERMANENT) YOU ARE MORALLY OBLIGrnD T O SEE THAT IT WILL BE SAFE FOR MANY Y E ARS TO COME AND THAT ITS !"HYSICAL LOCAT ION IS CHOSEN FOR BOTH STRENGTH AND C ONVENIENCE OF USE, AND F'l NALLY, THE USE OF EXPANSION ANCHORS IS NOT ALL THA T COMPLICATED I F WILL ONLY USE YOUR HEAD AND TH l NK ABOUT WHAT YOU ARE DOING. iHE END Wr LD HODAG COAT ll t SEE P, 125. ALso BATMAN I You SAw r T F t RST 1 N THE TEXAS CAVER WATCH FOR A NOTICE TO GROTTOS AND CLUBS FOR B.O.G. MEETING, ELECTION OF OFFICERS!


Description
Contents: Project
under the hill / L. B. Lowe & C Kunath --
Pictures one through six --
How to kill your friends / Dwight Deal --
Pictures seven through twelve --
Bi-regional project, attendance & representation --
Grotto news.


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