Citation
The Texas Caver

Material Information

Title:
The Texas Caver
Series Title:
The Texas Caver
Creator:
Texas Speleological Association
Publisher:
Texas Speleological Association
Publication Date:
Language:
English

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Regional Speleology ( local )
Technical Speleology ( local )
Genre:
Newsletter
serial ( sobekcm )
Location:
United States

Notes

General Note:
Contents: The cave-associated salamanders of Texas / James Reddell -- Salamander picture -- At the hill and points beyond / Ronnie Fieseler -- Speleological Society of Amerca excerpted / K. Goodbar -- New rock drill -- A historical grotto meeting and letter to the TSA -- Index -- "The Life of the Cave" / review by K. Goodbar -- Texas Speleological Association B.O.G. meeting 11/13/66 -- Grotto news.
Restriction:
Open Access - Permission by Publisher
Original Version:
Vol. 11, no. 12 (1966)
General Note:
See Extended description for more information.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
K26-04507 ( USFLDC DOI )
k26.4507 ( USFLDC Handle )
10666 ( karstportal - original NodeID )
0040-4233 ( ISSN )

USFLDC Membership

Aggregations:
Karst Information Portal

Postcard Information

Format:
Serial

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Full Text

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1966 \'Cl.Xl

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VOLLME X I NUMBER 12 0EC EMS ER, 1966 COVER: THIS IS JUST ABOUT THE CLOSEST THING WE COULD COME ACROSS FOR A CHRI TREE DOO-DAD FOR THE CHRI SEASON qOVER. THIS ARAGONITE WAS FOUND IN ENNIS CAVE, ARKANSAS. LINDSLEY; NIKON F, 35MM @F/16; KB-14 FILM). CONTENTS: PAGE: 147 THE CAVE ASSO CIATED SALAMANDERS OF TEXAS BY JAMES REDDELL 149 SALAMANDER PICTURE 150 AT THE H I LL AND PoiNTS BEYOND BY RoNNIE FIESELER 152 SPELEOLOGICAL SociETY OF AMERICA ExcERPTED sY: K. GooDBAR 153 NEw RocK DRI LL 1 5 4 A H ISTORICAL GROTTO MEETING AND LETTER TO THE TSA 155 INDEX THE L IFE OF THE CAVE REVIEW sY: K. GooDBAR 159 TEXAS SPELEOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION B O .G. MEETING 11/13/66 162 GROTTO NEWS THE TEXAS CAVER Is A MONTHLY PUBLICATION OF THE TEXAS SPELEOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION AND I S PUBL I SHED IN DALLAS, TEXAS. MATERIAL FOR PUBLICATION SHOULD BE TYPED DOUBLE SPA CED AND SENT TO THE EDITOR NO LATER THAN THE 1sT OF THE MONTH OF ISSUE. THIS PUBLICATION IS EXCHANGED WITH OTHER SIMILAR PUBL ICATIONS OR SUBSCRIPTION,. IS $3.00 PER YEAR FOR 12 ISSUES (C) 1966 BY THE TEXAS CAVER SEE PAGE 158 E D I TOR . PETE LINDSLEY ASSIS TAN T EDITOR CHUCK LARSEN ARTWORK . NORMAN ROBINSON T Y P 1ST........... JACKLYN Ros 1 NSON GRoTTO NEws EDITOR BERT OLSEN PHoTo TIPS EDITOR . CARL KuN ATH CuRRENT EvENTS EDITOR JIM ESTE S LITHOGRAPHER BRYANT LILLY AssEMBLY GLORI A AND JACK BuRCH NOTE : ALL MONEY AND QUEST IONS FOR SUBSCRIPTIONS OR RENEWALS SHOULD BE SENT TO THE EDITORS P .O.BOX 143 ; ABILENE, TEXAS 79604, ALL GROTTO AND CLUB NEWS SHOULD B E SENT TO THE GROTTO NEWS EDITOR: P.O.Box 143; ABILENE, TEXAS 79604. OFFICERS OF THE TEXAS SPELEOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION FOR THE CURRENT YEAR ARE: CHAIRMAN . CARL KUNATH V IcE CHAIRMAN . BILL RussELL SEcRETARY-TREASURER OLLENE BuNDRANT 107 ToMAHAWK TRAIL SAN ANTONIO, TExAS 78132

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THE TEXAS CAVER, DECEM BER, 196 6 PAGE 147 SALAMANDERS THE SALAMANDERS OF TEXAS E I GHT DESCRIBED SPECIES OF SALAMANDER HAVE BEEN RECORDED IN TEX AS CAVES. Two OF THESE ARE K NOWN ONLY FROM ONE TEXAS CAVE, NEUVILLE CAvE, I N SHELBY CouNTY, NEAR THE LOUISIANA BORDER. TH I S CAVE IS FORMED IN SANDSTONE, IS ABOUT 200 FEET AND HAS A STREAM FLOWING THROUGH IT. THESE TWO SPECIES, 0ESMOGNATHUS FUSCUS BRI MLEYORUM AND EURYCEA QUADRIDIGITTATA, REACH THE WESTERN LIMITS OF THEIR RANGE IN EAST TEXAS. A THIRD SPECIES WHICH IS R ARE IN TEXAS CAVES I S THE T I GER DER AMBYSTOMA TIGRINUM. ALTHOUGH OTHER SPECIES OF THI S GENUS OCCUR IN EASTERN TEXAS AND MAY APPEAR I N CAVES THERE, THIS IS THE ONLY SPECIES FOUND IN T H E MORE WEST ERN PARTS OF THE STAT E. I T H A S BEEN COLL ECTED IN OF THE EASTERN UNITED STATES. A VERY 01 ST I NCT SPECIES, I T I S MARKED BY YELLOW SPOTS ON A BLACK, BROWN, OR DARK G REEN BACKGROUND. IT H A S AN AQUAT I C LAR VAL STAGE, USUALLY TRANSFORM ING T O A TERRESTRIAL FORM. IT DOES OCCAS I ONALLY MATURE WHILE I N THE LARVAL STAGE AND FA ILS TO TRANSFORM (A CONDITION COMMONLY CALLED NEOTENY). IN TEXAS TH I S SPECI ES IS REPORTED ONLY F R O M RtvER STvx CAvE, NEAR GuTHRIE, IN KIN G COUNTY. IT W ILL PROBABLY BE FOUND I N MANY OF THE CAVES OF NORTHWEST TEXAS AND POSSIBLY OTHER AREAS OF THE N ORTHERN AND WESTERN EDWARDS PLATEAU. THE MOST ABUNDANTLY OCCURRING S PEC IES OF SALAMANDER IN TEXAS CAVES THE SL I M Y PLETHODON GLUTINOSUS ALBAGUL A THIS SPECIES IS UNIQUE AMONG THE S A LAMANDERS I NHABITING TEXAS CAVES I N THAT I T DOES N O T HAVE AN AQUA T I C LARV A L STAGE. T H I S STAGE I S PASSED IN THE EGGS, WHICH ARE USUALL Y DEPOSITED AMONG ROCKS OR ON THE WALLS OF CAVES. IN COLOR IT I S USUALLY BLACK W I TH ROWS OF WHITE S POTS ALONG THE S IDES. YOUNG I N D I V I DUALS OR SPECI MENS TAKEN ALONG THE BALCONES FAULT ZoNE MAY HAVE FEW OR NO SPOTS. COMMONLY FOUND AMONG B REAKDOWN OR I N CREV ICES NEAR CAVE BYg JAMES REDDELL ENTRANCES THIS SPECIES HAS BEEN FOUND IN MORE REMOTE PORTIONS OF CAVES. CLASSIFIED AS A TROGLOPHILE OR TROGLOXENE I T IS OCCASIONALLY FOUND IN DARK DAMP PLACES OUTSIDE OF CAVES THE E XACT LIMITS OF THE RANGE OF THIS SPECIES IN TEXAS I S NOT VERY WELL KNOWN. IT WAS DESCR I BED FROM A CAVE IN COMAL COUNTY AND HAS SINCE BEEN TAKEN IN CAVES AT LEAST AS FAR WEST AS REAL CouNTY SPECIMENS FROM CAVES ARE VERY DESIRABLE, ESPECI ALLY FROM THE SAN SABA REGION AND I N WESTERN PARTS OF THE EDWA RDS PLATEAU. THE GENUS EuRYCEA ts REPRESENTED ON THE EDWARDS PLATEAU BY SEVEN DESCRIBED SPECIES, FOUR OF WHICH ARE TROG LOBITIC. THIS GROUP O F SAL A MANDERS I S PROBABLY REPRESENTATIVE OF A W IDE-SPREAD GROUP OF TERRESTRIAL SALAMANDERS INHABITING ALL OF TEXAS DURING THE PLEISTOCENE. As DRYING ON THE EDWARDS PLATEAU OCCURRED THESE ANIMALS WHICH BECAME ADAPTED TO AN EXCLUSIVELY AQUATIC ENVI ROMENT (I.E. BECAME NEOTENIC) SURV IVED. THESE NOW INHABIT ONLY SPRINGS AND CAVES. THE F I RST CAVE SALAMANDER TO BE DESCR I BED FROM TEXAS EMERGED FROM THE U. S. F I SH HATCHERY WELL IN SAN MARCOS I N 1896. DESCRIBED AS TYPHL O MOLGE RATHBUN IT RECEIVED CONS I DERABLE ATTENTION AS THE MOST LIGHLY EVOLVED OF ALL CAVE SPECIES OF SALAMANDER. ITS DEPRESSED SNOUT SLENDER ELONGATED LEGS, AND MINUTE DEEPLY BURIED EYES MADE I T THE MOST DISTINCTIVE AND EASILY IDENTIFIA BLE OF THE TRUE CAVE SALAMANDERS OF TEXAS. SINCE ITS ORI G INAL D I SCOVER Y I T HAS BEEN FOUND IN EzELL's CAvE, WoNDER CAvE, AND JOHNSON9S WELL, ALL PART OF THE PURGATORY CREEK S Y STEM I N SAN MARCOS. AN INTERESTING ACCOUNT OF THIS SPECIES HAS BEEN I NCLUDED IN BuLLETI N 10 oF THE NSS. STuDY BY

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PAGE 148 THE TEXAS CAVER, DECEMBER, 1966 M iTCHELL AND REDDELL IN 1965 INDi CATED TH A T TYPHLOMOLGE RATHBUN! WAS PROB A BLY ONL Y AN UNUSUALLY D ISTINCT MEMBER OF THE GENUS EuRVCEA AND WAS TRANSFERRED TO THAT GENUS. THE SECOND CAVE SPECIES TO BE DESCRI BED WAS FOUND IN 1946 IN CASCADE CAvERNS, KENDALL CouNTY. THtS SPEC! ES TO EuRVCEA LAT I T ANS, FOLLOWED THE DESCRIPTION OF TWO SPECIES OF E P I GEAN NEOTENIC EURVCEA NEOTENES FROM A SPRING NORTH OF HELOTES IN BEXAR COUN TY AND E. NANA FROM THE HEADWATERS OF THE SAN MARCOS RtVER I N SAN MARcos). A TH IRD SPECIES, E. WAS DESCRi BED I N 1951 FROM FERN B ACK SPRI NGS I N HAYS CouNTY. THESE THREE SURFACE SPECIES ARE DEFI N iTELY KNOWN ONL Y FROM THESE L O C ALiTOES, RECORDS OF EURYCEA NEOTENES FROM LOCAL I T IES THROUGH-OUT T HE EDWARDS PLATEAU SHOULD BE CONS I DERED QUESTIONABLE, IT HAS BEEN RECORDED FROM SEV ERAL CAVES, BUT I N EAC H INSTANCE SPECI MENS FROM T HE CAV E HAVE BEEN STUDIED AND F OUND TO BE UNDESCR I BED SPECIES, EUR Y CEA LA T ITANS IS MORE SLENDER WITH LONGER LEGS AND SMALLER EVES THAN THE S URFACE SPECIES, BUT I T DOES NOT APPROACH THE H IGH DEGREE OF A D A P TATION WHICH SOME OF THE OTHER CAV E SPECIES HAVE UNDERGONE. RECORDS O F E. LATITANS FROM THE CENTURY CAVERNS DEAD MAN's CAvE SYSTEM MUST BE D I SREG A RDED UNT I L SPECI MENS ARE AVA I LABLE FOR STUD Y SALAMANDERS FROM OTHER CAVES I N THE SAME VI C INITY HAV E PRO VEN T O BELONG TO AN SPEC IES. T HE THIRD TROGLOB I T I C SALAMANDER TO B E DES C RIBED FROM TEXA S WAS FOUND i N 1957 BY KEN BAKER I N VALD INA FARMS S iNKHOLE, MEDINA CouNTY, AND DESC R I BED AS EUR V CEA TROGLODYTES. I N THIS D IFFI CULT CAVE I T INHABITS POOLS FLOORED W I TH GUANO, SMALL CRU ST A CEA LIV I N G ON THE G U ANO MAY VER Y WELL SUPPLY I T WITH A MAJOR SOURCE OF FOOD. BAKER POSTULATED THA T H I S S PEC! ES M IGHT REPRESENT A FORM INTERMEDIATE BETWEEN E. LATJTANS AND E RAT H BUN!. THE E YES-OF E. T ROGLODYTES ARE USUAL LY COV ERED WITH SKIN AND ARE MUCH SMALLER THAN E. LATITANS, THE LEGS ARE ALSO LONGER AND, IN SEVERAL OTHER RESPECTS, IT IS OF AN INTERMEDIATE NATURE. THE Dl SCOVERV OF A FOURTH TROGLOBITIC SPECIES IN 1965 BY MITCHELL AND REDDELL WAS OF CONSIDERABLE INTEREST AS REPRESENTATIVE OF AN EVEN MORE CLEARLY INTERMEDIATE FORM. THIS SPECJ Es, EuRVCEA TRIDENTIFERA, WAS FOUND IN HONEY CREEK WATER CAvE IN CoMAL CouNTY AND IS VERY CLOSELY RELATED TO E. RATHBUN!, BUT STILL SHOWS CHARACTERS TIEl NG IT TO THE OTHER TEXAS [URVCEA, f TRIDENTIFERA IS COMPLETELY BLIND, WITH LENSES ABSENT FROM THE EVE AND THE EVES DEEPLY BURl ED BENEATH THE SKIN IN HONEY CREEK WATER CAVE IT INHABITS A LARGE STREAM ON THE BOTTOM OF WHICH IT MAY USUALLY BE FOUND RESTING OR SLOWLY MOVING ACROSS THE SILT, IT IS NOT KNOWN ON WHAT IT FEEDS, BUT IT MAY ITSELF SERVE AS A MAJOR FOOD SOURCE FOR SURFACE CRAYFISH WHICH INHABIT THE CAVE. SEVERAL SALAMANDERS HAVE BEEN FOUND LACKING LEGS OR PARTS OF TAILS AND THEIR GENERAL HABITS SEEM TO I NDI GATE THAT THEY HAVE LEARNED TO ESCAPE CRAVFI SH. DURING THE LAST YEAR AN ATTEMPT HAS BEEN MADE TO OUTLINE THE DISTRIBUTION OF THE CAVE SALAMANDERS OF TEXAS, THIS HAS RESULTED IN THE COLLECTION OF SPECIMENS FROM MOST PARTS OF THE EDWARDS PLATEAU. IN THIS COLLECTION ARE AT LEAST THREE UNDESCRIBED FORMS, WHICH ARE NOW BEING DESCRIBED, ANYONE WHO SEES SALAMANDERS IN CAVE STREAMS IN TEXAS IS URGED TO RECORD THEIR PRESENCE AND TO REPORT IT TO ME, COLLECTION OF THESE Is VERY STRONGLY Dl SCOURAGED. THESE ANIMALSA'RE EXTREMELY RARE IN MOST CAVES AND THE POSSIBILITY OF MAKING THEM IMPOSSIBLE TO FIND OR CONCEIVABLY BRINGING ABOUT THEIR EXTINCTION IS VERY GREAT. IF ENTRY INTO THE CAVE IS LIKELY TO BE RESTRICTED IN THE FUTURE OR THE CAVE IS IN DANGER OF BEING CLOSED COLLECTION OF THE SALAMANDERS WOULD BE DESIRABLE, ARE PROPERLY PRESERVED AND THE SPECIMENS MADE AVAILABLE TO STUDY, CoNTINUED PAGE 161

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THE TEXAS 0ECE.MBE8, 1966 PAGE 149 [URYCEA TRIDENTIFERA, BLIND CAVE SALAMANDER FROM HoNEY CREEK WATER CAvE, CoMAL CouNTY, TExAs. (PHoTo sY: RosERT MITCHELL) I \ Pardon me sir, do you mind directing us to the BAT room?

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PAGE 150 THE TEXAS CAVER, DECEMBER, 1966 AT T H E H I L L AND RoGER FtESELER, BtLL JoNEs, M IKE BALES AND MYSELF ARRIVED AT McKtTTRICK HtLL AsouT NooN oN AuGUST 29TH A SATURDAY. WE HAD STOPPED FOR A LOOK AT BOYDS CAVE ON THE WAY IN. AFTER SETTING UP CAMP AND RESTIN G FOR A WHILE, WE WENT INTO ENDLESS CAvE. RoGER AND I LED THE wAY TO THE WARcLus RooM WHERE MIKE AND I TOOK SOME PICTURES. WE EMERGED FOUR HOURS LATER AND G O T SOME MUCH NEEDED SLEEP. WE HAD DRIVEN ALL FR IDAY NIGHT WITH ONL Y A 11CAVER-NAP11 HERE AND THERE ALONG THE WAY. SUNDA Y MORNING WE READIED OURSELVES FOR A MAPP ING TRI P TO DRY CAVE. WE MADE IT AS FAR A S THE BALCONY RoO M WHEN M IKE BECAM E T HE VICTIM OF A SL IGHT ACCI DENT AND SUFFERED SOME BRUISES WHEN HE LOST HIS BALANCE AND FELL ON SOME GRAVEL (ROCKS HE LATER CALLED THEM!). M I KE DECI DED HE HAD BETTER REST THE REMAINDER OF THE DAY AT CAV1P. AFTER COMING OUT OF DRY, WE FOUND A C RYPT I C MESSAGE (oR WARN ING) A TTACHED TO OUR FORD PICKUP. IT READ "Gooo CAVI NG. ANDY KoMENSKY. CARLSBAD." WE DROVE SLOWLY SACK TO CA"VIP, WARY O F AN AMBUSH. AT CAMP WE SAW WHAT WE TOOK T O BE THIS KOMENSKY PERSON1S P I CKUP P A RKED JUST BELOW OUR CAMP. DECIDING THAT HE WAS PROB ABLY I N ENDLESS CAVE WE PAT I ENTLY W A O TED ABOUT TWO HOURS LATER WE SAW THREE PEOPLE LEAVE THE CAVE. RUSHED DOWN TO GREET KOMENSKY, BUT I NST EAO I FO UNO MYSELF AMONG VANDALS! AN INTERESTING CONVERSA TION F OLLOWED THEY ASKED ABOUT CAVES AND FORMATION A R EAS I L IED TO THEM THEY ONLY KNEW O F ENDLESS. 11THAT WAS ALL I KNEW ABOUT TOO, E XCEPT FOR C A V E 1 WAY OFF YONDER,' 11 LEFT AND, F OOL THA T I WAS, A TINY THEY I FAILED T O GET A NAME OR L ICENSE PLATE NUMBER. HoWEVER ANDY AND OTHERS HAVE THE DESCRIPTION OF T HE VANDALS AND THEIR PICKUP, AND WILL LOOK FOR THEM I N CARLSBA D. I WAS UNA W ARE THAT McK 1 TT R I CK H I L L V ANDALS COULD NOW BE PROSECUTE D. L ATE R THA T EVEN ING, RoGER, BtLL, AND I WENT SACK INTO DRY FOR A LOOK ARO U ND. RoGER AND I LEO BILL BACK TO THE GRAND CANYON BE FORE WE TURNED BACK. BA CK A T C AMP, M I K E HAD P 0 I N T S BEYOND BY: RoNNIE FtESELER BATTLED WINO AND RAIN WHILE WE WERE GONE, FROM THIS DAY ON, IT EITHER RAINED OR DRIZZLED EVERY EVENING. BEFORE GOING TO SED WE DECIDED TO GO To CoTTONWOOD CAvE oN MoNDAY. NEXT MORNING WE OBTAINED THE KEY TO THE GATE IN COTTONWOOD AT THE RANGER1S OFFICE IN CARLSBAD AND LATER FOUND OURSELVES AT THE CAVE. WE CARRIED CAVING GEAR, CAMPING EQUIPMENT, AND FOOD INTO THE ENTRANCE HALL. MAK ING A HASTY CAMP WE THEN STARTED INTO THE CAVE. THE CAVE WAS NEW TO ALL OF us, BUT I HAD STUDIED A MAP OF THE CAVE AND KNEW I COULD FIND MY WAY AROUND, WE WORKED OUR WAY PAST THE MASSIVE FORMATIONS AND ON DOWN, DOWN, DOWN THE SAND SLOPE TO THE GATE. WE WENT ON THROUGH THE GATE AND INTO THE GYPSUM HALL. AT THIs POINT RoGER AND BILL DECIDED THAT THEY PREFERRED A SLEEPING SAG TO THE COLO OF THE CAVE AND SO RETURNED TO THE CAMP. MIKE AND I CONTINUED TO THE TERMINAL ROOM BEFORE TURNING SACK. WE HAD EACH TAKEN A ROLL OR TWO OF PICTURES. TuESDAY MORNING wE LEFT CoTToNwooD AFTER A CHILLY NIGHT UNDERGROUND AND WENT SACK TO THE HILL. ROGER AND MIKE WENT INTO ENDLESS WHILE BILL AND I HIKED OVER TO McKITTRICK AND SAND CAVES FOR A LOOK AROUND. WEDNESDAY MORNING BILL AND I HIKED AROUND THE WEST SIDE OF THE HILL LOOKING FOR RATTLESNAKES (1 WANTED A HATBAND) AND CAVE ENTRANCES. WE FOUND NEITHER. THAT EVENING WE MAPPED SOME OF McKITTRICK CAvE. I SET A PERMANENT (1) STATION AT THE ENTRANCE IN THE LARGE SINK. WE MAPPED UP TO THE UPPER ENTRANCE AND DOWN ONE SIDE PASSAGE. ON THURSDAY NO ONE FELT LIKE GOING CAVING BUT ME, I DECIDED TO GO FOR A HIKE INSTEAD AND WALKED IN A HUGE Cl RCLE, ENJOY! NG THE HIKE GREATLY. I FOUND NO SNAKES, BUT FOUN D A DEAD COW WITH HUNDREDS OF BUZZARDS CIRCLING AROUND, TWO SMALL CAVES (oNE ABOUT TEN FEET DEEP, THE OTHER ABOUT 25 FEET DEEP), A MIDDEN OR COOKING PIT, AND NUMEROUS OVERHANGS OR SHELTERS. I ARRIVED SACK IN CAMP JUST I N TIME TO SEE A TAN JEEP COME ROARING ALONG THE ROAD; IT WAS APPROACHING AT AN UN BEL IEVABL E SPEED! IT CAME IN FOR A

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T HE TEXAS CAVER, 1966 PAGE 151 LANDING NEAR OUR TRUCK AND WE SAW THE AWSOME FDGURE OF ToM MEADOR LEAP OUT. AFTER EXCHANG ING GREET INGS, STOR IES, AND I NFORMA T ION TOM J ODNED US FOR SUPPER. WE TALKED FAR INTO THE N I GHT. FRIDAY MORNING, ToM WENT INTO CARLSBAD TO DIG UP SOME H I STORY ON THE H ILL, AND WE JOURN IED TO RA TTLE SNAKE CAVE (1 ST I LL WANTED A HAT BAND). W E HAD MET A MOT ORC YCLE R IDER, WHO WAS H E ADED TOWARDS THE H!LL, AND WONDERED W HETHER HE WAS A CAVER. WE FOUND NO SNAKES ON THE SURFACE, ANO I WAS NOT A BOUT TO GO SO WE RETURNED T O THE HILL. BACK AT CAMP WE FOUND THE MOTORCYCLE R I DER TO BE 0EAN HALLOWAY, A NEW MEXICO CAVER. A SHORT WHILE LATER M iKE, AND DEAN LEFT FOR 0RY CAVE. B I L L AND I W AITED FOR OTHERS TO ARRIVE. AND SO T HEY 0 1 D ALONG CAME ELLS RoLFs, DAVE BELSK I AND OTHER NEw MEXBCO CAVERS. OR. HARRIS ARRIVED NEX T F OLLOWED BY ANDY KOMENSKY. THEN AN "ENDLESS" STREAM OF C AVERS BEGAN T O POUR IN. TH I S CON TiNUED ALL N IGHT. THi NGS BEGAN TO HAPPEN QUICKLY. ANOTHER CREW LEFT FOR DRY CAvE. DEAN, B o LL AND I STARTED P i NOCHLE GAME, CAMPS WERE SET UP, AND TALK WAS CONTINOUS. AFTER A SHORT SLEEP SA TURDAY ARR IVED. EVER YONE(?) WAS EATING BREAKFAST AND GETT ING RE A D Y TO GO CAVING. CARL KUNATH AND I GAVE A SHORT MAPP ING SCHOOL AFTER WHICH E VERYONE(?) SET OUT ROGER, BILL, AND i JOI NED KOMENSK Y T O CHECK OUT LEADS I N AND AROUND S AND CAVE. NoTHING CAME O F T HE LEA DS HOWEVER. W E RETURNED T O C AMP FOR FOOD AND REST. RoGER, ANDY, BoLL, AND I SPENT PART OF THE AFTERNOON D IGGING AT A SUPPOSEDLY "sECOND ENTRANCE" TO ENDLESS. A RAI N STORM FORCED US T O QUIT HOWEVER AFTER ONLY A COUPLE O F HOURS. JUST AS WE GOT UP TO LEAVE, ZOT I CRASH! A B OLT OF L iGHT N ING STRUCK T HE H ILLS IDE ABOUT 30 OR 40 Y ARDS AWAY. AFTER SOOTH ING OUR "SHOCKED" NERVES, WE CLiMBED BACK OUT OF OUR HOLE AND HEADED U P TO CAMP (STOOPED OVER OF COURSE) CUSSDNG THOSE WHO SAOD "LI GHT N iNG ALWAYS STR OKES THE H O GHEST POINT." WE NOW KNOW D l FFERENT! AFTER THE RAI N W A S OVER A BEAUT I FUL DOUB L E RAINBOW APPEARED WHICH LASTED FOR OVER HALF AN HOUR. RoGER TOOK OFF WITH SOMEONE T O C HECK LiTTLE SAND ONCE MORE. WE HAD L OOKED I N IT E A RLDER AND T HOUGHT I T TO BE ONLY 20 OR 25 F EE T DEEP. ROGER SQUEEZED THROUGH A HOLE AND FOUND ABOUT 300 FEET OF ADDITIONAL PASSAGE. SoME BONES WERE FOUND WHICH OR. HARRIS COLLECTED. 000R PRIZES WERE AWARDED SATURDA Y NIGHT. I WAS ONE OF THE LUCKY ONES AND WON TWO POUNDS O F CARS IDEo SUNDA Y WAS OUR LAST DAY SINCE I HAD T O BE AT WORK MONDAY. BILL AND M O KE BROKE CAMP AND LOADED THE PICKUP. RoGER AND I, ALONG WITH RICH LoosE AND CAROL CARMA N WENT AND MAPPED LITTLE SAND CAVE. WE COMPLETELY MAPPED IT AND L OGGED A BOUT 300 FEET OF PASSAGE, WHICH W A S CONS i DERABL Y MORE THAN ANY ONE THOUGHT T H i S BROUGHT OUR TRIP TO A C LOSE. WE SAOD GOODBYE T O BOTH OLD AND NEW F R I ENDS AND STARTED ON THE LONG T R I P B ACK T O TEXAS. WE HAD THOROUGHLY ENJO YED OUR STAY I N NEW MEXICO AND PL A N T O MAKE OTHER TRIPS. HoPE EVERYONE ELSE FEELS THE SAME. SEE YOU THERE? #################### NEW TEXAS CAVER EDITOR STARTING IN JANUARY, 1967, THE TEXAS CAVER WILL BE PUBLISHED IN ABILENE, TEXAS. As A SPECIAL SERVICE TO TSA MEMBERS THE NEW EDITOR W I LL DRO VE A CAR W I TH "CAVER" L ICENSE PLATES. Now SERV ING H I S F IFTH YEAR AS CHAIRMAN O F THE ABi LENE GROTTO, HE W DLL T R Y H I S H AND A T EDITING THE TExA s S PELEOLOGI CAL AssoCIATION NEWSLETTER. B v NOW, MOST OF YOU WILL RECOGN i ZE YOUR NEW EDI TOR AS GEORGE GRAY NoT ALL oF THE TEXAS CAVER STAFF I S CHANGING HOWEVER. You CAN EXPECT TO SEE THE NAMES OF ESTES, LiLLY, AND L INDSLEY STI LL LISTED AMOUNG THE "HELPERS" OF THI S PUBL I CATION FOR WE ARE ONLY CHANGING AROUND SOME OF THE JOBS. WHAT CHANGES CAN YOU LOOK FORWARD TO SEEING NEXT V EAR7 WELL, WOULD YOU BEL I E V E A NEW COVER M ASTHEAD? NEW LETTERHEADS? (JU ST WRITE Box 143 IN ABILENE T O GET AN ANSWER ON THE NEW LETTERHEADS!) WHAT ELSE? WELL NOW, T HERE W I LL BE No, I W I LL J UST M AKE YOU WAIT UNTIL T HE JANUARY 1967 iSSUE. THEN YOU C A N SEE FOR Y OURSELF! (CoNT1D ON PAGE 158)

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PAGE 152 THE TEXAS CAVER, DECEMBER, 1966 SPELEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA A NEW NATIONAL CAVING ORGANIZATION, THE SPELEOLOGICAL Soc1 ETY oF J\lv1ERI cA, HAS APPEARED ON THE SCENE. MANY OF OUR READERS WILL BE RECEIVING COMPLIMENTARY COPIES OF THEIR PUBLICATION AND OTHER MAILINGS AND WILL, NO DOUBT, BE INTERESTED IN KNOWING MORE ABOUT THE GROUP AND HOW IT WAS FORMED. THE FOLLOW ING OBSERVATIONS ARE TAKEN FROM THE BALTIMORE GROTTO NEws (VoL. 9, No. 3, PP. 82-83, 90-97) AND THE N.S.S. MINUTES OF THE BOARD OF GOVERNORS MEETING HELD OcTOBER 29, 1966, PAGES 5-8. ABOUT TWO YEARS AGO T HE NATIONAL CAPITAL GROTTO AND THE NATI ONAL CAPITAL RESCUE SQUAD BECAME ACTIVE AND BEGAN RECEIVING PUBLICITY ABOUT THEIR E X PLOITS. THE LEADER OF BOTH THESE GROUPS WAS BILLY Gus KARRAS, THE NATI ONAL CAPITAL GROTTO HAVING BEEN FOUNDED TO SUPPORT THE NAT1QNAL CAP I TAL RESCUE SQUAD FINANCIALLY. MR. KARRAS SPELLED "LEADERSHIP" IN CAPITAL LETTERS AND HIS VERACITY WAS OFTEN QUEST IONABLE. THIS EVEN EXTENDED TO REPRESENTING HIMSELF TO PUBL I C OFFICIALS AS ViCE PRESIDENT OF NSS AND TO CLAIMING 42 RESCUES FOR GROUP, A FACT WHICH HE CANNOT SUBSTANTIATE, ON fviARCH 7, 1966 NSS TREASURER DoN CoURNOYER RECEIVED A BILL FROM THE D. c. IGNITION HEADQUARTERS, INC. FOR $175.00 FOR THE REPAIR oF NCRS's 1952 CADILLAC AMBULANCE. THIS B I LL HAS BEEN OVERDUE SINCE DEC. 1964 AND WAS S I GNED BY WILLIAM KARRAS. SUBSEQUENT INVESTI GAT ION REVEALED MANY L ARGE UNPAID BILLS ASSOCIATED WITH THE ACTI V ITIES OF T HE NCRS, SOME OF WHICH HAVE BEEN FOLLOWED B Y C OURT ACTION, OTHER DEALI NGS PRIOR TO THE DAY S OF THE RESCUE TEAM ATTRACTED THE INTEREST OF THE SECURITIES & ExcHANGE CoMMISSION AND THE FBI. IN AuGusT PRESIDENT BARR RECE IVED A LETTER S I GNED BY SIX O F NATI ONAL CAPITAL GROTTO, T HREE OF WHOM WERE OFFICERS, EXCERPTED BY: K. GOODBAR CHARGING IRREGULARITIES IN OPERATION OF THE GROTTO AND REQUESTED ASSISTANCE FROM THE SOCIETY. BARR APPOINTED AN AD HOC COMMITTEE TO INVESTIGATE AND DETERMINE WHETHER OR NOT THE CHARGES HELD SUBSTANCE, AND IF so, TOMAKE RECOMMENDATIONS FOR ACTION WHICH WOULD EFFECT RECONCILIATION BETWEEN OPPOSING FACTIONS IN THE GROTTO AND AT THE SAME TIME INSURE THE RIGHTS AND PRIVILEGES OF ALL SOCIETY MEMBERS CONCERNED WOULD BE RESPECTED. THE ANNOUNCEMENT OF A SPECIAL MEETING WAS FORWARDED TO EACH MEMBER OF THE NATIONAL CAPITAL GROTTO, TO BE HELD ON AUGUST 30, 1966, FOR THE PURPOSE OF HEARING FROM ALL MEMBERS PRO AND CON. ONLY El GHT MEMBERS OF NCG WERE PRESENT. DURING THIS MEETING IT WAS DISCOVERED THAT; 1. THOUGH A CONSTITUTION AND SET OF BYLAWS EXISTED, THESE WERE NEVER USED, BECAUSE OF THE DOMINEERING ATTITUED OF THE LEADER. WHEN THE GROTTO MEMBERS REQUESTED A COPY OF THE CoNSTITUTION AND BY-LAWS THESE WERE NEVER MADE AVAILABLE. CONSEQUENTLY THEY HAD NO CHOICE BUT TO BE G.UI OED BY THE LEADER. 2. THE LEADER, ON AuGusT 17, 1966 ASSULTEO A FEMALE MEMBER WHO IS SECRETARY. THIS ACT HAD BEEN REPORTED TO THE ARLINGTON POLICE DEPARTMENT AND THE COMMONWEALTH ATTORNEY'S 0FFI CE, BUT A WARRANT FOR ARREST WAS NEVER SWORN OUT BY THE MMBER. NCG's BY-LAws STATE THAT MEETINGS WILL BE CONDUCTED BY ROBERTS RuLES OF ORDER AS AMENDED AND THAT THE SECRETARY WILL BE A PRESIDING OFFICER AT ALL MEETINGS. 3. THE NATIONAL CAPITAL GROTTO HAD SOLICITED FINANCIAL SUPPORT FROM OTHER GROUPS, FROM THE PARENTS OF ITS YOUNG MEMBERS, AND FROM MANY OTHER SOURCES. NoT ALL OF THE DONATIONS APPEARED IN THE FINANCIAL RECORDS. MANY HUNDREDS Ot

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THE TEXAS 196 6 PAGE 153 cOLLARS IN DUES ANO CONTRIBUTIONS HAD sEEN D! VERT EO TO MEET THE NEEDS OF THE RESCUE TEAM OR I NOI VI DUAL MEMBERS OF I T ALSO, NCG HAD RECEIVED $300.00 FROM PoPULAR SCIENCE MAGAZINE OF WHICH $100.00 WAS EARMARKED FOR THE AMERICAN UNIVERSITY GROTTO. THE A.U. RECEIVED ONLY $50.00. 4. WHEN THE INVESTlGATION OF THE IRREGULARITIES OF NCG BECAME KNOWN, THE LEADER ACTING ON BEHALF OF THE NCG AND WITHOUT HAVING THE REQUI REO 2/J's VOTE AS GOVERNED BY THEI R CONSTiTUTION ANO BY-LAWS, VOT EO THEMSELVES AS BEING NO LONGER ASSOCi ATEO WITH THE NSS. THE NATIONAL CAPITAL GROTTO, INC, WAS INCORPORATED ON Au GUST 29, 1966, AS A NON-PROFIT ORGAN! ZAT I ON, UNDER THE LAWS OF THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA; WHICH I S IN CLEAR V IOLATION OF THE 110ECEPTIVE NAME11 CLAUSE OF THE LEGAL COOES, 5. ON SEPT. 12, THE COMMITTEE REPORTED THAT IRREGULALRITIES 010 EXIST AN O RECOMMENDED THAT NATIONAL CAPITAL GROTTO BE PLACED IN TRUSTEESHIP FEND! NG THE OcTOBER 29 BoARD OF GovERNOR's MEETING AT THE OcT, 29 BoARD MEETING NCG AND KARRAS WERE HANDLED SEPARATELY. S1 NCE MOST OF THE NCG MEMBERS HAD EIGHER LEFT THE AREA, JOINED ANOTHER GROUP OR LOST INTEREST COMPLETELY, THERE WERE ONL Y TWO SHO STILL WISHED TO MAINTAIN AGROTTO. IN VIEW OF THE LACK OF 4CTIVE INTEREST THE GROTTO WAS CHANGED FROM VE TO INACTIVE STATUS. Bl LLY Gus KARRAS HAD HAl LED TO PAY H i S DUES AND THE GRACE PERIOD EXPIRED OcT. 1, KARRAS HAD BEEN INVITED TO ATTEND T H E MEETING AND SPEAK FOR HIMSELF BUT DID NOT CHOOSE TO ATTEND, THE BOARD OF GOV ERNOR S DIRECTED THE NSS OFFICE TO REFUSE F"URTHER DUES FROM KARRAS I'IITHO U T THE APPROVAL OF THE BOARD ITSELF, FOLLOWING THE BOARD MEETING, WHICH WAS ATTENDED BY SOME OF MR. KARRAS' ASSOCiATES, HE AND HIS YOUNG SUPPORTERS THE CoNSTITUTION AND BY-LAWS OF THE SPELEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA. MR. KARRAS SEEMS TO PREFER RECRUITING N E W AND VERY YOUNG FOLLOWERS SO THIS SHOULD NOT MAKE SERIOUS INROADS INTO NSS MEMBERSHIP; HOWEVER, THERE I S CONCERN THAT THIS WILL AROUSE ENMITY IN CAVE OWNERS TOWARD ALL CAVE EXPLORERS. THIS IS THE GROUP THAT YOU MAY BE HEARING FROM, ********************************** NEW ROCK DRILL Los ALAMOS SCIENTIFIC LABORATORY IS DEVELOPING A DRILL WITH A MOLYBDENUM SHOE THAT WILL HOLD ITS STRENGHT UP T O THE POINT OF MELTING OF MOST ROCK MATERIALS--2730F. THE AEC W ILL USE THE THERMAL DRILL TO MELT THROUGH ROCK IN ANSWER T O THE U. S. ARMY1S REQUIREMENTS FOR A NEW ROCK DRILL. A HEATER IN THE MOLYBDENUM SHOE WILL B E MADE OF TUNGSTEN AND WILL BE SUPPORTED BY INSULATED TUNGSTEN PINS IN THE SHOE, HELIUM GAS W ILL F ILL THE CAP BETWEEN THE SHOE AND THE HEATER FOR HEAT CONDUCTION. 150 AMPS AT 15 VOLTS ARE THE POWER REQUIREMENTS AND IT IS ESTIMATED THAT AN EIGHT INCH DIAMETER HOLE 50 FEET LONG COULD BE DRILLED IN HARD ROCK IN A DAY USING 90 KW OF POWER. WHEN THE MOLYBDENUM SHOE IS PRESSED AGAINST THE HARD ROCK THE ROCK MELTS. THE MOLTEN ROCK COULD THEN BE FORCED OUT THROUGH A CENTER TUBE AND BLOWN OUT OF THE NEXT SECTION OF STEEL PIPE BY A BLAST OF HIGHVOLOC I TV HELIUM. How LONG A CRAWLWAY COULD YOU DRILL IN A DAY1 COULD THE MOLTEN ROCK BE USED TO CEMENT UNSTABLE BREAKDOWN WHEN TUNNELING THROUGH? ONLY TIME WILL TELL. ************************************* HILL VANDALS MEMO: PLEASE SEND ALL COPPER-CORALHEADED RATTLE-MOCCASINS TO RoNNIE FIESELER FOR H I S NEW HATBAND, ***********************************

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PA GE 154 THE TEXAS CAVER, DECEMBER, 1966 A HISTORICAL GROTTO MEETING! DALLAs-FoRT WoRTH GROTTO REPORTS THAT HISTORY WAS BEING MADE A T THEIR NOVEMBER 17TH MEETING. CHUCK LARSEN GAVE A LECTURE ON THE USE OF THE BRUNTON C OMPASS IN CAVE MAPPING. MANY GROTTO MEMBERS AND A GOOD CROWD OF VISITORS WAS PRESENT AND SOME SEEMED JUST 11RARIN11 TO G O OUT AND PROVE THEY COULD MAP. A SIX-POINT CLOSED COURSE WAS SET UP OUT S! DE ON THE CAMPUS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF DALLAS. TEAMS FORMED. BRUNTONS WERE HANDED OUT. THREE MAPPING TEAMS ATTACKED THE 400 FOOT LONG COURSE. THE CLUB CHAIRMAN'S TEAM CAME BACK WITH A 25 FOOT CLOSURE ERROR. NoT TOO GOOD. THE VICE-CHAIRMAN'S TEAM CAME BACK WITH ONLY A 14 F OOT CLOSURE ERROR. BETTER. THEN THE 1HER01 TEAM WENT OUT Two OF THE TEAM M EMBERS HAD TO BE SHOWN A SECOND T IME HOW TO READ THE N U MBERS ON THE BRUNTON --AFTER ALL, THI S WAS THE VERY FIRST TIME THEY HAD EXAMINED A BRUNTON! 0NEOF THESE YOUNG LADIES IS A REGULAR 11V I STOR11, THE OTHER WAS HER GUEST. THE THIRD TEAM MEMBE R HAD SEEN A BRUNTON BEFORE HE WAS A GROTTO MEMBER. EACH TEAM MEMBER RAN THE BRUNTON FOR TWO MAPPING STAT I ONS ALL THREE HAD TO BE SHOWN THE 11 SHADOW" OF THE POI NTER ON THE MIRROR, BACK A T THE DRAWING B OARD THE SURVE Y WAS PLOTTED O N PAPER. FOUR FOOT CLOSURE ERROR THE GUYS ON THE OTHER TEAMS D IDN1T HAVE MUCH TO SAY NOW THAT TWO TEEN -AGE G IRLS HAD BEAT THEM IN THE MAPP ING GAME, A SPECIAL AWARD WILL BE PRESENTED TO THI S TEAM WITH T HE 1% FOO T CLOSURE ERROR, AT THE NEX T ) .. GROTTO MEET NG. THE TEAM MEMBERS 7 J I M GOODBAR, ELLEN GOODBAR, AND NANCY COOKr D -FWG THI NKS THIS PROVES A GOOD POINT. THEY RECOMMEND THA T THE OTHER GROUPS I N T HE AREA START TRAINING FOR MAPPING ACCURACY A SPECIAL MAPPING ACCURACY CONTEST W I LL BE HELD AT THE NEXT TSA CONVENT ION. ANY MAPPING TEAM I S INVITED TO PARTICIPATE. LETTER TO THE TSA IT WAS WITH REGRET THAT I LH"T DALLAS IN JULY AND ALL MY GOOD FRIENDS IN THE T. S. A. AND THE DALLAS-FT. WORTH GROTTO. I M IGHT ADD HOWEVER, THAT IT IS WirTH No REGRET THAT I LEFT THE ARMY!!! PRIOR TO COMING TO TEXAS I DID SOME CAVING WITH THE NITTANY GROTTO, PITTSBURGH GROTTO, AND THE CENTRAL INDIANA GROTTO, BUT NEVER HAVE I MET SUCH TRULY FIND PEOPLE AS I Dl D IN TEXAS. I HAVE BRIEFLY PARTICIPATED IN ACTIVITIES SUCH AS ARTIFACT DIGGING, BAT BANDING, CAVE MAPPING, AND BUG COLLECTING, BUT WHILE IN TEXAS I DISCOVERED THAT MY TRUE INTERESTS Ll E IN CAVE PHOTOGRAPHY, I ESPECIALLY EXPRESS SINCERE THANKS TO PETE LINDSLEY AND CARL KUNATH FOR ALL THE ASSISTANCE THEY GAVE ME NOT ONLY IN CAVE PHOTOGRAPHY BUT ALSO IN EQUIPMENT SELECTION AND CRITICAL PHOTO EVALUATION. I MIGHT ALSO ADD THAT THE DALLAS-FORT WORTH GROTTO WAS INSTRUMENTAL IN HELPING ME OBTAIN MY NSS MEMBERSHIP. ENJOYED THE OPPORTUNITY TO VI SIT MANY OF THE CAVES IN THE TEXAS, ARKANSAS, AND NEW MEXICO AREA AND WILL ALWAYS HAVE MEMORIES OF THESE EXPERIENCES. You HAVE A TREMENDOUS ORGANIZATION WITH OUTSTANDING IDEALSA TRUE CREDIT TO THE NATIONAL SPELEOLOGICAL SoCIETY. ANYTIME YOU DESIRE TO VISIT SOME REAL VIRGINIA-WEST VIRGINIA TYPE CAVES, DROP ME A LINE AND WE WILL ARRANGE A TRIP. GooD CAVING YouR FRIEND DAVE RICHARDSON +8300 20 BROWN LANE DANVILLE, VIRGINIA 24541 WHAT 7 Is YOUR CLOSURE ERROR IN 1000 F CAN YOU M AP AROUND A 1000 FOOT CLOSED MAPPING COURSE AND GET A 1 FOOT CLOSURE, 111 OR BETTER.

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I N DEX THE TEXAS CAVER9 DECEMBER, 1966 INDEX PAGE 155 INDEX THIS INDEX COVERS VOLUME 11, 1966 OF THE TEXAS CAVER A S PUBLISHED IN DALLAS,TEXAS. NUMBERS FROM 1 TO 164 REFER TO THE PAGE NUMBERS ON WHICH THE REFERENCE MAY BE FOUND. A BILENE GROTTO: 17,80,55,91,102 "As!LENE GRoTTo CHECKS THE H1LLs":99 ABILENE GROTESQUE GROTTO: 45,46,56 ABOVE N. EvANs: 57,58 11AsRA CADABRA": 6 GROTTO: 10,26,39,80,55,102, 17, 127' 171 AMBIHELICAL HEXNUT8 3 7 ANGEL HAl R: 142 ANONYMOUS, I. M. i 6 ARAGO N I TE8 145 ARIZONA HIGHWAYS: 104 ARKANSAS CAVING & 133, 135 ASCENDER MODI F l CATIONI 72 ASSi 152-153 AssociATION FOR MEXICAN CAvE S TUD! E S : 2 11AT THE H1 LL AND Po I NTS BEYOND: 150-151 AwARD: 2 BAG p I p E s : 1 38 BALCONES FAuLT ZoNE: 147 BALCONES GROTTO: 18,1 J5, 143, 102 BAL E S M I K E : 1 501 51 BARNACLE STALAGMITES: 95 BARTEL S CAvE,: 103 BASALT CAVE I 88 "BAT LAw" : 70 BATMAN: 125 BEARDSVILLE: 103 "BETTER THAN GoLD" 114 Bt-REG I ONAL PROJECT" : 126 Bt G S TEE'L DooR: 6 BLANK CHECK CAvE: 41,43 BLUM, EuGENE: 121 BocA D E L D 1 Aer::.o: 144 BoG g 1 6 9 BOG MEET 1 NG: 89 "BOOK REVIEW: 110, 158 BOREH OLE: 38 BoY ScouTs& 39 BovD's CAvE: 117 BRUMMETT 1 JAMES: 5 '!BRUMMETT MANAGER AT CASCAD E C A VERNS" :5 BRUNTON CoMPAss: 93, 114 "BU! L O A 3 PRONGED RAPPELLER'! 37 "But L o AN AscENDER" : 32 BUNDRANT, OLLENE: 78, 46, 132 BuRcH, GLORI A: 125 1 6 2 JACK, 2, 46 1 162 BURCH, JACK C: 132 BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT: 85 144, 1163 BUZZARD: 99, 100 CACAHUAMILPAI 144 CADI LLAC AMBULANCE: 152 CALCITE RAFTSI 6 6 CANOE C AvE: 71 C A RLSB A D IcE HousE: 85 CARTOONA; 25,82,52,92,80, 79 140,141' 149 CASCADE CAVERNS: 5,89990,126,147 11CAVE-ASSOC I ATED SALAMANDERS OF 14 7-9 C AVE B IOLOGn 158, 147-9 C AvE MAPi 35 C AVE OF THE LAKES& 13 C AVERNA DE BLANCHE& 100 "CAVERNS t LAKE CARLSBAD' D ISCOVERED I N MEXICO: 27 CHESS, L A. 141 CLEMENTS, R. D. PAGE 121 CLOSURE ERRORi COBB CAVERNS& 143 CoFFIN CAvEg 144 CoLEs, LEONARD T. : 85 CONCEA L ING CAVE ENTRANCESI 139 CoNSERVATIONI 89, 139 "CONSERVAT ION COMMITTEE" : 31 "CoNSERVAT 1 ON NEws" : 1 3 9 CONVENTI ON, N. S S. 1966: 104 CONVENTION L S.A. : 15, 47, 54 CoRY ELL CouNTY CAvERs,: 21, 56 CoTToNwooD CAvE CAPERs: 141 COTTONWOOD CAVE, N. M.: 10,38,177 103, 141' 150 CRATERS O F THE MOONI 86, 87 CRATERS ON THE MooN: 143 CRAWLI NG: 1 02 CuEvA DE Los R 1scos: 144 DALL A s FoR T WoRTH GROTTo: 10, 26, 91 39, 81, 5 5 18, 115,127,71, 143, 162 DARE ART I CLE8 79 DEAD MAN's CAVE S YSTEM I 148 DEAL, 0wiGHT8 72, 122 DEEP CAVE8 24, 116 DtCKEV, DEWAVNE: 132 Doss' s CAvE,:100 DUNBAR CAVE I 55 D u NN, Bos 1 38 11EDt TORI A U 24, 11 EDWARDS 80, 148

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156 THE TEXAS CAVER, DECEMBER, 1966 E LECTRONIC FLASH: 111 ENDLESS CAvE: 5 150 "ENDLESS WINS AGAIN": 5 ENNI s CAvE: 133, 14 5-6 EsTADO DE GuERRERo: 144 EsTEs, J1M: 15, 4 5 75, 47, 74, 99' 104, 162 "ExTRA CAvE DIRT777: 92 F AK E S: 1 52-1 5 J FERN BLACK SPRINGS: 147 FERN CANYON BAT CAvE: 71 F tESELER, RoGER, 125, 150-151 F 1 ESELER, RoNN IE: 121, 125, 150-51 F 0 SH' JOHN: 144 FoRT STANTON CAvE: 105, 163 FouRTH ANNUAL TSA PHoTo SALON" :9 FuFu8 144 GANNAWAY ALLEN: 53, 54 G EOEOGY: 64, 65,66 69, 86, 95 G L u E F 0 R c A v E R s" 1 1 0 GRA Y DAVID: 7 ; 59 GooDBAR, BLA IR: 115 G OODBAR, KATHERINE: 57,110, 152, l5J GRAY, GEORGE: 25, 49, 50, 51, 104 GRAY, JACQUE: 4 6 GROTT O NEws: 26, 10, 91, 39,80, 55, 115, 162 GROTY CAVERS NEW GROUP: 56 G RUTA S DE V I LLA DE GARCIA: 144 GuA DALUPE CAvE SuRvEv: 57 GuADALUPE SKETCHBOOK: 4 G Y PSU M g 1JJ, 135 GYPSUM PETALS: 142 HALEMAUMAU CRATER: 95 HALLI NGER, DoN: 6 1 "HALLIDAY' s NEw BooK" HARD HAT! 35 HELL BELow: 77 HERMIT CAvE: 6 1 H I D DEN CAVE: 7 7 H 1 EROGLYPHI cs: 1)1 68-69 H IGH ALT I TUDE CAvE: 144 11H O S TORICAL GROTT O MEETING!" HODAG: 124 HOLOGRAM: 1 J7 HoNE CREEK CAvE: 103 HoT PLATEs oF ENCHILADAs: 8 0 "How To K 1 LL YouR FR 1 ENos: 122 IcE CAvEs: 97 I cK Y-STICK GooEYGLUEY: 142 INDEPENDENT NEws: 39 INDEx: 1 5 5 IND IAN P I CTOGRAPHS: 1 0 7 153 IDIOTS AND You: 101 "INNER SPACE 91, 103 INSECTS: 7J JESSUPS CAvE: 100 JONES, Bl LL: 150-151 JUGS AND STONE CHURNS: 131 KAPPELMAN SALAMANDERS CAVEZ 10J "KNOTS FOR CAVERS11 25 KNOX' OR I ON: 77' 70' 144 KoMENSKY, ANoY: 125, 117, 150 KREI OLER, JOHN,: 76 KUNATH, CARL; 2,J,5,6,7,16, 13,30 41' 43, 7 ,3, 119, 94, 102, 101' 121 105, 111, 125, 133-135 LAKE RooM: 91 LANGTRY GYPSUM: 162 LARKIN, LLOYD: 57 LASER, PHOTOGRAPHY: 1J6 1J7 "LAvA CAvEs": 86, 95 LAVA RIVER TUNNEL: 88, 95 LAVA TuBES: 88 "LETTERS TO THE Eo1 TOR11 48, 49' 69' 72 LETTER TO THE TSA: 154 11LIFE OF THE CAVE": 158 LILLY, BRYANT: 25, 140, 149 LILLY PADS: 66 L iNDSLEY, NAN: 86, 95 Ll NOSLEY, PETE: 24, 77, 8J, 90, 84, 11 0' 111 32' 1 29' 1 45 LoNGEST KNOWN LAVA TuBE: 88 LosT AND FouNo: 80 LosT GoLo: 144 LOVING CHARLIE: 82, 76,77, 78, 79, 80, 35 LowE, L. 8.: 119, 139 MADONNA CAvE: 10 MAD RUSSI AN: 141 MAPPING: 153 McKITTRICK CAvE: 81 McKITTRICK HILL: 24, 5, 85, 101, 119, 126,38,150-151 MCMICHAEL, PRESTON: 57 MEADOR, ToM: 107, 94, 61, 69, 132 MELTING RocK,: 154 MEMBERSHIP LIST: TSA: 17, 78 MEXICO: 144 M I CROM ET EOR IT E SHOWERS: 98 MIDDEN: 1 5 0 11M 1 NUTES OF THE T S. A. BOARD OF GovERNORS MEETINd': 46, 159 MITCHELL, ROBERT: 147-149, 158 MoHR, CHARLES E. : 158

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THE TEXAS CAVER DECEMBER9 1966 PAGE 157 MOL YBDENUM SHOE I 154 MooRE, D r CK: 3 MuoGETTS CAvE: 163 MuR A L CAVE: 144 MuRD ERi 122 M us K Ox: 39 NATIONA L CAPITAL GROTTO& 152-3 NEUVILLE CAVE& 147 N E W MASTHEAD: 36 N E w RocK ORr LL" : 154 "NoT E oF GuADALUPE CAVE GATEs": 77 NoT I CE8 158 "OLD CoNSTITUTION RATIFIED AT T.S.A. CoNVENTION": 45 110LD LETTERS TO THE Eo1 TOR11:57 ONE SNCH PoTASH ExPANSION BoLTS&--: 61 0N'{X CAVE& 15 CAVES": 107, 94 P AL. EO CAvEs z 39 PEMBLE, HARRY& 132 PENNY: 8? PHOTO SALON: 16 "PHOTO TIPS" 16, 80, 53, 5 4 111 1 1 2 1 1 3' 1 36 1 38 PHREATIc,: 133, 1J4 P i C T U R E WRITING OF TEXAS I N D I A N S: 1 08 P!NK DRAGON CAvE: 75, 162 P i NOCHLE,: 119 PITS 6 1 1 44 PLANTATION BITTERs', TurT's PILLs.: 108 "PLUMB ING SoME GuALUPE PITS'! 6 1 P oPPY CAvE: 144 POULSON, THOMAS L. : 158 Poz o DE GAVILANI 144 PRESS URE R 1 DGESl 87 PRiMITIVE CIVILIZATION: 27 P R i NTED MATTERl 103 PRO JECT CASCADE: 90 PRO.JECT UNDER THE HILL: 85, 81' 101 119, 104, 126 "PROPOSED NAME CHANGE FOR TSA" 138 RACOON i 38, 99 R A i N ES, TERRYI 121, 144 REB U1'TAE8 : 6 5 REDDELL JAMES& 147-9, 163 R E o P A SSAGE: 142 REMARKABLE D1 SCOVERYt 1J2-1J1 RESCUE 141 REv I E W l 6 4 R ICHARDS, CHARLOTTE& 117 "RI 0 CAMUV11 70 R1o GRAND TuNNELL& 76 R r o GRA NDE VALLEY CAV ING CLue: 11, 27, 40, 8 1 143 R I VERST Y X C A VE2 1 ,2, 10, 30, 147 RosrNsoN, NoRMAN: 117, 121, 125 RoPEsURNs: 6 1 RussELL, B ILL: 46, 114, 31 SAFETY& 28 SALAMANDER g 129, 130, 147-149 "SAN MARCOS CONVENTION11l 15 SAN SABA REGION: 147 ScHERMERHORN, JrM: 52, 133 ScRAWNY sUSHI 61 SENSAT IONi 131 SENT I NEL CAvE: 61 SEXz 121 SEWAGE DISPOSAL: 69 SHIELD; 33, 34, 122, 134 SHOSHONE IcE CAvE: 97 SK I NN ER, lEE I 57 1 62 SKUNK& 99 SKVLI GHT: 61 SMI TH, A. R ICHARD: 144 SNAFU AT FoRT G rssoN CAvE: 3 SNAKE B ITES: 102 SNow CoNE: 87 SoGGY MATCHES: 133 SOLD I ERS C AVEl 59, 60 SoNoRA: 73, 83, 84 So'TANO DE R1o IGLESIA& 144 So'TANO DE SAN AGUSTIN: 144 So'TANO DE SAN FRANCisco: 144 So'TANO DE TEJAMI Nl Li 144 SOUTHWESTERN REGIONl 4 SPACE C I T Y GRoTTo: 80 SPATTER CoNE No 1: 8 6 SPATTER CoNE No. 2: 87 SPATT ERCONES 8 86 SPEL EO STROBE 8 111 11SPELEOLOG i C AL SocI ETY OF fw.ER I CA": 152-3 STAT ISTICS, TSA: 23, 79 STEEL DooR g 103 SuBTERR A NEAN RADIO PROPAGATION:132 SuRVEY BooKS8 51 SuPER CAVER& 6 1 PRoJECT DooR PR!ZE W I NNERS8 138 "TAX REL I E F11 i 138 11TECH. G OES UNDER THE HILL"& 38 "TEcH GoEs UP THE MouNTAIN": 77 TECHNIQUE-PHOTOGRAPHY: 7 TEN DoLLARS: 104 TExAs CAVER, NEw ADDREss: 135 "TEXAS CAVER PUBLISHES NEW CAVE SURVEY BOOKLETS": 51 TEXAS HERNIALOGI CAL AssociATION: 138

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PAGE 158 THE TEXAS CAVER, DECEMBER, 1966 THE LIFE OF THE CAVE BY: CHARLES E. MoHR AND THOMAS L. PouLsoN McGRAw-HILL BooK CoMPANY ($4 .95 ) CHARLES E. MOHR AND THOMAS L. POULSON HAVE PUT TOGETHER A MAGNIFICENT BOOK FOR McGRAW-HILL AND WoRLD BooK ENCYCLOPED I A. THROUGH THE AUTHORITATIVE, SIMPLY WRITTEN PAGES, CAVE BIOLOGY LEAVES THE REALM OF MYSTERIOUS, SCIENTIFIC G O BBLEDEGOOK AND BECOMES CLEAR, IMPORTANT, AND FASC INATING. WE ALL KNOW THAT THE BIOLOGIST CONS I DERS THE CAVE A W ILDLIFE SANCTUARY-11A RETREAT FOR STRANGE FORMS OF LIFE SO SPECIALI ZED IN STRUCTURE AND HABIT THAT THEY COULD NOT ENDURE CONDITIONS ON THE EART HS SURFAC E11, BUT HOW DO THEY FINO THEIR WAY WHAT MAKES THEM WHITE, WHAT DO THEY EAT AND HOW DO THEY FIND THEI R FOOD? THE RESULTS OF YEARS O F STUD Y BY MANY SC IENTISTS UNFOLD MANY ANSWERS AND MAKE 11CAN1T PUT IT DOWN11 READING. 010 YOU KNOW THAT BAT S REQU IRE A SPECIFI C TEMPERATURE RANGE T O HIBERNATE? THE B I G BROWN BAT NOT ONLY REQUIRES A TEMPERATURE OF BETWEEN 34 AND BUT HE MUST ALSO HAVE A HUMI D iTY OF AT LEA ST 90 PER CENT. IF THE CONDITIONS V ARY, HE WAKES UP AND MOVES TO A NEW LOCATION 0 1 0 YOU KNOW THAT THE ANCESTORS OF SOME OF THE PRESENT CAVE ADAPTED ORGAN I SMS WERE PROBABLY TRAPPED I N T HE CAVE AT THE TIME OF THE GLACIERS AND HAVE BEEN ADAPTING EVER S INCE? THE A D APAT ION HAS TAKEN SOME ALMOST UNSEL l EVABLE FORMS. 01 FFERENT ORGAN I SVIS I N A FOOD-SCARCE CAVE RARELY WASTE PRECIOUS ENERGY IN COMPETITION; THEY S I MPLY TAKE DIFFERENT AREAS OF THE CAVE OR SPECIALIZE IN EATING D IFFERENT SORTS OF FOOD. THE HABITS OF BOTH CAVE DWELLERS AND CAVE V ISITORS ARE 0 1 SCUSSED WITH INSCRUTABLE QUESTIONS ANSWERED THAT MOST O F US HADN1T KNOWN ENOUGHT TO ASK YET. 0 1 0 YOU KNOW THAT AN ABUNDANCE OF FOOD C OULD K I LL CAVE ANIMALS? MANY OF THE FULL COLOR PHOTOGRAPHS APPEAR ING ON EVERY P AGE ARE TRULY REMARKABLE. ALL HAVE BEEN FURNISHeD BY CAVERS. ROBERT MITCHELL'S SERIES OF PICTURES OF A RHAOINE BEETLE DIGGING AND EATING A CRICKET EGG IS OUTSTANDING. AN APPENDIX GIVES A GUIDE TO SCIENTIFIC NAMES; CAVES IN THE NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM; SOME COMMERCIAL CAVES IN THE UNITED STATES; HOW TO BECOME A SPELUNKER; AND A DESCRIPTION OF COMMON CAVE FORMATIONS. PRESENTLY, THIS BOOK (WHICH YOU WOULDN'T WANT TO BE WITHOUT) IS BEING Dl STRIBUTED THROUGH THE WORLD BooK "OuR LIVING WoRLD oF NATURE" SERIES $3.95). HoWEVER, IT IS PROBABLE THAT ABOUT FEBRUARY 1, 1967, IT WILL BECOME AVAILABLE IN THE SINGLE COPY THROUGH YOUR BOOK STORE. (No INFORMATION VET IF NSS WILL SELL THE BOOK.) BYI KATHERINE GooDBAR *************************************** CoNTINUED: NEw TEXAS CAVER EDITOR! THE NEW CAVER WILL HAVE ONLY A SINGLE ADDRESS TO MAKE THINGS EASIER FOR YOU. P.O. Box 143; As1 LENE 79604. SEND ALL YOUR ARTICLES, PHOTOGRAPHS, CARTOONS, GROTTO AND CLUB NEWS, AND ALSO MONEY TO THE Box. IF vouR CAVER SUBSCRIPTION HAS RUN OUT I SUGGEST YOU SEND YOUR $3.00 TO Box 143. ALso, PLEASE SEND YOUR ZIP CODES TO BOX 143 IF IT IS NOT GIVEN ON YOUR MAILING LABEL. EXCHANGE ISSUES SHOULD BE SENT TO Box 143 ALSO. I WANT TO EXTEND MY THANKS TO ALL OF YOU WHO HAVE SUPPORTED THE CAVER THE LAST TWO YEARS. WITHOUT YOUR CARTOONS, PICTURES, ARTICLES, ETC., THE TEXAS CAVER WOULD NOT BE THE OUTSTANDING CAVING PUBLICATION THAT IT IS TODAY. OF COURSE YOU WILL HAVE TO CONTINUE YOUR GOOD WORK IN ORDER THAT THE TSA OFFICIAL PUBLICATION REMAIN THE SYMBOL OF HARD-WORKING TEXAS CAVERS1 WORK BOTH IN AND OUT OF THE STATE. I WANT TO EXPRESS PARTICULAR THANKS TO THE HARD WORKING MEMBERS 'OF THE STAFF: THE LARSENS, BURCHES, GooDBARs, KuNATHS, RosiNSONs, L ILLYS, 0LSENS, AND ESTES! WITHOUT YOUR SIGNIFICANT CONTRIBUTIONS MY JOB AS ED! TOR WOULD HAVE BEEN IMPOSSIBLE. ft

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THE TEXAS CAVER, DECEMBER, 1966 PAGE 159 BOG MEETNOV. '66 TEXAS SPELEOLOGI CAL ASSOCIATION BOARD OF GOVERNORS MEETING 11/13/66 THE T. S. A. BoARD OF GovERNORS MET AT THE CAcTus CAFE, SAN SABA, TExAs, S uNDAY, NovEMBER 13, 1966 CARL KUNATH, CHAIRMAN, CALLED THE MEETING T O ORDER AT 1:00 P.M. REPRESENTATIVES PRESENT WERE: ABILENE JAMES ESTES AND BART CRISMAN; ALAMOLu THER BuNDRANT AND TILLIE OwENs; A. G. C. C. I RENE EsTES AND FERN DAVIS; BALCONES-CAROL WESTMORELAND; DALLAS-FT. WORTH -PETE LINDSLEY A N D CHUCK LARSEN; TExAs TEe. GLENDA KUNATH ( BY LETTER OF PROXY); UNIV. OF TExAs -MERYDITH TuRNER AND JoHN F1sH; INDEPENDENTSToM MEADOR AND JACK C. BuRCH. GROUPS NOT REPRESENTED wERE CoRYELL Co. CAvERs, HuAco CAVERS, RIO GRANDE CAVERS, ST. MARY1S UNIV. NEW GROUPS ASKING RECOGNITION AND APPROVED BY A MAJORITY VOTE OF D ELEGATES PRESENT WERE THE HOUSTON GROTTO-REPRESENTED BY DEWAYNE DICKEY A N D RICHARD I GAU; THE SAN ANTONIO GROTTO-REPRESENTED BY VICE AND MIKE DRuDING; AND THE BoERNE CAVERs, No ' DELEGATES PRESENT. OFFiCERS PRESENT WERE CARL KuNATH, CHAIRMAN AND 0LLENE BUNDRANT, SECRETARY/TREASURER. BILL RUSSELL, V ICE-CHAI RMAN, WAS A BSENT, THE MINUTES OF THE MAY 28, 1966, MEETING WERE READ, CORRECTED, AND A PPROVED AS CORRECTED. CORRECTION A S FOLLOWS: (AMMENDMENT TO 8Y-LWAS; MEMBERSHIP, ADOPTED MAY 28, 1966) ART. A-2 (A) DELETE THE PHRASE .BUT WHO MEETS WITH ONE OR MORE O F THE FOLLOWING REQUIREMENTS; .. 1) & 2) . "ADD ART. A 2 (B), "ANY NON N.S.S. MEMBER IN T HE STATE OF TEXAS WHO I S NOT A MEMBER OF A CLUB OR GROTTO, BUT WHO MEETS WITH ONE OR MORE OF THE FOLLOWING REQUIREMENTS: 1 ) SuBSCRIBES TO THE TExAs CAvER; 2 ) REGISTERS AT AN OFFI C IAL ____ ASSOCIATION PROJECT OR CONVENTION. THI S TYPE OF MEMBERSH I P i S L IMITED T O ONE YEAR'S DURAT ION, BUT MAY BE RENEWED BY SUBSEQUENT REGISTRATION." TRE ASURER'S REPORT: BALANCE BROUGHT FORWARD MAY 28, 1966, -$123.71; INCOME -$11.00; ExPENDITURES$20.58; BALANCE NovEMBER 13, 1966 -$114.13. SuRVEY REPORT: VoLUME I I OF THE CHECKLIST HAS BEEN COMPLETED AND MAILED. THERE ARE MORE THAN 1,300 CAVES REPORTED IN THE SURVEY Fl LES. VOLUME Ill CHECK LIST IS READY FOR PUBLICATION, BUT THERE ARE CURRENTLY ONLY 25 SUBSCRIBERS, NOT Ei\rO:C: F UNDS TO PA Y FOR PUBL ICATION. THE SURVEY STAFF ASKS ENCOURAGEMENT OF SUBSCR I PT I ONS IF THE PUBL ICAT ION I S TO CONTINUE. THE QUESTION WAS RAISED WHETHER SUBSCRIPTION IS LIMI TED TO N.S.S. MEMBERS; SMI TH ANSWERED THAT, ALTHOUGH THI S WAS THE ORI G INAL INTENT, MANY NON-N,S.S. MEMBERS HAVE MADE CONTRIBUTIONS T O THE SURVEY AND THAT I F SOMEONE IS KNOWN, OR RECOMMENDED B Y AN ESTABLISHED MEMBER, EXCEPT I ONS WILL BE MADE. THE STAFF CURRENTLY IS DICK SMITH, JoHN F isH, ToM MEADOR AND JAMES REDDELL. THE NEXT ISSUE PLANNED WILL BE C AVES OF WEST TEXAS. REPORTED BY DICK SrviiTH. TEXAS CAVER REPORT: PUBL ICATION IS CURRENTLY ON SCHEDULE. CURRENT DISTRIBUTION IS 30 EXCHANGE COPIES, 5 COURTES Y COPIES TO U .S.G.S. AND OTHER GROUPS, 153 PAID SUBSCRIPTIONS. KUNATH ASKED WHETHER EXCHANGE PUBL I CAT I ONS ARE AVAILABLE TO MEMBERS, WAS I NFORMED THAT THEY ARE, BUT THAT THE PERSON BORROWING MUST PAY POSTAGE AND WILL BE RESPONSI BLE FOR RETURNING THE LOANED PUBL ICATION; ALL EXCHANGE PUBLICATI ONS ARE THE PROPERTY OF THE TEXAS CAVER. ExPIRATION DAT ES ARE NOTED ON TWO SUCCESSIVE ISSUES AND AN EXPIRATION NOTICE WITH A RETURN ENVELOPE IS INCLUDED I N THE LAST COPY BEFORE EXP IRATION. LARSEN EMPHASIZED THAT ZIP CoDES MUST BE INCLUDED

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i"AGE 160 THE TEXAS CAVER, DECEMBER, 1966 IN ALL ADDRESSES; THIS IS ARE QUIREMENT oF THE PosT OFFI CE FOR ALL MAIL OTHER THAN F I RST CLASS BEGINNING JANUARY 1, 1967. GROTTO SUBSCRIPTION RATE IS $1.50 PER TEAR. FINANCIAL SOLVENT REPORT BY CHUCK LARSEN, MERYDITH TURNER ANNOUNCED THAT, AT THE PUBLISHERS D I NNER AT THE N.S.S. CONVENT ION AT SEQUOIA, JACK STELLMACK AND ALLAN HAARR PRESENTED THE SPELEO-DIGEST AWARD FOR THE BEST N.S.So PUBLICATION FOR 1964 TO THE CAVER, TURNER PRESENTED THE AWARD TO JAMES EsTEs, 1 9 6 4 EDITOR oF T HE TExAs CAVER. A. M.C.S. THE NEW ISSUE HAS BEEN MAILED. BULLETIN SECT ION 1, AND PART O F SEC TION 2, HAVE BEEN COMPLETED, P LA NS ARE TO FINISH BY THE END OF THE YEAR, ADVERT I S ING IN THE N.S.S. NEWS PREVIOUSLY OFFERED 65 PUBLICATIONS FOR FOUR DOLLARS, BUT O S HAS BECOME NECESSARY T O INCREASE A T $5.00. THE BULLETIN ONLY IS OFFERED FOR $2.00; THI S INCLUDES MANY EXCELLENT MAPS, F I NANCIAL STATUS-SUBSTANTIAL PROFITS, WHICH ARE BE ING RETURNED TO IMPROV I N G PUBLICATiON. REPORT BY TERRY RAt NES. McKITTRICK PRO J ECT REPORT: ALL D A T A NOT Y ET I N. ENDLESS CAVEOVER 4 ,000 F T TAPED, 2,000 OF THAT IS NEW SURVEY. SEVERAL SMALL CAVES IN T H E AREA WERE COMPLETEL Y MAPPED. D ICK AND DWIGHT DEAL ACCOMPLISHED AN IMPRESSi VE AMOUNT OF SURFACE GEOLOG I CAL WORK, PETE LINDSLEY REQUESTED THAT ALL T HOSE WHO ATTENDED THE PROJECT WRITE UP AN ACCOUNT OF THE I R EXPER I ENCES AND SUBMI T THEM TO HIM SO THAT A COMPOS ITE MAY WRI TTEN FOR PUBL I CAT ION IN THE N.S.S. MUCH WORK REMAI NS TO BE DONE, 0LLENE BUNDRAN T ANNOUNCED THAT INCOME FROM SALES O F Y E 0LDE HISTORY" HAVE EXCEEDED T HE I NVESTMENT AND SUGGE STED THAT THE PROCE BE REDUCED TO 50 TO ENCOURA GE SALES OF REMAIN ING VOLUMES. PETE L I NDSLEY P LA CED THE MOTION ON T HE FLOOR, M. TURNER SECONDED, THE BOARD UNANIM OUSLY APPROVED, THE REDUCED PRICE IS IMMEDIATELY EFFECTIVE. ELECTION: JACK c. BURCH, CHAIRMAN (N.B.C. CAVERNS, SAN ANTONIO) BY MAJORITY VOTE. 0EWAYNE DICKEY, VICE-CHAIRMAN, (HousToN) BY ACCLAMATION, 0LLENE BUNDRANT, SECRETARY/TREASURER, RE-ELECTED BY -ACCLAMATION. PETE LINDSLEY DISPLAYED A MAP oF PowELL's CAvE AND ASKED TSA TO CONSIDER ANOTHER PROJECT IN 1967 TO COMPLETE THE CARL KUNATH REMINDED THE GROUP THAT IT HAD BEEN DECIDED AT A PREVIOUS MEETING THAT WE SHOULD HOLD A "WORK" PROJECT ANNUALLY, AND A "FUN" PROJECT AT A SEPARATE TIME. DICK SMITH PROPOSED THAT KENDALL COUNTY AND REAL COUNTY BE CONSIDERED AS POSSIBLE PROJECT Sl TES, PoSSIBLE CONVENTION SITES DUGGESTED INCLUDED SAN MARCOS, SAN ANGELO, AusT 1 N, BoERNE. DEWAVNE DICKEY ASKED THAT RECOMMENDATIONS BE SUBMITTED TO HIM FOR CONSIDERATION, THAT HE WILL REVIEW POSSIBILITIES AND SEND ANNOUNCEMENTS IN THE NEAR FUTURE, THE MEETING ADJOURNED AT 3:00P.M. A SLIDE PROGRAM WAS PRESENTED BY PETE LINDSLEY, SLIDES OF THE ARKANSAS CAVE COUNTRY AND CAVES, AND CARL KUNATH, SLIDES OF THE 1966 N.S.S. CONVENTION IN SEQUOIA NAT. PARK. NSS CAVE FILES HAS NEW CHAIRMAN! THE NEW CHAIRMAN OF THE NSS CAvE FILES IS ALICE STEINKE (RouTE 2, Box176A; ONALASKA, WISCONSIN 54650). TAKING OVER FROM RICHARD ANDERSON IN NEW JERSEY, ALICE WILL RECEIVE TWO ISSUES OF THE TEXAS CAVER EVERY MONTH TO CLIP AND FILE IN THE NSS FILES, ALL CAVE DATA FROM SURVEYS OR EX PLORATIONS YOUR GROUP HAS DONE IS GREATLY APPRECIATED BY THE NSS FILES CHAIRMAN AND WILL BE ENTERED ON IBM LISTINGS. THE GROTTO MANUAL EXPLAINS THE RELEASE OF INFORMATION FROM THESE FILES TO OTHER PARTIES,

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THE TEXAS CAVER, DECEM3ER 9 1966 PAGE 161 "YE OLDE HISTORY" NOW! ONLY 50 THERE'VE BEEN GOOD TIMES.,. THERE' VE BEEN BAD, THERE' VE BEEN HAPPY DAYS THERE' VE BEEN SAD. ToGETHER WE WORK; TOGETHER WE PLAY: ALL1S TOLD IN THE HISTORY OF T S. A. 8888 "THERE WE WAS" 8888 so A CARTOON BOOK ABOUT, FOR, AND BY, CAVERSo CARTOONIST-AUTHOR, BILL HELMER, HAS HILARIOUSLY ILLUSTRATED THE 11ESSENCE11 OF S I TUAT I ONS ENCOUNTERED, SOONER OR LATER, BY EVERY CAVE-CRAWLER. ., ORDER BOTH TODAY! 11YE 0LDE HISTORY" AND "THERE WE WAS11 ONLY 50 EACH. WRITE To: T. S.A. 107 ToMAHAWK TRAIL, SAN ANTONIO, TEXAS 78232 +11111111111111 I I I I I I I II II I II I I I II ***** 6 5 PUBLICATIONS-$5.00 **** A.M.C.S. NOW HAS AVAILABLE THIS PACKAGE OFFER: 65 PUBLICATIONS-NEWSLETTERS, SPECIAL REPORTS, MAPS, BuLLETINS ALL ABOUT CAVES IN MEXICO. ALL ONLY $5.00 ORDER FROM: A.M.C.S. Box 7672 U.T. STATION AuSTIN, TExAs 78712 ************************************ N ATIONAL GEOGRAPH I C AND THE TEXAS CAVER CAME OUT THE SAME DAY WITH AN ARTICLE ON TAKING PICTURES WITH LASER LIGHT, How's THAT FOR KEEPING UP WITH THE JONES7 NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC IS SOME JONES! THE CAVE -ASSOCIATED SALAMANDERS OF TEXAS CONTINUED FROM PAGE 148: I WOULD VERY MUCH APPRECIATE HAVING A CHANCE TO SEE ANY SALAMANDERS OR OTHER ANIMALS TAKEN I N CAVES, THE FOLLOW ING KEY TO THE CAVE-ASSOCIA TED SALAMANDERS OF TEXAS IS INTENDED PRIMARILY TO READILY SEPARATE THE SPECIES NOW KNOWN FROM CAVES. WITH RESPECT TO THE TROGLOBITIC EURYCEA THIS CAN ONLY BE DONE BY AN EXPERT I N THE GROUP, UNLESS THE SPECIMENS ARE TAKEN FROM THE ORIGINAL SITE KEY FOR IDENTIFICATION 1, MARKED WITH PROMINENT YELLOW SPOTS OR BARS ON A DARK BACKGROUND. MAY OR MAY NOT BE NEOTENICl AMBYSTOMA T I GRINUM 1' CoLOR NOT AS ABOVE. SEE 2 2. A L IGHT LINE IS PRESENT FROM THE POSTERIOR CORNER OF THE EYE TO THE ANGLE OF THE JAW. NOT NEOTEN IC, BUT WITH AN AQUATIC LARVAL STAGE. 5 TOES ON HAND FOOT, EAST TEXAS: 0ESMOGNATHUS FUSCUS 2'. LINE FROM EYE TO JAW ABSENT. MAY OR MAY NOT BE NEOTENIC. 4 OR 5 TOES ON HIND FOOT. SEE 3 3. FoUR TOES ON HIND FOOT. EAST EuRY CEA QUADRIDIGITTATUS 3' F I VE TOES ON HIND FOOT. EDWARDS PLATEAU. SEE 4 4. No AQUAT I C LARVAL STAGE. COLOR BLACK TO BLACK WITH SILVER FLECKS ALONG BACK AND SIDES, SLIMY TO THE TOUCH: PHETHODON GLUTINOUSUS 41 NEOTENIC. CoLOR NOT AS ABOVE. NoT SL I MY. EuRVCEA SPP. THE ENDo

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PAGE 1 6 2 THE TEXAS CAVER, DECEMBER, 1966 GROTTO NEWS! GROTTO NEWS! GROTTO NEWS: DALLAS-FORT WORTH GROTTO, N.S.S.: DURING THE THANKSGIVING WEEK-END 0ALLASITES EXPENDED THE EFFORT TO VENTURE FORTH FROM THE CAVELESS BLACKLAND, ONE TRIPLED BY 01CK MOORE AND INCLUDING ToM HOOPER, BILL AND ART P1 ERcE, BossY RicE, GORDON WEBB AND BILL LAGOW EXPLORED THE E X TREME NORTHWEST CORNER OF OKLAHOMA, THIS GYPSUM AREA I S R I DDLED WITH CAVES AND MANY WERE CHECKED OUT, THEY HAD NO FORMATIONS BUT THERE ARE VERY INTERESTING ROCK FORMAT I ONS I N THE A REA, ALL T HE CAVES HAD LARGE SLOPING SINK-TYPE ENTR ANCE S AND MOST AVERAGED ABOUT 6 0 T O 70 FEET BELOW THE SURFACE. ALL WERE CHARACTER I ZED BY SAND FLOORED CRAWLWAY S WITH SOME SMALL ROOMS, I N ONE BAT CAVE SOME COLLECTING WAS DONE FOR OR. WALTON, A BIOLOGIST A T SMU, WHO IS NOW ENGAGED IN BAT RESEARCH, THIS SPRING DR, WALTON S IN TEND ING TO D I RECT A BAT BANDING PROJECT FOR THE DFWG. BoNES oF A LARGE MAMMAL W ITH GRINDING TEETH LARGER THAN A COW WERE FOUND AND ARE BEING IDENTIFIED NOW AT AUSTIN COLLEGE. ONE CAVE WAS ABOUT A QUARTER OF A M ILE LONG AND THE END OF ANOTHER NEVER WAS F OUND, THE SAME WEEK-END LEE SKINNER AND J I M GOODBAR TOOK A TRI P TO THE GUADALUPES TO SEEK OUT P iNK DRAGON CAV E AND TO MEET J 1 M EvATT FROM N.M. ON THE WAY A T R I P WAS MADE T HROUGH FORT STAN TON CAVE AND SEVERAL OTHER I N TERESTING CAVE S IN THE AREA, ONE DA WAS SPENT TRYING TO CHECK OUT LEADS FROM FARMERS WHO WERE ALL JUST ON THEI R WAY T O TOWN AND D IDN1T HAVE T IME J UST THEN TO LEAD THEM TO CAVES THAT THEY "NEVER WOUL D F IND WITHOUT A ANYWAY, THE CAVES ARE THERE, . .MAY BE SOME OTHER TRIP. BECA USE O F T HE ERRONEOUS DIRECTI ONS GIVEN B Y ONE ERRONEO US, IG NOBLE NEW MEXICO T YPE, P INK DRAGON CAVE WAS NOT LOCATED. HOWEVER, THE LONG DAYS WALK THROUGH T HE RUGGED G UADALUPE TERRAIN D I D VI ELD T R IPS THROUGH MUDGETTS CAyE, P ALLETT CAVE AND PINK PANTHER CAVE. A RELAXING, NON-CAVING TYPE THANKSGIVING WAS SPENT AT BIG BEND CLIMBING MOUNTAINS BY THE BURCHES, KUNATHS, AND PETE LINDSLEY. THE ENTIRE GROTTO IS BEMOANING THE FORTHCOMING LOSS OF ONE OF OUR MOST ACTIVE MEMBERS, LEE SKINNER WILL BE LEAVING AROUND THE FIRST OF JANUARY FOR NEW AND GREENER (FOLDING TYPE) FIELDS IN ST. PAUL, M1 NNESOTA, IF THERE AREN1T ENOUGH CAVES THERE WE FULLY EXPECT LEE TO DIG HIS OWN, FOR NONE OF US CAN IMAGINE HIM IN COUNTRY WITHOUT CAVES. HE LEAVES WITH FULL INSTRUCTIONS FROM ALL OF us TOCOME BACK TO TExAs SooN. REPORTED BY: KATHERINE GOODBAR 6621 SuNNYLAND LANE DALLAS, TEXAS 75214 SAN ANTONIO GROTTO NEWS: WITH HUNTING SEASON UPON US MANY OF OUR CAVE AREAS ARE UNDER THE CONTROL OF THE NIMRODS UNTIL JAN. A TRIP To CoRKSCREw CAvE ON THE CLASSEN RANCH BY JIM WELDON, DouGH NuNNELLY, PATRICA PREJEAN, JIM SucEss, MIKE OoRuM, AND VINCE 0RUDING YEILDED SOME VERY MUDDY CAVERS, FROM ONE EXTREME TO THE OTHER AS A TRIP TO LANGTRY GYPSUM NORTH AND SOUTH YEILDED A VERY DRY DUSTY TIME FOR JIM WELDON, DouGH NuNNELLY, RoBERT WILLIAMS, PATRICA PREJEAN, RICHARD ELLIS, ROBERT ISGUR, CAROL DAVIS, KEN KoPsKv, MIKE & VINCE ORUDING AND M1 KE OoRUM, PLANS ARE UNDER WAY FOR A TRIP TO 0EEP CAVE IN DECEMBER AS WELL AS A MEXICO JAUNT TO BUSTAMONTE. -REPORTED BY: R. v. ORUDING TEXAS TECH: THE CLUB NOW HAS A NEW PRESIDENT VIA THE GRADE-POINT ROUTE--BILL HART, FORMER V.P., CAN NOW HAVE THE HEADACHES, IN THE NoVEMBER MEETING IT WAS VOTED TO PROXY THE CLUB1 S VOTE TO THE B.O.G. TO GLENDA KUNATH SINCE LUBBOCK WAS A LITTLE TOO FAR FOR ATTENDANCE. OCTOBER SAW ABOUT 12 TECHSANS ON THE WAY TO CoTTONWOOD, WITH A SIDE

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THE TEXAS 1966 P A GE 1 6 3 T R i P TO HIDDEN, THE SAME F RESH M U D AND WATER THA T W A S FOUND B Y THE 0 -FW CAVERS WAS ALSO REPOR TED, A JOINT TRIP BETWEEN SuL Ross AND TEcH. wAs MADE r N NovEMBER. O R HowE, Boa DuNN, DAN McNuLTY, AND KENNY LOYD, AFTER A SMA LL ENCOUNTER W I T H T HE GAME WARDEN, MET BILL WRIGHT AND FRED M YER FROM ALPI NE FOR A LOOK A T E M ERALD Sr NK. THE UPPER GUANO PASSAGES WERE VISITED FIRDAY, A N D SATURDAY WAS SPENT DOING ROPEWORK IN THE 1401 P IT, 0UE TO S USPECTED BAD A I R AND A SHORTAGE OF EQUIPMENT, THE SECOND PIT OFF THE BOT TOM WAS NOT A TTEMPTED. EVERYONE AGREED THAT THE 50' PRUSS ICK TO T HE BOT TOM OF THE CABLE L A DDERS WAS FOR THE BATS, SUNDAY WAS SPENT I N A NE ARBY CAVE, NAME "uNREMEMBERED" B Y THE GROUP, T HAT WAS ENTERED THROUGH A MOUSE-HOLE AT THE BOTTOM OF A S I NK. ONE CRAWL WAS P U SHED BUT TO NO AVAIL, EvERYONE WAS SO SORE AND BRUI SED FROM THE P R EVIOUS DAY1S ACTIVI T I ES THAT A SHORT DROP, THE MAJOR OF THE CAV E W A S NOT EVEN A TTEMPTED. REPORTED s Y : BoB DuNN CLUB ADDRESS: 249 CARPENTER LUBBOCK, TEXAS VALLEY CAVERS: WE HAVE BEEN REPORTING M UCH LATELY BUT HAV E DONE A BIT OF CAVING, MOSTL Y TO BUSTAMAN TE, WITH O N E T R I P T O GAL E A N A T O LOOK AT SOME S I NKHOLES, I N JUNE, MER Y O ITH T U RNER LED A GROUP TO BUS T AMANTE BUT THEY WERE FLOODED OUT THEY H A D T OFORO T HE CANYON ON F OOT BOTH WAYS, T HEY GOT TO THE CAVE I N POURING RAIN BUT D I D NOT ENTER BECAUSE IT WAS SO LATE. I N A uGusT, OR. ALBACH AND OR. G R I FFIT HS WENT T O GALEANA T O CHECK OUT S OME SINKHOLES, THEY F OUND AN UNDERGROUND R I VER W I TH A N EASY ENT RANCE. I N THE R AI N Y SEASON, A GOODS! :ED R I VER ENTERS THE CAVE. FORTY DOWN T HE P ASS TO LIN ARES, THERE I S A RESURG A NCE THAT MAY BE T HE SAMER I VER I F ANYONE WANTS TO GO THERE, CONT ACT DR. GRIFFITHS; HE HAS A CABI N ON THE RANCH, AND 1 S T HE ONLY ONE T H A T CAN GET PERM I SSt ON. IN SEPTEMBER, TOM WARDEN L E T A GROUP TO BuSTAMANTE I N PERF ECT WEATHER. THEY GOT TO THE BOTTOM O F THE MAIN ROOM BUT BECAUSE MOST OF THE GROUP HAD INADEQUATE L IGHTING, TOOK PIX AND CAME OUT I N OCTOBER, WHILE ToM WARDEN W A S IN THE VETERANS HOSPITAL IN KERRV ULLE, OR, ROGER ALBACH LED A GROUP BACK AGAIN. THEY GOT A LL OF T HE WAY TO THE HALL OF T HE GIANTs, BECAME CONFUSED FOR A WHI L E AND F I NALLY GOT OUT AGAIN A T 3 AM. AT THE CARS, THEY FOUND T HAT ONE HAD BEEN BROKEN INTO AND A JACKET STOLEN, (HAS ANYONE HAD THIS TROUBLE BEFORE?) BECOMING D ISGUSTED AT THOSE T HAT CAVED W ITH ONL Y A FLASHLIGHT, RoGER ALB ACH ST I RRED THE CLUB UP AND GOT THEM READY TO CAVE WITH THE T HREE SOURCES OF LIGHT AND HARD HATS. IN Nov. WHILE WARDEN WAS STILL IN THE HOSPITAL, ALBACH LEO A PROPERLY EQUIPPED GROUP BACK AGAIN. THIS T IME, THEY GOT ALL THE W A Y THROUGH THE HOLE I N THE CURTAIN WALL WITH VERY NICE RESULTS, WHILE THERE, THEY MET A GROUP FROM MONT ERRE Y CALLED "CLUB CRYSTOLERIA" THESE WERE PART OF A LARGER EXPLORING CLUB OF THAT C ITY. THEY WANTED T O EXPLORE FURTHER WITH THE VALLE Y CAVERS AND HAVE S I NCE SENT AN INVITA T ION TO A MEETING OF EXPLORERS IN MONTERREY. RoGER ALBACH HAS JOI NED THE NSS AND rs No. 9541. WE LOST JACK AND JEANI RENNSCHEIDT TO THE ARMY BUT HAVE GAINED THE FOLLOWING NEW MEMBERS, MOSTLY DUE T OTHE PERSUATI ONS OF OR. ALBACH. DE LA CRuz, RrcHARD McALLEN Fuc r K, JoHN (PHD HoRT. ) WESLACO REDMAN, GEORGE H. WESLACO REDMAN, JOHN 0. WESLACO RrLEY DoNALD McALLEN DE L A RosA HEcToR WESLACO SA L DANA, GuADALUPE McALLEN &v11 TH, BoB DoNNA WEST, JAMES A. MONTERREY WE HAVE PROGRESSED FANTA STICALLY I N JUST ONE YEAR, WE NOW HAVE 22 MEMBERS AND OTHERS THAT ARE NOW A TTENDING MEETINGS AND THINKING I T ( CoNT1D. ON BACK)

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THE TEXAS CAVER 4 612 WATAUG A RoAD D ALLAS, TEXAS 75209 OFFIC IAL PUBLICATION OF THE TEXAS SPELEOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION NATIONAL SPELEOLOGICAL SOCIETY (RETURN POSTAGE GUARANTEED) PR I NT ED MATT ER I NDEX CONT i NUED : TEXAS TECH SPELEOLOGICAL SOCIETY: 1 0 '40 '8 1 56 77 2 1 71 "THAT's WRONG-You'RE RIGHT.": 36 T R A v ER T I N E DAM s g J TRuFELS GRUBE : o2, 39 T.S A MEMBERSH IP& 49, 50, 78,, 17, 89 TSA 1967 OF FICERs: 132 Two THoUSAND FooT SHELTER: 39 UNIVERSITY OF TExAS GROTTo: 5 6 103, 19' 1 2 7' 1Li 4 u. s. FISH HAT CHERY WELL: 147 VANDALS: 5, 1 )1, 150 "VAND ALS STR IKE AT 5 VENT S : 86 V E R A T C A. : 1 )6 1 ) 7 V INSON, JoN: 7 7 "VISI T ING AMERICAN C AVES11g11Q W ATE RFA L L CAVE 1}4 WALK UP CAvE: W ALKI N G P A SSAGE : 25 WARDEN, ToM: 82, 163 WEsT TExAs PREss AssoctATtoN: 104 "WESTINGHOUSE ADV ENTURES PROGRAM: 52 WETBACKSg 99 WILSON'S CAVE & 55 WONDER CAVE: 147 Wo o D D A v 1 D : 1 2 "YEAR OF CALCULATIONS": b TO: GROTTO NEWS CONTINUED: OVER. AND THIS IS JUST IN WESLACO AND McALLEN. SoMEDAY WE HOPE TO FORM SUBDIVISIONS IN OTHER VALLEY CITIES, FOR MOST OF THE MUNICIPALITIES HERE ARE SO CLOSE TOGETHER THAT ALL OF THE WAY FROM MISSION TO HARLINGEN, IT'S ALMOST LIKE ONE B I G C I T Y, THIS IS OUR LIST OF OFFICERS FOR 1966. WE DID NOT ELECT THEM IN TIME FOR THE 1966 MEMBERSHIP LIST IN THE TEXAS CAVER, CHAtRMANg ToM WARDEN VtcE CHAIRMAN: RoGER ALBACH SEc./TREAS.: BoB SMtTH EQUIPMENT CHAIRMAN! FILMORE MEREDITH RESEARCH/LIBRARIAN: JOHN KREIDLER CLUB ADDREss: To!Vl WARDEN 119 N. BERMUDA WESLACO, TEXAS 78596 #*#*#*#*#*#*I GOT SOME MONEY LEFT OVER FROM THOS CHRISTMAS BILLS? THEN INVEST IT I N SOME GOOD Ll TERATURE, SEE PAGES 158 AND 161 FOR SOME OF THE BEST BUYS IN CAVING PUBLICATIONS EVER! #*#*#*#*#*#** BEWARE OF FAST CAVE HODAGS I*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*#*# # S U B S C R I B E # # * T 0 # T H E # * T E X A S # * C A V E R # # N 0 W # # #


Description
Contents: The
cave-associated salamanders of Texas / James Reddell --
Salamander picture --
At the hill and points beyond / Ronnie Fieseler --
Speleological Society of Amerca excerpted / K. Goodbar --
New rock drill --
A historical grotto meeting and letter to the TSA --
Index --
"The Life of the Cave" / review by K. Goodbar --
Texas Speleological Association B.O.G. meeting 11/13/66
--
Grotto news.