The Texas Caver

The Texas Caver

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The Texas Caver
Series Title:
The Texas Caver
Texas Speleological Association
Texas Speleological Association
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Regional Speleology ( local )
Technical Speleology ( local )
serial ( sobekcm )
United States


General Note:
Contents: Project 36 / Pete Lindsley -- Some observations on Powell's Cave / Pete Lindsley -- From the Chairman / Jack C. Burch -- Another kind of conservation / James R. Reddell -- Speleo images -- Food for the hungry caver "prepare" to eat well / Steve Stanton -- News -- From the Editor / George Gray -- Advertisements information.
Open Access - Permission by Publisher
Original Version:
Vol. 12, no. 6 (1967)
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See Extended description for more information.

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University of South Florida Library
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University of South Florida
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K26-04513 ( USFLDC DOI )
k26.4513 ( USFLDC Handle )
10672 ( karstportal - original NodeID )
0040-4233 ( ISSN )

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THE T E X A S C A V E R, VOLUME XIII, NUMBER 6 COVER "LAKE OF TRANQUILITY", the Second Lake in Cave of the Lakes, Real County. The photo by George Gray features Blanche Lilly as the subject, a fine cover girl. Blanche is the wife of R. Bryant Lilly of Abilene, and she is an officer in the Abilene Grotesque Grotto, NSS. She is a mother, a housewife, a well-digger, and a good assistant. And she is a very good 'caver'. THE TEXAS CAVER is a monthly publication of the Texas Speleological Association, and is published in Abilene, Texas. Material for publication should be typed, double spaced, and sent to the Editor no later than the 6th of each month of issue. Subscription price is $3.00 per year for twelve issues. STAFF GEORGE W. GRAY JAMES H. ESTES BRYANT LILLY . . EDITOR PUBLISHER PHOTOLITHOGRAPHER BART CRISMAN ADVERTISING MANAGER PETE LINDSLEY PHOTO TIPS EDITOR ABILENE GROTTO , ASSEMBLY THE TEXAS SPELEOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION is an organization of caving and speleological organiza-tions in the State of Texas. Its aims and purposes are similar to those of the National Speleological Society (NSS). Present officers of the Texas Speleological Association are: JACK C. BURCH . CHAIRMAN DEWAYNE DICKEY . VICE CHAIRMAN OLLENE BUNDRANT SECRETARY-TREASURER 107 Tomahawk Trail San Antonio, Texas 78232 CONTENTS PAGE PROJECT 36 by Pete Lindsley . 79 SOME OBSERVATIONS ON POWELLS CAVE by Pete Lindsley 82 FROM THE CHAIRMAN by Jack C. Burch 84 A NOTHER KIND OF CONSERVATION by James R. Reddell 85 SPELEO IMAGES 86 FOOD FOR THE HUNGRY CAVER "Prepare" To Eat Well, by Steve Stanton 87 W S . . 87 F ROM THE EDITOR ... by George Gray 89 ADVERTISEMENTS Information 90 "TAKE NOTHING BUT PICTURES -LEAVE NOTHING BUT FOOTPRINTS"


JUNE, 1967 T H E T E X A S CAVE R Page 79 PROJECT 36 by Pete Lindsley It was after midnight and there was just one other car following us on the dark highway. We slowed down as we rounded the bend and spotted the gate. The other ear slowed, then sped by, as we pulled through the gate and headed on dawn the dusty ranch road. At least someone else had been down the road we noted, for it was well marked with white flags, gracias a Tom Meador we later found out. Then through the trees we spotted a light and then another. Cavers! "Is this the way to Longhorn Caverns", we asked? No, this was just the way to the longest mapped cavern in the state, we were informed. We saw faces from Abilene, Austin, San Antonio, San Angelo, Dallas, and more. An hour later more had arrived and things began to quiet down as the TSA cavers sacked out until morning. The next morning, the 6th of May, found the 30 or so cavers carefully looking over the 3' xlO' map of Powell 'a Cave. Ten major sections were marked off and it seemed a hard choice indeed for most of the mapping teams. Chuck Larsen handed out mapping packets complete with station and map books and sections were assigned to teams. Some of the eavers had never been in the cave and almost all of us had not been there since Project 72, 2-1/2 years ago. Today we intended to add to the existing 7-1/2 miles of surveyed and make some corrections on past surveys that were in erro"' First in the eave was Burnett, Davis, Dean and Tracy, headed toward the area near the Second Crevice or Station 3. Finding some upper levels accessible through a narrow chimney, the group was in the cave for seven and a quarter hours. Mapped footage in the upper level and additional footage in the middle maze level amounted to 832 feet. Also reported was a 1000 foot connection through a "very narrow slit" to a 503 foot skylight (ventana Jabili, perhaps7) Spending nine and three quarter hours in the cave were Smith, Erickson, Mitchell a n d Fish, who pushed a low (1 foot high) crawl in the Maze Section. Over red clay and thin slabbing breakdown and around clay banks the group pushed onward until they broke through into the lrfl'A passage, a ''beautiful" p a s s age like a subway! The lrfl'A Passage went stra:l@Pt ahead until blocked by a breakdown 450 feet to the east. Eight foot high domes were found over 2-1/2 foot "sand piles". Going back t o one of the numerous junctions, a bypass was soon found around the breakdown and the MTA Passage was continued 50 feet beyond the break down block. Not fully realizing where they were, the ambitious cavers pushed the passage exactly 30 feet too far. Yep! You guessed it! Their passage !:!!!. off the !!!!E. by 30 feet. 2098 feet total mapped passage, (Not 3700 ft. as reported in the May CAVER. "Too small for hard hat? and "sea urchins in ceiling" was what the group led by Suzy Loving found. Heading out to the Third Crevice area for ten hours were Suzy, Dennis and Judy Sustare, and Eric Griggs. Picking up the Survey, the group mapped 857 feet in very difficult passage neaded mostly north. Little did they know that they were to map to within a little over 100 feet from Hell Hole Passage. "Lower passage may go, very small" was noted in the part closest to Hell Hole. Of intl!!rerl was_ a squirrel dkeleton found in the maze. "Muddiest map book of the Project Award" goes to the group led by David Merideth. Fowler, Vinson, Walker, Ripley and Hendricks, followed David to the passage he remembered from Project 72. Through the maze and down Chucks Chimney they went and then waded downstream to the lead that had been checked for only 300 feet. On downstream was the siphon they hoped to bypass via this lead above the water level. About 300 feet down the 3-foot high passage they discovered a very strange thing. Something else was also using their passage! Down the center of the passage was a small trench--a miniature crevice passage! And down this small path was a procession of ants. Were these surface ants on their way down their own "crevice passage" to obtain water? Perhaps further study will determine the facts. The explorers named the passage the Ant Path Pas sage and pushed on ahead. 965 feet marked the last page of the map book and also the passage, for it ended in breakdown. At 10:35 PM the tired group climbed up the wire fence out of the main entrance. The Ant path Passage almost ran off the big map, coming within feet of the edge, but the siphon bypass was not achieved. Fieseler, Lindsley and Fieseler headed out for Hell Hole Passage to complete the sketch of the "Bad One". 'IVo and a half years before, David Lyman had taken the sketch book with him to Colorado never to answer a letter or return the data book. For 2-1/2 years Hell Hole remained only a single line on the Powell's Cave,


Page 8 0 T H E T E X A S map, and only a "memory sketch" drawn by Lee Skinner gave any indication of the passage characteristics. "Might go" marked by Lee at the end of the passage didn't go. Only 50 feet were added to the map here. But 80 feet were added in a small roore where Skinner had indicated "Doesn't go". (With the aid of a shovel to dig through!) A dome was found just on the other side of the Circular Ledge Room (a nice 15 foot high 20 foot diameter dome room itself) that blew air. Attempts. to dig up into an upper level were halted due to lack of proper equipment. If it blows, does it go? s k Skinner. Eight and three quarter hours in the cave brought only 375 feet of mapped passage, although one dome-pit vas partially climbed tmt was eXpected to connect with the Abilene Upper Level. Olsen, Robi n son and Larsen spent nine and one half hours in the area of the Big Bend portion of the Crevice Passage (just past Station 4). Pushing many side leads and doing some re in and out of the Crevice, the three surveyed 1712 feet. T hey found a room with what they claimed to be the largest breakdown block in the cave, a Big Mutha! Would you believe "Big Mutha Breakdown Blook Room"? Also to their credit was the discovery of tvo real (not mud) soda straws in the Soda Straw Room. Estes, Meador Dodge a n d Lilly were gone for eight and one half hou r s During Project 72, both Estes and Lilly were on a team including Fowler and Dickey and found a walking passage in an upper level the y dubbed Medlin's Attic. Upon returni n g to the surface after Project 72, they learned from Dane Bradford of Menard that they wer e nea r another extension to the same upper level. He had photos to show to them. The group spent hours of crawling in already wApped areas and in dead-end pits in an effort t o find the lost passage of Bradfords. No luck. A short 87 -foot extension to the Fudge Room area was mapped to its small break down filled end. On their way back down the chimney, Lilly crawle d a short distance in a previously marked "small" passage only to find that it kept goin g Lack of time prevented the mapping of the 2-foot high passage. (Popular belief is that t hey wer e really "lost" for seven hours.) Saturday night after all had returned from the horrors of La Cueva, someone looked at the cave register. One team was still signed "in". Marydith Turne r had led a team way up the Crev ice to the "F" sectio n At 1 0 PM Turner, Tracy, Richardson an d Broa d u s h a d s till not returned. "They probably foun d a goo d passage 'to was the comment. At 1 1 PM, they might be lost Maryd i th was the only one vho had even been in the cave an d t he y were lost vhen we passed them in the Crevice!" At 12 midnight, "Maybe they really are lost. I am sure they are smarter than t o stay more t han 15 hours in Powell s Cave A t 1 AM, "They are lost for sure! D oes any one want to put in a call for the Careless A.S.S. Resc ue Team? I am going to C A V E R JUNE, 1967 THE CREVICE PASSAGE. A section of the walking passage in the Crevice near the entrance, Pow ell's Cave, Menard County, Texas. (Photo is by pete Lindsley Pan-X film)


JUNE, 1967 T H E T E X A S C A V E R Page 81 hit the sack. We can rescue them in the morning after breakfast." At 2 sounds issued forth from the sink. It was the "lost" cavers. Seems they didn't have a watch and had only been looking for new passage to map. in the confused "F" Section. After 16-1/2 hours they had only 300 feet. The next morning {after lunch) found the same group with the addition of Eric Griggs mapping once again near the entrance in the maze area. Making up for lost time, the groupd mapped about 1176 feet tying together loose ends. Approximately two-thirds was some much needed resurvey to complete the master map Entrance Maze Area. Sunday morning also found Ronnie and Roger Fieseler, Dicky Morrison and Bobby Wood head ing out to the newly maze area at the head of A. Richard's MI'A Passage. F i v e hours later the group had made it back to the "H" section and added 458 feet to the survey. Arriving late in the day on Saturday was Luther and Ollene Bundrant with Ken Jones and Chris Collinge. Four and three quarter hours in the cave was enough for Ollene who resolved never to go back. However, Sunday found Jones, Collinge, Robinson and Olsen heading back to photograph the old initials in the Inscription Room (Hilton Room). Chuck and Luther photographed the mapping team working near the en trance while Lindsley and Meador went down the Crevice Passage to the water Passage to make some photographs Many Rhadine beetles were reported by most of the groups. Merideth, Vinson, Fowler, Ripley, Walker and Hendricks also made a short trip to the crevice on Sunday. Over 8ooo feet were surveyed during Pro ject 36 (36 cavers, 36 hours). At least a mile of this was new passage. Of significance, however is the fact that some of the mapped passage was resurvey. In the past, groups had made errors of closure as well as just failing to tie in to an existing point on previously surveyed passage. Just to confuse things, there were "M" section markers half way up the Crevice (the "M" survey was originally assigned the maze area east of the entrance). The "17M" section, for instance, tied into the "4H" section which has not been plotted to this day because of a major closure error. (Note: the "17M" section should have tied into the "G" section in the Crevice below since the Crevice survey was the base survey.) Then along came another caver/mapper with good intentions and started up his own "" survey. He tied into the "19M" survey which tied into the above mentioned "l7lvi" survey. To top things off, the random choice of a new survey designation r esulted in two "Z" surveys. One was in the upper level and the second (all of six stations) was right underneath on the maze level! That's why we have to go back and resurvey passage already mapped. An attempt to plot all the mapped passage on the master map will be made before more copies are made. Then we hope to have avail able small sections of the big map ( 1" s 50 ) for distribution to the mapping teams on the next project. Except for virgin passage beyond a few 1 and 2 foot crawls, the leads are few indeed. During Project 36 not a single stupid caver tried to push the upstream passage or the upper end of the Crevice Passage. The smart cavers didn't push these passages either. The new major area discovered this time was the Ml'A Passage heading east from Station 3. This is a prime area for additional miles of passage next time. In addition, the maze level between Stations 3 and 4 offers similar leads at the eastern extent of the mapped pas sage. The mapped length of powell's Cave stands now at approximately 8-1/2 miles, by far the longest mapped cavern in the state of Texas. With a bit of work we should be able to push over the ten miles mark. How abOut it? PROJECT 36 Attendance: Luther Bundrant Ollene Bundrant Chris Collinge Bob Burnett James Broadus Jonathan 0. Davis Bill Dean David Dodge James Estes Roger Fieseler Ronnie Fieseler John Fish Suzanne Fowler Eric Griggs Randy Hendricks Ken Jones Chuck Larsen Bryant Lilly Pete Lindsley Tom t-leador David Merideth Karen tche ll Dick Morrison Bert Olsen Robert Richardson James Ripley Norman :Robinson A. Richard Smith Dennis Sustare Judy Sustare Diane Tracy Tom Tracy Merydith Turner Jon Vinson 'llommy Walker Bobby Wood Statistics: Team !'!an Hours 1 29 2 39 3 40 4 80 5 26 6 28 7 34 8 66 9 30 10 20 --Total 392 jl-lllppea Passage .l.''eetfmanfhour 832 28 2098 54 857 21 965 12 375 14 1712 62 87 3 300 5 1176 39 458 ____ -8860 22.5 {Avge)


Page 82 THE T E X A S C A V E R JUNE, 1967 SOME OBSERVATIONS ON POWELLS CAVE by Pete Lindsley It was just about five years ago that Blair Pittman notified the Dallas-Ft. Worth Grotto that he knew of a cave that should be checked. He bad talked to a kid that bad 'been through "miles" of cave and was presently helping his Uncle in an attempt to grow mushrooms in the humid cave air. "Railroad Trap Cave" or Jackpit Mine the cavern was called. I wondered, was this the lost Jim Bowie Mine? It was very close to J. Frank Dobie's locations on Silver Creek. But the cave's history is another story to be covered in detail on Texas Caver pages. Now I wa.s-ruDning after this 12 year old kid with a single flashlight and no hardhat. The others bad headed up towards the "second Crevice" while the kid showed me the "mile or so of passage"tbat he knew like the back of his band" He took ne down the "First Crevice" to the water passage, a small room with some clear cold water. He said his Uncle had once explored two or three miles down the water passage years ago and bad mentioned two windmill pipes intersecting the passage. The second pipe 'ARB "The one at the Neal Ranch because he heard and recognized voices while listening at the pipe." The kid and I both looked at the water and followed it until it appeared to siphon. (Two years later I was to find myself in the water pushing a nearby low water crawl with scant inches of airspace over the water. After 100 ft and past three water-looged "beaver dams" you can imagine my pleasure in finding the first \rindmill pipe!) The kid said that upstream the dug mine shaft connected the water passage with the surface. We could see the steel cable that bad been used to transfer equipment across the water by the kid's uncle and/or Grandfather who was reported to have dug the shaft. The kid also said that his Uncle (a real hero tyPe by now!) bad explored miles of the cave and knew of several entrances One was a natural shaft of small diameter that connected with the surface in a knoll of trees within 1/2 mile of the natural entrance, the one we use today. In 1960 or 1961 his Uncle had dug out the natural entrance which bad been blasted shut in years past for some unknown reason. Today we can see some of the large boulders near the natural entrance which were removed in the "dig--out" process. Another entrance was said to be found past a tortuously low crawlwa.y miles and miles down a mysterious route known only to the kid's Uncle. It found the first windmill pipe. Could the entrances be found or explained? 4oo feet southeast of the natural entrance is a large sink. Cool cave air h a a been noticed in places around the &ink (as well as rattlesnakes). Evidence of this sink in the cave passages below. It is my belief that another entrance at one time existed at the south end of the Big Sink. The kid and others have mentioned the time that a party of stout men carried one or more barrels of dye to the cave and'dumped it into the river". One of their party rode horseback up and down the banks of nearby San Saba River for several hours but the resurgence of the dye was never spotted. A "Barre 1 of dye" w o u ld reach the "river" in the cave much easier through a Big Sink Entrance than through today's natural entrance, for the time of the dying was said to be before the time of the dug shaft. Another supporting fact is found in the inscription Room (Hilton Room). The initials "S. D.B 4 -18-16" are deeply carved in the rock there. A route to thiiS room at the "end" of that section of the cave would have probably been easier from a Big Sink Entrance than today's tortuous crawlway from the natural entrance. Had the old-timer placed his initials after the natural entrance he could probably have found a better "end" to his cave. And how did the first windmill pipe happen to hit thewater below? Was the well for a homesteader or was it drilled by the railroad to provide water for the loads of cattle staying i n the "trap"? Could there have been a ca. ve entrance in the Big Sink that led down to the water passage? I think there is a good chance there was such an entrance. The Egg Shaped Sink is only about 1000 ft.


JUNE, 1967 T H E T E X A S from today's "end" of the upper crevice. Al though the Egg Shaped Sink is not in line with the crevice, the crevice might make another "Big Bend as found near Station 4." Legend also says that the Egg Shaped Sink was once an extensive cavern with miles of passage. One of the Menard County Rancbwomen remembers going into the sink when a little girl. With only a _"small duck-under" at the entrance, passages to the maze level in Powell's Cave were reported. Local residents also tell of times when Silver Creek would flood and the Egg Shaped SinK would be transformed into a giant mael strom of boiling muddy water. Who built the rock wall that surrounds a portion of the Egg Sha,ped Sink? The Spaniards? Jim Bowie? 0 r of people who have labored to sink the numerous shafts around the sink? Some of the shafts are reported to connect with cave passages. Do any connect with Powell's Cave? Unanswered questions in 1967. But the TSS Historian is hard at work attempting to answer my questions. I wonder if the kid's Uncle had' found another exit from the cave in the Silver Mine Area? It is easy to guess at some of.the geological history of Powell's Cave--particularly when one is not a geologist. The first im pression is that the Crevice passage is an ancient stream passage, now dry. The upstream end is the Upper Crevice closest to the Egg Shaped Sink. Perhaps the Sink once connected with the Crevice. Or if it didn't connect then perhaps there is another great crevice just to the north that was once fed by the water hungry sink in the bed of Silver Creek. The upper end of the crevice is quite different than the part that most '!'SA cavers know. The Upper Crevice _is only two tq four feet in height in most places, and ru-qil dui east-neading downstream There are only a few side passages in the Upper Crtvice and the maze level is non-existant. The Upper Crevice runs approximately 3000 feet paralleling the ranch road only 50 or 60 feet above. At Station 5, about half way through the Upper Crevice, the passage begins to gain height. From 5 and 6 feet the ceiling slowly rises until mostly easy "walking" passage is encountered at the east end at the Big Bend. Geologically the Big Bend is very unusual. The big rip-roaring stream passage suddenly makes a 180 degree turn and heads west! Then south, back again east and then the Crevice winds around but trends mostly south. The maze levels appear at the Big Bend on both sides of the Crevice. The Serpentine Root Room passage comes in from the west and connects with the Crevice. On the other side of tbe Crevice is found the "F" Section--a jumbled-up multi-level maze-ness. Was there some kind of fault that .caused the Big Bend From the Big Bend southward the cave is mostly formed along the north-eouth and east-C A V E R Page 83 west trending joints. The Crevice begins to zig-zag following this trend. At the "corners" in over a dozen locations can be seen what resembles small whirlpools About 4 or 5 feet in diameter, these whirlpools give evidence that some water current sometime existed through this portion of the Crevice. Careful observations today (and on initial explorations five years ago when the Crevice was almost in virgin condition) also indicates that standing pools .of water in the round cup-shaped whirlpools once existed. Proof is given by the formation of a heavy layer of cave ice, a calcite forma tion resulting from supersaturated standing pools of water. Hundreds of boots have since obliterated most of the cave ice, whose origi nal thickness was noted to be an average of 3/16 inch. On top of this cave ice format:f on were numerous solid calcite balls ranging in size from 1/8 to 1/2 inch in diameter. In addition were thin shells of portions of hollow calcite balls. Finally near the Third Crevice passage the main Crevice trends back east and then south. The level below the Third Crevice has at times a layer of damp mud on the floor. Did the Third Crevice act as a feeder passage to the main Crevice? At the south end of the Crevice the passage comes to a halt, and at breakdown! Where did the water roaring through a mile and a half of crevice passage go at this breakdown? The floor at the south end of the Crevice indicated that water had once. backed up from the breakdown. I think that the roaring river that once was in the Crevice actually used the breakdown. Surface geology shows up a huge sink over the breakdown. By going through a narrow crawlway in the breakdown the present-day water passage may be reached. This water passage almost siphons a hundred feet stream. I think that when the present -day water passage floods the low water crawl siphcns and the constriction backs up the water into the lower end of the Crevice until the :system drains. The Crevice gets larger going doWn stream from the entrance: and the maze -level above intersects the top of the At this point along the Crevice the overburden was weakened and the large surface sink was formed. There is even evidence there was once an entrance to the system from this large sink. Bison bones nearby indicate an entrance existed years ago, and recent legends and the Inscription Room indicate the Big Sink entrance to the cave was only closed in recent times. The present-day water passage is perhaps the most interesting in the cave. Apparently this passage is separated from the majority of the cave. At the time of this writing we do not know where the water comes from. Nor do we know where it goes. Does it connect with Neal's Cave? Surely it connects with known springs in the area or else with the San Saba River. In the future a controlled dye-test will tell us where the river goes, perhaps. At least one


Page 84 T HE T E X A S windmill pipe intersects with water passage. and a man-dug mine shaft also intersects the water to one side. The 200 feet of water passage that may be easily reached from t h e Crevice has crawfish in it. Did these enter rrom -tne mine shaft or were theY washed in from far upstream? Five years ago I saw a snake skeleton along side of the water and vas told that the "ants" (Rhadine beetles) had feasted on the unlucky snake only weeks before. BJ t the snake probably fell in through the mine shaft. There is stlll the question of where the water source is located. I feel that the upstream portion of the passage does not connect with the surface within several :niles. Evidence is given for this statement by only one observation during a heavy rain. On the initial exploration of the downstream passage, entry vas gained through the low water crawl. Then a half hour later while exploring Chuck's Chimney and the upper level maze nearby the three of us heard thunder---through 30 or 4 0 feet of solid rock! Some storm! The upper levels were quite dry and 20 feet above the water level, so ve felt quite safe even though ve decided it must be raining up above. Watching the water level very closely ve explored downstream but decided to turn back about 100 feet from the siphon where the ceiling begins to lover. By the time we had made it back to the low water crawl the water level had not changed one bit. We discovered on reaching the surface that there had been a sudden cloudburst topside. In addition the San Saba River at the "low water crossing" on the way to Ft. McKa.vett was five feet deep in water. Unless the water passage experienced a rise :nore than two hours after the thunderstorm, ve can thereby say that the upstream passage probably does not connect directly with the surface nearby. The plot of the water passage is also very interesting. It appears to zig-zag just like the main Crevice Passage. A most interesting fact is that no presently known passage crosses over the water passage. The maze level above ends in either breakdown or fill as it approaches a point over the water passage. Attempts to push the vest end of the Third Crevice to connect with the upstream end of the water passage have ended in failure so far. However the damp lower levels of the Third Crevice area seem to indicate some sort of connection with the water passage. perhaps when the upstream end of the water passage floods the water backs up into the Third Crevice. This could certainly happen because the mine shaft that intersects the water passage almost blocks off the flow of water, and any sudden water rise would probably fill the upstream passage. A n interesting observation vas made during Project 36 halfway through Hell Hole Passage. A ring of mud vas seen in a shallow ceiling .dome above the clay-floored passage. The mud ring vas slightly different in color as comC A V E R JUNE, 1967 pared to the clay floor. This seems to indicate that many years ago when the main crevice once flooded and water backed up into Hell which feeds into the Crevice and air pocket remained in the shallow dome and the muddy water caused the ring of mud. Later floodings may have replaced one type of mud with another on the floor below the dome. Chalkification has later covered the clay fill in many of the passages, but most particularly in the upper lev els where a receding water table may have caused dry conditions for a longer time. How a caver performs in a cave has a lot to do with cave conservation --which is what this message is about. This state seems to have many caves with more than the usual amount of delicate cave formations. The kind that cannot be stepped up on, bumped, scraped, handled and yes in some cases even breathed upon without breakage. Usually the caver has no intention of breaking these beautiful formations, but does so in a careless manner. He has to stoop to miss those soda straws only to have his pack or other gear scrape them down. He would not deliberately stomp out cave coral; but wh e n h e climbs around nunting that favorite camera angle, he accomplishes the same thing. A trail is usually established on a floor along the "path of l east r esistance." Woe to the delicate formations growing there! But the careless c aver carelessly widens this trail to include the sloping walls. The conscientious caver tries to improve his carelessness (or clumsiness) and may master it, only to bring with him three or four cavers new to the art of didging a long soda straw. The destruction continues. Establish that e xtremely narrow cave trail and stay within it. Give all soda straws an extra six inche s of clearance. When concentrating on photography, don't forget cave conservation. Rememb er, even red cave mud tracke d upo n cave formations does much to mar the clean beauty of so m any of our Texas caves. Texas now has a new law making it illegal t o mar or remove cave formations. This is well and good. We must give credit to Mrs. Clara H eidemann of Natural Bridge Caverns for getting Rep. John Traeger to push Bill 1111 into law. This will protect caves that have cave own ers who will file charges on violators, but what about the unprotected caves and what about the clumsy or careless caver? T ake care! Take nothing but pictures and footprints!


JUNE, 1967 THE T E X A S C A V E R Page 85 ANOTHER KIND OF CONSERVATION by James R. Reddel It is one of the unfortunate aspects of caving that so few pecple pay any real attention to their responsibilities aa eavers. Far too many cavers think "I am just a spelunker and not a speleologist Will Wh1 te, in the NSS NEWS, baa recently pointed out some of the ways in which eavers (i.e. spelunkers) can contribute to the science of speleology. But, you say, I don't like to map and filling out long trip reports is too much trouble. It is not important here to discuss collecting bugs, mapping caves, or even filling out detailed trip reports. Too often as spelunkers we forget one of our basic responsibilities: that to other spelunkers. Conservation baa been drilled into our heads to such an extent that most of Texas' serious eavers would no more break off a formation or dump carbide into the middle of a eave passage than to Join the Speleological Society of America. We belieYe in conserving our eaves; we also believe in rancher relations ('whether ar not we always practice them with quite the same fanatical zeal.) It seems that'we are veil aware of our responsibility to the eave and to the eaver who wishes to enjoy its beauty and to the eave owner and to the caver who must confront him. What we do not seem to be aware of is our responsibility to other eavers in a more direct sense. We are eager to ke81> the eave open to him (or at least to ourselves and our caving companions) and yet hov often have you been to a cave to discover with surprise that, "Those cavers from were here and checked out all of the caves-on-the place." "No, none of them amounted to anything." When you try to find out something about them fUrther, the owner is too busy and since none of tbem went anywhere anyway you go on. Or, on another occasion, the owner tells you hov to get to his cave "Over yonder by the kiggest prickly pear in the north pasture." A long day later you come crashing out of the cedar thicket after checking out the latest Goat Shelter or Rattlesnake Hcle in that county. It is then that the owner mentions that a bunch of cavers from vas there two weeks ago and didn't find much either. These same stories can be repeated over and over. The failure by one grotto to keep files or the failure by one caver to file a trip report can cause an endless amount -of work for another. Everyone will erpress ardent support for The Texas Speleological Survey and its attempt. They may even subscribe and use its information to find which are the nicest eaves in the county, being careful to avoid the ranches marked by Groty Caves No.s 1-39 But, on their next cave-hunting trip the chances are that most of the caves are passed off as too small, too uninteresting, to bother keeping a record of. But are these caves necessarily uninteres1iing simply because they are too small? In Travis County interesting relationships between formation of caves along joints and the speleologieally important Baleones Fault Zone can be drawn by analyzing maps of Travis County's surplus of 25,30, 40, foot long crawlvaya. Travis County's SO-foot long, 10 foot deep Tooth Cave contains one of the most spectacular and biologically important faunas of any eave in the United States, including Cave, Kentucky. Hov many more such caves are lost in the more inaccessible parts of the Edwards Plateau because the cave owner is assured that they are of no interest and he is too busy to take someone out just to waste their time too will never be known. Caves such as the famed New Faris Sinks, Kentucky's Welsh Cave, Texas' Zesch Ranch Cave are small, relatively insignificant caves, and yet their collections of Pleistocene bones are of basic importance in determining climactic changes in the history of the earth. And how many small caves are small only until they are carefully explored? And for the really dedicated cave hunter, hov many days have been saved by the discovery of just Cave, Crawl-In Cave, Bad Air Fissure, or Coon Crevice? Eere even the smallest dug-out sink can look pretty good after hours of hiking over hill and dale, through prickly ?ear and cedar. But these caves are good only if you are sure that you are the first caver there. They are only a waste of time if you know that Grotto has been there first and you ju;r-have tc go there to verify their findings. We are concerned here now with another tYPe of conservation and one important in its ovn way and one which should be preached as strongly as the conservation of the cave's


Page 86 T H E T E X A S beauty and accessibility. This is the conservation of information. Texas' caving can benefit greatly by each caver spending a few minutes to record his impression of the cave. It does not have to be an elaborate description or detailed account. The basic requirement for conserving many essential aspects of a cave is a brief written account with a few words of description or a sketch of the cave. The smaller the cave the easier to record the essentials of it. It is equally easy to locate the cave. A location map drawn while returning from the cave can be done with the greatest of ease for most caves. If the cave is in the middle of a pasture and effectively impossible to find, mention the location of the ranch and the approximate location of the cave. If the cave is small record its location so others need not find it when they produce the type of survey that will benefit others. The failure to do this is a fault shared by every caver. In the rush to get home a few minutes faster, all the hours of driving, miles of walking, and talks with the owner are forgotten. If a cave is worth the time to find, it is worth the fime to locate carefully; if it is not worth the time to find then a few min utes spent locating it with a map will save someone else the need to find it. There is one other kind of information which is lost for equally poor reasons. This is the history of the cave. How many times the cave owner has mention ed the dates and circumstances of a cave's hietory: the year Uncle Joe got lost, the date the entrance was excavated or enlarged, the time the Spaniards hid their gold in it, when the guano shaft was dug, or simply whether he bad been back to the drop or not. All of this information bas its place in any accounting of Texas caves. Some of it is of great interest. In talking to guano miners in the country store, in discussing the cave with the owner or the old-timer such information is gained. As the era of ends, as the time of the country store comes to a close, as all of these things change, the early history of our caves will be lost. New owners bring little or no information with them. Now is the tice to conserve the history of our caves. And it can be done just as simply, with no greater difficulty, than preserving the cave's beauty. It can be conserved simply by keeping a pencil and a piece of paper at band. By taking a few notes on the cave's history, by recording a few dates and names, we will learn much of value and interest about the history of our caves. Caves have lost much of their charm to people in the country and with this lose of charm and novelty is lost the legends and history which can make even a mediocre cave an interesting one. The old-time picnics to caves in wagons, the use of caves for shelter from storms, for water in time of drought, or simply for amusement by local cavers are all a part of C A V E R JUNE, 1967 the history of an area and to preserve our knowledge of them is important. What I am trying to say is that as cavers we can contribute much, without being speleo logists or even speleo-surveyors. If you enjoy reading about caves, if you enjoy going caving, it is as much your responsibility to make the sport and science of caving more enjoyable to your fellow caver by the Conservation of Information about the eaves as it is to carry your carbide outside or to leave the cave pearls in the pocket where you found them or to not antagonize tbe owner. We are failing in this responsibility and it is doubly unfortunate because it is so easy to succeed. FOR YOUR INFORMATION an article written by Roy Davis of Cumberland Caverns and entitled: "Sermon for Spelunkers" will be reprinted in the TEXAS CAVER in its entirety. It will appear in the June issue. We think something of this sort has been needed for a long time. Be sure to look for it next month!


JUNE, 1967 THE T E X A S C A V E R Page 87 FOOD FOR THE. HUNGRY CAVER by Steve Stanton "p R E P A R E" T 0 E AT W EL l Since Jacque is down at A&M in school, and was not able to write her article this month, I have invited myself to fill in for her. I hope she does not mind, and I hope that you will continue to read this column though I will probably have spoiled it for you this month. The motto of the Boy Scouts of America is ''Be Prepared" I think this should be one of the mottoes of cavers. Even though most of our trips are rushed up affairs, still on our more lengthy excursions we should be prepared as far as the food line is concerned. To be properly, and correctly, fed while away from home is im portant to your health, and sometimes is important to your disposition. It does not take a great amount of time to prepare some tasty food for those weekend leisure hours when you are not in the cave. If you a little time, some very delicious foods do much to pep you Up. For instance: If you take an ice chest along on some of your trips, put in a carton of frozen straw a can of whipped cream, and a package News Abilene Grotto. N.S.S. The Abilene Grotto is gaining another new (we hope). David Dodge has completed a series of two required field trips, one being the Powell's Cave project, and is eligible to become a member. Those making the Powell's Project were Jim Estes, Bryant Lilly, and Dodge Seems the hailstorm in Abilene ia requiring members to either put on new roofs or have them put on. Gray's car was slightly damaged by the big chunks of ice from the sky. Jim Estes has been away for two weeks in the big state of Utah, and in Coloradc. What was he doing? Sightseeing most of the time in the color country -Bryce, Zion, Cedar Breaks, of shortcakes. I was the cook on one certain trip and prepared strawberry shortcake for dessert. Needless to say, the air was filled with compliments, and I was the 'king of the cave'. No need to have ash-filled toast when with a Coleman stove and an old iron skillet, you can enjoy the real scrumptious taste of old fashioned pancakes. There are many brands on the market today, and most people love 'em. One time when camped at River Styx Cave on a weekend, we had a roast beef dinner. No, we did not take a raw roast and cook it. Canned roast beef (with gravy), a package of instant whipped potatoes, gravy, English peas, and a can of cranberries rounds out a good meal if you also have a box of home made brownies to go along with it. These ideas, and yours, all need some preparation before you leave, but its worth it. I might add too, that a package or jar of boullion cubes (or powder) is always a good pepper upper after a grilling eight or ten hour cave trip. Just drop one in a cup of hot water then sip slowly. G9od eating! and Grand Canyon. Lots of hiking and lots of photo snapping--almost as fun as caving. Crisman's arm is fairly well healed up at this time. Seems a trip planned for River Styx Cave will take place with Bart along. George Gray went out to visit a group of would-be cavers at Abilene Christian College in mid-Ma.y. The interested students saw slides and both Gray and Crisman told them a little about the sport. Grotto Address: 2818 South 39th Street, Abilene, Texas 79605. Texas A& I Covers As of this deadline there is no news from !exas A & I, however, please note the change of address for the summer: Gill Ediger, P. o. Box 731, Sinton, Texas 78387. -JOIN THE NSS AND U:ARN MORE ABOur CAVES IN THE UNITED STATES


Page 88 THE T E X A S San Antonio Grotto The Grotto used the weekend of 13 May to make an assault on Emerald Sink in the Langtry area. Those making the long drop into the sink were pat Prejean, Jim Weldon, Roger Sorrells, Wayne Russell, and Mike and Vince Druding. The mud crawl at the bottom leading to the 50 ft. pit was tilled with a great number of very friendly bats and they forced a retreat. That done, there was nothing left to do but to prussic back to the surface. Then while some swam, others took another long plunge to the bottom or Langtry Quarry. Sunday was set for D-Day on Langtry Lead for our deepest venture. Upon arriving we found 4-6 dead goats in the bottom of the sink next to the entrance. Jim Roger and Vince vent down to chart a course in but quickly beat a retreat to high ground, hastily stripped and vi th the help of other members spent the next hour picking off fleas. Needless to say the mighty assault on Langtry Lead was stepped short by a tiny flea (fleas, millions of them) Oh well, there is always tomorrow. A group of 21 headed south on the Memorial Day weekend to make the ascent to Bustamante. The trip was led by Vince Druding a n d Mike Dorum. We found many more names defacing the formations than was noted on our previous trip in September, 1966. As the main party beaded home on Sunday, the fearless four (Roger Sorrells, Pat Ward, Mike and Vince Druding) beaded deeper into the land of the wild to visit Candela Water Cave. Following the directions of Bill Russell and with help from above we finally found the cave and spent the night next to the stream. The next morning we visited the upper passage and found 4 to 6 -4 x4 x6 holes dug in the passage floor. We followed the water passage to the end The formations in this area were heavily vandalized, We ate lunch with a local goat-herder and then prepared for the trip home. With Roger as vanigator, a short 20-mile trip over all weather roads between Candela and Monclova turned into a 50-mile nightmare over goat trails. During some of our cavers took to canoes only to get as wet above ground as they usually do below. Wonder why canoes keep turning over? Club address: Vince Druding 8332 Fredericksburg Road, San Antonio, Texas 78229. Texas Tech SEX--Now that we have your undivided attention, _maybe we can get you to read about our trip to a small, muddy, unimpressive, gross cave Grosser's Sink, C A V E R JUNE, 1967 On a nive, bright Sunday morning, you know, the one after the convention, David Merideth from Balcones Grotto, Suzanne F o w 1 e r, Tom Walker and Jon Vinson from Texas Tech, piled into David s truck, It seems that David and John had discovered new passage not on the map the year before while attending the BOG. This time we were going to map this new passage and Suzanne wanted to collect some specimens. Upon arriving we immediately rappelled the 50-ft. drop and began to map. Everything pro ceeded nicely for about 100 feet. Would you believe a large cave monster stood in our paths? Would you believe a tight crawl way vi th a large log jammed in it? After several minutes we were able to move the log and continue mapping. At the end of the crawlway we entered a rather large room filled with breakdown and covered with mud, Above this grotto was what appeared to be an upper level that paralleled the passage we were about to map We were unalle to get up to it because of a steep mud slope. After mapping the only passage off this room we came to a small dome about 50 ft. high, Again we noticed an upper level. From here the passageway was filled with water and we collec1i ed several bugs and salamanders. We set up our last station and made a reading into the siphon. On returning to the surface we checked out .sink several hundred feet to the north west in another field. This cave had a drop that appeared to be about 70 ft. deep. The passageway seemed to bead in the direction of Grosser's Sink but due to lack of time we did not enter the cave. We mapped 337 ft. of passage for Grosser's Sink. Suzanne turned the specimens over to Dr. Robert Mitchell at Texas Tech who found that one of the salamanders was a new species that had not been described. He sent it to James Reddell who had collected several of these in another cave and is nov in the process of describing the species, Eurycea cibolensis. It was a profitable trip after all. Club address: Abilene Grotesque, N.S.S. Not much going on in the all-girls grotto last month. Fern Davis is gcing to summer school at ACC; Jaylene is keeping bouse and is seeing that hubby Bart stays off rickety step ladders; Blanche Lilly is still well-digging and Irene Estes hae been out of town a lot; and so that leaves Jacque Gray--and it seems she is a little pooped from the long school year and all the little students romping about. A good relaxing cave trip should fix that up. Grotto Address: 1458 Marsalis St., Abilene Texas 79603. COURTESY PAYS OFF WHY DON'T YOU TRY IT!


JUNE, 1967 T H E T E X A S C A V E R Page 89 NOTE Late news item. The Board of Governors of the Texas Speleological Association met at the Cactus Cafe, San Saba, Texas on Sunday, June 18. 21 delegates representing eleven TSA organizations were called to order by Chairman Jack C Burch at 1:30 PM. The main item of business was planning the forthcoming TSA Region Project to be held Labor Day weekend in Kimble County Dewayne Dickey and Suzanne Fowler, along with a group from Balcones Grotto and San Antonio Grotto will make preliminary plans. Selection of TSA's official emblem was made. Winner of both first and second prizes in the contest was by Gari Davis of Fort Worth Jon Vinson of San Angelo won third prize. (FUblisher'e note: The NEWS perhaps is the most widely read portion of the CAVER. We of the staff wuld like to see every grotto or club send in interesting items and neWB con tent. Every caver likes to know a little ,of what the other guya are doing, where they go on field tripe, etc. Please do not delay, and send in all your new each month before the. fifth calendar day. Thank you. JBE) SOMEONE YOU'D LIKE TO NOMINATE AS "CAVER OF THE MONTH"? SEND tB THE PHOTO WITH THE "INFO". MR. ADVERTISER HERE IS SPACE FOR YOUR AD. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION -WRITE: BART CRISMAN, ADVERTISING MGR. THE TEXAS CAVER P. 0. BOX 143 ABILENE, TEXAS 79604 SUBSCRIBE TO THE TEXAS CAVER ONLY $3 ANNUALLY (II"'{ <1.0 ,.U of tM. a.tcM.ol .;.,. .t:M. ClllJ/Jt. o.e. tM. of U.. 9 Mpe. .tlua 'fOif, .u.J. U ..W,U to fU. I(OUA. .l.c..tte.w. tl.o .t.o I. N dp4-lu.e.p -. o o-.c. .tou. cuuJ. p-t.ellc.n.t ao4e. ... .e.;u Wll "'' .3. ..t tM. Cllf.Ja<. /40II&IIc..e., 9 u .uJa.

Page 90 T H E T E X A S C A V E R JUNE, 1967 ADVERTISEMENTS Advertising rates for general commercial use available from the Advertising Classified Ads are for the sole use of members to sell personal items, locate wanted items or state personal notes! First Insertion: 20 words for 50; 50 words for $1.00 Each additional word over 501. Succeeding insertions in consecutive months -25% discount. Telephone number (Area Code, Prefix, etc. constitutes one word. Name, address and town constitutes five words. Total price (Dollar sign & figures) one word. Send to: TEXAS CAVER P. 0. Box 143 Abilene, Texas 79604 before the 5th of the month that you want ad to run. The TEXAS CAVER P. 0. BOX 143 ABILENE, TEXAS 79604 Return Postage Guaranteed PRINTED MATTER JOIN THE N.S.S. IT IS WELL WORTH IT. REGULAR MEMBERSHIP-$7.00; STUDENT OR ASSOCIATE MEMBERSHIP $5.00. TEXAS CAVER subscriptions available at $3/year. Some back issues available at 25 per copy. Wirebound TEXAS CAVER for 1966 (Vol.XI) $4 each YE OLDE HISTORY and THERE WE WAS 50 per copy. PROJECT DEEP Preliminary report 50 each Send check or money order payable to: The TEXAS CAVER P. 0. Box 143 Abilene, Texas 79604 KEEP THE CAVES OPEN!

Contents: Project 36 /
Pete Lindsley --
Some observations on Powell's Cave / Pete Lindsley --
From the Chairman / Jack C. Burch --
Another kind of conservation / James R. Reddell --
Speleo images --
Food for the hungry caver "prepare" to eat well / Steve
Stanton --
News --
From the Editor / George Gray --
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