The Texas Caver

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The Texas Caver
Series Title:
The Texas Caver
Texas Speleological Association
Texas Speleological Association
Publication Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
Regional Speleology ( local )
Technical Speleology ( local )
serial ( sobekcm )
United States


General Note:
Contents: T.S.A. emergency procedure -- The mole people / Cary D. Clawson, Cleburne, Texas -- Six new ones in San Saba County / Jim Estes -- News of Grottoes and Clubs -- Cartoon / David Dodge -- TSA patch announcement order blank.
Open Access - Permission by Publisher
Original Version:
Vol. 14, no. 4 (1969)
General Note:
See Extended description for more information.

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University of South Florida Library
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University of South Florida
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All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
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K26-04523 ( USFLDC DOI )
k26.4523 ( USFLDC Handle )
10682 ( karstportal - original NodeID )
0040-4233 ( ISSN )

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TEXAS CAVER Abilene, Texas 79604 P. 0. Box 143 VOLUME XIV, NlWiliER 4 April, 1969 The Texas Caver is a monthly publication and is printed in Abilene, Texas; It was adopted in 1961 as the Official Publication of The Texas Spe leological Association, a regional Internal Organ ization of the National Speleological Society The Caver endeavors to present Texas caving and Texas cavers; Texas caves and Texas cave life; history, folklore, cartoons, and events of Texas speleology; and proceedings and reports of the Texas Speleological Association (TSA). are solicited on a volunteer basis, and anyone desiring to contribute articles to this publication may do so. Material to be printed should be typed and double-spaced, and mailed to the Editor, PO Box 143, Abilene, Texas, no later than the 6th of each month of issue. Photos should be black and white glossy prints, and become the property of the Caver unless so specified for return by the sender. Subscription Price (12 issues) ----Complimentar y Subscriptions to Organizations for cave owners --Single copies ---------------------$3.00 1.50 .25 EDI'IDR .......................... George Gray PUBLISHER .................... James Estes PHOTOLITHOGRAPHER ........... Bryant Lilly ADVERTISING DIRECTOR .............. Bart Crisman PHOTO TIPS EDITOR .......... Pete Lindsley TYPING AND LAYOUT ........... James Estes ASSEMBLY .................. Abilene Grotto, NSS CONTE NTS T.S.A. EMERGENCY PROCEDURE ........... 43 THE MOLE PEDPLE . . . . 44 by Cary D. Clawson, Cleburne,Texas SIX NEW ONES IN SAN SABA COUNTY ........... 45 by Jim Estes NEWS of Grottoes and Clubs ..... 46 CARTOON BY DAVID DODGE ........... 47 TSA PATCH ANNOUNCEMENT & ORDER BLANK .. 48 COVER Veteran Texas spelunker, Bart Crisman gets a little cramped as he leaves a difficult section of Felton Cave. Photo was made in 1966 b y James Estes as a c olor slide o n Sears film. Black and white print made by B. Lilly of Austin. THE TEXAS SPELEOLOGICAL ASSOCIATIO N is an organization of caving and speleological clubs and chapters of the National Speleo logical Society in the State of Tex as. The purposes and aims of the TSA are simi lar to those of the National Speleological Society, to promote the exploration and study of caves in the state of Texas, and promote fellowship among the members. OFFICERS (1969) of the TSA are: CHAIRMAN ............. A. Richard Smith VICE .......... David Merideth SECRETARY-TREAbl!H.ER ...... Suzanne Wiley P. 0. Box 4563, TT Station Lubbock, Texas 79409 BASIC RULES FOR CAVE CONSERVATION 1 -Collecting or in any way damaging formations is prohibited. 2 Caves should not be littered w ith refuse of any kind. 3 Cave walls are not to be desecrated with smoke writing, signs, or arrows. 4 -All used carbide will b e carried out of the cave, buried, or placed in a trash receptacle. 5 Archeolo gical sites sh ould b e left t o skilled archeologists. 6 Cave faun a (anir.tals) should not b e disturbed or collected unless you are a s sociated with a particular scientific e n deavor. TAKE NOTHING BUT PICTURES, LEAVE NOTHING BUT FOOTPRINTS "To preserve Cll ves in their natural state, we must h av r Jtual concern f o r cave conse:r:vat i o --R de Sausseure


THE TEXAS CAVER April, 1969 Page 43 T.5.A. EMERGENCY PROCEDURE EDITOR'S NOTE: At the BOG meeting at Pro j ect Deep Labor Day \Jeekend 1965, it was generally a greed that the TSA should have a particular plan that c ould be used i n the event an emergency developed anywhere i n the Region. Such a plan was set forth i n the Octobe r 1965 issue o f t h e T exas Caver and with revision, is being reprinted here. A s noted at that time, there should be some min imum standards of training and equipment for each individual who might want to participate in emergency search and rescue in the Region At this time, there are still n o standards but hopefu l l y these will be developed and forthcomi ng in the near future. If you as an individual caver o r your Grotto has any thoughts or suggestions con cerning these standards please convey them to Luther Bundrant, Regional Cave Rescue Director, 107 Tomahawk Trail, San Ant onio, Texas 78232. The conservation brochure "You r Cave ... And Y ou will be republished within the next few week s and will have up-to-date telephone numbers of interested people over the state who are more o r less permanent. These up-dated numbers will be supplied to t he Texas Department o f Public Safety communic ations centers and t o the Sheriffs of counties that contain caves. Foreseeing that an emergency could catch u p t o 50% of the qualified personnel sick o r unavailable for other reasons, the planning is away from the ideal team of "specialists" and toward the less ideal group of people q u alified and willing t o do any Based on t his premise, the first four q u alified people o n the scene would automatically become a three man strike o r advance team and a coordinator t o remai n o n the surface. This latter man would automatically become the pro ject d irector, workin g directly with the law enforcement p e ople on the site and coordinating and direc t i ng the activities of all cavers. The remaining qualified cavers who report to the scene would be formed by the coordinator into two gro ups. The main party to follow and assist t he advance group an d the surface or support group. With this t hinking it becomes obvious that each caver involved must be qualified and equipped to rig, accomplish technical climbing administer first aid, and help in any other manner that might be required. Any c aver who might be interested in participating in the p r og ram as it is developed should at this time begin to qualify himself. For example, the minimum First Aid training w ould be the red Cross Advanced Training or its equ ivalent. It is the general feeling that additional s pecialized training and practice will be required but each participating individual should secure the Red Cross Training from his own Red Crrss Cha pter. The f ollowing is given as a t entative list of equ ipment that may be used in a rescue emergency. Ea c h member should h a ve packed and ready to loa d his personal gear including : hard had and lamp, spare lamp and flashlight parts and fuel, flashlight, boots and f ood for one meal in a cave. Of course, this is just the usual caving gear. Other personal gear that might be kept ready to load would include: Rappel devices and seat slings, p russik l oops and/or ascenders, c a rabiners expansion bolts, hangers, pitons, piton hammer, wire splint, and basi c First Aid kit. Grotto o r gro u p type equipment that should te available to each caver: climbing ropes (3/ 8 o r 7/16 n y l o n ) rigging ropes ( 1 / 211 manila or larger), cable ladders, canvas stretcher o r stokes litter, water c an full of water, dehyd r a t ed foods, camp stoves with fuel, cook kits, tentage,field phones with wire, scissor s t ype jack, block and tackle, etc. PROCEDURE: The first person in an area who is called by an outsider (state Police, Sheriffs Dept., l and owner, etc. ) shoul d first call a c aver listed in the area closest t o the emergency. He should relay al1 information a b ou t t he emergency. (Each Grotto should set up its own telep hone call network in the event tha t there


Page 44 is an emergency.) If help from outside the local area is needed, the first notified should call a caver in the area next closest to the emergency area. The available people .should collect as much of their personal equipment and other equipment as feasible within minimum time and proceed to the scene of the emergency. After action has been .taken to get cavers m the scene, the RCRD should be notified. At the scene, the first caver arriving must persuade local authorities to seal off the area to everyone except those presenting NSS cards. (Ed. note: there should be some TSA identification also designated.) When four cavers have arrived on the scene, three will automatically become the advance o r strike group; and the fourth will become the project coordinator or director on the surface. (depending on his experience and background, the "Cave Master" of the advance group should be the underground director.) Other cavers arriving will serve as surface or support crew and become replacements for members of the underground groups as needed. The advance group will proceed to the victim, render necessary and urgent first aid, make the victim comfortable and survey the exact situation. (As soon as t his is accomplished, a report should be made to the surface coordinator.) Or course, they should begin planning and working toward extrication and evacuation of the victim. However, special equipment as needed will have to be brought in by the main group or even by the support group. The main group will carry in the required special equipment, and they will coordinate with the advance group to extricate the victim from the immediate scene to the cave entrance or to the emergency vehicle or the hos pital. The support group will, if needed, set up tentage and facilities for recuperation of underground crews, kitchen facilities as needed for all envolved personnel, and if necessary, transport hot foods to the underground site for crews and victims. It is recognized that every involve v arious factors in such will make it unique. Therefore, cedure should be modified as the demands. situation will a manner that the above proexact situation The project coordinator will delegate the responsibility for notification of the next of kin. NO information should be supplied to representatives of news media present until the operation is concluded. At tha t time, all underground per::.onnel, project coordinator, and local authorities should make themselves available in group for a press type conference. All details should be given to news media concern ing known facts about the accident, the victim and the rescue Avoid speculation and opinion if possible. If any "opinion" statements are m ade, these statements should clearly be1abeled as opinion and not fact. Press representatives should be asked to refer to the cave location in vague terms (i.e. "A cave in Sutton County"). The landowner should not be identified and the common n ame of the cave should not be given. April, 1969 THE TEXAS CAV.Elt A log should be kept on all members of the :res cuetearn who enter the cave. This should be basic information such as name, time in and date and time out and date. One member of the adyance group should carry field phones or other means of communication and should string wire from the surface if such equipment i s available when they enter. Otherwise, the main group should do this. Someone should man the surface phone at all times. (Until a caver arrives who can assume this duty, the project director should ask a responsible-looking spectator to do this job.) Unless a qualified doctor is on the scene, and will take the responsibility, the rescue group must limit themselves to recognized First Aid procedures. (No pain killers, stimulants, etc.) If in the judgement of the cave master any rescue procedure will unduly endan ger the life of a member of the rescue group, the rescue attempt should be aborted and as in any f::N e activity, the cave master's decision should be final. The Texas Region safety record is goo d and all TSA cavers should strive to keep it that way. However, we must prepare ourselves for any eventuality. Correspondence concerning emergency procedure should be directed to the TSA Regional Cave Rescue Director; Luther Bundrant 107 Tomahawk Trail San Antonio, Texas 78 232 Mole People c _2:)> c "GOOD GRIEF WHAT A ROOM!"


THE TEXAS CAVER A pril, 1 969 Page 45 SIX NEW ONES IN SAN SABA COUNTY Jim When a caver mentions San Saba County, its either for one or two reasons: There would be a meeting of some kind at the Cactus Cafe, o r else they immediately think of fissure c aves. O n the weekend of March 22 six cavers from Abilene found and recorded six new caves in the c ounty--you're right, t hey were fissure caves. (That's one cave apiece!) The sextet did hav e a meeting at the Cactus Cafe, however only to eat breakfast, then a short trip 1tras made t o the first ranch picked to ask about a rumored cave The rancher was not at home when they arrived, but soon clrove up as the six, including Jim Estes, Kazee, Steve Waldrip,Bill Waggoner, Tom Cotton, and Gar y Null, were about to leave. "Wha t do you boys want?" queried the l ady. "We heard you had a cave o n your place and would like to visit it," returned the cavers. "Now where'd you hear a thing like that?" the ranchwoman asked. "From some Dallas cavers about five years a go. We had a cave-hunting project down here then." Her eyebrows raised somewhat, and "Yes, I remember that, but I don't caves, just a few rattlesnake holes. 11 "Oh?" she said have any "Yes, we usually have a rattlesnake hunt h ere in the county, and always find a lot of them in my holes. I usually organize the hunt. 11 A woman rattlesnake hunter? "Well, would it be all righ t if we looked at them?" "Yes, its okay with me. a hole back up on the hill, 11 southwest, "I'll be glad t o there to it if you'd like." I just remembered indicating to the take you boys up The cavers all agreed that t hey'd like it, and then the ranchwoman said, "You mean you all go around sticking your heads in those holes, haven't you got anything else to do?" "Well, 11 one of the cavers "S orne people chase white balls around all day, and some people climb mountains, and then there are rattlesnake hunters . The lady laughed heartily, and soon she the pickup to the cave with the Abilene car close behind. The first cave located was the largest, at least 150 feet long and 55 feet deep estimated at its deepest point. The entrance, a very picturesque fissure in grey Ellenberger limestone was ringed with cactus. and algerita, and Estes the walls of the entrance drop covered with bright green moss and algae and dotted with hanging ferns. A cable ladder at the entrance was sufficient for the 28-foot drop, then the cave sloped down and into a stoopway-crawlway f o r about 100 feet, ending in fill. Compared to most San Saba caves, there was very little trash in the entrance. The rattlesnake holes up a canyon from the ranch house were some large enough to be defin-: ed as a cave according to A Richard Smith. O ne of them measured about 50 feet long, and two others were 40 and 35 feet long respectively. All the caves were located in a 60-foot bluff, and were named Dry Goat Fissure, Black Kid Cave and Steve's B luff Crevice respectivel y A hike on up the canyon led to more bluffs but no more caves. Cutting across the top o f the hill toward the car netted two shallow sinks, but one contained a crevice """"... ches wide with perhaps a sounalng depth of 25 feet. There was no way into the cre vice. After a lunch by the road on the way to another lead, the cavers lounged beneath trees and with drizzle in their faces. Soon afterwards the area of Knat Cave and Greenbrier Cav erns was reached and a hunt for the Cave entrance was begun. Two hours later, and two c a ve entrances later (neither one !';ille r Cave), the group reassembled and decided to visit Joes Cave just to get in a cave before darkness arrived. One of the caves located was Cedar Pit, a small one-room cave w ith anoval entrance drop of about 15 feet. A low crawlway went on for a few more feet before the passage came to an end. The other cave Waggoner's Crawlway, was only about 25 feet l o ng, it's entrance located in a dry header. So--six new ones in San Saba County, but a word of advice for anyone crazy enough to g o to Joe's cave area after dark hunting the entrance. Don't try it. It just can't be found! A brief visit to Roundtree Cave after dark an d the Key City C avers drove back in the rain to B rovmwood for supper, and then home. They had: "Nothing else to do ... 11 Please send articles, cartoons, and cave stories for publication to: Texas Caver, P.O. Box 143, Abilene, Texas 79605. Thanks!


Page 46 April, 1969 THE TEXAS CAVER N E w s ALAMO The activity for the month of April started with a group of grotto members going to Mexico as one of the many AMCS expeditions going to different areas of Mexico during the Spring break. One group, consisting of Buster Huntsman, Henry Kuehlem, Mr. & Mrs Smith, John Puchot, Butch Summars, Charles Burns, and David Allison, was assigned the area near the village of Puchon to try to locate a huge pit which is said to exist in that area. Time was the main thing we needed but did not have, so the trip was hindered from the start. Realizing that we had at least thirty hours to be devoted to just driving, leaving only fifteen to find and check the cave, we left as soon as we could. Unfortunately that was at 9 PM on the third. After customs trouble at the border and car trouble in Ciudad we finally reached Puchon around 6 PM Friday. We made camp in front of Cueva de la Florida and then took a look at the entrances to two caves in the area. That night Buster,Henry, David and Charles explored one of the caves for quite some distance before returning topside and hitting the sack. The next day Buster, Henry, David and Sue and Gary Smith went to the other entrance to explore and map its interior. It was a dead 90-foot pit. John and Butch were led on a zig-zag path through the jungle which was to take them to the huge pit prevjously reported, but instead they wound up at the little 90-foot pit. Charles went into Florida and discovered that they had been in the same cave the night before. When everyone returned to camp, Butch and John tried to get one of the locals to show us where the large sotano was, but they wanted a hundred pesos for the job. Not having the hundred pesos to spend on a guide, we broke camp and went to find our second objective--Cueva del San Nicolas. A huge cave (volumewise) was pointed out to us as San Nicolas, but in reality it was Cueva del Abra. Not knowing this we entered and checked its passage and deep open pit. Later that afternoon a misunderstanding and the negligence to bring all the mapping equipment in the cave caused half the group to get stuck at the bottom of the mountain in a rain storm and the other half of the group to have a three hour stay in the deep pit be fore they got flooded out. That night everyone made it out of El Abra and started on the way home. Tired, cross and hungry the group arrived back in SA Sunday afternoon. On the 13th, Paul Kuehlem, Sandy Trout, Henry Kuehlem, Paul Hitsfelder, Buster Huntsman Robert Coe and two females,interesting in caving wentout into western Bexar County to inspect a sink-filled area. After searching the area for over an hour they finally found a small opening to a fault a bout two feet wide and an of twenty feet long. The fault narrowed to a slit too tight for anyone to get through. They named it "Porter 1 s Pothole" after its discoverer. This area needs more investigation because the whole area is full of sinks. On the 19th & 20th nine Grottoe members attended the TSA Convention at Georgetovrn. The convention seemed to be a total success. On the following Sunday Sandy a nd Jeff Trout and Charles Burns ventured into central Texas to explore the breakdown rooms m Orrell 1 s Bat Cave. A mapping trip is planned for the future. Also a group visited the Cave of The Lakes on the 27th to see its beautiful passages. The group was comprised of H enry Kuehlem, Robert Pendalosa, Tom Jamison, Gil Schaller, and David Allison. They spent most of the day in the cave and Henry took some pictures. Hhile underground they tried t o push some of the tight crawls but were unsuccessful. Anyone interested in cavin"g is in vi ted to attend the Alamo Grotto meetings or accompany them on their trips. Contact one of the members beforehand. Grotto address: 1642 Hwy 8 1S, San Antonio, Texas. Phone MA 2-3837. DALLAS FORT WORTH April was a slow month for caving in the Dallas area. The only trip reported was to the convention in Georgetown. Those making the trip were: Pete Lindsley, Ed Fomby, Car, Nancy, and Tracy Johnson and Jack and Gloria Burch. A post convention float trip was made do vrn the San Gabriel River. Grotto address: 6621 Sunnyland Lane, Dallas, Texas 75214. U TEX Over the Spring break several trips to Mexico, Texas and Tennessee were made. James Reddell and A Richard Smith went to the gypsum plain of Culberson County to locate and explore gypsum caves; In 19 active hours, 35 new caves were found and explored. Five of these caves had flowing streams and s ome others also had substantial pools. The average length of the caves was approximately 100 feet. John and Meri Fish were joined by Bill Elliott, Don Broussard,David Honea, Tom Albert, Jerry Broadus, Miles Abernathy and Duane Faith for a few days of pit caving in the Aquismon area of MP'" Rain made the first few days uncomfort. d unfruitful. Caves mapped on the trip iL Sotano de las Tuilas, Sotano de la de la Linja, SOtano de los Cuevadore s Perdidos and a few very small caves. Sotano de las Tuilas was about 300 feet


THE TEXAS CAVER April, 1969 Page 47 deep and 200 feet 1n diameter. SOtano de la Huasteca had a to tal depth of 484 feet and was 325 feet in diameter at the bottom. SOtano de la Linja was 198 feet deep and 160 by 410 feet at the bottom. Sotano de los Cuevadores had an entrance drop of 143 feet, total depth of 320 feet and the bottom dimensions were 250 by 3 50 feet. Bill and Carol Russell, Joe Cepeda, Donna Lovelace, Eugene Haydon and Phyllis Della Cruce went to the canyon of the Rio Tampaom, about fifteen miles southwest of Cd. Valles, S.L.P., Mexico. The main objective was to walk up the canyon to a cave Bill, Bob Mitchell and Richard Albert had discovered from the air on a previous trip. The cave had a large entrance with a river flowing from it over a series of travertine dams into the Tio Tampaon. Just upstream from the cave the Tio Ojo Frio flows over a 110 foot cliff into the Rio Tampaon. The y walked up the canyon for a day and a half, but decided there wasn't enough time left to get to the cave, so returned by building a raft and floating down the river. Terry Raines and crew went on a site-seeing tri p to Yucatan and found several caves. Orion and Jan Knox went northv1ard to Tenn. to visit relatives. Since they were so close t h ey decided to visit Mammoth Cave, but the c ave was closed!' After driving so far, they f l visited one of the smaller commercial caves, Ma.nuroth Onyx Caverns. The club meets the 1st and 3rd Wednesdays of each month, 7:30 PM, Geology Bldg. Rm. 100. Grotto address: Box 7672, University Statlon, Austin, Texas 78712. Jan Knox, Secretary A NOTE TO GROTTO NEWS CONTRIBUTORS: We are endeavoring to catch up! Yes you may not believe it, but the old typist bless his pointed head, has vowed to some of his time to heat up the typewriter. If you have news of your club or grotto for the months o f June, July, or August, please send it right away and it will appear in those issues. It will be a triple mailing just as the l-1arch-April_jl lay will be. As for the content of the June-July-August 1ssue, therewill be exciting stories of a cave in central Mexico which was visited by Mexican cavers, and another quite interesting article by Carl Kunath concerning the discovery, exploratbn and survey of Midnight Cave, Texas with several pages of photos and map. It will be a ppreciated if would end each grotto news article with your meeting place and date, and your grotto or club address. Thanks! ( ( v J. r ; f} -t \ '\ ff ... .., v ..... _, t:. : ... . { ' ... __ <# ,_. , ., i ..:._ '."-' \' \ \l \) \ \ .. ; ) / / \ l 1 1 --.. ._:_ ... Naw, I 1m not wearing r e d soqks, i t m u s t be G eorge."


Page 48 April, 1969 THE TEXAS CAVER Note to Exchangers .... All exchange publications should c h e c k their files and if necessary correct the mailing address for the CAVER. All e x change material should be mailed to= THE TEXAS CAVER P.O. Box 143 Abilene, Texas, 79604 INTERESTED IN SUBSCRIBING TO AN PUBLICA TION? Please check the list of such newsletters in the Feuruary, 1969 issue of the TEXAS CAVER. AnnouncingI TSA Patches & Decals 1n 4 orlLLlant colors .. Never before offered at these low prices.Both armpatch and decal are 4" in diam er and o f the design shown below. Due to insufficient funds on hand, however, it will be necessarym collect orders and money before we order. If enough orders are received, we will be able to offer a sizable refund! So order as many a s you can and get your friends to order some ... Collect orders at club and grotto meetings and have your club or Grotto order extras for new members who will be coming in the future. We will be reordering but we do need a large lst order to keep the price down. Remember the more people that order, the cheaper they will be. Don't forget that refund I promised. It could be up to 35 on each patch. We'll have as many patches made as we have money for, so get your order in now! Because of the way this is being made, it may be September or so Texas cavers residingin the state are automati-before we can deliver. So we ask tha t themoot cally members of THE SPELEOLOGICAL ASS)Clpermanent of your addresses be used . HURRY! 0 R D E R B L A NK: Please send me the following items: ____ .411 4-color cotton a:rmpatches @ $1 .00 ea .......................... $ ____ 411 4-color window decals @ $0.35 ea. Total enclosed: $ Make checks or money orders payable to TSA PATCH FYND. NAME ---------------------------------ADDRESS ------------------------------------------------------CITY ------------------'------STATE ---------------ZIP ____ T H E T EX A S C A V E R P. 0. Box 143, Abilene, Texas 79605 OFFICIAL PUBLICATION OF THE TEXAS SPELEOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION PRINTED MATTER ADDRESS CORRECTION REQUESTED: CAVE TEXAS 0 R DE R N 0 W

Contents: T.S.A.
emergency procedure --
The mole people / Cary D. Clawson, Cleburne, Texas --
Six new ones in San Saba County / Jim Estes --
News of Grottoes and Clubs --
Cartoon / David Dodge --
TSA patch announcement & order blank.